Розвиток військово-педагогічної спрямованості у майбутніх офіцерів-прикордонників: Автореф. дис… канд. пед. наук / С.М. Морозов, Акад. прикордон. ві

AEAAeAI?ss I?EEI?AeIIIEO A?ENUeE OE?A?IE

?IAI? AIAAeAIA OIAEUeIEOeUeEIAI

II?ICIA NA?A?E IEEIEAEIAE*

OAeE 37.03:355

?ICAEOIE A?ENUeEIAI-IAAeAAIA?*II? NI?ssIIAAIINO?

O IAEAOOI?O IO?OeA??A-I?EEI?AeIIIEE?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 20.02.02

A?enueeiaa iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Caeiaoaa/ Ii?icia N. I.

Oiaeueieoeueeee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?iai?
Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai, Aea?aeaaiee Eii?oao o ni?aaao ioi?iie
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Caneoaeaiee ae?y/
iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie ?eaae Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, Aeaaeai?y Ca?ieieo Nee
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ?noi??? a?ei ? a?enueeiaiai ienoaoeoaa, ia/aeueiee
eaoaae?e.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeueii?i Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia??,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, Naiaiia TH??e Ieeieaeiae/, Aeaaeai?y
Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ?iicaiieo iia, ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueeee a?enueeiaee aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo, eaoaae?a a?enueeiai?
iaaeaaia?ee oa eoeueoo?e, I?i?noa?noai iai?iie Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “28“ ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 70.705.02 Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai ca aae?anith: 280003,i.
Oiaeueieoeueeee — 3, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 46, cae can?aeaiue.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai (280003, i.
Oiaeueieoeueeee — 3, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 46).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “26“ aa?aciy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aae?iia A.
A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aea/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a neoaeaiai? ae?yeueiino?
io?oea??a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui iniiaieie
?? o?oaeiiuaie, iniaeeai aeey iieiaeeo io?oea??a, ? i?iaeaie, ye?
iia’ycai? c ea??aieoeoaii, iaa/aiiyi oa aeoiaaiiyi iniaiaiai neeaaeo.
Iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue, neaae? iaae/ee
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe, iecueeee ??aaiue iaoiaee/ii? i?aeaioiaee,
iaaeinoaoi?noue oi?iiy, a a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao — ? aaaeaiiy ciaeoe
a??iee i?aeo?ae aei i?aeeaaeeo, iiaa/eoe ? a?aooaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
iniaeeaino? ai?i?a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a — inue iaiiaiee ia?ae?e iniiaieo
o?oaeiiu?a o a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino? cia/ii? e?eueeino?
aeioneiee?a Aeaaeai?? IAO. Aeey no/anieo I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie
iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a iaoiiaeaia oneeaaeiaiiyi oiia neoaeae, c?inoaiiyi
aeiia aei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe. Io?oea?e-i?eei?aeiiieee
aaciina?aaeiuei i?aai?ciaothoue ioi?iio aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, oiio a?ae
?oiuei? a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, cie?aia — oi?iiy
iaa/aoe oa aeoiaoaaoe i?aeeaaeeo, caeaaeeoue ye?noue aeeiiaiiy
neoaeaiai-aieiaeo caaaeaiue /anoeiaie oa i?ae?icae?eaie I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

Ia aeoieo aaaaoueio no/anieo a/aieo — ineoieia?a ? iaaeaaia?a, na?aae
ineo?/ieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino? iaea?eueo nooo?aith, ea?aeeiaeueiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith ?iaeea?aea ? ni?yiiaai?noue, oiio ui ?? iniiao neeaaea?
nenoaia no?eeeo iioea?a, ye? aecia/athoue iiaaae?ieo iniaenoino? ?
iaoiiaeththoue ?? aeoeaio ae?yeuei?noue uiaei aeinyaiaiiy oe?eae.
A?eueo?noue a?aeiieo a?enueeiaeo iaaeaaia?a ? ineoieia?a, o naith /a?ao,
aaaaea? a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/io ni?yiiaai?noue i?ia?aeiith iniaeno?niith
ye?noth na?aae eiiiiiaio?a iaaeaaia?/ii? eoeueoo?e io?oea?a. Ioaea,
na?aae aeanoeainoae iniaenoino? io?oea?a ye iaaeaaiaa, iniaeeai? oaaae
caneoaiao? naia a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ni?yiiaai?noue, caaaeyee ye?e
a?i ci?a ae i?ioyaii on??? neoaeae aoaeoeaii ni?eyoe anaa?/iiio ?
aa?iii?eiiio ?icaeoeo ioi/oth/eo, a ia?oo /a?ao — nai?o i?aeeaaeeo.

?acoeueoaoe aiae?co iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e
na?ae/aoue, ui i?iaeaiith ?icaeoeo iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
iniaenoino? caeiaeiny aaaaoi a/aieo. Iaea?eueo cia/oueie aeey ?icoi?iiy
nooiino? naia a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?, ia aeoieo aaoi?a,
? i?aoe? A. A. Aiaiue?aa, I. I. Aioeeai?, TH. E. Aaaainueeiai, E. N.
Aeaionueeiai, I. A. Eocuei?ii?, I. I. Eaiioue?aa, A. I. Naie/aiei oa ?i.
A?enueeiaeie iaaeaaiaaie ? ineoieiaaie I. A. Aa?aaaiueeiaei, A. ?.
Aaeiatheii,I. I. Ai?iaeiaei, I. I. Aeai/aieii, E. O. AEae?ciyeii,I. O.
Eioiaei, N. N. Iooeeiiaei oa ?ioeie i?iaeaia ?icaeoeo iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? io?oea?a ?icaeyaeaeany eeoa o caaaeueiiio ieai?. Ie?ai?
aniaeoe a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee io?oea??a I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee Oe?a?ie aeine?aeaeai? o aeena?oaoe?yo A. I. Aaeaoiaa, Ae. A.
?uaiea, I. Ae. Nao?ia, TH. ?. Na?aethea oa ?i. O oie aea /an, i?iaeaia
?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a a?oioiaii ia ?icaeyaeaeany.

Aeaye? aeaiaioe a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? io?oea??a
?icaeyiooi aia?eeainueeeie aeine?aeieeaie I. Aa?ianii, O. Aeaeaooa?nii,
I. Eioieaiaeii oa ?i. No/ani? oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a a?i?e NOA, I?ia//eie, Aiae??, O?aioe??,
iniaeeaino? ?oiueiai iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy o aaocao ?ice?eo? o
i?aoeyo A. Aeea??a, Ae. Aoa?na, I. Aae?ia, A. Aeaeaooa?a, A. Ae?ea, A.
?iana, E. Eioa oa ?i. Aiae?c ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue i?i
iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaiiai aeina?aeo a?i?e ?ioeo e?a?i o
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeaioiaoe? io?oea?nueeeo eaae??a aeey
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

Ine?eueee i?ioan?eia ae?yeuei?noue io?oea?a aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia ?c
iaa/aiiyi oa aeoiaaiiyi i?aeeaaeeo i?e aeeiiaii? iei
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii?, i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueei?,
a?enueeiai-niaoe?aeueii?, a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-ainiiaea?nueei? ooieoe?e, aaoi? aaaaea?
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/io ni?yiiaai?noue iaeaaaeeea?oith aeanoea?noth
iniaenoino? io?oea?a. I??i?eoaoi?noue ?icaeoeo oe??? yeino? o iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a iaoiiaeaia oaeiae iio?aaaie no/aniino?, cie?aia —
aoiai?noe/ieie ? aeaiie?aoe/ieie c?ooaiiyie a na?oiaeyae?, ?aeaieia??,
iaooe? oa eoeueoo??. Ine?eueee ia oeae /an iaia? iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a
yeeo ae aoa aeine?aeaeaiee ?icaeoie a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a, iinoaea
iaiao?aei?noue a ooi/iaii? nooiino?, ci?noo oa aecia/aii? iaaeaaia?/ieo
oiia ? oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo oe??? i?ioan?eii
aaaeeeai? aeanoeaino? o eo?naio?a i?ae /an ?o iaa/aiiy.

sse iieacaee ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co a?aeaoe?a i?i neoaeaiao ae?yeuei?noue
iieiaeeo io?oea??a ei?aeiio, an? aac aeiyoeo aeioneieee Aeaaeai?? IAO,
iniaeeai ia ii/aoeo neoaeae, caeo/ai? aei aaciina?aaeiuei?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, a aaaaoi c ieo (iaeaea 30% o 1995
?ioe?, a?eueoa i?ae 40% o 1996 ?ioe? oa iaeaea 65% o 1997 ?ioe?) ii/aee
naith neoaeao ia iinaaeao canooiiee?a ia/aeueiee?a canoaa, a?aeae?eaiue
i?eei?aeiiiiai eiio?ieth c aeoiaii? ?iaioe. C?inoaiiy iio?aae
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie o iieiaeeo a?enueeiaeo iaaeaaiaao
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aaaeeea?noue ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a o i?ioean? ?o noaiiaeaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, iaaeinoaoiy oai?aoe/ia ? iaoiaee/ia ?ic?iaeai?noue
i?iaeaie, iio?aae a?enueeiai? i?aeoeee, a oaeiae no/ani? ci?ie o
iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiaeao a?enueeiai? iaaeaaia?ee aei ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino? io?oea?a aecia/eee ? iaoiiaeee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy: “?icaeoie a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a”.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?th aeeiiaii ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoaii i?e ii?aoethaaii? IAe? ? 297-0068 E “Io?oea?e”.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?aeaioiaea io?oea?nueeeo eaae??a aeey
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee a Aeaaeai?? IAO.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a o i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aecia/aii? oa iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii?
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia ? oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ooi/ieoe nooi?noue ? ci?no a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
iniaenoino? io?oea?a.

2. Aeyaeoe iniiai? noia?a/iino? ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a i?ae /an iaa/aiiy o
aaoc?.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o eo?naio?a.

4. Aecia/eoe ? aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe iniiai? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae
oa oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a.

5. I?iaiae?coaaoe ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ?
?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aoaeoeai?noue ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a i?aeaeueoueny, yeui:

o ieo c?inoa caoe?eaaeai?noue i?ioeanii ? ?acoeueoaoii nai??
iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ia iniia? ona?aeiieaiiy iniaeno?niiai ?
nioe?aeueiiai cia/aiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o
neoaeaia?e ae?yeueiino? io?oea?a;

aeoea?co?oueny a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeaioiaea eo?naio?a i?ae /an
iaa/aiiy o aaoc?;

aoaea oaeineiiaeaia iaaeaaia?/ia iaenoa?i?noue aeeeaaea/?a oa io?oea??a
iaa/aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iieiaeaiiy i?i: no?oeoo?o
iniaenoino? ? caeiiii??iino? ?? oi?ioaaiiy; aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue
ineoieia?/eo aeanoeainoae ye aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a ? ciai?oi?o aieea?a ia
iniaeno?noue; nooo?ao ?ieue nioe?aeueieo oiia o oi?ioaaii? ? ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino? oiui.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ? ia?aa??ee a?iioace aoa
aeei?enoaiee eiiieaen aca?iiiia’ycaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy: aiae?c
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy; ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? io?oea?a; iaaeaaia?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy;
iieooaaiiy; aieaooaaiiy; aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iaa/aeueii? oa neoaeaiai?
ae?yeueiino?; ocaaaeueiaiiy iacaeaaeieo oa?aeoa?enoee; aiae?c a?aecea?a,
neoaeaiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee oa ?ioeo aeieoiaio?a; iaoiae aenia?oieo
ioe?iie; iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui:

— ooi/iai? nooi?noue ? ci?no a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
iniaenoino? io?oea?a;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o eo?naio?a;

— aecia/ai? iniiai? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae oa oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a;

— ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaenio i?ia?aio oaeineiiaeaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ??aiy
?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a oa cacia/aia eiiieaenia i?ia?aia aeaee ciiao
?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a, a aeeeaaea/ai,
eiiaiaee?ai iaa/aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a ? io?oea?ai aeoiaieo no?oeoo?
Aeaaeai?? IAO i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ?icaeoeo cacia/aii? aeanoeaino?
iniaenoino? oa ye?noue caaaeueii? a?enueeiai-i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?iaaaeaeai? aei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano Aeaaeai?? IAO,
A?enueeiaiai ?inoeoooo i?e aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? “Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea”, aeei?enoai? o iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e ?iaio? 297-0068 E
“Io?oea?e” Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo IAO. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? o aeueo a?enueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao
I?i?noa?noaa iai?iie Oe?a?ie, ?ioeo ca?ieieo oi?ioaaiue oa ia eo?nao
ia?ai?aeaioiaee ? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? io?oea?nueeeo eaae??a.

Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a oa iniiaieo aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe caaacia/oaaeanue e?eoe/iei aiae?cii e?oa?aoo?e c i?aaeiaoo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a,
aaeaeaaoieo iao? oa caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth
aea??ee, ?acoeueoaoaie iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee io?eiaieo aeaieo,
iiceoeaiith aeeiai?eith ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
o eo?naio?a i?ae /an aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iaaaaeai? a ?iaio? iaoeia? iaoa??aee ?
naiino?eiei aianeii aaoi?a o ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie, yea aeine?aeaeo?oueny.
O noaoo? “Iineeaiiy iioeaaoe?? iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a aei
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy o aaoc?”,
iioae?eiaai?e o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniaenoei aianeii aaoi?a ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
iineeaiiy iioeaaoe?? eo?naio?a aei a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
ye iaei??? c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?, ooi/iaiiy iniiaieo
ciai?oi?o oa aioo??oi?o /eiiee?a ? aecia/aiiy iaea?eueo i?eeiyoieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo oeyo?a noai?aiiy cacia/aii? oiiae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?ai? ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai
?icaeoeo aea?aeaae oa iniaenoino? (Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1998), noaaeai? ia
?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae? iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia?? ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aeenoeeie?i Aeaaeai?? IAO, ia can?aeaii?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?aaee Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee Oe?a?ie ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aei
caoenoo o niaoe?ae?ciaai?e a/ai?e ?aae? Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee
Oe?a?ie ?i. A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii aeaeai? /ioe?e
iaoeiaeo noaoo? o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a. ?oeiien
i?noeoue 222 noi??iee ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, c ieo 17 noi??iie caeia?
nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (207 iaeiaioaaiue), 28 noi??iie — 6
aeiaeaoe?a. ?ethno?aoeaiee iaoa??ae iiaeaiee o 25 oaaeeoeyo, 6 ?enoieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aecia/ai? ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao ? iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaia a?iioaco oa caaaeaiiy,
?ice?eoa iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy, aena?oeai? iaoeiaa
iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a,
iaaaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th aeena?oaoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ??
?acoeueoao?a o i?aeoeeo.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Iaa?oiooaaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? io?oea??a” i?iaiae?ciaaiee no/aniee noai i?iaeaie o
o?einionuee?e, nioe?ieia?/i?e oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??.
Ooi/iai? nooi?noue ? ci?no iiiyooy “a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia
ni?yiiaai?noue iniaenoino? io?oea?a”. I?iaiae?ciaaia ?iaioa
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai oa eiiaiaeii-aeoiaiiai neeaaeo Aeaaeai??
IAO uiaei ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a.

O iaaeaaia?/ieo oa ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aecia/aii, ui
ni?yiiaai?noue — oea no?eaeaiue, yae?i iniaenoino?, nenoaia i?ia?aeieo
iioea?a, ye? aecia/athoue ?? noaaeaiiy aei ae?eniino? (E. ?. Aiaeiae/,
I. I. Eaiioue?a, N. E. ?oa?iooaei); aiia ae?aaea?oueny a iio?aaao,
?ioa?anao, ?aeaaeao, ia?aeiiaiiyo, na?oiaeyae? (A. A. Aiaiue?a, A. I.
AEo?aaeueiaa, I. A. Eocuei?ia, A. I. Neanoueii?i); ni?yiiaai?noue ?
?acoeueoaoii aca?iiae?? ciai?oi?o aieea?a oa aioo??oi?o oiia ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino? (E. N. Aeaionueeee, I. I. Eaiioue?a, A. I. Naie/aiei, I. ?.
Ua?aaeia); ? iaei??th c iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee iniaenoino?, i?ia?aeiith,
ae??oaeueiith eaieith, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ethaeei? iiaioaaoe iaaiei
aeaeii ae?yeueiino? (I. I. Aioeeai?, TH. E. Aaaainueeee, I. A. Eocuei?ia
oa ?io?).

?icaeyaeath/e ni?yiiaai?noue iniaenoino? io?oea?a-a?enueeiaiai iaaeaaiaa
ye iniaenoo oe?eani?yiiaai?noue uiaei oi?ioaaiiy o naaa yeinoae a/eoaey
? aeoiaaoaey (I. I. Aeai/aiei), ye iaeaaaeeea?oo neeaaeiao iaaeaaia?/ii?
eoeueoo?e, ui ? nenoaiith oe?eae ? ianoaiia, i?aaiaiue oa aiioe?eieo
?aaeoe?e, ?aeaae?a ? ia?aeiiaiue, ye? ae?aaeathoue noaaeaiiy aei
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa aecia/iei /eiii aieeaathoue ia ?? ci?no ?
?acoeueoaoe (I. A. Aa?aaaiueeia, N. N. Iooeeiia), ye
a?enueeiai-i?ioan?eio ni?yiiaai?noue, ui aeyaey?oueny a oe?eyo,
iio?aaao, ?ioa?anao, iaoeeao, ?aeaaeao, na?oiaeyae? io?oea?a (A. ?.
Aaeiathe), ye aioo??oiuei ocaiaeaeaio nenoaio iio?aa, iioea?a,
oe?eae oa ianoaiia uiaei aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue aeoiaii? ?iaioe (I.
?. Ieaenaiae?ia), ye aeeaiei iioeaiaaia i?aaiaiiy aei ae?yeueiino? uiaei
i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe, iio?aae ? na?oiaeyae, i?ae
aieeaii yeeo oi?io?oueny i?ioan?eia ia?aeiiai?noue, oiaoi aeeaiei
iaa?oioiaaia aiaaiai?noue o aenie?e noni?euei?e oa iniaeno?ni?e
cia/ouino? i?ioan?? io?oea?a, nai?? i?eaeaoiino? aei ia? (E. O.
AEae?ciye), a?enueeia? iaaeaaiae ? ineoieiae ?iaeyoue aeniiaie i?i oa,
ui ni?yiiaai?noue iaoiiaeth? oa i???ioo? aoaeue-yeo ae?yeuei?noue
io?oea?a.

Aea/aiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue A. I. Aaeaoiaa,
Ae. A. ?uaiea, TH. A. Eoae?iiaa, I. Ae. Nao?ia, TH. ?. Na?aethea oa
?ioeo aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ae?yeuei?noue
io?oea?a-i?eei?aeiiieea i?ioyaii on??? neoaeae ni?yiiaaia ia iaa/aiiy ?
aeoiaaiiy i?aeeaaeeo. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth i?e oeueiio ? aeeiiaiiy
io?oea?ii neoaeaiaeo iaia’yce?a a oiiaao ie?aiiai ?icoaooaaiiy /anoeie,
i?ae?icae?eo, ui iio?aao? a?ae iueiai i?aeaeuaii? naiino?eiino?,
iniaenoi? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ioi?iio aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio.

O i?iaiae?ciaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??
aeyaeaii ??ci? aniaeoe ?icoi?iiy i?iaeaie i?ioan?eii?,
a?enueeiai-i?ioan?eii? oa iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? iniaenoino?,
iaeiae nooiino? ni?yiiaaiino? iniaenoino? io?oea?a ye iaaeaaiaa, ia
aeoieo aaoi?a, iaea?eueo iiaii a?aeiia?aea? oa?i?i
“a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ni?yiiaai?noue”. Iaiao?aei?noue aoiai?caoe?? oa
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? ina?oe a no/ani?e Oe?a?i? aenoaa? iia? aeiiae aei
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a, ui iio?aao? ooi/iaiiy nooiino? oa ci?noo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?. A aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia
ni?yiiaai?noue iniaenoino? io?oea?a ? noeoii?noth no?eeeo
aca?iiiia’ycaieo, aca?iiiaoiiaeaieo ? aca?ii?icaeaath/eo iioea?a eiai
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? (?ioa?ano, noeeueiino?, ?aeaae?a,
ia?aeiiaiue, aoiai?noe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo), ye? aeeeeeai? aioo??oiueith
iio?aaith ? niiioeathoue aei a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
na?ae/aoue, ui na?aae oaeoi??a, ye? nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie
cacia/aii? aeanoeaino?, i?ia?aeia ?ieue iaeaaeeoue iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e
ae?yeueiino? aeeeaaea/?a oa io?oea??a iaa/aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a aaoco.

I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii aoee aecia/ai? iniiai? noia?a/iino?
?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a
i?ae /an iaa/aiiy a Aeaaeai?? IAO: i?ae aaaeaiiyi eo?naio?a noaoe
io?oea?aie-i?eei?aeiiieeaie oa ?oiueith iaaeinoaoiueith aioo??oiueith
aioiai?noth aei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?; i?ae no/anieie
aeiiaaie aei a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeioneiee?a aaoco
oa iaiaaeai?noth aiaeei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe uiaei
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a; i?ae aeiiaaie aei ??aiy ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o eo?naio?a ? noaiii ?aaeueii?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? aeeeaaea/?a ? io?oea??a iaa/aeueieo
i?ae?icae?e?a o oeueiio iai?yieo. Cacia/ai? i?ioe??//y na?ae/aoue i?i
iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a i?ae /an iaa/aiiy o aaoc?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Iniiai? oiiae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a” ?icaeyaeathoueny oiiae oa oeyoe
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? aeeeaaea/?a oa io?oea??a i?ae?icae?e?a
eo?naio?a Aeaaeai?? IAO uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy ?icaeoeo cacia/aii?
aeanoeaino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a i?ae /an iaa/aiiy.

Iaeaaaeeea?oith iaaeaaia?/iith oiiaith aecia/aii iineeaiiy iioeaaoe??
eo?naio?a aei a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ui ? eiiieaenii
ni?eueieo ? ocaiaeaeaieo iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caoiae?a oa ae?e,
ni?yiiaaieo ia caaacia/aiiy iiceoeaiiai aieeao ia na?aeii?noue, aieth ?
ii/oooy eo?naio?a c iaoith ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iio?aa,
?ioa?ano, noeeueiino?, ?aeaae?a, ia?aeiiaiue ? ni?eyiiy ?oiueiio
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiio naiiaaeineiiaeaiith.

Iniiaieie iai?yiaie aeoea?caoe?? a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a i?ae /an iaa/aiiy aaoi?ii
aecia/aii: 1) ?icaeoie a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy a nenoai?
“aeeeaaea/ (io?oea? i?ae?icae?eo) — eo?naio” (ye iaei??? c oi?i
iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao ia iniaeno?noue eo?naioa c iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy
eiioi?eaoeaieo cae?aiinoae ? oi?iue, noai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeey
?aae?caoe?? ooieoe?e a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? /a?ac
ni?eeoaaiiy, a oaeiae ?icaeoeo aiioe?eii? oa iioeaaoe?eii? noa?
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a ye iaaeaaia?a); 2) aeoea?caoe?th naiino?eiino?
eo?naio?a i?ae /an ae??oaiiy ieie ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo caaaeaiue
(/a?ac ?aoaeueio i?aeaioiaeo ci?noo ? cania?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino? aeeeaaea/?a oa eiiaiaeii-aeoiaiiai neeaaeo, niiioeaiiy
eo?naio?a aei naiiaeoea?caoe?? o a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?,
eiio?iethaaiiy oa ei?eaoaaiiy cacia/aiiai i?ioeano).

Aaaeeeaith iaaeaaia?/iith oiiaith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o eo?naio?a oaeiae ?
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? aeeeaaea/?a oa io?oea??a
iaa/aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i
iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? cia/ii?
e?eueeino? i?aaenoaaiee?a cacia/aii? eaoaai???. Iniiaiei oeyoii
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? iaaeaaia?a o aaoc? aoei
aecia/aii nenoaiaoe/ia ? oe?eani?yiiaaia a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy. Nooo?aa cia/aiiy aeey caaacia/aiiy ye?nii?
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a ia? ?aoaeueiee i?aea??
eaae??a ia iinaaee aeeeaaea/?a oa io?oea??a iaa/aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a.

Aeey noai?aiiy cacia/aieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaoi?ii ooi/iai? oa iaa?oioiaai? iaea?eueo i?eeiyoi? iaaeaaia?/i? oeyoe:
i?ina?oieoeueei-i???ioiaia ?iaioa c eo?naioaie iieiaeoeo eo?n?a ye c
iaeaooi?ie a?enueeiaeie iaaeaaiaaie; nenoaiaoe/ia, oe?eani?yiiaaia
caeo/aiiy iaeaooi?o io?oea??a aei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe;
?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa c eo?naioaie o a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiio
iai?yieo; ?aaoey?ia ae?aaiinoeea ?acoeueoao?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino? ? aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a c ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei iaaiai?aiiyi
iaaeie?e?a; oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy a nenoai?
“aeeeaaea/ (io?oea? i?ae?icae?eo) — eo?naio”; iiaeeaeaiiy
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo oa ineoieia?/ieo ciaiue iaeaooi?o io?oea??a,
aeeeaaea/?a, eiiaiaee??a ? aeoiaaoae?a, niiioeaiiy ?o aei
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy.

Aeey aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee ae??aino? cacia/aieo oiia oa oeyo?a
aaoi?ii aoei ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ??aiy
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o eo?naio?a ? eiiieaenio i?ia?aio
oaeineiiaeaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a, iniiaieie aeaiaioaie yei? ?:
aenia?eiaioaeueiee eo?n “Iniiae iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino?
io?oea?a-i?eei?aeiiieea”, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeeeaaea/ai oa io?oea?ai
iaa/aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a, a oaeiae — eo?n “Iniiae
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? io?oea?a-i?eei?aeiiieea”.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo oiia
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a” aecia/ai? e?eoa???, iieacieee oa
??ai? ?icaeoeo oe??? i?ioan?eii aaaeeeai? aeanoeaino? iniaenoino?
io?oea?a ei?aeiio, ?ice?eoa nooi?noue i?ioeano i?aai?caoe??
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa eiai ?acoeueoaoe.

Iaoiaeii aenia?oieo ioe?iie aoee aecia/ai? iniiai? e?eoa??? oa iieacieee
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a: a) ca
i???ioiaii-niiioeaeueiei e?eoa???i: i?aaiaiiy iiaioaaoe
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieie ciaiiyie, oi?iiyie, iaae/eaie; iaiaaaiiy
i?iaiae?coaaoe ? ia?aeiyoe ia?aaeiaee iaaeaaia?/iee aeina?ae
eiiaiaee??a, aeeeaaea/?a; naiino?eia ?iaioa uiaei ?icaeoeo nai?o
iaaeaaia?/ieo cae?aiinoae; i???ioaoe?y ia i?ioan?eio
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/io ae?yeuei?noue o iaeaooiueiio; a) ca
iiaaae?ieiai-ae?yeuei?niei e?eoa???i: ?aoaeueia i?aeaioiaea aei
i?iaaaeaiiy caoiae?a aeoiaii? ?iaioe, caiyoue c iaoiaee/ii? i?aeaioiaee;
iaiieaaeea?noue o aeinyaiaii? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo oe?eae; i?iya
aeoeaiino? o iiooeo niinia?a ae??oaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo
caaaeaiue; i?aaiaiiy iiae?eeoeny aeaniei aeina?aeii c ioi/oth/eie;
iaiaaaiiy ii?aeiaoe aeiiaeea?noue c iiaaaith aei i?aeeaaeeo; a) ca
iioaioe?eii-ia?niaeoeaiei e?eoa???i: i?iya ii/oooy ni?aaaaeeeaino?,
oaeoiaiino?, a?aeaa?oino?, /aniino?, aoiaiiino?; ia’?eoeaia ioe?iea
nai?? a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?; noeeuei?noue aei
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ?iaioe; i?iya iaaeaaia?/iiai ieneaiiy; iaiaaaiiy
canoinoaaoe aeaniee oeyo ae??oaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai caaaeaiiy.

Aeey e?euee?nii? ioe?iee aeyaeaiiy iieaciee?a a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? canoiniaaii i’yoeaaeueio oeaeo: “5” — iciaee iieacieea o
eo?naioa aeyaeythoueny iino?eii, a on?o aeaeao iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?, i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny aeeaieeie ciaiiyie nooiino?
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo yaeu; “4” — iciaee iieacieea aeyaeythoueny
iaeaea caaaeaee, o a?eueoino? aeae?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?;
“3” — iciaee iieacieea aeyaeythoueny ia??iaee/ii; “2” — iciaee iieacieea
aeyaeythoueny ??aeei; “1” — iciaee iieacieea ia aeyaeythoueny.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e cacia/ai? iieacieee oa e?euee?niee ?yae ioe?iie, i?ae
/an aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aecia/ai? ??ai? ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? eo?naio?a. I?ae ??aiai ?icaeoeo
oe??? aeanoeaino? aaoi? ?icoi?? i??o ?icaeiooino? iaeaaaeeea?oeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iieaciee?a. A?aeiia?aeii aei ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoiaeeee, eiaeiiai eo?naioa ioe?ithaaee aenia?oe, a oaeiae a?aeany aei
oaaae eiai naiiioe?iea. Ia i?aenoaa? ona?aaeiaii? ioe?iee ca an?ia
iieacieeaie aoa aecia/aiee ??aaiue a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? (AIN)

Na?aaeiy ioe?iea??aaiue ?icaeoeo AIN3,51 5,00AENIEEE2,50
3,50NA?AAeI?E1,00 2,49IECUeEEEAeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai? eiinoaooth/ee ?
oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe, cae?eniaia iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a. A aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ?iaio? aoee caae?yi? 4
aenia?eiaioaeuei? ? 4 eiio?ieuei? a?oie (caaaeueiith e?euee?noth 122 ?
134 eo?naioe a?aeiia?aeii). Iniiaieie iciaeaie aeey ?o aeiai?o noaee: 1)
i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaee ??aaiue caaaeueiiina?oiuei? i?aeaioiaee (ca
na?aaei?i aaeii aoanoaoo); 2) iaeiaeiaee na?aaei?e a?e; 3) i?eaeecii
iaeiaeiaee ??aaiue oni?oiino? eo?naio?a; 4) ?aeei? i?aai?caoe?ei? oiiae
iaa/aiiy (iaa/aeuei? i?ia?aie, ieaie); 5) ?aeeia ea??aieoeoai
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiith oa neoaeaiaith ae?yeuei?noth eo?naio?a (aeeeaaea/?
i?ia?aeieo eaoaae?, eiiaiaeoaaiiy oaeoeueoaoo, aeea?c?iio).

Ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ca aeiiiiiaith cacia/aii? iaoiaeeee
o eo?naio?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi aoee aecia/ai?
ii/aoeia? ??ai? ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?.
Aenia?oaie aoee: i?ia?aei? aeeeaaea/? eaoaae? iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia??,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aeenoeeie?i, oaeoeee i?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee,
caaaeueii? oaeoeee, canooiiee eiiaiaee?a aeea?c?iio c aeoiaii? ?iaioe ?
ia/aeueieee canoaa. A?aeany aei oaaae ? naiiioe?iea eo?naio?a.
?acoeueoaoe ii/aoeiaiai cai??o a?aeia?aaeai? o oaae.2.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ii??aiyeuei? ?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo

a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? (AIN) o eo?naio?a (o %)

??aaiue ?icaeoeo AIN

E?euee?noue eo?naio?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi

E?euee?noue eo?naio?a

eiio?ieueieo a?oi1 a?.2 a?.3 a?.4 a?.O

na?aae.5 a?.6 a?.7 a?.8 a?.O

na?aae.Aenieee0000000000Na?aaei?e1726344029,31827325332,5Iecueeee8374666
070,78273684767,5sse aeaeii c oaae. 2, eo?naioe aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa
eiio?ieueieo a?oi iathoue i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaee ii/aoeiaee na?aaei?e
??aaiue ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?, ui caaacia/eei
/enoioo oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo ? ia’?eoeai?noue aeniiae?a i?e
ii??aiyii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

C aenia?eiaioaeueieie a?oiaie aoee i?iaaaeai? caoiaee a?aeiia?aeii aei
?ic?iaeaii? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie oaeineiiaeaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a. Iniiaiei ci?noii oe???
i?ia?aie ? eiiieaen caoiae?a iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia
iineeaiiy iioeaaoe?? eo?naio?a aei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?,
aeoea?caoe?th ?oiuei? i?aeaioiaee ye iaeaooi?o a?enueeiaeo iaaeaaia?a,
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? aeeeaaea/?a oa io?oea??a
i?ae?icae?e?a.

Ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae iai?ee?ioe?
eiaeiiai c o?ueio aoai?a oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo (?-e aoai — 2-3
naiano?e iaa/aiiy eo?naio?a, ??-e aoai — 4-5 naiano?e, ???-e aoai — 6-7
naiano?e) aoee aecia/ai? ??ai? ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o eo?naio?a a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oiao.
Caaaeuei? na?aaei? ioe?iee aoee ooi/iai? ca aeiiiiiaith aeaieo,
io?eiaieo i?ae /an aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?, iieooaaiue, aan?ae, iaaiai?aiue oeeo ?acoeueoao?a c
aenia?oaie. Aeai? on?o cai???a a?aeia?aaeai? o oaae. 3.

Oaaeeoey 3

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo

a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? (AIN) o eo?naio?a (o %)

Cai??eA?oie??ai??icaeoeo
AINaenieeena?aaei?eiecueeee1Aenia?eiaioaeuei?029,370,7Eiio?ieuei?032,567
,52Aenia?eiaioaeuei?7,432,060,6Eiio?ieuei?8,236,655,23Aenia?eiaioaeuei?1
4,743,342,0Eiio?ieuei?11,941,846,34Aenia?eiaioaeuei?25,455,718,9Eiio?ieu
ei?17,244,238,6I?e??noAenia?eiaioaeuei?+25,4+26,4-51,8Eiio?ieuei?+17,2+1
1,7-28,9Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
na?ae/eoue i?i aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?? oeyo?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a a Aeaaeai?? IAO (oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4

I?aenoieia? ii??aiyeuei? ?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy ??aiy

a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? (AIN) o eo?naio?a (o %)

??aaiue ?icaeoeo

AINAeai?

aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi ( A )Aeai?

eiio?ieueieo

a?oi ( E ) ??cieoey io?eiaieo

aeaieo ( A — E )

Aoaeoeai?noueAenieee0 / 25,40 / 17,20 / + 8,28,2Na?aaei?e29,3 / 55,732,5
/ 44,2- 3,2 / + 11,58,3Iecueeee70,7 / 18,967,5 / 38,6+ 3,2 / —
19,716,5I?ei?oee: o /enaeueieeo ?acoeueoaoe aeo?aeiiai cai??o,

o ciaiaiieeo — i?aenoieiaiai cai??o

I?ae /an aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea i?iaiae?ciaaia
aeeiai?ea ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o eo?naio?a
(aeea. oaae. 3). sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe?, nooo?a? iiceoeai? ci?ie a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao a?aeaoaathoueny eeoa ia ae?oaiio aoai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oiio aeioe?eueii aeoea?coaaoe iaaeaaia?/i? aieeae ia
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a o iai?yieo oaeineiiaeaiiy ?o
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ii/eiath/e aaea c 2-ai eo?no
iaa/aiiy.

I?i aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? a aeena?oaoe?? i?ia?aie oaeineiiaeaiiy
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a na?ae/aoue
oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co caaaeueii? oni?oiino? eo?naio?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiia?aeieie aeaieie o
eiio?ieueieo a?oiao. O na?aaeiueiio ia 33 % caaaeueia oni?oi?noue a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao aoea aeuith, i?ae o eiio?ieueieo.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a i?ae /an iaa/aiiy. Ci?no ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
?ice?eoee a aeena?oaoe??.

AENIIAEE

1. A?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ni?yiiaai?noue io?oea?a-i?eei?aeiiieea ?
i?ioan?eii iaiao?aeiith, nioe?aeueii iaoiiaeaiith aeanoea?noth
iniaenoino?, iaeaaaeeea?oei aeaiaioii iaaeaaia?/ii? oa i?ioan?eii?
eoeueoo?e, yeee iaiao?aeii ? iiaeeeai ?icaeaaoe o eo?naio?a i?ae /an
iaa/aiiy o aaoc?. ?icaeoie a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a ? i?ioeanii ni?eueii? oe?eani?yiiaaii?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? eo?naio?a oa ?o iaaeaaia?/iiai
ioi/aiiy, a ia?oo /a?ao — aeeeaaea/?a aaoco, eiiaiaee??a oa aeoiaaoae?a
iaa/aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a, a ?acoeueoao? yei? o eo?naio?a iineeth?oueny
iioeaaoe?eia noa?a a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Iniiaieie
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieie oaeoi?aie, ui aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue
oeueiai i?ioeano, ?: iaa/aeueii-aeoiaia ae?yeuei?noue aeeeaaea/?a
aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i (caaaeueii? oa a?enueeiai? iaaeaaia?ee ?
ineoieia??, iaoiaeeee aeoiaii? ?iaioe), a?enueeiaeo aeenoeeie?i (oaeoeee
i?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee, caaaeueii? oaeoeee), caaaeueiia?enueeiaeo
aeenoeeie?i (caaaeueiia?enueeiaeo noaooo?a, no?ieiai? i?aeaioiaee);
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaia ae?yeuei?noue io?oea??a iaa/aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a
uiaei a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee eo?naio?a; iayai?noue o
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a i?aaiaiiy aei naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy naaa ye
a?enueeiaeo iaaeaaia?a.

2. ?oo?eieie neeaie ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a ei?aeiio ? ?icaycaiiy noia?a/iinoae: a) i?ae
no/anieie aeiiaaie i?eei?aeiiii? neoaeae aei a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeioneiee?a Aeaaeai?? IAO ? ianyaii aiaeei
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe, yeee aeae?ey?oueny iaa/aeueieie i?ia?aiaie ?
ieaiaie aeoiaii? ?iaioe aeey ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo yeinoae o
eo?naio?a; a) i?ae aeiiaaie aei ??aiy ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a ? noaiii ?aaeueii?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? aeeeaaea/?a oa io?oea??a iaa/aeueieo
i?ae?icae?e?a uiaei ?icaeoeo oe??? aeanoeaino? o eo?naio?a; a)
i?ae aaaeaiiyi eo?naio?a noaoe aenieieaae?o?eiaaieie
io?oea?aie-i?eei?aeiiieeaie ? iaai?iiyi aeieaoe o?oaeiiu?
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o.

3. ?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a, eiiieaenia
i?ia?aia ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy ?oiuei?
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue ?icaeoeo cacia/aii? aeanoeaino? iniaenoino? io?oea?a,
ni?eythoue ye?ni?e i?aeaioiaoe? aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo io?oea?nueeeo
eaae??a aeey I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

4. Iaiao?aeieie iaaeaaia?/ieie oiiaaie ?icaycaiiy cacia/aieo i?ioe??/
oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? o iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a ?: iineeaiiy
iioeaaoe?? eo?naio?a aei a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?,
aeoea?caoe?y ?oiuei? a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee, a oaeiae —
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino? aeeeaaea/?a ? io?oea??a
iaa/aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a.

5. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeeee
aenoiooo a?iioaco, aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a ? iiaeooue ni?eyoe iiaeaeueoei aeine?aeaeaiiyi
ca oaeeie iai?yieaie, ye ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ioe?iee ??aiy iaaeaaia?/ii?
eoeueoo?e io?oea??a-aeeeaaea/?a, io?oea??a-eiiaiaee??a oa aeoiaaoae?a,
iniaeeaino? a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? io?oea??a-ae?iie,
iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo yeinoae o eo?naio?a
?iicaiieo aea?aeaa i?ae /an iaa/aiiy a Aeaaeai?? IAO oiui.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Ii?icia N. I. No?oeoo?a a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
io?oea?a-i?eei?aeiiieea // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. —
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO, 1996. — ? 2, *. ???. — N. 87-90.

2. Ii?icia N. I. Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe aoiai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy //
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO, 1997. — ? 5,
*. ??. — N. 128-130.

3. Ii?icia N. I. Iineeaiiy iioeaaoe?? iaeaooi?o
io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a aei a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy o aaoc? (o ni?aaaoi?noa? c ?eaaeii I. ?.) // Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO, 1998. — ? 7, *. ??. —
N. 165-170.

4. Ii?icia N. I. Iieacieee a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. —
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO, 1998. — ? 7, *. ??. — N. 171-175.

AIIOAOe??

Ii?icia N. I. ?icaeoie a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? o
iaeaooi?o io?oea??a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 20.02.02 — “A?enueeiaa iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y” —
Aeaaeai?y I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai,
Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? ye iaeaaaeeea?oi? i?ioan?eii? aeanoeaino? iniaenoino?
io?oea?a-i?eei?aeiiieea. I?iaaaeaiee ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aiae?c
i?iaeaie, iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae ? oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo cacia/aii? aeanoeaino? o eo?naio?a. Aaoi?ii
?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia i?ia?aia oaeineiiaeaiiy a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o io?oea??a oa iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?, aoaeoeai?noue yeeo iaa?oioiaaia
oai?aoe/ii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/ii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? iiceoeaii aieeaa?
ia caaaeueio oni?oi?noue eo?naio?a, noai?th? ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey
aoaeoeaiiai ae??oaiiy iia?aoeaii-neoaeaiaeo caaaeaiue ia aea?aeaaiiio
ei?aeii?. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? Aeaaeai?? IAO.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?icaeoie, a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ni?yiiaai?noue,
a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeaioiaea.

Iirozov S. N. Development of the military and pedagogical tendency of
the future borderguard officers. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidates degree on speciality 20.02.02 — “Military
Pedagogics and Psychology” — Khmelnitsky Borderguard Academy,
Khmelnitsky, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the questions of the development of the
military and pedagogical tendency as the most important professional
quality of the borderguard officer personality. There was conducted
psycho-pedagogical analysys of the problem, grounded the main
pedagogical conditions and ways of raising up the efficiency of the
mentioned quality development at the cadets. The author has worked out
the complex program of the improvement of the future officers military
and pedagogical preparation, and the determination the method of the
military and pedagogical tendency development level, which efficiency is
grounded theoretically and confirmed practically. It was found out, that
raising of the military and pedagogical direction development level
positively influences the total results of the cadets, creates
favourable conditions for performing their service duties on the state
border. The main results of the research work are widely adopted in
teaching and educational process of the Borderguard Academy.

Key words: development, military and pedagogical tendency, military and
pedagogical preparation.

Ii?icia N. I. ?acaeoea aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iai?aaeaiiinoe o aoaeoueo
ioeoea?ia-iia?aie/ieeia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 20.02.02 — “Aiaiiay iaaeaaiaeea e ineoieiaey” —
Aeaaeaiey Iia?aie/iuo aiene Oe?aeiu ei. A. Oiaeueieoeeiai,
Oiaeueieoeeee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?acaeoey aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie
iai?aaeaiiinoe eae aaaeiaeoaai i?ioanneiiaeueiiai naienoaa ee/iinoe
ioeoea?a-iia?aie/ieea. I?iaaaeai ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneee aiaeec
i?iaeaiu, iainiiaaiu iniiaiua iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey e iooe iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe ?acaeoey oeacaiiiai naienoaa o eo?naioia. Aaoi?ii
?ac?aaioaiu eiiieaeniay i?ia?aiia oniaa?oainoaiaaiey
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee aoaeoueo ioeoea?ia e iaoiaeeea
ii?aaeaeaiey o?iaiy ?acaeoey aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iai?aaeaiiinoe,
yooaeoeaiinoue eioi?uo iainiiaaia oai?aoe/anee e iiaeoaa?aeaeaia
i?aeoe/anee. Iniiaiuie yeaiaioaie eiiieaeniie i?ia?aiiu yaeythony:
yenia?eiaioaeueiue eo?n “Iniiau iaaeaaiae/aneiai ianoa?noaa
ioeoea?a-iia?aie/ieea” (aeey eo?naioia); ?aeiiaiaeaoeee i?aiiaeaaaoaeyi
e ioeoea?ai eo?naioneeo iiae?acaeaeaiee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee aoaeoueo ioeoea?ia-iia?aie/ieeia;
eo?n “Iniiau aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe
ioeoea?a-iia?aie/ieea” (aeey ioeoea?ia o/aaiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee). N
iiiiuueth ?ac?aaioaiiie a aeenna?oaoeee iaoiaeeee ii?aaeaeaiey o?iaiy
?acaeoey aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iai?aaeaiiinoe inouanoaeyeny aaeeiue
iiaeoiae yenia?oia e ioeaiea ?acaeoey oeacaiiiai naienoaa a oiaea
yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey.

Aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneay iai?aaeaiiinoue ioeoea?a i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
niaieoiiinoue onoie/eauo acaeiinaycaiiuo, acaeiiiaoneiaeaiiuo e
acaeii?acaeaathueo iioeaia aai aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe
(eioa?ana, neeiiiinoe, eaeaaeia, oaaaeaeaiee, aoiaienoe/aneiai
ie?iaicc?aiey), aucaaiiuo aioo?aiiae iio?aaiinoueth e iiaoaeaeathueo e
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneiio naiiniaa?oainoaiaaieth.

?acaeoea oeacaiiiai i?ioanneiiaeueii aaaeiiai naienoaa ee/iinoe
ioeoea?a-iia?aie/ieea o eo?naioia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie i?ioeann
niaianoiie oeaeaiai?aaeaiiie o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe naieo
iao/aaiuo e eo iaaeaaiae/aneiai ie?oaeaiey, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue —
i?aiiaeaaaoaeae aaoca e ioeoea?ia o/aaiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee. A ?acoeueoaoa
yoie ?aaiou o eo?naioia oneeeaaaony iioeaaoeeiiiay noa?a
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Iniiaiuie iaaeaaiae/aneeie oneiaeyie iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?acaeoey
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iai?aaeaiiinoe o aoaeoueo ioeoea?ia-iia?aie/ieeia
a oiaea enneaaeiaaiey auyaeaiu: oneeaiea iioeaaoeee eo?naioia e
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, aeoeaecaoeey eo
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee e oniaa?oainoaiaaiea iaaeaaiae/aneiai
ianoa?noaa i?aiiaeaaaoaeae e ioeoea?ia o/aaiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee.
?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeee auyaeoue yooaeoeaiua iooe nicaeaiey
oeacaiiuo oneiaee: i?inaaoeoaeueii-i?eaioe?iai/iay ?aaioa n eo?naioaie
ieaaeoeo eo?nia eae n aoaeoueie iaaeaaiaaie; nenoaiaoe/aneia
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiia i?eaea/aiea eo?naioia e o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaioa;
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay ainieoaoaeueiay ?aaioa n eo?naioaie a
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneii iai?aaeaiee; ?aaoey?iay aeeaaiinoeea ?acoeueoaoia
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe e o?iaiy ?acaeoey
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie iai?aaeaiiinoe aoaeoueo ioeoea?ia n
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui ianoaeaeaieai iaaeinoaoeia; ?acaeoea iaaeaaiae/aneiai
iauaiey a nenoaia “i?aiiaeaaaoaeue (ioeoea? iiae?acaeaeaiey) — eo?naio”;
oaeoaeaiea aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo e ineoieiae/aneeo ciaiee eo?naioia,
i?aiiaeaaaoaeae e ioeoea?ia o/aaiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee, iiaoaeaeaiea eo e
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneiio naiiniaa?oainoaiaaieth.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iiauoaiea o?iaiy ?acaeoey aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneie
iai?aaeaiiinoe iieiaeeoaeueii aeeyao ia iauoth oniaaaaiinoue eo?naioia,
nicaeaao aeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey aeey yooaeoeaiiai auiieiaiey
iia?aoeaii-neoaeaaiuo caaea/ ia ainoaea?noaaiiie a?aieoea. Iniiaiua
?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey eniieueciaaiu a o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiii
i?ioeanna Aeaaeaiee IAO.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?acaeoea, aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneay iai?aaeaiiinoue,
aiaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneay iiaeaioiaea.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 15.03.99. Oiia. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? 186.

Aeaeaaieoeoai Aeaaeai?? IAO.

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