Підвищення ефективності роботи зубчатого зачеплення шляхом зміни жорсткості опор валів циліндричних передач: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / С.П. Н

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”

IACA?*OE NA?A?E IAO?IAE*

OAeE 621.833 : 621.824

I?AeAEUAIIss AOAEOEAIINO? ?IAIOE COA*AOIAI CA*AIEAIIss OEssOII CI?IE
AEI?NOEINO? III? AAE?A OeEE?IAe?E*IEO IA?AAeA*

05.02.02 – Iaoeiiciaanoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee –aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EAE?I?I Na?a?e A?eai?iae/, Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ”Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea”, i?ioani?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AIEUe*AIEI Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/, ?aaii–O?aie?anueeee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao iaooe ? aaco, i?ioani?

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

?INUe ss?ineaa Aaneeueiae/, NI “?inoeooo i?iaeai iaae?eiino? iaoei oa
nii?oae”, oaoi?/iee aee?aeoi?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa –Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a “Iaoeiiciaanoai oa aeaoae? iaoei”,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Iaeana

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 1400 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.052.06 i?e Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” ca aae?anith: 290646, Euea?a – 13, aoe. N.
Aaiaea?e, 12, aoae. 226.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” ca aae?anith:
290013, Euea?a – 13, aoe. I?ioani?nueea, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “19” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee ae.o.i., aeioeaio Oa?/aiei ?. A

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Coa/ao? ia?aaea/? iaaoee oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy a
oaoi?oe?, oiio iie?ioaiiy ?oi?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae c
iaeii/aniei caaacia/aiiyi aenieeo eaae?iao?e/ieo iieaciee?a ca ?aooiie
onoiaiiy i?e/ei, ui iiieaeothoue iano/o caeaoi?noue oa aeiaaia?/i?noue,
caeeoa?oueny aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. Aenie? aeiiae aei
iaae?eiino? coa/aoeo ia?aaea/ ia na?oiaiio ?eieo (eiia??i?noue
aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe iiaeiia neeaaeaoe ia iaioa 90% ia i?ioyc?
aecia/aiiai ?ano?no) iaoiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy oa
?icaeoeo iaoiae?a ?oiueiai i?iaeooaaiiy ? ae?iaieoeoaa. Aaeeea cia/aiiy
ia? iiooe ?aoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e coa/aoeo ?aaeoeoi??a oa iiaeaeueoa
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aeaiaio?a ia?aaea/ ia i?oei?noue oa
aei?noe?noue. Aeaia aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iai?aaeaia ia ae??oaiiy
aeooaeueii? i?iaeaie ?aaeoeoi?iaoaeoaaiiy – i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?iaioe coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/, ui neeaaeathoue
a?eueoa iieiaeie na?oiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa on?o ia?aaea/ ca/aieaiiyi.
Aiae?c iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo iaaaioaaeaiiy coaoe?a, i?iaaaeaiee o ?iaioao
Eoae?yaoeaaa A. I. oa O?e?iaiea A. E., na?ae/eoue i?i cia/i?
?icoiaeaeaiiy a ioe?ioe? aieeao ie?aieo oaeoi??a a caeaaeiino? a?ae
i?ecia/aiiy ? oi/iino? ia?aaea/?. Iie?ath/enue ia AeANO 21354 – 87 oa
?iaioe Caaeiinueeiai E. ?., Aa?eaa? E. I., Ae?ai?oiaa A. E., Aaie?ia I.
Ae., Iwatsubo T. oa ?ioeo iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aeaoi?iaoe?? aae?a
? i?aeoeiiee?a ?noioii aieeaathoue ia i?oei?noue coaoe?a. Oiio
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aae?a ia noaoe/io oa aeeiai?/io
aei?noe?noue c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae eiino?oeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy
aeaiaio?a ia?aaea/?, i?ieeaino? iiaeaoeeaino? iii?ieo aoce?a oa
coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy, ia??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue,
a oaeiae aea/aiiy aieeao cacia/aieo oaeoi??a ia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe
ia?aaea/? neeaaeathoue aeooaeueio iaoeiao i?iaeaio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oa oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiioaaeany ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e
aeaoaeae iaoei oaeoeueoaoo iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa aaoiiia?eueiiai
o?ainii?oo AeO “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” – “Aeeiai?ea oa i?oei?noue
iaoei oeeee?/ii? ae??”. Oaia ?iaioe aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c
aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith “I?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? ?
aeiaaia?/iino? iaoei oa eiino?oeoe?e”, a oaeiae I?ia?aiith Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a “Oe?a?ia – 2010” (i?iaeo 4 – “Oaoiieia?/ia oa oaoi?/ia
iiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa”).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca iaoo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
noaaeoueny i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe ca/aieaiiy oeee?iae?e/ieo
coa/aoeo ia?aaea/ ca ?aooiie caaacia/aiiy iiaiioe eiioaeoo aeoeaieo
iiaa?oiiue coaoe?a oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aae?a ia
aei?noe?noue oa eieeaaiiy, a oaeiae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeai?o iiaeaoeeaino?
iii?ieo aoce?a.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeaii? iaoe ?ica’cothoueny oae? caaea/?:

1. Ioe?iea noeoiiiai aieeao aeaoi?iaoe?e e?o/aiiy, caeio, cnoao oa
noeneo (?icoyao) ia iiia?a/i? ia?ai?uaiiy ia?a??c?a ae?eueieoeue aaea
no?ae/anoi? oi?ie c o?aooaaiiyi ae?? ia??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy oa nee, ui aeieeathoue a iii?ao i?ae
/an iiioaaeo ? ia eiinieuei?e /anoei? aaea i?ae /an ?iaioe.

2. Oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao i?inoi?iaiai ?ici?uaiiy aae?a
ia?aaea/ o ?aaeoeoi?? oa ?aaeoeoi?a o i?eaiae? ia aee?eaeaiiy in? aaea
i?ae iaaaioaaeaiiyi.

3. Ioe?iea nee aca?iiae?? aaea c iaoi/eiith i?e iayaiiio caci?? aai
iaoyao i?ae ieie, a oaeiae aieeao oeeo nee ia aee?eaeaiiy aaea oa
eieana-aooeee.

4. Aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aei?noeinoae aeaiaio?a
neeaaeaeueii? iaeeieoe? aaea oeee?iae?e/ii? ia?aaea/? aeey iie?ioaiiy
oiia oi?ioaaiiy ieyie eiioaeoo coaoe?a.

5. ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo /anoio ? oi?i iiia?a/ieo eieeaaiue
aaea oa aeeiai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy eiai iii? c o?aooaaiiyi ia??iaee/ii?
ci?ie aei?noeino? ca/aieaiiy oa i?aeoeiiee?a ei/aiiy.

6. Oai?aoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino?
aoaeoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy a?a?i?cieyoe?eieo iii? ci?iii? aei?noeino? aeey
iie?ioaiiy oiia oi?ioaaiiy noia?ii? ieyie eiioaeoo coaoe?a
oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/. ?ic?iaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e iii?ieo
aoce?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. 1. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo aeaoi?iaoe?e caeio, cnoao oa ?icoyao (noeneo) nooi?i/aoeo
aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo coa/aoeo ia?aaea/ c o?aooaaiiyi aeaoi?iaoe?e
e?o/aiiy nenoaie, ?ic-a?aeiino? iiaeaoeeainoae iii? ? iniaeeainoae
i?eeeaaeaiiy oa ?iciiae?eo ciai?oi?o iaaaioaaeaiue.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee nee aca?iiae?? aaea c iaoi/eiith
coa/aoiai eieana oa ?ic?aooieo aeaoi?iaoe?e aeaiaio?a neeaaeaeueii?
iaeeieoe?.

3. Ii?aoeueiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio aaea c
i?i-i?aeiei iaie?aiiyi ia iii?o ci?iii? aei?noeino? oa iaa?oioiaaia
aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy i?ii?aeieo iii? aae?a aeey iie?ioaiiy oiia
aca?iiae?? coaoe?a ia?aaea/?.

4. Ia iniia? oai??? aieiii?oieo ??oaiue aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue
?ic-?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aiae?co a?eueieo iiia?a/ieo eieeaaiue aaea
oeee?iae?e/ii? coa/aoi? ia?aaea/?, a oaeiae eieeaaiue, aeeeeeaieo
ia??iaee/iith ci?iith aei?noeino? iii?.

5. Iiaoaeiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeiooaieo iiia?a/ieo eieeaaiue aaea,
iaoiiaeaieo ae??th ia??iaee/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy c aieo coa/aoiai
ca/aieaiiy i?ae /an ia?aaeaaaiiy iino?eiiai iaa?oiaiai iiiaioo. Io?eiaii
aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo aeeiai?/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue ia iii?e, iaoiiaeaieo ianoae?noth aei?noe?nieo ia?aiao??a
ia?aaea/?.

6. ?ic?iaeaia ? i?i?ethno?iaaia iaoiaeeea /eneiaiai ?ic?aooieo
?aae?aeueii? aei?noeino? a?a?i?cieyoe?eieo iii?, eiino?oeoe?? yeeo
caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ia aeiaoiaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa io?eiaii aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?, ui aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue aiae?coaaoe aeaoi?iiaaiee noai aae?a coa/aoeo ia?aaea/,
aeaaaoe ioe?ieo oi/iino? iaaaioaaeaii? a i?ioean? ?iaioe ia?aaea/?,
cae?enithaaoe ?aoe?iiaeueiee aeia?? aei?noe?nieo ia?aiao??a aeaiaio?a
neeaaeaeueii? iaeeieoe? aaea, onoaaoe ?aciiaini? ?aaeeie ?iaioe oa
i?iaiaeeoe i?i?i?caoe?th aiie?ooae aeiooaieo eieeaaiue aeaiaio?a
ia?aaea/?.

Cai?iiiiiaaii ? caoeuaii aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ia aeiaoiaee
eiino?oeoe?? a?a?i?cieyoe?eieo iii? ci?iii? aei?noeino?, canoinoaaiiy
yeeo aeicaiey? i?aeaeuoaaoe aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe ia?aaea/ ca ?aooiie
iie?ioaiiy oiia aca?iiae?? coaoe?a. Aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy
i?iiiio?oueny iaie?aiiy aae?a ia aeiaeaoeiao i?ii?aeio i?oaeio iii?o c
iaoith ciaioaiiy ?iciaoo a?aeoeeaiue i?aeinueiai? a?aeaeae? ? noia?iiai
ia?aeino eie?n, a oaeiae ?icaaioaaeaiiy iniiaieo iii?.

Eiino?oeoe?? a?a?i?cieyoe?eieo iii? aae?a, a oaeiae iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo
?aae?aeueii? aei?noeino? oaeeo iii? aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e i?iaeooaaii?
iaa?niiai iaeaaeiaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei ia AAO
“Euea?aaa?ii?iii?iaeo”, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe ?ano?n
aaeii?iaiaea i?ea?aeiiai iaoai?cio aei 10%.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? iniaenoi iiaoaeiaaii
iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy
oa aeeiai?ee aae?a coa/aoeo oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/, ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aae?a ia aei?noe?noue oa iiia?a/i? eieeaaiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae aei?noe?nieo oa iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo ia?aiao??a.
Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy iii? ei/aiiy
ci?iii? aei?noeino? aeey aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/. Cai?iiiiiaaii
iia? eiino?oeoe?? a?a?i?cieyoe?eieo iii? oa ?o aeaiaio?a, a oaeiae
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ?oiuei? ?aae?aeueii? aei?noeino?. Aaoi? i?iaiaeea
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?eeiaa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o
ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Iniaenoee aianie
iiooeoaa/a a?aeia?aaeaii o iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, iioae?eiaaieo iaeiiin?aii
oa ca o/anoth aeena?oaioa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Euea?anueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo
oa AeO “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e aeaoaeae
iaoei cacia/aii? onoaiiae o 1986 – 1998 ?ieao oa 4-iio I?aeia?iaeiiio
neiiic?oi? oe?a?inueeeo ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a o Eueaia? o 1999 ?ioe?. O
iiaiiio ianyc? aeena?oaoe?y aeiiia?aeaeany ia ?icoe?aiiio iaoeiaiio
nai?ia?? eaoaae?e aeaoaeae iaoei oa iaoeiiciaanoaa Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo o 1999 ?ioe? oa iaoeiaiio
nai?ia?? NI “?inoeooo i?iaeai iaae?eiino? iaoei ? nii?oae” (i. Euea?a) o
1999 ?ioe?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 noaoae o iaoeiaeo
aeo?iaeao ? ca??ieeao, 1 oace aeiiia?ae?, io?eiaii 3 aaoi?nuee?
na?aeioeoaa ia aeiaoiaee. O oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo Oe?a?ie iioae?eiaaii 6
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 145
noi??ieao ? neeaaea?oueny ?c ia?ae?eo oiiaieo iicia/aiue, anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae ?c 200 iaeiaioaaiue, a oaeiae 7 aeiaeaoe?a o aeaeyae? ie?aii?
eieae ianyaii 113 noi??iie ? i?noeoue 44 ?ethno?aoe?? oa 23 oaaeeoe?.
Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe – 288 noi??iie. Aei aeena?oaoe?? aeiaea?oueny
aeo i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iaeaie,
ae??oaiith yei? i?enay/aia ?iaioa, aena?oeaii ?? ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie
i?ia?aiaie oa ieaiaie. Iiaeaii caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo, ie?aneaii
iniiaio iaoo oa noi?ioeueiaaii caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii iaoeiao
iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaaaaeaii
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ai?iaaoe?th iaoa??ae?a aeena?oaoe??, ioae?eaoe??, a
oaeiae i?i no?oeoo?o ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa aiae?c
aena?oeaieo o ieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe
aeaiaio?a oeee?iae?e/ieo coa/aoeo ia?aaea/ ca e?eoa??yie aeiaaia?/iino?
oa iano/i? caeaoiino?. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co nenoaiaoeciaaii
oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia oae? ?ioaa?aeuei? iieacieee yeino? ia?aaea/?
ye ieoo?aa oa noia?ia ieyie eiioaeoo ia aeoeai?e iiaa?oi? coaoe?a eie?n.
Na?aae cacia/aieo oaeoi??a aeae?eaii i?ieea?noue ciai?oiueiai oa
aioo??oiueiai iaaaioaaeaiue aeaiaio?a ia?aaea/, ia??iaee/io ci?io
aei?noeino? coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy oa i?aeoeiiee?a ei/aiiy, ?ia?oe?ei?noue
aeaoaeae, oi/i?noue aeaioiaeaiiy oa iiaeaoeea?noue aeaiaio?a
neeaaeaeueii? iaeeieoe? aaea. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui aeaoi?iaoe?? aaea oa
eiai iii? i?ae iaaaioaaeaiiyi ?noioii aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy ieyie
eiioaeoo coaoe?a. Iaeiae aieea i?ieeainoae aei?noeino? coa/aoiai
ca/aieaiiy oa i?aeoeiiee?a, ?iai/eo ? iiioaaeieo iaaaioaaeaiue aaea,
iniaeeainoae ?ici?uaiiy aaea o ?aaeoeoi?? oa ?aaeoeoi?a o i?eaiae? ia
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe ia?aaea/? aeine?aeaeaiee iaaeinoaoiuei. Ia aei
e?ioey c’yniaaii aieea inueiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue, ye? ni?eeia? aae, ia
oa?aeoa? eiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy. sse iane?aeie, ia ?nio? iaa?oioiaaieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?aaeaiaioaoe?? aaee/eie iaeneiaeueii? aeaoi?iaoe??
aaea oeee?iae?e/ii? ia?aaea/?. Aeoiaey/e c no/aniiai noaio i?iaeaie,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ?acoeueoaoe
?ica’ceo yeeo aeeeaaeaii o ianooiieo ?icae?eao.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeythoueny iaoiaeeee oa aoaeothoueny aeai?eoie
noaoe/iiai ?ic?aooieo ia?aeiieo ? aoi?eiieo aae?a ??ciioeiieo
oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/ ia iiia?a/io aei?noe?noue c o?aooaaiiyi
aaaaoiaaeoi?iino? aeaoi?iaoe?e no?ae/anoeo aae?a, i?ieeaino?
iiaeaoeeainoae oa niiniao cae??ieaiiy iii? ei/aiiy, iniaeeainoae
i?eeeaaeaiiy oa ?iciiae?eo ciai?oi?o nee. Iaa?oioiaothoueny o?ce/i? oa
iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/ aeey ?aaeoeoi??a
??ciiiai?oiiai eiino?oeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy, iaaiaeyoueny ?ic?aooieia?
oi?ioee aeey ioe?iee iiia?a/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?e aaea.

Ia?aeiiee aae. sse o?ce/ia iiaeaeue ia?aeiiiai aaea, anoaiiaeaiiai ia
eoeueeiaeo i?aeoeiieeao, i?eeiyoa nooe?eueia no?ae/anoa ?cio?iiia aaeea,
cae??ieaia ia i?oaeieo oa?i??ieo iii?ao. Aae, iniauaiee
?ieeeii?aeoeiieeaie (oaa?iiia ia?aaea/a oa ia?aaea/a c ?icae?eaieie
iioieaie iiooaeiino?) ?icaeyaea?oueny ye cauaieaia aaeea, ui anoaiiaeaia
c iiaeeea?noth inueiaiai ia?ai?uaiiy. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia aaea c
eoeueeiaeie i?aeoeiieeaie cia?aaeaia ia ?en. 1, aea – ia??aiii??ii
?iciiae?eaia acaeiaae aanoeene iaaaioaaeaiiy coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy; –
?iciiae?eaiee iiiaio caeio aaea; – cina?aaeaeaia inueiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy;
1, 2, 3 oa 1, 2, 3 – oiiaii cina?aaeaeai? ia iii?ao ? iiioaaei? oa
eiinieuei? iaaaioaaeaiy; — iiia?a/i? ia?ai?uaiiy caeaoi?iiaaii? in?
aaea; , , oa l – aeiaaeeie ae?eueieoeue oa i?iaiio aaea i?ae
iii?aie; 1, 2 – iiiaioe ?ia?oe?? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co no?ae/anoeo
ae?eueieoeue aaea; – iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? iaoa??aeo; *, ** –
?aae?aeuei? aei?noeino? iii?.

Aeey ?icaeyiooeo ia?aaea/ o aeiaaeeao iaeii- oa ??ciinoi?iiiueiai
i?aeaiaeo oa a?aeaiaeo iiooaeiino? ?iciiae?e i?eeiaany ci?iiei ca
a?ia?aie?/iei caeiiii, ui iiynith?oueny aieeaii aeaoi?iaoe?? e?o/aiiy
ia?a??c?a aaea ?acii c o?eii eieana, ca?aeii c aeine?aeaeaiiyie Oi?a A.
I. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iiia?a/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?e aaea a?oioo?oueny ia
a?aeiieo aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo caeaaeiinoyo oai??? /enoiai caeio oa cnoao
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picscalex1000100090000034c0200000300170000000000050000000902000000000400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 ( = , , );
(1)
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 ( =,
, ), (2)

aea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 – iiiaio caeio, ui
ae?? ia ia?a??c -oi? ae?eueieoe? aaea;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 – ieiua iiia?a/iiai
ia?a??co ?-oi? ae?eueieoe? aaea; G – iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? noae? aaea i?e
cnoa?; *= 32/27 – eio?oe??io i?iii?oe?iiaeueiino?.

Aeey ?ic?aooieiaeo iiaeaeae ia?aeiieo aae?a i?yiicoaeo, einicoaeo oa
oaa?iiieo ia?aaea/ ?ioaa?oaaiiy ??aiyiue (1) oa (2) aeeiio?oueny o
aeiaeaoeao aei aeena?oaoe??. Caaaeueia aiae?oe/ia caeaaei?noue aeey
ioe?iee noeoiieo iiia?a/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?e ae?eueieoe? coa/aoiai a?ioey
ia?aeiiiai aaea ia?aaea/? iaaoaa? aeaeyaeo
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picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02e00100011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbcffffffc00000009c0100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000(picscalex10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),
(3)

aea – noeoiia iiia?a/ia ia?ai?uaiiy in? aaea, aecia/aia c o?aooaaiiyi
eiai aeaoi?iaoe?e oa i?in?aeaiiy iii?; – ia?ai?uaiiy in? aaea,
iaoiiaeaia aeaoi?iaoe?yie caeio, cnoao oa iiia?aaeiueiai e?o/aiiy a?ae
ae?? iiioaaeieo oa eiinieueieo iaaaioaaeaiue, a oaeiae iaaaioaaeaiiy
coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy; A ,A – iaaaioaaeaiiy iii?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy noia?ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? iaaiaeyoueny oi?ioee o
caaaeueiiio oa ni?iuaiiio aeaeyae?. Ni?iuaiee aeae oi?ioe io?eiaii
oeyoii ?iceeaaeo a?ia?aie?/ieo ooieoe?e o noaiaiaa? ?yaee. Oae? oi?ioee
caienai? aeey ??cieo aeiaaee?a i?eeeaaeaiiy ciai?oi?o coneeue 1, 2, 3,
1, 2, 3 oa c iaoith ioe?iee ?oiueiai aieeao ia aeaoi?iaoe?? aaea.

Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ia?aeiiiai aaea ?aaeoeoi?a ia?aai?iiai oeio aai
einicoai? oaeaeeio?aeii? ia?aaea/? aaaaoinooi?i/anoiai ?aaeoeoi?a
aaco?oueny ia oai??? iicaeiaaeiuei-iiia?a/iiai caeio. Aeey iieno
aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio aaea canoiniao?oueny ??aiyiiy iiaiiai iiiaioo
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, (4)
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 – iiaiee iiiaio
caeio ia -o?e ae?eueieoe?; Iii – iiaia iiia?a/ia ia?ai?uaiiy in?,
iaoiiaeaia aeaoi?iaoe?yie caeio oa cnoao. Io?eiai? caaaeuei? oa ni?iuai?
oi?ioee aeey ioe?iee noia?ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? aaea, yeeie iiaeia ei?e
nooaaoeny aeey ioe?iee aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio aoi?eiieo aae?a ni?aa?nieo
?aaeoeoi??a.

Aca?iiae?y iaoi/eie eieana c aoi?eiiei aaeii. sse ? o aeiaaeeo
ia?aeiiiai aaea, o?ce/ia iiaeaeue aaea i?eeiaeany o aeaeyae? aaeee ia
aeaio oa?i??ieo iii?ao. Aeey aaniethoii aei?noeeo iii? ?ic?aooieiaa
noaia aaea cia?aaeaia ia ?en. 2, aea aeiaeaoeiai iicia/aii: –
?ioaineai?noue i?ioeae?? iaoi/eie; – iiaeeeaee caci? — i?ae eieanii oa
aaeii; – ae?eeeueiee ae?aiao? eieana; – ae?aiao? aaea o i?noe?
?ici?uaiiy eieana. ?icaeyaea?oueny aeaa iniiaieo aeiaaeee ?ici?uaiiy
eieana ia aaeo: iinaaeea eieana aeeiiaia c iaoyaii, aai ?c caci?ii . O
ia?oiio aeiaaeeo ?ica’coaaiiy caaea/? i?iaiaeeoueny aeey aaea noaeiai
iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co aea?aaeaioii? aei?noeino?. A?eueo neeaaeiei ?
ae?oaee aeiaaeie aeaoi?ii?aaiiai noaio aaea, eiee ca ?aooiie iayaiino?
caci?o i?ae aeaoaeyie aeieea? “iaiiaiee” aai ”iiaiee” eiioaeo iaoi/eie c
aaeii. sseui ia? i?noea “iaiiaiee” eiioaeo, oi iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aae
ia?aaea?oueny e?aei?ie ia?a??caie iaoi/eie. I?e “iiaiiio” eiioaeo? –
oa?aeoa? aeaoi?iaoe?? aaea ?noioii ci?ith?oueny, ine?eueee c‘yaey?oueny
“eeoi?e ca’ycie”– o?aoy iiaa?oiy eiioaeoo (?en.2). O ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo
aeei?enoiao?oueny ?ic?aooieiaa iiaeaeue aaea no?ae/anoi? oi?ie.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio aaea, ui ciaoiaeeoueny
i?ae ae??th nenoaie c??aiiaaaeaieo nee – oa . C o?aooaaiiyi a?iioace
A?ieea?a-Oieaoa iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio aaea
noi?iiaaia ?c ??aiyiue (1), (2) oa a?aeiiiai aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai
??aiyiiy i?iaeio aaeee ia i?oaei?e iniia?
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(picscalex100010009000003d7000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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), (5)

aea – iiia?a/ia ia?ai?uaiiy in? aaea i?ae iaoi/eiith eieana; –
eio?oe??io i?aeioae, yeee o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aecia/a?oueny caeaaei?noth
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, (6)

ooo – aeiaaeeia ae?eueieoe? aaea, iaiaaeaii? iaoi/eiith; max –
iaeneiaeueiee i?iaei aaea o nenoai? “aae-iaoi/eia” i?e “iaiiaiiio”
eiioaeo?. O ?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny oi?ioea aeey iaaeeaeaiiai ia/eneaiiy
eio?oe??ioa 1 oa e?ioeaa? oi?ioee aeey ioe?iee aeaoi?iaoe?e aaea,
ia?aeino eieana ia aaeo oa ia?aeino e?eaoeue i?aeoeiiee?a iii? ei/aiiy.
I?ii?aeia iaie?aiiy aaea. C iaoith ciaioaiiy iiia?a/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?e
aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/, iniaeeai, ia?aeiieo aae?a ?aaeoeoi??a
ia?aai?iiai oeio, i?iiiio?oueny aeiaeaoeiaa iaie?aiiy aaea ia i?ii?aeio
i?oaeio iii?o. Oaeo iii?o iiaeia aeeiioaaoe o aeaeyae? ?ici?uaiiai ia
ciai?oiueiio e?eueoe? a?a?i?cieyoe?eiiai aai noaiaea?oiiai i?aeoeiieea
ia?aceoiiai coa/aoiai eieana /e ?ieeea, ui eiioaeoo? c oano??iath /e
aaeii ? i?ioeae?? eiai i?iaeio. O?ce/ia iiaeaeue aaea c i?ii?aeiith
i?oaeiith iii?ith i?eeia?oueny o aeaeyae? o?ueioiii?ii? aaeee c
i?ii?aeiei iaie?aiiyi ia i?oaeio iniiao, ye iieacaii ia ?en. 3, aea ii
– ?aae?aeueia aei?noe?noue i?ii?aeii? iii?e; ?aooa iicia/aiue
a?aeiia?aea? ?en. 1 oa ?en. 2. Aeey iiaoaeiae iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio aaea ia?aaea/? c oaeith iii?ith aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
??aiyiiy aeaeo (1), (2) oa (5). O oeueiio aeiaaeeo eio?oe??io i?aeioae 2
i?eeiaany /enaeueii ??aiei ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eai?e ?aae?aeuei?e
aei?noeino? i?aeoeiieea i?ii?aeii? iii?e. Iaaeeaeaia ioe?iea
iaaaioaaeaiiy oaei? iii?e i?iaiaeeeany c aeei?enoaiiyi ??aiyiiy o?ueio
iiiaio?a. Io?eiaia oi?ioea aeey ia/eneaiiy iiia?a/ieo ia?ai?uaiue in?
aaea ia ae?eueieoe? i?oaeii? i?ii?aeii? iii?e o aeaeyae?
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(picscalex100010009000003d7000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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), (7)

aea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 – iiia?a/i? ia?ai?uaiiy in? ae?eueieoe?
aaea ia ?ioa?aae? i?ii?aeii? iii?e;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 – ia?ai?uaiiy ia oiio ae i?ii?aeeo aac
o?aooaaiiy i?ii?aeiiai iaie?aiiy;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 – ia?ai?uaiiy,
iaoiiaeai? aieeaii i?ii?aeii? iii?e.

?ethno?aoe?y cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaeee i?iaiaeeoueny ia i?eeeaaeao
aeaaeeeo aae?a coa/aoeo oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/ c ia?aiao?aie, ui
iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe?.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ia?aiao?e iaoai?/ii? nenoaie aaea

Iacaa ia?aiao?aIicia/aiiy*eneiaa cia/aiiy?ici??i?noueIaa?oiaee iiiaio ia
aaeoT115035H iiNoia?ia ii?iaeueia cina?aaeaeaia iaaaioaaeaiiy coa/aoiai
ca/aieaiiyFn800HA?aeaeaeue i?ae iii?aie aaea ia?aaea/?aac iiae?eo iioieo
iiooaeiino?l80iiia?aai?iiai ?aaeoeoi?al160iiOe?eia coa/aoiai a?ioey aaea
ia?aaea/?aac iiae?eo iioieo iiooaeiino?

b

40

iiia?aai?iiai ?aaeoeoi?ab30iiA?aeaeaeue i?ae oi?oeyie coa/aoiai a?ioey
oa i?aeoeiieeaie iii?a, c20iiA?aeaeaeue i?ae oi?oeyie coa/aoeo a?ioe?a
iai?aoaa?ii?a aaeac060iiEoo iaoeeo coaoey einicoaiai a?ioey12a?aaeEoo
iaoeeo coaoey iai?aoaa?iia15a?aaeEoo ca/aieaiiy20a?aaeAe?eeeueiee
ae?aiao? oano??i?do40iiAe?eeeueiee ae?aiao? eieanadk80iiAe?aiao?
ia?a??co aaeadb32iiAEi?noe?noue coa/aoiai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?eeia?oueny, ui aaeii?ia?ae
i?noeoue noaiaea?oi? i?aeoeiieee ei/aiiy oa aooeeiai – iaeueoeaao ioooo.
Aeey ia/eneaiiy ?aae?aeueii? aei?noeino? oaeeo i?aeoeiiee?a o ia?oiio
iaaeeaeaii? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny caeaaeiino?, io?eiai? Aaeaoiaei I. A. oa
Ao?i?no?iaei A. I. Uia ia/eneeoe iiiaioe ?ia?oe?? ia?a??c?a coa/aoeo
a?ioe?a aeaaeeeo aae?a, aeei?enoiaoaaeany iaoiaeeea, cai?iiiiiaaia
Aaae??iei N. O. Oaaeeoe? c ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a caianaii o
aeiaeaoee aei aeena?oaoe??. Iiaoaeiaai? a?ao?/i? cia?aaeaiiy eiia??iiai
aee?eaeaiiy inae ae?eueieoeue aeaaeeeo aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/.

I?iaiaeeoueny iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao iai?yie?a oa cia/aiue
ciai?oi?o iaaaioaaeaiue aaea ia e?eaeio eiai in? ye c o?aooaaiiyi oae ?
aac o?aooaaiiy iiaeaoeeainoae iii?. Ia ?en. 4, 5 iaaaaeai? iiaeeea?
aee?eaeaiiy in? ae?eueieoe? aaea, iaiaaeaii? i?yiicoaei oa einicoaei
a?ioeai, aeey ??cieo aeiaaee?a i?eeeaaeaiiy ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue aaea.
Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe ?noioiee aieea iai?yie?a i?eeeaaeaiiy iiioaaeieo oa
eiinieueieo iaaaioaaeaiue, ye? aecia/athoueny i?inoi?iaei ?ici?uaiiyi
?aaeoeoi?a o i?eaiae? oa oiiaaie cae??ieaiiy i?aeoeiiee?a aae?a, ia
aeaoi?iaoe?? aaea. Aee?eaeaiiy in? i?yiicoaiai aaea, ui cia?aaeaia ia
?en. 4, ia/eneaia aeey iaeiino?iiiueiai i?aeaiaeo oa a?aeaiaeo
iiooaeiino? aac o?aooaaiiy iiaeaoeeaino? iii?. E?eaa “a” a?aeia?aaea?
aee?eaeaiiy in? aaea aac o?aooaaiiy iiioaaeieo oa eiinieueieo
iaaaioaaeaiue; e?eaa “a” – c o?aooaaiiyi iaaaioaaeaiue, ui ae?thoue ca
iai?yieaie, iicia/aieie ia ?en.1, a e?eaa “a” – c o?aooaaiiyi
iaaaioaaeaiue i?ioeeaaeieo iai?yie?a. Ae?y eiinieueieo oa iiioaaeieo
iaaaioaaeaiue ca noaiith, ui a?aeiia?aea? ?en. 1, i?ecaiaeeoue aei
c?inoaiiy e?eaeie in? ae?eueieoe? coa/aoiai a?ioey aaea ia 21,3%, i?e
oeueiio na?aaei?e eoo ia?aeino coa/aoiai a?ioey c?inoa? aaea?/? ?
aeinyaa? cia/aiiy 0,22 10-5 ?aae. O aeiaaeeo cai?ioieo iai?yie?a ae??
eiinieueieo oa iiioaaeieo iaaaioaaeaiue aee?eaeaiiy in? ae?eueieoe?
a?ioey ciaioothoueny ia 27%, a na?aaei?e eoo ia?aeino – o 4,6 ?aco. E??i
oiai, iiioaaei? oa eiinieuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy cia/ii ia?aaaioaaeothoue
iii?e, iniaeeai c? noi?iie i?aeaiaeo iiooaeiino?. Ca ?aooiie
caaacia/aiiy iaaieo iai?yie?a i?eeeaaeaiiy ciai?oi?o iaaaioaaeaiue
oeyoii ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy ?aaeoeoi?a o i?eaiae? iiaeia cia/ii
cieceoe ia?aeine eie?n ( e?ea? “a” ? “a” ia ?en. 4).

Eiinieuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy 3 oa 3 aieeaathoue ia aee?eaeaiiy in? aaea
einicoai? ia?aaea/? aeaui iaioa o ii??aiyii? c i?yiicoaith ia?aaea/ath.
Ia ?en. 5 e?ea? “ae” ? “a” iiaoaeiaaii aeey aeiaaeeo ??ciinoi?iiiueiai
i?aeaiaeo oa a?aeaiaeo iiooaeiino? c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeaoeeaino? iii?.
I?eeiaeiny, ui inueiaa coneeey a iai?aaeaia aei iii?e A, a i?eeeaaeaiiy
eiinieueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ae?? o i?ioeeaaeiiio aei iaaaaeaiiai ia ?en.
1 iai?yieo. E?eaa “ae” a?aeia?aaea? aee?eaeaiiy in? c o?aooaaiiyi
eiinieueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, a e?eaa “a” – aac o?aooaaiiy ae?? oaeiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy. ??cieoey ia?ai?uaiue e?aei?o ia?a??c?a coa/aoiai a?ioey
c? noi?iie i?aeaiaeo iiooaeiino? noaiiaeoue aeecueei 14,2%.

Ia ?en. 6 iaaaaeai? e?ea?, ui ?ethno?othoue aee?eaeaiiy in? ae?eueieoe?
coa/aoiai a?ioey aaea einicoai? ia?aaea/? a iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao
iaaaioaaeaiiy c i?ii?aeiei iaie?aiiyi (e?eaa “?”) oa aac iueiai (e?eaa
“ae”). Aaaaeaiiy i?ii?aeii? i?oaeii? iii?e ciaioo? o 5,2 ?aco
iaeneiaeueia ia?ai?uaiiy in? aaea, nooo?ai cieaeo? ia?aeine a?ioey, a
oaeiae ni?ey? cia/iiio ?icaaioaaeaiith iniiaieo iii?. O ?icaeyiooiio
i?eeeaae? iaea?eueo a?aeaeaeaia a?ae noi?iie i?aeaiaeo iiooaeiino? iii?a
A (?en.3) iaaaioaaeaia o 2,5 ?aco iaioa, i?ae iii?a A, ui ?icoaoiaaia c?
noi?iie i?aeaiaeo iiooaeiino? (A = 150,6 I; A = 372,3 I). Iaea?eueoa
iaaaioaaeaiiy ni?eeia? i?ii?aeia iii?a (ii = 408,8 I). I?e ni?eyoeeaiio
aeai?? iai?yie?a inueiaeo, eiinieueieo oa iiioaaeieo iaaaioaaeaiue
iiaeia oieeiooe iaiao?aeiino? canoinoaaiiy iii?e, ?ici?uaii? ia a?eueo?e
a?aeaeae? a?ae noi?iie i?aeaiaeo iiooaeiino?.

O ?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co aee?eaeaiiy inae
ae?eueieoeue coa/aoeo a?ioe?a aeaaeeeo aae?a oaa?iiieo ia?aaea/ oa
ia?aaea/ c ?icae?eaiei iioieii iiooaeiino?, a oaeiae noia?ieo ia?aein?a
?oi?o coa/aoeo a?ioe?a oa e?eaoeue i?aeoeiiee?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaiaeyoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy iiia?a/ieo eieeaaiue
aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo coa/aoeo ia?aaea/. Iaa?oioiaaii ?ic?aooieia? noaie
aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co aeeiai?/ieo yaeu ca iino?eieo oa ci?iieo oiia
cae??ieaiiy aaea a iii?ao. Iiaoaeiaaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aeiooaieo
eieeaaiue aaea, iaoiiaeaieo ia??iaee/iith ci?iith aei?noeino?
ca/aieaiiy oa ae??th iino?eiiai ciai?oiueiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ?aaeoeoi?a.
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aieeao ci?iieo ca ia??iaee/iei caeiiii
aei?noeino? ca/aieaiiy oa aei?noeinoae iii? ia aiie?ooaeii-/anoioi?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeiooaieo eieeaaiue aaea oa iaaaioaaeaiiy eiai iii?.

sse o?ce/ia iiaeaeue aaea i?eeiyoa aaeea, ui iie?a?oueny ia aea? i?oaei?
oa?i??i? iii?e. Aeaiaio i?eaiaeo, ui cae??ieaiee ia eiinieuei?e /anoei?
aaea, ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oaa?aea o?ei.

Aeey iieno iiia?a/ieo eieeaaiue aaea aeei?enoiao?oueny a?aeiia ??aiyiiy
c /anoeiaeie iio?aeieie:
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, (8)

?ioaa?oaaiiy yeiai i?iaiaeeoueny ca oaeeo e?aeiaeo
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 (9)
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; (10)
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;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 (11)

oa ii/aoeiaeo
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;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 (12)

oiia.

O ??aiyiiyo (8) – (12) i?eeiyoi iicia/aiiy: Wae – aeeiai?/iee i?iaei
aaea; Jo – iiiaio ?ia?oe?? eiinieueii cae??ieaii? aeaoae? ianith mo; ()
– iiaiiia iana aaea; () – iiiaio ?ia?oe?? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co aaea;
() oa () – ?aae?aeuei? aei?noeino? iii?; n (t) – cina?aaeaeaia
aeeiai?/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy, iaoiiaeaia i?ieea?noth aei?noeino? ca/aieaiiy,
i?eeeaaeaia iina?aaeei? i?iaiio aaea.

?icaeyaeathoueny a?euei? iiia?a/i? eieeaaiiy aaea, anoaiiaeaiiai ia
aeaio i?oaeieo oa?i??ieo iii?ao ?c noaeeie aei?noeinoyie oa . ?c
canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo ?icae?eaiiy ci?iieo, oai??? noaiaiaaeo ?yae?a oa
?yae?a Oo?’? io?eiaii ae?ace aieiaii? oi?ie oa /anoio a?eueieo
iiia?a/ieo eieeaaiue aaea.

Ia?aiao?e/i? eieeaaiiy aaea, ui aeieeathoue o ca’yceo c ioeuenaoe?yie
aei?noeinoae iii? ei/aiiy, ?icaeyaeathoueny ca oiiae, ui aei?noeino?
i?aeoeiiee?a ci?iththoueny ca aa?iii?/iei caeiiii ?c /anoioaie oa 2.
A?aoiao?oueny, ui aiie?ooaee ? /anoioe i?ieeaino? aei?noeinoae ia
ca?aathoueny. O aeiaaeeo eiiieaeoaoe?? aaea iaeiaeiaeie i?aeoeiieeaie
?oi? aei?noeino? iiaeooue eieeaaoeny c? noaeei cnoaii oac. *anoioa ci?ie
aei?noeino? iii?e aaaaeaeany e?aoiith /anoio? iaa?oaiiy naia?aoi?a oa
/eneo o?e ei/aiiy. Oi?ia eieeaaiue aecia/a?oueny o aeaeyae? noie aeaio
ooieoe?e, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue ieineiia?aeaeueiee ? ia?aiiniee ?oo aaea
ye aaniethoii oaa?aeiai o?ea oa eiai aeaoi?iaoe?ei? eieeaaiiy.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aieiaii? oi?ie aeiooaieo eieeaaiue cina?aaeaeaia
iaaaioaaeaiiy n a?aeia?aaeaeiny ca aeiiiiiaith ia?oiai /eaia ?yaeo
Oo?’?, eiao?oe??io yeiai i?eeiaany o aeaeyae? a?aeiii? ?c aeine?aeaeaiue
Ae?ai?oiaa A.E. caeaaeiino?. Aei oaaae i?eeiaeany ia?oa aa?iii?ea neee

picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02400240011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffc0ffffff00010000000200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000
picscalex100010009000003a50300000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c020005e0311200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb9ffffffa0310000b90400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200110000000fb02abfd0c01000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320abc02f00101000000280010000000fb02abfd0c010000
00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320abc02950401000000290010000000fb0267fd0c0100000000900100000002
0002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a1a04
dd0801000000280010000000fb0267fd0c01000000009001000000020002001053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a1a04b811010000002900
09000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d0100000500000014025002e006
05000000130250022f1210000000fb02abfd0c0100000000900100000002000200105379
6d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320abc02b72601000000
280010000000fb02abfd0c01000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c00020400
00002d01010004000000f001020008000000320abc026b2c01000000290010000000fb02
9bfd0c01000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0102000400
0000f001010008000000320abb021b21010000005b0010000000fb029bfd0c0100000000
9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f00102000800
0000320abb02e32c010000005d000500000014025002c72f05000000130250029f311700
0000fb0240fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e2043797200cc9e040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a1d0468300100
00006c0008000000320aa701b63001000000780009000000320ac002822d030000007369
6e0008000000320ac002692301000000740009000000320ac002bf1e03000000636f7300
09000000320ac0020f190300000073696e0009000000320ac00231130300000073696e00
08000000320aa701770c01000000500008000000320ac002f20301000000740008000000
320ac0027703010000002c0008000000320ac0028b0201000000780008000000320ac002
4b0001000000460017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc9e040000002d01010004000000f00102000800
0000320a3003460101000000630010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001010000020002
001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320aa701c02f
01000000700008000000320ac002a32a01000000620008000000320ac0021b2701000000
610008000000320ac002782501000000700008000000320ac0025f210100000076000800
0000320ac0022d1b02000000706208000000320ac0024f1502000000706108000000320a
1d04f00f01000000620008000000320a1d04230e01000000610008000000320a1d04d50a
01000000650008000000320a1d04410901000000650008000000320a1d04d90601000000
700010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c00020400
00002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a8d04d40b01000000620008000000320a
8d04280a01000000610015000000fb0220ff000000000000900101000000040200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e00009e040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000
320a3003b82b01000000310008000000320a3003532801000000310008000000320a3003
e12201000000330008000000320a3003381d01000000310008000000320a30037d170100
0000310008000000320a8d04051101000000310008000000320a8d045b0f010000003100
08000000320a54032d0801000000330015000000fb0240fe000000000000900101000000
0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00009e040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320aa7016f0b01000000380010000000fb0240fe00000000000090010000
00020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a
c0024629010000002b0008000000320ac0024c24010000002d0008000000320ac002141e
01000000d70008000000320ac002591801000000d70008000000320ac0027b1201000000
d70008000000320a1d04fc0c010000002d0008000000320ac0027305010000003d000a00
000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc020000
00cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000
, (13)

aea ? – ii?iaeueia cina?aaeaeaia neea coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy; ? –
inueiaee oa oi?oeueiaee eio?oe??ioe ia?ae?eooy; ? 1 – ae?iaia? /anoeie
aeacaieo eio?oe??io?a; c – /anoioa ia?ani?yaeaiiy coaoe?a.

Io?eiaii oi?ioeo aeey ia/eneaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy iaei??? ?c
iii? aeaaeeiai aaea, iaoiiaeaiiai aa?iii?/iith ci?iith aei?noeino?
ca/aieaiiy oa aei?noeino? iii?
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. (14)

C oi?ioee (14) aeieeaa?, ui iaaaioaaeaiiy iii?e oai?aoe/ii i?yio? aei
aaciaaeiino?, yeui
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.
(15)

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo o ?icae?e? caeaaeiinoae ?ic?iaeythoueny
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a aaea, iane eiinieueii cae??ieaii? aeaoae?, eiao?oe??io?a
ia?ae?eooy, oei?a oa na??e i?aeoeiiee?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue i?i?i?coaaoe aeeiai?/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy iii?,
iaoiiaeai? ia??iaee/iith ci?iith aei?noeino? ca/aieaiiy oa aei?noeino?
iii?, ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo coa/aoeo ia?aaea/.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/o?oueny iieno eiino?oeoe?e, ?ic?aooieiaeo noai,
o?ce/ieo oa iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio i?oaeieo iii?
ci?iii? aei?noeino?, eiino?oeoe?? yeeo caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie ia aeiaoiaee ? 1749566, ? 1754947 oa ? 1815439.
Iaaiaeyoueny iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ?aae?aeueii? aei?noeino? iii? oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?oiueiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy.

Iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ?aae?aeueii? aei?noeino? iii? a?oioothoueny ia
oai??? aeaoi?ioaaiiy e?eaie?i?eieo noa?aei?a (e?eaoeue). Iioaioe?aeueia
aia?a?y aeaoi?iaoe?? aecia/a?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao caeiaeueieo
iiiaio?a ? iiia?a/ieo nee, ui aeieeathoue aiane?aeie ae?? ciai?oi?o nee
c aieo o?ueio iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo o?e ei/aiiy. C aeei?enoaiiyi
oai?aie Eano?eueyii aecia/a?oueny aeaoi?iaoe?y e?eaoeue i?aeoeiiee?a (a.
n. ?1754947, ?1815439), aai i?oaeiiai caniao (a. n. ? 1749566), ui
aea? iiaeeea?noue ciaeoe aei?noe?noue iii?e. Aeey neeaaeiiai iiia?a/iiai
ia?a??co e?eaoeue i?aeoeiiee?a c i?aeaeuaieie a?a?i?cieyoe?eieie
aeanoeainoyie iaea?aeai? oi?ioee aeey ia/eneaiiy inueiaiai iiiaioo
?ia?oe??. Iaaiaeyoueny i?eeeaaee ?ic?aooieo ?aae?aeueii? aei?noeino?
iii?.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? i?iaiaeeoueny iien iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, oa?aeoa?enoee aeine?aeii? onoaiiaee, ia?aiao??a
aeaiaio?a i?aeaeine?aeii? coa/aoi? ia?aaea/?, aeeeaaeathoueny
iine?aeiai?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo oa io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, a
oaeiae iaaiaeyoueny ?ethno?aoe?? ? aeniiaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaee o a?coaeueiiio ii??aiyii? ieiu noia?ieo ieyi
eiioaeoo aeoeaieo iiaa?oiiue coaoe?a eie?n iaeiinooi?i/aoi? i?yiicoai?
oeee?iae?e/ii? ia?aaea/? cieaeaii? oi/iino?. A iii?ao aae?a
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny noaiaea?oi? i?aeoeiieee ei/aiiy, aai eiia?iaoe?y oaeeo
i?aeoeiiee?a c iii?ith ci?iii? aei?noeino?. Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeeny ia
onoaiiaoe?, ui aoea iiaoaeiaaia ia aac? i?eeaaeo AeI–3I, ? neeaaeaeany
?c oaeeo iniiaieo /anoei: i?yiicoaiai oeee?iae?e/iiai ?aaeoeoi?a c
a?aee?eoith ia?aaea/ath, aeaeo?iaeaeaoia c aeaeo?iiiei oaoiiao?ii,
iaaaioaaeoaaeueiiai i?eno?ith o aeaeyae? iaai?oiiai ii?ioeiaiai aaeueia,
aeaeo?iiiiai aeieo ia oan? c iaiaeeth oi?aae?iiy oa ei?iono. Iieace
iaa?oiaiai iiiaioo, iiiaioo iii?o oa /anoioe iaa?oaiiy ia?aeiiiai aaea
?aaeoeoi?a ci?iaeeny c i?e?iaiia?iao??a oeio I425AI OO 25–04–2222 – 73.
A iaio aeiaaeeao eiiieaeoaoe?? aaea iii?aie ??cieo aei?noeinoae
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny i?e /anoio? iaa?oaiiy aaea aeaeo?iaeaeaoia
ne = 600 ia/oa. Iiiaio aaeueioaaiiy caaacia/oaaany ??aiei T2 = 0,8 I i.

Coaoe? eie?n c iiaeoeai mn = 1,0 ii aoee iaei?aaiaai?, iaiiaeeo?eiaai? c
oaa?ae?noth aeoeaii? iiaa?oi? a na?aaeiueiio HRC 20. *enoioa ia?iaee
a?aeiia?aeaea ii?iai ia?aaea/ caaaeueiiiaoeiiaoae?aiiai canoinoaaiiy.
Iiioaae ia?aaea/? o ?aaeoeoi?? oa ?aaeoeoi?a o i?eaiae? cae?enithaaany
aac aeio?eiaiiy iniaeeaeo aeiia oi/iino?. Iaaenieo oi/i?noue o aeiaaeeo
eiiieaeoaoe?? aae?a noaiaea?oieie i?aeoeiieeaie, aoei aeyaeaii ca
oi?iith, ieiuath oa i?noeai oi?ioaaiiy noia?ii? ieyie eiioaeoo ia
aeoeai?e iiaa?oi? coaoe?a. O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei no/anii? oaiaeaioe??
i?iaeooaaiiy oa aeaioiaeaiiy oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/ coa/ao? a?ioe?
eie?n aoee aocueeeie, eiao?oe??io oe?eie a?ioey noaiiaea ba 0,2
(b2w = 7,5 ii, a = 43ii). Ia?aaeaoi/ia /enei ia?aaea/? noaiiaeei u = 1,8
( z1 = 30, z2 = 54). Aaee ia?aaea/? aeaioiaeyeeny oiieeie oa aeiaaeie
o ii??aiyii? c i?iaiiii i?ae iii?aie. Eieana ia aaeao cae??iethaaeeny ca
aeiiiiiaith ooeoo?a, a noaiaea?oi? i?aeoeiieee iii? – ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoyao, aaee/eia yeiai ia aecia/aeany. Ia aeoeai? iiaa?oi? eiioaeoo
coaoe?a iaiineany oiieee oa? oa?ae, yeee noe?aany o i?ioean? ?iaioe
ia?aaea/?, oi?ioth/e ieyio eiioaeoo coaoe?a. O aeiaaeeo iaie?aiiy ia
noaiaea?oi? iii?e aoei aeyaeaii oi?ioaaiiy ieyie eiioaeoo ia aeoeaieo
iiaa?oiyo coaoe?a eieana oa oano??i? caeaa?eueoiai c i?ioeeaaeii?
noi?iie i?aeaiaeo iiooaeiino?, i?e/iio o 21% coaoe?a eieana aiia ia
iioe?thaaeanue ia anth oe?eio a?ioey. Oea iiynith?oueny ia?aaaaeiei
aieeaii iaoi/iino? iiioaaeo oa aeaioiaeaiiy aeaiaio?a ia?aaea/?, a ia
aeaoi?iaoe?yie e?o/aiiy. I?ney eiiieaeoaoe?? neeaaeaeueii? iaeeieoe?
ao?aeiiai aaea ia?aaea/? i?oaeiith a?a?i?cieyoe?eiith iii?ith, ui
iaea?eueo a?aeaeaeaia a?ae noi?iie i?aeaiaeo, aoei aeyaeaii iioe?aiiy
ieyie eiioaeoo ia anth oe?eio aeoeaii? iiaa?oi? on?o coaoe?a eieana.
Aeine?aee iieacaee aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy a?a?i?cieyoe?eieo iii?
ei/aiiy ci?iii? aei?noeino? c iaoith iie?ioaiiy oiia ?iaioe coa/aoiai
ca/aieaiiy.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE OA AENIIAEE

1. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe coa/aoiai
ca/aieaiiy oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/ ca ?aooiie caaacia/aiiy iiaiioe
eiioaeoo aeoeaieo iiaa?oiiue coaoe?a oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a
?ic?aooieo aae?a ia aei?noe?noue ? eieeaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi noi?niino?
aeaoi?iaoe?e, i?ieeaino? iiaeaoeeainoae ca/aieaiiy oa iii? ei/aiiy,
iniaeeainoae ?iciiae?eo oa iai?aaeaiino? ?iai/eo iaaaioaaeaiue, a
oaeiae oeyoii ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeiai?o iiaeaoeeainoae iii?ieo aoce?a.

2. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo noi?nieo aeaoi?iaoe?e caeio, ?icoyao
(noeneo) ? cnoao aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo coa/aoeo ia?aaea/ c o?aooaaiiyi
ia??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo iaaaioaaeaiue ii oe?ei? coa/aoiai a?ioey,
iaoiiaeaiiai iiaeaoeea?noth coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy oa aeaoi?iaoe?yie
e?o/aiiy nenoaie, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaoe oi/i?noue ia?aaea/?
a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? oa aecia/aoe iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iii?e.

3. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao i?inoi?iaiai ?ici?uaiiy
aae?a o i?eaiae?, noi?iie i?aeaiaeo oa a?aeaiaeo iiooaeiino?, niiniao
cae??ieaiiy i?aeoeiiee?a ? aeaoaeae, ?ici?uaieo ia ae?eueieoe? i?ae
iii?aie oa ia eiinie? aaea, ia aeaoi?iiaaiee noai aaeii?iaiaeo ae?iaeai?
?aoe?iiaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei eiiiiioaaiiy aeaiaio?a i?eaiae?a. Ca ?aooiie
caaacia/aiiy aaeaeiai eiiiiioaaiiy i?ea?aeii? nenoaie aeinyaa?oueny
ciaioaiiy iaeneiaeueieo iiia?a/ieo ia?ai?uaiue aae?a ia 20…..30% ?
ia?aein?a eie?n o 2…3 ?ace.

4. Aiae?c aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio aaea c iaie?aiiyi ia i?ii?aeio i?oaeio
iii?o ci?iii? aei?noeino? iieacaa, ui ca ?aooiie canoinoaaiiy
aeiaeaoeiai? iii?e iiaeia ciaioeoe iaeneiaeueio no??eeo i?iaeio aaea
iaeaea o 5 ?ac?a, a oaeiae iiieceoe noia?iee ia?ae?n eie?n oa e?eaoeue
noaiaea?oieo i?aeoeiiee?a ia?aaea/?, ui ni?ey? onoiaiith ia??aiii??iino?
?iciiae?eo iaaaioaaeaiue ii oe?ei? coa/aoiai a?ioey, ?icaaioaaeaiith o?e
ei/aiiy i?aeoeiiee?a ? aeiaaia?/iino? ia?aaea/? a oe?eiio.

5. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo /anoio ? oi?i a?eueieo iiia?a/ieo
eieeaaiue aaea c ?ici?uaiei ia eiinieuei?e /anoei? aeaiaioii o aeaeyae?
aaniethoii oaa?aeiai o?ea, ui a?oioo?oueny ia canoinoaaii? oai???
aieiii?oieo ??oaiue aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue, aea? iiaeeea?noue
aeyaeyoe, aeine?aeaeoaaoe oa onoaaoe ?aciiaini? yaeua o nenoai?
neeaaeaeueii? iaeeieoe? aaea ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy.

6. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiao?e/ieo eieeaaiue aaea, iaoiiaeaieo
ia??iaee/iith ci?iith aei?noeino? i?aeoeiiee?a ei/aiiy, aeaee
iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe aieea aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a ia aeaoi?iaoe??
aaeii?iaiaeo. Iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy
a?a?i?cieyoe?eieo iii? ei/aiiy ci?iii? aei?noeino? i?e eiino?othaaii?
iaoai?/ieo ia?aaea/ c iaoith onoiaiiy oe?aeeeaiai aieeao ia?aiao?e/iiai
caoaeaeaiiy a iii?ao aae?a.

7. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue a?a?aoe?e aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo coa/aoeo
ia?aaea/, iaoiiaeaieo iaeii/aniei ia?aiao?e/iei caoaeaeaiiyi c aieo
coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy ? i?aeoeiiee?a ei/aiiy, aeeeeeaiei ia??iaee/iith
ci?iith aei?noeino? aeacaieo aeaiaio?a i?e iino?eiiio ciai?oiueiio
iaaaioaaeaii?, io?eiaii aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey ioe?iee aieeao
eieeaaeueieo yaeu ia oa?aeoa? aeaoi?iaoe?e aaea ? iaaaioaaeaiiy eiai
iii?, a oaeiae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aei?noe?nieo ia?aiao??a
aaea oa ca/aieaiiy.

8. Canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo eiino?oeoe?e i?oaeieo iii? ci?iii?
aei?noeino? (a. n. ? 1749566, ? 1754947 oa ? 1815439) aeey iniiaieo ?
i?ii?aeieo iii? aaea caaacia/o? nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe
ca/aieaiiy coa/aoeo ia?aaea/ ca ?aooiie iie?ioaiiy oiia aca?iiae??
coaoe?a, ciaioaiiy a?aeoeeaiue i?aeinueiai? a?aeaeae? ? noia?iiai
ia?aeino eie?n, a oaeiae ?icaaioaaeaiiy iniiaieo iii?. Iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo ?aae?aeueii? aei?noeino? aeaiaio?a i?oaeieo iii?, iiaoaeiaaia
ia iniia? oai??? aeaoi?iaoe?? e?eaie?i?eieo noa?aei?a, aea? iiaeeea?noue
cae?enithaaoe ?aoe?iiaeueia eiino?othaaiiy iii?ieo aoce?a ?aaeoeoi??a.

9. Aeia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe oeee?iae?e/ii? coa/aoi?
ia?aaea/? i?iaaaeai? a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao, i?aeoaa?aeeee oai?aoe/i?
aeniiaee oa aoaeoeai?noue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei iie?ioaiiy oiia
aca?iiae?? coaoe?a. Ca ?aooiie canoinoaaiiy o neeaaeaeuei?e iaeeieoe?
aaea i?aeoeiiee?a ??cieo oei?a, na??e oa oi/iino?, a oaeiae iii? ci?iii?
aei?noeino? iiaeia caaacia/eoe nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy iano/i? caeaoiino?
coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy, a oaeiae ?aoe?iiaeuei? cia/aiiy ?ano?no aoce?a
ia?aaea/?.

10. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeaoi?iiaaiiai
noaio aae?a, iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aei?noe?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee iii?
ci?iii? aei?noeino?, a oaeiae eiino?oeoe?e iii?ieo aoce?a ia
i?aei?e?inoa? AAO “Euea?a-aa?ii?iii?iaeo” aeaei iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe
?ano?n aeaiaio?a aaeii?iaiaea i?ea?aeiiai iaoai?cio ei?oiieaeiia/a AEE –
1 aei 10% ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy ??aiy a?a?aoe?e oa ciaioaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiue iii?ieo aoce?a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue
canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaiee o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Iaca?/oe N. I. Iiia?a/i? ia?ai?uaiiy aaea i?yiicoai? oeee?iae?e/ii?
ia?aaea/?. //A?niee AeO “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. Aeeiai?ea, i?oei?noue
oa eiino?othaaiiy iaoei ? i?eeaae?a. – Euea?a, 1998. – ?354. – n. 35 —
38.

2. Iaca?/oe N. I. Aieea aeaoi?iaoe?? aaea i?yiicoai? oeee?iae?e/ii?
ia?aaea/? ia iaaaioaaeai?noue coaoe?a eie?n oa i?aeoeiiee?a.
//Iaoeiiciaanoai. – Euea?a, 1997. – ?4-6. – n. 44 — 50.

3. Iaca?/oe N. I. Aieea “o?anoth/iai” eiioaeoo a coa/aoiio ca/aieaii? ia
aeaoi?iaoe?th aaea. //A?niee AeO “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. Aeeiai?ea,
i?oei?noue oa eiino?othaaiiy iaoei ? i?eeaae?a. – Euea?a, 1996. – ?311.
– n. 54 — 56.

4. Iaca?/oe N. I. Eieaaaiey aaeia iaeiinooiai/aoiai oeeeeiae?e/aneiai
?aaeoeoi?a. //Aanoi. Eueaia. iieeoaoi. ei-oa. Aeeiaie/aneay i?i/iinoue
iaoei e i?eai?ia. – Eueaia, 1988. – ?220. – n. 76 — 77.

5. Iaca?/oe N. I. Ii?aaeaeaiea aeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee iiia?a/io
eieaaaiee aaea ia?aiaiiiai na/aiey n iannaie ia eiioeao. //Aanoi.
Eueaia. iieeoaoi. ei-oa. Aeeiaie/aneay i?i/iinoue iaoei e i?eai?ia. –
Eueaia, 1987. – ?210. – n. 81- 83.

6. Iaca?/oe N. I. Aeeiaieea iaa?oaeaiey nooiai/aoiai aaea. //Aanoi.
Eueaia. iieeoaoi. ei-oa. Aeeiaie/aneay i?i/iinoue iaoei e i?eai?ia. –
Eueaia, 1986. – ?200. – n. 86 — 89.

7. A. n. 1815439 NNN?, IEE F16 N 27/04. Aea?ieciee?othuee iiaeoeiiee
ea/aiey. /N. I. Iaca?/oe, N. A. Eaeeiei, A. O. Iaeeua (NNN?). –
?479812/27; Cayaeaii 02.03.1990; iioae. 15.05.93. Athe. ?18. – 3 n.

8. A. n. 1754947 NNN?, IEE F 16 N 19/54. Aeaooy?onie oa?eeiiiaeoeiiee.
/N. I. Iaca?/oe (NNN?). – ?4881423/27; Cayaeaii 11.11.1990;
iioae.15.08.92. Athe. ?30. – 3 n.

9. A. n. 1749566 NNN?, IEE F 16 N 27/04. Oi?oaay iiaeoeiieeiaay iii?a.
/C. I. Iaca?/oe (NNN?). – ?4829472/27; cayaeaii 28.05.1990; iioae.
23.07.92. Athe. ?27. – 5 n.

10. Iaca?/oe N. I., Iaeauaiei A. I., Iia?oeueeee ss. I. Aeaoi?iaoe?y
aaea aenieiiai?oaeaii? coa/aoi? ia?aaea/?. //I?eeeaaei? i?iaeaie
aeeiai?ee, i?oeiino? oa eiino?othaaiiy iaoei oa i?eeaae?a.: AeO
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” – Euea?a, 1995. – Oe?. – Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie
19. 09. 1995. ?2094 – Oe. – 95. – n. 47 — 57.

11. Naiaiaeia e?ooeeueia eieaaaiey eiie/aneiai aaea n iannaie ia
eiioeao. //Iaca?/oe N. I.; Eueaia. iieeoaoi. ei-o. – Eueaia, 1986. – 8
n. – ?on. – Aeai. a Oe?IEEIOE 08.01.86, ?197 – Oe. 86.

12. Iaca?/oe N. I. Aieea aeaiaio?a i?eaiaeo ia aeaoi?iaoe?? ia?aeiiiai
aaea i?yiicoai? oeee?iae?e/ii? ia?aaea/?. /Oace aeii. 4–ai
I?aeia?iaeiiai aeiiic?oio ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a o Eueaia?. O?aaaiue 1999
?. – n. 89.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iaca?/oe N. I. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe coa/aoiai ca/aieaiiy
oeyoii ci?ie aei?noeino? iii? aae?a oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.02.02 – iaoeiiciaanoai.– Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, Euea?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe coa/aoiai
ca/aieaiiy oeee?iae?e/ieo ia?aaea/ ca ?aooiie caaacia/aiiy iiaiioe
eiioaeoo aeoeaieo iiaa?oiiue coaoe?a oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a
?ic?aooieo aae?a ia aei?noe?noue oa eieeaaiiy, a oaeiae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeai?o iiaeaoeeaino? iii?ieo aoce?a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oa
io?eiaii aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?, ui aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aiae?coaaoe
aeaoi?iiaaiee noai aae?a coa/aoeo ia?aaea/, ioe?ithaaoe oi/i?noue
iaaaioaaeaii? ia?aaea/? a i?ioean? ?iaioe, cae?enithaaoe ?aoe?iiaeueiee
aea?? aei?noe?nieo ia?aiao??a aeaiaio?a neeaaeaeueii? iaeeieoe? aaea,
onoaaoe ?aciiaini? ?aaeeie ?iaioe oa i?iaiaeeoe i?i?i?caoe?th aiie?ooae
aeiooaieo eieeaaiue aeaiaio?a ia?aaea/?. Iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue
canoinoaaiiy i?ii?aeieo iii? aae?a aeey ciaioaiiy ?iciaoo a?aeoeeaiue
i?aeinueiai? a?aeaeae? ? noia?iiai ia?aeino eie?n. Iaaiaeyoueny
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?ic?aooieo oa eiino?othaaiiy aeaiaio?a
coa/aoeo ia?aaea/ ?aaeoeoi??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: coa/aoa ia?aaea/a, ca/aieaiiy, ieyia eiioaeoo, iii?a
ei/aiiy, aeaoi?iaoe?y aaea, aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe.

ANNOTATION

Nazarchyk S. A raising effectiveness of the activity toothed gearing by
means change of shaft’s supports stiffness of cylindrical gear train. –
The manuscript.

Candidate of technical sciences thesis in speciality 05.02.02 –
iechanical engineering. – State university “Lviv politechnic”, Lviv,
1999.

The thesis is devoted to a problem of a raise effectiveness of activity
toothed system of cylindrical gear train by means security of completes
tooth-contact pattern. It’s reaching by improvement of methods of
calculations static and dynamic deformations of shafts and improvement
of select support’s elasticity.

The mathematical models are created and analytical solutions are
received enable to analyse of deformations gearing shafts and gear’s
accuracy during of activity. It is for improvement of select rigidity of
elements shaft’s unit, to avoid resonance of activity’s regime and to
provide minimisation of amplitudes forced oscillations of gear elements.

The fitness for application gap support for shaft is well-founded to
sink scatter deviation of centre distance and angularity gear wheels of
train. The advice of calculation and design of reducer’s elements are
given.

Key words: the gear train, the toothed gearing, the tooth-contact
pattern, the rolling-element’s support, the deformation of shaft, the
effectiveness of activity.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaca?/oe N. I. Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou coa/aoiai caoeaieaiey
iooai eciaiaiey aeanoeinoe iii? aaeia oeeeeiae?e/aneeo ia?aaea/. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.02.02 – iaoeiiaaaeaiea. – Ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao “Euea?nueea iie?oaoi?ea”, Eueaia, 1999.

Oeaeue aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou ninoieo a iiauoaiee yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou
coa/aoiai caoeaieaiey oeeeeiae?e/aneeo ia?aaea/ ca n/?o iaania/aiey
iieiiou eiioaeoa aeoeaiuo iiaa?oiinoae coaueaa. Aeinoeaeaiea oeaee
inouanoaeyaony ioo?i oniaa?oainoaiaaiey iaoiaeia ?an/?oa aaeia ia?aaea/
ia aeanoeinoue e eieaaaiey, a oaeaea ioo?i ?aoeeiiaeueiiai auai?a
iiaeaoeeainoe iii?iuo oceia.

A nayce n yoei iaeaeai nenoaiiue iiaeoiae a ioeaiea aeeyiey aeanoeinoiuo
e iaa?oci/iuo ia?aiao?ia yeaiaioia nai?i/iie aaeeieoeu aaea ia oi/iinoue
ia?aaea/e ai a?aiy yenieoaoaoeee. Yoi iio?aaiaaei ?aoaiey neaaeothueo
caaea/: enneaaeiaaiey niaieoiiiai aeeyiey e?o/aiey, ecaeaa, naeaeaa e
naeaoey-?anoyaeaiey ia iiia?a/iua ia?aiauaiey o/anoeia nooiai/aoiai aaea
n o/?oii ia?aaiiia?iiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey e iai?aaeaiinoe aiaoieo ?aai/eo
iaa?ocie; eco/aiey aeeyiey ia aeaoi?iaoeaiia ninoiyiea aaea aai
i?ino?ainoaaiiiai ?aciauaiey a i?eaiaea, a oaeaea ia?aiao?ia ?aciau?iiuo
ia aaeo aeaoaeae; ii?aaeaeaiey ?aoeeiiaeueiiai niioiioaiey aeanoeinoae
yeaiaioia nai?i/iie aaeeieoeu aaea e nee acaeiiaeaenoaey iaaeaeo ieie;
ii?aaeaeaiey /anoio e oi?i iiia?a/iuo eieaaaiee aaea e aeeiaie/aneiai
iaa?oaeaiey iii? aaeia n o/?oii ia?eiaee/aneiai eciaiaiey aeanoeinoe
coa/aoiai caoeaieaiey e iii? ea/aiey, a oaeaea enneaaeiaaiey
aiciiaeiinoe i?eiaiaiey aua?iecieyoeiiiuo iii? aeey aaeia
oeeeeiae?e/aneeo ia?aaea/.

Aeenna?oaoeey ninoieo ec nienea i?eiyouo iaicia/aiee, aaaaeaiey, iyoe
?acaeaeia, auaiaeia, nienea eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u, a oaeaea naie
i?eeiaeaiee a aeaea ioaeaeueiie eieae. Ia?aue ?acaeae iinayu?i aiaeeco
i?eaaaeaiiuo a eeoa?aoo?a ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee a iai?aaeaiee
iiauoaiey ianouae niiniaiinoe e aeieaiaa/iinoe yeaiaioia
oeeeeiae?e/aneeo coa/aouo ia?aaea/. Auaeaeaiu oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia
yooaeoeaiinoue ?aaiou coa/aoiai caoeaieaiey, n?aaee eioi?uo ioia/aii
aeaoi?iaoeee yeaiaioia nai?i/iie aaeeieoeu aaea, ia?eiaee/aneia
eciaiaiea aeanoeinoe caoeaieaiey e iii? ea/aiey, a oaeaea ?ani?aaeaeaiea
?aai/eo iaa?ocie yeaiaioia. Ii?aaeaeaiu caaea/e enneaaeiaaiee. Ai aoi?ii
?acaeaea ?ac?aaaouaathony iaoiaeeee e no?iyony aeai?eoiu noaoe/aneiai
?an/?oa nooiai/aouo aaeia oeeeeiae?e/aneeo ia?aaea/ ia iiia?a/ioth
aeanoeinoue n o/?oii ?aciiiai?aaeaiinoe aeaoi?iaoeee, iiaeaoeeainoae
iii? ea/aiey, iniaaiiinoae ?ani?aaeaeaiey e i?eeiaeaiey aiaoieo nee.
?anniao?eaaaony aeeyiea i?ino?ainoaaiiiai ?aniieiaeaiey aaeia a
?aaeoeoi?a ia eo aeaoi?ie?iaaiiia ninoiyiea. Iainiiauaathony oece/aneea
e iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee aaeia oeeeeiae?e/aneeo ia?aaea/ ?aaeoeoi?ia
?acee/iiai eiino?oeoeaiiai eniieiaiey. I?eaiaeyony ?an/?oiua caaeneiinoe
aeey ioeaiee iiia?a/iuo aeaoi?iaoeee aaea. A o?aoueai ?acaeaea
oai?aoe/anee enneaaeothony iiia?a/iua ia?aiao?e/aneea eieaaaiey aaea
oeeeeiae?e/aneie ia?aaea/e. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee aeeyiey
ia?aiaiiuo aeanoeinoae coa/aoiai caoeaieaiey e iii? ea/aiey ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee auioaeaeaiiuo eieaaaiee aaea e iaa?oaeaiea iii?.
*aoa??oue ?acaeae niaea?aeeo iienaiea eiino?oeoeee, ?an/?oiuo noai,
oece/aneeo e iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey oi?oaeo
iii?, caueu?iiuo a.n. ?? 17495, 1754947 e 1815439. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeeee
?an/?oa ?aaeeaeueiie aeanoeinoe iii? e i?aaeeaaathony ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
eo eniieueciaaieth a iaoeiino?iaiee. A iyoii ?acaeaea iienuaaaony
iaoiaeeea yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee ?aaiou ia?aaea/e, i?eaiaeyony
ia?aiao?u onoaiiaee, eceaaaaony oiae i?iaaaeaiey yenia?eiaioa, a oaeaea
aiaeece?othony iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou.

I?iaaaeaiu oai?aoe/aneea e ynia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey ii iiauoaieth
yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou coa/aoiai caoeaieaiey ca n/?o iaania/aiey iieiiou
eiioaeoa aeoeaiuo iiaa?oiinoae coaueaa ioo?i oniaa?oainoaiaaiey iaoiaeia
?an/?oa aaeia ia?aaea/ ia aeanoeinoue e eieaaaiey, a oaeaea
?aoeeiiaeueiiai auai?a iiaeaoeeainoae iii?iuo oceia.

?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/?oa niaianoiie aeaoi?iaoeee ecaeaa,
?anoyaeaiey-naeaoey e naeaeaa aaeia oeeeeiae?e/aneeo coa/aouo ia?aaea/ n
o/?oii ia?aaiiia?iinoe ?ani?aaeaeaiey iaa?ocee ii oe?eia coa/aoiai
aaioea, iaoneiaeaiiie iiaeaoeeainoueth coa/aoiai caoeaieaiey e
aeaoi?iaoeeyie e?o/aiey nenoaiu aaea.

Ia iniiaaiee oai?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee aeeyiey i?ino?ainoaaiiiai
?aciauaiey aaeia a ?aaeoeoi?a e ?aaeoeoi?a a i?eaiaea, niiniaa
cae?aieaiey iiaeoeiieeia a iii?ao e aeaoaeae ia aaeo ia yooaeoeaiinoue
?aaiou ia?aaea/e, ii?aaeaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua iiaeoiaeu e
eiino?oe?iaaieth i?eaiaeia.

Iainiiaaii i?eiaiaiea i?iiaaeooi/iie iii?u aaea n ia?aiaiiie
aeanoeinoueth. Yoi iicaieyao oiaiueoeoue iiia?a/iua ia?aiauaiey na/aiee
aaea (aei iyoe ?ac), ia?aein eie?n e eieaoe iiaeoeiieeia, nieceoue
ia?aaiiia?iinoue ?ani?aaeaeaiey iaa?ocee ii oe?eia coa/aoiai aaioea e
iiauneoue aeieaiaa/iinoue ia?aaea/e aoeaeii.

Iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea caaeneiinoe aeey ioeaiee aeeyiey eieaaaoaeueiuo
yaeaiee a nenoaia nai?i/iie aaeeieoeu aaea oeeeeiae?e/aneie coa/aoie
ia?aaea/e ia oa?aeoa? aeaoi?iaoeee aaea e iaa?oaeaiey aai iii?, a oaeaea
?aoeeiiaeueiiai niioiioaiey aeanoeiniuo ia?aiao?ia aaea e coa/aoiai
caoeaieaiey.

I?eiaiaiea i?aaeeaaaaiuo eiino?oeoeee oi?oaeo iii? ia?aiaiiie aeanoeinoe
aeey iniiaiuo e i?iiaaeooi/iuo iii? aaea iaania/eaaao nouanoaaiiia
iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou coa/aoiai caoeaieaiey ca n/?o oeo/oaiey
oneiaee acaeiiaeaenoaey coaueaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: coa/aoay ia?aaea/a, caoeaieaiea, iyoii eiioaeoa, iii?a
ea/aiey, aeaoi?iaoeey aaea, yooaeoeaiinoue ?aaiou.

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