Природна резистентність та імунобіологічна реактивність телят м’ясних порід при різних системах вирощування: Автореф. дис… канд. вет. наук / В.М. Ли

EAA?IAO I?I?NO??A OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Eeoaeiaiei A?eoi? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 619:612.017.11:616.3:636.2.083

I?E?IAeIA ?ACENOAIOI?NOUe OA ?IOIIA?IEIA?*IA ?AAEOEAI?NOUe OAEssO
I’ssNIEO II??Ae I?E ??CIEO NENOAIAO AE?IUOAAIIss

16.00.08. – ai?ciioieia?y oa ?ioaeoe?ei? oai?iae

AAOI?AOA?AO

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ai?ciioieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

— aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e AI AO Oe?a?ie Eeoaei
Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ai?ciioieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?a/aiei Aaneeue Ion?eiae/,
A?eioea?e?anueeee

aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ae?aaiinoeee
?ioaeoe?eieo oai?ia

— eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe Iaaeaiei Ieeiea Noaiaiiae/, aee?aeoi?
Oeaio?aeueii? aea?aeaaii? eaai?aoi??? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie I?i. AIE.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 26 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 10-00 aiae.
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee a iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 15,
iaa/aeueiee ei?i. ?3, aoae. 65

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: 252041, Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 11,
iaa/aeueiee ei?i. ?10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ai?oi?/oe A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie ? caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy aenieiye?niei i’ynii. Aei 2000 ?ieo
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny cae?enieoe ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th ii?iaeiiai neeaaeo a
neioa?noa? caaaeyee ia?aoiaeo a?ae eiia?iiaaieo ii??ae ca
i?iaeoeoeai?noth aei niaoe?ae?ciaaieo — iiei/iiai (6,6 iei. ei??a) oa
i’yniiai (2 iei. ei??a) iai?yie?a. I?e oeueiio yeiae/eia ? oaeyoeia
iiaeiia noaiiaeoe a?eueoa 50 % a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? i’yna, yea
ae?iaeythoue o e?a?i? (A. Aei?iaethe, 1993; I. Coaaoeue, A. Ao?eao,
1996; E. N??aoeueeee, A. Ia?eoo?i, I. Einoaiei oa ?i., 1996). Ioaea,
aeieeea iio?aaa noai?eoe ie?aio aaeocue i’yniiai neioa?noaa — iaae?eiiai
?aca?ao iaea?aeaiiy aenieiye?nii? yeiae/eie c iacia/ieie cao?aoaie
aia?aiiin??a.

C a?aee?eooyi o 1993 ?ioe? Aieiaiiai naeaeoe?eiiai oeaio?o Oe?a?ie
(ANOe), i. Ia?ayneaa-Oiaeueieoeueeee Ee?anueei? iaeano?, a yeiio
neiioeaio?iaai? e?au? aaiaoe/i? ?ano?ne niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai iiei/iiai oa
i’yniiai neioa?noaa, ?icii/aeanue aeoeaia oe?eani?yiiaaia ?iaioa a/aieo
? naeaeoe?iia??a-i?aeoee?a ii noai?aiith iiaeo ii??ae aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae c aeei?enoaiiyi /i?ii-?yaeo ? /a?aiii-?yaeo aieooei?a ?c Eaiaaee
? NOA, ?ioaineaii ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny ia?anaaeaeaiiy aia??ii?a i’ynieo
ii??ae, oi?iothoueny iia? iaoeia? oa iaoiaee/i? iniiae ?ici?uaiiy oa
aeei?enoaiiy ieai?iieo ?ano?n?a o oaa?eiieoeoa? (?.N. Aieaiei, A.A.
Iaaeenii, E.A. Iaaeenii oa ?i., 1995; TH.I. Ea?anee, A.I. Ao?eao,
I.A.Coaaoeue oa ?i., 1995; I. Inoai/oe, 1996 oa ?i.).

Iaeiae ieoaiiy aaeaioaoe?? ? caa?aaeaiiy ?iii?oieo oaa?ei i?ae /an ?o
ae?iuoaaiiy ia aeiae?ee? caeeoathoueny iaei aea/aieie ? ? aaaeeeaith
i?iaeaiith no/anii? aa?a?ii? iaoee (N.?. Ieyuaiei, 1991; TH.I. Oiiei,
1993; E. N??aoeueeee, A. Ia?eoo?i, I. Einoaiei oa ?i., 1996).

Aaa?aeei-aiaon?a, e?iocei?a, aa?aoi?ae?a oa ooaeiao ?ioeo i’ynieo ii??ae
a oiiaao ANOe i?ioyaii ?ieo ae?iuothoue ia a?aee?eoiio iia?o??, a
caaiiao. O oeae ia??iae ?o iiaiia?iaeaeaiee iieiaeiye aei 7-i?ny/iiai
a?eo ciaoiaeeoueny c ei?iaaie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie, a iio?i o ao?oao, aea
cacia? iino?eiiai aieeao ??cieo eieeaaiue oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y oa
aoiinoa?ieo iiaae?a. Noai i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ii?
?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo iio?aao? aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy aeey
iiaeaeueoiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ??cieo nenoai ae?iuoaaiiy i’ynieo ii??ae oa
iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo aeey naeaeoe?eiiai a?aeai?o no?eeeo
i?ioe caoai?thaaiue oaa?ei.

Aiaeii/an iioe?aiiy a aeayeeo ENI oeoieiai-eeoeiaeo caoai?thaaiue na?aae
oaeyo ?aiiueiai a?eo, ?o aeniea eaoaeuei?noue, cia/i? aeiiii?/i? caeoee,
niiioeathoue aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a i?aoethaaoe iaae ?ica’ycaiiyi ia
eeoa ieoaiue niaoeeo?/ii? i?io?eaeoeee ?ioaeoe?eieo oai?ia, a e aanoe
iiooe cania?a ? iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueii? ianiaoeeo?/ii?
?acenoaioiino? (A.I. Eeoaei, N.?. ?aci?e, I.A. A’thieoeueea, 1986; ?.I.
Ea?iooue, O.O. I?ioi?ia, N.N. Aa?aiia, 1989; A.I. Eeoaei, 1990; A.N.
Ai?ii?i, E.ss. Noaoeaaa, O.I. A?yciaaa, 1990; A.?. Eaa/aiei, A.?.
Aieiaaoa, A.I. Iaaeoi/?e, 1995 oa ?i.). Cie?aia, ia?niaeoeaiei ?
aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?ioee?a aaeoa?eio-SL, nii?ieaeoo, iiiinii?eio-IE,
a?o?aeoiaaeoa?eio aaoa?eia?iiai oa ?i. (A.A. Nie?iia, N.?. ?aci?e, A.I.
Eeoaei oa ?i., 1989; A.I. Eeoaei, A.A. Iie?uoe, 1991; A.I. Eeoaei, E.?.
Aiiaea?aiei, A.I. Nao?i, 1994; A.I. Eeoaei, N.?. ?aci?e, I.A.
A’thieoeueea, 1994; A.I. Eeoaei, 1996; A.I. Eeoaei, I.A. A?eai?’?a, A.A.
Iie?uoe, 1997; L. Jeremija, Joseph Rasic, 1983; M.F. Stiven, 1991 oa
?i.).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o ieai? aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai? oaiaoeee
«I?iaeiaieuenoai-95», aea?ae?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia? 0193025528. Cacia/aia
coiiaeei iaoo ? caaaeaiiy iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei anoaiiaeoe noai i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa
?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo i’ynieo ii??ae
(aaa?aeei-aiaonueei? oa e?ioceinueei?) i?ae /an ia?aaoaaiiy ?o i?ioyaii
?ieo ia ianiaeu? ii??aiyii c i?noeaaith neiaioaeuenueeith ii?iaeith, yeo
oo?eioaaee ca o?aaeeoe?eiei iaoiaeii o oaeyoieeao, aeey iiaeaeueoiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueii? nenoaie ?o ae?iuoaaiiy.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoe aoee aecia/ai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— c’ynoaaoe ai?ciioieia?/io neooaoe?th uiaei eeoeiaeo caoai?thaaiue
oaeyo o ANOe Oe?a?ie;

— aea/eoe a?eia?, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ? naciii? ci?ie iieaciee?a i?e?iaeii?
?acenoaioiino? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo
aaa?aeei-aiaonueei? ii?iaee;

— aecia/eoe a?eia?, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ? naciii? ci?ie iieaciee?a
i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio
oaeyo ii?iaee e?iocei;

— aeine?aeeoe a?eia?, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ? naciii? iieacieee i?e?iaeii?
?acenoaioiino? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo
i?noeaai? neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee;

— aecia/eoe ??aaiue caaaeueiiai a?eea oa a?eeia? o?aeoe?? e?ia?,
e?euee?noue O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a o oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaonueei?,
e?ioceinueei? oa neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee;

— ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaanoe ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo iieaciee?a
caaaeueii? ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio aeine?aeieo oaeyo c
iieacieeaie ?o ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo;

— aenia?eiaioaeueii ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe aeioe?eueio nenoaio
ae?iuoaaiiy oaeyo i’ynieo ii??ae c a?aooaaiiyi iieaciee?a i?e?iaeii?
?acenoaioiino? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? ?o i?aai?cio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? aea/aii
i?e?iaeio ?acenoaioi?noue iieiaeiyea aaa?aeei-aiaonueei? oa
e?ioceinueei? ii?iaee, yeeo oo?eioaaee ca iaoiaeii ae?iuoaaiiy ia
ianiaeu? ii??aiyii c i?ea’yciei iaoiaeii oo?eiaiiy oaeyo
neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee. I?iaiae?ciaaii aee?iaoecaoe?th iieiaeiyea
iiaicaaacaieo ei??a a oiiaao E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?eeiyoee a ANOe Oe?a?ie i?aenenii-a?oiiaee iaoiae
ae?iuoaaiiy oaeyo i’ynieo ii??ae ?acii c ei?iaaie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie
caaacia/o? aeu? iieacieee ?o i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa
?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino?. Ca cacia/aieie iieacieeaie, i?e?inoii
aeeai? iane, caa?aaeaiiyi oaeyo iaea?eueo aaeaioiaaiith aei aieeao
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua aeyaeeanue aaa?aeei-aiaonueea ii?iaea, yeo
ne?ae oe?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ?icaaaeaiiy oa aeaaaeaiiy iiaeo i’ynieo
ii??ae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ii?
?aaeoeaiino? oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaonueei? ? e?ioceinueei? ii?iaee aeathoue
ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i aeioe?euei?noue ?o oo?eioaaiiy ? ae?iuoaaiiy
aei 7-i?ny/iiai a?eo a caaiiao ia ianiaeu? ?acii c
ei?iaaie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie, a i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy – a?oiiaei iaoiaeii ca
oiiae caaacia/aiiy ianiaeuai ? aeia?iye?nieie ei?iaie.

O?aaeeoe?eiee iaoiae oo?eiaiiy ? ae?iuoaaiiy oaeyo neiaioaeuenueei?
ii?iaee a i?ei?uaiiyo i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy ee?oeiieo ?
aoii?aeueieo caoenieo iieaciee?a i?aai?cio, aeii?ioaaiiy a o?aaiiio
eaiae? eaeoiciiaaaoeaieo aoa??o?e, naeueiiiae, noao?eieie?a, ania?a?e,
i?ioay, i?iyao aeenaaeoa??ico oa aiciioe/ieo niaeao?a aoa??o?ico,
naeueiiiaeueico. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe i?ae /an
i?iaaaeaiiy i?io?eaeoeii-e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a oa ieai?iii? ?iaioe.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue
i?ioyaii 1994-1997 ??. ia eaoaae?? ai?ciioieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (IAO), a a?aeae?e? aioea?ioee?a ?inoeoooo
i?e?ia?ieia?? oa a??onieia?? (?IA) IAI Oe?a?ie, oa a aaeoa??ieia?/i?e
eaai?aoi??? ANOe Oe?a?ie. Aaoi?ii aeanii?o/ii i?iaaaeai? an?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ca iniiaieie iaoiaeeeaie, iienaieie o aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa ani??aio?a oaeoeueoaoo
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie IAO (Ee?a, 1997, 1998), ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio
nai?ia?? (??aia, 1998), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«I?iaeaiu iaoieiaee, naieoa?ee e aanieiaeey a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa» (Ieine,
1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o 6 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo, o oiio /ene? 3 noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo ?aaeaiaoiaaieo
ia?ae?eii AAE Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a,
i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (246 ia?oiaeaea?ae). ?iaioa
aeeeaaeaia ia 148-noi??ieao, i?noeoue 31 oaaeeoeth, 40 ?enoie?a.

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee i?ioyaii 1994-1997 ??. o ANOe Oe?a?ie ia
i’yniiio ?ai?iaeoeoi?? n. *e?nueea oa a?aeae?eeo ANOe n. Aeaieo?a. Ia
i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo, ai?ciioieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy
ainiiaea?noaa iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue. I?ae /an naciiieo ioaeaiue i’ynii? ooaeiae aoei
noi?iiaaii 3 a?oie aeine?aeieo oaeyo ii 7 aie?a o eiaei?e, i?ae?a?aieo
ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a. Ia?oa a?oia — oaeyoa ii?iaee aaa?aeei-aiaon;
ae?oaa — oaeyoa ii?iaee e?iocei, yeeo oo?eioaaee ia i’yniiio
?ai?iaeoeoi?? ca iaoiaeii ae?iuoaaiiy ia a?aee?eoiio iia?o??. O?aoy
a?oia — neiaioaee, yeeo i?e ia?iaeaeaii? oo?eioaaee a ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
ee?oeao ia ?o/iiio aeiithaaii?, a i?ney 20-30-aeaiiiai a?eo — a
oaeyoieeo.

Iaoa??ae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeae?aee o oaeyo c ia?oeo aei?a i?ney
ia?iaeaeaiiy ? aei 12-i?ny/iiai a?eo, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe a
aeeiai?oe? iieacieee i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ii?
?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio c a?eii, ca oiia aieeao aiae?ae? ? ci?i ii?e
?ieo. I?iaaaeaii oae? iniiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy: iinoaiiaea
iiniii-oaaioeeoa?ii? ?aaeoe?? c aecia/aiiyi oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? oa
oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? (ca A.N. Aino?aei o
iiaeeo?eaoe?? N.?. Ieyuaiea ? A.O. Neaei?iaa, 1979); aecia/aiiy
aaeoa?eoeeaeii? aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoee e?ia? aei i?e?iaii? eoeueoo?e E.
coli I26 oioiiaoaeiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii (ca Ithinaiii ? O?aoainii o
iiaeeo?eaoe?? I.A. Ni??iiai? ? O.A. Eocueieii?, 1966); aecia/aiith
e?cioeeiii? aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoee e?ia? aei eoeueoo?e M. lysodeikticus
ooai 2665 (ca A.A. Aei?io?e/oeii, 1968 a iiaeeo?eaoe?? a?aeae?eo
ciia?a??ie OIAe?AA, 1990); iinoaiiaeo niaoe?aeueii? aioo??oe??ii? i?iae
c aeaeiniaoeeo?/iith aioene?iaaoeith (ca A.A. I?eieuenueeei, A.I.
Eeoaeiii, 1968); i?ae?aooiie O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a iaoiaeii
?icaoeiooai?aiiy.

sse aeiiiaiaiiy aei oeeo ?aaeoe?e cae?eniaii a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ca oo?aeaeeiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ia a?aenioeiaee ai?no o?aeoe?e a?ee?a o
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaa?ei, a oaeiae ?ao?aeoiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ia ai?no
caaaeueiiai a?eea a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?.

Aeae?eaiiy aioa?iiaoiaaiieo aoa??o?e i?ae /an caoai?thaaiiy
eie?aaeoa??icii oaeyo ? aea/aiiy ?o a?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae i?iaiaeeee
ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith ianoaiiaith c eaai?aoi?ii? ae?aaiinoeee
aoa??o?ico (eie?aaeoa??ico) oaa?ei A.I. Aieiaei oa ?i., (1995).
Na?ieia?/io ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th caoaeieea cae?enithaaee ca ?A c
I-eie?ne?iaaoeaie A?iaa??nueei? a?ioaa?eee, a oaeiae ei?enooaaeeny
iaoiaeeeith eaai?aoi??? ae?aaiinoeee eie??ioaeoe?? (?.A. Aieoa?aa oa
?i., 1965; 1972; A.A. Ae?ea?a ? A.A. Ca?ica, 1972; 1976; I.A. Iieyeiaa,
1973).

Aei ? i?ney e?eoaaiiy oaa?ei a?aeae?aee i?iae oaeae?e aeey aea/aiiy
e?euee?niiai ? ye?niiai neeaaeo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a. Oaeae?? ?icaiaeeee
noa?eeueiei 0,85%-iei ?ic/eiii iao??th oei?eaeo a ni?aa?aeiioaii? a?ae
10-1 aei 10-12. ?c oeeo ?icaaaeaiue aiooaaee iacee ? aen?aaee ii 0,1 ie
ia ??ci? iiaeeai? na?aaeiaeua: IIA, Aiaei, A?iieei, I?N, aeaeoeaia
na?aaeiaeua aeey nii?iaeo aa?iaieo aaeoa??e ? ia IIA c 1%-iith
aetheicith. Iiei/iieene? aaeoa??? aecia/aee ia na?aaeiaeu? I?N ca
ci?iaiith iaoiaeeeith, ui cai?iiiiiaaia ?IA AI ONN? (N.?. ?aci?e oa ?i.,
1980), a aioa?iiaoiaaii? aoa??o?? — ia e?ia’yiiio IIA c ai?noii 5%
e?iey/eo a?eo?ioeeo?a.

Aeey aeae?eaiiy a?ea?a aeei?enoiaoaaee nonei-aaa? c aioea?ioeeaie.
Nii?ia? oi?ie aaeoa??e aeae?eyee ca iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie A.A.
Ni??iiaa, N.?. ?aci?ea, ?.A. Ni?ieoeiai? (1980).

Iaoieiaiaiaoii?/i? oa a?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aioo??oi?o i?aai?a
oaeyo i?iaiaeeee ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie.

Oeeo?ia? aeai? ia?iaeai? noaoenoe/ii (I.A Iieyeia oa ?i., 1985).

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ai?ciioieia?/ia neooaoe?y uiaei eeoeiaeo caoai?thaaiue oaeyo o ANOe
Oe?a?ie

Ai?ciioieia?/io neooaoe?th uiaei aino?eo eeoeiaeo caoai?thaaiue oaeyo o
ANOe Oe?a?ie ie aecia/aee caaaeyee ai?ciioieia?/iiio ianoaaeaiith
ainiiaea?noaa, aea/aiith oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei, i?iaaaeaiith
aiae?co aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ieo caoiae?a oa i?e?ia?ieia?/iiio
aeine?aeaeaiith iaoeaiiai iaoa??aeo a eaai?aoi??? eaoaae?e ? ?IA IAI
Oe?a?ie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui a i’yniiio ?ai?iaeoeoi?? ANOe (n.
*e?nueea), aea oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a aei 7-i?ny/iiai a?eo
ae?iuoaaee ?acii c iaoa?yie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie, o?aieyeeny eeoa
iiiaeeiie? caoai?thaaiiy. I?ioa ia a?aeae?eaii? Aeaieo?anueea i?e
oo?eiaii? i?noeaai? neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee a i?ei?uaiiyo o ia??iae
ianiaeo ioaeaiue ei??a (ceia-aania) aino?? oeoieiai-eeoeia?
caoai?thaaiiy noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny cia/iith caaeaaeeth iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
oaeyo.

Neoaeaa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ainiiaea?noaa a?aeiia?aeii aei ae?th/iai
Aaoa?eia?iiai caeiiiaeaanoaa i?iaiaeeea caaaeueiii?eeiyo? aaoa?eia?i?
caoiaee ii ai?iouea? c oeoieiai-eeoeiaeie oai?iaaie oaeyo oa ?o
i?io?eaeoeoe?. Ia i?ioaiiy aaoa?eia?ieo e?ea??a iaie c
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iith iaoith ? c iiceoeaiei ?acoeueoaoii ia
a?aeae?eaii? Aeaieo?anueea canoiniaaii o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ianoaiiaaie
i?aia?aoe aiaao-1 oa nii?ieaeo (aeea. aeo a?ae 14.09.1994 ?.).

I?e oeueiio aeey c’ynoaaiiy ao?ieia?? caoai?thaaiiy oaeyo c iciaeaie
ae?a?a? ie a?aeae?aee oaeae?? oa i?iaiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ai?no
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a ? aecia/eee ?o iaoiaaiiino? ia eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao a
oiiaao a?aa??th eaoaae?e ai?ciioieia?? oa ?IA AI Oe?a?ie.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue cana?ae/othoue, ui
o?aaiee eaiae o oai?eo oaeyo eiioai?iiaaiee eaeoiciiaaaoeaieie
aoa??o?yie, naeueiiiaeaie, noao?eieieaie, ania?a?eaie, ye? a anioe?aoe??
caeaoi? aeeeeeaoe ae?a?ath ? caoai?thaaiiy oaeyo ia eie?aaeoa??ic aai
naeueiiiaeueic. Nai?/ania canoinoaaiiy aioa?ini?aaioo aiaao-1 oa
nii?ieaeoo cia/ii ciaioo? e?euee?noue cacia/aieo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a a 1 a
oaeae?e.

Aeae?eaiee iaie na?iaa? E. coli I26 aeei?enoaii i?e aecia/aii?
aaeoa?eoeeaeii? aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoie e?ia? aeine?aeieo a?oi oaeyo.

I?e iinoaiiaoe? ae?aaiico ia eie?aaeoa??ic oaeyo i?noeaai?
neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee a?aeae?eaiiy Aeaieo?anueea ie a?aoiaoaaee
oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo iaoieiai-aiaoii?/ieo, aaeoa??ieia?/ieo ?
a?noieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aioo??oi?o i?aai?a a?ae o?ueio na?aeeo
o?oi?a oaeyo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaeyoa ?aiiueiai a?eo ca o?aaeeoe?eiiai oo?eiaiiy ?
ae?iuoaaiiy a i?ei?uaiiyo /anoi oai??thoue c iciaeaie aeeniain?? oa
aeenaaeoa??ico, a a ceiiai-aaniyiee ia??iae ?ieo o?aieythoueny
aiciioe/i? niaeaoe eie?aaeoa??ico oa naeueiiiaeueico.

I?e?iaeia ?acenoaioi?noue oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ia ?aaeoeai?noue

I?e?iaeio ?acenoaioi?noue oa ?ioiia?ieia?/io ?aaeoeai?noue i?aai?cio
oaeyo ie aea/aee ia iaeieo ? oeo aea oaa?eiao c o?aooaaiiyi ?o a?eo,
iioiaeaeaiiy, ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae, ?inoo, ?icaeoeo oa ii?e
?ieo. Oea aeaaaei ciiao ii??aiyoe iieacieee i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa
?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo a?aeiia?aeii aei
iniaeeainoae oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy eiaeii? ii?iaee.

sse aeaeii c oaae. 1 ? 2 aeeaa iana ? ?? na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe o
oaeyo aeine?aeieo a?oi iino?eii c?inoaee, i?ioa iaeaeueie aoee iieacieee
a ia?oee ia??iae aeeooy. Oae, o neiaioae?a aeiaiaee i?e??no aoa iaeaeuei
? noaiiaea 1022 a. C 2-i?ny/iiai a?eo ? aei caaa?oaiiy aeine?ae?a a?eueo
no??iea c?inoaiiy aeeai? iane ? ?? na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a aeeai?
iane anoaiiaeaii o oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a. Iaea?eueoee
iieaciee aeeai? iane o oaeyo e?ioceinueei? ii?iaee ie niinoa??aaee o
3-i?ny/iiio a?oe? — 119,5 ? 3,2 ea, o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a — 116,7 ? 4,6 ea
? iaeiaioee o neiaioae?a — 97,9 ? 7,8 ea. Oea ua ?ac i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui
oo?eiaiiy oaeyo ia ianiaeu? c iaoa?yie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieith ?ioaineai?noth ?o ?inoo ? ? a?eueo
aoaeoeaiei. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui c 5-i?ny/iiai a?eo aaa?aeei-aiaone noaee
e?aea?aie ca iieacieeaie aeiaiaiai i?e?inoo aeeai? ? caaaeueii? iane
ii??aiyii c e?ioceiaie oa neiaioaeaie.

Oaaeeoey 1 — Na?aaei? iieacieee aeeai? iane aeine?aeieo oaeyo ca
i?nyoeyie

(I m, n=7), ea

Ii?iaea

oaa?eiA?e oaeyo i?n01 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Aaa?aeei-aiaone35,666,991,3116,7141,9177,9205,7231,7258,0283,3311,0350,0
365,71,13,53,84,64,84,18,76,99,912,612,311,612,6Eiioceie37,566,995,6119,
5146,4172,1198,8228,3250,0271,0294,0309,0337,31,33,63,23,26,36,68,27,15,
46,69,112,813,1Neiaioaee38,169,885,597,9112,0133,0156,0173,0194,0205,422
3,4240,0252,41,73,55,57,87,78,911,011,05,55,56,412,310,1I?ei?oea: — p
0,05 o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai; — p 0,05 a?aeiinii eiio?ieth.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue o oaeyo aeine?aeieo a?oi o
9-i?ny/iiio a?oe? na?aaei? iieacieee aeiaiaiai i?e?inoo aeeai? iane
cia/ii cieceeeny, ui iia’ycaii c ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie ceiiaiai ia??iaeo.
I?ioa ? a oeueiio aeiaaeeo na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no aeeai? iane o
aaa?aeei-aiaon?a aoa iaeaeuei.

E?au? aeai? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo a aeine?aeieo a?oiao oaeyo i’ynieo ii??ae
aaa?aeei-aiaon?a oa e?iocei?a iiaeia iiynieoe ianaiia?aae oaoiieia??th
?o ae?iuoaaiiy, aiae?ae? ? oo?eiaiiy, ui ca?aa?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a.

Oaaeeoey 2- Na?aaei? iieacieee aeiaiaiai i?e?inoo aeeai? iane

(I m, n=7), a

Ii?iaea oaa?eiA?e oaeyo i?n1 3 6 9 12 Aaa?aeei-aiaone1009816978862896
2961498Eiioceie948862871802721 28316620Neiaioaee1022460638549511
2227151812I?ei?oea: — p 0,05 o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai; — p 0,05
a?aeiinii eiio?ieth.

A?aeiii, ui ??no ? ?icaeoie oaeyo a iioiaaiac? aecia/athoue ia o?eueee
ca niaaeeia?noth, a e ca oiiaaie aiae?ae?, iniaeeai a iiei/iee ia??iae
ae?iuoaaiiy. Iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? iiei/i?noue ei??a, yeo
aecia/athoue ca aeeaith ianith oaeyo o a?oe? 6 i?nyoe?a.

Ca aeaieie A.A. I?eieuenueeiai (1974), A.I. Eeoaeia (1987), A.A.
Aa?anei/oea (1993), oaeyoa c e?aueie iieacieeaie i?e?inoo iathoue a?eueo
?icaeioo? iaoai?cie caaaeueii? ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio.
Iieacieee caaaeueii? ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio aeine?aeieo
oaeyo, iaaaaeai? a oaae. 3, na?ae/aoue i?i iiaio ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae
aeeai? iane oa i?e?inoo. I?ae caaaeueiith ?ioiieia?/iith ?aaeoeai?noth
i?aai?cio ? na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie o oaeyo niinoa??aa?oueny
iino?eiee iiceoeaiee ca’ycie, naia oeei iiaeia iiynieoe cia/ii a?eueoa
iioiauaiiy neeaaeee oe??e i?e aaaaeaii? aeaeiniaoeeo?/ii? aioene?iaaoee
oaeyoai-neiaioaeai i?ny/iiai a?eo ii??aiyii c e?ioceiaie ?
aaa?aeei-aiaonaie.

Oaaeeoey 3 — Iieacieee caaaeueii? ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino?
aeine?aeieo oaeyo

uiaei ??cieoe? oiaueie oe??e, (I m, n=7), ii

Ii?iaea oaa?eiA?e oaeyo i?n1 3 6 9 12
Aaa?aeei-aiaone4,73,75,36,68,90,280,360,360,290,26E?ioceie5,44,74,96,38,
70,420,420,290,450,36Neiaioaee6,23,63,76,07,00,180,240,280,210,31I?ei?oe
a: — p 0,05 o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai; — p 0,05 a?aeiinii eiio?ieth.

C a?eii o oaeyo neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee iieacieee ?ioiia?ieia?/ii?
?aaeoeaiino?, noathoue iaioeie, i?ae o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a, ui
iiynith?oueny ?oi?ie iaioeie aeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie iane o?ea ?
iaiaaeaiith ?ooiaith ae?yeuei?noth.

Iaai? ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee niinoa??aathoueny i?ae iieacieeaie caaaeueii?
?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio aeine?aeieo oaa?ei, ?o ?inoii ?
?icaeoeii oa ee?oeiieie ? aoii?aeueieie iieacieeaie i?e?iaeii?
?acenoaioiino?.

O ia?o? 5-7 aei?a aeeooy o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a aeia?a ae?aaeaia
ee?oeiia caoenia ooieoe?y i?aai?cio, yeo iiaeia i?e??aithaaoe aei
i?aai?cio aei?ineeo oaa?ei. Iieacieee oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? ?
oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? cia/ii ia?aaeuoaaee aiaeia?/i?
iieacieee o oaeyo neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee. Oae na?aaei?e iieaciee
oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a noaiiaea 55,4 ?
2,8 %, e?iocei?a — 57,1 ? 0,9 a neiaioae?a — eeoa 31,6 ? 1,7 %.
A?aeiia?aeii oaaioeeoa?i?e ?iaeaen iaeo?io?e?a o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a
aei??aithaaa 8,3 ? 0,9 i.e, e?iocei?a — 14,8 ? 1,0 ? neiaioae?a — 11,5 ?
0,5 i.e.

E??i oiai, iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeai? ?.I. Ianeyiea
(1990, 1992) i?i oa, ui aoii?aeuei? ? ee?oeii? oaeoi?e caoenoo a
iniiaiiio oi?iothoueny i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy caaaeyee iaoa?einueeiio
iieiceao. Ia iaoo aeoieo, o?ioe iaio? iieacieee o neiaioae?a
caeiiii??i?, a?aoiaoth/e oa, ui oaeyo oo?eioaaee ia ?o/iiio aeiithaaii?
iieiea.

sse aeaeii c aeaieo oaae. 4, oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue iaeo?io?e?a e?ia?
o oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a o 3-i?ny/iiio a?oe? aoea aeuith,
i?ae o neiaioae?a, ui na?ae/eoue ia ei?enoue i?aeneniiai iaoiaeo
oo?eiaiiy ? ae?iuoaaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo.

Oaaeeoey 4 — Oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? aeine?aeieo
oaeyo

(I m, n=7), %

Ii?iaea oaa?eiA?e oaeyo i?nIiaiia?.3 6 9 12
Aaa?aeei-aiaone55,453,936,942,654,42,81,61,31,32,0E?ioceie57,156,337,434
,656,10,91,11,91,51,1Neiaioaee31,642,345,642,648,11,72,02,01,82,5I?ei?oe
a: — p 0,05 o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai; — p 0,05 a?aeiinii eiio?ieth.

Oa?aeoa?ii, ui a ?aiiueiio a?oe? (aei 30 ae?a) o an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao
oaeyo iaeaeueie aoee iieacieee i?e?inoo aeeai? iane. O oeae ia??iae
aaeoa?eoeeaeia aeoeai?noue ne?iaaoee e?ia? aei E. coli o
aaa?aeei-aiaon?a noaiiaeea 40,6 ? 2,4 %, e?iocei?a — 38,2 ? 2,8, a
neiaioae?a — 24,0 ? 1,5 % (oaae. 5). Aiaeia?/ii o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ?
e?iocei?a aoee aeueie ii??aiyii c neiaioaeaie iieacieee e?cioeeiii?
aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoee e?ia?.

Oaaeeoey 5 — Na?aaei? iieacieee aaeoa?eoeeaeii? aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoee
e?ia?

aeine?aeieo oaeyo (I m, n=7), %

Ii?iaea oaa?eiA?e oaeyo i?nIiaiia?.3 6 9 12
Aaa?aeei-aiaone40,645,027,630,276,12,41,60,80,91,7E?ioceie38,741,822,221
,374,32,82,11,10,71,7Neiaioaee24,027,031,521,071,51,51,61,51,71,7I?ei?oe
a: — p 0,05 o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai; — p 0,05 a?aeiinii eiio?ieth.

O 3- ? 6-i?ny/iiio a?oe? iieacieee oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno (oaae. 6) ?
e?cioeeiii? aeoeaiino? (oaae. 7) noathoue a?eueoeie o neiaioae?a.
Iiae?ai? ci?ie aeoeaiino? ee?oeiieo ? aoii?aeueieo oaeoi??a
ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? o oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a o
oeueiio a?oe? a oiiaao ae?iuoaaiiy a ANOe iiaeia iiynieoe ca?aeiaiiyi
ianiaeua ? a?aeiia?aeii ??ceei ciaioaiiyi iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o
ei??a-aiaeoaaeueieoeue. Cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? o
aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a ia ii/aoeo ceie iia’ycaia ?c iaaaoeaiei
aieeaii ee?iaoe/ieo oiia. A oeueiio ieoaii? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie ?.?.Aaeueeiaa, I.A.Eociaoeiaa,
A.I. Neaei?iaa oa ?i. (1984).

Oaaeeoey 6 — Oaaioeeoa?iee ?iaeaen iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? aeine?aeieo oaeyo

(I m, n=7), i. e.

Ii?iaea oaa?eiA?e oaeyo i?nIiaiia?.3 6 9 12
Aaa?aeei-aiaone18,319,019,621,722,60,90,60,81,11,1E?ioceie14,819,921,421
,222,71,00,81,31,10,8Neiaioaee11,522,524,321,922,70,50,41,10,80,6I?ei?oe
a: — p 0,05 o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai; — p 0,05 a?aeiinii eiio?ieth.

Oaaeeoey 7 — Na?aaei? iieacieee e?cioeeiii? aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoee e?ia?
aeine?aeieo oaeyo (Im, n=7), %

Ii?iaea oaa?eiA?e oaeyo i?nIiaiia?.3 6 9 12
Aaa?aeei-aiaone9,37,48,410,030,50,50,40,50,51,3E?ioceie9,17,58,111,332,6
0,40,70,40,71,8Neiaioaee5,911,410,218,127,00,70,51,00,80,8I?ei?oea: — p
0,05 o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai; — p 0,05 a?aeiinii eiio?ieth.

Iinooiiai oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue oa oaaioeeoa?iee ?iaeaen o
aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a i?aeaeuothoueny, ui ianaiia?aae na?ae/eoue
i?i aaeaioaoe?th i?aai?cio aei ceiiaeo oiia i?e aaci?ea’yciiio
oo?eiaii?. A 9-i?ny/iiio a?oe? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei iieacieee
oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a o?ioe c?inee ? ae??aiyeenue, a a
12-i?ny/iiio a?oe? o ca’yceo c iiyaith ia ianiaeu? ? a ?aoe?ii?
/o?aaaiue/ na?aei? caeaii? o?aae, c iiceoeaiei aieeaii niiy/iiai
ii?ii?ithaaiiy, aeoeaiei ia?ai?uaiiyi oaa?ei iii?/aia iaea?eueoa
aeoeai?noue ee?oeiieo ? aoii?aeueieo iieaciee?a i?e?iaeii?
?acenoaioiino? c ia?aaaaith o oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a.

I?iaaaeai? iaie a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeueiiai a?eea oa a?eeiaeo
o?aeoe?e ne?iaaoie e?ia? aeine?aeieo oaeyo i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui ?o
e?euee?niee neeaae uiaei aieeao aeiae?eey caeeoa?oueny iaea?eueo
noaa?eueiei (oaae. 8). I?ioa o?aeoe?eia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c a?eii
ci?ith?oueny ? caeaaeeoue a?ae neeaaeo iaoa?einueeiai iieiceaa, iieiea,
aiae?ae? ? oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei.

O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a caaaeueia e?euee?noue a?eea a
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? noaiiaeea 59,0 1,4 a/e, e?iocei?a — 60,0 2,0,
neiaioae?a – 65,0 2,0 a/e. Naia a oeueiio a?oe? ie niinoa??aa?ii
caeaaei?noue aeaieo iieaciee?a a?ae ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaeyo. C a?eii
oaeyo, iieacieee caaaeueiiai a?eea c?inee ? noaee cia/ii a?eueoeie o
e?iocei?a ? aaa?aeei-aiaon?a.

O ?aiiueiio a?oe? iaeoa?aeoa?i?o? ci?ie a?aeaoaaeenue o o?aeoe?eiiio
neeaae? aeiaoe?i?a o a?e ca?eueoaiiy ?-aeiaoe?i?a ? a 6-i?ny/iiio a?oe?
?o e?euee?noue c?inea: o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a aei — 32,0 0,9 %, e?iocei?a —
29,0 0,7 ? neiaioae?a — 26,0 0,7 %. A?aeiia?aeii aei ca?eueoaiiy a
neeaae? aeiaoe?i?a ?-aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe?? a caaaeueiiio neeaae? a?eea
ne?iaaoee e?ia? ciaioeany ai?no aeueaoi?i?a ? aeueaoi?ii-aeiaoe?iiaa
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy.

O 6- ? 12-i?ny/iiio a?oe? ai?no ?-aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe?? a?eea ?
iaea?eueoei o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a, eeoa ia 9-io i?nyoe? a
ceiia?e ia??iae aiie o?ioe cieaeothoueny.

Oaaeeoey 8 — Caaaeueiee a?eie ? a?eeia? o?aeoe?? aeine?aeieo oaeyo

(I m, n=7), a/e, %

A?e oaa?ei i?nCaaaeueiee

a?eieA?eeia?
o?aeoe??Aeueaoi?ieAeiaoe?ie-aeia.-aeia.-aeia.Aaa?aeei-aiaone
Iiaiia?.59,01,449,00,551,00,522,01,113,00,516,01,0364,01,245,00,755,00,7
19,01,016,00,520,01,2668,01,836,01,264,01,217,00,515,01,032,00,9971,02,0
35,00,565,00,521,00,318,00,326,00,41274,01,531,00,669,00,623,00,517,00,8
29,00,8E?ioceieIiaiia?.60,02,048,01,652,01,621,01,716,00,815,00,6366,0
2,043,00,557,00,520,00,818,00,719,00,4669,02,037,00,863,00,818,00,416,00
,529,00,7972,02,036,00,364,00,322,00,617,00,725,01,21275,01,433,00,767,0
0,725,00,716,00,426,00,2NeiaioaeeIiaiia?.65,02,041,01,159,01,124,00,617,
00,818,00,5360,02,039,00,661,00,620,00,923,00,717,00,4667,02,038,00,562,
00,517,00,619,00,526,00,7969,01,539,00,661,00,620,00,717,00,724,01,11272
,01,430,00,870,00,822,00,721,00,727,00,7I?ei?oea: — p 0,05 o
ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai; — p 0,05 a?aeiinii eiio?ieth.

Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eeiaiai niaeo?o aeine?aeieo oaa?ei ca?aathoueny c
ei?aeyoe?eiei aiae?cii ?.A.Aocaaa, A.A. Aa?anei/oea (1989),
aeine?aeaeaiiyie I.I. Ianee, (1984), ye? na?ae/aoue, ui o ae/e?a ?
oaee/ie ??aaiue caaaeueiiai a?eea, aeiaoe?i?a ? ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a
iiceoeaii ca’ycaiee c aaee/eiith aeeai? iane. I?ioa ai?no aeueaoi?i?a,
aeueaoi?ii-aeiaoe?iiaee eiao?oe??io, e?cioeeiia aeoeai?noue ia
ei?aeththoue c aaee/eiith aeeai? iane oaa?ei o an? a?eia? ia??iaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a e?ia? aeine?aeieo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a,
e?iocei?a ? neiaioae?a aeyaeee iinooiiaa ?o c?inoaiiy, ii/eiath/e c
3-i?ny/iiai a?eo. O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo aeine?aeieo a?oi iaie
a?aei?/aii aeuee ai?no O-e?ioioeeo?a ii??aiyii c A-e?ioioeeoaie, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i aeinoaoi?e ?icaeoie a ?aiiueiio a?oe? caoenii? nenoaie
O-e?ioioeeo?a. E?euee?noue O-e?ioioeeo?a oaeiae ca?eueoo?oueny c a?eii
oa a ceiiaee ia??iae ? a /eneiaiio ae?ac? aiie ia?aaa?oothoue
A-e?ioioeeoe.

Iaea?eueoee ai?no O-e?ioioeeo?a noaa?eueii niinoa??aa?oueny o
neiaioae?a, ui iiaeia iiynieoe aeiooaiei uaieaiiyi oaa?ei i?ioe
naeueiiiaeueico, a c o?aooaaiiyi o?eaaeiai oo?eiaiiy a i?ei?uaii?
iino?eiei aieeaii i?e?ii?aai?ci?a iia?o?y.

Oaeei /eiii, caeaaeii a?ae canoiniaaii? oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy oaeyo,
aiae?ae?, oo?eiaiiy ? a?eo, aieeao aeiae?eey ci?iththoueny iieacieee
oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? ? oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno iaeo?io?e?a e?ia?,
aaeoa?eoeeaeii? ? e?cioeeiii? aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoie, caaaeueii?
?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? oaa?ei. C ia?oeo aei?a aeeooy ? aei
12-i?ny/iiai a?eo aiie aoee aeueie o oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaonueei? ?
e?ioceinueei? ii?iaee ii??aiyii c i?noeaaeie neiaioaeaie. Na?ae/aiiyi
oeueiai ? iieacieee ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi, ci?ie o
o?aeoe?eiiio neeaae? a?ee?a o a?e ca?eueoaiiy ?-aeiaoe?i?a.

Aaa?aeei-aiaonueea ii?iaea oaeyo ca iieacieeaie i?e?iaeii?
?acenoaioiino?, ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio ? aeiaiaiai
i?e?inoo aeeai? iane i?ioyaii 12 i?nyoe?a aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeeanue
e?auith ? iaea?eueo aaeaioiaaiith aei aeiae?eey, a ca aaiaoe/iei
iioaioe?aeii ?? ne?ae oe?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ?icaaaeaiiy oa
aeaaaeaiiy iiaeo i’ynieo ? iie?ioaiiy naeaeoe?? ?nioth/eo ii??ae.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue iai ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe,
ui a oiiaao ANOe Oe?a?ie oaeyoa aaa?aeei-aiaonueei? ii?iaee aeia?a
aaeaiooaaeenue a oiiaao aeiae?eey ? i?e caaacia/aii? ?o ei?iii iathoue
aenie? iieacieee i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa caaaeueii?
?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?ioe caoai?thaaiue. Oe? aeai? noaiiaeyoue
iaaiee ?ioa?an aeey oeo ainiiaea?noa, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue aai
ieaiothoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe oaa?ei aaa?aeei-aiaonueei? ii?iaee aeey
iie?ioaiiy i’ynieo yeinoae oaa?ei i?noeaaeo ii??ae.

AENIIAEE

1. I?aenenii-a?oiiaee iaoiae ae?iuoaaiiy oaeyo i’ynieo ii??ae ia
ianiaeu? ?acii c ei?iaaie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie caaacia/o? aeu? iieacieee ?o
i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? aei caoai?thaaiue.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a o oaeyo i?noeaai?
neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee, iniaeeai o ceiiai-aaniyiee ia??iae, /anoi
aeieeathoue aino?? oeoieiai-eeoeia? caoai?thaaiiy. Neeaae ii?iaeueii?
i?e?ioei?e a o?aaiiio eaiae? oaeeo oaeyo ??cei ci?ith?oueny a a?e
ca?eueoaiiy eaeoiciiaaaoeaieo aoa??o?e, naeueiiiae, i?ioay,
noao?eieie?a, ania?a?e oa ?i., ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei aiciioe/ieo niaeao?a
aoa??o?ico ? iaa?oue naeueiiiaeueico.

Ao?ieia?/ia no?oeoo?a eie?aaeoa??ico oaeyo a?aeae?eaiiy Aaieo?anueea
i?aaenoaaeaia aioa?iiaoiaaiiei na?iaa?ii E.coli I26, a naeueiiiaeueico
S.dublin.

2. O ia?o? 5-7 aei?a aeeooy o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a aeia?a
ae?aaeaia ee?oeiia caoenia ooieoe?y i?aai?cio. Iieacieee oaaioeeoa?ii?
aeoeaiino? ? oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? cia/ii
ia?aaeuoaaee aiaeia?/i? iieacieee o oaeyo neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee. Oae,
na?aaei?e iieaciee oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a o
aaa?aeei-aiaon?a noaiiaea 55,4 ??2,8 %, e?iocei?a — 57,1 ??0,9 %, a
neiaioae?a — eeoa 31,6 ??1,7 %. A?aeiia?aeii oaaioeeoa?iee ?iaeaen
iaeo?io?e?a o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a aei??aithaaa 18,3 ??0,9 %, e?iocei?a —
14,8 ??1,0 ? neiaioae?a — 11,5 ??0,5 %.

3. I?i ia?aaaao i?aeneniiai iaoiaeo oo?eiaiiy ? ae?iuoaaiiy
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo na?ae/aoue iieacieee aoii?aeueiiai caoenoo.
Aaeoa?eoeeaeia aeoeai?noue ne?iaaoee e?ia? aei E.coli o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a
noaiiaeea 40,6?2,4%, e?iocei?a — 38,7?2,8, a neiaioae?a — 24,0?1,5%.
Aiaeia?/ii o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a aoee aeueie ii??aiyii c
neiaioaeaie iieacieee e?cioeeiii? aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoee e?ia?.

Oa?aeoa?ii, ui a ?aiiueiio a?oe? (aei 30 ae?a) o an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao
oaeyo iaeaeueie aoee iieacieee i?e?inoo aeeai? iane.

4. O 3-i?ny/iiio a?oe? oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? ?
aaeoa?eoeeaeia aeoeai?noue ne?iaaoee o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a caeeoaeenue
aenieeie, i?ioa iieacieee oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno ? e?cioeeiii?
aeoeaiino? o an?o aeine?aeieo a?oiao oaeyo iinooiiai ae??aiththoueny, a
a 6 i?n. noathoue a?eueoeie o neiaioae?a.

Iiae?ai? ci?ie aeoeaiino? ee?oeiieo ? aoii?aeueieo oaeoi??a
ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? o oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a o
6-i?ny/iiio a?oe? iiaeia iiynieoe ca?aeiaiiyi ianiaeua ? ??ceei
ciaioaiiyi iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o ei??a-aiaeoaaeueieoeue.

5. O 9-i?ny/iiio a?oe? iieacieee oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a
aeine?aeieo oaa?ei o?ioe c?inee ? ae??aiyeenue, a a 12-i?ny/iiio a?oe? o
ca’yceo c iiyaith ia ianiaeu? na?aei? o?aae, c iiceoeaiei aieeaii
niiy/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy, aeoeaiiai ia?ai?uaiiy oaa?ei a?aei?/aia
iaea?eueoa aeoeai?noue ee?oeiieo ? aoii?aeueieo iieaciee?a i?e?iaeii?
?acenoaioiino? c iacia/iith ia?aaaaith o oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ?
e?iocei?a.

6. O ia?o? aei? aeeooy iiaiia?iaeaeai? oaeyoa neaai ?aaaothoue ia
aioo??oiueioe??ia aaaaeaiiy aeaeiniaoeeo?/ii? aioene?iaaoee, a oiio
aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeueii? ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? aeine?aeieo
oaa?ei ?icii/aee c i?ny/iiai a?eo. I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeeee aeai? aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a, ui a?e, aiae?aey,
na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe, aeoeaiee ?oo oaa?ei iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia
iieacieee i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino?
i?aai?cio oaa?ei.

Na?aaei?e iieaciee caaaeueii? ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? o neiaioae?a
i?ny/iiai a?eo noaiiaea 6,12 ??0,18 ii, a?aeiia?aeii o e?iocei?a — 5,4 ?
0,42 ? aaa?aeei-aiaon?a — 4,7 ??0,28 ii, ui ia? i?yio caeaaei?noue c
na?aaei?i iieacieeii i?e?inoo aeeai? iane oaeyo. I?ioa c a?eii ?
?icaeoeii oaeyo, a?aeiia?aeii aei ca?eueoaiiy ?o aeeai? iane, caaaeueia
?ioiia?ieia?/ia ?aaeoeai?noue uiaei aioo??oiueioe??ii? i?iae c
«aioeei?ia’y/ith» ne?iaaoeith iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiith aoea o
aaa?aeei-aiaon?a, e?iocei?a ? o?ioe iaioith o neiaioae?a.

Cacia/aiee iieaciee o 12-i?ny/iiio a?oe? o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a noaiiaea 8,9
??0,26 ii, e?iocei?a — 8,7 ??0,36 ? neiaioae?a — 7,0 0,31 ii.

7. A?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeueiiai a?eea oa a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e
ne?iaaoie e?ia? aeine?aeieo oaeyo i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui ?o e?euee?niee
neeaae uiaei aieeao aeiae?eey caeeoa?oueny iaea?eueo noaa?eueiei, i?ioa
o?aeoe?eia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c a?eii ci?ith?oueny ? caeaaeeoue a?ae
neeaaeo iaoa?einueeiai iieiceaa, iieiea, aiae?ae? ? oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei.

O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aaa?aeei-aiaon?a caaaeueia e?euee?noue a?eea a
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? noaiiaeea 59,0 ??1,4 a/e, e?iocei?a — 60,0 ??2,0,
neiaioae?a — 65,0 ??2,0 a/e. C a?eii, ?inoii ? ?icaeoeii oaeyo iieacieee
caaaeueiiai a?eea cia/ii c?inee o e?iocei?a ? aaa?aeei-aiaon?a.
Iaeoa?aeoa?i?o? ci?ie a?aeaoeenue o o?aeoe?eiiio neeaae? aeiaoe?i?a o
a?e ca?eueoaiiy ?-aeiaoee?i?a, a 6-i?ny/iiio a?oe? ?o e?euee?noue
c?inea, o aaa?aeei-aiaon?a aei 32,0 ??0,9 %, e?iocei?a — 29,0 ??0,7 % ?
neiaioae?a — 26,0 ??0,7 %. A?aeiia?aeii aei ca?eueoaiiy a neeaae?
aeiaoe?i?a ?-aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe??, a caaaeueiiio neeaae? a?eea
ne?iaaoee e?ia? ciaioeeenue ai?no aeueaoi?i?a ? aeueaoi?ii-aeiaoe?iiaa
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy.

8. E?euee?ni? aeine?aeaeaiiy O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a e?ia? o aeine?aeieo
oaeyo na?ae/eee i?i ?o iinooiiaa c?inoaiiy. O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
a?aei?/aii aeuee, ai?no O-e?ioioeeo?a ii??aiyii c A-e?ioioeeoaie, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i aeinoaoi?e ?icaeoie o ?aiiueiio a?oe? caoenii? nenoaie
O-e?ioioeeo?a.

Iaea?eueoee a?aenioeiaee ai?no O-e?ioioeeo?a noaa?eueii niinoa??aaany o
neiaioae?a, ui iiaeia iiynieoe aeiooaieie uaieaiiyie oaa?ei i?ioe
naeueiiiaeueico, a c o?aooaaiiyi o?eaaeiai oo?eiaiiy a i?ei?uaii? —
iino?eiei aieeaii i?e?ii?aai?ci?a aiane?aeie eiioai?iaoe?? iia?o?y.

O neiaioae?a ?nio? i?yia caeaaei?noue i?ae iieacieeaie e?cioeeiii?
aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa a?aenioeiaith e?euee?noth O-e?ioioeeo?a.

9. I?ae iieacieeaie i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino?, ?ioiia?ieia?/ii?
?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo aeine?aeieo a?oi oa ?o aeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie
aeeai? iane ? i?yiee ca’ycie. Oaeyoa c e?aueie iieacieeaie ?inoo ?
?icaeoeo a?ae??ciythoueny ? aeuith ?ioiia?ieia?/iith ?aaeoeai?noth, ui
aeioe?eueii a?aoiaoaaoe ciiaaoa?eia?i?e neoaea? o ainiiaea?noaao i?e
caaacaii? aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a aeey iie?ioaiiy i’ynieo yeinoae
oaa?ei i?noeaaeo ii??ae.

I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

1. Canoiniaaiee o Aieiaiiio naeaeoe?eiiio oeaio?? Oe?a?ie iaoiae
ae?iuoaaiiy oaeyo i’ynii? ii?iaee aaa?aeei-aiaon?a ? e?iocei?a ?acii c
iaoa?yie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie ia ianiaeu?, yeee caaacia/o? aenie? iieacieee
i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? ?o i?aai?cio,
aeia?? ??no ? ?icaeoie oaa?ei, iio?aao? oe?ieiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
ae?iaieoeoai ca oiiae caaacia/aiiy oaa?ei ianiaeuai ? aeia?iye?nieie
ei?iaie.

2. Aaa?aeei-aiaonueea ii?iaea oaeyo ca iieacieeaie i?e?iaeii?
?acenoaioiino?, ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio ? aeiaiaiai
i?e?inoo aeeai? iane i?ioyaii 12 i?n. aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeeany e?auith ?
iaea?eueo aaeaioiaaiith aei aeiae?eey, a ca aaiaoe/iei iioaioe?aeii ??
ne?ae oe?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ?icaaaeaiiy oa aeaaaeaiiy iiaeo i’ynieo
ii??ae aeey iie?ioaiiy naeaeoe?? ?nioth/eo.

3. O i’yniiio neioa?noa? ioaeaiiy ne?ae cae?i/oaaoe a aa?aci?-ea?oi? c
oei, uia ca?eueoeoe oa?i?i aeianaiiy iieiaeiyea a e?oiuei-in?ii?e
ia??iae ? ciaioeoe no?aniaee oaeoi? i?e a?aeeo/aii? oaeyo oa ?o ia?ao?ae
ia ceiiaee oei aiae?ae?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Eeoaeiaiei A.I. ?acenoaioi?noue iieiaeiyea aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ca
??cieo oiia ae?iuoaaiiy // A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee. — 1998. — N 8. — N.
76-78.

2. Eeoaeiaiei A.I. I?e?iaeia ?acenoaioi?noue oaeyo i’ynieo ii??ae
//A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee. — 1999. — N 1. — N. 75-76.

3. Eeoaeiaiei A.I. Ii??aithaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea i?e?iaeii?
?acenoaioiino? i’ynieo ii??ae // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1997. – N 6. —
N. 20-21.

4. Eeoaei A.I., Iie?uoe A.A., Eeoaeiaiei A.I., Oiiei TH.I. Aieea
aeiae?eey ia iieacieee i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oaeyo oa
a?aeoai?thaaeueio ooieoe?th oaeeoeue //Noaoo? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai
nai?ia?o «Eaai?aoi?ia aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia: o?ceei-o?i?/i? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue». — ??aia: 1998. — N. 165-167.

5. Eeoaei A.I., Eeoaeiaiei A.I. Anoanoaaiiay ?acenoaioiinoue e
eiioiieiae/aneay ?aaeoeaiinoue oaeyo iyniuo ii?iae i?e ?aciuo nenoaiao
eo au?aueaaiey //Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee «I?iaeaiu
iaoieiaee, naieoa?ee e aanieiaeey a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa». — Ieine: 1998. –
N. 100-101.

6. Eeoaeiaiei A.I. Caaaeueia ?ioii?aaeoeai?noue iieiaeiyea i’ynieo
ii??ae i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia a?aee?eoiio iia?o?? // I?aoe? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? «No/ani? i?iaeaie aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie». E., 1997. — N.
46-47.

Eeoaeiaiei A.I. I?e?iaeia ?acenoaioi?noue oa ?ioiia?ieia?/ia
?aaeoeai?noue oaeyo i’ynieo ii??ae i?e ??cieo nenoaiao ae?iuoaaiiy. –
?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 16.00.08 — ai?ciioieia?y oa
?ioaeoe?ei? oai?iae. Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao. Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? oa
?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo aaa?aeei-aiaonueei? oa
neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?yo oo?eiaiiy ? ae?iuoaaiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui i?aenenii-a?oiiaee iaoiae ae?iuoaaiiy
oaeyo i’ynieo ii??ae aei 7-i?ny/iiai a?eo ?acii c
ei?iaaie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie a caaiiao ia ianiaeu?, caaacia/o? a?eueo
aenie? iieacieee ee?oeiiiai ? aoii?aeueiiai caoenoo a ii??aiyii? c
oaeyoaie i?e o?aaeeoe?eiiio iaoiae? ae?iuoaaiiy.

Io?eiai? aeai? aeathoue ciiao aeeaoa c?icoi?oe aaeaioaoe?eii-caoeni?
iaoai?cie i?aai?cio oaeyo ? cai?iaaaeeoe oe?eani?yiiaai? i?aeoe/i?
caoiaee, uiaei oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy, ae?iuoaaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy
no?eeino? oaa?ei aei caoai?thaaiue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?e?iaeia ?acenoaioi?noue, ?ioiia?ieia?/ia
?aaeoeai?noue, aaeaioaoe?eii-caoeni? iaoai?cie, iinoiaoaeueiee ia??iae,
aoii?aeuei? ? ee?oeii? oaeoi?e caoenoo, ?ioaeoe?ei? oai?iae,
i?io?eaeoeea.

Eeoaeiaiei A.I. Anoanoaaiiay ?acenoaioiinoue e eiioiiaeieiae/aneay
?aaeoeaiinoue oaeyo iyniuo ii?iae i?e ?aciuo nenoaiao au?aueaaiey. —
?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 16.00.08-aieciioieiaey e
eioaeoeeiiiua aieacie. Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao. Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia n?aaieoaeueiiio eco/aieth anoanoaaiiie
?acenoaioiinoe e eiioiieiae/aneie ?aaeoeaiinoe i?aaiecia oaeyo ii?iaeu
aaa?aeei-aiaon, eeiocei e neiiaioae i?e ?aciuo oaoiieiaeyo niaea?aeaiey
e au?aueaaiey.

Eco/aiea yieciioieiae/aneie neooaoeee a oicyenoaa i?e o?aaeeoeeiiiii
niaea?aeaiee e au?aueaaiee oaeyo neiaioaeueneie ii?iaeu a iiiauaieyo
iieacaei, /oi aeaiiue iaoiae niinianoaoao nieaeaieth eeaoi/iuo e
aoii?aeueiuo caueoiuo oaeoi?ia i?aaiecia, iaeiieaieth eaeoiciiaaaoeaiuo
aoa?eoee, noaoeeieieeia, naeueiiiaee, ania?aee, i?ioae, i?iyaeaieth
aeenaaeoa?eica e yieciioe/aneeo aniuoae eieeaaeoa?eica, naeueiiiaeeaca e
cia/eoaeueiie aeaaee aeeaioiuo.

I?iaaaeaiiuie yenia?eiaioaeueiuie enneaaeiaaieyie onoaiiaeaii, /oi
i?eiaiaiiue a Aeaaiii naeaeoeeiiiii oeaio?a Oe?aeiu iiaeninii-a?oiiiaie
iaoiae au?aueaaiey oaeyo iyniuo ii?iae aianoa n iaoa?yie-ei?ieeeoeaie a
caaiiao e ia ianoaeuao iaania/eaaao aieaa aunieea iieacaoaee eo
anoanoaaiiie ?acenoaioiinoe e eiioiiaeieiae/aneie ?aaeoeaiinoe.

Oaea a ia?aua 5-7 aeiae aeecie o aaa?aeei-aiaonia e eeioceiia oi?ioi
au?aaeaia eeaoi/iay caueoiay ooieoeey i?aaiecia. N aic?anoii iieacaoaee
oaaioeeoa?iie aeoeaiinoe eiaeaena iaeo?ioeeia e?iae cia/eoaeueii
i?aainoiaeeo aiaeiae/iua iieacaoaee o oaeyo neiiaioaeueneie ii?iaeu.

N?aaeiee iieacaoaeue eiioiiaeieiae/aneie ?aaeoeaiinoe o neiiaioaeia
iany/iiai aic?anoa noaiiaee 6,12 wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyyiyyy ??l?? ???&? ?MathType??
????u?th??????Aeioeie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey iauaai aaeea e aaeeiauo
o?aeoeee nuai?ioee e?iae enneaaeoaiuo oaeyo iiaeoaa?aeeee, /oi eo
eiee/anoaaiiue ninoaa ii ioiioaieth e aeeyieth aiaoiae n?aaeu inoaaony
iaeaieaa noaaeeueiui, iaeiaei o?aeoeeiiiia niioiioaiea n aic?anoii
eciaiyaony e caaeneo io ninoaaa iaoa?eineiai iieiceaa, iieiea, ei?ieaiey
e niaea?aeaiey aeeaioiuo.

O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo aaa?aeei-aiaonnia iauaa eiee/anoai aaeea a nuai?ioea
e?iae ninoaaeei 59,0 wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyyiyyy ??l?? ???&? ?MathType??
????u?th??????Eiee/anoaaiiua enneaaeiaaiey O- e A-eeioioeeoia e?iae o
iiuoiuo oaeyo iiaeoaa?aeeee iinoaiaiiia eo oaaee/aiea. O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo
ioia/aii aieaa aunieia niaea?aeaiea O-eeioioeeoia a n?aaiaiee n
A-eeioioeeoaie, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aeinoaoi/iii ?acaeoee a ?aiiai
aic?anoa caueoiie nenoaiu O-eeioioeeoia.

I i?aeiouanoaa iiaeniniiai iaoiaea niaea?aeaiey e au?aueaaiey
iiai?iaeaeaiiuo oaeyo oaeaea naeaeaoaeuenoaoao oaaee/aiea iieacaoaeae
aoii?aeueiie caueou, aieaa aunieea iieacaoaee ?inoa e ?acaeoey
aeeaioiuo.

Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iicaieytho aeoaaea eco/eoue
aaeaioaoeeiiii-caueoiua iaoaieciu i?aaiecia oaeyo e aiaae?eoue
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiua i?aeoe/aneea ia?ii?eyoey ii oeo/oaieth oaoiieiaee
niaea?aeaiey e au?aueaaiey aeeaioiuo, iiauoaiey eo noieeinoe e
caaieaaaieyi.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: anoanoaaiiay ?acenoaioiinoue, eiioiiaeieiae/aneay
?aaeoeaiinoue, aaeaioaoeeiiii-caueoiua iaoaieciu, iinoiaoaeueiue
ia?eiae, eeaoi/iua e aoii?aeueiua oaeoi?u caueou, eioaeoeeiiiua aieacie,
i?ioeeaeoeea.

Litvinenko V.N. Beef breeds calf’s naturals resistance and immune
reactivity to diseases in the conditions of the different types of
keeping. — Manuscript. The dissertation thesis on obtaining degree the
Doctor of Philosophy (Veterinary) in a speciality: 16.00.03 –
epizootology and infectious sicknesses. National Agricultural University
of Ukraine. Kyiv 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the problems of natural resistance and
immune reactivity of Aberdeen Angus, Limusins and Semmental calves in
different systems. If was discovered that keeping of the cattle at the
open air positively affects on the cattle resistance to diseases. This
affect are characterised by different displays of the cell and humorals
of the protection.

The results of the experiment promote more deep understanding of the
organism’s adaptation. This can be the base for development of the
protection measures for animal keeping and struggle with the infectious
diseases.

Key words: natural resistance, immune reactivity, adaptation and
resistance mechanisms, the cell and humoral factors of the protection,
infectious diseases.

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