Православні конфесії в Україні періоду Другої світової війни (вересень 1939 — вересень 1945 рр.): Автореф. дис… канд. іст. наук / В.В. Гордієнко, Ки

ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? oa?ana oaa/aiea

Ai?ae??iei A’y/aneaa Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 281.9 (477) «19»

I?aaineaai? eiioan?? a Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo

ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie

(aa?anaiue 1939 – aa?anaiue 1945 ??.)

07.00.01 – ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ?noi?e/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EI?IEUe A?eoi? THoeiiae/

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AIAe?ONEOEI Aiaaeai ?aaiiae/

aeaeai nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?iiai oaeoeueoaoo,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?aaiciaanoaa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai

iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa;

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

I?iaacooae?iia Ieaenaiae? Oaaei?iae/

i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?noi??? aeey aoiai?oa?ieo

oaeoeueoao?a Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai??

Iaoe Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?noi??? eoeueoo?e

oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «18» aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.20 a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (aae?ana: 252033, i.Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60,
aoae.349).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i.Ee?a,
aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «14» aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.?.Aiaeei

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe??

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith ? caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy.
?? ianya noaiiaeoue 188 noi??iie. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa
aeaea?ae (12 noi??iie, 180 iaca).

Anooi. Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aeiiaeaiiy iiaiioe?iiiai
aeooiaiiai aeeooy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, eiai aeaai?o o?aaeeoe?e o?nii
iia’ycaia c ii?iae?caoe??th ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy. Aaeaea ?ae?a?y oa
oea?eaa caeaaia a?ae?a?aaaee iiaaaeio ?ieue a aeeoo? iaoiai ia?iaeo.
I?ney aeanyoee?oue aii?iue ia oea?eao, eiee i?e?iaei?e ?? ?icaeoie aoa
ia?a?aaiee, ianoaea iiaeeea?noue caeiyoe oea?ea? iaeaaeia ?e i?noea a
aeooiaiiio aeeoo? noni?euenoaa. C iaeyaeo ia oea iinoa? iaaaeueia
iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy noinoie?a i?ae aea?aeaaith ? oea?eaith.
Oeueiio ni?eyee a aeeaie?, a?oioiai? ciaiiy i?i a?aeiineie i?ae
aea?aeaaith ? i?aaineaaiith oea?eaith a Oe?a?i?, ye? iaee i?noea a OO
noie?oo?, cie?aia, a ia??iae ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie.

?ae?a?eiee oaeoi? a?ae?a?aaaa nooo?ao ?ieue o ?iee a?eie, iniaeeai a
cii? ieoiaoe??. A?oioiaiee aiae?c oiia ? ia?aa?ao iiae?e o ?ae?a?eiiio
aeeoo? Oe?a?ie oeeo ?ie?a caaacia/eoue ananoi?iii? inieneaiiy iia?oiuei?
?noi??? Oe?a?ie, a oiio /ene? ? ia??iae ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? i?aaineaaii? oea?eae aeicaiey? aeyaeoe
ci?no ?ioeo i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaaeenue o noni?eueiiio aeeoo?
ieoiiaaii? Oe?a?ie. ?ica’ycaiiy iaoeiai? i?iaeaie aeieeiaiiy,
noaiiaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aaineaaieo eiioan?e o ?iee a?eie
noai?th? a?oio aeey iiaeeaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeooiaiiai aeeooy
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Ie??i oiai, oea ni?eyoeia iiaiio aena?oeaiith
nioe?aeueieo, iie?oe/ieo, ?aeaieia?/ieo aniaeo?a oioae?oa?ieo ?aaeei?a a
Oe?a?i? ia o?eueee a ?iee a?eie, a e a XX noie?oo?.

Anaa?/iee aiae?c i?iaeai ii aeai?e oai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aianeii o
iaoeiao ?ic?iaeo oe?e?nii? ?noi??ia?ao?? i?aaineaaii? oea?eae a Oe?a?i?,
a ye?e ?? ?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie aenooia? ye aacia?a?aiee, neeaaeiee,
aaaaoiaoaiiee i?ioean.

No/ania noaiiaeua i?aaineaa’y a Oe?a?i? iio?aao? eiino?oeoeaiiai
aeina?aeo c ieioeiai, yeei iiaea noaoe aeina?ae ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaiiai
aeeooy a ?iee a?eie.

Iia? oeea?e?ciaai? noinoiee i?ae aea?aeaaith oa oea?eaith iaoiiaeththoue
aeei?enoaiiy aaee/aciiai iioaioe?aeo oea?eae aeey ?icaeoeo aeooiaiino?
iaoiai ia?iaeo, caeo/aiith oea?eae aei aea?aeaaioai?/iai oa
iaoe?ioai?/iai i?ioeano. An? oe? oaeoi?e aecia/athoue aeooaeuei?noue
aeaii? ?iaioe.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? i?aaineaa’y a Oe?a?i?, yea i?ioyaii
ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie ooieoe?iioaaei o oi?i? e?eueeio i?aaineaaieo
?inoeoooe?e: ?in?enueea (?onueea) i?aaineaaia oea?eaa, Aaoiiiiia
I?aaineaaia Oea?eaa, Oe?a?inueea Aaoieaoaeueia I?aaineaaia Oea?eaa oa
?oioinueea i?aaineaaia oea?eaa. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaiethoe?y
?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaii? iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae ai?iaeiaae 1939 –
1945 ??., aeeiai?ea ci?i o ?ae?a?ei?e iie?oeoe? iaoeeno?a oa ?oioi?a a
ieoiiaai?e Oe?a?i?, a oaeiae i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy oa ae?yeueiino?
i?aaineaaieo eiioan?e.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia??iae ae?oai? na?oiai?
a?eie – aa?anaiue 1939 – aa?anaiue 1945 ??., a?ae iiae?e, iia’ycaieo c
i?e?aeiaiiyi Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie aei N?N?, ? aei ia?aiiaeiiai caaa?oaiiy
Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? iaae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue an? no/ani? iaeano?
Oe?a?ie, ca aeiyoeii E?eio oa Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?. Oea aeeeeeaii oei,
ui oe? ?aa?iie aoee aeeth/ai? aei neeaaeo O?N? i?ney 1945 ?.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaeniee aiae?c
?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaii? iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae, iaoeenonueeiai oa
?oioinueeiai ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeei?a, a oaeiae iniiaieo i?ioean?a, ui
a?aeaoaaeeny a oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe aaoi? ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aeyaeoe ni?euei? ?ene oa c’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? a i?iaaaeaii?
?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?aaineaaii? oea?eae a Oe?a?i?
?aaeyinueeith aea?aeaaith, i?iaoeueeei oa ?oioinueeei ieoiaoe?eieie
?aaeeiaie;

— i?inoaaeeoe ca ci?iaie oi?i ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy a ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i?
a oiiaao caiaiaaeo i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oea?eae iaia?aaeiaei?
Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie;

— iiaeeaeoe aiae?c i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy i?aaineaaieo eiioan?e AIOe oa
OAIOe a oiiaao iaoeenonueei? oa ?oioinueei? ieoiaoe?? Oe?a?ie;

— ooi/ieoe ?ieue iaoeenonueeeo aeanoae o oea?eiaiiio ?iceie?,
i?aeoea?eiai?e ai?iouea? oa iane?aeee oe??? ai?ioueae;

— aaeineiiaeeoe ia??iaeecaoe?th ?icaeoeo oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiai aeeooy
a oiiaao iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe??;

— ?ice?eoe oa?aeoa? ? iniaeeaino? ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaiiai aeeooy a
O?aini?no???;

— c’ynoaaoe iane?aeee ioi?ieaiiy iiaiai th?eaee/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai
noaoono ?in?enueei? (?onueei?) i?aaineaaii? oea?eae.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?eioeeie
ia’?eoeaiino? oa ?noi?ecio. Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee oaeeie:
i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee, ?noi?e/ieo ia?aeaeae aai ii??aiyeueiee,
noaoenoeei-aiae?oe/iee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia? caeo/aiiy
cia/ii? e?eueeino? a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a, /anoeia c yeeo aia?oa
aaiaeeoueny a iaoeiaee ia?a, o a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao?? aia?oa c?iaeaia
ni?iaa eiiieaeniiai aiae?co noinoie?a c i?aaineaaiith oea?eaith a
Oe?a?i? oioae?oa?ieo ?aaeei?a, ui ia?aaoaaee ia oa?eoi??? e?a?ie a
ia??iae ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie.

A aeine?aeaeaii? cae?eniaii aiae?c ?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei?
aea?aeaae a Oe?a?i? iaia?aaeiaei? Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie, aeae?eaii
iniaeeaino? ?? i?iaaaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??? ?aaeyinueei? oa Cao?aeii?
Oe?a?ie. Aeena?oaioii i?aee?aneth?oueny aeai?no?noue ?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee
?aaeyinueeiai ea??aieoeoaa a oeae ia??iae.

Aaoi? aeaa iiaeeaeaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy a oiiaao
inoaoi/iiai i?aai?caoe?eiiai caiaiaaeo oea?eae. Aeyaea oi?ie ?ae?a?eiiai
aeeooy ia ??cieo ??aiyo. A aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaiae?ciaaii ?ieue Ni?eee
Aieiaie/eo Aacaiaeiee?a o ai?iouea? i?ioe ?ae?a?? oa oea?eae
iaia?aaeiaei? Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iiia?aaei?o
?ia?o, i?enay/aieo aeai?e oai?, a aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii? a?eueo
?aeue?oii aeyaeaia aeeiai?ea ci?i a ?ae?a?ei?e iie?oeoe? iaoeeno?a a
ieoiiaai?e Oe?a?i?.

Aiae?coth/e ianoaiiaeo a ?ae?a?eiiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie a ?iee ieoiaoe??,
aaoi? aeae?ey? aeae?eueea oa?oiiaaiue oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaieo ae?y/?a.
Eiaeia c oa?oiiaaiue iaei aeani? iiaeyaee ia oea?eiaia aoae?aieoeoai a
Oe?a?i?. A aeine?aeaeaii? iieacaii, ye oeth ianoaaeio aeoeaii
aeei?enoaee ieoiaioe, ?aae?coth/e naith iie?oeeo ?iceieo i?aaineaaii?
oea?eae a Oe?a?i?.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue, o aeai?e ?iaio? aeyaeaii
iiceoe?th Aaoiiiiii? oea?eae. I?inoaaeo?oueny iie?oe/ia, eaiii?/ia oa
iniaeno?nia iioeaaoey ae?e a?o???a?a-aaoiiii?no?a.

Aeena?oaio ia’?eoeaii ?icaeyioa i?iaeaio a?aeiinei OAIOe c oe?a?inueeei
i?aei?eeyi ? OIA. A aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaiae?ciaaii i?e/eie ? iane?aeee
oa?i?o OIA i?ioe aeooiaainoaa Aaoiiiiii? oea?eae.

Iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaey?oueny o aena?oeaii? a?aeaoaeiae oa
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aaineaaieo iiianoe??a. Aecia/aii ?o aaaeeeao ?ieue o
iao??ioe/i?e ae?yeueiino? oea?eae i?ney aecaieaiiy Oe?a?ie a?ae
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo oa ?oioinueeeo caaa?aiee?a.

A ?iaio? c’yniaaii i?e/eie ? iane?aeee ai?ioueae Iineianueei? iao??a?o??
?c caeeoeaie aaoieaoae?? o aecaieai?e Oe?a?i?, a oaeiae i?iaiae?ciaaii
i?aeaioia/? caoiaee aei e?ea?aeaoe?? a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe??, aeniiaee, oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
aeey iaienaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ia??iaeo ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie, i?aeaioiaoe? niaoeeo?n?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
iaoa??aee, aaaaeai? a iaoeiaee ia?a, ? aaaeeeaeie aeey ?ae?a??ciaaoe?a
oa o?einio?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: VII I?aeia?iaeiee e?oaeee no?e “?noi??y ?ae?a?e
a Oe?a?i?” (Euea?a, 1997), Anaoe?a?inueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y
“?aeay iaoe?iiaeueii? oea?eae a Oe?a?i?” (Oa?iii?eue, 1997),
Anaoe?a?inueea iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “O?enoeyinoai ? eoeueoo?a: ?noi??y,
o?aaeeoe??, no/ani?noue” (Iieoaaa, 1997). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a /ioe?ueio noaooyo.

iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

Ia?oee ?icae?e “?noi??ia?ao?y oa aeaea?aeueia aaca” i?enay/aii aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?e oa aeaea?ae c oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

C i?iaeaiaoeeith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aoeiathoueny i?aoe? oe?ei?
iecee ?noi?ee?a oa ?ae?a??ciaaoe?a.

Ii/aoie aea/aiith ?noi??? i?aaineaaii? oea?eae a Oe?a?i? a ?iee ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie iieeaee aeine?aeieee c oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e:
?.Aeanianueeee, I.Oaiaei?iae/, I.?oaeieoeueea, a?o??ieneii I?eaii?,
I.Aeoaeyinueeee, Ae.Ao?ei, ?.Ei?iaeoeueeee, I.Ai?iiei, A.AEoeianueeee,
?.Aoaa?aeaanueeee, I.Eoi?aiaoeue oa ?io?.

Oe?a?inuee? ?noi?eee noi?ioethaaee ieceo i?iaeai c aeaii? oaie,
a?eueo?noue c yeeo ?i aaeaeinue ?ica’ycaoe. ?.Aeanianueeee o nai?o
ioae?eaoe?yo, iaeaaaeeea?oith c yeeo ? ooiaeaiaioaeueia i?aoey “Ia?en
?noi??? Oe?a?inueei? I?aaineaaii? Oea?eae”, ?icaeyaea? ieoaiiy a?aeiinei
i?aaineaaii? oea?eae a Oe?a?i? c ?aaeyinueeei ?aaeeiii, a oaeiae
iaoeenonueeo ?ae?a?eio iie?oeeo. Aeine?aeiee iieacaa i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy
Oe?a?inueei? Aaoieaoaeueii? I?aaineaaii? Oea?eae, i?aeoea?eiaio
ai?ioueao, ni?iaoaaa iiynieoe i?e/eie oe??? ai?ioueae.

Aiae?cia? ?aaeyinueei? ?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i?
i?enay/aii aeaeaiiy I.?oaeieoeueei? “Cao?aeiy Oe?a?ia i?ae aieueoaaeeaie
(1.O.1939 – V?.1941)”. Aaoi? aeacaea ia noia?a/eea?noue o a?aeiioaii?
?aaeyinueeeo aeanoae aei oea?eae iaia?aaeiaei? a?eie c I?ia/eiith.
A?aenooi?noue a?o?aieo aeaea?ae ia aeaea iiaeeeaino? aeine?aeieoe?
iiynieoe i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy iiaeo oaiaeaioe?e a ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiai?e
iie?oeoe? ?aaeeio.

I?ioean a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiai aeeooy a oiiaao
iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe?? ?icaeyiooi a noaoo? Ae.Ao?ea “A?ae?iaeaeaiiy
Oe?a?inueei? Oea?eae a 1941-43 ?ieao”. Aaoi? aeia?a aecia/aeueio ?ieue
a??oth/eo o oeueiio i?ioean?. Oi/a, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, aeine?aeiee
cina?aaeea naith oaaao o?eueee ia noaiiaeaii? Oe?a?inueei?
Aaoieaoaeueii? I?aaineaaii? Oea?eae, iaeaea ia aiae?coth/e iiceoe??
Aaoiiiiii? oea?eae.

I?aai?caoe?eia aoae?aieoeoai OAIOe aena?oethaaa o nai?o noaooyo
I.Aeoaeyinueeee. Cie?aia, iei aeyaeai? i?e/eie i?iaaaeaiiy Ee?anueeiai
niai?o OAIOe o o?aai?-/a?ai? 1942 ?ieo ? iieacaii iane?aeee oeueiai
niai?o. ?ieue Aaoiiiiii? oea?eae a oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiio aeeoo?
Oe?a?ie a ia??iae ieoiaoe?? aaoi?ii i?eieaeo?oueny.

I?i noia?a/iino? a eii? Aaoieaoaeueii? oea?eae ienaee ?noi?eee ae?anii?e
?.Aoaa?aeaanueeee oa A.Aioeth?e?a.

Ie?ai? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiai aeeooy a O?aini?no???
(aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiio ooai?aii? ia ieoiiaaieo ?oioiaie
Iaeanuee?e oa Ieeiea?anuee?e iaeanoyo, oa /anoei? caiaeue Iieaeaa??)
?ic?iaeya A.AEoeianueeee. Iaeiae, iniiaio oaaao a nai?e noaoo?
“Oe?a?inuee? caie? i?ae ?oioinueeith ieoiaoe??th a /ane Ae?oai? na?oiai?
a?eie: I?ai?/ia Aoeiaeia, /anoeia Aana?aa?? ? O?aini?no??y” aaoi?
i?eae?eea noni?eueii-iie?oe/iei i?iaeaiai.

Aaoi?e c ae?anii?e, iii?e nai? i?aaiaiiy ia’?eoeaii aena?oeeoe ?noi??th
oea?eae a Oe?a?i? a ia??iae ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, ana ae o a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a aaeathoueny aei iaeiinoi?iiiueiai o?aeooaaiiy noo? iiae?e. Ia
inoaiiueith i?e/eiith oeueiai ne?ae aaaaeaoe oa, ui cia/ia /anoeia c ieo
aoee i/aaeaeoeyie ? o/anieeaie iiae?e oea?eiaiiai aeeooy a ?iee a?eie.

I?aoe? ?aaeyinueeeo aaoi??a, ye? oi?eathoueny i?iaeaiaoeee aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia aea? /anoeie. Aei ia?oi? /anoeie
a?aeiinyoueny i?aoe?, a yeeo aeine?aeaeo?oueny oaiiiai i?iaoeueeiai
oaoecio, iniaeeaino? iaoeenonueei? aea?aeaae oa ?aeaieia?y iaoeecio.
Ae?oaa a?oia i?aoeue a?aeiineoueny aeania aei ?noi??? i?aaineaaii?
oea?eae. Ie?aii ne?ae aeae?eeoe ioae?eaoe?? i?aaenoaaiee?a aeooiaainoaa
oa ???a?o?? ?IOe. ?io? ae ?iaioe iinyoue yne?aai ae?aaeaiee aoa?noe/iee
oa?aeoa? aai i?enay/ai? ?ica?i/aiith “oe?a?inueeiai ao?aeoaciiai
iaoe?iiae?cio” oa eiai “i?aaenoaaieoeoa” – OAIOe oa OAEOe.

?oei?aio ?ieue iaoeenonueeeo ieoiaio?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?aaineaaii?
oea?eae aiae?co? a nai?e ?iaio? “O?aae/aneea no?aieoeu enoi?ee oea?eae
ia ieeoie?iaaiiie oa??eoi?ee” a?o??ieneii ?IOe Aai?ai?i. O ?iee a?eie
a?i aoa ?ieneiiii Aaoiiiiii? oea?eae. Iacia/iee ianya noaoo?, a oaeiae
io?oe?eia iiceoe?y ?IOe, yeo i?aaenoaaeya a?o???ae, ia aeaee eiio
iiaeeeaino? aeeaiei aena?oeeoe i?aeiyo? a ?iaio? ieoaiiy.

A?o?iaiae?eo ?iai (Ianeia) o noaoo? “Aeeaae ?onneie I?aaineaaiie Oea?eae
a iiaaaeo iaae oaoeciii” iaaiaeeoue i?eeeaaee iao??ioecio i?aaineaaieo
nayuaiee?a, yeee aiie i?iyaeyee a ?iee a?eie. Nayuaiiineoaeeoaeue
aeio?eio?oueny oi/ee ci?o nai?? eiioan?? ia iiae?? a aeeoo? oea?eae a
ia??iae a?eie, yea iieyaaea a oiio, ui OAIOe ?, aei iaaii? i??e, AIOe
aaaaeaeenue “i?ioaoenonueeeie”.

Aeae?eueea ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo i?iaeaiai ?noi??? oea?eae a Oe?a?i? a ?iee
a?eie, iaeaaeaoue ia?o E.Aeieo?oea. Na?aae ieo “Naanoeea ia nooaiao”,
“Eiio neoaeeee ? neoaeaoue c?aaeieee c oae caaii? aaoieaoae??”.
Nie?ath/enue ia aeaye? ca?oa?aei? ioae?eaoe??, ie?ai? a?o?ai? iaoa??aee
oa na?ae/aiiy i/aaeaeoe?a, E.Aeieo?oe aeiaiaeeoue, ui ea??aieoeoai ?
OAEOe, ? OAIOe o?nii ni?ai?aoethaaei c aaaa?ii, aanoaii, NAe. Aaoi?
noaa?aeaeoaaa, ui oea?eaa aeiiiiaaaea ieoiaioai i?iaiaeeoe
aenieoaoaoe?th, oa?i?, ia?ane?aeoaaiiy ?a?a?a oiui.

A ?iaio? “Eiio neoaeeee ? neoaeaoue c?aaeieee c oae caaii? aaoieaoae??”
aaoi? aaciina?aaeiuei oi?ea?oueny ieoaiiy noai?aiiy oa ae?yeueiino?
OAIOe o ia??iae a?eie, a oaeiae i?ney ?? cae?i/aiiy. Aaoi? noaa?aeaeo?,
ui OAIOe o?nii ni?ai?aoethaaea ia o?eueee c iaoeenonueeei ieoiaoe?eiei
?aaeeiii, a e c OIA oa oe?a?inueeei i?aei?eeyi. Oaea oaa?aeaeaiiy
a?aeiia?aeaei oiae?oi?e ?noi?e/i?e onoaiiaoe? – oe?a?inuee?
iaoe?iiae?noe oa i?iaoeuee? ieoiaioe iaeiaeiai ai?iae? aeey
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo neee ia??iaeo a?eie. Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui
E.Aeieo?oe aeei?enoiao? a nai?o i?aoeyo ieceo a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a,
ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui oe? i?aoe? ao?a/athoue aeaiaio iaoeiaino?. Aaoi?
iaaeia?inia?nii aeei?enoiao? a?o?ai? iaoa??aee, aaea?oueny aei
ia?anieeoaaiiy oaeo?a, ine?eueee aeey eiai ?ia?o oa?aeoa?ia ?aeaieia?/ia
caaeai?noue.

Iaea?eueo aeieoiaioaeueii caaacia/aiith na?aae ?ia?o ?aaeyinueeeo
aaoi??a ? noaooy ?noi?eea I.Eiaaey “OAIOe – neoaeieoey oaoenonueeeo
ieoiaio?a”. Aaoi? aaiaeeoue o iaoeiaee ia?a cia/iee ianya iiaeo
aeieoiaio?a, iaeiae ?aiee io?oe?eii-aea?aeaaii? ?noi?e/ii? eiioeaioe??
ia aeaee ?noi?eeia? iiaeeeaino? aeeaiei ? anaa?/ii ?ice?eoe i?aeiyo? a
noaoo? i?iaeaie.

Cao?aei? ?noi?eee i?aaeiaoii naiai iaoeiaiai ?ioa?ano ia?aee noaiiaeua
oea?eae a N?N? oa ?aaeyinueeo ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaio iie?oeeo. Cie?aia,
ieie aoea ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y “iiai? ?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee”
?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae, yea iiai?noth ioi?ieeanue o ia??iae ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie. Cao?aei? aaoi?e aea/aee oaeiae ? iaoeenonueeo ?ae?a?eio
iie?oeeo, ?? ca?iaeaeaiiy, ?icaeoie oa iniaeeaino? ?? i?iaaaeaiiy ia
ieoiiaaieo iaoeenoaie oa?eoi??yo.

Eaiaaenueeee ?noi?ee Ae.A.Iini?eianueeee o nai?e iiiia?ao?? “?onneay
i?aaineaaiay oea?eiaue a OO aaea” ia?aeiieeai iieacaa
aac?acoeueoaoi?noue aioe?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee
iaia?aaeiaei? a?eie. Aeine?aeaeoth/e ?noi??th oea?eae a ia??iae a?eie a
Oe?a?i?, aaoi? noa? ia iiceoe?th ?onueei? i?aaineaaii? oea?eae. Ia
aieeath/e a nooue i?iaeaie, a?i iaeiicia/ii a?aeiineoue OAIOe aei /enea
oaeoi??a, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeioee ia ?ae?a?eia aeeooy. Iini?eianueeee
aiae?co? th?eaee/ia noaiiaeua ?IOe, yea aiia io?eiaea i?ney cono??/?
Noae?ia c o?ueiia aeueie a?o???ayie eiioan??. A?i ni?aaaaeeeai
aeiaiaeeoue, ui ca a?aeiia?aei? iinooiee c aieo ?aaeyinueeiai ?aaeeio
?IOe iaaeiaai ao?aoeea naith naiino?ei?noue. Iaeiae ?noi?ee o?aeoo?
iiai?io o ?ae?a?ei?e iie?oeoe? ?aaeyinueeiai ea??aieoeoaa ye ?noi?e/io
iiae?th, a ia ye i?ioean, ui iaa naith ?noi?e/io eia?eo.

No/ania a?o/eciyia ?noi??ia?ao?y i?aaineaaii? oea?eae a ia??iae ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie aa?a na?e ii/aoie c ia??iaeo ia?aaoaeiae. Naia oiae?
iie?oeea aeaniino? ? a?aee?eoino? aeaea ciiao aaaaoueii aeine?aeieeai ye
a ?in??, oae ? a Oe?a?i? ia’?eoeaii ?icaeyiooe noaiiaeua oea?eae a
?aaeyinuee?e ae?eniino?. Aiae?coaaeeny ?ai?an?? ?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae
ii a?aeiioaiith aei oea?eae, i?aei?iaeeny ieoaiiy eiio?ieth aea?aeaae
iaae oea?eiaiei aeeooyi ? iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a oeueiai aeey oea?eae.
A?eueo a?oioiaieie noaee ?ica?aeee ii i?iaeaiao a?aeiinei oea?eae ?
ieoiaoe?eieo ?aaeei?a a Oe?a?i?. Oe? ieoaiiy ?icaeyaeaeeny a ?iaioao
I.?.Iae?ioeiaa, I.TH.Aaneeue?ai?, A.?.?eainueeiai, I.I.Iai/aiea,
I.A.Eenaiea oa ?i.

Aeaa ?icae?ee c o?ueio iiiia?ao?? A.I.Iauaiea “I?aaineaa’y a iia?oi?e
?noi??? Oe?a?ie” i?enay/aii ia??iaeo ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Aiae?coth/e
noaiiaeua ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy a ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i? iaia?aaeiaei?
Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie, aaoi? iaaieioo?, ui a ?ae?a?ei?e iie?oeoe?
?aaeyinueeiai ea??aieoeoaa a?aeaoeenue ci?ie, ye? iieyaaee a
iii’yeoaiiio o?aeooaaii? ?ae?a?? eiioi?noe/ieie ?aeaieiaaie. A.I.Iauaiei
ni?aaaaeeeai cacia/a?, ui iaoeenonuee? ieoiaioe ni?eyee ?iceieia?
oe?a?inueeiai i?aaineaa’y ia aea? eiioan?? – AIOe oa OAIOe. Aeine?aeiee
aea/a? i?e/eie, ye? niiioeaee ?aaeyinueeee ?aaeei aei ci?ie nai??
iie?oeee ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?aaineaaii? oea?eae. Oi/a, ne?ae
cacia/eoe, aaoi? caeeoa? iica oaaaith ai?ioueao Iineianueei? iao??a?o??
c caeeoeaie aaoieaoae??.

Aeeiai?eo ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaii? iie?oeee iaoeeno?a a ieoiiaai?e Oe?a?i?
aeine?aeaeoaaa TH.Aieioei. Iei aoea caoeuaia eaiaeeaeaonueea
aeena?oaoe?y ia oaio “Oe?a?inueea i?aaineaaia oea?eaa a ?iee
iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944 ??.)”, iniiaiee ci?no yei? aa?eoia a
iaeiieiaiio iiiia?ao?th. Cie?aia, TH.Aieioeio iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea
ia??iaeecaoe?? ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai i?aaineaa’y a ia??iae ieoiaoe??.
Aaoi? aeae?ey? o?e aoaie ?icaeoeo oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiai aeeooy a oeae
ia??iae. E?eoa???i, yeee aecia/a? oie aai ?ioee aoai, TH.Aieioei aaaaea?
ci?no ?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee ieoiaio?a, yea ci?ithaaeanue i?ioyaii an?o
ieoiaoe?eieo ?ie?a. Ia iniia? cia/ii? e?eueeino? a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a
aaoi? aea? ea?oeio oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiai aeeooy a ia??iae ieoiaoe?? a
on?o ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie. Iaeiae, aeine?aeiee cina?aaeea naith oaaao ia
OAIOe, i?iaeaiao ?? noaiiaeaiiy ? ae?yeueiino? ? ia aiae?co?
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue AIOe, yea a?ae?a?aaaea nooo?ao ?ieue o noni?eueiiio
aeeoo? ieoiiaaii? Oe?a?ie. I?aeoe/ii iaaena?oeaiei caeeoeeinue noaiiaeua
i?aaineaaieo iiianoe??a o aeacaiee ia??iae.

Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee A.TH.Ei?ieue o nai?o ?iaioao aeine?aeaeoaaa
?noi?e/i? iniaeeaino? OAEOe. Cie?aia, eiio iaeaaeeoue a?oioiaiee aiae?c
?ie? OAEOe, yeo aiia a?ae?a?aea a noni?eueiiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi? iieacaa a?aei?ii?noue o noaaeaii? aei iaoeenonueeeo ieoiaio?a c
aieo aa?o?aee OAEOe oa i?aaineaaii? oea?eae. Nie?ath/enue ia a?o?aiee
iaoa??ae, ?noi?ee a?aeoai?th? iaoai?ci ai?ioueae ?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae
c OAEOe.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/eee ? eiai aeaea?aeueio
aaco. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iniia ?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee
aaeeea cia/aiiy iathoue iaoa??aee Oeaio?aeueiiai Aea?aeaaiiai A?o?ao
A?iiaaenueeeo Ia’?aeiaiue Oe?a?ie (OeAeAAIO), Oeaio?aeueiiai
Aea?aeaaiiai A?o?ao Aeueo I?aai?a Aeaaee oa Oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie
(OeAeAAIO), a oaeiae iaoa??aee iaeanieo a?o?a?a: Aea?aeaaiee a?o?a
Aieeinueei? iaeano? (AeAAieI), Aea?aeaaiee a?o?a ??aiainueei? iaeano?
(AeA?I), Aea?aeaaiee a?o?a Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? (AeAOI), Aea?aeaaiee
a?o?a *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? (AeA*I). Oiiaee OeE Eiiia?o?? Oe?a?ie
(OeAeAAIO, o.1), Oiiaiiaaaeaiiai ?aaee a ni?aaao ?IOe i?e ?IE O?N?
(OeAeAAIO, o.4648), Oiiaiiaaaeaiiai ?aaee a ni?aaao ?IOe ii Aieeinueeee
iaeano? (AeAAieI, o.393), Oiiaiiaaaeaiiai ?aaee a ni?aaao ?IOe ii
??aiainuee?e iaeano? (AeA?I, o.204), Oiiaiiaaaeaiiai ?aaee a ni?aaao
?IOe ii Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? (AeAOI, o.3240), Oiiaiiaaaeaiiai ?aaee
a ni?aaao ?IOe ii *a?i?a?anuee?e iaeano? (AeA*I, o.5166) i?noyoue ca?oe
oiiaiiaaaeaieo ?aaee a ni?aaao ?IOe, ?icii?yaeaeaiiy oa ?ino?oeoe??
?aaee, ??ciiiai?oia eenooaaiiy. Oe? iaoa??aee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue
i?i?ethno?oaaoe aeeiai?eo a?aeiinei i?ae aea?aeaaith ? oea?eaith.
Aeei?enoiaoth/e oe? aeieoiaioe, aaoi? aeyaey? ?aaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
i?ae ?aaeyinueeeie aea?aeaaieie no?oeoo?aie oa ea??aieie i?aaiaie ?IOe.
Aeieoiaioe iacaaieo oiiae?a aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe iniiai?
iai?yie ?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae oa iaoiaee ?? cae?eniaiiy.
Nie?ath/enue ia oe? aeieoiaioe, iiaeia i?iaiae?coaaoe anoaiiaeaiiy iiaeo
noinoie?a i?ae ?aaeyinueeith aea?aeaaith oa oea?eaith. Ie??i oiai, oe?
aeieoiaioe ni?eythoue aeyaeaiith noaiiaeua oea?eae, oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ??
ae?yeueiino? oa aieeao ia iane a??oth/eo.

Aaaeeea? a?o?ai? iaoa??aee i?i noaiiaeua i?aaineaa’y a Oe?a?i? a
ia??iae iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe?? oaeiae i?noyoueny a oiiaeao
oeaio?aeueieo oa iaeanieo a?o?a?a. Cie?aia, oea iaoa??aee Ooaao
?iia?nueeiai ea??aieea (?aeoneaeoa?a) ?icaiaa?aa aeey ieoiiaaieo
no?aeieo iaeanoae (OeAeAAIO, o.3576). Ooo ciaoiaeyoueny ?ino?oeoe??
I?i?noa?noaa No?aeieo oa?eoi??e ii i?iaaaeaiith ?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee ia
ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??yo, ca?oe ?aceaeaio?a NAe i?i ?ae?a?eia aeeooy. Ca
aeiiiiiaith oeeo aeieoiaio?a aaoi? i?ieeaa? na?oei ia noaiiaeaiiy oa
aaiethoe?th iie?oeee ieoiaio?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?aaineaaii? oea?eae
a Oe?a?i?. Aeacai? iaoa??aee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe ieceo
oaeoi??a, ui aieeaaee ia oi?ioaaiiy oe??? iie?oeee. ?ino?oeoe??
I?i?noa?noaa No?aeieo oa?eoi??e oa ca?oe NAe ni?eythoue aeyaeaiith
??cieo i?aeoiae?a aei ae??oaiiy ?ae?a?eiiai ieoaiiy ia ieoiiaaieo
caieyo, ui a o?e aai ?io?e i??? ae?aaeaeeny a ae?yeueiino? ??cieo
no?oeoo? ieoiaoe?eiiai aia?aoo.

?aae?caoe?y iaoeenonueei? oa ?oioinueei? ?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee a
ieoiiaai?e Oe?a?i? a?aeia?aaeaia a aeieoiaioao iaeanieo a?o?a?a.
Cie?aia, oae? iaoa??aee ciaoiaeyoueny a oiiae? A?iieoeueei? i?nueei?
oi?aae a Aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? A?iieoeueei? iaeano? (AeAAI, o.1312),
oiiae? Iocath-a?o?ao ia?aoiaeiai? aiioe a Aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? Ee?anueei?
iaeano? (AeAEI, o.2412), oiiae? C?iuee?anueei? i?nueei? oi?aae a
Aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? Iieoaanueei? iaeano? (AeAII, o.2702), oiiae?
??aiainueei? i?nueei? oi?aae (AeA?I, o.281), oiiae? *a?i?a?anueei?
i?nueei? oi?aae (AeA*I, o.3001). Oea – ??ciiiai?oi? ?icii?yaeaeaiiy
oeea?eueii? aaei?i?no?aoe??, onoaiiaeaiiy, ye? oi?eathoueny
oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiai aeeooy.

Iaoa??aee oiiae?a E?a?aiai i?iaiaeo i?aai?caoe?? IOI (OeAeAAIO, o.3833),
Iocath-a?o?ao ia?aoiaeiai? aiioe (AeAEI, o.2412) i?noyoue ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i aioo??oea?eiaia aeeooy. A?o?ai? aeieoiaioe iacaaieo oiiae?a aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue iieacaoe i?ioean a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy a Ee?a?
oa ieieeoeyo. A oiiaeao caa??aathoueny iineaiiy, caa?iaiiy oa eenooaaiiy
oe?a?inueeeo a?o???a?a. Oe? aeieoiaioe coiiaeee iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe
i?e/eie ?iceieo a oe?a?inueeiio i?aaineaa’?, a oaeiae aeiiiiiaee
aena?oeeoe i?ioeane noaiiaeaiiy aeaio i?aaineaaieo eiioan?e AIOe oa
OAIOe oa ai?ioueao i?ae ieie.

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii aeey aeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee
iaoa??aee ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue /an?a ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, ui
aeoiaeeee a Oe?a?i?. Ia noi??ieao /aniien?a ioae?eoaaeeny noaoo? i?i
noaiiaeua i?aaineaaii? oea?eae, iane?aeee ai?ioueae i?ioe ?ae?a??.
Na?aae oeeo /aniien?a iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiaothoue oeaeiaaee
“Aacaiaeiee” (Ee?a), aacaoe “Iiaa Oe?a?ia” (Oa?e?a), “Aieeiue” (??aia),
“Aiein Iieoaaueie” (Iieoaaa), “Iieaa” (Iaeana) oa ?io?. Aeaea?aeueia
aaca aeicaiey? ?ice?eoe oaio aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “I?aaineaa’y a Oe?a?i? a 1939-1941 ??.”
aiae?co?oueny noaiiaeua oea?eae a ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i?,
aeine?aeaeothoueny i?ioeane, ye? a?aeaoaaeeny a ?ae?a?eiiio aeeoo?
Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie i?ney i?e?aeiaiiy ?? aei O?N?.

Iai?ee?ioe? 1930-o ?ie?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?aaineaaii? oea?eae
?aaeyinueeei ea??aieoeoaii i?iaiaeeeanue iie?oeea, iniiae yei? aoee
caeeaaeai? ua iai?ee?ioe? 1920-o, ii/aoeo 1930-o ?ie?a.
I?iaeiaaeoaaeenue ?ai?an?? i?ioe a?o???a?a oa aeooiaainoaa, cae?eaaeenue
o?aie, aaeanue aioe?ae?a?eia i?iiaaaiaea.

I?e?aeiaiiy iiaeo oa?eoi??e ia caoiae? aiane?aeie ?ica?iio Iieueu?
coiiaeei iaai? ci?ie a ?ae?a?ei?e iie?oeoe? ?aaeyinueeeo aeanoae. Ia
oa?eoi??? ?aaeyinueei? Oe?a?ie aeaui ciaioeany ?ai?aneaiee oene.
Nayuaiiineoaeeoae? caa?aooiaoaaeenue ? canoaeaeoaaeenue ca
“aioe?aaeyinueeo ae?yeuei?noue”, iaeiae ae?iee aoee ia oaeeie noai?eie,
ye ?ai?o. A i?an? iia?aeiieyeinue i?i “niaeoeyoe?th”, yeith i?aeoi
caeiaeinue aeooiaainoai. Aaoi?, nie?ath/enue ia a?o?ai? iaoa??aee,
aeiaiaeeoue aaci?aenoaai?noue iiae?aieo caeioaa/aiue.

Iiia?aaeiy iie?oeea aii?iue i?ecaaea aei oiai, ui oea?eaa i?oea a
i?aei?eey. A ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i? a oeae ia??iae ?iciianthaeaeaiei
yaeuai noaea ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?eueiiai aeooiaainoaa. ?aaeyinueeeie
i?aaiaie cao?eniaaii aeiaaeee noai?aiiy i?aei?eueieo iiianoe??a.

Cia/io ?ieue o noni?eueiiio aeeoo? ?aaeyinueei? Oe?a?ie a oeae ia??iae
a?ae?a?aaaea Ni?eea Aieiaie/eo Aacaiaeiee?a (NAA). Ia ia? iieeaaeaeinue
caaaeaiiy aaaeaiiy aioe?ae?a?eii? i?iiaaaiaee. NAA ia?aoai?eeanue ia
?icaaeoaeaio ia?aaeo eiio?ieth ca iniaenoei aeeooyi a?iiaaeyi. Ia
aioe?ae?a?eio i?iiaaaiaeo aeae?eyeenue cia/i? eiooe, caeo/aeanue
?ioae?aaioe?y, iieiaeue. Aeena?oaio aeiaiaeeoue ia oaeoao, ui
aacaiaeieoeueea i?iiaaaiaea, yeo aaee ina?aaeee NAA aoea
iaeiaoaeoeaiith. Iniaeeai iacia/ieie aoee ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? NAA
ia nae?.

Aiane?aeie i?aai?caoe?eiiai caiaiaaeo i?aaineaaii? oea?eae a N?N? oa
O?N? ?ae?a?eia aeeooy i?iyaeyeinue ia e?eueeio ??aiyo. Iaei??th c oi?i
i?iyao ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy aoea ae?yeuei?noue iiiaeeiieeo i?aaineaaieo
oea?eia, ye? ua ia aoee cae?eo? ?aaeyinueeeie aeanoyie. Ianooiiith
oi?iith i?iyao ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy aoea ae?yeuei?noue iaca?a?no?iaaieo
nayuaiee?a, ye? ia?aoiaey/e c i?noey ia i?noea cae?enithaaee ?ae?a?ei?
o?aae oa ia?yaee. Iniaeeaei i?iyaii oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiai aeeooy aoee
i?aei?euei? iiianoe?? aai ni?iae i?aai?caoe?? iiiaoanueeiai niiniao
aeeooy a oiiaao ?aaeyinueei? ae?eniino?. Iaei i?noea oaeiae noeo?eia ?
?cieueiaaia aeio?eiaiiy a??oth/eie o?enoeyinueeeo ia?yae?a oa
o?aaeeoe?e.

Ae?yeuei?noue i?aaineaaieo o?ai?a ?aaeyinueea ea??aieoeoai aeiioneaei c
iaoith eiio?ieth ca ?ae?a?eiei aeeooyi, a oaeiae aeey noai?aiiy
a?aaeaiiy i?i aeio?eiaiiy naiaiaee nia?no? a N?N?. Ianoe?nuee? ooieoe??
a oaeeo o?aiao aeeiioaaee nayuaiiineoaeeoae?, ye? ni?a?ia?oie/aee c
IEAN.

Oae caai? “a?iaey/? iiie” ae?yee ii an?e Oe?a?i?. Iaca?a?no?iaai?
nayuaiiineoaeeoae? aoee aeyaeai? aeoea?noaie NAA ia Aeiiaan?, Eoaaiuei?,
Iiae?ee?, *a?i?a?auei?, Ee?auei? oa ?ioeo ?aa?iiao. Iiaeaeoaee ?ae?a?ei?
iio?aae a??oth/eo caaeiaieueiyee eieeoi? iiiaoe.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oene aea?aeaae oa ?ai?an?? a ie?aieo i?noeyo ?anioae?ee
eieeoi? /aioe? ?iaeee ni?iae i?aai?coaaoe i?aei?euei? iiianoe??. I?i
iaeei oaeee a?aeiii a Ee?a?. Eiai i?aai?caoi?e aoee aeyaeai? i?aaiaie
IEAN ? canoaeaeai? aei aaeeeeo oa?i?i?a oa’yciaiiy.

Iae?iciianthaeaeai?oith oi?iith ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy aoei aeio?eiaiiy
a??oth/eie o?enoeyinueeeo ia?yae?a oa o?aaeeoe?e. Oae, o aei?
i?aaineaaieo nayo eieainiieee oa ?ia?oieee ia aeoiaeeee ia ?iaioo,
o?anoeee nai?o ae?oae, ca?aeii c i?aaineaaiei ia?yaeii oiaaee ??aeieo
oiui.

Iaia?aaeiaei? Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie a??oth/? i?iaoaaee /eieoe ii??
aacaiaeieoeuee?e iie?oeoe? aeanoae. Aeena?oaioii i?iaiae?ciaaii oaeoe
aeoeaiiai ? ianeaiiai iii?o i?aaineaaieo a??oth/eo.

A Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? iniaeeai aeyaeeeny noia?a/iino? o i?iaaaeaii?
?aaeyinueeei ea??aieoeoaii ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaii? iie?oeee. Iniaeea?noth
?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy ooo aoei oa, ui aei i?e?aeiaiiy oeueiai ?aa?iio aei
O?N?, a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? ae?yea Iieuenueea Aaoieaoaeueia I?aaineaaia
Oea?eaa, aeecueei naienio ia?ao?e yei? iieieeiny a N?N?. O a?aeiineiao
?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae oa oea?eae a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? aaoi? aeae?ey?
aeaa aniaeoe. Iaeei c ieo aeyaeyany a oiio, ui aeano? i?iaiaeeee oaeo ae
aacaiaeieoeueeo iie?oeeo, ye ? a ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i?. I?iaiaeeeenue
?ai?an?? i?ioe aeooiaainoaa oa iiiao?a, cae?eaaeeny o?aie oa iiianoe??,
?icai?oaeanue aioe?ae?a?eia i?iiaaaiaea. Ii?yae c oeei aeanoyie aoei
noeioeueiaaia ia?ai?aeii?yeoaaiiy Iineianuee?e iao??a?o?? a?o???a?a
Iieuenueei? Aaoieaoaeueii? I?aaineaaii? Oea?eae. Iineianueea iao??a?o?y
aeey iineeaiiy nai?o iiceoe?e ia iiaii?e?aeiaieo oa?eoi??yo cae?enieea
o??ioii?? iiaeo ?ieneii?a aeey oeueiai e?ath ? noai?eea aeca?oao a
Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? ? A?ei?on??. ?ieneiiaie noaee Aeaianeei (Iaethoa),
Iaioaeaeiii (?oaeee), Aai?ai?i (Iiaeoeueeee). Oaeei /eiii, ae?yeuei?noue
iao??a?o?? a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? iaia?aaeiaei? a?eie iaea ?acoeueoaoii
i?aai?caoe?ei? i?aeaaeeie iaeaooiueiai ?iceieo a i?aaineaa’? Oe?a?ie.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “I?aaineaai? eiioan?? a ieoiiaai?e iaoeenoaie oa
?oioiaie Oe?a?i? (/a?aaiue 1941 – ethoee 1944)” i?iaiae?ciaaii
a?aeiineie i?ae ieoiaoe?eieie ?aaeeiaie oa i?aaineaaieie eiioan?yie, ye?
aeieeee ia oie /an – Aaoiiiiiith I?aaineaaiith Oea?eaith, Oe?a?inueeith
Aaoieaoaeueiith I?aaineaaiith Oea?eaith oa i?aaineaaiith oea?eaith a
O?aini?no???.

?ae?a?eia iie?oeea iaoeeno?a ia caaa?aaieo oa?eoi??yo ?aaeyinueeiai
Nithco coiiaethaaeanue iaiao?aei?noth iiceoeaiiai aieeao ia ianaeaiiy c
iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy ieoiaoe?eieo caoiae?a – aenieoaoaoe?? iaoa??aeueieo
oa ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a. Aaoi? i?aeaea? aiae?co iie?oe/i?, ?aeaieia?/i?
oa nioe?aeuei? oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaaee ia a?aeiioaiiy ieoiaio?a aei
i?aaineaaii? oea?eae a Oe?a?i?. Aeena?oaioii aeae?eai? aoaie ?icaeoeo
?ae?a?eii? iie?oeee iaoeeno?a a Oe?a?i?

“?ae?a?eia naiaiaea” ia?oeo i?nyoe?a ieoiaoe?? ni?eyea a?ae?iaeaeaiith
oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiai aeeooy. O ?acoeueoao? ni?eueieo coneeue
a??oth/eo, oe?a?inueei? oeea?eueii? aaei?i?no?aoe??, aeooiaainoaa,
a?o???a?a aaea aei e?ioey 1941 ?ieo aoei a?aee?eoi aeecueei 1900
i?aaineaaieo o?ai?a ii an?e Oe?a?i?. Noai?thaaeenue i?aaie oea?eiaiiai
oi?aae?iiy.

Aiane?aeie oiai, ui a ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i? iaia?aaeiaei? Aaeeei?
A?o/eciyii? a?eie i?aeoe/ii aoei a?aenooi? i?aai?ciaaia aeeooy
i?aaineaaii? oea?eae, i?ney ?? ieoiaoe?? iaoeenoaie aeieeei e?eueea
oa?oiiaaiue oea?eiaii-a?iiaaenueeeo ae?y/?a, ye? ii-??ciiio aa/eee
ia?niaeoeae aoae?aieoeoaa oea?eae a Oe?a?i?. Aeena?oaio aiae?co?
eiioeaioe?? a?aeaoaeiae i?aaineaaii? oea?eae a ieoiiaai?e iaoeenoaie
Oe?a?i?, c yeeie aenooiaee oe? oa?oiiaaiiy.

Ia e?iaoeue 1941 ?ieo ooaa?aeeeenue aea? iiceoe?? a?aeiinii
i?aai?caoe?eiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oea?eae na?aae oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaieo
ae?y/?a. Ia ?o iniia? aeieeee aea? eiioan?? – Aaoiiiiia I?aaineaaia
Oea?eaa, yea caa?aaea eaiii?/ia ?aeiaiiy c Iineianueeith iao??a?o??th ?
Oe?a?inueea Aaoieaoaeueia I?aaineaaia Oea?eaa, yea eaiii?/ii aoea
ca’ycaia c Aa?oaanueeith Ieo?iiie??th. Aaoi? aeoeaioo? oaaao ia ?ie?
iaoeenonueeeo ieoiaio?a o noai?aii? aeaio eiioan?e ? aeieeiaii?
noia?ieoeoaa i?ae ieie. Ae?yeuei?noue ieoiaio?a, ni?yiiaaia ia ?iceie
i?aaineaa’y a Oe?a?i?, noaea iniaeea?noth ae?oaiai aoaio ?icaeoeo
oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiai aeeooy ia ieoiiaaieo oa?aiao Oe?a?ie.

I?aai?caoe?eia noaiiaeaiiy AIOe oa OAIOe a?aeaoaaeiny a oiiaao aei?noei?
iieai?ee i?ae oea?eaaie. Iaoith ai?ioueae c iaio noi??i aoei
?iciianthaeaeaiiy aieeao nai?? eiioan?? ia anth Oe?a?io.

Oaiaeaioe?th aei ia’?aeiaiiy, yea iaea i?noea ? a OAIOe, ? a AIOe,
iaoeenoe onoioee. Ieoiaoe?eia aeaaea ia aeciaea “Aeo ii?aeiaiiy” a?ae 8
aeiaoiy 1942 ?.

O /a?ai? 1942 ?ieo iaoeenonuee? ieoiaioe ae??oeee c?oeioaaoe no?oeoo?o
iaio oea?eia c iaoith iineeeoe eiio?ieue iaae eiioan?yie. A iniia?
oeueiai ??oaiiy eaaeaee “?ino?oeoe??” ?icaiaa?aa a?ae 13 o?aaiy 1942 ?.
I?ney ?aae?caoe?? ?aeae ?icaiaa?aa ainaie 1942 ?. ia oa?eoi???
ieoiiaaii? Oe?a?ie oaeoe/ii aeieeei aeae?eueea i?aaineaaieo eiioan?e,
oa?eoi??y yeeo iaiaaeoaaeanue ei?aeiiaie aaia?aeueieo ie?oa.
Aeena?oaioii i?iaiae?ciaaia ?aaeoe?y a?o???a?a iaio eiioan?e ia
ao?o/aiiy iaoeeno?a o aioo??oi? aeeooy oea?eae.

Aeicaieeaoe a?aeiiaeoe i?aaineaaio oea?eao, ieoiaioe an?eyei
iaiaaeoaaee ?? ae?yeuei?noue. Aiie caai?iieee i?aai?ciaoaaoe i?aaineaai?
a?aonoaa, ia aeiioneaee aeooiaainoai a oaai?e a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo.
Oea?ea? caai?iiaii aoei aanoe aeaaiae?eieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue.

Iaoeenoe iaiaaaeeny yeiiiaa aoaeoeai?oa aeei?enoaoe caeaoi?noue oea?eae
aieeaaoe ia a??oth/eo neiaii. Aaoi? iaaiaeeoue i?eeeaaee caa?iaiue,
iineaiue a?o???a?a AIOe oa OAIOe, a yeeo a??oth/eo caeeeeathoue
i?aeo?eioaaoe o? /e ?io? caoiaee ieoiaoe?eieo aeanoae.

Oaeiai ?iaeo ae?yeuei?noue i?aaineaaieo a?o???a?a oa aeooiaainoaa
i?ae?eaaea aaoi?eoao i?aaineaaieo oea?eia a onueiai oe?a?inueeiai
ianaeaiiy, iacaeaaeii a?ae oiai, eiio aiii neiiaoecoaaei – *a?aii?e
A?i?? /e OIA.

*anoeia aeooiaainoaa OAIOe acyea o/anoue o aieiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo OIA.
Aeaai/eiiei aeooiaainoaa OIA aoa nayuaiee Ieaen?e Aoiaithe. Aaoi?eoao
aeooiaainoaa aoa aeineoue aenieei, ine?eueee aeoiea nayuaiiineoaeeoae?a
?iiae? aieeaaea ia i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ea??aieoeoaa oe?a?inueeeo ia?oecai.
O?aa?/iei iane?aeeii i?aeoea?eiaii? ai?ioueae noaa oa?i? OIA i?ioe
nayuaiee?a-aaoiiii?no?a. A?ae ?oe aieiaee?a OIA caaeioee ieo?iiieeo AIOe
Ieaen?e A?iiaaenueeee ? ?ieneii AIOe Iaio?e Oa?iaanueeee.

Aeooiaainoai OAIOe caciaei oa?i?o c aieo iieuenueeeo ca?ieieo
oi?ioaaiue, a oaeiae c aieo iaoeenonueeeo ea?aeueieo caaii?a.

Ca ia??iae ieoiaoe?? iaoeenoaie Oe?a?ie a??oth/ei, aeooiaainoao ?
?ieneiiaoo iaio i?aaineaaieo oea?eia aaeaeiny aeiaeoeny cia/ieo oni?o?a
o a?ae?iaeaeaii? ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy. Iaeyne?aa?oei na?ae/aiiyi oeueiai
aoea /enaeuei?noue i?aaineaaieo o?ai?a, a?aee?eoeo o oeae ia??iae.
Cie?aia, a cii? i?iaoeueei? ieoiaoe?? aoei caiiai a?aee?eoi aeecueei
4500 i?aaineaaieo o?ai?a oa iieeoiaieo aoaeeie?a.

Nie?ath/enue ia a?o?ai? iaoa??aee oa ?io? iaoeia? aeaea?aea, aaoi?
cae?eniea i?ae?aooiee /enaeueiino? ia?ao?e OAIOe oa AIOe. Aaoieaoaeueia
oea?eaa iaea aeecueei 2100 ia?ao?e, a Aaoiiiiia oea?eaa – aeecueei 2800.

Ia ieoiiaaieo ?oioiaie oe?a?inueeeo caieyo ?oioinueea i?aaineaaia
oea?eaa aenooieea caniaii aeaiaoe?iiae?caoe?? oa ?oioi?caoe?? i?noeaaiai
ianaeaiiy.

Aieiaiei ?oo??i a?aeiiaeaiiy ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy a O?aini?no??? aoee
a??oth/? oe?a?ioe?.

Aaoi?ii ?icaeyiooi ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? ?oioinueei? I?aaineaaii?
I?n?? ia /ie? c ieo?iiieeoii A?nna??iiii ia ae?eyioe? oea?eiaiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa, i?aai?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? iiianoe??a, ?icaeoeo ca’yce?a c
?ioeie i?aaineaaieie eiioan?yie, cie?aia, Aaoiiiiiith I?aaineaaiith
Oea?eaith a cii? i?iaoeueei? ieoiaoe??.

Aeena?oaio i?aee?aneth?, ui i?aaineaaia oea?eaa a O?aini?no???, oae aea,
ye ? i?aaineaai? eiioan?? a iaoeenonuee?e cii? ieoiaoe?? Oe?a?ie aoea
aeei?enoaia, ye can?a aieeao ia ianaeaiiy caaeey a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai
aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue, ye? noiyee ia?aae ?oioinueeei ieoiaoe?eiei
?aaeeiii. Ii?iaeuei?e aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? i?aaineaaii? oea?eae
ia?aoeiaeaeaea iie?oeea ieoiaio?a.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “?in?enueea (?onueea) i?aaineaaia oea?eaa a
Oe?a?i? i?ney aecaieaiiy a?ae i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo oa ?oioinueeeo
caaa?aiee?a (aa?anaiue 1943 – aa?anaiue 1945)” ?icaeyiooi ?icaeoie
iie?oeee ?aaeyinueeiai ea??aieoeoaa ii a?aeiioaiith aei ?ae?a?? oa
oea?eae i?ioyaii a?eie, iiaa i?aaiaa iieiaeaiiy ?onueei? i?aaineaaii?
oea?eae (?IOe), yea aiia io?eiaea a ?aaeyinuee?e aea?aeaa?, a oaeiae
i?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? iai?yie ae?yeueiino? ?IOe o aecaieai?e a?ae
iaoeeno?a oa ?oioinueeeo ieoiaio?a Oe?a?i?.

O ?icaeoeo a?aeiinei i?ae ?aaeyinueeith aea?aeaaith oa ?IOe i?ioyaii
a?eie iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e aoaie. Ia?oee aoai iaa o?eaae?noue a?ae
aa?aniy 1939 ?. ii /a?aaiue 1941 ?.

I?ney ii/aoeo Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie ?icii/eia?oueny ae?oaee aoai
?icaeoeo ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaii? iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae (/a?aaiue
1941 ?. – aa?anaiue 1943 ?.). Ia oeueiio aoai? ia?ane?aeoaaiiy oea?eae
i?eieieeiny. Oea?eaa acyea o/anoue o iao??ioe/iiio i?aeianaii?
noni?euenoaa, a oaeiae o aeayeeo i?iiaaaiaeenonueeeo aeoe?yo aeanoae.
Noae?inueea ea??aieoeoai neanoaaei aeene?ei?iaoe?eio iiaeaoeiao i?aeoeeo
uiaei oea?eae. Iaeiae, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ianya ae?yeueiino?
Iineianueei? iao??a?o??, a ye?e aoa caoe?eaaeaiee o?yae, cia/ii
ca?eueoeany, ana ua caa??aaeanue iaaia iaaeia??a aei oea?eae.

I?ioyaii o?aoueiai aoaio (aa?anaiue 1943 ?. – aa?anaiue 1945 ?.)
a?aeaoeinue inoaoi/ia ioi?ieaiiy aaeineiiaeaii? ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaii?
iie?oeee ?aaeyinueeiai o?yaeo. I?enei?aiith oeueiai ni?eyea, ii?yae c
?ioeie oaeoi?aie, iayai?noue a ieoiiaai?e iaoeenoaie Oe?a?i? aaeeei?
e?eueeino? ae?th/eo i?aaineaaieo o?ai?a. Ia oeueiio aoai? oea?eaa, ca
ni?eyiiy aea?aeaae, aoea i?aai?caoe?eii ? iaoa??aeueii ci?oeiaia. Iaeiae
?? ae?yeuei?noue iio?aieea i?ae aei?noieee eiio?ieue niaoe?aeueiiai
i?aaio – ?aaee a ni?aaao ?IOe i?e ?IE N?N?, yeo i/ieea io?oea?
aea?aeaaciaee A.A.Ea?iia. Iiaa noaiiaeua i?aaineaaii? oea?eae aoei
aecia/aii ieceith nae?aoieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a.

Iineianueea iao??a?o?y a?aeiiaeea nai? iiceoe?? ia aecaieaieo oa?aiao.
Iaaaeiac? i?ney aecaieaiiy iaeanoae Oe?a?ie aoee aecia/ai? ?ia?o??,
eoaee iao??a?o?y iia?aoeaii iai?aaeyea nai?o a?o???a?a. Aeca?oii Oe?a?ie
noaa ieo?iiieeo ?iai. Aeena?oaio aeaoaeueii ?icaeyaea? i?ioean
a?aeiiaeaiiy no?oeoo? ?IOe a Oe?a?i?, aeacoth/e ia oa, ui oeueiio
ni?eyea aea?aeaaia iie?oeea.

Ii?yae c oi?ioaaiiyi oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? ?IOe, a Oe?a?i? i?ioiaeea
i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo oiiaiiaaaeaieo ?aaee a ni?aaao ?IOe ii
iaeanoyo. Cia/ia /anoeia oiiaiiaaaeaieo aoea ni?a?ia?oieeaie IEAeA.
Na?aae /eiiaiee?a ?aaeyinueei? aaei?i?no?aoe?? oiiaiiaaaeaiee ?aaee a
ni?aaao ?IOe caeiaa i?noea, yea ii nai?e cia/eiino? aei??aithaaei
i?noeth caa?aeoth/iai a?aeae?eii iaeaeeiieiio.

Cia/io ?ieue o iaeaaiaeaeaii? ii?iaeueiiai oea?eiaiiai aeeooy a Oe?a?i?
a oeae ia??iae a?ae?a?aaaee iiianoe??. ?aaeyinueea ea??aieoeoai
caeeoeei, a iniiaiiio, ca iiianoe?yie oa iaeii, yea aiie io?eiaee ua a
ia??iae ieoiaoe??.

Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino? ?IOe a Oe?a?i? a oeae
ia??iae aoea iao??ioe/ia ae?yeuei?noue. Aiia ae?aaeaeanue o cai??
iiaea?oa a??oth/eo aeey iio?aa o?iioo. Aeooiaainoai i?eeiaei a?ae
a??oth/eo iiaea?oae o aeaeyae? a?ioae, i?iaeoeo?a, oaieeo ?a/ae oiui.
Ie??i iaoa??aeueii? aeiiiiiae aea?aeaa?, nayuaieee i?aeo?eioaaee
iao??ioe/i? iano?i? ianaeaiiy oeyoii i?iiia?ae?, iieeoia ca ia?aiiao
*a?aiii? A?i?? oiui.

Ii?yae c iao??ioe/iith ae?yeuei?noth, Iineianueea iao??a?o?y a Oe?a?i? a
oeae ia??iae aaaaoi oaaae i?eae?eyea i?iaeai? e?ea?aeaoe?? caeeoe?a
aaoieaoaeueii? oea?eae. Iao??a?o?y ae?yea i?ae ea??aieoeoaii ? eiio?ieai
?aaee a ni?aaao ?IOe oa ?? oiiaiiaaaeaieo ia i?noeyo. Iaaeaaaee
aeiiiiiao ?IOe o oeueiio ieoaii? ? i?aaie IEAN oa IEAeA. Ai?ioueaa c
aaoieaoae??th iineea i?eioeeiiaee oa?aeoa? ye c aieo Iineianueei?
iao??a?o??, oae ? c aieo ?aaeyinueeeo aeanoae. Aeey ?IOe caeeoee OAIOe
ianee caa?ico ?iceieo oea?eae, a aeey aeaaee iaaaciaea aaoieaoae??
iieyaaea a oiio, ui aiia i?yii /e iiina?aaeeiaaii aoea ca’ycaia c
ai?ioueaith oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ca iacaeaaei?noue.

Iineianueea iao??a?o?y aenooieea caniaii e?ea?aeaoe?? Oe?a?inueei?
A?aei-eaoieeoeueei? Oea?eae. Iai?ee?ioe? a?eie eoea aeoeaia i?aeaioiaea
aei oe??? aeoe??. Noae?iei aoa i?aeienaiee ieai c 10 ioieo?a, yeee
i?aeaiooaaee niaoe?ae?noe c ?aaee a ni?aaao ?IOe i?e ?IE N?N? oa ?aaee a
ni?aaao eoeueo?a i?e ?IE N?N?, a yeiio i?noeeeny caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia
ai?ioueao c OAEOe. Aaoi? aiae?co? iaeaaaeeea?o? c oeeo caoiae?a.

Iaaani? 1945 ?ieo aoea noai?aia “?i?oe?aoeaia a?oia” a eii? OAEOe, yea
noaea aiooaaoe niai? oea?eae c iaoith i?e?aeiaiiy aei ?IOe.
Oiiaiiaaaeai? ?aaee a ni?aaao eoeueo?a ii cao?aeieo iaeanoyo i?iaiaeeee
aan?aee c? nayuaieeaie OAEOe, i?ae /an yeeo ia?aeiioaaee inoaii?o
i?e?aeiaoenue aei “?i?oe?aoeaii? a?oie”. Nayuaiee?a, ye? a?aeiiaeyeenue
oea c?iaeoe, caa?aooiaoaaee i?aaie IEAeA. Ie??i oiai, aoa caa?aooiaaiee
aanue ?ieneiiao OAEOe. Aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui iaoiaee ai?ioueae c OAEOe
aaaaoi a /iio aoee noiaeeie c iaoiaeaie ai?ioueae c aaoieaoaeueiith
oea?eaith. Ci?oeiaiiy ?IOe noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue caeo/aiiyi eiioan??
?aaeyinueeith aea?aeaaith aei ae??oaiiy aioo??oiuei- ?
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ieo caaaeaiue.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaio i?eeoia aei iecee
aeniiae?a, aieiai? c yeeo aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

— C ii/aoeii ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, oioae?oa?i? ?aaeeie noaee aeoeaii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?ae?a?eiee oaeoi?. O ?aaeyinueeiio Nithc? oa a
iaoeenonuee?e I?ia//ei? iai?/a?oueny oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo i?aeoiae?a o
noinoieao c oea?eaith. A ?aaeyinueeiio Nithc? oa a iaoeenonuee?e
I?ia//ei? iia? i?aeoiaee aecia/aeeny i?aaiaoeciii. Iniaeea?noth ?icaeoeo
?aaeyinueei? ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaii? iie?oeee aoei iinooiiaa iie?auaiiy
noaaeaiiy aea?aeaae aei ?IOe. Iaoeenoe aeyaeyee iaaeia??o aei oea?eae,
ni?eyee ?? ?iceieo. sseui ?aaeyinueea aea?aeaaa ? iaoeenonuee?e ?aaeei o
nai?e ?aeaieia?? aeio?eioaaeeny aioe?ae?a?eieo, aioeo?enoeyinueeeo
iiceoe?e, oi ?oioinueeee ?aaeei Aioiianeo iaiaaaany i?euaieoe aeaiaioe
oaoenonueei? aeieo?eie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ?oioinueei? i?aaineaaii?
oea?eae.

— ?ae?a?eia aeeooy a 1939-1941 ??. aeyaeyeiny a ??cieo oi?iao. Oea –
ae?yeuei?noue iiiaeeiieeo i?aaineaaieo o?ai?a, ?nioaaiiy i?aei?eueieo
iiianoe??a, ?ioeo oea?eiaieo iaoi?iaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue, ae?yeuei?noue
iaca?a?no?iaaieo nayuaiiineoaeeoae?a, aeio?eiaiiy a??oth/eie
i?aaineaaieo ia?yae?a ? o?aaeeoe?e.

— Aeieeiaiiy aeaio i?aaineaaieo eiioan?e o iaoeenonuee?e cii? ieoiaoe??
– Aaoiiiiii? I?aaineaaii? Oea?eae oa Oe?a?inueei? Aaoieaoaeueii?
I?aaineaaii? Oea?eae aoei coiiaeaia iaoeenonueeith ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaiith
iie?oeeith. Ii?yae c oeei o oea?eiaiiio ?iceie? a?ae?a?aea a?aeiia?aeio
?ieue iayai?noue aeae?eueeio oa?oiiaaiue oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaieo ae?y/?a
c aeanieie eiioeaioe?yie oea?eiaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa. Ci?no oea?eiaiiai
aeeooy caeaaeaa oaeiae a?ae nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe??
oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iaoeenonueei? ciie ieoiaoe??,
aea ia ?nioaaei ?aeeii? oea?eiaii? oi?aae?inueei? no?oeoo?e,
oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaia aeeooy a O?aini?no??? aoei iiai?noth
i?aeii?yaeeiaaia ?oioinuee?e i?aaineaai?e oea?ea?.

— Iayai?noue ?aeeii? i?aaineaaii? oea?eiaii? i?aai?caoe?? a ieoiiaai?e
Oe?a?i? ia a?aeiia?aeaea ?ioa?anai i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo caaa?aiee?a.
Aeiioneath/e aeoeai?noue ie?aieo oea?eiaieo oa?oiiaaiue ? iaeo?ae?coth/e
ae?yeuei?noue ?ioeo, iaoeenoe aeiaeeeny aeieeiaiiy ?iceieo a i?aaineaa’?
Oe?a?ie ? noai?aiiy aeaio i?aaineaaieo eiioan?e – AIOe ? OAIOe.

— Oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaia aeeooy a ieoiiaai?e iaoeenoaie Oe?a?i?
?icaeaaeiny a /ioe?e aoaie: ia?oee ioiiethaaa ia??iae c /a?aiy 1941 ?.
ii aeiaoaiue 1941 ?., – ia??iae, eiee ieoiaioe ia ao?o/aeenue a
?ae?a?eia aeeooy, aeicaieyth/e ? ni?eyth/e eiai a?aeiiaeaiith. Ae?oaee
aoai iaa /ania? ?aiee: aeiaoaiue 1941 ?. – /a?aaiue 1942 ?. Ci?noii
oeueiai aoaio noaea iie?oeea ieoiaio?a, ni?yiiaaia ia ?iceie i?aaineaa’y
ia aea? i?aaineaai? eiioan??. O?ao?e aoai iaa o?eaae?noue a?ae /a?aiy
1942 ?. ii n?/aiue 1943 ?. Oea aoa aoai ?ai?aai?caoe?? oea?eiaiiai
aeeooy, aiane?aeie yei? iaeaea? eiioan?? aoee ?icae?iaeai? ia oea?eiai?
ia’?aeiaiiy a iaaeao eiaeiiai aaia?ae-eii?na??aoo. *aoaa?oee aoai
(n?/aiue 1943 ?. – ethoee 1944 ?.) oa?aeoa?iee oei, ui iaoeenoe,
aaeeaath/e aaei?i?no?aoeaieo aaaeae?a, iineeaii aeei?enoiaoaaee
caeaoi?noue oea?eae aieeaaoe neiaii ia a??oth/eo caaeey ae??oaiiy nai?o
caaaeaiue.

— A?aeiiaeaiiy ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy a O?aini?no??? ii/aeinue o aa?ani?
1941 ?. Cia/io ?ieue o ?icaoaeia? oea?eae ooo a?ae?a?aa ieo?iiieeo
A?nna??ii Ioth. ?oioinuee? ieoiaioe aeei?enoiaoaaee oea?eao ye
cia?yaeaey aieeao ia ieoiiaaia ianaeaiiy caaeey aoaeoeaiiai i?iaaaeaiiy
caoiae?a ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio oa ?oioi?caoe??.

— Anoaiiaeaiiy iiaiai th?eaee/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai noaoono ?in?enueei?
(?onueei?) i?aaineaaii? oea?eae coiiaeei caeo/aiiy a??oth/eo Oe?a?ie aei
iao??ioe/ii? ae?yeueiino?. C aeiiiiiaith aeanoae Iineianuee?e iao??a?o??
aaeaeiny e?ea?aeoaaoe caeeoee aaoieaoae?? ? ?icii/aoe i?aeaioiaeo aei
e?ea?aeaoe?? OAEOe. ?IOe iio?aieea a aei?noeo caeaaei?noue a?ae
aea?aeaaieo no?oeoo?.

Ioae?eaoe?? aaoi?a, ui a?aeaeaathoue iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??

Noaoo?:

1. “Iineianueeee eiiei?aeao”: ?noi??y ? nueiaiaeaiiy // ?icaoaeiaa
aea?aeaae. – 1998. — ?3-4. – N.107-115.

2. I?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeee ieoiaoe?eiee ?aaeei ? i?aaineaai? eiioan?? a
Oe?a?i? // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. – 1998. — ?3. – N.107-119.

3. Aeaeaaie/a ae?yeuei?noue i?aaineaaieo eiioan?e a Oe?a?i? a ia??iae
ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie // A?niee Eieaeeiai? iaeaoe. – 1998. — ?8. –
N.28-30.

4. Ina?aaeee a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai i?aaineaa’y a ia??iae
iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe?? (1941-1944 ??.) // A?niee Ee?anueeiai
Oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1998. – Aei.39. – N.52-56.

Oace ? iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e:

5. I?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeee ieoiaoe?eiee ?aaeei ? i?aaineaaia oea?eaa a
Oe?a?i? // ?noi??y ?ae?a?e a Oe?a?i?. Oace iia?aeiieaiue VII
I?aeia?iaeiiai e?oaeiai noieo (Euea?a, 12-14 o?aaiy 1997 ?.). – Euea?a,
1997. – N.54-55.

6. I?aaineaaia oea?eaa ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo a 1937-1941 ??. // “?aeay
iaoe?iiaeueii? oea?eae a Oe?a?i?” (Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??). – Oa?iii?eue, 1997. – N.23-26.

7. I?e/eie ? iane?aeee ni?eee ?onueei? i?aaineaaii? oea?eae c
?aaeyinueeei ?aaeeiii // O?enoeyinoai ? eoeueoo?a: ?noi??y, o?aaeeoe??,
no/ani?noue: ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – Iieoaaa, 1998. – N.43-47.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ai?ae??iei A.A. I?aaineaai? eiioan?? a Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo ae?oai? na?oiai?
a?eie (aa?anaiue 1939 – aa?anaiue 1945 ??.). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01 – ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. – Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aiae?cothoueny i?ioeane a oea?eiaii-i?aaineaaiiio aeeoo?
Oe?a?ie a ia??iae ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Nie?ath/enue ia oe?ieo
aeaea?aeueio aaco, aaoi? aena?oeth? ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaio iie?oeeo
?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae, iaoeenonueeiai oa ?oioinueeiai ieoiaoe?eieo
?aaeei?a. A ?iaio? aecia/aii oaeoi?e ? oiiae a?ae?iaeaeaiiy i?aaineaaii?
oea?eae a Oe?a?i? i?ae /an ieoiaoe??. Iieacaia ?ieue oea?eae a
noni?eueiiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie i?ney aecaieaiiy ?? a?ae
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo caaa?aiee?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ae?a?eii-oea?eiaia iie?oeea, i?aaineaaia eiioan?y,
Aaoiiiiia I?aaineaaia Oea?eaa, Oe?a?inueea Aaoieaoaeueia I?aaineaaia
Oea?eaa, ?in?enueea (?onueea) i?aaineaaia oea?eaa, Iineianueea
iao??a?o?y, ae?oaa na?oiaa a?eia.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ai?aeeaiei A.A. I?aaineaaiua eiioannee a Oe?aeia ia?eiaea aoi?ie ie?iaie
aieiu (naioya?ue 1939 – naioya?ue 1945 aa.). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01 – Enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. – Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao
eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaaaony ?aeeaeicii-oea?eiaiay iieeoeea
niaaoneiai ainoaea?noaa, iaoeenoneiai e ?oiuineiai ieeoiaoeeiiiuo
?aaeeiia a Oe?aeia a ia?eiae aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu. Aiaeece?oaony
ioiioaiea niaaoneiai ?oeiaiaenoaa a eiioea 30-o – ia/aea 40-o aiaeia e
i?aaineaaiie oea?eae. Aeoeaioe?oaony aieiaiea ia oii oaeoa, /oi iaeaioia
aieiu n aeoea?ianeie Aa?iaieae a ?aeeaeicii-oea?eiaiie iieeoeea
niaaoneiai ?oeiaiaenoaa i?iecioee ii?aaeaeaiiua eciaiaiey.

Niaaoneia ainoaea?noai, a nayce n iiauie caaeaieyie a Caiaaeiie Oe?aeia
e Aaei?onnee, eioi?ua auee i?eniaaeeiaiu e NNN? iinea ?aca?iia Iieueoe,
?aoeei eniieueciaaoue oea?eiaue aeey aioo?eiieeoe/aneeo oeaeae.
Iineianeay iao?ea?oey iieo/eea aiciiaeiinoue ia?aiiae/eieoue iiae naith
th?enaeeeoeeth i?aaineaaiua i?eoiaeu caiaaeiuo iaeanoae. Oaeei ia?acii,
a 1939 a. iaiaoeeny ia?aeii a ioiioaiee niaaoneiai ainoaea?noaa e
oea?eae.

?aeeaeicii-oea?eiaiay iieeoeea iaoeenoia oi?ie?iaaeanue iiae aeeyieai
?aciuo oaeoi?ia. A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony eaeaieiae/aneea,
iieeoe/aneea e nioeeaeueiua oaeoi?u ?acaeoey ?aeeaeiciie iieeoeee
iaoeenoia eae a Aa?iaiee, oae e ia ieeoie?iaaiiuo oa??eoi?eyo NNN?.
Aeiionoea, ii oaeoe/aneei niia?aaeaieyi, «?aeeaeicioth naiaiaeo»
iaoeenou niinianoaiaaee aic?iaeaeaieth i?aaineaaiie oea?eae ia
ieeoie?iaaiiie oa??eoi?ee. Iie aea niaeaenoaiaaee aicieeiiaaieth ?aneiea
a i?aaineaaee Oe?aeiu, aaea ia?aciaaeenue aeaa eiioannee: Aaoiiiiiay
I?aaineaaiay Oea?eiaue e Oe?aeineay Aaoieaoaeueiay I?aaineaaiay
Oea?eiaue. Ieeoiaiou noeioee?iaaee ai?ueao iaaeaeo oea?eayie. Ai aoi?ie
ia?eiae ieeoiaoeee iaoeenou ?acae?iaeee iaa eiioannee ia oea?eiaiua
iauaaeeiaiey a a?aieoeao aaia?aeueiuo eiienna?eaoia n oeaeueth iieiiai
aaeieieno?aoeaiiai iiae/eiaiey ieeoiaoeeiiiui aeanoyi.

?oiuineay ?aeeaeicii-oea?eiaiay iieeoeea a O?ainieno?ee eiaea oeaeueth
eniieueciaaoue i?aaineaaioth oea?eiaue aeey aieaa yooaeoeaiie
?aaeecaoeee ia?ii?eyoee ieeoiaoeeiiiuo aeanoae. I?aaineaaiay oea?eiaue
O?ainieno?ee auea aeeth/aia a ninoaa ?oiuineie i?aaineaaiie oea?eae.

A aeenna?oaoeee aiaeece?oaony i?ioeann aic?iaeaeaiey ?aeeaeiciie aeecie
a oneiaeyo ieeoiaoeee. Ca ia?eiae ieeoiaoeee auei aiiaue ioe?uoi aieaa
4500 i?aaineaaiuo o?aiia e iieeoaaiiuo aeiiia, aeaenoaiaaei 47
iiianou?ae. Ii?aaeaeaiiue ia?aaan ii eiee/anoao i?eoiaeia eiaea
Aaoiiiiiay oea?eiaue.

Aneaaenoaea ?acee/iuo i?e/ei, aaaeiaeoae ec eioi?uo auei iaee/ea ouny/
ioe?uouo oea?eaae ia ieeoie?iaaiiie oa??eoi?ee, niaaoneia i?aaeoaeuenoai
i?eiyei ?aoaiea ocaeiieoue iiaia iieiaeaiea oea?eae a NNN?. A
aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony i?e/eiu, a oaeaea i?ioeann niaa?oainoaiaaiey
?aeeaeicii-oea?eiaiie iieeoeee niaaoneiai ainoaea?noaa. ?IOe, i?e
iin?aaeie/anoaa Niaaoa ii aeaeai ?IOe i?e NIE NNN?, iiiaea iiae no?iaee
eiio?ieue niaaoneiai ?oeiaiaenoaa e ia auea naiaiaeia a naieo
aeaenoaeyo.

A aeenna?oaoeee aiaeece?oaony aeayoaeueiinoue Iineianeie iao?ea?oee,
iai?aaeaiiay ia eeeaeaeaoeeth inoaoeia aaoieaoaeee e iiaeaioiaeo e
eeeaeaeaoeee Oe?aeineie A?aei-eaoiee/aneie Oea?eae.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aeeaeicii-oea?eiaiay iieeoeea, i?aaineaaiay eiioanney,
Aaoiiiiiay I?aaineaaiay Oea?eiaue, Oe?aeineay Aaoieaoaeueiay
I?aaineaaiay Oea?eiaue, ?inneeneay (?onneay) i?aaineaaiay oea?eiaue,
Iineianeay iao?ea?oey, aoi?ay ie?iaay aieia.

SUMMARY

Gordienko V.V. Orthodox confessions in Ukraine during the Second World
War (september 1939 – september 1945). – Manuscript.

Thesis for candidate’s degree by specialty 07.00.01. — History of
Ukraine. – Kyiv University named after Taras Shevchenko, Kyiv, 1999.

Thesis deals with the analysis of process of the life of the orthodox
Church during the Second World War. Basing on the wide range of sources,
author investigated the state policy in the field of religion and Church
of the Soviet State, natsist and Romanian occupations.

Stated the main factors and conditions of revival church in Ukraine
during the occupation. Shown the role of the church in social life of
Ukraine after liberation from germane fascists.

Key words: religious policy, orthodox confession, Autonomy Orthodox
church, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, Russian Orthodox
Church, Moscow Patriarchien, Second World War.

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