Розробка ефективної методики обчислювального експерименту оцінки несучої здатності на етапі відпрацювання вагової досконалості елементів конструкцій в

Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I. ?. AEoeianueeiai

“Oa?e?anueeee aa?aoe?eiee ?inoeooo”

Eiciaeoeueeee ?ai? A?ii?neaaiae/

OAeE 678.027: 679.76: 629.7.03

?ic?iaea aoaeoeaii? iaoiaeeee

ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo ioe?iee iano/i? caeaoiino?

ia aoai? a?aei?aoethaaiiy aaaiai? aeineiiaeino?

aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e aaeeeiaaaa?eoieo ?AeOI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.07. 03 –I?oei?noue e?oaeueieo aia?ao?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aea?aeaaiiio aa?ieini?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I. ?.
AEoeianueeiai

“Oa?e?anueeee aa?aoe?eiee ?inoeooo”, I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie,

oa Iaaeia?aaenueeiio eieaaeae? aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy, I?iina?oe
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe Oeiia A?oae?e Aiae??eiae/,

Iaaeia?aaenueeee eieaaeae aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy

a.i. i?ioani?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee oa oaoi?ee,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?A* Aaeaioei Aiaoie?eiae/,

No?aeii-oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?e;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Eueiyiee A?oae?e Ieeieaeiae/,

Iaaeia?aaenueeee iaoai?/iee caaiae,

AI “I?aaeaiiee iaoeiiaoae?aiee caaiae”,

i?ia?aeiee oao?aaoeue

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie

i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «22» aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae64.062.03 o Aea?aeaaiiio aa?ieini?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.?. AEoeianueeiai “OA?” ca aae?anith: 310070, i.
Oa?e?a-70, aoe. *eaeiaa, 17.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaiiai
aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?iai? I. ?. AEoeianueeiai “OA?”.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «20» aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ________________ A. E. Ei?i?eia

1

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie

Iaiao?aei?noue anaa?/ii? ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aeiiii?ee ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia
c i?enei?aiiyi iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, iaeaaaeeea?oeie iai?yieaie
yeiai ? noai?aiiy oa canai?iiy i?eioeeiiai iiai? oaoi?ee oa oaoiieia??,
aaoiiaoecaoe?y oa iaoai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa.

Oe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a o ??ciiiai?oi?
aaeoc? i?iieneiaino?, oa o ia?oo /a?ao a aa?ieini?/io oaoi?eo, iinoaaeei
aei i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy iano/eo eiino?oeoe?e ?aeaoieo aeaeaoi?a
??ciiiai?oiee ae?aiacii aeiia ii aia?aiaaaii?e aeineiiaeino?, ui
aacoieiii iioe?th?oueny oa oneeaaeith?oueny. Ii?yae c oeei, ?icaeoie
cania?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy noai?a oa iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe?e
? i?ioean?a aeicaiey? ?noioii i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
iane/aiino? i?i ia’?eoe ?ic?iaee oa, caaaeyee oeueiio, caaacia/eoe iiyao
ia?niaeoeaieo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue.

Iaeiae, a?aenooi?noue a?aei?aoeueiaaieo i?aeoe/ieo iaoiaeee i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa iioei?caoe?? noaaeyoue eiino?oeoi?a o
neooaoe?th, eiee a?i c iaeiiai aieo, noa? iani?iiiaeiee o?aaeeoe?eieie
caniaaie ?ic?iaeyoe eiino?oeoe?? c a?aooaaiiyi inoaii?o aeinyaiaiue
oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, a c ?ioiai aieo, ia iiaea oe?iei canoinoaaoe
?nioth/ee o iei?oi?e /an ?ino?oiaioa??e iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, ui,
o e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo, i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaa?aeiia?aeiino? i?iaeoieo
??oaiue, ui aaeeaathoueny iei, ??aith iaee?aueo na?oiaeo c?ace?a. Oe?
noia?a/eea? oaeoi?e ciooothoue ooeaoe oa canoiniaoaaoe iia? caoiaee oa
caniae i?aoe? eiino?oeoi?a, ui aeicaieyoue i?aeaeueoe ia o?eueee
i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ?ic?iaieea, aea e ye?noue i?iaeoieo ??oaiue ,ui
i?eeiathoueny.

Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei aeoiaeii c aeaii? neooaoe?? noa? oe?iea
canoinoaaiiy ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo, ye iiai? oaoiieia?? e
iaoiaeieia?? iaoeiaeo oa i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia an?o noaae?yo
?ic?iaee ia?niaeoeaieo ae?ia?a.

A iei?oi?e /an a?aeiiee ?yae i?aoeue aaoi??a oaeeo ye Aocue A. I.,
Iaea?aieia A. A., *a?ieoia ?. N., Iinnaeianueeee A. ?., I?e?o?i I. ?. oa
?ioeo o aaeoc? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy neeiai? eiino?oeoe?? ?aeaoieo
aeaeaoi?a ia oaa?aeiio iaeea? (?AeOI) (aeea. iae. 1).

Aea aiie, ye i?aaeei, caniiaai? ia canoinoaaii? aiae?oe/iiai aia?aoo
oaoi?/iiai aiae?co. Caa?iaiiy aei no/aniiai iiooaeiiai aia?aoo
oaoi?/iiai aiae?co ia iniia? /enaeueieo iaoiae?a iineoue eeoa
ai?ciaee/iee oa?aeoa? oa ciaoiaeeoue iaiaaeaia canoinoaaiiy o
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ?ic?aooieiaeo i?ae?icae?eao eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ath?i.

?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue cae?enith?oueny oeyoii ?ic?iaee
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa iaoiae?a i?iaaaeaiiy ia/enethaaeueiiai
aenia?eiaioo, ui ?aae?co? no/ani? iaoiaee oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy
oaoi?/iiai aiae?co.

O aeena?oaoe?? ocaaaeueiaiee /ioe?iaaeoeyoe??/iee aeina?ae ?iaioe aaoi?a
o aaeoc? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa iioei?caoe?? noai?a iano/eo
eiino?oeoe?e ?AeOI.

Iae. 1 Aaeeeiaaaa?eoiee ?aeaoiee aeaeaoi ia oaa?aeiio iaeea?, 1 —
a?iaoo?a ia?aaeiueiai etheo, 2 — a?iaoo?a niieiaiai etheo, 3 — neeiaa
iaieiiea ei?iono, 4-ca?yae

Iaoa ?iaioe

?ic?iaea aoaeoeaii? iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy ia/enethaaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a
ye iiai? iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii? iaoiaeieia?? i?aeaeuaiiy aia?ai-aaaiai?
aeineiiaeino? aeaiaio?a neeiai? eiino?oeoe?? ?AeOI ia aoai? ?oiueiai
a?aei?aoethaaiiy.

O ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai? oa ae??oai? ianooii? iniiai? caaea/?:

— i?iaaaeai? /enaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo ?ic?iaeaia
oaoiieia?y i?iaaaeaiiy ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo c iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy noaio neeiai? eiino?oeoe?? eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono c
o?aooaaiiyi aaeeeeo ia?ai?uaiue oa aeaoi?iaoe?e aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe??,
iae?i?eieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??ae?a oa eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? aeaoaeae ?
aoce?a eiino?oeoe??;

— ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi oa, ia eiai aac?, ?aae?ciaaii ia/enethaaeueio
i?ia?aio iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe?e a?iaoo? ethe?a eiiiiceoe?eieo
ei?ion?a ?AeOI ca oiiaaie ie?aieo aeaoaeae oa caaacia/aiiy ??aiii??iino?
aith? ?o eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??;

— i?iaaaeai? /enaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? oiia eiioaeoii?
aca?iiae?? iaoaei-eiiiiceoieo no?oeoo?, ai?cio?ii?? yeinoae eiiiiceoa
a?ae aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioo oa?oy oa iayaiino? aoiiaiai i?ioa?eo i?ae
aca?iiae?th/eie aeaoaeyie;

— aecia/ai? aacia? ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeai? noaie a?iaoo? ethe?a
eiiiiceoe?eieo ei?ion?a;

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? neeiai? eiino?oeoe?? ei?iono ?AeOI;

— i?iaaaeaii /enaeueiee aiae?c iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio (IAeN) oa
oiia eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? aeaiaio?a a?iaoo?e ia?aaeiueiai etheo ei?iono
?AeOI ??ciiiai?oieo eiino?oeoeaieo noai;

— i?iaaaeai? /enaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy IAeN oa iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe?e
a?iaoo?e niieiaiai etheo ei?iono ?AeOI.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aacothoueny ia iniiaieo ??aiyiiyo iaoai?ee
nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua, aia?aaoe/ieo i?eioeeiao aeaoi?ioaaiiy oa
iae?i?eii? iiaaae?iee nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua ? i?iaiaeyoueny iaoiaeaie
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy noai?a oa iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe?e.
Iniiaiee iaoiae iiaeaethaaiiy — iaoiae e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a, ui
?aae?coaaany o aeaeyae? ?ic?aooieiaeo i?ia?ai ? i?ia?aiieo eiiieaen?a.
A??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/aia o i?aoe? oeyoii
c?noaaeaiiy ?c a?aeiieie aiae?oe/ieie ??oaiiyie caaea/ ? ?acoeueoaoaie
iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia

1. Aia?oa io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe /enaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aiae?co
/ooeeaino? iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio (IAeN) oa oiia eiioaeoii?
aca?iiae?? iniiaieo neeiaeo aeaoaeae a?iaoo? ethe?a eiiiiceoe?eiiai
ei?iono aei ci?ie ia?aiao??a eiino?oeoe??.

2. ?ic?iaeai? ? aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?
eiino?oeoe?e a?iaoo? ethe?a aeieu eiiiiceoe?eieo ei?ion?a, ye?
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae a?aeiieo oei, ui a?aoiaaia iae?i?eia iiaaae?iea
eiino?oeoe?? i?ae ?iai/ei iaaaioaaeaiiyi.

3. Anoaiiaeai? iia? caeaaeiino? cia/aiue iaeneiaeueiiai ??aiy e
oa?aeoa?o aith? eiioaeoieo oene?a o iaoaei-eiiiiceoieo c’?aeiaiiyo a?ae
aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioo oa?oy, ai?cio?ii?? i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae
iaoa??ae?a eiioaeooth/eo o?e oa iayaiino? aoiiaeo i?ioa?e?a o
c’?aeiaiiyo eiino?oeoe?e ?AeOI.

4. Io?eiai? ooi/iai? ?acoeueoaoe /enaeueiiai aiae?co IAeN neeiai?
eiino?oeoe?? eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono ca ?aooiie a?aooaaiiy aaiiao?e/ii?,
o?ce/ii? ? eiino?oeoeaii? iae?i?eiinoae.

5. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee aeai?eoi ?aae?caoe?? ia/enethaaeueieo
aenia?eiaio?a ii aiae?co i?oeiino? neeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e eiiiiceoe?eieo
ei?ion?a ?AeOI, yeee a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae a?aeiieo oei, ui a?aoiaaii
eiiieaen iae?i?eieo oaeoi??a oa?aeoa?ieo aeey eiino?oeoe??, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny.

6. Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeai? noaie a?iaoo? ethe?a
eiiiiceoe?eieo ei?ion?a, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae a?aeiieo oei, ui an?
aeaiaioe eiino?oeoe?? ia’?aeiai? i?ae iaaaioaaeaiiyi, caaacia/aia
iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaiiy oa?aeoa?o i?eeaaeino? iniiaieo neeiaeo
aeaoaeae oa aeinyaiooa cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy aaaiai? aeineiiaeino? ae?ia?a,
ui ?ic?iaeythoueny.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue oa aaaii?noue i?aoe?

I?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue yaey?:

— ?ic?iaeaia ia/enethaaeueia i?ia?aia aiae?co IAeN ? oiia eiioaeoii?
aca?iiae?? iaoaei-eiiiiceoe?eieo c’?aeiaiue;

— ?ic?iaeai? eiino?oeoe?? a?iaoo?e ethe?a aeieu eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono,
ui caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iano/i? ni?iiiaeiino? ei?iono o aeaa
?ace i?e cieaeaii? aaaiaeo ia?aiao??a a?iaoo? ethe?a ia 30-50%.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a i?aoe? o i?iieneiaino?

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? i?aoe? cai?iaaaeaeai? o Aea?aeaaiiio
eiino?oeoi?nueeiio ath?i «I?aaeaiia» o a?aeiia?aeiino? c eiiieaeniith
i?ia?aiith i?aei?e?inoaa ii aaoiiaoeciaaiiio i?iaeooaaiith oa
a?aei?aoethaaiith eiino?oeoe?e ae?ia?a ?aeaoii-eini?/ii? oaoi?ee.

Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? oa
?ic?aooieiaeo i?ia?ai neeaa 204 oen. e?a. o oe?iao 1991 ?.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

— ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ii aiae?co /ooeeaino? IAeN oa
oiia eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? aeaoaeae a?iaoo?e niieiaiai etheo aeieua
eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono aei ci?ie ia?aiao??a eiino?oeoe??;

— ?acoeueoaoe /enaeueiiai aiae?co caeaaeiino? ??aiy e oa?aeoa?o
eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? iaoaei-eiiiiceoieo c’?aeiaiue a?ae aaee/eie
eiao?oe??ioo oa?oy, ai?cio?ii?? i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??ae?a
eiioaeooth/eo o?e oa iayaiino? aoiiaeo i?ioa?e?a;

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? eiino?oeoe?e a?iaoo? ethe?a aeieu
eiiiiceoe?eieo ei?ion?a, ui a?aoiaothoue iae?i?eio iiaaae?ieo
eiino?oeoe?? i?ae ?iai/ei iaaaioaaeaiiyi;

— ?ic?iaeai? iia? ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeai? noaie a?iaoo?
ethe?a eiiiiceoe?eieo ei?ion?a;

— ?acoeueoaoe /enaeueiiai aiae?co IAeN a?iaoo? ethe?a aeieu
eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono c o?aooaaiiyi aaiiao?e/ii?, o?ce/ii? oa
eiino?oeoeaii? iae?i?eiinoae;

— cai?iiiiiaaiee aaoi?ii iiaee aeai?eoi ?aae?caoe?? ia/enethaaeueieo
aenia?eiaio?a ii iae?i?eiiio aiae?co i?oeiino? neeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e
eiiiiceoe?eieo ei?ion?a ?AeOI.

Ai?iaaoe?y i?aoe?

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy e ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe? aoee iia?aeiieai? e
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia XXIV I?aeaaeocaa?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
iieiaeeo a/aieo ? oao?aoe?a (i. Ethaa?oe?, 1987 ?.), ia iino?eii
ae?th/?e i?aeia?iaei?e oeie?-nai?ia?? «Ia/enethaaeuei? iaoiaee a
iaoai?oe? nooe?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua» (i. Ioueii-ia-Ioe?, 1990 ?., i.
Aeaaeeie?, 1991 ?.), ia aeae?eueeio i?aeia?iaeieo aenoaaeao
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e (i. Ee?a, 1995, 1996 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aaoi?ii ?ia?o ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeo? o
32 i?aoeyo, a oiio /ene? o 21 iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio ca?o?, 9 iaoeiaeo
noaooyo, 2 aeiaoiaeao, i?aeoaa?aeaeaieo iaoaioii oa aaoi?nueeei
na?aeioeoaii.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya i?aoe?

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 156 noi??ieao, ye? aeeth/athoue 112 noi??iie
iniiaiiai oaenoo, 77 iaethie?a, 3 oaaeeoe?. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue
120 iaeiaioaaiue, a oiio /ene? 20 ?iicaiieo. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiaee, nienie e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoie ?c aeoaie
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?aoeue oa aeoaie aei?iaoaaiue eiino?oeoe?e,
ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiaecia
?acoeueoao?a ? aecia/a?oueny i?aeoe/ia oa iaoeiaa cia/ei?noue i?aoe?.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee iaeyae ca iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy oa iniaeeainoyie ?oiuei? i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe?? noiniaii
oaoi?/iiai aiae?co neeaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e. O i?aoeyo aeayeeo aaoi??a
a?aecia/aii aaaaeaiiy iiiyooy e aecia/aiiy iniia iaoiaeieia??
ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo, ye iiai? oaoiieia?? iaoeiaeo oa
i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aecia/aia iaiao?aei?noue a?eueo aeeaieiai
ii?aoethaaiiy ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiie?aoieo aaeocae oaoi?ee.

A iaeyae? i?iaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y ?ic?aooieiaeo i?ia?aiieo eiiieaen?a
(?IE) ? aecia/ai? aaeoc? ?oiueiai canoinoaaiiy. Aecia/aii, ui
aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa ?IE
iia’ycaia ?c iaiao?aei?noth ?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oaoi?/ieo
ia’?eo?a ? iaoiaeee ae??oaiiy caaea/ eiiieaeniiai aiae?co neeaaeieo
eiino?oeoe?e. I?iaaaeaii iaeyae iaea?eueo iioe?aieo, o ae??oaii? caaea/
oaoi?/iiai aiae?co, ?ic?aooieiaeo i?ia?aiieo eiiieaen?a (?IE). Ia
i?aenoaa? iaeyaeo oa aeine?aeii? aenieoaoaoe?? ia?ae?/aieo ?IE aecia/aia
e?aee?oth/a noaiiaeua oi?aa?naeueiiai ?IE ANSYS aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/
oaoi?/iiai aiae?co neeaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e, ui caciaee eiiieaeniiai
aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a.

?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? ae??oaiiy caaea/ iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
noai?a ? iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe?e oa i?ioean?a ?AeOI ? aecia/aii, ui
aeey ?oiueiai aaeaeaaoiiai iieno iaiao?aeia caeo/aiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
aia?aoo iae?i?eiiai no?oeoo?iiai aiae?co. ?acii c oei a?aecia/aii, ui
a?aooaaiiy an?o iniaeeainoae aiae?co IAeN eiino?oeoe?e ?AeOI cia/ii
oneeaaeith? caaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aenieeo aeiia ?ano?n?a ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee. O oe?e neooaoe??
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooie?a ii iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe?e, ui
aeine?aeaeothoueny, ca aeiiiiiaith oi?aa?naeueieo ?IE, ca oiia
iaiaaeaiino? ia/enethaaeueieo ?ano?n?a, noa? i?iaeaiaoe/iei e
iaeiaoaeoeaiei.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooie?a ii iioei?caoe??
iaoaei-eiiiiceoieo c’?aeiaiue o neeaae? neeiai? eiino?oeoe?? ei?iono
?AeOI, aecia/aia iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaiiai
aeai?eoio oa i?ia?aie aiae?co IAeN, oa oiia eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? c
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a.

I?iaaaeaii iaeyae a?aeiieo eiino?oeoeaieo noai neeiai? eiino?oeoe??
eiiiiceoe?eieo ei?ion?a oa aeina?ae ?oiueiai a?aei?aoethaaiiy.
I?iaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y iniiaieo oei?a ?oeioaaiiy ei?ion?a ?AeOI.
Onoiaiiy ?oeioaaiiy oeyoii iiooeo iiaeo eiino?oeoeaieo ??oaiue, a ia
aeiaeaoeiaiai i?aeneeaiiy ei?iono, ? eeth/iaith i?iaeaiith a caaea/? i?i
i?aeaeuaiiy aia?ai-aaaiai? aeineiiaeino? oa iaae?eiino? neeiai? iaieiiee
ei?ion?a ?AeOI.

A cae?i/aii? ia?oiai ?icae?eo, ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co,
noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa oa caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iienaia neeiaa eiino?oeoe?y ei?iono ?AeOI ?
aeae?eai? iniiai? aeaiaioe a?iaoo? ethe?a ia?aaeiueiai ? caaeiueiai
aeieu ei?iono.

Iniaeeaa oaaaa a ?icae?e? i?eae?eaia caniaai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaciaei
iaoiaeii iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/aii iaoiae e?ioeaaeo
aeaiaio?a. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iniiaieo ia?aaaa ? i?iaeai ?aae?caoe??
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a
(IEA). A ?icae?e? iaaaaeaia ioe?iea iniiaieo i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy
iia??oiino? e?ioeaai-aeaiaioieo ??oaiue.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai aeai?o i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy,
aeey ??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/, i?iaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y e?eoa???a
yeino? ia/enethaaeueieo aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai ? aeae?eai? niaoeeo?/i?
aeiiae, ui iiaeathoueny aei ?ic?aooieiaeo i?ia?aiieo eiiieaen?a.

Aiae?c no/anieo ?ic?aooieiaeo eiiieaen?a, c?iaeaiee a ia?oiio ?icae?e? c
o?aooaaiiyi aeiia, ui iiaeathoueny aei ?IE, aeicaieea, ye aaciaee
?ic?aooieiaee eiiieaen, aea?aoe oi?aa?naeueiee ?IE ANSYS.

Caaea/? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy noaio eiino?oeoe?e ? i?ioean?a
no/anieo ?AeOI a?aeiinyoueny aei eeano iae?i?eiiai aiae?co i?oeiino?
(High Nonlinearity Structural Analysis). I?e ?oiueiio ??oaii? iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe: aaiiao?e/io iae?i?ei?noue — a?eueo? ia?ai?uaiiy oa
aeaoi?iaoe??, o?ce/io iae?i?ei?noue — iae?i?eio iiaaae?ieo iaoa??aeo
i?ae iaaaioaaeaiiyi, eiino?oeoeaio iae?i?ei?noue — eiioaeoio aca?iiae?th
aeaoaeae c o?aooaaiiyi oa?oy.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? iiai?, a?eueo aoaeoeaii? oaoiieia??
i?iaaaeaiiy ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo. A oe?e oaoiieia?? aecia/ai?
oae? iniiai? aoaie: aaiiao?e/ia, e?ioeaai-aeaiaioia iiaeaethaaiiy,
?aae?caoe?y ia/enethaaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a, ia?iaea oa aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a. Oe? aoaie iiaeai? o aeaeyae? aeie-noaie
aeai?eoio, ui iieacaia ia iae. 2.

Iae. 2. No?oeoo?ia noaia iniiaieo aoai?a ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo

A oeueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaia ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio oa i?ia?aie ??oaiiy
eiioaeoieo caaea/ aeey eiia?iiaaieo niieo/aiue ?AeOI.

Aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aia aoee a?aei?aoeueiaai? ? i?ieoee oanooaaiiy ia
??oaii? eiioaeoii? caaea/? i?i aaeaaethaaiiy ooaiio a i?oaeia o?ei.
?acoeueoaoe oanooaaiiy i?ia?aie, ui cia?aaeai? ia a?ao?eo iae. 3,
iieacaee, ui ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a ii i?ia?aiai ANSYS () ? EIIOAEO (O)
aeia?a ei?aeththoue i?ae niaith oa iathoue aa?io ca?aei?noue c
aiae?oe/iei ??oaiiyi ().

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioo oa?oy,
ai?cio?ii?? aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo oa aoiiaeo i?ioa?e?a
ia aith?o eiioaeoiiai oeneo aeaoaeae iaoaei-eiiiiceoieo c’?aeiaiue.

Iae. 3. A?ao?ee eiioaeoiiai oeneo i?ae ooaiiii:

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaia a?aei?aoethaaiiy iaoiaeeee
ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo ia aac? /enaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAeN
eiino?oeoe?? a?iaoo?e ia?aaeiueiai etheo eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono.

Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaiee aea?? aaciai? ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaii? noaie
(A?EN) a?iaoo?e ia?aaeiueiai etheo ei?iono ?AeOI c neeiaith iaieiieith c
eiiiiceoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo. ?iaeaia?iee aiae?c, i?iaaaeaiee c o?aooaaiiyi
?acoeueoao?a a?ae?aae?/ieo ?nieo?a i?oeiino? o?aaeeoe?eii? eiino?oeoe??
a?iaoo?e ia?aaeiueiai etheo ei?iono, aeicaieea noi?ioethaaoe eiiieaenio
caaea/o ?ic?iaee A?EN oeueiai aocea:

— eiiiiioaaiiy iiaeiia caaacia/eoe ia’?aeiaiiy i?ae iaaaioaaeaiiyi an?o
aeaoaeae a?iaoo?e;

— iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaiiy oa?aeoa?o i?eeyaaiiy ?? aeaoaeae iaeia aei
iaeii? aeey aeinyaiaiiy ni?eueiino? ?oi?o aeaoi?iaoe?e;

— e??ieeuei? aeaoae? iiaeii? caaacia/eoe iaeneiaeueio ??aiii??i?noue
eiioaeoieo coneeue niieo/aiiy e?eoee c caeeaaeiei oeaioeai.

O eiino?oeoe?? a?iaoo?e, a?aeiia?aeii? aaciai?
?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaii? noaie, a?oiiaa ??cueaiaa c’?aeiaiiy cai?iaia
ia oiiii/ia. I?noea ?ici?uaiiy oiiiie oa ?oiy oi?ia caaacia/o? oa?i??ia
nie?aiiy e?eoee ia caeeaaeiee oeaiaoeue. On? aeaoae? a?iaoo?e i?ae
ae??th aioo??oiueiai oeneo aaco aoiaeyoue o aca?iiae?th. Aith?a
eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? oeaioey oa ai?eiaeie ei?iono ia? ??aiii??iee aeae.
?ic?iaeai? e?ioeaai-aeaiaioi? iiaeae? a?iaoo? etheo ia?aaeiueiai aeieua
o?aaeeoe?eii? oa aaciai? ?ic?aooieiaeo noai.

O ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee iae?i?eiee aiae?c i?oeiino?
eiino?oeoe?e a?iaoo?e ia?aaeiueiai etheo ??cieo eiino?oeoeaieo noai c
o?aooaaiiyi «aaeeeeo» aeaoi?iaoe?e eiiiiceoiiai ei?iono oa aoiiaeo
i?ieeaaeie, iae?i?eii? iiaaae?iee aoie i?ae iaaaioaaeaiiyi oa oiiae
eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? aeaoaeae a?iaoo?e.

O oeueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio
a?iaoo?e ia?aaeiueiai etheo o?aaeeoe?eii? noaie. sse aeaeii ia iae. 4,
ca?eueoaiiy ae?aiao?o ai?eiaeie ei?iono i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaieaiiy
/anoeie caeeaaeiiai oeaioey, ciaiooth/e oeei ieiuo eiai eiioaeoo c
ei?ionii ? ca?eueooth/e iiiaio, ui ia?aeeaea? oeaiaoeue a?aeiinii ai?oo
ai?eiaeie ei?iono.

Iae. 4. O?aaiaio iiey inueiaeo iai?oaeaiue a a?iaoo?? ia?aaeiueiai etheo
o?aaeeoe?eii? noaie

E?eoea i?ae ae??th ?iai/iai oeneo ciaioo? ae?aiao? ia?eoa??eii? /anoeie
? iaaaioaaeo? ??cueaiaa e??ieaiiy iaaacia/iith aeey iueiai neeith ui
ia?a??ca? oa iiiaioii caeio.

??aaiue oa oa?aeoa? iai?oaeaiiai noaio ia?a oeaioey o eiai ei?aiaa?e
/anoei? ia? aenieee ??aaiue iai?oaeaiue (a?ae –6,5 aei 7,0 IIA) oa ?oith
eieae?caoe?th a oe?e cii?. Aith?a eiioaeoiiai oeneo, i?aaenoaaeaia ia
iae. 5, ia? i?eiaee oa?aeoa? c eieae?caoe??th iaeneioio ia e?ath
ai?eiaeie ei?iono i?e iiai?e a?aenooiino? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ia
a?eueo i?ae o?aoei? eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi? ia?a caeeaaeiiai oeaioey.

Aiae?c iai?oaeaiiai noaio aeaoaeae ?icaeyiooiai aocea oa iniaeeaino?
?oiuei? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ia’?eoeaii na?ae/aoue i?i iai?eaeaoi?noue
oaei? eiino?oeoeaii? noaie aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aaaiai? aeineiiaeino?
neeiai? eiino?oeoe?? ei?iono ?AeOI.

Iae. 5. A?ao?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo caeeaaeiiai oeaioey ooaoii? a?iaoo?e
etheo ia ai?eiaeio ei?iono

O ?icae?e? i?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee i?oeiino? eiino?oeoe?? a?iaoo?e
ia?aaeiueiai etheo, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue aacia?e
?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeai?e noai?.

Aiae?c aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio a?iaoo?e iieacaa, ui caeeaaeiee oeaiaoeue
a?aenoaaeo? ?icai?io aeieua ei?iono oa caaacia/o? u?eueiee eiioaeo ii
an?e iiaa?oi? caeeaaeiiai oeaioey.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aith? eiioaeoiiai oeneo a?iaoo? ethe?a
o?aaeeoe?eii? (iae. 5) oa aaciai? (iae. 6) ?ic?aooieiaeo noai iieacaa,
ui oi/ caeeaaeiee oeaiaoeue aaciai? noaie ia? ii/aoeiao iiaa?oith
eiioaeoo c aeieuai ei?iono ia 30% iaioo, i?ae o o?aaeeoe?ei?e noai?,
iaeneiaeueia aaee/eia eiioaeoiiai oeneo oeaioey aaciai? ?ic?aooieiai?
noaie iaioa ia 12%, a aith?a eiioaeoiiai oeneo ieaaia oa
aenieiiaiiaiaia.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?icaeyiooa eiino?oeoe?y
?aeiiaiaeiaaia, ye aaciaa eiino?oeoe?y a?iaoo?e etheo iinoaeei aenieiai
oeneo c ei?ionii ?c eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeniei?
aaaiai? aeineiiaeino?. I?iaaaeaiee oeeee aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?nieo?a
i?aeoaa?aeea aenieee ??aaiue aaaiai? aeineiiaeino? aaciai? a?iaoo?e
ia?aaeiueiai etheo eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono. Ii a?aeiioaiith aei
o?aaeeoe?eii? eiino?oeoe??, ?ic?iaeaiee aocie iaa aaea?/? iaioo aaao ?
oni?oii aeo?eioaaa aaea?/? a?eueoee oene. Ii?yae c oeei, ?acoeueoaoe
?nieoo iieacaee oi?ioo ca?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaiee aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueii?
?ic?aooieiai? noaie a?iaoo?e niieiaiai etheo ei?iono ?AeOI. Aea??
i?iaaaeaiee ia aac? ye?niiai aiae?co noai iiaeaieo iaaaioaaeaiue oa
coneeue, ui aeieeathoue o eiino?oeoe?yo ??ciiiai?oieo
?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaieo noai.

Iae. 6. A?ao?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo caeeaaeiiai oeaioey aaciai?
?ic?aooieiai? noaie ia aeieua ei?iono

Aaciaa ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaia noaia a?iaoo?e niieiaiai etheo o
neeaae? o?aaiaioo ei?iono c neeiaith iaieiieith c EI iiaeaia ia iae. 7.
Ia cia?aaeaii? noeeo aeaoaeae oa aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?? i?aaenoaaeai?
iniiai? ia?aiao?e aiae?co /ooeeaino? oa iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe??.

Iae. 7. Noaia iniiaieo ?ici??aiue a?iaoo?e niieiaiai etheo ei?iono c
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a

Caeeaaeiee oeaiaoeue ia? ia?aoei, ui caaacia/o? i?i?iaeueiee iiiaio
iaa?oaiiy a?aeiinii e?ath ai?eiaeie aeieua, oa ?acii c oei, a?eueii
a?aenoaaeo? iaa?oaiiy ai?eiaeie, caaacia/oth/e ??aiii??io aith?o
eiioaeoiiai oeneo c iaeneiaeueiei cia/aiiyi a na?aaei?e /anoei?
eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi? caeeaaeiiai oeaioey oa ai?eiaeie. Iii?ia iae/aeea
niiea ? caeeaaeiee oeaiaoeue iathoue oa?i??ia iaie?aiiy /a?ac oiiieo
i?ea?iaeueii? oi?ie. O iii?i?e iae/aeoe?, i?ae ae??th ?iai/iai
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ii ieaei?e iii?i?e iiaa?oi? oi?io?oueny neea ?icie?aiiy,
ui a?aeaa?oa? ia?aeeaeaiiy caeeaaeiiai oeaioey. O oe?e cii? ca ?aooiie
naiiou?eueiaiiy eiioaeooth/eo aeaoaeae oi?iothoueny oiiae aeiaeaoeiai?
aa?iaoecaoe??.

O ?icae?e? aia?oa i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c /ooeeaino? eiino?oeoe??, ui
aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe aca?iica’ycie i?ae ci?iieie i?iaeooaaiiy ? ci?iieie
noaio eiino?oeoe?? oa i?iaanoe oe?eani?yiiaaiee iiooe iioeiaeueiiai
aa??aioo eiino?oeoe??, ui ?ic?iaey?oueny.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?nieo?a i?aeoaa?aeeee ??aaiue aaaiai?
aeineiiaeino? ?ic?iaeaii? eiino?oeoe?? ? na?ae/aoue i?i aaeaeaaoi?noue
?ic?iaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? a?iaoo?e niieiaiai etheo aeieua ei?iono
oa oi?ioi? ca?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a ia/enethaaeueiiai oa iaoo?iiai
aenia?eiaio?a.

Caaaeuei? aeniiaee

1. I?iaaaeai? /enaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy caaea/ iae?i?eiiai aiae?co
i?oeiino? eiia?iiaaieo c’?aeiaiue neeiai? eiino?oeoe?? eiiiiceoe?eieo
ei?ion?a ?AeOI, ui a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae a?aeiieo oei, ui a?aoiaaiee
eiiieaen oaeoi??a iae?i?eii? iiaaae?iee ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ae
iaaaioaaeaiiyi, yeee aeeth/a? «a?eueo?» aeaoi?iaoe?? neeiai? iaieiiee
eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono ? aoiiaeo eiiiainaoi??a, iae?i?eio iiaaae?ieo
iaoa??ae?a oa oiiae eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? aeaoaeae eiino?oeoe??.

1.1. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee aeai?eoi i?iaaaeaiiy ia/enethaaeueieo
aenia?eiaio?a ii aiae?co iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio oa iioei?caoe??
eiia?iiaaieo niieo/aiue ?AeOI, a yeiio aia?oa a?aoiaaiee eiiieaen
iae?i?eieo oaeoi??a iiaaae?iee aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?? i?ae
iaaaioaaeaiiyi.

1.2. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi oa, ia eiai iniia?, ?aae?ciaaii ia/enethaaeueio
i?ia?aio EIIOAEO aeey aiae?co IAeN ? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??
iaoaei-eiiiiceoieo c’?aeiaiue. Oanooaaiiy i?ia?aie iieacaei, ui
ca?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a c aiae?oe/ieie ??oaiiyie a?aeiia?aea? 8-12%.

1.3. I?iaaaeaii /enaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ?yaeo ia?aiao??a oiia
eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? eiia?iiaaieo niieo/aiue ia aith?o eiioaeoiiai
oeneo, ca ?acoeueoaoaie yeiai anoaiiaeaii:

— ci?ia cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo oa?oy a iaaeao a?ae 0.01 aei 0.5 ia
aeyaey? ?noioiiai aieeao ia aaee/eio oa oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo eiioaeoiiai
oeneo (??cieoey cia/aiue eiioaeoieo oene?a neeaaea? ia a?eueoa 2%);

— aeey iiaeaethaaiiy eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? iaoaei-eiiiiceoieo c’?aeiaiue
?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi eiai iiaeoe?a i?oaeiino? a aieiaieo inyo i?oio?ii??
Ao/Ax 0.3 iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?oio?iii? aeanoeaino? iaoa??ae?a;

— aaaaeaiiy aoiiaeo i?ioa?e?a aeyaey? nooo?aee aieea ia oa?aeoa? aith?e
eiioaeoiiai oeneo aeaoaeae c’?aeiaiiy, i?e oeueiio anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaeneioi aith?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo o iaoaei-eiiiiceoieo c’?aeiaiiyo c
aoiiaeie i?ioa?eaie ci?uaiee ii e?i?? eiioaeoo oa ia? a?aeiinio
eii?aeeiaoo x/a=0. 87, i?e oeueiio caaaeueiee ??aaiue iai?oaeaiue o
niieo/aii? ciaioo?oueny a?eueoa i?ae a 2.5 ?ace.

1.4. I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?nieoe eiino?oeoe?e a?iaoo?,
?ic?iaeaieo c canoinoaaiiyi oaoiieia?? ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo,
ui i?aeoaa?aeeee ca?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ia/enethaaeueiiai oa iaoo?iiai
aenia?eiaio?a a iaaeao 5-10%.

2. I?iaaaeai? /enaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio
a?iaoo?e etheo ia?aaeiueiai aeieua eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono ?AeOI.

2.1. Aecia/ai? iia? ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeai? noaie a?iaoo? ethe?a
aeieu eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono ?AeOI, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae a?aeiieo
ia’?aeiaiiyi i?ae iaaaioaaeaiiyi an?o aeaoaeae a?iaoo?e oa iiaeeea?noth
?aaoethaaiiy oa?aeoa?o i?eeyaaiiy ?? aeaoaeae iaeia aei iaeii?,
aeinyaiaiiyi ni?eueiino? aeaoi?iaoe?e oeaioey oa ai?eiaeie aeieua
ei?iono, iaeneiaeueiith ??aiii??i?noth eiioaeoieo coneeue c’?aeiaieo
aeaoaeae a?iaoo?e.

2.2. I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee /enaeueiee aiae?c IAeN oa oiia eiioaeoii?
aca?iiae?? a?iaoo?e ethe?a ia?aaeiueiai aeieua eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono
??ciiiai?oieo eiino?oeoeaieo noai, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai iieacaee, ui:

— aenieee ??aaiue a?aae??io?a iai?oaeaiue a?ae –6,50 aei 7,00 IIa a
ie?aieo ciiao aeaoaeae, eieae?caoe?y aith?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo ia e?ath
ai?eiaeie ei?iona i?e iiai?e a?aenooiino? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ia
a?eueoa i?ae 30% eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi? ia?a caeeaaeiiai oeaioey o a?iaoo??
ethea o?aaeeoe?eii? eiino?oeoeaii? noaie ia’?eoeaii na?ae/eoue i?i
iai?eaeaoi?noue eiino?oeoe?? aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeniei? aaaiai?
aeineiiaeino?;

— caeeaaeiee oeaiaoeue cai?iiiiiaaii? ?ic?aooieiai? noaie a?aenoaaeo?
?icai?io aeieua ei?iono ? caaacia/o? ieaaio oa aeniei iaiiaiaio aith?o
eiioaeoiiai oeneo ii an?e iiaa?oi? caeeaaeiiai oeaioey c ??aiai
iaeneiaeueiiai eiioaeoiiai oeneo ia 12% iaioa, i?ae a o?aaeeoe?ei?e
noai?.

3. I?iaaaeaii /enaeueiee aiae?c iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio oa
iioei?caoe?? a?iaoo?e niieiaiai etheo aeieua eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono
?AeOI.

3.1. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii aiae?c /ooeeaino? noaio eiino?oeoe?? a?iaoo?e
etheo aei aaee/eie ??ciiiai?oieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a, ia i?aenoaa?
yeiai anoaiiaeaii, ui:

— ci?ia oiaueie ai?eiaeie ia 15-20% cieaeo? ??aaiue iai?oaeaiiai noaio a
aeaoaeyo a?iaoo?e ia 30-50% oa ??aaiue ?o eiioaeoiiai oeneo ia 20-30%;

— ci?ia oiaueie oa aee?o i?aeee eyiaaea-oeaioey a iaaeao 50%
i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy eiioaeoiiai oeneo ia 150-200% oa ci?uaiith
iaeneioio aith?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo ia e?ae ai?eiaeie;

— ci?ia aaee/eie ?iciaoo ia?a oeaioey ia 20-25% i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aeieeiaiiy i?eiaiai oa?aeoa?o aith?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo c? ca?eueoaiiyi
eiioaeoiiai oeneo ia 60-70% a cii? cae?i/aiiy ia?a oeaioey;

— ci?ia eooa eiioniino? oeaioey o caaea? i?io?eue eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi?
caeeaaeiiai oeaioey c ai?eiaeiith aeieua oa aeicaiey? a oe?ieiio
ae?aiacii? oi?aaeyoe oi?iith oa aaee/eiith aith?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo oeeo
aeaiaio?a;

— cia/aiiy eooa eiioniino? oeaioey o= -9° ? iioeiaeueiei aeey
caaacia/aiiy ??aiii??iino? aith?e eiioaeoiiai oeneo caeeaaeiiai aeaiaioo
ia ai?eiaeio aeieua o ae?aiacii? ci?ie ?iai/iai oeneo a?ae 1,50 aei 9,00
IIa;

— eoo i?aeoiaeo iii?ii? iae/aeoe? niiea e = 38° aei iii?ii? iiaa?oi?
«i?aeee» oeaioey ? iioeiaeueiei aeey caaacia/aiiy eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??
aeaoaeae a?iaoo?e niieiaiai etheo o ae?aiacii? ci?ie ?iai/iai oeneo a?ae
1,50 aei 2,50 IIa.

4. ?ic?iaeaia iiaa iaoiaeeea ia/enethaaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a aeey
a?aei?aoethaaiiy neeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e ?AeOI, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith iiaeciith oa caaacia/o? aenieo ae??caeaoi?noue ?
aaaiao aeineiiae?noue ae?ia?a ?aeaoii-eini?/ii? oaoi?ee.

4.1. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaai? aacia?
eiino?oeoe?? a?iaoo? ethe?a aeieu eiiiiceoe?eieo ei?ion?a, iniiai?
oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy yeeo caoeuai? aeiaoiaeaie oa, ia a?aei?io a?ae
o?aaeeoe?eieo eiino?oeoe?e, iathoue aaao ia 30-50% iaioo ? oni?oii
aeo?eiothoue ia 30% a?eueoee oene.

4.2. I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?nieoe ?ic?iaeaieo eiino?oeoe?e
a?iaoo? ethe?a eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono, ui i?aeoaa?aeeee aenieee ??aaiue
?o aaaiai? aeineiiaeino?.

4.3. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a aea?aeaaiiio eiino?oeoi?nueeiio
ath?i «I?aaeaiia» c aeiiii?/iei aoaeoii 204 oen. ea?aiaaioe?a (a oe?iao
1991 ?.).

4.4. ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y ia/enethaaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a aeei?enoaia a
iiai?e i??? aeey ?ic?iaee eiino?oeoe?e ?AeOI oa ?ioeo ae?ia?a
?aeaoii-eini?/ii? oaoi?ee ? oni?oii aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey ??ciiiai?oieo
aaeocae i?iieneiaino?.

A aeiaeaoeo iiaeathoueny aeieoiaioe, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i i?iieneiaa
canai?iiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee oa ?? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?,
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?nieo?a a?iaoo? ethe?a eiiiiceoe?eieo
ei?ion?a, ?ic?iaeaieo ?c canoinoaaiiyi i?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? A?aeaeo? a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. A?naiueaa N.E., Eiciaeoeeee E.A. No?oeoo?a e yooaeoeaiinoue nenoai
?ac?aaioee eiino?oeoeee. // Aii?inu i?iaeoe?iaaiey e i?iecaiaenoaa
eiino?oeoeee eaoaoaeueiuo aiia?aoia: Oaiao. nai?iee iao/. o?oaeia OAE —
1995. — Oa?ueeia: — n. 98-106

2. A?naiueaa N.E., Eiciaeoeeee E.A. ?ac?aaioea ?aoeeiiaeueiie
eiino?oeoeee a?iaoo?u etheia ei?iona ?AeOO// Aii?inu i?iaeoe?iaaiey e
i?iecaiaenoaa eiino?oeoeee eaoaoaeueiuo aiia?aoia: Oaiao. nai?iee iao/.
o?oaeia OAE — 1995. — Oa?ueeia: — n. 107-114

3. Eiciaeoeeee E.A. ?ac?aaioea yooaeoeaiie iaoiaeeee au/eneeoaeueiiai
yenia?eiaioa ia yoaia io?aaioee cia?ai-aaniaiai niaa?oainoaa yeaiaioia
eiino?oeoeee ?AeOO // Aii?inu i?iaeoe?iaaiey e i?iecaiaenoaa
eiino?oeoeee eaoaoaeueiuo aiia?aoia: Oaiao. nai?iee iao/. o?oaeia OAE.
Aui.10, — 1998. — Oa?ueeia: n. 75-83

4. Eiciaeoeeee E.A. Iniaaiiinoe auai?a iaoiaeia iaoaiaoe/aneiai
iiaeaee?iaaiey aeey ?aoaiey caaea/ i?iaeoe?iaaiey eiino?oeoeee ?AeOO //
Aii?inu i?iaeoe?iaaiey e i?iecaiaenoaa eiino?oeoeee eaoaoaeueiuo
aiia?aoia: Oaiao. nai?iee iao/. o?oaeia OAE — 1995. — Oa?ueeia: — n.
115-125

5. Eiciaeoeeee E.A. ?ac?aaioea au/eneeoaeueiie i?ia?aiiu ?aoaiea caaea/e
eiioaeoiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey eiiaeie?iaaiiuo niaaeeiaiee// Aii?inu
i?iaeoe?iaaiey e i?iecaiaenoaa eiino?oeoeee eaoaoaeueiuo aiia?aoia:
Oaiao. nai?iee iao/. o?oaeia OAE. Aui.10 — 1998. — Oa?ueeia:- n.94-99

6. Eiciaeoeeee E.A. Enneaaeiaaiea iai?yaeaiii- aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai
ninoiyiey ?acee/iuo eiino?oeoeee a?iaoo?u ia?aaeiaai ethea aeieua
ei?iona ?AeOO// Aii?inu i?iaeoe?iaaiey e i?iecaiaenoaa eiino?oeoeee
eaoaoaeueiuo aiia?aoia: Oaiao. nai?iee iao/. o?oaeia OAE. Aui.10 — 1998.
— Oa?ueeia: — n. 84-93

7. Eiciaeoeeee E.A. Enneaaeiaaiea /oanoaeoaeueiinoe ia?aiao?ia ninoiyiey
eiino?oeoeee a?iaoo?u niieiaiai ethea ei?iona ?AeOO// Aii?inu
i?iaeoe?iaaiey e i?iecaiaenoaa eiino?oeoeee eaoaoaeueiuo aiia?aoia:
Oaiao. nai?iee iao/. o?oaeia OAE Aui. 11 — 1998. — Oa?ueeia: — n.59-69

8. Eiciaeoeeee E.A., Ianoooia A.A., Aa?aieeia ss.I. Aiaeec
iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey o?ieieea c oneeeaathueie
iaeeaaeeaie // Aii?inu i?iaeoe?iaaiea e i?iecaiaenoaa eiino?oeoeee
eaoaoaeueiuo aiia?aoia: Oaiao. nai?iee iao/. o?oaeia OAE. Aui.11 — 1998.
— Oa?ueeia: — n. 37-44

9. Eiciaeoeeee E.A., Ianoooia A.A., Aa?aieeia ss.I. Aiaeec aeanoeinoiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee ianouae eiino?oeoeee neeiaie ieaooi?iu aao?iaa?aaaoa//
Aii?inu i?iaeoe?iaaiea e i?iecaiaenoaa eiino?oeoeee eaoaoaeueiuo
aiia?aoia: Oaiao. nai?iee iao/. o?oaeia OAE. Aui.11 — 1998. — Oa?ueeia:
— n. 45-54

10. Eiciaeoeeee E.A., Eenie/aiei E.A., Eunaiei I.O. A?iaoo?a ia?aaeiaai
ethea ninoaea ec eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia// XXIV Iaaeio?aneaaay
iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey iieiaeuo o/aiuo e niaoeeaeenoia — III
”Nithc”, Ethaa?oeu: — 1986

11. Iaoiae nai?ee ?acueaiaiai niaaeeiaiey e ono?ienoai aeey aa
?aaeecaoeee/ A?naiueaa N.E., Eiciaeoeeee E.A. e ae?.// Aaoi?neia
naeaeaoaeuenoai NNN? SU ? 1629166 — 1989a.

12. Ninoae aunieiai aeaaeaiey aeey oaeo/eo n?aae/ A?naiueaa N.E.,
Eiciaeoeeee E.A., Oaeei I.E.// iaoaio ?NON? RU ? 2057271 — 1994 a.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eiciaeoeueeee ?.A. ?ic?iaea aoaeoeaii? iaoiaeeee ia/enethaaeueiiai
aenia?eiaioo aiae?co iano/i? caeaoiino? ia aoai? a?aei?aoethaaiiy
aaaiai? aeineiiaeino? aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e e?oiiiaaaa?eoieo ?AeOI.
Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii, i?aaenoaaeaiei ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.07. 03 -i?oei?noue
e?oaeueieo aia?ao?a. Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?”, Oa?e?a, 1999?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
ii ?ic?iaoe? aeai?eoi?a oa iaoiaeeee ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo
iae?i?eiiai aiae?co i?oeiino? aeaiaio?a neeiai? eiino?oeoe??
eiiiiceoe?eiiai ei?iono, aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoeaieo noai,
aiae?co /ooeeaino? oa iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe?e a?iaoo? ethe?a aeieu
eiiiiceoe?eieo ei?ion?a ?AeOI. Iaoiaeeea oa aeai?eoie, iaaaaeai? a
?iaio?, ai?iaaaeaeai? o Aea?aeaaiiio eiino?oeoi?nueeiio ath?i
«I?aaeaiia» oa aeei?enoiaothoueny ia ?ioeo i?aei?e?inoaao ? a
i?aai?caoe?yo.

EETH*IA? NEIAA

Ia/enethaaeueiee aenia?eiaio, iae?i?eiee aiae?c i?oeiino?, a?iaoo?a
ethe?a aeieu, eiiiiceoe?eiee ei?ion, aiae?c /ooeeaino? eiino?oeoe??,
iioei?caoe?y, iai?oaeaii- aeaoi?iiaaiee noai.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eiciaeoeeee E.A. ?ac?aaioea yooaeoeaiie iaoiaeeee au/eneeoaeueiiai
yenia?eiaioa ioeaiee ianouae niiniaiinoe ia yoaia io?aaioee aaniaiai
niaa?oainoaa yeaiaioia eiino?oeoeee e?oiiiaaaa?eoiuo ?AeOO.
Aeenna?oaoeey yaeyaony ?oeiienueth, i?aaenoaaeaiiie ia nieneaiea o/aiie
noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.07.03 –
i?i/iinoue eaoaoaeueiuo aiia?aoia. Ainoaea?noaaiiue ay?ieinie/aneee
oieaa?neoao eiaie I.A. AEoeianeiai “OAE”. Oa?ueeia, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea ?acoeueoaou
enneaaeiaaiee ii ?ac?aaioea aeai?eoiia e iaoiaeeee au/eneeoaeueiiai
yenia?eiaioa iaeeiaeiiai i?i/iinoiiai aiaeeca yeaiaioia neeiaie
eiino?oeoeee eiiiiceoeeiiiiai ei?iona, auai?a ?aoeeiiaeueiuo
eiino?oeoeaiuo noai, aiaeeca /oanoaeoaeueiinoe e iioeiecaoeee
eiino?oeoeee a?iaoo? etheia aeieu eiiiiceoeeiiiuo ei?ionia ?AeOO.
Iaoiaeeea e aeai?eoiu, i?aaenoaaeaiiua a ?aaioa , aiaae?aiu a
Ainoaea?noaaiiii eiino?oeoi?neii ath?i “THaeiia” e eniieuecothony ia
ae?oaeo i?aaei?eyoeyo e i?aaiecaoeeyo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa

Au/eneeoaeueiue yenia?eiaio, iaeeiaeiue i?i/iinoiie aiaeec, a?iaoo?a
etheia aeieu, eiiiiceoeeiiiue ei?ion, aiaeec /oanoaeoaeueiinoe
eiino?oeoeee, iioeiecaoeey, iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiia ninoiyiea.

ANNOTATION

Lozovitski I.B. The development of effective technology of computing
experiment of bearing strength analysis of design elements of
large-sized Solid Propellant Rocket Engine (SPRE) for increase of their
weight perfection. The thesis is the manuscript for an academic degree
of a candidate of engineering science on a speciality 05.07.03 –
Strength of Aircraft, Zhukovski State Aerospace University “Kharkov
Aviation Institute”, Kharkov, 1999.

The thesis contains theoretical and practical results of investigation
by development of algorithms and technology of computing experiment of
nonlinear structural analysis of the composite body design elements,
choice of the rational constructive circuits of the bottoms hatches
reinforcement, analysis of sensitivity and optimization of designs of
the bottoms hatches reinforcement of SPRE composite body. Technology and
the algorithms which produced in the work have been inculcated on State
Design Office «Yuzshnoe» and on the other enterprises and organizations.

The results of theoretical investigation of the sensitivity analysis of
stressed & strained state and requirements of contact interaction of the
basic force details of manhole armatures of a composite case to change
of design parameters are presented in dissertation.

The offered rated — design concept of manhole armatures of composite
cases differ from known subjects that all configuration items are united
under load and the capability of regulation of joining properties of the
basic force details is ensured.

Developed designs of manhole armatures of the bottoms of a composite
case have supplied a heightening in twice of level of case bearing
strength at lowering on 30-50% of weight parameters of manhole
armatures.

The results of experimental trials have confirmed a level of weight
perfection of developed designs and testify to adequacy to developed
mathematical model of manhole armature of the case bottoms and good
convergence of results of computational and natural experiments

The following basic problems are formulated and are resolved in work:

The theoretical investigations are conducted and technique of
computational experiment realization is designed on their foundation for
simulation of state of composite case primary structure in view of large
displacement and strains of configuration items, non-linear properties
of materials both contact interaction of details and structural
assemblies;

The algorithm is designed also computational program is realized on its
base for optimization of constructions of armatures of manholes of
composite cases of SPRE on requirements of a strength balance of
separate details and security of uniformity of diagrams of their contact
interaction;

The analytical investigations are conducted for definition of relation
of requirements of contact interaction of metal-composite patterns,
anisotropy of properties of an aggregate from magnitude of a friction
coefficient and presence of a rubber interlayer between interacting
details;

The base rated — design concept of armatures of manholes of composite
bodies are defined;

The mathematical models of SPRE case primary structure are designed;

The idealized analysis of stressed & strained state and requirements of
contact interaction of members of an armature of forward manhole of SPRE
case of the different design concepts is conducted;

The theoretical investigations of stressed & strained state and
optimization of designs of nozzle manhole armature of SPRE case are
conducted.

The carried out researches are founded on the basic equations of
continuum mechanics, energy principles of deformation and non-linear
behavior of continuum and are carried out by methods of simulation of
condition and optimization of designs. The basic method of simulation is
finite element method realized as the computing programs. The veracity
of obtained results is defined in operation by confrontation to known
analytical problem solving and results of natural experiments.

Key wordS

Computing experiment, nonlinear structural analysis, bottoms hatches
reinforcement, composite body, analysis of design sensitivity,
optimization, stressed and strained state

A?aeiia?aeiee ca aeione Ianoooia A.A.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 27.06.99. ?.

Oiiai. ae?oe. a?eoo?a 1,0. Caiiaeaiiy ?16.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Aaceiooiaii.

Iaae?oeiaaii ia ena?ien? a Iaaeia?aaenueeiio eieaaeae?,

Iaaeia?aae, 323000, aoe. Ia?eiaa 1a.

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