Психози з переважною патологією афективної сфери у дітей і підлітків з церебральною резидуально-органічною недостатністю (клініка, діагностика, медико

AeIIAANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss

AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

EOCIAOeIA Na?a?e Aai?a?eiae/

OAeE 697.134

OI?IOAAIIss OA?EOI??? CAAOAeIAE

C O?AOOAAIIssI AA?IAeEIAI?*IEO OA?AEOA?ENOEE

AENIOIIAI AOAeEIEO

05.23.01 – Aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??, aoae?ae? oa nii?oaee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iae??aea – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaanuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e (AeAeAAA) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Oeiio??a Ieeiea
Aaneeueiae/, Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e, eaoaae?a a?o?oaeoo?e, naeoe?y a?o?oaeoo?e i?iieneiaeo oa
oeea?eueieo aoae?aaeue.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eacaeaae/ Ieoaeei
?naaeiae/, Aei?i?iiao?ianue-eee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
cae?cie/-iiai o?ainii?oo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iino?a (i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee);

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aaaeo/ee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Ieeeoa?aiei
Ieoaeei Ieaen?eiae/, AAO “Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
“I?iaeonoaeueeiino?oeoe?y”, a?aeae?e ?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a oa i?ia?ai (i. Ee?a).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? TH??y Eiiae?aothea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
a?o?oaeoo?e aoae?aaeue ? i?noi-aoaeoaaiiy (i. Iieoaaa).

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “29” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 12.085.01 o Aeiiaanuee?e
aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith: 339023,
Aeiiaoeueea iae., i. Iae??aea, aoe. Aea?aeaa?ia, 2, I iaa/aeueiee
ei?ion, Cae can?aeaiue.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaanuee?e
aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “29” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oaoi. iaoe, aeioeaio N.I. Oaiiaaeia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aenioi? aoaeeiee aeei?enoiaothoueny a
i?noiaoae?aieoeoa? ye aeoeaioe, ui aeoeaii oi?iothoue aeaeyae aeeei?
caaoaeiae, a oaeiae neoaeaoue caniaii ou?eueiaiiy ?nioth/i?. Inoaii?
coiiaeaia oei, ui a i?no? a?aeaoaa?oueny iino?eia c?inoaiiy aa?oino?
caie?. Aenioi? aoaeeiee c oeueiai i?eaiaeo ? iiceoeaiei oaeoi?ii. C
?ioiai aieo, aiie ??cei ci?iththoue iia?o?yiee iio?e, ui aeeeeea? ?yae
iaaaoeaieo yaeu.

Oea iia’ycaia c iiyaith cii i?aeaeuaieo oaeaeeinoae o i?ecaii?e cii?
(a?ey 2 i iaae caieath, ??aaiue i?oioiae?a), iaaeeeoeiaiai oeneo ia
aa?oi?o iiaa?oao aoaeeie?a, iecueei/anoioieo eieeaaiue ? o.?. Aenie?
oaeaeeino? a?o?o, ui aeieeathoue iaaeiei aenioii? caaoaeiae, iniaeeai
i?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao, iani?eyoeeai aieeaathoue ia ethaeeio, a a
aeayeeo aeiaaeeao ? iaaacia/ieie. Ia aa?oi?o iiaa?oao aenioiiai aoaeeieo
aeieeathoue iaeiioi?oi? oiiae /a?ac oaieiao?aoe, ui aeeeeeai?
?io?eueo?aoe??th iia?o?y /a?ac iai?iaeaeoth/? eiino?oeoe??. A?ae
?icoaooaaiiy aenioiiai aoaeeieo a caaoaeia? caeaaeeoue nooi?iue oeeo
iaaaoeaieo yaeu. Iaa?aooaaiiy icia/aieo oaeoi??a i?aeoe/ii caiaeeoue
iai?aaoeue icia/ai? aeua aeinoi?inoaa aenioieo aoaeeie?a.

Ioaea iaaaoeaiee aeina?ae aoae?aieoeoaa aenioieo aoaeeie?a aeiaaa?
ea?aeeiaeueiiai ia?aaeyaeo ?oiueiai i?iaeooaaiiy. Aoae?aaeuei? ii?ie
Oe?a?ie (cie?aia, AeAI 360-92*) noaaeyoue aeiiae aei aeeoeiaeo caaoaeia
uiaei noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai i?e?iee?iaoo, aea ia ?aaeaiaioothoue
cania?a aeinyaiaiiy eiai aeey aenioieo aoaeeie?a. Aeioaia? aoea
a?aenooiy iaoiaeeea ioe?iee eiioi?oiino? ia?aaoaaiiy ethaeeie o
aenioiiio aoaeeieo ? ia oa?eoi??yo, ye? aei iueiai i?eeyaathoue.

Iaiao?aei?noue ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? aeooaeueii? i?iaeaie ? aecia/eea
iai?yiie iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yiie
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue iia’ycaiee c aeeiiaiiyi ianooiieo aea?aeaaieo
iaoeiaeo oai: A2-1-92 «?ic?iaea i?iaeoo aea?aeaaii? ii?iaoeaii?
aeieoiaioaoe?? Oe?a?ie uiaei ioe?iee a?o?iaiai ?aaeeio oa?eoi???
aeeoeiai? caaoaeiae» ia caiiaeaiiy I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, ?a?no?aoe?eiee
?0194V015591; A2-1-95 «?ic?iaea iaoiaeo ioe?iee a?o?iiioaioe?aeo
oa?eoi??? oa aeai?o i?noey aeey ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy
a?o?iaia?aaoe/ieo i?eeaae?a ca aeiiiiiaith ia?niiaeueii? AII» ia
caiiaeaiiy I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, ?a?no?aoe?eiee ?0195V023689.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy oa?eoi??? aeeoeiai? caaoaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi
aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aenioiiai aoaeeieo — a?o?iaiai ?aaeeio a
i?ecaii?e cii? ? aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia iiaa?oiyo aenioiiai
aoaeeieo.

Iinoaaeaia o aeena?oaoe?? iaoa aeinyaa?oueny ?ica’ycaiiyi ianooiieo
aieiaieo caaea/:

?ic?iaea aa?iaeeiai?/ii? eeaneo?eaoe?? ?icoaooaaiiy aenioiiai aoaeeieo
noiniaii iecueei? caaoaeiae ia iniia? aea/aiiy ?nioth/eo caaoaeia.

Aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae aieeao aenioieo aoaeeie?a ia iiea oaeaeeinoae
a?o?o ana?aaeei? caaoaeiae oeyoii aei?iaoaaiue a aa?iaeeiai?/i?e o?oa?
caaoaeia ca?aeii c i?eeiyoith aa?iaeeiai?/iith eeaneo?eaoe??th.

?ic?iaea iaoiaeee iiia?aaeiuei? ? a?eueo oi/ii? ioe?iee caaoaeiae c
aenioiei aoaeeieii ca a?o?iaei ?aaeeiii.

?ic?iaea iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia iiaa?oiyo
no?i aenioiiai aoaeeieo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa?:

o ?ic?iaoe? eeaneo?eaoe?? aa?iaeeiai?/iiai i?noea?icoaooaaiiy aenioiiai
aoaeeieo noiniaii ?ioeo iecueeeo aoaeeie?a;

o aeyaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae oa/?? iia?o?yiiai iioieo o caaoae?ae? i?e
?icoaooaaii? aenioiiai aoaeeieo ia iaae? ? ana?aaeei? caaoaeiae;

o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia
iiaa?oiyo no?i, ui aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny ca?aeii c aenioith aenioiiai
aoaeeieo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ecia/ai? aeey
i?iaeooaaiiy aeeoeiaeo caaoaeia c aenioieie aoaeeieaie.

Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee a?o?iaiai ?aaeeio aeicaieeoue aiineoe ei?aeoeae o
i?iaeo aeaaiono?ith oa?eoi???, a iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo
eiao?oe??io?a aeicaiey? i?aeae?aoe iaiao?aeiee aeey aenioiiai aoaeeieo
oei a?eiiiiai caiiaiaiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeicaiey? a?o?oaeoi?o,
aeei?enoiaoth/e iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai, oaeaeei oa ye?nii aanoe
aa??aioia i?iaeooaaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iaaaaeai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? caeiaoaa/ai naiino?eii. Iniaenoee
aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

nenoaiaoecaoe?y aea/aieo caaoaeia c aenioieie aoaeeieaie;

aaciina?aaeiy o/anoue o i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ieo aei?iaoaaiue a
aa?iaeeiai?/i?e o?oa?;

noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?ioi?iaoe?? oa iaoeiaee aiae?c io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a i?e i?iaaaeaii? aei?iaoaaiue;

?ic?iaea an?o iaoiaeee, iaaaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe??.

A ioae?eaoe?yo c ni?aaaoi?aie caeiaoaa/ai aeeiiai?: aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaio?a ? ?ic?iaeaia ?ic?aooieiaa eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia aeey
?ic?aooieo aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia iiaa?oiyo aoaeeie?a [1, 3];
iaoiae a?aooaaiiy ?aeue?oo oa aenioieo nii?oae i?e ?ici?uaii? AAI o
?ic?iaeai?e ?ic?aooieia?e i?ia?ai? [5].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ia?o?e i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea e yeieiaey
i?iiuoeaiiiai ?aaeiia”, AeAeAAA (i.Iae??aea, aa?anaiue 1995 ?.); ia
ae?oa?e cono??/? i?aeia?iaeii? anioe?aoe?? “International Association
for Wind Engineering” (Oe?a?inueea a?oia),
“Oe?IEEi?iinoaeueeiino?oeoeey” (i. Ee?a, aa?acaiue 1997 ?.); ia 2-e
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oi?aae?iiy
aia?aiaeei?enoaiiyi”, Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”,
(i.Euea?a, /a?aaiue 1997?.); ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
aeiiii?? aia?a??”, Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”,
(i. Euea?a, /a?aaiue 1998 ?.); ia 2-e i?aeia?iaei?e
No?aeii-?a?iiaenuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c a?o?ioaoiieia?e, ?inoeooo
oai?aoe/ii? ? i?eeeaaeii? iaoai?ee aeaaeai?? iaoe *anueei? ?anioae?ee
(i. I?aaa, aa?anaiue 1998 ?.); ia ui??/ieo nooaeaionueeeo oa
aeeeaaeaoeueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo AeAeAAA (1994 — 1998 ??.).

?iaioa aeiiia?aeaeany ia eaoaae?ao “A?o?oaeoo?a i?iieneiaeo ?
oeea?eueieo aoae?aaeue” oa “Oaieiaaciiinoa/aiiy ? aaioeeyoe?y”
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”;
«A?o?oaeoo?a» AeAeAAA ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei caoenoo ia niaoe?ae?ciaai?e
?aae? 05.23.01 «Aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??, aoaeeiee oa nii?oaee».

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? o 8
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ia /an caoenoo ai?iaaaeaeaia o
?icae?eao “Io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu” i?iaeo?a i?e?i?aeii?a “Iiaaaea”,
“18-e” (aeeiiaieo a Aeiiaoeueeiio oeaio?? “N?aaea” ni?eee a?o?oaeoi??a
Oe?a?ie o 1997-1998 ??.) oa i?noiaoae?aiiai ainaiaeth “E?ooiai?iue” (i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee o 1999 ?.); o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean: Oeiio??a I.A.
Aoae?aaeueia ee?iaoieia?y oa oaieio?ceea / Eiiniaeo eaeoe?e. — Iae??aea,
AeAeAAA, 1998. 73 n.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a ii ?iaio?, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e c 134 iaeiaioaaiue, a oiio /ene? 42 ca?oa?aeieo, oa 4-o
aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa i?noeoue 199 noi??iie, aeeth/ath/e 134 iniiaiiai
oaenoo, 12 noi??iie nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, 53 noi??iee aeiaeaoe?a, 66
iaethie?a oa 39 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? aaoi?ii,
iieacaii ?o iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaiee aiae?c noaio aeine?aeaeaiue c
aeaii? i?iaeaie ? ?ic?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y ?icoaooaaiiy aenioiiai
aoaeeieo a iecuee?e caaoaeia?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aea/aiith noa?ith aoae?aaeueiie aa?iaeeiai?ee
? aca?iiae?y iia?o?yiiai iioieo c ie?aii ?icoaoiaaieie aoaeeieaie. Aeey
iieno oeueiai i?ioeano ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? iaoiaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee caaoaeia ca?ac aaaeooueny a
iniiaiiio aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii. A aenia?eiaioao I.I.Oiiniia aenioi?
aoaeeiee ia ?icaeyaeaeeny. A.?. ?aooa?, O.E. Na?aa?ianueeee, E.?.
Naiaoei cai?iiiioaaee ioe?ithaaoe aeaye? oeie caaoaeia ca na?aaei?ie
a?aeiinieie oaeaeeinoyie a?o?o a ieo, aea aac o?aooaaiiy aenioiino?
aoaeeie?a. A.A. Oioeia ? A.I. Ieae?i io?eiaee aeai? uiaei oaeaee?nieo
iie?a iia?o?yieo iioie?a o caaoaeiaao c aenioiei aoaeeieii, aea
?acoeueoaoe ia ocaaaeueieee ? aiae?oe/ii ia ia?iaeee. A.Ae. Aeaaaiii?oii
? A.O. Aaecii ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aeaoi?iaoe??
iia?o?yiiai iioieo iaaeiei aenioiiai aoaeeieo o?eueee aeey aeiaaeeo
?icoaooaaiiy eiai ca iaeiei iecueeei aoaeeieii noiniaii a?o?iaiai
iioieo.

A.A. Aeaaaiii?oii, I. ?cthiiaei oa Ae. Aaiaeaia?ii ia iiaeaeyo ? a
iaoo?? aoee aea/ai? oaeaeeino? a?o?o o i?ecaii?e cii? caaoaeiae:
aoaeeiie a Oo?aoo?, I?aea?eaiaee (aenioa 80 i); aoaeeiie Eiiia?n Ei?o a
Oi?iioi, Eaiaaea (aenioa 240 i); aaooa AeIA o Ia?eae?, O?aioe?y (aenioa
120 i) oa ?i. A ?inoeooo? i?iieneiai? aa?iaeeiai?ee i. Aaoaia
(I?ia//eia) i?ae ea??aieoeoaii i?ioani?a O.Ae. Aa?oa?aeoa aoee
i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeeei? e?eueeino? caaoaeia c aenioieie
aoaeeieaie. Iaeiae aei oeueiai /ano ia c?iaeaii aeniiae?a c io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a ? ia noi?ioeueiaaii i?eioeei?a aecia/aiiy iniiaieo
ia?aiao??a caaoaeiae, yee aieeaathoue ia a?o?iaee ?aaeei.

O no/anieo oiiaao caaaeyee iiaei oaoiieia?yi a iaeano? ia/enethaaeueii?
oaoi?ee, ia iniia? /eneiaeo iaoiae?a, c’yaeeany iiaeeea?noue ?ica’ycaiiy
aeayeeo caaea/ oai?aoe/ii? aa?iaeeiai?ee. A.O. Aoaa?, ?.A. Aaaee/, I.I.
I?eoe?i oa I.A.Oeiio??a iiaeoethaaee ia AII iia?o?yi? oa/?? o i?ecaii?e
iiaa?oi? caaoaeiae c iaeiaeiaith aenioith aoaeeie?a. *eneiaei
iiaeaethaaiiyi ia’?iii? caaea/? ie?aii ?icoaoiaaiiai aenioiiai aoaeeieo
caeiaeeny Ae.N.?.Oaio, Ae.I. Noiia?n oa O. Oainii. Aea aea/aiiy caaoaeia
c aenioiei aoaeeieii ? aeioaia? ia ae??oaiei oaoi?/iei caaaeaiiyi.

Iaea?eueo iiaia ?ioi?iaoe?y ? c aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia
iiaa?oiyo aenioiiai aoaeeieo. Iaeiae a NIeI 2.01.07-85 “Iaa?ocee e
aicaeaenoaey” aa?iaeeiai?/iee eiao?oe??io ia iaa?o?yi?e iiaa?oi? ie?aii
?icoaoiaaiiai aenioiiai aoaeeieo aecia/a?oueny ye iino?eia ca aenioith
aaee/eia, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae aio/eino? aoaeeieo. Oaea oaa?aeaeaiiy ia
ca?aa?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie (Ae.N.?. Oaio, A.N. Iioeoii, Ae.N. Ioioi?ae,
O.E. Na?aa?ianueeee oa I.I. Caeoeaaa) i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaio?a. NIeI ia
iaaiai?th? aa??aio ?icoaooaaiiy aenioiiai aoaeeieo o caaoaeia?.

Oae, O.E. Na?aa?ianueeee oa I.I. Caeoeaaa aeyaeee ianooiia:

— aa?iaeeiai?/i? eiao?oe??ioe ca aenioith iaa?o?yii? no?ie ci?iththoueny
ca aaee/eiith ? ca ciaeii;

— iecuee? aoaeeiee ia aieeaathoue ia aenioiee, yeui i?ae ieie ?
a?aenoaiue o a?eueo i?ae aeanyoue aenio iecueeiai aoaeeieo;

— ?icoaoiaai? iiia?aaeo ca a?o?iaei iioieii o?ao?e, /aoaa?oee ? o.?.
iecuee? aoaeeiee ia aenioiee ia aieeaathoue;

— c aeaio iecueeeo aoaeeie?a ia aenioiee aieeaa? o?eueee iaeei ca oiiae,
yeui a?aenoaiue i?ae ieie ia?aaeuo? n?i ?oi?o aenio;

— iecuee? aoaeeiee, ?icoaoiaai? a iai?yieo a?o?iaiai iioieo ca aenioiei,
ia ci?iththoue aa?iaeeiai?/i? eiao?oe??ioe.

Iaeiae io?eiaiee aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoa??ae ia aoa aiae?oe/ii
ia?iaeaiee, ui oneeaaeith? aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?ae /an
i?iaeooaaiiy ? aeiaaa? aeayeiai ooi/iaiiy.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy ia’?eoo oa noa?e aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa i?iaaaeaiee
aiae?c ia’?iii-ieaioaaeueieo ??oaiue ?nioth/eo oa ieaiiaaieo caaoaeia,
ui aeeth/athoue aenioi? aoaeeiee. Ia iniia? oeueiai ?ic?iaeaia
eeaneo?eaoe?y i?noea?icoaooaaiiy aenioieo aoaeeie?a (aeea. ?en. 1) a
iecuee?e caaoaeia? c oi/ee ci?o ?oiuei? aa?iaeeiai?/ii? aca?iiae??.

?en. 1 Eeaneo?eaoe?y i?noey ?icoaooaaiiy aenioiiai aoaeeieo a caaoaeia?

?icoaooaaiiy aenioiiai aoaeeieo, ia iniia? iaaaaeaii? eeaneo?eaoe??
i?iiiio?oueny ?iciiae?eeoe ia o?e iniiai? aeaee:

aenioiee aoaeeiie, ui ?icoaoiaaiee iica caaoaeiaith (I, III, VI oa VII
oeie);

aenioiee aoaeeiie, ui ?icoaoiaaiee ana?aaeei? caaoaeiae (II, IV oa VIII
oeie);

caaoaeiaa neeaaea?oueny c nenoaie aenioieo aoaeeie?a (V oei).

Ia aeeeth/a?oueny iiaeeea?noue aa??aio?a caaoaeia a aeaye?e iio?aei?e
a?ae iaaaaeaii? eeaneo?eaoe?? oi?i?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiinaeoe?eiee aaaaoiiiaa?oiaee aoaeeiie,
aeecueeee aei eaaae?aoo a ieai? c a?aeiioaiiyi noi??i ia a?eueo 1:2, a
noa?ith aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? aeeoeiaa caaoaeiaa.

I?iaaaeaiee iaeyae iaeiie/aiiai iaoeiaiai aeina?aeo aeyaea, ui aei
oeueiai /ano iaia? iaoiaeo, yeee aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe a?o?iaee ?aaeei
i?e aoaeue-yeiio ?icoaooaaii? aenioiiai aoaeeieo a caaoaeia?.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui i?iaiaeeeeny ?ai?oa a oe?e noa??, iineee, ye i?aaeei,
/anoeiaee aenia?eiaioaeueiee oa?aeoa?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeyaeaia oi?ioaaiiy
iia?o?yiiai iioieo iaaeiei aenioiiai aoaeeieo ? aecia/ai? aa?iaeeiai?/i?
eiao?oe??ioe ia iiaa?oiyo aenioiiai aoaeeieo. Aea/aii a?o?iaee ?aaeei o
i?ecaii?e cii? i?e?i?aeiio “Iiaaaea”.

=b/HH — a?aeiinia aaee/eia ?ic?eao i?ae iecueeeie aoaeeieaie.

Ia?oa na??y aei?iaoaaiue aoea i?iaaaeaia a o?e aoaie.

= 2, 3, 5, 10.

<12. i?eeiaea cia/aiiy 0, 1, 2, 3. Aeei?enoaiiy oai??? ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaio?a oa iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee aeicaieeei i?e iiaiiio ioiieaii? an?o icia/aieo aa??aoe?e aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nei?ioeoe /enei aa??aio?a aeey eiaeiiai oeio aei 12. Caaaeii aoei aei?iaoaaii 57 aa??aio?a iiaeaeae caaoaeia. O ae?oa?e na??? aei?iaoaaiue aeine?aeaeoaaeeny oaeaeeino? a?o?o o i?ecaii?e cii? aeeoeiai? caaoaeiae “Iiaaaea”, ?icoaoiaaii? o i. Aeiiaoeueeo. Iiaeaeue i?e?i?aeiio, ui aeeth/a? aeaa aenioieo oa a?n?i iecueeeo aoaeeie?a, aoea aeeiiaia o ianooaa? 1:500. Aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny aeey iai?aieo o i.Aeiiaoeueeo no?aeiiai ? i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai iai?yie?a a?o??a. 2,4(105. Aaee/eia oo?aoeaioiino? (ca iaoiaeeeith N.I. Ai?e?ia) neeaaeaea 2,0%. Iiea aeeiai?/iiai oeneo mn?= 1,02. Iiaeaethaaiiy cae?enithaaeiny c aeio?eiaiiyi oiia iaoai?/ii? iiae?aiino? (A.?. ?aooa?, N.I. Ai?e?i, ?.E. Iiao, A.A. Aeaaaiii?o oa I.?. Eacaeaae/). Ianooaa iiaeaethaaiiy i?eeiaany c oiia aaoiiiaeaeueiino? oa caa?aaeaiiy “ieaeaeaaa ia?aoeio” ?iai/iai ia?aoeio aa?iaeeiai?/ii? o?oae. I?eeiaany ??aiee ?aeue?o i?noeaaino?. Iiaeae? aeeiioaaeeny c aea?aaa ? ae?aioaaeeny aeey aei??thaaiiy oeneo ia iiaa?oi?. Oaeaee?nia iiea o i?ecaiiiio oa?? iia?o?y aei??thaaeiny oa?iiaiaiiiao?ii OA-9 AI??IO, oene ia iiaeaeyo o?enoaaany ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?iiaiiiao??a oeio III-4. Cai??e o eiaei?e oi/oe? aeeiioaaeeny o?e/? ? ina?aaeithaaeeny. Ia ii/aoeo e iai?ee?ioe? eiaeii? na??? cai???a aeeiioaaeiny aei??thaaiiy oaeaeeino? a?eueiiai iacao?aiiai iioieo iia?o?y. Oi/i?noue aei???a caaacia/oaaeany oeyoii oa?e?iaee aei??thaaeueieo i?eeaae?a c o?aooaaiiyi ?oiuei? oi/iino?. Caaaeueia iia??oi?noue aei??thaaiiy (AINO 8.011-72) oeneo aei??aithaaea 2%, a oaeaeeino? - 6%. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aei?iaoaaiue na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ia oa?aeoa? a?o?iaiai ?aaeeio a caaoaeia? cia/iith i??ith aieeaathoue c?eae iia?o?yieo iioie?a, ye? oi?iothoueny ia eooao aenioiiai aoaeeieo. Aiie caoiieththoueny iecueeith caaoaeiaith ? caaaeyee oeueiio ca?eueoothoue oaeaee?noue a?o?o ia ?? oa?eoi???. Oea coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy aieeao aenioiiai aoaeeieo i?e ?ic?aooieo aa?aoe?eiiai ?aaeeio. sse iieacaee aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aa?iaeeiai?/i? eiao?oe??ioe (n1?) ia ??ci?e aenio? iaa?o?yii? iiaa?oi? aenioiiai aoaeeieo a?ae??ciythoueny iaeei a?ae iaeiiai. Ia caa?o?yi?e oa aieia?e iiaa?oiyo eiao?oe??ioe (a?aeiia?aeii, n2 ? n3) ? i?aeoe/ii iino?eieie (a?aeoeeaiiy ia ia?aaeuoaaei 10%) ? ia caeaaeaoue a?ae ?icaeyiooeo aca?ii?icoaooaaiue aoaeeie?a. ?o cia/aiiy iiaeii i?eeiaoe: n2(-0,4 e n3 (-0,5. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aeyaeaii iniiai? ia?aiao?e aeaoi?iaoe?? iia?o?yiiai iioieo oa ?o aii??e/i? caeaaeiino?, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia iiaa?oiyo no?i aenioiiai aoaeeieo. Aeey caaoaeia I - VI oeio aeaoi?iaoe?y iia?o?yiiai iioieo (aeea. ?en. 2) oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeeie ia?aiao?aie: 1. Ciie i?aeaeuaieo oaeaeeinoae (c?eae), ui ooai?ththoueny ia eooao aenioiiai aoaeeieo, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ia?aiao?aie: iai?yiie iioe?aiiy c?eao (eoo b) ; (1) ) (2) ; (3) . (4) 2. Ciia cieaeaieo oaeaeeinoae (a?o?iaa o?iue) i?ae aenioiei ? ia?oei iecueeei aoaeeieii, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aiao?aie: ) iia?o?yiiai iioieo aeinyaa? naiai iaeneioio; ) o yae?? o?i? . (5) . Oaeiae anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?a?aoiaai? ia?aiao?e aeaoi?iaoe?? a?o?iaiai iioieo caeaaeaoue a?ae eooo g. ?en. 2 Ia?aiao?e aeaoi?iaoe?? iia?o?yiiai iioieo iaaeiei aenioiiai aoaeeieo ?en. 3 Ia?aiao?e iia?o?yiiai iioieo aeey VII oeio iiaeae? caaoaeiae A caaoaeiaao VII oa VIII oeio aeaoi?iaoe?y iia?o?yiiai iioieo i?inoaaeo?oueny o oa?aeoa?ieo oi/eao (aeea. ?en. 3). A?aeiini? oaeaeeino? a ieo caeaaeaoue a?ae aaiiao?e/iiai neiieaeno Z, ui aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith 6, oa ia?eiao?aeueii? u?eueiino? caaoaeiae sI (oi?ioea 7), cai?iiiiiaaii? A.?. ?aooa?ii ? I.A. Oeiio??aei. (6) , (7) aea I - ia?eiao? iecueeeo aoaeeie?a, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei ioi/othoue aenioiee. Iai?eeeaae, aeey VII oeio oaeaee?noue ana?aaeei? iecueei? caaoaeiae aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith 8. Oi?ioee a iiaiiio ianyc? iaaaaeai? o oaeno? aeena?oaoe??. An? aiie io?eiai? ia i?aenoaa? iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a. (8) Aeey eiaeii? aii??e/ii? caeaaeiino? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaeo?iiieo oaaeeoeue aeey ia?niiaeueii? AII aoee i?i?aoiaai? aeenia?n?y, na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy oa iia??oi?noue noiniaii aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo. I?e oeueiio /enei Nouethaeaioa aoei aeecueei 1,12, iia??oi?noue o iaaeao a?ae 0,2% aei 18,8%, caaaeueia na?aaeiy iia??oi?noue neeaea 5,5%. Aeey aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia iaa?o?yiiio aioe? aenioiiai aoaeeieo i?iiiiothoueny caeaaeiino? aeaio aeae?a. ): , (9) =hi/HB), ia yeiio aecia/a?oueny aa?iaeeiai?/iee eiao?oe??io; s1 e s2 - aii??e/i? eiao?oe??ioe aeaoi?iaoe?? a?o?iaiai iioieo aeey eiia?iaoe?e: c iaeiei iecueeei aoaeeieii - aecia/athoueny ca oaaeeoeath 1, iaaaaeaiith ieae/a; c aeaiia oa a?eueoa aoaeeieaie - aecia/athoueny ca oi?ioeaie 10. (10) Oaaeeoey 1 - Eiao?oe??ioe aeaoi?iaoe?? a?o?iaiai iioieo 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 > 11

s1 2,088 2,787 3,128 3,923 6,884 2,780 3,535 4,225 1,350

s2 0,093 0,094 0,110 0,092 0,086 0,133 0,106 0,146 0,176

) ca oi?ioeith 11

, (11)

.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee a?o?iaiai ?aaeeio
oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae c aenioiei aoaeeieii oa i?iaaaeaii ?? ai?iaaoe?th.

.

— na?aaeiy a?aeiinia oaeaee?noue o cii?

1,5.

?en. 5 Iiiia?aie aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aeaoi?iaoe?? iia?o?yiiai iioieo,
io?eiai? ia iniia? oi?ioe 4 oa 8

Cai?iiiiiaaia o aeaeyae? iiiia?ai iaoiaeeea ioe?iee a?o?iaiai ?aaeeio
oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae c aenioiei aoaeeieii aoea ai?iaiaaia ia
??ciiiai?oieo i?iaeoao.

A ?aaeueiiio i?iaeooaaii? i?e?i?aeiio “Iiaaaea” i. Aeiiaoeueea
(Aeiiaoeueeee oeaio? “N?aaea” ni?eee a?o?oaeoi??a Oe?a?ie) ioe?ithaaany
a?o?iaee ?aaeei uiaei iai?aieo no?aeiiai oa i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai
iai?yie?a a?o?o. Caaoaeiaa a?aeiia?aea? IIIa oeio eeaneo?eaoe??.
Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie aeaei
cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? iia??oi?no? aeey no?aeiiai iai?yieo a?o?o — 8,6%,
aeey i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai — 11,7%.

Ca ?ic?iaeaieie iiiia?aiaie i?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee a?aeiinii? oaeaeeino?
iia?o?y o i?ecaiiiio oa?? iaaeiei aenioieo aoaeeie?a aeey caaoaeia, ui
aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ?ai?oa A.A. Eiaiaoii, A.A. Oioeiaei
oa A.I. Ieae?iei. O oeeo aeiaaeeao iia??oi?noue ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo
ii??aiyii c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie ia ia?aaeuoaaea 14,5%.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ioe?iee eiioi?oo
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie ia i?eeaaeeo aei aenioiiai aoaeeieo
oa?eoi??yo ? cai?iiiiiaaii oi?ioeo ?ic?aooieo iaiao?aeiiai iii?o
iia?o?yi?iieeiaiiy a?eiiieo ioa???a o aa?oi?e /anoei? aenioiiai
aoaeeieo.

I?iiiio?oueny oaeee aeai?eoi ioe?iee eiioi?oo aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ethaeeie ia oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae:

Aiae?c iaoai?ieia?/ieo aeaieo i?noeaaino?, ui ?icaeyaea?ony ca
oaiia?aoo?ith, oaeaee?noth, iai?yieii oa iiaoi?thaai?noth a?o?o.
Ia?a?aooiie oaeaeeino? a?eueiiai iia?o?yiiai iioieo c aenioe oethaa?o
(10i) ia ??aaiue ia?aaoaaiiy ethaeeie (2i) ca noaiaiiei caeiiii.

?ic?aooiie oaiia?aoo?e QSF a?aee?eoeo /anoei o?ea (iaoiaeeea AAI ?i.
A.?. Ai?eeiaa, QSF caeaaeeoue a?ae oaiia?aoo?e oa oaeaeeino? ?ooo
iia?o?y) aeey a?eueiiai iioieo ia ??ai? 2i. Aecia/aiiy iiaoi?thaaiino?
ca iai?yieaie a?o?o iaeiioi?oieo oiia, ui ianoathoue i?e QSF<100N. Onoaiiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?ieo cii caaoaeiae ? aecia/aiiy a ieo ca iaoiaeeeith /aoaa?oiai ?icae?eo a?aeiinieo oaeaeeinoae ?ooo iia?o?y. Aecia/aiiy iiaoi?thaaiino? ca iai?yieaie a?o?o iaeiioi?oieo oiia aeey cii c o?aooaaiiyi aeaoi?iaoe?? iia?o?yiiai iioieo o caaoaeia?. ?ic?iaea a?o?icaoenieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e a ciiao caaoaeiae, aea anoaiiaeaii iiaoi?thaai?noue iaeiioi?oieo oiia 30% ? a?eueoa (A.Ae. Iaiai?aeai). A?o?icaoenieie caoiaeaie iiaeooue aooe iiaeeo?eaoe?y ia’?iii-ieaioaaeueieo ??oaiue caaoaeiae, aeaoooaaiiy iae?eooy, icaeaiaiiy, aeaoooaaiiy aeaiaio?a aai nenoaie aeaiaio?a iaeeo a?o?oaeoo?ieo oi?i, anoaiiaeaiiy ueo?a, ia?aie oa ?ioa. O oa?aeoa?ieo ciiao (aeea. ?en. 6) i?e?i?aeiio “Iiaaaea” aoea aecia/aia iiaoi?thaai?noue iiyae iaeiioi?ieo oiia (aeea. ?en. 8) a ia??iae c eenoiiaaea 1997?. aei aa?aciy 1998 ?. Ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy a ciiao 2 ? 3 /anoeiai ci?iaia ?icoaooaaiiy cii a?aeii/eieo, a a?ey aeeoy/eo iaeaeai/ee?a (ciia 2) anoaiiaeai? a?o?icaoeni? ae?aie. Aiaeia?/ii ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith aoei i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo eiioi?oiino? cii i?noiaoae?aiiai ainaiaeth “E?ooiai?iue” eiiieaeno “Noiaeu” (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee). ?nioth/a iecueea caaoaeiaa aoea ou?eueiaia aeaiia aenioieie aoaeeieaie aenioith 106i. Iaoiaeeea aeicaieeea i?iaiicoaaoe aeieeiaiiy iaeiioi?oieo oiia a?ey aenioieo aoaeeie?a ? cai?iiiioaaoe a?o?icaoeni? caoiaee. ?en. 6 Noaia ciioaaiiy i?e?i?aeiio “Iiaaaea” ?en. 7 A?aeiini? oaeaeeino? iia?o?y o ciiao ii ?oiaai, ye? iaea?aeai? ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith ?en. 8 Iiaoi?thaai?noue iiyae iaeiioi?oo a ciiao i?e?i?aeiio “Iiaaaea” Iaeiei c i?eeeaae?a canoinoaaiiy caniao aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia iiaa?oiyo aenioiiai aoaeeieo ? ?ic?aooiie iaiao?aeiiai iii?o iia?o?yi?iieeiaiith a?eiiieo ioai??a. ??cieoey oeneo iia?o?y (Dp, Ia) ia ciai?oi?e oa aioo??oi?e iiaa?oiyo iai?iaeaeo/eo eiino?oeoe?e ii?yae c ?ioeie oaeoi?aie caeaaeeoue ? a?ae aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a oa oaeaeeino? a?o?o. Aei oeueiao /ano Dp aecia/aeiny ca oi?ioeith 12, aea aa?iaeeiai?/i? eiao?oe??ioe neeaaeaee +0,8 (ia iaa?o?yi?e iiaa?oi?) oa -0,4 (ia caa?o?yi?e iiaa?oi?), a oaeaee?noue i?eeiaeany ia aenio? oethaa?a (10i). C i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui oi?ioea 12 ia a?aoiao? iniaeeainoae aa?oiuei? /anoeie aenioiiai aoaeeieo. A ?acoeueoao? i?iiiio?oueny aecia/aoe cia/aiiy ia?aiaaeo oeneo ca oi?ioeith 13. (12) , (13) aea gi, ga - ieoiia aaaa, a?aeiia?aeii, ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai iia?o?y, I/i3; Vi - oaeaee?noue iia?o?yiiai iioieo, ui aecia/a?oueny ia aenio? hi ca noaiaiiei caeiiii, aeey i?nueei? iaae? iieaciee noaiai? n=1/3. Oaeei /eiii i?iiiio?oueny ?aae?coaaoe oaa?aeaeaiiy ?.?. A?ee?iaa, yeee aaaaea?, ui aeey aoaeeie?a aenioith iiiaae 15 i iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? a?o?o ca aenioith. ) a?eiiieo caiiaiaiue ii??aiyii c? NIeI II-3-79** “No?ieoaeueiay oaieioaoieea” aeyaeany aeaui a?eueoei (a?aeiia?aeii, 0,50 ? 0,37 i2(a/ea). O ?acoeueoao? ca NIeI iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe iiaea?eia caneeaiiy o aea?aa'yieo nia?iaaieo ?aiao c aeaiia ou?eueithth/eie i?ieeaaeeaie c iaiiiie?o?aoaio. Ca?aeii c cai?iiiiiaaieie ooi/iaiiyie - iio??eia caneeaiiy o aea?aa'yieo ?icae??aii-nia?iaaieo a?eiiieo ?aiao c o?ueiia ou?eueithth/eie i?ieeaaeeaie c iaiiiie?o?aoaio. Ooi/iaiiy, ui i?iiiiothoueny, aeicaieyoue cieceoe oaieiao?aoe o aenioiiio aoaeeieo ? caaaeyee oeueiio iie?ioeoe eiioi?oi?noue i?iaeeaaiiy ethaeae ia aa?oi?o iiaa?oao. CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo, ui aeicaieeoue oi?ioaaoe oa?eoi??th caaoaeiae c aenioiei aoaeeieii ca?aeii c ?? aa?iaeeiai?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. I?e oeueiio caaacia/othoueny eiioi?oi? oiiae aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie ye o i?ecaii?e cii? caaoaeiae, oae ? ana?aaeei? aenioiiai aoaeeieo. . . Cai?iiiiiaaii aii??e/i? caeaaeiino?, ui aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy oeeo ia?aiao??a o i?ecaii?e (??aaiue i?oioiaeo) cii?. . Oey iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? a?o?oaeoi?o oaeaeei ? ye?nii aanoe aa??aioia i?iaeooaaiiy caaoaeia. Ia?aa??ea ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee i?iaiaeeeany ia ?acoeueoaoao aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue caaoaeia, ui io?eiai? aaoi?ii oa ?ioeie a/aieie. Caaaeueia iiieeea ?ic?aooie?a ca iaoiaeeeith ia ia?aaeuoaaea 14,5%. 5. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia iaa?o?yi?e iiaa?oi? aenioiiai aoaeeieo c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeiinii? aenioe ?ic?aooieiai? oi/ee oa oeio iaaeieeoiuei? caaoaeiae. Cia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ciaoiaeyoueny o iaaeao a?ae -0,3 aei 1,0. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? Oeiioaaa I.A., Eociaoeia N.A. E ii?aaeaeaieth ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo eiyooeoeeaioia ia iiaa?oiinoyo noai caeaiee n iiiiuueth IYAI // O?oaeu iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea e yeieiaey i?iiuoeaiiiai ?aaeiia”.- Oii 3.- Iaeaaaea.- 1995.- N. 110-111. Eociaoeia N.A. E ii?aaeaeaieth ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo eiyooeoeeaioia ia iiaa?oiinoyo noai aaoaiiiai caeaiey // Aanoiee Aeiiaanneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeaaeaiee no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u.- Iaeaaaea.- 1995.- Aui. 95-1(1).- N. 92-95. Oeiio??a I.A., Eociaoeia N.A. Aei ciaoiaeaeaiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia iiaa?oiyo no?i aoaeeie?a ca aeiiiiiaith IAII // Aoae?aieoeoai Oe?a?ie.- E., 1996.- ? 5.- N. 40-41. Eociaoeia N.A. Aao?iaie ?aaeei a i?ecaiiie iaeanoe aunioiiai caeaiey // Aanoiee Aeiiaanneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeaaeaiee no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u.- Iaeaaaea.- 1998.- Aui. 98-2(10).- N. 100 - 103. Oeiioaaa I.A., Eociaoeia N.A., Aaeiaiaeneee N.A. ?aciauaiea AYO iaeie iiuiinoe ia oa??eoi?ee // A?niee AeO “Euea?anueea iie?oaoieea” niaoe. aeione “I?iaeaie aeiiii?? aia?a??”.- Euea?a.- 1998.- N. 159-162. Kuznetsov S. Deformation of the Air Flow in a Development Under the Influence of a High-Rise Building // East European Conf. On Wind Engin. "2nd EECWE'98".- Vol. 2.- Prague, Czech Republic.- 1998.- p.p. 495-502. Eociaoeia N.A. Aao?iaie ?aaeei aie?oa aunioiiai caeaiey, ?aniieiaeaiiiai a cano?ieea // Aanoiee Aeiiaanneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeaaeaiee no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u.- Iaeaaaea.- 1998.- Aui. 98-4(12).- N. 130 - 139. Eociaoeia N.A. Ioeaiea eiioi?oiinoe aiaoiae aicaeooiie n?aaeu aie?oa aunioiiai caeaiey // Aanoiee Aeiiaanneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeaaeaiee no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u.- Iaeaaaea.- 1998.- Aui. 98-6(14).- N. 5 - 10. AIIOAOe?ss Eociaoeia N.A. Oi?ioaaiiy oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aenioiiai aoaeeieo. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.01 - aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??, aoae?ae? ? nii?oaee. - Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, Iae??aea, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii iaeiiio c ieoaiue caaacia/aiiy eiioi?oiino? iia?o?yiiai na?aaeiaeua ana?aaeei? oa ciai? aenioiiai aoaeeieo. ?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th aa?iaeeiai?/iiai ?icoaooaaiiy aenioiiai aoaeeieo a caaoaeia?. Anoaiiaeaii cia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia iiaa?oiyo aenioiiai aoaeeieo ? ia?aiao?e aeaoi?iaoe?? iia?o?yiiai iioieo. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a, iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi ia?aiao??a aeaoi?iaoe?? iia?o?yiiai iioieo o i?ecaii?e cii? oa aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy eiioi?oiino? iia?o?yiiai na?aaeiaeua. Cai?iiiiiaaii ei?aaoaaiiy aei oi?ioee ?ic?aooieo iii?o iia?o?yi?iieeiaiiy a?eiiieo ioai??a aenioii? caaoaeiae. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy o i?iaeooaaii? iiaeo caaoaeia i. Aeiiaoeueea oa i.Aei?i?iiao?ianueea. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aenioiee aoaeeiie, caaoaeiaa, i?ecaiia ciia, oaeaee?noue a?o?o, aa?iaeeiai?/ia o?oaa, aa?iaeeiai?/iee eiao?oe??io, iia?o?yiee iio?e, eiioi?oi?noue. AIIIOAOeEss Eociaoeia N.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea oa??eoi?ee cano?ieee n o/aoii ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee aunioiiai caeaiey. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.01 - no?ieoaeueiua eiino?oeoeee, caeaiey e nii?oaeaiey. - Aeiiaanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Iaeaaaea, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iaeiiio ec aii?inia iaania/aiey eiioi?oiinoe aicaeooiie n?aaeu aioo?e e nia?oaee aunioiiai caeaiey. ?ac?aaioaia eeanneoeeaoeey ay?iaeeiaie/aneiai ianoiiieiaeaiey aunioiiai caeaiey a cano?ieea. Onoaiiaeaiu cia/aiey ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo eiyooeoeeaioia ia iiaa?oiinoyo aunioiiai caeaiey e ia?aiao?u aeaoi?iaoeee aicaeooiiai iioiea. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo eiyooeoeeaioia, iaoiaeeea oi?ie?iaaiey oa??eoi?ee cano?ieee n o/aoii ia?aiao?ia aeaoi?iaoeee aicaeooiiai iioiea a i?ecaiiie iaeanoe e aeai?eoi ii?aaeaeaiey eiioi?oiinoe aicaeooiie n?aaeu. I?aaeeiaeaiu ei??aeoe?iaee a oi?ioeo ?an/aoa nii?ioeaeaiey aicaeooii?iieoeaieth ieiiiuo i?iaiia aunioiiai caeaiey. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?eiaiaiea a i?iaeoe?iaaiee iiauo cano?iae a. Aeiiaoeea e a. Aeiai?iiao?ianea. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aunioiia caeaiea, cano?ieea, i?ecaiiay iaeanoue, nei?inoue aao?a, ay?iaeeiaie/aneay o?oaa, ay?iaeeiaie/aneee eiyooeoeeaio, aicaeooiue iioie, eiioi?oiinoue. SUMMARY Kuznetsov S.G. Formation of development territory in view of the aerodynamic characteristics of a high-rise building. - Manuscript. The dissertation for a scientific degree of the candidate of engineering science on Speciality 05.23.01 - Engineering Structures, Buildings and Constructions. - Donbass State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Makiyivka, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to questions of formation of territory and maintenance of comfort of air environment inside and outside a high-rise building. It has been established, that in wind engineering the most investigated is the interaction of an air flow with a detached high-rise building. For the description of this process various analytical methods have been developed. There have been held a lot of experimental and full-scale researches of air movement in the above-ground area of development (2 m above ground, i.e. the level of pedestrians) with high-rise buildings. However, till now no conclusion have been drawn on the received results, and no revealing of the basic parameters of development with a high-rise building influencing wind conditions has been done. In the Building Codes the wind pressure coefficients on windward surface of a high-rise building are given constant and not dependent on the surrounding development. Such statement is contradicted by numerous results of the researches which were carried out earlier. On the basis of existing developments and those being designed, the wind site of a high-rise building classification is developed. It covers the following basic types: 1) a high-rise building is located outside the development; 2) a high-rise building is located inside the development; 3) development consists of a group of high-rise buildings. The analysis that has been carried out allows to define the object of the research. It is one-section multi-storey building (in the plan it is close to a square by form) with the ratio of the sides no more than 1:2. The area of research is residential development. =IA/II is the relative heigh of a high-rise building). The error of measurement did not exceed 6%. <6. ; angle g; geometrical simplex Z; perimeter density of development si. The weighted mean error of approximation has made 5.5%. . The developed technique was tested in view of the results of experimental researches of the developments received by the author and other scientists. The total error did not exceed 14.5%. On the basis of the experiment in a wind tunnel it has been established, that the wind pressure coefficients on windward surface of a high-rise building have meanings from -0.3 up to 1.0. On leeward surface and side surface the coefficients are practically constant (deviation did not exceed 10%) and do not depend on the location and positions of buildings, considered by the author. Their values can be accepted c2( -0.4 (leeward) and c3(-0.5 (side). The method of determination of wind pressure coefficients on windward surface of a high-rise building has been developed. There has been developed an algorithm for determining of the level of comfort of living conditions in the territory around the high-rise building. It consists of the following stages: 1) calculations of free wind velocity from the height of a vane on to the level of 2 m; 2) determination of affecting temperature (parts of the face which are exposed to wind are affected) with a free approach flow on the level of 2 m; 3) determination of air environment comfort in zones of development in view of deformation of an air flow; 4) conclusions and recommendations for environmental improvement of living conditions. The updatings to the formula of Building Code II-3-79** “Heat engineering” of account of resistance to air filtration of window openings of a high-rise building are offered. The main results of the work are being used in designing the new developments “Pobeda”, “18-th” (Donetsk, Ukraine) and town-planning ensemble “Krutogorny” (Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine). Key words: high-rise building, development, boundary area, wind velocity, wind tunnel, wind pressure coefficient, air flow, comfort.

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