Стратегічне управління підприємством: Автореф. дис… д-ра екон. наук / В.С. Пономаренко, Харк. держ. екон. ун-т. — Х., 1999. — 32 с. — укp.

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AEIIII?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

IIIIIA?AIEI AIEIAeEIE? NOAIAIIAE*

OAeE 658.1

NO?AOAA?*IA OI?AAE?IIss I?AeI?E?INOAII

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.02 — “I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia”

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Oeiioa?a Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/ Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co
? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Aa?nooeueeee sseia A?eai?iae/ ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI
Oe?a?ie, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ia/enethaaeueiiai oeaio?o

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?anei/oe Aaneeue Aiaoiae/
Ee?anueeee Iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, aee?aeoi? IAe?
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? sseiae?a Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith aeiiii?ee oa ia?eaoeiao

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aai?caoe?e, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, oeo? Ae 64.055.01 o
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:
310001, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 9-A.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310001, i. Oa?e?a,
i?. Eai?ia, 9-A.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aei?ii?ia I.N.15

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

A Oe?a?i? ia?ao?ae a?ae eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy aei ?icaeiooi? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ii/aany c ?aei?aeii?
ca na?oiaeie ianooaaaie ?ioeyoe??, no??ieiai iaae?iiy i?iieneiaiai oa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, eaoano?io?/iiai cieaeaiiy
?aaeueieo aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy, nooo?aeo aeaoi?iaoe?e aea?aeaaieo
o?iain?a ? aeoaea aaeeeiai aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo. Oaeee
ii/aoie coiiaea niaoeeo?eo ?aoi?i o e?a?i?. ?oiy ?aae?caoe?y caaacia/eea
o ia??iae c 1994 ii 1999 ??. aeeaie? ye?ni? o?ainoi?iaoe?? a aeiiii?oe?:
aoee noi?iiaai? iniiai? ao?eaooe iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee; eaea i?ioean
?icoe?aiiy ei?ii?aoeaiiai ? i?eaaoiiai naeoi??a; e?aa?ae?cothoueny
ainiiaea?nuee? ca’ycee; aeinyaiooa a?aeiinia noaa?euei?noue
iaoe?iiaeueii? aaethoe; caaacia/aia oiaa?ia iane/ai?noue ?eieo; noai?ai?
iniiae ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e.

Ii?yae c oeeie oni?oaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? ?aoi?ie ne?ae
aeciaoe, ui ia aeinyaiooa aieiaia iaoa — c?inoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, a aac
oeueiai iaiiaeeea? nooo?a? c?ooaiiy o nioe?aeuei?e noa??, o i?aeaeuaii?
aeeoo?aiai ??aiy cia/ii? /anoeie ianaeaiiy. I?iieneiaa iie?oeea ia
caaacia/eea e?ea?aeaoe?th iaaeie?e?a o ?aoi?ioaaii? ia?aeiieo noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy — i?aei?e?inoa. Aieiaieie ia?aoeiaeaie aeey ca?eueoaiiy
ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa ? iiaeaoeiaee oene, a?ae ia?aiaeo eioo?a, iecueeee
iiieo oa aenie? i?ioeaioi? noaaee. Ii?yae c oeei cia/ia /anoeia
i?aei?e?inoa ia ciiaea aaeaiooaaoeny aei ?eieiaeo oiia c i?e/eie aeoaea
iecueei? yeino? iaiaaeaeiaioo. I?e/iio, yeui o noa?? iia?aoeaiiai oa
iioi/iiai oi?aae?iiy ? aaeeeee aeina?ae ye ia a?o/eciyiiio ??ai?, oae ?
ca ei?aeiiii, oi noiniaii no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy oeueiai neacaoe ia
iiaeia.

Oai??y no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, ui ?ic?iaeaia cao?aeieie a/aieie, —
Aeiooii ?., Ainiooii ?., Ae?oea?ii I.O., Ea?eioii A., E?iaii O.,
Ee?eaiaeii Ae., No??eeaiaeii A.Aeae., Oiiiniiii A.A. oa ?i., aeaeaei ia
a iiai?e i??? a?aeiia?aea? ?aae?yi iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?i a oe?eiio e
Oe?a?ie cie?aia. Oea c?icoi?ei, ine?eueee aiie aoaeoaaee naith oai??th
aeey noaa?eueieo aeiiii?e i?iieneiai ?icaeiooeo e?a?i, aeey yeeo
oa?aeoa?i?: a?aeiinia ia?aaeaa/oaai?noue ci?i ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy ?
aeanieo ?ano?n?a, aeia?a a?aei?aoeueiaaia caeiiiaeaa/a iiea, aeniea
?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/ai?noue oao?aoe?a, no?oeoo?iaai?noue noni?euenoaa,
aaeaioiaai?noue ianaeaiiy aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, eiai cae/ea aeeiioaaoe
i?aaeea a?e. Oe? oa?aeoa?i? ?ene ia aeanoea? e?a?iai c ia?ao?aeiith
aeiiii?eith, oiio aeei?enoaiiy o ieo a iiaiiio ianyc? aeacaii? oai???
iaiiaeeeaa.

O oeueiio iai?yieo aaaaoi aoei c?iaeaii oaeeie oe?a?inueeeie oa
?in?enueeeie a/aieie, ye Aaae/ A.I., Aa?nooeueeee ss.A., Aa?oeue A.I.,
Aa?anei/oe A.A., A?aaeia A.I., A?eiueiaa A.I., Caa?iaenueeee A.A.,
?aaiia A.I., Eiaaeue/oe E.O., Eocei A.?., Eoe?iia ?.?., Iao?ia I.A.,
Iooea? I.?., Noiyiiaa I.N., sseiae?a A.?.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/aniee aoai o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, a
yeiio niinoa??aathoueny aeaiaioe aeoiaeo ?c caaaeueiinenoaiii? e?ece,
iio?aao? aeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
ia i?aei?e?inoaao. O iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii ? i?iaeaie, ye? ia o?eueee ia aeine?aeaeai?, a e aein? ia
iinoaaeai?. Oae, iai?eeeaae, a?aenooi? eiioeaioe?? no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, aaeaeaaoi? oiiaai aeiiii?ee, ui
o?ainoi?io?oueny. A iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaaeinoaoiuei ae?acii
aecia/aia nenoaia eaoaai??e no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy. A?aenooi? ?iaioe,
a yeeo ?icaeyaea?oueny no?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy c iiceoe?e
aca?iiiaoiiaeaiiai aieeao i?aei?e?inoaa ? eiai ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy, a
yeeo aecia/aia oaoiieia?y no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy. Ia ?ic?iaeai?
nenoaia eiino?oeoeaieo i?eioeei?a, ui aeicaieythoue neioacoaaoe iaoiaee,
iiaeae? oa ?ino?oiaioe i?eeiyooy no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue; a oaeiae
oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? canaaee no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao. ?ioi?iaoe?y
ia ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ??aiii?aaiee ?ano?n no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy.

Ae??oaiiy aeacaieo aeua i?iaeai aeicaieeoue ia?aaanoe noeo?eiee ?icaeoie
ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa o iaoeiai ea?iaaiee, yeee noaa?e?co? neooaoe?th a
aeiiii?oe?.

Oaeei /eiii, ia’?eoeaii iaiao?aeiei ? iaaaeueiei noa? ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie
?ic?iaee oai?aoe/ieo canaae no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a
oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny a?oo?eaoe?eiei
oa?aeoa?ii ?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy o an?o nai?o eiiiiiaioao. Oeei
iaoiiaeth?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?? oa ?? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy
aeey aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. A iniiao
aeena?oaoe?? iieeaaeaii oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aeoe/i? ?ic?iaee a
iaeano? oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie nenoaiaie ??ciiiai?oieo ??ai?a, ui
i?iaiaeeeeny a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii ? ca iniaenoith o/anoth aaoi?a o ?aieao:

Aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie 07.02 — “Aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie
?icaoaeiae aea?aeaaiino? Oe?a?ie” — i?iaeoe: “?ic?iaea nenoaie
oaoi?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo oa aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a caaacia/aiiy
noaa?eueiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei”, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0194U005424 (?E —
0296E003839); “Iiiaeaoeoaaiiy ye iaoiae aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aeiiii?ee”, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U015290 (?E — 0296E003838);
“?ic?iaea iaoai?ci?a iineeaiiy ?aaoethth/i? ooieoe?? nenoaie
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy”, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197U014732;

Aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie 06.02 — “Iia? oaoiieia?/i? caniae
i?aeo?eiee oa i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, ?ino?oiaioaeueii-oaoiieia?/i? i?ia?aii?
eiiieaene” — i?iaeo “?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ia nenoaia iii?oi?eiao
ae?eiaiai ia?oia?noaa”, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197U01436;

i?aeaaeocaai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie 11.01 — “Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy
o noa?? i?eaaoecaoe??” — i?iaeoe: “Iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eiee noi?ia?ae oa
eii?aeeiaoe?y ?ia?o ii aeeiiaiith i?aeaaeocaai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
i?ia?aie “Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy o noa?? i?eaaoecaoe??” (?ioaa?aeueiee
i?iaeo), iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0195U023579 (?E — 0297E000272);
“Iaa?oiooaaiiy iniiaieo iai?yie?a oa ia?niaeoea i?eaaoecaoe?? i?e
eiiaa?n?? i?aei?e?inoa”, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197U014737 (?E —
0298E000041);

aaeocaai? i?ia?aie I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie — i?iaeoe: “Neioac
eiiieaen?a iiaeaeae i?aeo?eiee oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue o
ae?iaie/i-aeiiii?/ieo nenoaiao”, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U015290 (?E
— 0298E000013); “No?aoaa?y ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa a ?eieiaiio
na?aaeiaeu?”, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0198U007645.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo
canaae no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee, aeei?enoaiiy yeeo aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ye ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa, oae ? aeiiii?ee e?a?ie a
oe?eiio.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa coiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaea/:

iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee oai?aoe/ieo canaae no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ye iniiae
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy;

noi?ioethaaoe eiioeaioe?th ? aecia/eoe eaoaai??aeueiee aacen
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeieia?th no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee;

iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei iae?iaeiiii?/ii?
noaa?e?caoe??, yeee noai?eoue oiiae a aeiiii?/iiio na?aaeiaeu? aeey
aoaeoeaiiai no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii;

?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?th no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii ia aac?
iaoiae?a ? cania?a no/aniiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e oa aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiae oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo ieai?a, yeee aeicaiey?
ocaiaeeoe a?aeoai?thaaeuei? i?ioeane eiaeiiai aeaeo ?ano?n?a
i?aei?e?inoaa, eiai aeiiii?/i? ?ioa?ane c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao aeaiaio?a a?ioiai-e?aaeeoii?
? o?iainiai? athaeaeaoii? iie?oee aea?aeaae (ca aeiiiiiaith i?eueaiaiai
e?aaeeooaaiiy ? cieaeaiiy noaaie iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiy) ia ci?io aioo??oi?o
oaii?a ?inoo i?aei?e?inoaa, ui ni?eythoue i?enei?aiith i?ioean?a
eai?oaeiooai?aiiy;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei anoaiiaeaiiy nenoaie iioea?a o
o?oaeiaeo eieaeoeaao ia aac? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?oiueiai aca?iiiai aieeao c
iaoith aeei?enoaiiy o no?aoaa?/iiio oi?aae?ii? yae?a i?aeneethth/eo
iaeei iaeiiai iioea?a oa aeieoaaiiy ?ioeo, ui ineaaeththoue ni?eueio
ae?th;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee ioe?iee oe?e?niino? oa ?iiiaaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo
nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo
i?iieneiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia iniia? iiaeaethaaiiy iaae?eiino? ?? aeaiaio?a
oa i?aoa?aioe?e iieoioe?a;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei ?aae?caoe?? no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao
ia aac? aeei?enoaiiy oaoiieia?? eiia?oe?eii? ?ica?aeee, eiii’thoa?ieo
aaaio?a oa aeeiai?/iiai ?ioa?aeoeaiiai aaaaoiaei??iiai aiae?co aeaieo;

?ic?iaeoe nenoaio ?ino?oiaio?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aeey ?ic?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii c aeei?enoaiiyi iia?oi?o
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e;

noi?ioethaaoe nenoaio oi?aae?inueeeo caaea/, ae??oaiiy yeeo aeicaiey?
caaacia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a
oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo iniaenoi aaoi?ii:

1. Noi?ioeueiaaii ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii eiioeaioe?th no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, ui ia’?aeio?
iiaeeeaino? iaoiae?a ? cania?a no/aniiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, iiaeo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e oa aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeey
iiaoaeiae oai?aoe/iiai aaceno i?eeiyooy no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue. (Aia?oa
?ic?iaeaia aaoi?ii ? ? aianeii o iaoeo).

2. Noi?iiaaii eaoaai??aeueiee aacen oai??? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy a
oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, ui caniiaaiee ia aaaaeaii? iiaeo ?
ooi/iaii? a?aeiieo eaoaai??e, aeyaeaii? iiaeo no?oeoo?ieo ca’yce?a i?ae
ieie, ui caaacia/othoue eiai oe?e?ni?noue ? neia?a?ci aeanoeainoae
aeacaiiai aaceno. (Iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy oai??? no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii).

3. ?ic?iaeaii ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii neooaoe?eii-?ano?niee
iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, ui
? iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a ? iaoiaeee i?eeiyooy no?aoaa?/ieo
??oaiue. (Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaiee ? ? aianeii o iaoeo e i?aeoeeo).

4. Noi?ioeueiaaii i?eioeeie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, ui
aeicaieythoue aoaeoaaoe nenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, ye?
ci???ioiaai? ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy a oiiaao aeiiii?ee, ui o?ainoi?io?oueny,
? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye oai?aoe/iee aacen i?e ?ic?iaoe?
?ino?oiaio?a, iaoiae?a ? eiie?aoieo iaoiaeee i?eeiyooy
??oaiue. (Iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy oai??? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy).

5. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy no?oeoo?ii-ae?iaie/iai
i?aeoiaeo ia iae?i??ai? aeey oi?ioaaiiy aaciaeo aeaiaio?a no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii — cii no?aoaa?/ieo ?ioa?an?a (CN?), ui
aeicaiey? ia’?aeiaoe i?ioeane iae?iaeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe?? c ?icaeoeii
ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa. ?ic?iaeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oeueiai i?aeoiaeo
aeey oiia ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee. (Aianie o iaoeo ? i?aeoeeo).

6. Cai?iiiiiaaii oaoiieia?th no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a
oiiaao aeiiii?ee, ui o?ainoi?io?oueny, yea ?aae?co?
neooaoe?eii-?ano?niee i?aeo?ae, aaco?oueny ia noi?ioeueiaaieo i?eioeeiao
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy. (Aianie o iaoeo oa i?aeoeeo).

7. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?/ieo ieai?a aca?iiae??
i?aei?e?inoaa ye nenoaie ?c ciai?oi?i na?aaeiaeuai, ?icaeoeo eiai
aeanieo ?ano?n?a, ui ia? o nai?e iniia? neooaoe?eii-?ano?niee i?aeo?ae c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo aeeiai?/iiai aiae?co ???a?o?e oa ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, ui aeicaiey? ?oa?aoe?eii, i?e i?yiiio e cai?ioiiio
i?ioean? ieaioaaiiy, oi?ioaaoe iaa?oioiaai? ??oaiiy. (Aianie o iaoeo e
i?aeoeeo).

8. I?iaaaeaii aeaeiiiiceoe?th caaaeueii? i?iaeaie no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ia iiiaeeio
caaea/, ui ae??oothoueny a ??ciiiai?oieo no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?eao
nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa. (Aianie o iaoeo ? i?aeoeeo).

9. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?ino?oiaio?a aea?aeaaiiai
iiaeaoeiai-athaeaeaoiiai ? e?aaeeoiiai aieea?a ia oaiie ?inoo aeaniiai
eai?oaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa oa iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaii
no?aoaa?? ciai?oiuei? o?iainiai? i?aeo?eiee, ye? aeicaieythoue ae?iaeoe
iaa?oioiaaiee ieai ye aca?iiae?? oao?aoe?a no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao (ONA) c
eiiiiiaioaie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, oae ? aeei?enoaiiy aeanieo
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa. (Aianie o iaoeo e i?aeoeeo).

10. Noi?ioeueiaaii aeiiae aei ONA ? iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae uiaei ?oiueiai
ni?eueiiai aeei?enoaiiy c? no?aoaa?/ieie a?oiaie aieeao (NAA) ?
a??ooaeueieie i?aai?caoe?yie ye ?ino?oiaioaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii, ui aeicaieythoue aa?iii?coaaoe aeiiii?/i? ?ioa?ane
i?aei?e?inoaa ye nenoaie ? ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. (Aianie o iaoeo oa
i?aeoeeo).

11. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
i?aenenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie ?ioaa?aeueii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie i?aei?e?inoaa c aeei?enoaiiyi noi?ioeueiaaiiai
aaoi?ii e?eoa??th caaeainiaaii? yeino? an?o oaoiieia?/ieo aoai?a ?
i?aenenoai. (Aianie a oai??th ? i?aeoeeo).

12. Cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?o, ooieoe?? oa caniae aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeeiiai
iiaiai iina?aaeieea i?ae aeaea?aeii ?ioi?iaoe?? ? noiaeuai no?aoaa?/ieo
aeaieo — eiii’thoa?iiai aaaioa, yeee naiino?eii ae?? o na?aaeiaeu?
aeiaaeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo ia?aae. (Aianie a iaoeo e i?aeoeeo).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?y, iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee, iaoiaeeee, iaoiaee oa
?ino?oiaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia i?aei?e?inoaao aeey i?eeiyooy
no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue oa i?e iiaoaeia? nenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
ye iaei??? c i?aenenoai aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie. E??i
oeueiai, iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ? aacenii aeey iiaeaeueoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaee iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai oa ?ioiai iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano ca niaoe?aeueiinoyie oaeeo iai?yi?a
i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a: aeiiii?ea ? i?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio,
eiii’thoa?i? iaoee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaeue, yea ? aaciaei aeaiaioii iaoiaeeee ioe?iee
o?eaaeino? aa?aio?eiiai ? iinoaa?aio?eiiai oa?i?io ianeoaiaoaaiiy
ae?ia?a ca aeiiii?/ieie e?eoa??yie c o?aooaaiiyi ?oiuei? oaoi?/ii?
iaae?eiino?. Iaoiaeeea aeei?enoiao?oueny ia oaoiieia?/iiio aoai?
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy — aiae?c noaio aeanieo ?ano?n?a;

iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy /eiiee?a i?aoa?aioe?e niiaeeaa/?a i?iaeoeoe??, ui
aaco?oueny ia ?oiueiio aieaoiiio iieooaaii?, yea aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe
iai/aaeaei? ia?aaaae /a?ac iai?yi? caieoaiiy. Iaoiaeeea
aeei?enoiao?oueny ia oaoiieia?/iiio aoai? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy —
aiae?c noaio aeanieo ?ano?n?a;

iaoiaeeea no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa,
ui aeei?enoiao? iaoiae “iaoa – iio?aaa – aaca
niinoa?aaeaiiy – aeaea?aei” (IIAAe). Iaoiaeeea i?ecia/aia aeey
aeei?enoaiiy oao?aoeyie no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao oa eiii’thoa?ieie aaaioaie;

iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae oa iaoiaeeee aeae?eaiiy iioeaaoe?eiiai yae?a
ia?niiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa, ioe?iee oe?e?niino? oa ?iiiaaoe?eiiai
iioaioe?aeo nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo, ye? aacothoueny ia oaeoi?iiio aiae?c?
aenia?oieo ioe?iie. Aeei?enoiaothoueny ia oaoiieia?/iiio aoai? — aiae?c
noaio aeanieo ?ano?n?a oa no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ci?ie aeanieo ?ano?n?a.

?aae?caoe?y oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaee/ieo ? iaoeiai-i?eeeaaeieo ?ic?iaie
aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoii ?oiueiai
aeei?enoaiiy: o i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe a AO “Caaiae “Aeaeo?ia?eoaa” (aeo i?i
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 17.04.97 ?.); o AAO “Aeaeo?iiaoeia” (aeo i?i
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 12.05.97 ?.); AO “OIAI “Eiioia?” (aeo i?i
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie aeena?oaoe?? a?ae 05.06.97 ?.);
AeI “Oa?e?anueeee caaiae oaiiainueeeo aei” (ni?aaea i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie aeena?oaoe?? a?ae 10.06.98 ?.);
AeI “OIAI “Aeaeo?iaaaeiao” (ni?aaea i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie
aeena?oaoe?? a?ae 12.07.98 ?.); AeI “OEAAe “Caaiae ?i.Iaeeoaaa” (aeo i?i
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie aeena?oaoe?? a?ae 01.07.99 ?.) oa
i?aei?e?inoaao iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, ai?iii-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno oa
eiiaa?n?? Oe?a?ie (aeoe i?eeiaiiy i?iaeo?a ca Aea?aeaaiith
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith 07.02 — “Aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae
aea?aeaaiino? Oe?a?ie” a?ae 21.01.97 ?. ? 30.06.98 ?.).

Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean o
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? o aeaeyae?
iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a, eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o ? iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e (aeo i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean a?ae 02.07.99 ?.).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a ?iaioao, ui aeeiiai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iooea? I.?., Ea Aai Oii. Iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii
ei?ii?aoe??: Iaoeiaa aeaeaiiy. — Oa?e?a: OAeAO, 1997. —
14,5 oi.ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeai? oe?ii?niee aniaeo
iioeaaoe?? ia?niiaeo oa oaoiieia?y ae?yeueiino? a i?ioeanao ?icaeoeo
(n. 8-18); iaa?oioiaai? i?aeoiaee aei iiaeaethaaiiy ia?niiaeo ye
no?aoaa?/iiai ?ano?no (n. 19-33); noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/? no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie ia iniia? iiaeaeae i?aeaioiaee ia?niiaeo
(n. 101-138) oa cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo niaoe?ae?no?a
(n. 172-178). Caaaeueiee aaoi?nueeee ianya — 2,68 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iooea?ue A.E. Iaoiaeu e iiaeaee oeiainiaiai
iaania/aiey ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoee: Iao/iia ecaeaiea. — Oa?ueeia: OAYO,
1997. — 10,0 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii n?oeiao
no?oeoo?io iiaeaeue i?iaeaiii? iaeano? ?iaanoeoe?eii-e?aaeeoiiai
iaoai?cio (n. 9-12); noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/? o?iainiai? i?aeo?eiee
?icaeoeo uiaei no?aoaa?/iiai ??aiy oi?aae?iiy (n. 18-24); ?ic?iaeaii
iiaeae? ioe?iee aeo?ao oa aea?aeiino? i?iaeo?a (n. 58-61); i?iaaaeaii
aiae?c ?ecee?a (n. 80-85); cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii
aeoe?iioaaiiy ia iniia? ?aoeaeneaieo iiaeaeae (n. 114-120) oa canaaee
iii?oi?eiao ia’?eo?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy (n. 120-135). Caaaeueiee
aaoi?nueeee ianya — 2,0 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iooea?ue A.E., Eaauaiei A.I. N?aaenoaa
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey
yeiiiie/aneeo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo nenoai: O/aaiia iiniaea. — Oa?ueeia: OAYO,
1997. — 4,5 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaai? caaaeuei?
iieiaeaiiy ocaiaeaeaiino? a ?ioaa?iaaieo nenoaiao, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny
a oaoiieia?/iiio na?aaeiaeu? i?iaeooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy (n. 17-19; 23-24). Caaaeueiee aaoi?nueeee ianya
— 0,24 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iooea? I.?., Eiaaeaiei TH.?. I?iaeooaaiiy
aaoiiaoeciaaieo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee.
— E.: ?CII, 1996. — 18,13 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaai?
e iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee noai oi?ioaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia?ac?a i?aei?e?inoa oa ?oi?o ia’?aeiaiue
(n. 4-12; 34-49; 89-92; 176-192). Caaaeueiee aaoi?nueeee ianya —
2,45 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

Ie?eiee N.O., Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iaaeaaae?aa ?.A. No?aoaa?y ? oaeoeea
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaao ?eieo: Iaa/aeueiee
iin?aiee. — E.: ?CII, 1996. — 4,65 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii
cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?? eiiieaenii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa
iiaeo ae?ia?a o ?aieao ?aae?caoe?? aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? ye i?eioeeio
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy (n. 51-60). Caaaeueiee aaoi?nueeee ianya — 0,49
oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Aooiaa ?.E., Ieiooei N.A., Ieeia A.A. Oaoiieiaey
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie ia?aaioee yeiiiie/aneie eioi?iaoeee: O/aaiia
iiniaea. — E.: ?NAeI, 1993. — 12,78 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii
iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ia?iaee aeiiii?/ii?
?ioi?iaoe?? ye iniiae i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue (n. 24-45).
Caaaeueiee aaoi?nueeee ianya — 1,37 oi.ae?oe.a?e.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iaca?iaa A.A., Iooea?ue A.E., Aooiaa ?.E.,
ssno?aineay A.I. Eioi?iaoeeiiiua nenoaiu a iaiaaeaeiaioa: O/aaiia
iiniaea. — Oa?ueeia: OAYO, 1998. — 10,0 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii
iaa?oioiaaiee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy (n. 47-53; 63-74). Caaaeueiee aaoi?nueeee ianya —
0,98 oi.ae?oe.a?e.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iaaeaiei E.A., Iaeneiaiei ?.I. I?iaeooaaiiy aac
aeaieo: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee. — E.: ?CII, 1997. — 10,23 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.
Iniaenoi aaoi?ii noi?ioeueiaaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aoai?a
i?iaeooaaiiy aac aeaieo, ui ? iniiaith ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?/ieo aac aeaieo
ye iaa?ae’?iii? /anoeie ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii (n. 14-49). Caaaeueiee aaoi?nueeee ianya —
1,54 oi.ae?oe.a?e.

?ai?oei I.I., Cin?iia A.I., Iiiiia?aiei A.N. Iaoiaee aaaaoiaei??iiai
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee. — E.: ?CII, 1998. —
12,21 oi.ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii noi?ioeueiaaia iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy
aa?aaiaaieo iieaciee?a, ye? iiaeia aei??yoe, aeey aeei?enoaiiy o
aeae?eaii? iioeaaoe?eiiai yae?a ia?niiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa oa ioe?iee
?iiiaaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo (n. 37-70). Caaaeueiee
aaoi?nueeee ianya — 1,56 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

A. Iiiiia?aiei, I. Aei?iieia, A. Iineia, A. Aei?iiei. I?aaiecaoeey
aeciana a noa?a i?iaeaae: O/aaiia iiniaea. — Oa?ueeia: Aecian Eioi?i,
1999. — 15,21 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia oai?aoe/ia ?
iaoiaee/ia i?aeo?eiee ?aea? ??aiicia/ii? yeino? aeeiiaiiy on?o aoai?a
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oiaa?o, aeeth/ath/e eiai i?iaeaae
(n. 15-23; 78-98; 145-161; 179-184). Caaaeueiee aaoi?nueeee ianya —
2,9 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

A. Iiiiia?aiei, N. Ieiooei, N. I?aoia. Iaoiaeieiaey ioeaiee ninoiyiey
i?eaaoece?oaiuo i?aaei?eyoee. //Aecian Eioi?i. — 1997. — ?21(217). —
0,24 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae?
ae??oaiiy caaea/? e?i?eiiai i?ia?aioaaiiy, yea noaiiaeoue ioe?ieo noaio
i?aei?e?inoaa, aeey ??oaiiy caaea/ no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy (n. 43-45).
Caaaeueiee aaoi?nueeee ianya — 0,08 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Ieiooei N.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea i?iaiiciuo ninoiyiee
i?aaei?eyoey ia iniiaa iae?iiiuo naoae. //A?niee OAeAO. — 1998. —
?4(8). — 0,24 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy
iae?iiieo ia?aae aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy noaio i?aei?e?inoaa ye iaeiiai c
aoai?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii (n. 87-90). Caaaeueiee
aaoi?nueeee ianya — 0,12 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeeth/ai? aei aeena?oaoe??, aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
i?aeia?iaeieo, ?anioae?eainueeeo, i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo
eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao (1995-1999 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
iioae?eiaai? o 46 iaoeiaeo ?iaioao, o oiio /ene? a 17 iiiia?ao?yo ?
iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao, 10 noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao ? ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, ui aeciai? AAEii Oe?a?ie oaoiaeie c aeiiii?ee, i’yoe
iaoa??aeao ? oacao eiioa?aioe?e, caaaeueiei ianyaii
180,73 oi.ae?oe.a?e., c ieo iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue
83,1 oi.ae?oe.a?e.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 401 noi??ioe?
iniiaiiai oaenoo. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, oanoe ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa /ioe?ueio aeiaeaoe?a.
Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? i?i?ethno?iaaii 27 oaaeeoeyie oa 44 ?enoieaie.
Ianya aeiaeaoe?a neeaaea? 55 noi??iie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
iae?/o? 230 iaeiaioaaiue.

Iniiaiee ci?no

O anooi? iiaeaii aeioe?euei?noue ?ic?iaee iaoeiai? i?iaeaie,
iaa?oioiaaii ?? aeooaeuei?noue, a?aeia?aaeaii iniiaio iaoo ? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii iieiaeaiiy iaoeiai? iiaecie, i?aaenoaaeaii
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “I?iaeaia iiaoaeiae nenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii” — ?icaeyiooi oeeee?/i?noue na?oiaiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo; iniaeeaino? e?eciaeo yaeu a Oe?a?i? a oe?eiio ?
ia i?aei?e?inoaao ye eeth/iaeo aeaiaioao aeiiii?ee cie?aia; iaaeie?ee
iaoiaeieia?? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe?? ? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
na?oiaiai aeina?aeo o oeueiio ieoaii?; aca?iicaeaaei?noue ?
aca?iicoiiaeai?noue iaoiaeieia?? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe?? oa
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii; iiaeeea?noue ? iaae?
aeei?enoaiiy oai??e no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, ui ?ic?iaeai? a/aieie aeey
i?iieneiai ?icaeiooeo e?a?i a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie;
iaaeie?ee ?nioth/eo nenoai no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii;
aeiiae aei oai??? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, ui iaoiiaeai?
iniaeeainoyie ?icaeoeo ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

A aeena?oaoe?? iieacaii, ui eieeaaiiy a aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo ??cieo
e?a?i ? ia’?eoeaiith ?aaeuei?noth. Aeaye? c ieo iathoue oeeee?/iee
oa?aeoa?, oiaoi oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iino?eiei ia??iaeii, a aeey ?ioeo
oaeee ia??iae ia onoaiiaeaiee. Oieeiooe ?o aeioaia? ia aaeaeiny aeiaei?e
e?a?i? o na?o?. I?ioa aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue iiaea aooe ??ciiiai?oia ?
iiaea a?ae??ciyoeny a aeanyoee ?ac?a. Oea caeaaeeoue ye a?ae i?e/ei, ui
aeeeeeaee e?ecia? yaeua, oae ? a?ae oeo caoiae?a, ye? canoiniaothoueny
aeey ?oiueiai onoiaiiy.

I?e/eie e?eciaeo yaeu a aeiiii?oe? iathoue ??cio i?e?iaeo: iiiaeaiiy
iniiaiiai eai?oaeo; ii?ooaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa ? i?aaeiao?a niiaeeaaiiy; ?ic?eae a aeeiai?oe?
?iaanoeoe?e ? caiuaaeaeaiue; iaaei??i?noue (iaaeinoaoi?noue) a?ioiaeo
iioie?a; ?ic?eae ae?eiaeo ca’yce?a c ia?oia?aie ye ia aea?aeaaiiio
??ai?, oae ? ia ??ai? noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy; ci?ia niiniao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Oe? i?e/eie ae?thoue ye iiiaeeioe?, oae ? ?acii.
Iaea?eueo oyaee? iane?aeee, ye iieaco? i?eeeaae Oe?a?ie, iathoue i?noea
i?e ?oi?e noi?ni?e ae??. Iai?eeeaae, iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa a e?a?i?
iaaaaaoi ia?aaeueei ?aei?aei? aeey eai?oae?cio iieacieee e?ece
1929-1933 ??. I?e/iio e?eca a Oe?a?i? ca nai?ie i?e/eiaie oa
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie (ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ca ianyaii oa o /an? ??ai?a
ae?iaieoeoaa e ?ioeyoe??) ??cei a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae eeane/ieo, oeo, ui
iaee i?noea a e?a?iao Caoiaeo. Oiio aiia ia o?eueee ia naioaaea, a
iia??oeea no?oeoo?o iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee. Ca aeaieie i?aeaaeocaaeo
aaeain?a, a?aeaoeany oaoiieia?/ia aeaa?aaeaoe?y noni?eueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aaaeeeaee aeniiaie:
o?aaeeoe?ei? o?neaeueii-iiiaoa?i? caoiaee ?aoi?ioaaiiy ae/a?iaee naaa ?
aaea ia ni?aoeueiaothoue — iaiao?aeia ?ic?iaea iiaiai iaoiaeieia?/iiai
i?aeoiaeo aei iae?inoaa?e?caoe??, yeee ae a?aoiaoaaa iniaeeaino?
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo. Aaaeeeai, uia no?oeoo?ia
iie?oeea ia?aaoaeiae iaea nenoaiiee oa?aeoa?, i???iooaaeany ia
?aae?caoe?th iaoe?iiaeueieo ia?aaaa Oe?a?ie.

O ?iaio? aoee ?icaeyioo? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a, ui
canoiniaoaaeeny ??cieie e?a?iaie c ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith. Aiae?c
iiaeeeainoae ?oiueiai canoinoaaiiy a Oe?a?i? iieaco?, ui aac nooo?aiai
ooi/iaiiy aeiaeai c ieo ia iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee. Oea iiynith?oueny
iniaeeainoyie e?ece a aea?aeaa?. Iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoiei no/aniiio noaio
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ? no?oeoo?ii-ae?iaie/?e i?aeo?ae.
A?i aeicaiey? oaeaeei i?iaanoe no?oeoo?io ia?aaoaeiao aeiiii?ee, ui
ca?ac ? ia?oi?yaeiith caaea/ath. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oeueiai i?aeoiaeo
cai?iiiiiaaia noaia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aca?iia?aeiinei aea?aeaae c
i?aei?e?inoaaie ca e?eoa??yie: ??aaiue iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo,
o?eaae?noue a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai oeeeeo, aenii?oini?iiiaei?noue
i?iaeoeoe?? aai iiaeeea?noue ?? cai?ie ?iii?oiaaiith, ??aaiue o?iainiai?
a?aeaea/?. Aeey aecia/aieo i??i?eoaoieo a?oi i?aei?e?inoa cai?iiiiiaaii
a?aeiia?aei? aea?aeaai? ?ino?oiaioe aeoea?caoe?? ?oiuei? ae?yeueiino?.
Oea aeicaieeoue ocaiaeeoe i?ioeane no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii ?c no?aoaa?/ieie oe?eyie o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee
aea?aeaae.

O ?iaio? iieacaii, ui oa?aeoa?enoeee iae?inoaa?e?caoe?eiiai i?aeoiaeo,
yeee canoiniao?oueny a e?a?i?, o cia/i?e i??? coiiaeth? iaoiaeieia?th,
iaoiaee oa ?ino?oiaioe no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ie?aiei i?aei?e?inoaii.
C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai aoa i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
noiniaii oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo aniaeo?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii, yeee ?acii c aeina?aeii ?iaioe aaoi?a uiaei ?ic?iaee
oai?aoe/ieo iniia, iaoiae?a oa iaoiaeee o oe?e noa?? aeicaieeee
iaa?oiooaaoe oaco i?i oa, ui ?nioth/? oai??? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii ia a?aeiia?aeathoue o iiai?e i??? oiio ia’?eoeaiiio noaio
aeiiii?ee iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?i, yea iineoue iacao “ia?ao?aeia
aeiiii?ea”, ine?eueee aiie ?aii?othoue aeno?aiaeueio ianoaa?euei?noue
ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa, niaoeeo?/i?noue aca?iiae?? eiai
aeanieo ?ano?n?a i?ae niaith oa c ioi/aiiyi. I?e/iio oea noino?oueny ia
o?eueee oaeeo aeecueeeo aei i?aei?e?inoaa eiiiiiaio?a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ye niiaeeaa/?, iinoa/aeueieee, eiieo?aioe, a e a?eueo
a?aeaeaeaieo eiai neeaaeiaeo /anoei — i?aai?a caeiiiaeaa/i? oa
aeeiiaa/i? aeaae. Ia a?aoiao?oueny a?oo?eaoe?eiee oa?aeoa? ?oiueiai
?icaeoeo, iaaaeueia iaiao?aei?noue ? ?aaeueia iiaeeea?noue aieeao
nenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaa ia ieo, iio?aaa
oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei iiooeo, cai?o, ia?aaea/?, caa?aaeaiiy oa
aiae?oe/ii? ia?iaee no?aoaa?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy
?iiiaaoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o iiaaae?iee i?aoe?aiee?a.

Oaeei /eiii, aeioaia? iaia? eiioeaioe?? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii, yea a iiaea noaoe iniiaith aeey iiaoaeiae a?aeiia?aeieo
nenoai. Oiio ?nio? ia’?eoeaia iaiao?aei?noue o oi?ioethaaii? e
iaa?oiooaaii? eiioeaioe?? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii c
o?aooaaiiyi iaaeie?e?a ?nioth/eo oai??e oa aeei?enoaiiyi inoaii?o
aeinyaiaiue no/aniiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a oa
iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

A?aenooi?noue caaaeueiiaeciaii? oa?i?iieia?? noiniaii no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy noaaeoue ia?aae iaoeiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi caaea/o ?ic?iaee
eiai eaoaai??aeueiiai aaceno, yeee ae ia’?aeiaa on? iiiyooy a ?aeeio
ianoia?a/eeao nenoaio. A?i iiaeiai iaia’yceiai aeeth/aoe nenoaio
eiino?oeoeaieo i?eioeei?a, ye? iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?
aeai?? iaoiae?a, iiaeaeae oa ?ino?oiaio?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy.

Aaoi?ii iieacaii, ui iaeiei c nooo?aeo iaaeie?e?a ?nioth/i? iaoiaeieia??
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, yeee iio?aao? onoiaiiy, ? iiaia
a?aenooi?noue noaei? oaoiieia?? i?eeiyooy no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue.

O aeena?oaoe?? iieacai? iaaeie?ee ?nioth/eo oai??e no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy, iaa?oioiaai? aeiiae, ye? o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe?
oai?aoe/ieo canaae no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii,
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui a?aenooi?noue aaeaeaaoii? oai??? aaeueio?
?icaeoie i?eeeaaeieo ?ic?iaie, caiaeeoue iai?aaoeue coneeey i?aei?e?inoa
ii aeoiaeo c e?ece.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Iaoiaeieia?y no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii” — ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii; iaa?oioiaaii nenoaio i?eioeei?a no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy; noi?ioeueiaaii eaoaai??aeueiee aacen; ?ic?iaeaii e
iaa?oioiaaii neooaoe?eii-?ano?niee iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii; neioaciaaii oaoiieia?th
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii; cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeieia?th ?
iaoiae i?iaaaeaiiy no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao; noi?ioeueiaaii
eiioeaiooaeueiee e?eoa??e oi?aae?iiy; noi?ioeueiaaii aeiiae aei
nenoaiiiai no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy an?ia ?ano?naie i?aei?e?inoaa ?
eiiiiiaioaie ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee, iiaeae? oa
?ino?oiaioe no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy.

Aeoiaey/e c iaaeie?e?a ?nioth/eo oai??e no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, ui
aoee anoaiiaeai? o ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe??, oa noi?ioeueiaaieo
aeiia aei aaeaeaaoii? ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? oai???, aoea ?ic?iaeaia
eiioeaioe?y, yea aeeth/a? oae? iieiaeaiiy.

1. Oeeee?/i?noue na?oiaiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?acii c iniaeeainoyie
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee e?a?ie iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe a no?aoaa?/iiio
oi?aae?ii? i?aei?e?inoaii.

2. I?e no?aoaa?/iiio oi?aae?ii? i?aei?e?inoaii ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe
i?eioeeiiai iia? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee, a iniiao yeeo iieeaaeaii
i?eioeeie ?aoeaen??, iaiaaeaii? ?aoe?iiaeueiino? e naiii?aai?caoe??.

3. Caii?oea oni?oo i?aei?e?inoaa ia no/aniiio aoai? — oea aeoeaia
oi?ioaaiiy iaeaooiueiai noaio ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? aeanieo
?ano?n?a ca?aeii c nai?ie aeiiii?/ieie ?ioa?anaie.

4. O i?ioean? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii ne?ae a?aoe aei
oaaae oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aeoiaeo aei iae?inoaa?e?caoe??, yeee
aeei?enoiao?oueny a e?a?i?, ine?eueee aiie aaaaoi a /iio aecia/athoue
iaoiaee, iiaeae? e ?ino?oiaioe i?eeiyooy ??oaiue.

5. Aaciaei aeaiaioii eiioeaioe?? ? ciia no?aoaa?/ieo ?ioa?an?a, aeey
yei? no?aoaa?/ia ciia ainiiaea?thaaiiy (NCA) — ie?aiee aeiaaeie.

6. sse iaoiaeieia?/iee aacen aeey ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a, iiaeaeae,
?ino?oiaio?a ? iaoiaeee no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii ne?ae
aeei?enoiaoaaoe neooaoe?eii-?ano?niee i?aeo?ae.

7. Ne?ae no?oeoo?oaaoe ?ano?ne i?aei?e?inoaa, ui aeanoue iiaeeea?noue
anoaiiaeoe niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy eiaeiei c
ieo ? ?ic?iaeoe a?aeiia?aei? iaoiaee, iiaeae? e ?ino?oiaioe.

8. sse ai?eciio no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ne?ae i?eeiyoe 3-5 ?ie?a
caeaaeii a?ae aaeoc? iniiaii? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

9. ?ioaa?iaaia ?ioi?iaoe?eia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii iiaeiia
iaoe o nai?io neeaae? i?aenenoaio no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, ui
ooieoe?iio? ia iniia? aeaio aac aeaieo: aace no?aoaa?/ieo aeaieo, yea
oi?io?oueny c on?o aeaieo, ui iaae?eoee ca ?ioi?iaoe?eieie eaiaeaie, oa
aace no?aoaa?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? ciaiue ye ?acoeueoao ?iaioe
aiae?oee?a-i?ioan?iiae?a c ia?aa??ee aeaieo c ia?oi? aace ia i?aaeiao
aeooaeueiino?, aeinoia??iino? oa oe?iiino?.

10. Aeoeaiee iiooe, ia?iaea ? ia?aa??ea neaaeeo neaiae?a iiaeii?
aacoaaoeny ia nenoai? no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao, yea i?aoeth? a
?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano, aeei?enoiao? eeane/i? iaoiaee ?ica?aeoaaeueii?
?iaioe, aeinyaiaiiy a iaeano? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e oa cae?enith?
naith ae?yeuei?noue ia iniia? i?eioeeio naiii?aai?caoe??.

11. sse ?ino?oiaio no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii iaiao?aeii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe oao?aoe?a no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao. Aiie i?iaiaeyoue o
aeeooy ?ioa?ane i?aei?e?inoaa e o oeueiio ? iaa?ae’?iiei eiai aeaiaioii.

12. Aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?th ?ic?iaee i?iaeo?a no?aoaa?/ieo ieai?a ?icaeoeo
aeanieo ?ano?n?a ne?ae aeiiiaieoe oeaio?ae?caoe??th no?aoaa?/iiai
iii?oi?eiao e aeoeaiiai aieeao ia eiiiiiaioe ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

13. Nenoaia i?aeaioiaee ? ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a, caeiyoeo o
no?aoaa?/iiio oi?aae?ii?, iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?yo iaa/aiiy ?c caeo/aiiyi aocueeeo oao?aoe?a a iaeano?
no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao, ?ic?iaee iiaeo oaoiieia?e, ineoieia??
ni?eeoaaiiy ? o.i.

14. Ne?ae ?ai?aai?coaaoe nenoaio iaoa??aeueiiai caioi/aiiy ?ia?oiee?a
i?aei?e?inoaa c oei, uia caaacia/eoe c?inoaiiy aeioiae oao?aoe?a,
caeiyoeo o nenoai? no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao e aiae?co.

15. Ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie iii?o caaacia/o?oueny oeyoii ocaiaeaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a a?oi iii?o ? i?aei?e?inoaa a oe?eiio ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ino?oiaio?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy.

16. Aeey caoenoo caaaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a iaiao?aeii ii?aeioaaoe
iiaeeeaino? ?aaeueii? aeaeiiiiceoe?? ae?iaie/eo iaeeieoeue ia a?eueo
ae??ai? i?ae?icae?ee c oi?ioaaiiyi a??ooaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, ui
i?aeneeththoue ii?aeiaeuei? oaiaeaioe??.

17. O oe?eiio no?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a ia?ao?aei?e
aeiiii?oe? iiaeiii aacoaaoeny ia i?eioeeiao ?aoeaen??, naiii?aai?caoe??,
iaiaaeaii? ?aoe?iiaeueiino?, naiiaecia/aiiy, aeeaa?neo?eaoe??,
?aca?aoaaiiy ?ano?n?a, aacoieiii? aaeaioaoe??.

18. Aoaeoeai?noue no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy a no/anieo oiiaao iiaea aooe
caaacia/aia o?eueee ca iayaiino? iaaii? ?icaeiaii? oaoiieia?? eiai
?aae?caoe??.

19. Nenoaia no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii iiaeiia
caaacia/oaaoe aeio?eiaiiy e?eoa??th ??aiiye?niiai aeeiiaiiy eiaeiiai
aoaio noai?aiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe?? oiaa?o /e iineoae,
ii/eiath/e c IAeAeE?, oaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa ? cae?i/oth/e
i?neyi?iaeaaeiei ianeoaiaoaaiiyi.

20. Caaacia/aiiy aeeiai?/iiai ?icaeoeo i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy eai?oaeo ia
i?aei?e?inoa? ? iaei??th c i??i?eoaoieo oe?eae no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy.
?? aeinyaiaiiy iiaeiii caaacia/oaaoeny aoaeoeaiei ii?aeiaiiyi ae?e
o?iainiaeo ?ino?oiaio?a aea?aeaaiiai ??aiy oa ??aiy i?aei?e?inoaa.

21. Iaei??th c aieiaieo caaea/ aeuiai ea??aieoeoaa i?aei?e?inoaa o noa??
oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii ? oi?ioaaiiy oaeiai iioeaaoe?eiiai yae?a, yea a
niiioeaei ?ia?oiee?a nenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ia ?iiiaaoe?eiee
oa?aeoa? iiaaae?iee.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y
ea?aeeiaeueii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?nioth/eo ca ?icaeyiooeie
no?oeoo?ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie (oaae. 1).

Cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y a?aoiao? iniaeeaino? ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ?
no/ani? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo oai??? iaiaaeaeiaioo. Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
oai??? o na?o? ii?yae c aiae?cii ia’?eo?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy,
i?ioean?a, ye? aecia/athoue ?oi? ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ? i?ioe??/, ui ?
aeaea?aeii ?icaeoeo, aeicaieeee noi?ioethaaoe aacia? i?eioeeie
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii. Oe? i?eioeeie aeiiiaiththoue
iaeei iaeiiai, neeaaeathoue oe?e?nio nenoaio ? iieeaaeai? a iniiao
oai?aoe/iiai aaceno no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy (?en. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Iiaecia iaoiaeieia?/iiai aaceno no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy

No?oeoo?ia oa?aeoa?enoeea?nioth/? nenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai

oi?aae?iiyCai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y123Aacia? iiiyooyAea?? no?aoaa?/ieo
iiceoe?e.

?aiaeoaaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo caaea/.

Ianiiae?aai? iiae??.

Neaae? neaiaee.

No?aoaa?/i? ciie ainiiaea?thaaiiyCiie no?aoaa?/ieo ?ioa?an?a.

Oao?aoe? no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao.

Eiiiiiaioe ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

?ano?ne i?aei?e?inoaa.

Eiii’thoa?i? aaaioeNooi?iue oeaio?ae?caoe?? nenoaieAeaoeaio?ae?caoe?y,
ia?a?iciiae?e aeaaeeOeaio?ae?caoe?y no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao ? aieeao
ia ciai?oi? na?aaeiaeua.

Aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?y no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy?ioa?aae neaioaaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiyO ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /anoO ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano.

I?eioeei aacoieiii? aaeaioaoe??.

I?eioeei naiiaecia/aiiyNoaaeaiiy aei eiioeaioe?? iae?iaeiiii?/ii?
noaa?e?caoe??Aei oaaae ia aa?aouenyI?iiiio?oueny no?oeoo?ii-ae?iaie/ee
i?aeo?ae.

A?ae?a?a? ?noioio ?ieueAieea i?aei?e?inoaa ia ciai?oi? ioi/aiiy*a?ac
no?aoaa?/i? a?oie aieeao ye aeaiaioe ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeuaNo?aoaa?/i?
a?oie aieeao — ianeai? aeaiaioe ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Oao?aoe? no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao — aeoeai? aeaiaioe i?aei?e?inoaaNenoaia
i?eioeei?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?O yaiiio
aeaeyae? ia oi?ioeththoueny, ui cieaeo? iaoiaeieia?/io
oe?ii?noueI?eioeeie: ?aoeaen??, naiii?aai?caoe??, naiiaecia/aiiy,
iaiaaeaii? ?aoe?iiaeueiino?, aacoieiii? aaeaioaoe??, ?aca?aoaaiiy
?ano?n?a, aeeaa?neo?eaoe??Aeaea?aei ?icaeoeo (i?yioaaiiy)Ae??oaiiy
i?iaeaieI?ioe??//y aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a

I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaae.1

123A?aeiioaiiy aei ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa?ano?ne ia no?oeoo?othoueny ?
naiino?eii ia ?icaeyaeathoueny?icaeyaeathoueny ?cieueiaaii e o nenoai?,
? aaciaei aeaiaioiiIaoiaee cai?o no?aoaa?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??A iniiaiiio ca
oaenoiaei ? ae?iaie/ei eaiaeaieIa iniia? aeai?o aoaeoeaieo no?aoaa?/ieo
aac niinoa?aaeaiue, c aeei?enoaiiyi an?o ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eaiae?aI?aeo?ae
aei i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaie/eo iaeeieoeueIa?aaaaea? aeaeiiiiceoe?y
ae?iaie/eo iaeeieoeue ia a?eueo ae??ai? i?ae?icae?eeIineeaiiy
ia’?aeioth/eo oaiaeaioe?e uiaei oi?ioaaiiy a??ooaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e
aeey caoenoo caaaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?aEiioeaioe?y
iiaeaethaaiiyAeei?enoiaothoueny ia?aaaaeii aa?enoe/i? oa ?i?oaoe?ei?
iiaeae?Canoiniaothoueny ?i?oaoe?ei? ? aeeiai?/i? no?oeoo?ii-???a?o?/i?
iiaeae?, iiaoaeiaai? ia i?eioeeiao ?aoeaen?? oa
naiii?aai?caoe??Ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie iii?oIa aac? iaoa??aeueii?
caoe?eaaeaiino?Ia iniia? ocaiaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a oeyoii
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aeaniino?, ?ai?aai?caoe?? no?oeoo?e
i?aei?e?inoaa?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiyIa aac?
?ioaa?aeueieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai?ioi?iaoe?eiee ?ano?n ?icaeyaea?oueny
ye niaoeeo?/ia nenoaia, ui naiino?eii ?icaeaa?ouenyNoaaeaiiy aei
oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe?eiiai yae?a

Ia ?icaeyaea?oueny

Iaeei c aieiaieo ?ino?oiaio?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii Aieea
ia aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ino?oiaio?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy

Ia aeei?enoiao?oueny

?iaeoueny aea?? aoaeoeaii? eiia?iaoe?? o?iainiaeo ?ino?oiaio?a ?
caaacia/o?oueny ?oi? aeei?enoaiiy

I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaae.1

123Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eoa???a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy aeey ??cieo aoai?a
noai?aiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??

Ia ?icaeyaea?oueny

Aeei?enoiao?oueny e?eoa??e ??aiiye?niiai aeeiiaiiy eiaeiiai aoaio,
ii/eiath/e c IAeAeE?, oaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa ? cae?i/oth/e
i?neyi?iaeaaeiei ianeoaiaoaaiiyiOaoiieia?/ia caaacia/aiiy no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy

Ia ?icaeyaea?oueny?ic?iaey?oueny oaoiieia?y no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy

Aeaia nenoaia i?eioeei?a (?en. 1) ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ci?noiaii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oai?aoe/ieo iniia no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii. Aiia yaey? niaith iniiaia oai?aoe/ia ciaiiy, ui
aeicaiey? neioacoaaoe iaoiaee, iiaeae? e ?ino?oiaioe no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii.

?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y ia?aaeaa/a?: a) aeeaiea ia?ainieneaiiy
eaoaai??aeueiiai aaceno oai?aoe/ieo iniia no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii; a) ooi/iaiiy ci?noiaiiai iaiiaiaiiy eaoaai??e, ui
?niothoue; a) aaaaeaiiy iiaeo eaoaai??e ? anoaiiaeaiiy
no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ieo ca’yce?a i?ae ieie.

No?oeoo?ii-eia?/io noaio eaoaai??aeueiiai aaceno iiaeaii ia ?en. 2. Ia
oe?e noai? /?oei i?iaeyaeathoueny aeaa cono??/ieo iioiee aca?iiae??
eaoaai??aeueiiai aaceno. C iaeiiai aieo, a?ae i?ioe??/ aeiiii?/ieo
?ioa?an?a ye ?oo?eii? neee ?icaeoeo ia’?eo?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
/a?ac aeanoea? eiaeiiio c ia’?eo?a aeaee ae?yeueiino?; /a?ac i?ioeane ye
aeaea?aea no?aoaa?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, no?aoaa?/i? aace niinoa?aaeaiiy ?
eaiaee ?ioi?iaoe?? aei oaoiieia?? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy. Oea iio?e
a?ae aeaea?ae ?icaeoeo (?ooo) ? i?noeue aeieeiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aei
oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy, ui yaey? niaith ?ioi?iaoe?eiee i?ioean.

C ?ioiai aieo, a?ae eiie?aoieo caaea/ no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ia’?eoaie
/a?ac ?ino?oiaioe, iaoiaee ? iiaeae? oa i?eioeeie, ye? ?o aecia/athoue,
aei oaoiieia?/ieo aoai?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy.

Oaeei /eiii, oaoiieia?/i? aoaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy “coeaathoue”
?icaeyioo? aeua aeaa iioiee. E??i oiai, oaeoe/ii ca?aathoueny aeaa
iiethne noaie eaoaai??aeueiiai aaceno no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii. Caaea/? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia
iaeiiio c ieo, ?aae?cothoueny ia ia’?eoao no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, aea
aeyaeythoueny i?ioe??//y aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a, ye? eaaeaoue a iniia?
no?oeoo?ii? noaie eaoaai??aeueiiai aaceno.

O ?iaio? a ?acoeueoao? aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co ?nioth/eo iaoiaeieia?/ieo
i?aeoiae?a aei ae??oaiiy i?iaeai aoee noi?ioeueiaai? iaaeie?ee noiniaii
?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy aeey no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii ?
?ic?iaeaiee iiaee i?aeo?ae, aaeaeaaoiee i?iaeai?, ui ae??oo?oueny. O
oeueiio i?aeoiae? ia’?aeiaeenue:

ia?aaaae neooaoe?eiiai i?aeoiaeo, ui aeicaiey? noaaeoe ? ae??ooaaoe
caaea/? oi?aae?iiy a oiiaao a?aenooiino? oi?iae?ciaaieo iaoe ? i?ioeano
ooieoe?iioaaiiy;

ia?aaaae ?ano?niiai i?aeoiaeo, yeee aeicaiey? ca ?aooiie no?oeoo?oaaiiy
?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa, anoaiiaeaiiy eieaeueieo oe?eae ?oiueiai
?icaeoeo, ?ic?iaee oa?aeoa?ieo aeey eiaeiiai c ieo iaoiae?a oa
?ino?oiaio?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?eeiaoe a?eueo aoaeoeai? ??oaiiy;

e?au? noi?iie aeeiai?/iiai iaoiaeo aiae?co ???a?o?e, ui caaacia/o?
ei?aeoio e?euee?nio ioe?ieo ye?nieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue.

Nooo?aei iaaeie?eii ?nioth/eo oai??e no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ?
?aii?oaaiiy ieie oaoiieia??, oiio a aeena?oaoe?? oeueiio ieoaiith
i?eae?ey?oueny iniaeeaa oaaaa. Eiaeiee aoai oaoiieia?? no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy noaaeoue o a?aeiia?aei?noue eiie?aoiei oi?aae?inueeei
caaea/ai iaoiaee, iiaeae? e ?ino?oiaioe, eiei yeeo ie?aneth?oueny
i?eioeeiaie, ui aeanoea? eiie?aoiiio aoaio.

Nai???aeiei aoaiii oaoiieia?? ? no?aoaa?/iee iii?oi?eia. Iaei??th c
aieiaieo eiai oe?eae ? iiooe ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i i?ioe??//y aeiiii?/ieo
?ioa?an?a eiiiiiaio?a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, oaiaeaioe?? ci?ie
?oiueiai aieeao ia no?aoaa?/iiio ?ioa?aae? /ano. Eiai ?aae?caoe?y
aaco?oueny ia i?eioeeiao ?aoeaen??, naiii?aai?caoe??, ye? ii?yae c
oe?eyie aecia/athoue iaoiaee, iiaeae? oa ?ino?oiaioe. Niaoeeo?ea aoaio
coiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueiiai iaoiaeo —
“iaoa – iio?aaa – aaca niinoa?aaeaiiy – aeaea?aei” (IIAAe), a ia eiai
iniia? — iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao. Aeaia
iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? aac ao?ao oe?iii? ?ioi?iaoe?? nooo?ai nei?ioeoe
ianyae aeaieo, ui ia?iaeythoueny aiae?oeeaie.

Eiioeaiooaeueiee e?eoa??e iiaea aooe noi?ioeueiaaiee ye aeiiaa
??aiiaaaeii? yeino? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy iaoa??aeueieie,
o?iainiaeie, o?oaeiaeie, ?ioi?iaoe?eieie ?ano?naie i?aei?e?inoaa oa
iia’ycaieie c iei eiiiiiaioaie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Iine?aeiaia
aeei?enoaiiy e?eoa??th aeiaaa? oaeiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?ic?iaee nenoaie
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, i?e yeiio ?iciiae?e eioo?a ia i?iaeoe
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ae i?aenenoaiaie oi?aae?iiy ??cieie ?ano?naie oa
eiiiiiaioaie ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy cae?enith?oueny aeoiaey/e c ?aaeueii?
ioe?iee ae?enieo ??ai?a yeino? ?oiueiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa iaiao?aeiino?
caaacia/aiiy caaeainiaaiino? oeeo ??ai?a.

O aeena?oaoe?? iiaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th caaea/ oi?aae?iiy, ye? eia?/ii
caaa?oothoue eaoaai??aeueiee aacen no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii. Aiie oaeoe/ii ?aae?cothoue i?ioeaaeo?e oi?aae?iiy ia
ia’?eoao aieeao. Ca?aeii c eeaneo?eaoe??th ia’?eo?a aieeao caaea/?
iiae?eythoueny ia o?e a?oie:

1) caaea/? aca?iiae?? ?c ciai?oi?i na?aaeiaeuai;

2) caaea/? iia?oaaiiy c? nai?ie ?ano?naie;

3) caaea/? caaaeueiinenoaii? (neioaoe/i?).

?ic?iaeai? o oeueiio ?icae?e? eiioeaioe?y, iaoiaeieia?y oa caaaeuei?
canaaee ?ino?oiaioa??th aeicaieythoue o ianooiieo ?icae?eao a?eueo
aeaoaeueii ?icaeyiooe i?iaeaio no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy aeanieie
?ano?naie i?aei?e?inoaa.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “No?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie” —
i?iaiae?ciaaii i?ioean iai?ioo eai?oaeo; anoaiiaeaii eiai aaeocaa?
iniaeeaino? oa oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? ?ino?oiaio?a aea?aeaaiiai iiaeaoeiai-athaeaeaoiiai ?
e?aaeeoiiai aieea?a ia oaiie ?inoo aeaniiai eai?oaeo i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa oa iaoiaeeeo iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaii no?aoaa??
ciai?oiuei? o?iainiai? i?aeo?eiee c iaoith eiai canoinoaaiiy oeeo
iaoiaeee ONA oa NAA.

Aiae?c ?ooo eioo?a iaiiaeeeaee o a?ae?ea? a?ae eaoaai??? eai?oaeo, oiio
a ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c eiai iai?ioo, aiae?c i?ioean?a
a?aeoai?thaaiiy aeaniiai eai?oaeo i?aei?e?inoaa. ?icaeyiooi ?nioth/?
caniae oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii naiic?inoaiiy eai?oaeo, iieacaii ?oith
iaaoaeoeai?noue a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee e iniaeeai ia
no?aoaa?/iiio ?ioa?aae? /ano, i?i ui na?ae/eoue aiae?c /eiiee?a, ye?
cieaeothoue oaeaee?noue iai?ioo eai?oaeo, aaeueiothoue
a?aeoai?thaaeueiee i?ioean, ni?eyth/e aaaaoie?aoiiio ia?aaeuaiith
o?eaaeino? o?iainiaiai oeeeeo iaae o?eaae?noth ae?iaie/iai oeeeeo. Oea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui aaainiaaiee eai?oae, iia’ycaiee o iioi/ieo
aeoeaao, a aeae?eueea ?ac?a ia?aaeuo? noio i?e?inoo aeaniiai eai?oaeo,
?aooie?a aei iaea?aeaiiy, iioi/ieo ciaia’ycaiue, ui oa?aeoa?eco?
?nioth/ee ??aaiue oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai eiiieaeniiai aiae?co caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa o aaeocaaiio ?ic??c? a ?iaio? c?iaeaii oae?
aeniiaee: iaea?eueo iiooaeiee iioaioe?ae aei a?aeiiaeaiiy aeeiai?ee
i?ioeano eai?oaeiooai?aiiy ia? oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue ye oaea, ui
caa?aaea oe?e?ni?noue naiai eiiieaeno a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai aoaio
aeiiii?ee e aaeaeaaoii oeueiio aoaio ci???iooaaea no?aoaa?th ?icaeoeo.

I?aei?e?inoaa iaoeiiaoae?aii? aaeoc? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?eueo neaaeeie
ia?aaeoiiaaie aei ia?iuoaaiiy eai?oaeo, a iiaiith ?oiueith a?aenooi?noth
iiaea aooe a?aecia/aia eaaea i?iieneia?noue. Ne?ae oaeiae caoaaaeeoe, ui
oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue ia? ia’?eoeaii iaoiiaeaiee iioaioe?ae ia?iuoaaiiy
eai?oaeo, ai ei?ioea o?eaae?noue iia?aoe?eiiai oeeeeo ? iacai?ii?noue
i?iaeoeoe??, ui iath aeionea?oueny, ni?eythoue aenieei oaiiai iai?iieo
i?ioean?a ?c ciai?oi?i na?aaeiaeuai, a oea ? iaei??th c aieiaieo oiia
noaa?eueiiai ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee.

Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?ino?oiaio?a aea?aeaaiiai
iiaeaoeiai-athaeaeaoiiai ? e?aaeeoiiai aieea?a ia oaiie ?inoo aeaniiai
eai?oaeo i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa, aeey anoaiiaeaiiy e?euee?nieo
caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy aeaniiai eai?oaeo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea, yea ia?aaeaa/a?: i?iaaaeaiiy eeaneo?eaoe??
i?aei?e?inoa, ui aiae?cothoueny, iaoiaeii eeanoa?iiai aiae?co ca
?oiueith iiae?ai?noth, c oi/ee ci?o aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo eai?oaeo;
ioe?ieo ii/aoeiaiai i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ? aecia/aiiy
iiaeeeaeo iai?yi?a eiai ia?ai?uaiiy ii iao?eoe? o?iainiaeo no?aoaa?e
aeey aecia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoa, aeiaeaoeiaa ciai?oi? o?iainoaaiiy yeeo,
iiaea ni?eyoe i?enei?aiith oaii?a ?inoo aeaniiai eai?oaeo.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a, i?iaaaeaieo ca cai?iiiiiaaiith
iaoiaeeeith, iiaeia c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1) i?aei?e?inoai iiaea aaaaeaoe i???ioaoe?th ia no?aoaa?th ciai?oiuei?
o?iainiai? i?aeo?eiee ia’?eoeaii iaa?oioiaaiith, yeui: cia/aiiy
?acoeueoaoo o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? ciaoiaeyoueny a
iaaeao 10% a?ae aaee/eie aeiaeaii? aa?oino?; cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa
?a?iaanooaaiiy a?eueoa 0,5; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiceeiaiai ? aeaniiai
eai?oaeo i?e ei?ioe?e o?eaaeino? iia?aoe?eiiai oeeeeo a?eueoa 0,75;
niinoa??aa?oueny iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea iai?ioo; a?aenoaaaiiy ??aiy
i?eaooeiaino? eai?oaeo a?ae aa?oino? ianeoaiaoaaiiy ai?ao iacia/ia;

2) i?aei?e?inoai, ui ia? aaee/eie o?eaaeinoae iai?ioo ae?iaie/eo caian?a
? caeo/aiiy ei?ioeino?ieiaeo iiceeiaeo eioo?a iaeiiai ii?yaeeo, iiaea
aaaaeaoenue o?iainiai no?eeei iaa?oue i?e eiao?oe??ioao e?ea?aeiino? oa
o?iainoaaiiy iai?ioieo aeoea?a, ye? cia/ii iaioa a?ae ii?iaoeaieo.

I?ney aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaiai i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ?
iiaeeeaeo iai?yie?a eiai ia?ai?uaiiy ii iao?eoe? o?iainiaeo no?aoaa?e oa
anoaiiaeaiiy aeioe?eueiino? aeiaeaoeiaiai ciai?oiueiai o?iainoaaiiy aeey
i?enei?aiiy oaii?a ?inoo aeaniiai eai?oaeo iio??aii ioe?ieoe
aoaeoeai?noue aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo iai?yie?a ciai?oiuei? o?iainiai?
i?aeo?eiee ia i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano eai?oaeiooai?aiiy. Aeey oeueiai a
aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeueio iaoiaeeeo, yea a?aoiao?, ui
i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano eai?oaeiooai?aiiy ianaiia?aae iia’ycaii c
iiaeeea?noth ca?eueoaiiy oaiio aaia?oaaiiy iiceoeaiiai a?ioiaiai iioieo.
A ?iaio? aeae?eai? oae? iniiai? iai?yiee ia?niaeoeaiiai ca?eueoaiiy
ianyao iiceoeaiiai a?ioiaiai iioieo ye aace ?inoo aeaniiai eai?oaeo:
c?inoaiiy noie /enoiai i?eaooeo ca ?aooiie i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeoeaii?
oe?iiai? iie?oeee; c?inoaiiy noie /enoiai i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoaa ca
?aooiie cae?eniaiiy aoaeoeaii? iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee; ca?eueoaiiy noie
/enoiai i?eaooeo, ui ?aea ia ae?iaie/ee ?icaeoie, ca ?aooiie:
ca?eueoaiiy aaee/eie aii?oecaoe?eiiai oiiaeo /a?ac oi?iaaaeaeaiiy
iie?oeee i?enei?aii? aii?oecaoe??; c?inoaiiy /enoiai i?eaooeo ia iniia?
ca?eueoaiiy cia/aiiy /enoi? ?aioaaaeueiino? aeanieo eioo?a ca ?aooiie
aeei?enoaiiy iiceeiaeo eioo?a; ?aae?caoe?? iniiaieo aeoea?a ?
iaoa??aeueieo oe?iiinoae, ui ia aeei?enoiaothoueny aai aeaoaathoue o
ca’yceo ?c ciinii.

C ia?a?aoiaaieo iai?yie?a iniaeeaee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaeythoue oae?
?aca?ae i?aeaeuaiiy /enoiai i?eaooeo, ye caaacia/ai?noue oao?aoeyie
no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao aoaeoeaii? iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee ? aeei?enoaiiy
iiceeiaeo eioo?a i?e a?aeiia?aei?e ci?i? /anoee ?a?iaanoiaaiiai o
ae?iaie/ee ?icaeoie /enoiai i?eaooeo, ai naia aiie oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aieea ia i?aei?e?inoai ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

I?aeaiaey/e i?aenoiie aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeeee, iiaeia c?iaeoe oaeee
aeniiaie: iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei iai?yieii aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oaii?a eai?oaeiooai?aiiy ia aea?aeaaiiio i?iieneiaiio i?aei?e?inoa? ?
iaaeaiiy i?eueaiaeo e?aaeeo?a o ii?aeiaii? c? cieaeaiiyi noaaie
iiaeaoeiaeo ieaoaae?a, ui aoiaeyoue a oe?io ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??
(aeey iaaaaeaieo ?ic?aooie?a — iiaeaoie ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue). Eiai
aeei?enoaiiy iaea?eueo iiaii a?aeiia?aea? e?eoa??th ocaiaeaeaiino?
aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a, ui ae?thoue o aioo??oiueiio e ciai?oiueiio
na?aaeiaeuao ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa. Oea iieiaeaiiy ni?aaaaeeeaa
ye i?e caa?aaeaii? o?iainiai? no?oeoo?e eai?oaeo, oae ? i?e ?? ci?i?.
Oiio canoinoaaiiy oaeiai aaaeaey aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? iiooaeiei
no?aoaa?/iei caniaii a?aeiiaeaiiy aeeiai?ee i?ioeano eai?oaeiooai?aiiy
i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? — “No?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy iaoa??aeueieie
?ano?naie” — ?icaeyiooi iiiyooy, neeaae ? aca?iiae?th iaoa??aeueieo
?ano?n?a ye ia’?eoa oi?aae?iiy; c?iaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo noai
oi?aae?iiy ? nenoai iinoa/aiiy, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o na?oia?e
i?aeoeoe?, ioe?iaii ?oi? iaaeie?ee e ia?aaaae; noi?ioeueiaaii
?ioaa?aeueiee e?eoa??e no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy iaoa??aeueieie
?ano?naie; i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iiiyoue “eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue oiaa?o” ?
“eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?aei?e?inoaa”; aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino?
aca?iiae?? i?aei?e?inoaa c eiiiiiaioaie ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy o noa??
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo naaiaioaoe?? oa
iiia?aaeiueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieo aeey aeyaeaiiy i?aoa?aioe?e
niiaeeaa/?a oiaa??a oa iineoa; cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei
ae?aaiinoeee eiieo?aioii? iiceoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa uiaei aoaeoeaiino? oa
iaae?eiino? ?ano?niiai iioieo; ?ic?iaeaii ?i?oaoe?eio iiaeaeue aeoiaeo c
eaaeo oaoi?/ii neeaaeieo ae?ia?a oa iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee o?eaaeino?
aa?aio?eiiai ? iinoaa?aio?eiiai oa?i?io ?oiueiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ca
aeiiii?/ieie e?eoa??yie c o?aooaaiiyi oaoi?/ii? iaae?eiino?.

?nioth/? noaie oi?aae?iiy iaoa??aeueieie ?ano?naie iathoue nooo?ao
iaiiaiioo, ine?eueee ia aeeth/athoue ii/aoeia? oa e?ioeaa? aoaie
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oiaa??a ? iineoa. Iiaa eaea i?i IAeAeE?, oaoi?/io
i?aeaioiaeo ae?iaieoeoaa, aa?aio?eia, i?neyaa?aio?eia ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa
ooee?caoe?th i?ney cae?i/aiiy oa?i?io neoaeae. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui
e?ioeaaith iaoith no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy iaoa??aeueieie aeaiaioaie
ae?iaieoeoaa ? oi?ioaaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? yeino? oiaa??a oa
iineoa, ye? aoaeooue ae?iaeyoenue ia no?aoaa?/iiio ?ioa?aae? /ano, a
aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaaii iiiaeeio i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo
oe?eae (i?aeoe?eae) aeey eiaeiiai aoaio ia?aoai?aiiy iaoa??aeueieo
?ano?n?a o aioiaee oiaa? /e iineoao, aeeth/ath/e i?neyi?iaeaaeiee
noi?ia?ae oa ooee?caoe?th. Ia eiioeaiooaeueiiio ??ai? i/aaeaeia oaea
aeiiaa: aeo?aeiee i?iaeoeo eiaeiiai c oeeo aoai?a iiaeiai iaoe ye?noue
iaeiiai ii?yaeeo, ine?eueee ye?noue e?ioeaaiai i?iaeoeoo /e iineoae
aei??aith? iaea??oiio c ieo. Oeae ?ioaa?aeueiee e?eoa??e yeino? iio??aii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e oi?ioaaii? no?aoaa?/iiai ieaio ia?aoai?aiiy aeanieo
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a.

A iniia? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieo eaaeeoue aeaiia?ao?/iee i?eioeei
naaiaiooaaiiy, a nenoaia aieao aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe ? e?euee?nii
aei??yoe iayai? i?aoa?aioe?? niiaeeaa/?a oiaa??a. I?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy
iaoiaeeee aeicaieeei noi?ioethaaoe nenoaio aeiia aei oiaa??a oa iineoa,
ye? o?eueee i?iaeoothoueny. Oe? aeiiae noinothoueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
oe?ie, aeecaeio, o?eaaeino? aa?aio?eiiai oa?i?io ianeoaiaoaaiiy (OAOI),
ae??aino? ?aeeaie oa iiaaae?iee i?iaeaaoey aeey ??cieo naaiaio?a ?eieo.

E??i oiai, aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? ia i?aei?e?inoaao, ye?
aeioneathoue iiaooiao oaoi?eo, aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe oae? caaaeuei?
aeniiaee: OAOI ? iniiaiei i?ney oe?ie iieacieeii, ui oi?io? aeoieo
iieoioey i?i oiaa?e aeiaaino?ieiaiai aeei?enoaiiy, oiio aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?iao iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe c?inoaiiy OAOI;
c?inoaiiy OAOI ia caaacia/o? i?yiie?i?eia ia?iuoaaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?iao. Eiai noeioethth/a ?ieue nii/aoeo ??cei
c?inoa? ? aeinyaa? naiai i?ea (o oaeaa?ci??a — 5 ?ie?a, a a ieeinin?a —
3 ?iee), a iio?i aei 9 ?ie?a noiaeeoue i?aeoe/ii aei ioey. Iniiaia iana
?aniiiaeaio?a (92,2%) ona?aeiieaii, aaca?aeiinii aei oe?ie, ia aaaaea?
ca iio??aia ca?eueooaaoe o?eaae?noue aa?aio?eiiai oa?i?io ianeoaiaoaaiiy
a?eueoa 9 ?ie?a.

Oaeei /eiii, iaeiei c aieiaieo oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?iao ? i?aeo?eiaiiy caaeainiaaiiai c oe?iith
oa?i?io aa?aio?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ye i??e oaoi?/ii? iaae?eiino?
oiaa?o. A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue oaoi?/ii? iaae?eiino?,
a cia/eoue, iio??aio OAOI iiaeia aeinyaoe o?eueee i?e aeei?enoaii?
?ioaa?aeueiiai e?eoa??th yeino?, ii/eiath/e c IAeAeE?.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?ecia/aia aeey ioe?iee iioeiaeueii? OAOI ca oaeeie
e?eoa??yie: i?i?ioi ieoiieo aeo?ao ia ?aiiio, iaeneioi ieoiiiai
i?eaooeo, iaeneioi ??/iiai i?eaooeo. I?e?iaeii, ui ?acoeueoaoe
iiaeaethaaiiy aeathoue ??ci? cia/aiiy OAOI aeey ??cieo e?eoa???a ?
nooo?ai caeaaeaoue a?ae ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iao. O iaaaaeaiiio
i?eeeaae? ii iaei?e c iiaeaeae oaeaa?ci?a i?e 5% ?aioaaaeueiino? ca
ia?oeie aeaiia e?eoa??yie iioeiaeueia OAOI aei??aith? 48 i?n., a ca
o?ao?i — 60 i?n. I?e ?aioaaaeueiino? 20% ii i?i?ioio aeo?ao ia ?aiiio ?
iaeneioio ieoiiiai i?eaooeo OAOI aei??aith? 48 i?n., a ca e?eoa???i
iaeneioio ??/iiai i?eaooeo — 120 i?n. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a
ae?acii i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iayai?noue ca’yceo i?ae OAOI ? ?aioaaaeuei?noth
ae?iao. C ?inoii ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iao i?e an?o ?ioeo ??aieo oiiaao
c?inoa? iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy OAOI.

A iniia? iaoiaeeee eaaeeoue ?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?
aeoiaeo c eaaeo oaoi?/ii neeaaeieo oiaa??a oe?ieiai aaeeoeo, yea
aaco?oueny ia iiaeaethaaii? aeiaaeeiaeo ci?iieo c aenia?eiaioaeueii
anoaiiaeaieie caeiiaie ?iciiae?eo. Ci?iieie, yeeie oi?aaeythoue, ? OAOI
oa ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? oiaa?o.

Iaeiei c oaoiieia?/ieo aoai?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ? ae?aaiinoeea
oaeoe/iiai noaio i?aei?e?inoaa ca oei /e ?ioei ?ano?nii oa ioe?iea eiai
iaeaooiuei? aeeiai?ee. Aeey oeueiai a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/iee
i?aeo?ae, ui aaco?oueny ia aeine?aeaeaii?: iane?eueee i?oeii
i?aei?e?inoai oo?eio? naith eiieo?aioio iiceoe?th uiaei caeo/aiiy ?
aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a, i?inoaaiiy oiaa??a ia ?eiie; ye?
ia?niaeoeae ci?oeiaiiy aai ineaaeaiiy eiieo?aioii? iiceoe?? i?e
caa?aaeaii? iiaaae?iee; yea i?noea caeia? i?aei?e?inoai na?aae iniiaieo
eiieo?aio?a; ye? ca’ycee c ?ic?iaieeaie oaoiieia?e; iane?eueee iiooaei?
o i?aei?e?inoaa a?oie no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao oa eaae?o?eiaai? oao?aoe?
no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao.

Oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee aei??ththoueny iieacieeaie c neaaioi?iae?ciaaieie
ioe?ieaie neeuei?oa (+), a?eueo neaai (–) ? i?eaeecii iaeiaeiai (=).

Aeae? ?iaeoueny i?aenoiiaoaaiiy ioe?iie neeueieo noi??i eiaeiiai c
noia?iee?a ? ?ic?aooiie i?aenoieiaeo iieaciee?a ?oiuei?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?. *ei aeua caaaeueia ioe?iea i?aei?e?inoaa, oei
i?oei?oa eiai eiieo?aioia noaiiaeua; /ei a?eueoa ?ic?ea i?ae caaaeueieie
ioe?ieaie i?aei?e?inoaa ? caaaeueieie ioe?ieaie eiieo?aio?a, oei a?eueoa
eiieo?aioia ia?aaaaa i?aei?e?inoaa.

Iaaaaeaia o aeena?oaoe?? nenoaia ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ei?eni? aeniiaee i?i noaiiaeua i?aei?e?inoaa a
ii??aiyii? c ?? eiieo?aioaie. Ioe?iee iieacothoue noaiiaeua
i?aei?e?inoaa ii??aiyii c eiieo?aioaie c eiaeiiai /eiieea, aeyaeyth/e,
oaeei /eiii, neeuei? oa neaae? noi?iie i?aei?e?inoaa c oi/ee ci?o
iaae?eiino? oa aoaeoeaiino? iaoa??aeueiiai iioieo. E??i oeueiai,
caaaeueia ioe?iea eiieo?aioii? neee aeicaiey? noaeeoe i?i oa, /e ia?
i?aei?e?inoai eiieo?aioio ia?aaaao aai eiieo?aioia a?aenoaaaiiy a
ii??aiyii? c eiaeiei ?c noia?iee?a. I?aei?e?inoai c iaeaeuith ioe?ieith
eiieo?aioii? neee ia? /enoo eiieo?aioio ia?aaaao iaae eiaeiei
eiieo?aioii.

Ciaiiy neaaeeo ? neeueieo noi??i i?aei?e?inoaa iaiao?aeii aeey
ae?iaeaiiy no?aoaa?/iiai ieaio iie?ioaiiy eiai noaiiaeua noiniaii
eiieo?aio?a o aeiaaino?ieia?e ia?niaeoea?.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? — “No?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie” —
aeaii aecia/aiiy oa aeae?eaii oa?aeoa?enoeee o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ye
ia’?eoa oi?aae?iiy; noi?ioeueiaaii /eiieee, ye? aecia/athoue ye?noue
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie oa i?iaiae?ciaaii ?nioth/?
iaoiaee ? iiaeae?, ui i?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaothoueny, anoaiiaeaii ?oi?
iaaeie?ee; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei aei??o iioaioe?aeo
iioeaaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a; cai?iiiiiaaii caniae iioeaaoe?eiiai
i?aee??ieaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
oe?e?niino? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii oa aecia/aiiy eiai
?iiiaaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ?aca?a?a
?icaeoeo ?iiiaaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo aeey ?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy o
no?aoaa?/iiio oi?aae?ii? o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie.

Oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oeeo ?ano?n?a, ui i?aeeyaathoue aieeao aeey aeinyaiaiiy
oeo /e ?ioeo oe?eae ia no?aoaa?/iiio ?ioa?aae? /ano, a ?iaio? i?eeiyoi
i?ioan?eio eaae?o?eaoe?th, iioeaaoe?th oa o?ce/iee noai i?aoe?aiee?a.

Ia?oa oa?aeoa?enoeea a?aeia?aaea? iayai?noue o i?aoe?aiee?a ciaiue,
ai?iue oa iaae/ie, ye? iaiao?aei? ?i aeey aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe. Aiia
oa?aeoa?eco? ia’?eoeaio, iioaioe?eio ni?iiiaei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a
aeeiioaaoe nai? ae?iaie/? ooieoe??.

Ae?oaa oa?aeoa?enoeea iieaco? iayai?noue aaaeaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a
?aae?coaaoe iioaioe?eio ni?iiiaei?noue aeeiioaaoe naith ?iaioo. ?ioeie
neiaaie, aiia iieaco?, /e aeinoaoi? iioeae o i?aoe?aiee?a, uia ye?nii
aeeiioaaoe nai? i?ioan?ei? iaia’ycee.

O?aoy oa?aeoa?enoeea aea? iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe, /e iiaeooue
i?aoe?aieee, iath/e aeinoaoi? iioeae ? iaiao?aeio eaae?o?eaoe?th,
cae?enithaaoe naith i?ioan?eio ae?yeuei?noue, a?aoiaoth/e ia noai naiai
caei?ia’y.

Aiae?c oaeoe/ii? neooaoe?? ia ?eieo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oa ?oi?e
no?aoaa?/iee aiae?c aeicaieeee aeae?eeoe /eiieee, ui ?aaeaiaioothoue
o?ainoi?iaoe?th aeacaieo oa?aeoa?enoee: iaiao?aei?noue o?aooaaiiy
iaeaooi?o aeiia aei eaae?o?eaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?aoe?aiee?a;
c?inoaiiy aaniethoiiai ??aiy iaiao?aeii? ae?iaie/i? eaae?o?eaoe??; ??no
oaii?a noa??iiy ciaiue ? iaae/ie i?aeoe/ii an?o eaoaai??e ia?niiaeo, ui
aa?ooue o/anoue o i?ioeanao ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa; iio?aaa a niieo/aii?
oe?iei? caaaeueii? ina?oe ? aocueei? niaoe?ae?caoe??; oneeaaeiaiiy
i?aeaioiaee ? ia?ai?aeaioiaee ia?niiaeo; iaiao?aei?noue i?aeo?eioaaoe
aacia?a?aiee i?ioean oaeineiiaethaaiiy ? ia?aeaae?o?eaoe??; ??cea ?
aaaeei ia?aaeaa/oaaia ci?ia neeaaeo oa no?oeoo?e iioeaaoe?eiiai yae?a
ia?niiaeo, iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o eiai
iiaaae?iee; oaiaeaioe?y aei iia??oaiiy aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? a na?o?;
caiaiaae nenoaie iaaee/ii? i?io?eaeoe/ii? ?iaioe ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai?.

?ino?oiaioaie no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao ia ia?oo oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?:
i?aai?caoe?y aeanieo aai aeoe?iia?ieo caeeaae?a ina?oe a?aeiia?aeiiai
??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe??; i?aai?caoe?y oao?aoeyie no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao
i?aei?e?inoaa aea?aeaaiiai caiiaeaiiy iaa/aeueiei caeeaaeai aea?aeaaii?
oi?ie aeaniino? ia i?aeaioiaeo oao?aoe?a c a?aeiia?aeieo
niaoe?aeueiinoae oa ??ai?a eaae?o?eaoe??; o/anoue o oi?ioaaii?
ii?iaoeaii? ? aa??aoeaii? /anoei iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai c iaiao?aeieo
niaoe?aeueiinoae; caiiaeaiiy iacaeaaeiei iaa/aeueiei caeeaaeai ia
i?aeaioiaeo oao?aoe?a iio??aii? eaae?o?eaoe?? ia eiio?aeoi?e iniia?.

Noiniaii ae?oai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui
oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie i?aei?e?inoaa iaiiaeeeaa aac noai?aiiyi
oe?e?nii? nenoaie iioea?a. Iaiao?aeii iaoiaee/ii iaa?oioiaaii, iinooiiai
aaanoe a ae?th iiao nenoaio iioeaaoe?e ? iai?aaeoe ?? a ?onei
?ioaineo?eaoe?? aeiiii?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo ia?aoai?aiue, ui aecia/athoue
aeiiii?/iee ? nioe?aeueiee ?icaeoie i?aei?e?inoa ia no?aoaa?/iiio
?ioa?aae?. A ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny oaeee ia?ae?e ae?e oeueiai
iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo: ia?o ca ana iio??aii aeae?eeoe iioeae, ye?
ae?thoue o eieaeoea? i?aei?e?inoaa; c aeiiiiiaith aieaooaaiiy
anoaiiaeth?oueny aaaa eiaeiiai c iioea?a nenoaie ca na?aaei?i aaeii, ui
aeaee aenia?oe; i?iaiaeeoueny aieaooaaiiy aeey aeyaeaiiy ca’yce?a ??cieo
iioea?a c nenoaie; oi?io?oueny oaaeeoey ca’yce?a iioea?a ii
i?aei?e?inoao; aeae?ey?oueny iioeaaoe?eia yae?i, yea aeeth/a? a naaa
iioeae, ui i?aeneeththoue iaeei iaeiiai; aeae?eythoueny neaae? i?noey o
nenoai? iioea?a ? ?ic?iaey?oueny no?aoaa?/iee ieai o?ainoi?iaoe?? ??
aeaiaio?a c iaoith i?aeneeaiiy iioeaaoe?eiiai yae?a.

sse?nia no?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a oe?eiio ? o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie cie?aia iaiiaeeeaa, yeui nenoaia no?aoaa?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
ia aeinoaoiuei oe?e?nia ? ia aieiae?? iiooaeiei ?iiiaaoe?eiei
iioaioe?aeii. Oiio i/aaeaeia iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy i?ea?iaeueiiai
iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee oeeo aeaio yeinoae nenoaie.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee oe?e?niino? nenoaie
iaiaaeaeiaioo, yea aeei?enoiao? oae? oa?aeoa?enoeee nenoaie
iaiaaeaeiaioo: no?aoaa?/i? oe?e? i?aei?e?inoaa; iniaeno? oe?e?
iaiaaeaea??a i?aei?e?inoaa; iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny ia
i?aei?e?inoa?. Eiaeia c oeeo oa?aeoa?enoee aei??th?oueny aeae?eueeiia
iieacieeaie, ye? ioe?iththoueny o aaeao. E?euee?nia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a
cae?enith?oueny oaeoi?iei aiae?cii, ui aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe o?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oa ?oi? iieacieee, ye? ii?ooothoue oe?e?ni?noue nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy, ? ia oe?e iniia? ?ic?iaeoe no?aoaa?/iee ieai ?? a?aeiiaeaiiy
aai noai?aiiy.

E??i oiai, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeey aecia/aiiy ?aca?a?a ?icaeoeo
?iiiaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a oi?aae?ii? i?aei?e?inoaii, yea aeeth/a? oae?
aoaie: aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aeey ioe?iee ?iiiaaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo
iaiaaeaea??a; anoaiiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aeey ioe?iee oeio iiaaae?iee
i?aai?caoe??; aenia?oia ioe?iea iaa?oioiaaieo oa?aeoa?enoee
?iiiaaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo ie?aieo iaiaaeaea??a oa i?aai?caoe?? a
oe?eiio; aiae?c ?iiiaaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo iniaeno?nii? neeaaeiai?
nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa; aecia/aiiy ??aiy o?aaeeoe?eiiai oa
?iiiaaoe?eiiai oei?a iiaaae?iee nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa;
aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ? aecia/aiiy ?aca?a?a ?icaeoeo ?iiiaaoe?eiiai
iioaioe?aeo nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa. Ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a
iaoiaeii oaeoi?iiai aiae?co aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe iayai? oaeoi?e
i?aeaeuaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eii? neeaaeiai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy.

O oinoiio ?icae?e? — “?ioi?iaoe?ei? ?ano?ne i?aei?e?inoaa” — ?ic?iaeaii
noaie oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia?ac?a i?aei?e?inoa oa ?oi?o ?aaeueieo
? a??ooaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue ?acii c eiiiiiaioaie ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy;
aeae?eaii oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, ui iienothoue ?o ye
ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy; c?iaeaii aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a ?
cai?iiiiiaaii caniae oi?aae?iiy ieie.

O ?iaio? aaoi? aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui an? iaoa??aeuei? i?aaeiaoe, yaeua ?
i?ioeane iathoue nai? aeania, ia’?eoeaii ?nioth/a ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiea.
Aiii i?noeoue anth ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aeaiee i?aaeiao, yaeua, i?ioean a
iei?oiueiio ?oiueiio iieiaeaii?, caeeoee ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?oi? ieioe?
noaie ? /anoeio ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iaeaooi?.

No/aniee noai iaoee ? oaoi?ee aeicaiey? aeiaeoe e ca?a?no?oaaoe /anoeio
oeueiai iiey, noai?eoe aeayeee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee ia?ac i?aaeiaoa, ui
a?eueo-iaio oi/ii a?aeia?aaea? ?aaeuei?noue. Aeine?aeieee, ye?
i?aoeththoue c oeei ?ioi?iaoe?eiei ia?acii, nie?ath/enue ia no/ani?
aeinyaiaiiy iaoee ? oaoi?ee, neioacothoue iaai? ciaiiy i?i aeaiee
i?aaeiao. I?e oeueiio /anoeia ?ioi?iaoe?? c ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ia?aco
caeeoa?oueny iacao?aaoaaiith. A i?ioean? iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue
/anoeia oaei? ?ioi?iaoe?? c ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ia?aco ciaioo?oueny, a ianya
ciaiue i?i i?aaeiao ca?eueoo?oueny. I?e oeueiio ?ioi?iaoe?eiee ia?ac ana
iiai?oa ioiieth? ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiea, a oiio iiai?oa a?aeaeaa?
ia’?eoeaiee noai i?aaeiaoa. Ana aeeeaaeaia aeua iiai?noth iiaea aooe
canoiniaaia aei i?aei?e?inoaa ye nenoaie ?ano?n?a, aca?iiae?y yeeo
caaacia/o? aeione ? ?aae?caoe?th i?iaeoeoe?? i?e aeoeaiiio aieea?
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Oiae? iiaeia oyaeoe aca?iica’ycie
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iie?a, ia?ac?a ? ciaiue o aeaeyae? aeaio i?ioean?a, ui
noeeathoueny i?ae niaith ia ??ai? ciaiue. Iaeei c ieo ia? nai?i aaciaei
aeaiaioii i?aei?e?inoai, ?ioee — eiiiiiaioe ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ?ano?ne ia aeo?a/othoueny i?e
aeei?enoaii?, oiaoi ia?aaea/a ?ioi?iaoe?? aai ciaiue a?ae aeaea?aea aei
iaea?aeoaa/a ia icia/a?, ui aeaea?aei ?o iicaaaey?oueny. Iaeiae oea ia
noino?oueny eiieo?aioieo ia?aaaa, yeeo iicaaaey?oueny aieiaea? iio-oao
i?ney eiai ia?aaea/? ?ioei iniaai. Aea iaeaieiai?oith oa?aeoa?iith
?enith ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa ? oa, ui aiie, c iaeiiai
aieo, a?aeaeaathoueny ?ioi?iaoe?eieie ia?acaie i?aei?e?inoaa,
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? a?aeiia?aeieie ciaiiyie, a c ?ioiai —
caaacia/othoue noai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia?ac?a oeyoii aca?iiae?? c
a?aeiia?aeieie ?ioi?iaoe?eieie iieyie ia iniia? ?ino?oiaioaeueieo
cania?a ? iaoiae?a iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeae?eaii oae? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, ui
oi?aaeythoueny: aeooaeuei?noue, a??ia?aei?noue, oe?ii?noue, aeaea?aea
?ioi?iaoe??, iai?yiee aiae?oe/ii? ia?iaee no?aoaa?/ieo aeaieo,
i?aai?caoe?y ? i?aeo?eioaaiiy a aeooaeueiiio noai? ia?aeiieo
no?aoaa?/ieo aeaieo oa no?aoaa?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? ciaiue. Oe?
oa?aeoa?enoeee /a?ac cia/aiiy nai?o iieaciee?a iienothoue noai
?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa. Oi?aae?iiy ieie cae?enith?oueny
oeyoii ci?ie iieaciee?a. ?oi? iniaeeaino?, iiaeeea? cia/aiiy oa caniae
o?ainoi?iaoe?? c oi/ee ci?o no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aaenoaaeaii o
?iaio?.

Iaea?eueo neeaaeiith a /anoei? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ? oaea
oa?aeoa?enoeea, ye aeaea?aei ?ioi?iaoe??, ine?eueee iieacieee, ui
iienothoue ??, ea?aeeiaeueii a?ae??ciythoueny aeey no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy a?ae oeo, ye? aiia ia? i?e iioi/iiio, a oei a?eueoa
iia?aoeaiiio oi?aae?ii?. Na?aae oanoe iieaciee?a (no?aoaa?/ia aaca
niinoa?aaeaiiy, a?oia, iin?? ?ioi?iaoe??, iina?aaeieee, e?euee?noue ?
no?oeoo?a, aeo?aoe ia i?aeo?eioaaiiy a aeooaeueiiio noai?) iaeiaio
?ic?iaeaiei ? “iina?aaeiee”. A?i iieaco?, yeei /eiii ?ioi?iaoe?y a?ae
oi/ee ?? aeieeiaiiy ? o?enaoe?? ia?aaea?oueny a noiaeua no?aoaa?/ieo
aeaieo aeey iiaeaeueoi? ia?a?iaee aiae?oeeaie. Ca iina?aaeieea iiaeooue
aenooiaoe iacaeaaei? iinoa/aeueieee ?ioi?iaoe??, eiii’thoa?i? ia?aae?,
eiii’thoa?iee aaaio, niaoe?aeuei? oaoi?/i? caniae, oao?aoe?
no?aoaa?/iiai aieeao.

O ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaaii caniae aeei?enoaiiy an?o aeae?a iina?aaeiee?a ?
cai?iiiiiaaii iaea?eueo aoaeoeai? c ieo, aea cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
oaeiio iina?aaeieeo, ye “eiii’thoa?iee aaaio”, ui aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaiee
aaoi?ii. Oe? iina?aaeieee aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey iiooeo no?aoaa?/ii?
?ioi?iaoe?? o eiii’thoa?ieo ia?aaeao, ?? iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee ?
aeinoaaee o noiaeua no?aoaa?/ieo aeaieo. Aaoi?ii i?iiiio?oueny aaanoe
aeaa oeie aaaio?a, ui yaeythoue niaith i?eioeeiiai iiaiai iina?aaeieea
i?ae aeaea?aeii ?ioi?iaoe?? ? no?aoaa?/iei noiaeuai aeaieo. Eiaeiee c
ieo yaey? niaith eia?/iee ia’?eo ? o?ce/ii ia? a nai?io neeaae? eiiieaen
eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai, aeanio aaco aeaieo ? ciaiue, ui aeicaieythoue
eiio aaoiiaoe/ii aeeiioaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? ooieoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aeaeo aaaioa. I?iiiio?oueny ?ic??ciyoe iia?aoeaiiai aaaioa ?
aaaioa-aiae?oeea. Aeey eiaeiiai c ieo noi?ioeueiaai? no?oeoo?a,
iaiao?aei? yeino?, ooieoe??. Iai?eeeaae, iia?aoeaiee eiii’thoa?iee aaaio
iiaeiai ai?oe: ia?anoaaoenue ii eiii’thoa?i?e ia?aae?; cae?enithaaoe
iiooe ?ioi?iaoe?? /a?ac na?aa?e ca aeiiiiiaith a?ia?ca’yce?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi caaeaii? oaiaoeee; cae?enithaaoe aaoiiaoe/iee ca??
a?coaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ca caaeaiith oaiaoeeith; cae?enithaaoe ia?aeiiee
aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?? ia iniia? aeanii? aace ciaiue; a?aeae?aoe c?acee
?ioi?iaoe?? caaeaiiai ianyao; aeinoaaeyoe a?ae?a?ai? c?acee ia caaeaiee
na?aa?; caiai’yoiaoaaoe i?ieaeaiee ia?o?oo ? iciaee aaea iaeiiai ?aco
ia?aa??aii? ?ioi?iaoe??; i?iieeaoe a cae?eo? aace aeaieo i?ae aeaeyaeii
iniaenoeo iineaiue, ni?eueii c ?ioi?iaoe??th, ui /anoi cai?ioo?oueny
cna?aaeeie aace, aai ?ioeie caniaaie, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny
eiii’thoa?ieie a??onaie; aeeeeeaoe cna?aaeeie cae?eoeo aac aeaieo i?ney
i?iieeiaiiy a ieo ?ioeo aaaio?a aeey i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? a?aeai?o
?ioi?iaoe??; ia?aoiaoaaoe aae?ano naiai aaciaiai na?aa?o oeyoii ci?ie
nai?o ?aeaioeo?eaoi??a ? noai?aiiy a??ooaeueieo na?aa??a; iaea?aeoaaoe
caaaeaiiy a?ae aaaioa-aiae?oeea.

E??i ?icaeyiooeo ieoaiue, o aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/iee
i?aeo?ae aei aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?aenenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy ye iaei??? c neeaaeiaeo /anoei ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a
i?aei?e?inoaa, a iniiao yeiai iieeaaeaii e?eoa??e caaeainiaaii? yeino?
eiaeiiai oaoiieia?/iiai aoaio oi?aae?iiy, ui aeicaiey? oieeiooe, c
iaeiiai aieo, caeaeo eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ? iaeaooi?o
aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao, a c ?ioiai — cieaeaiiy ??aiy no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy c i?e/eie iecueei? yeino? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie, ui eiai
caaacia/o?.

Aeniiaee

1. Noaoenoe/i? aeai? uiaei ?icaeoeo a e?ecia? ?iee aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a
oe?eiio e ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa cie?aia na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue
noeoiiino? iaae??oaieo i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c oi?aae?iiyi aeiiii?/ieie
nenoaiaie ??cieo ??ai?a, ii/eiath/e c ie?aiiai noa’?eoa ainiiaea?thaaiiy
? cae?i/oth/e iaoe?iiaeueiith aeiiii?eith. Aiae?c i?e/ei, ye? ?o
coiiaeee, iieaco?, ui iaei??th c aieiaieo na?aae ieo ? i?iaeaia
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, ine?eueee aiia iineoue
eiiieaeniee oa?aeoa?, ioiiethth/e iae?i- ? i?e?i??ai?. Aac ??
i?aeoe/iiai ae??oaiiy iaiiaeeeai i/?eoaaoe oaeaeeiai aeoiaeo aeiiii?ee c
nenoaiii? e?ece.

2. Nenoaia oaeoi??a, ui coiiaeea e?eco a Oe?a?i?, aeoaea nai???aeia, a
oiio ?? oa?aeoa?enoeee ??cei a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae oeo, ui iaee i?noea a
?ioeo e?a?iao (iai?eeeaae, *ee?, I?aaeaiia Ei?ay, e?a?ie No?aeii?
?a?iie). Oea neeaaea? aaeee? ia?aoeiaee aeey aeei?enoaiiy ?iicaiiiai
aeina?aeo aeoiaeo c e?ece a oiiaao Oe?a?ie.

3. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo oai??e no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy iieacaa, ui aiie
?ic?iaeyeeny aeey aeiiii?e, ye? ?icaeaathoueny aaiethoe?eii ? ia ?
aaeaeaaoieie ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie oa aeiiii?oe? ?ioeo
iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?i. Oiio aeooaeueiith ? iaoeiaa i?iaeaia ?ic?iaee
oai?aoe/ieo canaae no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii.

4. Iaoiaeieia?y no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii ia iiaea ia
a?aoiaoaaoe iaoiaeieia?th iae?iaeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe??. O?eueee ?oi?e
neia?ic aeicaiey? ?ic?iaeoe aoaeoeai? iaoiaeeee, iaoiaee, iiaeae? e
?ino?oiaioe no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ye ie?aiei i?aei?e?inoaii, oae ?
aeiiii?eith a oe?eiio.

5. No?oeoo?ia ia?aaoaeiaa iaiiaeeeaa aac aeoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy aea?aeaae a
aeiiii?/i? i?ioeane. A oiiaao Oe?a?ie iaoai?cie iiiaoa?ii?
iae?inoaa?e?caoe?? aac aeei?enoaiiy no?oeoo?ii-ae?iaie/iai
iaoiaeieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo ia aeaaeooue aaaeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo.

6. Oi/a oai??? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, ui ?ic?iaeai? aeey i?aei?e?inoa
o e?a?iao c? noaeith aeiiii?eith, ia aaeaeaaoi? oiiaai Oe?a?ie, oa
oiiaai ?ioeo e?a?i c ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith, ?o iio??aii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye aaco aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo.

7. ?ic?iaea nenoai no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii iiaeiia
cae?enithaaoeny ia iniia? oe?e?nii? eiioeaioe??, yea ?ic?iaeaia c
o?aooaaiiyi inoaii?o aeinyaiaiue oai??? iaiaaeaeiaioo, iia?oi?o
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e oa aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a.

8. A iniia? eiioeaioe?? eaaeaoue i?eioeeie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii, ye? a?aoiaothoue iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoai
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ? caaacia/othoue
aea?? aaeaeaaoieo iaoiae?a, iiaeaeae oa ?ino?oiaio?a aeey ?ic?iaee ?
caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue.

9. A?aenooi?noue oe?e?nii? oai??? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy coiiaeei oa,
ui aeioaia? ia ?nio? caaaeueiiaeciaii?, noaei? oa?i?iieia?? o oe?e
noa??. Oiio a aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii eaoaai??aeueiee aacen ye nenoaio,
aea an? eaoaai??? ? niaoe?aeuei? iiiyooy ciaoiaeyoueny o iaaiiio
aca?iica’yceo i?ae niaith oa aeaiaeyoueny iaeei c iaeiiai ca eia?eith
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy.

10. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei ae??oaiiy neeaaeieo
i?iaeai na?ae/eoue, ui aeiaeai c ieo iiai?noth ia a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai,
ye? aeo?eathoue c? niaoeeo?ee i?iaeaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii. Oiio ?ic?iaea neooaoe?eii-?ano?niiai i?aeoiaeo aei ??
ae??oaiiy aoea ia’?eoeaii iaiao?aeiith.

11. Aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo oai??e no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy iiaeeeaa ca
?aooiie aaaaeaiiy a ieo iaa?oioiaaii?, ?icaeiaii? oaoiieia??.
?aii?oaaiiy oeueiai aaaeeeaiai aeaiaioa oai??? i?ecaiaeeoue aei aaeeeeo
neeaaeiinoae i?e no?oeoo?oaaii? i?iaeaie, a ioaea, aenoaa? aeiaeaoeia?
ia?aoeiaee ia?aae ?oi?i oi?iaaaeaeaiiyi o i?aeoeeo. Oea coiiaeei
?ic?iaeo a aeena?oaoe?? oaoiieia?? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii.

12. Iaea?eueo niaoeeo?/iei oaoiieia?/iei aoaiii no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
? no?aoaa?/iee iii?oi?eia. Oeae aoai nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
aiaeia?/ieo aoai?a o iioi/iiio oa iia?aoeaiiio oi?aae?ii? e i?aeoe/ii ia
ia? oai?aoe/ii? aace nai?? ?aae?caoe?? a aeiiii?oe?. Aeaye? ?ic?iaee
?niothoue o a?aee?eoeo cao?aeieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?aeao c i?iaeai
“eiia?oe?eii? ?ica?aeee”. Iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaethaaoe i?aenenoaio
no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao c aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaii? a ?iaio?
iaoiaeeee oa iaoiae?a no?aoaa?/iiai iii?oi?eiao, ye? aaeaioiaai? aei
oiia ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

13. Aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiioeaiooaeueiee
e?eoa??e ??aiiaaaeii? yeino? ia o?eueee ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiiieaeniiai
oi?aae?iiy an?ia ?ano?naie oa eiiiiiaioaie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, a e
i?e ?aae?caoe?? an?o oaoiieia?/ieo aoai?a no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy.

14. Cai?iiiiiaaiee o ?iaio? eeaneo?eaoi? caaea/ a ?ic??c? aoai?a
oaoiieia?? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy c aeae?eaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
ca’yce?a i?ae ieie aeicaiey? a?aeia?aceoe iiiaeeio iaoiae?a, iiaeaeae oa
?ino?oiaio?a ia iiiaeeio caaea/ no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy oa caaacia/eoe
i?aeo?eieo i?iaeooaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai.

15. I??i?eoaoiei ?ino?oiaioii no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy a?aeiiaeaiiyi
noni?eueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ? ocaiaeaeaiiy
ieai?a o?iainiai? aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee ? ieai?a i?enei?aiiy oaii?a
eai?oaeiooai?aiiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. ?oi? niieo/aiiy iiaeia
aaaaeaoe aoaeoeaiei, yeui a ?acoeueoao? oe??? aca?iiae?? cae?enith?oueny
?icoe?aia a?aeoai?aiiy nenoaie aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a noni?euenoaa. Aeey
iaoiaee/ii? i?aeo?eiee oeueiai ?ino?oiaioa a aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeai?
iaoiaeeee, ui aeicaieythoue, c iaeiiai aieo, aeae?eeoe i?aei?e?inoaa,
yeei ? nain aeiiiiaaaoe, a c ae?oaiai — aea?aoe iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia
niieo/aiiy iiaeaoeiaeo i?euea ? e?aaeeo?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae eiie?aoiiai
noaio o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa ? aea?aeaae.

16. Aiae?c e?oaiia?ao eai?oaeo ia i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo aaeocae iieacaa,
ui iaaeie?ee nenoai oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie ia iae?i- ?
i?e?i??aiyo ia?aoeiaeaeathoue c?inoaiith eai?oaeo aai i?ecaiaeyoue
iaa?oue aei eiai ciaioaiiy, ui ? i?e/eiith ia o?eueee i?eieiaiiy
i?ioeano iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo, iaiao?aeiiai aeey oaoi?/iiai ?
oaoiieia?/iiai a?aeiiaeaiiy, a e aei iaiiaeeeaino? o?iainoaaiiy iioi/ii?
ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?. O ca’yceo c oeei iaiao?aeii eiinoaooaaoe, ui
o?eueee aoaeoeaia no?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy ?ooii eai?oaeo ye aa?o?noth
caaacia/eoue aeinyaiaiiy ? i?aeo?eieo aaeaino i?ae ?ioa?anaie ??cieo
o/aniee?a a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai i?ioeano ? ? aacenii aeey nai?/aniiai
caiia?aaiiy i?ioe??//yi, ui aeieeathoue i?ae ieie.

17. Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy aaeocaaeo iniaeeainoae oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaeie
?ano?naie a ?iaio? c?iaeaii aa?oeeaeueiee ? no?oeoo?iee aiae?ce aaeain?a
105 i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo aaeocae i?iieneiaino? Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?. Ana
oea aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui iaea?eueoa noeeuei? aei iaaaoeaieo
oaiaeaioe?e i?aei?e?inoaa eaaei? i?iieneiaino?, o iaio?e i??? oe?
oaiaeaioe?? niinoa??aathoueny a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?. Iaea?eueo
i?ia?aneaieie oaiaeaioe?yie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?aei?e?inoaa oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino?. Oea ua ?ac i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaiiai aaoi?ii no?oeoo?ii-ae?iaie/iai i?aeoiaeo aei
iae?iaeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe??. I?aei?e?inoaai eaaei? i?iieneiaino?, uia
aiie ye ? oa?/ia? i?aei?e?inoaa io?eiaee no?eeee iiieo ia naith
i?iaeoeoe?th ? ciiaee ia?iuoaaoe aeaniee eai?oae, iaiao?aeii aeiiiiiaoe
iiaeaoeiaeie ? ieoieie i?eueaaie. Oea aoaea caaacia/oaaoe
ieaoini?iiiaei? caiiaeaiiy iaoeiiaoae?aiei i?aei?e?inoaai, ui e
noai?eoue ?i oiiae aeey ia?iuoaaiiy aeaniiai eai?oaeo.

18. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo noai oi?aae?iiy iaoa??aeueieie ?ano?naie ? nenoai
iinoa/aiiy, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o na?oia?e i?aeoeoe?, iieacaa ?oith
nooo?ao iaiiaiioo, ine?eueee aiie ia ioiieththoue nenoaiii
o?ainoi?iaoe?th oeeo ?ano?n?a, ii/eiath/e c IAeAeE? ? cae?i/oth/e
ooee?caoe??th oiaa?o i?ney caaa?oaiiy no?ieo neoaeae. A ?iaio?
?ic?iaeaii caoiaee uiaei onoiaiiy oeueiai iaaeie?eo oa cai?iiiiiaaii
?ioaa?aeueiee e?eoa??e yeino? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy iaoa??aeueieie
?ano?naie, aeei?enoaiiy yeiai caaacia/eoue caaeainiaaiee ?icaeoie an?o
aoai?a ?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy, a ?aae?caoe?y iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
ae?aaiinoeee eiieo?aioii? iiceoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa c aoaeoeaiino? oa
iaae?eiino? ?ano?niiai iioieo caaacia/eoue cai?ioiee ca’ycie o oeeee?
oi?aae?iiy.

19. Iaeiei c iaaeie?e?a oi?aae?iiy an?i oeeeeii o?ainoi?iaoe??
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a ? iiaia a?aenooi?noue iaoiaeee c i?aai?caoe?? oa
ioe?iee oa?aeoa?enoee aa?aio?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy. Aac ye?niiai
aeeiiaiiy oeueiai aoaio iaiiaeeeai aeinyaoe eiieo?aioieo ia?aaaa i? ia
oaeoe/iiio, i? ia no?aoaa?/iiio ?ioa?aae? /ano. Oiio a ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaii
nenoaio iaoiaeee, aeei?enoaiiy yeeo aeicaiey? caaacia/eoe aeeiiaiiy
aa?aio?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy c? caaeainiaaiith ye?noth.

20. I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieo aeicaiey? ia
o?eueee aecia/eoe aeiiae aei oiaa??a ? iineoa, ui ?ic?iaeythoueny, a e
noi?ioethaaoe nenoaio i?aaee aeey ia?eaoieiaa oa i?iaeaaoey c
i?aai?caoe?? ?oiueiai i?iaeaaeo c o?aooaaiiyi oa?aeoa?enoee ??cieo
naaiaio?a ?eieo.

21. Iioeaaoe?y aenieii?iaeoeoeaii? i?aoe? ? oeaio?aeueiith caaea/ath
no?aoaa?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ia?niiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa. O nai?e ?iaio?
iaiaaeaea?e i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeii? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?aaeueio nenoaio
iioea?a, ui ae?thoue o eieaeoeaao. Aeey oeueiai ?? iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe
e ioe?ieoe aenia?oiei oeyoii. I?e oeueiio aeoaea aaaeeeai aiae?coaaoe
ca’ycee i?ae iioeaaie, nie?ath/enue ia ye? ne?ae aoaeoaaoe nenoaio
noeioethaaiiy aenieii?iaeoeoeaii? i?aoe?. E??i oiai, aa?o/e aei oaaae
eiina?aaoeai?noue nenoaie iioea?a, iaei??th c no?aoaa?/ieo caaea/
nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo ? oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo iioea?a ?iiiaaoe?eiiai,
i?aei?e?iieoeueeiai oeio iiaaae?iee iaiaaeaea??a. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oeeo
caaea/ a ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeueiee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae.

22. Nenoaia no?aoaa?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo iiaeiia ia?aaoaeiaoaaoeny a
iai?yieo iineeaiiy eiai ?iiiaaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?aei?e?ieeaino? eiaeiiai iaiaaeaea?a ? oa?aeoa?o aeeth/aiiy oeueiai
iioaioe?aeo a ?nioth/o nenoaio iaiaaeaeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa.
I?aei?e?ieea?noue ethaeeie aaaaoi a /iio caaacia/o?oueny aecia/aieie
ineoieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, aeeaaeaieie a iueiai i?e?iaeith ?
?icaeiooeie o i?ioean? ae?yeueiino?, oiio ?iaioa c i?aeai?o oa iaa/aiiy
eaae??a ? /e ia aieiaiith o no?aoaa?/iiio oi?aae?ii? i?aei?e?inoaii.
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee oe?e?niino? nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo ia?niiaeo
? aecia/aiiy ?aca?a?a ?icaeoeo ?? ?iiiaaoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o aeathoue
a?oioiaio iaoiaee/io aaco aeey oe??? ?iaioe.

23. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo oai??e no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy oa i?aeoe/ieo
?ic?iaie o oe?e noa?? iieacaa, ui ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ?ano?ne i?aei?e?inoaa ia
?icaeyaeathoueny ye naiino?ei? ?ano?ne. Aiie aecia/athoueny ye
aeiiii?aei?, ui cia/ii caoaeo? ?oith ?ieue ? oei naiei aaeueio? i?iya o
iiai?e i??? neia?a?/ieo yeinoae nenoaie an?o ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa. C
o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai o ?iaio? aeae?eaii oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
?ano?n?a, yeeie iiaeia oi?aaeyoe; anoaiiaeaii iieacieee, o?ainoi?iaoe?y
yeeo ci?ith? oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee; cai?iiiiiaaii caniae ? iai?yie oaei?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii o oe?eiio e ?ioi?iaoe?eieie ?ano?naie cie?aia.

24. Aiae?c ae?th/eo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai a Oe?a?i? iieacaa ?oith
iecueeo ?acoeueoaoeai?noue (aoaeoeai?noue). Iaei??th c i?e/ei oaeiai
noaiiaeua ? a?aenooi?noue eiioeaiooaeueiiai e?eoa??th caaeainiaaii?
yeino?, ui coiiaeei ?ic?iaeo a ?iaio? oaeiai e?eoa??th, yeee aeicaiey?
ii??aithaaoe caniae, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny ia eiaeiiio oaoiieia?/iiio
aoai? oi?aae?iiy ? a eiaei?e i?aenenoai?. C aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??th
caaeainiaaii? yeino? a ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?aenenoaie no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, yeee
ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo aaaio?a aeey ?iaioe a aeiaaeueieo
eiii’thoa?ieo ia?aaeao; no/anii? eiioeaioe?? aaaaoiaei??ieo aac aeaieo
aeey i?aai?caoe?? noiaeu no?aoaa?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ciaiue, ui
aeicaiey? oieeiooe cieaeaiiy yeino? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy c i?e/eie
iaaeineiiaeino? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie i?aei?e?inoaa.

25. Oai?aoe/i? canaaee no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, ui
?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, o iiaiiio ianyc? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
o/aiaiio i?ioean? iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a IIIIV ??ai?a ae?aaeeoaoe?? aeey
i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a c oaeeo iai?yie?a, ye aeiiii?ea, i?aei?e?iieoeoai
oa iaiaaeaeiaio; iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie oa i?iaeoieie onoaiiaaie aai
a?aeiia?aeieie i?ae?icae?eaie i?aei?e?inoa aeey ?ic?iaee nenoai
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii. Iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee
aeena?oaoe?? iathoue i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue aeey i?iaeooaaiiy nenoai
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/eo i?aei?e?inoa oa /anoeiai
i?aei?e?inoa iaae?iaie/iai i?io?eth.

Nienie ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o, ui a?aeaeaathoue iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe??

1. Iiiiia?aiei A.N. No?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii: Iiiia?ao?y. —
Oa?e?a: Iniiaa, 1999. — 620 n.

2. ?onomarenko V.S. Planification regional et l’amenagement de l’espace.
L’Universite de BZV, 1985, 228 p.

3. Iiiiia?aiei A.N. Iiaeaethaaiiy aeene?aoieo i?ioean?a: Iaa/aeueiee
iin?aiee. — E.: ?NAeI, 1994. — 180 n.

4. Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iooea?ue A.E. Iaoiaeu e iiaeaee oeiainiaiai
iaania/aiey ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoee: Iao/iia ecaeaiea. — Oa?ueeia: OAYO,
1997. — 160 n.

5. Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iooea?ue A.E., Ea Aai Oii. Iiaeaee oi?aaeaiey
ia?niiaeii ei?ii?aoeee: Iao/iia ecaeaiea. — Oa?ueeia: OAYO, 1997. — 232
n.

6. Ie?eiee N.O., Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iaaeaaae?aa ?.A. No?aoaa?y ? oaeoeea
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaao ?eieo: Iaa/aeueiee
iin?aiee. — E.: ?CII, 1996. — 80 n.

7. Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iooea? I.?., Eiaaeaiei TH.?. I?iaeooaaiiy
aaoiiaoeciaaieo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee.
— E.: ?CII, 1996. — 312 n.

8. Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iooea?ue A.E., Eaauaiei A.I. N?aaenoaa
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey
yeiiiie/aneeo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo nenoai: O/aaiia iiniaea. — Oa?ueeia: OAYO,
1997. — 72 n.

9. Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Aooiaa ?.E., Ieiooei N.A., Ieeia A.A. Oaoiieiaey
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie ia?aaioee yeiiiie/aneie eioi?iaoeee: O/aaiia iiniaea.
— E.: ?NAeI, 1993. — 220 n.

10. Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iaca?iaa A.A., Iooea?ue A.E., Aooiaa ?.E.,
ssno?aineay A.I. Eioi?iaoeeiiiua nenoaiu a iaiaaeaeiaioa: O/aaiia
iiniaea. — Oa?ueeia: OAYO, 1998. — 160 n.

11. Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Iaaeaiei E.A., Iaeneiaiei ?.I. I?iaeooaaiiy aac
aeaieo: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee. — E.: ?CII, 1997. — 172 n.

12. ?ai?oei I.I., Cin?iia A.I., Iiiiia?aiei A.N. Iaoiaee aaaaoiaei??iiai
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee. — E.: ?CII, 1998. — 208 n.

13. A. Iiiiia?aiei, I. Aei?iieia, A. Iineia, A. Aei?iiei. I?aaiecaoeey
aeciana a noa?a i?iaeaae: O/aaiia iiniaea. — Oa?ueeia: Aecian Eioi?i,
1999. — 244 n.

14. Iiiiia?aiei A.N. Iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy ei?ii?aoe??th. //O?iaine Oe?a?ie. — 1999. — ?4’99. —
N. 15-19.

15. A. Iiiiia?aiei. Oaoiieiaey no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey. //Aecian
Eioi?i. — 1999. — ?3-4(247-248). — N. 84-88.

16. Iiiiia?aiei A.N. Iniaaiiinoe nenoai no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey
i?aaei?eyoeai a ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieea. //A?niee OAeAO. — 1999. — ?1(9).
— N. 5-10.

17. Iiiiia?aiei A.N. No?aoaae/aneee iiieoi?eia. //A?niee OAeAO. — 1999.
— ?2(10). — N. 3-10.

18. Iiiiia?aiei A.N. I?eioeeiu no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai.
//Yeiiiieea. — 1998. — ?1(98). — N. 38.

19. Iiiiia?aiei A.N. Eaoaai?eaeueiue aacen no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey.
//Aanoiee OAIO. — 1999. — ?27’99. — N. 178-188.

20. A.N. Iiiiia?aiei. Eioi?iaoeeiiiua ?ano?nu a no?aoaae/aneii
oi?aaeaiee i?aaei?eyoeai. //Aanoiee iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai neaayineiai
oieaa?neoaoa (a. Oa?ueeia). — 1999. — O.2. — ?5. — N. 41-44.

21. A. Iiiiia?aiei, N. Ieiooei, N. I?aoia. Iaoiaeieiaey ioeaiee
ninoiyiey i?eaaoece?oaiuo i?aaei?eyoee. //Aecian Eioi?i. — 1997. —
?21(217). — N. 43-45.

22. Iiiiia?aiei A.N., Ieiooei N.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea i?iaiiciuo ninoiyiee
i?aaei?eyoey ia iniiaa iae?iiiuo naoae. //A?niee OAeAO. — 1998. — ?4(8).
— N. 87-90.

23. Iiiiia?aiei A.N. Neooaoe?eii-?ano?niee i?aeo?ae aei no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii. //I?aea?aeii/ee iaoeiaee ca??iee “I?iaeaie
oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee”. Aei. 7. — 1999. — N. 93105.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N. No?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 — “I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia”. — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo canaae no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii. O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, noi?iiaaii nenoaio i?eioeei?a
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy, iaa?oioiaaii eiai eaoaai??aeueiee aacen.
C?iaeaii aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a ? aeey
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii ?ic?iaeaii iiaee —
neooaoe?eii-?ano?niee i?aeo?ae. Cai?iiiiiaaii ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii
oaoiieia?th no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, ui /a?ac
oaoiieia?/i? aoaie ca’yco? a ?aeeio nenoaio i?eioeeie, iaoiaee, iiaeae?
e ?ino?oiaioe no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy. ?? aoaeoeai?noue
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny i?aeoeeith. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ? i?aeoeeo no?aoaa?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: no?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy, i?aei?e?inoai, iii?oi?eia,
i?eioeeie, eaoaai??aeueiee aacen, oaoiieia?y, neooaoe?eii-?ano?niee
i?aeo?ae, iaoiaeieia?y, iaoiaee, ?ino?oiaioe.

Iiiiia?aiei A.N. No?aoaae/aneia oi?aaeaiea i?aaei?eyoeai. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 — “I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e
ia?eaoeia”. — Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao,
Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea oai?aoe/aneeo iniia no?aoaae/aneiai
oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai.

A ?aaioa iainiiaaia iauaeoeaiay iaiaoiaeeiinoue niaa?oainoaiaaiey
no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai eae iaeiiai ec n?aaenoa auoiaea
no?aiu ec yeiiiie/aneiai e?ecena. Iieacaia iaaaeaeaaoiinoue
nouanoaothueo oai?ee no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey oneiaeyi ia?aoiaeiie
yeiiiieee. Iainiiaaiu iaiaoiaeeiinoue e oeaeaniia?aciinoue niaianoiie
?ac?aaioee iaoiaeieiaee iae?iyeiiiie/aneie noaaeeecaoeee e
no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai.

?ac?aaioaia eiioeaioeey no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai,
iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue eniieueciaaiey aeey iae?iyeiiiie/aneie
noaaeeecaoeee no?oeoo?ii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iaoiaeieiae/aneiai iiaeoiaea
e noi?ioee?iaaiu iniaaiiinoe aai i?eiaiaiey a Oe?aeia. Naeaeai
aeaoaeueiue aiaeec nouanoaothueo iaoiaeieiae/aneeo iiaeoiaeia e aeey
no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai ?ac?aaioai iiaue —
neooaoeeiiii-?ano?niue iiaeoiae. Ii iauaaeeiyao iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoiua
no?aoaae/aneiio oi?aaeaieth yeaiaiou neooaoeeiiiiai e ?ano?niiai
iiaeoiaeia, aace?oaony ia eieoaoeeiiiii iiaeaee?iaaiee e iaoiaea
aeeiaie/aneiai aiaeeca ea?a?oee.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaiu nenoaia i?eioeeiia no?aoaae/aneiai
oi?aaeaiey e aai eaoaai?eaeueiue aacen, a eioi?ii auaeaeaiu aeaa iioiea.
N iaeiie noi?iiu, io i?ioeai?a/ee yeiiiie/aneeo eioa?ania /a?ac aeaeu
aeayoaeueiinoe, i?ioeannu, no?aoaae/aneea aacu iaaethaeaiee e eaiaeu
eioi?iaoeee e oaoiieiaee no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai, n
ae?oaie — io eiie?aoiuo caaea/ no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey iauaeoaie
/a?ac iaoiaeu, iiaeaee e eino?oiaiou no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey e
i?eioeeiu, eioi?ua eo ii?aaeaeytho, aei oaoiieiae/aneeo yoaiia
no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey.

Oaeei ia?acii, oaoiieiae/aneea yoaiu no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey
“noeaatho” oeacaiiua auoa aeaa iioiea. Ionthaea neaaeoao, /oi oaoiieiaey
yaeyaony yae?ii oai?ee no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai. Iiyoiio
ae a aeenna?oaoeee oaeaeyaony iniaia aieiaiea eae n oi/ee c?aiey
oai?aoe/aneiai iainiiaaiey, oae e i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee.

A ?aieao iaoiaee/aneiai iaania/aiey oaoiieiaee no?aoaae/aneiai
oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeeee ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe
eino?oiaioia ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaeiaiai-athaeaeaoiiai e e?aaeeoiiai
aeeyiee ia oaiiu ?inoa nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey
e iainiiaaiey i?aaei?eyoeai no?aoaaee aiaoiae oeiainiaie iiaeaea?aeee,
eioi?ua iicaieytho au?aaioaoue iainiiaaiiue ieai eae acaeiiaeaenoaey
niaoeeaeenoia no?aoaae/aneiai aeeyiey n eiiiiiaioaie aiaoiae n?aaeu, oae
e eniieueciaaiey nianoaaiiuo oeiainiauo ?ano?nia i?aaei?eyoey.
Noi?ioee?iaaiu o?aaiaaiey e niaoeeaeenoai no?aoaae/aneiai aeeyiey e
iaoiaee/aneee iiaeoiae eo niaianoiiai eniieueciaaiey ni no?aoaae/aneeie
a?oiiaie aeeyiey e ae?ooaeueiuie i?aaiecaoeeyie eae eino?oiaioaie
no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai, eioi?ua iicaieytho
aa?iiiece?iaaoue yeiiiie/aneea eioa?anu i?aaei?eyoey e aiaoiae n?aaeu.
?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneee iiaeoiae e iaoiaeeee auaeaeaiey
iioeaaoeeiiiiai yae?a ia?niiaea i?aaei?eyoey, ioeaiee oeaeinoiinoe e
eiiiaaoeeiiiiai iioaioeeaea nenoaiu iaiaaeaeiaioa.

A /anoe no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuie ?ano?naie ?ac?aaioai
iaoiaee/aneee iiaeoiae, neoaeauee aeey oi?ie?iaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiie
iiaenenoaiu no?aoaae/aneiai oi?aaeaiey eae ninoaaiie /anoe eioaa?aeueiie
eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu i?aaei?eyoey n eniieueciaaieai e?eoa?ey
naaeaine?iaaiiiai ea/anoaa anao oaoiieiae/aneeo yoaiia e iiaenenoai.
I?aaeeiaeaiu no?oeoo?a, ooieoeee e n?aaenoaa eniieueciaaiey
i?eioeeieaeueii iiaiai iin?aaeieea iaaeaeo enoi/ieeii eioi?iaoeee e
o?aieeeuai no?aoaae/aneeo aeaiiuo — eiiiuethoa?iiai aaaioa, eioi?ue
naiinoiyoaeueii aeaenoaoao a n?aaea aeiaaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?iuo naoae.
?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea no?aoaae/aneiai iiieoi?eiaa aiaoiaai ie?oaeaiey
i?aaei?eyoey eae iaeiiai ec yoaiia oaoiieiaee no?aoaae/aneiai
oi?aaeaiey, eioi?ue eniieuecoao iaoiae “oeaeue – iio?aaiinoue – aaca
iaaethaeaiey – enoi/iee”. Iaoiaeeea i?aaeiacia/aia aeey eniieueciaaiey
niaoeeaeenoaie no?aoaae/aneiai aeeyiey e eiiiuethoa?iuie aaaioaie.

?ac?aaioaia eieoaoeeiiiay iiaeaeue auoiaea ec no?iy oaoie/anee neiaeiuo
ecaeaeee, eioi?ay yaeyaony aaciaui yeaiaioii iaoiaeeee ioeaiee
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe aa?aioeeiiai e iinoaa?aioeeiiai n?iea eo
ianeoaeeaaiey ii yeiiiie/aneei e?eoa?eyi n o/aoii oaoie/aneie
iaaeaaeiinoe. I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey oaeoi?ia i?aaeii/oaiey
iio?aaeoaeae i?iaeoeoeee, eioi?ay aace?oaony ia eo ii?ina ii
niaoeeaeueii ?ac?aaioaiiui aieaoai, /oi iicaieyao ioeaieoue iayaiua
i?aaeii/oaiey /a?ac einaaiiua aii?inu.

Iniiaiua oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea ?acoeueoaou, iieo/aiiua a
aeenna?oaoeee, aiaae?aiu a o/aaiue i?ioeann e i?aeoeeo no?aoaae/aneiai
oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: no?aoaae/aneia oi?aaeaiea, i?aaei?eyoea, iiieoi?eia,
i?eioeeiu, eaoaai?eaeueiue aacen, oaoiieiaey, neooaoeeiiii-?ano?niue
iiaeoiae, iaoiaeieiaey, iaoiaeu, eino?oiaiou.

Ponomarenko V.S. Strategic Management of Business. — Manuscript.

Dissertation to compete for scientific degree of Doctor of Sciences in
Economics majoring in 08.06.02 — “Entrepreneurship, Management and
Marketing”. — Kharkiv State University of Economics, Kharkiv, 1999.

Dissertation deals with working out theoretical basis of strategic
management of business. Concept of strategic management of business is
worked out, system of strategic management principles and its
categorical basis are scientifically grounded. Detailed analysis of
existing methodological approaches is made, a new situation resource
approach is worked out. Theoretically grounded technology of strategic
management of business that united principles, methods, models and
instruments of strategic management through technological stages is
suggested. Its efficiency is proved by practice. Main theoretical and
practical results are introduced into educational process and practice
of strategic management of business.

Key words: strategic management, business, monitoring, principles,
categorical basis, technology, situation-resource approach, methodology,
methods, instruments.

IIIIIA?AIEI AIEIAeEIE? NOAIAIIAE*

NO?AOAA?*IA OI?AAE?IIss I?AeI?E?INOAII

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.02 — “I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia”

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione AEo?aaeueiaa ?.A.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 21.10.99. Oi?iao 6084 1/16.

Iai?? ae?oea?nueeee ?1. Ae?oe ionaoiee. Ianya 1,9 oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? 516. Aaceiooiaii.

_____________________________________________________________________

Aeae. OAeAO, 310001, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 9-A

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