Розробка методів контролю деметалізації виноматеріалів на основі закономірностей трансформації форм заліза: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / Н.В. Гн

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO AEIIA?AAeO ? AEIA «IAAA?A*»

AIEEIIAAeIAA Iiiia Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE 663.256.15::546.72.008.6

?IC?IAEA IAOIAe?A EIIO?IETH AeAIAOAE?CAOe?? AEIIIAOA??AE?A IA INIIA?
CAEIIII??IINOAE O?AINOI?IAOe?? OI?I CAE?CA

05.18.07 — Oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

sseoa — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia i?ioyaii 1995-1999 ??. a ?inoeooo? aeiia?aaeo ? aeia
«Iaaa?a/», OAAI.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

AA?AEEEIAA A?EOI??ss A?EAI??AIA,

?A?A «Iaaa?a/»,

caa. a?aeae?eii o?i??? ?
a?io?i??? aeia

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
C?I*AIEI AANEEUe ?AAIIAE*,

?A?A «Iaaa?a/», aieiaiee

iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee-eiinoeueoaio

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

AAAAE?IA AEEA EAII?Ae?AIA,

aeicaaiae ?aaeaini-caaiaeo “Aeiia?aaeiee», caa.
ae?iaie/ith eaai?aoi???th

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, eaoaae?a a?ioaoiieia?? i?iaeoeo?a
a?iae?iiy, aeno?aeo?a oa iaii?a,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny _________________ 1999 ?ieo a _____ aiaeei ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae 53.365.02 a ?inoeooo? aeiia?aaeo ?
aeia «Iaaa?a/», OAAI, ca aae?anith: 334200, Aaoiiiiia ?anioae?ea E?ei,
i. sseoa, aoe. E??iaa, 31.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aeiia?aaeo
? aeia «Iaaa?a/».

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?neaiee «___» _______ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

aeieoi?

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo

iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee I.A. sseooeia

29

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. A oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy no/aniiai aeii?iaiiai ?eieo
Oe?a?ie i?aeaeuothoueny aeiiae aei oa?i?i?a noaa?eueiino? aeia, ui
aeiaaa? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a
caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? aeaiaoae?caoe?? c aa?aioiaaiith aeieia?/iith
/enoioith i?iaeoeoo.

Ieoaiiyie aea/aiiy iaoai?cio ooai?aiiy iiiooi?iue ca o/anoth iaoae?a ?
?ic?iaeaie iiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a aeey noaa?e?caoe??
aeiiiaoa??ae?a caeiaeenue A.A. Aaeoeei, A.?. C?i/aiei, N.O.
Iai?iaeiee, N.O. Oth??i, I.A. Oa?ai, M. Kern oa ?i. O?oaeiiu? oe???
i?iaeaie iieyaathoue o a?aenooiino? ia’?eoeaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i noai
cae?ca o aeiiiaoa??aeao, ui ia?aoeiaeaea? i?iaaaeaiith aoaeoeaii?
aeaiaoae?caoe??. Iaoiaee aei?iaoaaiiy aeiiiaoa??ae?a ia noeeuei?noue
aei oa?ioinoaoieo iiiooi?iue, ye? ?niothoue ia oeae /an ca oi/i?noth oa
?ioi?iaoeai?noth ia caaeiaieueiythoue c?inoath/ei aeiiaai aei yeino?
aeiii?iaeoeoe??.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue: iaoith oe?a? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a eiio?ieth
i?ioeano aeaiaoae?caoe?? aeiiiaoa??ae?a ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy
o?ainoi?iaoe?? oi?i cae?ca i?ae /an ?o i?eaiooaaiiy.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue: anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo oi?i
cae?ca a noieiaeo ? i?oeieo aeiiiaoa??aeao ? aeiao; aeine?aeeoe ?ieue
oi?i cae?ca a ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo i?ioeanao; aea/eoe aieea
noaio cae?ca o aeiiiaoa??aeao ia aoaeoeai?noue ?o aeaiaoae?caoe??;
?ic?iaeoe ?ino?oiaioaeueiee iaoiae eiio?ieth ia?iaee AEEN a?eeo oa
/a?aiieo aeiiiaoa??ae?a; ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo aei?iaoaaiiy noeeueiino?
aeiiiaoa??ae?a aei oa?i-oinoaoiiai eano.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia ?iaioe
aoiaeeoue aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?A?A «Iaaa?a/» (N aea?ae.
?a?no?aoe?? 0196UI103242).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aeyaeaii caeiiii??iino? o?ainoi?iaoe?? oi?i cae?ca i?e
ae?iaieoeoa? aeiiiaoa??ae?a, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo c’yniaaii o?e oeie ?o
?iciiae?eo. Anoaiiaeaii iniaeeaino? iaoai?cio oi?ioaaiiy oa?ioinoaoiiai
eano o aeiiiaoa??aeao, ye? iieyaathoue o aecia/aii? a?aie/ieo
eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ii?a cae?ca oa oinoao?a (5,5 ia/aei3 ? 150 ia/aei3
a?aeiia?aeii), noeioethth/i? ae?? a?ee?a oa ?ii?a eae?th ? caoenii?
ae?? iie?naoa?eae?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiiia?aio, yea aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe
eiia??i?noue oa?ioinoaoiiai iiiooi?iiy ia i?aenoaa? ianiai?
eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ii?a cae?ca ? oinoao?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaiaaii noaio eiio?ieth i?ioeana
aeaiaoae?caoe??, yea i?noeoue aea?? aeaiaoae?caoi?a ia i?aenoaa?
?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca, ?ino?oiaioaeueiee iaoiae eiio?ieth ia?iaee AEEN
/a?aiieo ? a?eeo aeiiiaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae aei?iaoaaiiy aeiiiaoa??ae?a ia
noeeuei?noue aei oa?ioinoaoiiai eano, yeee aeeth/aii aei Iaoiaee/ieo
aeac?aie “Ii?aaeaeaiea neeiiiinoe aei e iiiooiaieyi oeceei-oeie/aneiai
oa?aeoa?a”, caoaa?aeaeaieo OAAI 05.09.97. Iaoiaee eiio?ieth
aeaiaoae?caoe?? i?ieoee ai?iaaoe?th i?ioyaii 1996-1998 ??. ia
i?aei?e?inoaao aaeoc?: ?aaeaini-caaiaeao “Aeiia?aaeiee”,
“Noa?ie?einueeee”, AO “Cieioa Aaeea” ? “ Aaoon”, ia’?aeiaii?
“Iaeanaaeii?ii”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iia?aeiieai? ia
can?aeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo aeiia?aaeo ? aeia «Iaaa?a/»
(1996-1999 ??.), eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo (Iineaa-sseoa, 1997 ?.;
sseoa, 1998 ?.), eo?nao oaoiio?i?/iiai oa i?e?ia?iei-a?/iiai eiio?ieth,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ia?aaeao niaoe?ae?no?a aaeoc? (Oa?nii, 1997 ?.;
I?inuee, 1997 ?.; sseoa, 1998 ?.), iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?aae?
Oe?naaeaeii?iio (Ee?a, 1997 -1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ?ia?o.

Ia’?i oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 110
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, i?noeoue, 26 oaaeeoeue, 20 ?enoie?a, 8 aeiaeaoe?a,
nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 160 iaeiaioaaiue.

IA’?EOE ? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee: aeiia?aaei? oa ieiaeiai-ya?aei?
aeiiiaoa??aee ? aeia, iaea?aeai? a oiiaao i?e?iaeii?ianoaa ?
ae?iaieoeoaa ?aaeaini-caaiae?a «Aeiia?aaeiee», «Noa?ie?einueeee», AO
«Cieioa Aaeea» ? Ia?aaea??nueeiai aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa «Iaaa?a/»,
ia?i/i? aeia AAI «Iannaiae?a»; ieiaeiai-ya?aei? aeia oa nie?oiaai?
ieiaeia? niee ?aaeaini-caaiae?a ?i. E.I. Neie?aiea ? «Ia?aaea??’y» A?
E?ei; iiaeaeuei? nenoaie ia iniia? aeiiiaoa??ae?a aai aooa?ii-nie?oiaeo
?ic/ei?a ?c aianaiiyi i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei.

Noaia aenia?eiaioo ia?aaeaa/aea: ioe?ieo noaio cae?ca a noieiaeo ?
e??ieaieo aeiiiaoa??aeao ? aieea ia iueiai oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a;
iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a ieenethaaeueiiai iiei?e/iaa?iiy, oi?ioaaiiy
iaiai?ioieo, iai?ioieo, oa?ioinoaoieo iiiooi?iue ca o/anoth cae?ca oa
i?ia?aeueieo ? i?aai?/ieo eiiiiiaio?a aeia; anoaiiaeaiiy a?aie/ieo
eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ii?a cae?ca ? oinoao?a, ye? iaoiiaeththoue oa?ioinoaoiee
ean; i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiaoae?caoe?? aeiiiaoa??ae?a ? ?ic?iaeo iaoiae?a ??
eiio?ieth.

Aecia/aiiy oi?i cae?ca a a?eeo aeiiiaoa??aeao ? iiaeaeueieo nenoaiao
cae?enithaaee i?oioaiaio?ie?iiaei iaoiaeii (Aa?aeeeiaa, 1997).
Aaeaioiee noai cae?ca o aei? anoaiiaethaaee aaaaeaiiyi a ?aaeoe?eia
na?aaeiaeua a?ae?ien?eai?io aeey ia?aaaaeaiiy Fe (III) a Fe (II) ?
?ic/eio nieyii? eeneioe aeey ?oeioaaiiy eiiieaenieo oi?i.
Eiioeaio?aoe?th eiiieaenieo oi?i cae?ca ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca ??cieoeath
i?ae ai?noii caaaeueiiai cae?ca ? eiai ?iiieo oi?i. Ai?no iaoae?a o
aeiiiaoa??aeao aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith ?iaa?n?eii? aieueoaiia?iiao???
ia i?eeaae? NAA-1AI /e aoiiii-aani?aoe?eii? niaeo?ioioiiao??? ia
i?eeaae? N-115-I1. Aei??thaaiiy iioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeia
cae?enithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith niaeo?i-eiei?eiao?a «Ioeuena?». Aeey
ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeei?enoiaoaaee iaeaoe i?eeeaaeieo
i?ia?ai COPLOT, Harward Grafics.

?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

1. Aea/aiiy o?ainoi?iaoe?? oi?i cae?ca o aeiiiaoa??aeao ?

aeiao

Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio cae?ca o noieiaeo ? e??ieaieo aeiiiaoa??aeao ?
aeiao, ae?iaeaieo c aeiia?aaeo a?eeo ni?o?a, aeicaieeei aeae?eeoe o?e
oeie ?iciiae?eo eiai oi?i. Aei ia?oiai oeio a?aeianai? c?acee, iniiaia
/anoeia cae?ca a yeeo ciaoiaeeoueny o aeaeyae? ?ii?a Fe (II) (80-100 %),
aei ae?oaiai oeio — aeiiiaoa??aee ? aeia, a yeeo ia?aaaaea? eiiieaenia
oa ?iiia Fe (II) (90-100 %). Aeia ? aeiiiaoa??aee, ye? i?noyoue cia/i?
e?eueeino? Fe (III), a?aeiinyoueny aei o?aoueiai oeio ?iciiae?eo.
Oeiia? aa??aioe ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca iaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 1.

Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo,
iaea?aeaieo i?ae /an aiae?co 180 c?ace?a, aeaaaeaii ??aiyiiy e?i?eii?
eiia?iaoe?? aeey aecia/aiiy oeio ?iciiae?eo cae?ca:

Y = 19,6 — 0,184.O1 — 0,16X2 — 0,144O3 — 0,15X4

aea Y — oei ?iciiae?eo;

O1 — /anoea ?iiiiai Fe (II), %;

O2 — /anoea eiiieaeniiai Fe (II), %;

O3 — /anoea ?iiiiai Fe (III), %;

O4 — /anoea eiiieaeniiai Fe (III), %;

Oaaeeoey 1 — ?iciiae?e oi?i cae?ca o noieiaeo ? e??ieaieo

aeiiiaoa??aeao ? aeiao

Ianiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y cae?ca, ia/aei3 Iaeiaioaai-iy c?acea Oei
?icii-ae?eocaaa-eueia?iiia Fe(II)eiii-eaenia

Fe(II) ?iiia Fe(III)eiii-eaenia

Fe(III) Noieiai:?eaoeeoae?I13,512,2001,3Ae?aioaII6,03,52,200,3A?ea
eoiaaeiaIII11,53,402,16,0 E??ieaii:Iaaea?a

Aeueieinueea

I

7,0

6,3

0

0

0,7Ii?oaaei a?eee

II

15,6

7,7

7,9

0

0Oa aeIII12,36,804,11,4

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a a?eeo noieiaeo aeiiiaoa??aeao ia?aaaaea? I oei
?iciiae?eo, a a e??ieaieo — III.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui ia?aaaaeaiiy ?iiiiai Fe (II) (50-70 %)
a a?eeo aeiiiaoa??aeao ? aeiao iaoiiaeaia iayai?noth oaeeo a?aeiiaiee?a:
oaiieueieo niieoe; aeooao?iio, ui neioaco?oueny ae??aeaeaeaie i?ae /an
a?iae?iiy; ae?ieneaeo n??ee, a oaeiae anei?a?iiai? eeneioe.

I?aeaeuaiee ai?no oaiieueieo ?a/iaei oa ?o iie?ia??a o /a?aiieo
aeiiiaoa??aeao iaoiiaeth? ia o?eueee a?aeiiaeaiiy Fe(???) aei Fe (??),
aea e ca’ycoaaiiy inoaiiueiai c oaiiiaie, aiane?aeie /iai oi?iith
cae?ca, ui ia?aaaaea?, ? eiiieaenii ca’ycaia, yea neeaaea? 80-90 % a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeueiiai cae?ca. Aiae?c ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca o
ieiaeiai-ya?aeieo aeiiiaoa??aeao ? aeiao na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aei
/anoee eiiieaeniiai Fe (II) iaeaaeeoue 35-65 % a?ae caaaeueiiai eiai
ai?noo. Oaeei /eiii, o /a?aiieo aeiia?aaeieo ? ieiaeiai-ya?aeieo
aeiiiaoa??aeao ? aeiao ia? i?noea II oei ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca.

I?ae /an aea/aiiy aieeao noeueo?oaoe?? ? aa?aoe?? aeiiiaoa??ae?a ia
noai cae?ca anoaiiaeaii, ui ae?ieneae n??ee a?aeiiaeth? Fe (III) a Fe
(II). Aa?aoe?y aeiiiaoa??aeo o a?aenooiino? aeoeaioi??a o?eaaeaioiiai
cae?ca, cie?aia oinoao-?ii?a, ia aeeeeea? ia?a?iciiae?eo eiai oi?i.

Iii?oia iaeiie/aiiy cae?ca o aeiiiaoa??ae? a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae /an
ianoithaaiiy aai a?iae?iiy i’ycae ca ?aooiie aeno?aeoe?? iaoaeo c
oaa?aeeo /anoei aeiia?aaeieo ya?ae, a oaeiae i?e eiioaeo? i?iaeoeo?a
ia?a?iaee aeiia?aaeo c iioeiaeaeaiei caoeniei iie?eooyi ae?iaie/eo
?aca?aoa??a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e oeueiio i?ae ae??th ?aaeoeoth/eo
?a/iaei aeia a?aeaoaa?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?y cae?ca Fe (III) a Fe (II).

Oaeei /eiii, anoaiiaeaii oeie ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca a noieiaeo ?
e??ieaieo aeiia?aaeieo oa ieiaeiai-ya?aeieo aeii-iaoa??aeao, aea/aii
aieea ia i?ioean o?ainoi?iaoe?? oi?i cae?ca ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo
oaeoi??a.

2. Aieea cae?ca ia noeeuei?noue aeiiiaoa??ae?a aei iiiooi?iue

o?ceei-o?i?/iiai oa?aeoa?o

?iie cae?ca i?eeiathoue aeoeaio o/anoue a
ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo ?aaeoe?yo, iaeiei c iane?aee?a yeeo ?
iiei?e/iaa?iiy aeiiiaoa??ae?a.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao cae?ca ia ieenethaaeuei?
i?ioeane na?ae/eoue, ui i?ae /an iiei?e/iaa?iiy aeiiiaoa??ae?a
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?ao?ae Fe (II) a Fe (III). A noieiaeo aeiiiaoa??aeao
niinoa??aa?oueny iaio ?ioaineaia ieeneaiiy cae?ca, i?ae o e??ieaieo, ui
iaoiiaeaii a?eueo aenieith eiioeaio?aoe??th a?aeiiaiee?a. A?aenooi?noue
ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ?ioaineai?noth iiei-?e/iaa?iiy aeiiiaoa??ae?a ?
ianiaith eiioeaio?aoe??th iaoaeo, a oaeiae cieaeaiiy oaeaeeino?
ieenethaaeueieo i?ioean?a o aeiaaeeo iiaii? aeaiaoae?caoe??, na?ae/eoue
i?i eaoae?oe/io ?ieue cae?ca, ui i?io?eathoue o oe?o i?ioeanao
ae?iaieoeoaa aeiiiaoa??ae?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi ?ie? cae?ca o oi?ioaaii? noeeueiino? e??ieaieo
aeiiiaoa??ae?a aei iai?ioieo eiei?aeieo iiiooi?iue (IEI) anoaiiaeaii, ui
ianiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ii?a iaoaeo, a oaeiae ?o aaeaioi?noue ia
aieeaathoue ia noeeuei?noue c?ace?a aei IEI.

Anoaiiaeaia ??ciiiai?oia ?ieue cae?ca o oi?ioaaii? noeeueiino? noieiaeo
aeiiiaoa??ae?a aei iaiai?ioieo eiei?aeieo iiiooi?iue (IEI). Oae,
ooai?aiiy ia?ic/eiieo eiiieaen?a a?aei?/aii i?e aca?iiae?? cae?ca c
a?eeaie aeniei? iieaeoey?ii? iane (?en. 1). I?e iayaiino? o
aeiiiaoa??ae? eeoa iecueeiiieaeoey?ieo a?ee?a ianiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y
cae?ca ia aieeaa? ia eiai noeeuei?noue aei IEI.

a — ianiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y cae?ca 3 ia/aei3;

a — ianiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y cae?ca 10 ia/aei3 .

?en. 1 — Aieea a?ee?a ??cii? iieaeoey?ii? iane ia noeeuei?noue

aeiiiaoa??ae?a aei iaiai?ioieo eiei?aeieo iiiooi?iue

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui noeeuei?noue aeiiiaoa-??ae?a aei
oa?ioinoaoiiai eano (OOE) ia caeaaeeoue a?ae oeio ?ic-iiae?eo oi?i
cae?ca. Oaeoi?aie, ui e?i?oothoue ?icaeoie OOE, ? iania? eiioeaio?aoe??
cae?ca ? oinoao?a.

Iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oa?ioinoaoieo iiiooi?iue aeicaieeei
c’ynoaaoe, ui aianaiiy ia?ieneaeo aiaeith /e oinoao-?ii?a (300 ia/aei3 o
ia?a?aooieo ia ?2I5) ia ii?ooo? ?iciiae?e oi?i cae?ca (oaae.2). Ni?eueia
ae?y oeeo ?a/iaei i?iyaey?oueny o oiio, ui ieenethaa/ ii?ooo? o?i?/io
??aiiaaao

Fe (II) Fe(III)

a a?e inoaiiueiai, yea, o naith /a?ao, ca’yco?oueny c aeoeaioi?ii —
oinoao-?iiaie.

Oea i?eaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy ia?ic/eiiiai eiiieaeno oinoaoo cae?ca,
yeee aeiaaea? o aeaeyae? inaaeo. I?e oeueiio o neeaae? inaaeo
aeyaey?oueny 76 % Fe (III) o aeaeyae? oinoao?a oa 24 % Fe (II) o
aeaeyae? oaiaoo cae?ca (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 2. — Aieea oinoao-?ii?a oa ia?ieneaeo aiaeith ia noeeuei?noue
aeiiiaoa??ae?a aei oa?ioinoaoiiai eano

Aa?iaio Ianiaa eiioeaio?aoeiy caeica, ia/aei3Ioo-Aeniiaie
aeineiaeocaaa-

eueia Fe?iiia

Fe(II)eiii-

eaenia

Fe(II)?iiia

Fe(III)eiii-

eaenia

Fe(III)iinoue, o.a.i?i noeeueiinoue aei eano

Eiio?ieue

21,1

16,1

0

0

5,0

0,8i?ici?a, ia noeeueiaAianaiiy ia?iene-aeo aiaeith

21,0

15,9

0

0

5,1

0,9

i?ici?a, ia noeeueiaAianaiiy

oinoao-ioiia

21,0

17,0

0

0

4,0

5,0

iiae, noeeueiaAianaiiy ia?iene-aeo aiaeith ? oinoao-ioiia

21,1

7,6

0,2

1,5

11,8

26,0

neeueiee

iiae,

noeeueia

Oaaeeoey 3. — ?iciiae?e oi?i cae?ca i?e ?icaeoeo oa?ioinoaoiiai eano

Ia’?eo Ianiaa eiioeaio?aoeiy caeica, ia/aei3aeine?aeaeaiiycaaaeueia
Feiiiie

Fe(II)eiiieaenia

Fe(II)iiiia

Fe(III)eiiieaenia

Fe(III)Aeiiiaoa??ae44,025,08,74,55,8Oeaio?eooaao18,816,501,01,3Inaae25,1
6,0019,10

Oaeei /eiii anoaiiaeaii, ui ?iie cae?ca i?eeiathoue o/anoue o i?ioeanao
ieenethaaeueiiai iiei?e/iaa?iiy ? oi?ioaaiiy ia-iai?ioieo eiei?aeieo
iiiooi?iue aeiiiaoa??ae?a. ?icaeoie oa?i-oinoaoiiai iiiooi?iiy
aeiiiaoa??ae?a iaoiiaeaiee ai?noii ?iiia Fe (III) ? oinoao?a.

3. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeo aei?iaoaaiiy noeeueiino? aeiiiaoa??ae?a

aei oa?ioinoaoiiai eano

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue noai?aia ioeueoe-?aa?an?eia
iiaeaeue, yea iieno? i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy oa?ioinoaoiiai eano (o
ae?aiacii? ianiaeo eiioeaio?aoe?e cae?ca — 1-35 ia/aei3 ? oinoao-?ii?a —
100-250 ia/aei3) (oaae. 4). Ia ?enoieo 2 iaaaaeaia iiiia?aia, yea
oa?aeoa?eco? caeaaei?noue iooiino? a?ae ai?noo a na?aaeiaeu? ?ii?a
cae?ca ? oinoao?a. sse na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe iiiia?aie, i?e iania?e
eiioeaio?aoe?? cae?ca, ?aaeaiaioiaai?e AeNOO 202.002-96, ui aei??aith?
10 ia/aei3 aeey ia?i/ieo ? 15 ia/aei3 aeey i?aeeia?ieo aei, oa?ioinoaoi?
iiiooi?iiy iiaeooue ooai?eoeny i?e i?i?iaeueiiio ai?no? oinoao-?ii?a
150 ia/aei3 (o ia?a?aooieo ia ?2I5). A?aie/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y cae?ca,
i?e ye?e ean ia ?icaeaa?oueny o ae?aiacii? ai?noo oinoao-?ii?a 100-250
ia/aei3, neeaaea? 5,5 ia/aei3.

Oaaeeoey 4. — Ioeueoe?aa?an?eia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy

oa?ioinoaoiiai eano

Ianiaa eiioeaio?aoeiy oinoao-iiiia, ia/aei3 ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??
Eiao?oe??io aeaoa?i?iaoe?? R2100o = 0,12 o — 0,20,88150 o = 0,87 o —
3,830,99200o = 1,16 o — 5,30,95250 o = 1,43 o — 6,270,88

sse na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, eao?iie i?ae?,
eaeueoe?th, iaai?th oa aethi?i?th, aianai? a iiaeaeuei? nenoaie ca
eiioeaio?aoe?e, ui cono??/athoueny o aeiao, ia ?iaeyoue aieeao ia
?icaeoie eano. ?iie eae?th iineeththoue aeanoaa?e?caoe?th aeiiiaoa??ae?a
ca ?aooiie ci?ie iiaa?oiaaiai ca?yaeo oinoaoieo i?oeae. Aianaiiy a?ee?a
ca?eueoo? iooi?noue c?acea ca ?aooiie iaeo?ae?caoe?? iaaaoeaii
ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie oinoaoo cae?ca iiceoeaii ca?yaeaeaieie a?eeiaeie
iieaeoeaie.

?en.2 — Caeaaei?noue iooiino? aeiiiaoa??aeo a?ae ianiai?

eiioeaio?aoe?? cae?ca ? oinoao-?ii?a

Iaeoeiia? ?a/iaeie, iath/e aeanoeaino? caoenieo eiei?ae?a, i?aeaeuothoue
aa?aaaoeaio no?ee?noue oa?ioinoaoieo /anoeiie. Iaea?aeai? aeai?
ocaiaeaeothoueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue A.?.C?i/aiea,
N.O.Iai?iaeiee, O.Ae. Ae?aiianueei?, A.I. ssoeeie, A.Arugirard.

Oaeei /eiii, a?aie/ii aeiionoeiith eiioeaio?aoe??th cae?ca o
aeiiiaoa??ae? ? 5,5 ia/aei3. A?eee ? eao?iie eae?th noeioeththoue
iiiooi?iiy, a oie /an ye caoeni? eiei?aee ia?aoeiaeaeathoue i?iyaeaiith
eano.

Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy eano aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe iaoiae
eiai i?iaiicoaaiiy. Aeey i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano a?ae?ie?co iie?oinoao?a
?aeiiaiaeiaaii i?eeii i?aeeeneaiiy aeiiiaoa??aeo nieyiith eeneioith.
Aea?? ?aaeei?a iaoiaeo (iioiaeaeaiiy ? eiioeaio?aoe?y eeneioe, /an ?
oaiia?aoo?a aeo?eiee) cae?enithaaee ca?aeii c iao?eoeath ieaioaaiiy
iiaiiai oaeoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo (A?a/ia ? ni?a?., 1972). ?ic?iaeaiee
oano aeeth/a? oae? iia?aoe??: a 20 ni3 aei?iaoaaiiai aeiiiaoa??aeo
aiinyoue 1 ni3 ?ic/eio nieyii? eeneioe c ianiaith eiioeaio?aoe??th 10
a/100 ni3 ? aeo?eiothoue 4 aiaeeie ca e?iiaoii? oaiia?aoo?e, iio?i
iaeo?ae?cothoue 1 I ?ic/eiii a?ae?ieneaeo iao??th aei ii/aoeiaiai
cia/aiiy ?I, aiinyoue 1-2 e?aie? ?ic/eio ia?ieneaeo aiaeith c ianiaith
eiioeaio?aoe??th 3 a/100 ni3. I?iao aeo?eiothoue 24 aiaeeie ca
oaiia?aoo?e i?ion 4-5 0N, i?ney /iai i?iaiaeyoue aei??thaaiiy iooiino?.
Cia/aiiy iooiino? a?eueoa 1 o.i., na?ae/eoue i?i iioaioe?eio
noeeuei?noue aeiiiaoa??aeo aei OOE.

Ii??aithaaeueia ioe?iea iaoiae?a aei?iaoaaiiy noeeueiino? aeiiiaoa??ae?a
aei oa?ioinoaoiiai eano a?aeia?aaeaia o oaaeeoe? 5.

I?e noeeueiino? aeiiiaoa??ae?a aei oa?ioinoaoiiai eano, ui aeyaeaia
?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeii, iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe ?o aeaiaoae?caoe?th
iacaeaaeii a?ae ianiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? cae?ca.

Oaaeeoey 5. — Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?nioth/iai oa ?ic?iaeaiiai
iaoiae?a

IaeiaioaaiiyAeo?aeia ?nioth/ee oanoIiaeeo?eiaaiee oanoc?acea
iooi?noue,

o.i.Iooi?noue,

o.i.Aeniiaie

Iooi?noue,

o.i.Aeniiaie

Ae?aioa

0

0,3ia noeeueia

0,1ia noeeueia?eaoeeoae?00,1oa ae0,6oa aeAe?aioa0,102,5noeeueiaI?ii
/i?iee (oaiiainueeee aeiiiaoa??ae)

0,1

0,2

3,1

Ii?oaaei

a?eee

0,1

0,3

0,5ia noeeueiaNeia’yinueea a?ea

0,1

0,1

4,0

noeeueia

Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaeaiiio iaoiaeo aei?iaoaaiiy aeiiiaoa??ae?a ia
noeeuei?noue aei oa?ioinoaoieo iiiooi?iue i?eoaiaiia aeniea
?ioi?iaoeai?noue i aeinoia??i?noue, ui aeicaiey? oi/i?oa i?iaiicoaaoe
?iceeaino?ee?noue aeiii?iaeoeoe??.

4. ?ic?iaea nenoaie eiio?ieth aeaiaoae?caoe??

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue aoa aeyaeaiee ca’ycie i?ae noaiii cae?ca o
aeiiiaoa??aeao oa aoaeoeai?noth ?o aeaiaoae?caoe??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui AEEN
aeeo/a? ?iie Fe(II) ? Fe(III) oa /anoeiai cae?ci, yea ca’ycaia a
eiiieaene. Ia?iaea aeiiiaoa??ae?a iai?aai?/iei ni?aaioii Oa?iieneae-3A
cieaeo? ai?no ?iiiiai Fe (II). IOO ? a?eueo aoaeoeaiei aeaiaoae?caoi?ii
eiiieaenieo oi?i cae?ca, ia ui aeaco? cia/ia cieaeaiiy o aeiiiaoa??ae?
?o ianiai? eiioeaio?aoe??.

Oaeei /eiii, o aeiaaeeo I oeio ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca aeaiaoae?caoe?th
aeiiiaoa??aeo ?aeiiaiaeo?ii i?iaiaeeoe AEEN aai ni?aaioii
“Oa?iieneae-3A”. O ?ac? II ? III oei?a ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca
aeioe?eueii canoinoaaiiy IOO.

I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiaoae?caoe?? ieiaeiai-ya?aeieo aeiiiaoa??ae?a
anoaiiaeaii, ui ?? aoaeoeai?noue caeaaeeoue a?ae iayaiino? eiiieaenieo
oi?i cae?ca. O ca’yceo c oeei o iaaaaeaiiio aeiaaeeo a?eueo aoaeoeaiei ?
canoinoaaiiy IOO.

Caaa?aeaiiy /a?aiieo aeiiiaoa??ae?a oo?oaeith? i?aea?? aeice AEEN, a
oaeiae a?coaeueia aeyaeaiiy ?? ia?aaeicoaaiiy i?ney i?i-aaaeaiiy
aeaiaoae?caoe?? i?ia??eiaei iaoiaeii. O ca’yceo c oeei iaie
cai?iiiiiaaii ?ino?oiaioaeueiee iaoiae eiio?ieth ia?iaee a?iiiaoa?eae?a
AEEN. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae caaa?aeaiiy aei?iaoaaiiai c?acea,
iaeneioi niaeo?a iiaeeiaiiy nei?o a?aeo?ie?a aa?e?inueei? eaco??
ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao aeiaaeei oaeeue 75025 ii. ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae
a?oioo?oueny ia aianaii? iane/aiiai ?ic/eio cae?ci-aiii?eieo aaeoi?a o
i?iao aeaiaoae?ciaaiiai aeiiiaoa??aeo ? eiei?eiao?oaaii? c?acea.
Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea a?coaeueiiai oa ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoiae?a
iaaeaia a oaaeeoe? 6.

Aei?iaoaaiiy aeiiiaoa??aea ia i?enooi?noue a?eueii? AEEN i?iaiaeyoue
oaeei /eiii: o e?eueea i?ia??ie aiinyoue ii 10 ni3 aeiiiaoa??aeo oa
c?inoath/? aeice ?ic/eio aeiaoi? e?ia’yii? nie? c ianiaith
eiioeaio?aoe??th 5 a/aei3. Aeeeth/aiiyi ? eiio?ieueiee aa??aio. *a?ac 4
aiaeeie a on? i?ia??ee aiinyoue 0,1 ni3 ?ic/ei?a aeaeaoeio ? aaioii?oo.
C?acee oeaio?eooaothoue aei iiaiiai inaaeaeaiiy aa?e?inueei? eaco??. Aei
5 ni3 oeaio?eooaaoo aeiaeathoue 0,5 ni3 1 I ?ic/eio nieyii? eeneioe ?
100 ii3 iane/aiiai ?ic/eio cae?ci-aiii?eieo aaeoi?a. Aei??thaaiiy
iioe/ii? aonoeie i?iaiaeyoue ca aeiaaeeie oaee? 750 ii a ethaao? c
a?aenoaiith i?ae ?iai/eie a?aiyie 10 ii. Eiio?ieai ? iaia?iaeaiee AEEN
c?acie. E?eoa???i ioe?iee iaaeeeoeo AEEN ? cia/

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaenio noaio
eiio?ieth aeaiaoae?caoe?? aeiiiaoa??ae?a, yea aeeth/a? oae? aoaie: 1 —
aea?? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai aeaiaoae?caoi?a ia iniia? oeio ?iciiae?eo
oi?i cae?ca; 2 — iaa?oiooaaiiy aeice AEEN ?ino?oiaioaeueiei iaoiaeii; 3
— i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiaoae?caoe?? ? oanoo ia i?enooi?noue iaaeeeoeo AEEN; 4
— aeniiaie i?i ?iceeaino?ee?noue aeiiiaoa??aeo ca ?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeii
aei?iaoaaiiy eiai ia noeeuei?noue aei oa?ioinoaoiiai eano (?en.3).
Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia ai?iaiaaia ia i?aei?e?inoaao aaeoc?.

Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee eiio?ieth aeaiaoae?caoe?? aeiiiaoa??ae?a
ia i?aenoaa? o?ainoi?iaoe?? oi?i cae?ca, ye? caaacia/othoue i?iaaaeaiiy
oeueiai i?ioeano c aeio?eiaiiyi iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo aeiia aei oa?/iaeo
i?iaeoeo?a.

AENIIAEE ? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

1. Aeyaeaii caeiiii??i?noue ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca a aeiia?aaeieo ?
ieiaeiai-ya?aei?o aeiiiaoa??aeao ? aeiao, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo anoaiiaeaii
oeie ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca. Neeaaeaii ??aiyiiy e?i?eieo aca?iiae?e, yea
a?aeaeaa? ca’ycie oeio ?iciiae?eo ? noaio cae?ca.

2. Anoaiiaeaii eaoae?oe/io ?ieue ?ii?a cae?ca a ieenethaaeueieo
i?ioeanao ae?iaieoeoaa aei. Aeiaaaeaii i?yio caeaaei?noue i?ae ianiaith
eiioeaio?aoe??th cae?ca ? noeeuei?noth aei aei iaiai?ioieo eiei?aeieo
iiiooi?iue a oiiaao aenieiai ai?noo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo a?ee?a.
Noeeuei?noue aei aei iai?ioieo eiei?aeieo iiiooi?iue ia caeaaeeoue a?ae
ai?noo cae?ca.

3. Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaii, ui aecia/aeueieie oaeoi?aie o
oi?ioaaii? cae?ciiai eano ? ianiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y cae?ca ? oinoao?a.
A?aie/ii aeiionoeiith ? eiioeaio?aoe?y cae?ca 5,5 ia/aei3. A?eie ? ?iie
eae?th ni?eythoue oeieoeyoe?? oinoaoieo i?oeae, oiae? ye caoeni?
eiei?aee ia?aoeiaeaeathoue i?iyaeaiith eano.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aoaeoeai?noue ae?? aeaiaoae?caoi??a iaoiiaeaia noaiii
cae?ca. O aeiaaeeo I oeio ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca o aeiiiaoa??ae?
?aeiiaiaeiaaii canoiniaoaaoe AEEN ? “Oa?iieneae-3A” o ?ac? II ? III
oei?a ?iciiae?eo oi?i — IOO.

5. ?ic?iaeaii noaio iaoiae?a eiio?ieth aeaiaoae?caoe??, yea aeeth/a?:
aea?? aeaiaoae?caoi?a ia iniia? ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca;
?ino?oiaioaeueiee iaoiae eiio?ieth ia?iaee AEEN /a?aiieo ? a?eeo

C?ACIE AEIIIAOA??AEOAecia/aiiy ianiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? cae?caAea??
aeaiaoae?caoi?a

ia iniia? oeio

?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?caAEEN?io? aeaiaoae?caoi?eiaa?oiooaaiiy

aeice AEENaeaiaoae?caoe?yaecia/aiiy iaaeeeoeo AEENaeniiaiei?i
?iceeaino?ee?noue

aeiiiaoa??aeoaei?iaoaaiiy aeiiiaoa??aeo

ia noeeuei?noue aei OOE

?en 3. — Eiiieaenia noaia eiio?ieth aeaiaoae?caoe?? aeiiiaoa??ae?a
aeiiiaoa??ae?a; iaoiae aei?iaoaaiiy aeiiiaoa??ae?a ia noeeuei?noue aei
oa?ioinoaoiiai eano, yeee aeeth/aii aei Iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie
“Ii?aaeaeaiea neeiiiinoe aei e iiiooiaieyi oeceei-oeie/aneiai
oa?aeoa?a”, caoaa?aeaeaieo OAAI 05.09.97. Iaoiaee eiio?ieth
aeaiaoae?caoe?? i?ieoee ai?iaaoe?th i?ioyaii 1996-1998 ??. ia
i?aei?e?inoaao aaeoc?: ?aaeaini-caaiaeao “Aeiia?aaeiee”,
“Noa?i-e?einueeee”, AO “Cieioa Aaeea” ? “Aaoon”, ia’?aeiaii?
“Iaeanaaeii?ii”.

6. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaio aeaia-oae?caoe?th
aeiiiaoa??aeo c aeio?eiaiiyi iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo aeiia aei oa?/iaeo
i?iaeoeo?a ? aa?aioothoue ?iceeaino?ee?noue aeia.

NIENIE ?IA?O,

iioae?eiaaieo ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe??

1. Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A., Aa?aeeeiaa A.A. Aeaiaoaeeecaoeey aei n ?acee/iui
?ani?aaeaeaieai oi?i aeaeaca // Aeiia?aae e aeii ?innee. -1998. — N 6. —
N. 25.

2. Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A., Ieoaaaa E.A. Ninoiyiea e oi?iu aeaeaca a aeiao //
Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann a aa?ieiaeono?ee: Na. i. o. -I. — sseoa,
1997. — N. 75.

3. Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A., Aa?aeeeiaa A.A., Eaaiia A.I. E aii?ino
oi?ie?iaaiey oa??ioinoaoiuo iiiooiaiee // Eniieueciaaiea aeinoeaeaiee
nia?aiaiiie iaoee a aeiia?aaea?noaa e aeiiaeaeee: Na. i.o. EAeA
“Iaaa?a/” — sseoa, 1998. — o.2. — N. 26-30.

4. Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A., Oienoaiei Ae.I., Aa?aeeeiaa A.A. Aeeyiea ianniaie
eiioeaio?aoeee aeaeaca ia neeiiiinoue aeiiiaoa?eaeia e ieeneeoaeueiiio
iiei?e/iaaaieth // Eniieueciaaiea aeinoeaeaiee nia?aiaiiie iaoee a
aeiia?aaea?noaa e aeiiaeaeee: Na. i. o. EAeA “Iaaa?a/” — sseoa, 1998. —
o.2. — N. 68-71.

5. Iao. 23968 A Oe?a?ie, G01N 33/14. — Niinia aecia/aiiy noeeueiinoi
aeiiiaoa??aeia i aei aei iaiai?ioieo eiei?aeieo iiiooiiiue / Aa?aeeeiaa
A.A., Ii?aiei I.A., ?oaeeoeia I.I., Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A. -04.04.98.

6. Aa?aeeeiaa A.A., Ieoaaaa E.A., Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A. Aeeyiea
oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia e eiiiiiaioia aeia ia oi?iu aeaeaca:
Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie. — Neioa?iiieue. — E?uineee ?OeIOYE, 1997. — N
70. — 4 n.

7. Iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey ?iceeainoieeinoe aei: Eioi?-iaoeeiiue eenoie /
Aa?aeeeiaa A.A., *o?neia I.A., Ieoaaaa E.A., ?oaeuoeia I.I., Aaaaeeia
I.A., Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A. — Neioa?iiieue, — E?uineee ?OeIOYE, 1997. — N
34. — 4 n.

8. Oa?aeoa?enoeea eiiieaenia aeiiieeia?ia, ioaaonoaaiiuo ca iiiooiaiey
eieeieaeiiai oa?aeoa?a a aeiao: Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie / *o?neia I.A.,
Ceiueeaae/ Y.E., Aaaaeeia I.A., Oienoaiei Ae.I., Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A. —
Neioa?iiieue. — E?uineee ?OeIOYE, 1999. — N 37-99. — 3 n.

Aiiioaoeey

Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A. ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia eiio?iey aeaiaoaeeecaoeee
aeiiiaoa?eaeia ia iniiaa o?ainoi?iaoeee oi?i aeaeaca

Aeenna?oaoeey (?oeiienue) ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.07 — Oaoiieiaey i?iaeoeoia
a?iaeaiey.

Einoeooo aeiia?aaea e aeia “Iaaa?a/” — sseoa, 1999.

Caueuaaony 8 iao/iuo ?aaio, niaea?aeaueo ?acoeueoaou ii iainiiaaieth
oeie/aneeo e oeceei-oeie/aneeo iaoiaeia eiio?iey yooaeoeaiinoe
aeaiaoaeeecaoeee.

Onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe o?ainoi?iaoeee oi?i aeaeaca. Ia iniiaaiee
aiaeeca ninoiyiey oi?i aeaeaca auaeaeaiu oeiu eo ?ani?aaeaeaiey.
Ninoaaeaii o?aaiaiea eeiaeiuo acaeiiaeaenoaee, io?aaeathuaa naycue oeia
?ani?aaeaeaiey e ninoiyiey aeaeaca. A noieiauo aeiiiaoa?eaeao,
au?aaioaiiuo ec aeiia?aaea aaeuo ni?oia, i?aiaeaaeaao I oei
?ani?aaeaeaiey, a e?aieaiuo -III ; a ieiaeiai-yaiaeiuo, a oaeaea a
aeiiiaoa?eaeao, au?aaioaiiuo ec aeiia?aaea e?aniuo ni?oia — II oei
?ani?aaeaeaiey oi?i aeaeaca.

Iiaeoaa?aeaeaia eaoaeeoe/aneay ?ieue eiiia aeaeaca a ieen-eeoaeueiuo
i?ioeannao, i?ioaeathueo i?e i?iecaiaenoaa aei. Aeieacaii o/anoea
aeaeaca a oi?ie?iaaiee neeiiiinoe aei e iaia?aoeiui eieeieaeiui
iiiooiaieyi, caeeth/athuaany a ia?aciaaiee eiiieaenia n
aunieiiieaeoey?iuie aaeeaie. Onoaiiaeaii ionoonoaea aeeyiey aeaeaca ia
neiiiinoue aei e ia?aoeiui eieeieaeiui iiiooiaieyi. Iieacaii, /oi
ii?aaeaeythueie oaeoi?aie oi?ie?iaaiey aeaeaciiai eanna yaeythony
ianniaua eiioeaio?aoeee aeaeaca e oinoao-eiiia. I?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiay
eiioeaio?aoeey aeaeaca — 5,5 ia/aei3. Aaeie e eiiu eaeey niinianoaotho
oeieoeyoeee oinoaoiuo ieoeaee e oaaee/eaatho neeiiiinoue e OOE.
Caueoiua eieeieaeu i?aiyonoaotho i?iyaeaieth eanna. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
yooaeoeaiinoue aeaenoaey aeaiaoaeeecaoi?ia iaoneiaeaia ninoiyieai
aeaeaca. A neo/aa I oeia ?ani?aaeaeaiey oi?i aeaeaca a aeiiiaoa?eaea
?aeiiaiaeiaaii i?eiaiyoue AEEN e ni?aaio “Oa?iieneae-3A”, i?e II e III
oeiao ?ani?aaeaeaiey — IOO. ?ac?aaioaia

noaia eiio?iey aeaiaoaeeecaoeee, aeeth/athuay: auai? aeaiaoaeeecaoi?a ia
iniiaa ?ani?aaeaeaiey oi?i aeaeaca; eino?oiaioaeueiue iaoiae eeio?iey
ia?aaioee AEEN e?aniuo e aaeuo aeiiiaoa?eaeia; iaoiae eniuoaiey
aeiiiaoa?eaeia ia neeiiiinoue e OOE. ?ac?aaioaiiue iaoiae eniuoaiey
neeiiiinoe e oa??ioinoaoiui iiiooiaieyi i?aaenoaaeai a Iaoiaee/aneeo
oeacaieyo “Ii?aaeaeaiea neeiiiinoe aei e iiiooiaieyi oeceei-oeie/aneiai
oa?aeoa?a”, ooaa?aeaeaiiuo OAAI. Iaoiaeu i?ioee ai?iaaoeeth ia
i?aaei?eyoeyo io?anee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeiiiaoa?eae, aeii, oi?iu aeaeaca, noaia iaoiaeia
eiio?iey, aeaiaoaeeecaoeey, oa??ioinoaoiue eann, eieeieaeiua iiiooiaiey,
oano.

Aiioaoe?y

Aieeiiaaeiaa I.A. ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a eiio?ieth aeaiaoae?caoe??
aeiiiaoa??ae?a ia iniia? o?ainoi?iaoe?? oi?i cae?ca

Aeena?oaoe?y (?oeiien) ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.07 — Oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a
a?iae?iiy.

?inoeooo aeiia?aaeo o aeia «Iaaa?a/» — sseoa, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny 8 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ye? i?noyoue ?acoeueoaoe c
iaa?oiooaaiiy o?i?/ieo ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo iaoiae?a eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino?
aeaiaoae?caoe??.

Aeyaeaii caeiiii??i?noue ?iciiae?eo oi?i cae?ca o aeiia?aaeieo oa
ieiaeiai-ya?aeieo aeiiiaoa??aeao. Anoaiiaeaii o?e oeie ?iciiae?eo oi?i
cae?ca a a?eeo aeiia?aaeieo aeiao. Neeaaeaii ??aiyiiy e?i?eieo
aca?iiae?e, ui a?aeoai?th? ca’ycie oeio ?iciiae?eo oa noaio cae?ca.
Anoaiiaeaii ?ieue oi?i cae?ca o i?ioeanao ieeneaiiy ? ooai?aiiy
eiei?aeieo oa oa?ioinoaoieo iiiooi?iue. ?ic?iaeaia noaia eiio?ieth
aeaiaoae?caoe?? aeiiiaoa??ae?a. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae aei?iaoaaiiy
aeiiiaoa??ae?a ia noeeuei?noue aei oa?ioinoaoieo iiiooi?iue aeeth/aii
aei Iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie “Ii?aaeaeaiea neeiiiinoe aei e iiiooiaieyi
oeceei-oeie/aneiai oa?aeoa?a”, caoaa?aeaeaieo OAAI.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiiiaoa??ae, aeii, oi?ie cae?ca, noaia iaoiae?a
eiio?ieth, aeaiaoae?caoe?y, oa?ioinoaoiee ean, eiei?aei? iiiooi?iiy,
oano.

Annotatiin

Gnilomedova N.V. Development of methods for the control of wine
materials demetallization on the basis of the transformation of the
forms of iron.

The thesis (a manuscript) for the academic degree of Candidade of
Technical Sciences. Speciality 05.18.07 — Fermentation Products
Technology.

Institute for Vine and Wine «Magarach» — Yalta, 1999.

8 research works are defended which contain data on the foundation of
the chemical and physico-chemical methods for the control of the
demetallization efficiency.

The transformation of the forms of iron in the technological process of
wine production has been established and founded. Regularities of the
white casse formation in wine materials were established. The system of
methods of the demetallization control was scientifically founded and
served as a basis for the development of the complex scheme which
includes: the selection of the demetallizing agent depending on the
distribution of the forms of iron; the instrumental method for revealing
the over-fining with potassium ferrocyanide during the demetallization
of the red and white wine materials and the method for testing the wine
susceptibility to the white casse, this method is included in the
technological recommendations «The determination of wine susceptibility
to clouds of the physico-chemical nature» approved by the Ukrainian
Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

Key words: wine material, wine, forms of iron, scheme of the control
methods, demetallization, white casse, colloidal clouds, test.

Nienie i?eeiyoeo nei?i/aiue

AEEN — aeiaoa e?ia’yia n?eue

IOO — ieo?eeio?eiaoeeaioinoiiao iao??th

OAOe — oinoi?iee ao?? oeaetheice

IEI — iai?ioi? eiei?aei? iiiooi?iiy

IEI — iaiai?ioi? eiei?aei? iiiooi?iiy

OOE — oa?ioinoaoiee ean

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 09.04.1999. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16

Oiiai.ae?oe.a?e. 1.0.Iaeeaae 100. Caiiaeaiiy N

?inoeooo aeiia?aaeo ? aeia «Iaaa?a/»,

334200, i.sseoa, aoe.E??iaa 31.

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