Національні цінності особистості: сутність та особливості формування: Автореф. дис… канд. філос. наук / О.М. Корнієнко, Київ. ун-т ім.Т.Шевченка. —

EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

EI?I??IEI IEAENAIAe? IEEIEAEIAE*

OAeE 130.3:159.922.4:316.752

IAOe?IIAEUeI? Oe?IIINO? INIAENOINO?:

NOOI?NOUe OA INIAEEAINO? OI?IOAAIIss

09.00.03 – nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa o?einio?y ?noi???

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee -aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? ss?ioiaaoeue
Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?noi??? o?einio??
o?einionueeiai oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Ae/ei Aaea Ei?i??aia, eaoaae?a
noni?eueieo iaoe Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ?inoeoooo oaao?aeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa ?i. ?.Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai, i?ioani?.

— eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaae?a TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/,
eaoaae?a o?einio?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i?ioani?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

— Oeaio? aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe IAI Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_25_”_n?/iy__1999?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 01.01.37 ?c caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe o Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, i.Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea,
60, aoae. 330, oae. 221-03-46).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?iai?
I.Iaeneiiae/a Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017,
i.Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_23_”_a?oaeiy__1998__?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ne?eiea I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Aiaeic caaaeueiioeeaieicaoeieieo i?ioeania
naiae/eoue, ui a no/aniiio naioi aeithoue aeai iniiaii aeiaeaeoe/ii
aca?iiiia’ycaii oaiaeaioei? ?icaeoeo, yei cia/iith ii?ith aecia/athoue
eiai caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?. Iaeia c ieo iieyaa? a c?inoaiii ?aeiinoi,
oeieiniinoi ethaenoaa, a ooaa?aeaeaiii eieaeoeaiinoi, ye eiai i?aaii/ii?
aeanoeainoi. Ae?oaa — o noai?aiii iiaeo iiaeeeainoae aeey i?iyao
oi?eaeueiino? oa iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoi ethaenoaa, naiae/aiiyi /iai ?,
cie?aia, i?ioean iaoeiiiaeueiiai naiiooaa?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeia.
«Iaoeiiiaeueiei ia?aaeienii OO noieiooy» iaceaathoue a/aii neooaoeith,
eiee c iaeiiai aieo aiaeaoaathoueny cia/ii i?ioeane aneiieyoei?,
caeeaeaiiy ia?iaeia naioo, a c iioiai aieo niinoa?iaa?oueny iaaoaaeee
?iaaiue iaoeiiiaeueiiai ?ooo, c?inoaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiinoi,
aaaaoi/eneaiii eiioeieoe ia oeueiio a?oioi. Oaea noia?a/eeainoue
?icaeoeo ethaenoaa ciooo? ii-iiaiio iiaeieoe aei ieoaiiy i?i nooiinoue
iaoeiiiaeueiiai, eiai ?ieue ? cia/aiiy a aeeooi noniieuenoaa, a aeeooi
eiie?aoii? iniaenoinoi, i iaaioue aei nooiinoi naii? ethaeeie.

O aio/eciyiiio noniieuenoaiciaanoai iiia?aaeiio aeanyoeeioue ethaeeia
i iniaenoinoue ?icaeyaeaeeny o eiioaenoi noniieueieo aiaeiinei. Oiio ia
aeiaaeeiaei ? oa, ui aoei aieueo-iaio inyaiooi ethaenueeo nooiinoue c
iiceoei? ?? nioeiaeueii? aeiyeueiinoi ye noa’?eoa noniieueieo aiaeiinei,
aea aiia aenooia? a ?iei eeaniaiai iiaeeaiaea, yeee oi?io?oueny oiiaaie
ae?iaieoeoaa oa eeaniaeo aca?iei. Oaea iaaeii?ia aiia?aieicaoeiy
i?eioeeio eeaniaiai iiaeoiaeo oa oioaeueia «nioeiaeicaoeiy» iniae
i?eaaee aei oiai, ui ethaeeia ao?aoeea nai? iaaii aecia/aeueii no?oeoo?e
aoooy, yei ia caiaeyoueny eeoa aei ?? nioeiaeueii-oaiiiaiaeueii? yeinoi,
a ca nai?th iioieiai/iith i?e?iaeith ? aieueo aeeaeiieie, a oiio i
aieueo iiaa?iaioieie uiaei ciii o noniieueii-iieioe/iiio na?aaeiaeui.
Naia aei oaeeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeanoeainoae ie aiaeiineii
iaoeiiiaeueiee aeii? aoooy, yeee iio?aao? naiai ?aoaeueiiai aea/aiiy.

Aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaeaie aeeeeeaia oaeiae oei, ui o
aieueoinoi e?a?i iinoeiioi?noe/iiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo, a oiio /enei e
Oe?a?ie, ia?aoiae noniieuenoaa aiae oioaeioa?iiai cae?eoiai aei
iinooioaeioa?iiai, aiaee?eoiai, aeey yeiai oa?aeoa?ieie ?
iiaeeaiaeoaeicaoeiy noniieueiiai ?icaeoeo, ciioeiaiiy i?aa ethaeeie ia
naiaiaeo, cie?aia, ia naiaiaeo ?? aeooiaiiai ?icaeoeo,
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny «iaoeiiiaeueiei ?aianainii»; iaoeiy iinoa? /e ia
?aeeiith, «?aoa?aioiith a?oiith» e aeieea? caa?ica caiiie oioaeioa?ecio
eeaniaiai, oioaeioa?eciii iaoeiiiaeueiei. Aiaeic oaie aeena?oaoeieiiai
aeineiaeaeaiiy ? aeooaeueiei o ca’yceo c ianiaei onaiaeiieaiiyi oiai, ui
iiaoaeiaaiee ca oaoiie?aoe/ieie i?iaeoaie naio ao?a/a? ?ene caaee/aii?
aeioeieueiinoi i oiio aeieea? iaiaoiaeiinoue aiaeiiaeaiiy oa
aeooaeicaoei? o?aaeeoeieii-naioiaeyaeiiai yae?a, ui ? o eiaeiie
iaoeiiiaeueiie eoeueoo?i.

Aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy aeeeeeaia oaeiae oei, ui oaia oi?ioaaiiy
iaoeiiiaeueii? naiaeiiinoi a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie caeeoa?oueny cia/ouith ua
aieueoa, aiiae ia ii/aoeo noaiiaeaiiy iieiaei? aea?aeaae. Aiaeaoaa?oueny
iiaeaeueoa caaino?aiiy nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ii? e?ece, iineeththoueny
iaaa?acaee a iioeo noa?ao aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi iaiiiiaieeaoo?iiai
noniieuenoaa, a yeiio iaaioue naia aeniea iaeay cai/o?oueny oi?iaeiciii
oa ath?ie?aoeciii. Aei? aea?aeaae a oeueiio ieoaiii iaaaaeothoue nei?ioa
«eaaaea?ienueei» aoaee, iiae i?iaeoiaio, aeaaaeaio, iineiaeiaio
iieioeeo, yea iiaeiia nie?aoeny, a oiio /enei, ia oieinionueeee aiaeic
cacia/aii? i?iaeaie.

Nooiiiue iaoeiaiai ii?aoethaaiiy i?iaeaie. Oaia aeena?oaoeieiiai
aeineiaeaeaiiy aeeth/a? a naaa aeaa aniaeoe. Ia?oee noino?oueny i?iaeaie
iaoeiiiaeueieo aiaeiinei. Caaaeaii nioeiaeueii-oieinionueei aeniiaee
uiaei inoaiiuei? iiaeia ciaeoe a i?aoeyo aoiia?aoia (A?iieay TH.A.,
Oioeiaa A.A., Noa?iaieoiai? A.A.), eoeueoo?ieiaia (Iiiiae/a I.A.,
Iaeaoiaa A.A., ?eia?aiea TH.I., Neo?aoianueeiai A.A.), eiioeieoieiaia
(?aoooa A.A., Ei?aeaia I.A., Ieoaeeiaa A.A., Ai?ianueeiai O.ss.),
oaoiaoeia o aaeoci aea?aeaaioai?aiiy (E?aiaiy A.A., Iiaeaeoaiiai A.A.,
Iiai?ieei A.O.), a oaeiae caoiaeieo aoiinioeiieiaia oa aoiieiaia
(Aaeeiaia O., Aaeeia?a A., Aeie/a E.).

Ae?oaee aniaeo noino?oueny i?iaeaie oeiiiinoae. Aeaia i?iaeaia
aeine?aeaeo?oueny o ?iaioao oaeeo cao?aeieo ieneeoae?a ye ?.Eaio,
A.??eea?o, A.A?iaeaeueaaiae, I.Oaea?, I.Aa?oiai, I.Aaaa?, A.Aeth?eaaei,
O.Ia?niin, A.O?aiee oa ?i. O a?o/eciyi?e oieinioi? inieneaiiy
aen?ieia?/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee ii/aeiny aeoeaii caeienithaaoeny c ii/aoeo
60-o ?ieia OO noieiooy. Aeineiaeaeaiiy cacia/aii? i?iaeaie aaaeaoueny ca
oaeeie iniiaieie iai?yieaie:

— eiaiei-aiinaieiai/iee aiaeic oeiiiinii? i?iaeaiaoeee.

Aeacaia i?iaeaia ?icaeyaea?oueny o eiioaenoi aca?iiaiaeiinei noa’?eoa
aei aeieniinoi, ui iinoyoue a niai ia eeoa ciaiiy i?i ia’?eo, aea e
ciaiiy i?i aiaeiioaiiy noa’?eoa aei ia’?eoo (Aeaena?a I.A., Aiiniiia
N.O., Aieeiea A.I., Ae?iaieoeueeee I.A., Aeo/aiei I.A., Ei?ooiia A.I.,
?eaeei A.A., Ooaa?iiia A.I. oa ii.);

— eiaiei-iaoiaeieiai/iee aiaeic. I?iaeaia oeiiiinoi ooo aiaeico?oueny
a caaaeueiiio eiioaenoi no/aniiai iaoeiaiai iiciaiiy (Ae/ei ?.A.,
Caa?iaeii A.TH., Eaeoi?nueeee A.I., Iai/o? I.A., Ia?ithe I.I.,
ss?ioiaaoeue A.I. oa ii.);

— nioeiieiai/iee aniaeo oeiiiinoi. I?e oeueiio iiaeoiaei aea/athoueny
iniaeeainoi aieeao nenoaie oeiiiinoae ia oi?ioaaiiy nioeiieiai/iiai
ciaiiy, eiai ia’?eoeaiinoue, iiaeeeainoue aooe iino?oiaioii
nioeiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy (Aieiae/ A.I., Cae?aaiieneia A.A., Iaioaoia
A.A., Ieoaeue/aiei I.I., Iiiia N.I., ?o/ea A.I. oa ii.);

— eoeueoo?ieiai/iee aniaeo aeineiaeaeaiue iiaee?aneth? aca?iica’ycie
oeiiiinieo oyaeaiue ye iiiaiaioieo oa?aeoa?enoee eoeueoo?e, ?o
aoiaeaeaiiy a eoeueoo?io oeaieio ye eiie?aoii? aiioe, oae i ani??
inoi?i? ethaenoaa (Aiae?ouaiei A.I., Ae/ei A.E., Aoaa?nueeee E.A.,
I?e/aiie A.I., *aa/aaaaeca I.C., Oeiea?oe A.I., ssoeaiei I.I. oa ii.).

E?ii oiai, ?yae ?iaio i?enay/aii inyaiaiith niaoeeoiee oeiiiinoi a
?icieo aaeocyo ciaiiy: iieioe/iie, aeiiiii/iie, i?aaiaie, aeieiai/iie,
anoaoe/iie, ?aeiaieiie (A?a/aiee A.A., Cieioooiia-Aaieiia ?.A., Co?a
A.I., E?ena/aiei A.N., Ein?a I.O., Ieoaeue/aiei I.I., Naiaoei I.A.,
Oeeia A.I., Oaae?a TH.I. oa ii.).

A inoaiii ?iee aeoeaicoaaany aiaeic i?iaeaie oeiiiinii? i?i?ioaoei?
iniaenoinoi a i?ioeani ?? noaiiaeaiiy oa aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi (Aaee?ia
A.N., Aieiaaoee I.O., Aieiaaoa ?.I., Iieeye I.I., Innianueeee A.E.,
Iacaiie A.N., Ia?ithe I.I., Iiaeieuenueea ?.A., Nioaiue E.A.,
Oaaa/eianueeee A.A. oa ii.).

Aeineiaeaeaiiy aeua caaaeaieo aaoi?ia iiaeaiooaaee oai?aoe/io iniiao
aeey iiaeeaeaiiai aiaeico i?iaeaie iaoeiiiaeueieo oeiiiinoae
iniaenoinoi, yea a iaoeiaie eioa?aoo?i aea/aia ua iaaeinoaoiuei.
O?eaaeee /an iaoeiy ye iiaea?oioy aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?icaeiooi? iniaenoino?
aoea cacaeaeaaiaeue iai?eaeaoiith. Oiio aiae/oaaany aeaoioeeo
oai?aoe/ieo ?iaio, yei ?icaeyaeaee iniaenoinoue a no?oeoo?i iaoei? ye
noa’?eo iaoeiieoeueoo?ieo yeinoae. I?ioa a inoaiii ?iee eieueeinoue
?iaio ic cacia/aii? i?iaeaiaoeee caieueoo?oueny. Iniaeeao oaaao
i?eaa?oathoue oaei i?aoei ye: «Oaiiiai iaoe??: iniiae
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?» ca ?aaeaeoe??th Iiiiaa A.A. (E.: «Ciaiiy», 1998),
«Iaea aioeeeeiiaae?y aoiiaea?aeaaiciaanoaa» (E.: Aaiaca, 1996),
«Iaoeiiiaeueiee ?ica?e Oe?a?ie: i?iaeaie i ia?niaeoeae» ?eia?aiea TH.I.
(E.: TH?iieii, 1995), «Aeooiai? i???ioaoe?? iieiae?: aeeiai?ea ?
oi?ioaaiiy» – ea??aiee aaoi?nueeiai eieaeoeao Iaaeieueiee ?.O. (E.:
1994), «Iioieiai/ii i?iaeaie eoeueoo?e» (E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1994),
«Aoiin i nioeioi» — aiaeiiaiaeaeueiee ?aaeaeoi? Iiiia A.A. (E.: Iaoeiaa
aeoiea, 1993) oa iioi.

O a?o/eciyi?e o?einionueei-eoeueoo?ieia?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ieioeiai
i?iaeaiaoeeo «iniaa ? iaoe?y» aiae?cothoue I.Aa?aey?a, A.Aeiie/aiei,
I.A?ooaanueeee, Ae.Aeiioeia, I.Ae?aaiiaiia, A.Eeieinueeee,
?.Eenye-?oaeieoeueeee, I.I?oiianueeee, ?.O?aiei, I.Oaeeueiaee oa ?io?.

Iacaaaeath/e ia iayaiinoue oe?ieiai eiea ioaeieaoeie, aeineiaeaeaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaii? oaie ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe caaa?oaiei. Iiaee iiai?io
noniieueii? i?aeoeee, iiai aeooiaii i?i?ioaoei? i nioeiaeueia caaaeaiiy
iio?aaothoue, c iaeiiai aieo, a?oioiaiiai ia?ainieneaiiy ieoaiue, ui
caeaaaeiny a oaea io?eiaee aieueo-iaio aeaaaeaio oieinionueeo
iioa?i?aoaoeith, c ae?oaiai — oaaaeiiai aea/aiiy oeo aniaeoia aeaii?
i?iaeaie, yei iia’ycaii c nioeiaeueiei iiiaeaiiyi, iaoeiiiaeueiei
?aianainii, aoiaeaeaiiyi Oe?a?ie o naioiaa niiaoiaa?enoai, oi?ioaaiiyi
?? aea?aeaaii? no?aoaai?. Aei eiea ieoaiue, yei iio?aaothoue
iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy, aiaeiinyoueny ieoaiiy i?i nenoaio oeiiiinoae
iniaenoinoi i iinoea iaoeiiiaeueiiai a oeie nenoaii, aeiaeaeoeeo
aoii/ieo i nioeiaeueieo ?ieae iniaenoinoi, no?oeoo?ii aeaiaioe
oi?ioaaiiy ?? iaoeiiiaeueii? naiiaecia/aiinoi. O ca’yceo c
iaaeinoaoiueith ?ic?iaeith oei?? i?iaeaiaoeee oa aino?ith noniieueiith
iio?aaith ?? aiaeico aeena?oaio ia?aa aeaio oaio ye i?aaeiao
aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaiaoeea
aeena?oaoe?? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo eaoaae?e «O?einio?? oa
nioe?ieia??» ca oaiith «Aoiai?noe/iee aniaeo ia?aoai?aiue o noa??
no/anieo noni?eueieo a?aeiinei».

Iaoa i caaea/? aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aieiaia iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o
aeineiaeaeaiii nooiinoi iaoeiiiaeueieo oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi,
iniaeeainoae ?o oi?ioaaiiy oa oaiaeaioeie ?icaeoeo.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iio?aao? ae?ioaiiy ?yaeo aca?iiiia’ycaieo
caaea/, cie?aia, iio?iaii:

— ooi/ieoe noaoon oa ciino aeoiaeiiai iiiyooy «oeiiiinoi» a
eaoaai?iaeueiie niooei nioeiaeueii? oieinioi? oa aen?ieiai/iie oai?i?
iniaenoinoi;

— aeineiaeeoe i?e?iaeo iaoeiiiaeueiiai /a?ac ?icoiiiiy i?e?iaee i
nooiinoi ethaeeie;

— aecia/eoe iinoea i ?ieue iaoeiiiaeueieo oeiiiinoae a nenoaii
oeiiiinieo i?i?ioe?ia iniaenoinoi;

— iaa?oiooaaoe cia/eiinoue aoiaiinoe/ieo canaae aeiaeaeoeee
caaaeueiiethaenueeiai, eeaniaiai i iaoeiiiaeueiiai oa
iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai;

— i?iaiaeicoaaoe iniiaii no?oeoo?ii aeaiaioe oi?ioaaiiy, ?icaeoeo i
ooieoeiiioaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueieo oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai aoooy
ethaeeie aeine?aeaeo?oueny ia aen?ieia?/iiio ??ai?, /a?ac oi?ioaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?iiinoae iniaenoino?.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oaei iieiaeaiiy, ui yaeythoue iiaecio:

— nenoaia oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi ia? aiaeiinii naiinoieiee oa?aeoa?,
?? no?oeoo?a aeeth/a? aca?iiaeith oaeeo e?eoa?iaeueieo ia?aiao?ia ye
oeiiiinoi aeeooy i eiai naino, oeiiiinoue ii?aeueiiai aeai?o a/eieo oa
iiaaaeiiee, iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-nioeiaeueii oeiiiinoi, ui aiaeaeaathoue
no?oeoo?o aeiyeueiinoi iniaenoinoi, niaoeeoi/iee niinia ?? inioaaiiy.
Naia caaaeyee aca?iiaei? cacia/aieo oeiiiinoae caaacia/o?oueny /ioeinoue
i noieeinoue a?iiaaeyinueei? iiceoei? ethaeeie, yea i?iyaey?oueny a ??
a/eieao, noaaeaiii aei nai?o i?ioanieieo, a?iiaaeyinueeeo oa iioeo
iaia’yceia, aei iioeo ethaeae;

— iaoeiy — ? eiie?aoiei i?iyaii aoii/iiai, eiai iniaeeaei ooai?aiiyi.
Aioo?ioii iaoaiicie aoiiaaiaco oinii iia’ycaii c aio?iiiaaiacii acaaaei.
Ia ?iaii iaoei? nioeiaeueii eiiiiiaioe aoii/iiai aeiiiiothoue iaae
i?e?iaeii-aiieiai/ieie, oei naiei aiae/oaa?oueny caieueiaiiy iniaenoinoi
aiae e?iaii-?iaeeiii? iaiaaeaiinoi, iiaeeaiae onaiaeiieth? iiaeeeainoue
i?iyao naiaiaee aiei i naiinoieii iaiaaeo? oeth naiaiaeo ia ei?enoue
eieaeoeaiei, cie?aia iaoeiiiaeueiei iioa?anai. Oaeei /eiii, iaoeiy ?
oi?ia ia’?aeiaiiy ethaeae a oiiaao «a?iiaaeyinueeiai noniieuenoaa».
?icieoey eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaeoiaeia aei ?icoiiiiy iaoei?, aoiiaaiaco
aeeeoo? ?icieoeth a iaoiaeieiai/iiio iino?oiaioa?i? i?e oeoia/aiii
iaoeiiiaeueii? naiaeiiinoi iniaenoinoi, iinoaiiaee i ae?ioaiii naii?
i?iaeaie ?? oi?ioaaiiy;

— o aeena?oaoei? caeieniaii ia?ainieneaiiy o caaaeueiiethaenueeiio
eiioaenoi o?aaeeoeieieo iiiyoue (iaoeiiiaeici, iioa?iaoeiiiaeici,
einiiiieioeci, iao?iioeci), yei aiaeia?aaeathoue iinoea iaoeiiiaeueiiai
a oeiiiiniie i?i?ioaoei? iniaenoinoi i aiae?iaeaeaiiy ?noeiiiai ciinoo
yeeo ? iaeiei ic aaaeeeaioeo /eiieeia ?icaoaeiae Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae;

— aeoiaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii? naiiaecia/aiino? iniaenoinoi aaco?oueny ia
iniiai iioeiaeueiiai aaeaino iaoeiiiaeueieo i caaaeueiiethaenueeeo
oeiiiinoae, yei ia oieueee aca?iicaia?a/othoue, aea e
aca?iiaeiiiaiththoue iaeia iaeio;

— ia?aaeoiiaith oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii? aecia/aiinoi iniaenoinoi ?
ae?iaeaiiy iath iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiino?. ?acii c oei,
iniaenoinoue io?eio? iaoeiiiaeueio aecia/aiinoue, eeoa aeeth/ath/enue o
aioo?ioith no?oeoo?o niieueiinoi, a?aoiaoth/e aeiaeaeoeeo aoii/ieo i
nioeiaeueieo ?ieae iniaenoinoi, yea ?aaeico?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith
eoeueoo?e acaaaei, iiae, ?aeiai?, ienoaoeoaa, inoi?i?, cie?aia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/ia i i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ae?iaeaiii iiaeo iiaeoiaeia aei
i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiinoi iniaenoinoi,
ia?ainieneaiii inoeiiiai ciinoo iiiyoue, yei aiaeia?aaeathoue niaeo?
iaoeiiiaeueii? i?i?ioaoei? iniaenoinoi (iaoeiiiaeici, iioa?iaoeiiiaeici,
einiiiieioeci, iao?iioeci), c’ynoaaiii iniaeeainoae oa iniiaieo
oaiaeaioeie ?icaeoeo iaoeiiiaeueiiai a oiiaao noniieueiiai iiiaeaiiy oa
iineeaiiy iioaa?aoeieieo i?ioeania. I?iaiaeiciaaii iniiaii /eiieee
(oieueeei?ii-iiaooiaa eoeueoo?a, iiaa, iaoeiiiaeueii o?aaeeoei? oa
cae/a?, ienoaoeoai, ?aeiaiy, inaioa) oi?ioaaiiy oa aeaiaioe (iiaa,
aoiinoa?aioeie, inoi?e/ia iai’youe, iaoeiiiaeueia iaeay) iaoeiiiaeueii?
naiinaiaeiiinoi ethaeeie.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii o oai?aoe/iiio
iaa?oiooaaiii iaoeiiiaeueii? no?aoaai? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy Oe?a?ie,
?aoi?ioaaiiy inaioe, eoeueoo?e, aeoiaaiiy, ui aeicaieeoue aecia/eoe
i?aeoe/ii e?iee i?e ?ica’ycaiii ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?ioe?i/ i e?eciaeo
neooaoeie nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/iiai, iieioe/iiai i eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo
iaoi? e?a?ie.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o
iaa/aeueii-aeeeaaeaoeuee?e ?iaio?. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue
oa?eoe o niaoe?aeueiee ?icae?e iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a, eaeoe?ei? eo?ne
oa niaoeeo?ne c nioe?aeueii? o?einio??, iie?oieia??, nioe?ieia??,
eoeueoo?ieia??. Cie?aia aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeena?oaioii i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?
/eoaii? niaoe?aeueiiai eo?no aeey nooaeaio?a aeiiii?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy i aeniiaee
aeineiaeaeaiiy:

— aeiiiaiaeaeeny ia iiaeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioeiyo oa
neiiicioiao, oaeeo, ye: iiaeia?iaeiee neiiicioi «III i iaeaooii
iieieiiiy» (Ee?a, 1995), iiaeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioeiy
«Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu ia?aoiaea e iauanoao niaoaiiie
yeiiiieee» (Noie, 1992), iiaeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioeiy
«Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea e iieeoe/aneea i?ioeannu iauanoaa a
ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae» (Noie, 1995);

— iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoiaeieiai/ieo naiiia?ao eaoaae?e oieinioi? oa
nioeiieiai? Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oiiaa?neoaoo.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o 3-o iaoeiaeo
noaooyo, 3-o iaoa??aeao ? oacao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e ?
neiiic?oio.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei? iaoiiaeaia ciinoii, iaoith i
caaaeaiiyi aeineiaeaeaiiy. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icaeieia, no?oeoo?a i iineiaeiaiinoue yeeo aiaeiiaiaea? aioo?ioiie
eiaioei ii?aoethaaiiy oaie, aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.
Ia’?i aeena?oaoei? neeaaea? 181 i.i.n., nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
aeeth/a? 281 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CIINO AeENA?OAOeI?

O anooii iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeineiaeaeaiiy,
c’yniao?oueny nooiiiue ?? ii?aoethaaiiy, oi?io?oueny iaoa i caaaeaiiy
aeineiaeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii oai?aoe/io i i?aeoe/io cia/eiinoue ?iaioe,
aeaco?oueny ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe i ?? no?oeoo?a.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei — «Nenoaia oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi: ciino i
no?oeoo?a» — aiaeico?oueny i?e?iaea, nooiinoue, ciino nenoaie oeiiiinoae
iniaenoinoi.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy ii/eia?oueny c aiaeico eiai/ieo iiciaaaeueieo caniaia
aeniieiai/ii? oai?i? iniaenoinoi — ?? iiiyoue, eaoaai?ie. Ianaiia?aae
ooi/ith?oueny nooiinoue i i?e?iaea aeoiaeiiai iiiyooy «oeiiiinoi»,
ooi/ith?oueny ianya i ciino iiiyooy «nenoaia oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi».

Oeiiiinoi iniaenoinoi — oea nenoaiia iciaea, ui aeyaey?
ooieoeiiiaeueiee aniaeo iniaenoiniiai cia/aiiy a i?ioeani aeiyeueiinoi,
oa?aeoa?eco? niaoeeoi/ii aeneieiai/ii aiaeiineie c aieo iniaenoinoi,
ni?yiiaaii ia ?aaeicaoeith iniaenoeo iio?aa, iioa?ania, oae i iioa?ania
nenoaie, a yeo aeeth/aia iaaia iniaenoinoue. Oeiiiinoue iniaenoinoi ye
nenoaia yaey? niaith oeieiniee aniaeo, ui ia? iaaia /enei
ooieoeiiioth/eo, noiinieo iaeei c iaeiei, iia’ycaieo aeaiaioia oa
aca?iiaiaeiinei iiae ieie.

Oeiiiinoyi iniaenoinoi i?eoaiaiii oaei nenoaiiooai?thth/i iciaee, ye
oeieiniinoue, iioaa?aoeaiinoue, no?oeoo?iinoue, i??a?oi/iinoue oa
noiiniinoue aeaiaioia, ca’ycie ic na?aaeiaeuai.

Aeaiaio nenoaie oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi — oea yeinii aecia/aia
?aaeueiinoue, oiaoi oa /e iioa oeiiiinoue, cia/oua aeey iniaenoinoi oa
aeeth/aia a ?? aeiyeueiinoue. O nenoaii oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi
aeanoeainoue noiiniinoi aeyaey?oueny, ye o noiinieoeoai aeaiaioia, ii ?o
aaiaceno, ?iei i noa?ai aeiyeueiinoi, oae i a noiinieoeoai aeaiaioia
eiaeii? noa?e c oni?th nenoaiith oeiiiinoae.

Iayaiinoue iaeii?iaeieo aeaiaioia aenooia? oiiaith ooai?aiiy
iiaenenoai, a noeoiiinoue iiaenenoai — ani?? nenoaie oeiiiinoae o
oeieiio. Oaeeie iiaenenoaiaie ? aeooiaii oeiiiinoi, ui aenooiathoue ye
oeiiiinoi aeeooy i eiai naino, ii?aeueii oeiiiinoi, oiaoi oeiiiinoi
ii?aeueiiai aeai?o, a/eieo oa iiaaaeiiee, iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-nioeiaeueii
oeiiiinoi, ui aiaeaeaathoue no?oeoo?o ethaenueei? aeiyeueiinoi,
niaoeeoi/iee niinia ethaenueeiai aoooy.

Nenoaia oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi iaeaaeeoue aei iaeaieueo neeaaeieo oeiia
nenoai, yeei i?eoaiaiii ni?yiiaai?noue oa naiii?aaiiciaaiinoue.
Iaiaoiaeiei eiiiiiaioii nooiinii? aecia/aiinoi iniaenoinoi ? ??
caaaeueia oeiiiinia iai?aaeaiinoue, yea yaey? niaith neeaaeio
aaaaoiii?io oeiiiinio iiaeaeue iioaa?iaaieo o iaaio nenoaio caaaeueieo
oi?i aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi, yei ?icaeyaeathoueny iniaenoinoth a yeinoi
iaiaoiaeieo oiia ?? naii?aaeicaoei? i yei aenooiathoue a ?? naiaeiiinoi
a ?iei ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iniia onio ioeiiie. O aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c oeeie
«aacenieie» oeiiiinoyie naiaeiiinoue iniaenoinoi i?iaiaeeoue eiai/io i
ciinoiaio «aa?eoieaoeith» anio oeiii?nieo oyaeaiue, aeeth/ath/e ?o a
nenoaio ye aeaiaioe oa caaacia/oth/e ?o i??a?oi/iinoue oa noiiniinoue.
«sseui anyea iioa oeiiiinoue ia?aaeeaa?oueny ye ia?ac aai iicaia?acia
ocaaaeueiaiiy, yea ia? eiie?aoii eiioo?e, /ioei iaaei, oi aeua
oeiiiinoue ? iiaeaeue, yea ii?iaeaeo? ianeii/aiio aaaaoiiaiioiinoue
nai?o eiie?aoieo i?iyaia, aeooiaia ooai?aiiy, yea i?iaiaeeoue
«aiaiaoeith» iainyaeiiai ?yaeo ciinoia. Aeui oeiiiinoi caaaeaee
aenooiathoue ye uinue i?eioeeiiai iaioiieaia, yea ianoieueee ia?aaaaea?
iiaeeaiaea, ui aii aiae/oaa? naaa eeoa iiiaioii oei?? aaeeei? i
iiaooiuei? oeieiniinoi. Ianeii/aiiinoue aiioeiiiaeueiiai ia?aciiai
«iiey» aeueo oeiiiinoae i?iyaey?oueny o oiio, ui aiie ia?aaeeaathoueny
ye uinue iaae/a?iia, iaaeiiiaeaia, aaee/ia i a oeueiio cia/aiii
oa?iie/a. Oiio aiie ia iiaeooue aooe aei eiioey ia?aeeaaeaii ia
aeene?aoio i «oaa?aco» iiao iiiyoieiinoi, aeiaaath/e aeey naiai
iiaiioeiiiiai inioaaiiy ia aiaeioe/ieo i?ioeaaeo?, a oiai, ui
aecia/a?oueny a yeinoi «?icoiiiiy na?oeai»11 Cieioooeia-Aaieeia A.A. I
niaoeeoeea aunoeo aeooiaiuo oeaiiinoae // Oeein.iaoee-1987.-? 4.- N.
11-18..

No?oeoo?a nenoaie oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi iinoa? ia eeoa ye
aii?yaeeiaaiinoue aeaiaioia, aea i ye i?ioean. Aeaea?aei ciiie oei??
no?oeoo?e ia? ye ciaiioith (aca?iiaeiy c nenoaiith oeiiiinoae
nioeiaeueiiai na?aaeiaeua), oae i aioo?ioith i?e?iaeo (oniaaeeiaaii
caaeaoee, ineoi/ii aeanoeainoi, iioaeaeooaeueii oa iioi yeinoi).
Oeiiiinoi iniaenoinoi iinyoue aeainoi?iiiie oa?aeoa? — aiie i
nioeiaeueii, i iiaeeaiaeoaeueii. ?o nioeiaeueiinoue iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aiie iaoiiaeaii nenoaiith aeoiaaiiy i iaa/aiiy, iaaiith no?oeoo?ith
nioeiaeueieo aiaeiinei, oi?iothoueny, aeoiaey/e c iioa?ania i caaea/
noniieuenoaa, ei?aaothoueny i iai?aaeythoueny iei, ? i?iaeoei?th eiai
aeooiaiiai aeeooy. Iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoue i?iyaey?oueny a ?o caeaaeiinoi
aiae iniaeeainoae iniaenoinoi, ?? aeeoo?aiai aeinaiaeo, niaoeeoiee
iio?aa, iioa?ania, iaeaaeia.

C iaeiiai aieo, oeiiiinii i?i?ioaoei? oi?iothoueny o iai?yieo
«noniieuenoai-ethaeeia», aea ia iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-ineoieiai/iee oii
iniaenoinoi iaeeaaea?oueny iaaia iioi?iaoeiy, a c iioiai — iniaenoinoue
aeoeaii cae?iieth? o nai?o ineoieiai/ieo iaoaiiciao oieueee oa, ui
aieno?oueny a nenoaio ?? iniaenoeo oeiiiinoae, ? aeey ia?
iioeaaoeieii-i?eaaaeeaei. Ciaiioii aca?iiaiaeiineie aeaiaioia, ??
aiaee?eoinoue, iaiii ic ciaiioiii na?aaeiaeuai iieaco?, ui aiia ? ia
canoeaeei, a aacia?a?aii ia?iaeaeoaaiei naioii, nenoaiith, ui
naiii?aaiico?oueny.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei — «Iaoeiiiaeueia a nenoaii oeiiiinieo i?i?ioe?ia
iniaenoinoi» — aeineiaeaeo?oueny nooiinoue iaoeiiiaeueiiai, eiai iinoea
i ?ieue a nenoaii oeiiiinieo i?i?ioe?ia ethaeeie, aiaeicothoueny
?iciiiaiioii oeiieiai? iaoeiiiaeueii? i?i?ioaoei? iniaenoinoi.

Aiaeic aeaii? i?iaeaie ii/eia?oueny c aecia/aiiy i?e?iaee
iaoeiiiaeueiiai. Iaoeiy — ? eiie?aoiei i?iyaii aoii/iiai, eiai iniaeeaei
ooai?aiiyi. Aoiin yaey? niaith aeiaeaeoe/io ?aeiinoue aeaio noi?ii:
i?e?iaeii-aiieiai/ii? oa nioeiaeueii?. A aoii/ieo niieueiioao aiieiai/ia
inio? /a?ac nioeiaeueia i iaaiaee. Ooai?aiiy inoi?e/ieo
iaoeiiiaeueiinoae ia ? nieaoiiiyi yaeu aiieiai/iiai oa?aeoa?o c yaeuaie
oa?aeoa?o nioeiaeueiiai, oea ? ooai?aiiy inoi?e/ii? eiie?aoiinoi,
inoi?e/ii? iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoi c i?e?iaeiiai ?aniaiai oaino. Aoaeo/e ca
nai?i iioiaeaeaiiyi oaiiiaiii aii /enoi nioeiaeueiei, aii aeeeth/ii
aiieiai/iei, aoii/ia i?iyaey?oueny aeanue ia ia?aoiaei, ia iaaei oeeo
oa?aeoa?enoee. I?ioean aoii/ieo aiaeiinei eiai/ii iiaeia oyaeoe, ye
i?ioean caiiuaiiy i?e?iaeieo aeaoa?iiiaoeie ia nioeiaeueii. I yeui
a?oa?/ia noaaeiy ?icaeoeo aoiinia aiaecia/aia aeiiiioaaiiyi
i?e?iaeii-aiieiai/ieo aeaoa?iiiaio iaae nioeiaeueieie, oi ia noaaei?
iaoeiiiaeueiie, ia yeie aiaeaoaa?oueny iioaa?aoeiy aoii/ieo niieueiio a
iaoei?, iiae yeeie ooai?ththoueny iiaeiaoeiiiaeueii ca’ycee, nioeiaeueii
eiiiiiaioe ii/eiathoue aeiiiioaaoe iaae i?e?iaeieie.

Ioaea, iaoeiy ia’?aeio? ethaeae ia ca aeanoeainoth ?o e?iaii?
nii?iaeiaiinoi, ui iana a niai a cia/iie ii?i oaa?i ?o i?e?iaeii?
niieueiinoi, a ye iaaio nioeiieoeueoo?io, inoi?e/io niieueiinoue, yea ia
caiaeeoueny aei /enoi aoii/ieo iniaeeainoae, oi/a /anoioa ca ana
iia’ycaio c iaaiei aoiinii. Iaaea iiae aoiinii i iaoei?th — oea iaaea
iiae oei, ui iio?aao? aiae ia? iaaiiai iniaenoiai coneeey i naiaeiiiai
aeai?o. O oeueiio cia/aiii iaoeiy i?ioenoi?oue e?iaii-?iaeeiiie
iaiaaeaiinoi ethaeae. Iaoeiy — ? oi?ia ia’?aeiaiiy a oiiaao
«a?iiaaeyinueeiai noniieuenoaa». Iaoeiy ia caia?a/o? aoiin, a
ia?aaiaeeoue eiai inioaaiiy ia iiaee uaaaeue, caieueiyth/e iiaeeaiaea
aiae «i?e?iaeii?» i?ea’ycee aei iueiai. Aiaeiiaiaeii, inoi?e/ia
aaiethoeiy aoiia?ii? aoii/ii? naiaeiiinoi caeienith?oueny aiae noaio «ss
— iiaeeaiae» (ye onaiaeiieaiiy nai?? oeieeiaeoi? ?ic/eiaiinoi o nai?e
ii-e?iaiie a?oii, iiaeeiaiinoi iath) /a?ac noai «ss — iniaenoinoue» (ye
onaiaeiieaiiy cia/eiinoi naiai nioeiaeueiiai noaoono caaaeyee
iaeaaeiinoi aei iaaiiai noaiiai-i?ioanieiiai /e iioiai
ei?ii?aoeaii-cao?oiaaiiai aeaiaioo noniieueii? no?oeoo?e, yeee
iia’ycaiee c ?aooith aeaiaioia inoaiiuei?, niaoeeoieith
aeooiaii-eoeueoo?ii? ?aeiinoi e o iaaiiio ?icoiiiii i?ioenoi?oue
aoaeue-yeei aeaiaioai iioeo nioeiaeueieo no?oeoo?, c iioith
aeooiaii-eoeueoo?iith niaoeeoieith) aei noaio «ss —
iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoue» (ye onaiaeiieaiiy naaa, ye ?aaeueii aeciaiiai
aeuiai naino noniieueiiai aoooy, ye noa’?eoo, /ee nioeiaeueiee noaoon
?ic/eiaiee a eiai noa’?eoeaiie naiioeiiiinoi, e naia oiio, ui
?ai?acaioiaaiee oei?th iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoth noeoiiee noa’?eo, iinie
aeooiaii-eoeueoo?ii? niaoeeoiee, nai iinoa? ia?aae eeoeai oni?? aacei/i
iiaeiaieo aei iueiai noa’?eoia ye iaieioua naiioeiiiinoue).

Oaeee caaaeueiieiioeaiooaeueiee iiaeoiae aeiiiiaaa? ?icai?oaiith
eiai/ii aii?yaeeiaaieo oyaeaiue i?i ciino aoii/ii? (iaoeiiiaeueii?)
naiaeiiinoi i naiinaiaeiiinoi. O ?acoeueoaoi aiaeico oeueiai ciinoo
iiaeia aeaeieeoe iaaii oeie aoii/ii? (iaoeiiiaeueii?) i?i?ioaoei?
iniaenoinoi.

O ?iaioi aea?oueny e?eoe/iee aiaeic «eeaniaiai» oa «aiinoa?iiai»
iiaeoiaeia aei oaei? oeiieiai?, eiaeai c yeeo iia’ycaiee c ?iciith
o?aeoiaeith naiiai oaiiiaio ethaeeie i aiaeiiaiaeii ?iciei ?icoiiiiyi
naiiai i?ioeano aoiiaaiaco. Nie?ath/enue ia aa/aiiy ethaeeie, ye oaei?,
ui iioaa?o? a niai aeaiaioe i?e?iaeiiai i noniieueiiai aoooy, o
aeena?oaoei? aeaeieythoueny oaei oeie iaoeiiiaeueii? i?i?ioaoei?
iniaenoinoi ye iaoeiiiaeici, iioa?iaoeiiiaeici, einiiiieioeci,
aoiiia?aiiaeueiee oei. Ia noaaey/e ca iaoo aeaoe /a?aiaa aecia/aiiy
oaeei o?aaeeoeieiei iiiyooyi ye iaoeiiiaeici, iao?iioeci, einiiiieioeci,
iioa?iaoeiiiaeici, aaoi? aeineiaeaeo? i?e?iaeo oeeo oeiia,
?ice?eaathoueny /eiieee, ui aecia/athoue naia oaei oeiiiinii
aoiii?i?ioaoei? iniaenoinoi.

Aeey aiaeico aoii/ieo onoaiiaie iniaenoinoi i?iaeoeoeaiei ? caeo/aiiy
iino?oiaioa?ith ineoieiai?, cie?aia oaeiai iiiyooy ye «?aoa?aioia
a?oia». Iaiaoiaeiinoue o ?aoa?aioiie a?oii aeey iniae caeeaaeaia o
iio?aai ethaeeie ioioiaeithaaoe naaa c iioeie, oaeee
aiioeieii-eiaiioeaiee i?ioean iaonaiaeiiethaaiiai aai onaiaeiiethaaiiai
ioioiaeiaiiy noa’?eoo c iioei noa’?eoii, a?oiith o aio/eciyiie oieinioi?
i ineoieiai? io?eiaa iacao iaeaioeoieaoei?. ?aoa?aioia a?oia ? oi?th
a?oiith iiaeo?eiee, yea aeeiio? ii aiaeiioaiith aei iniae
oeiiiiniii?i?ioiaio i caoenio ooieoeith. ?ieue «?aoa?aioii? a?oie»
aeeiio? iaoeiy. Oea ?iaaiue cia/ii aieueo aeniei?, iiae eeaniai,
niiaeii, i?ioanieii niieueiinoi, caeaoii? eiinieiaeoaaoe i?ioa?ee i
a?oie ?icieo nioeiaeueii-i?ioanieieo, aeaiia?aoi/ieo eaoaai?ie. Oiio
neiae aanoe iiao i?i nai??iaeio i??a?oith a nenoaii nioeiaeueieo
ca’yceia, aea iaoeiiiaeueia iaeaaeiinoue aiaeia?a? (aai iiaea
aiaeia?aaaoe) aeiiiioth/o ?ieue o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee ca/iiathoueny
eeth/iai aeey iaoei? ieoaiiy aeeooy: aeiiiii/ii, iieioe/ii, eoeueoo?ii,
aeaiia?aoi/ii oa iioi.

Iaeii?th c iciae, i?eoaiaiieo iaoei? ye «?aoa?aioiie a?oii», ? ??
eiioaeoiinoue, nai??iaeiee iioeiiee ca’ycie. Oiio a i?ioeani
iaeaioeoieaoei? iniae c iaoei?th ni?aoeueiaothoue iiaenaiaeiii iiioeuene
ianiaiai a?ioecio, ii?iaeaeo?oueny aoiiia?oeeneci ianiai? iae?eoe/ii?
naiaeiiinoi, yeee aeiea?oueny oai?/eie iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoyie, ?o
caeaoiinoth aei e?eoe/iiai onaiaeiieaiiy nai?? aoii/iinoi, yea
aoaeo?oueny ia i?ioenoaaeaiii iayaiiai i iiaeeeaiai o aoooi iaoei?, ??
inoi?i? oa eoeueoo?e. Oaei oeie iaeaioeoieaoei? ii?iaeaeothoue aeaa oeie
iaoeiiiaeicio, aeaa oeie eiai ?icoiiiiy, yei I.I.Aa?aey?a iacaaa
noeoieiei iaoeiiiaeiciii, «i a iecueeeo nai?o aeyaeaiiyo aii iiaea aooe
ciieiai/iei iaoeiiiaeiciii», oa iaoeiiiaeiciii oai?/ei.

Iniaeeaei oeiii aoii/ii? (iaoeiiiaeueii?) i?i?ioaoei? iniaenoinoi ?
aoiiia?aiiaeueiee oei, ui aeieea? o ca’yceo c ?icaeoeii iia?aoeieieo
i?ioeania oa iiooaeii? iioi?iaoeieii? ia?aaei no/aniinoi. Ca oaeeo oiia
iaeaioe/iinoue iaaoaa? aeaui «iaeeane/ieo» i?iyaia, iia’ycaieo ia
oieueee c o?aaeeoeieiei aieiiaaiciii, aea e ianiaeie eoeueoo?ieie
i?i?ioaoeiyie, aea /e ia aecia/aeueio ?ieue aiaeia?athoue iiiyooy oa
oyaeaiiy i?i i?anoeaeiinoue. Ianiaa ethaenueea ineoieiaiy, aeoiaaia a
oiiaao o?aaiiciaaieo aeai?eoiia iiaaaeiiee, iiaeaeth? iaeaea ani aniaeoe
aoooy a ?aeo?ni i?anoeaeieo i?i?ioaoeie, a oiio /enei e aoiieoeueoo?ieo,
aae aei aiaeiiae aiae nai?? iaoeiiiaeueii? i?eiaeaaeiinoi. Oea yaeua
coiiaeaia ia?o ca ana iaioth/ei o no/aniiio naioi naioiaeyaeiei
iaioaeioaoii, yeee caia?a/o? noai?aeeiaoeaici oa i??a?oi/iinoue o
?icoiiiii aoooy i ia?o ca ana o aeania ethaenueeeo eiai aeyaeaiiyo. Oaea
«aeaoeaio?aeicaoeiy», iia’ycaia c oae caaiei iinoiiaea?iinonueeei
naioi?icoiiiiyi, iiaea iaa?iooeny oei, ui caieueiaiiy ?iciiiaiiooy
eoeueoo?ioai?/i? aeoeaiinoi ethaeeie aiae iia’ycaiinoi ?aeeiei ia/aeii
iinoaia aiaeii/an i caieueiaiiyi nee naii?iciaaeo iaoeiiiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e.

Einiiiieioe/iee oei, nai??iaeiinoue yeiai iieyaa? a oiio, ui iio?aaa a
aoii/iie (iaoeiiiaeueiie) iaeaioe/iinoi iiae cieea? acaaaei, iaoiiinoue
iaiioanoo?oueny iioa, iicaaoii/ia niieueiioa, ye iiiceoeiy ia?oie,
i?i?ioo? ia caaaeueiiethaenueei aa?oinoi, aaaaeath/e aoii/iinoue
(iaoeiiiaeueiinoue) iciaeith naioiaeyaeii? i?iaiioeieiinoi. Aooe
einiiiieioii — icia/a? aooe iica oeiiiinieie eii?aeeiaoaie
aoiieoeueoo?e, aeeoe oieueee oiiaa?naeueieie iaeayie i
caaaeueiiethaenueeeie iioa?anaie. O einiiiieioecii oeiiia oa, ui aii
ni?y-iiaaiee aei caaaeueiiai ai?eciioo iaoeiiiaeueiiai naioo, ooea?
oeiiiinoi, yei ia’?aeiothoue naio, aea e aiie caaaeaee iaoeiiiaeueii
aecia/aii, oi/a i ia caaaeaee oeei aeaeieythoueny. Aei einiiiieioecio
ethaeeia iiaea i?eeoe oieueee /a?ac iaoeiiiaeueia aiae?iaeaeaiiy, oiaoi
aiia iiaeiia aiae/ooe iaaei naiai aoiino i ianeii/aiiinoue naioo —
einiiiieino.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei — «Ii?aeiaiiy iaoeiiiaeueiiai i
caaaeueiiethnueeiai o na?oiaeyaei?e i???ioaoe?? ethaeeie» —
aeineiaeaeo?oueny aaiethoeiy niiaaiaeiioaiiy iaoeiiiaeueiiai i
caaaeueiiethaenueeiai, iaa?oioiao?oueny cia/eiinoue aoiaiinoe/ieo canaae
oeueiai niiaaiaeiioaiiy.

O aio/eciyiiio noniieuenoaiciaanoai ?aaeyinueeiai ia?iiaeo
caaaeueii-ethaenueea i iaoeiiiaeueia aiaeicoaaeiny /a?ac i?ecio
eeaniaiai iiaeoiaeo. C oi/ee ci?o oeueiai iiaeoiaeo i
caaaeueii-ethaenueea i iaoeiiiaeueia c iaeiiai aieo io?eiaee oaa?i
«ao?aeoaciiai», c iioiai — aiaeaoaaeiny ?o i?ioenoaaeaiiy ia ?iaii
«i?ieaoa?nueeiai iioa?iaoeiiiaeicio» oa «ao?aeoaciiai iaoeiiiaeicio».

Iaeay eeaniainoi aoea ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia c oiaaiaiinoth a
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei?e nooiinoi i?ieaoa?iaoo. I?ieaoa?nueea ?icoiieiny ye
eiie?aoii-caaaeueiiethaenueea. Noniieueia, eeaniaa nieiaea?iinoue
i?ioenoaaeyeany nieiaea?iinoi iaoeiiiaeueiie. Aea inoi?e/ia i?aaaea
iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?ieaoa?iao ia iaaaaaoi aieueoa iioa?iaoeiiiaeueiee,
iiae ao?aeoaciy, i ui aeey iueiai iaoeiiiaeueia oaeiae ? aeuei ca
eeaniaa.

Aeey oiai, uia c?icoiioe inoeiiee ciino i niiaaiaeiioaiiy iaoeiiiaeicio
oa iioa?iaoeiiiaeicio, ?o o?aaa aeaanoe c eeaniaiai eeioa. Aaeaea
iaoeiiiaeici ae?aaea? ia ui iioa, ye onaiaeiieaiiy Ethaeeiith (ia?iaeii
aoeieiio) nai?? aoii/ii?, eoeueoo?ii?, nioeiaeueii? i o.ae.
naiiaooiinoi, a iioa?iaoeiiiaeici — aeciaiiy i?e?iaeiiai i?aaa
inioaaiiy ?icaeoeo iioeo iaoeiiiaeueieo naiiaooiinoae i naiai
ia’?eoeaiiai aca?iica’yceo c ieie. Ia iiaeia aooe iaoeiiiaeinoii, ia
aeciath/e i?e?iaeiiai i?aaa iioeo iaoeie ia aeaniee iaoeiiiaeici,
aca?iica’ycie nai?? iaoei? c iioeie, ye ia iiaeia noaoe ia?aeiiaiei
iioa?iaoeiiiaeinoii, ia onaiaeiieaoe nai?? iaoeiiiaeueii? naiiaooiinoi.
Oiio iineiaeiaiee iaoeiiiaeici ? iioa?iaoeiiiaeiciii.

O eiioei 80-o ?ieia a neeo ?yaeo ia’?eoeaieo i noa’?eoeaieo i?e/ei
aio/eciyia noniieueia aeoiea ii/eia? caieueiyoeny aiae iaea?
aeiiiioth/i? ?iei eeaniaiai. Caiinoue eiaiee eiio?iioaoei? i?eoiaeeoue
eiaiea niiaoiaa?enoaa i aca?iiii?icoiiiiy. Oaea eiaiea i?eaiaeeoue aei
aeciaiiy i?ii?eoaoo caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oeiiiinoae ye ii?i ?icaeoeo
noniieueiiai aeeooy. Aea caaaeueiiethaenueea, iniaeeai a
nioeiaeueii-iieioe/iie eioa?aoo?i, ?icaeyaea?oueny caeaaieueoiai /a?ac
oeoia/aiiy caaaeueiiai o cia/aiii caei?iaiai aeocaeo, yeee caaaeueia
?icaeyaea? ye iaeiaeiaa, ye oaea, ui iaeaaeeoue aei a?oie ia’?eoia. Iiae
oei, caaaeueia aenooia? o cia/aiii caeiiiii?iiai ca’yceo yaeu, o
cia/aiii caeiio ?o ca’yceo o neeaaei aeayeiai oeieiai, yea
naii?icaeaa?oueny, oni eiiiiiaioe yeiai nii?iaeiaii a neeo oiai, ui aiie
iathoue caaaeueiiai i?aaeea, aeieeee ye ?iciiiaiioii iiaeeoieaoei?
iaeii?? e oi?? ae noanoaioei?.

Oaeith noanoaioei?th-caaaeueiei ? ethaeeia. Caaaeueiiethaenueei
oeiiiinoi aenooiathoue oeie iiia?aoeaaie, ?aaoeyoeaaie, yei iai?aaeaii
ia caa?aaeaiiy aeeooy ethaeeie acaaaei i /a?ac ia? ia caa?aaeaiiy
nioeioio, oiio ui eiaeia eiie?aoia ethaeeia ia? nai? ?aaeueia aoooy o
ethaeeii acaaaei (ethaenoai), a ethaenoai, o naith /a?ao — o eiaeiie
eiie?aoiie ethaeeii. Oeiiiinoue ethaenueeiai aeeooy ? oi?th
iiaeaaeeiith, ia iniiai yei? iiaeeeaee aeiaeia iiae ?iciiiaiioieie
eoeueoo?ieie o?aaeeoeiyie i nenoaiaie oeiiiinoae.

O ca’yceo c oaeei ?icoiiiiyi caaaeueiiethaenueeiai iaiaoiaeii ooi/ieoe
niiaaiaeiioaiiy caaaeueiiethaenueeeo i aoiaiinoe/ieo oeiiiinoae.
Aoiaiinoe/ii oeiiiinoi — oea i ? oeiiiinoi caaaeueiiethaenueei, a
inoaiii ca nai?th noooth aoiaiinoe/ii, oiaoi ethaeyii, ai
caaaeueiicia/oui oeiiiinoi iica ?o ni?yiiaai?noth ia ethaeeio ia
iiaeooue aooe caaaeueiiethaenueeeie. Oiio aiaeicoth/e
caaaeueiiethaenueei canaaee, neiae ?iaeoe iaaiein ia noieueee ia
caaaeueii ethaenueea, neieueee ia caaaeueii ethaenueea.

Caaaeueia — ? oaiiiai niieeoaaiiy, a ia ocaaaeueiaiiy.
Caaaeueiiethaenueea ye ocaaaeueiaiiy i?ioenoi?oue iaoeiiiaeueiiio,
?icaeyaea? inoaiiie ye inoi?e/iee aiao?iiici, ui aaeueio? ia’?eoeaiee
i?ioean iioaa?aoeieiiai ?icaeoeo ethaenoaa. Oaea caaaeueiiethaenueea ?
i?iyaii oioaeioa?iiai ieneaiiy, yeui ?icoiioe iiae oioaeioa?iinoth
iaeiiii?io oeieiniinoue, ni?eeiaiiy eiaeiiai i?iyao aeeooy a eiai
aaciina?aaeiueiio niiaaiaeiioaiii c oeieei, caaaeaiiyi ?iciiiaiioiinoi
aei iaeiiiaiioiinoi.

Oaieoe a caaaeueiiethaenueea, ieiath/e iaoeiiiaeueia, iaiiaeeeai.
Caaaeueii-ethaenueea iica iaoeiiiaeueiei — oea aeaeaea aiae aeieniinoi
aano?aeoeiy, yea ia ia? iniaeeainoae i aiaeiiiiinoae, ionoa, aioo?ioiuei
aiaeia, aacciinoiaia oi?ia. Aea e iaoeiiiaeueia aac
caaaeueiiethaenueeiai, aac iiooeo naiai oeyoo aoiaeaeaiiy o
caaaeueiinaioiaee i?ioean — oea anueiai eeoa aoiia?aoi/ia aecioeea, noia
ia?yaeia, cae/a?a, ?eooaeia, yei iathoue eeoa iinoeaaa, eieaeueia
cia/aiiy.

Iaoeiy, ca’ycoth/e iiaeeaiaea c iioeie iiaeeaiaeaie oeyoii aieueo
oe?iei? nenoaie ii?i, oeiiiinoae i neiaieia, yei iathoue noaaoii/ia
cia/aiiy, ?iaeoue eiai iaeii/anii i aiaee?eoeie uiaei iioeo nenoai,
i?eaiaeeoue aei onaiaeiieaiiy nai?? ia oieueee iaoeiiiaeueii?, aea e
caaaeueiiethaenueei? iaeaaeiinoi. Iini?i caaaeueiiethaenueeiai o eiaeiie
iaoei? noa? oei naiei eiaeiee iiaeeaiae o oie ii?i, a yeie aii
onaiaeiieth? naith naiioeiiiinoue i naiinoieiinoue, naie /enoi
iniaenoiniee ca’ycie ci naioii oa iioeie ethaeueie.

Oaeei /eiii caaaeueiiethaenueea i iaoeiiiaeueia ? i?iaeoeoeaieie i
aeeoo?caeaoieie eeoa o aeiaaeeo caa?iaiinoi aei iniaenoinoi, o ca’yceo
iiae ?? iniaenoei aoooyi i noniieueiei i?ecia/aiiyi. Aieueia, oai?/a
iniaenoinoue ? iniiaith aca?iica’yceo iaoeiiiaeueiiai i
caaaeueiiethaenueeiai.

Oaea ?icoiiiiy iniiae aca?iica’yceo iaoeiiiaeueiiai i
caaaeueiiethaenueeiai iieaco?, ui caeieniaiiy
naioiaeyaeii-iaoiaeieiai/ii? ia?ai?i?ioaoei? no/anii? noniieueii?
naiaeiiinoi iio?aao? ia i?inoi caiiie eeaniaeo i?ii?eoaoia i?ii?eoaoaie
caaaeueiiethaenueeeie /e iaoeiiiaeueieie, a ooaa?aeaeaiiy aoiaiinoe/ieo
oeiiiinoae caaaeueiiethaenueeiai, iaoeiiiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, caeaoieo
caoenoeoe aoaeue-yeo ethaeeio i iaaeaoe aeiiiiiao o iiaeieaiii
inaaaeiaoiaiinoe/ieo iethcie i aioeaoiaiieo i?iyaia o ni?aai
ea?aeeiaeueiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy noniieuenoaa.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei — «Oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii? aecia/aiinoi
iniaenoino?» — aea?oueny aiaeic iniiaieo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaioia
oi?ioaaiiy, ?icaeoeo i ooieoeiiioaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueieo oeiiiinoae
iniaenoinoi.

O i?ioeani iaoeiiiaeueii? iaeaioeoieaoei? iniaenoinoi neiae aiae?iciyoe
ia’?eoeaio i noa’?eoeaio noi?iie, iath/e ia oaaci o ia?oiio aeiaaeeo
eiiieaen ca’yceia, yei ae?aaeathoue ia’?eoeaio nioeiaeueio caeaaeiinoue
iniaenoinoi aiae niieueiioe, a a ae?oaiio — eiiieaen noa’?eoeaii?,
nioeiaeueii-ineoieiai/ii? i?ea’ycee iniaenoinoi aei oiia aeaiiai
iaoeiiiaeueiiai aoooy, aei iniaeeainoae ia?aco aeeooy, eoeueoo?e,
o?aaeeoeie iaoeiiiaeueii? niieueiioe.

Ethaenueea iniaenoinoue, ye neeaaeia, aiaee?eoa nenoaia, aneiieth?
ciaiioii aieeae, ?aaeicoth/e ?o o nai?e aeiyeueiinoi, niiniai ieneaiiy i
niiniai aeeooy, o nai?o ii/oooyo i ia?aaeeaaiiyo. Oiio iaoeiiiaeueia
iioiaeaeaiiy naia ii niai ia ia?aiineoue aaoiiaoe/ii ia iniaenoinoue
nai??iaeiinoi oi?? /e iioi? niieueiioe. Iaoeiiiaeueii iniaeeainoi
iniaenoinoi i?iyaeythoueny o anie no?oeoo?i aeaiaioia ??
nioeiaeueii-ineoieiai/ii? iiaeaei. Aiie ca/iiathoue noa?o ii/oooia,
iioeaia, onoaiiaie, oeiiiinieo i?i?ioaoeie. Nenoaiia iiaiioa iacaaieo
aeaiaioia ia? naith niaoeeoieo a aoii/iiio (iaoeiiiaeueiiio) iaee//i
iniaenoinoi, yea caeaaeeoue aiae aaaaoueio oaeoi?ia ?? oi?ioaaiiy ye
nioeiaeueiiai ia’?eoo. Iiaa eaea i?i aiaeoai?aiiy aoiino a eiai
iiaeeaiaeoaeueiie oi?ii, iath/e ia oaaci ia aiieiai/iee, a
nioeiieoeueoo?iee aniaeo aiaeoai?aiiy aniia noa?aie iinoeoooeieiiai i
iinoiinoeoooeieiiai oa?aeoa?o: nii’?, oeiee, nenoaie inaioe i aeoiaaiiy,
ooieoeiiioaaiiy caniaia ianiai? iioi?iaoei?, ?iai/i? iiae, aea?aeaaieo
onoaiia, iaoee i o.i., yei oi?iothoue ia ?icieo ?iaiyo iniaenoinoue ye
aoii/iee (iaoeiiiaeueiee) oei.

Iaeaaeiinoue aei iaoei?, aei iaoeiiiaeueieo oi?i aeiiiii/iiai,
iieioe/iiai, aeooiaiiai aeeooy, iieiee ia aa?aioiaaia aaoiiaoe/ii, a
neeo e?iai /e caeeaaeaieo aaiia. O oie aea /an iaoeiiiaeueia
iaeaaeiinoue, ae?aaeath/e eiiieaen ia’?eoeaieo caeiiiii?ieo ca’yceia
iniaenoinoi ci niieueiioith, ia iiaea aooe iinoaaeaia o caeaaeiinoue
aiae naaaieueieo ni?yioaaiue ethaeae, ?o aeai?o, niaeo i o.i.

Iiaeia aanoe iiao i?i iaaio naiaiaeo iaoeiiiaeueiiai naiiaecia/aiiy
iniaenoinoi, iiaaaeath/e oei naiei noaa?aiioao i i?aaa iniaenoinoi, ye
noa’?eoa a?iiaaeyinueeiai noniieuenoaa. Aea iaoeiiiaeueia niaoeeoiea
iniaenoinoi, yea i?iyaey?oueny a ?aaeueiie iiaaaeiioei, a oaeiae
naiinaiaeiiinoi iniaenoinoi, o cia/iie ii?i aecia/a?oueny ?aaeueiei
?iaiai niieeoaaiiy. Nie?ath/enue ia aeaii nioeiieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue,
ui iiaeoaa?aeaeothoue caeaaeiinoue iiae ?aaeueiei aaeeaaiiyi o nii’?
?iciiaii? iiae (naiai oa iioiai aoiino) c iaeiiai aieo, i ioeiieith
aoii/ieo iniaeeainoae iiaaaeiiee oa oyaeaiiyie i?i aoiiaeeoa?aioeithth/?
iciaee c iioiai, iniiaa aoiii?ioeano aaa/a?oueny o ?icoe?aiii cii i noa?
oi?iaeueiiai i iaoi?iaeueiiai niieeoaaiiy, yea iiaeiiia? yeinoue i
?iaaiue iiaeiaoeiiiaeueii? eoeueoo?e, iiaooo, iiaaaeiiee, naiaeiiinoi.
Iiaeoa, (yeui ?iaaiue iaoeiiiaeueii? eoeueoo?e aiaeeeiooe o aeeaeie
iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiinoi /e iiaenaiaeiiinoi, a no?oeoo?e «iioeiii?
aoiiineoieiai?» iniaenoinoi) iiaeia io?eiaoe aeaoi?iiaaiee ia?ac
iniaenoinoi c iaiiaiei iaai?ii iaoeiiiaeueieo iciae, ui iaa?oa?oueny
ao?aoith naii? iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiinoi. A a neooaoei? ao?aoe
aoii/ii? naiinaiaeiiinoi, iaaioue i?e caa?aaeaiii aeayeeo aoii/ieo
?aaeie (ciaiiy iiae, iioeo aeaiaioia aoii/ii? eoeueoo?e), iiaeia
aiai?eoe i?i aneiieyoeith iniaenoinoi.

Iaoeiiiaeueia naiaeiiinoue ia? eiaiioeaii oa aiioeieii eiiiiiaioe.
Eiaiioeaia neeaaeiaa iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiinoi ?ai?acaioiaaia
ia?aae onii inoi?e/iith i eoeueoo?iith iai’yooth, ciinoiaiei iaiiaiaiiyi
yei? ? ciaiiy i oyaeaiiy i?i ieioea naiai ia?iaeo, i?i iaaii iiaei?,
iai’yoii aeaoe, i?i iaoeiiiaeueieo aa?i?a, aeiy/ia eoeueoo?e; oieueeei?,
o?aaeeoei?, ia?yaee oa cae/a?. Aiioeieia neeaaeiaa iaoeiiiaeueii?
naiinaiaeiiinoi ?ai?acaioiaaia iaoeiiiaeueieie ii/oooyie, yei
aeoeaicothoue iao?iioe/ii iano?i? ia?iaeo, ni?eythoue oi?ioaaiith
iaoeiiiaeueii? aiaeiinoi. Ia?aaeeaaiiy, ye iaeia ic oi?i iaoeiiiaeueieo
ii/oooia, ? iniiaith iaoeiiiaeueii? aecia/aiinoi naiinaiaeiiinoi, yea
oi?io?oueny /a?ac iaieiaeiiiy ethaeeiith aeinaiaeii ia?aaeeaaiiy, yeee
aeoioeth?oueny a aeooiaiie eoeueoo?i ia?iaeo, i cie?aia, a ienoaoeoai oa
?aeiai?. Aeoiaey/e c oaeiai ?icoiiiiy no?oeoo?e iaoeiiiaeueii?
naiaeiiinoi, o aeena?oaoeieiiio aeineiaeaeaiii aiaeicothoueny oaei ??
iniiaii aeaiaioe ye iiaa, aoii/ii noa?aioeie, inoi?e/ia iai’youe,
ienoaoeoai, ?aeiaiy. Aiie ? aecia/aeueieie o oi?ioaaii? ea?oeie naioo
aoiino, ui ? naioiaeyaeiith aacith niieeoaaiiy i aca?ii?icoiiiiy /eaiia
niieueiioe.

O?aaeeoeieii aeaiaioe iaoeiiiaeueii? eoeueoo?e a oiiaao iioaineaieo
i?ioeania o?aaiicaoei? caciathoue nooo?aeo ciii, aeoiniythoueny ia
ia?eoa?ith noniieueiiai aeeooy. ?acii c oei, ia aiaeiiaeaoe
iaoeiiiaeueii o?aaeeoei? oa cae/a?, ia iaaeaaoe ?i cia/aiiy
nioeiaeueii-aoii/ieo ii?i, yei a ?aaoethaaee noniieueii aiaeiineie,
iaiiaeeeai niiae?aaoeny ia iaoeiiiaeueii-aeooiaia aiae?iaeaeaiiy. O
no/aniiio naioi noai iaoeiiiaeueii? eoeueoo?e ia? noia?a/eeaee oa?aeoa?,
iia’ycaiee c ?? oaiaeaioei?th aei eoeueoo?ii-aeooiaii? oiioieaoei?. Ia
?iaii iniaenoinoi oey noia?a/eeainoue eaaeeoue o ieiueii niiaaiaeiioaiiy
aoii/ieo i iaoeiiiaeueieo ?ieae ethaeeie. O aeena?oaoei? oaea
niiaaiaeiioaiiy aaa/a?oueny o aeiaeaeoeoei nioeiaeicaoei? oa aoiicaoei?
iniaenoinoi, yea iieyaa? a oiio, ui iaia? nioeiaeicaoei? aac aoiicaoei?,
i iaaiaee.

Eoeueoo?a ye cania oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiinoi ? oi?ia
iaeii/aniiai aoooy i niieeoaaiiy ?icieo — ieioeeo, no/anieo i iaeaooiio
eoeueoo?, ye oi?ia ?o aeiaeiao i aca?iii?iieeiaiiy, aaeaea aeeooy
ethaeeie iiaeia ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye aeiyeueiinoue o iiaeoni aeieniiai,
iaa?oioiaaio iai’yooth i?i ieioea oa iaeaaeueii ni?yiiaaio o iaeaooi?.
Oiio iaeaieueo ?aeue?oi? ?ene iaoeiiiaeueii? nai??iaeiinoi iniaenoinoi
aecia/athoueny aeoiaaiie o iie i?i?ioaoei? ia aeiiiioth/ee o aeaiiio
na?aaeiaeui eoeueoo?iee iaeaae. Eoeueoo?iee iaeaae — oea eiiieaen
oyaeaiue, yei aiaeia?aaeathoue iaeaieueo oa?aeoa?ii i caaaeueii
iniaeeainoi aeaiiai niiniao aeeooy i yei «iiaeaeththoue» iaoeiiiaeueio
nai??iaeiinoue /eaiia niieueiioe. O no/aniie iaoeiaie eioa?aoo?i,
ioaeioeenoeoei oaeee iaeaae ia? iacao — iaoeiiiaeueia iaeay. Oi/a neiae
cacia/eoe, ui niaeo? ?icoiiiiy oeueiai iiiyooy (iaoeiiiaeueia iaeay)
aeineoue oe?ieee. Aaoi? aeaeiey? oi aniaeoe, yei aeaoa?i?iothoue
aei?ainoue iaoeiiiaeueii? iaea?, ye iaeaaeo: iaoiiaeththoue ??
caeaoiinoue, ye iniiae iaeaieiai?, ui aeaco? iaoo inioaaiiy, i?ecia/aiiy
iaoei?, aeeiioaaoe ?ieue iioaa?aoi?a noniieuenoaa.

Caeaaieueoiai aeineiaeieee caa?oathoue naith oaaao ia oa?aeoa? ciinoo
iaoeiiiaeueii? iaea?. Aea neea iaeaaeo caeaaeeoue ia oieueee aiae
oa?aeoa?o eiai ciinoo, aea e aiae iiaeeeainoi eiai caeieniaiiy. sseui
iaeaae ianoieueee aiae/oaeaiee aiae inioth/eo iiaeeeainoae, ui ethaeeia,
iaiaaath/enue eiai caeienieoe, ciiao i ciiao iiaa?oa?oueny aei aeoiaeieo
iiceoeie, aacaeocaeinoue aeeooy aiae/oaa?oueny ua aieueo aino?ioa. Oaeei
/eiii, iaeaae iiaeiai oae i?aaiicoaaoe aeeooy ethaeeie, uia, ii-ia?oa,
iinooiiai caeienithth/enue, caiiaiaaoe iaeiinoi?iiiuei-iioai?iiio
?icaeoeo nooiinieo nee ethaeeie, a ii-ae?oaa, ia caieeaoe ia?niaeoeao
oeueiai ?icaeoeo. O ii?ooaiii oeeo aeiia neiae ooeaoe i?e/eie oiai, ui a
iaoie e?a?ii iaoeiiiaeueia iaeay, yea oinii iia’ycaia c iaeayie
aeaiie?aoecaoei?, ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee, aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiino?,
aiae?iaeaeaiiy eoeueoo?e oiui, ia ni?aoeueiao?. Iaeaaee iaoei?,
no?aoaai/ia iaoa oi?iothoueny ia?aaaaeii ca aiaeiai?th c iioeie, aieueo
iaoe?iiaeueii onoaeaieie e?a?iaie, a ia ia iiaenoaai aeeaieiai aiaeico
aioo?ioiio iniaeeainoae aeaniiai inoi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo, i oiio
no?aaeaeathoue aano?aeoiinoth, iaaeoiaiinoth, ia ? aeeoo?caeaoieie. Aea
iaeaieiaiioa — «caaooi» ethaeeia, iniaenoinoue, oi aecenoaioeiaeueii
i?iaeaie inioaaiiy, aac aiaeiiaiaei ia yei iiyea no/ania iaeaieiaiy ia
iiaea ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia oaaao ethaeae.

Oaeei /eiii, ia?aaeoiiaith oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii? aecia/aiinoi
iniaenoinoi ? ae?iaeaiiy iath iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiino?. ?acii c
oei, iniaenoinoue io?eio? iaoeiiiaeueio aecia/aiinoue, eeoa
aeeth/ath/enue o aioo?ioith no?oeoo?o niieueiioe, a?aoiaoth/e
aeiaeaeoeeo aoii/ieo i nioeiaeueieo ?ieae iniaenoinoi, yea ?aaeico?oueny
ca aeiiiiiaith eoeueoo?e acaaaei, iiae, ?aeiai?, ienoaoeoaa, inoi?i?,
iaeaieiai? cie?aia.

AENIIAEE

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c?iaeaii
ieceo aaaeeeaeo aeey i?aeoeee noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo aeniiae?a:

1. Iniaeno?noue ? oi/a ? aaoiiiiiith, naiino?eiith, aea ana ae
/anoeiith noni?euenoaa, ??ciiiai?oieo eiai no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a, ia
iiaea ?nioaaoe iica ieie ia o?eueee o?ce/ii, aea e ineoieia?/ii,
aeooiaii, a?ae/oaa? iio?aao a iaeaaeiino? aei iaaiiai nioe?aeueiiai
oe?eiai. Oe?ii?nia na?aeii?noue aeicaiey? inia? ioioiaeithaaoe naaa c
iaaiith nioe?aeueiith ni?eueiioith, aeeiio? ooieoe?th ??
nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

2. Iaoe?y ye aoiinioe?aeueia ni?eueiioa ? iaea?eueo oi?aa?naeueiith
«?aoa?aioiith a?oiith» aeey iniaenoino?. Iaoe?iiaeueia ye oei
nioe?aeueieo ca’yce?a ia? neioaoe/iee oa?aeoa?, aae?ath/e o nai?
aecia/aiiy eeania?, n?iaei?, i?ioan?ei? oa ?io? ca’ycee ? a?aeiioaiiy.

3. Iaoe?y ? oaeee uaaaeue o ?icaeoeo aoiino, ui i?aeiineoue
iniaeno?noue iaae i?e?iaeiith ? noaiiaith caeaaei?noth, ca?eueooth/e
nooi?iue ?icaeoeo ?? naiaiaee. Oaeee i?ioean iiaeiai aooe
ona?aeiiethaaiei ? oe?eani?yiiaaiei, ui noaiiaeoue ci?no aoiai?caoe??
aoi?/ieo a?aeiinei. Aoiai?ci iieyaa? o oi?ioaaii? a?aeiinei, caniiaaieo
ia a?euei?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? eiaeii? eiie?aoii? ethaeeie.

4. Iaoe?iiaeueia iioiaeaeaiiy naia ii nia? ia ia?aiineoue aaoiiaoe/ii
ia iniaeno?noue nai???aeiino? o??? /e ?ioi? ni?eueiioe. Iniaeno?noue
iano?eueee iaoe?iiaeueii aecia/aia, iane?eueee iaoe?iiaeuei? oaeoi?e
aeeth/ai? o i?ioean nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?.

5. Oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?iiinoae iniaenoino? ? ia ui ?ioa ye
niaoeeo?/iee i?ioean nioe?ae?caoe??. Iaia? nioe?ae?caoe?? aac aoi?caoe??
? iaaiaee.

6. Iniiaith aca?iica’yceo iaoe?iiaeueiiai e caaaeueiiethaenueeiai ?
oai?/a iniaeno?noue. Iin??i caaaeueiiethaenueeiai o eiaei?e iaoe?? noa?
eiaeiee ?iaeea?ae o o?e i???, a ye?e a?i ona?aeiieth? naith
naiioe?ii?noue ? naiino?ei?noue, na?e /enoi iniaenoee ca’ycie c? na?oii
oa ?ioeie ethaeueie.

7. Iaoe?iiaeueia eoeueoo?a oa ?? aeaiaioe o?eueee oiae? noathoue
ae?eiaeie /eiieeaie oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai aoooy iniaenoino?, eiee
a?aeiia?aeathoue iniaenoei aeooiaiei i?aaiaiiyi ethaeae, ?o oai?/ei
?ioaioe?yi, ye? iia’ycai? c ?aaeueieie oiiaaie noni?eueii-?noi?e/iiai
aeeooy.

8. Cae?eniaiiy na?oiaeyaeii-iaoiaeieia?/ii? ia?ai???ioaoe?? no/anii?
noni?eueii? na?aeiiino? iio?aao? ia i?inoi cai?ie eeaniaeo i??i?eoao?a
i??i?eoaoieie caaaeueiiethaenueeeie, /e iaoe?iiaeueieie, a ooaa?aeaeaiiy
aoiai?noe/ieo oe?iiinoae caaaeueiiethaenueeiai, iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o, caeaoieo caoenoeoe aoaeue-yeo ethaeeio ? iaaeaoe aeiiiiiao o
iiaeieaii? inaaaeiaoiai?noe/ieo ?ethc?e ? aioeaoiaiieo i?iya?a o ni?aa?
ea?aeeiaeueiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy noni?euenoaa.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Iniiaiee ciino aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo ioaeieaoeiyo:

1. Ei?i??iei I.I. Niiaaiaeiioaiiy iaoeiiiaeueiiai i
caaaeueiiethaenueeiai, aiae i?ioenoaaeaiiy aei eiinainono, iioeiaeueiiai
aaeaino. //Ainiee Ee?anueeiai oiiaa?neoaoo. Na?iy “Oieinioiy i
iieioieiaiy”. — 1997. — ?27. — n.32-34.

2. Ei?i??iei I.I. Ethaeeia o eaoooieao iaoeiiiaeueiiai i
caaaeueiiethaenueeiai. //Iieeoeei-i?aaiaay noa?a iauanoaa: ?aaeueiinoue
e oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey. – E.: “A?iie”. – 1997 – n.81-86.

3. Kornijenko A., Zujev V. Subject basis of commonhuman values and
nowadays. //Lasers in technological systems. International Eurasian
academy of sciences — S.Petersburg. — Vol.?3. — 1996. — p.3-5.

4. Ei?i??iei I.I. I?aaeiaoia iniiaa caaaeueiiethaenueeiai i
no/aniinoue. //III i iaeaooii iieieiiiy (iaoa?iaee Iiaeia?iaeiiai
neiiicioio, i?enay/aiiai 50-?i//th III). — E.: “Eiain”, 1996. —
n.130-132.

5. Ei?ieaiei A.I. Iaua/aeiaa/aneea oeaiiinoe e nia?aiaiiinoue.
//Iaoa?eaeu aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.-i?aeo. eiio.
“Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea e iieeoe/aneea i?ioeannu iauanoaa a
ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae”. — Noiu. — 1995. — n.21-25.

6. Ei?ieaiei A.I. I?ei?eoao iaua/aeiaa/aneiai a nenoaia oeaiiinoiuo
i?eaioe?ia iauanoaa //Oacenu aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.-i?aeo. eiio.
“Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu ia?aoiaea e iauanoao niaoaiiie
yeiiiieee”. — Noiu. — 1992. — n.30-31.

AIIOAOe??

Ei?ii?iei I.I. Iaoeiiiaeuei? oeiiiino? iniaenoinoi: nooiinoue oa
iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oieinionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 09.00.03 — nioeiaeueia oieinioiy oa oieinioiy
inoi?i?. – Ee?anueeee oiiaa?neoao iiaii Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoeith i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii?
aecia/aiinoi iniaenoinoi. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?aaeoiiaith iaoeiiiaeueii?
naiiaecia/aiinoi iniaenoinoi ? ae?iaeaiiy iath iaoeiiiaeueii?
naiinaiaeiiino?. ?acii c oei, iniaenoinoue io?eio? iaoeiiiaeueio
aecia/aiinoue, eeoa aeeth/ath/enue o aioo?ioith no?oeoo?o niieueiioe,
a?aoiaoth/e aeiaeaeoeeo aoii/ieo i nioeiaeueieo ?ieae iniaenoinoi, yea
?aaeico?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith eoeueoo?e acaaaei, iiae, ?aeiai?,
ienoaoeoaa, inoi?i?, iaeaieiai? cie?aia.

Eeth/iai neiaa: nenoaia oeiiiinoae iniaenoinoi, iaoeiy,
iaeaioeoieaoeiy, aoiioei iniaenoinoi, iaoeiiiaeueia naiinaiaeiiinoue,
iaoeiiiaeueia eoeueoo?a.

Ei?ieaiei A.I. Iaoeeiiaeueiua oeaiiinoe ee/iinoe.: nouiinoue e
iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.03 — nioeeaeueiay oeeinioey e oeeinioey
enoi?ee. — Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oi?ie?iaaiey iaoeeiiaeueiie
ii?aaeaeaiiinoe ee/iinoe. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oneiaeai iaoeeiiaeueiie
naiiii?aaeaeaiiinoe ee/iinoe yaeyaony iaeaaeaiea ath iaoeeiiaeueiui
naiiniciaieai. Aianoa n oai, ee/iinoue iieo/aao ii?aaeaeaiiinoue oieueei
aeeth/ayynue ai aioo?aiithth no?oeoo?o iauiinoe, o/eouaay aeeaeaeoeeo
yoie/aneeo e nioeeaeueiuo ?ieae ee/iinoe, eioi?ay ?aaeecoaony n
iiiiuueth eoeueoo?u aiiaua, ycuea, ?aeeaee, eneonnoaa, enoi?ee,
eaeaieiaee a /anoiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nenoaia oeaiiinoae ee/iinoe, iaoeey, eaeaioeoeeaoeey,
aoiioei ee/iinoe, iaoeeiiaeueiia naiiniciaiea, iaoeeiiaeueiay eoeueoo?a.

Kornijenko O.M. National values of Personality: essence and
peculiarities of formation. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree on speciality 09.00.03 — social
philosophy and philosophy of history – Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National
University, Kyiv, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the questions of national determination
of Personality. It is established that the prerequisite of determination
of Personality is its mastering the national self-consciousness. In
addition to this Personality receives national determination only in the
case of being connected with the inner structure of community, taking
into account the dialectics of the ethnic and social parts of
Personality. It makes possible to be realised with the help of culture
in general, language, religion, arts, history in part.

Key words: system of Personality values, nation, identification,
ethnotype, national self-consciousness, national culture.

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