Оціночні еталони як засіб діагностики індивідуально-психологічних властивостей особистості: Автореф. дис… канд. психол. наук / О.В. Іванова, Ін-т пс

1

?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie

?AAIIAA IEAIA AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE 152.2+152.3

IOe?II*I? AOAEIIE ssE CAN?A Ae?AAIINOEEE

?IAeEA?AeOAEUeII-INEOIEIA?*IEO AEANOEAINOAE INIAENOINO?

19.00.07 — iaaeaaia?/ia oa a?eiaa ineoieia?y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?»Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eeceiaiei
Eaii?ae Aeieo?iae/, Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»,
eaoaae?a ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee, caa?aeoaa/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe Oaoaiei A?oae?e
Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo nioe?aeueii? oa iie?oe/ii?
ineoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie,

eaai?aoi??y iaoiaeieia?? ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noni?eueieo yaeu,
caa?aeoaa/.

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe Ee?eeaiei Oa?n?y Na?a??aia,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a caaaeueii? oa
?iaeaia?ii? ineoieia??, aeioeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ae?iaiaeoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?aaia

O?aiea I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ineoieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 17 o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.453.01 a ?inoeooo? ineoieia?? ?i.
A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a-33, aoe.
Iaiuee?anueea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ineoieia??
?i. A.N.Einothea AII
Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17 ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe I.?.Aeaen??aa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ci?ie, ye? iino?eii a?aeaoaathoueny a
Oe?a?i?, aea?? oeo /e ?ioeo oeyo?a aea?aeaaiiai ?icaeoeo iniaeeai aino?i
a?aeaeaathoueny ia iieiaeiio iieie?ii?, yea aeeth/aia a aeoeaia
nioe?aeueia aeeooy noni?euenoaa. Ea?aeeiaeuei? ci?ie a ?icaeoeo
aea?aeaae aenoaathoue ia?aae ?? iieiaeeie i?aaenoaaieeaie noai?? aeiiae
uiaei io?eiaiiy aenieieaae?o?eiaaii? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee, ai?iiy
i?eeiaoe iioeiaeuei? ??oaiiy a i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?yo ae?iaie/iai oa
n?iaeiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Noni?eueia aeoeai?noue ethaeeie ia noaae?? naiiaecia/aiiy aeeeeea?
iio?aao aii?yaeeoaaoe oa ?icaeyiooe ye oe?e?nio nenoaio an? aeeoo?a?
i?eioeeie ? oe?ii?ni? aoaeiie, ye? iaiothoue a noni?euenoa? ? aei??iai?
a ?iaeea?aeoaeueio na?aeii?noue ?? a?iiaaeyi. Oea aeicaiey? ia o?eueee
c?icoi?oe iaaeieeoi?e na?o, aea e ioe?ieoe eiai, aecia/eoe nai?
noaaeaiiy aei iueiai oa nai? i?noea a iueiio.

A ineoieia?? nenoaia ioe?ii/ieo aoaeii?a ethaeeie o?aaeeoe?eii
?icaeyaea?oueny ye no?eaeaiue naiina?aeiiino? ethaeeie. Oe?ii?ni?
i???ioaoe?? oa aoaeiie aeyaeythoueny a oe?e?ni?e noeoiiino? ? nenoai?
na?aeiiiai noaaeaiiy ethaeeie aei i?aoe?, naaa naii? ? aei noni?euenoaa
a oe?eiio (A.I.Iyneuaa), a aeeiai?oe? onoaiiaie (Ae.I.Ociaaeca,
A.N.I?aia?oa?e?), o aca?iii?iieeiaii? nieneo oa cia/aiiy
(I.I.Eaiioue?a), a ii?aeueieo iiceoe?yo ? iioeaao iiaaae?iee iniaenoino?
(E.?.Aiaeiae/).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie ioe?ii/ieo aoaeii?a ? iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaei,
ine?eueee ioe?iee aenooiathoue a ?ie? aaciina?aaeiueiai ?ino?oiaioa a
?aaoeyoe?? oe?ii?nieo a?aeiinei ethaeeie c ae?eni?noth, eaaeaoue a
iniia? i?eeiyooy aoaeue-yeiai ??oaiiy oiui. Iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an i?e
oeueiio aeeeeeathoue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/i? oa noaoaa?
iniaeeaino? ianooaaoaaiiy aoaeii?a, a oaeiae ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny
a nenoai? aoaeii?a o i?ioean? a?eiaiai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeii?a a iao /an caaino?th?oueny oei, ui
ca?ac, ye i?eiee c?inoathoue aeiiae aei oaeeo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino?,
ye ?? aeoeai?noue, ni?iiiaei?noue naiino?eii i?eeiaoe ??oaiiy a
ianoaa?eueieo neooaoe?yo ? ae??ooaaoe aeeoo?a? i?iaeaie, eiee a?ae
aaeaeaaoiino? ??oaiue ? ioe?iie caeaaeeoue oni?oi?noue ae?yeueiino? a
aoaeue-yeeo oiiaao.

A oe?eiio, iiaeia neacaoe, ui ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue a?ae/oaa?oueny
iio?aaa a nenoaiaoecaoe?? ineoieia?/ieo ciaiue c i?iaeaie ioe?ii/ii?
ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie, o ?ice?eoo? caaaeueiiineoieia?/ieo iaoai?ci?a,
ye? ea?othoue ioe?ii/ieie i?ioeanaie ethaeeie, a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/iiai
?ino?oiaioa??th aeine?aeaeaiue nenoaie aoaeii?a iniaenoino?, a?eiaeo
ci?i oe??? nenoaie a i?ioean? naiiaecia/aiiy ethaeeie, ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iniaeeainoae i?ioeano ioe?ithaaiiy i?e i?eeiyoo? ??oaiue. Aeooaeuei?noue
oa iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeai?noue i?iaeaie coiiaeee aea?? oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy: ’’Ioe?ii/i? aoaeiie ye can?a ae?aaiinoeee
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iiaenoino?’’.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaeeoue aei iaoeiaeo i?ia?ai
Aeine?aeieoeueeiai oeaio?o I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia ioe?ii/ieo aoaeii?a iniaenoino?, yea
oi?io?oueny a i?ioean? nioe?ae?caoe??, a i??o iaeiie/aiiy nioe?aeueiiai
aeina?aeo ? ci?ie oe?ii?niiai noaaeaiiy iniaenoino? aei ae?eniino?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/i?, a?eia? oa
noaoaa? iniaeeaino? a nenoai? ioe?ii/ieo aoaeii?a.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o aeyaeaii? no?eeeo aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ioe?ii/ieie
aoaeiiaie oa a?eiaeie, noaoaaeie oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie iniaenoino? c o?aooaaiiyi no?eeeo aca?iica’yce?a i?ae
ye?nieie iiiyooyie oa ?o e?euee?nieie aea?aaeaioaie a nenoai? aoaeii?a
iniaenoino?, ye? aeyaeythoueny a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy.

A?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Nenoaia ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ioe?iie, ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia nenoaie
ioe?ii/ieo aoaeii?a, yaey? niaith a?aeiinii no?eea iniaeno?nia
ooai?aiiy, ui iaoiiaeth?oueny ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie iniaeeainoyie
ineoieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e iniaenoino?.

sseui iaoai?ci ioe?ithaaiiy ethaeeie ia?aaeaa/a? ?nioaaiiy no?eeiai oa
iaeiicia/iiai aca?iica’yceo i?ae ye?nieie iiiyooyie oa ?o e?euee?nieie
aea?aaeaioaie, oi ioe?ithth/e i?iaeaiio neooaoe?th, iacaeaaeii a?ae
noaae?? ??oaiiy, ethaeeia iaeiaeiaith i??ith ei?enoo?oueny ye ye?nieie
ioe?ieaie, oae ? a?aeiia?aeieie aei ieo e?euee?nieie ioe?ieaie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? ia?aa??ee a?iioace aoee
iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy.

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe i?iaeaie ioe?ithaaiiy o i?eeiyoo?
??oaiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aoaeii?a iniaenoino? a ia??iae «thi?noue —
aei?ine?noue».

2. ?ice?eoe a?eia? iniaeeaino? nenoaie ioe?iie ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo
ae?ac?a (IEA) ia i?ioyc? aeeoo?aiai ia??iaeo «thi?noue — aei?ine?noue»,
iniaeeaino? ioe?ithaaiiy IEA noa?oieeanieeaie ? nooaeaioaie.

3. C’ynoaaoe caeaaeiino? i?ae oa?aeoa?ii ioe?iie IEA ? noaoaaeie oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie iniaenoino? aeey
noa?oieeaniee?a ? nooaeaio?a.

4. Iiaoaeoaaoe aoaeiiio oeaeo aeey IEA c oa?i?iieia?/ii? iiiaeeie
R[Aaaaoi-Iaei].

5. Aeyaeoe aca?iica’ycie i?ae ye?nieie oa e?euee?nieie ioe?ieaie a
i?ioean? ioe?ithaaiiy i?e i?eeiyoo? ??oaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee caaaeueiiineoieia?/i?
oai?aoe/i? i?eioeeie aeaoa?i?i?cio ? ?icaeoeo ineo?ee a ae?yeueiino?;
nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo ? oi?ioaaiiy
iniaenoino? (A.A.Aiaiue?a, A.O.Eiiia oa ?i.), caaaeueiiineoieia?/ia
eiioeaioe?y ae?yeueiino? (I.I.Eaiioue?a, A.A.Aeaaeaeia,
N.Ae.Iaeneiaiei), a?eiaa ia??iaeecaoe?y ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo aeeoeie
(Ae.A.Aeueeii?i, A.N.Einothe oa ?i.), o?einionuee? (A.A?iaeee,
A.I.Aeaeaeaoeia, A.A.?a?i) ? ineoieia?/i? (A.A.Aaoo??i, E.I.Aeiaea?a)
?ic?iaee i?iaeaie ioe?iee, ineoieia?/i? oai??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy
(TH.Eicaeaoeueeee, I.?.Ea?e/aa, E.A.?aeaiia, N.A.?iaeueyiia oa ?i.),
oai??? ia/?oeeo iiiaeei (E.Caaea, N.A.I?eianueeee, A.?.I?eia oa ?i.).

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
i?ae?a?aii nenoaio aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo, aaeaeaaoieo i?aaeiaoo
aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoeei-aii??e/ieo iaoiae?a: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c
i?iaeaie ioe?ithaaiiy a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
aoaeii?a, aii??e/i? iaoiaee ae?aaiinooaaiiy (aenia?oia ioe?ithaaiiy,
aieaooaaiiy, iieooaaeueieee). Io?eiai? aeai? i?aeaeaaaeenue oaeoi?iiio
oa ei?aeyoe?eiiio aiae?co c ianooiiith ye?niith ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th oa
ci?noiaiei ocaaaeueiaiiyi.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aeyaeaii? aca?iica’yceo i?ae
nenoaiith ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino? ?
oa?aeoa?ii ia/?oeiai e?iaa?noe/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy; iieacaii, ui
nai???aei?noue nenoaie ioe?iie ? aoaeii?a ?iaeea?aea, coiiaeaia eiai
noaoaaeie oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie,
caa??aa?oueny ia i?ioyc? aeeoo?aiai ia??iaeo «thi?noue — aei?ine?noue»;
aeyaeaia oaiaeaioe?y aei ei?aeooaaiiy nenoaie ioe?iie a i??o iaeiie/aiiy
nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo oa iiaeeeaino? i?aeoe/ii? ia?aa??ee
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo yeinoae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a iiaeeaeaii? ineoieia?/ieo ciaiue o
aaeoc? ioe?ii/ii? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie caaaeii ?, cie?aia, a aaeoc?
ia/?oeiai e?iaa?noe/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy, a ?icoe?aii? i?aaenoaaeaiue i?i
nenoaio aoaeii?a ?iaeea?aea, aeyaeaii? noaoe/ieo ? aeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oe??? nenoaie, yea iiaea aooe caniaii ae?aaiinoeee
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino?, a ?ice?eoo?
ia’?eoeaieo ? noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia i?ioean
ioe?ithaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui io?eiaia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i
nenoaio ioe?ii/ieo aoaeii?a iniaenoino? oa oa?aeoa? ia/?oeiai
e?iaa?noe/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy iiaea iaoe aaaaoioe?eueiaa aeei?enoaiiy a
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? i?e oi?ioaaii? iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e
o/i?a c o?aooaaiiyi aeyaeaieo a?eiaeo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeanoeainoae
o i?ioean? ioe?ithaaiiy; o ineoieia?/iiio eiinoeueooaaii?, iia’ycaiiio c
aeiiiiiaith i?e i?eeiyoo? ??oaiiy, ioe?ioe? oa aeai?? aeueoa?iaoea; o
ineoiae?aaiinoeoe? — ye can?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino? oa ye ei?enia
?ioi?iaoe?y aeey eiino?othaaiiy oanoiaeo oeae; o nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ye? noinothoueny aen?ieia?/ieo aniaeo?a noni?eueiiai
aeeooy oiui.

Iaae?ei?noue oa a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/oaaeanue
aeei?enoaiiyi iaae?eieo oa aae?aeieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee,
aaeaeaaoieo iao? ? caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, ii?aeiaiiyi e?euee?niiai
oa ye?niiai aiae?co aii??e/ieo aeaieo, ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth aea??ee oa
canoinoaaiiyi noaoenoe/ieo e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy cia/ouino?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Aii??e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue i?ioyaii 1993-1997 ?ie?a ia aac?
eaoaae?e ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» oa NO N45 i.Eueaiaa. Caaaeii o aeine?aeaeaii?
acyee o/anoue 356 o/i?a 10-11 eean?a oa nooaeaio?a Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea».

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Nenoaia ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ioe?iie ? a?aeiinii no?eeei
iniaeno?niei ooai?aiiyi ? ea?aeeiaeueii ia ci?ith?oueny a ia??iae
«thi?noue — aei?ine?noue».

2. ?niothoue no?ee? aca?iica’ycee i?ae oa?aeoa?ii ia/?oeiai
e?iaa?noe/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy oa noaoaaeie ?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie iniaenoino?
(aeno?a-?io?iaa?n?y oa iae?ioeci ca A.Aecaieii, aeoeaiooaoe?? oa?aeoa?o
oa oaiia?aiaioo ca E.Eaiiaa?aeii, naiiioe?iea oa ??aaiue noa’?eoeaiiai
eiio?ieth), ye? caa??aathoueny i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae iaei??? a?eiai? a?oie
aei ?ioi? a ia??iae «thi?noue — aei?ine?noue».

3. Ineoieia?/iee iaoai?ci ioe?ithaaiiy a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy
i?noeoue ?yae aoaeiiieo iiiyoue, ye? iaeiaeiaith i??ith ae?aaeathoueny
ye o e?euee?ni?e, oae ? a ye?ni?e oi?iao.

Iniaenoee aianie. A iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? noaooyo
eiioeaiooaeuei? ?aea?, iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee oa ?acoeueoaoe ni?aaaoi??a ia
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie
ina?oe ? caei?ia’y iieiae?» (Ooa,1995), ia eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie
ethaeeie — aeieia?y, caei?ia’y, ina?oa» (Oaeai?iae, 1995), ia II c’?cae?
Oiaa?enoaa ineoieia?a Oe?a?ie «I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
ineoieia?? a Oe?a?i?» (Ee?a, 1996), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
’’EAIOANO — 97’’ (i.Neaanueea, 1996).

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoiaothoueny a aoc?anueeeo i?ia?aiao c ineoieia?? ? iaaeaaia?ee
eaoaae?e ?II Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» oa i?e
noai?aii? aeni?an-ae?aaiinoee aeine?aeaeaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo yeinoae ?iaeea?aea a Aeine?aeieoeueeiio
oeaio?? I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ci?no ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? a 8
ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a,
i?noeoue 2 iaethiee, 4 a?ao?ee ? 61 oaaeeoeth (30 noi?.). Iniiaiee oaeno
aeena?oaoe?? — 150 iaoeiiienieo noi??iie, nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 151
iaeiaioaaiiy, c ieo 25 — ?iicaiieo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? aei aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?? oaie, ia’?eo oa
i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?iaioe, ?? a?iioace oa
caaaeaiiy, icia/ai? iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aena?oeaii iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeena?oaoe??, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe,
iaaaaeaia no?oeoo?a ?iaioe, a oaeiae i?aaenoaaeai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e «Aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeueieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie ioe?ithaaiiy
a ineoieia??» i?enay/aiee e?eoe/iiio aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
a?o/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo aaoi??a c ieoaiue iaoai?cio oa i?e?iaee
i?ioeano ioe?ithaaiiy. Ioe?ii/iee i?ioean ?icaeyaeaany a aniaeo?
o?einionueeeo ? ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaie.

Iieacaii, ui a iniia? ineoieia?/iiai ?icoi?iiy ioe?ithaaiiy oa iaoai?cio
ioe?ii/iiai i?ioeano eaaeeoue o?einionueeee iiaeyae. C /enoi
o?einionueeeo iiceoe?e, i?ioean ioe?ithaaiiy ? iniaeeaith oi?iith
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino?, a ioe?iee ? oi?iith oe?ii?nieo a?aeiinei i?ae
noa’?eoii ? i?aaeiaoii. I?ioean ioe?ithaaiiy ? aaciina?aaeiuei ioe?iee,
ye ?acoeueoao i?ioeano ioe?ithaaiiy, a?aeia?aaeathoue
oe?ii?nii-iio?aaiaa noaaeaiiy ethaeeie aei oiai, /ei noaee i?aaeiaoe ?
iiae?? a ?? aeeoo?.

Aeaoaeueii ?icaeyioo? oai?aoe/i? oa aii??e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ioe?ii/ieo
ooieoe?e, i?iaaaeai? a ?aieao ineoieia?/ii? oai??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy
(Ae.Aa?ioee?, A.E?aia?, E.Iaiaa?, A.Aaeue?an, E.Eaieanoa?, ?.Aeeai,
Aeae.Iaeiai, I.Ii?aaiooaei, ?.??a?i, O.Iinoaeea?, I.Iiaeae?, I.O?oaa?i,
I.I?oaeue, I.Iaoeia?, A.A.Aa/oe, A.Oaa?nueeie oa ?i.). I?ioean
ioe?ithaaiiy — iaeaaaeeea?oee oaeoi? i?eeiyooy aoaeue-yeiai ??oaiiy ?
iiyniaiiy iioeaaoe?? iiaaae?iee ethaeeie a oe?eiio. I?ioean i?eeiyooy
??oaiiy neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ii/a?aiaeo aoai?a, eiaeai c yeeo
ia?aaeaa/a? ioe?ii/iee i?ioean: ioe?iea ao?aeii? i?iaeaiii? neooaoe??,
ioe?iea aeueoa?iaoeaieo aa??aio?a ??oaiue oa ioe?iea iane?aee?a
iiaeeeaeo ??oaiue. I/aaeaeii, ui ine?eueee i?ioean ioe?ithaaiiy ?
oeaio?aeueiith iia?aoe??th i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy, oi a?ae
aaeaeaaoiino? ioe?iie ethaeeie, ui i?eeia? ??oaiiy, caeaaeeoue
iioeiaeuei?noue inoaoi/iiai aeai?o oa eiai iane?aeee.

Aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey aiae?co iaoai?cio ioe?ithaaiiy ia? ?icoi?iiy oiai,
ui yaey? niaith ioe?ii/ia iniiaa, aai aoaeii, oiaoi oa, c /ei
ii??aith?oueny ia?aiao?, yeee ioe?ith?oueny; aea?oueny ei?ioeee iaeyae
aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeoc? aoaeii?a ye ioe?ii/ii? iniiae i?ioeano
ioe?ithaaiiy: ?iaioe I.A.Caii?iaeoey (aoaeiie a naini?iiio ni?eeiyoo?),
A.A.Aiaeaeueiaa, I.A.?on?ii?, A.O.Nao?ia (nioe?aeuei? aoaeiie),
I.A.Aaoo??ia, A.N.Iaaoia, E.Ae.Eeceiaiea (caaaeueiiineoieia?/ia
o?aeooaaiiy aoaeii?a).

O no/ani?e ineoieia?/i?e oa o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo?? ioe?iee
?icaeyaeathoueny a o?niiio ca’yceo c aiioe?eiei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi
(E.E.Ieaoiiia, A.E.A?euethian, A.N.Iaaoi). ? i?e aiioe?eieo
ia?aaeeaaiiyo, ? a i?ioean? ioe?ithaaiiy ie ia?ii ni?aao c
a?aeia?aaeaiiyi oe?ii?nii-iio?aaiaeo a?aeiinei.

I?ioean ioe?ithaaiiy a aoaeue-yeiio aeiaaeeo i?ioiaeeoue noaae?th
aiioe?eiiai ia?aaeeaaiiy. O ca’yceo c oeei, oe?eaaei ? aiae?c ioe?iie
i?e ??oaii? caaea/ noa’?eoeaiiai oeaethaaiiy. Iniaeeao caoe?eaaeai?noue
aeeeeeathoue ?iaioe, i?enay/ai? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei a?aei?iiinoyi a
noa’?eoeaiiio oeaethaaii?, a yeeo iieacaii, ui ?ioa??iaeea?aeoaeueia
aa??aaaeuei?noue ineoio?ce/ieo oeae iia’ycaia c iniaeeainoyie ia?aiai?
nenoaie, caaaeyee /iio noa? iiaeeeaei ?iciiae?e ?iaeea?ae?a ia
«ca?eueooaa/?a» oa «ciaiooaa/?a» a ioe?ieao ??ciiai ?iaeo noeioe?a
(A.Iao??, O.A.?aoaiiaa, Aeae. ?ecii, E. Eaaii?on, ?. O?eoe, ?. *aiiai).
Oaeei /eiii, niin?a ioe?ithaaiiy noeioe?a aenooia? a ?ie? noaa?eueii?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ethaeeie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaeiae, ia aeicaieythoue aei e?ioey iiynieoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueio
aa??aaaeuei?noue oeae o?eueee oeiieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ethaeeie.
Iaiaaii, ooo iiaeiai ae?yoe ?ioee oaeoi?, yeee a?aeia?aaea? ineoieia?/i?
iniaeeaino? ethaeeie i?e iai?ioeyoe?yo c /eneaie.

Ia iniia? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui i?e
aea/aii? nenoaie ioe?ii/ieo aoaeii?a iniaenoino? i?aaaeththoue
aecia/aiiy caaaeueieo iiiyoue, aeyaeaiiy caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae a
i?ioean? ioe?ithaaiiy (caaaeueia ineoieia?y, o?einio?y, iioeaaoe?ei?
oai???, oai??y i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy), aea a?ae/oaa?oueny iio?aaa o
niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, i?enay/aieo caeiiii??iinoyi
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie aoaeii?a iniaenoino? ia ??cieo noaae?yo
iioiaaiaco oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei iniaeeainoyi.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Iniaeeaino? ethaenueeiai oaeoi?o a i?ioean?
i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ye i?aaeiao ineoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy»
aecia/a?oueny eiioeaioe?y ?iaioe. I?ioean ioe?ithaaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny
ye iniaeeaee ineo?/iee i?ioean, aiae?cothoueny ia’?eoeai? oa noa’?eoeai?
oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia iueiai, ?iaeoueny ni?iaa iiynieoe iaoai?ci
oaeiai aieeao.

Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny i?ioeano ioe?ithaaiiy a
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueieo nenoaiao, yeei aeanoea? iaaecia/ai?noue oa
?icieo?noue. A?aecia/a?oueny niaoeeo?ea ioe?ithaaiiy a cacia/aieo
neooaoe?yo, yea iieyaa? a iayaiino? i?eno?aniino?, ???aoe?iiaeueiino?
ieneaiiy, ii?aeiaii? eiai?oeaieo oa aiioe?eieo eiiiiiaio?a ioe?iee.

A ?ic?iaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo iiaeaeyo i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?ioean
ioe?ithaaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaeei c aeaiaio?a aai eaiie i?ioeano
i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy, ye «aeai?eoi?ciaaiee aeo», ui ae??oo? caaea/?
iioei?caoe??. I?e oeueiio aeania iniaeno?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia
aeeth/athoueny a aiae?c, oi/a cia/ou?noue oeeo eiiiiiaio?a ?
iaiao?aei?noue ?o a?aooaaiiy aecia?oueny aaaaoueia.

Ia i?aeoeoe? oai?aoe/i? iiaeae? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ciaoiaeyoue
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a nenoaiao i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy. Aea aeineoue
/anoi oae? iiaeae? ia aeathoue i/?eoaaiiai aoaeoo — aiie aeacothoue ia
ia’?eoeaii iaee?au? ??oaiiy, a oae? ??oaiiy iiaeooue ia ni?aiaaeaoe c
oeie, ye? aeey ethaeeie, ui i?eeia? ??oaiiy, ? noa’?eoeaii
i?eaaaeea?oeie. Iaeei ?c niinia?a onoiaiiy oeeo iaaeie?e?a iieyaa? a
?ic?iaoe? iiaeaeae i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy, a yeeo a?aoiaoaaeenue
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? ethaeeie, ui i?eeia? ??oaiiy, ui ni?e/eieei
na?eicia oneeaaeiaiiy iiaeaeae. I?ioa ? oeae e?ie ia onoioa i?ioe??/. ?
aieiaia i?e/eia a oiio, ui oae? iiaeae?, ye? a?aoiaothoue
?iaeea?aeoaeueio ni?yiiaai?noue iniaenoino?, i?iaeiaaeothoue ae?yoe
aeeeth/ii ca caeiiaie eeane/ii? eia?ee. A ethaeeia /anoi ae??
iao?aiceoeaii, i?eeia? ??oaiiy anoia?a/ eeane/i?e eia?oe?.

A iniia? aeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy iaoai?cio i?ioeano ioe?ithaaiiy
eaaeeoue aeineoue i/aaeaeiee oaeo: ii-ia?oa, noa’?eoeai? oyaeaiiy
ethaeeie, caeaa?eueoiai, ia/?oe?, ?, ii-ae?oaa, iaeaea an? ioe?iee
noa’?eoa ? iaiaaeaiiy, c yeeie a?i i?aoeth?, oaeiae, ye i?aaeei,
ia/?oe?, a ?iiae? ? acaaae? ai??i?? iicaaaeai? e?euee?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee.

I?e?iaei?i ? i?eiouaiiy, ui, i?eeiath/e ??oaiiy, iacaaaeath/e ia
neeaaei?noue i?iaeaiii? neooaoe??, ethaeeia nii/aoeo ioe?ith? an?
ia?aiao?e ia?aaaaeii ye?nii. ? eeoa i?ney oiai, ye ii/aoeiaee iien
caaea/?, yea iio?aao? ??oaiiy, caaa?oaiee, oi a ?ac? iio?aae (c iaoith
caaaeaiiy an?o iethn?a ? i?ion?a aeueoa?iaoeaieo ??oaiue), ethaeeia
«ia?aaiaeeoue» ye?ni? ioe?iee a e?euee?ni?. Oiaoi, i?ioean ioe?ithaaiiy
i?ioiaeeoue aea? noaae??: ye?nia ioe?iea oa e?euee?nia ioe?iea.

Ioaea, ie i?eoiaeeii aei iiiyooy ia/?oei? e?iaa?noe/ii? ioe?iee oa
ia/?oeiai e?iaa?noe/iiai aoaeiia, ye? ae?aaeathoueny ia /eneii, a neiaii
? canoiniaothoueny aeey ye?nii? ioe?iee neooaoe??. E?iaa?noe/i? ioe?iee
aeinoaoiuei /?oei ae?aaeathoue ci?no oaenoo, ui iieno? yaeua ? i?ioeane,
? a?aeiia?aeathoue i?e?iaeiueiio oiaeo ethaenueei? aeoiee i?ae /an
ni?eeoaaiiy.

A ineoieia?/iiio ieai? a ioe?ithaaii? aeeeeea? ?ioa?an, i?eiaeii?, aeaa
iiiaioe: ii-ia?oa, e?euee?niee aea?aaeaio ia/?oei? e?iaa?noe/ii? ioe?iee
? aaee/eia ?ioa?aaeo ii??aiyiiy ia?aiao?a c aoaeiiii, ii-ae?oaa,
aca?iica’ycie i?ae a?eiaeie, noaoaaeie ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie iniaenoino? oa nenoaiith ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ioe?iie.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co i?iaeaie ia/?oeiai
e?iaa?noe/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy aoee iaa?oioiaai? caaea/?
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O?ao?e ?icae?e «Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao a?eiaeo oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino? ia oa?aeoa?
ioe?ithaaiiy ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a» i?enay/aiee
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e /anoei? ?iaioe: iaa?oioiao?oueny iaoiaeeea
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aea?? ?aniiiaeaio?a,
ia?aa??y?oueny aae?aei?noue ? iaae?ei?noue iaoiaeeee oa aeinoia??i?noue
aeaieo, io?eiaieo a ?acoeueoao? noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co, aiae?co?oueny
ineoieia?/iee ci?no a?aei?iiinoae ye i?ae a?eiaeie a?oiaie, oae ? a
iaaeao eiaeii? a?eiai? a?oie, ocaaaeueiththoueny io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe.

A aeine?aeaeai? a?aee o/anoue ?aniiiaeaioe a?eii a?ae 16 aei 25 ?ie?a,
ye? aoee iiae?eai? ia o?e a?eia? a?oie: o/i? noa?oeo eean?a (16-17
?ie?a), nooaeaioe iieiaeoeo eo?n?a (18-20 ?ie?a) oa nooaeaioe aeioneieo
eo?n?a (21-25 ?ie?a). A?e a?ae 16 aei 25 ?ie?a — oea ia??iae
naiiaecia/aiiy oa noaiiaeaiiy ethaeeie, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeoeaiith
nioe?aeueiith i?aeoeeith, aenieei iioaioe?aeii, aeeiai?eith
iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo ?, a?aoo?-?aoo, ia?aoiaeii aei nioe?aeueii
aeoeaiiai «aei?ineiai» aeeooy, eiee nioe?aeuei? ii?ie e oe?iiino?
iaaoaathoue aeeoo?aiai naino. Oe? oaeoi?e ? aecia/eee a?aeiia?aeiee
aea?? ?aniiiaeaio?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy «aeanoeaino? iniaenoino? — iniaeeaino?
ioe?ithaaiiy» a?oioothoueny ia o?aaeeoe?eiiio aeey a?o/eciyii?
ineoieia?? i?aeoiae? aei no?oeoo?e iniaenoino?, ca?aeii c yeei o nenoai?
iniaeno?nieo aeanoeainoae aeae?eythoue /ioe?e noa?e: cae?aiino?,
oaiia?aiaio, oa?aeoa?, ni?yiiaai?noue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a aeae?eueea aoai?a. Ia ia?oiio aoai?
?aniiiaeaioai aoee cai?iiiiiaai?: iaoiaeeea ciaoiaeaeaiiy /eneiaeo
aea?aaeaio?a ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a niiniaii ioe?ithaaiiy oa
niiniaii a?aei??thaaiiy. ?aniiiaeaioai aoei cai?iiiiiaaii ioe?ieoe
ianooii? aeaa’youe ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a: aeoaea iaei, iaei, ia
aeoaea iaei, iaaaaaoi, na?aaeiuei, iaiaei, ia aeoaea iaei, aaaaoi,
aeoaea aaaaoi.

Iaoiae a?aei??thaaiiy iieyaaa o ianooiiiio. ?aniiiaeaioai aeaeaaaee ii
aeaa’youe eenoe?a iaia?o, ia eiaeiiio c yeeo aoea cia?aaeaia oeaea
(ai?eciioaeueiee a?ae??cie aeiaaeeiith 10 ni, iaiaaeaiee ?eneith ni?aaa
? ce?aa). Aenia?eiaioaoi? a aeia?eueiiio ii?yaeeo ca/eooaaa aeaa’youe
IEA ? ?o ii?yaeeia? iiia?e. ?aniiiaeaioe «a?aei??thaaee» eiaeiee IEA ia
ie?aiiio eenoeo iaia?o, oiaoi, noaaeee ia oeae? ?eneo ? iicia/aee ??
ii?yaeeiaei iiia?ii a?aeiia?aeiiai IEA. Iaoiae ioe?ithaaiiy iieyaaa a
oiio, ui ?aniiiaeaioe iiaeii? aoee ioe?ieoe eiaeiee IEA /eneii c
?ioa?aaeo [0,10] c iaeneiaeueiith aeene?aoi?noth 0.001IA. A oeueiio
aeiaaeeo ia ie?aiiio eenoeo iaia?o oaeiae i?inoaaeyany iiia? IEA ? eiai
ioe?iea.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iaai?o ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ioe?iie ia eaoaae??
?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea» aoea i?iaaaeaia na??y i?eioaaeieo
aenia?eiaio?a. Ia ii/aoeo oeae iaa?? neeaaeaany c 23 iaeiaioaaiue, a ia
iniia? aeaieo aenia?eiaioo aoa iioeiaeueii nei?i/aiee aei aeaa’yoe. Naia
o? aeaa’youe ia/?oeeo ae?ac?a, ii-ia?oa, iae/ano?oa aaeeaathoueny iaie o
iianyeaeaiiiio aeeoo? a yeino? ioe?iie ??ciiiai?oieo neooaoe?e ?,
ii-ae?oaa, iaee?aua ?icoi?thoueny ioi/oth/eie. Oaeee iaa?? IEA c
oa?i?iieia?/ii? iiiaeeie R[Aaaaoi — Iaei] ? aeei?enoiao?oueny a iaoiio
aeine?aeaeai?.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aeine?aeaeoaaeiny aeei?enoaiiy ia/?oeeo ioe?iie a
i?ioean? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy. Iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy ae?oaiai aoaio
aenia?eiaioo caiaeeeanue aei ianooiiiai. ?aniiiaeaioai iaiao?aeii aoei
ioe?ieoe cai?iiiiiaai? aeeoo?a? oe?iiino? ? ia?aiao?e i?iaeaiii?
neooaoe?? (ioe?iea i?iaiaeeeanue aea?/?: e?euee?nii ? ye?nii) ? c?iaeoe
aea?? iaei??? c i’yoe cai?iiiiiaaieo aeueoa?iaoea, aeoiaey/e c aaaeaiiy
? iiaeeeainoae ia /an i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo. Aea?? i?iaiaeeany
aea?/?. Ia?oee ?ac — ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo, eiee ?aniiiaeaio?a
iciaeiieee eeoa c? nieneii aeueoa?iaoea. Ae?oaee ?ac — a e?ioe?
aenia?eiaioo, i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co eiaeii? aeueoa?iaoeae ca
cai?iiiiiaaieie aeeoo?aeie oe?iiinoyie ? ia?aiao?aie.

AEeoo?a? oe?iiino? oa ia?aiao?e i?iaeaiii? neooaoe?? i?aeae?aeenue oae,
uia aiie iaeiaeiai ni?eeiaeenue ye o/iyie, oae ? nooaeaioaie
noa?oaeo?nieeaie ? i?aaenoaaeyee oe?ii?noue (aai iniaeno?nio
cia/ei?noue) aeey oiai eiioeiaaioa, ioe?iee yeiai aeine?aeaeoaaeenue.
Aeey oeueiai aoa i?iaaaeaiee i?eioaaeiee aenia?eiaio, a yeiio a?aee
o/anue ??ci? a?eia? a?oie: noa?oieeanieee, nooaeaioe 3-ai eo?no
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», i?aoethth/a
iieiaeue oa ni?a?ia?oieee eaoaae?e ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea».

Ianooiiee aoai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeany iaoiaeii aieaoiiai iieooaaiiy.
?aniiiaeaioai aoei cai?iiiiiaaii caiiaieoe iniaeno?niee iieooaaeueiee
A.Aecaiea, iniaeno?niee iieooaaeueiee E.Eaiiaa?aea — O.Oi?oaea,
iieooaaeueiee aecia/aiiy naiiioe?iee ? ??aiy noa’?eoeaiiai eiio?ieth.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo a aenia?eiaio?, aoee i?iaaaeai?
ianooii? i?ioeaaeo?e.

1. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ? ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ioe?ithaaiiy ?
a?aei??thaaiiy ca oeaeith IEA.

Iiaoaeiaaia ca ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioo oeaea «Ioe?ithaaiiy» ? a?eueo
caeaaeaeaiith, o ii??aiyii? c? oeaeith «A?aei??thaaiiy», ? ?icoaoiaaia
aeeae/a aei in? aanoeen.

Aeaioaea??eiaee t-e?eoa??e Nouethaeaioa c oi/i?noth a=0.05 ia iieacaa
cia/oueo a?aei?iiinoae i?ae ioe?ithaaiiyi IEA ? ?o a?aei??thaaiiyi ii
oeae?, a oaeiae, eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? iio?aieee a e?eoe/io iaeanoue,
oiaoi, ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? aeaiia iaoiaeaie, iiaeia ?aooaaoe aea??eaie
iaei??? aaia?aeueii? noeoiiino? aeey an?o IEA, ui aeiaiaeeoue
oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui iaoai?ci ioe?ithaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? ?nioaaiiy
no?eeiai aca?iica’yceo i?ae ye?nieie iiiyooyie oa ?o e?euee?nieie
aea?aaeaioaie ?, ioaea, iiaeia iaaeae? ei?enooaaoenue “ocaaaeueiaiith”
oeaeith.

2. I?iaiae?ciaai? ci?ie noa’?eoeaieo ioe?iie IEA i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae
iaei??? a?eiai? a?oie aei ?ioi?.

Aeaioaea??eiaee t-e?eoa??e Nouethaeaioa ia ??ai? cia/ouino? a=0.05 ia
aeyaea cia/ou? a?aei?iiino? a ioe?ieao i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae iaei???
a?eiai? a?oie aei ?ioi?, oiaoi io?eiai? cia/aiiy ioe?iie iiaeia aaaaeaoe
o?ueiia iaeii??aeieie aea??eaie iaei??? aaia?aeueii? noeoiiino?. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iaoo a?iioaco, ui nenoaia ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ioe?iie,
yea oi?io?oueny a i?ioean? nioe?ae?caoe??, yaey? niaith a?aeiinii no?eea
iniaeno?nia ooai?aiiy. I?ioa, iiaeia a?aecia/eoe caaaeueio oaiaeaioe?th,
yea noino?oueny ciaioaiiy /eneiaeo aea?aaeaio?a iaeaea an?o IEA (e??i
ae?aco «na?aaeiuei») c a?eii, oiaoi, eiinoaooaaoe cnoa oeaee R[Aaaaoi —
Iaei] aeiieco a i?ioean? aei?ine?oaiiy ?aniiiaeaio?a.

3. I?iaiae?ciaai? a?aei?iiino? i?ae «ae?ii/eie» oa «/ieia?/eie»
noa’?eoeaieie ioe?ieaie IEA.

A?aei?iiino? o noao? ? iaeieie c aieiaieo o oa?aeoa?enoeoe?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? ? ioiieththoue oe?iea eiei aeanoeainoae ?iaeea?aea
oa eiai a?aeiinei. I/aaeaeii, ui aiie iiaeii? aoee i?iyaeoenue ? a
iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii?, a ioe?ieao ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a.
O?aaeeoe?eii aeuee ??aaiue aeiiaaaiue oa iio?aa /ieia?e?a ye o
iaoa??aeuei?e noa??, oae ? a aeinyaiaii? nioe?aeueiiai noaoono
i?iyaey?oueny ? a oa?aeoa?? ioe?iie IEA ye caieaeaiiy noa’?eoeaieo
ioe?iie ia?oi? iieiaeie oeaee IEA ? caaeuaii? ae?oai? iieiaeie oeaee.
Oiaoi oeaea ioe?iie o ?aniiiaeaio?a /ieia?/i? noao? ? «eaoaai?e/i?oith»,
??ce?oith, ia? a?eueoee ?iciao, ioiieth? a?eueoee ae?aiacii /eneiaeo
cia/aiue. Ioe?iee ?aniiiaeaio?a ae?ii/i? noao? aeaeyaeathoue
«iaa?aaei?oeie», i?ae oyae?thoue a?eueoa aei na?aaeeie oeaee, a ia aei
?? e?ioe?a. Oiaoi ioe?iee /ieia?e?a — caaino?ai?, a ae?iie —
caeaaeaeai?. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia a?aecia/eoe iaai? «aeioeaio?ia?»
oaiaeaioe?? a ioe?ieao o ae?iie ? «a?aeoeaio?ia?» — o /ieia?e?a.

Oe?eaai, ui ioe?iea ia/?oeiai ae?aco «na?aaeiuei» o ae?a/ao-o/aieoeue (I
a?eiaa a?oia) aeua, i?ae o oeiioe?a-o/i?a, oi/a na?aaeiy ioe?iea oeueiai
ae?aco a II oa III a?eiaeo a?oiao o /ieia?e?a ? aeuith, i?ae o ae?iie.
Oaea naia ea?oeia i?inoaaeo?oueny ? i?e ioe?ioe? ia/?oeiai ae?aco
«aeoaea aaaaoi».

Oea iiaea iiynithaaoenue oei, ui o a?oe? 15-18 ?ie?a ae?a/aoa aeaui
aeia?aaeaeathoue o ?icaeoeo iaeiie?oe?a-oeiioe?a, ui iia’ycaii c a?eueo
?aii?i aeic??aaiiyi ? ii/aoeii i?ioeano aei?ine?oaiiy. I?ney 18 ?ie?a
oey ??cieoey caeaaeaeo?oueny.

4. Aeyaeai? aca?iica’ycee i?ae oa?aeoa?ii ioe?iie IEA oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie iniaenoino?.

a) oa?aeoa?enoeee iniaenoino? ca A.Aecaieii.

?io?iaa?oiaai? iniaenoino? caieaeothoue, a aeno?aaa?oiaai? — caaeuothoue
e?aei? ioe?iee «aeoaea iaei» ? «aeoaea aaaaoi» oa ioe?ieo ia/?oeiai
ae?aco «na?aaeiuei». ?io?iaa?o caieaeo? ioe?iee ia/?oeeo ae?ac?a, ye?
ciaeueiaothoue ??ci? nooiai? e?eueeino? «aaaaoi»: «aeoaea aaaaoi», «ia
aeoaea aaaaoi», «aaaaoi». *ei aeuee ??aaiue aeno?aaa?n??, oei ieae/eie ?
ioe?iee ae?ac?a «iaei», «ia aeoaea iaei», «iaiaei, aea e iaaaaaoi».

I?aeaeuaiee iae?ioeci ni?e/eiy? caieaeaiiy ioe?iie ia?oi? iieiaeie
nieneo IEA («aeoaea iaei», «iaei», «iaaaaaoi») oa ioe?iee ia/?oeiai
ae?aco «na?aaeiuei», a oaeiae — caaeuaiiy ioe?iie ae?oai? iieiaeie
nieneo IEA («iaiaei», «ia aeoaea aaaaoi», «aaaaoi»). O aiioe?eii
a??aiiaaaeaieo ethaeae noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee IEA a?eueo caeaaeaeai? a
ii??aiyii? c ioe?ieaie ethaeae c aenieei iieacieeii iae?ioecio.

a) oa?aeoa?enoeea iniaenoino? ca ??aiai noa’?eoeaiiai eiio?ieth oa
naiiioe?iee.

*ei aeuei ? ??aaiue nioe?aeueii? c??eino?, aeoeaiino? oa naiino?eiino?
ethaeeie, /ei aaeaeaaoi?oa aiia ioe?ith? aeani? iiaeeeaino?, oei
ieae/eie ? noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee IEA ii an?e oeae?. *ei iaioa ethaeeia
a?ae/oaa? naith neeo, a?aei?noue, a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca oa, ui c iath
o?aiey?oueny, iaaeiioe?ith? aai ia?aioe?ith? nai? iiaeeeaino?, oei
aeueie ? noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee IEA ii an?e oeae?.

a) oa?aeoa?enoeea iniaenoino? ca E.Eaiiaa?aeii.

Noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee ia/?oeeo ae?ac?a «aeoaea iaei» ? «iaei» a?eueo? i?e
aeaiiino?aoeaiiieo ? cano?yaath/iio oeiao aeoeaiooaoe?? oa?aeoa?o ?
a?ia?oeiiiio, oeeeeioeiiiio, aecaeueoiaaiiio ? o?eaiaeiiio oeiao
aeoeaiooaoe?e oaiia?aiaioo; oe? ae ae?ace ioe?iththoue ieae/a
iaaeaioe/i?, caoaeeea?, aeenoeii? oa aiioeai? iaoo?e.

Noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee ia/?oeiai ae?aco «iaaaaaoi» ca?eueoothoue
aeaiiino?aoeaiee oa a?ia?oeiiee oeie aeoeaiooaoe?e oa ciaioothoue
iaaeaioe/i?, caoaeeea?, cano?yaath/?, aeenoeii?, aiioeai?,
aecaeueoiaai?, o?eaiaei? ? oeeeeioeii? ?aniiiaeaioe.

Noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee ia/?oeeo ae?ac?a «iaiaei» ? «ia aeoaea iaei»
ca?eueoothoue i?aaenoaaieee an?o oei?a aeoeaiooaoe?e oa?aeoa?o ? an?
oeie aeoeaiooaoe?e oaiia?aiaioo, e??i aeenoeiieo oa aiioeaieo iaoo?, ye?
ciaioothoue ioe?iee oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a.

Noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee ia/?oeiai ae?aco «na?aaeiuei» ca?eueoothoue i?e an?o
oeiao aeoeaiooaoe?e oa?aeoa?o ? a?ia?oeiiiio oei? aeoeaiooaoe??
oaiia?aiaioo; ciaioothoue oe? ioe?iee aeenoeii?, oeeeeioeii?,
aecaeueoiaai?, o?eaiaei? oa aiioeai? iaoo?e.

Noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a «ia aeoaea aaaaoi»,
«aaaaoi», «aeoaea aaaaoi» ca?eueoothoue aeaiiino?aoeai?, caoaeeea? ?
a?ia?oeii? iniaenoino? oa ciaioothoue ?aniiiaeaioe c iaaeaioe/iei,
cano?yaath/ei oa?aeoa?ii ? iniaenoino? c aeenoeiiei, oeeeeioeiiei,
aecaeueoiaaiei ? aiioeaiei oaiia?aiaioii. O?eaiaei? iniaenoino?
ca?eueoothoue ioe?iee ae?aco «ia aeoaea aaaaoi», a ioe?iee ae?ac?a
«aaaaoi» ? «aeoaea aaaaoi» — ciaioothoue.

5. Io?eiai? na?aaei? cia/aiiy eiaeiiai IEA c oa?i?iieia?/ii? iiiaeeie
R[Aaaaoi — iaei] (Oaaeeoey 1) ? iiaoaeiaaia oeaea ioe?iie IEA c 95%
aeia??/ei ?ioa?aaeii (?en.1), a oaeiae aoa iiaoaeiaaiee i?ino??
?iciiae?e?a IEA, yeee iiaea aooe canoiniaaiee a ?nioth/eo nenoaiao
i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy aeey aeiiiiiae a i?eeiyoo? ??oaiiy.

C’yniaaii, ui aeey caaaeueii? aea??ee ?aniiiaeaio?a an? ioe?iee IEA
i?aeeyaathoue ii?iaeueiiio caeiio ?iciiae?eo. Aeyaeaii oaeiae, ui an?
?aniiiaeaioe iiae?eythoueny ia o?e a?oie:

I. «na?aaeiy a?oia» (i?eaeecii 50% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
?aniiiaeaio?a), — a ye?e ioe?iee an?o IEA ia aeoiaeyoue ca iaae?
aeia??/iai ?ioa?aaeo na?aaei?o cia/aiue;

II. «ca?eueooaa/?» (i?eaeecii 25%) — ioe?iee IEA yeeo, caeaa?eueoiai,
aeoiaeyoue ca aa?oi? a?aieoe? aeia??/eo ?ioa?aae?a;

III. «ciaiooaa/?» (i?eaeecii 25%) — ioe?iee yeeo aeoiaeyoue ca ieaei?
a?aieoe? aeia??/eo ?ioa?aae?a.

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Oeaea ioe?iie ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, aeyaeaia caaeuaiiy aai caieaeaiiy ioe?iie caeaaeeoue
a?ae iaaieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino?, a?ae
aioo??oiueiai na?oo ?iaeea?aea, a?ae aioo??oi?o i??ie ? aa/aiiy
neooaoe?? /a?ac i?ecio aeanii? iniaenoino?.

Io?eiaaoe caaaeueio ea?oeio ioe?ithaaiiy IEA, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie ?
i?i oa?aeoa? ioe?ithaaiiy ia?aiao??a i?iaeaiii? neooaoe?? a i?ioean?
i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy: yeui ethaeeia nenoaiaoe/ii ca?eueoo? (aai ciaioo?)
ioe?ieo iaaiiai ia/?oeiai e?iaa?noe/iiai ae?aco, aaca?aeiinii aei
ianoaaei, oi aiia aoaea ca?eueooaaoe (aai a?aeiia?aeii ciaiooaaoe)
ioe?ieo oeueiai e?iaa?noe/iiai ae?aco ? a oiiaao oi? /e ?ioi? i?iaeaiii?
neooaoe??.

Oaaeeoey 1

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy ioe?iie ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a aeey ??cieo
a?eiaeo a?oi.

A?oie

IEAI i?ae-

a?oiaII i?ae-

a?oiaIII i?ae-

a?oiaNa?aaei? ioe?ieeaeoaea
iaei0.4800.4130.4090.45iaei1.4511.3971.3051.4iaaaaaoi3.0722.9322.7563.0i
a aeoaea
iaei3.5343.4253.3003.5na?aaeiuei4.8185.1045.1155.0iaiaei5.5605.0774.9615
.2ia aeoaea aaaaoi6.9556.7046.6436.8aaaaoi8.8898.7808.7168.8aeoaea
aaaaoi10.2910.0659.9410.16. I?iaaaeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c i?ae
e?euee?nieie ? ye?nieie ioe?ieaie, yeeie ei?enooaaeenue ?aniiiaeaioe i?e
ioe?ithaaii? iaeiaeiaeo ia?aiao??a i?iaeaiii? neooaoe??. An?
eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? i?ae e?euee?nieie ? ye?nieie ioe?ieaie oa
eiao?oe??io Aai aea? Aa?aeaia iio?aieee a e?eoe/io iaeanoue. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeeei oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ioe?ithth/e neooaoe?th ia ??cieo
noaae?yo i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy, ethaeeia iaeiaeiaith i??ith ei?enoo?oueny ye
e?euee?nieie ioe?ieaie, oae ? ye?nieie aea?aaeaioaie.

O caeeth/aii? i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee oai?aoe/iiai oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai i?aeoaa?aeeee a?iioace oa iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, aeianai? ia caoeno, iai?/ai? iai?yiee iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie. Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeaieo, io?eiaieo o
aeine?aeaeaii?, aeicaieeei c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee.

1. Nenoaia ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ioe?iie, ye neeaaeiaa nenoaie
ioe?ii/ieo aoaeii?a iniaenoino?, ? a?aeiinii no?eeei iniaeno?niei
ooai?aiiyi, ui coiiaeth?oueny ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie iniaenoino?.

2. Noa’?eoeai? ioe?iee ia/?oeeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a c oa?i?iieia?/ii?
iiiaeeie R[Aaaaoi-Iaei] ea?aeeiaeueii ia ci?iththoueny a ia??iae
«thi?noue — aei?ine?noue», ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee oa ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co.

3. Aeyaeai? aca?iica’ycee i?ae oa?aeoa?ii ioe?ithaaiiy ia/?oeeo
e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a oa noaoaaeie ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie iniaenoino?, oaeeie, ye ??aaiue aeno?a ?io?iaa?n?? ?
iae?ioecio (Aecaie), aeoeaiooaoe?? oa?aeoa?o oa oaiia?aiaioo
(Eaiiaa?ae), ??aaiue nioe?aeueii? c??eino?, ye? i?ine?aeeiaothoueny o
an?o a?eiaeo a?oiao. Caaaeuei? a?eia? oa?aeoa?enoeee iniaenoino?,
anooiath/e o aca?iica’ycie c aeacaieie yeinoyie ethaeeie, ei?aeoothoue c
a?eii ?iaeea?aeoaeueio aoaeiiio nenoaio iniaenoino?.

4. Iaoai?ci ioe?ithaaiiy ethaeeie aeicaiey? i?eionoeoe ?nioaaiiy
no?eeiai aca?iica’yceo i?ae ye?nieie iiiyooyie oa ?o e?euee?nieie
aea?aaeaioaie ? aaco?oueny ia ioe?ii/ieo aoaeiiao, ye? ae?aaeathoueny
iaeiaeiaith i??ith ye o e?euee?ni?e, oae ? a ye?ni?e oi?i?. A nenoaio
aoaeii?a ?iaeea?aea aoiaeeoue i?aeiiiaeeia eiinoaio, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue
ia/?oeei e?iaa?noe/iei iiiyooyi c oa?i?iieia?/ii? iiiaeeie R[Aaaaoi —
Iaei], i?e/iio oe? iiiyooy ia?ae?eaathoue i?aeoe/ii aanue iiaeeeaee
aei??thaaeueiee ae?aiacii [0;1].

5. Iiaoaeiaaia aoaeiiia oeaea ioe?iie oa i?ino?? ?iciiae?e?a ia/?oeeo
e?iaa?noe/ieo ae?ac?a, ye? iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? a ?nioth/eo
nenoaiao i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy aeey aeiiiiiae a i?eeiyoo?
??oaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee iiaeeaeoe ineoieia?/i? ciaiiy a
aaeoc? ia/?oeiai e?iaa?noe/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy oa oe?ii?nieo aoaeii?a
iniaenoino?. Aeaia ?iaioa iiaea noaoe iniiaith aeey iiaeaeueoiai
ineoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaei? ooiaeaiaioaeueii? i?iaeaie, ye
ioe?ii/ia ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie acaaae? ? ioe?ii/ia ae?yeuei?noue
ethaeeie a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy — cie?aia, yea, aacnoii?aii, aoaea
iaoe aeo?ae ia i?eeeaaei? iaoee.

Caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. ?aaiiaa I.A. ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ia/?oeiai
e?iaa?noe/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy. — E.: Ciaiiy,
1998. — 20n.

2. ?aaiiaa I.A. E?eoe/iee aiae?c noa’?eoeaieo oa ia’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a,
ye? aieeaathoue ia i?ioean i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy. //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
Ee?anueeiai a?enueeiaiai aoiai?oa?iiai ?inoeoooo. — 1999. — N4/11. —
n.28-34.

3. ?aaiiaa I.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano ioe?ithaaiiy a oiiaao ia/?oei?
ao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??. //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Ee?anueeiai
a?enueeiaiai aoiai?oa?iiai ?inoeoooo. — 1999. — N3/10. — n.21-26.

4. ?aaiiaa I.A. Ineoieia?/ia i?ioi???ioaoe?eia eiinoeueooaaiiy a oeie?.
//Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y i?ioan?eii? ina?oe. — 1998. — N3. — n.41-47.

5. ?aaiiaa I.A. I?ioean ioe?ithaaiiy a no/ani?e ineoieia?? oa
iaaeaaia?oe?. //O?einionuee? iiooee. Aeione IV. Ethaeeia: noaiiaeaiiy ?
?icaeoie. Euea?a — Iaeana: ?OE?N EON Cigiti — Oeaio? Aa?iia, 1997. —
n.237-240.

6. ?aaiiaa I.A. I?ioean ioe?ithaaiiy oa aeai?o a oiiaao iaaecia/aiino?.
//Ca??iee ineoieia?/ieo i?aoeue. Euea?a, 1998. — n.96-98

7. Eeceiaiei E.Ae., ?aaiiaa I.A. Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy eiioeaioe??
i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy a ineoieia?/i?e oai??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy. —
Euea?a, 1996. — 26n. — Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie 18.06.96 N1477 — Oe96

8. Eeceiaiei E.Ae., ?aaiiaa I.A. I?eeiyooy ??oaiiy a ethaeeii-iaoeiieo
nenoaiao: aeei?enoaiiy «?icieoeo» eaoaai??e. — Euea?a, 1996. — 29n. —
Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie 18.06.96 N1476 — Oe96

?aaiiaa I.A. Ioe?ii/i? aoaeiie ye can?a ae?aaiinoeee
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.07 — iaaeaaia?/ia oa a?eiaa ineoieia?y. —
?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?iai? A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny oai?aoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eiaeo oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino? i?e ia/?oeiio
e?iaa?noe/iiio ioe?ithaaii? a ia??iae thi?noue — aei?ine?noue. A
oai?aoe/i?e /anoei? aea/a?oueny iaoai?ci i?ioeano ioe?ithaaiiy a na?o?
o?einionueeeo oa ineoieia?/ieo ?ic?iaie ? i?e?iaea ia/?oeeo
e?iaa?noe/ieo ioe?iie, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e i?eeiyoo? ??oaiiy,
aeai?? oa ioe?ioe? aeueoa?iaoea. ?ice?eaathoueny caaaeuei?
caeiiii??iino? a ioe?ithaaii?, i?e/iio, ?iaeea?ae c eiai aeanoeainoyie
?icaeyaea?oueny ye aeinoaoiuei ???aoe?iiaeueia /anoeia aiae?oe/ii?
i?ioeaaeo?e ioe?ii/iiai i?ioeano. A aenia?eiaioaeuei?e /anoei? ?iaioe
aeine?aeaeothoueny no?ee? aca?iica’ycee i?ae ye?nieie iiiyooyie oa ?o
e?euee?nieie aea?aaeaioaie, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy
??oaiiy; aea/a?oueny aca?iica’yce? i?ae a?eiaeie ?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie iniaenoino? oa
noa’?eoeaieie ioe?ii/ieie aoaeiiaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ineoieia?/i? ioe?ii/i? aoaeiie, ia/?oe? e?iaa?noe/i?
ioe?iee, i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy, noa’?eoeaia oeaethaaiiy, i?ioean
aei?ine?oaiiy.

Ivanova E. Assessment References as Means of Diagnostics of Individual
Psychological Peculiarities of a Personality. — Manuscript.

Dissertation on searching of candidate of psychological science
scientific degree in speciality 19.00.07 — Pedagogical and Development
Psychology. — The Institute of Psychology by name G.S.Kostjuk, Academy
of Pedagogical Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

Thesis containing theoretical and experimental research of development
and individual psychological pecularities of a person using fuzzy
linguistic assessment during the period adolesence — adulthood. The
theoretical part of the research explores the assessment procedure in
the context of philosophy and psychology and the nature of fuzzy
linguistic assessment used while making decisions, selecting and
estimating the alternatives. General laws of assessment are disclosed, a
personality with hisher peculiarities being regarded as a rather
irrational part of the assessment analitical procedure. The experimental
part of the work explores steady correlation between qualitative notions
and their quantitative equivalents, used in the process of decision
making; development dynamics of correlation between individual
psychological pecularities of a personality and subjective assessment
references is studied.

Key words: psychological assessment references, fuzzy linguistical
assessment, decision making, subjective scale, process of adulthood.

Eaaiiaa A.A. Ioeaii/iua yoaeiiu eae n?aaenoai aeeaaiinoeee
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo naienoa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.07 — iaaeaaiae/aneay e aic?anoiay
ineoieiaey. — Einoeooo ineoieiaee eiaie A.N.Einothea AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa,
1999.

Caueuaaony oai?aoe/aneia e yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea aic?anoiuo e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae ee/iinoe i?e ia/aoeii
eeiaaenoe/aneii ioeaieaaiee a ia?eiae thiinoue-ac?ineinoue.

Iao/iay iiaecia enneaaeiaaiey ninoieo a aiaeeca acaeiinaycae iaaeaeo
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeie iniaaiiinoyie ee/iinoe e oa?aeoa?ii
ia/aoeiai eeiaaenoe/aneiai ioeaieaaiey; iieacaii, /oi naiaia?acea
nenoaiu ioeaiie e yoaeiiia eiaeeaeaea , iaoneiaeaiiia aai iieiauie e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeie iniaaiiinoyie, nio?aiyaony ia
i?ioyaeaiee oeacaiiiai aeeciaiiiai ia?eiaea.

Iieo/aiiay a enneaaeiaaiee eioi?iaoeey iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny a
ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneie i?aeoeea i?e oi?ie?iaaiee iioeaaoeeiiiie noa?u
o/aueony, a ineoieiae/aneii eiinoeueoe?iaaiee a ea/anoaa iiiiue i?e
i?eiyoee ?aoaiey, ioeaiea e auai?a aeueoa?iaoea, a ineoiaeeaaiinoeea eae
iieaciay eioi?iaoeey aeey eiino?oe?iaaiey oanoiauo oeae

Aeenna?oaoeey ninoieo ec aaaaeaiey, o?ao aeaa, auaiaeia, nienea
eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u.

A ia?aie aeaaa eco/aaony iaoaieci i?ioeanna ioeaieaaiey a aniaeoa
oeeinioneeo e ineoieiae/aneeo ?ac?aaioie. Aeaoaeueii ?anniio?aiu
oai?aoe/aneea e aiie?e/aneea enneaaeiaaiey ioeaii/iuo ooieoeee,
i?iaaaeaiiuo a ?aieao ineoieiae/aneie oai?ee i?eiyoey ?aoaiey. Aieueoia
aieiaiea oaeaeaii ?iee, ianoo e iaoaiecio ioeaii/iuo i?ioeannia a
i?eiyoee ?aoaiey, iineieueeo ioeaieaaiea yaeyaony aaaeiaeoei oaeoi?ii a
i?eiyoee ethaiai ?aoaiey e a iauyniaiee iioeaaoeee iiaaaeaiey.

I?ioeann ioeaieaaiey enneaaeiaaeny i?aaeaea anaai n oi/ee c?aiey aai
aeeaaea a i?ioeann i?eiyoey ?aoaiey. I?e yoii /aeiaae n aai
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie ea/anoaaie ?anniao?eaaeny eae /anoue aiaeeoe/aneie
i?ioeaaeo?u i?eiyoey ?aoaiey, eioi?ay iaania/eaaao ioeaee.

A ?aaioa aiaeece?othony ineoioece/aneea enneaaeiaaiey. Iniaia aieiaiea
i?eaeaeatho ?iaiou, iinayuaiiua eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui ?acee/eyi a
noauaeoeaiii oeaee?iaaiee, a eioi?uo iieacaii, /oi
eioa?eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay aa?eaaaeueiinoue ineoioece/aneeo oeae naycaia n
iniaaiiinoyie ia?aiie nenoaiu, aeaaiaea?y /aio noaiiaeony aiciiaeiui
?acaeae eiaeeaeaeia ia “oaaee/eoaeae” e “oiaiueoeoaeae”.

Enoiaey ec iaiauaiee ?acoeueoaoia iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee, noi?ioee?iaaiu
iniiaiua oai?aoe/aneea iieiaeaiey enneaaeiaaiey.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea ?ane?uaathony iauea caeiiiia?iinoe a ioeaieaaiee,
i?e/ai eiaeeaeae n aai iniaaiiinoyie ?anniao?eaaaony eae aeinoaoi/ii
e??aoeeiiaeueiay /anoue aiaeeoe/aneie i?ioeaaeo?u ioeaii/iiai i?ioeanna.
aiaeece?othony iauaeoeaiua e noauaeoeaiua oaeoi?u, eioi?ua aeeytho ia
i?ioeann ioeaieaaiey, aeaeaaony iiiuoea iauynieoue iaoaieci yoiai
aeeyiey.

Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony i?ioeanno ioeaieaaiey a iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiuo
nenoaiao, eioi?ui naienoaaiiu iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue e ?aciuoinoue.
Ioia/aaony niaoeeoeea ioeaieaaiey a oaeeo neooaoeeyo, eioi?ay ninoieo a
iaee/ee i?eno?anoiinoe, e??aoeeiiaeueiinoe iuoeaiey, neeoiinoe
eiaieoeaiuo e yiioeeiiaeueiuo eiiiiiaioia ioeaiee.

Aiaeece?oaony iiiuoea E.Caaea iauynieoue iiaaaeaiea /aeiaaea e iienaoue
ethaoth i?iaeaiioth neooaoeeth n iiiiuueth oai?ee ia/aoeeo
eeiaaenoe/aneeo ioeaiie, eioi?ay iaieioee?oao ?aciuouie eaoaai?eyie
iin?aaenoaii eeiaaenoe/aneeo ia?aiaiiuo e ioa?anuaaao any/aneee
eiee/anoaaiiue aiaeec neooaoeee.

?anniao?eaaaony aii?in i aeeyiee ia i?ioeann ioeaieaaiey e auai?a,
ai-ia?auo, e ia oi?ie?iaaiea e aiciiaeiua eciaiaiey yoaeiiiie nenoaiu,
ai-aoi?uo, eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae ee/iinoe, aa
iieiauo e aic?anoiuo oa?aeoa?enoee, a oaeaea iniaaiiinoae iioeaaoeeiiiie
noa?u.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea ?anne?uaaaony niaea?aeaiea i?iaaaeaiiie
yenia?eiaioaeueiie /anoe, enneaaeothony noieeea acaeiinayce iaaeaeo
ea/anoaaiiuie iiiyoeyie e eo eiee/anoaaiiuie yeaeaaeaioaie,
eniieuecoaiuie a i?ioeanna i?eiyoey ?aoaiey; eco/aaony acaeiinaycue
iaaeaeo eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeie iniaaiiinoyie ee/iinoe e
noauaeoeaiuie ioeaii/iuie yoaeiiaie.

A auaiaeao aeaaony aiaeec oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
?acoeueoaoia, iiaeaiaeyony iniiaiua eoiae ?aaiou, eioi?ua
iiaeoaa?aeaeatho auaeaeioooth aeiioaco.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ineoieiae/aneea ioeaii/iua yoaeiiu, ia/aoeea
eeiaaenoe/aneea ioeaiee, i?eiyoea ?aoaiey, noauaeoeaiia oeaee?iaaiea,
i?ioeann ac?ineaiey.

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