Реорганізація системи ресурсозабезпечення промислових підприємств в умовах структурного реформування економіки України (на прикладі підприємств тракто

OA?EIANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEe AEIIIII*IEe OIIAA?NEOAO

OAeE 338.45 : 621.005

AANEEAANUeEA IAAeIss ?AAAIIAIA

?ai?aaiIcaoeIss nenoaie ?ano?nicaaacia*aiiss i?iieneiaeo iIaei?e?inoa
a oiiaao no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiss aeiiiiIee Oe?aie

( ia i?eeeaaei iIaei?e?inoa o?aeoi?iiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiss
Oa?eIanueeiai ?aaIiio )

Niaoeaeueinoue 08.06.01 — “Aeiiiiea iaei?einoaa i?aaicaoey
ae?iaieoeoaa”

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii/ieo iaoe

Oa?ea — 1999

Aeena?oaoeth ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?eanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii/iiio oiaa?neoao,
Iinoa?noai inaoe Oe?aie.

Iaoeiaee ea?aiee

—eaiaeeaeao aeiiii/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, caneoaeaiee
aeiiiino Oe?aie

*a/aoia Ieoaeei Aaneeueiae/

Iinoa?noai aeiiiiee Oe?aie, canooiiee iino?a, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iaeeo OAeAO

Iooeei iiiiaioe:aeieoi? aeiiii/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaaiia TH?e Ai?eniae/

Oa?eanueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii/iee oiaa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
aeiiiiee iaei?einoaa oa iaiaaeaeiaioo

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eoei Aieiaeeie? Ieaenaiae?iae/

Oiaa?neoao aioo?oio ni?aa, i. Oa?ea,

ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e aooaaeoa?nueeiai iaeeo oa aoaeeoo

I?iaaeia onoaiiaa—Oa?eanueeee aea?aeaaiee oiaa?neoao, eaoaae?a aeiiiiee
oa iaiaaeaeiaioo, Iinoa?noai inaoe Oe?aie, i. Oa?ea.

Caoeno aaeaoaeaoueny “ 25 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiaeei ia
canaeaii niaoeaeciaaii a/aii ?aaee, oeo? Ae 64.055.01 o Oa?eanueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii/iiio oiaa?neoao ca aae?anith: 310001, i. Oa?ea,
i?.Eaiia, 9-a.

C aeena?oaoeth iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aaeioaoe Oa?eanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aeiiii/iiai oiaa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310001, i. Oa?ea, i?.Eaiia, 9-a.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icneaiee “24” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeaeciaaii a/aii ?aaee
Aei?iiia I.N.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueinoue oaie. Na?aae ono aeiiii/ieo i?ioeana, ui iathoue aieea
ia caaaeueiee ?icaeoie nonieueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iaeaeueo aaaiieie
no?oeoo?inoai?thth/i i?ioeane, caaaeyee yeei aeinyaaoueny ?aiiaaaa iae
iiieoii oa i?iiiceoeth o aoaeue-yee aeiiii/ie nenoai.

Iineeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo aeaoi?iaoee, ui iaee inoea i?ioyaii aeanyoe?/ a
aeiiiioe Oe?aie, i?ecaaei aei aeieeiaiiy caaaeueiiaeiiii/ii e?ece. Aac
caeeniaiiy oeeani?yiiaaiiai nenoaiiiai no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy
iaoei-iaeueii aeiiiiee iaiiaeeeaa iiaeaeueoa noaaecaoey.

Ieoaiiyi no?oeoo?ii i?iaeaiaoeee i?enay/aii aaaaoi iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
aaeiieo ao/eciyieo oa ca?oaaeieo a/aieo-aeiiiinoa, o oiio /ene:
E.Aaaeeia, .Aeaeioia , A.Aoeaoiaa, Aeae.Aaea?aeoa,
A.A?eiueiai, N.Aei?iaoi-oeiaa, ss.Ei?ia, N.Eociaoey, E.Eaiioueaa,
.Eoeiiaa, A.*ooii, A.*a?iyea. ?aeiiaiaeaoe oeeo oa ioeo iaoeiaoea
iaaoaathoue i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy iae /an caeeniaiiy no?oeoo?iiai
?aoi?ioaaiiy ia?aoaeii aeiiiiee Oe?aie.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i aeaniino oa ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ?ai?aaicaoey ono
?aia iaoaicio oi?aaeiiy ni?eythoue ?icaeoeia oe?ainueeiai i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, aea iio?aaothoue cia/ieo eiooa. Oiio iae /an
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe i?iieneiaino iaiaoaeii aecia/aoe iaeia?niaeoeaio
ae?iaieoeoaa oa aeeiioaaoe o ?ai?aaicaoeth iaeaeueo iuaaeeeai,
a?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino o ooieoeiioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo.

On no?oeoo?i ia?aoai?aiiy o aaeocyo i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeii
aooe iaoeeai ia caeueoaiiy o aeanieo i?eaooea.

Aecia/aiith ?aca?aa ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy — iaeiiio c aieiaieo aaaeaea
iaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino ae?iaieoeoaa — i?enayoeee nai i?aoe oae iaoeiaoe,
ye I.Aeiia, I.Aeyaoeaa, I.Aa?eooa, N.Aecthai, I.aaiia, N.Eoeo ,
TH.Ia?oo, A.Iaeioeiaa, I.Iaaeaiei, .?aaiiae/, N.Naaei, E.No??, I.
Oanieye, I.*oia/aiei oa i.

Aea oeea eiei ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c ae?oaiiyi i?iaeaie
?ano?nicaaac-ia/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa (cie?aia eiai caaacia/aiiy
iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie) a oiiaao ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe ia?aoaeii aeiiiiee
Oe?aie, caeeoeeinue aac oaaae. Oea coiiaeei aea? oaie aeena?oaoe,
aecia/eei iaoo e caaea/.

Iaoa caaea/ aeineaeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe ? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoee uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie caaacia/aiiy
iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao no?oeoo?ii
o?ainoi?iaoe aeiiiiee Oe?aie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii iaoe a aeena?oaoe ae?oaii oae caaea/:

2

iaa?oioiaaii iaiaoaeinoue oa aecia/aii nooinoue no?oeoo?iiai
?aoi?ioaaiiy ia?aoaeii aeiiiiee Oe?aie;

aeineaeaeaii niaoeeoeo no/aniiai ?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa oa aecia/aii iaiaoaeinoue aeei?enoaiiy nenoaiii iaoiaeieia
uiaei eiai iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo;

i?iaiaeciaaii iniaeeaino aaaaeaiiy a aeth ?aca?aa aaeiinei “ae?iaiee
niiaeeaa/ ” oa “ae?iaiee iinoa/aeueiee” ia iaei?e?inoaao
o?aeoi?iaoaeoaaiiy Oa?eanueeiai ?aaiio ;

i?iaiaeciaaii caycie ?aiy ae?iaie/eo caiana c eioeaaith
?acoeueoaoeainoth ainiiaea?thaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiiiiei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoiaea;

?icaeyiooi ia?aaaae, ye iiaea iaaeaoe iaei?e?inoaai o?aeoi?iaoaeoaaiiy
Oa?eanueeiai ?aaiio o ia?aoai?aiiy ia i?iieneiai-oiainiao a?oio (IOA);

aecia/aii iaiaoaeinoue ooai?aiiy caaaeueii eianoe/ii nenoaie uiaei
iioeicaoe iaoa?aeueieo iioiea ia iaei?einoaao IOA;

?ic?iaeaii oa cai?iiiiiaaii eiiieaen iaoiaee/ieo canaae uiaei iaeaeuaiiy
iiaeueiino IOA ca oiiae aeei?enoaiiy eianoe/iiai iaeoiaeo.

I?aaeiao ia?eo aeineaeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeineaeaeaiiy nenoaia
caaacia/aiiy iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie i?iieneiaeo iaei?e?inoa a oiiaao
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe aaeocaaiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Ia?eoii aeineaeaeaiiy ia?aii
iae-i?einoaa o?aeoi?iiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy Oa?eanueeiai ?aaiio.

Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea aeineaeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/io oa iaoiaeieia/io iniiao
aeineaeaeaiiy neeaee: ooiaeaiaioaeuei iieiaeaiiy caaaeueii aeiiii/ii
oai? noiniaii no?oeoo?ieo o?ainoi?iaoee a aeiiiioe; caeiiiaeaa/ oa
ii?iaoeai aeoe Oe?aie, iaoeia ?iaioe ao/eciyieo ca?oaaeieo
a/aieo-aeiiiinoa c ieoaiue oi?aaeiiy iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie o
i?iieneiaiio ae?iaieoeoa; noaoenoe/i oa caoi aeai o?aeoi?iaoaeaiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?e ?icaycaii iinoaaeaieo caaea/ aoei canoiniaaii iaoiaee: eia/iiai
ocaaaeueiaiiy, nenoaiiiai aiaeco, iaoaiaoe/ii noaoenoeee,
aeiiiiei-iaoaiaoe/i iaoiaee c canoinoaaiiyi eiiithoa?a c aaeiiaaeiei
i?ia?aiiei caaacia/aiiyi. Oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaany oaeiae eianoe/iee
iaeoae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoaoa, io?eiaieo iniaenoi aaoi?ii :

aecia/aii iaiaoaeinoue ?icaeoeo neeaaeieo no?oeoo?ieo oa?oiiaaiue ia
aaeocaaiio oa ?aaiiaeueiiio ?aiyo i?iieneiaino noiniaii aeoeacaoe
o?ainoi?iaoe aeiiiiee Oe?aie;

oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iaiaoaeinoue oa iiaeeeaino aaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?aaeiiy iaoa?aeiiioieaie o nenoai “niiaeeaa/ ae?iaiee
iinoa/aeueiee ”;

3

?ic?iaeaii iia iaoiaee/i iaeoiaee “ae?iaiee niiaeeaa/” oa
“ae?iaiee iinoa/aeueiee” uiaei aiaeco caaacia/aiiy iaoa?aeueieie
?ano?naie i?iieneiaeo iaei?e?inoa;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeeia ia?eaoeiao c iaoith
iaeaeuaiiy yeino caeoiae iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na ia iiaei?e?inoaao
o?aeoi?iiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy;

aecia/aii iniaeeaino noai?aiiy i?iieneiai-oiainiai a?oie oa
ca-noinoaaiiy o iaaeao eianoe/iiai iaeoiaeo noiniaii iaeaeuaiiy
iiaeueiino aaeocaaiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

ocaaaeueiaii ca?oaaeiee aeinaae iiaoaeiae eianoe/ieo nenoai o
i?iienei-aino oa iaa?oioiaaii eiai aeiiii/io aeioeeueinoue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoa iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeeeaaeai
o aeena?oaoeeie ?iaio iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe ia oeueee
ni?eyoeiooue noai?aiith iaiaoaeieo i?aaicaoeeii-aeiiii/ieo oiia uiaei
iaeaeuaiiy caaaeueii aoaeoeaiino ooieoeiioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo aaeocaaiai
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa iae /an eiai ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe, aea e iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue iei ii caei/aii o?ainoi?iaoeeieo i?ioeana.

Ai?iaaoey ?iaioe. Iniiai ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo aeineaeaeaiue, aeniiaee
oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe, io?eiai o aeena?oaoe, aeiiiaaeaeenue aoee noaaeai ia 8
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeyo, o oiio /enei iaeia?iaeiiai ?aiy. ?acoeueoaoe
aeineaeaeaiue o aeaeyae iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoee aoee iaaeai oaeei
iaei?e?inoaai: AAO “OCONO”, AAO “OOC“, AAO “OCOAe“, AAO “Na?i iieio”,
aea aiie i?ieoee ai?iaaoeth.

Ioaeeaoe. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe iioaeeiaaii 12 iaoeiaeo noaoae,
caaaeueiei ianyaii 3,63 oi.- ae?oe. a?e., c ieo iniaenoi aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue 2,66 oi.-ae?oe. a?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoey neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icaeea, aeniiaea, nieneo aeei?enoaii eoa?aoo?e c 187 iaeiaioaaiue.
?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 162 noi?ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, inoeoue 35
?enoiea, 18 oaaeeoeue, 19 aeiaeaoea.

INIIAIEE CIINO AeENA?OAOeI

O anooi iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueinoue oaie aeena?oaoe, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo
caaea/ aeineaeaeaiiy, aaeia?aaeaii iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoa ?ic?iaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoee.

4

O ia?oiio ?icaee “?acoeueoaoe no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiiiee Oe?aie
oa ia?aaeoiiae uiaei eiai iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo“ ?ice?eoi nooinoue
no?oeoo?inoai?thaaiiy a oiiaao ia?aoaeii aeiiiiee Oe?aie, aeineaeaeaii
oa i?iaiaeciaaii o?ainoi?iaoeeio aeeiaieo, ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe
no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy. Aecia/aii iaiaoaeinoue ?icaeoeo neeaaeieo
no?oeoo?ieo oa?oiiaaiue ia aaeocaaiio oa ?aaiiaeueiiio ?aiyo
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa uiaei aeoeacaoe no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue a
aeiiiioe. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiaoaeinoue ?ic?iaee oa aeei?enoaiiy yenii
iiaeo iaoiaeieia/ieo iaoiaee/ieo iaeoiaea noiniaii caaacia/aiiy
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie iae /an eiai
?ai?aaicaoe.

1. Aiaec aeiiii/ieo ?aoi?i a Oe?ai aecia/a o ia?oinoue, ui coiiaeth
o?eaaenoue iaaaoeaii ni?yiiaaiino no/aniiai ?icaeoeo. iiyaa ia?oeo
iiceoeaieo iciae a aeiiiioe aae/oaaoueny eeoa o 1997 ?ioe: coieieany
?aaiue iaaeiiy aaeiaiai aioo?oiueiai i?iaeoeoo (AAI), iinooiiai
caeueoooueny ae?iaieoeoai i?iieneiai i?iaeoeoe, c?inoathoue ianyae
eaioaeueieo aeeaaeaiue, aaioaaeieo ia?aaacaiue oa i. Ca oiiae iiaeaeueoi
noaaecaoe o 1999 ?. ia?aaeaa/aoueny cieaeaiiy i?iaiiciiai ?aiy ioeyoe
aei 7-8 % oa o 1999?2000 ?ieao caeueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa AAI ia 0,5 %.

2. Iayai iae?i?aiaa ia?aoai?aiiy ni?eythoue oiainiae noaaecaoe aeiiiiee,
i?ioa uia aae/ooe noooa ciie, o?aaa cina?aaeeoe an coneeey ia
no?oeoo?iiio ?aoi?ioaaii ie?iaeiiii/iiai ?aiy. Eeoa oae iiaeia
iiaeieaoe aeaea?aei nenoaiii e?ece, noai?eoe “oi/ee aeiiii/iiai
c?inoaiiy”, caiiaaoe ia?aoai?aiith ioeyoe c a?ioiai oi?ie ia
no?oeoo?io.

Iniiao ie?i?aiy neeaaea i?iieneiaa ae?iaieoeoai. o 1997 ?ioe aoei
aeaioiaeaii i?iaeoeoe ia 73,5 ie?ae. a?i.. ianyae i?iaeoeoe o?ueio
iaeaaaeeeaoeo aaeocae — /i?ii iaoaeo?a, iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oi/ii
i?iieneiaino — neeaee aey iieiaeie caaaeueiiai ianyao.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy aieiaieo iieiaeaiue Eiioeaioe iiai i?iieneiai iieoeee
Oe?aie (1996 ?.) aeicaiey aecia/eoe i?i?eoaoe no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy
o i?iieneiaino (oaae.1).

3. i?iaiic ?icaeoeo no?oeoo?e iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a, ui eiai
o?aaeeoeeia aaeocue ? o?aeoi?ia oa neuenueeiainiiaea?nueea
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ? o 2005-2015 ?ieao iinaeaoeia ae?oaa inoea iney
aaoiiiaeaaoaeoaaiiy (oaae.2). Ca?ac aaeocue ia?aaoaa o aaaeeiio
aeiiii/iiio noaiiaeu: ae?iaieoeoai o?aeoi?a o 1995 ?. a 10 ?aca iaioa
aae ?aiy 1990 ?.; o 1997 ?. ?? 47,3% aae ?aiy 1996 ?. Oea coiiaeaii:
e?ecith ieaoini?iiiaeiino ia aioo?oiueiio ?eieo, aeei?enoaiiyi
?ano?niaeo?aoieo oaoiieiae, iacaeaoinoth aei oiainoaaiiy ?ic?iaie iiaeo
aeaea i?iaeoeoe oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o o ae?iaieoeoai.

5

Oaaeeoey 1

Aieiai iai?yiee aea?aeaaii i?iieneiai iieoeee Oe?aie

Iai?yiee i?iieneiai

iieoeeeNoa?a canoinoaaiiy1. Ia?aaaaeiee ?icaeoie aaeocae, ui iathoue
oaeaeeee iai?io eaioaeoEaaea oa?/iaa i?iieneianoue, aaeoc, ui
caaacia/othoue o ne?iaeiith; aaeaeaaoia io?ano?oeoo?ia noa?a2. ?icaeoie
iaoeiinoeeo aaeocae i?iieneiainoIiaea?icaoey
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, iaoaeo?a oa oi/ii i?iieneiaino3.
?ano?oeoo?ecaoey iaaeeoocaeaoieo aaeocaeIaei?einoaa oa aaeoc —
iioaioeei aaie?ooe4. Eiiaa?ny ae?iaieoeoa, ui ao?aoeee iai?iiia
cia/aiiy, a oaeiae ooai?aiiy oa ?icaeoie aaeiiaaeieo
ae?iaieoeoa ca caieiooei oeeeeiiAe?iaieoeoaa, ui aoiaeyoue
aei neeaaeo aenueeiai-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno iaeeyaathoue eiiaa?n

Oaaeeoey 2

I?iaiic aaeocaai no?oeoo?e iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
(o i?ioeaioao aei iaenoieo)

AAEOCI IAOEIIaoaeoaaIiss1990 a.*1995 a .*2005 a.2015
a.Aaoiiiaeueia4,810,812,712,7O?aeoi?ia oa neuenueeiainiiaea?nueea
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy

11,1

8,8

11,4

11,4Aeaeo?ioaoi/ia8,711,811,111,1Oi/ia
iaooiaa4,56,73,03,0Iaoaeo?aeia1,64,71,11,1Iio58,653,251,551,5

4. I?enei?eoe no?oeoo?ia ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?iieneiaino a cacia/aieo aeua
oiiaao iiaeia eeoa ca ?aooiie caeo/aiiy cia/ieo oiainiaeo eiooa. Aeinaae
canoinoaaiiy i?aaicaoeeieo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ye iiaeiothoue

* Ca 1990 oa 1995 ??. no?oeoo?a iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ?ic?aoiaaia aac iaeeo,
nieueieo iaei?einoa eiiia?aoeaa

6

iaei?einoaa c oiainiaeie onoaiiaaie, aeiaiaeeoue, ui naia aiie caeaoi
aaeoai?eoe ae?iaieoeoai. Noai?aiiy neeaaeieo no?oeoo?ieo oa?oiiaaiue ca
oeiii i?iieneiai-oiainiaeo a?oi, oieaeeiaa, oaoiiiiena oa ioiai aeicaiey
iioeicoaaoe iaoa?aeuei oa oiainia iioiee c o?aooaaiiyi iayaieo aaeocaaeo
?aaiiaeueieo iniaeeainoae.

5. ?ic?ea ainiiaea?nueeeo ca?ycea o i?iieneiaino oa ?iciaae nenoaie
iaoa?aeueii-oaoi/iiai iinoa/aiiy (IOI), ye aaeaoeeny ia ia?oiio aoai
?eieiaeo ?aoi?i, cia/ii oneeaaeiththoue oiiae noaeiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy
aeiiii/ieo noa?eoa. *a?ac oea iaei?einoaa ciooai aeeiioaaoe iaaeanoea i
ooieoe, cie?aia caeoiaeth oa i?iaeaae iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na. Aea ?acii c
oei, aaeiiaaeiiai iaoiaeieia/iiai oa iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy, aaeiinii
iayaieo cii, ua ia noai?aii.

Aeineaeaeaiiy nenoaie aaeiinei “niiaeeaa/???ae?iaiee???iinoa/aeueiee”
ni?ey aoaeoeaie aaeaioaoe ?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa
aei yenii iiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy, oa?aeoa?iith ?enith yeeo
iaaecia/ainoue.

Ii?aiyiiy ni?yiiaaiino ?ooo iaoa?aeiiioiea a oiiaao
ieaiiai-oeaio?aeciaaii (?en.1, a) oa ia?aoaeii aeiiiie (?en.1, a)
aeicaiey aecia/eoe noooao ciio ?ie ae?iaieea o nenoai acaiiaaeiinei “
niiaeeaa/???ae?iaiee???iinoa/aeueiee ”. ?oo iaoa?aeiiioiea a oiiaao
ieaiiaiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa?aeoa?ecooueny o “caieaiiaaiei
aeooiaooaaiiyi” aae iinoa/aeueieea ae?iaieeia, aae
ae?iaieea???niiaeeaa/o. Oaeei /eiii, ae?iaiee aenooia ianeaiei aeaiaioii
nenoaie aaeiinei “iinoa/aeueiee???ae?iaiee???niiaeeaa/”. ca oiia
ia?aoaeii aeiiiiee ae?iaiee ia?aoai?thoueny ia aeoeaiee aeaiaio aaeiinei
“niiaeeaa/???ae?iaiee???iinoa/aeueiee” /a?ac oa, ui naia aae iueiai
caeaaeeoue aecia/aiiy iiieoo ia eiai i?iaeoeoeth oa caaacia/aiiy
aeaioiaeaiiy onia iaiaoaeieie aei oeueiai iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie.

Ciia iaeoiaeo aei caaacia/aiiy iaei?einoa iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie aeiaaa
?ic?iaee eiiieaeno aaeiiaaeieo ?aeiiaiaeaoee c eiai aiaeco. *a?ac oea
aaaaeaoueny aeioeeueiei aeeiioaaoe nenoaiiee aiaec caaacia/aiiy
i?iieneiaeo iaei?einoa iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie ca oaeeie iai?yieaie:
ia?eaoeiaiaee aiaec uiaei ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe, aiaec ae?iaie/iai
niiaeeaaiiy iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na oa aiaec o i?eaeaaiiy caa?aaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, on ia?ae/ai aeua ia?aaeoiiae aeiaaathoue ?ic?iaee iiaeo
iaoiaeieia/ieo iaoiaee/ieo canaae c oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie caaacia/aiiy
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie a oiiaao no?oeoo?iiai
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiiiee Oe?aie.

7

a)“ae?iaiee niiaeeaa/”Caoo

aioiai i?iaeoeoe

Ae?iaieoeoai

Iinoa/aiiy iaoa?aeueieo

?ano?na(eioeaaiai oai?iiaeiiainiiaeeaaiiy)

CaianeCaa?aaiiy

iaoa?aeueieo

?ano?na

“ae?iaiee iinoa/aeueiee”

a)“ae?iaiee niiaeeaa/”Caoo aioiai i?iaeoeoeCaeoiaey

oa(eioeaaiai oa i?iiaeiiai

Ae?iaieoeoaiiinoa/aiiy

iaoa?aeueieoniiaeeaaiiy)?ano?naCaoo

iaaeei?enoaieo

iaoa?aeueieo

CaianeCaa?aaiiy

iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na

?ano?na“ae?iaiee iinoa/aeueiee”

Oiiai iicia/aiiy:

iioiee iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na; iioiee aioiai i?iaeoeoe eioeaaiai oa
i?iiaeiiai niiaeeaaiiy; noa?a acaiiaaeiinei “ae?iaiee
iinoa/aeueiee”; noa?a acaiiaaeiinei “ae?iaiee niiaeeaa/“.

?en. 1. I?aaicaoeeii-aeiiii/ia noaia i?inoaaiiy iaoa?aeiiioiea o
ae?iaie/e nenoai: a) a oiiaao ieaiiai-oeaio?aeciaaii aeiiiiee; a) a
oiiaao iaaecia/aiino ciaioiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia?aoaeii aeiiiiee

8

O ae?oaiio ?icaee “Aiaec aoaeoeaiino aeth/i nenoaie caaacia/aiiy
iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie iaei?einoa o?aeoi?iiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy “
aeeiiaii aiaec caaacia/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie c
aeei?enoaiiyi nenoaiiiai iaeoiaeo: i?iaiaeciaaii iniaeeaino aaaaeaiiy a
aeth ?aca?aa aaeiinei “ae?iaiee niiaeeaa/” oa “ae?iaiee
iinoa/aeueiee” a oiiaao ?icaeoeo no/aniiai oe?ainueeiai
o?aeoi?iaoaeoaaiiy; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo caeeniaiiy aiaeco caeoiae
iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eioeeia ia?eaoeiao oa
aeineaeaeaii aoaeoeainoue o ae?iaie/iai niiaeeaaiiy; aecia/aii aieea
ae?iaie/eo caiana ia ?aioaaaeueinoue i?iaeaaeo.

1. I?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeineaeaeaiue aaeiinei “ae?iaiee
niiaeeaa/” o o?aeoi?iaoaeoaaii aeicaieeei aecia/eoe iiieo ia i?iaeoeoeth
oe aaeoc oa iaa?oiooaaoe iaeaeueoo ia?niaeoeainoue aeaioiaeaiiy
o?aeoi?ii oaoiee c iiooaeinoth aeaeaoia aei 40 einueeeo nee oaoiee, ui
iaeaaeeoue aei eeano oyae 0,6-0,9: eeueenoue ao/eciyieo oa ca?oaaeieo
ae?iaieea aeineoue iaiaaeaia i?e iaeii/aniiio c?inoaii iio?aa
niiaeeaaiiy ye ia aioo?oiueiio, oae ia ciaioiueiio ?eieao. Ia oa?eoi?
Oa?eanueeiai ?aaiio ?icoaoiaai aeaa iaeaeueoeo ae?iaieea oe i?iaeoeoe
AAO “OCONO“ AAO “OOC“, iiaeiaiiy coneeue yeeo ia aeaioiaeaii cacia/aii
oaoiee aeicaieeoue oo?eioaaoe eiieo?aioi ia?aaaae ca no?aoaath
aeeaa?neoeaoe i?iaeoeoe ia ciaioiueiio ?eieo oa iaea?aeoaaoe i?eaooie.
Iaeiae iaeaaaeeeaoei /eiieeii ?ic?iaea eiiieaeno caoiaea uiaei
cieaeaiiy niaaa?oino i?iaeoeoe.

2. Aiaec caaacia/aiino o?aeoi?iaoaeaieo iaei?einoa Oa?eanueeiai ?aaiio
ie?aieie aeaeaie iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na o 1996-1997 ?ieao aeyaea o
iaaecae/aeio ia?aiii?inoue: caoiaa?aiiy iaeieo aeaea oa aeaoioeeo ioeo.
Cia/ii iiai?oeany noai aeiaiai?ii aeenoeeieie c iinoa/aeueieeaie: oeueee
ca 1997 ?ie eeueenoue aeiaiai?a ciaioeeanue o na?aaeiueiio a 2,5 ?aca.
Oea iaoiiaeaii cia/iei iaeaeuaiiyi oei ia iaoa?aeuei ?ano?ne oa
iecueeith ieaoini?iiiaeinoth iaei?einoa.

o oeeo oiiaao caeoiaey iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na oneeaaeithoueny e /a?ac oa,
ui nioth/ iaoiaeeee aiaeco eeo /anoeiai aaeiiaaeathoue iayaiei o
ae?iaieoeoa ciiai: aiie iaocaaaeueiai, iiaeooue canoiniaoaaoeny eeoa
ie?aieie aaeocyie ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Naia oiio cia/ia oaaaa o aeena?oaoe
i?eaeeyoueny ia eeoa aecia/aiith aieiaieo iieiaeaiue caeoiae
iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na, a e iiooeo iai?yiea caeeniaiiy aiaeco o
ao/eciyiiio iaoeiiaoaeoaaii.

cai?iiiiiaaia a ?iaio iaoiaeeea caeeniaiiy aiaeco caeoiae c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?eioeeia ia?eaoeiao ioiieth /ioe?e aaaeeeaeo eiai
iai?yiee: 1) ca

9

a?oiaie iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na; 2) ca a?oiaie iinoa/aeueieea; 3) ca
iaoiaeii ?ic?aooiea; 4) ca oa?aeoa?ii o?ainii?ooaaiiy. Aaaaeaoueny, ui
/a?ac oaea

ocaaaeueiaiiy iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia eeoa o o?aeoi?iiio ae?iaieoeoa,
a e a ioeo aaeocyo iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. Iaa?oioiaaii, ui ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
oeueiai aaaeeeaiai aiaeoe/iiai iai?yieo o ae?iaieoeoai aeicaieeoue e?aua
a?aoiaoaaoe iiaeeeaino cieaeaiiy iaoa?aeueieo aeo?ao.

3. Aeineaeaeaiiy oa ii?aiyiiy iaoa?aeiinoeino i?iaeoeoe o AAO “OOC“ oa
AAO “OCONO“ cynoaaei, ui o 1997 ?. aiia cia/ii caeueoeeanue. Iiaeaeueoee
aiaec caaaeueii no?oeoo?e oa aeeiaiee aeei?enoaiiy iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na
o AAO “OOC“ aecia/ea, ui c eioey 1997 ?. o no?oeoo?a caciaea noooaeo
cii. C?inoaiiy ieoiii aaae iieoiieo iaiaoaa?eeaoa ia 2,1% oa cieaeaiiy
ia 9,8% ieoiii aaae ne?iaeie iaoa?aea coiiaeth ni?iao iaei?einoaa
iaeaeueoe yenoue i?iaeoeoe ca ?aooiie nei?i/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
eiiieaeooth/eo aeaniiai aeaioiaeaiiy oa ?icoe?aiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo
caycea c ca?oaaeieie ia?oia?aie. Aea oaeee niina aaaaeaoueny
iaaeioeeueiei /a?ac oa, ui ai i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai iaeaeuaiiy
niaaa?oino i?iaeoeoe.

4. ?aaiue ae?iaie/eo caiana noooai aieeaa ia caaaeueiee iaa oiainiaeo oa
iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na. Canoinoaaiiy aeiiiiei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiaea
aeicaieeei iaa?oiooaaoe oeae aieea ia oaeee aaaeeeaee iieaciee, ye
?aioaaaeueinoue i?iaeaaeo. Aeey oeueiai aoei aaea?aii ieoiio aaao
ie?aieo oa?oiiaaiue caiana o caaaeueiiio ianyc iaoa?aeueieo aeo?ao ca
1996-1997 ?iee oa aaeiiaaei cia/aiiy uiiny/ii ?aioaaaeueiino i?iaeaaeo.
Aeiaaaeaii, ui o AAO “OOC” oa AAO “OCONO” ?aioaaaeueinoue i?iaeaaeo
iiaeia cia/ii iaeaeueoe ca ?aooiie nei?i/aiiy ianyaa eiiieaeooth/eo
ae?iaa oa iieoiieo iaiaoaa?eeaoa , ye aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo caiana .

O o?aoueiio ?icaee “?ai?aaicaoey ?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy o nenoai
iaei?einoa IOA“ aeineaeaeaii caeaoinoue IOA aei noai?aiiy e oo?eiaiiy
eiieo?aioieo ia?aaaa, iaa?oioiaaii aaaeeeanoue oa aecia/aii iiaeeeaino
canoinoaaiiy iae /an ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe iaei?einoa o?aeoi?iiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy Oa?eanueeiai ?aaiio.

?ic?iaeaiee o ?iaio eiiieaen caoiaea ni?ey iioeicaoe iaoa?aeueieo,
oiainiaeo oa ioi?iaoeeieo iioiea ?ano?na o ae?iaieoeoa. aeiaaaeaii
aeioeieueiinoue i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy eianoe/iiai iaeoiaeo aei
?ai?aaicaoe nenoaie caaacia/aiiy iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie iaei?einoa IOA,
ui aeicaieeoue cia/ii nei?ioeoe aeo?aoe ia o i?eaeaaiiy oa caa?aaiiy.

1. Aiaec oaiaeaioee no/aniiai naoiaiai ?icaeoeo iaeoaa?aeaeo, ui naia
aaeocaaa ae?iaieoeoai caaacia/o eiieo?aioini?iiiaeinoue aeiiiie aea?aeaa
ia ciaioiueiio ?eieo. Eiioeaioey no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy ao/eciyii
i?i-

10

ieneiaino a?aoiao aeioeeueinoue noai?aiiy aaeocaaeo oa iaeaaeocaaeo
oi?ioaaiue ca oeiii IOA, oieaeeiaa, iaeaaeocaaeo aieeaaa oa i.

O Oa?eanueeiio ?aaii neuenueeiainiiaea?nueea o?aeoi?iaoaeaia
ae?iaieoeoai ia ?icaeiooo iaoeiai-ae?iaie/o aaco — cia/io eeueenoue
iaei?einoa oa aeecueei 10 iaoeiai-aeineaeieo onoaiia. Iaeii/anii iaaoaa
?icaeoeo oiainiai-e?aaeeoiee naeoi?. Cai?iiiiiaaia o aeena?oaoe
i?aaicaoeeia noaia o?aeoi?iaoaeaii IOA (?en. 2) aeicaiey i?inoaaeeoe
aaeiineie iae onia “aeieaie”, a?aoiao iniaeeaino no?oeoo?e aaeocaaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa Oa?ea-nueeiai ?aaiio, cyniao ia?aaaae, ye io?eio
ae?iaieoeoai o neeaae.

Ae?iaie/ee aeie IOAIOOCOEC

OCOAeNa?i iieioNoai?aiiy iiaeo

IIoaoiieiaeOCONO IAeCIII

Oiiai iicia/aiiy:

iaeanoue aeoioeyoe ae?iaie/eo ?ano?na IOA;

OEC oiainiai-e?aaeeoiee caeeaae; IAeC iaoeiai-aeineaeiee caeeaae;
noinoiee iae “aeieaie“ IOA: I iaanoeoe, II iiiiaaoe, III
iaoeiai-aeineaei oa aeineaeii-eiino?oeoi?nuee ?iaioe;
aca?iiaaeiineie iae ae?iaieeaie

?en. 2. I?aaicaoeeia noaia IOA o?aeoi?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oa?eanueeiai
?aaiio

2. Noai?aiiy i?aaicaoeeii-aeiiii/ieo oiia ia iaenoaa ia?aoai?aiiy
iaei?einoa o?aeoi?iaoaeoaaiiy Oa?eanueeiai ?aaiio ia IOA aeiaaa
?ai?aai-caoe nenoaie o ?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy oa, cie?aia, nenoaie
caaacia/aiiy iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie.

11

On iaei?einoaa-o/anieee IOA caeeoathoue ca niaith noaoon th?eaee/ieo
ina, aea c iaoith caeeniaiiy caaaeueiiai oi?aaeiiy na?aae ieo ca
aeiiiaea-inoth iae?aoueny aieiaia iaei?einoai. Oea coiiaeth iiaeeeanoue
noai?aiiy caaaeueii nenoaie oi?aaeiiy iaoa?aeueieie, oiainiaeie oa
ioi?ia-oeeieie iioieaie o IOA. *a?ac oea o neeaae ae?iaie/iai aeieo
aaaaeaoueny aeioeeueiei noai?thaaoe eianoe/i nenoaie.

eianoe/i nenoaie oiiaii ?iciiaeeythoueny ia aeaa oeie: “ye oyaiooue“ oa
“ye ooiaoathoue“, eiaeai c yeeo ia nai ia?aaaae.
aecia/aii, ui ie?ai iaei?einoaa o neeaae IOA iaeii/anii iiaeooue
canoiniaoaaoe aoaeue-yeee c oeeo oeia, ca o aaaeaiiyi oea ia ia
noooaiai aieeao ia caaaeueia oi?aaeiiy IOA. Iaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi oiai,
ui oei, “yeee ooiaoa“, aeicaiey e?aua aaeaiooaaoenue aei iacaieaiiaaieo
o ae?iaieoeoa cii: aaaaeaoueny aeioeeueiei eiai ia?aaaaeia aeei?enoaiiy.

ocaaaeueiaiiy aeineaeaeaiiy aecia/eei, ui canoinoaaiiy eianoe/iiai
iaeoiaeo ia iaei?einoaao IOA aeicaieeoue ae?iaieoeoao io?eiaoe iia
ia?aaaae uiaei ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy, cieaeaiiy niaaa?oino i?iaeoeoe oa
iaeaeuaiiy caaaeueii i?eaooeiaino (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Oa?aeoa?enoeea neeaaeiaeo noeoiiiai aoaeoo aae canoinoaaiiy

eianoe/iiai iaeoiaeo a o?aeoi?iaoaeaie IOA Oa?eanueeiai ?aaiio

E?eoa?

ioeieeOa?aeoa? aoaeoo aae noai?aiiy eianoe/ieo nenoai121. Noinoiee c

iinoa/aeueieeaieIaeaaiaeaeothoueny aeiaaino?ieia acaiiaaeiineie c
iinoa/aeueieeaie, noai?ththoueny ia?aaeoiiae uiaei yenii iiai
i?aaicaoe iinoa/aiiy iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na2. ?eoi/inoue

ae?iaieoeoaaae?iaieoeoai caaacia/ooueny onia iaiaoaeieie iaoa-?aeueieie
?ano?naie o iaaeao iioi/ieo iio?aa3. Ianyae

ae?iaie/eo

caianacia/ii nei?i/ooueny ?aaiue ae?iaie/eo caiana ( o 2 ?ace e aeueoa),
ui caeueoo ianya aeueieo oiainiaeo eiooa4. Aeei?enoaiiy
ae?iaie/eo neeaaenueeeo ieiuyenoue aeei?enoaiiy iaeaeuooueny ca ?aooiie
iioeicaoe iioieiaeo i?ioeana o ae?iaie/e nenoai

12

i?iaeiaaeaiiy oaae. 3

5. Iaoa?aeuei

aeo?aoeNei?i/othoueny ca ?aooiie iioeicaoe eianoe/ieo iia?a-oee6.
ssenoue i?iaeoeoe.Iaeaeuooueny ca ?aooiie yeino aeei?enoaieo
ae?iaieoeoaii iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na7. eiieo?aioini?i-
iiaeinoue,
i?eaooeianoue.caaacia/othoueny oiiae uiaei noai?aiiy oa oo?eiaiiy
ae?iaie/ith nenoaiith eiieo?aioieo ia?aaaa, noooai c?inoa iiaeeeanoue
io?eiaiiy i?eaooeo8. Ioi?iia i?aoe.i?aaicaoeeii-aeiiii/i oiiae
eianoe/ii nenoaie caiiaaathoue aeieeiaiith o?aai

3. Aiaec caeoiae iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na eeoa iaee?aneth iaiaoaeinoue
o?aooaaiiy eioe?oaaiiy oa?eoa c aecia/aiiy aa?oino aoaeieo aei ae?iaie/i
nenoaie iaoa?aeueieo iioiea. Ocaaaeueiaiiy o?ainii?oiiai aniaeoo
?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy aeiaiaeeoue, ui oeueee caaaeyee nieueiiio
i?eaeaaiith ae?iaieeaie IOA iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na, iiaeia cia/ii
nei?ioeoe aeo?aoe ia o?ainii?ooaaiiy, ye aaoiaei?iaeiei oae e
caecie/iei o?ainii?oii.

4. Iaa?oioiaaii aeioeeueinoue aecia/aii iiaeeeanoue canoinoaaiiy o
o?aeoi?iaoaeaie IOA ooieoeiiaeueii nenoaie “I?I — 2“: nei?i/aiiy ?aiy
caiana iaoa?aeueieo ?ano?na o na?aaeiueiio iiaea aei?aithaaoe 17 %.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiai aieiai ?acoeueoaoe aeineaeaeaiue, oai?aoe/i
iieiaeaiiy oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe c o i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy o i?iieneiaiio
ae?iaieoeoa.

AENIIAEE

1. No?oeoo?i aeaoi?iaoe a aeiiiioe Oe?aie coiiaeththoue aeieeiaiiy o ie
e?eciaeo yaeu oa iineeththoue caaaeueiee aieea iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioee ia
nioeaeueii-aeiiii/iee ?icaeoie aea?aeaae.

na?aae iae?ii?i?eoaoa, ui caaacia/othoue caaaeueia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?eieiaeo aaeiinei, o no/anieo oiiaao ia?oi/a?aiaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa
oeeani?y-

iiaaia no?oeoo?ia ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiiiee, aieiaia iaoa yeiai iieyaa: o
aeoiae c nenoaiii e?ece oa iiaeieaii ianeaeea; aeinyaiaii
anaioiiethth/i noaaecaoe oa iiaeaeueoiio aeiiii/iiio c?inoaii.

2. Iaeii/anii c iiyaith iciae iae?i?aiaai noaaecaoe ia?aaaaa iiaeiia
aaeaeaaaoenue oei aaaeaeyi, ui aeathoue ciiao iaeaeuoaaoe aoaeoeainoue
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ono aeiiii/ieo noaeoa ie?i?aiy. Oiio iae /an
?ano?oeoo?e

13

caoe i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeii aaeooeoaaoenue oae i?aaicaoeei
oi?ie oa iaoiaeieia/i iaeoiaee, eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy yeeo ni?eyei a
io?eiaiith iaeaeueo eioeaaeo ?acoeueoaoa ainiiaea?nueei aeyeueiino.

3. Nenoaia caaacia/aiiy iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie i?iieneiaeo iaei?einoa
iio?aao aeeaieeo no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue, ui iaoiiaethoueny ia?aaeoni
ea?aeeiaeueiith ciiith oa?aeoa?o ?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy. Naii?iciaae aeeii
iaeaaeocaai nenoaie IOI i?ecaa aei aeieeiaiiy ie?aieo “aaoiiiiieo nenoai
?ano?nicaacia/aiiy“ o neeaae i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ye aeyaeee
ooieoeiiaeueio iai?eaeaoinoue /a?ac aaenooinoue aaeiiaaeiiai
iaoiaeieia/iiai iaeoiaeo. Oea no?eio aaeaioaoeth ae?iaie/eo nenoai aei
iiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Aeineaeaeaiiy eiiieaeno aaeiinei “niiaeeaa/
ae?iaiee iinoa/aeue-iee” ni?ey oaeineiiaeaiith nenoaie
?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy i?iieneiaeo iaei?einoa iaaea i ciiao
aeei?enoiaoaaoe eianoe/iee iaeoae.

4. Caeeniaiiy o ?iaio ocaaaeueithth/iai aiaeco noaio aeth/i nenoaie
oi?aaeiiy iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie o?aeoi?iiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
Oa?ea-nueeiai ?aaiio oaeiae aeyaeei iaaoaeoeainoue, ui iaeoaa?aeaeo ye
iaiaoaeinoue iiaeaeueoi ?ai?aaicaoe ono ooieoeiiaeueieo iaenenoai, oae
iiooe iiai aenieiaoaeoeaii oi?ie i?aaicaoe aaeocaaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

5. IOA ni?yiiaothoue ainiiaea?nueeo aeyeueinoue ono naio o/anieea ia
noai?aiiy iaeaeueo ni?eyoeeaeo oiia uiaei io?eiaiiy noaaeueiiai
i?eaooeo. Naia oey i?aaicaoeeia oi?ia ae?iaieoeoaa neeaaea iniiao
aoaeoeaiiai ioaa?oaaiiy ?ciiiaioieo iioiea aeiiii/ieo ?ano?na o
aaeocaaiio ae?iaieoeoa, caeaoia noai?eoe iia eiieo?aioini?iiiaei
oaoiieia, ia aeinoaoiuei ia?aaaa uiaei cieaeaiiy niaaa?oino i?iaeoeoe,
yea ae?iaeyoueny.

6. C oiia ia?aoai?aiiy aaeocaaeo iaei?einoa ia IOA aeieea iiaeeeanoue
canoinoaaiiy aeeii eianoe/ii nenoaie, yea aaaeeeaei /eiieeii iioeicaoe
iaoa?aeueieo, oiainiaeo oa ioi?iaoeeieo iioiea ?ano?na. Aea? oeio oaei
nenoaie iiaeiai aaeiiaaeaoe iniaeeainoyi i?iieneiai aaeoc. Uiaei
iaei?einoa o?aeoi?iaoaeoaaiiy, oi i iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aei
aeei?enoaiiy oei eianoe/ii neoaie “yeee ooiaoa“.

7. ?icaeyaeath/e oi?aaeiiy iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie o IOA c eianoe/-ieo
iiceoee, neae c?iaeoe iaaiein ia oiio, ui oaeee iaeoae noai?th
iaiaiaaeai oiiae noiniaii iaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino nenoaie caaacia/aiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa iaoa?aeueieie ?ano?naie — aeieea aeeiee caeoiaaeueiee
?eiie IOA, ciiththoueny acaiiaaeiineie c iinoa/aeueieeaie, caeueoooueny
iio?aaa o caeeniaii aiaeco caeoiaaeueiiai ia?eaoeiao, iiaeeeaino
iioeicaoe o?ainii?oieo aeo?ao oa aeio?eiaiiy noaeiai ?aiy caiana o
iaaeao iio?aa.

14

8. aeieea iaiaoaeinoue cina?aaeeoe oaaao ua ia iaeiiio noooaiio aniaeo
ieoaiiy, ui ae?oooueny: no?oeoo?i ciie oa ia?aoai?aiiy aaeaoaathoueny e
o aeineoue aeniei?icaeiooeo ainiiaea?noaao, i?i ui naae/aoue
aeineaeaeaiiy ca?oaaeiiai aeinaaeo. Eianoe/iee iaeoae o oeeo oiiaao
oaeiae iaaoaa iiaeaeueoiai

?icaeoeo; eiai aieiaia ni?yiiaainoue iieyaa o iaeaeuaii aaeaioiaaiiino
ae?iaieoeoaa aei o?ainoi?iaoee. Oaeei /eiii, canoinoaaiiy eianoe/iiai
iaeoi-aeo iae /an ?ai?aaicaoeeieo i?ioeana o ao/eciyiiio ae?iaieoeoa
aaaaeaoueny ia eeoa aoaeoeaiei, a e, aac noiiao, ia?niaeoeaiei
iai?yieii.

NIENIE IIOAEEIAAIEO IAOEIAEO ?IAIO CA OAIITH

AeENA?OAOe

1. Aaneeaaneay I.A. iaania/aiea i?iiuoeaiiuo i?iecaiaenoa
iaoa?eaeueiuie ?ano?naie: iio?aaiinoue a iiaii iaoiaeieiae/aneii
iiaeoiaea. // ?anioaeee. iaaeaaaeiinoa. iao/ii-oaoie/. na.
“Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai ai?iaeia“.aui.14. E.: Oaoiiea, 1998.
N.190-194.

2. Aaneeaanueea I.. I?iaeaie o?aeoi?iaoaeoaaiiy Oe?aie. // Ainiee
aa?a?ii iaoee. 1997. ? 5. N.82-83.

3. Aaneeaaneay I.A. I?iiuoeaiiay iieeoeea Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo
io?aneaaiai e?ecena. // Ainiee. 1997. ? 1. N.22-23.

4. *a/aoia I.A., *a/aoiaa I.O., Aaneeaanueea I.., Ai?yaa I.N. Ciie
aieueiiai iiaei?eiieoeoaa ye aaaeeeaee oaeoi? ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo. //
Oace aeii. “I?iaea-ie oi?ioaaiiy e ?icaeoeo ?aaiiiaeueieo iaoaiiciia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy”, 1994. Oa?eia: OAeO. 1994. N.156.

5. Aaneeaaneay I.A., *a/aoia I.A., Oae/ey E.C. Yeiiiie/aneea aniaeou
nicaeaiey e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey naiaiaeiuo yeiiiie/aneeo cii i?e ia?aoiaea
e ?uii/iui ioiioaieyi. // Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-i?aeoe/. eiio.
“I?iaeaiu nicaeaiey e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey niaoeeaeueiuo (naiaiaeiuo)
yeiiiie/aneeo cii a Oa?ueeiaa”, 3-5 ethiy 1993 a. Oa?ueeia: A.e. 1993.
N.30-31.

6. sseiaeaaa A.Y., Aaneeaaneay I.A., *a/aoia I.A. Nicaeaiea cii
naiaiaeiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa eae aaaeiue oaeoi? ?acaeoey aeciana.
// Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-i?aeoe/. eiio. “I?iaeaiu nicaeaiey e
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey niaoeeaeueiuo (naiaiaeiuo) yeiiiie/aneeo cii a
Oa?ueeiaa”, 3-5 ethiy 1993 a. Oa?ueeia: A.e. 1993. N.32.

7. Aaneeaaneay I.A., *a?iuoaaa A.I. I?aia?aciaaiea oi?i nianoaaiiinoe a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo: Aiaeeoe/aneee iaci?. Nenoaia AeI?. Oa?ueeia:
OOeIOEeI, 1993. 24 n.

15

8. *a/aoia I.A., Aaneeaaneay I.A., *a?iuoaaa A.I. Yeiiiiey iaoa?eaeueiuo
?ano?nia a oneiaeyo ?uiea. // ?anioaeee. iaaeaaaeiinoa. iao/ii-oaoie/.
na. ”Yeiiiieea e i?aaiecaoeey i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa“.aui.29. E.:
Oaoiea, 1993. N.84-86.

9. Aaneeaaneay I.A. I iaoaiecia i?eaaoecaoeee: Aiaeeoe/aneee iaci?.
Nenoaia AeI?. Oa?ueeia: OOeIOEeI, 1992. 24 n.

10. *a/aoia I.A., Aaneeaaneay I.A., Oae/ey E.C. Iooe i?aiaeieaiey
yeiiiie/aneiai e?ecena i?e oi?ie?iaaiee ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee. // Oac.
aeiee. Oe?aeineie iao/ii-i?aeoe/. eiio. “Ia?eaoeia e oi?aaeaiea
eiiiaaoeeyie”, 28-29 naio. 1993 a. *.1. Oa?ueeia: A.e. 1993.
N.29-30.

11. *a/aoia I.A., Aaneeaaneay I.A.,*a?iuoaaa A.I. Ianoi oiaa?iie ae?aee
a eio?ano?oeoo?a ?uiea. // Oac. aeiee. Oe?aeineie iao/ii-i?aeoe/. eiio.
“I?iaeaiu iiaeaioiaee eaae?ia aeey ?aaiou a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee
“, 29-30 naio. 1992 a. *.1 Oa?ueeia: A.e. 1992. N.108-109.

12. *a/aoia I.A., Aaneeaaneay I.A., sseiaeaaa A.Y. I?iaeaiu iaeiai
aeciana. // Oac. aeiee. Oe?aeineie iao/ii-i?aeoe/. eiio. “I?iaeaiu
iiaeaioiaee eaae?ia aeey ?aaiou a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee “, 29-30
naio. 1992 a. *.1 Oa?ueeia: A.e. 1992. N.110-111.

Aaneeaanueea I.. ?ai?aaicaoey nenoaie ?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy i?iieneiaeo
iaei?einoa a oiiaao no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiiiee Oe?aie (ia
i?eeeaae iaei?einoa o?aeoi?iiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy Oa?eanueeiai
?aaiio). ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoey ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeaeueinoth 08.06.01 “ Aeiiiiea iaei?einoaa i?aaicaoey
ae?iaieoeoaa.” Oa?eanueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii/iee oiaa?neoao, Oa?ea,
1999.

Caoeuathoueny ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo aeineaeaeaiue oa iaoiaee/i
?aeiiaiaeaoe c oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie caaacia/aiiy iaoa?aeueieie
?ano?naie i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aeiiiiee Oe?aie.

O ?iaio iaa?oioiaaia iaiaoaeinoue no?oeoo?inoai?thth/eo i?ioeana uiaei
caeeniaiiy ?eieiai o?ainoi?iaoe aeiiiiee Oe?aie, i?iaiaeciaaii aeeiaieo
no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue ia iae?i- oa ie?i?aiyo, aecia/aii aieea
no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue noiniaii ?icaeoeo ao/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.
Aeiaaaeaii iaiaoaeinoue ia?aaaaeiiai ?icaeoeo neeaaeieo ae?iaie/eo
oa?oiiaaiue o no?oeoo? i?iieneiaino c iaoith aeoeacaoe no?oeoo?ii
ia?aaoaeiae.

16

Aeineaeaeaiiy ia?aaeoiia iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy
oe?ainueei ie?iaeiiiiee aecia/a iaiaoaeinoue ?ic?iaee oa canoinoaaiiy
iiaeo iaoiaeieia/ieo iaoiaee/ieo iaeoiaea uiaei caaacia/aiiy
iaoa?aeueie-ie ?ano?naie iaeaeueo ?ano?niaeo?aoii noa?e i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iniiai iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee ?aeiiaiaeaoe, ui ?ic?iaeai o aeena?oaoe,
ni?yiiaai ia oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie ?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy aaeocaaeo

i?iieneiaeo ae?iaieoeoa, cie?aia o nenoaie caaacia/aiiy iaoa?aeueieie
?ano?naie, a oiiaao no?oeoo?ii ia?aaoaeiae ao/eciyii aeiiiiee.

Eeth/ia neiaa: no?oeoo?ia ?aoi?ioaaiiy, iaoa?aeuei ?ano?ne,
?ano?nicaaacia/aiiy i?iieneiaeo iaei?einoa, i?iieneiai-oiainiaa a?oia,
eianoe/ia nenoaia.

Vasilevskaya N.E. Reorganization of Industrial Enterprise Resource
Supply System under the Conditions of Structural Reforming of Ukrainian
Economy (Tractor Machine-Building enterprises of Kharkov region as an
example). Ianuscript.

Thesis for requiring of the scientific degree of Candidate of Science in
Economics on speciality 08.06.01 ” Industrial Economics and
Organization of Production.” Kharkov State University of Economics,
Kharkov, 1999.

The work presents research in economic nature of structure forming
processes and defines their importance for the development of macro- and
micro- levels of Ukrainian economy. It determines that economic
structural transformations are to be regulated by the state and have
common resource balanced trend, the realization of which ensures for
economic growth.These prerequisites require the development of new
methodological and methodical approaches to material resources
management in the most resource consuming sector of the enonomy —
industrial production.

The main items, conclusions and recommendations developed in the thesis
are to assist the increasing of the effectiveness of the sectoral
industrial production resource supply system, and Kharkov region tractor
machine-building in particular under its reconstruction.

Key words: structural reforming, material resources, industrial
enterprise resource supply, industrial and financial group, logistic
system.

17

Aaneeaaneay I.A. ?ai?aaiecaoeey nenoaiu ?ano?niiaania/aiey i?iiuoeaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu
(ia i?eia?a i?aaei?eyoee o?aeoi?iiai iaoeiino?iaiey Oa?ueeianeiai
?aaeiia). ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 “ Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa.” Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue yeiiiie/aneee
oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Caueuathony ?acoeueoaou oai?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee e iaoiaee/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth nenoaiu iaania/aiey iaoa?eaeueiuie
?ano?naie i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa a oneiaeyo no?oeoo?iiai
?aoi?ie?iaaiey yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu.

A ?aaioa ?ane?uoa nouiinoue ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee, auyaeaiu oa?aeoa?iua
iniaaiiinoe a? ?acaeoey a Oe?aeia, iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue
enneaaeiaaiey no?oeoo?iia?acothueo i?ioeannia i?e ?ac?aoaiee
aioo?enenoaiiuo i?ioeai?a/ee onei?aiee a? ?uii/iie o?ainoi?iaoeee.

?aciiiai?aaeaiiinoue iae?i- e iee?io?iaiaauo i?aia?aciaaiee a no?oeoo?a
oe?aeineie yeiiiieee i?iyaeyaony a ia?aaiiia?iinoe ?acaeoey a?
oeiainiaiai e iaoa?eaeueiiai naeoi?ia, a ia?ooaiee eo nenoaiiie
acaeiinayce. Caiacaeuaaiea no?oeoo?iuo i?aia?aciaaiee a naeoi?a
iaoa?eaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa niaeaenoaoao ?ane?o/eaaieth eioeyoeeiiiie
nie?aee, nicaeaao oa?ico a? o?ainoi?iaoeee ec aeaiaaeiie oi?iu a
no?oeoo?ioth, /oi iiaeao aucaaoue ?ac?ooaiea iaoeeiiaeueiie
oicyenoaaiiie nenoaiu.

Auyaeaii, /oi yeiiiie/aneea no?oeoo?iua o?ainoi?iaoeee aeieaeiu
?aaoee?iaaoueny ainoaea?noaii e eiaoue aaeeioth ?ano?niaaeaine?othuoth
iai?aaeaiiinoue, ?aaeecaoeey eioi?ie iaania/eaaao yeiiiie/aneee ?ino.

Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?aeiouanoaaiiiai ?acaeoey neiaeiuo
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ia?aciaaiee a no?oeoo?a i?iiuoeaiiinoe ii oeio
i?iiuoeaiii-oeiainiauo a?oii, oieaeeiaia, oaoiiiieenia e i?i/aai a
oeaeyo aeoeaecaoeee a? no?oeoo?iie ia?ano?ieee.

Enneaaeiaaiea i?aaeiinueie aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey no?oeoo?iiai
?aoi?ie?iaaiey oe?aeineie iee?iyeiiiieee ii?aaeaeyao iaiaoiaeeiinoue
?ac?aaioee e eniieueciaaiey iiauo iaoiaeieiae/aneeo e iaoiaee/aneeo
iiaeoiaeia, iai?aaeaiiuo ia iioeiecaoeeth oi?aaeaiey oeiainiauie e
iaoa?eaeueiuie iioieaie a i?iiuoeaiiinoe, aeeth/ay e niaa?oainoaiaaiea
nenoaiu iaania/aiey a? i?aaei?eyoee iaoa?eaeueiuie ?ano?naie.

Auyaeaiu iniaaiiinoe ?ano?niiaania/aiey i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee a
nenoaia ioiioaiee “iio?aaeoaeue i?iecaiaeeoaeue iinoaauee”.

18

Ii?aaeaeaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?iaaaeaiey ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee,
i?aaeoanoaothueo caeoiea iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?ia — auyaeaiea iaeaieaa
ia?niaeoeaiuo aeey i?iecaiaenoaa aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee iicaieeo
iioeiece?iaaoue cao?aou ii i?eia?aoaieth e o?aiaieth iaoa?eaeueiuo
?ano?nia.

?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiey aiaeeca caeoiie, a iniiao eioi?ie
iieiaeaiu i?eioeeiu ia?eaoeiaa. A? i?aeoe/aneia eniieueciaaiea a
oneiaeyo

no?oeoo?iuo i?aia?aciaaiee iicaieeo iiauneoue ea/anoai caeoiee
iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia.

Auyaeaia aiciiaeiinoue e iainiiaaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue nicaeaiey
i?iiuoeaiii-oeiainiaie a?oiiu i?aaei?eyoeyie o?aeoi?iiai iaoeiino?iaiey
Oa?ueeianeiai ?aaeiia.

?ac?aaioaiiue a ?aaioa eiiieaen ia?ii?eyoee niinianoaoao iiauoaieth
i?eaueueiinoe o?aeoi?ino?ieoaeueiie IOA, /oi iieiinoueth niioaaonoaoao
oeaee a? ia?aciaaiey.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a neiaeiuo no?oeoo?iuo ia?aciaaieyo aiciiaeii
iaeiia?aiaiiia eniieueciaaiea eae “oyioueo”, oae e “oieeathueo”
eiaenoe/aneeo nenoai. Iaeiaei n o/aoii ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?iecaiaenoaa a
niaoeeoe/aneeo oneiaeyo ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee iainiiaaia
oeaeaniia?aciinoue i?aeiouanoaaiiiai eniieueciaaiey ”oieeathuaai” oeia
eiaenoe/aneeo nenoai a oe?aeineeo IOA.

Aeaiu iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?aaiecaoeee no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey
eiaenoe/aneie nenoaiie ia i?aaei?eyoeyo o?aeoi?ino?ieoaeueiie IOA
Oa?ueeianeiai ?aaeiia.

Iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue nieaeaiey cao?ao ii o?ainii?oe?iaea iaoa?eaeueiuo
?ano?nia a IOA i?e a? aeinoaaea a?ociaui e aeaeaciiaei?iaeiui
o?ainii?oii.

Iaiauai iiuo ca?oaaaeiie oicyenoaaiiie i?aeoeee ii iioeiecaoeee caiania
iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia iin?aaenoaii eniieueciaaiey eiaenoe/aneeo nenoai.
A /anoiinoe, iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue i?eiaiaiey nenoaiu “I?I — 2”.

Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey, auaiaeu e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, ?ac?aaioaiiua a
aeenna?oaoeee, i?ecaaiu niaeaenoaiaaoue niaa?oainoaiaaieth nenoaiu
?ano?niiaania/aiey, a /anoiinoe nenoaiu iaania/aiey iaoa?eaeueiuie
?ano?naie, io?aneaaiai i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa i?e i?iaaaeaiee aai
?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: no?oeoo?iia ?aoi?ie?iaaiea, iaoa?eaeueiua ?ano?nu,
?ano?niiaania/aiea i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee, i?iiuoeaiii-oeiainiaay
a?oiia, eiaenoe/aneay nenoaia.

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