Поняття ‘соціально-педагогічне’ в категоріальному апараті соціального пізнання: Автореф. дис… канд. філос. наук / О.П. Скляров, Ін-т філос. ім. Г.С.

6

?INOEOOO O?EINIO?? ?i. A.N.NEIAI?IAeE

IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

NEEss?IA Ieaenaiae? Iao?iae/

OAeE 101.1::316

IIIssOOss

«NIOe?AEUeII-IAAeAAIA?*IA»

A EAOAAI??AEUeIIIO AIA?AO?

NIOe?AEUeIIAI I?CIAIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.03 — nioe?aeueia o?einio?y

oa o?einio?y ?noi???

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Ee?a 2000

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? oa nioe?ieia?? Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Iaea?aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?
Ua?aeia-sseiae?aa Ieaia THoei?aia, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith
nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei?
ni?aae (i.Noie)

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

1. Aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeaaeai?e AII Oe?a?ie Cycthi ?aai
Aiae??eiae/, aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii?
ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a)

2. Aeieoi? nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe, Ieeeiaiei Aaea??e ?aaaiiae/, i?ia?aeiee
ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo nioe?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oeaio? aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe IAI Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 21 n?/iy 2000 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.161.02 i?e ?inoeooo? o?einio?? ?i.
A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a — 1, aoe.
O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
o?einio?? ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: (252001, Ee?a —
1, aoe. O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 20 a?oaeiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.A.NEOIE*AIEI

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaeoie non?i?euenoaa — oea oa
noa?a aoooy, yea nueiaiaei? oo?ao?, ciooo? noaaeoe ieoaiiy a?eueoo
/anoeio ethaenoaa. Iiynieoe caeiie nioe?aeueiiai ?nioaaiiy, uia
c?icoi?oe i?iaeaie ia o?eueee noni?euei?, aea e iniaeno?, yeithnue
i??ith iaaooe iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaoe iaeaeeae/a iaeaooi?, ea?oaaoe
oi/a a aieiaieie /eiieeaie, ye? neeaaeathoue ooiaeaiaio ii?iaeueiiai
ethaenueeiai aeeooy, — iaaaeueia iio?aaa.

Ia aeaeue, iiee ui ia ia?iaeeeanue oaea iaoeiaa oai??y, yea a iiaiith
i??ith iiynieea an? oa?iieoe? nioe?aeueii? oi?ie ?ooo. Caea?oueny,
iauiaeaaii aeeoae? oinoi? /anoeie nooiaeieo a??eee a ?noeii?noue «?aeeii
iaoeiaiai» ia?enenonueei-eai?inueeiai a/aiiy i?i noni?euenoai. I?ioa
ia?iuaiiy cano?eieo yaeu oa ianooiia aa?oiaeaeaiiy a aiioo
noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ii? oa iie?oe/ii? e?ece i?eioneee c?icoi?oe, ui
ia?eneci-eai?i?ci aeaeaei ia iaiia??oeiee, i?noeoue /eiaei iiieeeiaeo
iieiaeaiue oa ooii?/ieo nioe?aeueieo i?iaiic?a.

Iiaa i?iaeoeoeaia iaoiaeieia?/ia ?aeay — iaia’yceiaa oiiaa i?ia?ano
iaoeiaiai ciaiiy. ?ioeie neiaaie, ie a ciiaee e?aua i?ciaoe
noni?euenoai, yeae ciiaee iiaeeaeoenue ia iueiai ii-iiaiio, c iacae/iiai
aieo, ica?i?aoenue ianoaiaea?oiith ?aea?th, iao?aaeeoe?eiei
iaoiaeieia?/iei i?aeoiaeii. *e iiaeia aeyaeoe oaeee iaoiaeieia?/iee
i?aeo?ae, yeee ia aeei?enoiaoaaany aai iaei aeei?enoiaoaaany aein? a
nioe?aeueiiio i?ciaii?, ia iiaoi?thth/e oiai, ui aaea ?iaeeinue aei ian?

Iai oyaey?oueny, ui ? oaea noa?a noni?eueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, yea
a?aeiinii ??aeei noaaaea i?aaeiaoii iaoeiaiai, iniaeeai o?einionueeiai
i?ciaiiy, iaeiaea/aia, oi/a e ia? aaee/acia cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa. Oey noa?a — caeiiii??iino? ?icai?oaiiy a ?noi??? i?ioeana
oi?ioaaiiy ethaeeie, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoueny iiiyooyi
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia».

Ethaeeia oi?io?oueny ia eeoa oiae?, eiee ?? ooinue oe?eani?yiiaaii
iaa/a? aai aeoiao?. Ethaeeio ye ?iaeea?aea c ?? iniaeeaei noaaeaiiyi aei
na?oo, iio?aaaie, ai?iiyie ae?yoe, oyaeaiiyie, oe?eyie oi?io?
neeaaeia nenoaia /eiiee?a, i?e/ei, oiia. A oeth nenoaio aoiaeyoue on?
aeaiaioe eoeueoo?iiai na?aaeiaeua: i?eeiyo? a iaaiiio noni?euenoa? ii?ie
ni?aaeeooy, ii?aeuei? oe?iiino?, ianoaiiae iiaaae?iee, oi?ie
ieneaiiy, iiaa, i?aaeea caaaeueiiethaenueei? eia?ee. A ia? aoiaeyoue an?
aeaiaioe aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua: ?nioth/? a iaaiiio eiie?aoiiio
noni?euenoa? niiniae ae?iaieoeoaa, ae?iaie/? a?aeiineie i?ae ethaeueie,
cia?yaeaey i?aoe?, ye? aecia/athoue aa/aiiy ethaeeiith na?oo, ni?eeiyooy
eiai ca’yce?a, oniaaeeiaoaaiiy oi?i ae?yeueiino?. A ia? aoiaeyoue
aeaiaioe aoi?/iiai na?aaeiaeua: i?noeaa? o?aaeeoe??, iaae/ee, ia?yaee,
cae/a?, ae?aeaeoe, iiaoo, ia??//y, oieueeei?, a oaeiae ?ae?a?ei?
o?aaeeoe?? oa cae/a?. Oi?iothoue ethaeeio an? aeaiaioe ?nioth/i?
iie?oe/ii? nenoaie. ?ioaineaii oi?iothoue ethaeeio i?noeaa? aaia?ao?/i?,
i?e?iaeii-eaiaeoaooi?, ee?iaoe/i? /eiieee ??aeieo i?noeue. A?ae ieo
caeaaeeoue aa/aiiy ethaeeiith na?oo, ?icoi?iiy caeiiii??iinoae, eia?ee
?a/ae i?ioyaii onueiai aeeooy. Ethaeeio oi?io? ?iaeeia e iaeaeeae/ee
nioe?oi, ye? ia?aaeathoue ?e aeeoo?a? ianoaiiae aaciina?aaeiuei «c ?oe a
?oee».

Neeaaei?, aea no?ee? e iaiao?aei? aca?iica’ycee an?o /eiiee?a, ui
oi?iothoue ethaeeio, neeaaeathoue nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/io nenoaio.
?icaeoie oe??? nenoaie a ?noi??? noni?euenoaa aeaeyaea? ye caeiiii??iee
? iine?aeiaiee nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean; ae?yeuei?noue
aeeth/aieo a iueiai ethaeae noai?th? «ia?aaeo» nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
a?aeiinei. Iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie» iio?aao?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai aiae?co, inieneaiiy oa oeoia/aiiy — eiai
canoinoaaiiy ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei ?icoe?aiiy.

Nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. Ia nueiaiaei? a noni?euenoaiciaanoa?
i?iaaaeaia cia/ia ?iaioa uiaei aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo,
nioe?ae?caoe??, ieoeueoo?aiiy ethaeeie, iniaeeainoae ?o i?iya?a ia
??cieo noaae?yo ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo.

A no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e noni?euenoaiciaa/?e e?oa?aoo??, yea a?aeia?aaea?
i?ioeane ?icaeoeo ethaeeie, caeiiii??iino? ?? nioe?ae?caoe??,
ieoeueoo?aiiy oa iniaeeaino? ?o i?iya?a ia ??cieo noaae?yo ?noi?e/iiai
?icaeoeo, a?aecia/a?oueny i/aaeaeia c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? e i?noeino?
ioae?eaoe?e, ye? iicia/ai? e?ioeai 60-o — ii/aoeii 70-o ?ie?a. Oey
ianoaaeia a?aeia?aaea? c?inoaiiy caoe?eaaeaiino? i?iaeaiaoeeith,
iia’ycaiith ?c caeiiii??iinoyie ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa, noaiii ethaeeie
oa oiiaaie ?? ?nioaaiiy, naiaiaeith oa aeaoa?i?i?ciii a ethaenuee?e
ae?yeueiino?, aea/aiiyi ieioeiai, oaia??oiueiai oa ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo
ethaenoaa; aioo??oi? ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaaeenue o iania?e ineoieia??,
?ioaeaeooaeueia c?inoaiiy, o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?;
ciai?oi?e «oene» c aieo ?aeae, ye? ?icaeaathoueny a cao?aeieo
o?einionueeeo oeieao oa o??th /e ?ioith i??ith anei?eththoueny
ieneaiiyi ?ioae?aaioe??. Iaoeia? ?ioa?ane o?einio?a o oeae ia??iae
oyae?thoue aei i?iaeai oai?aoe/iiai ? i?aeoe/iiai iiaioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a
noni?eueii? i?aai?caoe?? e naiii?aai?caoe??, oi?aae?iiy oa
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?icoi?iiy aca?iiae?? «/eiiee?a», ye? aa?ooue o/anoue o
oi?ioaaii? ethaeeie, e iiaeeeainoae eiino?oeoeaiiai aieeao ia ia?.

Nenoaia ciaiue i?i nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean ye aioo??oi?e
neeaaeiaee eiiiiiaio ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano ia aoea noai?aia a /?oei
c’yniaaii?e, eiioeaio?iaai?e oi?i? aiane?aeie oiai, ui caiaaeoi aeiaai
caa??aaeanue ?aeaieia?/ia caai?iia ia aeei?enoaiiy iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia», yea aecia/aeinue ye «ao?aeoacia» ca nai?i
iioiaeaeaiiyi. Oa?i?ie «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean»,
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy» oiui ia io?eioaaee
?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeiae oiio, ui ?o ooieoe?? yeithnue i??ith
aeeiioaaeenue (oi/a, ae?enii, aeaeaei iaaaeaeaaoii) iiiyooyie
«eiioi?noe/ia aeoiaaiiy», «oi?ioaaiiy iiai? ethaeeie».
Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean ca oaeeo oiia ia ?icaeyaeaany
eiie?aoii, ye oe?e?nia nenoaia noni?eueiiai aoooy oa ?noi?e/ia
?aaeuei?noue, yea ?icaeaa?oueny. I?ioa a aeine?aeaeaiiyo oeueiai
ia??iaeo ?icaeyiooi ??ci? aeaiaioe nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano,
ye eiai ae?th/? /eiieee: ?noi?e/i? oi?ie aeoiaaiiy oa iaa/aiiy, i?aoey,
i?aeoeea, aeooiaia oa iaoa??aeueia ae?yeuei?noue, iaoa??aeueia
ae?iaieoeoai, i?ciaiiy, ni?eeoaaiiy, oai?/?noue, noni?eueia
na?aeii?noue, noni?euei? a?aeiineie, ?iaeeia, oetha, iiaoo, ienoaoeoai,
?ae?a?y, nenoaia ina?oe, iie?oeea, i?aai, ii?aeue, nii?o oiui.

Na?aae oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue aaaaoi i?ea?iaeueieo, iane/aieo
iaoiaeieia?/ieie ?aeayie oai??a, ye? aeicaieythoue neeanoe oe?ieo
ea?oeio oiai, ye a?aeaoaathoueny nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?,
ethaeeiioi?ioth/? i?ioeane. Oae i?iaeaie iaoiaeieia?/ii? i?aai?caoe??
nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy, iai?aoethaaiiy eia?ee i?aeoiaeo aei
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo yaeu ? aecia/aiiy i?eioeei?a ?o i?aaeiaoii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? noiniaii eiie?aoieo iai?yie?a iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoaeoeaii ?ic?iaeyeenue I.0. Aoeaoiaei, A.?. Ai?ae, I.?. Ae?yoeiaei,
A.I. ?aaiiaei, A.AE. Eaee?, I.ss.Eiaaeueciiii, A.A. ?eue?ieiaei, I.O.
Eieiiii I.A. Eiii?iei, A.I. Ei?ooiiaei, N.A. E?einueeei, A.?.
Eooeaieii, A.N. Iaoiaei, 1.1. ?ae?oiaei, A.?. Na?aea?nueeei, I.A.
Ni??e?iei, TH.E. Ieaoi?eiaei, I.I. Oaiooe?iei, A.?. Oeiea?oeii, 0.?.
ssoeaieii.

Oe? o?einioe aiae?cothoue iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy
caaaeii, ooieoe?thaaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?einionueei? oa nioe?ieia?/ii?
oai??e. ?oi? ?acoeueoaoe ? oi?aa?naeueieie ocaaaeueiaiiyie,
?ioaa?aoeaieie ianoaiiaaie oa i?eioeeiaie iaoiaeieia?? aiae?co
nioe?aeueieo oa ethaeeiiciaa/eo i?iaeai.

Ieoaiiy, ye? noinothoueny iaoai?ci?a cae?eniaiiy a ?aieao nioe?aeueiiai
i?ciaiiy o?einionueeeie eaoaai??yie, a?aeiia?aeieie oai??yie ?o
iaoiaeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e, iaoiaeieia?/ia inieneaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiue
i?i nooi?noue, no?oeoo?o oa oeiieia?th ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei, niinia?a ae?yeueiino? ?icaeyaeaee E.0.
Aaoeueoaiiaa-Neaanueea, A.N. A?ao’?aa, A.A. Aoaianue?a, A.0. Aaee??,
A.N. Aaoeuaa, A.I. Aooaiei, Ae.A.Ao?’?a, I.A. Aeii/aiei, I.N. Eaaai,
A.A. Cae?aaiieneia, I.A. Eiaaeueia, A.0. Eooe?aa, I.I. Ieoaeeia, I.I.
Iieeye, A.O. Ii?oi?a, E.A. Neai?oeia, A.E. Ni??iia, E.A. Nioaiue, A.A.
Oaaa/eianueeee, A.E. Oai/a?, O.I. Oeoa?aiei.

Aioo??oi? caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo ethaeeie, eiai
oi?ie, oeie, iaoai?cie aea/aeenue A.I. Aiae???aith, ?.A. Ae/eii, ?.E.
Aeno?eoeueeei, A.O. A?eai?’yiii, A.A. A?ooeiei, I.A. Ae?iaieoeueeei,
A.ss. ?euei??aei, A.?. Caoeai?iei, A.A. Iaeaoiaei, ?.I. Iia?eiaith, A.I.
Ia?aoiinueeei, I.O. Ieaoioiei, ?.I. Noiai??i, TH.A. Ne/iaei, A.I.
Oaa??cyi, I.E. Oe?aeiaei.

Nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i?, nioe?ieia?/i?, i?aaia?, ii?aeueii-aoe/i?,
a?iaaiaoe/i? oiui aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy, ?icaeoeo, aeoiaaiiy oa
naiiaeoiaaiiy ethaeeie aeine?aeaeoaaeenue A.ss. Aaoaeiaei, ?.A.
Aanooaeaaei-Eaaeith, I.A. Aieiao?aei, A.A. Aonaeiiaei, A.?. Aeieath,
I.I. Aeoa?i?iei, O.?. Caneaanueeith, A.A.E?c?iith, ?.N. Eiiii, A.I.
Eoae?yaoeaaei, A.A. Eoe?eiaei, I.I. E?ooiaith, A.0. Eiaiaeeii, A.Ae.
Ia?ea?iei, A.I. Nieieiaei, A.A. Oa?/aaei, ?.O. O?ieiaei, E.I. Oaiaeai oa
?ioeie.

A caei?aeiii?e e?oa?aoo?? aaea ia ia?oa aeanyoee?ooy a ?aieao ??cieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo oa o?einionueeeo oa/?e iaaiai?th?oueny i?iaeaia
iaiao?aeiino? oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aea/aiiy i?ioe??/, neiioeaio?iaaieo o
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?e noa??. Iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee oa oai?aoe/i?
eiioeaioe?? cao?aeieo aaoi??a caneoaiaothoue ia aeeaieo oaaao. Oae
?icaeyaea? iniaeeaino? aca?iiae?? oa i?ioe??//y iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano
c ?ioeie /eiieeaie noni?eueiiai ?nioaaiiy aia?eeainueeee o?einio
Aeaeaein Eiee??. Aiae?co? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ethaenoaa oa ca’ycee ?c
caaino?aiiyi aeiaaeueieo i?iaeai ethaenueeiai noni?euenoaa oa oi?ioeth?
i?eioeeie, iieeeeai? aooe canaaeiaeie noiniaii iiai? eiioeaioe??
oi?ioaaiiy ethaeeie, I. Eoon?. Aea/a? i?ioean ?icaeoeo ina?oe a
no/aniiio noni?euenoa?, eiai ?aei?noue oa noia?a/eea?noue c ?ioeie
aeaiaioaie nioe?ae?caoe?? ethaeeie, ioe?ithth/e eiai no/aniee oei ye
«oaoiieia?/ia», aeaaoiai?ciaaia A. Naeiii. Caaaeueiioai?aoe/i?,
iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie a?aeia?aaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
i?ioean?a o noni?euenoa? e cao?aei?e o?einionuee?e o?aaeeoe??
inoaiiueiai aeanyoee?ooy noaaeeenue a aaaaoueio o?einionueeeo oeieao,
iniaeeai o O?aieoo?onuee?e. Naia o i?aoeyo I. Oi?eoaeia?a, A. Aaei?ii,
A. Ia?eoca, A. O?iiia i?noyoueny aeoaea iacae/i? aeey iaoiai
na?oi?icoi?iiy oa ie?aei? eiioeaioe?? ethaenueei? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?,
iaoai?ci?a aaoi?eoa?ii? oa aioe-aaoi?eoa?ii? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, iniaeeainoae nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano a
oioae?oa?ieo nioe?aeueieo nenoaiao oa ?i. Aaeeeee aianie o aea/aiiy
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaai-a?/ieo oaiiiai?a c?iaeee cao?aei? oai?aoeee ?.
Ai/ae, A. Ia?niin, I. Oaey? aea Oa?aeai, I. Aa?oiane?, A. O?aiee oa ?i.

Iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» ye caaaeueii-oai?aoe/ia oa
iaoiaeieia?/ia aeiaie? aeaaii ooieoe?ii? a nai?o ??ciiiai?oieo cia/aiiyo
o iaaieo oa?ao noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?, aeaaeae? oe?oa aeei?enoiao?oueny
a iaooe? oa i?noeoue a nia? aaaao? iiaeeeaino? iaoiaeieia?/iiai
canoinoaaiiy. Oea iiiyooy aoei aia?oa aeei?enoaia i?iaoeueeei o?einioii
I. Iaoi?iii o i?aoe? «Nioe?aeueia iaaeaaia?ea» oa noaei ca e?eueea
aeanyoee?oue aaeueie cae/iei aeey cao?aeieo oai?aoee?a oa ioae?oeeno?a.
Aiii oaeiae aoei caaaeueiia?aeiiei a ?aaeyinuee?e e?oa?aoo??, i?i ui
na?ae/aoue aeneiaethaaiiy N.O. Oaoeueeiai, I.?. Aooa??ia oa ?ioeo. I?ioa
nai I.Iaoi?i aecia/ea noa?o naiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ye «nioe?aeueio
iaaeaaia?eo», oiaoi iaoeo i?i aieea iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia
i?ioeane aeoiaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ethaeeie, i?eeeaaeio ca nai?i cia/aiiyi,
ia noaaey/e caieoaiiy i?i noai?aiiy caaaeueii? oai???
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano a noni?euenoa?.

A ?aaeyinuee?e iaooe?, ii/eiath/e c? noae?inueeiai ia??iaeo, iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai» ia aeei?enoiaoaaeinue. I?ioa a inoaii? ?iee
a i?ioean? aea?aeaieia?caoe?? oa iiyae ?aaeueieo iiaeeeainoae a?eueo
aeeaieiai aea/aiiy ?aaeueieo nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a oey eaoaai??y
ii/eia? ciia aeoaea aeoeaii ooieoe?thaaoe. Aea yeui eieaeoea aaoi??a,
ye? noai?eee iiiia?ao?th «Nioe?aeueia iaaeaaia?ea» (Naa?aeeianuee,
1989), ae?? oe?eeii a aeon? ?aeae I. Iaoi?ia, oi N.A.Aa?oeianueeee
(Iineaa, 1988) aeei?enoiao? iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» ye
oi?aa?naeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?ioeano ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa
oa nioe?ae?caoe?? ethaeeie. Aeeaiei inieneth? niene eaoaai???
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» N.A.Iie/aiia (I?inuee, 1991), yeee
aeei?enoiao? iiiyooy “nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia oi?aae?iiy»,
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia nenoaia», «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee oaiiiai»
oiui.

I?ioa oaeeo i?aoeue, o yeeo ae i?noeany ?icai?iooee aiae?c eaoaai???
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia», aioo??oiueiai ci?noo ?aaeueiiai
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano, aea/aeenue eiie?aoi? oi?ie oa
iaoai?cie nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ?noi?e/ia ?icai?oaiiy
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo a?aeiinei oiui iiee ui iaia?. Ca oaeeo
ianoaaei a?aee?eaa?oueny iiaeeea?noue aeey ie?aeii? oa ia?niaeoeaii?
aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe a aeaiiio iai?yieo.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia eaoaai??e, ye?
ooieoe?ththoue o eiioeaiooaeueiiio aia?ao? nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeiai
i?ciaiiy, a oaeiae iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia», yea ia? naith
aeanio niaoeeo?/io iiceoe?th a oe?e nenoai? (naiaioeeo, ooieoe??,
ei?aeyoe?? c ?ioeie eaoaai??yie).

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Nooi?noue oa ci?no iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia», eiai aaiaca oa ?noi??y ?icaeoeo a ?aieao
nioe?aeueii? naiina?aeiiino?, oa?aeoa? i?eoaiaiieo eiio ooieoe?e,
aioo??oiy aiinaieia?/ia no?oeoo?a; niaoeeo?ea nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? oa nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo a?aeiinei a ii??aiyii? c
?ioeie oi?iaie nioe?aeueii? ae?yeueiino? oa noni?eueieo a?aeiinei;
aieiai? oaiaeaioe?? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano neeaaeathoue
i?aaeiaoia iiea aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. A aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?
cae?enith?oueny oai?aoe/iee aiae?c iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia»
ye iaiao?aeiiai eiioeaioa a eaoaai??aeueiiio aia?ao? nioe?aeueiiai
i?ciaiiy, ?ice?eaa?oueny eiai iaoiaeieia?/iee iioaioe?ae.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oe??? iaoe aecia/athoueny aieiai? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue:

— aea/aiiy aaiace iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia»;

— i?inoaaeaiiy iniaeeainoae ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo oyaeaiue, ?aeae oa
iiiyoue i?i i?ioeane, ye? ii?aeiothoueny iiiyooyi
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia»;

—ooi/iaiiy naiaioe/iiai iiey iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaiaaeaaia?/ia»,
aeie?aieaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ye?nii niaoeeo?/ieo aniaeo?a eiai ci?noo;

— aecia/aiiy nooiino? no/aniiai iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» oa
aeiaaaeaiiy ?aaeueiiai i?ioeano eiai ia?a?inoaiiy a oi?aa?naeueio
o?einionueei-iaoiaeieia?/io eaoaai??th nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy;

— aeyaeaiiy iaoiaeieia?/iiai iioaioe?aeo eaoaai???
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» /a?ac aeie?aieaiiy ?? ooieoe?e oa aiae?c
aioo??oiuei? aiinaieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e;

— oa?aeoa?enoeea nooiino? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a
niaoeeo?oe? oa ?aeiino? c ?ioeie ??ciiaeaeaie ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?;

— inieneaiiy nooiino? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo a?aeiinei a no?oeoo??
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, ?o ?noi?e/ieo oei?a oa oi?i;

— inieneaiiy aieiaieo aioo??oi?o oaiaeaioe?e nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai
i?ioeano.

Oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icoi?iiy naino oa
cia/aiiy iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» ye aeoeaii ooieoe?thth/i?
eaoaai??? a aia?ao? nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy iio?aao? neioaco
eia?ei-aiinaieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei eiai aea/aiiy c ?noi?e/iei oa
eoeueoo?ieia?/iei.

I?ia?aeiei iaoiaeieia?/iei eiioeaioii aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaoaaea ?aeay i?i
oa, ui ?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie noni?euenoaa aeyaey? i?aai?/io ?aei?noue
i?ioean?a ?icaeoeo iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aeooiaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
naii? ethaeeie; i?e /iio ae?iaieoeoai ethaeeie — «ethaeeiioi?ioaaiiy» —
? ae?eniei aioo??oi?i ai?oeaio?ii, noia?nooi?noth na?oiai? ?noi???.

Ie?aeiei iaoiaeieia?/iei i?eiouaiiyi neoaoaaea oaca i?i oa, ui i?ioeane
«ae?iaieoeoaa ethaeeie» oei /e ?ioei /eiii ciaoiaeeee nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a noni?euei?e na?aeiiino? ia o?einionueeiio,
iaaeaaia?/iiio, ?ae?a?eiiio, ii?aeueii-aoe/iiio, iiaooiaiio ??aiyo,
o?enoth/enue a iia?, a ??cieo iiiyooyo, ye? a?eueo /e iaio oi/ii
a?aeia?aaeathoue nain oeeo i?ioean?a. A ian? oeeo iiiyoue
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» ? oaeei, ui a?aeiinii iauiaeaaii aeieeei, ia?
iciaee a?eueoi? o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie aaeaeaaoiino? nai?io i?aaeiaoia?,
iaea?eueoi? caaaeueiino? — oaeaeei ?icaeaa?oueny oa caaaa/o?oueny iiaeie
cia/aiiyie.

Aa??noe/io ?ieue a aeine?aeaeaii? a?ae?a?aea ?aeay i?i
aca?iiia?aoai?aiiy iiiyoue oa eaoaai??e a i?ioean? aeooiaiiai iiaioaaiiy
ethaeeiith na?oo, ?icaeoeo oi?i ?? ieneaiiy, eiioi?eaoe?? oa
eiioeaiooae?caoe?? i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie i?iaiaeeeinue ia i?aenoaa? oi?aa?naeueieo
o?einionueei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a caaaeueiino? ?icaeoeo,
noia?a/eeaino?, aaaaoi??aiaaino? nooiino? ? i?iya?a neeaaeieo
nioe?aeueieo ia’?eo?a, ye? naii?icaeaathoueny; ?aeiino? aiae?co oa
neioaco; noiaeaeaiiy a?ae aano?aeoiiai aei eiie?aoiiai a oai?aoe/iiio
ieneaii?. Aea/ai? oa aeei?enoai? i?aoe? i?ia?aeieo o?einio?a,
eoeueoo?ieia?a, nioe?ieia?a, iie?oieia?a, ?ae?a??ciaaoe?a, th?eno?a, ye?
caeiaeenue oeie /e ?ioeie aniaeoaie i?iaeaie, ui noaea i?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co
nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeeo oa o?einionueei-?noi?e/ieo cia/aiue iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» ?ic?iaeai? eiai aecia/aiiy ye eiiieaenii?
?aeaaeueii? iiaeae? nenoaiii? noeoiiino? ethaeeiioi?ioth/eo
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oa i?e?iaeieo /eiiee?a, ui ciaoiaeyoueny a i?ioean?
?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo, caeo/ai? a no?oeoo?o ae?yeueiino? ?iaeea?aeooi?a
oa ethaenueeeo ni?eueiinoae oa ? noanoaioe?eiith i?aeaaeeiith ia o?eueee
niaoeeo?/ieo iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo, aea e onueiai ?icia?ooy noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei.

A ?icaeoeo eiioeaioe?? a aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaai? oa iaa?oioiaai?
oae? iieiaeaiiy:

— iiiyooy nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai ? oaeei, ui iauiaeaaii aeieeei,
anei?eth? a nia? a ciyoiio aeaeyae? ?icia?ooy oyaeaiue i?i aioo??oi?
iaoai?cie i?ioean?a nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/iiai oi?ioaaiiy ethaeeie. Iath/e
/eiaei neiii?i?a, oea iiiyooy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaeneiaeueiei ia’?iii,
?ioaa?aoeai?noth oa caeaoi?noth aei iiaeeiaiiy iiaeo cia/aiue, /a?ac ui
/ano?noue eiai aeei?enoaiiy ca?eueoo?oueny;

— aaiaca iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» noiaeeoue aei noa?iaeaai?o
i?oieia?/ieo oi?i iiyniaiiy iioiaeaeaiiy ethaenueeeo yeinoae,
aeanoeainoae, ai?iue, caeaoiinoae, niinia?a ae?yeueiino? oa
aca?iia?aeiinei. Eiai ?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie aeeth/a? ? naaa i?ioeane
oai?aoe/iiai inieneaiiy ae?aeaeoeee i?e?iaeiiai oa nioe?aeueiiai,
i?e?iaeiiai oa eoeueoo?iiai, i?e?iaeaeaiiai oa iaaooiai,
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai oa noni?eueiiai, iana?aeiiiai oa na?aeiiiai,
noeo?eiiai oa i?aai?ciaaiiai a i?ioeanao noaiiaeaiiy ethaeyiino?;

— eia?/iee noaoon iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» aecia/a?oueny
iayai?noth o iueiai neeaaeii? aioo??oiuei no?oeoo?e, a yeo aoiaeyoue
i?aeii?yaeeiaai? iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean»,
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia nenoaia”, «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?
a?aeiineie», «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue»,
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia na?aeii?noue», «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia
oai??y», «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee aeina?ae», «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia
na?aaeiaeua», «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeoeea»,
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? o?aaeeoe??», «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?
?iiiaaoe??» oa ?io?;

— iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» aeeiio? ??ciiiai?oi? ooieoe?? a
i?ciaaaeueii-inieneeoaeueieo i?ioeanao: o?eno? ?aaeuei?noue ?nioaaiiy
nenoaiii i?aai?ciaaieo ethaeeiioi?ioth/eo iaoa??aeueieo oa aeooiaieo
/eiiee?a, i?ioean?a oa iaaieioo? ?oith aio?iiinoaa?aeaeoth/o,
aoiai?coth/o ni?yiiaai?noue (iioieia?/ia oa aiinaieia?/ia ooieoe??),
neioaco? cia/aiiy a?eueo aocueeeo iiiyoue «nioe?ae?caoe?y»,
«ieoeueoo?aiiy», «aeoiaaiiy», «iaa/aiiy», «ina?oa», «naiiaeoiaaiiy»,
«naiioaeineiiaeaiiy» oiui oa ? eiioeaioii, yeee i???ioo? aiae?c
i?ioean?a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ni?ey? aeie?aieaiith a ieo
ethaeeiioi?ioth/eo iiiaio?a (eia?ei-iaoiaeieia?/ia ooieoe?y); ia’?aeio?
oyaeaiiy i?i iaoai?cie e caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo ethaeeie, ye?
iai?aoeueiaothoueny o?einionueeeie oa /anoeiaeie iaoeaie
(?ioaa?aoeaii-iaoiaeieia?/ia ooieoe?y); ? i???ioe?ii a ?icoi?ii?,
?ic’yniaii?, oeoia/aii? naino, cia/aiiy, ?ie? ?noi?e/ieo,
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo /eiiee?a, yaeu, iiae?e a yeino? ethaeeiioi?ioth/eo
aeaoa?i?iaio?a (?ioi?iaoe?eii-eoeueoo?ia, na?oiaeyaeia, eiioi?eaoeaia
ooieoe??); neoao? aeae?eaiith i???ioe??a, iaoiaeieia?/ieo ianoaiia aeey
eiiieaeno ethaeeiiciaa/eo, iaaeaaia?/ieo, i?eeeaaeieo
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeenoeeie?i (iaoiaeieia?/ii-?aaoeyoeaia,
iaoiaeieia?/ii-ii?iaoeaia ooieoe??); aoaeoeaii ca?aaeaeo?
ia?ainieneaiith a?aeiieo ?ai?oa oai?aoe/ieo oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo
iieiaeaiue, aiae?co iiaeo nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo, ?noi?e/ieo /eiiee?a; ni?ey?
i?e?iuaiith iiaiai ciaiiy oa aeyaeaiith oaiaeaioe?e iaeaooiueiai
?icaeoeo (aa??noe/ia oa i?iaiinoe/ia ooieoe??);

— ?icia?ooy eia?/ieo cia/aiue oa i?ciaaaeueieo ooieoe?e iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui aiii
ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei ia?a?inoaiiy a naiino?eio, aeoeaii ooieoe?iioeth/o
eaoaai??th nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeiai oa o?einionueei-?noi?e/iiai
i?ciaiiy, iath/e an? iciaee o?einionueei? eaoaai???: i?aaeiaoi?noue,
caaaeuei?noue, aioo??oith aaaaoi??aiaa?noue, iie?naiaioe/i?noue,
eia?ei-iaoiaeieia?/io ie?aei?noue, ?noi?e/io no?ee?noue, aeeth/ai?noue o
eiie?aoio oai?aoe/io ia?aaeeaio oa oai?aoeei-i?ciaaaeueio o?aaeeoe?th;

—i?noea iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» a eaoaai??aeueiiio aia?ao?
nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy aecia/a?oueny eiai aca?iiae?yie c eaoaai??yie
«nioe?aeueia», «iaaeaaia?/ia», «nioe?aeueia nenoaia», «?noi?e/iee
i?ioean», «noni?eueia na?aeii?noue», «noni?eueia aoooy», «nioe?aeueia
ae?yeuei?noue», «noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ia oi?iaoe?y», «noni?euei?
a?aeiineie». sse iaea?eueo ie?aei? a i?ciaaaeueiiio a?aeiioaii? iiaeone
eaoaai??? «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» aeine?aeaeothoueny iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue», «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?
a?aeiineie», «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean»;

— nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue aecia/aia ye nenoaiia oi?ia
ethaenueei? aeoeaiino?, a i?ioean? yei? a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ia e
ia?aoai?aiiy ethaeeie oa ethaenueeeo ian o iai?yieo aei iethaeiaiiy,
ieoeueoo?aiiy oa nioe?ae?caoe??, iaaeeaeaiiy aei iaaii?
eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ii? nioe?aeueii iaiao?aeii? iiaeae?. Aiia ? nenoaiith c
oi/ee ci?o i?aai?caoe?? aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e oa a aniaeo? ??
nioe?aeueiiai ooieoe?thaaiiy, ia? nai?i noa’?eoii oa ia’?eoii
noni?euenoai, a?oie oa ?iaeea?ae?a, ia?aa?aa? ca oiia aeoeaii caeo/aiiai
a i?ioean ethaeeiioi?ioaaiiy nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai i?e?iaeiiai
na?aaeiaeua, ?icai?oa?oueny ye a eieaeueii-?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio, oae ? a
caaaeueii?noi?e/iiio /an? oa i?inoi?? ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy. ?noi??y
noni?euenoaa ia ia? a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo ?ioiai naino, e??i ?icaeoeo
«nooi?nieo nee» ethaeeie;

— nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie ?icoi?thoueny ye iaa?ae’?iiee
aioo??oi?e a?e noni?eueiiai aoooy, a?aeiniaeththoueny a i?ioean?
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oi?i i?aoe? ye a?aeiinii naiino?ei?, aiaeii/an
caa??aathoueny a no?oeoo?? an?o «iaiaaeaaia?/ieo» a?aeiinei,
aeyaeythoueny ye iaoai?ci «oniaaeeiaoaaiiy» oi?i nioe?aeueiiai oa
eoeueoo?iiai ?nioaaiiy, o?aineyoe?? ciaeaeaieo cania?a oa iaoiae?a
i?aeo?eiaiiy oa aneaeaoe?? ethaenueeiai aoooy, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
nioe?aeueii-?ioaa?aoeaiei oa?aeoa?ii, i?inoi?iai-/aniaith ianooaai?noth,
a?aenooi?noth iai?eoiaaii? i?ia?aiii-?ioi?iaoe?eii? o?eniaaiino?,
iiaeeea?noth iaiai?oanoiaaiino? oa iaona?aeiieaiino? i?iya?a. A ?o noa??
ooieoe?ththoue an? ??ciiaeaee ?aaoeyoe??, iiaeaethaaiiy oa iiaeoethaaiiy
ethaenueei? iiaaae?iee: ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?, a?oiia?, nioe?aeuei?,
na?aeii?, iana?aeii?, aa?aaeuei?, iaaa?aaeuei?, aaciina?aaei?,
iiina?aaeeiaaii-?ino?oiaioaeuei?, noeo?ei?, i?aai?ciaai? oa ?i.; aiie ?
aioo??oi?i iaiao?aeiei aeaiaioii nioe?aeueii? naiii?aai?caoe??;

— nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie i?aeeyaathoue oeiieia?caoe?? ca
iaea?eueo no?eeeie, nooo?aeie iciaeaie c iaoith ui iiiyooy iiaeeaeaiiy
?o i?ciaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy. ?o i?aenoaaaie ?, iai?eeeaae, iaeaaei?noue
aei ?noi?e/ii? aiioe, aei noa’?eoa ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano, aei
nioe?aeueii? a?oie, aoiino; ca?aaiiy /e ?icoiaeaeaiiy c i?eioeeiaie
iaioth/i? ?aeaieia??; iniaeeaino? aaiace, aeaea?ae oa oiia aeieeiaiiy,
ci?noo aioo??oi?o eiioeaio?a; oi?ie i?aeoe/iiai ao?eaiiy; nooi?noue
a?aeiioaiue «noa’?eo-ia’?eo» oa neeaae aieiaieo oe?eae; nooi?iue
caaaeueiino? oe?iiinoae, ye? caoaa?aeaeothoueny, oiui;

— nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean ia? aieiai? aioo??oi? oaiaeaioe??
aei aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oi?i nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo a?aeiinei oa
ae?yeueiino?, iiiaeaiiy oe?eae, caaaeaiue, cania?a ethaeeiioi?ioaaiiy oa
aei ?o ?ioaa?aoe??, ia’?aeiaiiy a oe?e?nio nenoaio; aei oi?ioaaiiy
i?ia?aneaieo,iiaaoi?nueeeo oi?i aieeao ia ethaeeio — oa aei caa?aaeaiiy
o?aaeeoe?eieo, eiina?aaoeaieo, ?iiae? cian?i ?aaeoe?eieo, i?e /iio
ai?ioueaa i?ae noa?ei oa iiaei iiaea iaaoaaoe oa?aeoa? i?ioeai?noaa i?ae
aoiai?caoe??th oa aeaaoiai?caoe??th aai iaaiaee; aei aeae?eaiiy
io?oe?eii aeciaieo, ?inoeoooe?iiae?ciaaieo, «iaioth/eo» cania?a
aeoiaaiiy, iaa/aiiy oa iiiceoe?eieo, ?ai?aniaaieo cania?a aieeao ia
ethaeeio; aeie?aieaiiy ianeeueieoeueeeo oa iaianeeueieoeueeeo,
aaoi?eoa?ieo oa aeaiie?aoe/ieo nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo nenoai.

Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe
iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iai?aoeueiaai? oai?aoe/i? aecia/aiiy oa aeniiaee, ye? ni?eythoue
iiaeeaeaiith iiiyooy nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai, inieneaiith eiai
eaoaai??aeueii? nooiino? oa iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae
aeei?enoaiiy. Eiioeaiooaeuei? aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy iathoue oe?ii?noue
aeey c’ynoaaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeeo oa o?einionueei-?noi?e/ieo
oyaeaiue, oa?aeoa?enoeee nenoaie eaoaai??e nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy,
iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?ae /an iaa?oiooaaiiy oai??? oi?ioaaiiy,
nioe?ae?caoe?? oa ieoeueoo?aiiy ethaeeie, iai?aoethaaiiy
o?einionueei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ciaiiy oa
i?aeoeee.

Oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? aeey iiaeeaeaiiy
oai??e nioe?aeueii? ae?yeueiino? oa noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, i?eeeaaeii?
nioe?aeueii? iaaeaaia?ee, aeei?enoiaoaaoenue o?einioaie, eoeueoo?ieiaaie
oa iaaeaaiaaie. I?aenoieia? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
a i?ioean? /eoaiiy eo?no o?einio?? o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao a oaiao
«Noni?euenoai oa ethaeeia», «Aeooiaia aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue noni?euenoaa»,
aeey ?ic?iaee niaoeeo?no «Oai??y nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeana»,
aeey iaa/aiiy niaoe?ae?no?a nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?iiai oa iaaeaaia?/iiai
i?io?eth.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Aieiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? oa nioe?ieia?? Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A.N. Iaea?aiea, o
a?aeae?e? nioe?aeueii? o?einio?? oa o?einio?? ?noi??? ?inoeoooo
o?einio?? IAI Oe?a?ie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo oa nai?ia?ao.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. No?oeoo?a ?iaioe aecia/aia iaoith oa aieiaieie
caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c Anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, eiaeiee c yeeo noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny Aeniiaeaie, Cae?i/aiiy oa
nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??.

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
??aaiue ?? ?ic?iaee, aecia/athoueny iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eiai iaoiaeieia?y oa aieiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe.

O ?ICAe?E? 1 — «Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c iiiyooy nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» —
?icaeyaea?oueny cia/aiiy iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia», eiai
iioiaeaeaiiy, iniaeeaino? ooieoe?thaaiiy a noni?euenoaiciaa/iio
ieneaii?.

?noi?e/i? ia?aaeoiiae oa aeaea?aea aeieeiaiiy oeueiai iiiyooy,
?icia?ooy oyaeaiue, ye? ? canaaeiaeie noiniaii ?icoi?iiy nooiino?
nenoaie «ae?iaieoeoaa ethaeeie» oa caeiiii??iinoae ?? ?nioaaiiy oa
?icaeoeo ?icaeyaeathoueny a § 1 — «Aaiaca iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» oa iniaeeaino? eiai ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo».
No/ania iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» aeieeei a ?acoeueoao?
aeiaaio?eaaeiai i?ioeano eiioeaio?aoe?? ye?nii niaoeeo?/ii?
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? a ethaenueeiio ciaii?. Ciaiiy i?i
oeyoe oa niiniae oi?ioaaiiy ethaeeie aie?oaeinue a oeaieio neie?aoe/ii?
ia?a?nii? na?aeiiino?, aea ii?aeuei? ii?ie ia a?aeie?aiethaaeenue a?ae
iaaeaaia?/ieo oa i?aaiaeo.

A i?oieia?/i?e ea?oei? na?oo i?noeany iioe?aiee eiiieaen oaioac?e ia
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? oaie, ye? «iiynithaaee» iioiaeaeaiiy ?aianae,
ienoaoeoa, ciaiue, ioae?ino?, a oaeiae ethaenueeeo ia?aaaa oa
iaaeie?e?a, ineoieia?/ieo yeinoae oa ii?aeueieo ii?i.

A oai?aoe/iiio ieneaii? aeaaiia?aoeueeeo o?einio?a ia?o ca ana
aeae?eythoueny eaoaai??? ethaeeie oa ethaenueeiai, inieneth?oueny
?nioaaiiy ??cieo ethaenueeeo oei?a, ona?aeiieth?oueny aieiaia
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia caaaeaiiy noni?euenoaa ye ?ooo a?ae aa?aa?noaa
aei eoeueoo?iino?. Aa?aee?o ioe?ith? ethaeeio ye iioaioe?eiiai iin?y
/anoee na?oiaiai Eiaino, yea ia? iiaeeea?noue aeae?aoe, aeieaoe
i?ioe??//y ca?aaee ?ooo aei na?oiaiai ii?yaeeo. A oaenoao Aeaiie??oa
aeyaey?oueny ona?aeiieaia i?ioenoaaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
/eiiee?a i?e?iaeiei neeai. Ieaoii aeae?ey? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?
ooieoe?? aea?aeaae. A??noioaeue i?aaia iaa?oiooaaoe
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/io ?ieue oe?e?niiai nioe?oio. E?i?ee, noi?ee,
ai?eo?aeoe? aeae?eythoue aecia/aeueio ?ieue ?iaeea?aea, yeee ?
aieiaiei noa’?eoii nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?.
O?enoeyinueea a??io/?iiy ?icaeaa?oueny ye nenoaia, yea iaiaaa?oueny
oe?e?nii ioiieoe an? aiee iniaenoi? oa nioe?aeueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
oa i?aeii?yaeeoaaoe ?o ?aeeiiio eiiieaeno ?aeae. O?einioe A?ae?iaeaeaiiy
noai?ththoue neioac na?aaeiueia?/iiai o/?iiy i?i naiaiaeo aie? ethaeeie
oa aioe/ieo oyaeaiue i?i ?aei?noue ethaeeie, i?e?iaee oa noni?euenoaa.

A nioe?aeueii-o?einionuee?e aeoioe? Iiaiai /ano noaa?aeaeo?oueny aeoiea
i?i iaiao?aei?noue iaiaaeaiiy noeo?eieo nee oa iai?aoethaaiiy
oe?eani?yiiaaii?, oii?yaeeiaaii?, ?icoiii? aeoiaii? nenoaie, yea aoea a
?iiaiaioiei ao?eaooii noni?euenoaa.

Aaea ia ii/aoeo XIX noie?ooy iiaeeeaino? iieniaiai,
aii??e/ii-o?aaiaioa?iiai aea/aiiy i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy ethaeeie a
noni?euenoaa aoee ae/a?iai?. Neeaeanue ia’?eoeaia iaiao?aei?noue oa
iaoiaeieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeey ia?aoiaeo aei oe?e?niiai aea/aiiy
caeiiii??iinoae ooieoe?thaaiiy nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai eiiieaeno. E.
Ia?en, I. Eiio, A. Aeth?eaaei, I. Aaaa?, 3. O?aeae, O. Ia?niin oa ?i.
?iaeyoue na?e aianie o ?ica’ycaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy. Iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» a eiai a?aeiinii noi?iiaaiiio aeaeyae? aoei
noi?ioeueiaaia A. Eiaaiii, a iio?i ni?eeiyoa oa ?icaeiooa I. Iaoi?iii,
yeee ?icoi?a ?noi??th ye i?ioean iethaeiaiiy ethaeeie a ?acoeueoao?
aacia?a?aii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa ?ioaa?aoe?? oi?i o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?
oa ciaiiy. ?acii c ?aeayie iaieaioeainoaa oea iiiyooy i?iieeei ia
ii/aoeo XX noie?ooy a ?in?th, aea aoei «aeaiaia» ?c oaeeoeo oai?aoee?a
iai?ee?ioe? 20-o ?ie?a a ia??iae ia?inoaiiy ?aeaieia?/ii? ai?ioueae.
Ciia eiai aeei?enoaiiy o a?o/eciyi?e nioe?aeueii-o?einionuee?e aeoioe?
ii/eia?oueny eeoa o 80-o ?ieao.

A § 2 — «Ci?no oa nooi?noue iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» —
?icaeyaeathoueny eiai aioo??oi? nienee, iieaco?oueny ui ia oeae /an oea
iiiyooy ia? eiiieaen ye /anoeiaeo, i?eeeaaeieo, oae ? caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo,
oi?aa?naeueii-oai?aoe/ieo, o?einionueei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo cia/aiue.
«Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» — oea:

1) i?ioean ethaeeiioi?ioaaiiy a ianooaaao anueiai noni?euenoaa, yeee
i?noeoue nenoaio nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oa i?e?iaeieo oaeoi??a;

2) ?noi?e/iee i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo, aoiai?caoe??
ethaeeie, yeee ? aioo??oiueith nooi?niith noi?iiith
caaaeueii-?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano;

3) aioo??oi?e ci?no, nain oa aeua iaoa ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano;

4) nenoaia iaoa??aeueieo oa aeooiaieo /eiiee?a, ae?th/eo nee,
aeaoa?i?iaio?a, ui oi?iothoue ethaeeie oa ni?eythoue ?? nioe?ae?caoe??,
ieoeueoo?aiith, aeoiaaiith, iaa/aiith;

5) caaaeueia nenoaia ciaiue i?i oeyoe, caniae, caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy
ethaeeie, yea ? aioo??oi?i eiiieaenii noni?eueii? na?aeiiino? (aoaeaiia,
ianiaa nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia na?aeii?noue);

6) iaoeiaa a?aeia?aaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ethaeeie a ianooaaao
na?oiai? ?noi???, ethaenoaa, oe?e?niiai nioe?oio
(nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia oai??y);

7) ie?aiee ?icae?e iaaeaaia?/ii? oai??? — o/?iiy i?i aeoiaio
ae?yeuei?noue a eieaeueieo nioe?oiao — «nioe?aeueio iaaeaaia?eo», yea
aeeth/a? a naaa «iaaeaaia?eo eieaeoea?a», «iaaeaaia?eo na?aaeiaeua»,
«ae?iaie/o iaaeaaia?eo», «iaaeaaia?eo aeica?eey», «iaaeaaia?eo ?iaeeie»,
«aaia?eo», «aa?iioeeo» oa ?i.

*a?ac aiae?c ci?noo iiiyoue «nioe?aeueia», «iaaeaaia?/ia»
ia??oioiao?oueny i?aaii??i?noue oaeeoeo iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» ye ye?nii niaoeeo?/ii? neioaoe/ii? eaoaai???,
?icaeyaea?oueny aioo??oiy aiinaieia?/ia no?oeoo?a iiiyooy
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia», yea aeeth/a? a naaa neeaaeiee aeie aeecueeeo
oa iio?aeieo oa?i?i?a. Aiae?co?oueny nenoaia ooieoe?e eaoaai???
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia», aeae?eythoueny aea? aieiai? ?o a?oie. A
ia?oo c ieo aoiaeyoue ooieoe??, ye? aeeiiothoueny oeei iiiyooyi o
noai?aii? ia’?eoeaiiai ia?aco na?oo: aiinaieia?/-ia,
eia?ei-iaoiaeieia?/ia, aiae?oe/ia, aa??noe/ia, i?iaiinoe/ia,
?ioaa?aoeaia. A ae?oao aoiaeyoue ooieoe??, ye? aeeiiothoueny aeaiei
iiiyooyi noiniaii i?aeoe/ii? i???ioaoe?? ethaeeie a na?o? oa
i?ia?aioaaiiy ?? ae?yeueiino?: na?oiaeyaeia, eiioi?eaoeaia,
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eoeueoo?ia, ii?iaoeaia, ?aaoeyoeaia. Aeiaiaeeoueny,
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» a?aeia?aaea? iaeei c aeueo ii?yaee?a nooiino?
an?o nioe?aeueieo oaiiiai?a, niaoeeo?/iee eiiieaen caeii?a ae?iaieoeoaa
noni?euenoaii ethaeeie, ? aaaeeeaith iii?iith noiaeeieith a i?ioean?
?aaeueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa eia?/iiai ?ooo ?icoio, iaaoaath/e a
i?ioean? naiai ?icaeoeo noaoon o?einionueei? eaoaai???.

A ?ICAe?E? II—»Iaoiaeieia?/iee iioaioe?ae eaoaai???
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» oa ?? i?noea a nenoai? nioe?aeueiiai
i?ciaiiy»—aeiaiaeeoueny,ui iiiyooy “nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia” aea?
iiaeeea?noue ye?nii iiaeeaeoe ea?oeio ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano, oyaeaoe eiai
ye ?oo ethaeeiioi?ioth/eo /eiiee?a a ?o aca?iiae?yo, i?ioe??//yo,
?icaeoeo. «Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» aeyaey?oueny eeth/ai aei ?icoi?iiy
aioo??oiuei? eia?ee ?noi?e/ieo ae?yiue, ?icaeoeo niinia?a ae?yeueiino?,
o/ano? a ?noi??? niaoeeo?/ieo eoeueoo?ii-aio?iiieia?/ieo oei?a ye
i?iaeoeo?a a?aeiia?aeieo nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo nenoai.

A § 1 — «Nooi?noue nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ?? niaoeeo?ea
oa ?aei?noue c ?ioeie ??ciiaeaeaie ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?» —
iieaco?oueny, ui ?noi??y ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa iiaea aooe i?iaiae?ciaaia
ye e?i?y aca?iiae?? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? c i?ioeanaie
?ooo aeiiii?ee, iie?oeee, iaoee, ii?ae?, ?ae?a?? oa ?ioeo oi?i
iaoa??aeueii? oa aeooiaii? eoeueoo?ii? ae?yeueiino?. Canoinoaaiiy
oeueiai iiiyooy a i?ioean? aea/aiiy ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano oa ie?aieo eiai
neeaaeiaeo a?aee?eaa? iiaeeea?noue aeeaaea oa iiai?oa c?icoi?oe eia?eo
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ??ciiaeae?a ethaeeiioi?ioth/i? ae?yeueiino? a ?noi???,
aeaea?aea ?o aeieeiaiiy oa niiniae nioe?aeueiiai oniaaeeiaoaaiiy.

Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui, oi/a «iethaeiaiiy» ? iaa?ae’?iiei ao?eaooii an?o
??ciiaeae?a nioe?aeueii? ae?yeueiino?, oea ia a?aoiaio aeey a?aeiiae
a?ae oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oeueiai i?ioeano a «/enoiio», a?aeiinii
aano?aaiaaiiio a?ae niaoeeo?/ieo oe?eae aeiiii?/ii?, iie?oe/ii? oa ?ioeo
oi?i ae?yeueiino? aeaeyae?. ?niothoue oae? ??ciiaeaee ae?yeueiino? —
?aeaieia?/ia, iie?oeei-i?iiaaaiaeenonueea,
?ae?a?eii-i?iiia?aeieoeueea, iaoeiai-i?ina?oieoeueea,
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaia, ?iaeeiii-i?aai?caoe?eia, aea aniaeo
«ethaeeiioi?ioaaiiy» aeoiaeeoue ia ia?oee ieai; iaoa??aeueii-ae?iaie/a,
iie?oeei-i?aai?caoe?eia oiui, aea i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy ethaeeie
ia?aaoaathoue a i?eoiaaiiio, ?iie?oeeoiiio aeaeyae?, oaeiio, ui ia
ea?o?oueny oa ia ona?aeiieth?oueny. Oea eeoa i?aee?aneth? ?icia?ooy oa
neeaaei?noue oi?i nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano a noni?euenoa?.

A nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino? ia?icae?eueii aca?iiae?thoue
ia’?eoeai? oa noa’?eoeai? canaaee. Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ianooue o nia? an? yaeua iaoa??aeueii? oa aeooiaii?
eoeueoo?e, i?e?iaea, yea oaeiae aeeth/aia a aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue
nioe?oio.

§ 2 — «Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie a no?oeoo?? noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei, ?o ?noi?e/i? oeie oa oi?ie» — i?enay/aiee aeiaaaeaiith oiai,
ui an? oi?ie noni?eueieo a?aeiinei aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeuei?, a iaei??th c
i?eoaiaiieo ?i ooieoe?e ? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia. ?icaiaeyoueny
iiiyooy «iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie» oa «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?
a?aeiineie». Inoaii? ooai?ththoueny ca’yceaie, a yeeo noa’?eoii
ethaeeiioi?ioth/i? ae?yeueiino? aenooia? aeayea nioe?aeueia ooai?aiiy.
«Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie» aeieeathoue /a?ac iaiao?aei?
ia?aoai?aiiy nooiino? ethaeeie oa oiia ?? ?nioaaiiy. ?oi?ie iciaeaie ?
nioe?aeueia ianooaai?noue, ?ioaa?aoeai?noue, iiaeeea?noue
ia?inoeoooe?iiae?ciaaiino?, iaiai?oanoiaaiino? oa iaona?aeiieaiino?
?nioaaiiy, a?aenooiino? i?ia?aiii-?ioi?iaoe?eii? o?eniaaiino?. A nenoai?
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo a?aeiinei a?aeaoaa?oueny o?aineyoe?y iia?e
aaia?aoe?? nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo ianoaiia oa ?o canai?iiy, cae??ieaiiy,
ia?aaea/a caeiaooeo eiioeaio?a iioeiaeueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa
iaeii/anii ?o aeaeici?ie, aeiiiaiaiiy, iiiaeaiiy; i?ia?aio?oueny
ethaenueea aeoeai?noue a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ?nioaaii? oa aeoeai?noue
nioe?oio a ni?aa? «ea?oaaiiy» eiaeiei nai?i /eaiii; ooieoe?ththoue an?
??ciiaeaee ?aaoeyoe??, iiaeaethaaiiy iiaaae?iee: ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?,
a?oiia?, caaaeueiinioe?aeuei?, na?aeii?, iana?aeii?, aa?aaeuei?,
iaaa?aaeuei?, aaciina?aaei?, ?ino?oiaioaeueii iiina?aaeeiaai?, noeo?ei?,
i?aai?ciaai?. Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie ?icaeaathoueny ye
aeaiaio a?aeiinei naiii?aai?caoe?? nioe?oio oa aiaeii/an eiai
naii?icaeoeo.

Aecia/a?oueny ci?no nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo a?aeiinei ye
ooieoe?thaaiiy iaoai?ci?a ??cieo oi?i ?ioaa?aoe?? oa aeeoa?aioe?aoe??
noni?euenoaa: nioe?aeueii?, aoi?/ii?, iaoa??aeueii-i?aeoe/ii?,
i?ioan?eii?, aeooiaii?. Ia??oioiao?oueny iiaeeea?noue ?o oeiieia?caoe??
ia eiie?aoii-?noi?e/i? oa oi?iaoe?ei?, nioe?aeuei?, a?oiia?, eeania?,
iaoe?iiaeueii-aoi?/i?, iaioth/? oa iiiceoe?ei?, aoaeaiii-noeo?ei? oa
oai?aoeciaaii-?inoeoooe?ei?, i?e?iaeii-?noi?e/i? oa
iie?oeei-?inoeoooe?ei?, eiina?aaoeai? oa ?iiiaaoe?ei?, ianeeueieoeuee?
oa iaianeeueieoeuee?, aaoi?eoa?i? oa aioeaaoi?eoa?i?, aa?iii?coth/? oa
aeenaa?iii?coth/?, eieaeueii-?noi?e/i? oa caaaeueii-?noi?e/i?.

A § 3 — «Aieiai? oaiaeaioe?? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano» —
aeiaiaeeoueny, ui oi?ie nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa
a?aeiinei oi?iaeiaae ?noi??? oneeaaeiththoueny, aeeth/athoue a naaa iia?
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? caaaeaiiy, ii?iaeaeothoue iia?
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? caniae, oi?ie oa iaoiaee aieeao ia ethaeeio.
?oo oeeo /eiiee?a a ?noi??? neeaaea? ci?no nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai
i?ioeano. ?icia?ooy oa noia?a/eea?noue noni?eueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?aeie?aieaiiy a nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean?
??ciini?yiiaaieo oaiaeaioe?e, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue eiai aioo??oi?
caeiiii??i? ca’ycee.

Iaei??th c i?ia?aeieo caaaeueii?noi?e/ieo oaiaeaioe?e ? i?aaiaiiy aei
iino?eii? aioo??oiuei? aeeoa?aioe?aoe??, ooi/iaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aieeao nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo /eiiee?a, iaaeeaeaiiy ?o
aei iniaeeainoae nioe?oio. ?ioith caeiiii??iith oaiaeaioe??th ?
i?aaiaiiy aei aioo??oiuei? ?ioaa?aoe?? an?o oi?i
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa a?aeiinei, ceeooth ?o a ?aeeio
oi?aa?naeueio nenoaio, yea ioiieth? an? nioe?aeuei? a?oie, an? noi?iie
aeeooy noni?euenoaa, an? nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe??, i?aee??ieaia
oai?aoe/ii oa i?aeoe/ii.

Oaeiae aeae?eythoueny ae?aci? oaiaeaioe?? i?ioenoiyiiy i?ia?aneaieo,
iiaaoi?nueeeo niinia?a oa oi?i nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ?
caa?aaeaiiy cae/ieo, o?aaeeoe?eieo, eiina?aaoeaieo aai i?yii
?aaeoe?eieo; ai?ioueaa aeaiie?aoe/ieo oa aioeaeaiie?aoe/ieo oe?eae,
?ae?a?eieo oa naeoey?enonueeeo i???ioaoe?e, aoiai?noe/ieo oa
aioeaoiai?noe/ieo, eieaeoea?nonueeeo oa ?iaeea?aeoae?nonueeeo,
aaoi?eoa?ieo oa aioeaaoi?eoa?ieo caaaeaiue.

O CAE?I*AII? i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneaii ia?niaeoeae
iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee i?iaeai, ii?ooaieo o aeena?oaoe??.

Cie?aia, ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? ae?eoia aei
oaeeo aeniiae?a:

— iiiyooy nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai ? ie?aeiei oa ia?niaeoeaiei
oai?aoe/iei eiioeaioii, caeaoiei aoaeoeaii neoaoaaoe ?icaeoeia?
nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeiai, o?einionueei-?noi?e/iiai, aio?iiieia?/iiai,
?noi?e/iiai, eoeueoo?ieia?/iiai, iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ciaiiy. Aiii aea?
iiaeeea?noue noai?eoe oe?e?nio, ye?nii niaoeeo?/io oa aiaeii/an
nooo?ai cia/eio ea?oeio ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano ye i?ioeano ?ooo
ethaeeiioi?ioth/eo /eiiee?a; aeaiiino?o? aioo??oi? ia?aieao?iiy
noeo?eieo oa i?aai?ciaaieo, na?aeiieo oa iana?aeiieo, ea?iaaieo oa
iaea?iaaieo oi?i nioe?ae?caoe??, ieoeueoo?aiiy ethaeeie oa ia?aoai?aiiy
?? a «noa’?eoeaiee oaeoi?» ?noi???. «Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia»
aeyaey?oueny eeth/ai aei ?icoi?iiy aioo??oiuei? eia?ee ?noi?e/ieo
ae?yiue, ?icaeoeo niinia?a ae?yeueiino?, o/ano? a ?noi??? niaoeeo?/ieo
ethaenueeeo eoeueoo?ii-aio?iiieia?/ieo oei?a ye i?iaeoeo?a
??ciiiai?oieo, noia?a/eeaeo nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo nenoai;

— iiiyooy «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue»,
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie» oa «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee
i?ioean», iath/e an? aieiai? ooieoe?? nai?? ?iaeiai? eaoaai???
«nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia», aeicaiey? ?acii c oei iiaeeaeoe iaea?eueo
aaaeeea? aniaeoe oai??? ethaeeie, ?ic?iaeoe ieceo iiaeo, a oaeiae
c’ynoaaoe aeaye? aaea ?nioth/? aniaeoe ?icoi?iiy noni?euenoaa.
Canoinoaaiiy oeeo iiiyoue i?ae /an aea/aiiy ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano oa
ie?aieo eiai neeaaeiaeo a?aee?eaa? iiaeeea?noue aeeaoa oa iiai?oa
c?icoi?oe eia?eo aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aeae?a ethaeeiioi?ioth/i? ae?yeueiino?
a ?noi???, aeaea?aea ?o aeieeiaiiy oa niiniae nioe?aeueiiai
oniaaeeiaoaaiiy. Oe? iiiyooy aeicaieythoue c iiai? oi/ee ci?o iiaeyiooe
ia ?noi??th ?icaeoeo iaoa??aeueii? oa aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e, ii/eiath/e
a?ae aeiiii?ee oa cae?i/oth/e ?aeaieia??th;

 nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue ? iaei??th c ??ciiiai?oieo
nenoaiieo oi?i ethaenueei? aeoeaiino?, a i?ioean? yei? a?aeaoaa?oueny
ci?ia oa ia?aoai?aiiy ethaeeie oa ethaenueeeo ian o iai?yieo aei
iethaeiaiiy, ieoeueoo?aiiy oa nioe?ae?caoe??, iaaeeaeaiiy aei iaaii?
eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ii? nioe?aeueii-iaiao?aeii? iiaeae?. Aiia ? nenoaiiith
c oi/ee ci?o i?aai?caoe?? ?? aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e oa c oi/ee ci?o ??
nioe?aeueiiai ooieoe?thaaiiy. Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue ye
noai?aiiy nioe?aeueiiai ?iaeea?aea c ?iaeea?aea a?ieia?/iiai ia? nai?i
noa’?eoii oa ia’?eoii ye noni?euenoai ye oaea, oae ? nioe?aeuei? a?oie
oa ie?aieo ?iaeea?ae?a, ia?aa?aa? ca oiia eiie?aoiiai ?noi?e/iiai,
nioe?aeueiiai oa eoeueoo?iiai na?aaeiaeua i?ae aeoeaiei aieeaii oa
«o/ano?» oeueiai na?aaeiaeua a ethaeeii-oi?ioth/eo i?ioeanao,
?icai?oa?oueny ye a eieaeueiiio /an? aeeooy eiaeiiai ie?aiiai iieie?iiy,
oae ? a caaaeueii?noi?e/iiio /an? ?nioaaiiy ethaenoaa. Oaeei /eiii,
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue ? a?aee?eoith nenoaiith. ?noi??y
noni?euenoaa ia ia? a e?ioeaaiio aeaeyae? ?ioiai naino, e??i ?icaeoeo
«nooi?nieo nee» naieo ethaenueeeo ?iaeea?ae?a;

— nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie aoiaeyoue o aioo??oith no?oeoo?o
an?o ??ciiaeae?a noni?eueieo a?aeiinei ye iaoai?ci ia?aaea/? oi?i ?o
?nioaaiiy, ciaeaeaieo cania?a oa iaoiae?a ?o ?aae?caoe??; aiie ?
iaiao?aeiei aeaiaioii a?aeiinei nioe?aeueii? naii?aae?caoe??,
naiicaa?aaeaiiy, naiia?aeiiaeaiiy, naii?ioaa?aoe?? oa aiaeii/an
naii?icaeoeo, naiici?ie, naiiaeeoa?aioe?aoe?? noni?euenoaa; a ?o noa??
i?ia?aio?oueny ethaenueea aeoeai?noue a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ?nioaaii? oa
aeoeai?noue nioe?oio a ni?aa? nioe?ae?caoe?? oa ieoeueoo?aiiy nai?o
/eai?a, ?aaoeth?oueny oa iiaeoeth?oueny ?o ae?yeuei?noue;

— nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue, nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?
a?aeiineie, oaiaeaioe?? nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano ?
nioe?aeueia iaiao?aeieie, caaaeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?nioaaiiy
noni?euenoaa, ye? iiaeii? aea/aoenue ia an?o ??aiyo iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

AEEEAAeAI?? A OAEEO IOAE?EAOe?ssO:

1. Neey?ia A.I. Nia?aiaiiay nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay nenoaia eae
aeaoa?ieiaioa aioeoai?/aneie i?eaioaoeee ee/iinoe // III I?aeia?iaeia
iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “Oai?/?noue. Eoeueoo?a. Aoiai?ci”: Oace aenooi?a. —
E.: EI?, 1993. — *.1. — N.146-147.

2. Ua?aeia-sseiaeaaa A.A., Neey?ia A.I. Nia?aiaiiay
nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay nenoaia eae enoi/iee e??aoeeiiaeueiiai
ioiioaiey nooaeai/anoaa e naiaiaeiiio a?aiaie // Oi?ioaaiiy
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, nioe?aeueiiai ?
aoiai?noe/iiai ieneaiiy o nooaeaio?a o iicaiaa/aeueiee /an:
?anioae?eainueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y: Oace aeiiia?aeae. —
Ee?a: ?inoeooo nenoaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue ina?oe Oe?a?ie, 1993. — N.84-86.

3. Neey?ia I.I. Aeaye? i?iaeaie nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano //
Iaoeia? caienee: Ca iaoe. i?aoeue. — Noie: Aeae. NAeI?, 1993. — N.24-28.

4. Neey?ia I.I. Noaiiaeaiiy oyaeaiue i?i nenoaio
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy ethaeeie
(?noi?eei-o?einionueeee aniaeo) // Eaa??eioe i?ciaiiy: Ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue. — Noie: NAeI?, 1994. — N.86-97.

5. Neey?ia A.I. Oeiieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe nioeeaeueii-iaaeaai-ae/aneie
nenoaiu «niaaoneiai ia?eiaea» / Ua?aeia-sseiaeaaa A.A., Ua?aaiue O.TH.,
Neey?ia A.I. Oi?ie?iaaiea iaaeaaiaa iiaiai oeia: Ia?ano?ieea
iaaeaaiae/aneiai niciaiey eae i?aaeiinueea iaiiaeaiey nenoaiu
ia?aciaaiey e ainieoaiey. — Iineaa, 1994. — 22 n. – ?on. — Aeai. a IOeIE
«Oeiea e iaaeaaiaeea» io 31.01.94., ?56-94 // Aiiio. A na. ?oe. ii
iaaeaaiaeea e ia?aciaaieth, ?1, 1994.

6. Neey?ia I.I. Aaiacen eaoaai??? «nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia» a i?ioean?
?icaeoeo noni?eueiiai i?ciaiiy. — Ee?a, 1994. — 31 n.- ?in. — Aeai. a
AeIOA Oe?a?ie 21.06.94, ?1192 – Oe94// Aiio. a ae. «Aeaiiiiaai? iaoeia?
i?aoe? ?I?II», ?109 ?-95, 1995 ?.

7. Neey?ia A.I. sscue a nenoaia nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia //
E?iaai-o?einionuee? aniaeoe aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. —
Noie: NAeI?, 1998 ?. — N.112-116

8. Neey?ia I.I. Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean: ae?aeaeoeea
nioe?ae?caoe?? oa ieoeueoo?aiiy a noaiiaeaii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ea?oeie
na?oo // No/ania ea?oeia na?oo: ?ioaa?aoe?y iaoeiaiai oa iicaiaoeiaiai
ciaiiy: Iaoa??aee 1-? ?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. —
Noie: OAAN, 1999 ?. — N.19-24.

9. Neey?ia I.I. Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean ye neeaaeiaa ?noi???:
iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? // Ioeueoeaa?noi. O?einionueeee aeueiaiao: Ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue / Aei.6 — E.: Oe?. Oeaio? aeooia. eoeueoo?e, 1999?. — N.225-234.

10. Neey?ia I.I. Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie // Ioeueoeaa?noi.
O?einionueeee aeueiaiao: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / Aei.7 — E.: Oe?. Oeaio?
aeooia. eoeueoo?e, 1999?. — N.98-115.

11. Neey?ia I.I. Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe ethaenueei?
aeooiaiino? // Ioeueoeaa?noi. O?einionueeee aeueiaiao: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue
/ Aei.9 — E.: Oe?. Oeaio? aeooia. eoeueoo?e, 1999?. — N.20-35.

AIIOAOe?ss

Neey?ia I.I. Iiiyooy “nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia a eaoaai??aeueiiio
aia?ao? nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.03 — nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa o?einio?y
?noi???. — ?inoeooo o?einio?? ?iai? A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,
2000.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeei oa o?einionueei-?noi?e/iei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?iaeaie nooiino? iiiyooy “nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia”,
eiai aioo??oiueiai ci?noo e i?noey a eaoaai??aeueiiio aia?ao?
nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy. ?icaeyaea?oueny ?noi??y ?icaeoeo oyaeaiue i?i
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia a noni?euei?e na?aeiiino?. Aecia/a?oueny
nooi?noue iiiyooy “nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia” ye caaaeueiioai?aoe/iiai,
iaoiaeiei-a?/iiai, iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiiai. ?ice?eaa?oueny ci?no iiiyooy
“nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia” ye a?aeia?aaeaiiy ii?aaeia/aieo iiaeaeae
nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? iiaaae?iee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia, nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee
i?ioean, nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia nenoaia, nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia
ae?yeuei?noue, nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? a?aeiineie.

AIIIOAOeEss

Neey?ia A.I. Iiiyoea «nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneia» a eaoaai?eaeueiii
aiia?aoa nioeeaeueiiai iiciaiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey i?aaenoaaeaia ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie
eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.03
— nioeeaeueiay oeeinioey e oeeinioey enoi?ee. — Einoeooo oeeinioee eiaie
A.N.Neiai?iaeu IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 2000.

Caueuaaony ?oeiienue aeenna?oaoeee, eioi?ay yaeyaony
nioeeaeueii-oeeinioneei e oeeinionei-enoi?e/aneei enneaaeiaaieai
i?iaeaiu nouiinoe iiiyoey «nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneia», aai
aioo?aiiaai cia/aiiy e ianoa a eaoaai?eaeueiii aiia?aoa nioeeaeueiiai
iiciaiey. ?anniao?eaaaony enoi?ey ?acaeoey i?aaenoaaeaiee i
nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneii a iauanoaaiiii naiiniciaiee. Ii?aaeaeyaony
nouiinoue iiiyoey «nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneia» eae iauaoai?aoe/aneiai,
iaoiaeieiae/aneiai, iieeooieoeeiiaeueiiai. ?ane?uaaaony niaea?aeaiea
iiiyoey «nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneia» eae io?aaeaiey ii?aaeia/aiiuo
iiaeaeae nioeeieoeueoo?iiai iiaaaeaiey; aaeeie/iuo e anaiaueo i?ioeannia
i/aeiaa/eaaiey /aeiaaea /a?ac ?ani?aaeia/eaaiea oaiiiaiia eoeueoo?u;
noeoeeieo e i?aaieciaaiiuo i?ioeannia oi?ie?iaaiey /aeiaaea;
iauaenoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey aoiaiece?iaaiiinoe a ianooaaao ieaiaou;
noauaeoeaieo i?aaenoaaeaiee i oeaeyo, ii?iao, oi?iao, n?aaenoaao
nioeeaeecaoeee e ieoeueoo?eaaiey iiauo iieieaiee. Enneaaeothony
ooieoeee, eioi?ua iiiyoea “nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneia” auiieiyao a
iiciaaaoaeueii-iniuneeoaeueiuo i?ioeannao. Aeieacuaaaony eaoaai?eaeueiue
oa?aeoa? iiiyoey «nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneia». Oaeaea enneaaeoaony
niaea?aeaiea iiiyoee «nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay nenoaia»,
«nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneee i?ioean», «nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay
aeayoaeueiinoue», «nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneea ioiioaiey». Aaaeouei
iaoiaeieiae/aneei eiioeaioii enneaaeiaaiey neoaeee oacen i oii, /oi
enoi?e/aneia ?acaeoea auyaeyao aaeeinoai i?ioeannia ?acaeoey
iaoa?eaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, aeooiaiiai i?iecaiaenoaa e i?iecaiaenoaa
naiiai /aeiaaea; i?e yoii i?iecaiaenoai /aeiaaea — “oi?ie?iaaiea
/aeiaaea” — yaeyaony aeaenoaeoaeueiui aioo?aiiei yieoeaio?ii,
noia?nouiinoueth ie?iaie enoi?ee. ?ane?uaaaony aiciiaeiinoue
i?iaeoeoeaiiai i?eiaiaiey iiiyoey «nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneia» a
i?ioeannao nioeeaeueii-oeeinioneiai iiciaiey, iii aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
nicaeaoue oeaeinoioth, ea/anoaaiii niaoeeoe/aneoth ea?oeio enoi?e/aneiai
i?ioeanna eae aeaeaeaiey /aeiaaei-oi?ie?othueo oaeoi?ia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneia,
nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneee i?ioean, nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay
nenoaia, nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue,
nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue, nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneea
ioiioaiey.

SUMMARY

Sklyarov A.P. The concept of Social Pedagogical in the sistem of
categories of Social Phylosophycal knowledge. – Manuscript.

Dissertation submitted for the award of Candidate of Sciencess degree.
Speciality 09.00.03 — The Social Phylosophy and the Phylosophy of
History. Institute of Phylosophy, National Academy of Sciencess,
Ukraine, Kiyev, 1999.

It is definding the manuscript of dissertation, which presents Social
Phylosophycal and Phylosophycal Historical research of the problem of
the essence of concept Social Pedagogical and its plase in the sistem of
categories of Social Phylosophycal knowledge. It was examined the
history of development of notions about The Social Pedagogical in social
self-knowledge. It was defined the essence of concept Social Pedagogical
as the general theoretical, methodological, polyfunctional. The concepts
of concept Social Pedagogical was characterized as the idea of existense
the models of social-cultural activity in cultural, social and natural
objects, the idea of individual and common prosses the humanixation of
Man throw the discipherig the models of activity from the phenomen of
cultural; the ides of being spontaneous and organized prosses of
formation the man; the common-historical development of humanity in the
Wold; the subjective concepts of intentions, standarts, forms, means
of integrations the new generations into the society and culture. It was
proved, that the concept Social Pedagogical is the categoric of the
Sistem of Categories of The Social Phylosophy.

Key words: The Sosial Pedagogical, The Social Pedagogical Sistem, The
Social Pedagogical Prosses, The Social Pedagogical Activity, The Social
Pedagogical Relations.

Noinoea iaeania ae?oea?iy

244021, i.Noie, aoe.E??iaa, 215

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 16.12.99. Oi?iao 60 O 90 1/16 Iai?? ionaoiee.

Oiiai. Ae?oe. A?e. 1,68. Iaeeaae 100. Caiiaeaiiy ?731.

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