Технологія первинної обробки зерна соризу: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / А.К. Друзьєва, Одес. держ. акад. харч. технологій. — О., 1999. — 16 с. —

IAeANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss OA?*IAEO OAOIIEIA?E

Ae?ocue?aa Aio?na Ea?i?aia

OAeE 664.723:664.788

OAOIIEIAss IA?AEIII? IA?IAEE CA?IA NI?ECO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.18.03 — ia?aeiia ia?iaea ? caa??aaiiy i?iaeoeo?a

?ineeiieoeoaa

A a o i ? a o a ? a o ae e n a ? o a oe ? ?

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999

11

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeie aea?aeaaiie aeaaeaii? oa?/iaeo oaoiieiaie,
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Noaieaae/ Aai?a?e Ieeieaeiae/, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeaiiy oa?/iaeo
oaoiieiaie, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith oaoiieia?? aeaaaoi?ii?
i?iieneiaino?.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ii?aoi Aaeaioeia Ieaen??aia, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeaiiy oa?/iaeo
oaoiieiaie, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ca?ia;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oa?noiaeoia Aaea??e Aaeaioeiiae/, Aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai cae?eoiai oeio
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/a ia’?aeiaiiy “Iaeanueeee a?ioaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo”,
canooiiee aaia?aeueiiai aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai? ?iaioe.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa — Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, eaoaae?a oaoiieia?? oe?aa, eiiaeeoa?nueeeo,
iaea?iiieo ae?ia?a, oa?/ieiioeaio?ao?a ? ca?ia, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “17” ethoiai 2000 ?. i 10-30 aiaeei? ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.088.02 i?e Iaeanueeie
aea?aeaaiie aeaaeaii? oa?/iaeo oaoiieiaie ca aae?anith:

65039, i. Iaeana, aoe. Eaiaoia, 112.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iaeanueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeaii? oa?/iaeo oaoiieiaie ca aae?anith:

65039, i. Iaeana, aoe. Eaiaoia, 112.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee “14” n?/iy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A?ii?eiaa E.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie: Aa?a?ia iie?oeea Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai?
ni?yiiaaia ia noai?aiiy iaiao?aeieo ne?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a oa
i?iaeiaieue/iai oiiaeo ? aeey caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ianaeaiiy a i?iaeoeoao
oa?/oaaiiy. Aoaeoeaiei oeyoii aeey oeueiai ? ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
ca?ia oa noai?aiiy iiaeo eoeueoo?, ye? a eiie?aoieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo
oiiaao caeaoi? aeaaaoe noaa?eueii aenie? a?iaea? i?iaeiaieue/iai ca?ia,
i?eaeaoiiai aeey aeei?enoaiiy ca oe?eueiaei i?ecia/aiiyi.

Naia oaeith eoeueoo?ith iiaea noaoe ni?ec (ni?ai ?enica?ia) — iaeiie?oiy
?ineeia a?a?eaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy c? neeiaeaeiei aai iai?aneeiaeaeiei
ca?iii. A?i oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oe?iieie aeanoeainoyie ca?iiaiai ni?ai,
noaa?eueiith aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth, iinooino?ee?noth,
nieaaeo?eaae?noth, iaaeaaaeea?noth aei a?oio?a oa aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe
ca?ii c aenieeie niiaeea/eie yeinoyie, ni?iiiaeiiai caaeiaieueieoe
iio?aae e?oi’yii? aaeoc? Oe?a?ie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
i?iaiaeyoueny o Naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/iiio ?inoeooo? OAAI (NA?), IAeAOO oa
?ioeo onoaiiaao na?ae/aoue i?i aaeee? ia?niaeoeae oe??? eoeueoo?e.

Ia?o i?ae iaae?eoe ia ia?a?iaeo ca?ii ni?eco iiaeiii i?ieoe i?e
ia?aeii?e ia?iaoe? ?yae aaaeeeaeo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e, aieiaieie ?c
yeeo ? i/euaiiy oa noo?iiy. I?aai?caoe?y aenieiaoaeoeaiiai i?ioeano
ia?aeiii? ia?iaee oa caa??aaiiy ni?eco ia?aaeaa/a? ciaiiy eiai
aiaoiii-ii?oieia?/ieo, no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/ieo ? a?io?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae
c iaoith iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ?ic?iaee ?aaeei?a i/euaiiy oa noo?iiy, ye?
aieeaathoue ia oaoiieia?/i? ? niiaeea/? yeino?. Ia oaia??oi?e /an
a?aenooi? eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae ca?ia ni?eco ye ia’?eoo
ia?aeiii? ia?iaee. O ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ?iaioao c oaieio?ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ca?ii ni?eco ia i?aaenoaaeaii. Iaia?
ocaaaeueiaieo ?acoeueoao?a c oaoiieia?/ieo, a?a?ineii?/ieo oa aeayeeo
?ioeo eiai oa?aeoa?enoee, aaaaoi c yeeo iathoue /anoeiiee oa?aeoa?.

Oaeei /eiii, ? aeooaeueiith ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ca?ia
iiai? eoeueoo?e — ni?eco.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aiaeiiaiaea? iniiaiiio iai?yieo iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e oaoiieia??
aeaaaoi?ii? i?iieneiaino? IAeAOO — “Iaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino oaoiieia/ieo
i?ioeana a aeaaaoi?i?e i?iieneiaino“.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
oaoiieia?? ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ca?ia ni?eco, ui caaacia/o? eiai iaae?eia
caa??aaiiy, iiaeaeueoa aeei?enoaiiy ia ian?iiy ? ia?a?iaeo a oa?/ia? oa
ei?iia? i?iaeoeoe.

A ca’yceo c oeei aei caaea/ ?iaioe aoiaeeei:

— aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae (OOA) oa
oaieio?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee (OOO) ca?ia ni?eco;

— aea/aiiy a?a?ineii?/ieo aeanoeainoae a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia
caa??aaiiy;

— aea/aiiy aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo oiia caa??aaiiy ia a?io?i?/i? oa
i?e?ia?ieia?/i? ci?ie a i?ioean? caa??aaiiy ca?ia ni?eco;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae i?ioeano noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eco a
u?eueiiio oa??;

— ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eco;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy oaoiieia?? oa noaie oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia?aeiii?
ia?iaee ca?ia ni?eco;

— ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?iieneiaino? c ?aaeei?a i/euaiiy, noo?iiy oa
caa??aaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

— io?eiaii iia? aeai? c o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae ca?ia ni?eco
??ciiiai?oieo ni?o?a; aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii a?a?ineii?/i? aeanoeaino?;

— aia?oa anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? ci?ie oaieio?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
ca?ia ni?eco a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?oiuei? aieiaino? ? oaiia?aoo?e;

— aia?oa anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? e?iaoeee iaa??aaiiy oa noo?iiy ca?ia
ni?eco o u?eueiiio oa?? i?e ??ciiiai?oieo oiiaao noo?iiy;

— aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii ci?ie iieaciee?a yeino? i?iaeiaieue/iai ?
ian?ii?aiai ca?ia ni?eca a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeei?a noo?iiy;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii ?aaeeie noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eco a ca?iinooa?eao
oaooiiai oeio;

— aia?oa aecia/aii caeiiii??iino? ci?ie i?e?ioei?e ? a?io?i?/iiai
neeaaeo a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia (a?aeiinii? aieiaino? ? oaiia?aoo?e
na?aaeiaeua) oa o?eaaeino? aacia/iiai caa??aaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeai? c
o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieo oa a?aioeiiao?e/ieo aeanoeainoae iaiao?aei? aeey
aeai?o iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai niiniao i/euaiiy; io?eiai? caeaaeiino? i?ae
iniiaieie OOO ca?ia ni?eco, ?oiueith aieia?noth oa oaiia?aoo?ith
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aaeei?a
noo?iiy oa caa??aaiiy, a oaeiae aeey ?iaeaia?ieo ?ic?aooie?a i?e
i?iaeooaaii? oaieiianiiai?iieo aia?ao?a. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue
i?ioeano noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eco aeicaiey? iaa?oiooaaoe ?aoe?iiaeuei?
?aaeeie eiai noo?iiy a ??ciiiai?oieo nooa?eao. ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
c ?aaeei?a caa??aaiiy ni?eco a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aeiinii? aieiaino? oa
oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Iaa?oioiaaiii oaoiieia?/io noaio ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ca?ia ni?eco
i?iaeiaieue/iai ? ian?ii?aiai i?ecia/aiiy.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aoei ai?iaaaeaeaii ia aenia?eiaioaeuei?e aac?
“Aea/ia” Naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/iiai ?inoeoooo oa ia oe?ai?e aac? ? 73
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iae., aea aoee i/euai? oa i?inooai? aeine?aei?
ia?o?? ni?eco.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? iniaenoi i?eeiaa o/anoue
a i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue ? io?eiaii? an?o iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a,
aeacaieo a ?iaio?. Aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a iinoaiiaoe?, i?iaaaeaii?
oa ia?iaoe? aenia?eiaio?a, a oaeiae iiaeaethaaii? oa ocaaaeueiaii?
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia 56-58-?e iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo IAeAOO (i. Iaeana,
1996-1998), Ae?oa?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Oe?aii?iaeoeoe–97” (i. Iaeana, 1997), iaeani?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iooe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe o?aiaiey e ia?a?aaioee
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee” (i. Iaeana, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae a
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeth/a? anooi, iaeyae
e?oa?aoo?e, iaoiaeeeo oa i?ia?aio aeine?aeaeaiue, iien ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaio?a, ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ?aaeei?a i/euaiiy
oa noo?iiy, iniiai? aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoee. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia 197 noi??ieao,
aeeth/ath/e 34 oaaeeoeue (18 noi??iie), 26 ?enoie?a (19 noi??iie), 3
aeiaeaoee (17 noi??iie). Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
aeeth/a? 188 iaeiaioaaiue, a oiio /ene? 22 ?iicaiieo. A aeiaeaoeo
iaaaaeaii aeiaeaoeia? iaoa??aee aei ?icae?e?a (3, 5), a oiio /ene? aeoe
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, ?? ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueea
cia/aiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ?iaioe. Iieacaii, ui a iei?oi?e /an aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia aeiaaa?oueny ye
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo eoeueoo?, oae ? i?aaeeueia oa
a/ania ia?aeiia ia?iaea ca?ia, a ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaiiy yei?
i?aeaeuo?oueny ye?noue aei oaeiai ??aiy, i?e yeiio aiii iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaii ia oa?/ia?, oo?aaei?, ian?ii?a? oe?e?, aai aooe i?eaeaoiei
aeey o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?e ? iaoaioieo
iaoa??ae?a, ia i?aenoaa? yeiai aecia/aii eiie?aoi? caaea/? aeaii?
?iaioe, ??oaiiy yeeo iaiao?aeii aeey aeinyaiaiiy ?? iaoe.

Iaaaaeaii aeai? a?io?i?/iiai neeaaeo, ui aeicaieythoue aiai?eoe i?i
aenieo oa?/iao oe?ii?noue ca?ia ni?eco. Iienaii iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy
ni?eco a oa?/iaeo oe?eyo.

?icaeyiooi iiaeeea? a?io?i?/i? oa i?e?ia?ieia?/i? ci?ie a ca?i? ??cieo
eoeueoo? i?e caa??aaii?.

Iieacaii c?inoath/ee ?ioa?an aei ca?ia ni?eco, ye aei i?iaeoeoeaii?
e?oi’yii? eoeueoo?e, ui ia? aacnoii?aio ia?niaeoeao ? iia? iiaeeeaino?
na?aae o?aaeeoe?eieo — y/iaith, a?a/ee, eoeo?oaece, ?eno, i?ina oa
ni?ai.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo ni?eco ye ia’?eoa ia?aeiii?
ia?iaee, iienaii i?ia?aio, ieai, iaoiaeeeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, eaai?aoi?ia iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy e?iaoe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae i?ioeano noo?iiy oa oaieio?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ca?ia
ni?eco. Iine?aeiai?noue i?iaaaeaiiy iniiaieo aoai?a aeine?aeaeaiue
a?aeia?aaeaii ia ?en. 1.

sse ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoaee ca?ii ni?eco, ae?iuaia ia
aeine?aeieo iieyo naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/iiai ?inoeoooo: ni?o ssioa?iee
(a?iaeath 1995 ?.), ni?o Iaeanueeee 350 (a?iaeath 1996 ?.) ? ni?o Ie?ii
(a?iaeath 1997 oa 1998 ?ie?a).

Iaaaaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ii? oai???
ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo, a oaeiae iaoiaeeeo iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo oa aecia/aiiy iioeaie aei???a.

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa ?aa?an?eiee aiae?c
i?iaiaeeee ia IAII c aeei?enoaiiyi caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiaeee oa
?ic?iaeaieo ia eaoaae?? i?ia?ai.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieo, a?a?ineii?/ieo oa oaieio?ce/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ca?ia ni?eco.

Aeey o?ueio ni?o?a ni?eco (ssioa?iee, Iaeanueeee 350, Ie?ii) aecia/aii
ia’?iio iano , iano 1000 ca?ai, aonoeio , a?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae, eoo
i?e?iaeiueiai a?aeeino , eiao?oe??ioe aioo??oiueiai ? ciai?oiueiai oa?oy
niieith oa ?ooo, ?yae ?ioeo iieaciee?a (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

O?ceei-oaoiieia?/i? iieacieee ca?ia ni?eco ? ni?ai ca?iiaiai

Ni?ecNi?aissioa?ieeIaeanueeee 350Ie?iiNaoo?iAieia?noue,% 12,1 24,8
12,0 25,2 12,2 25,812,4Iana 1000 ca?ai, a 24,84 28,5 24,4
33,6 29,6 37,221,2Ia’?iia iana, ea/i3 820 735 836,5 730,8
726,7 710,8738Aonoeia, o/i3 1,25 1,14 1,25 1,21 1,24
1,191,25Eoo i?e?iaeiueiai a?aeeino, a?aae. 25 32 25
30 31 3523U?euei?noue, % 44,4 37,0 44,7 43,3 45,0
42,841Eiao?oe??ioe:– ciai?oiueiai oa?oy niieith:– ii noae? 0,344 0,445
0,268 0,364 0,367 0,3880,268– ii aoi? 0,315 0,445 0,235 0,364 0,336
0,4100,306– ii ieanoeeo 0,180 0,394 0,176 0,330 0,310 0,3680,185–
ciai?oiueiai oa?oy ?ooo 0,345 0,441 0,285 0,381 0,360 0,3790,323C
iaaaaeaieo aeaieo aeaeii, ui ca ianith 1000 ca?ai ? ?o aonoeiith ni?ec
iaaeeaea?oueny aei ni?ai. Iaeiae, aeine?aeaeai? c?acee ni?eco iathoue
a?eueoo ia’?iio iano o ii??aiyii? c ca?iiaei ni?ai. C i?aeaeuaiiyi
aieiaino? aonoeia oa ia’?iia iana aieiaiai ca?ia ciaioothoueny.

C iaoith aeai?o iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai niiniao i/euaiiy aecia/aii
?ici??i? oa?aeoa?enoeee (e?i?ei? ?ici??e), iiae?euei?noue ca?iiai? iane,
a oaeiae ?? o?aeoe?eiee neeaae.

?ici??e ca?ia ni?eco neeaaeathoue a aeiaaeeio 3,8…5,2 ii, oe?eio —
3,6…4,3 ii oa oiaueio — 2,1…3,1 ii. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aei???a
iiaoaeiaaii a?noia?aie ?iciiae?eo ca?ia ca aeiaaeeiith, oe?eiith oa
oiaueiith.

Aiae?c o?aeoe?eiiai neeaaeo ca?ia ni?eco i?aaenoaaeaiiai a aeaeyae?
aeeoa?aioe?eieo a?noia?ai, aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui aeey aeae?eaiiy
aeii?oie c iniiaii? iane ca?ia ni?eco ne?ae aeae?aoe neoa a naia?aoi?ao
c e?oaeeie ioai?aie a ae?aiacii? a?ae 2 ii aei 6 ii, a oaeiae neoa c
i?yiieooieie ioai?aie — ?ici??aie 1,720, 2,020, 2,220 oa 3,020 ii.

??aiiaaaeio aieia?noue ? aecia/aee oaiciiao?e/iei iaoiaeii i?e
a?aeiini?e aieiaino? iia?o?y =55 ? 75 % oa oaiia?aoo?? iia?o?y t=5; 15
oa 25 N. Aeinyaiaiiy ca?iii ni?eco ??aiiaaaeii? aieiaino? iaaaaeaii ia
?en. 2. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ii caieiaeaiith ca?ia ni?eco
ai?ieneioaaee ae?acii aeaeo =/(a+b). sse?noue ai?ieneiaoe?? caeaaeiino?
=f() ioe?ithaaee ca na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iei a?aeoeeaiiyi S. Ca
icia/aieie ai?ieneiaoe?eieie ae?acaie iiaeia i?iaiicoaaoe aieia?noue
ca?ia ni?eco, a oaeiae aecia/aoe o?eaae?noue eiai aacia/iiai caa??aaiiy.
Ocaaaeueiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeaii o oaae. 2.

?en. 2. Oaeaee?noue ni?aoe?? aieiae ca?iii ni?eco i?e caa??aaii?

a ??cieo oiiaao

Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aaeei?a oaieiianiiai?iieo i?ioean?a,
ui i?io?eathoue i?e iaa??aaii?, noo?ii? oa ioieiaeaeaii? ca?ia ni?eco
iaie aecia/aii oaieii?ia?aei? oa oaiei?ia?oe?ei? aeanoeaino?, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ieoiiith oaiei?ii?noth n, eiao?oe??ioaie
oaiia?aoo?ii?ia?aeiino? a, oaieii?ia?aeiino? oa oaieiai? aeoeaiino? , a
oaeiae caeiiii??iinoyie ?o ci?ie a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e
=4,2…35,4 N oa aieiaino? =12,0…26,2 % ca?ia ni?eco.

Oaaeeoey 2

A?a?ineii?/i? aeanoeaino? ca?ia ni?eco

Oiiae aeine?ae?a?,?,Eiao?oe??ioeS,, %,
N%ae?a.ab%2512,74120,41880,11340,0870551512,91140,38700,17860,0963513,08
190,33860,23840,07042513,77150,57750,38350,1070751513,94190,62040,42100,
1086514,10230,52780,48540,1089An? ?ic?aooiee ii ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, ca’ycaieo c ai?ieneiaoe??th aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo,
ia/eneaiiyie cia/aiue OOO (n, a, , ) ni?eco, ?aa?an?eiee aiae?c oa
noaoenoe/io ioe?ieo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ia ia?niiaeuei?e
AII.

Oae, aoei io?eiaii ocaaaeueiai? aii??e/i? caeaaeiino? OOO a?ae icia/aieo
ci?i aieiaino? oa oaiia?aoo?e ca?ia ni?eco aeaeo:

n=1152,3+47,45 +5,76, Aeae/(eaE); (1)

a109=88,7+0,65 , i2/c; (2)

=0,103+0,003+0,0004, Ao/(iE); (3)

=257,4+19,54+1,08 0,312, Aeae/(i2En0,5). (4)

??aiyiiy (1 – 4) aaeaeaaoii iienothoue aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? a
icia/aiiio ae?aiacii? ci?ie aieiaino? ca?ia ni?eco. Oa?aeoa? aieeao
aieiaino? oa oaiia?aoo?e ni?eco ia eiai OOO iai/ii aeaeii c ?cie?i?e
(?en. 3), iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia? io?eiaieo ??aiyiue.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui ieoiia oaiei?ii?noue n ?
eiao?oe??io oaieii?ia?aeiino? iathoue e?i?eio caeaaei?noue a?ae
aieiaino? oa oaiia?aoo?e ni?eco, a eiao?oe??io oaieiai? aeoeaiino?
iaaiaee — iae?i?eio. Eiao?oe??io aea oaiia?aoo?ii?ia?aeiino? a e?i?eii
caeaaeeoue eeoa a?ae aieiaino? ni?eco. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i
ni?aaaaeeea?noue i?eioeeio aaeeoeaiino? a ?ic?aooieo OOO eeoa aeey
eiao?oe??ioo oaiia?aoo?ii?ia?aeiino? a. ?io? OOO o?aaa ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ca
aeaiia?aiao?e/ieie ??aiyiiyie (1 – 4).

Aeey aecia/aiiy oa?i?io aacia/iiai caa??aaiiy i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy
ci?i i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai oa a?io?i?/iiai neeaaeo ca?ia ni?eco a
caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aeiinii? aieiaino? (=55 ? 75 %) ? oaiia?aoo?e (t=5,
15 oa 25 N) iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

?acoeueoaoe i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai aiae?co iieacaee, ui an? i?eeiyo? oiiae
caa??aaiiy ni?eyee iie?ioaiith nai?oa?iiai noaio ca?ia ni?eco. Iaeiae,
aiie ii-??ciiio aieeaaee ia eiai aaeoa??aeueio oa a?eaio i?e?ioei?o.
?icaeoie aaeoa??e aoaeoeaii no?eioaaany i?e an?o aa??aioao a?aeiinii?
aieiaino? oa oaiia?aoo?e na?aaeiaeua, a i?e?ii?oeao?a — o?eueee i?e 5 N
i?e iaio cia/aiiyo a?aeiinii? aieiaino? na?aaeiaeua. Oiio i?e aeai??
?aaeeio caa??aaiiy ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe neeaae ? e?euee?noue i?e?ioei?e
ii/aoeiaiai ca?ia c oei, uia ia aeiioneaoe ?icaeoie ie?naiae caa??aaiiy,
na?aae yeeo iiaeooue aooe oieneiiooai?thth/? aeaee.

Oa?/iaa ? a?ieia?/ia oe?ii?noue ca?iiaeo i?iaeoeo?a a cia/i?e i???
caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ca?ia ia?aae caa??aaiiyi, a oaeiae
eiai oiia (aieiaino? oa oaiia?aoo?e). Oiio, ie??i i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaie aoei i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?i a?io?i?/iiai
neeaaeo ca?ia, ui caa??aaeinue i?e ??cieo a?aeiini?e aieiaino?
na?aaeiaeua (=55 ? 75 %) oa oaiia?aoo?? (t=5; 15 ? 25 N). sse eiio?ieue
aeei?enoaee ca?ii, ui caa??aaeinue i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo??.

A ca’yceo c oei, ui aieia?noue c?ace?a ca?ia ni?eco aoea ??ciith, aeey
aeyaeaiiy iaiao?aeieo caeaaeiinoae ianiao /anoeo neeaaeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a,
ui aecia/aee, ia?a?aoiaoaaee ia nooo ?a/iaeio.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ? a?aeiinii? aieiaino?
na?aaeiaeua i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aeoeaiino? a?io?i?/ieo
i?ioean?a oa /anoeiai? aeano?oeoe?? iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ca?ia
(e?ioiaeth oa i?ioa?io), i?aeaeuaiiy ianiai? /anoee ?aaeooee?oth/eo
naoa??a oa ai?iiiai acioo ca ?aooiie a?ae?ie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee ?aaeei?a noo?iiy
ca?ia ni?eco a oaooieo ca?iinooa?eao ??cieo oei?a.

Ia iniia? aiae?co niinia?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iieno e?iaoeee noo?iiy ca?ia
anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey oeueiai iae/ano?oa canoiniaothoueny ??aiyiiy Eeeiaa
A.A. oa O?eiiaiei A.E. Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano noo?iiy
ca?ia ni?eco aoei anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue eiao?oe?aioa noo?iiy E oa
o??ueioaaoino? ca?ia ni?eco a?ae eiai ii/aoeiai? aieiaino? 0 ?
oaiia?aoo?e nooeeueiiai aaaioo t. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue
i?iaiicoaaoe o?eaae?noue noo?iiy ca?ia oa eiai ye?noue ye e?oi’yii?
eoeueoo?e a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeacaieo aeua oaeoi??a 0 oa t.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? ca?aeii ieaio oa iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea aea/aia
e?iaoeea noo?iiy ni?eco i?e ??ciiiai?oieo ia?aiao?ao i?ioeano a oiiaao,
aeecueeeo aei i?iieneiaeo ca?iinooa?ie. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeee a u?eueiiio oa??, ia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio noaiae?, ui
caaacia/o? ci?io oaeaeeino? nooeeueiiai aaaioo a iaaeao 0,1…5 i/n oa
eiai oaiia?aoo?e t = 40…100 N.

sse oaeoi?e, ui aecia/athoue e?iaoeeo noo?iiy ? iaa??aaiiy aoee aea?ai?
ii/aoeiaa aieia?noue 0 ? oaiia?aoo?a ca?ia ni?eco oa oaiia?aoo?a
nooeeueiiai aaaioo t. Cia/aiiy oiaueie ca?iiaiai oa?o aoei i?eeiyoa
h=0,1 i, a oaeaee?noue nooeeueiiai aaaioo v=0,3 i/n, ui a?aeiia?aea?
oiiaai noo?iiy o oaooieo ca?iinooa?eao (iai?eeeaae, oeio AeNI) c
ae?aaiiaeueiei ?icoaooaaiiyi ei?ia?a. Ae?aiaciie ci?ie oaeoi??a 0, oa t
aea?ai? c ?aaeueieo oiia.

C iaoith nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino? aeine?ae?a oa i?aeaeuaiiy a??ia?aeiino?
?acoeueoao?a, ?o i?iaiaeeee ca ieaiii iiaiiai oaeoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo
IOA-22. Aeey ioe?iee cia/eiino? aieeao eaaae?aoe/ieo aoaeo?a a eiaei?e
na??? aoei iai?/aii aeiaeaoeiaee aeine?ae a oeaio?? aenia?eiaioo,
o?ee?aoia aeoaethaaiiy yeiai caaacia/eei oaeiae ioe?ieo aeenia?n??
iioeaee aeine?aeo S2y. Iien e?iaoeee noo?iiy i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii
i?eaaaeaii? oaeaeeino? noo?iiy c aeei?enoaiiyi ??aiyiiy A.E.O?eiiaiei,
ui aeiaaa? ia i?aenoaa? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aiiy
ianooiieo aaee/ei — oaeaeeino? noo?iiy o ia?oiio ia??iae? N, e?eoe/ii?
e? oa ??aiiaaaeii? ? aieiaino? ni?eco, eiao?oe??io?a A oa , a oaeiae
iieacieea nooiaiy m.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? ia?iaee aeine?aeieo aeaieo aoei i?iaaaeaii
ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a niiniaii ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co oa
io?eiaii ??aiyiiy ?aa?an?? aeey an?o e?iaoe/ieo eiao?oe??io?a a
eiaeiaaieo ci?iieo:

N = 0,81909+0,29571×1+0,15896×2+0,26379×3+0,121460756x1x3+

+0,08871x2x3; (5)

A = 26,3414 + 11,613578×1  + 2,1260×3 ; (6)

 = 0,003560 – 0,0001296×2 + 0,0003779×3 + 0,0004926x1x3; (7)

ep=23,74 + 5,89×1 + 0,97×3; (8)

aea x1, x2 oa o3 — eiaeiaai? cia/aiiy oaeoi??a 0, oa t.

Ia?ao?ae a?ae iaoo?aeueieo aei eiaeiaaieo cia/aiue oaeoi??a
cae?enith?oueny ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie:

x1=(0 – 27)/8; x2= ( – 15)/10; x3=(t – 80)/15. (9)

Aeey c?o/iino? a i?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaii? aoei io?eiaii oaeiae
aiaeia?/i? ??aiyiiy a iaoo?aeueieo ci?iieo. Noaoenoe/ia ioe?iea
iieacaea, ui io?eiai? ??aiyiiy c iaae?ei?noth 95 % aaeaeaaoii iienothoue
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? oa iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ?ic?aooieo
o?eaaeino? noo?iiy ni?eco i?e ??ciiiai?oieo ?aaeeiao noo?iiy.

Ie??i e?iaoeee noo?iiy a oeeo aea na??yo aeine?ae?a aea/aee
caeiiii??iino? iaa??aaiiy ca?ia ni?eco a i?ioean? eiai noo?iiy o
u?eueiiio oa??, oa?aeoa?iiio aeey oaooieo ca?iinooa?ie. Aeey
caeaaeoaaiiy io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ii iaa??aaiith ca?ia oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy caeiiii??iinoae e?iaoeee aoea i?iaaaeaia ai?ieneiaoe?y
e?eaeo iaa??aaiiy ??aiyiiyi

= 0 + / (A + A) (10)

?ic?aooiie eiao?oe??io?a A ? B a icia/aiiio ??aiyii? aoei i?iaaaeaii
iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a c iiia?aaei?i ae??aithaaiiyi
(e?iaa?ecaoe??th) e?eaeo iaa??aaiiy, ui caaacia/eei iaiao?aeio oi/i?noue
ia/eneaiue.

Aeae? aoei ocaaaeueiaii aeai? c e?iaoeee iaa??aaiiy ? io?eiaii ??aiyiiy
?aa?an?? aeey caeaaeiinoae eiao?oe??io?a A e A a?ae oaeoi??a 0, oa t
ianooiiiai aeaeo

A, A = b0+b10 +b2+b3t+b120 +b130 t+b23 t (11)

I?e oeueiio io?eiaii oaeiae ianooii? ??aiyiiy a eiaeiaaieo ci?iieo:

A=0,15461+0,076894o1+0,010447o2–0,038091o3–0,035216o1o3; (12)

B= 0,02683–0,0021937o1+0,0060205o2–0,0080015o3–0,0032985o2o3. (13)

aea x1, x2 oa o3 — eiaeiaai? cia/aiiy oaeoi??a 0, oa t.

Ni?eueiee aiae?c e?eaeo iaa??aaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ca?ia ni?eco oa
iieaciee?a eiai yeino? (o??ueioaaoino?) aeicaieea aecia/eoe
a?aie/ii-aeiionoeio oaiia?aoo?o iaa??aaiiy. Aeey caa?aaeaiiy yeino?
i?iaeiaieue/iai ca?ia oaiia?aoo?a iaa??aaiiy ca?ia ia iiaeiia
ia?aaeuoaaoe 45 N. Oea iiaea aooe caaacia/aii i?e oaiia?aoo??
nooeeueiiai aaaioo aei 100 N. I?e noo?ii? ian?ii?aiai ca?ia ni?eco
oaiia?aoo?a nooeeueiiai aaaioo ia iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe 80 N, a
iaa??aaiiy ca?ia a caeaaeiino? a?ae ii/aoeiai? aieiaino? — ia aeua
35…40 N.

Ca?aeii caaaeueiei i?eioeeiai ?ic?aooieo ca?iinooa?ie aeey aecia/aiiy
?aaeei?a noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eca aoei neeaaeaii noaoe/io iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue nooeeueii? ciie ca?iinooa?ee, yea aeicaiey? aeey caaeaii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? nooa?ee aecia/eoe e?euee?noue aeia?aii? aieiae,
iaiao?aeio aeey oeueiai e?euee?noue oaieioe, nooeeueiiai aaaioo aai
iia?o?y, iaeeaa oiui. Iaaeae? aoei ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?
ae?th/eo oaooieo ca?iinooa?ie (E4-ON2A, NCO-16) aeey aecia/aiiy ?o
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a i?e noo?ii? ca?ia ni?eco.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo i?yiioi/iiai i?ioeano noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eca a
oiiaao nooa?ee E4-ON2A i?e ??cieo ia?aiao?ao ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y
iieacaee, ui i?e i?aeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e c 5 aei 20 N ieoii? aeo?aoe
iaeeaa nieaeothoueny c 15 aei 12,3 ea/ie.o, oiaoi ia 18 %. I?e oeueiio
oa?i?/iee e.e.ae. ca?iinooa?ee i?aeaeuo?oueny c 42,2 aei 51,3 %, oiaoi
ia 17,7 %. Cieaeaiiy aeo?ao oiiaiiai iaeeaa oa e.e.ae. i?aeoe/ii ia
caeaaeaoue a?ae a?aeiinii? aieiaino? ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y, a
aecia/athoueny o?eueee ci?iith eiai oaiia?aoo?e.

C iaoith ?ic?iaee aia?aiiuaaeii? oaoiieia?? noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eco neeaee
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ?aoee?eoeyoe?eiiai niiniao noo?iiy ni?eco a
ca?iinooa?oe? E4-ON2A. Aeey ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ?aoee?eoethth/iai
ca?ia oa eiai noi?o? c ne?ei iaoaiaoe/iee iien oaieiai? iiaeae? ciie
nooa?ee aeiiiaieee ??aiyiiyie ci?ooaaiiy ne?iai oa ?aoee?eoethth/iai
ca?ia, a oaeiae aaeainiaeie ??aiyiiyie ca’yceo ia?aiao??a ca?ia ?
nooeeueiiai aaaioo oa iia?o?y ia aoiae? oa aeoiae? ?c ciie nooa?ee.
?aae?caoe?th iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? oaooii? ca?iinooa?ee E4-ON2A
i?iaiaeeee ca ?ic?iaeaieie iaie i?ia?aiaie.

sse ? aeey i?yiioi/ii? ca?iinooa?ee, i?e /anoeiaiio iiaa?iaii?
a?aei?aoeueiaaieo nooeeueiiai aaaioo ? ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y a oiieo aeey
iiaoi?iiai aeei?enoaiiy ?o oaieioe, ieoii? aeo?aoe iaeeaa oa e.e.ae. i?e
?aoee?eoeyoe?eiiio noo?ii? i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeaoue a?ae a?aeiinii?
aieiaino? iia?o?y. Cieaeaiiy aeo?ao oiiaiiai iaeeaa neeaaea? i?e ??cieo
aa??aioao iiaa?iaiiy:

1) c ciie ioieiaeaeaiiy — c 14,2 aei 12,2 ea/ie.o aai 14,1 %;

2) c ae?oai? ciie noo?iiy — c 11,4 aei 10,0 aai 12,3;

3) c ae?oai? ciie noo?iiy oa ciie ioieiaeaeaiiy — c 10,8 aei 9,9 ea/ie.o
aai 8,3 %.

I?e oeueiio /anoea iiaa?iaieo ia iiaoi?ia aeei?enoaiiy a?aei?aoeueiaaieo
nooeeueiiai aaaioo aai iia?o?y neeaaea? aeecueei 50 %, a oa?i?/iee
e.e.ae. ca?iinooa?ee E4-ON2A i?aeaeuo?oueny aei 51,6; 63,2 oa 63,7 %
a?aeiia?aeii aeey eiaeiiai aa??aioo.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c no?oeoo?ii?, oi?aa?naeueii? oa
i?eioeei?aeueii? noaie ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ca?ia ni?eco i?iaeiaieue/iai oa
ian?ii?aiai i?ecia/aiiy. Ia iniia? oeueiai aoei iaa?oioiaaii oaoiieia?th
ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ca?ia ni?eco ??ciiai i?ecia/aiiy oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
oaoiieia?/io noaio aeey ?? ?aae?caoe??.

Ca?aeii cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia?? oa oaoiieia?/ii? noaie aeey io?eiaiiy
ca?ia ni?eco, yea a?aeiia?aea? aaceniei eiiaeeoe?yi, eiai iaiao?aeii
i?aeaeaaaoe iiia?aaei?e oa ia?aeii?e i/enooe? ia iia?o?yii-neoiaeo
ca?iii/enieo iaoeiao. Iiia?aaei? i/euaiiy i?iaiaeyoue ia
ai?ioii/euoaa/ao aeey aeeo/aiiy e?oiieo /anoie eenoe?a, noaae?a ?
a?ei/ie. Ia?aeiio i/enoeo i?iaiaeyoue ia a?a?ia?aeoeaio?iaeo
naia?aoi?ao. I?ioiaeii c aa?oiueiai ? na?aaeiueiai i?aen?aieo neo (2,220
? 2,2…3,020 ii) aeeo/athoue ae??ai? aeii?oee oa uoie? ca?ia ni?eco,
i?ioiaeii ni?ooaaeueiiai (5,5…6,0 ii) — i/euaia ca?ii, a noiaeii c
oeueiai neoa — e?oii? aeii?oee. A ani??aoe?eieo eaiaeao aeeo/athoue
eaae? aeii?oee. A ?ac? iayaiino? aaaeeiaeeo/oaaieo ni?oieo aeii?oie a
ca?i? ni?eco, eiai iai?aaeythoue ia iiaoi?ia i/euaiiy ia naia?aoi?ao c
oaeeie neoaie: ni?ooaaeueia — ae?aiao?ii 4,5…5,5 ii; i?aen?aia — c
i?iaeiaaoaaoeie ioai?aie ?ici??aie 1,720 ii oa 2,0…2,220 ii. I?e
iaiao?aeiino? iia?aoe?? noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eco ?? i?iaiaeyoue ia
ca?iinooa?eao E4-ON2A, NCO-16, oeio AeNI aai iiae?aieo aei ieo i?e
aeacaieo aeua ?aaeeiao a?aeiia?aeii aei oe?eueiaiai i?ecia/aiiy ni?eco.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo i?i ci?io aaeoa??eii? ? a?eaii? i?e?ioei?e, a oaeiae
a?io?i?/iiai neeaaeo ca?ia ni?eco aoei ?aeiiaiaeiaaii ?aoe?iiaeuei?
oiiae eiai caa??aaiiy, ye? caaacia/othoue oi?ioo i?iaeiaieue/o oa
ian?ii?ao ye?noue ca?ia — oea oaiia?aoo?a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
5…15 N i?e a?aeiini?e aieiaino? ia aeua 55 %.

Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ?aaeei?a i/enoee ?
noo?iiy i?iaeiaieue/iai oa ian?ii?aiai ca?ia. O ae?iaie/eo oiiaao aoei
i/euaii oa i?inooaii aeine?aei? ia?o?? ca?ia ni?eco oa aecia/aii ?yae
iieaciee?a yeino?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiai i?iaeiaieue/? oa ian?ii?a?
aeanoeaino?. I/euaia oa i?inooaia ca?ii ni?eco a?aeiia?aeaei ii?iaoeaiei
aeiiaai — AeNO 11229-89 (Oaoi?/i? oiiae).

Ia caeeth/iiio aoai? ?iaioe ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaie/eo
ai?iaaaeaeaiue aoei ?ic?aoiaaii aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaieo ?aaeei?a, yeee i?aeoaa?aeea aoaeoeai?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue
?aeiiaiaeiaaii? oaoiieia?? ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ca?ia ni?eco.

AENIIAEE

1. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo ? ii?iaoeaii? aeieoiaioaoe?? iieaco?, ui
aeey iiai? eoeueoo?e — ni?eco a?aenooiy oaoiieia?y ia?aeiii? ia?iaee, ui
ia aeicaiey? i?iaanoe eiai i/euaiiy, noo?iiy, ye? caaania/othoue
iaae?eia caa??aaiiy ? iine?aeiaio ia?a?iaeo ca oe?eaaei i?ecia/aiiyi, a
oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy ia ian?iiy.

2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca ie?aieie o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieie iieacieeaie ca?ii
ni?eco iiae?aia aei ca?ia ?eno (iana 1000 ca?ai, aonoeia, oiaueia), aei
ni?ai (oaeaee?noue caaaeaiiy oa eoo i?e?iaeiiai a?aeeino), aei ni?ai oa
a?a/ee (aeiaaeeia ? oe?eia).

3. A e?oi?o oiiaao caa??aaiiy (i?e a?aeiini?e aieiaino? iia?o?y
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua a na?aaeiueiio 75 %) ? ceii?o (i?e a?aeiini?e
aieiaino? iia?o?y a na?aaeiueiio 55 %) noai ??aiiaaae ca?ia ni?eco ca
aieia?noth aeinyaa?oueny a?aeiia?aeii ia 15…23 ? ia 12…19 aeiae.

4. Aeey ?ic?aooieo oaieio?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ca?ia ni?eco a ae?aiacii?
aieiaino? 12,2…26,1 % oa oaiia?aoo?e 5…35 N ?aeiiaiaeiaaiii
caeaaei?no? (1–4).

5. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai ? a?io?i?/iiai aiae?co
anoaiiaeaii, ui an? i?eeiyo? oiiae caa?aaeaiiy ia i?ecaiaeyoue aei
iia??oaiiy nai?oa?iiai noaio oa ao?ao oe?iieo eiiiiiaio?a ca?ia ni?eco.

6. Noi?niee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano
noo?iiy a oaooieo ca?iinooa?eao oa aeaiieo ii ci?i? i?e oeueiio yeino?
ca?ia ni?eco aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui noo?iiy aeioeieueii i?iaiaeeoe
iacaeaaeii a?ae ii/aoeiai? aieiaino? i?e oaiia?aoo?? nooeeueiiai aaaioo
ia aeua 100 N, ia aeiioneath/e i?e oeueiio iaa??aaiiy ca?ia iiiaae 45 N.
I?e noo?ii? ian?ii?aiai ca?ia ni?eco oaiia?aoo?a nooeeueiiai aaaioo ia
iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe 80 N, a iaa??aaiiy ca?ia a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ii/aoeiai? aieiaino? — ia aeua 35…40 N. Aeo?aoe nooeeueiiai aaaioo oa
ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y a ciiao ca?iinooa?ie iiaeii? aooe cieaeai? o
ii??aiyii? c ianii?oieie aei cia/aiue, ye? caaacia/othoue oaeaee?noue
a?aei?aoeueiaaieo nooeeueiiai aaaioo oa iia?o?y ia a?eueoa 5,0 i/n.

7. Aeey iie?ioaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe oaooieo
ca?iinooa?ie (oeio E4-ON2A oa ?i.) noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eco aeioe?eueii
i?iaiaeeoe n iiaa?iaiiyi aeecueei 50 % a?aei?aoeueiaaieo nooeeueiiai
aaaioo aai iia?o?y. I?e oeueiio cieaeaiiy aeo?ao oiiaiiai iaeeaa
neeaaea? 8,3…14,1 %, i?aeaeuo?oueny oa?i?/iee e.e.ae. ca?iinooa?ie aei
51,6…63,7 %, a oaeiae c?inoa? aeieia?/i?noue noo?iiy.

8. Ia iniia? aiae?co o?aeoe?eiiai neeaaeo ca?ia anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey
caaacia/aiiy aacenieo eiiaeeoe?e ni?eco eiai iaiao?aeii i?aeaeaaaoe
i/euaiith a e?eueea aoaiia i?e oaeeo ?aaeeiao: iiia?aaei? i/euaiiy ia
ai?ioii/euoaa/ao aeey a?aeie?aieaiiy ai?ioo ? /anoeiai e?oiieo aeii?oie;
ia?aeii? i/euaiiy ia a?a?ia?aeoeaio?iaeo naia?aoi?ao. I?ioiaeii c
aa?oiueiai ? na?aaeiueiai i?aen?aieo neo (2,220 ? 2,2…3,020 ii)
aeeo/athoue ae??ai? aeii?oee oa uoie? ca?ia ni?eco, i?ioiaeii
ni?ooaaeueiiai (5,5…6,0 ii) — i/euaiia ca?ii, a noiaeii c oeueiai neoa
— e?oii? aeii?oee. I?e aaaeeiaeeo/oaaieo ni?oieo aeii?oeao a ca?i?
ni?eco, eiai iai?aaeythoue ia iiaoi?ia i/euaiiy ia naia?aoi?ao c oaeeie
neoaie: ni?ooaaeueia — ae?aiao?ii 4,5…5,5 ii; i?aen?ai? — c
i?iaeiaaoaaoeie ioai?aie ?ici??aie 1,720 ii oa 2,0…2,220 ii.

9. Aeine?aeaeaiiy e?euee?noii-ye?niiai neeaaeo i?e?ioei?e ? a?io?i?/ieo
ci?i ca?ia ni?eco iieacaee, ui e?aueie aeey caa??aaiiy i?ioyaii 12
i?nyoe?a aeyaeeeny oiiae — oaiia?aoo?a caa??aaiiy 5…15 N, a?aeiinia
aieia?noue na?aaeiaeua ia iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe 55 %.

10. ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ca?ia ni?eco i?iaeiaieue/iai
oa ian?ii?aiai i?ecia/aiiy. I?iaaaeaia i?iieneiaa ai?iaaoe?y ?ic?iaeaieo
?aaeei?a i/euaiiy iieacaea a?aeiia?aei?noue i/euaiiai ni?eco ?nioth/?e
ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/i?e aeieoiaioaoe??. Ia?aa??ea ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo ?aaeei?a
noo?iiy i?aeoaa?aeeea cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ia noo?iiy ia 8,5 %, ui neeaaea?
1,17 a?i. ia 1 ie.o. i?inooaiiai ca?ia ni?eco i?iaeiaieue/iai
i?ecia/aiiy.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? ianooii? ?iaioe:

1. Enneaaeiaaiea oaoiieiae/aneeo naienoa ni?eca ni?oia “ssioa?iue” e
“Iaeanneee-350” / A.E. Ae?ocueaaa, A.E. Iaoiaiei, E.E. Ianyiieeiaa, A.A.
Aa?i // I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo oa niiaeeaaiiy oe?aii?iaeoeo?a.
– Iaeana: IAeAOO. – 1997. – N. 63-65.

2. Ni?ec — ia?niaeoeaia e?oi’yia eoeueoo?a / A.E. Ae?aiethe, A.I.
Noaieaae/, E.E. Ianyiieeiaa, A.I. Aeooei, A.E. Ae?ocue?aa //
Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo ? ?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoiieia?e aeey oa?/iai? oa
ca?iiia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?. – Iaeana: IAeAOO. – 1997. – Aei. 17. –
N. 915.

3. O?ceei-oaoiieia?/i? oa oaieio?ce/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ni?eca / A.E.
Ae?ocue?aa, A.I. Noaieaae/, A.?. Iaoiaiei, E.E. Ianyiieeiaa //
Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo ? ?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoiieia?e aeey oa?/iai? oa
ca?iiia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?. – Iaeana: IAeAOO. – 1998. – Aei. 18. – N.
48–49.

4. Ae?ocue?aa A.E. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ia?aeii? ia?iaee iiai?
e?oi’yii? eoeueoo?e — ni?eca // Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo ? ?ic?iaea
iiaeo oaoiieia?e aeey oa?/iai? oa ca?iiia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?. –
Iaeana: IAeAOO. – 1999. – Aei. 19. – N. 27–30.

5. Ni?ec — iiaay e?oiyiay eoeueoo?a aeey Oe?aeiu / A.E. Ae?aiethe, A.I.
Noaieaae/, E.E. Ianyiieeiaa, A.E. Ae?ocueaaa // Iooe iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe o?aiaiey e ia?a?aaioee naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee.
– Iaeanna: IOeIOYE. – 1999. – N. 40–44.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ae?ocue?aa A. E. Oaoiieia?y ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ca?ia ni?eco. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeueiinoth 05.18.03 — ia?aeiia ia?iaea ? caa??aaiiy i?iaeoeo?a
?ineeiieoeoaa. — Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e,
Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieo,
a?a?ineii?/ieo, a?io?i?/ieo ? i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae, a oaeiae
oaieio?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ca?ia ni?eco ye ia’?eoa noo?iiy oa
caa??aaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii ?aaeeie noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eco aeey ??ciiiai?oieo
i?eeaae?a ? oiia noo?iiy. Io?eiaii iaoaiaoe/iee iien caeiiii??iinoae
noo?iiy ca?ia ni?eco aeey ci?iieo ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a. ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
?aaeeie ii i/euaiith ? caa??aaiith ca?ia ni?eco. I?iieneiaa ai?iaaoe?y
i?aeoaa?aeeea aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ni?ec, i/euaiiy, noo?iiy, caa??aaiiy, iiaeaethaaiiy,
?aaeeie.

THE SUMMARY

Druzieva A.K. Technology of primary processing of Soriz grain. —
Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
engineering science on a speciality 05.18.03 — primary processing and
storage of plant products. — The Odessa State Academy of Food
Technologies, Odessa, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to research problems of physical, technological,
hygroscopic, biochemical and microbiological properties and also heat
engineering performances of soriz grain. The drying modes of soriz grain
for various devices and conditions have been developed. The mathematical
description of regularity drying of soriz grain for variable regime
parameters have been obtained. The modes on clearing and storage of
soriz grain have been offered. The industrial approvement has confirmed
economical effectiveness of the results of the work.

Key word: soriz, clearing, drying, storage, simulation, modes.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ae?ocueaaa A.E. Oaoiieiaey ia?ae/iie ia?aaioee ca?ia ni?eca. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.03 — ia?ae/iay ia?aaioea e o?aiaiea i?iaeoeoia
?anoaieaaiaenoaa. — Iaeanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey ieuaauo
oaoiieiaee, Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai enneaaeiaaiey oeceei-oaoiieiae/aneeo,
aea?ineiie/aneeo, aeioeie/aneeo e iee?iaeieiae/aneeo naienoa, a oaeaea
oaieioece/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee ca?ia ni?eca eae iauaeoa nooee e o?aiaiey.
?ac?aaioaiu ?aaeeiu nooee ca?ia ni?eca aeey ?acee/iuo ono?ienoa e
oneiaee nooee. Iieo/aii iaoaiaoe/aneia iienaiea caeiiiia?iinoe nooee
ca?ia ni?eca aeey ia?aiaiiuo ?aaeeiiuo ia?aiao?ia. ?aeiiaiaeiaaiu
?aaeeiu ii i/enoea e o?aiaieth ca?ia ni?eca.

Ii ioaeaeueiui oeceei-oaoiieiae/aneei iieacaoaeyi ca?ii ni?eca aeecei e
ca?io ?ena (ianna 1000 ca?ai e eo ieioiinoue, oieueia); e ni?ai
(nei?inoue aeoaiey e oaie anoanoaaiiiai ioeina); e ni?ai e a?a/eoa
(aeeeia e oe?eia).

A eaoieo oneiaeyo o?aiaiey (i?e ioiineoaeueiie aeaaeiinoe ie?oaeathuaai
aicaeooa a n?aaeiai 75 % ) e ceiieo (i?e ioiineoaeueiie aeaaeiinoe
aicaeooa a n?aaeiai 55 %) ninoiyiea ?aaiiaaney ca?iii ni?eca
aeinoeaaaony niioaaonoaaiii ia 15…23 e 12…19 nooee.

Aeey ?an/aoa oaieioece/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee a aeeaiaciia eciaiaiey
aeaaeiinoe 12,2…26,1 % e oaiia?aoo?u 5…35 N ?aeiiaiaeothony
caaeneiinoe (1…4).

Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca o?aeoeeiiiiai ninoaaa ca?ia onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeey
iieo/aiey ca?ia ni?eca, niioaaonoaothuaai aaceniui eiiaeeoeeyi, aai
iaiaoiaeeii iiaeaa?aaoue i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie e ia?ae/iie i/enoea ia
aicaeooii-neoiauo ca?iii/enoeoaeueiuo iaoeiao.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueioth i/enoeo iiaeii i?iaiaeeoue ia ai?ioii/enoeoaeyo n
ioaeaeaieai e?oiiuo eenoueaa, noaaeae e aaoi/ae. Ia?ae/ioth i/enoeo
oeaeaniia?acii i?iaiaeeoue ia aea?ioeaio?iaaaeiuo naia?aoi?ao. I?ioiaeii
n aa?oiaai e n?aaeiaai iiaenaaiuo neo (2,220 e 2,2…3,020 ii)
ecaeaeatho iaeeea i?eiane e uoieua ca?ia ni?eca, i?ioiaeii
ni?oe?iai/iiai (5,5…6,0 ii) — i/euaiiia ca?ii, a noiaeii n yoiai neoa
— e?oiiua i?eiane. I?e iaee/ee o?oaeiiioaeaeeiie ni?iie i?eiane a ca?ia
ni?eca, aai iai?aaeytho ia iiaoi?ioth i/enoeo a naia?aoi?ao ni
neaaeothueie neoaie: ni?oe?iai/iui — n e?oaeuie ioaa?noeyie neo
aeeaiao?ii 4,5…5,5 ii; iiaenaaiuie — n i?iaeieaiaaouie ioaa?noeyie neo
?acia?aie 1,720 ii e 2,0…2,220 ii.

Eiiieaeniia e yenia?eiaioaeueiia iiaeaee?iaaiea eeiaoeee nooee
ii?aaeaeeei, /oi nooeo aeaaeiiai e nu?iai ca?ia ni?eca
i?iaeiaieuenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey iaiaoiaeeii i?iaiaeeoue i?e oaiia?aoo?a
nooeeueiiai aaaioa ia auoa 100 N, ia aeiioneay i?e yoii iaa?aaa ca?ia
nauoa 45 N. I?e nooea naiaiiiai ca?ia oaiia?aoo?a nooeeueiiai aaaioa ia
aeieaeia i?aauoaoue 80 N, a iaa?aa ca?ia a caaeneiinoe io ia/aeueiie
aeaaeiinoe — ia auoa 35…40 N.

Aeey oeo/oaiey oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo iieacaoaeae ?aaiou ca?iinooeeie
oeia E4-ON2A (nieaeaiey oaeaeueiuo cao?ao oiieeaa, iiauoaiey
oa?ie/aneiai e.i.ae. e o.ae.) nooeo ca?ia ni?eca oeaeaniia?acii
i?iaiaeeoue n /anoe/iie ?aoee?eoeyoeeae io?aaioaiiuo nooeeueiiai aaaioa
e aicaeooa. ?anoiaeu nooeeueiiai aaaioa e ia?oaeiiai aicaeooa a ciiao
ca?iinooeeie aeieaeiu auoue nieaeaiu ii n?aaiaieth n ianii?oiuie aei
cia/aiee, iaania/eaathueo nei?inoue io?aaioaiiuo nooeeueiiai aaaioa e
aicaeooa ia aieaa 5,0 i/n.

Enneaaeiaaiey eiee/anoaaiii-ea/anoaaiiiai ninoaaa iee?ioei?u e
aeioeie/aneeo eciaiaiee ca?ia ni?eca iieacaee, /oi eo/oeie aeey o?aiaiey
yaeythony oaeea oneiaey: oaiia?aoo?a o?aiaiey 5…15 N i?e
ioiineoaeueiie aeaaeiinoe n?aaeu ia auoa 55 %.

Ia caeeth/eoaeueiii yoaia ?aaiou aue iiaen/eoai yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo io
aiaae?aiey ?ac?aaioaiiuo ?aaeeiia, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuee yooaeoeaiinoue e
oeaeaniia?aciinoue ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiie oaoiieiaee ia?ae/iie ia?aaioee ca?ia
ni?eca.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ni?ec, i/enoea, nooea, o?aiaiea, iiaeaee?iaaiea,
?aaeeiu.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 12.01.2000 ?. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Iae.-aeae. a?e.
1,0.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? 4. Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e.

65039, i. Iaeana, aoe. Eaiaoia, 112.

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