Розвиток європейської інтеграції в умовах глобалізації світової економіки: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / О.А. Кредісов, Київ. ун-т ім. Т.Шевченка

EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

?INOEOOO I?AEIA?IAeIEO A?AeIINEI

OAeE
339.924

E ? a ae ? n i a Ieaen?e Aiaoie?eiae/

?ICAEOIE ?A?IIAENUeEI? ?IOAA?AOe?? A

OIIAAO AEIAAE?CAOe?? NA?OIAI? AEIIII?EE

niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.05.01 — na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai ? i?aeia?iaei?

aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei

?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

O?e?iaiei Aioii Na?a?eiae/

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeieo
aeiiii?/ieo

a?aeiinei ?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Oa?ana

Oaa/aiea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eoe’yiaiei Aeieo?i A?eai?iae/

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee
aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeiiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo

oaeoeueoaoo i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee ?
i?aaa

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

Iocaiia ?ai? ?aaiiae/

caa. a?aeae?eo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai aeiiii?/iiai
?inoeoooo

I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo

a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 17 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.02 c caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia

caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe a ?inoeooo?

i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana

Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 254119, i. Ee?a, aoe. Iaeueieeiaa, 36/1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith:

252017, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58, e.10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 154 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
Iaco?aiei A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aea?? oaie e
aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/athoueny oei, ui
?a?iiaenueeee Nithc aei e?ioey OO noie?ooy ia?aoai?eany a iaeia c
iaea?eueoeo o na?o? ?ioaa?aoe?eieo a?oioaaiue, ui nooo?ai aieeaa? ia
?icaeoie aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ia eeoa ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio, aea e ia
aeiaaeueiiio ??ai?. ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc yaey? niaith ?ioaa?aoe?eia
ia’?aeiaiiy ?yaeo e?a?i ?a?iie, e?euee?noue /eai?a yeiai aiane?aeie
inoaiiueiai ?icoe?aiiy 1 n?/iy 1995 ?. c?inea aei 15. Aiie
aeaiiino?othoue iaea?eueo ianooaaiee ? oni?oiee i?eeeaae eiiieaenii?
i?aeaea?aeaaii? ?ioaa?aoe??. ?noi??y ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco — oea ?noi??y
oi?ioaaiiy ?aeeiiai ?eieo.

Iaano?eoonueea oaiaea a?ae 7 ethoiai 1992 ?. caii/aoeoaaea iiao i?ia?aio
?ioaa?aoe??, yea aaaea aei ia?aoai?aiiy ?N a ia’?aeiaiiy
iaaeaea?aeaaiiai oeio. Aeiaia?? ia?aaeaa/a? oi?ioaaiiy a ?aieao ?N
aeiiii?/iiai oa aaethoiiai nithco. A?i ?icoe?th? noa?o eiai ae??,
i?aeaeuo? ?ieue ?a?iiaenueeiai ia?eaiaioo, yeiio oaia? i?aeca?oia
Eii?n?y ?N. Oe? i?aaie, a oaeiae ?aaea ?N ? Noae ?N aeciai? caaaeueieie
i?aaiaie Nithco. Ana oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui a ?a?iiaenuee?e
aeiiii?/i?e ?ioaa?aoe?? a?aeaoaathoueny ye?nii iia? i?ioeane, ye?
iio?aaothoue anaa?/ieo iaoeiaeo ocaaaeueiaiue.

No/aniee aoai cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe?? cae?enith?oueny a oiiaao
ao?oeeaiai ?icai?oaiiy aeiaae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui iio?aao?
??oioiaiiai aiae?co ?oiueiai noia?a/eeaiai aca?iiaieeao oa
aca?iicaeaaeiino?.

Iaaeeaeaiiy iaae ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco aaciina?aaeiuei aei ei?aeii?a
Oe?a?ie aeooae?co? i?iaeaio ?? aca?iia?aeiinei c oeei ?ioaa?aoe?eiei
ooai?aiiyi. Nai oa?aeoa? aeaiiai ?aa?iiaeueiiai ia’?aeiaiiy, a oaeiae
eiai cia/ei?noue aeey ?icaeoeo ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae
aeey oe?ieiianooaaiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c iei Oe?a?ie, iiooeo oi?i
aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae??.

Iinooiiaa aeeth/aiiy Oe?a?ie aei caaaeueii?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii?
nenoaie aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy iine?aeiaii? iie?oeee aaeaioaoe?? ??
i?aaiai? aace, aeiiii?/ieo no?oeoo? ? anueiai ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio
aei aei?noeeo aeiia, ui ?o i?aae’yaey? na?oiaa ?eieiaa aeiiii?ea.
Oi?ioth/e iiao aeiiii?/io nenoaio ? aeoiaey/e ia ?a?iiaenueeee ?
na?oiaee ?eiee, Oe?a?ia ia? iai?? ?icaeaaoe aca?iiaea?aei?
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie a onueiio ?oiueiio ??ciiiai?oo?,
aca?iiae?yoe c ?a?iiaenueeei Nithcii ia iiaeo i?eioeeiao, a?aoiaoth/e
iniaeeaino? eiai ?ioaa?aoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo oa eiai iie?oeee iiaeeaeaiiy e
?icoe?aiiy i?aeaea?aeaaieo a?aeiinei ia eiioeiaio?. Aeinyaiaiith
Oe?a?iith no?aoaa?/ii? iaoe ?ioaa?aoe?? a ?a?iiaenuee? no?oeoo?e
iieeeeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeina?aeo ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??
oa ?ic?iaea ia eiai iniia? eiiieaenii? iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ia aeaiiio aaino?aoaa?/iiio iai?yi?.

Aeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo, ia?aa??aieo na?oiaith
i?aeoeeith oi?i i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, oe?iea caeo/aiiy,
ii?yae c a?o/eciyieie, ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e aeicaieeoue Oe?a?i? oni?oii
ae??oeoe aioo??oi? aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie ? ciaeoe a?aeiia?aeia ??
iiaeeeainoyi i?noea a caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeo ? na?oiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo
ca’yceao.

Iaea?eueo oe?iei i?iaeaia aca?iiae?? aeiaae?caoe?? oa ?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? aena?oeaia o aeine?aeaeaiiyo cao?aeieo aaoi??a:
A.Aaae?, AE.-I. Aeeaa?aoa, A.Aiae?aoa, N.Aioiaia, A.Aaeaooe, O.?ooa,
I.E?oaiaea.

Na?aae a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a i?iaeai i?aeia?iaeii? ?ioaa?aoe?? oa
aeiiii?/ii? aeiaae?caoe?? ne?ae a?aecia/eoe Iaoiiiaa TH.I., Aoaee?ia
A.N., Aaei?ona I.A., Aoanueeiai A.A., Iaeiaiia TH.A., Nieieaiea N.?.,
Iaaeaiea TH.A., Ieioi?eiaa I.A., Oie?eiaa I.?., Iiaeoeueeiai A.?.,
Eeeiea A.I., ?oiyioeaaa A.I., O?e?iaiea A.N., Ao?ae?anueeiai ?.A.,
Eoe’yiaiea Ae.A., Aiae??e/oea A.A., Iocaiiaa ?.?., N?aeaiea A.?. oa ?i.
A ?in?enueeeo aeiiii?/ieo aeaea?aeao i?iaeaia ?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe??
aeine?aeaeoaaeanue oaeeie aaoi?aie ye Aooi??ia I.A., Aiaiiieia I.O.,
Aaoeaoiaa O.A., Aaeiaa O.Ae., Io?oac?ia I., Ai?ei TH.O., Aeooa?aa E.O.,
Oeoeia TH.A., Iaeneiiaa I.I. oa ?ioeie.

I?ioa o aca?iiae?? aeiiii?/ii? aeiaae?caoe?? oa i?aeia?iaeii?
ainiiaea?nueei? ?ioaa?aoe?? caeeoa?oueny ?yae iaaena?oeaieo ieoaiue oa
ie?aieo aniaeo?a. Eaeaoueny, cie?aia, i?i ??ciini?yiiaaio aeiiii?/io
i?e?iaeo aeaieo yaeu ? i?ioean?a, iniaeeaino? ?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo
no?oeoo?, ui ooieoe?iiothoue. A iaio i?aenenoaiao, iaoai?cie aca?iiae??
? aca?iiiaoiiaeaiiino? aeiaae?caoe?? oa ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? aeui? noaae?? c??eino? oa ?i.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iniiaiith iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? aiae?c oa oai?aoe/ia inieneaiiy
aeina?aeo ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? c oe?eeth aeyaeaiiy
iniiaieo caeiiii??iinoae oa i?iaeai ?? noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo a oiiaao
iiaeeaeaiiy aeiaae?caoe?? na?oiai? aeiiii?ee.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aeeiiaiiy
ianooiieo caaaeaiue:

i?iaiae?coaaoe niaoeeo?/i? nioe?aeuei?, aeiiii?/i? oa iie?oe/i? oiiae,
ca yeeo aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue ? neeaaeo ?aaeueii? iiaeeeaino?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??;

ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iine?aeiai?noue oa ianooii?noue ?icaeoeo aeaiaio?a
iaoai?cio aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??;

aecia/eoe aieiai? ia?aiao?e iiaeae? ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? oa ie?aneeoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ?? aaiethoe?? o c??eo
nenoaio;

aeae?eeoe iniiai? iai?yie aieeao aeiaae?caoe?? ia ?icaeoie
?inoeoooe?eii? iiaoaeiae oa ci?noo ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe??.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia i?aeia?iaeieo
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei aeiaaeueiiai ? ?aa?iiaeueiiai ??ai?a.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noeoii?noue
na?oiainiiaea?nueeeo cayce?a, ui oi?iothoue ?aa?iiaeueia ?ioaa?aoe?eia
ia’?aeiaiiy ?a?iiaenueeee nithc o aca?iiae?? c aeiaaeueieie aeiiii?/ieie
a?aeiineiaie.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia oa oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaoaeiaaii ia iaoiaeieia??, yea aeeth/a? a naaa /ioe?e ??ai?:

ii-ia?oa, aii??e/iee iaoiae. Cie?aia, aoei iienaii i?ioean ?icaeoeo
?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe?? ye a ?noi?e/iiio ieai?, oae ? c oi/ee ci?o
eia?ee iine?aeiaiiai noaiiaeaiiy oi?i aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa. A
?iaio? oaeiae nenoaiaoeciaaii iienothoueny oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
eiie?aoieo oi?i ? cania?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy
ciai?oiueioi?aiai? ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae noaiiaeaiiy oi?i
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??;

ii-ae?oaa, eia?ei-oai?aoe/iee iaoiae. C eiai aeiiiiiaith noaei iiaeeeaei
aeae?eaiiy nooo?aeo neeaaeiaeo i?ioeano ?ioaa?aoe??, iiaa/eoe aiaoii?th
oeueiai i?ioeano ye aca?iiae?th oaeeo eiai aeaiaio?a ye noa’?eoe
(Iaaeiaoe?iiaeuei? ?inoeoooe?? ?a?iiaenueeiai nithco, iaoe?iiaeuei?
aea?aeaae, ?aa?iie). C aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo neioaco c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i
oa, ui eiaeia ianooiia oi?ia ?ioaa?aoe?? ia aeo?niy? iiia?aaeith, a
iaoa?iao? ?? caa?oo;

ii-o?ao?, i?e/eiii-eia?/iee iaoiae. sse naia aeiiii?/ia ?ioaa?aoe?y, oae
? eiie?aoi? oi?ie ?? ?aae?caoe?? iaie ?icaeyaeo?oueny ianaiia?aae c
oi/ee ci?o ?o i?e/eiii? coiiaeaiino?, aeae?eythoueny oa aiae?cothoueny
/eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia ?o ae?th, oa iiaeeea? iane?aeee ca iaaii? ?o
aca?iiae??. Oeae ??aaiue aeicaiey? iiaoaeoaaoe aioo??oi?e iaoai?ci
?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? oa aeae?eeoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? a
aaiethoe?? eiai neeaaeiaeo;

ii-/aoaa?oa, aano?aeoii-oai?aoe/iee iaoiae (noiaeaeaiiy a?ae
aano?aeoiiai aei eiie?aoiiai). Naia c aeiiiiiaith oeueiai iaoiaeo noa?
iiaeeeaei aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??, ye
iine?aeiaia noiaeaeaiiy a?ae i?inoeo aei neeaaeieo ?? oi?i,
eiiieaeni?noue oa iiaiioa caoiae?a ii ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiith. Oeae ??aaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiiaaa? iiaa/eoe i?ioeane ?ioaa?aoe?? ye noia?a/eea? e
iaiaeiicia/i?, ye aaaaoia?aii? e aaaaoiaei??i?. Canoinoaaiiy ooo
ae?aeaeoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aeicaiey? iiaa/eoe ?oo?eio neeo aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe??, iaoai?ci oa iai?yiee ?? ?icaeoeo.

A ?iaio? oaeiae aeei?enoai? iaoiaee niaoe?aeueieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

cae?eniaii eeaneo?eaoe?th aieiaieo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo ?iaeeeaoi??a
?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? noiniaii oiia, ui oi?iothoueny
i?ae c?inoath/ei aieeaii aeiaae?caoe?? na?oiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo
i?ioean?a;

iaa?oioiaaii iieiaeaiiy i?i aeiaaeueio e ?aa?iiaeueio aeiiii?/io
??aiiaaao oa a?aeiia?aei? i?iii?oe??, ye? a?aeia?aaeothoue
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ieie;

aecia/ai? no?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe iaoai?cio aca?iiae?? ? aca?iiaieeao
aeiaae?caoe?? oa ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??;

aeiaaaeaii, ui noai?aiiy ?a?iiaenueeiai aeiiii?/iiai ? aaethoiiai nithco
aaaea aei oi?ioaaiiy ae?oaiai na?oiaiai oeaio?o ?aaoethaaiiy aaethoieo
o?iainiaeo a?aeiinei ? i?ae /an na?oiai? o?iainiai? e?ece ia aeiaaa?
iineeaiiy ?ie? ? cia/aiiy caaaeueiina?oiaeoc ?inoeoooe?e, ui
aenooiathoue e?aaeeoi?aie inoaiiuei? ?inoaioe?? (last resort);

?icaeiooi eiioeaioe?th ii??aiyeueieo ? eiieo?aioieo ia?aaaa a eiioaeno?
oi?ioaaiiy ie?aiiie?noe/ii? eiieo?aioe?? o a?aeiinii caieiooeo
?ioaa?aoe?eieo oa?oioaaiiyo, ui oneeaaeith? i?ioean i?iieeiaiiy ia oae?
?eiee oiaa??a ? iineoa e?a?i-ia/eai?a ia’?aeiaiiy, ?, cie?aia, Oe?a?ie;

aeiaaaeaii, ui c ia?aoiaeii aei ni?eueii? aaethoe ? ao?eaiiyi a aeeooy
iie?oeee eiiaa?aaioe?? caaa?oo?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?y aioo??oi?o ?eie?a
e?a?i-?ioaa?aio?a o ?aeeiee ?a?iiaenueeee ?eiie;

noi?ioeueiaaii ye?ni? ? e?euee?ni? e?eoa???, ye? iieacothoue, ui
ia?ao?ae ?a?iiaenueeiai nithco aei ni?eueii? aaethoe oa iiyaa ?aa?ii?a
ye aeoeaiiai noa’?eoa ?ioaa?aoe?? noaei na?ae/aiiyi caaa?oaiiy iiaoaeiae
i’yoe??aiaai? nenoaie ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??, yea ia?
aeanoeaino? naiia?aeoai?thth/iai noni?eueiiai i?aai?cio;

iieacaii ?a?iiaenueeo aeiiii?/io ?ioaa?aoe?th ye a?aee?eoo nenoaio, yea
i?ae oeneii i?ioeano aeiaae?caoe?? iiiiaith?oueny iiaeie
e?a?iaie-/eaiaie, oeei naiei noai?thth/e iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy
aenoaineaieo /eiiee?a aeey aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ?ioaa?aoe?eiiai
ooai?aiiy;

aeine?aeaeaii, ui ?icai?oaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? aeiaae?caoe?? a oiiaao
aei?noei? na?oiai? eiieo?aioe?? ciooo? e?a?ie ?a?iiaenueeiai nithco
oaeineiiaethaaoe oi?ie oa iaoiaee iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c
iaoith aeei?enoaiiy ?ioaineaieo /eiiee?a aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy
?ioaa?aoe?eiiai ia’?aeiaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Io?eiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe oa aeniiaee,
cie?aia, noiniaii noai?aiiy iaiao?aeieo oa aeinoaoi?o aioo??oi?o
ia?aaeoiia oa i?i iiaeeea?noue aoiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaae o ?icaeiooa
?ioaa?aoe?eia ooai?aiiy eeoa /a?ac iine?aeiaia i?enoinoaaiiy
aioo??oiueiai ?eieo aei ??aiy aeiia ni?eueiiai ?a?iiaenueeiai ?eieo,
ia?aoiaey/e a?ae i?inoeo aei neeaaeieo oi?i aca?iiae??, iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? no?aoaa?? e oaeoeee aoiaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei
?a?iiaenueeiai nithco, aai aei ?ioeo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo ooai?aiue.

Ciaiiy aeae?eaieo o ?iaio? caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo nenoaie aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? a oiiaao aeiaae?caoe?? aeiiiiaaa? aoaeoeaii cae?enithaaoe
i?eioeeie iioeiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a iaiao?aeieo aeey
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

Ie?ai? aniaeoe aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaaaeaeai? i?e aeeeaaeaii? iaa/aeueieo
eo?n?a, ui iia’ycai? c aea/aiiyi i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei oa
i?iaeai i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeiny ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i?
a?aeiineie ?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Eiai iieiaeaiiy oa iniiai? oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee aoee ai?iaiaai? aaoi?ii a
oiae? aeeiiaiiy eaoaae?ith athaeaeaoii? oaie ?97134 eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea “?icaoaeiaa
aea?aeaaiino?” ia 1997-2000 ?iee. Aiie aeiiia?aeaeeny ia: i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “I?aeia?iaeiee a?cian: oai??y oa
oe?a?inueea i?aeoeea”(1996 ?., i. Ee?a) ? “Aaethoii-o?iainia? i?iaeaie
?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? (i?eeeaae Oe?a?ie)” (1998 ?., i. Ee?a);
Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? i?iaeaie ?iaanoeoe?eii?
iie?oeee aea?aeaae” (1997 ?., i. Ee?a). i?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiaiio
n?iiic?oiia? “Aeiiii?/ia oai??y a OO noie?oo?: ?noi??y ? oaiaeaioe??
?icaeoeo ia ceai? aiio” (1997 ?., i. Ee?a).

E??i oiai, oaia, iai?yiee oa ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ieoee
ai?iaaoe?th i?ae /an o/ano? aaoi?a a 22-o ? 23-o i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo
neiiic?oiao a oi?aa?neoao? i. Naio-Aaeeai (Oaaeoea??y) “Beyond 1992”
(1992 ?.) ? “Mobilizing Corporate Energies” (1993 ?.), a oaeiae
iaienaii? oa caoenoo a 1995 ?. iaa?noa?nueei? aeena?oaoe?? ia oaio
“?a?iiaenueea ?ioaa?aoe?y” a iie?oaoi?/iiio ?inoeooo? ? aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? A??aeae?i?? (NOA).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeaii o /ioe?ueio
iniiaieo noaooyo (2,1 ae.a.).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae eia?ea iaoeiaiai iiooeo
aecia/eee no?oeoo?o ?iaioe. Aiia neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a (9 i?ae?icae?e?a), aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
(207 noi??iie).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O “Anooi?” iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, i?iaiae?ciaaii
nooi?iue ?? ?ic?iaeaiiy a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??, aea?oueny oai?aoe/ia oa
iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioeth?oueny iaoa, iniiai?
caaaeaiiy ? iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “ aeine?aeaeaii i?e?iaeo oa iniiai? oi?ie i?iyao
i?ioean?a aeiaae?caoe?? o na?oia?e aeiiii?oe?. Aiia iinoa? ianaiia?aae
ye niiioaiiee i?ioean ia?aieaoaiiy na?oiainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yce?a i?ae
noa’?eoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, o oi?iao aca?iiaieea?a aeiiii?/ieo oeaio??a
na?oo oa aca?iii?iieeiaiue eieaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo,
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo ? ainiiaea?nueeeo i?ioean?a. C?inoaiiy
ianooaa?a oa oneeaaeiaiiy na?oiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yce?a ia?aoai?th?
na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai o ooieoe?iiaeueii aca?iiiia’ycaio oe?e?nio
nenoaio. Oeae i?ioean aeeaiei? o?ainoi?iaoe?? ?ai?oa a?iiey?ii?
no?oeoo?e aaiiie?oe/iiai i?inoi?o o nenoaio aaaaoiiiethniiai na?oo iaaoa
a aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? iacae “aeiaae?caoe?y”. Nueiaiaei? oa?i?i
“aeiaae?caoe?y” ae?aaea? iiao nenoaio eii?aeeiao no/aniiai na?oo, a ye?e
iiaeia oieeiooe eiio?iioaoe?eieo a?aeiineie, aioaaii?noe/iiai
i?ioeai?noaa aeaio na?o?a, aea, naia aiane?aeie oeueiai o no/ani?e
na?oia?e aeiiii?oe? noaea i?iyaeyoeny eiieo?aioe?y i?ae o/i?aoi?ie
ni?eueieeaie.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aea? i?aenoaae c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aeiaae?caoe?y
na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ia? ieceo aca?iiiia’ycaieo i?iya?a: ii-ia?oa, ia
i?iaeoeoiaiio ??ai? — o aeiaaeeo iioe?aiiy noaiaea?oieo oiaa??a ia
na?oiaiio ?eieo; ii-ae?oaa, aeieeiaiiy ia i?e?iaeiiii?/iiio ??ai?
ainiiaea?nueeeo i?aai?ci?a, ye? nai?i ooieoe?iioaaiiyi aeoiaeyoue ca
iaae? iaoe?iiaeueieo ei?aeii?a; ii-o?ao?, ia?aoai?aiiy aea?aeaae i?ae
ae??th iiia?aaei?o i?iya?a aeiaae?caoe?? a aeoeaiiai o/anieea
?aaoethaaiiy na?oiaeo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a; ii-/aoaa?oa, aca?iia
i?iieeiaiiy iao?yaeiaeo, eieaeueieo, iaoe?iiaeueieo oa i?aeia?iaeieo
noni?eueieo i?ioean?a ? aeieeiaiiy ia oe?e iniia? ?ioaa?aoe?eieo
ooai?aiue.

Ca nai?i oa?aeoa?ii i?ioean aeiaae?caoe?? iinoa? ye neooaoe?eia
?icai?oaiiy ai?eciioaeueieo ca’yce?a. Neeaaeia nenoaia ai?eciioaeueieo
oi?iaeueii ??aiii?aaieo a?aeiinei i?ae e?a?iaie na?oo iiae?eaia ia
aaaaoiiiethni? naeoi?e na?oiai? aeiiii?ee a?aeiia?aeii iaoa??aeueieo,
oiaa?ieo, o?iainiaeo oa ?i. iioie?a. No?oeoo?e, ui ooai?ai?
aeiaae?caoe??th, ye?nii a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae aa?oeeaeueii-???a?o?/ieo
no?oeoo?, ui iaioaaee a aei?ioaa?aoe?eiee ia??iae.

Ca iiaeo oiia iaioaaiiy ai?eciioaeueii-??aiii?aaieo a?aeiinei
neeaaeathoueny iia? ni?euei? oe?iiino? (i?aaa ethaeeie, aeieia?/ia
aaciaea, aeiiii?/ia noaa?euei?noue oiui) oa ?ioa?ane, ia iniia? yeeo
neeaaeathoueny aeiaaeuei? oe?e? ae?yeueiino? na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa.

Ca nai?ie iane?aeeaie aeiaae?caoe?y ? noia?a/eeaei ? iaiaeiicia/iei
i?ioeanii. C iaeiiai aieo, aiia ?ice?eaa? ia?niaeoeae aeey
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ? aoyao? e?a?ie na?oo aei aeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
aeinyaiaiue na?oiai? oeea?e?caoe??.

C ?ioiai aieo, aeiaae?caoe?y na?oiai? aeiiii?ee i?enei?th? oaoi?/io,
aeiiii?/io, i?aaiao, noni?eueio o?ainoi?iaoe?th, ui noaaeoue ia?aae
e?a?iaie na?oo neeaaei? i?iaeaie aaeaioaoe?? aei oeueiai aeeiai?/iiai
i?ioeano noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ii? iiaea?i?caoe??. Inoaii? aaciina?aaeiuei
caeaaeeoue a?ae ?iaioe o?yaeiaeo /eiiee?a — ianaiia?aae a?ae oi?iiy
i?aai?coaaoe “iaoe?iiaeueiee eai?oae?ci”.

No/aniee i?ioean aeiaae?caoe?? na?oiaiai ainiiaea?noaa o ii??aiyii? c
80-ie ?ieaie ia? ye?nii iia? ?ene:

ii-ia?oa, i?ney ?iciaaeo N?N? o na?oia?e aeiiii?/i?e nenoai? ana a?eueoa
e?euee?noue e?a?i aei?noei aeeth/ai? aei nenoaie na?oiainiiaea?nueeeo
ca’yce?a;

ii-ae?oaa, e?aa?ae?caoe?y ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a oa
i?aeia?iaeieo ?ic?aooie?a ioiieth? cia/io a?eueo?noue e?a?i;

ii-o?ao?, ana oe?oa aeei?enoiaothoueny ?aeei? aeey an?o e?a?i noaiaea?oe
ia oaoiieia?th, caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ae?yeuei?noue
o?iainiaeo ?inoeooo?a, aooaaeoa?nueeo ca?oi?noue, iaoe?iiaeueio
noaoenoeeo oa ?i. Oe? noaiaea?oe iioe?ththoueny ia ina?oo oa eoeueoo?o;

ii-/aoaa?oa, /a?ac i?aai?caoe?? (IAO, AOI oa ?i.) ai?iaaaeaeothoueny
iaeiaeia? e?eoa??? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, a?aeaoaathoueny
oi?o?eaoe?y aeiia aei iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee, aei iie?oeee o aaeoc?
caeiyoino? oa ?i.

Ca iiaeo oiia a?aenooiino? eiio?iioaoe?eiiai i?ioenoiyiiy aeaio na?o?a o
i?ioean? aeiaae?caoe?? i?iaeyaeathoueny aea? oaiaeaioe??. C iaeiiai
aieo, o na?oia?e aeiiii?oe? a?aeaoaa?oueny iineeaiiy iiceoe?e NOA:

n NOA iaa’yco? nai? noaiaea?oe a on?o aaeocyo: a?ae i?aaee caiice/aiue
ia o?iainiaeo ?eieao aei e?iia?ciano oa ina?oe (oae, iai?eeeaae, aeeieii
aia?eeainueeeo oi?aa?neoao?a — aieiaiee e?eoa??e i?eeiio ia ?iaioo a OIE
? i?aeia?iaei? i?aai?caoe??);

n aia?eeaioe? c aeia?aaeaeaiiyi i?iaiaeyoue iiaee aoai no?oeoo?ii?
ia?aaoaeiae, aeo?a/ath/e a?io? ia ina?oo, iaoeo, ?ioi?iaoeeo,
oaoiieia?th iaeaooiueiai, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy caeaaeiino? a?ae
NOA ?aooe /anoeie na?oo;

n NOA — e?aea? ia aieiaieo iai?yieao iaoee. I?e/iio iiceoe?? NOA o
na?oia?e iaooe? oaeaeoa ca ana ua aeoae/a ci?oeiyoueny, cie?aia ca
?aooiie caeo/aiiy aei e?a?ie caei?aeiiii? iaoeiai? ae?oe, aeei?enoaiiy
aeine?aeieoeueeiai iioaioe?aeo caei?aeiiieo o?e?ae?a aia?eeainueeeo
ei?ii?aoe?e, i?ia?ai i?aeia?iaeiiai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

C ?ioiai aieo, oi?io?oueny aeiiii?/iee iie?oeaio?eci, eiioeaio?iaa-iei
ae?aaeaiiyi yeiai ? iaaa?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?/ia ?ioaa?aoe?y, ui
neoaeeoue iaeiei ?c iiooaeieo cania?a i?ioenoiyiiy aieeao NOA ia na?oia?
?eiee.

sse ?aaoeueiaaiee i?ioean aeei?enoaiiy oiia aeiaae?caoe?? aeey
oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ae?iaeaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
aeiiii?/ia ?ioaa?aoe?y noaea caniaii i?aai?caoe?? aeiiii?/iiai
aii?yaeeoaaiiy i?ioeano aeiaae?caoe?? ia iaaa?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaaa na?oiaiai iiae?eo i?aoe?. Oaeee iiaeyae ia
i?e?iaeo oa iniiaia caaaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? nooo?ai
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iiaeyae?a ia oe? aniaeoe ?ioaa?aoe??, ui aaea
onoiyeeny o a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo??. Oae o i?ae?o/ieeo “I?aeia?iaei?
aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie” (-E.: Eea?aeue, 1992, n.212-215) iaeei ?c aaoi??a
— I.I.Ii?ioaiei aaaaea?, ui “i?iaeoeoeai? neee iaieio/a iaaoaathoue
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o”, a inoaii?e ciaoiaeeoue na?e ?icaeoie ?
oi?io i?iyao o “i?aeia?iaei?e aeiiii?/i?e ?ioaa?aoe??”. Ooo aaoi?
aeae?ey? ieceo ia’?eoeaieo oa noa’?eoeaieo ia?aaeoiia ?ioaa?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a. Aei ieo a?i a?aeiineoue: 1) no/anio iaoeiai-oaoi?/io
?aaiethoe?th; 2) nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io iaeii??aei?noue iaoe?iiaeueieo
ainiiaea?noa; 3) aenie? oa aeecuee? ??ai? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?i;
4) o?eaaeee ia??iae ? aeina?ae aca?iiiai aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
a?oi e?a?i; 5) oe?eani?yiiaaia ae?yeuei?noue nioe?aeueieo a?oi oa
eean?a, ia?o?e, caeiiiaeaa/eo ? aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a e?a?i, uiaei ?icaeoeo
aeania ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a. Aeae?eai? aaoi?ii “ia?aaeoiiae”,
ca?nii, iathoue a?aeiioaiiy aei ?ioaa?aoe??, aea aiie ia iiaeooue aooe
aeinoaoi?ie, ai caa?oathoue oaaao eeoa ia ?noi?eei-aoe/iee ?? c??c ? ia
a?aoiaothoue i? i?e?iaee oeueiai yaeua, i? eiai oe?eueiai?
ci???ioiaaiino?, i? oeo aeiiii?/ieo oiia, ca yeeo oaea ?ioaa?aoe?y noa?
aca?iiaea?aeiith.

Aieiaia iaoa aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? — nie?ath/enue ia noai?aiee
ni?eueiee ?eiie iaeneiaeueii aeoea?coaaoe aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee e?a?i
iaaa?aa?iio ?c na?oiaei ?eieii ia ??aiii?aai?e ? aca?iiaea?aei?e iniia?.

sseui iaiao?aei? ia?aaeoiiae caaacia/othoueny i?ioeanaie aeiaae?caoe??,
oi aeinoaoi? oiiae aeey i?aeia?iaeii? ?ioaa?aoe?? caaacia/o?oueny
aeiiii?/iei noaiii ci???ioiaaieo ia ia? e?a?i. Aiae?c na?oiaiai
aeina?aeo aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? ?, cie?aia, aeina?ae ?a?iiaenueei?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? iieaco?, ui aeey oni?oii? ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? iaiao?aeia ua i?enooi?noue “aeinoaoi?o”
aeiiii?/ieo oa noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo ia?aaeoiia:

-iayai?noue o e?a?iao-o/anieoeyo aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? aeinoaoiuei
?icaeiaieo aioo??oi?o ?eie?a;

-ae?y oaiaeaioe?? aei i?aeianaiiy aeiiii?e e?a?i-o/anieoeue;

-ci???ioiaai?noue ?ioaa?aoe?eieo ca’yce?a ia i?aeo?eiaiiy a?aee?eoiai,
??aiii?aaiiai oa aca?iiaea?aeiiai ia?oia?noaa;

-ciaoiaeaeaiiy i?e aeaae? o e?a?iao-ia?oia?ao iaeiioeiieo aeaiie?aoe/ieo
?aaeei?a.

Aeae?eaiiy aioo??oiueiai ?eieo ye ia?aaeoiiae aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??
iiai?noth noia?a/eoue ?nioth/ei na?aae aeiiii?no?a iiaeyaeai ia
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeeo yaeu. Iai?eeeaae, a aacao? “Aeaiue” (?45 a?ae 12
aa?aciy 1999 ?., n.4) o noaoo? “*e noaia Oe?a?ia eiio?iioaoe?eiith
aea?aeaaith?” aaoi? — ae.a.i. I.A.Ieioi?eia — ioe?ith? i?iaieioaio
I?aceaeaioii Oe?a?ie ia c’?cae? ONII “ci?io iiaeae?” c i???ioaoe??th ia
aioo??oi?e ?eiie, ye ia?ao?ae ia oeyo “caieiaii? aeiiii?ee”. Ioaea, a
aaoi?a aeoiaeeoue — aai “a?aee?eoa aeiiii?ea”, aai “aioo??oi?e ?eiie”.
Oiaoi ?iaeoueny ?o aca?iiaeeeth/aiiy. Aeina?ae aea e?a?i ?a?iiaenueei?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? na?ae/eoue i?i i?ioeeaaeia: oe? e?a?ie aoiaeeee
a ?ioaa?aoe?ei? ca’ycee ia i?inoi ie?aieie o??iaie, a nai?ie aioo??oi?ie
?eieaie. sseui e?a?ia ni?iao? “c?ioaa?oaaoeny” aac iiaiioe?iiiai
aioo??oiueiai ?eieo, oi ?? aeiiii?/iee iioaioe?ae aoaea i?inoi
iiaeeiaiei “?ioaa?aoe?eiei” ?iii?oii, ye oea nueiaiaei? ie aa/eii a
Oe?a?i?.

Ca a?aenooiino? iaei??? c iacaaieo aeinoaoi?o ia?aaeoiia ae?? i?ioean
aeac?ioaa?aoe??. Ca ?noi?e/ieo ianoaaei, ye? neeaeeny o ?aaeyinueeiio
Nithc? ia ii/aoie 90-o ?ie?a, aoee a?aenooi? an? iacaai? aeinoaoi?
oiiae, ui iaieio/a i?ecaaei aei aeac?ioaa?aoe?? ye aeiiii?/ii?, oae ?
iie?oe/ii? nenoai.

Ianooiiee aeniiaie, ui aea? aeina?ae ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe??, iia’ycaiee c aecia/aiiyi iine?aeiaiino? ?icaeoeo oi?i
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??. A aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? iaceaathoueny ye
ii/aoeiaa oaea oi?ia, — a?eueia oi?a?aey. Ianooiiith oi?iith aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? iaceaa?oueny ieoiee nithc. Neeaaei?oith, aea iaieio/ith
oi?iith noa? ieao?aeiee nithc. Caaa?oaeueiith oi?iith aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? noa? ni?eueiee ?eiie, yeee iaaoa i?aai?caoe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy
o aeaeyae? ?a?iiaenueeiai nithco.

Aeina?ae ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? na?ae/eoue, ui aaiethoe?y
?? oi?i a?aeaoaa?oueny eeoa a?ae i?inoeo oi?i aei neeaaeieo, a ia
iaaiaee, ye oea oyaey?oueny aeayeei aeine?aeieeai oa iie?oeeai a e?a?iao
NIAe. Naia caaaeyee oaeiio iine?aeiaiiio iaoa?iaoaaiith eiaeii?
ianooiii? neeaaei?oi? oi?ie ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ia iiia?aaeith i?ino?oo
aeaoaeiao?oueny ye?nii iiaee aeiiii?/iee i?aai?ci, ui ?icoe?th?
iiaeeeaino? o caaacia/aii? ??aiii?aaieo oa aca?iiaea?aeieo ia?oia?nueeeo
a?aeiinei.

A?aecia/ath/e iie?oe/ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, aca?iia iie?oe/ia aeia??’y
aea?aeaa o i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy ?ioaa?aoe?eiiai ia’?aeiaiiy, iaiao?aeii
aeae?eeoe ca’ycie i?ioean?a aeiiii?/iiai ? iie?oe/iiai caeeaeaiiy, ca
yeiai eiaei?e iia?e noaae?? aeiiii?/iiai caeeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aea? ? iiaa
a?oa a caeeaeaii? iie?oe/iiio. A?eueoa oiai: ia?ao?ae a?ae iaei???
noaae?? aeiiii?/iiai caeeaeaiiy aei ?ioi? i?inoi iaiiaeeeaee aac
iie?oe/iiai caeeaeaiiy i?ae e?a?iaie-/eaiaie a?aeiia?aeiiai ia’?aeiaiiy.
I?e oeueiio aaaeeeai i?aee?aneeoe, ui aeacaia caeeaeaiiy ae?aaea?oueny
ia a ?aciaeo iie?oe/ieo eiioaeoao, a a oi?ioaaii? no?eei? aaiiie?oe/ii?
ni?eueiino? i?ae a?oiaie aea?aeaa c? noiaeeie aaiiie?oe/ieie oe?eyie oa
?ioa?anaie.

Iaoai?ci i?aai?caoe?? oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
aeaoaeiao?oueny c aeiiiiiaith ?inoeoooe?eii-i?aai?caoe?eieo
?ino?oiaioa???a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeaii i?ioeane aeic??aaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? ye caaa?oaii? nenoaie. Aea/aiiy aioo??oi?o i?ioean?a
ia?aoai?aiiy aioo??oi?o ?eie?a e?a?i-o/anieoeue ?a?iiaenueei?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? o ni?eueiee ?eiie oa ie?aneaiiy eiea eiai
iniiaieo noa’?eo?a aea? ciiao iiaoaeoaaoe i?eioeeiiao iiaeaeue no/anii?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??, yea aeeth/a? i’youe ??ai?a ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa:

ia?oee ??aaiue — ?oo?eiee, yeee a iaea?eueo?e i??? i?aeii?yaeeiao? nai?
ae?? aeiiaai aeiaae?caoe?? — oea i?e?i??aaiue. Iniiaieie eiai noa’?eoaie
aenooiathoue o??ie, ei?ii?aoe?? oa o?ainiaoe?iiaeuei? ei?ii?aoe?? — nai?
aeoeai? o/anieee i?ioeano aeiaae?caoe??. ?o noni?eueia ci???ioiaai?noue
iieyaa? a oiio, uia oeyoii i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? aeinyaoe
aeanii? aeaiaee /a?ac caaeiaieaiiy nai?ie iineoaaie
noni?eueii-iaiao?aeieo iio?aa;

ae?oaee ??aaiue — iaci?aa?iiaeueiee. Iaci?aa?iie aeie?aieth?oueny i?ae
ae??th iniaeeaeo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo, aaia?ao?/ieo /e aoii-?noi?e/ieo
oiia, ye? aeiaaathoue i?enoinoaaiiy aei naaa ?nioth/iai ?eieiaiai
na?aaeiaeua. Naia c?inoaiiy ?ie? iaaeiiii?/ieo ?aa?iiaeueieo /eiiee?a o
caaacia/aii? a no/anieo oiiaao oni?oo o i?aei?e?iieoeuee?e ae?yeueiino?
ii?iaeaeo? oe?eo nenoaio noia?a/iinoae, ye? neeaeeny o ?a?iiaenueeiio
nithc?;

o?ao?e ??aaiue — iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiee. A iaaeaeaeiio ieioeiio
?aeeiee ?aaoethth/ee oa eii?aeeioth/ee oeaio? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
e?a?i ia??iaeo ?icea?oo ?iaeono??ae?caoe??. sse?ni? c?ooaiiy, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny a aeiiii?/ieo nenoaiao ?icaeiooeo ?eieiaeo aea?aeaa,
aeiaaathoue a?aeiiae a?ae oaei? iiiiiie?? Oiio a no/anieo oiiaao ?aea
ia?a?iciiae?e ?aaoethth/eo ooieoe?e i?ae aea?aeaaaie, ye noa’?eoaie
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??. Caaaeyee eiio ca aea?aeaaith caeeoa?oueny
aaeeeee oa aaaeeeaee ianya ?ia?o, yeee ia na?ae/eoue i?i ??
“a?aeie?aiiy”;

/aoaa?oee ??aaiue — iaaa?aa?iiaeueiee. Iaaeiaoe?iiaeueia
noni?eueii-?ioaa?aoe?eia ooai?aiiy, ui aeicaiey? ?ica’ycoaaoe i?iaeaie
ae?iaie/i? eiiia?aoe??, ?eie?a ae?iaie/eo oa o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, a
oaeiae aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia i?aeaea?aeaaiiio ??ai? ia aecia/aieo a
i?aeaea?aeaaieo aeiaiai?ao oiiaao oa ia ie?aneai?e a ieo oa?eoi???;

i’yoee ??aaiue — na?oiaee. Naia ia oeueiio ??ai? ciaoiaeeoue nai?
inoaoi/ia aeiiii?/ia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?ioaa?aoe?eia ooai?aiiy: caaaeyee
nai?io aaeaeiio aeeth/aiith o na?oiaee iiae?e i?aoe? oa aea?aei?e
eiieo?aioi?e iiceoe??.

Oaeei /eiii, i?ioean aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny ia
aeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiiio ??ai? caaaeyee i?aai?/i?e aca?iiae?? an?o
aeae?eaieo ??ai?a, a ye?e eiaeiee c ieo a?ae?a?a? nai? i?eei ia cai?iei?
ooieoe??. Na?e caaa?oaiee aeaeyae iienaia iiaeaeue aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? iaaoaea c? noai?aiiyi aaethoiiai nithco. Naia caaaeyee
inoaiiueiio ?aeeiee aeiiii?/iee ?ioaa?aoe?eiee i?ino?? iaaoaea ?en
ni?eueiiai ?eieo c oa?aeoa?ieie eiio oe?euei?noth,
naiia?aeoai?thaai?noth oa iaeaaeiith aeeiai?/iinoth.

Neeaaei?noue oa iaiaeiicia/i?noue ?icaeoeo iaoai?cio ?a?iiaenueei?
?ioaa?aoe?? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iaaaeaeaaoiei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi eiai
aeanoeainoae o iaoeia?e oa ioae?oeenoe/i?e e?oa?aoo??, a oaeiae o
iiaeyaeao iie?oee?a oa aeiiii?no?a. Oaea “iaaaeaeaaoi?noue”
ae?aaea?oueny ianaiia?aae o aaniethoiiio i?ioenoaaeaii? oaeeo noa’?eo?a
?ioaa?aoe??, ye iaaeiaoe?iiaeuei? e ?aa?iiaeuei? ooai?aiiy — c iaeiiai
aieo, oa iaoe?iiaeuei? aea?aeaae — c ?ioiai. Ca eia?eith oaeiai
i?ioenoaaeaiiy aeoiaeeoue, ui ?icaeoie iaaeiaoe?iiaeueieo oa
?aa?iiaeueieo ooai?aiue a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie “a?aeie?aiiy” ooieoe?e
iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae. I?aeoeea ae ?icaeoeo ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? na?ae/eoue i?i i?ioeeaaeia — naia aeoeaia ?ioaa?aoe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue iaoe?iiaeueieo aea?aeaa caaacia/o? iinooiaeueiee ?icaeoie
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? /a?ac oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? an?o ??
noa’?eo?a: i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo?, ?aa?iiaeueieo e
iaaeiaoe?iiaeueieo ooai?aiue ? naieo iaoe?iiaeueieo aea?aeaa. Cie?aia,
i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c i?aeoeee ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?, a oaeiae
i?aeo?eiaiiy ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaiai ?aaeeio a?aeiinii ?ioeo e?a?i iieacaa
aaeeeo ?ieue aea?aeaae a oeeo i?ioeanao. ?aeei? i?aaeea ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy
ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaiai ?aaeeio ca aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieie ii e?a?iao-/eaiao ?N
ieoieo oa?eoao noai?th? oe?eueio e iaeii/anii aio/eo nenoaio oi?aae?iiy
ciai?oiueith oi?a?aeath. Ca?aene c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui iaoe?iiaeueia
aea?aeaaa o neeaae? ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco a?ae?a?a? aeoeaio ?aaoethth/o
?ieue, i?aeoe/ii ia?aoai?eaoenue o aeeiiaa/ee i?aai ?N. Oiio i? i?i yea
“a?aeie?aiiy” ooieoe?e iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae ia iiaea aooe e iiae.
Aeua iaaaaeai? oaeoe/i? aeai? na?ae/aoue eeoa i?i ci?uaiiy (/e oai —
ia?a?iciiae?e) o ?? ooieoe?yo, a ia i?i ?o “a?aeie?aiiy”.

Ioaea, cao?aeii?a?iiaenueea ?ioaa?aoe?y yaey? niaith neioac
i?aei?e?iieoeueeiai, ?aa?iiaeueiiai, aea?aeaaiiai oa iaaeiaoe?iiaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy. Ca oeeo oiia iaoe?iiaeuei? aea?aeaae caeeoathoueny
aaciaeie noa’?eoaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy, aea iaai? ?o ooieoe?? iiaeeo?eoaaeeny — ia?ai???iooaaeeny
ia i?aeaea?aeaai? noinoiee. *a?ac aea?aeaai? noa?e ?aaoethaaiiy
oi?iothoueny ?inoeoooe ? i?aaie Nithco, ui neeaaeathoue iniiaio eaieo a
iiaoaeia? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??. Ianooiiei
neeaaeiaei aeaiaioii iiaeae? ? ?aa?iiaeuei? ooai?aiiy.

Oaei? no?oeoo?e e ?icaeoeo ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy aeiaaathoue neeaaei?noue
oa ianooaai?noue i?ioean?a aeiaae?caoe??. Iio?aaa i?enoinoaaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy ?ioaa?aoe?eiei ooai?aiiyi aei ??aiy oa ianooaaiino? i?ioean?a
aeiaae?caoe?? aeeeeea?oueny oei, ui oi?aaeyoe ieie naii?aaoethth/ee
?eiie a?eueii? eiieo?aioe?? oaea iani?iiiaeiee.

Oa’ycaoe ?a?iiaenueea ?ioaa?aoe?eia ooai?aiiy a ?aeeia i?aai?/ia oe?ea
iieeeeaiee ?a?iiaenueeee aaethoiee nithc, ui iiaoaeiaaiee ia ni?euei?e
a?ioia?e iaeeieoe?. Noai?aiiy aaethoiiai nithco o ?a?ii? caaa?oo?
?inoeoooe?eio ?icaoaeiao ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? oa
noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo ia?aaeoiia ia?aoai?aiiy ?? a i?aai?/ii
oe?eueio caaa?oaio nenoaio. Naia aeio?eiaiiy ia?aiao??a o?iainiai?
eiiaa?aaioe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy ni?eueii? a?ioiai-e?aaeeoii?, iiaeaoeiai?
oa athaeaeaoii? iie?oeee noeioeth? e?a?ie-o/anieoe? ?a?iiaenueeiai
nithco i?iaiaeeoe caoiaee c i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa
iaeaaeiiai nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo, oiaoi — aei inoaoi/ii? o?ainoi?iaoe??
iaoe?iiaeueieo aioo??oi?o ?eie?a o ni?eueiee aioo??oi?e ?eiie.

Iiaa ni?eueia aaethoa noaea iaiao?aeiith ia?aaeoiiaith aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ?a?iiaenueeiai ?ioaa?aoe?eiiai ooai?aiiy. Aiia
ni?eyoeia anoaiiaeaiith iie?oe/ii? ??aiiaaae ia o?eueee a ?aa?ii?, aea e
o na?o?, a oaeiae iaaeanoue iiaeo iiaeeeainoae aeey ?iaanooaaiiy,
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ? caeiyoino?. Cae?i/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy ?AN ?
iaea?eueo aaaeeeaei i?iaeoii ?aoi?ioaaiiy ?a?iie o iaeaeeae/? ?iee, ai
aoaeoeaia ae?yeuei?noue o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo ?inoeooo?a ia? aaeeea
cia/aiiy aeey oni?oiiai caaa?oaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano.

Ioaea, c ia?aoiaeii ia ni?eueio aaethoo iiaeaeue ?a?iiaenueei?
?ioaa?aoe?? iaaoaa? nai?? caaa?oaiino?, a ?aaeueia nenoaia aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? iaaoaa? aeanoeaino? naiia?aeoai?aiiy e naiioaeineiiaeaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeothoueny iniiai? iai?yiee ye?niiai oa
e?euee?niiai oaeineiiaeaiiy ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??, ui
aeeeeea?oueny iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith aeiaae?caoe??th. sse?niee ?icaeoie
?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny ianaiia?aae o
iai?yieo ?inoeoooe?eiiai oaeineiiaeaiiy, aeieeiaiiy iiaeo oi?i oa
niinia?a iaoeiai-oaoiieia?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae
e?a?iaie-o/anieeaie. Ana oea ciaoiaeyoue nai? eiioeaio?iaaia ae?aaeaiiy
o iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?ioaa?aoe??.

Caeiie aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ? noia?a/eeaeie ca nai?th noooth ? ca
iaoai?ciii cae?eniaiiy, oiio caaaeaee iio?aaothoue oeo ?aca?a?a, ye?
aeathoue e?euee?ni? ci?ie a aeiiii?/i?e nenoai?. Oae? e?euee?ni? ci?ie
a?aeaoaathoueny o aeaeyae? ca?eueoaiiy o/aniee?a ?a?iiaenueei?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??.

?icaeoie ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny o o?ueio
ianooiieo iai?yieao:

ii-ia?oa, iiaoaeiaa i?aeaea?aeaaieo ?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo ooai?aiue;

ii-ae?oaa, oaeineiiaeaiiy ci?noo oa ia’?eoo ?ioaa?aoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
i?ae oeneii aeiaae?caoe?? o aaeoc? iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa;

ii-o?ao?, oa?eoi??aeueia ?icoe?aiiy ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy o/aniee?a
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??. Oaea ?icoe?aiiy aeicaiey? aeei?enoaoe ?aca?ae
aenoaineaiiai ?icaeoeo, a oaeiae aeiiiaieoe ?nioth/ee ae?iaie/ee
eiiieaen c a?aeiinii iaioeie o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie.

Ioaea, no/aniee ?icaeoie ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??
a?aeaoaa?oueny ye a ye?nieo, oae ? e?euee?nieo ia?aiao?ao. sse?ni? ci?ie
a i?aai?caoe?? ?a?iiaenueeiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a neeaae? i?iaeoeoeaieo
nee c?ioaa?iaaieo e?a?i, a oaeiae o ae?iaethaai?e i?iaeoeoe?? oa
iineoaao a iaea?eueo eiioeaio?iaaiiio aeaeyae? ae?aaeathoueny a
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?ioaa?aoe??. Naia ia ?? iniia? ae?iaie/ee iioaioe?ae
?a?iiaenueeiai nithco ia?aoai?th?oueny a aeeiai?/iee eiiieaen
aenieioaoiieia?/ieo aaeocae.

E?euee?ni? ci?ie caaacia/othoueny i?e?aeiaiiyi aei ?a?iiaenueeiai nithco
iiaeo /eai?a c /enea ?eieiaeo oa iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?i. Cae/aeii,
oaea i?e?aeiaiiy iioaioe?eia ye iiceoeaieie, oae ? iaaaoeaieie
iane?aeeaie. I?e/iio, o nai?e a?eueoino?, iaaaoeai? iane?aeee iinyoue
ei?ioeio?eaaeee oa?aeoa?, yeee iie?eaa?oueny iiceoeaieie aeiaaio?eaaeeie
iane?aeeaie, i?ioa inoaii? iio?aaothoue cia/ieo aeeaaeaiue ye i?aoe?,
oae ? eai?oaeo, a oaeiae ianooaaieo i?aai?caoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue.

I?e?aeiaiiy No?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo aea?aeaa aei ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco, c
iaeiiai aieo — noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae aeey oe?oiai aeei?enoaiiy
?a?iiaenueeei nithcii aenoaineaieo /eiiee?a ?icaeoeo, a c ?ioiai aieo,
ia?ao?ae ia eiai oi?aiai-iie?oe/iee ?aaeei ?iaeoue a?eueiei aeinooi
no?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo oiaa??a oa iineoa aei ni?eueiiai ?a?iiaenueeiai
?eieo. Oea, aacoiiaii, aeanoue iiceoeai? aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee. Aaeaea
cieaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ieoieo oa?eo?a o oeo e?a?iao, ui
i?e?aeiothoueny, aei ??aiy ieoiiai oa?eoo ?N, iaieio/a i?eaaaea aei
cieaeaiiy oe?i ia oiaa?e a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a cia/eoue
i?aeaeueoue ?o eiieo?aioiicaeaoi?noue.

A oe?eiio e?euee?niee i?e??no iiaeo /eai?a ?a?iiaenueeiai nithco, c
iaeiiai aieo, aeeeeea? iio?aao o ia?iuoaaii? iaaeiaoe?iiaeueiiai
ath?ie?aoe/iiai aia?aoo c? an?ia iaaaoeaieie iane?aeeaie, a c ?ioiai
aieo — a?i aeiiiiaaa? anoaiiaeoe ?aeeia ? ia?aaeaa/oaaia ?aaoethaaiiy
o?aiceoo, ?a?iiaenuee? noaiaea?oe, niiniae, caniae oa oi?ie ieaoaae?a oa
?io? aaaeeea? aeaiaioe ?eieo. Ana oea, aacoiiaii, ni?eyoeia
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue o iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?eao iiaeo
/eai?a ?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe??, a oaeiae ?o i?eeo/aiith aei
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?ioean?a aeiaae?caoe??. Oiaoi, ?icoe?aiiy eiea
o/aniee?a aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? ? noia?a/eeaei ca nai?i ci?noii.

Ia?niaeoeai?noue ? i???ioiaai?noue ia ??aiii?aai?noue oa aca?iio aeaiaeo
ia?oia??a ii ?ioaa?aoe?? a?aee?eaa? aeey Oe?a?ie ia?niaeoeao aeey
caeeaeaiiy aei ia? c ianooiiei aoiaeaeaiiyi aei oeueiai ni?eueiiai iiey
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?ioeano aeiaae?caoe?? aeey aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy.

Aeae?eai? oeyoe ?icaeoeo ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? ? oeie
iaiao?aeieie iai?yieaie i?eeeaaeaiiy coneeue Oe?a?ie o ni?aa?
i?e?aeiaiiy aei ni?eueiiai ?a?iiaenueeiai ?eieo. C iaeiiai aieo,
niinoa??aa?oueny oaoi?/ia e oaoiieia?/ia a?aenoaaaiiy Oe?a?ie a?ae
“noaiaea?o?a” ?a?iiaenueeiai nithco, a c ?ioiai — iayai?noue a ia?
eaae?iaiai iaoeiaiai oa ?iaeaia?iiai iioaioe?aeo ?iaeoue aeooaeueiith oa
iiaeeeaith o/anoue Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?ioaa?aoe??
ia ??ai? aca?iiaea?aeieo ia?oia?nueeeo ca’yce?a.

Oiaoi, noai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? ?icaeiaiiai aioo??oiueiai ?eieo oa
aeinyaiaiiy oaiaeaioe?? aei aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy c?iaeoue ?aaeueiei ??
i?e?aeiaiiy aei ?ioaa?aoe?eieo ooai?aiue ia i?aaao anioe?aoeaiiai /eaia.
?icoe?aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c e?a?iaie-/eaiaie
?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe??, i?aeoyaiaiiy aioo??oi?o aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a aei ??aiy ?a?iiaenueeeo noaiaea?o?a — oea iniiai? iai?yiee a
ae?yeueiino? o?yaeiaeo oa ae?eiaeo e?e Oe?a?ie o ni?aa? ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo e?a?ie, eiai ia?ai???ioaoe?? ia caaeiaieaiiy
iio?aa ianaeaiiy oa i?aeiyooy eiai aeeoo?aiai ??aiy.

Oaeei /eiii, i?ioeane i?iieeiaiiy a Oe?a?io i?ioeano aeiaae?caoe??
na?oiai? aeiiii?ee iaoiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue ?? aoiaeaeaiiy aei
?a?iiaenueeiai nithco. Eeoa ca oaei? oiiae oe?a?inueea i?aei?e?iieoeoai
ciiaea noaoe ??aiii?aaiei ia?oia?ii ia na?oiaiio ?eieo. Aoiaeaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie aei ?N aeiiiiiaea aeeoe ia na?oia? i?aaia?, aeiiii?/i?, oaoi?/i?
oa oaoiieia?/i? noaiaea?oe, aac yeeo iaiiaeeeai i?aeo?eioaaoe
aca?iiaea?aei? aeiiii?/i? noinoiee.

?IAIOE, ssE? AOEE IIOAE?EIAAI? CA ?ACOEUeOAOAIE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

1. Analysis of economic causes of european integration.//Ca. iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei”. Aei. 2, /ano. ??.
-E., 1996, n.15-20 (0,5 ae.a.).

2. O?e?iaiei A.N., E?aaeenia I.A. Na?aaeiaeua a i?aeia?iaeiiio a?cian?.
//A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea. Aei. 6. -E.: Aeae.
Iie?a?ao.oeaio? “Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao”, 1997, n.127-133 (0,5 ae.a.).

3. I?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy ?a?iiaenueeiai aaethoiiai nithco.//Ca. iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei”. Aei.7, /ano. ???.
-E., 1998, n.138-148 (0,6 ae.a.).

AIIOAOe?ss

E?aae?nia I.A. ?icaeoie ?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe?? a oiiaao aeiaae?caoe??
na?oiai? aeiiii?ee.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.05.01. — Na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai ? i?aeia?iaei?
aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie.

?inoeooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea. — Ee?a, 1999 ?.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny i?e/eiia iaoiiaeai?noue oa iai?yiee
aaiethoe?? ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe??. Aeae?eaii iniiai?
iciaee caaa?oaiiy oi?ioaaiiy ?a?iiaenueei? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? ye
c??ei? nenoaie. Aiae?c i?ioean?a ?ioaa?aoe?? iieacaa, ui aiie
a?aeaoaathoueny ye ?acoeueoao aca?iiae?? i’yoe ??ai?a ai?eciioaeueieo
ca’yce?a: i?e?i??aaiue (o aeaeyae? iino?eieo, aca?iiaea?aeieo noinoie?a
i?ae ae?eiaeie ia?oia?aie c ??cieo e?a?i), iaci??aaiue (?aa?iiaeueiee
a iaaeao iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae), ??aaiue iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae,
iaaa??aaiue (iaaeiaoe?iiaeueiee) oa na?oiaee (aeiaaeueiee) ??aaiue.
Aca?iiae?y oeeo ??ai?a ii aa?oeeae? ia? noia?a/eeaee oa?aeoa?, ine?eueee
a i?e ii?aeiothoueny ye iaeiiiai?aaeai?, oae i?ioeeaaei? ?ioa?ane ?o
i?aaenoaaiee?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui i?ae oeneii
na?oiai? eiieo?aioe?? oa i?ioean?a aeiaae?caoe?? a ?a?iiaenuee?e
?ioaa?aoe?? a?aeaoaathoueny ye ye?ni?, oae ? e?euee?ni? ci?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiaae?caoe?y, aeiiii?/ia ?ioaa?aoe?y, ?a?iiaenueeee
nithc, aaethoiee nithc, a?eueia oi?a?aey, ieoiee nithc, ieao?aeiee
nithc, ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie, iaaeiaoe?iiaeuei? ?inoeoooe.

E?aaeenia A.A. ?acaeoea aa?iiaeneie eioaa?aoeee a oneiaeyo aeiaaeecaoeee
ie?iaie yeiiiieee.

Aeenna?oaoeeae yaeyaony ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.05.01. — ie?iaia oicyenoai e iaaeaeoia?iaeiua
yeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey.

Einoeooo iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee Eeaaneiai oieaa?neoaoa eiaie Oa?ana
Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999 a.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony i?e/eiiay iaoneiaeaiiinoue e iai?aaeaiey
yaiethoeee aa?iiaeneie yeiiiie/aneie eioaa?aoeee, Auaeaeaiu iniiaiua
i?eciaee caaa?oaiey oi?ie?iaaiey aa?iiaeneie yeiiiie/aneie eioaa?aoeee
eae c?aeie nenoaiu. Aiaeec i?ioeannia eioaa?aoeee iieacae, /oi iie
i?ienoiaeyo eae ?acoeueoao acaeiiaeaenoaey iyoe o?iaiae ai?eciioaeueiuo
naycae: iee?io?iaaiue (a aeaea iinoiyiiuo, acaeiiauaiaeiuo ioiioaiee
iaaeaeo aeaeiauie ia?oia?aie n ?acee/iuo no?ai), iacio?iaaiue
(?aaeiiaeueiue a i?aaeaeao iaoeeiiaeueiiai ainoaea?noaa), o?iaaiue
iaoeeiiaeueiiai ainoaea?noaa, iaaao?iaaiue (iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiue) e
ie?iaie (aeiaaeueiue) o?iaaiue. Acaeiiaeaenoaea yoeo o?iaiae ii
aa?oeeaee eiaao i?ioeai?a/eaue oa?aeoa?, iineieueeo a iai ninouanoaotho
eae iaeiiiai?aaeaiiua, oae e i?ioeaiiieiaeiua eioa?anu eo
i?aaenoaaeoaeae. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iieacuaatho, /oi iiae
aeaaeaieai ie?iaie eiieo?aioeee e i?ioeannia aeiaaeecaoeee a
yeiiiie/aneie eioaa?aoeee i?ienoiaeyo eae ea/anoaaiiua, oae e
eiee/anoaaiiua eciaiaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeiaaeecaoeey, yeiiiie/aneay eioaa?aoeey, Aa?iiaeneee
nithc, aaethoiue nithc, naiaiaeiay oi?aiaey, oaiiaeaiiue nithc,
ieaoaaeiue nithc, ?aaeiiaeueiue ?uiie, iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiua einoeooou.

Kredisov A.A. Development of European Integration under Globalization of
the World Economy.

Dissertation is a manuscript.

Dissertation for Ph.D. in Economics with major in 08.05.01. World
Economics and International Relations.

Institute of International Relations of Kyiv University named after
Taras Shevehenko, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation examines necessary conditions and direction of
development of European economic integration. Main features of mature
and complete European economic integration are highlighted. Integration
processes are explained as result of development of following levels of
relations: micro level (relations among business entities in various
countries), mczo level (inter regional relationships within one
country), level of national states, mega level (sub national level), and
world-wide global level. Interrelationships among these level of
relations are controversial. Results of the dissertation prove that
under pressures of world competition and economic globalization there
are new qualitative and quantitative changes.

Key words: globalization, economic integration, European Union, free
trade, customs union, payment clearing union, regional market, sub
national institutions.

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