Працездатність людини в умовах тренування диханням штучним гірським повітрям: Автореф. дис… канд. мед. наук / М.І. Волобуєв, АМН України. Ін-т медиц

AEAAeAI?ss IAAeE*IEO IAOE IINOEOOO IAAeEOeEIE I?AOeI

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

AIEIAO?A Ieoaeei ?aaiiae/

OAeE 612. 821 : 613.73 ] : 355

I?AOeACAeAOIINOUe ETHAeEIE A OIIAAO O?AIOAAIIss AeEOAIIssI OOO*IEI
A??NUeEEI IIA?O?ssI

14. 02.01 — aiai?ia

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoeiy y ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iinoeoooi oiciieiai? ii. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee : aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aa?acianueeee Aaaeei sseeiiae/

caaiaeoth/ee aiaeaeieii eeiii/ii? iaoioiciieiai? Iinoeoooo oiciieiai?
ii. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IAI Oe?a?ie

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe : aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?oaei?a Ieoaeei
Iaaiiae/

aee?aeoi? Iinoeoooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?aaeiieiai? Oeaio?o
?aoeiaoeieii? iaaeeoeeie

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oe/eiii Aieiaeeie? A?naioieiae/

a.i.n. Iinoeoooo iaaeeoeeie i?aoei AII Oe?a?ie

I?iaiaeia i?aaiicaoeiy : Iaoeiiiaeueiee iaaee/iee oiiaa?neoao ii.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, eaoaae?a iaoioiciieiai?

Caoeno aeena?oaoei? aiaeaoaeaoueny “ 15 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i “13-00”
aiaeeii ia

caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26. 554. 01. i?e Iinoeoooi
iaaeeoeeie i?aoei IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith : 252033, Ee?a-033, aoe.
Naenaaainueeiai, 75.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a aiaeiioaoei Iinoeoooo
iaaeeoeeie i?aoei.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee “ 12 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe A.I.Eiaaeueiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie.

?ioaineo?eaoe?y oaiio aeeooy ? cieaeaiiy ??aiy caei?ia?y ethaeeie ?
aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith nueiaiaeaiiy. Oea iio?aao? aai i?aeaeuaiiy aeiia
aei cae?aiinoae niaoe?ae?noa, aai iioei?caoei? i?ioeano eiai aaeaioaoe??
aei ?aaeueieo oiia ae?yeueiino?. Iaeiei c aieiaieo e?i?ooth/eo /eiiee?a,
yeee noi?iaiaeaeo? aoaeue-yeo ae?yeuei?noue, ? iinoa/aiiy eenith. Oiio
iniiaiei iai?yieii iioei?caoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ethaeeie oa
i?aeaeuaiiy eiai i?aoeacaeaoiino? iiaea aooe o?aioaaiiy ?ia?oieea aei
ianoa/? eenith. Aea/aiith iiceoeaiiai aieeao ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie
a??nueeiai ee?iaoo ?c cieaeaiei ia?oe?aeueiei oeneii eenith aoei
i?enay/aii aaeeeo e?euee?noue iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ( Ne?ioeiei I.I.,
1939-1974; Aaaaeaeaiyi I.A., 1974-1989; Eie/eineay A.C., 1960-1991;
Aa?acianeee A.A., 1969-1996; Aa?aaoiaa C.E., 1969, 1973; Ie??aoeiia
I.I., 1974, 1984; Aa?iooaei A.Ae., 1967, 1979; Aeaea?aeeaa A.A. n
niaao., 1980, 1988; Aai Ee? Y., Noeeiae E., 1967; Berlin N.I., 1955;
Sadowski B., 1970; Isbister J.P., 1988; Takahashi F., 1996 oa aaaaoi
?ioeo ).

Oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai aieeao ia i?aai?ci
ethaeeie oaeoi??a a??nueeiai ee?iaoo — iaoiaeo i?ioa?ai??, iaiaaeaia
iaaee/ieie i?ioeiieacaiiyie, cia/ieie aeo?aoaie eioo?a oa /ano,
ineoieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie ethaeeie, ciaoiaeaeaiiyi a?eueoi?
e?eueeino? a??nueeeo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a ca iaaeaie
Oe?a?ie. Ia?ae?/ai? aeua /eiieee oa iaaeinoaoi? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
e?oa?aoo?? ieoaiiy i?i iiceoeaiee aieea ia i?aai?ci caei?iai? ethaeeie
aeiciaaii? ia??iaee/ii? ii?iiaa??/ii? a?iien?? noaee oai?aoe/ieie oa
i?aeoe/ieie canaaeaie aeey i?iaaaeaiiy oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Neiae
iaiiaeoenue, ui oa?iii “i?aoeacaeaoiinoue” ? ianoieueee ia??iiei oa
aaaaoiai/iei, ui aenaioeaiiy eiai a oeieiio ia iiaeeeai. Oiio a oeie
?iaioi ?icaeyoooi oieueea aeayei aniaeoe oice/ii? oa ?icoiiai?
i?aoeacaeaoiinoi.

Iaoa ?iaioe.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao ia??iaee/iiai aaeeoaiiy iia?o?y c? cieaeaiei
ia?oe?aeueiei oeneii eenith ( ooo/iiai a??nueeiai iia?o?y — OAI ) ia
?icoiiao oa oice/io i?aoeacaeaoiinoue ethaeeie.

Caaea/i ?iaioe.

1. Aeine?aeeoe aieea eo?no o?aioaaiiy OAI ia ?icoiiao i?aoeacaeaoi?noue
/ieia?e?a a?eii 19-21 ?ie?a oa ?o ineoi-aiioe?eiee noai.

2. Aeine?aeeoe aieea eo?no o?aioaaiiy OAI ia oice/io i?aoeacaeaoiinoue.

3. Aea/eoe aieea naain?a o?aioaaiiy aei OAI ia ??aaiue niiaoe/iiai
caei?ia?y aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo.

4. Aecia/eoe o?eaae?noue i?neyae?? naain?a o?aioaaiiy aei OAI.

5. Aecia/eoe iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiai? noaie o?aioaaiiy aei
a?iien?/ieo oiia c aeei?enoaiiyi i?aeo?eioth/eo nain?a — nonoaiaeueiiai
iaoiaea ( sustenulum (eao.) — i?aeo?eiea ).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe.

Ii?aoeueiaaii iiaee ia?niaeoeaiee iaiaaeeeaiaioiciee iaoiae i?aeaeuaiiy
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ethaeeie oa i?io?eaeoeee ianiaoeeoi/ieo caoai?thaaiue
aa?oiio aeeoaeueieo oeyoia.

Nooo?ai aeiiiaiaii aiaeiiinoi i?i aieea ii?iiaa??/ii? a?iien?? ia
i?aai?ci i?aeoe/ii caei?iai? ethaeeie.

Cai?iiiiiaaii oa iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy nonoaiaeueiiai iaoiaea
o?aioaaiiy aei a?iien?? a oiiaao OAI.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaeathoue iiaeeea?noue io?eiaoe oyaeaiiy
i?i aieea ii?iiaa?e/ieo a?iiene/ieo o?aioaaiue ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aai?cia i?aeoe/ii caei?iai? ethaeeie.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe nooo?ai aeiiiaiththoue aiae?ea/anoi eioa?aoo?ii
aeai? i?i canoinoaaiiy a?iiene/ieo o?aioaaiue c iaoith iie?auaiiy
?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ooieoeiiioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeii? nenoaie,
?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueii? nenoaie ethaeeie, ??
ineoi-aiioe?eiiai noaio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

Iieacaia ia?niaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy naain?a o?aioaaiiy OAI c iaoith
iie?auaiiy ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ooieoeiiioaaiiy
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? oa ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueii? nenoai
i?aaiicio ethaeeie.

Ai?iaiaaii oa cai?iiiiiaaii aei aeei?enoaiiy iiaee iaoiae
iaiaaeeeaiaioicii? i?io?eaeoeee ianiaoeeo?/ieo caoai?thaaiue aa?oiio
aeeoaeueieo oeyoia ca aeiiiiiaith ia??iaee/iiai aaeeoaiiy ii?iiaa?e/ii?
a?iiene/ii? aaciai? noi?o?.

?ic?iaeaia, ai?iaiaaia oa cai?iiiiiaaia nonoaiaeueia iaoiaeeea
o?aioaaiiy a oiiaao ooo/iiai a??nueeiai iia?o?y.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. O?aioaaiiy ooo/iei a??nueeei iia?o?yi ni?ey? iie?ioaiith ?icoiiai?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa naiiii/oooy, cieaeaiith ??aiy o?eaiaeiino? ethaeeie.

2. O?aioaaiiy ooo/iei a??nueeei iia?o?yi ni?ey? iioei?caoe??
ooieoeiiioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa ?? ?aaeoe?? ia o?ce/ia
iaaaioaaeaiiy, a oaeiae iiaeaeuaiith ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueii?
nenoaie i?aaiicio.

3. I?iaaaeaiiy eo?no o?aioaaiue ooo/iei a??nueeei iia?o?yi o
a?enueeiaeo eo?naio?a ?noioii ciaioo? e?euee?noue aei?a i?aoeaao?ao c
i?eaiaeo caoai?thaaiue.

4. Nonoaiaeueia iaoiaeeea o?aioaaiue ooo/iei a??nueeei iia?o?yi ?
a?eueo aoaeoeaiith aeey iie?auaiiy ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio ethaeeie o
ii?iaiyiii ic cae/aeiith iaoiaeeeith.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 9 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, a oiio /ene? 7
noaoae.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ae?oaiio c??cae? Oiaa?enoaa
ineoieia?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1996 ); Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey” ( Ee?a,
1996 );. Ia?oiio I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? c aa?aoe?eii? oa eini?/ii?
iaaeeoeeie “Oe?a?ia-?in?y-AGARD/NATO” ( ??i?iue, 1997 );
Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e
iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey”, niaoe. caniaeaiiy (Ee?a, 1996);.
Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai
cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey”(Ee?a, 1997 ); C??cae?
Oe?a?inueeiai oiaa?enoaa o?c?ieia?a (Ee?a, 1997 ); VIII i?aeia?iaeiiio
neiiiceoi? “Yeieiai-oeceieiae/aneea i?iaeaiu aaeaioaoeee” (Iineaa, 1998
).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iieno
ia??eoa oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaae iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaiai?aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a oa nienea e?oa?aoo?e.
Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 145 noi??ioei ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo ?c
canoinoaaiiyi 39 oaaeeoeue oa 19 ?enoieia. A?ae?ia?ao?y aeeth/a? 185
iacae ?ia?o a?o/eciyieo oa 48 caei?aeiiieo aaoi??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia??eo oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia??eoii aeine?aeaeaiue aoee 130 caei?iaeo aai i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo
eo?naio?a Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo A?enueeiai-iia?o?yieo nee a?eii 19 — 21
?ie?a. 45 c ieo neeaaeaee a?oio eiio?iey ( AE ). ?io? 85 eo?naio?a —
iieoio a?oio, yea i?ney ae?oaiai aoaia aoea iiae?eai? ia aea? i?aea?oie
— a?oio eiio?iey o?eaaeino? caa?aaeaiiy aoaeoa ( AAeA ), oa a?oio, ui
i?ioiaeeea o?aioaaiiy ca nonoaiaeueiith iaoiaeeeith ( AIN ).

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iiae?eai? ia aea? /anoeie : ia?oa — aeey
aea/aiiy oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi oa ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueii?
nenoai, i?aoeacaeaoiino? ia?aiai-i?yciaiai aia?aoa einoi ( IIAE ), oa
ae?oaa — aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ?
ineoi-aiioe?eiiai noaio eo?naio?a.

Ooieoeiiioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie a oiiaao oice/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith i?iae noai-oanoa ( Aoeee
E.A., 1979 ), a i?i ??aaiue oice/ii? o?aiiaaiinoi noaeeee ii ?aaeoe??
aaiiaeeiai?/ieo iieaciee?a ia noaiaea?oia o?ce/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy (
noai-oano ) oa nooi?iue ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy aei ii/aoeiaeo cia/aiue ca
e?i?oiaaiee /an a?aeii/eieo — 3 oaeeeie. Aeey eiio?iey ?iaioe
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ?a?no?oaaee oa aiae?coaaee oae?
aaiiaeeiai?/i? iieacieee, ye : /anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue (*NN),
a?oa??aeueiee oene nenoie?/iee (NAAe), ae?anoie?/iee (AeAAe) oa
ioeueniaee (IAAe), oaea?iee (OI) oa oaeeeiiee (OI) ia??ie na?oey. An?
oe? iieacieee ?a?no?oaaee aei i?iaaaeaiiy noai-oanoa (e), a?ae?aco i?ney
iueiai (o) oa /a?ac 3 oaeeeie a?aeii/eieo (i). E??i oiai, aecia/aee
aaaaoaoeaiee ?iaeaen ( AI) oa iieaciee ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? —
?iaeaen noai-oanoa ( INO ). I?aoeacaeaoiinoue IIAE aeine?aeaeoaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith oai?ia-oanoa ( Eeueei A.I., 1972 ). I?e oeueiio
iiae?aoiaoaaee caaaeueio e?euee?noue ?aaeoeie, c?iaeaieo eo?naioii ca
30n ?iaioe.

?aca?aii iiaeeeainoi aeeoaeueii? nenoaie aeine?aeaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
i?ia ?c cao?eieith aeeoaiiy i?ney oi?ne?iaaiiai aaeeoo ( i?iaa Ooaiaa)
oa aeaeioo ( i?iaa Aai/a ). Ii iaii i?iaai aecia/aee caaaeueiee /an
cao?eiee aeeoaiiy ( CCAe ) oa /an cao?eiee aeeoaiiy aac aieueiaiai
eiiiiiaioo ( CAe AAE ).

Noa??eoeaia naiiii/oooy aeine?aeaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee NAI (
Aeineei A.A. n niaao., 1973 ). ??aaiue iniaenoi? ( IO ) oa ?aaeoeaii? (
?O ) o?eaiaeiino? aecia/aee ca iaoiaeeeith Ni?eaa?aa?a-Oai?ia ( Ee?oaaa
I.A., ?ya/eeiaa I.A., 1995 ). Ineoio?c?ieia?/io ooieoe?th oaaae
aeine?aeaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith “Ei?aeoo?ii? i?iae” iiaeeo?eaoe??
Aio?iiaa, i?inoi?iao i???ioaoe?th — ca iaoiaeeeith “Eiiiane”, iai?youe —
ca iaoiaeeeith “Iia?aoeaia iai?youe”, ieneaiiy — ca iaoiaeeeith
“Iaoaiaoe/ia ?aooaaiiy” (ani -Iaea?aiei I.A., 1987 ). Ia i?eeaae?
III-3-01 aeine?aeaeoaaee nainiiioi?io ?aaeoeaiinoue ?iciiai nooiaith
neeaaeiinoi c aecia/aiiyi eaoaioieo ia?iiaeia i?inoi? ( EI ICI? ) oa
neeaaeii? ( EI NCI? ) ci?iai-iioi?ii? ?aaeoe??, iieaciee oni?oiino?
?iaioe ia oeueiio i?eeaae? ( IO? )( Iaea?aiei I.A., 1984, 1991 ). E?ii
oiai, aecia/aee ooieoeiiiaeueio ?ooeea?noue ia?aiaeo i?ioean?a ( O?II )
( Iniiau i?ioanneiiaeueiiaii ineoioeceieiae/aneiai ioai?a aiaiiuo
niaoeeaeenoia, 1981 ), ?ooiai-oi/iinoii ?aaeoei? aeine?aeaeoaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith eiii?thoa?iiai aa?iaioo iaoiaeeee “?aaeoe?y ia ?ooiiee
ia??eo” ( ?AeI ). Ia eiaeiiio aoai? ?iaioe ie aeine?aeaeoaaee
e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ( A?) oa eiioeaio?aoe?th aaiiaeia?ia ( AA ) a
ia?eoa??/i?e e?ia?.

Ca aeaieie iaaee/ieo eieaeie, aeo?iaeo ?a?no?aoe?? caa?iaiue ca
iaaee/iith aeiiiiiaith i?iaiaeeany aiae?c e?eueeino? aei?a i?iioneo
caiyoue ca i?e/eiith caoai?thaaiue. I?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaeo
i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaioe ?a?no?oaaee aeaaeai?/io oni?oi?noue iaa/aiiy
eo?naio?a, ui i?eeiaee o/anoue o aeine?aeaeaii?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a aeuaia?ae?/aiiio ianyc? a 6 aoai?a : I —
aeine?aeaeaiiy ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy; II — a?ae?aco i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy o
eo?naio?a AI eo?na naain?a aeeoaiiy OAI; III, IV, V oa VI — a?aeiia?aeii
/a?ac 3,6,9 oa 12 i?nyoe?a i?ney II aoaio.

Iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy naain?a o?aioaaiiy aeeoaiiyi OAI.

O a?aeae?e? ee?i?/ii? iaoio?c?ieia?? ?inoeoooo o?c?ieia?? ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IAI Oe?a?ie noai?aii i?eeaae “Ai?ae”, yeee aeicaiey?
iiaeaethaaoe iniiaiee o?c?ieia?/ii cia/ouee /eiiee a??nueeiai ee?iaoo —
iiieaeaiee ia?oe?aeueiee oene eenith a iia?o?? c ii?iaeueiei
aa?iiao?e/iei oeneii ( Aa?acianueeee A.ss., 1988; Eaaaoia I.E., Oanaaiaa
E.A., 1992 ). Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy naain?a o?aioaaiiy iaie aoa aeei?enoaiee
i?eeaae “Ai?ae-2”. ?iaioa i?eeaaea aaco?oueny ia canoinoaaii?
iieaeoey?ieo naeaeoeaieo iaia?ai, yei aeicaiethyoue iiaeieyoe iiaio?yiee
iioie ia neeaaeiai /anoeie aacia oa ciiooaaoe oei aace o iaiaoiaeiie
i?iii?oei? aeey io?eiaiiy aiiiene/ii? noiioi. Eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith a
iia?o?? ui aaeeoaeinue noaiiaeea 10-11%.

Aieiaa aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?ici?uaeanue i?ae i?ici?ei eieieieii. Ia?oee
oanooth/ee naain aeeoaiiy OAI i?iaiaeeany c iaoith aecia/aiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? /ooeeaino? aei a?iien??, iiaeeeaino? i?iaaaeaiiy
o?aioaaiue ? o?eaaa 7-8 oaeeei. Ne?aeoth/? naaine o?eaaee 15 oaeeei
aacia?a?aiiai aeeoaiiy. Naaine i?ioiaeeee uiaeaiii e??i aeo?aeieo oa
nayoeiaeo aei?a. Iaeei eo?n aeeoaiiy OAI neeaaeaany c 10 naain?a. Ia III
aoai? eo?naioe AIN i?ioiaeeee 15-oaeeeiiee naain iaeei ?ac ia oeaeaeaiue
i?ioyaii anueiai aoaio ( o?e i?nyoe?).

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaeyee c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoo i?eeeaaeieo
i?ia?ai “Statgraphics” ia IAII. Noaoenoe/ia ae?ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae
?acoeueoao?a eo?naio?a AI ( AIN oa AAeA ) a?ae ?o ii/aoeiaeo oa
?acoeueoao?a eo?naio?a AE ioe?ithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith e??oa??y
No?thaeaioa ( t ).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

1. Aoaeo o?aioaaiiy eo?naio?a ca aeiiiiiaith aeeoaiiy OAI.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e aieea OAI ia ?iaaiue oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi iieiaeeo
/ieiaieia anoaiiaeee, ui aeaioeaeiaaa ?ioa?aaeueia o?aioaaiiy a oiiaao
ianoa/? eenith iiceoeaii aieeaa? i?aeoe/ii ia an? aaiiaeeiai?/i?
iieacieee. Ia II aoai? ?iaioe niinoa??aaeinue cia/ia iie?auaiiy
iieaciee?a *NN, NAAe, IAAe, OI oa II ye o ii??aiyii? c ii/aoeiaeie
?acoeueoaoaie eo?naio?a AI, oae ? ?acoeueoaoaie eo?naio?a AE. Iniaeeai
iii?oi? ci?ie a?aei?/aeenue ii aeuaia?ae?/aiei iieacieeai a?ae?aco i?ney
i?iaaaeaiiy noai-oanoo oa /a?ac 3 oaeeeie iaaeaiiai a?aeii/eieo.
Iie?auaiiy iieyaaei a oii, ui o?ce/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy a iaiueoiio nooiaii
aieeaaei ia ciiie aaiiaeeiai?/ieo iieacieeia eo?naio?a AI, i?ae o
eo?naio?a AE. I?ney a?aeii/eieo oei iieacieee a AI iaee cia/aiiy aeeae/?
aei ii/aoeiaeo, /ei a AE. E??i oiai, a AI ca?eueoeany — INO c
62,3±0,6iae aei 76,3±0,5iae ( ?<0,001 ). Oea aeicaieeei eo?naioai AI iie?aueoe ioe?ieo ??aiy oice/ii? o?aiiaaiinoi c “ieae/a na?aaeiueiai” aei “na?aaeiueiai”. Iiceoeaiee aieea i?iaaaeaiiai o?aioaaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeany ? i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueii? nenoaie. O eo?naio?a AI a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?iae oa iieacieea ci?ie nyaaee 36,3 - 74,6% c a??ia?aei?noth ??cieoe? c ?acoeueoaoaie eo?naio?a AE ?<0,05. Iaea?aeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ca?eueoaiiy o eo?naio?a AI iieacieea CCAe a iaio i?iaao a?aeaoaaeinue ia no?eueee ca ?aooiie o?aioaaiiy aie?, ye ca ?aooiie o?aioaaiiy aeeoaeueiiai oeaio?a iiceo. O eo?naio?a AI oaeiae aeyaeai? aeinoia??i? ii a?aeiioaiith aei eo?naio?a AE (?<0,05 ) ci?ie i?aoeacaeaoiinoi IIAE c iie?auaiiyi ia 39,0%. Aiae?coth/e ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoi-aiioe?eiiai noaio eo?naio?a AI ia II aoai? iaie aoei aeyaeaii eiai iie?auaiiy. I?i oea na?ae/eei ye i?aeaeuaiiy naiiii/oooy ii iaoiaeeoe? NAI : caaaeueia ioe?iea aeinyaea 5,35±0,17aaea, a a AE - aiia neeaea 4,25±0,30aaea ( ?<0,001 ); oae ? ciaioaiiy ?O aei 31,7±1,4aaea - a AE 38,8±2,0aaea ( ?<0,05 ). Iieaciee EO a AI ia II aoai? aoa aeaui iaioei, /ei a AE, aea ia iaa noaoenoe/ii? a??ia?aeiino? ??cieoe? c ieie ( ?>0,05 ).

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a
eo?naio?a i?aeoaa?aeeee iayai?noue cia/iiai aieeao naain?a o?aioaaiiy
aeeoaiiyi OAI a AI. I?i oea na?ae/eoue i?aeaeuaiiy e?eueeino?
ia?iaeaiiai noeioeueiiai iaoa??aeo (i?iaeoeoeaiino? — I?I ) ia
28,6-76,3%, oa ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? aeiiouaieo iiieeie (III ) ii anii
iaoiaeeeai a 2,5 — 2,8 ?ac?a. Ca iaoiaeeeith “Iaoaiaoe/ia ?aooaaiiy”
i?aeaeuaiiy I?I ia niinoa??aaeinue, aea iieaciee III a ii i?e o
eo?naio?a AI aoa a 1,7 ?aca iaioee /ei a AE ( ?<0,01 ). I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aieeao eo?na aeeoaiiy OAI ia naini-iioi?io ?aaeoeaiinoue iaie aoei aeyaeaii, ui a AI ciaioeany ye EI ICI?, oae ? EI NCI? - ia 14,7- 28,1% ? a??ia?aeii ( ?<0,05 ) a?ae??ciyeinue a?ae ?acoeueoao?a AI I aoaio oa ?acoeueoao?a AE. Iieaciee O?II a AI oaeiae iie?aueany ? o ii??aiyii? c 194,4±1,9neai a AE neeaaeaa 223,7±1,5neai ( ?<0,05 ), a IO? - 22,0±0,7iae oa 33,5±0,6iae ( ?<0,001 ) a?aeiia?aeii. A AI i?ae aieeaii i?iaaaeaiiai a?iien?/iiai o?aioaaiiy a?aei?/a?oueny iiceoeaia aeeiaiiea ?ooiai-oi/iinoii? ?aaeoei? - iaioee noia?iee i?iiao ii iiaeoeth ia 29,9%, a?eueoa e?euee?noue a?aeiinii? /anoioe oi/ieo ?aaeoe?e - a 1,6 ?aca, iiae a AE. Aea i?e noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? oea iie?auaiiy aeyaeeinue ia a??ia?aeiei ( ?>0,05 ).

Oaeei aea ia a??ia?aeiei ia II aoai? aeyaeeanue ??cieoey i?ae AI oa AE
ii e?eueeino? A? a ia?eoa??/i?e e?ia?, a ??cieoey i?ae ieie ii AA
-145,8+0,21a/e oa 134,6±0,25a/e iaea cia/ei?noue ?<0,001. Eieueeinoue aeiia i?aoeaao?ao ia 1 ethaeeio ciaioeeanue a AI a 1,9 ?aca. 2. O?eaae?noue caa?aaeaiiy aoaeoa i?ney naain?a aeeoaiiy OAI. Ii aeaiei e?oa?aoo?e aoaeo a?ae o?aioaaiue ethaeeie aei ianoa/? eenith iiaea oo?eioaaoenue ia oa?i?i a?ae 2 oeaei?a aei 1-1,5 ?ie?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia i?iaaaeaiiy oeueiai o?aioaaiiy oa aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iieacieea. Ia oea aeacothoue a nai?o ?iaioao aaaaoi aeine?aeiee?a ( Aieei A.O., Ia?oeiia A.I., 1962; Aai Ee? Y., Noeeiae E., 1967; Aa?acianeee A.A., 1978, 1984; Aaaaeaeaiyi I.A., 1979 oa ?io? ). Oiio i?ney aeiaaaeaiiy iayaiino? aoaeoa a?ae eo?no o?aioaaiiy aeeoaiiy OAI i?e?iaeiuei iinoaaaei caaaeaiiy aeine?aeeoe o?eaae?noue caa?aaeaiiy io?eiaiiai aoaeoo iie?auaiiy iieaciee?a ooieoeiiioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? neoaie, ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueii? nenoaie oa ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ethaeeie. Aea/ath/e aeeiai?eo ooieoeiiioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie anoaiiaeee, ui a?eueoa ?o e?euee?noue a AAeA ( e??i *NNe, NAAe, OIi, IIi oa ENO ) caa??aathoue a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiino? a?ae AE i?ioyaii ia iaioa 6 i?nyoe?a. Iieacieee ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueii? nenoaie a AAeA iathoue oaeo ae naio aeeiai?eo ci?i, ye ? aaiiaeeiai?/i? iieacieee. Ia III oa IV aoaiao ??cieoey i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie a?oiaie oi/a ? ciaioo?oueny, aea caeeoa?oueny a??ia?aeiith. Ia V aoai? ??cieoey caa??aa?oueny ii CAe AAE i?iae Ooaiaa 39,3±1,2n a AAeA oa 34,5±1,6n a AE (?<0,05 ) oa ii CCAe i?iae Aai/a - 47,5±1,4n oa 41,7±1,4n a?aeiia?aeii ( ?<0,05 ). Aeineoue iiaieueia aeeiai?ea niinoa??aaeanue i?e aeine?aeaeaii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi IIAE, eiee iaaioue ia V aoai? aiaeii/a?oueny a??ia?aei?noue ??cieoe? c ?acoeueoaoii eo?naio?a AE (?<0,05). Niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ci?iith ii aoaiai ineoi-aiioe?eiiai noaio aeineiaeaeoaaieo aeyaeei aeineoue oaeaeeo ?o ?aa?an?th. Aaea ia IV aoai? ii iaoiaeeoe? NAI a??ia?aeii e?auee aoaeo caeeoa?oueny o?eueee ii “Naiiii/oooth” - 4,82±0,19aaea ( a AE - 4,00±0,21aaee; ?<0,01 ). Iieacieee o?eaiaeiino? a oe?e a?oi? ii/eiath/e c IV aoaia ia iathoue noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? c AE. Niinoa??aath/e ca ci?iaie ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a a AAeA anoaiiaeee, ui aoaeo ?o iie?auaiiy caa??aa?oueny aeineoue o?eaaeee ia??iae. Ia III aoai? ?iaioe i?aeoe/ii ii an?o iaoiaeeeao eo?naioe AAeA iathoue a??ia?aei? a?aei?ie a?ae AE. Ia IV aoai? oaeo a??ia?aei?noue ao?a/a? oaeaeeinoue ia?a?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??, a ia V aoai? - ?iaaiue eiioeaio?aoe?? oaaae “Ei?aeoo?ii? i?iae”. Ia oeueiio ae aoai? a AAeA ao?a/a?oueny ??cieoey c AE ii I?I oa III ii iia?aoeaiie iai?yoi. Ia VI aoai? ii a?eueoino? iieaciee?a oaaae, ieneaiiy oa i?inoi?iai? i?i?ioaoei? ??cieoey i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie a?oiaie caa??aa?oueny, ia caaaeath/e ia oa, ui a AAeA ao?a/a?oueny a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiino? ii I?I oaaae oa ieneaiiy oa III i?inoi?iai? i?i?ioaoei?. Aeaui a??oo aeeiai?eo niinoa??aaee ie i?e aeine?aeaeaii? oni?oiino? ?iaioe eo?naio?a ii ia?a?iaoei iioi?iaoei? ?iciiai nooiaiy neeaaeiinoi, ui aecia/aeinue ia i?eeaae? III-3-01. Aaea ia III aoai? iia??oo?oueny iieaciee /ano ia?iaee 120 neaiae?a, a ia IV aoai? - EI NCI? c aeai?ii aeaio neaiae?a c o?ueio. Ia V aoai? c i?i?iaeueiith a??ia?aei?noth ?<0,05 AAeA a?ae??ciy?oueny o?eueee ii EI ICI? - 226,3±2,8in, a?ae AE - 261,2±2,6in oa ii i?i?iaeuei?e aeniiceoe?? i?e aeine?aeaeaii? IO? - 1,68±0,05iae oa 1,87±0,04iae a?aeiia?aeii ( ?<0,05 ). Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia VI aoai? iieacaee, ui a?oie eo?naio?a ia iathoue i?ae niaith ?icieoei i? ii iaeiiio c iieaciee?a ?iaioe ia i?eeaae? III-3-01. A??ia?aeia a?aei?ii?noue a?oi ii iieacieeo AA o?eaa? i?ioyaii III oa IV aoai?a niinoa?aaeaiiy. Ii/eiath/e c V aoaia a?aei?ii?noue eo?naio?a AAeA a?ae AE noaoenoe/ii ia i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee i?aoeaao?ao ii caoai?thaaiiyi aeyaeee, ui noaoenoe/ii i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ??cieoey i?ae eo?naioaie AAeA oa AE aei V aoaia. ?o iieacieee ia 12 iinyoei niinoa?aaeaiiy noaoenoe/ii ia a?ae??ciythoueny. 3. Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy nonoaiaeueii? iaoiaeeee aeeoaiiy OAI Iaeia c caaaeaiue oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aecia/aiiy aeioe?eueiino? aeei?enoaiiy iiai? noaie o?aioaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith OAI ?c canoinoaaiiyi nonoaiaeueieo naain?a. Aein?aeaeaiiy aieeao nonoaiaeueieo naain?a ia iieacieee ooieoeiiioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ethaeeie aecia/eei, ui aoaeoeai?noue ?o canoinoaaiiy caa??aa?oueny cia/ii a?eueoee /an, /ei a AAeA. Oa?i?i, ia yeee a?ae??ciyeanue AIN, aoa ??ciee : a caeaaeiino? a?ae iieacieea - a?ae 3 i?nyoe?a ii *NNo, *NNi, NAAeo, NAAei, IAAee, OIo ? IIe aei 6 i?nyoe?a ii IIo ? IIi. A ii ENO ??cieoey caa?aaeaiiy aeinyaiooiai aoaeoa i?ae AIN oa AAe? neeaea 9 i?nyoe?a - a??ia?aeia ??cieoey a?ae AE niinoa??aaeanue a AAeA ii INO ainoaii? ia III aoai?, a a AIN ?acoeueoao 66,2±0,6iae ia VI aoai? a?ae??ciyany ye a?ae 64,3±0,5iae a AE ( ?<0,05 ), oae ? a?ae 62,1±0,5iae a AAeA ( ?<0,01 ). ?aca?aii iiaeeeainoi aeeoaeueii? nenoaie a AIN, ye ? a AAeA, caa??aathoue ??cieoeth c AE aei 6 iinyoey aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aea ?o ?aa?an?y iano?eueee a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae AAeA, ui ii/eiath/e c III ? aei V aoaia ?acoeueoaoe a AIN iathoue a??ia?aeio ??cieoeth c AAeA (?<0,05). Ia V aoai? AIN caa??aa? ??cieoeth c AE ii an?i iieacieeai ( AAeA - o?eueee ii CCAe i?iae Aai/a oa CAe AAE i?iae Ooaiaa ), a ia VI aoai? - ii CAe AAE ( AAeA ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae AE ). Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiinoi IIAE iieacaei iayai?noue ??cieoe? i?ae noaiaie o?aioaaiiy. AIN ia? ia 6 i?nyoe?a a?eueoo o?eaae?noue iie?auaiiy aoaeoa, /ei AAeA. Ineoi-aiioe?eiee noai a AIN, o ii??aiyii? c AAeA, aeyaea cia/i? a?aei?ie ye ii iaoiaeeoe? NAI - ii “Iano??e” ia 3 i?nyoe?, ii caaaeuei?e ioe?ioe? - ia 6 i?nyoe?a; oae ? ii iaoiaeeoe? Ni?eaa?aa?a-Oai?ia - a??ia?aeia ??cieoey ?O a AIN a?ae AE oa AAeA a?aei?/a?oueny ua i?ioyaii 6 - 12 iinyoeia niinoa?aaeaiiy. Iayai?noue aeineoue o?eaaeiai caa?aaeaiiy aeinyaiooiai aoaeoa iie?auaiiy iieaciee?a ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e a AAeA aeaui oneeaaeithaaea ii??aiyiiy canoiniaaieo noai o?aioaaiiy. Aea ii/eiath/e aaea c III aoaia c'yaeeenue noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aei? a?aei?iiino? AIN a?ae AAeA, oi/a ia?aeaeueii a AAeA caa??aa?oueny ??cieoey c AE. Ia IV aoai? a AIN i?aeoe/ii an? iieacieee iaee noaoenoe/ii i?aeoaa?aeaeaio a?aei?ii?noue a?ae AAeA oa AE. Ii oaeeo iieacieeao ye III i?e aeineiaeaeoaaiii ieneaiiy oa oaaae, I?I - i?e aeineiaeaeoaaiii i?inoi?iai? i?i?ioaoei? AIN oa AAeA a?ae??ciythoueny ia o?e, a ii I?I ? III iia?aoeaii? iai'yoi, oaeaee?noue ia?a?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ??aaiue eiiaoeaio?aoe?? oaaae ia iaioa /ei ia 6 i?nyoe?a. Niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iieacieeaie naini-iioi?ii? ?aaeoeaiinoi eo?naio?a aecia/eei cia/ii e?au? iieacieee a AIN. Oae, ii iieacieeao EI ICI?, EI NCI?, “/an ia?iaee 120 neaiae?a” ??cieoey i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie eo?naie neeaaeaea 3 i?nyoe?, a ii IO? oa O?II nyaaea iaa?oue 6 i?nyoe?a. ??cieoey i?ae AIN oa AAeA ca eiioeaio?aoei?th aaiiaaeeiaiio oa e?eueeino? aei?a i?iioneo caiyoue ii oai?ia? noaiiaeea ia iaioa 6 i?nyoe?a ? ca ieie AIN a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae AE iaa?oue ia 12 i?nyoe? niinoa?aaeaiiy. IAAIAI?AIIss IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A O?aioaaiy ethaeeie a oiiaao aeiciaaiiai ia??iaee/iiai aeeoaiiy ooo/iei a??nueeei iia?o?yi iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia noai ?o oice/ii? oa ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi. I?i iie?auaiiy ooieoeiiioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie noaeeee ii caaaeueiie iiceoeaiie aeeiai?oei iie?ioaiiy aaiiaeeiai?/ieo iieaciee?a - ciaioaiiy *NN, NAO, IAO, OI oa II, ui aieeioei ia i?aeaeuaiiy ia o?eueee aaniethoiiai cia/aiiy ?NO, a ? caaaeueio ioe?ieo ?iaiy oice/ii? o?aiiaaiinoi : a AI aiia ci?ieeanue c “ieae/a na?aaeiueiai” ia “na?aaei?e”. Caaioa ia naaa oaaao oie oaeo, ui a oe?e a?oi? ia o?euee? ii/aoeia? aaiiaeeiai?/i? iieacieee iaee e?au? a?ae AE cia/aiiy. I?ae aieeaii o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy noai-oanoa a AI iieacieee iaee iaio? ci?ie ? oaeaeoa i?eeiaee ii/aoeia? cia/aiiy i?ney a?aeii/eieo. I?i cia/ia iie?auaiiy ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio i?aaiicio ethaeeie na?ae/eoue ? ca?eueoaiiy ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueii? nenoaie a AI. I?e oeueiio niinoa??aa?oueny ci?ia ye CCAe oae ? CAe AAE, ui na?ae/eoue i?i o?aioaaiiy ? aieueiaiai eiiiiiaioo ? aeeoaeueiiai oeaio?o iiceo. Ca?eueoaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? IIAE eeoa i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iiceoeaiee aieea i?iaaaeaiiai o?aioaaiiy. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiai o?aioaaiiy niinoa??aaeanue ? iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea ineoi-aiioe?eiiai noaio eo?naio?a ?c iie?auaiiyi naiiii/oooy oa ciaioaiiyi IO oa ?O. Ii an?o ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo iieacieeao a AI niinoa??aa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy I?I oa ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? III, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iie?auaiiy ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ia?iaeaiiai ca iaeeieoeth /ano iaoa??aeo oa iie?ioaiiy yeino? aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiiy. ?iaioa ia i?eeaae? III-3-01 iieacaea, ui a AI, e??i oiai, noaea e?aua naini-iioii?ia ?aaeoeaiinoue oa ooieoe?iiaeueia ?ooeea?noue ia?aiaeo i?ioean?a. An? oe? iiceoeai? ci?ie, ia iaoo aeoieo, a?aeaoeeny ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy aaneoey??caoe?? aieiaiiai iiceo, i?yc?a ( a oiio /ene? ? i?iea?aea ) ? ?ioeo oeaiei i?aai?cio, i?aeaeuaiiy iai?oaeaiiy eenith a oeeo oeaieiao, ia ui aeaco? aaeeea e?euee?noue aeaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. E??i oiai, ca?eueoo?oueny ? eeniaaa ?ie?noue e?ia?, ia ui aeacothoue io?eiai? iaie aeai? i?i ca?eueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? aaiiaeia?io o ia?eoa??/i?e e?ia?. Ia?ae?/ai? ci?ie ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith ?acenoaioiino? oa ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio, ui a naith /a?ao i?ecaaei aei ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? aei?a i?iionea caiyoue ii i?e/ei? caoai?thaaiue a AI. Caa??aaiiy aenieeo iieaciee?a noaio ineoioiciieiai/ieo ooieoeie i?aaiicio ethaeeie eo?naio?a o?eaa? ia iaioa 3-o i?nyoe?a. Ii a?eueoino? iieaciee?a ooieoeiiioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie na?aaei?e oa?i?i caa?aaeaiiy io?eiaiiai aoaeoo noaiiaeoue 5-6 i?nyoe?a. Iieacieee ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino? caa??aathoue aeinyaioo? aenie? ?acoeueoaoe cia/ii aeiaoa - a na?aaeiueiio 8-9 i?nyoe?a Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiy o?aioaaiue aeeoaiiyi OAI a nonoaiaeueiiio ?aaeei? iieacaa, ui i?e oaeiio ?aaeei? aeineiaeaeoaaii ineoioiciieiai/ii iieacieee caa??aathoue aoaeo iie?auaiiy cia/ii aeiaoa, /ei i?e o?aioaaii? ii cae/aei?e noai?. ??cieoey i?ae eo?naioaie AAeA oa AIN ii a?eueoino? iieaciee?a noaiiaeea ia iaioa 6 i?nyoe?a, a ii ?NO oa ?O aiia aeinyaea iaa?oue 9 i?nyoe?a. E??i oiai, e?eaa ?aa?an?? ineoioiciieiai/ieo iieaciee?a o a AIN aoea iia?euei?oith, /ei a AAeA, a ii aaaaoueio iieacieeao ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino? iaa?oue i?ney 9 i?nyoe?a i?ney nonoaiaeueieo naain?a ??cieoey AIN c AAeA oa AE aoea a??ia?aeiith ( ?<0,05 ). Ia iaoo aeoieo, oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui i?e iia?e noai? i?ioiaeaeaiiy o?aioaaiue a ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoaiao i?aaiecio ethaeeie a?aeaoaathoueny a?eueo cia/i? ci?ie ye?niiai oa e?euee?niiai ieaio. AENIIAEE 1. O?eaaeinoue caa?aaeaiiy aenieeo iieacieeia ?icoiiai? oa oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi iiney cae/aeiiai ?aaeeio o?aioaaiiy neeaaea? ia iaioa 3 iinyoeia iiney /iai ii/eia?oueny iinooiiaa iiaa?iaiiy ?o aei ii/aoeiaeo aaee/ei. 2. Iiney cae/aeiiai eo?no o?aioaaiue aaeeoaiiyi ooo/iiai ai?nueeiai iiaio?y iieacieee oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi iiaa?oathoueny aei ii/aoeiaeo cia/aiue a iniiaiiio ia 5-6-e iinyoeue niinoa?aaeaiiy. 3. Iieacieee ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi oa ineoi-aiioeieiiai noaio aeeacaee aieueo cia/io o?eaaeinoue caa?aaeaiiy aoaeoo i iiney cae/aeiiai ?aaeeio o?aioaaiiy ?aa?anoaaee a iniiaiiio ia 9-e iinyoeue. 4. Ineoioiciieiai/ii ooieoei? - oaaae oa ieneaiiy, io?eiaiee aoaeo caa?iaathoue ia iaiueo 12 iinyoeia. 5. Canoinoaaiiy nonoaiaeueii? iaoiaeeee o?aioaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ooo/iiai ai?nueeiai iiaio?y aeicaiey? iiaeiaooaaoe aoaeo iioeiicaoei? niiaoe/iiai oa ineoioiciieiai/iiai noaio ethaeeie : — iieacieee oice/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi oa ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae aeeoaeueii? nenoaie a a?oii ic nonoaiaeueiei ?aaeeiii o?aioaaiiy caa?iaathoue io?eiaiee aoaeo aeiaoa ia 3-6 iinyoei, /ei a a?oii ic cae/aeiei ?aaeeiii; — iieacieee ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi a a?oii ic nonoaiaeueiei ?aaeeiii o?aioaaiiy caa?iaathoue nai? aeniei ?acoeueoaoe ia 6-9 iinyoeia aeiaoa, /ei a a?oii ic cae/aeiei ?aaeeiii; — iiaeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoei? aaiiaeiaiio a a?oii ic nonoaiaeueiei ?aaeeiii o?aioaaiiy caa?iaa?oueny ia 6 iinyoeia aeiaoa, /ei i?e cae/aeiiio ?aaeeii; 6. A a?oii ui i?ioiaeeea o?aioaaiiy a oiiaao ooo/iiai ai?nueeiai iiaio?y o cae/aeiiio ?aaeeii eieueeinoue aeiia i?aoeaao?ao ii oai?iai ciaioeeanue a 1,5 ?ace, canoinoaaiiy nonoaiaeueiiai ?aaeeio o?aioaaiiy aei aeiieni? aeicaiey? ciaioeoe eieueeinoue aeiia i?aoeaao?ao ii oai?iai a 2,2 ?ace. 7. Noaio o?aioaaiiy a oiiaao oooo/iiai ai?nueeiai iiaio?y ic canoinoaaiiyi nonoaiaeueiiai ?aaeeio iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aei canoinoaaiiy o aienueeiaie, einii/iie, nii?oeaiie oa i?ioieaeoe/iie iaaeeoeeii, a oaeiae o aeiaaeeao iiaeeeaiai aieeao ia i?aaiici ethaeeie ii?aaeath/eo no?aniaaieo oaeoi?ia. IA?AE?E ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aieiao?a I.I., Ei?ieue/oe I.N., Eanueei I.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio eo?naio?a ?inoeoooo a?enueeiai-iia?o?yieo nee. Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a?enueeiai? iaaeeoeeie, Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Oe?. Ai?i.-iaae. aeaaeai??// I?ae ?aae. ae.i.i. Eeioaai/a A.A. -Ee?a, Oe?.a?enuee.-iaae.aeaae. - 1995. - N.153 - 154. 2. Aa?acianueeee A.ss., Aieiao?a I.?., Ei?ieue/oe I.N. Aieea o?aioaaiiy aeeoaiiy ooo/iei a??nueeei iia?o?yi ia o?ce/io oa ?icoiiao i?aoeacaeaoi?noue // I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey. Cai?i. iao/i. o?oaeia/ Iiae ?aae. i?io. A.ss.Aaeiai. -Eeaa: Oe?.aiai.-iaae.aeaae., 1996. - N. 256 - 260. 3. Aa?acianueeee A.ss., Aieiao?a I.?., Ei?ieue/oe I.N., Iaoeia I.A. Aeeoaiiy ooo/iei a??nueeei iia?o?yi ye iaoiae i?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino? aei oiia aieiai? ae?yeueiino?. Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu. //Na. iao/i. o?oaeia Aeaai.aiai.eeeie/.ainieo./. -Eeaa: Ae.aiai.-iaae.oi?aae., 1997. - C. 17-18. 4. Aa?acianueeee A.ss., Aieiao?a I.?., Ei?ieue/oe I.N. . Aieea o?aioaaiiy ooo/iei a??nueeei iia?o?yi ia ?icoiiao i?aoeacaeaoi?noue a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a. Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu. //Na. iao/i. o?oaeia Aeaai.aiai.eeeie/.ainieo./. -Eeaa: Ae.aiai.-iaae.oi?aae., 1997. - C. 18-19. 5. Aieiao?a I.?. I?ioa?ai?y - ye iiaee iaoiae iie?auaiiy ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino? I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey. Na.iao/i.o?oaeia. Niaoe. aui./ Iiae ?aae. i?io. A.ss.Aaeiai. -Eeaa: Oe?.aiai.-iaae.aeaae., 1996. - N. 212 - 215. 6. . Aa?acianeee A.A., Aieiaoaa I.E. Iiaay noaia naainia i?ioa?aiee e iieacaoaee ineoioeceieiae/aneeo ooieoeee eo?naioia/ I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey. Na.iao/i.o?oaeia/ Iiae ?aae. i?io. A.ss.Aaeiai. -Eeaa: Oe?.aiai.-iaae.aeaae., 1997. - C. 545-548. 7. Aieiao?a I.E. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiey naainia aeuoaiey eneonnoaaiiui ai?iui aicaeooii ia naini-iioi?ioth ?aaeoeaiinoue aiaiiuo eo?naioia. I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey. Na.iao/i.o?oaeia/ Iiae ?aae. i?io. A.ss.Aaeiai. -Eeaa: Oe?.aiai.-iaae.aeaae., 1997. - C. 548-550. 8. Aieiao?a I.?. Nonoaiaeueia iaoiaeeea o?aioaaiiy i?aai?cio aei ianoa/? eenith.// I?iaeaiu iaaeeoeeiu. - 1999. - ?1-2. - N.7 - 9. 9. Aieiao?a I.?. Iiaa iaoiaeeea i?ioa?aiaaoe/iiai o?aioaaiiy ethaeeie.// E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. A?a/aaiia aeaei. - 1999. - ?2. - N. 139 - 142. AIIOAOeIss Aieiao?a I.I. I?aoeacaeaoiinoue ethaeeie a oiiaao o?aioaaiiy aeeoaiiyi ooo/iei ai?nueeei iiaio?yi. Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe c niaoeiaeueiinoi 14. 02. 01. aiai?ia, Iinoeooo iaaeeoeeie i?aoei IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998?. Caoeua?oueny ?oeiien aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe, a yeie aeineiaeaeaia aoaeoeaiinoue canoinoaaiiy ia?iiaee/ieo o?aioaaiue a ii?iiaa?e/ieo oiiaao ooo/iiai ai?nueeiai iiaio?y c iaoith iie?auaiiy oice/ii? oa ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi ethaeeie, ?? ineoi-aiioeieiiai noaio i i?ioieaeoeee ianiaoeeoi/ieo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue aa?oiio aeeoaeueieo oeyoia. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?iiaee/ii o?aioaaiiy a oiiaao cieaeaiiai ia?oeiaeueiiai oeneo eenith iie?auothoue oice/io oa ?icoiiao i?aoeacaeaoiinoue ethaeeie. Cai?iiiiiaaiee nonoaiaeueiee( sustenulum( eao.) - iiaeo?eiea) ?aaeei o?aioaaiue aeicaiey? cia/ii iiaeiaooaaoe aoaeo iie?auaiiy. Aaoi?ii aiaei?aoeueiaaiee iiaee ia?niaeoeaiee iaiaaeeeaiaioiciee iaoiae iiaeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiinoi ethaeeie; cai?iiiiiaaii i iaa?oioiaaii i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy iiaiai nonoaiaeueiiai ?aaeeio o?aioaaiue a oiiaao ooo/iiai ai?nueeiai iiaio?y. AIIIOAOeEss Aieiaoaa I.E. ?aaioiniiniaiinoue /aeiaaea a oneiaeyo o?aie?iaee aeuoaieai eneonnoaaiiui ai?iui aicaeooii. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14. 02. 01 - aeaeaia, Einoeooo iaaeeoeeiu o?oaea IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998a. ?oeiienue. ?aaioa i?iaaaeaia n oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey ia?eiaee/aneiai aaeuoaiey aicaeooa n iiieaeaiiui ia?oeeaeueiui aeaaeaieai eenei?iaea(eneonnoaaiiui ai?iui aicaeooa - EAA) ia oinoaaiioth e oece/aneoth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue /aeiaaea. Aeey yoiai ?aoaeenue caaea/e ii?aaeaeaiey aeeyiey o?aie?iaie aaeuoaieai ii?iiaa?e/aneie aeiiene/aneie aaciaie niane ia oinoaaiioth e oece/aneoth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue /aeiaaea, iaaethaeaiey ca aeeeoaeueiinoueth nio?aiaiey yooaeoa io i?iaaaeaiiuo o?aie?iaie, ii?aaeaeaiey yooaeoeaiinoe i?eiaiaiey iiaie(nonoaiaeueiie) noaiu o?ae?iaie n iiaeaea?aeeaathueie naainaie. Enneaaeiaaiea i?iaiaeeeinue a oanoue yoaiia - I-e - ii?aeaeaiea enoiaeiiai o?iaiy eco/aaiuo iieacaoaeae, II-e - iinea noaiaea?oiiai ?aaeeia o?ae?iaee, III-e, IV-e, V-e e VI-e niioaaonoaaiii /a?ac 3, 6, 9 e12 ianyoeaa iinea aoi?iai yoaia, n o/anoeai 130 eo?naioia aiaiiiai aoca - 45 eo?naioao eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu, 42 eo?naioia o?aie?iaaaoeony ii noaiaea?oiie noaia e 43 eo?naioia, i?ioaaeoeo o?aie?iaeo ii nonoaiaeueiie noaia. A oiaea i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiey auei onoaiiaeaii, /oi iinea 10 naainia ii 15 ieioo eaaeaeue aaeuoaiey aaciaie niane, niaea?aeauae 10-11% eenei?iaea o eo?naioia iiuoiie a?oiiu oeo/oeeenue iieacaoaee ?aaiou na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu. A ioaao ia oece/aneoth iaa?oceo noai-oanoa oiaiueoeeanue aaee/eia eciaiaiey ioeuena e a?oa?eaeueiiai aeaaeaiey, eiaeaen noai-oanoa oaaee/eeny n 62,3±0,3aae aei 74.6±0,5aae(?<0,001). Ioia/aii oaaee/aiea a?aiaie caaea?aeee aeuoaiea a i?iaao Ooaiaa e Aai/a ia 36-75%. Ia oiia oeo/oaiey naii/oanoaey e nieaeaiey o?iaiy o?aaiaeiinoe o eo?naioia iiuoiie a?oiiu iaaethaeaaony oeo/oaiea oinoaaiiie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe. I?e yoii, ioia/aii eae oaaee/aiea i?iaeoeoeaiinoe ?aaiou(eiee/anoaa ia?aaioaiiiai noeioeueiiai iaoa?eaea) ii iaoiaeeeai "Ei??aeoo?iay i?iaa", "Eiiianu", "Iia?aoeaiay iaiyoue" ia 29-76%, oae e oiaiueoaiea eiee/anoaa ioeai/iuo ?aoaiee a 2,5-2,8 ?aca. E?iia oiai, ioia/aii aeinoiaa?iia oeo/oaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaeaeiinoe ia?aiuo i?ioeannia e nie?auaiea a?aiaie eaoaioiuo ia?eiaeia c?eoaeueii-iioi?iuo ?aaeoeee. Onoaiiaeaii aeinoiaa?iia oaaee/aiea o eo?naioia iiuoiie a?oiiu .eiee/anoaa y?eo?ioeeoia a ia?eoa?e/aneie e?iae e eiioeaio?aoeee aaiiaeiaeia a ieo. Eiee/anoai aeiae o?oaeiiioa?ue a yoie a?oiia nie?aoeeinue a 1,9 ?aca. Iaaethaeaiey ca aeeeoaeueiinoueth nio?aiaiey iieo/aiiiai yooaeoa oeo/oaiey ?aaioiniiniaiinoe iieacaee, /oi naie aunieee o?iaaiue iie nio?aiytho ia iaiaa 3 ianyoeaa, iinea /aai i?ienoiaeeo iinoaiaiiay ?aa?anney aei enoiaeiuo cia/aiee. Ioia/aii, /oi aieaa aeeeoaeueii nio?aiyaony iieo/aiiue yooaeo oeo/oaiey o iieacaoaeae oinoaaiiie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe - 6-9 ianyoeaa. I?eiaiaiea, ?ac?aaioaiiie a oiaea i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiey, iiaie noaiu o?aie?iaee eo?naioia aaeuoaieai eneonnoaaiiiai ai?iiai aicaeooa - aeiiieieoaeueii 12 naainia iaeei ?ac a iaaeaeth(nonoaiaeueiay noaia), iieacaei a? yooaeoeaiinoue. Ioia/aii oaeeeiaiea n?iea nio?aiaiey i?aeoe/anee anao ?acoeueoaoia ia aunieii o?iaia. I?e yoii, cia/eoaeueii aieaa iioeiaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu ioia/aia a caaeneiinoe io iieacaoaey a n?aaeiai ia 3-6 ianyoeaa aeieueoa, /ai a a?oiia ni noaiaea?oiui ?aaeeiii o?aie?iaee . Ia oiia aieaa aeeeoaeueiiai nio?aiaiey oi?ioaai naii/oanoaey ia 3-6 ianyoeaa e nieaeaiey o?iaiy o?aaiaeiinoe ia 6-12 ianyoeaa aeieueoa, iieacaoaee oinoaaiiie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe a a?oiia n nonoaiaeueiui ?aaeeiii o?aie?iaie nio?aiytho naie aunieea iieacaoaee ia iaiaa /ai ia 6 ianyoeaa aeieueoa, /ai i?e noaiaea?oiii ?aaeeia o?aie?iaee. Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi iiauoaiiay eiioeaio?aoeey aaiiaeiaeia a y?eo?ioeeoao e?iae e iaiueoaa eiee/anoai aeiae o?oaeiiioa?ue ii aieacie o eo?naioia n nonoaiaeueiui ?aaeeiii o?aie?iaee nio?aiyaony ia 6 ianyoeaa aeieueoa ii n?aaiaieth ni noaiaea?oiui ?aaeeiii, e iaaethaeaaony ia 12-i ianyoea enneaaeiaaiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: oinoaaiiay ?aaioiniiniaiinoue, oece/aneay ?aaioiniiniaiinoue, eneonnoaaiiue ai?iue aicaeoo, nonoaiaeueiue ?aaeei o?aie?iaee. Volobuev M.I. Efficiency of a man under conditions of breath training in artificial mountain air. Thesis for a medical science candidate`s degree in cpeciality 14. 02. 01 - hygiene, Labour Medical Institute of Ukraine National Academy of Medical Science, Kiev, 1998. Defence of a thesis manuscript investigating effectiveness of regular trainings usage under normal air preassure conditions of artificial mountain air with the aim of improving phisical state and prophylaxis of nonspecific inflammatiory deseases of upper respiratory tracts. It ia esteblished that periodical trainings under conditions of low partial oxygen preassure improve physical and mental efficiency of a men. Proposed sustenal training regime allows to a considerable extent to prolong improvement effect. The avtor gave a work-out to a new perspective non-medical method of a men`s efficiency improvement; proposed and substantiated practical appucation of a new, sustenal training regime under conditions of artificial mountain air. Eeth/iai neiaa : ?icoiiaa i?aoeacaeaoiinoue, oice/ia i?aoeacaeaoiinoue, ooo/ia ai?nueea iiaio?y, nonoaiaeueiee ?aaeei o?aioaaiiy.

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