Роль інфекційних агентів в патології репродуктивних органів корів і телиць на молочно-товарних фермах півдня України: Автореф. дис… канд. вет. наук

I?I?NOA?NOAI AA?II?IIENEIAIAI EIIIEAENO

OE?A?IE

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo

AOIAIIEE Ieaa A?eai?iae/

OAeE : 619 : 616.9 – 0,84 : 636,14 : 636.22/ .28/477.7/.

?ieue ?ioaeoe?eieo aaaio?a a iaoieia??

?ai?aeoeoeaieo ei??a ? oaeeoeue ia iiei/ii-oiaa?ieo oa?iao

i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 16.00.03 — Aaoa?eia?ia i?e?ia?ieia?y oa a??onieia?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1 9 9 9

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
?inoeooo?, a oaeiae a oiiaao ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaoeia? ea??aieee:

Aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Aoaianue Aaeaioei sseeiiae/,

Caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ai?ciioieia?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo

Eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe Noai?oaanueeee ?aaai Oaaei?iae/, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? o??o?a?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ao?ye ?aaai ?aaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?e?ia?ieia?? ? a??onieia??
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo

Eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

Aieinyiei Ieaia A?eoi??aia, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
eaai?aoi??? aea/aiiy a??onieo oai?ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae ?inoeoooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “18 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41. 843. 01 i?e Iaeanueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ?inoeooo? (270039 i.Iaeana, aoe.
E?aniiaa 3 “A”, Aaoa?eia?i? ee?i?ee.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo (270039 i. Iaeana,
aoe.Eaiaoia,99)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “18“ o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
?ICOI ?.TH

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/ani? iaoiaee aaaeaiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa aeiaaathoue
?ioaineaiiai io?eiaiiy i?eieiaeo a?ae iaoi/iiai iiaie?a’y oaa?ei.
Ae??oeoe oea ieoaiiy i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai aac noai?aiiy nenoaie caoiae?a
i?ioe ?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue, ye? o?aaeathoue nenoaio i?aai?a
?iciiiaeaiiy.

A inoaii? ?iee ana iaioa ?a?no?o?oueny niaeao?a oaeeo oai?ia, ye
a?ooeaeueic, eaii?eiaaeoa??ic, o?eoiiiiic, ui o?aaeathoue nenoaio
i?aai?a ?iciiiaeaiiy. Ia ci?io ?i i?eoiaeyoue a??oni? caoai?thaaiiy, ye?
a neeo ?ioaineaiiai aaaeaiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa iaaoee cia/iiai
?iciianthaeaeaiiy a on?o aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/ieo iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie.

Iaea?eueoiai iioe?aiiy a iaoieia?? nenoaie noaoaaeo i?aai?a
iaoi/iiai iiaie?a’y aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae iaaoa ?ioaeoe?eiee
?eiio?aoa?o — ionooeueiciee aoeueaiaaa?i?o, caoaeieeii yeiai ?

a??on aa?iana ?-ai oeio / I.I. E?theia, 1960; A.I. Nth?ei,
1979; I.O. Oo?aoa, 1981; ?.A. Aiae???a c? ni?aaao., 1987, 1990 oa ?i. /.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth iaoieia??, yeo coiiaeth? oeae caoaeiee, ?
oa, ui oai?iaa /ano?oa ia? aacneiioiiiee ia?aa?a, i?ney yeiai oaa?eie
i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano caeeoathoueny a??oniiin?yie ?
a??oniaeae?eeoaeyie / ?.A. Aiae???a oa ?i., 1975; I.I. Ooen, 1993; E.A.
Aii/a?iaa, 1993 /.

Oai??thoue ia ?ioaeoe?eiee ?eiio?aoa?o — ionooeueiciee
aoeueaiaaa?i?o ei?iae ? oaeeoe? an?o a?eiaeo a?oi. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i
oa, ui a??on ia? ia o?eueee ai?eciioaeueiee, a ? aa?oeeaeueiee oeyo
ia?aaea/?. ?iia??ii oaeiae ? oa, ui aa?oeeaeueiei oeyoii ia?aaea/?
a??ono coiiaeai? aai?oe ? ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiiy iieiaeiyeo o ei??a ?
iaoae?a / I.I. Ooen c ni?aaao., 1987; ?.A. Aiae???a c ni?aaao., 1987 /.

I?ioyaii inoaii?o ?ie?a a/aieie iaoi? e?a?ie aoea ?ic?iaeaia
nenoaia i?ioeai?ciioe/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia ai?ioueao c oe??th
?ioaeoe??th, aoei oaeiae neiino?oeiaaii ?yae aaeoeei ? cai?iiiiiaaii
aaaaoi i?aia?ao?a aeey e?eoaaiiy oaa?ei.

?acii c oei aanoe i?aeoe/ii ai?ioueao c oe??th ?ioaeoe??th
aeineoue aaaeei oiio, ui ?ioaeoe?eiee ?eiio?aoa?o, ye eiai ?ani??aoi?ia
oae ? aai?oaeueia oi?ie, o /enoiio aeaeyae? iaeaea ia cono??/a?oueny, a
/ano?oa i?iyaey?oueny ye ci?oaia ?ioaeoe?y. Iaea?eueo iioe?ai?
anioe?aoe?? a??ono ??O-IAA c oeai?ae?yie /?.A. Aiae???a, I.I. Ooen,
1980 / ? c i?eiieaciaie / I.I. Ooen c ni?aaao., 1988, 1989 /.

Iayai?noue oeeo anioe?aoe?e coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee
a?eueo oi/ieo ? aeineiiaeeo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee, a oaeiae ci?ith?
i?aeoiaee ye aei iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy, oae ? aei iaoiae?a niaoeeo?/ii?
i?io?eaeoeee oe??? oai?iae /Ae.I.Eociaoeia, I.I. Ooen c ni?aaao., 1989
/.

Ae?oaei aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii, yeee ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe, ? oa, ui o
aaaaoueio oaa?ei, a oiio /ene? ? o aei?ineeo, aeineoue /anoi
niinoa??aa?oueny noai ?ioiiiai aeao?oeeoo, a oea icia/a?, ui iaa?oue ia
aaaaeaiiy ye?nii? aaeoeeie ?ioiia nenoaia oaa?eie iani?iiiaeia aeaoe
aaeaeaaoio a?aeiia?aeue /I.Ae. I?eaeeaaeei,1991/.

A?aoiaoth/e iacaai? oaeoi?e ie ae?eoee aeniiaeo i?i oa, ui
iio??aai a?eueo aeineiiaeee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy oe??? oai?iae c
o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeaeo i?e?iaieo anioe?aoe?e, a oaeiae iaiao?aeiino?
oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie ?ioiiei?aeoe?? ? ooi/iaiiy caoiae?a c
e?ea?aeaoe?? ? i?io?eaeoeee oe??? oai?iae o ei??a ? oaeeoeue.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. A?aoiaoth/e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?
iaaeinoaoi? aea/aiiy cacia/aii? i?iaeaie, ie ia?aee ca iaoo : c’ynoaaoe
?icii?anthaeaeaiiy; ao?ieia?/io no?oeoo?o caoaeiee?a; ee?i?/iee i?iya;
iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao ai?ciioe/iiai i?ioeano i?e ii?ooaii?
?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? ?ioaeoe?eii? ao?ieia?? o ei??a ? oaeeoeue ia
iiei/ii-oiaa?ieo oa?iao ainiiaea?noa i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie; oaeineiiaeeoe
?nioth/? iaoiaee oa?ai?? ? nenoaio i?ioeai?ciioe/ieo caoiae?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee aecia/ai? oae? caaaeaiiy :

— c’ynoaaoe ?iciianthaeaeai?noue ? iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai i?iyao
ii?ooaiue ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? o ei??a ? oaeeoeue ia
iiei/ii-oiaa?ieo oa?iao ainiiaea?noa i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie;

— anoaiiaeoe ao?ieia?/io no?oeoo?o caoaeiee?a oa ni?eyoeea? oaeoi?e,
ye? ni?e/eiythoue ii?ooaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? o ei??a ?
oaeeoeue;

— oaeineiiaeeoe ?nioth/? iaoiaee oa?ai?? ei??a ? oaeeoeue i?e
ii?ooaii? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? ?ioaeoe?eii? ao?ieia?? c
o?aooaaiiyi ciiaeueieo iniaeeainoae ?o ia?aa?ao ;

— aea/eoe iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy i?noeaaiai ?ioi?oaoo ca aeiiiiiaith
aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo ? ?ioiinoeioeyoi??a ? aecia/eoe aeaye? iieacieee
?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oaa?ei;

aaeineiiaeeoe nenoaio i?ioeai?ciioe/ieo caoiae?a i?e caoai?thaaiiyo, ye?
noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aoeueaiaaa?i?oaie o ei??a ? oaeeoeue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie anoaiiaeaia ao?ieia?/ia
no?oe- oo?a caoaeiee?a, ye? ni?e/eiythoue ii?ooaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii?
ooieoe?? o ei??a ? oaeeoeue; aea/aia ai?ciioe/ia neooaoe?y c
?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue, ye? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aeacaiith
iaoieia??th; cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a ?ioi?caoe?? oai?eo oaa?ei c
canoinoaaiiyi aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo ? ?ioiinoeioeyoi?a; aaeineiiaeaii
nenoaio i?ioeai?ciioe/ieo caoiae?a.

Aecia/ai? aeaye? iieacieee ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio
ei??a ? oaeeoeue, oai?eo ia ??O-IIA oa ?o ci?ie i?e canoinoaaii?
aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo, ?ioiinoeioeyoi?a, i?aia?ao?a eiaeinie ?
iai-aaa?iaeue a oiiaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?eoe ciaiiy c ieoaiue ao?ieia?? ii?ooaiiy
?ai?iaeoeoea- ii? ooieoe?? o ei??a ? oaeeoeue a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy
Oe?a?ie. Iaaaaeai? a ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?eoe oyaeaiiy i?i noai ?ioiii?
nenoaie i?e caoai?thaaii? ia ??O-IAA, iiaeeaeoe ciaiiy c ieoaiue
?icaeoeo ? ia?aa?ao ai?ciioe/iiai i?ioeano, canoinoaaiiy aaeoeeiiiai
i?aia?aoo oa ?ioiinoeioeyoi?a ? e?eoaaeueieo cania?a i?e oe?e iaoieia??.

Ai?ea canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo cania?a i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy
oaa?ei i?e aai?oaeuei?e oi?i? ??O-IAA, aeanoue ciiao i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue
io?eiaiiy i?eieiaeo a?ae ei??a ? oaeeoeue a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy
Oe?a?ie.

Iaaaaeai? a ?iaio? iaoa??aee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? aaoa?eia?ieo ? ciioaoi?/ieo
oao?aoe?a i?ae /an aea/aiiy ?ioaeoe?eieo oai?ia, ye? no?eiothoue
a?aeoai?aiiy noaaea.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a naiino?eiiio i?iaaaeaii?
iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeeo aenia?eiaio?a, aiae?oe/ii? ?iaioe, ?ic?iaee oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai “ Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c
ae?aaiinoeee, i?io?eae- oeee oa e?ea?aeaoe?? aai?oaeueii? oi?ie
?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a ainiiaea?noaao
i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie ”.

Iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyony ia caoeno:

1.Ee?i?ei-ai?ciioieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ao?ieia?? ? iniaeeainoae
ai?ciioe/iiai i?ioeano i?e iaoieia?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a ei??a ?
oaeeoeue ia iiei/ii-oiaa?ieo oa?iao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie.

2.Nenoaia caoiae?a c i?io?eaeoeee ? e?ea?aeaoe?? aai?oaeueii? oi?ie
?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae.

Ai?iaaoe?y, ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue, iaaiai?thaaeenue ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia
ca?oieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ?
ani??aio?a Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo
a 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998 ?.?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii a 4-o
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 168 noi?.
iaoeiiieniiai oaeno ? ai?uo? : anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??aee oa
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o ocaaaeueiaiiy,
aeniiaee ? i?aeoe/i? i?iiiceoe??. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/aa 297 iaeiaioaaiue, a oiio /ene? 144 ?iicaiieo.
?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 20 oaaeeoeyie oa 6 ?enoieaie.

AEANI? AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeiioaaeeny
i?ioyaii 1991-1998 ?.?. ia eaoaae?? ai?ciioieia?? ? i?e?ia?ieia???
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo, a
ainiiaea?noaao Iaeanueei?, Ieeiea?anueei? ? Oa?niinueei? iaeanoae.
Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiue aoee ei?iae ? oaeeoe? ia?oaaeueiiai a?eo
/a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee c ii?ooaiiyie ooieoe?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo
i?aai?a.

Aea/aiiy ?iniianthaeaeaiiy ? ee?i?/iiai i?iyao iaoieia??
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a o ei??a ? oaeeoeue i?iaiaeeee ca noaoenoe/ieie
iaoa??aeaie Oi?aae?iue aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?e
Iaeanueei?, Ieeiea?anueei? ? Oa?niinueei? iaeanoae / ia?iaeaii aeai? ii
2444 oen. ei??a /, ca ?acoeueoaoaie eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia
?ioaeoe?ei? caoai?thaaiiy iaoa??ae?a, ye? aoee io?eiai? a?ae oaa?ei
??cieo ainiiaea?noa iacaaieo iaeanoae.

Ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaa?ei an?o a?eiaeo a?oi aeeiioaaee a
iai?yieo aeyaeaiiy oa?aeoa?ieo iciae iaoieia?? noaoaaeo i?aai?a, aeey
/iai i?iaiaeeee ?aoaeueiee ee?i?/iee iaeyae oai?eo, caa?oaee iniaeeao
oaaao ia iayai?noue oa?aeoa?ieo ci?i a noaoaaeo i?aaiao iaie?aeieo
oaa?ei. Ia?aeaeueii i?iaiaeeee iaeueiaoe?th noaoaaeo i?aai?a iaie?aeieo
ei??a /a?ac i?yio eeoeo c iaoith aecia/aiiy noaio iaoee ? y?/iee?a /
A.A. Ca???aa, N.I Oiiei, 1976 /. Ia’?eoeai? aeai? i?iaaaeaieo ee?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioieiethaaee, a iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i? ee?i?/i? iciaee
oioia?aooaaee. Ca ia??iae aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?iaaaeaii
ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy 2824 ei??a ? oaeeoeue ia iiei/ii-oiaa?ieo oa?iao
ainiiaea?noa i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie, c ieo caeo/aii aei aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue 410.

C iaoith c’ynoaaiiy ?ie? ?ioaeoe?eieo aaaio?a a iaoieia??
?ai?iaeoeoea ieo i?aai?a i?iaiaeeee eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeaiei ?
??aeei, io?eiaieo a?ae oai?eo ei??a ? oaeeoeue c oa?aeoa?ieie ee?i?/ieie
iciaeaie iaoieia?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a. C oe??th iaoith a?ae oai?eo
oaa?ei io?eioaaee i?iae ne?iaaoee e?ia? ( 275 ), aenoaeao c? noaoaaeo
i?aai?a ( 61 ); c?neiae c? neeciaeo iaieiiie ( 36 ), a o ?ac? aai?o?a —
aei eaai?aoi??e aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie iai?aaeyee aai?oiaai? ieiaee ?
e?ia a?ae oaa?ei-aai?oe/ie ( 21 ). Io?eiai? iaoa??aee iai?aaeyee aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy aei iaeanieo aea?aeaaieo eaai?aoi??e aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie a?aeiia?aeii Iaeanueei?, Ieeiea?anueei? ? Oa?niinueei?
iaeanoae, a oaeiae aei ?AEAI OAAI.

Io?eiai? iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeoaaee : c iaoith ae?aaiinoeee
?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo-ionooeueiciiai aoeueaiaaa?i?oo ca iaoiaeii
ia?ieo i?ia ne?iaaoie e?ia? (?.A. Aiae???a, I.I. *a/ioeeia, I.I. Ooen ?
ni?aaao, 1990), ae?aaiinoeeo a??onii? ae?a?a? aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae ? ia?aa?eio — 3, i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith, aeeeaaeaiith a
“Iaoiaee/aneeo oeacaieyo ii eaai?aoi?iie aeeaaiinoeea ae?oniuo
?anie?aoi?ii-eeoa/iuo eioaeoeee e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa” (1978);
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia oeai?ae?ic i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii “ Ianoaiiae c
eaai?aoi?ii? ae?aaiinoeee oeai?ae?ico o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oaa?ei”, (1995); ia eaioini??ic ca?aeii c “Ianoaiiaith c eaai?aoi?ii?
ae?aaiinoeee eaioini??ico” (1996); ia i?eiieaciic — ca iaoiaeeeith“
Aaieoaeueiue ieeiieaciic e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa e ia?u ai?ueau n iei”(
1982 ).

Iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao ai?ciioe/iiai i?ioeano aecia/aee a iii?ieo
ainiiaea?noaao ca iaoiaeeeith ?.I. Aaeoeiaa ( 1982 ).

Aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a ao?io?iiii? oa?ai?? oaa?ei c o?aaeaiiyi
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a ?ioaeoe?eii? ao?ieia?? ( ??O-IAA ) aea/aee i?ae
/an i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeeo aenia?eiaio?a, aeey /iai
aeei?enoiaoaaee aa?icieuei? i?aia?aoe eiaeinie ? iai-aaa?iaeue. Aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo aoei a?ae?a?aii 40 ei??a a?eii 3-5 ?ie?a, /a?aiii?
noaiiai? ii?iaee, o yeeo niinoa??aaee ee?i?/i? iciaee, oa?aeoa?i? aeey
oai?ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a ?ioaeoe?eii? ao?ieia??. An?o oaa?ei
iiae?eeee ia /ioe?e a?oie ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a ii 10 ei??a a eiaei?e.

Ei?iaai ia?oi? aeine?aeii? a?oie c e?eoaaeueiith iaoith
canoiniaoaaee i?aia?ao eiaeinie a aeic? 50,0 ie, iaeii?aciai, oeyoii
aaaaeaiiy ia neeciao iaieiieo i?oae ca aeiiiiiaith iaeii?aciaiai
eaoaoa?a.

Ei?iaai ae?oai? a?oie, e??i eiaeinieo, yeee canoiniaoaaee ca
oaeith ae iaoiaeeeith, ye ? ei?iaai ia?oi? a?oie, aaiaeeee
?ioiiiiaeoeyoi? o?iiaai, aioo??oiueii’yciai, aea?/?, c ?ioa?aaeii o 7
aei?a, ii 2,0 ie ia iaeio ?i’?eoe?th.

I?aeaeine?aeiei oaa?eiai o?aouei? a?oie ia neeciao iaieiieo i?oae
iaiineee aa?icieueiee i?aia?ao iai-aaa?iaeue a aeic? 25,0 ie
iaeii?aciai.

Ei?iaai /aoaa?oi? a?oie e??i iai-aaa?iaeth, yeee canoiniaoaaee ca
oaeith aea iaoiaeeeith, ye ? ei?iaai o?aouei? a?oie, aaiaeeee
?ioiiiiaeoeyoi? o?iiaai a aeic? 2,0 ie aioo??oiueii’yciai, aea?/? c
?ioa?aaeii o 7 aei?a.

Ia /aoaa?oo aeiao i?ney canoinoaaiiy aa?icieueieo i?aia?ao?a,
oaa?eiai an?o /ioe?ueio a?oi o ii?iaeieio i?oae aaiaeeee ii 50,0 ie
a?oai?i?ciaaii? ie??.

I?ioyaii 120 aei?a c ii/aoeo i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo ca oaa?eiaie
aeine?aeieo a?oi aaee niinoa?aaeaiiy ? aea/aee ia?aa?a caiaeueiiai
i?ioeano ia neeciaeo iaieiieao oeyoii uiaeiaiaiai ?o iaeyaeo, aeyaeyee
noaae?th caoaeaeaiiy noaoaaiai oeeeeo ? aecia/aee ?? iiaiioe?iiinoue.
I?ae /an i?iyao iiaiioe?iieo noaoaaeo oeeee?a i?iaiaeeee ooo/ia
in?iai?iiy ei??a an?o a?oi oea?a?eaeueiei iaoiaeii c ?aeoaeueiith
o?enaoe??th oeeee iaoee ? aeei?enoiaoaaee a?aeoayio nia?io iaeiiai
aoaay-ie?aeieea, yeo caa??aaee a ne?aieaiiio acio?. Ca 80 aei?a i?ney
i?eieiaiiy niinoa?aaeaiue ca oaa?eiaie aeine?aeieo a?oi i?iaiaeeee
?aeoaeueio iaeueiaoe?th noaoaaeo i?aai?a c iaoith i?aeaa?aeaeaiiy
aaa?oiino? aai ae?aaiinoeee oi?i iaie?aeiino?.

Aeey aea/aiiy ?ioi?coth/i? ae?? aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo ??O-?G, ye
i?e naiino?eiiio canoinoaaii?, oae ? a niieo/aii? c o?iiaaiii, aoei
i?iaaaeaii iaoeiai-ae?iaie/ee aeine?ae ia 90 ei?iaao /a?aiii? noaiii?
ii?iaee a?eii 3-3,5 ?iee, yeeo a?ae?a?aee ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a c
o?aooaaiiyi o?c?ieia?/iiai noaio, iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? ee?i?/iiai
i?iyao caoai?thaaiiy. Oaa?eie aoee iiae?eai? ia o?e a?oie ii 30 ei??a a
eiaei?e. Ia?oa a?oia aoea eiio?ieueiith ? oaa?eiai oe??? a?oie i?aia?ao
ia canoiniaoaaee, a eeoa niinoa??aaee ca ee?i?/iei ia?aa?aii
caoai?thaaiiy ? eiio?iethaaee oeo?e aioeo?e i?ioe a??ono ??O o
ne?iaaooe? e?ia?.

Ei?iaai ae?oai? a?oie canoiniaoaaee ?ioi?coth/ee i?aia?ao ??O-IG,
yeee aaiaeeee o i?oao a aeic? 2,0 ie ca aeiiiiiaith eaoaoa?a aeey
?aeoioea?a?eaeueiiai in?iai?iiy ei??a, aeio?eioth/enue aeiia anaioeee.
?ioi?coth/ee i?aia?ao aaiaeeee aea?/? c ?ioa?aaeii 14 aei?a.

Ei?iaai o?aouei? a?oie ?ioi?coth/ee i?aia?ao ??O-IG aaiaeeee oei
aea oeyoii, c oeie ae ?ioa?aaeaie ? a o?e aea aeic?, ui ? ei?iaai
ae?oai? a?oie, a oaeiae canoiniaoaaee o?iiaai, yeee aaiaeeee
aeaio?aciai, ii 2,0 ie, aioo??oiueii’yciai c ?ioa?aaeii 14 aei?a.

Ei?iae an?o o?ueio a?oi ciaoiaeeeeny a iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao
oo?eiaiiy, aiae?ae? ? aenieoaoaoe?? i?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy aeacaieo i?aia?ao?a eiio?iethaaee
oeyoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ne?iaaoee e?ia? ca aeiiiiiaith e?euee?nii?
?aaeoe?? aaethoeiaoe?? ( E?A ) c canoinoaaiiyi aioeaaio ??O Balf.

Ne?iaaoeo e?ia? a?ae oaa?ei an?o o?ueio a?oi ( ii 10 ei??a a
eiaei?e ) io?eioaaee a ?aieia? aiaeeie aei aiae?ae? ? aeine?aeaeoaaee
aei canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a, a oaeiae ia 14 — e, 28-e, 42-e ? 56-e aei?
i?ney ae?oai? aaeoeeiaoe??.

E?A noaaeee a i?e?ioeo?aoi?? Oaea/?. Aeine?aeaeoaai? ne?iaaoee
?iaeoeaoaaee i?e 560 N i?ioyaii 30 oaeeei ? ?icaaaeyee o?c?ieia?/iei
?ic/eiii iao??y oei??aeo ( ?I 7,0 — 7,2 ) a?ae 1 : 2 aei 1 : 4096 a
ia’?i? 0,025 ie. Aei aeine?aeaeoaaieo ne?iaaoie aeiaeaaaee 0,025 ie
aioeaaio IPT- Balf, iaa?aaeii no?oooaaee ? aeo?eioaaee i?e oaiia?aoo?? +
370 N i?ioyaii 2 aiaeei a oa?iinoao?, a iio?i i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo??
i?ioyaii 12 aiaeei. Eiio?ieai neoaeeee niaoeeo?/ia ne?iaaoea e?ia?
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae aei ??O c oeo?ii ia aeua 1 : 128 ? oaoaeueia
ne?iaaoea e?ia? oaeyo, yea ia i?noeoue aioeo?e. Eiio?ieue ia
naiiaaethoeiaoe?th ne?iaaoee e?ia? noaaeee c o?c?ieia?/iei ?ic/eiii
iao??y oei?eaeo.

Iae?e ?aaeoe?? i?iaiaeeee /a?ac 20-22 aiaeeie. Ca oeo? E?A
i?eeiaee iaea?eueoa ?icaaaeaiiy ne?iaaoee, yea aeaaaei /?oeo
aaethoeiaoe?th. Iiceoeaia ?aaeoe?y oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany iiyaith ia aei?
eoiee inaaeo o aeaeyae? ia?anieueee c ??aiei aai coa/anoei e?a?i.
Iaaaoeaia ?aaeoe?y oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany iiyaith ia aei? eoiee inaaeo o
aeaeyae? iaeaiueeiai aoaeceea aai eiea c ??aiei e?a?i. ?acoeueoaoe E?A c
aeine?aeaeoaaieie ne?iaaoeaie ioe?ithaaee ye iiceoeai? c oeo?ii ia
ieae/a ye 1 : 8 ? iaaaoeai? c oeo?ii ia aeua ye 1: 4.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeyee c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoiae?a aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee ia i?ia?aiiaaieo eaeueeoeyoi?ao
“Aeaeo?ii?ea ” IE — 61.

Aecia/aee na?aaeith a?eoiaoe/io ( I ), noaoenoe/io iiieeeo
na?aaeiuei? a?eoiaoe/ii? ( m ), a??ia?aei?noue ??cieoe? i?ae na?aaei?ie
a?eoiaoe/ieie aeaio aa??aoe?eieo ?yae?a ca e?eoa???i a??ia?aeiino? ( ?
), ei?enooaaeeny oaaeeoeyie Nothaeaioa ( 1966 ).

C iaoith aea/aiiy aeayeeo iieaciee?a ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino?
i?aai?cio ei??a, oai?eo ia ??O — IAA i?e niieo/aiiiio canoinoaaii?
aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo ? ?ioiinoeioeyoi?a aoei i?iaaaeaii iaoeiai
ainiiaea?nueeee aeine?ae ia 25 ei?iaao, yeeo iiae?eeee ia 5 a?oi ii 5
ei??a a eiaei?e.

Ei?iae ia?oi? a?oie neoaeeee eiio?ieai, oeei oaa?eiai i?ye?
i?aia?aoe ia canoiniaoaaee, a eeoa aaee niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ia?aa?aii
iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia neeciaeo iaieiieao noaoaaeo i?aai?a.

Ei?iaai ae?oai? a?oie canoiniaoaaee ?ioiinoeioeyoi? o?iiaai,
aioo??oiueii’yciai, a aeic? 2,0 ie, yeee aaiaeeee ia ia?oee ? 14- ee
aeaiue a?ae ii/aoeo i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo.

Oaa?eiai o?aouei? a?oie canoiniaoaaee aaeoeeiiee i?aia?ao ??O
-?G, yeee ?inoeethaaee ia neeciao iaieiieo i?oae a aeic? 2,0 ie aea?/?
ia ? — ee ? 14 — ee aei? aeine?aeo.

Ei?iaai /aoaa?oi? a?oie canoiniaoaaee ?ioiinoeioeyoi? o?iiaai a
aeic? 2,0 ie, aioo??oiueii’yciai ? aaeoeeiiee i?aia?ao ??O-IG, yeee
?inoeethaaee ia neeciao iaieiieo i?oae a aeic? 2,0 ie. I?aia?aoe
aaiaeeee a?aeiia?aeieie oeyoaie ia 1- ee ? 14- ee aei? aeine?aeo.

Ei?iaai i’yoi? a?oie canoiniaoaaee o?iiaai ? aaeoeeiiee i?aia?ao
ca noaiith /aoaa?oi? a?oie, a oaeiae ca o?e aei? aei canoinoaaiiy
i?aia?ao?a aeei?enoiaoaaee aa?icieueiee i?aia?ao iai-aaa?iaeue a aeic?
25,0 ie, yeee ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueiiai eaoaoa?a iaiineee ia neeciao
iaieiieo i?oae.

I?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaee aaeoeeiiee
i?aia?ao ??O-IG na??y 8, aea?aeeiio?ieue ? 8, oa?i?i i?eaeaoiino? 12
i?n., yeee ?inoeethaaee ia neeciao iaieiieo i?oae ca aeiiiiiaith
iaeii?aciaiai oi?eoey ? eaoaoa?a aeey ?aeoioea?a?eaeueiiai in?iai?iiy
ei??a.

I?ioyaii aeine?aeo o oaa?ei an?o a?oi aecia/aee oae? iieacieee :
caaaeueia e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a a e?ia? — ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith
iaoiaeeeith; a?aenioie O- oa A-e?ioioeeo?a, ye? anooieee a ?aaeoe?th
?icaoeiooai?aiiy ? iieaciee Ae-oaaioeeoico iaeo?io?e?a. Aeacai?
iieacieee aecia/aee a e?ia? ei??a a ia?oee aeaiue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo,
a oaeiae ia 14-e, 28-e, 42-e, 56-e ? 70-e aei?. Iaoa??aeii aeey
aecia/aiiy iacaaieo iieaciee?a neoaeeee i?iae e?ia? ei??a eiio?ieueii? ?
aeine?aeieo a?oi, ye? io?eioaaee ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith.

E?euee?noue O- oa A-e?ioioeeo?a aecia/aee ca iaoiaeeeith E.I.
Eaaaae?aa ? ?.Ae. Iiiye?ii? (1990), aeey /iai 0,03 — 0,04 ie e?ia?
aiineee aei i?ia??ee c 1,8 ie aeenoeeueiaaii? aiaee, ?aoaeueii
ia?ai?ooaaee, aeiaeaaaee 0,2 ie ?ic/eio Oaiena, ci?ooaaee ?
oeaio?eooaoaaee 5 oaeeei (600 ia/oa.) Iaaeinaaeiao ??aeeio ceeaaee. Aei
inaaeo aeiaeaaaee 0,3 ie o?c?ieia?/iiai ?ic/eio, ?aoaeueii ia?ai?ooaaee,
ii 2 e?aie? io?eiaii? noniaic?? eaeeioeeo?a ia?aii- neee aei eoii/ie
iaeaiueeiai ieaioaoa. A ia?oo eoii/eo aeiaeaaaee 2 e?aie? caaen?
a?eo?ioeeo?a aa?aia, a ae?oao — 2 e?aie? caaen? a?eo?ioeeo?a ieo?, a
o?aoth — 2 e?aie? noniaic?? ee?oei iaea?nueeeo ae??aeaeae?a. Ieaioaoe c
ai?noeiei oeaio?eooaoaaee 5 oa. ( 200 ia/oa.) ? aeo?eioaaee a
oieiaeeeueieeo ( +2 — 40 N) 30 oa. Aei eiaeii? eoiee aiineee ii 1 e?aie?
o?enaoi?a, aeo?eioaaee 5 oa. i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo??, iaaeinaaeiao
??aeeio aeaeaeyee iaeii/anii ?ioaineaiei no?oooaaiiyi. Aei ia?oi? eoiee
( c a?e- o?ioeeoaie aa?aia) ? aei ae?oai? eoiee ( c a?eo?ioeeoaie ieo?
) aeiaeaaaee ii 0,02 ie aeenoeeueiaaii? aiaee, a aei o?aouei? ( c
ae??aeaeaeaie ) no?eueee ae oa?ae ( iaoeeaiiaee caeaiee — i??ii?i).
Inaae c eiaeii? eoiee ia?aiineee ia i?aaeiaoia neei, aenoooaaee ?
oa?aoaaee ca ?iiaiianueeei-A?ica ( 1 :10 ) 12 oa. I?aaeiaoi? no?eea c
ae??aeaeaeaie i?inoi aenoooaaee.

Aeey ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee i?ae?aooiie e?eueeino?
?icaoeiooai?th- th/eo e?ioioeeo?a ? iao?io?e?a ia 50 ee?oei, aai
e?eueeino? oaaioeeooth/eo iaeo?io?e?a ia 50 iaeo?io?e?a c canoinoaaiiyi
ia’?eoea?a o 20 aai o 40. Ca ?icaoeiooai?thth/o aaaaeaee ee?oeio, aei
yei? i?ee??ieeiny 3 aai a?eueoa a?eo?ioeeo?a. Ca oaaioeeooth/ee aaaaeaee
iaeo?io?e, yeee iiaeeioa iaeio aai a?eueoa /anoi/ie. Aecia/aee a?aenioie
?icaoeiooai?thth/eo oa oaaioeeooth/eo ee?oei.

Niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue oaeiae iaaaaeai? o
a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?eao.

Aeey ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
i?ioeai?ciioe/ieo caoiae?a i?e iaoieia?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a o ei??a
? oaeeoeue, ca iniiao aoei acyoi “ Eino?oeoeeth i ia?ii?eyoeyo ii
i?ioeeaeoeea e eeeaeaeaoeee caaieaaaiey e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa
eioaeoeeiiiui ?eiio?aoaeoii — ionooe?ciui aoeueaiaaaeieoii”.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

?iciianthaeaeaiiy ? iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai i?iyao iaoieia??
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a o ei??a ? oaeeoeue.

Aea/ath/e noai a?aeoai?aiiy iiaie?a’y aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a
ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie (Ieeiea?anueea, Iaeanueea ? Oa?niinueea
iaeano?) iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioyaii aeine?aeaeoaaiiiai ia??iaeo (
1993 — 1995 ??) iaaoaa? noaeino? oaiaeaoe?y ciaioaiiy iiaie?a’y ei??a ia
7,9; 7,4; 14 % ii iaeanoyo a?aeiia?aeii. Iieacieee io?eiaiiy oaeyo ia
100 ei??a ca 1993 — 1995 ?iee eieeaaeenue a iaaeao 68,9 — 81,9%, oiaoi
caeeoaeenue iaie?aeieie 18,1 — 21,1 % ei??a ui??/ii. E?euee?noue ei??a,
caie?aeiaieo i?ney ioaeaiiy i?ioyaii 30 aei?a ii an?o iaeanoyo
neeaaeaea — 8,0 — 11,0 %; aei 60-oe aei?a — 36,0 — 52,2 %; aei
90 aei?a — 18,0 — 30,6 % ? a?eueoa ye 90 aei?a — 17,0 — 20,0%. Oea
a?aeiia?aea? na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iei aeaiei caie?aeiaiiy ei??a ? oaeeoeue
a Oe?a?i?.

O?eaae?noue iaie?aeiino? ei??a o 1993 — 1995 ?ieao ii
Ieeiea?anuee?e iaeano? neeaaeaea 162 -195 aei?a; ii Iaeanuee?e iaeano?
aiia noaiiaeea 205 — 240 aei?a ? aoea iaeaeuith. A Oa?niinuee?e iaeano?
o?eaae?noue iaie?aeiino? ei??a ? oaeeoeue neeaaeaea 165 — 185 aei?a ?
aoea iaeiaioith na?aae o?ueio iaeanoae. ?iaeaen in?iai?iiy ii an?o
iaeanoyo o?eiaany a iaaeao 2,36 — 2,88.

Aiae?coth/e i?e/eie iaie?aeiino? ei??a ii ainiiaea?noaao
Ieeiea?anueei? iaeano? ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ae?iaioa?i? oaeoi?e aeeeeeaee
iaie?aei?noue o 36,0 -38,0% ei??a; iaca?aci? caoai?thaaiiy aoee
i?e/eiith iaie?aeiino? o 48,6 — 51,0% ei??a; ii?ooaiiy i?aaee ooo/iiai
in?iai?iiy aeeeeeaee iaie?aei?noue o 12,5 — 13,4% ei??a.

A ainiiaea?noaao Iaeanueei? iaeano? ae?iaioa?i? oaeoi?e aoee
i?e/eiith iaie?aeiino? o 48,2 — 62,8 % ei??a; iaca?aci? caoai?thaaiiy
noaee i?e/eiith iaie?aeiino? o 30,5 — 47,7% ei??a; ii?ooaiiy i?aaee
ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy ni?e/eiyee iaie?aei?noue o 4,1 — 6,7 % ei??a.

A ainiiaea?noaao Oa?niinueei? iaeano? iieacieee iaca?acieo
caoai?thaaiue ? ae?iaioa?ieo i?e/ei iaie?aeiino? eieeaaeeny a iaeiaeiaeo
iaaeao ? aoee ia ??ai? 35,8 -48,6%; ii?ooaiiy i?aaee ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy
aeeeeeaee iaie?aei?noue o 11,5 — 16,5 % ei??a.

Aiae?c noaoenoe/ieo iaoa??ae?a ii eiaei?e c iaeanoae i?aaeiy
Oe?a?ie aeaco? ia a?aenooi?noue iaie?aeiino? ?ioaeoe?eii? i?e?iaee c /ei
iaiiaeeeai, a iiai?e i???, iiaiaeeoenue, oae ye cia/ia e?euee?noue
aeiaaee?a ia?oaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo ? aai?oiaaieo ieiae?a caeeoa?oueny
iica eaai?aoi?ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie. Oae, o 1993 — 1995 ?ieao ii
Ieeiea?anuee?e iaeano? aeine?aeaeaii a eaai?aoi??yo aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie o?eueee 22,6 — 28,0% ia?oaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo ? 51,3 — 56,4%
aai?oiaaieo ieiae?a. Oe? iieacieee neeaaeaee a?aeiia?aeii : ii
Iaeanuee?e iaeano? — 37,4 — 39,9% ? 29,6 — 30,5%; ii Oa?niinuee?e
iaeano? — 32,4 — 37,4% ? 33,4 — 42,0%.

Ee?i?/i? ianoaaeaiiy iaie?aeieo ei??a ? oaeeoeue ??ciiai a?eo
a ie?aieo ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie aeaee iiaeeea?noue i?eionoeoe,
ui i?e/eiaie iaie?aeiino? oeeo oaa?ei iiaeooue aooe ?ioaeoe?ei? aaaioe.
Ee?i?/iei ianoaaeaiiyi i?aeeyaaee ia o?eueee iaie?aei? ei?iae ? oaeeoe?,
a oaeiae oaee/ee 3 aeaiiiai a?eo, 4-o, — 6 -oe, — 12-oe i?ny/iiai ?
ia?oaaeueiiai a?eo. Oe?eaaei ? oa, ui o 65 -78,0% oaee/ie 3 aeaiiiai
a?eo neeciaa iaieiiea i?oae aoea an?yia i?oo?oeaaeie aeneiaie
caaa?eueoee c i?inyia ca?ii. Aiie aoee ?icoaoiaai? iiiaeeiiei, a a?ey
ee?oi?a — a?oiaie ii 6-8 i?oo?oe?a. Oae? ae ci?ie ia neecia?e iaieiioe?
i?oae a?aei?/aee o oaee/ie 4-o i?ny/iiai a?eo.

O oaee/ie 6 — 12 i?ny/iiai a?eo niinoa??aaee, e??i iaaaaeaieo
aeua iciae, ? iciaee ai?eii-eaoa?aeueiiai caiaeaiiy neeciai? iaieiiee.
I?oo?oe? ceeaaeeny a nooe?euei? oyae?, ??aeeia a ieo aoea eaeaiooiith,
ia no?ieao i?oae niinoa??aaee ai?ei? iaoa?oaaiiy oa ae?eyiee iae?ico.

Ee?i?/ia ea?oeia o ei??a ? iaoae?a caaaeii ia a?ae??ciyeanue ?
eeoa iineethaaeanue cia/iith a?ia?ai??th neeciai? iaieiiee i?oae.
Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-a?iaeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a oe?eiio
ni?aiaaeathoue c e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie.

I?e/eie iaie?aeiino? ei??a, ?ieue ?ioaeoe?eieo aaaio?a a iaoieia??
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a ? iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao ai?ciioe/iiai i?ioeano.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy ?ioaeoe?eieo aaaio?a, ye? iiaee aooe i?e/eiith
o?aaeaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a, ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiue, aai?o?a
i?iaiaeeee niaoe?aeuei? aaeoa??ieia?/i?, i?eieia?/i?, a??onieia?/i?,
na?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Caoaeieee eeane/ieo ?ioaeoe?e noaoaaeo
oeyo?a, a naia a?ooeaeueico, eaii?eiaaeoa??ico, eaioini??ico,
o?eoiiiiico, aoee aeeeth/ai? ia i?aenoaa? ai?ciioieia?/ieo aeaieo ?
?acoeueoao?a eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo a ?aeiiieo ?
iaeanieo aea?aeaaieo eaai?aoi??yo aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie.

Aaeoa??ieia?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ciea?a oa aeo?e?a c i?oae
ei??a ? oaeeoeue oa nia?ie aoaa?a — ie?aeiee?a c ??cieo ainiiaea?noa
i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie aeae?eai? eoeueoo?e : Staphylococcus aureus; Escherichia
noli; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Candida albicans.

Aeae?eai? caoaeieee oi/ ? aoee aiaoiaaiieie, i?eieaeoaaoe ?o
?ieue a iaoieia?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a iaia? i?aenoaa. I?i oea
na?ae/aoue /enaeuei? e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea. A ia?oo /a?ao oea
noino?oueny Pseudomonas aeruginosa, ia iiaa?oi? yeiai iiaea
aaeni?aoaaoeny a??on ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo.

A iiaeaeueoiio iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ni?yiiaai? ia iiooee
?ioaeoe?eieo aaaio?a a??oniiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Ca aeiiiiiaith na?ieia?/ieo
?aaeoe?e ( ?IAA, ?AeI, E?A, ?AAA) a ?yae? ainiiaea?noa Ieeiea?anueei?
iaeano? o ei??a aeyaeaii niaoeeo?/i? aioeo?ea a ae?aaiinoe/iiio oeo??
aei a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo a 96, 6% aeiaaee?a; aei a??ono
ae?a?a? — oai?iae neeciaeo iaieiiie — a 36,6 40,0%; aei a??ono ia?aa?eio
— 3 — a 23,3 — 53,3%. O aeine?aeaeoaaieo ei??a ? iaoae?a c ainiiaea?noa
Iaeanueei? oa Oa?niinueei? iaeanoae aioeo?ea aei a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai
?eiio?aoa?oo aeyaeyeenue o 96, 6 — 100, 0 %. A??onieia?/ieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaia iayai?noue a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai
?eiio?aoa?oo — ionooeueiciiai aoeueaiaaa?i?oo a nia?i? aeaio aoaa?a-
ie?aeiee?a, ye? iaeaaeaee Iaeanueeiio iaeaniiio aea?aeieaiia’?aeiaiith.
Oea aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iniiaiith i?e/eiith iaie?aeiino?
ei??a ? oaeeoeue ?ioaeoe?eiiai iioiaeaeaiiy ia i?aaei? Oe?a?ie ? a??on
?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo — ionooeueiciiai aoeueaiaaa?i?oo. Ia?aa?a
?ioaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano, coiiaeaiiai oeei a??onii, oneeaaeiththoue :
a??on ae?a?a? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, Staphylococcus aureus,
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oiio ?
/enaeuei? e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea.

Iioae?eiaai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeayeeie aaoi?aie
noiniaii ia?aa?ao ai?ciioe/iiai i?ioeano aeacothoue ia oa, ui
caoai?thaaiiy oaeyo ia ??ci? oi?ie ??O-IAA ii/eia?oueny c 4-o i?ny/iiai
a?eo, oiaoi ii cae?i/aii? ae?? eieino?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo.

Oea, a oe?eiio, ni?aiaaea? c ?acoeueoaoaie iaoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aea o a?eiaeo a?oiao oaeyo a?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 4-o
i?nyoe?a iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui o 22,5% oaee/ie niinoa??aaeeny o?aaeaiiy
neeciai? iaieiiee i?oae oa?aeoa?i? aeey ??O-IAA. Oea iiaeeeai na?ae/eoue
i?i oa, ui ieiae ?io?eo?oueny a??onii ?eiio?aoa?oo caaeiaai aei naiai
ia?iaeaeaiiy aa?oeeaeueiei oeyoii. Iino?eia c?inoaiiy e?eueeino?
?io?eiaaieo oaeyo a a?oiao 4-6 i?nyoe?a — aei 30%; 6-12 i?nyoe?a — aei
70%; 12-16 i?nyoe?a — aei 85% aeaco? ia oa, ui a??on iino?eii
oee?eoeth? a noaaeao ? ia?aaea?oueny a?ae oaa?eie aei oaa?eie
ai?eciioaeueiei oeyoii. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aeuaneacaiiio ? c?inoaiiy
??aiy niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e o oaee/ie a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 56 aeiae
aeeooy, oiae? ye ??aaiue eieino?aeueieo aioeo?e, ii/eiath/e c 14 aeiae
aeeooy, iiaeiai iinooiiai iia?eueii niaaeaoe. ?aca?aoa?ii a??ono a
i?e?iae? neoaeaoue oaeiae aoaa?-ie?aeieee, yeeo ? ii ainiiaea?noaao
Iaeanueei? iaeano? aeecueei 800 aie?a.

Aoaeoeai?noue niieo/aiiiai canoinoaaiiy e?ea?nueeeo cania?a,
aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo oa ?ioiinoeioeyoi?a i?e iaoieia?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo
i?aai?a o ei??a ? oaeeoeue.

Aeey e?eoaaiiy oai?eo oaa?ei iaie aeei?enoiaoaaeenue no/ani?
i?aia?aoe : i?ienoee aa?icieue eiaeinie ae?iaieoeoaa *ao?? oa i?ienoee
aa?icieue iai-aaa?iaeue ae?iaieoeoaa ?niai??. ?o canoiniaoaaee
i?aeaeine?aeiei oaa?eiai ye ie?aii, oae ? a eiia?iaoe?? c
aioo??oiueii’yciaei aaaaeaiiyi ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?a o?iiaaia. O an?o oaa?ei
aeine?aeieo a?oi niinoa??aaee ee?i?/ia iaeoaeaiiy ia 12 -14-e aeaiue c
ii/aoeo i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo. Noai ee?i?/iiai iaeoaeaiiy aoa a?aeiinii
ei?ioei/aniei. O 100% ei??a iciaee aoeueaiaaa?i?oo a?aeiiaethaaeenue
i?ioyaii 90 aei?a ( no?ie niinoa?aaeaiue ). A aeine?aeieo a?oiao oaa?ei,
yeeo e?eoaaee aa?icieyie eiaeinieo ? iai-aaa?iaeth a niieo/aii? c
o?iiaaiii, iiiiaeaiiy ee?i?/ieo iciae aoeueaiaaa?i?oo a?aeaoaaeiny aeaui
iia?euei?oa.

Noaae?th caoaeaeaiiy noaoaaiai oeeeeo anoaiiaeaii o an?o
i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei. ?acii c oei oa?i?ie i?iyao noaae?? caoaeaeaiiy
noaoaaiai oeeeeo nooo?ai ??cieeenue. Oae, o ei??a ia?oi? aeine?aeii?
a?oie, yeeo e?eoaee eiaeinieii, a ia??iae aei 30-oe aei?a c ii/aoeo
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo noaae?y caoaeaeaiiy noaoaaiai oeeeeo a?aei?/aia o
3 ( 30,0% ) ei??a; a ia??iae c 31- ai ii 60-e aeaiue — ioioo
niinoa??aaee o 5 ( 50,0% ) ei??a; a ia??iae c 61 — ai ii 90 — e aeaiue
o 1 ( 10,0% )ei?iae ? a ia??iae a?eueoa ye 90 aei?a o 1 ( 10,0% )
ei?iae.

O ei??a ae?oai? aeine?aeii? a?oie, yeeo e?eoaaee eiaeinieii a
niieo/aii? c oeiiaaiii a ia??iae aei 30-oe aei?a c ii/aoeo i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeo noaae?y caoaeaeaiiy noaoaaiai oeeeeo a?aei?/aia o 4 ( 40,0% )
ei??a; a ia??iae c 31- ai ii 60-e aeaiue — o 2 ( 20,0% ) ei??a; a
ia??iae c 61 — ai ii 90 — e aeaiue o 3 (30,0% ) ei??a ? a ia??iae
a?eueoa ye 90 aei?a o 1 ( 10,0% ) ei?iae.

Noaae?y caoaeaeaiiy noaoaaiai oeeeeo o oaa?ei o?aouei?
aeine?aeii? a?oie, yeeo e?eoaaee iai-aaa?iaeai, a ia??iae aei 30-oe
aei?a c ii/aoeo i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo a?aei?/aia o 4 ( 40,0% ) ei??a; a
ia??iae c 31- ai ii 60-e aeaiue — o 3 ( 30,0% ) ei??a; c 61 — ai
ii 90 — e aeaiue o 2 ( 20,0% ) ei??a ? a ia??iae a?eueoa ye 90 aei?a o
1 ( 10,0% ) ei?iae.

O i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei /aoaa?oi? a?oie, yeeo e?eoaaee
iai-aaa?iaeai a niieo/aii? c o?iiaaiii, a ia??iae aei 30-oe aei?a c
ii/aoeo i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeo noaae?th caoaeaeaiiy noaoaaiai oeeeeo
i?iyaeee 2 ( 20,0% ) ei?iae; c 31- ai ii 60-e aeaiue — 6 ( 60,0% )
ei??a; c 61- ai ii 90-e aeaiue 1 (10,0% ) ei?iaa ? a ia??iae a?eueoa
ye 90 aei?a o 1 ( 10,0% ) ei?iaa.

Aiae?c i?e/ei iaie?aeiino? ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi i?ney
i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy iieacaa iayai?noue o ieo ee?i?/ieo iciae,
oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aai?oaeueii? oi?ie ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo. E??i
oiai o oeeo oaa?ei anoaiiaeaii ia?nenoaioi? aeiao? o?ea ? a?iiooieoe?th
y?/iee?a. Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui e?eoaaiiy
ei??a, oai?eo ia aai?oaeueio oi?io ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo eiaeinieii
? iai-aaa?iaeai, ye naiino?ii, oae ? a niieo/aii? c o?iiaaiii, ni?ey?
ei?ioei/aniiio ee?i?/iiio iaeoaeaiith, ?acii c oei oeueiai /ano
aeinoaoiuei aeey oiai uia i?iaanoe ooo/ia in?iai?iiy iaie?aeieo ei??a ?
io?eiaoe aeineoue aenieee a?aenioie caie?aeiaiiy. A?aenooi?noue iciae
aia??iiaeueii? nia?oiino? ? aai?o?a o oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi, yeeo aoei
caie?aeiaii, aeaco? ia iiaeeea?noue caoenoo ca?iaeea ? aia??iia a?ae
iaoiaaiiiai aieeao a??ona ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo.

C iaoith aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? niieo/aiiiai canoinoaaiiy
aaeoeei ? ?ioiinoeioeyoi??a i?e iaoieia?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a o
ei??a ? oaeeoeue iaie aeei?enoiaoaaany ?ioi?coth/ee i?aia?ao ??O — IG ,
neiino?oeiaaiee a ?inoeooo? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie OAAI ( i. Oa?uee?a). Oeae i?aia?ao aoei ia?aii aeey
ee?i?/iiai aei?iaoaaiiy ye iiaeeeaee can?a oi?ioaaiiy caaaeueiiai ?
i?noeaaiai (nae?aoi?iiai) ?ioi?oaoo neeciai? iaieiiee i?oae. I?i ?ieue
nae?aoi?iiai ?ioi?oaoo a ?ioaeoe?ei?e iaoieia?? iia?aeiiey?oueny a
aaaaoueio e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?aeao. ?ioi?coth/ee i?aia?ao ??O-?G
aeei?enoiaoaaany oeyoii aie?eaoe?? eiai aaciina?aaeiuei ia neeciao
iaieiieo i?oae, ye naiino?eii, oae ? a niieo/aii? c ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?ii
o?iiaaiii. ??aaiue niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e i?ney ?ioi?caoe?? eiio?iethaaee
ca aeiiiiiaith E?A c aioeaaiii ??O-Balf ia 14-e, 28-e, 42-e ? 56-e aei?.
?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui ?ioi?coth/ee
i?aia?ao ??O-?G noeioeth? i?e??no aoii?aeueieo aioeo?e ia 14 — 42 -e
aeaiue aeine?aeaeaiue c aeinoaoiuei aenieei nooiaiai a??ia?aeiino? (
?<0,001). I?ney niieo/aiiiai canoinoaaiiy ?ioi?coth/iai i?aia?aoo ? ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?a o?iiaaia noaae?th caoaeaeaiiy noaoaaiai oeeeeo i?iyaeee 93,3% i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a. A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oeae iieaciee neeaaeaa 20,0%. I?e naiino?eiiio canoinoaaii? ?ioi?coth/iai i?aia?aoo caie?aeieeenue 60,0% i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a. Iieaciee caie?aeiaiiy ei??a i?ney niieo/aiiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?coth/iai i?aia?aoo ? ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?a aoa ia 10 % aeuei ? neeaaeaa 70,0%. Oa?i?i iaie?aeiino? aaeoeeiiaaieo ei??a neeaaeaa 64 - 71,3 aei?, oiae? ye o iaaaeoeeiiaaieo oaa?ei ( eiio?ieue ) a?i aei??aithaae 96,7 aei?a. Ianoaaeaiiyi iaie?aeieo ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi i?ney canoinoaaiiy ?ioi?coth/iai i?aia?aoo a niieo/aii? c ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?ii o?iiaaiii aeyaeaii ee?i?/i? iciaee aai?oaeueii? oi?ie ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo o 22,2 - 30,0 % oaa?ei oa o 100,0% ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Ia?aeaeueii c aecia/aiiyi ?ioi?coth/iai aoaeoo aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo ??O - IG iaie a aeeiai?oe? aea/aeenue aeaye? iieacieee ?ioii- eia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio ei??a c iaoieia??th ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a ( e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a, iieacieee Ae-oaaioeeoico iaeo?io?e?a, ai?no O - ? A-e?ioioeeo?a). Oeeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui a ia??iaee ?ai?n?? oai?iae ?ioiiaeai?aneaiee aieea a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo i?iyaey?oueny cia/ieie eieeaaiiyie e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a, O- ? A- e?ioi- oeeo?a, iieacieea ??aiy Ae-oaaioeeoico iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? ?io?eiaaieo oaa?ei. Ae??oaeueiei oaeoi?ii a ai?iouea? c ?ioaeoe?eiei ?eiio?aoa?oii - ionooeueiciei aoeueaiaaa?i?oii ? nenoaia i?ioeai?ciioe/ieo caoiae?a, yea iiaeiia aooe ni?yiiaaia ia an? eaiee ai?ciioe/iiai i?ioeano. Oaea nenoaia aoea ?ic?iaeaia ua ca /an?a ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco ? a a?eueo?e i??? ?aaeaiaiooaaea caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia i?io?eaeoeeo ? ai?ioueao c ?ani??aoi?iith oi?iith ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo. Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui a no/anieo oiiaao ci?ieeanue nenoaia ? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ciaiueoeeanue eiioeaio?aoe?y iiaie?a’y, a?eueoiai iioe?aiiy iaaoea aai?oaeueia oi?ia oe??? oai?iae, aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeeoe ?nioth/o nenoaio caoiae?a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aaeineiiaeaii? nenoaie aeeeaaeai? a ?ic?iaeaieo iaie “ Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo c ae?aaiinoeee, i?io?eaeoeee oa e?ea?aeaoe?? aai?oaeueii? oi?ie ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie”. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai oeeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeaei iiaeeea?noue a?eueo aoaeoeaii i?iaiaeeoe i?io?eaeoeeo ? ai?ioueao c aai?oaeueiith oi?iith ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo. AENIIAEE Iaie?aei?noue ei??a ? oaeeoeue a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie ia? cia/ia iioe?aiiy ? i?ioyaii 1993-1995 ?ie?a eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao 18,1-20,1 %. Iniiaiith oi?iith iaie?aeiino? ei??a ? oaeeoeue ? neiioiiaoe/ia, yea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny nai???aeieie caiaeueieie i?ioeanaie ??cieo ae?eyiie noaoaaiai o?aeoo. Iania? ii?ooaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? o ei??a ? oaeeoeue a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie coiiaeai? iino?eiith oee?eoeyoe??th a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo - ionooeueiciiai aoeueaiaaa?i?oo a niieo/aii? c ?ioeie caoaeieeaie caoai?thaaiue neeciaeo iaieiiie ( a??on ae?a?a? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, ia?aa?eio -3 oa ?i.) aai a anioe?aoe?? c oiiaii-iaoiaaiith i?e?ioei?ith (Staphylococcus aureus; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Candida albicans), ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny /a?aoaaiiyi ia??iae?a a?aeiiniiai ee?i?/iiai iaeoaeaiiy ? ?aoeeaeea?a oai?iae. A ia??iaee ?ai?n?? oai?iae niinoa??aa?oueny ?ioiiaeai?aneaiee aieea a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eio?aoa?oo, ui i?iyaey?oueny cia/ieie eieeaaiiy- ie e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a, O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a, iieaciee?a ??aiy Ae-oaaioeeoico iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? ?io?eiaaieo oaa?ei. Ai?ciioe/iee i?ioean i?e aai?oaeuei?e oi?i? ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo i?aeo?eio?oueny iiaeeoo?aith ia?nenoaioe?th a??ono a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei iaaeaaiiieo/ieo noaae. Iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a??ono aei i?aai?cio oaa?ei ? iino?eiei ? cae?enith?oueny aeaiia oeyoaie : aa?oeeaeueiei, yeee caaacia/o?oueny aioo??oiueioo?iaiei ca?aaeaiiyi ? ai?eciioaeueiei. Aioo??oiueii?oaiaa canoinoaaiiy eiaeinieo, iai - aaa?iaeth, ye naiino?eii, oae ? a niieo/aii? c o?iiaaiii i?e e?eoaaii? ei??a, oai?eo ia aai?oaeueio oi?io ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo, caaacia/o? ei?ioei/ania ee?i?/ia iaeoaeaiiy, aea? iiaeeea?noue oei/aniai e?ea?aeoaaoe i?e/eie ae?a?aeiino? ia?iaiaioiiai oa?aeoa?o ? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeineoue aenieei a?aenioeii ( 40 - 60% ) caie?aeiaiiy oaa?ei. Aioo??oiueii?oaiaa canoinoaaiiy ?ioi?coth/iai i?aia?aoo ??O - IG naiino?eii ? a niieo/aii? c o?iiaaiii i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai i?e?inoo ??aiy niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iie?auaiiyi ee?i?/iiai noaio oai?eo oaa?ei, ciaiueoaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? i?iyao caiaeaiiy neeciaeo iaieiiie noaoaaeo i?aai?a. O?iiaai, ye ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?, caeaoai i?aeaeuoaaoe iecueeee, aai ii?iae?coaaoe iaaei??iee ?ioi?coth/ee aoaeo aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo ??O-IG. Nenoaia i?ioeai?ciioe/ieo caoiae?a i?e caoai?thaaii? ei??a ? oaeeoeue ia aai?oaeueio oi?io ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo aea? ciiao nai?/anii anoaiiaeoe ae?aaiic, aaeeoe iaiao?aei? i?ioeai?ciioe/i? caoiaee, caiia?aoe ?iciianthaeaeaiith a??ona ? cia/ii iiieceoe ??aaiue iaie?aeiino? ei??a ? oaeeoeue a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie. I?iiiceoe?? aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai. A ainiiaea?noaao an?o oi?i aeaniino?, iacaeaaeii a?ae iai?yieo e i?iaeoeoeaiino? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, i?e ca?eueoaii? a noaaeao e?eueeino? aai?o?a, ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiue, aaaaoi?aciaeo iai?iaeoeoeaieo in?iai?iue, iiyae iaaeeoo?caeaoiiai i?eieiaeo i?iaiaeeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ne?iaaoee e?ia? ca aeiiiiiaith e?euee?nii? ?aaeoe?? aaethoeiaoe?? ( E?A ) ia ?ioaeoe?eiee ?eiio?aoa?o - ionooeueiciee aoeueaiaaa?i?o, a oaeiae aea/aoe iieacieee noaio ?ioiii? nenoaie. O ?ac? i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ae?aaiico ia aai?oaeueiiio oi?io ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo i?iaiaeeoe caoiaee aeeeaaeai? a “ Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo c ae?aaiinoeee, i?io?eaeoeee ? e?ea?aeaoe?? aai?oaeueii? oi?ie ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie”, ye? ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy Eieaa??th Oi?aae?iiy aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie Iaeanueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ii oai? aeena?oaoe??. Aoiaiiee I.A., Aoaianue A.A. ?ani?ino?aiaiea ionooe?ciiai aoeueaiaaieieoa n?aaee o?eie a iaeioi?uo oicyenoaao thaa Oe?aeiu//Enneaaeiaaiey a iaeanoe aaoa?eia?ee/ iaoa?eaeu iaaeaocianeie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee 5-7 ai?aey 1994 aiaea, a. Iaeanna/ E.- 1994. -N.8. Aoiaiiee I.A. Aa?icie? eiaeinieo ? iai-aaa?iaeth i?e ?ioaeoe?eiiio ?eiio?aoa?o?-ionooeueiciiio aoeueaiaaa?i?o? naiie aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae // Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie. - 1998. - ? 3.- N.16. Aoiaiee I.A. ?ioi?coth/ee i?aia?ao ??O- IG oa ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi? o?iiaaio i?e ?ioaeoe?eiiio ?eiio?aoa?o? - ionooeueiciiio aoeueaiaaa?i?o? naiie aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae // Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie. - 1998. -?4. - N. 35. Aoiaiiee I.A. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ae?aaiinoeee, i?io?eaeoeee oa e?ea?aeaoe?? aai?oaeueii? oi?ie ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie. - Iaeana, 1998. - N.7. A i i o a oe ? y Aoiaiiee I.A. ?ieue ?ioaeoe?eieo aaaio?a a iaoieia?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a ei??a ? oaeeoeue ia iiei/ii-oiaa?ieo oa?iao Oe?a?ie. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 16.00.03.- aaoa?eia?ia i?e?ia?ieia?y oa a??onieia?y. - Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo Iaeana, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?ena’y/aia i?iaeai? aea/aiiy ?ie? ?ioaeoe?eieo aaaio?a a iaoieia?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a ei??a ? oaeeoeue a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie. Aia?oa a ainiiaea?noaao i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie anoaiiaeaia ao?ieia?/ia no?oeoo?a caoaeiee?a, ye? ni?e/eiythoue ii?ooaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? o ei??a ? oaeeoeue, aea/aia ai?ciioe/ia neooaoe?y c ?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue, ye? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aeacaiith iaoieia??th, cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a ?ioi?caoe?? oaa?ei c canoinoaaiiyi aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo ( ??O - ?G ) ? ?ioiinoeioeyoi?a, aecia/ai? aeaye? iieacieee ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio ei??a ? oaeeoeue, oai?eo ia ??O - IAA oa ?o ci?ie i?e canoinoaaii? aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoo, ?ioiinoeioeyoi?a, i?aia?ao?a eiaeinie ? iai-aaa?iaeue, aaeineiiaeaia nenoaia i?ioeai?ciioe/ieo caoiae?a i?e ??O - IAA. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy a oiiaao ae?iaieoeoaa. Aiioaoeey. Aoiaiiue I.A. ?ieue eioaeoeeiiiuo aaaioia e niioonoaothueo oaeoi?ia a iaoieiaee ?ai?iaeoeoeaiuo i?aaiia ei?ia e o?eie ia iiei/ii-oiaa?iuo oa?iao thaa Oe?aeiu. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 16.00.03. - aaoa?eia?iay iee?iaeieiaey e ae?onieiaey. -Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue naeueneioicyenoaaiiue einoeooo, Iaeanna, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia eco/aiey ?iee eioaeoeeiiiuo aaaioia a iaoieiaee ?ai?iaeoeoeaiuo i?aaiia ei?ia e o?eie a oicyenoaao thaa Oe?aeiu. Aia?aua a oicyenoaao thaa Oe?aeiu onoaiiaeaia yoeieiae/aneay no?oeoo?a aicaoaeeoaeae, eioi?ua aucuaatho ia?ooaiey aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiie ooieoeee o ei?ia e o?eie, eco/aia yieciioe/aneay neooaoeey ii eioaeoeeiiiui caaieaaaieyi, eioi?ua nii?iaiaeaeathony iacaaiiie iaoieiaeae, i?aaeeiaeai niinia eiioiecaoeee ioo?i i?eiaiaiey aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoa ( E?O - IG ) e eiioiinoeioeyoi?a, eco/aiu iaeioi?ua iieacaoaee eiioiieiae/aneie ?aaeoeaiinoe i?aaiecia ei?ia e o?eie, aieueiuo E?O - IAA e eo eciaiaiey i?e eniieueciaaiee aaeoeeiiiai i?aia?aoa, eiioiinoeioeyoi?a, i?aia?aoia eiaeinie e iai-aaaeiaeue, oniaa?oainoaiaaia nenoaia i?ioeaiyieciioe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee i?e E?O - IAA. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?eiaiaiea a oneiaeyo i?iecaiaenoaa. Anotation Gummeny O.G. The role of infectious agents in pathology of reproductive organs of cows and heifers on dairy farms of South Ukraine.- Manuscript. The dissertation is presented for searching the scientific degree of candidate of veterinary seience (speciality 16.00.03 - the veterinary microbiology and virusology. - Odessa state agricultural institute, Odessa, 1999. This dissertation is devoted to the problem of studying the role of infectious agents in pathology of reproductive organs of cows and heifers in the farms of South Ukraine. For the first time it was defined the etiologic structure of agents which cause changes in reproductive function of cows and heifers on the farms of South Ukraine. It was closely studied the epizootic situation of infectious deseases which are the result of the above mentioned pathology, the method of immunization of animals was elaborated by means of using vaccine preparation (IRT-IG) and immunostimulation. Some immunological reaction indices of animals sick with IRT-IPV and their changes while using vaccine preparation immunostimulation, iodosol preparation and neo-vaginal preparations were developed. It was improved the system of antiepizootic measures based on IRT-IPV usage. The main results of work were put into practice in dairy cattle raising. PAGE 39

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