Підготовка студентів факультетів фізичної культури до військово-патріотичного виховання учнів: Автореф. дис… канд. наук з фіз. виховання і спорту /

AIEEINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? EAN? OE?A?IEE

Ieauoe Aieiaeeie? Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 796/799:371.035.6

I?AeAIOIAEA NOOAeAIO?A OAEOEUeOAO?A O?CE*II? EOEUeOO?E AeI
A?ENUeEIAI-IAO??IOE*IIAI

AEOIAAIIss O*I?A

24.00.02 – o?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy

??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Eooeuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aieeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Ean?
Oe?a?iee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie

I?n?i/oe
Aiae??e Na?a?eiae/,

Aieeinueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Ean?
Oe?a?iee,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ?

nii?oo Oe?a?ie

Oeyi Aiaaeai Ieoaeeiae/,

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a
Aiaothea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
oai?aoe/ieo iniia ?

iaoiaeeee o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy;

— eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Iao?eoei TH??e Aieiaeeie?iae/,

Euea?anueea iaeania aea?aeaaia aaei?i?no?aoe?y,

ia/aeueiee oi?aae?iiy c ieoaiue o?ce/ii?

eoeueoo?e oa nii?oo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie,

eaai?aoi??y o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “16” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 12.30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 32.051.02 o Aieeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (263000, i.Eooeuee, aoe. Aeiie/aiea,
30).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (263000, i.Eooeuee, aoe.
Aeiie-

/aiea, 30).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “15” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Oeueinue A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ca?iei? neee Oe?a?ie, aenooiath/e
aa?aioii iacaeaaeiino? aea?aeaae, i?iaeaiiino?oaaee nai? i?ioan?eia
ai?iiy oa aeina?ae ia ia?aae? o i.Ee?a? 24 na?iiy 1999 ?. I?ioa a
no/anieo oiiaao o /anoeie iieiae? niinoa??aa?oueny iaaaaeaiiy aeeiioaaoe
ii/aniee iaia’ycie a?iiaaeyieia. Iaee?au? iiaeeeaino? aieeao ia ?icaeoie
iao??ioe/ieo ii/ooo?a o/i?anueei? iieiae? ia? a/eoaeue o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e.

Iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iniia i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a aei
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a, aeyaeaiiy oa iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaeaaaeeea?oeo /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia oeae i?ioean, ?ic?iaea
iaoai?cio ?aae?caoe?? iaaeaaia?/ieo aniaeo?a ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie
a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai Aea?aeaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie
“Ina?oa” ( “Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy”), Caeii?a Oe?a?ie “I?i ina?oo”, “I?i
o?ce/io eoeueoo?o ? nii?o”. Aaaeeea?noue iaa?oiooaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa
iaoiaee/ieo aniaeo?a a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a o
aeueo caeeaaeao ina?oe coiiaeaia aeaiie?aoecaoe??th aea?aeaae ?
iiaeieaiiyi iaaeie?e?a aaoi?eoa?iino? aeui? oeiee.

Nenoaia a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ? neeaaeaith eia?ee i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey c iaoith iiaioaaiiy
ia?aiith i?ioan??th. Oaea nenoaia ? i?i?iaeueii aano?aaiaaiei iienii
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?eniino?, yeith aiia iiaeiia aooe a?aeiia?aeii aei
iaaeaaia?/ieo i?eioeei?a. O nai?io eiie?aoiiio aeaeyae? nenoaia
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?a ? ia?aaeaa/aiith
iiaeaeeth oe?eani?yiiaaieo ae?e aeeeaaea/?a ? nooaeaio?a, ye?
iaiao?aeii aeeiiaoe a oiae? iioeiaeueii i?aai?ciaaiiai
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano c iaoith caaacia/aiiy aenieiai ??aiy
i?ioan?iiae?cio.

Iiooe oeyo?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioan?eii? oa a?enueeiai-iao??oe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? oaeoeueoao?a
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e cae?enith?oueny o aeae?eueeio iai?yiao:

— nioe?aeuei? oa ineoieiai — iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe i?aeaioiaee
niaoe?ae?no?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa nii?oo ( A.?.Caaaoeueeee,
A.I.Ieaoiiia, A.N.Iaitheia, A.?.Iao?ooaa, A.A.Na?i??a, ?.A.Eiaee?i,
A.I.Oeyi oa ?i. );

— iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ia caaacia/aiiy i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a c o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e oa nii?oo (E.N.A?oo?e, A.I.A?aeaea, A.N.I?uaiei, A.A.
I?eaoaae/, ?.A.Iie?oa?, I.?.Iao?ee, TH.A.Iaaeia, I.Ae.Ieaoo?e,
A.?.*e?aa, I.I.Uaaieueeia oa ?i. );

— i?iaeaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa
nii?oo (A.N.A?eue/eianueeee, E.A.Caaaoeueea, A.A.Eiaee?i,
I.A.E?e/oaeooee, O.A.Ia/a?aiei, ?.C.Iioaoithe, TH.I.Oe?aao?e oa ?i.);

— i?aeaioiaea ? ia?ai?aeaioiaea niaoe?ae?no?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aeey
?iaioe o no/ani?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e oeie? (E.A.Aieeia, I.N.Eooe,
O.A.Eo?eei, I.I.O?aoyeia, A.I.Oeyi, A.A.Oieoaeueiee, A.?.Oeiea?oe,
A.A.Oeueinue, C.?.ssoeaiei oa ?i.);

— nii?oeaia i?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a ye can?a ?o i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy
(A.A.Aiae??aiia, A.A.Caii?iaeaiia, A.I.A?eaai, TH.E.Oaeiae/aiei,
I.?.O?io?i?oei, A.A.*aaioa?ueia, ?.TH.THnoiia, A.O.sseiaee oa ?i.).

Nenoaiiee aiae?c ia?oiaeaea?ae aeicaiey? eiinoaiooaaoe, ui a Oe?a?i?
i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a
oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aei aeoiaii? ?iaioe a no/ani?e oeie?, ?
iniaeeai oeo, ye? oi?eathoueny a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino?. ?c iaaaeeei? e?eueeino? iaoeiaeo ?ia?o c oe??? i?iaeaie
aa?oi a?aecia/eoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ss.A.Oei/aea (1998) oa I.A.Iaco?/oea
(1999), a yeeo iiaeai? ie?ai? aniaeoe a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino?. Oea coiiaeei aea?? oaie: “I?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a
oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aei a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
o/i?a”.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei i??i?eoaoiiai iai?yieo
?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie “I?iaeaia iiaiai
ci?noo oa iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy” ? IAe? Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee ia 1994-1998 ?iee
“Caeiiii??iino? aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoeo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a Oe?a?i?
(iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196 V006624) .

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueia
ia?aa??ea iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, ye? ni?eythoue a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? nooaeaio?a.

Ia`?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?ioean i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – caniae, iaoiaee ? oi?ie
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith, ia`?eoii oa i?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?yiiaoaaeinue ia ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaea/:

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino? a ?noi?e/iiio aniaeo? ia oa?ai? Oe?a?ie.

2. Iaa?oiooaaoe ci?no ? oi?ie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e.

3. Aeyaeoe aieea iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ia oi?ioaaiiy
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? na?aeiiino? nooaeaio?a.

4. ?ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaaaeeoe iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? a?enueeiai- iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— oaeineiiaeai? ci?no oa no?oeoo?a oi?ioaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo
ciaiue nooaeaio?a, ye? aeeth/athoue oae? iiiyooy: “ie?iethai?noue”,
“iao??ioeci”, “iao??ioe/i? ia?aeiiaiiy”, “ie?”, “iao??ioe/ia
na?aeii?noue”, “a?enueeiai-iao??oe/ia i?aeaioiaea”, “iniaeeaino?
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee”;

— iaa?oioiaaia no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aei oi?ioaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue o/i?a;
c`yniaai? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae canoinoaaiiy o i?ioean? ae?yeueiino?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iniaeno?niiai i?aeoiaeo; nenoaiaoeciaaii no?oeoo?i?
eiiiiiaioe iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano; ?ice?eoi iaoai?cie
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? a/eoaey
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e;

— aecia/aii ??ai? noi?iiaaiino? i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo iaae/ie
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa ?o aioiaiino? aei cae?eniaiiy
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee o/i?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue
nooaeaio?a, ui ia?aaeaa/a? canoinoaaiiy aeoeaieo iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy,
aeeiiaiiy oanoiaeo iaoiaeee, i?iaaaeaiiy e?a?ciaa/i-oo?enoe/ii? ?iaioe,
ae?eiaeo oa ?ieueiaeo ?ai?, ?ica`ycaiiy iaia?aae caaeaieo i?ioan?eieo
neooaoe?e oa aeeiiaiiy naiino?eieo oai?/eo caaaeaiue;

— neeaaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oi?ioaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo
ciaiue nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny i?e noai?aii?
iiaeo iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a, o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy caaaeueiiina?oi?o
oa oaoiaeo aeenoeeie?i o aeueo caeeaaeao ina?oe oa ia eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? c oaoiaeo aeenoeeie?i, o ?ic?iaoe? ieoaiue
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a, niaoeeo?n?a ?c
?noi??? nii?oo oa ie?ii?enueeiai ?ooo, ieaioaaii? ? i?iaiicoaaii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe o no/anieo oiiaao ae?yeueiino? oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e, o i?ioean? neeaaeaiiy iaa/aeueieo ieai?a, i?ia?ai.

Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia oi?ioaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aeei?enoiaoaaeanue a
?inoeooo? caei?ia`y oa o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e iieiae? AAeO ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee
oa ia oaeoeueoaoao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea, A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

?ic?iaeai? iaie iaoa??aee, ui caaacia/othoue i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e,
iiceoeaii ioe?iai? aenia?oaie aeueo caeeaae?a ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? ? iaoeiaiio
iaa?oiooaaii? nenoaie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a oa
ooi/iaii? ?ie? ?ooeeaeo ?ai? o oi?ioaaii? i?ioan?eieo yeinoae iaeaooi?o
oao?aoe?a, ae?iaeaii? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. ye?
aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? na?aeiiino? o iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e.

A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/oaaeanue
iaoiaeieia?/iei ? oai?aoe/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi iniiaieo iieiaeaiue,
a?aeiia?aei?noth canoiniaaiiai eiiieaeno iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai
iao? e caaea/ai; ?ai?acaioaoeaiith aea??eith o/aniee?a iaaeaaia?/iiai
aenia?eiaioo oa eiai ?acoeueoaoaie; ia`?eoeai?noth e?eoa???a ioe?iee
e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo iieaciee?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo; ye?niei oa
e?euee?niei aiae?cii io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiai-iiooeiai? ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ia Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo a i.Eueaia? (1995-1998 ?.?.), i.Eooeueeo (1994,1997 ?.?.),
ui??/ieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (1991-1998 ?.?.), iaeanieo nai?ia?ao
a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e oa aeioe?eueieo
onoaiia, ia?aaeao o?aia??a c ieoaiue i?aai?caoe?? ?ooeeaeo ?ai?. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? oa ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a aeei?enoiaothoueny
o i?iaaaeaii? eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a, i?aeoe/ieo oa nai?ia?nueeeo caiyoue
aeey nooaeaio?a ?inoeoooo caei?ia`y oa o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e iieiae? oa
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oaeoeueoao?a Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee, nooaeaio?a iaaeaaia?/iiai, iaaee/iiai, ioce/iiai
o/eeeu.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? o 7
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, c yeeo iaeei iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee, 4 noaoo? o oaoiaeo
aeo?iaeao.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae,
aeiaeaoe?a. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? ia 158 noi??ieao
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, i?noyoue 46 oaaeeoeue. O aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii
185 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?aea, c yeeo 8 ?iicaiiith iiaith.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aii iaoo, ia`?eo,
i?aaeiao ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneaii aeaoa?i?iiaai?noue i?iaeaie
iaoeiaiai iiooeo, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoeiao iiaecio, ?ice?eoi i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy, iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a, ai?iaaoe?th iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
iaoeiai-iiooeiai? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Aea/aiiy ?noi?e/ieo aeaea?ae oa iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e
c i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy” iiaea?oueny aiae?c ?noi?e/ii? niaaeueie
aeaeaoieo ieneeoae?a ieioeiai; nenoaiiee iaeyae ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e; ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiaeo ?aeae a/aieo-aeine?aeiee?a c i?iaeai
iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? oa ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a c ieoaiue
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniia a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee ye iiaiai
iai?yieo oi?ioaaiiy a?eueii? iniaenoino? nie?a?oueny ia nenoaio
?noi?e/ii-aii??e/ieo oaeo?a, iaai? iaaeaaia?/i? caeiiii??iino?,
oai?aoe/io eaiao. Cae?enithth/e ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/iee aiae?c ie
a?aooaaee, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy eiie?aoiiai iaoeiaiai iai?yieo
iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee ia? ?ice?eaaoe ae?aeaeoe/ii-ia`?eoeai? ca`ycee yaeu,
caeiiii??iino?, oai???, noia?a/iino? i?ae ieie oa oeyoe ?o ?ica`ycaiiy.

Iaoeiai-iiooeiaa ae?yeuei?noue ia?aeiio?, ui a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ia
aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a ia? naith niaoeeo?eo, iaai? aca?iiiaoiiaeai?
ca`ycee, caeiiii??iino?, ia`?eoeaii-noa`?eoeaiee oa?aeoa?. A
iaa?oiooaaii? iniia a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee, ui aea/a?
iaoaooai?thaaeuei? i?ioeane, nenoaii?noue ye ?? iniiao c iaa?oiooaaiiyi
iaoai?cio ?aae?caoe??, ie ia?aaeaa/eee, ui i?iyae ae?aaeaii?
ae?yeueiino?, iioeae a/eie?a, ni?eeiyooy iaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? /a?ac
a?aooaaiiy ??aiy na?aeiiino?, noa`?eoeaiino? ? yaeua aeeiai?/ia,
neeaaeia, yea cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy oaeo?a c “iiceoe??
iniaenoino?”, oaeo?a “aniaeoo aa/aiiy yaeua”.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii? i?iaeaie ie aiae?coaaee iaaeaaia?/i?
iaaeaaiiy Ean? Oe?a?iee, I.Niio?eoeueeiai, I.Aeooiiae/a, O.Ae/aanueei?,
I.Eoe?oa, I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, A.A??i/aiea, ?.Noaoaiea, N.?oniai?, ?.Ia??iea,
A.Aauaiea oa ?ioeo. Ia?ainieneaiith i?aeaeaaaeanue oai?/a iaaeaaia?/ia
niaueia E.Ooeinueeiai, ?.O?aiea, A.Iaea?aiea, A.Nooiieeinueeiai oa ?i.

A oiae? iaoeiaiai iiooeo anoaiiaeaii, ui a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ia
aeoiaaiiy no?aeiineia`yi-nueeeo ia?iae?a aa?a na?e ii/aoie c aeeaeie
a?e?a, eiee a?aeaoaaeinue a?aeie?aieaiiy neia`yinueei? iiaii? n?i`? a?ae
caaaeueiiai ?iaei?a?iiaenueeiai ianeao. A?ae /ano ?icnaeaiiy i?aneia`yi
? iiae?eo ?o ia o?e a?oie: no?aeio, cao?aeio ? i?aaeaiio (V- VI no.) —
aiie i?ieoee neeaaeiee oeyo ?icaeoeo. Ia eiaeiiio aoai? ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa i?ioean a?enueeiai iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?
iaaoaaa aeanoeaeo eiio ci?noo, oi?i, iaoiae?a, aeaoa?i?iiaaieo ??aiai
?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee, iiae?eii i?aoe?, no?oeoo?ith oethaieo ?
n?iaeieo a?aeiinei.

Naiiaooi?i yaeuai a?enueeiai iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei?
iieiae? aoea eicaoeueea iaaeaaia?ea.A aiioo ?? noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueeee ia?iae iaa aenieee ina?oi?e ??aaiue. Oae, Iaaei Aeainueeee
c iiaeeaii ienaa, ui a caie? eicae?a… ae?oae a?eueoa i?ae o?aae, ? an?
aiie ai?thoue /eoaoe ? ienaoe, iaa?oue ne?ioe.

Eicaoeueea aeiaa a ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? ina?oe aeaea na?oia? aeeneo/o
ieayaeo a/aieo, cie?aia iaaeaaia?a ?.A?caey, O.I?ieiiiae/a,
N.Iaeueoeueeiai. Eicaoeueea iaaeaaia?ea ia?aeiio? a oiio, ui ni?aaaei?
aeoiaaiiy – aeoiaaiiy iao??ioecio. Aaeaea nae?aoe ?icaeoeo iaoi? aeoo? ?
o?ea iaeaeeaoa a?aeia?aaeai? a aeooiaiino? ??aeiiai ia?iaeo, aeoiai?e
ioae?ino?, yea noaea iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueei?
i?aoe?.

O aeine?aeaeaii? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ia i?aeaioiaea ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
neeaaeiaa i?ioan?eii? aioiaiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee oa i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii?
i?iaeaie” iaa?oioiaothoueny iniiai? eiiiiiaioe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe;
iiaea?oueny iaoiaeeea oa ae?aaiinoeea aeine?aeaeaiiy; cae?enith?oueny
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo o i?ioean? iaoeiaiai iiooeo.

Aeey ae??oaiiy noi?iiaaieo caaea/ canoiniaoaaeenue oae? iaoiaee
iaoeiai-iiooeiai? ?iaioe: i?aai?caoe?ei? (ii??aiyeueiee, eiiieaeniee);
oai?aoe/i? (aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, neioac oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?noi?e/iiai iaoa??aeo); aii??e/i? (ae?aaiinoe/ia
aieaooaaiiy, ?ioa?a’th, ?aeoeia, aan?aee); iana?aaoe?ei? (i?yia ?
iiina?aaeeiaaia niinoa?aaeaiiy); i?iaiinoe/i? (oeaethaaiiy, eiiieaeniee
?aeoeia, nenoaiia ocaaaeueiaiiy); aenia?eiaioaeuei? (eiinoaooth/ee ?
oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio); i?aeneiao?e/i? (aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? a/eoae?a, nooaeaio?a, o/i?a); nenoaiii-??aiaaee aiae?c
(??ai? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, nenoaiiee aiae?c, iiaeaethaaiiy,
i?iaiicoaaiiy).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue c 1994 ii 1998 ??. o Aieeinueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee oa iaaeaaia?/ieo
aea?aeaaieo oi?aa?neoaoao Oa?iiiiey ? A?iieoe?.

I?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ae iaoei ea??aieoeoaii
aeeeaaea/aie iaaeaaia?/ieo oa niaoe?aeueieo eaoaae? iacaaieo caeeaae?a
ina?oe aoei i?aai?ciaaia nenoaiaoe/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca 340 nooaeaioaie
oa ai?ciaee/ia – ca 475 nooaeaioaie. I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo iiaeyae?a eiaeiiai nooaeaioa aea/aany i?ioyaii
4-5 ?ie?a ia?aaoaaiiy eiai o aoc?anueeiio eieaeoea?. Ii?yae n oeei
aea/aany aeina?ae iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe iaaeaaia?/ieo oa
niaoe?aeueieo eaoaae? oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiiethaaei e?eueea aoai?a iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai iiooeo.

Ia?oee aoai (1993-1994 ??.) – aiae?oeei – eiinoaooth/ee – iia”ycaiee c
aeaoaeueiei aea/aiiyi ?noi?eei-nioe?aeueii?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa
o?einionueei? e?oa?aoo?e, oi?ioaaiiyi ?iai/i? a?iioace, ia`?eoo ?
i?aaeiaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaa?oiooaaiiyi i?iaeaie, aea/aiiyi
iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? aeeeaaea/?a
oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e.

Ae?oaee aoai (1994-1997 ??.) – aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueiee – iieyaaa o
?ic?iaoe? ia?aiii? i?iaeaie, aecia/aii? iaoe, aaciaeo iiiyoue
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?ia?aeieo /eiiee?a i?iaeoeoeaii? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.
I?iaaaeaiiy eiinoaooth/iai ? oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaio?a, iaoa yeeo
iieyaaea a ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee a
iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc? caniaaie o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa ?ioeo i?aaeiao?a ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo oaoiieia?e aeoiaaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? ?
ai?iaiaai? iaie a i?e?iaeieo oiiaao ?iaioe aoco aa??aioe
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee iai a?ae?a?aoe o?
caniae aieeao ia iniaeno?noue nooaeaioa, ye? caaacia/othoue
iaeneiaeueiee aoaeo o oi?ioaaii? ?o a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo iiayae?a.

O?ao?e aoai (1998-1999 ??.) – caaa?oaeueii-ocaaaeueithth/ee –
oa?aeoa?ecoaaany i?aeaeooyi i?aenoie?a ?iaioe, ocaaaeueiaiiyi io?eiaieo
aeaieo, inieneaiiyi iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cae?eniaii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean aeueo
iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a ina?oe.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “ Iniaeeaino? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e” ?ice?eaathoueny oai?aoe/i?
aniaeoe a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a;
ocaaaeueiththoueny iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eieo yeinoae ? ?en
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e; iaa?oioiao?oueny iaaooee aeina?ae
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a; iienothoueny ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao e?a?ciaa/i? ?iaioe ia oi?ioaaiiy
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? na?aeiiino? iniaenoino? a/eoaey o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo iaie iaaeaaia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue,
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oa eieaeoeaieo aan?ae, ?ioa?a`th c? nooaeaioaie
oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1, aeaee ciiao
c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i aeeiai?eo ??ai?a a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee. Aiae?c aeaieo oaaeeoe? 1 na?ae/eoue i?i aoaeoeai?noue
i?iaaaeaii? iaie ?iaioe a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao. Aaeaea, ??aaiue
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? c??n a?ae
ia?oiai aei /aoaa?oiai eo?n?a ia 14,9 %. Oiae? ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?
a?aeiia?aeii — ia 3,2 %.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea ??ai?a i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy o/i?a (n — 119, a % )

A?oieEo?ne, ?iee?????IV199519971995199719951997Aenia?.

Eiio?.54,0

45,157,1

53,259,7

47,963,4

57,368,9

48,369,9

57,7

Aeoaea aoaeoeaiei aeey aeayaeaiiy ai?iiy aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaaeaaia?/io
oaoi?eo o i?ioean? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ?
??ci? ?a?ia? iaoiaeeee. Iai?eeeaae, o oiae? aenia?eiaioo ie ii?aoethaaee
iaoiaeeeo, yeo iacaaee “Ii?o?ao no/aniiai a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e”.
Iaoa iaoiaeeee — noai?aiiy neiaaniiai ia?aco no/aniiai oao?aoey,
aeyaeaiiy oyaeaiue iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a i?i oa, yeeie yeinoyie aiie
iiaeii? aieiae?oe, cae??ieaiiy iaae/ie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy o/i?a, naiiioe?iee oa naiiaiae?co.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiaeeeanue a o?e aoaie.

? aoai (eieaeoeaia ?iaioa). Cae?enith?oueny o oi?i? a?eueiiai
iaaiai?aiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy ei?ioeiai ia?ae?eo yeinoae iniaenoino?, ye?
iaiao?aei? iaeaooiueiio a/eoaeth aeey a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy. Nooaeaioai i?iiiioaaeinue a?aoiaioiaaii aeiaanoe
iaiao?aei?noue oe??? yeino? aai ai?iiy. I?ney iaaiai?aiiy oeyoii
a?aee?eoiai aieinoaaiiy neeaee ia?ae?e yeinoae, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
i?ioan?eiee ??aaiue no/aniiai oao?aoey.

Ia ?? aoai? (?iaeea?aeoaeueia ?iaioa) nooaeaioai i?iiiioaaeinue
i?iaiae?coaaoe io?eiaiee ia?ae?e yeinoae ? aeneiaeoe nai? noaaeaiiy aei
iueiai. I?e oeueiio ioe?ithaaeenue an? caienai? ?ene ca aeanyoeaaeueiith
oeaeith. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaeyeenue, i?iaiaeeeinue ?aiaeoaaiiy
yeinoae ca na?aaei?i aaeii oa ye?niee aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo, ye?
iiaeai? a oaaeeoe? 2.

Oaaeeoey 2

Oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eieo yeinoae iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e
(n-119, a %)

sseino? iniaenoino?Eiio?ieueia a?oiaAenia?eiaioaeueia a?oiaNa?aaei?e
aaeNa?aaei?e aae?ioaeaeooaeuei?noue

?i?oe?aoeai?noue

Oai?/?noue

Ethaeyi?noue32,6

30,4

28,3

41,643,1

34,6

32,1

51,3

??? aoai (naiiaiae?c) iieyaaa o oiio, ui nooaeaioe aeaaaee naiiioe?ieo
eiaeii? yeino? ? ni?anoaaeythoue nai? aeai? c ?acoeueoaoaie, iaaaaeaieie
o oaaeeoe? 2. Oaea ?iaioa aea? na?eiciee iaoa??ae aeey naiiaiae?co
eiaeiiio nooaeaioo oaeoeueoaoo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e.

Iniiaia i?ecia/aiiy oaoi?ee iniaenoi? i?aoe? aeeeaaea/a iieyaa? a oiio,
uia ?icoe?eoe eiai iiaeeeaino? o ?ica’ycaii? iaaeaaia?/ieo caaaeaiue.
Nooue iaieiae?iiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iei ciaiiyie iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe?,
a?aeoe?ooaaii? i?eeii?a, aeaoaeae, aeiaaaeaii? ?o aei noaio
aaeineiiaeaii? cae/ee, yea i?e iiaeaeueoiio aeei?enoaii? ia aeiaaa?
aaeeeeo cao?ao /ano oa aia?a?? ? ?aae?co?oueny aaoiiaoe/ii, ia??aeei
?ioo?oeaii. A oaeiio ?aaeei? ?iaioa eaea naia ii nia?, ai
ni?aoeueiaothoue iaai? onoaiiaee, a ai?aae aeiaaaeai? aei aeineiiaeino?
i?aeaeuothoue aoaeoeai?noue a?enueeiai iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a.

Aeeeaaea/ — iaeia ?c iaeneeaaei?oeo, iaeaeeiai?/i?oeo i?ioan?e.
Neeaaei?noue ?? iia`ycaia c aenieeie aeiiaaie, ui noaaeyoueny aei
aeeeaaea/a a oiiaao i?enei?aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, c?inoaiiy
ianyao ?ioi?iaoe?? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy, a oaeiae
cia/ieo aeo?ao ?icoiiai? ineoieia?/ii? aia?a?? o aeeeaaeaoeueei-aeoiai?e
ae?yeueiino?.

I?iaiaey/e aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea/ath/e aieea ia?iaeieo o?aaeeoe?e ia
?icaeoie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ?en o iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e, ie caa?ioee oaaao ia oae? iniiai? aniaeoe: ye aieeaa? ia
canai?iiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue oaeaee?noue oa aeeaeia
ni?eeiyooy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, yeee aeae ae?yeueiino? ?o iaea?eueoa
oe?eaaeoue, ye cae?enith?oueny i?aai?caoe?y a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee a no/ani?e caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie?. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaieea
iai iaa?oioiaaii ?aae?coaaoe ia?aaeaa/aiee iaie ieai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
cai?iiiioaaoe nooaeaioai oae? caniae ? oi?ie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy o/i?a, ye? ia’?eoeaii aieeaathoue ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?o i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy.

O i?ioean? iaoeiai-iiooeiai? ?iaioe ie a?aooaaee, ui o nenoaio ina?oe
aeui? oeiee, no/anio i?aai?caoe?th iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano
oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e i?iieeathoue iaaeaaia?/i? ?iiaaoe??, ye?
ua ia iaa?oioiaai? oai?aoe/ii. Cie?aia, o i?ioean? aenia?eiaioo, ie
aeyaeee, ui aei oaeeo ?iiaaoe?e a?aeiinyoueny: aio/e? aeeaeaeoe/i?
oaoiieia??, i?iaeaiii-iiooeia? oa ?a?ia? iaoiaee iaa/aiiy, oe?ii?ni?
i???ioaoe?? iniaenoino?, ?aeoeiaiaee eiio?ie ciaiue.

Aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaeiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?e o
iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueiiio i?ioean? nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ni?ey? ?icaeoeo ?o i?ioan?eii? aioiaiino? oa oai?/eo
caaeaoe?a, ye? aoaeooue ?aae?ciaai? o a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiio aeoiaaii?
o/i?a. ?ioaineo?eaoe?th iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano ie cae?enithaaee o
aeae?eueeio iai?yiao:

— iaa?oiooaaiiy oi?i a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a
oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e;

— eeaneo?eaoe?y oi?i a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee oa ?o
aeei?enoaiiy o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?;

— canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e;

— aeyaeaiiy e?eoa???a ? iciae ioe?iee a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
nooaeaio?a.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieea aeyaeoe /eiaei
nooo?aeo iaaeie?e?a ? oiouaiue o a?enueeiai-iao?ioe/i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e. Na?aae ieo:

— iaaeineiiae?noue iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai, a yeeo ieoaiiy
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee ia a?aeiia?aeathoue iaeaaeiiio
??aith i?ioan?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e;

— a?aenooi?noue aoaeoeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?;

— a?aenoaaaiiy ?ic?iaee oai?aoe/ieo iniia a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoaoo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e;

— a?aenooi?noue iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo eeaneo?eaoe?e oi?i ? iaoiae?a
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iieiae?;

— i?iya iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e uiaei cieaeaiiy cia/ouino? e
aeooaeueiino? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? ?iaioe a oeieao.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Oaoiieia?y ?aae?caoe?? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii?

i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a” iaa?oiooaaii iaoiaeieia?/i? iniaeeaino?
oaoiieia?? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a;
ocaaaeueith?oueny i?noea o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e o a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiio
aeoiaaii? nooaeaio?a; ioe?ith?oueny aieea ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a ia oi?ioaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ?en;
eiie?aoeco?oueny ioe?iea ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ia?aeiiaiue
iniaenoino? o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy; aiae?co?oueny i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea
nooaeaio?a ia iniia? ?icaeoeo ?o caeaoiino? aei ioe?iii? ae?yeueiino?.

O i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiai iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy c`yniaaii ooieoe?? oa
?acoeueoaoe a?aei?aoeueiaaieo aniaeo?a iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
oaoiieia?? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee, aeyaeaii ae??a?noue
?ioaeaeooaeueii-oai?/eo caaaeaiue aeey ?icoi?iiy ?noi?e/iiai ? eia?/iiai
o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioean?, niiniae ioe?iee ? ei?aeoe?? oi?ioaaiiy
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue ? ?o aieea ia ?icaeoie
aoiai?noe/ii-i?ioan?eieo ?ioa?an?a nooaeaioa.

Cae?eniaii ye?niee aiae?c aeaieo i?i canai?iiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo
ciaiue nooaeaioaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi ia ii/aoeo ? a
e?ioe? iaa/aeueii i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? iaaiiai eo?no. Iaea?aeai?
aeai? iiaea?ii o oaaeeoe? 3. Aiie aeicaieythoue i?iaiae?coaaoe
aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ia an?o ??aiyo ?? cae?eniaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 3

??ai? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a (n=189, %)

??AI?Ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaiooA e?ioe?
aenia?eiaiooOai?/i-aeeiiaanueeee3,96,2Ae?yeueii-oai?/ee5,510,4Ia’?eoeaii
-ii?iaoeaiee28,250,1?ioo?oeaii-/ooo?aee17,912,1?ioo?oeaii-ianeaiee19,521
,2

Aiae?c aeaieo oaaeeoe? 3 iieaco?, ui a i?ioean? oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo
??aaiue a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoao?a
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e c?inoa?. Na?aae ieo iaea?eueoiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa?
ia’?eoeaii-ii?iaoeaiee ??aaiue, yeee caaacia/o? c?inoaiiy i?ioan?eii?
iaenoa?iino? ye aeeeaaea/a aoco, oae ? nooaeaioa-aeioneieea ? aeicaiey?
cia/ii i?aeaeueoe ye?noue a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue, oi?iue ?
iaae/ie iniaenoino?, ui aa?a o/anoue o iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeuei?e
ae?yeueiino?.

O i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaooi?
oao?aoe? ia ia?oa i?noea a i?ioean? iaieiae?iiy oa ia?aaea/?
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue noaaeyoue iaoeiai-i?ciaaaeueio
ae?yeuei?noue, a iio?i eieaeoeai? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aan?aee,
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ?ai?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
oaeiae iieacaei, ui ia iei?oiueiio aoai? aeoiaaiiy o/i?a c?inoa? ?ieue
naiiina?oe, iicaiaa/aeueii? ?iaioe, eeoa?a nii?oeaii? oa oo?enoe/ii?
?iaioe, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oeiey?a. Oiio a i?ioean? oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo ie iaiaaaeenue ?icaeaaoe oai?/o ?i?oe?aoeao nooaeaio?a,
iaiao?aeio aeey ?o i?aeaioiaee aei cae?eniaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai
aeoiaaiiy o/i?a o i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy aeoiaieo caoiae?a i?ae /an
i?ioiaeaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee, aeoiaieo nii?oeaieo caoiae?a o
aoc?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?aaeueiiai noaio ? iniaeeainoae i?aai?caoe??
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aaaaeaiee iaoeiaee oa?i?i
«iaaeaaia?/ia oi?ia». I? oi?iith a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ie
?icoi??ii i?aai?caoe?th ?? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee, eieaeoeaii? e
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ae?yeueiino? aeeeaaea/?a oaeoeueoaoo o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ni?yiiaaii? ia ae?iaeaiiy o nooaeaio?a oi?iue cae?enithaaoe
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ia aeoiaaiiy o/i?a.

O oi?ioth/iio aenia?eiaio? ie noi?ioaaee iaoiaeeeo i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aei ?iaioe c
ieoaiue a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?, yea ia?aaeaa/aea
oae? aniaeoe:

— oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? e oi?aae?iiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a;

— aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ianiaeo oi?i a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee iniaenoino?;

— ae??ai-i?aeoe/i? oi?ie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey;

— iniiai? neioaoe/i? (eiia?iiaai?) oi?ie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee;

— oi?ie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ?iaioe c nooaeaioaie.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/eee, ui nooaeaioe iathoue iaieiae?oe
ai?iiyi aeei?enoiaoaaoe oae? oi?ie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
o/i?a:

— thia?i?enuee? ?a?e oeiey??a;

— iioiaee ii i?noeyo aieiai? neaae oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo;

— iiooeiaa ?iaioa o/i?a;

— oaonoai iaae o/anieeaie a?eie, aecaieueiiai ?ooo, n?i’yie caaeaeeo ?
oeo, ooi aaca?noe i?iiaa;

— a?aecia/aiiy tha?eaeieo aeao iaoi? aea?aeaae;

— i?iaaaeaiiy aa/i??a-cono??/ae c o/anieeaie aieiaeo ae?e,
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie, io?oea?aie Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie, o/anieeaie
aecaieueiiai ?ooo.

On? iacaai? i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
o/i?a, yeeie iathoue aieiae?oe nooaeaioe ia?aaoaathoue o ae?aeaeoe/i?e
?aeiino? ? aca?iica’yceo, aeiiiaiththoue ? ?icoe?ththoue ae?th iaeia
iaeii?.

O i`yoiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy”
iiaea?oueny oaoiieia?y aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?; ?aae?co?oueny i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??ae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy o a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/i?e i?aeaioiaoe? nooaeaio?a.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy io?eiaee aeai? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
iaoeiaiai iiooeo o iaa/aeuei?e ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoao?a
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e. Iaie io?eiai? o?e a?oie aeaieo: i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/? (1
a?oia); aeai?, ui aeiiiaiththoue ?nioth/? ?ic?iaee (2 a?oia); aaniethoii
iia? ?acoeueoaoe c aeaii? i?iaeaie (3 a?oia).

Aei ia?oi? a?oie ie a?aeiineii aeai? i?i nooi?noue ? neeaaeia?
eiiiiiaioe a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iniaenoino?. ?aae?caoe?y
iaoe ? caaaeaiue a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee ciaoiaeeoue
ae?aaeaiiy o oi?ioaaii? eiie?aoieo yeinoae nooaeaio?a, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?o aeoiaai?noue, yea iaoiiaeth?oueny iayai?noth ?
nooiaiai noi?iiaaiino? iiceoeaieo caaaeueiiethaenueeeo ?en.

Iniiaio eaieo aeoiaaiino? neeaaea? iao??ioeci – ye anainyaeia ? aeeaiea
ii/oooy iniaenoino?, eoaee aoiaeeoue ethaia aei nai?? e?a?ie, ia?iaeo,
caie?, iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e oiui. Aei aaaeeeaeo ?en aeoiaaiino?
nooaeaioa ie a?aeianee: aoiaii?noue, aeenoeeie?iiaai?noue, aeoeai?noue,
naiino?ei?noue, a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue. Aeoiaai?noue iniaenoino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?ecothoue ? oae? yeino?, ye ioaei?noue,
ni?eea?noue, neea aie?, aa?aaeeea?noue, oo?aioeea?noue,
oe?eani?yiiaai?noue, i?aai?ciaai?noue, eieaeoea?ci, i?aoeaethai?noue,
oiaa?enonuee?noue oa ?i. Iacaai? yeino? aaaaoia?aii?oa, oi/i?oa ?
anaa?/i?oa oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeoiaai?noue iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey. I?ioa
aecia/aiiy an??? ?o noeoiiino? o a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
nooaeaio?a – ni?aaa iaaecae/aeii neeaaeia.

Ocaaaeueithth/e ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeiiiaithth/? aeai? ie
aecia/eee, ye oae?, ui aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ?icaeyaeaoe i?ioean
??ciiiai?oii? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a o
eiie?aoi?e iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeuei?e ae?yeueiino?, a?aoiaoth/e o?niee
aca?iica`ycie aeeeaaea/?a, nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoaoo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa
anueiai eieaeoeao ACI. Oaea ae?yeuei?noue ? iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia
ni?eeoaaiiy ? aaaeeeaei /eiieeii o ?icaeoeo oeo yeinoae iniaenoino?, ye?
ia?a?aoiaai? aeua.

A naith /a?ao, ia iiaaae?ieo, ae??, a/eiee nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoaoo
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aieeaathoue ?o cae/ee, ae?eia? noinoiee c
iaeiieo?nieeaie ? aeeeaaea/aie, a ye? aiie anooiathoue o i?ioean?
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee. Ca /an oaeiai ni?eeoaaiiy
iae?ioaineai?oa oi?iothoueny iiceoeai? iniaeno?ni? oa i?ioan?ei? yeino?
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e. Nooi?iue ?o ?icaeoeo,
anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiinei c eieaeoeaii, ioi/oth/ei na?aaeiaeuai,
?acoeueoaoaie nii?oeaii? oa iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ?
aecia/athoue ??aaiue aeoiaaiino? nooaeaioa.

O?aoth a?oio aeaieo neeaaeathoue e?eoa??? ? iciaee
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a. Ie anoaiiaeee, ui
i?aeaioiaea iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a aecia/a?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie
e?eoa???a (a?ae a?aoeueeiai kriterion – can?a aeey noaeaeaiiy,
i??eoaaiiy), oiaoi i??eei ioe?iee oa aeeaeie noaeaeaiiy i?i
aoaeoeai?noue ?icaeoeo oeo /e ?ioeo yeinoae iniaenoino?.

Aeei?enoaiiy e?eoa???a o aaaaoi ?ac?a oi/i?oa, i?ae nooi a?coaeueii,
aecia/a? aieea ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a ia ?icaeoie iao??ioe/ieo yeinoae
iniaenoino?, ye? a eiaeiiai nooaeaioa oi?iothoueny ii ??ciiio ?
ia?aaoaathoue ia iaaieo ??aiyo ?aae?caoe??. I?aaeeueii ae?a?ai? e?eoa???
aeathoue ciiao ii??aiyoe ae??a?noue ? iaae?ei?noue oeo /e ?ioeo cania?a,
?aoaeueii aei??thaaoe ae?aiacii ?o aieeao ia iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, aeyaeyoe ?ioaineai?noue, aaee/eio oa neeo i?iyao o
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/i?e i?aeaioiaoe?.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie aeei?enoiaoaaee o?e aeaee ??ai?a:
aenieee, na?aaei?e, iecueeee ca iaoiaeeeith ?in?enueeiai a/aiiai
I.?.Iiiaoiaa (1966). Iaeiae oaeee i?aeo?ae ia aeaaaa ciiae a?aoiaoaaoe
e??i aeoiaaiino? nooaeaio?a, ?o o/anoue o iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeuei?e
ae?yeueiino?. Oiio o iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy ie aaaee ??ai? canai?iiy
iaoeiai-?noi?e/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iniaenoino?:
??aaiue aeiiaaaiiy, /ooo?ai-aiioe?eiee, i?ioan?eii-ina?oi?e, oai?/ee,
oi?iaeueii-iiceoeaiee, ianeaii-neooaoeaiee.

AENIIAEE

1. A?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ia i?aeaioiaea ae?oae ? iieiae? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ia??aiii??i?noth ?icaeoeo ai?iaeiaae ?noi?e/ieo ia??iae?a a caeaaeiino?
a?ae nioe?aeueieo, aeiiii?/ieo. Iie?oe/ieo oiia. Aiia ni?yiiaaeanue ia
oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeieo ciaiue, oi?iue oa iaae/ie, aeinyaiaiiy
iioeiaeueiiai ??aiy o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae
i?aai?cio ethaeeie, ui caaacia/oaaee aioiai?noue aei a?enueeiaeo ae?e oa
aenieo ai?caeaoi?noue.

2. O oi?ioaaii? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo iiaeyae?a nooaeaio?a aaaeeeaith
oiiaith aenooia? canai?iiy iaoeiaeo ?aeae, ye? ?ic?iaeai? a oe?a?inuee?e
aoiiiaaeaaia?oe? oa i?aoeyo ie?aieo aeine?aeiee?a. ?acoeueoaoe
i?iaaaeaiiai iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?eythoue ?ic?iaoe? iiai? oaoiieia??
oi?ioaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo iiaeyae?a nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoao?a
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e o i?ioean? aea/aiiy niaoe?aeueieo oa
caaaeueiiina?oi?o aeenoeeie?i ia ??ai? caaaeaiue, ye? noaaeyoueny
iaa/aeueieie i?ia?aiaie aeui? oeiee.

3. Ci?no a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo oai?aoe/ieo iniia oi?ioaaiiy
aoiai?noe/ieo, iao??ioe/ieo ? i?ioan?eieo ?en iniaenoino?; aaaaeaiiy a
iaa/aeuei? ieaie oa i?ia?aie iaoa??aeo, ui a?aeia?aaea? iaoe?iiaeuei?
o?aaeeoe?? oa caeiaooee oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe??
oaeiai ci?noo aeeth/a? aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo oi?i: thia?i?enuee? ?a?e
oeiey??a; iioiaee ii i?noeyo aieiai? neaae oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo;
iiooeiaa ?iaioa o/i?a; oaonoai iaae o/anieeaie a?eie, aecaieueiiai ?ooo,
n?i’yie caaeaeeo ? oeo, ooi aaca?noe i?iiaa; a?aecia/aiiy tha?eaeieo
aeao iaoi? aea?aeaae; i?iaaaeaiiy aa/i??a-cono??/ae c o/anieeaie aieiaeo
ae?e, a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie, io?oea?aie Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie,
o/anieeaie aecaieueiiai ?ooo.

4. Oi?ioaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ia?aeiiaiue nooaeaio?a ia?aaeaa/a?
?ice?eooy ci?noo a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? ae?yeueiino? iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, ?aae?caoe?th ?o oai?/eo cae?aiinoae /a?ac
canai?iiy iaaii? noie iaoeiaeo, ie?ioai?/i-a?iiaaeyinueeeo ciaiue,
caeii?a, caeiiii??iinoae ? i?aaee. Aeoiaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo
iiaeyae?a nooaeaio?a — oea ?aae?caoe?y eaiie aca?iiiia`ycaieo, no/anieo
caaaeaiue, oi?i ? iaoiae?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano aoco, ui
ni?eythoue ?icaeoeo i?ioan?eiiai ieneaiiy, i?aeaeuaiith oai?/i?
a?iiaaeyinueei? aeoeaiino? iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e.

5. Iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino?, ye? ?aae?coaaeenue o ae?yeueiino? aeeeaaea/?a oa nooaeaio?a
a i?ioean? aea/aiiy niaoe?aeueieo oa caaaeueiiina?oi?o aeenoeeie?i,
nie?aeinue ia a?aooaaiiy iao??ioe/ieo ?aeae a oiiaao ?aaeueii?
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee, ui aeicaieeei iai aeei?enoaoe a?aeiia?aei?
iaoiaee aei??thaaiiy ? ioe?ithaaiiy ??ai?a iao??ioe/ieo ia?aeiiaiue,
iaa?oiooaaoe e?eoa??? ioe?iee ?o aeoiaaiino?.

6. A?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ia i?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a ia?aaeaa/a?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iniaeno?niee i?aeo?ae, no?oeoo?oaaiiy
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano oaeoeueoaoo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ia iniia?
ni?ai?aoe?, ni?aoai?/ino?, aca?iiiai caaaa/aiiy o canai?ii? iiceoeaiiai
aeina?aeo aeoiaii? ?iaioe, iino?eia noeioethaaiiy nooaeaio?a aei
naiiaeoiaaiiy, naiiaiae?co. Aoaie a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoaoo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ia?aaeaa/athoue ni?eeiyooy oa
naiiaiae?c iaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy;
?aae?caoe?th iioeaaoe?eii-oe?ii?niiai noaaeaiiy aei
e?a?ciaa/i-oo?enoe/ii? ?iaioe; aeei?enoaiiy iaa?oioiaaii? iiaeae?
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e.

7. A?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ia i?aeaioiaea iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ni?yiiaoaaeanue ia na?aeiia inieneaiiy nooaeaioaie aeiia
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, aeaniee naiiaiae?c iniaeno?niiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai iaoa??aeo, iiaeieaiiy iaaieo ii?aeueieo o?oaeiiu?a,
nenoaiaoe/ia onoiaiiy ineoieia?/ieo aa?’???a caniaaie oai?/i?
iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? oa iaoeiaeo iiooe?a o aeoiai?e
?iaio?. Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue iniaenoino?
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ia?aaeaa/a? canoinoaaiiy
aeoeaieo oi?i iaa/aiiy, aeeiiaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo oanoiaeo aeeaeaeoe/ieo
caaaeaiue, i?iaaaeaiiy ae?eiaeo oa ?ieueiaeo ?ai?, ae??oaiiy i?ioan?eieo
neooaoe?e /a?ac a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/i? ?a?e oa aeeiiaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iaoeiai-nii?oeaieo caaaeaiue.

8. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c i?iaeaie
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e aeyaeeinue, ui o i?ioean? ?aae?caoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueii?
iaoiaeeee ??aaiue a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue nooaeaio?a c??n a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao ia 23,7%. Oe? aeai? i?aeoaa?aeeeenue
aeeiiaiiyi caaaeaiue iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, i?aeaeuaiiyi
aeinyaiaiue o nii?oeai?e i?aeaioiaoe?, ?aae?caoe??th oai?aoe/ieo
iaaeaaiue a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy o aeoiaaii? o/i?a i?ae
/an i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee.

I?iaaaeaia iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? an?o ieoaiue ia?aii?
i?iaeaie, oiio iiaeaeueoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ?? aoaea ni?eyoe
oaeineiiaeaiith a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ieauoe A.A. Aaiaeaie. Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee. — Eooeuee:
Iaaenoe?’y, 1998. — 112 n.

2. Ieauoe A.A. Oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaieo ?en nooaeaio?a o i?ioean? caiyoue
o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith // Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee. — Eooeuee: Aaaea, 1998. — ?2. — N.
46-47.

3. Ieauoe A.A. No/ani? i?aeoiaee aei a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iieiae? // Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Ean? Oe?a?iee. — Eooeuee: Aaaea, 1998. — ?8. — N. 87-91.

4. Ieauoe A.A. Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino? // Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee. — Eooeuee: Aaaea, 1999. — ?1. — N. 35-39.

5. Ieauoe A.A. Oi?ioaaiiy o oeiey??a ii?aeueieo cae/ie i?ae /an caiyoue
o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith // ?aaeyinueea oeiea, 1984. — ?1. – N. 56-58.

6. Oiiaoaanueea ?., Ieauoe A.A. Oe?a?inueea aoiiiaaeaaia?ea — iniiaa
aoiai?noe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? // Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee. — Eooeuee: Aaaea, 1999. —
?1. — N. 50-53.

7. Iaeueiee O., Ieauoe A. Iniaeeaino? iaoeiai? i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?
aeeeaaea/a aoco // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaaeaaia?/ia oaoiieia?y a no/aniiio aoc?”. — Eooeuee:
Aaaea, 1995. — N.23-24.

8. Oiiaoaanueea ?., Ieauoe A. Ae?aaiinoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy
yeinoae iniaenoino? nooaeaioa // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iaaeaaia?/ia oaoiieia?y a no/aniiio
aoc?”. — Eooeuee: Aaaea, 1995. — N.37-38.

AIIOAOe??

Ieauoe A.A. I?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a oaeoeueoao?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aei
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 24.00.02 — O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a,
o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy. — Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee, Eooeuee, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii ci?no oa no?oeoo?o oi?ioaaiiy
a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??aii
oaoiieia?th i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a, oi?ioaaiiy o ieo
i?ioan?eieo yeinoae aeey cae?eniaiiy a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy
o/i?a o i?ioean? iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
oaoiieia?y oi?ioaaiiy o ieo a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ieo ciaiue aaco?oueny
ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy aeoeaieo iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy, nenoaiaoe/ii?
e?a?ciaa/i-oo?enoe/ii? ?iaioe, ae??oaii? i?ioan?eieo neooaoe?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/i? ciaiiy, a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ia
ieneaiiy, ie?ioai?/? iiaeyaee, ie?ioai?/? ?aea?, ie?iethai?noue.

Oleshchuk V.V. Students of physical culture department training for
military and patriotic education of pupils. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate in Physical Training and Sport
(speciality 24.00.02 — Physical Culture, Physical Education of different
souci groups). Volyn State University named after Lesya Ukrainka, Lutsk,
1999.

In dissertation the structure and suject of future physical culture
teacher’s personality’s military and patriotic knowledge is modernized.
Theoratically substantiated and experimentally checked up the students’
professional training technology of formation their professional
qualities for performing military and patriotic education of pupils in
study-cognative activity. It’s established that formation of military
and patriotic knowledge technology is based on the usage of active
methods of learning, systematic ethnology-tourist activity, solving
professional situations.

The scientific term military and patriotic education forsees persons’
understanding of themselves, their physical and mental abilities actc
and actions, their motives and aims, attitude to outworld, another
people and themselves is an important factor in forming professional
qualities of future physical culture teachers.

Specific features of military and patriotic training of physical culture
department students is not only in reflecting an object of cognition but
in helping to form professional features of a personality.

In the process of forming experiment we forsaw the methodics of
professional training of physical students for military and
patrioticeducation of a personality which includes such an aspects:

— wide tasks for general educational development of a personality;

— purposefulness of module and range technology of education and forming
of military and patriotic convictions;

— determination and substantiation of different levels of military and
patriotic knowledge and abilities general and professional training of
physical culture departments students.

The main forming experiment has a comparative character: two educational
systems were compared — traditional and desined. With the aim of
comparison of these systems were created two experimental groups and two
control groups of physical culture department students whose eduction
took place in designed and traditional systems.

At the beginning of experiment experimental groups and control groups
were identical in marcs and in attitude to future professional
activity. In order to compare the traditional and desined educational
systems we used to fix the results of conducting an experiment on the
basis of knowledge levels which determined the level and quality of
special knowledge abilities and skills in the process of learning the
main subjects.

Integrated understanding of military and patriotic safety forsees;

— in the character — military-political, military-technical;

— in the scale — global, regional, state;

— in the methods of organization — group, individual;

— in the sphere of usage — space, air, land, navy;

— in the significanse — the same, another;

— in the stability — stable, non-stable;

— in the level — absolute, partial;

— in the duration — constant, temporarily;

— in the reliability — reliable, non-reliable;

— in the reciprority — mutual, non-mutual.

Military and patriotic training of future physical culture teacher
technology forsees taking into consideration certain conditions, stages
mechanisms of realization and educational sport work’s methodics.

Conditions of forming students’ military and patriotic knowledge process
forsee individual and personal approach structuring of educational
process in physical culture department on the basis of co-operation
mutural enrichment in taking patriotic knowledge, constant stimulating
students to self-education, self-analysis improving of self-conciousness
accounting of pedagogic influence upon future teacher.

Mechanism of realization the military and patriotic education formation:
understanding by the students demands to their pedagogical activity;
their own analysis of the personal pedagogic potential; certain moral
difficulties.

Methodics of forming military and patriotic knowledge of future physical
trainig techer’s personality forsees usage of active educational forms,
fulfiling of test educational tasts, etc.

In the process of conducting the forming experiment we selected several
aspects of psychological defence of a personality during learning the
new informational technologies:

— forcing out that is such a variant of psychological defence of
perception the new information of a student when technical information
thoughts don’t correspond the system of value orientation;

— identification the form of comparison of oneself with other people.

The key words: military and patriotic knowledge, military and patriotic
thinking, peaceful vews peaceful ideas.

Ieauoe A.A. Iiaeaioiaea nooaeaioia oaeoeueoaoia oece/aneie eoeueoo?u e
aiaiii-iao?eioe/aneiio ainieoaieth o/aueony. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe ii
oece/aneiio ainieoaieth e nii?oo ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 24.00.02 —
Oece/aneay eoeueoo?a, oece/aneia ainieoaiea ?aciuo a?oii ianaeaiey. —
Aieuineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ei. Eane Oe?aeiee, Eooee, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee iainiiaaii niaea?aeaiea e no?oeoo?a oi?ie?iaaiey
aiaiii-iao?eioe/aneeo ciaiee ee/iinoe aoaeouaai o/eoaey oece/aneie
eoeueoo?u. Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaii e yenia?eiaioaeueii i?iaa?aii
oaoiieiaeth i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee nooaeaioia, oi?ie?iaaiey o ieo
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo ea/anoa aeey inouanoaeaiey aiaiii-iao?eioe/aneiai
ainieoaiey o/aueony a i?ioeana o/aaii-iiciaaaeueiie aeayeueiinoe.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oaoiieiaey oi?ie?iaaiiy o ieo aiaiii-iao?eioe/aneeo
ciaiee aace?oaony ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey aeoeaiuo iaoiaeia iao/aiey,
nenoaiaoe/aneie e?aaaaae/anei-oo?enoe/aneie ?aaiou, ?aoaiee
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo neooaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aiaiii-iao?eioe/aneea ciaiey, aiaiii-iao?eioe/aneia
iuoeaiea, ie?ioai?/aneea acaeyaeu, ie?ioai?/aneea eaeae, ie?iethaiinoue.

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