Основи логіко-психологічної теорії мисленнєвого прогнозування: Автореф. дис… д-ра психол. наук / О.Є. Самойлов, Ін-т психології ім. Г.С.Костюка АПН

2

?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie

NAIIEEIA Ieaenaiae? ?aee?ae/

OAeE 159.9:340

INIIAE EIA?EI-INEOIEIA?*II? OAI???

IENEAII?AIAI I?IAIICOAAIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 19.00.01 — caaaeueia ineoieia?y, ?noi??y ineoieia??.

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie,
eaai?aoi??y iaoiaeieia?? ? oai??? ineoieia??.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaee Aai?a?e

Ieaen?eiae/, ?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie,
eaai?aoi??y iaoiaeieia?? ? oai??? ineoieia??, caa?aeoaa/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, ae?eniee /eai

AII Oe?a?ie Iieyei Aaeaioei Ieaen?eiae/, ?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.
Einothea AII Oe?a?ie, eaai?aoi??y ineoieia?? oai?/ino?, caa?aeoaa/

aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee Oaoaiei A?oae?e Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo nioe?aeueii? ? iie?oe/ii? ineoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, eaai?aoi??y
iaoiaeieia?? ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noni?eueieo yaeu, caa?aeoaa/

aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeoeaiia

Ai?en Eineiiae/, Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a caaaeueii?
oa nioe?aeueii? ineoieia??, i?ioani?; iaoeiaee oeaio? ineoieiai?? /ano,
aee?aeoi?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?/ii? ineoieia?? oa
aiae?enueei? iiae, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «25» n?/iy 1999 ?. ia 11.00 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.453.11 a ?inoeooo?
ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a-33,
aoe. Iaiuee?anueea 2

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeooo? ineoieia??
?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a-33, aoe.
Iaiuee?anueea 2

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «20» a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai a/aii? ?aaee               I.?. Ae?en??aa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

I?IAEAIA ? ?? AEOOAEUeI?NOUe. Ineoieia?y ieneaiiy, ye ? aoaeue-yea ?ioa
iaoea, iiaeiia i?ieoe a nai?io ?icaeoeo aeaa aoaie — aoai aii????, yeee
aea? iiaeeea?noue caaeia?eueiiai iiyniaiiy ?? ia’?eoa — iaoai?cio
i?iaiicoaaiiy, ? aoai oai???, yeee aeicaiey? ona?aeiieoe nooi?noue
i?iaiicoaaiiy, ye i?ioeano, ? oai?aoe/ii, oiaoi, aeo?nieaoe ?ioo?oeai?
aeeth/aiiy iano?eueee, iane?eueee oea aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ona?aeiieaiiy
iaiaaeaiino? i?aeoe/iiai ? oai?aoe/iiai aeina?aeo, noi?ioaaoe ?
noi?ioethaaoe iiiyooy i?i iueiai, ye i?i aeaniee i?aaeiao.

C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai aiae?c ?nioth/eo aeine?aeaeaiue c ineoieia??
ieneaiiy:

anioe?aoeaii? oai???, “caaea/ii?” eiioeaioe?? Ath?oeao?cnueei? oeiee,
oai??? aioeoeeiaoe?? I.Caeueoea, iiceoe?? aaooaeueoeno?a ? aeoaa?i?eno?a
(eeane/ieo ? noa’?eoeaieo), aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eo i?aeoiae?a aei ieneaiiy
i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?e I.I. Eaiioue?aa ? N.E. ?oa?iooaeia: iiceoe?e
A.A. A?ooe?inueeiai, A.A. Aeaaeaeiaa, A.O. Eiiiaa, I.I. Iaothoe?ia,
E.?. Aioeeoa?iai?, I.I. Eaiioue?aa, A.I. E??i/ee, E.I. Neaanueei?,
A.I. Iieyei, N.Ae. Iaeneiaiea; i?aaenoaaiee?a i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy
ieneaiiy, ye aei ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/: ?.?aeoiaia, A.N. Einothea,
A.I. Aaeea; i?ea?/iee?a ?icaeyaeaiiy eiai ye oai?/ino?:
ss.I. Iiiaia?ueiaa, I.Aa?oaaeia?a, A.I. Eaae?iaa, A.I. Iao?oeiaa,
I.E. A?iae?e?n, Ae.A. Aiaiyaeainueei?; ieneaiiy ye ?aoeaen??:
?.I. Naiaiiaa, N.TH. Noaiaiiaa, Ae.I. Caaae?oeii?, TH.I. Eoethoe?ia:
ieneaiiy ye ae?aeiao: A.I. Eo/einueeiai ? ieneaiiy ye aa?enoe/ii?
naiii?aai?caoe??: A.I. Iooe?ia, I.E. Oeoiie?iaa, aeaa ciiao ona?aeiieoe,
ui eiaeia c ieo ia? nai? iiceoeai? iniaeeaino?, ai o iaai?e i???
?icoe?th? ? iiaeeaeth? ciaiiy i?i iaoai?ci i?iaiicoaaiiy. ?acii c oeei
aeiaeia c ieo iaa?oue ia i?eionea? iiaeeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy oa
oi?ioethaaiiy o aeanieo ?aieao i?iaiico, yeee ae noia?a/ea ??
i?eioeeiai. Aea naia noia?a/eea?noue i?iaiico, ia iiaeeea?noue yei? ua a
/ane Aioe/iino? caa?ioee oaaao Ai?iai?ae, Caiii oa A??noioaeue, i?ci?oa
aoea icia/aia Eaioii ye “aaniethoii iaieio/ee oa iaiao?aeiee noai
?icoio”. Iaaeaeue noia?a/eea? i?iaiice caeeoeeeny iica oaaaith
ineoieia?a, oi/a naia aiie yaeythoue niaith iaeoe?eaa?o? yaeaiiy
noia?a/eeai? nooiino? ieneaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy ?aea? ae?aeia?cio aeaei
ciiao aaa/eoe a noia?a/eeaeo i?iaiicao aeyaeaiiy noia?a/eeai? nooiino?
ieneaiiy. Aiae?c oaeeo yaeaiue aeaa iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe aaeaeaaoi?noue
oyaeaiiy i?i ieneaiiy, ye i?i i?ioean, ui aeieeei a ?aieao eiioeaioe??
?oa?iooaeia-A?ooe?inueeiai ? aeicaieea ia o?eueee oi/ii iaa?oiooaaoe
oai?aoe/ii, aea ? ?noioii ?icaeiooe iiiyooy i?ioeano i?iaiicoaaiiy,
iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? yeiai io?eiaa iacao “aiae?c /a?ac neioac”.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao eiiieaenii? oaie eaai?aoi??? iaoiaeieia?? ?
oai??? ineoieia?? ?inoeoooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie
?0196U006949 — Ineoieia?/i? canaaee noaiiaeaiiy aoiai?oa?ii i???ioiaaii?
ina?oe.

IA’?EOII AeINE?AeAEAIIss aoa i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ? oi?ioethaaiiy
i?iaiico.

I?AAeIAOII AeINE?AeAEAIIss aoee caeiie ieneaiiy, a?aeiia?aeii aei yeeo
?ioo?oeai?, oiaoi ia oai?aoe/i? iia?aoe?? oi?ioaaiiy ? oi?ioethaaiiy
i?iaiic?a anooiathoue a noia?a/i?noue c oi?iaeueii-eia?/iei aeniiaeii.

Caniiaeith aei iiaoaeiae a?iioace aoea oaca i?i oa, ui oi?iaeueia eia?ea
ia ia?aaea? anth iiaiioo ci?noo ieneeiiai, ine?eueee ?? o?ao?e ia?a?nii
ia i?ecia/ai? aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy noia?a/eeai? nooiino? ieneaiiy. Aiie
aaniethoi? ca oi?iith, oiaoi iieeeeai? neoaoaaoe aeey iaoa??ae?caoe??
eeoa i?yiiai cia/aiiy ieneeiiai.

A?IIOACA aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy i?aaee
oi?iaeueii? eia?ee ieneaiiyi eiaeiiai ?aco yaey? niaith ni?iao
?ica’ycaiiy nooo?ai? noia?a/iino? i?ae iaiiaeeea?noth aeei?enoaiiy
eia?ee ? aeiooai?noth oea ?iaeoe. O ca’yceo c oeei i?ioean ieneaiiy
iieyaa? o iine?aeiaiino? ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia
?ica’ycaiiy nooo?ai? noia?a/iino? ia ??ai? ?? iiyaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
iii?e ia noanoaioe?th ieneaiiy ye iaci?iia yae?i eiai nooiino? ? oeyoii
iaaeaiiy noaoono a?aeiiniino? eiai eia?/i?e oi?i?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei a?iioace, IAOA aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iiooeo oeyo?a
?ica’ycaiiy oe??? noia?a/iino? ca ?aooiie noai?aiiy iniia oai???
ieneaiiy, yea a ia’?aeioaaea eiai ye ?aei?noue i?ioe??/ c iaa?oiooaaiiyi
oe???, ia?aaeienaeueii? c oi/ee ci?o oi?iaeueii? eia?ee, ?aeiino?
caniaaie iiai? eia?ee — ae?aeia?ee ?icaeoeo oai?aoe/ieo iiiyoue.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe oa ia?aa??ee a?iioace aoee iinoaaeai? oae?
CAAAeAIIss:

– aecia/eoe, yea c eia?e — oi?iaeueia aai ae?aeia?/ia a a?eueo?e i???
i?aeoiaeeoue ye can?a ioi?ieaiiy ci?noo ieneeiiai;

– iaa?oiooaaoe, yeee c i?eioeei?a — i?eioeei ianoia?a/iino? aai
i?eioeei ?icaeoeo — ? a?eueo oi?aa?naeueiei i?e iiaoaeia? aeieaco
?noeiiino? iiiyoue oai??? ineoieia?? ieneaiiy.

– c’ynoaaoe, /e iiaeia ia?aaeienaeueia c iiaeyaeo oi?iaeueii? eia?ee
ia?aoai?aiiy aano?aeoiiai a i?ioeeaaeia eiio, aea oioiaeia ii cia/aiith
eiie?aoia aaaaeaoe iciaeith ?icaeoeo ieneaiiy;

– anoaiiaeoe caeii a?aeiia?aeii aei yeiai cae?enith?oueny
ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iee aeieac a i?ioean? ieneaiiy.

IAOIAeIEIA?*IITH INIIAITH aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoe/iee i?eioeei
?icaeoeo, ca?aeii c yeei i?aeeii ia aeuee ??aaiue i?ciaiiy aoaeue yeiai
ia’?eoo cae?enith?oueny ca ?aooiie ?ica’ycaiiy noia?a/iino? i?ae
e?aei?ie, aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eie iiaeyaeaie ia iueiai. Oey noia?a/i?noue
?ica’yco?oueny a ?iaio? IAOIAeII noiaeaeaiiy a?ae aano?aeoiiai aei
eiie?aoiiai, oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ieo
iiiyoue, noaeaeaiue, oiiaeniiae?a ? ca?aeii c cai?iiiiiaaiei caeiiii ?o
aca?iiia?aoai?aiiy.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o aaeineiiaeaii? cania?a ioi?ieaiiy
ci?noo ieneeiiai ca ?aooiie o?aooaaiiy ineoieia?? aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae
aeaiia aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eie iaeia iaeio eia?eaie ona?aeiieaiiy ia’?eoo.
Nooue o?aooaaiiy ineoieia?? oeeo aca?iia?aeiinei iieyaa? o ia?aoiae?
a?ae i?eioeeio aen?iiaoe/iiai no?oeoo?oaaiiy oai?aoe/iiai ieneaiiy,
caaaeaee caeaaeiiai a?ae iicaoai?aoe/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ii/aoeiaeo
caniiia oai??e, aei i?eioeeio ae?aeaeoe/iiai no?oeoo?oaaiiy, ia?aaaaa
yeiai aeyaey?oueny o iiaeeeaino? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia eiai iniia?
aoaeue-yeiai aii??e/iiai oaeoo, aeeth/ath/e oaeiae ? o?, ui anooiathoue
a noia?a/i?noue c iniiaieie iiiyooyie oai???. Oeae ia?ao?ae
cae?enith?oueny caaaeyee iaaiei ieneaii?aei iia?aoe?yi ii oi?ioaaiith oa
oi?ioethaaiith i?iaiico, iine?aeiai?noue, oi?ia oa ooieoe?y yeeo
caaeathoueny aaaaeaiei a aeine?aeaeaii? caeiiii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o
i?iaiic? i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe?? eiaeii? iiiyo?eii? nenoaie. Ca?aeii c
aeiiaaie oeueiai caeiio, iacaaiiai CAEIIII EIAA?AIOe??, noeoii?noue
ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e ii oi?ioaaiith oa oi?ioethaaiith i?iaiico iio??aii
?icaeyaeaoe ye aeyaeaiiy ae?aeaeoe/ii? nooiino? ieneaiiy, a oiae? yeiai
cae?enith?oueny neioac aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eo caniiaie a nioe?aeueii
i?eeiyoo, aea oiiaio oi?io aeeeaaeo noaeaeaiiy. Ona?aeiieaiiy oiiaiino?
oi?ie ieneeiiai aeinyaa?oueny caaaeyee oiio, ui noia?a/i?noue i?ae
i?ioeeaaeieie caniiaeaie ?ica’yco?oueny ieneaiiyi ia aeaio ??aiyo —
aioo??oiueiio oa ciai?oiueiio. Ia aioo??oiueiio — caaaeyee
noanoaioe?aeuei?e i?enooiino? iia?aoe?? ii??aiyiiy, a ia ciai?oiueiio —
iine?aeiaii i?ioiaey/e o?e aoaie iia?aoe?iiaeueii-nieneiaiai
ia?aoai?aiiy oi?ie ieneeiiai. Eiaeia c oeeo iia?aoe?e eiinoeooth? iaaiee
aoai oeueiai ia?aoai?aiiy: ia?oa — iaoaoi?ecaoe?y, iia?aoe?y
ciaoiaeaeaiiy noiaeino? a iiaeyaeao; ae?oaa — ??ii?coaaiiy, iia?aoe?y
ona?aeiieaiiy iacaaeia?eueiiy nioe?aeueii i?eeiyoith oi?iith
aeneiaethaaiiy ? o?aoy — ia?aaeienaeuei?noue, iia?aoe?y ona?aeiieaiiy
iaiao?aeiino? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy /anoie o/ano? eiaeii? iiiyo?eii? nenoaie c
iaoith i?aeeiio ia aeuee ??aaiue ona?aeiieaiiy ieneeiiai.

OAI?AOE*IA CIA*AIIss aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oi?iaeueiiio ia?oiooaai?
aaeaeaaoiino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai oai?aoecoaaiiy ?aaeueiiio i?ioeano
oi?ioaaiiy ? oi?ioethaaiiy i?iaiico. A oiae? oeueiai oai?aoecoaaiiy ia
iniia? ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ieo iiiyoue ? ca aeiiiiiaith
ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ieo noaeaeaiue, caniaii o?eaaee/ieo oiiaeniiae?a, oiaoi
oai?aoe/ii, aoei aeaaaeaii iiiyooy, ?aeaioe/ia oiio, yea N.E. ?oa?iooaei
iacaaa “I?ioean i?iaiicoaaiiy” ? yea ?ioo?oeaii aeei?enoaa o yeino?
?iaeiaiai a nenoai? aeanieo iiaeyae?a ia ieneaiiy. I?aeo?ae, aei
ieneaiiy ye aei ae?aeiao aeaio eia?e — eia?ee aano?aaoaaiiy ? eia?ee
eiie?aoecaoe?? aeaa iiaeeea?noue caaeia?eueii iiynieoe ye eia?eo
?oa?iooaei?anueeiai “ae/a?ioaaiiy”, oae ? iaoai?ci “aiae?co /a?ac
neioac”. Ca?aeii c iei, eiioeaioe?y “aeeth/aiiy IAA?AeIIIAI o ana iia? ?
iia? ca’ycee c A?AeIIEI, caaaeyee /iio aiii aenooia? o ana iiaeo ? iiaeo
yeinoyo” ? a ?acoeueoao? /iai ia?aoai?th?oueny a A?AeIIA, ui
?icaeaa?oueny A.A. A?ooe?inueeei, — oea o?eueee iaeia noi?iia ieneaiiy.
?ioith eiai noi?iiith ? oa, ui iaeii/anii oea “aeeth/aiiy” a?aee?eaa?
oae? iia? yeino? oiai, ui uieii ioe?ithaaeiny ye A?AeIIA, ui aiii
oaeoe/ii i?aaenoa? IAA?AeIIEI. Oaeo aca?iiaeeeth/ath/o ?aei?noue
A?AeIIIAI ? IAA?AeIIIAI N.E. ?oa?iooaei ? iacaaa “i?ioeanii”. Oiaoi, ye
oea iiaeia ?ioa?i?aooaaoe, ae?yeuei?noth, ni?yiiaaio o IAA?AeIIA,
aaci?aaeiaoiei iiooeii oiai, ui noaia A?AeIIEI eeoa oiae?, eiee aoaea
ciaeaeaiei. sseae oea aoei iei c?iaeaii, oi c’yaeeany ae iiaeeea?noue
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui noia?a/eeaa nooi?noue ieneaiiy iiaea aooe
i?aaenoaaeaia ca aeiiiiiaith oaeiai ?? yaeua, ye ia?aaeienaeueia
aeneiaethaaiiy. Naia ia?aaeienaeuei?noue ? yaey? niaith iaea?eueo
aaeaeaaoia aecia/aiiy ieneaiiy ye i?ioeano, ine?eueee, c iaeiiai aieo, —
aoaeue-yea eiai ni?iaa ?aae?coaaoeny a ae?yeueiino? a?ae?aco i?eaaaea
aei oiai, ui aiii noaia AAEA IA IENEAIIssI, a eeoa iaei??th c a?eueo aai
iaio aaeaeeo ni?ia eiai iaoa??aeueiiai ao?eaiiy. C ?ioiai aieo, ia
aeei?enoaoe oeth iiaeeea?noue ieneaiiy oaeiae ia iiia, ine?eueee oiae?
i?inoi i?eiee ia ii/iaoueny, a caeeoeoueny eeoa a iioaioe??, oae ae
iiaeoe UA IA IENEAIIssI. Ia iniia? oeueiai iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a
eiaeiiio nai?io c’yaeaii? ieneaiiy i?aaenoa? ye eiioe?eo i?ae
iaiiaeeea?noth ? iaiao?aei?noth UA IA IENEAIIss ia?aoai?eoeny o AAEA IA
IENEAIIss. Oeae eiioe?eo, a?aeiia?aeii aei caeii?a ae?aeaeoeee, ?
iniiaith ?aeiino? aeaio aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eo iniia ieneaiiy —
ae?yeueiino? ? i?ioeano. A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai ieneaiiy ye
ae?yeuei?noue ia?aaeaa/a? ?nioaaiiy naaa ye i?ioeano, ine?eueee eeoa a
iueiio ia?iaeaeo?oueny eiai iioea — iac?icoi?eee aeey ieneaiiy ye
ae?yeueiino? noii?a a ?noeiiino? oiai, ui oyaey?oueny i/aaeaeiei. O
naith /a?ao ieneaiiy ye i?ioean ia iaio eaoaai?e/ii ia?aaeaa/a? aeanio
iiaeeea?noue aooe i?aaenoaaeaiei ye ae?yeuei?noue, ine?eueee eeoa
ae?yeuei?noue ? o??th noa?ith, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue noa’?eoo
?aae?coaaoe aeoeai?noue aeaniiai ieneaiiy.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny
io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie ? coiiaeaia iiaeeea?noth aeei?enoaiiy
eiioeaiooaeueieo iniia oai??? eia?ei-ineoieia?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy a
??cieo noa?ao ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino? — i?ciaaaeuei?e, eiioi?eaoeai?e,
o/aia?e.

?ic?iaeaiee a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioeaiooaeueiee aia?ao iieeaaeaiee a
iniiao aeeeaaea?ieo aaoi?ii eo?n?a: “TH?eaee/ia ineoieia?y”, “Iniiae
i?ioan?eii? ineoieia??”, “Iniiae ineoieia?? oa iaaeaaia?ee”, “Iniiae
i?ioan?eii? aoeee” oa aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey iiaoaeiae nenoaiaoeciaaieo
iien?a ??oaiue caaaeaiue, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei ??cieo eiie?aoieo aaeocae
aeei?enoaiiy ieneaiiy, cie?aia — caaaeaiue ineoieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ye?
aeieeathoue i?e aea/aii? a/eie?a iniaenoino? a aaeoc? “ethaeeia —
i?aai”. E??i oiai, eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae ?ic?iaeaii? oai???
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e iiaoaeia? nenoaie iniiaieo iaoeiaeo a?aeiiinoae a
oiiaao i?aeaioiaee ? aaeineiiaeaiiy aeieaciai? aace i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino? eo?naio?a th?eaee/iiai ?inoeoooo.

INIAENOEE AIANIE. Aeoiaey/e c ?aea? ae?aeia?cio aia?oa ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny
i?eioeei ae?aeaeoe/iiai no?oeoo?oaaiiy iiiyo?eiiai aia?aoo ieneaiiy, ia
a?aei?io a?ae aen?iiaoe/iiai eiai no?oeoo?oaaiiy. Oea aeaei ciiao ca
?aooiie cai?ie iaoiaeo aeaaeoeoe?? ia iaoiae noiaeaeaiiy a?ae
aano?aeoiiai aei eiie?aoiiai i?ioenoaaeoe ?ioo?oeaiiio “i?aeaaaeaiith”
oaeo?a aii???? i?ae iiiyooy oai??? iiaeeea?noue ?o oai?aoe/ii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe??. ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y cae?enith?oueny ca ?aooiie ?ic??oaiiy
noia?a/iino? i?ae aioo??oiueith oa ciai?oiueith oi?iaie ieneaiiy
iia?aoe?iiaeueiei oeyoii c o?aooaaiiyi aeiia aaaaeaiiai a aeine?aeaeaii?
CAEIIO EIAA?AIOe??.

CAEII EIAA?AIOe?? a?aeia?aaea? ineoieia?/iee iaoai?ci i?aeaeuaiiy
aaeaeaaoiino? i?iaiico ia’?eoeaiiio noaio ?a/ae. Nooue eiai iieyaa? a
iae?eo eiaa?aioe?e i?ioeai?noaoth/eo iiiyo?eieo nenoai a i?ioean?
ni?aa?aeianaiiy /anoie ?o o/ano? a neeaaeaii? i?iaiico ? ?ica’ycaii?
noia?a/iino? i?ae ieie ca aeiiiiiaith noanoaioe?? ? oi?ie. O ?acoeueoao?
aeoiaeeoue i?iaiic a?eueo aeniei? eiaa?aioe??, i?ae oie, yeee iiaeia
aoei a neeanoe a ?aieao eiaeii? c ieo ie?aii.

A?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia CAEIIO EIAA?AIOe?? aeieac iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaiei
ca aeiiiiiaith noanoaioe?? eiaa?aioe?? (aano?aeoii? iia?aoe??
ii??aiyiiy) ? oi?ie eiaa?aioe??, (ni?aa?aeiioaiiy AAOI?NUeEI? ?
AAe?ANII? eiaa?aioe?e).

Iaoa??aee oa ?aea? ni?aaaoi??a ii iaa/aeueiiio iin?aieeo a aeena?oaoe??
ia aeei?enoiaothoueny.

A?aeiia?aeii aei aaoi?nueei? eiioeaioe?? IA CAOENO AEIINssOUeNss
IANOOII? IIEIAEAIIss:

1. Iciaeith ieneaiiy ye i?ioeano ? iayai?noue oi?iaeueii-eia?/ii?
noia?a/iino? ye oaeoo o?enaoe?? ia?aoiaeo ieneaiiy ia ye?nii a?eueo
aenieee ??aaiue a?aeia?aaeaiiy. ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? noia?a/iino?
cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith iniaeeaeo iia?aoe?e ieneaiiy.

2. Aeei?enoaiiy oeeo iia?aoe?e a i?ioean? ieneaiiy aeicaiey? iiaeieaoe
oi?iaeueii-eia?/iee caeii ianoia?a/iino? ca ?aooiie ia?ano?oeoo?oaaiiy
cania?a ioi?ieaiiy ci?noo ieneeiiai o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiiaaie
ae?aeaeoeee.

3. Oaea ia?ano?oeoo?oaaiiy aea? iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeoaaoe aea?aeio
oai??th, ui aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe i?iaiic aeeeth/ii ?? caniaaie,
iacaeaaeii a?ae aii??e/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ii/aoeiaeo caniiaie.

4. Oea aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie aaaaeaiiy a oai??th i?eioeeio
naiiaecia/aiiy ?? ia?aeiiiai, ?iaeiaiai iiiyooy, ui yaey? niaith oiiao
?aeiino? aeaio aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eo eiai iniia — ieneaiiy ye ae?yeueiino?
? ieneaiiy ye i?ioeano.

5. Aea?? oeueiai aecia/aiiy nooiino? ieneaiiy iiynith? oa, ui ia
yaeuiiio ??ai? ieneaiiy yaey? niaith eiioe?eo i?ae iaiiaeeea?noth ?
iaiao?aei?noth UA IA IENEAIIss ia?aoai?eoeny a AAEA IA IENEAIIss.

6. Ia?aaeienaeueia nooi?noue ieneaiiy, ye i?ioeano iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aoaeue-yea eiai ni?iaa ?aae?coaaoeny a ae?yeueiino? i?eaiaeeoue aei
oiai, ui aiii a?ae?aco noa? AAEA IA IENEAIIssI, a eeoa iaei??th c a?eueo
aai iaio aaeaeeo ni?ia aeeoe ca aeani? iaae?, a ia aeei?enoaoe oeth
iiaeeea?noue aiii oaeiae ia iiaea, ine?eueee i?inoi i?eiee ia
ii/iaoueny, a caeeoeoueny eeoa a iioaioe??, oae ae iiaeoe UA IA
IENEAIIssI.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?IAIOE ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui iieeaaeai? a iniiao
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeieeaaeaeeny ia VII Ananithciiio c’?cae?
Oiaa?enoaa ineoieia?a N?N? (Iineaa 1989) ? Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 90-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?eniiai /eaia AII N?N?
?i. A.N. Einothea (Ee?a 1990); ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo c i?iaeai
ina?oe (A?ioeeaa 1992; Caii??aeaey 1992; Ee?a 1993; Ee?a 1996; Aaia
1997; O?aieoo?o-ia-Iaei? 1997; ??aia 1998); ia oai?/eo nai?ia?ao ii
?icaeoeo ineoieia?/ieo ? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?enay/aieo
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ? eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iei i?iaeaiai oai?/ino?,
ia can?aeaiiyo a/aieo ?aae ? eaai?aoi??e, caiyooyo iaoiaeieia?/ieo
nai?ia??a a ?inoeooo? ineoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie ?i. A.N. Einothea,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio ? Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaieo oi?aa?neoaoao ?
a?aeia?aaeai? a iiiia?ao??, aeaio a?ioo?ao iaa/aeueiiio iin?aieeo (a
ni?aaaoi?noa?) ? 16 noaooyo ? oacao.

NO?OEOO?A ? IANssA AeENA?OAOe??. Eiiiiceoe?y ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny iaoith
? caaea/aie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, naie
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeaea?ae, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny. Ianya
aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 358 noi??iie ae?oea?nueeiai oaenoo. Nienie
aeaea?ae, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny ia?aoiao? 271 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ANOOI? iieacaia cia/aiiy i?iaeaie, nooue aaoi?nueeiai i?aeoiaeo,
a?aoiaioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iicia/ai?: ia’?eo, i?aaeiao ? iaoiae,
iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaai? iieiaeaiiy, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, ?ice?eo? iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe??,
iaa?oioiaai?noue ?? aeniiae?a, ina?oeai? aei?iaoaaiiy ? no?oeoo?a
?iaioe.

O IA?OIIO ?ICAe?E? “Ineoieia?y ieneaiiy ye aii??e/ia iaoea”
aeiaiaeeoueny, ui iaoeiaee iaoiae ? caniaii i?aai?caoe?? inieneaiiy
ae?eniino?, ui ia?aaeaa/a? iaiao?aei?noue iaa?oiooaaiiy oiai ui
caoaa?aeaeo?oueny. Iaeiei c aeae?a iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aeieac, ui
ia?aaeaa/a? i?aai?caoe?th iiiaio?a noaeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith i?eaeaiiy
iei oi?i eia?/ieo iiiyoue, noaeaeaiue, oiiaeniiae?a, aecia/aiue, ? o.ae.
Ciaiiy caeii?a aeaaaeaiiy iaeieo oi?i c ?ioeo, aai caeii?a aeieaco,
iiaeiii iaaeaoe ieneaiith iiaeeea?noue aac aiaeyoe?? aei aeina?aeo
i?aaeiaoii? ae?yeueiino?, oiaoi oai?aoe/ii, ia?aaeaa/aoe IAA?AeIIA.
Iaeiae, eia?/ii aacaeiaaiia aeaaaeaiiy i?iaiico iaiiaeeeaa ii
aeae?eueeio i?e/eiao. Iaeia c ieo — aeiiaa aeio?eioaaoeny caeiio
oi?iaeueii-eia?/ii? ianoia?a/iino?, aieea yeiai a na?e /an aoa
aeae?eaiee a ie?aio i?iaeaio. I?ioa an? ni?iae noai?aiiy oai???
ineoieia?? ieneaiiy ?aii?oaaee ineoieia?/io ae i?iaeaio, ??oaiiy yei?
ia? aaaaoia?eiao ia?aae?noi??th. Nooue ?? caiaeeoueny aei oiai, ui
oi?iaeueii-eia?/ia noia?a/i?noue, ? iaia’yceiaei aeaiaioii i?inoiaiiai
aoaio oai???, oieeiooe yeiai ia aaeaaaeiny i?eiio.

Oai??y, iiaoaeiaaia ia i?eioeeiao oi?iaeueii? eia?ee, caaaeaee aoaea
caeaaeiith a?ae ia?aeiieo caniiaie, i?eeiyoeo ia a??o. Oea ?noioia
iaaeinoa/a iaoiaeo, ui aeicaiey? oai???, yea iiaoaeiaaia ia i?eioeeiao
oi?iaeueii? eia?ee, iaceaaoeny anueiai eeoa aen?iiaoe/iith. ?ioo?oeaia
?icoi?iiy naia oeeo iaaeinoa/ iaoiaeo iiaoaeiae oai??? i?eaiaeeoue aei
iaiao?aeiino? aeei?enoaiiy ae?aeaeoe/iiai iaoiaeo inieneaiiy, eiee
nooue, oiaoi oa aieiaia, ui oa?aeoa?eco? aioo??oith noi?iio i?aaeiao?a,
i?cia?oueny /a?ac noia?a/i?noue i?ae c?icoi?eei aaoi?o cia/aiiyi
IAA?AeIIIAI ? nioe?aeueii-aeinooiiith oi?iith eiai iieno. ?ioeie
neiaaie, cae?enithth/e aieiaiee i?eioeei ae?aeaeoeee, oaeee i?aeo?ae
ciaoiaeeoue iniiao aeey i?e??aiyiiy i?ioeeaaeiinoae — oi?iaeueiino?
eaoaai??aeueiiai eaaeo iaoeiaiai ciaiiy ? i?iaeoeoo iniaeno?niiai aei
iueiai noaaeaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aoaeue-yei? iaoee, ye i?aaeei, ? aeayeee o?aaiaio ae?eniino?,
ui ?ioo?oeaii ona?aeiieth?oueny noa’?eoii eeoa ye ?nioth/ee, aea
iaaeinooiiee iiyniaiith caniaaie oe??? iaoee. Iaeiei c oaeeo ia’?eo?a
ineoieia?? ieneaiiy ? i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ? oi?ioethaaiiy noa’?eoii
i?iaiico ua IAA?AeIIEO eiio noai?a oe??? ae?eniino?. Niaoeeo?ea oeueiai
ia’?eoa iieyaa? a oiio, ui eiai oi?ioethaaiiy a aeinooiieo nioe?oio
iiiyooyo iaiiaeeeaa. Iiaeeeaa eeoa aeaiiino?aoe?y nioe?oio naiai
noaaeaiiy aei iiaeeeainoae eiai oi?ioethaaiiy ia aeinooii?e oeueiio
nioe?oio iiiyo?ei?e aac?. Iae?e noa’?eoii ???a?o??
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo ?aoa?aioe?e, ui aecia/athoue oea a?aeiioaiiy,
? yaey? niaith oa, ui ioe?ith?oueny a aeine?aeaeaii? ye i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy ? oi?ioethaaiiy i?iaiico ua IAA?AeIIEO noai?a oe???
ae?eniino?.

sseui ia’?eoii iaoee ? aeayea aeae?eaia aeine?aeieeii /anoeia
ia’?eoeaii? ?aaeueiino?, ui ona?aeiieth?oueny iei onueiai eeoa ye
?nioth/a ? o?eueee, oi i?aaeiaoii iaoee ia’?eoeaii aenooia? aaea
aeine?aeaeaia /anoeia oeueiai ia’?eoa. O na?oe? neacaiiai i?aaeiaoii
ineoieia?? ieneaiiy ye iaoee a aeine?aeaeaii? aenooiathoue ?nioth/?, a
oaeiae o?, ui aanue /an ooi/iththoueny, aecia/aiiy oiai, ui ? ieneaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaai? ia iniia? ?nioth/eo eiai eiioeaioe?e.

O Ae?OAIIO ?ICAe?E? “Iaoiaeieia?y iiaoaeiae oai??? ineoieia?? ieneaiiy”
noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui e?eoeeo i?ioe??/ a eia?oe? aeeeaaeo ua o /ane
aioe/iino? cai?ieei i?aaiaiiy i?ciaoe caeiie ia?iaeaeaiiy noaeaeaiiy
(iae?aoeea). Iaoiae i?ciaiiy oeyoii c?oeiaiiy eia?e ? io?eiaa iacao
ae?aeaeoeee. Oia?oa i?aeoe/io ?aae?caoe?th eiai iiaeia iiaa/eoe a
naiii?ciaii? Nie?aoa — ia i?eeeaae? eiai noii?a?a a i?aaeeueiino?
aeanieo ciaiue. Ieaoii aaea iaceaaa ae?aeaeoeeo ienoaoeoaii aiae?coaaiiy
iiiyoue a oiae? aan?aee, iaoiaeii caoaeaeoth/ei a aeoo? niiaaaeo i?i
?aea?, a A??noioaeue ?icaeyaeaa ?? ye oi?io ieneaiiy. O ae?aeaeoeoe?
Aaaaey na?o i?aaenoaaeaiee o aeaeyae? aacia?a?aiiai ?ooo, aeaea?aeii
yeiai aenooiathoue eiai ae aeani? aioo??oi? i?ioe??//y. A?i aea ? ?
aaoi?ii ?aea? eia?ee ae?aeaeoeee ye ae?aeiao aeaio eia?e. Oeth eia?eo
iaceaathoue ae?aeia?eith (A.N. A?aea?, A.ss. Aoo ? ?.E. Iaa?eueii?n).
Ae?aeia?ea yaey? niaith nai???aeio eia?eo ae?aeiao, a ye?e iayai?noue
noia?a/iino? ioe?ith?oueny ia ye iieaciee iani?iiiaeiino? oai???, a ye
oi?ia iinoaiiaee i?iaeaie, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue ia?aoai?aiiy i?aaeiaoa
oai??? a ia’?eo inieneaiiy.

?icaeoie, ye aaciiai?ioiee ia?ao?ae ia ye?nii a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ? aieiaiith oiiaith ?nioaaiiy aoaeue-yei? aeineoue
neeaaeii? nenoaie. Iaei??th c iciae ?icaeoeo ieneaiiy ? ia?aoai?aiiy
ia’?eoa aii??e/iiai inieneaiiy a i?aaeiao oai?aoe/ieo i??eoaaiue, aai
cai?ioi? ia?aoai?aiiy i?aaeiaoa aeayei? oai??? a ia’?eo
iicaoai?aoe/iiai, oiaoi ?ioo?oeaiiai, inieneaiiy. Iaoa oyaeaiiy i?i
oaeee can?a oi?iae?caoe?? ieneaiiy, ui ?icaeaa?oueny, a?aeiia?aea?
iiiyooth ae?aeiao aeaye? oi?ie (o?ao?e) yeiai aeieeee ua a aioe/iino?.
Oea aii??y, ye oi?ia aioeiii?? (A??noioaeue), o??aaea, ye ?aei?noue
oace, aioeoace ? neioace (?ii c O?ina, V no. aei i.a.) ? ?aeay, ye
ieoaii?ai-a?aeiia?aeiee iaoiae i?ciaiiy caaaeueiiai, ui yaey? niaith
caeii ?nioaaiiy iaeeie/iiai (Ieaoii).

Nooue iiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei ni?iae oai?aoecaoe?? ieneaiiy yaey? niaith
aeae?eaiiy eiai noanoaioe??, nooiino?, ? ??cieo ii neeaaeiino? oi?i
yaeua oe??? nooiino?. O ca’yceo c oeei a?ae?aco ae aeieea? ieoaiiy i?i
caniae ?aae?caoe?? a oiae? ieneaiiy i?eioeeio A?AeIA?AAEAIIss. Aeey
oeueiai i?iiiio?oueny i?eaaaeaoe i?i oa, ui noiaey/ee ua aei A??noioaey
i?eioeei Ei?aniiiaeaioe??, a?aeiiee ?aaeyinueeiio a/aiiio ye eai?inueeee
i?eioeei a?aeia?aaeaiiy, iaiaei?iii iiaeiai aooe aeiiiaiaiei
?aae?caoe??th aenoiaiiai ua Ieaoiiii i?eioeeio Eiaa?aioe??, ui icia/a?
a?aeiia?aei?noue yaeua iiiyooth i?i iueiai. C a?aooaaiiyi oeueiai
i?eioeeio i?e/eiii-ne?ae/? aca?iica’ycee ?aaeueieo yaeu iiaeooue aooe
iano?eueee aaeaei ciiaeoeueiaaieie, ui ieneaiiy io?eia? ?aaeueio
iiaeeea?noue oai?aoe/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy aeieeiaiiy ua ia cao?eniaaieo a
i?e?iae? yaeu.

Oi?iaeueia eia?ea ia ?ic??cith? iiiyooy nooiino?, noanoaioe??, yaeua ?
eiai oi?i, ai o?ao?e ?? aaniethoi? ca oi?iith ? neoaeaoue ?ino?oiaioii
iaoa??ae?caoe?? eeoa i?yiiai cia/aiiy aaaeaiiai.

C ae?aeaeoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o NOOI?NOUe ieneaiiy, aai oa aieiaia, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? aioo??oi? iniaeeaino? eiai i?io?eaiiy, ? noia?a/i?noue,
iaeiei c eiie?aoieo aa??aio?a yeiai iiaea aooe noia?a/i?noue i?ae
?iaeea?aeoaeueiei ? noni?eueiei ieneaiiyi.

NOANOAIOe??TH oe??? nooiino?, naiai ?iaeo nooo?aei ii/aoeii, i?enooi?i a
aoaeue-yeiio ieneaii?aiio i?ioean?, ? aano?aeoia iia?aoe?y ii??aiyiiy.

OI?IA ieneaiiy aoaa? ciai?oiueith, ae?aaeaiith iaeiei c ae?iaeaieo
ni?aoiaa?enoaii cania?a ? aioo??oiueith, ui ia ia? cania?a ae?aaeaiiy ?
ui ?aae?co?oueny ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ciai?oiuei? oi?ie.

C a?aooaaiiyi neacaiiai, noia?a/i?noue i?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei ?
noni?eueiei ieneaiiyi, yea ia? i?noea ia nooo?aiio ??ai?, oiaoi ia ??ai?
aioo??oiuei? oi?ie, oe?eeii i?e?iaeii i?inooia? ? ia ??ai? ciai?oiuei?
oi?ie o aeaeyae? ??cieo ii neeaaeiino? yaeu.

ssAEAIIssIE aioo??oiuei?, nooo?ai? noia?a/iino? ? iaoaoi?a ? ??ii?y, ye?
ia iathoue oi?iaeueieo iciae, a oaeiae oi?iaeueii-eia?/i? i?ioe??//y,
ye? aenooiathoue ye ia’?eo iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue Iine?aeiai?noue
ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaoaoi?ecaoe?? /a?ac ??ii?coaaiiy aei aeei?enoaiiy a
oiae? neeaaeaiiy i?iaiico a oi?i? ia?aaeiena, yaey? niaith oeiiao
?aae?caoe?th ae?aeaeoeee eiai oi?ioaaiiy ? oi?ioethaaiiy o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiiaai aeaaaeaiiai a aeine?aeaeaii? iaea?eueo
caaaeueiiai caeiio oai??? ineoieia?? ieneaiiy — CAEIIO EIAA?AIOe??.

CAEII EIAA?AIOe?? a?aeia?aaea? ineoieia?/iee iaoai?ci i?aeaeuaiiy
aaeaeaaoiino? i?iaiico ia’?eoeaiiio noaio ?a/ae. Nooue eiai
neeaaea?oueny a iae?eo noia?ie/ath/eo eiaa?aioe?e i?ioeai?noaoth/eo
iiiyo?eieo nenoai a i?ioean? ni?aa?aeianaiiy /anoie ?o o/ano? a
neeaaeaii? i?iaiico ? ?ica’ycaii? noia?a/iino? i?ae ieie ca aeiiiiiaith
noanoaioe?? ? oi?ie. O ?acoeueoao? aeoiaeeoue i?iaiic a?eueo aeniei?
eiaa?aioe??, i?ae oie, yeee iiaeia aoei a neeanoe a ?aieao eiaeii? o ieo
a?aeie?aieaii.

Aea/aiith cia/aiiy, a oaeiae iaoai?ci?a nieneiia?aoai?aiiy i?enay/aia
iace?/aiia e?euee?noue ?ia?o. Aeieeaaeiee aiae?c iaea?eueo a?aeiieo c
?ia?o, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith nieneo aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui,
iacaaaeath/e ia a?aei?iiino? a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?yo, oyaeaiiy i?i niene, ui
?icaeaa?oueny eiaeiith c ieo, iaaeeaea?oueny aei eaiioue?anueeiai. Oiaoi
CIA*AIIss ae?aaea? aeeth/ai?noue ia’?eoa inieneaiiy a nenoaio
ineoieia?/ieo a?aeiinei aeaiaio?a ia’?eoeaii? ? noa’?eoeaii? ae?eniino?
? yaey? niaith iiao ua ia i?ciaio /anoeio nooiino?, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny
a?ae i?ciaii?, yea nie?a?oueny ia aiae?oe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy.

sse iaaaaeei iii?oeoe, eia?e CIA*AIIss nai?o i??eoaaiue aa/eoue a oiio,
uia ca aeiiiiiaith aeaaeoeoeaieo aeniiae?a caaacia/eoe aiae?oe/ia
aei?aaaeaiiy oiai ui caoaa?aeaeo?oueny. Aeeaeia?e aea cia/aiiy
ae?aeia?coaaiiy aa/eoue a iaiao?aeiino? i?aeeiio ia a?eueo ci?noiaiee
??aaiue ?icoi?iiy. Oeueiai a?i aeiiaaa?oueny ca ?aooiie caeo/aiiy
iicaeia?/ieo ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e, yeeie ? oi?ie ieneaiiy, ui
caaacia/othoue, oae caai? i?ioeane ni?aa?aeianaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iiiyoue ?
oi?i ?o aeaaaeaiiy c ia’?eoeaieie i?ioeanaie ? ?o aca?iiia?aoai?aiue.
?ioeie neiaaie, iaaeinooii? eaoaai??aeueiiio iiaeyaeo ia ?a/?, oi?ie
?aa?c?? oai?aoe/ieo iiiyoue.

Ci?ia oyaeaiiy i?i cia/aiiy a ae?aeia?oe?, a ii??aiyii? c? cia/aiiyi a
oi?iaeuei?e eia?oe?, aea? iiaeeea?noue ona?aeiieoe niin?a iiaeieaiiy
ieneaiiyi eia?/ieo iaiaaeaiue, nooue yeiai neeaaea?oueny a aeio?eiaii?
i?eioeeio ?aeiino? i?ioeeaaeiinoae — eaoaai??aeueiiai ?
iia?aoe?iiaeueiiai cania?a iia?oaaiiy ciaiiyi, ye neeaaeiaeo a ?aeeiiio
i?ioean? ieneaiiy. Iniaeea?noue oeueiai ona?aeiieaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
eaoaai??aeueia ieneaiiy ye can?a a?aeia?aaeaiiy, ao?aoeei noaoon
?aeeiiai, ? noaei ?icaeyaeaoeny eeoa a ?ie? caniao oi?ioaaiiy ?
oi?ioethaaiiy caniiaee, yea i?aeeyaa? e?eoe/iiio iaaiai?aiith,
nai???aei?e neeaaeia?e ieneaiiy. ?ioith neeaaeiaith, yea ia?oioiao? oa,
ui noia?a/i?noue i?ae eaoaai??aeueiith iineeeith ? oaeoii aii???? iiaea
aooe ?ica’ycaiith, ? iia?aoe?iiaeueia neeaaeiaa. sse ae o i?iaeiaaeaiiy
?aeae C.I. I?oaeaeaaa, iia?aoe?iiaeueia neeaaeiaa ieneaiiy iiaeiia
aeeth/aoe a naaa o?e ieneaii?a? iia?aoe??:

– iia?aoe?th iinoaiiaee i?iaeaie a oi?i? noia?a/iino? i?ae aeaiia
ei?aeoii cae?eniaieie eia?/ieie aeniiaeaie, ui aeoiaeyoue c a??ieo
caniiaie.

– iia?aoe?th neeaaeaiiy i?iaiico, ye ?aeiino? eiio?aaeeeoi?ieo
aeniiae?a, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny ye e?aeiiu? aeayeiai neeaaeiiai nieneo,
ii a?aeiioaiith aei yeeo caeii oi?iaeueii-eia?/ii? noia?a/iino? ia ia?
neee.

– iia?aoe?th eia?ei-ae?aeaeoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aea? i?iaiico, ye
?aeiino? i?ioeeaaeiinoae.

A/aiiy i?i iia?aoe?? aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo caniiaie-iii?, ye aaea eacaeiny,
noai?ea Aieueoaaia O?ooa, iacaaaoe eiai iaoeia/aiiyi. O i?ioeaaao
eaoaai??aeuei?e eia?oe?, O?ooa a?aenoithaaa i?aai iniaenoino?
cae?enithaaoe no?oeoo?oaaiiy ciaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei i?aaee nai??
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eia?ee.

Iiae?aii aei A.A. Oea/aiea, yeee ?icaeioa ?aeath A. O?ooa i?i o?eaaee/i?
oiiaeniiaee ? oia?oa noai?ea oai??th ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiai aeieaco,
iia?aoe?iiaeueia neeaaeiaa ieneaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye i?ioean
ia?aoai?aiiy eaoaai??aeueii? “i?aeeacee” a ?? i?ioeeaaei?noue ca
aeiiiiiaith o?eaaee/ieo (ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ieo) aeniiae?a.
Ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iee aeieac ia o?eueee aeyaey? nai? ia?aaaae a
ii??aiyii? c aii??e/iei i?ciaiiyi, aea ? aieiae?? an?ia ia?aaaaaie
oi?iaeueii-eia?/iiai aeieaco — oi?aa?naeuei?noth, caaaeuei?noth ?
iaiao?aei?noth.

Iniaeea?noue o?eaaee/ieo (ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ieo) oiiaeniiae?a (oacen —
aioeoacen — neioacen), ia a?aei?io a?ae oi?iaeueii-eia?/ieo
(aeaaeoeoeaia ? ?iaeoeoeaia), iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiie yaeythoue niaith
iaaiae?oe/i? oiiaeniiaee, oiaoi ia?aaeaa/athoue iaiao?aei?noue caa?iaiiy
aei ciai?oiuei? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Oacenia noaeaeaiiy (ii A.O?ooa) yaey? niaith ieneaii?ao iia?aoe?th, ui
aeeiio?oueny ca i?aaeeaie oi?iaeueii? eia?ee.

o ? It

It = Aa

o ? Aa

Iniaeea?noth eiai ? iayai?noue eia?/iiai caeeoeo (?aceae?oio), a?ae
yeiai a?aeaie?ea?oueny aeeo?i??in a i?ioean? anoaiiaeaiiy ? aeeo/aiiy
aieiaiiai.

Neiaania ioi?ieaiiy oaceniiai noaeaeaiiy iai/ii iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia
a oi?i? iaoaoi?e.

Aioeoacenia noaeaeaiiy yaey? niaith ieneaii?ao iia?aoe?th, ui ia’?aeio?
o?e iia?aoe?? — iaiii?/aiiy A, caia?a/aiiy a ? neioac iaaaoeaii? ?
iiceoeaii? iciae O.

Aioeoacenia noaeaeaiiy iieno?oueny ianooiiith oi?ioeith:

Z ? Ia

Ia = Oa

Z ? O

Neiaania ioi?ieaiiy aioeoaceniiai noaeaeaiiy i?e nei?i/aiiio eiai
ii?aoethaaii? cae?enith?oueny a oi?i? ??ii??.

Neioacenia noaeaeaiiy — caaa?oaeueiee /eai o?eaaee/iiai aeniiaeo
“oacen — aioeoacen — neioacen”.

O ? In

In = Ao

O ? AoN

Iniaeea?noth eiai ? ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ?aceae?oia, yeee “iaeeaa?” o aeaeyae?
A, a ?acoeueoao? /iai inieneaiiy ?aae?ciao?oueny ia iiaiio a?eueo
aenieiio ??ai? C.

Neiaania ioi?ieaiiy neioacena ciooaii cae?enithaaoeny ca
oi?iaeueii-eia?/ieie i?aaeeaie, (ine?eueee a?aeiia?aeii aei ieo
iiaoaeiaaiee neioaenen iia) ? oiio aeeeaa?oueny a ia?aaeienaeuei?
ae?ace.

Aeei?enoaiiy oi?iaeueii-eia?/ieo iiiyoue iaiaaeo? naiaiaeo oai?/ino?,
ii?iaeaeoth/e i?aei?io ia’?eoa inieneaiiy i?aaeiaoii oai???. ?aeeiith
iiaeeea?noth aeey iiiyooy caa?aaoe noaoon iaea?eueo aeiaa?oaii? oi?ie
iaeiie/aiiy, aaeineiiaeaiiy ? ia?aaea/? ciaiue ? ci?ia eiai no?oeoo?e,
oi?ie ? oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae?? i?ae naieie iiiyooyie. Oeueiai iiaeia
aeiaeoeny oeyoii ?icaeyaeo i?ioeeaaeieo iiiyoue, ye e?aeiiu?a iaei???
?aeiino? ? ia?aaeyaeo iiiyooy eia?/iiai aeniiaeo. Iine?aeiai?noue
o?eaaee/ieo oiiaeniiae?a yaey? niaith oae caaiee ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iee
aeieac ?noeiiino? iiai? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiai iiiyooy,
aai ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ia aeaaaeaiiy i?iaiico.

Ca oi?iith ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iee aeniiaie iaaaaeo? aeaaeoeoeaiee —
eiie?aoia aeaiaeeoueny c aano?aeoiiai. Iaeiae, ?c-ca iaiao?aeiino?
iae?eo eiio?aeiaiae?a a oiae? naiiai aeniiaeo, a ieneaiiy, ia??ai? c
oyaii-eiie?aoiei, yea a iiia?aaeiueiio ?icoi?ii? aoei oyaii-aano?aeoiei,
aaiaeeoueny oyaeaiiy i?i /ooo?ai-eiie?aoia — ??ci? eeaneo?eaoe??,
ia?aeii? ocaaaeueiaiiy, aii??e/i? oai???. Oaeee aeniiaie, ia a?aei?io
a?ae aeaaeoeoeaiiai, ? ? oei, ui a ae?aeaeoeoe? iaceaathoue
“noiaeaeaiiyi a?ae aano?aeoiiai aei eiie?aoiiai”. ?iciiae?eaiiy a
oeueiio “noiaeaeaii?” ??aiicia/ieo i?aaiaiue ?ooaoeny a?ae aano?aeoiiai
aai aei /ooo?ai-eiie?aoiiai, aai aei aano?aeoii-eiie?aoiiai aeaei
iiaeeea?noue ae?aeaeoe/iiai i?ciaiiy ia’?eoa inieneaiiy oeyoii
iaeii/aniiai ia?iuoaaiiy ye e?eueeino? ii/ooo?aeo oyaeaiue i?i
eiie?aoia, oae ? e?eueeino? aano?aeoieo iiiyoue i?i iueiai. O
?acoeueoao? anyea ianooiia ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ia iiiyooy a i?ioean?
“noiaeaeaiiy a?ae aano?aeoiiai aei eiie?aoiiai” aoaea oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny
noia?a/i?noth, ui ana a?eueo caaeeaeth?oueny, ii-ia?oa, — i?ae iei ?
iiia?aaei?i iiiyooyi, ine?eueee oea iiiyooy aaea eiie?aoia, a iiia?aaei?
— aano?aeoia ?, ii-ae?oaa — i?ae aano?aeoii-eiie?aoiei ?
/ooo?ai-eiie?aoiei a ?aieao naiiai iiiyooy.

O O?AOUeIIO ?ICAe?E? “?ioo?oeaiee ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iee i?iaiic oi?ie ?
ooieoe?? iiiyoue ineoieia?? ieneaiiy” eaeaoueny i?i oa, ui ia??ai? c
i?inoeie yaeuaie noia?a/eeai? nooiino? ieneaiiy, yeeie ?
oi?iaeueii-eia?/i? iiiyooy, ?niothoue ? neeaaei? ?? yaeua —
oi?iaeueii-eia?/i? i?ioe??//y, ui ?ioo?oeaii ioe?iththoueny ye ?aei?noue
e?aei?o iiaeyae?a ia iaeei ? oie aea o?aaiaio ae?eniino?. Aeiaaeee ae,
eiee oea neeaaeia yaeua noia?a/eeaith nooiino? ieneaiiy ia? oi?iaeueia
iaa?oiooaaiiy, yaeythoue niaith ?icaeiaia yaeua nooiino?.

“Iinoaiiaea oai?aoe/ii? i?iaeaie” ? ieneaii?aa iia?aoe?y iaaeaiiy iayaii
ae?aaeai?e noia?a/iino? oi?ie aioeiii??. Ioi?ieaiiy i?iaeaie ye
aioeiii?? yaey? niaith ia?iaeaeaiiy iiai? oi?ie noaeaeaiiy, ui
a?aeiia?aea? iaiao?aeiino? ci?noiaii? ci?ie noa?i?. Cae?enith?oueny oaea
ioi?ieaiiy c iaoith c’ynoaaiiy oiai, ui ? ?noeiiei — aii??e/iee oaeo, ui
noia?a/eoue ?nioth/?e oai??? aai iiiyooy oe??? oai???.

Ia?aaeiene a ?aieao oai??e “aec??aathoue”, ye i?aaeei, a i?ioean?
?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo iaoee aea aeiaiaeyoueny aei oi?ie aioeiii?e
cae/aeii iiaaoi?nueee ieney/eie noa’?eoaie, ye? a i?ioean? ona?aeiieaiiy
i?ioe??/ Iaoeiaei Ni?aoiaa?enoaii noathoue a?aeiiei, ye ?o AAOI?E.

“Oai?aoe/iee i?iaiic” ? oaeiae ?ioo?oeaii cae?enithaaia AAOI?II
ieneaii?aa iia?aoe?y, ni?yiiaaia ia aaa/aiiy iciae noiaeino? o
aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eo iaeei iaeiiai aii??e/iiio oaeo? ? iiiyoo? oai???.
AAOI? cae?enith? ??, c?icoi?aoe, ui iaeaeaa aiie eiaa?aioi?, aea eiaeiee
a iaaiiio eiie?aoiiio a?aeiioaii?, oiaoi eiee i??eo? ae?aeaeoe/ii.
Iaeiae oi/a AAOI? oiai /e i?, aea eiai i?iaiic iiaeiai aooe ioe?iaiee
e?eoe/ii iano?i?iei AAe?ANAOII. Aeey oeueiai, a?i iiaeiai aooe iei
inieneaiee ca aeiiiiiaith aeinooiii? eiio (AAe?ANAOO) nenoaie iiiyoue.
?ioeie neiaaie i?iaiic, ye ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ia iiiyooy, o?eueee oiae?
aoaea aaeaeaaoii ioe?iaiei, eiee ciiaea aooe inieneaiei ? AAOI?II, ?
AAe?ANAOII. Eiaa?aioe?y iiaiai ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiai i?iaiico aoaea
yaeyoe niaith ni?aa?aeiioaiiy AAOI?NUeEI? ? AAe?ANII? eiaa?aioe?e.

Eiee i?iaeaia a oi?i? aioeiii?? iinoaaeaia, a i?iaiic, ye ?aei?noue
i?ioeeaaeiinoae, noi?iiaaiee ? noi?ioeueiaaiee, ianooia? ii?a aeieaco
eiai oai?aoe/ii? iaa?oioiaaiino? ye ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiai iiiyooy. Iiooe
niiniao oeueiai aeieaco ? ? o?aoy, ciiao ae ?ioo?oeaii cae?enithaaia
AAOI?II ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ia iia?aoe?y.

A?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia CAEIIO EIAA?AIOe?? aeieac iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaiei
ca aeiiiiiaith noanoaioe?? eiaa?aioe?? (aano?aeoii? iia?aoe??
ii??aiyiiy) ? oi?ie eiaa?aioe??, (ni?aa?aeiioaiiy AAOI?NUeEI? ?
AAe?ANII? eiaa?aioe?e).

Ieneaii?a? iia?aoe??, ui aecia/athoue ineoieia?/io noi?iio aeieaco,
iiaeooue aooe i?aaenoaaeai? a oaeiio aeaeyae?:

1. Iia?aoe?y aeyaeaiiy noanoaioe?? eiaa?aioe?? ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiai
iiiyooy (iia?aoe?? ii??aiyiiy).

Iaiao?aei?noue ii??aiyiiy iiina?aaeo?oueny iio?aaith iiooeo iciae
noiaeino? ? a?aei?iiino? a ??cieo iiaeyaeao ia iaeei ? oie aea ia’?eo
inieneaiiy.

2. Iia?aoe?y oi?ioaaiiy oyaeaiiy i?i oi?io eiaa?aioe??.

Noanoaioe?y ii??aiyiiy aenoa??i?eco?oueny a oiae? inieneaiiy a
iaiao?aei?noue i?aai?caoe?? ona?aeiieaiiy, ye ?aeiino?
aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eo iiaeyae?a.

3. Iia?aoe?y oi?ioaaiiy oyaeaiiy i?i oi?io i?iaiico, ye
ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiai iiiyooy.

Aenoa??i?eciaaia oyaeaiiy i?i iaiao?aei?noue i?aai?caoe?? ona?aeiieaiiy
i?iaiico, ye ?aeiino? aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eo iiaeyae?a, cae??iey?oueny ca
?aooiie ?icoi?iiy oiai, ui naia oea ? ? eiai nooi?noue.

4. Iia?aoe?y oi?ioaaiiy oyaeaiiy i?i ooieoe?th i?iaiico ye
ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ia iiiyooy.

Oyaeaiiy i?i oi?io i?iaiico ye ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiai iiiyooy
?ioa??i?eco?ony, a ?acoeueoao? /iai eiai ooieoe?y ?icoi??oueny ye
iiaeieaiiy iaeiia?/iino? o iiaeyaeao ? io?eiaiiy a?aeaa?oino? aeey
?ioa??i?ecaoe??? aoaeue-yeeo oaeo?a aii????.

5. Iia?aoe?y ocaaaeueiaiiy oyaeaiue i?i i?iaiic, ye ?aei?noue eiai oi?ie
? ooieoe??.

I?iaiic ona?aeiieth?oueny, ye ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iee aeniiaie.

6. Iia?aoe?y neioaco oyaeaiue i?i i?iaiic ye ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ia iiiyooy
ia iniia? ona?aeiieaiiy eiai ye ?aeiino? i?ioeeaaeiinoae — oi?ie ?
ooieoe??.

Ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iee aeieac ona?aeiieth?oueny ye ?aei?noue
aenoa??i?eciaaii? noanoaioe?? eiaa?aioe?? ? ?ioa??i?eciaaii? eiai oi?ie.

Aeaaaeaiiy neeaaeii? oi?ie yaeua, nooiino? ui ?icoi??oueny ye
noia?a/i?noue i?ae ??ai?noth ? iaoioiaei?noth neeaaea?oueny c oanoe
iia?aoe?e:

1. A?ae oi?ie aeneiaethaaiiy a?aeae?ey?oueny eiai noanoaioe?y — iiinain.

2. Ae??oo?oueny, a yea yaeua nooiino? ieneaiiy, i?inoa aai neeaaeia,
aoaea ia?aoai?aia noanoaioe?y:

– yeui a i?inoo, oi iaiao?aeii aenoa??i?ecoaaoe ? cae??ieoe cia/aiiy
aaaeaiiai o a?aeiia?aeiiio oa?i?i?, iai?eeeaae, “ia?ai?noue”,
“iaii?iaeuei?noue”, “a?aeie?aieai?noue”.

– yeui a neeaaeia, oi iaiao?aeii ?ioa??i?ecoaaoe eiai c iaoith
ia?aoai?aiiy a i?iia?ac, uinue ia c?acie “aeo?iee-?icoiiee”.

3. Aeae?a?oueny a?aeae?eaia ?ai?oa noanoaioe?y (ii??aiyiiy) ye i?iia?ac
iaeaooiuei? neeaaeii? oi?ie yaeua nooiino?.

4. Aa?aae?co?oueny aioo??oiy oi?ia aaaeaiiai (aeo??noue ioae?aoey).

5. Neioaco?oueny aa?aae?ciaaiee i?iia?ac oi?ie (ii??aiyiiy) ?
eioa??i?eciaaiee i?iia?ac ooieoe?? (a?aeie?aieaiiy).

6. Aenoa??i?eco?oueny neioac oi?ie ii??aiyiiy ? ooieoe??
a?aeie?aieaiino? a?ae ciaiue. ?acoeueoaoii oaei? aenoa??i?ecaoe??
oe?eeii iiaea aooe neeaaeia yaeua nooiino? ieneaiiy, ye

Beata stultitia (Aeaaeaiia aeo??noue).

O *AOAA?OIIO ?ICAe?E? “Ae?aeia?/i?noue ye nooi?noue i?ioeano ieneaiiy”
aeeeaaeaii, ui i?iaeaia aca?iia?aeiinei Oai?oey ? Iaoeiaiai
Ni?aoiaa?enoaa niieii a?e?a iana a nia? noia?a/i?noue i?ae
?iaeea?aeoaeueiith Iiaaoe??th ? A?oiiaei Eiina?aaoeciii. Oae? i?ioe??//y
neeaaeaeeny ?noi?e/ii, oi/ ia caaaeaee aeiaiaeeeeny AAOI?AIE aei ??aiy
iinoaiiaee oai?aoe/ii? i?iaeaie.

O oi?i? aioeiii?e iinooiiaa iaaeeaeaiiy noaeaeaiiy Iaoeiaiai
Ni?aoiaa?enoaa aei ?icoi?iiy oiai, ui ? ieneaiiy iiaea aooe ae?aaeaia
oae:

AIOEIII?ss 1.

A ? (a)

A?aeia?aaea? ci?io a ?icoi?ii? ae?aaiueith ethaeeiith iaiao?aeiino?
ia?aoiaeo a?ae ianeaeueieo cia?aaeaiue aei iaeueiaaiiai eenoa
(i?eoia?ai). Neiaanii aioeiii?y oi?ioeth?oueny oaeei /eiii:

Ieneaiiy ? iaethaaiiy aa/eiiai, ieneaiiy ia ? iaethaaiiy aa/eiiai, a ?
oi?ioethaaiiy aeneiaethaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith iiaoaeiae iaai?o iaethie?a.

AIOEIII?ss 2.

A ? (a, b)

Iciaiaioaaea ci?io a ?icoi?ii? ae?aaiuei? ethaeeie iaoiiaeaiino? eiai
ieneaiiy iaiao?aei?noth o?aooaaiiy noaeaeaiiy Aae?anaoa. Neiaanii
aioeiii?y oi?ioeth?oueny oae:

Ieneaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy aeneiaethaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith iiaoaeiae iaai?o
iaethie?a, ieneaiiy ia ? oi?ioaaiiy aeneiaethaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
iiaoaeiae iaai?o iaethie?a, a ? oi?ioethaaiiy aeneiaethaaiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith iiaoaeiae iaai?o neiaie?a aeaio aeae?a — ui cia?aaeathoue
oa, ui iiaeia iiaa/eoe, ? oa, yeei /eiii o?aaiaioe iiaa/aiiai
ca’ycothoueny i?ae niaith.

AIOEIII?ss 3.

ab => cd, ab => (ef)

cd ? (ef)

Oa?aeoa?eco? coiiaeaio aaaaeaiiyi iaoeiaeo iiiyoue ci?io a ?icoi?ii?
oiai, ui ? ieneaiiy. Caneoaa a oae?e ci?i? ?icoi?iiy iaeaaeeoue Ieaoiio.
Aaaaeaia iei ooiaeaiaioaeueia iiiyooy “?aea?”, ia aeaeue, aoei o na?e
/an ?ice?eoeeiaaia, ui ia ni?eyei ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? iaoee.

Neiaanii aioeiii?y oi?ioeth?oueny oae:

Aeaiyeiai ?iaeo neiaiee — ciaee ? ca’ycee, caaacia/othoueny ?aoa?aioaie
iaoa??aeueiiai na?oo, aeaiyeiai ?iaeo neiaiee — ciaee ? ca’ycee — ia
caaacia/othoueny ?aoa?aioaie iaoa??aeueiiai na?oo, a yaeythoue niaith
?nioth/ee eeoa a ethaenueeiio ieneaii? can?a aano?aeoiiai ae?aaeaiiy
?noeiiino?.

AIOEIII?ss 4.

Aioeiii?y iciaiaioaaea iaiao?aei?noue aaaaeaiiy eaoaai??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? ciaiiy.

Neiaanii aiia oi?ioeth?oueny oae:

Ieneaiiy ? ??oaiiy eiie?aoiiai caaaeaiiy, ieneaiiy ia ? ??oaiiy
eiie?aoiiai caaaeaiiy, a ? aeyaeaiiy a i?iaeaii?e neooaoe?? iciae
aeai?eoio ??oaiiy oeiiaiai caaaeaiiy.

AIOEIII?ss 5.

Aie?nii aeieeea a i?ioean? i?ioeae?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ? a?oiiaiai
noaeaeaiue ? ia’?eoeaii ia iiaea ca’ycoaaoeny c aoaeue-yeei
?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iei ia??iaeii, ine?eueee ?nio? no?eueee, ne?eueee ?nio?
ieneaiiy.

Neiaanii aioeiii?y ae?aaea?oueny oae:

Ieneaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy iciae ??oaiiy oeiiaiai caaaeaiiy a i?iaeaii?e
neooaoe??, ieneaiiy ia ? aeyaeaiiy iciae ??oaiiy oeiiaiai caaaeaiiy, a ?
iine?aeiai?noue ?aeaaeueieo ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
ae?aeia aeaio aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eo iaeia iaeio eia?e: eia?ee iiooeo
nooiino? ? eia?ee iiooeo yaeua oe??? nooiino?.

I?iaiic, neeaaeaiee ?iaeea?aeii, yeee i?aoaiaeo? ia aeaiaio iiaecie,
oi/a ? anooia? a eiioe?eo c eiai ae aeaniith i?aai?caoe??th ciaiiy,
i?ioa oi?io?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia oe??? i?aai?caoe?? ?
oi?ioeth?oueny ia ?? iia?.

Oyaeaiiy i?i aeanoea?noue ieneaiiy, ui iaea?eueo aaeaei ii?aeio? a nia?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ii/aoie ? a?aeiia?aei?noue iia? nioe?oio, a?aeiia?aea?
iiiyooth iaoaoi?e/iino?. Aaeaei aea?aia iaoaoi?a aea? iiaeeea?noue
noa’?eoo, ia ii?oooth/e oe?e?niino? aeaniiai
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-eiai?oeaiiai aa/aiiy, ?ai?acaiooaaoe eiai aioo??oi?e
ci?no ca aeiiiiiaith nioe?aeueii i?eeiyoii? oi?ie.

?aeay iaoaoi?e/iino? aoaea aeaeyaeaoe oae:

Iaoaoi?e/i?noue ? iiina?aaeeiaaia i?ii?aeieie eaieaie ?aei?noue
i?ioeeaaeiinoae nieneiai? iii?e ? iiae aae?anaoa.

Ae?aeia ye aeeaee i?ioean iai?io aeoieaie ia?aaa?oa? oyaeaiiy ieney/iai
noa’?eoa ia o?eueee i?i i?aaeiao inieneaiiy, aea ? i?i iiaeeeaino?
ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e, ye? a?i aeei?enoiao?. Oae, iia?aoe?y aiae?co, a
iniia? yei? eaaeeoue i?eioeei oioiaeiino?, ui aeyaey? a ae?aeic? nai? ia
no?eueee i?iaiinoe/ia, ne?eueee iiynithaaeueia i?ecia/aiiy,
a?aeo?niy?oueny aiaeia?coaaiiyi ia iiceoe?? iaa?oiooaaiiy, oiaoi
ianooiiiai iieno oiai, ia iniia? yeeo iciae oey aiaeia?y iiaea aooe
aaa/aiith. Ia aeaeue, oi?iiy ciaoiaeeoe noiae?noue eeoa ii aeayeeo
iciaeao ? aeeeth/ii ?ioo?oeaiei. O oeueiio ieai? aaeueie aeooaeueiei
oyaey?oueny ni?iaa aeyaeaiiy oaeeo i?eeii?a, ca aeiiiiiaith noai?aiiy ?
?aae?caoe?? i?iaiinoe/ii? oai??? ieneaiiy, ui ?i?oo? i?ioean eiai
?icai?oaiiy.

O I’ssOIIO ?ICAe?E? “Aae?anaoe?y” — ia?oa nieneiaa iii?a i?ioeano
i?iaiicoaaiiy” eaeaoueny iiaa i?i oa, ui ?aae?caoe?y ?aea?
Aae?aniaaiino? cae?eniaia a ?aieao eiaeii? iiae ? eiaeii? eoeueoo?e —
oea ?icoe?aiiy ?aoa?aioe?aeueieo ei?aeii?a ciaeiaeo oi?i, iaaeaiiy ?i,
ie??i cia/aiiy, ua e niene. Oaea ?icoe?aiiy iaceaa?oueny
iaoaoi?ecaoe??th. Iaoaoi?ecaoe?y e?eoeeoaaeany ?ai?oa ? e?eoeeo?oueny
iei?, ye ia a?aeiia?aeiee aeiiaai noai?i? eia?ee can?a ieneaiiy. Iaeiae,
?noeiia ?? cia/aiiy, ye aeaeiaiai iiiyooy, yea ?aae?co? iaoai?ci
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?ioeano i?iaiicoaaiiy, aein? ua ia c?icoi?ei c-ca
ia?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie aeaaaeaiiy yaeua ieneaiiy c eiai nooiino?. O
iaoiio aeiaaeeo — oea aeaaaeaiiy iaoaoi?ecaoe?? c ae?aeia?/iino?. Oea
iiaeia c?iaeoe, nie?ath/enue ia ?aeath Aae?aniaaiino? ye iicaeia?/io
nieneiao iii?o ona?aeiieaiiy IAA?AeIIIAI. Iio?i, iieeaaoe a iniiao
i??eoaaiiy Caeii Eiaa?aioe??, ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui ?iaeea?aeoaeueia
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaia ia iia? ni?aoiaa?enoaa ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoaoi?e/iino?, ye oi?ie aaaeaiiai, ? ae?aeia?/iino?,
aenooiath/i? a ?ie? noanoaioe??. A?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia oeueiai Caeiio,
i?iaeaia ?ica’ycaiiy noia?a/iino? iiaea aooe iinoaaeaia a oi?i?
nooo?ai-yaeuii? aioeiii??:

I?ioean i?iaiicoaaiiy ? ae?aeia?/ia ieneaiiy; i?ioean i?iaiicoaaiiy ia ?
ae?aeia?/ia ieneaiiy, a ? iaoaoi?e/ia ieneaiiy.

I?ae ae?aeia?/i?noth iio??aii ?icoi?oe i?e?iaeiee, aaiaoe/ii ii/aoeiaee
can?a oi?ioaaiiy noaeaeaiiy, iaoe?eai?noue yeiai ia ?icaeoie, ca ?aooiie
a?aeaa?oino? aeey ciai?oiuei? ?ioi?iaoe??, aaeueio?oueny iaiao?aei?noth
cae?enithaaoe ?? oi?ioethaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia oi?iaeueii? eia?ee
ia iniia? ae?aooaaiiy ?noeiiino? ?? oi?ioethaaiue.

I?iaiic oiai, ui Aae?aniaai?noue iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaiith a oi?i?
iaoaoi?e/iino? iiaeia noi?ioethaaoe oaeei /eiii:

Iaoaoi?ecaoe?y ? iiina?aaeeiaaia i?ii?aeieie eaieaie ?aei?noue
i?ioeeaaeiinoae — iaiiaeeeaino? neeanoe i?iaiic (a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia
oi?iaeueii? eia?ee) ? iiaeeeaino? c?iaeoe oea (?ioei oeyoii).

I?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy iaei??? i?ioeeaaeiino? a ?ioo oe?eeii i?e?iaeii
i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae? aeayei? iine?aeiaiino? ci?i aioo??oiuei? oi?ie,
eiaeiee e?ie yei? o?eno? cai?io iaei??? c iciae ae?aeia?/iino? ia iciaeo
iiiieia?/iino?. Ca?aeii c Caeiiii Eiaa?aioe?? iine?aeiai?noue oaeiai
ia?aoai?aiiy cae?enith?oueny a 4 aoaie ca aeiiiiiaith oi?ie iaoaoi?e ?
noanoaioe?? ae?aeia?/iino?:

– nii/aoeo aioo??oiy ae?aeia?/i?noue, ao?a/ath/e iciaeo aioo??oiueiai ?
iaaoaath/e iciaeo e?auiai, ia?aoai?th?oueny a ciai?oith eiieo?aioe?th
(aaoi?nueeeo) aeoiie;

– iio?i ciai?oiy eiieo?aioe?y aeoiie, ao?a/ath/e iciaeo eiie?aoiino? ?
iaaoaath/e iciaee Aae?aniaaiino?, ia?aoai?th?oueny a ia?aci?noue;

– iio?i ia?aci?noue, ao?a/ath/e iciaeo aaaaoicia/iino?, ? iaaoaath/e
iciaeo aeinoaoiino?, ia?aoai?th?oueny a oi?io ieneaiiy, yea
caaeiaieueiy? aeiiae Iaoeiaiai Ni?aoiaa?enoaa ;

– ?, eeoa i?ney oeueiai oi?ia ieneaiiy, yea caaeiaieueiy? Iaoeiaa
ni?aoiaa?enoai, ao?a/ath/e iciaeo ia’?aeioth/iai i?eioeeio ? iaaoaath/e
iciaeo ianoia?a/iino?, noa? eia?/i?noth.

Eioa??i?ecoth/enue ? aenoa??i?ecoth/enue a oiae? aaaaoi?aciaiai
inieneaiiy iiaeeeaino? oaeiai ia?aoai?aiiy, eiai eaiee, a iayaiei
ia?acii ? naia ia?aoai?aiiy, i?eaeaathoue oi?io ? ooieoe?th naiino?eieo
oai?aoe/ieo iiiyoue, ye? aeiaeathoue iaa?oiooaaiith oa?aeoa? aeieaco.

Oi?iaeueii-eia?/ii, aeaanoe yaeua iaoaoi?e/iino? c ae?aeia?/ii? nooiino?
ieneaiiy iaiiaeeeai, ai oi?iaeueia eia?ea ia ?ic??cith? “nooi?noue” ? ??
“yaeua”. Oea iiaeia c?iaeoe o?eueee oeyoii o?eaaee/ieo oiiaeniiae?a,
iine?aeiaii i?ioiaey/e aoaie inieneaiiy yaeua i?e aeiiiiic? iaaieo
ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e, a ?acoeueoao? /iai aiii ona?aeiieth?oueny ye
ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ia iiiyooy:

1. AEAe?EAIIss NOANOAIOe?? Ae?AEIA?*IINO? Aeniiaie: aano?aeoia iia?aoe?y
ii??aiyiiy, ye noanoaioe?y ae?aeia?/iino? ieneaiiy i?enooiy a
aoaeue-ye?e ieneeoaeueii? iia?aoe??.

2. OI?IOAAIIss OssAEAIIss I?I OI?IO EIAA?AIOe??. Aeniiaie: noanoaioe?y
ae?aeia?/iino? i?enooiy a iaoaoi??.

3. OI?IOAAIIss OssAEAIIss I?I OI?IO ssAEUA IAOAOI?E*IINO? ssE
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IIAI IIIssOOss. Aeniiaie: Iaoaoi?a ? oi?ia
ae?aeia?/iino? ieneaiiy.

4. OI?IOAAIIss OssAEAIIss I?I OOIEOe?TH ssAEUA IAOAOI?E*IINO? ssE
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IIAI IIIssOOss. Aeniiaie: iaoaoi?a, ye oi?ia ieneaiiy
yaey? niaith ?aei?noue eiai ?ioa??i?ii? ? aenoa??i?ii? neeaaeiaeo.

5. OCAAAEUeIAIIss OssAEAIUe I?I OI?IO ? OOIEOe?TH ssAEUA IAOAOI?ECAOe??
ssE Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IIAI IIIssOOss. Aeniiaie: oi?ia ? ooieoe?y
iaoaoi?ecaoe??, ye i?iaiicoaaiiy, ia’?aeiai? a iaeiiio
ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiio iiiyoo?.

6. NEIOAC OssAEAIIss I?I ssAEUA IAOAOI?ECAOe??, ssE I?I
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IA IIIssOOss.

Aeniiaie: iaoaoi?ecaoe?y, ye iaeia c yaeu ae?aeia?/ii? nooiino?
ieneaiiy, yaey? niaith oi?ioethaaiiy i?iaiico, aeeiiaia c a?aooaaiiyi ??
aeinooiiino? Aae?anaoo, oiaoi c a?aooaaiiyi Aae?anaoe?? i?iaiico.

AAe?ANAOe?ss yaey? niaith ieneaii?ao iia?aoe?th ciyooy noia?a/iino? i?ae
ciai?oiueith ? aioo??oiueith oi?iaie ieneaiiy, iacaaio iaie NIENEIAITH
III?ITH. Ia ciai??oiueiiiaiiio ??ai? Aae?anaoe?y i?aaenoaaeaia
i?eeiyoith Iaoeiaei Ni?aoiaa?enoaii oi?iith iaoaoi?e/iino?.

O OINOIIO ?ICAe?E? “Caia?a/aiiy — ae?oaa nieneiaa iii?a i?ioeano
i?iaiicoaaiiy” noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui i?aeiyoe i?iaiic, yeee ciaoiaeeoueny
ia ia?aaeaa?aaeuei?e noaae??, ia ??aaiue aano?aeoe?? iiaea iicaaaeaiiy
eiai iaoe?eaiino? ia i?aaeeeao. C a?aooaaiiyi aeiia Caeiio Eiaa?aioe??
i?iaeaia iaaeinoaoiino? iii?e ia Aae?anaoe?th aeey ?aae?caoe??
ae?aeia?/iino? ieneaiiy, iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia ianooiiith
aioeiii??th:

Aae?anaoe?y ye nieneiaa iii?a i?ioeano ia?aoai?aiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-Aaoi?nueeiai ieneaiiy a ieneaiiy Iaoeiaiai
Ni?aoiaa?enoaa a?aeia?aaea? ?noeio; Aae?anaoe?y iiieeeiaa.

Caia?a/aiiy yaey? niaith ?aei?noue Aae?anaoe?? ? Aacaae?aniino? ?
ci?noiaii caaaa/o? oiiae ?aae?caoe?? i?e?iaeii? ae?aeia?/iino? ieneaiiy
a i?ioean? i?iaiicoaaiiy.

I?iaiic oiai, ui caia?a/aiiy iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaii a oi?i? ??ii??,
iiaeia ae?aceoe oae:

??ii?coaaiiy ? iiina?aaeeiaaia i?ii?aeieie eaieaie ?aei?noue
i?ioeeaaeiinoae — iaiiaeeeaino? neeanoe i?iaiic iaoaoi?e/ii ?
iiaeeeaino? oea ?iaeoe ?ioei oeyoii.

O caia?a/aii?, ye a ua a?eueo neeaaei?e, a ii??aiyii? c aae?anaoe??th,
oi?i? ?aae?caoe?? ae?aeia?/ii? nooiino? ieneaiiy, iiaeia aeae?eeoe aaea
ia o?eueee i?iaeoeo aacoiiaiiai aca?ii?icoi?iiy Aaoi?a ? Aae?anaoa c
i?eaiaeo iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ieie iaiia cae/ieo iaoeiaiio
ni?aoiaa?enoao iiiyoue, aea ? cae?eniaio ieie iaiia ni?eueio ioe?ieo
iaiaaeaiino? oeeo iiiyoue. Oaea ni?eueia ioe?iea oe?eeii a?aeiia?aea?
?nioth/iio iiiyooth ??ii?? a ?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiio i?ecia/aii?. ??ii?y a
ieneaii? ? ?aei?noue eiai i?ioeeaaeiinoae — eaoaai??aeueiiai ieneaiiy ?
iaaaoeaiiai aei iueiai noaaeaiiy.

sse ia’?eo ineoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ??ii?y oyaey?oueny o aeaeyae?
i?ioeano ia?aona?aeiieaiiy /iainue aaea A?AeIIIAI, cae?enithaaiiai a
aeaye?e i??? ia?aaeienaeueiei caniaii: iaeii/anii ye caaaeyee, oae ? a
i?ioeaaao eaoaai??aeueii-iiiyo?eiiio aiae?co oeueiai IAA?AeIIIAI.
I?ea?iaeuei?noue oaeiai ia?aona?aeiieaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui ? Aaoi? ?
Aae?anao, nie?ath/enue ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th A?AeIIIAI c iaaiei eeanii
yaeu, ye ia iaea?eueo o?aaeeoe?eiee can?a inieneaiiy, aeicaieythoue nia?
iaeiaeiai iaaaoeaia a?aeiioaiiy aei i?iaiico. O oeueiio ? neeaaea?oueny
nooue ia?aoai?aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-Aaoi?nueeiai ieneaiiy a
eieaeoeaii-Aae?ania ca aeiiiiiaith oi?ie ??ii?coaaiiy ? noanoaioe??
ae?aeia?/iino?.

Aeieac ?aae?caoe?? ae?aeia?/iino? ca aeiiiiiaith oi?ie ??ii?/i?noue ?
noanoaioe?? ae?aeia?/iino? cae?enith?oueny a 3 aoaie:

– nii/aoeo iaoaoi?e/i?noue ao?a/a? iciaeo /ooo?aiai ?, iaaoaath/e
iciaee aano?aeoiiai, ia?aoai?th?oueny o ciai?oi? caia?a/aiiy oiio ui
aa?aae?co?oueny;

– iio?i ciai?oi? caia?a/aiiy, ao?a/ath/e iciaeo iaoaoi?e/ii? oi?ie ?,
iaaoaath/e iciaee caia?a/aiiy, ia?aoai?th?oueny a oi?io aaaaoicia/iino?,
yea caaeiaieueiy? Iaoeiaa Ni?aoiaa?enoai.

– i?ney oeueiai, oi?ia aaaaoicia/iino?, ao?a/ath/e iciaeo aeinoaoiino?
eaoaai??aeueiiai iiaeyaeo ?, iaaoaath/e iciaee iaaaoeaiiai aei iueiai
a?aeiioaiiy, ia?aoai?th?oueny a ??ii?th — oi?io ieneaiiy, yea
caaeiaieueiy? Iaoeiaa Ni?aoiaa?enoai .

Aeaaaeaiiy yaeua ??ii?/iino? c ae?aeia?/ii? nooiino? ieneaiiy
cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith o?eaaee/ieo oiiaeniiae?a ca?aeii c
Caeiiii Eiaa?aioe??. sse ? a iiia?aaeiueiio ?icae?e? oeae aeniiaie yaey?
niaith o?noue ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e:

1. AEAe?EAIIss NOANOAIOe?? Ae?AEIA?*IINO?. Aeniiaie: aano?aeoia
iia?aoe?y ii??aiyiiy ye noanoaioe?y ae?aeia?/iino? ieneaiiy i?enooiy a
aoaeue-ye?e ieneaii?a?e iia?aoe??.

2. OI?IOAAIIss OssAEAIIss I?I OI?IO EIAA?AIOe??. Aeniiaie: noanoaioe?y
ae?aeia?/iino? i?enooiy a ??ii??.

3. OI?IOAAIIss OssAEAIIss I?I OI?IO ssAEUA ??II?*IINO? ssE
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IIAI IIIssOOss. Aeniiaie: ??ii?y ? oi?ia ae?aeia?/iino?
ieneaiiy.

4. OI?IOAAIIss OssAEAIIss I?I OOIEOe?TH ssAEUA ??II?*IINO? ssE
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IIAI IIIssOOss. Aeniiaie: ??ii?y ye ei?enia aeey
Iaoeiaiai Ni?aoiaa?enoaa oi?ia ieneaiiy Aaoi?a c’yaey?oueny ye ?aei?noue
eiai ?ioa??i?ii? ? yenoa??i?ii? neeaaeiaeo.

5. OCAAAEUeIAIIss OssAEAIUe I?I OI?IO ? OOIEOe?TH ssAEUA ??II?*IINO? ssE
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IIAI IIIssOOss. Aeniiaie: oi?ia ? ooieoe?y ??ii?coaaiiy
ye i?iaiicoaaiiy ia’?aeiai? a iaeiiio iiiyoo?.

6. NEIOAC OssAEAIIss I?I ssAEUA ??II?COAAIIss, ssE I?I
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IA IIIssOOss.

Aeniiaie: ??ii?coaaiiy ye ua iaeia, ianooiia i?ney iaoaoi?ecaoe?? eaiea
i?aai?caoe?? Aaoi?ii i?ioeano inieneaiiy Aae?anaoa, a yeino? yaeua
ae?aeia?/ii? nooiino? ieneaiiy, yaey? niaith oi?ioethaaiiy i?iaiico,
aeeiiaia c a?aooaaiiyi ni?eueiiai ona?aeiieaiiy Aaoi?ii ? Aae?anaoii
iaaeinoaoiino? iia?oaaiiy eaoaai??aeueiith neeaaeiaith ieneaiiy, oiaoi c
a?aooaaiiyi iaiao?aeiino? aano?aaoaaiiy oi?ioethaaiiy i?iaiico.

CAIA?A*AIIss yaey? niaith ae?oao, i?ney AAe?ANAOe?? NIENEIAO III?O —
ieneaii?ao iia?aoe?th ciyooy noia?a/iino? i?ae ciai?oiueith ?
aioo??oiueith oi?iaie ieneaiiy.

I?ioa, ??aiei ia?acii ye ? iaoaoi?e/i?noue, ??ii?coaaiiy ia i?eeiyoi
Iaoeiaei Ni?aoiaa?enoaii ye o?aaeeoe?eia oi?ia inieneaiiy, a neoaeeoue
eeoa ye ua iaeia c ciai?oiueiiiaieo yaeu, yea ?nio? a yeino? noanoaioe??
— iia?aoe?? ii??aiyiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aeinyaeiiai ?
nioe?aeueii-aeinooiiiai.

O NUeIIIIO ?ICAe?E? “Neioac — o?aoy nieneiaa iii?a i?ioeano
i?iaiicoaaiiy” aeiaiaeeoueny, ui iaoaoi?e/ii neeaaeaiee i?iaiic ia
ia?aoai?eany a oi?io i?iaiicoaaiiy, aeanoeao ieneaiith Iaoeiaiai
Ni?aoiaa?enoaa, ine?eueee iaoaoi?ecaoe?y caeeoa? iaci?iiith no?oeoo?o
oai???. ?ioeie neiaaie ia aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ieneaiith ?noioiee e?ie ii
oeyoo ?icaeoeo. I?e/eia iai?eeiyooy Iaoeiaei ni?aoiaa?enoaii ??ii?? ua
a?eueo i/aaeaeia — caia?a/aiiy naia ii nia? aacie?aeia.

C a?aooaaiiyi aeiia Caeiio Eiaa?aioe?? i?iaeaia iaaeinoaoiino? iii?e ia
Caia?a/aiiy aeey ?aae?caoe?? ae?aeia?/iino? ieneaiiy iiaea aooe
i?aaenoaaeaia ianooiiith aioeiii??th:

caeiie Caia?a/aiiy, ye nieneiai? iii?e i?ioeano ia?aoai?aiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-Aaoi?nueeiai ieneaiiy a ieneaiiy Iaoeiaiai
Ni?aoiaa?enoaa a?aeia?aaea? ?noeio; Caia?a/aiiy iiieeeiaa.

Iio?aaa a ?ica’ycaii? noia?a/iino? aeaco? ia oa, ui i?ae?eoea /a?aa
iiooeo iia?aoe?iiaeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy, caeaoiiai cae?i/eoe aeiaaee
eaioetha ?aae?caoe?? ae?aeia?/ii? nooiino? ieneaiiy. Ci?noiaia aea/aiiy,
ui aeei?enoiao?oueny a i?aeoeoe? i?ciaiiy cania?a oaeiai ia?aoai?aiiy,
cae?eniaia a eiioaeno? oe?eaaey/i? ian i?iaeaiaoeee, aea? iiaeeea?noue
aecia/eoe, ui oaeei ia?aoai?aiiyi ? aeiaaaeaiiy eia?ee i??eoaaiiy aei
noia?a/iino? nai?i ii/aoeiaei caniiaeai, oiaoi aei aano?aeo. O?eueee oea
aeanoue iiaeeea?noue ieneaiith aeeoe ca ?aiee ia?aaeeaie.

Neioac yaey? niaith ?aei?noue Aaoi?nueeiai aano?aaoaaiiy ? Aae?anii?
eiie?aoecaoe?? ? ? inoaiiueith eaieith inoaoi/ii? ?aae?caoe?? i?e?iaeii?
ae?aeia?/iino? ieneaiiy a i?ioean? i?iaiicoaaiiy.

I?iaiic oiai, ui neioac iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaiei a oi?i?
Ia?aaeienaeueiino?, iiaeia ae?aceoe oae:

Ia?aaeienaeuei?noue ? iiina?aaeeiaaia i?ii?aeieie eaieaie ?aei?noue
i?ioeeaaeiinoae — iaiiaeeeaino? neeanoe i?iaiic o aeaeyae? ??ii?? ?
iiaeeeaino? c?iaeoe oea ?ioei oeyoii.

Iiiyooy eiaa?aioe?? iana nooi i?aeoe/io iniiao ? yaey? niaith
ni?aa?aeianaiiy oi?i eiaa?aioe??: noa?i? ? iiai?. O ae?aeaeoe/iiio
cia/aii? oaea ci?oaia oi?ia eiaa?aioe?? a?aeia?aaea? ?aei?noue
e?aeiiu?a, ca aeiiiiiaith yei? eiaa?aioe?y aioo??oiuei? noaeaeaiiy
Aaoi?a ae?aaea?oueny /a?ac eiaa?aioe?th ciai?oiuei? ?? ?aae?caoe?? a
iiiyooyo Aae?anaoa ca aeiiiiiaith ?icai?oaiiy a ae?aeia aano?aeoii?
iia?aoe?? ii??aiyiiy, iac?eii i?enooiuei? o an?o ae?aeaeoe/ieo iiiyooyo
o aeaeyae? noanoaioe??. Oea ?icai?oaiiy yaey? niaith iane?i/aiee ae?aeia
aeaio eia?e inieneaiiy aeayeiai o?aaiaioa ae?eniino?. Iaeia c ieo —
eia?ea oai?aoecoaaiiy, oiaoi a?aeianaiiy oeueiai o?aaiaioa aei ?ic?yaeo
A?AeIIIAI ia iniia? iae?eo iciae eiai noiaeino? c iiiyooyie, ui
cae??ieeeny a na?aeiiino? ye i?aaeiaoe oai???, yea ?icaeaa?oueny
noa’?eoii. ?ioa — eia?ea ia’?eoeaaoe??, oiaoi a?aeianaiiy oeueiai ae
o?aaiaioa ia’?eoeaii? ae?eniino? aei ?ic?yaeo IAA?AeIIIAI, aiane?aeie
ona?aeiieaiiy, oiai, ui iaa?oiooaaiiy noiaeino?, yea aaa/a?oueny ,noa?
ana a?eueo ? a?eueo oi?iaeueiei. Ae?aeia oeeo aeaio eia?e ?icaeaa?oueny
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c? nai?th aeaniith eia?eith, i?ioeeaaeiith oi?iaeuei?e
eia?oe? ? a?aeia?aaea? i?aaiaiiy c?icoi?oe nooi?noue ye noia?a/i?noue
OEssOII IOe?IEE AAeAEAAOIINO? EIA?EE AEANIEO OI?IAEUeIEO I??EOAAIUe.
Aeey caaithaaiiy i?aa ia ?nioaaiiy oaei? ia?aaeienaeueii? eia?ee
i??eoaaiue aoee iio??ai? coneeey aai??a, iai?aaeai? ia ci?io oyaeaiiy
i?i noanoaioe?th aaaeaiiai. Nii/aoeo A??noioaeue eeoa “a?ae??aaa” oea
oyaeaiiy (“ui i?cia? ss”) a?ae i?aaiaiiy caeo/eoeny aei caaaeueiiio
Eiaino. Iio?i Oiia Aea?inueeee ? Ieeiea Eocainueeee ia?ai???iooaaee eiai
ia i?ciaiiy ?aaeueiino? ?, ia?aoo?, coneeeyie Ni?iice, Aaaaey ? Eaioa
aiii ioi?ieeiny a aei?noea i?ioenoiyiiy c Eiainii.

O na?oe? neacaiiai noa? c?icoi?eei, ui oey ioe?iea ? ? ia ui ?ioa ye
iiaoaeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy aeaniiai ?icoi?iiy nai?ie caniaaie aai
i?ino?oa — naiiiaa?oiooaaiiy. O ?acoeueoao? aeoiaeeoue, oi ia?aeiia
iiiyooy, ui a?aeia?aaea? nooi?noue yaeua, iiaea aooe inieneaia o?eueee
oeyoii naiiiaa?oiooaaiiy, oiaoi ca aeiiiiiaith “aeiaaaeaiiy aei
aano?aeo” ae?aeiao aeaio aca?iiia?oioiaoth/eo iaeei iaeiiai eia?e eiai
aeaniiai ?nioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo.

Naia oaeee ae?aeia aea? iiaeeea?noue cae?enieoe nooo?aa ia?aoai?aiiy
aano?aeoii? noaeaeaiiy a eiie?aoio oeyoii o?ainoi?iaoe?? ae?aeia?ee a
oi?iaeueio eia?eo.

Aeaaaeaiiy yaeua ia?aaeienaeueiino? c ae?aeia?/ii? nooiino? ieneaiiy
iiaea aooe cae?eniaiei ia i?eeeaae? ieneaiiy N.E. ?oa?iooaeia, ui
i?eaaei eiai aei oi?ioethaaiiy i?iaiico oiai, ui ? ieneaiiy, o aeaeyae?
iayaii? aioeiii??: “Ieneaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue, i?ioean…”

Aeei?enoaiiy iaoeiaei ni?aoiaa?enoaii oaeiai ia?aaeienaeueiiai
aecia/aiiy ieneaiiy i?ioyaii iaeaea ni?iea ?ie?a, ? ?noioiei aeiaiaeii
ia ei?enoue i?eeiyooy ia?aaeienaeueiino?, ye oi?ie neeaaeaiiy i?iaiico.
Iaeiae, oea aaniethoii iaaeinoaoi? aeey oai?aoeea. Ni?iao?ii ?aae?coaaoe
aeaaaeaiiy ?? ye ae?aeia?/ii? nooiino? ieneaiiy, aeei?enoiaoth/e a?aeiio
iai iine?aeiai?noue ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e:

1. AEAe?EAIIss NOANOAIOe?? Ae?AEIA?*IINO?.

Aeniiaie. Noanoaioe??th ae?aeia?/iino? ? ii??aiyiiy iiiyoue
“ae?yeueiino?” ? “i?ioeano” ye yaeu nooiino? ieneaiiy, ?nioth/eo ie?aii
a?ae iiiyooy ia?aaeienaeueiino?.

2. OI?IOAAIIss OssAEAIIss I?I OI?IO EIAA?AIOe??.

Aeniiaie. Noanoaioe?y ae?aeia?/iino? i?enooiy a ia?aaeienaeueiino?.

3. OI?IOAAIIss OssAEAIIss I?I OI?IO ssAEUA IA?AAeIENAEUeIINO? ssE
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IIAI IIIssOOss.

Aeniiaie. Ae?aeia?/i?noue iaaoaa? oi?ie ia?aaeiena, ui aeicaiey?
cae?enieoe ii??aiyiiy iiaeeeainoae inieneaiiy ieneaiiy a iiiyooyo
ae?yeueiino? a iiiyooyo i?ioeano — iiai?, eaoaai???, ui ca?iaeaeo?oueny
.

4. OI?IOAAIIss OssAEAIIss I?I OOIEOe?TH ssAEUA IA?AAeIENAEUeIINO? ssE
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IIAI IIIssOOss.

Aeniiaie. Ia?aaeien ye oi?ia ieneaiiy yaey? niaith ?aei?noue eiai
?ioa??i?ii? ? yenoa??i?ii? neeaaeiaeo. Yenoa??i?ia neeaaeiaa yaey?
niaith neeaaeio oi?io eiaa?aioe??, yea ?aeaioeo?eo?oueny a na?aeiiino? c
iiaeeea?noth ci?ie a?aeiioaiiy aei ia’?eoa inieneaiiy, a cia/eoue — c
?icaeoeii. ?ioa??i?ia neeaaeiaa a?aeia?aaea? ae?aeaeoeeo ai?ioueae
iiiyooy c naiei niaith, ye ia’?eoa i??eoth/i? eia?ee c ia’?eoii ?ioi?
iac?icoi?ei? eia?ee ?icaeoeo iiae?e, yea i?ioeae?? ?e.

5. OCAAAEUeIAIIss OssAEAIUe I?I OI?IO ? OOIEOe?TH ssAEUA
IA?AAeIENAEUeIINO? ssE Ae?AEAEOEEI EIA?*IIAI IIIssOOss.

Aeniiaie. Oi?ia ? ooieoe?y ia?aaeienaeueiino? ye i?iaiicoaaiiy
ia’?aeiai? a iaeiiio ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiio iiiyoo?: yenoa??i?ia
neeaaeiaa noanoaioe?? (ii??aiyiiy noa?iai iiiyooy c iiaeeea?noth
aaaaeaiiy iiaiai iiiyooy) ? ?ioa??i?ia neeaaeiaa (ae?aeaeoeea ai?ioueae,
oiaoi eia?ea ?icaeoeo). Ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ia iiiyooy iiaea aooe c?icoi?ea
eeoa ye noia?a/i?noue i?ae aeaiia eia?eaie — eia?eith, ui nie?a?oueny ia
A?AeIIA, oiaoi ia i/aaeaeiee i?aaeeeao ? iiaith, ua ia i?i?iaeaiith
eia?eith, aea yea ia? an? canaaee ia ?nioaaiiy, ui ia iaio ia?aeiieeai
ia?oioiao? i???ioaoe?th ia oa, ui i/aaeaeia ? IAA?AeIIA.

6. NEIOAC OssAEAIIss I?I ssAEUA IA?AAeIENAEUeIINO? ssE I?I
Ae?AEAEOEEI-EIA?*IA IIIssOOss.

Aeniiaie. I?aeo?ae aei ieneaiiy ye aei ai?ioueae aeaio eia?e, iaeia c
yeeo iai?aaeaia ia aano?aaoaaiiy, a ?ioa — ia eiie?aoecaoe?th, aea?
iiaeeea?noue, ye iai oyaey?oueny, iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoii iiynieoe ? eia?eo
?oa?iooaei?anueeiai “ae/a?iaiiy”, ? iaoai?ci “aiae?co /a?ac neioac”, ui
?ic?iaey?oueny A.A. A?ooe?inueeei. Oae “aeeth/aiiy IAA?AeIIIAI o ana
iia? ca’ycee c A?AeIIEI, caaaeyee /iio aiii aenooia? o ana iiaeo
yeinoyo” ? a ?acoeueoao? /iai iinooiiai ia?aoai?th?oueny a A?AeIIA — oea
o?eueee iaeia noi?iia ieneaiiy. ?ioa eiai noi?iia iieyaa? a oiio, ui
iaeii/anii c oeei, oea “aeeth/aiiy” a?aee?eaa? oae? iia? yeino? oiai, ui
aaaaea?oueny A?AeIIEI, ui aiii ia?aoai?th?oueny a IAA?AeIIA. Oaeo
aca?iiaeeeth/ath/o ?aei?noue oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ? i?iaeaiiiai,
eiie?aoiiai oa aano?aeoiiai, ona?aeiieaiiai ? oiai, ui ia
ona?aeiieth?oueny N.E. ?oa?iooaei iacaaa “i?ioeanii”, ui iiaeia
o?aeooaaoe ye ae?yeuei?noue, iai?aaeaio a IAA?AeIIA, aaci?aaeiaoiee
iiooe oiai, ui noaia A?AeIIEI eeoa oiae?, eiee aoaea ciaeaeaii. ?ioeie
neiaaie, a?i canoinoaaa aei aea/aiiy ieneaiiy ae?aeaeoe/iee i?aeo?ae,
iaeiae, ine?eueee i?eeoia aei oeueiai ?ioo?oeaii, oi ia aeia?a oeth
naith ?aeath aei eia?/ii? caaa?oaiino?, ia iaaeaa ?e noaoon
iaoiaeieia??. O ?acoeueoao? eia?ea ae?aeaeoeee aai ae?aeia?ea, ui yaey?
niaith nooi?noue ieneaiiy, ye i?ioeano, naii?nioaaiiy yeiai
aecia/a?oueny aeeeth/ii eiai aeoiaeaie ca aeani? iaae?, a ae?yeuei?noue,
ia aoea iei inoaoi/ii inieneaia ? aeiaaaeaia aei a?aeiia Iaoeiaiai
Ni?aoiaa?enoaa. ?aeay ae i?i oa, ui i?ioean ieneaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue
ieneaiiy, caa?iaiiai ia naiiai naaa, yea yaii i?inooia? a eiai ?iaio?,
oae ? ia ia?iaeeeany. sseae oea aoei iei c?iaeaii, oi, c’yaeeany a ?
iniiaa cae?enieoe oinoo ieneaii?ao iia?aoe?th — yenoa??i?ecaoe?th
neioaco oyaeaiue i?i oi?io ? ooieoe?th ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/iiai iiiyooy
oiai, ui oaea ieneaiiy. Yenoa??i?ecaoe?y ye?ac ? i?aaenoaaeea a
ae?aeia?/io nooi?noue ieneaiiy o aeaeyae? neeaaeiiai ?? yaeua, caaiiai
ia?aaeienaeuei?noth. Naia ia?aaeienaeuei?noue ? iaea?eueo eiaa?aioiei
aecia/aiiyi ieneaiiy ye i?ioeano ine?eueee c iaeiiai aieo — aoaeue-yea
eiai ni?iaa ?aae?coaaoeny a ae?yeueiino?, a?ae?aco i?eaiaeeoue aei oiai,
ui aiii noa? AAEA IA IENEAIIssI, a eeoa iaei??th c a?eueo aai iaio
aaeaeeo eiai ni?ia aeeoe ca aeani? iaae?. C ?ioiai aieo ia ?aae?coaaoe
oeth iiaeeea?noue ieneaiiy oaeiae ia iiaea, ine?eueee oiae? i?inoi
i?eiee ia ii/iaoueny, a caeeoeoueny eeoa a iioaioe??, oae ae iiaeoe UA
IA IENEAIIssI. ?ioeie neiaaie a ae?aeaeoe/iiio cia/aii? ieneaiiy ia
yaeuiiio ??ai? ? eiioe?eo i?ae iaiiaeeea?noth ? iaiao?aei?noth UA IA
IENEAIIss ia?aoai?eoeny a AAEA IA IENEAIIss. Oeae eiioe?eo, ca?aeii ?c
caeiiaie ae?aeaeoeee, ? ? canoaaith ?aeiino? aeaio aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo
iaeei iaeiiai iniia ieneaiiy: ae?yeueiino? ? i?ioeano. A?aeiia?aeii aei
iueiai ieneaiith, ye ae?yeueiino? ia?aaeaa/a? ?icaeyae ieneaiiy ye
i?ioeano, ai eeoa a iueiio ia?iaeaeo?oueny eiai iioea, — iaaeinooiia
ieneaiith, ye ae?yeueiino? noii?a a ?noeiiino? i/aaeaeiiai. O naith
/a?ao ieneaiiy ye i?ioean c ia iaioith iaiao?aei?noth ia?aaeaa/a?
?icaeyae eiai ye ae?yeueiino?, ine?eueee naia ae?yeuei?noue ? o??th
noa?ith, aea iiaea aeyaeoeny aeoeai?noue noa’?eoa ieneaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, ia?aaeienaeuei?noue, ye ua iaeia yaeua ae?aeia?/ii?
nooiino? ieneaiiy, yaey? niaith iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiee, a ii??aiyii? c
iaoaoi?ecaoe??th ? ??ii?coaaiiyi, can?a ?? ?aae?caoe?? a oiae?
i?iaiicoaaiiy ca ?aooiie ia’?aeiaiiy aano?aaoaaiiy ? eiie?aoecaoe?? a
?aeeiiio i?ioean? IIOOEO IAA?AeIIIAI. I?aeoe/ii oea ?aae?co?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith ae?aeiao i?ae aeaiia aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eie iaeia iaeio
eia?eaie ?icaeoeo iaoeiaiai iiiyooy.

NEIOAC yaey? niaith o?aoth NIENEIAO III?O — ieneaii?ao iia?aoe?th, yea
inoaoi/ii, i?ney AAe?ANAOe?? ? CAIA?A*AIIss, ci?ia? noia?a/i?noue i?ae
aioo??oiueith ? ciai?oiueith oi?iaie ieneaiiy.

Oi/ Iaoeiaa Ni?aoiaa?enoai iiee ua ia i?eionea? iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy
Ia?aaeienaeueiino? a yeino? caniao ?aae?caoe?? ae?aeia?/iino? ieneaiiy,
oie oaeo, ui iii?a ia ia? a i?ioean? neeaaeaiiy i?iaiic?a ?
i?a?iaaoeaith aai??a, na?ae/eoue, ui ?e iaaeiaai caeeoeeiny ?nioaaoe
eeoa o aeaeyae? iin?y noanoaioe?? ae?aeia?/iino?.

A ?acoeueoao? iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui a ?aieao a?aeiinei
Aaoi?noaa ? Aae?aniaaiino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueia ieneaiiy ?ai?oa, i?ae noaia
ieneaiiyi Iaoeiaiai Ni?aoiaa?enoaa i?ioiaeeoue o?e aoaie o?ainoi?iaoe??,
ui i?eaiaeeoue eiai aei nooo?aiai ia?aoai?aiiy. Eiaeiee c aoai?a oaeiai
oi?iiia?aoai?aiiy ia? na?e yaeuiee oa?aeoa?, ui aeaiaeeoueny c nooo?aiai
?icoi?iiy cia/aiiy eiai ?nioaaiiy.

O CAEETH*I?E *ANOEI? aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai i?aeoaa?aeeee a?iioaco ? iieiaeaiiy
aeianai? ia caoeno, ye? aeicaieythoue aaaaeaoe, ui iaoa aeinyaiaia. Ooo
aea i?noyoueny aeniiaee:

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeieeiaiiy oi?iaeueii-eia?/ii? noia?a/iino? a oiae?
ieneaiiy ? ia iieacieeii eiai iiieeeiaino?, a iciaeith ia?aoiaeo
ieneaiiy ia ye?nii a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue a?aeia?aaeaiiy. ?ica’ycaiiy
oe??? noia?a/iino? cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith iniaeeaeo ieneaii?aeo
iia?aoe?e, ui ii?aeiothoue a nia? eiai oi?io ? ci?no.

2. Iiaeeea?noue ?ica’ycaiiy oi?iaeueii eia?/ii? noia?a/iino? ca
aeiiiiiaith oeeo ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e iaa?oioiaaia ca ?aooiie
ia?ano?oeoo?oaaiiy cania?a ioi?ieaiiy ci?noo aaaeaiiai c a?aooaaiiyi
aaaaeaieo a aeine?aeaeaii? iniaeeaiai ?iaeo iiiyoue, aeoiie ? aeniiae?a
? ca?aeii ?c cai?iiiiiaaiei caeiiii ?o aca?iiia?aoai?aiue.

3. No?oeoo?a i?aai?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy, cayaeaia iaoiaeieia?y, oi?ie
i?aai?caoe?? aeniiae?a, a oaeiae io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe neoaeaoue aeieacii
oiai, ui ia?ano?oeoo?oaaiiy, ui i?iiiio?oueny, aea? ?aaeueio
iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeiae aea?aeii? oai??? ineoieia?? ieneaiiy, yea
aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe ? oi?ioethaaoe i?iaiic aeeeth/ii ?? caniaaie,
iacaeaaeii a?ae aii??e/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ii/aoeiaeo caniiaie

4. Aeieacii ni?aaaaeeeaino? ae?aeaeoe/ieo iiaeyae?a, ui ?icaeaathoueny
neoaeeoue oa, ui aiie i?aeaiaeyoue oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy i?ae
?ioo?oeaii aeei?enoiaaiee N.E. ?oa?iooaeiii i?eioeei naiiaecia/aiiy
ii/aoeiaiai iiiyooy ineoieia?? ieneaiiy, ui yaey? niaith canoaao
?aeiino? aeaio aca?iiaeeeth/ath/eo eiai iniia — ieneaiiy ye ae?yeueiino?
? ieneaiiy ye i?ioeano. Oea iineoaeeei iniiaith aeey aeei?enoaiiy
iiiyooy ia?aaeienaeueiino? o yeino? iaea?eueo eiie?aoiiai aecia/aiiy
nooiino? ieneaiiy.

5. Oai?aoe/ii ia?oioiaaii, ui naia ?icoi?iiy nooiino? ieneaiiy, ye
ia?aaeienaeueiino?, ii?iaeaeo? aca?iiaeeeth/ath/ee aieea iaeei ia iaeio
oi?ie ? ci?noo aaaeaiiai, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ?icaeyaeaoe ieneaiiy ye
eiioe?eo i?ae ?nioth/ei ia ia?aaeaa?aaeueiiio ??ai? UA IA IENEAIIssI ?
AAEA IA IENEAIIssI, ui coieieeiny a?ae?aco i?ney aa?aae?caoe??.

6. Ae?aeaeoe/iee i?aeo?ae aeicaieea caanoe a ?aeeia iiiyooy ?, oei
naiei, cae?enieoe i?aeeii ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue ona?aeiieaiiy
i?ioeanoaeueieo ? ae?yeueiinieo iaoai?ci?a ieneaiiy, ui aeicaieeei ciyoe
inaaaeii?iaeaio oiai, yeei /eiii aiii ii/eia?oueny ? ye cae?i/o?oueny.
Ia?aaeienaeueia nooue ieneaiiy ye ?ac ? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiii caaaeaee
ooieoe?iio? ? i?eiee ia cae?i/o?oueny, iacaaaeath/e ia oa ui aoaeue-yea
eiai ni?iaa ?aae?coaaoeny a ae?yeueiino? i?eaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui aiii
a?ae?aco noa? AAEA IA IENEAIIssI, a eeoa iaei??th c a?eueo aai iaio
aaeaeeo ni?ia aeeoe ca aeani? iaae?. Ia aeei?enoaoe oeth iiaeeea?noue
aiii oaeiae ia iiaea naia aiane?aeie nai?? ia?aaeienaeueiino?, ine?eueee
oiae? i?eiee ia ii/iaoueny, a caeeoeoueny eeoa a iioaioe??, oae ae
iiaeoe UA IA IENEAIIssI.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeioe?eueii i?iaeiaaeeoe a ianooiieo iai?yiao:

1. ?iciianthaeeoe i?aeo?ae, ?ic?iaeaiee ? aeei?enoaiee a
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeey aiae?co iaoeiaiai ieneaiiy, ia
aiae?c ieneaiiy acaaae? c iaoith aea/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

2. Ia iaiaaeoaaoeny a oi?ioethaaiiyo i?aaeiaoa, iaoe ? caaaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiue eeoa aaeoccth iaoeiaeo iiooe?a.

3. Ia?aaeaa/eoe a?aee?eo?noue oai???, ui i?iaeiaaeo? ?ic?iaeyoeny. ii
a?aeiioaiith aei aeei?enoaiiy ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e, ia iia’ycaieo c
iii?iaoeaiith ooieoe??th iia.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaiee a oaeeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo aaoi?a:

1. Naiieeia A.A. Oai?aoe/aneea i?iaeaie eiaeei-ineoieiae/aneiai aiaeeca
iuoeaiey.— Caii?iaeuea: “?EI Aeaeaaaoeue”, 1997.— 167n.

2. Naiieeia A.A. Iao/iue iaoiae ineoieiaee iuoeaiey.— Caii?iaeuea:
TH?eaee/aneee einoeooo IAAe Oe?aeiu, 1998.— 43n.

3. Naiieeia A.A. Ineoieiaey iuoeaiey: o?aaiaaiey e oai?ee.— Caii?iaeuea:
TH?eaee/aneee einoeooo IAAe Oe?aeiu, 1998.— 51n.

4. Naiieeia I.?, I?oaeeaon A.TH., Aeooaeei A.I. TH?eaee/ia ineoieia?y
aeey ne?ae/iai oa ae?ciaaa/a.— Caii??aeaey: CTH? IAN Oe?a?ie, 1998.

5. Naiieeia I.?. I?i iaeio c ineoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ia?aoiaeo a?ae
neooaoe?? aei caaea/? // Ineoieia?y.— E., 1980.— Aei.19.— N.17-22.

6. Naiieeia A.A. I?iyaeaiey i?eau/iie aeoeaiinoe noauaeoa i?e ioeaiea ei
neooaoeee ?acee/iie neiaeiinoe // Iiaua enneaaeiaaiey a ineoieiaee.— I.:
AII NNN?.— 1982.— ? 1(26).— N.24-28.

7. Naiieeia A.A. Ia iaeiie iniaaiiinoe iienea iaecaanoiiai a i?ioeanna
iuoeaiey // Oai?aoe/aneea e yenia?eiaioaeueiua i?iaeaie ineoieiaee a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo: Oacenu aeieeaaeia e VII nuacaeo Iauanoaa
ineoieiaia NNN?.— I., 1989.— N.95-96.

8. Naiieeia A.A. Ineoieia?/i? aeaoa?i?iaioe a i?ioean? ni?eeoaaiiy //
Ineoieia?/ia iaoea: i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae: Oace Ananithcii?
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 90-eaoeth a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?eniiai
/eaia AII N?N? A.N. Einothea. *.II.: I?ciaaaeuei? i?ioeane, iaa/aiiy ?
ineo?/iee ?icaeoie.— E., 1990.— N.119-120.

9. Naiieeia A.A. I?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy ia?aeiieeaino? aeneiaethaaiue o
i?ioean? iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy // Ineoieia?y.— E., 1992.— Aei.38.—
N.27-33.

10. Naiieeia A.A. Iaoaoi?e/aneia iuoeaiea e iiieiaiea // E i?ia?anno a
yeiiiieea /a?ac i?ia?ann ia?aciaaiey: oacenu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioeee.— Caii?iaeuea: CAO, 1992.— N.4-5.

11. Naiieeia A.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea e oi?ioee?iaaiea iunee: iiene niiniaia
aeinoeaeaiey oaaaeeoaeueiinoe auneacuaaiey // Aniaeou oieaa?neoaonueeie
iiaeaioiaee o/eoaey / Cai?iee iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneeo o?oaeia.—
Caii?iaeuea: CAO, 1992.— N.11-24.

12. Samojlov A.J. Proba wykorzystania konfliktu miedzy opisem i
rozumieniem w nalu organizacji procesu nauczania doroslych // Oswiata
doros lych jako ruch spoleczny. Materialy z konferencji miedzynarodowej.
Wroclaw-Karpacz, 16-19 pazdziernik 1990.— Wroclaw, 1992.— S.279-288.

13. Naiieeia I.?. Oi?ioaaiiy ? oi?ioethaaiiy noaeaeaiiy a i?ioean?
iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao // No/ani? oaoiieia?? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoaey-i?aaeiaoieea aei i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?: oace aeiiia?aeae ?
iia?aeiieaiue ?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? ? i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??.— Caii??aeaey, 1992.— N.12-13.

14. Naiieeia A.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea e oi?ioee?iaaiea iunee a i?ioeanna
?a/aaiai aicaeaenoaey // Iae?ao?ea o nenoai? ineoieia?/ieo ciaiue: oace
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? 15-16 ea?oiy 1993 ?.— E., 1993.—
N.79-80.

15. Naiieeia I.?. Ineoieia?/iee niene ??ii?coaaiiy o i?ioean?
ni?eeoaaiiy // Oe?a?inueea ineoieia?y: no/aniee iioaioe?ae. Iaoa??ae?
/aoaa?oeo Einotheianueeeo /eoaiue.— E., 1996.— N.57-63.

16. Naiieeia I.?. Eia?ea ? ineoieia?y ieneaiiy // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue CTH? IAN Oe?a?ie.— Caii??aeaey, 1998.— N.162-172.

17. Naiieeia I.?. I?i ineoieia?th ia?aoiaeo a?ae eia?ee aei ae?aeia?ee
ieneaiiy // Eoeueoo?ieia?/iee oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aniaeoe
aoiai?caoe?? ina?oe: Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee ca??iee.— E., 1998.— N.118-128.

18. Naiieeia I.?. I?i eia?eo oa ae?aeia?eo ieneaiiy //
Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueii-i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?:
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.— Caii??aeaey, 1998.— Aei.10.— N.201-214.

Naiieeia I.?. Iniiae eia?ei-ineoieia?/ii? oai??? ieneaii?aiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy.— ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaith aeieoi?a ineoieia?/ieo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 19.00.01 — caaaeueia ineoieia?y ? ?noi??y
ineoieiaee.— ?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,
1998.

I?iaeaia oai?aoecaoe?? ieneeiiai caoiaeeoue a ooiee ?c-ca o?aaeeoe?eii
ni?iuaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i o?ae i?ciaiiy. O iniia? oeueiai oyaeaiiy
eaaeeoue i???ioaoe?y ia cae/io aeey ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?icoi?iiy eia?/io
?ioa?i?aoaoe?th ae?eniino?. Iaeiae, iacaaaeath/e ia i/aaeaeio
iaiaaeai?noue oaei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, no/aniee aoai eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai
?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa ia ia?aaeaa/a? ?ioiai niiniao i?aai?caoe??
i?ciaiiy. C a?aooaaiiyi oeueiai, aaoi? aeoiaeeoue c ?aea? iaiao?aeiino?
ona?aeiieaiiy a?aeiiniino? eia?/iiai no?oeoo?oaaiiy ciaiiy. Oea
aeicaieeei eiio noai?eoe aio/eo nenoaio i?aai?caoe?? oai?aoe/ieo
i??eoaaiue, a ye?e c eia?/ia eiinoeoothaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeaeueoa
nieneiaa ia?ano?oeoo?oaaiiy. O ?acoeueoao? iei noai?aia aoaeoeaia
iiiyo?eia nenoaia, ui aeicaiey? ia o?eueee ona?aeiieoe nooue i?ioeano
i?iaiicoaaiiy ? oi?ioaaoe ? oi?ioethaaoe eiai oai?aoe/ii, oiaoi aac
caa?iaiiy aei aii??e/iiai aeina?aeo, a eeoa ia iniia? noi?ioeueiaaieo
iiiyoue, anoaiiaeaieo i?aaee iia?oaaiiy ieie ? aeaaaeaieo caeii?a
i?aai?caoe?? aeniiae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nooi?noue, noanoaioe?y, oi?ia, cia/aiiy, nieneiaa
iii?a, ae?aeia?ea, oi?iaeueii-eia?/ia iiiyooy, ae?aeaeoeei-eia?/ia
iiiyooy, ?aei?noue eaoaai??aeueii? oa iia?aoe?iiaeueii? neeaaeiaeo
ieneaiiy, ieneaii?aa iia?aoe?y.

Naiieeia A.A. Iniiau eiaeei-ineoieiae/aneie oai?ee ieneeoaeueiiai
i?iaiice?iaaiey.— ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a ineoieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.01 — iauay ineoieiaey, enoi?ey ineoieiaee.—
Einoeooo ineoieiaee ei. A.N. Einothea AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Ineoieiaey iuoeaiey, eae e ethaay ae?oaay iaoea, aeieaeia i?ieoe a
naiai ?acaeoee aeaa yoaia — yoai yiie?ee, aeathuee aiciiaeiinoue
oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiiai iauyniaiey aa iauaeoa — iaoaiecia i?iaiice?iaaiey,
e yoai oai?ee, iicaieythuee iniciaoue nouiinoue i?iaiice?iaaiey, eae
i?ioeanna, e oai?aoe/anee, oi anoue, auoaniea eiooeoeaiua aeeth/aiey
ianoieueei, ianeieueei yoi iicaieyao naeaeaoue iniciaiea ia?aie/aiinoe
i?aeoe/aneiai e oai?aoe/aneiai iiuoa, noi?ie?iaaoue e noi?ioee?iaaoue
iiiyoea i iai, eae i nianoaaiiii i?aaeiaoa.

Niciaiea io?aaeaao aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue a oie noaiaie, a eaeie yoi
iicaieyao aio naeaeaoue eiathuayny a ?anii?yaeaiee oai?aoe/aneiai
iuoeaiey nenoaia n?aaenoa ioi?ieaiey niaea?aeaiey iuneeiiai,
aeeth/athuay a naay iiiyoey, noaeaeaiey, oiicaeeth/aiey, i?aaeea eo
iino?iaiey e caeiiu, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?uie yoe i?aaeea oi?ie?othony.
N eaaeaeui iineaaeothuei oaaii oniaa?oainoaiaaiey yoie nenoaiu
enoeiiinoue oi?iaeueiiai auaiaea, i?aoaiaeothuaai ia iieiioo io?aaeaiey
niaea?aeaiey iuneeiiai, ana iaiueoa ioaeaeaaony a iiaeoaa?aeaeaiee
i?aeoeeie e ana a aieueoae noaiaie ii?aaeaeyaony oi?iaeueiie
niaeaniaaiiinoueth i?aaeeiaeaiee. Iaeiaei i?iaeaia oai?aoecaoeee
iuneeiiai caoiaeeo a ooiee ec-ca o?aaeeoeeiiii oi?iuaiiiai
i?aaenoaaeaiey i oiaea iiciaiey. A iniiaa yoiai i?aaenoaaeaiey eaaeeo
i?eaioaoeey ia i?eau/ioth aeey ?aoeeiiaeueiiai iiieiaiiey eiae/aneoth
eioa?i?aoaoeeth aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Iaeiaei oi?iaeueiay eiaeea ia
ia?aaeaao anth iieiioo niaea?aeaiey iuneeiiai, iineieueeo aa oeao?u
ecia/aeueii ia i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey io?aaeaiey i?ioeai?a/eaie nouiinoe
iuoeaiey. Iie aaniethoiu ii oi?ia, oi anoue i?ecaaiu neoaeeoue aeey
iaoa?eaeecaoeee eeoue i?yiiai cia/aiey iuneeiiai. Oai ia iaiaa, ianiio?y
ia i/aaeaeioth ia?aie/aiiinoue oaeie eioa?i?aoaoeee, nia?aiaiiue yoai
eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey iauanoaa ia i?aaeiieaaaao eiiai
niiniaa i?aaiecaoeee iiciaiey. N o/aoii yoiai aaoi? enoiaeeo ec eaeae
iaiaoiaeeiinoe iniciaiey ioiineoaeueiiniinoe eiae/aneiai
no?oeoo?e?iaaiey ciaiey. Yoi iicaieeei aio nicaeaoue aeaeoth nenoaio
i?aaiecaoeee oai?aoe/aneeo ?annoaeaeaiee, a eioi?ie eiae/aneia
eiinoeooe?iaaiea i?aaeiieaaaao aeaeueiaeoaa niuneiaia
ia?ano?oeoo?e?iaaiea a oai?eth, aaeaeaaoioth ?aaeueiiio i?ioeanno
oi?ie?iaaiey e oi?ioee?iaaiey i?iaiica a oneiaeyo nouanoaiaaiey
i?ioeai?a/ey iaaeaeo eaoaai?eaeueiie iinueeie e oaeoii yiie?ee. Yoi
i?ioeai?a/ea ?ac?aoaaony iia?aoeeiiaeueiui iooai iaoiaeii o?eaaee/aneeo
oiicaeeth/aiee ia iniiaa aaaaeaiiuo a eneaaeiaaiee iniaiai ?iaea
iiiyoee, noaeaeaiee, oiicaeeth/aiee, iacuaaaiuo aeeaeaeoeei-eiae/aneeie,
e a niioaaonoaee n i?aaeeiaeaiiui caeiiii eo acaeiii?aa?auaiey. A
niioaaonoaee n yoei caeiiii, iacaaiiui caeiiii Eiaa?aioeee,
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue iuneeoaeueiuo iia?aoeee ii oi?ie?iaaieth e
oi?ioee?iaaieth i?iaiica neaaeoao ?aniao?eaaoue eae yaeaiea
aeeaeaeoe/aneie nouiinoe iuoeaiey, a oiaea eioi?iai inouanoaeyaony
neioac acaeiieneeth/athueo iinueie a nioeeaeueii i?eaieaioth, ii
oneiaioth oi?io eceiaeaiey iunee. Iniciaiea oneiaiinoe oi?iu iuneeiiai
eiaao ianoi ec-ca oiai, /oi a oiaea iaai a ea/anoaa iaaeaeeiiai e
iaeciaiiiai yae?a aeeaeaeoe/aneie nouiinoe iuoeaiey noanoaioeeaeueii
i?enoonoaoao iia?aoeey n?aaiaiey icia/aaiiai n oai, /oi eiaaony a aeaeo.
Naia aea oi?ia i?iaiica a oiaea neioaca acaeiieneeth/athueo iinueie
i?aoa?iaaaao o?ieiia iia?aoeeiiaeueii-niuneiaia i?aia?aciaaiea. Ia
ia?aii yoaia yoiai i?aia?aciaaiey eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-aaoi?neee Niune
iiaaoeee aae?anii oi?ioee?oaony a oi?ia iaoaoi?u — aeaiiino?e?oy, oai
naiui, iiceoeaiia ioiioaiea e eniieueciaaieth aiaoiae (eaoaai?eaeueiie)
oi?iu. Ia aoi?ii yoaia — aae?anii-i?eaioe?iaaiiay oi?ioee?iaea i?iaiica
eeoaaony i?eciaea eiie?aoeee — oi?ioee?oynue a aeaea e?iiee e
aeaiiino?e?oy, oai naiui, oaea iaaaoeaiia ioiioaiea e eniieueciaaieth
aiaoiae (eaoaai?eaeueiie) oi?iu. Ia o?aoai yoaia — aano?aeoiue i?iaiic
anooiaao a i?ioeai?a/ea n aeiieie?othuae ia?aaeeaiie, i?eia?aoay oi?io
i?ioeai?a/ey iaaeaeo aiaoiae (eaoaai?eaeueiie) e aioo?eiae (eaeaaeueiie)
oi?iaie au?aaeaiey eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-aaoi?neiai niunea iiaaoeee. A
?acoeueoaoa nicaeaia aooaeoeaiay iiiyoeeiay nenoaia, iicaieythuay ia
oieueei iniciaoue nouiinoue i?ioeanna i?iaiice?iaaiey, ii e ia iniiaa
aeeaeaeoeei-eiae/aneeo iiiyoee e iin?aaenoaai aeeaeaeoeei-eiae/aneeo
noaeaeaiee, niiniaii o?eaaee/aneeo oiicaeeth/aiee, oi anoue
oai?aoe/anee, auaanoe iiiyoea, eaeaioe/iia oiio, eioi?a N.E. ?oaeiooaei
iacaae “I?ioeann iuoeaiey” e eioi?ia eiooeoeaii eniieueciaae a ea/anoaa
?iaeiaiai a nenoaia nianoaaiiuo acaeyaeia ia iuoeaiea. ?aaeecoaiue ia
yoie iniiaa iiaeoiae e iuoeaieth eae e aeeaeiao aeaoo eiaee — eiaiee
aano?aae?iaaiey e eiaeee eiie?aoecaoeee aeae aiciiaeiinoue
oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueii iauynieoue eae eiaeeo ?oaeiooaeiianeiai
“au/a?iuaaiey”, oae e iaoaieci “aiaeeca /a?ac neioac”.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nouiinoue, noanoaioeey, oi?ia, cia/aiea, nieneiaay
iii?a, aeeaeiaeea, oi?iaeueii-eiae/aneia iiiyoea, aeeaeaeoeei-eiae/aneia
iiiyoe, aaeeinoai eaoaai?eaeueiie e iia?aoeeiiaeueiie ninoaaeythueo
ieoeaiey, ieneeoaeueiay iia?aoeey.

Alexander J. Samoilov. Meaningful supports of prognostication in the
process of thinking.— Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree in speciality: 19.00.01 — General
Psychology, History of Psychology — G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology
Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, 1998.

The problem of theoretisation is comlicated because of the
traditionally simplified idea about the course of cognition. As a basis
of this idea there is an orientation to the logical interpretation of
the reality which is habitual for the rational comprehension. Still, in
spite of the evident limitation of such interpretation, the modern stage
of the cultural and historical development of the society doesn’t imply
another way of organization of knowledge. Taking into consideration
these statements, the author proceeds from the idea of the necessity of
the perception of the relativity of the knowledge logical structuration.
This allowed him to create the flexible system of the organization of
the theoretical arguments, in which their logical constituion implies
the further meaningful restructuring. As a result, he created the
effective notional system which allows either to realise the essence of
the process of prognostication or to form and formulate it theoreticaly,
that is without appeal to the empirical experience, but only on the
basis of the formulated notions, established rules for operating them
and deduced laws of the conclusions organization.

Key-words: Essence, substance, form, sense, meaningful support, logics,
dialogics, formal and logical notion, unity of the categorical and
operational components of thinking, thinking operation.

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