Пізні неврологічні наслідки опромінення у ліквідаторів аварії на ЧАЕС: Автореф. дис… канд. мед. наук / О.О. Марцинкевич, Київ. мед. акад. післядипло

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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss I?NEssAeEIEIIII? INA?OE

?I. I.E. OOIEEA

Ia?oeeieaae/ Ieaenaiae? Ieaenaiae?iae/

OAeE 616.831.– 06+612.014.482

I?ci? iaa?ieia?/i? iane?aeee ii?ii?iaiiy

o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN

14.01.15 – ia?aia? oai?iae

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

EE?A-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie ia eaoaae?? iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii aeeoy/i?
iaa?ieia??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?oaeaiei Aiaoie?e THoeiiae/

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii?

ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii

aeeoy/i? iaa?ieiai?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naiinthe ?aai Caoa?iae/, Ee?anueea
iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a o?c?ioa?ai?? oa eo?i?oieia??, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeiieoeueeee Ieaenaiae? ?iiaiiae/,
Ee?anueeee IAe? iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie,
noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ee?i?/ii?
? aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaa?ieia?? oa ineo?ao??? IIC Oe?a?ie (i.Oa?e?a),
a?aeae?eaiiy noaeeiii? iaoieia?? aieiaiiai iiceo.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 24 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 11 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26. 613. 01 i?e Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 254112, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeonueea, 9, aoae. ? 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie
ca aae?anith: 254112, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeonueea, 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17 ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, aeioeaio ?iiaiaiei I.?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?ney aaa??? ia *AAN i?iaeaia iane?aee?a ae??
ii?ii?iaiiy ia i?aai?ci e?ea?aeaoi??a, cie?aia, ia ?o ia?aiao nenoaio,
inoaoi/ii ia ae??oaia. Aaaeeea? aeine?aeaeaiiy c oeueiai i?eaiaeo
cae?eniai? a Iaoeiaiio oeaio?? ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie
(A.?. Iyao, 1991-1998; E.I. Eiaaiianueeee, 1992-1998; I.?. ?oaei?a,
1992-1998; A.I. Eiaaeaiei, 1997), Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie (?.N. Cicoey, 1993,
1995; A.TH. ?oaeaiei, 1993, 1995; TH.?. Aieia/aiei, 1995, 1997;
?.C. Naiinthe, 1995), Ee?anueeiio IAe? iae?io??o?a??
?i. aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie (A.I. ?iiiaeaiia, 1993;
I.?. Aeiieoeueeee, 1992-1998, I.?. E?nyiee, 1993-1998), ?inoeooo?
aa?iioieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (A.ss.I?ioe, 1992,1996), Oe?a?inueeiio IAe?
ee?i?/ii? ? aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaa?ieia?? oa ineo?ao??? IIC Oe?a?ie
(I.A. Aieioei, 1992-1995; O.N.I?uaiei, 1992-1995). Oei ia/a,
ooieoe?iiaeueii-no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a aieiaiiio iiceo o e?ea?aeaoi??a
iathoue ??cio, ?ieiee ae?aiao?aeueii i?ioeeaaeio ioe?ieo. Iniaeeai, oea
noino?oueny ?o iaoiaaiaco ?, cie?aia, anoaiiaeaiiy aeeaaeo ciai?oiueiai
oa aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy o aeieeiaii? ?aae?aoe?eieo iaa?ieia?/ieo
neiae?ii?a ia a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iae? i?ney ?aae?aoe?eii? eaoano?ioe.

Eiio?ieue ca eiioeiaaioii in?a, ui caciaee ae?? ?aae?aoe?? i?ae /an
e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN, iieacaa ia cia/ia c?inoaiiy
na?aae ieo caoai?thaaiino? ? ?iaae?aeiino? a?ae oai?ia ia?aiai? nenoaie
(A.?. Iyao, 1991-1997; ?.I. Oiiacthe, 1991; A.I. Ea?oeo, 1992;
TH.A. Cicoey, 1995.).

Aiaeia?/ia neooaoe?y neeaeanue na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a *a?i?a?anueei?
iaeano?. Oae, ca inoaii? o?noue ?ie?a nia?oi?noue na?aae ieo ae?inea a
2,1 ?ace, cie?aia, a 1,9 ?ace – a?ae aino?iai ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai
e?iaiia?ao. Oaeiae aeo?ae ia ia?aeiio ?iaae?aei?noue a?ae oai?ia
ia?aiai? nenoaie noaiiaeoue 51,5 % ? caeia? ca?ac ia?oa i?noea a
no?oeoo?? ?ioeo i?e/ei (aeai? Oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?, 1996 ?.). Nooo?aei ? ? oa, ui 2.100
(14,5 %)e?ea?aeaoi??a *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? i?iaeiaaeo? i?iaeeaaoe ia
?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo. U?euei?noue caa?oaeiaiiy inoaii?o
ii oeac?th-137 noaiiaeoue a?ae 7 aei 60,6 Eth/ei2 (A.I. A?ooa, 1995), ui
cia/ii ia?aaeuo? aeiionoei? ii?iaoeai? ??ai? ?aae?aoe?? (aei 1 Eth/ei2
 – ca?aeii eiioeaioe?? i?eeiyoi? Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie 27 ethoiai
1991 ?.). Caa?oaeiaiiy ae 2 Eth/ei2 iio?aao? ?aae?aoe?eiiai eiio?ieth ?
aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy (ca iaoa??aeaie I?i/i?iiaeey Oe?a?ie,
1996 ?.).

Inoaii?e oaeo ? iniaeeai aaaeeeaei ? iio?aao? ie?aiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
c iaoith noaa?aeaeaiiy /e aeeeth/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai aieeao aioo??oiueiai
ii?ii?iaiiy ia nooi?iue iaa?ieia?/ieo ci?i o e?ea?aeaoi??a, ye?
i?iaeeaathoue a ciiao ??ciiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. I?ioa,
iaoeiaeo aeaieo i?i caeaaei?noue iicia/aiino? oea?aa?aeueieo ci?i naia
a?ae oaeiai oaeoi?o iaia?. A oeueiio a?aeiioaii? aaaeeeaei ? oaeiae ?
?aae?iiao?e/ia anoaiiaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? oeaieie aieiaiiai iiceo aei
?iei?ii?oaaiiy ?aae?i?cioii?a ae?iaioa?iei oeyoii.

Ioaea, ?niothoue ieoaiiy, ye? iio?aaothoue aea/aiiy, ui ? aecia/a?
aeooaeuei?noue aea?aii? oaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeeiiaia
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueea ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii aeeoy/i? iaa?ieia?? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie: ? 019611010570.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeyaeaiiy iaa?ieia?/ieo i?iya?a o in?a, ye?
caciaee ii?ii?iaiiy i?ae /an ?ia?o ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia
*AAN (1986-1987 ??.) c a?aooaaiiyi ?aae?aoe?eii? caa?oaeiaiino? i?noey
?o iiaeaeueoiai i?iaeeaaiiy oa aecia/aiiy cia/eiino? aioo??oiueiai
ii?ii?iaiiy a iaoiaaiac? iaa?ieia?/ieo ci?i e?ea?aeaoi??a o
a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iae? (7-10 ??.) i?ney ?aae?aoe?eii? eaoano?ioe.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. 1. Aea/eoe oa?aeoa?, nooi?iue ? aeeiai?eo
o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo o e?ea?aeaoi??a, ui caciaee ciai?oiueiai
ii?ii?iaiiy a 1986-1987 ??.

2. Anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? ee?i?ei-iaa?ieia?/ieo ci?i ? ia?aee?i?/ieo
iciae o e?ea?aeaoi??a, ui i?iaeeaathoue ia ?aae?aoe?eii a?aeiinii /enoeo
? caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?.

3. C iaoith aea/aiiy iiaeeeaiai aieeao ia aieiaiee iicie aioo??oiueiai
ii?ii?iaiiy o e?ea?aeaoi??a, a oaeiae in?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia
?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi??? *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?, i?iaanoe
eiai ?aae?iiao??th o iiia?eeo oeeo aeaio a?oi ianaeaiiy.

4. Ni?anoaaeoe ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai ianoaaeaiiy e?ea?aeaoi??a ?
aeai? ?aae?iiao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo iiia?eeo
e?ea?aeaoi??a ? iae?ea?aeaoi??a.

5. Aacoth/enue ia ?acoeueoaoao eiiieaeniiai ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/iiai
ianoaaeaiiy, aecia/eoe cia/aiiy oaeoi?o ?aae?aoe?eii? caa?oaeiaiino?
oa?eoi??? ia nooi?iue oa ?icaeoie iaoieia?/ieo ci?i a aieiaiiio iiceo
e?ea?aeaoi??a ? ?o caoai?thaaiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. 1. Eiiieaeniei ianoaaeaiiyi
anoaiiaeaii, ui o e?ea?aeaoi??a iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN, ye?
i?iaeeaathoue ia ?aae?aoe?eii “/enoeo” ? caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo ? ??ci?
nooiai? o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo.

2. Aia?oa cae?eniaia ?aae?iiao??y aieiaiiai iiceo iiia?eeo, yea
iieacaea, ui o e?ea?aeaoi??a a?aeiinii ?aae?aoe?eii /enoeo ?
caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e oa aeeoae?a eiio?ieueiaaieo ?aeii?a ??aaiue
?iei?ii?aoe?? oeac?th-137 ? ??ciei.

3. I?e ii??aiyii? a?aeiia?aeieo aeaieo aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui:

a) o e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c ?aae?aoe?eii “/enoeo” ?aeii?a ci?ie a aieiaiiio
iiceo oaeoe/ii iaoiiaeai? ii?ii?iaiiyi (ciai?oi?i ? aioo??oi?i)
io?eiaiei eeoa i?ae /an ?ia?o ii e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? ia *AAN;

a) e?ea?aeaoi?e ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e caciathoue
aeiaeaoeiaiai o?ii?/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy aiane?aeie ?iei?ii?aoe??
?aae?iioee?ae?a ?acii c i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy ? iathoue a?eueo
ae?aaeai? iaa?ieia?/i? i?iyae o?aaeaiiy iiceo, ye? iaaoaathoue
o?ii?/iiai ia?aa?ao.

4. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy iae?i?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a oa
ni?anoaaeaiiy ?o c iaa?ieia?/ieie ci?iaie o e?ea?aeaoi??a, ye?
i?iaeeaathoue o ?aeiiao c ??ciei nooiaiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

5. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui o
aaaaoioaeoi?iiio iaoiaaiac? o?aaeaiiy iiceo e?ea?aeaoi??a, ie??i aaea
a?aeiieo i?e/ei: aaiiaeenoee?eoeyoe??, aiaei?ioieneeaoe??,
iae?iaooi?ioiieo ci?i – nooo?aiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? o?eaaea ae?y
?iei?ii?iaaieo ?aae?iioee?ae?a a no?oeoo?ao aieiaiiai iiceo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A?aoiaoth/e, ui o in?a,
ye? caciaee ae?? ii?ii?iaiiy i?ae /an ?ia?o ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
aaa??? ia *AAN (1986-1987 ??.), iathoue i?noea neiioiie o?aaeaiiy
aieiaiiai iiceo ? niiaoe/ieo nenoai, iaa?iiaoieiae oa e?ea?? oe?ieiai
i?io?eth iiaeii? i?eae?eyoe iaeneiaeueio oaaao eiiieaeniiio ianoaaeaiith
e?ea?aeaoi??a.

O?ii?/iee oa?aeoa? ia?aa?ao i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao?? o
e?ea?aeaoi??a, iniaeeai oeo, ui i?iaeeaathoue o eiio?ieueiaaieo ?aeiiao,
iio?aao? ?o iino?eiiai aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy o iaa?iiaoieiaa.

Oaaaa ? a??ia ioe?iea nea?a e?ea?aeaoi??a, ?acii c a?aooaaiiyi
ee?i?ei-iaa?ieia?/iiai oa ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieyoue
nai?/anii ae?aaiinooaaoe o ieo i?ney?aae?aoe?eio aioeaoaeiiao?th ?
?ic?iaeoe eiiieaen iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiiai e?eoaaiiy.

Caaaeath/e ia iaoiaaiaoe/io ?ieue aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy o
noaiiaeaii? oa o?ii?/iiio ?icai?oaii? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano a aieiaiiio
iiceo e?ea?aeaoi??a, iaiao?aeii a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oaeeo oai?eo
aeei?enoiaoaaoe e?ee ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?ii? ? aeac?ioieneeaoe?eii? ae??.

Aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue nooiaiy o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo o e?ea?aeaoi??a
a?ae ?aae?ieia?/iiai caa?oaeiaiiy i?noey ?o i?iaeeaaiiy, aecia/a?
aeioe?euei?noue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe o/anieeai e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? ia *AAN
ia?anaeaiiy a ?aae?aoe?eii /eno? oa?eoi??? c i?iaaaeaiiyi, o
iiaeaeueoiio, e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a.

Iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaaaeaeai? a o/aiaee i?ioean ia eaoaae??
iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii aeeoy/i? iaa?ieia?? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a e?eoaaeueii-
ae?aaiinoe/io ?iaioo e?ea??a iaa?iiaoieia?a iaa?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy
oa a?aeae?eaiiy aeey ?aaa?e?oaoe?? o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? ia *AAN
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeanii? e?ea?i?, iaa?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy i?nueei?
e?ea?i? ? 1 (i. *a?i?a?a), iaa?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy Oeaio?o
?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?, i?i ui
na?ae/aoue aeoe i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia i?ioyaii
1993-1998 ??. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo
o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? ia *AAN ? i?iaaaeaiee ?o a?aea?? oa
ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/i? ianoaaeaiiy. Aeena?oaioii aecia/ai?: oe?eue,
caaea/? ? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ?iaioe. *anoeia eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaaaeaia aaciina?aaeiuei caeiaoaa/ai oa ca eiai
o/anoth. Naiino?eii cae?eniaiee aiae?c, ocaaaeueiaiiy oa noaoenoe/ia
ia?iaea io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeaioiaea noaoae, ioi?ieaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aaoi?aoa?aoo aeeiiai? aeena?oaioii naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii
? iaaiai?aii ia:

a) ieaioi? i?aae?iiy iaoeiai-iaaee/iiai oiaa?enoaa iaa?iiaoieia?a,
ineo?ao??a oa ia?eieia?a. – i. *a?i?aoe?, 1993;

a) 1-io Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? iaa?iiaoieia?a, ineo?ao??a ?
ia?eieia?a Oe?a?ie. – i. Oa?e?a, 1996;

a) iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? i?enay/ai?e 25-??//th noai?aiiy
Euea?anueei? i?nueei? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? oaeaeei? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae. –
i. Euea?a, 1997;

a) ia aeaio iaeanieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo iaa?iiaoieia?a ?
iae?io??o?a?a. – i. *a?i?a?a, 1997, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo ?icaeyiooi oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei caoenoo ia
ni?eueiiio i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae? iaa?ieia??, iaa?ieia??
c eo?nii aeeoy/i? iaa?ieia??, ?aoeaenioa?ai?? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8
iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, o oiio /ene? naiino?eieo – 6. Na?aae ieo 5 noaoae a
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, c yeeo 4 naiino?ei?, 3 oace aeiiia?aeae a iaoa??aeao
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e (c ieo 2 – naiino?ei?).

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 149 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, o?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a c
i?aeoe/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie, i?noeoue 23 oaaeeoe?. Nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e ia?aoiao? 354 aeaea?ae.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

Iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa a?oioo?oueny ia ianoaaeaii?
119 oai?eo (/ieia?ee o a?oe? 21-44 ?iee – 89,9 % ? 45-59 ?ie?a –
10,1 %), ye? a 1986-87 ??. i?eeiaee o/anoue o e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
aaa??? ia *AAN.

Ca?aeii io?oe?eieo aeaieo 57,1 % ianoaaeaieo io?eiaee aeico
ciai?oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy aei 25 aa? (21,82,9 aa?), 11,7 % iaoe??io?a –
a?ae 26 aei 40 aa? (35,44,5 aa?) ? a 31,2 % e?ea?aeaoi??a aeica ia
aecia/aeanue.

Niinoa?aaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? /a?ac 7-10 ?ie?a i?ney aeaaaeaiiy
e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c 30-oe ei ciie ?c a?aooaaiiyi ?aae?ieia?/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oa?eoi??? ?o i?iaeeaaiiy.

Iaa?ieia?/iee noaoon o an?o aeine?aeaeaieo aea/aee ?c caeo/aiiyi
o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a ? i?ia, a oaeiae:

1. Iae?io?c?ieia?/ieo: a) aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?ao?y (16-oe eaiaeueiee
aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?ao o??ie “Iaae?ei?” ?868) ?c canoinoaaiiyi
i?aeia?iaeii? nenoaie a?aeaaaeaiiy AAA «10-20» ? i?iaaie a?aee?eaaiiy oa
cae?eaaiiy i/ae, oioinoeioeyoe??th, o?ueiooaeeeiiith a?ia?aaioeeyoe??th;
a) ?aiaioeaoaeia?ao?y (?aiaioeaoaeia?ao ?4 – 02 c i?ia?aiiei aeieii
“Aai?a” ?AI 800286) c aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeanoioii?/iiai noaio ?
e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai (Oi) ? aa?oaa?iaaceey?iiai aanaei?a
(Ii); a) eiii’thoa?ii? oano i?ia?aie “Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo
ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e ethaeeie” (aia?ao “Iaae?aia-1” AE 1.704.001
AA ? 2086.01) c aecia/aiiyi iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? oa «?ooeeaino?» iniiaieo
i?ioean?a iae?iaeeiai?ee; a) eiii’thoa?ii-iaoaiaoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a
nooiaiy i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao?? aeey ia’?eoea?caoe??
iaa?ieia?/ieo neiioii?a ye i?aai?/iiai oae ? noa’?eoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o
(?.A. Noaiaiaiei, I.A. Aoaeianueea, 1995); ae) oano?a c aeiiiiiaith
oaaeeoeue Ooeueoa o iiaeeo?eaoe?? O.Ae. Ai?aiaa aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia’?io oaaae, aeyaeaiiy oaeaeeino? i???ioaoe?eii iiooeiaeo ?oo?a
iiaeyaeo, oa?aeoa?enoeee “i?aoeacaeaoiino?” ia?aiaeo ee?oei ei?e iiceo.

Eiio?ieueio a?oio i?e cae?eniaii? iae?io?c?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
neeaee 15 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a, ye? ae?? ii?ii?iaiiy ia caciaee.

2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iae?iaooi?ioiieo i?ioean?a c aecia/aiyi a ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? 119 e?ea?aeaoi??a iae?iaooiaioeo?e (a ?icaaaeai? 1:100 ? 1:500)
aei ia?ea??a: a) caaaeueiiai a?eea i??e?io (CAI); a) iae?iiiiai a?eea
(NNA); a)a?eea ie?aiaeaiae?iae?? (S-100), uia i?aeoaa?aeeoe /e
aeeeth/eoe i?aai?/iee oa?aeoa? o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo a ianoaaeaieo.
Niinoa?aaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? a eaai?aoi??? ?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
Ee?anueeiai IAe? iae?io??o?a?? ?i. A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie.

Eiio?ieai aoea ne?iaaoea a?ae 50 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo aeiii??a, ui ia
caciaee ae?? ii?ii?iaiiy.

3. ?aae?iiao??y oeaiei aieiaiiai iiceo iiia?eeo e?ea?aeaoi??a ?
iae?ea?aeaoi??a c iaoith ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?i iayai?noue a eiai
no?oeoo?ao aiaeiaaiiiai iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?i?cioiio oeac?th-137
(44 aeiaaeee). Aanue iaoa??ae ?icae?eaiee ia /ioe?e a?oie: a) oeaieia
iiceo e?ea?aeaoi??a, ye? i?iaeeaaee ia ?aae?aoe?ei?e oa?eoi??? (15
i?ia); a) e?ea?aeaoi??a, ye? i?iaeeaaee ia a?aeiinii aeieia?/ii /eno?e
oa?eoi??? (10 i?ia); a) aeeoae?a (iae?ea?aeaoi??a), ye? i?iaeeaaee ia
?aae?aoe?ei?e oa?eoi??? (9 i?ia); a) aeeoae?a (iae?ea?aeaoi??a), ye?
i?iaeeaaee ia a?aeiinii /eno?e oa?eoi??? (10 i?ia). ?aae?iiao??y
i?iaiaeeeanue aac iiia?aaeiuei? eiioeaio?aoe?? oeaiei iiceo
(niaethaaiiy, aenoooaaiiy). Eiio?ieai aoee iieacieee ?aae?iiao???
iiceiai? oeaieie iae?ea?aeaoi??a ?c a?aeiinii ?aae?aoe?eii /enoiai
?aeiio.

Aaianiaeo?iiao?e/iee aiae?c i?ia iiceiai? oeaieie iiia?eeo cae?eniaiee
ia niaeo?iiao?e/iiio eiiieaen? IIAe AeAAeE ?2463 (aeaoaeoi? aa?iai??aee,
aeeooc?eii-ae?aeoiaaiee eiaeneaeueiee) c aeei?enoaiiyi aaaaoieaiaeueiiai
aiie?ooaeiiai aiae?caoi?o ?iioeuen?a A? 1024-95-I 17 ?1027.
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ?cioiio, ye ? eiai nooi?iue iaeiie/aiiy,
cae?enithaaeanue oeyoii eiii’thoa?iiai ii?aoethaaiiy ca i?ia?aiith
BALOAOIP, aa?n?y 3.02.

4. An?i oai?ei cae?enithaaee caaaeueiee aiae?c e?ia? ? aeine?aeaeoaaee
iieacieee caaaeueii? ?ioiii? nenoaie; aecia/aee ??aaiue o ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? ai?iii?a i?ieaeoeio ? ei?oecieo; ioe?ithaaee niiaoe/iee noai
iioa?i?eeo ia i?aenoaa? a?aeiia?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? caeeth/aiue
aano?iaioi?ieiaa, aiaeie?eiieiaa, o?ieiaa, ea?ae?ieiaa.

5. Aea/aee aeeiai?eo ??aiy caoai?thaaiino? oa nia?oiino? ia
oea?aa?iaaneoey?i? ? ceiye?ni? oai?iae na?aae an?o e?ea?aeaoi??a oa
ianaeaiiy, ye? i?iaeeaathoue a ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo ? a?aeiinii
?aae?aoe?eii /enoeo ?aeiiao *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?.

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a cae?enithaaee ca?aeii c
aeiiaaie AINO 11.004-74 «I?eeeaaeiay noaoenoeea. I?aaeea ii?aaeaeaiey
aeiaa?eoaeueiuo a?aieoe aeey ia?aiao?ia ii?iaeueiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey» c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ia?iaoe? iaaee/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? (Iieyeia
E.A. e ae?., 1975; Ieioea? I.E. e ae?., 1991). A??ia?aei?noue
?ica?aeiinoae oa aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a niinoa?aaeaiue aecia/aee
/a?ac aecia/aiiy iioeaie ?ai?acaioaoeaiino? ? e?eoa??y o Nothaeaioa
(Iieyeia E.A. e ae?., 1975).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. I?e cae?eniaii?
ee?i?ei-iaa?ieia?/ieo oa ia?aee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue niaoe?aeueiiai
i?aeai?o oai?eo ia i?iaiaeeeinue. Ia iie?ee?i?/iiio aoai? iaoe??ioe iaee
nea?ae ? neiioiie, ui na?ae/eee i?i ii?ooaiiy a aieiaiiio iiceo. I?ioa,
ca aeaieie ?o aiaoeaoi?ii-iie?ee?i?/ieo ea?oie, aei 1986 ?ieo ianoaaeai?
aoee caei?iaeie.

Aea/ath/e aeeiai?eo o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo e?ea?aeaoi??a
anoaiiaeaii, ui aiia oa?aeoa?eco?oueny o?ueiooaci?noth ?icai?oaiiy.
Ca?aeii aiaiianoe/ieo aeaieo ia?oa oaca iai?oanoo?oueny iiyaith ie?aieo
iaa?ieia?/ieo iciae ua i?ae /an ?ia?o a cii? aaa??? ia *AAN. I?e oeueiio
86,5 % ?c ieo a?aei?/aee aaea oiae? ie?ai? a?ae/oooy iacaeoaeaiiy. ?o
aiae?c iieacaa, ui aiie aoee aeyaii aeenooieoe?? c aieo aieiaiiai iiceo
? eiai iaieiiie, cie?aia: a?iioaeai?/iiai a?aeae?eo (85,1 %), iaieiiie
iiceo (71,1 %), ei?e (20,5 %), no?oeoo? noiaao?a iiceo (12,4 %).
Neiioiie iaaeinoaoiino? a?iioaeai?/iiai ??aiy i?iyaeyeenue: caaaeueiith
neaae?noth – 39,1 %, niieea?noth – 30,3 %, ci?iaie a?oa??aeueiiai
oeneo – 9,2 %, aaaaoaoeaii-noaeeiieie e?ecaie – 6,5 %. Aaaeeeai, ui o
30,5 % aeine?aeaeaieo, iiceia? neiioiie i?ae /an ?ia?o a ?aae?aoe?ei?e
cii? aeieeaee aino?i, caaaeaee ia oii? aieiaiiai aieth, o aeaeyae?
caiaii?i/aiiy c aethaioith (17,8 %), neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiaeo ?
aaai?inoey?ieo e?ec?a (6,5 %), ao?aoe na?aeiiino? (6,2 %). A oe?eiio,
ee?i?/ia ea?oeia aea? aeinoaoiuei i?aenoaa ioe?ieoe ?? ye i?iyae ci?i c
aieo aieiaiiai iiceo ? eiai iaieiiie a aeaiee ia??iae, oiaoi ye
ia?aeiii? ?aaeoe?? aeacaieo no?oeoo? ia ii?ii?iaiiy.

?aae?aoe?eiee aaiac oaei? ?aaeoe?? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny: 1) oaeoii
ia?aianaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy (io?oe?eii ca?a?no?iaai? aeice ciai?oiueiai
ii?ii?iaiiy); 2) iiina?aaeeiaaii aaiaoieia?/ieie ci?iaie, ye? aoee
eiinoaoiaai? a 1/3 e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c /enea oeo, yeei a?aeiia?aei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue. Aaaeeeai, ui 16,9 % iioa?i?eeo aeaaaeaii
?c 30-oe ei ciie ? aini?oae?ciaaii ii i?e/ei? iiaaieo iieaciee?a e?ia?;
3) iaeiie/aiiyi ?aae?iioee?aeo oeac?th-137 o oeaieiao iiceo iiia?eeo
e?ea?aeaoi??a, ye? i?iaeeaaee ia ?aae?aoe?eii a?aeiinii /enoeo
oa?eoi??yo /a?ac 7-10 ?ie?a i?ney ?o o/ano? a e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? ia
*AAN.

I?ney aeaaaeaiiy ?c 30-oe ei ?aae?aoe?eii? ciie o 84,0 % iioa?i?eeo
ianooiea cia/iee ?aa?an a?eueoino? neiioii?a. Oeae ia??iae ?icoe?ith?ii
ye ae?oao oaco caoai?thaaiiy – inaaaeiiaeoaeaiiy. I?ioa iie?auaiiy
noa’?eoeaiiai noaio o e?ea?aeaoi??a ia icia/aei ?o ae?eniiai iaeoaeaiiy,
ui ? aei?aaaeiao? iacao oeueiai ia??iaeo.

Oiio, aeoeaia o?ce/ia oa ?icoiiaa ?iaioa /a?ac 1-3 ?iee i?ney
aeaaaeaiiy e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c oa?eoi??? aieeao ii?ii?iaiiy i?eaaea aei
iiiiaeaiiy o ieo nea?a aino?i? oace. Ana oea noaiiaeei ii/aoie o?aouei?
oace caoai?thaaiiy – eiai aeaeiiiainaoe??.

Iaa?ieia?/ia neiioiiaoeea ia aeaiee ia??iae aeacoaaea, ia ia?inoaiiy
i?aai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo. I?e oeueiio, an? e?ea?aeaoi?e
iaee iciaee aeenooieoe?? a?iioaeaiona, ye? iai?oanooaaeenue aeaiia
aa??aioaie: 1) ia?iaiaioiei (iai?iii-aiaeie?eiieo ci?i): i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy ei?oecieo (52,1 %) ? i?ieaeoeio (42,1 %), noaoaa? ?iceaaee
(42,8 %), i?aeaeuaiiy iane o?ea (28,6 %), caaaeueiee a?ia?a?ae?ic
(27,1 %), aeiaae?iiy aieinny aei iaeen?iiy (25,2 %);

2) ia?ieneciaeueiei aaaaoaoeaii-noaeeiiei, o aeaeyae? oeiiaeo
a?iioaeai?/ieo e?ec?a (86,5 %). I?e oeueiio 71,2 % e?ea?aeaoi??a
aeacoaaee ia c?inoaiiy /anoioe i?enooi?a.

Iaeii/anii iaa?ieia?/iee neiae?ii na?ae/ea i?i iaaeinoaoi?noue no?oeoo?
noiaao?a aieiaiiai iiceo, cie?aia, i?i aeenooieoe?th: a) anioe?aoeaii?
nenoaie caaeiueiai iiacaeiaaeiueiai io/ea (neaae?noue eiiaa?aaioe?? –
64,7 %, iiceoeaia i?iaa ?iiaa?aa – 62,2 %, neiioii Oaaei?iai? – 56,4 %,
aeeieii?y i?e eiiaa?aaioe?? – 36,1 %, neiioii Iaa?ona – 33,6 %,
i?noaai – 22,7 %); a) aanoeaoey?ieo yaea? (caiaii?i/aiiy – 88,2 %,
iaia?aiinei?noue aenioe – 61,4 %); a) eioeaa?ieo yaea? – cieaeaiiy neooo
(45,3 %).

Aeyaaie e??eiai? aeenooieoe?? aoee: ii?ooaiiy nio (89,6 %), iaa?ioe/iee
neiae?ii (77,3 %), cieaeaiiy iai’yo? (71,4 %), ao?aoa na?aeiiino?
(31,9 %), iiceoeaiee ?aoeaen Ia??ianei-?aaeia?/? (21,8 %). I?i ci?ie
e??eiaiai ??aiy na?ae/eee oaeiae aeai? AAA (o 56,1 % oai?eo ?a?no?oaaany
“ieineee” oei AAA ? o 78,4 % – niaeaoe iaaenieeo oaoa-oaeeue,
oiia?eueiaieo aeueoa-iiae?aieo eieeaaiue). A?eaoa?aeueii-neio?iii?
niaeaoe eiiieaen?a: “i?e – iia?eueia oaeey” – aeacoaaee ia noaeiiio
aeoeai?noue iiceo ? i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaee ai?eaioi?aeiee oa?aeoa? i?enooi?a
o 2,1 % oai?eo.

Oaeei /eiii, i?e aeine?aeaeaii? oai?eo o o?ao?e oac? caoai?thaaiiy o
an?o e?ea?aeaoi??a aeyaeai? neiioiie, ye? na?ae/eee i?i o?aaeaiiy
no?oeoo? aieiaiiai iiceo e??eiaiai, a?iioaeai?/iiai ? noiaao?iaiai
??ai?a.

A?aoiaioii, ui na?ae/ea i?i i?aai?/ia o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo, aoei
anoaiiaeaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy oeo??a aioeo?e o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? e?ea?aeaoi??a
aei ia?ea??a caaaeueiiai a?eea i??e?io – CAI (86,63,2 %, ?<0,05), iae?iiiiai a?eea NNA (74,24,1 %, ?<0,05), a?eea ie?aiaeaiae?iae?? – S-100 (27,45,6% ?>0,05). Ca?aeii io?eiaieo aeaieo, iaaooue, iaea?eueoiai
o?aaeaiiy caciathoue i??e?iia? no?oeoo?e ? ia?aia? ee?oeie. Oiio,
?icoe?ithaaoe caoai?thaaiiy iiceo o e?ea?aeaoi??a ye ooieoe?iiaeuei?,
iaaei?aaaeaii. I/aaeaeii ?i ni?eyee iayai? o ieo ci?ie ? a niiaoe/iiio
noaoon?, ye: o?ii?/i? ? aino?? oi?ie caoai?thaaiue i?aai?a
oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo – 86,5 %, aoo??ai?aeia a?ia?ieac?y ueoiaeaeii?
caeice ?-?? nooiaith – 67,2 %, ??ci? aa??aioe o?a?iiaoicieo
caoai?thaaiue – 9,2 %, eaoaioia oi?ia ae?aaaoo – 2,5 %.

Ie??i oiai o 72,2 % iaoe??io?a eiinoaoiaai? a?aeoeeaiiy a caaaeuei?e
?ioii?e nenoai?, ui i?iyaeyeinue cieaeaiiyi O-e?ioioeeo?a (37,75,1 %,
?<0,05), A-e?ioioeeo?a (31,94,9 %, ?<0,05), ai?noo ?ioiiaeiaoe?io G (32,84,9 %, ?<0,05), ??aiy ?ioiiaeiaoe?io I (26,54,6 %, ?<0,05), ??aiy ?ioiiaeiaoe?io A (16,72,6 %, ?<0,05). Aoee oaeiae, ia??aeei, a?aeoeeaiiy ? o aaiia?ai? (76,4 %). Aeyaeai? ci?ie noaio niiaoe/ieo i?aai?a, iieaciee?a aaiia?aie oa ?ioi?oaoo na?ae/aoue, ui i?e ?aae?aoe?ei?e o?aai? o?aaeathoueny an? nenoaie i?aai?cio. I?ioa, /a?ac aeae?eueea ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN, anoaiiaeoe ca'ycie i?ae iaa?ieia?/ieie ci?iaie (ye ? niiaoe/ieie) ? ia?aianaiei ciai?oi?i ii?ii?iaiiyi, i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai ?c-ca a?aenooiino? aeinoia??ieo aeaieo i?i oaeoe/iee ??aaiue io?eiaiiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. A oie aea /an, i?e/aoi?noue aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy aei ?o iiyae iiee ui ia anoaiiaeaia. Naia oiio iaie cae?eniaia ?aae?iiao??y oeaieie iiceo 44 iiia?eeo, ?c yeeo 25 aoee e?ea?aeaoi?aie ?? eaoaai???, a ?aooa – 19 aeeoae? (iae?ea?aeaoi?e). Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? c a?aooaaiiyi ?aae?aoe?eii? caa?oaeiaiino? i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy iiia?eeo. Na?aaei?e a?e iiia?eeo e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c ?aae?aoe?eieo oa?eoi??e neeaa 42,42,4 ?., a a?aeiinii /enoeo – 47,12,5 ?. Na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a o 41,7 % aeiaaee?a nia?oue ianooieea a?ae aino?i? na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?, o 29,1 % – a?ae aaii?aa?/iiai ?inoeueoo. Io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?iiao??? aieiaiiai iiceo iiia?eeo iieacaee, ui: 1. A oeaieiao iiceo e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa a?aeiinii /enoeo ?aeii?a ? aeeoae?a ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo, ? iaeiie/aiiy oeac?th-137. 2. O an?o iiia?eeo aeeoae?a, ?c ?aae?aoe?eii a?aeiinii /enoeo ?aeii?a, iieacieee aeoeaiino? ?aae?i?cioiio noaiiaeee < 10 iEth/ea (eiio?ieueia a?oia), a o e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c oaeeo aea oa?eoi??e aiie aoee a 10-50 ?ac?a aeu?. Na?aaeiueia?eoiaoe/iee iieaciee o oe?e a?oi? a?aeiia?aeii aoa 3101,566 iEth/ea (?<0,05). 3. Aeoeai?noue oeac?th-137 o iae?ea?aeaoi??a ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo ?aa?ii?a neeaea a?ae 100 aei 130 iEth/ea, a o e?ea?aeaoi??a eieeaaeanue a iaaeao a?ae 200 aei 2400 iEth/ea. Na?aaeiueia?eoiaoe/iee iieaciee o oeeo a?oiao noaiiaea a?aeiia?aeii 1561,088 iEth/ea ? 6694,432 iEth/ea (?<0,05), oiaoi o e?ea?aeaoi??a iaeiie/aiiy ?cioiio oeac?th-137 a no?oeoo?ao iiceo a na?aaeiueiio aoei a 4,3 ?ac?a a?eueoa i?ae o oeo, ye? a cii? aoiiii? aeaeo?inoaioe?? ia i?aoethaaee. Iieacieee ?aae?iiao??? aieiaiiai iiceo o ??cieo a?oiao aeine?aeaeaieo nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny. Iaea?eueoa ??cieoey aeyaeeanue i?e ni?anoaaeai? aeaieo (Ii) ?aae?iiao??? o in?a, ye? i?iaeeaaee ia a?aeiinii /enoeo oa?eoi??yo ? e?ea?aeaoi?aie ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo i?noeaainoae. Iieacieee a inoaii?o aoee aeu? a 66 ?ac?a (?<0,05) i?ae o aeeoae?a ?c aeieia?/ii a?aeiinii /enoeo ?aa?ii?a. A 30 ?ac?a (?<0,05) iieacieee aeyaeeenue aeu? o e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c “/enoeo” ?aa?ii?a, i?ae o ?o aeeoae?a. Iaoii?noue, aeoeai?noue oeac?th-137 a no?oeoo?ao iiceo iaoeaioe?a ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo ?aa?ii?a iaeano? aoea a 15 ?ac?a aeua (?<0,05) i?ae o “/enoeo”. ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?iiao??? aeicaieythoue aeciaoe, ii-ia?oa – oaeo iayaiino? a oeaiei? iiceo ?aae?i?cioiio oeac?th-137, a oea na?ae/eoue, ui aeaaaeaiiy oeueiai ?aae?i?cioiio aai ia cae?enith?oueny cian?i, aai aiii ? iaaeinoaoi?i ? oiio eiai caeeoee noiothoueny ?c caiiai iinooiath/eie aeicaie oeac?th-137, ui ca?eueoo? ia?inoaiiy eiai ?iei?ii?aoe?? c a?aeiia?aeieie iaa?ieia?/ieie iane?aeeaie – o?ii?/ii? i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao??; ii-ae?oaa, ui ??aaiue eiai aeoeaiino? o an?o iiia?eeo ? aeuee, yeui aiie i?iaeeaaee ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo. Ioaea, i?iaeeaaiiy a ?aeiiao c i?aeaeuaiei ??aiai ?aae?iioee?ae?a coiiaeth? iiyao aai c?inoaiiy ?iei?ii?aoe?? ?aae?i?cioii?a o oeaiei? iiceo. Ine?eueee o e?ea?aeaoi??a c aeieia?/ii caa?oaeiaieo ?aa?ii?a iieacieee aeoeaiino? oeac?th-137 a 4 ?ace (?<0,05) aeu? i?ae o aeeoae?a oeeo aea ?aa?ii?a (iae?ea?aeaoi??a), oi iaiao?aeii aeciaoe, ui aeyaeaia ??cieoey iaoiiaeaia oei, ui e?ea?aeaoi?e naia i?ae /an ?ia?o a cii? aaa??? aaea caciaee ?iei?ii?aoe?? oeac?th-137 a oeaieie iiceo. Oaeee aeniiaie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny anoaiiaeaiiyi oaeoo, ui aeoeai?noue oeac?th-137 aoea a 30 ?ac?a (?<0,05) aeua o e?ea?aeaoi??a i?ae o aeeoae?a, oi/a iaeaea? a?oie i?iaeeaaee ia aeieia?/ii a?aeiinii /enoeo oa?eoi??yo. O ianooiiiio, i?iaeeaaiiy ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo i?eaaei aei aeiaeaoeiai? ?iei?ii?aoe?? ?aae?iioee?ae?a ca ?aooiie niiaeeaaiiy “ia/enoeo” i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oaeiae oei, ui e?ea?aeaoi?e ?c ?aae?aoe?eieo ?aeii?a iaee a 2 ?ace (?<0,05) aeu? iieacieee iaeiie/aiiy oeac?th-137, i?ae e?ea?aeaoi?e ?c a?aeiinii /enoeo i?noeaainoae. ?c i?iaaaeaieo ?aae?iiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iacaia?a/ii aeieeaa?, ui ii?yae ?c ae??th ciai?oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy aioo??oi? o ieo aoei ua a aino??e oac? ?aae?aoe?eiiai o?aaeaiiy iiceo. ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?iiao??? oeaiei iiceo iiia?eeo ? oe?iieie oaeiae a oiio ieai?, ui aiie: 1. Na?ae/aoue, ui iaa?ieia?/i? ci?ie o e?ea?aeaoi??a o a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iae? nooo?ai iaoiiaeththoueny o?ii?/iith ?iei?ii?aoe??th a no?oeoo?ao iiceo ?aae?iioee?aeo oeac?th-137. 2. ? aaaeeeaei a?aoiaioii ia ei?enoue ioe?iee o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo o e?ea?aeaoi??a ye o?ii?/ii?, naia i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao??. Cae/aeii, ui oi?ioaaiith o?ii?/ii? i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao?? ni?eythoue oaeiae anoaiiaeai? iaie oa ?ioeie aaoi?aie i?ioeane aiaeiaaiiiai oieneeico, iae?iaooi?ioii? ? aaiiaeenoee?eoeyoi?i? ci?ie. Uiaei inoaiiueiai, oi ca?aeii iaoeo ?aiaioeaoaeia?ao?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue o 80,6 % ianoaaeaieo aeyaeyany a?ia?oiion noaeei (/ano?oa o aa?oaa?iaaceey?iiio aanaei? – (79,7 %) i?ae o ea?ioeaeiiio – (62,4 %)). sseui, ca iaoeie aeaieie, a ooeiaeaeaii? aieiaiiai iiceo e?ea?aeaoi??a cia/io ?ieue a?ae?a?a? aioo??oi? ii?ii?iaiiy, oi ne?ae i?eionoeoe, ui a?eueo o?eaaea iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?i?cioii?a a eiai no?oeoo?ao aoaea ia o?eueee i?aeo?eioaaoe, aea oaeiae, ui c iaeiiai aieo iaoiiaethaaoeia o?ii?/io, a c ?ioiai – i?ia?anoth/o i?ney?aae?aoe?eio aioeaoaeiiao?th. ? ae?enii, /anoioa an?o iaoieia?/ieo iaa?ieia?/ieo neiioii?a aeyaeeanue a?eueoith o e?ea?aeaoi??a, ye? i?iaeeaaee a ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo i?ae “/enoeo” ?aeiiao. Cie?aia: aneiao??y /a?aaieo ?aoeaen?a o ieo aoea a 6 ?ac?a /ano?oa (?<0,05), cieaeaiiy neooo o 2 ?ace (?<0,05), neiioiie ?iiaa?aa ? Oaaei?iai? aoee iiceoeaieie /ano?oa a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,05), a ?ioiaee ?aoeaen A?oo???aa a 1,4 ?ace (?<0,05). Ia a?iioaeai?/i? e?ece a oe?e a?oi? aeacoaaee 77,27,8 % ianoaaeaieo, oiae? ye a ?io?e 45,85,5 % (?<0,05). Ie??i oiai, oai?? c ai?eain??th oaeiae aoee o?eueee ?c oe??? a?oie aeine?aeaeaieo. Oaea ae caeiiii??i?noue i?aeoaa?aeaeaia c?noaaeaiiyi iaoaiaoe/iiai ?iaeaeno ee?i?/ii? aaaeeino? o?ii?/ii? i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao??. Na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e aioeaoaeiiao?y ?-ai nooiaith cian?i ia cono??/aeanue, ??-ai nooiaith aoea a 6 ?ac?a ??aeoa (?<0,05), i?ae a ia?o?e; ???-y nooi?iue eiinoaooaaeanue iaeaea a 2 ?ace /ano?oa (?<0,05), i?ae na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c a?aeiinii /enoeo ?aeii?a ? noaiiaeea ?aeeio aaaeeo nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy iiceo o iioa?i?eeo ?c ?aae?aoe?eieo oa?eoi??e. Oaeiae oeo? aioeo?e aei ia?ea??a caaaeueiiai a?eea i??e?io ? iae?iiiiai a?eea a 1,5 ?ace /ano?o aoa i?aeaeuaiee o e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c eiio?ieueiaaieo i?noeaainoae, i?ae ?c a?aeiinii /enoeo (?icaaaeaiiy 1:100, ?<0,05). A ?ioiio ?icaaaeaii? – 1:500, aiie aoee /ano?oeie a?aeiia?aeii a 1,3 oa 3,7 ?ace (?<0,05). Oaeei /eiii, c?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a o?ueio ??cieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ye i?aai?/iee oa?aeoa? ci?i a aieiaiiio iiceo e?ea?aeaoi??a, oae ? eiai a?eueo cia/ia o?aaeaiiy o oeo, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo. Anoaiiaeaia i?e ee?i?ei-iaa?ieia?/ieo oa ia?aee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oaea caeaaei?noue i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ? noaoenoe/ieie iieacieeaie na?aae an?o e?ea?aeaoi??a, ui i?iaeeaathoue a eiio?ieueiaaieo ?aeiiao *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?. Cie?aia, ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? (ia 100 oen. ianaeaiiy) a 1992-1997 ??. ia oea?aa?iaaneoey?i? oai?iae na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c caa?oaeiaieo ?aeii?a aeuee a?ae oaeeo aea iieaciee?a na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c “/enoeo” ?aeii?a a 1,5 – 7,5 ?ace. Caoai?thaai?noue ia ceiye?ni? oai?iae na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a eiio?ieueiaaieo ?aeii?a aeua a 1,5-3,6 ?ace, i?ae o ii??aithth/eo, a?aeiinii /enoeo. Aeo?ae ia ?iaae?aei?noue na?aae iioa?i?eeo ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo ?aeii?a oaeiae aeuee ca oe? ae ?iee niinoa?aaeaiue. Caaaeueiee iieaciee nia?oiino? (ia 10 oen. ianaeaiiy) na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c eiio?ieueiaaieo ?aeii?a c 1987 ii 1996 ??. neeaa 569,5, a o “/enoeo” 469,8. I?e oeueiio nia?oi?noue na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a i?aeeiio?ieueieo ?aeii?a a?ae na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue oa ?inoeueo?a (1992-1995 ??.) noaiiaeea 96,3, a ?c “/enoeo” 66,9 – a?eueoa a 1,4 ?ace. Nia?oi?noue a?ae iieieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue aoea, a?aeiia?aeii 67,0 na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c eiio?ieueiaaieo ? 46,9 ?c “/enoeo” – a?eueoa ia 40 %. I?i oa, ui ?ii?coth/a ?aae?aoe?y o?aaea? ia o?eueee aieiaiee iicie, ui coiiaeth? ?icaeoie i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao??, aea ? a?ae'?iii aieeaa? ia iieacieee caei?ia'y anueiai ianaeaiiy, na?ae/aoue noaoenoe/i? aeai? ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo ?aeii?a *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?. Oae, caoai?thaai?noue ia oea?aa?iaaneoey?i? oai?iae c?inea c 1985 ii 1997 ??., iai?eeeaae, ii *a?i?a?anueeiio ?aeiio o 18,2 ?ace, Naiai?anueeiio 34,1, a na?aae aeeoae?a “/enoeo” ?aeii?a iaea?eueoee i?e??no ii Ui?nueeiio ?aeiio – 8,5 ?ace. Iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? (ia 100 oen. ianaeaiiy) ia oea?aa?iaaneoey?i? oai?iae, ceiye?ni? iiaiooai?aiiy, ceiye?ni? caoai?thaaiiy e?ia? ? e?ioaoe/ii? nenoaie na?aae ianaeaiiy eiio?ieueiaaieo ?aeii?a o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiinii “/enoeie” ?aeiiaie ? aeueie ca an? ?iee – c 1990 ii 1997 ??. I?e /iio, iaiao?aeii iaaieineoe, ui iieacieee caei?ia’y, caoai?thaaiino?, ia?aeiii? ?iaae?aeiino?, nia?oiino?, ye? ? ia?aeiieeai aeu? a ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo ciiao *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? ye na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a oae ? aeeoae?a iacaia?a/ii aeiaiaeeoue, ui ca aeaieo oiia naia oaeoi? ?aae?aoe?eii? ae?? ? aecia/ath/ee. I?aenoiiaoth/e, iiaeia neacaoe: I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ie ia o?eueee i?aeoaa?aeeee iayai?noue i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao?? o e?ea?aeaoi??a, aea oaeiae anoaiiaeee aeiaeaoeia? oaeoe, ui ooi/iththoue ?? iaoiaaiac. E??i oeueiai, aea/aiiy aeayeeo iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? ? nia?oiino? iieacaei, ui aiie ? cia/ii a??oeie na?aae e?ea?aeaoi??a ? ianaeaiiy, ye? i?iaeeaathoue a ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo ?aeiiao *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?. Inoaii?e oaeo i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui ?ii?coth/a ?aae?aoe?y, coiiaeaia aaa???th ia *AAN, iioeiaeaeo? an? nenoaie i?aai?cio, a oea noai?th? iani?eyoeeaee niiaoe/iee oii aeey caeo/aiiy iaoai?ci?a ? ?ano?n?a naiiaaiaco oaeeo oai?eo acaaae? ? aeey e?eoaaiiy i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao??, cie?aia. Aeniiaee 1. O an?o ianoaaeaieo o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN aeyaeaii ee?i?/i? iciaee i?aai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo ??ciiai nooiaiy ae?aaeaiino?, na?aae yeeo iaea?eueo nooo?aeie aoee neiioiie a?iioaeai?/ii? aeenooieoe?? o ia?iaiaioiiio ? ia?ieneciaeueiiio aa??aioao, aai ?o eiia?iaoe??. 2. I?aai?/iee oa?aeoa? ee?i?ei-iaa?ieia?/ieo ci?i i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iae?i?ioiieia?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie, ye? iieacaee i?aeaeuaiiy oeo?o aioeo?e aei ia?ea??a a?eea i??e?io (86,63,2 %) ? iae?iiiiai a?eea (74,24,1 %) aieiaiiai iiceo iioa?i?eeo. 3. Ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo o e?ea?aeaoi??a ia? o?e oace: aino?o, inaaaeiiaeoaeaiiy (noaeiiiainaoe??) oa aeaeiiiainaoe?? c o?ii?caoe??th i?ioeano. 4. ?aae?iiao??y oeaieie aieiaiiai iiceo o iiia?eeo e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c ?aeii?a ??ciiai nooiaiy ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, ye ? in?a (iae?ea?aeaoi??a), eio?? iino?eii i?iaeeaaee ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?, aeyaeea iayai?noue ?aae?i?cioiio oeac?th-137 a eiai no?oeoo?ao, ui iiaeeeai eeoa ca oiia aioo??oiuei? ?iei?ii?aoe?? ?aae?iioee?aeo. 5. A oeaiei? iiceo iiia?eeo e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, ye? iino?eii i?iaeeaaee ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo ?V-? ? 30-oe e?eiiao?iai? cii ?aae?iiao?e/ii anoaiiaeaii, ui aeoeai?noue ?cioiio oeac?th-137 o ieo a 4 ?ace a?eueoa i?ae o ianoaaeaieo aeeoae?a oeeo aea cii, aea ye? o/ano? a e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? ia a?aee ? a 2 ?ace aeua, i?ae o e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c a?aeiinii ?aae?aoe?eii /enoeo ?aeii?a. 6. Ni?anoaaeaiiy ?aae?iiao?e/ieo aeaieo aea? i?aenoaao aeciaoe, ui a aino??e oac? (i?ae /an ?ia?o a ?aae?aoe?ei?e cii?) e?ea?aeaoi?e caciaee ia o?eueee ciai?oiueiai, aea ? aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy, yea a iiaeaeueoiio, ii?yae ?c iaoieia?/ieie ci?iaie ??cieo niiaoe/ieo nenoai, iaoiiaeththoue i?aai?/ia o?aaeaiiy iiceo ? ni?eythoue ?icaeoeo o?ii?/ii? i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao??. 7. O e?ea?aeaoi??a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo ? a?eueo cia/eiee nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo, i?ae o e?ea?aeaoi??a ?c a?aeiinii ?aae?aoe?eii /enoeo ?aeii?a, ui ca?aeii aeaieo ?aae?iiao??? nooo?ai iaoiiaeth?oueny o?eaaeith aeiaeaoeiaith ?iei?ii?aoe??th ?aae?iioee?ae?a. 8. Ia i?aenoaa? anoaiiaeaiiai oaeoo, ui iaa?ieia?/i? ci?ie, ia a?aeaeaeaiiio i?ney aaa??? ia??iae?, ca iaoiaaiaoe/ieie iaoai?ciaie ? ?acoeueoaoii ia o?eueee ciai?oiueiai, aea oaeiae ? aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy, iaiao?aeii a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN aeei?enoiaoaaoe e?ee c ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?ieie oa aeac?ioieneeaoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie. 9. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/athoue ca aeioe?eueia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe e?ea?aeaoi?ai a?aenaeaiiy ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e a aeieia?/ii /eno? ?aa?iie oa iiaeaeueoa i?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, c iaoith caiia?aaiiy iiaeeaeaiiy ? o?ii?caoe?? o ieo i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao??. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. Ia?oeeieaae/ I.I. Iaa?ieia?/i?, iae?i?ioii?, iae?iai?iiiaeuei? ? ?ioiieia?/i? ci?ie o e?ea?aeaoi??a iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN // Oe?a?inueeee A?niee ineoiiaa?ieia??. – 1996. – Oii ? 4.– Aei. 5 (12). – N. 64-66. 2. Ia?oeeieaae/ I.I., Iaoii A.Ae. ?aae?iiao??y aieiaiiai iiceo iiia?eeo e?ea?aeaoi??a iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN ? aeeoae?a, ui i?iaeeaaee ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi??? // Oe?a?inueeee A?niee ineoiiaa?ieia??. – 1996. – Oii ? 4.– Aei. 5 (12). – N. 66-67. 3. Ia?oeeieaae/ I.I. A?aeaeaeai? iaa?ieia?/i? iane?aeee ii?ii?iaiiy o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN // E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. – 1997. – ? 6. – N. 29-31. 4. Ia?oeeieaae/ I.I. Iaa?ieia?/i? oa ?aae?iiao?e/i? iieacieee o e?ea?aeaoi??a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? // E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. – 1998. – ? 4. – N.16-18. 5. Ia?oeeieaae/ I.I. ?aae?iniaeo?iiao??y oeaieie aieiaiiai iiceo iiia?eeo e?ea?aeaoi??a iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN oa iae?ea?aeaoi??a, ui i?iaeeaaee ia ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa a?aeiinii ?aae?aoe?eii /enoeo oa?eoi??yo // Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiae?aeiee aeo?iae. – 1998. – ? 2-3. – N. 26-29. 6. A?ooa A.I., Iaoii A.Ae., Ia?oeeieaae/ I.I. A?iaeaeo?e/ia aeoeai?noue aieiaiiai iiceo a in?a, ye? caciaee aieeao iaeeo aeic ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy // Oace aeiiia?aeae ieaioio i?aae?iiy iaoeiai-iaaee/iiai oiaa?enoaa iaa?iiaoieia?a, ineo?ao??a oa ia?eieia?a “Ee?i?ei-nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaa ?aaa?e?oaoe?y a iaa?ieia??, ineo?ao??? oa ia?eieia??” (*a?i?aoe?, 24-25 /a?aiy, 1993). –  *a?i?aoe?, 1993. – N. 17. 7. Ia?oeeieaae/ I.I. Aino?? ?aae?ioea?aa?aeuei? aoaeoe o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN // Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? aniaeoe iaa?aeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae” (Euea?a, 27-28 ethoiai, 1997). – Euea?a, 1997. – Ei. 2. – N. 137-138. 8. Ia?oeeieaae/ I.I. Iae?ieioiiua e ?aaeeiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee o eeeaeaeaoi?ia aaa?ee ia *AAN // Oacenu aeieeaaeia O??? ?inneeneie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee “Oaeoi?u eeaoi/iiai e aoii?aeueiiai eiioieoaoa i?e ?acee/iuo oeceieiae/aneeo e iaoieiae/aneeo ninoiyieyo”. – *aeyaeine, 1997. – N. 93. Aiioaoe?? Ia?oeeieaae/ I.I. I?ci? iaa?ieia?/i? iane?aeee ii?ii?iaiiy o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.15 – ia?aia? oai?iae. – Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aea/aiith /a?ac 7-10 ?ie?a i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN ci?i aieiaiiai iiceo o in?a, ye? caciaee ae?? ciai?oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy i?ae /an e?ea?aeaoe?? ?? iane?aee?a (1986-1987 ??.). A ?iaio? ooi/ith?oueny iaoiaaiac iaa?ieia?/ieo ci?i o e?ea?aeaoi??a. O aeine?aeaeaieo anoaiiaeaii ee?i?/ii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iae?i?ioiieia?/ii i?aai?/iee oa?aeoa? ooeiaeaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo. Caoai?thaaiiy ?icai?oa?oueny o o?ueio oacao: aino?i?, noaeiiiainaoe??, aeaeiiiainaoe?? c o?ii?caoe??th. Aaiianiaeo?iiao?e/ii aeyaeaii oeac?e-137 a no?oeoo?ao oeaieie aieiaiiai iiceo iiia?eeo e?ea?aeaoi??a, ye? i?iaeeaaee ye ia /enoeo oae ? ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo. ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?iiao??? iieacaee, ui ?iei?ii?aoe?y ?aae?i?cioii?a iaea i?noea a aino??e oac? ? caa??aa?oueny ia a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iae?. O?eaaea iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?iioee?ae?a nooo?ai aieeaa? ia ?icaeoie i?ney?aae?aoe?eii? aioeaoaeiiao?? o e?ea?aeaoi??a. Oaeoi? ?aae?aoe?eii? caa?oaeiaiino? i?noeaaino? aeiaeaoeiai iiaeeaeth? nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo o e?ea?aeaoi??a. Aeaia ianoaaeia aecia/a? aeioe?euei?noue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe e?ea?aeaoi?ai a?aenaeaiiy ?c ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iane?aeee ii?ii?iaiiy, i?ney?aae?aoe?eia aioeaoaei-iao?y, ?iei?ii?aoe?y ?aae?iioee?ae?a, ?aae?iiao??y oeaiei aieiaiiai iiceo. Marcinkevich A.A. A remote neurologic consequences after radiation of people who liqidate the damage on the ChNPP (Chornobil Nucler Power Plant). – Manuscript. The candidate of medical sciences specializes 14.01.15 – nervous diseases. – Kyiv Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education named after P.Shupyk Health Ministry of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. This thesis is dedicated to the questions of learning person's encephalon changes in a remote period (7-10 years) after radiation during the liquidation of consequences on the ChNPP. This work specifies the pathogenesis of liquidator's cerebral changes. It was clinically defined and neuroimmunologic confirmed the organic nature of encephalon's injury. The disease is developed in three phases: acute, subcompensation, decompensation with chronisation. The gammaspectro-metry of dead liquidator's encephalon was exposed cesium-137 (Cs137) in its structures. The results of the radiometry showed that the action of incorporative radioisotopes took place in the acute phase and preserved to the remote phase after damage. The long incorporation of radionucles in liquidator’s encephalon influences on the development of postradiation encephalopathy. The factor of radiation pollution of the territory agrowates neurologic deficit in liquidator’s encephalon. This circumstance postulates realisation of decisions about their migration from these territories. Key words: consequences of radiation, postradiation encephalopathy, incorporation of radionucles, radiometry of encephalon tissue. Ia?oeuieaae/ A.A. Ioaeae?iiua iaa?ieiae/aneea iineaaenoaey iaeo/aiey o eeeaeaeaoi?ia aaa?ee ia *AYN. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ca niaoeeaeueiinoueth 14.01.15 – ia?aiua aieacie. – Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei. I.E. Ooieea IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?ino eco/aiey iaa?ieiae/aneeo nei-ae?iiia o eeeaeaeaoi?ia ia?aianoeo iaeo/aiea ai a?aiy eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN (1986-1987 aa.) a ioaeaeaiiii ia?eiaea (7-10 eao) iinea ?aaeeaoeeiiiie eaoano?iou e ii?aaeaeaieth ?iee aioo?aiiaai iaeo/aiey a iaoiaaiaca iaa?ieiae/aneeo eciaiaiee o o/anoieeia eeeaeaeaoeee aaa?ee ia *AYN n o/aoii ?aaeeaoeeiiiie oa?aeoa?enoeee oa?eoi?ee i?iaeeaaiey iioa?iaaoeo. A ?aaioa enneaaeiaaiu: 1. iaa?ieiae/aneee noaoon eeeaeaeaoi?ia n i?eiaiaieai o?aaeeoeeiiiuo iaoiaeia e i?ia, a oaeaea iae?ioeceieiae/aneeo – yeaeo?iyioeaoaeia?aoee, ?aiyioeaoaeia?aoee, eiiiuethoa?iie oano i?ia?aiiu “Enneaaeiaaiea iniiaiuo ineoioeceieiae/aneeo ooieoeee /aeiaaea”, eiiiuethoa?ii-iaoaiaoe/aneeo ?an/aoia noaiaie iinea?aaeeaoeeiiiie yioeaoaeiiaoee; 2. iae?iaooieiioiiua i?ioeannu n ii?aaeaeaieai oeo?a iae?iaooiaioeoae e ia?ea?ai iauaai aaeea ieaeeia, iae?iiiiai aaeea, aaeea ieeaiaeaiae?iaeee; 3. iieacaoaee iauaai aiaeeca e?iae e iauae eiioiiie nenoaiu; o?iaaiue a nu?iaaoea e?iae ai?iiiia i?ieaeoeia e ei?oeciea; niiaoe/aneee noaoon iioa?iaaoeo; aeeiaieeo o?iaiy caaieaaaaiinoe e nia?oiinoe ia oea?aa?iaaneoey?iua e ceiea/anoaaiiua aieacie n?aaee eeeaeaeaoi?ia e ianaeaiey ?aaeeaoeeiiii caa?yciaiuo e ioiineoaeueii ?aaeeaoeeiiii /enouo ?aeiiia; 4. aeoeaiinoue oeacey-137 a oeaiyo aieiaiiai iicaa oia?oeo eeeaeaeaoi?ia e iaeeeaeaeaoi?ia iaoiaeii ?aaeeiiao?ee. Eco/aee oa?aeoa?, noaiaiue e aeeiaieeo eciaiaiee a aieiaiii iicaa eeeaeaeaoi?ia, a oaeaea eeeieei-iaa?ieiae/aneea e ia?aeeeie/aneea ioee/ey o eeeaeaeaoi?ia i?iaeeaathueo a ?aeiiao n ?aciie oa?aeoa?enoeeie ?aaeeaoeeiiiie caa?yciaiiinoe oa??eoi?ee. N oeaeueth eneeth/aiey eee iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey iaee/ey oaeoi?a aioo?aiiaai iaeo/aiey o iioa?iaaoeo i?iaiaeeee ?aaeeiiao?eth oeaiae aieiiiai iicaa oia?oeo eeeaeaeaoi?ia e iaeeeaeaeaoi?ia i?iaeeaaaoeo a ?aaeeaoeeiiii “/enouo” e ?aaeeaoeeiiii caa?yciaiiuo oa?eoi?eyo. Onoaiiaeaii o eeeaeaeaoi?ia ?aciie noaiaie au?aaeaiinoe i?eciaee i?aaie/aneiai iia?aaeaeaiey aieiaiiai iicaa. Iaeaieaa nouanoaaiiuie auee neiioiiu aeiioaeaie/aneie aeenooieoeee o ia?iaiaioiii e ia?ieneciaeueiii aa?eaioao eee eo eiiaeiaoeee. Oa/aiea caaieaaaiey aieiaiiai iicaa o eeeaeaeaoi?ia eiaao o?e oacu: ino?oth, noaeiiiainaoeee, aeaeiiiainaoeee n oi?ie?iaaieai o?iie/aneie iinea?aaeeaoeeiiiie aioeaoaeiiaoee. Iae?ieiioiieiae/anee iiaeoaa?aeaeai i?aaie/aneee oa?aeoa? iaa?ieiae/aneeo eciaiaiee. ?aaeeiiao?eae a oeaiyo aieiaiiai iicaa oia?oeo eeeaeaeaoi?ia ec ?aaeeaoeeiiii “/enouo” e caa?yciaiiuo oa??eoi?ee, a oaeaea aeeoaeae, i?iaeeaaaoeo a eiio?iee?oaiuo ?aeiiao, auyaeai ?aaeeiecioii oeacey-137. O?iaaiue aeoeaiinoe oeacey a iicaa oia?oeo eeeaeaeaoi?ia ec ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo oa?eoi?ee a aeaa ?aca auoa /ai o eeeaeaeaoi?ia ec “/enouo” ?aeiiia e a /aou?a ?aca, /ai o aeeoaeae (iaeeeaeaeaoi?ia) caa?yciaiiuo ?aeiiia. Aeaiiua ?aaeeiiao?ee oeacuaatho ia oi, /oi eeeaeaeaoi?u ai a?aiy ?aaio a ?aaeeoeeiiiie ciia (a ia?eiae ?aaio ii eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN) iiaeaa?aeenue ia oieueei aiaoiaio, ii e aioo?aiiaio iaeo/aieth, aeaenoaea eioi?iai nio?aiyaony e a ioaeaeaiiii ia?eiaea. Eeeaeaeaoi?u i?iaeeaathuea a ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo ?aeiiao iieo/atho aeiiieieoaeueii iaeiieaiea oeacey-137 n i?iaeoeoaie ieoaiey, /oi iaoneaaeeaaao o ieo aieaa cia/eoaeueioth noaiaiue iia?aaeaeaiey aieiaiiai iicaa. Onoaiiaeaiea iaoiaaiaoe/aneie cia/eiinoe aioo?aiiaai iaeo/aiey a ?acaeoee iinea?aaeeaoeeiiiie aioeaoaeiiaoee ii?aaeaeyao oeaeaniia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey a ea/aiee eeeaeaeaoi?ia i?aia?aoia ?aaeeii?ioaeoi?iie e aeaceioieneeaoeeiiiie iai?aaeaiinoe, a oaeaea ionaeaiea eeeaeaeaoi?ia ec ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo ?aaeiiia. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iineaaenoaey iaeo/aiey, iinea?aaeeaoeeiiiay yioeaoaeiiaoey, eiei?ii?aoeey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia, ?aaeeiiao?ey oeaiae aieiaiiai iicaa.

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