Методи оцінки тріщиностійкості та довговічності залізобетонних елементів конструкцій: Автореф. дис… д-ра техн. наук / Й.Й. Лучко, НАН України. Фіз.-

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

O?ceei-iaoai?/iee ?inoeooo ?i. A.A. Ea?iaiea

OAeE. 539.3.620.0.12

Eo/ei

Einei Eineiiae/

Iaoiaee ioe?iee o??ueiino?eeino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? cae?ciaaoiiieo
aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e

01.02.04 — Iaoai?ea aeaoi?i?aiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiyaeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a-1999Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o O?ceei-iaoai?/iiio ?inoeooo? ?i. A.A. Ea?iaiea IAI
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio – /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?
oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aiae?aee?a Ieaenaiae? ?aaaiiae/,
O?ceei-iaoai?/iee ?inoeooo ?i. A.A. Ea?iaiea IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?Noaaeiee Ie?ii
Ieoaeeiae/, Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee e?nioaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeui? iaoaiaoeee, i. Euea?a;

— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoeAanooi Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/, Ee?anueeee
ciiaeueiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? aei?iaoaaiue, i. Ee?a;

— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ai?aeaoeue Aiaaeai A?eai?iae/,
Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e oa iino?a, i.Euea?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ?inoeooo i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai iaoai?ee ? iaoaiaoeee
?i. ss.N.I?aeno?eaa/a IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Euea?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “1” aa?aciy 2000 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae35.226.02 O?ceei-iaoai?/iiai ?inoeoooo
?i. A.A. Ea?iaiea IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 79601, Euea?a, INI, aoe.
Iaoeiaa, 5 .

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? O?ceei-iaoai?/iiai
?inoeoooo ?i. A.A. Ea?iaiea IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 79601, Euea?a,
INI, aoe. Iaoeiaa, 5 .

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28” a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A.I. Ieeeoi?/ei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioeCaaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/ani? aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe?ei? iaoa??aee e
eiino?oeoe?? noeeuei?, ye a?aeiii, aei e?eoeiai ?oeioaaiiy, oiaoi aei
?oeioaaiiy oeyoii iioe?aiiy aeaoaeo?a oeio o??uei. I?ioean ?oeioaaiiy a
oaeeo iaoa??aeao ia i?ioiaeeoue ieoo?ai. A?ae iiiaioo ooai?aiiy o??ueie
? aei ii/aoeo ?? e?eoe/iiai ?inoo ieia? iaaiee /an. sse na?ae/eoue
i?aeoeea aenieoaoaoe?? aoaeeie?a ? i?iieneiaeo nii?oae, ia??aeei
?aaeaiaioiaai? oiiae ?iaioe nii?oaee ii?ooothoueny /a?ac in?aeaiiy
??oio?a oa ae?th ?ioeo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo /eiiee?a. I?ae ?o aieeaii
iiaeooue i?iyoeny ?iai/a noaia nii?oaee, aeieeaoe aeiaeaoeia?
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe??
iai?oaeaiue a aeaiaioao ? iiyaith oa ?inoii o??uei. Aeey caiia?aaiiy
aaa??eiiai noaio eiino?oeoe?? a oaeeo aeiaaeeao iio??aia iaae?eia
iaoiaeeea ioe?iee i?eaeaoiino? eiino?oeoe?? aei iiaeaeueoi?
aenieoaoaoe??. A?aeii? ia aeaiee /an iaoiaeeee ia caaeiaieueiythoue
iio?aa ?iaeaia?ii? i?aeoeee. Ioaea, i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/iino? ?
iaae?eiino? no/aniiai i?iieneiaiai oa oeea?eueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa, c
iaeiiai aieo, i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaiao?aeiino? eiai aenieoaoaoe?? a
oiiaao, iaaeeaeaieo aei a?aie/ieo, a c ?ioiai – aeiaaa? aeinoaoiuei
aea??aieo iaoiaeee ioe?iee aeaoi?iaoeaiino? ? o??ueiino?eeino?
aeine?aeaeoaaii? eiino?oeoe?? c iaoith nai?/aniiai aeyaeaiiy e?eoe/ieo
neooaoe?e oa caiia?aaiiy ?oeioaaiith. Oiio aaaeeeaith e aeooaeueiith
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?iaeaiith noa? ?ic?iaea iaae?eieo iaoiae?a
aecia/aiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio (IAeN) cae?ciaaoiiieo
aaeeiaeo (CA) aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e, a oaeiae ?o i?oeiino? oa
aeiaaia?/iino? cie?aia c iiceoe?e o??ueiino?eeino? iaoa??ae?a.

Cia/iee aeeaae o ?icaeoie oai??? ?ic?aooieo oa ae?aaiinoeee aaoiiieo ?
CA eiino?oeoe?e aianee iaoeia? eieaeoeae, ye? i/ieththoue a Oe?a?i?
aeieoi?e iaoe, i?ioani?e Aiae?aee?a I.?., Aa?aoeeia A.ss., Aaaeaiia
TH.I., Aaae/ ?.I., Aanooi A.I., Aaoiaiei I.O., Aicianainueeee A.A.,
Ai?aeaoeue A.A., Aieeoaa I.A., Eai?inueeee A.I., Eeeiaiei O.?., Ee?iia
TH.A., Eia/ee N.?., Eieyeia I.I.,Inaae/oe A.A., I?eianueeee TH.?.,
Iaianthe A.A., I?/oa?i N.O., ?oneiei E.I., Naaeoeueeee I.A., Naieoeueeee
I.A., Noaaeiee I.I., Oaa?i I.E., *a?iyanueeee E.A., Oiieoey E.I.,
ss?aiaiei I.O. oa ?io?, a ?in?enuee?e Oaaea?aoe??: Aaeeia A.I.,
Aiiaea?aiei A.I., Aaneeue?a I.?., Aoca?a ?.I., Cae?nia A.N., Caeoeaa
TH.A., Ea?iaiei I.?., Ieoaeeia E.A., Ia?aneie?i ?.I., I??aaeia E.A. oa
?io?; a ?ioeo e?a?iao: Bazant Z.P., Elices M., Glucklich I., Corley
W.G., Helvorsen G.T., Hillerborg A., Ingraffea A., Kudzys A., Kvedaras
A., Mindess S., Moritz K., Neville A.M., Peterson P.E., Prigann N.,
Prokopski G.,Russel H., Virlogeux M., Wittmann F.H., Jawor T., Wemer F.
oa ?io?.

I?ioa, iacaaaeath/e ia aeineoue aaeeeo e?euee?noue iaoeiaeo oe?e, ye?
caeiathoueny aeine?aeaeaiiyi aaoiiieo oa CA eiino?oeoe?e, iaae?eieo
iaoiae?a ioe?iee i?oeiino?, o??ueiino?eeino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? oaeeo
eiino?oeoe?e c o?aooaaiiyi o??ueiino?eeino? iaiaeii??aeieo iaoa??ae?a,
ui ? oa?aeoa?iei aeey aaoiiieo ? CA eiino?oeoe?e, i?aeoe/ii ua ia
?ica’ycaii.

?aoa?iaaia ?iaioa i?enay/aia ae??oaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iaeaie,
nooue yei? iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a ioe?iee o??ueiino?eeino? oa
aeiaaia?/iino? CA aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e.

A?aoiaoth/e iaaaaeaia, a oaeiae ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, uia ?ic?iaeoe e iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee ioe?iee
o??ueiino?eeino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? cae?ciaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e
i?e noaoe/ieo iaaaioaaeaiiyo caeiii c o?aooaaiiyi oiia c/aieaiiy
a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ?ica’ycaoe oae? iniiai?
eiiieaeni? iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? caaaeaiiy:

– anoaiiaeoe e?eoa??? ?icaeoeo o??uei o ?icoyaioo?e cii? cae?ciaaoiiieo
aeaiaio?a ? ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee aecia/aiiy o??ueiino?eeino? oa
aeaoi?iaoeaiino? cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo aeaiaio?a i?e ei?ioei/aniiio e
aeiaaio?eaaeiio noaoe/iiio iaaaioaaeaii?;

– ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a o??ueiino?eeino? aeey
aaeeiaiai cae?ciaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa c o??ueiith i?e ei?ioei/aniiio caei?,
a?aoiaoth/e oiiae c/aieaiiy noa?aeiaai? a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii;

– ii?aoethaaoe iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a o??ueiiooai?aiiy
aiane?aeie iiaco/ino? e onaaeee aaoiio i?e aeiaaio?eaaeiio iaaaioaaeaii?
cae?ciaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a;

– ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue c/aieaiiy i?ae
a?iaoo?ith ? aaoiiii oa iiaeaeue i?ioeano aca?iiae?? noa?aeiaai?
a?iaoo?e ia??iaee/iiai i?io?eth (eenoiai?) ? aaoiio a cae?ciaaoiiieo ?
noaeaaaoiiieo e?i?eieo aeaiaioao eiino?oeoe?e;

– ?ic?aooaaoe ?ice?eooy o??uei (?O) oa ??no ?o aeiaaeei i?e
aeiaaio?eaaeiio iaaaioaaeaii? aaeeiaiai aeaiaioa;

– iioei?coaaoe iaoiaeeeo aei?iaoaaiue aaoiiieo c?ace?a c iaae??caie aeey
aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee o??ueiino?eeino?, a oiio /ene? e ei?ic?eii?
no?eeino? a?iaoo?e ? aaoiio, aacaeueoiaaoiio, aacaeueoioeaeiaaoiio;

– ?ic?iaeoe c iiceoe?e oai??? iioe?aiiy o??uei iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo
?ano?no cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo aeaiaio?a (c o??ueiaie oa aac ieo)
a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia aoae?aaeueieo ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a (AI?I
2.03.01-84);

– cae?enieoe ai?iaaoe?th cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy i?oeiino?,
o??ueiino?eeino?, aeaoi?iaoeaiino? oa ?ano?no eiino?oeoe?e oeyoii
ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a c iiceoe?e iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo;

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? oaiaie. ?iaioo
aeeiioaaee a ?aieao eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o c
i?iaeaie “Aoae?aaeueia iaoai?ea” (1.10.3) o 1986-1990 ??.
caaaeueiinithcii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iaeaie 0.55.01.035 “?ic?iaea oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e ?c o?a?iaaoiio”; oe?a?inueeeo
i?ia?ai — «?ic?iaea iaoiae?a caaacia/aiiy aeiaaio?eaaei? i?oeiino?,
ei?ic?eii? no?eeino? i?aniaaieo c’?aeiaiue a?iaoo?ieo noa?aei?a o
cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?yo» — IN.008.93; ?ic?iaea AeNO “Aaoiie.
Iaoiaee aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee o??ueiino?eeino? i?e noaoe/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiiyo» — ???-93-94; «?ic?iaea iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino?
oa ei?ic?eii? no?eeino? cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e oa oaoiieia?? ?o
?aiiioo” — AeEIO 5.52.01/018-92; «?ic?iaea iaoiae?a aeey ioe?iee
o??ueiino?eeino? ? aeiaaia?/iino? eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a i?e
oeeee?/iiio ? aeeiai?/iiio iaaaioaaeaiiyo» — ?A-12/170.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. 1. Ia i?aenoaa? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue no/anii? iaoai?ee
?oeioaaiiy iaoa??ae?a cai?iiiiiaaii e?eoa??? ?icaeoeo o??uei
ii?iaeueiiai a?ae?eao o cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo aeaiaioao eiino?oeoe?e
?c noa?aeiaaith oa eenoiaith a?iaoo?ith, c o?aooaaiiyi c/aieaiiy
a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii oa a?aeoa?oaaiiy aaoiio a?ae noa?aei?a aai
a?iaoo?iiai eenoa.

2. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue ?icaeoeo o??uei a cae?ciaaoiiiiio aeaiaio? i?e
aeiaaio?eaaeiio iaaaioaaeaii?. A?aei?ii?noue ?? a?ae o?aaeeoe?eii?
iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e ca iniiao acyoi ?iai/ee noai eiino?oeoe??, a ia
a?aie/iee, ?icaeyiooi oeyoe ia?aoiaeo eiai o a?aie/iee noai (ca ?aooiie
?icaeoeo o??uei ye iniiaiiai iin?y i?ioeano ?oeioaaiiy).

3. Aecia/aii aieea no?oeoo?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee cae?ciaaoiio ia
o??ueiiooai?aiiy: i?e aeiaaio?eaaeiio caei? a?iiaaieo aeaiaio?a, ui
c’?aeiai? iaoeniooeie a?euecaie.

4. ?ic?iaeaii iiao iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo
aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia aoae?aaeueieo ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaio?a, yea a?aoiao? oa?aeoa?enoeee o??ueiino?eeino? aaoiio.

5. Ii?aoeueiaaii iiao iaoiaeeeo eiio?ieth ca ?ice?eooyi oa ?inoii
o??ueie o cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo aeaiaioao i?e caei?.

6. ?ic?iaeaii iiao iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ?iciiae?eo aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue
c/aieaiiy i?ae a?iaoo?ith ? aaoiiii o cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo aeaiaioao
i?e ??cieo aeaeao iaaaioaaeaiiy oa iiaeaeue i?ioeano noi?nii? ?iaioe
eenoiai? a?iaoo?e e aaoiio. Aeine?aeaeaii c/aieaiiy i?ae aaoiiii oa
a?iaoo?ieie noa?aeiyie, ui c’?aeiai? iaoeniooeie a?euecaie a
cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo aeaiaioao, aea/aii eiai aieeae ia i?oei?noue,
aei?noe?noue ? i?iaei aaeie, ia ?ice?eooy ii?iaeueieo ? iioeeeo o??uei
oa iiiaio ooai?aiiy o??uei.

7. ?ic?iaeaii oaiiiaiieia?/io iiaeaeue ei?ic?eii? aeaa?aaeaoe??
oeaiaioieo eiiaeiia?ao?a (oeio aaoiio) c o?aooaaiiyi no?oeoo?e oa
o?ceei-o?i?/ii? niaoeeo?ee ei?ic?eiiai ?oeioaaiiy (aeeoaeaiiy, iai?ii?
o?i?/i? ?aaeoe??, e?enoae?caoe?y nieae). Io?eiaii caaeia?eueia
ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ic?aooie?a c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie ? ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth aeeaeie ei?ic?eieo iioeiaeaeaiue aaoiio
a ??aeeeo aa?aneaieo na?aaeiaeuao.

8. A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae oa oa?aeoa?enoee o??ueiino?eeino? iioei?ciaaii neeaaee
iiaiai aeaeo aaoiio, aacaeueoiaaoiio, aacaeueoicieioeaeiaaoiio oa
anoaiiaeaii, ui aaaaeaiiy a?oaiai aacaeueoiaiai aieieia o aaoiiio noi?o
nooo?ai i?aeaeuo? o??ueiino?ee?noue aaoiio.

9. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee oei c’?aeiaiiy a?iaoo?ieo noa?aei?a ca
aeiiiiiaith ii?aniaoaaiiy a?euec. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaeni? oai?aoe/i? oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oeiino?, o??ueiino?eeino? ?
aeaoi?iaoeaiino? aaeeiaeo (aaeie, iaoo?ieo ieeo ia?ae?eooy)
cae?ciaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e, a?iiaaieo oaeeie noa?aeiyie, i?e
ei?ioei/aniiio oa aeiaaio?eaaeiio iaaaioaaeaii?.

10. ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? canaaee oa iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy IAeN
cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e c o??ueiaie i?e
ei?ioei/aniiio noaoe/iiio iaaaioaaeaii? a ?aieao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-iiaeae?. Oea aeaei
iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe eiiiiiaioe iai?oaeaiue o ieeo? oa no?ioe? a
aaeeao oaa?iaiai ia?a??co, ui ni?e/eiai? ae??th aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue.

Aeinoia??i?noue oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a,
aeeeaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe??, i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia eaai?aoi?ieo c?aceao oa iaoo?ieo
eiino?oeoe?yo, a oaeiae ii??aiyiiyi ?o o ?yae? aeiaaee?a c e?oa?aoo?ieie
aeaieie.

A aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeei?enoaii iaoiaee iaoai?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iaoa??ae?a ? eiino?oeoe?e a?aeiia?aeii aei ?nioth/eo
noaiaea?o?a: aeonoe/ii? ai?n??, iaoaeia?ao??, oaiciiao???, iioe/ii?
i?e?ineii?? e oeueo?acaoeiai? aeaoaeoia?ao?? oa noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. 1. ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee
o??ueiino?eeino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? aaoiiieo ? cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo
eiino?oeoe?e, yeee iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey ioe?iee i?oeiino?
aoae?aaeueieo cae?ciaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e. Io?eiai? a ?iaio?
caeaaeiino? iiaeia canoinoaaoe i?e ?ica’ycaii? eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue
uiaei i?oeiino? eiino?oeoe?e ?c aaaeeeo oa eaaeeo aaoii?a, neaai ?
neeueii a?iiaaieo, cae/aeieo ? iiia?aaeiuei iai?oaeaieo, ?c c/aieaiiyi
a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii aai aac c/aieaiiy.

2. Iieacaii, ui aaaaeaiiy a?oaiai aacaeueoiaiai aieieia ? i?ini/aiiy
aaoiio aioeei?ic?eiei ?ic/eiii cia/ii i?aeaeuothoue o??ueiino?ee?noue
aaoiio.

3. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea eiio?ieth ca ?inoii o??ueie o ?icoyaioo?e cii?
oa ?? ?ice?eooyi ia iiaa?oi? cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo aeaiaio?a, ui ia?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey aeenoaioe?eiiai eiio?ieth ca ?icaeoeii o??uei o
iaoo?ieo eiino?oeoe?yo, ciaioo? o?oaeii?noe?noue eaai?aoi?ieo
aei?iaoaaiue.

4. Io?eiaii iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ye?
caaacia/othoue iiaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy ?ano?no cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo
aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e ia iniia? aeaieo i?i ?aaeei iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
aeaiaio, aaiiao?e/i? oa i?oei?noi? oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoiio e a?iaoo?e,
o??ueiino?ee?noue aaoiio, oiiae c/aieaiiy a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii, iiaco/ino?
oa onaaeee aaoiio.

5. Aecia/ai? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?iaoo?ieo noa?aei?a, ui
c’?aeiai? iaoeniooeie a?euecaie, oa eiino?oeoe??, a?iiaaii? oaeeie
noa?aeiyie. Oe? aeai? noaiiaeyoue iniiao aeey i?iaeooaaiiy eiino?oeoe?e
c oaeei a?ioaaiiyi oa iaa?oioiaothoue aeioe?euei?noue ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
o i?aeoeeo aoae?aieoeoaa.

6. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth aeeaeie ei?ic?eieo
iioeiaeaeaiue aaoiio, ui aeicaiey? a ?iaeaia?i?e i?aeoeoe? i?iaiaeeoe
?ic?aooiee iaae?eiino? oa ei?ic?eii? no?eeino? aaoiio e cae?ciaaoiio,
i?aeaeuoaaoe oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee, a oaeiae canoinoaaoe a?aeiia?aei?
oaoiieia?? ?aiiioo aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e, i?iaiicoaaoe ?ano?n ?o
iiaeaeueoi? aenieoaoaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoai? aeey:

— noai?aiiy ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe?? c aecia/aiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee o??ueiino?eeino? aaoiio i?e noaoe/iiio iaaaioaaeaii?
(I?iaeo aea?aenoaiaea?oo Oe?a?ie);

— aeioneo Aea?aeaaiiai noaiaea?oo 29167-91 «Aaoiiu. Iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey
o?aueiinoieeinoe (ayceinoe) ?ac?ooaiey i?e noaoe/aneie iaa?ocea».
I.:Ainnoaiaea?o, 1991.-18n.

— ?ic?iaee oa inai?iiy aeioneo cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e ?c
canoinoaaiiyi aacaeueoiaiai aieieia ? oeae?a (“Caea?iaoaoae”,
«Euea?aiaeaa?ii?iiaoae»);

— i?aeaioiaee iaoiaeee aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oeiino? iaiaeae aeey no?i oa
ia?ae?eooy, aeeth/ath/e ?ic?iaeo noaiae?a aeey aei?iaoaaiiy aaeeiaeo
eiino?oeoe?e (aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai) “Caea?iaocae?ciaaoii”;

— ?ic?iaee iiaiai oeio c’?aeiaiue a?iaoo?ieo noa?aei?a aeey
cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e (“Caea?iaocae?ciaaoii”,
“Euea?acae?ciaaoii”).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia 36 iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo, neiiic?oiao ? nai?ia?ao, o oiio /ene? ia ?? Ananithciiio
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio nai?ia?? “Iaeeane/i? i?iaeaie iaoai?ee eiiiiceoe?eieo
iaoa??ae?a ? eiino?oeoe?e c ieo” (ss?ai/a, 1984); ?? Ananithciiio
neiiic?oi? c iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy “O??ueiino?ee?noue iaoa??ae?a ?
aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e” (AEeoiie?, 1985); ?? Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe??
“Iaoai?ea ?oeioaaiiy iaoa??ae?a” (Euea?a, 1987); ?, ??, ???
I?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oiao “Iaoai?ea ? o?ceea ?oeioaaiiy aoae?aaeueieo
iaoa??ae?a oa eiino?oeoe?e” (Oaeai?iae, 1988; Euea?a-Aeoaeyie, 1996;
Ioea/aaa, 1998); Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?oei?noue
oa oaiia?aoo?ia o??ueiino?ee?noue nii?oae” (Ia?aa, 1988); Ananithci?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaiicoaaiiy i?oeiino? ? aeaoi?iaoeaiino? aaoiio ?
cae?ciaaoiio iaoiaeaie iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy” (Naaanoiiieue, 1988);
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe
? aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e”
(Euea?a, 1989); ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aaeineiiaeaiiy cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e, ye? i?aoeththoue ia
neeaaei? aeaee aeaoi?iaoe?e, ? ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aoae?aaeueio
i?aeoeeo” (Iieoaaa, 1989); VIII Ananithci?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Ei?ic?y ? caoeno aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e i?iieneiaeo
aoaeeie?a ? nii?oae” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1990); VI Ananithciiio neiiic?oi?
“I?oei?noue iaoa??ae?a oa aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e i?e neeaaeiiio
iai?oaeaiiio noai?” (Naaanoiiieue, 1992); ? I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi?
oe?a?inueeeo ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a (Euea?a, 1993); I?aeia?iaeiiio
neiiic?oi? “Iaoiaee aeene?aoieo iniaeeainoae o caaea/ao iaoaiaoe/ii?
o?ceee” (Oa?e?a, 1993); VIII I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoai?ea
?oeioaaiiy, oni?oe oa i?iaeaie – IE?-8” (Ee?a, 1994); I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe??-aenoaaoe? “I?iaeaie ei?ic?? oa i?ioeei?ic?eiiai caoenoo
eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a – Ei?ic?y-94” (Euea?a, 1994); I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 125-e ??/ieoe? aoae?aaeueiiai oaeoeueoaoo AeO
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” (Euea?a, 1997); on the 6th International
Expertcentrum Conference (Tatras, 1997); on the sixth International
Scientific Conference (Kosice, 1997); ?? I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
«Iaoai?ea ?oeioaaiiy iaoa??ae?a ? i?oei?noue eiino?oeoe?e» (Euea?a,
1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. C i?iaeai, aeine?aeaeaiieo o aeena?oaoe??, iioae?eiaaii 70
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ?c yeeo 50 neeaee ?? iniiao, a oiio /ene? 3
iiiia?ao??, 7 iaeiiiniaiaeo oa 25 ni?eueieo noaoae o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo
ca??ieeao oa aeo?iaeao, 1 aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai, 3 i?ai?eioe,
i?aeaioiaeaii e aeaeaii 5 ii?iaoeaieo ? iaoiaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O iiiia?ao?yo [2, 3] noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/i? ?iaioe e aiae?c io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiue i?e aeiaaio?eaaeeo
iaaaioaaeaiiyo. A ?iaioao [4, 5, 8, 22, 23, 24, 31, 32, 37, 41, 46, 48,
50] ?ica’ycaa caaea/?, aeeiiaa aiae?oe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa cae?eniea
?aae?caoe?th iaoiaeee ia aaoiiieo oa cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?yo. O
i?aoeyo [6, 9, 10, 19, 20, 21, 27, 28, 29, 30, 38, 43, 46]
noi?ioeueiaaii caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo
?ic?aooieo i?oeiino?, o??ueiino?eeino?, aeaoi?iaoeaiino? oa i?iaaaeaii
(ni?eueii) aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e.
?iaioe [33, 34] — iinoaiiaea e ?ica’ycie caaea/?, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a.
Aeey i?aoeue [36, 45] ?ic?iaea eiino?oeoe?th noaiaea, aeeiiaa caaaeuei?
e?aneaiiy oa aiae?c ?oei?aieo ? ia?oei?aieo iaoiae?a aei?iaiaoaaiue.
Ioae?eaoe?? [35, 39, 42, 47] — oaoiieia?y, aenia?eiaioe, aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a.

A ?iaioao [7, 11, 25, 26] cai?iiiioaaa iiaeaeue oa ?ic?iaea iaoiae
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iiaea?i?coaaa iaoiae aei??thaaiiy
aeiaaeeie o??ueie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
iaeeiaaeoeyoe ?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ?
aeiaeaoe?a, a yeeo i?aaenoaaeai? aeieoiaioe, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 368 noi??iie
iaoeiiieno (iniiaiee ci?no 285, 117 ?ethnoaoe?e oa 38 oaaeeoeue). O
a?ae?ia?ao?? cacia/aii 372 iaeiaioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae.

Ci?no ?iaioeCi?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoo ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, ?icaeyiooi oeyoe ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaii?
i?iaeaie, aeeeaaeaii nooue ?acoeueoao?a, c’yniaaii ?o iaoeiao iiaecio ?
i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue, a oaeiae a??ia?aei?noue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaii a?aeii? oai?aoe/i? e aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?oeioaaiue eiino?oeoe?eieo aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a:
aaoiio, aaoiiieo ? cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e. Iniaeeao oaaao
i?eae?eaii ?nioth/ei iiaeaeyi i?ioean?a ?oeioaaiiy, iaoiaeai aecia/aiiy
o??ueiino?eeino? aaoii?a, ioe?iee iano/i? caeaoiino?, o??ueiino?eeino? ?
aeaoi?iaoeaiino? cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e c iiceoe?? iaoai?ee
cae?ciaaoiio oa iaoai?ee eiai ?oeioaaiiy. Iaaaaeaii iniiai? noaie
iiaeaethaaiiy o??uei o aaoii? oa noaie aei?iaoaaiiy aaoiiieo c?ace?a c
iaae??caie. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue ? aiae?co e?oa?aooieo aeaea?ae
c?iaeaii aeniiaee, a yeeo iieacaii ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee ??cieo iaoiaeee
oa eiioeaioe?e, iaa?oioiaaii i?iaeaio aeinyaiaiiy ?aeeii?
iaoiaeieia?/ii? ioe?iee o??ueiino?eeino? cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e ?c
canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy aei cae?ciaaoiio. Iaoa??aee
oeueiai ?icae?eo iioae?eiaaii a i?aoeyo [1, 3, 12].

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeai? oa aaeineiiaeai? ?nioth/? iaoiaeeee
aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo ia?aiao??a iiaeaeae aaoiio ? cae?ciaaoiio [1,
8, 11, 15, 26, 33, 42, 47, 48, 49, 50]. Aeeeaaeaii ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/?
aeey cae?ciaaoiiiiai a’yceii?oaeiiai iaoa??aeo, yeei ? aaoii, oa
caeaaeiino?, ye? iienothoue ?iciiae?e iai?oaeaiue iiaeeco aa?oeie
o??ueie a aaoii?. Ii?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aeaoi?iaoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee o??ueiino?eeino? aaoiio (?en. 1, oi?ioea 1) i?e caei?. I?e
o?eoi/eiaiio caei? aaoiiiiai c?acea i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai oi/ii aei??yoe
?ice?eooy o aa?oei? o??ueie, aea a?aeiinii i?inoi aei??yoe ?ice?eooy
o??ueie ia iiaa?oi? c?acea V. Ca?aeii ?c i?eeiyoith noaiith (?en. 1),
aeey aaee/eie ?ice?eooy o??ueie a?ey aa?oeie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 io?eio?ii caeaaei?noue

picscalex100010009000003bb0100000300120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c004800d1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb4ffffff400d0000740400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000000110000000fb02abfd0901000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320aa601dd0501000000280010000000fb02abfd09010000
00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000
08000000320aa601e00901000000290010000000fb02abfd090100000000900100000002
0002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a1704
260701000000280010000000fb02abfd0901000000009001000000020002001053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a1704290b010000002900
09000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d0100000500000014025002ab03
0500000013025002a80b12000000fb0240fe000000000000900101000000040200204b75
6472696173686f760000040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320ac002d20b
01000000560008000000320a1b041f0a01000000610008000000320a1b049b0701000000
620008000000320a1b044f0601000000720008000000320a1b04bd030100000061000800
0000320aaa01d60801000000610008000000320aaa01520601000000620008000000320a
aa01060501000000720012000000fb02e0fe000000000000900101000000040200204b75
6472696173686f760000040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a30031501
01000000620010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c
0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a1b04dd08010000002d000800
0000320a1b040605010000002b0008000000320aaa019407010000002d0008000000320a
c0024602010000003d0008000000320ac00232000100000064000a00000026060f000a00
ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379
7374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000, (1)

aea a — aeiaaeeia o??ueie, a r — ei?o?oe??io iiai?ioo [1, 42].

E??i oe??? iaoiaeeee aoee aeei?enoai? ? a?aeii? iaoiaeeee aeey
aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee o??ueiino?eeino? aaoii?a. Aeeeaaeaia iaoiaeeea
aeey aea/aiiy o??ueiino?eeino? aaoiio ca oiia neeaaeiiai iai?oaeaiiai
noaio. I?e oeueiio anoaiiaeai? cia/aiiy E?N, E???N [48].

Iath/e oa?aeoa?enoeee o??ueiino?eeino? aaoiio, eiai
a?aie/ii-??aiiaaaeiee noai i?e neeaaeiiio iaaaioaaeaii? aecia/aee ca
oi?ioeith
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 (2)

Ei?enooth/enue oi?ioeith (1) aecia/eee [47] oaeiae aeiaaeeio ciie
ia?aae?oeioaaiiy d=ap-a a?ey aa?oeie o??ueie, yea aaaaea?oueny
iino?eiith aaee/eiith aeey a?aeiia?aeii? ia?ee aaoiio. Ia ?en. 2
iaaaaeai? a?ao?ee o??ueiino?eeino?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 aeey aaoii?a, a?iiaaieo
aacaeueoiaeie aieieiaie. Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo, iaaaaeaieo ia ?en. 2,
iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie: aaaaeaiiy a?oaiai aacaeueoiaiai aieieia a
aaoiiio noi?o a?ae/ooii i?aeaeuo? o??ueiino?ee?noue aaoiio, i?e oeueiio
aeaoi?iaoe?eiee ia?aiao?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 aeey ia?ee aaoiio A15
c?inoa? ia 15%, aeey A20 – ia 20%, a aeiaaeeia ciie ia?aae?oeioaaiiy a
ieie? aa?oeie o??ueie nooo?ai ciaioo?oueny.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iiaeaethaaiiy noi?nii? ?iaioe aaoiio oa
a?iaoo?e e aea/aii aieea c/aieaiiy o aaeeiaeo aeaiaioao ia ?o
i?oei?noue, o??ueiino?ee?noue oa aeaoi?iaoeai?noue [1, 30, 31, 43].
?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue i?ioeano aca?iiae?? aaoiio oa a?iaoo?e a aeaiaioao
noaeaaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e i?e noaoe/ieo iaaaioaaeaiiyo [20, 21]
anoaiiaeai? ?ic?aooieia? oi?ioee aeey ia/eneaiiy eiao?oe??ioa
?ioaineaiino? iai?oaeaiue (E?I) iiia?a/iiai cnoao ia iaae? ?icae?eo
aaoii-a?iaoo?a c ii?ooaiiyi uaieaiiy (iayai?noue aeaoaeoo oeia o??ueie).

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ?iciiae?eo aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue i?ae
a?iaoo?ith ? aaoiiii o cae?ciaaoiii?e aaeoe? i?e ??cieo aeaeao
iaaaioaaeaiiy. Aaeea ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aeaa ?cio?iii? e?i?eii i?oaei?
oa iaeii??aei? o?ea 1 ? 2 (?en. 3a) c iaeiaeiaei iiaeoeai i?oaeiino? A ?
eiao?oe??ioii Ioanniia
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff3e00000020010000be0100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a20013200010000006e000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000. Ia?oa (ieaei?)
o?ei ia? aenioo h, ae?oaa (aa?oi?) — aenioo H-h. I?ae ieie ?ici?uaia
a?iaoo?a, eio?a iiaeaeth?oueny ye i?oaeia nioaa. I?e oeueiio aaaaea?ii,
ui ia eiioaeo? ia?oiai o?ea e a?iaoo?e (a oaeiae ae?oaiai o?ea c
a?iaoo?ith) ae?thoue iaia?a?ai? eiiiiiaioe iai?oaeaiue ?y ? ?xy ?
eiiiiiaioe ia?ai?uaiue u ? v a?aeiinii inae X ? Y. Ine?eueee aenioa
a?iaoo?e iaaaaaoi iaioa a?ae ?ici???a I ? h, oi oe? oiiae caienothoue
i?e y=h, oiaoi iayai?noue a?ioth/iai oa?o a?aeia?aaea?oueny o?eueee o
a?aie/ieo oiiaao aeey o?e 1 ? 2.

Ieaeiy e?iiea aaeee a?eueia a?ae iai?oaeaiue, ia aa?oith ae??
?iciiae?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy P(x). Ia oi?oeyo aaeee ii?iaeuei? iai?oaeaiiy
?(x) a?aenooi?, a iayai?noue iii? iaoiiaeth?oueny iaia?aae iaa?aeiieie
iai?oaeaiiyie ?xy.

Ia a?aieoe? c’?aeiaiiy ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai o?ea c a?iaoo?ith
aeeiiothoueny oiiae ?aeaaeueiiai iaoai?/iiai eiioaeoo, aea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,picscalex100010009000003aa0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, ?ixy, ?ix, vi(i=1,2),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, ?sxy, ?sx,vs — eiiiiiaioe
iai?oaeaiiy, aeaoi?iaoe?? ? ia?ai?uaiiy a ?io?e /anoei? aaeee ?
a?aeiia?aeii a a?iaoo??.

?icaeyiooi [1, 31] caei aaeee ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi
(aeiaaeie 1) ? iaaaioaaeaiiyi, ui aeeeeea? /enoee caei (aeiaaeie 2).
Iaoa??ae aaeie — aaoii, a?iaoo?iee oa? — noaeue. Ia?aiao?e, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aaiiao?e/i? ? iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?, iathoue oae?
cia/aiiy: I = 400 ii;???— aenioa a?iaoo?e — 10, 20, 30 ii, h/H = 0,1;
H/l = 0,5; Es/Eb = 10; ?s = 0,25; ?b = 0,11; k = 25. ?acoeueoaoe
ia/eneaiue (?en. 4-6) na?ae/aoue i?i cia/iee aieea ia aaee/eio ?
oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue oeio iaaaioaaeaiiy oa
eiao?oe??ioa a?ioaaiiy ia iaae? ?icae?eo aaoii-a?iaoo?a.

Aeine?aeaeaii c/aieaiiy aaoiio c a?iaoo?ieie noa?aeiyie, ui c’?aeiai?
iaoeniooeie a?euecaie (?en. 7). sse iniiaiee e?eoa??e i?oeiino?
c/aieaiiy [1] c’?aeiaii? a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii aeei?enoaii oiiaia na?aaei?
iai?oaeaiiy, ui aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith ?oeioth/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy aei
oiiaii? ieiu? oeee?iae?e/ii? iiaa?oi? noa?aeiy [43]

(4)

aea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 —
coneeey a ia?a??c? a?iaoo?e; dm — na?aaei?e ae?aiao? a?iaoo?e; lan —
aeiaaeeia ci?uaiiy ? aiea?oaaiiy a?iaoo?e;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 — iiaiioa aith?e c/aieaiiy
ii aeiaaeei? aiea?oaaiiy.

Aoee i?iaaaeai? aei?iaoaaiiy ia c/aieaiiy 4-o a?oi c?ace?a, ye?
a?ae??ciythoueny i?noeai ?icoaooaaiiy iaieie ii aeiaaeei? /anoeie
noa?aeiy, ui ciaoiaeeoueny o aaoii? (?en. 7).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?iceeae na?aaei?o aaee/ei c/aieaiiy (aiea?oaaiiy) a
a?oiao c?ace?a nyaa? 5-6 %. Iaea?eueoa aiea?oaaiiy (c/aieaiiy), ye ?
ne?ae aoei i/?eoaaoe, cao?eniaaii o ? a?oi? c?ace?a, aea iaieia
ia?aaoaa? ia iaeneiaeuei?e a?aeaeae? a aaoii? a?ae i?eeeaaeaiiy
ciai?oiueiai coneeey, a iaeiaioa (aei i?ion 2%) — c?ace?a ?V a?oie, aea
iaieia eaaeeoue c aieo i?eeeaaeaiiy ciai?oiueiai coneeey. Aea/aii aieea
c/aieaiiy a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii ia iano/o caeaoi?noue, aaee/eio
iaaaioaaeaiiy o??ueiiooai?aiiy (?ico??neoaaiiy iaoa??aeo), a oaeiae
?icaeoie iae?io??uei a aaeeao ?c c/aieaiiyi oa aac c/aieaiiy.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ney aaeeoeo eiino?oeoeaieo caoiae?a
(ci?oaia a?ioaaiiy, iayai?noue iiia?a/ieo noa?aei?a a?iaoo?e a cii? ae??
cia/ieo caeiaeueieo iiiaio?a) i?eieiy?oueny ca?iaeaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie
iiacaeiaaei?o o??uei a?aeeieo noeniooi? ciie [1].

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae a?iaoo?ieo noa?aei?a, ui
c’?aeiai? iaoeniooeie a?euecaie, oa ?o noee?a i?e noaoe/iiio
iaaaioaaeaii?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? ia ianooiieo aaeeao ia?ae?eooy
a?iiaaieo noa?aeiyie ?c noae? 20AN ae?aiao?ii 10, 12 ? 14 ii eeano
AOIV-AOV?. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii
caeaaeiino? ?icaeoeo aeaoaeo?a o c’?aeiaieo noa?aeiyo, e?eoa??aeuei?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ca?iaeaeaiiy aeaoaeo?a, a oaeiae [1, 23], oa?aeoa?
?oeioaaiiy i?aniaaieo c’?aeiaiue a iaoo?ieo cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?yo
i?ae ae??th caaeaieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

Aeine?aeaeaia eiia??i?oue ooai?aiiy aeaoaeo?a i?e i?anoaaii? iaieie
c’?aeiaiue a?iaoo?ieo noa?aei?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?io?eth a?iaoo?e oa
eiio?ao?aoe?? iaieie [1, 23]. C’yniaaii (?en. 8), ui eiia??i?noue
?oeioaaiiy i?aniaaiiai c’?aeiaiiy a?iaoo?ieo noa?aei?a i?e aeaia?niiio
?icoyc? caeaaeeoue a?ae cia/aiue eiao?oe??ioa Ioanniia
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff3e00000020010000be0100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a20013200010000006e000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 iaoa??aeo iaieie.
Iieacaii, ui eiia??i?noue ?oeioaaiiy c’?aeiaiiy i?aeaeuo?oueny c?
ciaioaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff3e00000020010000be0100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a20013200010000006e000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?iee i?aeo?ae aecia/aiiy IAeN
cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeie i?yiieooiiai ? oaa?iaiai ia?a??co i?e
ei?ioei/aniiio noaoe/iiio iaaaioaaeaii? a ?aieao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-iiaeae? Eaiiiaa-Iaianthea
[1, 6, 14, 34, 35, 44].

Oaa?iao aaeeo picaeyaea?ii ye nenoaio aeaio i?oaeieo ieanoei (?en. 9):
iaeii??aeii? ai?eciioaeueii? iieee 1 aeiaaeeiith L, oiaueiith 2h ?
oe?eiith 2b oa iaeii??aeii? aa?oeeaeueii? 2 (no?iee) oiaueiith d ?
aenioith H.

Ieaeiy e?iiea aaeee a?eueia a?ae iai?oaeaiue, a ia aa?oith (ieiueio
iieeoe?) ae?? ?iciiae?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy ?(o) neiao?e/ii a?aeiinii in? o
? i?eeeaaeaia ii e?i?? z=0. Ia oi?oeyo aaeee ii?iaeuei? iai?oaeaiiy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0 a?aenooi?, a iayai?noue
iii? iaoiiaeth?oueny iaia?aae iaa?aeiieie aeioe/ieie iai?oaeaiiyie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.

Aecia/aii eiiiiiaioe iai?oaeaiiy a ieeo?, ni?e/eiaiiai ae??th aeioe/ieo
coneeue. Ca oiiae, ui aei ieeoe i?eeeaaeai? aeioe/i? coneeey (?en. 10),
ye? ni?eythoue aeieeiaiith aeiaeaoeiaeo (aei caeiaeueieo) iai?oaeaiue.
Aecia/eii ?o, i?eionoeaoe, ui ieeoa iaiaiaaeaia. IAeN ciaeaeaii
?iceeaaoe, a ?yaee ooieoe?th A??
(picscalex100010009000003ac000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040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). Iaea?aeaii
oaeiae ?ica’ycie caaea/? aeey aaeee oaa?iaiai ia?a??co c iaei??th
o??ueiith oa io?eiaii ?ioaa?aeueia ??aiyiiy, yea iieno? ?? IAeN.
Iaaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo,
aecia/aieo ca ??cieie iaoiaeeeaie [1, 2].

O oinoiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo o??ueiino?eeino?
cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e [1, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 32, 34, 44,
48]. Iaeia c ieo aaco?oueny ia iaoaiaoe/i?e oai??? o??uei, ?ioa,
?iaeaia?ia – ia iaoai?oe? cae?ciaaoiio i?eaaaeaia a [1, 19], o?aoy (aeey
oa?iaeo eiino?oeoe?e) – ia ?ica’yceo caaea/ oai??? ieanoei oa oai???
i?oaeiino?. Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaii oiiae aeieeiaiiy e ?icaeoeo
o??uei ii?iaeueiiai a?ae?eao. ?ic?aooiie ooai?aiiy ii?iaeueieo o??uei
c?iaeaii aeey oiai, uia: a) caiia?aoe ?o ca?iaeaeaiith a aeaiaioao 1–?
oa 2–? eaoaai??e o??ueiino?eeino?; a) c’ynoaaoe iaiao?aei?noue eiio?ieth
?ice?eooy (2–a ? 3–y eaoaai??? o??ueiino?eeino?) ? cae?eooy o??uei (2–a
eaoaai??y o??ueiino?eeino?); a) ?ic?aooaaoe aeaoi?iaoe?? – a?aenooi?noue
/e iayai?noue o??uei o ?icoyaiai?e cii? aeaiaio?a; a) ia?aa??eoe iiyao
o??uei o noenioo?e cii? ia?a??co i?ae /an iiia?aaeiueiai iaoeneo
aeaiaioa.

?ic?iaeaii iiao iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy o??ueiino?eeino? cae?ciaaoiiieo
aaeeiaeo aeaiaio?a ia iniia? i?oaeii-ieanoe/ii? iiaeae?
Eaiiiaa-Iaianthea. C oe??th iaoiaeeeith ?ica’ycaia caaea/a aeey
aecia/aiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy iiiaioo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, ?inoo o??ueie
a aaeeiaeo cae?ciaaoiiieo a?iiaaieo aeaiaioao (?en. 11):

Oaeei /eiii, ca oi?ioeith (9) aecia/athoue aaee/eio iiiaioo noa?oo
o??ueie. Ii??aiyii c ?nioth/eie i?aeoiaeaie oeae i?aeo?ae
a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui ooo aaiaeeoueny o ?ic?aooiie aeia?eueia ciia
iai?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e a?ey aa?oeie o??ueie-iaae??co. Ia iniia? oe???
iaoiaeeee iaea?aeaii ?ic?aooieia? caeaaeiino? aeey cae?ciaaoiiieo
aaeeiaeo aeaiaio?a c o?aooaaiiyi c/aieaiiy i?ae a?iaoo?ith ? aaoiiii oa
aac oaeiai a?aooaaiiy. Oe? ?acoeueoaoe iaaaaeai? o [2, 5, 18].

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ?O ii?iaeueiiai a?ae?eao aac
o?aooaaiiy ii?ooaiiy c/aieaiiy ?icaeyiooi cae?ciaaoiiio aaeeo: I=0,2i;
A=0,1i; aenioa a?iiaaiiai oa?o
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02200240011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffdeffffff00010000fe0100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a800132000100000078000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000=20 ii; a?aeiioaiiy
; En=0,7 II/i; ii/aoeiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy 0,1IIa; e?ioeaaa iaaaioaaeaiiy
0,25IIa; e?ie ci?ie iaaaioaaeaiiy 0,01IIa. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe [34]
cana?ae/othoue, ui ia?ii aeinoaoiuei iaae?ei? caeaaeiino? aeey
aecia/aiiy ?O o cae?ciaaoiiieo c?aiooeo aeaiaioao i?yiieooiiai i?io?eth
i?e ae?? ei?ioei/aniiai noaoe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee iii?o ?oeioaaiith o?eoa?iaeo
(/ioe?eoa?iaeo) aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e c o??ueiith a ?icoyaiooiio oa??
ia i?aenoaa? oai??? ieanoei oa a?iioace E??oaioa-Eyaa [33, 34]. Io?eiaii
nenoaio ??aiyiue, c yei? iiaeia aecia/eoe iai?oaeaiiy a ieanoei? aac
?icoa?oaaiiy i?ae a?iaoo?ith ? aaoiiii oa iai?oaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
?icoa?oaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaii oaeiae aaoiiio ieeoo, i?aeneeaio caoeniei
noaeaaei eenoii, ye /ioe?eoa?iao eiino?oeoe?th [33]. Iaoiae ia/eneaiiy
iai?oaeaiiy a ieeo? i?aaenoaaeaii noiith iai?oaeaiue /enoiai caeio a
nooe?euei?e ieeo? ? iai?oaeaiue a ieie? o??uei – o iane?i/aii?e ieanoei?
[33].

Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy o??ueiino?eeino? – ye iiiaioo
o??ueiiooai?aiiy oae ? ?ice?eooy o??uei. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? oe?
aaee/eie aecia/aee ia a?eueii iia?oeo cae?ciaaoiiieo aaeeao, aei yeeo
i?eeeaaeai? cina?aaeaeai? neee a o?aoyo i?ieueioo [1, 6, 21, 29] oa i?e
??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaiiio iaaaioaaeaii? a cae?ciaaoiiieo ieeoao [1].
Iaaaioaaeaiiy i?eeeaaeaee nooiaiyie, ??aieie 0,05-0,1 a?ae ?oeioth/iai.

Nueiiiee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?aooieo a?aie/ii? ??aiiaaae
cae?ciaaoiiii? ieeoe c o??ueiith i?e caei? [1, 4, 5, 44, 48].

?icaeyiaii ianeaio cae?ciaaoiiio ieeoo oiaueiith H, oe?eiith T, yea
caeia?oueny iiiaioii M [1, 4, 5, 43, 44, 48]. Iaoa??ae ?? aaoiiii?
iao?eoe? aaaaea?oueny iaeii??aeiei ?cio?iiiei oa e?i?eii-i?oaeiei. O
?icoyaioo?e cii? ieeoa ineaaeaia ieineith o??ueiith aeiaaeeiith a, yea
aeoiaeeoue ia iiaa?oith. ?icoyaiooa ciia aaoiio iineeaia a?iaoo?ith
(ieceith noaeaaeo e?oaeeo noa?aei?a ae?aiao?ii DS, ye? ?ici?uai? ii
aeiaaeei? ieeoe). Iaoa??ae noa?aei?a aaaaea?oueny i?oaeiei, a?aeaeaeue
i?ae noa?aeiyie – h1 (?en. 11).

Iaoae a?iaoo?a i?oiaiiaeueia aei ieiueie o??ueie ? ia?aoeia? ?? aa?aae
oaeei /eiii, ui a?aeaeaeue a?ae noa?aei?a aei aa?oeie o??ueie noaiiaeoue
h. Aaaaea?ii [39, 42], ui a cii? eiioaeoo a?iaoo?e ? aaoiio aeieeathoue
cia/i? neee c/aieaiiy, ye? ia?aoeiaeaeathoue cnoao a?iaoo?e a aaoii?
i?ae ae??th ciai?oiueiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy iai?oaeaiiy
c/aieaiiy a?iaoo?e ? aaoiio ia iaeeieoeth iiaa?oi? noa?aeiy i?eeiaii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. A?aeoa?oaaiiy aaoiio a?ae
a?iaoo?e ii aeiaaeei? noa?aeiy a i?noe? eiioaeoo aa?aa?a o??ueie ?
a?iaoo?e iicia/eii hr.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? caaea/? aeei?enoa?ii iaoiae noia?iiceoe??
iai?oaeaieo noai?a, ca yeei E?I aeey iaaaioaaeaii? cae?ciaaoiiii? ieeoe
c o??ueiith KI iiaeia iiaeaoe noiith E?I aeey iaa?iiaaii? iaaaioaaeaii?
ieeoe c o??ueiith KI(M) oa iaiaaaioaaeaii? ieeoe c o??ueiith E?I KI(a),
aea a i?noeyo aeoiaeo noa?aei?a c aaoiiii? iao?eoe? aei aa?aa?a o??ueie
i?eeeaaeaii coneeey, aea?aaeaioi? neeai a a?iaoo?ieo noa?aeiyo
iaaaioaaeaii? ieeoe, ui ia?aoeiaeaeathoue ?ice?eooth o??uei
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. (10)

I?eeiaii oae? oiiae: iaoae h iaea iano?eueee, ui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 i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. Oaia? ?icaeyiaii
ieineo caaea/o caeio iaa?iiaaii? nioae c o??ueiith iiiaioii Mo=M/T. E?I
KI(M) aeey oe??? caaea/? ia/eneth?oueny iaoiaeii a?aie/ii? ?ioa?iieyoe??
[44] ca oi?ioeith [4, 5, 7, 12]

(11)

Ae?oaee aeiaeaiie oi?ioee (10) ciaeaeaii ?c ?ica’yceo i?inoi?iai?
caaea/?. Aeey oeueiai iio??aii ia/eneeoe iai?oaeaiiy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 i?e
x>0 (nenoaio aeaea?oiaeo eii?aeeiao 0xyz aaiaeeii oae, uia ieiueia z=0
ca?aaeany c ieiueiith o??ueie ?en 11).

Ei?enooth/enue a?aeiieie ?ic?aooieaie (aeea. e?o. a [4]), anoaiiaeaii
ae?ac (oi?ioeo) aeey ia/eneaiiy iai?oaeaiue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 ?icaeyiooi? caaea/?. Oiae? E?I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 ciaoiaeeii ca
oi?ioeith

picscalex100010009000003e20100000400170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c028003600f1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffaeffffff200f00002e0300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
970175080500000013027601b00809000000fa0200002000000000000000220004000000
2d0101000500000014027e01b00805000000130217020509040000002d01000005000000
140217020d090500000013025a0079090500000014025a0079090500000013025a00770c
17000000fb02e0fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e2043797200cc80040000002d01020008000000320a3701ba0e0100000029000800
0000320a3701820d01000000280008000000320a3701fa0201000000290008000000320a
3701c20101000000280017000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000cc040200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc80040000002d01030004000000f0010200
08000000320a0002800901000000320009000000320a00029005030000006c696d001200
0000fb02e0fe000000000000900101000000040200204b756472696173686f7600000400
00002d01020004000000f001030008000000320a3701ff0d01000000610008000000320a
70028f0d010000007a0008000000320a2003670501000000780008000000320a37013f02
01000000610009000000320a7002a9010300000049eff00012000000fb0240fe00000000
0000900101000000040200204b756472696173686f760000040000002d01030004000000
f001020008000000320a0002630b01000000780008000000320a00024000010000004b00
10000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000204000000
2d01020004000000f001030008000000320a0002690c01000000730008000000320a0002
750a01000000700008000000320a00020204010000003d0010000000fb02e0fe00000000
00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01030004000000f0010200
08000000320a2003540701000000a50008000000320a2003250601000000ae000a000000
26060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc
0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01020004000000f0010300030000000000.
(12)

I?aenoaaeaoe cia/aiiy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 o oi?ioeo (12),
iaea?aeeii

aea y — eii?aeeiaoa ii o?iioo o??ueie, a ye?e aecia/a?ii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.

Aeey ioe?iee oi/iino? iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao no?eioth/eo coneeue
noa?aeiaai? a?iaoo?e aaaaeaii eiao?oe??io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 ye a?aeiioaiiy
E?I o ?ac? cai?iiiiiaaiith ooo nenoaiith cina?aaeaeaieo nee (i?inoi?iaa
caaea/a) oa a?aeiiiai iiaeaethaaiiy a?iaoo?e i?oaeiei oa?ii (ieinea
caaea/a) [1, 4 , 5, 44, 48].
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. (14)

Ca?aeii c i?aoeath [1] oa oi?ioeith (13) caieoaii

. (15)

Ia/eneaiiy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 i?e ??cieo y
(?en. 12) iieacaee, ui cia/aiiy oe??? ooieoe?? nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny
a?ae iaeeieoe? aaea i?e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, oiaoi aeei?enoaiiy ieinei? caaea/?
aeey c’ynoaaiiy aieeao a?iaoo?e a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aeiaaa? ooi/iaiiy
iaoiae?a i?ae?aooieo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 aeey
?icaeyiooeo caaea/.

.

Aein? a e?oa?aoo?? ia ?icaeyaeaany ?iciiae?e iai?oaeaiue ia
i?iaeiaaeaii? o??ueie i?ae aieeaii cina?aaeaeaieo coneeue, ye?
aeieeathoue a a?iaoo?ieo noa?aeiyo, oiio aa?oa oaaae cia/aiiy i?aai?
/anoeie aeaiiai ??aiyiiy – E?I
picscalex100010009000003050100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c020003c0031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffaaffffff80030000aa0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000800017000000fb02e0fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200cc90040000002d01000008000000320a3701fa0201000000
290008000000320a3701c20101000000280012000000fb02e0fe00000000000090010100
0000040200204b756472696173686f760000040000002d01010004000000f00100000800
0000320a37013f0201000000610008000000320a7002a90101000000490012000000fb02
e0fe0000000000009001010000cc040200204b756472696173686f7600cc040000002d01
000004000000f001010008000000320a7002300202000000efef12000000fb0240fe0000
00000000900101000000040200204b756472696173686f760000040000002d0101000400
0000f001000008000000320a00024000010000004b000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff
01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d
00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000 a?ae ae?? oeeo coneeue.
Aeey ioe?iee cia/aiiy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 o oi?ioe? (16) coneeey
P caieoaii /a?ac P0 a a?iaoo?ieo noa?aeiyo, i?eeiyaoe iaaeeaeaii P0=Pfr,
aea Pfr – coneeey c/aieaiiy a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii, ye? ia/eneththoueny ca
iaaeeaeaiith ?iaeaia?iith oi?ioeith A.I. Aiiaea?aiea [44].
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, (18)

aea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 – oiiaia na?aaei?
iai?oaeaiiy c/aieaiiy; lfr – iaiao?aeia aeiaaeeia ciie iaae?eiiai
c/aieaiiy a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii;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 – ae?aiao?
a?iaoo?iiai noa?aeiy.

A?ao?ee ?iciiae?eo E?I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 (?en. 13) acaeiaae
o?iioo o??ueie na?ae/aoue, ui ca?eueoaiiy a?aeaeae? i?ae noa?aeiyie
aeeeeea? ciaioaiiy E?I. E??i oiai, nooo?ai c?inoa? ??cieoey i?ae
i?i?iaeueiei (iina?aaeei? i?ae noa?aeiyie) oa iaeneiaeueiei (iaai?ioe
noa?aeiy) cia/aiiyie c? ca?eueoaiiyi a?aeaeae? i?ae noa?aeiyie. Oaeei
/eiii “?iciacoaaiiy” a?iaoo?e, oiaoi ?? iiaeaethaaiiy i?oaeiith nioaith
(ieinea caaea/a), i?eaaei a aei ca?eueoaiiy iioeaee. Ca?aeii c
eiioeaioe??th neeiaiai e?eoa??th ??a?ia, ?oeioaaiiy ii/iaoueny i?e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, oiaoi ia iniia? oi?ioee (10) iiaeia
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iiaeeco aa?oeie o??ueie iaea?eueo iaaacia/iith ?
/anoeia iaai?ioe na?aaeeie a?aeaeae? i?ae noa?aeiyie, aea a ia?oo /a?ao
aeieea? a?aie/ii ??aiiaaaeiee noai.

Caieoaii coneeey P0, ye? aeieeathoue a a?iaoo?iiio noa?aei? ia a?ae??ceo
i?ae aa?aaaie o??ueie, aea a?aenooi? neee c/aieaiiy c aaoiiii, /a?ac
eiai aeaoi?iaoe?th:
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, (19)

aea Es – iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? a?iaoo?e,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 – cia/aiiy ?O (?? aa?aa?a)
ia ??ai? a?iaoo?e; h0 – a?aeaeaeue i?ae oi/eaie i?eeeaaeaiiy coneeue P0
?
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. (20)

aea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 – aeiaaeeia
ae?eyiee a?aeoa?oaaiiy aaoiio a?ae a?iaoo?e.

?ice?eooy o??ueie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 aoaeaii aecia/aoe ye
noia?iiceoe?th aeaio ia?ai?uaiue aa?aa?a o??ueie ia ??ai? oeaio?o aaae
a?iaoo?e
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, (21)

aea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– ?O ia
??ai? a?iaoo?e, anoaiiaeth?oueny ?c ?ica’yceo caaea/? i?i caei iiiaioii
I iaa?iiaaii? ieeoe c o??ueiith;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– ?O
coiiaeaia aieeaii coneeue, ye? aea?aaeaioi? coneeeyi a a?iaoo??.

.

?ic?aooiee iieacaee [1], ui aeei?enoaiiy oeeo oi?ioe aeey ia/eneaiiy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? iioeaeo ia a?eueoa i?ae ia 5%. Caoaaaeeii, ui ?c ae?aco (20) iiaeia
ciaeoe aeiaaeeio ae?eyiee ?icoa?oaaiiy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.

?icaeyiooi e?eoa??e e?eoe/iiai ?ice?eooy o??ueie (E?O) oa i?eaaaeaii
iaaeeaeaiee iaoiae aecia/aiiy ?O a cae?ciaaoii?. Oiiaith ii/aoeo
?oeioaaiiy ? e?eoa??e E?O, ui ia? aeaeyae
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. (22)

Ine?eueee i?ioeeaaei? aa?aae o??ueie ieaaii cieeathoueny, iiaeia
?ic?aooaaoe cia/aiiy ?ice?eooy aa?oeie o??ueieo aaoiii?e ieeo?:

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?ice?eooy aa?aa?a o??ueie o aeiaaeeo caeio
cae?ciaaoiiii? ieeoe aeei?enoa?ii iaoiae aea?aaeaioieo iai?oaeaieo
noai?a, yeee canoiniaothoue aeey ?ica’ycoaaiiy i?oaeii-ieanoe/ieo
caaea/. ?icaeyiaii aeaa i?oaeii-ieanoe/ieo o?ea oeio aaoiio c
iaeiaeiaeie o??ueiaie. Ia?oa – aaoiiia iaa?iiaaia ieeoa, ui caeia?oueny
iiiaioii M; ae?oaa – aaoiiia ieeoa, a ye?e ia aa?aaao o??ueie
i?eeeaaeai? coneeey, aea?aaeaioi? coneeeyi a a?iaoo?ieo noa?aeiyo, ui
no?eiothoue ?O. Aeey ia?oiai o?ea a?aeiia ?O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 oa E?I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, aeey ae?oaiai
– o?eueee E?I . Ia iniia? a?aeiiiai iaoiaeo aea?aaeaioieo iai?oaeaieo
noai?a ?ice?eooy o aa?oei? o??ueie aeey cae?ciaaoiiii? ieeoe c o??ueiith
iiaeia caienaoe oae:

. (24)

Aiae?c oi?ioee (24) iieaco?, ui i?e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 aaee/eia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 nooo?ai
caeaaeeoue a?ae eii?aeeiaoe y, aeinyaath/e naiai iaeneioio iaai?ioe
na?aaeeie i?ae noa?aeiyie:

. (25)

Iaaeae?, aeoiaey/e c i??eoaaiue, ui ?oeioaaiiy ?icaeaa?oueny o ia?oo
/a?ao a oi/eao iaea?eueoiai ?O a ?? aa?oei?, ye oa?aeoa?enoeeo
aeei?enoiao?ii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.

Anoaiiaeaii oiiae oa aecia/aii ?ice?eooy aa?aa?a ia??iaee/ii? nenoaie
o??uei o cae?ciaaoiii?e aaeoe?. I?e ?ica’ycaii? caaea/? nenoaio o??uei
iaaeeaeaii aaaaea?ii ia??iaee/iith. A i?e a?aeaeaeue i?ae o??ueiaie
aei??aith? S. ?ic?aooiee i?e ??cieo ??aiyo iaaaioaaeaiiy iieacothoue
(?en. 14), ui ?ice?eooy aa?oeie o??ueie ia??iaee/ii? nenoaie o??uei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 c? ca?eueoaiiyi
a?aeaeae? i?ae o??ueiaie iaaeeaea?oueny aei cia/aiiy ?O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 i?e iaei?e o??uei? ?
aeinyaa? eiai i?eaeecii i?e ia/eneth?oueny ye ?O ia iiaa?oi?
iaa?iiaaiiai aaoiiiiai aeaiaioa c o??ueiith i?ae ae??th iaaaioaaeaiiy ,
a
cia3686f760000040000002d01000008000000320a1002a90102000000496312000000fb
0240fe000000000000900101000000040200204b756472696173686f760000040000002d
01010004000000f001000008000000320aa0014000010000004b000a00000026060f000a
00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253
797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000).

Aaoiie, i?

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