Регіональні аспекти інвестиційної діяльності (на прикладі Закарпатської області): Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / Л.В. Алмаші, НАН України. Ін-т ре

IAOeIIIAEUeIA AEAAeAIIss IAOE OE?AIIE

IINOEOOO ?AAIIIAEUeIEO AeINEIAeAEAIUe

AEIAO?

Ethaeieea Aanee(aia

OAeE 336:338;33n.2

?aa(iiaeuei( aniaeoe (iaanoeoe(eii( ae(yeueiino(

(ia i?eeeaae? Caea?iaonueei? iaeano()

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.10.01 — ?ici(uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee (

?aa(iiaeueia aeiiii(ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe(( ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii(/ieo iaoe

EUeAIA — 1998

Aeena?oaoe((th ( ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oaeai?iaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea?(aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii(/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I(eeiaaea Aaneeue Iao?iae/,

Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi(aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee,
iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ia?eaoeiao

Io(oe(ei( iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ienaie/ Ieaenaiae? Aiaio?eiae/,

?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iauaiei ?aai Ieeeoi?iae/,

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e

I?ia(aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa,
eaoaae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy ? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

i.Oa?iii?eue

Caoeno a(aeaoaeaoueny «29» a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei( ia can(aeaii(
niaoe(ae(ciaaii( a/aii( ?aaee Ae 35.154.01 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe(e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe a Iinoeooo( ?aa(iiaeueieo
aeine(aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a(ie ca aae?anith: 290026, i.Euea(a, aoe.
Eicaeueieoeueea,4.

C aeena?oaoe((th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a(ae(ioaoe( Iinoeoooo
?aa(iiaeueieo aeine(aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a(ie ca aae?anith: 290026, i.Euea(a,
aoe. Eicaeueieoeueea,4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic(neaiee 28 eenoiiaaea 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe(ae(ciaaii( a/aii( ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
A.?.AEiaoaiaoeueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia e?eca, yea
ioiieea Oe?a?io, iaaoea caoyaeiiai oa?aeoa?o. Niiae?aaoeny ia
naii?aaoethth/ee aoaeo ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a a aeaieo oiiaao uiiaeiaio
iaaeaeaeiaeyaeii. Ii-ia?oa, oe? iaoai?cie o aaaaoueio aaeocyo aeiiii?ee
iiee ui a noaae?? oi?ioaaiiy. Ii-ae?oaa, ianooaae ? aeeaeia e?ece iaaoee
oaeiai ??aiy, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? neooaoe?th a noni?euenoa? ye
aeno?aiaeueio. Ii-o?ao?, iiaeieaiiy e?eciaeo yaeu iio?aao? ia i?inoi
aoaeoeaieo, a aeineoue oaee ?ioaineaieo caoiae?a. Iaeiei c ieo ?
aeoea?caoe?y ?iaanoeoe?eii? oa ?iiiaaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Caaino?eeeny i?iaeaie a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e noa?? a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa?
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?. A inoaii? aeanyoue ?ie?a i?aeoe/ii aanue i?e??no
aea?aeaaieo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue i?oia ia ia noai?aiiy iiaeo iiooaeiinoae,
a ia ia?iuoaaiiy iacaaa?oaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa, c?inea ianeaia /anoea
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a, a?aeaoeiny noa??iiy iniiaieo oiiae?a,
ciioai?noue onoaoeoaaiiy noaiiaeoue 43,6%.

Ia ni?ey? ?icaeoeo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a ae?yeuei?noue eiia?oe?eieo
aaie?a iaeano?. Ieoiia aaaa aeiaaioa?i?iiaeo e?aaeeo?a a caaaeueiiio
ianyc? e?aaeeoieo aeeaaeaiue a inoaii? i’youe ?ie?a o?eia?oueny ia ??ai?
9-12%, ui ? ae?ae iaaeinoaoi(i.

Iacaaeia?eueiee noai caeo/aiiy ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo a aeiiii?eo iaeano?.
Oae, noaiii ia 1.01.1998 ?. iaeanoue io?eiaea i?yieo ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e ( a iiaeaeueoiio I??) ia noio $ 46,8 iei., ui neeaaea? 2,3
a?aenioee a noi? I?? a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i?. Ia aeooo ianaeaiiy i?eiaaea(
anueiai $36,4.

Aeooaeuei?noue eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai caeo/aiiy
?iaanoeoe?e a ia?iaeia ainiiaea?noai a iniaeeaiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie — a
Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano?, a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee
iaa?oioiao?oueny oe?eei ?yaeii ianoaaei. Ii-ia?oa, ?nio? aino?a
iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy
coiiaeaia aaaeeei o?iainiaei noaiii i?aei?e?inoa iaeano?, neaai
?icaeiaiith iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iith aacith, canoa??e?noth iaeaaeiaiiy,
a?aenooi?noth iiaeo oaoiieia?e oa aeanieo eioo?a o i?aei?e?inoa ia
a?aeoai?aiiy ? ?icoe?aiiy eai?oaeo, iaaeinooii?noth aei aaie?anueeeo
e?aaeeo?a. Ii-ae?oaa — iaaecae/aeii aea?aeia aaia?ao?/ia ?icoaooaaiiy
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? ia ia?aoei? aaaeeeaeo o?ainii?oieo oeyo?a ?c
caoiaeo ia no?ae coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue i??i?eoaoiino? ?iicaiiiai
?iaanooaaiiy ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio ii??aiyii c ?ioeie iaeanoyie Oe?a?ie.

O aeine?aeaeaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?iaeai ca?oa?aeiiai ?iaanooaaiiy
c?iaeee aaeeeee aianie cao?aei? a/ai? — Aeae.Aeaii?ia, E.N?iaiaen,
I.Ii?oa?, N.Oaeia?, O.?aen, I.Eaaea?ye, I.Oi?aeio oa ?io?. Ieoaiiy
oai??? ? i?aeoeee ?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy — aieea ?iaanoeoe?e ia
aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy, iaoai?cie oa e?eoa??? anoaiiaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i??i?eoao?a, iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueeiai caeiiiaeaanoaa — i?iaiae?ciaai? a
i?aoeyo I.A.Aaa?eethea, A.I.Aa?oey, A.A.Aoanueeiai, A.Aaeue/einueeiai,
?.?.Eoe?iiaa, ?.A.Iai/aiea, I.I?eiaa, A.N.O?e?iaiea, A.E.Neiiiaiea,
I.A.*oia/aiea oiui.

Aaaiiee aianie o aea/aiiy i?aei?e?iieoeueeiai ee?iaoo cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio
Oe?a?ie-no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee, ?iaanoeoe?eii? oa e?aaeeoii? iie?oeee,
iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie, ?io?ano?oeoo?e, o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a,
ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? iaeaaeeoue I.?.Aeie?oiueiio,
A.A.Aoaeaeo, A.N.?ioeth, A.?.?eaeeo, I.?.Eocuei?io, A.I.I?eeiaae?,
ss.I.Iiao?eo, I.A.Ienaie/o, I.A.Eici??c oa ?ioei.

I?e oeueiio a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo c ieoaiue ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
a?aeia?aaeaii caaaeueiee noai oe??? i?iaeaie a ianooaaao Oe?a?ie oa ??
ie?aieo ?aa?iiao. Iaeiae, noiniaii iniaeeaiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie —
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?, yea ia? iaaecae/aeii aea?aeia aaiiie?oe/ia oa
aaia?ao?/ia ?icoaooaaiiy, aei oeueiai /ano aeeaieiai aiae?co
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ia i?iaiaeeeiny. Ana oea ? iaoiiaeth?
aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? oaiaie. ?ic?iaee aaoi?a
aeena?oaoe??, ui aacothoueny ia iniia? aiae?c?a ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, aea/aii? i?iaeai ia?niaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy aa?eoee a ?aa?iiaeueio ?iiiaaoe?eii-?iaanoeoe?eio
i?ia?aio ia 1998-2000 ?iee, yea aoea caoaa?aeaeaia ?icii?yaeaeaiiyi
Caea?iaonueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? a?ae 27.02.1998?. ?67.

Aeey iieaaoaiiy iiooeo aoaeoeaieo ia’?eo?a ?iaanooaaiiy oa ?o ?iaanoi??a
ca ?i?oe?aoeaith aaoi?a oa i?ae eiai ?aaeaeoe??th aoei i(aeaioiaeaii aei
ae?oeo Aeia?aeiee ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iiiceoe?e i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e
iaeano? ia oe?a?inuee?e oa aiae?enuee?e iiaao c ei?ioeei iienii
i?iaeo?a, ?o aa?o?noth oa oa?i?iii ieoiiino?.

Aaoi? i?eeiya o/anoue o ?ic?iaeaii( “Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii? i?ia?aie
?icaeoeo a??nueei? ?ao?aueie”, yea caoaa?aeaeaia Eaa?iaoii I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie (iinoaiiaa ? 292 a?ae 16 aa?aciy 1998 ?.).

Aeey o/ano? i?aei?e?inoa, i?aai?caoe?e iaeano? a aenoaaoe?-i?acaioaoe??
«Oe?a?ia. Iiaeyae o OO? noie?ooy», yea i?ioiaeeea a Ee?a? a ?aieao
i?iaaaeaiiy ui??/ieo cai??a ?a?iiaenueeiai aaieo ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa
?icaeoeo, aaoi?ii ye /eaiii ?iai/i? a?oie iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? aoei
i?aeaioiaeaii ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?iiiceoe?? 10 i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e
iaeano?, ui aa?eoee a Aieiaio eieao oa CD-aa?n?th ?A??. A ?aieao
aenoaaee, c o/anoth aaoi?a i?ieoea i?acaioaoe?y ?aa?iio ? 2-o
?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeo?a — A?eueia aeiiii?/ia ciia «Caea?iaooy» oa
“Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo a??nueei? ?ao?aueie”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe iieyaa? a aeyaeaii? oaiaeaioe?e caeo/aiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e, a oiio /ene? i?yieo ?iicaiieo, a Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? oa
?ic?iaea ia ?o iniia? eiie?aoieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Oey iaoa iaoiiaeea
iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue:

eiie?aoecaoe?? no/anieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia noai?aiiy
ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo ? noaio ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee;

aiae?co i?aei?e?iieoeoaa a iaeano?;

aeyaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiue aioo??oi?o oa ciai?oi?o aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy;

ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eieo iioaioe?ae?a ie?aieo aaeocae
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno;

iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aaaae aaiiie?oe/iiai oa aaia?ao?/iiai ?icoaooaaiiy
iaeano?, ye oaeoi??a i?eaaaeeaino? ?iaanoeoe?e, i?e/iio a aeaio
iai?yiao. Ii-ia?oa, caoe?eaaeai?noue iioaioe?eieo ?iaanoi??a ?ioeo
?aa?ii?a e?a?ie a o/ano? a ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?aiao ?icaoaeiae
i?eei?aeiiii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e. Ii-ae?oaa, caeo/aiiy ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo a
i?eei?aeiiiee ?aa?ii, yeee ia? aenieee iaaeeeoie aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo
eaae??a, ne?iaeiieo iaoa??ae?a, a oaeiae oaeoi? i?i?iae?caoe?? ?eceeo
eaiaeeaaeaiue; aecia/aiiy i??i?eoaoieo iai?yi?a caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a
aeiiii?eo iaeano?, a?aoiaoth/e ?? iniaeeaino?; aeyaeaiiy noa’?eoeaieo
i?iaeai caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a iaeanoue, aeoiaey/e c eiie?aoiiai noaio
aeiiii?ee ia no/aniiio aoai?; ?ic?iaee eiie?aoieo iaoai?ci?a
aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano a ?aa?ii?.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, cie?aia i?iaeaia
caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaeoc?
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eiie?aoi? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, ye? i?noyoue iaoeiao iiaecio, iieyaathoue a
ianooiiiio:

aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao eiiieaeniiai aiae?co i?iaeai ? ia?niaeoea
?icaeoeo ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a iniaeeaiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie —
Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano?;

anoaiiaeaii i?e/eie (noa»?eoeai? ? ia»?eoeai?) neaaei? ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? oa aeacaii ia iaaeei?enoai? ?aca?ae caeo/aiiy aioo??oi?o oa
ciai?oi?o ?iaanoeoe?e a i??i?eoaoi? aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa
iaeano?;

c aaeeeith aeinoia??i?noth aecia/aii iniaeeaino? (aaia?ao?/i?,
iaoe?iiaeuei?, ?noi?e/i?, aeiiii?/i?) ?aa?iio, ui aea? i?aenoaao aeey
aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a
ia?iaeia ainiiaea?noai iaeano?;

?ic?iaeaii iaoai?ci ?iaanoeoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?icaeoeo, yeee aeeth/a? a?aea?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a, noeioethaaiiy
oa aea?? i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i ?aae?caoe?? aeacaieo i?iaeo?a,
aeoioeyoe?th ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a;

i?iaiae?ciaaii aeina?ae non?aeiuei? Oai?ueie a oni?oiiio caeo/aii?
?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo e?a?ie oa aeacaii iiaeeea? iai?yie
eiai aeei?enoaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/i?
?ic?iaee, ui noi?ioeueiaai? a aeena?oaoe??, ? aianeii o nenoaio ciaiue
i?i iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?eieie i?ioeanaie a ?aa?ii?, cie?aia
iaoiaee ?ic?iaee ?aa?iiaeueieo ?iiiaaoe?eii-?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai oa
iaoai?cie ?o ?aae?caoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii oi?ioaaiith oe?e?nii? nenoaie i?aai?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano, ?aae?caoe?? ?aa?iiaeueii?
?iiiaaoe?eii-?iaanoeoe?eii? i?ia?aie Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii ianooii?
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??:

iaoiaee/i? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? nenoaie caeo/aiiy ?
aeei?enoaiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e a Oe?a?i? ? a ?aa?ii?;

eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
ee?iaoo, ?aoi?ioaaiiy o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? oa iiaeaoeiai? nenoai;

i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?iaanoeoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo,
ye? ia?aaeaa/athoue aeei?enoaiiy iaoai?cio caeo/aiiy a?o/eciyieo oa
?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a /a?ac noai?aiiy aeoe?iia?ieo
oiaa?enoa, iaaea?aeaaieo ?aa?iiaeueieo oiiae?a, oiiae?a aa?aio?e
?iaanoeoe?e oa ?ioeo i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
c i?iaeai ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: «Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi???
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?i Oeaio?aeueii? oa
I?aaeaiii-No?aeii? ?a?iie: no/aniee noai, i?iaeaie, ia?niaeoeae»
(i.Oaeai?iae, 6-7.07.1997 ?.); «Noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ia?a?iaii?
oa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? a Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano?» (i.Oaeai?iae,
7.07.1998 ?.); «?aaeei ?iaanooaaiiy o Ea?iaonueeiio ?a?i?aa?ii?»
(Oai?ueia, I??aaeueaaca, can?aeaiiy iaeaniiai Naaie/-Naoia?-Aa?aa
a?aeae?eaiiy Oai?nueei? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe, 25.10.1997 ?.); iioae?eiaai? a
naie iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 11,9 ae.a., c ieo iniaenoee
aianie aaoi?a — 2,7 ae.a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe((. Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 180 noi??ieao
eiii(thoa?iiai oaenoo. ?iaioa neeaaea(oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae(e(a
(9 i(ae?icae(e(a), aeniiae(a, aeiaeaoeo, 21 oaaeeoe?, 2 ?enoie?a. Nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue a nia? 190 iiceoe?e.

INIIAIEE CIINO AeENA?OAOeI?

O anooi( iaa?oioiaothoueny aea(? oaie aeine(aeaeaiiy, (( aeooaeuei(noue,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ( caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, aecia/ai( iniiai( iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe((, aeacaii ia iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy
aieiaieo aeniiae(a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe(e.

A ia?oiio ?icae(e( iaa?oioiao(oueny ?ieue ?iaanoeoe?e a ia??iae
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, a iiaeieaii? aeiiii?/ii?
aeai?an??, yea oa?aeoa?eco? nueiaiaei?oi(e noai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Iniiaia iaoa iieyaa? o aena?oeaii? ieoaiue no/aniiai aoaio
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ia Oe?a?i?, a oaeiae o aecia/aii? iniiaieo
oeyo?a, oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano, aeyaeaii? iiaeo
aeaea?ae ?iaanoeoe?e, oeyo?a ?o caeo/aiiy a aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie.

Cae?enieoe ia?aeii a?ae iaaieiiiai niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa aei eiai
iinooiiaiai i?aeianaiiy, caaacia/eoe noaea aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy
iiaeeeai, ia aeoieo a?aeiieo a/aieo — aeiiii?no?a, eeoa o neio?iiiiio
?aaeei?, caae?yaoe i’youe aieiaieo aeiiii?ei-i?aai?caoe?eieo aeie?a:
iae?iaeiiii?/iee, ?iaanoeoe?eiee, o?neaeueiee, ?inoeoooe?iiaeueiee,
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaee.

Iaeni?eyoeea?o? iae?iaeiiii?/i? ia?aaeoiiae nai? ii nia? ia ni?eythoue
aeiiii?/iiio iiaeaaaeaiith ? c?inoaiith ae?iaieoeoaa. Iio??aii caae?yoe
a?aeiia?aeiee ?ano?niee iioaioe?ae o aeaeyae? ?iaanoeoe?e, ?iiiaaoe?e,
no/anieo oaoiieia?e, eaae?o?eiaaii? ?iai/i? neee, iaiaaeaeiaioo,
ia?eaoeiao oiui.

Ca?aeii c( noaoenoe/ieie aeaieie ia 1.01.1998 ?. a oe?a?inueeo
aeiiii?eo caeo/aii $2 ie?ae. i?yieo ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e (I??) aai $40
ia aeooo ianaeaiiy. Ii??aiyii c aaaaoueia ?ioeie e?a?iaie ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee oeae iieaciee ?iaanoeoe?e ? a?eueo i?ae ne?iiiei (iai?eeeaae,
ca aeaieie ia ii/aoie 1997 ?ieo a Oai?uei? ia aeooo ianaeaiiy i?eiaaeaei
$1000, a *ao?? — $400, a Anoii?? — $320, a Iieueu? — $110).

A no?oeoo?? eai?oaeo, ui iinooiea a Oe?a?io ?c-ca ei?aeiio, 60%
noaiiaeyoue aeeaaee o ia?ooii?noue oa iinoaaee «ia ia?oi? na?aeino?»
iaeaaeiaiiy, ? eeoa 20-30% a?ioia? aianee. Eiooe o aeaeyae?
iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a, ia?o ca ana o oi?i? iio-oao, iia?oi?o
oaoiieia?e, iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ae?iaieoeoaa, noaiiaeyoue ia a?eueoa 0,5%.
Aei oiai ae oe? aeeaaee iai?aaeai? ia a ia?aaeia? aaeoc? no/anii?
aeiiii?ee, a a ciai?oith oi?a?aeth (o?aoeia I??) oa oa?/iao
i?iieneia?noue (oaeiae o?aoeia I??). Oaeei /eiii, ia nueiaiaei? ?iicaii?
aeeaaee ia o?eueee ia ni?eythoue oaoiieia?/iiio iiiaeaiith
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a e o oe?eiio iaeaea ia aieeaathoue ia
caaaeueiee noai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Aei oiai ae aeooaeueiei aeey Oe?a?ie
? ? i?iaeaia ianooaa?a ?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy.

Ia oii? ?inoo ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e iai?eaaaeeai aeaeyaeathoue
iieacieee cieaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a?o/eciyieo
i?aei?e?inoa, oa onoaiia aea?aeaaii? o?iainiai? ? e?aaeeoii? nenoaie.
Caaaeueia noia inai?ieo eaiaeeaaeaiue a 1997 ?. noaiiaeea 10 ie?ae.a?i.,
ui ia 7 a?aen. iaioa, i?ae a iiia?aaeiueiio ?ioe?.

Aaoi?ii aeaco(oueny, ui iniiai( iioaioe?ei? ia?aaaae, ye? iathoue
?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?? aeey ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa aoaeue-yei? e?a?ie, ?
/eiieie ? aeey Oe?a?ie; a ocaaaeueiaiiio aeaeyae? ?o iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe
oaeei /eiii:

i?yi? ?iaanoeoe?? a?aee?eaathoue i?ino?? aeey ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa
iiaea?i?caoe?? ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo aac iiai? caai?aiaaiino?. Aiie
iiaeooue noaoe eaoae?caoi?ii ?icaeoeo i?eaaoiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa;

?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?? ni?eythoue caeo/aiith no/anieo oaoiieia?e, iio-oao
o noa?? iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ia?eaoeiao, a oaeiae noai?aiith iiaeo oa
caa?aaeaiith ?nioth/eo ?iai/eo i?noeue;

i?yi? ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?? ni?iiiaei? iiaeeaeoe ?icoi?iiy aca?iica(yce?a
oa caeiiii??iinoae ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Caaacia/oth/e aeina?aeii ?iaioe
ia no/aniiio ?eieiaiio i?aei?e?inoa?, aiie ni?eythoue i?aeianaiith
o?oaeiai? aeoeaiino? oa caoe?eaaeaiino? a yeino? i?iaeoeoe??.

A ?iaio( aiae(co(oueny (iaanoeoe(eiee ee(iao a Oe?a(i( oa aecia/athoueny
ianooii( aeaiaioe noa?oaa(( ( oaeoeee eiai oi?ioaaiiy, a naia:

cieaeaiiy ?ioeyoe?? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, iae?eiai? noaaee IAO;

ciaioaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai oeneo ia oiaa?iae?iaieea;

ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiai? nenoaie aii?oecaoe??;

i?iaaaeaiiy ai?n?? na?aaeiuei- oa aeiaaino?ieiaeo oe?eueiaeo
aea?aeaaieo oe?iieo iaia??a, ?icaeoie ?eieo ioi?oe?iaeueieo oe?iieo
iaia??a;

caaacia/aiiy ?icaeoeo eiini?oe?oiiiai e?aaeeooaaiiy, caoaa?aeaeaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ii?iaoea?a e?ea?aeiino? aeey aaie?a, ye? caeiathoueny
?iaanoeoe?eiei e?aaeeooaaiiyi;

i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy eai?oae?caoe?? o?iainiaeo iina?aaeiee?a, anoaiiaeaiiy
aeey ieo a?aeiia?aeieo noaiaea?o?a ? ii?iaoea?a e?ea?aeiino?;

caaacia/aiiy aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iiaeaoeiaeo i?euea ca e?eoa??yie
aaeocaaiai ?iaanooaaiiy, ca no?ieaie oa ianyaaie ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e,
nooiaiai aeei?enoaiiy oiaa??a oa iineoa a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

ooai?aiiy ia?aae? e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e o oi?i? aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa
a?aee?eoiai oeio;

i?aai iaaeaiiy aeaniino? ia caieth, ??aiii?aaia o/anoue ?iicaioe?a o
i?eaaoecaoe??;

i?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy ae??aino? cai?iaaaeaeaieo caeii?a, ianaiia?aae o
noa?? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy; cieaeaiiy cai??a.

Ae?oaee ?icae(e i?enay/aiee aiae(co nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai noaio
iaeano?, noaio ?aoi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo aaeocae aeiiii?ee, aeyaeaiith
iniaeeainoae i(aei?e(iieoeueeiai ee(iaoo oa aaiiie?oe/iiai ?
aaia?ao?/iiai ?icoaooaaiiy ?aa(iio.

?ice?eooy aeaieo ieoaiue noaaeoue o?e caaea/? aeine?aeeoe: ii-ia?oa,
nooi?iue iaiao?aeiino? ?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo iaeano?; ii-ae?oaa –
iayai?noue ia?aaeoiia aeey o/ano? a ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioeanao i?eaaoieo
?iaanoi??a, oiaoi noai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei; ii-o?ao?
–oaeoi?e i?eaaaeeaino? Caea?iaonueeiai ?aa?iio aeey ?iaanoi?a, a oiio
/ene? ? ca?oa?aeiiai.

Ca ia??iae 1995-1997??. a?aeaoeiny iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa a aaeocyo
i?iieneiaino? iaeano?, c?inoaiiy caeaaeiino? a?ae ?iii?oo.A oie aea /an
iiceoeai? iieacieee a coieiaii? iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo aaeocyo, ui iaoiiaeaii /anoeiai ia?aoiaeii
caiaeueieo oa?aeue o i?eaaoio aeani?noue oa oa?ia?nueea aieiae?iiy.

Aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui aaeocaaee ?iciiae?e a?aeiia?aea? no?oeoo??
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa iaeano?, aea niinoa??aathoueny oae?
caeiiii??iino?:

a)aaeeea ieoiia aaaa i?iaeoeoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? o ?iii?o?, ui iaoiiaeaii neaaeith ia?a?iaiith aaeoccth,
iecueeith eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noth i?iaeoeoe?? ye ia ciai?oiueiio, oae ?
ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieao;

a)o no?oeoo?? aenii?oo iaeaea a?aenooiy i?iaeoeoe?y aea?aaiia?a?iaee
(e?ia/ii? i?iaeoeoe??), oiae? ye Caea?iaooy ia? cia/iee caian aea?aaeie
oa iiooaeiee aea?aaiia?a?iaiee eiiieaen;

a)Caea?iaooy iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiao? ei?eni? eiiaeeie, ui i?noyoueny
a iaeano?: iie?iaoaee, cieioi, oeaie?oe, eaie?ie, aeoi?oe, e?ia?eoe,
eai’yia n?eue, ia?e?o, aaioii?oia? aeeie, iaeeoethaaeueiee eai?iue (a
oie aea /an i?ia?aeueia ne?iaeia aeaiceoueny).

C ?ieo a ??e iia??oo?oueny o?iainiaa noaiiaeua noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, eiaeia ae?oaa c ieo i?aoeth? caeoeiai, ui i?eaiaeeoue
aei iacaaeainiaaiino? i?noeaaeo athaeaeao?a iaeano?. Noai ?eieo i?aoe?
oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy caeeoathoueny iaeieie c naieo aino?eo
i?iaeai aeiiii?ee iaeano?. A oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo aeueoa?iaoeaieie
?nioth/eie oi?iaie o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ? iaeiaia i?aoey, cie?aia a
i?eaaoiiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee. Iio?aao? caeiiaaeaa/iai a?aaoethaaiiy
i?ioean i?a?aoe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a.

?aaeueiee noai ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee iaeano? ciooo? caaaeaoe ia ia’?eoeai?
oaeoi?e: aeinyaiooee ??aaiue c iniiaieo iieaciee?a iaeano? cia/ii
ieae/ee ca na?aaeiueiaea?aeaaiee. Oae, aaeiaee noni?eueiee i?iaeoeo o
?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai aeeoaey iaioee oaea?/?, a ianya eaiaeeaaeaiue –
iaeaea o /ioe?e ?ace. A?ae/ooii ??cei ca inoaii? ?iee aiaee aeioiaee
ianaeaiiy oa ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy.

A iai?yieo ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy oa i?eaaoecaoe?? Caea?iaonueea iaeanoue
noaea e?aea?ii a oae caai?e “iae?e“ i?eaaoecaoe??, anueiai ca 5 ?ie?a
i?eaaoeciaaii 1209 ia’?eo?a. Aeieacii oeueiai ? oie oaeo, ui a
?acoeueoao? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaniino? oa iiyae iiaeo eiia?oe?eieo no?oeoo?
(iaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?ciano), ieoiia aaaa iaaea?aeaaiiai naeoi?o o
noa?? iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa neeaaea? 92,3%, oiaoi a iaeano? ?
cia/iee i?ioa?ie ?aaeueieo aeaniee?a cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?eaaaeea?noue aaiiie(oe/iiai oa aaia?ao?/iiai ?icoaooaaiiy iaeano? c
ni?eyoeeaeie ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie, aaaaonoaii ei?enieo eiiaeei oa
?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, aea? i?aenoaae aeey caeo/aiiy iioaioe?eieo
?iaanoi??a ye aioo??oi?o oae ? ?iicaiieo. Iaaecae/aeii aea?aeia
aaia?ao?/ia ?icoaooaaiiy Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? ia ia?aoei? aaaeeeaeo
o?ainii?oieo oeyo?a ?c caoiaeo ia no?ae, oa ca’yce?a e?a?i NIAe c
aea?aeaaaie cao?aeii? ?a?iie iaoiiaeth? i??i?eoaoi?noue ?iicaiiiai
?iaanooaaiiy ?icaeoeo Caea?iaooy ii??aiyii c ?ioeie ?aa?iiaie Oe?a?ie.
Aeaaeai?e Aeie?oiee I. a?aei?oea, ui “Caea?iaonueea iaeanoue aa?a
aeoeaio o/anoue a ?iaio? Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio, yeee noaa iaeiei c
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i o?ainei?aeiiieo a?aeiinei”.

C ?ioiai aieo a?aei?/a?oueny, ui iaaeiioe?iea aaia?ao?/iiai oaeoi?o oa
i??i?eoao?a o ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a, ii?yae c a?aenooi?noth aea?aeaaieo oa
?aa?iiaeueieo i?euea iiaea iaoe iaaaoeaiee aieea ia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie oa?eoi???.

Ia?aaaaith aaia?ao?/iiai ?icoaooaaiiy iaeano? ? iai?aoeueiaaiee i?iaeo
niaoe?aeueii? a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie “Caea?iaooy”, yea noai?th?oueny
ia oa?eoi??? Oaeai?iaenueeiai ?aeiio ieiuath 525 aa c /?oei
a?aeie?aieaiei oa?eoi??aeueii-ae?iaie/ei eiiieaenii. Aeacaiee ?aa?ii ?
aeaia oa?eoi??y AA3 – oea oi?eaeueia ii?aeiaiiy ni?eyoeeaeo
aaiaeiiii?/ieo, ne?iaeiieo, o?oaeiaeo oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo oaeoi??a, ui
caaacia/o? aenieee ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ? oaeaeei? ieoiiino? i?iaeoo.
Ooieoe?iioaaiiy AA3 “Caea?iaooy” noai?eoue i?eioeeiiai iia?
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/i? ooai?aiiy aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e
oeyoii caeo/aiiy aioo??oi?o oa ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e, ?ioaa?oaaiiy a
?a?iiaenuee? ? na?oia? i?aei?e?iieoeuee? no?oeoo?e.

Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? ?iaeoue aeniiaie i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue iaeano? uiaei
aeeaaeaiiy eai?oaeo iioaioe?eieo ?iaanoi??a a eaaeo, e?nio ?
aea?aaiia?iaio i?iieneia?noue, iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, ?ic?iaeo ei?enieo
eiiaeei, ae?iuoaaiiy ? ia?a?iaeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??,
?ae?aaoe?eiee eiiieaen, ?icaoaeiao i?eei?aeiiii? ? o?ainii?oii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e, noai?aiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii.

A o?aoueiio ?icae(e( ?icaeyioo( niaoeeo(ea ( cia/ou(noue (iaanooaaiiy
?aa(iio, i?iaiae(ciaaii aaia?ao(/io oa aaeocaao ni?yiiaai(noue i?eieeao
III oa iaa?oioiaaii iioaioe(ei( iiaeeeaino( (o caeo/aiiy.

Iacaaaeath/e ia i?enooi?noue a ?aa?ii? ia’?eoeaieo oiia ?eieiaeo
ia?aoai?aiue (aeoeaia i?eaaoecaoe?y, ?icaeoie iaeiai oa na?aaeiueiai
a?ciano), ia aea?aeia aaia?ao?/ia ?icoaooaaiiy, i?e?iaei? ?ano?ne,
iayai?noue eaae?o?eiaaieo ?iai/eo eaae??a, ianyae ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e,
ui iaaeoiaeyoue o Caea?iaonueeo iaeanoue, ia ii?yaeie iaio? a?ae
iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae ?aa?iio aei i?eeiio ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo. O
aeaiee /an ?aa?ii a?ae/oaa? iio?aao a ?iaanoeoe?yo aeey o?iainoaaiiy
aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? o ??cieo aaeocyo, noai?aii? iiaeo ae?iaie/eo
iiooaeiinoae oa ?iai/eo i?noeue. Ca iaoeie i?ae?aooieaie, i???ioiaia
iio?aaa i?aei?e?inoa iaeano? a ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?yo noaiiaeoue iiiaae
1 ie?ae. aeie.NOA.

*anoeiai oe? caaaeaiiy ae??oothoueny ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy aioo??oi?o
o?iainiaeo aeaea?ae. Cie?aia, c 1996 ?ieo aoei ?aae?ciaaii 32 i?iaeoa c
caeo/aiiyi eioo?a Aea?aeaaiiai ?iiiaaoe?eiiai oiiaeo Oe?a?ie. Ianyae
e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a noaiii ia 01.01.1998 ?. neeaee
51,6 iei.a?i. Iaeiae, a?aoiaoth/e iaaeinoaoi?noue i?noeaaeo
?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a aeey i?aeoe/iiai ae??oaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai, aeaaeae? aeooaeuei?oith noa? ?iaioa ii
caeo/aiith ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo. O oeueiio iai?yieo aaea iiaeia
a?aecia/eoe iaai? aeinyaiaiiy. Ia 1 n?/iy 1998 ?ieo a
ainiiaea?nueeee eiiieaen Caea?iaooy iaae?eoei 46,8 iei.aeie.NOA c 22
e?a?i na?oo (oaae.1).

Iaea?eueo iieaciaei o oeueiio ieai? aoa ieioeee ??e, eiee aoei caeo/aii
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue c-ca ei?aeiio ia noio 13,5 iei.aeie.NOA. ?acoeueoaoe
9 i?nyoe?a 1998 ?. aeathoue i?aenoaao niiae?aaoeny, ui 1998 ??e aoaea ia
iaio oni?oiei: i?ioyaii 9 i?nyoe?a aaea aeeaaeaii ?iaanoeoe?e o ?ici???
16,6 iei.aeie.NOA (??no 39%). Iaaecia/ai?noue neooaoe??, a?aenooi?noue
iie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino? ia noaee ia ia?aoeiae? iaaeoiaeaeaiith
?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo a iaeanoue. Iiceoeaiei ? oie oaeo, ui an? oe? eiooe
iaae?eoee o ae?iaie/o noa?o. Aeey ?iicaiieo ?iaanoi??a iniaeeai
i?eaaaeeaeie ? oa?/iaa, aea?aaiia?iaia, eaaea aaeoc? i?iieneiaino? oa
iiaooiaa ianeoaiaoaaiiy, oi?a?aey (?enoiie 1).

?en.1. ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?? a aeiiii?eo Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? a ?ic??c?
aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai(ea i?eieeao III a Caea?iaonueeo iaeanoue a ?ic?(c( e?a(i na(oo a
1995-1998??.

(oen.aeie.NOA)

Ia 1.01.1995?. Ia 1.01.1996 ?. Ia 1.01.1997 ?. Ia 1.01.1998 ?.

anueiai a o./. NI anueiai a o./. NI anueiai a o./. NI anueiai a o./.
NI

Anueiai

a o./.: 12431,2 9126,7 15700,3 14182,3 33162,8 24469,2 46844,5 32489,3

Aano??y 926,3 926,3 982,6 832,9 1082,4 715,8 2783,9
1895,2

Aaeuea?y — — 14,9 14,9 14,9 14,9 14,9
14,9

??eaiae?y 275,9 275,9 275,9 275,9 1443,4 275,9 1843,4
472,1

?oae?y 12,1 12,1 12,1 12,1 223,7 99,0
400,6 300,0

I?ia//eia 2942,8 2877,1 3804,4 3722,8 5957,4 5423,9 5791,2 5177,7

Iieueua 72,0 72,0 371.9 371,9 584,2 581,7 600,2
597,7

?.Oaaea?aoe. 1612,3 231,5 1820,1 1531,8 1987,9 677,9 2019,7
691,4

Neiaa//ei. 2746,1 2668,5 2399,2 2033,7 5676,9 5288,0 6222,6 5838,3

NOA 254,3 254,3 510,2 395,6 4742,2 3348,4 10228,0 5083,1

Oai?ueia 1429,1 1372,0 2488,7 2394,7 7985,8 7045,8 12326,6 10182,1

O?aioe?y 4,0 4,0 4,0 4,0 63,6 4,0
59,6 —

Oi?aao?y 96,4 96,4 — — 56,6 56,6
49,1 49,1

*anueea?ani 303,7 303,5 2805,9 2396,3 74,3 675,4 934,3
787,3

Oaaeoea??y 4,0 4,0 4,0 4,0 411,7 126,7
417,7 167,7

Oaaoe?y — — — — 2100,0 — 2104,4

THaineaa?y — — 55,0 55,0 147,5 125,0
144,5 125,0

?io? 1752,2 29,1 151,4 147,4 10,4 10,2

1107,7

Ia iaeiiai aeeoaey aaea ca?ac i?eiaaea? 36,4 aeie. ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aeineoue iiceoeaiee ?iaanoeoe?eiee
?i?aeae iaeano?, yeee neeaany o ae?eiaeo e?e ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i, i?i
iaae?ei?noue ? i?ioan?iiae?ci i?aei?e?ioe?a, ia?niaeoeai?noue i?noeaaeo
?eie?a. Oea iciaea aeia??e aei caea?iaonueeeo ia?oia??a ? iaaiith i??ith
aei i?noeaai? aeaaee.

I?e oeueiio, i?iaaaeaiee aiae(c ae(yeueiino( eiia?oe(eieo aaie(a oa ?o
o?e?e, ?icoaoiaaieo a iaeano? aiai?eoue i?i (o naiionoiaiiy a?ae
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ui i?ecaaei aei a(aenooiino( o?iainoaaiiy
aaaeeeaeo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo(a ca ?aooiie aeanieo eioo(a aaie(a oa
eioo(a c e?aaeeoieo e?i?e, ye? a?aee?eoi Oe?a?i? ?ioeie ca?oa?aeieie
aea?aeaaaie oa aaieaie.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aaiiie?oe/i? oa aaia?ao(/i( ia?aaaae ?aa?iio,
a?aenooi?noue iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aai?a i?noeaai? aeaaee uiaei noai?aiiy
ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo, cie?aia a?aenooi?noue
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i niaoe?aeuei? (a?euei?) aeiiii?/i? ciie, ia ni?ey?
aeoeaiiio i?eoieo ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo a i??i?eoaoi? aaeoc? aeiiii?ee.
Iaaeaiiy aa?aio?e ?iicaiiei e?aaeeoi?ai c aieo iaeanieo aeaaeieo
no?oeoo? ia ia? caeiiiaeaa/iai i?aee??ieaiiy.

Aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? aeaco(oueny ia (io( noa’?eoeai? oaeoi?e
aaeueioaaiiy i?ioean?a aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. Iaeei c
ieo — oea a?aenooi?noue ?io?ano?oeoo?e o aeaeyae? nenoai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, eaae?o?eiaaii?
?ic?iaee ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a, iiooeo iioaioe?eieo ?iaanoi??a oa
noi?iaiaeaeaiith i?iaeo?a. I?e oeueiio ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ea??aiee?a
ia aieiae?? oaoiieia??th ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano. A no?oeoo?ao i?aai?a
oi?aae?iue iaeanii?, i?nueeeo oa ?aeiiieo ?aae a?aenooi? a?aeiia?aei?
aeaia?oaiaioe, i?e oiio ye a oeae aea /an ooieoe?iiothoue aaeocaa?
oi?aae?iiy, ye? aeaaii ao?aoeee aaaeae? aieeao ia i?aei?e?inoaa, iaeiae,
ia i?eae(eythoue iaeaaeii( oaaae i?iaeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

C iaoith noai?aiiy aoaeoeaii( nenoaie caeo/aiiy ( aeei?enoaiiy
(iaanoeoe(e a iaeano( ca o/anoth aaoi?a oa aaeocaaeo oi?aae(iue iaeanii(
aea?aeaaii( aaei(i(no?aoe(( aoei ?ic?iaeaii ?aa?iiaeueio
?iiiaaoe?eii-?iaanoeoe?eio i?ia?aio ia 1998-2000 ?iee, a ye?e aecia/ai?
i??i?eoaoi? iai?yiee oa eiie?aoi? noa’?eoe i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino? uiaei ?aae?caoe?? (iaanoeoe(eieo i?iaeo?a (a (( ?aieao
i(aeaioiaeaii aei ae?oeo oa aeaeaii Aeia(aeiee ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?iiiceoe?e i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e iaeano?).

I(aenoiiaoth/e iaoa?(ae o?aoueiai ?icae(eo, aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiio?
oeyoe ?aae?caoe?? aeuaiacaaii? i?ia?aie, a oaeiae ia iniia? aea/aiiai
aeina?aeo non?aeiuei? e?a?ie Oai?ueie, aeine?aeaeaiue oe?a?inueeeo oa
ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, i?iiiio? naith iiceoe?th uiaei ae??oaiiy i?iaeai
aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a ?aa?ii?, a naia noai?aiiy
niaoe?aeueiiai ?aaeeio ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a ?aa?iiao
i??i?eoaoiiai ?icaeoeo Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?.

AENIIAEE

1.Aeo?ae c e?ece, ?ica’ycaiiy oe?ieiai niaeo?a nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai
caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaeeeainoae oa ia?niaeoea ?iaanooaaiiy eai?oaeo, ye ca
?aooiie aioo??oi?o aeaea?ae, oae ? ca ?aooiie eai?oae?a ?iicaiiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy. A Oe?a?i? o?ii?/ii ia a?aoiaothoueny iiaeeeaino?
iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo ca ?aooiie a?o/eciyieo aeaea?ae oa eiai
?iaanooaaiiy aei iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee. AEi?noea iiiaoa?ia iiaeaeue
?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee, ca yei? /a?ac no?eioaaiiy ?ioeyoe?? aoaeue-yeith
oe?iith, a?aeaoaa?oueny iaaaeueia iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa, c?inoa?
aac?ia?ooy, c?iaeea ana aeey e?ea?aeaoe?? iiaeeeaino? aioo??oiueiai
?iaanooaaiiy.

2.Ca an? ?iee iacaeaaeiino? a e?a?i? oae ? ia aoei noai?aii iaoai?cio
noeioethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano. A Oe?a?i? ia aeei?enoiao?oueny
i?aeoeea ?iaanoeoe?eieo oaiae c aaeeeeie ?iaanoi?aie. Caoiaee uiaei
?icaeoeo niaoe?aeueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii ana ua caeeoathoueny ia ??ai?
eeoa aeiiii?/ii? i?iiaaaiaee. Aaniethoii iaiaaieie ? oiiae ?iaioe a
Oe?a?i? ?iicaiieo aaie?a ? ?ioeo o?iainiaeo onoaiia, ye? ye i?aaeei,
ni?eythoue ?iicaiiei ?iaanoeoe?yi oa ianeoaiaothoue eai?oaee, ui
iaaeoiaeyoue aei e?a?ie.

3 Iaiao?aei?noue ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e a oe?a?inuee?e aeiiii?oe?
iaoiiaeaia, ii-ia?oa, iio?aaith iiiiaithaaoe iaiaaeai? aioo??oi?
caiuaaeaeaiiy eai?oaeo oa caaacia/oaaoe o?iainoaaiiy ia i?e?i??ai?
(i?aei?e?inoaa), iaci??ai? (aaeocue) oa iae?i??ai?. Oea ia?aaaaeii
iai?aaeaiiy ?ano?n?a aeey ?iii?oo eai?oaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy,
iiaea?i?caoe?? ? ?ano?oeoo??caoe?? aeiiii?ee, ui a naith /a?ao,
ni?eyoeia iaeaooiueiio aeiiii?/iiio c?inoaiith ? ?icaeoeo. Ii-ae?oaa,
?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?? caaacia/othoue iio-oao ?, ii-o?ao?, iieaaoothoue
aeinooi aei ciai?oi?o ?eie?a.

4. Iacaaaeath/e ia i?ecoieiaiiy niaaeo ianya?a i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa
a 1997 ?., a iaeano? ana ua ia aeinyaiooi noaa?e?caoe?? ?iaioe an?o
aaeocae. Oea coiiaeth? i?aeaeuaiee ?ioa?an noa»?eo?a ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? aei iiooeo o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a. ?nio? iio?aaa aeeaaeaiiy
eai?oaeo iioaioe?eieo ?iaanoi??a a i??i?eoaoi? aaeoc? aeiiii?ee iaeano?
a ianyc? aeecueei 1 ie?ae.aeie.NOA.

5.I?enooi?noue a ?aa?ii? ia’?eoeaieo oiia ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue (aeoeaia
i?eaaoecaoe?y, ?icaeoie iaeiai oa na?aaeiueiai a?ciano), ia caaacia/eea
cia/iiai i?eoieo a ?aa?ii o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aeey iiaeaaaeaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa, noai?aiiy iiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo
oaoiieia?e. Ia a iiai?e i??? aeei?enoiaothoueny aaiiie?oe/i? ia?aaaae
?aa?iio a ieai? caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e.

6.Aeey aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?, ? a
Caea?iaonueeiio ?aa?ii? cie?aia, iaiao?aeia i?eeiyooy oe?eiai ?yaeo
caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a aai iii?aaie ? aeiiiaiaiue aei aaea ae?th/eo
caeii?a, a naia: Caeiio «I?i aaie?oonoai»; Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i ?aaeei
?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy»; Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i i?iieneiai-o?iainia?
a?oie»; Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i aeani?noue»; Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i canoaao»;
i?eeiyooy Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i iaeia? oa ei?ii?aoeai? ?iaanoeoe?ei?
oiiaee»; Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i niaoe?aeueiee ?aaeei ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a i??i?eoaoieo aeaeao aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a ie?aieo
?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie»; aianaiiy ci(i ( aeiiiaiaiue aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i
caaaeuei( canaaee noai?aiiy ( ooieoe(iioaaiiy niaoe(aeueieo (a?eueieo)
aeiiii?/ieo cii»; i?eeiyooy Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i caoeno
a?iiaaeyi-?iaanoi??a ia oiiaeiaiio ?eieo»; aianaiiy ci?i ? aeiiiaiaiue
aei Caiaeueiiai Eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie; i?eeiyooy caeiiiaeaa/iai aeoo «I?i
eiioean??»; i?eeiyooy Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i aaethoia ?aaoethaaiiy»;
aianaiiy ci?i o aaie?anueea oa no?aoiaa caeiiiaeaanoai.

7..Ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? c iaoith noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai
?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo oa aeoea?caoe?? ?iiiaaoe?eii-?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, aaoi? ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co ?aaeueiiai noaio
aaaaea? ca iaiao?aeia cae?enieoe oae? ia?oi/a?aia? caoiaee:

noai?eoe i?e iaeani?e aea?aeaai?e aaei?i?no?aoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eio ?aaeo,
yea a eii?aeeioaaea ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa, i?aei?e?ioe?a, oiiae?a,
aaie?a oa ?ioeo o?iainiaeo no?oeoo?, iaoeiaoe?a, a oaeiae i?noeaaeo
i?aai?a aeaaee o noa?? ?iiiaaoe?eii-?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

i?e oi?aae?ii? aeiiii?ee iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? noai?eoe
aini?ic?aooieiaee iaoeiai-ae?iaie/ee ?iaanoeoe?eii-eiinaeoeiaiaee
oeaio?, yeee ae ni?eya caeo/aiith ?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo iaeano?,
?ic?iaoe? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a oa a?cian-ieai?a a?aeiia?aeii aei
i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a, i?enei?aiith oaii?a ?aae?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a.

c iaoith iiaeieaiiy iaei??? c iniiaieo ia?aoeiae ia oeyoo caeo/aiiy
?iaanoeoe?e a i??i?eoaoi? aaeoc? aeiiii?ee iaeano? i?aai?coaaoe ?iaioo
?aa?iiaeueiiai oiiaeo aa?aio?e iiaa?iaiiy ?iicaiieo e?aaeeo?a oa caoenoo
?iaanoeoe?e ca?aeii c iiaiiaaaeaiiyie, ui io?eiaea
iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?y Oeacii I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie «I?i caoiaee
ni?eyiiy aeiiii?/iiio ? nioe?aeueiiio ?icaeoeo Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?»
(?670 a?ae 31.07.1995 ?.).

i?aai?coaaoe a iaeano? ?aa?iiaeueio no?oeoo?o Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aaaionoaa
?aeiino?oeoe?? oa ?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe?? aeey /iai caeo/eoe
iicaathaeaeaoi? eiooe, eiooe i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo?, aaie?anueeeo
onoaiia. A?aoiaoth/e aaiiie?oe/ia ?icoaooaaiiy Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?
noai?aiiy aeuaiacaaii? no?oeoo?e iiaeiii a?ae?a?aaaoe aaaeeeao ?ieue a
ieoaiiyo o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ?aae?caoe?? eiiieaenii?
i?ia?aie ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, ?icaeoeo i?eei?aeiiii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e, ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoo ii noai?aiith AAC «Caea?iaooy» oiui.

?ai?aai?coaaoe ?iaioo ?aa?iiaeueiiai a?aeae?eaiiy Aea?ae?iiioiiaeo c
iaoith ?icoe?aiiy eiai ooieoe?e i?eeiyooy naiino?eieo ??oaiue i?e
o?iainoaaii? ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a, caoaa?aeaeaieo iaeaniith
aea?aeaaiith aaei?i?no?aoe??th, ye i??i?eoaoieo ia o?eueee c oi/ee ci?o
?aa?iio, a ? Oe?a?ie. A ia?oo /a?ao oea aoaea ni?eyoe ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
ae?th/eo i?aei?e?inoa c iaoith ?o ia?ai???ioaoe?? ia aeione e?ioeaai?
i?iaeoeoe?? c i?noeaai? ne?iaeie, inai?iiy iiaeo aeae?a
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieo oiaa??a.

aeoea?coaaoe ?iaioo ?aa?iiaeueiiai a?aeae?eaiiy oiiaeo Aea?aeaaiiai
iaeia Oe?a?ie, oiiae?a eiioiaeueiiai iaeia c iaoith caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo
?iaanoi??a aei i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaiiai iaeia i?ae ?iaanoeoe?ei?
ciaia’ycaiiy. Acyoe i?ae eiio?ieue aeeiiaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ciaia’ycaiue
oa i?eeiaoe ??oo/? caoiaee a ?ac? ?o iaaeeiiaiiy. I?aai?coaaoe
iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eio i?aeo?eieo i?eaaoeciaaieo i?aei?e?inoa iaeano? i?ae
eiie?aoi? ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?iaeoe oeyoii aae?anii? ?a?iaanoeoe?? eioo?a
iicaathaeaeaoiiai oiiaeo i?eaaoecaoe??.

8.Caneoaiao( ia oaaao aea/aiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy, ye a Oe?a?i? oae ? a
?aa?ii?, aeina?aeo Oai?ueie a ieoaiiyo caeo/aiiy ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo a
aeiiii?eo e?a?ie. A iniia? aeinyaiaiiy aeciaieo oni?o?a oe??? e?a?ie
eaaeeoue ae?yeuei?noue O?yaeo, ni?yiiaaia ia:

noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiaeaoeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, yea iaaea? iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?noeaaei i?aaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy ii anoaiiaeaiith i?euea a iiiaeaoeoaaii? ?iaanoeoe?e;

i?eeiyooy caeii?a i?i ciie i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, yea aeiionea? aeae?eueea
aeae?a i?euea a iiiaeaoeoaaii? ?iaanoeoe?e, a oaeiae iaaeaiiy
aea?aeaaieo aeioaoe?e ca eiieo?nii a?ae ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo;

i?eeiyooy Caeiio i?i i?iieneia? oaoiiia?ee, yeei ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ie??i
aeuaia?ae?/aieo i?euea oaeiae i?noeaa? i?eueae a ?ac? aianaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e a ?icaeoie i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, cae?eniaiiy ?iiiaaoe?e
oa noai?aii? iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue;

iine?aeiaia i?iaaaeaiiy eo?no i?eaaoecaoe??, ni?yiiaaiiai ia
canoinoaaii? ??aieo i?aa ?iicaiieo eiiiai?e c iaoe?iiaeueieie
i?aei?e?inoaaie;

?icaeiooee ?eiie oe?iieo iaia??a oeyoii ciaioaiiy aeo?ao o?iainoaaiiy a
oiiaao eiieo?aioe?? c aaie?anueeei naeoi?ii;

noai?aiiy o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie, niaoe?aeueieo o?iainiaeo
?inoeooo?a, cie?aia oiiae?a aai/o?iiai eai?oaeo, oiiae?a aa?aiooaaiiy
e?aaeeo?a;

aeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie ?iicaiieo e?aaeeoieo e?i?e.

C?iaeai? aeniiaee, cie?aia, noiniaii iie?auaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo
ye a Oe?a?i? oae ? a ?aa?ii? oa iioei?caoe?? aca?iiae?? c i?aeia?iaeieie
?iaanoi?aie oa i?aai?caoe?yie, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
eiioeaioe(( ?icaeoeo (iaanoeoe(eiiai i?ioeano a ?ioeo iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aeiao? E.A. Caea?iaooy: aeoea?co?oueny ?iaanoeoe?eia iie?oeea //
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. — 1996.- ?1-2.-N.146-147.

2. Aeiao? E.A. ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?? a oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino? //
Aeiiii?ea AIE.- 1997.- ?10.-N.74-77.

3. Aeiao? E.A. Eocueiiae/ A.I. Nioe?aeueii — aeiiii?/i? ?acoeueoaoe
i?eaaoecaoe?? o Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? // Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ia, 1998.
-?5.- N.50-55 (oaeno aaoi?a 50-54).

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: i?iaiae?ciaaii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee
i?eaaoecaoe?? iniiaieo aaeocae aeiiii?ee iaeano?, ye iaeiiai c
i?eaaaeeaeo oaeoi??a caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e.

4. Aiaeee A.A., Aeiao? E.A. ?iaanoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue Caea?iaooy //
Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? nioe?aeueii -aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?i
Oeaio?aeueii? oa I?aaeaiii-No?aeii? ?a?iie: no/aniee noai, i?iaeaie,
ia?niaeoeae. — Oaeai?iae: Iaoaio, 1998.-N.322-327 (oaeno aaoi?a
322-325).

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a aeine?aeaeaii noai caeo/aiiy i?yieo ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?, aecia/aii i??i?eoaoi?
iai?yiee ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

5 Almasi L. Uj utakon Karpatalja ipara // Az MTA Szabolch-Szatmar-Bereg
Megyei Tudamanyos Testulete. — Nyiregyhaza, 1997/- Ol. 30-35.

6. Aeiao? E.A. Iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ? iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? caeo/aiiy
?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e a oa?/iao i?iieneia?noue Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? //
Iaoa??aee ?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «No/aniee noai,
iai?yie a?aeiiaeaiiy oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ia?a?iaii? oa oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? Caea?iaooy».- Oaeai?iae: Iaoaio.- 1998. — N. 122-126.

Aeia?aeiee ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iiiceoe?e i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e
Caea?iaooy./E.Aeiao?, A.Aiaeee, I.Eia/a?, Ae.Ae?aei, ?.Ieaenee,
A.Aaneeue?a, A.Ai?iaeaoeueeee, I.Oiea?, ?.Iiiiae/.- Oaeai?iae: Iaoaio,
1998. — n. 145.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aeine?aeaeaii ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano a Caea?iaoo?, i?aeaioiaeaii ?iaanoeoe?ei?
i?iiiceoe?? a?eueoa 100 i?aei?e?inoa oa i?aai?caoe?e iaeano?.

Aeiao( E.A. ?aa(iiaeuei( aniaeoe (iaanoeoe(eii( ae(yeueiino( (ia
i?eeeaae? Caea?iaonueei? iaeano(). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe(y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii(/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe(aeuei(noth 08.10.01 — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee (
?aa(iiaeueia aeiiii(ea. — Iinoeooo ?aa(iiaeueieo aeine(aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a(ia, Euea(a, 1998.

A ?iaio( oa?aeoa?eco(oueny noai nioe(aeueii-aeiiii(/iiai ?icaeoeo
Caea?iaonueei( iaeano(, aiae(co(oueny i(aei?e(iieoeueeee ee(iao ?aa(iio,
aecia/athoueny iniaeeaino( aaiiie(oe/iiai oa aaia?ao(/iiai ?icoaooaaiiy
iaeano(, ye oaeoi?(a i?eaaaeeaino( (iaanoeoe(e. Aeyaeaii cia/ei(noue
i?yieo (iaanoeoe(e a aeiiii(oe( ?aa(iio, ia»(eoeai( oa noa»(eoeai(
i?iaeaie (iaanoeoe(eii( ae(yeueiino(, i?(i?eoaoi( iai?yiee caeo/aiiy
(iaanoeoe(e. Iniiai( aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe(( aeno?aiieueiaai( i?e
?ic?iaoe( iaoai(ci(a aeoea(caoe(( (iaanoeoe(eiiai i?ioeano oa
?aae(caoe(( ?aa(iiaeueii( (iiiaaoe(eii-(iaanoeoe(eii( i?ia?aie.

Eeth/ia( neiaa: (iaanoeoe(eiee ee(iao, (iiiaaoe(eii-(iaanoeoe(eia
i?ia?aia, i?(i?eoaoi( iai?yiee, i?yi( (iicaii( (iaanoeoe((.

Aeiaoe E.A. ?aaeiiaeueiua aniaeou eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe (ia
i?eia?a Caea?iaoneie iaeanoe). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.10.01 — ?aciauaiea i?iaeoeoeaiuo nee e
?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiieea. — Einoeooo ?aaeiiaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee IAI
Oe?aeiu, Eueaia, 1998.

A ?aaioa oa?aeoa?ecoaony ninoiyiea nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey
Caea?iaoneie iaeanoe, aiaeece?oaony i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneee eeeiao
?aaeiia, ii?aaeaeythony iniaaiiinoe aaiiieeoe/aneiai e aaia?aoe/aneiai
?aniieiaeaiey iaeanoe, eae oaeoi?ia i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe eiaanoeoeee.
Ii?aaeaeaii cia/aiea i?yiuo eiaanoeoeee a yeiiiieea ?aaeiia, iauaeoeaiua
e noauaeoeaiua i?iaeaiu eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, i?ei?eoaoiua
iai?aaeaiey i?eaea/aiey eiaanoeoeee. Iniiaiua auaiaeu e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
yeno?aiiee?iaaiu i?e ?ac?aaioea iaoaieciia aeoeaecaoeee eiaanoeoeeiiiiai
i?ioeanna e ?aaeecaoeee ?aaeiiaeueiie eiiiaaoeeiiii-eiaanoeoeeiiiie
i?ia?aiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiaanoeoeeiiiue eeeiao, eiiiaaoeeiiii-eiaanoeoeeiiiay
i?ia?aiia, i?ei?eoaoiua iai?aaeaiey, i?yiua eiino?aiiua eiaanoeoeee.

L.V.Almashy Regional Aspects for Investment Activities (sample:
Transcarpathian Region). — Manuscript.

Thesis for the degree of the candidate of economic sciences,
speciality 08.10.01 — Location of the Productive Resources and Regional
Economy. — Institute for the Regional Investigation of the National
Academy of Sciences. Lviv, 1998.

This thesis characterizes the state of the social and economic
development of the Transcarpathian region and gives the analysis of the
regional climate for entrepreneurs activities. It also gives
peculiarities of the geopolitical and geographical situation of the
region as the factor for investments attraction. The thesis determines
the importance of direct investments in the regional economy, objective
and subjective problems of the investment activities, the priorities
for investments attraction. The main conclusion and recommendations are
transferred in the process of the development of mechanism for
investments process activization and realization of the regional
innovation and investment program.

Key words: investments climate, innovation and investment program,
priorities for investments attraction, foreign direct investment.

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