Реакції різнолігандних ізо- та гетерополікомплексів з трифенілметановими барвниками і неіонними поверхнево-активними речовинами: Автореф. дис… канд.

2

OE?A?INUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE

O?I?EI — OAOIIEIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aaeoei/ Aiaeaea Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 543:547.632:547.775

?aaeoei? ?iciieiaaiaeieo ici- oa aaoa?iiieieiiieaenia

c o?eoaiieiaoaiiaeie aa?aieeaie

i iaiiiieie iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieie ?a/iaeiaie

02.00.02 — aiaeioe/ia oiiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oiii/ieo iaoe

Aeiii?iiao?ianuee — 1999.

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiii?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oiiaa?neoaoi.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee
aeieoi? oiii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeeaaiie Ethaeieea Iaaeiaia,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aiaeioe/ii? oiii?, i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oiii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Noi?oiiae/ Aieoi?iy Iaaiiaia

Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiiei-oaoiieiai/iee oiiaa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aiaeioe/ii? oiii?, i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee

eaiaeeaeao oiii/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aeaianiaa Aioiiiia Na?ai?aia,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aiaeioe/ii? oiii?, i. Aeiiaoeuee

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa:

Eueaianueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao

iiaii Iaaia O?aiea,

eaoaae?a aiaeioe/ii? oiii?, i. Eueaia

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “ 19 “ _eenoiiaaea__1999 ?. i __1000 aiaeeii ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.078.01 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oiiiei-oaoiieiai/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi ca aae?anith: 320005,
i.Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, i?. Aaaa?iia, 8.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oiiiei-oaoiieiai/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:
i.Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, i?. Aaaa?iia, 8.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee_14 aeiaoiy__ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee_____________Iiiiaeea ?.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Aiaeioe/ia oiiiy Oinoi?o oa Aaeith
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/iith eieueeinoth iaoiaeia aiaeico. Iaeiei c ieo ?
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iee iaoiae, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia ooai?aiii
aaoa?iiieiaiiiiia (AIA) no?oeoo?e Eaaaiia — OIa12I40 n-

(Me = Mo (VI); W (VI); X = P (V), Ga 3+). Aac niaoeiaeueieo i?eeiiia
iiaeaeuaiiy /ooeeainoi inioth/i iaoiaee c aeei?enoaiiyi aaoa?iiieiniieoe
(AIN) aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe eiioeaio?aoei? aeaiaioia-aaoa?iaoiiia,
ii/eiath/e c eiioeaio?aoeie 10 -4 iieue/e. Iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy aeaiaioia
-eiaaiaeia ca aeiiiiiaith aaoa?iiieiniieoe aai iciiieiniieoe (?IN)
i?aeoe/ii iaia?. Aeiiae aei aecia/aiiy iacaaieo aeaiaioia o oaia?ioiie
/an iiaeaeuothoueny ye ca /ooeeainoth, oae i ca naeaeoeaiinoth (Oinoi? —
a noi/ieo aiaeao, a?oioao, oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeoao, Aaeie — a ianoao iiaeie
— aaeieiaeo, iaiiai?iaiaeieeiaeo nieaaao, Aieueo?ai — o iieiaaeaiiaeo
iao?eoeyo). Oiio aeineiaeaeaiiy, yei ni?yiiaaii ia ?ic?iaeo iiaeo
/ooeeaeo, naeaeoeaieo, i?inoeo oa aeni?anieo iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy
Oinoi?o, Aaeith oa Aieueo?aio neiae aaaaeaoe aeooaeueieie.

C oei?th iaoith aoei i?iaaaeaia aeaoaeueia aeineiaeaeaiiy ?aaeoeie
ooai?aiiy caaa?aeaieo anioeiaoia AIA Oinoi?o, Aaeith oa iciiieiaiiiiia
(IIA) c aa?aieeaie o?eoaiieiaoaiiaiai (OOI) ?yaeo a i?enooiinoi iaiiiieo
iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei(IIA?).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoeieia
?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiith ?
158-96, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoei? ?0196000271 “Ooai?aiiy, aiaeiiaeaiiy,
no?oeoo?a aaoa?iiieiniieoe iiiia iaoaeia oa ?o aiaeioe/ia canoinoaaiiy.
?aaeoei? aaoa?iiieiaiiiiia c i?aaii/ieie eaoiiiaie a iiiiiao?i?”, yea
aeeth/aia aei eii?aeeiaoeieieo ieaiia Iiiinaioe Oe?a?ie oa A/aii? ?aaee
c aeieiai/ii? oa aiaeioe/ii? oiii? AI Aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa i caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy ?aaeoeie
ooai?aiiy caaa?aeaieo anioeiaoia iieiaaeiaieueo?aiiaeo ?IA, AIA Oinoi?o
oa Aaeith c aa?aieeaie OOI-?yaeo a i?enooiinoi IIA? oa ?ic?iaea i?inoeo,
/ooeeaeo, naeaeoeaieo iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy oeeo aeaiaioia o ?icieo
ia’?eoao.

O aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c iinoaaeaiith iaoith ae?iooaaeenue oaei iniiaii
caaaeaiiy:

— aieea iaiiiii? IA? ia eiiiiiaioe aea/aii? nenoaie (eaoiii i?aaii/iiai
aa?aieea (IA) oa AIA);

— aea/aiiy ?aaeoei? ooai?aiiy anioeiaoia: iciiieiaiiii — eaoiii IA; AIA
Oinoi?o, Aaeith — eaoiiie IA a i?enooiinoi IIA?;

— aeei?enoaiiy anioeiaoia AIA-IA, ?IA-IA aeey ?ic?iaee iaoiaeee
aecia/aiiy Oinoi?o, Aaeith oa Aieueo?aio a ?aaeueieo ia’?eoao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa aeineiiaeueii aea/aia aca?iiaeiy
iieiaaeiaieueo?aiiaiai ?IA c eaoiiiii IA a i?enooiinoi IIA? i
aeei?enoaia aeey ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy

W (VI) a iieiaaeaiiaeo iao?eoeyo. Ca aeiiiiiaith ?* niaeo?ia iieacaii
ooai?aiiy niieoe

(IA)6 Mo7-x WxO24.

Caoieniaaii ooai?aiiy iiaeo niieoe — anioeiaoia AIA (?Ii10W2I40 3-,
?Ii120403- ) c IIA? a i?enooiinoi eioiiiia (Na+, K+) oa I+. Aecia/aiee
neeaae, ioeiiaia oiiaia eiinoaioa ianoieeinoi anioeiaoia.

Ciaeaeaii oiiae ooai?aiiy anioeiaoia (IA)3 ?Ii10W2 I40 e (IA)5 Ga Mi10
W2O40 a i?enooiinoi IIA?, aecia/aiee neeaae, ani niieoee iaeaioeoieiaaii
iaoiaeii I*-niaeo?ineiii?, iieacaia caa?aaeaiiy o?iiioi?ii? nenoaie IA.
Aeyaeaii caeiiiii?iinoi ciiie ?o noieeinoi caeaaeii aiae ca?yaeo AIA,
noia?iiai aeeiieueiiai iiiaioo eaoiiia aa?aieea, iiceoeaiiai ca?yaeo ia
aeoeaiiio aoiii iio?iaaio, yei iaea?aeaii eaaioiai-oiii/ieie
?ic?aooieaie aeaeo?iiieo ia?aiao?ia eaoiiiia OOI aa?aieeia. Oei
caeiiiii?iinoi aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe aeanoeainoi iiaeo anioeiaoia
(IA)i AIA ia iniiai aeaeo?iiii? aoaeiae aa?aieeia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Iaea?aeaii
aenia?eiaioaeueii aeaii ?icoe?ththoue ciaiiy i?i aeanoeainoi AIA oa IIA
a i?enooiinoi IIA?. Aiie aeei?enoaii aeey ?ic?iaee niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieo
iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy Aaeith, Oinoi?o oa Aieueo?aio a ?icieo ia’?eoao:
i?iieneiaeo aiaeao, a?oioao, nieaaao. Iniiaiith ia?aaaaith iaoiaeee
aecia/aiiy ? (V) ? aeniea /ooeeainoue (0,008 iea/ie), onoiaiiy
iaiaoiaeiinoi aeei?enoiaoaaoe oiene/ii i?aaii/ii ?ic/eiieee, i?inoioa oa
aeni?aniinoue aeeiiaiiy; Ga (III) — aeniea naeaeoeaiinoue i /ooeeainoue
(0, 05 iea/ie). Aia?oa ?aaeoeith ooai?aiiy anioeiaoa

(IA)6 Ii7-o Wo 024 aeei?enoaee aeey aecia/aiiy Aieueo?aio a
iieiaaeaiiaeo iao?eoeyo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a iaea?aeaiii aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo,

aeai?i ia’?eoia aiaeico, ocaaaeueiaiii iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia,
iaaaaeaieo o aeena?oaoei? oa ioaeieaoei? iaoa?iaeia aeineiaeaeaiue.
Iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoaoia i?iaaaeaia aaoi?ii niieueii c iaoeiaei
ea?iaieeii.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe. Iaoa?iaee ?iaioe aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia Anaoe?a?inueeie
eiioa?aioei? c aiaeioe/ii? oiii? (Oaeai?iae, 1998 ?.); Iiaeia?iaeiiio
eiia?ani c aiaeioe/ii? oiii? (Iineaa, 1997 ?.), II Iiaeia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioei? «Aeaai?iaeii i ?iaeeinii iaoaee» (Aeiiaoeuee, 1997 ?.); IV
Iiaeia?iaeiie eiioa?aioei? «Aeueyin O?ainac» (Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1997
?.).

Ioaeieaoei?. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii a 10
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo: 6 noaooyo oa 4 oacao aeiiiaiaeae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy aeeeaaeaia ia 154 noi?iieao
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, 5 ?icaeieia, iaaiai?aiiy
?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue, aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaieo eioa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae, yeee aiiuo? 175 iaeiaioaaiue ?iaio aio/eciyieo oa iiicaiieo
aaoi?ia. ?iaioa iinoeoue 38 ?enoieia, 30 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooii iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueiinoue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo
aeineiaeaeaiue oa niiniae ?? aeinyaiaiiy, iieacaia iaoeiaa iiaecia i
i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

Ia?oee ?icaeie aeena?oaoei? i?enay/aiee aiaeico iaoiaeia aecia/aiiy
Oinoi?o oa Aaeith. Iieacaii, ui iniiaiith oi?iith aecia/aiiy ? (V)
?icieie iaoiaeaie ? AIA no?oeoo?e Eaaaiia. Aeei?enoaiiy AIA Aaeith oaei?
no?oeoo?e a aiaeici ia oae ?iciianthaeaeaia, ye aeey Oinoi?o, aea naia
oey oi?ia aeicaiey? naeaeoeaii aecia/aoe Aaeie a i?enooiinoi Iiaeith,
Oaeith, Aethiiiith. Iaaaaeaii eioa?aoo?ii aeaii i?i aieueoo noieeinoue
?iciieiaaiaeieo AIA, iiae iieiaaeaiiaeo.

?icaeyiooi niiniae iiaeaeuaiiy /ooeeainoi aecia/aiiy aeaiaioia o
aeaeyaei AIA. Iaaiai?aii aeei?enoaiiy iiiieo anioeiaoia AIA c
i?aaii/ieie aa?aieeaie, yei iaei ?ic/eiythoueny o aiaei, a oaeiae
aeei?enoaiiy iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei (IA?) o niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiio
aiaeici aeey niethaieicaoei? iaei?ic/eiieo niieoe oa iiaeeoieaoei?
i?aaii/ieo ?aaaaioia.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei iaa?oioiaaiee aeai? aiaeioe/ii? oi?ie aecia/aiiy ?
(V) oa

Ga (III) — oea ?iciieiaaiaei? AIA no?oeoo?e Eaaaiia OIi10W2 O40 n-, aea
O = ?v, Ga 3+. Aaaaeaiiy a eiaaiaeio noa?o AIA iaaaeeei? /anoee
Aieueo?aio cia/ii iiaeaeuo? eiai noieeinoue. Ooai?aiiy OIi10W2 O40 3-
niinoa?iaa?oueny i?aeoe/ii i?e noaoiiiao?e/ieo aiaeiioaiiyo ?aaaaioia
i?e N(?V) = 10 -3 iieue/e, a i?e N(?V) = 10 -5 — 10 -6 iieue/e
aeinoaoiuei o?ee?aoiiai iaaeeeoeo iieiaaeiaieueo?aiaoo.

Aeey aeai?o iioeiaeueieo oiia ooai?aiiy IIA oa AIA aeei?enoaee aaee/eio

Z = [H+] / [MeVI], yea iia’yco? eiioeaio?aoei? i?ioiiia oa iaoaeo
eiaaiaea. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ciaeaeaii cia/aiiy Z ooai?aiiy AIA Oinoi?o
(Z= 1,8) oa IIA (Z=1,15; Z=1,50) niiaiaee c oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaieie i
aiaeiiaiaeathoue AIA ( OIi10W2 O40 3- ) — Z=1,8;

IIA ( Ii7-o Wo O24 6- ) — Z= 1, 15. AIA Oinoi?o noieeee o oe?ieiio
iioa?aaei ?I, ui aoei aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoei iaoiaeee.

Aeaeo?iiii niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy ?ic/eiia AIA aiae?iciythoueny aiae IIA
aieueoith iioaineaiinoth oa iayaiinoth neaaei? nioae iiaeeiaiiy c max
= 310 ii.

O?aoie ?icaeie aeena?oaoei? i?enay/aiee iaaiai?aiith ?acoeueoaoia
aea/aiiy aieeao IIA? ia eiiiiiaioe nenoaie, yea aeineiaeaeo?oueny: AIA —
IA — IIA?; oiaoi aieeao

iaiiiii? IA? ia noai IA i AIA a ?ic/eiao. Oaeiae aeineiiaeueii aea/aia
aca?iiaeiy, yea aiaeaoaa?oueny a oieinoiio ?ic/eii: IIA — IA — IIA?.

Iaie aoee aeei?enoaii iaeaieueo aea/aii oa aeinooiii aa?aieee OOI
?yaeo: e?enoaei/iee oiieaoiaee (EO), iaoeeoiieaoiaee (IO), iaeaoioiaee
caeaiee (I3), a?eeueyioiaee caeaiee (A3). Ca no?oeoo?ith oa
niaeo?ineii?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ?o iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia aea? a?oie: ?
a?oia – IC oa AC,niaeo?e ?o ?ic/ei?a iathoue aea? nioae – aocueeo c
?max =620 ii oa iaio ?ioaineaio oe?ieo nioao c ?max =430 ii (?en. 1
-3, 4 ). ?? a?oia – EO, IO, o niaeo?ao ?o ?ic/ei?a ? iaeia ?ioaineaia
nioaa c ?max =590 ii (?en. 1 — 1,2 ). Ia noai aa?aieeia o aiaeieo
?ic/eiao aieeaa? aaaaoi /eiieeia: eeneioiinoue na?aaeiaeua,
eiioeaio?aoeiy naiiai aa?aieea, oaiia?aoo?a, i?enooiinoue aaeeeeo
i?aaii/ieo iieaeoe, iai?eeeaae IA?. Aeey onoiaiiy anioeiaoei? oa
aeeia?ecaoei? IA iaiaoiaeii i?aoethaaoe c ?ic/eiaie aa?aieeia c
eiioeaio?aoei?th 10 -4 — 10 -3 iieue/e oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaeaeuaio
oaiia?aoo?o.

?en. 1. Niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy ?ic/ei?a IA : ?en. 2. Niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy
?ic/eiia

EO(1), IO(2), IC(3), AC(4). anioeiaoia (IA)3 PMo10W2O40

NIA =1,2 ? 10 –5 iieue/e; ?I = 3; l = 0,5 ci (1, 2); a i?enooiinoi
IIA?: IA-EO (1);

l = 1 ci (3, 4) IO (2); IC(3); AC(4); l = 0,5ci (1 – 4).

Iaeneiaeueiee aeoiae iaeiica?yaeii? oi?ie eaoiiia IA niinoa?iaa?oueny
i?e ?I 3-4, aaaaeaiiy IIA? o ?ic/eie aa?aieeia cnoaa? iioa?aae inioaaiiy
iaeiica?yaeii? oi?ie IA a eeneo iaeanoue. Aiaeaoaa?oueny oea ca ?aooiie
aiae?ioiaieo aca?iiaeie IIA?, yei i?eaiaeyoue aei ciiie no?oeoo?e aiaee
iaaeiei IA, a oaeei /eiii i aei ciiie nooiaith ?o aiae?aoaoei? oa
eeneioii-iniiaieo aeanoeainoae. Aeey niethaieicaoei? iiiieo anioeiaoia
iaiaoiaeii aeiaea?aeoaaoe oaeee ii?yaeie aeiaeaiiy ?aaaaioia: IIA?
aiineee aei ?ic/eio AIA ia?aae aa?aieeii. A ca’yceo c oeei aoa
?icaeyiooee aeea IIA? ia noai AIA a ?ic/eiao.

Aiaeiii, ui a i?enooiinoi eaoiiiia eoaeieo oa eoaeiicaiaeueieo iaoaeia
iaiiiii

IA? aaaeooue naaa ye eaoiiiii. O aeineiaeaeoaaieo ?ic/eiao i?enooii
eaoiiie Na+ e K+, eio?i

ooai?ththoue c IIA? eaoiiie eiiieaenii? IA?, yei anooiathoue o
aca?iiaeith c AIA. Ii?ooaiiy caeiio aaeeoeaiinoi iiaeeiaiiy a niaeo?ao
?ic/eiia ?Ii10W2 O40 3- o aiaenooiinoi i a i?enooiinoi IIA?
iiaeoaa?aeaeo? aca?iiaeith iiae ieie. Aiia?o?iiiee aoaeo ia aeieyioei
niaeo?a 300 — 320 ii aeicaiey? i?eionoeoe eieaeicaoeith aca?iiaei? ia
aoiiao ieneaaio iinoeiaeo ca’yceia Ia — I — Ia (?en.3). Iiaeiaia
aca?iiaeiy aeyaeaia i aeey iieiaaeioinoi?ii? eeneioe(IOE),
i?eionea?oueny, ui ?ieue eaoiiiia iaoaeia aeeiiothoue i?ioiie eeneioe.
Aaaaeaiiy ?ii?a Ia + , Ia 2+ o ?ic/eie IOE iineeth? oeth aca?iiae?th a
?yaeao Na + < K + , Mg 2+ < Ca 2+ (N(Ia n+) = 10 -3 iieue/e). ?en. 3. Niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy ?ic/eiia AIA (1), IIA? (2), AIA – IIAA (3); NAIA = 5•10 -4 iieue/e. Neeaae ooai?aieo niieoe iiaeoaa?aeaeoaaee iaoiaeii iiey?ieo aiaeiioaiue i cnoao ?iaiiaaae. Iieacaii i?e?aeiaiiy o?ueio eaoiiiia eiiieaenii? IA? aei AIA.?aaeoeith ooai?aiiy iiiiiai anioeiaoo, iioneath/e ca?yaee, iiaeia iaaanoe ni?iuaiith noaiith: AIA + n [MeIIAA]= (MeIIAA)nAIA. ?ic?aoiaaia oiiaia eiinoaioa ianoieeinoi oeueiai anioeiaoo ca oi?ioeith lg = nlgCIIAA - lg Ax/(Ai - Ao), aea Ai - iaeneiaeueia iioe/ia aonoeia ia e?eaie iane/aiiy, yea aiaeiiaiaea? iiaiiio ca’ycoaaiith AIA a anioeiao, Ao - iioi/ia aonoeia, i?iii?oeiiiaeueia eiioeaio?aoei? ooai?aiiai anioeiaoo, (Ai - Ao) - ?iaiiaaaeia eiioeaio?aoeiy AIA. Iaeiei c i?eiouaiue ? oa, ui [MeIIAA] = NIIAA. Cia/aiiy iieacieea oiiaii? eiinoaioe iano?eeino? neeaei p = 10,90 + 0,03. Aeaeo?inoaoe/iee oa?aeoa? ca’yceo a oeeo niieoeao iiaeoaa?aeeee ?* niaeo?aie aeae?eaieo anioeiaoia, a yeeo caa??aa?oueny oa?aeoa?enoe/iee o?eieao nioa, iaoiiaeaiee eieeaaiiyie ca’yceia iaoae-ieneaai o AIA, caa?iaa?oueny oaeiae nioaa, yea iaeaaeeoue eieeaaiith ca’yceia ? - I oeaio?aeueiiai aoiia oa nioaa aoi?ieo eieeaaiue IA?. Aca?iiaeith a nenoaii AIA-IIA? iiaeia canoinoaaoe aeey iiaeaeuaiiy /ooeeainoi aecia/aiiy Oinoi?o o aeaeyaei ieeniaiiai iieiaaeioinoaoo ( iiaeaeuo?oueny a 25 ?acia), a oaeiae aecia/aoe IIA? (10 -4 iieue/e). Eaoiiie IA ooai?ththoue c ?IA caaa?aeaii anioeiaoe, aiie iaoiiaeththoue iiaeeiaiiy oieinoeo ?ic/eiia. Aeaieo i?i neeaae, noieeinoue anioeiaoia ?IA-IA oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy a aiaeici iaia?. Oiio aoea aea/aia aca?iiaeiy a nenoaii iieiaaeiaieueo?aiao (MoVI : WVI = 10 : 2) - eaoiii IC o i?enooiinoi IIA?. Iaoiaeii iiey?ieo aiaeiioaiue iieacaii, ui aei ?IA i?e?aeio?oueny oinoue eaoiiiia IC, i neeaae ooai?aiiai anioeiaoo iiaeia caienaoe ye - (IC)6Mo7-xWoO24. Caa?iaaiiy o?iiioi?ii? a?oie IC a anioeiaoi iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ye oa?aeoa?ii aeaeo?iiieo niaeo?ia iiaeeiaiiy ?ic/eiia anioeiaoo a i?enooiinoi IIA?, oae i caa?aaeaiiyi oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo nioa eieeaaiiy IC oa ?IA a ?* niaeo?ao aeaeieaiiai anioeiaoo. Ana oea naiae/eoue i?i aeaeo?inoaoe/iee ca’ycie o oeie niieooei. Ii?iaiyiiy ?* niaeo?ia anioeiaoo ?IA c aiaeiieie a eioa?aoo?i aeey nieae aaioa - oa ieoaiieiaaeaoia oa iieiaaeiaieueo?aiaoia iiaeoaa?aeaeo? ooai?aiiy anioeiaoo IC c aaioaiieiaaeiaieueo?aiaoii. Iieacaii, ui inio? i?yiii?iii?oeiiiaeueia caeaaeiinoue naioeiiiaeeiaiiy anioeiaoo ?IA - IC a i?enooiinoi IIA? aiae eiioeaio?aoei? Aieueo?aio, ui aeicaieeei aia?oa oeth aca?iiaeith canoinoaaoe a aiaeici. Anioeiaoe ?IA - IA - IIA? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaioith noieeinoth a eeneeo na?aaeiaeuao o ii?iaiyiii c iiiieie anioeiaoaie AIA-IA-IIA?. I?e ?I 0,5-1,5 niinoa?iaa?oueny eiai /anoeiaa ?oeioaaiiy, ui i aoei aeei?enoaii aeey ciaioaiiy iiaeeiaiiy oieinoeo ?ic/eiia i?e aecia/aii? Oinoi?o. ?icaeie /aoaa?oee. O oeueiio ?icaeiei iaaaaeaii aeaii i?i aca?iiaeith a nenoaiao AIA – IA. O aiaeieo ?ic/eiao ooai?th?oueny ae?iaiiaeenia?niee inaae anioeiaoo (AIA)nIA, yeee niethaieicothoue iaiiiiith IA?. Iieacaii, ui oaeo noaaieicoth/o aeith i?iyaey? ?yae aeenia?aaoi?ia – aeaeaoei, neioaiiee AEI-10 i AeN-10, iaiiie AO-10,II-10. Eieueeinoue aeenia?aaoi?o i aeiaaio?eaaeinoue eiai aei? aeey eiaeiiai c ieo ?icii. Aeey noaaieicaoei? ?ic/eiia a iniiaiiio aeei?enoiaoaaee neioaiiee AeN-10, AEI-10, eieueeinoue eio?eo iiiiiaeueia , a /an aei? iaeaieueoee. O niaeo?ao iiaeeiaiiy anioeiaoia (IE)3 PMo10W2O40 niinoa?iaa?oueny caa?aaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o niaeo??a aa?aiee?a, iaeiae aeey anioe?ao?a AIA c EO oa IO ia?ii ia?a?iciiae?e ?ioaineaiinoae nioa. Nioaa c max = 540 ii (IO, EO) noa? ?ioaineai?oith ca iniiaio nioao aa?aieea c max = 590 ii (?en. 2 – 1, 2). Iioe?aiiy nioa iiaeeiaiiy a niaeo?ao anioe?ao?a AC oa IC c AIA (?en. 2 – 3, 4) oa ia?a?iciiae?e ?ioaineaiinoae o niaeo?ao anioe?ao?a IO oa EO c AIA iiynith?ii iiaeeeaith aeeia??caoe??th iieaeoe anioe?aoo. Aeieacii oeueiai ? ii??aiyiiy c? niaeo?aie aa?aiee?a IO oa EO (?en. 1 – 1, 2). A ieo i?enooiy iniiaia nioaa max = 590 ii, iaoiiaeaia inoeeeyoe??th ca?yaeo, ? nioaa max = 540 ii, yeo a?aeiinyoue aei aeeia?o IA. Oaeei /eiii niaeo?ineiii/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee anioe?ao?a aecia/athoueny iioe/ieie aeanoeainoyie IA. Aoee iiaeia?aii iioeiaeueii oiiae aeey iaea?aeaiiay anioeiaoia AIA Oinoi?o c oniia aeei?enoaieie aa?aieeaie a i?enooiinoi IIA?. Neeaae anioeiaoia iiaeoaa?aeaeoaaee iaoiaeaie iiey?ieo aiaeiioaiue (?en. 4), cnoao ?iaiiaaae (?en. 5) oa aiia?iiao?e/iei oeo?oaaiiyi ?ic/eiia AIA ?ic/eiaie IA. Ca iaoiaeii cnoao ?iaiiaaae ?ic?aoiaaii oiiai? eiinoaioe ianoieeinoi anioeiaoia (oaaeeoey 1). ?o aaee/eie cia/ii iaioi, iiae a anioeiaoa AIA – IIAA (p =10,90+ 0,03), oiio iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui ?aaeoei? ooai?aiiy anioeiaoia IA - AIA ia?aaiaathoue ca iaoaiiciii caiiuaiiy: (IaIIA?)3 AIA + 30A+ = (IA)3 AIA + 3 (IaIIA?)+ I?e?aeiaiiy eaoiiiia i?aaii/ieo iniia a?aeaoaa?oueny nooiii/anoi: nii/aoeo i?e?aeio?oueny aeaa eaoiiia, iioii o?aoie. ?en. 4. Caeaaeiinoue iiaeeiaiiy ?ic/eiia ?en. 5. Caeaaeiinoue lg (Ax/(Ao - Ax)) anioeiaoa aiae eiioeaio?aoei? IA (IO), aiae lg CIA (IA-IO), C(Pv)= 3,9 • 10-6 iieue/e (1); C(Pv)= 3,9 • 10-6 iieue/e (1); C(Pv)= 5,2 • 10-6 iieue/e (2); C(Pv) = 5,2 • 10-6 iieue/e (2); C(Pv)= 7,8 • 10-6 iieue/e (3). C(Pv) = 7,8 • 10-6 iieue/e (3). Oaaeeoey 1. Caeaaeiinoue noieeinoi anioeiaoia (IA)n AIA aiae ca?yaeo AIA oa ia?aiao?ia aeaeo?iiii? aoaeiae aa?aieeia. Niieoea p Ca?yae AIA(-)Aaee/eia aeeiieue-iiai iiiaioo IA NIA+(EO)5Ga Ii10W2I4024,91 + 0,2956,9860,191(EO) 3P Ii10W2I4015,92 + 0,0936,9860,191(IO)3P Ii10W2I4015,72 + 0,0836,9740,201(IC) 3P Ii10W2I4014,86 + 0,1034,9360,176(AC) 3P Ii10W2I4013,89 + 0,1132,2690,125 ?ic?aoiaaii aoaeoeaii iiey?ii eiaoioei?ioe iiaeeiaiiy iiiieo anioeiaoia (IA)3 PIi10 W 2I40. Aiaeiioaiiy anioe: IA aeecueea aei o?ueio, oiaoi iiaeeiaiiy anioeiaoo aecia/a?oueny /eneii IA, yei i?e?aeiothoueny aei AIA. Oei aeaii oaeiae iiaeoaa?aeaeothoue neeaae anioeiaoia (oaaeeoey 2). Aiaeoeeaiiy oeueiai aiaeiioaiiy aiae o?ueio aeey AC i IC iia'ycaia c iaioith noieeinoth ?o anioeiaoia. Oaaeeoey 2. Aeaii aeey ?ic?aooieo iiey?ieo ei?oioei?ioia iiaeeiaiiy anioeiaoia oa IA N IA = 1,8 ? 10-5 iieue/e, N anioe. = 5,2 ? 10-6 iieue/e, l = 1 ni. NiieoeaA IAA anioe.IA anioe anioe. / IA(EO) 3P Ii10W2I400,750,6542 000125 0002,98(IO)3P Ii10W2I400,630,5235 000100 0002,86(IC) 3P Ii10W2I400,500,4028 00077 0002,75(AC) 3P Ii10W2I400,410,3123 00060 0002,61 Iieiaaeiaieueo?aiiaaeao Ga Ii10W2I405- a i?enooiinoi IIA? oaae ooai?th? anioeiao c EO, niaeo?e eiai ?ic/eiia aiaeiai/ii niaeo?ai ?ic/eiia anioeiaoia (EO) 3 P Ii10W2I40. Neeaae anioeiaoo aiaeiiaiaea? ca?yaeo AIA - (EO) 5 Ga Ii10W2I40. Canoiniaoaaoe oeth ?aaeoeith aeey aecia/aiiy Aaeith ia aeioeieueii, ai aeey ooai?aiiy AIA Aaeith iaiaoiaeiee aaeeeee iaaeeeoie eiaaiaeo (100 –150 -e?aoiee), a oea i?eaaaea aei aaeeei? iioe/ii? aonoeie oieinoeo ?ic/eiia. Aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaaeeeoeo iieiaaeiaieueo?aiaoo ic ?ic/eiia canoinoaaee naeaeoeaio aeno?aeoeith AIA Aaeith iaoeeiciaooeeeaoiiii (IIAE). Iaie aoei cai?iiiiiaaii iaea?aeoaaoe anioeiao AIA Aaeith aaciinaaea?iuei a i?aaii/iie oaci (iiney aiaeie?aieaiiy iaaeeeoeo eiaaiaeo), oeioiaaiee ia iaaei i?aaii/ii? oa aiaeii? oac anioe?ao ?ic/eiyee aeiaeaaaiiyi aoeaoiio. Oa?aeoa? niaeo?ia anioeiaoia caa?iaa?oueny i a i?aaii/iie oaci. Iaaeeeoie aa?aieea aeaeaeyee i?iieaaiiyi i?aaii/ii? oace 2I ?ic/eiii I2SO4. Oaeei /eiii iiaeeiaiiy oieinoiai ?ic/eio caaaeaia aei iiaeeiaiiy i?aaii/ieo ?ic/eiieeia. Neeaae anioeiaoo (EO) 5 Ga Ii10W2I40 caa?iaa?oueny a i?aaii/iiio na?aaeiaeui. Ioeiiaia eiai oiiaia eiinoaioa ianoieeinoi (oaae. 1). Iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoue oa aeaeo?inoaoe/iee oa?aeoa? aca?iiaei? i?e ooai?aiii anioe?aoia (IA) n AIA iiaeoaa?aeaeaii I* niaeo?ineiii?th (oaae. 3). A ?* niaeo?ao caa?iaathoueny o?e iniiaii nioae eieeaaiue iieaeoee IA, o?eieao nioa eieeaaiue ca'yceia iaoae-ieneaai oa oeaio?aeueiiai aoiia a AIA. Oaaeeoey 3. A?aeianaiiy nioa a ?* – niaeo?ao (IA)n AIA. Niieoea???ni –1ON-ON–O?-IIa=IIa-I-IaGa-O?EO?159013671190 1176(OAA)3?Ii10W2O401068962884, 804? (IO)3?Ii10W2O401596137211761064964884, 800? (IC)3?Ii10W2O401592137211721068964880, 804? (EO)3?Ii10W2O401594137411741064962880, 802(AC)3?Ii10W2O40159011721069964880, 806(OAA)5GaIi10W2O40940870, 778550, 452(KO)5GaIi10W2O4015881172944872, 775554, 455 I?ei?oea: O – oai?eueia a?oia, N – oeaio?aeueiee aoii aoaeaoeth; ???* – niaeo?e ?a?no?oaaee a oaaeaoeao EBr. Iaaaaeaii a oaae. 1 aaee/eie p anioeiaoia naiae/aoue i?i ?o caeaaeiinoue aiae i?e?iaee AIA. Aieea i?e?iaee IA ia noieeinoue anioeiaoia ioeiithaaee ca ?o aeaeo?iiieie ia?aiao?aie, yei iaea?aeaee c eaaioiai-oiii/ieo ?ic?aooieia eaoiiiia IA ca i?ia?aiith Hyper Cham. Noieeinoue anioeiaoia ei?aeth? c aaee/eiaie noia?iiai aeeiieueiiai iiiaioo. Aeyaeaii caeaaeiinoi naiae/aoue i?i aeeaae iii-aeeiieueii? aca?iiaei? ii?yae c aeaeo?inoaoe/iith i?e ooai?aiii anioeiaoia IA - AIA. Oei aeaii aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe oiiiei-aiaeioe/i? aeanoeainoi iiaeo niieoe. O i’yoiio ?icaeiei iaaaaeaii ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee niaeoioioiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiay Oinoi?o, Aaeith oa Aieueo?aio, yei a?oioothoueny ia aea/aieo ?aaeoeiyo. ?ic?iaeaii i?inoi, /ooeeai oa aeni?anii iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy Oinoi?o o aeaeyaei iiiieo anioeiaoia (IA)3PIi10W2I40 (IA = EO, IO, IC, AC) o i?enooiinoi IIA?. Ciaeaeaii iioeiaeueii oiiae iaeneiaeueiiai aeoiaeo anioeiaoo i iiiiiaeueiiai iiaeeiaiiy oieinoiai ?ic/eio /a?ac aa?ithaaiiy ?I aeey eiaeiiai aa?aieea. Niianoaaeaiiy ?iaiyiue a?aaeothaaeueieo a?aoieia iieaco?, ui /ooeeainoue aecia/aiiy Oinoi?o ciaioo?oueny a ?yaeo EO>IO>IC>AC, yeee ei?aeth? c? noieeinoth anioeiaoia (oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4.

*ooeeainoue aecia/aiiy ?(V) o aeaeyaei anioeiaoia (IA)3PIi10W2I40 a
i?enooiinoi IIA?.

Aiaeioe/ia oi?iaao. ?ia.N i, iea/ie(EO) 3P Ii10W2I40125 000105
0000,008(IO)3P Ii10W2I40100 00080 0000,012(IC) 3P Ii10W2I4077 00070
0000,016(AC) 3P Ii10W2I4060 00037 0000,030

Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ?(V) aeineoue naeaeoeaii — ia caaaaeathoue: Si
(IV) — 1 : 100; Ni2+, Co2+-

1 : 100; Fe 3+, Cr 3+- 1: 30. Cia/iee aieea /eieoue As (V), yeee
ooai?th? aiaeiai/iee AIA a oiiaao aecia/aiiy ?(V). Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy
?(V) c EO oa IO aoee ii?iaiaaii i?e aiaeic? i?iieaieo aiae aaii
oinoaooaaiiy oa aiaeii? aeoyaeee a?oioo. I?aaeeueiinoue iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoaoia ia?aai?aia niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iith iaoiaeeeith c
canoinoaaiiyi aiaeiiaeaiiai anei?aiiiaith eeneioith iieiaaeioinoaoo
(oaae. 5)

Oaaeeoey 5.

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy ?(V) a i?iieaieo aiaeao aaii oinoaooaaiiy.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea

(n=18)Aeueoa?iaoeaia iaoiaeeea

(n=12)Ciaeaeaii,

?O + Ae )•10-4 iieue/e

S • 10-4

SrCiaeaeaii,

?O + Ae ) •10-4 iieue/e

S • 10-4

Sr

0,995 + 0,011

0,023

0,02

1,000 + 0,030

0,050

0,05

?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeaii ca aeaiia iaoiaeeeaie, ii?iaiyii ca e?eoa?iyie
Nouethaeaioa i Oioa?a, oa ioeiiai?, ye aaee/eie iaeii?? aeai?ee; e?aua
aiaeoai?thaaiinoue oa?aeoa?eco? cai?iiiiiaaio iaoiaeeeo.

Anioeiao (IC) 6 Ii7-oWoO40 ye aiaeioe/ia oi?ia canoiniaaiee iaie aia?oa
aeey aecia/aiiy iaeeo aiinoia W(VI) (10 -5 — 10 -6 iieue/e) o
iieiaaeaiiaeo iao?eoeyo

(WVI : IiVI aiae 1 : 5 aei 1 : 100).

Oey iaoiaeeea ia?aai?aia ia c?aceao iieiaaeieiaaeueoiaiai eaoaeicaoi?a
iaoiaeii aeiaeaoeia (oaae.6). Iieacaia aiaenooiinoue Aieueo?aio a
oeueiio iaoa?iaei.

Oaaeeoey 6.

Aecia/aiiy Aieueo?aio (V?) o iie?aaeieiaaeueoiaiio eaoae?caoi?? iaoiaeii
aeiaeaoe?a ;

n = 5, P = 0, 95.

Aaaaeaii

W(VI), %SCiaeaeaii W(VI),

( x + ?), %Sr0,740,0180,750 + 0,0220,0241,500,0341,504 + 0,0420,023

?aaeoeiy ooai?aiiy anioeiaoo (EO) 5 Ga Ii10W2I40 a i?aaii/iie oaci
(I?AE) iiney aiaeie?aieaiiy eiai aiae iaaeeeoeo iieiaaeiaieueo?aiaoo
aeicaieeea ?ic?iaeoe naeaeoeaio aeno?aeoeieii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/io
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy Aaeith. Aecia/aiith Ga (III) ia caaaaeathoue Al 3+
(1 : 100), In 3+ (1 : 500), OI 3+ (1 : 500).

Aieea ?(V), As (V), Si (IV) onoaa?oueny iiia?aaeiueith aeno?aeoei?th ?o
o aeaeyaei

O Ii10W2I40 m-, ai ?o ooai?aiiy aiaeaoaa?oueny aac iaa?iaaiiy ia
aiaeiiio aiae AIA Aaeith. *ooeeainoue aecia/aiiy Ga (III) — 0,05 iea/ie.
Iaoiaeeeo ia?aai?aii ia ?ic/eiao-iiioaioao nieaaia aaeie-?iaeie (oaae.
7).

Oaaeeoey 7.

Aecia/aiiy Aaeith a iiaeaeueieo ?ic/eiao iiaeie-aaei?aeo nieaaia; ? =
0,95; n= 5.

u%,ai?no Aae?th(???)SCiaeaeaii o + Ae,%Sr0,0500,0050,054 +
0,0060,090,1000,0060,100 + 0,0070,060,1750,0120,171 + 0,0140,07

Cia/iee aiia?o?iiiee aoaeo i?e 300-320 ii a niaeo?ao PIi10W2I40 3- oa

I3P Ii12I40 a i?enooiinoi IIA? i eaoiiiia E +, Na + iiaea aooe
canoiniaaiee aeey iiaeaeuaiiy /ooeeainoi aecia/aiiy ?(V) o aeaeyaei
ieeniaieo AIA, iiey?iee ei?o?oe??io

iiaeeiaiiy i?aeaeuo?oueny o 25 ?acia i?e max = 320 ii(oie = 300 ii, oie
+ IIAA = 7500)

ui iiaea aooe oaeiae aeei?enoaii aeey aeni?aniiai aecia/aiiy IIA?.

Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ? (V) a i?iieaieo aiaeao aaii oinoaooaaiiy
ai?iaaaeaeaia a i?aeoeeo eaai?aoi?i? ioi?iie aeiaeieey AAO
“Ieaeiueiaeiii?ianueeiai o?oaii?ieaoiiai caaiaeo” i. Aeiii?iiao?ianueea.

AENIIAEE

1. I?iaaaeaia anaai/ia aea/aiiy i?ioeania, yei aiaeaoaathoueny o
?ic/eiao aaoa?iiieiaiiii-i?aaii/iee aa?aiee, iciiieiaiiii-i?aaii/iee
aa?aiee o i?enooiinoi iaiiiii? IA?. Aeyaeaia ?ieue IIA? a oeeo nenoaiao
oa iieacaia iiaeeeainoue ?o canoinoaaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy oeaio?aeueiiai
aoiia (oe.a.) oa iaoaeo eiaaiaeo.

2. Aia?oa aea/aia aca?iiaeiy iieiaaeiaieueo?aiiaiai ?IA (IiVI : WVI = 10
: 2) c aa?aieeii IC o i?enooiinoi IIA?. Aeieacaii ooai?aiiy anioeiaoo
(IC) 6 Ii7-oWoO24 i iiaeeeainoue eiai canoinoaaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy
Aieueo?aio ia oiii aaeeeeo eieueeinoae Iieiaaeaio.

3. Iieacaia iayaiinoue aca?iiaei? AIA c eaoiiiiei eiiieaeniei IA? (AIA —
P Ii12I40 3- , PIi10W2I40 3- ). Anoaiiaeaiee neeaae iiaeo niieoe,
ioeiiaia ?o noieeinoue oa iiaeeeainoue canoinoaaiiy aeey iiaeaeuaiiy
/ooeeainoi aecia/aiiay Oinoi?o oa IIA?.

4. Ciaeaeaii iioeiaeueii oiiae ooai?aiiy anioeiaoia (IA) n O Ii10W2I40
(IA — IC, AC, EO, IO; O = P (V), Ga 3+) o i?enooiinoi iaiiii? IA? oa
aeey anioeiaoo c oe.a. Ga 3+ a i?aaii/iiio ?ic/eiieeo (I?AE).
Anoaiiaeaiee neeaae, ioeiiaia noieeinoue. Aeyaeaii caeiiiii?iinoi ciiie
?o noieeinoi caeaaeii aiae ca?yaeo AIA, iaaeeeoeiaeo ca?yaeia ia
aeoeaiiio aoiii i?o?iaaio i aeeiieueieo iiiaioia eaoiiio IA, ui
aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe aeanoeaino? iiaeo anioeiaoia (IA) n AIA.

5. Iaoiaeaie OO, aeaeeii? oa ?*-niaeo?ineiii? iiaeoaa?aeaeaii
iiaeiaiaeoaeueiinoue anioeiaoia oa ia?aaaaeii aeaeo?inoaoe/iee oa?aeoa?
aca?iiaei? /anoeiie i?e ?o ooai?aiii.

6. ?ic?iaeaii i?inoi oa /ooeeai iaoiaeeee niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai
aecia/aiiy P (V)

(C i = 0,008 — 0,03 iea/ie) o aeaeyaei iiiieo anioe?aoia (IA) nAIA a
i?enooiinoi iaiiiii? IA? (IA = IC, AC, EO, IO).

Cai?iiiiiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? canoinoaaiiy aa?aieeia oeueiai ?yaeo
caeaaeii aiae aiinoo Oinoi?o. Iaoiaeeee ai?iaiaaii ia ?aaeueieo c?aceao:
i?iieaieo aiaeao aaii oinoaooaaiiy oa c?aceao a?oioo (Sr ia ia?aaeuo?
0,04).

?ic?iaeaia niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy Aieueo?aio o
iieiaaeaiiaeo iao?eoeyo o aeaeyaei (IC) 6 Ii7-oWoO24, yea ia?aai?aia i?e
aiaeici iieiaaeieiaaeueoiaiai eaoaeicaoi?a.

7. Cai?iiiiiaaia aenieinaeaeoeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiay Aaeith o
aeaeyaei anioeiaoia

(EO) 5 Ga Ii10W2I40 c iiia?aaeiii aiaeie?aieaiiyi iaaeeeoeo eiaaiaeo oa
iiiia, yei caaaaeathoue aecia/aiith (P(V), As(V), Si(IV)),
aeno?aeoei?th. Iaoiaeeea ai?iaiaaia i?e aiae?c? iiaeaeueieo ?ic/ei?a
nieaaia Ga — In, C i = 0,05 iea/ie.

Iniiaiee ciino aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeaii a ?iaioao:

1. Aaeoee/ A. I., Oeuaaiie E. I., Aeoieeei A. A. Ii?aaeaeaiea
iee?ieiee/anoa oinoi?a ii ?aaeoeee iieeaaeioinoi?iuo AIE n
o?eoaieeiaoaiiauie e?aneoaeyie e IIAA// Oe?. oei. aeo?i. — 1998. — O.
64, ? 8- n. 53-56.

2. Aaeoee/ A. I., Oeuaaiie E. I., Aeoieeei A. A.
Niaeo?i-oioiiao?ee/aneia ii?aaeaeaiea ieceeo eiioeaio?aoeee oinoi?a a
i?iiuoeaiiuo noi/iuo aiaeao // Oeiey e oei. oaoiieiaey aiaeu. — 1998. —
O. 20, ? 6 — n.604-607.

3. Aaeoee/ A. I., Oeuaaiie E. I., Aeoieeei A. A. Annioeeao
12-iieeaaeioinoaoa n e?aneoaeai iaeaoeoiaui caeaiui a i?enoonoaee IIAA —
aiaeeoe/aneay oi?ia aeey ii?aaeaeaiey oinoi?a// Ainiee AeAeO. Na?iy
oiii/ia. — 1998. — ? 2. — n.69-73.

4. Aaeoee/ A. I., Oeuaaiie E. I., Aeoieeei A. A. Acaeiiaeaenoaea a
nenoaia Ii (VI) –

W (VI) — e?aneoaeue iaeaoeoiaue caeaiue — IIAA e aai eniieueciaaiea a
aiaeeca// Ainiee AeAeO. Na?iy oiii/ia. — 1998. — ? 2. — n.43-45.

5. Oeeaaiie E.I., Aaeoei/ A.I., Iaeueoeaaa A.A., Aeaniaa I.A. Aca?iiaei?
o nenoaii aaoa?iiieiaiiii — iniiaiee aa?aiee — iaiiiiiaaia IA?// Ainiee
AeAeO. Na?iy oiii/ia. -1998.- ?3. – n. 55-58.

6. Ii?aaeaeaiea aieueo?aia a iieeaaeaiiniaea?aeaueo iao?eoeao ii
?aaeoeee iieeaaeiaieueo?aiaoia n iaeaoeoiaui caeaiui/ Oeuaaiie E.A.,
Aeoieeei A.A., Aaeoee/ A.I., Oa?thiiaa E.A.; AeAO. — Aeiai?iiao?iane,
1997. — 10 n. — ?on. — Aeai. A AIOA Oe?aeiu 20.10.97, ? 524 — Oe 97//
Aiio. A ?AE «Aeaiiiiaaii iaoeiai ?iaioe», ?1, 1998.

7. Eieueoeiaa A.A., Aaeoee/ A.I., Aeoieeei A.A., Oeuaaiie E.I.
Ii?aaeaeaiea aieueo?aia e aaeeey a aeaea eci- e aaoa?iiieeeiiieaenia //
Oac. Aeiee. 2 Iaaeae. eiio. «Aeaai?iaeiua e ?aaeeea iaoaeeu». —
Aeiiaoee, 1997. — /.I. — N. 44.

8. Tsiganok L.P., Tkach V.I., Vishnikin A.B., Maltseva G.V., Glyghova
O.I., Karandeeva N.I., Vaculich A.N., Koltsova E.G. Perspectives of
using the Keggin HPA in analysis// Abstr. of. Int. Congress on
Analytical Chemistry. — Moscow, 1997. — V. 1. — P. G — 59.

9. Aaeoee/ A.I., Eieueoeiaa A.A., Aeoieeei A.A., Oeuaaiie E.I.
I?eiaiaiea AIE a aiaeeca e i/enoea iauaeoia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu//
Iaoa?eaeu IV Iaaeae. eiio. «O?aioeiy oa Oe?a?ia, iaoeiaii?aeoe/iee
aeinaiae o eiioaenoi aeiaeiao iaoeiiiaeueieo eoeueoo?». —
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1997. — o. II. — /. II. — N. 87.

10. Aeoiieii A.A., Oeeaaiie E.I., Eieueoeiaa I.A., Aaeoei/ A.I.,
Aeoiieiia I.A., Nieieiaa I.A. Aaoa?iiieiaiiiie — aiae?oe/ii oi?ie
aecia/aiiy aeaiaioia; iioeiicaoeiy oiiiei — aiaeioe/ieo ia?aiao?ia//
Oace aeii. ia Anaoe?. eiio. c aiaeia. xiii?. — Oaeai?iae,

1998.-N. 143.

Aaeoei/ A.I. ?aaeoei? ?iciieiaaiaeieo ici- oa aaoa?iiieieiiieaenia c
o?eoaiieiaoaiiaeie aa?aieeaie i iaiiiieie iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieie
?a/iaeiaie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oiii/ieo iaoe ca
niaoeiaeueiinoth 02.00.02 — aiaeioe/ia oiiiy. — Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
oiiiei-oaoiieiai/iee oiiaa?neoao, Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoeith i?enay/aii anaai/iiio aeineiaeaeaiith aieeao i ?iei
iaiiiii? IA? o ?aaeoeiyo ooai?aiiy iiiieo anioeiaoia aaoa?iiieiaiiii —
i?aaii/iee aa?aiee, iciiieiaiiii — i?aaii/iee aa?aiee, aeyaeaii
caeiiiii?iinoi ciiie ?o oiiiei-aiaeioe/ieo aeanoeainoae. Aia?oa aea/aia
aca?iiaeiy iie?aaeiaieueo?aiiaeo ?ciiie?ai?ii?a c aa?aieeaie a
i?enooiino? ia?iiii? IA? oa aaoa?iiieiaiiii?a c eaoiiiiith eiiieaeniith
IA?. Aea/ai? iiia?aaei? nenoaie aeicaieeee iiynieoe ia?aa?a ?aaeoe?e o
?ic/eiao AIA – i?aai?/iee aa?aiee – IIA?. Aecia/aii neeaae, oiiaii
eiinoaioe ianoieeinoi aea/aieo anioeiaoia, aeyaeaii caeiiiii?iinoi ciiie
?o noieeinoi caeaaeii aiae ca?yaeo aaoa?iiieiaiiiia oa aeaeo?iiieo
ia?aiao?ia i?aaii/iiai aa?aieea. Iaea?aeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoaii aeey
?ic?iaee niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieo iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy Aaeith, Oinoi?o oa
Aieueo?aio a ?icieo ia’?eoao. Iniiaiith ia?aaaaith iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy
Oinoi?o ? aeniea /ooeeainoue (0,008 iae/ie), onoiaiiy iaiaoiaeiinoi
aeei?enoiaoaaoe oiene/ii i?aaii/ii ?ic/eiieee, i?inoioa oa aeni?aniinoue
aeeiiaiiy, Aaeith — aeniea naeaeoeaiinoue i /ooeeainoue (0,05 iea/ie).
Aia?oa ?aaeoeiy ooai?aiiy anioeiaoo iciiieiaiiii-i?aaii/iee aa?aiee o
i?enooiino? IIA? aeei?enoaia aeey aecia/aiiy Aieueo?aio o iieiaaeaiiaeo
iao?eoeyo.

Eeth/iai neiaa: aaoa?iiieiaiiii, iiiiee anioeiao, Oinoi?, Aaeie,
Aieueo?ai, aeno?aeoeiy, iaoae eiaaiae, oeaio?aeueiee aoii,
niaeo?ioioiiao??y.

Vakylich A.N. The reaction of diferent ligand isi- and
heteropolycomplexes with threephenilmethan’s dyes and anionic
surface-active substances. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree of chemistry by speciality 02.00.02 –
analytical chemistry. – Ukrainian State Chemical Technological
University, Dniepropetrovsk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted thorough investigation of the influence and
role of anionic SAS of the forming the associates of iso- and
heteropolyanion with organic dyes. The regularities of changing of the
chemical — analytical properties of associates and the reaction of HPA
with complex cation’s SAS are stadied.

Composition and stability constant’s of associates are determinated and
the regularity of changing stability of them from the HPA charge and
electronic parameters of organic dyes was found. The spectrophotometric
methodes of determinating of the Phosphorus, Tungstan, Gallium in
differend objects are worked out.

The advantage of recomended metodes for P (V) is high selectivity –
0,008 mkg/ml, remove of the using of toxic organic solvent, easy and
express. The reaction of the forming associate isopolyanion — organic
dye are used for determinationg of Tungstaion in Molubdenun — matrix at
first.

Key words: heteropolyanions, ionic associate, Phosphorus, Tungstan,
Gallium excraction, metal ligangs, central atom, spectrophotometry.

Aaeoee/ A.I. ?aaeoeee ?aciieeaaiaeiuo eci- e aaoa?iiieeeiiieaenia n
o?eoaieeiaoaiiauie e?aneoaeyie e iaeiiiuie iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuie
aauanoaaie. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 02.00.02 – aiaeeoe/aneay oeiey. – Oe?aeineee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oeieei-oaoiieiae/aneee oieaa?neoao, Aeiai?iiao?iane,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth ?aaeoeee ia?aciaaiey ie?aoaiiuo
annioeeaoia iieeaaeiaieueo?aiiauo AIA oinoi?a (V) e aaeeey (III) n
e?aneoaeyie OOI ?yaea (EO, IO, IC, AC) a i?enoonoaee iaeiiiuo IAA e
?ac?aaioea i?inouo, /oanoaeoaeueiuo, naeaeoeaiuo iaoiaeee ii?aaeaeaiey
oinoi?a e aaeeey a ?acee/iuo iauaeoao.

Aia?aua aeaoaeueii eco/aii e eniieueciaaii a aiaeeca acaeiiaeaenoaea
iieeaaeiaieueo?aiiauo EIA (MoVI : WVI =10:2) n i?aaie/aneeie e?aneoaeyie
a i?enoonoaee IIAA. N iiiiuueth yeaeo?iiiuo e EE-niaeo?ia iieacaii
ia?aciaaiea niaaeeiaiee

(IE)6Ii7-oWxO24(OK=M3).

Iieacaii ia?aciaaiea iiauo niaaeeiaiee ? annioeeaoia AIA (PMo12O40 3-,
PMo10W2O40 3-) c IIAA a i?enoonoaee eaoeiiia (Na+, E+) e I+.
Aeia?o?iiiue yooaeo a iaeanoe 300 — 320 ii iicaieyao i?aaeiieiaeeoue
eieaeecaoeeth acaeiiaeaenoaey ia aoiiao eenei?iaea iinoeeiauo naycae
Ia-I-Ia. Ii?aaeaeai ninoaa, ioeaiaia oneiaiay eiinoaioa ianoieeinoe
annioeeaoia.

Iaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua oneiaey ia?aciaaiey annioeeaoia (IE)3 PMo10W2O40 e
(IE)5Ga Mo10W2O40 a i?enoonoaee IIAA, ii?aaeaeai ninoaa, ana
niaaeeiaiey eaeaioeoeoee?iaaiu iaoiaeii EE-niaeo?ineiiee, iieacaii
nio?aiaiea o?iiioi?iie nenoaiu IE e iniiaiuo iiein AIA. Yoi ia?yaeo n
oa?aeoa?ii yeaeo?iiiuo ni?aeo?ia ?anoai?ia annioeeaoia iiaeoaa?aeaeaao
i?aeiouanoaaiii yeaeo?inoaoe/aneia acaeiiaeaenoaea i?e eo ia?aciaaiee.
Auyaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe eciaiaiey eo onoie/eainoe a caaeneiinoe io
ca?yaea AIA, noiia?iiai aeeiieueiiai iiiaioa eaoeiia e?aneoaey,
iieiaeeoaeueiiai ca?yaea ia aeoeaiii aoiia acioa (eaaioiai-oeie/aneea
?an/aou eaoeiiia OOI e?aneoaeae). Yoe caeiiiia?iinoe iicaieytho
i?iaiice?iaaoue naienoaa iiauo annioeeaoia (IE)n AIA a i?enoonoaee IIAA
ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca naienoa enoiaeiuo eiiiiiaioia: ca?yaea AIA,
yeaeo?iiiuo ia?aiao?ia IE.

?ann/eoaiu yooaeoeaiua iiey?iua eiyooeoeeaiou iiaeiuaiey eiiiuo
annioeeaoia (IE)3?Ii10W2I40. Ioiioaiea iiey?iuo eiyooeoeeaioia
iiaeiuaiey eiiiuo annioeeaoia e i?aaie/aneeo e?aneoaeae aeecei e o?ai,
o. a. iiey?iua eiyooeoeeaiou iiaeiuaiey eiiiuo annioeeaoia
ii?aaeaeythony /eneii i?eniaaeeiaiiuo eaoeiiia e?aneoaey e iiey?iui
eiyooeoeeaioii iiaeiuaiey eiiiuo annioeeaoia IE. A yoi oaeaea
iiaeoaaaeaeaao ninoaa annioeeaoa (IE)3?Ii10W2I40.

I?aaeeiaeai iiaue aa?eaio iieo/aiey annioeeaoa (IE)5Ga Mo10W2O40 :
naeaeoeaiay yeno?aeoeey AIA, iicaieythuay ioaeaeeoue aai io ecauoea
eeaaiaea; ia?aciaaiea annioeeaoa i?ienoiaeeo iaiin?aaenoaaiii a
i?aaie/aneie oaca.

N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec eco/aiiuo nenoai AIA oinoi?a(V) e aaeeey(???) – IE
– IIAA iicaieyao naeaeaoue auaiae i aiciiaeiinoe eo i?eiaiaiey a aiaeeca
a neo/aa aeinoaoi/iie onoie/eainoe AIA (ecauoie eeaaiaea — ia aieaa 10 –
e?aoiiai).

Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua e auyaeaiiua caeiiiia?iinoe eniieueciaaiu aeey
?ac?aaioee i?inouo, naeaeoeaiuo, /oanoaeoaeueiuo iaoiaeee ii?aaeaeaiey
aaeeey (III), oinoi?a (V) a ?acee/iuo iauaeoao: i?iiuoeaiiuo aiaeao,
ii/aao, nieaaao; a oaeaea aeey ii?aaeaeaiey IIAA a aiaea. Iniiaiui
aeinoieinoaii iaoiaeee ii?aaeaeaiey oinoi?a (V) yaeythony aunieay
/oanoaeoaeueiinoue (0,008 iea/ie), ono?aiaiea oiene/iuo i?aaie/aneeo
?anoai?eoaeae, i?inoioa auiieiaiey; aaeeey (III) — aunieay
naeaeoeaiinoue e /oanoaeoaeueiinoue (0,05 iea/ie). Aia?aua eniieueciaaia
?aaeoeey ia?aciaaiey annioeeaoa (IE)6Ii7-oWxO24 aeey ii?aaeaeaiey
aieueo?aia a iieeaaeaiiaie iao?eoea.

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