Романтика вітаїзму’ (активний романтизм) в українській прозі першої половини XX століття: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / З.В. Савченко, НАН Украї

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO E?OA?AOO?E ?i. O.A.OAA*AIEA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE: 883.3-69

Naa/aiei Ciy
Aaeaioei?aia

“?IIAIOEEA A?OA?CIO” (AEOEAIEE ?IIAIOECI) A OE?A?INUeE?E I?IC?
IA?OI? IIEIAEIE OO NOIE?OOss

10.01.01 – oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a
— 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i.
A.N.Iaea?aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Iaeueiee Aieiaeeie? Ieaenaiae?iae/

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

eaoaae?e o?eieia??
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo
“Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea

Aeaaeai?y”

Aaa?aa A??a Iaae?aia

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e

Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo

Aieoa?aa C?ia?aea
Na?a??aia

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe, aeioeaio

eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai oa
oe?a?inueeiai

iiaiciaanoaa Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai

e?iaa?noe/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

Eeaiai/aiei Na?oeaia
Aeieo??aia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao

?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea,
eaoaae?a ?noi???

oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “29“ ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26. 178.01. i?e
?inoeooo? e?oa?aoo?e ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, i.Ee?a,
aoe.I.A?ooaanueeiai,4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
e?oa?aoo?e ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 16 “ aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
I.I.Noeeia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo anoaoe/ieo, o?einionueeeo canaae oa
ooaeiaei?o iniaeeainoae “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio“ (aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio)
ye ??ciiaeaeo iai?iiaioe/iiai noeeth a oe?a?inuee?e i?ic? ia?oi?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy coiiaeaia iio?aaith aeaoaeueiiai ia?aaeyaeo
i?ioeano ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ii/aoeo a?eo, noaiiaeaiiy
oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy ??cieo noee?a ? oa/?e ia aeaiiio ?noi?e/iiio
aoai?, ?o aca?iiaieea?a oa a?aeia?aaeaiiy a oai?/ino? ienueiaiiee?a
20-30-o ?ie?a a Oe?a?i? e 40-o ?ie?a ia ai?a?aoe??.

A oiiaao aeineoue neeaaeii? neooaoe??, ui neeaeany a
oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? ia ?oaaae? noie?oue, eiee i?ioenoiyee
iaeia iaeiiio aeai? e?oa?aoo?ieo iieie?iue – aeciai? aaoi?eoaoe oa
iieiaea aaia?aoe?y iiaea?ieo ieooe?a, — caeeaaeaeenue ?aea?
iiiaeaiiy ienoaoeoaa. ? cia/io ?ieue o oeueiio i?ioean? a?ae?a?aa
iai?iiaioeci, ui ci?a a?aeaeoe aeoo /ano, iicia/aiee
aaaaoiia?oeyth/eie aaneaie naiaiaee, nioe?aeueiiai e
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aecaieaiiy. Ia aeaeue, iai?iiaioe/i? oaiaeaioe?? a
oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? oiai /ano ia caaaeaee iii?/aeeny e?eoeeith
e e?oa?aoo?iith iaoeith. C iaeiiai aieo, aaaaeaeiny, ui
?iiaioeci aeaaii ciee, c ?ioiai – aeaaaeiny aciaee caoiieaiiy
neiaie?ciii, oooo?eciii, ?ii?an?ii?ciii oiui. Iaaia oaiaeaioe?y
ei?enooaaiiy oa?i?iii “?iiaioeci“ aeey iaeiaioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai
noeeth iai?oeeany ia e?iaoeue 20-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy, aea
noia?a/eeaeo aeoiie ? oaa?aeaeaiue ?nioaaei iaiaei: a?ae aeciaiiy
eiai eeoa ia ??ai? oi?ie aei iiaiiai a?aeeeaeaiiy. Aeayea
oaaaa i?eae?eyeanue aeoeaiiio ?iiaioeciia? ? a i?ci?o? ?iee, aea
a eiai ioe?ioe? ia?aaaaeaa ?aeaieia?/iee aniaeo (I.?iaeueei,
I.Iaa?eee, I.Eaeaie/aiei, I.Ia?iei oa ?i.)

O ia??iae, eiee ?aeaieia?/ii-eii”thieoo?iee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano ao?aoea aeooaeuei?noue, iniaeeai noiniaii
ia?oeo aeanyoee?oue OO noie?ooy, ii/aeiny a?oioiaia ia?ainieneaiiy
oyaeaiue i?i niaoeeo?eo ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino?, i?eioeeie oa
niiniae aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? ienoaoeoaa. A oe?a?inueeo
e?oa?aoo?o iiaa?ioeeny oai?e aaaaoueio ienueiaiiee?a,
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/? i?aoe?, c aeiiiiiaith yeeo iiai?oa e ia”?eoeai?oa
a?aeoai?th?oueny i?ioean ca?iaeaeaiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy iiaea?ii?
o?aaeeoe?? a Oe?a?i?, ni?a?nioaaiiy ? aca?iiaieea?a ??cieo
noeeueiaeo oa/?e oe?a?inueeiai iiaea?i?cio. Ia oaeiio caaaeueiiio
oe? iaaia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny e aeine?aeaeaiith oaiiiaio
“?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”. Iaeiae ia nueiaiaei? ?ic?iaea oe???
i?iaeaie iaiaaeaia aai oa?aeoa?enoeeith ie?aieo aniaeo?a noeeth a
?aieao aiae?co oai?/ino? oiai /e ?ioiai ienueiaiieea, aai ae
noeneeie caaaeeaie i?i aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci ye iaeio c? noeeueiaeo
oa/?e oe?a?inueeiai iiaea?i?cio a eiioaeno? a?aeoai?aiiy
e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano 20-30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy. Ioaea,
a?aenooi?noue eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei aiae?co “?iiaioeee
a?oa?cio” (aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio) c o?aooaaiiyi aeii?ioaaiiy
oeueiai noeeth a ia??iae oe?a?inueeiai A?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa eiai
aieeao ia iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano, iaaeinoaoi?
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy iniiaieo anoaoe/ieo canaae noeeth
iaoiiaeee aea?? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa eiai
aeooaeuei?noue.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia iniiaieo noeeaoai?/eo cania?a
aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio ia ??cieo aoaiao eiai ?nioaaiiy.

Aeaea?aeueiith aacith noaee a?aeii? ia nueiaiaei? oai?e
I.Oaeeueiaiai, c?a?ai? a aeaioiiiiio aeaeaii? ienueiaiieea,
TH.ssiianueeiai, c?a?ai? a i“yoeoiiiiio aeaeaii?, oa ie?ai?
aeaeaiiy ?iiai?a ?.Aaa?yiiai “Oea?ieiae“, “Naae Aaoneiainueeee“,
“Ethaeeia a?aeeoue iaae i???aith“. Ioiieaii oaeiae oe?ieee
ioae?oeenoe/iee iaoa??ae, e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? i?aoe?, iaoa??aee,
ui a?aeaeaathoue ae?yeuei?noue Ienoaoeueeiai Oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo.
A?aeeny aei oaaae iaioa?e o/aniee?a e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano,
eenooaaiiy, aacaoia o?ii?ea.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, uia ia iniia? aeaoaeueiiai
aiae?co oai?/iai aei?iaeo I.Oaeeueiaiai, TH.ssiianueeiai oa
?.Aaa?yiiai i?inoaaeeoe ?icaeoie “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio“ a?ae iiiaioo
eiai ca?iaeaeaiiy aei ni?iae a?ae?iaeeoe aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci ia
aac? ai?a?aoe?eii? e?oa?aoo?e; iieacaoe iaiaeii??aei?noue oeueiai
yaeua, oeyoe iiooeo noeeueiaeo aeii?iaio ia eiaeiiio aoai? eiai
?icaeoeo; i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe oeiieia?/io nii??aeiai?noue “?iiaioeee
a?oa?cio” c ?a?iiaenueeei iai?iiaioeciii ia?oi? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy oa aeacaoe ia o? iniiai? ?ene, ui aeathoue i?aenoaae
aeie?aieoe aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci ye iaeei c iaei?eeiaoi?oeo noee?a
20-30-o ?ie?a.

?aae?caoe?y iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica“ycaiiy oaeeo
eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe e?oa?aoo?io neooaoe?th, ui neeaeany a Oe?a?i? ia
ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy e noaea iiooiaoii aei noai?aiiy “noeeth
aeiae“ – “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio“;

— c“ynoaaoe iniiai? anoaoe/i? ianoaiiae noeeth, ie?aneai?
I.Oaeeueiaei o ia??iae e?oa?aoo?ii? aeeneon?? 1925-1928 ??. oa
eiai ca”ycie ?c iai?iiaioeciii a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? ii/aoeo
OO noie?ooy;

— ?icaeyiooe aaiethoe?th a?oa?noe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e ooaeiaeiuei?
oai?/ino? I.Oaeeueiaiai – a?ae caoiieaiiy aa?i?eith ?aaiethoe?eieo
aoaei?a, /a?ac anaa?/ia aena?oeaiiy i?iaeaie ?ica?aeiino? i??? oa
ae?eniino?, aei ?iiaioeee iiaiai oeio;

— aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio ?aiiuei? iiaae?noeee
TH.ssiianueeiai, eiai ?iiai?a “Iaenoa? ei?aaey“, “*ioe?e oaae?“,
“Aa?oieee“;

— c”ynoaaoe cia/aiiy “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio” 20-30-o ?ie?a OO
noie?ooy noiniaii ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e oa
aeacaoe ia i?e/eie cieeiaiiy oeueiai noeeth;

— aeyaeoe aieea a?oa?noe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy ia
ai?a?aoe?eio e?oa?aoo?o 40-o ?ie?a, i?iaiae?coaaoe ?o ?nioaaiiy a
?aieao e?oa?aoo?ieo iiooe?a IO?o oa aeacaoe ia nai???aei?noue
aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio “ae?oai? oaee?” ia i?eeeaae? oai?/ino?
?.Aaa?yiiai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?iiiiiaaia i?aoey —
ia?oa ni?iaa eiiieaeniiai ? nenoaiaoeciaaiiai aiae?co “?iiaioeee
a?oa?cio” ye ie?aiiai noeeth 20-30-o ?ie?a, oeiieia?/ii
nii??aeiaiiai c iai?iiaioeciii ia?oi? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy.
Aaoi?ia? aaeaeiny i?inoaaeeoe oeyoe noaiiaeaiiy oa aaiethoe??
aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio, aeyaeoe noeeueia? aeii?iaioe eiaeiiai c
ia??iae?a eiai ?nioaaiiy. Ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiao? i?iaeoe?y
a?oa?noe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e ia ia iaio neeaaeiee ? noia?a/eeaee c
iiaeyaeo iiooe?a iiaeo oeyo?a ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e a
ai?a?aoe?? ia??iae ae?yeueiino? Ienoaoeueeiai Oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo.
I?e oeueiio ia?aaaaa iaaeaaaeany ia ioae?oeenoe/iei aeaeea?aoe?yi,
a eiie?aoiiio oaenooaeueiiio aiae?cia?, oiaoi ao?eaiith
eiioeaioe?? aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio a aeeao iaoa??th oai??a
iaea?aeii?oeo i?aaenoaaiee?a noeeth.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae,
aeaiaioe no?oeoo?ae?nonueeiai aiae?co.

Oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??. Aeaoaeueiee ?icaeyae i?iaeaie
iaiiaeeeaee aac o?aooaaiiy ?noi?e/iiai eiioaenoo e?oa?aoo?iiai
i?ioeano. sse ? eiaeia yaeua, “?iiaioeea a?oa?cio” ia? nai?
aeoiee, oiio a ?iaio? iaaia oaaaa i?eae?eaia oeyoai aaiethoe??
oe?a?inueeiai ?iiaioecio a oe?eiio, a iniaeeai ieoaiith
iai?iiaioe/ieo iiooe?a e?ioey O?O – ii/aoeo OO noie?oue, ui
ciaeoei nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?aoeyo ?.O?aiea, Ean? Oe?a?iee,
I.Ca?iaa, N.?o?aiiaa, Ae.Aeiioeiaa, I.ssoeaiea, I.Eaeaie/aiei oa
?i. Noiniaii aiae?co i?iaeaie ?nioaaiiy aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio a
oe?a?inuee?e i?ic? 20-30-o ?ie?a oa a ai?a?aoe?ei?e e?oa?aoo??
40-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy aeena?oaioeith aeei?enoai? noaoo?
I.Oaeeueiaiai, I.A?eaoeueeiai, I.Aeieaiaa, A.sseoanueeiai,
TH.Iaaeaiea, aeine?aeaeaiiy A.Einothea, I.Eanei-Eooethe, TH.Oa?aoa,
TH.Eaa??iaiea oa ?i., a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anieo
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a I.Ia?iea, A.Aaa?ai?, N.Iaaee/ei, O.Aoiaei?iai?,
A.Iaeueieea, E.Iethua, A.Iai/aiea oa ?i.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia ? iaaiei
aianeii o ni?aao ia”?eoeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai
i?ioeano 20-40-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy oa noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae
oai?/ino? iaeyne?aa?oeo eiai i?aaenoaaiee?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? a eo?n? aea/aiiy ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e
OO noie?ooy o aeueo oa na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao, i?e
iaienaii? a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?e?a i?ae?o/iee?a, eo?niaeo oa
aeeieiiieo ?ia?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?aia ? noaaeaia ia
can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e OO noie?ooy
?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie oa eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ?i.A.N.Iaea?aiea. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? a
/ioe?ueio ioae?eaoe?yo aeena?oaioee oa eyaee a iniiao
niaoenai?ia?o “Anooi aei oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e OO noie?ooy”, ui
/eoa?oueny o NAeI? ?i.A.N.Iaea?aiea.

NO?OEOO?A ? CI?NO ?IAIOE.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a oa
aeniiae?a.

O anooi? oeaio?aeueia i?noea caeiathoue ieoaiiy ?noi??? oa
oai??? i?iaeaie. Uia i?iaiae?coaaoe aoaie aaiethoe?? ?iiaioecio
a?ae eiai aeoie?a aei OO noie?ooy, eiai /eneaii? ?icaaeoaeaiiy,
yeeo ?iiaioeci ia? /e ia iaea?eueoa a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie
ooaeiaei?ie iai?yiaie, iio??aia ie?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa i?aoey
noaaeoue ca iaoo aena?oeeoe i?iaeaio ?nioaaiiy eeoa iaei??? c
oi?i iai?iiaioecio OO noie?ooy – “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”, oiio aaoi?
aaaaea? ca aeioe?eueia iaiaaeeoeny oa?aeoa?enoeeith iniiaieo
aniaeo?a ?iiaioecio, ui ?icaeaaany ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio a?oio?, ?
ca a?aei?aaio oi/eo aaiethoe?eii? i?yii? acyoe eeane/iee
?iiaioeci O?O noie?ooy a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??.

Iniaeeao oaaao aaoi? caa?oa? ia e?oa?aoo?iee i?ioean ?oaaaeo
O?O-OO noie?oue, ia??iae aeieeiaiiy oe?a?inueeiai iiaea?i?cio, ia
a?oio? yeiai a?ae?iaeeany iai?iiaioeci ye ni?iaa aa?iii?caoe??
?aaeueiino? e ?aeaaeo.

Aeae? iiaa eaea aaciina?aaeiuei i?i “?iiaioeeo a?oa?cio” ye
??ciiaeae iai?iiaioecio ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy, ?ai?acaioiaaiee
oai?/?noth I.Oaeeueiaiai, TH.ssiianueeiai, A.Etha/aiea oa ?i.

Ei?ioei i?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe i?iaeaie ?nioaaiiy
iai?iiaioecio a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? 20-30-o ?ie?a oa a
i?ci?o? /ane.

E??i oiai, aeaoaeueii iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoa ? eiie?aoi? caaaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia,
aeacaii ia iaoiaeieia?/io ? oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
eiai i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Noaiiaeaiiy “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio” oa aaiethoe?y
?iiaioe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo a oai?/ino? I.Oaeeueiaiai” i?enay/aiee
c”ynoaaiith i?iaeaie aeieeiaiiy aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio a
oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? 20-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy oa aa??thaaiiy
eiai iniiaieo anoaoe/ieo canaae, ooaeiaei?o iniaeeainoae ia aac?
aiae?co oai?/ino? caniiaieea eiioeaioe?? “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”
I.Oaeeueiaiai. A ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e 20-o ?ie?a ca
I.Oaeeueiaei cae??ieeiny i?noea ni?eeaiai iiaaoi?a, noeeueiiai aei
oe?eaaeo ooaeiaei?o aenia?eiaio?a, iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi yeeo aoei
i?ioenoaaeoe a?oa?/iiio ia?iaeieoeueeiio ?aae?ciia? na?aeee
no?oi?iue e?oa?aoo?e iao?aaeeoe?eii?, iicaaaeaii? aoaeue-yeeo
iaiaaeoth/eo aeiai ? eaiii?a. Oaea ?icoi?iiy I.Oaeeueiaei
caaaeaiue ienoaoeoaa a ii?aeiaii? c oi?eaeueiith e?oa?aoo?iith
neooaoe??th a Oe?a?i? a 20-o? ?iee noaei iniiaiith i?e/eiith
i?iaieioaiiy iei aanea “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio” ye noeeth aeiae, ui
a?aeaoeioeiny oe?ieei ?aciiainii o oiai/aniiio e?oa?aoo?iiio
i?ioean?. Ienueiaiiee aaaaeaa, ui “i?ieaoa?nueea ienoaoeoai iaoeo
aei?a – oea “Ia?naeue?ca”, yea iiaaaea aaaiaa?ae na?oiaiai
i?ieaoa??aoo ia aa?eeaaei? ai?. ?iiaioeeo a?oa?cio ooai?ththoue
ia “aiee”, a eiioia?e. Aiia, ye ? anyea ienoaoeoai, aeey
?icaeiaieo ?ioaeaeo?a. Oea noia – iiaiai niiaeyaeaiiy, iiaiai
na?oia?ae/oaaiiy, iiaeo neeaaeieo a?a?aoe?e.” Oaeeueiaee I. Eaii
a?yaeaoe // Oai?e: O 2 o.- E., 1990.- O.2.- N.420. ?iiaioeea
I.Oaeeueiaiai iiaea oe?yoe aeniei, aea aoea caei??iaia a
iaoe?iiaeueiee a?oio. Aiia noaea nai???aeiei aeeeeeii i?iieeiaiith
a e?oa?aoo?o ? ienoaoeoai eacaiii-ath?ie?aoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
oai?/ino?, eoeueoo?iiio ai?aiinoao oa ?aanueeiio eii?thaaiith
o?aaeeoe?eieo noee?a ? oi?i. Iaoii?noue ienueiaiiee i?iiiio?
caa?iooe nai? iiaeyaee a a?e ?a?iie, iiaa/eoe ?? ye “?aeaae
a?iiaaenueei? ethaeeie”. Nai? iiceoe?? uiaei oeyo?a ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy I.Oaeeueiaee
aeaoaeueii aeeeaa o ioae?oeenoe/ieo aenooiao ia??iaeo e?oa?aoo?ii?
aeeneon?? 1925-1928 ?ie?a oa i?i?ethno?oaaa aeanieie ooaeiaei?ie
oai?aie.

Iiyaa 1923 ?ieo ca??ee I.Oaeeueiaiai “Nei? aothaee” noaea
cia/iei yaeuai a oe?a?inuee?e ii?aaiethoe?ei?e e?oa?aoo??. Iiaaee
ienueiaiieea i?eaaaethaaee ienoaoeueeith naiiaooi?noth, iiaith
iaia?ith ienueia. Aenooieaoe ye iai?iiaioee, I.Oaeeueiaee iaiiaiea
nai? iiaaee ?aaiethoe?eiith noeo??th, aa?i?ei-?iiaioe/iei iaoinii.
O ?aii?o nai?o ?a/ao , cie?aia oaeeo, ye “E?o o /iaioyo”,
“Nieiinueeee ss?”, “Eaaaiaea”, a?i ini?aaa oai?oe?a ?aaiethoe?? a
on?e ?o aeeoo?a?e ae?aciino? e eiie?aoiino?, ai ia oie /an ua
ia ?icoi?a ?ethci?iino?, iai?aaaeiiiae?aiino? iai??yieo ?aeaae?a,
o??? ieu?aii? neee, i?ae aeaaeo yei? iio?aiea ? nai. Oiio ooo
ia?aaaaea? iaoaoeea uiaeaiiiai aa?i?cio, aaciina?aaei?noue
a?aaeaiue, nayoeia?noue iano?ith. Aa?i?-?aaiethoe?iia?e iinoathoue
oaeaeoa ye neiaie?/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy, i?ae ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaai?
oa?aeoa?e. Oe? ?ene oa?aeoa?ecothoue “?iiaioeeo a?oa?cio” ia?oiai,
iao?eaaeiai ia??iaeo oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea.

I.Oaeeueiaee aoa iioei?noii o oiio ieai?, ui aacoiii ethaea
neiai, aeeooy ? ethaeeio. Aea, ia c??eath/enue naiai iaooiaiiiai
?aeaaeo, ienueiaiiee iaeii/anii aa/eoue o?aa?ci ? i?e?a/ai?noue
aeeooy. Iaeeee ?iiaioee, a?i oaea a “Nei?o aothaeao” cana?ae/o?
iaenoa?i?noue ineoieia?/iiai aiae?co, i?ioenoaaey? ?iiaioe/ia
i?aeianaiiy ?aaiethoe?? oa ?? aoaei?. Caa??aath/e naith
iai?iiaioe/io eiioeaioe?th “eaaeineiuei? aeae?” ?, aiaeii/an,
a?ae/oaath/e o?aa?ci ? noia?a/i?noue aoaei?a, I.Oaeeueiaee i?e
noai?aii? aaea?a? ia?ac?a nai?o no/aniee?a ia?aiineoue niene
?oiueiai ?nioaaiiy a iaae?aaeueiee, aei??yiee na?o. Oaeei /eiii,
?iiaioeea I.Oaeeueiaiai, c iaeiiai aieo, a?aee?eaa? i?ino?? aeey
oai?aiiy iiaiai aeeooy, a c ?ioiai — i?ic??eeai o?eno? an?
i?ioe??//y ?aaeueiiai ?nioaaiiy. Ioaea, eiio?ano aoaeaiueie e
?iiaioeee ?aaiethoe?? iinooiiai noa? iniiaiei o oai?ao
ienueiaiieea, a ca?aene iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeiaeueiao?oueny
i?iaeaia ?ica?aeiino? i??? oa ae?eniino?, ui iaaeae? noa?
aieiaiith a anoaoeoe? aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio ienueiaiieea.

I?e?a/ai?noue, iinooiiaa i?aaeyoe?y eieeoi?o ?aeaae?a, ao?aoa a??e
o i?aaii??i?noue nai?? ni?aae, ui ?o a?ae/oaathoue aa?i?
I.Oaeeueiaiai, iaaoaathoue ona a?eueoi? ae?aciino?. Naiia?aeaeai?
eeoea?? ?aaiethoe??, ui aa/aoue niene aeeooy a
i?aeianaii-?iiaioe/iiio ii?ea?, o ai?iouea?, aeyaeythoueny
iani?iiiaeieie cie?eoeny c? cae??ai?e?noth aoooy, a?ae/oaathoue
?iceaiai?noue nai?? aeoo?. Oea o?aa?ci aeeooy, aea ia aacneeee
neainen. Aa?i? ia noai?ththoue nia? ?ethc?e uiaei aeiy
nueiaiaei?oiueiai, aea caeaa?eueoiai ia c??eathoueny eiai, ia
ao?a/athoue a??e a aeeooy, o aei??yiee ?aeaae. Aiie noathoue
oai?oeyie naiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?oo, ia?aaeeaathoue oa?inoai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy a??e o “neith aeaea/?iue”. Oey a??a aea? ?i
noaoon ?nioaaiiy a i?ae/ann?, aea aiaeii/an iiaeeia? nai?i
aaniethoii.

Ua iaei??th nooo?aith ?enith ooaa?aeaeoaaii? ienueiaiieeii
“?iiaioeee a?oa?cio” noa? ai?ioueaa i?ioe anueiai ianoaieiniiai
/ania?, i?ioe i?uainoaa e aacaeooiaiino?. Eiai ii/eia? oe?eaaeoe
ineoieia?y ethaeae, ui ia ciiaee noaoe o aaeee?e ai?iouea? ia
oie /e ?ioee a?e, ia ciaeoee a nia? neee ia?aiiaoe noii?ae
(“Oeyoaoia ai?caei”, “Caoeie”). Oey oaia iinooiiai
iiaeeaeth?oueny, ia?a?inoath/e a iauaaeia aee?eooy an?o iaaaoeaieo
yaeu ia?oeo ii?aaiethoe?eieo ?ie?a, cie?aia, i?uainoaa. Naoe?a
I.Oaeeueiaiai aoea nai???aeiith ia?anoi?iaith, aeac?aeith ia o?
ia?aoeiaee, ui noathoue ia oeyoo aei aeaaeaii? “caa??ii?
eiioie”. Ienueiaiiee aea ia niieio, ai ii/oaaa, ui naia
i?ioioeie aa?i?a eiai naoe?e/ieo iiaae ia?aoai?youe “aieoao
Naaieth” ia caiaaeaaio Iaei?in?th.

Ioaea, ia?ii naiai ?iaeo i?ia?aio aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio
I.Oaeeueiaiai: cia?aaeaiiy an?o i?iya?a aeeooy — a?ae aaciaeyaeiiai
caoiieaiiy ?iiaioeeith ?aaiethoe?eii? ai?ioueae aei aino?iai
aee?eooy an?eyeeo iie?o/?a ii?aaiethoe?eieo ?ie?a, ui iaiaei?iii
iaei aeeeeeaoe noii?ae, aioo??oi? ?icaeai?iiy. Aea aeey
iiaae?noa, ye ? aeey aa?i?a eiai ?aii?o oai??a, aaaeeeaith
caeeoa?oueny ianoaiiaa ia iiaeieaiiy anueiai iaaaoeaiiai,
iioei?noe/ia a??a a oi?aeanoai aeaaeaieo ?aeaae?a iaa?oue i?ae
/an ciaethaaiiy aeooaaiiai ianiieith a/i?aoi?o ai?oe?a oa oe?iei
i?aaenoaaeaiiai ath?ie?aoecio, i?uainoaa.

Oaea cacia/aeiny, ui iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie ienueiaiieea iiai?
aiioe I.Oaeeueiaee aaaaeaa ca?eueiaiiy e?oa?aoo?e c eaaao
i?ina?oyinoaa ? iaaoiiia ooeaiiy oeo cania?a, ui iaeiiai?oa a
a?aeia?aceee aaaaoia?aii?noue aiioe. Oiio, i?ae?eiath/e ieoaiiy i?i
oaoi?eo ienueia aaoi?a “Nei?o aothae?a”, ne?ae iaaieineoe, ui
eiai iiaaee — yaeua oaea ae i?ea?iaeueia a aniaeo? noeeth, ye ?
a aniaeo? oaiaoeee. Iaeei ?c iniiaieo oi?iioai?/eo i?eeii?a
Oaeeueiaiai-iiaae?noa — anioe?aoeai?noue, yea eaea c aeeaei
?icao?oaii? aaoi?nueei? oaioac??, ui /anii caia?a/o? eia?eo
noiaeino?, aea c naiiai ii/aoeo caaea? oeiiaee aeey ?iiaioeee
I.Oaeeueiaiai oii caeioaiino? a aeaea/?iue, o iaa?aeii?noue,
a?ae??aaiino? a?ae aoaeaiieo iiae?e. Aeecueeei ca nai?i
i?ecia/aiiyi aei anioe?aoeaiino? a iiaaeao I.Oaeeueiaiai ? can?a
?ao?aio, ui iaaea? oai?ai noaeeueiaaiino? e aeeiai?/iino?.

C ?ioiai aieo, anioe?aoeai?noue ieneaiiy, ii?ooaiiy no?oieino?
iiia?ae? ??ciiiai?oieie iicanthaeaoieie aeaiaioaie aoee iniiaieie
caniaaie, ui canooiaee niaith o?aaeeoe?eiee aeey i?iciaeo oai??a
nthaeao. I.Oaeeueiaiai a ia?oo /a?ao oe?eaaeyoue ethaee, ?oi?
aeoiee e ii/oooy ia oe? ?aaiethoe?eieo ci?i, oiio a?i ia eaea
oeyoii iieno iaaieo iiae?e, a noai?th? caeaa?eueoiai aothaee (ia
iiia?aeaiiy!) ?c i?eoiaaiei nthaeaoii aai e cian?i aac iueiai.
Ciaioaiiy ?ie? nthaeaoo a iiaaeao I.Oaeeueiaiai — yaeua ia
aeiaaeeiaa, a iiai?noth ona?aeiieaia aaoi?ii, nai???aeiee i?ioano
i?ioe o?aaeeoe?eiiai a?aeoai?aiiy aeoiie oa ii/ooo?a aa?i?a.
Uaae?ee e??eci, ioce/i?noue oai??a ca??ee “Nei? aothaee”, aea,
ye o eaeaeaeineii?, c ??cieo oo?eo?a, o?eae?a, o?ac, a?aeaeene?a
noai?ththoueny oe?e?ni? ia?ace, ea?oeie, iaaeeaeathoue iiaaee
I.Oaeeueiaiai aei iiaoeee ?ii?an?ii?cio, oaeiae aeia?a iei
canai?ii?.

Ioaea, iai?iiaioe/ia, e??eei-?ii?an?ii?noe/ia i?ica ca??ee “Nei?
aothaee” ? aoaiii noaiiaeaiiy noeeth “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”.
Iiaeeaeaiiy ineoieia?cio oa ?io?eaoth/a nthaeaoia iiia?aeue, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iiia?aeaiiy e iia?no? I.Oaeeueiaiai 1923-1927
?ie?a, noaee ae?acii iiaeie eiai iciaeaie. Ci?ieeeny e
na?oiaeyaei? i???ioe?e ienueiaiieea: aeii?ioth/ei noa? iioea iiaii?
ciaa??e a ?aeayo “caa??ii? eiioie”, e?aoo ?iiaioe/ieo ?ethc?e.
?iiaioe/ia aa?i?ea ia aeo?eio? c?oeiaiiy c ae?eni?noth
(“Naiaoi??eia ciia”, “Ioaeaeue”, “E?ethe?”, “Naioeiaioaeueia
?noi??y”, “?aai ?aaiiae/”). Aaoi?nueea noaaeaiiy aei ia?niiaae?a
aeineoue neeaaeia. C iaeiiai aieo, ?oi? i?aeianaii-?iiaioe/i?
ii?eae aeaeathoueny iaaaeaeaaoieie ia caaaeueiiio n??iio oe?,
oiio a iia?noyo i?enooi? eaaea ??ii?y uiaei ?oi?o ?aeaae?a,
ni?a/oooy aei iianye/anieo ii?acie o aeaiai? c aeeooyi. C ?ioiai
— I.Oaeeueiaee ia iiaea (oa e ia oi/a) iicaooeny ii/oooy
ai?aeino? ca nai?o naiioi?o ?iiaioee?a, caoiieaiiy ?oi?ie
ii?eaaie o aeaeeoue, iaoae ? iaaaeaeeie. Oea ii?aeiaiiy ??cieo
aiioe?eieo ?aa?no??a, caeaaaeinue ae, ianoi?nieo noeeueiaeo
cania?a aeoai?th? iniaeeaee eiei?eo, nai???aeio iiia?aeio iaia?o
I.Oaeeueiaiai.

Iiaei aeoeii a aaiethoe?? aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio I.Oaeeueiaiai noaa
eiai ?iiai “Aaeueaeoiaie”. Oeae oa?? iciaiaioaaa niaith
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ?iiaioeee, aea aaea cian?i ?ioi? yeino? —
?iiaioeee, yeo oai?youe “iia? iaa?aeii? ethaee”, neeuei?,
a?euei?, iiai? aia?a?? oa aeaae aeeooy.

Iaeaeooaeuei?o? i?iaeaie /ano oa aaiethoe?y ?iiaioe/iiai
na?oiaeyaeo I.Oaeeueiaiai iiaeai? e??cue i?ecio i?ioenoaaeaiiy
aeaio iiceoe?e, i?eoaiaiieo aa?iyi ?iiaio. Ea?aiacia noaa
nai???aeiei i?aenoieii ?icaeoeo ia?ac?a “aaca?oioiaieo ?iiaioee?a”,
a?i neiioeaio?oaaa o nia? an? o? ?ene, ui ?o iinooiiai
iaaoaaee ?iiaioe/i? aa?i? I.Oaeeueiaiai. Noenei iiaeath/e iniiai?
a?oe a?ia?ao?? Aeieo??y, ienueiaiiee, ii noo?, ao?eea a iaeiiio
ia?ac? anth aaiethoe?th nai?o ?iiaioe/ieo ia?niiaae?a: a?ae
oaiaoe/iiai caoiieaiiy ?aaiethoe?eieie ?aeayie, ai?ioueaith ca
aei??yiee ?aeaae, /a?ac iiaio naiia?aeaea/o, /a?ac aea?oiai?noue
aei ?icaoaeaiino?, a?ae/oooy aeanii? caeaino?, ui a?aoo?
ii?iaeaeo? ce?noue. O e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo, oeae ia?ac iieeeeaiee
caia?a/eoe iiia?aaei? aoaie ?icaeoeo “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”. *a?ac
aeeaieee aiae?c aeooaaiiai noaio aa?iy ienueiaiiee ?ice?eaa?
iniiai? aaaee oe??? ?iiaioeee: iaaei?? oaiaoecio, ne?ia
caoiieaiiy ?aaiethoe?eieie ?ethc?yie, iaaiaaiai?noue o nia? ye
?acoeueoao aioo??oiueiai ?icaeai?iiy, ui aeieeei i?ae aieeaii
noni?eueieo ci?i, a?aenooi?noue /?oeeo i???ioe??a o aeeoo?
(aano?aeoia “caa??ia eiioia” aaea ia iiaea caaeiaieueieoe
ienueiaiieea oa eiai aa?i?a). Iaoii?noue oiniaeaiiyi ?iiaioeee
iiaiai oeio, a oeaio?? yei? — iieie?iiy i?oeoaainueee neeueieo,
a?aeaaaeieo, aieueiaeo iniaenoinoae, ui ai?aei i?ae?eiathoueny
iaae aaceeeith ianith, iieie?iiy, ui aeeaeoueny eeio/ith
aia?a??th, a?ae/oaa? ?aae?noue aeeooy ? oai?aiiy, aeey
I.Oaeeueiaiai noaea Aaeay. Ienueiaiiee aaaaea?, ui naia oaea
iieie?iiy a?yoo? Oe?a?io, a?ae?iaeeoue “aieoao Naaieth”.

Ioaea, ye ? eiaeia ii/eiaiiy, “?iiaioeea a?oa?cio” ia??iaeo
noaiiaeaiiy ooaa?aeaeoaaeany oeyoii iiooeo ye ia ??ai? iniiaieo
noeeueiaeo aeii?iaio, na?ae/aiiyi /iai noaea oai?/?noue
I.Oaeeueiaiai, oae ? ia ??ai? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo i?iya?a
a?oa?noe/ieo ianoaiia o oai?/ino? aaaaoueio oe?a?inueeeo
ienueiaiiee?a, ui oe?iei i?aeoiieee anoaoaoo iniiaiiieiaeieea
iiaiai noeeth. Iieaciaith ?enith ia?oiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo
aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio noaa eiioe?eo i?ae aei??yiei ?aeaaeii ?
ae?eni?noth oa i?aaiaiiy ciaeoe iioeiaeuei? oeyoe eiai ae??oaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “A?oa?noe/i? oaiaeaioe?? ?aiiuei? i?ice
TH.ssiianueeiai” i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith niaoeeo?ee aeoeaiiai
?iiaioecio ia??iaeo eiai ooaeiaeiuei? c??eino? oa aeiaa?oaiino?.
Aiae?c iniaeeainoae noeeth iiaeaii ia iniia? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oai?/i? iaia?e TH.ssiianueeiai (?aii? iiaaee, ?iiaie “Iaenoa?
ei?aaey”, “*ioe?e oaae?”, “Aa?oieee”).

I?aaiaiiy a?aeooiaoiooeny a?ae o?aaeeoe??, neacaoe iiaa, “a?eio/a”
neiai a e?oa?aoo?? a?aeia?aceeiny aaea o ia?oeo ca??eao
iiia?aeaiue TH.ssiianueeiai “Iaiooia? aeai?” oa “E?ia caie?” .
Ioeuen aeeooy, ?iioeuen iieiaeino?, ui iaoiiaeee iae?aeue?oi?oo
?eno a oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea, noaee aeii?iaioith, ia ye?e
aacoaaeiny eiai iiaaoi?noai ia ??ai? ci?noo. Caia?a/aiiy
oaaeiiiino? i?inoaaeo?oueny ? ia ??ai? oi?ie iiia?aeaiue. Aiy/enue
aaiaeueiinoae ? o?aoa?aoo neeuei?oa, i?ae ea?eieiiieo
eiiiiceoe?e, ioaeaooth/eo ii??aiyiue ? iaoaoi?, oeia?ii-caaaaeeiaeo
nthaeaoieo neooaoe?e, ienueiaiiee i?aaia ooaa?aeeoe i?aai ieooey
ia iao?ea?aeuei?noue aeoiee ? aeneiao.

Iai?aeeia?i?noue aa?i?a, i?eno?ani?noue, aiioe?ei?noue iiia?ae?,
aeii?ioaaiiy noa”?eoeaiiai, oa?iie/? nthaeaoi? oiaee aeaeaaaee
?iiaioe/io i?e?iaeo ?aiiuei? i?ice ienueiaiieea. Aeey eiai oai??a
oa?aeoa?iee iioya aei iacae/aeiiai, iiooe e?aneaiai ? yne?aaiai
o aeeoo?, aeoeai?noue aaoi?nueeiai “y”, ui, aacnoii?aii, ?
i?ia?aneaiei aeyaii iai?iiaioe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e, ye? ienueiaiieee
20-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy, a oiio /ene? ? TH.ssiianueeee,
i?aeoiiethaaee ye anoaoaoo, aeyaeyth/e i?e oeueiio naith
?iaeea?aeoaeueio i??o oaeaioo.

Ia?aiee oeyo iiooeo iiaeo oi?i o e?oa?aoo?? TH.ssiianueeee
ni?eeai i?iaeiaaeea o ?iiai? “Iaenoa? ei?aaey”, e??cue i?ecio
thiaoeueeiai caoiieaiiy nai?th aiioith ini?aaaoe aia?a?th oai?/i?
i?aoe? oa aacianoaiii? aeiieoeeaino?, aeia??e aei aeeooy.

Iieeaaoe a iniiao “Iaeno?a ei?aaey” iieac oai?/iai i?ioeano,
ienueiaiiee iinoaaea ia?aae niaith caaaeaiiy aena?oeeoe eiai c
on?o aie?a, iaaeaoe iiia?ae? ianooaaiino? ? iie?oii?cio cao/aiiy,
uia o e?ioe? oai?o ia”?aeiaoe o aa?iii?eia oe?ea ethaeeio ye
iaoo?o oai?/o ? ethaeeio ye iin?y e?aueo ii?aeueieo yeinoae ?
/aniio. I?e iayaiino? iaaii? oaeoia?ao?/iino?, iiaooi?e ?iiaioe/iee
no?oi?iue ?iaeoue “Iaeno?a ei?aaey” aeaeaeei a?ae cae/aeiiai
e?oiieno oiai /ano. ?iiai oe?iiee o ia?oo /a?ao i?aeoaenoii,
ocaaaeueithth/ei nieneii. Iaoaoi?e/iee, ia?aciee eaae eiai
i?aeaiaeeoue /eoa/a aei aeoiee, ui oai?/a iaooiaiiy, oo?aioa i?i
caao?aoi?e aeaiue noaiiaeyoue niaith nain aeeooy eiaeii?
ethaeeie, yea i?aaia ia?aoai?eoe naith e?a?io ia eaceiaee e?ae
oai?/i? i?aoe? oa aa?iii?eii ?icaeiaieo iniaenoinoae.
TH.ssiianueeee iaiiaiea oa?? aeeaieith neiaie?eith, ui a e?ioeaaiio
i?aenoieo noai?eei aoiinoa?o uiaeaiiiai aa?i?cio neeueieo
iniaenoinoae. Ienueiaiiee ?icaeoio? iaae oeie oeyoaie, ui ?o
ia?aea eiai aea?aeaaa, noaaoe aei eoeueoo?iiai aoae?aieoeoaa.
Aena?oeaiiy ?aea? iaeaoooy Oe?a?ie aeey ienueiaiieea ia?ic?eaii
iia”ycaia ?c ?icaeoiaie i?i aaeeea iieeeeaiiy ethaeeie-o?oae?aieea
ia caie?, i?i oai?/o ianiaao oa i?i iaoe?eai?noue ia ai?ioueao
i?ioe a?aenoaeino? e iao??a?oaeueueie a ethaenuee?e na?aeiiino?.

“Iaenoa? ei?aaey” – ?aeeiee oa?? TH.ssiianueeiai, uaae?i iane/aiee
ia?ei?noe/iei eiei?eoii. Ia?ac ii?y i?aee?aneth? iaaiiei?i?noue
ii?eaaiue aa?i?a ?iiaio, ? iniiaith aecioe/iino? oai?o.
Aeio?eioth/enue iniiaieo i???ioe??a aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio,
ienueiaiiee aaiaeeoue o ?iiai ?yae iaaoaeaiieo, aeooiaii neeueieo
aa?i?a (Aiaaeai, Oaeao). ? ana ae iaeaieiai?oee aa?ie “Iaeno?a
ei?aaey” – oai?/?noue. Iaooiaii? iiene ethaenueei? i?aoe?, ue?a
caoiieaiiy iaee?auith ?enith ethaeeie — ai?iiyi oai?eoe i?ae?ania
aeeeaathoueny o noaeeueiaaiee e??e/iee a?aenooi-a?ii ?oeai
o?oae?aieea, ui aeey TH.ssiianueeiai noaee aaee/iei neiaieii.

Oaeei /eiii, ?iiai TH.ssiianueeiai i?ae?eia? a?/i? ieoaiiy,
aaeeoath/e o e?oa?aoo?o iiaooi?e no?oi?iue iieiaeino?, eioaiiy,
caacyooy, oai?/iai c?inoaiiy, ui a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo
ia?aoai?th?oueny a ?aeeiee ii?ea aei i?ae?aniiai. Oaeee i?aeo?ae
ienueiaiieea aei ooaeiaeiueiai o?aeooaaiiy iniiaieo canaae
eiioeaioe?? “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio” /?oei ie?aneth? aeii?iaioo
ae?oaiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo noeeth – iieac aa?iii?eiiai ii?aeiaiiy
ae?eniino? e ?aeaaeo (a aeaiiio oai?? – o i?ioean? oai?/i?
i?aoe?).

Iii?e an? e?ea?aeaoi?nuee? iano?i? noiniaii ?iiaioecio a e?eoeoe?
ii?aaiethoe?eiiai ia??iaeo, ienoaoeoai caaaa/oaaeiny aeaaeae?
cia/i?oeie ooaeiaei?ie yaeuaie, ye? noai?thaaeeny naia a
iai?iiaioe/iiio eeth/?. O oai?/ino? TH.ssiianueeiai oaeei yaeuai
noaa ?iiai “*ioe?e oaae?”. Oe?a?ia 1919-ai ?ieo, noeo?y
oe?a?inueeiai iianoainoaa oa i?eai?eaiiy noeo?eiino?, aaaeea
ia?iaeaeaiiy aeenoeeie?iiaaiiai a?enueea — oie aeeoo?aee ieano, ui
eiai oaiaoe/ii ioiieth? oa?? ienueiaiieea. Iniaeea?noue aea ?iiaio
iieyaaea a oiio, ui TH.ssiianueeee, ca eiai aeaniei aeneiaii,
iaiaaaany iiiaoecoaaoe o?eueee “aa?i?ci aeeiiaiiy”, “aieth aei
cae?eniaiiy iaeac?a ?aaiethoe?? ia ie?aieo ae?eyieao”. Noeeaoai?/a
aia?a?y iiia?ae? a ?iiai? “*ioe?e oaae?” — oea caoiieaia
iaoaoeea e e??eci. Oaeei aeooii iiaoecaoe?? i?ieiyoa no?oeoo?a
oai?o: ?icae?ee a iueiio iacaaii i?niyie ? eiaei?e ia?aaeo?
a??oiaaiee cani?a. Ienueiaiiee uaae?i aeei?enoiao? ia?iaeio
neiaie?eo, oieueeei?i? oa ?noi?e/i? iioeae, uia iiaeaoe /eoa/aa?
nai???aeiee aeno?aeo aa?i?cio. TH.ssiianueeee ?aeaae?co? aa?i?ci,
aea oey ?aeaae?caoe?y ia noai?th? aoiinoa?e iai?aaaeiiiae?aiino?.
Oaeaeoa aeieea? a?aaeaiiy, ui aa?i? aaeainothoue ia iaae?
iiaeeeaiai. Ioaea, ienueiaiiee i?iaeiaaeo? ?ic?iaeyoe ?aeath
aa?iii?? i?ae aei??yiei ? aeinyaiooei, ao?ethth/e ?? a aeaiiio
aeiaaeeo ia iniia? ciaethaaiiy aecaieueieo ia?iaeieo ?oo?a. E??i
oiai, ia?oei ?icae?eai ?iiaio “*ioe?e oaae?” a on?e iiaiio?
i?eoaiaii? e oae? iaa?ae”?ii? ?ene aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio, ye
iioei?ci, aeeoo?noaa?aeaeaiiy, a??a a aeinyaiaiiy eiie?aoii
iai?/aiiai ?aeaaeo.

Uiaei inoaii?o ?icae?e?a ?iiaio, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui
TH.ssiianueeee ca ?o iniiao acya aeeoo?aee iaoa??ae ?ioi? yeino?,
ia?ai?noea nai?o aa?i?a o iacae/ia ioi/aiiy, aea i?aaioa
?iciia?noe i?i ieo o oiio naiiio eeth/?. Aiane?aeie oaeiai
aenia?eiaioo o? ?oi? ?ene oa iniaeeaino? aaea/?, ui i?aai?/ii
ia?aie?oaeeny c? noeo??th iianoainueeiai ?ooo, aeyaeeeny aeaui
ooo/ieie, iaaei?a/ieie a ia??iae ie?ii? i?aoe?. Ca?aene e iioeae
ianei?cio, ui ?o cai?ei?oeee e?eoeee, ? iaaia ?iceaiai?noue
caaaeueii? eiiiiceoe?? oai?o, a?aenooi?noue aaaeaiiai ooaeiaeiueiai
aoaeoo. Oaea ci?uaiiy aeoeaio?a, ii?ooaiiy aa?iii??, iiaa?iaiiy
aei i?iaeaie “ao?a/aiiai iieie?iiy”, yea oe?iei ?ic?iaeyeanue o
ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”, noaee, ii noo?,
i?ia?nieeii caiaiaaeo aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio, inoaoi/io e?eco yeiai
iioaa?aeeoue ianooiiee ?iiai TH.ssiianueeiai “Aa?oieee”.

I?ney aei?noieeo e?eoe/ieo iaiaaeie ia “*ioe?e oaae?” ienueiaiiee
?iaeoue ni?iao ii?aeiaoe naith oai?/o iaia?o c io?oe?eieie
aeiiaaie. A ?acoeueoao? oe?a?inueea i?ica iiiiaieeany oai?ii, a
yeiio ca ciai?oi?ie aenieiiaenoa?ieie ?iiaioe/ieie i?eeiiaie
i?eoiaoaaeanue ?aeaeii niioai?aia ?aaeuei?noue, iicia/aia oaa?ii
a?aenooiieoeoaa aaoi?a a?ae nai?o eieeoi?o ia?aeiiaiue. ?iiaioeci
“Aa?oiee?a” iaoe?eaiee ia?o ca ana ia ?ice?eooy aeooaaieo noai?a
aa?i?a-oai?oe?a ?aaiethoe??, ineoieia?/ieo aeaea?ae ?oiuei?
aa?i?ee. Oea caaaeaiiy aeeiio?oueny c aeiiiiiaith ?yaeo
?iiaioe/ieo i?eeii?a, ye oi iaaia oiiai?noue, neiaie?/i?noue,
iaoaoi?eci, e??e/i? a?aenooie, iaecaae?, iiaeaii?aa ioi?ieai?noue
oiui. Aea, ca iaaaeeeei aeiyoeii, aiie o?ainoi?ioaaeeny
a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia nioe?ae?noe/iiai ?aae?cio ye aeii?iaioe
oai?o. Oiio ?iiai TH.ssiianueeiai “Aa?oieee”, aaea iaaiith i??ith
i?enoiniaaiee aei iiai? neooaoe??, aoa o 30-o? ?iee OO noie?ooy
/e ia inoaiiueith ni?iaith ao?eiaoe anth oe?a?inueeo e?oa?aoo?o
ia oiio a?ae?iaeaeainueeiio ??ai?, yeiai nyaaea aiia a e?aueo
oai?ao 20-o ?ie?a.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “Aieea a?oa?noe/ieo oaiaeaioe?e ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy
ia ai?a?aoe?eio e?oa?aoo?o 40-o ?ie?a. Nai???aei?noue aeoeaiiai
?iiaioecio ?.Aaa?yiiai” aena?oeth? iniiai? aniaeoe ae?yeueiino?
Ienoaoeueeiai Oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo, ia ia??iae ?nioaaiiy yeiai
i?eiaaea? iiaee nieane aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio. Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui
oea aoei a ia?oo /a?ao a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iieai?ee uiaei iniiaieo
iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano, ni?iaa oai?aiiy
e?oa?aoo?e iiai? yeino?. O?aaeeoe?? ao?oeeaeo 20-o ?ie?a c naiiai
ii/aoeo iaeeaee na?e a?aeaeoie ia ae?yeuei?noue i?aaenoaaiee?a
IO?o. Aaea c ia?oeo e?ie?a icia/eaoe naaa ye /a?aiaa
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, oeae ?oo iioaa?aeea naith ni?acao/i?noue ?c
eiioeaioe??th “a?oa?cio”. Ia ia?oiio aoai? oi?ioaaiiy IO?o eiai
caniiaieee ea?oaaeeny ?aea?th ae?aaoe oaeaioe c i?yeiaeiiy
aeeooy, noai?eoe oai?/o aoiinoa?o iaaeiei ienueiaiiee?a, caeeanoe
i?aeaaeeie aeey iiyae aeaeaoieo c?ace?a ienoaoeoaa. “A?aeeeaeath/e
ana ienoaoeueee-iaaeieoaa oa ?aeaeii-ai?iaea oe?a?inueeiio
ia?iaeia?, oe?a?inuee? ienooe? ia”?aeiothoueny aeey oiai, uia o
oiaa?enonuee?e ni?ai?aoe? ciaaaoe aei aa?oei ni?aaaeiueiai ?
iiaaaeiiai ienoaoeoaa. Oea ia”?aeiaiiy oe?a?inueeeo ienooe?a ia
ai?a?aoe?? a?aee?eoa aeey an?o ae?y/?a neiaa, iaicey, noeaie,
ye? ieoooue ia nai?io i?aii?? aanei aeineiiaeiai, ?aeaeii e
oi?iaeueii c??eiai ? a?/ii ooeath/iai ienoaoeoaa”, Oeeo. ca:
Iaaee/ei N. Aeeneo?n iiaea?i?cio a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??.- E.,
1997.- N.240.- i?iaieiooaaeiny a Aeaeea?aoe?? ?i?oe?aoeaii? a?oie
IO?o. Oai?/a ?ioae?aaioe?y, iieieaoenue ia /oaeei? e
ona?aeiiethth/e iaiiaeeea?noue iiaa?iaiiy, i?aaea caoaeoaaoe
aaouee?aueio o aeani?e aeoo?.

Iniiaiei ieoaiiyi, ui eiai ae??ooaaee ae?y/? IO?o, aoei i?i ui
? ye ienaoe, uia oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a iin?ea a?aeia i?noea o
na?o?. Ienueiaiieee-ai?a?aioe o nai?o iiaeyaeao ia e?oa?aoo?o
aeio?eioaaeeny aeaio eiioeaioe?e:

— eiioeaioe?y “aaeeei? e?oa?aoo?e”, cai?iiiiiaaia Oeanii Nai/oeii.
Oaeith a eiai ?icoi?ii? aoea oai?/?noue Oaa/aiea, O?aiea, Ean?
Oe?a?iee, oiaoi eoeiny i?i eeane/iee noeeue iiia?aaeiueiai noie?ooy;

— eiioeaioe?y iaoe?iiaeueii-i?aai?/iiai noeeth, aenoiooa TH.Oa?aoii.
Oeae oeyo ?c eiai noa”?eoeaiith aeni?an??th, ?oeioaaiiyi eaiii?a,
iioei?ciii, ian?ainueeith aiaaiai?noth ? aoa o iaaiiio nain?
i?iaeiaaeaiiyi aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio a ai?a?aoe?ei?e e?oa?aoo??
40-o ?ie?a.

?nioaaee e ?io? iiceoe??: TH??e Eina/ aaeaany aei inieneaiiy
i?iaeaie e?ece oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, yea ia ciiaea noaoe
“aaeeeith” c i?e/eie ?? iie?oecaoe??; ?.Einoaoeueeee niia?aeoaaa
“aaniethoiee ?aae?ci”, iicia/aiee anaioiieai?noth, oe?ioith,
einiiiie?oeciii, ?ic?eaii ?c o?aaeeoe??th oa iiaiith
aeano?oeoe??th; aei nai???aeiiai ?iiaioecio caeeeeaa aeo?iae
“Caaii”.

?nioaaiiy a ?aieao iaei??? i?aai?caoe?? oaeeo ??cieo iiaeyae?a
ia oeyoe ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e (ye, iai?eeeaae,
iiceoe?? Nai/oea ? Oa?aoa) iinooiiai ?oeioaaei ?aei?noue IO?o.
Ana?aaeei? i?aai?caoe?? aec??aaa eiioe?eo iieie?iue, eiioe?eo
anoaoee, ui noinoaaany, a ia?oo /a?ao, ianoaiia
iaoe?iiaeueii-i?aai?/iiai noeeth. Ii/aoeiaee aiooc?aci cieeaa,
iinooiath/enue i?noeai ?icaoaeaiino? e no?aoo ia?aae
aacia?niaeoeaiei iaeaooi?i. Caaaeaiiy, ui ?o noaaea ia?aae niaith
IO? o 1945 ?ioe?, caeeoathoueny ia aeeiiaieie, a naia
ia”?aeiaiiy ?iciaaea?oueny. ? ana-oaee aeeneon?? oa iieai?ee IO?o
noai?eee a?aeiia?aeiee eiioaeno aeey oai?/ino? aaoi??a, ui
i?aaioee c?oeioaaoe eiina?aaoeai?noue na?oiaeyaeo, ciaeoe iia?
oeyoe ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aeey ?.Aaa?yiiai, ui na?aae aaaaoiaieinny IO??anueeeo aeeneon?e
ianoithaaa iie?oe/io i???ioaoe?th e?oa?aoo?e, oaeei oeyoii
aaa/aany aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci, i?enoiniaaiee aei iiai? noni?eueii?
neooaoe??. Naith iiceoe?th ienueiaiiee iioaa?aeea ?iiaiaie
“Oea?ieiae”, “Naae Aaoneiainueeee”, “Ethaeeia a?aeeoue iaae
i???aith”. Aiie ianee a nia? aeoo aa?i?/ii? ?iiaioeee.
Eiie?aoiee aeya oe??? aa?i?ee iinoa? /a?ac iiaoecaoe?th aeooiaii?
iaceaiiino? e aioiaiino? aa?i?a a?aeaeaoe a ai?iouea? ca
ia?aiiao aeia?a, aoiaiiino?, ni?aaaaeeeaino? iaeaei?iae/a — aeeooy,
aea ia nei?eoeny ia?aae neeith oaooio, ia ao?aoeoe nai?
ethaenueea iaee//y. O ca”yceo c oeei aa?i? ?.Aaa?yiiai noaee
?iiaioe/ieie ia?acaie-neiaieaie, a /e?o ?icaeoiao ? ii/oaaiiyo
aeiaethaaany ?oi?e aeeaeiiee ca”ycie c ia?iaeiei ei?aiai, c
?noi???th e no/ani?noth Oe?a?ie. ?.Aaa?yiee ao?eth? nai?
i?eno?ania aaaeaiiy iieacaoe ?iiaioe/iee ii?ea ethaenueei? aeoo?
aei e?ane e aa?iii??, ia?aaeaoe oie i?aeianaiee iano??e,
caaaeyee yeiio na?o iino?eii aaeineiiaeth?oueny. Caoiieaoenue
oaeith ianoaiiaith, ienueiaiiee iiaeaeoaee iaa?oue ao?a/a?
a?ae/oooy i??e, iine?aeiaii ia?aaiaey/e aa?i?a o eaoaai??th
ia?ac?a-neiaie?a /e oi Oe?a?ie, /e oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, ui
yne?aai a?aeia?aaeaei eiai oai?aoe/io iiceoe?th iiaa?iaiiy aei
e?oa?aoo?e ye iie?oe/ii? i?n??.

Uiaei noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae ?iiai?a ?.Aaa?yiiai, ia?ii
nai???aeiee neie?aoeci o eiai oai?/ino?. sseui a?aoe aei oaaae
ioe?ieo ?.Aaa?yiei no/aniino?, oi ooo a?i aenooia? noai?ei
?aae?noii. ?icaeyioo? oai?e — ?acth/ee aeieoiaio ?aaeyinueei?
ae?eniino?, aea an? ae?acee oiai/aniiai noni?euenoaa iaieaii c
iaaecae/aeiith neeith ? i?aaaeea?noth. C ?ioiai aieo, i?aaiaiiy
aeyiooe ca ia??? nueiaiaeaiiy, aeeeeeaia eiai iai?eeiyooyi,
iaa?oiooaaiiy naiioe?iiino? ethaenueei? iniaenoino?, i?aaiaiiy
iiaa/eoe a ethaeei? aeooo ia?iaeo, anaaeaaeiee e??eci, iia?oee
ia oieueeei?, aeaeathoue iai iaooiaiiiai ?iiaioeea. Na?ae/aiiy
oeueiio iiaeia ciaeoe a eiaeiiio c ?iiai?a, ui iathoue oe?eee
?yae ni?eueieo ?en. Ioaea, ?aae?noe/ia e ?iiaioe/ia ia/aea a
?iiaiao ?.Aaa?yiiai aaeaei aca?iiaeiiiaiththoueny. Ai?oth/a
iaoo?ae?noe/ia oei aeiiiiaaa? a?eueo ?aeue?oii ao?eeoe iniiaio
?aeath oai??a — iacieuaii?noue ethaeeie ? iaoe??, i?aeneeeoe
aeeoo?noaa?aeiee iaoin. ?, iaaiaee, eiiieaen ?iiaioe/ieo,
a?oa?noe/ieo ?en ia?ae?aneth? ianei?noe/ia ni?eeiyooy ae?eniino?,
? na?ae/aiiyi aeeaieiai aoiai?cio aaoi?a.

Ni?iaa a?ae?iaeeoe aa?i?/iee aeoo aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio 20-o ?ie?a
c eiai iianye/aniith a??ith oa iioei?ciii o ia iaio neeaaeiee
ia??iae e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano 40-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy a oe?eiio
iaea iiceoeaiee oa?aeoa?. Aea noiniaii oai?/ino? ?.Aaa?yiiai, ui
a?aecia/aeany iayai?noth iaaieo noa?aioei?a, aa?oaoe?eieo ee?oa,
iiaa?oia?noth o ae??oaii? eiioe?eoo i?ae iniaeno?noth ?
noni?euenoaii, aiia aeyaeeany iaaaeaeith, ai oaea iaia?a aaea ia
a?aeiia?aeaea aeooia? /ano.

O aeniiaeao iiaea?oueny iniiaiee i?aenoiie i?iaaaeaiiai iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ?iaio? anoaiiaeaii, ui aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci ?nioaaa ye iaeei
?c i?ia?aeieo noee?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e 20-30-o ?ie?a oa
ai?a?aoe?eii? e?oa?aoo?e 40-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy. A?i aeiee ia
a?oio? iniiaieo anoaoe/ieo canaae iai?iiaioecio c eiai iaaieiiei
ii?eaii “o aeaeeoue”, iioyaii aei e?ane ? aa?iii??. A iniia?
eiioeaioe?? iiaiai noeeth eaaeaea ia aano?aeoe?y, a eiie?aoi?
?aeaaee, ui aeaeaaaeeny eiai i?aaenoaaieeai iaeaea ao?eaieie.

Ca ia??iae naiai ?nioaaiiy aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci i?ieoia ?yae
noaae?e, ia”?aeioth/ith ?enith yeeo aoei aeeoo?noaa?aeaeaiiy, ii?ea
aei ?aeaaeo. Iaeiae eiaeai ?c ia??iae?a ?icaeoeo “?iiaioeee
a?oa?cio” oa?aeoa?ecoaaany iaaieie iniaeeainoyie. Nie?ath/enue ia
oaenooaeueiee aiae?c ooaeiaeiuei? niaaeueie iaea?eueo aaoi?eoaoieo
i?aaenoaaiee?a noeeth, aaoi?ia? aaeaeiny aeyaeoe /ioe?e iniiai?
aoaie ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio ia?oi? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy:

1) Ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”, ?ai?acaioiaaiee
oai?/?noth I.Oaeeueiaiai. Ia caaaeueiiio oe? a?i aeaea?oueny
iaea?eueo neeaaeiei ? noia?a/eeaei. O iueiio i?aaaeth? ianoaiiaa
ia caaee/aiiy ?aaiethoe?eii? noeo??, iane/aii? aa?i?ei-?iiaioe/iei
iaoinii. Aea aeineoue oaeaeei aeii?ioth/ei noa? eiioe?eo i?ae
?aeaaeii oa ae?eni?noth. Ca?aene iioeae aioo??oiueiai ?icaeai?iiy
iniaenoino?, i?ioenoaaeaiiy aa?iy oa noni?euenoaa o ii?aeiaii? c
/?oeith ianoaiiaith ia iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaieo yaeu aeeooy, c
iioei?noe/iith a??ith o oi?aeanoai aeaaeaieo ?aeaae?a. Nai???aeiei
i?aenoieii oai?/eo iiooe?a I.Oaeeueiaiai a?aoo? noa? ?iiaioeea
iiaiai oeio, yeo oai?youe neeuei?, aieueia? iniaenoino?.

2) Aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci ia??iaeo c??eino? e aeiaa?oaiino?,
?ai?acaioiaaiee ?aiiueith oai?/?noth TH.ssiianueeiai. I?iaeiaaeoth/e
?icaeaaoe o?aaeeoe?? iiainoai?aiiai noeeth, ienueiaiiee iii?oii
ci?ith? aeoeaioe. I?eno?ani?noue, aiioe?ei?noue, aecioe/i?noue,
ianiiae?aai? ooaeiaei? i?eeiie, aeoeai?noue aa?i?a o aeinyaiaii?
iinoaaeaii? iaoe caeeoathoueny, aea ia ci?io aioo??oiueiio
eiioe?eoo i?eoiaeeoue aa?iii?eia ii?aeiaiiy ae?eniino? oa ?aeaaeo
/e oi a i?ioean? iaooiaiii? oai?/i? i?aoe? (?iiai “Iaenoa?
ei?aaey”), /e o aecaieueieo ia?iaeieo ?ooao (?iiai “*ioe?e
oaae?”), ui e noaei noeeaoai?/ith aeii?iaioith ae?oaiai ia??iaeo
?icaeoeo aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio.

3) Ia??iae caiaiaaeo aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio. Eiai i?ia?nieeii noaee
inoaii? ?icae?ee ?iiaio TH.ssiianueeiai “*ioe?e oaae?”, a yeeo
ia ci?io aa?iii?? ciiao i?eoiaeeoue iioea aioo??oiueiai
?icaeai?iiy, ianei?cio. Inoaoi/ii e?eco “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”
20-30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy, ianeeueieoeueee caoeniooi? io?oe?eiith
e?eoeeith o a?aeiia?aei? ?aiee, iioaa?aeea ianooiiee ?iiai
ienueiaiieea “Aa?oieee”, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaa?aeiia?aei?noth
i?ae ?iiaioe/iith oi?iith oa ca?aeaieia?ciaaiei ci?noiaei
iaaaioaaeaiiyi.

4) Aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci “ae?oai? oaee?”, ?ai?acaioiaaiee
ai?a?aoe?eiith e?oa?aoo?ith 40-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy, cie?aia,
oai?/?noth ?.Aaa?yiiai. Iii?e iaiaaaiiy a?ae?iaeeoe “?iiaioeeo
a?oa?cio”, ae?y/ai IO?o oea ia aaea?oueny aiane?aeie i?e/ei ye
ia»?eoeaiiai, oae ? noa”?eoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Eiaeai ?c aiae?ciaaieo ienueiaiiee?a – ? I.Oaeeueiaee, ?
TH.ssiianueeee, ? ?.Aaa?yiee — ii-nai?io ao?ethaaa o nai?o oai?ao
aeeoo?noaa?aeiee iaoin, ii?ea aei ?aeaaeo – iaeiieacia?o? ?ene
“?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”. Ia ana c oai?/iai aei?iaeo i?aaenoaaiee?a
aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio ??aiiaa?o?nia, aea naia oeae noeeue ci?a
?ice?eoe aeoo iai?oaeaii? ? ianiie?eii? aeiae ia?oeo aeanyoee?oue
OO noie?ooy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeo? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. A?ae?eii-o?enoeyinuee? iioeae oa ia?ace a ?iiai? “Naae
Aaoneiainueeee” // Neiai ? /an.- 1996.- ?10.- N.57-61 (0,4 ae?.a?e.)

2. Aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci o oai?/ino? ?aiiueiai TH.ssiianueeiai //
Neiai ? /an.- 1999.- ?3.- N.

3. Na?oiaeyaei? iiceoe?? Ieeiee Oaeeueiaiai // Iniaeno?noue
ienueiaiieea ia o?ioe? e?oa?aoo?e.- Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee.-
Noie,1997.- N.109-119 (0,5 ae?.a?e.)

4. A?ae?eii-o?enoeyinuee? iioeae ?iiaio ?.Aaa?yiiai “Naae
Aaoneiainueeee” ye iaeei ?c aaaeeeaeo iiiaio?a aeoiaaiiy
aeooiaiino? o/i?a ia o?ioe? e?oa?aoo?e // Aeoiaaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a
ia i?eioeeiao caaaeueiiethaenueei? ii?ae?.- Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iee
iin?aiee.- Noie, 1993.- N.28-33 (0,2 ae?. a?e.)

AIIOAOe?ss

Naa/aiei C.A. “?iiaioeea a?oa?cio” (aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci) a
oe?a?inuee?e i?ic? ia?oi? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.01- oe?a?inueea
e?oa?aoo?a. ?inoeooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy oa
?icaeoeo noeeth “?iiaioeea a?oa?cio” (aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci) a
oe?a?inuee?e i?ic? 20-30-o ?ie?a oa a ai?a?aoe?ei?e e?oa?aoo??
40-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy. Ca?aeii c iiceoe??th aaoi?a, icia/aiee
i?ioean oiiaii aeeoa?aioe?th?oueny ia /ioe?e ia??iaee:

1) noaiiaeaiiy “?iiaioeee a?oa?cio”;

2) aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci ia??iaeo c??eino?;

3) ia??iae caiaiaaeo aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecio;

4) aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci “ae?oai? oaee?”.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae iioaa?aeaeaii eiie?aoiei oaenooaeueiei
aiae?cii c o?aooaaiiyi noeeueiaeo aeii?iaio eiaeiiai c icia/aieo
ia??iae?a, aieeao ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy noeeth e?oa?aoo?iiai
na?aaeiaeua oa aeya?a a?oa?noe/ii? eiioeaioe?? o oai?/ino?
ie?aieo ienueiaiiee?a.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaiaai? o ioae?eaoe?yo, eaeoe?eieo
eo?nao, iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a ina?oi?e i?aeoeoe?, o
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e OO noie?ooy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: “?iiaioeea a?oa?cio”, aeoeaiee ?iiaioeci, noeeue,
noeeueiaa aeii?iaioa.

AIIIOAOeEss.

Naa/aiei C.A. “?iiaioeea aeoaecia” (aeoeaiue ?iiaioeci) a
oe?aeineie i?ica ia?aie iieiaeiu OO aaea.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.01 — oe?aeineay
eeoa?aoo?a.- Einoeooo eeoa?aoo?u ei.O.A.Oaa/aiei IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth i?ioeanna noaiiaeaiey e
?acaeoey “?iiaioeee aeoaecia” a oe?aeineie i?ica 20-30-o aiaeia
e a aiiea?aoeeiiiie eeoa?aoo?a 40-o aiaeia OO aaea. A
niioaaonoaee n iiceoeeae aaoi?a, yoio i?ioeann oneiaii
aeeooa?aioeee?oaony ia /aou?a ia?eiaea:

1.Noaiiaeaiea “?iiaioeee aeoaecia”. Oa?aeoa?iay /a?oa yoiai
ia?eiaea – iiene noeeaaie aeiieiaiou. Ia?aiia/aeueiay onoaiiaea ia
aicaaee/eaaiea ?aaiethoeeiiiie noeoee niaiyaony iioeaii
ianiaianoeiinoe eaeaaea e aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, ?acaeaiaiey ee/iinoe,
/oi a ?acoeueoaoa i?eaiaeeo e iniciaieth iaiaoiaeeiinoe
nicaeaiey ?iiaioeee iiaiai oeia. Iniaaiiinoe ia?eiaea noaiiaeaiey
“?iiaioeee aeoaecia” iaeaieaa y?ei io?aaeaiu a oai?/anoaa
I.Oaueaaiai.

2.Aeoeaiue ?iiaioeci ia?eiaea c?aeinoe. Ia niaio aioo?aiiaio
eiioeeeoo i?eoiaeeo aa?iiiey iaaeaeo aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth e
eaeaaeii, /oi noaei noeeaia?acothuae aeiieiaioie aoi?iai ia?eiaea
?acaeoey aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecia (?aiiaa oai?/anoai TH.ssiianeiai).

3.Ia?eiae oiaaeea aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecia, oa?aeoa?ecothueeny
ianiioaaonoaeai iaaeaeo ?iiaioe/aneie oi?iie e
caeaeaieiaece?iaaiiui niaea?aeaieai (?iiai TH.ssiianeiai
“Anaaeieee”). I?e/eiie en/aciiaaiey aeoeaiiai ?iiaioecia a
oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?a 20-30-o aiaeia OO aaea, eae e ae?oaeo
iiaea?ienoneeo noeeae e iai?aaeaiee, noaei ioeoeeaeueiia
iaaycuaaiea eeoa?aoi?ai aeiai e eaiiiia nioeeaeenoe/aneiai
?aaeecia.

4.Aeoeaiue ?iiaioeci “aoi?ie aieiu”. Yoio ia?eiae oa?aeoa?ecoaony
iiiuoeie aic?iaeeoue “?iiaioeeo aeoaecia” 20-30-o aiaeia a
yiiea?aoeeiiiie eeoa?aoo?a 40-o aiaeia OO aaea. Iaeiaei, ianiio?y
ia ia?niaeoeaiinoue, yoio i?ioeann ia oaai/aeny oniaoii.

I?aaeeiaeaiiue iiaeoiae iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony eiie?aoiui oaenooaeueiui
aiaeecii n o/aoii noeeaauo aeiieiaio eaaeaeiai ec ia?eiaeia,
aeeyiey ia ooieoeeiie?iaaiea noeey eeoa?aoo?iie n?aaeu, a oaeaea
i?iyaeaiey aeoaenoe/aneie eiioeaioeee a oai?/anoaa ioaeaeueiuo
ienaoaeae.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou ai?iae?iaaiu a ioaeeeaoeeyo,
eaeoeeiiiuo eo?nao, iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny a ia?aciaaoaeueiie
i?aeoeea, a iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?u OO aaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: “?iiaioeea aeoaecia”, aeoeaiue ?iiaioeci, noeeue,
noeeaaay aeiieiaioa.

ANNOTATION .

Savchenko Z.V. “Romance of the vitaism” ( active romanticism ) in the
Ukrainian prose in the first half of the twentieth century. –
Manuscript.

The thesis competing for the candidate degree in Philology. –
Speciality – 10.01.01 – Ukrainian Literature. Shevchenko Institute of
Literature, NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis deals with the formation and development of the “romance of
the vitaism” ( active romanticism ) in the Ukrainian prose and
emigration literature in the first half of the 20th century. According
to the author”s point of view, this process may be divided into four
periods:

1) formation of the “romance of the vitaism”;

2) active romanticism in its mature period;

3) decadence of the active romanticism;

4) active romanticism of the “second wave”.

The suggested method is confirmed with the concrete textual analysis
considering style dominants of every described period, influence of the
literary environmemt upon style functioning and displaying of the
vitaistic conception in some writers creative works.

The principal results of the work are tested in publications, lecture
courses and may be used in educational practice and Ukrainan literature
of the 20th century scientific researches.

Key words: “romance of the vitaism”, active romanticism, style, style
dominant.

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