Сітьове моделювання процесу програмно-цільового управління економічними системами: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / В.А. Вишневська, Київ. нац. екон

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AEIIII?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AEOIAANUeEA A?EOI??ss AIAOIE??AIA

OAeE 338:330.115

N?OUeIAA IIAeAETHAAIIss I?IOeANOI?IA?AIII-Oe?EUeIAIAI OI?AAE?IIss

AEIIII?*IEIE NENOAIAIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.03.02 —

aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo

iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee ? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo
E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy oa aeiiii?ee

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

NONEIA Ieaa Iaaeiae/,

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo
I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo i?iaeai
aeiiii?ee aaeocae IAE ?

aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

OEA*AIEI ?aai Naiaiiae/, Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a ? iiaeaeae;

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

A?ANEAAOeAA Ieaenaiae? Aieiaeeie?iae/, ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino?
IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ naeoi?a a?aeae?eo i?iaeai aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai a
aeiiii?oe?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 26 » aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.006.01 o Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252057,
i.Ee?a-57, i?iniaeo Ia?aiiae, 54/1, aoaeeoi??y 214.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I.Ae.Oa?aiia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/aniee aoai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ea?aeeiaeueiith ia?aaoaeiaith ainiiaea?nueeiai
iaoai?cio, yea iai?aaeaia ia noaa?e?caoe?th aeiiii?ee oa ?? iiaeaeueoa
i?aeianaiiy. Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo iai?yi?a ae??oaiiy oe??? neeaaeii?
i?iaeaie ? ?ic?iaea ? ?aae?caoe?y oe?eueiaeo i?ia?ai, ye? aecia/athoue
iinoaiiaeo iaiao?aeieo caaea/, oe?eae ? iaoiae?a ?o ae??oaiiy.

Iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai iaoiaeo a ieaioaaii?
oa oi?aae?ii? ia an?o ??aiyo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa coiiaeaia oei, ui
?icaeoie aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ye neeaaeiiai eiiieaeno (neeaaeii? nenoaie)
iio?aao? ae??oaiiy ianooaaieo caaea/ c a?aooaaiiyi aeeiai?cio ??
no?oeoo?e ? iiiaeeie ca’yce?a. A /ene? ia?oi/a?aiaeo aeieea? caaea/a
iineeaiiy i???ioaoe?? aeiiii?ee ia aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaaeo
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeo ?acoeueoao?a, iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, i?enei?aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa. Iniaeeaa oaaaa iiaeiia aooe i?eae?eaia
ae??oaiith iecee aaeeeiianooaaieo caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo caaea/ c
a?aooaaiiyi anueiai ??ciiiai?ooy aniaeo?a ?icaeoeo ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, iaiaaeaiue c i?e?iaeieo, ae?iaie/eo, o?iainiaeo ?
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a.

?ic?iaea oe?eueiaeo i?ia?ai iiaeiia cae?enithaaoeny ia iniia? nenoaiiiai
aiae?co, yeee yaey? niaith iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae ?
a?aeiioaiue a ia’?eoao ca aeiiiiiaith i?aaenoaaeaiiy ?o o aeaeyae?
oe?eani?yiiaaieo nenoai ? aea/aiiy aeanoeainoae oeeo nenoai ?
aca?iia?aeiioaiue i?ae oe?eyie ? cania?a ?o ?aae?caoe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai i?aeoiaeo a
aeine?aeaeaii? ?icaeoeo ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy neeaaeieo aeiiii?/ieo nenoai
coiiaeaia iaiiaeeea?noth i?eeiyooy iaa?oioiaaieo ??oaiue uiaei
aeuacacia/aieo i?iaeai ia ??ai? oiiaeyaeieo caeeth/aiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o E??iaia?aaenueeiai
?inoeoooo ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy oa aeiiii?ee ii oai? «Aaeineiiaeaiiy
no?oeoo?e ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee» oa Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo I?iaeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie ii oai? «Aaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ae?iaieoeoaa
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy
oa iaa?oiooaaiiy caoiae?a uiaei iie?ioaiiy oi?aae?iiy eiiieaenii» (?
aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0198U004369), i?e ?ic?iaoe? Eiiieaenii?
aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei 2010 ?ieo o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?icii?yaeaeaiiyi I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae 15 ea?oiy
1995 ?ieo ? 74-95-?I ? Iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie a?ae 15
eenoiiaaea 1995 ?ieo ? 911, a oaeiae Iaoe?iiaeueii? aia?aaoe/ii?
i?ia?aie Oe?a?ie aei 2010 ?ieo, caoaa?aeaeaii? Iinoaiiaith Aa?oiaii?
?aaee Oe?a?ie a?ae 15 o?aaiy 1996 ?ieo ? 191/96-A?.

Iaoiaeieia?y aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaeo iaoiae?a ciaeoea aeineoue
oe?iea a?aeia?aaeaiiy a e?oa?aoo??. Oeei ieoaiiyi i?ena’y/ai? i?aoe?
Aieoaeiaa A.I., Aa?nooeueeiai ss.A., Ai?iaethea A.I., A?aneaaoeaaa I.A.,
Aeaieeiaa-Aeaieeyia A.I., ?aaiiaa I.?., ???eiaa A.A., Ee?eaiaea Ae.,
Eeiaa O., I?eueia?a A.C., Ii?iciaa I.?., Iiniaeiaa A.N., ?oaaia A.ss.,
Naeoeeiaa A.A., Naiio?ia TH.I., Noneiaa I.I., Oaiaiaoeaaa A.A. oa ?ioeo.
A ?iaioao oeeo a/aieo ae??oaii oe?iea eiei i?iaeai oai??? ? i?aeoeee
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy. ?acii c oei, ?yae ieoaiue oeueiai
aaaeeeaiai iaoeiaiai iai?yio caeeoa?oueny iaae??oaiei, aai ae??oaiei
/anoeiai. Cie?aia, iaei oaaae i?eae?eaii ieoaiiyi aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oe?eae oi?aae?iiy
aeiiii?/ieie nenoaiaie, a?aeai?o i?iaeai oa iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy. Oe? ieoaiiy ia a?aeia?aaeai? ? a
?ic?iaeaieo a inoaii? ?iee ?yaeo aea?aeaaieo, i?aeaaeocaaeo, aaeocaaeo ?
?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ca’yceo c aeeeaaeaiei iaoith
aeena?oaoe?? ? ?ic?iaea ia aac? aeei?enoaiiy n?oueiaeo iaoiae?a
iiaeaethaaiiy ? no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
canaae iiaoaeiae ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy.

Iaoa ?iaioe coiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaea/:

aeaoe ioe?ieo no/aniiai noaio aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie;

ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aeiiii?/io nenoaio ye ia’?eo i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai
oi?aae?iiy;

i?iaiae?coaaoe ?nioth/? iaoiaee a?aeai?o i?iaeai aeey i?ia?aiii?
?aae?caoe??;

noi?ioethaaoe e?eoa???, ui aecia/athoue iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaeo iaoiae?a;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oe?eae ? oii?yaeeoaaiiy caoiae?a
i?ia?aie ca oe?eueiaith iciaeith;

noai?eoe nenoaio ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy;

iiaoaeoaaoe n?oueiao iiaeaeue i?ioeano i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy
? ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi ?? ?aae?caoe??;

aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia ia?niaeoeao ?,
cie?aia, aaeocae iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai eiiieaeno;

?ic?iaeoe iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aiieo caaaeaiue.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — noeoii?noue
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo aniaeo?a i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ia iniia?
iaoiae?a i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
neeaaei? aeiiii?/i? nenoaie ??cieo ??ai?a oi?aae?iiy.

Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
caeiiii??iino? ? i?eioeeie oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie
ia’?eoaie, a oaeiae nenoaiiee aiae?c aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a. Oai?aoe/iei
ooiaeaiaioii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee i?aoe? i?ia?aeieo a/aieo a aaeocyo
nenoaiiiai aiae?co, i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy, n?oueiaeo iaoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy, oai??? a?ao?a, ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a oi?aae?iiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaai? i?aeoiaee aei a?aeai?o i?iaeai oi?aae?iiy i?e
?ic?iaoe? oe?eueiaeo i?ia?ai.

2. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?nioth/eo eia?ei-oiiaeyaeieo i?aeoiae?a ?ic?iaeai?
oi?iae?ciaai? iaoiaee no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oe?eae oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/iith
nenoaiith ? oii?yaeeoaaiiy caoiae?a i?ia?aie.

3. Ae??oai? ieoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy caaea/
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/iith nenoaiith.

4. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? n?oueiaa iiaeaeue i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy
aeiiii?/iith nenoaiith oa aeai?eoi ?? ?aae?caoe??.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

iaoiaeeea oii?yaeeoaaiiy ca oe?eueiaith iciaeith caoiae?a oe?eueiai?
eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie (OeEI);

aeai?eoi iie?ieiaiai aiae?co iioie?a ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e ?aae?caoe??
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei caaea/ oi?aae?iiy;

aeai?eoi ia?aoai?aiiy no?oeoo?ii oii?yaeeiaaii? ???a?o?/ii? nenoaie
oe?eae (a?aoa oeio “aea?aai”) a aaaaoiaa??aioiee iai?aaeaiee a?ao;

?oa?aoe?eiee aeai?eoi iioei?caoe?? ?ic?aooieiaiai aa??aioo n?oueiai?
iiaeae?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe??
iaoiaee i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy aeineoue oi?aa?naeuei? ?
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai aeey aeiiii?/ieo nenoai
??cieo ??ai?a oi?aae?iiy ? ia??iae?a ieaioaaiiy c iaoith iaea?eueo
iaa?oioiaaii? ?o iiaoaeiae ? aeai?o oeyo?a ?aae?caoe??. I?aeoe/ia
aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaiey? o aeiaaeeo ci?ie
aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? (oe?eae, ianya?a ?ano?n?a, o?eaaeino? ia??iaeo
oiui) iia?aoeaii ?ic?iaeoe iiaee aa??aio i?ia?aie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia ?anioae?eainueeeo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo «No/ani? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee a ?eieia?e
aeiiii?oe?» (Ee?a, 1998 ?.) ? «I?iaeaie aeiiii?/iiai ?eceeo : aiae?c oa
oi?aae?iiy» (Ee?a, 1998 ?.), ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo a
Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (EIAO),
E??iaia?aaenueeiio ?inoeooo? ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ? aeiiii?ee
(E??OA), ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a EIAO ? eaoaae??
aeiiii?ee ? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo E??OA. ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? iai?yie
?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie oa?eoee neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aei Eiiieaenii?
aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei 2010 ?ieo, a iaoai?ci
?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aiieo caaaeaiue aeei?enoaiee i?e ?ic?iaoe?
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aia?aaoe/ii? i?ia?aie Oe?a?ie aei 2010 ?ieo.
Cai?iiiiiaaia a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeea aeei?enoiao?oueny a o/aiaiio
i?ioean? E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy oa
aeiiii?ee.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii iiiia?ao?th ? 4 noaoo?
caaaeueiei ianyaii 9,0 ae?oe.a?e., c yeeo 5,9 ae?oe.a?e. iaeaaeaoue
iniaenoi aaoi?o.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny iinoaaeaiith iaoith, caaea/aie ?
i?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith aeeiiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue i?e ae??oaii?
iinoaaeaieo caaea/. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a (13 ioieo?a), aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui
i?noeoue 72 iaeiaioaaiiy, ia?aoiao? 168 noi??iie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo,
28 ?enoie?a, 12 oaaeeoeue.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieacaii iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?icae?ee aeena?oaoe?? iathoue oae? iacae:

?icae?e 1. Nooi?noue ? caaea/? i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy
aeiiii?/ieie nenoaiaie.

?icae?e 2. Nenoaiaoecaoe?y caoiae?a i?ia?aie oa ?ioi?iaoe?eia
caaacia/aiiy i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/iith nenoaiith.

?icae?e 3. Iiaeaethaaiiy oa i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy
?aae?caoe??th i?ia?ai.

O aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A aeiaeaoeo i?noeoueny aeieoiaioaoe?y c ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co no/aniiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai iieiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aeeaieeie e?eciaeie yaeuaie. Oeyoii ocaaaeueiaiiy oeueiai aiae?co
aeyaeai? iniiai? i?e/eie oyaeeiai noaiiaeua aeiiii?ee, aei yeeo
a?aeiinyoueny oae?:

ia?ao?ae aei ?eieo c?oeioaaa i?eioeeiia? iieiaeaiiy ieaiiaiai ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie, a iia? ?eieia? ?aaoeyoi?e ua ia aecia/ai? ? oiio ia
ae?thoue a iaoii?yaeeiaaiiio nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio na?aaeiaeu?;

aea?aeaaith iaeaea ia iaeiie/othoueny ? ia aeae?eythoueny ye ?ai?oa
eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy aeey aoae?aieoeoaa ? ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa
? oei a?eueoa aeey no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee;

iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy ? caoo i?iaeoeoe?? cae?enith?oueny ia
oeaio?ae?ciaaii, a a?aeaeai? noeo?? ?eieo c eiai o?iainiaith ?
nioe?aeueiith ianoaa?euei?noth;

aei nueiai /ano ia aecia/aia aeiaaeueia oe?eue aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaae ? ia iaa?oioiaai? caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeuei? oe?e?, ia ?ic?iaeaia
no?aoaa?y ?icaeoeo ia ia?niaeoeao ? iaa?oue ia ia??iae aeoiaeo ?c e?ece.
A?eueo oiai, ca?ac noni?euenoai ia ia? ieai?a ?icaeoeo i? ia i’yoe??/eo,
i? ia ??e.

A?aoiaoth/e, ui a 1997 ?. iai?oeeeny aeaye? oaiaeaioe?? noaa?e?caoe??
aeiiii?ee, aeeiiaiee aeineiiaeueiee aiae?c noaio
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai iieiaeaiiy e?a?ie a 1996 ?., a oiio /ene? ? ii
aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Iniiaiei aeniiaeii oeueiai aiae?co ?
oa, ui aac ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy o?iainiai? noaa?e?caoe?? iiaeeeaino?
iiaeaeueoi? noaa?e?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa aeoaea iaiaaeai?, a ii ?yaeo
aaeocae i?aeoe/ii caaeieiaai?. ? aieiaia, i?e oaia??oi?e neooaoe??
noaa?e?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa ia aea? oeo ?acoeueoao?a, ye? a?ae ia?
i/?eothoueny, aiia i?aeoe/ii ia o?ainoi?io?oueny a nioe?aeueio noa?o.
?iaeoa eaaeo/e, ae?iaieoeoai i?aoeth? ca?aaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ca?aene aieiaiee aeniiaie i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co iieyaa? a oiio, ui
iaei??th c i?e/ei oaeiai noaiiaeua ? i?aeoeea ?ic?iaee i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo
ie?aieo aaeocae aac aca?iioa’ycee c i?ia?aiith no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae
aeiiii?ee. I?e oaeiio i?aeoiae? aaeocaa? i?ia?aie ia a?aoiaothoue
aeiaaeuei? ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nuee? oe?e?, oiaoi ia iaoe?eai? ia e?ioeaa?
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?/? ?ioa?ane. Oe? ieoaiiy iiaeooue aooe oni?oii ae??oai?
a ?aieao oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeii ie?aieo
aaeocae, aca?iioa’ycaieo c oe?eueiaith eiiieaeniith i?ia?aiith ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee e?a?ie. Oea ia’?eoeaii coiiaeaii oei, ui ia?iaeia
ainiiaea?noai yaey? niaith ?aeeiee iaoai?ci c oeaio?ae?ciaaiith
nenoaiith i?iaiicoaaiiy eiai ?icaeoeo oa oi?aae?iiy iei.

Iio?aaa a ?ic?iaoe? oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai coiiaeaia oaeiae
iaiao?aei?noth iineeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy aaciaeie aaeocyie
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, aac /iai iaiiaeeeaee aeo?ae aeiiii?ee ?c
e?eciaiai noaio. Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaea oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai a
no/anieo oiiaao iiaeiia noaoe oith iniiaith, yea iiaea caaacia/eoe
aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ia?iaeiei ainiiaea?noaii ? caaacia/eoe
i?aeaeuaiiy iaa?oioiaaiino? ? aoaeoeaiino? ??oaiue, ui i?eeiathoueny c
ieoaiue noaa?e?caoe?? oa ia?iuoaaiiy oaii?a c?inoaiiy aeiiii?ee.

A ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? aeanoeaino? neeaaeii? aeiiii?/ii?
nenoaie, ye ia’?eoo i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy (neeaaei?noue
???a?o?/ii? no?oeoo?e, niaoeeo?ea i?e?iaee aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a,
oe?e?ni?noue (aia?aeaeaioi?noue), neeaaei?noue ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a,
iiiaeeii?noue oe?eae, aeeiai?/iee ? noioanoe/iee oa?aeoa? i?ioean?a,
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeuei?noue).

Aei iniiaieo i?eioeei?a ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? OeEI a?aeianai? oae?:

i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy ae?yeueiino? an?o aeeiiaaoe?a aeinyaiaiith iinoaaeaieo
e?ioeaaeo oe?eae;

ocaiaeaeaiiy caaaeaiue an?o aeeiiaaoe?a c ianya?a ? no?ie?a aeeiiaiiy
caoiae?a;

caaacia/aiiy anoaiiaeaieo caaaeaiue a iiaiiio ianyc? an?ia aeaeaie
?ano?n?a;

aea?? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo aa??aio?a ? cania?a aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaaeo
oe?eae aeoiaey/e ?c ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ioa?an?a;

iino?eiee aiae?c ? eiio?ieue ca oiaeii aeeiiaiiy i?ia?aiieo caaaeaiue;

iino?eia ei?eaoaaiiy iieaciee?a i?ia?aie i?e ci?i? neooaoe?? a
aeiiii?/i?e nenoai?.

Aaaeeeaei aoaiii ?ic?iaee OeEI ? aecia/aiiy ? oi?ioethaaiiy e?eoa???a
a?aeai?o i?iaeai aeey ?o i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe??. A ca’yceo c oeei
ocaaaeueiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c oeueiai ieoaiiy ? noi?ioeueiaaia
iiiaieeaoo?a e?eoa???a (anueiai 25).

Ioe?ithth/e iiiaeeio i?iaeai oi?aae?iiy, iiaeia ciaeoe ?ene oeo /e ?ioeo
e?eoa???a, aea iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aeey ?ic?iaee OeEI ?
a?aeiia?aei?noue i?iaeaie o?ueii iniiaiei e?eoa??yi:

/aniaeo oa?aeoa? i?iaeaie;

eieae?co?i?noue i?ia?aiiiai ia’?eoo;

iaiiaeeea?noue ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie a caaeai? no?iee i?e ?nioth/iio
iaoai?ci? oi?aae?iiy.

I?ioean a?aeai?o i?iaeai aeey i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe?? ?icaeoee ia 5
aoai?a: aiae?c aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??; aecia/aiiy ia?ae?eo i?iaeai, ui
noiyoue ia?aae ia’?eoii; ia?aa??ea iayaiino? a i?iaeaiao iciae, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue e?eoa??yi aeai?o caaea/, ui i?aeeyaathoue ae??oaiith;
aea?? i?iaeai aeey i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe??; ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiieo iaoiae?a.

I?e ?ic?iaoe? OeEI aeieeathoue 3 caaea/? nenoaiiiai aiae?co:

aecia/aiiy ? aeaoae?caoe?y iniiaieo aeaiaio?a oe?eae, ye? aaaeooue aei
ae??oaiiy i?iaeai, ui a?ae?a?ai? aeey i?ia?aiii? ?ic?iaee;

aecia/aiiy oeyo?a aeinyaiaiiy oaeeo oe?eae (oi?ioaaiiy oi?aae?inueeeo
ae?e, ui iai?aaeai? ia ?o ?aae?caoe?th);

anoaiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo i?ae ieie i?ae??aiaaeo ? aioo??oiuei??aiaaeo
ca’yce?a.

Aeey ae??oaiiy oeeo caaea/ cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oe?eae
[1], yeee iniiaaiee ia aeacaa?oaaii? i?iaeaie, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, ia
neeaaeia? aeaiaioe c ianooiiith /enaeueiith ioe?ieith ?o a?aeiinii?
aaaeeeaino?. Iaoiae aeicaiey? ?icoe?oiieoe aieiaio oe?eue ?ic?iaey?ii?
i?ia?aie ia i?aeoe?e? oaeei /eiii, ui a ?acoeueoao? aoaea noi?iiaaia
???a?o?/ii oii?yaeeiaaia nenoaia oe?eae.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy, ye? iiaeii? iaia’yceiai
ia?aaeoaaoe i?ioeano iiaoaeiae n?oueiai? iiaeae? i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai
oi?aae?iiy. Oea ia?o ca ana — oii?yaeeoaaiiy nenoaie caoiae?a i?ia?aie
ca oe?eueiaith iciaeith.

Oeae i?ioean cae?enith?oueny ca oaeeo aoai?a:

aecia/aiiy an??? noeoiiino? caoiae?a ? oa?oioaaiiy ?o ii eeanao oe?eae
(aeiiii?/i?, oaoi?/i?, i?aai?caoe?ei? oiui);

oi?ioaaiiy eiiieaen?a caoiae?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny caaaeueiith
oe?eueiaith iai?aaeai?noth;

oi?ioethaaiiy oe?eae a?eueo aenieiai ??aiy, ye? aeo?eathoue ?c ci?noa
oe?eueiai? iai?aaeaiino? eiiieaen?a caoiae?a;

aecia/aiiy oe?e? ioeueiaiai (naiiai aa?oiueiai) ?aiao;

cono??/iee aiae?c noi?iiaaiiai “aea?aaa caoiae?a”;

inoaoi/ia oi?ioaaiiy “aea?aaa”, yea ? ii/aoeiaith ia?aaeoiiaith
iiaoaeiae i?inoi?iai-/aniai? iiaeae? i?ioeano ?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaieo
caoiae?a.

Oii?yaeeoaaiiy caoiae?a i?ia?aie aeicaiey? oieeiooe noeo?eiino? ?
iaiaa?oioiaaiino? aeeth/aiiy caoiae?a a caaaeuei? ieaie ?ia?o.

Ae?oaith aaaeeeaith ia?aaeoiiaith noai?aiiy n?oueiai? iiaeae? i?ioeano
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aai?caoe?y eiai
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy.

Aeoiaey/e ?c iniiaieo i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe??,
noi?ioeueiaaieo aeaaeai?eii A.N.Iai/eiiaei, a oaeiae i?eioeei?a
noai?aiiy iiai? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? noi?iiaaia nenoaia
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeiaiai caaacia/aiiy (?AeC) caaea/
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy. Ia iniia? aeiia aei ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie c?iaeaiee aiae?c iioie?a ?ioi?iaoe??, yeee aeicaieea aecia/eoe
iiiaieeaoo?o ao?aeieo aeaieo, aeaea?aea ?o ooai?aiiy ? ia?ae?e
i?ia?aiieo iiaeoe?a, ui ?aae?cothoue i?ioeane noai?aiiy ?AeC,
iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy, iia?aoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?
oi?ioaaiiy aeo?aeii? aeieoiaioaoe??.

A i?ioean? noai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeiaiai caaacia/aiiy ?ic?iaeai?
aeaoaeuei? noaie ?ooo ?ioi?iaoe?? ia aoaiao oi?ioaaiiy ao?aeieo
aeieoiaio?a, ?ic?aooieo /aniaeo ia?aiao??a n?oueiai? iiaeae?, aaia?aoe??
aeo?aeieo aeieoiaio?a, oi?ioaaiiy ?ic?aooieiaiai aa??aioo n?oueiai?
iiaeae?, oi?ioaaiiy aaaaoiaa??aioii? n?oueiai? iiaeae?, caaaeueia noaia
?ooo ?ioi?iaoe?? a nenoai?, oe?oiiaia noaia iioie?a ?ioi?iaoe?? a
aaoiiaoeciaai?e nenoai? i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy (ANIOeO). E??i
oiai, iaaaaeai? aeie-noaie ooieoe?iioaaiiy ANIOeO ? oi?ioaaiiy ?AeC.

Aeieeaaeii ae??oai? ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?? i?aeaioiaee ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey
oi?ioaaiiy iiaeae? i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy. I?e oeueiio
iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeae?eaia caaea/a i?ecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo oa
i?aai?caoe?eieo (ii nai?e nooiino? aeueoa?iaoeaieo) ca’yce?a i?ae
aeaiaioaie OeEI. Oaoiieia?/i? ca’ycee iiaeii? aecia/aoeny eiiiaoaioieie
i?aaenoaaieeaie i?aai?a i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy ? a?aeia?aaeaoe
oaoiieia?th aeeiiaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo aeaiaio?a i?ia?aie, a aeueoa?iaoeai?
i?ecia/athoueny a AII aaoiiaoe/ii ? a?aeia?aaeathoue iiaeeea? aa??aioe
aeeiiaiiy aeaiaio?a, ye? ia noia?a/aoue anoaiiaeai?e oaoiieia??.
Noeoii?noue oaoiieia?/ieo ? aeueoa?iaoeaieo ca’yce?a aeicaiey? oa’ycaoe
an? /anoeie i?ia?aie a aaaaoi??aiaao n?oueiao iiaeaeue, ia aac? yei?
ae??oothoueny ieoaiiy ieaioaaiiy ?ia?o aeeiiaaoe?a c ?aae?caoe??
oe?eueiaeo i?ia?ai.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ae??oai? oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei? ieoaiiy i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy ?aae?caoe??th oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui
oi?aae?iiy oiaeii ?aae?caoe?? OeEI aaeueie aoaeoeaii ia iniia?
aeei?enoaiiy n?oueiaeo iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy.

Iniiaiith ia?aaeoiiaith iiaoaeiae n?oueiai? iiaeae? ? noi?iiaaia ia
ia?oeo aoaiao ?ic?iaee i?ia?aie ???a?o?/ia nenoaia oe?eae (a?ao oeio
“aea?aai”). A?aoiaoth/e, ui ?nioth/? aeai?eoie ia caaacia/othoue
oi?ioaaiiy n?oueiai? iiaeae? ? ia aeicaieythoue a?aeia?aceoe ?nioth/?
aca?iica’ycee i?ae ie?aieie caoiaeaie, cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi
ia?aoai?aiiy a?aoa oeio “aea?aai”, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey
no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oe?eae, a iai?aaeaiee [3]. Iiaoaeiaaiee a?ao yaey?
niaith n?oueiao iiaeaeue, yea ia? aaaaoi??aiaao

no?oeoo?o, ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiaeiee ?c ??ai?a ye naiino?eiee
ii/aoeiaee iaoa??ae aeey oi?aae?iiy ia a?aeiia?aeiiio ??ai? ea??aieoeoaa
i?ia?aiith.

Aacoiiaii, a?ao?/ia cia?aaeaiiy iiaeae? i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy OeEI ?
iaaeyaeiei ? c?icoi?eei. Aea cia?aaeaiiy a?aoa a iai’yo? AII ia naia
c?o/ia. O ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? ieoaiiy i?i ?aoe?iiaeueia ?ici?uaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei n?oueiai? iiaeae?, oiio ui aiii ia? i?eioeeiiaee aieea
ia aoaeoeai?noue aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee oe??? ?ioi?iaoe??.

A oai??? a?ao?a eeane/ieie niiniaaie i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?ao?a ? iao?eoe?
?ioeeaeaioe?e ? noi?aeiinoae. Aea oe? iao?eoe? caeiathoue aaaaoi iai’yo?
AII, a iiooe a ieo iaiao?aeieo aeaiaio?a iio?aao? ia?aai?o cia/ieo
ianya?a ?ioi?iaoe??. A ca’yceo c oeei cai?iiiiiaaii i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aoa
o aeaeyae? ianeao ia? eiae?a, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue ca’ycee i?ae
aa?oeiaie. A eiaei?e no?i/oe? oaeiai ianeao e??i eiaeo ca’yceo
i?inoaaey?oueny ? iciaea eiai aeueoa?iaoeaiino?. A oaeiio aeiaaeeo
e?euee?noue no?ie a ianea? iaiaaeo?oueny e?euee?noth aeoa a?aoa, a ianea
ni?oo?oueny a ii?yaeeo c?inoaiiy eiae?a aa?oei ? oiio iiooe aeaiaio?a ?
eaaeei.

Aeey oi?ioaaiiy aaaaoiaa??aioii? n?oueiai? iiaeae? iaiao?aeia i?ia?aia c
oaeeie iiaeoeyie: ia?iaea ??ai?a “aea?aaa oe?eae”, ooai?aiiy
aeueoa?iaoeaieo ca’yce?a, aaaaeaiiy ? ia?iaea oaoiieia?/ieo ca’yce?a,
?icoe?oiiaiiy aa?oei iiia?aaeiueiai ??aiy. A ?acoeueoao? ?iaioe oaei?
i?ia?aie oi?io?oueny ianea, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e ?aae?caoe??
aeai?eoi?a iioei?caoe?? iiaeae?.

sseui iioei?caoe?y n?o? cae?enith?oueny ii /aniaiio e?eoa??th, oi iiaea
noaoeny oae, ui aeaye? aeeiiaaoe? ia?aaaioaaeai?. I?e oeueiio
i?iiiio?oueny 2 aa??aioa ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano iioaaiai? iioei?caoe??
n?o?.

Ii ia?oiio aa??ioo nii/aoeo i?ecia/a?oueny e?euee?noue ia?ai?uaiue
o?aaiaio?a, yea aecia/a? neeaae iaei??? ?oa?aoe?? aeai?eoio. Iio?i
aeae?athoueny o?aaiaioe, ye? iathoue iaeiaioo o?eaae?noue aeeiiaiiy.
Aiie “coeaathoueny” i?ae niaith. Oeae i?ioean iiaoi?th?oueny no?eueee
?ac?a, ne?eueee aoei i?ecia/aii ia?ai?uaiue. A ?acoeueoao? oi?io?oueny
no?eueee ae iiaeo o?aaiaio?a.

I?ney ia?oi? ?oa?aoe?? ciiao cae?enith?oueny aiae?c caaaioaaeaiiy
aeeiiaaoe?a ? aeeiio?oueny ae?oaa ?oa?aoe?y.

Iiaea noaoeny, ui a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ?yaeo ?oa?aoe?e e?eoa??e ia aoaea
caaeia?eueiaiee, a noia o?eaaeinoae ia?ai?uaiue o?aaiaio?a aeeaea ca
iaae? e?eoe/iiai oeyoo a?aoa. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui i?e ?nioth/eo
ao?aeieo ia?aiao?ao a nenoaio a caaeai? aee?aeoeai? aai ?ic?aooieia?
no?iee i?ia?aia ia iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaia. A oaeiio aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeii
ei?aaoaaoe ao?aei? ia?aiao?e aai no?ie caaa?oaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno
caoiae?a.

Ae?oaee aa??aio aeai?eoio aeeth/a? oae? aoaie:

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co caaaioaaeaiiy aeeiiaaoe?a oi?io?oueny iiiaieeaoo?a
o?aaiaio?a, a aeeiiaii? yeeo aa?ooue o/anoue ia?aaaioaaeai? aeeiiaaoe?.

2. Neeaaeathoueny ia?e o?aaiaio?a c iaeiaioeie o?eaaeinoyie, aea aaea ?c
?o neeaaeo, aeae?eaiiai ia ia?oiio aoai?. I?e oeueiio iaeia ?oa?aoe?y
iieyaa? a iaeii?aciaiio ia?ai?uaii? o?aaiaio?a, a aeeiiaii? yeeo
i?eeiathoue o/anoue an? ia?aaaioaaeai? aeeiiaaoe?.

3. Cae?enith?oueny iiaoi?iee ?ic?aooiie /aniaeo ia?aiao??a ? aiae?c
caaaioaaeaiiy aeeiiaaoe?a. sseui e?eoa??e ia aeinyaiooee, i?ioean
iiaoi?th?oueny.

I/aaeaeii, ae?oaee aa??aio aeai?eoio neeaaei?oee c oi/ee ci?o oaoi?ee
eiai ?aae?caoe??, aea i?e aiae?c? aaeeeeo n?oae a?i ? e?auei, oae ye
iaiaaeo? ia?ai?uaiiy a n?o? iiiaieeaoo?ith o?eueee oeo o?aaiaio?a, a
?aae?caoe?? yeeo i?eeiathoue o/anoue ia?aaaioaaeai? aeeiiaaoe?.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe n?oueiao iiaeaeue i?e
??ciiiai?oieo e?eoa??yo. E??i oiai, i?e aeei?enoaii? aeai?eoio ia AII c
a?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeainoae ae?aeiaiaiai ?aaeeio c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ? ia iniia? e?eoa???a, ye? ia i?aeaeathoueny
oi?iae?caoe??.

Aea ye? a e?eoa??? ia aoee aea?ai?, a ?o neeaae caaaeaee iiaeii?
aoiaeeoe /ania? e?eoa???, ia iniia? yeeo iioei?cothoueny no?iee
aeeiiaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno caoiae?a. Aei oaeeo e?eoa???a a?aeiinyoueny
:

i?i?ioi /ano aeeiiaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno caoiae?a;

i?i?ioi iapaaapoaiiy aeepaeoeaiiai nopieo cae?i/aiiy anueiai eiiieaeno
caoiae?a;

i?i?ioi noiapiiai iapaaapoaiiy aeepaeoeaieo nopie?a cae?i/aiiy aoai?a
aeeiiaiiy caoiae?a.

Aeey ?ic?aooieo /aniaeo ia?aiao??a n?oueiaiai a?aoa cai?iiiiiaaii
aeai?eoi, yeee ? iiaeeo?eaoe??th aeai?eoio Oi?aea iioei?caoe?? ia n?oyo.
A?i aaco?oueny ia ae??oaii? caaea/? ciaoiaeaeaiiy aeiaaeei oeyo?a a
iai?aaeaiiio a?ao?. Aeai?eoi a cia/i?e i??? a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
?nioth/eo oei, ui a iueiio aeoae a?aoa a?aeia?aaeathoue ca’ycie i?ae
eiai aa?oeiaie, a ia caoiaee i?ia?aie. A?i ia?aaeaa/a? aeoeaio o/anoue
ethaeeie a i?ioeaaeo?? ?ic?aooieo /aniaeo ia?aiao??a iiaeae?.

Aecia/ai? iniiai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa
nioe?aeueii? noa?e ia ia?niaeoeao. Cae?eniaii ei?eaoaaiiy i?iaiico
?icaeoeo aaeocae iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai eiiieaeno c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i, ui
a?aeaoeeny a aeiiii?oe? c /ano caoaa?aeaeaiiy Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aia?aaoe/ii? i?ia?aie Oe?a?ie aei 2010 ?ieo. ?ic?iaeaiee
iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aiieo caaaeaiue ia i?eeeaae?
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai eiiieaeno.

AENIIAEE

A ?iaio? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaeo iaoiae?a
i?e ?aae?caoe?? caaea/ oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie nenoaiaie. ?o oa?aeoa?i?
?ene ? iiaeeeaino? i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy aeyaeai? ia iniia? ?nioth/eo
iaoiae?a canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai i?aeoiaeo, ia’?aeiaiiy a
?aeeio nenoaio iniaeeainoae ? ia?aaaa oaeeo aniaeo?a oi?aae?iiy ye naia
oe?eueiaee i?aeo?ae, ?ioi?iaoe?eia ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy.

Aei iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiinyoueny oae?.

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co noaio aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i oa,
ui i?e no/ani?e e?ecia?e neooaoe?? caoiaee ii ?aoi?ioaaiith aeiiii?ee c
iaoith noaa?e?caoe?? ? c?inoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ia aeathoue oeo
?acoeueoao?a, ye? a?ae ieo i/?eothoueny, ia o?ainoi?iothoueny a
nioe?aeueio noa?o, oiaoi ae?iaieoeoai i?aoeth? ca?aaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaei??th ?c i?e/ei oaeiai iieiaeaiiy ? oa, ui i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo ie?aieo
aaeocae ?ic?iaeythoueny aac aca?iioa’ycee c i?ia?aiith no?oeoo?ii?
ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee ? ia a?aoiaothoue aeiaaeuei?
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nuee? ?ioa?ane. Oe? ieoaiiy iiaeooue aooe oni?oii
ae??oai? a ?aieao oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeii
ie?aieo aaeocae ye neeaaeiaeo /anoei oe?eueiai? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie
?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee e?a?ie.

2. ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? ? nenoaiaoeciaai? aeanoeaino? neeaaeii?
aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie ye ia’?eoo i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy.
Ocaaaeueiai? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai
oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie nenoaiaie, i?eioeeie ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe??
i?ia?ai.

3. Ocaaaeueiai? ? nenoaiaoeciaai? i?aeoiaee aei aiae?co ? iaa?oioiaaiiai
aeai?o i?iaeai i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy. I?e oeueiio a?aoiaai?
oae? nooo?a? /eiieee ye ianooaai?noue ? neeaaei?noue caaea/ oi?aae?iiy,
iaiao?aei?noue aca?iica’yceo aeyaeaieo i?iaeai c caaaeueiith no?aoaa??th
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie (ia’?eoo). Noi?ioeueiaai? e?eoa??? ? iienai?
aoaie i?ioeano a?aeai?o i?iaeai aeey i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe??, a oaeiae
aeae?eai? oiiae, i?e yeeo aeioe?eueia canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaeo
iaoiae?a.

4. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? aieiaieo caaea/ i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy
(aecia/aiiy ? aeaoae?caoe?y iniiaieo aeaiaio?a oe?eae, ui aaaeooue aei
ae??oaiiy i?iaeai, a?ae?a?aieo aeey i?ia?aiii? ?ic?iaee; oi?ioaaiiy
oi?aae?inueeeo aieea?a, ye? iai?aaeai? ia ?aae?caoe?th oe?eae;
anoaiiaeaiiy i?ae ieie aioo??oiuei??aiaaeo ? i?ae??aiaaeo ca’yce?a, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue oaoiieia?th ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo i?iaeai)
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oe?eae oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie
nenoaiaie, iniiaaiee ia aeacaa?oaaii? i?iaeaie, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, ia
neeaaeia? aeaiaioe c ianooiiith /enaeueiith ioe?ieith ?o a?aeiinii?
aaaeeeaino?.

5. ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae oii?yaeeoaaiiy i?ia?aie ca oe?eueiaith iciaeith,
yeee caaacia/o? nenoaii?noue ?? iiaoaeiae, anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iica’yce?a
i?ae ?? caoiaeaie, aeeeth/aiiy ?o aeoaethaaiiy oiui. A?i aeicaiey?
oieeiooe iaiaa?oioiaaiiai aeeth/aiiy caoiae?a a i?ia?aio ? i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy oiaeii ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie.

6. Aeine?aeaeai? iioiee ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e ?aae?caoe?? oe?eueiai?
eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie. Aecia/ai? aeaea?aea ? aoaie oi?ioaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a, iaaaaeaia ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y, ?icaeyioo? iniiai?
i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? i?ioeano
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy ia iniia? eiai n?oueiaiai
iiaeaethaaiiy.

7. ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoi ia?aoai?aiiy oii?yaeeiaaii? ???a?o?/ii? nenoaie
oe?eae oi?aae?iiy a iai?aaeaiee a?ao ? aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo /aniaeo
ia?aiao??a n?o?, ye? ? neeaaeiaeie /anoeiaie iaoiaeeee ?aae?caoe??
n?oueiai? iiaeae? i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/iith
nenoaiith. ?ic?iaeaii iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aiieo caaaeaiue.

8. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? i?e aecia/ai? iai?yi?a
?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia ia?niaeoeao ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie
Eiiieaenii? aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei 2010 ?ieo
oa ei?eaoaaii? iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo aaeocae iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai
eiiieaeno, aeeeaaeaieo a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e aia?aaoe/i?e i?ia?ai? Oe?a?ie
aei 2010 ?ieo.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Noneia I.I., Aeoiaaneay A.A. I?ia?aiii — oe?eueiaa oi?aae?iiy:
aniaeoe iiaeaethaaiiy. — E.: Ciaiiy, 1998.- 115 n.- 7,1 ae?oe. a?e. (o
ni?aaao.: aaoi?ii i?aeaioiaeaii 4,5 ae?oe. a?e.: I?aeoiaee aei a?aeai?o
i?iaeai i?ia?aiii — oe?eueiaiai oi?ae?iiy, no?oeoo?ecaoe?y oe?eae
oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie nenoaiaie, oii?yaeeoaaiiy caoiae?a i?ia?aie c
oe?eueiai? iciaee, aeine?aeaeaiiy iioie?a ?ioi?iaoe??, oi?ioaaiiy
n?oueiai? iiaeae? ? ?ic?iaea ae?oaiai aa??aioo aeai?eoio ?? ?aae?caoe??,
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iiaeae?).

2.Aeoiaaneay A.A. No?oeoo?ecaoeey oeaeae oi?aaeaiey yeiiiie/aneie
nenoaiie //. Iiaeaethaaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?:
Ca. iaoe. i?aoe. — E.: AeIAe??IA IA? oa IAI Oe?a?ie. — 1997.- N. 54-62.
— 0,55 ae?oe. a?e.

3.Aeoiaanueea A.A., Naiai/aiei O.I. Aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy /aniaeo
ia?aiao??a iiaeae? i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy // Iaoeiia ia?iaea
?ioi?iaoe??: I?aea?ae.iaoe.ca. Aei.62. — E.: EIAO. — 1999. — N.141-146.
— 0,35 ae?oe.a?e. (o ni?aaao.: aaoi?ii i?aeaioiaeaii 0,2 ae?oe.a?e.:
Iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy aecia/aiiy /aniaeo ia?aiao??a, iiaeeo?eaoe?y
aeai?eoio Oi?aea).

4.Noneia I.I., Aeoiaanueea A.A., Naiai/aiei O.I. Aeai?eoi ia?aoai?aiiy
oii?yaeeiaaii? ???a?o?/ii? nenoaie oe?eae oi?aae?iiy a iai?aaeaiee a?ao
// Iaoeiia ia?iaea ?ioi?iaoe??: I?aea?ae.iaoe.ca. Aei.62. — E.: EIAO.
-1999.-N. 118-125. — 0,5 ae?oe.a?e. (o ni?aaao.: aaoi?ii i?aeaioiaeaii
0,3 ae?oe.a?e.: I?ioeaaeo?a oi?ioaaiiy a?aoa aaaaoi??aiaai? no?oeoo?e,
niin?a iiaeaiiy a?aoa a iai’yo? AII).

5.Noneia I.I., Aeoiaanueea A.A. N?oueiaa iiaeaeue i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai
oi?aae?iiy ? aeai?eoi ?? ?aae?caoe??. — E.: I.-ae. aeii. ?i-o
I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. — 1998. — N.11 : ?e. — Oe?. — Aeai. a AeIOA
Oe?a?ie 02.06.98 ?290-Oe98// A?ae?ia?. iien a a?ae?ia?. iieaae/eeo EIEII
?AI «Aeaiiie?iaaiiua iao/iua ?aaiou», 1998.30.07.98 ? a/i 76?-98 — 0,5
ae?oe.a?e. (o ni?aaao.: aaoi?ii i?aeaioiaeaii 0,35 ae?oe.a?e.: N?oueiaa
iiaeaeue, ae?oaee aa??aio aeai?eoio ?aae?caoe?? iiaeae?).

Aeoiaanueea A.A. N?oueiaa iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai
oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie nenoaiaie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.03.02 — aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy. —
Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao. Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?ena’y/aii ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo
i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo nenoai c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a n?oueiaiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ? oai??? a?ao?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee ? iaoiaee a?aeai?o i?iaeai i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy,
no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oe?eae oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie nenoaiaie oa
oii?yaeeoaaiiy caoiae?a i?ia?aie ca oe?eueiaith iciaeith. Aeeiiai?
aiae?c ? aeine?aeaeaiiy iioie?a ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e ?aae?caoe??
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai i?aeoiaeo oa aecia/ai? niiniae ?? i?aai?caoe??
aeey oi?ioaaiiy iiaeae? i?ioeano i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy.
?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ia?aoai?aiiy ???a?o?/ii? nenoaie oe?eae oi?aae?iiy a
iai?aaeaiee a?ao, iayai?noue yeiai ? iaia’yceiaith ia?aaeoiiaith
iiaoaeiae n?oueiai? iiaeae?. Iiaoaeiaaia iiaeaeue i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy
?aae?caoe??th i?ia?ai, ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie aecia/aiiy /aniaeo
ia?aiao??a iiaeae? oa ?? ?aae?caoe??. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/ai? iniiai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia
ia?niaeoeao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?eueiaa eiiieaenia i?ia?aia, n?oueiaa iiaeaeue, a?ao,
?ioi?iaoe?y, aeiiii?/ia nenoaia, oi?aae?iiy.

Aeoiaaneay A.A. Naoaaia iiaeaeepiaaiea ipioeana ipiapaiiii-oeaeaaiai
oipaaeaiey yeiiiie/aneeie nenoaiaie. — ?oeiienue.

Aeennapoaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.03.02 — yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaeepiaaiea. —
Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue yeiiiie/aneee oieaapneoao. Eeaa, 1998.

Aeennapoaoeey iinayuaia aiipinai pacpaaioee oeaeaauo eiiieaeniuo
ipiapaii pacaeoey yeiiiie/aneeo nenoai n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaeia
naoaaiai iiaeaeepiaaiey e oaipee apaoia. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca nia?aiaiiiai
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai iieiaeaiey Oe?aeiu naeaeai auaiae i oii, /oi
?ac?aaioea oeaeaauo eiiieaeniuo i?ia?aii aeieaeia noaoue iniiaie,
iaania/eaathuae niaa?oainoaiaaiea oi?aaeaiey ia?iaeiui oicyenoaii e
iiauoaiea iainiiaaiiinoe e yooaeoeaiinoe ?aoaiee ii aii?inai
noaaeeecaoeee e ia?aueaaiey oaiiia ?inoa yeiiiieee. Noi?ioee?iaaiu
iniiaiua naienoaa neiaeiie yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu eae iauaeoa
i?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaiai oi?aaeaiey, a oaeaea iniiaiua i?eioeeiu ?ac?aaioee
e ?aaeecaoeee oeaeaauo eiiieaeniuo i?ia?aii. Noi?ioee?iaaiu e?eoa?ee e
ii?aaeaeaiu iiaeoiaeu e ioai?o i?iaeai aeey eo i?ia?aiiiie ?aaeecaoeee.
Aeey ?aoaiey caaea/ nenoaiiiai aiaeeca, eioi?ua aicieeatho i?e
?ac?aaioea oeaeaauo eiiieaeniuo i?ia?aii, i?aaeeiaeai iaoiae
no?oeoo?ecaoeee oeaeae, iicaieythuee ?acoe?oiieoue aeaaioth oeaeue
i?ia?aiiu ia iiaeoeaee e noi?ie?iaaoue ea?a?oe/anee oii?yaei/aiioth
nenoaio oeaeae. I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea oii?yaei/aiey nenoaiu ia?ii?eyoee
i?ia?aiiu ii oeaeaaiio i?eciaeo, /oi iicaieyao ecaaaeaoue
iaiainiiaaiiiai eo aeeth/aiey a iauea ieaiu ?aaio. Noi?ie?iaaia nenoaia
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey caaea/ i?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaiai oi?aaeaiey.
Auiieiai aiaeec iioieia eioi?iaoeee, ii?aaeaeaia iiiaieeaoo?a aoiaeiuo
aeaiiuo, enoi/ieee eo ia?aciaaiey e ia?a/aiue i?ia?aiiiuo iiaeoeae,
?aaeecothueo i?ioeannu nicaeaiey eioi?iaoeeiiii-ni?aai/iiai iaania/aiey,
iiaeaee?iaaiey i?ioeanna oi?aaeaiey, iiaeaee?iaaiey i?ioeanna
oi?aaeaiey, iia?aoeaiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey e oi?ie?iaaiey auoiaeiie
eioi?iaoeee. ?ac?aaioaiu noaiu aeaeaeaiey eioi?iaoeee ia ?acee/iuo
yoaiao aa oi?ie?iaaiey e i?aia?aciaaiey. I?eaaaeaia noaia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaiu i?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaiai
oi?aaeaiey. ?aoaiu oai?aoe/aneea e i?eeeaaeiua aii?inu i?ioeanna
oi?aaeaiey ?aaeecaoeeae oeaeaauo eiiieaeniuo i?ia?aii oeaeaaiai
iiaeoiaea e iipaaeaeaiu niiniau aa ipaaiecaoeee aeey oipiepiaaiey
iiaeaee ipioeanna ipiapaiiii-oeaeaaiai oipaaeaiey. ?acpaaioai aeaipeoi
ipaiapaciaaiey eapapoe/aneie nenoaiu oeaeae oipaaeaiey a iaipaaeaiiue
apao, iaee/ea eioipiai yaeyaony iaycaoaeueiie ipaaeiinueeie iinopiaiey
naoaaie iiaeaee. Iinopiaia iiaeaeue ipioeanna oipaaeaiey paaeecaoeeae
ipiapaii, pacpaaioaiu aeaipeoiu iipaaeaeaiey apaiaiiuo iapaiaopia
iiaeaee e aa paaeecaoeee. A ioee/ea io eeanne/aneeo niiniaia
i?aaenoaaeaiey a?aoia a aeaea iao?eoe eioeeaeaioeee e niaaeiinoae
i?aaeeiaeaii i?aaenoaaeaiea a?aoa a aeaea ianneaa ia? eiaeia, eioi?ua
ioia?aaeatho nayce iaaeaeo aa?oeiaie. A oaeii neo/aa eiee/anoai no?ie a
ianneaa ia?aie/eaaaony eiee/anoaii aeoa a?aoa, a iannea ni?oe?oaony a
ii?yaeea aic?anoaiey eiaeia aa?oei e iioiio iaeaa/aaony iiene yeaiaioia.
A ?aieao Eiiieaeniie ainoaea?noaaiiie i?ia?aiiu yia?ainaa?aaeaiey
Oe?aeiu aei 2010 aiaea ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey
iaoa?eaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa e nioeeaeueiie noa?u ia ia?niaeoeao.
Inouanoaeaia ei??aeoe?iaea i?iaiica ?acaeoey io?aneae
oiieeaii-yia?aaoe/aneiai eiiieaena n o/aoii eciaiaiee, eioi?ua i?iecioee
a yeiiiieea ni a?aiaie ooaa?aeaeaiey Aa?oiaiie ?aaeu Oe?aeiu aei 2010
aiaea. ?ac?aaioai iaoaieci ?aaeecaoeee i?ia?aiiiuo caaeaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeaeaaay eiiieaeniay ipiapaiia, naoaaay iiaeaeue, apao,
eioipiaoeey, yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia, oipaaeaiea.

Vishnevskay V.A. Network modelling of process of a program — goals
management of economic systems. Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
economic sciences on a speciallty 08.03.02 — economic-mathematical
modelling. Kiev national economic university. Kiev.1998.

The thesis is devoted to problems of development of target comprehensive
programmes of development of economic systems with use of methods of
network modelling and graph theory. The approaches and methods of a
selection of problems of a program — goals management, ordering of the
purposes of management of economic systems and ordering of measures of
the program on a target indication are offered scientific — methodical.
The realizations program — target of approach are executed the analysis
and research of streams of an information for want of and the methods of
its organization for shaping a model of process of a program — goals
management are certain. The algorithm of transformation of a
hierarchical system of the purposes of management in an oriented graph
is developed, which availabllity is a mandatory premise of construction
of a network model. The model of control procedure realization of the
programs is constructed, the algorithms of definition of temporary
parameters of a model and its realization are developed. Because of
outcomes of a research the main directions of development of economy of
Ukraine on a perspective are certain.

Key words: a target comprehensive programme, network model, graph,
information, economic system, management.

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