Організаційно-економічний механізм створення і функціонування спеціальних (вільних) економічних зон в умовах реформування економіки України: Автореф.

EUeA?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

Iaeaae?e Aiia Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 339.477

I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci

noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii a
oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.02.03 — i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy ?

?aaoethaaiiy
aeiiii?eith

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

I a o e i a e e e a ? ? a i e e – ssoeo?a Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/,
eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea.

I o ? oe ? e i ? i i i i a i o e:

Oeiea ?ai? Ieeieaeiae/, aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a;

I?eoea Iaae?y Aiaoie??aia, eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, a?oea-i?aceaeaio
eiiiai?? “Cao?aeo?ainei?aeii”.

I ? i a ? ae i a o n o a i i a a – Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, eaoaae?a iaiaaeaeiaioo ? i?aeia?iaeiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, i.Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_5_” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i _15.20_ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.051.01 Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea ca aae?anith 290008,
i.Euea?a, i?.Naiaiaee, 18.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea ca aae?anith:
i.Euea?a, aoe.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 5.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_4_” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Iai/eoei
N.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie oa nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. A oiiaao
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie i?iaeaia o?ainoi?iaoe??
ieaiiai-aee?aeoeaii? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie o a?aee?eoo ?eieiao iinoaaeea
ia?aae iaoith aea?aeaaith ieoaiiy oaeaeei? cai?ie canoa??ei?
ainiiaea?nueei? no?oeoo?e, ?icaeoeo no/anieo i??i?eoaoieo aaeocae,
c?inoaiiy iioaioe?aeo ?aa?ii?a, iaaeaaiiy ia?aaeiaiai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai
oa i?aai?caoe?eiiai aeina?aeo.

Oe? caaaeaiiy iaiiaeeeai ?ica`ycaoe aac i?enei?aii? ?ioaa?aoe??
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee o na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy
iiaeo oi?i ni?ai?aoe? c ?iicaiieie ia?oia?aie oa aeoea?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano.

Neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i? ? oaeith, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy ieioei??/ieo
oaiaeaioe?e aeathoue ciiao eiinoaooaaoe oaeoe ciaioaiiy ye aioo??oi?o,
oae ? ciai?oi?o aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy. Aeey ?ica`ycaiiy aeaieo i?iaeai
aeioe?eueii caa?iooeny aei oeo cania?a, ye? aeiaaee naith ae??a?noue o
na?oia?e i?aeoeoe? ? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia iaoe?iiaeueieo
oa?aiao.

Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo ?ino?oiaio?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
i?ioeano ? a?euei? aeiiii?/i? ciie (AAC). Aiie ca?aeiiaiaeoaaee naaa a
yeino? aoaeoeaiiai caeo/aiiy aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o ?iaanoeoe?e oa
oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icaeoeo a ?icaeiooeo aea?aeaaao ? a e?a?iao, ui
?icaeaathoueny. Aei oiai ae, aiie iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? aeoeaiino?, caaacia/othoue caeiyo?noue, ca?eueoothoue
a?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai athaeaeaoi? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy, iie?ioothoue
oi?aiaaeueiee ? ieao?aeiee aaeaine.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?cio noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy AAC a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, na?oiaiai aeina?aeo ?acoeueoao?a ?o ae?yeueiino?,
iaaoaathoue aeaaeae? a?eueoi? aeooaeueiino?. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i aino?o
iaiao?aei?noue aeeth/aiiy i?iaeaiaoeee noai?aiiy cii aei iai?yi?a
i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeoeaii? aea?aeaaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. Ia i?aeoeoe?
oea ae?noaei a?aeia?aaeaiiy o caii/aoeoaaii? a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?e?a i?i
AAC o ui??/iee i?ia?aiao ae?e O?yaeo ? i?iaiicao
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie, o aeie?aieaii? iiceoe?e uiaei
oeeo cii o Eiioeaioe?? aea?aeaaii? ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee, a oaeiae a
?nioth/?e caeiiiaeaa/?e aac? ui noino?oueny i?iaeai ?o ?icaeoeo.

?iciaae N?N? oa i?iaieioaiiy Oe?a?ie ye iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae
ni?e/eieee ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c
i?iaeaiaoeee oi?ioaaiiy oa?eoi??e ?c ni?eyoeeaei aeiiii?/iei ?aaeeiii
ae?yeueiino?, aeoiaey/e ye c aeiiii?/ieo, oae ? iie?oe/ieo i??eoaaiue.
I?ioa, eiee noaei c?icoi?ei, ui noai?aiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii —
oea, ianaiia?aae, i?aeaioiaea iaa?oioiaaiiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo, ?
iio?aao? oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoiaii? eiioeaioe??, i?iaaaeaiiy aaeeei?
ia?aae?iaanoeoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeiaaa? cia/ieo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue i?e
oiio, ui aoaeo iiaeia i/?eoaaoe ?ieaie, aeoi??y iaaeiei oeueiai yaeua
iinooiiai niaaea?.

Oiio o i?ioean? ?icaoaeiae AAC a Oe?a?i? aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue
aeio?eioaaoeny aecia/aieo ia aeaiee ia??iae no?aoaa?e oa oaeoeee,
ocaiaeaeaieo ?c caaaeueiiaeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii aea?aeaae. Aeao?oeeoiee
oa?aeoa? aea?aeaaiiai ? i?noeaaeo athaeaeao?a, iaaeioe?euei?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo ia cia/i?e (ca ieiuath oa /enaeuei?noth
ianaeaiiy) oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, iaa?aei?aoeueiaai?noue noai oi?aae?iiy ?
eiio?ieth, a oaeiae iaoai?ci?a ae?yeueiino? AAC aeiaaathoue oei/aniaiai
iaiaaeaiiy ?o noai?aiiy ia oa?eoi??? iaoi? aea?aeaae ? ni?e/eiythoue
iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiaiai inieneaiiy noo? oeueiai yaeua.

Aea/aiith i?ioeano noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo
cii, a oaeiae ie?aieo aniaeo?a ?o ae?yeueiino? i?enay/ai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?yaeo oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo: Aea?aa/iaa A.I.,

Aeie?oiueiai I.?., Ei?iiaoeueeiai ?.-N., Eocuei?ia I.?., Ia?aae??y I.N,
Ieee A.?., ?oi`yioeaaa A.I., Ni?ii? I.I., O?e?iaiea A.N., *ie? I.N.,
Oeiee ?.I. oa ?ioeo. A oeeo ?iaioao iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue oa
aeioe?euei?noue cai?iaaaeaeaiiy AAC a oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy ainiiaea?noaa,
iieacaii oeyoe aaeaioaoe?? na?oiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ?icaeoeo cii aei
iaoe?iiaeueieo oiia, aecia/aii iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy oeeo cii aeey
aeiiii?e ia?ao?aeiiai oeio.

Cia/iee iaoeiaee ? i?ciaaaeueiee ?ioa?an c oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee
noaiiaeyoue ? i?aoe? ?in?enueeeo a/aieo Ai?ii?ia N., Eoci?oeiaa A.,
Nii?iaeeinueei? I., Noaiaiiaa TH., Oeoiaa A. A ?ioeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao
yaeua a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii iio?aieei aei noa?e oaaae iaoee c
na?aaeeie 70-o ?ie?a i?ae /an ?o ao?oeeaiai c?inoaiiy, iniaeeai o
e?a?iao «o?aoueiai na?oo». I?iaeaie ae?yeueiino? AAC ?icaeyaeaeeny ?
?icaeyaeathoueny o i?aoeyo oaeeo ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, ye E. Oaiue/oai oa
*. Oecyiuei?i (Eeoae), ?. Iieoeyo oa A. Eioaai (I?ia//eia), ss.
Iiieaae/ (Iieueua), AE. Aethoai oa A. Aacaeue (O?aioe?y), ?. Aie?i oa A.
Iaiaeaeia?oe (NOA), ?ioeo.

I?ioa na?oiaee aeina?ae noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia iiaea aooe
iaeiicia/ii ia?aianaiee o i?aeoeeo Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. Iaiao?aeii
?ic?iaeoe oaeee iioeiaeueiee iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy ? ae?yeueiino? AAC,
yeee ae a?aooaaa anth niaoeeo?eo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo,
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo oa iie?oe/ieo ia?aaeoiia ?icaeoeo e?a?ie ?
aeicaieea a iaeei?ioo? no?iee aeinyaoe aaaeaieo oe?eae.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
noai?aiiy oa caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii a
Oe?a?i? ia no/aniiio aoai? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Oaea iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeea iinoaiiaeo ? ae??oaiiy ianooiieo
caaaeaiue:

— aecia/aiiy noo? iiiyooy «a?eueia aeiiii?/ia ciia» oa eiai i?noea a
nenoai? ?ioeo aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??e;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aaiethoe?? ?icaeoeo oa i?iaaaeaiiy
?noi?eei-oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co na?oiaiai aeina?aeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy AAC;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? oa aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeoiia oi?ioaaiiy
AAC a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae iaoai?cio i?iaeooaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy
a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii ia i?eeeaae? ?nioth/eo i?iaeo?a AAC a Oe?a?i?;

— ii?aoethaaiiy iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei i?aeaioiaee
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? noai?aiiy
niaoe?aeueii? (a?eueii?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie (OAI AAC) (ia i?eeeaae?
i?iaeoo AAC «?aaee/» o Noa?inaia??nueeiio ?aeii? Euea?anueei? iaeano?);

— ?ic?iaea i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoieo
??oaiue AAC «?aaee/».

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i?
aniaeoe i?ioeano noai?aiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a AAC.

Ia`?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooiathoue ?ic?iaeai? i?iaeoe a?eueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii a Oe?a?i? oa, cie?aia, iieiaeaiiy i?iaeoo AAC «?aaee/».

Oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oaeeo iaoe ye i?aeia?iaeia
aeiiii?ea, ?iaanoeoe?eiee iaiaaeaeiaio, i?aai?caoe?eia i?iaeooaaiiy oa
?i. ?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe, ui noinothoueny ieoaiue noai?aiiy
oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy AAC, a oaeiae io?oe?ei? noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee,
?ic?iaeai? i?iaeoe ii ie?aieo ciiao ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoai? oae? no/ani? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ye
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c, nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae, oaeoi?iee oa noaoenoe/iee
aiae?ce, c?iaeai? aiae?oe/i? ia/eneaiiy iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue oa?eoi??? ?icoaooaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaii?
ciie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ci?no iaoeiai? iiaecie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

— cai?iiiiiaaia caaaeueia noaia ?noi?e/ii? oeiieia?caoe??
aaiethoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo AAC;

— iaa?oioiaai? iieiaeaiiy i?i iaiao?aei?noue, aeioe?euei?noue oa
aoaeoeai?noue noai?aiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii ye aaaeeeaeo
?ino?oiaio?a oi?ioaaiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo oa
aeoea?caoe?? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?;

— cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai aa??aioo oeio AAC a
aeiiii?ei-ainiiaea?nuee?e i?aeoeoe? Oe?a?ie;

— cae?eniaia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aenia?oeca ?nioth/eo i?iaeo?a
a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii a Oe?a?i? ? c?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o
i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe??;

— i?iaaaeaia no?oeoo?ecaoe?y iaoai?cio oai?aoe/ii? ?ic?iaee ?
i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a AAC;

— aecia/ai? caaaeuei? i?eioeeie i?iaeooaaiiy eiie?aoii? a?eueii?
aeiiii?/ii? ciie, ye? eyaee a iniiao ?ic?iaee i?iaeoo AAC “?aaee/” o
Noa?inaia??nueeiio ?aeii? Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Noi?ioeueiaai? a ?iaio?
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iathoue aaaeeeaa
cia/aiiy aeey i?enei?aiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano noai?aiiy
? ooieoe?iioaaiiy AAC a Oe?a?i? ca ?aooiie aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio
?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? ?o i?iaeo?a.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei cae?eniaii o aeaeyae?
i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ?ic?iaee iaeaoo aeieoiaio?a ii i?iaeoo AAC «?aaee/» oa
aei ieaio-i?iaiico nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Noa?inaia??nueeiai
?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano? aei 2001 ?ieo, ye? aoee iiaeai? aeey
?icaeyaeo a oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?ee Noa?inaia??nueei?
?aeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia I?aeia?iaeiiio
e?oiueiio aeiiii?/iiio naiano?? «?ioa?aei» «Oai??y ? i?aeoeea
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa: i?iaeaie aea/aiiy oa aeiiii?/ii? i?ina?oe a Oe?a?i?»
(O?oneaaaoeue, 1996), eiioa?aioe?? Ainueii? iaoeiai? nan?? Aeiiii?/ii?
eii?n?? IOO «Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie: ieioea, no/ania, iaeaooi?»
(Euea?a,1997), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «O?oaeiaee
iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ? eiai ?aae?caoe?y a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee» (Euea?a, 1997), Ca?oi?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (Euea?a, 1999 ).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 12
i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 5,5 ae.a. (iniaenoi aaoi?a — 5 ae.a.),
cie?aia: 8 noaoae o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 2 noaoo? o ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa 2 noaoo? o iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa
aeiaeaoe?a. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 155 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. A?i i?noeoue 9 oaaeeoeue oa 5 ?enoie?a. E??i
oeueiai a ?iaio? iiaeaii nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (170
iaca) oa 14 aeiaeaoe?a, a oiio /ene? iaeia ea?oa.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia? oaeo no?oeoo?o:

Anooi.

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano noai?aiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii.

1.1. Nooue oa eeaneo?eaoe?y AAC.

1.2. ?noi?eei-oai?aoe/iee aiae?c na?oiaiai aeina?aeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy
AAC.

1.3. Aeniiaee aei ia?oiai ?icae?eo

?icae?e 2. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ?ic?iaee i?iaeo?a AAC a
Oe?a?i?.

2.1. Iaiao?aei?noue oa ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii

2.2. I?iaeooaaiiy ye aaaeeeaee i?aai?caoe?eiee aoai o noai?aii?

AAC.

2.3. Aeniiaee aei ae?oaiai ?icae?eo.

?icae?e 3. Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a
a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii.

3.1. No?oeoo?ecaoe?y iaoai?cio ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a

AAC.

3.2. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueii? (a?eueii?)

aeiiii?/ii? ciie (ia i?eeeaae? i?iaeoo AAC «?aaee/» o

Noa?inaia??nueeiio ?aeii? Euea?anueei? iaeano?).

3.3. Aeniiaee aei o?aoueiai ?icae?eo.

Aeniiaee.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

Aeiaeaoee.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O Anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa ?o
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iiaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa
ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? – Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioeano noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii –
eiie?aoeciaaii oai?aoe/iee ci?no iiiyooy «a?eueia aeiiii?/ia ciia»,
aecia/aii eiai i?noea ? cia/aiiy a nenoai? ?ioeo noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo
eaoaai??e.

Aeena?oaio aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui a?euei? aeiiii?/i? ciie ? aaaeeeaei
oaeoi?ii no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue na?oiai? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie o ae?oa?e
iieiaei? OO-ai noie?ooy. Oiio, c ?icaeoeii i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy cii oa
?icoe?aiiyi ?o oe?eueiai? oa ooieoe?iiaeueii? ni?yiiaaiino? iiiyo?eiee
?yae iino?eii c?inoa?. O iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? ?nio? a?eueoa o?eaeoeyoe
??cieo aeao?i?oe?e, ui aecia/athoue nooue oeueiai yaeua.

Aaaaea?ii, ui ni?eueieie aeo?aeieie e?eoa??yie, ye? iaoiiaeththoue
a?aeianaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo aeiiii?ei-ainiiaea?nueeeo no?oeoo? aei a?eueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii, iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe:

— iaiaaeai?noue oa?eoi??e, ia yeeo aiie noai?ththoueny;

— oiiaio aenoa?eoi??aeuei?noue ooai?aiiy a?aeiinii ieoieo ei?aeii?a oa
?iaeeoa?aioi?noue aei oi?aiaiai ?aaeeio i?eeiath/i? aea?aeaae;

— eiie?aoio niaoe?ae?caoe?th cii (ii iaeiiio, aeaio /e aeae?eueeio
iai?yiao ae?yeueiino?);

— ni?yiiaai?noue ia aeoea?caoe?th i?aei?e?iieoeueei? oa
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?;

— aeei?enoaiiy aeey aeaniiai ?icaeoeo ciai?oi?o o?iainiaeo oa ?ioeo
?ano?n?a, a oiio /ene? ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e, ?iicaiieo oaoiieia?e,
iaae/ie ? eoeueoo?e no/aniiai iaiaaeaeiaioo;

— oi?ioaaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa, ye? ? iniiaieie
noa`?eoaie ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? ciie;

— aeaioiaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? i?aei?e?inoaaie AAC a iniiaiiio ia aenii?o,
ui, iaeiae, ia aeeeth/a? ?? aeei?enoaiiy ? ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo
e?a?ie;

— iniaeeaee (ui a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae caaaeueiiai, yeee ?nio? ia
oa?eoi??? aea?aeaae ?icoaooaaiiy ciie) i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaee iaoai?ci
ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?thth/eo noa`?eo?a ciie.

Oaeei /eiii, aeoiaey/e c aeuaaeeeaaeaieo iieiaeaiue oa aiae?co
?nioth/eo aecia/aiue iiiyooy “a?eueia aeiiii?/ia ciia”, aeena?oaioii
aea?oueny aeania o?aeooaaiiy iiiyooy AAC ye iaiaaeaii? /anoeie oa?eoi???
aea?aeaae, ia ye?e anoaiiaeth?oueny, caeiiiaeaa/i cae??ieth?oueny ? ae??
iniaeeaee (niaoe?aeueiee) ?aaeei ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a
c iaoith aeoea?caoe?? aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a oa ?ioaa?aoe?? o na?oiaa
ainiiaea?noai.

Aaaaoiaa??aioi?noue i?aeoiae?a, yea aeyaey?oueny i?e aea/aii? iiiyooy oa
noo? AAC, aeanoeaa oaeiae ? i?aeoiaeai aei ?? eeaneo?eaoe??. Ia iniia?
aea/aiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo, aeei?enoiaoth/e ?ic?iaee a?o/eciyieo
iaoeiaoe?a oa a ?acoeueoao? aaoi?nueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aiae?co
i?iaeoiaaieo AAC a Oe?a?i?, iaie cai?iiiiiaaii ianooiio eeaneo?eaoe?eio
noaio, yea i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?enoieo 1.1.

Eiaeia oi?ia, eiaeai oei a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie ia? nai?
oe?eani?yioaaiiy ? i?e oeueiio iiaea iaoe ??ci? noni?euei? aoaeoe a
??cieo noa?ao canoinoaaiiy.

Oiio, ia iiaeo aoaiao ?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa??
aea?aeaae ia ci?io iaeiei oeiai AAC iiaeii? i?eoiaeeoe ?io?. Aaaiiei
a?aoiaioii i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oeueiai iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co
aaiethoe?eiiai ? no/aniiai ?icaeoeo oeeo oi?ioaaiue o na?oia?e
i?aeoeoe?, ye? ? noaee i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaioa o ia?oiio
?icae?e? aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aiai?youe i?i oa, ui
ia oe? ina?aaeee aeoeaiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa i?eiaaea? iaeaea 8 %
caaaeueiina?oiaiai oi?aiaiai iai?ioo, ui iaaaaaoi a?eueoa ieiu?, yeo
aiie caeiathoue. A oie aea /an ?o /anoea o na?oiaiio ?on? ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e iacia/ia — a?ey 1-3 %. Iaeiae, ae?o/ea a?ae aenii?oo ?o
oiaa??a ia ii/aoeo 1996 ?ieo noaiiaeea 25 ie?ae. aeie., a caeiyo?noue —
a?ey 4 iei. /ie. Ca inoaii? 10 ?ie?a na?aaeiuei??/iee i?e??no
i?iaeoeoe?? a oeeo ciiao neeaa 7-10 % .1

A?aeiii, ui ia ii/aoeo i?ioean?a e?aa?ae?caoe?? aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy,
?eieiaeo oa no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue o ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa?,
??ciiiai?oieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aenia?eiaio?a aaaaoi ?aa?ii?a
Oe?a?ie aeyaeee caoe?eaaeai?noue aei noai?aiiy ia

_____________________________________

1 Ieeeoeia I.A. NYC a no?aiao n ?aciui o?iaiai
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey e eniieueciaaiea eo iiuoa a Oe?aeia
// Ae?eiaee iaeyae. — 1997.- ? 4.- n. 33.

?enoiie 1.1. Oeiieia?y AAC ca oa?aeoa?ieie iciaeaie ? oe?eyie

noai?aiiy

aeani?e oa?eoi??? iniaeeaeo niaoe?aeueieo a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii.

Aea i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai? c oeeo ieoaiue
a?aeeeaaeaeinue c ia`?eoeaieo i?e/ei, aei yeeo ne?ae a?aeianoe
a?aenooi?noue a?aeiia?aeii? caeiiiaeaa/i? aace ? caoaa?aeaeaii? ia
aea?aeaaiiio ??ai? eiioeaioe?? ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee noiniaii
?icaoaeiae a Oe?a?i? AAC, a?aenooi?noue /?oeiai iaoai?cio ?ic?iaee ?
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a ii ciiao.

Ioaea, aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue o aeeaieiio aiae?c? oeeo i?e/ei, uia
oieeiooe iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a ae?yeueiino? cii.

Cie?aia, a ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy-
I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ?ic?iaee i?iaeo?a AAC a Oe?a?i?-
aeaoaeueii ?icaeyiooee iaoai?ci ?ic?iaee i?iaeo?a AAC a Oe?a?i? ia
no/aniiio aoai?. A?aoiaoth/e eiiieaenio ioe?ieo ia?aaeoiia, noaio ?
ia?niaeoea aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie, iaiao?aei?noue iie?auaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo oa aeoea?caoe?? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?,
a oaeiae ?nioth/o i?aaiao aaco, aeena?oaioii a?aoiaioiaaii
iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy ??cieo oei?a a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii a
ie?aieo ?aa?iiao e?a?ie.

Ii/eiath/e c e?ioey 80-o ?ie?a, ca iaoeie i?ae?aooieaie, aei Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie aoei iiaeaii a?eueoa 40 i?iaeo?a uiaei noai?aiiy AAC,
oi/a aei oeueiai /ano ua i? iaeei i?iaeo ia cai?aoethaaa ia iiaio
iiooaei?noue. Ia iniia? aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co ?ic?iaeaieo i?iaeo?a AAC a
Oe?a?i?, aeoiaey/e c ?o iiceoeaieo ? iaaaoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee,
iaa?oioiaaii aaaeeea?noue oa iaiao?aei?noue i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy
a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii. An? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy AAC, ye
i?aaeei, aoaeothoueny ia aeaoaeueiiio ciaii? aioo??oi?o i?iaeai ?
niaoeeo?ee ainiiaea?nueeiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a. Aea/aiiy oeeo i?iaeai
aea? iiaeeea?noue aaoi?o noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iiae?aia ?i?oe?aoeaa ia
noia?a/eoue, a iaaiaee, ? ?aaeueiei iaiiaiaiiyi caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Ocaaaeueithth/e i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae ?iaioe iaae i?iaeoaie ii noai?aiith
a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii o ?iaio? aecia/ai? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i?
aeaiaioe, ye? neeaaeathoue iniiao o i?ioean? ?ic?iaee i?iaeo?a AAC. Oea
— iine?aeiai?noue (aoaii?noue) ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a,
iieacieee (e?eoa???) aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? ciie, aecia/aiiy ??
aaeocaaiai ni?yioaaiiy.

Oaeee i?aeo?ae, ia iao iiaeyae, a?oioo?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? i?eioeeio
oeaenea?eueiino?. A?i aeicaiey? eiie?aoiiio ?aa?iio iaeneiaeueii
nei?enoaoeny nai?i iioaioe?aeii c iaoith i?aeo?eiee aeanii?
eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? ia ?eieo ?iaanoeoe?e.

Oaeei /eiii, neeaaeaiiy i?iaeo?a a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii ia?aaeaa/a?
?ic?iaeo iioeiaeueii? eiia?iaoe?? aa??aio?a neeaaeiaeo
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio.

Aeania, o o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy –
Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a a?eueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii – noi?iiaaii ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei aeei?enoaiiy aeai?eoi
i?ioeano ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a AAC a no/anieo oiiaao. C iaoith
ae a?aei?aoethaaiiy iniiaieo aeaiaio?a caaaeueii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?iaee
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? noai?aiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy AAC (OAI AAC) i?iiiio?oueny ?icaeyae ?? ie?aieo
iieiaeaiue ia i?eeeaae? i?iaeoo eiie?aoii? a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie.

Iaeieie c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeiia aei i?aai?caoe?? a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo
cii, ?, ia iao iiaeyae, iine?aeiai?noue ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoo
ciie (ca o/anoth i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee) a oa’ycoe? c ieaiaie
eiiieaeniiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa?eoi??? oa iaia’yceiaa
i?aeaioiaea oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? noai?aiiy
AAC.

Ie aeoeaioo?ii oaaao ia oiio, ui eiaeia eiie?aoia a?eueia aeiiii?/ia
ciia a i?ioean? naiai noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iiaeiia i?ieoe o?e iniiai?
aoaie: aei?iaanoeoe?eiee, aoai ?iaanooaaiiy oa iia?aoeaiee aoai.
Iaoai?ci iiaoaiii? ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a AAC cia?aaeaii ia
?enoieo 1.2.

Iniiaiei aeaiaioii o no?oeoo?? iaoai?cio i?iaeooaaiiy AAC ? ?ic?iaea
iaeaoo aeieoiaio?a. Oeth ?iaioo ne?ae ?icii/eiaoe eeoa oiae?, eiee ?
aiaaiai?noue o iiaeeeainoyo o?iainoaaiiy aeaiiai i?iaeoo a?o/eciyieie
oa ?iicaiieie ?iaanoi?aie.

Caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo i’yoe a?aeiia?aeieo
aeieoiaio?a uiaei noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueii? (a?eueii?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie:
1) ??oaiiy i?noeaai? ?aaee oa i?noeaai? aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? c
eeiiioaiiyi i?i noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueii? (a?eueii?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie (o
?ac? noai?aiiy ciie ca ?? ?i?oe?aoeaith) aai ienueiiao caiaeo
a?aeiia?aeieo i?noeaaeo ?aae ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a oa i?noeaaeo
aea?aeaaieo aaei?i?no?aoe?e, ia oa?eoi??yo yeeo ia? aooe ?icoaoiaaia
niaoe?aeueia (a?eueia) aeiiii?/ia ciia ( o ?ac? noai?aiiy ciie ca
?i?oe?aoeaith I?aceaeaioa aai Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie); 2) i?iaeo
iieiaeaiiy i?i noaoon, nenoaio oi?aae?iiy oa io?oe?eio iacao
niaoe?aeueii? (a?eueii?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie; 3) oi/iee iien ei?aeii?a
niaoe?aeueii? (a?eueii?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie oa ea?oo ?? oa?eoi???; 4)
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia

?enoiie 1.2. Iniiai? aoaie ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a AAC

iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy niaoe?aeueii?
(a?eueii?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie ;5) i?iaeo caeiio i?i noai?aiiy eiie?aoii?
niaoe?aeueii? (a?eueii?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie.

Iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy ? ae?yeueiino? a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii, ui ?
niaoeeo?/iei o niieo/aii? ie?aieo aeaiaio?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei
eiie?aoiiai ?aa?iio, a oe?eiio iiaea aooe oi?o?eiaaiei ? aeeth/aoe
caaaeuei? aeey an?o cii neeaaeia?: i?iaeoio ?aeath, iiia?aaei?
ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy,
?io?ano?oeoo?ia iaeaoooaaiiy, ?iaanoeoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue oa ?ioa.

Ioaea, aeey oiai, uia ciia ?icaeaaeany ye aeeaa aeeiai?/ia nenoaia, a ??
ae?yeuei?noue i?eiineea aaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe, iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeoe oaeee
aa??aio ?icaeoeo, yeee ae a?aoiaoaaa an? ?? iniaeeaino? ia eiaeiiio
ie?aiiio aoai? noaiiaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Aeniiaee

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaei ciiao c?iaeoe oae? ocaaaeueiaiiy oa
aeniiaee:

1. Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy o cae?eniaii? o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a
aeiiii?/ieo nenoaiao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo a?aeaiaeeoueny iiooeo
iioeiaeueieo oi?i ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ni?ai?aoe?. Aiae?c ?icaeoeo
na?oiainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yce?a ia i?ioyc? OO noie?ooy aiai?eoue i?i
i?ia?aneaio ?ieue niaoe?aeueieo oa?eoi??aeueieo ooai?aiue — a?eueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii — ye eaiae?a aoiaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee a
nenoaio i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei.

2. Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c aaaaoueio aecia/aiue ? eeaneo?eaoe?e AAC
aeicaieea a?aeaeaoe ia?aaaao oa?i?io «a?eueia aeiiii?/ia ciia», yeee
iaea?eueo oi/ii aecia/a? nooue aeaiiai ooai?aiiy. A ?iaio? aea?oueny
aaoi?nueea o?aeooaaiiy a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie ye iaiaaeaii? /anoeie
oa?eoi??? aea?aeaae, ia ye?e anoaiiaeth?oueny, caeiiiaeaa/i
cae??ieth?oueny ? ae?? iniaeeaee (niaoe?aeueiee) ?aaeei ae?yeueiino?
ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a a oe?eyo aeoea?caoe?? aeiiii?ee oa
?ioaa?aoe?? ?? o na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai. ?io? oa?i?ie oa aecia/aiiy
oeueiai iiiyooy aeicaieythoue ooi/ieoe aaea ?nioth/? eeaneo?eaoe?ei?
noaie ? ?icaeyiooe ?o o eiioaeno? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoa.

3. Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iaoai?cio ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo
cii ia iniia? aaeocaai? e?eoa??aeueii? iciaee aeicaieeei ca?oioaaoe AAC
ia i’youe iniiaieo oei?a: ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeuei?,
oi?aiaaeueii-ae?iaie/?, iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?, oo?enoe/i? (aai
oo?enoe/ii-?ae?aaoe?ei?) oa aaie?anueei-no?aoia? (aai ioooi?i?).
Cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y ? iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy
caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo AAC, oi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo aeiia aei aecia/aiiy
oa?eoi??aeueieo iaae ?o ?icoaooaaiiy ? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ieo
i?aeoiae?a aei ?o i?iaeooaaiiy.

4. Aiae?c na?oiaiai aeina?aeo oa aaiethoe?? ?icaeoeo a?eueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii aeiaiaeeoue ?nioaaiiy aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueieo ?
i?inoi?iaeo ?o aa??aoe?e. Oaea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ? ?icai?oaiiy AAC
iia’ycaia c ?o oaeaeeei i?enoinoaaiiyi aei iiaeo ??ciiiai?oieo
aeiiii?/ieo, iie?oe/ieo oa nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oiia ia i?aeia?iaeiiio,
iaoe?iiaeueiiio, ?aa?iiaeueiiio ? eieaeueiiio ??aiyo. Ca inoaii? 20
?ie?a ?nioaaiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii ia oa?eoi??? aea?aeaa c ??ciei
??aiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo /?oei i?ine?aeeiaothoueny oae? oaiaeaioe??,
ye ia?aaaaeia i???ioaoe?th cii ia noai?aiiy aenii?oieo oa
?iii?oicai?iieo ae?iaieoeoa, iaiaaeaiiy ianooaa?a aeei?enoaiiy i?noeaaeo
ne?iaeiieo ?ano?n?a, neaaeeo cai?ioi?o ca’yce?a noa’?eo?a ciie c
i?aei?e?inoaaie i?eeiath/i? e?a?ie, i??i?eoaoi?noue ?icaeoeo
iiiiaaeocoai? no?oeoo?e ae?iaieoeoa o cii?, i?enei?aiiy oaii?a ?inoo
caeiyoino? ia i?aei?e?inoaao aaeocae niaoe?ae?caoe?? AAC, iinooiiaa
ciaioaiiy /anoee i?aei?e?inoa, ui eiio?ieththoueny ?iicaiieie
?iaanoi?aie, c iaeii/aniei c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? ni?eueieo

? iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa, ??no i?iaeaae ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo.

Oai?aoe/ia ona?aeiieaiiy oeeo caeiiii??iinoae ? oaiaeaioe?e ?
aeo?aeiith iniiaith aeey i?ciaiiy iaoai?cio ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiie?aoieo
a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii.

5. Aeoiaey/e c eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ia?aaeoiia, noaio ? ia?niaeoea
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie, c iaoith iie?auaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
ee?iaoo, aeoea?caoe?? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae
a?aoiaoth/e ?nioth/o i?aaiao aaco, a?aoiaioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue
oi?ioaaiiy aaaaoi??aiaai? aeeaa?neo?eiaaii? no?oeoo?e a?eueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii, yea aoaeo?oueny ia iniia? ii?aeiaiiy «noaiaea?oieo» oa
«?iaeea?aeoaeueieo» aeaiaio?a ciiaeueiiai iaoai?cio. O ?iaio?
aeaco?oueny ia oa, ui i??i?eoaoiei i?e aeai?? iioeiaeueiiai oeio AAC a
oiiaao no/aniiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ? i???ioaoe?y ia oi?ioaaiiy
ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo, oi?aiaaeueii-ae?iaie/eo oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
cii.

6. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aeeaieiai aiae?co ?ic?iaeaieo a Oe?a?i?
i?iaeo?a AAC, aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaaii aaaeeea?noue oa iaiao?aei?noue
iiaoaiii? ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? oeeo i?iaeo?a a no/anieo oiiaao. O
oaeiio ieai? i?aai?caoe?eia oi?ia i?iaeooaaiiy a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie
?icaeyaea?oueny ye iniaeeaa oi?ia i?aeaioiaee ? ?aae?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo, yeee aeeth/a? oae? o?e iniiai? aoaie:
aei?iaanoeoe?eiee ia??iae, ia??iae ?iaanooaaiiy oa iia?aoeaiee ia??iae.
I?e /iio, eiie?aoia ?ic?iaea i?iaeo?a AAC a Oe?a?i? ia?aaeaa/a?
ii?aeiaiiy iioeiaeueii? eiia?iaoe?? ??cieo aa??aio?a iniiaieo aeaiaio?a
eiai i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey?
/?oe?oa aecia/eoe iniiai? i?aai?caoe?ei? aoaie ?ic?iaee i?iaeo?a
a?aeiia?aeii aei aaea caoaa?aeaeaieo iaoiaeee i?aeaioiaee OAI AAC.

7. Iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy ? ae?yeueiino? a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii a
oe?eiio iiaea aooe oi?o?eiaaiei ? aeeth/aoe oae? i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee
ye aecia/aiiy i?iaeoii? ?aea?, noai?aiiy ?iai/i? a?oie (i?aai?caoi??a,
aeeiiaaoe?a) aeey ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoo, i?iaaaeaiiy
iiia?aaei?o ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa aea/aiiy iiaeeeainoae
i?aeo?eiee aeaiiai i?iaeoo, ?ic?iaea iaeaoo aeieoiaio?a ii noai?aiith
eiie?aoii? ciie oa caoeno i?iaeoo o aeueo i?aaiao aeaaee, i?iaaaeaiiy
?aeeaiii? ae?yeueiino? oa i?acaioaoe?? ciie ?iaanoi?ai, ?io?ano?oeoo?ia
iaeaoooaaiiy oa?eoi???, a?aea?? i?aaiaie oi?aae?iiy AAC i?aei?e?inoa —
iioaioe?eieo noa’?eo?a ciie oa aecia/aiiy ia?niaeoeaieo i?iaeo?a aeey
?aae?caoe?? o AAC, caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e oa caiiaiaiiy aioo??oiueiai
aeiiii?/iiai i?inoi?o, aaciina?aaeiy ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eo?a AAC
a?aeiia?aeii aei caaaeaiue oa ooieoe?iiaeueii? ni?yiiaaiino? ciie,
i?aeaaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? AAC. Oae? i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee
o eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo iiaeooue ci?ithaaoeny a?aeiia?aeii aei
?nioth/eo oiia.

8. C iaoith a?aei?aoethaaiiy aeai?eoio i?ioeano ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeo?a oa iniiaieo aeaiaio?a caaaeueii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?iaee
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? noai?aiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy AAC, ?icaeyiooi ? i?iaiae?ciaaii oae?
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? caoiaee ia i?eeeaae? ?ic?iaee i?iaeoo
eiie?aoii? a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie «?aaee/» o Noa?inaia??nueeiio
?aeii? Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

9. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co ainiiaea?nueeiai ?icaeoeo oa?eoi???
?icoaooaaiiy AAC «?aaee/» o Noa?inaia??nueeiio ?aeii? aeicaieeee
aeena?oaioo aeyaeoe iniiai? i?iaeaie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o
oa aecia/eoe i??i?eoaoe ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. Cie?aia, oaeeie aaoi?
aaaaea?: caaacia/aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aeaiiai
?aeiio, i?enei?aiiai ia?aoiaeo eiai ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno ia
?eieia? canaaee, ?icai?oaiiy ae?iaie/i? i?ia?aie ii ia?aaacaiith
ianaaee??a ? aaioaae?a, oi?ioaaiiy aenii?oiiai iioaioe?aeo aeey
ca?eueoaiiy eiai aeeaaeo o ?icaeoie aeiiii?ee iaeano? ia iniia?
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aea?aeiiai i?eei?aeiiiiai
aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/iiai ?icoaooaaiiy, ni?eyoeeaeo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo
oiia oa iayaiiai i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/iai ? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. Na?aae
?ioeo i?iaeai aoee aeae?eai?: iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo
? aaeineiiaeaiiy aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio, noai?aiiy
?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua, iayai?noue iacaaaioaaeaieo iiooaeiinoae /a?ac
iacaaeia?eueiee caoo i?iaeoeoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aea?aaiia?iaii?,
iaoeiiaoae?aii? aaeoc?, aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno, iaiao?aei?noue
aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/eo oaoiieia?e, yeino? i?iaeoeoe??; c?inoaiiy ??aiy
aac?ia?ooy /a?ac coieieo iniiaieo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa; iaaoaeoeaia
aeei?enoaiiy iayaieo i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a oiui.

10. Ia iniia? iiia?aaei?o ioe?iie ?nioth/i? ae?iaie/i-nioe?aeueii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e, aeo?aeiiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo
?aeiio, ??aiy caaacia/aiino? eaae?o?eiaaieie eaae?aie oa c a?aooaaiiyi
niaoeeo?ee noai?thaaii? eiiieaenii? AAC «?aaee/» anoaiiaeaii, ui
?nioth/? i?iaeaie iiaeooue aooe ae??oai? /a?ac iaoai?ci noai?aiiy
ianooiieo oi/eiaeo cii o neeaae? aeaii? eiiieaenii? a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii?
ciie: oi?aiaaeueii-ae?iaie/eo, o oi?i? aenii?oii-i?iieneiaeo cii
(«Aeia?iieeue», «Oe??a»); ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueieo, c iciaeaie ieoieo cii
oa cii i?eei?aeiiii? oi?a?ae? («Ni?eueieoey», «Ieaeaieiae/?»);
oo?enoe/ii-?ae?aaoe?eii? ciie «Nia??/ea».

11. ?icaeyioo? ? i?iaiae?ciaai? ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy OAI AAC «?aaee/»
aeathoue ciiao aiai?eoe i?i ?nioth/? ni?eyoeea? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaieo oi/eiaeo cii. Aei ieo iiaeia a?aeianoe: aeecuee?noue aei
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio c Iieueuath, ui aeicaiey? aeeiioaaoe ?ieue
iina?aaeieea i?ae Noiaeii ? Caoiaeii a noa?? oi?a?ae?, o?ainii?ooaaiiy,
iai?io ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/iei oa iaoeiaei aeina?aeii, aeoea?coaaoe
ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueio ae?yeuei?noue ?aeiio ? iaeano? oeyoii a?aee?eooy
ieoieo ia?aoiae?a i?aeaea?aeaaiiai ? i?aeia?iaeiiai oa?aeoa?o, a oaeiae
ni?eyoe iaeaaiaeaeaiith eiioaeo?a i?aei?e?ioe?a i?eei?aeiiieo oa?eoi??e
ca ?aooiie iiaeeeaino? aeey noai?aiiy ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa ca o/anoth
?iicaiieo eai?oae?a oa caeo/aiiy ca?oa?aeieo ?iaanoi??a o i??i?eoaoi?
aaeoc? (ia’?eoe) ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno aeaii? AAC; ?icaeiai?noue
o?ainii?oii? ia?aae?, cie?aia, iayai?noue cae?cie/ii? eie??
i?aeia?iaeiiai cia/aiiy ?a?iiaenueeiai noaiaea?oo, ui aeicaieeoue
cae?enithaaoe aaioaaeii-?icaaioaaeoaaeuei? iia?aoe?? ia cae?cie/iiio
o?ainii?o?, ieoia ianeoaiaoaaiiy aaioaae?a, iaaeaaaoe eiineaiaoe?ei?
iineoae, aeeea?nuee? iineoae a ao?oia?e oi?a?ae? oa ianeoaiaoaaoe
i?aeia?iaei?, aioo??oi? ? o?aiceoi? ia?aaacaiiy; ?nioaaiiy ?ica?aeaieo
aeaea?ae i?ia?aeueieo aiae oeio «Iaooony» ? oi?ioaaiiy ia oe?e iniia?
icaei?ia/i-e?eoaaeueieo oa naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaae?a, a oaeiae
?icaeoie oo?enoe/iiai a?ciano ia oa?eoi??? Ea?iaonueeiai a??nueeiai
ianeao aeaiiai ?aeiio.

12. Uia ?icaeoie AAC ni?eya iaea?aeaiith iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
e?euee?noue ? ?ici??e oaeeo cii iiaeii? aeinyaoe iaaii? e?eoe/ii? iane,
a i?aaiaa ? aeiiii?/ia nenoaia i?eeiath/i? e?a?ie — iaaiiai ??aiy
noaa?e?caoe??. ? iaaiaee, yeui oe? i?aaia? ? aeiiii?/i? nenoaie ua ia ?
noaa?eueieie, ye oea ca?ac ia? i?noea a Oe?a?i?, a?euei? aeiiii?/i? ciie
iiaeooue noaoe iie?aiiii aeey aei?iaiaoaaiiy ? aeinyaiaiiy iiaeo
aeiiii?/ieo caaaeaiue.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Iaeaae?e A.I. Aeiiii?ei-i?aaia? i?iaeaie noai?aiiy AAC a Oe?a?i? //
Iaoe?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie: i?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy, ia?niaeoeae.
A?niee Euea?a. oi-oo. Na?. Aeiiii?/ia.- Euea?a: Na?o, 1996.- Aei. 27.-
N.56-58 (0,4 ae.a.).

2. Iaeaae?e A.I. I?iaeaie noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii a oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie // I?iaeaie
noaiiaeaiiy ia?eaoeiao ? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iiai eiiieaeno a ia?ao?aeieo
aeiiii?eao. Ca. Iaoe. aeiiia?aeae.- Euea?a, 1996.- N.146-147 (0,2
ae.a.).

3. Iaeaae?e A.I. A?euei? aeiiii?/i? ciie ye aaaeeeaee aeaiaio caeo/aiiy
?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e oa aeoea?caoe?? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? //
Oai??y ? i?aeoeea i?aei?e?iieoeoaa: i?iaeaie aea/aiiy oa aeiiii?/ii?
i?ina?oe a Oe?a?i?: Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeiiai e?oiueiai aeiiii?/iiai
naiano?o “?ioa?aei”, O?oneaaaoeue, 29 eeiiy –21 na?iiy 1996 ?ieo.-
Euea?a, 1997.- N.91-94 (0,4 ae.a.).

4. Aiae E.N., Iaeaae?e A.I. Iaoiaee/iee ?ino?oiaioa??e ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
aiae?co i?aei?e?inoa // Oai??y ? i?aeoeea i?aei?e?iieoeoaa: i?iaeaie
aea/aiiy oa aeiiii?/ii? i?ina?oe a Oe?a?i?: Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeiiai
e?oiueiai aeiiii?/iiai naiano?o “?ioa?aei”, O?oneaaaoeue, 29 eeiiy –21
na?iiy 1996 ?ieo.- Euea?a, 1997.- N.13-15 (0,4 ae.a., iniaenoi aaoi?ii
0,1).

5. Iaeaae?e A.I. ?aa?iiaeuei? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo
cii // Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i?. Iaoe. ca.- Euea?a,
1997.-Aei. 1.- N.91-94 (0,3 ae.a.).

6. Iaeaae?e A.I. Aei i?iaeai aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii a Oe?a?i? ia no/aniiio aoai? //
Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i?. Iaoe. ca.- Euea?a, 1997.-Aei.
2.- N.45-48 (0,5 ae.a.).

7. Iaeaae?e A.I. Aei i?iaeai iaiao?aeiino? oi?ioaaiiy a?eueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii a Oe?a?i? // Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie: ieioea, no/ania,
iaeaooi?. Ca. aeiiia?aeae oa iia?aeiieaiue Ainueii? iaoeiai? nan??
Aeiiii?/ii? eii?n?? IOO, Aa?acaiue, 1997.- N.74-77 (0,4 ae.a.).

8. Iaeaae?e A.I. I?i iiiyooy e oeiieia?th a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii //
Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i?. Iaoe. ca.- Euea?a, 1998.-Aei.
3.- N.57-59 (0,2 ae.a.).

9. Iaeaae?e A.I. Aei i?iaeaie canoinoaaiiy nenoaie i?aoa?aioe?e i?e
noai?aii? niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii // Iaiaaeaeiaio oa
i?aei?e?iieoeoai a Oe?a?i?: aoaie noaiiaeaiiy ? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo.
A?niee AeO “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. Ca. iaoe.-i?eeeaaeieo i?aoeue, ?
4.- Euea?a, 1998.- N.259-261 (0.2 ae.a.).

10. ssoeo?a A.A., Iaeaae?e A.I. Na?oiaa i?aeoeea ooieoe?iioaaiiy
a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii oa ?? aeei?enoaiiy a ia??iae ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie // Oe?a?ie ia oeyoo aei ?eieo. A?niee Euea?a. oi-oo.
Na?. aeiiii?/ia. – Euea?a: Na?o, 1998.- Aei. 28.- N.78-81 (0,6 ae.a.,
iniaenoi aaoi?ii 0,4 ae.a.).

11. Iaeaae?e A.I. I?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeo?a AAC a Oe?a?i? // Iaiaaeaeiaio oa i?aei?e?iieoeoai a Oe?a?i?:
aoaie noaiiaeaiiy ? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo. A?niee AeO “Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea”. Ca. iaoe.-i?eeeaaeieo i?aoeue, ? 5.- Euea?a, 1999.- N.
(0.2 ae.a.).

12. Iaeaae?e A.I. Oi?ioaaiiy a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii ye aeaiaio
no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue a aeiiii?oe? aea?aeaae // Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i? / Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeiiii?ee ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo. Iaoe. ca. – Euea?a, 1999.- Aei. 4.- N.221-226 (1,7 ae.a.).

Aiioaoe?y

Iaeaae?e A.I. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci noai?aiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii a oiiaao
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.02.03 — i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy ?
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith.- Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
?.O?aiea, Euea?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeine?aeaeo? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy i?ioeano
noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo (a?eueieo) aeiiii?/ieo cii a
ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie. A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue
i?ioeano ciioaaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai?.

Cie?aia, noi?iiaaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii aei aeei?enoaiiy aeai?eoi iaoai?cio
?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a AAC. Aeine?aeaeaii iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee aei i?aeaioiaee oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
aeioe?eueiino? noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueii? (a?eueii?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: niaoe?aeueia (a?eueia) aeiiii?/ia ciia,
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy, i?iaeo, oei AAC, ?iaanooaaiiy,
aoaeoeai?noue, oa?eoi??y.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaeaaeee A.I. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieci nicaeaiey e
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey niaoeeaeueiuo (naiaiaeiuo) yeiiiie/aneeo cii a
oneiaeyo ?aoi?ie?iaaiey yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ca niaoeeaeueiinoueth 08.02.03- i?aaiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey,
ieaie?iaaiey e ?aaoee?iaaiey yeiiiieeie.- Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao eiaie Eaaia O?aiei, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey enneaaeoao oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea aii?inu nicaeaiey
e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey niaoeeaeueiuo (naiaiaeiuo) yeiiiie/aneeo cii a
ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu. Eco/aiea ooieoeeiie?iaaiey NYC a
ca?oaaaeiuo no?aiao iieacaei, /oi yoe i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneea
ia?aciaaiey anoue eino?oiaioii noeioee?iaaiey aiaoieo e aioo?aiieo
eiaanoeoeee e oa??eoi?eaeueiiai ?acaeoey eae a ?acaeouo, oae e
?acaeaathueony no?aiao. Enoiaey ec eiiieaeniie ioeaiee i?aaeiinueie,
oneiaee e ia?niaeoea yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey Oe?aeiu, i?aaeaea anaai n
oi/ee c?aiey oeo/oaiey eiaanoeoeeiiiiai eeeiaoa, aeoeaecaoeee
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, a oaeaea o/eouaay nouanoaothuoth
caeiiiaeaoaeueioth aaco, a?aoiaioe?iaaii iaiaoiaeeiinoue oi?ie?iaaiey
?acee/iuo aeaeia naiaiaeiuo yeiiiie/aneeo cii a ioaeaeueiuo ?aaeiiao
no?aiu.

Iniiauaaynue ia aeaoaeueiii aiaeeca ?ac?aaioaiiuo i?iaeoia NYC a
Oe?aeia, enoiaey ec iiceoeaiuo e iaaaoeaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee, iainiiaaii
aaaeiinoue e iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?ioeanna i?iaeoe?iaaiey naiaiaeiuo
yeiiiie/aneeo cii. A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee ?ac?aaioai e
i?aaeeiaeai e eniieueciaaieth aeai?eoi i?ioeanna i?iaeoe?iaaiey NYC.
A/anoiinoe i?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi eaaeaeay naiaiaeiay yeiiiie/aneay ciia a
naiai ?acaeoee aeieaeia i?ieoe o?e yoaia: aeieiaanoeoeeiiiue,
eiaanoeoeeiiiue e iia?aoeaiue.

Iaoaieci yoaiiinoe ?ac?aaioee e ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoia NYC aeeth/aao
iainiiaaiue aeai?eoi aeaenoaee, ia?ii?eyoee, eioi?ua a eiia/iii eoiaa
i?eaaaeoo e iaeeaeaiiui ?acoeueoaoai io aeayoaeueiinoe eiie?aoiie
naiaiaeiie yeiiiie/aneie ciiu. Yoio iaoaieci, /oi anoue niaoeeoe/aneei a
ni/aoaiee ioaeaeueiuo yeaiaioia a ioiioaiee e eiie?aoiiio ?aaeiio, a
oeaeii iiaeao auoue oieoeoee?iaai e aeeth/aoue iauea aeey anao cii
ninoaaiua. Ia yoaia eiaanoe?iaaiey aaaeiui anoue ?ac?aaioea i?iaeoiie
eaeae, nicaeaiea eieeaeoeaa i?aaiecaoi?ia e eniieieoaeae, i?iaaaeaiea
ia?aaei?iaeoiuo ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee, eco/aiea aiciiaeiinoae
iiaeaea?aeee i?iaeoa, ?ac?aaioea iaeaoa aeieoiaioia ii nicaeaieth NYC,
caueoa i?iaeoa a aunoeo i?aaiao aeanoe, i?iaaaeaiea ?aeeaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, i?acaioaoeey ciiu eiaanoi?ai, a oaeaea ia/aei
eio?ano?oeoo?iiai iaono?ienoaa oa??eoi?ee ?aciauaiey NYC.

I?aaeoniio?aii, /oi yoai eiaanoe?iaaiey- yoi ioai? i?aaiaie oi?aaeaiey
NYC i?aaei?eyoee- iioaioeeaeueiuo noauaeoia ciiu, ii?aaeaeaiea
ia?niaeoeaiuo eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia aeey ?aaeecaoeee a NYC, ia/aei
i?eaea/aiey eiaanoeoeee e caiieiaiey aioo?aiiaai yeiiiie/aneiai
i?ino?ainoaa, ieii/aiea eio?ano?oeoo?iiai iaono?ienoaa. Iia?aoeaiue yoai
aeeth/aao iieiia caiieiaiea aioo?aiiaai yeiiiie/aneiai i?ino?ainoaa,
iaiin?aaenoaaiioth aeayoaeueiinoue noauaeoia NYC niioaaonoaaiii e
caaeaieyi e ooieoeeiiaeueiie iai?aaeaiiinoe ciiu, caeeth/eoaeueiue
aiaeec aeayoaeueiinoe NYC.

Aeenna?oaoeey enneaaeoao e iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu e iiaeaioiaea
iniiaiiai aeieoiaioa- oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneiai iainiiaaiey
oeaeaniia?aciinoe nicaeaiey naiaiaeiie yeiiiie/aneie ciiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: niaoeeaeueiay (naiaiaeiay) yeiiiie/aneay ciia,
oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneia iainiiaaiea, i?iaeo, aeae NYC, eiaanoe?iaaiea,
yooaeoeaiinoue, oa??eoi?ey.

ANNOTATION

Palazhiy A.M. Organizational economical instrument of establishment and
functioning of special (free) economic Zones under conditions of
economic reforms in Ukraine.- Manuscript.

This for a Candidate degree (Economic Sciences) on speciality: 08.02.03-
organization of management, planning, regilation of economics.- Ivan
Franko L`viv State University, L`viv, 1999.

This dissertation carries out researches of theoretical and practical
issues of establishment and functioning of special (free) economic Zones
under conditions of transfer economics of Ukraine. In the dissertation
the necessity of Zone establishment process is explained.

The algorithms for working out and implementation of projects dealing
with free economic Zone were suggested. Scientific and methodological
approaches to working out of technical and economical grounds for
establishment of special economic Zones were researched.

Key words: special (free) economic Zones, technical and economical
grounds, project, type of FEZ, investment, efficiency, territory.

____________________________________________

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 03.09.1999?.

Oi?iao 60O84 1/16. Iai?? ionaoiee ? 1.

Ae?oe ionaoiee. Oe?aae 100 i?. Caiiaeaiiy 350

____________________________________________________

Aeae?oeiaaii o aeaeaaie/i-iie?a?ao?/iiio a?aeae?e? EaOeIOA?

290058, i.Euea?a, i?. *i?iiaiea, 57.

PAGE

PAGE 14

Iciaee

oeiieia?? AAC

Ooieoe?iiaeueia ni?yiiaai?noue

Oa?aeoa? i?aai?caoe?

Aca?iiae?y c iaoe?iiaeueiith aeiiii?eith

Aaia?ao?y ?icoaoo-

aaiiy

ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeuei?:

aeoea?caoe?y ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?

eieaeuei? (oi/eia?):

ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo caaea/ ?icaeoeo eiie?aoii? oa?eoi???

ca ?? i??i?eoaoa-ie, aeei?enoiaoth/e ?nioth/o ?io?ano?oeoo?o aai
oi?ioaaiiy iiai?

?ioaa?aoe?e-iiai oeio:

aca?iiae?y ainiiaea?th-th/eo noa’?eo?a ciie c iicaciiaeueiei
na?aaeiaeuai

aioo??oi?:

aeey ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ie?aieo
oa?eoi??e a iaaeao aea?aeaae

iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?:

noeioethaaiiy ?ic?iaee oa inai?iiy no/anieo oaoiieia?e, ?aae?caoe?y
?nioth/iai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai iioaioe?aeo

oi?aiaaeueii-ae?iaie/?:

noeioethaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa aenii?oii? i?iaeoeoe??

Oeie ? oe?e? noai?aiiy AAC

ciai?oi?:

aeey aeoea?caoe?? aca?iiae?? aeiiii?ee iaoe?iiaeueieo oa?eoi??e c
oa?eoi??yie iaaeoth/eo e?a?i

aieeaaiiai oeio:

iaenei?caoe?y ciai?oiiai i?eieeao oiaa?ieo oa o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ia
iaiaaeai? oa?eoi???

eiiieaeni?:

ae??oaiiy eiiieaenieo aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/ieo caaaeaiue,
?icaeoie ?aa?ii?a ca i??i?eoaoaie

oo?enoe/i? (oo?enoe/ii-?ae?aaoe?ei?):

aeoea?caoe?y i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? o noa??
oo?enoe/ii-?ae?aaoe?eiiai a?ciano ia aac? ?nioth/iai
i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoe?eiiai oa ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iiai iioaioe?aeo

aaie?anueei-no?aoia? (ioooi?i?):

i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? cae?eniaiiy aaie?anueeeo ? no?aoiaeo iia?aoe?e,
?icaeoie a?aeiia?aeii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e

Oa?i?ie ?aae?caoe??1

2 ?iee

1. A?aea?? i?aaiaie oi?aae?iiy AAC i?aei?e?inoa-iioaioe?eieo noa’?eo?a
ciie oa aecia/aiiy ia?niaeoeaieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a aeey
?aae?caoe?? o AAC

2. Ii/aoie caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e oa caiiaiaiiy aioo??oiueiai
aeiiii?/iiai i?inoi?o ia 50% ia?aaeaa/aieo iiooaeiinoae

3. Cae?i/aiiy no?oeoo?iiai iaeaoooaaiiy oa caeo/aiiy iicaciiaeueieo
?iaanoeoe?e

1 Oa?i?i ?aae?caoe?? iniiaieo aoai?a ?ic?aoiaaiee ia iniia? oa?i?io
ae?yeueiino?

“ona?aaeiaii?” ciie (20 ?ie?a) aeey iaoe?iiaeueieo i?iaeo?a

5 ?ie?a

??.

Aoai ?iaanooaaiiy

1. Iiaia caiiaiaiiy aioo??oiueiai aeiiii?/iiai i?inoi?o oa aaciina?aaei?
cae?eniaiiy ae?yeueiino? noa’?eoaie AAC a?aeiia?aeii aei caaaeaiue oa
ooieoe?iiaeueii? ni?yiiaaiino? ciie

2. I?aenoieiaee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? AAC

3. I?eieiaiiy ae?yeueiino? ciie a oa?i?i, ui ia?aaeaa/aiee caeiiii i?i
aeaio AAC, aai ae ?? o?ainoi?iaoe?y o ciio ?ioiai oeio

?ic?iaea i?iaeoii? ?aea? noai?aiiy AAC

2. Noai?aiiy ?iai/i? a?oie (i?aai?caoi??a ? aeeiiaaoe?a) aeey ?ic?iaee ?
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoo oi?ioaaiiy AAC

3. I?iaaaeaiiy iiia?aaei?o ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa aea/aiiy
iiaeeeainoae i?aeo?eiee aeaiiai i?iaeoo

4. ?ic?iaea iaeaoo aeieoiaio?a ii noai?aiith eiie?aoii? ciie oa caoeno
i?iaeoo o aeueo i?aaiao aeaaee

5. I?iaaaeaiiy ?aeeaiii? ae?yeueiino? oa i?acaioaoe?y ciie ?iaanoi?ai

6. Ii/aoie ?io?ano?oeoo?iiai iaeaoooaaiiy oa?eoi??? ?icoaooaaiiy AAC ia
25-30%

Aoaie

Iniiai? caoiaee

??I.

Iia?aoea- iee aoai

?.

Aei?iaan-oeoe?eiee aoai

13 ?ie?a

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