Охорона виїмкових штреків у виробленому просторі за суцільної системи розробки в умовах Червоноармійського району Донбасу: Автореф. дис… канд. техн.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie

IIIIIA?AIEI Iaaei ?aaiiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e i?aecaiii? ?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei Aeiiaoeueeiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

NAIEOeUeEEE Einoyioei Oaaei?iae/

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo
oi?aae?iiy aeeiai?/ieie i?iyaeaiiyie a??nueeiai oeneo ?inoeoooo
aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie

EO?IINIA Aiaoie?e Oeiio?eiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aeiiaoeueeee aoa?eueiee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo
I?i?noa?noaa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 21 n?/iy 1999? i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.080.03 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e i?e
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (320027, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee
-27, i?.E.Ia?ena,19)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (320027, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee -27,
i?.E.Ia?ena)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 21 eenoiiaaea 1998?

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee e.o.i., aeioeaio
A.A.Oa?/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie ciaoiaeeoueny a aeeaie?e e?ec?. Ca
ia??iae c 1990 ii 1997 ?iee ianya aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey ciaioeany a 2.2
?ace (c 164.8 aei 75 iei.o). Iecueea i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ? aeniea
nia?aa?o?noue aoa?eey oe?a?inueeeo oaoo — iniiai? i?e/eie eiai iaaeniei?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia o?eueee ia na?oiaiio ?eieia?, aea e
ana?aaeei? e?a?ie.

Oaooiee oiiae Oe?a?ie aeoaea noa?ee. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue aoa?eueieo
oaoo aenieoaoo?oueny iiiaae 30 ?ie?a, a iieiaeia on?o oaoo — iiiaae 50
?ie?a. ?aeiino?oeoe?y oaoo i?iaiaeeeanue a?eueo i?ae 20 ?ie?a oiio.

No?aoaa?/iith caaea/ath aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aaeoc?, ui ?icii/aeany, iaeiae, oaiie ?? iecuee?.
*a?ac ae?ae aaaeeee noai on??? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ia ia iiaea iaeaeeae/ei
/anii caaacia/eoe aaeeeiianooaai? ?iaioe c ?aeiino?oeoe?? aoa?eueieo
oaoo oa oaeaeeiio cae?eooth oeo c ieo, /ey iiaeaeueoa aenieoaoaoe?y
iaaeioe?eueia.

A aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao, ui neeaeeny, aieiaiith caaea/ath ianooiieo ?ie?a
iiaeiii noaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a, ye? aeicaieyoue iie?ioeoe noai
aaeoc? nenoaiith i??ii?e?inoa c i?i?iaeueieie eai?oaeueieie
aeeaaeaiiyie. ?aoe?iiaeueia i?aeaioiaea ? a?ae?iaea ae?ieiaeo iie?a a
oiiaao ae?th/eo oaoo — iaeia c oaeeo i??ii?e?inoa.

Noiaiiaa nenoaia ?ic?iaee, ui iianthaeii canoiniaoaaeanue ?ai?oa, i?e
ia?aoiae? a??ie/eo ?ia?o ia a?eueo? aeeaeie ii/aea ao?a/aoe nai?
ia?aaaae ye /a?ac cia/iee ?ic?ea o /an? i?ae caaa?oaiiyi a?ae?iaee
ae?ieiaeo noiai?a ? i?aeaioiaeith iiaeo, oae ? /a?ac iecueeo no?ee?noue
ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a.

sse iane?aeie — cia/i? iaoa??aeuei? ? o?oaeia? aeo?aoe ia ia?ae??ieaiiy
oo?ae?a iiia?aaeo eaa, no?eioaaiiy iinoaaiiy inoaii?o, cia/ia c?inoaiiy
aa?oino? aoa?eey oa iia??oaiiy ?ioeo oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a
i/enieo aeai?a.

Oiio c? ca?eueoaiiyi aeeaeie i?iaaaeaiiy a??ie/eo ?ia?o, c ia?aoiaeii
aei a?ae?iaee iaeiiiooaeieo oa iniaeeai aeeeaeiiaaacia/ieo ieano?a
niinoa??aa?oueny no?eea oaiaeaioe?y cai?uaiiy noiaiiai? nenoaie ?ic?iaee
nooe?eueiith. Iaeiae, i?yia ia?aianaiiy aeina?aeo 50-60 ??., eiee oey
nenoaia ?ic?iaee oe?iei canoiniaoaaeanue, iaiiaeeeaa, ai c oeie
ia?aiao?aie nenoaie (iacia/i? ?ici??e ae?ieiaeo iie?a, eaa), iecuee?e
iaoai?caoe?? i/enieo ? caeeaaeieo ?ia?o, ?nioth/eo niiniaao ioi?iie
oo?ae?a ? o.?i. aiia aoaea i?inoi iaeiieo?aioini?iiiaeiith. Ca iei?oieo
oiia aeiaaeeia ae?ieiaiai noiaia ? aeiaaeeia eaae iiaeii? aooe oaeeie,
ye ca noiaiiai? nenoaie ?ic?iaee, oiaoi no?ie ?nioaaiiy ae?iaie o
ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? a ii??aiyii? c 50-60 ??. cia/ii c?inoa?. Oiio
caaea/a ioi?iie ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? ca nooe?eueii?
nenoaie ?ic?iaee ca?ac aeoaea aeooaeueia.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa — onoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?iciiae?eo iai?oaeaiue ? ci?uaiue
iaaeiei i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaie a ?icaaioaaeai?e cii? ? ?ic?iaea ia ?o
iniia? niinia?a caaacia/aiiy no?eeino? oa aac?aiiioii? i?aeo?eiee
oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee.

Aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaea/?:

Aeine?aeeoe no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? i?aecaiii? ?ic?iaee aoa?eueieo ieano?a
Aeiiaano oa onoaiiaeoe ia?niaeoeae canoinoaaiiy nooe?eueii? nenoaie
?ic?iaee.

Iaa?oiooaaoe oa ?ic?iaeoe aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ? aeeiiaoe
?ic?aooiie ia?aiao??a nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee.

?ic?iaeoe iaoiae ?ic?aooieo e?eueeino? ca?eie ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie
?ic?iaee c o?ueiia ae?ieiaeie oo?aeaie.

Aeine?aeeoe aieea ia?aiao??a caeeaaeii? nioae ia no?ee?noue ae?iaee, ui
ioi?iiy?oueny ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee.

Aeine?aeeoe iano/o caeaoi?noue e??ieaiiy ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a, ui
ioi?iiy?oueny o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??.

Aeine?aeeoe a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao aieea iaoai?ciaaii? caeeaaeee
cae??iiiai i?inoi?o ionoith ii?iaeith ia ci?uaiiy eiioo?a ae?iaee.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ii??ae
*a?aiiia?i?enueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano ye caeeaaeiiai iaoa??aeo.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aiae?c iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio (IAeN) ii?iaeiiai ianeao
/eneiaeie iaoiaeaie, a?coaeuei? niinoa?aaeaiiy oa iaoo?i? aei??e
ci?uaiue eiioo?a ae?iaee, i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy iaoai?ciaaiiai niiniao
caeeaaeee ionoith ii?iaeith, eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae
caeeaaeiiai iaoa??aeo.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui caoeuathoueny o aeena?oaoe??:

1. Aac?aiiioia i?aeo?eiea a?aeeioiiai i?ii?aeiiai oo?aea, i?ieaeaiiai
ne?aeii ca eaaith a ?icaaioaaeai?e cii?, aeinyaa?oueny eiai ioi?iiith
caeeaaeiith nioaith oe?eiith 20-22 i ca iiaeoey i?oaeiino? A3 ( 0.1 a?ae
iiaeoey THiaa ii?iaee iie??ae? ? iaoai?ciaaiith caeeaaeeith cae??iiiai
i?inoi?o iiae??aiaiith ii?iaeith.

2. A?eiaa e??ieaiiy c niaoei?io?eth NAI-22, onoaiiaeaia c e?ieii 1 i,
caaacia/o? no?ee?noue i?ii?aeiiai a?aeeioiiai oo?aeo, ui ioi?iiy?oueny o
ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? caeeaaeiith nioaith ia aeeaei? I ( 800 i?e
i?oeiino? ii??ae iie??ae? ia noeniaiiy 40 IIa.

3. Iaoai?ciaaia caeeaaeea iiae??aiaii? ii?iaee c ?ici??aie eone?a, ui ia
ia?aaeuothoue 70 ii cae??iiiai i?inoi?o i?ae eiioo?ii ia?a??co ae?iaee o
i?io?aeoe? ? e??ieeueieie ?aiaie, ui aei??aith? 0.35 – 0.4 i, ni?ey?
a?eueo ??aiii??iiio iaaaioaaeaiith e??ieaiiy ? cieaeo? cnoiaiiy iie??ae?
a 1.8-2.0 ?ace a ii??aiyii? c caiiaiaiiyi oeueiai i?inoi?o aea?aaii ?
ionoith ii?iaeith a?o/io.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae?iaee ae?ieiaeo iie?a 11-i? i?aaeaiii?,
11-i? i?ai?/ii? oa 12-i?aaeaiii? eaa ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee c
o?ueiia ae?ieiaeie oo?aeaie ia oaoo? ?1/3 «Iiaia?iaeianueea» AeOE
«Nae?aeiaaoa?eey».

Iaoeiao iiaecio noaiiaeyoue ianooii? io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co o?eaei??iiai iai?oaeaiiai noaio ianeao c
aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??y Ia?/aanueeiai-Oaoaiea io?eiaia iiaa caeaaei?noue
iaeneiaeueiiai aea?aaeaioiiai iai?oaeaiiy a iie??ae? ae?ieiaiai oo?aeo,
ui ioi?iiy?oueny o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??, a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaeoeae
i?oaeiino? caeeaaeii? nioae ? ii?iaee iie??ae?. Onoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue
aeicaiey? aecia/aoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e caeeaaeii? nioae, ui
ioi?iiy? i?ii?aeiee a?aeeioiee oo?ae o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??.

2. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue, yea ii?aeio? iaeneiaeuei? ii?iaeuei?
iai?oaeaiiy a e??ieaii? i?aeaioia/i? ae?iaee c ia?aiao?ii (n/((, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? oiiae ?ic?iaee. Io?eiaia caeaaei?noue aeicaiey? aecia/eoe
iaeanoue iiaeeeaiai canoinoaaiiy iaoaeaaiai e??ieaiiy c niaoei?io?eth
NAI (aeeaeio ?ic?iaee ? i?oei?noue ai?uoth/eo ii??ae).

3. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy
onoaiiaeaiee aieea ia?aiao??a nenoaie ?ic?iaee ia aaee/eio nia?aa?oino?
1 o aoa?eey, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny oei, ui ca iaeieo ? oeo aea
oaeaeeinoae iinoaaiiy aeaith ca?eueoaiiy iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeeie
ae?ieiaiai noiaia ? aeiaaeeie eaae ciaioothoue nia?aa?o?noue aoa?eey ca
aaniethoiith aaee/eiith, a i?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai
aeaith a?aeiinia ciaioaiiy nia?aa?oino? iaeeiaeiaa ca aoaeue-yei?
iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeei? ae?ieiaiai noiaia ? aeiaaeei? eaae.

Onoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? aeicaieythoue ieaioaaoe nia?aa?o?noue
aeiaooiai aoa?eey a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai
aeaith i?e caaeaieo iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeei? eaae oa aeiaaeei?
ae?ieiai? ae?eyiee.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ice?eoo? caeiiii??iinoae ?iciiae?eo
iai?oaeaiue ? ci?uaiue iaaeiei ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a, ioi?iiy?ieo o
ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??, a ciiao, ui caciathoue aieeao i/enieo ?ia?o, ?
a?aooaaii? ?o a i?ioean? iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a caeeaaeii? nioae oa
e??ieaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo
iioeiaeueieo ca aa?o?noth ia?aiao??a nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ?
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a caeeaaeii? nioae oa
e??ieaiiy ae?ieiaiai oo?aea, ui ioi?iiy?oueny o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??.

Oaoiieia?y iaoai?ciaaiiai nii?oaeaeaiiy caeeaaeieo nioa ? caaoo?aee
cae??iiiai i?inoi?o c ia?aiao?aie, ui aecia/ai? ca ?ic?iaeaieie
iaoiaeeeaie, aeei?enoai? i?ae /an a?ae?iaee o?ueio ae?ieiaeo iie?a ca
nooe?eueiith nenoaiith ?ic?iaee ia oaoo? ? 1/3 «Iiaia?iaeianueea» AeOE
«Nae?aeiaaoa?eey».

Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a nooe?eueii? nenoaie
?ic?iaee ai?iaaaeaeaia i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee ca oe??th nenoaiith
ae?ieiaeo iie?a ia oaooao AeOE «Nae?aeiaaoa?eey».

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue,

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? (Oaoiiaaii? ?ano?ne Oe?a?ie( (Ee?a, 1996?.),
i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Noaiiaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,1996?.), i?aeaoc?anuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie ?ica?aeee,
?ic?iaee oa caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei Oe?a?ie» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1997?.), ia?o?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aaioaoi?/ia iaoai?ea
inai?iiy iaae?», i?enay/ai?e 95-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea
IAI Oe?a?ie Iieyeiaa I.N. (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «OO? noi??//y — i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae
inai?iiy ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 ?.), ia
oaoi?/ieo ?aaeao AeOE «Nae?aeiaaoa?eey» (Aeeieo?iai, 1997, 1998 ??.), ia
iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao IAA Oe?a?ie (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997, 1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? 11 i?aoeue, a oiio /ene? 1
iiiia?ao?y, 6 noaoae a iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 4 noaoo? o ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a ? aeniiaeo,
aeeeaaeaia ia 149 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 32 ?enoiea,
10 oaaeeoeue, nienie e?oa?aoo?e c 116 iaeiaioaaiue oa 5 aeiaeaoe?a, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe ? ?o
i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeai? no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? i?aecaiii? ?ic?iaee
aoa?eueieo ieano?a Aeiiaano ? aecia/ai? ia?niaeoeae canoinoaaiiy
nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee, aeaia ei?ioea oa?aeoa?enoeea
a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo oiia *a?aiiia?i?enueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano, aecia/ai?
iniaeeaino? i?iaaaeaiiy oa ioi?iie ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a ca nooe?eueii?
nenoaie ?ic?iaee ? aeeiiaiee e?eoe/iee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue ioi?iie ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a ia iaae? oa aaciina?aaeiuei o
ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??.

Ca aeiiiiiaith aiae?co aeaieo i?aeoeee ? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
?ioeo aaoi??a anoaiiaeaii, ui noiaiiaa nenoaia ?ic?iaee, yea iianthaeii
canoiniaoaaeany ?ai?oa, i?e ia?aoiae? a??ie/eo ?ia?o ia a?eueo? aeeaeie
ii/aea ao?a/aoe nai? ia?aaaae ye /a?ac cia/iee ?ic?ea o /an? i?ae
caaa?oaiiyi a?ae?iaee ae?ieiaeo noiai?a ? i?aeaioiaeith iiaeo, oae ?
/a?ac iecueeo no?ee?noue ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a.

Aiae?c ci?ie ieoiii? aaae ?ic?iaee o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ia aeeaei? aei 600 i /anoea noiaiiai? nenoaie
neeaae? 68%, eiia?iiaaii? — 19%, a nooe?eueii? — 13%. Ia aeeaei? a?ae
600 aei 1000 i ieoiia aaaa noiaiiai? nenoaie ciaioo?oueny aei 39%, a
nooe?eueii?, iaaiaee, ca?eueoo?oueny c 13% aei 24%. Oey nenoaia ?ic?iaee
ia o?eueee onoaa? iniiai? iaaeie?ee noiaiiai? nenoaie, aea e a?eueo
aeieia?/ia /a?ac oa, ui any ii?iaea a?ae i?iaaaeaiiy ae?iaie
caeeoa?oueny o oaoo?.

O ia?niaeoea? aeeiaiiy ieano?a iiooaei?noth < 0.8i aoaea i?iaiaeeoenue a 50% i/enieo aeai?a c iaeino?eeith iie??aeath, ia ieanoao iiooaei?noth m=0.8i aeecueei 70% eaa aoaeooue i?aoethaaoe a oiiaao iano?eeeo ? aeoaea iano?eeeo iie??aaeue. Oea oo?oaeith? iiia?aaei? ieiioo?thaaiiy caian?a i?aeaioia/eie ae?iaeaie oa oneeaaeith? ?o i?aeo?eieo, o ca`yceo c /ei ia?niaeoeaa aeei?enoaiiy nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee cia/ii ?icoe?th?oueny. Ia iniia? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue a?o/eciyieo ? caei?aeiiieo a/aieo (I.I.Aaaeei, A.O.Aoeao, A.A.Aeiia?aaeia, A.A.Ae?aia, A.O.Aeooei, TH.A.A?yaeouee, I.I.Cai?uee, A.I.Ci??i, A.?.Eocy?a, A.A.Eeoaeinueeee, E.A.Iia?eiaa, E.ss.Ia?/aanueeee, A.N.I?iueeianueeee, A.I.Ona/aiei, ?.E.*a?iye, I.sseia? oa ?i.) anoaiiaeaii, ui ia nueiaiaei? a?aenooi?e niin?a ioi?iie ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a, yeee iiaeia aoei a iaeiicia/ii aaaaeaoe e?auei. ?nio? cia/ia e?euee?noue eiia?iaoe?e ioi?iie ? aea?? iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiiai c ieo ne?ae cae?enithaaoe o a?aeiia?aeiino? c eiie?aoieie a??ie/i-aaeia?/ieie oa a??ie/ioaoi?/ieie oiiaaie. Oae, iaeiei c iaeni?eyoeea?oeo niinia?a ioi?iie ae?iaie ? oaeee, eiee ae?iaea c iaeiiai aieo ioi?iiy?oueny ianeaii aoa?eey, a c ?ioiai iaaeo? c ae?iaeaiei i?inoi?ii. Naia a oaeiio iieiaeaii? ciaoiaeyoueny a?aeeioi? oo?aee i?e a?ae?iaoe? iaiaeae. Iaaiaee, naiee ni?eyoeeaee niin?a ioi?iie -?icoaooaaiiy ae?iaie a iaaaeaieo ii?iaeao. Inoaii?i /anii iioe?th?oueny canoinoaaiiy aa??aioo nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee c o?ueiia ae?ieiaeie oo?aeaie, aeaa c yeeo i?iaiaeyoueny ne?aeii ca eaaith a iaaaeaieo ii?iaeao oa ioi?iiythoueny i?ioyaii onueiai no?ieo neoaeae caeeaaeieie nioaaie c iiae??aiaii? ii?iaee. Iacaaaeath/e ia aoaeoeai?noue oeueiai aa??aioo i? ?aoe?iiaeuei? niiniae ioi?iie oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??, i? nai? ia?aiao?e nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee aei oeueiai /ano iaoeiai ia iaa?oioiaai?. Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaa?oiooaaiith ia?aiao??a nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee. Oeueiio ieoaiith aoee i?enay/ai? ?iaioe I.N.Ao?/aeiaa, I.O.Aeoeaeiaa, I.A.Eieieieiaa, TH.I.Eeieiae/a, A.N.Eieoeia, A.I.?acaio?aoa?a, TH.I.?oaeinueeiai, E.O.Naieoeueeiai, I.A.Nei/einueeiai, E.Ae.Oaayeiaa oa ?i. O a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeaiue caaea/a aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie ?ic?iaee caiaeeoueny aei aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a i/eniiai aeaith. I?e/iio, i?aeoe/ii an? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ?ic?iaeai? aeey oiia noiaiiai? nenoaie ?ic?iaee, aoee neeaaeieie c oi/ee ci?o oi?ioaaiiy ianeao aeo?aeieo aeaieo, a?aeia?aaeaee na?aaeiueiaaeocaao noaoenoeeo ? ia a?aoiaoaaee niaoeeo?eo eiie?aoiiai a??ie/iai i?aei?e?inoaa. Oiio aiie, ye i?aaeei, aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a i?iaeoieo i?aai?caoe?yo ? iaeaea ia aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/ieie ?ia?oieeaie aoa?eueieo oaoo. A aeai?e ?iaio?, aeey oiia no/aniiai aoaio, cai?iiiiiaaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, ui aeicaiey? oeyoii ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy a??ie/i-oaoi?/ieo oiia a?ae?iaee ae?eyiee oaooiiai iiey aecia/aoe ieoii? aeo?aoe. Oey iaoiaeeea a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?ai?oa ?ic?iaeaieo oei, ui i?ioean iioei?caoe?? aeeiio?oueny ia o?eueee ca /ioe?ia iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie (aeiaaeeiith eaae, oaeaee?noth iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith, aeiaaeeiith ae?ieiaiai iiey, iiooaei?noth ieanoa), aea e ioiieth? oe?oee ae?aiacii aeo?ao, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny (ca?ia?oio ieaoith i?aoe?aiee?a, iiaaoaiiy aa?oino? aoaeaaeaeiaoaiiai eiiieaeno, iiioaae ? aeaiiioaae eiiieaeno, o?ainii?ooaaiiy aoa?eey acaeiaae eaae eiiaae??ii, i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaie, i?aeo?eieo ae?iaie, o?anii?ooaaiiy aoa?eey o?ainii?oieie ae?iaeaie, e?euee?noue i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaie, i?ia?o?thaaiiy ae?ieiai? ae?eyiee). Oea aeicaieeei ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe?? an?o iniiaieo ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ii? noaie i/enieo ?ia?o, ui ?aae?co?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith ia?niiaeueieo AII. Ca e?eoa??e iioeiaeueiino? aeaii? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?eeiyoee aa?o?niee e?eoa??e - nia?aa?o?noue 1 o aoa?eey. Ca ?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith ia ia?niiaeueiiio eiii`thoa?? Pentium 2-300 aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee nia?aa?oino? 1 o aoa?eey aeey eaae aeiaaeeiith 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 i ui a?ae?iaey? ieano iiooaei?noth 0.8; 1.0; 1.2; 1.4 i ae?ieiaiai iiey aeiaaeeiith 800, 1000, 1200, 1600 i c oaeaee?noth iinoaaiiy aeaith 0.6; 1.0; 1.4; 2.6; 1.8; 2.2; 3.0; 3.4; 3.6 i/aeia. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a nia?aa?oino? 1o aoa?eey a ??cieo ii?aeiaiiyo oeeo ia?aiao??a oa ?o a?ao?/ia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y iiai?noth iaaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??. Onoaiiaeaii, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith, iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeeie eaae ? aeiaaeeie ae?ieiaiai noiaia nia?aa?o?noue ciaioo?oueny. ?acii c oei, aieea oeeo ia?aiao??a nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ia cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? iaiaeiaeiaee - naiee cia/iee aieea cae?enith? oaeaee?noue iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith, a naiee iacia/iee - aeiaaeeia ae?ieiaiai noiaia. Iniaeeai iaaeyaeii oea i?iyaey?oueny i?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? c 0.6 aei 1.8 i/aeia. Iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? aeaith oaeiae ciaioo? nia?aa?o?noue, iaeiae, oaiie oeueiai cieaeaiiy ciaioothoueny. Oey caeiiii??i?noue ni?aaaaeeeaa aeey ??cieo cia/aiue iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeeie eaae ? ae?ieiaiai noiaia. Oae, i?e a?ae?iaoe? noiaia aeiaaeeiith 1200i eaaith aeiaaeeiith 200i (oaae.1) ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith c 0.6 aei 1.8 i/aeia. (a 3 ?ace) ciaioo? nia?aa?o?noue aoa?eey a 2.6 ?ace. (c 39.36 aei 15.27 a?i/o i?e m = 0.8i; c 31.57 aei 12. 24 a?i/o i?e m =1.0i; c 26.39 aei 10. 27 a?i/o i?e m =1.2i ? c 22.68 aei 8. 87 a?i/o i?e m =1.4i). Iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith c 1.8 aei 3.6 o/aeia. (a 2 ?ace) cieaeo? nia?aa?o?noue 1.6 ?ace (c 15.2 aei 9.13 a?i/o i?e m=0.8i; c 12.24 aei 7.38 a?i/o i?e m =1.0i; c 10.27 aei 6.22 a?i/o i?e m =1.2i ? c 8.87 aei 5.38 a?i/o i?e m =1.4i). Oey caeiiii??i?noue niinoa??aa?oueny ia o?eueee aeey ??cii? iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aea e aeey ??cieo aeiaaeei eaae oa ae?ieiaiai noiaia, ui aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ianooiiee aeniiaie: ca iaeieo ? oeo aea oaeaeeinoae iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith ca?eueoaiiy iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeeie ae?ieiaiai noiaia ? aeiaaeeie eaae ciaioo? aaniethoio aaee/eio nia?aa?oino? aoa?eey, iaeiae, ciaioaiiy nia?aa?oino? ca a?aeiiniith aaee/eiith i?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith ia caeaaeeoue a?ae iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeeie aeeiaiiai noiaia ? aeiaaeeie eaae. Oaaeeoey 1. Ci?ia nia?aa?oino? 1 o aoa?eey i?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith ia ieanoao ??cii? iiooaeiino? (le = 200i, Lno = 1200i). Ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaethaaiiy onoaiiaeaia e?i?eia caeaaei?noue nia?aa?oino? aoa?eey a?ae iiooaeiino? ieanoa ? aeiaaeeie ae?ieiaiai noiaia oa ?? nooiaiaaa caeaaei?noue a?ae oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith oa aeiaaeeie eaae. Oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? i?ae nia?aa?o?noth ? aieeaath/eie ia?aiao?aie, iienaiee aeey aeaio ae?iaie, ? ni?aaaaeeeaei ? aeey o?ueio ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a. Iai?eeeaae, eiee oaeaee?noue iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith aei??aith? 1 i/aeia., a aeiaaeeia eaae aei??aith? 100, 150 e 250 i nia?aa?o?noue aeey aeaio ? o?ueio ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a a?aeiia?aeii aei??aith? 21.87 oa 22.24, 18.39 oa 18.63, 15.79 oa 15.93 a?i/o. Iacia/ia ca?eueoaiiy nia?aa?oino? niinoa??aa?oueny e ca ?ioeo cia/aiue aeiaaeeie eaae oa iiooaeiinoae iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee i?iaaaeaiiy oa ioi?iia o?aoueiai ae?ieiaiai oo?aea nooo?ai ia aieeaa? ia c?inoaiiy nia?aa?oino? aoa?eey. Ca ?acoeueoaie iiaeaethaaiiy iiaoaeiaaia iiiia?aia (?en.1), ca aeiiiiiaith yei? iiaeia i?ae?a?aoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee, aeoiaey/e c eiie?aoieo a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo ? a??ie/i-oaoi?/ieo oiia. ?en.1 Iiiia?aia aecia/aiiy nia?aa?oino? aoa?eey i?e ??cieo ia?aiao?ao nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue ? iaeao i?ia?ai, noai?aiee ia ?? iniia?, aeicaieyoue ?O? oaoo aeeiioaaoe iaiao?aei? ?ic?aooiee oa ?o aiae?c aaciina?aaeiuei ia i?aei?e?inoa?. A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? c iaoith e?euee?nii? ioe?iee aieeao ia?aiao??a caeeaaeii? nioae ia no?ee?noue oo?aeo, ui ioi?iiy?oueny o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??, ae??ooaaeanue i?inoi?iaa caaea/a aaiiaoai?ee aeey iaeano? ianeao, aaiiao??y yeiai iaoiiaeaia nooe?eueiith nenoaiith ?ic?iaee. ?iai/a noaia i?noeea niieo/aiiy eaae c a?aeeioiei ? i?ii?aeiei a?aeeioiei oo?aeaie, caeeaaeio nioao i?ae oo?aeaie, ae?iaeaiee i?ino?? ca eaaith ? iaoi?eaio /anoeio ianeao iiia?aaeo aeaith (?en.2). Aeei?enoiaoany iaoiae a?aie/ieo aeaiaio?a o oi?i? ?ic?eaieo ci?uaiue. Aeo?aeia nenoaia ??aiyiue oi?ioaaeanue ia iniia? aiae?oe/iiai ?ica"yceo caaea/? ?iaaaaea uiaei ?ic?eao ci?uaiue ia i?yiieooiiio aeaiaio? a i?oaeiiio i?inoi??. ?icaeyaeaeenue a??ie/i-aaieia?/i? oiiae oeiia? aeey *a?aiiia?i?enueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano. ?en. 2 Noaia aeine?aeaeoaaii? iaeano? ianeaa - eiao?oe??io aieiaiai ?icii?o). Iaae? ciie a?aie/iiai iai?oaeaiiai noaio a iie??ae? ieanoa aecia/aeenue ca e?eoa???i Ia?/aanueeiai-Oaoaiea: =7.5 IIa. Iiaeoeue caeeaaeii? nioae A3 aa??thaaany a iaaeao 0.05A1(A3(A1. A ?acoeueoao? noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee io?eiaieo ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo onoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue iaeneiaeueieo aea?aaeaioieo iai?oaeaiue a iie??ae? ieanoa a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaeoeae i?oaeiino? caeeaaeii? nioae ? ii?iaee: , IIa . , oe?eia yei? ia iaioa 20i. Iano/a caeaoi?noue e??ieaiiy i?ii?aeiiai a?aeeioiiai oo?aeo aeine?aeaeoaaeanue iaoiaeii a?aie/ieo aeaiaio?a o oi?i? o?eoeaieo iaaaioaaeaiue. : , IIa Oea a?aeiia?aea? a??ie/i-aaieia?/iei oiiaai *a?aiiia?i?enueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano. ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? i?e a?ae?iaoe? ae?ieiaeo iie?a 11-i? i?aaeaiii?, 11-i? i?ai?/ii? oa 12-i? i?aaeaiii? eaa ieanoa E8 ia oaoo? ? 1/3 "Iiaia?iaeianueea" AeOE "Nae?aeiaaoa?eey". Iiooaei?noue ieanoa 1-1.2 i, eoo iaae?iiy 12-13i. Aeiaaeeia noiai?a a?ae 800 aei 1500 i. Aeiaaeeia eaa a?ae 312 aei 340 i. Aeeaeia ?ic?iaee 660-810 i. A oeeo eaaao i?ioiaeea on?o oo?ae?a aeeiioaaeanue ao?i-aeaooiaei niiniaii o ci?oaiiio aeai? c ?icoaooaaiiyi aoa?eueiiai ieanoa o aa?oi?e /anoei? ia?a??co ae?iaee c i?ae?eaaiiyi i?aeioae. A?aeeioi? oo?aee e??ieeenue i?aeaeaoeeaeie o?aiaoe??aeaeieie e??ieaiiyie EIN, a i?ii?aei? a?aeeioi? ? aaioeeyoe?ei? - i?aeaeaoeeaei a?eiaei iaoaeaaei e??ieaiiyi EII - A5. Ia?a??c ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a a i?ioiaeoe? oa e??ieaii? a?aeiia?aeii neeaaeaee: a?aeeioiiai – 10.6 ? 8.8 i2, a i?ii?aeiiai a?aeeioiiai oa aaioeeyoe?eiiai – 17.7 ? 15.3 i2. A on?o o?ueio aeiaaeeao a?aeeioi? oo?aee i?iaiaeeeenue o aoa?eueiiio ianea? c iia?aaeaeaiiyi eaa ia 30-40i, aaioeeyoe?ei? - ne?aeii ca eaaith. Oaeiae ne?aeii ca eaaaie ia a?aenoai? 35-40i a?ae a?aeeioieo oo?ae?a i?iaiaeeeenue i?ii?aei? oo?aee. *a?ac eiaei? 60-70 i a?aeeioi? oa i?ii?aei? oo?aee ia"?aeioaaeenue ca?eeaie, ui neoaoaaee aeey o?ainii?ooaaiiy aoa?eey c a?aeeioiiai ia i?ii?aeiee a?aeeioiee oo?ae, i?ia?o?thaaiiy, ia?ai?uaiiy ethaeae ? aeinoaaee iaoa??ae?a. I?ney aaaaeaiiy a aenieoaoaoe?th iiai? ca?eee iiia?aaeiy ca?eea ? /anoeia a?aeeioiiai oo?aeo i?ae oeeie ca?eeaie aoee iiaaoai?. Ca oaei? noaie i?iaaaeaiiy ae?iaie a?aeeioiee oo?ae i?aeo?eioaaany ia iaae? c iaaaeaieie ii?iaeaie ia ca an??th aeiaaeeiith, a eeoa a?ae eaae aei ca?eee, ui aeicaieeei aeei?enoiaoaaoe e??ieeuei? ?aie iiaoi?ii. Oo?aee o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? ioi?iiyeenue caeeaaeieie nioaaie, ui nii?oaeaeoaaeenue ca aeiiiiiaith aeaio ae?iaeeueii-caeeaaeieo eiiieaen?a "Oeoai", onoaiiaeaieo ia i?ii?aeiiio a?aeeioiiio ? aaioeeyoe?eieo oo?aeao. A yeino? caeeaaeiiai iaoa??aeo aeei?enoiaoaaeanue ii?iaea i?aeioae oo?ae?a. Aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aiae?oe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a uiaei ca?eueoaiiy iiaeoey i?oaeiino? caeeaaeee (A3 ) /a?ac eiaei? aeaa iao?e ia?aeaeueii eaa? aei aea?aa`yieo no?eie i?eaeaaeanue iaoaeaaa n?oea, ui ca?eueooaaei u?euei?noue caeeaaeiiai ianeao. Neoiaei aiae?cii ca noaiaea?oiith iaoiaeeeith anoaiiaeaii, ui ii?iaea iiae??aith?oueny aei eeano 0-70ii. I?e/iio, ii?iaeiee ae??aiye (eeano 0-6ii) neeaaea? a caeeaaeiiio iaoa??ae? iiiaae 30%. C iaeiiai aieo oea ca?eueoeei u?euei?noue aooiai? nioae, a c ?ioiai - ni?e/eiyei nooo?aa ieeiooai?aiiy a eaa? ? noai?thaaei ia?aaeoiiae aei iaeeiaiiy ieeo a o?oaii?iaiae?. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie aaeaac?eieo aeanoeainoae a?aee?oo anoaiiaeaii, ui eiee eiai aieia?noue iaioa 20% iaaaciaea iaeeiaiiy ae??aii? o?aeoe?? ia aioo??oi?e iiaa?oi? o?oaii?iaiaeo ia aeieea?. Oaooieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie oaeiae onoaiiaeaii, ui caiiaiaiiy cae??iiiai i?inoi?o iiae??aiaiith ii?iaeith ca aeiiiiiaith onoaiiaee "Oeoai" ia o?eueee ciaioo? ci?uaiiy iie??ae? a 1.8-2 ?ace, aea e ni?ey? ??aiii??i?oiio iaaaioaaeaiith oo?aeiaiai e??ieaiiy, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaeie ci?uaiiyie niieo/aieo naaiaio?a o aoceao i?aeaeaoeeaino? oo?aeiaiai e??ieaiiy. Ca?eee i?ae a?aeeioiei ? i?ii?aeiei a?aeeioieie oo?aeaie e??ieeenue i?aeaeaoeeaei o?aiaoe??aeaeiei iaoaeaaei e??ieaiiyi c niaoei?io?eth NAI-22. *a?ac oa, ui ca?eee ciaoiaeeeenue a iaaaeaieo ii?iaeao, aiie ia caciaaaee aenieiai a??nueeiai oeneo. Iaa?oue ia a?aenoai? 500-600i a?ae eaae aiie i?aeoe/ii ia ao?a/aee no?ee?noue, ui aeicaieeei ca?eueoeoe a?aenoaiue i?ae ieie i?ae /an a?ae?iaee 12-i? i?aaeaiii? eaae c 60-70i aei 200-220i, a ?o aeiaaeeio - c 35-40i aei 20i. Iaoai?ciaaia caiiaiaiiy caeeaaeieo nioa ? cae??iiiai i?inoi?o oo?aeiaiai e??ieaiiy iiae??aiaiith ii?iaeith aeicaieeee a?aei?aoethaaoe on? o?e ae?ieiaeo noiaie aac ia?ae??ieaiiy ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a, ca?eueoeoe aeiaaeeio eaae aei 340i, a aeiaaeeio noiaia aei 1500i. Iaeneiaeueiee i?ny/iee aeaeiaooie aoa?eey neeaa 23391o, a iaeneiaeueia oaeaee?noue iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith – 44.1 i/i?n. Oe? oeeo?e ni?anoaaei? c iieacieeaie i/enieo aeai?a, ui a?ae?iaeythoue ae?ieia? noiaie cai?ioiei oiaeii, o ca"yceo c /ei AeOE "Nae?aeiaaoa?eey" acyea eo?n ia oe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee. Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo ae??oaiue i?ae /an a?ae?iaee 11-i? i?aaeaiii?, 11-i? i?ai?/ii? ? 12-i?aaeaiii? eaa ca nooe?eueiith nenoaiith ?ic?iaee ia oaoo? ? 1/3 Iiaia?iaeianueea AeOE "Nae?aeiaaoa?eey". AENIIAEE A aeena?oaoe??, ui ? caaa?oaiith iaoeiaith ?iaioith, iinoaaeaia ? ae??oaia aeooaeueia iaoeiaa caaea/a, ui iieyaa? a ?ice?eoo? caeiiii??iinoae ?iciiae?eo iai?oaeaiue ? ci?uaiue iaaeiei ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a o ?icaaioaaeai?e cii? oa ?ic?iaoe? ia ?o iniia? niinia?a caaacia/aiiy no?eeino? ? aac?aiiioii? i?aeo?eiee oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio: Aeine?aeaeai? no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? i?aecaiii? ?ic?iaee aoa?eueieo ieano?a Aeiiaano. Onoaiiaeaii, ui c ia?aoiaeii aeeaeie ?ic?iaee c 600 aei 1000 i ieoiia aaaa noiaiiai? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ciaioeeany c 68 aei 39%, a nooe?eueii? ca?eueoeeanue c 13 aei 24%. O ca`yceo c? ca?eueoaiiyi aeeaeie i?iaaaeaiiy a??ie/eo ?ia?o, ia?aoiaeii aei ?ic?iaee iaeiiiooaeieo ? iniaeeai aeeeaeiiaaacia/ieo ieano?a iaa?oioiaaia ia?niaeoeaa iiaeaeueoi? cai?ie noiaiiai? nenoaie nooe?eueiith. 2. Iaa?oioiaaia ? ?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui i?ioean iioei?caoe?? aeeiio?oueny ia o?eueee ca aeiaaeeiith eaae, oaeaee?noth iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith, aeiaaeeiith ae?ieiaiai iiey, iiooaei?noth ieanoa, aea e ioiieth? oe?oee ae?aiacii aeo?ao, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny. Onoaiiaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith, iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeeie ae?ieiaiai noiaia ? aeiaaeeie eaae ciaioo? nia?aa?o?noue 1 o aoa?eey. Iaeiae, aieea oeeo ia?aiao??a ia??aiicia/iee - naiee aaeeeee aieea ia ci?io aaee/eie nia?aa?oino? ia? oaeaee?noue iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith, a naiee iaeaiueeee - aeiaaeeia ae?ieiaiai noiaia. 3. Ca aeiiiiiaith /eneiaiai iaoiaeo a?aie/ieo aeaiaio?a aeine?aeaeaiee aieea caeeaaeii? nioae ia no?ee?noue ae?iaee, ui ioi?iiy?oueny, ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee oa iano/a caeaoi?noue oo?aeiaiai e??ieaiiy. Io?eiaia iiaa caeaaei?noue iaeneiaeueieo aea?aaeaioieo iai?oaeaiue a iie??ae? ae?iaee a?ae ni?a?aeiioaiiy iiaeoeae i?oaeiino? caeeaaeii? nioae ? ii?iaee iie??ae?. Onoaiiaeaii, ui aeey aeeiiaiiy oiiae no?eeino? iie??ae? ioi?iiy?iiai oo?aea iaiao?aeii noai?eoe caeeaaeio nioao oe?eiith 20-22i c iiaeoeai i?oaeiino? caeeaaeiiai iaoa??aeo 0.1Aii? iie??ae?. I?aaeeuei?noue oeueiai aeniiaeo i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie i?iieneiaiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao ioi?iie ae?iaie a 12-?e i?aaeaii?e eaa? ieanoa E8 ia oaoo? ?1/3 "Iiaia?iaeianueea". 4. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie a oaooieo oiiaao onoaiiaeaii, ui iaoai?ciaaia caeeaaeea iiae??aiaiith ii?iaeith cae??iiiai i?inoi?o i?ae eiioo?ii ia?a??co ae?iaee a i?io?aeoe? ? e??ieeueieie ?aiaie, ui aei??aith? 0.35 – 0.4 i ni?ey? a?eueo ??aiii??iiio iaaaioaaeaiith e??ieaiiy ? cieaeaiith iie??ae? ? 1.8 – 2.0 ?ace o ii??aiyii? c caiiaiaiiyi eiai aea?aaii ? ionoith ii?iaeith a?o/io. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? ia oaoo? ?1/3 "Iiaia?iaeianueea" AeOE "Nae?aeiaaoa?eey" ? i?eeiyo? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?iaeoe a?ae?iaee aeeiaieo noiai?a ia ?ioeo oaooao oe??? eiiiai??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a ianooiieo ioae?eaoe?yo: Iiaeeiaa E.A., Iiiiia?aiei I.E., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Ii?icia E.O. Iaoiae a?aie/iuo yeaiaioia a caaea/ao ai?iie aaiiaoaieee.-Aeiai?iiao?iane, “Iaoea e ia?aciaaiea”.-1997.-180 n. Ii?icia E.O., Iiiiia?aiei I.E., ?aae/aiei A.A. ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeey oaieueiuo oaoo //Iaoa??aee i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee”.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.- 1996.-n.19. Ii?icia E.O. Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe aicaaaeaiey aooiauo iiein i?e io?aia auaii/iuo oo?aeia // Iaoa?eaee iaaeaocianeie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu ?acaaaeee, ?ac?aaioee e iaiaauaiey iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo Oe?aeiu”.-Aeiai?iiao?iane.-“Iaoea e ia?aciaaiea”.-1997.-N.44-46. Iiiiia?aiei I.E., Ii?icia E.O., Eeaa?iai I.I. Yeiiiie/aneea e yeieiae/aneea aniaeou io?aaioee auaii/iuo noieaia i?e nieioiie nenoaia ?ac?aaioee // Iaoa?eaee iaaeaocianeie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu ?acaaaeee, ?ac?aaioee e iaiaauaiey iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo Oe?aeiu”.-Aeiai?iiao?iane.-“Iaoea e ia?aciaaiea”.-1997.-N.42-44. Iiiiia?aiei I.E., Ii?icia E.O., I?eoiaeueei A.A. Ioeaiea onoie/eainoe aaioeeyoeeiiiiai oo?aea i?e nieioiie nenoaia ?ac?aaioee // Iaoa?eaee iaaeaocianeie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu ?acaaaeee, ?ac?aaioee e iaiaauaiey iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo Oe?aeiu”.-Aeiai?iiao?iane.- “Iaoea e ia?aciaaiea”.-1997.-N.108-109. Ii?icia E.O., Iiiiia?aiei I.E. Ia?niaeoeau i?eiaiaiey nieioiie nenoaiu ?ac?aaioee a Aeiiaanna // “Oaieue Oe?aeiu”.-1997.-?12.-N.8-10 Iiiiia?aiei I.E., Ii?icia E.O. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey onoie/eainoe auaii/iuo oo?aeia i?e iaoaiece?iaaiiie caeeaaeea cae?aiiiai i?ino?ainoaa// I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Na??y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa oaoi?/i? iaoee.-1998.-?6 (73).-N.39-44. Ii?icia E.O. iiuo io?aiu auaii/iuo oo?aeia i?e nieioiie nenoaia ?ac?aaioee ia oaooa ?1/3 “Iiaia?iaeianeay”// I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Na??y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa oaoi?/i? iaoee.-1998.-?6 (73).- N.49-52. Iiiiia?aiei I.E., Anea?ia A.A., Ii?icia E.O. Iainiiaaiea iioeiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia nieioiie nenoaiu ?ac?aaioee // Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey “OO? noieaoea - i?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau inaiaiey ianoi?iaeaeaiee iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo”. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia Iaoeeiiaeueiie ai?iie aeaaeaiee Oe?aeiu.-?3.-o.3.-Aeiai?iiao?iane.-1998.-N.18-22. Ii?icia E.O. ?an/ao eiee/anoaa naiae i?e nieioiie nenoaia ?ac?aaioee. I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee // Na??y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa oaoi?/i? iaoee.-1998.-?24 (91).-N.43-48. Ii?icia E.O. Aiaeec iiaeoiaeia e eneaaeiaaieth iai?yaeaiii – aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey ianneaia o?aueiiaaouo ai?iuo ii?iae. I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee // Na??y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa oaoi?/i? iaoee.-1998.-?5 (72).-N. 41-48. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a o ?iaioe, iaienai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?: [ 1,5 ]-?ic?iaea ?ic?aooieiaiai aeai?eoio aieeao aei?noeino? caeeaaeii? nio-ae ia no?ee?noue oo?aeo oa ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo; [ 2 ]-?aae?caoe?y oa aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ia`?aeiaiiy aoa?eueieo oaoo o AI “Nae?-aeiaaoa?eey”; [ 4 ]-aiae?c e nenoaiaoecaoe?y ia?aaaa nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee oa niinia?a ioi?iie oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??; [ 7 ]-i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ia?iaea ?o ?acoeueoao?a; [ 9 ]-i?aeaioiaea aeo?aeieo aeaieo, ?ic?iaea ?ic?aooieiaiai aeai?eoio oa aia-e?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. AIIOAOe?ss Ii?icia ?.O. "Ioi?iia ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee a oiiaao *a?aiiia?i?enueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15.02 - "I?aecaiia ?ic?iaea ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei". Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo a?aie/ieo aeaiaio?a ?ice?eo? caeiiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo iai?oaeaiue ? ci?uaiue iaaeiei ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a a ?icaaioaaeai?e cii? ? ia ?o iniia? aecia/ai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e caeeaaeii? nioae oa oo?aeiaiai e??ieaiiy. Io?eiaia iiaa caeaaei?noue, ui iia’yco? iaeneiaeuei? iai?oaeaiiy a iie??ae? ae?iaee c ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi iiaeoeae i?oaeiino? caeeaaeii? nioae ? ii?iaee iie??ae?. ?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iioei?caoe?? ca aa?o?niei e?eoa???i (nia?aa?oino? 1o aoa?eey) iniiaieo ia?aiao??a nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee (aeiaaeeie eaae, oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith, aeiaaeeie ae?ieiaiai iiey, iiooaeiino? ieanoa) c o?aooaaiiyi aeo?ao ia ca?ia?oio ieaoo, iiioaae ? aeaiiioaae eiiieaeoo, o?ainii?ooaaiiy aoa?eey eiiaae??ii, i?iaaaeaiiy ? i?aeo?eiee i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaie, i?ia?o?thaaiiy ae?ieiai? ae?eyiee. ?ic?iaeaiee oa aei?iaoaaiee a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao iaoai?ciaaiee niin?a caiiaiaiiy caeeaaeieo nioa ? cae??iiiai i?inoi?o iiae??aiaiith ii?iaeith. Iienai? ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ca ia?aiao?aie caeeaaeieo nioa, oo?aeiaiai e??ieaiiy ? ca ia?aiao?aie nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ia oaoo? ?1/3 "Iiaia?iaeianueea" AeOE "Nae?aeiaaoa?eey". Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? a 1 iiiia?ao?? oa 10 noaooyo. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai, ae?ieia? oo?aee, nooe?eueia nenoaia ?ic?iaee, caeeaaeea iiae??aiaiith ii?iaeith, aooia? nioae. AIIIOAOeEss Ii?icia E.O. Io?aia auaii/iuo oo?aeia a au?aaioaiiii i?ino?ainoaa i?e nieioiie nenoaia ?ac?aaioee a oneiaeyo E?aniia?iaeneiai ?aeiia Aeiiaanna. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.02 - iiaecaiiay ?ac?aaioea ianoi?iaeaeaiee. - Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu. Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998. N iiiiuueth iaoiaea a?aie/iuo yeaiaioia ?ane?uou caeiiiia?iinoe ?ani?aaeaeaiey iai?yaeaiee e niauaiee aie?oa auaii/iuo oo?aeia a ?aca?oaeaiiie ciia e ia eo iniiaa ii?aaeaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua ia?aiao?u caeeaaei/iie iieinu e oo?aeiaie e?aie. Iieo/aia iiaay caaeneiinoue, naycuaathuay iaeneiaeueiua iai?yaeaiey a e?iaea au?aaioee n niioiioaieai iiaeoeae oi?oainoe caeeaaei/iie iieinu e ii?iaeu e?iaee. ?ac?aaioaia yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iioeiecaoeee ii noieiinoiiio e?eoa?eth (naaanoieiinoe 1 o oaey) iniiaiuo ia?aiao?ia nieioiie nenoaiu ?ac?aaioee (aeeeiu eaau, nei?inoe iiaeaeaaiey i/enoiiai caaiy, aeeeiu auaii/iiai iiey, iiuiinoe ieanoa) n o/aoii cao?ao ia ca?aaioioth ieaoo, iiioaae e aeaiiioaae eiiieaena, o?ainii?oe?iaaiea oaey eiiaaea?ii, i?iaaaeaiea e iiaeaea?aeaiea iiaeaioiaeoaeueiuo au?aaioie, i?iaao?eaaiea auaii/iiai o/anoea. ?ac?aaioai e ii?iaiaai a i?iiuoeaiiuo oneiaeyo iaoaiece?iaaiiue niinia caiieiaiey caeeaaei/iuo iiein e cae?aiiiai i?ino?ainoaa eciaeue/aiiie ii?iaeie. Iienaiu ?acoeueoaou aiaae?aiey ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ia?aiao?ai caeeaaei/iuo iiein, oo?aeiaie e?aie e ii ia?aiao?ai nieioiie nenoaiu ?ac?aaioee ia oaooa ? 1/3 “Iiaia?iaeianeay” AOE “Naeeaeiaioaieue”. Iaoa?eaeu enneaaeiaaiee iioaeeeiaaiu a iaeiie iiiia?aoee e aeanyoe noaoueyo. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiia ninoiyiea, auaii/iua oo?aee, caeeaaeea eciaeue/aiiie ii?iaeie, aooiaua iieinu, nieioiay nenoaia ?ac?aaioee. ANNOTATION I.T. Morozov. “Butt entry protection in the mined – out space using longwall mining systemm conditions of Krasnoarmeisk region in Donbass”. Manuskript. Thesis for scientific degree of candidate of technical sciences on speciality 05.05.02 – underground mining operations. National Mining University of Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk 1998. Due to the boundary element method the regularities of tension distribution and the shiftings around butt entries in unloaded zone have been discovered and rational parameters stowing band and entry support have been determined on their base. The new dependence connecting maximum tensions in the roof of working with the ratio of elasticity modules of stowing band and rock of the roof is obtained. Economic – mathematical model, optimization based on cost criterion (production costs of 1 t of coal) of the main parameters of longwall mining system (the length of lava, the sinking advance of working face, the layer thickness) with allowance for wages costs, mounting and dismantling of package, conveyor coal transportation, conducting and maintening development workings, ventilation of excavated site are developed. Mechanized method of filling stowing bands and supported space by crushed rock is developed and tested in industrial conditions. The results of introducing recommendations on parameters of stowing bands, entry support and on parameters of long wall mining system in the mine No 1/3 “Novogrodovskaya” State holding Company “Selidovugol” are described. The materials of researches are published in the monography and scientific articles. Key words: tension – deformed condition, butt entry longwall mining system filling by crushed rock, rubble bands, longwall mining system according. II?ICIA ?aai Oeiio?eiae/ Ioi?iia ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? i?e nooe?euei?e nenoai? ?ic?iaee a oiiaao *a?aiiia?i?enueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano (Aaoi?aoa?ao) I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 19.11.1198 ?. Oi?iao 30o42/4. Iai?? Polspeed. ?ecia?aoey. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1.0. Iae?eiai- aeaeaai. a?e.-1.0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? Aaceiooiaii. ?AE IAA Oe?a?ie 320600, AeNI, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 27, i?.E.Ia?ena, 19 PAGE 1

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