Технологічні прийоми поліпшення якості молозива і молока та їх вплив на ріст і збереження телят: Автореф. дис… канд. с.-г. наук / О.А. Пацеля, Білоц

A?EIOeA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Iaoeaey Ieaa Aiae??eiae/

OAeE 636.2.084.11:637.1/123.05

OAOIIEIA?*I? I?EEIIE IIE?IOAIIss ssEINO? IIEICEAA ? IIEIEA OA ?O AIEEA
IA ??NO ? CAA?AAEAIIss OAEssO

03.00.20 — a?ioaoiieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

A?ea Oea?eaa — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

Aaei?i ?aaai ?aaiiae/, A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee

aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e e?oiiiai

oaa?eiieoeoaa.Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e Aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ieo
iaoe ?O,

I?e?oaiei Aiaoie?e Iaoiae?eiae/, A?eioea?e?anueeee

aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ciia?a??ie oa
iniia aaoa?eia???;

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

*a?iaiei ?a?na Ieoaee?aia, Oiainueea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aeaaeai?y,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e oaa?eiieoeoaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
?inoeooo, I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie, i.A?iieoey.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 30 ” /a?aiy 1999?. i 11 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 27.821.01 a
A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?: 256400, i.A?ea
Oea?eaa Ee?anueei? iaeano?, Niai?ia ieiua 8/1, aoaeeoi??y
_22

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? A?eioea?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:256400, i.A?ea Oea?eaa
Ee?anueei? iaeano?, Niai?ia ieiua, 8/1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
?iciooi?e I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?nioth/? niiniae oo?eiaiiy ? aiae?ae?
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo iieiceaii ? iieieii iiee ui ia aeicaieythoue
?noioii cieceoe na?aae ieo e?euee?noue caoai?thaaiue ? iaae?ae, cia/iith
i??ith /a?ac oa, ui i?e aiae?ae? ia a?aoiao?oueny ye?noue iieiceaa,
eio?a aeiith?oueny oaeyoai. E??i oiai, ie?ai? aeaiaioe oaoiieia??
oo?eiaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo, a oaeiae ?yae ieoaiue iie?ioaiiy
yeino? iieiceaa, iiee ui caeeoathony noia?a/eeaeie ? iio?aaothoue
aeiaeaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaaeineiiaeith ? ? oaoiieia?y oo?eiaiiy
nooino?eieo ei??a ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaeo iaeaeai/eeao o e?oith ii?o. A
ciioaoi?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? iaeaea iiai?noth a?aenooi? a?aeiiino? uiaei
aieeao iaoiae?a oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a ia ye?noue ?o iieiceaa ?
iieiea i?ney ioaeaiiy, a oaeiae ia iieacieee ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaeyo.
Aeeneon?eieie ? ieoaiiy iie?ioaiiy yeino? iieiea ? iieiceaa oeyoii
aianaiiy a ieo ??cieo aeiaaaie oa ?o aieeao ia ??no, caei?ia’y,
o?c?ieia?/iee noai ? no?ee?noue oaeyo aei caoai?thaaiue.

A?aenooi?noue iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiae?a iie?ioaiiy yeino?
iieiceaa ? iieiea, a oaeiae aeoiea, i?i oa, ui iaoo?aeueia iieiceai ?
iieiei ia iiaeia c?iaeoe e?auei, no?eio? iia? iiaeeeaino? i?aeaeuaiiy
caa?aaeaiino? oa ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo iieiaeiyeo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiaeeeeny i?ioyaii 1989-1998
??. a?aeiia?aeii aei ?icae?e?a ianooiieo ieaiiaeo oai:

?08211-11 INA?I Oe?a?ie -“?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo
oaoiieia?e aiae?ae?, oo?eiaiiy ? aei?iiy aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ei??a o
ceiiaee oa e?oi?e ia??iaee ?ieo aeey eiiia?aoeaieo oa oa?ia?nueeeo
ainiiaea?noa.” 1992-1995??., ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 019U042481;

?2/841-97 I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie -“Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea
i?iaeoo aia?aicaa??aath/i? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa aenieiye?niiai
?aioaaaeueiiai iieiea i?e ia?ainiauaii? oa?i”.1998 ?., ?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197U018183.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noaei
aea/aiiy neeaaeo ? ?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a iie?ioaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai
iieiceaa ? iieiea ca ?aooiie aianaiiy a ieo ??cieo aeiaaaie, a oaeiae ca
?aooiie oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a.

Aeoiaey/e c iaoe ?iaioe, aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aea/eoe ye?noue iieiceaa ? iieiea io?eiaiiai a?ae ei??a, eio??
oo?eioaaeeny ia i?ea’yc? o i?ei?uaii? ? aaci?ea’ycii ia
aeaoeueii-ei?iiaiio iaeaeai/eeo c ciiaie aiae?ae?, a?aeii/eieo ?
ei?iiaei noieii;

— aea/eoe aieea ia iinoiaoaeueiee ??no, ?icaeoie ? caei?ia’y oaeyo
iieiceaa ? iieiea ??cii? yeino?;

— ?ic?iaeoe niiniae iioei?caoe?? ??ai?a aonoeie ? eeneioiino? iieiceaa
aeey iie?auaiiy ?inoo ? caei?ia’y i?eieiaeo;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee, eio?? ciaioothoue aaeoa??aeueio caa?oaeiai?noue
iieiceaa oa i?aeaeuothoue a iueiio ai?no a?oai?i?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii,
ui ia ye?noue ? neeaae iieiceaa ?noioii aieeaathoue oiiae oo?eiaiiy
ei??a o nooino?eiee ia??iae. O naith /a?ao aeiaaaeaii, ui aeii?ioth/ee
aieea ia caei?ia’y oa caa?aaeai?noue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo o iiaeaeueo?
a?eia? ia??iaee ni?aaey? ye?noue iieiceaa, iniaeeai aeaei?iiai o ia?oee
aeaiue i?ney ioaeaiiy.

Oaeiae anoaiiaeaii ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii, ui iani?eyoeea? oiiae
oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a-iaoa??a iaioa aieeaathoue ia caei?ia’y ?
??no iaeaooiueiai i?eieiaeo a aia??iiaeueiee ia??iae, i?ae ye?noue
iieiceaa.

O aeine?aeao ia oaeyoao c’yniaai? iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e aonoeie ?
eeneioiino? iieiceaa, iaea?aeaiiai o ia?oee ? ianooii? aei? i?ney
ioaeaiiy. Iaa?oioiaai? ? ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ii?iae?caoe?? iaoo?aeueiiai
iieiceaa ca aeacaieie iieacieeaie, a oaeiae iie?ioaiiy yeino? iieiceaa
ca D-a?oai?iiith iaaeinoaoi?noth oa aaeoa??aeueiei ian?iai?iiyi.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?iaioe
aecia/a? aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue, yea aeinyaa?oueny /a?ac
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ie?aieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o ae?iaieoeoai.

Oae, aaci?ea’ycia oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a ia oaeineiiaeaieo ?
i?iiiiiaaieo aeaoeueii-ei?iiaeo iaeaeai/eeao i?ney ioaeaiiy oaa?ei
iie?ioo? ye?noue iieiceaa, ui a naith /a?ao ni?ey? caa?aaeaiith oaeyo,
i?aeaeuo? ?o ??no ? ?icaeoie.

Iaa?oioiaaia a aeine?aeao iaoiaeeea aianaiiy a iaye?nia iieiceai niaee,
?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, a oaeiae eiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy OO i?iiaiyie, ni?ey?
iie?auaiith caei?ia’y, ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaeyo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iiaeaiee a aeena?oaoe?? iaoa??ae ?
?acoeueoaoii aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a. O iaaaaeaieo ?acoeueoaoao
aeine?aeaeaiue iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa noaiiaeoue aeecueei 90%.
Caeiaoaa/ naiino?eii oi?ioaaa aeine?aei? ? eiio?ieuei? a?oie oaa?ei,
i?iaiaeea aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? iieiceaa ? iieiea, aiae?coaaa oa ocaaaeueithaaa ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoeiaa a?iioaca iai?yieo oaie
aeine?aeaeaiue iaeaaeeoue iaoeiaiio ea??aieeo i?ioani?o ?.?.Aaei?io.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue:

ia Ananithci?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 140-??/ieoe?
Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo “I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy caoiae?a ai?ioueae c oai?iaaie oaa?ei a oiiaao
i?iieneiaiai oaa?eiieoeoaa oa ae??aiioaa?eiieo ainiiaea?noa’’ (Oa?e?a,
1991 ?);

ia iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ?ioaineo?eaoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea” (I?inuee, 1991 ?);

ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “A/ai?
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo —
ae?iaieoeoao” (A?ea Oea?eaa, 1994 ?);

ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 75-??//th
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo
(A?ea Oea?eaa, 1995 ?);

ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “A?ae?iaeaeaiiy
oaa?eiieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?” (A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998 ?);

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeai? a 5 iioae?eiaaieo noaooyo, 4 c yeeo — iaeiiin?ai?.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? oae? ?icae?ee:
anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, caaaeueia iaoiaeeea ? iniiai? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiaee, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae,
aeiaeioee. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia 130 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
?ethno?iaaia 51 oaaeeoeath oa 7 ?enoieaie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
aeeth/a? 328 ?ia?o, c ieo 50 — ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

CAAAEUeIA IAOIAeEEA ? INIIAI? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia iiei/i?e oa?i? /i?ii-?yai? ooaeiae o ia??iae
1989-1998 ?ie?a o INAO “Onoei?anueea” Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?aeiio
Ee?anueei? iaeano?.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? caaaeaiue aoei
i?iaaaeaii i’youe iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeeo aeine?ae?a, noaia yeeo
iaaaaeaia a oaaeeoe? 1.

Aeey aeiai?o ei??a ? oaeyo a aiaeia?/i? a?oie ? aeeiiaiiy eiaeiiai
aeine?aeo aoa aeei?enoaiee caaaeueiii?eeiyoee ciioaoi?/iee iaoiae a?oi.

Oaa?ei eiaeii? a?oie aeine?aeo aiaeoaaee ca ?aoe?iiaie, iaeiaeiaeie ca
??aiai ? iiaeeai?noth, a?aeiia?aeii aei ?nioth/eo iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo
ii?i.

O ia??iae ioaeaiiy ei??a i?iaiaeeee o?iiiiao?aaei? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
ia?aa?aii ?iae?a, a i?ney ioaeaiiy aecia/aee e?euee?ni? ? ye?ni?
iieacieee iieiceaa ? iieiea.

I?e oeueiio iieiceai aeey aiae?co a?aeae?aee, a?aoiaoth/e aaee/eio
?aciaeo oa aeiaiaeo oaei?a uiaeaiii i?ioyaii 3-o aei?a, a oaeiae
aeeth/ath/e 10-e ? 19-e oaei?.

O?eaae?noue e ?ioaineai?noue aeaeithaaiiy iieiceaa ? iieiea aecia/aee,
aeei?enoiaoth/e eiaoiaee e?/eeueiee oa OCI — 1.

Aecia/aee oae? ye?ni? iieacieee iieiceaa ? iieiea:

-i?ioeaio iiei/iiai aee?o — eeneioiei iaoiaeii ca Aa?aa?ii;

-aonoeio — i?eiiiao?ii, a?aiiao?ii ? eaeoiaeaineiao?ii;

-i?ioeaio NCIC — ia i?eeaae? AI-2;

-i?ioeaio nooi? ?a/iaeie — ca I.A.Eoaaiaaei, I.A.Aa?aaaiueeiaei;

-eeneioi?noue — ia i?eeaae? ?I 222,2 ? ca Oa?ia?ii;

Oaaeeoey 1 — Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a

?

aeine?aeo? a?oie ? e?euee?noue oaa?ei

Iniaeeaino? oo?eiaiiy ? aiae?ae? oaa?eiCaeaaei?noue ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo
oaee/ie a?ae niiniao oo?eiaiiy ei??a

o nooino?eiee ia??iae1 (n=15)Nooino?ei? ei?iae a oiiaao i?ea’yciiai
oo?eiaiiy

o i?ei?uaii?Iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaee/ie aiaeoaaee iieiceaii ? iieieii:1.1
(n=10)a?ae nai?o ei??a-iaoa??a 1 a?oie11.2 (n=5)a?ae
ei??a-aiaeoaaeueieoeue 2 a?oie2 (n=15)Nooino?ei? ei?iae a oiiaao
aaci?ea’yciiai oo?eiaiiy ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaiio
iaeaeai/eeoIiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaee/ie aiaeoaaee iieiceaii ? iieieii:2.2
(n=5)a?ae ei??a-aiaeoaaeueieoeue 1 a?oie2.1 (n=10)a?ae nai?o
ei??a-iaoa??a 2 a?oieAieea eeneioiino? ? aonoeie ia?oiai iieiceaa,
caiaeiaaiiai

oaeyoai, ia ?o ??no ? caa?aaeaiiy1 (n=15)Eeneioi?noue a iaaeao 45-50°O,
aonoeia a iaaeao 52-58°A2 (n=15)Eeneioi?noue iiiaae 50°O, aonoeia iiiaae
58°A23 (n=15)Eeneioi?oue iiiaae 50°O, aonoeia iiiaae 58°A+aeiaeaaaee a
iieiceai niaeo aei eeneioiino? 45-50°O4 (n=15)Eeneioi?noue iiiaae 50°O,
aonoeia iiiaae 58°A+aeiaeaaaee a iieiceai I2I aei eeneioiino?
45-50°O??no oaeyo-aeeciyo ? aea?eiyo i?e ?o aiae?ae?

ii?ii?iaiei OO i?iiaiyie iieiceaii31 (n=5)Iieiceai ii?ii?iaiith ia
i?aeaeaaaee2 (n=5)Iieiceai ii?ii?iaiith i?aeaeaaaee 3 ?ace ia aeaiue
i?ioyaii 5 ae?a??no oaeyo-aeeciyo ? aea?eiyo i?e ?o aiae?ae?

iieiceaii c aeiaeaaaiiyi ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a41 (n=3)Iieiceai iaoo?aeueia2
(n=3)Iieiceai c aeiaeaaaiiyi ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?aAieea ianoa?eciaaiiai iieiea
ia ??no

oaeyo-aeeciyo ? aea?eiyo51 (n=3)Oaeyoa niiaeeaaee iaoo?aeueia iieiei2
(n=3)Oaeyoa niiaeeaaee ianoa?eciaaia iieiei

-i?ioeaio a?eea — ia i?eeaae? AI-2, ia?aa??yth/e iaoiaeaie oi?iieueiei ?
Iaoo?iioei;

-i?ioeaio ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a — ca iaoiaeeeith, cai?iiiiiaaiith
A.?.Eaa/aieii, A.I.Cay?itheii;

-?ici?? i?oeae eaca?io iieiceaa ? iieiea — ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiiiai
i?e?ineiia;

-e?euee?noue niiaoe/ieo ee?oei o iieioe? — i?eeaaeii NIIAOAN.

I?ioyaii i?io?eaeoi?iiai ia??iaeo o oaeyo uiaeaiii ?a?no?oaaee aeiaaeee
caoai?thaaiue oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo ? ee?i?/i? iieacieee.

AEeao iano aecia/aee caaaeoaaiiyi, a na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no — ca
cacia/aieie ia??iaeaie.

A?iiao?e/ia ia?iaea iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeeany ca
aeiiiiiaith ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a ca i?ia?aiith “I?e?inoa”.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Caeaaei?noue ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaee/ie a?ae niiniao oo?eiaiiy ei??a o
nooino?eiee ia??iae (aeine?ae 1)

O i?ei?uaii?, aea oo?eioaaee nooino?eieo ei??a 1-? a?oie, a ie?ai? aei?
oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y aeinyaaea 29°N i?e a?aeiini?e aieiaino? 84%, a ai?no
NH4 noaiiaea 9,7 ia/i3.

Ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaeo iaeaeai/eeao, aea oo?eioaaee ei??a 2 a?oie, oe?
ia?aiao?e aoee cia/ii e?aueie. Oaa?eie oe??? a?oie ia iaeaeai/eeo ca
aeiao i?ioiaeeee oeyo aeecueei 2,5 ei.

Aeai? aiae?co e?ia? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui o ei??a iaio a?oi aoee ?noioi?
?ica?aeiino? iieaciee?a, aea nooino?ei? ei?iae ae?oai? a?oie
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny a?io?i?/ieie iieacieeaie e?ia?, ye? aoee aeeae/a aei
ii?ie.

Ioaeaiiy ei??a iaio a?oi a?aeaoaaeeny o iieiaiaiio i?ei?uaii? o no?ee?
ia i?ea’yc?. Iaea?eueo aia?a?ei?, iao?eaae? iieiae aoee o ei??a 2-?
a?oie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui neaae? ia?aeie /ano?oa niinoa??aaeeny o ei??a 1-?
a?oie (33%) ? ??aeoa — 2-? a?oie (6%), a neeuei? — a?aei?/aeeny a?eueoa
o ei??a 2-? a?oie (26%) ? iaioa — 1-? a?oie(6%). Aeo?ae iine?aeo i?ney
ioaeaiiy o ei??a 1-? a?oie a?aeaoaaany /a?ac 4,5 0,2, a o 2-? — 3,4 0,2
aiaeeie.

Aei?iiy ei??a o ?iaeeeueiiio a?aeae?eaii? aoei o?e?aciaa: ia?oa — i 6
aiae ?aieo, ae?oaa — i 13 aiae, o?ao? — i 18 aiae. Ioaea ?ioa?aaee i?ae
aei?iiyie a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeee 12-7-5 aiaeei.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? ?iaioe aoei aea/aii, ye ??ci? niiniae oo?eiaiiy ei??a a
nooino?eiee ia??iae aieeaaee ia ye?ni? iieacieee iieiceaa (oaae. 2, 3).

C oaaeeoeue 2 oa 3 aeaeii, ui aonoeia iieiceaa a iaio a?oiao ei??a
iaooeeueii cieaeoaaeany ii i??? oiai, ye ca?eueooaaany /an, yeee ieioa
a?ae aeiy ioaeaiiy. O ia?oiio i?ney ioaeaiiy ?aciaiio oaei? aonoeia
iieiceaa a iaio a?oiao ei??a aoea i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaith. Ii/eiath/e c
3-ai oaeith, aonoeia iieiceaa ei??a 2-? a?oie ii/aea ??cei iaaeaoe ? ia
7-a aei?iiy iaaeeaeaeany aei ??aiy iieiea.

Oaaeeoey 2 — Ci?ie iieaciee?a iieiceaa ca ia?o? 2 aei? i?ney ioaeaiiy
caeaaeii a?ae niiniao oo?eiaiiy

nooino?eieo ei??a (aeine?ae 1)

IieacieeA?oia Iiia? ?aciaiai oaeith i?ney ioaeaiiyei??a123456

Aonoeia,

1

58,7

+0,72

47,3

+1,38

42,3

+1,01

39,66

+0,87

32,3

+0,54

32,1

+0,46iA

2

57,8

+0,5

46,7

+0,2

37,1

+0,14

32,19

+0,2

31,49

+0,28

31,42

+0,24

Eeneio-

1

50,6

+0,5

39,2

+0,6

34,2

+0,8

30,6

+1,1

19,8

+1,05

19,6

+0,6i?noue,

iO

2

49,8

+0,3

38,2

+0,3

28,1

+0,1

23,7

+0,1

21,2

+0,1

19,7

+0,05

A?eie,

1

15,3

+0,3

10,1

+0,2

8,15

+0,33

7,28

+0,3

4,51

+0,2

4,42

+0,2%

2

15,32

+0,1

11,05

+0,1

6,7

+0,02

5,22

+0,02

4,57

+0,02

4,17

+0,1

?ioiiaei-aoe?ie,

1

7,04

+0,2

5,05

+0,2

3,67

+0,2

2,94

+0,2

1,35

+0,17

1,31

+0,16%

2

7,94

+0,06

5,56

+0,07

2,98

+0,02

1,98

+0,02

1,52

+0,02

1,29

+0,001Oaaeeoey 3 — Ci?ie iieaciee?a iieiea ca 3 aeiao oa ?aiie 4-ai,
10-ai aeiy i?ney ioaeaiiy caeaaeii a?ae niiniao oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo
ei??a (aeine?ae 1)

IieacieeA?oia Iiia? ?aciaiai oaeith i?ney ioaeaiiyei??a789?aiie 4-ai
aeiy10-ai aeiy

Aonoeia,

1

32,2

+0,4

32,3

+0,3

31,8

+0,27

31,57

+0,37

30,1

+0,27iA

2

30,3

+0,14

29,4

+0,19

29,4

+0,17

31,18

+0,12

30,7

+0,12

Eeneio-

1

18,1

+0,6

18,8

+0,5

18,7

+0,5

18,1

+0,4

16,1

+0,2i?noue,

iO

2

18,5

+0,03

17,0

+0,2

16,7

+0,1

17,6

+0,1

17,2

+0,1

A?eie,

1

4,28

+0,16

4,25

+0,17

4,31

+0,16

3,86

+0,14

3,63

+0,04%

2

3,88

+0,01

3,83

+0,07

3,85

+0,02

3,69

+0,003

3,56

+0,03

?ioiiaei-aoe?ie,

1

1,2

+0,16

1,2

+0,12

1,17

+1,1

0,88

+0,11

0,78

+0,08%

2

0,93

+0,006

0,92

+0,003

0,75

+0,003

0,71

+0,005

0,48

+0,005Eeneioi?noue iieiceaa oi/ ? iacia/ii (td=1,4), aea iaioa o 2-e
a?oi? ei??a, ye? oo?eioaaeeny aaci?ea’ycii, ii??aiyii c iieiceaii ei??a,
ui ciaoiaeeeeny ia i?ea’yc?. A??ia?aeia ??cieoey i?ae a?oiaie ei??a
niinoa??aa?oueny (?<0,001) i?e o?aoueiio ? /aoaa?oiio aei?iiyo. Ai?no a?ee?a o iieicea? ? iieioe? aeine?aeieo ei??a oae naii ??cei cieaeo?oueny i?ney ia?oiai a?ae /ano ioaeaiiy aei?iiy. Aea a?eueo ?ioaineaii aei 5-ai oaeith cieaeothoueny iieacieee ai?noo a?ee?a o iieicea? ei??a 2-? a?oie. Anoaiiaeaii c aenieith a??ia?aei?noth (?>0,001), ui a iieicea? ia?oiai
oaeith o ei??a 2-? a?oie, eio?? oo?eioaaeeny a nooino?eiee ia??iae ia
aeaoeueii-ei?iiaiio iaeaeai/eeo ? io?eioaaee iioe?ii, i?noeeiny
?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a a?eueoa, i?ae o iieioe? ei??a 1-? a?oie, ui
ciaoiaeeeenue a oeae ia??iae ia i?ea’yc? o i?ei?uaii?. I?ioa, a
/aoaa?oiio ? a iiaeaeueoeo ?aciaeo oaeiyo ai?no ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a aoa
a??ia?aeii (?<0,001) aeuei o ei??a 1-? a?oie (oaae. 2, 3). sseui ii??aithaaoe a?oie ei??a ca e?euee?noth aeaei?iiai iieiceaa ? iieiea (oaae. 4), oi ei?iae 1-? a?oie ca 1-e ? 3-e aeaiue i?ney aeiy ioaeaiiy aeaaaee aeaui a?eueoa iieiceaa ii??aiyii c ei?iaaie 2-? a?oie. Iaeiae, ii/eiath/e c 4-ai aeiy aeiaiaee ? ?aciaee oaei? ei??a 2-? a?oie noaee ia?aaeuoaaoe iaaei? 1-? a?oie ei??a, ia 10-e aeaiue ?aciaee ?ai?oi?e oae?e ia 26% (?<0,001) ia?aaeuoaaa oaei? ei??a 1-? a?oie. Nooee ciaaee?aiee iiei/iee caeeoie (NCIC) o ia?oee aeaiue aoa iacia/ii a?eueoei o 1-e a?oi? ei??a, a ii/eiath/e c 3 aeiy, oeae iieaciee ?noioii ??cieany ? aoa a?eueoei o 2-e a?oi? ei??a (oaae. 4). Na?aaei?e ?ici?? i?oeae eaca?io iieiceaa 1-ai oaeith o ei??a 1-? a?oie aoa iaioei, i?ae o ei??a 2-? a?oie a?aeiia?aeii aoee 127,74 48 oa 199 6,7 iaiiiao?e, a a iieioe? 19-ai oaeith - 88,5 2,6 oa 98,7 2,6 ii. ?ioaineai?noue aeaeithaaiiy aoea a?eueoith ca aanue ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiue o ei??a 2-? a?oie. Oaeei /eiii, iieiceai, io?eiaia a?ae ei??a, yeeo o nooino?eiee ia??iae oo?eioaaee ??cieie niiniaaie, cia/ii a?ae??ciyeiny ca nai?ie ye?nieie iieacieeaie. Oiio caeiiii??ii aeieea? ieoaiiy, ye ??cia ca nai?i neeaaeii iieiceai i?e caiaeiaoaaii? eiai oaeyoai aieeaa? ia ?o ??no ? caei?ia’y? Iaaaaeai? aeai? (oaae. 5) uiaei aaee/eie na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a o aeine?aeieo oaee/ie o ??ciiio a?oe? /?oei iieacothoue, ui oaeeoe?, yeei aeiithaaee iieiceai ? iieiei a?ae ei??a 2-? a?oie (i?aea?oie 1.2 ? 2.1) iaee e?au? na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe, i?ae oaee/ee, ye? niiaeeaaee iieiceai a?ae ei??a 1-? a?oie, iacaeaaeii a?ae oiai aoee oe? ei?iae iaoa?yie oeeo oaeyo /e aiaeoaaeueieoeyie. Oaeeoe? i?aea?oi 1.2 ? 2.1 oaeiae a?ae??ciythoueny a?eueoeie e?i?eieie i?ii??aie aoaeiae o?ea, aiie iaio oai??ee, a ?o e?ia? aoea aeua eiioeaio?aoe?y aaiiaeia?io oa ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, a oaeiae a?aei?/aeany a?eueoa e?cioeeiia ? aaeoa??inoaoe/ia aeoeai?noue e?ia?, i?ae o oaeeoeue i?aea?oi 1.1 ? 2.2. Oaaeeoey 4 - E?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? iieacieee iieiceaa caeaaeii a?ae niiniao oo?eiaiiy ei??a o nooino?eiee ia??iae (aeine?ae 1) Iieac-A?oia Iiia? ?aciaiai oa aeiaiaiai oaeith i?ney ioaeaiiyieeei??aca 1-e aeaiueca 2-e aeaiueca 3-e aeaiue?aiie 4-ai aeiy?aiie 10-ai aeiy?aciaee16,13+0,356,39+0,237,3+0,292,91+0,23,74+0,16oae?e, ea25,36+0,186,44+0,146,33+0,143,16+0,134,72+0,2Iiei/iee15,78+0,114,53+0, 444,38+0,14,15+0,73,87+0,08aee?, %25,84+0,024,33+0,024,55+0,024,03+0,043,74+0,04NCIC,121,7+0,3712,28+0,59 8,63+0,188,14+0,17,87+0,6%221,49+0,19,86+0,039,26+0,029,46+0,049,65+0,06 Oaaeeoey 5 - Aieea niiniao oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a ? yeino? niiaeeaaiiai oaeeoeyie iieiceaa ia ?oi? na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe, a (aeine?ae 1) A?e I?ea’ycia oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a 1 a?oiaAaci?ea’ycia oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a 2 a?oiaoaeeoeue, aei?i?aea?oia oaeeoeue 1.1 (iieiceai a?ae nai?o iaoa??a)i?aea?oia oaeeoeue 1.2 (iieiceai a?ae ei??a-aiaeoaaeueieoeue 2-? a?oie)i?aea?oia oaeeoeue 2.1 (iieiceai a?ae nai?o iaoa??a)i?aea?oia oaeeoeue 2.2 (iieiceai a?ae ei??a-aiaeoaaeueieoeue 1-? a?oie)0-5410 + 2,8304 + 2,4302 + 1,5401 6,00-10302 + 2,5408 + 3,7415 + 2,0299 5,50-15249 + 2,6635 + 5,3669 + 3,0291 2,7 0-20327 + 3,0753 + 1,9794 + 3,0352 2,5 0-25419 + 11,0811 + 3,3793 + 2,5454 4,30-35497 + 3,6743 + 1,8751 + 3,0512 2,3 0-60463 + 4,5800 + 3,5787 + 3,5484 2,90-180593 + 4,6752 + 2,5745 3,1620 6,5 Aieea eeneioiino? ? aonoeie ia?oiai iieiceaa, caiaeiaaiiai oaeyoai, ia ?o ??no ? caa?aaeaiiy (aeine?ae 2) Iiia?aaei? iao? iania? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ia ??no ? caa?aaeaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo cia/ii aieeaa? aonoeia ? iniaeeai eeneioi?noue iieiceaa ia?oeo aiaeei i?ney ioaeaiiy ei??a. Iieacieee eeneioiino? iieiceaa a iaaeao 45-50°O, a aonoeia a iaaeao 52-58°A ni?eyee e?auiio caa?aaeaiith ? ?inoo oaeyo. Aeey ia?aa??ee oeueiai aoa i?iaaaeaiee aeine?ae 2, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 6. A?ae /ioe?ueio a?oi ei??a io?eiaii ii iaeiiio oaeyo?. C oaaeeoe? aeaeii, ui eeneioi?noue iieiceaa, io?eiaiiai i?ioyaii ia?oi? aiaeeie i?ney ioaeaiiy a?ae ei??a ia?oi? a?oie (eiio?ieueii?), aoea iioeiaeueiith - 47,6°A. O ei??a ?ioeo a?oi eeneioi?noue iieiceaa aoea aeuith. Aonoeia iieiceaa ei??a 1-? a?oie noaiiaeea 56,6°A, a a ?ioeo a?oiao ei??a oaeiae aoea aeuith. I?ney aeiaeaaaiiy o iaoo?aeueia iieiceai, io?eiaia a?ae ei??a 3-? a?oie, oa?/iai? niaee ia?aae aeiithaaiiyi oaeyoai, eiai eeneioi?noue cieceeany ia 9,3%, a aonoeia i?aeaeueeany ia 1,8%. O 4-e a?oi? i?ney aeiaeaaaiiy o iaoo?aeueia iieiceai aeenoeeueiaaii? aiaee eiai eeneioi?noue noaea ieae/ith, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia 8,4%, a aonoeia - ia 4,0%. AEeaa iana oaeyo i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, ii a?oiao, aoea i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaith. Na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe oaeyo ca ia?oee i?nyoeue aeeooy o 1-e a?oi? noaiiaeee 355 a; o 3-e - 356 a; o 4-e - 249 a. A 1-e, 3-e ? 4-e a?oiao ca aanue ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiue iaaeaaeo oaeyo ia aoei, a o 2-e a?oi? an? oaeyoa caaeioee. Oaeei /eiii, ?c aeeeaaeaiiai aeua iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i oa, ui oaeyoa, eio?? io?eioaaee iieiceai, yea iaei eeneioi?noue iiiaae 50°O, a??oa ?inoooue ? /ano?oa oai??thoue. I/aaeaeii, iaaiee ??aaiue eeneioiino? iieiceaa iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia i?iieei?noue ai?oae?th oiieiai a?aeae?eo eeoa/ieeo, e oaeei /eiii e?aua canaiththoueny ?ioiiaeiaoe?ie. I?aeaeuaia aonoeia iieiceaa o ia?oee aeaiue i?ney ioaeaiiy (aeua 59°A) iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia caei?ia’y ? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie i?eieiaeo. ??no oaeyo-aeeciyo ? aea?eiyo i?e ?o aiae?ae? ii?ii?iaiei OO iieiceaii (aeine?ae 3) A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ? iaoiaeeee ?iaioe ie iinoaaeee caaaeaiiy aea/eoe, ye aieeaa? ii?ii?iaia OO i?iiaiyie iieiceai, ui caiaeiaoaaeiny oaeyoai, ia ?o ??no ? caei?ia’y (aeea. oaae. 1). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeo, i?iaaaeaiiai ia oaeyoao-aea?eiyoao ? aeeciyoao, iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 7. Oaeyoa, eio?ei aeiithaaee iieiceai oa iieiei ia ii?ii?iaia OO i?iiaiyie, ia 3,6 aei? aeiaoa oai??ee ii??aiyii c oaeyoaie, ye? io?eioaaee ii?ii?iaia iieiceai. O oaeyo 2-? a?oie na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no ca 20 aei?a aoa aeuei ia 39%. Oaaeeoey 6 - Aieea eeneioiino? ? aonoeie iieiceaa, iaea?aeaiiai o ia?oo aiaeeio i?ney ioaeaiiy ei??a, ia ??no ? caa?aaeaiiy oaeyo (aeine?ae 2) I?ae-a?oia E?eue-e?noue Eeneioi?noue i OAonoeia i AAEeaa iana i?eieiaeo, eaI?e??no ca Caaeio-eiei??a iaea?-aeaieo oaeyoiaoo?aeueia iieiceaii?ney aeiaeaaaiiy NaHCO3 , H2 Oiaoo?aeueia iieiceaii?ney aeiaeaaaiiy NaHCO3 , H2 Oi?e ia?iae-aeaii?o a?oe? 1 i?nyoeue1 i?nyoeue, aoaeyo1847,60,5-56,60,5-32,943,53554,3-2856,60,5-59,10,3-32,6--83856,90 ,651,60,561,00,762,10,632,543,23567,0-4856,70,751,90,761,70,759,20,632,2 39,72490,4- Oaaeeoey 7 - Iieacieee ?inoo ? caei?ia’y oaeyo i?e aiae?ae? ?o iieiceaii, ii?ii?iaiei ? ia ii?ii?iaiei OO i?ii?iiyi (aeine?ae 3) Aea?eiyoa oa aeeciyoac ieo aeeciyoa A?oia(o ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao)(o ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao)oaeyoiana i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, eaoai??ee, aei?a na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no ca 20 aei?a, aiana i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, eaoai??ee, aei?a na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no ca 20 aei?a, a1 - Eiio?ieueia (iieiceai ia ii?ii?ithaaee, n=5) 24 10,2 437 20 10 4302 - Aeine?aeia (iieiceai ii?ii?ithaaee, n=5) 24 6,6 606 20 5 700Aeey a?eueoi? a??ia?aeiino? o eiio?ieueio ? aeine?aeio a?oie ca?aeii c? noaiith aeine?aeo aeeth/eee iaeiiyeoeaaeo aeeciyo. Io?eiai? aeai? a??ia?aeii i?aeoaa?aeeee aoaeoeai?noue ii?ii?iaiiy iieiceaa ? iieiea. ??no oaeyo i?e aiae?ae? ?o iieiceaii c aeiaeaaaiiyi ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a (aeine?ae 4) Ca?aeii c? noaiith aeine?aeo aoei a?ae?a?aii 3 ia?e iaeiinoaoaaeo aeai?iue, o oiio /ene? ia?a iaeiiyeoeaaeo aeeciyo. Oaeyoai ia?oi? (eiio?ieueii?) a?oie aeiithaaee iieiceai a?ae ?o iaoa??a, ia iie?iooth/e eiai ye?noue, oaeyoai ae?oai? (aeine?aeii?) a?oie aeiithaaee iieiceai oaeiae a?ae iaoa??a, aea aeiaeaaaee a iueiai ne?iaaoeo c ?ioiiaeiaoe?iaie, yea aoea io?eiaia c iieiceaa a?ae ?ioeo iiaio?eueieo ei??a. Na?aaeiy iana i?e ia?iaeaeaii? oaeyo 1-? ? 2-? a?oi a?ae??ciyeany iacia/ii. Io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aeai? iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 8. Anoaiiaeaii, ui caoai?thaai?noue o oaeyo 2-? a?oie aoea ia 32,5% iaioith, i?ae o 1-e a?oi?. sse iane?aeie, o oe?e a?oi? oaeyo na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no ca 20 aei?a ae?iuoaaiiy aoa ia 22% aeuei, i?ae o oaeyo 1-? (eiio?ieueii?) a?oie. Aeai? uiaei iaeiiyeoeaaeo aeeciyo i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue oeth caeiiii??i?noue. Oaey 2-? a?oie oai??ei ia ae?a?ath ia 3 aei? iaioa, ii??aiyii c eiai aeecitheii o 1-e a?oi?; o iueiai oaeiae aoa aeuei na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no ca 20 aei?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Oaeei /eiii, ie i?eionea?ii, ui c aeiaeaaaiiyi ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a o iieiceai ei??a-iaoa??a i?aeaeuo?oueny ?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cia oaeyo. A?aeiia?aeii aiie iathoue e?aua caei?ia’y ? i?e??no, i?ae oaeyoa, ye? io?eioaaee iieiceai, ye?noue yeiai ia iie?iooaaee. Aieea ianoa?eciaaiiai iieiea ia ??no oaeyo (aeine?ae 5) Oeae aeine?ae aoa i?iaaaeaiee ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith (aeea. oaae. 1) ia oaeyoao-aea?eiyoao oa aeeciyoao. Iieacieee aieeao ianoa?eciaaiiai ? iaianoa?eciaaiiai iieiea ia caei?ia’y ? ??no oaeyo aeine?aeieo a?oi iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 9. Aeai?, ye? aoee io?eiai? ca /an i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo, na?ae/aoue i?i ni?eyoeeaee aieea aeiithaaiiy ianoa?eciaaiiai iieiea ia caei?ia’y aeine?aeieo oaeyo. E?euee?noue caoai??eeo oaeyo o 2-e a?oi?, ye? io?eioaaee ianoa?eciaaia iieiei, nei?ioeeany, a na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no o ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao ca 20 aei?a aeeooy o ieo aoa aeua ia 72 a. Oe? aeai? i?aeoaa?aeaeai? ? ia aeecitheao: oaey, yeiio aeiithaaee iaoo?aeueia iieiei, oai??ei 8 aei?a ?c 20-oe ? iaei i?e??no aeeai? iane ia 12,9% iaioee, i?ae eiai a?ao-aeecithe o ae?oa?e a?oi?. Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui oaeyoa, ye? ia?iaeeeeny a?ae iaei??? iaoa?? ? io?eioaaee ianoa?eciaaia ? iaianoa?eciaaia iieiei, iaee ??ci? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane ? oai??ee ??cio e?euee?noue aei?a. Oaaeeoey 8 - Iieacieee ?inoo ? caei?ia’y oaeyo i?e aiae?ae? ?o iieiceaii ?c aeiaeaaaiiyi aei iueiai ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a (aeine?ae 4) Aea?eiyoa oa aeeciyoac ieo aeeciyoa A?oia(o ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao)(o ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao)oaeyoiana i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, eaoai??ee, aei?a na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no ca 20 aei?a, aiana i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, eaoai??ee, aei?a na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no ca 20 aei?a, a1 Eiio?ieueia (iieiceai aac aeiaeaaaiiy ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, n=3) 25,3 8,3 662 27 7 7752 Aeine?aeia (iieiceai c aeiaeaaaiiyi ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, n=3) 24,8 5,6 805 27 4 925 Oaaeeoey 9 - Iieacieee ?inoo ? caei?ia’y oaeyo i?e aiae?ae? ?o ianoa?eciaaiei iieieii (aeine?ae 5) Aea?eiyoa oa aeeciyoac ieo aeeciyoa A?oia(o ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao)(o ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao) oaeyoiana i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, eaoai??ee, aei?a na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no ca 20 aei?a, aiana i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, eaoai??ee, aei?a na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no ca 20 aei?a, a1 Eiio?ieueia (iieiei iaianoa?eciaaia, n=3) 19,5 9,6 608 18,5 8 6752 Aeine?aeia (iieiei ianoa?eciaaia, n=3) 19 8 680 18,5 6 775 Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?ae?a 1, 3, 4 ? 5 aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy i?e?ino?a ? ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ei?i?a ia ?o io?eiaiiy o oaeyo aeine?aeieo a?oi, ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueieie a?oiaie oaa?ei. Oeueiio ni?eyea e?aua ye?noue iieiceaa ? iieiea, yea niiaeeaaee oaeyoa aeine?aeieo a?oi. E?ioeaaee iieaciee aoaeoeaiino? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ae?aaea?oueny a cieaeaii? nia?aa?oino? 1 oe i?e?inoo aeeai? iane oaeyo aeine?aeii? a?oie, ii??aiyii c oaeyoaie eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Oae, o aeine?ae? 1 oea cieaeaiiy noaiiaeei 40,8 a?i (ia 14%), o aeine?ae? 3 - 52,7a?i (ia 17,8%), o aeine?ae? 4 - 22.1 a?i (ia 9,5%), o aeine?ae? 5 - 15,8 a?i (ia 6,5%). ?c ?acoeueoao?a iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ii??aiyiiy aeaieo ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui nooino?eieo ei??a o e?oith ii?o ne?ae oo?eioaaoe ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaeo iaeaeai/eeao, a a ceiiao - iaaeaaaoe ?i iiaeeea?noue aeey i?iaoeyiie ia na?aeiio iia?o?? ? caiaeiaoaaoe ?i i?e oeueiio aeia?iye?ni? ei?ie c aenieei i?ioeaioii n?ia o ?aoe?ii?. O oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee iaia? iiaeeeaino? a ?aoe?iiao nooino?eieo ei??a ca?eueooaaoe ai?no n?ia, a a ?iaeeeueiiio a?aeae?eaii? a iniiaiiio aeei?enoiaothoue neeinio iano, ui i?noeoue aaeeeo e?euee?noue eeneio, ne?ae ooo/ii iie?iooaaoe ye?noue iieiceaa ? iieiea. O?eueee ca oaei? oiiae iiaeia aeinyaoe aenieeo iieaciee?a i?e?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaeyo oa aeniei? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?o ae?iuoaaiiy. AENIIAEE Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei aieeao yeino? iieiceaa ? iieiea ia ??no oa caei?ia’y oaeyo o ia?o? i?nyoe? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee: 1. Aaci?ea’ycia oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a ae?oeo ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaiio iaeaeai/eeo c a?aeie?aieaieie ciiaie a?aeii/eieo, aiae?ae? ? ei?iiaei noieii (2-a a?oia), ii??aiyii c? no?eeiaei oo?eiaiiyi oaa?ei ia i?ea’yc? o i?ei?uaii? (1-a a?oia), iiceoeaii aieeioei ia ye?noue iieiceaa ? iieiea, caiaeiaoaaiiy yeiai ni?eyei e?auiio ?inoo ? caa?aaeaiith oaeyo, a oaeiae ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a o ia?o? i?nyoe? eaeoaoe??. Oae, na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane aeine?aeieo oaeyo, ye? niiaeeaaee iieiceai a?ae ei??a (iaoa??a ? aiaeoaaeueieoeue) 2-? a?oie, noaiiaeee 745 - 752 a, aoeo, ui aeiithaaee iieiceaii a?ae ei??a (iaoa??a ? aiaeoaaeueieoeue) 1-? a?oie - 593 - 620a. 2. O iieicea? ei??a ia?oiai aei?iiy, yeeo o nooino?eiee ia??iae oo?eioaaee aaci?ea’ycii ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaiio iaeaeai/eeo, aoea a?eueoa e?euee?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei, iniaeeai ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, ? a?eueo? ?ici??e i?oeae eaca?io. Iieacieee aonoeie ? eeneioiino? iieiceaa, a oaeiae e?euee?noue niiaoe/ieo ee?oei o iieioe? ei??a oe??? a?oie aoee iioeiaeueieie aeey ?inoo oa caa?aaeaiiy oaeyo. Oae, ai?no ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a o iieicea? ia?oiai oaeith o ei??a 1-? a?oie noaiiaea 7,04 %, a o ei??a 2-? a?oie - 7,94%, ?ici??e i?oeae eaca?io a?aeiia?aeii 127 iaiiiao?e oa 199 iaiiiao?e. 3. Iieiae o ei??a ia?oi? a?oie, ye? ia io?eioaaee iioe?iio, i?ioiaeeee a?eueo oyaeei, ?o o?eaae?noue aoea a na?aaeiueiio 1,6 aiae, a o ei??a ae?oai? a?oie - 1,0 aiae, o?eaae?noue aeoiaeo iine?aeo a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeea 4,5 aiae oa 3,4 aiae. 4. ??no, ?icaeoie, noai caei?ia’y, ee?i?/i? oa o?c?ieia?/i? iieacieee aoee e?aueie o oeo oaeyo, ui niiaeeaaee iieiceai a?ae ei??a 2-? a?oie iacaeaaeii /e aiie aoee iaoa?yie (i?aea?oia oaeyo 2.1), /e aiaeoaaeueieoeyie (i?aea?oia oaeyo 1.2). Oea na?ae/eoue, ui aia??iiaeueiee ia??iae ia? aeaui iaioa cia/aiiy, aeey aeeoo?caeaoiino?, ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo i?eieiaeo a iinoiaoaeueiee ia??iae, i?ae ye?noue iieiceaa. 5. Oo?eioaaoe nooino?eieo ei??a ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaiio iaeaeai/eeo c ei?iiaei noieii aeiiii?/ii aea?aeii, i?e oeueiio cao?aoe i?aoe? nei?i/othoueny o 19,6 ?ace, a ao?aoe ei?i?a o 10,7 ?ace ii??aiyii c oo?eiaiiyi oaa?ei o i?ei?uaii? oa ?o aiae?ae? c aiae?aieoe?. 6. Nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe i?e?inoo oaeyo, ei?iae-iaoa?? eio?eo oo?eioaaeeny ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaiio iaeaeai/eeo, ia 14% ieae/a, i?ae oaeyo a?ae nooino?eieo ei??a, yeeo oo?eioaaee o i?ei?uaii?. 7. O aeine?aeao onoaiiaeaii, ui aeey caa?aaeaiiy ? ii?iaeueiiai ?inoo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo eeneioi?noue iieiceaa o ia?oo aiaeeio i?ney ioaeaiiy ia? aooe ia aeua 50 O, i?e aonoei? 59 A. 8. Iie?ioaiiy yeino? iieiceaa a ia?oee aeaiue i?ney ioaeaiiy iiaea aooe aeinyaiooi ca ?aooiie ii?iae?caoe?? eiai aonoeie ? eeneioiino?, a naia ca aeiiiiiaith aianaiiy a iueiai oa?/iai? niaee oa ?icaaaeaiiy aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith. 9. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioiieo yeinoae iieiceaa aeioe?eueii aeiaeaaaoe aei iueiai ?ioiiaeiaoe?ie, a i?e aeao?oeeo? a iieicea? D-a?oai?io ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe oeueo?ao?ieaoiaa ii?ii?iaiiy. 10. Aeey iaea?aeaiiy ia oa?iao oa eiiieaenao caei?iaeo oaeyo c aenieeie i?e?inoaie ne?ae oe?eiaeiaiai oo?eioaaoe nooino?eieo ei??a aaci?ea’ycii ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaeo iaeaeai/eeao, ye? iaeaaeiai? ciiaie a?aeii/eieo, aiae?ae? oa ei?iiaei noieii. 11. Ia iiei/ieo oa?iao, iniaeeai o ceiiaee ia??iae, ne?ae ia??iaee/ii aeine?aeaeoaaoe ye?noue iieiceaa ? i?e eiai iia??oaii? ooo/ii iie?iooaaoe a?ieia?/i? oa a?io?i?/i? iieacieee. NIENIE INIIAIEO I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Iaoeaey I.A. Aeueoa?iaoeai? niiniae ianoa?ecaoe?? iieiea // A?niee A?eioea?e?a.aea?ae.aa?a?.oi-oo.- A?ea Oea?eaa, 1996.- Aei.1.- N. 66-68. 2. Iaoeaey I.A. Aieea niiniao oo?eiaiiy ei??a ia iieacieee ?o ee?i?ei-o?c?ieia?/iiai noaio oa ye?noue iieiea // A?niee A?eioea?e?a.aea?ae.aa?a?.oi-oo.- A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998.- Aei.4, /.1.- N. 269-273. 3. Iaoeaey I.A. Aoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ye?ni? iieacieee iieiea ei??a, yeeo oo?eioaaee ia i?ea’yc? a i?ei?uaii? oa ia aeaoeueii-ei?iiaiio iaeaea/ieeo a nooino?eiee ia??iae // A?niee A?eioea?e?a.aea?ae.aa?a?.oi-oo.- A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998.- Aei.4, /.1.- N. 273-275. 4. Iaoeaey I.A. I?i ci?io yeino? iieiea oa iieiceaa ei??a, caeaaeii a?ae oiia ?o oo?eiaiiy a nooino?eiee ia??iae // A?niee A?eioea?e?a.aea?ae.aa?a?.oi-oo.- A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998.- Aei.4, /.1.- N. 275-279. 5. Aaei?i ?.?., Ai?u I.A., Iaoeaey I.A. Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy aeaoeueii-ei?iiaeo iaeaeai/ee?a c ei?iiaei noieii aeey e?oiueiai oo?eiaiiy ei??a // A?niee A?eioea?e?a.aea?ae.aa?a?.oi-oo. - A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998.- Aei.7, /.1.- N. 124-129. Aeena?oaioii aeeiiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeaey I.A. Oaoiieia?/i? i?eeiie iie?ioaiiy yeino? iieiceaa ? iieiea oa ?o aieea ia ??no ? caa?aaeaiiy oaeyo.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.20. - a?ioaoiieia?y. Aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, A?ea Oea?eaa, 1999. Ia iniia? aenia?eiaio?a anoaiiaeaii, ui ia ye?noue iieiceaa ?noioii aieeaathoue oiiae oo?eiaiiy ei??a o nooino?eiee ia??iae, ?acii c oei iani?eyoeea? oiiae oo?eiaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a-iaoa??a iaioa aieeaathoue a aia??iiaeueiiio ia??iae? ia caei?ia’y ? ??no iaeaooiueiai i?eieiaeo, i?ae ye?noue iieiceaa. O aeine?aeao onoaiiaeaii, ui aeey caa?aaeaiiy ? ii?iaeueiiai ?inoo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo, eeneioi?noue iieiceaa o ia?oo aiaeeio i?ney ioaeaiiy ia? aooe ia aeua 50O, i?e aonoei? 59A. Iieiceai iiaeeeai ii?iae?coaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith aianaiiy o iueiai oa?/iai? niaee oa ?icaaaeaiiy aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee cieaeaiiy aaeoa??aeueiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iieiceaa oa i?aeaeuaiiy o iueiio ai?noo a?oai?i?a a?oie D. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ei?iae nooino?ei?, oaeyoa, ye?noue iieiceaa, ye?noue iieiea, oeueo?ao?ieaoiaa ii?ii?iaiiy, ianoa?ecaoe?y, a?io?i?/i? iieacieee, aeaoeueii-ei?iiaee iaeaeai/ee, ei?iiaee no?e. Iaoeaey I.A. Oaoiieiae/aneea i?eaiu oeo/oaiey ea/anoaa iieiceaa e iieiea, eo aeeyiea ia ?ino e nio?aiiinoue oaeyo.-?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.20.-aeioaoiieiaey. Ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Aaeay Oea?eiaue, 1999. Ia iniiaa yenia?eiaioia onoaiiaeaii, /oi ia ea/anoai iieiceaa nouanoaaiii aeethao oneiaey niaea?aeaiey ei?ia a nooinoieiii ia?eiaea, aianoa n oai iaaeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey niaea?aeaiey nooinoieiuo ei?ia - iaoa?ae iaiueoa aeeytho ia caei?iauea e ?ino aoaeouaai i?eieiaea a yia?eiiaeueiii ia?eiaea, /ai ea/anoai iieiceaa. A iiuoao onoaiiaeaii,/oi aeey nio?aiaiey e ii?iaeueiiai ?inoa iiai?iaeae?iiuo eeneioiinoue iieiceaa a ia?aue /an iinea io?ea aeieaeia auoue ia auoa 50O, i?e ieioiinoe 59A. Iieiceai iiaeii ii?iaeeciaaoue n iiiiuueth aianaiey a iaai ieuaaie niaeu e ?acaaaeaiey aeenoeeee?iaaiiie aiaeie. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu nieaeaiey aaeoa?eaeueiie ianaiai?iiinoe iieiceaa e iiauoaiey niaea?aeaiey a iai aeoaieiia a?oiiu D. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ei?iau nooinoieiua, oaeyoa, ea/anoai iieiceaa, ea/anoai iieiea, oeueo?aoeieaoiaia iaeo/aiea, ianoa?ecaoeey, aeioeie/aneea iieacaoaee, auaoeueii-ei?iiaay ieiuaaeea, ei?iiaie noie. O.Patselya. Technological enlistments of increasing of colostrum and milk quality and their influence on growth and reviving of calves. - Manuscript. Thesis for agricultural science candidate degree on speciality 03.00.20 - biotechnology. Bila Tserrkva State Agrarian University, 1999. On the experiments basis the tecnological enlistments of increasing of colostrum quality by the method of ultraviolete ray; adding of immunohlobulines, artificial decreasing of its acid level and milk pasterization were developed. It has been established that the untethered keeping of cows in arid period on the feeding ground provides the optimization of colostrum quality. Due to the ultraviolete raying of colostrum and milk their mikrobe contant is decreased by 25,6 and 50,9% corresponding and contant of vitamin D is increased by 33,0 and 9,6%. Adding to the milk of cerum with high concentration of immunohlobulines and artifical decreasing of its and level by soda to 50°T provides a significant increasing of calves integrity. The milk pasterization decreases containing of bacterias by 96% and provides the calves integrity. In Bila Tserrkva State Agrarian University at the big cattle farming chair under the leading of Y.Admin the original project of feeding ground with separate zones of recreation, feeding and fodder tables. They were built in Volodarka and Tetiyiv districts of Kyiv region farms where they have been used successfully for 10 years. Thus, everiy stage for 200 cows for every farm has 8 cections per 25 cows. The stage is divided into 3 main zones - the rest; feeding and fodder table. The rest zone has not hard covering, for every cows there is 25m 2 of space. From the rest zone there is a cross throug the getes to the feding zoner wich is separated. The feeding zone is 3,5m wide and 20m long and has hard covering and room over it. The fodder table is close to feding zone is a kind of asphalt way 5m wide, han ged ove 10m comparing, with fedding zone and is a kind of boarder line 30cm in high where the collumns for catle are bailt in. Over the fodder table on the roof there is a lamp made of poliethylen for natural lightening. The feeding front is taken 0,8m per a cow. It is laid throug the cetntre of the road for the rain water didn’t water the fodder but the flow away. The cows kept untethered out of doors may walk from one zone to anothec and they walk 2-2,5km a day as a rule, the main part of cattle is in the rest zone where there is no hard covering. As this zone is large, cows mowe inside of it and don’t disturb each o ther. To water cattle the machine has been established. While feeding, cows enter the feeding zone and eat free throug fodder board which fix cow’s had and doesn’t let it push others. The getting of fotter radius is abaut 0,5 - 0,8m depenting on the highth of cow. Atter eating cows moove to rest zone again. In the feeding zone it is cleaned every day with traktor with spade in the rest zone it is cleaned 2 times a year with eskowator - machine and traktor. Such a stages were built for milking, arid cows and haffers. Keepinq of deepcalvinq arid cows on such a graunds comparinq with tether one decreases the labaur expenses by 95% and fodder ones by 90,6%. The bear of cows of the first group who did not get motions was more difficult and lasted for 1,6 hour on the average, the cows of the sekond group - for 1,0; the period of placenta dopping out was 4,5 and 3,4 hour corresponding. Colostrum got from cows, kept untethered on fresh air grounds comparing to the colostrum got from cows kept tethered in doors was of better bacteriostatic activity against E.Colli, and of immunohlobulines by 12,7%. Casein mitsels of untethered cows colostrum were larger by 55,7%. The dominating influence on the health and keeping of neco born calves in next age periods is caused by the quality of colostrum got in first day after bear. The cosprice of l c of calves increase, whose cow-mothers were kept on untethered out of doors grounds was by 14% lower than of calves beared from kept indoors ones. So, the construction of out of doors feedinq qround that provides an optimal scheme of keepinq of arid caws, makes it possible not only to economire the labour but to decrease the fodder loosing as well. The economical effect of usaqe of such a graund for 60 days of arid period per 1 cow is 9,08 qrn. It has been also established and determined that in unfavourable keepinq conditions for arid cow-mothers has less influence on health and growth of litter during embrional period than the colostrum guality. All the calves which got milk and colostrum of their mothers and helm, kept untethered out of doors had much better growth indexes then arid ones. In many farms of Ukraine there is a technology of bear process in day grounds applying a short-time suckinq. But there the quelity of colostrum is not mind. Some aspect of new born calves keeping and many questions of colostrum quelity increasing, are still discrepant and require additional exploration. The technology of keeping of arid cows on out of doors grounds, in summer is still unperfect. In zootechnical literature information dealing with the technology of such a keeping is missed. The question of milk and colostrum quelity increasing by mean of different addings and its influence on growth, health, phisiology and immunity of calves is debatable. Absence of scientific foundation of methods of colostrum quality increasinq as well as thesis about the fact that milk and colostrum can’t be incresed hampers the new possibilities for intensification of grows and keeping of offspring. We have established experimentally that to increase the immunity quality of colostrum it’s advisable to add immunoglobulines; in case of vitamin D deficite the ultraviolete rays should be used. To get healty calves in farms and complexes the arid cows should be kept untethered round the clock out of doors, equipped with recreation, feeding zones. At the milk farms, especially in winter period the colostrum quelity should shoul be periodically tested. In case of its decreasing the biological and biohemical indexes should be increased. Key words: arid cows, calves, colostrum quality, ultraviolete raus, pasterisation, biochemical indexes, out of doors feding ground, feding board.

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