Прискорення пучків важких іонів у лінійних прискорювачах з зустрічно-штирьовою структурою: Автореф. дис… канд. фіз.-мат. наук / А.П. Кобець, Нац. на

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAOEIAEE OeAIO?

OA?E?ANUeEEE O?CEEI-OAOI?*IEE ?INOEOOO

OAeE 621.384.6

EIAAOeUe Aiaoie?e Ieeeiiae/

I?ENEI?AIIss IO*E?A AAAEEEO ?II?A

O E?I?EIEO I?ENEI?THAA*AO

C CONO??*II-OOE?UeIAITH NO?OEOO?ITH

(01.04.20 – o?ceea io/e?a ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie)

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? “Ieaciiai? aeaeo?ii?ee oa iiaeo iaoiae?a
i?enei?aiiy” Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o “Oa?e?anueeee
O?ceei-Oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” Aea?aeaaiiai Eii?oaoo ii iaooe? ?
?ioaeaeooaeuei?e aeaniino? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

Aiiei Aaneeue Ieaen?eiae/,

ia/aeueiee eaai?aoi???

?IAIIO IIOe OOO?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Ea?anue Ay/aneaa ?aiaoiae/,

ia/aeueiee eaai?aoi???

?IAIIO IIOe OOO?

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? ?aoeiaai Aaneeue Ia?eiae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e Aea?aeaaiiai

aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo OA?

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Iaoeiaee o?ceei-oaoiieia?/iee oeaio?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe oa IAI Oe?a?ie,i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 “ eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 15-00
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.845.01
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o “Oa?e?anueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo” ca aae?anith: 310108, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aeaaeai?/ia, 1,
eiioa?aioecae.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaoeiaiai oeaio?o “Oa?e?anueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” ca aae?anith:
310108, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aeaaeai?/ia, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 15 “ aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.?.Aecaoeueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??. I?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a ?
iaei??th ?c aaeocae iaoee ? oaoi?ee, ui ?icaeaathoueny iaea?eueo
oaeaeei. Na?aae oaea o?aaeeoe?eieo iai?yie?a aeei?enoaiiy aaaeeeo ?ii?a
aaaeeeaa i?noea caeiathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy c yaea?ii? o?ceee ?
?aae?aoe?eiiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa. I?ioa, a inoaii? ?iee aaeeea oaaaa
i?eae?ey?oueny iiaei i?ioan?yi io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a, oaeei ye
aeine?aeaeaiiy c ea?iaaiiai oa?iiyaea?iiai neioaco, a oaeiae iaea?aeaiiy
?ioaineaiiai io/ea oaeaeeeo iaeo?ii?a, aea/aiiy iaaeneeueieo iie?a oiui.
Iaea?eueoa a?aaeath/ei ? i?iieeiaiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a o aenie?
oaoiieia??. Ni?yiiaaia ? no?iai aeiciaaia aeeaeia ?iieaioaoe??
iaiao?aeiiai ni?oo ?ii?a o iai?ai?ia?aeieeia? iaoa??aee ? aaaeeeaei
caniaii ?icaeoeo iia?oiuei? i?e?i?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee. O?aeia? iaia?aie
iiaeathoue oi?eaeuei? iiaeeeaino? i/euaiiy ??aeei ? aac?a. Iniaeeai
oe?iea canoinoaaiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a niinoa??aa?oueny a onueiio
na?o? a iaaeeoeei?. O ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao i?aoeththoue aeae?eueea
eiiieaen?a a iaeano? ae?aaiinoeee ? ?aae?aoe?eii? oa?ai?? iieieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue, aea canoiniaothoueny io/ee aaaeeeo ?ii?a ??ciiiai?oiiai
ni?oo ? ??ciiiai?oieo aia?a?e.

Ia Oe?a?i? aeioaia? oae? eiiieaene aai i?iaeoe a?aenooi?. ?aae?ioa?ai?y
a iieieia?/ieo ee?i?eao cae?enith?oueny ia canoa??eeo, iaeiaoaeoeaieo
aeaea?aeao (- aei?ii?ithaaiue aai a e?auiio aeiaaeeo, i?enei?thaa/ao
aeaeo?ii?a, ui o aaeeeiio nooiai? o?aaeathoue caei?iao oeaieio. I?ioa,
?c /anii Oe?a?i? ia iiaeia aoaea caeeoaoeny inoi?iiue a?ae aaeoc?
iaaeeoeeie, ui ?icaeaa?oueny ao?oeeai — ?aae?ioa?ai?? iieieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue ia aac? io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a. Oa ae naia a?aeiineoueny ?
aei iaoeiaeo ? oaoiieia?/ieo iai?yie?a aeei?enoaiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo
?ii?a.

Ia Oe?a?i? ?aeeiei iaoeiaei oeaio?ii, aea i?iaeaia i?enei?aiiy io/e?a
aaaeeeo ?ii?a o e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/ao ciaoiaeeoueny ia na?oiaiio
??ai?, ? IIOe OOO?. Ooo iaeiie/aiee aaeeeee aeina?ae ?ic?iaee,
nii?oaeaeaiiy, iaeaaeee e aenieoaoaoe?? e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a aaaeeeo
?ii?a. O 80-o ?ieao ia aac? ?ic?iaeaii? a OOO? iiaeeo?eaoe??
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e (AOON) cae?eniaia ?aeiino?oeoe?y
ia?aaeiaaee?eiai? ? iniiaii? naeoe?e EOIC?. Aia?oa o na?o? oey
ia?niaeoeaia i?enei?thth/a no?oeoo?a aoea ai?iaaaeaeaia a /eiiiio
cia/iiio i?enei?thaa/? ? iieacaea naith aenieo aoaeoeai?noue. Oe?
?ic?iaee oe?iei a?aeii? ? ca ?oaaaeai. I?ci?oa aiie iaea?aeaee aaeeeee
?icaeoie o O?I ? ssiii??.

Aeey noaiiaeaiiy ia Oe?a?i? aaeocae aenieeo oaoiieia?e ?
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iiai iai?yieo iio??aia noai?aiiy e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a
aaaeeeo ?ii?a ??ciiiai?oiiai i?ecia/aiiy, ui iiaeeeai i?e iiaeaeueoiio
oaeineiiaethaaii? cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaeo no?oeoo?, noai?aiith iiaeo
aoaeoeaieo ?? iiaeeo?eaoe?e, ?ic?iaoe? eiiieaeno nenoai iano?ieee ?
i?eno?i?a oi?ioaaiiy caaeaiiai ?iciiae?eo i?enei?thth/iai iiey.

Aiae?c ??aiy ?icaeoeo cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e noiniaii
i?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a iieaco?, ui aeaye? eiino?oeoeai? aocee,
i?eno?i? ? iaoiaee iano?ieee ? oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ?iciiae?eo
i?enei?thth/iai iiey iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy, ui ?
yaeeiny caaea/ath aeine?aeaeaiue, iieeaaeaieo a iniiao oei??
aeena?oaoe??. Oae o aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao o e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/ao ui
nii?oaeaeothoueny ia aac? cono?(/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeoaea neeaaei? a oaoi?/iiio ieai? eiino?oeoeai?
??oaiiy, ui iae/ano?oa iia??oo? aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee. E??i
oiai, ye aeieeaa? c a?aeiieo ioae?eaoe?e, aeioaia? a?aenooi? ?icoi?iiy
o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a aieeao e(ioeaaeo ?aciiainieo aeaiaio?a iano?ieee, ye?
? iniiaiei iaoai?ciii oi?ioaaiiy ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo
i?enei?thth/iai iiey.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiai? a oe?e aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeicaieythoue
aeayeith i??ith onoiooe cacia/ai? i?iaeaie ? ao?eeoe ?acoeueoaoe a
noai?aieo i?enei?thth/eo no?oeoo?ao cono?(/ii-ooe?ueiaiai oeio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiue iia’ycaii c aeeiiaiiyi aaciai? “I?ia?aie ?ia?o c aoiiii?
iaoee ? oaoi?ee IIOe OOOI ia ia??iae 1992-2000 ?.?.”, ui aeeiio?oueny
a?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ?558 a?ae
20.07.1993 ?., aeiaiai?o I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie ?9165/07 a?ae 1993 ?.
“?ic?iaea onoaoeoaaiiy i?enei?thth/iai eiiieaeno ii ae?iaieoeoao
o?aeiaeo iaia?ai aeey iiaiai onoaoeoaaiiy, ui o?eueo?o?”, aeiaiai?o c
caaiaeii “Oaici?” i.Aeoaia ?123/61 a?ae 24.09.1992 ?. “Aeaioiaeaiiy ?
iinoaaea i?ae iiioaae nenoai e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a”, aeiaiai?o c IssAe
?AI i. Iineaa ?528/61 a?ae 05.03.91 ?. “?ic?iaea, aeaioiaeaiiy ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a ?aae?iaeoeaieo io/e?a”

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea aoaeoeaieo
iiaeeo?eaoe?e cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaeo no?oeoo? aeey i?enei?aiiy io/e?a
aaaeeeo ?ii?a o e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/ao ??ciiiai?oiiai i?ecia/aiiy, a
oaeiae ?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a i?enei?aiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

— ?ic?iaea eiiieaeno nenoai iano?ieee ? i?eno?i?a oi?ioaaiiy caaeaiiai
?iciiae?eo iiey a noai?thaaieo i?enei?thaa/ao io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a;

— ae??oeoe i?iaeaio ieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?a?? i?enei?aieo ?ii?a ?
i?enei?aiiy aaaeeeo ?ii?a ia aeueo iiaeao;

— ?ic?iaeoe iiaeeo?eaoe?? cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaeo no?oeoo? aeey e?i?eieo
i?enei?thaa/?a i?eeeaaeiiai i?ecia/aiiy;

— ?ic?iaeoe eiino?oeoe?th cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e, ?ic?aoiaaii?
ia aacia?a?aiee ?aaeei ?iaioe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iia’ycaia c ne?aeoth/eie io?eiaieie
?acoeueoaoaie:

— aia?oa aeey cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e noai?aii
iiaiee eiiieaen nenoai iano?ieee ? oi?ioaaiiy ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo
i?enei?thth/iai iiey, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue nii?oaeaeoaaoe naeoe??
i?enei?thaa/?a cia/ii? aeiaaeeie ? ni?inoeoe ?o eiino?oeoe?th,

— noai?aia iiaa iiaeeo?eaoe?y cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? i?enei?thth/i?
no?oeoo?e c i?yiieooiith oi?iith iiia?a/iiai ?ic??co ?aciiaoi?a,

— iieacaia iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aia?a?? ?ii?a ia aoiae? a iniiaio
naeoe?th e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a aaaeeeo ?ii?a EOIC? ? oaeei /eiii
a?aee?eoi oeyo aei ?icoe?aiiy ae?aiaciio ?o ian,

— ?ic?iaeaia aaciaa iiaeeo?eaoe?y cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? i?enei?thth/i?
no?oeoo?e ia iicaeiaaei?o iano/eo aeaiaioao c? c?ooaiith a?nnth io/ea,

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ? i?eno?i? oi?ioaaiiy ae?eyiie ??aiii??iiai
?iciiae?eo i?enei?thth/iai iiey ?aaoeueiaaii? aeiaaeeie ? oaeei /eiii
ae??oaii i?iaeaio ieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?a?? o cono??/ii-ooe?ueia?e
no?oeoo??,

— ?ic?iaeaia eiino?oeoe?y i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e, ?ic?aoiaaii? ia
aacia?a?aiee ?aaeei ?iaioe, aecia/ai? iniiai? i?iaeaie A*-aeeaeaiiy oa
aeaeaeaiiy oaiea c oaei? no?oeoo?e,

— aia?oa iieacaia iiaeeea?noue i?enei?aiiy aaaeeeo ?ii?a o
cono??/ii-ooe?ueia?e no?oeoo?( ia aeueo iiaeao, yea aeicaiey?
iaea?aeoaaoe aia?a?th ?ii?a aeuo ca iii?iaeueio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
?ic?iaeai? iiaeeo?eaoe?? i?enei?thth/eo no?oeoo? ai?iaaaeaeai? a
i?enei?thaa/?, ui i?iaeoothoueny, nii?oaeaeothoueny aai ae?thoue.
Iiaeeo?eaoe?y no?oeoo?e c i?yiieooiith oi?iith iiia?a/iiai ?ic??co
?aciiaoi?a ai?iaaaeaeaia a ia?aaeiaaee?eiao naeoe?th e?i?eiiai
i?enei?thaa/a EOIC? ? ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy a
iaaaeeeeo i?enei?thaa/ao.

Iiaeeo?eaoe?y cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e c? c?ooaiith a?nnth io/ea
ai?iaaaeaeaia o i?iaeo ?aeiino?oeoe?? e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a EOI-9 a
IIOe OOO? ? o i?enei?thaaeueii-oaoiieia?/iee eiiieaen ii ae?iaieoeoao
o?aeiaeo iaia?ai ia caaiae? “Oaici?” i.Aeoaia ? ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny
canoiniaoaaoe o iaaaeeeeo e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/ao oaoiieia?/iiai ?
iaaee/iiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Iiaeeo?eaoe?y cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e, ?ic?aoiaaii? ia
aacia?a?aiee ?aaeei ?iaioe, ai?iaaaeaeaia o i?iaeo e?i?eiiai
i?enei?thaa/a ?aae?iioee?ae?a i?e Iineianuee?e iaciii?e oaa?eoe? ?
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny canoiniaoaaoe ye iinoi?enei?thaa/ aeey ia?aca?yaeiiai
aaia?aoi?a i?enei?aieo (ii(a ? i?enei?thaa/ ?aae?iioee?ae(a a ?ssAe AI
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Iaoiaee ieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?a?? ?ii?a ? i?enei?aiiy ia aeueo
iiaeao aeicaieythoue iaea?aeaoe ia e?i?eiiio i?enei?thaa/? EOIC? io/ee
aaaeeeo ?ii?a c aia?a??th aeua ? ieae/a iii?iaeueii?.

Ia?niiaeueiee aianie. Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? naiino?eii aenoaaa ?aea? ?
cae?enithaaa ?o o eiino?oeoe?yo i?enei?thth/eo no?oeoo? ? nenoai
iano?ieee, aeeiioaaa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiooaaa iaoeia?
noaoo? ? aeiiia?ae? aeey ioae?eaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee
i?aaenoaaeai? oa aeiiia?aeaeenue ia oaeeo oi?oiao niaoe?ae?no?a:

— X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV, ? XVI Ia?aaeao c i?enei?thaa/?a
ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie i. Aeoaia 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992 ?.?., i.
I?ioa?ii 1994, 1996, 1998 ?.?.

— 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 e 15 I?aeia?iaeieo nai?ia?ao c e?i?eieo
i?enei?thaa/?a ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie i.Oa?e?a 1987, 1989, 1991, 1993,
1995 ?.?., i.Aeoooa 1997 ?.

— 8-io ? 9-io Oe?a?inueeiio nai?ia?? c iaia?ai oa iaia?aiieo oaoiieia?e,
Ee?a-Euea?a-Neaanueei, 1993 ?. ? Ee?a-Ai?caeue, 1994 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 7 noaooyo o
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo o?ce/ieo caei?aeiiieo aeo?iaeao ? aeo?iaeao Oe?a?ie, a
iaeyae? OeIAeIAoii(ioi?i i. Iineaa, o 3 aaoi?nueeeo iina?ae/aiiyo ? a
i?aoeyo ia?a?aoiaaieo aeua ia?aae ? nai?ia??a. Onueiai ii oai?
aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 28 ?ia?o, ia?ae?e 21 ?iaioe i?eaaaeaiee o
caeeth/i?e /anoei? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 128
iaeiaioaaiue, aiia aeeeaaeaia ia 147 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 83 ?enoiee ? 4
oaaeeoe?.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aeeeaaeaiee ca’ycie c
iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie i?aai?caoe??, aea aeeiioaaeanue
?iaioa, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aecia/aia
iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe, a oaeiae
iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii aieiai? iai?yiee iaoeiaeo ? i?aeoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aea ia?niaeoeaia canoinoaaiiy io/e?a i?enei?aieo aaaeeeo
?ii?a. Aeeiiaii oe?eani?yiiaaiee iaeyae iaea?eueo neeaaeieo eiiieaen?a,
ui i?enei?ththoue io/ee aaaeeeo ?ii?a, a yeeo neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ?
e?i?ei? i?enei?thaa/?. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia ? aeciaia a na?o?
i?enei?thth/a no?oeoo?a cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaiai oeio ia I-oaee?
(Interdigital-H structure) a inoaii? ?iee oe?iei ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny a
aaaaoueio i?iaeoao.

Aiae?c ??aiy ?icaeoeo cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e noiniaii aei
i?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a iieaco?, ui eiino?oeoeai? aocee,
i?eno?i? ? iaoiaee iano?ieee ? oi?ioaaiiy ?iciiae?eo i?enei?thth/iai
iiey aeiaaathoue iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy, ui noaei caaaeaiiyi
aeine?aeaeaiue, iieeaaeaieo a iniiao oe??? aeena?oaoe??, ye?
ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?iaeoe i?enei?thaa/?a, ui ?ic?iaeythoueny.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
noi?ioeueiaai? iaae??oai? caaaeaiiy, aeeeaaeaia iaoiaeeea
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iniaeea?noth cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e, yea
caoaeaeo?oueny ia I-oaee?, ? cia/ia, a 3(4 ?ace, cieaeaiiy aeanii?
/anoioe ii??aiyii c iaiaaaioaaeaiei oeee?iae?e/iei ?aciiaoi?ii, yeee
caoaeaeo?oueny ia oaee? c iiia?a/iith neeaaeiaith aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.
Oaea aeoaea ei?enia yaeua aeicaiey? ciaioeoe o oaeee nai?e i???
iiia?a/i? ?ici??e, aai ca?eueoeoe ?iai/o aeiaaeeio oaee? aeey
i?enei?aiiy aaaeeeo ?ii?a. Oeae ia?aiao? aecia/a? iaeiaaaa?eoi?noue
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e, ui ?acii ?c aenieei oaiiii i?enei?aiiy ?
cia/iei ooioiaei iii?ii aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oeth
no?oeoo?o ye iaea?eueo aoaeoeaio aeey i?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a o
ae?aiacii? aia?a?e aei 10 IaA/i.

I?ioa, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e a ?aaeuei?
i?enei?thaa/? iia’ycaii c? neeaaei?noth iano?ieee ia caaeaio /anoioo ?
oi?ioaaiiy ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo i?enei?thth/iai iiey, ni?e/eiaii?
aaeeeei cnoaii /anoioe i?ae /an aianaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaiai oeio, iaiaeii??aeiiai ca nai?th i?e?iaeith ?
a?aenooi?noth aen?aeueii? neiao???.

?ic?aooiie ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
i?enei?thth/eo no?oeoo? cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaiai oeio ? neeaaeiei i?ioeanii
yeee iio?aao? aeoaea iiooaeieo ia/enethaaeueieo eiiieaen?a. Oiio
iniiaiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiue yaeyeinue o?aaeeoe?eia aeei?enoaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo iiaeaeae i?enei?thth/eo no?oeoo?, ye? ? ciaioaiith
iiae?ai?noth ?aaeueieo i?enei?thth/eo naeoe?e. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeenue ia niaoe?aeueieo noaiaeao c aeei?enoaiiyi aaoiiaoe/iiai
aei??thth/iai eiiieaeno.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaia ?ic?iaea no?oeoo?e e?i?eiiai
i?enei?thaa/a aaaeeeo ?ii?a EOIC? aea aia?oa a na?o? a ae?th/iio
e?i?eiiio i?enei?thaa/?, o oae?e aaeee?e nii?oae?, ao?eai? ?aea?
i?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a o cono??/ii-ooe?ueia?e no?oeoo??.

?en. 1. No?oeoo?ia noaia e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a aaaeeeo ?ii?a EOIC?.

1 – ?iaeaeoi?, 2 – ia?aaeiaaee?eiaa naeoe?y, 3 – no??ia?, 4 – iniiaia
naeoe?y, 5 – iaai?o.

No?oeoo?ia noaia i?enei?thaa/a iaaaaeaia ia ?en.1. A iniiai?e naeoe??
i?enei?thaa/a EOIC? ?aae?ciaaiee eiiieaen iano?ithth/eo aeaiaio?a, ye?
ia canoiniaoaaeeny ?ai?oa i?aea a na?o?. Aia?oa aoea ?ica’ycaia ooieoe?y
ooaia: iaei??? onoaiia/i? oa aeaio neiao?e/ii ?icoaoiaaieo no?oiiiano/eo
ooaia, ui aeeiiothoue ooieoe?th iano?ieee oeyoii ci?ie eooa ?icoeeo.
?iaeoeoeaiee oa?aeoa? oaei? iano?ieee ia i?eaiaeeoue aei nooo?aiai
iia??oaiiy ooioiaiai iii?o a aeiionoeieo iaaeao. Aia?oa a iniiai?e
naeoe?? EOIC? aeei?enoai? e?ioeaa? ?aciiaini? aeaiaioe iano?ieee c ?o
aeiaaeueiith ae??th ia ?iciiae?e i?enei?thth/iai iiey i?e iaaaeeeiio
ci?uaii? /anoioe ? iieacaiee ia i?aeoeoe? ?aciiainiee oa?aeoa? ?o ae??.

Eiino?oeoe?y iniiaii? naeoe?? cia?aaeaia ia ?en.2. Oi?eaeueia niieo/aiiy
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e c eaaae?oiieueiei oieonoaaiiyi io/ea
aeicaieeei i?enei?eoe aaaee? ?iie c A/q=5 aei aia?a?? 8,5 IaA/i c
na?aaeiueith ?ioaineai?noth aei 1011 /ano/n.

?en. 2. I?enei?thth/a no?oeoo?a iniiaii? naeoe?? EOIC?.

?en. 3. I?enei?thth/a no?oeoo?a ia?aaeiaaee?eiai? naeoe?? EOIC?.

A ia?aaeiaaee?eia?e naeoe?? i?enei?thaa/a EOIC? canoiniaaia no?oeoo?a
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaiai oeio a i?yiieooiiio aeeiiaii? ?aciiaoi?a (aeea.
?en.3), ui coiiaeei cia/ia ni?iuaiiy eiino?oeoeaiiai ? oaoiieia?/iiai
oa?aeoa?o. A ?aaeueio eiino?oeoe?th ao?eaia iiaeeo?eaoe?y e?ioeaaeo
?aciiainieo aeaiaio?a iano?ieee, eio?a aeicaiey? a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae
aeiaeaoeiaiai oneeaaeithth/iai aeaiaioa eiino?oeoe?? – iicaeiaaeiueiai
ei?iaa, aai ieeo, ia aac? yeeo aoaeo?oueny e?i?eiee i?enei?thaa/. A
eiiiaeoi?e ia?aaeiaaee?eia?e naeoe?? ciiaee i?enei?eoe io/ee aaaeeeo
?ii?a c a?aeiioaiiyi iane ?iia aei ca?yaeo A/q=15 aei aia?a?? 1 IaA/i,
?icoe?eaoe ae?aiacii ?ii?a aei Ar3+40 ? ca?eueoeaoe ?ioaineai?noue io/ea
aei 1013 /ano/n. Iniiai? ia?aiao?e e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a EOIC?
iaaaaeai? a oaae. 1.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue ieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aia?a?? aaaeeeo ?ii?a, ui i?enei?ththoueny a cono??/ii-ooe?ueia?e
no?oeoo??, oeyoii oi?ioaaiiy ae?eyiie ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo
i?enei?thth/iai iiey, aeiaaeeia yeeo ?aaoeth?oueny. Oea aeinyaa?oueny
oeyoii caeeaeaiiy aeanii? /anoioe ianeaiiai ?aciiainiiai aeaiaioa c
/anoioith ?iai/i? oaee?, ui noai?th? oiiae aeey aca?iiae?? iie?a
iaeaeeae/eo ii /anoio? oaeeue c iieai ?iai/i? oaee?.

A iniia? iaoiaeo eaaeeoue i?ioean eiiiainaoe?? ae?eyiie iiey ca ?aooiie
i?aeoeiiaeo aca?iiae?e oaeeue, /anoioa yeeo ?ici?uaia ia ieaeiueiio e?a?
aeenia?n?eiiai niaeo?a A01l (l=0,1,2,…) aeey A-oei?a oaeeue ? I11l
(l=1,2,3,…) aeey I-oaeeue, c oaeeath niaoe?aeueii noai?aii? ianeaii?
?aciiainii? nenoaie. A yeino? oaeeo ianeaieo ?aciiainieo aeaiaio?a
aeei?enoiaothoueny /aa?oueoaeeueia? a?a?aoi?e aai ciai?oi? I-?aciiaoi?e
aeey A-no?oeoo? ? e?ioeaa? ?aciiaini? aeaiaioe iano?ieee aeey
I-no?oeoo?. A aeena?oaoe?? iienai? e?eueea iiaeeo?eaoe?e oaeeo
aeaiaio?a.

Caaea/a i?i ciaoiaeaeaiiy aeenia?n?eieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue ? ae?ac?a aeey
eiiiiiaio aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a ca’ycai?e ?aciiaini?e nenoai?, ui yaey?
niaith oeee?iae?e/iee ?aciiaoi?, iaaaioaaeaiee e?ioeaaei a?a?aoi?ii,
ae??oaeanue iaoiaeii cai?ioiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’?.

Ca aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy iiey oa aeenia?n?eiiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaeeeai aecia/eoe iiea oa /anoioo ?acoeueoaoeaii? oaee?
?aciiaoi?a.

A ?icae?e? iienaia iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy o/anoe?a ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo
i?enei?thth/iai iiey ia niaoe?aeueii aeaioiaeai?e iiaeae? iniiaii?
naeoe?? i?enei?thaa/a EOIC?.Iieacaii,ui a ?? eiino?oeoe?? caeeaaeai? an?
iaiao?aei? iano?ithaaeuei? aeaiaioe, ye? caaacia/othoue ieaaia
?aaoethaaiiy aia?a?? io/ea i?enei?aieo ?ii?a a ae?aiacii? (0,3-1) Wmax.

E??i ieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?a?? i?enei?aieo /anoie iieacaia
iiaeeea?noue ca?eueoaiiy aia?a?? ?ii?a ia aoiae? a iniiaio naeoe?th
EOIC? c 0,975 aei 1,5 IaA/i oeyoii eiiiainaoe?? i?enei?thth/iai iiey a
ii/aoeiaeo caci?ao i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e. Oaea ca?eueoaiiy aia?a??
aeicaieeoue caaacia/eoe a?eueo aeeaieee no?ei?ia ?ii?a ? oeei naiei
ca?eueoeoe aoaeoeai?noue i?enei?aiiy a iniiai?e naeoe?? EOIC?.

A ?icae?e? aia?oa i?eaiaeeoueny iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iniiai?e naeoe?? EOIC? iiaiai i?eioeeio i?enei?aiiy ia
aeu?e iiae?.

No?oeoo?a e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a ?ii?a neeaaea?oueny c iine?aeiaiino?
ia??iae?a, aeiaaeeia yeeo aecia/a?oueny ii oi?ioe?:

Ln=(n(/2 (1)

aea (n – a?aeiinia oaeaee?noue neio?iiii? /anoee

( — ?iai/a aeiaaeeia oaee?

I?e??no aeiaaeeie ia??iaeo ca iaeei ia??iae A*-eieeaaiue i?eaeecii
ioe?ith?oueny ii oi?ioe?:

(Ln = qeEnGn(2cos(s/(Amc2) (2)

aea En – na?aaei? ii aeiaaeei? ia??iaeo aeaeo?e/ia iiea

Gn – oaeoi? /ano i?ieueioo

(s – neio?iiia oaca

e ? m – ca?yae ? iana i?ioiia

q ? A – ca?yaeiaa ? ianiaa /enei ?iia

sseui caoaeaeoaaoe i?enei?thth/o no?oeoo?o ia /anoio? aeu?e a?ae
iii?iaeueii?, oi aeey oiai ae Ln iiaeiia aooe ca?eueoaia oaeaee?noue
/anoie. Oea iiaea aooe aeinyaiooi a?aeiia?aeiei i?aeai?ii ?ici??o En a
i?eionoeieo iaaeao aai ciaioaiiyi a?aeiioaiiy A aei q. Oaeei oeyoii
iiaeeeai aeinyaoe aeayeiai ca?eueoaiiy e?ioeaai? aia?a?? /anoie ia
aeoiae? c i?enei?thaa/a ii??aiyii c iii?iaeueiith. Iieacaii, ui oaeey
I121, yea ia? aeayeo aiaeia?th ii ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a
ae?aiao?aeuei?e ieiuei? c oaeeath I111 ciaoiaeeoueny ii /anoio? ia
a?aenoai? 8% a?ae /anoioe ?iai/i? oaee?. Oaeei /eiii, iieacaia
iiaeeea?noue ca?eueoeoe aia?a?th i?enei?aieo /anoie aei 10 IaA/i i?e
iii?iaeueiiio ?? cia/aii? 8,5 IaA/i.

Aiaeia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? ia iiaeae? ia?aaeiaaee?eiai? naeoe??
EOIC?, iieacaee, ui a?aeiia?aeia aeua oaeey I311, aeey i?yiieooiiai
?aciiaoi?a ia? /anoioo ia 60% a?eueoo a?ae ?iai/i?. Oea aeanoue
iiaeeea?noue ca?eueoeoe aia?a?th ?ii?a ia oe?e naeoe?? a?ae 0,975 aei
2,6 IaA/i.

Oaeei /eiii, aeyaeaia iiaa ye?noue i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaiai oeio – iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaiiy aia?a?? io/ea
i?enei?aieo ?ii?a ye a iai?yieo ciaioaiiy, oae ? a a?e ?? ca?eueoaiiy.

A i’yoiio ?icae?e? i?eae?eaii oaaao ieoaiiyi aeei?enoaiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo
?ii?a a i?aeoe/ieo oe?eyo, oaeeo ye iaia?aii? ? ?iieaioaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??. I?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaeo
no?oeoo? e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a i?aeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy.

?en. 4. I?enei?thth/a no?oeoo?a c? cnoiooith a?nnth io/ea oa
iicaeiaaei?ie

iano/eie aeaiaioaie.

Noai?aii iiao iiaeeo?eaoe?th cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e , o ye?e
aia?oa ia’?aeiai? ai?aeeii aeae?eueea iiaeo eiino?oeoeaieo i?eioeei?a,
ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei iiaeaeueoiai i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?. Oea —
?aae?caoe?y ?aea? cnoao in? aia?oo?iiai eaiaeo, ii ye?e cae?enith?oueny
i?enei?aiiy io/ea, uiaei in? ?aciiaoi?a (?en. 4). I?e oeueiio, ia?i?
o?oaee ae?aeoo aei?noei e??ieyoueny aei a?/ii? no?iee ?aciiaoi?a, a
iaia?i? — i?e?aeiai? a?oiaie aei iicaeiaaei?o iano/eo aeaiaio?a,
?icoaoiaaieo ocaeiaae in? ?aciiaoi?a ? cae??ieaieo ia iaei?e aai aeaio
iano/eo ooaiaao, aeianaieo iaciai? a thnoe?iai/i? aocee. Iano?ithth/?
no?oiiiano/? ooaiae i?e?aeiai? iiia?ii — neiao?e/ii aei iicaeiaaei?o
iano/eo aeaiaio?a ? ?icoaoiaai? ??aiii??ii ii aeiaaeei?, iacaeaaeii a?ae
aeiaaeeie i?enei?thth/eo ia??iae?a i?ae eooaie, ui caaacia/othoue
eieaeueio iano?ieeo. E?ioeaa? ?aciiaini? aeaiaioe iano?ieee
ooai?ththoueny /aa?oue-oaeeueiaeie ae?eyieaie e?ioe?a iicaeiaaei?o
iano/eo aeaiaio?a, ui ia’?aeiothoue aeae?eueea iaia?ieo o?oaie ae?aeoo
ia ao?aei?e ? aeo?aei?e /anoei? no?oeoo?e. Oaea nenoaia cia/ii ?icoe?th?
iiaeeeaino? iano?ieee ? oi?ioaaiiy ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo
i?enei?thth/iai iiey ? caoeuaia aaoi?nueeei iina?ae/aiiyi A.N.1336930
NNN?, IEE2 II5I9/04.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ia aac? iiai? iiaeeo?eaoe??
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e ?ic?iaeai? i?enei?thaa/? aaaeeeo ?ii?a
aeey i?eeeaaeieo oe?eae.

?aeiino?oeoe?y e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a EOI-9 aeanoue iiaeeea?noue
i?enei?thaaoe aaaee? ?iie c a?aeiioaiiyi ianiaiai /enea aei ca?yaeiaiai
A/q=20 aei aia?a?? 1 IaA/i c na?aaeiueith ?ioaineai?noth 1012 /ano/n.
Oea icia/a?, ui aoaeooue i?enei?thaaoeny ?iie c iecueeei ca?yaeiaei
noaiii, oae? ye Ne+20, Ar4+40, Fe4+56, Kr4+84, Mo5+98, ye? aaia?othoueny
a aeaea?aeao ?ii?a a aeinoaoiuei aaeee?e e?eueeino?, a oaeiae iaio
?ioaineai? io/ee a?eueo aaaeeeo ?ii?a, iai?eeeaae: Xe7+132, U12+238.
Iniiai? ia?aiao?e e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a EOI-9 a ?aaeei? i?enei?aiiy
aaaeeeo ?ii?a i?eaaaeai? a oaae. 1.

?en. 5. No?oeoo?ia noaia e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a “Oaici?”.

1 – aeaea?aei ?ii?a, 2 – ?iaeaeoi?, 3 – ii/aoeiaa i?enei?thth/a
naeoe?y,

4 – ia?aaeiaaee?eiaa naeoe?y, 5 – no??ia?, 6 – iniiaia naeoe?y,

7 – nenoaia oi?ioaaiiy io/ea, 8 – eaia?a ii?ii?iaiiy.

Aeey ianiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa o?aeiaeo iaia?ai a oiiaao i?iieneiaino?
?ic?iaeaii i?enei?thaaeueii-oaoiieia?/iee eiiieaen aeey
i?eai?iaoae?aiiai caaiaeo “Oaici?” i. Aeoaia. No?oeoo?ia noaia e?i?eiiai
i?enei?thaa/a cia?aaeaia ia ?en. 5. ?iie aieueo?aia W4+184 c
a?aeiioaiiyi ianiaiai /enea aei ca?yaeiaiai A/q=46 i?enei?ththoueny o
o?ueio naeoe?yo aei aia?a?? 1, 76 IaA/i ? ii?ii?iththoue iie?ia?io
ie?aeo caaoiaoee 10-20 iei. I?ney iiaeaeueoi? o?ceei-o?i?/ii? ia?iaee
ii?ii?iaii? ie?aee ae?iaeythoue o?aeia? iaia?aie c ae?aiao?ii ii? a?ae 2
iei aei 0,02 iei ? u?euei?noth a?ae 106 aei 1010 ni-2.

Iniiaia naeoe?y oeueiai i?enei?thaa/a, aea ?iie W14+184 i?enei?ththoueny
a?ae aia?a?? 419 eaA/i aei 1,76 IaA/i, ?ic?iaeaia ia aeuacaaaeai?e
aoaeoeai?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e c aeei?enoaiiyi
iiaeeo?eiaaiiai ci?iii-oaciaiai oieonoaaiiy io/ea. Ia niaoe?aeueii
iiaoaeiaai?e iiaeae? i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e a ianooaa? 1:3
aeine?aeaeai? i?ioeane ? nenoaie iano?ieee, io?eiai? iaiao?aei?
?aciiaini? /anoioe ? noi?iiaai? ?iciiae?ee i?enei?thth/iai iiey.
Ia?aiao?e iniiaii? naeoe?? i?eaaaeai? a oaae. 1. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue noai?aia oaoi?/ia aeieoiaioaoe?y ? aeaioiaeai? nenoaie
i?enei?thaa/a.

A oinoiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee e?i?eiiai
i?enei?thaa/a EO?AI i?ecia/aiiai aeey i?enei?aiiy niaoeeo?/iiai ni?oo
io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a – ei?ioeiaeeao/eo ?aae?iioee?ae?a. Oaeee
i?enei?thaa/ ieaio?oueny noai?eoe a ?ssAe ?AI i. Iineaa ia aac?
ia?aeiiiai io/ea i?ioii?a i?enei?aieo aei 600 IaA.

?en.6. No?oeoo?ia noaia e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a ?aae?iaeoeaieo
ioee?ae?a EO?AI.

1 – ii/aoeiaa i?enei?thth/a naeoe?y, 2 – oieonoth/? e?ice,3 – ?aaai/a?,
4 – ?aciiaoi? c iaai?oiei ia??iaee/iei oieonoaaiiyi,5 – no??ia?,6 –
iiai?ioiee iaai?o,7 – ?aciiaoi? c o?eieaoaie,8 – ?aciiaoi?
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaiai oeio.

Niaoeeo?ea oeueiai i?enei?thaa/a iieyaa? a iaiao?aeiino? caiia?aaiiy
anyeiai ?iaeo ao?ao io/ea a i?ioean? eiai oi?ioaaiiy ? i?enei?aiiy. O
aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaia iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy i?enei?thth/i?
no?oeoo?e ni?iiiaeii? i?aoethaaoe a aacia?a?aiiio ?aaeei? i?e
iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaiio cia/aii? a?aeiioaiiy ianiaiai /enea aei
ca?yaeiaiai (A/q=60). I?e oeueiio iniiaieie aeiiaaie ? ye iiaeia a?eueo
aenieee ooioiaee ii??, aaeeea aeiaaeeia oaee? A*-aeeaeaiiy ? aenieee
oaii i?enei?aiiy. Aeoiaey/e c iaiao?aeii? e?ioeaai? aia?a?? i?enei?aieo
?aae?iioee?ae?a (6,5 IaA/i), cae?eniaia iioeiaeueia eiiiiioaaiiy
caaaeueii? noaie i?enei?thaa/a, i?eaaaeaia ia ?en. 6. A ae?aiacii?
aia?a?? ?ii?a a?ae 0,06 aei 6,5 IaA/i canoiniaothoueny i’youe naeoe?e
i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaiai oeio c ??ciiiai?oieie
caniaaie oieonoaaiiy io/ea a i?ioean? i?enei?aiiy.

Ia ia?oeo aeaio naeoe?yo aeei?enoiao?oueny aei?noeioieonoth/ee eaiae c
/a?aoaaiiyi e?aoiino? ia??iae?a i?enei?aiiy 0,5 (( ? 1,5 (( ?
eaaae?oiieuei? iaai?oi? e?ice ?icoaoiaai? o?eueee a ia?ieo o?oaeao
ae?aeoo. C iaoith ciaioaiiy ?ieiniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? neiao???
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a caci?ao e?ioe? ia?ieo o?oaie ae?aeoo c?iaeai?
eiionii? oi?ie.

A ianooiieo o?ueio naeoe?yo i?eeiyoi oieonoaaiiy c ioeueiaith
neio?iiiith oacith ? eaaae?oiieueieie o?eieaoaie ye? ?icoaoiaai? a
i?enei?thth/iio eaiae? ye ana?aaeei? naeoe?e, oae ? a i?ii?aeeao i?ae
ieie. Iniiai? ia?aiao?e i’youeio naeoe?e i?enei?thaa/a EO?AI
i?eaaaeai? a oaae. 1.

Iano?ieea ia caaeaio /anoioo ? oi?ioaaiiy ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo
i?enei?thth/iai iiey ia an?o i’youeio naeoe?yo cae?eniaia ca aeiiiiiaith
no?oiiiano/eo ooaia ? e?ioeaaeo ?aciiainieo aeaiaio?a iano?ieee.

Aei??aia cia/aiiy aeia?ioiino? ? ooioiaiai iii?o i’youeio naeoe?e
iieacothoue, ui ao?aoe A*-iiooaeiino? aoaeooue iaeaea aaeanyoa?i iaioa,
i?ae a no?oeoo?? oeia Aeueaa?aoey, i?e cia/iiio c?inoaii? oaiio
i?enei?aiiy, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai a oiiaao aacia?a?aiiai ?aaeeio ?iaioe
i?enei?thaa/a.

AENIIAEE

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iiooe
iiaeo oeyo?a i?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a o e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/ao
?c cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaith no?oeoo?ith. I?eaiaeeoueny iien ?ic?iaie,
iia’ycaieo ?c noai?aiiyi ?aaeueieo i?enei?thaa/?a i?ecia/aieo ye aeey
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, oae ? aeey i?eeeaaeieo oe?eae. Aeeiiai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaee aeicaieeee ae??oeoe ?yae i?eioeeiiaeo i?iaeai,
iia’ycaieo c a?eueo aeeaieei ?icoi?iiyi aeaeo?i-aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a
i?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a ? aeeiiaoe ?yae iiaeo ?ic?iaie
aoaeoeaieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e,
?? nenoai ? aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe??.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe oae?:

1. Caaa?oaii ?ic?iaeo eiiieaeno nenoai iano?ieee ? i?eno?i?a
oi?ioaaiiy caaeaiiai ?iciiae?eo i?enei?thth/iai iiey ui iathoue aeey
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy.
Noai?aia iaea?eueo aio/ea ? aoaeoeaia nenoaia ?aciiainiiai ?
ia?aciiainiiai oeio. Oe? nenoaie aeicaieeee nii?oaeaeoaaoe naeoe??
i?enei?thaa/?a cia/ii? aeiaaeeie, ni?inoeoe eiino?oeoi?nuee? ?
oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane, ciaioeoe aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe. Ii oeeee?
?ic?iaie nenoai iano?ieee cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? i?enei?thth/i? no?oeoo?e
caoeuai? 3 aaoi?nuee? iina?ae/aiiy ia aeiao?ae.

2. Aeey i?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a ia ia?aaeiaaee?eia?e naeoe??
e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a EOIC? canoiniaaia iiaeeo?eaoe?y i?enei?thth/i?
no?oeoo?e c i?yiieooiei ia?aoeiii, ui cia/ii ni?inoeei ?? eiino?oeoe?th
i?e caa??aaii? aenieiai ooioiaiai iii?o.

3. Noai?aia aaciaa iiaeeo?eaoe?y cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? no?oeoo?e ia
iicaeiaaei?o iano/eo aeaiaioao c? c?ooaiith a?nnth io/ea. Oaea nenoaia
cia/ii ?icoe?th? iiaeeeaino? iano?ieee ? oi?ioaaiiy ??aiii??iiai
?iciiae?eo i?enei?thth/iai iiey. Ia iniia? oaei? iiaeeo?eaoe??
?ic?iaeai? e?i?ei? i?enei?thaa/? aaaeeeo ?ii?a aeey i?eeeaaeieo oe?eae.

4. Aeyaeaia iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy cono??/ii-ooe?ueiai? i?enei?thth/i?
no?oeoo?e ?ic?aoiaaii? ia aacia?a?aiee ?aaeei ?iaioe. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aeiaanoe aei ??aiy oaoi?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy
?ic?iaeo e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a ?aae?iaeoeaieo ioee?ae?a EO?AI.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ? i?eno?i? oi?ioaaiiy ae?eyiie ??aiii??iiai
?iciiae?eo i?enei?thth/iai iiey ? oaeei /eiii ae??oaii i?iaeaio ieaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy aia?a?? i?enei?aieo ?ii?a o cono??/ii-ooe?ueia?e no?oeoo??.

6. Aia?oa i?eaiaeeoueny aeeeaae iiaiai i?eioeeio i?enei?aiiy aaaeeeo
?ii?a o cono??/ii-ooe?ueia?e no?oeoo?? ia aeueo iiaeao, yea aeicaiey?
iaea?aeaoe aia?a?th ?ii?a aeuo ca iii?iaeueio.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CAeIAOAA*A CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??.

Bomko V.A., Dyachenko A.F., Kobets A.F., Mazalov.Yu.P., Pipa A.V.,
RudyakB.I. “Interdigital accelerating H-structure in the multicharged
ion linac (MILAC). Review of Scientific Instruments, 1998, V.69, N10,
p.3537-3540.

Aiiei A.I., Eiaaoeue A.I., Iacaeia TH.I., ?oaeye A.?. “E?i?eiee
i?enei?thaa/ aaaeeeo ?ii?a OOO?.” OOAE, 1998, O. 43, N9, n.1144-1146.

Bomko V.A., Dyachenko A.F., Kobets A.F., Mazalov Yu. P., Rudyak B.I.
“Smooth variation of ion energy in the interdigital accelerating
H-structure.” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. in Phys. Res. A 406, 1998, p.
1-5.

Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O., Eiaaoe A.O., Iacaeia TH.I., ?oaeye A.E.
“Ieaaiia ?aaoee?iaaiea yia?aee eiiia a onei?ythuae no?oeoo?a
ano?a/ii-oou?aaiai oeia.” Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee. Na?ey:
ssaea?ii-oece/aneea enneaaeiaaiey. Aui. 1(28) Oa?ueeia, IIOe OOOE, 1997
a., n. 78-87.

Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O., Eiaaoe A.O. Aeai/oe I.E., Iaeaoeiaa TH.A.,
Ieia A.A., Eaniuo I.N., AEo?aaeaa A.A., Aeaaeeia N.A., Oaeaiei A.I.,
Aooaiei I.A., Ainei TH.A. “I?aaeiaaee?i/iay naeoeey eeiaeiiai onei?eoaey
iiiaica?yaeiuo eiiia n A/q=15.” Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee. Na?ey:
yaea?ii-oece/aneea enneaaeiaaiey (Oai?ey e yenia?eiaio). Aui. 6(6),
Oa?ueeia, OOOE, 1989 a., no?. 23-27.

Aiiei A.A., ?oaeye A.E., Eiaaoe A.O. Aa?aaeiie N.I., OoeeeaI.A.,
AonaaA.A., Aaeae A.N., Caaeai?iue A.N. “Eeiaeiue onei?eoaeue oyaeaeuo
eiiia n aunieie eioaineaiinoueth io/ea aeey eiieaioaoeeiiiuo oeaeae.”
Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee. Na?ey: ssaea?ii-oece/aneea
enneaaeiaaiey (Oai?ey e yenia?eiaio). Aui. 6(6), Oa?ueeia,OOOE, 1989 a.,
n. 9-11.

Aiiei A.A., ?oaeye A.E. Eiaaoe A.O., Aeai/oeI.E., Eaniuo I.N., IeiaA.A.,
Aaiaaoeaa E.O., AEo?aaeaa A.A., ?aaooeeeeA.E., Aii/a?aieiE.E.,
NieieA.I., Aa?aaeeiA.ss., E?aa/aieiA.E. “Ninoiyiea aeae ii iaeaaeea
eeiaeiiai onei?eoaey iiiaica?yaeiuo eiiia.” Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e
oaoieee. Na?ey: Oaoieea oece/aneiai yenia?eiaioa. Aui. 3(34),
Oa?ueeia,OOOE, 1987 a., n. 8-13.

A.N. 1336930 NNN?, IEE2 I05I 9/04. Onei?ythuay no?oeoo?a aeey eeiaeiiai
onei?eoaey eiiia. /A.A.Aiiei, A.O.Aeuey/aiei, A.O.Eiaaoe, A.E.?oaeye/
Cayaeaii 23.01.86 a. Iioaeeeiaaii 30.05.88 a. Ioe?uoey. Ecia?aoaiey.
1988 a., N20, n.269.

A.N. 1336931 NNN?, IEE3 I05I 9/04. Onei?ythuay nenoaia eeiaeiiai
onei?eoaey eiiia. /Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O., Eiaaoe A.O., ?oaeye A.E.
?4007101. Cayaeaii 13.01.1986 a. Iioaeeeiaaii 15.06.1988 a. Ioe?uoey.
Ecia?aoaiey 1988 a. N22,.n.281.

A.N.1376931 NNN?, IEE3 I05I 9/04. Onei?ythuay no?oeoo?a eeiaeiiai
onei?eoaey eiiia. Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O, Eiaaoe A.O., ?oaeye A.E.
?4076041. Cayaeaii 09.06.1986 a. Iioaeeeiaaii 07.11.1989 a. Ioe?uoey.
Ecia?aoaiey. 1989 a. N41, n.287.

Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O., Eiaaoe A.O., ?oaeye A.E. “Enneaaeiaaiea
no?oeoo? aeey onei?aiey oyaeaeuo eiiia.” Iaci?., Iineaa,
OeIEEaoiieioi?i, 1988 a., 26 n.

Aiiei A.A., Eiaaoe A.O., ?oaeye A.E. Eaniuo I.N., Iaeaoeia N.E., Aeai/oe
I.E., Ieia A.A., ?aaooeeee A.E., Aaiaaoeaa E.O., Nieie A.I., Iaeuoei
A.A., Aeaaeeia N.A., AEo?aaeaa A.A., Iiiiia?/oe A.E., E?aa/aiei A.E.,
Eoi?eyiia A.I., ?aoaoieeia A.I., Aa?aaeei A.ss., Aa?aaeiie N.I., Oeaeiye
I.A., Nei?iiiue A.I. “Eiiieaeniay iaeaaeea eeiaeiiai onei?eoaey
iiiaica?yaeiuo eiiia.” O?oaeu 10ai Ananithciiai niaauaiey ii onei?eoaeyi
ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe.” Aeoaia, 1987 a., O.2, n.160-163.

Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O., Eiaaoe A.O. Ieia A.A., ?oaeye A.E.,
OeaeiyeI.A. “Aunieiyooaeoeaiay onei?ythuay no?oeoo?a eeiaeiiai
onei?eoaey oyaeaeuo eiiia.” O?oaeu 10ai Ananithciiai niaauaiey ii
onei?eoaeyi ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe.” Aeoaia, 1987 a., O.1 n. 164-168.

Aiiei A.A., Aaiaaoeaa E.O., Aii/a?aiei E.E., Aeai/oe I.E.,
AEo?aaeaaA.A., Eiaaoe A.O. E?aa/aiei A.E., Eoi?eyiia A.I., EaniuoI.N.
Ieia A.A., ?aaooeeee A.E., ?oaeye A.E., Nei?iiiue A.I., Oeaeiye I.A.
“Auaiae eeiaeiiai onei?eoaey iiiaica?yaeiuo eiiia (EOICE) ia ?aai/ee
?aaeei.” O?oaeu 11ai Ananithciiai niaauaiey ii onei?eoaeyi ca?yaeaiiuo
/anoeoe.” Aeoaia, 1989 a., O.1 n. 185-188.

Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O., Eiaaoe A.O. ?oaeye A.E., Ayeia A.I.,
Ino?ioiia I.I. “Yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee onei?ythuae
no?oeoo?u eeiaeiiai onei?eoaey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia Iineianeie iaciiiie
oaa?eee.” O?oaeu 13-ai niaauaiey ii onei?eoaeyi ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe,
Aeoaia, 1993 a., O. 1, no?. 156-160.

Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O., Eiaaoe A.O., Iacaeia TH.I., ?oaeye A.E.
“Ianneaiua ?aciiainiua yeaiaiou a nenoaia ieaaiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey yia?aee
a eeiaeiuo onei?eoaeyo eiiia.” O?oaeu 15 niaauaiey ii onei?eoaeyi
ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe, I?ioaeii, 1996, O. 2. N.54-57.

Aiiei A.A., ?oaeye A.E., Eiaaoe A.O. Aeuey/aiei A.O., Ieia A.A.,
Aa?aaeiie N.I., Aac?iaeiue TH.A., Iaeaoeiaa TH.A., Nei?iiiue A.I.,
Oeaeiye I.A., Oaeaiei A.I. “I?iaeo eeiaeiiai onei?eoaey oyaeaeuo eiiia
ia yia?aeth 1 IyA ia ioeeii aeey i?eeeaaeiuo enneaaeiaaiee.” Oacenu
aeieeaaeia. Aeanyoue Ananithciue naieia? ii eeiaeiui onei?eoaeyi
ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe., Oa?ueeia, 1987 a., no?.10.

Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O., Eiaaoe A.O. “Onei?ythuay no?oeoo?a
eeiaeiiai onei?eoaey oyaeaeuo eiiia ia yia?aeth 1 IyA ia ioeeii.” Oacenu
aeieeaaeia. Aeanyoiai Ananithciiai naieia?a ii eeiaeiui onei?eoaeyi
ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe., Oa?ueeia, 1987 a., no?. 83.

Aiiei A.A., Aeuey/aiei A.O., Eiaaoe A.O., ?oaeye A.E. “Onei?ythuay
no?oeoo?a ano?a/ii-oou?aaiai oeia n i?yiioaieueiui na/aieai ?aciiaoi?a.”
Aiiioaoeey aeieeaaeia 11-ai Ananithciiai naieia?a ii eeiaeiui
onei?eoaeyi ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe, Oa?ueeia, 1989 a., no?.70.

Aa?noeia E.A., Aaeaaei A.E., Aiiei A.A., Aeai/aiei I.A., CoaianeeeA.A.,
Eiaaoe A.O., Eociaoeia A.E., Eooei A.A., Iacaeia TH.I., Ieuaiei A.A.,
Ianoa?ia I.A., I?aoieeia A.TH.. Ieioieeia N.A., ?oaeye A.E., Neeaei
A.E., Oeaeiye I.A., *oaeei E.A., Ooeeea I.A. “Onei?eoaeueiue eiiieaen
oyaeaeuo eiiia aeey i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa o?aeiauo iaia?ai.”
Aiiioaoeee aeieeaaeia. 14-a niaauaiea ii onei?eoaeyi ca?yaeaiiuo
/anoeoe. I?ioaeii, 1994 a., no?.154.

Aiiei A.A., Eiaaoe A.O., Iacaeia TH.I. “Aiciiaeiinoue onei?aiey eiiia ia
aunoeo iiaeao ano?a/ii-oou?aaie onei?ythuae no?oeoo?u.” Aiiioaoeee
aeieeaaeia 16 niaauaiey ii onei?eoaeyi ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe, I?ioaeii,
1998, no?. 17.

Eiaaoeue A.I. I?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a o e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/ao
c cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaith no?oeoo?ith. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.20 — o?ceea io/e?a
ca?yaeaeaieo /anoie. ?inoeooo ieaciiai? aeaeo?ii?ee ? iiaeo iaoiae?a
i?enei?aiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o “Oa?e?anueeee
O?ceei-Oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”, Oa?e?a, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaeo no?oeoo? aeey
i?enei?aiiy io/e?a aaaeeeo ?ii?a o e?i?eieo ?aciiainieo i?enei?thaa/ao.
Ia ianooaaieo iiaeaeyo aeine?aeaeai? aoaeoeai? iiaeeo?eaoe??
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaeo no?oeoo?. ?ic?iaeaii i?ea?iaeuei? aeaiaioe
iano?ithaaiiy i?enei?thth/iai iiey, cai?iiiiiaai? iia? iaoiaee
?aaoethaaiiy aia?a??. Noai?aii eiino?oeoe?? no?oeoo? e?i?eieo
i?enei?thaa/?a aeey ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue (i?enei?thaa/ EOIC?
? i?enei?thaa/ ?aae?iaeoeaieo ioee?ae?a EO?AI) ? i?eeeaaeieo oe?eae
(?iieaioaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? ? ae?iaieoeoai o?aeiaeo iaia?ai).

Eeth/ia? neiaa: io/ee aaaeeeo ?ii?a, e?i?eiee i?enei?thaa/,
cono??/ii-ooe?ueiaa no?oeoo?a, ?aaoethaaiiy aia?a?? i?enei?aieo ?ii?a,
?aciiaini? nenoaie iano?ieee.

Kobets A.P. Interdigital Linacs for Acceleration of Heavy Ion Beams. –
Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 01.04.20 – physics of
charged particles beams. – National Scientific Center “Kharkiv Institute
of Physics and Technology”, Kharkiv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the elaboration of interdigital H-structures
for accelerating of heavy ion beams at linear resonant accelerators.
Effective versions of interdigital H-structures were investigated
experimentally at the scale models. Unique elements for accelerating
field tuning were designed, new methods for energy variation of
accelerated beams of charged particles are proposed. Configurations of
accelerated structures of linear accelerators are created for
fundamental investigations (LUMZI accelerator and LURAN accelerator of
radioactive nuclides), and for applied researches (implantation
technologies, track membranes fabrication etc).

Key words: heavy ion beams, linear accelerator, interdigital
H-structure, variation of the energy of accelerated ions, resonant
tuning systems.

Eiaaoe A.O. Onei?aiea io/eia oyaeaeuo eiiia a eeiaeiuo onei?eoaeyo ni
ano?a/ii-oou?aaie no?oeoo?ie-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.20 – oeceea io/eia
ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe. – Iaoeeiiaeueiue iao/iue oeaio? “Oa?ueeianeee
Oeceei-Oaoie/aneee einoeooo”, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth e iieneo iiauo iooae onei?aiey
io/eia oyaeaeuo eiiia a eeiaeiuo onei?eoaeyo ni ano?a/ii-oou?aaie
onei?ythuae no?oeoo?ie. I?eaiaeeony iienaiea ?ac?aaioie, naycaiiuo n
nicaeaieai ?aaeueiuo onei?eoaeae, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo eae aeey iao/iuo
enneaaeiaaiee n io/eaie oyaeaeuo eiiia, oae e aeey i?eeeaaeiuo oeaeae.

?ac?aaioai eiiieaen iano?ia/iuo nenoai e ono?ienoa oi?ie?iaaiey
caaeaiiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey onei?ythuaai iiey, eioi?ua eiatho aeey
ano?a/ii-oou?aaie onei?ythuae no?oeoo?u ?aoathuaa cia/aiea. Nicaeaia
iaeaieaa aeaeay e yooaeoeaiay nenoaia iano?ieee ?aciiainiiai e
ia?aciiainiiai oeia. Ii oeeeeo ?ac?aaioee nenoai iano?ieee
ano?a/ii-oou?aaie onei?ythuae no?oeoo?u, niaea?aeauaeny a aeenna?oaoeee,
caueuaii 3 aaoi?neea naeaeaoaeuenoaa ia ecia?aoaiea.

Aeey onei?aiey io/eia oyaeaeuo eiiia ia i?aaeiaaee?i/iie naeoeee EOICE
i?eiaiaia iiaeeoeeaoeey ano?a/ii-oou?aaie onei?ythuae no?oeoo?u a aeaea
?aciiaoi?a n i?yiioaieueiui na/aieai, /oi cia/eoaeueii oi?inoeei aa
eiino?oeoeeth i?e nio?aiaiee aunieiai ooioiaiai nii?ioeaeaiey.
I?eiaieoaeueii e yoie nenoaia nicaeaia iiaay eiino?oeoeey eiioeaaiai
?aciiainiiai yeaiaioa iano?ieee, eioi?ay, a ioee/ea io oaeiaie aeey
iniiaiie naeoeee EOICE e eiaeooea?ia, i?eiaiyaiuo a ca?oaaaeiuo
eiino?oeoeeyo, ia o?aaoao ianoueo ieeo.

Nicaeaia iiaay iiaeeoeeaoeey ano?a/ii-oou?aaie no?oeoo?u a eioi?ie
aia?aua iauaaeeiaiu aiaaeeii ianeieueei iiauo eiino?oeoeaiuo i?eioeeiia,
i?eaiaeyueo e aeaeueiaeoaio iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe. Yoi – ?aaeecaoeey
eaeae naeaeaa ine aia?oo?iiai eaiaea, ii eioi?ie inouanoaeyaony
onei?aiea io/ea, ioiineoaeueii ine ?aciiaoi?a. I?e yoii, /aoiua o?oaee
ae?aeoa aeanoei e?aiyony e aieiaie noaiea ?aciiaoi?a, a ia/aoiua
iiaeniaaeeiaiu a?oiiaie e i?iaeieueiui ianouei yeaiaioai, ?aniieiaeaiiui
aaeieue ine ?aciiaoi?a, cae?aieaiiuie ia iaeiie eee aeaoo ianoueo
ooaiaao, auianaiiuo ia?oaeo a thnoe?iai/iua oceu. Iano?ia/iua
oieiianouea ooaiae iiaeniaaeeiaiu iiia?ii – neiiao?e/ii e i?iaeieueiui
ianouei yeaiaioai e ?aniieiaeaiu ?aaiiia?ii ii aeeeia, iacaaeneii io
?anoouae aeeeiu onei?ythueo ia?eiaeia, iiae oaeaie, iaania/eaathueie
eieaeueioth iano?ieeo. Eiioeaaua ?aciiainiua yeaiaiou iano?ieee
ia?acothony /aoaa?oue-aieiiauie o/anoeaie eiioeia i?iaeieueiuo ianoueo
yeaiaioia, iauaaeeiythueie ianeieueei ia/aoiuo o?oaie ae?aeoa ia
aoiaeiie e auoiaeiie /anoe no?oeoo?u. Oaeay nenoaia cia/eoaeueii
?anoe?yao aiciiaeiinoe iano?ieee e oi?ie?iaaiey ?aaiiia?iiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey onei?ythuaai iiey e caueuaia aaoi?neei naeaeaoaeuenoaii.

Ia aaca yoie iiaeeoeeaoeee onei?ythuae no?oeoo?u ni naeaeiooie inueth
io/ea ?ac?aaioaiu onei?eoaee aeey i?eeeaaeiuo oeaeae. Aianoi
?aeiino?oe?oaiiai onoa?aaoaai onei?eoaey EOI-9 i?aaeeaaaaony nii?oaeeoue
onei?eoaeue oyaeaeuo eiiia ia yia?aeth 1 IyA/i n A/q=20 aeey
eiieaioaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee e i?iecaiaenoaa o?aeiauo iaia?ai. Aeey
i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa o?aeiauo iaia?ai ia caaiaea “Oaici?” a.
Aeoaia ?ac?aaioai onei?eoaeueiue eiiieaen a ninoaaa eioi?iai iniiaiay
naeoeey, aaea eiiu aieueo?aia onei?ythony io 0,419 IyA/i aei eiia/iie
yia?aee 1,76 IyA/i.

Aeey nicaeaiey eeiaeiiai onei?eoaey ?aaeeiaeoeaiuo ioeeeaeia EO?AI i?e
Iineianeie iaciiiie oaa?eea enneaaeiaaiu aiciiaeiinoe nicaeaiey
onei?ythuae no?oeoo?u, niiniaiie ?aaioaoue a iai?a?uaiii ?aaeeia i?e
iaeneiaeueii aiciiaeiii cia/aiee ioiioaiey ianniaiai /enea e ca?yaeiaiio
(A/q=60). I?e yoii iniiaiuie o?aaiaaieyie yaeythony eae iiaeii aieaa
aunieia ooioiaia nii?ioeaeaiea, aieueoay aeeeia aieiu e aunieee oaii
onei?aiey. Enoiaey ec o?aaoaiie aaee/eiu eiia/iie yia?aee eiiia (6,5
IyA/i), inouanoaeaia iioeiaeueiay eiiiiiiaea iauae noaiu onei?eoaey,
niaeanii eioi?ie a aeeaiaciia yia?aee eiiia io 0,06 aei 6,5 IyA/i
i?eiaiyaony 5 naeoeee onei?ythuae no?oeoo?u ano?a/ii-oou?aaiai oeia n
?acee/iuie n?aaenoaaie oieone?iaee io/ea a i?ioeanna onei?aiey
(eaaae?oiieueiua iaaieoiua eeicu, no?oeoo?a oieone?iaee n ioeaaie
neio?iiiie oacie, oieone?othuea eaaae?oiieueiua o?eieaou).
Enneaaeiaaiey, iienaiiua a aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa, iicaieeee aeiaanoe
?ac?aaioeo aei o?iaiy oaoie/aneiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey.

?aoaia i?iaeaia ieaaiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey yia?aee ai ano?a/ii-oou?aaie
onei?ythuae no?oeoo?a. Iieacaia i?eioeeieaeueiay aiciiaeiinoue e
auiieiai caeeth/eoaeueiue oeeee enneaaeiaaiee ia iiaeaee onei?ythuae
no?oeoo?u iniiaiie naeoeee EOICE, iaeaieaa aeeeiiie onei?ythuae
no?oeoo?u ano?a/ii-oou?aaiai oeia , iaoiaeyuaeny a yenieoaoaoeee. Auei
iieacaii, /oi caeiaeaiiua a aa eiino?oeoeee yeaiaiou iano?ieee iicaieeee
nicaeaaaoue o/anoee ?aaiiia?iiai iiey ?aaoee?oaiie i?ioyaeaiiinoe e oai
naiui a iieiie ia?a ?aoeoue i?iaeaio ieaaiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey yia?aee
eiiia a i?aaeaeao (0,3 – 1) Wmax. Yoi iiaia ea/anoai eeiaeiiai
onei?eoaey oyaeaeuo eiiia, nii?oaeaiiiai ia aaca ano?a/ii-oou?aaie
no?oeoo?u.

Aia?aua i?eaiaeeony eceiaeaiea iiaiai i?eioeeia onei?aiey ia aunoeo
iiaeao, eiathueo ii?aaeaeaiioth aiaeiaeth ?ani?aaeaeaiey yeaeo?e/aneiai
iiey n ?aai/ae aieiie. I?eiaieoaeueii e IIN EOICE yoi icia/aao
aiciiaeiinoue oaaee/aiey yia?aee io/eia onei?aiiuo oyaeaeuo eiiia n 1
aei 2,56 IyA/i, a aeey IN EOICE ioe?uaaaony aiciiaeiinoue iiauoaiey
yia?aee onei?aiiuo eiiia n 8,5 aei 10 IyA/i.

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey e ?ac?aaioee iicaieeee ?aoeoue iaeioi?ua
i?eioeeieaeueiua i?iaeaiu, naycaiiua n aieaa aeoaieei iiieiaieai
yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneeo i?ioeannia onei?aiey io/ea oyaeaeuo eiiia e
auiieieoue ?yae eiino?oeoeaiuo ?ac?aaioie yooaeoeaiuo iiaeeoeeaoeee
ano?a/ii-oou?aaie onei?ythuae no?oeoo?u, aa nenoai e yeaiaioia
eiino?oeoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: io/ee oyaeaeuo eiiia, eeiaeiue onei?eoaeue,
ano?a/ii-oou?aaay no?oeoo?a, ?aaoee?iaaiea yia?aee onei?aiiuo eiiia,
?aciiainiua nenoaiu iano?ieee.

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