Методологія інформаційного забезпечення вантажних та пасажирських перевезень на основі автоматизації процесів розпізнавання рухомих об’єктів залізничн

OA?E?ANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss CAE?CIE*IIAI O?AINII?OO

aaaa?a Ieoaeei Ieoaeeiae/

Iaoiaeieia?y ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy

aaioaaeieo oa ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia iniia? aaoiiaoecaoe??
i?ioean?a ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo

05.22.08 — Aenieoaoaoe?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo I?i?noa?noaa o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Niaie?a TH??e
Aieiaeeie?iae/, ?aeoi? Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oao?o ?aaai Ie?iiiae/,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “Aeaeo?iii? ia/enethaaeuei? iaoeie”;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?a??e A?eoi? sseiae/, A?ei?onueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao o?ainii?oo, i?ioani? eaoaae?e “Noaioe??, aocee
oa aaioaaeia ?iaioa”, ia?oee i?i?aeoi?;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naaei Aaaeei Iaioaeaeiae/, Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “I?eeaaee oa
iaoiaee ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth”.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y – No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a o?ainii?oieo oaoiieia?e, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.
Eoaainuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 14.10 aiaeei? a aoae.
1.417 ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae64.820.04 a Oa?e?anuee?e
aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ca aae?anith: 310050, i.
Oa?e?a, ie. Oae??aaoa, 7.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 19 aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee
Caia?a A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iaeaaaeeea?oith
caaea/ath caa?aaeaiiy ? iineeaiiy iiceoe?e cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo
Oe?a?ie ia aioo??oiueiio ? i?aeia?iaeiiio o?ainii?oieo ?eieao ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no/anieo oaoi?/ieo cania?a aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a ? iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ui caaacia/othoue noai?aiiy
i???ioiaaieo ia niiaeeaa/a aio/eeo ? aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy ii?ciith ?iaioith. Aeey i?aai?caoe?? ia?niaeoeaieo oi?i
o?ainii?oiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?ioeano ia?aaacaiue a oeae /an aaea
iaaeinoaoiuei a?aeiiinoae, ui io?eiothoueny a?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai, ye? ooieoe?iiothoue ia aac? iiaeaethaaiiy
ia?ai?uaiue ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, ine?eueee ?nioth/? iaoiaee ?a?no?aoe??
aeaieo aeiioneathoue cia/ia a?aenoaaaiiy a?ae ?aaeueiiai i?ioeano ? ia
aeeeth/athoue iiieeie. Iniiaiei e?eoa???i ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ? aeio?eiaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano ooieoe?iioaaiiy ie?aieo i?ae?icae?e?a ? cae?cieoe? caaaeii.
Oaeoe/i? ae iiaeae? ii?cii? ? aaioaaeii? ?iaioe a aei?iaei?o oeaio?ao
iia?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy ia?aaacaiiyie ia a iiai?e i??? a?aeia?aaeathoue
iioi/iee noai noaioe?e, aoce?a, ae?eueieoeue c i?e/ei iaa/aniiai
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy, iiieeeiaino? aai a?aenooiino? aeaieo. Oiio ae?th/?
nenoaie ia aieeaathoue iaeaaeiei /eiii ia i?aea?? ?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-oaoiieia?/i? aca?iiae?? c aaoiiaoeciaaieie ?iai/eie
i?noeyie iiaeeeaeo ee??io?a cae?cieoeue, aeeiiaiiy aeiaia??ieo
ia?aaacaiue, iie?ioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy ?ooiiiai neeaaeo iaoe?iiaeueiiai
ia?eo ? ia?eo ?ioeo aea?aeaa — e?a?i NIAe, iniaeeai ii eiai
aeeneieaoe??, aiae?co no?oeoo?e, oaoi?/iiai ? eiia?oe?eiiai noaio.
I?aeaeueoe ye?noue iia?aeiieaiue, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue, iiaeia oeyoii
?icai?oaiiy eieaeueieo i?eno?i?a aaoiiaoe/ii? ?a?no?aoe?? ?ooiieo
neeaae?a on?o oei?a ? eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?iaeaieo aeaieo a oeaio?ao
eiiieaeniiai o?ainii?oiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy ia?aaacaiiyie.
Oiio iniiaiei i?eioeeiii iiaoaeiae iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e noa?
aaoiiaoecaoe?y i?ioeano cai?o iia?aeiieaiue i?i eiaeio iaeeieoeth
?ooiiiai neeaaeo.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo oiia oaeineiiaeaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai oi?aae?iiy cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ? io?eiaiiy
aeinoia??ieo aeaieo a?ae eie?eieo ia’?eo?a i?i ia?aiao?e ?ooo ii?cae?a,
iiia?e neeaae?a, e?euee?noue ? oei aaaii?a, iayai?noue ia?aa??oeo aoen
oa ?i. O no/anieo nenoaiao oi?aae?iiy oaea ?ioi?iaoe?y oi?io?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith i?aenenoai ieaeiueiai ??aiy, ui aeeth/athoue a naaa i?eno?i?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? neeaae?a ? aaaii?a, e?/eeueieee inae, aeene?aoi? ?
aacia?a?ai? eie?ei? ia?aoai?thaa/?. O oeae /an c’yaey?oueny aeineoue
aaaaoi iia?aeiieaiue i?i ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii? aenieoaoaoe?? ??cieo ca
no?oeoo?ith iiaoaeiae ? ooieoe?iiaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie i?eno?i?a
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, ye? a o?e aai
?io?e i??? ae??oothoue caaaeaiiy, iinoaaeai? ia?aae ieie. Iaeiae i?e
ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiaeo i?aenenoai ANO ia iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe, ui /a?ac
Oe?a?io i?ioiaeyoue o?aiceoi? o?ainii?oi? iioiee. Oea iaeeaaea? na?eici?
iaiaaeaiiy ia aeei?enoaiiy eieaeueieo i?eno?i?a, ui aeiaaathoue a
i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? ia?aiaeaaeiaiiy aaaii?a c onoaiiaeith ia ieo
aeoeaieo aai ianeaieo eiaeiiin??a. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo a?eueo
ia?niaeoeaiei ? noai?aiiy ia’?aeiaieo a ?aeeio ia?aaeo oeaio??a nenoai
oi?aae?iiy cae?cie/iei o?ainii?oii, ianeoaiaoth/eo aanue ?ooiiee neeaae,
ui ciaoiaeeoueny a ?aa?ii?, aac eiai aeiaeaoeiaiai ia?aiaeaaeiaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e
ia?aaea/? aeaieo ?ooiieie ia’?eoaie cae?cieoeue, i?eeiyooy iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue, ye? noai?ai? ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo
?ic?iaie aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeicaiey? eaae?o?eoaaoe ?? ye
aeooaeueio, ni?yiiaaio ia ?ica’ycaiiy aaaeeeai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy aaioaaeieo oa
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeaeo?ioaoi?ee Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo a ia??iae c 1986 ii 1999 ??.
a?aeiia?aeii aei ieai?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o aeaaeai??, ui
i?iaiaeyoueny a ?aieao aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai I?i?noa?noaa oeyo?a niieo/aiiy
eieeoiueiai N?N?, OeOAO ION N?N?, EA OeO ION N?N? c oai: «?ac?aaioea e
enneaaeiaaiea ono?ienoa caiene, n/eouaaiey, noe?aiey e ia?aaioee
eioi?iaoeee n iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa» (?A?01860026073; 1986 ?., 163n.);
«Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia n/eouaaiey eiaaioa?iuo iiia?ia aaaiiia n
eniieueciaaieai oa??iiaaieoiuo naienoa aaiaeaaeae eieaniuo ia?»
(?A?01870024031; 1987 ?., 166n.); «Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia n/eouaaiey
iiia?ia iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa n eniieueciaaieai oa??iiaaieoiuo naienoa
aaiaeaaeae eieaniuo ia?» (?A?01880008653; 1988 ?., 92n.); aei ieai?a
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Oeaio?aeueiiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo
eiiieaenii? aaoiiaoecaoe?? (OeIAe?EA, Iineaa): «?ac?aaioea e
enneaaeiaaiea aiia?aoo?u caiene e n/eouaaiey iiia?ia aaaiiia»
(?A?01860026072; 1986-1987 ??., 37 n.); aei ieai?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o Oa?e?anueeiai iao?iiie?oaio: « ?ac?aaioea ono?ienoaa
eaeaioeoeeaoeee iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa iao?iiieeoaia» (?A?01900040275;
1990 ?., 49n.); aei ieaio i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
I?i?noa?noaa o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie: «?ic?iaea nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aaaii?a noiniaii aei aaaiiiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie»
(iaeac ? 369 a?ae 23.10.95; ?A?0196U010126; 1996 — 1998 ??., 37n.).

Iaoith ?iaioe ? aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeieia?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
i?ioeano aaioaaeieo ? ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia iniia? eiiieaenii?
aaoiiaoecaoe?? iaoiae?a ? cania?a ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a
cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii i?iaanoe oae? iniiai?
iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

?ic?iaeoe iniiae iiaoaeiae oai??? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aenieoaoaoe??
o?ainii?oieo cania?a ia iniia? aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioeano ?ici?ciaaaiiy
ia?ac?a ia’?eo?a, ui ?aeaioeo?eothoueny.

?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo caaea/ eiiieaenii?
aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o?ainii?oieo cania?a.

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee iiaoaeiae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai ia iniia? iiaeo
oaoiieia?e ia?aaea/? aeaieo ?ooiieie neeaaeaie cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? i?eeiio ? ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a,
ye? iaaeoiaeyoue a?ae ia’?eo?a, ui eiio?ieththoueny.

?aae?coaaoe cai?iiiiiaaio iaoiaeieia?th iiaoaeiae nenoai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy ia?aa?ciiai i?ioeano o aeaeyae? aoaeoeaieo aaoiiaoeciaaieo
i?aenenoai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? a iiaeaeueoiio
?icaeoeo oai?aoe/ieo iniia oaeineiiaeaiiy aenieoaoaoe?? cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo ia iniia? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a, caniiaaieo ia iiaeo
oaoiieia?yo ia?aaea/? aeaieo ?ooiieie neeaaeaie, a naia:

oia?oa ?ic?iaeaia caaaeueia iaoiaeieia?y iiaoaeiae nenoai ?ici?ciaaaiiy
? iaai?oiiai ia?eoaaiiy cae?cie/ieo o?ainii?oieo cania?a, ui
i???ioo?oueny ia iacaieiai? o?ainii?oi? iioiee;

oia?oa iinoaaeaia caaea/a, cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie ?iaioe ? neioaciaai?
i?eno?i?, ye? oi?iothoue ia?ac eiio?ieueiaaiiai ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, ui
aeicaiey? a?aenoaaeoaaoe eiai ia iie?aiiao cae?cieoeue ? o?ainii?oieo
ei?eaei?ao;

oia?oa aeey nenoai oi?aae?iiy ?ooiieie neeaaeaie cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo
neioaciaai? aeai?eoie ?iaioe ? ?aae?ciaai? aaeaioeai? eie?ei? i?eno?i?
c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a;

oia?oa ?ic?iaeai? ia?aoeiaeicaoeni? aeai?eoie ia?iaee aeo?aeieo neaiae?a
aeene?aoieo eie?eieo aeao/ee?a ? neioaciaaii iioeiaeueiee ca e?eoa???i
iaeneioio aiinoa??i?ii? ?iia??iino? aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee oa
aeeneieaoe?? o?ainii?oieo cania?a;

c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aeinoia??iino? aecia/aiiy aeeneieaoe?? ia’?eo?a, ui
eiio?ieththoueny, oia?oa iinoaaeaia caaea/a ? aeeiiaia ioe?iea
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe ia?aoeiaeicaoenieo i?eeia/?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a
eie?eieo aeao/ee?a ca e?eoa???i na?aaeiuei? ?iia??iino? iiieeee
ia/eneaiue, aeey /iai aeaaaeai? a?aeiia?aei? ?ic?aooieia?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy;

— oia?oa aeey nenoai ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo neioaciaai? noaiioeiaeuei? aeai?eoie ?ici?ciaaaiiy
eiio?ieueiaaieo ia’?eo?a ? ?aae?ciaai? noaiioeiaeuei? ?ici?ciaaa/?, ui
cae?eniththoue eiiieaenoaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a ye ii aoiaeao, oae
? ii aeoiaeao;

oia?oa aeey an?o neioaciaaieo noaiioeiaeueieo i?eno?i?a ?ici?ciaaaiiy
eiio?ieueiaaieo ia’?eo?a io?eiai? iaoaiaoe/i? ae?ace, ui aecia/athoue
iieacieee yeino? aeyaeaiiy. I?e oeueiio aeeiiaia ii??aiyiiy oeeo
iieaciee?a c aiaeia?/ieie iieacieeaie aeey iioeiaeueiiai aeyaey/a
neaiaeo c iiai?noth a?aeiieie ia?aiao?aie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1. ?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeei?enoai? i?e noai?aii? i?aenenoai aecia/aiiy aeeneieaoe?? ?ooiieo
iaeeieoeue ia iniia? aaeaioeaieo aei??thaaeueieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ui
c/eoothoue ?ioi?iaoe?ei? neaiaee c eie?nieo ia? ?ooiiiai neeaaeo.
Eiino?oeoe?y ? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeicaieythoue
anoaiiaethaaoe ?o a i?noeyo, iaaeinooiieo aeey iaoai?/iiai
iioeiaeaeaiiy.

2. ?acoeueoaoe iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ? o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa?aeoa?o
?iciiae?eo caeeoeiaeo iaai?oieo iie?a eie?nieo ia? a?ce?a aeei?enoai?
i?e aeaioiaeaii? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaiaai?/oaa/?a eie?nieo ia? aaaii?a.

3. Neioaciaai? ia?aoeiaeicaoeni? aeai?eoie ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
neaiae?a aeei?enoai? a i?ioean? ?ic?iaee aei??thaaeueieo i?eeia/?a
nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a eiio?ieueiaaieo ia’?eo?a.

4. Aei?iaoaaiiy nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy cae?cie/ieo aeaeo?iii?cae?a ia
Oa?e?anueeiio iao?iiie?oai? iieacaee i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue
canoinoaaiiy ?? aeey ae?aaiinoeee iaae?eiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oyaiaeo
aeaeaoi?a aeaeo?iii?cae?a.

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e
ai?iaaaeaeaii? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aaaii?a ia
Naeo?anuee?e e?i?? Oa?e?anueeiai iao?iiie?oaio (aeo i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
a?ae 09 aeiaoiy 1997 ?.). ?ic?aooieiaee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie a ia??iae c 1997 ii 2010 ??. noaiiaeoue 4769 oen.
a?i. o oe?iao 1997 ?. Iaeiaa o/anoue aaoi?a o ai?iaaaeaeaii? noaiiaeoue
30% — 1430 oen. a?i.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. An? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, io?eiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. O ?iaioao,
iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue:

a ?iaio? [1] — ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a; a ?iaio?
[2] — iaoiaeieia?y iiaoaeiae nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ooiiiai neeaaeo; a
?iaio? [6] — i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae iaai?oiiiaeoeyoe?eieo aeao/ee?a nenoaie
c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??; a ?iaio? [8] — aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
aeanoaa?e?coth/eo /eiiee?a, ui noai?ththoueny iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai,
ia iaai?oiee noai iin?y ?ioi?iaoe??; a ?iaio? [9] — oai?aoe/i? iniiae
aecia/aiiy iiieeee ia/eneaiiy aeaiaeao/eeiaei i?eno?i?i; a ?iaio? [10] —
?ic?iaea aeai?eoi?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?ooiieo neeaae?a; a ?iaio? [12] —
oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aieeao i???ioaoe?? ? iai?yio ?ooo aaaiia ia
aeinoia??i?noue ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??; a ?iaio? [13] — aiae?c
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iciae noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano ?ici?ciaaaiiy
aaaii?a; a ?iaio? [16] — iinoaiiaea ? oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ??oaiiy
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue; a ?iaio? [18] — ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio ?iaioe
i?eno?ith ?ici?ciaaaiiy cae?cie/ieo o?ainii?oieo ia’?eo?a; a ?iaio? [19]
— ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio ?iaioe i?eno?ith caieno ?ioi?iaoe?? ia ?ooiiee
neeaae; a ?iaio? [20] — oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eioeeio ?iaioe
i?eno?ith aaceiioaeoiiai c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c iaai?oieo iin??a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iaoa??aee ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ? io?eiaee noaaeaiiy:

ia ananithci?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaiu iiauoaiey
iaaeaaeiinoe e aaciianiinoe oaoie/aneeo ono?ienoa aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai
o?ainii?oa» (Iineaa, 1988 ?.);

ia ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ia?niaeoeau
?acaeoey yeaeo?iiaoeiino?iaiey ia Oe?aeia» (i. Oa?e?a, 1988 ?.);

ia ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?e?ii?ioeani?i? nenoaie ca’yceo ?
oi?aae?iiy ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?» (i. Aeoooa, 1991 ?.);

ia ?anioae?eainuee?e oeie?-nai?ia?? «I?e?ii?ioeani?i? nenoaie ca’yceo ?
oi?aae?iiy ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?» (i. Aeoooa, 1992 ?.);

ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo
cania?a iao?iiie?oai?a» (i. Oa?e?a, 1995 ?.);

ia 9-e i?aeia?iaei?e oeie?-nai?ia?? «Ia?niaeoeai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia
cae?cie/iiio, i?iieneiaiio ? i?nueeiio o?ainii?o?» (i. Aeoooa, 1996 ?.);

ia 10-e i?aeia?iaei?e oeie?-nai?ia?? «Ia?niaeoeai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia
cae?cie/iiio, i?iieneiaiio oa i?nueeiio o?ainii?o?» (i. Aeoooa, 1997
?.);

ia 12-e i?aeia?iaei?e oeie?-nai?ia?? «Ia?niaeoeai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia
cae?cie/iiio, i?iieneiaiio oa i?nueeiio o?ainii?o?» (i. Aeoooa, 1999
?.);

ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ? oao?aoe?a I?aaeaiii? cae?cieoe? (i.
Oa?e?a, 1986-1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaiee a 20 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao. C ieo: 17 noaoae, iaeia aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai ia aeiao?ae ?
aeaa iaoaioe Oe?a?ie. Aeiaeaoeiai iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? o
7 noaooyo, 26 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaao ia aeiaoiaee, iaeiiio iaoaio?
Oe?a?ie ? aeaio iaoaioao ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?ia?o. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a, aeeeaaeaieo ia 267 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, aeeth/a? 48 ?enoie?a, 25 oaaeeoeue, nienie e?oa?aoo?e c
186 iaca ia 19 noi??ieao ? 11 aeiaeaoe?a ia 15 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, iieacaii ??
ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? ieaiaie i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.
Oi?ioeth?oueny iaoa, caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoeiaa iiaecia ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeae?eythoueny iniiai?
iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno. Iaaiaeyoueny a?aeiiino? i?i no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoe??, ioae?eaoe??,
ai?iaaoe?? ?ia?o ? iniaenoee aianie i?aoaiaeaioa a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo,
iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ? cania?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy aaioaaeieo ?
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia Oe?a?i?, a e?a?iao aeeaeiueiai
ca?oa?aeaey, Cao?aei?e ?a?ii?, NOA, ssiii??, Eaiaae? oa ?i.
Cacia/a?oueny, ui o ca’yceo c ia?aoiaeii aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei iniaeeai aino?i iinoa? i?iaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?
aeinooiiino? o?ainii?oieo iineoa, ui iaaeathoueny cae?cieoeyie.
I?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ianeoaiaoaaiiy ianaaee??a, aaioaaeiaeaniee?a,
aaioaaeia?aei?aaiee?a ? aaioaaeiiaea?aeoaa/?a i?e iaeii/aniiio cieaeaii?
o?ainii?oieo aeo?ao iiaeia oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e a i?ioean aeeniao/a?nueeiai oi?aae?iiy aaioaaeieie ?
ianaaee?nueeeie ia?aaacaiiyie.

Aiae?oe/iee iaeyae ?ia?o, aeeiiaieo a oe?e aaeoc?, iieaco?, ui
a?aeiia?aeii aei i?eeiyoeo o na?oia?e i?aeoeoe? noaiaea?o?a no?oeoo?a
no/anieo aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai oi?aae?iiy cae?cie/iei o?ainii?oii
aoaeo?oueny ca aaaaoi??aiaaei ???a?o?/iei i?eioeeiii c aeae?eaiiyi oaeeo
iniiaieo ??ai?a:

aeeniao/a?nueeiai oeaio?a oi?aae?iiy (AeOe);

noaioe?e.

Ia ??ai? oeaio?a oi?aae?iiy ?ici?uo?oueny ioieo oi?aae?iiy. Ia ??ai?
noaioe?e — eiio?ieueiaai? ioieoe. Ia’?eoaie oi?aae?iiy ? eiio?ieth ia
iie?aii? cae?cieoe? ? ii?caee, aaaiie, eieiiioeae, nenoaie cae?cie/ii?
aaoiiaoeee ? oaeaiaoai?ee.

O AeOe iiaeia ?ic??ciyoe o?noue iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?aenenoai:

ae?aeiaiao;

oi?aae?iiy ? eiio?ieth noaio ia’?eo?a nenoai cae?cie/ii? aaoiiaoeee ?
oaeaiaoai?ee;

iiaeaethaaiiy, i?iaiico ? a?aeia?aaeaiiy oiaeo oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
(aeeth/a? a?ao?e ?ooo, ii?cio, aaaiiio ? eieiiioeaio iiaeae?);

ii?iaoeaii-aeia?aeeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??;

naiieiio?ieth ? ae?aaiinoeee nenoaie ? i?aeeiaiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy;

i?ioieiethaaiiy ?iaioe nenoaie.

Ae?aeiaiaa i?aenenoaia iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
? aca?iiae?th iia?aoeaiiai ia?niiaeo c AeOe aeaii? ae?eueieoe?, c AeOe
non?aei?o iie?aii?a oi?aae?iiy (aeeniao/a?nueeeo ae?eueieoeue, aoce?a ?
aaeeeeo ni?ooaaeueieo, ae?eueie/eo ? ianaaee?nueeeo noaioe?e), c ?ioeie
?ioi?iaoe?eii-ea?oth/eie nenoaiaie (nenoaiith aeaea/? iiia?aaeaeaiue i?i
iaiaaeaiiy oaeaeeino?, nenoaiaie oaeaiaoai?ee, aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy oa
?i.), a oaeiae ca’ycie c aeuanoiy/eie ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ia/enethaaeueieie
nenoaiaie cae?cieoe?.

I?aenenoaia iiaeaethaaiiy, i?iaiico ? a?aeia?aaeaiiy oiaeo
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia iie?aii? iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe ia?ai?uaiiy
iiia?a ii?caea ia ae?ai? iii?oi?a, iaaeaaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i i?aeoiaee
? anooi ii?cae?a o ciio iie?aiia oi?aae?iiy, i?i aeeneieaoe?? ii?cae?a,
eieiiioea?a ? aaaii?a ia iie?aii?, aioiai?noue ? ?aca?a /ano
eieiiioeaieo a?eaaae, aeeiiaiee a?ao?e ?ooo ii?cae?a. ?acoeueoaoe
iiaeaethaaiiy ? iniiaith aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy i?iaiiciiai a?ao?ea ?
nai?/aniiai ?ioi?ioaaiiy iia?aoeaiiai ia?niiaeo i?i iaeaooi?
oaoiieia?/i? iia?aoe??.

I?aenenoaia ii?iaoeaii-aeia?aeeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? iiaeiia i?noeoe aeai?
aeaio aeae?a: iino?ei? oa oiiaii-iino?ei?. Aei ia?oeo iaeaaeaoue
oa?aeoa?enoeee iie?aiia: i?io?eue ae?eueieoe?, oeyoe i?iioneo ? coieiee
ii?cae?a c iaaacia/ieie aaioaaeaie eeano 1 ? iaaaaa?eoieie ia noaioe?yo,
aeiaaeeia i?eeiaeueii-a?aei?aaieo eie?e a oiiaieo aaaiiao ? o.?i.
Oiiaii-iino?eiith ? ?ioi?iaoe?y, yea caeeoa?oueny iino?eiith i?ioyaii
o?eaaeiai /ano, iai?eeeaae, iaiaaeaiiy oaeaeeino? ia ae?eueieoe?,
«a?eia» aeey aeeiiaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ieo ? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o, iaoo?iee eeno
neeaaeo, i?noey aeoiaeo ?aiiioieo a?eaaae.

I?aenenoaia ae?aaiinoeee iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe i?aeo?eieo ia?aiao??a
iaae?eiino? ? aeinoia??iino? AeOe ia caaeaiiio ??ai? ? oaeaeiio?ieue
noaio i?eno?i?a NOeA.

I?aenenoaia i?ioieiethaaiiy ?iaioe nenoaie iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe
o?enaoe?th ea?oth/eo aieea?a ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo ? ii?cii?
ianoaiiaee, cai?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ?acoeueoao?a ?aaeaiaioieo ia?aa??ie ?
ae?aaiinooaaiiy i?ney a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

Aecia/aeueiith oiiaith aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe aoaeue-yei? aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae?
oi?aae?iiy o?ainii?oieie iioieaie (ii?cii?, eieiiioeaii?, aaaiiii? ?
?i.) ? iia?aoeaia io?eiaiiy a ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
ci?io iioi/iiai oa?aeoa?o a?aeiia?aeiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Oaeo
?ioi?iaoe?th a AeOe aeaeathoue i?aenenoaie ieaeiueiai ??aiy, a naia
no??eee, na?oeioi?e, ?aeeia? eaioethae, aeene?aoi? ? aacia?a?ai? eie?ei?
ia?aoai?thaa/?, i?eno?i? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ii?cae?a, eieiiioea?a, aaaii?a
oa ?i.

Oai??y ? ?ic?iaea eie?eieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey iaa?no?aeueiiai
o?ainii?oo ?icaeyaea?oueny a ?iaioao A?ee??aa A.I., Eioey?aiea I.O.,
Aeieo?aiea ?.A., E?aaoeiaa TH.A., Iaie?ia I.O., Oeoeyeiaa A.I.,
E?anianueeiai I.A., A?eaoiaa A.N., Aeieo???aa A.N., I?i?ia A.A.,
Aooaieueoey A.I., Ooaiea A.A., A. Oaiia?a,

E. O?oa?a, I.Iioia oa ?i. Iaoiaeieia?y iiaoaeiae i?e?ii?ioeani?ieo
i?eno?i?a i?ciaiiy cae?cie/ieo ia’?eo?a ia iaa?no?aeueiiio ?
i?iieneiaiio o?ainii?o? aeeeaaeaia a i?aoeyo Niaie?aa TH.A., Caaa??y
A.?., E?naieiaa A.I., *aioeaaa E.A. oa ?i. No?oeoo?ai iiaoaeiae
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai oi?aae?iiy ?ooii ii?cae?a iao?iiie?oai?a
i?enay/ai? ?iaioe Aa?aiiaa E.A., ??io??aa A.A. oa ?i.

I?ioa, a oeae /an iaaia /anoeia ia?niiaeo a nenoai? ia?aaacaiue
aaioaae?a ua caeiyoa ?o/iei cai?ii ? ?o/iith ia?iaeith aeaieo, ine?eueee
aaoiiaoeciaai? i?eno?i? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ? ia?aaea/? iia?aeiieaiue a
oeaio?e aeeniao/a?nueeiai oi?aae?iiy i?i ia’?eoe, ui eiio?ieththoueny,
ia iaa?no?aeueiiio o?ainii?o? Oe?a?ie a?aenooi?.

A?aoiaoth/e aaaeeea?noue ?ica’ycaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie a ?aieao i?ia?aie
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ia cae?cieoeyo ?in??
aaaeaoueny ?ic?iaea i?eeeaaeieo caaea/ eiiieaenii? aaoiiaoecaoe??
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oi?aae?iiy aaioaaeieie ? ianaaee?nueeeie
ia?aaacaiiyie. O ?o /ene? iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ? nenoaia eiio?ieth
aeeneieaoe?? aaaiiiiai ia?eo (AeENIA?E) ia aac? aaaiiii? aeeiai?/ii?
iiaeae?. Aiia ia?aaeaa/a? iiiiia?iee iae?e aaaii?a aeey aaae?iiy ?iaioe
c iaoe?iiaeueiei ia?eii ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, ui aeicaiey? aaoiiaoecoaaoe
nenoaio ?ic?aooie?a ?c cae?cieoeyie ?ioeo e?a?i NIAe. ? iia?aeiieaiiy
i?i aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe aeaii? nenoaie, aea ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
i?aeo?eiee ia ieaeiueiio ??ai? aiia ia ia?.

Iia?oi? aaoiiaoeciaai? nenoaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? (oae? ye ATIS o??ie
Timtec GmbH — I?ia//eia) caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy ae/a?iii? ?ioi?iaoe??
i?i i?noeaiieiaeaiiy, noai ? oaoi?/io ni?aai?noue aaaii?a, iaeiae aiie
aeiaaathoue onoaiiaee ia aaaiiao aeoeaieo aai ianeaieo eiaeiiin??a, ui
iaiaaeo? iaeanoue ?o canoinoaaiiy ? iniaeeai ia iaa?no?aeueiiio
o?ainii?o? Oe?a?ie, ioiieaiiio ia?aaeath ia?an?/ieo ?a?iiaenueeeo
o?ainii?oieo ei?eaei??a. Oiio a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny
iaoiaeieia?y ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ia?aa?ciiai i?ioeano,
caniiaaia ia oaoiieia?yo, ui i???ioothoueny ia iacaieiai? o?ainii?oi?
iioiee ? ui ia aeiaaathoue i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? ia?aiaeaaeiaiiy ia’?eo?a,
ui eiio?ieththoueny.

O caeeth/i?e /anoei? ?icae?eo noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? i?iaeaie, ye?
iaoiiaeththoue iaoo i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ia?a?aoiaai? caaea/?,
ui ae??oothoueny a aeena?oaoe??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny oai?aoe/i? iniiae iiaoaeiae
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo, a yeeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y o?ainii?oieo cania?a i?iaiaeeoueny
aac ii?ooaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?ooo. Aeaia iaoiaeeea ia?aaeaa/a?
iayai?noue i?eno?i?a caieno ? c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, ea?iaaieo
ia/enethaaeueiei eiiieaenii.

I?e i?aeoiae? ii?caea aei ioieoo caieno ia?aeaeueii c ?ici?ciaaaiiyi ?
ia?eoaaiiyi aaaii?a oi?io?oueny aaca aeaieo i?i neeaae, yeiio
i?enaith?oueny ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiee eiae, ui iaiineoueny ia eie?ni? ia?e.
Oiio eiaeiee ?ooiiee neeaae, iath/e iaaiee eiae, iiaea aooe aeyaeaiee a
iaaeao caaeaiiai ?aa?iio. I?eno?i? caieno i?noyoue ye ia?ea?e ??ciiai
?iaeo eie?ei? aeaiaioe, i?ecia/ai? aeey iaai?oii? ia?iaee eie?n —
ooieoe?iiaeuei? iaiaai?/oaa/? (?en. 1). Ciaiiy eiie?aoii? caeaaeiino?
?iciiae?eo aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey a iaai?oii?iaiaeao ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iaiaai?/oaa/?a cia/iith i??ith iieaaoo? iioei?caoe?ei? caaea/?,
iia’ycai? c i?iaeooaaiiyi ? ?ic?iaeith ?aaeueieo ia’?eo?a iaai?oii?
ia?iaee eie?n ?ooiiiai neeaaeo.

?en.1. Eie?eiee iaiaai?/oaa/:

1 — oa?iiaai?oia ina?aey iaiaai?/oaa/a;

2 — iaiioee aeaeo?iiaai?oa;

3 — eie?nia ia?a;

4 — aieiaea ?aeee;

5 — a?nue eie?nii? ia?e

?ic?a’?ii oiiaii ia o?e ciie iaeano? ?iciiae?e aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey,
ui noai?th?oueny ia?aeiiei ia?aoai?thaa/ai:

oa?iiaai?oi? ae?eyiee iaai?oii?iaiae?a;

iia?o?yi? caci?e;

ciie iaiioie, ui iaiaai?/othoue, c? no?oiii.

Nenoaia ??aiyiue Iaenaaeea a caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? caieno?oueny oaeei
/eiii:

; (1)

; (2)

— iai?oaeai?noue iaai?oiiai iiey;

— ieoiia aeaeo?e/ia i?ia?aei?noue na?aaeiaeua;

— iai?oaeai?noue aeaeo?e/iiai iiey;

— aeaeo?e/ia ?iaeoeoe?y;

— u?euei?noue noi?iiiueiai no?oio;

— ?iaeoeoe?y;

— aaniethoia iaai?oia i?iieei?noue;

O?- iaai?oiee iio?e.

; (3)

, (4)

Aeey ia?oi? ciie ni?aaaaeeea? oae? aeiiouaiiy o aeiaaeeo, eiee i?e
?ic?aooieo ? iiaeaethaaii? i?iaiaeeoueny iae?e aeo?iaeo no?oi?a:

.

Aeey ae?oai? ciie ni?aaaaeeea? oae? aeiiouaiiy:

;

.

C o?aooaaiiyi oeeo aeiiouaiue caieoaii

; (5)

. (6)

Iaoae A=0, oiae?

aai

. (7)

O ae?oa?e cii? a??iee oaeiae ? ae?ac aeey neaey?iiai iaai?oiiai
iioaioe?aeo

Ca?aene

. (8)

Aeey o?aouei? ciie ni?aaaaeeea? oae? aeiiouaiiy:

;

;

;

C o?aooaaiiyi aeiiouaiue caieoaii

; (9)

; (10)

. (11)

Ia?aoai?thth/e oe? ae?ace, io?eia?ii

(12)

aai

(13)

sseui ?ioi? aaeoi?a ??aiee ioeth, oi iiea oeueiai aaeoi?a iioaioe?eia.
Oiio iiaeia i?eeiyoe

, (14)

— iioaioe?ae aeaeo?e/iiai iiey.

. (15)

aecia/eii a oeueiio aeiaaeeo oaeei /eiii:

.

C o?aooaaiiyi caaeaii? aeeaa?aaioe?? ae?ac (15) inoaoi/ii iaaoaea
aeaeyaeo

(16)

aai o ?ac? ieineiai iiey

(17)

. (18)

ni, a?aeiia?aeii, a?ae ia?oiai. Oe?eia oeueiai ia?aoeio aoaea
aecia/aoeny oiaueiith aieiaee ?aeee ? oiaueiith aaiaeaaea eie?nii? ia?e,
a aeiaaeeia iaiaaeoaaoeny e?i?yie oiiaii ioeueiaiai iaai?oiiai iioieo.
Aenia?eiaio iieacaa, ui a iia?o?yiiio caci??, oe?eia yeiai ia?aaeuo? 8h
(h-e?ie n?oee), aaee/eia ?iaeoeoe?? a eiaei?e oi/oe? neeiai? e?i??
i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaa, a ioaea, a?aieoeth oiiaii ioeueiaiai iioieo iiaeia
aaaaeaoe ni?aiaaeath/ith c e?aeiueith neeiaith e?i??th iaai?oiiai iiey.

Cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi ?iaioe aaeaioeaiiai i?eno?ith c/eooaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? ? c?iaeaii aiae?c aieeao ia?aoeiae ia ?iaioo aei??thaaeueieo
i?eeia/?a. Noaia aaaaeaiiy neaiae?a a?ae aeene?aoiiai aeao/eea
(oa?iciiaea) i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.2.

?en.2. Noaia aaaaeaiiy neaiae?a a?ae oa?iciiaea:

1 — oa?iciiae, 2 — i?aeneethaa/-ia?aoai?thaa/

— eiai ?iioeuenio ia?ao?aeio oa?aeoa?enoeeo.

O noai? iiaeooue iaoe i?noea oae? ia?aoeiaee c? niaeo?aeueiith
u?euei?noth:

«Iine?aeiaiee» a?eee ooi a?ae ciai?oi?o iaaaaeaiue

(19)

«Ia?aeaeueiee» a?eee ooi a?ae ciai?oi?o iaaaaeaiue

(20)

«Iine?aeiaiee» a?eee ooi, yeee aeeeeea?oueny i?ioeanaie a
iai?ai?ia?aeieeao, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a noai? ia?aoai?thaa/a

(21)

«Ia?aeaeueiee» a?eee ooi, yeee aeeeeea?oueny i?ioeanaie a ae?aeaeo?eeao,
ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a noai? ia?aoai?thaa/a

(22)

An? ?icaeyioo? ooie iiaeooue aooe i?aaenoaaeai? o aeaeyae?
aea?aaeaioii? ia?aoeiaee c? niaeo?aeueiith u?euei?noth

. (23)

Iioeiaeueia a?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ia?aoeiaea iiaea aooe io?eiaia o
aeaeyae? oaeiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy:

(24)

.

(25)

(26)

, (27)

. (28)

— iino?eia /ano oae caaiiai «ooiiaiai ei?aiy».

— ia?aoeiaea, aeeeeeaia o??th ae aaaiaith ooieoe??th, aeanoue ooiiaee
ca?yae

, (29)

. (30)

iiaea aooe ?ioa?i?aoiaaia ye a?aeiioaiiy aeaio eaaae?ao?a «ooiiaeo
ca?yae?a», ioe?ithaaieo aeey iioeiaeueii? aaaiai? ooieoe?? c
iaaecia/aiei i?eii

, (31)

. (32)

. O /anoioi?e iaeano? iioeiaeueia ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y iiaea aooe
i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaeyae?

, (33)

aea A — eiao?oe??io i?iii?oe?eiino?.

Caieoaii ae?ac aeey aaaiai? ooieoe??

. (34)

Ia/eneaiiy (34) ? caien eiai a?aeiinii ii?iae?ciaaiiai /ano aea?

(35)

,

(36)

.

, iiaoaeiaai? o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ae?ac?a (35) ? (36).

?en. 3. Oi?ia iioeiaeueii? aaaiai? ooieoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano

.

O caeeth/i?e /anoei? ?icae?eo neioaciaaiee aeai?eoi ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?
ia?eoaaiiy aaaii?a, eio?ee aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
?iciiae?e ?ooiieo iaeeieoeue ca oeiaie iniino? (/ioe?ueio -, oanoe -,
ainueieinueia? aai c iaia?iith e?euee?noth inae) a cae?cie/iiio neeaae?,
ui ia?iaey?oueny. ?ici?ciaaaiiy a?ce?a aaco?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee ?ooiieo iaeeieoeue, ye? iieacaee, ui
oaeaee?noue ie?aiiai aaaiia aai eieiiioeaa ca /an i?ioiaeaeaiiy
a?aenoai?, ??aii? aeiaaeei? a?cea oeueiai aaaiia aai eieiiioeaa,
ci?ith?oueny ia a?eueo i?ae ia 20%. Oaeei /eiii, cao?eiea iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
neaiaeo a?ae /a?aiai? eie?nii? ia?e, ui ia?aaeuo? a?eueo i?ae ia 20 %
oei/aniaee ?ioa?aae i?ae ia?oeie aeaiia eie?nieie ia?aie a?cea, iaae?eii
na?ae/eoue i?i cae?i/aiiy i?ioiaeaeaiiy /a?aiaiai a?cea ieii eie?eiiai
aeao/eea. Cai?iiiiiaaia no?oeoo?ia noaia i?eno?ith, ui ?aae?co?
?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny iaoiaeeea ?ici?ciaaaiiy eie?nieo
ia? ?ooiieo neeaae?a a cii? ae?? eie?eieo aeao/ee?a.

I?eeiaii aeey iieno i?ioean?a, ui niinoa??aathoueny, oaeo iiaeaeue:

; (37)

; (38)

— ia?aiao? aeyaeaiiy;

, yeui ia’?eo ciaoiaeeany o cii? eiio?ieth ia ?ioa?aae? niinoa?aaeaiiy;

, yeui oey oiiaa ia aeeiiaia;

– aiie?ooaea ei?eniiai eiiiiiaioa i-ai i?ioeano, ui niinoa??aa?oueny;

S1(.), S2[.] — ooieoe?? /ano, ui iienothoue oi?io ei?eniiai eiiiiiaioa
a?aeiia?aeii ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai i?ioeano u1(t) ? u2(t), ui
niinoa??aa?oueny;

mt — ianooaaiee iiiaeiee, ui caaea? oaeaee?noue ci?ie ooieoe?e S1(.) ?
S2[.] o /an? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeaeeino? V ia?ai?uaiiy ia’?eoa a cii?
eiio?ieth;

, oiaoi i?e aeayeiio cia/aii? oaeaeeino? V, i?eeiyoiio ca iii?iaeueia;

— ia?aoeiaeiaee eiiiiiaio i-ai i?ioeano, ui niinoa??aa?oueny.

oaeiae ? aeiaaeeiaith aaee/eiith, ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaiith ia
?ioa?aae? [mtmin, mtmax].

A?aeiia?aeia u?euei?noue ?iia??iino? ?

(39)

*enaeueia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a tn aecia/a?oueny ia?aaaaeii iiaaae?ieith
ia’?eoa ia?aae aoiaeii a ciio eiio?ieth, oiio aoaeaii aaaaeaoe oea
cia/aiiy iacaeaaeiith aaee/eiith c u?euei?noth ?iia??iino?

(40)

— a?aeiia?aeii iaeneiaeueia ? i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a tn.

C o?ce/ieo i??eoaaiue ne?ae /aeaoe iayaiino? noaoenoe/iiai ca’yceo
aaee/ei a1 ? a2. I?eeiaii ye oa?aeoa?enoeeo oaeiai ca’yceo ni?eueio
u?euei?noue ?iia??iino? ? iieeaaeaii ?? aaonn?anueeith

, (41)

— iaoaiaoe/i? niiae?aaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aaee/ei a1 oa a2;

— na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/i? cia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeii aaee/ei a1 oa a2 ;

RA12 — eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe??.

Ia?aoeiaeia? eiiiiiaioe ni(t) (i=1,2) aoaeaii aaaaeaoe aca?iii
iacaeaaeieie noaoe?iia?ieie a oe?ieiio cia/aii? aaonn?anueeeie
aeiaaeeiaeie i?ioeanaie c? niaeo?aeueiith u?euei?noth iiooaeiino?

(42)

?, ioaea, aeenia?n?yie

,

i?e/iio a?aie/ia /anoioa F niaeo?a ia?aoeiae iieeaaea?oueny a?eueoith,
i?ae iaeaeua c /anoio niaeo?a ei?enieo eiiiiiaio?a. Aoaeaii aaaaeaoe, ui
aiie?ooaee ei?enieo eiiiiiaio?a i?ioean?a, ui niinoa??aathoueny, oi/ ?
? aeiaaeeiaeie aaee/eiaie, aea iia’ycai? i?yii i?iii?oe?eiith
caeaaei?noth

,

— a?aeiiee iaaeiaaeeiaee eiao?oe??io.

C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai aeiiouaiiy iiaeaeue i?ioean?a, ui
niinoa??aathoueny, iaaa?a aeaeyaeo

; (43)

. (44)

. Aeiaaeeiaa aaee/eia a1 ia? u?euei?noue ?iia??iino?

. (45)

, iieeaaoe oe? ia?aiao?e aeene?aoieie:

;
(46)

Caieoaii ae?ac aeey ooieoe?? i?aaaeiiiae?aiino?, aeeeth/eaoe ??
caeaaei?noue a?ae ia?noioieo ia?aiao??a

, (47)

aea

; (48)

. (49)

. (50)

?

, (51)

.

Oaeei /eiii, o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei (47) ? (51) ia?ii

. (52)

. O i?aenoieo

. (53)

A?aoiaoth/e, ui u?eueiino? ?iia??iino? (46) ?, noiniaii aei caaea/?, ui
ae??oo?oueny, aeene?aoieie neaiaeaie u?eueiinoae ?iia??iino? (39) ?
(40), io?eia?ii

. (54)

O ?acoeueoao? aeai?eoi i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ia? oaeee aeaeyae:

(55)

? ??oaiiy i?i a?aenooi?noue ia’?eoa — eiee oey noia ii?iao ia
ia?aaeuo?.

?en.4. Aaaaoieaiaeueiee aeyaey/:

II – ii?iaiaee i?eno??e

O ?iaio? neioaciaaii noaiioeiaeueiee iaeiieaiaeueiee aeyaey/ ? aeaia
ioe?iea oa?aeoa?enoee yeino? aeyaeaiiy ia’?eoa. Io?eiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aeey ?ic?aooieo oiiaii? ?iia??iino? i?aaeeueiiai aeyaeaiiy ia’?eoa ?
oiiaii? ?iia??iino? iiieeeiai? o?eaiae

, (56)

, (57)

aea

, (58)

, (59)

, (60)

, (61)

— a?aeiioaiiy aia?a?? na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iiai cia/aiiy ei?eniiai
eiiiiiaioa ia?oiai i?ioeano, ui niinoa??aa?oueny, aei niaeo?aeueii?
u?eueiino? iiooaeiino? ia?aoeiaeiaiai eiiiiiaioa oeueiai i?ioeano;

-aiae?oe/ia a?aeiioaiiy aeey ae?oaiai i?ioeano, ui niinoa??aa?oueny;

— ia?aiao? a?oioaaiiy u?eueiino? ?iia??iino? aiie?ooaee;

— ocaaaeueiaiee aia?aaoe/iee ia?aiao?.

Ae?ac (57) aeicaiey? ca a?aeiieie ai??i?ieie ?iia??iinoyie iayaiino? ?
a?aenooiino? ia’?eoa, ca ?iia??i?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ei?eniiai
eiiiiiaioa ? ca eiai aia?aaoe/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ei?enieo ?
ia?aoeiaeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a ia/eneeoe aaee/eio ii?iaiaiai ??aiy Z, ui
aeei?enoiao?oueny a neioaciaaieo aeyaey/ao.

i?aaenoaaeai? o oaaeeoe?.

Oaaeeoey

0,1 1 10 80 640

?i A=3 0,0626 0,5245 0,9113 0,9731 0,9903

A=6 0,0597 0,5605 0,9465 0,9924 0,9981

A=12 0,0590 0,5706 0,9573 0,9979 0,9999

A=24 0,0588 0,5733 0,9602 0,9989 0,999996

?i. na?. A=3 0,3075 0,2001 0,0519 0,0199 0,0112

A=6 0,3076 0,1929 0,0372 0,0059 0,0017

A=12 0,3076 0,1909 0,0319 0,0018 0,95·10-4

A=24 0,3076 0,1904 0,0304 0,96·10-3 0,36·10-5

oa niinoa??aa?oueny ia oii? aaonn?anueeiai ooio c ??aiii??iei
iaiaaeaiei niaeo?ii. Iiaeaeue ao?aeiiai neaiaeo i?eno?ith ?ici?ciaaaiiy
caieoaii ye

(62)

;

— ?iioeuenia ooieoe?y iaeeie/ii? aiie?ooaee (ii?iiaaiee a?aeaoe
aeao/eea);

SYMBOL 108 \f «Symbol» \s 14 l i — aea?eeiaee ia?aiao?, yeee aecia/a?
iayai?noue ( SYMBOL 108 \f «Symbol» \s 14 l i=1) aai a?aenooi?noue (
SYMBOL 108 \f «Symbol» \s 14 l i=0) i-? eie?nii? ia?e o a?ceo.

— aiie?ooaea ?iioeueno;

— iiiaeiee, yeee aecia/a? /aniaee ianooaa ii?iiaaiiai a?aeaoeo
aeao/eea S(t).

, (63)

— iioi/ia oaeaee?noue ai?eciioaeueiiai ia?ai?uaiiy eie?nii? ia?e;

— cacaeaeaa?aeue caaeaia iii?iaeueia cia/aiiy oaeaeeino?;

aeeth/aiiy aeao/eea;

— /aniaa a?aenoaiue i?ae a?aeaoeaie, ?i?oe?eiaaieie non?aei?ie
eie?nieie ia?aie, i?e iii?iaeuei?e oaeaeeino? ?ooo a?cea;

— a?aeiia?aeii /an aeeth/aiiy ? /an a?aeeeth/aiiy eie?eiiai aeao/eea.

— aaeeoeaia ia?aoeiaea.

:

.

I?e oeueiio

; (64)

.

I?e oeueiio

,
(65)

aea

; (66)

, eiee a?cie aeaioinueiaee.

.

I?e oeueiio

,
(67)

aea

; (68)

, eiee a?cie o?ueioinueiaee.

.

I?e oeueiio

, (69)

aea

. (70)

(aeey o?ueioinueiaiai a?cea) caieno?oueny ye

, (71)

aea

,
(72)

,

,

— oaaee/i? ?ioaa?aee oa iino?ei? eiao?oe??ioe.

inae aaaiiiiai a?cea. ?icaeyioo? aeaa niiniae ?aae?caoe?? aeie?a
ia/eneaiiy ooieoe?e i?aaaeiiiae?aiino?:

oeyoii aaciina?aaeiueiai aeeiiaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iia?aoe?? iaae i?eeiyoei
neaiaeii, acoeueoaoii /iai aoaea ei?aeyoe?eiee i?eeia/ (?en. 5);

nenoaiith ocaiaeaeaieo o?eueo??a.

?en.5. Ei?aeyoe?eiee i?eeia/

Aeey ioe?iee aeinoia??iino? ??oaiue, ui i?eeiathoueny, iicia/eii neaiae
ia i-io aoiae? ae??ooth/iai i?eno?ith ye Yi, a ni?eueio u?euei?noue
?iia??iino? ao?aeieo neaiae?a ye ?(Y0, Y1, Y2, Y3) .

Ao?aei? neaiaee ae??ooth/iai i?eno?ith iiaeooue aooe caienai? o oaeiio
aeaeyae?:

(73)

— neaiaeueiee ?iioeuen,

(74)

(75)

ia? aeaeyae, yeee i?aaenoaaeaiee ia ?en.6.

Noeoii?noue inoaii?o /ioe?ueio ae?ac?a aeicaiey? ia/eneeoe ?iia??iino?
iiieeie ?ii i?e eiio?ie? iaeii- aeaio- ? o?ueioinueiaeo a?ce?a, a iio?i
aecia/eoe na?aaeith ?iia??i?noue iiieeee

, (76)

, (77)

, (78)

, (79)

aea

(80)

, (81)

, (82)

, (83)

. (84)

O ?acoeueoao? io?eiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ui aeicaieythoue ?ic?aooaaoe
aaaeeeaee aeey i?aeoeee iieaciee — ?iia??i?noue iiieeee ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
eiio?ieueiaaieo ia’?eo?a.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny iaoiaeieia?y canoinoaaiiy
aaoiiaoeciaaieo i?eno?i?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ia?aa?ciiai
i?ioeano aeey ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a ? iai?yi?a aei?iae, oaoiieia?/ieo
iiaeaeae eiiieaenii? ia?a?iaee aaaii?a ia ni?ooaaeueieo noaioe?yo,
i?ei?nueeiai niieo/aiiy ? nenoai oi?aae?iiy aeaeo?iii?caeaie
iao?iiie?oai?a.

A ?iaio? noaaeoueny caaaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? i?eno?i?a
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a ae?th/? i?aenenoaie ANOCO. Ia?aaeaa/a?oueny eieaeuei?
i?eno?i? aaoiiaoe/iiai caieno ? c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, ?icoaoiaai? o
aoce? aai ?aa?ii? aei?iae, iiaoaiii ia’?aeiaoe a ia?aaeaao nenoaio
aaoiiaoe/iiai eiio?ieth iayaiino?, ?iaioe ? aeei?enoaiiy ?ooiiiai
neeaaeo, a ia ?? aac? ?aae?coaaoe eia?noe/i? eaioethae «iinoa/aeueiee —
ia?aa?ciee — iaea?aeoaa/ aaioaae?a», «ianaaee? — ia?aa?ciee», «na?a?nia
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?ooiiiai neeaaeo — ia?aaacaiiy», a yeeo ? a?aeiia?aei?
iaai?e oaoiieia?/ieo caaaeaiue ? iaoiae?a ?o ??oaiiy. I?e oeueiio ca
eiaeiith iaeeieoeath ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ?aeaioeo?eo?oueny oiiaiee iiia?,
yeee a eiii’thoa?i?e ia?aae? iia’ycaiee c ?iaaioa?iei iiia?ii ca?aeii c
«?aeeiith nenoaiith ioia?aoe?? ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ia?aae? cae?cieoeue»;
eiaeii aea?aeaae — aeanieea, ia’?eoii aeeiiaiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.
Iaeii/anii c ?a?no?aoe??th ia’?eoa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aaoiiaoe/ii
a?aoiaothoueny oaoiieia?/i? iia?aoe?? oeio: i?eeii c ?ioi? aea?aeaae ia
ioieo? i?aeaea?aeaaiiai ia?aoiaeo; caea/a ?io?e aea?aeaa?; i?eeii c
?ioi? cae?cieoe? oa ?i. Eiaeiaa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ?
iaeaaeiaiiy caienoth/eo ? c/eooth/eo iiceoe?e cae?enith?oueny iiaoaiii
ia ie?aieo ?aa?iiao ia?aae? c iiaeaeueoei ia’?aeiaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueieo
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? (ANC?) a caaaeueio nenoaio
aea?aeaae ? ni?aae?oaeiino? aea?aeaa. Aeioe?euei?noue onoaiiaee
caienoth/eo ? c/eooth/eo iiceoe?e aecia/a?oueny oaoiieia?/ieie /eiieeaie
ia noeeiaeo ? ia?aaeaaaeueieo noaioe?yo, ia ni?ooaaeueieo, ae?eueie/ieo,
aaioaaeieo, ianaaee?nueeeo noaioe?yo ? aeaii, cai?noue iino?a nienoaaiiy
aaaii?a ia ae?eueieoeyo iaaeeaeaiiy noaioe??, ia ai?ao ni?ooaaeueieo
a??ie, ia ni?ooaaeueieo eie?yo, ia aenoaaeyeueieo eie?yo ia’?eo?a
aaioaaeii? ?iaioe, oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo ?ooiiiai neeaaeo,
ia ae?eueieoeyo aeaeaeaiiy noaioe?e ii eiaei?e eie?? a?aei?aaeaiiy, ia
ianaaee?nueeeo noaioe?yo — i?e i?eeii? ? a?aei?aaeaii? ii?cae?a,
aenoaaeyii? ianaaee?nueeeo neeaae?a ia ianaaee?nueeo oaoi?/io noaioe?th,
ia ?aiiioieo caaiaeao ? aeaii — ia i?eeiaeueii-a?aei?aaieo
(aenoaaeyeueieo eie?yo) a?aeiia?aeii aei iiiaioo i?eeiio ? caea/?
?ooiiiai neeaaeo. ANC? caaacia/o? aaoiiaoeciaaia aaae?iiy aace aeaieo
ii?cae?a, eieiiioea?a, a?aei?aaie, niaoe?aeueiiai ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ?
iaoeiia oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo oaoiieia?/ieo aeieoiaio?a a
aeaeo?iiiiio aeeiiaii?. Aaoiiaoe/ia ?a?no?aoe?y ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ia
caienoth/eo ? c/eooth/eo iiceoe?yo noaioe?e iiaeiia aooe iia’ycaia c
?iaioith A?I ia?niiaeo. Ca aeiiiiiaith na?aa??a aocea ? noaioe?e
cae?enith?oueny ?ioi?iaoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ia aca?iiae?y A?I ia?niiaeo c
oeaio?aie oi?aae?iiy ? o?ainii?oieie eiiiai?yie. ?ioi?iaoe?eia
aca?iiae?y ?aae?co?oueny ca noaiith eia?noe/iiai i?ioeano. Aea?? noaie
?ooo aeaeo?iii?cae?a ? aeecaeue-ii?cae?a, iiaoaeiaa a?ao?ea ? eiai
ei?aeooaaiiy iiaea cae?enithaaoeny ca aeaieie ?ioi?iaoe??, ui iinooia?
a?ae ANC?. O nenoai? ANC? caniaaie caieno iaiinyoueny ia ?ooiiee neeaae
a?aeiia?aei? oiiai? iiia?e ?ooiieo iaeeieoeue. Caniae caieno anoaiiaeai?
a iioi?aaaiiiiio aeaii, a caniae iae?eo — ia ciiieo noaioe?yo iai?ioo ?
aieiai?e noaioe?? ae?eueieoe?. Aeina?ae ?iaioe iao?iiie?oai?a iieaco?,
ui caaacia/aiiy aenieeo aenieoaoaoe?eieo iieaciee?a iao?iiie?oaio
iaiiaeeeai aac aeei?enoaiiy ANO ye eiai ie?aieie oaoiieia?/ieie
i?ioeanaie, oae ? iao?iiie?oaiii caaaeii. Oea ia?aaeaa/a? aeey eiaeiiai
neeaaeo oaoi?/iee iaeyae ? i?io?eaeoe/iee ?aiiio i?e a?aenoi? ia e?i??,
ia??iaee/iee ?aiiio a aeaii, na?aaei?e ? eai?oaeueiee caaiaenuee?
?aiiioe, a oaeiae iioi/i? — ieooy aaaii?a ? ?o i/euaiiy a?ae ieeo a
i?iaeoai?e eaia??. An? ia?a?aoiaai? aeaee oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeeiiothoueny /a?ac iaai? i?ii?aeee /ano, aaee/eie yeeo
anoaiiaeththoueny aee?aeoeaii, iaeiae ia iniia? aeaiae?a ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oai??? ianeoaiaoaaiiy neeaaeieo nenoai. sse i?aaeei, oe?
i?ii?aeee /ano aaciina?aaeiuei aecia/athoueny i?ia?aii ?ooiiiai neeaaeo,
oiio a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? iaiao?aeii eiio?iethaaoe aaee/eio i?ia?ao
eiaeiiai aaaiia. Aeey caaacia/aiiy oaeiai eiio?ieth i?e aeoiae? eiaeiiai
ninoaaa c aeaeo?iaeaii ia e?i?th ca iei cae??ieythoue iaai? aaaiie, ui
?aeaioeo?eothoueny ?o iiia?aie.

Oaeei /eiii, aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a a ii?aeiaii?
c? no?oeoo?iith ia?aaoaeiaith oi?aae?iiy ia?aaacaiiyie aeicaieeoue
aaoiiaoecoaaoe ?iaioo aeeniao/a?nueeeo oeaio??a, nei?ioeoe ia?niiae ii
iae?eo ? oi?aae?iith ia?aa?ciei i?ioeanii, i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy eia?noe/iiai eaioethaa «a?aei?aaiee — cae?cieoey —
iaea?aeoaa/ aaioaae?a», «ianaaee? — cae?cieoey», noai?eoe nenoaio
iae?eo na?a?niiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?ooiiiai neeaaeo.

Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
cae?enithaaeany ia iniia? iaoiaeeee, aeeeaaeaii? a caeeth/i?e /anoei?
i’yoiai ?icae?eo aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeei?enoai? i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? nenoaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aaaii?a
Naeo?anueei? e?i?? Oa?e?anueeiai iao?iiie?oaio.

AENIIAEE

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? c?iaeaii oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy ? ae??oaia
iaoeiaa i?iaeaia eiiieaeniiai aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ? caoiae?a
io?eiaiiy aeaieo i?i ?ooii? iaeeieoe?, ui caaacia/o? aeiaeaoeiaith ?
aeinoia??iith ?ioi?iaoe??th cae?cie/i? ia?aaacaiiy. Ia aac? iaoiae?a
?ici?ciaaaiiy, ye? ia iio?aaothoue aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueieo aeao/ee?a
ia ?ooiiiio neeaae?, a aeei?enoiaothoue iaoiaee iaai?oiiai ia?eoaaiiy
ia’?eo?a eiio?ieth, ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae
iiaoaeiae i?eno?i?a ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a ia’?eo?a, ui aea?
iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aenieoaoaoe?? cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo.

I?e oeueiio io?eiai? ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe.

1. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo i?eno?i?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? cae?cie/ieo o?ainii?oieo
cania?a iieacaa, ui aeey iaa?no?aeueiiai o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie iaea?eueo
i?eeiyoieie ? iaoiaee ?ici?ciaaaiiy, ?aae?ciaai? ia oaoi?/ieo ??oaiiyo,
ye? ia aeiaaathoue ia?aiaeaaeiaiiy ia’?eo?a, ui eiio?ieththoueny. Oea
aea? ciiao ?ica’ycaoe i?iaeaio aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy aaioaaeieo ? ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia iaa?no?aeueiiio
o?ainii?o? Oe?a?ie ia iniia? ?ioaa?aoe?? a ?nioth/? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy
aenieoaoaoe?eiith ?iaioith ?ic?iaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiae?a
?ici?ciaaaiiy o?ainii?oieo cania?a. Iaoiaeieia?y iiaoaeiae
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a, ui ?ic?iaeaia, ia
aeiaaa? ci?ie ?nioth/i? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia?aaacaiiyie, ui aeicaiey?
i?aai?coaaoe eieaeuei? i?aenenoaie eiio?ieth c iiaeeea?noth ?o
iiaeaeueoiai ia’?aeiaiiy a ?aeeio ?ioi?iaoe?eio ia?aaeo.

2. ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae iaai?oiiai ia?eoaaiiy cae?cie/ieo
aaaii?a c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ia?ace ia’?eo?a, yea
iaiao?aeia aeey nenoai ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii ia?aaacaiue. Iiaith
iniaeea?noth aeaii? iaoiaeeee ? oa, ui ia eieana ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ia
noaaeyoueny iaai?oi? i?oee, a cae?enith?oueny ?o iiaia ia?aiaai?/aiiy.
Oea aeicaiey? noai?thaaoe i?ino? ii eiino?oeoe?? ? iaae?ei?
iaiaai?/oaa/?, a oaeiae ?noioii ni?iuo? i?ioean c/eooaaiiy neaiae?a,
ine?eueee ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iia?aeiieaiiy iana eie?nia ia?a, a?cie aai aaaii
a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?eeiyoi? nenoai? eiaeoaaiiy. I?e oeueiio
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y o?ainii?oiiai caniao cae?enith?oueny ia o?eueee ca
e?euee?noth inae o aaaiiieo a?ceao, aea ? ca ??aiai ?o caeeoeiaeo
iaai?oieo iie?a. I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?ce/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy ??ai?a caeeoeiaeo iaai?oieo iie?a eie?nieo ia? aaaii?a.
Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? aeoeaieo aeaiaio?a
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaiaai?/oaa/?a ? ye aeo?aei? aeai? (??ai? ciai?oi?o
iaai?oieo iie?a) aeey neioaco aaeaioeaieo eie?eieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a.

3. C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aenieoaoaoe?? cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ?iaioe ? neioaciaai? aaeaioeai? eie?ei?
ia?aoai?thaa/? aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a, ye? iaiao?aei?
aeey caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeeiai?/ieo iiaeaeae oi?aae?iiy
ia?aaacaiiyie. A?aei?oiith iniaeea?noth oeeo i?eno?i?a ? ?o i???ioaoe?y
ia ?iaioo a neeaaeieo oiiaao, a naia:

ii/aoeiaei ?iai/ei noaiii c/eooth/eo i?eno?i?a ? a?ae?iaeyiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo ? aoiinoa?ieo ia?aoeiae ? iae?e ?o a ?acoeueoaoao
aei??thaaiue;

aei??thaaiiy cae?enith?oueny o?eueee i?ae /an ciaoiaeaeaiiy ia’?eoa a
cii? eiio?ieth, i?e oeueiio ioeueiaei ??aiai a?aee?eo ? ??aaiue neaiaeo,
ui noai?th?oueny noia?iith ia?aoeiaeith;

/ooeea?noue aeao/ee?a aeicaiey? anoaiiaethaaoe ?o a i?noeyo, ia
aeinooiieo aeey iaoai?/ieo iioeiaeaeaiue (?ici?uoaaoe i?ae caieath,
?icianoe a?ae aieiaee ?aeee ia a?aenoaiue 0,25 — 1 i a caeaaeiino? a?ae
?aaoethaaiiy i?eeia/?a);

iiaeeea?noue ?aaeoe?? ia iano aaaiia.

Oea aeicaiey? noai?thaaoe i?eno?i? ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeiaaiaacieo aaaii?a,
eiio?ieth caiiaiaiiy eie?e i?aea??eiaeo ia?e?a ni?ooaaeueieo a??ie aac
canoinoaaiiy ?aeeiaeo eaioetha?a, aeyaeaiiy «a?eii» a nenoaiao eiio?ieth
caiiaiaiiy eie?e ? ?i. Aei?iaoaaiiy eie?eieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a i?e
c/eooaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a c eie?nieo ia? aeaeo?iii?cae?a ia
Oa?e?anueeiio iao?iiie?oai? iieacaee i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue
canoinoaaiiy ?o aeey ae?aaiinoeee iaae?eiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oyaiaeo
aeaeaoi?a ii ?iciiae?eo ??ai?a ciai?oi?o iaai?oieo iie?a.

. Ia iniia? oaeiai i?aeoiaeo io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooieo
iiieeee aecia/aiiy e?eueeino? eie?nieo ia? ? i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee yeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy neioaciaaieo i?eno?i?a.

iiaea aooe iai?eionoeii aaeeeith aeey ?yaeo i?aeoe/ieo aeiaeaoe?a.

), iiaeia iioei?coaaoe ye aeiiae aei eiaeo, oae ? aeiiae aei
oa?aeoa?enoee iin?y eiaeo, ui caaacia/o? aaoiiaoecaoe?th aecia/aiiy
aeeneieaoe?? ii?cae?a o i?ioean? ia?aaacaiue ia iie?aiiao cae?cieoeue.

6. ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae iiaoaeiae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai ia
iniia? aaaaoieaiaeueieo i?eno?i?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?ooiieo neeaae?a.
Neioaciaaii noaiioeiaeueiee aeai?eoi ?iaioe aaaaoieaiaeueiiai i?eno?ith
?ici?ciaaaiiy o?ainii?oieo cania?a, yeee ia?, ye iieacaea ii??aiyeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea, iaee?aua cia/aiiy ?iia??iino? yeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

7. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeieia?y iiaoaeiae ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
ia?aa?ciiai i?ioeano a nenoaiao oi?aae?iiy ia?aaacaiiyie aeey ?aa?ii?a ?
iai?yi?a cae?cieoe?, ni?ooaaeueieo noaioe?e, iao?iiie?oai?a, caniiaaia
ia no?oeoo?i?e ?ioaa?aoe?? i?eno?i?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a ae?th/?
i?aenenoaie oi?aae?iiy cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo. I?e oeueiio aeeiiaiee
aiae?c iioeiaeueieo i?noeue ?ici?uaiiy i?i/eooth/eo i?eno?i?a a ??cieo
i?ae?icae?eao aei?iae c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueii? aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy o?ainii?oieo cania?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iaoiaeieia??, ui i?iiiio?oueny, aeicaieeoue aaoiiaoecoaaoe ?iaioo
oeaio??a oi?aae?iiy ia?aa?ciei i?ioeanii ? noai?eoe nenoaio iae?eo
na?a?niiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, ui oaeineiiaeth?
aenieoaoaoe?th cae?cie/iiai neeaaeo.

8. Aeeiiaia oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
i?eno?i?a ?ici?ciaaaiiy o?ainii?oieo cania?a. Aeey Oa?e?anueeiai
iao?iiie?oaio ?ic?aooieiaee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
nenoaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? (1430 oen. a?i.) io?eiaiee ca ?aooiie
nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao ia oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiio ?ooiiiai neeaaeo
caaaeyee iae?eo ?aaeueiiai i?ia?ao aaaiia. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeei?enoai? i?e
ai?iaaaeaeaii? nenoaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aaaii?a Naeo?anueei? e?i??
Oa?e?anueeiai iao?iiie?oaio.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Nieieia A.I., Aaaaaa I.I., Ciei/aaneee E.I., Ieeeiaiei A.A.
Enneaaeiaaiea iaaieoiuo oa?aeoa?enoee eieaniie noaee aeey o?aiaiey
eioi?iaoeee a nenoaia caiene eiaaioa?iuo iiia?ia aaaiiia // Iaaeaoc.na.
iao/. o?./ Oa?AAAEO, 1986. – Aui.1. – N. 91-93.

2. Aaaaaa I.I., Eioaaie N.A., Aeai/aiei I.O. Nenoaia ?aniiciaaaiey
iiaeaeaeiuo ninoaaia iao?iiieeoaia // Iaaeaoc. na. iao/. o?./ Oa?AAAEO,
1994. – Aui.25. – N. 45-52.

3. Aaaaaa I.I. Noaiioeiaeueiay i?ioeaaeo?a ?aniiciaaaiey ia?acia a
nenoaiao oi?aaeaiey iiaeaeaeiui ninoaaii iao?iiieeoaia // Iaaeaoc. na.
iao/. o?./ Oa?AAAEO, 1995. – Aui. 27. – N. 68-70.

4. Aaaaaa I.I. Neioac aeaooaeao/eeiaiai ono?ienoaa eiio?iey ciiu //
Iaaeaoc. na. iao/. o?./ Oa?AAAEO, 1997. – Aui. 28. – N. 85-88.

5. Aaaaaa I.I. Aa?iyoiinoiua oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeanna ?aniiciaaaiey
eieaniuo ia? iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa //
I?aeaoc. ca. iaoe. i?./ Oa?AeACO, 1998. – Aei. 34. – N. 93-95.

6. Aaaaaa I.I., Aeai/aiei I.O., Eioaaie N.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea iiacaeiiai
iieiaeaiey a yeaeo?iaeaii iao?iiieeoaia // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea
nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. — 1996. — ?3,4. — N. 37-40.

7. Aaaaaa I.I. Iioeiecaoeey i?aia?aciaaoaeae neaiaeia io
iaaieoiiiaeo-eyoeeiiiuo /oanoaeoaeueiuo yeaiaioia //
Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. —
1996. — ?6. – N. 54-56.

8. Niaieaa TH.A., Aaaaaa I.I., I?eaeoaeia I.ss. Eiioeaioeey iiaie
oaoiieiaee ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo iiaeaeaeiuie ninoaaaie aeaeaciuo aei?ia //
?ioi?iaoe?eii-ea?oth/? nenoaie ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?. – 1997. — ?1.
– N.74-78.

Aaaaaa I.I., Aeaaeaeaiei I.A., Niaieaa TH.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue eiio?iey
ciiu aeaooaeao/eeiaui ono?ienoaii // ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ea?oth/? nenoaie ia
cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?. – 1997. — ?2. – N.12-14.

10. Aaaaaa I.I., Aeai/aiei I.O., Niaieaa TH.A. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey
iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey a?aiy-eiioeueniiai
eiaee?iaaiey // ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ea?oth/? nenoaie ia cae?cie/iiio
o?ainii?o?. – 1997. — ?3. – N.49-53.

11. Aaaaaa I.I. Neioac iiiaoionoie/eauo i?eaiieeia neaiaeia io oi/a/iuo
aeao/eeia // ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ea?oth/? nenoaie ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?.
– 1997. — ?4. – N.62-64.

12. Aaaaaa I.I., Niaieaa TH.A., I?eaeoaeia I.ss. Eiioeaioeey iiaie
oaoiieiaee ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo iiaeaeaeiuie ninoaaaie aeaeaciuo aei?ia.
*anoue 3. Eiaee?iaaiea iaaieoiuo ninoiyiee eieaniuo ia? //
?ioi?iaoe?eii-ea?oth/? nenoaie ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?. – 1998. — ?5.
– N.83-85.

Aaaaaa I.I., I?eaeoaeia I.ss., Niaieaa TH.A. Eiioeaioeey iiaie
oaoiieiaee ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo iiaeaeaeiuie ninoaaaie aeaeaciuo aei?ia.
I?iaeaiu ?aniiciaaaiey aeaeaciiaei?iaeiuo aaaiiia //
?ioi?iaoe?eii-ea?oth/? nenoaie ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?. – 1998. — ?6.
– N.64-67.

14. Aaaaaa I.I. Iaoiaeieiaey iino?iaiey ono?ienoa ?aniiciaaaiey ia?acia
iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa. *anoue 1. Aeai?eoi
iaia?oaeaiey iaee/ey eieaniuo ia? a ciia eiio?iey //
?ioi?iaoe?eii-ea?oth/? nenoaie ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?. – 1999. — ?1.
– N.93-97.

15. Aaaa?a I.I. Ioe?iea aeinoia??iino? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?eno?iyie
?ici?ciaaaiiy o?ainii?oieo cania?a // I?aeaoc. ca. iaoe. i?. / Oa?AeACO,
1999. – Aei.35. – N.126-131.

16. Niaieaa TH.A., Aaaaaa I.I. O?aaiaiey ninoiyiey yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai
iiey ia?ae/iuo iooaauo yeaiaioia nenoaiu eaeaioeoeeaoeee iiaeaeaeiiai
ninoaaa // A?niee No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. –
1999. — ?2. – N.68-75.

17. Aaaaaa I.I. Iaoiaeieiaey iino?iaiey ono?ienoa ?aniiciaaaiey ia?acia
iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa. *anoue 2.
No?oeoo?iua noaiu iiiaoionoie/eauo i?eaiieeia eioi?iaoeeiiiuo neaiaeia
// ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ea?oth/? nenoaie ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?. – 1999. —
?4. – N.65-68.

18. A.n. 1671507 NNN?, IEE A 61 L 25/02. Ono?ienoai aeey ia?aaea/e
eioi?iaoeee ia iiaeaeaeiie ninoaa/ I.I. Aaaaaa, I.O. Aeai/aiei, N.A.
Eioaaie, I.ss. I?eaeoaeia, TH.A. Niaieaa (NNN?). — ? 1310274; Cayaeaii
19.07.89; Iioae. 23.08.91, Athe. ?31. — 4n.: 1 ee.

19. Iao. 13411 Oe?a?ia, IE?6 A 61 L 1/16. I?eno??e aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy
ia’?eoa, yeee ?ooa?oueny ii ?aeeao / I.I. Aaaa?a, I.O. Aeai/aiei, E.I.
?na?a, N.A. Eioiaee, A.A. I?eeeiei, TH.A. Niaie?a (Oe?a?ia). — ?
95010319; Cayae. 23.01.95; Iioae. 31.08.98. Athe. ? 4. — 3n.: ?e. 2.

20. Iao. 21240 A Oe?a?ia, IE?6 G 06 E 7/08, G 06 N 7/09. I?eno??e
aaceiioaeoiiai c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c ?ooiieo iaai?oieo iin??a / I.I.
Aaaa?a, I.O. Aeai/aiei, E.I. ?na?a, N.A. Eioiaee, TH.A. Niaie?a
(Oe?a?ia). — ? 94086586; Cayae. 08.08.94; Iioae. 27.02.98. Athe. ? 1.
— 9n.: ?e. 6.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aaaa?a I.I. Iaoiaeieia?y ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy aaioaaeieo ?
ianaaee?nueeeo ia?aaacaiue ia iniia? aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a
?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ooiieo ia’?eo?a cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii
niaoe?aeueiino? 05.22.08 — aenieoaoaoe?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo. —
Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
ia?aa?ciei i?ioeanii ia aac? noai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai
?ici?ciaaaiiy o?ainii?oieo cania?a. O ?iaio? ?icaeaa?oueny iiaee iai?yi
a iiaoaeia? iiae?aieo nenoai, caniiaaiee ia ai?iaaaeaeaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, i???ioiaaieo ia iacaieiai? o?ainii?oi?
iioiee. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie ?iaioe ? neioaciaai? i?eno?i?, ui
oi?iothoue ia?ac ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, ui eiio?ieth?oueny. Neioaciaaii
iioeiaeueiee ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio aiinoa??i?ii? ?iia??iino? i?eno??e
aecia/aiiy e?eueeino? eie?nieo ia? aaaii?a. ?icaeyiooa iaoiaeieia?y
canoinoaaiiy i?eno?i?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ia?aa?ciiai i?ioeano
a nenoaiao oi?aae?iiy ia?aaacaiiyie aeey ?aa?ii?a, iai?yi?a aei?iae,
ni?ooaaeueieo noaioe?e ? iao?iiie?oai?a. Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe
?iaioe ciaeoee i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? aaoiiaoeciaaii?
nenoaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aaaii?a ia Naeo?anuee?e e?i?? Oa?e?anueeiai
iao?iiie?oaio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ooiiee neeaae, ia?aa?ciee i?ioean, iiaaaiiia iiaeaeue,
neioac, ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, ia?ac.

THE SUMMARY

Aaaaaa M.M. A methodology of a supply with information cargo and
passenger traffic on the basis of automation of processes of
recognition(identification) of mobile objects of a railway
transportation. — Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the doctor of
engineering science on a speciality 05.22.08. — exploitation of a
railway transportation, — Kharkov state academy of a railway
transportation, Kharkov, 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to problems of perfecting of methods of
supervision by transportation process on the basis of creation of the
automated systems of identification of transportation facilitiess. In
activity the recent trend in construction of similar systems grounded on
an intrusion of information know-hows oriented on open-ended transport
flows develops. The algorithms of activity are offered and the devices
reshaping an image of a monitored carriage rolling stock are
synthesized.

The jamproof processing logics of output signals of dot travelling
sensors are designed and the device of quantifying of wheel pairs of
coaches is synthesized optimal by yardstick of a maximum of a posterior
probability. The methodology of applying of devices of a supply with
information of transportation process in management systems of
transportations for locales, directions of a road, marshalling yards and
undergrounds is reviewed. The main scientific outcomes of activity have
found operational use at an intrusion of the automated system of
identification of coaches on Naeoianeie of a line of the Kharkov
underground.

Key words: rolling stock, transportation process, carload model,
synthesis, identification, image.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aaaaaa I.I. Iaoiaeieiaey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey a?ociauo e
iannaaee?neeo ia?aaicie ia aaca aaoiiaoecaoeee i?ioeannia ?aniiciaaaiey
iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.08. – yenieoaoaoeey aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai
o?ainii?oa. — Oa?ueeianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai niaa?oainoaiaaiey iaoiaeia
aeeniao/a?neiai oi?aaeaiey ia?aaici/iui i?ioeannii ia aaca nicaeaiey
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiuo nenoai ?aniiciaaaiey o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa. A ?aaioa
?acaeaaaony iiaia iai?aaeaiea a iino?iaiee iiaeiaiuo nenoai, iniiaaiiia
ia aiaae?aiee eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee, i?eaioe?iaaiiuo ia iacaieiooua
o?ainii?oiua iioiee. I?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/aneia iaiauaiea e ?aoaia iao/iay
i?iaeaia eiiieaeniiai oniaa?oainoaiaaiey iaoiaeia e n?aaenoa iieo/aiey
aeaiiuo i iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoao, /oi iaania/eaaao aeiiieieoaeueiie e
aeinoiaa?iie eioi?iaoeeae aeaeaciiaei?iaeiua ia?aaicee. ?aoaia aaaeiay
ia?iaeiioicyenoaaiiay caaea/a, iai?aaeaiiay ia aeaeueiaeoaa iiauoaiea
aooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeannia eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey a?ociauo e
iannaaee?neeo ia?aaicie ia iaaeno?aeueiii o?ainii?oa Oe?aeiu.
?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeieiaey iino?iaiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiuo nenoai
?aniiciaaaiey iiaeaeaeiuo iauaeoia, ia o?aaothuay eciaiaiey
nouanoaothuae nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey ia?aaiceaie.

?ac?aaioaiu oai?aoe/aneea iniiau i?ioeannia iaaieoiie ia?ee?iaee
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiuo aaaiiia n oeaeueth oi?ie?iaaiey ia?aca
eiio?iee?oaiiai iauaeoa. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee i?ioeanna
iaia?oaeaiey eiio?iee?oaiiai iauaeoa. Iniaaiiinoueth i?aaeeaaaaiie
iaoiaeeee yaeyaony oi, /oi ia eieana iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa ia iaiinyony
iaaieoiua iaoee, a inouanoaeyaony eo iieiia ia?aiaaie/eaaiea. Yoi
iicaieyao nicaeaaaoue i?inoua ii eiino?oeoeee iaiaaie/eaaoaee e
nouanoaaiii oi?iuaao i?ioeann n/eouaaiey neaiaeia, iineieueeo
eioi?iaoeeiiiua niiauaiey ianao eieaniay ia?a, oaeaaeea eee aeaaea aaaii
a caaeneiinoe io i?eiyoie nenoaiu eiaee?iaaiey. ?ac?aaioaiu
aa?iyoiinoiua iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee eaeaioeoeeaoeee aaaiiiuo oaeaaeae.
I?aaeeiaeaiu aeai?eoiu ?aaiou e neioace?iaaiu ono?ienoaa, oi?ie?othuea
ia?ac eaeaioeoeoee?oaiiai iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa. Neioace?iaai
noaiioeiaeueiue aeai?eoi ?aaiou iiiaieaiaeueiiai ono?ienoaa
?aniiciaaaiey o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa. ?ac?aaioaiu oai?aoe/aneea iniiau
iino?iaiey iaeiieaiaeueiuo ?aniiciathueo nenoai aeey eaeaioeoeeaoeee
iiaeaeaeiuo ninoaaia. ?ac?aaioaiu aeai?eoiu ?aaiou e neioace?iaaiu
aaeaioeaiua iooaaua i?aia?aciaaoaee aeey n/eouaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
neaiaeia n eiio?iee?oaiuo iauaeoia.

Ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth i?aaeeaaaaiuo ono?ienoa yaeyaony eo
i?eaioaoeey ia ?aaioo a iaiieueiuo oneiaeyo, a eiaiii: enoiaeiia ?aai/aa
ninoiyiea n/eouaathueo ono?ienoa – io?aaioea yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo e
aoiinoa?iuo iiiao e o/ao eo a ?acoeueoaoao ecia?aiee; ecia?aiea
inouanoaeyaony oieueei ai a?aiy iaoiaeaeaiey iauaeoa a ciia eiio?iey,
i?e yoii ioeaaui o?iaiai ion/aoa yaeyaony o?iaaiue neaiaea, nicaeaaaaiue
noiia?iie iiiaoie; /oanoaeoaeueiinoue aeao/eeia iicaieyao onoaiaaeeaaoue
eo a ianoao, ia aeinooiiuo aeey iaoaie/aneeo iia?aaeaeaiee (?aciauaoue
iiae caieae, ?aciineoue io aieiaee ?aeuena ia ?annoiyiea 0,25 SYMBOL
184 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? 1 i a caaeneiinoe io ?aaoee?iaee i?eaiieeia);
aiciiaeiinoue ?aaeoeee n/eouaathueo ono?ienoa ia ianno aaaiia. Yoi
iicaieyao nicaeaaaoue ono?ienoaa ?aniiciaaaiey aeeeiiiaaciuo aaaiiia,
eiio?iey caiieiaiey iooae iiaeai?i/iuo ia?eia ni?oe?iai/iuo ai?ie aac
eniieueciaaiey ?aeueniauo oeaiae, ii?aaeaeaiey «ieii» a nenoaiao
eiio?iey caiieiaiey iooae e ae?.

?ac?aaioaiu iiiaoicaueuaiiua aeai?eoiu ia?aaioee auoiaeiuo neaiaeia
oi/a/iuo iooaauo aeao/eeia e neioace?iaaii iioeiaeueiia ii e?eoa?eth
iaeneioia aiinoa?ei?iie aa?iyoiinoe ono?ienoai ii?aaeaeaiey eiee/anoaa
eieaniuo ia? aaaiiia. Neioace?iaaiu aeai?eoiu ?aniiciaaaiey
eiio?iee?oaiuo iauaeoia, ?aaeeciaaiu aaeaioeaiua iooaaua ono?ienoaa
n/eouaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo neaiaeia, a oaeaea noaiioeiaeueiua
iaia?oaeeoaee, inouanoaeythuea eiiieaene?iaaiea i?eieiaaiuo neaiaeia eae
ii aoiaeai oae e ii auoiaeai. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa aa?iyoiinoe
ioeaee iaia?oaeaiey eiio?iee?oaiiai iauaeoa. I?iecaaaeaia ioeaiea
yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou iiiaoicaueuaiiuo i?eaiieeia eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
neaiaeia e iieo/aiu iaoaiaoe/aneea au?aaeaiey, ii?aaeaeythuea iieacaoaee
ea/anoaa iaia?oaeaiey. Auiieiaia n?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea ea/anoaa
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ?ac?aaioaiiuo ono?ienoa ?aniiciaaaiey.

?anniio?aia iaoiaeieiaey i?eiaiaiey ono?ienoa eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
iaania/aiey ia?aaici/iiai i?ioeanna a nenoaiao oi?aaeaiey ia?aaiceaie
aeey ?aaeiiia, iai?aaeaiee aei?iae, ni?oe?iai/iuo noaioeee e
iao?iiieeoaiia. Auiieiaii oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneia iainiiaaiea
yooaeoeaiinoe aiaae?aiey ono?ienoa ?aniiciaaaiey o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa.
Iniiaiua iao/iua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?aeoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea i?e
aiaae?aiee aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaiu eaeaioeoeeaoeee aaaiiia ia
Naeoianeie eeiee Oa?ueeianeiai iao?iiieeoaia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaeaeaeiie ninoaa, ia?aaici/iue i?ioeann, iiaaaiiiay
iiaeaeue, neioac, eaeaioeoeeaoeey, ia?ac.

aaaa?a Ieoaeei Ieoaeeiae/

Iaoiaeieia?y ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy aaioaaeieo oa ianaaee?nueeeo
ia?aaacaiue ia iniia? aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ooiieo
ia’?eo?a cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo

05.22.08 — Aenieoaoaoe?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione Oa?/aiei E.O.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 14.10.99 ?.

Oi?iao iaia?o 60o84 1/16. Iai?? ionaoiee.

Oiiai.-ae?oe.a?e. 2,0. Iae.-aeae.a?e. 2,25.

Caiiaeaiiy ? 270 . Oe?aae 100.

Aeaeaaie/ee eiiieaen Oa?AeACOo,

310050, Oa?e?a-50, ie. Oae??aaoa, 7.

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