Організаційно-економічні механізми господарювання (на прикладі садівничих формувань Криму): Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / В.М. Павлов, Крим. держ

E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Iaaeia A?eoi? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 338.109; 330.190

333.013.6 (477.75)

I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie ainiiaea?thaaiiy

(ia i?eeeaae? naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiue E?eio)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.02 — I?aei?e?iieoeoai,

iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

N?ioa?iiieue-1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aa?ia?ciano oa CAAe E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio E?einueei? AI

Ceiia’?a Oae?en Aieiaeeie?iae/,

E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aaa?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aa?ia?ciano oa
CAAe

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

??iaeia Ieaenaiae? THoeiiae/, ?inoeooo
naae?aieoeoaa

OAAI, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii aeiiii?ee;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

Iio??a Aeieo?i A?oo?iae/,

N?ioa?iiieuenueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a

Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ia?eaoeiao (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “15” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. ia 11 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E. 52. 805.01 o E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 333030, i. N?ioa?iiieue, nae.
Aa?a?ia, ei?i. 1, aoae. 501

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? E?einueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “26” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee: A.TH. ?oaeaiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia?aoai?aiiy iaoai?ci?a ea?oaaiiy o ?eieia?
iaoai?cie ainiiaea?thaaiiy iio?aao? ci?ie iaioae?oaoo n?euenueeiai
o?oae?aieea, niaoe?ae?no?a oa ea??aiee?a. Ia aeaeue, i?ioean aaeaioaoe??
aei iiaeo ?aae?e aeeooy caoyao?oueny. A oiiaao a?aenooiino? eiio?ieth ca
ae?iaieoeoaii ? ?aae?caoe??th i?iaeoeoe?? aeieeei aaaaoi ceiaaeeaaiue
neoaeaiaei iieiaeaiiyi, iacaeiiia i?enai?iiy ?acoeueoao?a eieaeoeaii?
i?aoe?, iineeeeany e?ei?iae?caoe?y noni?euenoaa. Cia/i? ?ici??e
iai?aeeiio?ieueii? aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?ae??aaee iiaeeeaino?
io?eiaiiy aeioaoe?e AIE c athaeaeaoo.

Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe ainiiaea?nueeeo iaoai?ci?a ?icaeyaeaeeny Aaaee?iei
E.?., Aoie/ai I.A., Naaeoeii I.O., Aaeaeooeueeei I.?., Caaaaenueeei
?.N., Aaa?eeiaei A.A. oa ?i., a o?iueia? noi?iie ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? aeine?aeaeoaaee: Ao?ia A.?., Ei?ya?ia O.?., Ai?iaethe O.E.,
Oo?/eiia A.A., *a?ai?n?ia N.A., Eiaaeaiei N.I. oa ?i.

I?ioa, iaoeiaa ioe?iea /eiieo ? iiooe iiaeo iaoai?ci?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy
caeeoathoueny iaaeinoaoi?ie. Noa?a nenoaia aea?aeaaiiai ea?oaaiiy
ao?a/aia, a ia?ao?ae aei iiai? iiaeae? ea?oaaiiy caoyao?oueny. I?ioean
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aeaniino? i?eca?a aei ci?i oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ?
anueiai aeeooy ia nae?, ia aeaeue, caeaa?eueoiai aei iaaaoeaieo ci?i.
Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia naiino?eiiai aaaeaiiy ainiiaea?noaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie oi?ioaaiiyie ? aeooaeueiith ? iio?aao?
nenoaiii? ioe?iee.

Ca’ycie oaie aeena?oaoe?? c ieaiii iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Oaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaeeoue o ieai IAe? E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo c i?iaeaie “Iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia aaaeaiiy
ainiiaea?noaa”, aeeiioaaii? ca caiiaeaiiyi Aa?oiaii? ?aaee A? E?ei.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy
no/anieo iaoai?ci?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy o naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiiyo E?eio e
iaa?oiooaaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?oiueiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe aaoi?ii iinoaaeai? ? ae??oai? oae?
caaea/?:

— aeaii ioe?ieo no/aniiio ci?noo i?aoe? ea??aiee?a o naae?aie/eo
oi?ioaaiiyo;

— iaa?oioiaai? e ioe?iai? oaiaeaioe?? aieeao i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo
iaoai?ci?a ia ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee eaaaeueieo ? o?iueiaeo ao?ao o
naae?aieoeoa?;

— aeaii ioe?ieo ao?aoai ia an?o noaae?yo ae?iaieoeoaa, caa?aaeaiiy,
ia?a?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? ieiae?a;

— ioe?iaii noai ae?iaie/iai ? iaoeiaiai iioaioe?aeo E?einueei?
aeine?aeii? noaioe?? naae?aieoeoaa ? ??aiy eiai aeei?enoaiiy;

— aecia/aii /eiieee iioeaaoe?? aei i?aoe? o naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiiyo;

— iaa?oioiaaii iai?yiee aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia iaeaeeae/o ia?niaeoeao.

O yeino? i?aaeiaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy ocyoa nenoaia iaoai?ci?a ea?oaaiiy
ainiiaea?nueeith ae?yeuei?noth. O yeino? ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy
aenooiathoue naae?aie/? oi?ioaaiiy E?eio.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? ??ciiiai?oi? aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/i?
iaoiaee cai?o e ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??: iiiia?ao?/iee,
?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiee, iao?eoeue-eii?aeeiao, aenia?oieo ioe?iie.
Aeey aea/aiiy ci?noo i?aoe? ea??aiee?a naae?aie/eo i?aei?e?inoa
aeei?enoai? iaoiaee o?iiiiao?aaeieo niinoa?aaeaiue ? naiioioia?ao??.
Athaeaeao i?eaooe?a ? aeo?ao ??ciiiai?oieo a?oi i?aoethth/eo i?eaaaeaiee
ia iniia? nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiai aaoi?ii.

O yeino? aiae?oe/iiai iaoa??aeo aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeai? Aea?aeeiinoaoo
E?eio, iia?aoeai? aeai? I?i?noa?noaa AIE E?eio, iiaeaoeiai?
aaei?i?no?aoe??, eiia?iaoo “E?ei?aaeainia?ii?ii”, anioe?aoe??
naae?aiee?a, aeiia?aaea??a ? aeii?ia?a E?eio, a oae naii aeai?
E?einueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe?? naae?aieoeoaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
ioiieththoue ia??iae c 1990 ii 1998 ??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

— noi?ioeueiaaii nooi?noue ? ?ice?eo? neeaaeia? ainiiaea?nueeeo
iaoai?ci?a;

— iieacaii ci?ie o i?aoe? ainiiaea?nueeeo ea??aiee?a ca inoaii? ?iee;

— ?ice?eoi io?oe?ei? ? iaio?oe?ei? noi?iie ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?;

— ioe?iaii aieea i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a ia aoaeoeai?noue
aaaeaiiy aaeoc? naae?aieoeoaa o E?eio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
ao?ao ? iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao o aaeoc? naae?aieoeoaa, aecia/ai? oiiae
eaaae?caoe?? o?iueiai? aeiiii?ee ? eiie?aoi? iai?yiee aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy a naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiiyo
E?eio.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Cai?iiiiiaaia e ai?iaiaaia iaoiaeeea
ioe?iee eaaaeueieo ? o?iueiaeo ao?ao o naae?aieoeoa?, ooi/iai? io?oe?ei?
? iaio?oe?ei? iaoai?cie ea?oaaiiy ainiiaea?nueeith ae?yeuei?noth ia
??ai? naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiue. Aaoi?ii ia iniia? aeina?aeo i?aeoe/ii?
?iaioe ?ic?iaeaia ooieoe?iiaeueia iieiaeaiiy ea??aieea
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai oi?ioaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe?? aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ?
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ii naae?aieoeoao a e?a?iao
No?aeii? ?a?iie (i. Ethae?i, 1998 ?.), E?einueei? ?anioae?eainueei?
eiioa?aioe?? ii naae?aieoeoao ? aeiia?aaea?noao (n. Eieue/oa?ii,
N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai ?aeiio, 1998 ?.), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1997 ?.,
1998 ?.), N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1998 ?.).

Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee ao?ao o naae?aieoeoa? ai?iaiaaia aaoi?ii ia i?eeeaae?
E?einueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe?? naae?aieoeoaa ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia
I?i?noa?noaii aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno E?eio aeey i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiiyo. E??i oiai,
i?iiiceoe?? aaoi?a ia?aaeai? o ?anioae?eainueeo iiaeaoeiao
aaei?i?no?aoe?th ? IAN E?eio aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy. ? aeia?aeea
I?i?noa?noaa AIE E?eio i?i ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?iiiceoe?e
aaoi?a.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? a 12 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao o niaoe?ae?ciaaieo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 6,75
ae.a.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (112 iaca). ?iaioa
aeeeaaeaia ia 149 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 48 oaaeeoeue
? 8 iaethie?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Oai??y oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy” i?iaiae?ciaai? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy e aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy a aeiiii?oe? ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo. Aiae?coth/e oi/ee ci?o a/aieo c i?eaiaeo ci?noo iaoai?cio
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeoiee, ui
“i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie” icia/athoue nenoaio oi?ioaaiiy
oe?eae ? noeioe?a, ui aeicaieythoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe iioaioe?ae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai oi?ioaaiiy aeey aeinyaiaiiy aoaeoeaieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a (iae. 1).

Caeiiiaeaa/a na?aaeiaeua Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa aaca ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo
Nenoaia

eiio?ieth ?aoi?ioaaiiy

y eiiiie/aneea ii?iaoeae;

iiaeaoeia? ieaoaae?;

oe?iiooai?aiiy;

nenoaia iieaoe;

eiia?oe?eiee ?ic?aooiie;

aeiiii?/ia noeioethaaiiy, naieoe??.

iioeaaoe?y

iiieo ? i?iiiceoe?y;

nioe?aeuei? i?eueae;

nioe?aeuei? aa?aio??;

o i?ia ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

nenoaia aaaeaiiy ainiiaea?noaa;

iinoa/aiiy, caoo;

?iaioa c ia?niiaeii;

no?oeoo?a ? oaoiieia?y oi?aae?iiy;

?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy.

oi?ia aeaniino?;

ainiiaea?nueea i?aai;

o?oaeiaa i?aai;

caiaeueia i?aai;

aaoa?eia?ia caeiiiaeaanoai;

Iae. 1. Nenoaia ainiiaea?nueeeo iaoai?ci?a

I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie oea noeoii?noue oi?i ? iaoiae?a
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aaoethaaiiy an?o aeaiaio?a ainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie, oiaoi
ca’ycee ? a?aeiioaiiy, ui aeieeathoue o i?ioean? ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?. I?aai?caoe?ei? iaoai?cie aeeth/athoue: no?oeoo?o ?
ooieoe?? i?aai?a ? in?a, ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy, nenoaio eiio?ieth
oa ?i. Aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci aeeth/a?: aeiiii?/i? ii?iaoeae, noeioee ?
naieoe??, nenoaio iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiy oa ?i. Ainiiaea?nueea ae?yeuei?noue
cae?enith?oueny i?ae aieeaii ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a i?yiiai ? iai?yiiai
aieeao ? aioo??oi?o /eiiee?a na?aaeiaeua. Aei aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua
a?aeiinyoueny: nenoaia aaaeaiiy ainiiaea?noaa, oi?ie aeaniino? ? oeie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iioeaaoe?y ?ia?oiee?a oa ?i.

?aaoethaaiiy aea?aeaaith ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio aeeth/a? iaoiaee
i?yiiai ?aaoethaaiiy (iiaeaoee, ?aoi?ioaaiiy, ea?oaaiiy ei?ii?aoeaieie
i?aaaie ? o.i.) ? iaoiaee iai?yiiai ?aaoethaaiiy (nenoaia eiio?ieth,
nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy, eaae?iaa iie?oeea ? o.ae.).

O?ainoi?iaoe?y aeiiii?ee ii/eiaeany aac iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? i?ia?aie
ae?e ia ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae, ui noai?eei aaco aeey ?icaeoeo iaio?oe?eieo
iaoai?ci?a o ainiiaea?nuee?e ae?yeueiino?.

?aaeeeaeueia ci?ia a nenoai? ainiiaea?thaaiiy a?aeaoeanue oae oaeaeei,
ui ainiiaea?nuee? ea??aieee ia coi?ee aei iueiai aaeaiooaaoeny.
?ica?aei?noue ?ioa?an?a ??ciiiai?oieo a?oi ?ia?oiee?a iio?aao? caeo/aiiy
o ae?iaieoeoai aeeaiai ? iaoa??ae?ciaaiiai eai?oaeo, aoaeoeaiiai
niieo/aiiy ye oi?iaeueieo (eaaaeueieo), oae ? iaoi?iaeueieo iaoiae?a
aieeao.

No/aniith niaoeeo?eith ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? oai?caoe?y aeiiii?ee, eio?a ?
aaaaoi-ieaiiaith ? iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiith. O ca’yceo c a?aenooi?noth
?aaeueiiai eiio?ieth c aieo aea?aeaae ca aeei?enoaiiyi aea?aeaaii?
aeaniino?, i?aei?e?inoaa iathoue iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaiiy iaeaaaeueieo
i?eaooe?a, aeei?enoiaoth/e aeani?noue aea?aeaae e io?eiai? a?ae
eaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? caniae. Aeine?aeaeoth/e o?iueiao noa?o
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aaoi? aea? eeaneo?eaoe?th iiaeeeaeo iaeaaaeueieo
i?eaooe?a i?aei?e?inoaa (iae. 2).

Aea?aeaai? iaoai?cie ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee o?ainoi?ioaaeeny ia?aaaaeii
o o?neaeueio iie?oeeo, ia a?aoiaothoue ?ioa?ane a?o/eciyiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai oiaa?iae?iaieea. O oeeo oiiaao ea??aieee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue ciooai? canoiniaoaaoe iaio?oe?ei?
iaoai?cie ainiiaea?thaaiiy aeey “aeaeeaaiiy”, oiio ui aeei?enoaiiy eeoa
io?oe?eieo iaoai?ci?a aaaea aei iaieio/iai aaie?oonoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Aei iaea?eueo iioe?aieo aeae?a iaio?oe?eieo ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e
iiaeia a?aeianoe aa?oa?i? oaiaee, ??ciiiai?oi? caniae a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae
iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiy, aeaii?iaiaa oe?iiooai?aiiy, aeei?enoaiiy
aca?iicae?e?a, ia?aonooiea ai?ao oa ?i.

A?aeaoaa?oueny ?icaaeainoaaiiy i?iii?oe?e ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeo?aoe ii
aeioneo iaeaaaeueii? i?iaeoeoe?? a?aeiinyoueny ia eaaaeueia
ae?iaieoeoai, /anoeia io?eiaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ?aae?co?oueny iaio?oe?eii.
Oaea neooaoe?y iiynith? cieaeaiiy i?eaooeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa oi?iaeueii,
a o ?aaeueiino? — c?inoaiiy o?iueiaeo i?eaooe?a.

Iae. 2. Iaeaaaeuei? i?eaooee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai oi?ioaaiiy

Ia oii? caaaeueiiai iia??oaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa
(o oiio /ene? a naae?aieoeoa?), oaeoe/ia aaie?oonoai 20-30% i?aei?e?inoa
iiaeia iiynieoe, aieiaiei /eiii, iaaeinoaoi?i ??aiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a
oiiaao ciainiaeaii? aeaniino?.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “I?aeoe/i? aniaeoe ainiiaea?thaaiiy a naae?aie/eo
oi?ioaaiiyo E?eio” aeaia ioe?iea no/aniiai noaia naae?aieoeoaa E?eio ?
aeei?enoaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Ieoiia aaaa ae?iaieoeoaa ieiaeiai-ya?aeii? i?iaeoeoe?? a ainiiaea?noaao
noni?eueiiai naeoi?o neeaaea? 75%, a o ainiiaea?noaao i?eaaoiiai naeoi?o
— 25%. Oea a?aeaoeiny a ?acoeueoao? ianiaiai ?icaeoeo eieaeoeaiiai
naae?aieoeoaa. *enei ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo naae?aie/eo ainiiaea?noa c?inei c
33,6 aei 174 oen. (a?eueo i?ae o 5 ?ac?a) ca 14 ?ie?a. ??cei nei?ioeeany
ieiua ieiaeiai-ya?aeieo ianaaeaeaiue (?c 78,4 oen. aa o 1984 ?. aei 47
oen. aa o 1998 ?.) ii on?i eaoaai??yi ainiiaea?noa.

Ui??/ii aeaiaeeoueny c iai?ioo a?ae 2,1 aei 5,4 oen. aaeoa??a
aaaaoi??/ieo ianaaeaeaiue, a ?oi? iiiiaeaiiy a inoaii? ?iee ia ia?aaeuo?
180-200 aaeoa??a o ??e. *anoea naae?a noa?oa 15-20 e?oiueiai a?eo
neeaaea? 43% a?ae caaaeueii? ieiu? naae?a, a?eueo iieiaeie c yeeo
ae?iuothoueny ia na?aaeiuei?ineiio i?aeuai? e o iaeaeeae/? ?iee
aeeaeooue ?c ainiiaea?nueeiai iai?ioo. *anoea iieiaeeo ianaaeaeaiue
neeaaea? eeoa 13,4%.

Iaiiaaiee iioaioe?ae caa?aaee eeoa Ieaeiueiai?nueeee, Aao/ena?aenueeee,
*a?aiiiaaa?ae?enueeee, N?ioa?iiieuenueeee ?aeiie. Aiaa aa?ioaoi?/iee
??aaiue, eaea aeaiiioaae nenoaie c?ioaiiy, ?ice?aaeaiiy naaeaeaioe?a.
Ae?iaieoeoai naaeaeaioe?a ciaioeeinue o 10 ?ac?a. Naae?aieoeoai noaei
iecueei?aioaaaeueiei aai caeoeiaei (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa ieiae?a o naae?aie/eo

oi?ioaaiiyo E?eio, 1991-98 ?.

I aeiaioaaiiy

iieaciee?a I?aei?e?inoaa eiia?iaoo “E?ei?aaeainia?ii?ii” ?io?
eieaeoeai? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa

A na?aaeiueiio

ca 1991-94aa. A na?aaeiueiio ca 1995-98aa. A na?aaeiueiio

ca 1991-94aa. A na?aaeiueiio ca 1995-98aa.

A?iaeaei?noue, oe/aa 48,2 41,4 37,1 32,6

Iieacieee ia 1 oe:

-aeo?aoe i?aoe?, ethae.-aiae. 8,1 10,4 6,8 8,6

-ae?iaie/a nia?aa?o?noue, a?i. 13,32 19,69 14,12 19,73

-iiaia nia?aa?o?noue, a?i. 19,07 26,29 19,39 25,60

-oe?ia ?aae?caoe??, a?i. 44,51 27,87 35,18 24,70

-i?eaooie (caeoie), a?i. 25,44 1,58 15,79 -0,90

I?eaooie (caeoie) ia 1 ethae.-aiae., a?i. 3,14 0,15 2,32 -0,10

I?eaooie (caeoie) ia 1 aa, a?i. 1226 65 585 -29

??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?, % 133,4 6,0 81,4 —

Ci?ieeany no?oeoo?a ?aae?caoe?? ieiae?a. ??cei c?inea aa?oa?ecaoe?y,
aenii?o ieiae?a o na?aeiio aeae? cieceany o aeaa ?ace, a o ia?a?iaeaiiio
aeae? — o 6 ?ac?a. Aiaea eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue. Niaoe?ae?ciaai?
ainiiaea?noaa, ui naiino?eii cae?eniththoue ae?caeio oi?a?aeth, iathoue
a?eueoa iiaeeeainoae aeey noeioethaaiiy nai?o ?ia?oiee?a. O oeeo
ainiiaea?noaao ieoiia aaaa ca?ia?oii? ieaoe o nia?aa?oino? ieiae?a
neeaaea? a?ey 20 a?aenioe?a.

A oiiaao e?ece, ui caoyaeany, ?noioii ci?ith?oueny oaoiieia?y ea?oaaiiy.
Iai?oaeai?noue i?aoe? ea??aieea c?inea /a?ac cieaeaiiy iioeaaoe?? ia
aoaeoeaio i?aoeth o niaoe?ae?no?a ? ?ia?oiee?a, iaae?iiy ??aiy
aeeiiaa/i? aeenoeeie?ie. C?inee aeo?aoe /ano ia eii?aeeiaoe?th ?
?anii?yaeieoeoai, ca?eueoo?oueny o?oaeii?noe?noue i?aoe? /a?ac
a?aenooi?noue nai?/anii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ci?io caeiiiaeaanoaa, neaaei?
oaoi?/ii? ica?i?iino?, iaaeinoaoiueiai aeei?enoaiiy i?aoaoi?ee.

Iiooe aea?aeiiai aa??aioa ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??, iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo
iaae?eiiai ia?oia?a, aenia?oeca eiai noaa?eueiino? ? ieaoini?iiiaeiino?,
no?aoiaa caaacia/aiiy i?eeiyoeo ??oaiue, iiooe aeoiaeo c aaciaae?eiiai,
ye caea?oueny, iieiaeaiiy, iio?aao? aaeeei? iia?eueiino? ea??aieea.

Cieaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? o?oaeii?noeino? ? iie?ioaiiy ci?noo i?aoe?
ea??aiee?a aecia/a?oueny ia no?eueee ??aiai ?oiuei? eoeueoo?e, ne?eueee
iicaainiiaea?nueeeie iaiaaeoaa/aie (iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiy, ?iaanoeoe?ei?
iiaeeeaino?, caoeno oiaa?iae?iaieea). Aiae?coth/e eaaaeuei? ? o?iueia?
i?eaooee ?ia?oiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue, aaoi?
i?eoiaeeoue aei aeoiee, ui iioeaaoe?y ia aoaeoeaio i?aoeth
iacaaeia?eueia, iniaeeai o ?ia?oiee?a iaoee.

Iniiaiei e?eoa???i, ui oa?aeoa?eco? a?aeiia?aei?noue ia?aii? nenoaie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ?nioth/ei oiiaai, ? aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaie/i-caooiai?
ae?yeueiino?.

Nei?i/aiiy ao?ao ? iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao ? aaaeeeaei iai?yieii
oaeineiiaethaaiiy i?ioecao?aoiiai iaoai?cio ainiiaea?thaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaia
aaoi?ii iaoiaeeea ioe?iee eaaaeueieo ? o?iueiaeo ao?ao o naae?aieoeoa?
aeicaiey? aeyaeoe i?e/eie ? ?ici??e aeieeath/eo ao?ao. ?ic?aooiee ii
aeai?e iaoiaeeoe? ia i?eeeaae? E?einueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe??
naae?aieoeoaa a 1997 ?. iieacothoue, ui ao?aoe a?ae iaaeiai?o a?iaeath
neeaee 7,2% ianyao oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??, a on? io?oe?ei?, ui
o?enothoueny, ao?aoe — 1/3 oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Neeaaei?oa aecia/aoe ao?aoe, ui ooai?eeeny i?ae ae??th o?iueiaeo
/eiiee?a. Iniiaieie i?e/eiaie ?o ?: ?ice?aaeaiiy, iaaeinoa/a, caieaeai?
oe?ie ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??, oaeueneo?eaoe?y aeieoiaio?a. ?ic?aooiee
iieacaee, ui o?iueia? ao?aoe neeaaeathoue 35-40%, a /anoea on?o ao?ao —
65-70% oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??. E?ea?aeaoe?y on?o ao?ao iiaea a caaacia/eoe
?aioaaaeuei?noue iaa?oue i?e ?nioth/iio ??ai? aeo?ao ? ianyc?
ae?iaieoeoaa.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Ia?niaeoeae iaiaaeaeiaioo a naae?aieoeoa?”
iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee eaaaeueieo ? o?iueiaeo
ao?ao o naae?aieoeoa?, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaai? iniiai? iai?yiee
oaeineiiaethaaiiy iaoai?ci?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy o naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiiyo.

O?oaei?noue ioe?iee ?ici???a ao?ao neeaaea?oueny o a?aenooiino?
aeinoaoiueiai ianyao aeaieo, ui a?aoiaothoueny, ? neaae?e iaoiaee/i?e
aac?. Iaea?aeoaai? iaoa??aee iaiao?aeii ooi/ithaaoe ??ciiiai?oieie
iaoiaeaie aenia?oieo ioe?iie. I?aenoaaith aeey aecia/aiiy ianooaa?a
o?iueiai? noa?e ?: ioe?iea aeo?ao, cae?enithaaieo o iaeaaaeueiiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, ? oeo, ui a?aeoeiaeiaothoueny ca ?aooiie eaaaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa; ioe?iea caeaaeiino? ci?ie oiiaii-iino?eieo aeo?ao a?ae
ci?ie ianya?a aeaioiaeaiii? i?iaeoeoe??; ioe?iea ianya?a noeoiieo
aeo?ao. Aea?aeaaia aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aecia/a? iiaeeeaino? eaaae?caoe??
aeiiii?ee, a eiie?aoi? i??e i?eeiathoueny ia eiaeiiio ie?aiiio
i?aei?e?inoa? c o?aooaaiiyi eiai niaoeeo?ee.

Aaoi? aiae?coth/e aeaa i?aeoiaee aei i?iaiico ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?iciiae?ea
i?iaeoeoe?? ieiae?aieoeoaa ii E?eio ia 2005 ?., ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui
iaaeinoaoiuei a?aoiao?oueny oaiaeaioe?y cieaeaiiy /anoee noni?eueieo
oi?ioaaiue a ianyc? i?iaeoeoe?? ieiae?aieoeoaa ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy
/anoee iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa. O inoaii?o a?iaeaei?noue ?
ye?noue ieiae?a ?noioii aeua. Aaoi? aeoia?, ui naia ?icaeoie IIA
aeicaieeoue caeaaeeoe nioe?aeueio iai?oaeai?noue ? cieceoe aac?ia?ooy ia
nae?.

Aeaii i?iaiic eaaaeueieo ? o?iueiaeo ao?ao ii eiia?iaoo
“E?ei?aaeainia?ii?ii” ia 2005 ?. (oaae. 2), nei?i/aiiy yeeo aeicaieeoue
i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa.

Oaaeeoey 2.

Eaaaeuei? ? o?iueia? ao?aoe ii eiia?iaoo “E?ei?aaeainia?ii?ii”, oen.
a?i.

Iaeiaioaaiiy iieaciee?a 1998 ?.

(oaeo) 2005 ?.

(i?iaiic)

Eaaaeuei? ao?aoe, oen. a?i. 3237 2960

o oiio /ene? oiouaia aeaiaea a?ae oei/aniai? iai?aoeacaeaoiino?
?ia?oiee?a 1711 1610

ao?aoe a?ae cieaeaiiy yeino? 837 760

ao?aoe a?ae i?inoi?a 347 310

ao?aoe a?ae iaaeiai?o a?iaeath 294 280

?io? 48 —

Iaeaaaeuei? ao?aoe, oen. a?i. 3423 2240

o oiio /ene? ii aa?oa?ieo oaiaeao 2580 1890

?ice?aaeaiiy 600 200

inoaaiiy 180 90

ianoa/a 63 60

Onueiai ao?ao 6660 5200

A?eueo 65% ae?iaieoeoaa ieiae?a E?eio cina?aaeaeaii a i’yoe ?aeiiao, ui
iathoue i?iieneia? naaee. Aeecuee?noue oeaio??a ia?a?iaee ? caa?aaeaiiy
i?iaeoeoe??, iayai?noue aeinoaoi?o ia?a?iaieo iiooaeiinoae, aenieee
??aaiue eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa aeicaieythoue cina?aaeeoe ooo
aenii?oiee iioaioe?ae.

I?iiiio?oueny a oeeo ?aeiiao caeeaaeaoe no/ani? naaee ia iniia?
i’yoee?oiuei? a?aeno?i/ee ieaoaaeo ca iinoaaeai? naaeaeaioe? ieiaeiaeo
eoeueoo?, ii/eiath/e ieaoaae? c o?aoueiai ?ieo aenieoaoaoe??
ianaaeaeaiue. E??i oiai, iaiao?aeii a?eueo aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iiaeeeaino? a?ieaai?aoi??? E?einueei? aeine?aeii?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? noaioe?? (n. Eeai?i?ii) aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
aaca??oniiai iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo, ui aeicaiey? io?eiaoe i?eaaaeo
a?iaeath aei 30-40%.

Aea aeey naae?aie/eo i?aei?e?inoa ?nio? i?iaeaia ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??
ye ia aioo??oiueiio, oae ? ia ciai?oiueiio ?eieao, ine?eueee i?iaeoeoe?y
ia ? eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeiith. Aeey ??oaiiy oe??? oa ?ioeo i?iaeai
aeieeaa? i?iiiceoe?y a aiae?ciaaieo i’youeio ?aeiiao noai?eoe
aa?io?iainia? a?oie, ooieoe?yie yeeo aoaeooue: ia’?aeiaiiy ?
eii?aeeiaoe?y ae?yeueiino? ii ae?iaieoeoao ? ?aae?caoe?? ieiaeiai?
i?iaeoeoe??; iiooe iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo oi?i ? iaoiae?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy; i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ;
oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai??a ia iinoa/aiiy i?iaeoeoe?? ? OIOe; i?iaaaeaiiy
iaiao?aeieo ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?eieo ? ?ic?iaea ia?eaoeiaiai?
iie?oeee; i?aeaiooaaiiy e ioi?ieaiiy o?iainiaeo, ieoieo aeieoiaio?a.

Aea?aeaaa iiaeiia i?eeiyoe aei?noe? caoiaee uiaei caoenoo aeaniino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. Iaiiaeeeai aeiionoeoe
?ici?iaeaae iaeia ii iiaeaoeiaei ai?aai ca aacoe?iie. O oie aea /an,
naia aea?aeaaa iiaeiia cae?enithaaoe eiio?ieue ca ieoieoeath, ?aaeueii
caoenoeoe a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieea, no?eioth/e ?iii?o aio/eeie
aeiiii?/ieie caoiaeaie. Noaoenoeea ia a?aeia?aaea? ?noeiii? ea?oeie,
ine?eueee iieaco? o?eueee aei 5% ianyao noeoiiiai ?iii?oo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.

Iaei??th c aeooaeueieo i?iaeai, o ca’yceo c aenii?oiith i???ioaoe??th
ainiiaea?noa E?eio, noa? iiooe aea?aeieo oiia eiia?oe?eieo aeiaiai??a. O
ia?niaeoea? i?aei?e?inoaai ia aa?oi ao?a/aoe nai? iiceoe?? ia ?eieao
e?a?i NIAe, ine?eueee oea iaea?eueo aea?aeiee eaiae ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeoeoe??. A?aeiia?aeii aei cai?iiiiiaaii? iaie no?oeoo?e ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeoeoe?? ainiiaea?noaaie eiia?iaoo “E?ei?aaeainia?ii?ii” iaa?oue i?e
noi?iiaaieo ianyaao ae?iaieoeoaa (250 oen. oiii) ? nia?aa?oino? ieiae?a
aoaeoeai?noue ? aeinoaoiuei aenieith (oaae. 3).

Aeey ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? aoee ia?ai? 12 e?aueo
naae?aie/eo i?aei?e?inoa E?eio. Ioe?iea i?iaiaeeeanue c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoiaeo iao?eoeue eii?aeeiao, iaoa yeiai – eiiieaenia ioe?iea
ae?yeueiino? ii noeoiiino? iieaciee?a. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooieo
iaeaeuo ?iaanoeoe?eio i?eaaaeea?noue iathoue ainiiaea?noaa “Ia?aiiaa”,
“Aaa?ae?enueeee”, “Ie?” c aenieei ae?iaie/ei iioaioe?aeii ? ??aiai
aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Aea oa?i?i ieoiiino? ?iaanoeoe?e iaa?oue o oeeo ainiiaea?noaao
ia?aaeuo? 6 ?ie?a. Naciii?noue n?eueainiae?iaieoeoaa ? eiai ii??aiyii
iecueea ?aioaaaeuei?noue iio?aao? o?eaaeiai ?iaanooaaiiy. *anoa ci?ia
caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a, ui ?aaeaiaioothoue aaaeaiiy ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ia ni?ey? i?eoyaiaiith ?iaanoeoe?e ia o?eaaeee oa?i?i.

Iaeiei c aieiaieo /eiiee?a, ui aecia/athoue aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy
iioaioe?aeo i?aei?e?inoaa, ? iioaioe?ae naiiai ea??aieea.

Iioaioe?ae ea??aieea aecia/a?oueny aeae?eueeiia a?oiaie /eiiee?a ?
ciaoiaeeoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o ?acoeueoaoeaieo iieacieeao. Aieeaath/e
/eiieee iiae?eythoueny ia aea? iniiai? a?oie: a?iaeaeai? oa i?eaeaai?.
Aei i?eaeaaiiai a?aeiineoueny eai?oae, aeo?a/aiee ia ?icaeoie
?ioaeaeooaeueieo ni?iiiaeiinoae, i?aeo?eieo caei?ia’y. I?ae aieeaii
/eiiee?a oi?io?oueny aiioe?eiee ineoieia?/iee noai ? ?ioaeaeooaeuei?
cae?aiino? ethaeeie. Ioe?ieoe ethaenueeee iioaioe?ae iiaeia o?eueee ye
noeoii?noue ?iaanoeoe?e, oiaoi aeo?ao ia eiai oi?ioaaiiy.

?aaeueii iioaioe?ae ea??aieea aeyaey?oueny o noee? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa,
?aaeei? oa eoeueoo?? i?aoe?, aeeiiaii? ooieoe?e, cae?aiino?
aeei?enoiaoaaoe iioaioe?ae eieaeoeao, ui a?aeaeaa?oueny a oi?aae?inueeeo
? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo e?eoa??yo ae?yeueiino?.

Oaaeeoey 3

?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? eaiae?a ?aae?caoe?? ieiae?a

ainiiaea?noaaie eiia?iaoo “E?ei?aaeaina?ii?ii”, 1998-2000 ?.

Iieacieee 1998 ?. (oaeo) 2000 ?. (i?iaiic)

no?oeoo?a ?aae?caoe??, % oe?ia ?aae?caoe??, a?i./oe aio?aea, iei. a?i.
no?oeoo?a ?aae?caoe??, % oe?ia ?aae?caoe??, a?i./oe aio?aea, iei. a?i.

Eaiaee ?aae?caoe??, onueiai 100 o 5,56 100,0 o 10,06

o oiio /ene?:

— ?aaeecaoeey o na?aeiio aeae? ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo 42,0 25,00
2,60 29,0 30,00 2,20

— iaoo?iieaoa 13,0 20,00 0,65 15,0 15,00 0,56

— aa?oa? 20,0 22,00 1,10 – – –

— ia?a?iaea 20,0 15,00 0,75 40,0 15,00 1,50

— aenii?o 5,0 37,00 0,46 16,0 145 5,8

Iiaia nia?aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??, iei. a?i o o 6,42 o
o 7,21

I?eaooie (caeoie), iei. a?i. o o — 0,86 o o 2,85

??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? (caeoeia?no?), % o o -13,4 o o 39,5

?ici?? iioaioe?aeo ea??aieea aecia/a?oueny aeiiii?/iei aoaeoii a?ae eiai
aeei?enoaiiy, ui a?aeaeaa?oueny o ??ai? eiai i?eaooe?a.

Aoaeoeai?noue ainiiaea?thaaiiy o cia/i?e i??? aecia/a?oueny ?ici??ii
aeei?enoiaoaaiiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo, ? o iaio?e — ae?iaie/ei
iioaioe?aeii i?aei?e?inoaa. Oiio o?eueee i?e noai?aii? ni?eyoeeaeo oiia
aeey ae?yeueiino? ? aa?aio?? iaea?aeaiiy aenieeo i?eaooe?a, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue aa?oino? ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo, iiaeia noeioethaaoe
?icaeoie ainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaee:

1. O?ainoi?iaoe?y iaoai?ci?a aea?aeaaiiai ea?oaaiiy o iaoai?cie
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei aaaea aei ia?a?iciiae?eo ooieoe?e ea?oaaiiy i?ae
aea?aeaaieie ? ainiiaea?nueeeie oi?ioaaiiyie. Aea?aeaaia i?aeo?eiea
ao?a/aia, a eiio?ieue c aieo aea?aeaae ca ainiiaea?nueeith ae?yeuei?noth
aeoea?co?oueny. Oea noeioeth? o?iueiao aeiiii?eo, ciooo? o?ainoi?ioaaoe
eaaaeuei? iaoai?cie a iai?aio?oe?ei? oa iaeaaaeuei?.

2. C?inoaiiy ianooaa?a o?iueiai? ae?yeueiino? aecia/a?oueny
aeaoi?iaoe??th aeo?aoiiai iaoai?cio, aieeaa? ia cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
eaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?. I?iaaaeaiiy i?eaaoecaoe?? a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii?
e?ece, aenieee ??aaiue e?ei?iae?caoe?? i?ecaaee aei ia?a?iciiae?eo
aeaniino? ia ei?enoue iaiaaeaiiai eiea in?a. ?icaeoie o?iueiaiai ?eieo
caeiyoino? aea? iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo i?eaooe?a cia/ii?
/anoeie ianaeaiiy, caaacia/oth/e aeaeeaaiiy a oiiaao e?ece. Aeaea?aea
iaea?aeaiiy o?iueiaeo i?eaooe?a iae/ano?oa oi?iothoueny a eaaaeuei?e
noa??.

3. Ao?a/aii iioeaaoe?th ia /anio, noie?iio i?aoeth c aaeaeaaoiith
iieaoith. Aaaaoi a /iio oea aecia/a?oueny iecueeith aoaeoeai?noth
ae?iaieoeoaa ? a?aenooi?noth eioo?a, aei?noeei iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiyi,
ao?aoith aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieea.
Ainiiaea?nuee? ea??aieee ia caoeuai? a?ae aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo
oa?oiiaaiue. Eiio?iethth/? i?aaie noaee i?aaiaie oaioaaeo ? caee?noaa, a
?oi? ooieoe?? oia?aaeaeoth/iai eiio?ieth o?ainoi?ioaaeeny aeiyoeiai o
ea?aeuei?.

4. ?icoe?aiiy iaio?oe?eieo ? e?ei?iaeueieo a?aeiioaiue ia on?o noaae?yo
ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? i?ecaiaeyoue aei cieaeaiiy
io?oe?eieo ?acoeueoao?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy. *anoea eaaaeueieo ao?ao o
naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiiyo neeaaea? 26 %, a /anoea o?iueiaeo — aei 40 %, ui
neeaaea? 2/3 oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??. ??cei nei?ioeany aenii?oiee
iioaioe?ae aaeoc?, cieceany ianya ia?a?iaee ieiae?a. 85 % iia?aoe?e
a?aeaoaa?oueny ieiath/e aaie. ?aaeueia ieoiia aaaa iiaeaoeiaeo ieaoaae?a
o aeoi?c? eieeaa?oueny a?ae 40 aei 56 %. Noia i?eaooe?a, ye?
i?aeeyaathoue ?iciiae?eo o o?e ?ace iaioa, i?ae noia iiaeaoe?a.

5. I?ioean ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaniino? a naae?aieoeoa? ia i?ei?n ?aaeueieo
iiceoeaieo ci?i, iai?ioieo eioo?a oe?ae iaaeinoaoiuei, i?aei?e?inoaa ia
ieaoini?iiiaei?, ?aaeueieo ?iaanoi??a iaia?, oiaa?i? e?aaeeoe i?ae
ieiaee a?aenooi?. Ana oea oneeaaeith? aeiiii?/ia iieiaeaiiy
ainiiaea?noa.

6. C iaoith noaa?e?caoe?? aaeoc? naae?aieoeoaa iaiao?aeii noai?eoe
ne?aeoth/e oiiae: iayai?noue ?aaeueieo aeaniee?a, a?aeiiaeaiiy
o?aaeeoe?eieo ?eie?a caooo, noeioethth/a a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iae?iaieea
iiaeaoeiaa iie?oeea, ??ai?noue i?aa eiio?iethth/eo i?aai?a ? noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

7.Ci?no i?aoe? ea??aiee?a, oaoiieia?y ?oiuei? ae?yeueiino? oi?iothoueny
i?ae aieeaii iioaioe?aeo i?aei?e?inoaa ? /eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, ui iaeeaaeathoue a?aeaeoie ia iaoiaee eiai ?iaioe. Oiiae, o
yeeo aiie i?aoeththoue, niiioeathoue ?o aeei?enoiaoaaoe a iniiaiiio
iaoai?cie o?iueiai? ae?yeueiino? c iaoith “aeaeeoe”.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?ii i?iiiio?oueny:

1. ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aei aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?ae?noai naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiue
“Iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee ao?ao o naae?aieoeoa?. Ioe?ieo o?iueiai? noa?e”,
ia?aaeaio I?i?noa?noao AIE E?eio, o eiia?iao “E?ei?aaeainia?ii?ii”,
Iiaeaoeia?e aaei?i?no?aoe?? ? IAN, ui aeeth/a? iaoai?ci a?aooaaiiy ye
eaaaeueieo, oae ? iaeaaaeueieo ao?ao ? iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao.

2. ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe I?i?noa?noao AIE E?eio “Ooieoe?iiaeueia iieiaeaiiy
ea??aieea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai oi?ioaaiiy”, aeey i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy ea??aieeaie ENI, ?aaeaini?a oa ?ioeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue.

3. Aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? naae?aie/eo
oi?ioaaiue ai?iaiaaio aaoi?ii iaoiaeeeo c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo
iao?eoeue eii?aeeiao. Cacia/aiee iaoiae ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey iaa/aeueiiai
i?ioeano i?e i?aeaiooaaii? aeiiii?no?a o eo?nao “Aa?ia?cian”,
“Ia?eaoeia”, “Ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ia ae?yeuei?noue”, “Iaoiaeeea
aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue”.

4. Aeey noaa?e?caoe?? iieiaeaiiy a naae?aieoeoa? E?eio ? noai?aiiy
aenii?oiiai iioaioe?aeo noi?ioaaoe i’youe aa?io?iainiaeo a?oi ia aac?
ne?iaeiieo cii o i?noeyo iaea?eueoiai ae?iaieoeoaa ieiae?a
(Ieaeiueia??nueeee, *a?aiiiaaa?ae?enueeee, Aao/ena?aenueeee,
N?ioa?iiieuenueeee ? ?aaeyinueeee ?aeiie) ?c caaacia/aiiyi o?eaaeiai
caa?aaeaiiy ? aeeaiei? ia?a?iaee o?oeo?a. Cai?iiiioaaoe i?aai?coaaoe
ae?iaieoeoai aaca??oniiai iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo aeey naae?aie/eo
oi?ioaaiue E?eio (??ciiiai?oieo oi?i aeaniino?) o ?aieao o?ueio
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ainiiaea?noa (E?einueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe??
naae?aieoeoaa, Ieaeiueia??nueeiai ieiaei?icnaaeieea ? ENI “Ie?”) ca
?aooiie oiiaeo i?aeo?eiee naae?aieoeoaa, aeei?enoiaoth/e /anoeio cania?a
a?ae ?aae?caoe?? aeii-ai??e/aieo ae?ia?a ? aeiaanoe ae?iaieoeoai
naaeaeaioe?a o 2003 ?. aei 1,5-2,0 iei. oooe o ??e.

5. C iaoith eaaae?caoe?? o?iueiai? aeiiii?ee ? iaoai?ci?a o?iueiai?
ae?yeueiino? iaiao?aeii a?aeiiaeoe iioeaaoe?th aei i?aoe?, ?noioii
i?aeaeueaoe /anoeo iieaoe i?aoe? o aa?oino? aaeiaiai i?iaeoeoo ca
?aooiie cieaeaiiy eaaaeueieo ? iaeaaaeueieo ao?ao o naae?aieoeoa?.

6. Aeey i?aeoe/ii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?nueeeo
ea??aiee?a aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe nenoaio e?eoa???a ? iieaciee?a,
ui aeeth/athoue ioe?ieo iioaioe?aeo iniaenoino? ea??aieea, iioaioe?aeo
ea?iaaiiai ?i i?aei?e?inoaa; ?acoeueoaoo aeeiioaaieo ?i eiie?aoieo
oi?aae?inueeeo ooieoe?e, aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? aoaeoeaiino?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii ii oai? aeena?oaoe??:

1. Aoiiei A.A., Iaaeia A.I. Ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe // Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea, 1998. – ?4. – N.9-12

2. Aeiaeiiiaa I.A., Iaaeia A.I. Yooaeoeaiinoue oi?i oicyenoaiaaiey //
Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea, 1998. –?2. –N.17-19.

3. Ceiiaueaa O.A., Iaaeia A.I. Ooieoeeiiaeueiia iieiaeaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaey
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey. – Neioa?iiieue: Oaa?ey, 1999. –
20n.

4. Iienaaiei Ae.Ae., Iaaeia A.I., *oaeeiiae/ E.I. ?aca?au iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa. // Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea, 1998. –?5.
–N.26-27.

5. Iaaeia A.I. Niaea?aeaiea o?oaea ?oeiaiaeeoaey a iiauo oneiaeyo
oicyenoaiaaiey. //Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea, 1998. –?1. –N.20-22.

6. Iaaeia A.I. I?iaeaiu yooaeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee.
//Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea, 1998. –?2. –N.12-13.

7. Iaaeia A.I. Yooaeoeaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa ieiaeia naia/eiauo eoeueoo?.
//Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea, 1998. –?3. –N.15-16.

8. Iaaeia A.I. Ioeaiea iioa?ue a oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.
//Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea, 1998. –?3. –N.29-31.

9. Iaaeia A.I. Nauoiaay aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoee. //Yeiiiieea e
oi?aaeaiea, 1998. –?5. –N.21-22.

10. Iaaeia A.I., Aooeaiei E.I. Aeeyiea o?iaiy iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ia
yooaeoeaiinoue oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe //Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea,
1998. –?6. –N.22-24.

11. Iaaeia A.I. Iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey iioa?ue a naaeiaiaenoaa. –
Neioa?iiieue: Oaa?ey, 1998. – 16n.

12. Iaaeia A.I., Iiethoiae/ A.A. Aini?iecaiaenoai iiiaieaoieo
ianaaeaeaiee – ?aoathuee oaeoi? noaaeeecaoeee naaeiaiaenoaa E?uia. //
Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea. – 1999a.–?4.– N.10-11.

Iaaeia Aeeoi? Ieeieaaae/. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneea iaoaieciu
oicyenoaiaaiey (ia i?eia?a naaeiaiae/aneeo oi?ie?iaaiee E?uia).
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 – “I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio
e ia?eaoeia”, E?uineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao,
Neioa?iiieue, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa ?ane?uoi niaea?aeaiea oicyenoaaiiuo
iaoaieciia e iaiauaiu oaeoi?u, eo oi?ie?othuea. Yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia
yaeyaony iniiaie ooieoeeiie?iaaiey oicyenoaaiiiai iaoaiecia. Iniaaiiinoe
?aciuo oeiia yeiiiiee ii?aaeaeytho oa?aeoa? aioo?aiiae n?aaeu
oicyenoaothueo noauaeoia.

Oicyenoaaiiue iaoaieci oi?ie?oao oa?aeoa? acaeiiioiioaiee iaaeaeo
noauaeoaie oicyenoaiaaiey e ii?aaeaeyao iioeau eo aeayoaeueiinoe.
Iniiaie aai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey yaeyaony oi?ia nianoaaiiinoe, eca?aiiay
oi?ia oicyenoaiaaiey, iioaioeeae naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey.

Ca iineaaeiaa aeanyoeeaoea naaeiaiaenoai oa?yao naie iiceoeee, eaeao
niaae ieiuaaeae, o?iaeaeiinoe e aaeiaiai i?iecaiaenoaa. A 1995-98aa.
aaeiaie nai? ieiaeia a iauanoaaiiii naeoi?a i?iecaiaenoaa ia aeinoeaaao
aeaaea 220 oun. oiii e ii n?aaiaieth n 1987-90aa. n?aaeiaaiaeiaia
i?iecaiaenoai ninoaaeei eeoue 29%.

Ec auniei?aioaaaeueiie io?anee (a n?aaeiai ca 1991-94aa. o?iaaiue
?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa ieiaeia a E?uio aeinoeaae 108,2%)
naaeiaiaenoai ii eoiaai 1995-98aa. noaei iecei?aioaaaeueiui eee
oauoi/iui. Oo?a/aiu o?aaeeoeeiiiua ?uiee nauoa ieiaeia (?inney,
Aaei?onue, no?aiu I?eaaeoeee). Eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue e?uineeo ieiaeia
nieceeanue. Iauai yenii?oa nie?aoeeny a 3,2 ?aca, a eiii?o aic?in a 8
?ac.

A aaniethoiii aieueoeinoaa naaeiaiae/aneeo oi?ie?iaaiee i?ioeann
aaeaioaoeee e iiaui oneiaeyi oicyenoaiaaiey caoyioeny. ?oeiaiaeeoaee e
niaoeeaeenou naaeiaiae/aneeo oi?ie?iaaiee iaaeinoaoi/ii iiaeaioiaeaiu e
iiaui oneiaeyi oicyenoaiaaiey.

Nieaeathony iauaiu ?aaeecaoeee ieiaeia a naaaeai aeaea e nie?auathony
iauaiu ia?a?aaioee, aieueoa i?iaeoeoeee caeeaaeuaaaony ia o?aiaiea n
oai, /oiau iicaea i?iaeaoue aa ii aieaa aunieie oeaia, ?anoao aeiey
i?iaeoeoeee, auaeaaaaiie a ea/anoaa iaoo?iieaou, oaeaeueiue aan
aa?oa?iuo iia?aoeee inoaaony aunieei.

Iaeiei ec oaeoi?ia, niinianoaothueo yooaeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey, yaeyaony nieaeaiea iioa?ue ia anao noaaeeyo
oaoiieiae/aneie oeaii/ee, i?aaeioa?auaiea oicyenoaaiiuo i?anooieaiee
iooai oneeaiey oi?aaeaeathueo ia?.

A nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo aic?anoaao ?ieue nia?aiaiiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey, iaiyaony niaea?aeaiea aai o?oaea
(oaaee/eaathony cao?aou a?aiaie ia aiaoiea nayce, ?aaioo n aeieoiaioaie,
ia?aaeaeaeaiea). Iioaioeeae oicyenoa, aiia?aoa oi?aaeaiey e aiciiaeiinoe
naieo ?oeiaiaeeoaeae ?acei nieceeenue, oae eae ia?aie/aiu oeiainiaua,
iaoa?eaeueiua e o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu.

Iioeaaoeey e o?oaeo a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo oo?a/aia, /oi i?eaaei e
nieaeaieth o?iaiy i?aaiecaoeee o?oaea e i?iecaiaenoaa, ia?ai?eaioaoeee
niaoeeaeenoia e eiui enoi/ieeai aeioiaeia, nieaeaieth ioaaonoaaiiinoe,
ineaaeaieth ?aaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae aeeyiey ?oeiaiaeeoaeae, ia eiathueo
aiciiaeiinoe aeinoieii aiciaa?aaeeoue ethaeae ca o?oae.

Nouanoaothuay nenoaia iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ia niinianoaoao yooaeoeaiie
aeayoaeueiinoe naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo oi?ie?iaaiee. O?aaoaony nieaeaiea,
iniaaiii einaaiiuo iaeiaia. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ?aaeueii auiea/eaaaony
iaeiaia eeoue aei 64,5% io ia/eneaiiie noiiu.

N oeaeueth iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe aaoi?
i?aaeeaaaao ai?iae?iaaiioth iaoiaeeeo ioeaiee iioa?ue a naaeiaiaenoaa,
aeeth/athuoth ii?aaeaeaiea eaaaeueiuo e eaoaioiuo (ne?uouo) iioa?ue (a
2005a. iie ninoaayo 2,2 iei. a?i. eee ” 4% iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa ii
E?uio). Ioeaiea aaaeaony ia iniiaa o/aoiuo e noaoenoe/aneeo iaoa?eaeia,
a oaeaea n eniieueciaaieai ?acee/iuo iaoiaeia yenia?oiuo ioeaiie.
I?ioeannu eaaaeecaoeee yeiiiieee aeieaeiu inouanoaeyoueny ia?aeeaeueii
ia o?iaia ainoaea?noaa e ioaeaeueiiai i?aaei?eyoey. Ainoaea?noaaiiay
yeiiiie/aneay iieeoeea ii?aaeaeyao iai?aaeaiey eaaaeecaoeee e
caeiiiaeaoaeueioth aaco, a eiie?aoiua ia?u i?eieiathony ia eaaeaeii
ioaeaeueiii i?aaei?eyoee n o/aoii aai niaoeeoeee.

Aaoi? i?aaeeaaaao a Ieaeiaai?neii, E?aniiaaa?aeaeneii, Aao/ena?aeneii,
Neioa?iiieueneii e Niaaoneii ?aeiiao caeeaaeuaaoue nia?aiaiiua naaeu ia
iniiaa iyoeeaoiae ion?i/ee ieaoaaea ca iinoaaeaiiue iinaaei/iue
iaoa?eae, ia/eiay ieaoaaee n o?aoueaai aiaea yenieoaoaoeee ianaaeaeaiee.

Aaaeioth ?ieue a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo ea?aao eiiieaeniay ioeaiea
eiaanoeoeeiiiie i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe naeueoici?aaei?eyoee. Neiaeeeny
iaaeaaii?eyoiue eiaanoeoeeiiiue eeeiao, iao nenoaiu iiieoi?eiaa
?aaeecaoeee ioaeaeueiuo eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia e i?ia?aii. Aaoi?
i?aaeeaaaao iaoiae ioeaiee eiaanoeoeeiiiie i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe
naaeiaiae/aneeo oi?ie?iaaiee, nooue eioi?iai caeeth/aaony a ii?aaeaeaiee
niaieoiiinoe iieacaoaeae, oa?aeoa?ecothueo aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoey,
e i?eaaaeaiea n o/aoii eo aaniiinoe e aaeeiiio iieacaoaeth. Eae iieacaea
ioeaiea, iaeaieaa i?eaeaeaoaeueiuie aeey eiaanoeoeee yaeythony oicyenoaa
“Iiaaaea”, “Aaa?aeaeneee”, “Ie?”.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneea iaoaieciu, ioeoeeaeueiua
e iaioeoeeaeueiua iaoiaeu oicyenoaiaaiey, o?ainoi?iaoeey oi?aaeaiey,
naaeiaiae/aneea oi?ie?iaaiey, eaaaeueiua e iaeaaaeueiua iioa?e,
eiaanoeoeeiiiay i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue, iioaioeeae.

Iaaeia A?eoi? Ieeieaeiae/. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy (ia i?eeeaae? naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiue E?eio). ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca oaoii 08.06.02 — “I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio ? ia?eaoeia”,
E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, N?ioa?iiieue, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?nioth/i? nenoaie
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a ainiiaea?thaaiiyi, iienai?
/eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue.
I?iaiae?ciaaii ae?iaie/i-caooiao ae?yeuei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oi?ioaaiue ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i aeaniino?. Aeyaeaii i?e/eie ? ianooaae
o?iueiai? ae?yeueiino? a naae?aie/eo oi?ioaaiiyo. Cai?iiiiiaaii caoiaee
aeey noaa?e?caoe?? aaeoc? naae?aieoeoaa ? eaaae?caoe?? o?iueiai? noa?e.
?aeiiaiaeiaaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee ao?ao ? ianooaa?a o?iueiai? aeiiii?ee.
Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? naae?aie/eo
oi?ioaaiue, nenoaia e?eoa???a aeey ioe?iee iioaioe?aeo ea??aieea ?
ea?iaaiiai ?i n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai oi?ioaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie, io?oe?ei? ?
iaio?oe?ei? iaoiaee ainiiaea?thaaiiy, o?ainoi?iaoe?y ea?oaaiiy,
naae?aie/? oi?ioaaiiy, eaaaeuei? ? iaeaaaeuei? ao?aoe, ?iaanoeoe?eia
i?eaaaeea?noue, iioaioe?ae.

Pavlov Victor Nikolaevich. Organizational-economic mechanisms of
managing (on an example of gardening shapings of Crimea). The
manuscript.

The dissertation for the master of science degree in economics by
speciality 08.06.02 – “ Business, management and marketing ”, Crimean
state agrarian university, Simferopol, 1999.

In dissertation contains the analysis of an existing system is conducted
is organizational — economic of mechanisms of managing, the factors
influencing to acceptance of administrative solutions are circumscribed.
The produce-marketing activity of agricultural shapings of various
patterns of ownership is analysed. The reasons and scales of shadow
activity in gardening shapings are revealed. The measures on
stabilization of branch of a gardening and legalization of a shadow orb
are offered. The technique of an evaluation of losses and scales of
shadow economy is recommended. The method of an evaluation of investment
attractiveness of gardening shapings, system of criterions for an
evaluation of a potential of the chief and controlled by him of
agricultural shaping is offered.

Key word: organizational-economic mechanisms, official and informal
methods of managing, transformation management, gardening shapings,
legal and illegal losses, investment attractiveness, potential

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione: ?o?aiia A.A.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 24.08.99. Oi?iao 60o84/16

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Ianya 1 ae?oe. a?e.

Oeiia?aonueeee a?aeae?e EAeAO

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Ia?eaoeiaiaa

no?aoaa?y

Ainiiaea?nueeee

iaoai?ci

(aioo??oi? na?aaeiaeua)

Aoaeoeai?noue ainiiaea?thaaiiy

Iaeaaaeuei? aeioiaee

Iaeaaaeueiua aeioiaeu i?aaei?eyoey

Oaoiieiae/aneea

Oaoiieia?/i?

Oeiainia?

Oeiainiaua

Ae?iaieoeoai

iaa?aoiaai? ieiu?, iiaie?a’y ooaeiae;

caieaeaia a?iaeaei?noue, i?iaeoeoeai?noue;

?ice?aaeaiiy i?e oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean?, o?ainii?ooaaiith;

aeione iaa?aoiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

i?eoiaaiiy aeioiae?a ? i?eaooea a?ae iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiy;

iaeaaaeueiee aenii?o eai?oae?a;

iaea?aeaiiy ??cieoe? i?ae io?oe?eieie ? ?aaeueieie oe?iaie;

ei?oioe?y;

cao?eiea ieaoaae?a aai ?oi?e iaiiaa?oaiiy;

ae?yeuei?noue ?c o?eoeaieie ia?oia?aie;

iaoe?eueiaa aeei?enoaiiy oiiae?a i?aei?e?inoa;

aa?oa?i? iia?aoe??;

iaaeaiiy e?aaeeo?a ca ?aooiie eioo?a ia i?aei?e?inoaa;

aeei?enoaiiy i?euea ii o?eoeaieo aeieoiaioao;

ia?aonooiea ai?ao c aeieaoith aeeneiioo iaio?oe?eii;

cacaeaeaa?aeue iaaiai?aiee iaiiaa?oaiiy e?aaeeoo aaieo.

nie?uoea aeioiaeia e i?eauee io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey;

iaeaaaeueiue yenii?o eaieoaeia;

iieo/aiea ?acieoeu iaaeaeo ioeoeeaeueiuie e ?aaeueiuie oeaiaie;

ei??oioeey;

caaea?aeea ieaoaaeae eee eo iaaica?ao;

aeayoaeueiinoue n oeeoeaiuie ia?oia?aie;

iaoeaeaaia eniieueciaaiea oiiaeia i?aaei?eyoee;

aa?oa?iua iia?aoeee;

i?aaeinoaaeaiea e?aaeeoia ca n/ao aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia n/aoao
i?aaei?eyoey;

eniieueciaaiea eueaio ii oeeoeaiui aeieoiaioai;

ia?aonooiea aeieaa n auieaoie aeeneiioa iaioeoeeaeueii;

ca?aiaa iaiai?aiiue iaaica?ao e?aaeeoa aaiea.

Caa?aaeaiiy

nienaiiy iiiaae ii?i i?e?iaeieo ao?ao;

nienaiiy ii iecueeeo oe?iao.

Ia?a?iaea

?ice?aaeaiiy i?e iaea?aeaii? ne?iaeie, ia?a?iaoe?;

nienaiiy aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? o a?ae.

?aae?caoe?y

iaaeiaaaa i?e iaea?aeaii? i?iaeoeoe??, i?e i?iaeaae?;

ii?aaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? ii oaeueoeaeo aeieoiaioao ? ii caieaeaieo oe?iao
c iaea?aeaiiyi ??cieoe? aio?aeith.

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