Розвиток страхового ринку в сільському господарстві: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / А.В. Криворучко, Ін-т аграр. економіки УААН. — К., 1999. — 21

6

?INOEOOO AA?A?II? AEIIII?EE

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

E?EAI?O*EI Aianoan?y A?eoi??aia

OAeE 368.5+361.1+368.04

?ICAEOIE

NO?AOIAIAI ?EIEO A

N?EUeNUeEIIO AINIIAeA?NOA?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.04.01 — O?iaine, a?ioiaee ia?a ? e?aaeeo

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? o?iain?a, iae?eo ? aoaeeoo ?inoeoooo
aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

A?OOEI A?eoi?
?aaiiae/

Iaoe?iiaeueiee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai?

Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea,i?ioani? ea-

oaae?e o?iain?a ,
a?ioiaiai ia?ao

oa e?aaeeoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,i?ioani?

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee
aeiiii?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
o?iain?a

i?aei?e?inoa ? no?aoiai? ni?aae

INAAeAOeUe Naiai Noaiaiiae/;

Eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?iain?a ?
e?aaeeoo

IOOssO?IA Aeea Einoyioei?aia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 16 ethoiai 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.350.01 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe a ?inoeooo?
aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI ca aae?anith: 252127, i.Ee?a, aoe Aa?i?a
Iai?iie, 10, eiioa?aioe-cae, 3-e iiaa?o.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee OAAI.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 5 “ n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani?
IAE?E. I.E.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? oiaa?iae?iaieee ciooai? i?aoethaaoe a
oiiaao iino?eiiai o?iainiaiai ?eceeo oa aaeeei? eiia??iino? aaie?oonoaa.
sseui ae aeiaeaoe aei oeueiai ua e ia??iaee/io ae?th noeo?eiiai eeoa
(ceeae, caoiieaiiy ? i?aeoiieaiiy, a?aaeia?e, ao?? oiui) oa ??cieo
iiae?e oaoiieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei iaaeiai?o
i?iaeoeoe?? ? caeoe?a, iinoa? ieoaiiy ia o?eueee i?i no?aooaaiiy iaeia ?
o?iainiaeo ?ecee?a, a e oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? no?aoiai?
ae?yeueiino? oa aeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo a aa?a?i?e noa??.

O?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? ? i?aai?caoe?ei? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo
a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? caeeoathoueny iaeiaeine?aeaeaieie ? neaai
aena?oeaieie a niaoe?aeuei?e e?oa?aoo??. Oiio ?iai/a a?iioaca
aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a ii i?iaeai? aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui oi?ioaaiiy
no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia c
oi?ioaaiiyi ? ?icaeoeii iaoe?iiaeueiiai no?aoiaiai ?eieo, c i?iaaaeaiiyi
aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie oa ci?iith oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? caiaeueieo a?aeiinei
ia nae?, oaeineiiaeaiiyi caeiiiaeaa/i? aace no?aooaaiiy, iaiao?aei?noth
cia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai noaio aea?aeaae ? AIE
cie?aia, a oaeiae ?icoe?aiiyi iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o c ?icaeoeo
no?aoiai? ni?aae. Ana oea ? iaoiiaeei aea?? ? aeooaeuei?noue oaie,
no?oeoo?io iiaoaeiao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. Ii oai?aoe/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeaiao
oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo ? oi?aae?iiy no?aoiaith
ae?yeuei?noth a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? eiie?aoi? ioae?eaoe??. Oiio aaoi?
?icaeyaea? ieoaiiy oai??? ? i?aai?caoe?? aaaeaiiy no?aoiai? ni?aae ca
??ci? ia??iaee ?icaeoeo iaoi? aea?aeaae, ye? iathoue a?aeiioaiiy aei
i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo oa aecia/aiiy iai?yi?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ie?aieo
ioae?eaoe?yo. Oea ia?o ca ana iaoeia? i?aoe? c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo ?
iniaeeainoae no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
E.?.?aeoiaia, N.N.Inaaeoey, A.?.A?ooea, I.ss.Aeai’yiaiea, I.O.Naaeoea,
TH.N.Eiaaeaiea, A.A.Eieii?ia, Ae.A.Iieicaiea, I.E.Oa?iaiueiaa,
N.A.Iaa?ioeueeiai, E.E.sseoiaiea oa ?ioeo.

Iaeiaena?oeaieie noiniaii ?eieiaeo aeiia aei ?icaeoeo no?aooaaiiy
caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai a?ciano ? no?oeoo?
?aa?iiaeueieo no?aoiaeo ?eie?a, aoaeoeaiino? no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino?,
o?iainiai? no?eeino? ? ieaoini?iiiaeiino? no?aoiaeo i?aai?caoe?e,
i?iaeaie ia?eaoeiao ? ?ecee-iaiaaeaeiaioo a no?aooaaii?, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo oa i?aeaioiaee eaae??a aeey no?aoiai?
ni?aae. Ii ie?aieo c oeeo ieoaiue iiaeia a?aecia/eoe ?iaioe
A.Ae.Aaceeaae/a, A.Ae?iaiei, ?.O.Aaeaaaiiaa, I.A.I?ea-ithe-Iaeeoeueei?,
N.N.Inaaeoey, A.?.A?ooea, I.N.Eeaie?aa, O.A.Ia?oe?yia ? A.I.Aa?aneiaiea,
I.Ae.Eooaea, A.O.Aethaeeeiaa, I.O.Naaeoea ? TH.N.Eiaa-eaiea,
A.A.Nooiaa, I.Iieoa, I.O?eaoaa, A.A.Oaoiaa, ?.sseiaaiea,
I.ssno?a-inueeiai oa ?ioeo. Ana oea aeiaaa? nenoaiiino? ? eiiieaeniiai
i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy i?iaeaie oa i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aenieo aeooaeuei?noue
aea?aii? aaoi?ii oaie ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa iia’ycaia c oaiaoeeith ?iaioe a?aeae?eaiiy o?iain?a ? o?iainiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI ii caaaeaiith 01.07.
«?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? ii oaeineiiaeaiith no?aooaaiiy
n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a» i?aei?ia?aie «Oai?aoe/i?
iniiae o?iainiai? iie?oeee oa ?aoi?ioaaiiy o?iainiai-e?aaeeoiiai
iaoai?cio AIE» Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie ia 1996-2000 ?iee «Iaoeia?
iniiae aa?a?ii? iie?oeee o?ainoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei
aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a ?eieia? oiiae».

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea/aiiy
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ieo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy iaeiiaiai
no?aoiaiai ?eieo ? aoaeoeaiino? no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yi?a eiai ?icaeoeo ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
a oiiaao aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoee
iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:

· iaa?oiooaaoe oai?aoe/i? iniiae oa o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? ? i?aaia?
ia?aaeoiiae ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oa
aecia/eoe aeiiii?/iee ci?no ? i?noea iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy a nenoai?
?eieiaiai iaoai?cio;

· i?iaiae?coaaoe noai ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo oa aoaeoeai?noue
no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, a oiio /ene? ? ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo;

· iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yie ?icaeoeo ? aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaiai
?eieo /a?ac iaoai?ci aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ?eieo ?
caeiiiaeaa/i? aace no?aooaaiiy;

· aecia/eoe iai?yie i?aeaeuaiiy o?iainiai? no?eeino? oa
ieaoini?i-iiaeiino? no?aoiaee?a, aeei?enoaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo
i?aai?caoe?? oa aaaeaiiy no?aoiai? ni?aae, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie
ia?eaoeiao ? ?ecee-iaiaaeaeiaioo a no?aoia?e ae?yeueiino?.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaee/i? ? i?eeeaaei? o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? oa
i?aai?caoe?ei? ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo iaeiiaiai no?aoiaiai ?eieo a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeoe?iia?ii? no?aoiai? eiiiai?? «I?aioa» (IANE «I?aioa»),
yea aenooia? e?aea?ii a i?iaaaeaii? no?aooaaiiy iaeia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee a?aeiia?aei? Caeiie Oe?a?ie
oa Iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo no?aoiai?
ni?aae, io?oe?ei? iaoa??aee c ieoaiue no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino?
Aea?aeeiinoaoo Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie,
Eii?oaoo o ni?aaao iaaeyaeo ca no?aoiaith ae?yeuei?noth
(Oe?no?aoiaaeyae), noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino? IANE «I?aioa», e?oa?aoo?i?
aeaea?aea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? ? oaiaeaioe?e a aoaeoeaiino? no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a
aa?a?i?e noa?? iaa?oioiaai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae ? iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie oa
aecia/aii o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? ? i?aai?caoe?ei? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy
oa iai?yie ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

Nooi?noue iaoeiai? iiaecie iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· iaa?oiooaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia oa o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ieo ? i?aaiaeo
ia?aaeoiia oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo a aa?a?i?e noa?? aeey
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee;

· aecia/aii no?aoiaa iiea ? ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;

· aeyaeaia aoaeoeai?noue no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? ii iaia’yceiaiio ?
aeia?ia?eueiiio no?aooaaiith iaeia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?i-noa, a oiio /ene? ? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?;

· ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?ei? noaie ? no?oeoo?e iaoe?iiaeueiiai
no?aoiaiai ?eieo oa iaeiiaiai no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?;

· aecia/aii iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/i? aace ?icaeoeo
no?aooaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe?? no?aoiai?
ni?aae oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo a aa?a?i?e noa??;

· iaa?oioiaai? i?iiiceoe?? ii caaacia/aiith o?iainiai? no?eeino? ?
ieaoini?iiiaeiino? no?aoiaeo i?aai?caoe?e;

· ?ic?iaeaia noaia ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? no?aoiai? eiiiai??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?iiiceoe??, ui i?noyoueny
a ?iaio?, ni?yiiaai? ia oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie oeea?e?ciaaiiai no?aoiaiai
?eieo oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?

aeei?enoai? Oi?aae?iiyi no?aooaaiiy iaeia oa a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
th?eaee/ieo in?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeoe?iia?ii? no?aoiai? eiiiai?? «I?aioa»
i?e i?aeaioiaoe? i?iiiceoe?e aei i?iaeoo Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i aianaiiy
ci?i ? aeiiiaiaiue aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i no?aooaaiiy», yeee aoei
ia?aaeaii Eii?oaoo o ni?aaao iaaeyaeo ca no?aoiaith ae?yeuei?noth, a
oaeiae i?e ?ic?iaoe? «Iieiaeaiiy i?i iaia’yceiaa no?aooaaiiy a?iaeath
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? oa aaaaoi??/ieo ianaaeaeaiue o
?aaeainiao oa ?ioeo aea?aeaaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao», yea aoei iiaeaii Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie,
I?i?noa?noao AIE Oe?a?ie, Eii?oaoo o ni?aaao iaaeyaeo ca no?aoiaith
ae?yeuei?noth oa ?ioei caoe?eaaeaiei i?aai?caoe?yi ? a?aeiinoaai, a
oaeiae i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooie?a oa?eo?a no?aoiai? i?ai??
ii no?aooaaiith a?iaeath n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?,
aaaaoi??/ieo ianaaeaeaiue oa ?ioiai iaeia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii i?aai?caoe?ei?e no?oeoo?? no?aoiaiai
?eieo, o?iainia?e no?eeino? no?aoiaee?a oa ?ic?iaeaia aaoi?ii noaia
ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? no?aoiai? eiiiai?? aeei?enoai? ia
aeiiii?/iiio oaeoeueoao? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea i?e aeeeaaeaii? o/aiaiai eo?no “No?aoiaa ni?aaa”, a oaeiae
iiaeooue aooe c oe??th ae iaoith aeei?enoai? a oi?aa?neoaoao oa
?inoeoooao aa?a?iiai i?io?eth.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a aeine?aeaeoaaio i?iaeaio. Iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe, i?eaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, io?eiai? aaoi?ii
iniaenoi. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy
iaeiiaiai no?aoiaiai ?eieo oa aoaeoeaiino? no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ? iaa?oioiaaii iai?yie eiai ?icaeoeo ?
aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?e i??i?eoaoiiio aea/aii? ieoaiue
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e no?aoiaiai ?eieo, caeiiiaeaa/i?
aace ?icaeoeo no?aooaaiiy, caaacia/aiiy o?iainiai? no?eeino?,
ieaoini?iiiaeiino? ? e?ea?aeiino? no?aoiaeo i?aai?caoe?e, aeei?enoaiiy
ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe?? no?aooaaiiy a aa?a?i?e noa??,
?icaeoeo ia?eaoeiao ? i?aai?caoe?? ?ecee-iaiaaeaeiaioo a no?aoiaeo
eiiiai?yo, ye? noiniaii ?icaeoeo ?eieo no?aooaaiiy a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? acaaae? ia aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, a ioae?eaoe?e c oeeo ieoaiue
i?aeoe/ii ia ia?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? aaoi?ii o aeo?iaeueieo noaooyo, ai?iaiaai?
ia ui??/ieo ca?oao o a?aeae?e? o?iain?a, iae?eo ? aoaeeoo ?inoeoooo
aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii?eethaeiaii oaeiae
ia Ia?oiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?oi? «Oe?a?ia. No?aooaaiiy — 98» (i.Ee?a,
25-26 ethoiai 1998 ?.), ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (1997-1998 ??.),
Oa?iii?euenuee?e aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa (1996 ?.),
A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? (1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 6 iaeiiin?aieo
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,4 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooa, a oiio /ene?
4 noaoo? o oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao (1,9 ae?oe.a?e.) ? 2 a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue (0,5 ae?oe.a?e.).

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia
205 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, aeeth/a? 48 oaaeeoeue ? 17 ?enoie?a.
Neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae (191 aeaea?aei) ? aeiaeaoe?a.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Anooi.

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae, o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? ? i?aaia? ia?aaeoiiae
?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 1.1. Aeiiii?/iee
ci?no oa i?noea iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy a nenoai? ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio.
1.2. O?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? ? i?aaia? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo
no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 1.3. Iaoiaeieia?y ?
iniaeeaino? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 2. No/aniee noai ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo oa aoaeoeai?noue
no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 2.1. No?aoiaa iiea
? ??aaiue ?icaeoeo no?aooaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 2.2. Noai
?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo ? aoaeoeai?noue no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 2.3. Aoaeoeai?noue no?aooaaiiy iaeia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia ?aa?iiaeueieo no?aoiaeo
?eieao.

?icae?e 3. Iniiai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo ? aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
no?aoiaiai ?eieo. 3.1. Noai?aiiy eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e no?aoiaiai ?eieo. 3.2.
Oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/i? aace ?icaeoeo no?aooaaiiy. 3.3.
Caaacia/aiiy o?iainiai? no?eeino? ? ieaoini?iiiaeiino? no?aoiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e. 3.4. Aeei?enoaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe??
no?aooaaiiy ? aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo a aa?a?i?e
noa??. 3.5. ?icaeoie ia?eaoeiao ? i?aai?caoe?y ?ecee-iaiaaeaeiaioo a
no?aoia?e ae?yeueiino?.

Aeniiaee.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

Aeiaeaoee.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae, o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? ? i?aaia?
ia?aaeoiiae ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?” —
?icaeyiooi eiiieaen oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai, o?iainiaiai ? i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?o noiniaii
?icaeoeo no?aoiai? ni?aae ca ??ci? ia??iaee ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae oa
i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iaeiiaiai no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. I?eaaaeaia
oaeiae iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeey i?aaeeueiiai ?icoi?iiy aeiiii?/iiai ci?noo iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy
ia?o ca ana iaiao?aeii aeoiaeeoe c oiai, ui a ?aaeueiiio ae?iaie/iio
i?ioean? iiaeeea? ii?ooaiiy eiai ii?iaeueiiai oiaeo /a?ac iioeiaeaeaiiy
cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa. sseui iioeiaeaeaiiy /e cieuaiiy oaeoi??a
ae?iaieoeoaa i?/ei ia eiiiainoaaoe, oi i?ioean ae?iaieoeoaa iiaea
i?eieieoeny. Oiio nooue ? caaaeueia iaoa no?aooaaiiy caeeth/a?oueny a
iaeneiaeueiiio caoeno? eiai iaoa??aeueieo eiiiiiaio?a a?ae ae??
?oei?aieo nee, yeo iiaeeeai noaoenoe/ii ia?aaeaa/eoe, aea iaiiaeeeai
a?aeaa?iooe. Neacaia iiaiith i??ith a?aeiineoueny ? aei n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa. A oe?e aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa aeiiii?/i?
i?ioeane a?aeoai?aiiy o?nii ia?aie?oathoueny c i?e?iaeieie i?ioeanaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? aeeaeo i?aai?ci?a — ?ineei oa oaa?ei. O ae?iaieoeoa?
aeei?enoiao?oueny aaaaoi aoae?aaeue oa nii?oae, iaoei oa iaoai?ci?a,
??ciiiai?oieo oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, cania?a cayceo oa eiioi?eaoe?e,
a ioaea caa??aa?oueny ? ia’?eoeaia iaiao?aei?noue iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy
oa noai?aiiy ?eieo no?aoiaeo iineoa a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. A
oe?eiio aeiiii?/iee ci?no iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy a oiiaao ?eieo
caiaeeoueny aei noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo, ia?aaaaeii a?ioiaeo, no?aoiaeo
oiiae?a ia aeiaaeie iioeiaeaeaiiy /e caaeaae? iaoa??aeueieo eiiiiiaio?a
ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano. Uiaei i?noey iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy a ?eieiaeo
iaoai?ciao, oi ii noo? oea iiaeia aaaaeaoe ieoaiiyi i?i eiai caaaeaiiy.
Na?aae aeine?aeiee?a uiaei oeueiai ?aeeii? aeoiee ia neeaeiny. Iaeia
oi/ea ci?o caiaeeoueny aei oiai, ui caaaeaiiyi iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy
aa?a?ieo noa’?eo?a ? no?aooaaiiy aeioiae?a, aeeth/ath/e ? i?eaooie.
Ae?oaa ci???ioiaaia ia no?aooaaiiy aeo?aeieo iaoa??aeueieo oaeoi??a
a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai i?ioeano, oiaoi aaainiaaiee eai?oae,
iaoa??ae?ciaaiee a iniiaieo oa iai?ioieo caniaao ae?iaieoeoaa
(aoae?aeyo, nii?oaeao, oaoi?oe?, aeia?eaao, ooaeia?, ei?iao ? o.i.). Ia
iaoo aeoieo, aeiiii?/iei caaaeaiiyi iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy iiaeiii aooe
a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy aa?oino? ao?a/aiiai iaeia a o?e ioe?ioe?, yeo aiii ia? a
ainiiaea?nueeiio iai?io? i?aei?e?inoaa (aeaniiai — ca nia?aa?o?noth,
eoieaiiai — ca aa?o?noth i?eaeaaiiy). I?e oeueiio ia ia? cia/aiiy
a?aeiineoueny iaeii aei aaainiaaiiai eai?oaeo, /e aaea ? ?acoeueoaoii
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaiao?aeii iniaeeai a?aecia/eoe, ui a e?oa?aoo?? iaia? /?oeiai
aecia/aiiy iiiyooy no?aoiaiai ?eieo. Ie aaaaea?ii, ui a?aeiinii AIE
no?aoiaee ?eiie iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye noa?o o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei i?ae no?aoiaeeaie oa no?aooaaeueieeaie ii iaaeaiith no?aoiaeo
iineoa th?eaee/iei ? o?ce/iei iniaai, a oaeiae cae?eniaiith
a?aeiia?aeii? o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa c
aieo eiia?oe?eieo no?aoiaeo eiiiai?e ? o??i /e aea?aeaaieo no?aoiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e. I?e oeueiio no?aoiaee ?eiie ia? ooieoe?iioaaoe ia
eiieo?aioi?e iniia? i?e iino?eiiio ?icoe?aii? aeae?a no?aoiaeo iineoa ?
i?eaooeiaino? no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino?. sse a?aeiii, caaaeuei? i?eioeeie
no?aooaaiiy ia?aaeaa/athoue ia?a?iciiae?e caeoe?a ye i?ae
oa?eoi??aeueieie iaeeieoeyie, oae ? a /an?, oiaoi aeey aoaeoeaiiai
aaaeaiiy no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? iaiao?aeia aaeeea e?euee?noue ia’?eo?a
no?aooaaiiy ia cia/i?e oa?eoi??? aeey noai?aiiy ? ia?a?iciiae?eo
a?aeiia?aeiiai no?aoiaiai oiiaeo, ui iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeoeo
?aa?iiaeueieo ?eieiaeo no?oeoo? oa noai?aiiy o?iainiai no?eeeo ?
iaae?eieo no?aoiaeo eiiiai?e.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “No/aniee noai ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo oa
aoaeoeai?noue no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?” —
i?iaia-e?ciaaii no?aoiaa iiea ? ??aaiue ?icaeoeo no?aooaaiiy oa noai
no?aoiaiai ?eieo a aa?a?i?e noa?? ? iieacaia aoaeoeai?noue no?aoiai?
ae?yeueiino? IANE “I?aioa” ii iaia’yceiaiio ? aeia?ia?eueiiio
no?aooaaiith iaeia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, a oiio /ene?
? ia ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eieao.

E?eciaee noai aeiiii?ee aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno a cia/i?e i???
iaoiiaeth? iecueeee ??aaiue no?aooaaiiy iaeia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa oa iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue ?icaeoeo no?aoiaiai ?eieo a
aa?a?i?e noa??. ?acii c oei aeey no?aoiaee?a a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? iino?eii ?nio? aaeeea no?aoiaa iiea, oiaoi ?
iaeneiaeueia e?euee?noue ia’?eo?a ? ?ecee?a, ye? iiaeia cano?aooaaoe.
I?ioa a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? ne?ooe neeaeany neooaoe?y, eiee /a?ac
iaieaoini?iiiaei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa aeieeee
o?oaeiiu? c i?iaaaeaiiyi iaia’yceiaiai ? aeia?ia?eueiiai no?aooaaiiy.
Iaa?oue na?aae oeeaaeaieo aeiaiai??a aeoaea iaea ?o e?euee?noue ?
ae?th/ith i?e cia/ieo eieeaaiiyo oeueiai iieacieea ii ie?aieo
iaeanoyo(oaae.1).

sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe? 1, a 1996 ?. ieoiia aaaa ae?th/eo aeiaiai??a a
nenoai? IANE “I?aioa” noaiiaeea 11,0% ? a 1997 ? — 3,8%. I?ioa, a 1997
?. /a?ac o?iainiao ne?ooo i?iaiaeeeiny eeoa aeia?ia?eueia no?aooaaiiy.
sse aa/eii, inai?iiy ?nioth/iai no?aoiaiai iiey aoei iacia/iei, ui
aiai?eoue i?i iecueeee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo no?aooaaiiy a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?..

Ca noaiii ia ia??iae 1993-1996 ??., oiaoi c iiiaioo i?aai?caoe?? IANE
“I?aioa” ? aei i?eeiyooy caeiio “I?i no?aooaaiiy” (iinoaiiaa A? N86/96 —
A? a?ae 07.03.96) ?eiie no?aoiaeo iineoa a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
i?aaenoaaeaiee ia ??ai? 20 iaeanoae nenoaie IANE «I?aioa» oa naiino?eieo
no?aoiaeo eiiiai?e a 4 iaeanoyo: Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e — «I?aioa —
Aei?i?i», Aeiiaoeuee?e — «I?aioa — Aeiiaoeuee», Eoaainuee?e — «I?aioa —
Eoaaiue», Caii??cuee?e

Oaaeeoey 1. ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iaia’yceiaiai ? aeia?ia?eueiiai no?aooaaiiy
iaeia

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa a nenoai? IANE «I?aioa» a
1996-1997 ??.

1996 ?.1997 ?.Iaia’yceiaa no?aooaaiiyAeia?ia?eueia
no?aooaaiiy?aciiAeia?ia?eueia
co?aooaaiiyIaeano?E?euee?noue%E?euee?noue%E?euee?noue%E?euee?noue%ainii-
aea?noaae?th/eo aeiai-ai??aaeiaiai-??a aei
noa’?eo?aainii-aea?noaae?th/eo aeiai-ai??aaeiaiai-??a aei
noa’?eo?aainii-aea?noaae?th/eo aeiai-ai??aaeiaiai-??a aei
noa’?eo?aainii-aea?noaae?th/eo aeiai-ai??aaeiaiai-??a aei
noa’?eo?aA?iieoeueea8211,270919327,279119424,5163022113,6Aieeinueea30516
,737210,340261,574150,7AEeoiie?nueea3712,7636203,1673213,196360,6Caea?ia
onueea40717,516274,3202146,9326185,5?aaii-O?aie?anueea10110,0310196,1320
206,3978575,8Ee?anueea1592012,64289422,058711419,4151517011,2E??iaia?aae
nueea22940,93824912,84045814,81562432,8Euea?anueea43716,344092,0483163,3
1554211,4Ieeiea?anueea74810,83866316,34607115,42960190,6Iaeanueea21610,5
433255,8649264,06067110,2Iieoaanueea64812,51822472,61886552,92129974,6??
aiainueea241145,83014715,63255817,8570498,6Noinueea6446,33835313,8447571
2,73926015,3Oa?iii?euenueea4436,852410,256840,7—Oa?e?anueea14110,73262
16,4467224,71678201,2Oa?niinueea911415,42418334,43329729,23103491,6Oiaeu
eieoeueea37410,8633274,3670314,61219211,7*a?eanueea771519,549022946,7567
24443,0110323921,7*a?i?aaoeueea18422,219863,0216104,686230,3*a?i?a?anuee
a36513,9561386,8597437,21163544,6Anueiai130918914,49740103410,6110491223
11,03051511633,8

— «I?aioa — N?/» ? a Aaoiiiii?e ?anioae?oe? E?ei — «E?ei — I?aioa», ye?
noaee naiino?eieie noa’?eoaie no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? i?ney
?ai?aai?caoe?? nenoaie Oe?aea?aeno?aoo.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ieaoaae?a ? aeieao no?aoiaiai
a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy eieainiai ? ?aaeainiai ca 1968-1991 ??. a nenoai?
aoaoiai Oe?aea?aeno?aoo ? ca ia??iae 1993-1996 ??. a nenoai? IANE
“I?aioa” iieacaa, ui ianyae a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy ia?aaeuoaaee oiiae aeieaoe
i?ioyaii 14 ?ie?a, a oiiae aeieaoe aoa a?eueoei ca ianyae
a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy i?ioyaii 15 ?ie?a, oiaoi ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aoei i?eaeecii
50o50. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ia??iaeo aei 1990 ?. aoei c?inoaiiy
iaaeoiaeaeaiue ieaoaae?a ? oiiaeo aeieao. I?e oeueiio o ianyaao aeieao
a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy eieainiai ? ?aaeainiai niinoa??aathoueny cia/i?
eieeaaiiy ii ie?aieo ?ieao. A ia??iae 1968-1991 ??. oiiae aeieao aoa
iaioei a?ae aeiea/aiiai a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy ia i?ioyc? 11 ?ie?a. Ia??iae
1993-1996 ??. oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aaeuaiiyi aeiea/aiiai a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy
a 1994 ? 1995??. ? nei?i/aiiyi aeieao a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy a 1993 ? 1996
??., oiaoi no?aoiaa ae?yeuei?noue a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? aoea
iaeiaea?aeiith, iniaeeai a inoaii? ?iee. Cie?aia ieoiia aaaa
iaaeoiaeaeaiue no?aoiaeo ieaoaae?a a?ae no?aooaaiiy iaeia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa caeeoa?oueny iacia/iith(oaae.2).
Oae, a caaaeueieo iaaeoiaeaeaiiyo no?aoiaeo ieaoaae?a a 1996 ?. aiia
noaiiaeea 8,2% ? a 1997 ?. — 4,7%. O aeieaoao no?aoiaiai a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy
ii an?o aeaeao no?aooaaiiy ieoiia aaaa iaeia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa a?aeiia?aeii a 1996-1997 ?ieao noaiiaeea 24,3 ? 22,4%, a
oiio /ene? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? — 20,3 ? 16,9%, oaa?ei —
1,2 ? 2,3% oa ?ioiai iaeia — 2,8 ? 3,2%. (?en.1). A oe?eiio aeieaoe
a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy ii iaeiiaiio no?aooaaiith n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei
oiaa?iae?iaieeai caeiaee iaeaea /aoaa?oo /anoeio a caaaeueieo aeieaoao,
ui a iaai?e i??? aiai?eoue i?i a?aeiia?aeio oaaao eiiiai?? aei iaeiiaiai
no?aooaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. A no?oeoo?? no?aoiaeo aeieao
a oe?eiio ii no?aooaaiith iaeia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a a 1996 ? 1997 ? ?ieao aeieaoe ii no?aooaaiith a?iaeath
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a?aeiia?aeii caeiaee 83,6 ? 75,4%,
oaa?ei — 5,1 ? 10,2% oa ?ioiai iaeia — 11,3 ? 14,4%, oiaoi no?aooaaiiy
a?iaeath n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ? iniiaiei aeaeii
no?aooaaiiy. Cie?aia a 1997 ?. a no?oeoo?? no?aoiaeo ieaoaae?a
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?ae no?aooaaiiy a?iaeath n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo? caeiaee 79,4%, oaa?ei — 7,7% oa ?ioiai iaeia — 12,9%. I?e
oeueiio ??aaiue aeieao a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaea a oe?eiio ii

Oaaeeoey 2. No?aoia? i?ai?? ? aeieaoe no?aoiaiai a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy i?e
no?aooaaii? iaeia

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa a nenoai? IANE “I?aioa” a
1996-1997 ??.

1996 ?.1997 ?IieacieeeIaaeoiae-aeaiiy no?aoiaeo
ieaoaae?aAeieaoa no?aoiai-ai a?aeoei-aeoaaiiy ??cieoey i?ae
iaae-oiaeaeai-iyie ? aeieaoa-ie (+,-)??aaiue aeieao (%)Iaaeoiae-aeaiiy
no?aoiaeo ieaoaae?aAeieaoa no?aoiai-ai a?aeoei-aeoaaiiy??cieoey i?ae
iaae-oiaeaeai-iyie ? aeieaoa-ie (+,-)??aaiue aeieao (%)Iaiayceiaa
no?aooaaiiy iaeia ?aaeaini?a, oen.a?i.1507,52146,1-638,5149,4—-Ieoiia
aaaa ?aaeaini?a a iaiayceiaeo aeaeao no?aooaaiiy ii eiiiai???,
%5,629,0——Aeia?ia?eueia no?aooaaiiy iaeia n.-a. i?aei?e?inoa: ENI,
oa?ia??a, i?aiaea-??a, naeyinueeeo ainiiaea?noa anueiai,
oen.a?i.2922,12879,1+43,098,53904,15228,8-1324,7133,9a o./.
ENI2869,42857,7+11,799,63633,34567,9-934,6125,7oa?ia??a, i?aiaea??a,
naeyinueeeo ainiiaea?noa52,721,4+31,340,647,159,8-12,7127,0iaeia
aea?aeaaieo n.-a. i?aei?e?inoa—223,7601,1-377,4Ieoiia aaaa n.-a.
i?aei?e?inoa: ENI, oa?ia??a, i?aiaea??a ? naeyinueeeo ainiiaea?noa a
aeia?ia?eueieo aeaeao no?aooaaiiy ii eiiiai??,%10,821,7—5,622,5—?acii
ii iaia’yceiaiio ? aeia?ia?eueiiio aeaeao no?aooaaiiy iaeia a n.-a.
i?aei?e?inoaao,
oen.a?i.4429,75025,2-595,5113,43904,15228,8-1324,7133,9Ieoiia aaaa
no?aooaaiiy iaeia n?eueainii?aei?e?inoa o an?o aeaeao no?aooaaiiy
eiiiai??, %,8,224,3—4,722,4 — —

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???

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yy????y?y?y??yy?yyy????4?????5????’yy??? ???????

????yyy???? ???????’yy???

????yyy???? ???????°F ???????’yy???

????yyy???? ???????Aµ oyoy???’yy???

????yyy???? ???????°F ???????uy??????1/4???I????Arial
Cyr?I¶???-????u??????1/4???I»System?I???-????’yy???

????-????yyy???? ???????°F ???????uy??????

no?aooaaiith iaeia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a 133,9%, a
oiio /ene? a?iaeath n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? — 136,9%, oaa?ei
— 127,9% oa ?ioiai iaeia — 123,8%, oiaoi aeieaoe a?aeoeiaeoaaiue
ia?aaeuoaaee iaaeoiaeaeaiiy no?aoiaeo ieaoaae?a.

A 1996 ?. aeo?aoe ii iaia’yceiaiio no?aooaaiith iaeia ?aaeaini?a
noaiiaeee 1,54 a?i., a oiio /ene? aeieaoa no?aoiaiai a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy —
1,42 a?i., a ii aeia?ia?eueiiio no?aooaaiith iaeia ENI, oa?ia??a,
i?aiaea??a, i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy (IAI) — a?aeiia?aeii 1,21
? 1,0 a?i. a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 a?i. iaaeoiaeaeaiiy no?aoiaeo ieaoaae?a. A
1997 ?. aeo?aoe ia aeia?ia?eueia no?aooaaiiy iaeia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa noaiiaeee 1,46 a?i., a oiio /ene?
aeieaoa no?aoiaiai a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy — 1,17 a?i. a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 a?i.
iaaeoiaeaeaiue no?aoiaeo ieaoaae?a, ui a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao?
iaoiiaeei caeoeia?noue no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

?eiie no?aooaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iaiaeii??aei?noth ii ie?aieo ?aa?iiao, ye? aoiaeyoue a nenoaio no?aoiai?
ae?yeueiino? IANE “I?aioa”. I?e oeueiio oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth
iaeiiaiai no?aooaaiiy a ie?aieo ?aa?iiao ? naaiaioao ?eieo a inoaii?
?iee ? iecueea ieoiia aaaa ae?th/eo aeiaiai??a c ENI, oa?ia?aie ?
i?aiaea?yie, aea?aeaaieie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie i?aei?e?inoaaie i?e
iaaeinoaoiueiio iaaeoiaeaeaii? a?ae ieo no?aoiaeo ieaoaae?a /a?ac
iaieaoini?iiiaei?noue ainiiaea?noa oa cia/i? aeo?aoe no?aoiaee?a ia
i?iaaaeaiiy no?aooaaiiy.

Iaiao?aeii iaaieineoe ia oiio, ui aei noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee AIE ?
i?aeaeuaiiy o?iainiai? no?eeino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ?ioaineaiee ?icaeoie no?aoiaiai ?eieo a aa?a?i?e noa??
aaa/a?oueny i?iaeaiaoe/iei ? iniaeeai ia oii? no/anii? o?iainiai? e?ece
a aea?aeaa?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Iniiai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo ? aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo” — aecia/aii eiiieaen
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a, caeaoieo nooo?ai i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?. ?o nooi?noue caiaeeoueny aei oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e iaoe?iiaeueiiai no?aoiaiai ?eieo ? iaeiiaiai
no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oa caeiiiaeaa/i? aace
?icaeoeo no?aooaaiiy, caaacia/aiiy o?iainiai? no?eeino?,
ieaoini?iiiaeiino? ? e?ea?aeiino? no?aoiaeo i?aai?caoe?e, aeei?enoaii?
ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe?? ? aaaeaiiy no?aoiai? ni?aae,
?icaeoeo ia?eaoeiao ? i?aai?caoe?? ?ecee-iaiaaeaeiaioo a no?aoia?e
ae?yeueiino?.

A ?iaio? aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia oiio, ui noiniaii aeiia ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee iniaeeai a?aenoa? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa oa ?ioi?iaoe?eia aaca
caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo, ?niothoue i?iaeaie
aeiiii?ee ? i?aai?caoe?? no?aoiai? ni?aae, a oaeiae i?aeaioiaee ?
ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a. I?aeoe/ii iaoe?iiaeueiee no?aoiaee ?eiie
no?oeoo?iaaiee ca iniiaieie aeaeaie ae?yeueiino? no?aoiaee?a ? ie?aieie
?eieaie no?aoiaeo iineoa. Noaiii ia 01.02.1998 ?. ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio
no?aoiaiio ?eieo cae?eo? no?aoia? aeoe?iia?i? oiaa?enoaa — caeiaee
59,2%, no?aoia? aeoe?iia?i? oiaa?enoaa — 17,6% ? a?aee?eo?
no?aoia? aeoe?iia?i? oiaa?enoaa — 9,9%, oiaoi oe? o?e a?oie no?aoiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e aoee aeii?ioth/eie(86,7%). IANE “I?aioa” caeia? iaeia c
i?ia?aeieo i?noeue ia oeueiio ?eieo. A ?iaio? oe? ieoaiiy
?icaeyaeathoueny a?eueo aeaoaeueii ? cie?aia i?aai?caoe?eia noaia ?
no?oeoo?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai no?aoiaiai ?eieo.

Noiniaii iaeiiaiai no?aoiaiai ?eieo a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? a
ia??iae 1997-1998 ??. a?aeaoeeny iaai? ci?ie. Ii-ia?oa, aoee
i?aai?ciaai? iia? iaeani? aee?aeoe?? IANE “I?aioa” a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo,
Aeiiaoeueeo, Caii??aeae?, N?ioa?iiie?, ye? aoaeooue ia?aeaeueii ae?yoe c
?nioth/eie naiino?eieie no?aoiaeie eiiiai?yie “I?aioa-Aei?i?i”,
“I?aioa-N?/”, “I?aioa-Aeiiaan”,“E?ei-I?aioa”, oiaoi i?aeoe/ii
i?aoethaaoe a eiieo?aioiiio na?aaeiaeu? c ?ioeie no?aoiaeeaie.
Ii-ae?oaa, ci?oeieany aeie i?ane ? ?aeeaie no?aoiaiai ?eieo (?en.2). I?e
oeueiio i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a IANE “I?aioa” aaeaioiaaia aei ?eieiaeo
oiia ? ci???ioiaaia ia iineeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ?
eii?aeeiaoe?? ?iaioe oa?eoi??aeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a eiiiai??.

A oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iniiaiith ia?aaeoiiaith aoaeoeaii? no?aoiai?
ae?yeueiino? ? o?iainiaa no?ee?noue ? ieaoini?iiiaei?noue no?aoiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e.Oae, a 1996 ?. eiao?oe??io o?iainiai? no?eeino? no?aoiaiai
oiiaeo(Eo.n.) IANE “I?aioa” aoa 0,95 ? a 1997 ?. — 1,59, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i c?inoaiiy o?iainiai? no?eeino? no?aoiai? eiiiai??. Aaaaea?oueny
ii?iaeueiei, eiee cia/aiiy Eo.n. ??aia aai ia?aaeuo? iaeeieoeth, oiaoi
eiee noia aeioiae?a ca oa?eoiee ia??iae c a?aooaaiiyi caeeoeo eioo?a a
?aca?aieo oiiaeao ia?aaeuo? aeo?aoe no?aoiaeea ca oeae aea ia??iae /e ca
eiie?aoiee ??e. A?aeiioaiiy oaeoe/iiai ? ii?iaoeaiiai caiano
ieaoini?iiiaeiino? aecia/a? eiao?oe??io caiano ieaoini?iiiaeiino?, yeee
a IANE”I?aioa” a 1996 ?. noaiiaea 3,5 ? a 1997 ?. — 2,4, oiaoi aoa
ii??aiyii aenieei.

Noooth o?iainiai? no?eeino? ? caaacia/aiiy caian?a oa aeo?ao aeaea?aeaie
cania?a aeey ?o oi?ioaaiiy ? aiia aoaea iaoiiaethaaoeny a cia/i?e i???
no?oeoo?ieie ci?iaie aeeiai?ee aeoeao oa ianeao aaeaino eiie?aoii?
no?aoiai? i?aai?caoe??. Oiio o?iainiao noae?noue iiaeia ioe?ieoe oaeiae
? ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi aeanieo oa iice/eiaeo eioo?a, oaiiaie iaeiie/aiiy
aeanieo eioo?a a ?acoeueoao? no?aoiai? oa ?ioi? o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino?,
wmetafile8? ??a???Y???????? ???????yyy????????????
s???

?-???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??yu??  ¤?????y????y??
yy????y?y?y??yy?yyy????4?????5????’yy??? ???????

????yyy???? ???????’yy???

????yyy???? ???????r???????’yy???

????yyy???? ???????„%oyoy???’yy???

????yyy???? ???????r???????uy??????1/4???I????Arial
Cyr?I¶???-????u??????1/4???I»System?I???-????’yy???

????-????yyy???? ???????r???????uy??????aeinoaoi?i
caaacia/aiiyi iaoa??aeueieo ia?aiaeo cania?a aeanieie aeaea?aeaie,
oiaoi ia iniia? aiae?co eiao?oe??io?a o?iainiai? no?eeino?. Iaiao?aeii
a?aecia/eoe, ui ia i?ioyc? 1995-1997 ??. a IANE “I?aioa” ca?eueoeeeny
aa?o?noue iaeia i?aai?caoe?? ? aeanieo ia?aiaeo eioo?a, c?inee noie
a?ioiaeo eioo?a oa ?ioeo aeoea?a ? oea iaoiiaeei c?inoaiiy o?iainiai?
no?eeino? eiiiai?? oa ?? ieaoini?iiiaeiino?. Oae, ca ia??iae 1995-1997
??. eiao?oe??io aaoiiii?? (Ea ) c??n a?ae 0,64 aei 0,96 o 1997 ?., ui
na?ae/eoue i?i ca?eueoaiiy o?iainiai? iacaeaaeiino?, i?aeaeuo? aa?aio??
iiaaoaiiy eiiiai??th nai?o ciaia’ycaiue ia?aae no?aooaaeueieeaie.
Eiao?oe??io i?iaiico aaie?oonoaa(Eia) eieeaa?oueny a?ae 0,23 aei 0,77,
ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaai? o?iainia? oneeaaeiaiiy a ie?ai? ?iee. A oe?eiio
iiaeia c?iaeoe caaaeueiee aeniiaie i?i caaeia?eueiee o?iainiaee noai
eiiiai??. Aeey ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaeo eiiiai?e a
?eieiaeo oiiaao iaiao?aeii, uia aiie aoee ia o?eueee ieaoini?iiiaeieie,
a e e?ea?aeieie.

Ia i?ioyc? 1995-1997 ??. IANE “I?aioa” iiaea oaeaeei aeeiioaaoe nai?
ei?ioeino?ieia? ciaia’ycaiiy ia?aae no?aooaaeueieeaie, oiaoi aoea
e?ea?aeiith (oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 3. Iieacieee e?ea?aeiino? IANE “I?aioa” ca 1995-1997 ??.

IieacieeeIi?iaeuei?Noaiii ia e?iaoeue ?ieoiaiaaeaiiy1995199619971.
A?ioia? eiooe oa oe?ii? iaia?e, oen. a?i.

15170

12007

21218,12. Aeaa?oi?nueea caai?aiaai?noue, oen. a?i.

5617,9

2174,7

2793,03. ?io? ia?aia? aeoeae, oen. a?i.

38,6

89,9

416,34. Anueiai a?ioiaeo eioo?a ? aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?
(1+2+3), oen. a?i.

20826,5

14271,6

24427,45. Caiane ? cao?aoe (ca i?io-nii aeo?ao iaeaooi?o ia??-iae?a),
oen. a?i.

488,4

1009,9

5311,56. Anueiai e?ea?aeieo cania?a (4+5), oen. a?i.

21314,9

15281,5

29738,97. Ei?ioeino?ieia? ciaia’ycai-iy (iioi/i? ianeae),oen.a?i.

10022,6

2772,7

2071,68. Eiao?oe??io aaniethoii? e?ea?aeiino? (1:7)

1

1,51

4,33

10,249. Eiao?oe??io e?ea?aeiino? (4:7) 2 2,085,1511,7910. Eiao?oe??io
iioi/ii? e?ea?aeiino? (6:7)

2

2,13

5,51

14,36C aeaieo oaaeeoe? 3 aeaeii, ui IANE “I?aioa” ia? aenie? iieacieee
e?ea?aeiino?. ?acii c oei iaiao?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy a no?oeoo?? iaeia
/anoee aeanieo eioo?a, yea iai?aaey?oueny a ia?aia? aeoeae. Iaiao?aeii
oaeiae ciaiooaaoe noio aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? ? caaacia/oaaoe
noaa?eueio o?iainiao ae?yeuei?noue eiiiai?? i?ioyaii ?ieo.

Aaaeeeaei iai?yiii i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? no?aoiai? ae?yeueiino? ?
aeei?enoaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe?? ? aaaeaiiy no?aoiai?
ni?aae oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo a aa?a?i?e noa??. Oea cie?aia
aeina?ae NOA, Eaiaaee, ssiii??, Aaeeeia?eoai??, O?aioe??, Oai?ueie,
*ao?? oa ?ioeo aea?aeaa. C aeina?aeo ?icaeiooeo e?a?i ii i?aai?caoe??
? aaaeaiiy no?aooaaiiy a aa?a?i?e noa?? aeey iaoeo oiia iathoue ?ioa?an
iaoe?iiaeuei? nenoaie eii?aeeiaoe?? ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?aoiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e i?e i?ia?aei?e ?ie? aea?aeaae o ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai ?
no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo no?aooaaiiy, o i?aeoeoe? no?aooaaiiy oa?ia?nueeeo
ainiiaea?noa ? ?icaeoeo eiiia?aoeaieo no?aoiaeo i?aai?caoe?e, a oiio
/ene? ? oiaa?enoa aca?iiiai no?aooaaiiy (OAN), ye? oni?oii eiieo?othoue
ia no?aoiaiio ?eieo aaaaoueio aea?aeaa c o?aaeeoe?eieie no?aoiaeie
eiiiai?yie.

A ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao aaeeea oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny no?aoiaiio ia?eaoeiao,
yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny ye eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei ieoaiue i?aai?caoe??
? oi?aae?iiy ae?yeuei?noth no?aoiaeo eiiiai?e, iai?aaeaiee ia iaaeaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo no?aoiaeo iineoa, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue iioaioe?eiiio
iiieoo ia ?eieo. Ii noo? neoaeae ia?eaoeiao noai?ththoueny ia?o ca ana
aeey aio/eiai i?enoinoaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? ae?yeueiino? no?aoiaeo
eiiiai?e aei ci?i aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? oa eii’thieoo?e ?eieo.

Iaie ?ic?iaeaia noaia ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? no?aoiai? eiiiai??, yea
a ocaaaeueiaiiio aeaeyae? iieacaia ia ?en.3.

A oe?eiio ?iaioa neoaea ia?eaoeiao caiaeeoueny aei oaeeo aeie?a ieoaiue
ye aeine?aeaeaiiy no?aoiaiai ?eieo, aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii?
?iaioe ii ?aae?caoe?? no?aoiaeo iineoa ca?aeii iiieoo oa ?o ?aeeaia.
Iine?eueee no?aoiaa ae?yeuei?noue iino?eii iia’ycaia c ??cieie ?eceeaie,
aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue oi?aae?iiy ?eceeaie ? o?iainiaeie a?aeiineiaie
i?ae no?aoiaeeaie ? no?aooaaeueieeaie, oiaoi i?aai?caoe??
?ecee-iaiaaeaeiaioo, aai ?ic?iaee nenoaie caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
?aoe?iiaeueia ii?aeiaiiy an?o ?? aeaiaio?a a ?aeeiee
oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean oi?aae?iiy ?eceeaie.

wmetafile8? ??ae?? ?v???????? ???????yyy????????????
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???u??????????»????-????G ‡ ???G , ???u??????????»????-?
???!????YG ‡ ???-????U,???Uo???-? ???!????CU,
???!????CC ,???ue??yyy??????-????’yy???

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