Створення комплексу високоефективних електродинамічних пристроїв для контролю параметрів навколишнього середовища (теоретичні основи розробки та впров

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Ao?ei Aiaoie?e A?eai?iae/

OAeE 621.373:550.834

NOAI?AIIss EIIIEAENO AENIEIAOAEOEAIEO

AEAEO?IAeEIAI?*IEO I?ENO?I?A

AeEss EIIO?IETH IA?AIAO??A IAAEIEEOIUeIAI NA?AAeIAEUA

(OAI?AOE*I? INIIAE ?IC?IAEE OA AI?IAAAeAEAIIss)

05.11.13 I?eeaaee ? iaoiaee eiio?ieth

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/aneeo iaoe

Oa?e?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Naaei Aaaeei Iaioae?eiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e «I?eeaaee ? iaoiaee ia?oei?aiiai
eiio?ieth»

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?
oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?otho Noai?neaa Oaaei?iae/, ?aeoi? Oe?a?inueei?
?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? aeaaeai??, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaaoo?i Ieoaeei Oaaei?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e «Aaia?oaaiiy oa
oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a» Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. I.E. ssiaaey

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaiaeaoeueeee Aieiaeeie? Na?a?eiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueieo iaoei
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
«Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo», eaoaae?a i?eeaae?a oa nenoai
ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «25 » eenoiiaaea 1999?. i 14-30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae64.050.09 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310002, aoe.
O?oica, 21

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «4» aeiaoiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ai?eoiia A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Eiio?ieue o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo ia?aiao??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aeiaeua
canoiniao?oueny i?e iiooeo i?e?iaeieo eiiaeei, aenieoaoaoe?? oaooieo
naa?aeeiaei, aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo a aoae?aieoeoa?, aeieia?/iiio
iii?oi??iao. A?i aeeiio?oueny c iiaa?oi? caie?, ia oaeueoia?e cii? ii??a
(ia i?eei?), ia aeeaieiaiaeae?.

Iiaeeeaino? naeniiaeonoe/ieo iaoiae?a cia/iith i??ith aecia/athoueny
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?eeaae?a, ui canoiniaothoueny aeey oeueiai, ? ia?o ca
ana — aeaea?aeaie neaiae?a. Iniaeeaith oaaaith ei?enoothoueny iaaeaooia?
aeaea?aea naeni?/ieo eieeaaiue. Ia ci?ithth/e aeanoeainoae
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai na?aaeiaeua aiie aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aaaaoi?aciai?
aaia?aoe?? iaeeiaeiaeo ii aiie?ooae? oa oi?i? ciiaeoth/eo neaiae?a,
caaaeyee /iio caaacia/o?oueny iiaia a?aeoai?thaai?noue naeniia?ai a
noaoe/ieo oiiaao, noa? iiaeeeaei niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ci?iaie na?aaeiaeua a
aeeiai?/ieo oiiaao.

?icaeoie iiaeo iai?yie?a naenii- oa a?ae?iaeonoeee aeiaaa? noai?aiiy
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo iaaeaooiaeo aei?ii?ithaa/?a aeniei/anoioiiai
naeni?/iiai ae?aiaciio. Aiie iiaeii? iaoe aenieo iiooaei?noue,
aeiioneaoe iiaeeea?noue aeiaaio?eaaei? aacia?a?aii? ?iaioe i?e noaeeo
ia?aiao?ao aei?ii?ithaaieo neaiae?a a ?iioeueniiio oa eiaei?iioeueniiio
?aaeeiao, iaoe aocueeo ea?iaaio ae?aa?aio iai?aaeaiino?. Oea aeanoue
iiaeeea?noue i?aeiyoe aoaeoeai?noue oa oi/i?noue .eiio?ieth
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo i?ioean?a a aeine?aeaeoaaiiio na?aaeiaeu?.

Iiia?aaei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? iaie ua a na?aaeei? naieaeanyoeo
?ie?a, iieacaee, ui aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaieo ye?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeaea?ae neaiae?a iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieie oyaeythoueny oae caai?
aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? aei?ii?ithaa/? c ieineeie ?iaeoeoi?aie (AAe?). A ieo
ia?aoai?aiiy aia?a?? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a aeonoe/io aia?a?th
cae?enith?oueny /a?ac iaeiaioo e?euee?noue i?ii?aeieo eiino?oeoeaieo
aeaiaio?a — anueiai /a?ac oiieo aeaeo?ii?ia?aeio iaia?aio. Iana
inoaiiuei? iiaea aooe aeineoue iacia/iith, a oaeaee?noue c?inoaiiy
aonoeie aia?a?? iaai?oiiai iiey a ?iai/iio caci?? (caci?? i?ae
?iaeoeoi?ii oa iaia?aiith) — iaaiaee — aeineoue aenieith. Ca ?aooiie
oeueiai aeinyaa?oueny aeniea aoaeoeai?noue ia?aoai?aiiy, niaeo? neaiaeo
eaaei cnoaa?oueny a iaeanoue i?aeaeuaieo /anoio.

Iiaeii aeacaoe aace?/ aa??aio?a aeeiiaiiy AAe?, ui a?ae??ciythoueny
?ici??aie ?iaeoeoi?a oa /eneii aeoe?a, eiino?oeoe??th iaia?aie oa
niiniaaie ?? e??ieaiiy, canoinoaaiiyi aaaaoicaoiaeiaeo, naeoe?iiiaaieo
oa aaaaoioa?iaeo eioooie. ?ioa a?oia oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue
aoaeoeai?noue aeaea?aea, iia’ycaia c? niiniaaie oi?ioaaiiy neaiaeo,
oiaoi c? noaiieie iniaeeainoyie aaia?aoi??a ?iioeuen?a no?oio
(eieeaaeuei?, oi?iiey?i?, eiaei?iioeueni?, oaciiai?ioeueiaai?). Ia?aoo?,
ua iaeia a?oia aeooaeueieo ieoaiue, ye? i?eeoeinue ?ica’ycoaaoe i?ae /an
i?aeoe/iiai inai?iiy oaoi?ee AAe?, iia’ycaia c i?iaeaiaie ?oiueiai
a?oioaaiiy. Ei?ioea aeiaaeeia ?iioeuen?a oa neeaaeia ?oiy oi?ia i?ecaaee
aei iaiaeiicia/ieo niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe yaey?oueny ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iniia noai?aiiy
aenieiaoaeoeaieo aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo i?eno?i?a aeey eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ?ic?iaea eiiieaeno aia?aoo?e oa iaoiaeeee
eiai aenieoaoaoe??, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiai a i?aeoeeo.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe aeiaaeiny ?ica’ycaoe ?yae caaea/,

ii-ia?oa, oai?aoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o:

a) caaaeueiee aia?aaoe/iee aiae?c aeaeo?e/iiai eiea c AAe? i?e
eieeaaeueiiio caoooath/iio ?iioeueno no?oio (eiao?oe??ioe ia?aoai?aiiy
aia?a?? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a iaoai?/io ?iaioo oa a neeo, niaeo?aeuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iioeueno neee, i?ia?aei? /anoioe);

a) aeaeo?e/i? ia?aiao?e AAe? c o?aooaaiiyi ne?i-aoaeoa oa aoaeoa
aeecueeino?;

a) aieea ?ia?oii? iane oa iane aei?ii?ithth/i? ieeoe ia ia?aiao?e
neeiaiai ?iioeueno;

a) ca’ycie i?ae neeiaei ?iioeuenii oa ia?ai?uaiiyi oaa?aei? ieeoe
(oaciaa cao?eiea, iiooaei?noue aei?ii?ithaaiiy, oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo
ii?iaeueieo iai?oaeaiue);

ae) oiiae iioei?caoe?? eiia?iiaaieo iaia?ai, aeoiaey/e c oa?aeoa?o
?iciiae?eo iaai?oiiai iiey a ?iai/iio caci??;

ii-ae?oaa, iaoiaee/iiai oa?aeoa?o:

a) iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo AAe? c iiaeeea?noth a?aooaaiiy aca?iieo
ia?ai?uaiue eiai aeaiaio?a oa iaeaeeae/eo ae?eyiie iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua;

a) iaoiaeeea aei??thaaiue aeonoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaa/?a a
iia?o?yiiio oa aiaeiiio na?aaeiaeu?, eieaeueieo i?enei?aiue aeoeaieo
ae?eyiie ?oiuei? iiaa?oi?;

a) ae?aa?aia iai?aaeaiino? naiioiueiai oa a?oiiaiai aei?ii?ithaa/?a,
oiiae ?? oi?ioaaiiy;

a) iaoiaeeea ?i?oaoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith AAe? naeni?/ieo aieea?a ia
aoae?ae? oa nii?oaee, noai?aiiy naeniiieaooi?i ia i?e?iaei?o a?oioao;

ii-o?ao?, eiino?oeoinueei-oaoiieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o:

a) oaoiieia?y aeaioiaeaiiy neeiaeo aoce?a, ye? noai?ththoue neeueia
aeaeo?iiaai?oia iiea;

a) oaoiieia?y caaacia/aiiy noaa?eueiiai aeonoe/iiai eiioaeoo i?ae
aeaea?aeii neaiaeo oa aeine?aeaeoaaiei na?aaeiaeuai.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue ca?aeii c iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith AeEIO
«A?a?aoe?eia i?ina?/oaaiiy Caie?» (i?iaeaia 0.74.03, caaaeaiiy 06.10
«?ic?iaeoe eiiieaen aia?aoo?e oa iaeaaeiaiiy a?a?aoe?eiiai i?ina?/oaaiiy
caiiie ei?e oa aa?oiuei? iaio??»), ii i?aeaoc?anuee?e i?ia?ai? «Oaeueo»
ia 1986 — 2005 ??. (iaeac ? 208 a?ae 26.03.86 I?iaoco N?N?), a oaeiae a
?aieao aini?ic?aooieiaeo ?ia?o, ia?aaeaa/aieo i?ia?aiaie «*aua-2»,
«*aua-3», «Aa?ian», ui aeeiioaaeenue ca?aeii c ??oaiiyi ?aaee I?i?no??a
N?N? ? 32 a?ae 26.12.85 ?. oa ? 339 a?ae 16.11.88.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo a ?iaio? iiaeaeae ieineeo
aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo aei?ii?ithth/eo nenoai, ?oiueiai oai?aoe/iiai oa
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ae??oaia i?iaeaia iaa?oiooaaiiy
iiaeeeainoae noai?aiiy eiiieaeno aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo i?eno?i?a aeey
aeine?aeaeaiue oa?aeoa?enoee nooiiooiiai oa aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeu.

2. Noai?ai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? AAe? c ieineeie ?iaeoeoi?aie aeey
oi?ioaaiiy naeni?/ieo oa a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo ciiaeoth/eo neaiae?a.

3. Aia?oa aeeiiai? eiiieaeni? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy AAe? a
iecueei-, na?aaeiuei- oa aeniei/anoioiiio naeni?/iiio ae?aiaciiao, a
?iioeueniiio, eiaei?iioeueniiio oa a?a?aoe?eiiio ?aaeeiao, a neeaaeieo
naeniiaaieia?/ieo oiiaao.

4. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee aeey noai?aiiy aei?ii?ithth/i? aia?aoo?e a
caeaaeiino? a?ae aeeaeie aeine?aeaeaiue oa iio??aii?
aeaoaeani?iiiaeiino? (caeaoiino? ?ic??ciyoe ae??ai? aeaoae? i?io?eae).

5. Aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue ciaoiaeaeaiiy aiie?ooaeii-/anoioieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aoae?aaeue oa aia?aaoe/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy oeyoii ?i?oaoe??
ca aeiiiiiaith AAe? ?aaeueieo naeni?/ieo aieea?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Noai?ai? aaaaoioe?eueia? eiiieaene aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo i?eno?i?a, ui
aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe naeni?/ia i?io?ethaaiiy ae?eyiie noo? oa ii?y.
Eiiieaene aeaioiaeai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? a aaieiai-aaio?ce/i? aeniaaeeoe??
?in??, Oe?a?ie, Eaoa?? oa Eacaonoaio aeey aeeiiaiiy i?iieneiaeo
iieueiaeo ?ia?o.

Noai?aiee ?yae iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo onoaiiaie AAe? aeey aei?iaoaaeueieo
iie?aii?a ?inoeoooo O?ceee Caie? (?OC, i. Iineaa), Oaaeaeeenueeiai
?inoeoooo naeniieia?? oa naeniino?eeiai aoae?aieoeoaa (O?NNA, i.
Aeooaiaa), aeey AAI «Aa?iaaieia?y» (i. Iineaa), AAI «?i?naeaaio?ceea»
(i. I?ioneinuee), a oaeiae iaeii- oa aaaaoieaiaeuei? onoaiiaee AAe? aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeu ia iaeeo aeeaeiao oa ?ic?iaee
iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy iai?aaeaiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy (aeey
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo ?aae?io?ce/ieo aei??thaaiue — IAe??OA, i.
Ai?ueeee).

Noai?ai? eiino?oeoe?? ai?iaaaeaeai?:

o aeaeyae? ae??aieo na??e naiiiai oa o?aeoi?iiai aa??aio?a AAe? (a AAI
«?i?naeaaio?ceea», i. I?ioneinuee) aeey ?iaioe a i?ai?/ieo ?aeiiao
E?aniiy?nueeiai e?ath (iiiaae 40 onoaiiaie);

o aeaeyae? aia?aoo?e aeey aeine?aeaeaiue oaeueo?a ii??a oa aioo??oi?o
aiaeieieu (o AI «Nithcii??iaeaaieia?y», i. ?eaa, a aaio?ce/i?
aeniaaeeoe?? Aieaa???, Oai?ueie, Eoae);

o aeaeyae? aia?aoo?e aeey aeeaieiaiaeieo a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ( o AI «THaeii?aaieiaey», i. Aaeaiaeaeee, a NaoEIAe?, i.
THaeii-Naoae?inuee) oa aeey aea/aiiy ie?aieo ?aeii?a Eani?enueeiai ii?y,
ica?a Aaeeae;

o aeaeyae? i?eai??a aeey eiio?ieth noaio a??ie/eo a?aei?aoethaaiue ( o
AI «Neaoeaaoiaoaaoiiaoeea», i. ?eaoa?eiao?a).

I?iaaaeai? iaoiaee/i? aei?iaoaaiiy AAe? a aaio?ce/ieo aeniaaeeoe?yo
Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo (i. Euea?a) i?e aea/aii?
ciie iaeeo oaeaeeinoae a Ea?iaoao, Aeiiaan?, a Oa?e?anuee?e oa
Iieoaanuee?e iaeanoyo i?e aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeeaieeo ai?eciio?a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a.

Iniaenoi aaoi?ii aeeiiaii iinoaiiaeo iaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa
noi?ioeueiaai? caaaeaiiy noai?aiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo iiaeaeae
aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo aei?ii?ithth/eo nenoai, ?ic?iaeai? aeo?aei?
iieiaeaiiy aeey noai?aiiy iaoiaeee aei??thaaiue ia?aiao??a AAe?,
i?iaaaeaiiy iie?aiiieo oa iieueiaeo aei?iaoaaiue.

?acii c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie eaoaae?e oa i?aai?caoe?e-caiiaiee?a aia?aoo?e
aeeiiai? ?ic?iaee ie?aieo oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai noai?aiiy AAe?, i?iaaaeaii
?ioa?i?aoaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a naeni?/ieo oa a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo
aei?iaoaaiue, c?iaeaii ooi/iaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo caaea/ ?icoe?aiiy iaeano?
canoinoaaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo nenoai.

?icaeoeo naeniiaeonoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iia’ycaieo c
aeei?enoaiiyi AAe?, ni?eyee oaeiae oai?/? aeeneon?? oa iaaiai?aiiy
iioi/ieo i?iaeai o a?aeae?e? 800 (?OC, i.Iineaa), a Aaio?ce/iiio
?inoeooo? ?i. N.?.Noaio?ia IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a), a IAe? Ieaaiaaio?ceee
(i. Aaeaiaeaeee), a IAI «Iioaioe?ae» (i. Oa?e?a), a Oe?IAe?
Aaieiai?ica?aeee (Oe?IAe?A, i. Euea?a), a Oa?e?anuee?e oa Iieoaanuee?e
o?e?yo Oe?IAe?A.

Cia/ii aieeioee ia aecia/aiiy iai?yieo ?ia?o ae.o.i. I?eiea?a A.A.(?OC,
i. Iineaa), ae.o.i. Aaa?eeia A.I. (I?IA ?i. ?.I.Aoae?ia), ea??aieee AAI
«Ai?naeaaio?ceea» oa IAe? Ieaaiaaio?ceee N?aaaooee?i A.A. oa e.o.i.
Ayeia TH.A. Aaoi? oaeiae aaey/iee ni?a?ia?oieeai Oe?IAe?A e.o.i.
?aeoa?o E.Ae., e.o.i. Aiioiaiio ?.C., e.o.i. ?iiaio A.?., ye? ua ia
ii/aoeo noai?aiiy AAe? a/anii ioe?ieee ?oith ia?niaeoeai?noue aeey
aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue:

ia Ananithcieo aaio?ce/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (i. Euea?a, 1972 ?., i.
E?aniiy?nuee, 1980 ?.); ia ae?oa?e oa o?ao?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo «Eiiieaeni? aaieiai-aaio?ce/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy Na?oiaiai
ieaaio» (i. Aaeaaeaeee, 1986, 1988 ??.); ia ae?oa?e Ananithci?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Eiiieaenia inaiaiiy iaooiaaciaeo ?ano?n?a
eiioeiaioaeueiiai oaeueoa N?N?» (i. Iineaa, 1990 ?.); ia ei?aeeiaoe?eieo
?aaeao ?inoeoooo O?ceee Caie? AI ?in?? ii i?ia?ai? «A?a?aoe?eia
i?ina?/oaaiiy Caie?», ?inoeoooo iaooe oa aaco ?i. ?.I.Aoae?ia ii
i?aeaoc?anuee?e i?ia?ai? «Oaeueo»;

ia ei?aeeiaoe?ei?o ia?aaeao a I?aiaai N?N? oa O?N? (1980 — 1989 ??.) ii
ai?iaaaeaeaiith iaaeaooiaeo aeaea?ae; ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo ii i?iaeaiai aeei?enoaiiy oaeueoa *i?iiai ii?y (Aa?ia,
1995 ?.), ii i?iaeaiai eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa iiaeo oaoiieia?e
«Eiii’thoa?: iaoea, oaoi?ea, oaoiieia?y, caei?ia’y» (Oa?e?a —
I?oeieueoe, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997 ??.); ia ?aa?iiaeueieo cai?ao oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ioae?eaoe??.

Aieiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 33 aeaea?aeao, a oiio
/ene? 12 iniaenoi aaoi?nueeeo, 17 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaao oa iaoaioao.

?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa
aeiaeaoe?a. Aeeeaaeaia ia 310 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 26 ?enoie?a, 8
oaaeeoeue, nienie ioae?eaoe?e c 287 iaeiaioaaiue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? c?iaeaii aiae?c i?eeaae?a oa iaoiae?a eiio?ieth
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ca aeiiiiiaith iiooaeieo onoaiiaie c
?ii?nieie iaeiie/oaa/aie aia?a??. Iieacaii, ui caaaeueiith aeanoea?noth
?nioth/eo onoaiiaie ? ia?aoai?aiiy iaeiie/aii? aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? a
iaoai?/io o iaaaeeeiio ia’?i?. Iiaeaeueoa ae ?? ?iciiae?eaiiy ii
iiaa?oi? a?oioo (c iaoith ocaiaeaeaiiy aeonoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee)
aeeiio?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith i?ii?aeieo aeaiaio?a. Inoaii? iaiaaeothoue
aeniei/anoioiee niaeo?, aeaoaeani?iiiaei?noue, iia??oothoue iieacieee
a?aeoai?thaaiino? aei?ii?ithaaieo neaiae?a. Noaaeoueny caaea/a noai?aiiy
eiiieaeno aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo aei?ii?ithth/eo i?eno?i?a, eio?? a iaee
e?au? niaeo?aeuei? oa /ania? oa?aeoa?enoeee a na?aaeiuei- oa
aeniei/anoioiiio naeni?/iiio ae?aiaciiao.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? caaaeuei? oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy noai?aiiy
aei?ii?ithaa/?a aeey noo? (nooiiooieo AAe?) oa ii?y (ii?nueeeo AAe?).

1. Aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee AAe?.

. Ciaeaeaii, yea /anoea ?? aeo?a/a?oueny ia aeeiiaiiy iaoai?/ii?
?iaioe, a ne?eueee eaea ia oi?ioaaiiy aia?a?? naeni?/ii? oaee?.

Ia?ai?uaiiy eioooie ii/eia?oueny i?ney oiai, ye neea F
ia?aaaaeeoue neeo oyae?iiy: F > m1*g . Eiai iiaeia aecia/eoe ??aiyiiyi:

, (1)

aea I(o) — aca?ii?iaeoeoeai?noue eioooie; o1 — ia?ai?uaiiy aa?oiuei?
eioooee .

??aiyiiy ?ooo ieaeiuei? /anoeie aei?ii?ithaa/a iiaeia caienaoe oae:

, (2)

;

-ooieoe?y aeeiai?/ii? ?aaeoe?? a?oioo ia ?oo ieaeiuei? /anoeie
aei?ii?ithaa/a, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?ai?uaiiy o2 oa eiai iio?aeii? o2
(oiaoi oaeaeeino?).

ia? aeaeyae:

, (3)

aea kcp — eiao?oe??io i?oaeiino?; h2 — eiao?oe??io aeoo?iiy eieeaaiue.
Oaeei /eiii, iai?ai?ino?? cai?iaii ?aeaaeueiith i?oaeeiith c i?oaei?noth
kcp oa aeaiioa?ii c eiao?oe??ioii aeoo?iiy h2 (?en. 1).

C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai ia?ii iniiaia ??aiyiy ?ooo aei?ii?ithaa/a:

Oea a?aeiia a oai??? eieeaaiue ??aiyiiy aeiooaieo eieeaaiue
aeeneiaoeaii? nenoaie c iaeiei nooiaiai naiaiaee. sse iieaco? aeina?ae,
aiii aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaea? i?ioeane caoaeaeaiiy oaeeue a caie?
aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieie aei?ii?ithaa/aie.

, (5)

.

Aea?aaeaioi? ia?aiao?e aeaioeioooa/ieo AAe? aecia/athoueny oae:

,

aea R1 oa R2 aeoeai? iii?e eioooie aei?ii?ithaa/a;

L1, L2 — aeani? ?iaeoeoeaiino? eioooie.

Aea?aaeaioi? ia?aiao?e iaai?oii?iioeuenieo AAe? aecia/athoueny ca
oi?ioeaie:

,

— eiao?oe??io ca’yceo; L3,L4 — ia?aiao?e noaie cai?uaiiy
?iaeoeoeaii ca’ycaieo e?e. ssaeua ne?i- aoaeoo oa aoaeoo aeecueeino?
a?aoiaothoueny i?e ia/eneaii? aea?aaeaioieo ia?aiao??a Ry oa Ly.

iiaeooue aooe aecia/aieie ye:

. (6)

Niaeo?aeueia ooieoe?y ?iioeueno neee:

,

niaeo?e neee:

, (7)

.

.

Eieeaaeueiee ?ic?yae aaoa?a? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?? ia?aca?yaeii c?
ci?iith iiey?iino? oa ?icn?yiiyi aia?a?? ia iii?? R , yeee aeeth/a?
oaeiae aianaiee ii?? (Rai), iaoiiaeaiee aca?iiei ia?ai?uaiiyi eioooie: R
= Ry + Rai . Aaaaeaiiyi iii?o Rai a?aoiao?oueny iaoai?/ia ?iaioa, ui
aeeiio?oueny aei?ii?ithaa/ai, oa ao?aoe aia?a?? aeania ia
aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

. Oiae? aia?a?y, ui iiaa?oa?oueny a aaoa?ath, oa ao?a/a?ia aia?a?y
a?aeiia?aeiuei aei??aiththoue:

, (9)

.

*anoeia ?icn?thaaii? aia?a?? eaea a oaiei, ?ioa — ia aeeiiaiiy
iaoai?/ii? ?iaioe oa ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy:

. (10)

Iaoai?/iee EEAe aei?ii?ithaa/a aecia/a?oueny oaeei /eiii /a?ac aaaaeai?
iii?e:

. (11)

Eiao?oe??io ia?aoai?aiiy aia?a?? Kw aecia/a?, yea /anoea ?? eaea ia
aeeiiaiiy iaoai?/ii? ?iaioe:

. (12)

Iaaaaeai? ae?ace iieeaaeaii a iniiao caaaeueiiai aia?aaoe/iiai aiae?co
AAe?. Ia ?enoieo 2 i?aaenoaaeai? ii?iiaai? aiie?ooaei? niaeo?e neee, a
ia ?enoieo 3 — a?aeiioaiiy niaeo?aeueii? ooieoe?? neee aei oa?aeoa?iiai
/ano ?? ae?? 1/. Iaeneioi oe??? ooieoe?? aecia/a? iaea?eueo aea?aei?
oiiae aeinyaiaiiy aeniei/anoioieo yeinoae AAe?. Eiao?oe??io ia?aoai?aiiy
Fm/W i?aaenoaaeaiee ia ?enoieo 4.

Aeey oiai, uia ia?ai?uaiiy aa?oiuei? /anoeie aei?ii?ithaa/a iaei
aieeaaei ia ia?aiao?e ?iioeueno neee (uia aeaeo?e/i? oa iaoai?/i?
i?ioeane a AAe? i?io?eaee iacaeaaeii iaeei a?ae ?ioiai) iiaeiia
aeeiioaaoenue oiiaa:

(13)

Ia i?aeoeoe? aeey oeueiai aeineoue caaacia/eoe:

. (14)

Oiae? ia aiineiiio iii?? aoaea ?icn?thaaoeny iaioa 10% aia?a??,
caianaii? a iaeiie/oaa/?. Oey ioe?iea noino?oueny ? naeniiaeonoe/iiai
EEAe aei?ii?ithaa/a. Aeey eiai ooi/iaiiy i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c eieeaaiue
oaa?aeiai ooaiio ia i?ai?inoi??.

I?e noaoe/i?e ae?? ooaiio ia a?oio aia?a?y, ui caianeanue o
caeaoi?iiaaiiio na?aaeiaeu?, iiaa?oa?oueny aeaea?aeo neee i?e ciaioaii?
iaaaioaaeaiiy. I?e c?inoaii? /anoioe aeioooth/i? neee c’yaey?oueny
oaciaee cnoa i?ae neeith oa ia?ai?uaiiyi /anoeiie a?oioo. A?i na?ae/eoue
i?i oa, ui /anoeio aia?a?? eieeaaiue oaa?aeiai ooaiio ia?aiinyoue c
niaith aeonoe/i? oaee?. I?e iiaeaeueoiio c?inoaii? /anoioe aeioooth/i?
neee /anoeiee caeaoi?iiaaiiai na?aaeiaeua ia anoeaathoue aa?oaoeny a
aeo?aeia iieiaeaiiy ? ?ooathoueny iaa?oue iacono??/ ciai?oi?e nee?.
Aia?a?y aeonoe/ieo oaeeue ciaioo?oueny.

E?euee?niee aiae?c oeueiai i?ioeano aeeiiaii iaie aeey oaa?aeiai ooaiio
oeyoii noia?iiceoe?? a?aeiieo aiae?oe/ieo ??oaiue aeey oae caaieo
«i’yeeo» ooaii?a — naaoi oaeeo, ye? caaacia/othoue iaeeiaeia? ii an?e
ieiu? ii?iaeuei? iai?oaeaiiy ia iiaa?oi? eiioaeoo. ( I?e oaa?aeiio
ooaii? ii?iaeuei? iai?oaeaiiy c?inoathoue ii i??? iaaeeaeaiiy aei eiai
e?ath. Naia ooo ?ai?oa anueiai aeinyaa?oueny iaaea i?oaei?o aeaoi?iaoe?e
? ii/eiathoueny iacai?ioi? ci?ie eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi?).

. Aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue iiiioiiii ciaioo?oueny c ?inoii /anoioe (ae?enia
/anoeia W ). ??cieoey oac ( oyaia /anoeia W ) ci?ith?oueny ii e?ea?e c
iaeneioiii. A ?acoeueoao? ?nioth? oaea /anoioa eieeaaiue ooaiio, i?e
ye?e iiooaei?noue eiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaea?eueoa: a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo —
iiaeeco 150 Aoe.

Iiaeeea?noue iiae?aieo ?ic?aooie?a aaaeeeaa ia o?eueee c iiaeyaeo
aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe aei?ii?ithaa/a, aea e c oi/ee ci?o
aiae?co oiia eiai iaee?auiai i?enoinoaaiiy aei oa?aeoa?enoee eiie?aoiiai
na?aaeiaeua.

Ia ?enoieo 6 i?eaaaeai? e?ea? ?iciiae?eo ii?iaeueieo iai?oaeaiue ia
iiaa?oi? a?oioo i?ae aei?ii?ithaa/ai a noaoe/iiio ( f=0) oa aeeiai?/iiio
(f>0) ?aaeeiao. I?e /anoioao iaioa 100 Aoe ?iciiae?e eiioaeoieo
iai?oaeaiue iaei a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae noaoe/iiai. Caoa i?e iiaeaeueoiio
ca?eueoaii? /anoioe ia?ii nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? ? iaa?oue eieaeuei?
iaeneioie. Oea ? ?acoeueoao ?ioa?oa?aioe?? oaeeue i?ae aei?ii?ithaa/ai
ca oiia, eiee /an ?iciianthaeaeaiiy eieeaaiue iaaeeaea?oueny aei
ia??iaeo aeioooth/i? neee.

Caoaaaeeii, ui /anoio? iaeneioio naeni?/ii? iiooaeiino? (150 Aoe a
aeaiiio aeiaaeeo) a?aeiia?aea? ?iciiae?e ii?iaeueieo iai?oaeaiue,
aeecueeee aei ??aiii??iiai. Cia/eoue ocaiaeaeaiiy aei?ii?ithaa/a c
iaaeieeui?i na?aaeiaeuai ii iaeneioio aei?ii?ithaaii? aia?a?? iaeii/anii
caaacia/o? oaeiae ciaioaiiy aeo?ao aia?a?? ia iae?i?ei? aeaoi?iaoe??
a?oioo. Inoaii? caaaeaee ia? i?noea i?e oaa?aeiio ooaii?, iaa?oue eiee
na?aaei?e oene ia a?oio ia ia?aaeuo? iaae? i?oaei?o aeaoi?iaoe?e.

2. Neeia? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaai?oii?iioeuenieo AAe?.

A ?iaeoeoe?eieo aei?ii?ithaa/ao cai?noue ae?oai? eioooee canoiniaothoue
oieii?ia?aeio iaia?aio. Aca?iiae?y ?iaeoeoi?a oa oieii?ia?aeii? iaia?aie
i?ioiaeeoue aiane?aeie aeo?aaeo no?oi?a, ye? iaaiaeyoueny a inoaii?e.
Oene ia iaia?aio aoaea oei a?eueoee, /ei aeua aonoeia aia?a?? iaai?oiiai
iiey a ?iai/iio caci??. *anoeia iaai?oiiai iiey iiaea i?iieeaoe /a?ac
oiieo iaia?aio. Aiane?aeie oeueiai oene ia ia? ciaioo?oueny.

Iaia?aia iiaea aooe nooe?eueiith ? iaeii??aeiith (iai?eeeaae, c
aeth?aethi?i?y) aai neeaaeiaith (i?aeii-noaeueiith), c noaeith oiaueiith
ii ?aae?ono (ieineith) aai i?io?eueiaaiith. Aeanoeaino? iaia?aie neeueii
aieeaathoue ia aiie?ooaeo oa oi?io neaiaeo AAe?.

A caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo iiaeaeue aeey ?ic?aooieo ?iaeoeoe?eieo AAe?
iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaeyae? (?enoiie 7). Aeaeo?iiaai?oia iiea a
eiaeiiio c /ioe?ueio oa??a i?aaenoaaeii noia?iiceoe??th iaaeath/eo,
a?aeaeoeo oa caeiieaieo oaeeue:

,

, (15)

.

Aiie?ooaeo iaaeath/i? oaee? (c1) aaaaea?ii a?aeiiith: aiia aecia/a?oueny
ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?aooieo aei?ii?ithaa/a. Aiie?ooaee
a?aeaeoeo oa caeiieaieo oaeeue (n2 — n7) ciaeaeaii c a?aie/ieo oiia ia
iiaa?oiyo ?iciaaeoaaiiy na?aaeiaeu:

. (16)

A ?acoeueoao? ??oaiiy nenoaie a?aie/ieo ??aiyiue ciaeaeai? aiie?ooaee
aeacaieo oaeeue:

(17)

Oaia? a?aeii? an? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaai?oiiai iiey a ?iai/iio caci??
?iaeoeoe?eieo AAe? oa iiaeeco iaia?aie. Eiao?oe??io ae?aioaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey noaeueiith ieanoeiith aei??aith?:

Oene aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ia ieanoeio:

(18).

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oiauei i?aeiiai oa noaeueiiai oa??a neeaaeiai? iaia?aie
iiaeia aea?aoe ca oiiae, uia aiie?ooaea iiey ia aeoiae? c i?aeiiai oa?o
a?aeiia?aeaea iaeneioio iaai?oi?e i?iieeeeaino? oa?iiaaiaoeea. Oiae?
iiea aoaea oaeaeei caanaoe a noaeueiiio eeno?. Oaea neeaaeiaa iaia?aia
i?e aenie?e i?oaeiino? iaoeia iaeiaioo iano , ui caaacia/eoue iaeaeuo
aoaeoeai?noue aei?ii?ithaa/a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? iniiai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae nenoai
aeonoe/iiai i?io?ethaaiiy aeiiieo a?aeeeaaeaiue (ca aeiiiiiaith
ii?nueeeo AAe?). Iniaeea?noth aeaieo aei?ii?ithaa/?a ? a?eueo aenieee
ae?aiacii /anoio (aei 10 eAoe), iiaeeea?noue aeieeiaiiy eaa?oaoe?eieo
yaeu iiaeeco iaia?aie, aeieeiaiiy oaeeueiaeo yaeu a nai?e iaia?ai?
(?aae?aeuei? oaeeueia? i?ioeane) oa a ?oi?e oiauei? (inueia? oaeeueia?
i?ioeane). Aeyniaiiy i?e?iaee oeeo yaeu aeaei ciiao iaa?oiooaaoe
eiino?oeoe?th ii?nueeeo AAe? c aenieinoaa?eueiei oi?iiey?iei ?iioeuenii.

Caoeiaee oene iiaeeco iiaa?oi? iaia?aie i?iii?oe?eiee oaeaeeino? ??
ia?ai?uaiiy:

, (19)

— ia?ai?uaiiy iaia?aie. I?e aa?iii?/iiio caeii? ci?ie aeioooth/i? neee
aiie?ooaea oaeaeeino? ?ooo iaia?aie i?iii?oe?eia aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i?e nee?
oa iaa?iaii i?iii?oe?eia iiaiiio iaoai?/iiio iii?o iaia?aie:

, (20)

,

rtp — ii?? nee oa?oy, In/i; m — iana ?ooiii? /anoeie iaia?aie; ms —
i?e?aeiaia iana; Cm — iaoai?/ia i?oaei?noue iaia?aie, I/i.

iia’ycaia c ia?ai?uaiiyi iaia?aie ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi:

ioe?iththoueny ca a?aeiieie oi?ioeaie ii?oiaaiai aei?ii?ithaa/a:

,

aea D- ae?aiao? iiaa?oi? aei?ii?ithaa/a; S — ieiua oe??? ae iiaa?oi?;

— aac?ici??i? eiao?oe??ioe, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
ae?aiao?o aei?ii?ithaa/a oa aeiaaeeie oaee? (D/) .

.Oiio i?e D/ >2 i?e?aeiaiith ianith iiaeia ciaoooaaoe ? ciaoiaeeoe
aeoeaiee ii?? aei?ii?ithaa/a oae aea, ye ? aeey ieinei? oaee?:

. (21)

I?aenoaaeyth/e (20) a (19), iaea?aeeii ioe?ieo aiie?ooaee caoeiaiai
oeneo iiaeeco iiaa?oi? iaia?aie:

pm0 = (Fye.ae./ S) , (22)

. (23).

Aac?ici??iee eiao?oe??io aecia/a? aoaeoeai?noue ia?aoai?aiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai oeneo (pye.i. = Fye.ae./ S) a oene caoeiai? oaee?
(pm0).

Aeania ?aciiainia /anoioa aei?ii?ithaa/a aecia/a?oueny c oiiae
ia?aoai?aiiy a iieue neeaaeiaiai a eaaae?aoieo aeoaeeao (23):

. (24)

A?aoiaoth/e, ui aei?ii?ithaa/ i?aoeth? i?e /anoioao, cia/ii aeueo ca
aeanio ?aciiainio, a aei oiai ae aeeiio?oueny oiiaa D/ > 1 , aeey
eiao?oe??ioa iiaeia iaea?aeaoe ua a?eueo c?o/iee ae?ac:

. (25)

Aeey oiai, uia aeonoe/iee ?iioeuen aoa iiae?aiee aei aeioooth/iai
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai oeneo oa aeey e?ea?aeaoe?? i?neyae??, eieeaaiiy
iaia?aie aeiaiaeeoueny neeueii aaneoe a ?iai/?e cii? /anoio. sseui
aiane?aeie oeueiai iaoai?/ia aeia?ioi?noue nenoaie Q = m/rtp
neeaaeaoeia, iai?eeeaae, anueiai 0,1 , oi aeey aeeneo c aeth?aethi?i?th
ianith m=4,3 ea (ae?aiao? D=0,45 i , oiaueia 10 ii, /anoioa ia?oiai
?aciiaino 440 Aoe) ii?? nee oa?oy ia ?iai/?e /anoio? 5 eAoe neeaaeaoeia:

In/i .

Ii?? aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeey oaeiai aeeneo aoaea aei??aithaaoe:

In/i .

Oiae? aeey aoaeoeaiino? ia?aoai?aiiy io?eio?ii ioe?ieo:

.

?ioeie neiaaie, a aeaieo oiiaao o?eueee 15% oeneo aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey
ia iaia?aio o?ainoi?ioaaeinue a oene caoeiai? oaee? ca ?? iaaeaie.

Ii?? nee oa?oy yaey?oueny /anoioiicaeaaeiei. Aaee/eia eiai
aecia/a?oueny aeonoe/ieie aeanoeainoyie iaia?aie, niiniaii ?? e??ieaiiy
? aaaeei i?aeaea?oueny ?ic?aooieo. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (22) oa caeaaeiino?,
ui c iueiai aeo?eathoue, ei?enoi? ia?o ca ana aeey ye?nii? ioe?iee
eiino?oeoeaieo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia aiie?ooaeo neaiaeo
aei?ii?ithaa/a.

Oi?ia neaiaeo aei?ii?ithaa/a iiaea a?aeia?aaeaoe /eneaii? yaeua
i?neyae?? , iniaeeai, yeui aeaiio??oaaiiy iaia?aie aeeiiaia
iaaeinoaoiuei iiaii (?enoiie 8). I?ney ei?ioeiai aeonoe/iiai ?iioeueno,
a?aeiia?aeiiai ii o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno no?oio (caa?oa?ii oaaao ia ??ci?
ianooaae ii ai?eciioae? aeey no?oio oa aeonoe/iiai oeneo ia ?en.8)
iiaeooue i?iyaeyoeny o?eaae? ioeuenaoe??, iia’ycai? c i?ioeanaie a
naiiio aei?ii?ithaa/?. ?oith i?e?iaeo aaeaeiny anoaiiaeoe i?ney
aei??thaaiiy i?enei?aiue ae?eyiie iiaa?oi? aei?ii?ithaa/a. Oi/ee
aeaoooaaiiy aeao/ee?a i?enei?aiue iieacai? ia ?en.8: 1 — oeaio?
iaia?aie; 2 — na?aaeiy e?i?y ?aae?ono iaia?aie (iai?ioe ?iaeoeoi?a); 3 —
iiaeeco e?i?? cauaieaiy iaia?aie; 4 — ia aieia?e iiaa?oi?
aei?ii?ithaa/a. Oi/ee 5,6 oa 7 — neiao?e/i? oi/eai 1,2 oa 3, aea
?ici?uai? ia i?ioeeaaei?e (oeeia?e) /anoei? aei?ii?ithaa/a. Inoeeeia?aie
i?enei?aiue ae?eyiie iiaa?oi? a oi/eao 1 oa 2 iieacai? ia ?enoieo 9.
?oiy aieiaia iniaeea?noue — ??cia oaca ia?oi? i?aoaee? i?enei?aiue a
oeaio?? iaia?aie (oi/ea 1 ) ? iina?aaeei? ?? ?aae?ona (oi/ea 2). Oea
aea? ciiao i?eionoeoe oaeee oa?aeoa? aeaoi?iaoe?? iaia?aie, ye aeacaii
ia ?en.9. Oeaio?aeueia /anoeia iaia?aie oi?io? ?iioeuen ?ic??aeaeaiiy, a
na?aaeeiia — ?iioeuen caouaiiy.

Aeonoe/iee neaiae, ui niinoa??aa?oueny, ye i?aaeei, ia a?aenoai? 1 i,
yaey? niaith ?acoeueoao ?ioa?oa?aioe?? aei?ii?ithaaiue ie?aieo ae?eyiie
oa eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a aei?ii?ithaa/a, ui ?ooathoueny oaeoe/ii
ianeioacii. E?eueoeaaa oaeey aeioeeino? iaia?aie ?ooa?oueny ye aei
oeaio?o, oae ? aei ia?eoa???. E?eueoeaaa oaeey aiaiooino? ?ooa?oueny c
oeaio?o aei ia?eoa???. Iiaa?oiaa? oaee? o iaia?ai? a?aeaeaathoueny a?ae
cauaieaiiy ? ciiao cae?athoueny a oeaio??, oi?ioth/e iiooaei? anieanee
aeonoe/iiai neaiaeo. Ooo aeieeathoue iaa?oue eaa?oaoe?ei? yaeua o aiae?,
ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei ?ioaineaii? a?ic?? oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie iaia?aie.
Aeacai? oaeeueia? yaeua a aei?ii?ithaa/? iacaai? iaie ?aae?aeueieie.

?ieue inaaeo oaeeueiaeo yaeu aoea anoaiiaeaia iaie a ?acoeueoao?
ni?anoaaeaiiy neaiae?a i?yiiai oa cai?ioiueiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ii?nueeeo
AAe?. Aieea cai?ioiueiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia oa?aeoa?enoeee i?yiiai
neaiaeo iiaeii iiynieoe a?aeaeaaiiyi /anoee cai?ioiueiai neaiaeo a?ae
eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a aei?ii?ithaa/a (a?aieoeue oa??a c ??cieie
aeonoe/ieie aeanoeainoyie). Aeae? a?aeaeoee neaiae neeaaea?oueny c
i?yiei neaiaeii (?ioa?oa?o?). Ca?aene aeo?ea? aeiiaa uiaei aeoo?iiy
cai?ioiueiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ua a naiiio aeaea?ae? neaiaeo.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? iniaeeaino? AAe? aeey oi?ioaaiiy
iiooaei?o iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue (?i?oaoe?ei? AAe?). Ca ?o aeiiiiiaith
oi?iothoueny neaiaee, iiae?ai? aei i?e?iaei?o (caieao?on?a). Aeey
oeueiai canoiniaothoueny e?i?ei? a?oie AAe?, ?ici?uai? a u?eeiao
(u?eueia? aei?ii?ithaa/?) aai a naa?aeeiaeiao (naa?aeeiaeii?
aei?ii?ithaa/?). Ia?oa aeanoea?noue AAe? (aeniea oi/i?noue
neio?ii?caoe??) aea? ciiao oeyoii a?oioaaiiy noi?ioaaoe ?iioeuen,
aeecueeee aei i?e?iaeiueiai. ?ioa aeanoea?noue AAe? (ieinea oi?ia) aea?
ciiao i?e a?aeiia?aeiiio ?icoaooaaii? oi?ioaaoe ye i?iaeiaaei?, oae ?
iiia?a/i? oaee? (cnoai? oaee?). Iiaeeea?noue AAe? i?aoethaaoe a oe?ieiio
ae?aiacii? /anoio aea? ciiao eaaei caoaeaeoaaoe ?aciiaini? eieeaaiiy
aeaiaio?a aoae?aaeue oa nii?oae, i?ciaaaoe ?oi? ?aciiaini? aeanoeaino?,
ia?aa??yoe aoaeoeai?noue aioenaeni?/ieo caoiae?a. Naeniia?aie eieeaaiue
iiaa?oi? a?oioo a?ae AAe? i?eaaaeai? ia ?en.10. Iaeneiaeueia i?enei?aiiy
nyaaei 0,54 i/n2 , o?eaae?noue ae?? — 20 in. Aia?aoo?a, aei?iaoaaia ia
iie?aii? naeniino?eeiai aoae?aieoeoaa, i?eaeaoia oaeiae aeey
aei?iaoaaiue ia naeniino?ee?noue a?aeiia?aeaeueieo aia?aaoe/ieo ia’?eo?a
(o?ainoi?iaoi??a, aaiae?a, aeeeth/aoae?a).

Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy aino?iiai?aaeaiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy
a?aei?aoeueiaoaaeany ia iie?aii? ca aeiiiiiaith ainueieeaiaeueiiai AAe?.
I?e iaeii/ani?e ae?? an?o aeaiaio?a aei?ii?ithaa/a oi?io?oueny
oeee?iae?e/iee oaeeueiaee o?iio. I?e caioneo aeaiaio?a c aeayeei
cai?ciaiiyi iaeei a?aeiinii ?ioiai — oi?io?oueny eii?/iee oaeeueiaee
o?iio. I?iaeaeoi?ia ciia oaee? a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaoeeaia i?ae aeayeei
eooii aei iiaa?oi?. Caaaeyee oeueiio oaeeth iiaeia iai?aaeyoe naia
ooaee, ca?aeee i/?eo?oueny i?eeii neaiaeo. Neaiaee c iaaaaeaieo
iai?yie?a i?e oeueiio aoaeooue neeueii ineaaeaieie. Oea a?ae??ciy?
a?oiiaee aei?ii?ithaa/ a?ae ?ioa?oa?aioe?eieo i?eeiaeueieo nenoai, ia
ao?ae yeeo i?eoiaeyoue ye ei?eni? neaiaee, oae ? neaiaee c iaaaaeaieo
iai?yi?a.

Ia ?en.11 i?eaaaeai? naeniia?aie, iaea?aeai? naia i?e ci?iao iai?yi?a
aei?ii?ithaaiiy a?oiiaiai AAe?.

*ei iaioa a?aenoaiue i?ae aeaiaioaie a?oiiaiai aei?ii?ithaa/a, oei ia
iaioeo aeeaeiao noi?io?oueny caaeaia oaeeueiaa iiea. Aaaaoiaeaiaoiee
aei?ii?ithaa/ ia? oaeiae ia?aaaae ? c oi/ee ci?o ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino?
iiaa?oiaaeo oaeeue-ia?aoeiae. Inoaii? oi?iothoueny o aa?oi?o /anoeiao
a?oio?a ? iathoue ?ioaineai?noue cia/ii aeuo ca oaee?, a?aeaeo? a?ae
ieaei?o ai?ecaio?a. Ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oaeeue-ia?aoeiae —
aeiaeaoeiaee ei?eniee aoaeo canoinoaaiiy a?oiiaeo AAe?.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iieueiaeo aei?iaoaaiue
iiooaei?o AAe? a oiiaao aaio?ce/ieo aeniaaeeoe?e (i?iieneia? AAe? —
?en.12 — 14). ?oiy iniaeea?noue — iiaeeea?noue o?eaaei? aenieoaoaoe?? a
oiiaao aaoiiiiiiai aia?aicaaacia/aiiy. Iniiaio oaaao i?eae?eaii
oa?aeoa?enoeeai onoaiiaie, aeaoaeani?iiiaeiinoyi naeniia?ai,
?acoeueoaoai canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a ineaaeaiiy ooi?a, oi?ioaaiiy
iai?aaeaiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, i?eeeaaeai aeae?eaiiy neaiae?a o neeaaeieo
naeniiaaieia?/ieo oiiaao.

O aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe.

1. Noai?aiiy eiiieaeno aenieiaoaeoeaieo aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo i?eno?i?a
aeey eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua aoei niiioeaii
ieceith i?e/ei. Ii-ia?oa, aeaaii aeieeea iio?aaa a a?eueo aeaoaeueiiio
aea/aii? no?oeoo?e oaa?aeeo na?aaeiaeu ia noo? oa i?ae aiaeith, ui
aeiaaaei inai?iiy a?eueo aeniei/anoioiiai naeni?/iiai ae?aiaciio.
Ii-ae?oaa, oni?oe o noai?aii? i?eeaae?a aeey i?eeiio neaaeeo naeni?/ieo
neaiae?a oa iiaeo iaoiae?a aeae?eaiiy ei?enieo neaiae?a ia oii? ooi?a
aenoaaee iia? aeiiae uiaei aei?ii?ithth/i? aia?aoo?e (aeniea
noaa?euei?noue, a?aeoai?thaai?noue, aaaaoi?iioeueniee ?aaeei ?iaioe).
Ii-o?ao?, canoinoaaiiy ?nioth/eo aei?ii?ithaa/?a iaooiaooaaeiny ia ?yae
iaiaaeaiue i?eioeeiiaiai oa?aeoa?o.

2. Aei?ii?ithaa/? AAe? iathoue ?yae i?ioeeaaeieo aeanoeainoae:
a?aeiinii eaaei aeinyaa?oueny aeniea noaa?euei?noue ia?aiao??a ?iioeuena
eiaeiiai c?acea, oi/i?noue eiai neio?ii?caoe??, aea aia?aaoe/ia
aoaeoeai?noue ia?aoai?thaa/?a eeoa?oueny aeineoue iecueeith.
Canoinoaaiiy iaai?oii?iaiae?a i?aeaeuo? aia?aaoe/i? iieacieee, caoa
ciaioo? oaeaeeiae?th oa caoaeo? niaeo? aei?ii?ithaaieo neaiae?a, aeceaa?
i?iaeaie ?iciiae?eo ?iioeueno neee ii iiaa?oi? a?oioo aeey caaacia/aiiy
?iaioe a iaeano? i?oaei?o aeaoi?iaoe?e.

?ioa aeanoea?noue AAe?, ui oaeiae aeiaaaea iaa?oioiaaiiai eiii?ii?no,
iieyaaea o i?ioe??//yo i?ae oiaueiith ?iai/iai caci?o, aoaeoeai?noth
ia?aoai?aiiy oa iaae?ei?noth aei?ii?ithaa/a.

I?ioeeaaeieie yaeythoueny oaeiae aeiiae uiaei aeniei? /anoioe oa
aaeeei? aiie?ooaee neaiaeo.

3. A ?aeei?e eiino?oeoe?? AAe? ia aaeaeiny ocaiaeeoe an? aeacai?
i?ioe??//y. Oiio aeey eiaeii? iaeano? canoinoaaiiy AAe? noai?aii?
niaoe?ae?ciaai? eiino?oeoe??: aeey iecueei/anoioii? naeni?ee c iiaa?oi?
caie? — aeaioeaoooa/i?, aaaaoicaoiaei? oa naeoe?iiiaai?; aeey a?eueo
aeniei/anoioii? a?ae?iaeonoeee oa ?iaeaia?ii? naeni?ee — ?iaeoeoe?ei?;
aeey ?i?oaoe?eieo oe?eae — oeee?iae?e/i? (neaaaeeii?) oa niaoe?aeuei?
u?eeii?.

4. Iacaaaeath/e ia ??ciiiai?oi?noue eiino?oeoe?e oai?aoe/i? iniiae AAe?
yaeythoueny aeineoue caaaeueieie aeey an?o iaeanoae ?oiueiai
canoinoaaiiy:

a) ?ic?aooiee aia?aaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai oeneo a
?iai/iio caci??, aeonoe/ii? iiooaeiino?, aeonoe/iiai oeneo;

a) a?aooaaiiy i?e?iaee oa ?ie? oaeeueiaeo yaeu, niinia?a i?eaeooaiiy
eaa?oaoe?eieo yaeu i?e ?iaio? aei?ii?ithaa/?a o aiae?;

a) iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiia aei aeaiaio?a a?oiiaeo aei?ii?ithaa/?a aeey
caaacia/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy iaia?aae caaeaii? ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino?.

5. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeee i?e?iaeo
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? oa?aeoa?enoee ie?aieo AAe?. Aeinyaoe iiaii?
?aeaioe/iino? an?o aecaiiey??a AAe? aaaeei ? ia caaaeaee aeioe?eueii.
A?eueo aaaeeeai, uia ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aeanoeaino? eeoaeenue iaci?iieie.
Oiae? ?o iiaeia a?aooaaoe i?ia?aiieie iaoiaeaie i?e iano?ieoe? eiiieaeno
i?eeiiii? aia?aoo?e oeyoii canoinoaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? cao?eiee
iiiaio?a ni?aoethaaiiy aeaiaio?a a?oiiaiai aei?ii?ithaa/a.

6. Aeey naeni?/ieo AAe?, ui a?ae??ciythoueny aaeeeith iiooaei?noth, ia
ia?oee ieai aenooiathoue ieoaiiy aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oa EEAe
ia?aoai?aiiy. C oe?? oi/ee ci?o ia?aaaae iathoue nenoaie c aenieith
aeia?ioi?noth, ye? a ?aeaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo iiaeooue caaacia/eoe
?aeoia?aoe?th /anoee aia?a??, caianaii? a iaeiie/oaa/?.

Aeey a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo AAe? ia ia?oee ieai aenooiathoue ieoaiiy
caaacia/aiiy ye?nii? oi?ie ciiaeoth/iai neaiaeo (a ?aeaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo
— oi?iiey?iiai ?iioeueno).

Aeey ?i?oaoe?eieo AAe? aeiionoeiith ? ?iaioa ia iaae? i?oaei?o
aeaoi?iaoe?e iaia?aie oa iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Ooo aeiionoei?
aaeee? oenee aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey a ?iai/iio caci?? (aei 1 IIa).

Oaaeeoey 1

Iniiaii oaoi?ei-aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeaii

aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo aei?ii?ithaa/?a oeio AAe?

N e/i Iaeiaioaaiiy ia?aiao?o 0,4 / 1 0,8/ 1 1,2 /5 2,5 /2 4 /6 10 /0,5
Ai?-nae NA Aie-nae OA Aie-nae OI

1 Iaeneiaeueia neea ae?? ia a?oio, eI 26 20 200 80 100 35 500 600 600

2 Iaeneiaeueia o?eaae?noue ?iioeuena, in 5 6 8 10 4 — 12 9 — 24 5 — 6 4
— 5 4 — 5

3 Ia??iaee/i?noue ae?? ?iioeuen?a, n 1 1 0,01 — 2 0,01 6 6 6 6 6

4 Noia?ia aia?a?y iaeiie/oaa/a, eAeae 0,4 0,8 1,2 2,5 3,7 10 60 60 65

5 E?euee?noue aei?ii?ithaa/?a , oo. 1 1 5 2 6 2 2 6 6

6 ?iai/a iiaa?oiy iaeiiai aei?ii?ithaa/a, i2 0,13 0,1 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2
0,75 0,25 0,25

7 Ia?aaaaeia /anoioa a niaeo?? neaiaeo, Aoe 440 250 — 420 320 320 75 —
250 75 — 250 120 150 150

8 Oi/i?noue neio?iiecaoe?? ?iioeuen?a, in 0,03 0,03 0,03 0,03 0,1 0,1
0,1 0,1 0,1

9 *enei eaiae?a, oo. 1 1 5 2 6 2 2 6 6

10 Iiooaei?noue aeaea?aea aeeaeaiiy, eAo 4 4 4 4 1 4 37,5 25 25

11 Iana onoaiiaee (c o?ainii?oiei caniaii), ea 70 80 500 130 500 2500
20000 13800 13800

12 O?ainii?oia aaca iaia iaia iaia iaia I?e-oeai I2 AAC-66 O-130 naie
E-701 O-150 E-701 O-150

13 Aaaa?eoe, i 11,6o 2,5o3,2 6,5o 2,5o3,0 6,5o 2,5o3,0

Oaaeeoey 2

Ii??aiyeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo

aei?ii?ithaa/?a a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo eiioeuen?a

N i/i Ia?aiao?e aei?ii?ithaa/?a UNIBOOM-230 (NOA) UNIBOOM-240 (NOA)
HUNTEC ED-10B (Eaia-aea) CAeE-3 OAIO (Oe?a-?ia)

1 Iiaiay aia?a?y iaeiie/oaa/a, eAeae 0,3 0,5 0,5 0,1 — 0,5

2 Ca?yaeia iai?oaa iaeiie/oaa/a, eA — — 4 5

3 Ia??iae iiaoi?aiiy ?iioeuen?a, n 6 6 6 6

4 ??aaiue aeonoe/iiai oeneo, Aea/ieaa? 107 110 108 110

5 O?eaae?noue a?ae?iaeonoe/iiai ?iioeueno, in 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,2

6 Ae?aiacii /anoio aei?ii?ithaa/?a, eAoe 0,4 — 14 1 — 8 0,2 — 10 2 — 10

7 Aeaoaea-ni?iiiaei?noue , i 0,15 0,25 0,20 0,20

8 Aeeaeii?noue aeine?aeaeaiue ii aeiiiei a?aeeeaaeaiiyi, i 40 — 50 60 —
90 50 — 100 50 — 120

9 Aaaa?eoii ?aci??e, ii 1580o 840o 590 1500o 700o 700 700o 700o 700
700o 700o 1200

10 Iana onoaiiaee c aei?ii?ith-aa/aie, ea 90 150 120 170

7. Aeacai? ?aeiiaiae?oe?? a iniiaiiio iiai?noth ia?aa??ai? i?aeoe/ii.
O?eaaeee aeina?ae i?iieneiai? oa aeine?aeii? aenieoaoaoe?? an?o aeae?a
AAe? aeaa iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe iaea?eueo aaaeeea? c aeiia uiaei
eiino?oeoe??, iaoa??ae?a, oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy oa iaoiaeeee
aenieoaoaoe??. Aiie ina?oeai? a i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nuee?e
aeieoiaioaoe?? oa ioae?eaoe?yo, iaaaaeaieo ieae/a.

1. Ao?ei A.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea iaoaie/aneeo iai?yaeaiee iiae iaia?aiie
yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneiai eceo/aoaey naenie/aneeo eieaaaiee. // Iaoai?ea oa
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. Iaoe.-oaoi. aeo?iae AI AO Oe?a?ie, ?2, 1998.- n.69-72.

2. Ao?ei A.A. Eieoaoeey naenie/aneeo aicaeaenoaee ia i?iiuoeaiiua
caeaiey e yia?aaoe/aneia iai?oaeiaaiea. // Iaoai?ea oa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy.
Iaoe.-oaoi. aeo?iae AI AO Oe?a?ie, ?2, 1998.- n.66 — 68.

3. Ao?ei A.A. Yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneea eceo/aoaee aeae?iaeonoe/aneeo
eiioeuenia aeey eco/aiey no?oeoo?u aeiiiuo inaaeeia.- Aanoiee OAIO, aui.
13, Oa?ueeia, 1998.- n.107 — 115.

4. Ao?ei A.A. Aieiiaua yaeaiey a iaia?aiao yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo
eceo/aoaeae./ Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea, oaoiieiaey,
caei?iauea : O?. iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.-oaoi. eiio. Oa?ueeia, 12-14 iay
1997 a., / 5, Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a: Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi.
oi-o, Ieoeieueoe. oi-o, Iaaaeaao?a. oi-o, 1997.- n.251-253.

5. Ao?ei A.A. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiua nenoaiu oi?ie?iaaiey iiuiuo
naenie/aneeo neaiaeia ia aaca yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo enoi/ieeia./
Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea, oaoiieiaey, caei?iauea : O?.
iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.-oaoi. eiio. Oa?ueeia, 12-14 iay 1997 a., / 5,
Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a: Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-o,
Ieoeieueoe. oi-o, Iaaaeaao?a. oi-o, 1997.- n. 254-256.

6. Ao?ei A.A. Yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneay eceo/athuay nenoaia
aeae?iaeonoe/aneiai eiiieaena aeey eiio?iey yeieiae/aneiai ninoiyiey
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu./ Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea,
oaoiieiaey, caei?iauea : Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia OAIO. Aui. 6. *. 1.-
Oa?ueeia: Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-o, 1998.- n.500-507.

7. Ao?ei A.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea naenie/aneeo e ac?uaiuo aicaeaenoaee ia
yia?aaoe/aneea iauaeou./ Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea,
oaoiieiaey, caei?iauea : O?. iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.-oaoi. eiio. Oa?ueeia,
12-14 iay 1997 a., / 5, Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a: Oa?uee. ain.
iieeoaoi. oi-o, Ieoeieueoe. oi-o, Iaaaeaao?a. oi-o, 1997.- n.254-256.

8. Ao?ei A.A. Aaoiei??aeyoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee e ?ac?aoathuay
niiniaiinoue yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo eceo/aoaeae. — ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??: iaoea, oaoi?ea, oaoiieia?y, ina?oa, caei?ia’y: Ca??ea
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue OAeIO. Aei.7, /. 3.- Oa?e?a: Oa?e. aea?ae. iie?oaoi.
oi-o. 1999.- n. 197 — 201.

9.Ao?ei A.A. Ioeaiea naenie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou
yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo enoi/ieeia n iiaa?oiinoe Caiee.- Aanoi. Oa?uee.
ain. iieeoaoi. oi-oa, aui.13, 1998, n.81-84.

10. Ao?ei A.A. Iiaeoeueiue i?eioeei iino?iaiey aieinoiiai iaeiieoaey
yia?aee aeey ieoaiey yeaeo?iene?iaiai e yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneiai enoi/ieeia
aeonoe/aneeo aiei. — Iaoa?eaeu o?aoueae i.-o. eiio. “Eiiieaeniua
aaieiai-aaioece/aneea enneaaeiaaiey Ie?iaiai ieaaia”, 26-28 ai?aey 1988
a., /. 1. Aaeaiaeaeee, 1988 a.- n. 70 — 71.

11. Ao?ei A.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea iai?aaeaiiuo naenie/aneeo aiei n caaeaiiuie
ia?aiao?aie iiaa?oiinoiuie enoi/ieeaie yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneiai oeia. —
Aanoi. Oa?uee. iieeoaoi. ei-oa “Iaaieoii-eiioeueniay ia?aa. iaoaeeia”,
1976, ?12, aui.3, n.66-70.

12. Ao?ei A.A. Auai? oieueiu ecieyoeeiiiie i?ineieee a nenoaia ieineay
eaoooea-aeene yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneiai enoi/ieea naenie/aneeo eieaaaiee. —
Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai iieeoaoi. ei-oa “Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea e
aaoiiaoecaoeey yia?aionoaiiaie”, 1992 a., ?286, aui.17., n.39-40.

13. Ao?ei A.A., Eiiioii A.A., E?oaeee I.E. Yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneea oaea?iua
ono?ienoaa aeey naenie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee./ I?iaeaiu aea?aoeeiiiiai
i?inaa/eaaiey Caiee. Aeaaeaiey iaoe NNN?. I., Iaoea, 1977, n.137 — 142.

Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa ?ic?aooieiao iiaeaeue oa i?eeiya o/anoue a
aeine?aeao.

14. Ao?ei A.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A., Niaeianeee I.O. Ii?aaeaeaiea ia?aiao?ia
eiiaeainaoi?iie aaoa?ae onoaiiaee oaea?iiai aeaenoaey .- “Yeaeo?iyia?a.
e aaoiiaoec. ia?aionoaiiaie”. Aano. Oa?uee. iieeoaoi. ei-oa, ? 150,
Oa?ueeia, Aeua oeiea, Ecae-ai OAO, 1979 a., n.54-56.

Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy ??cieo aeae?a iaeiie/oaa/?a aia?a??.

15. Ao?ei A.A., Iaoiaiei A.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea ia?aiao?ia noai caiauaiey
o?aoyeaeo?iaeiuo aicaeooiuo ?ac?yaeieeia.- Aanoi. Oa?uee. iieeoaoi.
ei-oa, Iaaieoii-eiioeueniay ia?aaioea iaoaeeia, 1976, ?121, aui.3,
n.57-61.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia ?ic?aooieiaa iiaeaeue iia?o?yieo eiiooaoi??a.

16. Ao?ei A.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Eiio?ieue oa?aeoa?enoee neeiaiai
aicaeaenoaey i?e ?aaioa yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneiai enoi/ieea naenie/aneeo
eieaaaiee. — Aanoiee Oa?uee. iieeoaoi. ei-oa “Yeaeo?iyia?a. e
aaoiiaoecaoeey yia?aionoaiiaie”, 1981, ?176, aui.9, n. 72-75.

Aaoi? noi?ioethaaa aeiiae aei aei??thaaeueii? aia?aoo?e

17. Ai?iaeaoeeay A.I., Ao?ei A.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A., Ieoeeaae/ N.A.,
Iiaaoeei I.A. ?an/aoiua iiaeaee yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae
enoi/ieeia naenie/aneeo eieaaaiee. — Aanoiee Oa?uee. iieeoaoi. ei-oa
“Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea e aaoiiaoecaoeey yia?aionoaiiaie”, 1981, ?176, aui.9,
n.68-72.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aei?ii?ithaa/a.

18. Ao?ei A.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Eniuoaoaeueiue noaiae
yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo enoi/ieeia naenie/aneeo eieaaaiee. — Aanoiee
Oa?uee. iieeoaoi. ei-oa “Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea e aaoiiaoecaoeey
yia?aionoaiiaie”, 1983, aui.11., n.65-66.

Aaoi? iaa?oiooaaa oaieiaee ?aaeei oe?enoi?iiai eiiooaoi?a.

19. Ayeia TH.A., Aaaeeeia I.A., Aeaae/aiei A.ss., Ao?ei A.A., Ieoaeeonue
TH.A., Iaaiea A.A. Ioeaiea aiciiaeiinoae eniieueciaaiey
yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo eceo/aoaeae aeey aeoaieiaiaeiuo enneaaeiaaiee. — A
ei. Naeniiaeonoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey ie?iaiai ieaaia. Aaeaiaeaeee, 1986,
n.80-84.

Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa a?oiiaee aeaeo?iaeeiai?/iee aei?ii?ithaa/

20. Ao?ei A.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A., Iinoiaie N.I. I auai?a yeaeo?e/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia auniei/anoioiuo naenie/aneeo enoi/ieeia yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneiai
oeia. Aanoiee Oa?uee. iieeoaoi. ei-oa “Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea e
aaoiiaoecaoeey yia?aionoaiiaie”, 1987, ?243, aui.14, n.36-38.

Aaoi?ii ocaaaeueiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue.

21. Ao?ei A.A., Iinoiaie N.I. Eiaeaia?iay iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa
yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneiai naeniienoi/ieea. — Eca.aocia. Aaieiaey e
?acaaaeea, ? 11, 1988 , n.21.

Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa ?aeath ?iaeaia?iiai ?ic?aooieo.

22. Ao?ei A.A., Aeoa?ia I.I., Iinoiaie N.I. Yeaeo?e/aneay ecieyoeey
eaoooae yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo oaea?iuo nenoai aeey ?acaaaeee iieaciuo
eneiiaaiuo. Na. noaoae: Iiaua ?ac?aaioee a iaeanoe yeaeo?e/aneie
ecieyoeee. E., Yia?aiaoiiecaeao, 1991, n.35-36.

Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ii? ?cieyoe??.

23. Ao?ei A.A., Aeaae/aiei A.ss., Ieoaeeonue TH.A., Iaaiea A.A.
Iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa iniiaiuo ia?aiao?ia yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo enoi/ieeia
aeae?iaeonoe/aneeo aiei. — A na. “Oaoiieiaey e iaoiaeu i?eiaiaiey
enoi/ieeia oi?oaeo aiei i?e ii?neeo naeniiaeonoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaieyo”.
Aaeaiaeaeee, 1988 a., n.55-61.

Aaoi? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a aei?ii?iiaa/?a o aeeaei?e
cii?.

24. Ao?ei A.A., Aeaae/aiei A.ss., Aeuey/eia A.E. , Iinoiaie N.I.
Caaeneiinoue aeaaeaiey yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneiai enoi/ieea
aeae?iaeonoe/aneeo aiei io ia?aia?ia ?ac?yaeiiai eiioo?a. — A na.
“Oaoiieiaey e iaoiaeu i?eiaiaiey enoi/ieeia oi?oaeo aiei i?e ii?neeo
naeniiaeonoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaieyo”. Aaeaiaeaeee, 1988 a., n.66-70.

Aaoi? aeeiiaa aiae?c aieeao ia?aiao??a eiioo?a ia oi?io ?iioeuena.

25. Ao?ei A.A., Aeoa?ia I.I., Iinoiaie N.I. N?aaieoaeueiay
yooaeoeaiinoue i?aia?aciaaoaeae yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo naeniienoi/ieeia. —
A na. iao/i. o?oaeia: “Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai iieeoaoi. ei-oa, ?14/93,
Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea e aaoiiaoecaoeey yeaeo?ionoaiiaie”, aui. 18, n.51-52.

Aaoi? aeeiiaa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aei?iaoaaiue.

26. Ao?ei A.A., Eiaeaiei I.I., Ia/oeaeoa? E.E., Aieoiaeeiia A.I.
Onoaiiaea aeey naenie/aneie ?acaaaeee. A.n. NNN? ? 807818, ii. AE ? 19,
1980 a.

27. Ao?ei A.A., Aaneeueaa TH.E., Eeoaeiaiei I.A., Nieieia A.E., Ua?ai
I.I. Niinia ii?aaeaeaiey iaoaie/aneeo naienoa a?oioa a anoanoaaiiii
caeaaaiee. A.n. NNN? ? 1077976.

28. Ao?ei A.A., Aeooei E.E., Eeoaeiaiei I.A., Neaaaooeeei A.A.
Ono?ienoai aeey aicaoaeaeaiey naenie/aneeo eieaaaiee. A.n. NNN? ?
1220468, Ca?aa.22.11.1985 a.

29. Ao?ei A.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A., Oiaa?nii I..A. Enoi/iee naenie/aneeo
eieaaaiee. A.n. NNN? ? 1701044, ca?aa.22.08.1991 a. 30. Ao?ei A.A.,
Aani?icaaiiuo A.A., Aeaae/aiei A.ss., Iaaiea A.A. Aunieiaieueoiue
yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneee eceo/aoaeue. A.n. NNN? ? 1400449, c.1.02.1988 a.

31. Ayeia TH.A., Aaaeeeia I.A., Ao?ei A.A., Aeaae/aiei A.ss., Ieoaeeonue
TH.A. Ono?ienoai aeey aicaoaeaeaiey naenie/aneeo eieaaaiee. A.n. NNN? ?
1529955, c. 15.08.1989 a.

32. Ao?ei A.A., Aeaae/aiei A.ss., Aeuey/eia A.E., Aaaeeeia I.A.,
Ieoaeeonue TH.A. Eiioeueniue yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneee eceo/aoaeue. A.n. NNN?
? 1601869, c. 22.06.1990 a.

33. Ao?ei A.A., Ieoaeeonue TH.A. e ae?. Ono?ienoai aeey aicaoaeaeaiey
naenie/aneeo eieaaaiee. Iaoaio Oe?aeiu ? 94301260 io 12.03.93,
iieiaeeo.?ao. io 21.11.94 a.

34. Ao?ei A.A., Iiaaoeei I.A. Niinia aicaoaeaeaiey naenie/aneeo
eieaaaiee. Iaoaio Oe?aeiu ii cayaea io23.09.94, iieiae. ?aoaiea io
14.12.1993 a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a o iaaaaeaieo aeiaoiaeao oa aoaioao:

[26-30] — ?aeay aeiaoiaeo, o/anoue a ?? ia?aa??oe?, noai?aii?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo c?ace?a oa o/anoue o ?o aei?iaoaaiiyo; [28-34]
?ic?aooieia? iiaeae? AAe? oa iaoiaeeea ?o canoinoaaiiy.

AIIOAOe??

Ao?ei A.A. Noai?aiiy eiiieaeno aenieiaoaeoeaieo aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo
i?eno?i?a aeey eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
(oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.11.13 — i?eeaaee ? iaoiaee eiio?ieth. — Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Caoeuathoueny 34 iaoeia? ?iaioe (a oiio /ene? 12 iniaenoeo, 9
aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa oa iaoaio?a), a yeeo aeeeaaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae
?ic?iaee aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo aei?ii?ithaa/?a aeey eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
aaio?ceoe?, a?ae?iaeonoeoe?, i?e eiio?ie? naeniino?eeino? aoae?aaeue oa
nii?oae.

Aecia/aii aieea oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a ia oi?ioaaiiy naeni?/iiai iiey oa
ia?aiao?e a?ae?iaeonoe/ieo ?iioeuen?a. Iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
io?eiaiiy iioeiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo aei?ii?ithaa/?a
iaoiaeeee ?o aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaeo?iaeeiai?/iee aei?ii?ithaa/, ia?aiao?e
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, aaio?ceea, a?ae?iaeonoeea, eiio?ieue
naeniino?eeino? aoae?aaeue, oaeeueia? yaeua.

Gurin A.G. The creation of high effective complex of electrodynamic
sources for environment monitoring. (The theoretical

bases of projection and inculcation). The thesis (manuscript) for a
doctor’s degree of technical sciences, speciality 05.11.13 —
apparatuses and methods for control. Kharkov State Polytechnical
University, 1998.

It is defended the 34 scientific works (among them 12 are self-made, 9
author’s copyrights) in with the theoretical bases of electrodynamics
sources for environment monitoring are presented, for examples of
geophysics, hydroacustics and seismology building monitoring are given.
The causes of wave phenomena during generation of seismic field and
hydroacoustic pulses are found. It is based the recommendations to
achieve the optimal characteristics of electrodynamics sources and are
given a meatheads to its effective inculcation. The most useful range of
frequency usage is from 1 to 10 kHz. The lower limit is caused by
illumiyftion’s distressing, the higher – pulse mechanical properties of
sources. Pulse magnitude atchived 100 kPa, depth of investigations – 500
m with water coverty about 2 km. Energy accomulation atchived 10 kJ for
deep investigations and 0,5 – 1 kJ – for surface one.

Key words: electrodynamic source, geophysic, hydroacustic, seismology
building monitiring, wave phenomena.,

Ao?ei A.A. Nicaeaiea eiiieaena aunieiyooaeoeaiuo yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo
ono?ienoa aeey eiio?iey ia?aiao?ia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. (Oai?aoe/aneea
iniiau ?ac?aaioee e aiaae?aiea). Aeenna?oaoeey (?oeiienue) ia nieneaiea
o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.11.13 —
i?eai?u e iaoiaeu eiio?iey. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue
iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Caueuaaony 34 iao/iua ?aaiou (a oii /enea 12 ee/ii aaoi?neeo, 9
aaoi?neeo naeaeaoaeuenoa e iaoaioia), a eioi?uo eceiaeaiu oai?aoe/aneea
iniiau ?ac?aaioee yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo eceo/aoaeae aeey eiio?iey
ia?aiao?ia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, aeaiu i?eia?u eo ?aaeecaoeee a
aaioeceea, aeae?iaeonoeea, i?e eiio?iea naeniinoieeinoe caeaiee e
nii?oaeaiee.

Onoaiiaeaia ?ieue aieiiauo i?ioeannia i?e oi?ie?iaaiee naenie/aneiai
iiey e aeae?iaeonoe/aneeo eiioeuenia. Iainiiaaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
aeinoeaeaieth iioeiaeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo
eceo/aoaeae, iaoiaeeea eo yooaeoeaiiai eniieueciaaiey. Iieacaii, /oi
?ani?aaeaeaiea eiioaeoiuo iai?yaeaiee iiae eceo/aoaeai caaeneo io
/anoiou, a iiuiinoue eceo/aiey aeinoeaaao iaeneioia i?e ?aaiiia?iii
?ani?aaeaeaiee ii?iaeueiuo eiioaeoiuo iai?yaeaiee. Ii?aaeaeaia aaee/eia
eia?oiie iannu, aeinoaoi/iay aeey oiai, /oiau ia acaeiiia ia?aiauaiea
eiaeoeoi?ia ?anoiaeiaaeanue iacia/eoaeueiay aeiey yia?aee aieinoiiai
iaeiieoaey.

I?aeiouanoaaiiie iaeanoueth i?eiaiaiey YAeE aeae?iaeonoe/aneeo aiei
yaeyaony aeeaiacii /anoio io 1 aei 10 eAoe. Ieaeiee i?aaeae
ii?aaeaeyaony nieaeaieai yooaeoeaiinoe eceo/aiey, aa?oiee –
aiciiaeiinoyie iaoaie/aneie nenoaiu eceo/aoaey. Aiieeooaea eiioeuena
aeinoeaaao 100 eIa, aeoaeia ciiaee?iaaiey aeiiiuo inaaeeia – 500 i i?e
oieua aiaeu aei 2 ei. Yia?aey iaeiieoaey aeinoeaaao 10 eAeae i?e
aeoaeiiuo enneaaeiaaieyo e 0,5 – 1 eAeae i?e ?aaioao ia iaeeiaiaeuea.

Aeey iiaeaaeaiey aieiiauo yaeaiee a aeneaeueiii iai?aaeaiee (ia?aoiiai
eceo/aiey) a eiino?oeoeee YAeE i?eiaiaiu niaoeeaeueiua eiiiaoiaeu ni
caoeiiiaeiuathueie iaiieieoaeyie. Aeey iiaeaaeaiey aieiiauo yaeaiee a
?aaeeaeueiii iai?aaeaiee eniieuecothony i?ioeee?iaaiiua iaia?aiu.
Ineaaeaiea eaaeoaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia aeinoeaaaony eae ca n/ao
i?ioeee?iaaiey iaia?ai, oae e iooai nieaeaiey ieioiinoe yia?aee ia
aaeeieoeo iiaa?oiinoe eceo/aoaey.

Ieineay e?oaiaay eiino?oeoeey e auniei/anoioiue aeeaiacii iaania/eaatho
iai?aaeaiiinoue eceo/aiey aaeeie/iiai YAeE a oaeaniii oaea ia o?iaia
iieiaeiiie iiuiinoe 20 – 30 a?aaeonia. I?e eniieueciaaiee a?oiiiaiai
eceo/aoaey oi?ie?oaony ino?iiai?aaeaiiia eceo/aiea. Aiciiaeiinoe
a?oiie?iaaiey YAeE iaania/eaathony eaeaioe/iinoueth oa?aeoa?enoee
iaeeii/iuo eceo/aoaeae e neio?iiiinoueth eo n?aaaouaaiey.

Aeey naenie/aneeo enoi/ieeia, ioee/athueony aieueoie iiuiinoueth,
i?aaeii/oeoaeueiuie yaeythony YAeE n aunieie aeia?ioiinoueth,
aeiioneathuea ?aeoia?aoeeth /anoe yia?aee, caianaiiie a iaeiieoaeyo.
Aeey aeae?iaeonoe/aneeo enoi/ieeia n ei?ioeie aeeeoaeueiinoueth
ciiaee?othuaai eiioeuena ?aeiiaiaeothony YAeE n oiaiueoaiui ia?aceoiui
eceo/aieai, caaeaiioe?iaaiiuie nianoaaiiuie eieaaaieyie e caueoie io
eaaeoaoeeiiiiai ?ac?ooaiey. Aeey eiieoaoeeiiiuo enoi/ieeia
?aeiiaiaeothony YAeE n nenoaiaie naii?aneeieaaiey, iaania/eaathuea
iaaeaaeiue eiioaeo eceo/aoaeae i?e aeaoi?iaoeee a?oioa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneee eceo/aoaeue, ia?aiao?u
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, aaioeceea, aeae?iaeonoeea, eiio?ieue
naeniinoieeinoe caeaiee, aieiiaua yaeaiey

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *