Популяційний аналіз природного відновлення широколистяних порід в умовах північного сходу України: Автореф. дис… канд. біол. наук / В.Г. Скляр, Ін-т

?INOEOOO AIOAI?EE ?i. I.A.OIEIAeIIAI

IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

NEEss? A?eoi??y A?eai??aia

OAeE 581. 524. 1

Iiioeyoe?eiee aiae?c i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy

oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae

a oiiaao i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie

03. 00. 05 — aioai?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?,
I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

cane. ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

CEIA?I THe?ai Aiae??eiae/,

Coinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aioai?ee

oa o?c?ieia?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ineei.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

AIAe???IEI Oaoyia Eaii?ae?aia,

?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A.Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoth/a i?aea?aeii/ith eiiieaeniith eaai?aoi???th

iaoeiaeo iniia caiia?aeii? ni?aae IAI Oe?a?ie

oa I?iaeiaaciaee Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

OAA*EE Aaneeue Eaiiiae/,

Eai?anueeee i?e?iaeiee caiia?aeiee,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae ?i. I.I.A?eoea

IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e i?e?iaeii? oei?e, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 10-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.211.01 a ?inoeooo?
aioai?ee ?i. I.A.Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252601, INI,
Ee?a,

aoe. Oa?auaie?anueea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aioai?ee
?i. I.A.Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252025, Ee?a — 25, aoe.
Aaeeea AEeoiie?nueea, 28.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?eue?inueea A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. E?nia? ianeae i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie /a?ac
aeeiiaiiy ieie ee?iaoioa??ieo, a?oioicaoenieo, aiaei?aaoethth/eo oa
aiaeiioi?iiieo ooieoe?e ? aieiaieie aa?aioaie caa?aaeaiiy
a?i??ciiiai?ooy, caaacia/aiiy no?eeiai ?nioaaiiy i?e?iaeieo oa
ainiiaea?nueeeo eiiieaen?a oe??? oa?eoi??? ?, a iaai?e i???, an???
Oe?a?ie. Oe?ii?noue e?n?a Noinueei? iaeano? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeaye? c
ieo ? oi?eaeueieie aeinenoaiaie, aiaeia?a yeei a Oe?a?i? iaia?. Cia/aiiy
oeeo e?niaeo ianea?a ye a ?aa?iiaeueiiio, oae ? a caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiio
ianooaaao, ua a?eueoa c?inoa? o ca’yceo c? noai?aiiyi ia Noiuei?
Aeaniyinueei-Noa?iaoonueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiai ia?eo, yae?ii
yeiai aenooia? aaeeeee ianea oaieieo ? i?oaieo e?n?a: ?o iiaeaeueoa
?nioaaiiy aoaea caaacia/oaaoenue aeeeth/ii oeyoii i?e?iaeiiai
a?aeiiaeaiiy.

C iiceoe?e aeiiii?ee, aeieia?? oa ioi?iie i?e?iaee i?ai?/ii-no?aeiiai
?aa?iio ia no/aniiio aoai? aeoaea aaaeeeaei noa? aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ?
caeiiii??iinoae i?ioiaeaeaiiy i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio, ui
caeaoiee i?e i?i?iaeueieo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiyo ia o?eueee caa?aaoe oa
?icoe?eoe ieiu?, caeiyo? e?naie, a e caaacia/eoe caa?aaeaiiy ?o
a?i??ciiiai?ooy. Ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui i?e ?ic?iaoe? ??cieo aniaeo?a ?
i?iaeai i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy, aea/aany a iniiaiiio aaeeeee i?ae??no.
Ae??aiee i?ae??no, ia ??ai? yeiai aieiaiei /eiii ? ae??oo?oueny aeiey
e?n?a, aeine?aeaeoaaany ii??aiyii iaei. ?icaeyae ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo ye
eeth/iai? oace aeicaiey? cia/ii ?icoe?eoe e iiaeeaeoe ciaiiy i?i noai
e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueiiai i?ioeano a oiio /e ?ioiio ?aa?ii? oa /eiieee, ui
eiai eiio?ieththoue, ?, a oe?eiio, aeaiaeeoue ?icoi?iiy i?iaeaie
aeiaaio?eaaeiai ?nioaaiiy e?niaeo aeinenoai ia ye?nii iiaee ??aaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aea/aiiy
iiia?aaeiueiai i?e?iaeiiai (ui i?ioiaeeoue i?ae iieiaii e?no)
a?aeiiaeaiiy iniiaieo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae i?ai?/ii-no?aeiiai ?aa?iio
aoei ?icii/aoi a iaaeao iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie eaoaae?e aioai?ee oa
o?c?ieia?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ineei Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ii?oiaaiaoe/ii? ioe?iee
aeeoo?caeaoiino?, i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa no?eeino? ?ineei a e?niaeo
aeinenoaiao” iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01870072926 e i?iaeiaaeaii ii oai?
“Caeiiii??iino? a?ieia?/iiai ??ciiiai?ooy ia iiioeyoe?eiiio ??ai?
i?aai?caoe?? ?ineeiiiai iie?eao”, yea aeeth/aia a eii?aeeiaoe?eio oaio
?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A.Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith ?iaioe aoei: ia iniia?
iiioeyoe?eiiai aiae?co aea/eoe iniaeeaino?, caeiiii??iino? oa
oaiaeaioe?? iiia?aaeiueiai i?e?iaeiiai ian?ii?aiai a?aeiiaeaiiy Quercus
robur L., Fraxinus excelsior L., Acer platanoides L. a oiiaao i?ai?/iiai
noiaeo Oe?a?ie ia oe?ioiiio iae?ia?aae??io? Iie?nueea —
Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea i?aei?ia?ioe?? ?a?iiaenueei? oe?ieieenoyiie?niai?
aaiaioai?/ii? iaeano? — Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea i?aei?ia?ioe?y
?a?iiaenueei-Nea??nueei? e?ninoaiiai? aaiaioai?/ii? iaeano?.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa ia?aaeaa/aea ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue.

1. Aea/eoe ieanoe/i?noue, i?ieea?noue oa ii?oiaaiac i?ae?inoo Q.
robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides.

2. I?iaanoe aiae?c u?eueiino? oa i?inoi?iai? no?oeoo?e
noaoeaiiiiioeyoe?e i?ae?inoo a ??cieo aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo oiiaao.

3. Aecia/eoe aieiai? iciaee aeeoo?aiai noaio iniaei i?ae?inoo, ? ia ?o
iniia? aeaoe ioe?ieo a?oae?oaoi?e no?oeoo?? noaoeaiiiiioeyoe?e.

4. Aeyaeoe i?aeaeaeia? oa aioo??oiueiaeaeia? aeieiai-oeaiioe/i? ca’ycee
i?ae?inoo.

5. Aeaoe i?iaiic ci?ie noaio e?niaeo aeinenoai aeine?aeaeoaaii?
oa?eoi???.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa, ia iniia? iiioeyoe?eiiai aiae?co,
io?eiaia eiiieaenia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i noai ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo Q. robur,
F. excelsior, A. platanoides ia oa?eoi??? i?ai?/iiai noiaeo oa, ia
i?eeeaae? aeaiiai ?aa?iio, i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea noi?nii? ae?? i?ia?aeieo
aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo /eiiee?a (ina?oeaiino?, oa?ii-, iia?iee?iaoo,
aieiaino?, canieaiino? a?oio?a, ai?noo a ieo acioo oa ea?aiiao?a, noaio
aeeaiai e iaaeeaiai iaaea?oioiaiai iie?eao) ia e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.
C’yniaaii, ui aeey eiaeiiai aaiaioai?/iiai ?aa?iio ? eiaeii? ?ineeiii?
anioe?aoe?? oa?aeoa?ia niaoeeo?/ia ii?oino?oeoo?a ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo,
yea ocaaaeueiaia i?ae iacaith “iiaeaeueieo iniaei”. Aia?oa, ia iniia?
aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a aaaaoiaei??ii? noaoenoeee oa a?oae?oaoiiai
aiae?co, anoaiiaeaii, ui: a) a yeino? ia’?eoeaieo e?euee?nieo e?eoa???a
aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeoo?caeaoiino? i?ae?inoo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae
ianaiia?aae ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe o?oiiano, caaaeueio ieiuo eenoiai?
iiaa?oi? oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?? oi?ioaaiiy, a) ia aeine?aeaeoaaiiio
oe?ioiiio iae?ia?aae??io? aeeoo?caeaoi?noue i?ae?inoo A. platanoides
i?aeaeuo?oueny c i?aii/? ia i?aaeaiue, iaeaeua ye?noue i?ae?inoo F.
excelsior aeanoeaa oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei?, Q. robur — e?ioeyi
a?aae??ioo. Aeyaeai? oeie eiie?aoiiai aeieia?/iiai ? oeaiioe/iiai
ioi/aiiy, iaea?eueo ni?eyoeea? aeey iiia?aaeiueiai i?e?iaeiiai
ian?ii?aiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae. Anoaiiaeaia no?oeoo?a
o?oioeaiioe/iiai ? oiiia?ao?/iiai eiioeiooi?a o i?oaieo ? oe?ieieenoyieo
e?nao, iieacaii, cie?aia, ui ia?oee ? iiiieeanoa?iei ooai?aiiyi,
ae?oaee — iie?eeanoa?iei. Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei
i?iaiicoaaiiy noaio e?niaeo aeinenoai ia iniia? anoaiiaeaiiy e?eueeino?
oa u?eueiino? ia ieiuao a?aeiiaeaiiy ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo iaeaeui?
aeeoo?caeaoiino? (eeano “a” a?oae?oaoo).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoiaee oa iaoiaee,
aeei?enoai? a aeena?oaoe??, i?iiiiothoueny aeey oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy
i?e aea/aii? e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueiiai i?ioeano a ??cieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie
oa ca ?? iaaeaie. Io?eiai? i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiue aeai? uiaei
no/aniiai noaio oa ia?niaeoea i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo
ii??ae ia oa?eoi??? i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie ia?aaeai? ? aaea
aeei?enoiaothoueny Aea?aeaaiei oi?aae?iiyi I?iaeiaaciaee a Noinuee?e
iaeano? oa Aea?aeaaiei e?niainiiaea?nueeei ia’?aeiaiiyi “Noiee?n”,
Na?aaeeii-Aoaenueeith ?aeiiiith ?aaeith ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a Noinueei?
iaeano? i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?eeii?a caa?aaeaiiy ? i?eiiiaeaiiy e?niaiai
oiiaeo i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie oa aecia/aii? ?aaeei?a eiai no?eei?
aenieoaoaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe caae?yi? a eaeoe?eiiio
oa eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/iiio eo?nao c aeieia?? oa e?niciaanoaa a
Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ca /an ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoe??th c 1994
aei 1998 ?ieo iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai aeeiiaii iiaiee aaiaioai?/iee iien 73
aeine?aeieo ae?eyiie ?ici??ii 100 i2 oa 2100 ae?eyiie ?ici??ii 0,25 i2.
Caeeaaeaii e aeine?aeaeaii 15 o?ainaeo oe?eiith 0,5 i ? aeiaaeeiith 100
i. C?a?aii aa?aa??e 236 aeae?a ?ineei, ui ?inoooue ia ae?eyieao
a?aeiiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae. I?iaaaeaii iiaiee
ii?oiiao?e/iee aiae?c 2860 iniaei ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo Q. robur, F.
excelsior, A. platanoides.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe oa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
?iaioe aoee aena?oeai? ia ui??/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (1995 — 1998), ia O c’?cae? Oe?a?inueeiai aioai?/iiai
oiaa?enoaa (Iieoaaa, 1997), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae noai?aiiy Aeaniyinueei-Noa?iaoonueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiai ia?eo oa oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy ”
(Na?aaeeia-Aoaea, 1997), ia nai?ia?? c i?iaeai caiia?aeieea
“Ieoaee?anueea oe?eeia” (Noie, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 ?ia?o, o
oiio /ene? 6 noaoae o “AEo?iaea iauae aeieiaee”, “Yeieiaee” (ii iaei?e)
oa “A?nieeo Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo” (/ioe?e).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (434 aeaea?aea) ? 10
aeiaeaoe?a. Oaenoiaa /anoeia neeaaea? 130 noi??iie. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia
35 oaaeeoeyie, 31 ?enoieii ? a?ao?eii, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeiaeaoeaie ia
69 noi??ieao, o yeeo iaaea?oueny ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/i?
oiiae i?ai?/ii-no?aeii? Oe?a?ie, iniaeeaino? ii?oieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e
ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo, noaio eiai noaoeaiiiiioeyoe?e o ??cieo
aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo oiiaao oa /eiieee, ui eiio?ieththoue
e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueiee i?ioean.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

?icae?e 1. E?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ye /eiiee no?eeino? e?n?a

1.1. No/ania e?niaa ia?aaeeaia. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c eeane/iei a/aiiyi
i?i e?n, ui aa?a ii/aoie c ?ia?o A.O.Ii?iciaa (1949) ? aaco?oueny ia
oyaeaii? i?i e?n ye noeoii?noue e?niaeo ?ineei, oaa?ei, a?oio?a oa
aoiinoa?e, ui aca?iiae?thoue i?ae niaith ? ciaoiaeyoueny a iino?eiiio
?icaeoeo, e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny, ye aacia?a?aii i?io?eath/ee
i?ioean, i?e?iaeii-?noi?e/ia iniiaa yeiai aaco?oueny “ia o?ueio eeoao”:
a?ieia??, aeieia?? oa aaia?ao?? e?no. O iaaeao aeaii? eiioeaioe?? aoea
iaeiie/aia aeineoue aaeeea ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iniaeeaino? oa caeiiii??iino?
i?io?eaiiy e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueiiai i?ioeano a ??cieo ?aa?iiao oa
/eiieee, ui eiio?ieththoue eiai (Ianoa?ia,1954, Iaeaoia, 1980).

Naieaeanyo? ?iee iaoiai noi??//y a?aecia/eeenue iiyaith iiai? e?niai?
ia?aaeeaie (gap-ia?aaeeaie), yea aeicaiey? a?eueo aeeaiei c?icoi?oe
i?e?iaeo e?no ? i?ae ?ioei eooii ci?o iiaeeaeoeny ia i?ioean
a?aeiiaeaiiy e?n?a. A?aeiia?aeii aei iiai? ia?aaeeaie i?e?iaei? e?ne
i?aaenoaaeythoue noeoean?eio iica?eo aeaiaio?a iica?/ii-y?onii?
no?oeoo?e, a ?ici??e a?eii (gaps) o iieic? e?no aecia/athoue ye aeaeiaee
neeaae ? oni?oi?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy aea?aaieo ii??ae, oae ? ?o e?euee?ni?
oa?aeoa?enoeee (Ainoi/iiaa?iiaeneea oe?ieieenoaaiiua eana, 1994). Ia
no/aniiio aoai? aeey a?eueo iiaiiai oa anaa?/iiai ?ice?eooy iniaeeainoae
? caeiiii??iinoae i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy e?n?a o oiio /e ?ioiio
?aa?ii? iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye o?aaeeoe?ei? i?aeoiaee, oae ?
gap-ia?aaeeaio, yea ia?aaeaa/a? oe?iea canoinoaaiiy iiioeyoe?eiiai
aiae?co.

1.2. Iioiaaiac i?ae?inoo. Iiaeeea? i?e/eie iacaaeia?eueiiai
a?aeiiaeaiiy. Aei iaeaaaeeea?oeo iieaciee?a a?aeiiaeaiiy iaeaaeaoue
e?euee?noue oa ye?noue i?ae?inoo, oa?aeoa? eiai ?icoaooaaiiy a iaaeao
iiioeyoe?eiiai iiey. On? oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee, o naith /a?ao,
aecia/athoueny oni?oi?noth i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai oeeeeo. O
i?ae?icae?e? 1.2 iiaeaia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iniaeeaino? i?io?eaiiy o Q.
robur, F. excelsior ? A. platanoides eiaeiiai c aoai?a ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai
oeeeeo, /eiieee, ui ?o eiio?ieththoue, io?eiaia a ?acoeueoao?
ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoa??ae?a a?eueo i?ae 100 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
(Aiaoaiei, 1954, Aeaienia, 1954, Eineoeeee,1960, 1963, 1981, Eioii,
1962, Ieeieaaaa, 1967, Caoaieueiiaa, 1968, Iooeineay, 1977, Eai, 1978,
Ieeieaaaa, Ai?iaueaaa, 1978, Ai?iaueaaa, 1981, 1982, Neai?oeiaa, 1983,
Eoeaaei, Iooeineay, 1984, Nio??, Aa?ian, 1984, Iaiaeaeoeianeay, 1990 oa
?i.).

?icaeyae ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo iniaei Q. robur, F. excelsior ?
A. platanoides iieacaa, ui e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy — oea neeaaeia oa
aaaaoia?aiia i?iaeaia. I?e/eie iacaaeia?eueiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy iiaeooue
oiaaoeny ia eiaei?e noaae?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai oeeeeo. E?euee?noue,
ye?noue, i?inoi?iaa ?ici?uaiiy iniaei ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo, ye ?
oni?oi?noue i?ioiaeaeaiiy an?o aoai?a ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai oeeeeo, ?
a?aeia?aaeaiiyi a) a?ieia?? aeaeo, a) neeaaeo, no?oeoo?e oa iniaeeainoae
ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiie?aoii? e?niai? aeinenoaie, a) aeiaaeueieo oa
i?noeaaeo iniaeeainoae noaio iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

1.3. Ii?oieia?/ia no?oeoo?a, a?ieia?y oa aeieia?y i?ae?inoo
oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae. Ae??aiee i?ae??no — oea iieiaea iieie?iiy
aea?aaieo ii??ae, yea ciaoiaeeoueny a y?on? o?aa’yiiai iie?eao e ia?
aenioo ia a?eueoa 50 ni. Aei eaoaai??? ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo cae/aeii
iaeaaeaoue iniaeie thaai?eueiiai oa eaac?nai?eueiiai a?eiaiai noaio.
Iniaeeaino? aeieia??, a?ieia?? ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo, iaaaaeai? a
i?ae?icae?e? 1.3 ia iniia? i?aoeue aaaaoueio aaoi??a (Ea?iia, 1956,
1969, Aao?iiaaaa, 1954, Eieanie/aiei, 1964, 1976, Ea?iaiiaa, 1970,
Iaeeeia, Oeaeueieea?, sseoeia, 1970, ?unei, 1970, Caoaieueiiaa, 1974,
Nie?iiaa, *enoyeiaa, Enoiieia, 1984, *oiaeiaa, Aaneeueaa, 1984,
*oiaeiaa, 1985 oa ?i.), aeathoue i?aenoaao aeey ?icaeyaeo oeueiai
aoaio aeeooy aea?aaieo ii??ae ye eeth/iai? oace a i?ioean?
naiia?aeiiaeaiiy e?n?a. Ia a?aei?io a?ae n?yioe?a, ae??aiee i?ae??no
aaea ia?aaeea iaea?eueo iaaacia/i? e?eoe/i? ia??iaee ? ci?a caeiyoe
iaaia i?noea a neeaae? o?oioeaiic?a. O oie aea /an, /a?ac /ooeea?noue
uiaei ci?i ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua, eiai iaeaooi?, ia a?aei?io a?ae
aaeeeiai i?ae?inoo, ua iiai?noth ia aecia/aia, a ?acii ?c iei ? aeiey
an??? e?niai? aeinenoaie, iiaeeea?noue ?? aeiaaio?eaaeiai e no?eeiai
?nioaaiiy.

Iaeyae aieiaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, ye? noinothoueny oaie
aeena?oaoe??, iieaco?, ui iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui e?nia?aeiiaeaiith oa
aea/aiith i?ae?inoo Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides i?eae?eyeanue
aaeeea oaaaa, ? a oe?e aaeoc? iaeiie/aiee cia/ia e?euee?noue ??cieo
aeaieo, iiioeyoe?ei? aniaeoe ?nioaaiiy i?ae?inoo aea/ai? neaai.
I?aeoe/ii a?aenooiy ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i oa, ye? iioiaaiaoe/i? oaeoeee
?aae?co? i?ae??no, i?i oa?aeoa? aieeao ??cieo aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo
/eiiee?a ia ii?oieia?/io no?oeoo?o iniaei, ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo oa
i?iaeoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano, aeeoo?caeaoi?noue. Iaei oaaae i?eae?eyeinue
aea/aiith i?iaeaie no?eeino? iiioeyoe?e ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo aea?aaieo
ii??ae a oiiaao caiia?aeiino?, o ca’yceo c oeei aea/aiiy noaio ae??aiiai
i?ae?inoo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae a oiiaao Aeaniyinueei-Noa?iaoonueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ia?eo noa? iniaeeai aeooaeueiei.

?icae?e 2. Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

2.1. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aeiio aeine?aeaeaiue. Iiaoaeiaa
aeieiai-oeaiioe/iiai a?aae??ioo. ?ineeii?noue i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie
iaeaaeeoue aei aeaio aaiaioai?/ieo iaeanoae, o iaaeao yeeo aeae?eythoue
4 i?aei?ia?ioe??, 5 ie?oa?a, 10 ?aeii?a ? 4 i?ae?aeiie (Aaiaioai?/ia
?aeiioaaiiy Oe?a?inueei? ?N?, 1977). Iaea?eueoith e?neno?noth a
Noinuee?e iaeano? a?ae??ciythoueny Iie?nueea, Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea
e?niaa oa Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?ninoaiiaa aaiaioai?/i? i?aei?ia?ioe??
(I?e?iaea Oe?aeineie NN?, 1985, Aaia?ao?y Noinueei? iaeano?, 1995). O ?o
iaaeao aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeae?eaii 8 eeth/iaeo
ae?eyiie ?c aaia?ao?/ieie eii?aeeiaoaie: eeth/iaa ae?eyiea ? 1 — 520 20/
Ii.o. 330 49/ No.ae., ? 2 — 520 07/ Ii.o. 330 54/ No.ae. (Iie?nueei?
aaiaioai?/ii? i?aei?ia?ioe??), ? 3 — 510 37/ Ii.o. 330 31/ No.ae.,
? 4 — 510 31/ Ii.o. 330 31/ No.ae., ? 5 — 510 29/ Ii.o. 330 45/ No.ae
(Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?niai?), ? 6 — 510 03/ Ii.o. 340 57/ No.ae., ?
7 — 500 57/ Ii.o. 340 57/ No.ae., ? 8 — 500 53/ Ii.o. 340 55/ No.ae.
(Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai?). Aeae?eai? eeth/ia? ae?eyiee
?icaeyaeaee ye oe?ioiee eiiieaeniee aeieiai-oeaiioe/iee a?aae??io,
caaaeueia aeiaaeeia yeiai neeaea 164 ei ii ia?eae?aio.

2.2. Aaiaioai?/i? iaoiaee. C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy neeaaeo, no?oeoo?e oa
iniaeeainoae i?ieeaino? ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue, ?icoaoiaaieo o iaaeao
eeth/iaeo ae?eyiie, aoee aeei?enoai? caaaeueiii?eeiyo? aaiaioai?/i?
iaoiaee (Noea/aa, Ciii, 1961, Iieaaay aaiaioaieea, 1964). Aeey io?eiaiiy
?ai?acaioaoeaiiai iaoa??aeo a aeine?aeaeoaaieo o?oioeaiicao aoee
caeeaaea?? i?iai? ae?eyiee, ia yeeo i?iaiaeeee iiai? aaiaioai?/i? iiene
c o?aooaaiiyi e?nioaenaoe?eieo iieaciee?a, cai?ii aa?aa??th ?
aeaoaeueiei iienii o?aa’yiiai y?ono ia ae?eyieao ?ici??ii 0,25 i2.

2.3. Iiioeyoe?ei? iaoiaee. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue ae??aiee
i?ae??no Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides ?icaeyaeaee ye
naiino?eio noaoeaiiiiioeyoe?th a?aeiia?aeiiai aeaeo. Aeae? aeey
noeneino? aoaeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe nei?i/aiee oa?i?i “iiioeyoe??
ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo”. Aieiaia oaaaa aoea i?eae?eaia aea/aiith
iiioeyoe?eieo iie?a i?ae?inoo ? noaio iniaei ye aeaiaio?a iiioeyoe?e.
Ioe?iea u?eueiino? iiioeyoe?e i?iaiaeeeanue iaoiaeii i?ae?aooieo iniaei
ia i?iaieo ae?eyieao ?ici??ii 0,25 i2. Ca io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie
ae?aoiaoaaee e?euee?noue iniaei i?ae?inoo ia 1 aa (oo./aa). E??i
aea/aiiy u?eueiino? i?ae?inoo i?iaiaeeee oaeiae ioe?ieo eiai o?aieyiiy.
C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy oeio ?ici?uaiiy iniaei ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo a
eiaeiiio o?oioeaiic? aoea caeeaaeaia o?ainaeoa aeiaaeeiith 100 i, ui
neeaaeaeany c 200 ae?eyiie ii 0,25 i2. C?a?aiee iaoa??ae
ii?aoeueiaoaaany c aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??th Io?a oa e?eoa??th a?aeiinii?
aeenia?n?? (Aaneeaae/, 1969).

I?ae /an ioe?iee noaoono iniaei ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo Q. robur, F.
excelsior oa A. platanoides o ??cieo e?ni?ineeiieo oiiaao, iniiaio oaaao
aoei neiioeaio?iaaii ia aea/aii? ?o ?ici??o, oae ye a aaaaoueio
aeiaaeeao ?ici?? ?ineei aeyaey?oueny aaaeeea?oei aeey ?o aeie?, i?ae
a?eiaee noai. I?e aea/aii? ?ici??ii? aaoa?iaaiiino? iiioeyoe?e
i?ae?inoo, aoa aeei?enoaiee ii?oiiao?e/iee aiae?c, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaany
a?aooaaiiyi 27-28 noaoe/ieo ? aeeiai?/ieo ii?oiia?aiao??a.

Ia iniia? eiiieaeno ii?oiiao?e/ieo iciae, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue
a?oae?oao, ca iaoiaeeeith a?oae?oaoiiai aiae?co (Ceiaei, 1980, 1981,
1989) eiaeia iniaeia i?ae?inoo aoea a?aeianaia aei oiai /e ?ioiai ?aiao
a?oae?oaoo — ?aiao yeino?: ia?oiai (aeuiai) — “a”, ae?oaiai
(i?ii?aeiiai) — “b”, o?aoueiai (iecueeiai ) — “n”. Aeoiaey/e c
a?aeiioaiiy a iiioeyoe?? iniaei ??ciiai ??aiy a?oae?oaoo, eiaeia
iiioeyoe?y io?eio? oie /e ?ioee ?iaeaen yeino? iiioeyoe?? Q=1/2 (a+b),
aea a ? b a?aeiia?aeii /anoee iniaei aeuiai oa i?ii?aeiiai eean?a
a?oae?oaoo. Ca cia/aiiyi ?iaeaeno yeino? anoaiiaethaaany oei iiioeyoe??:
i?ioea?oath/a (Q > 0,33), a??aiiaaaeaia (0,16 < Q < 0,33), aeai?aneaia (Q < 0,16). Aeey ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a ii?oiiao?e/iiai aiae?co aeei?enoiaoaaee iaeaoe i?eeeaaeieo noaoenoe/ieo i?ia?ai STATGRAPHICS (/aoaa?oa aa?n?y) o??ie STSC oa STATISTICA for Windows (aa?n?y 5.1) o??ie Stat Soft. 2.4. Iae?e i?yiiae?th/eo oa iiina?aaeeiaaieo aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a. A?aae??ioiee aiae?c. Aeey eiaeiiai i?noeac?inoaiiy i?ae?inoo a i?ioean? iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoea aecia/aia ina?oeai?noue i?ae iieiaii e?no, iiooaei?noue aoioniaiai ai?eciioo ? i?aenoeeee, neeaae iaaeeaiai iaaea?oioiaiai iie?eao, a?aei?/ai? iniaeeaino? ?aeue?oo, anoaiiaeaii oei e?ni?ineeiieo oiia ca Ae.A.Ai?iaeiaei (1953). Aeey aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae iiia?aaeiueiai i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides, aoee aeei?enoai? iaeaea? iiaeeo?eaoe?? a?aae??ioiiai aiae?co (i?yiee ? iai?yiee). ?ic?aooiee aeeiioaaee ca aeiiiiiaith iaeaoa STATECOL, yeee ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ye aeiaeaoie aei eieaeee Ludwig a. Reynolds (1988). ?icae?e 3. Noai a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae o ?aa?ii? 3.1. U?euei?noue oa o?aieyiiy i?ae?inoo ia ae?eyieao a?aeiiaeaiiy. Aiae?c u?eueiino? oa o?aieyiiy ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae a oiiaao i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie iieaco?, ui iaea?eueo oni?oii a?aeiiaeth?oueny A. platanoides. Eiai iiia?aaei? i?e?iaeia ian?ii?aa a?aeiiaeaiiy ca?a?no?iaaia a on?o o?ueio aaiaioai?/ieo i?aei?ia?ioe?yo, aea u?euei?noue ia ae?eyieao a?aeiiaeaiiy a iniiaiiio neeaaea? a?ae 5300 oo./aa aei 30800 oo./aa, i?e o?aieyii? a?ae 23,3 aei 76,5%. Iaeaeoeai?oa i?e?iaeia a?aeiiaeaiiy A. platanoides ?aea a na?aeeo oa aieiaeo noa?oaeeao (N2, N3 NAe). Iine?aeiai?noue ?icoaooaaiiy aaiaioai?/ieo i?aei?ia?ioe?e o iai?yieo ciaioaiiy u?eueiino? ? o?aieyiiy ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo A. platanoides oaea: Iie?nueea, Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?ninoaiiaa, Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?niaa. Iiia?aaei? i?e?iaeia a?aeiiaeaiiy Q. robur ia iae?ia?aae??io?, ui aea/aany, ia? i?noea a oneo o?ueio aaiaioai?/ieo i?aei?ia?ioe?yo. Iaeaeoeai?oa a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ioiaeeoue o Iie?nn?. Ooo aiii ca?a?no?iaaii ia cia/ieo ieiuao, ia?aaaaeii caeiyoeo na?aeeie ? aieiaeie noai?aie (A2, A3 AeN) oa ??aeoa noa?oaeeaie (N2, N3 NAe). U?euei?noue iniaei o iiioeyoe?yo iieiaeiai iieie?iiy Q. robur neeaaea? 20800 - 21200 oo./aa, a o?aieyiiy 50,0 - 51,7 %. A oiiaao Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?niai? ? Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai? aaiaioai?/ieo i?aei?ia?ioe?e iiia?aaei? i?e?iaeia a?aeiiaeaiiy Q. robur cono??/a?oueny ??aeoa, aea oai aea aiii ia? i?noea, u?euei?noue iniaei eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 11600 oo./aa aei 60000 oo./aa, a o?aieyiiy - a?ae 26,6 aei 73,3%. No?eea iiia?aaei? i?e?iaeia a?aeiiaeaiiy F. excelsior ca?a?no?iaaia o?eueee a Na?aaeiuei?in?enuee?e e?nia?e oa Na?aaeiuei?in?enuee?e e?ninoaiia?e aaiaioai?/ieo i?aei?ia?ioe?yo, aea aiii oyae?? aei na?aeeo oa aieiaeo noa?oaee?a (N2, N3 NAe). U?euei?noue iniaei o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a neeaaea? 18800 - 56000 oo./aa, a o?aieyiiy 38,9 - 45,0 %. 3.2. Iiaeae? iniaei i?ae?inoo. Cia/aiiy a?eueoino? ia?aiao??a noaio ? ?inoo a iniaei ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides noaoenoe/ii cia/oua ci?ithaaeenue ye acaeiaae oe?ioiiai iae?ia?aae??ioa, oae ? ii ie?aieo anioe?aoe?yo. O A. platanoides aaee/eie iieaciee?a ii?oiaaiaco a iniiaiiio ca?eueooaaeenue c i?aii/? ia i?aaeaiue acaeiaae iae?ia?aae??ioo, o F. excelsior aaee/eie ii?oiia?aiao??a o oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? iae?ia?aae??ioo (Na?aaeiuei?in?enuee?e e?nia?e i?aei?ia?ioe??) aeinyaaee iaeneiaeueieo, a o Q. robur - i?i?iaeueieo cia/aiue. ?aaaoaaiiy ii?oiia?aiao??a ia ci?io aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo oiia iaei ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee oa?aeoa?. Iciaeiniaoeeo?/i?noue aoea iaea?eueo yne?aai ae?aaeaia o i?ae?inoo Q. robur. Aeey eiaeiiai aaiaioai?/iiai ?aa?iio e eiaeii? anioe?aoe?? aeyaeeanue niaoeeo?/iith e oa?aeoa?iith ii?oino?oeoo?a i?ae?inoo, yea aoea ocaaaeueiaia i?ae iacaith “iiaeaeae iniaei i?ae?inoo”, oeiiaeo aeey eiie?aoieo e?ni?ineeiieo oiia (oaae. 3.1). 3.3. Oeie yeino? iiioeyoe?e i?ae?inoo. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oai???th a?oae?oaoiiai aiae?co, ye iae?ioi?iaoeai?o? aeey ioe?iee aeeoo?aiai noaio i?ae?inoo, a?aeae?aeenue ii?oiia?aiao?e: a) ui iaea?eueoa ci?iththoueny acaeiaae oe?ioiiai a?aae??ioo, a) ye? ? oeaio?aie ei?aeyoe?eieo ieayae, a) ui aiinyoue iaeneiaeueiee aeeaae o oaeoi?ia ??oaiiy. Iniaeie i?ae?inoo ? aeineoue oe?e?nieie a?ieia?/ieie nenoaiaie. Ae?aaeaia oey oe?e?ni?noue o cia/i?e cei?aeueiaaiino? aaaaoueio no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue: 27-28 ii?oiia?aiao??a, ui a?aoiaoaaeenue i?ae /an ii?oiiao?e/iiai aiae?co a i?ae?inoo A. platanoides, F. excelsior, ia ??ai? ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino? 0,95 ? a?eueoa, oi?iothoue 4 ei?aeyoe?ei? ieayaee, a o Q. robur - 6. Iniaeeai o?nia ei?aeyoe?y i?aeo?eio?oueny i?ae o?oiianith oa i?ioeanaie ?? oi?ioaaiiy c iaeiiai aieo, eenoiaith iiaa?oiath oa i?ioeanaie ?? oi?ioaaiiy c ae?oaiai ? i?ioeanaie ?inoo ye oaeeie. Ia iniia? ii??aiyiiy oaeoi?iiai ??oaiiy c ei?aeyoe?eieie ieayaeaie, o eiiieaen iciae, ui aeaoa?i?iothoue a?oae?oao i?ae?inoo A. platanoides, aoee aeeth/ai? o?oiiana iaaecaiii? /anoeie, ?ici?? eenoiai? iiaa?oi? oa aenioa iniaei. A?oae?oaoi? oeie iiioeyoe?e iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 3.2. A?oae?oaoiee aiae?c Oaaeeoey 3.1 - Oeiia? iiaeae? ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae a?eii 5 - 9 ?ie?a a oiiaao i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie A n i oe ? a oe ? y Ii?oiia?aiao?eo?oi-iana iaaecai-ii? /anoeie, a (W)ae- ni-oa, niiei-ua eeno-e?a, ni2 (A)e-noue eeno-e?a, oo.ae?a-iao?, niA/We-noue aiei-aeo iaai-i?a, oo.Acer platanoidesBetuletum vacciniosum1 4,1 22,9 226,47 0,53 57,2?033 2Quercetum stellariosum16,0 33,7 284,770,5146,53Betuletum asarosum2 6,029,0 321,0 70,4953,84Fraxinetum stellariosum2 6,0 30,6 331,2 70,4955,90A.–T.-Quercetum mercu-rialidoso- aegopodiosum27,8 36,7 405,3 80,5152,10Tilieto–Quercetum aegopodiosum38,2 36,7 472,6 120,5756,65A.-T.-Fraxinatum aegopodiosum3 7,4 35,6 372,7 90,5051,91Fraxinetum coryloso -aegopodiosum38,9 39,1 575,3 100,5165,41Fraxinus excelsior Tilietum impatientosum2 7,5 24,9 345,2 80,5245,72Fraxinetum stellariosum2 6,8 28,4 418,360,4362,60A.–T.-Quercetum mercu-rialidoso- aegopodiosum29,9 34,2 569,5 70,4957,51Fraxinetum aegopodiosum3 9,3 33,1 336,380,5639,55A.-T.-Fraxinatum aegopodiosum3 5,5 33,0251,0 60,4249,52Quercus roburPinetum pleuroziosum110,4 30,6 398,8 190,6442,37Pineto–Quercetum vacciniosum1 16,0 34,6 494,4250,6633,011Quercetum convallariosum2 8,8 31,2 337,6 130,6646,84Pinetum herboso-cha-maeriosum311,243,3 468,5 200,60 43,75Quercetum fragariosum 3 9,9 39,9440,1 220,4945,57I?ei?oee: 1. Iiioeyoe?? Iie?nueei? i?aei?ia?ioe?? 2. Iiioeyoe?? Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?niai? i?aei?ia?ioe?? 3. Iiioeyoe?? Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai? i?aei?ia?ioe?? Oaaeeoey 3.2 - A?oae?oaoia no?oeoo?a oa ye?ni? oeie iiioeyoe?e ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo Anioe?aoe?y*anoea iniaei?i-aeaen yein-o?Oei iiioeyoe??eean “n”eean “b”eean “a”Acer platanoidesBetuletum vacciniosum 10,920,040,040,04aeai?aneaiaQuercetum stellariosum 10,680,160,160,16aeai?aneaiaBetuletum asarosum 20,750,050,200,13aeai?aneaiaFraxinetum stellariosum 20,640,150,210,18a??aiiaaaeaiaAcereto-Tilieto-Quercetum mercu- rialidoso-aegopodiosum 20,460,140,400,27a??aiiaaaeaiaTilieto-Quercetum aegopodiosum 30,370,220,510,37i?ioea?oath/aAcereto-Tilieto-Fraxinetum aegopodiosum 30,460,170,370,27a??aiiaaaeaiaFraxinetum coryloso-aegopodio-sum 30,210,160,630,40i?ioea?oath/aFraxinus excelsiorOilietum impatientosum 20,460,240,300,27a??aiiaaaeaiaFraxinetum stellariosum 20,280,360,360,36i?ioea?oath/aAcereto-Tilieto-Quercetum mercu- rialidoso-aegopodiosum 20,220,220,560,39i?ioea?oath/aFraxinetum aegopodiosum 30,680,220,100,16aeai?aneaiaAcereto-Tilieto-Fraxinetum aegopodiosum 30,800,140,060,10aeai?aneaiaQuarcus roburPineto-Quercetum vacciniosum 10,370,200,430,32a??aiiaaaeaiaPinetum pleuroziosum 10,640,030,330,18a??aiiaaaeaiaQuercetum nonvallariosum 20,680,190,130,16aeai?aneaiaQuercetum fragariosum 30,640,070,290,18a??aiiaaaeaiaPinetum herboso-chamaeriosum 30,500,130,370,25a??aiiaaaeaiaI?ei?oee: 1. Iiioeyoe?? Iie?nueei? i?aei?ia?ioe?? 2. Iiioeyoe?? Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?niai? i?aei?ia?ioe?? 3. Iiioeyoe?? Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai? i?aei?ia?ioe?? iieacaa, ui aeeoo?caeaoi?noue ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo A. platanoides iinooiiai c?inoa? a iai?yieo c i?aii/? ia i?aaeaiue. Aei neeaaeo eiiieaeno iciae, ui aeaoa?i?iothoue a?oae?oao iniaei F. excelsior, aoee aeeth/ai? ieiua eenoe?a, ieiua eenoe?a ia iaeeieoeth o?oiiane oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy eenoiai? iiaa?oi?. A?oae?oaoiee aiae?c i?iaeaiiino?oaaa, ui i?ae??no F. excelsior, cina?aaeaeaiee o o?aa’yiiio y?on? e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie, a Na?aaeiuei?in?enuee?e e?nia?e aaiaioai?/i?e i?aei?ia?ioe?? ia? a?eueoo aeeoo?caeaoi?noue, i?ae o Na?aaeiuei?in?enuee?e e?ninoaiia?e (aeea. oaae. 3.2). Aei neeaaeo eiiieaeno eeth/iaeo iciae aeeoo?aiai noaio iniaei i?ae?inoo Q. robur aa?eoee oae? ii?oiia?aiao?e: o?oiiana iaaecaiii? /anoeie, ?ici?? eenoiai? iiaa?oi? oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?? oi?ioaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?eueo?noue iiioeyoe?e ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo Q. robur, ye? noi?ioaaeeny ia oa?eoi??? i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie, iaeaaeaoue aei eaoaai??? a??aiiaaaeaieo ? iathoue aaee/eio ?iaeaeno Q ??aio 0,18 - 0,32 (aeea. oaae. 3.2). Iiioeyoe?? oe??? eaoaai??? oa?aeoa?i? aeey Iie?nueei? ? Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai? aaiaioai?/ieo i?aei?ia?ioe?e. O Na?aaeiuei?in?enuee?e e?nia?e i?aei?ia?ioe?? aeeoo?caeaoi?noue i?ae?inoo Q. robur ieae/a. 3.4. I?inoi?iaa ?icoaooaaiiy i?ae?inoo ia ae?eyieao a?aeiiaeaiiy. Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui ae??aiee i?ae??no Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides ia? eiioaa?icia ?ici?uaiiy. A a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a (e??i 3 c 19 aea/aieo) ia/eneai? cia/aiiy e?eoa??th Io?a aoee a?eueo? oaaee/ieo. ?icae?e 4. *eiieee, ye? eiio?ieththoue /enaeuei?noue oa noai i?ae?inoo 4.1. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee. Ia aeaiee /an iaeiie/aii aaaaoi ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aieea ina?oeaiino?, iiaiaeieo oiia, i?aenoeeee, aieiaino?, ?iaeth/ino? a?oio?a, o?aa’yiiai y?ono, oaa?ei oa ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie ia a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae. Iaeiae, iaoai?ci ni?eueii? ae?? /eiiee?a na?aaeiaeua ?nioaaiiy ia i?ae??no ?ice?eoee ua ia iiai?noth, a ?oiy ?ieue ia caaaeaee i?ine?aeaeo?oueny aei e?ioeaaeo eaiie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai oeeeeo. O ca’yceo c /ei aoei iinoaaeaii caaaeaiiy: ioe?ieoe eiiieaenio ae?th iniiaieo aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo /eiiee?a ia i?ioean a?aeiiaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi e?ioeaaiai e?eoa??th - e?eueeino? ? yeino? ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo. I?ae /an eiai ae??oaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iiioeyoe?eiee, ?aa?an?eiee oa a?aae??ioiee aiae?ce. 4.2. A?oioiai - ee?iaoe/i? /eiieee. I?ae /an aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?o aieeao ina?oeaiino? i?ae iieiaii e?no, iiooaeiino? i?aenoeeee e aoioniaiai ai?eciioo ia noai a?aae??ioiiai aiae?co. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oiiae ina?oeaiino? iathoue nooo?aee aieea ia noai i?ae?inoo an?o o?ueio ii??ae. C? ca?eueoaiiyi ina?oeaiino? a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy ?ici??o iniaei, e?eueeino? oa ieiu? eenoe?a ia ieo, aeoea?cothoueny i?ioeane iaeiie/aiiy o?oiiane ? ?inoo o aenioo, ca?eueoo?oueny caaaeueia aeeoo?caeaoi?noue i?ae?inoo. Ia oa?eoi??? i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie a?aei?iiino? a a?oioiaeo oiiaao, iia’ycai? c ia?aoiaeii a?ae Iie?nueei? aaiaioai?/ii? i?aei?ia?ioe?? aei Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?niai? oa Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai?, iathoue iaea?eueoee aieea ia noai ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo A. platanoides. O i??o c?inoaiiy iiooaeiino? aoioniaiai ai?eciioo a iieiaeeo eeaie?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy cia/aiue oaeeo ii?oiia?aiao??a ye o?oiiana, aenioa, e?euee?noue eenoe?a, a?aeiioaiiy aenioe aei ae?aiao?a noaaea ? an?o iieaciee?a oaeaeeino? ?inoo. Iane?aeeii i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeth/ino? a?oio?a ? ca?eueoaiiy aeeoo?caeaoiino? i?ae?inoo. Aeey io?eiaiiy a?eueo iiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aieea a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia ia noai i?ae?inoo aea?aaieo ii??ae, ui aea/aeeny, aoa aeei?enoaiee ? iai?yiee a?aae??ioiee aiae?c, a oaeiae oi?o?eiaai? o?oi?iaeeeaoe?ei? oeaee, ?ic?iaeai? ni?a?ia?oieeaie a?aeae?eo aeieia?? o?oinenoai ?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A.Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie. Aeey eiaeiiai i?noeac?inoaiiy i?ae?inoo Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. plataniides io?eiaee ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i eiai oa?iiee?iao, iia?iee?iao, aieia?noue, eeneioi?noue oa canieai?noue a?oio?a, a oaeiae i?i ai?no o ieo acioo ? ea?aiiao?a. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie o?oi?iaeeeaoe?? aoea i?iaaaeaia i?aeeiaoe?y iiioeyoe?e i?ae?inoo aeoaa, ynaia ? eeaia a iaeii- oa aeaiaei??iiio i?inoi?? aeaieo /eiiee?a. Aiia iieacaea, ui iaea?eueo ianoiaeeie ca noaiii aoee iiioeyoe?? Iie?nueei? ? Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai? aaiaioai?/ieo i?aei?ia?ioe?e. ?ici?uaiiy iiioeyoe?e i?ae?inoo a i?onoi?? naie i?ia?aeieo aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi oe?ioii-ciiaeueieo ci?i o i?e?iaeieo eiiieaenao i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie. Oeth iniaeea?noue aeia?a iii?oii i?ae /an i?aeeiaoe?? iiioeyoe?e o i?inoi?? /eiiee?a oa?ii- oa iia?iee?iaoo, eeneioiino? a?oio?a ? ai?noo a ieo acioo oa ea?aiiao?a. Ia? i?noea ye caaaeueiee eiioeiooi ia?aoiaeo a?ae iiioeyoe?e iaei??? aaiaioai?/ii? i?aei?ia?ioe?? aei ?ioi?, oae ? /?oea a?aeie?aieai?noue iiioeyoe?e eiaeii? aaiaioai?/ii? i?aei?ia?ioe??. I?aeeiaoe?y iiioeyoe?e ii?yae c oe?ioii-ciiaeueieie caeiiii??iinoyie a?aeia?aaea? ?io?aciiaeueiee aieea oa noaa?e?coth/o ae?th e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua, aeoaea /?oei oey iniaeea?noue aeyaey?oueny i?ae /an i?aeeiaoe?? a i?inoi?? /eiieea aieiaino? a?oio?a oa eiai eiia?iaoe?e c ?ioeie /eiieeaie. I?aeeiaoe?y iiioeyoe?e i?ae?inoo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae a aaaaoiaei??iiio i?inoi?? iaoiaeii iiey?ii? a?neiineinueei? i?aeeiaoe?? ia inyo “x” i “y” i?iaeaiiino?oaaea iinooiiaa ca?eueoaiiy ?ici??o iniaei i?ae?inoo A. platanoides i?ae /an ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaei??? aei ?ioi? anioe?aoe?? a oaeiio ii?yaeeo: Betuletum vacciniosum (Iie?nueea i?aei?ia?ioe?y) Betuletum asarosum Fraxinetum stellariosum Acereto -Tilieto - Quercetum mercurialidoso - aegopodiosum (Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?niaa) Fraxinetum coryloso - aegopodiosum (Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?ninoaiiaa), i, ye na?ae/eoue a?oae?oaoiee aiae?c, aeeoo?caeaoi?noue iniaei oaeiae c?inoa? (?iaeaen Q ca?eueoo?oueny a?ae 0,04 aei 0,40). Iie?auaiiy yeino? i?ae?inoo ia aeaiiio oeaiieeei? eaea ia?aeaeueii c? ca?eueoaiiyi o iaaeao aeaieo o?oioeaiic?a ?aae?aoe?eiiai aaeaino (a?ae 7,75 aei 8,68 aae?a), e?eueeino? acioo a a?oio? (a?ae 4,90 aei 6,80 aae?a) oa eoaeiino? a?oio?a (a?ae 6,41 aei 8,26 aae?a). Iaea??ia?aei?oa, ui oey a?oia /eiiee?a, ?, a ia?oo /a?ao oa?iiee?iao, aecia/athoue ye?noue ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo A. platanoides ia oa?eoi??? i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie. O Iie?nuee?e aaiaioai?/i?e i?aei?ia?ioe?? i?ae iieiaii e?no cono??/athoueny o?eueee iiiaeeiie?, aeoaea i?eai?/ai? iniaeie F. excelsior, a i?aaeaii?oa, a Na?aaeiuei?in?enuee?e e?nia?e oa e?ninoaiia?e i?aei?ia?ioe?yo, aea ?aae?aoe?eiee aaeain ioe?ith?oueny a?eueo i?ae a 8,60 aae?a, a aea?iiai-i?aecieeno? a?oioe ci?iththoueny n??eie e?niaeie, ui iathoue iaioo eeneioi?noue oa a?eueoee ai?no acioo ? ea?aiiao?a, o e?n? c’yaey?oueny aeineoue aaaaoi/eneaiiee ? ye?niee i?ae??no F. excelsior, caeaoiee o iaeaooiueiio ia?aeoe c o?aa’yiiai y?ono a y?on aea?aainoaio. Oa?iiee?iao oa ??aaiue ?iaeth/ino? a?oio?a - oea /eiieee, ui ci?uothoue ciio no?eeiai a?aeiiaeaiiy F. excelsior ia i?aaeaiue, o Na?aaeiuei?in?enueeo e?niao ? e?ninoaiiao i?aei?ia?ioe??. Iiey?ia a?neiineinueea i?aeeiaoe?y iieacaea, ui a oeeo aeaio aaiaioai?/ieo i?aei?ia?ioe?yo ia oeaiieeei? Acereto-Tilieto-Quercetum mercurialidoso-aegopodiosum - Fraxinetum stellariosum - Tilietum impatientosum (Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?niaa i?aei?ia?ioe?y) - Fraxinetum aegopodiosum - Acereto-Tilieto-Fraxinetum aegopodiosum (Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?ninoaiiaa) a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy ?ici??o iniaei i?ae?inoo F. excelsior oa iia??oaiiy ?o yeino? (?iaeaen Q cieaeo?oueny c 0,39 aei 0,10). Ia iniia? ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a iiey?ii? a?neiineinueei? i?aeeiaoe?? c ?acoeueoaoaie i?aeeiaoe?? iiioeyoe?e i?ae?inoo F. excelsior a aeaiaei??iiio i?inoi?? i?ia?aeieo aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a aoa c?iaeaiee aeniiaie i?i oa, ui aeeoo?caeaoi?noue i?ae?inoo ynaia ia oa?eoi??? i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie a iaaeao Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?niai? oa e?ninoaiiai? i?aei?ia?ioe?e aeoaea neeueii caeaaeeoue a?ae ii?aeiaiiy aieiaino? a?oio?a ? iia?iee?iaoo. ?o iioeioi aeey i?ae?inoo F. excelsior aeinyaiooi o ia?ao?aei?e cii? a?ae Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?niai? aei Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai? i?aei?ia?ioe??. C?inoaiiy a?eaeiino? ee?iaoo ia i?aaeaiue a?ae oeueiai ?aa?iio ? iaei??th ?c aieiaieo i?e/ei, ui caaaaea? oni?oiiio a?aeiiaeaiith F. excelsior a oiiaao Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai? i?aei?ia?ioe??. O Q. robur a?aeaoaa?oueny iinooiiaa ca?eueoaiiy ?ici??o iniaei i?ae?inoo ia oeaiieeei?: Quercetum convallariosum (Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?niaa i?aei?ia?ioe?y) - Pinetum pleuroziosum (Iie?nueea) Quercetum fragariosum (Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?ninoaiiaa) Pineto - Quercetum vacciniosum (Iie?nueea). AEeoo?caeaoi?noue i?ae?inoo ia aeaiiio oeaiieeei? oaeiae c?inoa? (?iaeaen Q ca?eueoo?oueny a?ae 0,16 aei 0,32). O aeoaa cae/aeiiai ia niinoa??aa?oueny yne?aai ae?aaeaieo ci?i yeino? i?ae?inoo, coiiaeaieo ia?aoiaeii c i?aii/? ia i?aaeaiue iae?ia?aae??ioo, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aenieo oiea?aioi?noue i?ae?inoo Q. robur aei oe?ioii-ciiaeueieo ci?i ia oa?eoi??? i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie. I?aenoieiaa ?ioi?iaoe?y uiaei aieeao aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a ia a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae iaaaaeaia a oaaeeoe? 4.1. Oaaeeoey 4.1 - Oa?aeoa? aieeao aieiaieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo /eiiee?a ia a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae a oiiaao i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie1 *eiieeNa?o-eiOa?ii- ee?iaoIia?i- ee?iaoNoai a?oiooIi?iaeaaiei-a?noueeen-eio-i?noueai?no Nai?no ea?aiiao?acaniea-i?noueQ. robur+++++++++ + +-F. excelsior+++++++++++++++++-A. platano-ides+++++++++++++++- 1. +++ - /eiiee ia? aeoaea neeueiee aieea, ++ - /eiiee ia? nooo?aee aieea, + - /eiiee ia? neaaeee aieea, - - /eiiee ia ia? aieeao. 4.3. No?oeoo?iaai?noue o?oioeaiioe/iiai oa oiiia?ao?/iiai eiioeiooi?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith R- oa Q-oaoi?ee eeanoa?iiai aiae?co aoei i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy ae?aaeaiino? aeaio aieiaieo eaoaai??e eiioeiooio: o?oioeaiioe/iiai ? oiiia?ao?/iiai a 14 ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiiyo, ia i?eeeaae? yeeo i?iaiaeeeinue aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae i?ioiaeaeaiiy i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy Q. robur, F. excelsior i A. platanoides a oiiaao i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aai?caoe?y eiioeiooi?a a?aeiia?aea? caaaeueiiio i?aaeeo: o?oioeaiioe/iee eiioeiooi oi?ioaaany ye iiiieeanoa?ia ooai?aiiy, oiiia?ao?/iee - ye iie?eeanoa?ia. 4.4. Oeaiioe/i? ca’ycee. Aea/aiiy aieeao eiiiiiaio?a o?aa’yii-iioiaiai y?ono ia i?e?iaeia a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae i?iaiaeeeinue ca iaaiith noaiith. Ia?oei aoaiii a ioe?ioe? oeaiioe/ieo aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae i?ae?inoii ? o?aaaie noaei aea/aiiy anioe?eiaaiino?. ?iaeaen anioe?eiaaiino? I/?a? ae?aoiaoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith iaeaoo “Statecol”, aeei?enoiaoth/e aeai? i?i iayai?noue ia ae?eyieao 0,25 i2 i?ae?inoo ? aeae?a o?aa’yiiai y?ono. Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aeey aeae?a, i?iaeoeaia iie?eooy yeeo neeueii eieeaaeiny, ca aeiiiiiaith ei?aeyoe?eiiai oa ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?c?a aoa aeaoaeueii aea/aiee oa?aeoa? aieeao ?o ?yniino? ?, a oe?eiio, iica?/iino? e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a ia /enaeuei?noue, ii?oieia?/io no?oeoo?o oa aeeoo?caeaoi?noue i?ae?inoo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae. ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue, ui oa?aeoa? anioe?eiaaiino? a iaai?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae oeio iiioeyoe?eii? iiaaae?iee aeanoeai? i?ae?inoo ? o?aaai. Ia i?ae??no Q. robur iathoue iaaaoeaiee aieea Rubus saxatilis L., Veronica chamaedrys L., Deschampsia caespitosa (L.) Beauv. , ia i?ae?ino A. platanoides - Stellaria holostea L., Asarum europaeum L., Aegopodium podagraria L., Impatiens noli-tangere L., Vaccinium myrtillus L. oa aoaia?i?aee, F. excelsior - aoaia?i?aee, Mercurialis perennis L., Asarum europaeum, Aegopodium podagraria, Veronica chamaedros. I?ae aieeaii i?e?ioa?oioaaiue oeeo aeae?a o i?ae?inoo a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy aaee/ei ia?aaaaeath/i? a?eueoino? noaoe/ieo ? aeeiai?/ieo ii?oiia?aiao??a, ciaioaiiy iniaei, oiia?eueiaiiy oaeaeeino? ?inoo, cieaeaiiy aeeoo?caeaoiino? ? u?eueiino? iniaei ia ieiuao a?aeiiaeaiiy. 4.5. Caaaeueiee aiae?c nenoaie /eiiee?a. Caaaeueiee aiae?c nenoaie a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ? oeaiioe/ieo /eiiee?a, ye? eiio?ieththoue iiia?aaei? i?e?iaeia a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae ia i?ai?/iiio noiae? Oe?a?ie, aea? iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe aeieiai-oeaiioe/iee iioeioi aeey i?ae?inoo Q. robur, F. excelsior oa A. platanoides. Iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaeie aeey i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy Q. robur ? e?nia? o?oioeaiice c ina?oeai?noth 8-10 %, ?aae?aoe?eiei aaeainii 37,5-42,2 eeae/ni2/ ??e, a?oioaie c ?I 4,5-6,5 ? ai?noii i?ia?aeueiiai acioo 0,2-0,3 %, aeey A. platanoides - c ina?oeai?noth 10-15 %, ?aae?aoe?eiei aaeainii 43,4-43,9 eeae/ni2/ ??e, a?oioaie c ?I 5,5-6,5 ? ai?noii i?ia?aeueiiai acioo 0,3-0,4 %, F. excelsior - ina?oeai?noth 3-5 %, ?aae?aoe?eiei aaeainii 43,1-43,4 eeae/ni2/ ??e, e?euee?noth iiaae?a, ui ia?aaeuo? aeia?iaoaai?noue, ?I 5,5-6,5, e?euee?noth acioo 0,3 %. Iaeni?eyoeea?oith aeey an?o o?ueio ii??ae ? aieia?noue a?oio?a o 12 aae?a (ca oi?o?eiaaieie aeieia?/ieie oeaeaie ss.I.Ae?aeooa, 1994). Aenieith e?euee?noth oa ye?noth aoaea oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny i?ae??no oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae ?c e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a, caaaeueia i?iaeoeaia iie?eooy aeeaiai iaaea?oioiaiai iie?eao o yeeo ia ia?aaeuo? 50-55 %. Aeey i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy Q. robur iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaeie ? ia?oeaee c iaaenieith ?yni?noth Convallaria majalis L., Fragaria vesca L. oa caeaieo iio?a, F. excelsior - Stellaria holostea L., Galium odoratum (L.) Scop., A. platanoides - Viola mirabilis L., Galium odoratum. ?icae?e 5. I?iaiicoaaiiy noaio e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie a iaaeao aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iae?ia?aae??ioo 5.1. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co c?a?aieo iaoa??ae?a aeinoia??ii anoaiiaeaii, ui e?euee?noue i?ae?inoo a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia ? iaiaaeoth/ei /eiieeii oni?oiiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy i?ioeano naiia?aeiiaeaiiy e?n?a. *enaeuei?noue i?ae?inoo o cae/aeieo oiiaao ? iaaeeeoeiaith, ? ia?ao?ae o??? /e ?ioi? aea?aaii? ii?iaee a neeaae aei?ineiai aea?aainoaio aecia/a?oueny ia iaaeinoaoiueith e?euee?noth ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo, a eiai ye?noth: caeaoi?noth aei ?inoo oa caaaeueiith aeeoo?a?noth. I?ae /an i?iaiicoaaiiy noaio e?n?a ia o?e /e ?io?e oa?eoi???, ia’?eoeaii iaiao?aeiei ? aca?iiiia’ycaia a?aooaaiiy ye ye?nieo, oae ? e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo, yea iiaea aooe caaacia/aia anoaiiaeaiiyi e?eueeino? oa u?eueiino? ia ieiuao a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ae?inoo aeniei? aeeoo?caeaoiino? (eeano “a” a?oae?oaoo), yeee ia? an? iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? aeey aeaeeaaiiy a neeaae? o?aa’yiiai y?ono ? ia?aoiaeo a noai aaeeeiai i?ae?inoo oa aea?aainoaio. 5.2. I?iaiicoaaiiy noaio e?n?a. C o?aooaaiiyi aeaeiaiai neeaaeo ii??ae, ye? a?aeiiaeththoueny, e?eueeino? oa yeino? ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides, oa?eoi??y Noinueei? iaeano? a iaaeao iae?ia?aae??ioo, ui aea/aany, aoea iiae?eaia ia o?e /anoeie: i?ai?/io, oeaio?aeueio oa i?aaeaiio. I?ai?/ia /anoeia aeeth/a? Iie?nueeo aaiaioai?/io i?aei?ia?ioe?th oa /anoeio Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?niai?, ?icoaoiaaio i?ai?/i?oa e?i?? E?ieaaaoeue-Aeoo?a-*a?aiia, oeaio?aeueia - Na?aaeiuei?in?enueeo e?niao, ?icoaoiaaio i?aaeaii?oa oe??? e?i??, i?aaeaiia - Na?aaeiuei?in?enueeo e?ninoaiiao, i?ai?/i?oa ia?aeae? 500 50/ Ii.o. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co iniaeeainoae oa caeiiii??iinoae e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueiiai i?ioeano acaeiaae oe?ioiiai iae?ia?aae??ioo Iie?nueea - Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?niaa - Na?aaeiuei?in?enueea e?ninoaiiaa aaiaioai?/i? i?aei?ia?ioe??, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ia i?ai?/iiio noiae? Oe?a?ie ? iaiao?aei? oiiae aeey caaacia/aiiy aeiaaio?eaaeiai e no?eeiai ?nioaaiiy e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a. O i?ai?/i?e /anoei? iae?ia?aae??ioo a iaeaeeae/? aeanyoe??//y aoaea i?iyaeyoe naaa oaiaeaioe?y aei ?icoe?aiiy ieiu aeoaiai-niniiaeo oa aeoaiaeo e?n?a, a oeaio?aeuei?e - ca?eueooaaoeiaoueny ieoiia aaaa ynaiiaeo oa eeaiiai-ynaiiaeo e?n?a, o i?aaeaii?e - ca?eueoaiiy a neeaae? aea?aainoai?a A. platanoides ia oii? caaaeueiiai ciaioaiiy ieiu aeoaiaeo e?n?a. AENIIAEE 1. Ocaeiaae onueiai iae?ia?aae??ioo a?ae Iie?nueei? aaiaioai?/ii? i?aei?ia?ioe?? aei Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?ninoaiiai? u?euei?noue i?ae?inoo noaiiaeoue: Q. robur - 11600 - 60000 oo./aa, F. excelsior - 8000-172000 oo./aa, A. platanoides - 5300-30800 oo./aa. U?euei?noue i?ae?inoo ia ieiuao a?aeiiaeaiiy caeaaeeoue ye a?ae oe?ioiiai ?ici?uaiiy ia a?aae??io?, oae ? a?ae eiie?aoieo e?nioeiieia?/ieo oiia. 2. Ca oe?ioiei oa oeaiioe/iei a?aae??ioaie o i?ae?inoo caeiiii??ii ci?ith?oueny a?eueo?noue ii?oino?oeoo?ieo iciae. Ie?ai? iciaee ?aaaothoue ia ci?io i?e?iaeieo oiia aaoiiiiii. C o?aooaaiiyi ci?i aaee/ei e?euee?nieo iciae ii?oiaaiaco aaeaeiny neiino?othaaoe aeey a?eiai? a?oie ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo a 5-9 ?ie?a ii?oino?oeoo?i? iiaeae?, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue iaaiei eieonai oe?ioiiai iae?ia?aae??ioo ? oeiai e?niaeo o?oioeaiic?a. 3. Iaea?eueo niaoeeo?/ieie aeey a?oi i?ae?inoo Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides aenooiathoue ci?ie iane iaaecaiii? /anoeie, caaaeueiiai ?ici??o eenoiai? iiaa?oi?, oa o??? ?? /anoeie, ui i?eiaaea? ia iaeeieoeth o?oiiane, a oaeiae aeayeeo ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oaeaee?noue ?inoo. Oe? iciaee aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ye ae?aaiinoe/i? aeey ?iciiae?eo i?ae?inoo ca nooiaiyie ?o aeeoo?caeaoiino?. 4. Ca a?oae?oaoiith no?oeoo?ith iiioeyoe?? ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae iiae?eai? ia o?e eaoaai???: aeai?aneai?, a??aiiaaaeai? oa i?ioea?oath/?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeeoo?caeaoi?noue i?ae?inoo A. platanoides i?aeaeuoaaeanue acaeiaae iae?ia?aae??ioo c i?aii/? ia i?aaeaiue. O F. excelsior iaea?eueo aeniea aeeoo?caeaoi?noue i?ae?inoo aeanoeaa oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? iae?ia?aae??ioa a cii? Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? e?niai? i?aei?ia?ioe??. I?ae??no Q. robur ia iae?ia?aae??io? i?aaenoaaeaiee o?eueee a??aiiaaaeaieie aai aeai?aneaieie iiioeyoe?yie, iaeaeeoo?caeaoi?oee i?ae??no ca?a?no?iaaii ia i?ai?/i?e oa i?aaeaii?e iaaeao a?aae??ioa, oiaoi a Iie?nuee?e oa Na?aaeiuei?in?enuee?e e?ninoaiia?e aaiaioai?/ieo i?aei?ia?ioe?yo. 5. Ia ieiuao a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ae??no oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae ia? eiioaa?icia ?ici?uaiiy. 6. O oe?ieieenoyieo oa i?oaieo e?nao o?oioeaiioe/iee eiioeiooi ? iiiieeanoa?iith no?oeoo?ith, oiiia?ao?/iee - iie?eeanoa?iith. 7. I?e?iaeia a?aeiiaeaiiy Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides eiio?ieth?oueny ?aaeeiaie aieiaino? oa ina?oeaiino?, aeey A. platanoides aeiaeaoeiai nooo?aei ? oa?iiee?iao i?noeac?inoaiue, a aeey F. excelsior - ii?aeiaiiy oa?ii- ? iia?iee?iaoo, ui aeiaaaeaii oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeeee i?yiiai ? iai?yiiai a?aae??ioiiai aiae?co a ii?aeiaii? c iaoiaeii o?oi?iaeeeaoe??. 8. Aeiaaaeaii, ui i?e?iaeia a?aeiiaeaiiy Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides i?ae iieiaii e?no iaee?aua i?ioiaeeoue o e?niaeo oa?oiiaaiiyo ?c ?ic??aeaeaiei o?aa’yiei iie?eaii (ia a?eueoa 50-55%). I?ae??no A. platanoides iiceoeaii anioe?eiaaiee c Galium odoratum, Viola mirabilis, F. excelsior - Stellaria holostea, Galium odoratum, Q. robur - Convallaria majalis, Fragaria vesca oa caeaieie iioaie. I?ae??no an?o o?ueio ii??ae aeyaeany iaei no?eeei aei eiieo?aioiiai aieeao ceae?a oa eo/ieo o?aa. 9. O iaeaooiueiio ia oa?eoi??? i?ai?/ii-no?aeii? Oe?a?ie iiaeeeaa nei?i/aiiy ieiu, ui caeiyo? /enoeie aeoaiaeie e?naie, c iaeii/aniei ?icoe?aiiyi ieiu ynaiiaeo ?, iniaeeai, eeaiiaeo e?n?a. C o?aooaaiiyi noai?aiiy a ?aa?ii? Aeaniyinueei-Noa?iaoonueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiai ia?eo, aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee i?ia?ai ni?eyiiy i?e?iaeiiio a?aeiiaeaiith e?n?a, ye? aeeiiothoue ia cao?aeieo a?ae?iaao Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? aeni/eie aaaeeeao aiaei?aaoethth/o ooieoe?th. NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E 1. Ceiaei TH.A., Neey? A.A., Iaeueiee O.E. Eiioeaioeey eiioeiooia e a?aaeeaioiue aiaeec ia o?iaia iniaae e iiioeyoeee ?anoaiee // AEo?i. iau. aeie. - 1996. - O. 57, ? 6. - N. 684-694. 2. Ceiaei TH.A., Neey? A.A. Niioiioaiea oeoioeaiioe/aneiai e oiiia?aoe/aneiai eiioeiooiia a oe?ieieenoaaiiuo eanao // Yeieiaey. - 1997. - ? 3. - N. 224-227. 3. Neey? A.A. A?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae a e?nao aanaeio ?. Aeanie // A?niee Noinueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. - Noie, 1997. - Aei. 1. - N. 47-49. 4. Neey? A.A. Noai i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy aeoaa cae/aeiiai ia i?ai?/iiio noiae? Oe?a?ie // A?niee Noinueeiai aea?ae. aa?a?iiai oi-oo. - Noie, 1998. - Aei. 2. - N. 60-62. 5. Neey? A.A., Neey? TH.E. A?oae?oaoia no?oeoo?a iiioeyoe?e Asarum europaeum L. a ??cieo e?ni?ineeiieo oiiaao // A?niee Noinueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. - Noie, 1997. - Aei. 1. - N. 49-51. 6. Neey? A.A., Iai/aiei N.I. Oei?enoe/i? ciao?aeee ia oa?eoi??? Noinueei? iaeano? // A?niee Noinueeiai aea?ae. aa?a?iiai oi-oo. Na?.:Aa?iiii?y ? A?ieia?y. -Noie, 1999.- Aei. 3. - N. 110-113. 7. Aaooiaee I.A., Aeoaiiin A.I., Neey? A.A. Eeth/ia? ii?oiia?aiao?e iiioeyoe?e Aegopodium podagraria L. a ae?a?iaao Noinueei? iaeano? // Iaoa??aee eiio. “Iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??”. - Noie, 1995. - N. 142. 8. Neey? A.A. Aieea ia i?e?iaeia aiaeiiaeaiiy aeoaa cae/aeiiai ??cieo e?ni?ineeiieo oiia // Iaoa??aee eiio. “Iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??”. - Noie, 1995. - N. 135. 9. Neey? A.A. Ninoiyiea iiioeyoeee aeoaa /a?ao/aoiai a ?aciuo yeieiai-oeaiioe/aneeo oneiaeyo // Oac. aeiee. V iao/iie eiio. iaiyoe i?ioanni?a A.A.O?aiiaa: “Iiioeyoeee e niiauanoaa ?anoaiee: yeieiaey, aei?aciiia?acea, iiieoi?eia”, (Eino?iia, 16-19 ieoya?y, 1996 a.). - *anoue 1. - Eino?iia, 1996. - N.170. 10. Neey? A.A. A?aeiiaeaiiy ynaia cae/aeiiai a Noinuee?e iaeano? // Iaoa??aee O c’?caeo Oe?. aioai. oia-noaa: “I?iaeaie aioai?ee ? i?eieia?? ia ii?ic? o?aoueiai oeny/ie?ooy”, (Iieoaaa, 22-23 o?aaiy, 1997 ?.). - E. - Iieoaaa, 1997. - N. 254-255. 11. Neey? A.A. Iniaaiiinoe anoanoaaiiiai aiciaiiaeaiey oe?ieieenoaaiiuo ii?iae a Noa?iaooneii eaniii ianneaa // Iaoa??aee iaoe.-i?aeo. nai?ia?o “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie noai?aiiy Aeaniyinueei-Noa?iaoonueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ia?eo oa oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy”, (Na?aaeeia-Aoaea, 19-20 eenoiiaaea, 1997 ?.). - E., 1998. - N. 73-77. 12. Neey? A.A. *eiieee, ye? eiio?ieththoue i?e?iaeia a?aeiiaeaiiy Acer platanoides L. ia i?ai?/iiio noiae? Oe?a?ie // Iaoa??aee eiio. iieiaeeo a/aieo: “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy aioai?ee oa aeieia??”, (Oa?nii-Eaco?ia, 7-11 aa?aniy 1998 ?.). - Oa?nii, 1998. - N. 126-127. Aia?oa aeey i?ai?/ii-no?aeii? Oe?a?ie i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae, caeiiii??iinoae oa oaiaeaioe?e i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy iniiaieo e?niooai?thth/eo oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae ?aa?iio: Quercus robur L., Fraxinus excelsior L., Acer platanoides L. A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiue aoei iieeaaeaii oyaeaiiy i?i oa, ui aeiey i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy e?n?a ae??oo?oueny ia ??ai? ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo, yeee ?icaeyaeaany ye ie?aia noaoeaiiiiioeyoe?y a?aeiia?aeiiai aeaeo. Ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iiioeyoe?eiiai aiae?co io?eiaia eiiieaenia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i noai e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueiiai i?ioeano ia oa?eoi??? i?ai?/ii-no?aeii? Oe?a?ie, iniiaieie e?eoa??yie ioe?iee yeiai aenooiaee u?euei?noue, o?aieyiiy, i?inoi?iaa ?ici?uaiiy oa ye?noue i?ae?inoo, ui oi?io?oueny i?ae iieiaii e?no. I?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy ieanoe/iino?, i?ieeaino? i?ae?inoo, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaeoe aeey ??cieo oei?a e?ni?ineeiieo oiia iaae?ei? iiaeae? iniaei oa anoaiiaeoe ia’?eoeai? e?euee?ni? e?eoa??? aeey ii??aiyiiy noaio noaoeaiiiiioeyoe?e ae??aiiai i?ae?inoo a ??cieo oeiao e?ni?ineeiieo oiia. Caaaeyee ii?aeiaiith iiioeyoe?eiiai, a?aae??ioiiai (i?yiiai e iai?yiiai) oa ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?c?a aeae?eai? aeieiai-oeaiioe/i? iioeioie aeey i?e?iaeiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?ieieenoyieo ii??ae a oiiaao i?ai?/iiai noiaeo Oe?a?ie. Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o?oioeaiioe/iiai oa oiiia?ao?/iiai eiioeiooi?a o e?niaeo aeinenoaiao. Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaiicoaaiiy noaio e?n?a oa iaaeaiee i?iaiic ci?ie e?niaeo aeinenoai aea/a?ii? oa?eoi??? Aia?aua aeey naaa?i-ainoi/iie Oe?aeiu i?iaaaeaii eco/aiea iniaaiiinoae, caeiiiia?iinoae e oaiaeaioeee anoanoaaiiiai aiciaiiaeaiey iniiaiuo eaniia?acothueo oe?ieieenoaaiiuo ii?iae ?aaeiia: Quercus robur L., Fraxinus excelsior L., Acer platanoides L. A iniiao enneaaeiaaiee iieiaeaia oi/ea c?aiey i oii, /oi noaeueaa anoanoaaiiiai aiciaiiaeaiey eania ?aoaaony ia o?iaia iaeeiai iiae?inoa (iaoiaeyuaainy a y?ona o?aayii-iioiaiai iie?iaa e eiathuaai aunioo aei 0,5 i), eioi?ue ?anniao?eaaeny eae naiinoiyoaeueiay noaoeaiiiiioeyoeey niioaaonoaothuaai aeaea. Eco/aieai aue ioaa/ai aeinoaoi/ii aieueoie ?aaeii, a i?aaeaeao eioi?iai aue noi?ie?iaai oe?ioiue yeieiai-oeaiioe/aneee a?aaeeaio, aeeth/athuee 3 aaiaioaie/aneea iiaei?iaeioeee: Iieanneoth, N?aaeia?onneoth Aa?iiaeneie oe?ieieenoaaiii-eaniie iaeanoe, N?aaeia?onneoth Aa?iiaenei-Neae?neie eaninoaiiie iaeanoe. Ia iniiaaiee eniieueciaaiey iiioeyoeeiiiiai aiaeeca iieo/aia eiiieaeniay eioi?iaoeey i ninoiyiee anoanoaaiiiai aiciaiiaeaiey oe?ieieenoaaiiuo ii?iae, iniiaiuie e?eoa?eyie ioeaiee eioi?iai aunooiaee ieioiinoue, i?ino?ainoaaiiia ?aciauaiea e ea/anoai iiae?inoa, oi?ie?othuaainy iiae iieiaii eana. Ieioiinoue iiae?inoa ia ieiuaaeyo aiciaiiaeaiey ninoaaeyao: Q. robur – 11600 – 60000 oo./aa, F. excelsior - 8000 – 172000 oo./aa, A. ?latanoides – 5300 – 30800 oo./aa. Iiae?ino eiaao eiioaaeiciia ?aciauaiea. A oiaea i?ioeanna iiyaeaiey e nio?aiaiey iiae?inoa iiae iieiaii eana i?iyaeyaony caaeneiinoue eae io iieiaeaiey ia oe?ioiii a?aaeeaioa, oae e io eiie?aoiuo eanioeiieiae/aneeo oneiaee. Aaee/eiu iniiaiuo noaoe/aneeo e aeeiaie/aneeo ii?oiia?aiao?ia, o/eouaaaoeony o iaeeiai iiae?inoa Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides, noaoenoe/anee cia/eii iaiythony eae ii a?aaeeaioo a oeaeii, oae e ii ioaeaeueiui ?anoeoaeueiui annioeeaoeeyi. ?aaae?iaaiea ioaeaeueiuo i?eciaeia ia eciaiaiea yeieiai-oeaiioe/aneeo oneiaee auei aaoiiiiiui. N o/aoii oeie/iuo eciaiaiee cia/aiee eiee/anoaaiiuo i?eciaeia ii?oiaaiaca neiino?oe?iaaiu aeey aic?anoiie a?oiiu iaeeiai iiae?inoa a 5-9 eao ii?oino?oeoo?iua iiaeaee, ioaa/athuea ii?aaeaeaiiui eieonai oe?ioiiai iae?ia?aaeeaioa e oeiai eaniuo oeoioeaiicia. Iaeaieaa niaoeeoe/iuie aeey a?oii iiae?inoa Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides auee eciaiaiey oeoiiannu ?anoaiee, iauaai ?acia?a eenoiaie iiaa?oiinoe, ?acia?a eenoiaie iiaa?oiinoe, i?eoiaeyuaeny ia aaeeieoeo oeoiiannu, e iaeioi?uo ii?oiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia, oa?aeoa?ecothueo oaiiu ?inoa iiae?inoa. Yoe i?eciaee ieacaeinue aiciiaeiui eniieueciaaoue eae aeeaaiinoe/aneea aeey iiae?acaeaeaiey iiae?inoa ia a?oiiu ea/anoaa. I?eiaiaiea aeoaeeoaoiiai aiaeeca e iaeeiio iiae?inoo oe?ieieenoaaiiuo ii?iae iicaieeei ?acaeaeeoue aai iiioeyoeee ia o?e aeoaeeoaoiua eaoaai?ee: aeai?anneaiua, ?aaiiaaniua e i?ioeaaoathuea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi o iiae?inoa A. platanoides ea/anoai iiioeyoeee aic?anoaei i?e i?iaeaeaeaiee ii iae?ia?aaeeaioo n naaa?a ia tha. O iiae?inoa F. excelsior iaeaieaa aunieia ea/anoai iiioeyoeee naienoaaiii oeaio?aeueiie /anoe a?aaeeaioa a ciia N?aaeia?onneie eaniie aaiaioaie/aneie iiaei?iaeioeee. Iiioeyoeee iiae?inoa Q. robur i?aaenoaaeaiu oieueei eaoaai?eyie ?aaiiaaniay eee aeai?anneaiay, aieaa aunieiea/anoaaiiua iiioeyoeee n i?aiaeaaeaieai a eo ninoaaa iniaae aunieie aeecianiiniaiinoe auee ioia/aiu ia naaa?iuo e thaeiuo eiioeao a?aaeeaioa, oi anoue a Iieanneie e N?aaeia?onneie eaninoaiiie iiaei?iaeioeeyo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a eaniuo yeinenoaiao oeoioeaiioe/aneee eiioeiooi aunooiaao eae iiiieeanoa?iia ia?aciaaiea, oiiia?aoe/aneee - iieeeeanoa?iia. I?eiaiaiea iaoiaeeee i?yiiai a?aaeeaioiiai aiaeeca a ni/aoaiee n iaoiaeii oeoieiaeeeaoeee, iieacaei, /oi aeey ninoiyiey iaeeiai iiae?inoa Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides aaaeoueie yeieiae/aneeie oaeoi?aie yaeythony ?aaeeiu aeaaeiinoe e inaauaiiinoe. Aeey iiae?inoa A. platanoides aeiiieieoaeueii nouanoaaiai oa?iieeeiao ianoiiaeoaiee, a aeey iiae?inoa F. excelsior – ni/aoaiea oa?ii- e iia?ieeeiaoa. I?e ?anniio?aiee ?iee oeaiioe/aneeo oaeoi?ia, aicaeaenoaothueo iiae iieiaii eana ia iaeeee iiae?ino oe?ieieenoaaiiuo ii?iae, onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?aaeaa?eoaeueiia anoanoaaiiia aiciaiiaeaiea Q. robur, F. excelsior, A. platanoides eo/oa anaai i?ioaeaao a eaniuo niiauanoaao n ec?aaeaiiui o?aayiui iie?iaii n i?iaeoeaiui iie?uoeai ia aieaa 50-55 %. Iiae?ino A. platanoides iieiaeeoaeueii annioeee?iaai n Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. e Viola mirabilis L., F. excelsior - ni Stellaria holostea L., G. odoratum, a iiae?ino Q. robur - n Convallaria majalis L., Fragaria vesca L. e caeaiuie ioaie. Iiae?ino anao aeaeia oe?ieieenoaaiiuo ii?iae aue iaei onoie/ea e eiieo?aioiiio aicaeaenoaeth ceaeia e eoaiauo o?aa. Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca eiee/anoaa iaeeiai iiae?inoa e ea/anoaa aai iiioeyoeee ieacaeinue aiciiaeiui ?ac?aaioaoue i?iaiic aeeiaieee eaniuo oeoioeaiicia naaa?i-ainoiea Oe?aeiu. Ii, a /anoiinoe, i?aaeiieaaaao nie?auaiea ieiuaaeae, caieiaaiuo /enouie aeoaiauie eanaie, n iaeiia?aiaiiui ?anoe?aieai ieiuaaeae ynaiaauo e, iniaaiii, eeaiiauo eania. N o/aoii nicaeaiey a ?aaeiia Aeaniyinei-Noa?iaooneiai iaoeeiiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiai ia?ea, ieacuaaaony iaiaoiaeeiie ?ac?aaioea i?ia?aii niaeaenoaey anoanoaaiiiio aiciaiiaeaieth eania, auiieiythueo ia caiaaeiuo io?iaao N?aaeia?onneie aicauoaiiinoe aaaeioth aiaei?aaoee?othuoth ooieoeeth. The investigation of peculiarities, conformities and tendencies of the natural regrowth of fundamental deciduous races Quercus robur L., Fraxinus excelsior L., Acer platanoides L. has been held in North-East of Ukraine’s territory for the first time. An idea of the forest regrowth owing to little growth has been taken as an essential principle. Little growth was examined as the species’ separate subpopulation. Having used population analysis, we received complex information about the state of the regrowth process in North-East of Ukraine’s territory. The basic criteria of its valuation were proximity, accidental, spatial placing and quality of growth which formed under the forest cover. It has been developed the elaborate investigation of plasticity, changeability of plants. That investigation let us work out firm models of plants for different types of forestvegetative conditions and set up objective quantitative criteria for comparison of the subpopulations state of little growth in different types forestvegetativ conditions. Ecology-cenotic optimums for the natural regrowth of deciduous races in Ukraine’s North-East conditions were marked out owing to combining populations, gradiental (direct and indirect) and retrograde analyses. It has been researched structure of phytocenotic and topographical continuum in forest. We offered new methodical points of view to predicting of the forests’ state and showed the forecast of changing of the forest ecosystems in that territory.

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