Система організації управління частками державного майна в промисловості: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / І.І. Соколи, НАН України. Ін-т пробл. рин

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO I?IAEAI ?EIEO

OA AEIIII?EI-AEIEIA?*IEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

NIEIEE ?AAI ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 338.45(061):
351.710

CENOAIA I?AAI?CAOe?? OI?AAE?IIss *ANOEAIE

AeA?AEAAIIAI IAEIA A I?IIENEIAINO?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.01. — Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiue IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Iaeana).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

/eai — ei?aniiiaeaio IAI
Oe?a?ie

Ao?eeinueeee Ai?en
Aieiaeeie?iae/,

?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa
aeiiii?ei-

aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiue
IAI Oe?a?ie,

aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeaenaiae?iaa Aaeaioeia
Iao??aia,

?inoeooo aeiiii?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy
IAI

Oe?a?ie, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee;

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Ineiia Aaneeue ?aaiiae/,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee
aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoth/?e eaoaae?ith

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI

Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai ?icaeoeo

i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa (i.
Aeiiaoeuee),

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “1’’ aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 41.177.01 a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai ?eieo oa
aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 270044,
i. Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
270044, i. Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “27“ na?iiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Noaiaiia
A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ney iaea?aeaiiy o 1991 ?ioe? Oe?a?iith
iacaeaaeiino?, aea?aeaaa cae?enieea ia?ao?ae a?ae nioe?ae?noe/ieo
i?eioeei?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy aei a?eueii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee c
??ciiiai?oieie oi?iaie aeaniino?, ye? i?eeoee ia ci?io ?aeei?e
aea?aeaai?e aeaniino?.

Aaaeeeaith iniaeea?noth oe??? iiae?? noaa oie oaeo, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae
?icaeiooeo e?a?i Caoiaeo, aea ?eieia? a?aeiineie noaiiaeeeny iaeaea
noie?ooyie, a Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo aea?aeaaao eieeoiueiai N?N? oeae aeoaea
neeaaeiee i?ioean i?ieoia i?aeoe/ii “ieoo?ai”. Ca 1-2 ?iee ia
iino?aaeyinuee?e iniia? aoee aaeeo? ea?aeeiaeueii iia? i?eioeeie
aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Cae/aeii, oeae oaeaeeee, iaaaeaeaaoiee oa
iaaa?iii?eiee i?ioean ia i?a ia aeeeeeaoe eie?c?e oa iiieeie a i?ioean?
aoaeoaaiiy oa iiaeaeueoiio ooieoe?iioaaii? iiaeo no?oeoo? oa i?eioeei?a
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Iaei??th c oeeo i?iaeai ? ieoaiiy aoaeoeaiiai
oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? — iaeaoaie aea?aeaaieo aeoe?e
(ia?a oa aeieae) — o noaoooieo oiiaeao ainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa (ye
i?aaeei, aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa (AO)).

A ?acoeueoao? i?eaaoecaoe?? iaeia?aaaaei?oa /anoeia i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa oeea?eueii? noa?e aoea aeoe?iiiaaia. Ca?aeii aei i?ia?aie
i?eaaoecaoe?? iaeia /anoeia i?aei?e?inoa aoea iiai?noth ia?aaeaia o
aeani?noue i?eaaoieo noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ?ioa /anoeia io?eiaea
oi?io aea?aeaaii-i?eaaoiiai i?aei?e?inoaa (AeII), o yeiio aea?aeaaa ia?
iaeao aeoe?e (oiaoi aenooia? iaeiei ?c caniiaiee?a). Nenoaia
i?aai?caoe?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy oeeie /anoeaie aea?aeaaii?
aeaniino? /a?ac oiiaiiaaaeaieo in?a (OI), yea ca?ac ?nio?, ia? aaaaoi
iaaeie?e?a, ? ye iane?aeie oeueiai aea?aeaaa i?aeoe/ii ia ea?o? aeaieie
noa’?eoaie nai?? aeaniino?. sse ni?aaeaniee iaeia i?aei?e?inoa,
aea?aeaaa oaeoe/ii ia iaea?aeo? i?eaooeo (aeea?aeaiae?a) aeey
iiiiaiaiiy athaeaeaoo.

Ca?aeii c ?acoeueoaoaie i?ia?aie i?eaaoecaoe??, AeII anoaiiaeththoue
ia?aaaaeio aeieth o caaaeuei?e e?eueeino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
Oe?a?ie, oiio noeoii?noue iaeao?a aea?aeaaieo aeoe?e o oiiaeao AeII
iiaeia i?aeoe/ii ?icaeyaeaoe ye cia/io aeieth aea?aeaaii? i?iieneiaino?
oeea?eueii? noa?e. ?ic?iaea oa ao?eaiiy nenoaie, yea a iiaea caaacia/eoe
i?aai?caoe?th aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaieie iaeaoaie aeoe?e,
ae??oeoue ?yae aino?eo oa aeooaeueieo aeey aea?aeaae ieoaiue: i?aeaeueoe
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei aea?aeathaeaeaoo eioo?a ii aeea?aeaiaeai a?ae
aea?aeaaieo iaeao?a aeoe?e, ni?eyoe i?ecoieiaiith aeiiii?/ii? e?ece o
i?iieneiano?, io?eiaoe aoaeoeai? aaaeae? aieeao aea?aeaae ia
aea?aeaaii-i?eaaoi? i?aei?e?inoaa oa ?eiie oe?iieo iaia??a o
i?iieneiaino?, noai?eoe a i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ?i?aeae iaae?eiino? oa
noaa?eueiino?, ui aeanoue ciiao iioe?aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e a oeth
noa?o aeiiii?eo e?a?ie.

Ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?? aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia
? aeineoue iiaei aeey a?o/eciyi?e aeiiii?/ii? iaoee, — ia oaia??oi?e /an
ianya iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c oeueiai ieoaiiy ? aeoaea aocueeei, oey
oaia o?eueee ii/eia? ?ic?iaeyoeny. Ca?aeii c oeei ?icaeiaiiy iaoeiaeo
iieiaeaiue c i?aai?caoe?? aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaii?
aeaniino? a i?iieneiaino? ia no/aniiio aoai? ? aeoaea aeooaeueiei
ieoaiiyi ? ia? caaaeueiiaea?aeaaia cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeiny a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai ?eieo oa
aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie o ?aieao iaoeiaeo
?ic?iaie ?inoeoooo ca athaeaeaoieie oaiaie: “Iaoeia? iniiae iaoai?ci?a
aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa i?e
aeoiae? ?c e?ece” (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0195U009400) oa “Iaoiaee/i?
iniiae ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa” (iiia?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0198U001376).

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
? ?icaeiaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo iieiaeaiiue i?aai?caoe??
aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a i?iieneiaino? a
oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ni?yiiaaieo ia caaacia/aiiy iiaii? ? ye?nii?
?aae?caoe?? oa aenieiai ??aiy caoenoo aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a a noa’?eoao
ei?ii?aoeaii? aeaniino?. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe a ?iaio?
ae??oothoueny oae? caaaeaiiy:

?icaeiooe iaoeia? canaaee oa noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? iieiaeaiiy c
oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai
iaeia a i?iieneiaino? a ?eieiaeo oiiaao;

aeeiiaoe aiae?c oa aecia/eoe iniiai? i?eioeeie ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?th/i?
nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeiaeia, ?? iiceoeai? oa
iaaaoeai? oaeoi?e oa ?o iane?aeee;

aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo aoaeoeaii? nenoaie i?aai?caoe??
oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeiaeia a i?iieneiaino?, yea caaacia/o?
iaea?eueo ye?nio ?aae?caoe?th aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a oa i?eaooeia?noue
/anoee aea?aeaaiiai iaeia i?e aa?aiooaaii? aeinoaoiueiai ??aiy caoenoo
a?ae iane?aee?a iaeiiiaoaioiiai oi?aae?iiy;

?ic?iaeoe noaio i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a
i?iieneiaino?;

?icaeiooe iaoiaee/i? caoiaee uiaei caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy
/anoeith aea?aeaaiiai iaeia;

noi?ioaaoe eiiieaen iaia’yce?a oa iiaiiaaaeaiue aeaiaio?a nenoaie
i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia;

oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaiei
iaeaoii aeoe?e a i?iieneiaino?.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?iaio? ?
nenoaia i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeiaeia a i?iieneiaino?.
Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia
a i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ?eieo.

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao
aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
iaoee, i?aoe? i?ia?aeieo a?o/eciyieo ? ?iicaiieo a/aieo c aeiiii?ee
i?iieneiaino?, i?iaeai i?aai?caoe?? ei?ii?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy oa
oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaiei iaeiii a ?eieiaeo oiiaao, caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, ??oaiiy
oa ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee Oe?a?ie.

Aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaoaaeeny nenoaiiee ?
eia?/iee aiae?c, iaoiaee aiae?co iieaciee?a aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oa
?o aeeiai?ee.

sse aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe?? aeei?enoaii aeiiii?/io e?oa?aoo?o a?o/eciyieo
oa ?iicaiieo aaoi??a, aeai? noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa aooaaeoa?nueei?
ca?oiino?, ?iai/? iaoa??aee i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. A ?iaio? ?icaeioo? iaoeia? canaaee i?aai?caoe??
aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a i?iieneiaino? a
oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. I?e oeueiio aaoi?ii aoee io?eiai? oae?
iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? neeaaeathoue iaoeiao iiaecio aeine?aeaeaiiy:

aeeiiaii aiae?c ae?th/i? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie
aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a Oe?a?i?, i?eioeeiiaith iiaeciith yeiai noaei
noeoiia aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?? i?aeoe/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy;

?ic?iaeaia noaia i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a
i?iieneiaino?, yea caniiao?oueny ia noai?aii? i?aai?caoe?eiiai iaoai?cio
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, ui iaoiiaeth? iaea?eueo ye?nio oa eiiiaoaioio
?aae?caoe?th aea?aeaaii? i?iieneiai? iie?oeee;

?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii?
ae?ia?aei?no? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a a ei?ii?aoeaiiio i?aai?
oi?aae?iiy i?e a?aenooiino? o aea?aeaae eiio?ieueiiai iaeaoo, yeee
aaco?oueny ia i?eioeeiao oi?ioaaiiy noeoiiiai (aea?aeaaiiai oa
i?eaaoiiai) eiio?ieueiiai /e yeiiiaa a?eueoiai i?inoiai iaeaoo aeoe?e;

?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?ei? i?eioeeie uiaei caaacia/aiiy eiiieaeniino?
oi?aae?iiy oa yeino? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a ia iniia?
ia’?aeiaiiy ooieoe?e no?aoaa?/iiai oa iia?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aeey
i?aaenoaaieea aea?aeaae a i?aaiao ei?ii?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy;

?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a, ye?
caaacia/othoue oiiae aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy oa aenieee ??aaiue caoenoo
a?ae ?ecee?a aeey aea?aeaae i?e o?anoiaiio iaoiae? i?aai?caoe??
oi?aae?iiy;

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee yeino? oi?aae?iiy iaeaoii aea?aeaeoe?e a
i?iieneiaino?, i?eioeeiiaith iniaeea?noth yei? ? caaacia/aiiy
ia’?eoeaiino? ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a oi?aae?iiy, iii?oi?eiao
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/iiai noaio ni?aa, oa iniia iioeaaoe?? ae?yeueiino? c
oi?aae?iiy /anoeith aea?aeaaiiai iaeia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aaenoaaeai? o ?iaio?
iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie
aea?aeaaiiai iaeia iiaeooue aooe ao?eai? o i?aeoeeo ye iaoiaee/ia iniiaa
aeey ?ic?iaee onueiai eiiieaeno caeiiiaeaa/eo oa ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a uiaei
?aaeaiaiooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a
i?iieneiaino?, — a?ae caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo caeii?a oa iieiaeaiiue aei
?aaeaiaiooth/?o aeieoiaio?a ?iai/iai ??aiy — neoaeaiaeo ?ino?oeoe?e,
oeiiaeo oi?i caaaeaiiy oa ca?oiino? oiiaiiaaaeaii? iniae, ?.o.ae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Canaaeia? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny aaoi?ii ia iaoeiaeo ia?aaeao ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, ia
eiioa?aioe?? “Ia?niaeoeaiua iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey yeieiaee, yeiiiieee,
yia?aaoeee” (22-23 ea?oiy 1999 ?., i. Iaeana).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii aoei
iioae?eiaaii 4 iaoeia? i?aoe? (3 noaoo? oa a?ioo?a) caaaeueiei ianyaii
6,15 ae?. a?e, c yeeo aaoi?o iniaenoi iaeaaeeoue 6.15 ae?. a?e.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia
180 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo; ?iaioa i?noeoue 5 oaaeeoeue ia 8
noi??ieao oa 4 ?enoiee ia 4 noi??ieao. Nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
ia?aoiao? 132 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaaia ?? iaoa oa eiie?aoeciaai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iaaea?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe, a oaeiae
aecia/athoueny aoaie ?? aeeiiaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? “Iaoiaee/i? canaaee i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy
aea?aeaaiei iaeiii o i?iieneiaino?” i?enay/aii iaoeiaei iniiaai
oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy a oiiaao ?eieo. Iniaeeaa
i?noea i?enay/aii ?icaeyaeo iaoai?ci?a oa i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe??
ei?ii?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy.

Iiooeoaa/ai i?iaiae?ciaaii caaaeuei? i?eioeeie ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa
i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oi?i aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?, a oaeiae iniaeeaino?
o/ano? aea?aeaae a noa’?eoao ei?ii?aoeaii? aeaniino? a oiiaao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee. Iaaiaeeoueny iaoeiaa eeaneo?eaoe?y oi?i aea?aeaaii?
aeaniino?, aecia/athoueny caniae ?? noai?aiiy, i?aai?caoe?ei?,
th?eaee/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie ?nioaaiiy oa i?aai?caoe??
oi?aae?iiy.

Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaoeiaeo canaae oa i?eioeei?a oi?ioaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy ainiiaea?nueeeie noa’?eoaie. Ia aac?
no/anieo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa caaaeueieo i?eioeei?a noai?aiiy
i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oaeineiiaeththoueny oai?aoe/i? e?eoa??? oa
iiiyooy, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue oi?ioaaiiy oa i?aai?caoe?th oi?aae?iiy
ainiiaea?nueeeie noa’?eoaie. Ia aac? aiae?co niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e
aaoi? noi?ioethaaa aieiai? aeiiae aei i?aai?caoe?? aoaeoeaii?
ae?yeueiino? oa oi?aae?iiy ainiiaea?nueeeie noa’?eoaie a i?iieneiaino? a
no/anieo oiiaao oa aieiai? iaoeia? i?eioeeie ?ic?iaee oaeeo no?oeoo?.
Aeyaeaii i?noea oa ?ieue aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy a no/anieo
oiiaao ?eieo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie
i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy aea?aeiaeiii o i?iieneiaino?“ aeeiiaii aiae?c
aoaeoeaiino? ?nioth/i? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy, yeee
neeaaea?oueny ?c aeaio aoai?a: aiae?co oai?aoe/ieo iniia i?aai?caoe??
nenoaie ia aac? aea/aiiy oa aiae?co ?aaeaiaiooth/eo ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaio?a, oa aiae?co i?aeoe/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie ia iniia?
?icaeyaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe i?iieneiaeo AeII oa ae?yeueiino?
oiiaiiaaaeaieo in?a ia i?eeeaae? i?iieneiaino? Iaeanueeiai ?aa?iio.

Iiooeoaa/ai i?iaaaeaii iaoeiaee aiae?c i?aai?caoe?eieo canaae ?nioth/i?
nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? o
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ii??aiyii c? noa?ith ?aaeyinueeith nenoaiith
i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy. Aecia/aii iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo i?ioean?a ci?ie oi?i aeaniino? aea?aeiaeia oa noai?aiiy
a?aeiia?aeii? aeey iueiai oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oeei iaeiii.

Aiae?c iniia ae?th/i? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy iaeaoaie
aea?aeaaieo aeoe?e cae?eniaii ia i?aenoaa? ?icaeyaeo ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaio?a, ye? ?aaeaiaioothoue no?oeoo?o oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie, —
aea?aeaai? caeiie, iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a, iaeace I?aceaeaioa
Oe?a?ie, iaeace OAeIO, iieiaeaiiy i?i aea?aeaai? i?aai?caoe??, ?.o.i.
uiaei oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a Oe?a?i?.

A oaia??oi?e /an aeey i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaii?
aeaniino? a Oe?a?i? ooieoe?iio? nenoaia, yea caniiaaia ia o?anoiaiio
iaoiae? /a?ac oiiaiiaaaeaieo in?a (OI). *anoea aea?aeaaiiai iaeia
aei?o/a?oueny oae caai?e oiiaiiaaaeai?e inia?, yea iiaea aooe
th?eaee/iith /e o?ce/iith iniaith, ia eiieo?ni?e iniia?, /a?ac
caeeth/aiiy aeiaiai?o-aei?o/aiiy. OI iaaeathoueny iiaiiaaaeaiiy
th?eaee/iiai aeanieea /anoee aea?aeaaiiai iaeia. C aieo aea?aeaae i?e
caeeth/aii? aeiaiai?o-aei?o/aiiy aenooiaa (aei 4.11.98) Oiiae
Aea?aeaaiiai Iaeia Oe?a?ie (OAeIO), i?ae eiio?ieai yeiai ciaoiaeeeenue
on? ooieoe?? c i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia.
Iaoai?ci i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy aea?ae/anoeith cae?enithaaany ca oaeith
noaiith: caaaeaiiy aeey OI c ieoaiue oi?aae?iiy iaeaoii aeoe?e
?ic?iaeyeiny o a?aeiia?aeiiio i?aai? aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa
ni?yiiaoaaeeny aei OAeIO, yeee aeiaiaeea oea caaaeaiiy aei OI.
Iia?aoeaia eii?aeeioaaiiy, i?eeii ca?o?a OI, oa, oaeoe/ii, iia?aoeaia
?iaioa c OI oaeiae aei?o/aeany OAeIO. I?e i?ecia/aii? OI aeicaieyeinue
iaeii/ania aei?o/aiiy ia oi?aae?iiy aeae?eueeiia iaeaoaie aeoe?e. O 1997
?ioe? oey nenoaia aoea oaeineiiaeaia a?aeiinii aeayeeo aniaeo?a uiaei
?iaioe c OI. Aieiaieie iniaeeainoyie i?e oeueiio noaee aeiaeaoeia? oiiae
i?ecia/aiiy OI: ii ia?oa, iaiao?aei?noue aianaiiy canoaae o ?ici??? 10%
aa?oino? aea?aeiaeaoo aeoe?e, oa ii ae?oaa, aecia/aiiy aeiaai?iaee OI ca
?aooiie aeioiaeo a?ae aeea?aeaiae?a.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaiai oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co aaoi?ii aoee
c?iaeai? oae? aeniiaee i?i i?aai?caoe?th ae?th/i? nenoaie:

— cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia caaacia/o? iaiaaeaio ?aae?caoe?th aea?aeaaieo
?ioa?an?a a ?ac?, eiee aea?aeiaeao ia i?noeoue eiio?ieueiiai, i?e oiio,
ui na?oiaa i?aeoeea ia? iaoiaee aa?aiooaaiiy i?iaaaeaiiy ?ioa?an?a
noa’?eoo, aeiey yeiai ia anoaiiaeth? eiio?ieueiiai iaeaoo
(eia?thaaiiy);

— nenoaia ia caaacia/o? i?eioeei eiiieaeniino? oi?aae?iiy, oae ye aiia
ia?aaeaa/a? o?eueee no?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy /a?ac i?iaaaeaiiy ??oaiue ia
caaaeueieo cai?ao. OI ia ai?ith?oueny a iaia’ycie aoiaeeoe aei
aeeiiaa/iai i?aaio, aooe eiai aieiaith caai?iiy?oueny caeiiii, a o
aeiaaeeo, eiee OI aei?o/o?oueny aeae?eueea iaeao?a (ui ?, i?aeoe/ii,
oe?ieei yaeuai ia i?aeoeoe?), oey iiaeeea?noue ia ?aae?co?oueny o?ce/ii.
A?aenooi?noue o/ano? i?aaenoaaieea aea?aeaae o iia?aoeaiiio oi?aae?ii?
ia aa?aioo? yeino? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a, oae ye aiie
oaeoe/ii cae?eniththoueny noa’?eoaie, ye? ia caoe?eaaeai? a ye?nii?
?aae?caoe?? ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae (aeeiiaa/? i?aaie AO);

— iaoai?ci i?aai?caoe?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ca noaiith:
a?aeiia?aeiee aeeiiaa/ee i?aai — OAeIO-OI aoa iioaioe?eii iaaoaeoeaiith
noaiith i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy, yea ia ia? “cai?ioiiai ca’yceo”, oae ye
ia ia?aaeaa/aeany ca?oi?noue OI ia?aae a?aeiia?aeiei aea?aei?aaiii —
?ic?iaieeii caaaeaiiy;

— a?aenooi?noue o/ano? OI a aeeiiaa/eo i?aaiao iaoiiaeth?
iaaoaeoeai?noue aiaeyoe?eiiai iaoai?cio i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy, oae ye
o aeiaaeeo iacaaeia?eueiiai aeeiiaiiy aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a OI ia iiaea
iia?aoeaii ei?aeooaaoe oeae i?ioean, a iiaeiia neeeeaoe caaaeuei? cai?e,
ui ? aeineoue aaaeeith oa iia?aoeaii ia ?aae?co?iith i?ioeaaeo?ith;

— ooieoe?? i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia aoee
aei?o/ai? OAeIO — i?aai?caoe??, yea iioaioe?eii ia i?ecia/aia aeey oe???
iaoe;

— a nenoai? ia aeeoa?aioeo?oueny oa ia iaiaaeo?oueny e?euee?noue oa
neeaae iaeao?a i?e iaeii/aniiio aei?o/aii?;

— a nenoai? iaaeinoaoiuei aeeaiei ia?aaeaa/ai? caoiaee uiaei caoenoo
a?ae ?ecee?a i?e aei?o/aii? oi?aae?iiy aea?aeiaeaoaie aeoe?e i?eaaoiei
th?eaee/iei iniaai.

Aaoi?ii aeeiiaii aiae?c iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie ca inoaii? ?iee aeey aecia/aiiy caaaeueieo oiia, o yeeo
cae?eniththoue naith aeoeai?noue AeII. Iiooeoaa/ i?eoiaeeoue aei
aeniiaeo ye ? ?io? aeine?aeieee oe??? i?iaeaie, ui ia nueiaiaei? ie
ia?ii e?eciaee noai a?o/eciyii? i?iieneiaino?: iiaaeueiee niaae
ae?iaieoeoaa, i?inoi? aai /anoeiaa caaaioaaeai?noue iiooaeiinoae, ai?ae,
iiaeaeueoa a?aenoaaaiiy a?ae ?icaeiooeo e?a?i, canoa??ea iaeaaeiaiiy oa
a?aenooi?noue aaeeaaiiy iia?oi?o oaoiieia?e ?.o.i. Cia/ii iia??oeeeny
oiiae ainiiaea?thaaiiy — aei?noea eiieo?aioe?y ia ciai?oi?o ?eieao oa
a?aenooi?noue ieaoini?iiiaeiino? ia aioo??oi?o, i?aeaeuai? oe?ie ia
aia?aiiin?? oa ne?iaeio, aeoaea aenie? noaaee aaie?anueeiai e?aaeeoo
?.o.i.

Aaoi?ii aea??eiai aeine?aeaeaii ?iaioo ?yaeo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa-AO
Iaeanueeiai ?aa?iio, a noaoooieo oiiaeao yeeo i?enooi? aea?aeaai?
/anoee, aieiaiei /eiii iaoeiiaoae?aaeueiiai i?io?eth oa eaaei?
i?iieneiaino? ca ia??iae 1996 — 98 ??. Aeyaeaii, ui caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? oeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
iaaaaeaii? ea?oeie ?iaioe i?iieneiaino? ii Oe?a?i?: ?iaioa ia 10-20%
iiooaeiinoae aai oe?eiaeiaia? i?inoi?, ciaioaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ia
50-80%, ai?ae, a?aenooi?noue aaeeaaiiy iiaaoe?e. Iiooeoaa/ai anoaiiaeaii
/anoee oaeo iainiiaii? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa — caea/a o i?aiaeo
i?ei?uaiue, iaeaaeiaiiy ?.o.i., ye? oaeoe/ii neeaaeathoue aieiaio aeieth
i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoaa. Aaoi?ii aecia/aia caeiiii??i?noue — c ?inoii
aea?aeaeie? o AeII “iia??oo?oueny” noai ?o ni?aa oa ?acoeueoao?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. AeII, aea aea?aeaeiey neeaaea? a?eueo 50%, ? i?aeoe/ii
on? a?eycaeoeiaeie, o AeII c aea?aeaeie?th 25-50% oaeiae iiaaiee noai
ni?aa, o?eueee o aeae?eueeio i?aei?e?inoaao, aea aea?aeaeiey i?noeoue
10-15%, iiaeia a?aei?oeoe aeayeee i?ia?an, iai?eeeaae, iacia/ia
ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ia 10-15%, /e caaeia?eueio
?aioaaaeuei?noue. Aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui nenoaia i?aaiecaoe??
oi?aae?iiy /anoeie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia iacaaeia?eueii ?aae?ciaoaaea
aea?aeaaio aioee?eciao i?ia?aio oa i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino?, ??
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia i?ecaaei aei iie?auaiiy ni?aa ia i?aei?e?inoaao, a,
nei??oa, ua eiai iia??oeei.

Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? OI cae?enithaaany aeena?oaioii ia i?aenoaa? ?iai/eo
aeieoiaio?a oa ca?o?a i?i ?iaioo OI c aieo a?aeiia?aeaeueieo aea?aeaaieo
aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a. O oe?eiio ?iaeoueny aeniiaie: o 95% aeiaaee?a OI ?
o?ce/i? iniae, ye i?aaeei, aaeocaa? oao?aoe? na?aaeiueiai ??aiy
aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a — ?aa?iiaeueieo /e i?nueeeo oi?aae?iue. I?aeoe/ii
ne??cue, OI aei?o/a?oueny iaeii/anii aeae?eueea iaeao?a aeoe?e ??cieo
i?aei?e?inoa, /anoi ia a?aoiaoth/e ?o /enea, ?ici???a, oa, ?iiae?,
i?io?eth oeeo i?aei?e?inoa. O na?aaeiueiio, iaeia OI oi?aaey? 5-6
iaeaoaie, i?e oiio, ui oe? OI aeeiiothoue nai? neoaeaia? iaia’ycee
(oiaoi aanue ?iai/?e /an i?iaiaeyoue ia nai?e iniiai?e ?iaio?).
Caaaeueiee oa?aeoa? ?iaioe OI aaoi? oa?aeoa?eco? ye oi?iaeueiee,
aiaoe/iee, aac?i?oe?aoeaiee, ?iiae? aac oaeoe/iiai aeeiiaiiy iaia’yce?a
c oi?aae?iiy aei?o/aieie iaeaoaie aeoe?e. Noaey/e ii ca?oao OI, aiie
/anoi ia aieiae?thoue ni?aaaei?i noaiii ni?aa a nai?o AO. Aeniiaee i?i
iaaoaeoeaio oa iacaaeia?eueio ?iaioo OI iaiaeii?aciai ?iaeeeny o
a?aeiia?aeieo ?aa?iiaeueieo aea?aeaaieo i?aaiao aeaaee. Ia aoai? aiae?co
i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe OI aaoi?ii aoee anoaiiaeai? oae? iaaaoeai? oaeoi?e:

— a?aenooi?noue iaoai?cio aoaeoeaiiai iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy
i?aoe? OI. Iaei??th ?c i?e/ei iacaaeia?eueii? ?iaioe OI, ia iaoo aeoieo,
? oie oaeo, ui i?aoey OI iiaaii noeioethaaeanue iaoa??aeueii. Oea
noaeiny oiio, ui iiiyooy iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy OI o caeii?
eaae?o?eoaaeiny ye “aeiaai?iaea”, a ia ye “iieaoa i?aoe?”. O ca’yceo ?c
oeei, ui iiiyooy “aeiaai?iaea” ?icoi??oueny ye i?ai?y ca
aeno?ai?aeeia?i? ae??, a oaeiae c oei, ui i?ye ia aecia/aany ?ici??
oe??? “aeiaai?iaee” oa aeaea?aei ?? aeieaoe, a?aeiia?aeaeuei? no?oeoo?e,
i?aeoe/ii, ia iaee i?aenoaa aeey iieaoe cae/aeii? i?aoe? OI, ui ?
noaeiny ia i?aeoeoe?. Ae?oaee iaeao ?aaeaiaiooth/eo aeieoiaio?a, yeee
aeeoia o 1997 ?., a yeiio iaoa??aeueia noeioethaaiiy aecia/a?oueny ye
i?ioeaio a?ae aeea?aeaiae?a ii aea?aeiaeaoo, oaeiae ia ae??oo?
ea?aeeiaeueii oeueiai ieoaiiy. Ii-ia?oa, eaae?o?eoaaiiy iaoa??aeueiiai
noeioethaaiiy i?aoe? oaeiae caeeoa?oueny ye “aeiaai?iaea”. Ii-ae?oaa,
aeeeth/ii i?ia?aneaia oi?ia iieaoe i?aoe?, yeith ? cai?iiiiiaaia,
aei?aaaeiao?oueny o?eueee o aeiaaeeao i?eaooeiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, iaeiae,
a?aoiaoth/e oa, ui ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ?
caeoeiaeie /e i?inoithth/eie, i?aoey OI ii aeaaaeaiith AO ?c e?ece
oaeoe/ii i?ye ia aoaea noeioethaaoeny;

— iaaaoeaia neooaoe?y “aeaiaeaaeaey” i?ae OI oa aieiaith i?aae?iiy, yea
i?ecia/a?oueny aea?aeaaith o aeiaaeeo aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieueiiai iaeaoo,
ui iaoiiaeth? eie?c?? a noai? i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oa ia?aoeiy?
ii?iaeuei?e aoaeoeai?e ?iaio?;

Ia i?aenoaa? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oa aiae?co i?aeoe/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaeanoiino? aaoi? ?iaeoue
aeniiaee i?i ?? aoaeoeai?noue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy
aea?aeaaieie iaeaoaie aeoe?e aeeiio?oueny oi?iaeueii oa iaaoaeoeaii.
Aea?aeaaa ao?aoeea eiio?ieue ? ae?enii ia oi?aaey? nai?i iaeiii, yea
iaeaaeeoue ?e o aea?ae/anoeao. Noai ni?aa o AeII ? aeineoue neeaaeiei oa
i?iaeiaaeo? iia??ooaaoeny.

Aeena?oaioii anoaiiaeai? oae? i?e/eie iaaoaeoeaiino? ?nioth/i? nenoaie
i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia:

1. Nenoaia ia ia?aaeaa/a? aeinoaoith caaacia/ai?noue ?aae?caoe??
aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a i?e ei?ii?aoeaiiio oi?aae?ii?;

2. ?nioth/a nenoaia ia caaacia/o? eiiieaeniino? oi?aae?iiy, oae ye aiia
ia?aaeaa/a? ?aae?caoe?th o?eueee no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy. Ca?aeii c
iaeno/ani?oeie iiaeyaeaie ia ?ieue aea?aeaae o ?eieiaeo oiiaao (iiceoe??
oa aeoiee i?ia?aeieo na?oiaeo aeiiii?no?a-?eii/iee?a Eaiioue?aa, Oiaaia,
Eeaeia oa ?yaeo oe?a?inueeeo oa ?in?enueeeo a/aieo) aiia iiaeiia a?aoe
aeoeaio o/anoue o oi?aae?ii? nai?i iaeiii;

3. Ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeiaeia aoee aeaeaaiaai? OAeIO —
i?aai?caoe??, yea iioaioe?eii aeey oeueiai ia i?ecia/aia;

4. Iaaoaeoeai?noue noaie ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ia ??ai?
i?aei?e?inoaa oa ia ??ai? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy:
iaaoaeoeai?noue aiaeyoe?eii-ei?aeooth/iai iaoai?cio /a?ac a?aenooi?noue
OI o aeeiiaa/eo i?aaiao AO, oa iioaioe?eii iaaooaeoeaia noaia iniiaii?
aea?aeaaii? eii?aeeiaoe?? ae?yeueiino? OI, yea ia ia? cai?ioiiai
ca’yceo;

5. A?aenooi?noue iaoai?cio aoaeoeaiiai iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy
i?aoe? OI;

6. Iaaaoeaia neooaoe?y “aeaiaeaaeaey” i?ae OI oa aieiaith i?aae?iiy, o
aeiaaeeo aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieueiiai iaeaoo;

7. Iaiaiaaeai?noue e?eueeino? iaeao?a i?e iaeii/aniiio aei?o/aii?
aea?aeaaieo iaeao?a aeoe?e iaei?e inia?, iane?aeeii /iai ?
oi?iaeuei?noue oa iacaaeia?euei?noue o ?iaio? OI;

8. 10% canoaaa aa?oino? aea?aeiaeaoo, ye oiiae aeey i?ecia/aiiy OI,
oaeoe/ii caiaeyoue ia i?aaoeue i?ioean i?ecia/aiiy OI, oiio ui o
caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo aa?o?noue oe??? canoaae ? aeineoue aaeeeith noiith
aeey aianeo c aieo th?eaee/ii? iniae (aaieo, oieaeeiao), a aeey o?ce/ii?
iniae aianaiiy canoaae ? i?aeoe/ii ia?aaeueiith ni?aaith;

9. O nenoai? iaaeinoaoiuei aeeaiei ia?aaeaa/ai? caoiaee uiaei caoenoo
a?ae ?ecee?a aeey aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? i?e aei?o/aii? oi?aae?iiy
aea?aeiaeaoaie aeoe?e i?eaaoiei th?eaee/iei iniaai.

O /a?ai? 1998 ?. aea?aeaaith aoei cae?eniaii ?yae ea?aeeiaeueieo i?? c
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeiaeia. Ooieoe??
i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oeeie noa’?eoaie aoee ia?aaeai? aei noai?aiiai
iiaiai i?aaio — Iaoe?iiaeueiiai Aaaionoaa c oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaieie
ei?ii?aoeaieie i?aaaie. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui oey i??a ? aeayeei iiceoeaiei
c?ooaiiyi, aea aiia ia ae??oo? i?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai
oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaieie iaeaoaie aeoe?e. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, oaeoe/ii
noai?aii aeiaeaoeiao no?oeoo?o, yea a?ae??aaia a?ae aieiaieo aaaeae?a,
?aae?coth/eo aea?aeaaio i?iieneiao iie?oeeo. Oaeiae Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
Aaaionoao aei?o/aii oi?aaeyoe aea?aeaaieie iaeaoaie aeoe?e i?aei?e?inoa
oa i?aai?caoe?e i?aeoe/ii on?o noa? aeiiii?ee. *a?ac oea aaoi? aaaaea?,
ui Aaaionoai iioaioe?eii aoaea ia a ciic? aoaeoeaii cae?enithaaoe
?aae?caoe?th aea?aeaaii? i?iieneiai? iie?oeee oa i?ioean eiiiaoaioii?
eii?aeeiaoe?? ae?e OI iaeii/anii a AO aaaaoueio aaeocae. Aaoi?
noaa?aeaeo?, ui ca oeeie i?e/eiaie o caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo Aaaionoai
aoaea aeaeaaoaaoe ei?ii?aoeai? i?aaa aeanieea /anoie aea?aeiaeia
a?aeiia?aeiei aaeocaaei aea?aeaaiei i?aaiai, ye? aeae? aoaeooue
cae?enithaaoe oaeoe/ia oi?aae?iiy oeeie noa’?eoaie. Oiaoi, a ?aoo? ?aoo
cieea? nain ?nioaaiiy Aaaionoaa ye i?aaio, yeee iiaeiai i?aai?ciaoaaoe
oa eii?aeeioaaoe i?ioean oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aoaeoeaia nenoaia i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy
aea?aeaaieie iaeaoaie aeoe?e o i?iieneiaino?” aaoi?ii cae?enith?oueny
?ic?iaea iiai? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeiaeia a
i?iieneiaino?. Aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie i?i oa, ui caaaeueiee i?eioeei
cai?iaaaeaeaii? nenoaie — o?anoiaee iaoiae /a?ac OI — ? aei?aaaeaiei. C
iaeiiai aieo, o?anoiaee iaoiae i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy aeineoue
aoaeoeaii aecia/ea naaa a aeiiii?/i?e i?aeoeoe? ?icaeiooeo e?a?i
(iniaeeai o caaacia/aii? aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy a ?eieiaeo oiiaao
eieeoiuei? aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? o i?iieneiaino? No?aeii? I?ia//eie o
iiaiio neeaae? O?I), c ae?oaiai — noaia i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /a?ac OI
? a i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiio nain? iioeiaeueiith. Noai?aiiy ?ioi?
oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy aeeeeeaei a noai?aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo
no?oeoo?, ye? a aeeiioaaee oae? nai? ooieoe??, ui iiaea caaacia/eoe
iaeia OI. Aa?o/e aei oaaae i?eioeei, ui aeey caaacia/aiiy eaaeino?
ao?eaiiy o i?aeoeeo iiaa nenoaia ii iiaeeeaino? iiaeiia aianoe
i?i?iaeuei? ci?ie o ae?th/o nenoaio, aaoi? i?iiiio? caeeoeoe o?anoiaee
iaoiae /a?ac OI ye i?eioeei i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy a iia?e nenoai?.
Aiae?c iaaeie?e?a ?nioth/i? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy, ye?
noi?ioeueiaai? o e?ioe? ae?oaiai ?icae?eo, aecia/eee iai?yiee
iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee iiai? nenoaie. Aaoi? i?iiiio? oae? ??oaiiy, ye?
noai?ththoue iniiao iiai? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy:

1. Noaia i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a
i?iieneiaino?. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie
aea?aeiaeia iiaeiia ?aae?ciaoaaoeny ca oaeith noaiith: ooieoe??
oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a noaoooieo oiiaeao AO eiie?aoii?
aaeoc? i?iieneiaino? iiaeiii cae?enithaaoe a?aeiia?aeia aaeocaaa
i?i?noa?noai (a?aeiinoai), — aea?aeaaia no?oeoo?a, yea c oi/ee ci?o
caaacia/aiiy ye?nii? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? i?iieneiai? iie?oeee oa
iaea?eueo eiiiaoaioiiai oa i?ioan?eiiai eii?aeeioaaiiy i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaiei iaeaoii aeoe?e (oiaoi o/ano? o ei?ii?aoeaiiio
ea??aieoeoa? i?iieneiaei i?aei?e?inoaii), iiaea ?aae?coaaoe oe? iaoe
iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii.

Aaeocaaa i?i?noa?noai cae?enith? i?ecia/aiiy OI ia eiieo?ni?e iniia? oa
eii?aeeio? ?o ae?yeuei?noue oeyoii ?ic?iaee caaaeaiue oa iia?aoeaii?
?iaioe c OI. Eiie?aoi? ooieoe?? i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe c OI cae?eniththoue
a?aeae?ee oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeiaeia, ye? iiaeii? noai?eoeny o
?aieao aaeocaaeo i?i?noa?noa. O ?aieao a?aeae?e?a iiaeii? ooieoe?iioaaoe
i?aea?aeae?ee c i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy eiio?ieueieo oa i?inoeo iaeao?a.

2. I?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee uiaei caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? ?aae?caoe??
aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a a neeaae? i?aaio ei?ii?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy. Aeey
caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? ae?ia?aei?no? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo
?ioa?an?a aaoi?ii i?iiiio?oueny i?eioeei ia’?aeiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaeaoo
c iaeaoii ?ioiai aeoe?iia?a aeey oi?ioaaiiy noeoiiiai eiio?ieueiiai /e
yeiiiaa a?eueoiai i?inoiai iaeaoo /a?ac i?ecia/aiiy oeueiai aeoe?iia?a
ia iino OI. Aaoi?ii i?iiiiothoueny i?eioeeie, ca?aeii c yeeie i?e
i?iaaaeaii? eiieo?no ia i?ecia/aiiy OI, i?e aeeiiaii? caaaeueieo oiia
caeaoiino? (ioieoe 3-5), ia?aaaaa a?aeaea?oueny ca ne?aeoth/ei
i??i?eoaoii:

1. Aeoe?iia?, yeiio iaeaaeeoue eiio?ieueiee iaeao aeoe?e;

2. Aeoe?iia?, aeaniee iaeao aeoe?e yeiai a noeoiiino? c aea?aeaaiei
caaacia/o? eiio?ieueiee iaeao;

3. Aeoe?iia?, aeaniee iaeao aeoe?e yeiai a noeoiiino? c aea?aeaaiei
caaacia/o? yeiiiaa a?eueoee i?inoee iaeao;

3. I?aai?caoe?ei? i?eioeeie uiaei caaacia/aiiy eiiieaeniino? oi?aae?iiy
oa yeino? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a. Aeey caaacia/aiiy
eiiieaeniino? oi?aae?iiy oa yeino? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a
aaoi? i?iiiio? ia’?aeiaoe ooieoe?? no?aoaa?/iiai oa iia?aoeaiiai
oi?aae?iiy aeey i?aaenoaaieea aea?aeaae i?e ei?ii?aoeaiiio oi?aae?ii?
/a?ac i?eioeeie iaeii/aniiai cae?eniaiiy OI ooieoe?e aieinoaaiiy ia
caaaeueieo cai?ao oa cae?eniaiiy ooieoe?e iia?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy o
neeaae? aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a i?aei?e?inoaa. Ca?aeii c oeeie i?eioeeiaie
i?iiiiothoueny oae? ??oaiiy:

yeui aea?aeaaiee iaeao ? aaniethoiei eiio?ieueiei (75% oa aeua), OI
iiaeiia i?iaanoe ??oaiiy i?i nai? caeiyooy iinaaee aieiae aeeiiaa/iai
i?aaio;

yeui aea?aeaaiee iaeao aeoe?e ? i?inoei eiio?ieueiei (a?eueo 50%, aea
iaioa 75%), OI iiaeiia ca aeiiiiiaith eia?thaaiiy ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?i
nai? i?ecia/aiiy ia iino aieiae i?aae?iiy;

yeui aea?aeaa? iaeaaeeoue i?inoee iaeao, oi ia iinaaeo OI o?aaa
aeiiaaaoeny i?ecia/aiiy noa’?eoa ?c ?ioeo aeoe?iia??a, yeee o?eia?
eiio?ieueiee iaeao, aai iaeao yeiai a noeoiiino? c aea?aeaaiei neeaaea?
eiio?ieueiee, oa aeae? caaacia/eoe i?ecia/aiiy OI ia iinaaeo aieiae
i?aae?iiy, ca?aeii aei ioieo?a “a” /e “a”;

a ?ac? iaiiaeeeaino? ae??oaiiy oeeo ieoaiue, aea?aeaaiee iaeao aeoe?e
iiaeiai aei?o/aoeny ?ioiio aeoe?iia?o AO, yeee caaacia/o? yeiiiaa
a?eueoee iaeiio?ieueiee noeoiiee iaeao aeoe?e, oa aeae? aeiiaaaoeny
aoiaeaeaiiy OI aei neeaaeo aeeiiaa/iai i?aaio aai eiio?iethth/iai i?aaio
ca ne?aeoth/ei i??i?eoaoii iinoaiiaee ieoaiiy i?i caiyooy iinaaee:

1. Aieiaa i?aae?iiy;

2. *eai i?aae?iiy;

3. Aieiaa niinoa?aaeii? ?aaee (?aa?c?eii?
eii?n??);

4. *eai niinoa?aaeii? ?aaee (?aa?c?eii?
eii?n??);

4. Caoiaee uiaei aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?e OI th?eaee/ieie oa o?ce/ieie
iniaaie. I?e aei?o/aii? eiio?ieueiiai iaeaoo aeoe?e ia iinaaeo OI
aaoi?ii i?iiiio?oueny i?eioeei i?ecia/aiiy aeeeth/ii o?ce/ii? iniae,
ia?aaaaeii eaae?o?eiaaiiai ni?a?ia?oieea aaeocaaeo aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a.
Oey i??a caaacia/eoue iaeneiaeueio eiio?ieueiaai?noue ae?yeueiino? AO c
aieo aea?aeaae (ia a?aei?io a?ae aeiaaeeo c th?eaee/iith iniaith), ui
iiaeiii caaacia/oaaoeny i?e caeeoaii? o aea?aeaa? eiio?ieueiiai iaeaoo.
I?ino? (iaeiio?ieuei?) iaeaoe iiaeooue aei?o/aoeny ye o?ce/i?e, oae ?
th?eaee/i?e inia?.

5. Caoiaee, ye? aecia/athoue iiaeeea?noue aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?e OI oa ?o
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue. I?e ??oaii? i?i i?ecia/aiiy ia iinaaeo OI o?ce/ii?
iniae aieiaiith oiiaith ? o?eueee eiai i?ioan?eia caeaoi?noue. I?e
caiiae?yii? aea?aeaa? oeiaee, o?ce/ia iniaa iana a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue
ca?aeii c a?aeiia?aeieie noaooyie EE. I?e i?ecia/aii? th?eaee/ii? iniae,
e??i a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? caaaeueiei oiiaai, aeiaeaoeiai, aaoi? i?iiiio?
i?eioeei iiaii? aa?aioiaaiino? aa?oino? aea?aeiaeia aeanieie caniaaie.
Ca?aeii c oeei, oiiaith i?ecia/aiiy th?eaee/ii? iniae ? iayai?noue
noaoooiiai oiiaeo o ?ici??? ia iaio ye 100% aa?oino? aea?aeaaiiai
iaeaoo aeoe?e. I?e caiiae?yii? oeiaee caaacia/o?oueny aeniea
a??ia?aei?noue oiai, ui th?eaee/ia iniaa eiiiaino? caeoee aea?aeaa? ca
?aooiie ?? aeanieo cania?a (noaoooiiai oiiaeo).

6. Caoiaee uiaei iaeii/aniiai aei?o/aiiy aeae?eueeio /anoie aea?aeiaeia.
Aaoi? i?iiiio? oae? caaaeuei? oiiae iaeii/aniiai aei?o/aiiy: aeey
o?ce/ieo in?a: ia a?eueo ye 4 iaeaoe, ye iaeneiaeueia e?euee?noue, uiaei
yei? o?ce/ia iniaa iiaea oaoi?/ii caaacia/eoe i?ioean ii?iaeueiiai
oi?aae?iiy. Oaeiae i?iiiiothoueny oae? i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee: i?e
ia?oiio i?ecia/aii? OI iiaea aei?o/aoeny ia a?eueo ye iaeia /anoea
aea?aeaaiiai iaeia c ?nieoiei oa?i?iii 1 ??e. I?ney cae?i/aiiy ?nieoiiai
oa?i?io a?aeiia?aeaeueiee aea?aeaaiee i?aai ?icaeyaea? ?acoeueoaoe
oi?aae?iiy iaeiith /anoeith aea?aeiaeia oa i?eeia? ??oaiiy i?i
caeaoi?noue OI oi?aaeyoe aeiaeaoeiaeie /anoeaie. ?c aeuaaecia/aieo
iieiaeaiue aeo?ea?, ui o?ce/ia iniaa ia iiaea iaeii/anii oi?aaeyoe
a?eueo ye iaeiei eiio?ieueiei iaeaoii (aeiaeaoeia? iaeaoe iiaeooue aooe
eeoa i?inoeie). Aeey th?eaee/ieo — e?euee?noue ia iaiaaeo?oueny,
aieiaiith oiiaith (ca?aeii c ioieoii 4) ? ianya noaoooiiai oiiaeo o
?ici??? ia iaio ye noeoiia aa?o?noue iaeao?a, ui aei?o/athoueny.

7. I?aai?caoe?y iieaoe i?aoe? OI. Aaoi? aaaaea? eaae?o?eoaaoe
iaoa??aeueia noeioethaaiiy OI ye “iieaoa i?aoe?” oa i?iiiio? eiia?iiaaio
no?oeoo?o ca?ia?oii? ieaoi?: o?eniaaia ieaoiy oa i?ia?aneaia /anoea.
O?eniaaia ieaoiy aeiei/o?oueny ?c noaoae athaeaeaoo, ni?yiiaaieo ia
caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy aea?aeiaeia, a i?ia?aneaia /anoea
ia?aoiao?oueny a i?ioeaioao a?ae oaeoe/ii io?eiaieo aeea?aeaiae?a.
O?eniaaiee ieeaae caaacia/o? ye?noue i?aoe? OI o caeoeiaeo AO, oa o
aeiaaeeao, eiee aeea?aeaiaee c ia’?eoeaieo i?e/ei ia aeiea/othoueny, a
oaeiae caoeua? a?ae iaaaoeaiiai yaeua “iiaii? ca aeieaoith
aeea?aeaiae?a” c aieo OI. I?ia?aneaia /anoea caaacia/o? caoe?eaaeai?noue
OI a i?aeaeuaii? i?eaooeiaino? iaeaoo aea?aeaaieo aeoe?e.

Iiooeoaa/ai ?icaeioo? iaoeia? i?eioeeie oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaiei iaeaoii aeoe?e a i?iieneiaino?.
Iaoiaeeea neeaaea?oueny ?c ioe?iee aeeiiaiiy i?yieo caaaeaiue
a?aeiia?aeieo aea?aei?aai?a c ioe?ieith: “aeeiiaii” /e “ia aeeiiaii” oa
aiae?co iieaciee?a aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?. A iniiao aiae?co iieaciee?a
iieeaaea?oueny ii??aiyiiy ?o cia/aiue c ii?iaoeaieie, ye? ? ?iae?eaoi?ii
ii?iaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai noaio i?aei?e?inoaa ye iane?aee?a aoaeoeaiiai
ei?ii?aoeaiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo c o/anoth OI.

?yae iieaciee?a ia ii?iothoueny /e caaea?oueny ?o ?aeiiaiaeo?ia
aaee/eia, oae ye ?o cia/aiiy ia iiaeooue iaeiicia/ii oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe
aoaeoeai?noue iaiaaeaeiaioo. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo iio??aai ?icaeyae
oeueiai iieacieea a noeoiiino? c ae?oaeie iieacieeaie, ye? ii?iothoueny,
aai ii??aiyiiy ?o c? cia/aiiyie oaeeo naieo iieaciee?a ?ioeo
i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?, ye? iathoue aiaeia?/i? iiooaeiino? oa
ooieoe?iiothoue o aiaeia?/ieo oiiaao.

Nenoaia iieaciee?a iaaaaeaia o oaaeeoe? 1. O oi?ioeao aaoi? aeei?enoiao?
cia/aiiy iieaciee?a noaiaea?oii? o?iainiai? ca?oiino? o aeaeyae?:
O(i)[j], aea i — iiia? oi?ie o?iainiai? ca?oiino?, j — iiia? iieacieea o
oi?i?.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Nenoaia iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy iaeaoii aeoe?e

Aoaie ioe?iee

Iacaa iieacieea

?ic?aooieiaa oi?ioea Ii?iaoeaia (?aeiiaiaeo?ia)

cia/aiiy

1. Ioe?iea iaeiiaiai noaio AO ?iaeaen noie ainiiaea?nueeeo cania?a (AC)

?nac=O(1)[360]ca\O(1)[360]aac

>=1

Aeiey aeoeaii?

/anoeie AC AAe=(O(5)[503]+O(5)[504])\O(5)[510]

?iaeaen aeie? aeoeaii?

/anoeie AC

?aea/= AAeca\AAeaac

>=1

2. Ioe?iea o?iainiaiai noaio AO Eiao?oe??io o?iainiai? noaa?eueiino?

Eon=O(1)[495]\(O(1)[530]+O(1)[750])

>1

Eiao?oe??io o?iainiai? aaoiiii??

Eaao=O(1)[495]\O(1)[330]

>0,5

Eiao?oe??io o?iainiaiai e?aa??aeaeo

Oe=O(1)[530]\O(1)[495]

?iaeaen o?iainiaiai e?aa??aeaeo

?oe=Oe ca\ Oe aac

1< 3. Ioe?iea aeanieo ia?aiaeo cania?a ?iai/ee eai?oae (?E) ?E=O(1)[150]+O(1)[320]-O(1)[750] O[3](590) Iaiaa?ai?noue ?E I?e=O(1)[150]\ (O(1)[150]+O(1)[320]-O(1)[750]) - ?iaeaen iaiaa?aiiino? ?E I?e ca\ I ?e aac (?aeii. iacia/ii iaio 1) I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaae. 1 Eiao?oe??io iie?eooy Ei=(O(1)[150]+O(1)[320]-O(1)[120])\ O(1)[750] >1

Eiao?oe??io aaniethoii? e?ea?aeiino?:
Eae=(O(1)[250]+O(1)[260]+O(1)[270]+

O(1)[280]+O(1)[290])\

O(1)[750]

0,2-0,35

4. Ioe?iea ae?yeueiino? AO, i?eaooeiaino? aeoe?e

?aioaaaeuei?noue AO

?=O(2)[50]\O(2)[40] o 100% A iaaeao na?aaeiueiaaeoc. Ii?ie

?iaeaen ?aioaaaeueiino? AO ??=?ca\?aac

>=1

?iaeaen

i?eaooeo AO ?i=O(2)[90]ca\O(2)[90]aac

>=1

*enoee i?eaooie ia iaeao aeoe?e

I/ia=(O(2)[90]-O(2)[200]) o n\100

I?eaooeia?noue iaeaoo aeoe?e Iia=D\F x (n\100%)

?iaeaen i?eaooeiaino?

iaeaoo aeoe?e

?iia=Iia ca\ Iia aac

(?aeii. >1)

5. Ioe?iea eioe?iaee aeoe?e AO A?aeiioaiiy ?eieiai? oe?ie aeoe?? aei
iii?iaeo

S=W \ N

(?aeii. >1)

?iaeaen

?eieiai? oe?ie aeoe??

??oea= Wca \ Waac

>=1

aea aaee/eie: D — aeea?aeaiaee ii iaeaoo aeoe?e, F — iii?iaeueia
aa?o?noue aeoe?iia?iiai eai?oaeo AO, W — ?eieiaa aa?o?noue aeoe??, n —
?ici?? iaeaoo aeoe?e a a?aenioeao, N —
iii?iaeueia aa?o?noue aeoe??;

aea ?iaeaene: ca — a ca?oiiio ia??iae?, aac — a aaciaiio ia??iae?;

Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia iieaciee?a ia? iiaea?eia cia/aiiy — c iaeiiai aieo
aeio?eiaiiy iieaciee?a a iaaeao ii?iaoeaieo cia/aiue ? iniiaith
iioeaaoe?? ae?yeueiino? OI, c ae?oaiai aieo — io?eiai? cia/aiiy
iieaciee?a ? ?iae?eaoi?aie ?acoeueoaoeaiino? oe??? ?iaioe. Aaoi?ii
iaaeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ae?e ea??aieea aea?aeaaiiai iaeaoo
aeoe?e a aeiaaeeao a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a a?ae ii?iaoeao oa iniaeeai
?icaeyaeathoueny neooaoe??, eiee ea??aieoeuee? ??oaiiy, iane?aeeaie /iai
noathoue a?aeoeeaiiy cia/aiue iieaciee?a a?ae ii?iaoeao, ?
aei?aaaeaieie.

A o?ao?e aeaa? ?icae?eo aaoi? iaaiaeeoue aeena?oaoe?eio ?ic?iaeo o
aeaeyae? i?aai?caoe?eii-?ino?oeoeaii? iiaeae?, iieiaeaiiy yei? ?
i?ioioeiaie iieiaeaiue ?aaeaiaiooth/eo aeieoiaio?a oa ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a,
a ye?e iaaea?oueny eiiieaen i?aai?caoe?eieo aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? c
oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaiei iaeaoii aeoe?e: ii?yaeie i?ecia/aiiy OI, ii?yaeie
eii?aeeiaoe?? OI c aieo a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio, ii?yaeie
ca?ooaaiiy OI oa neeaae ca?oieo aeieoiaio?a, ?.o.ae.

O caeeth/aii? noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

AENIIAEE

Aeeiiaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaiey? noi?ioethaaoe ianooii?
io?eiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. ?icaeiooi iaoeia? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?
oi?aae?iiy, i?eioeei?a ei?ii?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy, a oaeiae iniia
i?aai?caoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy oi?iaie aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?, ui aeicaieeei
noai?eoe oai?aoe/io aaco aeey oi?ioethaaiiy canaaeiaeo iieiaeaiue c
oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai
iaeia a i?iieneiaino? o ?eieiaeo oiiaao. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aea?aeaaa
iiaeiia a?aoe aeoeaio oa eiiieaenio o/anoue a i?ioean? ei?ii?aoeaiiai
oi?aae?iiy noa’?eoaie aea?aeaaii-i?eaaoii? aeaniino?, iiaeiia aooe
caaacia/aia iaae?ei?noue oa noaa?euei?noue aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a
oi?aae?iiy i?e aa?iii?eiino? ca’yceo “aea?aeaaa — i?eaaoiee noa’?eo”.
Aieiaieie iaoiaeaie caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? ?aae?caoe?? aeanieo
?ioa?an?a i?e ei?ii?aoeaiiio oi?aae?ii? ? eia?thaaiiy, aeieoaaiiy,
caaacia/aiiy caiyooy iinaaee aieiae aeeiiaa/iai i?aaio i?aei?e?inoaa;

2. Cae?eniaii aiae?c ?nioth/i? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie
aea?aeiaeia, yeee neeaaeaany ?c aiae?co ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, ui
?aaeaiaioothoue i?aai?caoe?th oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeiaeia, a oaeiae
aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a ?? i?aeoe/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c
aeyaea iaaeie?ee nenoaie ia oai?aoe/iiio oa i?aeoe/iiio ??aiyo, ye?
neeaee iniiao oi?ioaaiiy iai?yi?a ?ic?iaee iiai? nenoaie. Aaoi?ii
anoaiiaeaii oae? iniiai? i?e/eie iaaoaeoeaiino? ?nioth/i? nenoaie:
iaaoaeoeai?noue noaie ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? i?iieneiai? iie?oeee a
noa?? aea?aeaaii-i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa, iaaeinoaoiy caaacia/ai?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy oa a?aenooi?noue eiiieaeniino? i?e ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo
?ioa?an?a a i?aaiao ei?ii?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy, a?aenooi?noue ?yaeo oiia
caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy /anoeith aea?aeaaiiai iaeia.

Aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaai? oae? iiceoeai? oaeoi?e nenoaie: i?inoioa oa
iioeiaeuei?noue noaie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy i?e o?anoiaiio iaoiae?,
ia?aa??ai?noue aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe noaie o ?eieiaeo oiiaao ia i?aeoeoe?
?icaeiooeo oa iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?i.

Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co nenoaie aoa c?iaeaiee caaaeueiee
aeniiaie i?i ?? iaaoaeoeai?noue.

3. ?ic?iaeaia oa iaa?oioiaaia iiaa nenoaia i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy
/anoeaie aea?aeiaeia a i?iieneiaino?. A nenoai? cai?iiiiiaai? oae?
??oaiiy, ui caaacia/othoue ?? aoaeoeai?noue:

— noaia i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeith aea?aeaaiiai iaeia, yea
caaacia/othoue iaea?eueo ye?nia oa eiiiaoaioia i?iaaaeaiiy aea?aeaaii?
i?iieneiai? iie?oeee;

— i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee uiaei caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? ?aae?caoe??
?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae a neeaae? i?aaio ei?ii?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e
a?aenooiino? o aea?aeaae eiio?ieueiiai iaeaoo;

— i?aai?caoe?ei? i?eioeeie uiaei caaacia/aiiy eiiieaeniino? oi?aae?iiy
oa yeino? ?aae?caoe?e aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a;

— eiiieaen i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
ye?noue oi?aae?iiy iaeaoii aeoe?e oa iaoiiaeththoue aenieee ??aaiue
caoenoo a?ae ?ecee?a aeey aea?aeaae i?e o?anoiaiio iaoiae? i?aai?caoe??
oi?aae?iiy iaeiii.

4. Oaeineaiaeai? oa noi?ioeueiaai? iaoiaee/i? canaaee ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy /anoeith aea?aeiaeia. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy iaeaoii aea?aeaaieo aeoe?e a
i?iieneiaino?, yea caaacia/o? ia’?eoeai?noue ioe?iee yeino? oi?aae?iiy
aea?aeaaiei iaeaoii aeoe?e, iii?oi?eia aeiiii?/iiai noaio ni?aa a
i?aei?e?inoa?, oa ? iniiaith iioeaaoe?? ae?yeueiino? oiiaiiaaaeaii?
iniae. A iaoiaeeoe? iaaea?oueny eiiieaen caaaeueieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
ae?e OI o aeiaaeeao a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a a?ae ii?iaoeaieo cia/aiiue.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?? A?Ae?AAEAII O NE?AeOTH*EO ?IAIOAO:

1. Nieieu E.E. I?aaiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey aeieyie ainoaea?noaaiiiai
eiouanoaa a i?iiuoeaiiinoe (iiaeoiaeu e ?aoaiey). — Iaeanna.: IAI
Oe?aeiu, Einoeooo i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee,
1998. — 85 n.

2. Nieieu E.E. I?eaea/aiea noaaeeueiuo eiaanoeoeee o?aaoao aa?aioee eo
yooaeoeaiiai i?eiaiaiey // Eiaanoe?iaaiea yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo
?uiea. Nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio. — EI?YYE IAI Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1998. — N.
51-55.

3. Nieieu E.E. Aa?iiaeneea eiaanoeoeee a Iaeanneee ay?iii?o: ieaiu e
aeaeaiey // Eiaanoe?iaaiea yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo ?uiea. Nai?iee
iao/iuo ?aaio. — EI?YYE IAI Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1998.- N. 82-85.

4. Nieieu E.E. ?acoeueoaou i?eaaoecaoeee e iaania/aiey i?aaiecaoeee
oi?aaeaiey aeieyie ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe a Iaeanneii ?aaeiia //
Yeiiiie/aneea eiiiaaoeee. Auione 3. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaii. Nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio. — Iaeanna: EI?YYE IAI
Oe?aeiu, 1998. — N. 132-136.

Aiioaoe?y

Nieiee ?.?. Nenoaia i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia
a i?iieneiaino?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca oaoii 08.07.01. — Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?. — ?inoeooo i?iaeai
?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai? ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaii? nenoaie
i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia a i?iieneiaino?.
Aeeiiaii aiae?c ?nioth/i? nenoaie oeyoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeaiaiooth/eo
aeieoiaio?a, aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaii-i?eaaoieo
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?iaioe oiiaiiaaaeaieo in?a c oi?aae?iiy
iaeaoaie aea?aeaeoe?e a Iaeanueeiio ?aa?ii?. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co
anoaiiaeaii iaaaoeai? oa iiceoeai? oaeoi?e ?nioth/i? nenoaie oa c?iaeaii
aeniiaie i?i ?? iaaoaeoeai?noue. ?ic?iaeaia iiaa nenoaia i?aai?caoe??
oi?aae?iiy, a ye?e aaeeoi ?yae ??oaiue, ye? caaacia/othoue ye?noue,
oe?ieo ?aae?caoe?th oa caoeno aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a a neeaae?
ei?ii?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy AO. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy iaeaoii aea?aeaaieo aeoe?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nenoaia i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy i?iieneia?noth, /anoea
aea?aeaaiiai iaeia, aea?aeaaiee iaeao aeoe?e, aea?aeaai? i?iieneia?
oiiaee.

Aiiioaoeey.

Nieieu E.E. Nenoaia i?aaiecaoeee oi?aaeaiey aeieyie ainoaea?noaaiiiai
eiouanoaa a i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01. — Yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — Einoeooo
i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu,
Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia ?ac?aaioee yooaeoeaiie nenoaiu
i?aaiecaoeee oi?aaeaiey aeieyie ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe a
i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Auiieiai aiaeec aeaenoaothuae nenoaiu ioo?i
enneaaeiaaiey ?aaeaiaioe?othueo aeieoiaioia, aiaeeca yooaeoeaiinoe
?aaiou ainoaea?noaaiii-/anoiuo i?aaei?eyoee e ?aaiou oiieiiii/aiiuo eeoe
ii oi?aaeaieth ainaeoeeyie a Iaeanneii ?aaeiia. Onoaiiaeaiu iaaaoeaiua e
iiceoeaiua oaeoi?u aeaenoaothuae nenoaiu, naeaeai auaiae i a?
iayooaeoeaiinoe. ?ac?aaioaia iiaay nenoaia, a eioi?ie i?eiai?i ?yae
?aoaiee, iaania/eaathueo ea/anoai, oe?ieoth ?aaeecaoeeth e caueoo
ainoaea?noaaiiuo eioa?ania i?e ei?ii?aoeaiii oi?aaeaiee AI. I?aaeeiaeaia
iaoiaeeea ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeaiey aeieae aineiouanoaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nenoaia i?aaiecaoeee oi?aaeaiey i?iiuoeaiiinoueth,
aeiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai eiouanoaa, ainoaea?noaaiiue iaeao aeoeee,
ainoaea?noaaiiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu.

Abstract

Sokoly I.I. System of organisation of management for state shares in
government funded industrial enterprises. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 08.07.01.- Economy of
indusrty. — The Institute of market problems and economical-ecological
researches of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Odessa, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to designing of the system of effective
management for state shares in government funded industrial enterprises
by free market conditions. It was analysed and extended the grounds of
creating and functioning of organisational management structures and the
role of state management institutions in market conditions. It was made
the analysis of available system of organisation of management for state
shares in industry of Ukraine, which consisted of the two parts:
researching the structure and methods of organisation the management for
state share of industrial property of Ukraine on the ground of analysis
of laws and other regulating documents, analysis of effectivity of the
work of government funded industrial enterprises and the work of
authorised persons (AP), managing the state shares in Odessa region.
After the results of the analysis it was recovered the positive and
negative features of available system. As the negative features it was
defined: assignment of the functions of organisation the management to
the institution, which is not potentially able to effectively manage
this process; unsufficient warranty of providing the state’s interests
in the corporative management in JSV in general case; absence of
mechanism of operative management in the JSV by AP; absence of effective
mechanism of money stimulating the labour of a AP; situation of “double
governing” between an AP and chairman, assigned by state in the case,
when state’s share is more than 51%; compound and ineffective mechanism
of AP’s co-ordination from the state; unlimity of number of the shares,
assigned to a one AP; condition of deposing the security, which makes
the serious brakes in the process of assigning the AP; insufficient
effectivity of mechanisms of protecting the risks from the damages in
the case, when the state share is trusted to a juridical person. As the
positive features it was defined the simplicity and optimality of the
scheme of organisation the management by the “trust” method, and
reliability of its effectivity, approved by the practice of developed
countries and postsocialist states of Eastern Europe. On the ground of
results of the analysis it was defined that the available system is
ineffective.

It was elaborated the new system of organisation the management of
state’s share in industrial government funded enterprises, in which it’s
applicated the set of principles and decisions, providing the effective
and competent management of state’s share and wide realisation and
protecting the state interests at the corporative management in JSV. It
was proposed: the structure of organisation the management of state’s
share in industry, the principles of organisation of assignment of an
AP; the complex of decisions for providing of AP’s entering into the
main managing institutions of a JSV; conditions of assignment of an AP
and his responsibility; organisation of money stimulating the AP’s
labour after the combined scheme; conditions of simultaneous assigning
the set of state shares to a one AP; order of the work of AP and its
co-ordination from the state. Also it was proposed the methodic of
estimating the effectivity of management of state share, based on the
analysis of private participation of AP in process of management of JSV,
and estimating the economical indicators of resultativity of managing
the enterprise: estimating of property’s condition, estimating of
financial condition, estimating of using the circulating capital,
estimating the resultativity of JSV’s activity and profitability of
share holding; estimating the action’s rating.

The important principal features of the dissertation elaborating is its
sufficient simplicity of application to a practice as it bases on the
main principles of the available system, and also the ability of
applicating the elaborated methods and decisions in the other economical
spheres, such as transport, agriculture, trade.

Key words: system of organisation of management in industry, state
share, government funded enterprise (GFE), government invested
enterprise (GIE), government industrial funds.

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