Судове провадження у справах за скаргами військовослужбовців на неправомірні дії і рішення органів військового управління та військових посадових осіб

AEAAeAI?ss I?EEI?AeIIIEO A?ENUeE OE?A?IE

?iai? Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

A?EIONIA TH??E AAEA??EIAE*

OAeE 344.3:347.90(477)

NOAeIAA I?IAAAeAEAIIss O NI?AAAO CA NEA?AAIE A?ENUeEIAINEOAEAIAOe?A IA
IAI?AAII??I? Ae?? ? ??OAIIss

I?AAI?A A?ENUeEIAIAI OI?AAE?IIss OA

A?ENUeEIAEO IINAAeIAEO IN?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 20.02.03

A?enueeiaa i?aai; a?enueeia? aniaeoe i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

_________ TH.A?eionia

Oiaeueieoeueeee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oeea?eueiiai i?aaa oa oeea?eueiiai i?ioeano
Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?iai? Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai,
Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao o ni?aaao ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee —

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AIAAeAI Einei Aiaoiae/,
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, eaoaae?a
oeea?eueiiai i?aaa ? i?ioeano, aeioeaio eaoaae?e.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? IOOEA? ?aaai Aai?a?eiae/,
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, eaoaae?a
oeea?eueiiai i?aaa ? i?ioeano, i?ioani? eaoaae?e;

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I?I*AIEI Aaneeue ?aaiiae/,
Eiinoeoooe?eiee Noae Oe?a?ie, Canooiiee Aieiae Eiinoeoooe?eiiai Noaeo
Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa —

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa, I?i?noa?noai aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 30 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 70.705.02 Aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?iai? Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai ca
aae?anith: 280003, i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 46.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ( 280003, i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, aoe.
Oaa/aiea, 46).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” ethoiai 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio A. A. Aae?iia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Oe?a?inueea aea?aeaaa i?ney caeiaoooy iacaeaaeiino? i?iaieineea
i?aaiaiiy aei iiaoaeiae nioe?aeueii? ? i?aaiai? aea?aeaae, a ye?e
ethaeeia, ?? i?aaa ? naiaiaee aeciathoueny iaeaeuith nioe?aeueiith
oe?ii?noth. O oae?e aea?aeaa? caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? i?aa ? naiaiae
ethaeeie oa a?iiaaeyieia aecia/athoue ci?no ? ni?yiiaai?noue ??
ae?yeueiino?. Oeae i?eioeei ao?eth?oueny a /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai ?
ciaeoia nai? cae??ieaiiy a Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie 28 /a?aiy 1996 ?ieo.

A?iiaaeyie iaae?eai? oe?eith ieceith i?aa ? naiaiae, aeey ?aae?caoe??
yeeo ?i iaiao?aeii caa?oaoeny aei aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, oiaoi anooiaoe a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaia? a?aeiineie. Aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaia? a?aeiineie
iiaeooue aeieeaoe oaeiae c ?i?oe?aoeae aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a. ? o oeueiio
iaeaeuith naiaiaeith ethaeeie ? naiaiaea aooe iacaeaaeiith a?ae naaa?eey
ie?aiiai aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio /e iinaaeiai? iniae oa
i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaoeny eeoa aeiiaai /eiieo o aea?aeaa? i?aaiaeo ii?i. Aeey
?aae?caoe?? oe??? naiaiaee no/ania aeaiie?aoe/ia aea?aeaaa iiaeiia an?ia
iiaeeeaeie ? aeiionoeieie caniaaie ni?eyoe caoenoo i?aa, naiaiae oa
caeiiieo ?ioa?an?a ethaeeie e a?iiaaeyieia, ? ianaiia?aae a
oi?aae?inuee?e noa??.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie cae??ieea iaia’ycie aea?aeaae aeaaoe i?i caoeno
i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a (noaooy 17), i?ioa caaaeath/e ia o?eaaeo
i?e?oa?ecaoe?th noni?euenoaa a ieioeiio, eiee cia/ia /anoea
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ? i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo aoee ni?yiiaai? ia iio?aae
iai?iie, iaaeineiiae?noue caeiiiaeaanoaa, a?aenooi?noue oai?aoe/iiai ?
i?aeoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy oeeo ieoaiue, iaaoaa? aeooaeueiino? caoeno
i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, eio?ee cae?enith?oueny ua ia ia iaeaaeiiio
??ai?.

Ca?iei? neee, Neoaeaa aaciaee, I?eei?aeiii? a?enueea, Iaoe?iiaeueia
aaa?ae?y oa ?io? a?enueeia? oi?ioaaiiy, noai?ai? a?aeiia?aeii aei
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie (aeae? — aea?aeaai? a?enueeia? oi?ioaaiiy) ?
/anoeiith noni?euenoaa ? oiio an? neeaaei? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
i?ioeane, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a iueiio, a?aeiia?aeii aieeaathoue ia
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue oeueiai aeaiaioa aea?aeaaiiai iaoai?cio.

I?aai ia noaeiaa inea?aeaiiy iai?aaii??ieo ??oaiue, ae?e /e
aacae?yeueiino? i?aai?a a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy oa a?enueeiaeo
iinaaeiaeo in?a cian?i iaaeaaii cae??ieaia a /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoa?
Oe?a?ie, ui coiiaeei aeyaeaiiy iecee i?iaeai oai?aoe/iiai ? i?aeoe/iiai
oa?aeoa?o.

Ieoaiiy noaeiaiai caoenoo i?aa a?iiaaeyi o a?aeiineiao c i?aaiaie
aea?aeaaii? aeaaee ?icaeyaeaeeny a th?eaee/i?e iaooe?, cie?aia o
aeena?oaoe?eieo ?iaioao A.A.E?ieoi?a, A.I.Aoe, A.A.??ueiiaiei,
?.?.*anianueeiai, a oaeiae o ?iaioao i?aaenoaaiee?a iaoee oeea?eueiiai
i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?aaa I.O.Aiiia?a, I.A.Aeia?iaieuenueeiai, I.A.Ao?a?/a,
?.A.AEa?oie?na, N.I.?aaiiai?, I.A.?aaiiaa, I.I.Eiaeooa?a, A.A.Eiia?iaa,
A.I.Iaeueieeiaa, A.I.Io?aaeyi, O.E.Inie?ii?, ?.A.Iooea?a,
I.E.O?aooi?eiaa, Ae.I.*a/ioa, A.?.Oeoe?ia, I.E.Ooaoaia, A.I.TH?eiaa,
iaoee aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa I.I.Aeueio?ia, Ae.I.Aao?aoa,
I.A.Ea?anueiai?, E.A.Eiaaey, TH.I.Eiceiaa, E.A.I?eiea?ai?,
A.?.?aiiueiaa, I.TH.Oaiai?ai?. I?ioa a?aeoiae? noaeeny cia/i? ci?ie a
caeiiiaeaanoa?, cie?aia aoea i?eeiyoa iiaa Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie.

Ieoaiiy ae noaeiaiai caoenoo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o noa??
a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy iaeaea ia aeine?aeaeoaaeeny. Eeoa aeaye? aniaeoe
oe??? i?iaeaie ?icaeyaeaeeny o ?iaioao A.I.A?eieii?aa, A.?.Io?aiiaa,
I.A.A?oaiiiiaa, A.A.*oiaea.

Iaaaaeaieie /eiieeaie ? coiiaeaiee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Ia?aiee iai?yi aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ieaio
iaoeiai? ?iaioe Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
a ?aieao IAe? ?299-1702? “Oeea?eueiee i?ioean”, a?aeiia?aea?
Ia?niaeoeaiiio ieaio aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue a I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enueeao Oe?a?ie a 1998-2005??, iia`ycaia ?c i?ia?aiaie i?iaaaeaiiy
a?enueeiai-i?aaiai? oa noaeiai-i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?i?.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?iaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa oa i?aeoeee
eiai canoinoaaiiy uiaei noaeiaiai niiniao caoenoo i?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? ae??oothoueny caaaeaiiy:

— aecia/aiiy caaaeueiiai i?aaiaiai noaoono a?enueeiai-neoaeaiaoe?a oa
iaae i?aa ethaeeie oe??? eaoaai??? a?iiaaeyi;

— ooi/iaiiy iiiyooy a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, ?? aeae?a ?
oa?aeoa?ieo iciae;

— c`ynoaaiiy ieoaiiy caoenoo noa`?eoeaieo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o
noa?? a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae eiai niinia?a,
i?noey na?aae ieo noaeiaiai niiniao caoenoo noa’?eoeaiiai i?aaa;

— aecia/aiiy ia?aaeoiia i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia caa?iaiiy aei
noaeo o oe?e eaoaai??? ni?aa oa i?ioeanoaeueiiai ii?yaeeo eiai
?aae?caoe??;

— c`ynoaaiiy iniaeeainoae noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo ni?aa ca nea?aaie
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, i?aaeiaoa noaeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?ioeanoaeueieo cania?a anoaiiaeaiiy ianoaaei ni?aae, iinoaiia (??oaiue
? ooaae) noaeo oa aeiiae aei ieo, niaoeeo?ee aeeiiaiiy iinoaiiaeaieo
noaeiaeo ??oaiue o ni?aaao ca nea?aaie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia
iai?aaii??i? ae?? ? ??oaiiy i?aai?a a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy oa
a?enueeiaeo iinaaeiaeo in?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? ia?oei eiiieaeniei aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?iaeai
noaeiaiai caoenoo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a a?ae iai?aaii??ieo
??oaiue, ae?e /e aacae?yeueiino? i?aai?a a?enueeiaiai oa a?enueeiaeo
iinaaeiaeo in?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aecia/a?oueny ? oei, ui ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— aeaaaeaii iiiyooy, iciaee ? eeaneo?eaoe?th a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei?
ae?yeueiino? ye noa?e aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ? noa?e ?aae?caoe??
aeayeeo noa`?eoeaieo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a;

— aecia/aii niiniae caoenoo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o noa??
a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy, a oaeiae i?noea na?aae ieo noaeiaiai caoenoo;

— iiaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aecia/aiiy noaeiai? i?aea?aeii/ino? o
a?enueeiaeo oi?aae?inueeeo i?aaia?aeiineiao, uiaei yeeo ?niothoue
iaea?eueo? o?oaeiiu? o noaeia?e i?aeoeoe?;

— aecia/aii eiei ianoaaei ni?aae, ye? iaiao?aeii anoaiiaeoe i?ae /an
noaeiaiai can?aeaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? ii canoinoaaiith caeiiiaeaanoaa uiaei oyaa?y
aeieacoaaiiy a oe?e eaoaai??? ni?aa;

— ooi/iaii iniaeeaino? iinoaiiaeaiiy noaeiaiai ??oaiiy oa eiai aeeiiaiiy
o ni?aaao ca nea?aaie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia ??oaiiy, ae?? /e
aacae?yeuei?noue noa`?eo?a a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy.

Iaaaaeai? iieiaeaiiy ?ic?iaeai? caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi ? ? iiaeie. Oaeiae
o ?iaio? ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy,
ui noinothoueny noa`?eoeaiiai i?aaa oa eiai no?oeoo?e, niinia?a caoenoo
i?aaa, aecia/aiiy nenoaie noaeiono?ith Oe?a?ie, ie?aieo ?inoeooo?a
oeea?eueiiai i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?aaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiie
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o i?ioean? aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai oeea?eueiiai
i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, a oaeiae i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeoo Caeiio
i?i noaeiono??e, noaoooo aioo??oiuei? neoaeae ? aeenoeeie?ia?iiai
noaoooo Ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie, eiie?aoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iiaeooue aooe
a?aoiaai? i?e ?icaeyae? a?enueeiaeie noaeaie ni?aa ca nea?aaie
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia iai?aaii??i? ??oaiiy, ae?? /e aacae?yeuei?noue
i?aai?a a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy, a oaeiae o i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino?
iinaaeiaeo in?a i?aai?a a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy, o i?aaiaeoiai?e ?iaio?,
a oaeiae o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy aeenoeeie?i oeea?eueiiai oa
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?ioeano, aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai, e?ei?iaeueiiai oa
oeea?eueiiai i?aaa, ?ioeo th?eaee/ieo aeenoeeie?i.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? Aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie, i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaa/aeueiiai iin?aieea c
oeea?eueiiai i?ioeano, a oaeiae a ae?yeueiino? Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo o
ni?aaao ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
a?aeiia?aeieie aeoaie ?aae?caoe??.

Iniaenoei aianeii caeiaoaa/a o iaoeia?e ioae?eaoe??, aeeiiai?e o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c I.?.Oa?eiianueeith, ? aecia/aiiy ia?aaeoiiae i?aaa ia
caa?iaiiy aei noaeo o ni?aaao, ye? aeieeathoue c
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei — nii?o i?i i?aai aaei?i?no?aoeaia.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?aaiaee noaoon iniae: i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae” (a?oaeaiue
1998?., Ee?a), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?aaa ?
naiaiaee ethaeeie oa no/aniee noni?eueiee i?ia?an” (ethoee 1999?.,
Oaeai?iae), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo “I?iaeaie
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy ? caeiiioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i?” (o?aaaiue 1998?., Euea?a),
a oaeiae iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo nai?ia?ao iieiaeeo o/aieo
oa aae`thieo?a th?eaee/ieo eaoaae? Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee
Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii i`youe iaoeiaeo noaoae, a oiio
/ene? iaeia o ni?aaaoi?noa?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny ?? caaaeaiiyie oa iaoith ?
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae oa aeaio aeiaeaoe?a.

Ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 163 noi??iee. Aeaa aeiaeaoee i?noyoueny ia 16
noi??ieao.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 306 iaeiaioaaiue ia 28 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/a?oueny iaoa ?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioeth?oueny oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
eiai ?acoeueoao?a, iaoeiaa iiaecia, ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoe??, e?euee?noue ioae?eaoe?e, a yeeo i?noyoueny iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “I?aai a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia noaeiaee caoeno o noa??
a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?” i?enay/aiee oai?aoe/iei ?
i?aeoe/iei i?iaeaiai noo?, aeieeiaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia noaeiaee caoeno a?ae iai?aaii??ieo ??oaiue,
ae?e /e aacae?yeueiino? i?aai?a a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy oa a?enueeiaeo
iinaaeiaeo in?a ? neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a: “Iiiyooy
a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?” oa “Noa`?eoeai? i?aaa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o a?enueeia?e oi?aae?inuee?e noa?? oa niiniae ?o
caoenoo”.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? ia i?aenoaa? aecia/aiiy i?noey aea?aeaaieo
a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue, a caaaeueieo ?enao ie?aneth?oueny i?aaiaee
noaoon a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a a Oe?a?i?, ?ice?eaa?oueny ci?no i?aa ?
naiaiae ethaeeie oa ?oi? iaae? uiaei canoinoaaiiy ?o
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie c aeei?enoaiiyi anana?oi?o ? ?aa?iiaeueieo
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaio?a. Ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiai
iaoa??aeo i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui oae? iaiaaeaiiy iiaeii? aooe
i?i?iaeueieie ? coiiaethaaoeny eeoa niaoeeo?eith a?enueeiai? neoaeae,
caaacia/aiiyi iai?iiicaeaoiino? ? aea?aeaaii? aaciaee, i?e oeueiio
cae??iethaaoeny ia caeiiiaeaa/iio ??ai?, ui a /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoa?
a?aeia?aaeaii iaaeinoaoiuei.

I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aaeeeo /anoeio noa`?eoeaieo i?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey ia iiaeia ?aae?coaaoe aac anooio o i?aaia?aeiineie
c aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie, cie?aia i?aaiaie a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy.
Oaeiae iiaeooue iaoe i?noea iaaaoeai? iane?aeee oi?aae?inueei?
ae?yeueiino? o oi?i? ii?ooaiiy i?aa ? naiaiae a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a. O
ca`yceo c oeei iiaeathoueny oa?aeoa?enoeea, iciaee, aeaee,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c aea?aeaaiei oi?aae?iiyi, iiiyooy a?enueeiai?
oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?.

A?enueeiaa oi?aae?inueea ae?yeuei?noue aecia/a?oueny ye aeae aea?aeaaii?
oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, yea cae?enith?oueny niaoe?aeueii
oiiaiiaaaeaieie ia oa aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie oa iinaaeiaeie iniaaie,
ni?yiiaaia ia ci?oeiaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee, caaacia/aiiy aioiaiino?
a aoaeue-yeee iiiaio caoenoeoe oe?a?inueeo aea?aeaai?noue,
oa?eoi??aeueio oe?e?ni?noue ? iaaeioi?eai?noue ei?aeii?a aea?aeaae.
?icaeyaeathoueny aeaee a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy ca ??cieie e?eoa??yie
(i?aai?caoe?eii-?icii?yae/a oa aaei?i?no?aoeaii-ainiiaea?nueea,
aioo??oi? ? ciai?oi? oiui), ye? aieeaathoue ia aecia/aiiy ii?yaeeo
caoenoo noa`?eoeaiiai i?aaa.

Caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? noa`?eoeaieo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o?nii
iia`ycaia ?c caeiii?noth (a?enueeiaei i?aaiii?yaeeii, a?enueeiaith
aeenoeeie?iith) a ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue, ? oe?
iiiyooy ia iiaeooue i?ioenoaaeyoeny, aiie aca?iiiia`ycai?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aeey c`ynoaaiiy i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o
noa?? a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy ?icaeyaeathoueny caaaeueiioai?aoe/i?
ieoaiiy i?i iiiyooy oa aeaiaioe noa`?eoeaiiai i?aaa. Iaaiaeyoueny aea?
aeii?ioth/? iiceoe??, ca?aeii c iaei??th — noa`?eoeaia i?aai aeeth/a? a
naaa i?aai ia aeani? iiceoeai? ae??, a oaeiae i?aai aeiaaaoe a?ae ?ioeo
(eiie?aoieo /e aano?aeoieo o/aniee?a i?aaia?aeiinei) a/eiaiiy /e
oo?eiaiiy a?ae a/eiaiiy iaaieo ae?e. I?eoeeueieee ae ae?oai?
aaaaeathoue, ui o?ao?i aeaiaioii noa’?eoeaiiai i?aaa ? i?aai ia caoeno.
Aeio?eioth/enue ae?oai? iiceoe??, aaoi? aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue
oeoia/aiiy i?aaa ia caoeno ia o?eueee ye “i?aaa ia aeiiaaaiiy”
(E.N.ssa?/, A.I.Eiothe), “i?aaa ia ae?? aea?aeaae” (I.I.?aa?iiae/), ui
oi/a ? i?aaeeueii aecia/a? eiai nooue, aea aeaco? ia i?ioeanoaeueio
noi?iio /e ia oa, ooi iiaea oeae caoeno cae?enieoe, a ye iiaeeeaino?
iiiiaeaiiy ii?ooaiiai /e inii?aiiai i?aaa /e ioi?iithaaiiai caeiiii
?ioa?ano.

?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiiyoue “ioi?iia” ? “caoeno”,
ye? ne?ae ?ic??ciyoe. Iaa?aoe i??eoaaiiy ??cieo aaoi??a, ?iaeoueny
aeniiaie, ui iiyaa oe??? i?iaeaie coiiaeaia aeayeith iaoi/i?noth ii?i
caeiiiaeaanoaa, cie?aia noia?a/eea?noth oeea?eueiiai (noaooy 6
Oeea?eueiiai eiaeaeno O?N?) ? oeea?eueiiai i?ioeanoaeueiiai (noaooy 2
Oeea?eueiiai i?ioeanoaeueiiai eiaeaeno (iaaeae? — OeIE) Oe?a?ie)
caeiiiaeaanoaa. Cacia/a?oueny, ui iiiyooy “ioi?iia i?aaa” ? oe?oei, i?ae
iiiyooy “caoeno i?aaa”.

?niothoue ??ci? niiniae caoenoo noa`?eoeaieo i?aa. Ia i?aenoaa? /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa ? aeinyaiaiue th?eaee/ii? iaoee iiaea?oueny
oa?aeoa?enoeea ia?aaaa oa iaaeie?e?a eiaeiiai c oeeo niinia?a oa
niaoeeo?ea ?o ?aae?caoe?? a oiiaao a?enueeiai? neoaeae. O ca`yceo c oeei
aecia?oueny, ui ca a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeai iiaeiii caeeoaoeny i?aai
aeai?o niiniao caoenoo naiai ii?ooaiiai /e inii?aiiai i?aaa c
o?aooaaiiyi eiie?aoieo ianoaaei.

Oaeiae i?aee?aneth?oueny iaiao?aei?noue aeoea?caoe?? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
niiniao caoenoo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, ci?ie noaaeaiiy
a?enueeiaiai eiiaiaeoaaiiy aei nea?a a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a oa /eai?a
?oi?o n?iae, ni?eeiyooy a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey ia ye iniae, yea aeiaaa?
aeanii? aeaiaee, a oaei?, yea a ia?aaeaa/aiiio caeiiii ii?yaeeo noaaeoue
aeiiao i?i caoeno ii?ooaiiai noa’?eoeaiiai i?aaa.

?, cae/aeii, aeoiaey/e c aeooo i?aaiai? aea?aeaae, o a?enueeiaeo, ye ? o
an?o noni?eueieo a?aeiineiao, aaeeeo cia/ou?noue ii/eia? iaaoaaoe noae,
ae?yeuei?noue yeiai iiaeiia iaaeaaaoe iaeae??a?o?, iae?acoeueoaoeai?o?,
iaeia`?eoeai?o? aa?aio?? ?aae?caoe?? oa caoenoo i?aa ethaeeie ?
a?iiaaeyieia.

O aeine?aeaeaii? ?icaeyaea?oueny ?noi?e/iee aniaeo noaiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo
noaeiaiai inea?aeaiiy iai?aaii??ieo ??oaiue, ae?e /e aacae?yeueiino?
i?aai?a a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy, aoaie ?icaeoeo noaeiaiai niiniao
caoenoo i?aa a?iiaaeyi o noa?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy.

Aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ? ia ?ioeo niiniaao caoenoo i?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, cie?aia i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo, a oaeiae ia
ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo ? a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?a, ye?, oi/ ? ia
cae?eniththoue aaciina?aaei?e caoeno, aea ni?eythoue oeueiio
(i?ieo?aoo?a, Oiiaiiaaaeaiee Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie c i?aa ethaeeie).

Ia i?aenoaa? aeniiae?a th?eaee/ii? oai??? oa ia aeeiiaiiy noaoo? 60
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue
cae??ieaiiy i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia iaaeeiiaiiy iaeac?a
eiiaiaee??a (ia/aeueiee?a), ni?yiiaaieo ia a/eiaiiy cei/eio /e aeaeaieo
anoia?a/ ?ioa?anai neoaeae, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ie?aiee
iath?enaeeeoe?eiee niin?a caoenoo — oae caaiee naiicaoeno o ioae?/ieo (a
oiio /ene? a?enueeiaeo) i?aaia?aeiineiao. I?e oeueiio i?aee?aneth?oueny
iaiao?aei?noue /?oeiai caeiiiaeaa/iai aecia/aiiy iiiyooy “?ioa?ane
neoaeae” ? i?ioeaaeo?e ?aae?caoe?? oeueiai i?aaa.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeuaiaaaaeaiiai noi?ioeueiaaii i?aai a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a
ia noaeiaee caoeno o noa?? a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? ye
cae??ieaii? ? aa?aioiaaii? Eiinoeoooe??th ? oeea?eueiei i?ioeanoaeueiei
caeiiiaeaanoaii Oe?a?ie iiaeeeaino? a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ca
aeiiiiiaith ae?yeueiino? noaeo iiiiaeoe nai? ii?ooai? i?aaa /e onoiooe
ia?aoeiaee a ?o ?aae?caoe??. Oea i?aai ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith i?aaa
a?iiaaeyi ia noaeiaee caoeno o noa?? ioae?/ii? oi?aae?inueei?
ae?yeueiino? ? anacaaaeueiiai i?aaa ia noaeiaee caoeno i?aa, naiaiae ?
ioi?iithaaieo ?ioa?an?a ethaeeie ? a?iiaaeyieia.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Ii?ooaiiy ni?aa ca nea?aaie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o
noa?? a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?” i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo
ieoaiue ia?aaeoiia i?aaa ia caa?iaiiy aei noaeo oa i?ioeanoaeueiiai
ii?yaeeo eiai ?aae?caoe?? o ni?aaao ca nea?aaie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a
ia ae?yeuei?noue a?enueeiaiai eiiaiaeoaaiiy.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e?, ?icaeyaeath/e i?aai ia noaeiaee caoeno i?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o noa?? a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?
ye iiaeeea?noue i?eioniaiai caaacia/aiiy ?o cae?eniaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
noaeo, i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui i?aai ia caa?iaiiy aei noaeo — oea
iiaeeea?noue caa?iaiiy aei noaeo c iaoith ii?ooeoe oeea?eueiee i?ioean c
i?eaiaeo caoenoo oeeo ioae?/ieo i?aa. Aiae?c ia?aaeoiia cae?eniaiee
oaeei /eiii, ui iniiaia oaaaa cina?aaeaeaia ia oeo, ye? iathoue iaaio
niaoeeo?eo o ca`yceo c iniaeeainoyie a?enueeiaeo oi?aae?inueeeo
a?aeiinei.

Oae, oeea?eueiith i?ioeanoaeueiith i?aaicaeaoi?noth ia caa?iaiiy aei
noaeo ca caoenoii nai?o i?aa a oi?aae?inuee?e noa??
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe? noaee iaae?eai? eeoa c 1991 ?ieo ? oaia? iaae?eai?
iath iacaeaaeii a?ae a?enueeiaiai caaiiy ? caeiaii? iinaaee.

O ca`yceo c? ci?iaie no/aniiai caeiiiaeaanoaa i?aee?aneth?oueny
o?ainoi?ioaaiiy ?inoeoooo noaeiai? i?aea?aeii/ino?, ine?eueee, ca?aeii
c? noaooath 124 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, th?enaeeeoe?y noae?a iioe?th?oueny
ia an? i?aaia?aeiineie a aea?aeaa?. ?icaeyiooi niaoe?ae?ciaaio noaeiao
i?aea?aeii/?noue o ii?yaeeo ie?aieo aeaa ? ?icae?e?a OeIE Oe?a?ie.
I?aee?aneaii, ui i?aaeea aeaae 31-A oeueiai Eiaeaeno iathoue oa?aeoa?
caaaeueii? ii?ie uiaei caoenoo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o noa??
a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy. Oiio ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ie?ai? eaoaai??? ni?aa,
ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny o niaoe?aeueiiio ii?yaeeo (o aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeiino?
aecia/aiiy eiinoeoooe?eiino? aeayeeo aeo?a, ine?eueee ? Aa?oiaia ?aaea,
? I?aceaeaio, ? Eaa?iao I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie iaae?eai? iiaiiaaaeaiiyie
uiaei a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy; inii?aiiy ae?yeueiino? a?enueeiaeo
noa`?eo?a ii aeeiiaiith ooieoe?e i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy ? iinaaeiai? iniae,
yea ia? i?aai a/eiyoe iioa??aeuei? ae??).

Aecia/ath/e ?iciaaeoaaiiy noaeiai? i?aea?aeii/ino? uiaei nea?a ia
a/eiaiiy /e a?aeiiao o a/eiaii? iioa??aeueieo ae?e a?aeiia?aeieie
iinaaeiaeie iniaaie, ?icaeyaea?oueny ieoaiiy i?aaiai? i?e?iaee oeueiai
aeaeo i?iaaaeaeaiiy ? aaoi? aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui iacaaaeath/e ia
i?iiiceoe?? aeciaoe oeae aeae oaeei, ui iaeaaeaoue aei i?iaaaeaeaiiy o
ni?aaao, ye? aeieeathoue c aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?aaia?aeiinei, i?e?iaeo
oeueiai i?iaaaeaeaiiy ne?ae aecia/aoe aeoiaey/e ia c i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e i?aai?a iioa??aoo, a c i?ecia/aiiy ?o ae?yeueiino?, yea
ia?aaaaeii iieyaa? o ni?eyii? ?aae?caoe?? noa’?eoeaieo i?aa a?iiaaeyi ia
o ioae?/i?e, a a i?eaaoii-i?aaia?e noa??, iaeiae iiaiaeaeo?oueny c oei,
ui oea i?iaaaeaeaiiy ? ni??iei.

A?aecia/a?oueny oaeiae oa, ui ii?ia oeea?eueiiai i?ioeanoaeueiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i iai?aea?aeii/?noue noaeo nea?a ia aeoe, ui
noinothoueny caaacia/aiiy iai?iiicaeaoiino? aea?aeaae, aea?aeaaii?
aaciaee, ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?, caa?aaeaiiy aea?aeaaii?,
a?enueeiai? oa neoaeaiai? oa?iieoe?, ia a?aeiia?aea? ii?iai Eiinoeoooe??
Oe?a?ie, aaeaea aiia nooo?ai iaiaaeo? i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia
inea?aeaiiy iai?aaii??ii? a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?.

O?oaeiiu? a noaeia?e i?aeoeoe? aeieeathoue c aecia/aiiyi i?aea?aeii/ino?
ni?aa, ye? noinothoueny aeeoeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei, a oaeiae ni?aa,
iia’ycaieo ?c iaaeeiiaiiyi /e iaiaeaaeiei aeeiiaiiyi oiia eiio?aeoo i?i
i?ioiaeaeaiiy a?enueeiai? neoaeae, inii?aiiyi i?aaii??iino? ca?eueiaiiy
c a?enueeiai? neoaeae.

Aecia/ath/e i?aea?aeii/?noue aeeoeiaeo nii??a, ne?ae ?ic??ciyoe aeaa
aeaee aeeoeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei: a?aeiineie, ye? aeieeathoue ia i?aenoaa?
aeiaiai?o aeeoeiaiai iaeio; ? a?aeiineie, ye? neeaaeathoueny ia noaae??
iaaeaiiy aeeoea (o oiio /ene? ieoaiiy iae?eo a?iiaaeyi, ye? iio?aaothoue
iie?ioaiiy aeeoeiaeo oiia). Aeae i?aaia?aeiinei (a?aeiia?aeii
oeea?eueii-i?aaia? oa aaei?i?no?aoeai?) aecia/a? ? ii?yaeie caoenoo
i?aa.

Ia noaae?? caaacia/aiiy a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a aeeoeii aeieeathoue
a?aeiia?aei? i?aaia?aeiineie, noa`?eoaie yeeo ? a?enueeiaineoaeaiaaoeue
oa /eaie eiai n?i`?, eiiaiaee? a?enueeiai? /anoeie ? aeeoeiaa eii?n?y,
noai?aia c iaoith i?aaeeueiiai iae?eo a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, ye?
iio?aaothoue iie?ioaiiy aeeoeiaeo oiia. Naia oe? i?aaia?aeiineie ?
aaei?i?no?aoeaieie ? iiaeooue aooe i?aaeiaoii noaeiaiai inea?aeaiiy.

Aeciath/e, ye niaoeeo?/io ia?aaeoiiao, iayai?noue nii?o i?i i?aai
aaei?i?no?aoeaia, i?iaiaeeoueny ii??aiyiiy c? nii?ii i?i i?aai
oeea?eueia o iiciaiiio i?iaaaeaeaii?, ia i?aenoaa? /iai aecia?oueny ?o
cia/ia iiae?ai?noue. C`ynoaaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ia? ?noioia cia/aiiy aeey
ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?i ii?yaeie noaeiaiai caoenoo, ianaiia?aae,
aecia/aiiy noaeiai? i?aea?aeii/ino? o ni?aaao, ye? noinothoueny
iaaeeiiaiiy /e iaiaeaaeiiai aeeiiaiiy a?enueeiaei eiiaiaeoaaiiyi oiia
eiio?aeoo i?i i?ioiaeaeaiiy a?enueeiai? neoaeae.

Ia i?aenoaa? ii??aiyiiy iciae eiio?aeoo i?i i?ioiaeaeaiiy a?enueeiai?
neoaeae c iciaeaie aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ? o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o, aeioiaeeii
aeniiaeo, ui eiai ne?ae aeciaoe niaoeeo?/iei o?oaeiaei aeiaiai?ii,
iacaaaeath/e ia cia/io /anoeio ?iia?aoeaieo ii?i o iueiio. Oaea
aecia/aiiy ni?eyoeia ia`?eoeaiiio noaeiaiio ?icaeyaeo ni?aa i?i
ii?ooaiiy oiia eiio?aeoo, a oaeiae ni?aa i?i ca?eueiaiiy c a?enueeiai?
neoaeae, a?eueo aoaeoeaiiio caoenoo i?aa oa ?ioa?an?a
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ? aea?aeaae, aaeaea o oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeooue
canoiniaoaaoeny an? ?inoeoooe iiciaiiai i?iaaaeaeaiiy.

?io? ae ia?aaeoiiae i?aaa ia caa?iaiiy aei noaeo ia iathoue ?noioiiai
cia/aiiy aeey icia/aii? eaoaai??? ni?aa, a aeaye? c ieo acaaae? ia
iiaeooue canoiniaoaaoeny o oe?e eaoaai??? ni?aa /a?ac iniaeeaino?
ioae?/ieo i?aaia?aeiinei.

A?ae ia?aaeoiia i?aaa ia caa?iaiiy aei noaeo iio??aii a?ae??ciyoe
ii?yaeie eiai ?aae?caoe??, i?ae yeei ne?ae ?icoi?oe aeio?eiaiiy iecee
aeiia oeea?eueiiai i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa uiaei i?ioeaaeo?e
caa?iaiiy aei noaeo.

I?e aiae?c? ii?yaeeo ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia
caa?iaiiy aei noaeo ?ice?eaathoueny ie?ai? eiai neeaaeia?, ye? iathoue
?noioia cia/aiiy uiaei eaoaai??? ni?aa, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny (iayai?noue
iiaiiaaaeaiue ia aaaeaiiy ni?aae, iayai?noue oeea?eueii? i?ioeanoaeueii?
ae??caeaoiino?, aeio?eiaiiy i?aaee i?aenoaeiino? ? oi?ie caa?iaiiy,
nieaoo aea?aeaaiiai ieoa oa ?i.).

Iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue aeciaoe oaeeie, ui iaae?eai?
oeea?eueiith i?ioeanoaeueiith ae??caeaoi?noth ia aaaeaiiy ni?aae oe???
eaoaai???, eo?naio?a a?enueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ? aei aeinyaiaiiy
ieie iiaiie?ooy.

Aeio?eiaiiy i?aaee i?aenoaeiino? ? neeaaeiaith ii?yaeeo ?aae?caoe??
i?aaa ia caa?iaiiy aei noaeo ? o oeueiio ca`yceo ?icaeyaeathoueny
ieoaiiy i?iaaaeaiiy noaeiai-i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie uiaei niaoe?ae?caoe??
noae?a, ye? a cae?enithaaee caoeno i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o noa??
a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy. C iiaeeeaino? iiae?eo noaeiai? nenoaie
aea?aeaae ia ie?ai? i?aenenoaie aeoiaeeoue Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie. Ioiae,
iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?nioaaiiy oaeeo niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
noae?a, ye aaei?i?no?aoeaiee ? a?enueeiaee.

A?aecia/ath/e iiceoeai? (i?ioan?iiae?ci, aocueea iaoa??aeueia
niaoe?ae?caoe?y) oa iaaaoeai? (iiaeeea?noue aeieeiaiiy nii??a i?i
i?aea?aeii/?noue i?ae ??cieie a?eeaie ?, ye iane?aeie, oo?oaeiaiiy
caoenoo noa’?eoeaieo i?aa) iiiaioe niaoe?ae?caoe?? noae?a, o ?iaio?
i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui a?aoiaoth/e eiie?aoi? ianoaaeie, ye? neeaeeny a
Oe?a?i? (e?eciaee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee noai, a?aenooi?noue o?aaeeoe?e
noaeiaiai caoenoo i?aa, iinooioae?oa?iee ia??iae ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa,
a yeiio iacaeaaeia noaeiaa nenoaia o?eueee ii/eia? oi?ioaaoeny),
iaiao?aeii ci?oeithaaoe noaeiao aeaaeo oeyoii ?? eiioeaio?aoe??, a ia
iiae??aiaiiy, yea noai?th? oiiae aeey aeieeiaiiy nii??a ana?aaeei? ia?
naii?.

Iio?aaa o niaoe?ae?ciaaieo noaeao iiaeiia iac??oe o noni?euenoa?, aaeaea
oai?aiiy iiaeo i?aaiaeo ii?i aac a?aeiia?aeii? nioe?aeueii? iniiae,
a?oioiaiiai oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aacoe?eueiei aeo?a/aiiyi /ano,
aia?a??, a?ioiaeo cania?a ?, acaaae?, iiaea i?ecaanoe aei iaaaaeaieo
iane?aee?a.

O aeine?aeaeaii? aeaco?oueny ia iaiao?aei?noue neanoaaiiy oae caaii?
“?inoaioe?eii?” i?aenoaeiino?, i?e ye?e inoaiiy aecia/a?oueny caeaaeii
a?ae i?aaiaiai noaoono noa`?eoa a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?.
Aecia?oueny, ui ?aaeaiaioiaaia /eiiei oeea?eueiei i?ioeanoaeueiei
caeiiiaeaanoaii i?aaeei i?i i?aenoaei?noue ni?aa icia/aii? eaoaai???
iaiao?aeii ci?ieoe, aaiaey/e aeueoa?iaoeaio i?aenoaei?noue — ca i?noeai
ciaoiaeaeaiiy noa`?eoa oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? aai i?noeai
i?iaeeaaiiy a?iiaaeyieia (a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey).

?icaeyaeathoueny a ?iaio? oaeiae eiie?aoi? aeiaaeee aecia/aiiy
i?aenoaeiino? ni?aa a caeaaeiino? a?ae noa`?eoiiai neeaaeo ni??iiai
i?aaia?aeiioaiiy ? eiai i?aaeiaoa.

Aei i?ioeanoaeueiiai ii?yaeeo ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a
aei noaeo ne?ae oaeiae a?aeianoe aeiaea?aeaiiy i?ioeanoaeueii? oi?ie
ae?aaeaiiy nea?ae, a oaeiae iieaoa nea?ae aea?aeaaiei ieoii.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iniaeeaino? ie?aieo noaae?e noaeiaiai
i?iaaaeaeaiiy o ni?aaao ca nea?aaie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a”
?icaeyaeathoueny “Ianoaaeie, ye? iaiao?aeii anoaiiaeoe o noaeiaiio
can?aeaii?, oa i?ioeanoaeuei? caniae ?o anoaiiaeaiiy” oa “Iinoaiiae
noaeo o ni?aaao ca nea?aaie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a oa iniaeeaino? ?o
aeeiiaiiy”.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? noaeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ianoaaei ni?aae, aei yeeo aoiaeyoue:

— ianoaaeie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?aaiaee noaoon noa’?eoa a?enueeiaiai
oi?aae?iiy, ae?yeuei?noue yeiai inii?th?oueny, oa iiaeeea?noue
i?eoyaiaiiy eiai aei o/ano? o ni?aa?;

— ianoaaeie, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue a?aeiia?aei?noue caeiiiaeaanoao
??oaiue, ae?e /e aacae?yeueiino? i?aaio a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy
(a?enueeiai? iinaaeiai? iniae);

— ianoaaeie, ye? aeacothoue ia ii?ooaiiy noa’?eoeaieo i?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a oa /eai?a ?oi?o n?iae;

— ianoaaeie, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ca’ycie i?ae ia’?eoeaiaaiei
?acoeueoaoii a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? ? ii?ooaiiyi i?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a.

O ?iaio? aeaco?oueny ia iaoi/i?noue aaeeaaiiy o oeea?eueiiio
i?ioeanoaeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? oa?i?ia “noa’?eo inea?aeaiiy”, yeei, ii
noo?, iicia/athoue noa`?eo oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, aea noa`?eo ? a
o?einionueeeo, ? a i?aaiaeo iaoeao aenooia? aeoeaiei o/anieeii
a?aeiinei, iin??i ae?yeueiino?, a, ioaea, iei ne?ae aeciaoe eeoa
a?iiaaeyieia (o oiio /ene? a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey), yeee caa?oa?oueny aei
noaeo.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe i?aaiaee noaoon aeeoeiaeo eii?n?e, iiaeia c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui ine?eueee aaaaoi ?oi?o ??oaiue iaaoaathoue /eiiino? eeoa c
iiiaioo ?o caoaa?aeaeaiiy eiiaiaee?ii a?enueeiai? /anoeie, aa?i?ciio, o
eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo noae iiaeiai anoaiiaeoe, yeee i?aai
(iinaaeiaa iniaa) ? noa`?eoii oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, oiaoi i?eeiya
??oaiiy, a/eiea ae?th /e aeiionoea aacae?yeuei?noue i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?o,
/ei ii?ooea i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey. Ne?ae aeoiaeeoe c ianooiiiai:
yeui aiia (eii?n?y) i?eeiyea inoaoi/ia ??oaiiy, yea ia aeiaaa?
iiaeaeueoiai caoaa?aeaeaiiy aeey iaaoooy iei /eiiino?, ?? ae?yeuei?noue
iiaea aooe inea?aeaia aei noaeo, a ?ioiio aeiaaeeo ne?ae i?eoyaoaaoe ye
noi?iio o ni?aa? oie i?aai /e iniao, ye? i?eeiyee inoaoi/ia ??oaiiy ?
oei naiei ii?ooeee noa’?eoeai? i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a.

I?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? iiiyoue “i?aai a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy” ?
“a?enueeiaa iinaaeiaa iniaa”, ye? a neeo niaoeeo?ee a?enueeiai?
i?aai?caoe?? (ae?y i?eioeeio ?aeeiiia/aeueiino?), ye i?aaeei,
ca?aathoueny a iaei?e inia?, caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia oa, ui iiiyooy
“iinaaeiaa iniaa” a ??cieo aaeocyo i?aaa aecia/a?oueny ii-??ciiio.
??ciia?e aeieea? ua e /a?ac oa, ui oeea?eueia i?ioeanoaeueia
caeiiiaeaanoai aaeeaa? oa?i?i “neoaeaiaa iniaa”, caeiiiaeaanoai i?i
nioe?aeueiee ? i?aaiaee caoeno a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a — “iinaaeiaa
iniaa”, a Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie — iaeaeaa oa?i?ie.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiai iaoa??aeo ? aeoiaey/e c aeooo caeiio, ?c
noo? aeeiioaaieo caaaeaiue ? ooieoe?e, aei?a/i?oa canoiniaoaaoe iiiyooy
“a?enueeiaa iinaaeiaa iniaa”, i?ae yeei ne?ae ?icoi?oe an?o a?enueeiaeo
ia/aeueiee?a (ca iinaaeith ? ca a?enueeiaei caaiiyi), a oaeiae ?ioeo
in?a, ye? iino?eii aai oei/aniai cae?eniththoue
i?aai?caoe?eii-?icii?yae/?, aaei?i?no?aoeaii-ainiiaea?nuee? ooieoe?? a
aea?aeaaieo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo.

?acoeueoaoii oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, yeee iiaea aooe i?aaeiaoii
noaeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ne?ae aeciaaaoe ??oaiiy, ae?? /e
aacae?yeuei?noue a?enueeiaeo i?aai?a, i?e /iio cacia/a?oueny, ui ??oaiiy
? iiiyooyi /anoeiaei uiaei iiiyooy ae?e, a inea?aeaiiy aacae?yeueiino?
a?enueeiai? aeaaee oaeiae iiaea aooe i?aaeiaoii noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo,
aaeaea iaaaeeooy iaaieo caoiae?a c aieo a?enueeiaiai eiiaiaeoaaiiy
iiaeooue nooo?ai ii?oooaaoe noa’?eoeai? i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a.

O ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi oaeiae ieoaiiy inea?aeaiiy noai?aiiy ia?aoeiae aeey
?aae?caoe?? eiinoeoooe?eieo i?aa ? naiaiae, yea, ii noo?, ? ie?aiei
aeiaaeeii ii?ooaiiy noa`?eoeaieo i?aa, a oaeiae iiaeeea?noue inea?aeaiiy
i?eoyaiaiiy aei a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, yeo ia ia?aaeaa/aii caeiiii, yea
iiaea o?aeooaaoeny ye iieeaaeaiiy ia a?iiaaeyieia iaia`yceo, ia
ia?aaeaa/aiiai caeiiii aai a ii?ooaiiy ii?yaeeo anoaiiaeaiiai aeey eiai
iaeeaaeaiiy.

?icaeyaeath/e i?eioeei ciaaaeueiino? a oeea?eueiiio i?ioean?, yeee
inoaii?i /anii caciaa cia/ieo ci?i, oa i?aee?anethth/e iniaeea?noue
i?aaiaiai noaoono o/aniee?a aaei?i?no?aoeaieo, cie?aia a?enueeiaeo,
i?aaia?aeiinei, a ca?aene ? iaai? o?oaeiiu? uiaei cai?o aeieaciaiai
iaoa??aeo, ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?iciiae?eo oyaa?y
aeieacoaaiiy a oe?e eaoaai??? ni?aa, ca?aeii c yeeie
a?enueeiai-oi?aae?inueeee i?aai ciaia`ycaiee aeiaiaeeoe a?aeiia?aei?noue
aeiiaai caeiio ae?yeueiino?, yea inea?aeo?oueny, a ia
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey iiaeiai iieeaaeaoeny iaia’ycie aeiaanoe ii?ooaiiy
naiai noa’?eoeaiiai i?aaa ? oa, ui aiii ii?ooaia naia inea?aeoaaiith
a?enueeiai-oi?aae?inueeith ae?yeuei?noth.

?icaeyaeathoueny oaeiae iniaeeaino? canoinoaaiiy i?ioeanoaeueieo cania?a
anoaiiaeaiiy ianoaaei ni?aae (iiyniaiiy noi??i ni??iiai
i?aaia?aeiioaiiy, iieacaiue na?aee?a, ienueiia?, ?a/ia? aeieace,
aeniiaee aenia?o?a), i?e /iio aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia ?ie? ienueiiaeo
aeieac?a o oe?e eaoaai??? ni?aa, a caaaeath/e ia iniaeea?noue
a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy, aea aaeeeo ?ieue a?ae?a?a? oniee iaeac, ?
iieacaiue na?aee?a.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy cae??ieaiiy anueiai
i?ioeano o ni?aa? — aeianaiiy noaeiaiai ??oaiiy, a oaeiae ?ioeo iinoaiia
noaeo.

Aaciina?aaei?e caoeno ii?ooaieo noa’?eoeaieo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a
iaiiaeeeaee aac aeciaiiy iai?aaii??iith oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?.
Oae, iai?aaii??ieie ne?ae aeciaaaoe oae? ??oaiiy, ae?? /e
aacae?yeuei?noue, ye? noia?a/aoue aeiiaai caeiio ? ii?ooothoue i?aaa,
naiaiaee oa ioi?iithaai? caeiiii ?ioa?ane a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o
ioae?/ii-i?aaia?e, cie?aia a?enueeia?e, noa??.

Aaoi? ia iiaiaeaeo?oueny c oei, ui iiaeia aeciaaaoe iacaeiiieie
?acoeueoaoe oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? aeey eiie?aoiiai aeiaaeeo /e
noiniaii iaaii? iniae, aaeaea oea ii?ooo? caaaeuei? i?aaia? i?eioeeie
(??aiino? a?iiaaeyi ia?aae caeiiii, ae?? caeiio a /an?, i?inoi?? ? ca
eieii in?a oiui).

Aeeneon?eiei caeeoa?oueny ieoaiiy i?i iaae? ao?o/aiiy noaeo a
ae?yeuei?noue aaei?i?no?aoeaieo, o oiio /ene? a?enueeiaeo, i?aai?a.
Aecia?oueny, ui noae ia iiaeiai ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy, ye? noaiiaeyoue
aeeeth/io eiiiaoaioe?th oi?aae?inueeeo i?aai?a (aaei?i?no?aoeaiee
?icnoae, aeioe?euei?noue), iai?eeeaae, i?i aeino?ieiaa i?enai?iiy
a?enueeiaiai caaiiy, iaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo i?euea oiui. Oi/a ne?ae
aeciaoe aca?iiiia’ycai?noue ieoaiue aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?icnoaeo
(aeioe?eueiino?) ?c caeiii?noth, ine?eueee ia?oa iiaea ?aae?ciaoaaoeny
eeoa a iaaeao ae?oai?.

O noaeiaiio ??oaii? oaeiae ae??oo?oueny ieoaiiy i?i ?iciiae?e noaeiaeo
aeo?ao. Noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui ii?ia i?i iieeaaeaiiy aeo?ao, iia`ycaieo c
?icaeyaeii ni?aae, aeeth/ath/e e aeo?aoe, iia`ycai? c iaaeaiiyi
th?eaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, ii?caeeaie, ia i?aai a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy
(a?enueeiao iinaaeiao iniao) iieeeeaia aa?aiooaaoe iiai?oee caoeno
noa`?eoeaieo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o noa?? oi?aae?inueei?
ae?yeueiino?. Iaeiae oaea ae iiaeeea?noue iieeaaeaiiy o?iainiaeo aeo?ao
ia a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey o aeiaaeeo iinoaiiaeaiiy ??oaiiy i?i a?aeiiao a
caaeiaieaii? eiai nea?ae iiaea no?eioaaoe a?iiaaeyi a?ae caa?iaiiy aei
noaeo o aeiaaeeo iaaeinoaoiino? aeieaciaiai iaoa??aeo, iecueei? i?aaiai?
ina?oe. O oeueiio ieai?, ne?ae aeoiaeeoe c oiai, ui aea?aeaaa iiaeiia
aooe caoe?eaaeaiith a oiio, uia a?iiaaeyie a?aenoithaaee, o oiio /ene? ?
a noae?, iaaeai? ?i i?aaa oa naiaiaee, ? uia oae? caa?iaiiy ia aoee aeey
ieo iaoyaeeeaeie.

I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui noaeia? i?aaie iiaeii? caa?oaoe oaaao ia ii?ooaiiy
aeiia caeiiiino? c aieo a?enueeiaiai eiiaiaeoaaiiy, a oaeiae iaeaaeiei
/eiii ?aaaoaaoe o oi?i? ie?aieo ooaae (ui iaeaea ia canoiniao?oueny o
noaeia?e i?aeoeoe?), a, o ?ac? iaiao?aeiino?, ca iayaiino? aeinoaoi?o
i?aenoaa oa i?eaiae?a, e ii?oooaaoe e?ei?iaeuei? ni?aae.

Iniaeeaee aeoeaio ?iaeoueny ia i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino? i?aainoaeaey, ui
aeyaey?oueny ia e?ioeaa?e noaae?? oeea?eueiiai i?ioeano — aeeiiaii?, ?
ie?aii aa?oi i?aee?aneeoe, ui ni?aae ca nea?aaie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a
iiaeii? ia?aaoaaoe caaaeaee i?ae eiio?ieai noaeo (iaiao?aeia iia?aoeaia
?aaaoaaiiy noaeo ia iaaeeiiaiiy /e iaiaeaaeia aeeiiaiiy noaeiaeo
??oaiue). Caaaeath/e ia niaoeeo?eo oi?aae?inueeeo i?aaia?aeiinei
caaaeii, oa a?enueeiaeo — cie?aia, yea iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeeiiaiiy
noaeiaiai ??oaiiy o ni?aaao icia/aii? eaoaai??? iieyaa?, ye i?aaeei, o
a/eiaii? iaaieo ae?e, ye? a iueiio aeacai?, oae? ??oaiiy aeeiiothoueny a
iniaeeaiio ii?yaeeo.

AENIIAEE

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a
?iaio? ae??oaii iaoeiaa caaaeaiiy noiniaii aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i ii?yaeie ?icaeyaeo noaeaie ni?aa ca nea?aaie
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia ??oaiiy, ae?? /e aacae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a
a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy oa a?enueeiaeo iinaaeiaeo in?a oa i?aeoeee eiai
canoinoaaiiy.

Noi?ioeueiaaii ?yae aeniiae?a, iaeaaaeeea?oeie na?aae ieo ?:

— i?aaiaee noaoon a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a iiaeiai aooe caeiiiaeaa/i
cae??ieaiee ? iaiaaeaiiy i?aa oa naiaiae a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a iiaeiii
cae?enithaaoeny, aeoiaey/e c i?eioeeio eiai aeioe?eueiino?,
coiiaethaaoeny eeoa iniaeeainoyie a?enueeiai? neoaeae;

— i?aaeeueia aecia/aiiy aeaeo a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? oa
?? noa`?eo?a aieeaa? ia oi?io caoenoo i?aaa ? aecia/aiiy i?aaio, yeee
oaeee caoeno cae?enith?;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy cae??ieaiiy i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia iaaeeiiaiiy
iaeaco eiiaiaee?a (ia/aeueieea), ni?yiiaaiiai ia a/eiaiiy cei/eio /e
a?aeaeaiiai anoia?a/ ?ioa?anai neoaeae, a oaeiae i?ioeaaeo?e ?aae?caoe??
oeueiai i?aaa;

— i?aaeea aecia/aiiy noaeiai? i?aea?aeii/ino? o
a?enueeiai-oi?aae?inueeeo i?aaia?aeiineiao, uiaei yeeo ?niothoue
iaea?eueo? o?oaeiio? o noaeia?e i?aeoeoe? (aeeoeia? i?aaia?aeiineie,
i?aaia?aeiineie, ye? aeieeathoue o ca`yceo c iaaeeiiaiiyi /e iaiaeaaeiei
aeeiiaiiyi oiia eiio?aeoo i?i i?ioiaeaeaiiy a?enueeiai? neoaeae, i?e
ca?eueiaii? c a?enueeiai? neoaeae, ae?e ? ??oaiue a?enueeiaeo
eiiaiaee??a (ia/aeueiee?a) uiaei cae?eniaiiy ieie ooieoe?e i?aaio
ae?ciaiiy /e iinaaeiai? iniae, yea oiiaiiaaaeaia a/eiyoe iioa??aeuei?
ae??);

— iaaeioe?euei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy niaoe?ae?caoe?? noaeiaeo i?aai?a, ye?
a ae??ooaaee aaei?i?no?aoeai? nii?e, cie?aia nii?e i?ae
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie ? a?enueeiaei eiiaiaeoaaiiyi;

— ianoaaeiaie ni?aae, ye? noaiiaeyoue i?aaeiao aeieacoaaiiy (noaeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy) ii oe?e eaoaai??? ni?aa, ?: ieoaiiy c`ynoaaiiy i?aaiaiai
noaoono noa`?eoa a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?,
a?aeiia?aeiino? ia`?eoeaiaaiiai ae?aco oe??? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?
aeiiaai caeiio, oaeo ii?ooaiiy noa`?eoeaieo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a
oa i?e/eiiee ca`ycie i?ae i?ioei?aaiith ae?yeuei?noth a?enueeiaeo
i?aai?a ? iaaaoeaieie iane?aeeaie (ii?ooaiiy i?aa ? naiaiae);

— iiae?e oyaa?y aeieacoaaiiy aecia/a?oueny oaeei /eiii, ui noa`?eo
a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy iiaeiai aeiaanoe a?aeiia?aei?noue nai??
ae?yeueiino? aeiiaai i?aaiaeo ii?i, a a?enueeiaineoaeaiaaoeue — oaeo
ii?ooaiiy naiai noa`?eoeaiiai i?aaa ? ui naia inea?aeaiith
oi?aae?inueeith ae?yeuei?noth aiii ii?ooaia;

— noae, ae??ooth/e ni?aao ii noo? ? aeiiny/e ??oaiiy, ia ai?aa?
ao?o/aoeny a iia?aoeaio ae?yeuei?noue noa`?eo?a a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy
(aeioe?euei?noue a oi?aae?inuee?e noa??). A?i ia?aa??y? eeoa caeiii?noue
oa iaa?oioiaai?noue a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. A?eionia TH. A. Aei ieoaiiy i?i niiniae caoenoo i?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a a?ae iai?aaii??iiai iaeaco // Aaeaieao. — 1998. —
? 4. — N. 23-25.

2. A?eionia TH. A. Iiiyooy i?aaa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia noaeiaee
caoeno o noa?? a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? // Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? 6. *anoeia II.- Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai Aeaaeai??
IAO, 1998. — N.122-127.

3. A?eionia TH. A. Noa`?eoe a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?,
??oaiiy, ae?? /e aacae?yeuei?noue yeeo iiaeooue aooe inea?aeai?
aei noaeo // I?aai Oe?a?ie. — 1999. — ? 3. — N. 66-68.

4. A?eionia TH. A. Noaeiaee caoeno i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o
aeeoeiaeo aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?aaia?aeiineiao // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue ? 7. *anoeia II. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai Aeaaeai?? IAO, 1998.
— N. 221-226.

5. A?eionia TH. A., Oa?eiianueea I. ?. Aei ieoaiiy i?i i?aaiao i?e?iaeo
i?iaaaeaeaiiy ii ni?aaao, ye? aeieeathoue c aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaeo
a?aeiinei // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? 7. *anoeia II. —
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai Aeaaeai?? IAO, 1998. — N. 217-220.

AIIOAOe??

A?eionia TH.A. Noaeiaa i?iaaaeaeaiiy o ni?aaao ca nea?aaie
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ia iai?aaii??i? ae?? ? ??oaiiy i?aai?a
a?enueeiaiai oi?aae?iiy oa a?enueeiaeo iinaaeiaeo in?a — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
th?eaee/ieo iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 20.02.03 — A?enueeiaa i?aai;
a?enueeia? aniaeoe i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa. — Aeaaeai?y I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?iai? Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai, i. Oiaeueieoeueeee,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai noaeiaiai caoenoo i?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a a?ae iai?aaii??ii? a?enueeiai? oi?aae?inueei?
ae?yeueiino?. A ?iaio? ie?aneaii oeyoe ? iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiai?
oai??? oa /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa a oe?e noa??, aecia/aii a?enueeiao
oi?aae?inueeo ae?yeuei?noue ia o?eueee ye noa?o aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy,
aea e ye noa?o ?aae?caoe?? ?yaeo noa`?eoeaieo i?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a oa /eai?a ?oi?o n?iae, iiaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo
iniiaieo niinia?a caoenoo i?aa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
i?ae ieie, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ia?aaeoiiae i?aaa ia caa?iaiiy aei noaeo o
oe?e eaoaai??? ni?aa, ii?yaeie ?aae?caoe?? oeueiai i?aaa, iniaeeaino?
noaeiaiai ?icaeyaeo, aeieacoaaiiy ianoaaei ni?aae, aeianaiiy noaeiaiai
??oaiiy ? eiai aeeiiaiiy o ni?aaao ca nea?aaie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nea?aa, a?enueeiaineoaeaiaaoeue, a?enueeiaa iinaaeiaa
iniaa, noa’?eoeaia i?aai, noaeiaa i?iaaaeaeaiiy, caoeno, noaeiaee
?icaeyae, noaeiaa ??oaiiy, iaeac.

Belousov Yu.V. Court Proceedings In Cases Commenced On Complaints Lodged
By Servicemen Against Unlawful Actions And Decisions Of Military Command
Bodies And Military Officials — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate of Law`s degree by specialized 20.02.03 —
Military Law; Military aspects of International Law.- Academy of Border
Guard Troops of Ukraine named after Bogdan Khmelnytskyi, Khmelnytskyi,
1999.

The dissertation is dedicated to the problem of legal protection of the
rights of servicemen from unlawful military command actions. The work
defines the ways and guidelines for the improvement of legal theory,
effective legislation in this sphere and the practice of its
application. The work decribes principal methods of protection of the
rights of servicemen and the place of court protection among these
methods. Decribes implications of the law regarding appeals to the court
with this category of cases, procedure of application of this law,
peculiarities of court examination, proving circumstances of the case,
bringind court decisions and their execution in cases initiated on the
comlaints of servicemen.

The key words: complaint, serviceman, military official, subject right,
court proceeding, protection, court examination, court decision, order.

Aaeionia TH.A. Noaeaaiia i?iecaiaenoai a aeaeao ii aeaeiaai
aiaiiineoaeaueo ia iai?aaiia?iua aeaenoaey e ?aoaiey i?aaiia aiaiiiai
oi?aaeaiey e aiaiiuo aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 20.02.03 — Aiaiiia i?aai; aiaiiua aniaeou
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa.- Aeaaeaiey Iia?aie/iuo aiene Oe?aeiu ei.
Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeeiai, a.Oiaeueieoeeee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai noaeaaiie caueou i?aa aiaiiineoaeaueo
io iai?aaiia?iie aieineie oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, a iae aeaia
oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaiuo niiniaia caueou i?aa aiaiiineoaeaueo e
niioiioaiey iaaeaeo ieie; ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu i?aaeiinueee i?aaa ia
ia?auaiea a noae ii yoie eaoaai?ee aeae; iniaaiiinoe noaeaaiiai
?anniio?aiey, aeieacuaaiey ianoiyoaeuenoa aeaea, auianaiey noaeaaiiai
?aoaiey e aai eniieiaiey a aeaeao ii aeaeiaai aiaiiineoaeaueo.

A ?aaioa ii?aaeaeaiu iooe e iai?aaeaiey oniaa?oainoaiaaiey i?aaiaie
oai?ee e aeaenoaothuaai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa a yoie noa?a, iiae/a?eeaay
aeaiaaeeioth ooieoeeth i?aaa ia noaeaaioth caueoo aiaiiineoaeaueo a
oi?aaeai/aineie noa?a — caueoo i?aa /aeiaaea e oe?aieaiey ?aaeeia
caeiiiinoe e i?aaiii?yaeea a ainoaea?noaaiiuo aieineeo oi?ie?iaaieyo
Oe?aeiu.

Iao/iay oeaiiinoue ?aaiou i?iyaeyaony a oii, /oi yoi ia?aia eiiieaeniia
enneaaeiaaiea i?iaeai noaeaaiie caueou noauaeoeaiuo i?aa aiaiiineoaeaueo
a noa?a oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

A enneaaeiaaiee iiae/a?eeaaaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue a caeiiiaeaoaeueiii
ii?yaeea cae?aieoue noaiaiue ia?aie/aiey iniiaiuo i?aa e naiaiae
aiaiiineoaeaueo, ?oeiaiaenoaoynue i?eioeeiii ?acoiiie aeinoaoi/iinoe,
eioi?ue aeieaeai ii?aaeaeyoueny oieueei iniaaiiinoyie aiaiiie neoaeau.
?acaeaaaony iieiaeaiea i iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?aaeeueiiai ii?aaeaeaiey
iiiyoey e aeaea aiaiiie oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, /oi aeeyao ia
oi?io caueou i?aaa e ii?aaeaeaiea oiai i?aaia, eioi?ue ai?aaa niaa?oeoue
caueoo i?aaa. A?aoiaioe?oaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue cae?aieaiey i?aaa
aiaiiineoaeauaai ia iaeniieiaiea i?eeaca eiiaiaee?a (ia/aeueieea),
iai?aaeaiiiai ia niaa?oaiea i?anooieaiey eee ecaeaiiiai aii?aee
eioa?anai neoaeau, a oaeaea /aoeie i?ioeaaeo?u aai ?aaeecaoeee. A ?aaioa
niaea?aeaony eiie?aoiua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ii?aaeaeaieth noaeaaiie
iiaeaaaeiinoaaiiinoe a aiaiii-oi?aaeai/aneeo i?aaiioiioaieyo,
ioiineoaeueii eioi?uo nouanoaotho iaeaieueoea o?oaeiinoe a noaeaaiie
i?aeoeea (aeeeeuiua i?aaiioiioaiey, i?aaiioiioaiey, aicieeathuea a nayce
n iaeniieiaieai eeai iaiaaeeaaeauei eniieiaieai aiaiiui eiiaiaeiaaieai
oneiaee eiio?aeoa i i?ioiaeaeaiee aiaiiie neoaeau, i?e oaieueiaiee n
aiaiiie neoaeau, a oaeaea a neo/ayo eniieiaiey aiaiiuie noauaeoaie
ooieoeee i?aaia aeiciaiey eeai aeieaeiinoiiai eeoea, oiieiiii/aiiiai
niaa?oaoue iioa?eaeueiua aeaenoaey).

I?e ?anniio?aiee aii?inia iiaenoaeiinoe aeoeaioe?oaony aieiaiea ia
iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?iaaaeaiey noaeaaii-i?aaiaie ?aoi?iu a ioiioaiee
nicaeaiey niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo noaeia, ?oeiaiaenoaoynue oieueei
eioa?anaie anaia?iie caueou i?aa e eioa?ania a?aaeaeai aiiaua, e
aiaiiineoaeaueo a /anoiinoe. E ianoiyoaeuenoaai aeaea, eioi?ua
ninoaaeytho i?aaeiao noaeaaiiai ?acae?aoaeuenoaa ii yoie eaoaai?ee,
aoiaeyo aii?inu ii?aaeaeaiey i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiey noauaeoa aiaiiiai
oi?aaeaiey, niioaaonoaey ?acoeueoaoa oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe
(?aoaiey, aeaenoaey eeai aacaeayoaeueiinoe) o?aaiaaieyi caeiia, oaeo
ia?ooaiey noauaeoeaiiai i?aaa aiaiiineoaeauaai e i?e/eiiay naycue
iaaeaeo i?ioeaii?aaiie aeayoaeueiinoueth aiaiiuo i?aaiia e
io?eoeaoaeueiuie iineaaenoaeyie (ia?ooaieai i?aa e naiaiae). ?ac?aaioaiu
eiie?aoiua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?eiaiaieth caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i
?ani?aaeaeaiee a?aiaie aeieacuaaiey, a nayce n aiciiaeiinoueth
aicieeiiaaiey o aiaiiineoaeauaai o?oaeiinoae ni nai?ii
aeieacaoaeuenoaaiiiai iaoa?eaea io aiaiiiai eiiaiaeiaaiey.

Iainiiauaaaony iiceoeey i iaaeiionoeiinoe aiaoaoaeuenoaa noaea a
iia?aoeaioth aeayoaeueiinoue noauaeoia aiaiiiai oi?aaeaiey
(oeaeaniia?aciinoue a oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe), ia?aie/eaaynue
i?iaa?eie caeiiiinoe e iainiiaaiiinoe aiaiiie oi?aaeai/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, iiae/a?eeaay ooieoeeth noaea ii caueoa i?aa
aiaiiineoaeaueo. Ii?aaeaeyaony niaoeeoeea eniieiaiey noaeaaiiai ?aoaiey
ia iai?aaiia?iua aeaenoaey e ?aoaiey i?aaiia aiaiiiai oi?aaeaiey
(aiaiiuo aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaeiaa, aiaiiineoaeauee, aiaiiia aeieaeiinoiia eeoei,
noauaeoeaiia i?aai, noaeaaiia i?iecaiaenoai, caueoa, noaeaaiia
?anniio?aiea, noaeaaiia ?aoaiea, i?eeac.

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