Стан і функціонування літературної критики в Західній Україні 20-30-х рр. ХХ ст.: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / Н.З. Кучма, Львів. держ. ун-т ім

EUeA?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? ?AAIA O?AIEA

EO*IA Iaoae?y C?iia??aia

OAeE 883.3(091)

NOAI ? OOIEOe?IIOAAIIssE?OA?AOO?II? E?EOEEEA CAO?AeI?E OE?A?I? 20-30-o
??. OO no.

10.01.01 — oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a

Aaoi?aoa?aoaeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?iii?euenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a
Aiaothea.Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?II’ssE ?iiai Oaiaei?iae/,

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oai??? e?oa?aoo?e ?

ii??aiyeueiiai e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AIAe?ON?A Noaoai?y Ieeiea?aia,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, i?ioani?;

— eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Eiia?eoey Ia?’yia Ieeiea?aia,

iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oeaio? ia??iaeeee

i?e Euea?anuee?e iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?

?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea IAI Oe?a?ie,

iaoeiaee i?aoe?aiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
Ieoaeea Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “18” aa?aciy 1999 p. o 12.00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 35.051.06 o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea ca aae?anith 290602, i. Euea?a,
aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17” ethoiai 1999 p.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee C.I.OA?EAE

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?noi??y oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ? aein?
a?aaea? aaeeeeie a?eeie ieyiaie. Na?aae ieo — e?eoeea 20-30 ??. OO no. a
Aaee/ei?.

No/ania aeine?aeaeaiiy ?? noaio ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i?
ioneoue iiina?aaeeiaoaaoenue ??aiai “e?eoeeiciaanoaa”, yeee neeaany ia
o?eueee a Oe?a?i?, a e a oeo e?a?iao, aea aeeee ? oai?eee a?o/eciyi?
ienueiaiieee ? e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?.

I?ioyaii 20-50-o ??. OO no. ye a O?N?, oae ? iica ?? iaaeaie c’yaeeeny
aeine?aeaeaiiy c aeania ?noi??? e?eoeee oiai /e ?ioiai ia??iaeo /e
aianeo a oe?a?inueeo e?oa?aoo?io e?eoeeo iaaiiai eoeueoo?iiai ae?y/a
(?.Oae?aa, A.Eiaae?anueeee, A.Iiaaaeia, ?.Aei?ioaiei, I.Oaae/aiei).
I?eeiaoiith aeanoea?noth oeeo i?aoeue aoa ?o ca’ycie c ?noi???th
e?oa?aoo?e, anoaoeee, o?einio??, iie?oe/ii? aeoiee. ?noi??y e?eoeee
?icaeyaeaeany ia?aaaaeii ye ?noi??y ?aeae, a ia nioe?aeueii?
ae?yeueiino?. Iniiaia oaaaa caa?oaeany ia ci?io ? aca?iiae?th
e?oa?aoo?ieo iai?yi?a, ia ?ieue o oeueiio i?ioean? e?oa?aoo?ieo ioe?iie,
iiaeo e?eoa???a, a ieoaiiy oai?/iai iaoiaeo e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee, ??
niaoeeo?/ieo aeai??a, iaenoa?iino? e?oa?aoo?iiai e?eoeea, ii noo?,
niaoe?aeueii ia noaaeeeny. Neooaoe?y iii?oii ii/aea ci?ithaaoeny c
ae?oai? iieiaeie 60-o ?ie?a, eiee a oeaio?? oaaae aaaaoueio o/aieo
(A.A?thoiaaoeueeee, TH.Ao?eye, ?.A?ii’ye, I.Caeueaeiae/ oa ?i.) iinoaee
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ye nioe?aeueii?
(aeania anoaoe/ii?) ae?yeueiino?.

A Oe?a?i?, ye na?ae/aoue iaeiia?o? i?aoe?, aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi???
e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ana ae ia aeoiaeyoue iica ?oo ?aeae ? e?eoa???a, a
oaaaa aeine?aeiee?a oeueiai ?ooo ia nyaa? aeo?iaeueii-aacaoieo
ioae?eaoe?e. Oea cia/iith i??ith noino?oueny e ia?aieo aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia??iaeo (1922-1939 ??.) ? ?a??iio (Aaee/eia o noinoieao
c Iieueuath oa *aoineiaa//eiith), a yeeo nai???aeii ooieoe?iioaaea
e?oa?aoo?ia e?eoeea. ?o naiai /ano oi?eaeeny no/anieee e o/anieee
i?ioeano I.Aiaaoeueeee, ss.Ai?aeeinueeee, N.Ooaei?, aeecuee? ianooiieee
N.O?ioeioe, I.Aeoaeia. O iiaeo noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo oiiaao, ye?
neeaeeny i?ney 1991 ?ieo, aei ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiuei?
e?eoeee a Aaee/ei? ia??iaeo 1922-1939 ?ie?a o ca’yceo c oiae?oi?i
?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iei i?ioeanii caa?ioeeny O.Naeeaa, I.?eueieoeueeee,
I.Aiaothe, ?.Eoeue/eoeueea, N.Ea?o.

Aeaai? ? no/ani? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy i?aeai?iiiai
ia??iaeo a Aaee/ei?, i?noey ? ?ie? a iueiio e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee
a?aeoai?eee a iniiaieo aei??ao noai ? aieiai? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo,
iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee, aea ia ?ice?eee
i?iaeaie a iiaiiio ianyc?. Oea aecia/eei iio?aao ? iaiao?aei?noue
iiaeeaeaiiai ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia?aaeon?i iaei ? cian?i ia aea/aieo ??
aniaeo?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeany i?ioyaii 1992-1995 ?ie?a ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, c aa?aniy 1995 ?ieo — ia eaoaae?? oai??? e?oa?aoo?e ?
ii??aiyeueiiai e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.Aiaothea a ?one? eieaeoeaii? oaie
“?noi??y ? iiaoeea oe?a?inueei? ai???aoe?eii? e?oa?aoo?e”.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iien noaio ? oa?aeoa?enoeea
iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ye
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiai aeeneo?no — neeaaeiaiai aeaiaioa e?oa?aoo?iiai
aeeooy Aaee/eie 20-30-o ??. OO no. — ca niaoeeo?/ieo oiia. Aeey ??
cae?eniaiiy noaaeii oae? caaaeaiiy:

 ?aeiino?othaaoe e iienaoe ea?oeio e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy Aaee/eie a
neeaae? Ae?oai? ?a/?iiniieeoi? Iieueu?;

 ooi/ieoe aieea noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo, ?aeaieia?/ieo ?
eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo /eiiee?a ia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th ? aaoa?iaaii?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aeaeii-anoaoe/iiai e?eoeoeecio;

 ni?aa?aeianoe no?oeoo?o e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?
oe?a?inueeeo e?oa?aoi??a c aiaeia?/iith ae?yeuei?noth iieuenueeeo
ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e;

 nenoaiaoecoaaoe e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? aeai?e, ye? ooieoe?iioaaee a
ia??iaeeoe? Aaee/eie ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo, ooi/ieaoe aiaeii/an aeaye?
ieoaiiy oai??? e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo aeai??a;

 i?inoaaeeoe nioe?iaeeiai?eo e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo aeai??a o Aaee/ei?
1922-1939 ??. c iiaeyaeo oai??? anoaoe/ii? eiioi?eaoe??;

 oeeanoe a?ae?ia?ao?th e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo iaoa??ae?a iniiaieo
aeai??a e?eoeee, ye? ooieoe?iioaaee a ia??iaeeoe? Aaee/eie 1922-1939 ??.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? euea?anueea ia??iaeeea 1922-1939 ??.,
ia?aaeon?i aacaoe ? aeo?iaee “Ieoona”, “Iaoea ? ienueiainoai”, “Iaiae”,
“EIA”, “A?niee”, “Na?o”, “Ie”, “Aeaaeaia”, “Iinooi”, “Aecaiie”, “Ae?ei”,
“Iacono??/”, “Ia???”, “Iaia?aaeiaei?”, “A?eia”, “Iia? oeyoe”,
“E?oa?aoo?i? a?no?”, “E?oa?aoo?ii-iaoeiaee aeiaeaoie “Iiaiai /ano”,
“E?oa?aoo?a-ienoaoeoai-iaoea. — Aeiaeaoie aei “Iaoe”, “Sygna?y”, “Lwow
literacki””.

I?aaeiao iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy — ??ci? oi?ie aeyao
?aeaeii-anoaoe/iiai e?eoeoeecio a e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeiio aeeoo?
Aaee/eie o ae?yeueiino? i?ia?aeieo e?eoee?a, e?oa?aoo?ieo a?oi
(iieie?iue) ca oiia Ae?oai? ?a/?iiniieeoi? Iieueu?.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
eiioeaioe?? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee oa ?? noni?eueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oe?a?inueeeo aeine?aeiee?a, oaeeo ye: ?.O?aiei, E.A?eaoeueeee,
I.Caeueaeiae/, ?.A?ii’ye, A.A?thoiaaoeueeee, TH.Ao?eye, TH.Oa?ao oa ?i.
— a aaeoc? oai???; A.AEeaioei, I.Aa?iooaei, ?.Aei?ioaiei, A.Iiaaaeia,
I.?eueieoeueeee, I.Oaae/aiei, ?.Eioae?aaoeue, A.E?aaoe?a oa ?i. — a
aaeoc? ?noi??? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee; ?in?enueeeo (I.Ao?nia, A.Ai/a?ia,
A.?ai?ia, I.Ei?ieio?ia oa ?i.); iieuenueeeo (I.Aeia?inueeee,
N.AEoeeaanueeee, ss.Neaa?inueeee, I.Noaiiaiue, I.O?aaiianueeee oa ?i.),
aiaei-aia?eeainueeeo (Ae.-Ae.Ai?aeii, I.O?ae, ?.Oaeeae, ?.O?inao oa
?i.). I?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaoaaeeny, e??i o?aaeeoe?eieo
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo (o?eieia?/ii-iieniaee, ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee), ? oae?
caaaeueiiiaoeia? iaoiaee, ye eiioaeno-aiae?c oa noaoenoe/iee. Caeiaoo?
c ?o aeiiiiiaith ?acoeueoaoe i?aeaeaaaeeny ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiio
inieneaiith c iiceoe?e ?aoeaioeaii? anoaoeee.

Iiaecia iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy: a) ooi/iaia ea?oeia e?oa?aoo?iiai
aeeooy Aaee/eie ia??iaeo 20-30 ??. OO no.; a) aaaaeaii a iaoeiaee ia?a
?yae e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo noaoae c aaeeoeueei? ia??iaeeee
ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo; a) aianaii ei?aeoeae o aecia/aiiy aeai??a
e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ? oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?o iiaoeee, ?ic?iaeaii aeanio
eiioeaioe?th nenoaie aeai??a e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee, ?aeiino?oeiaaii
nioe?iaeeiai?eo e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo aeai??a aaeeoeueei? ia??iaeeee
20-30-o ??. OO no.; a) oeeaaeaii a?ae?ia?ao?th e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo
iaoa??ae?a, ae?oeiaaieo ia oiaeueoao oe??? ia??iaeeee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiie
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o aoc?anueeeo eo?nao ?noi??? aeo?iae?noeee,
?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee, a oaeiae i?e /eoaii?
niaoeeo?no “Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? aca?ieie i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Ie?ai? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
aeeeaaeai? ia ui??/ieo ca?oii-iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea
(1994-1998 ??.), ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo “Ai???aoe?y:
?noi??y ? e?oa?aoo?a” (Oa?iii?eue, 1996), “?aai O?aiei — ienueiaiiee,
ieneeoaeue, a?iiaaeyiei” (Euea?a, 1996), iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e oa
e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee iiaeo /an?a” (Oa?e?a, 1996), Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooiaia ? iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia
ae?yeuei?noue ?.?.Ia??iea a eiioaeno? oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy” (Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, 1997), Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oai?/?noue Aiaaeaia Eaieiai a eiioaeno?
?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e OO noie?ooy” (Oa?iii?eue, 1997).

Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?aia ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae? oai???
e?oa?aoo?e oa ii??aiyeueiiai e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa oa ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo
?i.A.Aiaothea.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 26 i?aoeue (4 noaoo?, 2
oac, 4 iia?aeiieaiiy, 16 neiaieeiaeo noaoae).

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c aeaio ?icae?e?a,
ye? ?ice?eaathoue eia?eo oaie a?ae iieno, aiae?co iniiaieo aeaiaio?a
e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo aei a?aeoai?aiiy nenoaie
aeai??a e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ? a?aeiia?aeieo ocaaaeueiaiue uiaei
niaoeeo?ee e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiai aeeneo?no, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (225 iiceoe?e) oa a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai iieaae/eea
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo oa e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo aenooi?a ia noi??ieao
euea?anueei? ia??iaeeee 1922-1939 ??. (1.3).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aecia/aii
ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy; aeeeaaeaii eiai
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao; iieacaii iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/io oa
i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue; iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y cao?aeiioe?a?inueei? ia??iaeeee
20-30-o ??. OO no. ye aeya ?aeaeii-anoaoe/iiai e?eoeoeecio” ia??oioiaaii
o?iiieia?/i? iaae? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo (1.1). Aeena?oaioea
aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui anoaiiaeaiiy ei?aeii?a i?ae O?N?, Ae?oaith
??//thiiniieeoith Iieueu?, *aoineiaa//eiith, ?oioi??th ? ?in??th aoei
oei aaiiie?oe/iei /eiieeii, yeee aeeeeeaa aeaeaeinyaei? iane?aeee o
aeooiaiiio aeeoo? oe?a?ioe?a. C’yaeeany /eneaiia iie?oe/ia ai???aoe?y.
I?eueeiie oe?a?ioe?a, aaoiooiiieo aeeoae?a ia ??aeieo caieyo, ia
ae?aeaeaeath/e c ieo, noaee a?iiaaeyiaie /oaeeo aea?aeaa,
“iaoeiaioeiaie” c ??cieie iiaeeeainoyie caaeiaieaiiy nai?o
aeooiaii-?ae?a?eieo, eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o, anoaoe/ieo iio?aa.

?icii?ioai?noue oe?a?inueeeo ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e, an?eye? ia?aoeiaee a
i?aai?caoe?? aeoeaiiai e ?a?oey?iiai e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeiai aeeooy ia
Cao?ae a?ae Ca?o/a aoee iane?aeeii aaiiie?oe/ieo oiia 20-30 ??. Oie oaeo
aiaaeaa o a?/? ?iicaioeyi ? iaa?oue caeaaaany iacaeieaiiith i?e/eiith,
ui aaeueio? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeee i?ioean, ii?iaeaeo?
i?ia?ioe?ei?noue oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e Aeea.: Pietrzak W. Z literatury
ukrai?skiej // Prosto z mostu.-1938.-? 41.-S. 7.

.

Iaeiae oi?iaeiaae i?aeai?iiiai /ano ae?yea i?e/eia, iaaeaeeia aeey
?iicaioey, — iaoe?iiaeueia ?aeay, aiey ia?iaeo aei naiiooaa?aeaeaiiy;
iii?e eieinaeuei? ao?aoe na?aeiii? aa?noae oe?a?ioe?a ? ciaa??o
ia?aiiaeaieo ae?yee ?noi?e/ia iai’youe, o?aaeeoe?? eoeueoo?e. Iaaooee
iiceoeaiee ? iaaaoeaiee aeina?ae a?iiaaenueeiai, a o?i /ene? e
e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy ia aeaaaa iiaeeeaino? ia?a?aaoeny
?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioeania? /a?ac ae?yeuei?noue noa?oiai ?
iieiaeoiai iieie?iue, oi/ i?ae ieie a icia/aiee ia??iae aeieeaea
ae?aiaoe/ia eie?c?y.

Aeania oea ? aeeaeei nai???aeiee iaie?eoeoeeci, yeee aeeiai?coaaa
aeooiaia aeeooy, ii?iaeaeoaaa ooaeiaei? aenia?eiaioe,
uiiae??ciiiai?oi?o? anoaoe/i? eiioeaioe??, e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? ii?i??,
aeaeaaie/? ?i?oe?aoeae ia?aaeon?i iiaiai iieie?iiy. Noai?aiiy
e?oa?aoo?ieo a?oi, ienoaoeueeeo ia’?aeiaiue, i?aai?caoe?e c aeanieie
i?aniaeie i?aaiaie — yne?aaa na?ae/aiiy oeueiai. O i.1.2. iine?aeiaii
iienaii e i?iaiae?ciaaii 17 ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue, ye? ioae?eoaaee
e?eoe/i? iaoa??aee, ?o ca?oiiaaii ca ?aeaieia?/iei e?eoa???i.

No?oeoo?a iaoa??aeueiiai noano?aoo iioi/ii? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee
Aaee/eie c 1922 ii 1939 ??e, c iaeiiai aieo, ? aeyaii noaio e ??aiy
?aeaeii-anoaoe/iiai e?eoeoeecio, ui neeaany a i?ia?aei?e aa?noa?
noni?euenoaa, a, c ae?oaiai, — noeioeii, iaeiei c aeoeaieo oaeoi??a eiai
?icaeoeo, ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ye nenoaie ioe?iieo
e?eoa???a, aeai??a, ??ciiaeae?a i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Aioo??oiueith
aeooiaii-?aeaaeueiith iniiaith oe??? no?oeoo?e aoee
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? (o o?i /ene? iaoe?iiaeueii-aoe/i?) a?aeiineie,
?aeaeii-anoaoe/i? ia?aeiiaiiy, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? i/?eoaaiiy,
iano?i?.

O “Ea?ae?ia?ai?” e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ii? i?aeoeee” (i. 1.3) i?aaenoaaeaii
/anoioi?noue aenooi?a i?ia?aeieo e?oa?aoo?ieo e?eoee?a, ?o ?aeaieia?/i?
i???ioaoe??, a oaeiae aeoeai?noue iiaoooaaiiy iniiaieo
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo aeai??a.

Oeiieia?th e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo aenooi?a icia/aiiai ia??iaeo aaoi?
?icaeyaea? o i.1.4. Iae?ino?oeoo?a (e?euee?noue ? aca?iinoinoiee
ia??iaeeee) ? i?e?ino?oeoo?a (ei?ion ??ciiaeai?iaeo
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo ioae?eaoe?e) ?aeaeii-anoaoe/iiai e?eoeoeecio a
Aaee/ei? 20-30-o ??. OO no. oniaaeeoaaee /eiaei o?aaeeoe?eieo aeey
oe?a?inueei? e?eoeee i?eeiao ? iniaeeainoae. Aeii?iaioith ? ia?ao?aeiith
c ieo aoei ona?aeiieaiiy ooo/ii? ?iciieiaeiaiino?, ?icaeai?iino?
ia?iaeiiai i?aai?cio ? oyae?iiy aei aeooiaii? ?aeiino?. Oaea oaiaeaioe?y
/?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny aaea o e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo aenooiao
I.Iaeneiiae/a, I.Einoiia?iaa, I.Eoe?oa, ae?y/?a “?onueei? o??eoe?”, ?o
niaaeei?ioe?a I.Eeeieiae/a, Ae.Oaiy/eaae/a, A.Oaoeaae/a, a a?aeoae
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, ?.O?aiea, Ean? Oe?a?iee, I.Iaeiaay, I.?aoaia — oiaoi
iaeaeoeai?oeo oai?oe?a oe?a?inueeiai e?eoeoeecio ia?aae Ia?oith
na?oiaith a?eiith. Naia oey oaiaeaioe?y ae?aiaoe/ii caaino?eeany o
i?neyai?iiee ia??iae o a?aeie?aieaii? Aaee/eie a?ae No?aeii? Oe?a?ie,
iniaeeai i?ney ianeeueieoeueeiai caaa?oaiiy a O?N? e?oa?aoo?ii?
aeeneon?? 1925-1928 ??. O ieneaii? e?eoee?a iino?eii ae?yee
ia?aaeeaia “oai” ? “ooo” ye eiino?oeoeaia iiiceoe?y, iiiyooy “noa?oi?”
oa “iieiaeoi?” ?aia?aoe?e ye aecia/iee?a ia?niaeoeae ? noa’?eoa
?icaeoeo.

I?aeoe/iee aeina?ae e?oa?aoo?ieo e?eoee?a icia/aiiai ia??iaeo, oiae?oi?
aeeneon?? c i?eaiaeo caaaeaiue e?eoeee acaaae?, aeaaaee iaoa??ae aeey
aeniiaeo i?i iaiiaeeea?noue oi?o?eaoe?? e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, yea iaea (iii?e ana ?? ?icia?ooy) aeaa aaeoi?e. ?o oiae?
i?aaenoaaeyee Ae.Aeiioeia ? I.?oaeieoeueeee. I?ii?aeiei iai?yieii aoa
oie, yeee ooaa?aeaeoaaee I.Aiaoeoae ? A.Eoaeeoeueeee. Aeae?eai?
?.-TH.Iaeainueeei 1935 ?ieo Iaeainueeee ?.-TH. No/ania
cao?aeiuei-oe?a?inueea ienueiainoai. Iaeyae ca 1930-1935 ??. — Euea?a,
1935. iai?yii? a oiae?oi?e cao?aeiioe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?i?e e?eoeoe? a
i?eioeei?, a iae?noioi?oiio iaoiaeieia?/iiio i?aeoiae? aei e?eoeee,
aeeaaeathoueny a eiioeaioe?th “aeaio noee?a e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee”
TH.Oaaaeueiaa Oa?ao TH. Aeaa noee? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee // Ia aeey
ae?oae. E?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? noaoo? e ana?. — Iueth-Ei?e, 1964.

: “e?eoeee iaaeyaeo” ? “e?eoeee aaeyaeo”, yeo a?i ia??oiooaaa c iiaeyaeo
?noi?e/ii? ?ao?iniaeoe?? ? nai?? no/aniino? (40-? ?iee OO noie?ooy).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Niaoeeo?ea e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiai aeeneo?no ?
nenoaia aeai??a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ca oiia Ae?oai?
?a/?iiniieeoi? Iieueu?” a?aeoai?aii nenoaio aeai??a, ui iiaoooaaee a
icia/aiee ia??iae.

Ia?aaeoeaiooaaiiy oaaae c ?noi??? ?aeae oa e?eoa???a ioe?iee
e?oa?aoo?ieo yaeu ia ?noi??th ae?yeueiino? e?eoee?a o eiioaeno?
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeiai aeeooy i?aee?aneth? ?ieue ? cia/aiiy cania?a
ii?icoi?iiy i?ae o/anieeaie eiioi?eaoeaii? neooaoe?? — oi?i
aeneiaethaaiiy e?eoee?a, eiae?a ?o aoaeoeaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy c
ienueiaiieeaie ? /eoa/aie.

E?eoeee i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo aaea canoaee ai?iaiaaio o aeo?iae?nonuee?e
i?aeoeoe? ? e?oa?aoo?iiio aeeoo? iaaio e?euee?noue aeai??a, ?o
iii?ioaaiiy, oi/a e ia caaaeaee c ei?aeoiei oa?i?iieia?/iei noaoonii.

*anoioi?noue aaeeaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo aeai??a aeyaeyea ?o oeiiao
no?oeoo?o, caaacia/oaaea oyae?noue o?aaeeoe??. Iienoth/e noai
e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo, aaoi?ea ei?enoo?oueny
ia?aaeon?i oeie oa?i?iaie, ye? ooieoe?iioaaee oiae?, iaiaaa?oueny
?aeiino?othaaoe iiiyooy, ui o?enoaaeeny ieie. Iaoa??aeii aeey
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy nenoaie iiiyoue-oa?i?i?a ? oaeno ioae?eaoe?e, uiaei yeeo
canoiniao?oueny iaaia iac?aieoeoai. O oeueiio ca’yceo iinoa?
iaiao?aei?noue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiiyoue “oaeno” ? “aeeneo?n”. Aeeneo?n
oa?aeoa?eco? oaeno o aeei?enoaii?, a eiioi?eaoeai?e neooaoe??.
I?ioeanoaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy oaenoo noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny eiai
aeeiai?ciii, ui coiiaeth?oueny aca?ieiaie iaaeaaoey ? ?aoeei??ioa,
iiina?aaeeiao?oueny nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieie, eoeueoo?ieia?/ieie
/eiieeaie iicaaa?aaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o Duszak A. Tekst, dyskurs,
komunikacja miedzykulturowa. — Warszawa: PWN, 1998..

Canoinoaaiiy oa?i?io “aeeneo?n” o e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ca
oiia, eiee aaeeny ? o?eaathoue aeeneon?? i?i eiai iiiyo?eiee niene, aaea
ai?iaiaaia, cie?aia, I.Aeia?inueeei o Iieueu?, O.Aoiaei?iaith,
N.Iaaee/ei a Oe?a?i?.

Oae, I.Aeia?inueeee, iaaieiooth/e ia iaaeinoaoiino? ?icaeyaeo ?noi???
e?eoeee ye ?noi??? ?aeae, ia iaiao?aeiino? ?? aeiiiaiaiiy “aiae?cii
aeeneo?no”, i?aee?aneth?: “Aiae?c e?eoe/iiai aeeneo?no ia iiaeia
cae?enieoe aac a?aooaaiiy ?aeae e?eoeee, ai e aiie ? eiai aeaiaioii. Aea
a?aooaaiiy ?aeae ia icia/a? ?o ?aoa?oaaiiy” G?owinski M. Ekspresja i
empatia. Studia o m?odopolskiej krytyce literackiej. — Krakow, 1997.

.

Aca?iiae?th iniiaieo /eiiee?a, ye? coiiaeththoue aeai?iao
e?enoae?caoe?th aeneiaethaaiiy e?eoeea ye eiai nioe?aeueio ? iiaeaii?ao
ae?yeuei?noue, i?ieiyoo ioe?iiei aen?ieia?/iei iaoinii, iiaeia oiiaii
i?aaenoaaeoe oaeith noaiaoe/iith iiaeaeeth (n. 9).

Ci?no ? no?oeoo?a e?eoe/ieo aeai??a aecia/a?oueny ia?o ca ana oe?ieei
ae?aiaciiii ae?aeiao e?eoeee ? e?oa?aoo?e. E?eoee, caeaaeii a?ae
iinoaaeaii? iaoe, ?icaeyaea? e?oa?aoo?iee oa?? ye ienoaoeueea yaeua,
iaiaaa?oueny aieeiooe ia e?oa?aoo?iee i?ioean c iiceoe?e o??? a?oie,
nioe?aeuei? e anoaoe/i? ?aeaaee yei? a?i i?aaenoaaey?. I?e oeueiio a?i
nie?a?oueny ia ia?aciee ci?no e?oa?aoo?e ye ia i?aaeiao aiae?co e
ioe?iee, ui, a naith /a?ao, aieeaa? ia ci?no ? no?oeoo?o e?eoe/iiai
noaeaeaiiy, ia nenoaio a??oiaioaoe?e, eiiiiceoe?? ? noeeue aenooio
e?eoeea.

E??i oiai, no?oeoo?a oai?o, eiai aaaaoia?aii?noue, nioe?aeueia
eiie?aoi?noue, aiae?oe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy cia?aaeoaaii? ae?eniino?,
noeeueiaa nai???aei?noue caeaoi? aeoeaii aieeaaoe ia e?eoeea,
ii?iaeaeoaaoe iaia?aaeaa/ai? eiai na?oiaeyaeii ? oai?aoe/ieie
iinooeaoaie niinoa?aaeaiiy ? aeniiaee, niiioeaoe e?eoeea aeeoe ca ?aiee
onoaeaiiai, i?iieeiooe a oae? ?aeaei? oa no?oeoo?i? oiieiu?, eio??
e?eoeeii aoee oai?aoe/ii ia ona?aeiieai?, ia noaee i?aaeiaoii eiai
?icaeoi?a ? ocaaaeueiaiue. Oiaoi e?eoee ui?aco “noai?th?” aeai? aeaniiai
aenooio. ? a oeueiio aeyaey?oueny eiai aeeneo?neai?noue.

O ioieo? 2.3. aaoi? ?icaeyaea? iiaeeo?eaoe?? aeai?o e?eoe/ii? noaoo?.
Oae, iaeyaee, i?aaenoaaeai? ia noi??ieao cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo /aniien?a,
a ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? a?aeiia?aeaee eaiiiai aeai?o ? aoee
no?oeoo?iaai? i?aaiaiiyie aaoi??a ?icaeyiooe ?icaeoie ie?aieo
oaiaeaioe?e e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano a /?oeeo o?iiieia?/ieo ?aieao ia
nioe?aeueiiio oa ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iiio oii?.

Na?aae aeai?iaeo ??ciiaeae?a e?eoe/ii? noaoo? iniaeeaa i?noea caeiathoue
aenooie, i?aaeiaoii yeeo aoee aaea ii?eethaeiai? i??eoaaiiy e ioe?iee.

O oeueiio ae?acii aeyaeyeany neooaoeai?noue ? aeeneo?neai?noue
e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee, yea i?e an?o ?? yne?aaeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iciaeao, ana ae ? ni?aaith eieaeoeaiith. Noia?a/ee, aeeneon??,
iieai?ee, iii?e ?o aino?ioo ? i?eno?ano?, ? iaia’yceiaith iciaeith
ii?iaeueiiai e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano. Naia aiie caeiaee /eiaea i?noea o
aaeeoeueeiio e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean?.

Ae?aeiaia?noue e?eoe/ieo ioe?iieo ?ici??eiaoaaiue ae?? a oi?i?
aioo??oiueiai iiiieiao, caa?iaiiai ana-oaee aei iaaiiai aae?anaoa.
Aeii?io? a oaeeo noaooyo i?ina?oiuei-aeeaeaeoe/ia ooieoe?y.

Iaeiei c iaeiiioey?i?oeo ? iia?eueieo aeai??a e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee
i?aeai?iiiai aeaaaeoeyoee?ooy a Aaee/ei? aoa iaeyae-?aoeaic?y. Oaeee
aeae e?eoe/iiai aenooio iaa /?oei aecia/aio iaoo: aeaoe oyaeaiiy
/eoa/ai i?i caaaeueiee noai oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e e ie?aieo ?? yaeu,
aecia/eoe ?o i?noea a ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean?. Iae/ano?oa
eia?/ia no?oeoo?a oaeeo iaeyae?a (iniaeeai aacaoieo) neeaaea?oueny c
oaeeo eiiiiiaio?a: caaaeueii? ioe?iee iioi/ieo iiae?e (/e yei?nue
iiae??) e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy; a?eueieo anioe?aoeaieo ia?aoiae?a a?ae
iaeiiai yaeua aei ?ioiai, yne?aai ae?aaeaii? noa’?eoeaiino?.

Aaaeeeaei ??ciiaeaeii e?eoe/ii? noaoo? aoee ia?aaeiiae ? i?neyiiae.
Oaeiai oeio e?eoe/i? aenooie, oi/ ? ia ? /eneaiieie, ana ae iayai? o
oai?/iio aei?iaeo cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo e?oa?aoi??a. Iae/ano?oa ieie
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny oai?e ?a?iiaenueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, ui aeoiaeeee o
na?o o euea?anueeeo aeaeaaieoeoaao /e a?ae?ioaeao i?e ia??iaee/ieo
aeaeaiiyo.

I?aaiaiiy oe?e?niiai inieneaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai ? a?iiaaenueeiai aeeooy ?
iaiao?aei?noue iia?aoeaiiai oa aiaeii/an ?a?oey?iiai ?aaaoaaiiy ia
iioi/i? iiae?? ? yaeua cioneee e?eoee?a caa?iooeny aei e?eoe/ieo
oeeee?a. ?o iniaeea?noth ? oa, ui aiie neeaaeathoueny ?c ??ciiaeai?iaeo
aenooi?a. A?aee?eoa no?oeoo?a oeueiai aeai?o aeicaiey? ienaoe “noi?o?”,
a?eueii ia?aoiaeeoe a?ae i?iaeaie aei i?iaeaie. Iaeiae oaeee
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iee oeeee, i?e an?e nai?e ?ic?ieiooino?, ana ae yaeua
oe?e?nia, ai eiio aeanoea? eiioeaiooaeuei?noue, ni?eueiee nenoaiiee
i?eioeei, oi?iaeueiee ca’ycie i?ae ie?aieie /anoeiaie, noeeueiaa
?aei?noue, ia’?aeioth/? iane??ci? eiiiiceoe?ei? aeaoae?.

Ca niinoa?aaeaiiyi ss.Ai?aeeinueeiai, a Oe?a?i? ?aoeaic?y “?icaeaaeany
aa?ii aae aei 1930 ?ieo” Ai?aeeinueeee ss. E?oa?aoo?ia e?eoeea
i?aenia?onueei? Oe?a?ie. — Euea?a-Ee?a, 1939 / Ithioai, 1985.

. O ioae?eaoe?yo oeueiai oeio ? oa?aeoa?enoeea oai?o oa eiai ioe?iea.
Niin?a a??oiaioaoe?? o eiaeiiio ie?aiiio aeiaaeeo coiiaeaiee
na?oiaeyaeieie iiceoe?yie aaoi?a (ye e?eoeea, oae ? ienueiaiieea),
aae?anaoii ? i?noeai ioae?eaoe??.

Ia/eneaiiith, aea oe?eaaith ? a?oia ?icai?iooeo ?aoeaic?e, ye? ca nai?th
aoaeiaith iaaeeaeathoueny aei e?eoe/ii? noaoo?. Oae? ?aoeaic??
ae?oeoaaeeny a “Aecaiiao”, a “Ae?e?” ? “Iiaiio /an?”, ?o aaoi?aie aoee
aeina?ae/ai? e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?, caeaa?eueoiai i?ioani?e Euea?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Oe? ?aoeaic?? a?aecia/athoueny /?oe?noth ? aeeaeiith
a??oiaioaoe??, aeia?ei ciaiiyi ?aoeaiciaaiiai iaoa??aeo, ae?aaeai?noth
aeoiie, oiea?aioi?noth.

Aei ?aoeaic?? ye iniiaiiai aeai?o “iaeioi?iaoii?” e?eoeee oyae?thoue
oaeiae aiioaoe??, a?ae?ia?ao?/i? cai?oee, o?ii?ea e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy.

Iia?aoeai?noue /aniien?a (ia?aaeon?i aacao, oeaeiaaee?a) aeicaiey?
a?eueo nenoaiaoe/ii aanoe iiao i?i e?oa?aoo?i? oaeoe ? yaeua, caa?oath/e
oaaao ia eeoa ia aecia/i? yaeua, a e ia iacia/i? iiae??. Oiio aeai?
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo cai?oie oa aiioaoe?e aoa aeoaea iiioey?iei o ia??iaeeoe?
on?o ?aeaieia?/ieo i???ioaoe?e. *anoi a?ae?ia?ao?/i? cai?oee e aiioaoe??
aeoiaeeee ca ?aiee “/enoi?” ?ioi?iaoe??, i?iiiioth/e /eoa/ai ? ioe?ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee.

C?inoath/a iio?aaa o aeeaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?ioean?a noaiiaeaiiy ?
oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie e?oa?oaoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo aeai??a niiioea? aeine?aeiee?a
aei ana aeeaoiai aea/aiiy iaeiiai c iaeoe?eaa?oeo — aeai?o e?oa?aoo?iiai
ii?o?aoa (2.5).

Ia a?aei?io a?ae oeiiaiai ia?eno aeeooy ? oai?/ino?,
?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?ii? iiiia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?iee ii?o?ao ia i?aoaiaeo? ia
anaa?/iee aiae?c oai?/ino?, ia aeeaeiia aeine?aeaeaiiy
ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo ?? /eiiee?a. E?oa?aoo?iee ii?o?ao ye aeai?
e?eoeee — oea ia?o ca ana aiae?c ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea,
ii?o?ao yeiai a?aeoai?th?oueny.

?oo oaaae e?eoeea a?ae oai?/ino? aei iniaenoino? ieooey, ci?ia
oe?eueiaiai ianoaaeaiiy aaoi?a i?aoe? i?ecaiaeyoue aei o?ainoi?iaoe??
aeai?o, coiiaeththoue aieea ?ioeo aeai?iaeo ??ciiaeae?a ia e?oa?aoo?iee
ii?o?ao e ia ?io? aeai?e e?eoeee. Naia oiio oae aaaeei aeae?eeoe “/enoee
e?oa?aoo?iee ii?o?ao” ? eiai aeai?ia? ??ciiaeaee. Oiio, ia iaoo aeoieo,
oeae aeai? e?eoeee aeioe?eueii iii?ioaaoe oa?i?iii
“e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iee ii?o?ao”, caeeoeaoe oa?i?i “e?oa?aoo?iee ii?o?ao”
aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeiiai c aeai??a ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e —
?noi?eei–e?oa?aoo?ii? i?ice.

Iniaeeaeie oi?iaie e?oa?aoo?ieo ii?o?ao?a oeueiai ia??iaeo aoee
tha?eaei? noaoo? oa iae?ieiae. Ia?o?, ye i?aaeei, i?noeee aiae?c eeoa
aeiaa?oaieo, cia/ieo oai??a tha?eyioa, ia aeyaeyee i?i?aooie?a /e aaae,
o?enoaaee noaaeuei? ioe?iee a?iiaaenueei? oa e?oa?aoo?ii? ae?yeueiino?
ii?o?aoiaaiiai. A?aeaoee ia nia?oue ienueiaiieea ia?aoai?thaaeenue a
?icai?iooee aiae?c eiai iiaeyae?a, a?iiaaenueei? ae?yeueiino?, oai?/iai
? aeeoo?aiai oeyoo c aeei?enoaiiyi aaeeei? e?eueeino? a?ia?ao?/ieo
iaoa??ae?a ? iniaenoeo niiaaae?a aaoi?a oaeiai e?oa?aoo?iiai ii?o?aoa.
Iiaeia neacaoe, ui naia oae? ii?o?aoe iaea?eueoa oyae?ee aei
iniaeno?nieo ioe?iie noai?aiiy oe?e?niiai ia?aco, oi/ o ieo ia?aaaaeaei
aiioe?eia ia/aei, coiiaeaia aaciina?aaei?ie a?aaeaiiyie a?ae iinoao?
tha?eyioa /e iiia?eiai.

E?oa?aoo?i? ? e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? ii?o?aoe ia noi??ieao euea?anueei?
ia??iaeeee, iii?e naith no?ieao?noue, /anii oi?iaeueio iaaeiaa?oai?noue,
caeeoaeeny e?eoe/ieie ca oiiae, yeui iaee a nia? iciaee, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeania e?oa?aoo?io e?eoeeo, — iioe?iiaoaaee oai?/?noue
c no/anieo e?eoeeia? iiceoe?e.

Ii?aoethaaiiy e?eoe/ieo aeaea?ae aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo aea?
i?aenoaae aiai?eoe i?i /anoioi?noue iiyae a i?ioean? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oaeeo aeai?iaeo oi?i, ye: aiioaoe?? (1716); ?aoeaic?? (849); iaeyaee
(235); ana (132); e?oa?aoo?i? ii?o?aoe (218); i?iaeaii? noaoo? (102);
tha?eaei? noaoo? (97); iieai?/i? noaoo? (59); ?ica?aeee (32); i?e/iio
e?oa?aoo?i? ii?o?aoe e e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? ana aeoaea aeecuee? aei
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo ia?en?a.

Cia/ii ??aeoa ia noi??ieao oiai/anii? ia??iaeeee cono??/a?ii
i?iaeaiii-oaiaoe/i? noaoo? (29); noaoo?-aeine?aeaeaiiy (27); ?ioa?a’th
(9). Nii?aaee/ieie aoee ia?iae??, oaeeaoiie, aeaaeai?/i? a?aeaoee,
iiiia?ao?/i? noaoo?, e?oa?aoo?i? ia?aeae?. ? aeiaeiiai aeiaaeeo
aeei?enoaiiy ianoeoa. Iacaaaeath/e ia ?aeaieia?/i? ?ica?aeiino? aaoi??a
iiaeia c iiaiith ia oea i?aenoaaith oaa?aeeoe, ui an?
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? aenooie a?aeiia?aeathoue iniiaiei ia?aiao?ai
e?eoe/iiai aeeneo?no.

Iaeaaaeeea?oeie c ieo iiaeia aaaaeaoe:

1) ?aeaeii-anoaoe/i? e?eoa???, ye? ae?aaeathoue a?iiaaeyinueeo iiceoe?th
e?eoeea ? eiai e?oa?aoo?io i?ia?aio;

2) e?eoe/iee iaoiae, ui aeeth/a? a naaa i?aeo?ae aei ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o
? caaaeueiee iai?yi eiai aiae?co; i?eioeeie ? e?eoa??? aiae?co, ioe?iee
? o?aeooaaiiy oai?o, a oaeiae ni?aa?aeianaiiy inoaiiueiai c ae?eni?noth
aai a?aenooi?noue oeueiai ni?aa?aeianaiiy ye oaeiai;

3) oa?aeoa? ? ni?yioaaiiy ?ioa?oaenooaeueiiai “canai?iiy” ooaeiaeiueiai
na?oo oaeno?a ienueiaiieea, oeyoe ? caniae eiai c’ynoaaiiy ?
aeei?enoaiiy “/oaeiai neiaa” aeey inieneaiiy ? i?iaiicoaaiiy
e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano a oe?eiio aai ae ie?aieo eiai oaiaeaioe?e;

4) iayai?noue ioae?oeenoe/iino?; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ioae?oeenoe/iino? ?
aeania ioae?oeenoeee i?ae niaith ? c e?oa?aoo?iei aiae?cii;

5) aeai?iaa no?oeoo?oaaiiy ye aeya eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue e?eoeea,
iniaeeainoae inieneaiiy ie?aiiai oai?o, oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea,
e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano.

Oe? ia?aiao?e iiaeia aaaaeaoe oiiaii ??aiii?aaieie. Ie?ai? c ieo
iiaeooue aooe aeii?ioth/eie, ?io? o?a?iaioa?ii i?enooi?ie, aeaye? iiaeia
aeyaeoe ia ??ai? i?aeoaenoo, a ye?nue iiaeooue aooe ? i?inoi
a?aenooi?ie.

Oiio ciiaeaethaaoe iiaeeea? oeiia? aa??aioe e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiai
aeeneo?no aeineoue aaaeei. Oiiaii oae? iiaeae? e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiai
aeeneo?no (IEEAe) iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia aea? a?oie:

IEEAe-1, oiaoi oe?e?nia iiaeaeue, a ye?e iayai? an? iniiai? ia?aiao?e ?
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? a?aeiioaiiy.

IEEAe-2, oiaoi iiaeaeue, a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaii yeeenue iaeei nooo?aee
ia?aiao?.

Aeii?ioth/eie IEEAe ? aeneiae ae?oaiai aeaeo a on?o e?eoee?a, ye?
i?aoethaaee o oie /an. Oe?eeii c?icoi?ei, ui o ??cieo e?eoee?a
niinoa??aa?ii “iaiaeiaeia?noue” aeei?enoaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo ia?aiao??a.
Iaei? a?aecia/athoueny noaa?euei?noth niae?a, ?io? ae iiaeaeththoue nai?
aeeneo?ne caeaaeii a?ae oai??a, aea?aieo aeey aiae?co, aeaeaiue, o yeeo
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ioae?eaoe?y, ??aiy i?aeaioiaee /eoa/?a, ia yeeo
?ic?aoiaaii aenooi, oa ?i.

Aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy neooaoe??, yea neeaeany o 20-30 ??. OO no. a
Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i?, aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue e?eoee?a i?iaeiaaeeea ae?aaiiai?anueeo o?aaeeoe?th o
i?aeoiaeao aei ioe?iee ooaeiaei?o oai??a. Nioe?aeueiee eiiiiiaio ?
aaniethoiith aeii?iaioith o oiai/aniiio e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiio
aeeneo?n?. Iaei?iaeoeoeai?o? — “iae?” oi?ie e?eoeee. Oea coiiaeaii ia
o?eueee aacaoieie ? aeo?iaeueieie ieiuaie, a e aieeaii ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, noni?eueii-a?iiaaenueeeo ? iie?oe/ieo /eiiee?a, ai naia
iae? oi?ie ? iaeiia?aoeai?oeie o ?aaaoaaii? ia iia?, /anoi a??aneai?,
aenooie iiiiaio?a. Ioae?oeenoe/i?noue e?eoeee coiiaeaia ia eeoa
aaoi?nueeei “ss” ? aeai?iaeie aeiiaaie, a e iaiaaaiiyi a?aooaaoe niaee ?
??aaiue i?aeaioiaee iaeoe?oeo ian (oiio aeaaeai?/i?noue e?eoeee aoea
iaaeinoaoiueith).

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano icia/aiiai ia??iaeo aea? i?aenoaae
aiai?eoe i?i oaiaeaioe?th aei neioaco e?eoeee, e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa,
ioae?oeenoeee ? nioe?ieia??, iineeaiiy noa’?eoeaiiai ia/aea a
e?oa?aoo?i?e e?eoeoe?, c?inoaiiy oaaae aei iniaenoino? ienueiaiieea,
a?aeiiao a?ae aeio?eiaiiy aeai?iaeo eaiii?a.

O oeae ia??iae niinoa??aa?oueny iineeaiiy ?aeaieia?/ieo ?
ioae?oeenoe/ieo /eiiee?a ye nenoaiioa??ieo canaae aeeneo?no
iaoe?iiae?noe/ii? e?eoeee, a o?einionueei-anoaoe/ieo — o
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiio aeeneo?n? aaeeoeueeeo “anoao?a”.

Aeniiaee. Aacaoia ? aeo?iaeueia ia??iaeeea icia/aiiai ia??iaeo
cae?enithaaea aaee/acio i?aoeth ii iaa?iiaaeaeaiith oaeo?a,
niinoa?aaeaiue, a?aeiiinoae i?i e?oa?aoo?ia aeeooy o iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo
eiai aeyaao.

O e?oa?aoo?i?e e?eoeoe? i?iyaeee naaa ia o?eueee yne?aa? iinoao?
(A.E?ooaeueieoeueeee, I.?oaeieoeueeee, Ae.Aeiioeia, I.Aiaoeoae,
?.TH.Iaeainueeee), aea e o?ao?e, ia ia?oee iiaeyae, iaei iii?oi?, oa ana
ae cia/ei? a e?oa?aoo?iiio aeeoo? (Iao?i ? Oaio?e Eino?oae,
A?.Eoaeieoeueeee, Ieaenaiae? Iio o.?i.).

Iiyaa iiaeo /aniien?a, o?eaae?noue ?o aeoiaeo, i?e/eie cae?eooy, ?o
noinoiie aei aeo?iae?nonueeeo ? e?oa?aoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e, aei iiaeo
ienoaoeueeeo ooeaiue oa ooaeiaei?o aenia?eiaio?a — ana oea aoei i?iyaii
?aeaeii-anoaoe/iiai e?eoeoeecio ? aiaeii/an oaeoi?ii eiai aeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo.

Iaeoaeeaai?oei ? iaeiiioey?i?oei aeai?ii aoea ?aoeaic?y, iniaeeai
ei?ioea, noenea, c??aeea — iiiia?ao?/ia. Noaoo? o oi?i? iaeyae?a,
ia?en?a, e?oa?aoo?ieo ? e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo ii?o?ao?a caeiaee cia/ia
i?noea o oiai/aniiio e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean?. Iniaeeaith iiioey?i?noth
ei?enooaaeeny tha?eaei? noaoo? oa iae?ieiae. Cia/ii ??aeoa
cono??/athoueny ia noi??ieao i?ane i?iaeaii? noaoo?. I?ae aieeaii
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? o?aaeeoe?? ienueiaiieee e e?oa?aoo?i? e?eoeee
/anoi aeei?enoiaoaaee ana ye aeai?, ui aea? aeiaie? oe?ieee i?ino?? aeey
aeneiaeaiiy aeanieo aeoiie aaoi??a aac aeeaiei? ? /?oei? ?o
a??oiaioaoe??.

A?ae?ia?ao?/i? cai?oee e aiioaoe?? neeaaeathoue iae/eneaii?oo a?oio
e?eoe/ieo aeai??a caaaeaiiai ia??iaeo. Aeei?enoaiiyi ana?noe/ieo
i?eeii?a, ia?aci?noth, aoi?enoe/i?noth a?aecia/athoueny e?eoe/i? aenooie
i?aaenoaaiee?a on?o a?oi e?oa?aoo?ieo e?eoee?a ? ienueiaiiee?a.

O ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? e?eoe/ieo aenooi?a aiae?coaaee
?aeaeii-ci?noiaee /e oaiaoe/iee aniaeoe, a iiaoeea caeeoaeany iica
oaaaith aeine?aeiee?a.

Iiaa ? noeeue e?eoe/ieo aeeneo?n?a caeaaeaee ia o?eueee a?ae i???ioaoe??
ia /eoa/a, oeio ia??iaee/iiai aeaeaiiy, eiai iie?oe/ii? i???ioaoe??, a e
(ui c?icoi?ei) iniae naiiai e?eoeea.

O?aaeeoe?y ioe?ithaaoe ooaeiaei? oai?e ca iioaioe?aeii ?o aeoiaiiai
aieeao ia noni?euenoai (/e a?oie /eoa/?a) caeeoaeany aeoaea no?eeith.

Ioaea, noai ?aeaeii-anoaoe/iiai e?eoeoeecio i?e aeaaaiio ooieoe?iioaaii?
nenoaiii? ia??iaeeee Aaee/eie a 20-30 ??. OO noie?ooy (iii?e ooenee
oeaico?e Ae?oai? ?a/?iiniieeoi? Iieueu?) iaaeeaeaany aei ?a?iiaenueeiai
??aiy, aoa aeineoue ??cii??aeiei (aaoa?iaaiiei). Oiio a?i ? ?aeiaeueiei
eaioethaii o oyaeino? oeo o?aaeeoe?e, ui ?o caii/aoeoaaee oe?a?inuee?
aeo?iaee e aeueiaiaoe e?ioey XIX — ii/aoeo OO no. ?c e?aueie caeiaooeaie
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee 50-80 ?ie?a o ae?anii??
(TH.Oa?ao-Oaaaeueia, A.?iiaiai/oe, E.?oaeieoeueeee, I.Oa?iaanueeee,
A.?oa/ae, A.A?aaiae/, Ae.Aona?-No?oe, I.Iaaeeoei oa ?i.). Inai?iiy
oeueiai aeina?aeo — iaeia c ia?aaeoiia aoaeoeaiiai iiiaeaiiy no/aniiai
e?eoeoeecio a ?icia?oeo oi?iao e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiai aeeneo?no.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Nioe?iaeeiai?ea e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo aeai??a o euea?anuee?e
ia??iaeeoe? 20-30-o ??. OO no. // Iaoeia? caienee. Na??y:
E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. — Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — Aei. 3. — N. 164-168.

2. Euea?anueea ia??iaeeea i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo // Iaoeia? caienee.
Na??y: E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. — Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — Aei. 2. — N. 242-260.

3. “Euea?anueeee Iao?noioaeue” // Iaiae??aaoeue. Ina?oyinueeee aeo?iae.
— 1998. — ? 1. — N. 54-58.

4. Iaea i?ica Aiaaeaia Eaieiai a ioe?ioe? Oaio?ea Eino?oae //
Oai?/?noue Aiaaeaia Eaieiai a eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e OO
noie?ooy. Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii?
125-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ienueiaiieea. — Oa?iii?eue, OAeIO,
1998. — N. 142-145.

5. AEai? e?oa?aoo?iiai ii?o?aoa a aaeeoeuee?e e?eoeoe? 20-30-o ??. OO
no. // Iaoeia? caienee. Na??y: E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. — Oa?iii?eue, 1997. —
Aei. 1. — N. 93-99.

6. Aei ieoaiiy i?i ?icaeoie aeai?o e?oa?aoo?iiai ii?o?aoa a aaeeoeuee?e
ia??iaeeoe? 20-30-o ??. OO no. // Aeooiaia ? iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia
ae?yeuei?noue ?.?.Ia??iea (1882-1972) a eiioaeno? oe?a?inueeiai
aeooiaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy. Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae? 2-? Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (18-19 ethoiai 1997 ?.). —
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee-Ee?a, 1997. — N. 273-275.

7. E?oa?aoo?ia e?eoeea ia noi??ieao aeo?iaeo “Na?o” (1925-1929) //
Ieoaiiy o?eieia??. (Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue). — Oa?iii?eue, 1997. —
Aei. 1. — N. 56-58.

8. Aacaoa “Iacono??/” a oe?a?inueeiio aeaieie?eiiio e?oa?aoo?iiio
i?ioean? // Oe?a?inueea ai???aoe?y a ?noi??? oa e?oa?aoo??. Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? (18-20 aa?aniy 1996 ?.). — Oa?iii?eue, 1996.
— N. 172-174.

9. E?oa?aoo?ia e?eoeea ia noi??ieao euea?anueei? ia??iaeeee (1922-1939)
// Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e oa e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee
iiaeo /an?a. Oace aeiiia?aeae oa iia?aeiieaiue i?aeaoc?anueei?
iaoeiai-oa?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (15-16 o?aaiy 1996). — Oa?e?a, 1996. —
N. 37-38.

10. Ia’?aeiaiiy “Eiain” a eiioaeno? aaeeoeueeiai e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano
20-30-o ??. OO no. // ?ae?a?y ? oea?eaa a iaoe?iiaeueiiio a?ae?iaeaeaii?
Oe?a?ie. (Oace iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??). — Oa?iii?eue, 1993. — N. 42-44.

11. E?oa?aoo?iciaa/ee neiaiee-aeia?aeiee / ?.O.A?ii’ye, TH.?.Eiaae?a oa
?i. — E.: AOe “Aeaaeai?y”, 1997. — N. 43, 180, 249-250, 272-273, 278,
315, 424, 460, 486, 487, 501, 514, 566, 589, 591, 626, 654.

Eo/ia I.C. Noai ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee a Cao?aei?e
Oe?a?i? 20-30-o ??. OO noie?ooy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.01 — oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a. —
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.?.O?aiea, Euea?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? iienaii noai oa iiaiae?ciaaii iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee ye e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiai aeeneo?no
Aaee/eie 20-30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy. Aaoi? ?aeiino?oth? ea?oeio
e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie a neeaae? Ae?oai? ?a/?iiniieeoi?
Iieueu?, ooi/ith? aieea noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo, ?aeaieia?/ieo ?
eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo /eiiee?a ia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th ? aaoa?iaaii?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aeaeii-anoaoe/iiai e?eoeoeecio, a oaeiae nenoaiaoeco?
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? aeai?e, ye? ooieoe?iioaaee a ia??iaeeoe? Aaee/eie
ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo, i?inoaaeoth/e ?o nioe?iaeeiai?eo c iiaeyaeo oai???
anoaoe/ii? eiioi?eaoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?oa?aoo?ia e?eoeea, ia??iaeeea, e?eoe/i? aeai?e,
?aoeaic?y, iaeyae, e?eoe/ia noaooy.

Eo/ia I.C. Ninoiyiea e ooieoeeiie?iaaiea eeoa?aoo?iie e?eoeee a
Caiaaeiie Oe?aeia 20-30-o aa. OO noieaoey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.01 — oe?aeineay eeoa?aoo?a. — Eueaianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ei. E.O?aiei, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth ninoiyiey e iniaaiiinoae
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey eeoa?aoo?iie e?eoeee a Caiaaeiie Oe?aeia 20-30-o aa.
OO noieaoey.

A enneaaeiaaiee ?aeiino?oe?iaaia ea?oeia eeoa?aoo?iie aeecie Aaee/eiu
oeacaiiiai ia?eiaea, a oaeaea ooi/iaii aeeyiea iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeo,
eaeaieiae/aneeo e eoeueoo?ieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia ia aeeooa?aioeeaoeeth e
aaoa?iaaiiinoue ooieoeeiie?iaaiey eaeaeii-ynoaoe/aneiai e?eoeoeecia.
Enneaaeoy ?aciua oi?iu i?iyaeaiey iineaaeiaai, aaoi? niioiineo no?oeoo?o
eeoa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe oe?aeineeo eeoa?aoi?ia n
aiaeiae/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth iieueneeo aeayoaeae eoeueoo?u.

No?oeoo?a iaoa?eaeueiiai noano?aoa oaeouae eeoa?aoo?iie e?eoeee Aaee/eiu
n 1922 ii 1939 aiae, n iaeiie noi?iiu, yoi i?iyaeaiea ninoiyiey e o?iaiy
eaeaeii-ynoaoe/aneiai e?eoeoeecia, eioi?ue neiaeeeny a eoeueoo?iie
n?aaea iauanoaa, a n ae?oaie — noeioe, iaeei ec aeoeaiuo oaeoi?ia aai
?acaeoey, ooieoeeiie?iaaiey eeoa?aoo?iie e?eoeee eae nenoaiu ioeaii/iuo
e?eoa?eaa, aeai?ia, ?aciiaeaeiinoae i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Aioo?aiiae aeooiaii-eaeaaeueiie iniiaie yoie no?oeoo?u auee
nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea (a oii /enea iaoeeiiaeueii-yoe/aneea)
ioiioaiey, eaeaeii-ynoaoe/aneea oaaaeaeaiey, nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneea
iaeeaeaiey, iano?iaiey.

Ia?aaeoeaioaoeey aieiaiey n enoi?ee eaeae e e?eoa?eaa ioeaiee
eeoa?aoo?iuo yaeaiee ia enoi?eth aeayoaeueiinoe e?eoeeia a eiioaenoa
eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie aeecie iiae/a?eeaaao ?ieue e cia/aiea
n?aaenoa acaeiiiiieiaiey iaaeaeo o/anoieeaie eiiioieeaoeaiie neooaoeee —
oi?i auneacuaaiey e?eoeeia, eiaeia eo yooaeoeaiiai iauaiey n ienaoaeyie
e /eoaoaeyie.

*anoioiinoue eniieueciaaiey eeoa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/aneeo aeai?ia
iiae/a?eeaaea eo oeie/ioth no?oeoo?o, iaania/eaaea iai?a?uaiinoue
o?aaeeoeee. Iienuaay ninoiyiea eeoa?aoo?iie e?eoeee oeacaiiiai
ia?eiaea, aaoi? eniieuecoao, i?aaeaea anaai, oa?ieiu, eioi?ua
ooieoeeiie?iaaee a oi a?aiy, iuoaaony ?aeiino?oe?iaaoue iiiyoey,
eioi?ua oeene?iaaeenue eie. Iaoa?eaeii aeey niioiioaiey nenoaiu
iiiyoee-oa?ieiia yaeyaony oaeno ioaeeeaoeee, ioiineoaeueii eioi?uo
eniieuecoaony ii?aaeaeaiiia iacaaiea. A yoie nayce aicieeaao
iaiaoiaeeiinoue niioiioaiey iiiyoee “oaeno” e “aeeneo?n”. Aeeneo?n
oa?aeoa?ecoao oaeno a eiiioieeaoeaiie neooaoeee. I?ioeannoaeueiia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiea oaenoa nii?iaiaeaeaaony aai aeeiaieciii,
iaoneaaeeaaaony acaeiiioiioaieyie noauaeoia eiiioieeaoeee iin?aaenoaii
nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo, eoeueoo?ieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia
iaaa?aaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a.

A ?aaioa aianaiu ei??aeoeau a ii?aaeaeaiey iaeioi?uo aeai?ia
eeoa?aoo?iie e?eoeee e oa?aeoa?enoeeo eo iiyoeee; ?ac?aaioaia
nianoaaiiay eiioeaioeey nenoaiu aeai?ia eeoa?aoo?iie e?eoeee,
i?ineaaeaia eo nioeeiaeeiaieea n oi/ee c?aiey oai?ee ynoaoe/aneie
eiiioieeaoeee.

Ninoiyiea eaeaeii-ynoaoe/aneiai e?eoeoeecia i?e iaeeaeaiiii
ooieoeeiie?iaaiee nenoaiiie ia?eiaeeee Aaee/eiu a 20-30-o aa. OO
noieaoey i?eaeeaeaeinue e aa?iiaeneiio o?iaith, auei aeinoaoi/ii
?acii?iaeiui (aaoa?iaaiiui).

Iiyoiio iii yaeyaony niaaeeieoaeueiui caaiii iaaeaeo onoaiiaeaoeieny
o?aaeeoeeyie oe?aeineeo aeo?iaeia e aeueiaiaoia eiioea XIX — ia/aea OO
aaea e eo/oeo aeinoeaeaiee oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?iie e?eoeee 50-80-o
aiaeia a aeeanii?a.

Caneoaeeaaao aieiaiey ninoaaeaiiay aaoi?ii aeaeeia?aoey
eeoa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/aneeo iaoa?eaeia, iioaeeeiaaiiuo ia no?aieoeao
caiaaeiioe?aeineie ia?eiaeeee 20-30-o aa. OO noieaoey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eeoa?aoo?iay e?eoeea, ia?eiaeeea, e?eoe/aneee aeai?,
?aoeaicey, iaci?, e?eoe/aneay noaouey.

Kuchma N.Z. The state and function of literary criticism in Western
Ukraine 20s-30s of the XX th century. — Manuscript.

A thesis for a candidate degree of philological scientes on specialty
10.01.01. — Ukrainian Literature. — Lviv State University named after
I.Franko, Lviv, 1999.

This dissertation analyzis the state and peculiarities of functioning
Ukrainian literary criticism as a literary-critical discourse in
Halychyna during the 1920’s and 1930’s.

The author reproduces the literary life of Western Ukraine af the time
of the Second Polish Republic. Also, it analyzes the influence of social
and political trends on the differentiation and functioning of aesthetic
criticism.

The research suggests a system of genres in literary criticism that were
found periodicals from Halychyna during the time of the Second Polish
Republic.

Key words: literary criticism, periodicals, critical review, literary
review, critical article, genres of literary criticism.

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