Підвищення ефективності процесів пластичного формозмінення пористих матеріалів на основі теорії деформуємості: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / В.Т.

9

A?IIEOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE 621.777.4

?aaoeueei Aieiaeeie? O?ioeiiae/

I?AeAEUAIIss AOAEOEAIINO? I?IOeANA

IEANOE*IIAI OI?IICI?IAIIss II?ENOEO IAOA??AE?A

IA INIIA? OAI??? AeAOI?IO?IINO?

Niaoeaeueinoue 05.03.05 —

I?ioeane oa iaoeie ia?iaee oeneii

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi/ieo iaoe

Aiieoey 1998

Aeena?oaoeth ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aiieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi/iiio oiaa?neoao (AAeOO)
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ia eaoaae? iii?o iaoa?aea oa oaoiieia
iaeaeuaiiy ciininoeeino (IIOIC)

Iaoeiaee ea?aiee Iai?iaei?eia A?oae?e Aioiiiae/, aeieoi? oaoi/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?,AAeOO, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e IIOIC.

Iooeei iiiiaioe Ae??a ?a?aiioae?i Na?aaeooae?iiae/, aeieoi?
oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aeiiaanueea iaoeiiaoae?aia aeaaeai?y,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii;

Iaoae/oe A?eoi? A?eai?iae/, eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, aeioeaio, A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
?inoeooo, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? oa eiiieaenii? iaoai?caoe??
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa
Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e i?ieaoee iaoaeaaeo
ii?ioe?a, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 30 “ 11 1998 ?. I 1400 aiaeei?
ia can?aeai? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 05.052.03 o
A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 286021,
i. A?iieoey, aoe. Oiaeueieoeueea oina, 95.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? AAeOO, ca aeacaiith
aae?anith.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “29“ 11 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aea??ai I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aaaeeeaith caaea/ath iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy yaey?oueny
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aooiie i?ia?aneaieo
iaeia?aeoiaeieo oaoiieia?e, iniiaaieo ia aeei?enoaii? iia?aoe?e
ieanoe/iiai oi?iici?iaiiy.

I?e ?ica’ycaii? oe??? caaea/? aaaeeeaa i?noea caeiathoue i?ioeane
ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??. Eeane/ia noaia ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a?? ia aeicaiey?
aeaioiaeyoe aeaoae? c iaeith ii?eno?noth oa aenieeie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Iaiao?aeiith neeaaeiaith oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
aeaioiaeaiiy na?aaeiueiiaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae ?c iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a ?
i?ioeane oi?iici?iaiiy nia/aieo ii?enoeo caaioiaie. Aeey a?eueo
?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeieea?
iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee iiaeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo oaoiieia?e,
iia’ycaieo c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iioeiaeueieo oiia aeaoi?ioaaiiy, ye?
caaacia/othoue aenieo ye?noue ae?iao.

Aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ia?iaee oeneii ii?enoeo caaioiaie
aeieea? iio?aaa a noai?aii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? oi?iici?iaiiy
ii?ioeiaiai iaoa??aeo. Ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeaeae, aeei?enoiaoth/e
i?eioeeie oai??? aeaoi?io?iinoi, iiaeeeai i?iaanoe ?ic?aooiie
oa?aeoa?enoee iaoa??aeo ? eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
i?ioean?a aeaoi?ioaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia aaaeeea?noue i?iaeaie aeaoi?io?iino?
ii?ioeiaeo caaioiaie i?e ia?iaoe? oeneii noaaeoue ?? a ?yae aeooaeueieo
caaea/.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea ?aoe?iiaeueieo iaoiaeee aeey i?iaeooaaiiy
iiaeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo i?ioean?a oi?iici?iaiiy ii?ioeiaeo
nia/aieo caaioiaie ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae a?aie/iiai
noaio, a oaeiae i?iaiicoaaiiy yeino? iaea?aeaii? aeaoae? ia iniia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaoi?io?iino?. ?ic?iaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey aeai?o
?aoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioean?a
ieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee ?ica’ycaii ianooiii caaea/i:

— iaa?oioiaaii aoaeoeai?noue ? oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a
oieiaeiiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?e aeaioiaeaii? aeaoaeae, ye? i?aoeththoue a
oiiaao na?aaeiueiai iaaaioaaeaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeaiee oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??aiee e?eoa??e aeaoi?io?iino?
ii?enoeo nia/aieo caaioiaie;

— neeaaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano aeaioiaeaiiy
oeiiaeo aeaoaeae ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue,
aeei?enoiaoth/e e?eoa??e aeaoi?io?iino?, ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia?aiao?e
aeaoi?io?ii? caaioiaee;

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea, a oaeiae i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooieiai-aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai
noaio i?e inaneiao?e/iiio aeaeaaethaaii? ii?ioeiaeo caaioiaie;

— i?iaaaeaii iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo
eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioean?a aeaoi?ioaaiiy
nia/aieo ii?ioeiaeo caaioiaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe.

1. Io?eiaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy
iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ii?enoeo o?e i?e aaeeeeo ieanoe/ieo
aeaoi?iaoe?yo.

2. Aeine?aeaeai? iai?oaeaiee noai a ii/aoeia?e (ianoae?e) noaae??
inaneiao?e/iiai aeaeaaethaaiiy oa aieea ?noi??? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
i?ioeane cae?eiaoaaiiy i ieanoe/iiai ?iciooaiiy.

3. Ia iniia? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeaoi?io?iinoi ii?ioeiaeo
caaioiaie a i?ioeanao ieanoe/iiai oi?iici?iaiiy ?ic?iaeai? aoaeoeai?
i?eeiie aeey ?icoe?aiiy iiaeeeainoae i?ioean?a oieiaeiiai ooaiioaaiiy.

4. ?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a oieiaeiiai ooaiioaaiiy inaneiao?e/ieo aeaoaeae c ii?ioeiaeo
caaioiaie ia iniia? oai??? aeaoi?io?iinoi.

5. A ?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? ci?ie neeiaeo i aeaoi?iaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a, a
oaeiae i?iaiae?ciaaiee a?aie/iee noai ia?iaey?iiai iaoa??aeo.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Oai?aoe/i? i aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioean?a oieiaeiiai ooaiioaaiiy ii?ioeiaeo caaioiaie aeeiiai? ia iniia?
oai??? aeaoi?io?iinoi. Iiaeeeaino? a?aie/iiai oi?iici?iaiiy
ioe?ithaaeenue ca aeiiiiiaith oaiiiaiieia?/ieo e?eoa???a ?oeioaaiiy
ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a. Iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai aeine?aeaeaii
oaeineiiaeaiei aeey ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a iaoiaeii a?c?iieanoe/iino?.
A?aei?aoethaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oa aeaioiaeaiiy aeineiaeieo
ia?oie aeaoaeae i?iaiaeeeinue a caaiaenueeeo oiiaao.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. Neeaaeaii oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeai? a aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo oiiaao
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?iaeooaaiith oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ooaiioaaiiy
inaneiao?e/ieo aeaoaeae c ii?ioeiaeo caaioiaie. Aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo
a ?iaio? ?acoeueoao?a aeicaiey? ?ic?aoiaoaaoe i iioei?coaaoe
oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e i?ioean?a oi?iici?iaiiy, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue
nei?ioeoe aeo?aoe ia i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o. ?ic?iaeaiee
iaeia?aeoiaeiee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean aeaioiaeaiiy iecueeiii?enoeo
caaioiaie coa/aoeo eie?n.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue i iaaiai?thaaeenue: ia nai?ia?? «Oeyoe
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaoeiiaoae?aiiai ae?iaieoeoaa» (i. A?iieoey,
1988?.); ia ?ani. eiioa?aioe?? «Oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo» (i. A?iieoey, 1990 ?.); ia ?ani. nai?ia??
«O?ceea i iaoai?ea ieanoe/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?e ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a” i.
Eoaainuee, 1991 ?.); ia ?ani. eiioa?aioe?? “Oai?aoe/i? i i?eeeaaei?
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo iaoeii?noeeo i iaeia?aeoiaeieo oaoiieia?e IIAe» (i.
A?iieoey, 1991a.); ia i?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? “?aieia?/i? iiaeae? oa
i?ioeane aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoeo ? eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a” (i.Eooeuee,
1997?.); ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e IO eiioa?aioe?? “Ia?niaeoeai? oaoiieia?? oa
iaeaaeiaiiy ia?iaee oeneii a iaoaeo?a?? oa iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?” (i.
E?aiaoi?nuee, 1998?.); ia iaeanieo IO eiioa?aioe?yo a 1981- 1998 ?ieao
(i. A?iieoey).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii ?acoeueoaoai aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 13 ae?oeiaaieo
?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 132 aeaea?ae, i?noeoue 147
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 28 ?enoieaie.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aeeaieo iiaeyeo e.o.i., aeioeaioo Neaaeo ?.I.
aeiiiiiaa yeiai ni?eyea aeeiiaiith aeaii? ?iaioe.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ?ice?eoi nooi?noue ? noai i?iaeaie ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??
ii?ioeiaeo caaioiaie; iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe; iaaaaeai?
a?aeiiino? i?i iaoeiao iiaecio, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue ?iaioe; aeeeaaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno; noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo i?ioean?a
aeaioiaeaiiy aeaoaeae c ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a, i?iaaaeaii aiae?c
niinia?a aeaioiaeaiiy iaeiii?enoeo aeaoaeae ?c caaeaieie iaoai?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie. A ?acoeueoao? aecia/ai? oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? oa i?iaeaie
?icaeoeo i?ioean?a oieiaeiiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoeo caaioiaie.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeacaieo i?ioean?a iaiao?aei? iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaai? ?ic?aooiee aeaoi?io?iino?. Aaaeeeaee aianie a ?icaeoie
oai??? aeaoi?io?iino? aeey ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a c?iaeee
ss.?.Aaeaaeueceia?, A.I.Ai?ioia, A.E. A?eai?’?a, A.ss.Aoi, A.Ae.Aeaeue,
A.I.Aeieo???a, ?.A.Aei?ioeaae/, A.A.Ae?oyiia, ?.A.Caiia?ueia,
TH.A.Eaei?i, A.N.Eiaaeue/aiei, A.E.Eieiiai?ia, I.I.Eaio?a, TH.I.Eia?iia,
?.O.Ia?oeiiaa, A.C.I?aeoeia, A.I.Ieoaeaae/, A.A.Iioe/, A.A.Ia/eii?eia,
A.A. Iai?iaei?eia, A.E. Iao?inyi, A.Ae.?oaeue, A.I.Na?aethe,
A.A.Nei?ioiae, TH.E. O?e?iia, I.I. Oanoaeia, I.A. Ooa?i, ?.Aeae. A??i,
I. Iyia oa ?io?.

Aei /enea iniiaieo i?iaeai ?ic?iaee i?ioean?a aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoeo
caaioiaie iaeaaeeoue ioe?iea e?iaiaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a aeaoi?iaoe?? i?e
??cieo aeaeao iai?oaeaiiai noaio ? ??cieo a?aie/ieo oiiaao, ye?
aecia/athoue iiaeeeaino? oi?iici?iaiiy iaoa??aeo. Aeey ioe?iee
a?aie/iiai noaio iaoa??aeo aeei?enoiaothoue aeiii?aoeueiaai? e?eoa???
aeaoi?io?iino? eiiiaeoieo iaoa??ae?a, ye? iaaeeaeaii a?aoiaothoue
ii/aoeiao ii?eno?noue. Aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aeei?enoiaothoueny
i?aeoe/ii an? iaoiaee, ye? iathoue i?noea a eeane/i?e oai??? ia?iaee
iaoae?a oeneii ?c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae iiaaae?iee ii?enoeo o?e.

I?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?e ia?aaaaeii aaaeaoueny ia iniia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
caaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o aai i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo. Oea ia caaaeaee
i?eaiaeeoue aei ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeai?o oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a oa /anoi
aeiaaa? cia/ieo iaoa??aeueieo cao?ao aeey onoiaiiy iioeaie
i?iaeooaaiiy.

?c a?aooaaiiyi caaaeueieo oaiaeaioe?e ? i?iaeai ?icaeoeo oieiaeiiai
aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoeo caaioiaie, a oaeiae iaoe aeaii? ?iaioe, aecia/ai?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee oai?aoe/iei ? aenia?eiaioaeueiei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeaoi?io?iino? ? iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio
ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a. A aeai?e ?iaio? iaea?aeaa iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie
aenia?eiaioaeueii-?ic?aooieiaee iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaoi?io?iino?
ii?enoiai o?ea a noaoe?iia?ieo ? ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioeanao
oi?iici?iaiiy. I?e oeueiio aeieea? ?yae i?iaeai, iaoiiaeaieo oei, ui
eiiiiiaioe oaici?a iai?oaeaiue aecia/ai? ii aenia?eiaioaeueii
iaea?aeaieo e?iaiaoe/ieo ? iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoeeao oa a aaaaoueio
aeiaaeeao ia caaeiaieueiythoue ??aiyiiyi ??aiiaaae. Oea aeeeeeaii oei,
ui aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ? ?o ai?ieneiaoe?y ia iiaeooue aooe
aaniethoii oi/ieie. E??i oiai, iioeaee iaeiie/othoueny i?e /enaeueiiio
aeeoa?aioe?thaaii? oa ?ioaa?oaaii?, a o?ce/i? ??aiyiiy ia cian?i iiaii
iienothoue ea?oeio ieanoe/iiai oi?iici?iaiiy ii?enoeo o?e. Iaaeeaeaiith
yaey?oueny ? a?iioaca i?i ?aeeio e?eao ieeiiino?.

Oiio iaie aeei?enoaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iai?oaeaii-
aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ii?enoeo o?e, yea aeicaiey? oioiaeii caaeia?eueieoe
??aiyiiyi ??aiiaaae a eiaei?e oi/oe? iaeano?.

Iaoiaeeea iniiaaia ia iiaoaeia? noaoe/ii iiaeeeaeo iieae iai?oaeaiue:

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aea wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A ???&??yyyy?????Ay?y`j ???&? ?MathType??p????uAthg?????
wmetafile8? ??o????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????Ay?y@j ???&? ?MathType??p????uAthg?????
Eiao?oe??ioe Nk ciaoiaeeii c oiiae, aecia/aieo c ??aiyiiy, ?
wmetafile8? ??*????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `
???&??yyyy?????AyAya  ???&? ?MathType??p????u?th??????
Aenia?eiaioaeueio ?ioi?iaoe?th, iaiao?aeio aeey aecia/aiiy iiey
ia?ai?uaiue, iaea?aeaee iaoiaeii iiae?eueieo n?oie. I?e ia?iaoe?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiae R-ooieoe?e, yeee
aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe aaiiao?e/io ?ioi?iaoe?th ia aiae?oe/iiio ??ai? oa
aoaeoaaoe /eneaii? io/ee ooieoe?e, ye? oi/ii caaeia?eueiythoue caaeaiei
e?aeiaei oiiaai ? i?noyoue oi/ia ??oaiiy aai aeinoia??ia eiai
iaaeeaeaiiy. Iaoiae R-ooieoe?e iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue ye aeey
noaoe?iia?ieo, oae ? aeey ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a. A?i aeicaiey?
iaea?aeoaaoe ??oaiiy e?aeiaeo caaea/ a aeae? oae caaieo no?oeoo?ieo
oi?ioe.

Noai?aia i?ia?aia ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo a ?aieao nenoaie «Iiea OAeO».
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? aecia/aoe ia?aiao?e aeaoi?io?iino?
i?ioeano ieanoe/iiai oi?iici?iaiiy a oiiaao inaneiao?e/ii? aai ieinei?
aeaoi?iaoe??, a oaeiae aeae?aoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a aeaoi?ioaaiiy.

Neeaaeai? i?ia?aie ? aeineoue aoaeoeaieie aeey ?ic?aooieo ia AII
aeaoi?io?iino? ? iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
oaeaee?noth ?ic?aooie?a oa oi?ioei ni?aiaaeaiiyi ?ic?aooieiaeo
?acoeueoao?a c aenia?eiaioaeueieie.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaii iaoiaeeeo oa ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeaoi?io?iino? ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a i?e
i?yiiio aeaeaaethaaii?. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaee a aecia/aii?
caeiiii??iinoae IAeN oa aeyaeaii? ia ?o iniia? cii a?aie/ieo ieanoe/ieo
aeaoi?iaoe?e, a oaeiae ioe?iee i??e aeaoi?io?iino? ii?enoeo caaioiaie.

?ic?iaeaio iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy IAeN aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey
?ic?aooieo iiey iai?oaeaiue a ii/aoeia?e (ianoae?e) noaae??
inaneiao?e/iiai aeaeaaethaaiiy ii?enoi? caaioiaee.

Iieacaii, ui ia oe?e noaae?? aeieeathoue iaeano? iaoa??aea, aea ia?
i?noea anaa?/iee ?icoya. C ?inoii noaiai? aeaoi?iaoe?? oe? ciie
ci?uothoueny aei ia?eoa???, ? a ieo ca?iaeaeothoueny iae?io??ueie.
A?eueoa /anoeia ieanoe/ii? ciie ciaoiaeeoueny a oiiaao onanoi?iiiueiai
noeneo, yeee iaiaeiicia/ii aieeaa? ia i?ioeane ieanoe/iiai ?iciooaiiy.

?iciiae?e iaeiie/aii? aeaoi?iaoe?? iaoa??aeo iniiae iaei caeaaeeoue
a?ae ii/aoeiai? ii?enoino?. Ia aeoiae? c iaeano? oi?iici?iaiiy
iaeiie/aia aeaoi?iaoe?y i?i?iaeueia ia in? ? iaeneiaeueia ia eiioo??.

Inueia? iai?oaeaiiy z a a?eueo?e /anoei? noeneoth/?, aea ia aeoiae? c
eii?/ii? /anoeie iao?eoe? ia in? ? ia eiioo?? c’yaeythoueny iaaaeee?
?icoyaoth/? iai?oaeaiiy. Ii?iaeuei? iai?oaeaiiy r oa ? noeneoth/eie ii
anueiio ia’?io, a aeioe/i? i?iythoue ciae ia aeoiae? c eii?/ii? /anoeie
iao?eoe?.

I?e ia?iaoe? oeneii iniiaia caaea/a iieyaa? a i?iaiicoaaii? iiiaioo
ii?ooaiiy nooe?eueiino? i?e ?aae?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e.
Aecia/aii, ui aeaoi?io?i?noue ii?enoiai iaoa??aeo caeaaeeoue a?ae
iai?oaeaiiai noaio, ?noi??? aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? eiai aioo??oiueiai noaio.

Aeey ioe?iee a?aie/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ? aeei?enoaiiai ?ano?no
ieanoe/iino? aeei?enoiaothoue ?ic?iaeai? A.Ae. Aeaeai, TH.A. Eaei?iei,
A.E. Eieiiai?iaei, I.I. Eaio?aei, A.I. Ieoaeaae/ai, A.A. Iai?iaei?eiaei
oaiiiaiieia?/i? e?eoa??? aeaoi?io?iino? aeey eiiiaeoieo iaoa??ae?a.
Iniaeea?noth aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoiai iaoa??aeo ? iacai?ioi?noue ia’?iii?
aeaoi?iaoe??, yea, ia a?aei?io a?ae aeaoi?iaoe?? eiiiaeoiiai iaoa??aeo,
aiineoue nooo?aee aeeaae a aaee/eio ieoiii? ?iaioe aeaoi?iaoe??.
Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, ia iniia? ?icaeyiooeo e?eoa???a aeaoi?io?iino? iaie
cai?iiiiiaaiee aia?aaoe/iee i?aeo?ae c a?aooaaiiyi ?noi???
aeaoi?ioaaiiy:

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? E?eoa??e aeaoi?io?iino? aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaoi?io?iino? ii?enoiai o?ea i?e aeaeaaethaaii? /a?ac eii?/io
iao?eoeth. Aeine?aeaeoaaee o?eueee ii/aoeiao (ianoaeo) noaae?th. Aeey
oeueiai oeee?iae?e/iee c?acie ae?aiao?ii 20 ii oa c ii/aoeiaith
ii?eno?noth I = 0,23 ?ic??caee ia aea? iieiaeiee; ia ia?aae?aeueiee
ia?a??c iaeii? c ieo iaianee i?yiieooio n?oeo c e?ieii 1 ii ?
aeaeaaethaaee c iaoeniaiiyi 20% oa eooii eiiona iao?eoe? 1200 ca o?e
aoaie. I?ney eiaeiiai aoaio caaioiaeo aeeiaee c iao?eoe? ? aei??thaaee
eii?aeeiaoe aoce?a iiae?eueii? n?oee. Iio?i ?ic?aoiaoaaee IAeN ii
iaoiaeeoe?, ?ic?iaeai?e a ae?oaiio ?icae?e?.

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???$?X?5Z?9:Z?6???:[????<]????:]????-????-???? 8]????-????-????<`? ???$?_?;a?>d??b?<????b????Fg? ???$?f?Ei?Hl?Ii?F???Ij????On? ???$?m?Nn?Oq?Pp?O???Po????No????-????-????Lo??? ?-????-? ???$?n?Kp?Ms?Nq?L???Nq????Uv? ???$?u?Tw?Wz?Xx?U???Xx????_? ???$?|?^~?a ?en. 1. Ae?aa?aia ieanoe/iino? oa oeyoe aeaoi?ioaaiiy: 1 - ia in? ; 2 - a oi/eao ia eiioo??. Iaeiie/aio aeaoi?iaoe?th iaoa??aea iniiae ia eiaeiiio aoai? aecia/aee ii oi?ioe?: wmetafile8? ??a??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a ???&??yyyy?????Ay°y`aea wmetafile8? ??w??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A ???&??yyyy?????AyFyac ???&? ?MathType???????uaeya????? Iieaciee iai?oaeaiiai noaio aecia/aee ii oi?ioe?: wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A@???&??yyyy?????Ayµy?u ???&? ?MathType??????u????????????-?????iµ???Mae???u?? ??????????-????Uae???*-???-?????*5???S?“???S? “???S?q???uaeya????? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a ?iciiae?eo A0 ? 0 ii ia?a??co caaioiaee aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey aecia/aiiy iaaacia/ii?, c oi/ee ci?o ?oeioaaiiy, ciie caaioiaee. sse iieacaee ?ic?aooiee, oaeeie yaeythoueny oi/ee ia eiioo?? caaioiaee. A?aie/io e?eao a eii?aeeiaoao Ai?-i iaea?aeaee ia iniia? aei?iaiaoaaiiy ia ?icoya, e?o/aiiy, noene c?ace?a c iaoa??aeo caaioiaee i ai?ieneioaaee caeaaei?noth: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @ ???&??yyyy?????Ay?y`o ???&? ?MathType?? ???uaeya????? aea AI?(0), AI?(-1) - ieoii? ?iaioe aeaoi?iaoe?? ia iiiaio ?oeioaaiiy i?e e?o/aii? ? noeneo a?aeiia?aeii. Ia ?en. 1 i?eaaaeaia ae?aa?aia ieanoe/iino? oa oeyoe aeaoi?ioaaiiy /anoeiie iaoa??aeo ia in? ? a iaaacia/ieo oi/eao ia eiioo??. Aeei?enoaiee ?ano?n ieanoe/iino? a aeine?aeaeaieo oi/eao ?ic?aoiaoaaee ii ??cieo e?eoa??yo aeaoi?io?iino?. An? e?eoa???, e??i cai?iiiiiaaiiai, aeaaaee caaeuai? cia/aiiy. Oea i?iyaeyeinue a ae/a?ioaaii? ?ano?no ieanoe/iino? ia in?, aea ?oeioaaiiy i?e aenia?eiaio? ia niinoa??aaeinue. Cai?iiiiiaaiee e?eoa??e aeaoi?io?iino? caaeia?eueii iieno? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe. Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aeaoi?io?iino? ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a aeicaiey? ioe?ithaaoe aeei?enoaiee ?ano?n ieanoe/iino? i?e aaeeeeo ieanoe/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?yo. Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeioe?euei?noue aia?aaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, a iniiao yeiai iieeaaeaia a?iioaca i?i caeaaei?noue ieoiii? ?iaioe aeaoi?iaoe?? a?ae ia’?iii? aeaoi?iaoe??, noaie iai?oaeaiiai noaio ? ?noi??? aeaoi?ioaaiiy. A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeaii oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean aeaoi?ioaaiiy aeaoae? oeio “e?eueoea”. Aiae?oe/ii ?ic?aoiaaii iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai caaioiaee ? ocaaaeueiaii aieea ioe?iee aeaoi?io?iino? ia iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee ae?ia?a. A?aeiii, ui aeaoi?iaoe?ei? aeaoaeoe ? iaeeai i?e aeei?enoaii? ?ano?no ieanoe/iino? 0.4 iiai?noth ci?iathoueny a?aeiaethaaiiyi, ? aeai? ae?iae iiaeooue oni?oii i?aoethaaoe a oiiaao oaea?ieo iaaaioaaeaiue oa aa?aneaieo na?aaeiaeu. Oiio aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue a iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiaeao aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaoi?io?iino? ii?enoeo caaioiaie. Aeey ioe?iee aeaoiio?iino? ii?enoi? caaioiaee iaiao?aeia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai ? caeii eiai ci?ie a i?ioean? ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??. A aeai?e ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi i?ioean aeaoi?ioaaiiy oeiiaeo aeaoaeae ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a?? - e?eaoeue (iaeiaenieeo aooeie). ?ica’ycaia caaea/a, eiee aioo??oi?e ae?aiao? caaioiaee aei??aith? ae?aiao?o aioo??oiuei? ii?aaee, a ciai?oiy iiaa?oiy ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? caeeoa?oueny a?eueiith. A yeino? o?ce/ii? iiaeae? iaoa??aeo i?eeiyoi iiaeaeue aei?noeiieanoe/iiai ?cio?iiii-ci?oeithaaiiai ii?enoiai iaoa??aeo, a i??ith aeaoi?iaoe?eiiai ci?oeiaiiy ? iaeiie/aia aeaoi?iaoe?y iaoa??aea iniiae (3). Aeey aecia/aiiy iieacieea aei?noeino? iai?oaeaiiai noaio iaea?aeaia oi?ioea: wmetafile8? ??0??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?`???&??yyyy?????Ay?y 4 ???&? ?MathType??P???u????????????-?????jk???N????u?? ??????????-????V????Oa???-?????Oe???T?I ???T?I ???T?7???uaeya????? aea wmetafile8? ??c??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? Aa$???&??yyyy?????Ay·y $w ???&? ?MathType??????uaeya????? - ii?eno?noue aeaoae?; e, er, e, eZ - aecia/ai? c e?iaiaoeee a?aeiia?aeii ia’?iia, ?aae?aeueia, oaiaaioe?aeueia ? inueiaa aeaoi?iaoe??. Aeei?enoaiee ?ano?n ieanoe/iino? ?ic?aoiaoaaee ii e?eoa??th: wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  a???&??yyyy?????Ay°y ? ???&? ?MathType?? ???uaeya?????aea f = 0,2 arctg wmetafile8? ??n???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????AyYya ???&? ?MathType???????u????????????-?????@????A???u?th?????? Ae?aa?aio ieanoe/iino? Ai?() iaea?aeaee ia iniia? aei?iaiaoaaiiy ia ?icoya, e?o/aiiy ? noene c?ace?a c iaoa??aeo caaioiaee. wmetafile8? ??<$?? ?-???????? ?????????????????????? ?en.2. Ae?aa?aia ieanoe/iino? oa oeyoe aeaoi?ioaaiiy: 1 - i?e m = 0,40; i?e m = 0,45; i?e m = 0,55. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui oeyo aeaoi?ioaaiiy nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae ii/aoeiaeo ?ici???a caaioiaee ? ii/aoeiai? ii?enoino?. Aieea aaiiao??? caaioiaee ia aaee/eio aeei?enoaiiai caiano ieanoe/iino? a?aoiao?ii ca aeiiiiiaith eiao?oe??ioa aaeueioaaiiy, yeee aecia/a?oueny a?aeiioaiiyi oe?eie e?eueoey aei eiai aenioe: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?? ???&??yyyy?????AyYyAY ???&? ?MathType??A????u????????????-?????e??????u?th??????a ea I, RCA, RAI - a?aeiia?aeii aenioa, ?aae?one ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? iiaa?oi?. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? ?ic?aoiaoaaoe e?iaiaoeeo, iai?oaeaiee noai ? ia?aiao?e aeaoi?io?iino? caaioiaee a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeo?aeieo aeaieo caaioiaee. Ia ?en. 2 iieacaii ae?aa?aio ieanoe/iino? ? oeyoe aeaoi?ioaaiiy aeey aeaoae? “caaioiaea oanoa?i?”, yea aeaioiaeaia c cae?ciiai ii?ioeo, eaaiaaiiai i?aeaeth ? i?eaeai. sse aeaeii c ?enoiea, i?e ca?eueoaii? eiao?oe??ioa aaeueioaaiiy aeei?enoaiee ?ano?n ieanoe/iino? ciaioo?oueny. ?acii c oei, c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae a?aeiii, ui aeey a?eueoiai ou?eueiaiiy aeaoi?iiaaii? caaioiaee eiao?oe??io aaeueioaaiiy iaiao?aeii ciaiooaaoe. Noai?aia i?ia?aia iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a aeicaiey? a ae?aeiaiaiio ?aaeei? ?aoe?iiaeueii ei?aeooaaoe eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano, ao?aei? aeai? caaioiaee, a oaeiae caaeia?eueiyoe oiiaai ou?eueiaiiy ? aeaoi?io?iino? caaioiaee. A i’yoiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?aoe?iiaeueiiio i?iaeooaaiith oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oieiaeiiai ieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoeo caaioiaie. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee noai?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae i?ioean?a oi?iici?iaiiy aeey aeaoaeae oeio “e?eueoea” ?ic?iaeaiee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean aeaioiaeaiiy na??? aeaoaeae “caaioiaea oanoa?i?”. Aeaia iaoiaeeea aeicaieeea ?aoe?iiaeueii aea?aoe caaioiaee aeey ae?iaieoeoaa aeaoaeae c caaeaieie aenieoaoaoe?eieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. A caeeth/aii? i?aeaaaeai? i?aenoiee aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue; noi?ioeueiaaia i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? c?iaeaii caaaeuei? aeniiaee ii aeena?oaoe??. A aeiaeaoeao i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a; i?aaenoaaeaia i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ii/aoeiai? caaioiaee aeey oieiaeiiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy ia AII. CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE 1. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c no/anieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oieiaeiiai ieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoeo o?e. Iieacaia ?o aoaeoeai?noue i?e ae?iaieoeoa? na?aaeiueiiaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae ?c caaeaieie aenieoaoaoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie. 2. ?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? oai??? aeaoi?io?iino? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oieiaeiiai ieanoe/iiai oi?iici?iaiiy ii?enoeo caaioiaie aac i?iaaaeaiiy aei?iaeo oa a?ii?caeeeo aeine?aeaeaiue. 3. Io?eiaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ii?enoeo o?e i?e aaeeeeo ieanoe/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?yo c a?aooaaiiyi caeeoeiai? ia’?iii? aeaoi?iaoe??. 4. Ia aac? oaiiiaiieia?/ieo e?eoa???a aeaoi?io?iino? aeey eiiiaeoieo iaoa??ae?a ?ic?iaeaiee aia?aaoe/iee e?eoa??e aeaoi?io?iino?, a iniiao yeiai iieeaaeaia a?iioaca i?i caeaaei?noue ieoiii? ?iaioe ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? a?ae ?noi??? iaaaioaaeaiiy. 5. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeaee ciiao aeine?aeeoe ?iciiae?e oa?aeoa?enoee iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio oa aeei?enoaiiai ?ano?no ieanoe/iino? ii ia?a??co caaioiaee a ii/aoeia?e (ianoae?e) noaae?? inaneiao?e/iiai aeaeaaethaaiiy. 6. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe neeaaeaia iae?i?eia iiaeaeue ?aaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a c a?aooaaiiyi a?aie/iiai oi?iici?iaiiy. Oi/i?noue iiaeae? a?aeiia?aea? ae?iaie/ei aeiiaai. Aeey iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeeeai ?aaoethaaoe oi/i?noue iiaeae? aa??thaaiiyi ao?aeieo ia?aiao??a. 7. Ii cai?iiiiiaai?e iiaeae? ?ic?iaeaia ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaoi?ioaaiiy oeiiaeo aeaoaeae ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??, yea aeicaiey? ?aoe?iiaeueii aecia/aoe ia?aiao?e caaioiaee oa eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano aeey iaea?aeaiiy caaeaieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee aioiaiai ae?iao. 8. Noai?ai? i?ia?aie aeey AII, ye? aacothoueny ia iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? aeine?aeaeaiiai i?ioeano (aeaoi?iaoe?y aeaoae? oeio “e?eueoea” i?e inaaeoe? a cae?eoiio ooaii?). Ao?aeiith ?ioi?iaoe??th yaey?oueny noeoii?noue ia?aiao??a ii/aoeiai? caaioiaee; aeo?aeia ?ioi?iaoe?y - ia?aiao?e oaoiieia?/ii? caaioiaee. 9. ?ic?iaeai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? a ae?iaieoeoai oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane aeaioiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?eieo ii?ioeiaeo aeaoaeae. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeeeaaeai? a o?ueio ca?oao ii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?iaioao oa ne?aeoth/eo 13 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo: 1. Iai?iaeieeia A.A., Neaae E.I., Eaaoeei A.O., Neaae ?.E. I e?eoa?eyo ?ac?ooaiey ii?enouo iaoa?eaeia // Aea?aoeee a oaoieea e oaoiieiaeyo. - 1998. - ?1(5). - N.63-66. 2. Eaaoeei A.O., Neaae ?.E. Iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeannia oieiaeiiai aeaoi?ie?iaaiey ii?enouo oae // Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?ioeannia e iai?oaeiaaiey ia?aaioee aeaaeaieai a iaoaeeo?aee e iaoeiino?iaiee. - E?aiaoi?ne. - 1998. - Aui.4. - N.262-265. 3. Iai?iaeieeia A.A., Neaae E.I., Eaaoeei A.O., Neaae ?.E. Eiioaeoiua iai?yaeaiey i?e oieiaeiii aeaoi?ie?iaaiee ii?enouo caaioiaie // Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?ioeannia e iai?oaeiaaiey ia?aaioee aeaaeaieai a iaoaeeo?aee e iaoeiino?iaiee. - E?aiaoi?ne. - 1998. - Aui.4. - N.240-246. 4. Eioe E.A., Eaaoeei A.O., Neaae E.I., Iaey?/oe A.A. Aeae?aaee/aneee eia?oeeiiii-eiioeueniue aea?ii?eaiae aeey oieioiaiey nuio/eo iaoa?eaeia // Oac. aeiee. iao/.-oaoi. eiio. "Iooe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai e iao/iiai iioaioeeaea ia i?aaei?eyoeyo iaoeiino?iaiey". - Aeiieoea. - 1988. - C.24. 5. Eioe E.A., Eaaoeei A.O., Neaae E.I. Ioeaiea ieanoe/iinoe iaoaeeia i?e ioeuene?othuai aeaoi?ie?iaaiee // Oac. aeiee. iao/.-oaoi. eiio. "Iooe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai e iao/iiai iioaioeeaea ia i?aaei?eyoeyo iaoeiino?iaiey". - Aeiieoea. - 1988. - C.5-6. 6. E.I. Neaae, A.O. Eaaoeei, Ciia Ca Iaiue, E.A. Iaaeianeay Ioeaiea aeaoi?ie?oaiinoe iaoaeeia i?e oieiaeiie anaaeea oa?iao iaeueoeaa // Oac. Aeiee. Iao/i.- oaoi. eiio. “Iooe iiaoaiey ooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai e iao/iiai iioaioeeaea ia aaoiiiaeeueio e iaoeiino?ieoaeueio i?aaei?eyoeyo”. - Aeiieoea. - 1988. -N.40. 7. E.I. Neaae, A.O. Eaaoeei, Ciia Ca Iaiue Enneaaeiaaiea ioeaiee aeaoi?ie?oaiinoe iaoaeeia i?e o?aoiniii iai?yaeaiiii ninoiyiee // Oac. aeiee. iao/.-oaoi. eiio. "I?ia?aneaia oaoiieiae/aneea i?ioeann iaaiiie ooaiiiaee”. -E?aiaoi?ne. - 1989. - N.85 - 86. 8. Neaae E.I., Eaaoeei A.O. Enneaaeiaaiea i?ioeanna oieiaeiie ooaiiiaee oaooia aaoiiiaeey ec iaoaee/aneeo ii?ioeia // Oac. aeiee. iao/.-oaoi. eiio. "Iooe niaa?oainoaiaaiey yeieiae/aneiai iaania/aiey ?aaiou aaoiiiaeeueiiai o?ainii?oa". - Aeiieoea. - 1990. - C.65. 9. Neaae E.I., Eaaoeei A.O., Iie?an A.Ae. Enneaaeiaaiea ieanoe/aneie aeaoi?iaoeee ii?enouo oae i?e inaneiiao?e/iii auaeaaeeaaiee // Oac. aeiee. ?ani. naieia?a "Oeceea e iaoaieea ieanoe/aneeo aeaoi?iaoeee ii?ioeiauo iaoa?eaeia". - Eoaaine. - 1991. - C.48. 10. Neaae E.I., Eaaoeei A.O. Enneaaeiaaiea ieanoe/iinoe ii?enouo oae i?e neiaeiii iaa?oaeaiee // Oac. aeiee. ?ani. iao/.-oaoi. eiio. "Oai?aoe/aneea e i?eeeaaeiua i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey iaoeiaieeo e iaeiiooiaeiuo oaoiieiaee ia?aaioee iaoaeeia aeaaeaieai". - Aeiieoea. - 1991. - C.207. 11. Eaaoeei A.O., Iie?an A.Ae., Naoa?ia Ae.A., Neaae E.I. Enneaaeiaaiea iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiai ninoiyiey i?e ieanoe/aneie aeaoi?iaoeee ii?enouo oae // Na. Iaoa?eaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/i.-oaoi. eiio. “Niaa?oainoaiaaiea e ?acaeoea iooaei/ii ca/enoiie oeieoiie e iiaa?oiinoiie ieanoe/aneie ia?aaioee aeaoaeae”. -Aeiieoea. - 1992. N.87. 12. Neaae E.I., Eaaoeei A.O. Aeeyiea iaiaeii?iaeiinoe ieanoe/aneie aeaoi?iaoeee ii?enouo oae ia ?ani?aaeaeaiea ii?enoinoe // Oac. aeiee. ?ani. Iao/.-oaoi. eiio. “Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea aniaeou e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea ia aaoiiiaeeueiii o?ainii?oa". - Aeiieoea. - 1992. - N.80-81. 13. Eaaoeei A.O., Neaae ?.E., Ei?ae A.A. Ioeaiea ieanoe/iinoe ii?enouo caaioiaie i?e auaeaaeeaaiee // Oac. aeii. I?aeia?iaeiiai nai?ia?o “?aieia?/i? iiaeae? oa i?ioeane aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoeo ? eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a”. - Eooeuee. -1997. - N.3. Iniaenoee aianie. A ?iaioao, ui iioae?eiaai? a ni?aaaoi?noa?, aaoi?ia? iaeaaeeoue: ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ? aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea cai?iiiiiaaiiai e?eoa??th aeaoi?io?iino? (1); iaoiaeeea iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano oa ioe?iee IAeN (2); aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiai-aenia?eiaioaeueiei iaoiaeii i?ioeano aeaeaaethaaiiy ii?enoi? caaioiaee ia ii/aoeia?e (ianoae?e) noaae?? aeaeaaethaaiiy (3); iieac iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy a?a?ii?eaiaeo aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aeaoi?io?iino? (4-5); iinoaiiaea caaea/, ?ic?iaea oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue oa aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy (6-12). Aiioaoe?y. Iaaoeueei A.O. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a ieanoe/iiai oi?iici?iaiiy ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? oai?? aeaoi?ioiino?.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.03.05 - i?ioeane oa iaoeie ia?iaee oeneii.- A?iieoeueeee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, A?iieoey, 1998. Caoeuathoueny oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?ae-aeaiiy i?ioean?a ieanoe/iiai oi?iici?iaiiy ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeana aeaoi?ioaaiiy ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? oai?? aeaoi?ioiino?. Aaeineiiaeaii ?ic?aooieiai-aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaiue. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeey aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a oieiaeiiai ooaiioaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaia ? aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??aia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aeaoi?ioiino? ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a. Cae?eniaii i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaeaaethaaiiy, aeaoi?io?i?noue, caaioiaea, e?iaiaoeea, iaoaeaa? ii?ioee, ieanoe/i?noue, ?ano?n ieanoe/iino?, ieanoe/ia oi?iici?iaiiy. Aiioaoeey. Eaaoeei A.O. Iiaoaiea ooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeannia ieanoe/aneiai oi?iieciaiaiey ii?enoo iaoa?eaeia ia iniiaa oai?ee aeaoi?ie?oaiinoe.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.05 - i?ioeann e iaoei ia?aaioee aeaaeaieai.- Aeiieoeeee ainoaea?noaaiie oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Aeiieoea, 1998. Caueuathony oai?aoe/aneea e enia?eiaioaeueia enneaaeiaaiey i?ioeannia ieanoe/aneiai oi?iieciaiaiey ii?enoo iaoa?eaeia. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea i?iaeoe?iaaiey oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia aeaoi?ie?iaaiey ii?enoo caaioiaie ia iniiaa oai?ee aeaoi?ie?oaiinoe. Oniaa?oainoaiaai ?an/aoii-enia?eiaioaeueia iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey iai?yaeaiee. I?aaeeiaeaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue aeey aai?a ?aoeeiiaeueio ia?aiao?ia oieiaeiie ooaiiiaee. ?ac?aaioaia e enia?eiaioaeueii i?iaa?aia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee aeaoi?ie?oaiinoe ii?enoo iaoa?eaeia. Inouanoaeaii i?iioeaiiia aiaae?aiea ?ac?aaioie. Eeth/aaua neiaa: Auaeaaeeaaiea, aeaoi?ie?oaiinoue, caaioiaea, eeiaiaoeea, iaoaee/aneea ii?ioee, ieanoe/iinoue, ieanoe/aneia oi?iieciaiaiea. Ivatsko V.T. The processes of porous materials plastic form-changing efficiency increasing on a basis of deformability theory.- Manuscript. The candidate of technical sciences thesis, speciality 05.03.05 - Processes and machines for plastic metal working.- Vinnytsia State Technical University, Vinnytsia, 1998. Theoretical and experimental investigations of the porous metals plastic form-changing processes are defencing. There are developed methods of the porous uppers pressure treatment technological processes on a basis of the deformability theory. The calculation and experimental methods to determine stresses are improved. There is proposed the mathematic model for choosing of the cold punching rational parameters. There was developed and experimentally tested method of porous materials deformability evaluation. There is realised the industrial introduction of the elaborations. Key words: punch-out, deformability, upper cinematics, metal powders, plasticity, plastic form-changing.

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