Тенденції розвитку вимови старшокласників Німеччини: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / Е.Ш. Ісаєв, Київ. нац. ун-т ім. Т.Шевченка. — К., 1999. — 19

2

EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

?NA?A AAeOA?Ae OAOIA?IAE*

OAeE 9011;8017:803.0-4

OAIAeAIOe?? ?ICAEOEO AEIIAE

NOA?OIEEANIEE?A I?IA**EIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.04 — aa?iainuee? iiae

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?iaoeueei? o?eieia?? N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i I.A.O?oica

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iao?aiei
Ieaeanaiae? Aeai‘yiiae/

aeaeai o?aeoeueoaoo ?iicaiieo iia, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?e i?iaoeueei?
o?eieia?? N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.A.O?oica

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ieiiiaa
Ea?ena ?aai?aia i?ioani? eaoaae?e aa?iainueei? o?eieia??

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeai?aeaoeueea Ia?aa?eoa Iao??aia caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?e

oai?aoe/ii? ? i?aeoe/ii? oiiaoeee Ee?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai e?iaa?noe/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i
TH.Oaaeueeiae/a, eaoaae?a i?iaoeueei? iiae oa caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “18” eenoiiaaea 1999?. i “10” aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.11 i?e Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 01033, Eeoa, aoeuea.
Oaa/aiea, 14, aoae. 56.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “8” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee ae.o?eie.i.A.Ae.A?eiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

I?iaeaie noni?eueiiai iioiaeaeaiiy iiae aeieeaaeii aena?oeththoueny
a e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo?? e?ioey 20-ai noie?ooy. Aei iniiaiiai eiea
ieoaiue, ye? aiae?cothoueny a no/ani?e nioe?ie?iaa?noe/i?e iaooe?,
iaeaaeaoue oae? ieoaiiy, ye iiaa ? nioe?aeueia no?oeoo?a, iiaa ? iaoe?y,
iiaa ? eoeueoo?a, iiaa ? nioe?ieia?y iniaenoino?.

?icaeyaeia? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai noaiaea?oo, c iaeiiai
aieo, ? ?iciiaieo oi?i, ae?aeaeo?a, nioe?ieaeo?a, c ae?oaiai, i?enay/ai?
i?aoe? nioe?ie?iaa?no?a, ye? aeine?aeaeothoue iiaio neooaoe?th a
I?ia//ei?: O.Aiiii, I.Ae?oia?, A.E?iea, E.Iaooa??, I.Ionaaoia?,
I.Ii?oiai, A.Oe?aai-Eaiaa.

Aeey ?in?enueeeo oa oe?a?inueeeo iiaiciaaoe?a A.A.Aeoeaiea,
TH.I.AEeoeoaiea, I.?.?na?aa, A.I.?aeaeaae/a, A.I.?onai?anueeiai,
E.?.Naoa?/oe, I.?.Naiaiaoey, N.A.Nai/einueeiai, I.A.Oea/aiea,
I.Ae.Oaaeoea?a iaeaeooaeuei?oeie nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ieie i?iaeaiaie aoee e
caeeoathoueny i?iaeaie aaaaoiiiaiino? e aeaiiiaiino?, iiaieo eiioaeo?a,
eoeueoo?e iiae oa iiaii? iie?oeee.

sse ni?aaaaeeeai aaaaea? I.?.*a?aaeie/aiei,1 *a?aaeie/aiei I.?.
Aca?iiae?y iia, aeaiiiai?noue ? iiaeaii?aa eoeueoo?a // Iiae
?a?iiaenueeiai eoeueoo?iiai a?aaeo: ?icaeoie ? aca?iiae?y. – E.:
Aeia??a,1995. –N.99.

2 Ea?aaai A.?., Aa?aa E.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iia o i?aoeyo
TH.I.AEeoeoaiea oa i?iaeaia aionueei-i?aaeaiiineia’yinueeeo iiaieo
eiioaeo?a // Oai aea. –N.125.

“a ?noi??? ethaenueeeo iia i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai a?aeooeaoe aeiaaeie,
eiee a iaeia iiaa ?icaeaaeany, ia anooiath/e a eiioaeo c ?ioeie iiaaie
na?oo”.

I?iaeaio iiaieo eiioaeo?a iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe a nioe?ie?iaa?noe/i?e
oai??? ye ia ??ai? neio?ii?? (o?aaeeoe?eiee i?aeo?ae), oae ? ia ??ai?
ae?ao?ii?? (i?aoe? TH.I.AEeoeoaiea). Iai?eeeaae, i?iaeaia iiaieo
eiioaeo?a aio?a ? neia’yi, yei? aia?oa oi?eioany a ieai? caiice/aiue
TH.I.AEeoeoaiei, noa?, ye cacia/athoue A.?.Ea?aaai ? E.A.Aa?aa,2
“iniaeeai aeooaeueiith a iao? aei?, eiee aaea aac ?aeaieia?/ieo ia?aiii
aeicaiey?oueny ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ?
oe?a?inueei? iiae, oiio ui ia aeoieo aeayeeo oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo, naia
ia?aaoaaiiy aio?a ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie noaei i?e/eiith a?aeie?aieaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iiae a?ae no?aeiineia’yinueeeo ae?aeaeo?a”.

Aanue i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ii? iaoee iiaeia oyaeoe ye
ia?ao?ae a?ae i?inoi? o?enaoe?? ie?aieo iiaeaii?aeo iniaeeainoae aei
nioe?iineoieia?/iiai ia??oiooaaiiy nai???aeiino? aeyao iiaeaii?ai?
iiaaae?iee a iaaeao ie?aii? nioe?aeueii? a?oie. No/aniee aoai ?icaeoeo
nioe?ie?iaa?noeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?aaiaiiyi aei eiiieaeniiai aiae?co
ye no?aoeo?eaoe?eieo, oae ? neooaoeaieo eiiiiiaio?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia
aeieeiaiiy iiaieo aa??aio?a. Nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iee aei?? iai?aaeaii ia
aeyaeaiiy cia/oueo ci?iieo aaee/ei ia ??cieo ??aiyo iiae o iiaeaii?
i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi c o?aooaaiiyi eiie?aoii?
neooaoe?? ni?eeoaaiiy.

Iniaeeaino? iiaeaii?ai? iiaaae?iee ie?aieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi
iiaeooue aeyaeyoeny ia an?o ??aiyo iiaii? nenoaie — eaene/iiio,
a?aiaoe/iiio, oiiaoeei-oiiieia?/iiio. I?i oea na?ae/eoue ?yae ?ica?aeie
I.A.Eanoiae?ii?, ss.I.Iaethoe, A.?.Iiaeeeiai?, A.O.Oaeoiea,
I.I.Ooia?iai?, I.I.sseiae?ai?.

Aiae?c iiaeaii?aeo aa??aio?a ia aeiiaiiio ??ai? ??oioo?oueny ia
i?eiouaii? i?i iayai?noue aeaio oei?a ia?aiao??a, ye? coiiaeththoue oaeo
aa??thaaiiy naaiaioiiai neeaaeo:

aioo??oi? (e?iaa?noe/i?) ia?aiao?e, oiaoi oiiaoe/ia ioi/aiiy, iiceoe?y
caoea a neia? ? o.i.;

ciai?oi? (aeno?ae?iaa?noe/i?) ia?aiao?e, ui ? neooaoeaii iaiaaeaieie.

Aei iaaeaaiueiai /ano a iiaiciaanoa? iaioaaea aeoiea, ui caoeia? ci?ie
a?aeaoaathoueny i?ioyaii aaaaoueio noie?oue, a o?enaoe?y oeeo ci?i i?ae
neeo eeoa ianooiiei aaia?aoe?yi. Iaeiae, ye iaaieioothoue E.?.I?ieiiiaa
? I.?.Oioeueea,1 I?ieiiiaa E.?., Oioeueea I.?. Nioe?ioiiaoe/iee ia?en
oe?a?inueeiai iiaeaiiy no/anii? iieiae? // Iiaiciaanoai. –1990. –?3.
–N.17-18.

“a 1979 ?ioe? ia 9-io eiia?an? oiiaoeno?a o Eiiaiaaaai? oeth oi/eo ci?o
aoei ni?inoiaaii, ? ia iniia? iaeiia?oeo nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeiaaaeaii, ui caoeia? ci?ie iiaeia eiaeoe “ia
eueioo”, oiaoi o i?ioean? ?o noaiiaeaiiy”.

Iaei??th c i?e/ei ci?ie iiaeyae?a oiiaoeno?a o ieoaii? caoeiaeo ci?i ?
aeieeiaiiy iiaiai iai?yio no/aniiai iiaiciaanoaa – nioe?ioiiaoeee, yea
anoaiiaeth? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae aeiiaieie e nioe?aeueieie no?oeoo?aie.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Inoaii?i /anii aaeeea oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
aea/aiith i?iaeai aa??aoeaiino? a oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiae a aeeaiio
i?e?iaeiiio iiaeaii?. I?ioa a a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeaiue iniiaia oaaaa,
ye i?aaeei, cina?aaeaeaia ia aea/aii? eaene/ieo aai a?aiaoe/ieo
iniaeeainoae nioe?ieaeoo. Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?? coiiaeaia
aaaeeea?noth aea/aiiy aeiiaieo iniaeeainoae o i?e?iaeieo oiiaao
eiioi?eaoe??, iaiao?aei?noth iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o
?iciiae?eo aeiiaieo noee?a caeaaeii a?ae nioe?aeueieo ia?aiao??a,
iaaeinoaoi?i ??aiai ?ic?iaeaiino? oe??? i?iaeaie o a?o/eciyi?e
e?iaa?noeoe?. Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? oaeiae o oiio, ui o ca’yceo
c eiioi?eaoeaiei iai?yieii ?icaeoeo no/aniiai iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano
aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaieo iiaeaeae, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue ?aaeuei? iiaeaii?a? neooaoe??. ?c caaaeueiiai
nioe?aeueiiai c??co i?iaoeueeeo oeiey??a aeey aiae?co iiaeaii?aeo
iniaeeainoae aoei aea?aii a?oio noa?oieeaniee?a, ine?eueee, ca aeaieie
ineoieia?a, naia oey a?oia ? iaea?eueoa noi?iiaaiith ? iacaeaaeiith a?ae
noi?iiiueiai aieeao.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
? /anoeiith eiiieaenii? iaoeiai? oaie “Nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ia aa??aoeai?noue
o iia? oa iiaeaii?” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? ?0198V005638; ?iaeaen
OAeE 8011; 8017), yea ?ic?iaey?oueny ia eaoaae?? i?iaoeueei? o?eieia??
N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. O iaaeao oe??? oaie
?icaeyaeathoueny oae? ieoaiiy: i?iaeaie nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ii?
aa??aoeaiino? no/anii? i?iaoeueei? iiae, neooaoeaii e iiceoe?eii
coiiaeai? aa??aioe aeiiae a ??cieo nioe?aeueieo a?oiao iiaoe?a,
i?iaeaie iiaii? ii?ie oa no?aoeo?eaoe?? noee?a aeiiae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

a ?iaio? aia?oa cae?eniaii oiiinoee?noe/iee aiae?c aa??aoeaiino?
aeiiae noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie;

aia?oa aecia/aii oeiia? iciaee iiaeaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a
i?iaoeueeeo oe?e ia aeiiaiiio ??ai? a o?ueio ??cieo neooaoe?yo
ni?eeoaaiiy;

o aeine?aeaeaii? oai?aoe/ii ia??oioiaaii e aenia?eiaioaeueii
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iayai?noue o iiaeaii? i?aaenoaaiee?a ia?aii?
nioe?aeueii? a?oie aeaio noee?a aeiiae: iiaiiai ? iaiiaiiai
(?iciiaiiai).

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia yaey? niaith
eiie?aoia ?ic?iaeaiiy oai??? nioe?ieaeoo a aaeoc? nioe?ioiiaoeee
i?iaoeueei? iiae. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiaiththoue ?nioth/?
iieiaeaiiy i?i i?yio caeaaei?noue i?ae nioe?aeueieie e e?iaa?noe/ieie
no?oeoo?aie. Aeena?oaoe?y ? iaaiei aianeii o aea/aiiy i?iaeaie
no?aoeo?eaoe?? noee?a aeiiae, a i?e aiae?cothoueny ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c
oa?aeoa?ii ?iciiae?eo aeiiaieo noee?a a ie?aii acyo?e nioe?aeuei?e
a?oi?. Aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiiaaathoue aeyaeoe i??o aieeao
e?iaa?noe/ieo ? aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ieo /eiiee?a ia aea?? iiaoeai oiai /e
?ioiai aa??aioa aeiiae.

Iaoa e caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? cae?eniaiiy
nioe?ioiiaoe/iiai aiae?co aeiiae noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie ? aea/aiiy
ei?aeyoe?e i?ae aeiiaieie aa??aioaie, neooaoe?yie ni?eeoaaiiy oa
nioe?aeueiith a?oiith. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii
?ica’ycaoe ?yae caaaeaiue ye oai?aoe/iiai, oae ? i?aeoe/iiai ieaio:

aecia/eoe iniiai? iaeeieoe? nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co;

aea/eoe aacia? iaeeieoe? nioe?ioiiaoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy;

i?iaiae?coaaoe ieoaiiy nioe?aeueii? aa??aoeaiino? iiaeaiiy;

?icaeyiooe i?iaeaio nioe?aeueii? no?aoeo?eaoe?? noee?a ? aeiiaieo noee?a
cie?aia;

i?iaanoe aiae?c oa?aeoa?ieo ?en, i?eoaiaiieo iaei?e ?c nioe?aeueieo a?oi
i?iaoeueei? iieiae?, a naia — noa?oieeanieeai i?iaoeueeeo oe?e;

anoaiiaeoe iniiai? iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiai aea/aiiy
aa??aoeaiino? aeiiae;

c?a?aoe iaiao?aeiee iiaeaii?aee iaoa??ae;

i?iaanoe eiiieaenia aea/aiiy aeiiaieo aa??aio?a, ye? ooieoe?iiothoue o
iiaeaii? noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie, a oaeiae oa?aeoa?o aca?iica’yceo
oeeo aa??aio?a ?c neooaoe?yie ni?eeoaaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeiiai? iniaeeaino? iiaeaiiy
i?iaoeueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a, ye? aeyaeythoueny ye ia ??ai? aieae?cio,
oae ? ia ??ai? eiiniiaioecio.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea? oiiinoee?noe/ia aa??aoeai?noue iiaeaiiy
noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie o o?ueio neooaoe?yo ni?eeoaaiiy.

Aea?? iaoiae?a aiae?co coiiaeaiee iinoaaeaiith a ?iaio? iaoith. Aeey
cae?aiiy, ia?iaeaiiy e aiae?co iiaeaii?aiai iaoa??aeo aoei aeei?enoaii
eiiieaen iaoiaee/ieo cania?a, aei?iaoaaieo e?iaa?noaie, ye?
aeine?aeaeoaaee nioe?aeueiee aniaeo iiae, a oaeiae oiiaoenoaie, eio??
aiae?coaaee oa?aeoa? oa iniaeeaino? caoeiai? noi?iie iaaeiooaiiai
iiaeaiiy. Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue: N.I.Aaeaeo/ee, E.I.E?en?i, E.I.Eo?/aiei,
O.Eaaia, A.Iaeioieueae, E.A.I?eieuenueeee, I.Ae.Iao?aiei, ?.E.Iioaiiaa,
I.A.?ie?e, A.Ae.Oaaeoea?, E.A.Ua?aa, a oaeiae aaeeea a?oia iaoeiaoe?a,
/e? ?ica?aeee c aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee aoee aeaeai? o ca??eao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue EAeI??I [1986; 1988; 1991] ca caaaeueiith ?aaeaeoe??th
I.I.Aeai?aeaoeueei?.

A iniiao aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei iieeaaeaii iaoiaee
nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiai aea/aiiy aa??aoeaiino? aeiiae, ?ic?iaeai? O.Eaaiaei
noiniaii aiae?enueei? iiae ? I.Ae.Iao?aiei — noiniaii aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?ieaeoo nooaeaio?a I?ia//eie: iaoiae iai?anoaiaea?oiiai ?ioa?a’th,
iaoiae “aeeth/aiiai niinoa?aaeaiiy”, iaoiae “iioaeiiai caieno”, oanoe
“naiiioe?iee”.

Iaoeiaa aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny
iayai?noth aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo (caiene 28 ?ioi?iaio?a o ??cieo
neooaoe?yo ni?eeoaaiiy), a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiyi aeey aiae?co
iiaeaii?aiai iaoa??aeo ?yaeo iaoiae?a, ye? aaea ca?aeiiaiaeoaaee naaa ye
o a?o/eciyi?e, oae ? a ca?oa?aei?e nioe?ie?iaa?noeoe?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a eaeoe?eieo eo?nao c
oai?aoe/ii? oiiaoeee, noee?noeee (?icae?e oiiinoee?noeee), i?e ?ic?iaoe?
niaoeeo?n?a ?c nioe?ie?iaa?noeee ? nioe?ioiiaoeee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o naiino?eiiio i?iaaaeaii?
eiiieaeniiai aiae?co nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ii? aa??aoeaiino? aeiiae
noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie, o aecia/aii? aeiiaieo aa??aio?a oa nooiaiy ?o
iioe?aiino? caeaaeii a?ae o?ueio neooaoe?e ni?eeoaaiiy. A ?iaio?
aeine?aeaeo?oueny any nenoaia aieae?cio ? eiiniiaioecio i?iaoeueei? iiae
a iiaeaii? ?ioi?iaio?a o o?ueio neooaoe?yo ni?eeoaaiiy: io?oe?ei?e
neooaoe??, neooaoe?? iai?anoaiaea?oiiai ?ioa?a’th ? iaio?oe?ei?e
neooaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aena?oeai? o aeiiia?aeyo ?
iia?aeiieaiiyo ia Iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (ea?oaiue 1996 ?.,
ea?oaiue 1997 ?., ea?oaiue 1998 ?.); 5-e eiioa?aioe?? Anioe?aoe??
aa?iai?no?a Oe?a?ie “Interkulturelle Germanistik bzw. interkulturelles
Lernen im ukrainischen Kontext” (Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,
26 — 28 aa?aniy 1997 ?.); 6-e eiioa?aioe?? Anioe?aoe?? aa?iai?no?a
Oe?a?ie “Sprachkompetenz, Kreativitt und aktuelle Probleme des
Fremdsprachenunterrichts” (Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, 16 — 18
aeiaoiy 1998 ?.); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiaiianeea /oaiey.
I?iaeaiu iaaeeoeueoo?iie ycueiaie eiiioieeaoeee” (?in?enueeee
oi?aa?neoao Ae?oaeae Ia?iae?a, 12 — 13 o?aaiy 1998 ?.); 4-o
I?aeia?iaeieo Iie?aaiianueeeo /eoaiiyo (Niieainueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao, 19 — 20 o?aaiy 1998 ?.); 5-e I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Neiaina?o 98” (Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, 22 — 24 aa?aniy 1998 ?.).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaoey?ii iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo
eaoaae?e i?iaoeueei? o?eieia?? N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ? ciaeoee i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy o eaeoe?eiiio eo?n? c
oai?aoe/ii? oiiaoeee, a oaeiae o niaoeeo?n? ?c nioe?ie?iaa?noeee o
N?ioa?iiieuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
12-oe iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo, na?aae ieo: 4 iaeiaeo aeo?iaee (1noaooy o
ni?aaao. c I.Ae.Iao?aiei ? Ae.I.Iao?aiei; 2 noaoo? o ni?aaao. c
Ae.I.Iao?aiei); 3 ca??ee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (2 noaoo? o ni?aaao. c
I.Ae.Iao?aiei); 4 ca??ee iaoa??ae?a ? oacen?a eiioa?aioe?e (1 noaooy o
ni?aaao. c I.Ae.Iao?aiei); 1 noaooy caaeaiiiiaaia o AeIOA Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya
?iaioe noaiiaeoue 181 noi??ieo, nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e — 18
noi??iie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e ia?aoiao? 223 aeaea?aea.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy:

1) iiaeaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie ? nioe?ieaeoii ia
oiiaoeei-oiiieia?/iiio ??ai? ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?yaeii iiceoe?eii ?
neooaoeaii coiiaeaieo iniaeeainoae i?e ?aae?caoe?? aeiiaieo aa??aio?a;

2) iayai?noue aeiiaieo aa??aio?a coiiaeaia aieeaii eiiieaeno
/eiiee?a ye e?iaa?noe/iiai, oae ? aeno?ae?iaa?noe/iiai ieaio;

3) a ??cieo neooaoe?yo ni?eeoaaiiy i?iaoeueeeo oeiey??a aoei anoaiiaeaii
aa??aioe ?aae?caoe?? naaiaioiiai neeaaeo, ye? ia o?enoaaeeny aei oeueiai
a aeaea?aeao i?iaoeueei? aeiiae.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie, aecia/a?oueny ?? aeooaeuei?noue ?
iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue, oi?ioeththoueny
iaoa, caaaeaiiy e iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, anoaiiaeth?oueny ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeeaaeathoueny no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? oa iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aiae?co i?aeoiae?a aei oeoia/aiiy noni?eueiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy iiae a no/aniiio iiaiciaanoa?. O ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny
iniiai? iai?yie nioe?ie?iaa?noeee, iaeeieoe? nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiai e
nioe?ioiiaoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny ieoaiiyi
nioe?aeueii? aa??aoeaiino? oa i?iaeai? nioe?aeueii? no?aoeo?eaoe??
noee?a.

Aei /enea iniiaieo i?iaeai ? ia’?eo?a neio?iiii? nioe?aeueii?
e?iaa?noeee a?eueo?noue iaoeiaoe?a a?aeiinyoue ianooii?: aea/aiiy
ooieoe?e iiae o noni?euenoa?; aeae?eaiiy oi?i ?nioaaiiy iiae;
a?aeie?aieaiiy noa? ni?eeoaaiiy ? oa?aeoa?enoeea oi?i ?nioaaiiy iiae,
ye? a ieo aaeeaathoueny; ooieoe?iiaeueia no?aoeo?eaoe?y iiae; aea/aiiy
iiaieo neooaoe?e; ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiae?a ? cania?a nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiai
aea/aiiy iiae, cie?aia oaeeo aeaio iai?yie?a, eiee aeine?aeiee
?ooa?oueny a?ae iiae aei nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa aai,
iaaiaee, ca iniiao aa?a no?oeoo?o noni?euenoaa ? aeae? aea/a? iiae /e
iiai? aa??aioe, ye? a iueiio ooieoe?iiothoue.

A no/ani?e nioe?ie?iaa?noeoe? I?ia//eie aeine?aeaeo?oueny aieea ia iiao
oaeeo /eiiee?a, ye a?e, noaoue, i?ioan?y, i?eiaeaaei?noue aei iaaieo
?ae?a?eieo oa iie?oe/ieo ia’?aeiaiue. E?iaa?noe, ye? caeiathoueny
i?iaeaiaie iiaii? aa??aoeaiino?, iaiaaathoueny ciaeoe a?aeiia?aeue ia
oe?eee ?yae ieoaiue: iai?eeeaae, iane?eueee ??ciiiai?oiith iiaea aooe
iiaa iaei??? ethaeeie, ? a?ae /iai caeaaeeoue aea?? o??? /e ?ioi? oi?ie
aeneiaethaaiiy; iane?eueee a?ae??ciy?oueny iiaeaiiy iaeiiai e oiai ae
?iaeea?aea ia ?iaio? ? a n?i’?; a /iio iieyaa? ??cieoey o iiaeaii?aiio
iai?i? ae?iea — ae?iea, /ieia?e — /ieia?e, aeeoeia — aaoueee, ea??aiee —
i?aeeaaeee ? o.i.

Iaei??th c oeaio?aeueieo i?iaeai nioe?ie?iaa?noeee ? i?iaeaia
nioe?aeueii coiiaeaii? aa??aoeaiino?, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iayai?noth
aeaio aei???a: no?aoeo?eaoe?eiiai ? neooaoeaiiai. No?aoeo?eaoe?eia
aa??aoeai?noue aeyaey?oueny o iiaieo ? iiaeaii?aeo ?ica?aeiinoyo, ui
aeyaeythoueny na?aae i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cieo nioe?aeueieo i?ioa?e?a oa
a?oi. Nioe?ieoeueoo?i? iio?aae a?aeiia?aeiiai iiaeaii?aiai eieaeoeao
ni?aaeythoue ae??oaeueiee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo iniaeeainoae
inoaiiueiai, a iiaa aeaii? nioe?aeueii? a?oie io?eiaea iacao
“nioe?ieaeo”.

Aeey neooaoeaii? aa??aoeaiino? aeanoeaa ia?aaaaeia aeei?enoaiiy oeo /e
?ioeo iiaieo oi?i caeaaeii a?ae nioe?aeueii? neooaoe??. Iniiaiith
iia?aoe?eiith iaeeieoeath nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co iiaii? ?
iiaeaii?ai? aa??aoeaiino? ? oae caai? “nioe?ie?iaa?noe/i? ci?ii?”, oiaoi
aoaeue-ye? iiai? ? iiaeaii?a? ei?aeyoe no?aoeo?eaoe?eii? ? neooaoeaii?
aa??aoeaiino?. sseui aiae?c no?aoeo?eaoe?eii? ? neooaoeaii?
aa??aoeaiino? i?iaiaeeoueny ia oiiaoe/iiio ??ai? iiaii? nenoaie, oi
iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue aeae?eaiiy “nioe?ioiiaoe/ieo ci?iieo”.

Ieoaiiy i?i oiiaoe/io aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th iiaeaiiy ciaeoei nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a oai??? aeiiaieo noee?a, yea ??oioo?oueny ia aeoioe?
i?i oa, ui aa??aoeai?noue aeiiae iia’ycaia c oiiaoe/ieie noeeyie.

I?e oi?ioaaii? e ?aae?caoe?? aeneiaeiaeaiiy aeyaey?oueny nai???aei?noue
iiaii? nenoaie. Iniaeeaino? iiaeaiiy ia?aaeathoueny a eiie?aoieo
iiaeaii?aeo aeoao, iia’ycaieo ?c iaoith aeneiaeaiiy, c? nai???aei?noth
iiaeaii?ai? neooaoe??, c ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noth iiaoey ? o. ?i. Oea
a?aeaeaaa?oueny ia an?o ??aiyo: neioaene/iiio, eaene/iiio ?, iniaeeai,
oiiaoe/iiio. Caeaaeii a?ae oiia ?aae?caoe?? iaeia e oa naia neiai iiaea
aooe aeiiaeaia ii-??ciiio.

No/ania oiiinoee?noeea yaey? niaith noa?o iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ui aeieeea aiane?aeie caeo/aiiy aei e?iaa?noe/iiai
aiae?co, yeee cae?enith?oueny ia noeeo oiiaoeee ? noee?noeee,
aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ieo /eiiee?a. Aiia aea/a? oiiaoe/i? i?ioeane ? yaeua c
iieyaeo ?o noee?noe/ii? niaoeeo?ee, oiaoi c o?aooaaiiyi /eiiee?a, ye?
oi?iothoue caaaeueio aeno?ae?iaa?noe/io ea?oeio naiiai aeoo
eiioi?eaoe??, ? aieeao oeeo /eiiee?a ia ?iciiae?e ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oiiaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue o iiaeaii?.

O aeai?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeo?oueny iiaeaiiy ie?aii? nioe?aeueii? a?oie a
nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiio aniaeo?, aiane?aeie /iai aieiaio oaaao i?e aiae?c?
iiaeaiiy neiioeaio?iaaii ia aieea? aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ieo /eiiee?a
(nioe?aeueiee noaoon iiaoey, eiai noaaeaiiy aei ci?noo aeneiaeaiiy,
nioe?aeuei? oiiae ni?eeoaaiiy, noinoiee i?ae iiaoeai ? neooa/ai,
??aaiue i?aeaioiaeaiino? iiaoey ? o.?i.), ye? noathoue ae??oaeueieie i?e
aeai?? oiai /e ?ioiai noeeth aeiiae.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iiaea?oueny aecia/aiiy iiiyooy “iiaia neooaoe?y”,
aiae?co?oueny i?noea oeiey??a o nioe?aeuei?e no?oeoo?? i?iaoeueeiai
noni?euenoaa e iniaeeaino? iiaeaii?ai? ae?yeueiino? a iieiae?aeiiio
na?aaeiaeu?.

Aiai?y/e i?i iiaio neooaoe?th, yea neeaeany o iei?oi?e I?ia//ei?, ia
iiaeia caaoaaoe oiai oaeoo, ui, e??i cae/iiai ?iciiae?eo i?iaoeueei?
iiae ia e?oa?aoo?iee noaiaea?o, ?iciiaio oi?io ? ?aa?iiaeuei? aa??aioe,
ana a?eueoa ?ieue o i?ioean? iiaii? eiioi?eaoe?? a?aeaiaeeoueny ??
nioe?aeueiei aa??aioai. ? yeui oiiae aeei?enoaiiy e oa?aeoa? aca?iiae??
e?oa?aoo?iiai noaiaea?oo, ?iciiaii? oi?ie ? ae?aeaeo?a iaaiith i??ith
aea/ai? e i?iaiae?ciaai?, oi i?eioeeie ooieoe?iioaaiiy nioe?ieaeo?a ?
i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anii? nioe?ie?iaa?noeee.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo ?en thiaoeueei? ineo?ee (iacaeaaeii a?ae
i?eiaeaaeiino? i?aee?oea aei iaaii? nioe?aeueii? a?oie) ? i?aaiaiiy aei
naiiae?aaeaiiy. Oeei ? iiynith?oueny iiooe aeanieo oi?i ae?aaeaiiy, aei
yeeo, ii?yae ?c iaeyaii, ca/?neaie, iaaieie aeanoaie e ?eooaeaie,
iaeaaeeoue oaeiae ? iiaa iieiae?.

THiaoeueea neiaioai?/?noue /anoi ni?eeia?oueny aei?ineeie ye niioai?aiiy
iiae. Cai?iaaaeaeoaai? i?aee?oeaie oa?i?ie i?aee?aneaii oiiai?, neiaai
aeoaea /anoi iaaea?oueny niene i?ioeeaaeiee ?oiueiio ii?iaeueiiio
cia/aiith:

Film; Der ist doch ueberhaupt nicht mehr im Film!

Im Klartext: Der weiss nicht, was passiert

Eier; steht bekanntlich fuer Geld

Brot; steht fuer Bier

Ofen; steht fuer Motorrad

Aeaye? neiaa i?aeooeiaothoueny niaoe?aeueii aeey ia?aaea/? ia?aaeeaaiue,
yeeo aei?ine? ia ciathoue, aai ae ocaaae? ia iaaeathoue ?i i?yeiai
cia/aiiy. Oey oeo?a neiaania a?a neoaeeoue oaeiae caniaii a?aeie?aieaiiy
“nai?o” a?ae “/oaeeo” oa i?aee??ieaiiy oae oaiiaaii? thiaeaie
a?eiai-a?oiiai? nie?aea?iino?:

Cannabis; der Fachausdruck fuer Marihuana

Tote Hose; Bezeichnung dafuer, dass “nichts los” ist

Torte; Bezeichnung fuer ein recht huebsches Maedchen

Tonne; steht fuer “Hundertmarkschein”

Teflon, ist ein Wort fuer Telefon

Tante, junges Maedchen

Iniaeeaino? iieiae?aeii? iiae aeyaeythoueny i?aeoe/ii ia an?o ??aiyo
iiaii? nenoaie. O oie aea /an nai oa?i?i “iieiaeue” ?c nioe?ieia?/ii?
oi/ee ci?o aeineoue iaiaeiicia/iee, aaeaea no/ania eiai ?icoi?iiy
iieyaa? a oiio, ui iieiaeue oaeiae cacia? ?icoa?oaaiiy ia ie?ai?
nioe?aeuei? a?oie, ye ? aei?inea /anoeia ianaeaiiy. Ioaea, i?e
i?iaaaeaii? e?iaa?noe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiae i?iaoeueei? iieiae?
iaiao?aeiei ? eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae: o?aooaaiiy ye a?eiaeo, oae ?
no?aoeo?eaoe?eieo ? neooaoeaieo ia?aiao??a, ui aieeaathoue ia oa?aeoa?
iiaii? eiioi?eaoe??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii iniiai? iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie
nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiai aea/aiiy aa??aoeaiino? aeiiae, a oaeiae
aeine?aeaeo?oueny oiiinoee?noe/ia aa??aoeai?noue aeiiae noa?oieeaniee?a
I?ia//eie.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nioe?aeueii-eiioi?eaoeaia nenoaia iiaeaii?aiai
eieaeoeao noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie a?eii a?ae 14 aei 18 ?ie?a. I?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue aea/aiiy ?yaeo nioe?ioiiaoe/ieo ci?iieo oa
iiooe iniaeeainoae iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo nioe?ieaeoo i?iaoeueeeo
oeiey??a ia oiiaoe/iiio ??ai?.

O aeine?aeaeaii? nioe?ieaeoo i?iaoeueeeo oeiey??a (NIO)
nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y cae?aeany ca aeiiiiiaith ?yaeo iaoiae?a c
iaoith io?eiaiiy aeaieo i?i iaei? e o? nai? ia’?eoe e?eueeiia caniaaie,
oiaoi aoei canoiniaaii eiiieaen iaoiae?a. Oaeee niin?a cae?aiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? aeicaiey? ia?aa??eoe ye?noue, aaeaeaaoi?noue oa
?ai?acaioaoeai?noue ?ioi?iaoe?? iaeaea iae?aco, ua ia ia?oiio aoai? ??
ia?iaeaiiy.

Nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i NIO cae?aeany ca aeiiiiiaith
ianooiieo iaoiae?a:

iaoiae iai?anoaiaea?oiiai ?ioa?a’th; 2) iaoiae aieaooaaiiy ye neeaaeiai?
/anoeie ?ioa?a’th; 3) iaoiae “aeeth/aiiai niinoa?aaeaiiy”; 4) iaoiae
“iioaeiiai caieno”.

O ?ie? ?ioi?iaio?a aenooieee 28 a?iiaceno?a IGS — a?iiac??
i.Aaeaeaeueaa?aa ? a?ii?c?? ?i. Ianoaeioeoe? i.Eaeioeeaa. Ioaea, aoee
i?aaenoaaeai? oeiey?? c aeaio ?aa?ii?a I?ia//eie, o iiaeaii? yeeo aoee
iii?/ai? ae?aeaeoi? aa??aioe, ye? ca??yeeny c aeaea?aeii ae?aeaeoieo
?aae?caoe?e (I.E.Oeee/aaa. “Aeeaeaeoieiaey iaiaoeeiai ycuea”.) ?
?icaeyaeaeenue ie?aii, a ia ye aeeoa?aioe?ei? iciaee nioe?ieaeoo
oeiey??a.

Oaeee eiiieaeniee aiae?c iiaeaii?aiai iaoa??aeo, caienaiiai ia iaai?oio
ie?aeo oeio BASF Ferro Standart; Philips Extra Chrome ca aeiiiiiaith
Mini Cassette Recorder RQ-L309 Panasonic, aeicaiey? i?iaiae?coaaoe
iiaeaii?ao iiaaae?ieo iiaoe?a i?e iinooiiaiio ia?aoiae? a?ae neooaoe??
iaaeiooaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy aei io?oe?eiiai, ii??aiyoe iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe ? aecia/eoe nai???aei?noue aa??aoeaiino? aeiiae ?ioi?iaio?a,
ia’?aeiaieo ae??th nioe?aeueii? iciaee (oiaoi i?eiaeaaei?noth aei iaaii?
nioe?aeueii? a?oie), o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo — noa?oieeaniee?a i?iaoeueeeo
oe?e.

Aa??aoeai?noue aeiiae i?iaoeueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a ia ??ai? aieinieo aoea
ae?aaeaia oaeei /eiii.

Iaea?eueoo aa??aoeai?noue aoei cao?eniaaii o oaeeo aieinieo:

o aeiaaiai cae?eoiai iaeaa?ae?ciaaiiai aieiniiai ia?aaeiueiai ?yaeo
na?aaeiueiai i?aeiyooy [e:] (aeea. oaae.1 ? ?en.1);

o aeeooiia?a [ai], [au] e [oy] (neooaoeaii ? iiceoe?eii coiiaeai?
?iaeaene ?aae?caoe?? oiiieia?/ii? ci?iii? [ai] iaaaaeaii ia ?en.2);

o aeiaaiai eaa?ae?ciaaiiai aieiniiai caaeiueiai ?yaeo na?aaeiueiai
i?aeiyooy [o:]:

[o:] [o] — oder — [od], Oma — [oma];

[o] — geboten — [gbotn], gesprochen — [gpRoxn];

[o()] — wohne — [vo()n], Bohne — [bo()n], ohne
— [o()n].

Iaioo e?euee?noue aa??aio?a anoaiiaeaii aeey iaeaa?ae?ciaaieo aieinieo
iecueeiai i?aeiyooy na?aaeiueiai ?yaeo [a:] ? [a], aeey iaeaa?ae?ciaaieo
aieinieo na?aaeiueiai i?aeiyooy ia?aaeiueiai ?yaeo [:] ? [], aeey
eaa?ae?ciaaieo aieinieo aenieiai i?aeiyooy caaeiueiai ?yaeo [u:] ? [u],
eaa?ae?ciaaieo aieinieo aenieiai ? na?aaeiueiai i?aeiyooy ia?aaeiueiai
?yaeo [y:], [y], [oe], [:] oa iaeaa?ae?ciaaieo aieinieo aenieiai
i?aeiyooy ia?aaeiueiai ?yaeo [i:] ? [i].

Neooaoeaii coiiaeai? aa??aioe oiiieia?/ii? ci?iii? [e:] iaaaaeai? a
oaaeeoe?1:

Oaaeeoey 1

Neooaoeaii coiiaeai? aa??aioe oiiieia?/ii? ci?iii? [e:]

o aeiia? noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie

Oiiieia?/a ci?iiaAa??aio ?aae?caoe??I?eeeaaee[e]nebenher — [nebnh],
der — [de], gehe — [ge] []gelehrt — [glt], wenig —
[vni][e:][]mehr — [m], sehr — [z][]zehn — [tsn]“0”-oi?iain der —
[in], an der — [an]Na?aaei? ?iaeaene ?aae?caoe?? ci?iii? [e:], a
oaeiae ?? aa??aio?a o iiaeaii? oeiey??a iiaeai? ia ?en.1:

Y

100 R1

80 R5

60 R2

40 R3

20

R4
O

A A N

?en. 1 Neooaoeaii ? iiceoe?eii coiiaeai? ?iaeaene ?aae?caoe??
oiiieia?/ii? ci?iii? [e:] o aeiia? noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie

R1 – [e]; R2 — [] — o a?aee?eoiio oaea?iiio ei?aiaaiio neeaae?; R3 — []
— a iaeiineeaaeiaeo i?ene?aieeao; R4 — [] — a /ene?aieeao; R5 — “0” —
oi?ia o niieo/aiiyo “i?eeiaiiee + a?oeeeue”.

Ia aa?oeeaeuei?e in? Y o i?ioeaioiiio na?aa?aeiioaii? i?aaenoaaeai?
na?aaei? ?iaeaene ?aae?caoe?? a?aeiia?aeiiai aa??aioa ci?iii? o
a?aeiioaii? aei ii?iaoeaiiai aa??aioa. ?iaeaene ?aae?caoe?? iaaiei /eiii
ei?aeththoue ?c a?aeiia?aeieie neooaoe?yie ni?eeoaaiiy, ye? a?aeeeaaeaii
ia in? X ? iicia/aii e?oa?aie A, A ? N, aea: A — neooaoe?y iaio?oe?eiiai
ni?eeoaaiiy; A — neooaoe?y iai?anoaiaea?oiiai ?ioa?a’th; N — neooaoe?y
io?oe?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

E?ea? R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 iai/ii aeaiiino?othoue ca’ycie ?iaeaeno
?aae?caoe?? c eiie?aoiith neooaoe??th ni?eeoaaiiy. Oi/ea ia?aoeio
na?aaeiuei? aaee/eie ?iaeaeno ?aae?caoe?? ci?iii? e a?aeiia?aeii?
neooaoe?? ni?eeoaaiiy ? ? ci?iiei i?aaeeii ?aae?caoe?? aeaiiai aa??aioa
ci?iii? a aeai?e neooaoe?? ni?eeoaaiiy aeey aeiiae noa?oieeaniee?a
I?ia//eie.

Ia ?en.1 cia?aaeaii cieaeaiiy na?aaei?o ?iaeaen?a ?aae?caoe?? aa??aio?a
ci?iii? i?e ia?aaoaeia? iiaeaiiy c iaaeiooaiiai ia io?oe?eia. I?e
oeueiio aeey aa??aio?a R1,R2,R3 ? R4 (iacaaaeath/e ia ??ciee a?aenioie
?aae?caoe?e) caaaeueia caeiiii??i?noue aeyaey?oueny aeineoue iai/ii:
i?eaeecii ??ai? ?iaeaene aeey ia?oeo aeaio neooaoe?e A ? A (neooaoe??
iaio?oe?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy oa iai?anoaiaea?oiiai ?ioa?a’th), ? ??cea
iaae?iiy e?eai? o i??o iaaeeaeaiiy neooaoe?? aei io?oe?eii?. Iniaeeai
iieaciaei o oeueiio a?aeiioaii? ? aa??aio R1: 100%-e ?iaeaen ?aae?caoe??
a neooaoe?yo A ? A ? iaioa 20% — a neooaoe?? N.

Aeiyoie noaiiaeoue eeoa aa??aio ?aae?caoe?? R5 — “0”-oi?ia o niieo/aiiyo
“i?eeiaiiee + a?oeeeue”. O aeaiiio aeiaaeeo ceeooy neaaeeo oi?i
niinoa??aaeiny aeineoue /anoi iaa?oue o neooaoe?? io?oe?eiiai
ni?eeoaaiiy N (na?aaei?e ?iaeaen ?aae?caoe?? aa??aioa R5 o neooaoe?? N
(/eoaiiy oaeno?a ? niene?a ne?a) aei??aith? 60%).

Oe?eaaei aeaea?oueny oie oaeo, ui o ?iaio? I.Ae.Iao?aiea,1 Iao?aiei
A.Ae. Oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey iaiaoeeiai i?ieciioaiey a nooaeai/aneie
n?aaea AAe?: Aeen… eaiae. oeeie. iaoe: 10.02.04. –E.,1986. –N.89. yeee
aeine?aeaeoaaa oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo aeiiae i?iaoeueeeo nooaeaio?a,
oaeiae cao?eniaaii aa??aio “0”-oi?ie o niieo/aiiyo “i?eeiaiiee +
a?oeeeue”. I?ioa, yeui aeey neooaoe?e iaio?oe?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy na?aaei?
?iaeaene ?aae?caoe?? aeaiiai aa??aioa o aeiia? oeiey??a ? nooaeaio?a
i?eaeecii ca?aathoueny, oi a io?oe?ei?e neooaoe?? iayai? nooo?a?
a?aei?iiino?.

Ca aeaieie I.Ae.Iao?aiea, na?aaei?e ?iaeaen ?aae?caoe?? aa??aioa
“0”-oi?ia o niieo/aiiyo “i?eeiaiiee + a?oeeeue” a io?oe?eieo oiiaao o
aeiia? nooaeaio?a 0%. A a iiaeaii? i?iaoeueeeo oeiey??a /anoioi?noue
oaeeaaiiy “0”-oi?ie o niieo/aiiyo “i?eeiaiiee + a?oeeeue” (aa??aio
?aae?caoe?? R5) iaa?oue o neoooe?? io?oe?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae /an
/eoaiiy oaeno?a oa niene?a ne?a (neooaoe?y N) aeineoue aeniea.

Aeaiee oaeo aeiaiaeeoue i?aaeeuei?noue aea?aiiai no/anieie
nioe?ie?iaa?noaie iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue: ?icaeyaeaoe iiao iieiae? ia
ye ?aeeiee nioe?ieaeo, a aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe ?? ca iieiae?aeieie a?oiaie,
ia’?aeiaieie ae??th ??cieo nioe?aeueieo iciae.

Y

100 R2

80 R3

60 R1

40

20

X

A A N

?en.2 Neooaoeaii ? iiceoe?eii coiiaeai? ?iaeaene ?aae?caoe??

oiiieia?/ii? ci?iii? [ai] o aeiia? noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie

R1 – [aj], o niieo/aiiyo “iaicia/. a?oeeeue+?iaiiee”; R2 – [a], o
i?ene?aieeao;

R3 – “0”-oi?ia, o niieo/aiiyo “i?eeiaiiee+iaicia/. a?oeeeue”.

Aa??aio R1 — [aj] iae/ano?oa cono??/aany o niieo/aiiyo “iaicia/aiee
a?oeeeue + ?iaiiee”: ein Mann — [ajman], einen Menschen — [ajnmnn],
einem Bekannten — [ajmbkantn].

O iaio?oe?eieo neooaoe?yo ni?eeoaaiiy i?e aenieiio oaii? iiaeaiiy
oe?ieiai iioe?aiiy iaaoa aa??aio R2 — [a] o i?ene?aieeao: ein bisschen —
[anbisn], eigentlich — [agntlix], irgendeine — [gntan].

*ano? aeiaaeee iiaiiai aeiaae?iiy aeeooiiaa [ai] aoee oeiiaeie aeey
neooaoe?e iaio?oe?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy ca i?i?iaeueii? oaaae aei iiaeaiiy c
aieo ?ioi?iaio?a o niieo/aiiyo “i?eeiaiiee + iaicia/. a?oeeeue”:

auf einer — [auf], in einer — [in], mit einem — [mitm].

E?ea? R1, R2, R3 ia ?en.2, ye? ca’ycothoue na?aaei? ?iaeaene ?aae?caoe??
aa??aio?a, caaaeii a?aeia?aaeathoue ea?oeio, yea aoea oa?aeoa?iith aeey
?aae?caoe?? aieinieo o aeiia? i?iaoeueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a. A?aei?ii?noue
iieyaa? eeoa o ??cieo aaee/eiao na?aaei?o ?iaeaen?a ?aae?caoe?? ie?aieo
aa??aio?a. Na?aaei? ?iaeaene ?aae?caoe?? eiaeiiai c aa??aio?a o
neooaoe?yo A ? A i?eaeecii ??ai?:

aa??aio R1 — R1A = 60%, R1B = 55%; aa??aio R2 — R2A = 95%, R2B =
95%;

aa??aio R3 — R3A = 80%, R3B = 75%.

Aeineoue aenieee na?aaei?e ?iaeaen ?aae?caoe?? aa??aioa R1 o neooaoe?? N
(/eoaiiy oaeno?a oa niene?a ne?a) R1C = 20% aeicaiey? oaa?aeeoe i?i
iayai?noue iniaeeainoae, ye? aeanoea? naia iiaeaiith i?iaoeueeeo
noa?oieeaniee?a ? aeae?eythoue ?o c ?ioeo nioe?aeueieo a?oi. Aa??aio R1,
yeee oeiey?? aaeeaathoue a io?oe?ei?e neooaoe??, ia aecia?oueny ieie
ianoaiaea?oiei.

Ci?ie aieinieo o aeiia? noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie a?aeaoaaeeny ca oaeeie
iciaeaie:

aeiaaioa / ei?ioe?noue; 2) ci?uaiiy ca ??aiai i?aeiyooy yceea (aeniea,
na?aaei? ? iecueea i?aeiyooy); 3) ci?ia ca iciaeith ?yaeo (ia?aaei?e,
na?aaei?e ? caaei?e ?yae); 4) eaa?ae?caoe?y / aeaeaa?ae?caoe?y;
5)aeeooiia?caoe?y / iiiiooiia?caoe?y; 6) iiaia aeiaae?iiy (ae?c?y)
aieiniiai.

I?e/eiaie aa??aoeaiino? noaee ye e?iaa?noe/i? /eiieee (iiceoe?eii
coiiaeaia aa??aoeai?noue), oae ? aeno?ae?iaa?noe/i? (neooaoeaii
coiiaeaia aa??aoeai?noue). Oe?eaaeie, ianaiia?aae, ? neooaoeaii
coiiaeai? aa??aioe.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe aaee/eie na?aaei?o ?iaeaen?a ?aae?caoe?? aeey eiaeiiai c
aa??aio?a oiiieia?/ieo ci?iieo o o?ueio neooaoe?yo ni?eeoaaiiy, iiaeia
c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui a neooaoe?yo io?oe?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy
noa?oieeanieee I?ia//eie iaiaaathoueny aaeeaaoe ii?iaoeai? aa??aioe
aeiiae. ?iiae? oaea i?aaiaiiy aei ii?iaoeaiino? ni?e/eiy?oueny aei
iaaeei?aeoii? aeiiae, iai?eeeaae, iiaeiaaeaiiy ei?ioeiai a?aee?eoiai
eaa?ae?ciaaiiai aieiniiai [oe][], aai neeueii? eaa?ae?caoe?? ? /anoeiai?
aeeooiia?caoe?? [o:][o(u)].

Iaea?eueoa aa??aoeai?noue oeiiaa aeey neooaoe?e iaio?oe?eiiai
ni?eeoaaiiy. Aei iniiaieo i?e/ei, ye? ni?e/eiythoue ca?eueoaiiy
aa??aoeaiino? a iaio?oe?eieo neooaoe?yo, iiaeia a?aeianoe oae?
aeno?ae?iaa?noe/i? /eiieee: 1)cieaeaiiy oaaae aei aeaniiai iiaeaiiy;
2)aenieee oaii iiaeaiiy; 3)i?aaiaiiy aei aeiiii?? iiaeaii?aeo coneeue.

Caaaeueiith iniaeea?noth ?aae?caoe?? i?iaoeueeeo aieinieo o iaio?oe?eieo
neooaoe?yo iiaeia aaaaeaoe a?aenooi?noue oaa?aeiai i?enooio ia ii/aoeo
ne?a.

Aa??aoeai?noue iiaeaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a aeyaey?oueny ia o?eueee ia ??ai?
aieinieo, a e ia ??ai? i?eaieinieo. Aanue eiiieaen /eiiee?a, ui
aieeaathoue ia aea?? iiaoeai oiai /e ?ioiai aa??aioa, iiaeia ia’?aeiaoe
ca aeaiia iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie: iiceoe?y o neia? ? nooi?iue
io?oe?eiino? neooaoe??.

Na?aae i?iaoeueeeo i?i?eaieo i?eaieinieo iaea?eueoa aa??aoeai?noue aoea
aeanoeaa ianooiiei:

ia?aaeiueiyce/iiio aeca?ieiio [d]:

[d] [n], beiden — [bajn(n)]; [d] [t], Freunden — [fRoytn],
Eindruecke — [a(i)ntRyk];

[d] “0”-oi?ia, mit den — [mit’n], mit dem — [mit’m], in der —
[in’];

caaeiueiyce/iiio aeca?ieiio [g]:

[g] [k], gebrochen — [kbRoxn], geraten — [kRatn], gesagt — [ksak(t)],
Unglueck — [unklyk], eigentlich — [ajkn(t)lix];

[g] ], tragen — [tRa], fragen — [fRa].

Iaio aa??aoeaieie aoee aoaiee aeca?ieee [b] oa an? aeoo? i?i?eai? [p],
[t] ? [k]. Ceeooy neaaeeo oi?i, ye? ciaoiaeeeeny o iaiaaieioaieo
iiceoe?yo, ni?e/eiyeiny aei noai?aiiy noyaiaieo oi?i, oiane?aeie /iai
aeiaaeaei aeae?eueea non?aei?o caoe?a, iai?eeeaae: mit den — [mit’n],
in der — [in’].

Iaeooaiiy aeca?ieeo i?eaieinieo aoei iii?/aii ia eeoa a e?ioe? neiaa, ye
oiai aeiaaathoue i?aaeea ii?iaoeaii? aeiiae, aea e iioe?eeiny a
iaio?oe?eieo neooaoe?yo ia ?io? iaiaaieioai? ae?eyiee, cie?aia ia
i?ao?en ge- ? iaiaaieioai? ei?aiaa? neeaaee, a oaeiae ? ia aeca?ieee
u?eeiiee [z] [s], yeee ciaoiaeeany a ?ioa?aieaeuei?e iiceoe??. I?ioean
iacae?caoe?? aeca?ieeo i?i?eaieo [b], [d], [g] [m], [n], [] aoei
cao?eniaaii ia?aae cae?i/aiiyi -en o iaio?oe?eieo neooaoe?yo. Iaaaaeai?
i?eeeaaee, eiia??ii, iiaeooue aenooiaoe ye aeeoa?aioe?ei? iciaee
?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy i?iaoeueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a o iaio?oe?eieo
neooaoe?yo ni?eeoaaiiy.

I?eeeaaee aiae?co ao?eeao na?ae/aoue i?i cieaeaia cao/aiiy ia?oiai
eiiiiiaioa a neooaoe?yo iaio?oe?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy aiane?aeie iineaaeaiiy
a?oeeoeyoi?iiai aia?aoa:

z — [ts], Zahl — [(t)sal], ziehen — [(t)sin], Zitrone —
[(t)sitRon];

pf — [pf], Pfanne — [(p)fan], Pferd — [(p)fet], Pflicht —
[(p)fli(t)];

tsch — [t], tschau — [(t)au], tschues — [(t)ys].

Iayai?noth aaeeei? e?eueeino? aa??aio?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeiae
?aae?caoe?y r-aeioii?a. O?ueii neooaoe?yi ni?eeoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeaei
i’youe iiceoe?e, ye? [r] caeiaa o neia?. ?c /ioe?ueio iniiaieo
aa??aio?a, ye? i?noyoue no/ani? aeine?aeaeaiiy c i?iaoeueei? oiiaoeee
([r] — Zungenspitzen, [R] — Zaepfchen, [] — Reibelaut oa aieae?ciaaiee
[]) o iiaeaii? noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie aoei cao?eniaaii o?e aa??aioe
?aae?caoe?e:

1. Caaeiueiyce/iee yce/eiaee ae?eaea/ee oaoey?iee Zaepfchen-[R] aoei
iii?/aii o aeaio iiceoe?yo — ia?aae aieinieie ia ii/aoeo neiaa aai
neeaaeo ? i?ney ei?ioeeo aieinieo: Richter — [Rit], reisen —
[Raizn], fertig — [fRti].

2. Caaeiueiyce/iee u?eeiiee aaey?iee Reibelaut [] cono??/aany o iiaeaii?
?ioi?iaio?a oaeiae o aeaio iiceoe?yo — ia?aae aieinieie ia ii/aoeo neiaa
aai neeaaeo ? i?ney ei?ioeeo aieinieo: waren — [van], geboren —
[gbon], Beruf — [buf], Berge — [bg].

Aieae?ciaaiee [] aoei ca?a?no?iaaii a oaeeo iiceoe?yo: i?ney ei?ioeeo
aieinieo (ca oiia aenieiai oaiio ? cieaeaii? oaaae aei iiaeaiiy), i?ney
aeiaaeo aieinieo, o iaiaaieioaieo i?ao?enao er-, ver-, zer-, a oaeiae o
iaiaaieioaiiio cae?i/aii? -er: fuer — [fy], wir — [vi], erzaehlen —
[tseln], Maler — [mal], Koffer — [kof].

Ia iaoa??ae? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa,
ui iaeiioe?aiei o iiaeaii? aeaii? nioe?aeueii? a?oie, ye ? acaaae? a
no/aniiio i?iaoeueeiio ?iciiaiiio iiaeaii?, ? caaeiueiyce/iee u?eeiiee
aaey?iee [].

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiththoueny ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue nioe?ieaeo noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie ia
oiiaoeei-oiiieia?/iiio ??ai? ? eiai oeiia? ?ene.

I?iaaaeaia nioe?ioiiaoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaiiino?oaaei, ui
a?aei?iiino? o aeiia? i?iaoeueeeo oeiey??a noaiiaeyoue ia a?aeoeeaiiy
a?ae aeiiaii? ii?ie, a aa??aioe ?aae?caoe??, coiiaeai?, ianaiia?aae,
aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ieie /eiieeaie iiaeaii?aiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

Iiaeaii?a? neooaoe??, ui aieeaathoue ia oiiaoe/io ea?oeio aeneiaeaiiy,
?, a naith /a?ao, neooaoe?yie, coiiaeaieie nioe?ieia?/ii. Iiaaoeue
iano?ith?oueny ia o? /e ?io? oiiae ni?eeoaaiiy ? a?aeiia?aeii
?ioo?oeaii aeei?enoiao? oae? caniae aeneiaeaiiy, ye? iaea?eueoa
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeaiei oiiaai.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeaiiy
nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co ia oiiaoeei-oiiieia?/iiio ??ai?, oiaoi c
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae aa??thaaiiy aeiiae i?aaenoaaiee?a ie?aieo
nioe?aeueieo a?oi o ??cieo neooaoe?yo ni?eeoaaiiy. No?aoeo?eaoe?eiee
iaoiae, yeee canoiniao?oueny a no/ani?e nioe?ie?iaa?noeoe?, aea?
iiaeeea?noue i?ae?eoe aei aea/aiiy iiaeaii?ai? iiaaae?iee ye aei
i?ioeano aeai?o aa??aio?a aeey iiaoaeiae nioe?aeueii ei?aeoiiai
aeneiaeaiiy. O iiaeaeueoiio ia?niaeoeaiei aaa/a?oueny aeya iaoai?cio
a?aeai?o nioe?aeueii cia/oueo aa??aio?a, anoaiiaeaiiy e?eoa???a, ye?
eaaeaoue a iniia? aeai?o, aecia/aiiy oeo nioe?aeueieo /eiiee?a, ye?
ciooothoue iaaeaaaoe ia?aaaao iaeiiio c aa??aio?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo i?aoeyo:

Iiaa /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie ye iaeeieoey nioeiieiiaainoe/iiai aeineiaeaeaiiy
// Iiaiciaanoai. – ?1. – 1999. – N.61-65. – (o ni?aaaoi?. c
I.Ae.Iao?aiei ? Ae.I.Iao?aiei).

Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe nai?a ycueiaiai iaoa?eaea (a nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneii
aniaeoa) // O/ai. cai. Neioa?ii. ain. oi-oa. – ?6(45). – N., 1998. –
N.105-110. – (a niaao. n Ae.A.Iao?aiei).

Iieiaeaaeue eae iniaay iauanoaaiiay a?oiia a nioeeaeueiie no?oeoo?a
iauanoaa Aa?iaiee e iniaaiiinoe ?a/aaie aeayoaeueiinoe a iieiaeaaeiie
n?aaea // Eoeueoo?a ia?iaeia I?e/a?iiii?uey. – ?3. – N., 1998. –
N.155-158. – (a niaao. n Ae.A.Iao?aiei).

E aii?ino eco/aiey iniaaiiinoae aic?anoiie aa?eaoeaiinoe a iaiaoeeii
ycuea // Social Sciences and Education. The American / Crimean Social
Science Journal. – ?1. – 1996. – ?.20-22.

5. Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo nioe?ieaeoo oeiey??a I?ia//eie // Aca?iiae?y
iaeeieoeue ??cieo ??ai?a aa?iainueeeo oa ?iiainueeeo iia: A?niee EAeEO.
Na?. “O?eieia?y”. Aei. 3. – E., 1997. – N.161-169.

6. Iia?oi? caiice/aiiy a i?iaoeuee?e iia? // Aoiai?oa?iee a?niee: Na?.
“?iicaiia o?eieia?y”, ? 2. * 1 (I?iaeaie no/anii? e?iaa?noeee). –
*a?eane, 1998. – N.81-86. – (o ni?aaao. c I.Ae.Iao?aiei).

Iieonoaiaea?oiia eioa?aueth a nioeeioiiaoe/aneii enneaaeiaaiee //
*aoaa?oua Iieeaaiianeea /oaiey: Na. iao/. noaoae. – Niieaine, 1998. –
*.2. – N.95-100. – (a niaao. n A.Ae.Iao?aiei).

E i?iaeaia eco/aiey nioeeieaeoa noa?oaeeannieeia Aa?iaiee //
Noaiaiianeea /oaiey: I?iae. iaaeeoeueoo?. ycueiaie eiiioieeaoeee. – I.:
Ecae-ai ?OAeI, 1998. – N.139-140. – (a niaao. n A.Ae.Iao?aiei).

Linguistische Grundlagen des DaF-Unterrichts. Zum Problem der
Variettenlinguistik // Interkulturelle Germanistik bzw. interkulturelles
Lernen im ukrainischen Kontext (5 — UDGV- Tagung). – Lwiw, 1997. –
S.19.

Sprache und Gesellschaft: Soziolinguistik // Sprachkompetenz, Kreativitt
und aktuelle Probleme des Fremdsprachenunterrichts (6 — UDGV-Tagung). –
Charkiw, 1998. – S.38-39.

Iniiai? oa?i?ie no/anii? nioe?ie?iaa?noeee // I?iaeaie oe?a?inueei?
oa?i?iieia??: Iaoa??aee 5-? I?aeia?. iaoe. eiio. “Neiaina?o 98” (A?ni.
Aea?ae. oi-oo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”). – Euea?a, 1998. – ?336. –
N.122-123.

E i?iaeaia nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey ycueiauo iniaaiiinoae
o/aueony noa?oeo eeannia aeiiacee Aa?iaiee // Neioa?ii. ain. oi-o. —
Neioa?iiieue, 1996.-5n.-Aeaeeia?.: 8 iaca. — ?on.- Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu
12.08.1996, ?1714 — Oe 96.

?na?a A.O. Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo aeiiae noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.04 — aa?iainuee? iiae. — Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aea/aiith i?iaeai iiaii? aa??aoeaiino? a
oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiae a aeeaiio i?e?iaeiiio iiaeaii?. O aeai?e
?iaio? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy oiiinoee?noe/ii? aa??aoeaiino? aeiiae
noa?oieeaniee?a I?ia//eie, oiaoi i?aeaeaii aiae?co oa?aeoa?
aca?iica’yce?a aa??aio?a iiaeaii?ai? no?oeoo?e (aa??aio?a ?aae?caoe?e
naaiaioiiai neeaaeo i?iaoeueei? iiae) c aeaiaioaie nioe?aeueii?
no?oeoo?e (nioe?aeueii? a?oie i?iaoeueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a).

Aa??aoeai?noue o iiaeaii? noa?oieeaniee?a cao?eniaaii ye ia ??ai?
aieinieo, oae ? ia ??ai? i?eaieinieo. I?ae /an aiae?co i?aeoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo aoee aecia/ai? na?aaei? ?iaeaene ?aae?caoe?? eiaeii?
oiiieia?/ii? ci?iii? oa ?? aa??aio?a aeey o?ueio oiia ni?eeoaaiiy, ui
aeaei iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe ia?ai?ii? i?aaeea ?aae?caoe?e oiiieia?/ieo
ci?iieo oa ?o aa??aio?a o nioe?ieaeo? noa?oieeaniee?a, ye? ie aaaaea?ii
ii?iith aeiiae o aeaiiio nioe?ieaeo?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aa??aoeai?noue, nioe?ieaeo, nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ia ci?iia,
nioe?ioiiaoeea, oiiieia?/ia ci?iia, noee? aeiiae, nioe?aeueia no?oeoo?a,
iiaia neooaoe?y.

Enaaa Y.O. Oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey i?ieciioaiey noa?oaeeannieeia Aa?iaiee.
— ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.04 — aa?iaineea ycuee. — Eeaaneee
oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth i?iaeai ycueiaie aa?eaoeaiinoe a
oneiaeyo ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ycuea a anoanoaaiiie ?a/e. A ianoiyuae ?aaioa
i?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea oiiinoeeenoe/aneie aa?eaoeaiinoe i?ieciioaiey
noa?oaeeannieeia Aa?iaiee, o.a. iiaeaa?aioo aiaeeco oa?aeoa?
acaeiinaycae aa?eaioia ?a/aaie no?oeoo?u (aa?eaioia ?aaeecaoeee
naaiaioiiai ninoaaa iaiaoeeiai ycuea) n yeaiaioaie nioeeaeueiie
no?oeoo?u (nioeeaeueiie a?oiiu iaiaoeeeo noa?oaeeannieeia).

?aaioa i?aaenoaaeyao niaie eiie?aoioth ?ac?aaioeo oai?ee
nioeeieaeoa a iaeanoe nioeeioiiaoeee iaiaoeeiai ycuea. ?acoeueoaou
enneaaeiaaiey aeiiieiytho nouanoaothuea iieiaeaiey i i?yiie caaeneiinoe
iaaeaeo nioeeaeueiuie e eeiaaenoe/aneeie no?oeoo?aie. Aeenna?oaoeey
aiineo ii?aaeaeaiiue aeeaae a eco/aiea i?iaeaiu no?aoeoeeaoeee noeeae
i?ieciioaiey, eco/ay aii?inu, naycaiiua n oa?aeoa?ii ?ani?aaeaeaiey
i?ieciineoaeueiuo noeeae a ioaeaeueii acyoie nioeeaeueiie a?oiia.
Auaiaeu enneaaeiaaiey iiiiaatho auyaeoue noaiaiue aeeyiey
eeiaaenoe/aneeo e yeno?aeeiaaenoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia ia auai? aiai?yuei oiai
eee eiiai i?ieciineoaeueiiai aa?eaioa.

A enneaaeiaaiee nioeeieaeoa iaiaoeeeo oeieueieeia (NIO)
nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneay eioi?iaoeey niae?aeanue n iiiiuueth ?yaea iaoiaeia
(1.iaoiae iieonoaiaea?oiiai eioa?aueth; 2.iaoiae aieaoe?iaaiey, eae
ninoaaiay /anoue eioa?aueth; 3.iaoiae “aeeth/aiiiai iaaethaeaiey”;
4.iaoiae ne?uoie caiene) n oeaeueth iieo/aiey aeaiiuo ia iaeieo e oao
aea iauaeoao iin?aaenoaii ianeieueeeo niiniaia, o.a. eiaei ianoi
i?eiaiaiea eiiieaena iaoiaeia.

Eciaiaiea aeaniuo a i?ieciioaiee noa?oaeeannieeia Aa?iaiee i?ienoiaeeei
ii neaaeothuei i?eciaeai: aeieaioa / e?aoeinoue; niauaiea ii noaiaie
iiaeuaia ycuea (aunieee, n?aaeiee e ieceee iiaeuai); eciaiaiea ii
i?eciaeo ?yaea (ia?aaeiee, n?aaeiee e caaeiee ?yae); eaaeaeecaoeey /
aeaeaaeaeecaoeey; aeeooiiaecaoeey / iiiiooiiaecaoeey; iieiia auiaaeaiea
(yeecey) aeaniiai.

I?e/eiaie aa?eaoeaiinoe auee eae eeiaaenoe/aneea oaeoi?u (iiceoeeiiii
iaoneiaeaiiay aa?eaoeaiinoue), oae e yeno?aeeiaaenoe/aneea (neooaoeaii
iaoneiaeaiiay aa?eaoeaiinoue). Eioa?an a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue i?aaenoaaeyee
neooaoeaii iaoneiaeaiiua aa?eaiou.

A oiaea aiaeeca i?aeoe/aneiai iaoa?eaea auee ii?aaeaeaiu n?aaeiea
eiaeaenu ?aaeecaoeee eaaeaeie oiiieiae/aneie ia?aiaiiie e aa aa?eaioia a
o?ao neooaoeeyo iauaiey, /oi aeaei aiciiaeiinoue auaanoe ia?aiaiiua
i?aaeea ?aaeecaoeee oiiieiae/aneeo ia?aiaiiuo e eo aa?eaioia a
nioeeieaeoa noa?oaeeannieeia, ?anniao?eaaaiua iaie a ea/anoaa ii?iu
i?ieciioaiey a aeaiiii nioeeieaeoa.

Iaeaieueoae aa?eaoeaiinoueth oa?aeoa?ecothony neooaoeee iaioeoeeaeueiiai
iauaiey. Iniiaiui i?e/eiai, aucaaaoeie iiauoaiea aa?eaoeaiinoe a
iaioeoeeaeueiuo neooaoeeyo, yaeeenue neaaeothuea yeno?aeeiaaenoe/aneea
oaeoi?u: nieaeaiea aieiaiey e nianoaaiiie ?a/e, aunieee oaii ?a/e,
no?aieaiea e yeiiiiee ?a/aauo oneeee.

Iauae iniaaiiinoueth ?aaeecaoeee iaiaoeeeo aeaniuo a iaioeoeeaeueiuo
neooaoeeyo iiaeii n/eoaoue ionoonoaea oaa?aeiai i?enooia a ia/aea neia.

Aa?eaoeaiinoue ?a/e noa?oaeeannieeia Aa?iaiee caiaoia ia oieueei ia
o?iaia aeaniuo, ii e ia o?iaia niaeaniuo. E iniiaiui iniaaiiinoyi
?aaeecaoeee niaeaniuo neaaeoao ioianoe eciaiaiey ii ianoo ia?aciaaiey
i?aa?aaeu e ii niiniao ia?aciaaiey ooia. Ioia/aii auiaaeaiea niaeaniuo,
ia?aoiae caiieeo a aeooea, oo?aoa i?eaeuoaiey o aeooeo e o.ae.

Aanue eiiieaen oaeoi?ia, aeeythueo ia auai? eioi?iaioii oiai eee eiiai
aa?eaioa, iiaeii iauaaeeieoue ii aeaoi iniiaiui ia?aiao?ai: iiceoeey a
neiaa e noaiaiue ioeoeeaeueiinoe neooaoeee.

I?iaaaeaiiia nioeeioiiaoe/aneia enneaaeiaaiea i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaei, /oi
?acee/ey a i?ieciioaiee iaiaoeeeo oeieueieeia i?aaenoaaeytho niaie, ia
iao acaeyae, ia ioeeiiaiey io i?ieciineoaeueiie ii?iu, a aa?eaiou
?aaeecaoeee, eioi?ua iaoneiaeaiu i?aaeaea anaai yeno?aeeiaaenoe/aneeie
oaeoi?aie ?a/aaiai iauaiey.

?a/aaua neooaoeee, aeeythuea ia oiiaoe/aneoth oa?aeoa?enoeeo
auneacuaaiey, yaeeenue, a naith i/a?aaeue, neooaoeeyie, iaoneiaeaiiuie
nioeeieiae/anee. Aiai?yuee iano?aeaaeny ia oa eee eiua oneiaey iauaiey
e, a niioaaonoaee n yoei, eiooeoeaii eniieuecuaae oaeea n?aaenoaa
au?aaeaiey, eioi?ua aieueoa anaai niioaaonoaiaaee aeaiiui oneiaeyi.

Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou iiaeoaa?aeaeatho aiciiaeiinoue i?iaaaeaiey
nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneiai aiaeeca ia oiiaoeei-oiiieiae/aneii o?iaia, o.a. n
o/aoii iniaaiiinoae aa?uee?iaaiey i?ieciioaiey i?aaenoaaeoaeae
ioaeaeueiuo nioeeaeueiuo a?oii a ?acee/iuo neooaoeeyo iauaiey.
No?aoeoeeaoeeiiiue iaoiae, i?eiaiyaiue a nia?aiaiiie nioeeieeiaaenoeea,
iicaieee iiaeieoe e eco/aieth ?a/aaiai iiaaaeaiey eae e i?ioeanno auai?a
aa?eaioia aeey iino?iaiey nioeeaeueii ei??aeoiiai auneacuaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aa?eaoeaiinoue, nioeeieaeo, nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneay
ia?aiaiiay, nioeeioiiaoeea, oiiieiae/aneay ia?aiaiiay, noeee
i?ieciioaiey, nioeeaeueiay no?oeoo?a, ycueiaay neooaoeey.

Isayev E.Sh. Tendencies of pronunciation development of senior
schoolchildren in Germany. — Manuscript.

Candidate’s Dissertation. Speciality 10.02.04 — German
languages. — Kyiv Taras Schevchenko University, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to studying language variability in natural
speech. The analysis of the phonostilistic variety of German senior
schoolchildren’s pronunciation was made, namely the character of
interrelations of speech variants (variants of realization of segmental
structure of the German language) and elements of social structure
(social group of German senior schoolchildren).

The variety in speech of senior schoolchildren has been registered both
at the level of vowels and at the level of consonants. Average indexes
of realization of every phonological variable and its variants in three
situations of communication ( informal communication, half-standard
interview, formal communication ) were determined.

Key words: variability, sociolect, sociolinguistic variable,
sociophonetics, phonological variable, styles of pronunciation, social
structure, language situation.

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