Становище та діяльність літературно-мистецької інтелігенції України в умовах українізації (1923 р. — початок 1930-х рр.): Автореф. дис… канд. іст. н

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

OA?AIII IENAIA AIAOIE??AIA

OAeE 947-058.237 “19”

NOAIIAEUA OA Ae?ssEUeI?NOUe E?OA?AOO?II-IENOAOeUeEI? ?IOAE?AAIOe??
OE?A?IE A OIIAAO OE?A?I?CAOe??

(1923 ?.-ii/aoie 1930-o ??.)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue — 07.00.01 — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? ? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie ?noi?e/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Ia?ayneaa-Oiaeueieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ?iai? A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eioeo? A?eoi?
Iao?iae/, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e ?noi??? ? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie Ia?ayneaa-Oiaeueieoeueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?iai? A.N.Neiai?iaee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ion??iei
Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea;

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Oa?aiaiei Ieeiea A?eai?iae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?iiciaanoaa Ee?anueeiai i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiai

?inoeoooo i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? a/eoae?a ?i. A. A??i/aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
?noi??? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai

ia?iaeo

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “6” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.20 a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252033, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60, aoae. 349

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i. Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “5” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio
Aiaeei I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe??

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy.
?? ianya 195 noi??iie. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e (28 noi??iie, 415
iaca), aeiaeaoe?a.

Anooi. Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ie na?aeee oiai, yeith
aaeeeith ? ?ieue ?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo o i?ioean? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoiai ia?iaeo, a ?icaoaeia? iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae. Caa?iaiiy aei ?noi??? c iiaith neeith i?iaoaeaeo?
iaoe?iiaeuei? oa a?iiaaeyinuee? ii/oooy, oi?io? aeooiai? i?aeaaeeie.
Iineeth? ?noi?e/io a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue aeine?aeiee?a. A ioaea, ieoaiiy
i?i oa, yeith i??ith aeeooy iio?aao? iineoa e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei?
?ioae?aaioe??, ia? nueiaiaei? ia eeoa iaoeiai-i?ciaaaeueia, aea e
i?aeoe/ia ciaiiy. A?eueoa oiai, ie ia iiaeaii noaaeoeny aei ae?yeueiino?
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? 1920-o — ii/aoeo 30-o ??. eeoa ye
aei “?noi?e/ii? iai’yo?”,ine?eueee oea icia/aei a ioioiaeiaiiy ?? eeoa c
aeina?aeii ieioeiai, iicaaaeyth/e aei???a no/aniiai ? iaeaooiueiai.

Aeooaeuei?noue aea/aiiy i?iaeaie nueiaiaei? coiiaeth?oueny oaeiae oei,
ui, ii-ia?oa, a iao /an cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny ?ieue ?ioae?aaioe?? a
iiooeao oeyo?a ? niinia?a aeoiaeo noni?euenoaa c e?ece, iiaoaeiae
aeaiie?aoe/ii? i?aaiai? aea?aeaae; ii-ae?oaa, oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie
iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino? a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie iineeththoue ?ioa?an
aei aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e naiai ia?iaeo, eiai ieioeiai ? no/aniiai, a
ioaea, c?inoa? ?ioa?an aei aaciina?aaei?o oai?oe?a eoeueoo?ieo
oe?iiinoae – e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??.

Anaa?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie aeicaieeoue aeeaoa c?icoi?oe, ye
a?aeaoaaeeny i?ioeane noaiiaeaiiy oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie ? ia?o?eii?
iiiiiie?? ia ?ioaeaeooaeueiee ?icaeoie noni?euenoaa, ui ii?iaeaeoaaei
i?e/eie iaeaooiuei? e?ece ?aaeyinueeiai ?aaeeio oa aaaaoueio iaaa?acae?a
no/aniiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie a eoeueoo?i?e noa??, nioe?aeuei?e na?aeiiino?
a?iiaaeyi, i?aeaaeeiao ?o ii?aeueiiai aeeooy. Aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy
i?ioean?a eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie a 1920-o? ??., iaa?oiooaaiiy
an?o neeaaeieo ? iaiaeiicia/ieo yaeu i?ioeano oe?a?i?caoe??, aecia/aiiy
i?noey ? ?ie? a oeeo i?ioeanao oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei?
?ioae?aaioe??, aiae?c aca?iia?aeiinei inoaiiuei? c i?aaey/ei ?aaeeiii –
ona oea aeiiiiiaea iie?oeeai oaia? ? a iaeaooiueiio ia aeiionoeoe
iiaoi?aiiy aaaaoueio iiieeie iiia?aaei?o aoai?a ?icaeoeo e?a?ie.

Ioaea, aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie coiiaeth?oueny ia
eeoa iaiao?aei?noth ?? iaoiaeieia?/iiai ia?ainieneaiiy, a e iio?aaith
?noi??inionueeiai i?aeoiaeo aei ieoaiue “E?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea
?ioae?aaioe?y ? oai?/?noue” a oioae?oa?i?e nenoai?, ii?iaoeaii-oe?ii?ni?
e?eoa??? ioe?iee ae?yeueiino? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??
?aaeyinueei? aeiae.

Aecia/ath/e aeooaeuei?noue oa cia/aiiy iinoaaeaii? oaie, aaoi?, ia?o ca
ana, aeoiaeeea c ?? iaaeinoaoiuei? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee a ?noi?e/i?e
e?oa?aoo??. Ia?aia oaia a caaeoiaiiio ieai? ia aoea ua ia’?eoii
niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia aeeaey/enue ia ?? aeooaeuei?noue a
iaoeiaiio, i?aeoe/iiio ? aeoiaiiio a?aeiioaiiyo. Oiio iac??ea iio?aaa ??
?ic?iaee ia iniia? a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a oa iaoa??ae?a c o?aooaaiiyi
no/anieo i?aeoiae?a aei iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia’?eoii ?noi?e/iiai aiae?co ? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea ?ioae?aaioe?y
Oe?a?ie ye noni?eueii-i?ioan?eia a?oia, ui ia? nai?
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?, nioe?ieoeueoo?i? oa aoe/i? iniaeeaino? c ??
niaoeeo?/iei aoooyi a oiiaao oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie..

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noaiiaeua,
noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? iiceoe?? oa iniiai? iai?yiee ? oi?ie
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ae?yeueiino? ?ioae?aaioe?? a oiiaao
oe?a?i?caoe?? 1923 – ii/aoeo 1930-o ??. oa ?? cai?oaiiy
oioae?oa?ii-?ai?aneaiei ?aaeeiii. ?ic?eaath/e e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeo
ae?yeuei?noue ?ioae?aaioe??, aaoi? a?aoiaoaaea oa, ui i?ioiaeeea a
?aieao cian?i ?ioiai oi?aa?noio eoeueoo?e, coiiaeaiiai oioae?oa?iith
nenoaiith.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aneththoue oa?eoi??th
Oe?a?inueei? N?? ia??iaeo 1920 — ii/.30-o ??. o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai iiae?eo. Aeei?enoaiiy o ?iaio? iacae
“Oe?a?ia” noino?oueny eeoa oa?eoi??? ON??, yea aoiaeeea oiae? aei
neeaaeo N?N?.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeena?oaoe?? ioiieththoue 1923 — ii/.1930-o ??. –
a?ae io?oe?eiiai i?iaieioaiiy iie?oeee oe?a?i?caoe?? aei iinooiiaiai
iaiaaeaiiy ? cai?oaiiy ??, i?eaoooy a Oe?a?io I.Iinoeoaaa ? ii/aoeo
ianiaeo ?ai?an?e. Oaea /aniaa iiea, ia iao iiaeyae, aeicaiey?
i?inoaaeeoe ?ieue ? aianie e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iee ?icaeoie Oe?a?ie ia ??cieo aoaiao
oe?a?i?caoe??, aae aei ?? cai?oaiiy. Aaoi? /anii na?aeiii aeoiaeeoue ca
icia/ai? o?iiieia?/i? iaae? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ine?eueee
eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee uiaei ?ioae?aaioe??
caeeaaeaeeny ua c ia?oeo ii?aaiethoe?eieo ?ie?a, oi/ iiai?noth aoee
noi?iiaai? i?ioyaii 1920-o ??. Ie??i oiai, i?iaieioaia ?aaeyinueeei
o?yaeii iie?oeea oe?a?i?caoe?? aeey oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? noaea,
oaeoe/ii, ?aaeueiith iiaeeea?noth i?iaeiaaeeoe ?icii/aoee a ia??iae OI?
i?ioean iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie a io?oe?eii
aeicaieaieo ?aieao.

Aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie coiiaeee iaoo
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiia aecia/a?oueny oei, uia ia iniia? aiae?co a?o?aieo
aeaea?ae, ia??iaeeee 1920-o – ii/.30-o ??., iioae?eiaaieo aeieoiaio?a oa
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieacaoe noaiiaeua oa ae?yeuei?noue
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a oiiaao ci?oeiaiiy ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee; ?ice?eoe ?? ?ieue a iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie
a eiioaeno? iie?oeee oe?a?i?caoe??; aeyaeoe aianie ?ioae?aaioe?? o
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e a e?oa?aoo?? ? ienoaoeoa?, a
i?aeianaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, iineeaii?
eiai aea?aeaaieoeueeeo iano?i?a; aena?oeeoe caoai? iane?aeee cai?oaiiy
oe?a?i?caoe?? aeey iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie oa eiai
oai?oe?a – e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

-i?iaiae?coaaoe iie?oeeo ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio ieoaii?, ye ae??oaeueiiai oaeoi?o, ui
aecia/aa noaiiaeua e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a noni?eueiiio
aeeoo? 1920-o – ii/.30-o ??;

-ia iniia? no/anieo iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a ?ice?eoe
noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? iiceoe?? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a
oiiaao iie?oeee oe?a?i?caoe??;

-iieacaoe niaoeeo?eo aca?iia?aeiinei e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? ? ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, aeyaeoe i?iyae iii?o ae?y/?a
e?oa?aoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa noaiiaeaiith oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie;

-i?iaiae?coaaoe iniiai? iai?yiee ? oi?ie e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei?
ae?yeueiino? ?ioae?aaioe?? a i?ioean? iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
?icaeoeo;

-?ice?eoe aianie e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? Oe?a?ie a
?icaeoie iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e;

-aeyaeoe ?ieue ae?y/?a e?oa?aoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa a aeooiaiiio aeeoo?
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, i?aeaeuaii? eiai iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?;

-iieacaoe aieea cai?oaiiy oe?a?i?caoe?? ia aeeooy ? oai?/?noue
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??, ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy
iaoa??aeo aia?oa aeine?aeaeo?oueny noaiiaeua oa ae?yeuei?noue
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a oiiaao iie?oeee oe?a?i?caoe??
1923 – ii/.1930-o ??., aena?oeththoueny ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?
?ioae?aaioe?? oa ?? aianie a iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iee ?icaeoie Oe?a?ie
a aaeocyo e?oa?aoo?e, ia?acioai?/iai ienoaoeoaa, ioceee, oaao?o ? e?ii.
A oeaio? aeine?aeaeaiiy iinoaaeaii i?eioeei ia?niiae?cio, ui aeicaiey?
aena?oeeoe i?iaeaio /a?ac i?ecio aeie? ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e, ?iaia yeeo
aeiaaee /an aoee eeoa i?eeeaaeiei oaeoi?ii a ?noi??? eoeueoo?e.

Aieea ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a ia oai?/o ae?yeuei?noue
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?ae eooii ci?o
?aeaieia?caoe?? oa iie?oecaoe?? eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy
? ci?oeiaiiy oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie

O aeine?aeaeaii? aia?oa aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao aaaaeaii iaoa??aee a?o?a?a,
ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue 1920-o – ii/.30-o ??., ai?noiey?ii? niaaeueie
i?aaenoaaiee?a oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe??, ye? aeicaieythoue ii-iiaiio
aeyiooe ia neeaaeiee i?ioean aca?iia?aeiinei ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaieo
no?oeoo? ? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??, ?? ae?yeueiino? a
oiiaao noia?a/eeaiai eo?no oe?a?i?caoe??.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
neeaaeathoue ooiaeaiaioaeuei? oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee i?i nioe?aeuei?
aniaeoe oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? ?ioae?aaioe??, ii?ie ? oe?iiino? ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee, aoaio ?ioae?aaioa-ieooey oa eiai a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ia?aae
noni?euenoaii, i?i nioe?aeuei? oe?iiino? noni?euenoaa, e?eoa???
oeea?e?ciaaiiai noni?euenoaa oa ?i. Aaoi? ea?oaaeany i?eioeeiaie
ia’?eoeaiino?, ?noi?ecio, i??i?eoaoo oaeo?a, caaaeueiiethaenueeeo
oe?iiinoae, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ia’?eoeaiee aiae?c iiae?e oa yaeu.
Aeena?oaioea aeei?enoiao? iaoiaee ?noi?e/ii-ii??aiyeueiiai ?
nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai aiae?co, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
aecia/aiiy noni?eueieo yaeu, a oaeiae aacoaaeany ia
o?iiieia?/ii-i?iaeaiiiio aeeeaae? iaoa??aeo c ?noi???
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? 1920-o – ii/.30-o ??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui iniiai? ??
?acoeueoaoe oa oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
iaienaii? ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe??,
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e 1920-o – ii/aoeo 1930 ??., i?e ?ic?iaoe?
eaeoe?eieo oa niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a.

Iaoeiaa ai?iaaoe?y iniiaieo iieiaeaiue ?iaioe i?iaiaeeeany ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 400-??//th a?ae Aeiy
ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaeaoiiai aea?aeaaiiai, iie?oe/iiai ? a?enueeiaiai ae?y/a
– Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai (Ia?ayneaa-Oi., 1995?.), ia i’yo?e
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiee
?icaeoie a Oe?a?i? oa noai oe?a?inueei? aoi?/iino? a ae?anii??” (Ee?a,
1997 ?.), ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
aaciaee oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? ia ii?ic? OO? noi??//y” (Ee?a, 1998 ?.), a
oaeiae ia iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e ?noi??? ? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie
Ia?ayneaa-Oiaeueieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo
?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 8 iaoeiaeo noaooyo, ye? aa?eoee aei ca??iee?a “Iaoeia?
caienee c oe?a?inueei? ?noi???” (aeione IV, V, VI), “Ia?ayneaanueea
caiey ? na?o ethaeeie” (1998 ?.), “A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea” (aeione 39, 1998 ?.) oa aeo?iaeo “??aeia oeiea” (?9,
1998 ?.).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?noi??ia?ao?y oa aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy”
c?iaeaii ?noi??ia?ao?/iee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e oa i?iaiae?ciaaii
aeaea?aeueio aaco ?iaioe.

O ?noi??ia?ao?/i?e niaaeuei? ne?ae aeae?eeoe aeaa ye?nii a?aei?iieo
ia??iaee aea/aiiy i?iaeaie — ?aaeyinueeee oa iino?aaeyinueeee. Ia?oee
ia? nai? oiiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith
nooi?iith iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo ciaiue i?i e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeo
?ioae?aaioe?th, iie?oe/ieie oa ?aeaieia?/ieie iaoa?oaaiiyie uiaei ??
ae?yeueiino?, iaoeiaeie ia?aaeeaiaie.

I?ioyaii 1920-o ??. i?iaeaiai ?ioae?aaioe?? i?eae?eyee oaaao oae?
ia?o?ei? ae?y/? a iaeano? eoeueoo?e ? ina?oe, ye A.A?eiueei, ss.?yiii,
I.Ne?eiieeA?eiueei A. I/a?aaeiua caaea/e niaaoneiai no?ieoaeuenoaa
iaeanoe i?inaauaiey.-O., 1920.-44n.; ?yiiiss. ?aaeyinueea nooaeaionoai
(Oa?aeoa?enoeea aoc?a Oe?a?ie).-O., 1928.- 48 n.; Eiai ae. ?aoi?ia
aunoae oeieu ia Oe?aeia a aiaeu ?aaiethoeee (1820-1924): Na. no. e
aeiee.-O., 1925.-153n.; Ne?eiiee I. iaoe?iiaeuei? ia?aoeiee.-O.: Aea?ae.
aeaeaai. Oe?a?ie, 1930.-136 n.; Eiai ae. Iia? e?i?? a
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio aoae?aieoeoa?.-O., 1930.-60 n.

. I?aoe? inoaiiueiai, cie?aia, a?aeaeaathoue, noia?a/eea?noue ?
iaiine?aeiai?noue ?aaeyinueei? iie?oeee a iaoe?iiaeueiiio ieoaii?.
Oe?eaa? aeai? ai?uothoue iaoa??aee, i?enay/ai? aena?oeaiith caoiae?a,
caaaeaiue, o?oaeiiu?a oa aeinyaiaiue oe?a?i?caoe?? Ca??iee iinoaiia,
?ino?oeoe?e oa iaoa??ae?a a ni?aa? oe?a?i?caoe??.-A?oai?anueea, 1928.-37
n.; Iaieoieia A. Iaoeeiiaeueiay iieeoeea e caaea/e Niaaoia.-I.: aeanoue
Niaaoia, 1930.-48 n.; Oacenu ieaioia Oee EI/a/ O ia eoiaao
oe?aeiecaoeee.-Ieine, 1926.-14 n. oa ?i.. Aee?eaaeuei? noaoo? i?ioe
iaoe?iiae-ooeeueieoeoaa ia “eoeueoo?iiio o?iio?” ?ice?eaathoue
noni?eueii-iie?oe/io aoiinoa?o e?ioey 1920-ii/. 30-o ?? Aoiaoia E.
Oe?a?inueea eiio??aaiethoe?y ia eoeueoo?iiio e e?oa?aoo?iiio o?iio?.
I?iiiaa ia i?ann? NAO.-O., 1930.-48 n.; Ne?eiiee I. Aei oai??? ai?ioueae
aeaio eoeueoo?.-O., 1928.-70 n., ?i..

C na?aaeeie 1930-o — aei na?aaeeie 80- o ??. iiaia ia?aiiaa a Oe?a?i?
oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio oiaiiaeeeaeea i?iaaaeaiiy ia’?eoeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeaie e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? ia??iaeo
oe?a?i?caoe??. Caeioaa/aiiy aeoeaieo o/aniee?a
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie a ao?aeoaciiio iaoe?iiae?ci?
i?ecaaei aei caai?iie oe?eiai ?yaeo aecia/aieo ?iai oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e oa ?o oai??a. ?noi??ia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeyinueeiai
ia??iaeo, a ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino?, i?enay/ai? aai an?e ?ioae?aaioe??
Nineei A.E. Eaiei, ?aaiethoeey, eioaeeeaaioeey. -Iiaineae?ne: Iaoea,
1973.-108 n.; Oaaetheei N.A. Ia?oey e eioaeeeaaioeey.-I.: Ecae-ai
iieeo.eeo., 1983.-238 n.; Oea/iaa E.?. ?ioae?aaioe?y ?aaeyinueei?
Oe?a?ie a ia??iae iiaoaeiae iniia nioe?ae?cio.-E.: Iaoe. aeoiea,
1985.-190 n. oa ?i., aai ie?aiei aaeocyi eoeueoo?e, aea ?iaia
i?aaenoaaiee?a e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? caaaeoaaeeny eeoa
ye i?eeeaaeiee oaeoi? Ai?ae?e/oe I.I. Oe?a?inueea ?aaeyinueea ioceea.
Ia?en.-E., 1957.-43 n.; Ei?i??iei ?.N. Oe?a?inueea ?aaeyinueea
e?iiienoaoeoai //1917-1929 -E.; 1959.-142 n.; ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e ca ?iee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee.-E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1967.-368 n. oa
?i.. Iniaeeai iiioey?iei i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ?aaeyinueea
aeaaea ? noa?? niaoe?ae?noe, i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy iiai? ?ioae?aaioe??
Eciaiaiey nioeeaeueiie no?oeoo?u niaaoneiai iauanoaa. 1921-na?aaeeia
30-o aiaeia.-I.: Iuneue, 1979.-343 n.; Eo?iinia TH.I., Aiiaea? A.A. O
iaa/aii? oa i?aoe? (I?aeaioiaea eaae??a ?ioae?aaioe?? ? Oe?a?inuee?e
?N?).-E.: Iaoe.aeoiea, 1964.-343 n.; I/a?ee ?acaeoey
nioeeaeueii-eeanniaie no?oeoo?u ONN? 1917-1937.-E.: Iaoe. aeoiea,
1987.-238 n.; Niaaoneay eioaeeeaaioeey (Enoi?ey oi?ie?iaaiey e ?inoa
1917-1965 aa.).-I.: Iuneue, 1968.-432 n.. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeyinueeiai
ia??iaeo iicia/ai? ?aeaieia?/ieie ooaiiaie, oe?eeii a?aeaeaathoue aaaee
noni?euenoaa ? /ano a yeiio noai?thaaeeny.

Iiaee ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? ?ioae?aaioe?? ?icii/aany ia iaae?
1980-90-o ??. No/anio e?oa?aoo?o, yea noino?oueny oaie “Noaiiaeua oa
ae?yeuei?noue e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
oe?a?i?caoe?? (1923 ?. ii/aoie 1930 ??.)” oiiaii iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia o?e
a?oie. Cie?aia, oea aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui ?icaeyaeathoue ??ci? aniaeoe
i?ioeano oe?a?i?caoe?? Ai?aa/ I. oe?a?i?caoe?y: ceao ? o?aaaae?y
/AEiaoaiue.-1989.-?2.-N.78-84; Aeaieeaiei A.I. Aei aeoie?a iie?oeee
“oe?a?i?caoe??” //Oe?a?ia OO no.: eoeueoo?a, ?aeaieia?y, iie?oeea.
Ca??iee noaoae.-E., 1993.-177 n.: Aeaoeaae/ ss.?. Oe?a?i?caoe?y: i?e/eie
? iane?aeee //Neiai ? /an.-1990.-? 8.-N.55-64 oa ?i. . Aiie
aiae?cothoue iaoe?iiaeueio iie?oeeo ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a Oe?a?i? a
oiiaao yei? aeeei oai?/a iieie?iiy 1920-o-ii/.30-o ??. Aei ae?oai? a?oie
iaeaaeaoue i?aoe?, i?enay/ai?, aeania i?iaeaiai ?ioae?aaioe?? aeaiiai
ia??iaeo. C’yaeeeny aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??ci? aniaeoe
nioe?aeueiiai oaiiiaio ?ioae?aaioe??, ?? i?noey ? ?ie? a noni?euenoa?
Eaaiia-?icoiiee.*oi oaeia eioaeeeaaioeey? //Eioaeeeaaioeey. Aeanoue.
Ia?iae. Aioieiaey.-I.: Iaoea, 1993.-N.73-80; Aiaeaie/ N.?. ie ia ie, ? y
ia y. Iaoe?iiaeuei? ae?oe oa oe?a?iiciaanoai //oe?a?ia.-1995.-? 21-22.
N.5-7; Iiieaanueea AE. Oaiiiai ae?oe, aai ye iicaooeny eiiieaeno
ae?oai?yaeiino? ? i?ia?ioe?ae?cio //oe?a?ia.-1995.-? 7-8.-N.10-11 oa
?i.. A oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? 1990-o ??. i?iaeaie ?ioae?aaioe??
iaea?eueo iiaii ? ??ciia?/ii aena?oeththoueny a i?aoeyo A.I.Aeaieeaiea,
N.A.Eoeue/eoeueeiai, A.A.Eanueyiiaa Aeaieeaiei A.I., Eanueyiia A.A.,
Eoeue/eoeueeee N.A. Noae?i?ci ia Oe?a?i?: 20-30-o? ?iee. E.: Eea?aeue,
1991.-342 n.; Eanueyiia A.A., Aeaieeaiei A.I. Noae?i?ci ? oe?a?inueea
?ioae?aaioe?y /20-30-? ?iee.-E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1991.-96 n.; Eanueyiia A.
Oe?a?inueea ?ioae?aaioe?y 1920-o — 30-o ?ie?a: nioe?aeueiee ii?o?ao oa
?noi?e/ia aeiey.-E.: Aeiaon, A?e; Aaeiiioii: Eaiaaenueeee ?inoeooo
oe?a?inueeeo nooae?e Aeueaa?onueeiai Oi?aa?neoaoo, 1992.-176n..
Ocaaaeueithth/ee oa?aeoa? ia? ?iaioa “Ia?ene ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? (ia?oa iieiaeia OO no.)” Ia?ene ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? (ia?oa iieiaeia OO no.). O 3-o ei. /Ca ?aae. TH.I.
Eo?iiniaa.-E., 1994.-Ei.2.-172n.. ?ai?aneai? ae?? ?aaeyinueeiai o?yaeo
i?ioe oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? acaaae? ? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? , cie?aia, ciaeoee oe?iea a?aeia?aaeaiiy o oe?eiio ?yae?
niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue Aieaaieue/aiei A. “NAO”: noae iaae
ia?aeiiaiiyie //A?o/ecia.-1989.-?11.-N.159-179; AEa?oau ?ai?anee /TH.N.
Oai/ooaiei e ae?.-E.: TH?eioi?i, 1993.-277 n.; Noa?iaieoiaa N.
Iani?aaaaeeeai caaoo? ?iaia: ae?y/? oe?a?inueei? oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? a
?iee eoeueoo iniae Noae?ia.-E., 1991.-41 n. oa ?i.. C’yaeeany aaeeea
e?euee?noue ioae?eaoe?e, i?enay/aieo a?iiaaenuee?e oa oai?/?e
ae?yeueiino? a?aeiieo i?aaenoaaiee?a e?oa?aoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa Oe?a?ie
Aa?aiaaei ?. Aein? iaciaiee na?oia? //Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a.-1996.-?
5.-N.28; A?eaoeueeee I. nai???aeiee iaenoa? a?ao?ee //Ia?acioai?/a
ienoaoeoai.-1992.-?2.-N.38-40; A?thoiaaoeueea E. Na?o aeaaieie o
“Caaieai??” Aeiaaeaiea //E?iioaao?.-1995.-?1.-N.45-47; Aaieaei ?.
Ieoaoeue ao?aiiiai /ano //Ioceea.-1996.-?3.-N.18 oa ?i., ye?
aena?oeththoue ?o o/anoue a iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio aoae?aieoeoa?
Oe?a?ie.

Cia/iee ca ianyaii iaoa??ae c i?iaeai e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei?
ae?yeueiino? ?ioae?aaioe?? a ia??iae oe?a?i?caoe?? aea? o?aoy a?oia
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e Aeai/aiei
I.A. eoeueoo?ia aoae?aieoeoai ia Oe?a?i? ca ?iee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee
/1917-1990 ??/.-E.: Aeae-ii Ee?a. oi-oo, 1992.-91 n.; Iiiiae/ I.A. Ia?en
?noi??? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie.-E.: A?oae, 1998.-728 n.. oa ie?aiei ??
iai?yieai: e?oa?aoo??, ioceoe?, oaao?o ?noi??y oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e
OO noie?ooy: O 2 ei./?aae. A.A. Aeii/ee.-E.: Eea?aeue, 1993.-Ei.1.-784
n.; ?noi??y oe?a?inueei? ioceee: A 6 o. /I.I. Ai?ae?e/oe oa ?i.-E.:
Iaoe. aeoiea, 1992.-O.4.-601 n.; *a/aeue I. Oe?a?inueea oaao?aeueia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy.-E., 1993.-144 n..

?noi?e/io niaaeueio ?noi??? ?ioae?aaioe?? nooo?ai aeiiiaiththoue
aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy Eanueyiia A.A. ?ioae?aaioe?y ?aaeyinueei?
Oe?a?ie 1920-o — 30-o ?ie?a: nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/iee aiae?c: Aeen. …
aeieo.?no.i.-E., 1993.-379 n.; Ianiaiei A.A. Noni?eueii-iie?oe/i?
iiceoe?? ?ioae?aaioe?? Oe?a?ie a 1921-1928 ??.: Aeen. …
eaiae.?no.i.-E., 1993.-239 n.; Nayoiaiei A.A. Noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie
aoc?a eoeueoo?e e ienoaoeoaa a Oe?a?i? a ?aaeyinueeee ia??iae: Aeen…
eaiae. ?no.i.-E., 1996.-220 n. oa ?i., ye? aiae?cothoue ie?ai? aniaeoe
noaiiaeua, iiceoe?e, eoeueoo?ii-a?iiaaenueei? ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? a 1920-o? ??.

Iiaia aena?oeaiiy ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c i?iaeaiaie
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a ia??iae oe?a?i?caoe??, aea?
e?oa?aoo?a oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e. Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c a?eueoiaeoeueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee i?noyoue ?iaioe A.Einothea Einothe A.I.
Noae?i?ci a Oe?a?i?: /Aaiaca ? iane?aeee/: Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
niinoa?aaeaiiy no/anieea.-E.: Niieineei, 1995.-508 n.; Eiai ae. Oai??y ?
ae?eni?noue. Aei i?iaeaie aea/aiiy oai???, oaeoeee ? no?aoaa??
a?eueoiaecio a iaoe?iiaeueiiio ieoaii?. ?noi?eei-e?eoe/iee ia?en.-A.i.,
No/ani?noue, 1971.-148 n.. Ie?ai? aniaeoe oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, o/ano? a iueiio ?ioae?aaioe??
oa iane?aeee iia?iio a oe?a?inuee?e eoeueoo?? aena?oeththoue i?aoe?
I.Aieoaaiea, O.Aoi/aea, I.Nai/eoeia Aieoaaiei I. Oe?a?ia ? ?in?y o na?o?
eoeueoo?ieo aca?iei.-E.: Aei?i?i, 1993.-447 n.; Aoi/ae O. Oe?a?ia: ia?oa
iieiaeia OO noie?ooy. Ia?ene iie?oe/ii? ?noi???.-E.: Eea?aeue, 1993.-288
n.; Nai/eoei I. oeny/a ?ie?a oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e.-E.: AO “Ae?oaa
?oea”, II “Oai?en”, 1993.-550n.. ?ai?an?? i?ioe e?oa?aoo?ii?
?ioae?aaioe?? ?ice?eoi a ?iaioao TH.Eaa??iaiea, A.Iao?iaa Eaa??i?iea TH.
?icno??eyia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy. Aioieia?y 1917-1933.-Ithioai, 1959.-980 n.;
Iao?ia A. Ae?y/? oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e /1920-1940 ??./ aea?oae
a?eueoiaeoeueeiai oa?i?o.-E.: Aine?an?iiy, 1992.-80 n..

Ia aeeaey/enue ia cia/io e?euee?noue i?aoeue, e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea
?ioae?aaioe?y Oe?a?ie 1920-o — ii/.30-o ??. Ua ia noaea ia’?eoii
niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a/aieo-?noi?ee?a. A?eueo?noue caaaeaieo
i?aoeue ?icaeyaeathoue ?ioae?aaioe?th a oe?eiio a eiioaeno?
iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee ia?o??. Caeeoeeeny iica oaaaith aeine?aeiee?a
oae? i?iaeaie, ye iniaeeaino? noaiiaeua oa ae?yeueiino?
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a oioae?oa?iiio noni?euenoa?, ??
aca?iia?aeiineie c aeaaeith oa ?i.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue ye iioae?eiaai?, oae ?
iaiioae?eiaai? iaoa??aee i’yoe oeaio?aeueieo a?o?a?a Oe?a?ie. Oea,
ianaiia?aae, iaoa??aee Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao
a?iiaaeyinueeeo ia’?aeiaiue Oe?a?ie. Cie?aia aeieoiaioe Oeaio?aeueiiai
Eii?oaoo Eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? Oe?a?ie /O.?./, ui aeathoue ciiao
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iie?oeeo ia?o?? a iaoe?iiaeueiiio ieoaii?, a noa??
eoeueoo?e oa noiniaii ?ioae?aaioe??.

?icai?iooo oyao i?i iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ia aoae?aieoeoai a Oe?a?i? a
oiiaao oe?a?i?caoe?? a 1920-o — ia ii/.30-o ??. aeathoue iaoa??aee
Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao aeueo i?aaiao aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy
Oe?a?ie. Cie?aia, oiiae Anaoe?a?inueea ?aaea i?ioni?eie /AO?IN/ /O.2605/
ai?uo? iaoa??aee i?i o?ae oe?a?i?caoe?? a noa?? eoeueoo?e, c ae?oaiai
aieo, a?aeae?a? i?ioean oi?o?eaoe?? eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy a Oe?a?i?
/iineeaiiy ?aeaieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ca ae?yeuei?noth ?ioae?aaioe?? /a?ac
?iaioo i?ioni?eie, i?aai?caoe?th ia?enenonueei? e?eoeee oiui/.
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i o/anoue e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a
i?ioean? iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie oa ii/aoie
?aeaieia?/iiai ianooio oioae?oa?ecio ia caeiaooee oe?a?i?caoe?? i?noyoue
oiiaee Ia?eiiin O?N? /O.166/, IEAN O?N? /O.5/, Aean sseiae/ *oaa?
/O.4402/ oa ?i.

Aaoi? caeo/eea eiiieaen iaoa??ae?a ?inoeoooo ?oeiien?a Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a?ae?ioaee ?i. A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai, ui aeicaieythoue i?iaiae?coaaoe oiiae
aeeooy oa ae?yeuei?noue e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? Oe?a?ie,
?? oai?/? oa a?iiaaenuee? iiceoe??. Oea oiiaee Ioce/iiai oiaa?enoaa ?i.
I.Eaiioiae/a /O.50/, EiceoeueeiaiI.I. /O.OOO?O/, Aecaai?anueeiai A.O.
/O.67/, Ai?uaiea E.?. /O.55/.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aena?oeaiiy i?iaeaie iathoue iaoa??aee
Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao-iocath e?oa?aoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa
Oe?a?ie. Oae iniaeno? oiiaee A?iie ?.?. /O.358/, Aeiaaeaiea I.I.
/O.690/, Ieeeoaiea ?.E. /O.675/, I?aeiiaeeueiiai A.I. /O.107/, Aaa?yiiai
?. /O.1186/, Ca?iaa I.E. /O.28/ a?aeia?aaeothoue oai?/o ae?yeuei?noue
ienoaoeueei?, oaao?aeueii? oa e?oa?aoo?ii? ?ioae?aaioe??, i?noyoue
iaoa??aee i?i eoeueoo?ia aeeooy Oe?a?ie ia??iaeo oe?a?i?caoe??.

Aeey ?ice?eooy ?ai?aneaii? iie?oeee oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio uiaei
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? aaeeea cia/aiiy iathoue iaoa??aee
Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie. Eenoe, cayae, caienee
nae?aoii-iie?oe/iiai a?aeae?eo AIO ONN? oa ?io? aeieoiaioe, ui
i?noyoueny a a?o?a?, aeathoue ciiao neeanoe oyaeaiiy i?i ?iaioo
ea?aeueieo i?aai?a, caniaaie yeeo aaea c e?ioey 1920-o ??. a?aeaoaaany
iia?ii iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie oa eiai
i?aaenoaaiee?a — e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??.

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie “Noaiiaeua oa
ae?yeuei?noue e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
oe?a?i?caoe?? /?923 ?.-ii/aoie 1930-o ??./” ? ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy.
Aeine?aeieeii aeei?enoaii ? aaaaeaii a iaoeiaee ia?a iaoa??aee iiiaae
100 ioae?eaoe?e oiai/anieo ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue, oaeeo ye: aeo?iaee
“AEeooy e ?aaiethoe?y”, “Aa?eeaaee oaao?o”, “Ioceea” (“Ioceea ianai”),
“Aaie?oa”, “Oeyo aei eiioi?cio”, “?aaiethoeey e eoeueoo?a”, “AEeciue
eneonnoaa”, “Iaoea ia Oe?a?i?”; aacaoe “E?oa?aoo?a, iaoea, ienoaoeoai”,
“Eiioi?no”, “A?no? AOOeAE”, “*an”, “A?iiaaenueeee aiein”, “?onneee
aiein”, “Iaoa neiai”, “Iiaee /an”, “Ae?ei”. Noi??iee ia??iaeeee
ai?uothoue aaaaoee ? ??ciia?/iee e?eoe/iee iaoa??ae, ye
ia?o?eii-?aaeyinueeeo no?oeoo?, oae ? iicaia?o?eii? ienoaoeueei?
e?eoeee, ui ?ice?eaa? ci?no oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? ooaeiaeiuei?
?ioae?aaioe??, ?? o/anoue o cae?eniaii? oe?a?i?caoe?? eoeueoo?iiai oa
noni?eueii-a?iiaaenueeiai aeeooy, aena?oeth? eiie?aoiee aianie
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iee
?icaeoie Oe?a?ie, a cia/i?e i??? a?aeaeaa? noni?eueii-a?iiaaenueeo
iiceoe?th e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? oa caoiaee ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee a noa?? eoeueoo?e. E??i oiai, aeo?iaeuei? oa aacaoi? noaoo?
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue i?ine?aeeoaaoe ci?io ia?o?eii? iie?oeee noiniaii
?ioae?aaioe?? i?ioyaii 1920-o — ia ii/.30-o ??.

Aeiiiaith? iacaai? a?oie aeaea?ae iaioa?ia e?oa?aoo?a, yea aea? ciiao
ioe?ieoe oiai/anio neooaoe?th c o?aooaaiiyi oi/ee ci?o o/aniee?a
oai?/iai i?ioeano ia??iaeo oe?a?i?caoe??, a cia/i?e i??? ?ice?eaa?
noni?eueii-a?iiaaenueeo iiceoe?th e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??
a oiiaao ci?oeiaiiy ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee. Oea, cie?aia, niiaaaee i?i
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea oa a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ia aeeooy 1920-ii/.30-o
??. i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e A.Einothea, TH.Niiee/a,
A.Aioiiaiea-Aeaaeaeiae/a, ?.Aii/a?a oa ?i Einothe A. Cono??/? e
i?iuaiiy. Niiaaaee.-Aaeiiioii: Eaiaaenueeee ?inoeooo oe?a?inueeeo
nooae?e, Aeueaa?onueeee oi?aa?neoao, 1987.-Ei.1.-743 n.; Niiee/ TH.
?iciia?aeue i?i ianiie?e.-E.: ?aaeyinueeee ienueiaiiee, 1968.-288 n.;
Aioiiaiei-Aeaaeaeiae/ A. Iiaa a iie?oeoe? e iaaeeoeei? //?icaoaeiaa
aea?aeaae.-1995.-?12.-N.33-38; Aii/a? ?. Niiaaaee //Iai’yoee
Oe?a?ie.-1991.-?3.-N.60-62., aeeoo?iene oa eenoe a?aeiieo ae?y/?a
eoeueoo?e AEeoo?iene oe?a?inueeeo ieooe?a /Ioae?eaoe?y oa i?ei?oee
I.?eaaeee //Ia?acioai?/a ienoaoeoai.-1990.-?6.-N.15-17; Aa?iaaeneee A.E.
“ss aa?th a neeo naiaiaeiie iunee …” /Ienueia E.E.Iao?oieaae/o/
//Iiaue ie?.-1989.-?12.-N.204-221; Eiieoey I. I?enay/aia iaeno?o
//Ioceea.-1995.-?4.-N.6-9., caienee uiaeaiiee?a N.I.?o?aiiaa,
I.Ae?ae-Oia?e Eeoea? aeooo /O?aaiaioe c uiaeaiieea N.I.?o?aiiaa/
/Ia?aaei. oa ioae.A.Oiaeaaa //Ee?anueea noi?iaeia.-1992.-?1.-N.38-51;
Ae?ae-Oia?a I. C uiaeaiiee?a //E?oa?aoo?ia Oe?a?ia .-24 o?aaiy 1990 ?..

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oe?a?i?caoe?y ye can?a caeo/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? ia a?e ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee”
aiae?co?oueny iaoe?iiaeueia oa eoeueoo?ia iie?oeea a?eueoiaee?a a
Oe?a?i?, yea iaoiiaethaaea nioe?aeueia noaiiaeua
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a ?aaeyinueeiio noni?euenoa?,
i?inoaaeothoueny i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy io?oe?eiiai eo?no noiniaii oai?/i?
?ioae?aaioe?? oa iaoai?cio ea??aieoeoaa ?? ae?yeuei?noth, iniaeeaino?
aca?iia?aeiinei i?aaenoaaiee?a oai?/eo i?ioan?e ? aeaaee a oiiaao
iie?oeee oe?a?i?caoe??.

O ?iaio? a?aecia/a?oueny, ui iie?oeea oe?a?i?caoe?? aeey ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee aoea ia ue?ei caoiaeii iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo
?aaeyinueeeo ?anioae?e, a caniaii aeey aeinyaiaiiy eiie?aoieo iie?oe/ieo
caaaeaiue, cie?aia: ci?oeiaiiy nai?o iiceoe?e a Oe?a?i?, anoaiiaeaiiy
ia?o?eii? iiiiiie?? a eoeueoo?? oa i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy eoeueoo?iiai
i?ioeano ?ioa?anai ?aaeyinueeiai ea??aieoeoaa, caeo/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? ia a?e aeaaee oa aeei?enoaiiy ??
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo aeey nioe?ae?noe/iiai eoeueoo?iiai
aoae?aieoeoaa. Ia?o?eia e?i?y a noa?? eoeueoo?e nea?iaoaaeany ia
i?iaaaeaiiy eoeueoo?ii? ?aaiethoe?? a e?a?i?, yea ia?aaeaa/aea ?aa?c?th
aai caia?a/aiiy eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie ieioeiai oa noai?aiiy iiai?
i?ieaoa?nueei? eoeueoo?e, ui iaea oai?eoenue eeaniai aeecueeeie oa
?aeaieia?/ii aeo?eiaieie ethaeueie. Oiio, aeaeea?oth/e na?e iaeo?ae?oao
a ieoaiiyo eoeueoo?e, c ii/aoeo 1920-o ??. ia?o?y acyea eo?n ia
i?aeo?eieo i?ieaoa?nueeeo ieooe?a oa ?oi? i?aai?caoe??, aei iiaiiai
caaacia/aiiy inoaii?i ea??aieo iiceoe?e a eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo?.

Oaeee eo?n noai?thaaa iani?eyoeea? oiiae aeeooy ? ae?yeueiino?
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??, yea ia ii/.1920-o ??. aoea
ia/enaeueiith ca e?euee?noth, aea iaea aaeeeo nioe?aeueio cia/ei?noue a
noni?euenoa?. E??i oiai, caaaeueia cieaeaiiy aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ianaeaiiy,
“caeeoeiaee” i?eioeei o?iainoaaiiy eoeueoo?ii? noa?e oa iaaeaaea
noaaeaiiy aeaaee aei ?icaeoeo ina?oi?o, ienoaoeueeeo, eoeueoo?ieo
caeeaae?a ni?e/eieee ne?ooia iaoa??aeueia noaiiaeua
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??.

Aeiiii?/ia, noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia noaiiaeua ?ioae?aaioe?? caeaaeaei a?ae
iie?oeee a?eueoiaeoeueei? ia?o??, yea ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai? aecia/aea
io?oe?eiee eo?n uiaei ia?. Ia?o?ei? aeeneon?? 1920-o ??. c ieoaiue
i?noey ? ?ie? ?ioae?aaioe?? a noni?eueiiio aeeoo?, ui oi?eaeeny e
ieoaiue naiaiaee oai?/ino?, cana?ae/eee ?nioaaiiy a ia?o?eieo eieao
aeaio iiceoe?e noiniaii ?ioae?aaioe??: ia?oa, a?aoiaoth/e niaoeeo?eo
eoeueoo?ii? noa?e, ia?aaeaa/aea a?eueo e?aa?aeueiee i?aeo?ae aei
oai?/ino? oa ?ioae?aaioe??; ae?oaa – iineeaiiy ?aeaieia?/iiai eiio?ieth
? ea??aieoeoaa i?ioan?eiith ae?yeuei?noth ?ioae?aaioe??, ?icaeyaeath/e
inoaiith, ye can?a aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaaii? iie?oe/ii? iaoe. A?aoo?,
aeii?ioth/ei noa? eo?n ia “?icoa?oaaiiy” noa?i? ?ioae?aaioe??, caeo/aiiy
ia a?e ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee ?? eiyeueii? /anoeie ? ai?ioueaa c
iiiceoe?eiith.

Iniaeea?noth aca?iia?aeiinei e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? c
?aaeyinueeith aeaaeith noaei oa, ui yeui oaoi?/ia ?ioae?aaioe?y iiaea
i?aoethaaoe ia iiao aeaaeo, aoaeo/e iaeo?aeueiith ? aiie?oe/iith, oi
aeey oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? ni?ai?aoey c a?eueoiaeoeueeei ?aaeeiii
aeiaaaea iaaii? na?oiaeyaeii? ia?ai???ioaoe??. Ine?eueee aieiaia i?n?y
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? caniaaie ienoaoeoaa oi?ioaaoe
noni?eueio aeoieo, a?iiaaenueeo iiceoe?th ianaeaiiy, oi aeaaea ia iiaea
cie?eoeny c iie?oe/iei iaeo?ae?oaoii ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e. Oiio aieiai?
coneeey ia?o?? ni?yiiaoaaeeny ia iie?oe/ia “aeoiaaiiy” oai?/i?
?ioae?aaioe??, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny ?aeaieia?caoe??th ? iie?oecaoe??th
eoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano a Oe?a?i? . Caniaaie iie?oe/iiai eiio?ieth ?
aieeao ia ?ioae?aaioe?th aoee oeaico?a, ia?o?eii-?aaeyinueea i?ana,
i?ioni?eee, ye? cae?enithaaee eiio?ieue ca ?? ae?yeuei?noth, ?iaioith
iaoeiai-a?iiaaenueeeo, ienoaoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e, caeeaae?a ina?oe oiui.
Ii?yae c oeei aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ?ai?aneai? caoiaee aea?aeaae, yea
ei?enooaaeany neeiaeie ia?aaaaaie aeey oiai, uia ii?aeueii ? o?ce/ii
ceiieoe iiiiaio?a.

Ia?ao?ae noa?oi? aaia?aoe?? ?ioae?aaioe?? ia a?e ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee
iniaeeai aaaeeee aoa aeey ae?y/?a e?oa?aoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa. *anoi iaa?oue
aeo?aeoe? c ?ia?oie/i-naeyinueeiai na?aaeiaeua ia ni?eeiaee ?aea?
?aaiethoe??. Ine?eueee aeey oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? aecia/aeueiei aoei iaoe?iiaeueia ieoaiiy, oi i?iaieioaiiy
1923 ?. iie?oeee oe?a?i?caoe?? i?eoaeaeoeei ?? ia?ao?ae aei
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c ?aaeyinueeith aeaaeith. Aeey oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?ii-oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? iie?oeea “oe?a?i?caoe??” icia/aea
eiii?ii?n, yeee aeaaaa iiaeeea?noue iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ii? ?icaoaeiae
Oe?a?ie. Oe?a?i?caoe?y iini?eyea i?ioeano caeeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? c aeaaeith, ci?oeiaiith eiyeueieo iiceoe?e uiaei ??
iie?oeee. Ui ae aei iie?oe/ieo iiceoe?e e?oa?aoo?ii-oai?/i?
?ioae?aaioe??, oi ia ii/aoie i?ioeano oe?a?i?caoe?? niinoa??aaany
cia/iee a?aeo?ae ?ioae?aaioe?? a?ae iie?oe/iiai aeeooy. A?eueoa /anoeia
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??, aeneiaethth/e eiyeuei?noue aei
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee oa ?? iie?oeee, nai?th oai?/?noth iaiaaaeany
a?aenoithaaoe caaaeueiiethaenuee?, aoiai?noe/i? oe?iiino?, oaeei /eiii,
iaa?eueii noath/e a iiiceoe?th oioae?oa?iiio ?aaeeiia?. Ii??
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? noaiiaeaiith oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie
ia iinea caaaeueiiai ? i?aai?ciaaiiai oa?aeoa?o, aea a?i ana ae oaee aoa
? i?iyaeany o a?aeiia? eoe ia “ni?ai?aoeth” c ia?o?eiei ?aaeeiii, a
oai?/eo aeeneon?yo, iii?? iie?oecaoe?? eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy, a iaiaaaii?
ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe aeaeea?iaai? aanea oe?a?i?caoe?? a ae?eni?noue, o
i?aeianaii? ia ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai, a naia iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
?icaeoeo ?anioae?ee, i???ioaoe?? ia e?au? c?acee na?oiai? eoeueoo?e
oiui.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “E?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea ae?yeuei?noue
?ioae?aaioe?? a oiiaao oe?a?i?caoe??” ?ice?eaa?oueny ?? aianie a
?icaeoie naiiaooiuei? oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e, aeaaaeaiiy inoaiiuei? ?c
noaio i?ia?ioe?eii? a?aenoaeino? aei na?oiaiai ??aiy, i?iaoaeaeaiiy
ienoaoeueeeie caniaaie iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

O ?icae?e? i?aee?aneth?oueny, “oe?a?i?caoe?y”, ai?iaaaeaeoaaia
a?eueoiaeeaie, ye oaeoeea caeeaeaiiy c oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii, cono??eany
c i?ioeanii iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, ui eoia cieco
aai?o. A cia/i?e i??? naia iie?oeea oe?a?i?caoe?? a?aeaoaaeany i?ae
iaoeneii iaoe?iiaeueii na?aeiii? /anoeie noni?euenoaa. Oiio eeth/iaa
?ieue o ?? cae?eniaii? iaeaaeaea ?ioae?aaioe??, aeey yei? aeaiee eo?n ia
i?aeoeoe? icia/aa aea?oneo?eaoe?th oa iiaeaeueoee
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iee ?icaeoie Oe?a?ie.

Naiia?aeaeaia i?aoey e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a i?ioean?
oai?aiiy iiai? eoeueoo?e aeaea aaaao? ieiaee: noai?thaaeany
iaoe?iiaeueia e?oa?aoo?ia eeaneea, oaeaeeeie oaiiaie ?icaeaaeiny
oe?a?inueea ienoaoeoai (oaao?, e?ii, ioceea, aeeaiien).

Coneeey e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? Oe?a?ie a 1920-o? ??.
aoee neiioeaio?iaai?, ii-ia?oa, ia aeaaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e c
a?aenoaeiai i?ia?ioe?eiiai noaiiaeua ia ?a?iiaenueeee oeyo ?icaeoeo;
ii-ae?oaa, caniaaie ooaeiaeiueiai neiaa oa ienoaoeoaa iiaeieaoe eiiieaen
iaioiaa?oino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, i?iaoaeeoe eiai iaoe?iiaeueio
naiina?aeii?noue ? iinoaaeoe a ?yae aenieieoeueoo?ieo, oeea?e?ciaaieo
iaoe?e.

Iiooee oe?a?inueeith ?ioae?aaioe??th aeueoa?iaoeaieo oeyo?a ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e a?aeaoaaeeny ia /enaeueieo aeeneon?yo 1920-o
??. Aiie cana?ae/eee i?aaiaiiy aecia/eoe ?ieue Oe?a?ie o na?o?,
c’ynoaaoe iai?yi i???ioaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai na?oiaeyaeo (cao?ae /e
no?ae), a?aenoithaaoe ni?aaaei?, a ia a?aoiiainueea ienoaoeoai. A
i?ioean? iiaeieaiiy ?oneo?eaoi?nueeeo oaiaeaioe?e a oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa? a?eueo?noue ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e caa?oaeany aei ?a?iie, ye
c?acea eeane/iiai aenieiooaeiaeiueiai ienoaoeoaa.

Oe?a?inueeo eoeueoo?o 1920-o – ii/. 30-o ??. ?ai?acaiooaaea oe?ea
ieayaea oaeaiiaeoeo, a?aeiieo ?iai (ye noa?oi? aaia?aoe??, oae ?
iieiaeeo ia?niaeoeaieo ii/aoe?aoe?a). Naia ?i iaeaaeeoue aieiaia ?ieue a
i?ioean? iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie, o ai?iaaaeaeaii?
aeaeea?iaaieo a?eueoiaeoeueeith ia?o??th aanae oe?a?i?caoe?? a
ae?eni?noue. Ae?yeuei?noue e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??,
aieiaiei /eiii, ni?yiiaoaaeany ia ae?iaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai noeeth a
ienoaoeoa?; caaaa/aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e caeiaooeaie na?oiai?
eeaneee; ?ic?iaeo iiaeo aeooaeueieo oai; iciaeiieaiiy oe?ieeo e?e
a?iiaaeyi ?c iaaeaeaaiiyie na?oiai? oa a?o/eciyii? eoeueoo?e.

Aaee/acia eoeueoo?ii-a?iiaaenueea, i?ina?oieoeueea ?iaioa
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? i?iaiaeeeany /a?ac noai?aiiy oa
ae?yeuei?noue ??ciiiai?oieo ooaeiaeiuei-ienoaoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e,
anioe?aoe?e, a?oi. Aiie i?aai?ciaoaaee ia?anoai? aenoaaee,
eiioea?oe-eaeoe??, e?oa?aoo?i? /eoaiiy, aeeniooe oiui, ?c caeo/aiiyi
oe?iei? a?iiaaenueei? aoaeeoi???. Cia/ia e?euee?noue
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeeo ia’?aeiaiue oa eieaeoea?a aeaeaaaee aeaniee
ae?oeiaaiee i?aai, yeee iaiaaaeeny c?iaeoe aeinooiiei ia?iaeiei ianai.
Coneeeyie e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? ci?oeithaaeany n?oea
ienoaoeueei-ina?oi?o caeeaae?a, aea i?ioiaeeea i?aeaioiaea i?ioan?eieo
eaae??a aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e.

Oaeei /eiii, a oiae? oe?a?i?caoe??, caaaeyee aeoeai?e o/ano? a oeueiio
i?ioean? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??, aeieaeany
aei?aaiethoe?eia iaiaaeai?noue ? i?ia?ioe?ei?noue oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e, aaeany ai?ioueaa c ?oneo?eaoi?nueeeie oaiaeaioe?yie. Caaaeyee
oeueiio, e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea ?ioae?aaioe?y c?a?aea ae??oaeueio ?ieue
o oi?ioaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo,
i?aeaeuaii? eiai eoeueoo?iiai ??aiy oa a i?eeo/aii? aei iaaeaaiue
na?oiai? eoeueoo?e.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Cai?oaiiy oe?a?i?caoe?? oa ?? aieea ia noaiiaeua
? ae?yeuei?noue e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??” aena?oeaii
ianooi oioae?oa?ii-?ai?aneaii? nenoaie ia caeiaooee oe?a?i?caoe??,
cai?oaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo oa eiai o?aa?/i? iane?aeee
aeey ae?y/?a oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e, i?iaiae?ciaaii iaoiaee
a?eueoiaeoeueei? ai?ioueae c iaoe?iiaeueiith na?aeiiith ?ioae?aaioe??th,
caniae onoiaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a?ae aieeao ia
noni?euenoai.

Ianooi oioae?oa?ecio a eoeueoo?i?e noa?? noaa a?ae/ooiei aaea c ae?oai?
iieiaeie 1920-o ??. c i?e?caeii a Oe?a?io E.Eaaaiiae/a, ui
iciaiaioaaeiny iineeaiiyi ia?o?eiiai eiio?ieth ca noa?ith eoeueoo?e oa
ae?yeuei?noth ?ioae?aaioe??. Eo?n ia cai?oaiiy oe?a?i?caoe?? cana?ae/ea
/a?aiaaee ieaioi OeE EI/a/O 1926 ?., aea aoei ?icii/aoi i?ioean
?aeaieia?/ii? ai?ioueae i?ioe ?i?oe?aoi?a e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon??
I.Oaeeueiaiai oa eiai iaeiiaeoioe?a. Oai?/? aeeneon?? 1920-o ??.
caoiaeaie ia?o?? aoei ia?aaaaeaii o iie?oe/ia ?onei ? aeei?enoaii ye
ieaoeaea?i ai?ioueae c iaoe?iiaeueii-na?aeiiith ?ioae?aaioe??th. Na?aae
cania?a a?eueoiaeoeueei? aeaaee, ni?yiiaaieo ia anoaiiaeaiiy ia?o?eii?
iiiiiie?? a eoeueoo?? aaaeeeaa i?noea iin?aeaea i?ieaoa?nueea e?eoeea,
coneeey yei? ni?yiiaoaaeenue ia eiio?ieue ?aeaieia?/ii? aeo?eiaiino?
oai??a oa i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeaieia?/ii? ai?ioueae a eoeueoo??. O ai?iouea?
i?ioe iaoe?iiaeueii na?aeiii? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? ca
ooaa?aeaeaiiy eiioi?noe/ii? ?aeaieia?? a eoeueoo?? ia?o?y oe?iei
aeei?enoiaoaaea i?ieaoa?nueeee eoeueoo?iee aaaiaa?ae. Aoei
naieoe?iiiaaii caa?oo i?ioenoiyiiy i?ae noa?ith aaia?aoe??th
?ioae?aaioe?? ? i?ieaoa?nueeei eoeueoo?iei iieiaeiyeii, yeee iaa
canooieoe iai?ieaoa?nueeo ?ioae?aaioe?th. Naiai ?iaeo ienoaoeueeee
i?ioaeoe?ii?ci o eoeueoo?? noai?thaaa iacaei?iao aoiinoa?o ca?icoi?eino?
iieiae? oa oeueeoaaiiy noa?oi? aaia?aoe?? ieooe?a. Oi?ioaaeany
i?ieaoa?nueea iana /eoa/?a ? aeyaea/?a, ui iaea ia eeoa “niiaeeaaoe”
ienoaoeueeo i?iaeoeoe?th, aea e aieeaaoe ia oaiaoeeo oai?/ino?. A e?ioe?
1920-o – ia ii/. 30-o ??. caaithaaiiy eoeueoo?ii? noa?e i?ieaoa?nueeei
aaaiaa?aeii a?aeaoaaeiny i?enei?aieie oaiiaie /a?ac
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeuee? i?eciae. Ia i?ioeaaao oai?/ei ni?eeai
?ioae?aaioe?? noa?i? oi?iaoe?? noai?thaaeeny i?ieaoa?nuee? ienoaoeuee?
i?aai?caoe??. Oae, a e?oa?aoo?? i?aoaiaeaioii ia caaithaaiiy
i?ieaoa?nueei? aaaaiii?? noaea Anaoe?a?inueea ni?eea i?ieaoa?nueeeo
ienueiaiiee?a (AONII), a iaey?noa? – Ia’?aeiaiiy iieiaeeo ieooe?a
Oe?a?ie (IIIO), a ioceoe? – Anioe?aoe?y i?ieaoa?nueeeo iocee Oe?a?ie
(AIIO) oiui.

E??i oiai, no?aoaa?y a?eueoiaee?a aoea iaoe?eaia ia iineeaiiy oa
aeei?enoaiiy iacaiae o eieao e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??, c
iaoith caaino?aiiy ?aeaeii-iie?oe/iiai i?ioenoiyiiy a eoeueoo?i?e noa??.

O i??o iineeaiiy aeooiaii? aaaaiii?? a eoeueoo?? aeaaea ia?aeoea aei
iinooiiaiai o?ce/iiai onoiaiiy ?ioae?aaioe?? a?ae aieeao ia
noni?euenoai. A e?ioe? 1920-o ??. aeaaea ii/aea e?ea?aeaoe?th iie?oeee
“oe?a?i?caoe??” oa ?? iane?aee?a, ye? noaaaee iaeiio?ieueiaaieie ?
iaaacia/ieie aeey oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio. I?eaiaeii aeey cai?oaiiy
oe?a?i?caoe?? oa ii/aoeii ianiaiai oa?i?o iaae ?ioae?aaioe??th noaea
noaeiaa ni?aaa NAO, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny oe?ieith aioeoe?a?inueeith oa
aioe?ioae?aaionueeith eaiiai??th a ?aaeyinuee?e i?an?.

O?aa?/iith iaaeath oe?a?i?caoe?? noaa 1932-33 ??. Ea?oiaaa iinoaiiaa
1932 ?. “I?i ia?aaoaeiao e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei?o i?aai?caoe?e”
cana?ae/eea iineeaiiy oeaio?ae?nonueei?, oi?o?eaoe?eii? iie?oeee a
eoeueoo??. Iinoaiiaa OeE AEI (a) oa ?aaeia?eiio N?N?, i?aeienaia
E.Noae?iii ? A.Iieioiaei o ca’yceo c i?iaaaeaiiyi oe?aicaaio?aaeueii?
eiiiai??, oaea oaeoe/ii icia/aea e?iaoeue “oe?a?i?caoe??”. e?ioeaaei
aoaiii noaa eenoiiaaeiaee ia’?aeiaiee ieaioi OeE ? OeEE EI(a)O 1933 ?.,
yeee cana?ae/ea ea?aeeiaeuei? ci?ie a iaoe?iiaeuei?e iie?oeoe? ia?o?? ?,
oaeoe/ii, naieoe?iioaaa ianiaee oa?i? i?ioe iaoe?iiaeueii na?aeiii?
/anoeie oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

Iane?aeee cai?oaiiy eo?no oe?a?i?caoe?? aoee aeaoeeaeie: o?ce/ia,
ii?aeueia oa oai?/a cieuaiiy oe?ei? aaia?aoe?? e?oa?aoi??a, ioceeaio?a,
ae?y/?a ia?acioai?/iai ienoaoeoaa, oaao?o, e?ii; ?ica?ii oe?a?inueeiai
eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy, cieuaiiy oa caai?iia aaee/acii? e?eueeino?
aenieiooaeiaei?o ienoaoeueeeo oai??a, caaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e
aei noaiiaeua i?ia?ioe?eii? a?aenoaeino?. Oeyo cai?ioiueiai ?ooo a?ae
e?aueo c?ace?a ?a?iiaenueeiai ??aiy a e?oa?aoo?? ? ienoaoeoa? aei
oi?o?eiaaiiai ?aaeyinueeiai i?inoaaeo?oueny ia i?eeeaae? oai?/ino?
I.?eeuenueeiai, I.Oe/eie oa ?ioeo.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? ae?eoea ianooiieo
aeniiae?a:

No?aoaa?y ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a iaoe?iiaeueiiio oa eoeueoo?iiio ieoaiiyo
aoea iaoe?eaia ia aeinyaiaiiy iaaieo iie?oe/ieo oe?eae, a ia a?eueiiai
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie. A oaeeo oiiaao noaiiaeua
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? aoei iaiaeiicia/iei: a?ae
i?iaaaeaiiy aeeneon?e i?i i?noea ? ?ieue ?ioae?aaioe?? a ?aaeyinueeiio
noni?euenoa? oa ?? i?aaa ia naiaiaeo oai?/ino?, aei aeei??iaiiy
?iaeiieneaiiy, ieth?ae?cio a oai?/iio i?ioean?, ianaaeaeaiiy ia?o?eii?
iiiiiie?? a noa?? eoeueoo?e.

I?iaieioaiiy oe?a?i?caoe?? iini?eyei i?ioeano caeeaeaiiy
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? c ?aaeyinueeith aeaaeith,
ci?oeiaiith eiyeueieo iiceoe?e uiaei ?? iie?oeee. Ia ii/aoie
oe?a?i?caoe?? a?eueoa /anoeia ?ioae?aaioe?? a?ae?eoea a?ae iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy. Aea ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo i?ioan?eieo a?oi,
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea ?ioae?aaioe?y, a neeo niaoeeo?ee nai??
ae?yeueiino?, ia iiaea caeeoaoeny ia iiceoe?yo iie?oe/iiai “iaeo?ae?cio”
e noaiiaeea iiiceoe?th aioeaeaiie?aoe/iiio ?aaeei?, ui i?iyaeeany o
a?aenoithaaii? caaaeueiiethaenueeee oe?iiinoae, ia i?ioeaaao eeaniaei.

Iniiaieie iai?yieaie ae?yeueiino? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??
a ?aieao oe?a?i?caoe?? aoee: ?icaeoie iaoe?iiaeueii? e?oa?aoo?e ?
ienoaoeoaa; noai?aiiy iiaeo oe?e, iai?yie?a, oa/?e, oai?/? iiooee iiaeo
oi?i ? ienoaoeueeeo cania?a; aeaaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e c
i?ia?ioe?eiiai noaiiaeua oa i???ioaoe?y ia Cao?ae; i?ina?oieoeueea
ae?yeuei?noue, ni?yiiaaia ia i?aeianaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

E?ea?aeaoe?y caeiaooe?a oe?a?i?caoe?? noi?iaiaeaeoaaeany iiaiith
oi?o?eaoe??th eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy, aeooiaiei oa o?ce/iei aeieuaiiyi
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo i?aoeyo:

Noaoo?:

1.Oai?/a ?ioae?aaioe?y a oe?a?inueeiio a?ae?iaeaeaii? 20-o-ii/.30-o ??.
OOno. //Iaoeia? caienee c oe?a?inueei? ?noi???.-Ia?ayneaa-Oi.,
1997.-Aei.?V.-N.56-61.

2.Oai?/a ?ioae?aaioe?y a noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie 20-o ??.
OOno. //Iaoeia? caienee c oe?a?inueei? ?noi???.-Ia?ayneaa-Oi., 1997.-Aei
IV.-N.6-12 (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c A.A.A?a/eith).

3.?ioae?aaioe?y 20-o — 30-o ??. OO no. a ia’?eoea? no/anii?
?noi??ia?ao?? //Iaoeia? caienee c oe?a?inueei? ?noi???.-Ia?ayneaa-Oi.,
1998.-Aei.V.-N.29-33 (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c A.I.Eioeo?ii).

4.?ioae?aaioe?y ? noni?euenoai: ni??i? ieoaiiy ?aaeyinueei? ?noi???
//Iaoeia? caienee c oe?a?inueei? ?noi???.-Ia?ayneaa-Oi.- *a?i?aoe?,
1998.-Aei.V.-N.33-35.

5.?ioae?aaioe?y ? oi?ioaaiiy ?ioaeaeoo iaoe?? (20-30-o? ??. OO no.)
//??aeia oeiea.-1998.-?9.-N.13-21 (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c A.I. Eioeo?ii).

6.Oai?/a ?ioae?aaioe?y a noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie 20-30-o
??. OO no. (Iaoiaeieia?/i? oa ?noi??ia?ao?/i? aniaeoe) //A?niee
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. ?noi??y.-E.,
1998.-Aei.39.-N.29-32 (O ni?aaaoi?noa? c A.I.Oaa/oeii).

7.?ioae?aaioe?y a oiiaao oioae?oa?ecio //Ia?ayneaanueea caiey ? na?o
ethaeeie.-Ia?ayneaa-Oi., 1998.-N.162-164.

8.Oe?a?i?caoe?y ioce/ii-eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie: aianie
?ioae?aaioe?? (1923-1933 ??.) //Iaoeia? caienee c oe?a?inueei?
?noi???.-Ia?ayneaa-Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1999.- Aei.VI.-N.94-102.

Oace:

9.Aiaaeai Oiaeueieoeueeee ? oe?a?inueea ?aeay I.Oaeeueiaiai: iiaeyaee
/a?ac a?ee //Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-E.,
1997.-N.60-62.

10.Oe?a?inueea a?ae?iaeaeaiiy 1923-1933 ?ie?a: oai?/a ?ioae?aaioe?y ?
?ioaeaeo iaoe?? //Iaoa??aee i’yoi? I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??: “Aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiee ?icaeoie a Oe?a?i? oa noai
oe?a?inueei? aoi?/iino? a ae?anii??: nooi?noue, ?aae?? eiioe?eoiino?,
i?iaeaie oa i?iaiice ia ii?ic? OO? noie?ooy”. 22-25 o?aaiy 1997
?.-Ee?a-*a?i?aoe?, 1997.- *.1.-N.515-519.

11.?ioaeaeooaeueiee iioaioe?ae ienoaoeueei? Oe?a?ie 20-o ?? OO no.
//Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??: “I?iaeaie
aaciaee oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? ia ii?ic? OO? noi??//y”. 22-23 aeiaoiy 1998
?.-Ee?a-*a?i?aoe?, 1998.-*.2.-N.227-234.

Oa?aiii I.A. Noaiiaeua oa ae?yeuei?noue e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? Oe?a?ie a oiiaao oe?a?i?caoe?? /?923 ?.- ii/aoie 1930-o
??./.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01 -?noi??y Oe?a?ie.- Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? no/anieo iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a, aiae?co
a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a oa iioae?eiaaieo aeaea?ae aiae?cothoueny nioe?aeueia
noaiiaeua oa iiceoe?? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a oiiaao
iie?oeee oe?a?i?caoe??, niaoeeo?ea ?? aca?iia?aeiinei c ?aaeyinueeith
aeaaeith, i?iyae iii?o ae?y/?a e?oa?aoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa noaiiaeaiith
oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie. ?ice?eoi iniiai? iai?yiee i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? oa ?? ?ieue o i?ioean?
oe?a?i?caoe??. Aeyaeaii aianie e?oa?aoi??a oa ieooe?a o a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e a eoeueoo??, i?aeianaiiy eoeueoo?iiai ??aiy oa
iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie.. Iieacaii caniae
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, ni?yiiaai? ia anoaiiaeaiiy ia?o?eia? iiiiiie?? a
eoeueoo??, i?iaiae?ciaaii iaaaoeaiee aieea ?aeaieia?caoe?? noni?eueiiai
? eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy ia noaiiaeua oa ae?yeuei?noue
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe??. A eiioaeno? iineeaiiy ?ai?an?e
oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio, cai?oaiiy oe?a?i?caoe?? aena?oeaii o?aa?/io
aeieth e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea ?ioae?aaioe?y, oe?a?i?caoe?y,
?aaeyinueea aeaaea, noa?a eoeueoo?e, iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iee ?icaeoie.

Oa?aiii I.A. Iieiaeaiea e aeayoaeueiinoue eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioaeeeaaioeee Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo oe?aeiecaoeee /?923 a.-ia/aei 1930-o
aa./.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01 — Enoi?ey Oe?aeiu.- Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao
eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Eeaa, ?999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ia iniiaaiee nia?aiaiiuo iaoiaeieiae/aneeo iiaeoiaeia,
aiaeeca a?oeaiuo iaoa?eaeia e iioaeeeiaaiiuo enoi/ieeia, aiaeece?othony
nioeeaeueiia iieiaeaiea e aeayoaeueiinoue eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioaeeeaaioeee Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo oe?aeiecaoeee. Inaauaaony iieeoeea
niaaoneie aeanoe a iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iii aii?ina, eae aeaaiiai
oaeoi?a a ii?aaeaeaiee ianoa e ?iee eioaeeeaaioeee a niaaoneii iauanoaa,
?ane?uaathony acaeyaeu ia?oeeiuo eeaea?ia 1920-o aa. a ioiioaiee e
eioaeeeaaioeee, a oaeaea iieacuaathony oi?iu eaeaieiae/aneiai aeeyiey ia
eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiioth eioaeeeaaioeeth e iaoiaeu eiio?iey ca a?
aeayoaeueiinoueth.

A enneaaeiaaiee inaauathony iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea iiceoeee
eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioaeeeaaioeee a oneiaeyo iieeoeee
oe?aeiecaoeee e niaoeeoeeo a? acaeiiioiioaiee n niaaoneie aeanoueth
iieacaiu i?iyaeaiiy nii?ioeaeaiey aeayoaeae eeoa?aoo?u e eneonnoaa
noaiiaeaiee oioaeeoa?ii-?ai?anneaiie nenoaie. Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca
enoi?e/aneie eeoa?aoo?u e a?oeaiuo iaoa?eaeia iieacaii, /oi ia?aoiae
eioaeeeaaioeee noa?ie oi?iaoeee ia noi?iio niaaoneie aeanoe aue iniaaiii
oyaeaeui aeey i?aaenoaaeoaeae eeoa?aoo?u e eneonnoaa, iineieueeo aeey
yoie i?ioanneiiaeueiie a?oiiu nio?oaeie/anoai n iiaei ?aaeeiii o?aaiaaei
ii?aaeaeaiiie ie?iaicc?ai/aneie ia?ai?eaioaoeee. Iieeoeea oe?aeiecaoeee
iiniaeaenoaiaaea i?ioeanno naeeaeaiey eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioaeeeaaioeee e niaaoneie aianoe. Inoaaea iieeoe/aneoth
aeayoaeueiinoue, aieueoay /anoue eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
eioaeeeaaioeee, a neeo niaoeeoeee naiae aeayoaeueiinoe, ia iiaea caiyoue
iiceoeee iieeoe/aneiai “iaeo?aeeoaoa” e ninoaaeyea iiiiceoeeth
aioeaeaiie?aoe/aneiio ?aaeeio.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ane?uaathony iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey i?ioanneiiaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioaeeeaaioeee a i?ioeanna
oe?aeiecaoeee. Inaauaaony a? aeeaae a iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iia
?acaeoea Oe?aeiu, a aic?iaeaeaiea iaoeeiiaeueiuo o?aaeeoeee a eoeueoo?a,
iiauoaiea eoeueoo?iiai o?iaiy e iaoeeiiaeueiiai niciaiey a?aaeaeai
Oe?aeiu. Neeaie eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioaeeeaaioeee oe?aeineay
eoeueoo?a auea auaaaeaia ec ninoiyiey i?iaeioeeaeueiie ionoaeinoe ia
o?iaaiue eo/oeo aa?iiaeneeo o?aaeeoeee e ?ai?acaioiaaia aeaeaei ca
i?aaeaeaie Niaaoneie Oe?aeiu. Aeayoaeueiinoue
eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioaeeeaaioeee Oe?aeiu, aeaaiui ia?acii,
auea iai?aaeaia ia iienee iaoeeiiaeueiiai noeey a eneonnoaa, iaiaauaiea
iaoeeiiaeueiie eoeueoo?e aeinoeaeaieyie ie?iaie eeanneee, ?ac?aaioeo
iiaeo aeooaeueiuo oai, iciaeiieaiea oe?ieie iauanoaaiiinoe ec
aeinoiyieai ie?iaie e ioa/anoaaiiie eoeueoo?u. Eoeueoo?ii-iauanoaaiiay
?aaioa eioaeeeaaioeee i?iaiaeeeanue /a?ac nicaeaiea e aeayoaeueiinoue
iiiai/eneaiiuo eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee, annioeeaoeee e
a?oii.

A ?aaioa oaeaea inaauai ianooi oioaeeoa?ii-?ai?anneaiie nenoaiu ia
aeinoeaeaiey oe?aeiecaoeee, eeeaeaeaoeey i?ioeanna
iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?acaeoey a Oe?aeia e aai o?aae/aneea
iineaaenoaey aeey aeayoaeae oe?aeineie eoeueoo?u. Iieacaii n?aaenoaa
niaaoneie aeanoe, iai?aaeaiiua ia onoaiiaeaiea ia?oeeiie iiiiiieee a
eoeueoo?iie noa?a, i?iaiaeece?iaaii iaaaoeaiia aeeyiea eaeaieiaecaoeee e
iieeoecaoeee eoeueoo?iie e iauanoaaiiie aeecie ia iieiaeaiea e
aeayoaeueiinoue eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioaeeeaaioeee. A eiioaenoa
oneeaiey ?ai?annee oioaeeoa?iiai ?aaeeia inaauaia o?aae/aneay noaeueaa
eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioaeeeaaioeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eioaeeeaaioeey,
oe?aeiecaoeey, niaaoneay aeanoue, noa?a eoeueoo?u,
iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iia ?acaeoea.

Tarapon O.A. The literary-artistic Ukrainian intelligentsia‘s role in
society and activity in circumstances of ukrainization. – Manuscript.

Thesis for candidate’s degree by specialty 07.00.01. – History of
Ukraine. – Kiev University after Taras Shevchenko, Kiev, 1999.

The literary-artistic Ukrainian intelligentsia ‘s role in society and
activity in circumstances of ukrainization on the grounds of modern
methodological approaches, analysis of archive materials and published
sources is analyzed. Main trends of the literary-artistic
intelligentsia’s professional activity and its role in the process of
ukrainization is discovered.

The literary-artistic intelligentsia’s contribution to the revival of
national cultural traditions, to the upsurge of cultural level and
Ukrainian citizens’ national consciousness are revealed.

The soviet power’s means directed to the establishment of party’s
monopoly in culture are shown and negative influence of public and
cultural life ideologization on the role in society and the
literary-artistic intelligentsia’s activity are analyzed. In the context
of totalitarian regime strengthening, curtailment of ukrainization the
literary-artistic Ukrainian intelligentsia’s tragic fate is interpreted.

Key words : literary-artistic intelligentsia, ukrainization, soviet
power, national-cultural development, cultural sphere, totalitarizm.

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