Розробка каталітичного способу очистки діоксиду вуглецю при його утилізації з газів спиртового бродіння: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / К.О. Данил

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OA?*IAEO OAOIIEIA?E

Aeaieeiaa Eaoa?eia Ieaa?aia

OAeE 661.97:663.52

?ic?iaea eaoae?oe/iiai niiniao i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth

i?e eiai ooee?caoe?? c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy

05.18.07 — Oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? nie?oo ?
a?ioaoiieia?? i?iaeiaieue/eo i?iaeoeo?a I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeaaeai?e OOA,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI,

ssi/aanueeee A?eoi? Eaceie?iae/,

IAI “A?inie?oi?iae”, aaia?aeueiee aee?aeoi?

Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo nie?oo ?
a?ioaoiieia?? i?iaeiaieue/eo i?iaeoeo?a, aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Ia??i/aiei A?eoi? Iiaianiae/

Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e, i?ioani? eaoaae?e a?ioaoiieia??

i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy, aeno?aeo?a oa iaii?a

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ineiaiei Ieaen?e Iiaianiae/,

?inoeooo i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ? ia?ai?aeaioiaee
ea??aieo i?aoe?aiee?a ? niaoe?ae?no?a oa?/iai? oa
ia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?, aeaeai

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo oa?/iai? o?i?? ? oaoiieia?? IAI
Oe?a?ie oa I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_23_ ” _/a?aiy___ 1999 ?. i _16 ii aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 026.058.04

a Oe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e

ca aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a-33, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 68, A-311.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_17_” _o?aaiy__ 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, e.o.i., n.i.n. Oaaei?ai/aiei E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A aeaiee /an a oiiaao aei?noei? eiieo?aioe?? ?c
caei?aeiiiei ae?iaieeii ca ?eiie caooo ia?aae a?o/eciyiith
i?iieneia?noth ia ia?oee ieai aeeoea i?iaeaia yeino? i?iaeoeoe??. Oiio
io?eiaiiy aenieiye?niiai i?iaeoeoo ia no/aniiio aoai? ?iaeono??aeueiiai
?icaeoeo aea?aeaae noa? ia?oi?yaeiith ? aeooaeueiith caaea/ath.

Ae?ieneae aoaeaoeth oe?iei canoiniao?oueny a ??cieo aaeocyo
i?iieneiaino? a aaciiiae?aiiio, ??aeeiio ? oaa?aeiio noai? (nooee e?ae).
C on?o iniiaieo aeae?a ne?iaeie, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth, aeii?ioth/ei aeey Oe?a?ie ? aace nie?oiaiai
a?iae?iiy.

Ca oaoiieia?/iith noaiith nie?oiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ooai?aiiy ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth a?aeaoaa?oueny a iniiaiiio ia noaae?yo ae??aeaeaeiaaia?oaaiiy
? a?iae?iiy. Ia noaae?? a?iae?iiy ai?no NI2 o a?aeo?aeieo aacao
aei??aith? 98-99 ia.%. Aeiaeaoeiaei aeaea?aeii i?iieneiaiai io?eiaiiy
ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth ? aace a?iae?iiy ieaiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa. ?c
caaaeueii? e?eueeino? NI2, ui ooai?th?oueny i?e ca?iaeaeoaaii? ieaiiai
nonea, iiaeeeai ooee?ciaoaaoe 60 % ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth, ui noaiiaeoue
aeey caaiae?a iiooaei?noth 11 iei. aeae ieaa ia ??e — 3000 o NI2.

I?e ca?iaeaeoaaii? ia nie?o aoaeaaiae?a ?acii c ae?ieneaeii aoaeaoeth
ooai?th?oueny cia/ia e?euee?noue noiooi?o i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy, oaeeo ye
nie?oe, ao??e, aeueaeaa?aee, i?aai?/i? eeneioe. I?e ooee?caoe?? NI2 c
aac?a a?iae?iiy iaiao?aeiith oiiaith ? eiai iiia?aaeiy i/enoea a?ae
noiooi?o aeii?oie. ?nioth/? noaie i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth ia
caaeiaieueiythoue c?inoath/? aeiiae aei eiai yeino?, a canoinoaaiiy
iaaeinoaoiuei i/euaiiai aaco a oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeoao aeeeeea? iia??oaiiy
i?aaiieaioe/ieo iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoe??, i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiiooi?iiy
ea?aii?ciaaieo iaii?a oa ?o inoaaiiy, ni?ey? a?ieia?/iiio ?iceeaaeo
i?iaeoeo?a. Canoinoaaiiy ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth aac aeinoaoiuei? i/enoee a
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? i?e caa?thaaii? iaoae?a oaeiae iai?eionoeia /a?ac oa,
ui iayai?noue i?aeaeuaii? e?eueeino? noi?iii?o aeii?oie aeeeeea?
i?cae?thaao?noue caa?iiai oaa.

Aiae?c noaio a?o/eciyiiai aoaeaeeneioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa na?ae/eoue i?i
iaiao?aei?noue eiai iiaea?i?caoe?? ye noiniaii onoaoeoaaiiy, oae ?
oaoiieia??, cie?aia c iaoith noai?aiiy aoaeoeaii? nenoaie i/enoee
ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth. Iaaeinoaoiy i/enoea ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a ia?oo
/a?ao aieeaa? ia ei?ic?eio no?ee?noue aoaeaeeneioiiai iaeaaeiaiiy. Oae,
o aieiaia?aeae?eueieeao, ?cioa?i?/ieo ?aca?aoa?ao, o?eueo?ao aenieiai
oeneo iaeiie/othoueny eene? eiiaeainaoe, ye? aeeeeeathoue iineeaio
ei?ic?th noae?, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?oeioaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy.

Aeiiae AINO 8050-85 aei ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth aaciiiae?aiiai ?
ne?aieaiiai ia iiaeooue aooe iiai?noth aeeiiai? ca ?nioth/i? oaoiieia??
i/enoee NI2 uiaei a?aenooiino? i?aai?/ieo niieoe. Oiio iiooe iiaeo
niinia?a i/enoee aac?a a?iae?iiy a?ae i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie c iaoith
io?eiaiiy ye?niiai ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiei.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea no/anii?
oaoiieia?? i/enoee aaciiiae?aiiai ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a?ae noiooi?o
i?aai?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a i?e eiai ooee?caoe?? c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy
? noai?aiiy ia ?? iniia? i?iieneiai? onoaiiaee i/enoee NI2.

O ca`yceo c oeei aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:

— ioe?iea ?nioth/eo ? aea?? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai niiniao i/enoee
ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a?ae i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie;

— ioe?iea a?aeiieo eaoae?caoi??a aeey ieeneaiiy aoaeaaiaei?a ? aea??
iaea?eueo aeoeaiiai eaoae?caoi?a aeey i/enoee NI2 a?ae noiooi?o
i?aai?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy;

— noai?aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee aeey aea/aiiy i?ioeano
eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei;

— aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo
?a/iaei, noiooi?o ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth, ui ooee?co?oueny c aac?a
nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy;

— aea/aiiy ye?niiai ? e?euee?niiai neeaaeo i?aai?/ieo ? iai?aai?/ieo
aeii?oie eiiaeainao?a, ui ooai?ththoueny ia ??cieo noaae?yo a i?ioean?
ooee?caoe?? ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth, c iaoith aecia/aiiy i?noey
?icoaooaaiiy onoaiiaee eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee NI2 a oaoiieia?/i?e noai?
eiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

— ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? ? noai?aiiy aia?aoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ii? noaie
eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth;

— i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy onoaiiaee eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee NI2.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia oaoiieia?y i/enoee ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth, ui ooee?co?oueny c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy a?ae noiooi?o
i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie, yea aaco?oueny ia canoinoaaii? niiniao ?o
eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy.

— iieacaia iiaeeea?noue iiaiiai ieeneaiiy eaoth/eo i?aai?/ieo
i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy ia iaeaae?e-ia?aaioeaaiio eaoae?caoi?? IIE-0,24Ae
aei oe?eueiaiai i?iaeoeoo — ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth.

— ca aeiiiiiaith iiaoaeiaaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae i?ioeano i/enoee
ciaeaeai? iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo
aeii?oie, noiooi?o ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth i?e eiai ooee?caoe?? c aac?a
nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy.

— aeine?aeaeaii ye?niee ? e?euee?niee neeaae i?aai?/ieo ? iai?aai?/ieo
aeii?oie eiiaeainao?a, ui ooai?ththoueny ii nooiaiyo noeniaiiy NI2, ia
iniia? /iai aecia/aii, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith ? i/enoea ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth ia?aae inoaii?i nooiaiai eiii?eioaaiiy aaco.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a aeei?enoaii? ?o
i?e ?ic?iaoe? “Oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeaiaioo ae?iaieoeoaa ??aeeiai aeaiieeno
aoaeaoeth c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy” ? “Enoiaeiuo o?aaiaaiee aeey
?ac?aaioee eiiieaeoiie onoaiiaee aunieiai aeaaeaiey aeey i?iecaiaenoaa
aeeaeeie aeaoieene oaea?iaea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth 260 ea//
(1EOAAE)”.

Ca iaea?aeaieie ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue noai?aia
i?iieneiaa onoaiiaea eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a?ae
noiooi?o i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy, yea oa?eoea aei neeaaeo eiiieaeoii?
aoaeaeeneioii? onoaiiaee 1EOAAE. Onoaiiaea i?ieoea oni?oi? ae?iaie/?
aei?iaoaaiiy ia Iii?anueeiio aenia?eiaioaeueiiio caaiae? AIAe?OIAe ?
?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei na??eiiai aeaioiaeaiiy.

Niin?a eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth oeyoii ieeneaiiy
i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee i?e ooee?caoe?? NI2 c aac?a
a?iae?iiy ieaiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Canoinoaaiiy niiniao eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a?ae
noiooi?o i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy aeicaieeoue aacia?a?aii ? ye?nii
i?iaiaeeoe i?ioean i/enoee NI2 o iaaaeeeeo eiiiaeoieo ?aaeoi?ao aac
?aaaia?aoe?? eaoae?caoi?a. I?e oeueiio caaacia/o?oueny iiaia ieeneaiiy
i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie aei oe?eueiaiai i?iaeoeoo — NI2, oiae? ye ?nioth/? o
aoaeaeeneioiiio ae?iaieoeoa? niiniae i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth ia
aeicaieythoue iiai?noth ca?eueieoeny a?ae noiooi?o i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy.
sse iieacaee a?aeii/? aei?iaoaaiiy, canoinoaaiiy niiniao eaoae?oe/iiai
ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie caaacia/o? io?eiaiiy aenieiye?niiai
ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth, yeee oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny a oa?/ia?e
i?iieneiaino?, a oaeiae ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith aeieia?/ii? /enoioe
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? iiai?noth aeeeth/a? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee a
aoiinoa?o.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a ?iaio? iieyaa? a i?aai?caoe?? ?
i?iaaaeaii? iaoeiaeo aenia?eiaio?a a eaai?aoi?ieo ? ae?iaie/eo oiiaao, a
oaeiae ia?iaoe?, ocaaaeueiaii? ? inieneaii? ?o ?acoeueoao?a, iaienaii?
iaoeiaeo noaoae, o/ano? a i?iaaaeaii? i?eeiaeueieo aei?iaoaaiue
eiiieaeoii? aoaeaeeneioii? onoaiiaee 1EOAAE. Aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aiao??a eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy
i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie i?iaaaeai? ni?eueii c e.o.i. I?oeiith C.A. Aaoi?
aeneiaeth? iiaeyeo an?i, ooi aeiiiiaaaa o aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe.

A??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi
no/anieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue oa i?eeaae?a, noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a
ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, aaeaeaaoi?noth ?acoeueoao?a,
io?eiaieo a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao oa i?ae /an i?iieneiaeo aei?iaoaaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe cae?enithaaeanue ia can?aeaiiyo A/aii?
?aaee Oe?IAe?nie?oa?ii?iae o 1986, 1990-1991 ?ieao, Ananithci?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiae/aneeo
i?ioeannia i?iecaiaenoaa iiauo aeaeia ieuaauo i?iaeoeoia e aeiaaaie.
Eniieueciaaiea aoi?e/iiai nu?uey ieuaauo ?ano?nia” (i. Ee?a, 1991?.),
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ac?aaioea e
aiaae?aiea aunieiyooaeoeaiuo ?ano?ninaa?aaathueo oaoiieiaee,
iai?oaeiaaiey e iiauo aeaeia ieuaauo i?iaeoeoia a ieuaaoth e
ia?a?aaaouaathuoth io?anee AIE” (i. Ee?a, 1991 ?.), I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo
oaoiieia?e ? iaeaaeiaiiy o oa?/iao oa ia?a?iaio aaeoc? AIE” (i. Ee?a,
1993 ?.), I?aeia?iaeiiio aeieia?/iiio eiia?an? “Oaoiieiaey e io?aia
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu” (i. Ai?ii?ae, 1996 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, 5 aeaa, aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?iieneiaino?, ia?ae?eo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (173 iaeiaioaaiiy, c ieo 88 caei?aeiieo aeaea?ae)
? 5 aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 133 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, ia? a nai?io neeaae? 27 oaaeeoeue oa 23 ?enoiea.

C I ? N O ? I A I O E

Aeaaa ?. No/ania oaoiieia?y ooee?caoe?? ae?ieneaeo Aoaeaoeth
(aiae?oe/iee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e)

?nioth/a noaia eiai ooee?caoe?? c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy a Oe?a?i? ?
a e?a?iao NIAe ia aeicaiey? io?eiaoe oiaa?iee i?iaeoeo aeniei? yeino?.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ii ieeneaiith i?aai?/ieo niieoe ia
niaoe?aeueieo eaoae?caoi?ao na?ae/eoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue aeaiiai
niiniao ? iiaeeea?noue eiai canoinoaaiiy aeey i/enoee ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth, ui ooee?co?oueny c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy.

Ia`?eoe, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue ? aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea

Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiioaaeanue o eaai?aoi?ieo
oiiaao ia iiaeaeueieo aaciaeo noi?oao, ye? iane/oaaee aeine?aeaeoaaiei
eiiiiiaioii (aoaiieii, ioeoiaith eeneioith, ioeoiaei aeueaeaa?aeii,
aeeaoeeiaei ao??ii) aei iaaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? (a?aeiia?aeii 20; 10; 3,1;
2,5 a/i3). A ia?o?e na??? aeine?ae?a aeey iiaeaethaaiiy aaciai? noi?o?
aeei?enoiaoaaee aae?e, a a ae?oa?e — ae?ieneae aoaeaoeth. Aeey ieeneaiiy
i?aai?/ieo niieoe a noi?o aeiaeaaaee eenaiue. A aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?ioeano
eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie o caieiaeaiiio
aac?

iiaeaeueio aaciao noi?o i?aeaeaaaee caieiaeaiith aei ai?noo aiaeyii?
ia?e 10 a/i3. Neeaae aaciaeo noi?oae aei ? i?ney ieeneaiiy aecia/aee
iaoiaeii aaciaaeni?aoe?eii? o?iiaoia?ao??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aecia/aiith iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a eaoae?oe/iiai
ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei i?iaiaeeee ia eaai?aoi?i?e onoaiiaoe?,
noaia yei? iiaeaia ia ?en. 1.

Ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth a?ae i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie i?iaiaeeee ia Iii?anueeiio
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio caaiae? AIAe?OIAe. sse?niee ? e?euee?niee neeaae
aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy oa ai?no i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie a aioiaiio
ae?ieneae? aoaeaoeth aecia/aee ca niaoe?aeueieie iaoiaeeeaie,
a?aei?aoeueiaaieie a Oe?IAe?nie?oa?ii?iae.

Aecia/aee neeaae eiiaeainao?a aieiaiianoeeia?aeae?eueiee?a on?o
nooiai?a eiii?ani??a ia Aiae?oo?anueeiio, Aeoaeyinueeiio,
*a?aiiineia?aenueeiio, O?ee?nueeiio nie?ocaaiaeao. I?iae eiiaeainao?a
aiae?coaaee ia ai?no nie?o?a, aeueaeaa?ae?a, iai?aai?/ieo ? i?aai?/ieo
eeneio. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? eiiaeainao?a aeei?enoiaoaaee:
caaaeueiii?eeiyo? o?ceei-o?i?/i? iaoiaee aiae?co, ui canoiniaothoueny o
nie?oiaiio ae?iaieoeoa?, iioaioe?iiao?e/ia oeo?oaaiiy, aaciaa
o?iiaoia?ao?y ? ?iiia o?iiaoia?ao?y.

Aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy
i?aai?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy cae?enithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoiaeieia?? aenia?eiaioaeueii-noaoenoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy (ANI) c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iiooeiai? nenoaie eiii`thoa?iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy.

?ic?iaea niiniao eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a?ae
noiooi?o i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? i?ioeano eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue eaoae?caoi?e ia iniia? a?ae?aoiaaiiai ae?ieneaeo
ia?aaioeth, ine?eueee aiie aaaaeathoueny
iaea?eueo

iecueeioaiia?aoo?ieie eiioaeoi?aie. Aoei i?iaaaeaii eaoae?oe/ia
ieeneaiiy aoaiieo ia i??iethceoiaiio, iaeaae?e-ii?aeai?oiaiio ?
iaeaae?e-ia?aaioeaaiio eaoae?caoi?ao. Iaee?auei eaoae?caoi?ii aeey
ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie aeyaeany iaeaae?e-ia?aaioeaaee IIE-0,24Ae,
ine?eueee i?e eiai aeei?enoaii? ia ooai?th?oueny oaeiai oe?aeeeaiai
i?iaeoeoo iaiiaiiai ieeneaiiy, ye ieneae aoaeaoeth (NI), a iiaia
ieeneaiiy aoeeiaiai nie?oo niinoa??aaeinue ia iueiio i?e a?eueo ieae/eo
oaiia?aoo?ao, i?ae ia ?ioeo eaoae?caoi?ao.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ia`?iii? oaeaeeino? aaciaiai iioieo ia i?ioean
ieeneaiiy aoeeiaiai nie?oo, ye iaea?eueo ianiai? aeii?oee a aacao
nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy iieacaee, ui iaea?eueo iiaia nooi?iue ieeneaiiy
aoaiieo aeinyaiooa i?e ia`?ii?e oaeaeeino? aaciaiai iioieo ~5000 aiae-1
(oaae.1). Aea ca?eueoaiiy aaee/eie ia`?iii? oaeaeeino? aei 8000 aiae-1 a
?ioa?aaeao oaiia?aoo? 220-260 iN nooo?ai ia aieeaaei ia i?ioean
ieeneaiiy, nooi?iue ooai?aiiy NI2 i?e ieeneaii? aoaiieo o an?o aeiaaeeao
iaaeeaeoaaany aei 100 %.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aieea aaee/eie ia`?iii? oaeaeeino? aaco ia nooi?iue

ooai?aiiy ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth i?e ieeneaii? aoaiieo.

Ia`?iia

oaeaee?noue Nooi?iue ooai?aiiy NI2 i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao, %

aaco, aiae-1 140 iN 160 iN 180 iN 200 iN 220 iN 240 iN 260 iN

3500 29,23 38,12 68,75 98,65 99,84 99,91 99,94

5000 34,65 48,04 82,17 99,94 99,96 99,97 99,98

6000 36,83 51,63 80,82 99,91 99,95 99,94 99,97

8000 33,56 47,12 76,43 99,45 99,84 99,92 99,96

10000 40,73 45,63 71,28 99,26 99,70 99,93 99,95

12000 35,61 41,20 69,95 98,57 99,58 99,91 99,92

C iaoith aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? aaee/eie ia`?iii? oaeaeeino? aoea
iiaoaeiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ieeneaiiy aoaiieo.
Ai?ieneiaoe?y oaaee/ii caaeaii? caeaaeiino? ooieoe??th a?ae iie?iiio
aeicaieeea iienaoe i?ioean ieeneaiiy aoaiieo ??aiyiiyi 2-ai ii?yaeeo:

Y= 95,66 + 46,8 X-1 + 127,2 X-2,
(1)

X=1/V,

aea Y — nooi?iue ooai?aiiy ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth. Y ( 99,9 %;

V — ia`?iia oaeaee?noue aaco = 1000 aiae-1.

Ocaaaeueithth/e ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iiaeia
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?e oaiia?aoo?? 200 iN aeinyaa?oueny nooi?iue
ooai?aiiy ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth 99,932 % i?e iioeiaeuei?e oaeaeeino?
aaciaiai iioieo 5440 aiae-1.

Aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeo?aoe eenith ia eaoae?oe/ia ieeneaiiy
aoaiieo i?e ia`?ii?e oaeaeeino? aaco ~5000 aiae-1 (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Aieea eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith ia nooi?iue ooai?aiiy ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth

i?e ieeneaii? aoeeiaiai nie?oo.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith, Nooi?iue ooai?aiiy NI2 i?e oaiia?aoo?ao, %

ia.% 140 iN 160 iN 180 iN 200 iN 220 iN 240 iN 260 iN

20 67,32 69,78 91,37 99,98 99,99 100 100

10 64,20 76,84 84,50 99,97 99,98 100 100

8 47,69 73,2 87,43 99,96 99,98 99,99 100

5 34,87 49,74 81,83 99,95 99,97 99,98 99,99

4 31,26 35,64 55,29 73,78 92,46 94,75 98,2

3 19,13 24,35 40,46 62,24 75,42 84,21 90,1

sse aeaeii c aeaieo oaaeeoe? 2, cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe eenith c 20 ia.%
aei 5 ia.% o ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? 200 — 260 iN ia aieeaaei ia
nooi?iue ooai?aiiy ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth i?e ieeneaii? aoeeiaiai nie?oo:
a?i ia?aaeuoaaa 99,95 %.

Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ieeneaiiy aoaiieo i?e ??cieo
eiioeaio?aoe?yo eenith a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e aeicaieeei iienaoe
i?ioean ooieoe??th aeaeyaeo

, (2)

aea O — eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith;

Y — oaiia?aoo?a ieeneaiiy aoaiieo.

Caaaeueia ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy (2), oiaoi eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith, i?e ye?e
oaiia?aoo?a ieeneaiiy aoaiieo i?i?iaeueia, a nooi?iue ooai?aiiy
ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth aei??aith? 99,9 %, ia? cia/aiiy i?e Y=199,3 iN;
O=6,92 %. Oaeei /eiii, i?e i?i?iaeuei?e oaiia?aoo?? ieeneaiiy aoaiieo
199 iN eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith noaiiaeea ~7 ia.%.

C iaoith aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? oaiia?aoo?e ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo
i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy aoei i?iaaaeaii eaoae?oe/ia ieeneaiiy aoeeiaiai
nie?oo, aeeaoeeiaiai ao??o, ioeoiai? eeneioe ? ioeoiaiai aeueaeaa?aeo a
?ioa?aaeao oaiia?aoo? 130-260 iN. Iiaia ieeneaiiy on?o i?aai?/ieo
?a/iaei, ui i?noyoueny a NI2 a?aeaoaaeiny i?e oaiia?aoo?? 210 —
230 iN.

Caieiaeaiiy ?aaeoe?eii? noi?o? aei ai?noo aiaeyii? ia?e 10 a/i3
nooo?ai ia aieeaaei ia iiaiioo ieeneaiiy aoaiieo. Iaeaae?e-ia?aaioeaaee
eaoae?caoi? aoaeoeaii i?aoethaaa ye o nooiio, oae ? o caieiaeaiiio
na?aaeiaeuao.

Aoee iiaoaeiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? i?ioeano i/enoee aaciai? noi?o?
(93 % NI2 ? 7 % eenith) a?ae i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie (aoaiieo, aeeaoeeiaiai
ao??o, ioeoiai? eeneioe ? ioeoiaiai aeueaeaa?aeo) c iaoith aecia/aiiy
iioeiaeueii? oaiia?aoo?e ?o ieeneaiiy. Coaoenoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy
io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeicaieeei iienaoe i?ioean a
?ioa?aae? cia/aiue Y=50-100 % ca aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy

Y = Ao + A1 Ln(A2(X+A3)),
(3)

aea Y — nooi?iue ooai?aiiy ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth i?e ieeneaii?
i?aai?/ieo

niieoe;

X — oaiia?aoo?a ieeneaiiy.

Ia?aiao?e ooieoe?? Ai, A1, A2 ? A3 aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii i?i?iaeueiiai
aaniethoiiai a?aeoeeaiiy aeey eiaeii? caeaaeiino? ie?aii.

Ocaaaeueithth/e ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iiaeia
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ?aaeoe?y iiaiiai ieeneaiiy eeniaai?nieo i?aai?/ieo
?a/iaei (aoaiieo, ioeoiai? eeneioe, aeeaoeeiaiai ao??o, ioeoiaiai
aeueaeaa?aeo) ia iaeaae?e-ia?aaioeaaiio eaoae?caoi?? IIE-0,24Ae
a?aeaoaaeanue i?e oaeeo iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao?ao:

— oaiia?aoo?a eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy — 210-230 iN;

— ia`?iia oaeaee?noue iiaea/? aaco ~ 5000 aiae-1;

— ai?no eenith ~ 7 ia.%.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeo eiiaeainao?a I?aai?/ieo ? iai?aai?/ieo aeii?oie,
ui ooai?ththoueny i?e nooi?i/anoiio noeniaii? ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth

Cia/ia /anoea aeii?oie, ui i?noyoueny a aacao nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy,
eiiaeaino?oueny a i?aenooi?i/anoeo oieiaeeeueieeao ? aeaiaeeoueny i?e
i?iaeoaaii? aieiaiianoeeia?aeae?eueiee?a eiii?ani?a o aeaeyae?
eiiaeainao?a.

C iaoith c`ynoaaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ii i?aai?/iei
aeii?oeai ia i?aenooi?i/anoa eiii?ani?ia iaeaaeiaiiy aeey iiaeaeueoiai
ooi/iaiiy i?noey ?icoaooaaiiy aia?aoa eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth a aia?aoo?ii-oaoiieia?/i?e noai? eiai ae?iaieoeoaa aoa
aecia/aiee ye?niee ? e?euee?niee neeaae aeii?oie aaciiiae?aiiai NI2 ?
?o eiiaeainao?a, ui ooai?ththoueny i?e eiii?eioaaii? aaco (oaae. 3, 4).

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue onoaiiaeaii, ui ae?ieneae
aoaeaoeth ? eiiaeainaoe, ooai?ai? i?e eiai noeniaii? oa ianooiiiio
ioieiaeaeaii? a i?aenooi?i/anoeo oaieiiai?iieeao eiii?ani?a, i?noeee
cia/io e?euee?noue i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie — nie?o?a (aoeeiaee, i?ii?eiaee,
?ciaooeeiaee) (0,13-9,43 ia.%), aeueaeaa?ae?a (aei 374 ia/e), i?aai?/ieo
eeneio (aei 1300 ia/e) (oaae.4).

Oaaeeoey 3

Neeaae aac?a a?iae?iiy nie?oiaeo caaiae?a

I?noea Ai?no aeii?oie, ia/i3 Ai?no

a?aea??o i?ia Nie?oe

Aeueaeaa?aee Ao??e I?aai?/i? eeneioe NI2,

% ia.

O?ee?nueeee nie?ocaaiae

A?iaeeeueia a?aeae?eaiiy

— ca?iaeaeoaaiiy

iaeyniiai nonea;

— ca?iaeaeoaaiiy ca?iiaiai nonea

11340( 570

10764( 540

150(8

75(4

750(38

75(4

30(2

50(2,5

99,5

99,5

Oeao ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth 9720( 485 50(2,5 60(3 10(0,55 99,8

Oiaa?iee NI2

790(40 — — 0,1 99,8

Aiae?oo?anueeee nie?ocaaiae

(ne?iaeia — iaeyna)

A?iaeeeueia

a?aeae?eaiiy 11500( 580 450(23 200(10 30(2 99,7

Oeao ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth 10580( 530 100(5 85(4 10(0,55 99,8

Oiaa?iee NI2 10120( 108 15(1 85(5 4(0,2 99,8

Iii?anueeee aenia?eiaioaeueiee caaiae

(ne?iaeia — iaeyna)

A?iaeeeueia

a?aeae?eaiiy 9800( 490 60(3 1100(57 30(2 99,6

Oeao ae?ieneaeo

aoaeaoeth 5580( 280 40(2 1000(50 17(1 99,75

Oiaa?iee NI2 4800( 240 20(1,3 200(10 8(0,5 99,8

Ei?inoeo?anueeee nie?ocaaiae

(ne?iaeia — ca?ii)

Oiaa?iee NI2

1650( 83 290(14 100(5 45(2,5 99,9

Oaaeeoey 4

?acoeueoaoe o?i?/iiai aiae?co eiiaeainao?a ii nooiaiyi

eiii?ani?a nie?oiaeo caaiae?a

I?noea a?aeai?o i?ia ?I Nie?oe,

ia. % Aeueaeaa?aee,

ia/e I?aai?/i? eeneioe,

ia/e

O?ee?nueeee nie?ocaaiae

? nooi?iue 6,25 0,45(0,02 118(6 111(5

?? nooi?iue 6,1 0,84(0,04 107(5 124(6

??? nooi?iue 5,6 1,1(0,05 152(8 169(8

Eioaeoeueeee nie?ocaaiae

? nooi?iue 5,55 7,16(0,30 341(17 157( 8

?? nooi?iue 4,25 9,43(0,42 428(21 266(13

??? nooi?iue 0,60 15,32(0,73 675(34 2744(137

Iaeiaenuee?anueeee nie?ocaaiae

? nooi?iue 4,7 3,50(0,17 138( 7 217(11

?? nooi?iue 3,2 4,16(0,18 151( 8 395(20

??? nooi?iue 0,8 5,25(0,20 372(19 2431(120

AEiaoiaaee nie?ocaaiae

? nooi?iue 5,00 2,20(0,11 132(7 182( 9

?? nooi?iue 3,85 3,14(0,16 135(7 326(18

??? nooi?iue 2,20 4,61(0,23 147(8 751(38

Aiae?oo?anueeee nie?ocaaiae

? nooi?iue 5,75 3,35(0,17 121( 6 110( 5

?? nooi?iue 5,1 3,40(0,17 146( 7 174( 8

??? nooi?iue 1,7 4,73(0,24 339(17 1420(71

A eiiaeainaoao aieiaiianoeeia?aeae?eueiee?a aeyaeai? NO3-, Cl-, SO42-,
ye? iaoiiaethaaee iayai?noue acioii? ?, a iaaaeee?e e?eueeino?, n??/aii?
? nieyii? eeneio. Iaea?eueo aeniea eiioeaio?aoe?y acioii? ? i?aai?/ieo
eeneio niinoa??aaeanue a eiiaeainaoao ??? ? IV nooiai?a eiii?ani?a. Oea
iia`ycaii c oei, ui ae?ieneae aoaeaoeth, yeee iaaeoiaeea ia noeniaiiy a
inoaii?e nooi?iue eiii?ani?a, iaa a?eueo iecueeee aieiaiai?no, ine?eueee
eiai iniiaia iaaeeeoeiaa aieiaa aaea neiiaeainoaaeanue i?e ioieiaeaeaii?
aaco a i?aenooi?i/anoeo oaieiiai?iieeao iiia?aaei?o nooiai?a
eiii?ani?o. Eiiaeainaoe a i?aenooi?i/anoeo aieiaia?aeae?eueieeao
ooai?thaaeenue aiane?aeie iaaeeeoeiaiai ia?oe?aeueiiai oeneo aiaeyii?
ia?e, ui a?aeiia?aeaa oeneo noeniaiiy ? ? ?? nooiai?a eiii?ani?a (0,8 ?
2,0 IIa a?aeiia?aeii). I?ney eiii?eioaaiiy ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a
inoaiiueiio nooiai? eiii?ani?a aei ? = 7,5 IIa
iaaeeeoeiaee ia?oe?aeueiee oene aiaeyii? ia?e ca oeeo oiia iaaaeeeee,
oiio aieiae eiiaeainoaaeinue iaei, a ?ic/eii?noue aeii?oie, iaaiaee, ?c
c?inoaiiyi oeneo ca?eueooaaeanue. Oe? oiiae aeeeeeathoue iineeaio
ei?ic?th noae? ? i?ecaiaeyoue aei ?oeioaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy
aoaeaeeneioieo oeao?a, iniaeeai i?ney ?? nooiaiy eiii?eioaaiiy. Oae?
ianoaaeie iaoiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth
aei ??? nooiaiy eiii?ani?a.

Noai?aiiy i?iieneiai? onoaiiaee eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth i?e Eiai

ooee?caoe?? c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy

Ia iniia? eaai?aoi?ieo ? aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
noai?aia i?iieneiaa onoaiiaea eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth
a?ae noiooi?o i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy i?e eiai ooee?caoe?? c aac?a
nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy. Onoaiiaea aoea ciiioiaaia ia Iii?anueeiio
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio caaiae? AIAe?OIAe ? i?ney oni?oieo i?iieneiaeo
aei?iaoaaiue aeeth/aia aei oaoiieia?/ii? noaie ae?iaieoeoaa ??aeeiai
ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth (?en.2).

C ia?aiao?aie iaai?oaiiy ??? nooiaiy eiii?ani?a (oene 1,7-2,8 IIa ?
oaiia?aoo?a 100-115 iN) aac iaaeoiaeeoue ia onoaiiaeo eaoae?oe/ii?
i/enoee a?ae noiooi?o i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie, ui neeaaea?oueny c
?aeoia?aoe?eiiai oaieiiai?iieea iic.6, aeaeo?ii?ae?a??aieea iic.7 ?
?aaeoi?a eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee iic.8. A ?aeoia?aoe?eiiio oaieiiai?iieeo
a?aeaoaa?oueny iaa??aaiiy iioieo ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth, ui i/eua?oueny,
a?ae oaiia?aoo? 100-115 iN aei 180-200 iN ca ?aooiie oaiea cono??/iiai
iioieo i/euaiiai NI22, ui aeoiaeeoue c ?aaeoi?a eaoae?oe/ii?
i/enoee c oaiia?aoo?ith 220-250 iN. I?e oeueiio i/euaiee aaciaee iio?e
ioieiaeaeo?oueny a oaieiiai?iieeo aei oaiia?aoo?e 160 iN.

Aeae? ae?ieneae aoaeaoeth c oaiia?aoo?ith 180-200 iN iaaeoiaeeoue a
aeaeo?ii?ae?a??aiee iic.7, aea iaa??aa?oueny aei oaiia?aoo?e 220 — 230
iN, a iio?i ca ?aooiie aecioa?i?/ii? ?aaeoe?? a eaoae?oe/iiio ?aaeoi??
aaciaee iio?e ?ic?a??aa?oueny aei 250 iN. A ?aaeoi?? ia iiaa?oi?
eaoae?caoi?a a i?enooiino? eenith a?aeaoaa?oueny ieeneaiiy on?o
i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie (nie?o?a, ao???a, aeueaeaa?ae?a, i?aai?/ieo eeneio)
aei oe?eueiaiai i?iaeoeoo — ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth ? aiaee. I?e oeueiio
e?euee?noue eenith, ui aaiaeeoueny a aaciaee iio?e ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth,
yeee iaaeoiaeeoue ia aniieooaaiiy 1-ai nooiaiy eiii?ani?a, no?iai
aeico?oueny ?ioaiao?ii.

Ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy onoaiiaee i?iaiaeeeenue o aeaio ?aaeeiao: i?e
iaeneiaeueiiio iaaaioaaeaii? ii i?aai?/ieo aeii?oeao (aac ia?aeiii?
aiaeii? i?iieaee a i?iieaiiio ne?oaa??) ? i?e ii?iaeueiiio ?aaeei? (c
iiia?aaeiueith aiaeiith i?iieaeith).

?acoeueoaoe i?iieneiaeo aei?iaoaaiue onoaiiaee eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee
iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 6.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo ae?iaie/eo aei?iaoaaiue onoaiiaee eaoae?oe/ii?
i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a?ae noiooi?o i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie
i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao i/enoee.

Oaaeeoey 5

?acoeueoaoe i?iieneiaeo aei?iaoaaiue onoaiiaee eaoae?oe/ii?

i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a?ae noiooi?o i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie

I?noea a?aeai?o Ai?no

NI2, Aeo?aoa

I2 ia Ai?no aeii?oie, ia/i3

i?ia aaco ia.% ieeneai-

iy, i3/aiae Nie?oe

Aeueaeaa?aee

Ao??e

I?aai?/.

eeneioe

A ?aaeei? iaeneiaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ii i?aai?/iei aeii?oeai

Ia aoiae? a onoaiiaeo i/enoee (i?ney ??? nooiaiy)

99,6

1386

1537

1423

18,5

19,6

18,2

1000

1100

1000

17,0

18,5

17,3

Ia aeoiae?

c onoaiiaee

i/enoee 99,6 0,213 985

1126

1020 Aei iaaec-

ia/aieo

aaee/ei 650

700

650 Aei iaaec-

ia/aieo

aaee/ei

(o?oaii?i-a?ae aniie-ooaaiiy ?V nooiaiy 99,6 0,371 654

810

692

— “ —

450

500

470

— “ —

eiii?ani?a) 99,6 0,421 574

685

591

— “ —

350

425

350

— “ —

99,7 0,498 410

542

434

— “ — 250

300

250

— “ —

99,7 0,536 327

465

367

— “ — 220

250

200

— “ —

99,7 0,636 144

275

187

— “ — 50

100

50

— “ —

99,75 0,670 95

186

110

— “ — 10

50

10

— “ —

99,75 0,774 Aei ia-aecia/. aaee/ei — “ — Aei ia-aecia/. aaee/ei — “

I?e ii?iaeueiiio ?aaeei? (aeeth/aia aiaeia i?iieaea NI2)

Ia aoiae? a onoaiiaeo i/enoee 99,75 — 345

361

380 13,0

12,5

13,0 550

600

600 15,0

14,5

15,0

Ia aeoiae?

c onoaiiaee

i/enoee 99,78 0,190 3,5

2,7

9,3 Aei iaaec-

ia/aieo

aaee/ei 250

300

300 Aei iaaec-

ia/aieo

aaee/ei

99,85 0,213 Aei ia-aecia-

/aieo

aaee/ei

— “ — 200

250

250

— “ —

99,85 0,371 — “ — — “ — Aei iaaeci.

aaee/ei — “ —

Aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?iieneiaino?

1. ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeey ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie, ye? i?noyoueny a
ae?ieneae? aoaeaoeth aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaeaae?e-ia?aaioeaaee eaoae?caoi?
IIE-0,24Ae, ui ia? oae? niaoeeo?/i? aeanoeaino?, ye aeniea aeoeai?noue,
iecueea oaiia?aoo?a ?aaeoe?? ieeneaiiy, no?ee?noue aei aiaeyii? ia?e,
i?eoaiaii? eaoae?caoi?ai, aeaioiaeaiei oeyoii i?iiioe?oaaiiy
aeaai?iaeiei iaoaeii aeoeaiiai iin?y.

2. Aecia/aii iioeiaeueio oaiia?aoo?o ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a
a?iae?iiy i?e i?iaaaeaii? i?ioeano eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth. Iiaia ieeneaiiy on?o i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei, ui i?noeeenue a NI2
— nie?o?a, ao???a, aeueaeaa?ae?a, i?aai?/ieo eeneio a?aeaoaaeinue i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 220 — 230 iN.

3. Iieacaii, ui iaea?eueo iiaiiai nooiaiy ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie
aeinyaiooi i?e ia`?ii?e oaeaeeino? iioieo 5440 aiae-1. Aea ca?eueoaiiy
ia`?iii? oaeaeeino? aei 8 000 aiae-1 a ?ioa?aaeao oaiia?aoo? 220-260 iN
nooo?ai ia aieeaaei ia i?ioean ieeneaiiy.

4. Aeieacaii, ui caieiaeaiiy aaciaiai iioieo aei aieiaiai?noo 10 a/i3
ia ci?ithaaei ia?aiao??a eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo niieoe.
Aeoeai?noue iaeaae?e-ia?aaioeaaiai eaoae?caoi?a ye a noo?e, oae ?
caieiaeai?e aacia?e noi?o? ia ciaiooaaeanue.

5. Onoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueiee ai?no eenith a aacia?e noi?o?, i?e yeiio
a?aeaoaaeinue iiaia ieeneaiiy noiooi?o ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth i?aai?/ieo
i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy ~ 7 ia. %. O ae?iaie/eo oiiaao i?e i?iaeoeoeaiino?
onoaiiaee 300 ea/aiae aeo?aoa eenith ia ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie
i?e ?o iaeneiaeueiiio iaaaioaaeaii? ~ 0,15 ian.% neeaaeaea 0,774 i3/aiae
aai 4,0 ea eenith ia 1 o ??aeeiai ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth aeuiai
ni?oo. I?e ?iaio? onoaiiaee eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth a ii?iaeueiiio ?aaeei? c iiia?aaeiueith aiaeiith i?iieaeith
aac?a a?iae?iiy aeey ieeneaiiy aeii?oie a e?eueeino? 0,05 % aeinoaoiuei
aoei iiaeaaaoe 0,371 i3/aiae eenith aai ia 1 o ??aeeiai ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth aeo?aoa eiai neeaaeaea 2,0 ea.

6. Aecia/aii ye?niee ? e?euee?niee neeaae eiiaeainao?a
aieiaiianoeeia?aeae?eueiee?a ii an?o nooiaiyo eiii?ani?a ia ??cieo
nie?oiaeo caaiaeao aeacoaaa ia aenieee ai?no acioii? (aei 2 a/e) ?
i?aai?/ieo eeneio (3-4 a/e) a eiiaeainaoao aieiaiianoeeia?aeae?eueiee?a
??? cooiaiy eiii?ani?a oa o?ioe ?o iaioo e?euee?noue (aei 0,4 a/e) a
eiiaeainaoao ? ? ?? cooiai?a eiii?ani?a.

7. ?aeiiaiaeiaaii c iaoith caiia?aaiiy oaeaeeiai ei?ic?eiiai ?oeioaaiiy
iaeaaeiaiiy i/enoeo ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth i?iaiaeeoe ia?aae inoaii?i
nooiaiai noeniaiiy i?e oeneo 2,5-3,0 IIa, ui a?aeiia?aea? oeneo
iaai?oaiiy ?? nooiaiy 3-o nooi?i/anoiai eiii?ani?a aai ??? nooiaiy 4-o
nooi?i/anoiai eiii?ani?a.

8. ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth
caeeaaeaia a “Oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeaiaio ae?iaieoeoaa ??aeeiai aeaiieeno
aoaeaoeth c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy”.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noai?aia
i?iieneiaa onoaiiaea eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a?ae
noiooi?o i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie ia Iii?anueeiio aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
caaiae?. Onoaiiaea i?ieoea i?aea?aeii/? i?eeiaeuei? aei?iaoaaiiy ?
?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei na??eiiai aeaioiaeaiiy.

9. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy onoaiiaee eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee
o aoaeaeeneioiiio ae?iaieoeoa? neeaaea? 30 000 a?eaaiue ia ??e aeey
oeaoa ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa?ii? aoaeaeeneioe iiooaei?noth 2000 o/??e.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo i?aoeyo:

1. I?oeia C.A., Aeaieeiaa E.I., Eoeaaaiei ?.A. Aoaeaeeneioi? onoaiiaee
// Oa?/iaa ? ia?a?iaia i?iieneia?noue. — 1993. — ?9. — N.24-25.

2. I?oeia C.A., Aeaieeiaa E.I., Aii/a? E.N. C aac?a a?iae?iiy //
Oa?/iaa ? ia?a?iaia i?iieneia?noue. — 1996. — ? 4. — N. 23-24.

3. I?oeia C.A., Aeaieeiaa E.I. Aeaiieen aoaeaoeth: aeiiae aei
yeino? // Oa?/iaa ? ia?a?iaia i?iieneia?noue. — 1997. — ? 4. — N. 27.

4. Ieoeia C.A., Aeaieeiaa A.I. Iaania/aiea yeieiae/aneie /enoiou
aoiinoa?iiai aicaeooa a?iaeeeueiuo i?iecaiaenoa // Oacenu e noaouee
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai yeieiae/aneiai eiia?anna “Oaoiieiaey e io?aia
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu”. — Ai?iiaae. — 1996. — N. 65-66.

5. Ieoeia C.A., Aeaieeiaa A.I. Iniaaiiinoe oaoiieiaee ooeeecaoeee
aeaoieene oaea?iaea ec aacia a?iaeaiey ieaiaa?aiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa //
Ieaiaa?. — 1995. — ? 2. — N.27-28.

6. Ieoeia C.A., Aeaieeiaa A.I. Eaoaeeoe/aneee iaoiae i/enoee
aeeieneaea oaea?iaea a ieuaauo i?iecaiaenoaao // Oac. aeiee. Anan.
iao/ii-oaoi. eiio. “Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia
i?iec-aiaenoaa iiauo aeaeia ieuaauo i?iaeoeoia e aeiaaaie.
Eniieueciaaiea aoi?e/iiai nu?uey ieuaauo ?ano?nia”. — Eeaa. — 1991. — N.
61.

7. Ieoeia C.A., Aeaieeiaa A.I. I?eiaiaiea iiaiai niiniaa
eaoaeeoe/aneie i/enoee i?e iieo/aiee aeeieneaea oaea?iaea ec aacia
a?iaeaiey ieuaauo i?iecaiaenoa // Oac. aeiee. ?ani. iao/ii-oaoi. eiio.
“?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aiea aunieiyooaeoeaiuo ?ano?ninaa?aaathueo
oaoiieiaee, iai?oaeiaaiey e iiauo aeaeia ieuaauo i?iaeoeoia a ieuaaoth e
ia?a?aaaouaathuea io?anee AIE”. — Eeaa. — 1991. — N. 72.

8. Aeaieeiaa E.I., I?oeia C.A., Eoeaaaiei ?.A. Onoaiiaea aeey
io?eiaiiy aeaiieeno aoaeaoeth c aac?a a?iae?iiy ieaiaa?iiai
ae?ia-ieoeoaa//Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aei. iaoe.-oaoi. eiio. “?ic?iaea oa
ai?i-aaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e ? iaeaaeiaiiy o oa?/iao oa ia?a?iai?
aaeoc?

AIE ”, 19-21 aeiaoiy 1993 ?. — E. — 1993. — N.258.

A I I O A Oe ? ?

Aeaieeiaa E.I. ?ic?iaea eaoae?oe/iiai niiniao i/enoee ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth i?e eiai ooee?caoe?? c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.07 — oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy. —
Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, Ee?a, 1999.

?ac?iaeaia iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia oaoiieia?y i/enoee ae?ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth, ui ooee?co?oueny c aac?a nie?oiaiai a?iae?iiy a?ae noiooi?o
i?aai?/ieo aeii?oie, yea aaco?oueny ia canoinoaaii? niiniao
eaoae?oe/iiai ieeneaiiy. I?eaaaeai? iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e eaoae?oe/iiai
ieeneaiiy i?aai?/ieo i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy (nie?o?a, ao???a,
aeueaeaa?ae?a, i?aai?/ieo eeneio) ia iaeaae?e-ia?aaioeaaiio eaoae?caoi??
IIE-0,24Ae. Aeine?aeaeaiee ye?niee ? e?euee?niee neeaae i?aai?/ieo ?
iai?aai?/ieo aeii?oie aaciiiae?aiiai ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth ?
eiiaeainao?a, ui ooai?ththoueny ii nooiaiyi noeniaiiy NI2. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie ?iaioe noai?aia i?iieneiaa onoaiiaea eaoae?oe/ii? i/enoee
ae?ieneaeo aoaeaoeth a?ae noiooi?o i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aace a?iae?iiy, ae?ieneae aoaeaoeth, i/enoea,
eaoae?oe/ia ieeneaiiy, onoaiiaea.

Aeaieeiaa A.I. ?ac?aaioea eaoaeeoe/aneiai niiniaa i/enoee aeeieneaea
oaea?iaea i?e aai ooeeecaoeee ec aacia nie?oiaiai a?iaeaiey. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.07 — oaoiieiaey i?iaeoeoia a?iaeaiey. —
Oe?aeineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ieuaauo oaoiieiaee, Eeaa, 1999.

N iiauoaieai oaoie/aneiai o?iaiy ?acaeoey i?iiuoeaiiinoe ?anoe?yaony
iaeanoue i?eiaiaiey aeeieneaea oaea?iaea. Aianoa n oai aic?anoatho e
o?aaiaaiey e ea/anoao iieo/aiiiai NI2. Iaeiaei nouanoaothuay noaia
ooeeecaoeee aeeieneaea oaea?iaea ec aacia nie?oiaiai a?iaeaiey a Oe?aeia
e a no?aiao NIA ia iicaieyao iieo/eoue oiaa?iue i?iaeoeo aunieiai
ea/anoaa. Enoiaey ec yoiai, auea ?ac?aaioaia iao/ii iainiiaaiiay
oaoiieiaey i/enoee aeeieneaea oaea?iaea, ooeeece?oaiiai ec aacia
nie?oiaiai a?iaeaiey io niioonoaothueo i?aaie/aneeo i?eianae, iniiaaiiay
ia i?eiaiaiee niiniaa eaoaeeoe/aneiai ieeneaiey. Yenia?eiaioaeueiay
/anoue enneaaeiaaiee i?iaiaeeeanue a eaai?aoi?iuo oneiaeyo ia
iiaeaeueiuo aaciauo nianyo, eioi?ua ianuuaee enneaaeoaiui eiiiiiaioii
(yoaiieii, oenoniie eeneioie, oenoniui aeueaeaaeaeii, aeeyoeeiaui
yoe?ii) aei ii?aaeaeaiiie eiioeaio?aoeee. Ieeneaiea i?aaie/aneeo
i?eianae i?iaiaeeee ia iaeeaaeee-ia?aaioeaaii eaoaeecaoi?a IIE-0,24Ae. N
iiiiuueth iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey auee ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua
ia?aiao?u eaoaeeoe/aneiai ieeneaiey i?aaie/aneeo i?iaeoeoia a?iaeaiey:
oaiia?aoo?a ieeneaiey — 210-230 iN; iauaiiay nei?inoue iiaea/e aaca
~5000 /-1; niaea?aeaiea eenei?iaea ~7 ia.%. Enneaaeiaai ea/anoaaiiue e
eiee/anoaaiiue ninoaa i?aaie/aneeo e iai?aaie/aneeo i?eianae
aaciia?aciiai aeeieneaea oaea?iaea e eiiaeainaoia, ia?acothueony ii
nooiaiyi naeaoey NI2 ia ?acee/iuo nie?oiauo caaiaeao. Iaeaieaa aunieay
eiioeaio?aoeey i?eianae iaaethaeaeanue a eiiaeainaoao ??? e ?V nooiaiae
eiii?anni?a, /oi aucuaaei oneeaiioth ei??iceth noaee e i?eaiaeeei e
?ac?ooaieth oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey oaeaeeneioiuo oeaoia. Yoe
ianoiyoaeuenoaa iaoneaaeeaaee iaiaoiaeeiinoue i/enoee aeeieneaea
oaea?iaea ia?aae iineaaeiae nooiaiueth eiii?eie?iaaiey. ?ac?aaioaiiay
oaoiieiaey eaoaeeoe/aneie i/enoee aeeth/aia a “Oaoiieiae/aneee ?aaeaiaio
i?iecaiaenoaa aeeaeeie aeaoieene oaea?iaea ec aacia nie?oiaiai
a?iaeaiey”. Ii ?acoeueoaoai ?aaiou nicaeaia i?iiuoeaiiay onoaiiaea
eaoaeeoe/aneie i/enoee aeeieneaea oaea?iaea io niioonoaothueo i?iaeoeoia
a?iaeaiey. Onoaiiaea auea niiioe?iaaia ia Iiiianeii yenia?eiaioaeueiii
caaiaea AIEEIIAe e iinea oniaoiuo i?iiuoeaiiuo eniuoaiee aeeth/aia a
oaoiieiae/aneoth noaio i?iecaiaenoaa aeeaeeiai aeeieneaea oaea?iaea. A
i?ioeanna eniuoaiee aue ii?aaeaeai ?anoiae eenei?iaea ia ieeneaiea
i?aaie/aneeo i?eianae. I?e iaeneiaeueiie iaa?ocea ii i?aaie/aneei
i?eianyi (aac ia?ae/iie aiaeiie i?iiuaee a ne?oaaa?a) ii ninoaaeye ~4 ea
ia 1 o aeeaeeiai aeeieneaea oaea?iaea. A ii?iaeueiii ?aaeeia ?aaiou
onoaiiaee aeinoaoi/ii auei iiaeaaaoue eenei?iae a eiee/anoaa 2 ea/o.
Yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo io aiaae?aiey onoaiiaee eaoaeeoe/aneie i/enoee a
oaeaeeneioiii i?iecaiaenoaa ninoaaeo 30 000 a?i. a aiae aeey oeaoa
i?iecaiaenoaa oiaa?iie oaeaeeneiou iiuiinoueth 2000 o/aiae.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aacu a?iaeaiey, aeeieneae oaea?iaea, i/enoea,
eaoaeeoe/aneia ieeneaiea, onoaiiaea.

Danilova E.O. Catalytic method of purification of carbon dioxide by its
wastage from alcohol fermentation gas. — Manuscript.

Submit one`s thesis for a Technical Siences Candidate degree,
specialized 05.18.07 — fermentation products technology. — Ukrainian
University of Food Technologies, Kyiv, 1999.

The sience well-founded technology of purification of carbon dioxide by
its wastage from alcohol fermentation gas from organic admixtures have
based on using of catalytic oxidizing method. The optimal parameters of
catalytic oxidizing of organic fermentation products (spirits, ethers,
aldehydes, organic acids) have leaded to a conclusion at
palladium-manganese catalyst PMC-0,24D. Quality and quantity composition
of organic and non organic admixtures of gaseous carbon dioxide and
condensates what formation by step compression CO2 have studying.
Industrial plant of catalytic purification of carbon dioxide from
attendant fermentation products have created by results of this work.

Key words: fermentation gas, carbon dioxide, purification, catalytic
oxidation, plant.

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