Оптимізація характеристик випромінювання суднових антен супутникових систем радіозв’язку: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / А.А. Дроботов, Севастоп.

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Ae?iaioia Aiae??e Aiaoie?eiae/

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Iioei?caoe?y oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy noaeiiaeo aioai noiooieeiaeo
nenoai ?aae?ica’yceo

05.12. 07 – Aioaie oa i?eeaaee i?e?ioaeeueiai? oaoi?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Naaanoiiieue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Naaanoiiieuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? (aeaia?oaiaio ?aae?ioaoi?ee)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eiaeiaa Ethaia Ieoaee?aia,

NaaAeOO

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe :

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eoeai?i Aaiiaae?e Iao?iae/,

??? ?i. A.ss. On?eiaa IAI Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

A?iieia Iaaei Iao?iae/,

I?aei?e?inoai «Aaaa?»

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
«Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo»

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 ” 06 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 50.052.03 a Naaanoiiieuenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Aae?ana oi?aa?neoaoo: 335053, a. Naaanoiiieue, No??eaoeueea aoooa,
Nooaei?noa/ei.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 ” 05 1999 ?

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

E 50.052.03, e.o.i., no. aeeeaaea/ I. A. I?ioeaiei

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

?icaeoie ia?aae? noiooieeiaeo nenoai noaeiiaiai ?aae?ica’yceo i?eca?a
aei iaiao?aeiino? i?aae’yaeoe a?eueo aei?noe? aeiiae aei i?iaeooaaiiy
noaeiiaeo aeeo?aeoe?eieo aioai.

Aaeineiiaeaiiy oaeeo aioai iaiiaeeeaa aac ??oaiiy oe?ieiai eiea caaea/
aiae?co ? neioaco, na?aae yeeo aaaeeeaa i?noea caeia? ?ic?iaea
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? iioei?caoe?? aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ae?eniiai ?icoaooaaiiy
aioai? ia ei?aae? ? ?? aeaeo?iiaai?oiie noi?niino?, a oaeiae aieeao
oo?aoeaioieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae iieacieea i?aeiieaiiy a i?eaiaeiiio oa??
aoiinoa?e ? noaoenoe/ieo aeanoeainoae ii?nueeiai caai?ooaiiy.

?niothoue aneiioioe/i? caniae ?ic?aooieo aei ??ciiiai?oieo aa??aio?a
aeeo?aeoe?eieo aioai. Aea aiie ia iiaeooue iaea?eueo iiaii iienaoe
o?ce/io iiaeaeue ae?enii? aioaie, i?aoethth/i? a ae?enieo oiiaao, i?e
oeueiio ia ?nio? iaa?oioiaaiiai aeai?o aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a i?e
iiaoaeia? aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai.

Oiio an? ?nioth/? oeie aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai aoaeothoueny a iniiaiiio
c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiaaioieonieo aeca?eae i?e iniiai?e aeiic? – io?eiaiiy
iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa i?aeneeaiiy aioaie ? ciaioaiiy
aieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Canoinoaaiiy aioai a ae?enieo oiiaao i?ecaaei aei iaiao?aeiino?
ia?aaeyaeo e?eoa??th iioeiaeueiiai aeai?o ia?aiao??a aioaie, c
o?aooaaiiyi ooiiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aioaie, ?? eiao?oe??ioo ?icn?thaaiiy ?
eiao?oe??ioo aeei?enoaiiy aia?oo?e.

Aieea ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a ia ia?aiao?e noaeiiaeo aioai i?eca?a aei
iaiao?aeiino? a?aooaaiiy noaoenoe/ii? oai??? aioai, ui aeicaieeoue
ioe?ieoe oa?aeoa? ci?ie na?aaeiuei? ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino? ii
iiooaeiino?, a oaeiae iiaeeea? ao?aoe i?aeneeaiiy aioaie.

Oaeei /eiii, aaeeoa ni?iaa, ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaie, ui a?aoiao? ye aeaoa?i?iiaai? oae ?
noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo iiaeia i?iaiaeeoe
iioei?caoe?th aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aioaie.

Iaoa ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoith iei?oiuei? ?iaioe ?: 1) ??oaiiy caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai c o?aooaaiiyi
?icoaooaaiiy nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?, a cii? O?aiaey aaeeeiai aeca?eaea.

2) ioe?iea noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiey aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaeiiaei??ii?
? aeaiaei??ii? aia?oo? i?e caaeaiiio aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiio ?iciiae?e?
iiey.

Iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaee ianooiia:

1) ?ic?iaeo iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aei ?ic?aooieo aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai
? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?inoi?iai-iiey?ecaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e iiey
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, coiiaeaii? aieeaii aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo iiey
ia?aeiiiai ii?ii?ithaa/a ? aeecuee?noth ?icoaooaaiiy nenoaie, ui
ii?ii?ith?, aei o?aiaeaanueei? ciie.

2) Oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aiie?ooaeii-oaciaeo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai.

3) Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiey
aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaei??ieo ? iaeiiaei??ieo aia?oo?.

4) ?ic?iaeo /enaeueieo cania?a iioei?caoe?? aeaoa?i?iiaaieo oa
noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiey aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaei??ieo aia?oo?.

5) Oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aaee/ei ao?ao eiao?oe??ioo iai?aaeaii? ae??
? eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae?
oo?aoeaioii? aoiinoa?e, a oaeiae noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a, ui
aecia/athoue oi/i?noue aeaioiaeaiiy aeca?eae, ui canoiniaothoueny.

6) I?iaaaeaiiy /enaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a aei ioe?iee noaoenoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee eiao?oe??ioo iai?aaeaii? ae?? ? eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy,
oe?eie ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino?, ??aiy aieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Caniae aeine?aeaeaiue.

??oaiiy iinoaaeaii? caaea/? caniiaaia ia ??oaii? ??aiyiue Iaenaaeea, c
o?aooaaiiyi a?aie/ieo oiia aei aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo iiey ia
iaeiio aeca?eae?, a oaeiae ?icoaooaaiiy nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?, a cii?
O?aiaey aaeeeiai aeca?eaea.

Aei ioe?iee aieeao iaoi/iino? aeaioiaeaiiy aeca?eae, a oaeiae
noaoenoe/ieo aeanoeainoae ?aaeueii? aoiinoa?e aoea aeei?enoaia
noaoenoe/ia oai??y aioai c canoinoaaiiyi aaonianueei? iiaeae?
oo?aoeaioii? aoiinoa?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia.

I?e aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aia?oa io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe:

— cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaie ia iniia?
canoinoaaiiy aaiiao?iiioe/iiai iaaeeaeaiiy ? /enaeueieo cania?a
iioei?caoe?? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aioaiii? nenoaie, i?e oeueiio
aieiaia oaaaa caa?iooa ia iiaoaeiao nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?, ? aiae?c
aieeao aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo a aia?oo?? ii?ii?ithaa/a ?
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?, ia oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo
iiey a aia?oo?? aaeeeiai aeca?eaea;

— i?iaaaeaia oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai
?iciiae?eo iiey iiaeeco iiaa?oi? iaeiai aeca?eaea ? iiey??caoeeeii?
no?oeoo?e iiey a aia?oo?? aaeeeiai aeca?eaea a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?, a oaeiae a?ae aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai
?iciiae?eo a aia?oo?? ia?aeiiiai ii?ii?ithaa/a.

Ia iniia? noaoenoe/ii? oai??? aioai aeaaaeai? oi?ioee aei na?aaeiuei?
ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino? ii iiooaeiino? aeey aeaiaei??ii? ? iaeiiaei??ii?
aia?oo? c o?aooaaiiyi caaeaiiai aeaeyaeo aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo
iiey a aia?oo?? aioaie.

Aeaaaeai? oi?ioee aei ioe?iee ao?ao eiao?oe??ioo iai?aaeaii? ae?? ?
eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a ?aaeueii?
aoiinoa?e ? iaoi/iino? aeaioiaeaiiy aeca?eae.

Io?eiai? /enaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe aei ioe?iee ao?ao eiao?oe??ioo
iai?aaeaii? ae?? ? eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy, oe?eie aieiaii? iaethnoee,
??aiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy a aieiaiiio iai?yieo.

I?iaaaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee
aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai, iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia?
ianooiieo oei?a a?eueoeo aeca?eae oe?eueiiai ? ca??iiai c oanoe
naaiaio?a*. Aeyaeaiee aieea ia??aiii??iino? i?io?eth a?eueoiai aeca?eaea
ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aioaie.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai ia iniia?
canoinoaaiiy aaiiao?iiioe/iiai iaaeeaeaiiy ? /enaeueieo cania?a
iioei?caoe?? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aioaiii? nenoaie.

I?iaaaeaia oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai
?iciiae?eo iiey iiaeeco iiaa?oi? iaeiai aeca?eaea ? iiey?ecaoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e iiey a aia?oo?? aaeeeiai aeca?eaea a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?, a oaeiae a?ae aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai
?iciiae?eo a aia?oo?? ia?aeiiiai ii?ii?ithaa/a.

Ia iniia? noaoenoe/ii? oai??? aioai aeaaaeai? oi?ioee aei na?aaeiuei?
ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino? ii iiooaeiino? aeey aeaiaei??ii? ? iaeiiaei??ii?
aia?oo? c o?aooaaiiyi caaeaiiai aeaeyaeo aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo
iiey a aia?oo??.

Aeaaaeai? oi?ioee aei ioe?iee ao?ao eiao?oe??ioo iai?aaeaii? ae?? ?
eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a ?aaeueii?
aoiinoa?e ? iaoi/iino? aeaioiaeaiiy aeca?eae.

Io?eiai? /eneia? ?acoeueoaoe aei ioe?iee ao?ao eiao?oe??ioo iai?aaeaii?
ae?? ? eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy, oe?eie aieiaii? iaethnoee, ??aiy
aei?ii?ithaaiiy a aieiaiiio iai?yieo.

I?iaaaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee
aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai, iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia?
ianooiieo oei?a a?eueoeo aeca?eae oe?eueiiai ? ca??iiai c oanoe
naaiaio?a. Aeyaeaiee aieea

* Ca??ia aeca?eaei c oanoe naaiaio?a iaaeaia AO IAI “Naoo?i”

ia??aiii??iino? i?io?eth a?eueoiai aeca?eaea ia i?aeneeaiiy aioaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ?
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia:

I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ii oai??? ? oaoi?oe? aioai, Ee?a, 1997.

3-e I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ii aeaeo?ica’yceo,
oaeaa?c?eiiio ? caoeiaiio iiaeaiith, Iaeana, 1997.

7-e I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e e?einuee?e iee?ioaeeueia?e
eiioa?aioe??: IA*-OAOI?EA ? noiooieeia? oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei? oaoiieia??,
Naaanoiiieue, 1997.

Ia nai?ia?ao ? eiioa?aioe?yo, ui i?iaiaeeeeny ia aeaia?oaiaio?
?aae?ioaoi?ee Naaanoiiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo c
1995 ii 1998 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 11 ?ia?o: c ieo 6 — iaoeiaeo
noaoae, 5 — oac aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

Ianya ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe aeaa ? oeeaaeaiiy,
aeeeaaeaieo ia 181 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo c ?ethno?aoe?yie ia 57
noi??ieao, nieneo aeaea?ae, ui aeei?enoaeeny c 102 iaeiaioaaiue ia 10
noi??ieao.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1) Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaie, ui aeicaieeoue
aeine?aeaeoaaoe aeeiai?eo ci?ie aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo iiey a
aia?oo?? iniiaiiai aeca?eaea c o?aooaaiiyi an?o aaiiao?e/ieo ?
aeaeo?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?.

2) ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai
?iciiae?eo iiey a aia?oo?? aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai.

3) ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
iaeiiaei??ieo ? aeaiaei??ieo aia?oo?.

4) Oi?ioee aeey ioe?iee noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a na?aaeiuei? ae?aa?aie
iai?aaeaiino? ii iiooaeiino? iaeiiaei??ii? ? aeaiaei??ii? aia?oo?.
Oi?ioee aei ioe?iee noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a eiao?oe??ioo iai?aaeaii?
ae?? ? eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy.

5) ?acoeueoaoe /enaeueii? iioei?caoe?? iiey?ecaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e iiey
aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai, noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a eiao?oe??ioa
iai?aaeaii? ae?? ? eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy.

6) ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee
aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai c oe?eueiei aaeeeei aeca?eaeii
ae?aiao?ii 1,77 i ? ca??iei ae?aiao?ii 1,83 i.

Ci?no ?iaioe

A anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?ic?iaee cania?a iiaoaeiae ?
iioei?caoe?? oa?aeoa?enoee aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai, noi?ioeueiaai?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iaaaaeaia noenea aiioaoe?y
iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ci?no aeena?oaoe?? ii aeaaai.

Ia?oa aeaaa i?enay/aia aiae?co aeiia, ui i?aae’yaeythoueny aei aioai
noaeiiaeo noiooieeiaeo nenoai ca’yceo, ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co
??ciiiai?oieo oei?a aioaiieo nenoai aeey noaeiiaiai ?aae?ica’yceo, a
oaeiae ioe?ioe? cania?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iiey a aia?oo?? aeeo?aeoe?eieo
aioai ? iaa?oiooaaiith cania?a oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noaoenoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aioai.

Aiae?c aioaiieo nenoai aeey noaeiiaiai noiooieeiaiai ca’yceo ? aeiia, ui
i?aae’yaeythoueny aei ieo, iieacaa iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy oaei?
aioaiii? nenoaie, ui i?e iaeeo aaaa?eoao caaeiaieueiyea an?i aeiiaai, ui
iiaeathoueny aei ia?. I?e oeueiio aaeeeo oe?eaa?noue i?aaenoaaey?
aeei?enoaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaiii? nenoaie. ?icaeyioo? iniiai?
caniae, ui canoiniaothoueny aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai
?iciiae?eo iiey a aia?oo?? aeeo?aeoe?eieo aioai. Aiae?c aeaieo cania?a
iieacaa, ui i?e aecia/aii? iiey a aia?oo?? aeeo?aeoe?eieo aioai
iaiao?aeii aeei?enoaoe can?a aaiiao?e/ii? oai??? aeeo?aeoe??, ai a?i
aeanoue iiaeeea?noue a?eueo oi/ii ioe?ieoe oa?aeoa? iiaaae?iee iiey,
coiiaeaiiai aeecuee?noth ?icoaooaaiiy aeaiaio?a aioaiii? nenoaie, a
oaeiae a?aooaaoe iayai?noue cii aeeo?aeoe??.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaiao?aeii oaeiae
a?aoiaoaaoe aieea oo?aoeaioii? aoiinoa?e ia aeiaaeeia? ci?ie oaciai?
no?oeoo?e ? aiie?ooaee iiey, aei oiai, uia io?eiaoe ioe?iee noaoenoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, na?aaeiuei? ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino? ii iiooaeiino?,
na?aaeiueiai eiao?oe??ioo iai?aaeaii? ae?? ? eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy
aioaie.

?nio? neeueia caeaaei?noue aeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy a?ae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ae?aiao?o aia?oo?ey aei ?aae?ono i?inoi?iai? ei??aeyoe??
oaciaeo oeoeooaoe?e, i?e oeueiio ?noioio ?ieue a?a? aaee/eia aeenia?n??
oaciaeo oeoeooaoe?e. Aeey ioe?iee ao?ao eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy
iaiao?aei? aeai? i?i iaoai?ieia?/io ianoaiiaeo a ?aeii? ?icoaooaaiiy
aioaiii? nenoaie, ?acoeueoaoe i?io?eueieo aei???a ?iaeaeno i?aeiieaiey ?
ioe?iee noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oeoeooaoe?? oace iiey a i?noe?
i?eeiio.

I?e iiaoaeia? aioaiii? nenoaie iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe ooiiao
oaiia?aoo?o, i?e oeueiio aecia/aeueiee aieea aeyaey? eiao?oe??io
?icn?thaaiiy ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino?. Oiio i?e iioei?caoe??
eiao?oe??io?a aeei?enoaiiy aia?oo?e aioai? iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe
aeiionoei? cia/aiiy aeey eiao?oe??ioo ?icn?thaaiiy.

A ae?oa? aeaa? i?iaaaeaia oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?, aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaie.
?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? iiaoaeiae aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai c canoinoaaiiyi
ia?anieueeiaeo aeca?eae.

Iiaoaeiaaia iiaeaeue aiie?ooaeiiai ?iciiae?eo iiey a aia?oo?? aaeeeeo
aeca?eae. I?e oeueiio a yeino? ia?aeiiiai ii?ii?ithaa/a i?eeiaeany
eieiaa aia?oo?a, a ye?e aoa caaeaiee neiao?e/iee ?iciiae?e iiey e?i?eii?
iiey?ecaoe??. Aiae?c aoa i?iaaaeaiee aeey iaai?oii? neeaaeiai? iiey,
iaaaaeaii? a aeaeyae?:

,

— ii?iiaaia eii?aeeiaoa a ?ice?eoo? ii?ii?ithaa/a; 2b — ae?aiao?
?ice?eooy aia?oo?e ii?ii?ithaa/a; A0,q,( — eiinoaioe, ui aecia/athoue
?iciiae?e aiie?ooaee ? oace iiey a aia?oo?? ii?ii?ithaa/a.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaai?oii? neeaaeiai? iiey iiaeeco iiaa?oi?
iaeiai aeca?eaea:

,

aea r – a?aenoaiue a?ae ?ice?eooy, ui aei?ii?ith?, aei iiaa?oi? iaeiai
aeca?eaea; S0 – aia?oo?a ii?ii?ithaa/a; k=2(((.

A?aoiaoth/e o? ianoaaeie, ui iiaa?oiy iaeiai aeca?eaea ?ici?uaia a cii?
O?aiaey ii?ii?ithaa/a, iiaeia nei?enoaoeny ?iceeaaeii r c o?aooaaiiyi
eaaae?aoe/iiai aeiaeaoeo ? i?aaenoaaeoe a aeaeyae?:

,

aea r0 – a?aenoaiue a?ae oeaio?o aia?oo?e aei e?aiee ia iiaa?oi? iaeiai
aeca?eaea; ( — eoo i?ae oieaeueiith a?nnth ? iai?yieii r0; (0 ? ( – eooe
ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iieiaeaiiy ?icaeyaeoaaii? e?aiee a ieiuei? aia?oo?e
ii?ii?ithaa/a ? iaeiai aeca?eaea.

Aoei ciaeaeaia iiea iiaeeco iiaa?oi? iaeiai aeca?eaea. Aeae? aecia/ai?
no?oie, ui i?io?eathoue ia eiai iiaa?oi?, ? c o?aooaaiiyi oeeo no?oi?a,
ciaeaeaia iiea iiaeeco iiaa?oi? aaeeeiai aeca?eaea, a i?ney oeueiai ? a
eiai ?ice?eoo?.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee i?iaanoe aiae?c iiey a aia?oo?? aaeeeiai
aeca?eaea c o?aooaaiiyi caaeaii? eiio?ao?aoe?? nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?.

Ia ?en.1 iaaaaeai? ?iciiae?ee aiie?ooaee(Aa( ? oace Oa iiey a
caeaaeiino? a?ae eooo ( i?ae oieaeueii? a?nnth ? iai?yieii ia aaeeea
aeca?eaei c e?aiee eiai oieono aei aioaiieo nenoai c a?eueoei aeca?eaeii
2a=1,83i, F/2a=0,31 (?en.1,a,a), ? 2a=1,77i, F/2a=0,36 (?en.1,a,a), i?e
oeueiio aenoeaio?eneoao iaeiai aeca?eaea aoa i?eeiyoee a=1,7, ae?aiao?
ii?ii?ithaa/a 2b=0,15 i.

C iaaaaeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeii, ui a aiie?ooaeii-oaciaii ?iciiae?e?
aeyaey?oueny aieea cii O?aiaey, oiaoi ?iciiae?e aiie?ooae iiey ia?
ia??aiii??i?e oa?aeoa? ? ?niothoue /?oei aeyaeai? i?iaaee. I?e oeueiio
aeey aeca?eaea ae?aiao?ii 1,77i niinoa??aa?oueny a?eueo ??aiii??i?e
?iciiae?e aiie?ooaee iiey a ?ice?eoo? aioai?, a ci?ia oace a aia?oo??
iaioa 50(.

A o?ao?e aeaa? io?eiai? iniiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey na?aaeiuei?
ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino? (NAeI) ii iiooaeiino?, ye aeey iaeiiaei??ii?,
oae ? aeey aeaiaei??ii? aia?oo?. Aeaaaeai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeicaieeee
aecia/eoe iniiai? caeaaeiino? aeey NAeI ii iiooaeiino? c o?aooaaiiyi
noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a oo?aoeaioii? aoiinoa?e i?eaiaeiiai oa?o.

Ae?aa?aia iai?aaeaiino? aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaie i?e ?iaio? ?? a oiiaao
?aaeueii? aoiinoa?e ? ooieoe??th, ye eooiaeo eii?aeeiao e?aiee
niinoa?aaeaiiy, oae ? /ano. Ioaea, aeey ?? aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeii
aaiaeeoe noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Nii/aoeo, aiae?c NAeI ii iiooaeiino? aeaiaei??ii? aia?oo?e caiaeeany aei
aiae?co NAeI ii iiooaeiino? aea?aaeaioii? e?i?eii? aia?oo?e, ui ia
caaaeaee a??ii. Oiio aoea ?icaeyiooa NAeI ii iiooaeiino? aeey eieiai?
neioacii? aia?oo?e c o?aooaaiiyi ci?ie aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo
iiey.

Ca?aeii aecia/aiiy NAeI ii iiooaeiino?, aeey aeiaaeeo aaonniai? iiaeae?
oo?aoeaioii? aoiinoa?e NAeI ii iiooaeiino? aoea i?aaenoaaeaia a
ianooiiiio aeaeyae?:

, (1)

(( aiie?ooaeiee ?iciiae?e ? ??aiii??iei.

, i?e oeueiio iaae? ci?ie ( a?ae 0 aei 2(; ( a?ae 0 aei a, io?eia?ii
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (1) i?ney ia?aoai?aiue a ianooiiiio aeaeyae?:

, (2)

— ocaaaeueiaiee eoo; r0 – ?aae?on i?inoi?iai? ei??aeyoe?? oeoeooaoe?e
oace; a – ?aae?on aia?oo?e;

.

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (2) aeicaieeei i?iaanoe aiae?c NAeI ii iiooaeiino?
aeaiaei??ii? aia?oo?e c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao oo?aoeaioii? aoiinoa?e.

Oaeiae aoea aecia/aia NAeI ii iiooaeiino? aeey iaeiiaei??ii? aia?oo??.
Iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeyaeo NAeI ii iiooaeiino? aeey iaeiiaei??ieo aia?oo?
aoea coiiaeaia oei, ui ioe?iea noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaiaei??ieo
aia?oo? ca’ycaia c? cia/ieie iaoaiaoe/ieie o?oaeiiuaie. Oiio aeoaea
oe?eaaei aoei aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeiiaei??ieo
aia?oo?, ye c oi/ee ci?o ?oiueiai i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy, oae ? c
oi/ee ci?o iiaeeeaino? cai?ie aeaiaei??ieo aia?oo? iaeiiaei??ieie ?
ioe?iee ?o ia?aiao??a.

Ca?aeii aecia/aiith NAeI ii iiooaeiino?, aeey aeiaaeeo aaonniai? iiaeae?
oo?aoeaioii? aoiinoa?e, NAeI ii iiooaeiino? e?i?eii? aia?oo?e iiaeeeai
iaaanoe a aeaeyae?:

, (3)

,(=k a sin(.

I?ney ia?aoai?aiue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (3) i?eaiaeeoueny aei ianooiiiai
aeaeyaeo:

,(4)

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (4) aeicaieeei i?iaanoe aiae?c NAeI ii iiooaeiino?
iaeiiaei??ii? aia?oo?e c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao oo?aoeaioii? aoiinoa?e.

Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy i?e iiaoaeia? aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai ia? i?iaeaia
ae?enii? ioe?iee eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy (EI), cia/aiiy yeiai iiaeooue
aooe cia/ii iaioa i/?eoaaieo.

, i?e noaoenoe/iiio ona?aaeiaii? aaee/eie, ui aecia/a?oueny ? ??
ii?ioaaii? a?aeiinii D0 — EIAe a a?aenooiino? aieeao ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a,
aiae?c EI aioaie G aoei i?iaaaeaii c oi/ee ci?o cieaeaiiy EIAe aioaie.

A?aeiinia aaee/eia ao?ao EI, aecia/aeany a a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c ianooiiei
ae?aaeaiiyi:

— aecia/a? aaee/eio cieaeaiiy EIAe aioaie c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a.

Ca?aeii aecia/aiith EIAe aioaie ye aaee/eie, ui aecia/a? a?aeiioaiiy
?ioaineaiino? aei?ii?ithaaiiy a iai?yieo aieiaiiai iaeneioio aei
na?aaeiuei? ?ioaineaiino? aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aeey aeiaaeeo iaeii??aeii?
aoiinoa?e:

aei iaeii??aeii? aoiinoa?e ioaea, aei iiaeaii caienaoe:

, oiae?

. (5)

a oo?aoeaioi?e aoiinoa??.

A a?aeiia?aeiino? c ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi (5) aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ciaioaiiy EIAe nenoaie a oiiaao iaiaeii??aeii? aoiinoa?e, a oaeiae ao?ao
eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy.

= SYMBOL 165 \f «Symbol» \s 14 Y ; 100; 10; 5; 2; 1.

a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icoe?aiiy aieiaii? iaethnoee ? ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino?
aei?ii?ithaaiiy a iniiaiiio iai?yieo.

Ia oi?io NAeI ii iiooaeiino? oaeiae aaeeeee aieea aeyaey? oi?ia
aiie?ooaeiiai ?iciiae?eo iiey a aia?oo??.

. C io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae aeaeii, ui i?e ciaioaii? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy A
a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy ??aiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy iiey ? caiiaiaiiy
i?i?ioi?a. C ciaioaiiyi ??aiy iiey ia e?ath aia?oo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny
cieaeaiiy ??aiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy a aieiaiiio iai?yieo.

, aea (( — oe?eia AeI ii ??aith 0.5 a oo?aoeaioi?e aoiinoa??, ? ((0 — a
iaeii??aei?e aoiinoa??. Aiae?c iaaaaeaieo caeaaeiinoae iieacaa, ui
cai?ia aeaiaei??ii? aia?oo?e iaeiiaei??iith, caaaeath/e ia neeaaei?noue
iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo ia?oi?, ia a?aeaeaa? ae?enii? ea?oeie, ai
a?aeiinia ?icoe?aiiy NAeI ii iiooaeiino? o iaeiiaei??ii? aia?oo?e
a?eueoa, i?ae o aeaiaei??ii?.

, ui iiynith?oueny o?ce/iith i?e?iaeith eiaa?aioiino? iiey
aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

ao?aoe EIAe neeaaeathoue 65% — 90%.

neeaee 10% — 25%

cieaeaiiy EIAe ia nooo?aa (?en.3,a,a).

, a oiiaao iaiaeii??aeii? aoiinoa?e. I?e oeueiio iaea i?noea cia/ia
caeaaei?noue ao?ao i?aeneeaiiy a?ae aeenia?n?? oaciaeo oeoeooaoe??. A
aeiaaeeo neeueieo oaciaeo oeoeooaoe?? aioaia ao?a/a? nai? iai?aaeaii?
aeanoeaino?.

. I?e oeueiio, ii??aiyiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a cieaeaiiy EIAe aeey
aeiaaee?a ??aiii??iiai ? niaaeath/iai ?iciiae?eaiue iiey a aia?oo??
aioaie iieacaei, ui o aeiaaeeo niaaeath/iai ?iciiae?eo i?e oei/aniaeo
ci?iao aeanoeainoae aoiinoa?e EIAe aoa a?eueo no?eeei.

A i’yo?e aeaa? iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai,
i?e oeueiio noi?ioeueiaai? aeiiae aeey aei??thaaeueiiai eiiieaeno. A
a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeaieie aeiiaaie a i?ioean? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaany aaoiiaoeciaaiee aei??thaaeueiee
eiiieaen, ui aeicaieya i?iaiaeeoe aei?? AeI a aeeiai?/iiio ae?aiacii?
aeecueei 50 aeA, i?e oeueiio iiieeea aiie?ooaeieo aei???a neeaaeaea ia
a?eueo 5%.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny aeey aeaio aioaiieo nenoai
ia iniia? aaeeeeo aeca?eae: ca??iiai, ui neeaaeaany c oanoe naaiaio?a,
2a=1,83i, F=0,576i, ? oe?eueiiai 2a=1,77i, F=0,64i. A ?ie? iaeeo
aeca?eae aeei?enoiaoaaeeny a?ia?aie?/i? eiio??aoeaeoi?e c
aenoeaio?eneoaoaie 1,5 ? 1,7 c oieoniith a?aenoaiith f=5,9ni.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny c aeei?enoaiiyi /ioe?ueio ii?ii?ithaa/?a,
oa?aeoa?enoeee yeeo iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ii?ii?ithaa/ 2b, i (, ?aae q

?1 — eii?/iee ?oii? 0.12 5 SYMBOL 112 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? /6 0.06

?2 — eii?/iee ?oii? 0.098 SYMBOL 112 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? /4 0.02

?3 — eii?/iee ?oii? ?c ceiiii, ui ooai?eoue 0.124 15.1 0.6

?4 — aio?iaaiee eii?/iee ?oii? c ianaaeeith 0.15 SYMBOL 112 \f «Symbol»
\s 14 ? 0.06

Aeine?aeaeoaaeeny oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?,
a oaeiae oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaiii?
nenoaie.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui aocueeo ae?aa?aio
iai?aaeaiino? iathoue aeaiaeca?eaeuei? nenoaie iiaoaeiaaii? i?e
aeei?enoaii? ?anoaciaaieo ii?ii?ithaa/?a ?3 ? ?4. I?e oeueiio oe?eia AeI
neeaea 0,7((0,9(. A aeaiaeca?eaeueieo nenoaiao, ui aeei?enoiaothoue
ii?ii?ithaa/? c iaeeie oaciaeie iioeaeaie, oe?eia AeI neeaea 1,1((1,3(.

I?e aeei?enoaii? ii?ii?ithaa/?a c iaeeie oaciaeie iioeaeaie
niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy ??aiy aieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o ii??aiyii? c
?icoaciaaieie ii?ii?ithaa/aie aei -24aeA(-27aeA, a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy
eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy nenoaie aei 39aeA.

Aeei?enoaiiy ii?ii?ithaa/?a ?c niaaeath/ei aiie?ooaeiei ?iciiae?eii a
?ice?eoo? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy oe?eie AeI, ciaioaiiy ??aiy
aieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy an??? nenoaie.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui a aeaieo aeaiaeca?eaeueieo
nenoaiao aeioe?eueii aeei?enoaiiy iaeiai aeca?eaea c aenoeaio?eneoaoii
a=1,7, ui aeeeeeaii oei, ui a?aenoaiue i?ae ii?ii?ithaa/ai ? iaeei
aeca?eaeii c aenoeaio?eneoaoii a=1,7 a?eueoa i?ae i?e aeei?enoaii?
iaeiai aeca?eaea c aenoeaio?eneoaoii a=1,5.

I?e oeueiio e?au? ?acoeueoaoe aoee io?eiai? aeey aeaiaeca?eaeueieo
nenoai iiaoaeiaaieo: ia iniia? aaeeeiai aeca?eaea ca??ii? eiino?oeoe??
ae?aiao?ii 1,83i, ii?ii?ithaa/a ?2 ? iaeiai aeca?eaea c
aenoeaio?eneoaoii a=1,7 (oe?eia AeI 0,9(, ?AI (??aaiue aieiaeo
iaethnoe?a)-20aeA, eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy 39,7aeA), ? ia iniia?
oe?eueiiai aaeeeiai aeca?eaea ae?aiao?ii 1,77i, ii?ii?ithaa/a ?2 ?
iaeiai aeca?eaea c aenoeaio?eneoaoii a=1,7 (oe?eia AeN 1,3(, ?AI -28aeA,
eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy 39,9aeA).

Eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueii? nenoaie, iiaoaeiaaii? ia
iniia? aaeeeiai aeca?eaea ca??ii? eiino?oeoe?? ae?aiao?ii 2a=1,83i,
iaioa ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai, ui iiynith?oueny ia??aiii??i?noth i?io?eth
aeca?eaea ae?aiao?ii 2a=1,83i.

A a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeei aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoenoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oaciaeo oeoeooaoe?e, coiiaeaieo iaoi/i?noth aeaioiaeaiiy
i?io?eth iniiaiiai aeca?eaea ae?aiao?ii 2a=1,83i. I?e oeueiio
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy oaciaeo oeoeooaoe?e, aeeeeeaieo
a?aeoeeaiiyi i?io?eth aeca?eaea a?ae ?aeaaeueiiai, neeaei, a
na?aaeiueiio, 2,28 ?aae., ui a?aeiia?aea? 130(. A a?aeiia?aeiino? c
oai?aoe/ieie ?ic?aooieaie /aoaa?oi? aeaae oae? oacia? oeoeooaoe??
i?ecaiaeyoue aei ao?ao eiao?oe??ioa i?aeneeaiiy 6aeA(7aeA, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ? aeniiaee

?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeey ?ic?aooieo aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaie
Eannaa?aia ia iniia? aaiiao?iiioe/iiai iaaeeaeaiiy, ui aeicaieeoue
iie?aueoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy oeyoii iioei?caoe??
aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo iiey a aia?oo?? aaeeeiai aeca?eaea.

Io?eiai? oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooieo aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo iiey
iiaeeco iiaa?oi? iaeiai ? a aia?oo?? aaeeeiai aeca?eae.

I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai
?iciiae?eo iiey a aia?oo?? aaeeeiai aeca?eaea a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a nenoaie ui ii?ii?ith?, a oaeiae a?ae aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai
?iciiae?eo iiey a aia?oo?? ia?aeiiiai ii?ii?ithaa/a. I?e oeueiio
anoaiiaeaii, ui a aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiio ?iciiae?e? iiey a aia?oo??
aaeeeiai aeca?eaea aeyaey?oueny aieea cii O?aiaey, oiaoi. ?iciiae?e
aiie?ooae iiey ia? ia??aiii??iee oa?aeoa?, oaciaee ?iciiae?e
ci?ith?oueny a?ae 0 aei 250(. Ca?eueoaiiy aenoeaio?eneoaoo iaeiai
aeca?eaea i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui ca?eueoo?oueny a?aenoaiue i?ae
aia?oo?ith, ui aei?ii?ith?, ? iiaa?oiath iaeiai aeca?eaea a ?acoeueoao?
/iai a aiie?ooaeii? oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ?nio? iaioa e?euee?noue cii O?aiaey
? a?aeiia?aeii ciaioo?oueny iaa?a oace a iaaeao aia?oo?e aaeeeiai
aeca?eaea.

Aeaaaeai? oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooieo na?aaeiuei? ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino? ii
iiooaeiino? iaeiiaei??ii? ? aeaiaei??ii? aia?oo?, ui a?aoiaothoue aieea
oo?aoeaioii? aoiinoa?e.

a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icoe?aiiy aieiaii? iaethnoee ? ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino?
aei?ii?ithaaiiy a iniiaiiio iai?yieo. Cai?ia aeaiaei??ii? aia?oo?e
iaeiiaei??iith ia a?aeaeaa? ae?enii? ea?oeie, ai a?aeiinia ?icoe?aiiy
NAeI ii iiooaeiino? o iaeiiaei??ii? aia?oo?e a?eueoa, i?ae o
aeaiaei??ii?.

Io?eiai? iniiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey na?aaeiueiai eiao?oe??ioo
iai?aaeaii? ae??. I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?aaeiueiai EIAe
nenoaie, a oaeiae ao?ao eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy. I?e oeueiio
anoaiiaeaii, ui ao?aoe EIAe a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeaoue a?ae aeenia?n??
oaciaeo oeoeooaoe?e iiey, a oaeiae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aae?ono i?inoi?iai?
ei??aeyoe?? aei ae?aiao?o aia?oo?e. Aeyaeaii, ui ia ao?aoe EIAe ia?
aieea aeaeyae aiie?ooaeiiai ?iciiae?eo iiey a aia?oo?? aioaie, oaeei
/eiii i?e ?iciiae?e? niaaeath/iai iiey a aia?oo?? aaeeeiai aeca?eaea
ao?aoe EIAe ia 50% iaio, i?ae i?e ??aiii??iiio.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ? i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaie. I?e oeueiio
oe?eia AeI neeaea 0,70((0,9(. ??aaiue aieiaiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy-24aeA(-27aeA, a eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy nenoaie neeaa
39aeA.

9. I?iaiae?ciaaiee aieea a?aeoeeaiiy ia??aiii??iino? iiaa?oi? iniiaiiai
aeca?eaea ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy aioaie. I?e oeueiio iiaeeea?
ao?aoe eiao?oe??ioa i?aeneeaiiy neeaee aeecueei 7aeA a ?acoeueoao? oiai,
ui oacia? iiieeee iiey aeeeeeai? ia??aiii??i?noth iiaa?oi? neeaee 130(.

Oaeei /eiii: canoinoaaiiy caniao aaiiao?iiioe/iiai iaaeeaeaiiy aeicaiey?
i?aaenoaaeoe aeeiai?eo ci?ie aiie?ooaeii-oaciaiai ?iciiae?eo iiey a
aia?oo?? iniiaiiai aeca?eaea c o?aooaaiiyi an?o aaiiao?e/ieo ?
aeaeo?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee nenoaie, ui ii?ii?ith?. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeicaieythoue i?iaanoe iioei?caoe?th aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
aeaiaeca?eaeueii? aioaiii? nenoaie ii ianooiiei oa?aeoa?enoeeai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy: ii ??aith aieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, oe?ei? aieiaii?
iaethnoee ae?aa?aie iai?aaeaiino? ? eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy nenoaie.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeoee a ianooiieo ?iaioao aaoi?a:

Eiaeiaa E.I., I?eia Ae.O., Ae?iaioia A.A. Aiaeec ?ani?aaeaeaiey
ieioiinoe oiea ia iiaa?oiinoe iaeiai ca?eaea. //Aanoiee NaaAOO. Aui.5:
Eioi?iaoeea, yeaeo?iieea, naycue: Na. iao/. o?. — Naaanoiiieue: NaaAOO,
1997. — n. 101-105.

Eiaeiaa E.I., Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A. I?eiaiaiea iaoiaea
aaiiao?e/aneie oai?ee aeeo?aeoeee aeey iienaiey iiey aaeece iiaa?oiinoe
iaeiai ca?eaea a aioaiia Eannaa?aia // Aanoiee NaaAOO. Aui.10:
Eioi?iaoeea, yeaeo?iieea, naycue: Na. iao/. o?. — Naaanoiiieue: NaaAOO,
1997. — n. 144-148.

Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A., Noaiaiia E.I. Aeeyiea o?aiaeaaneie ciiu ia
?ani?aaeaeaiea iiey aaeece iiaa?oiinoe iaeiai ca?eaea a aeaooca?eaeueiie
aioaiia // Aanoiee NaaAOO. Aui.10: Eioi?iaoeea, yeaeo?iieea, naycue: Na.
iao/. o?. — Naaanoiiieue: NaaAOO, 1997. — n. 125-130.

Eiaeiaa E.I., Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A. Aeeyiea aiieeooaeiiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey iiey a aia?oo?u aeeo?aeoeeiiiie aioaiiu ia aa
noaoenoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee eceo/aiey // Ecaanoey AOCia:
?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea. — Eeaa: IOOO “EIE”, 1998. — ?1. — n. 11-19.

Eiaeiaa E.I., Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A. Iniaaiiinoe noaoenoe/aneeo
oa?aeoa?enoee eeiaeiie aia?oo?u, iaoneiaeaiiua niaaeathuei aiieeooaeiui
?ani?aaeaeaieai iiey enoi/ieeia // Ecaanoey AOCia: ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea. —
Eeaa: IOOO “EIE”, 1998. — ?3. — n. 3-11.

Eiaeiaa E.I., Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A., Noaiaiia E.I. Neioac
iaeo/athuae nenoaiu ni niauaiiie oieaeueiie inueth aei
eaaceia?aaiee/aneeo ca?eae // O?oaeu 3-e iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii –
oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee ii yeaeo?inayce, oaeaaeceiiiiio e caoeiaiio
aauaieth. — Iaeanna, 1997. — n.405-408.

Eiaeiaa E.I., Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A., Noaiaiia E.I. Iioeiecaoeey
ia?aiao?ia iaeii e iiiaiyeaiaioiiai iaeo/aoaey aei ei?ioeioieoniuo
aeaooca?eaeueiuo aioaii // O?oaeu 3-e iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii –
oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee ii yeaeo?inayce, oaeaaeceiiiiio e caoeiaiio
aauaieth. — Iaeanna, 1997. — n.409-412.

Eiaeiaa E.I., Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A., Noaiaiia E.I. Neioac
iaeo/athuae nenoaiu ni niauaiiie oieaeueiie inueth aei ia?aaiee/aneeo
ei?ioeioieoniuo ca?eae // O?oaeu 7-e iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii –
oaoie/aneie iee?iaieiiaie eiioa?aioeee: NA* – oaoieea e
eiiioieeaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee. — Naaanoiiieue, 1997. — n.526-528.

Eiaeiaa E.I., Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A. Aeeyiea niaaeathuaai
aiieeooaeiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey iiey ia iniiaiua noaoenoe/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee eceo/aiey aeaoia?iuo aia?oo? // O?oaeu 7-e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii – oaoie/aneie iee?iaieiiaie eiioa?aioeee: NA* –
oaoieea e eiiioieeaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee. — Naaanoiiieue, 1997. —
n.524-525.

Eiaeiaa E.I., Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A. Noaoenoe/aneea ioeaiee iniiaiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee eceo/aiey aeaoia?iuo aia?oo? ni niaaeathuei aiieeooaeiui
?ani?aaeaeaieai iiey // O?oaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee ii oai?ee e
oaoieea aioaii. — Eeaa, IOOO “EIE”, 1997. — n.24-26

Eiaeiaa E.I., Ae?iaioia A.A., Ie?ia A.A. Ioeaiea iioa?ue oneeaiey
aeaooca?eaeueiie aioaiiu aeey caaeaiiiai aiieeooaeii-oaciaiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey iiey a aa aia?oo?a // Ecaanoey AOCia: ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea.
— Eeaa: IOOO “EIE”, 1999. — ?5. — n. 11-18.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ae?iaioia A. A. Iioei?caoe?y oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy noaeiiaeo
aioai noiooieeiaeo nenoai ?aae?ica’yceo. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.12.07 – Aioaie oa i?eeaaee i?e?ioaeeueiai?
oaoi?ee. – Naaanoiiieuenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
Naaanoiiieue, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi iioei?caoe?? oa?aeoa?enoee
aei?ii?ithaaiiy noiooieeiaeo aioai noaeiiaiai ?aae?ica’yceo. A ?iaio?
?ic?iaey?oueny iiaa iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeeo?aeoe?eieo aioai, ui
aeicaiey? a?aooaaoe oie oaeo, ui aeaiaioe aioaiii? nenoaie ?ici?uai? a
cii? O?aiaey. Oea aeanoue iiaeeea?noue i?iaanoe iioei?caoe?th
oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai. Oaeiae io?eiai?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ui aeicaieyoue io?eiaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy
aioaiii? nenoaie c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ia?aiao??a i?eaiaeiiai oa?o
ae?enii? aoiinoa?e, ui aeoaea aaaeeeai i?e i?iaeooaaii? aioaiieo nenoai
noiooieeiaiai ?aae?ica’yceo. I?iaaaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae?. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee
canoinoaaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii? aeaiaeca?eaeueieo aioai noiooieeiaiai
ca’yceo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, ae?enia aoiinoa?a, oa?aeoa?enoeee
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aiae?c, aeeo?aeoe?eia aioaiia.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ae?iaioia A.A. Iioeiecaoeey oa?aeoa?enoee eceo/aiey noaeiauo aioaii
niooieeiauo nenoai ?aaeeinayce. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.12.07 – Aioaiiu e ono?ienoaa iee?iaieiiaie
oaoieee. – Naaanoiiieueneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao,
Naaanoiiieue,1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iioeiecaoeee oa?aeoa?enoee eceo/aiey
niooieeiauo aioaii noaeiaie ?aaeeinayce. A ia?aie aeaaa
aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou ?anniio?aiu iniiaiua o?aaiaaiey i?aaeuyaeyaiua
e aioaiiai noaeiaie niooieeiaie ?aaeeinayce, i?iaaaeai iaci?
nouanoaothueo oeiia aioaii noaeiaie niooieeiaie ?aaeeinayce. Oaeaea
?anniio?aiu iniiaiua iaoiaeu ?an/aoa iiey a aia?oo?a aeeo?aeoeeiiiuo
aioaii e noaoenoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee eceo/aiey. Ai aoi?ie aeaaa
i?iecaaaeai auai? iniiaiuo aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia iaeo/athuae
nenoaiu. ?anniio?aiu aii?inu iino?iaiey ciioe/iuo aioaii iniaaiiinoe eo
eiino?oeoeaiiai eniieiaiey e iniaaiiinoe ?an/aoa oa?aeoa?enoee
eceo/aiey. Iieo/aiu iniiaiua niioiioaiey aeey ?an/aoa
aiieeooaeii-oaciaiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey iiey a aia?oo?a aeaooca?eaeueiie
aioaiiu iino?iaiiie ii noaia Eannaa?aia e i?iecaaaeai aiaeec aiciiaeiuo
aiieeooaeii-oaciauo ?ani?aaeaeaiee iiey. A o?aoae aeaaa iieo/aiu
niioiioaiey aeey n?aaeiae aeeaa?aiiu iai?aaeaiiinoe ii iiuiinoe
aeaoia?iie e iaeiiia?iie aia?oo?, n?aaeiaai eiyooeoeeaioa iai?aaeaiiiai
aeaenoaey e iioa?ue eiyooeoeeaioa oneeaiey. I?iaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue
aiaeec n?aaeiae aeeaa?aiiu iai?aaeaiiinoe ii iiuiinoe aeaoia?iie e
iaeiiia?iie aia?oo?. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua niioiioaiey aeey ioeaiee
aeenia?nee oeoeooaoeee iai?aaeaiey aeaaiiai iaeneioia aeeaa?aiiu
iai?aaeaiiinoe. A /aoaa?oie aeaaa i?iaaaeaiu /eneaiiua enneaaeiaaiey
n?aaeiae aeeaa?aiiu iai?aaeaiiinoe ii iiuiinoe aeaoia?iie e iaeiiia?iie
eeiaeiie aia?oo? e i?iaaaeai eo n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec. I?iaaaeaiu
enneaaeiaaiey oiaiueoaiey n?aaeiaai EIAe a oneiaeyo ?aaeueiie aoiinoa?u,
a oaeaea ioeaiea iioa?ue eiyooeoeeaioa oneeaiey. A iyoie aeaaa
?anniio?aiu iaoiaeu ecia?aiey iniiaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee eceo/aiey
aeaooca?eaeueiuo aioaii. Noi?ioee?iaaiu iniiaiua o?aaiaaiey e
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiio ecia?eoaeueiiio eiiieaeno. I?iaaaeaiu
yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey oa?aeoa?enoee eceo/aiey iaeo/athuae
nenoaiu e oa?aeoa?enoee eceo/aiey aeaooca?eaeueiuo aioaii n oeaeueiui
aieueoei ca?eaeii aeeaiao?ii 1,77i e nai?iui aeeaiao?ii 1,83i. I?iaaaeai
aiaeec aeeyiey noaoenoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee, iaoneiaeaiiuo iaoi/iinoueth
ecaioiaeaiey i?ioeey aieueoiai ca?eaea, ia oa?aeoa?enoeee eceo/aiey
nenoaiu.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue aeey
?an/?oa aeaooca?eaeueiie aioaiiu Eannaa?aia ia iniiaa
aaiiao?iiioe/aneiai i?eaeeaeaiey. I?iaaaeaiu oai?aoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey
caaeneiinoe aiieeooaeii-oaciaiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey iiey a aia?oo?a
aieueoiai ca?eaea io aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia iaeo/athuae nenoaiu.
Auaaaeaiu oi?ioeu aeey ?an/?oa n?aaeiae aeeaa?aiiu iai?aaeaiiinoe ii
iiuiinoe iaeiiia?iie e aeaoia?iie aia?oo?. I?iaaaeaiu oai?aoe/aneea
enneaaeiaaiey n?aaeiae aeeaa?aiiu iai?aaeaiiinoe ii iiuiinoe aeey
iaeiiia?iie e aeaoia?iie aia?oo?. Iieo/aiu iniiaiua niioiioaiey aeey
n?aaeiaai eiyooeoeeaioa iai?aaeaiiiai aeaenoaey. I?iaaaeaiu
oai?aoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey n?aaeiaai EIAe nenoaiu, a oaeaea iioa?ue
eiyooeoeeaioa oneeaiey. I?iaiaeece?iaaii aeeyiea ioeeiiaiey
ia?aaiiia?iinoe iiaa?oiinoe iniiaiiai ca?eaea ia oa?aeoa?enoeee
eceo/aiey aioaiiu. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?eiaiaiea i?e
i?iaeoe?iaaiee aeaooca?eaeueiuo aioaii niooieeiaie nayce.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, ?aaeueiay aoiinoa?a,
oa?aeoa?enoeee eceo/aiey, aiaeec, aeeo?aeoeeiiiay aioaiia.

THE SUMMARY

Drobotov A.A. Optimization of radiation characteristics of ship antennas
for radio communication satellite systems. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate(s degree of engineering science by specialty
05.12.07 — Antennas and devices of a microwave engineering. — Sevastopol
state engineering university, Sevastopol, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the problems of radiation characteristics
of ship antennas for radio communication satellite antennas. In the work
the new mathematical model of diffraction antennas has been developed.
The model allowed to take into account the fact that antenna system
elements are located in the Frenell zone. Therefore, it was possible to
carry out optimization of radiation characteristics of two-mirror
antennas. Taking into account sea surface influence expressions for
radiation characteristics of an antenna system have been obtained. The
formulas are very important for design of satellite radio communication
antenna systems. The experimental confirmation of the developed model
has been obtained. The basic results of the work have been found a use
for design of satellite communication two-mirror antennas.

Key words: a mathematical model, real atmosphere radiation
characteristics, analysis, diffraction antenna.

?en.1 Aiie?ooaeiee ? oaciaee ?iciiae?e iiey a aia?oo?? aeaiaeca?eaeueii?
aioaie i?e 2a=1,83i ? 2a=1,77i

?en.2 NAeI i?e ??ciiiai?oieo ?iciiae?eao iiey a aia?oo??

?en.3 Cieaeaiiy EIAe a caeaaeiino? a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aae?ono
i?inoi?iai? ei??aeyoe?? aei ae?aiao?o aia?oo?e i?e A=5

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