Підвищення продуктивності та точності розмірної електроерозійної обробки на вирізних верстатах з ЧПК: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / В.І. Осипенко

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO OE?A?IE

“EE?ANUeEEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE ?INOEOOO”

INEIAIEI AANEEUe ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 621.9.048.4

I?AeAEUAIIss I?IAeOEOEAIINO? OA OI*IINO? ?ICI??II?

AEAEO?IA?IC?EII? IA?IAEE IA AE??CIEO

AA?NOAOAO C *IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.03.07 — I?ioeane o?ceei-oaoi?/ii? ia?iaee

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a *a?eanueeiio ?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiio ?inoeooo? ia
eaoaae?? ia?iaee iaoa??ae?a ca niaoe?aeueieie oaoiieia?yie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iieyeia N.I.,

*?O?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e IINO

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Eyoaiei A.A.,

?inoeooo i?iaeai i?oeiino? IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

n.i.n. Aiye?i I.?.,

eaoaae?a EOEI IOOO “EI?”, n.i.n

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao “OA?”, eaoaae?a
o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo iniia ia?iaee eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “20” aa?aniy 1999 ?. a 1500 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.002.15 a Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? “EI?” ca aae?anith 252056, i.
Ee?a-56, i?iniaeo Ia?aiiae, 37, ei?i. 19, aoae. 417, oae. 241-76-55

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo “EI?” ca aae?anith: 252056, i.
Ee?a-56, i?iniaeo Ia?aiiae, 37.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aieiaei E.O.

ae.o.i., i?ioani?

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia?ao?ae i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie aei aeioneo
no/anieo iaoei ? i?eeaae?a cia/ii oneeaaeith? ae?iaieoeoai
?ino?oiaioaeueii? inianoee, aeey aeaioiaeaiiy yei? ana a?eueo oe?iei
aeei?enoiao?oueny aeaeo?ia?ic?eia ia?iaea(AAO).

Ca inoaii? aeanyoue ?ie?a o a?oi? aa?noao?a aeey AAI aeaeo?ia?ic?ei?
ae??ci? aa?noaoe c *IE (AAAA) iaee ia?aaaaeiee ?icaeoie caaaeyee aenie?e
aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?ia?ic?eiiai ae?ioyiiai ??caiiy i?e aeaioiaeaii?
oi/ieo neeaaeiieiioo?ieo aeaoaeae ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.
Ii/eiath/e c 1991 ?ieo *a?eanueea IAI “?ioi?” (?aeeia i?aai?caoe?y a
Oe?a?i?) ?ic?iaey? ? aeionea? na?aaeiueiaaaa?eoi? AAAA ia e?i?eieo
i?eaiaeao c aaciaei ciauaiiyi iai?yiieo (iiaeae? NAEAe-02 ? NAEAe-03).
Iaaeinoaoi?noue iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii i?iaeooaaiith
iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aa?noao?a noaea iniiaiith i?e/eiith
iecueeiai oaoi?/iiai ? oaoiieia?/iiai ??ai?a ?ic?iaie. Aeey caaacia/aiiy
eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? onoaoeoaaiiy aoei iaiao?aeii i?aeaeueoe oaoi?/i? e
oaoiieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aa?noao?a, iniiaieie c yeeo ? oi/i?noue ?
i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe c on??th i/aaeaei?noth aenoaa? iaiao?aei?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano AAI, oiio ui aac aeinoaoiueiai
ianyao o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aca?iica’ycie oa?aeoa?enoee
oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai AAAN ? o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui i?ioiaeyoue o
i?aeaeaeo?iaeiiio i?ii?aeeo (IAI), iaiiaeeeai i?iaeooaaoe AAAA, ui
caaeiaieueiythoue aeiiaai i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? oa i?iaeoeoeaiino?
ia?iaee. Noai?aiiy iaoeiaeo iniia oaoiieia?? iaiao?aeii oaeiae aeey
oi?iae?caoe?? i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?? ye iniiae ?icaeoeo nenoai
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeaeo?ia?ic?eii?
ia?iaee (NAI? OI AAI). Oiio oaia aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiiyi iniiaieo /eiiee?a, ye? aecia/athoue oi/i?noue
? i?iaeoeoeai?noue AAI ae?ioyiei aeaeo?iaeii-?ino?oiaioii (AeA?) ?
?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii i?iaeooaaiith aoce?a
AAAA ? oaoiieia?e ia?iaee, ? aeooaeueiith ? ia? aaeeea i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy.

Aeena?oaoe?th aeeiiaii a ?aieao i?iaeoo 5.43.09/009-94 «I?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, oi/iino? oa yeino? ?ici??ii? aeaeo?ia?ic?eii? ia?iaee»
Aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie I?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao
iaoee ? oaoiieia?e.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? AAAA c *IE
oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a aeaeo?ia?ic?eiiai ae?ioyiiai ??caiiy oa noai?aiiy
eiii’thoa?ieo iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?e ia?iaee.

Iniiai? caaea/? ?iaioe. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a
aeena?oaoe?? ae??oothoueny oae? caaea/?:

1. I?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano AAI aeey iaea?aeaiiy aeieeaaeii?
o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ca’ycie ia?aiao??a i?ioeano ??caiiy
c eiino?oeoeaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie nenoaie iai?aaeaiiy oa iaoai?cio
ia?aiiooaaiiy AeA?.

I?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? oi/iino? ia?iaee iniiaieo a?oi
aeaoaeae ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aooiie iioei?caoe??
ia?aiao??a iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai AAAA iiaeae? NAEAe.

Aecia/aiiy oaieiaeo oa a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oiia a IAI, ye? caaacia/othoue
aacia?eaio ia?iaeo i?e iaeneiaeueiiio ??ai? iiooaeiino?, ui aaiaeeoueny
a i?ii?aeie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao a?ic?eii? no?eeino? iiaa?oiaaeo i?ioa?e?a AeA? ia
oaeaeueia ia?aianaiiy iaoa??aeo aeaeo?iaea ia aeaoaeue, ui
ia?iaey?oueny.

?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy i?iaei?a AeA? oa niinia?a eiiiainaoe??
aieeao iaiaaeaii? aei?noeino? ae?ioo ia oi/i?noue ia?iaee eoo?a ?
?aae?on?a.

Noai?aiiy aace oaoiieia?/ieo aeaieo, ?ic?iaea iniiaieo aeai?eoi?a ?iaioe
NAI? OI AAI oa ?icoe?aiiy ?? ooieoe?e ca ?aooiie ?aae?caoe??
iiaeeeainoae no/anieo ia?niiaeueieo eiii’thoa??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aeyaeai? oa aeine?aeaeai? a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? iniaeeaino?
iao?eaiiy AeA? ?iai/ith ??aeeiith i?e eiaen?aeueiiio i?iieaaii? IAI, ui
aeicaieeei ?ic?aooaaoe cia/aiiy iino?eii? neeaaeiai? oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey
ae?ioyiiai aeaeo?iaea oa i?iaiicoaaoe oaieia? oiiae aaaaeaiiy a IAI
iaeneiaeueii? iiooaeiino? i?e aacia?eai?e ia?iaoe?;

aecia/aii oiaueio, neeaae ? iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy ia iiaa?oi? eaooiieo AeA?
caoenieo ieneaeieo ie?aie, ui ca?eueoothoue a?ic?eio no?ee?noue AeA? oa
onoaathoue ia?aianaiiy iaoa??aeo aeaeo?iaea ia iiaa?oith aeaoae?;

io?eiai? ocaaaeueiai? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo
nee, ui ae?thoue ia AeA? a i?ioean? ??caiiy;

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aiae?oe/iiai ?ic?aooieo i?iaei?a ae?ioyiiai
aeaeo?iaea i?ae ae??th aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo nee;

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

i?aeaeuaii oi/i?noue ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?iaee(1.5…3 ?ace) aeaoaeae
ia aeaieii?aeeiaoieo aaoiiaoeciaaieo AAAA;

?ic?iaeaii NAI? OI AAI, aaeaioiaaio aei oe?a?inueeeo AAAA iiaeaeae
NAEAe;

noai?aii aaco aeaieo aeey i?iaeooaaiiy /ioe?eeii?aeeiaoieo aa?noao?a
iiaiai iieie?iiy.

?aae?caoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee iiaea?i?coaaoe aeaeo?ia?ic?ei? ae??ci?
ae?ioyi? aa?noaoe NAEAe-02 ? NAEAe-03 ? caaacia/eoe iinoa/aiiy
niiaeeaa/ai NAI? OI AAI. Iiaea?i?ciaai? ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue
aa?noaoe oa NAI? OI AAI ai?iaaaeaeai? ia *a?eanueeiio IAI “?ioi?”,
A?iieoeueeiio IAI “Oi?o”, o??i? “Oao?ai Aeaeo?ii?e” (i. E?ae?a, Iieueua)
oa ?io. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe caeeaaeai? a iniiao eiino?oeoe?? aoce?a
iaeaoa /ioe?eeii?aeeiaoiiai aeaeo?ia?ic?eiiai ae??ciiai ae?ioyiiai
aa?noaoo iiaiai iieie?iiy NAEAe-04.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. An? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii i?iaaaeai? iniaenoi, ii/eiath/e c iinoaiiaee
caaea/? ? cae?i/oth/e ia?iaeith io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?iaioe ii
noai?aiith iiaeoe?a NAI? OI AAI oa ai?iaaaeaeaiith ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue o ae?iaieoeoai iineee eieaeoeaiee oa?aeoa?, ui ?
cana?ae/othoue iaoeia? i?aoe? caeiaoaa/a, ye? aeeiiaii o ni?aaaoi?noa?
c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie *a?eanueeiai ?iaeaia?ii – oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeaii a aeiiia?aeyo ia II i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iia?
oaoiieia?? a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?» (i.sseoa, 1993),iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aa?ieini?/iee eiiieaen: eiiaa?n?y ? oaoiieia??»
(i.AEeoiie?, 1995), i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ”Aenieiaoaeoeai?
oaoiieia?? a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?” (i. Aeoooa, 1996), iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Inianoea-97», (i.Ee?a, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe?y iaoa??ae?a. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae,
4 oace aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaeieo oa ?anioae?eainueeeo iaoeiai –
oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, aea?ae?aa?no?aoe?th i?ieoei 2 iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
ca?oe.

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 111 iaeiaioaaiue
oa o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?noeoue 144 noi??iee iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 34
iaethiee, 7 oaaeeoeue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aecia/ai? iniiai? aeiiae aei i?eaiae?a
aeaeo?ia?ic?eieo ae??cieo ae?ioyieo aa?noao?a c *IE. C?iaeaii iaeyae ?
aiae?c a?aeiieo oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue a
iaeano? oaoiieia?e ? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey AAI AeA?. Ia i?aenoaa? iaeyaeo
noaaeyoueny caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaii iien oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui
neoaoaaei ca aaco aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy
?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee aenia?eiaio?a, aeai?o eeano oi/iino? i?eeaae?a oa
iaoiae?a ioe?iee iioeaee ?acoeueoao?a i?e i?yieo oa iai?yieo aei??ao.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aiae?cothoueny ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue eieeaaiue AeA? c ioe?ieith ?o aieeao ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
??caiiy. Aeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue ii iiaea?i?caoe??
iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai AAAA iiaeae? NAEAe.

Nenoaia iai?aaeaiiy AeA? aa?noao?a NAEAe aeei?enoiao? iaea?eueo i?inoo ?
c?o/io a aenieoaoaoe??, a?aee?eoo, e?oaeo V — ooai?io iai?yiio c eooii
ooai?thth/eo 90 a?aaeon?a. Oaea iai?yiia caaacia/o? oaeaeea aeeaaeaiiy
AeA? ? i?eaeaoia aeey ae?io?a ae?aiao?ii 0,05…0,5 ii. Iaaeie?eii
oeueiai oeio iai?yiieo ? i?aeaeuai? aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue AeA?. A
?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue (?en.1) anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey
no?eei? o?enaoe?? AeA? a a?aee?eoeo V — ooai?ieo iai?yiieo iaiao?aeii,
uia ni?aa?ni?noue aa?oiuei? ? ieaeiuei? iai?yiieo a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo
ia ia?aaeuoaaea 0.01 ii, a ia??aiii??i?noue ?ooo ae?ioo 2…4%.

Aeey aeeiiaiiy oeeo aeiia ?ic?iaeai? iia? noaia thnooaaiiy iai?yiieo oa
iaoai?ci ia?aiiooaaiiy ae?ioo, aea oaeaeeino? ?iciiooaaiiy ? iaoyao
cae?eniththoueny ??cieie aeaeaoiaie, iano?iththoueny iacaeaaeii iaeia
a?ae iaeii?, a ?oiy ?iaioa ocaiaeaeo?oueny aeaeo?iiiei ?aaoeyoi?ii. Oea
aeicaieeei cieceoe aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue ae?ioo aei aaee/ei iaioa 0,01 ii
i?e ia??aiii??iino? 2…4%. Oaeee ??aaiue eieeaaiue caaacia/o?
noaa?euei?noue i?ioeano ??caiiy ia iioeiaeueieo i?aeaeaeo?iaeieo
i?ii?aeeao, noaa?e?co? ?iaioo ?aaoeyoi?a iiaea/?, ui a inoaoi/iiio
i?aenoieo ca?eueoo? i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?yiiai ??co (?en. 2).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy i?i aecia/aiiy oaieiaeo oa
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oiia a IAI, ye? caaacia/othoue aeinyaiaiiy
iaeneiaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ??caiiy i?e aacia?eai?e ia?iaoe?. ??aaiue
oa aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiooaeiino?, ui aaiaeeoueny a IAI, aaaaoi
a /iio caeaaeaoue a?ae aeo?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie i?e ?? i?eioniaiio
i?iea/oaaii? /a?ac i?ii?aeie. Oaeaee?noue iao?eaiiy AeA? aaciina?aaeiuei
aecia/a? oiiae oaieiiai?io ia iiaa?oi? ae?ioo, u?euei?noue oeaio a
i?ii?aeeo oa ?iciiae?e ?ic?yae?a a eaac?ia?aeaeuei?e ieiuei? ocaeiaae
aeiaaeeie iaco, ui i?i??ca?oueny (aoaeo ai?caeoaaiiy).

A ?iaioao Eaa?oa I.E., Ia?aae?ciai? I.A., A?oiaia A.I. oa ?ioeo aaoi??a
? eeoa aeai? iiia?aaeiuei? ioe?iee (iioeaea a iaaeao 80…120%)
oaeaeeino? oa/?? ? aeo?ao ??aeeie i?e neiao?e/iiio eiaen?aeueiiio
i?iieaaii? caci?o. Aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino? iao?eaiiy AeA? c iioeaeith
10..15% aea? iiaeeea?noue ia/eneeoe cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo oaieiiai?io
i?ae AeA? ? ciai?oi?i na?aaeiaeuai oa canoinoaaoe iiaeaeue oa?i?/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ae??o aeey i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ?aaeei?a ??caiiy, ui
caaacia/othoue iaeneiaeueio i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?e aacia?eai?e ia?iaoe?.

Aeey noaie ??caiiy ae?ioyiei aeaeo?iaeii (?en.3) oaeaee?noue iiia?a/iiai
iao?eaiiy AeA? iioieii ??aeeie, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac IAI, iiaeia
aecia/eoe ii oi?ioe? Aaenaaoa aeey u?eeiieo caci??a:

, (1)

aea ( — i?i?iaeueiee ia?aoei u?eeie; V — oaeaee?noue iioieo ??aeeie; (?-
aonoeia ??aeeie; (-e?iaiaoe/ia a’yce?noue; (Pi?=P1-P2; h- aenioa
caaioiaee.

I?iaeaia aeei?enoaiiy (1) iieyaa? a iaiao?aeiino? oi/iiai aecia/aiiy
(Pi?=P1-P2 (?aooa neeaaeiaeo eaaei aei??ththoueny aai ? a?aeiieie
noaeeie). Aeey aei??o (Pi? ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeueiee ina?aaeie nenoaie
i?iieaaiiy. I?eaaaeaii e iienaii eiai noaio, ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiiy
aenia?eiaio?a, aeei?enoiaoaaia aei??thaaeueia aia?aoo?a. ?acoeueoaoe
aei???a iiaeaii ia ?en.3. Ia i?aenoaa? ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo (Pi? ? ii (1) oaeaeeino?
iiia?a/iiai iao?eaiiy AeA? c a?aeiiniith iioeaeith aei 10%. Aeey
i?eaaaeaii? noaie i?iieaaiiy e?eoa??e ?aeiieueaena

, (2)

Na?aaei? /enei Ionnaeueoa

, (3)

aea Pr — e?eoa??e I?aioey.

Na?aaei?e eiao?oe??io oaieia?aeaea/?

,
(4)

aea ( — oaieii?ia?aei?noue ?iai/i? ??aeeie.

A?aeiii, ui oaiia?aoo?ia iiea aeaeo?iae?a i?e AAI ia? aea? neeaaeia? —
iino?eio ia?ooiio, ca’ycaio c i?ioiaeaeaiiyi no?oio ii aeaeo?iaeo oa
?ioaa?aeueiith ae??th ia ??aeo/o iiaa?oith ?ic?yae?a, ? ci?iio, ?ooiio,
ca’ycaio c eieaeueiith ae??th a?oi (ai?cae) ?ic?yae?a. Iioeiaeueiiio
?aaeeio ia?iaee iiaeiii a?aeiia?aeaoe iaaia cia/aiiy oa?i?/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy, a oiio /ene? ? aaee/eia iino?eii? neeaaeiai?
oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey.

Aeey ?ic?aooieo iino?eii? neeaaeiai? oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey AeA? aoee
aeei?enoai? a?aeii? aiae?oe/i? ??oaiiy ??aiyiue oaieii?ia?aeiino?
noa?aeiy c a?aie/ieie oiiaaie o?aoueiai ?iaeo a noaoe?iia?iiio ?aaeei?,
c o?aooaaiiyi i?eioeeio iaeeaaeaiiy, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c yeei
oaiia?aoo?a a i?ioean? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaiea i?e ni?euei?e ae??
ia’?iiiai oa ieineiai aeaea?ae aecia/a?oueny ye noia oaiia?aoo? a?ae
ae?? eiaeiiai ie?aiiai aeaea?aea. Io?eiaia oi?ioea aeey ?ic?aooieo
iino?eii? neeaaeiai? oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey AeA? ia? aeaeyae:

,(5)

aea Im -aiie?ooaeia cia/aiiy no?oio; Us — na?aaei? cia/aiiy iaae?iiy
iai?oae; g- neaaaei?noue ?iioeuen?a; W — ia’?i — ae?ioo, ui
aeaeaey?oueny ?ic?yaeaie; (ae — oaieii?ia?aei?noue ae?ioo; ( —
eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?iioeuen?a; T0 — ii/aoeiaa oaiia?aoo?a ae?ioo;
Cae1, Cae2, rieo, Tae1, Tae2, Lae1, Lae2, (ae1, (ae2 — oaieio?ce/i? oa
aeaeo?e/i? noae? AeA?;k- eiao?oe??io, ui aecia/a? /anoeo aia?a??
ia?aaeaii? ae?ioo.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a ??caiiy (Im, Us,.g, (, W, () oa
?ic?aooiee ii (5) iieacaee, ui aeey eiaeiiai eiie?aoiiai ?aaeeio ia?iaee
iiaeeeai ?ic?aooaaoe iaeneiaeueii aeiionoeia cia/aiiy iino?eii?
neeaaeiai? oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey AeA?, i?e ye?e caaacia/o?oueny
iaeneiaeueia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? aacia?eaia ia?iaea (?en.5). Aeey
?aaeei?a iiaiiai ceiio aaia?aoi?a AE?300-200 800 ( Tia ( 900.
Ia?aaeuaiiy Tia ca?eueoo? a??ia?aei?noue eieae?caoe?? ?ic?yae?a a
ie?aiiio ai?cae?. Eieae?caoe?y aeeeeea? ?ioaineaia caiiaiaiiy iaaaeeei?
ae?eyiee IAI aaciia?iaith noi?ooth, ui cia/ii iia??oo? oaieiiai?i i?ae
AeA? oa iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai. Aiane?aeie oeueiai a?aeaoaa?oueny
eieaeueiee no?eaeiaee ??no ci?iii? neeaaeiai? oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey AeA?,
ui ? noa? i?e/eiith ia?eao ae?ioo.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a oaieia?aeaea/? ia iiaa?oi?
AeA? oa oi?ioea (5) aeicaieythoue ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano ?ic?aooaaoe ?aaeeie ?iaioe aaia?aoi?a oa ia?aiao?e i?iieaaiiy
IAI, ye? caaacia/othoue aacia?eaio ia?iaeo i?e iaeneiaeuei?e
iiooaeiino?, ui aaiaeeoueny a i?ii?aeie. A inoaoi/iiio i?aenoieo oea ia
40-60% i?aeaeuo? i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?iaee noae? ia aa?noaoao iiaeae?
NAEAe a ii??aiyii? c iiaeaeyie, iniauaieie oaeei aea aaia?aoi?ii (?en.
2.). Ca?eueoaiiy iiooaeiino?, ui ?aae?co?oueny a IAI, a ioaea ?
ciaioaiiy ?iai/eo aaee/ei i?ii?aeeo i?e aeei?enoaii? ?aaeei?a c
aeiaaeeiith ?iioeueno t?( 3 ien oa aiie?ooaeiei cia/aiiyi no?oio Im( 180
A i?ecaiaeeoue aei caiathaaiiy aa?oiuei? ae?eyiee iaca ia?aianaiei
iaoa??aeii aeaeo?iaea. Aeoiaey/e c a?aeiii? a?iioace i?i i?aeaeuaio
a?ic?eio no?ee?noue aeaioa?iaeo aeaeo?iaeieo nenoai, oea iiynith?oueny
ianooiiei.

I?e aeaeo?ia?ic?eiiio ae?ioyiiio ??caii? a na?aaeiaeu? aiaeii?ia?aeii?
aiaee ia iiaa?oi? eaooiiiai ae?ioyiiai aeaeo?iaea ooai?ththoueny caoeni?
ie?aee neeaaeiiai neeaaeo, ui ia?aaaaeii i?noyoue ieneaee iaoae?a
iniiaiiai iaoa??aeo. Oe? iia? ooai?aiiy ciaioothoue aeeaeio i?iieeiaiiy
oaiea ona?aaeeio ae?ioyiiai aeaeo?iaea, ui ?noioii cieaeo? iano iaoaeo,
yea aeaeaey?oueny iaeeie/iei ?ic?yaeii. Aacoieiia ni?yiiaaia iiaea/a
AeA? a ciio ia?iaee i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui o aa?oiueiio ia?aoei?
aeaoae? ??caiiy cae?enith?oueny ae?eyieith ae?ioo aac ieneaeii? ie?aee.
A?aenooi?noue aeaioa?iai? nenoaie i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai eieaeueiiai
ca?eueoaiiy iane eaooi?, yeo aeia?oaaii iaeeie/iei ?iioeuenii. Ia?e
eaooi? (oaeaee) caiaththoue i?i??caiee iac ia aeeaeio 1.5…2.5 ii . I?e
i?inoaaii? ae?eyiee AeA? aaeea iaca ia eiai iiaa?oi? anoeaa?
noi?ioaaoenue caoenia ieneaeia ie?aea. Ii/eiath/e c aeeaeie 3…5 ii ia
iiaa?oi? iaca iiaeia niinoa??aaoe eeoa ie?ai? iacia/i? aeeth/aiiy
eaooi?, oiio ui i?ioeane ?oeiaoe?? oa a?aeiiaeaiiy ie?aee noathoue
??aiiaaaeieie. Caiathaaiiy iaca ia?aie eaooi? i?aeoe/ii aeeeth/a?
iaeiii?io?aeio ia?iaeo, oae ye ?ic’?aeiaiiy aeaoae? c caaioiaeith ?
aeaeaeaiiy i?ioa?eo eaooi? ? aeineoue neeaaeiei caaaeaiiyi. Aeey
a?aeae?eaiiy aeaoae? a?ae caaioiaee ? aeaeaeaiiy eaooi? cae/aeii
iio??aii aeiaeaoeiaee i?io?ae, ui neeaaea? a?ae 15% aei 25% /ano
ia?iaee. I/aaeaeii, ui noi?ioaaaoe ia iiaa?oi? AeA? caoenio ieneaeio
ie?aeo, aeecueeo ii oiauei? ? oiiia?ao?? aei ooai?aii? i?ae /an ??caiiy,
iiaeeeai caaacia/eoe i?i?iaeueiee ciin AeA? ia aoiae? a ciio ia?iaee e
onoiooe oaeaeueia ia?aianaiiy eaooi? ia no?iee iaca.

Aeey i?enei?aiiai oi?ioaaiiy ia AeA? ieneaeieo ie?aie aaoi?ii
?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeueio oaoiieia?th, ii ye?e ae??o ciioothoue ?c eioooee
? i?iioneathoue /a?ac iaa??aa/ c aoiinoa?ith, iaa??oith aei 600…7000N,
i?/ c aiaeiia?iaith aoiinoa?ith, iaa??oith aei 250…3000N ? nooeeueio
i?/ c aoiinoa?ith, iaa??oith aei 200…2500N. Aeey aecia/aiiy oiaueie ?
oiiia?ao?? ie?aee ia c?aceao AeA? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee iaoaeia?ao??
? ?ano?iai? aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??.

Anoaiiaeaii: oiaueia ieneaeii? ie?aee ia AeA? a noai? iinoa/aiiy
neeaaea? 0,5…1,5 iei; i?ney oa?iiia?iaee 5…6 iei; i?ney
aenieoaoaoe??, iacaeaaeii a?ae aeo?aeiiai noaio iiaa?oi? an? c?acee iaee
oiaueio ie?aee 5…8 iei.

Aeaeo?ia?ic?eia ??caiiy ae?ioii ?c iiia?aaeiuei noi?iiaaiith caoeniith
ie?aeith iieacaei iiaio a?aenooi?noue a?aeeeaaeaiue eaooi? ia an?e
iiaa?oi? i?i??caiiai iaca i?e i?aeaeuai?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?iaee ?
aeei?enoaii? ?aaeei?a c aeiaaeeiith ?iioeueno t?( 3 ien oa aiie?ooaeiei
cia/aiiyi no?oio Im( 180 A.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ca aeiiiiiaith aiae?oe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
iaoiae?a i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea iecueei? aei?noeino? AeA? ia oaeaee?noue ?
oi/i?noue ia?iaee neeaaeieo aaiiao?e/ieo eiioo??a. Oe?eeii i/aaeaeii, ui
aac aeinoaoiuei oaeaeeiai ? oi/iiai aecia/aiiy oi?ie ae?ioo ?ic?iaeoe
no?aoaa?th ia?iaee neeaaeieo eiioo??a, yea niieo/eoue oaeaee?noue
aeecueeo aei iaeneiaeueii?, ? aenieo oi/i?noue ia oyaey?oueny iiaeeeaei.

Aacoth/enue ia ?acoeueoaoao aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei???a ?ici???a
iaeneiaeueieo i?iaei?a ae?ioo i?e ??caii? noaeae ? oaa?aeeo nieaa?a
aaoi? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo i?iaei?a ae?ioo, ui aeicaiey? ia
aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?ic?aooaaoe oi?io ae?ioyiiai
aeaeo?iaea oa c ?? o?aooaaiiyi iiaoaeoaaoe o?a?eoi??th ?ooo i?eaiae?a
aa?noaoa.

Ae??o, iaaaioaaeaiee aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieie neeaie, iiaeaiee o aeae? ieoee,
ia yeo ia ae?eyioe? ??co ae?? ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaia ia

Aeeoa?aioe?eia ??aiyiiy i?iaeio ae?ioo ia? aeaeyae:

(6)

??aiyiiy i?iaeio a ?ioaa?aeuei?e oi?i? ia? aeaeyae:

(7)

?ioaa?oth/e ??aiyiiy (7) io?eia?ii caaaeueiee aeaeyae ??aiyiiy oi?ie
ae?ioo:

(8)

C o?aooaaiiyi aieeao i?oaeiino? iaoa??aeo ae?ac aeey aecia/aiiy coneeey
iaoyao ae?ioo ia? aeaeyae:

, (9)

aea EF – aei?noe?noue ia?a??co; D – aaiiao?e/iee eiao?oe??io.

I?i?iaeueiee ?ici?? i?iaeio ia ae?eyioe? ??co:

,(10)

Iaeneiaeueiee ?ici?? i?iaeio ia ae?eyioe? ??co:

, (11)

Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeei
io?eiaoe ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooie?a q i?e ??caii? ?ino?oiaioaeueieo noaeae
(O8, O12I, No45) oa oaa?aeeo nieaa?a (AE8…AE20)

, (12)

, (13)

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a ?c aeei?enoaiiyi io?eiaieo ??aiyiue (10), (11),
(12), (13) ocaiaeaeothoueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei???a
?c iioeaeith, ui ia ia?aaeuo? 6%. Oaeei /eiii, ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano aaea?oueny c aenieei nooiaiai oi/iino?
iaea?aeaoe cia/aiiy ?ici???a i?iaei?a ae?ioo ? c ?oi?i o?aooaaiiyi
aecia/eoe iioeiaeueio no?aoaa?th ia?iaee.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ioi?ieai? o aeaeyae? i?ia?aiieo aeie?a ?
eiiaa?oi??a nenoaie aaoiiaoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee ea?oth/eo i?ia?ai,
?aae?ciaai?e ia IBM PC 286, ui noeeiaaia c nenoaiith *IE
aeaeo?ia?ic?eiiai ae??ciiai aa?noaoo oeio NAEAe. NAI? aeicaiey?
oaoiieiao a ae?aeiaiaiio ?aaeei? iaea?aeaoe iioeiaeuei? niieo/aiiy
aeaeo?e/ieo ? a?ae?aae?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?e ia?iaoe? noaeae ? oaa?aeeo
nieaa?a oa i?e iaiao?aeiino? noi?ioaaoe o?a?eoi??th ?ooo aoce?a
o?enaoe?? AeA?, ui eiiiaino? aieea iecueei? aei?noeino? ae?ioo ia
oi/i?noue ia?iaee eoo?a ? ?aae?on?a.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ae??oaii ieoaiiy i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ui ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?
ai?iaaaeaeaii? aeaeo?ia?ic?eieo ae??cieo ae?ioyieo aa?noao?a NAEAe 02,
NAEAe 02I, NAEAe 03. O aeiaeaoeao i?eaaaeaii i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo
?ici???a i?iaei?a ae?ioyiiai aeaeo?iaea ? ei?aeoe?? o?a?eoi??? ia?iaee,
a oaeiae Aeoe i?i aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

AENIIAEE

Io?eiaii aiae?oe/i?, aenia?eiaioaeuei? oa ocaaaeueiai? caeaaeiino?, ye?
aeicaieeee aeyaeoe ae?th/? a i?ioean? aeaeo?ia?ic?eiiai ae?ioyiiai
??caiiy caeiiii??iino? aieeao oa?aeoa?enoee oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai AAAA ia
??aaiue ? aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiooaeiino?, ui aaiaeeoueny a IAI,
oa oi/i?noue ia?iaee neeaaeieo eiioo??a.

Aecia/aii oiiae noaa?eueii? o?enaoe?? AeA? o a?aee?eoeo V — ooai?ieo
iai?yiieo. Aeeiiaii iioei?caoe?th eiino?oeoe?? nenoaie iai?aaeaiiy ?
iaoai?cio ia?aiiooaaiiy AeA? , ui caaacia/eei aenieo noaa?euei?noue
o?enaoe?? (aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue iaioa 0,01 ii) ? ??aiii??i?noue ?ooo
ae?ioo ( ia??aiii??i?noue iaioa 4%) o cii? ia?iaee.

Aeine?aeaeai? oa aeyaeai? a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? iniaeeaino? iao?eaiiy AeA?
?iai/ith ??aeeiith i?e eiaen?aeueiiio i?iieaaii? IAI, ui aeicaieeei
?ic?aooaaoe cia/aiiy iino?eii? neeaaeiai? oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey ae?ioyiiai
aeaeo?iaea oa i?iaiicoaaoe oaieia? oiiae aaaaeaiiy a IAI iaeneiaeueii?
iiooaeiino? i?e aacia?eai?e ia?iaoe?;

Aecia/aii oiaueio, neeaae ? iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy ia iiaa?oi? eaooiieo AeA?
caoenieo ieneaeieo ie?aie, ui onoaathoue ia?aianaiiy iaoa??aeo
aeaeo?iaea ia iiaa?oith aeaoae?.

Io?eiaii ocaaaeueiai? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooie?a ?iciiae?eaiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui ae?? ia AeA? a?ae neeiaeo ?ic?yae?a ? iioieo ??aeeie
i?iieaaiiy i?e ??caii? ?ino?oiaioaeueieo noaeae (O8, O12I ) ? oaa?aeeo
nieaa?a (AE8,10,20). Aiae?oe/iei oeyoii aeaaaeaii ??aiyiiy aeey
?ic?aooieo i?iaeio AeA?. ?ic?aooieia? e aenia?eiaioaeueii iai??yi?
cia/aiiy i?iaei?a AeA? ocaiaeaeothoueny i?ae niaith caaeia?eueii
(a?aei?iiino? ia ia?aaeuothoue 6%), ui aeicaiey? ?ic?aooaaoe i?iaei AeA?
ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia?iaee aeaoae? ?
iiaoaeoaaoe o?a?eoi??th ?ooo i?eaiae?a iiaea/?, ui eiiiaino? aieea
iecueei? aei?noeino? ae?ioo ia oi/i?noue ia?iaee eoo?a ? ?aae?on?a ia
/i?iiaeo ?aaeeiao ??caiiy.

Ia aac? a?ao?/iiai iaeaoa AUTOCAD-10 ?ic?iaeaia NAI? oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano ia?iaee neeaaeiieiioo?ieo aeaoaeae c ?ino?oiaioaeueieo noaeae ?
oaa?aeeo nieaa?a.

A ?acoeueoao? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaea?i?ciaaiiai AAAA NAEAe-02 ? NAI?
ea?oth/eo i?ia?ai, ni?eueiee /an i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?
aeaioiaeaiiy oe?ieiai niaeo?a aeaoaeae ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
nei?ioeany a 1.5…3 ?ace.

Iiaea?i?ciaai? ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aa?noaoe iiaeae? NAEAe-02
? NAI? ea?oth/eo i?ia?ai ai?iaaaeaeai? ia 3 i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie , 2
i?aei?e?inoaao ?in?? ? 1 i?aei?e?inoa? Iieueu?.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a ?iaioao:

Ineiaiei A.?., Nooiae Ae.I., Iieyeia N.I. I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeaeo?ia?ic?eiiai ae??caiiy. // A?no? *a?eanueeiai
?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. – 1998.- ?1.-N. 77-82.

Ineiaiei A.?, Ieaoioiee I.I. ?ic?aooiie i?iaeio ae?ioyiiai aeaeo?iaea
i?e 4-eii?aeeiaoi?e aeaeo?ia?ic?ei?e ??coe? // Aeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea,
oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai. -1997 .-N19-20.-N. 17-18.

Ineiaiei A.?., Nooiae Ae.I., Ieeeiaiei I.I. I?aeaeuaiiy a?ic?eii?
no?eeino? eaooiieo ae?ioyieo aeaeo?iae?a // Iaoeiiciaanoai. -1998.-
N2.-N.17-19.

Ineiaiei A.E., Ieaoioiue A.I., Iieyeia N.I. Iiaeaee?iaaiea e oi?aaeaiea
oaoiieiae/aneei i?ioeannii 4-eii?aeeiaoiie yeaeo?iy?iceiiiie ia?aaioee//
O?oaeu 4 Oe?aeineie eiioa?aioeee ii aaoiiaoe/aneiio oi?aaeaieth
“Aaoiiaoeea-97”.- Oii 5.-*a?eannu.-1997.-N.70.

Iieyeia N.I., Ineiaiei A.?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oi/iino? oa iniiaieo
oaoiieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeo?ia?ic?eiiai ae??ciiai aa?noaoo c
aaciaei ciauaiiyi iai?yiieo // A?no? Aeaaeai?? ?iaeaia?ieo iaoe
Oe?a?ie.- 1995 .-N 2.- N.3-5.

Iieyeia N.I.,Ineiaiei A.E., Ei?iaiaeneee A.E., THoie/ O.A.
Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiue yeaeo?iy?iceiiiue au?aciie noaiie ia eeiaeiuo
aeaeaaoaeyo n aaciaie niaceie a iai?aaeythueo //Oacenu aeieeaaeia
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee. “Ay?ieinie/aneee eiiieaen: eiiaa?ney e
oaoiieiaee”. — AEeoiie?, 1995 .- N.103-104.

Ineiaiei A.E., Ieaoioiue A.I., Iieyeia N.I. “Iaoaiaoe/aneea e
oaoiieiae/aneea aniaeou NAI? 4-o eii?aeeiaoiie yeaeo?iy?iceiiiie
ia?aaioee// Iaoa?eaeu eiioa?aioeee “Inianoea-97”.- Eeaa , 1997.- N.
33-35.

Caeiaoaa/ A.?. Ineiaiei

AIIOAOe?ss

Ineiaiei A.?. I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa oi/iino? ?ici??ii?
aeaeo?ia?ic?eii? ia?iaee ia ae??cieo aa?noaoao c *IE. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.03.07- I?ioeane o?ceei-oaoi?/ii? ia?iaee. –
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie “Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo”, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith iniiaieo /eiiee?a, ye?
aecia/athoue oi/i?noue ia?iaee, ??aaiue oa aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
iiooaeiino?, ui aaiaeeoueny a IAI i?e aeaeo?ia?ic?eiiio ae?ioyiiio
??caii? ia ae??cieo aa?noaoao c *IE. A ?iaio? anoaiiaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei?, aiae?oe/i? oa ocaaaeueiai? caeaaeiino?, ye?
aeicaieythoue aeyaeoe aca?iica’ycie eiino?oeoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee
oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai AAAA oa o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano
??caiiy, aecia/eoe oaieia? oa a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? oiiae aacia?eaii? ia?iaee
i?e iaeneiaeuei?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? ci?iaiiy iaoaeo. Oea iaaeaei
iiaeeea?noue noi?ioethaaoe aeiiae oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
ii i?iaeooaaiith aoce?a aa?noao?a, ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo
ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeaioiaeaiiy oe?ieiai niaeo?a
aeaoaeae ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee iiaea?i?coaaoe aeaeo?ia?ic?ei? ae??ci?
ae?ioyi? aa?noaoe NAEAe-02 ? NAEAe-03, caaacia/eoe iinoa/aiiy
niiaeeaa/ai NAI? OI AAI oa ?ic?iaeoe eiino?oeoe?? iniiaieo aoce?a iaeaoa
/ioe?eeii?aeeiaoiiai AAAA NAEAe-04.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?ioyiee aeaeo?iae, i?aeaeaeo?iaeiee i?ii?aeie,
?ic?yae, ?iioeuen, aiae?c, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, oa?i?/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy,
i?iaei ae?ioyiiai aeaeo?iaea.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ineiaiei A.E. Iiauoaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e oi/iinoe ?acia?iie
yeaeo?iy?iceiiiie ia?aaioee ia au?aciuo noaieao n *IO. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.07 — I?ioeannu oeceei-oaoie/aneie ia?aaioee. –
Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao Oe?aeiu “Eeaaneee iieeoaoie/aneee
einoeooo”, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth iniiaiuo oaeoi?ia, ii?aaeaeythueo
oi/iinoue ia?aaioee, o?iaaiue e yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey iiuiinoe,
aaiaeeiie a IYI i?e yeaeo?iy?iceiiiie i?iaiei/iie ?acea ia au?aciuo
noaieao n *IO. A ?aaioa i?iaaaeai e?eoe/aneee aiaeec iniiaiuo iaoiaeia e
n?aaenoa iiauoaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e oi/iinoe i?ioeanna
oi?iiia?aciaaiey ia YYAN. Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca iauaeoaie enneaaeiaaiee
auee aua?aiu:

Eieaaaiey IYE e ia?aiao?u nenoaiu iai?aaeaiey e iaoaiecia ia?aiioee, eo
ii?aaeaeythuea.

Aeae?iaeeiaie/aneea iniaaiiinoe iaoaeaiey IYE ?aai/ae aeeaeeinoueth, eo
aeeyiea ia cia/aiea oa?ie/aneie iaa?ocee ia i?iaieieo e o?iaaiue
iiuiinoe, aaiaeeiie a i?iiaaeooie.

Oieueia e ninoaa ieneaeiuo ieaiie ia iiaa?oiinoe IYE e eo aeeyiea ia
oaeaeueiue ia?aiin iaoa?eaea yeaeo?iaea ia ia?aaaouaaaioth aeaoaeue.

Niiniau ii?aaeaeaiey i?iaeaia IYE e iaoiaeu eiiiainaoeee aeeyiey ia
oi/iinoue ia?aaioee oaeia e ?aaeeonia ieceie aeanoeinoe i?iaieiee.

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeee auyaeoue oneiaey noaaeeueiie
oeenaoeee IYE a ioe?uouo V-ia?aciuo iai?aaeythueo (aiieeooaeu eieaaaiee
iaiaa 0.01 ii) e noi?ioee?iaaoue iainiiaaiiua oaoie/aneea o?aaiaaiey e
nenoaia iai?aaeaiey e iaoaiecio ia?aiioee.

Aeey enneaaeiaaiee ia?aiao?ia iioiea i?iiuaee IYI ?ac?aaioaia
i?eaeiaeueiay iiaeaeueiay y/aeea nenoaiu i?iiuaee. A aeenna?oaoeee
i?eaaaeaiu e iienaiu aa noaia, ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiey yenia?eiaioia,
eniieuecoaiay ecia?eoaeueiay aiia?aoo?a. Iieo/aiiua yenia?eiaioaeueiua
aeaiiua i nei?inoyo i?iiuaee IYI iicaieeee ii?aaeaeeoue eiyooeoeeaio
oaieiiaiaia iaaeaeo IYE e ?aai/ae n?aaeie. Eniieuecoy ecaanoiua
aiaeeoe/aneea ?aoaiey o?aaiaiee oaieii?iaiaeiinoe noa?aeiy n a?aie/iuie
oneiaeyie o?aoueaai ?iaea a noaoeeiia?iii ?aaeeia, iieo/aii au?aaeaiea,
aeathuaa aiciiaeiinoue ioeaieoue iinoiyiioth ninoaaeythuoth
oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey IYE e onoaiiaeoue oa?aeoa? aa nayce n ia?aiao?aie
?aaeeia ia?aaioee. I?iaaaeaiiue eiiieaen eniuoaiee iieacae, /oi n
aeiaa?eoaeueiie aa?iyoiinoueth aieaa 90%, i?aaeeiaeaiioth iiaeaeue
oa?ie/aneie iaa?ocee ia IYE, iiaeii eniieueciaaoue aeey i?iaiice?iaaiey
oneiaee aacia?uaiie ia?aaioee i?e iaeneiaeueiii o?iaia iiuiinoe
aaiaeeiie a i?iiaaeooie.

A eiia/iii eoiaa yoi iicaieeei ia 40-60% oaaee/eoue
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue ia?aaioee noaee ia noaieao iiaeaee NYEAe a
n?aaiaiee n iiaeaeyie, iniauaiiuie oaeei aea aaia?aoi?ii.

Oaaee/aiea iiuiinoe aaiaeeiie IYI e oiaiueoaiea ?aai/eo aaee/ei
i?iiaaeooea i?e eniieueciaaiee ?aaeeiia n aeeeoaeueiinoueth eiioeuenia
aieaa 3 ien e aiieeooaeaie oiea aieaa 180 A i?eaiaeeo e caiaeaaieth
aa?oiae /anoe i?i?acaiiiai iaca ia?aianaiiui iaoa?eaeii yeaeo?iaea. Yoi
i?aeoe/anee eneeth/aao iaeiii?ioiaeioth ia?aaioeo ec-ca neiaeiinoae,
aicieeathueo i?e ioaeaeaiee aeaoaee io caaioiaee e oaeaeaiee n aa
iiaa?oiinoe neiy eaooie. I?iaaaeaiiue eiiieaen enneaaeiaaiee iicaieee
onoaiiaeoue, /oi iaeaieaa nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea ia oaeaeueiue ia?aiin
iaoa?eaea yeaeo?iaea ieacuaatho ia?acothueany ia iiaa?oiinoe eaooiiuo
IYE ieneaeiua ieaiee. A ?aaioa ii?aaeaeaiu oieueia (5-6 iei) e ninoaa
(60…65% Nu2O; 25…30% CuO; 7…10% ZnO) ieneaeiuo ieaiie,
iaania/eaathueo iieiia ono?aiaiea ia?aiina eaooie ia iiaa?oiinoue
aeaoaee. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea onei?aiiiai eneonnoaaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey
ia iiaa?oiinoe i?iaieiee caueoiuo ieaiie o?aaoaiiai ninoaaa e oieueiu.

A aeenna?oaoeee cia/eoaeueiia ianoi caieiatho enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey ia
oi/iinoue ia?aaioee oaeia e ?aaeeonia ieceie aeanoeinoe i?iaiei/iiai
yeaeo?iaea. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea aiaeeoe/aneiai ?an/aoa i?iaeaia IYE,
iieo/aiu iaiauaiiua au?aaeaiey aeey ii?aaeaeaiey oneeee aeaenoaothueo ia
i?iaieieo a caaeneiinoe io ia?aaaouaaaiiai iaoa?eaea, nei?inoe ?acaiey e
oneiaee i?iiuaee IYI. ?an/aoiua cia/aiey i?iaeaia i?iaieiee niaeanothony
n yenia?eiaioaeueii ecia?aiiuie n iia?aoiinoyie, ia i?aauoathueie 6%.
Yoi iicaieyao ia yoaia i?iaeoe?iaaiey oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna n
aunieie noaiaiueth oi/iinoe ?ann/eoaoue cia/aiey i?iaeaia i?iaieiee e n
eo o/aoii noi?ie?iaaoue o?aaeoi?eth aeaeaeaiey oceia oeenaoeee IYE,
eiiiaine?othuoth aeeyiea ieceie aeanoeinoe i?iaieiee ia oi/iinoue
ia?aaioee oaeia e ?aaeeonia eiioo?a. Auai? iioeiaeueiie no?aoaaee
ia?aaioee iicaieyao a 2..2,5 ?aca nieceoue iia?aoiinoe eiioo?a i?e
oaaee/aiee a?aiaie ia?aaioee ia 5…20%.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iicaieeee iiaea?iece?iaaoue
yeaeo?iy?iceiiiua au?aciua i?iaiei/iua noaiee NYEAe-02 e NYEAe-03,
iaania/eoue iinoaaeo iio?aaeoaeyi NAI? OI YYI e ?ac?aaioaoue
eiino?oeoeee iniiaiuo oceia iaeaoa /aou?aoeii?aeeiaoiiai YYAN NYEAe-04.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?iaiei/iue yeaeo?iae, iaaeyeaeo?iaeiue i?iiaaeooie,
?ac?yae, eiioeuen, aiaeec, iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, oaieiaay iaa?ocea,
i?iaea i?iaiei/iiai yeaeo?iaea.

ANNOTATION

Vasiliyi I. Osipenko. Rising of Precision of the Dimension Electric
Discharge Machining at the Cutting Numerically Controlled Programmed
Machine Tools.- Manuscript.

The dissertation for the Scientific Degree of Candidate of technical
sciences on speciality 05.03.07- processes of physic-technical
machining. The National Ukraine Technical University “Kiev Polytechnic
Institute”, Kiev, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the investigation of the basic factors
which determine the precision level and efficiency of the input power
usage in IEI for the Electro discharge wire cutting at the cutting
numerically controlled programmed machine tools. Herein the
experimental, analytical and generalised dependencies, which give a
possibility to find out the interrelationship of the technological
systems constructive characteristics EDCM and physical and technological
parameters of the cutting process, to determine heat and hydrodynamic
conditions for smooth processing through the maximal productivity of
metal removal are determined. This has given an opportunity to make
demands and scientifically studied recommendation for machine units
design, work out a methodology of technological processes parameters
accounting for instrumental production tools of wide spectrum. The main
results of the investigation has given an opportunity to modern electric
discharge wire machinery NYEAe-02 and NYEAe-03, to provide users with
CAD TP EDM and work out construction of the main units of the
four-coordinate model EDCM NYEAe-04.

Key words: wire electrode, interelectrode interval, discharge, impulse,
analysis, math model, heat duty, wire electrode flexure.

PAGE 17

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