Математичні моделі й процедури багатофакторного оцінювання і ранжування альтернатив у системах організаційного управління: Автореф. дис… д-ра техн.

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee

Iaacaaeueaee?a Aoaaaeueaee I?acaaeueaeeeiae/

OAeE 519.81

Iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? e i?ioeaaeo?e aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy

? ?aiaeoaaiiy aeueoa?iaoea o nenoaiao i?aai?caoe?eiiai oi?aae?iiy

01.05.04 Nenoaiiee aiae?c ? oai??y iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi?oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iao?ia Aaeoa?ae
Aai?a?eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
nenoaiioaoi?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aooo?a
Na?a?e Aeieo?iae/,

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee
oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
aaoiiaoecaoe?? aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Oaayoaa Aiae??e Aeieo?iae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
i?eeeaaeii? iaoaiaoeee;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Oaaei?iae/ Ieaa ?aaaiiae/,

Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.?.AEoeianueeiai (OA?),

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai oi?aae?iiy.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
«Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee

?inoeooo», eaoaae?a
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai ?ioi?iaoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «03» /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.052.01 a Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?aae?iaeaeoi?ii?ee ca aae?anith:
310166, i.Oa?e?a, i?.Eai?ia, 14.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe?
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «21» ea?oiy 1999?.

A/aiee naeo?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.I.Eaaee?i

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iiieo
ia/enethaaeueieo iaoei (AII) o an?o aaeocyo ae?iaieoeoaa, aeiiii?oe?,
iaaeeoeei?, nioe?aeuei?e oa ?ioeo noa?ao ye caniao aaoiiaoecaoe??
?ioaeaeooaeueieo i?ioean?a aecia/a?oueny aeeaeiith oi?iae?caoe?? oa
aeai?eoi?caoe?? oaeeo i?ioean?a. Naia oeei iiynith?oueny aeniea
?ioaineai?noue iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a aeai?e iaeano?, na?aae yeeo
iiaeia aeie?aieoe aeaa oae? aieiai? iai?yiee:

1) caaaeueiiiaoiaeieia?/iee, ci???ioiaaiee ia oi?ioaaiiy ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeueiioai?aoe/iiai aaceno oi?iae?caoe?? oa
aeai?eoi?caoe?? ?ioaeaeooaeueieo i?ioean?a. Ia nueiaiaei? oeae iai?yiie
noi?ioaaany ye caaaeueia oai??y ooo/iiai ?ioaeaeoo;

2) a?eueo aocueeee, i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaiee ia eiie?aoi? i?aaeiaoi?
iaeano? aeine?aeaeaiue, iniaeeaino? eio?eo iieyaathoue a o?aooaaii?
niaoeeo?ee oa aeaoae?caoe?? neooaoe?? ? ?ic?iaoe? eiie?aoieo iiaeaeae.

Iaeaeaa iai?yiee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aaaaoianiaeoieie oa
oe?iei?icaaeoaeaieie, aea oeaio?aeueiith a ieo ? i?iaeaia oi?iae?caoe??
i?ioean?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, yea aeeth/a? oae? iniiai? aoaie:

aecia/aiiy iaoe;

aeae?eaiiy iiiaeeie aeueoa?iaoeaieo oeyo?a aeinyaiaiiy iaoe (iiiaeeie
aeiionoeieo ??oaiue) X;

oa ?aiaeoaaoe ?o (caaea/a ioe?ithaaiiy);

(caaea/a iioei?caoe??).

.

Neeaaei?noue ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? iieyaa? a i?eioeei?aeuei?e
noa’?eoeaiino? iiiyooy «e?aua ??oaiiy», ui aeiaaa? iaiao?aeiino?
o?aooaaiiy ethaenueeiai oaeoi?o — ia?aaaa, ye? aecia/a? iniaa, ui
i?eeia? ??oaiiy (II?). Oea a naith /a?ao iia’ycaii c oi?iae?caoe??th
iaeiiai c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aniaeo?a ?ioaeaeooaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie
— i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. Aeyaeaiiy caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae
oeueiai i?ioeano ? i?aaeiaoii oai??? ooo/iiai ?ioaeaeoo, a i?eeiyooy
??oaiue a eiie?aoieo i?aaeiaoieo aaeocyo aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee
i?aaeiaoii-i???ioiaaieo iaoiae?a oa aeai?eoi?a. Ioaea, oey i?iaeaia ia?
caaaeueiioai?aoe/ia ? aaeeea i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy.

Aaaeeea?noue i?iaeaie ioe?ithaaiiy coiiaeea aenieee oa iino?eiee ?ioa?an
aei oe??? aaeoc? aeine?aeaeaiue, aea aoei io?eiaii ?yae
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a, na?aae yeeo a ia?oo /a?ao ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe oai??th ei?eniino? Aeae. Iaeiaia ? I. Ii?aaiooa?ia, iiiyooy
iaeano? eiii?ii?n?a ? Ia?aoi-iioeiaeueiino?, oai??th ?icieoeo iiiaeei E.
Caaea. Cia/iee aeeaae o noai?aiiy oa ?icaeoie no/anii? oai??? i?eeiyooy
??oaiue aianee a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei? a/ai? A. I. Aeooeia, A. N.
Ieoaeaae/, A. E. Aieeiae/, ?. A. Na?a??iei, I. C. Cao?ianeee, A. A.
Ii?icia, I. O. Aiiaea?aiei, TH. I. Oaaaiia-Eooia?aiei, A. A. Iao?ia, A.
A. Iiaeeiianeee, A. ?. Ai?enia, I. ?. Ea?e/aa, N. A. ?iaeueyiia, A. A.
I??e?i, TH. A. Aa?iae??, I. O?oaa?i, ?. Aaeeiai, A. ?aeoa, ?. E?i?, A.
?oa ? ?io?. ?acii c oei, caaaeueia oai??y i?eeiyooy ??oaiue acaaae? oa
aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy cie?aia, iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo,
ui e aecia/eei oaio aeine?aeaeaiue aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie oa ieaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia
a iaaeao aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie Oe?a?ie ii i??i?eoaoiiio
iai?yieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano 6.«?ioi?iaoeea, aaoiiaoecaoe?y oa
i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy»; ?icae?e 6.2.«Ia?niaeoeai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??
aeey ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? i?ioean?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue oa oi?aae?iiy a
oaoi?/ieo, a?ieia?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo nenoaiao»; i?ae?icae?e 6.2.1.
«?ioaeaeooae?caoe?y i?ioean?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue». Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaaaeaii ca?aeii c eii?aeeiaoe?eiei oaiaoe/iei ieaiii I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee ca oaiith 460-1.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa ?icaeoie oai??? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy, ?ic?iaea
iaoiae?a, iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, i?ioeaaeo? oa aeai?eoi?a
i?iaeaiii-ci???ioiaaieo ia caaea/? i?aai?caoe?eiiai oi?aae?iiy oa
ae??oaiiy ia ?o iniia? aaaeeeai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iaeaie —
oaeineiiaeaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy i?aai?caoe?eieie
nenoaiaie.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ?iaioe iia’ycaii c ?ic?iaeith oi?aa?naeueii? iiaeae?
aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy e ?aiaeoaaiiy ??oaiue, ui eaaei
aaeaioo?oueny aei eiie?aoieo neooaoe?e i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ? ia?aaaa II?,
oa iaoiae?a ?? no?oeoo?ii? ? ia?aiao?e/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ? aeiaaa?
ae??oaiiy ianooiieo caaea/:

?icaeoie eiino?oeoeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy e
?aiaeoaaiiy ??oaiue, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia aaeaeeoeai?e oai???
ei?eniino?;

ocaaaeueiaiiy e ?icaeoie oai??? ei?eniino? ia iniia? aaaaeaiiy
iae?i?eieo ooieoe?e ei?eniino? eieaeueieo oaeoi??a;

aeae?eaiiy oeiiaeo neooaoe?e i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ca nooiaiai
?ioi?iiaaiino? II? i?i ia?aaaao eieaeueieo e?eoa???a;

ae??oaiiy caaea/? no?oeoo?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeaeae, ui iia’ycaii c
iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeaeo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ioe?ithaaiiy e ?aiaeoaaiiy
aeey eiaeii? oeiiai? neooaoe??, a oaeiae neioacii oi?aa?naeueii?
aaeaioeaii? iiaeae?;

?ic?iaea iiaeo iaoiae?a ia?aiao?e/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeaeae
ioe?ithaaiiy, a?aei?iieo a?ae aenia?oieo ioe?iie;

ai?iaaoe?y ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a i?e ae??oaii? i?eeeaaeieo caaea/.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aacothoueny ia iaoiaeao nenoaiiiai aiae?co, oai???
ei?eniino?, aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe??, iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, oai??? aei??thaaiue oa ioe?ithaaiiy, eiiia?aoi?ii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aiao??a iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ianooiiiio.

I?iaaaeaii nenoaiiee aiae?c no/aniiai noaio oai??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ?
noi?ioeueiaaii i?iaeaio ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? caaaeueii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy e ?aiaeoaaiiy aeueoa?iaoea o iaaeao
aaeaeeoeaii? oai??? ei?eniino?. Ae??oaiiy cacia/aii? i?iaeaie aeeeeeaei
iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy caaea/ no?oeoo?ii? oa ia?aiao?e/ii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeae?.

A ?aieao ??oaiiy caaea/? no?oeoo?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? io?eiai? ianooii?
iia? ?acoeueoaoe.

1) I?iaaaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy oai??? ei?eniino? ia aeiaaeie iae?i?eieo
ooieoe?e ei?eniino? eieaeueieo oaeoi??a. Cai?iiiiiaaii oi?aa?naeueio
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ooieoe?? ei?eniino? eieaeueieo e?eoa???a, eio?a
aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe, ia??ai? c e?i?eieie, aeaaee? aeioee? aai?o oa
aiec iae?i?ei? caeaaeiino?, ui a oe?eiio aeicaiey? a?eueo iiaii
a?aoiaoaaoe iniaeeaino? neooaoe?? oa oi?ioaaoe ei?aeoi? iiaeae?
ioe?ithaaiiy.

2) Aeae?eaii iniiai? oeie neooaoe?e aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy oa
?aiaeoaaiiy aeueoa?iaoea. A iniiao oei?caoe?? caeeaaeaii nooi?iue
?ioi?iiaaiino? II? i?i ia?aaaao eieaeueieo oaeoi??a oa oi?io iiaeaiiy
oe??? ?ioi?iaoe??. Aeey eiaeii? neooaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii
i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaio iiaeaeue i?eeiyooy ??oaiue oa i?ioeaaeo?o ??
?aae?caoe??.

3) Cae?eniaii ocaaaeueiaiiy /anoeiaeo iiaeaeae oa neioaciaaii
oi?aa?naeueio aaeaioeaio iiaeaeue, eio?a aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe an?
a?aeii? noaie ioe?ithaaiiy e ?aiaeoaaiiy ye /anoeia? aeiaaeee.

I?e ae??oaii? caaea/? ia?aiao?e/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? io?eiaii ianooii?
iia? ?acoeueoaoe.

1) Noi?ioeueiaaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei ae??oaiiy caaea/? ia?aiao?e/ii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy, yeee iieyaa? o aecia/aii?
e?euee?nieo ia?aaaa II? (aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a oaeoi??a) ca aaea
i?eeiyoeie II? ??oaiiyie, ui aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe ia’?eoeai?noue oa
aeinoia??i?noue iiaeae?.

2) ?ic?iaeaii oai??th ia?aiao?e/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeaeae
ioe?ithaaiiy ia iniia? i?eeiyoeo ??oaiue, yea ?icaeaa? ?aea?
eiiia?aoi?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ? aeicaiey? io?eiaoe ia’?eoeaio
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ia?aaaae II?.

3) Neioaciaaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oa i?ioeaaeo?e ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
ia?aaaa II? aeey ??cieo eean?a neooaoe?e.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

— eeaneo?eiaai? iiaeeea? neooaoe?? ioe?ithaaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ii?ioi?iiaaiino? II? oa oi?ie iiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i eiao?oe??ioe
aaaeeeaino? eieaeueieo oaeoi??a, ? aeey eiaeii? c ieo noai?ai?
eiino?oeoeai? i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaai? iiaeae? oa i?ioeaaeo?e ioe?ithaaiiy
e ?aiaeoaaiiy;

— cai?iiiiiaaii oi?aa?naeueio iiaeaeue, ui aaeaioo?oueny aei ia?aaaa II?
c o?aooaaiiyi nooiaith eiai ii?ioi?iiaaiino? oa aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe
on? iiaeeea? /anoeia? iiaeae?;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee i?aeaeuaiiy ia’?eoeaiino? aecia/aiiy ia?aaaa II? ca
aaea i?eeiyoeie ??oaiiyie.

O noeoiiino? io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ocaaaeueiththoue oa ?icaeaathoue
oai??th aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy e ?aiaeoaaiiy ye /anoeie
caaaeueii? oai??? iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue; aiie yaeythoue niaith nooo?aee
aianie o ae??oaiiy aaaeeeai? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? i?iaeaie noai?aiiy
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiiai oi?aa?naeueiiai ?ino?oiaioa??th aiae?co,
i?aeaioiaee ? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ye oeiiaiai iiaeoey nenoai i?aeo?eiee
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a i?aai?caoe?eieo nenoaiao.

Eiino?oeoeaiee oa?aeoa? oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny ae??oaiiyi eiiieaeno caaea/ ?iciiae?eo ?ano?n?a o
???a?o?/ieo i?aai?caoe?eieo nenoaiao c ??ciei nooiaiai eii?aeeiiaaiino?;
noai?aiiyi iaoiaeeee i?aeaioiaee oa i?eeiyooy ??oaiue o ianoaoe?iia?ieo
nenoaiao, ioe?iee oaiaea?ieo i?iiiceoe?e, oi?ioaaiiy iiaeae?
niaoe?ae?noa ? o. ?io.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeeth/aii aei o/aiaeo eo?n?a “Anooi
a oai??th nenoai”, “Iaoiaee iioei?caoe?? a NAI?”, “Iaoiaee i?eeiyooy
??oaiue”, ye? aeeeaaeathoueny o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee ia eaoaae?? nenoaiioaoi?ee, a oaeiae
aeei?enoaii i?e aeeiiaii? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o iaaeao
ainiaeiaia??ii? oaiaoeee oi?aa?neoaoo.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? iiaeae? oa aeai?eoie
aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy, ?aiaeoaaiiy aeueoa?iaoea a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiino? oa ?eceeo, i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?oieo ioe?iie aoee
aeei?enoai? i?e ae??oaii? i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ i?aai?caoe?eiiai oi?aae?iiy
? i?e noai?aii? nenoai i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. A ?iaio? iaaaaeai?
aeieoiaioe, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy Aei?i?iiao?ianueeei iaoaeo?a?eiei caaiaeii ?i.
Iao?ianueeiai, Ia’?aeiaiiyi «Oe?aoi?iao», i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
Aei?i?ianueeei iaoaeo?a?eiei eiia?iaoii ?i. O.A. Aeca?aeeinueeiai, i.
Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinuee aeey ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ naaiaioaoe?? ?eieo, aeai?a
iinoa/aeueiee?a, ia?eaoeiao ? o. ?io. Aeei?enoaiiy aeena?oaoe?eieo
?acoeueoao?a aeaei ciiao i?aeaeueoe iia?aoeai?noue, aoaeoeai?noue oa
iaoeiao iaa?oioiaai?noue ??oaiue, ui i?eeiathoueny.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa
?acoeueoaoe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa io?eiaee noaaeaiiy :

ia nai?ia?? “Nenoaiiee aiae?c, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ? i?eeiyooy
??oaiue o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa oaoi?/ieo nenoaiao” iaoeiai? ?aaee
IAI Oe?a?ie c i?iaeaie “E?aa?iaoeea”, i. Oa?e?a, OOO?A, 1994-1998 ??.;
ia 8-io I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? c iaoiaeieia?? iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy (III), Aieaa??y, i. Aa?ia, 1996 ?.; ia 3-e oa 4-e
I?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo «Oai??y ? oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio ?
ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??», i. Ooaina, 1997, 1998 ??.; ia 5-e Oe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? c aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy «Aaoiiaoeea-98», i. Ee?a, 1998
?.; ia 2-e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?e o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?», i. Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.; ia 5-e
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiio?ieue oa oi?aae?iiy a
neeaaeieo nenoaiao”, i. A?iieoey, 1999 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii a
20 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, na?aae yeeo: 3 iiiia?ao?? (an? o ni?aaaoi?noa?); 14
noaoae o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo (aeo?iaeao oa ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue), c
yeeo 5 noaoae aac ni?aaaoi??a; 3 ioae?eaoe?? o i?aoeyo eiioa?aioe?e (2
aac ni?aaaoi??a).

Iniaenoee aeeaae caeiaoaa/a. An? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? aeianaii ia
caoeno, io?eiaii caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi. A iaoeiaeo ?iaioao,
iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniaenoi caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeaoue ianooii?
iaoa??aee.

A iiiia?ao?? [1] — ?icae?ee 2.3-3.3 (noi?. 56-96); a iiiia?ao?? [2] —
?icae?ee 2.2-2.3 (noi?. 63-86); a iiiia?ao?? [3] — ?icae?e 2 (noi?.
44-84) caaaeueiei ianyaii 6,5 ae?oe. a?e.

A noaoo? [4] — iinoaiiaea caaea/? oa ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae; a
noaooyo [5, 8, 9, 11] — iinoaiiaea caaea/?, aeae?eaiiy
i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaieo neooaoe?e, ?ic?iaea iiaeae? eiiia?aoi?ii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe??; a noaooyo [13,14] — iiaeae? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
ioe?ithaaiiy; a noaoo? [15] — oi?ioethaaiiy caaea/? noiniaii
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ia’?eo?a; a noaoo? [17] — ?ic?iaea iiaeaeae oa
i?ioeaaeo? aenia?oiiai ioe?ithaaiiy; a noaoo? [18] — oi?ioaaiiy
noeaia???a iaoiaeii Iiioa-Ea?ei.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, 138 aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a.
Oaeno aeeeaaeaii ia 308 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a /ene? eio?eo
17 ?enoie?a oa 7 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, iieacaia ??
iaoeiaa oa i?eeeaaeia ni?yiiaai?noue, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?iaioe oa
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? iio??aii ae??oeoe aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy.
Iiaeaia ei?ioea oa?aeoa?enoeea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, nooiaith ?o
ai?iaaoe?? oa iioae?eoaaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? i?enay/aii nenoaiieia?/iiio aiae?co
ooiaeaiaioaeueii? i?iaeaie oi?iae?caoe?? i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue
iniaith, ye?e oae? ??oaiiy iaeaaeeoue i?eeiaoe (II?), ie?aneaiith iaae
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aiith iaoe ? caaea/, eio?? iio??aii ae??oeoe.

I?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ? iaia’yceiaei ? oeaio?aeueiei aoaiii
oe?eani?yiiaaii? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie, oiio eiino?oeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy
AII ye ?ino?oiaioo aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?ioaeaeooaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
iia’ycaii c i?iaeaiith oi?iae?caoe?? i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue.

Oeae i?ioean o caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo no?oeoo?o?oueny ia oae? aoaie:
oi?ioaaiiy iaoe; aecia/aiiy iiaeeeaeo (aeiionoeieo) aeueoa?iaoeaieo
oeyo?a ?? aeinyaiaiiy (iiiaeeie aeiionoeieo ??oaiue) O; oi?ioaaiiy
ioe?iee yeino?, yea aeicaiey? ii??aithaaoe oa aecia/aoe a?aeiioaiiy
ii?yaeeo ia iiiaeei? O (aoai ioe?ithaaiiy); ?, ia?aoo?, aea?? iaee?auiai
??oaiiy, yea aeno?ai?co? iieaciee yeino? (aoai iioei?caoe??).

Aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioeano eiai ne?ae oi?iae?coaaoe, oiaoi
noi?ioethaaoe iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? e aeai?eoie ?o ?aae?caoe?? ia AII. Ia
nueiaiaei? oeth i?iaeaio ae??oaii o?eueee aeey aoaio iioei?caoe??.

Oi?iae?caoe?y ia?oeo o?ueio ?c ia?ae?/aieo aoai?a ? iaei??th c
oeaio?aeueieo i?iaeai oai??? ooo/iiai ?ioaeaeoo ye caaaeueiioai?aoe/ii?
aace aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a ?ioaeaeooaeueii? ae?yeueiino?. Ia
i?eieaeoth/e ?ie? aeiaeiiai c aoai?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, i?aee?aneeii
eiioeaiooaeueio ?ieue i?ioeaaeo?e ioe?ithaaiiy, ine?eueee aiia aecia/a?
iioaioe?eiee ?acoeueoao aeai?o. Oiio oey caaea/a noaea iaeanoth
aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O, yea a oai??? iioei?caoe?? ia? iacao oe?eueiai? ooieoe??.

Neioac oaei? ioe?iee ? i?aaeiaoii caaea/? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
ioe?ithaaiiy. Caaea/a iieyaa? a iiaoaeia? aeayei? iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy

(1)

aei iaei??? ?ici??iino? ? a?aoiaothoue a?aeiinio aaaeeea?noue eiaeiiai
c ieo.

O caaaeuei?e iinoaiiaoe? i?iaeaia neioaco ioe?iee (1) iieyaa? a
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? no?oeoo?e ? e?euee?nieo cia/aiue ia?aiao??a iiaeae?.

Ia nueiaiaei? ?ioaineaii ?icaeaa?oueny caaaeueiioai?aoe/iee aacen
ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie. Aei aaaeeeaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ye? aaea
aeinyaiaii, ne?ae a?aeianoe oai??th ei?eniino? Aeae. Iaeiaia oa I.
Ii?aaiooa?ia, i?eioeei Ia?aoi-iioeiaeueiino?, oai??th ?icieoeo iiiaeei
(e?iaa?noe/ieo ci?iieo) E. Caaea. I?ioa oe? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe
ia ae/a?iothoue i?iaeaio, ine?eueee aecia/athoue o?eueee iiaeeea?
i?aeoiaee aei ?? ae??oaiiy, aea ia aeae eiie?aoieo iiaeaeae.
Iniaeea?noue i?iaeaie neioaco iieyaa? a i?eioeeiia?e noa’?eoeaiino?
i?ioeaaeo?e aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy, ?? caeaaeiino? a?ae
eiie?aoiiai II?. Oey ianoaaeia ia aeicaiey? nei?enoaoeny eeane/iith
oai???th ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, yea a?oioo?oueny ia ia’?eoeai?e e?euee?ni?e
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ao?aei? ae?? nenoaie oa ?? ?aaeoe??. O aeiaaeeo nenoaie
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ia?aaaae ??oaiue noa’?eoeaia,
ine?eueee ia iiaea aei??thaaoenue aaciina?aaeiuei ? iaaeoiaeeoue o?eueee
a?ae II? ? o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia? ye?niee oa?aeoa? (e?aua,
ia?aaaaeii ? o.ae.). Oea aeeeeeaei iio?aao noai?aiiy iiaeo, a?aei?iieo
a?ae eeane/ieo, iaoiae?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe??. O oeueiio ?icoi?ii? oai??y
aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy ? iiaei iaoeiaei iai?yieii, ui
a?oioo?oueny ia i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo a iaeano?
ineoieia??, iiaaae?iee ethaeeie, oai??? aei???a oa oeaethaaiiy,
niaoe?aeueieo ?icae?e?a iaoaiaoeee, nenoaiiiai aiae?co oa oai???
iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue.

O ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?oe/iee iaeyae ?nioth/eo i?aeoiae?a aei
neioaco iiaeaeae aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy.

Aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iieacaei, ui i?aeoe/ii an? i?aeoiaee aei
ae??oaiiy caaea/? no?oeoo?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a?oiothoueny ia oai???
ei?eniino? ? a?ae??ciythoueny aen?iiaoeeith oa i?eioeeiaie oi?ioaaiiy
ocaaaeueiaii? ei?eniino?. Iniiaieie ae i?eioeeiaie ? aaeaeeoeaiee oa
ioeueoeie?eaoeaiee. Ine?eueee a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeiaaaeaia
oi?aa?naeuei?noue aaeaeeoeaiiai i?eioeeio, iiaeaeueo? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoei i?iaaaeaii a eiai iaaeao.

Ae??oaiiy caaea/? ia?aiao?e/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, yea iieyaa? o
aecia/aii? e?euee?nieo cia/aiue ia?aaaa II?, caeaa?eueoiai a?oioo?oueny
ia ?io?iniaeoeaiiio i?aeoiae?. Oeae i?aeo?ae ia?aaeaa/a? niiioeaiiy II?
aei ona?aeiieaiiy ? oi?iae?caoe?? a yeiionue aeaeyae? nai?o ia?aaaa ?
caeiaoooy oe??? ?ioi?iaoe?? (ciaiue) ciai?oi?i niinoa??aa/ai. Oea
??ciiiai?oi? iaoiaeeee aenia?oieo ioe?iie, aieaooaaiiy, oii?yaeeoaaiiy
aeueoa?iaoea ? o.ae. A ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iaeyae iniiaieo a?oi oeeo
iaoiae?a ? iieacaii, ui aiie iathoue ni?eueio ?aeaieia?th. Caaaeueiei
iaaeie?eii oeeo iaoiae?a ? noa’?eoea?ci ciai?oiueiai niinoa??aa/a ?
aei?iaoaaiiai, iiaeeea?noue aieeaaoe ia ?acoeueoaoe, iaiao?aei?noue
i?iaiaeeoe o?eueee aeoeai? aenia?eiaioe, iaiaeiicia/i?noue ?acoeueoao?a,
iaaeinoaoiy ?o a?aeoai?thaai?noue. A ca’yceo c oeei iaiao?aeiei ?
aeueoa?iaoeaiee i?aeo?ae, i???ioiaaiee ia i?aeaeuaiiy ia’?eoeaiino?
i?ioeaaeo?e ia?aiao?e/ii? ?aeaioeoeeaoe?? iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy. A ?iaio?
iieacaii, ui aeey oeueiai iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ?aea? eiiia?aoi?ii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?iaioe, yea iieyaa?
o ?ic?iaoe? aaeaioeaii? iiaeae? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy, yea
aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe iniaeeaino? i?iaeaiii? neooaoe??, ia?aaaae II?,
nooi?iue aecia/aiino? oa oi?io iiaeaiiy ii/aoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iia’ycaii c ae??oaiiyi aeaio iniiaieo caaea/:
iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeaeo aaeaioeaii? iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?ieo
ioe?iie (no?oeoo?ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iiaeae?) ? ?ic?iaeith iiaeo, a?eueo
oi/ieo iaoiae?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aaaa II? (ia?aiao?e/ia
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy).

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?icae?eo iioae?eiaaii a i?aoeyo [3, 4, 5, 6, 8].

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «?ic?iaea aaeaioeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai ioe?ithaaiiy e iioei?caoe??» ?icaeyiooa caaea/a
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? no?oeoo?e iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
ioe?ithaaiiy ? aecia/aiiy a?aeiioaiiy ii?yaeeo ia iiiaeei? aeueoa?iaoea
O.

Caaea/a ae??oo?oueny a iaaeao aaeaeeoeaii? oai??? ei?eniino?. C
o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai ii/aoeiaa caeaaei?noue (1) ia?aoai?aia a oaeo

, (2)

;

.

. Ie??i iiaeaieo aeua aeiia oey ooieoe?y iiaeiia aooe ?iaa??aioiithth
aei aeaeo aeno?aioia oa?aeoa?enoeee ? aeicaieyoe ?aae?coaaoe ii?yae c
e?i?eieie aeaaee? aeioee? aai?o aai aiec iae?i?ei? caeaaeiino?. Ia?oa
icia/a?, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae oiai, iaenei?co?oueny /e i?i?i?co?oueny
/anoeiaa oa?aeoa?enoeea, ?? e?auiio cia/aiith iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeaoe
a?eueoa ei?eni?noue. Ae?oaa c aeiia ? i?eioeeiiaith. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao caeaaei?noue ei?eniino? /anoeiai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee a?ae ?? aaniethoiiai cia/aiiy ? iae?i?eiith, ? aeey
iiaoaeiae aaeaeaaoii? iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe oeth
iae?i?ei?noue. ?aae?caoe?y oaei? aeiiae a?aee?eaa? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
iae?i?eii? oai??? ei?eniino? ia a?aei?io a?ae i?eeiyoiai aei oeueiai
/ano e?i?eiiai i?aeoiaeo.

On?i ia?ae?/aiei aeiiaai a?aeiia?aea? ooieoe?y ei?eniino? /anoeiaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeo

, (3)

< 1 - aeioeea aai?o caeaaeiino?). . A ?iaio? aeae?eaii eeane iiaeeeaeo neooaoe?e. . I?e oeueiio oi/eia? e?euee?ni? cia/aiiy ? iaae? ?ioa?aae?a iiaeooue caaeaaaoenue oi/ii, eiia??i?nii, ca aeiiiiiaith e?iaa?noe/ieo ci?iieo oeio «i?eaeecii aei??aith?», «a?ey» oa ?i. aai ii?aeiaiiyi oeeo oi?i. 1.0 0.0 ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ia?aaaae cia/aiue ana?aaeei? ?ioa?aaeo iiaea aooe caaeaia eiia??i?nii, ca aeiiiiiaith e?iaa?noe/ieo ci?iieo (ooieoe??th iaeaaeiino? ?icieo?e iiiaeei?) aai aooe a?aenooiueith. O ?icae?e? aeey eiaeii? c ia?ae?/aieo neooaoe?e neioaciaai? iia? iiaeae? aai iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy a?aeiieo i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaieo iiaeaeae aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy oa ?aiaeoaaiiy ??oaiue. I?ioa, aiae?c an??? iiiaeeie i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaieo iiaeaeae aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo an?o ?o iiaeia caanoe aei iaei??? c ianooiieo o?ueio iiaeaeae aai ?o eiia?iaoe??. 1. Aaeaeeoeaia iiaeaeue , (4) - aeaoa?i?iiaaia /eneiaa cia/aiiy. , , ........................................ , (5) - iiiaeeia aea?aaeaioieo ii j-e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ??oaiue; i?ioeaaeo?a i?iaeiaaeo?oueny aei io?eiaiiy ?aeeiiai ??oaiiy. I?i?iaenia aai iaenei?iia iiaeaeue , (6) . . sse oaeo oi?aa?naeueio iiaeaeue a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy , (7) 1 caaaeyee ae?? oai?aie i?i nooiaiaaa na?aaei?, ca?aeii c yeith , (8) . , iiaeia ?aae?coaaoe aoaeue-yeo i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaio iiaeaeue ioe?ithaaiiy oa ?aiaeoaaiiy ??oaiue. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?icae?eo iioae?eiaai? a i?aoeyo [1, 8, 9]. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «?ic?iaea iaoiae?a oa aeai?eoi?a oi?iae?caoe?? ia?aaaa II?» noi?ioeueiaaii caaea/o ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ia?aaaa II? oa neioaciaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? e iaoiaee ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/?. a iiaeae? (2). I?eioeeiiaith ? iaiiaeeea?noue aaciina?aaeiueiai e?euee?niiai aei??thaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ia?aaaa II?. Uia io?eiaoe oeth ?ioi?iaoe?th, ne?ae ?i?oe?thaaoe ona?aeiieaiiy, no?oeoo?ecaoe?th oa e?euee?nio oi?iae?caoe?th II? nai?o ia?aaaa ? ae?iaeoe i?ioeaaeo?o ?o aeiaoaaiiy. Oey iaoiaeieia?y ?aae?co?oueny a aeaeyae? ??cieo i?ioeaaeo? aenia?oieo ioe?iie, iieooaaiue, ?ioa?a’th ? a?aeiia ye ?io?iniaeoeaiee i?aeo?ae. O ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y e aiae?c iaea?eueo a?aeiieo ?io?iniaeoeaieo iaoiae?a io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ia?aaaae II?. I?e oeueiio aeae?eai? aea? a?oie iaoiae?a. Ia?oa c ieo i???ioiaaia ia ?aae?caoe?th iaeiino?oeoeaiiai, aai ye?niiai, aecia/aiiy a?aeiioaiiy ii?yaeeo ia iiiaeei? aeueoa?iaoea aac cacia/aiiy neee ?o ia?aaaae. A ?acoeueoao? aeinyaa?oueny ?aiaeoaaiiy aeueoa?iaoea aai aecia/aiiy e?aei?o aeaiaio?a ?yaeo (e?auiai aai a??oiai). O oeueiio aeiaaeeo no?oeoo?a ioe?iee yeino? ia oi?iae?co?oueny, a II? cae?enith? oo /e ?ioo i?ioeaaeo?o aaciina?aaeiueiai aa?enoe/iiai ii??aiyiiy aeueoa?iaoea. Iaea?eueo a?aeiieie ? iaoiaee iiia?iiai oa iiiaeeiiiai ii??aiyiiy, ?aiaeoaaiiy, a?ia?oii?yaeeoaaiiy, eeaneo?eaoe??. . Iaea?eueo a?aeiieie o oe?e a?oi? ? iaoiaee *a?/iaia-Aeiooa, Oa?noioia, Iaeiaia-Ii?aaiooa?ia oa ?io?. A?oioiaia aea/aiiy ?io?iniaeoeaieo iaoiae?a iieacaei, ui ?o caaaeueiei iaaeie?eii ? noa’?eoeai?noue ioe?iie, yea iaoiiaeth?oueny aeai?ii iaoiae?a io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ?? ia?iaee aeine?aeieeii, iiaeeea?noth eiai aieeao ia ?acoeueoaoe, iaiao?aei?noth nooo?ai? niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaee II?, iio?aaith aeoeaieo aenia?eiaio?a. Iane?aeeii oeueiai ? iacaaeia?eueia oi/i?noue ?acoeueoao?a oa iaiiaeeea?noue ?o ?ai?iaeoeoaaiiy. I?e oeueiio iaiaaaiiy io?eiaoe a?eueo iiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th aaciina?aaeii a?ae II? (iai?eeeaae, a /eneiaiio aeae?) i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy ?? aeinoia??iino?. Oeei aoea aeeeeeaia iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee iiaeo, a?eueo ia'?eoeaieo iaoiae?a aeiaoaaiiy ciaiue II? i?i e?euee?ni? cia/aiiy ia?aaaa oaeoi??a. A aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiioaaii iiaee iaoiae ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aaaa II?, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia ?aeayo eiiia?aoi?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi ianooiieo a?iioac. . Ioaea, ii/aoeiaa iiiaeeia aeueoa?iaoea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iao?eoeath . (9) 2. Ca iiaeaeue ioe?ithaaiiy iae?a?oueny aaeaeeoeaia oai??y ei?eniino?, ui aeicaiey? iiaeaoe ?? o aeaeyae? P=((A, (10) . ( X. Ia i?aea?oio? oeueiai iiaea anoaiiaeoenue e?i?eiee ii?yaeie ia an?e iiiaeei? aeueoa?iaoea O aai, o a??oiio aeiaaeeo, aeacoaaoenue eiai e?aei?e aeaiaio (e?aua ??oaiiy). ?c aecia/aiiy ooieoe?? ocaaaeueiaii? ei?eniino? ia?ii , . (11) Iath/e oeth ?ioi?iaoe?th, aecia/eii /eneia? cia/aiiy aeaiaio?a iao?eoe? aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a A. , ca?aeee . (12) A?aooaaaoe (10), ia??ai?noue (12) iiaeia caienaoe ye , (13) ca?aeee . (14) Iicia/eii ? a e?ioeaaiio aeaeyae? io?eia?ii (0. (15) i?ney aiaeia?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue io?eia?ii =0 ; (16) - oea ooeai? iaa?aeii?. *enei ni?aa?aeiioaiue aeaeo (15) oa (16) caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioi?iaoe??, io?eiaii? a?ae II?. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaai? oa neioaciaai? iiaeae? aecia/aiiy A aeey ianooiieo aeiaaee?a. . 2. II? cae?eniea ye?nia ?aiaeoaaiiy an??? iiiaeeie aeueoa?iaoea, oiaoi aeae?eea o caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo eeane aea?aaeaioiino? ? aecia/ea aeey ieo a?aeiioaiiy ia?aaaa. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeaeue ? eiiiiceoe??th ??aiinoae (16), /enei yeeo aei??aith? /eneo ia? aea?aaeaioieo ??oaiue ? ia??aiinoae (15). ( X aoaea ae?eniei ??aiyiiy . (17) A aeena?oaoe?? iieacaii, ui c iaeyaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iao?eoe? A ??aiyiiy (17) ? ia a?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiei, i?ae (16), aea iiaea ai?uoaaoe aeiaeaoeia? iioeaee, iia'ycai? c e?euee?niei aecia/aiiyi ? (o). ia? aeaeyae (0; ................................................... (0; =0; .................................................... =0; ; . (18) iao?eoe? A. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?icae?eo iioae?eiaai? a i?aoeyo [4, 5, 11, 12]. ? ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy /eneiaeo cia/aiue iao?eoe? A. , iaae? yei? aecia/athoueny ia??aiinoyie iiaeae? (18). A ?icae?e? iieacaii, ui ia an? ia??aiino?, ye? iiaeooue aooe noi?iiaai? ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiiia?aoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo, ?ioi?iaoeai?, oiaoi caoaeothoue iaeanoue iiaeeeaeo cia/aiue iao?eoe? A. A ca'yceo c oeei noi?ioeueiaai? ianooii? oiiae ?ioi?iaoeaiino?. Oiiaa 1. ?ioi?iaoeaiei ? aea?? aeueoa?iaoeae (eiiia?aoi?iee aenia?eiaio), cae?eniaiee o?eueee ia iaeano? Ia?aoi (noia?a/eeaeo ??oaiue). Aeey oiai uia aeae?eeoe oae? ??oaiiy, noi?ioeueiaai? ? aeiaaaeai? ianooii? oiiae 2 ? 3. iathoue i?ioeeaaei? ciaee. Oiiaa 3. Aeo?aeia iiiaeeia ??oaiue, ia ye?e i?iaiaeeoueny eiiia?aoi?iee aenia?eiaio, iiaeiia i?noeoe ia iaioa aeaio noia?a/eeaeo aeueoa?iaoea. . ia ?nio?. Oea icia/a?, ui iiaeaeue (18) ia aaeaeaaoia ?aaeueiiio aeai?o II?. I?e/eiaie oaeiai iane?aeeo iiaeooue aooe: - iai?acaioaoeai?noue aeai?o eiie?aoiiai II?, ui icia/a?, ui aea?? o ?icaeyaeoaai?e neooaoe?? aeiaaea? c iaeano? na?aaeiuei? (?aoe?iiaeueii?) iiaaae?iee, ye aeiaaeeiaa cia/aiiy; - i?eioeei?aeueia iaaaeaeaaoi?noue i?eeiyoi? iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy a oe?eiio, ui icia/a? iaa??iee aea?? no?oeoo?e (e?eueeino? e ci?noo) oa?aeoa?enoee aeueoa?iaoea. Oaeei /eiii, noi?ni?noue ??aiyiue ? ?iaeeeaoi?ii aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? (18) ?aaeueiiio aeai?ia?. Ia oeueiio i?aea?oio? a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii oi?iaeueiee aia?ao ioe?iee aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? (18), ui aaco?oueny ia ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aaaaoi?acia? aeai?e II?. Aeey oeueiai iane?aeee aeai?o ?icaeyaeathoueny ye aeiaaeeiaa aaee/eia. Oea aeicaieeei noi?ioaaoe noaoenoe/io a?iioaco aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? (18) oa e?eoa??? ia?aa??ee ?? i?aaeeueiino?. *a?ac i?eioeeiia? iniaeeaino? iaoiaeo eiiia?aoi?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iaiiaeeeai aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e ooieoe?? u?eueiino? ?iciiae?eo aeiaaeeiai? aaee/eie (aiia iaaoaa? cia/aiue 0 oa 1), oiio a ?iaio? aeei?enoai? iaia?aiao?e/i? e?eoa??? «ciae?a» oa «na??e» ia?aa??ee noaoenoe/ii? a?iioace ni?aaaaeeeaino? iiaeae? (18). Aiie a?oioothoueny ia aiae?c? ni?aa?aeiioaiue iiceoeaieo oa iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a aenia?eiaio?a ? iine?aeiaiino? ?o c’yaeaiiy. A ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? iacaai? e?eoa???. . I?e oeueiio aeieea? aea? a?oie caaea/: - aecia/aiiy iao?eoe? Ae ca ?aeeiei aeoii aeai?o e?aui? aeueoa?iaoeae eiie?aoiei II?; - ioe?iea ona?aaeiaiiai cia/aiiy iao?eoe? An? ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiiaeeie aeo?a aeai?o, oiaoi Ae iaeiiai aai aeae?eueeio II?. . Oiio a aeaiiio ?icae?e? ioe?iee iao?eoe? A aecia/athoueny naia a oaeeo oi?iao. Aeai?eoie ioe?iee Ae . : , (19) - iaiaaeaiiy-ia??aiino? iiaeae? (18). Ine?eueee an? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaeae? (18) e?i?ei?, caaea/a (19) caiaeeoueny aei caaea/? e?i?eiiai i?ia?aioaaiiy aeaeo , (20) . Ia?aaaae oaei? ioe?iee: ), ine?eueee aiia eaaeeoue a oeaio?? iaeano?; ; ?nio?. iiaeae? (18). C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy ioe?iee, iaenei?coth/i? neeo ia?aaaa, ia? aeaeyae . (21) ? iaaeiaeaoeiaeie. Iiceoeaia ye?noue ioe?iee (21) iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia ? iaeneiaeueii no?eeith. . Aeey aecia/aiiy oaeeo ioe?iie o ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii aea? iiaeae?. . Aeey oeueiai ae??oo?oueny 2n caaea/ e?i?eiiai i?ia?aioaaiiy aeaeo . (22) . Aeei?enoaiiy oeeo ioe?iie iiaea i?eaanoe aei iano?eeino? iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy. A?eueo no?eeeie ? ?ioa?aaeuei? ioe?iee, eio?? iaenei?cothoue neeo ia?aaaa ia?aii? aeueoa?iaoeae. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeaeue aeaeyaea? oae (23) - e?a? /anoeie ia??aiinoae iiaeae? (18). Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ??oaiue n iioei?caoe?eieo caaea/ e?i?eiiai i?ia?aioaaiiy aeaeo (23) aecia/a?ii iao?eoeth (24) aea eiaeiee ?yaeie ? aaeoi?ii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ia?aaaa a oi/oe? aeno?aioio (23) ii ai ci?ii?e. Ca iaae? ?ioa?aae?a iiaeeeaeo cia/aiue i?eeiathoueny , . (25) Oe? ?ioa?aaee iaio?, i?ae aecia/ai? ii iiaeae? (22). Iiaeae? oa aeai?eoie ioe?iee An?. Iienai? aeua iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aeicaieythoue ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe ia?aiao?e iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy ia iniia? ?aeeiiai aeoo i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy, ?aae?ciaaiiai II? a eiie?aoi?e neooaoe??, ? a?aeaeca?eaeth? eiai ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ia?aaaae. Aaeaeaaoi?noue iiaeae? aeai?o a oe?eiio caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ai?iaeoeoeaiino? ?acoeueoao?a, ?? oi?aa?naeueiino? oa ei?aeoiino? aeey aeayeiai eeano neooaoe?e oa ??cieo II?. O ca'yceo c oeei aeieea? caaea/a aecia/aiiy ona?aaeiaieo ioe?iie An? ia iniia? iaeii??aeii? aea??ee ?acoeueoao?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iao?eoeue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ia?aaaae Ae . A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae? e aeai?eoie ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/?, ci???ioiaai? ia ??cio oi?io iiaeaiiy ii/aoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ??ci? i?iaeaii? neooaoe?? ioe?ithaaiiy. aea n - ?ici??i?noue aaeoi?o ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ia?aaaa, m - /enei oaeeo aaeoi??a. Ia iniia? oe??? ?ioi?iaoe?? iiaeia noi?ioaaoe oi/eia? oa ?ioa?aaeuei? ioe?iee An?. A1. Oi?ioaaiiy oi/eiaeo ioe?iie. Eiaeai ?yaeie iao?eoe? Ae iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye oi/ea a n - i??iiio i?inoi??. Ca An? cai?iiiiiaaii i?eeiyoe oeaio? aaae aeacaii? iiiaeeie oi/ie c eii?aeeiaoaie , (26) . ii oi?ioe? (26) ca oiiae, ui aeaiaioe iao?eoe? N i?ae?aoiaothoueny ca oi?ioeith . (27) Aiaeia?/ia ioe?iea noi?iiaaia oaeiae aeey iiaeae? (21). AEiaeia c iaaaaeaieo ioe?iie ia ? oi/iith ? i?noeoue aeayeo iaaecia/ai?noue, yea iieno?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith e?iaa?noe/ieo ci?iieo oeio «i?eaeecii», «a?ey» ? oi?iae?co?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith aia?aoo ?icieoeo iiiaeei. A2. Oi?ioaaiiy ?ioa?aaeueieo ioe?iie. Iaea?eueo i?inoith ? ioe?iea aeaeo , (28) . Oiae? ia??aiino? (29) caeii ?iciiae?eo aaee/ei An? iiaeia aecia/eoe a?eueo oi/ii o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie. Oea noino?oueny oaeiae eiai noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a: iaoaiaoe/iiai i/?eoaaiiy, aeenia?n?? ? o. ?io. A. Ao?aeia ?ioi?iaoe?y iiaeaia o aeaeyae? ?ioa?aaeueieo ioe?iie cia/aiue Ae. Ia oe?e iniia? iaiao?aeii noi?ioaaoe ona?aaeiaio ioe?ieo aaeoi?a ia?aaaa An? . A1. Oi?ioaaiiy ?ioa?aaeueieo ioe?iie An? . A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaai? aeaa aeai?eoie aecia/aiiy iaae ?ioa?aaea An? . A ia?oiio aeiaaeeo aiie aecia/athoueny ca i?aaeeii . (30) . A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeioe?eueii ia?aeoe aei oi/eiaeo ioe?iie An?. A2. Aecia/aiiy oi/eiaeo ioe?iie An? . Oae? ioe?iee iiaeia aecia/eoe ii iaeiiio c i?aaee, ye? iienai? a ioieo? A1. Ioaea, ona?aaeiai? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a ia?aaaa An? iiaeooue caaeaaaoenue oi/eiai /e ?ioa?aaeueii ? aecia/aoenue aeaoa?i?iiaaii, eiia??iinii aai ca aeiiiiiaith e?iaa?noe/ieo ci?iieo. Ie??i oeueai, ia iniia? aiae?co An? iiaeia anoaiiaeoe a?aeiioaiiy ii?yaeeo ia iiiaeei? oa?aeoa?enoee aeueoa?iaoea, aii?yaeeoaaaoe ?o ca aaaeeea?noth. Aeey eiaeii? c oeeo oi?i iiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a ?icae?e? 2 aecia/aii i?aaeei oi?ioaaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?ii? ioe?iee oa ?aiaeoaaiiy aeueoa?iaoea. Aea?? oi?ie iiaeaiiy An? cae?enith?oueny II? ia iniia? ci?noiaiiai aiae?co iniaeeainoae caaea/?. ?acii c oeei aeieea? caaea/a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo iiaeaeae aecia/aiiy ? oi?i iiaea/? An?. Ca e?eoa??e ioe?iee a ?iaio? acyoi nooi?iue aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy ?aaeueiiio aeai?ia? ? noi?ioeueiaaii a?aeiia?aeiee oi?iaeueiee e?eoa??e. ye caaea/a eeaneo?eaoe?? ca e?eoa???i aeecueeino? Ae . Aeacaii ia ca'ycie oi?ioaaiiy e?eoa??th aeecueeino? ?c caaea/ath aecia/aiiy aaaaoioaeoi?ii? ioe?iee. ?icaeyioo? ??ci? iao?eee, a yeeo iiaea aooe noi?iiaaia ooieoe?y a?aenoai? a n - i??iiio i?inoi?? ? cai?iiiiiaaii i?eaeiaeueiee iaoiae oa aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy /enea ? neeaaeo iaeii??aeieo a?oi. Ei?aeoi?noue iaoiaeo a?aoiaioo?oueny aeaiia noaa?aeaeaiiyie a ?icae?e?. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe /aoaa?oiai ?icae?eo iioae?eiaai? a i?aoeyo [2, 12, 19]. O i'yoiio ?icae?e? «Iaoiaee oa aeai?eoie aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai ioe?ithaaiiy e i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a ianoaoe?iia?ieo nenoaiao» ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? caaea/? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue aeey ianoaoe?iia?ieo ia'?eo?a. Aei ieo, iai?eeeaae, a?aeiinyoueny nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? nenoaie, ui ooieoe?iiothoue a oiiaao ianoaa?eueiiai aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua. Iniiaia iniaeea?noue oeueiai eeano ia'?eo?a iieyaa? a neaae?e ia?aaeaa/oaaiino? iiaaae?iee ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, iai?eeeaae, oe?i, iiieoo, ??aith ieaoaae?a ? o.ae. Oea iia'ycaii c oei, ui aenieee aeeiai?ci oa /ano? aee?aeoeai? ae?? (caeiiioai?/?noue, ??oaiiy i?aai?a aeaaee, aee?aeoeae oeaio?aeueiiai aaieo) ia aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe aeinoaoiuei i?aaenoaaieoeuee? aea??ee cia/aiue aeine?aeaeoaaiiai i?ioeano oa oo?oaeiththoue i?iaiicoaaiiy ?o ?icaeoeo. A oaeeo oiiaao iaiao?aeii i?eeiyoe aoaeoeaia ??oaiiy aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeayei? iaoe i?aai?caoe?eii? nenoaie. A caaaeuei?e iinoaiiaoe? aeacaia neooaoe?y iiaea aooe ?ioa?i?aoiaaia ye caaea/a i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy a oiiaao ?eceeo oa iaaecia/aiino?. ?nio? caaaeueiee aia?ao ae??oaiiy oaei? caaea/?, yeee oeyoii aeai?o e?eoa???a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue (eiia??iiniiai, Eaieana, Aaeueaea, Ao?aeoey ? o.?io.) aaeaioo?oueny aei oi?ie iiaeaiiy oa nooiaiy aecia/aiino? ii/aoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Aea?? ??oaiiy a?oioo?oueny ia aiae?c? «ieao?aeii? iao?eoe?», yea i?noeoue ia?ae?e aeueoa?iaoeaieo iiaeeeaeo noai?a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua (i?e?iaee), a?eueo-iaio iiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i eiia??i?noue ?aae?caoe?? eiaeiiai ?c noai?a oa ioe?iea aoaeoo, yeee iiaeia aeinyaoe a eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo. Oi?ioaaiiy oaeee iao?eoe? ? oeaio?aeueiei iiiaioii i?ioeaaeo?e i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii i?ea?iaeueiee i?aeo?ae oa aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy aiaeiaa ieao?aeii? iao?eoe?. Caaea/a ?ioa?i?aoo?oueny oaeei /eiii. Ciai?oi? na?aaeiaeua ?icaeyaea?oueny ye neeaaeia nenoaia, noai yei? iieno?oueny aeayeei iaai?ii ia?aiao??a, ui ? ao?aeieie iaea?iaaieie ci?iieie aeey ea?iaaii? i?aai?caoe?eii? nenoaie. Eiie?aoio ?aae?caoe?th noaio ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua iacaaii noeaia???i. A caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo noai ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua iieno?oueny eiiiiceoe??th aeaoa?i?iiaaieo ia?aiao??a, aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei, aeiaaeeiaeo iiae?e oa aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a. A inoaii?o o?ueio aeiaaeeao ia?ii a?eueo-iaio iiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Ie??i oiai aaaaea?ii, ui a?aeiia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ia'?eoo aeicaiey? aecia/aoe ?aoe?iiaeueio iiaaae?ieo (??oaiiy) aeey aoaeue-yeiai noeaia??th oa ioe?ieoe eiai iane?aeee. Caaea/a iieyaa? o aeae?eaii? oa oi?ioaaii? oa?aeoa?enoee noeaia???a, ui aeineoue iiaii oa?aeoa?ecothoue iiaeeea? noaie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aeey ?? ae??oaiiy aeei?enoaii iaoiae noaoenoe/ieo aei?iaoaaiue (Iiioa-Ea?ei) oa ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi eiai ?aae?caoe??. A?i aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe aeiaaeeia? ?aae?caoe?? aaaaoii??ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ca ii/aoeiaith noaoenoe/iith ?ioi?iaoe??th. Ie??i oeueiai cai?iiiiiaaii i?ea?iaeueiee aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy a??ia?aeiino? ?aae?caoe?? eiaeiiai eiie?aoiiai noeaia??th. Ae?oaa caaea/a iieyaa? a ioe?ioe? iane?aee?a ?aae?caoe?? eiie?aoiiai noeaia??th ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua aeey ia'?eoa. A ?iaio? neioaciaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ye? aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe iane?aeee c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeai? ci?ie ia?aiao??a oe?eueiai? ooieoe??, iaiaaeaiue aai ?o eiiiiceoe??. A ?acoeueoao? aaaaoi?aciaiai iiaoi?aiiy iienaii? i?ioeaaeo?e oi?io?oueny aiaeia iao?eoe? ieaoaae?a, a eio??e aeae?eai? iiaeeea? noeaia??? ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, noi?iiaaia ioe?iea a??ia?aeiino? ?o ?aae?caoe?? oa ioe?iai? iane?aeee aeey ia'?eoa. Ine?eueee iane?aeee ? aaaaoioaeoi?ieie, oi ca?aeii c iaoiaeieia??th, ?ic?iaeaiith o aeena?oaoe??, oi?io?oueny neaey?ia ocaaaeueiaia ioe?iea. I?eeiyooy ??oaiiy a?oioo?oueny ia aecia/aii? eiii?ii?no i?ae eiai iioaioe?eiith aoaeoeai?noth ? aa??aoe?yie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aeey oeueiai iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue a?aeii? e?eoa???: eiia??iiniee, Eaieana, Aaeueaea, Ao?aeoey. Aiie ?icaeyioo? a ?icae?e?. Aea?? eiie?aoiiai e?eoa??y cae?enith?oueny II? ia iniia? a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae ia'?eoa, iiaiioe ?ioi?iaoe??, noeeueiino? aei ?eceeo ? o. ?io. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?icae?eo iioae?eiaai? a i?aoeyo [7, 18]. Oinoee ?icae?e «I?eeeaaee ae??oaiiy i?eeeaaeieo caaea/ aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai ioe?ithaaiiy, ?aiaeoaaiiy oa iioei?caoe??» i?enay/aii iieno aeayeeo iaea?eueo oeiiaeo caaea/ i?aai?caoe?eiiai oi?aae?iiy, aeey eio?eo iaiao?aeii oi?ioaaoe aaaaoioaeoi?i? ioe?iee. Cie?aia ?icaeyiooa caaea/a iioeiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo oeaio?ii iiii?ano?no i?ae i?aenenoaiaie, ye? a ?acoeueoao? aaia?othoue ??cii??aei? aoaeoe. Iieacaii, ui ae?iaie/? ooieoe??, ye? anoaiiaeththoue ca'ycie i?ae e?euee?noth aeae?eaiiai ?ano?no oa aaee/eiith eieaeueiiai aoaeoo, iiaeooue ?ioa?i?aooaaoenue ye ooieoe?y ei?eniino? eieaeueieo oaeoi??a, a ocaaaeueiaiee aoaeo - ye ocaaaeueiaia ooieoe?y ei?eniino?. Oea aeicaieeei aeei?enoaoe ?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaee aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy oa iioei?caoe?? aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/? ?iciiae?eo athaeaeaoo oa ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee i?aai?caoe?? ? o. ?io. ?icaeyioo? ??ci? neooaoe?? ca nooiaiai ii?ioi?iiaaiino? II? i?i aeaeyae oa ia?aiao?e ae?iaie/eo ooieoe?e oa nooiai? eii?aeeio?iino? i?aenenoai. Aeey eiaeii? c neooaoe?e cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?eeiyooy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ??oaiiy. Ae?oaith c ?icaeyiooeo ? caaea/a ?aiaeoaaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo ??oaiue, aei yei? cie?aia iaeaaeaoue aea?? iinoa/aeueieea /e i?ae?yaeieea, ioe?iea oaiaea?ieo i?iiiceoe?e ? o.ae. Oea oeiiaa caaea/a aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy. A ?icae?e? cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinii? ioe?iee yeino? aeueoa?iaoea oa ?o ?aiaeoaaiiy. Aeinoi?inoai cai?iiiiiaaieo ioe?iie a ?o i?ici?ino?, a?aoiaioiaaiino?, ?aeei?e iao?eoe?, iiaeeeaino? oieeiooe aaoi?eoa?iiai oeneo i?e ?o oi?ioaaii?. Ie??i oeueiai a ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooa caaea/a aenia?oiiai oi?ioaaiiy iiaeae? niaoe?ae?noa. Ia?oueny ia oaac? no?oeoo?a o/aiaeo aeenoeeie?i (e?euee?noue, iacaa, ci?no) oa ianya o/aiaeo caiyoue c eiaeii? c ieo. A ?ie? aenia?o?a aenooiathoue aeeeaaea/?, niiaeeaa/?, niaoe?ae?noe-i?aeoeee c aeaii? niaoe?aeueiino?. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy aenia?oieo ioe?iie aaaeeeaino? («aaae») eiaeii? o/aiai? aeenoeeie?ie ? ia oe?e iniia? ?iciiae?eo o/aiaeo ?ano?n?a. I?ioeaaeo?a iiaea ?aae?coaaoenue aeenoaioe?eii, oiaoi aac cai?o aenia?o?a a iaeiiio i?noe?, ? ia? ia?ae?/ai? aeua aeinoi?inoaa. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?icae?eo iioae?eiaai? a i?aoeyo [10, 13, 14, 17]. A aeiaeaoeao iaaaaeaii aeieoiaioe, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??: IAI "AeIC ?i. Iao?ianueeiai" i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, IAI "AeIE ?i. O. A. Aeca?aeeinueeiai" i. Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinuee, Ia'?aeiaiiyi "Oe?aoi?iao" i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee. INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE OA AENIIAEE A aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaii nenoaiiee aiae?c caaaeueii? i?iaeaie i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ? ia oe?e iniia? aeae?eaii eiioeaiooaeueiee aoai i?iaeaie - aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy oa ?aiaeoaaiiy iiiaeeie aeiionoeieo aeueoa?iaoea (??oaiue). Oea iia'yco?oueny c oi?iae?caoe??th iaeiiai c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aniaeo?a ?ioaeaeooaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie - i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. Ciaoiaeaeaiiy caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae oeueiai i?ioeano ? i?aaeiaoii oai??? ooo/iiai ?ioaeaeoo, a eiie?aoieo neooaoe?e - i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaieo iaoiae?a. Ioaea, oey i?iaeaia ia? caaaeueiioai?aoe/ia ? i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie caaaeueii? oai??? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy, ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a, iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, i?ioeaaeo? oa aeai?eoi?a, i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaieo ia caaea/? i?aai?caoe?eiiai oi?aae?iiy, ? ae??oaiiy ia oe?e iniia? iaeaaaeeea?oi? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iaeaie - noai?aiiy oai?aoe/iiai aaceno oa ?ino?oiaioa??th nenoai i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a i?aai?caoe?eieo nenoaiao. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? ianooii? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe. 1. Aaaaeaii iiiyooy oa cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy ooieoe?e ei?eniino? /anoeiaeo e?eoa???a (3). I?eioeeiiaith iniaeea?noth cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? ? iiaeeea?noue ?aae?caoe?? ia o?eueee e?i?eieo, aea e iae?i?eieo (aeioeeeo aai?o ? aiec) iiiioiiieo caeaaeiinoae ei?eniino? a?ae aaniethoiiai cia/aiiy /anoeiaiai e?eoa??y oeyoii aeai?o II? cia/aiiy aaeaioeaiiai ia?aiao?a. Oaeei /eiii, noai?ai? ia?aaeoiiae iiaoaeiae iae?i?eii? oai??? ei?eniino?. 2. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c oa aeae?eai? iniiai? neooaoe?? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy ?ioi?iiaaiino? II? i?i cia/aiiy aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a /anoeiaeo e?eoa???a ? oi?ie ?o i?aaenoaaeaiiy (aeaoa?i?iiaaii?, eiia??iinii?, ca aeiiiiiaith e?iaa?noe/ieo ci?iieo). Aeey eiaeii? c neooaoe?e iaa?oioiaaii i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaio iiaeaeue aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai ioe?ithaaiiy ? iioei?caoe??. Iieacaii, ui any ??ciiiai?oi?noue iiaeeeaeo neooaoe?e caiaeeoueny aei o?ueio iniiaieo iiaeaeae: aaeaeeoeaii?, iine?aeiaiiai aiae?co, i?i?iaenii? (iaenei?iii?) aai ?o eiia?iaoe??. , oey iiaeaeue aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe ye /anoeia? aeiaaeee aaeaeeoeaio, iine?aeiaiiai aiae?co oa i?i?iaenio (iaenei?iio) noaie aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy e iioei?caoe??. 4. Noi?ioeueiaaia e i?iaiae?ciaaia caaea/a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aaaa II? oa aeae?eai? aeaa i?aeoiaeo aei ?? ae??oaiiy: ?io?iniaeoeaiee, i???ioiaaiee ia niiioeaiiy II? aei ona?aeiieaiiy ? no?oeoo?ecaoe?? aeanieo ia?aaaa; ia'?eoeaiee, i???ioiaaiee ia noai?aiiy oi?iaeueieo iiaeaeae aecia/aiiy ia?aaaa II? ia iniia? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aaea i?eeiyoeo iei ??oaiue. 5. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c caaea/? ia'?eoeaii? ia?aiao?e/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeae? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai ioe?ithaaiiy, oiaoi caaea/? ioe?iee cia/aiue eiao?oe??io?a a?aeiinii? aaaeeeaino? /anoeiaeo e?eoa???a. Iieacaia iai?enoiniaai?noue aeey ?? ae??oaiiy eeane/ieo iaoiae?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee iiaiai oai?aoe/iiai aaceno, ui a?oioo?oueny ia ?aeayo eiiia?aoi?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??. 6. ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? eiiia?aoi?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? cia/aiue eiao?oe??io?a a?aeiinii? aaaeeeaino? /anoeiaeo e?eoa???a a iiaeae? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai ioe?ithaaiiy, ui a?oioo?oueny ia aaeaeeoeai?e oai??? ei?eniino?. Ii/aoeiaith ?ioi?iaoe??th aeey oe??? iiaeae? neoaeaoue ?acoeueoaoe ??oaiue, ?aaeueii ?aae?ciaaieo II?. . ia iniia? i?eeiyoeo ??oaiue. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaia?aiao?e/i? e?eoa??? ciae?a oa na??e aeey ia?aa??ee noaoenoe/ii? a?iioace aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy. . iiaea aecia/aoenue o aeaeyae?: oi/eiaeo cia/aiue; ?ioa?aaea iiaeeeaeo cia/aiue, ia yeiio ia?aaaae ia aecia/ai?, caaeai? o aeaeyae? ooieoe?? u?euei?no? ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae, caaeai? o aeaeyae? ?icieoeo iiiaeei. Eiaei?e c iiaeeeaeo ioe?iie a?aeiia?aeathoue i?aaeea i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, iienai? a ?icae?e? 2.3. ) aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? ioe?ithaaiiy oa iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy aeey oe??? iaoe e?eoa??y Oai?iaa. . 13. No?oeoo?iaaia i?iaeaia i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a ianoaoe?iia?ieo oiiaao ? aecia/ai? aea? iniiai? caaea/?: io?eiaiiy e?euee?nii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iane?aeee ci?i ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? ia?aiao??a nenoaie, oiaoi oi?ioaaiiy aiaeiaa ieao?aeii? iao?eoe?, ui iia'ycaii c iaiao?aei?noth oi?ioaaiiy iiiaeeie iii?ieo (noaa?eueieo) ??oaiue oa aecia/aiiyi aeey eiaeiiai c ieo iane?aee?a ci?ie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua; iaa?oiooaaiiy aeai?eoia aeai?o no?eeiai oa aoaeoeaiiai iii?iiai ??oaiiy ?c noi?iiaaii? iiiaeeie. 14. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeieia?y oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo ?aae?caoe?e noeaia???a ?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie. Iaoiaeieia?y a?oioo?oueny ia iaoiae? noaoenoe/ieo aei?iaoaaiue (Iiioa-Ea?ei) ? iieyaa? a oi?ioaaii? aeiaaeeiaeo aaeoi??a, eiiiiiaioaie yeeo ? aeiaaeeia? iiae??, aaee/eie oa ooieoe??. ?icaeyioo? aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo ?aae?caoe?e aeaiaioa?ieo eiiiiiaio. 15. ?icaeyioo? iniiai? i?aaeea oa e?eoa??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a oiiaao ?eceeo oa iaaecia/aiino? noiniaii aei ianoaoe?iia?ieo nenoai ? ??ciiiai?oi?e oi?i? iiaea/? oa nooiaiy iaaecia/aiino? ii/aoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. 16. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ?iciiae?eo iiii?ano?no a ???a?o?/ieo i?aai?caoe?eieo nenoaiao c a?aooaaiiyi ??ciiye?nieo aoaeo?a i?aenenoai caaaeath/e ia: ??ci? nooiai? ?ioi?iiaaiino? oeaio?o i?i aeaeyae oa e?euee?ni? ia?aiao?e ae?iaie/eo ooieoe?e aeaiaio?a nenoaie; ??ci? nooiai? eii?aeeiiaaiino? nenoaie oeaio?ii. Iiaeae? e aeai?eoie canoiniaothoueny i?e ae??oaii? ?yaeo i?eeeaaeieo caaea/ a nenoaiao ioi?oeeiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy, cie?aia i?e ieaioaaii? aeo?aoii? /anoeie athaeaeaoo, oi?aae?ii? ainiiaea?noaii i?noa, oi?ioaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee i?aai?caoe?? ? o. ?io. 17. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aaaaoioaeoi?ii? ioe?iee yeino? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeo?a. Iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? iicaooeny noa’?eoeaiino? oa aaoi?eoa?iino? ioe?iie ? io?eiaoe ia'?eoeai? a?aeiini? ioe?iea yeino? ??cieo aeueoa?iaoeaieo ??oaiue. Iaoiaeeea aeei?enoiaoaaeanue i?e ioe?ioe? oaiaea?ieo i?iiiceoe?e aeey ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoaeo?a?eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeaea iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe. 18. Neioaciaaia aenia?oia i?ioeaaeo?a oi?ioaaiiy iiaeae? niaoe?ae?noa, eio?a aeicaiey?: iiai?noth a?aoiaoaaoe aeiiae ??cieo a?oi aenia?o?a; oi?ioaaoe aoaeoeaio no?oeoo?o o/aiaiai ieaio ca neeaaeii aeenoeeie?i, ui aea/athoueny, oa ca ianyaii o/aiaeo ?ano?n?a (e?euee?noth aiaeei); ?aiaeoaaoe o/aia? aeenoeeie?ie ca cia/ei?noth aeey i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee. Ia iniia? oeueiai aeieeathoue iiaeeeaino? ia'?eoeaiiai oa a?aoiaioiaaiiai aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo eaae??a. O noeoiiino? io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aiinyoue nooo?aee aeeaae a oai??th aaaaoioaeoi?iiai (aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai) ioe?ithaaiiy e iioei?caoe?? ? ? iniiaith ae??oaiiy uiiaeaaaeeea?oi? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? caaea/? noai?aiiy i?iaeaiii-i???ioiaaieo nenoai i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a nenoaiao i?aai?caoe?eiiai oi?aae?iiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ianooiieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo. Iiiia?ao?? 1. Neioac eioi?iaoeeiiii–au/eneeoaeueiiai iaania/aiey ?ani?aaeaeaiiuo ANIE. *.1: Iaoiaeieiae/aneea e eino?oiaioaeueiua iniiau neioaca EAN / Y.A. Iao?ia, I.A. Aiiaiooaiaaeia, A.A. Aanaaa, A.E. Aa?neee, A.A. Aanei?iaaeiue, I.A. Ea/aiei, A.I. Iaacaaeueaeuaa; Iiae ?aae. Y.A. Iao?iaa. – Aooaaaae: ecae-ai «Ueui» AI ONN?, 1988. – 200 n. 2. Neioac eioi?iaoeeiiii-au/eneeoaeueiiai iaania/aiey ?ani?aaeaeaiiuo ANIE. *.2: Iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee e aeai?eoiu neioaca EAN / Y.A. Iao?ia, I.A. Aiiaiooaiaaeia, A.A. Aanaaa, A.E. Aa?neee, A.A. Aanei?iaaeiue, I.A. Ea/aiei, A.I. Iaacaaeueaeuaa; Iiae ?aae. Y.A. Iao?iaa. – Aooaaaae: ecae-ai «Ueui» AI ONN?, 1991. – 168 n. 3. Iao?ia Y.A., *aeieeia N.E., Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Iaoiaeieiaey no?oeoo?iiai nenoaiiiai aiaeeca e i?iaeoe?iaaiey e?oiiiianooaaiuo EON: Eiioeaioeey e iaoiaeu. *.1. – Oa?ueeia: ?oaeeii, 1997. – 140 n. Noaoo? 4. A?eoethe A.E., Iao?ia Y.A., Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Aiaeec e ?acaeoea iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo ?aeo??aioiuo aeai?eoiia iaeiaiueoeo eaaae?aoia aeey ioeaiee ia?aiao?ia, eciaiythueony ai a?aiaie // Eeaa?iaoeea e nenoaiiue aiaeec. – 1996. – ? 4. – N. 123 – 129. 5. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I., Iao?ia E.Y. Eiiia?aoi?iay eaeaioeoeeaoeey iiaeaeae eioaeeaeooaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe // Eeaa?iaoeea e nenoaiiue aiaeec. – 1996. – N5. – N. 48 – 58. 6. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Nenoaiieiae/aneee aiaeec i?iaeaiu iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiie iioeiecaoeee // ANO e i?eai?u aaoiiaoeee. – 1997. – ? 106.– N. 48 – 55. 7. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. I?eiyoea ?aoaiee a oneiaeyo ianoaoeeiia?iinoe ia?aiao?ia nenoaiu // Aanoiee Oa?niineiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1997. – ? 2. – N. 90 – 91. 8. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I., Iao?ia E.Y. Aaeaioeaiay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iiiaioaeoi?iiai ioeaieaaiey // Eeaa?iaoeea e nenoaiiue aiaeec. – 1997. – ? 3. – N. 90 – 97. 9. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I., Iao?ia E.Y. Oi?ie?iaaiea iiiaioaeoi?iuo ioeaiie i?e eioa?aaeueiii caaeaiee i?aaeii/oeoaeueiinoe oaeoi?ia // Eeaa?iaoeea e nenoaiiue aiaeec. – 1997. – ? 5. – N. 85 – 92. 10. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Yenia?oiua ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo ?aoaiee // Oai?ey e i?aeoeea iaoaeeo?aee. – 1998. – ? 3. – N. 57 – 58. 11. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I., Iao?ia E.Y. Eiiia?aoi?iay eaeaioeoeeaoeey ia?aiao?ia eeiaeiuo iiaeaeae iiiaioaeoi?iiai ioeaieaaiey // ?aaeeiyeeo?iieea e eioi?iaoeea. – 1998. – ? 2. – N. 41 – 43. 12. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Ioeaiea /eneaiiuo cia/aiee iao?eoeu i?aaeii/oaiee EI? i?e eiiia?aoi?iie eaeaioeoeeaoeee ia?aiao?ia iiaeaee iiiaioaeoi?iiai ioeaieaaiey // Eeaa?iaoeea e nenoaiiue aiaeec. – 1998. – ? 6. – N. 112 –120. 13. Iao?ia Y.A., Ieneeaeiaa A.I., Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Eiiieaen iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae oi?ie?iaaiey aeioiaeiie /anoe ianoiiai athaeaeaoa // Aanoiee Oa?niineiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1998. – ? 4. – N. 96 – 99. 14. Iao?ia Y.A., Ieneeaeiaa A.I., Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Ii?aaeaeaiea iioeiaeueiie no?oeoo?u ?anoiaeiie /anoe athaeaeaoa i?aaiecaoeee // Aanoiee Oa?niineiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1998. - ? 2 (4). – N. 89 – 95. 15. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I., Iao?ia E.Y., Iao?ia Y.A. Iinoaiiaea caaea/e oi?aaeaiey iiaaaeaieai nioeeaeueiie a?oiiu // I?iaeaiu aeiieee, aui. 50. – Oa?e?a: OOO?A, 1999. – N. 66 – 70. 16. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Iiaeaeue ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?ano?nia a nenoaiao n aunieie iaii?aaeaeaiiinoueth i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ooieoeee // Nenoaii? oaoiieia??. Nenoaie oi?aae?iiy, eiio?ieth oa oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee, aei 5. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: AIII «Nenoaiiua oaoiieiaee», 1999. – N. 87 – 91. 17. Iao?ia Y.A., Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Yenia?oiay i?ioeaaeo?a oi?ie?iaaiey iiaeaee niaoeeaeenoa // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, aei. 5. – E??iaia?aae: EAeOO, 1999. – N. 184 – 189. I?aoe? eiioa?aioe?e 18. Iao?ia Y.A., Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Iinoaiiaea e iiaeoiaeu e ?aoaieth i?iaeaiu i?eiyoey ?aoaiee a ?acaeaathueony nenoaiao // 4-y Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. "Oai?ey e oaoieea ia?aaea/e, i?eaia e ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee" ("Iiaua eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee"); iao/iua o?oaeu. – Oa?e?a: OOO?A, 1998. – N. 230 – 235. 19. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Iaia?aiao?e/aneea e?eoa?ee ioeaiee aaeaeaaoiinoe iiaeaee // 4-y Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. "Oai?ey e oaoieea ia?aaea/e, i?eaia e ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee" ("Iiaua eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee"); iao/iua o?oaeu. – Oa?e?a: OOO?A, 1998. – N. 236. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A.I. Iiaeaeue ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?ano?nia a nenoaiao n aunieie iaii?aaeaeaiiinoueth i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ooieoeee // I?aoe? i'yoi? Oe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioe?? c aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy "Aaoiiaoeea-98", /.2. – Ee?a: aeae-ai IOOO "EI?", 1998. – N. 179 – 181. Iaacaaeueaee?a A. I. «Iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? e i?ioeaaeo?e aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy ? ?aiaeoaaiiy aeueoa?iaoea o nenoaiao i?aai?caoe?eiiai oi?aae?iiy».- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.05.04 - nenoaiiee aiae?c ? oai??y iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue. - Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a, 1999. I?iaaaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy ? ?icaeoie oai??? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai (aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiiai) ioe?ithaaiiy oa aecia/aiiy a?aeiioaiiy ii?yaeeo ia iiiaeei? aeueoa?iaoea, ui ? iniiaiith caaea/ath i?iaeaie oi?iae?caoe?? i?ioean?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. A iaaeao aaeaeeoeaii? oai??? ei?eniino? neioaciaaia oi?aa?naeueia iiaeaeue aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ioe?ithaaiiy, aecia/ai? i?aaeea ?? aaeaioaoe?? aei eiie?aoieo i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e oa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee e aeai?eoie eiiia?aoi?ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?? /eneiaeo ia?aiao??a (ia?aaaa II?) ca i?eeiyoei ??oaiiyi. Cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a noaoe?iia?ieo oa ianoaoe?iia?ieo nenoaiao. ?icaeyioo? i?eeeaaei? caaea/? ?iciiae?eo ?ano?n?a, aenia?oiiai ioe?ithaaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo i?iiiceoe?e, oi?ioaaiiy iiaeae? niaoe?ae?noa. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oai??y ei?eniino?; aaaaoioaeoi?i? (aaaaoie?eoa??aeuei?) ioe?iee; i?eeiyooy ??oaiue; iniaa, ui i?eeia? ??oaiiy (II?); ia?aaaae II?; a?aeiioaiiy ii?yaeeo; eiiia?aoi?ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y; iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue. Iaacaaeueaeuaa A. I. «Iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee e i?ioeaaeo?u iiiaioaeoi?iiai ioeaieaaiey e ?aiaee?iaaiey aeueoa?iaoea a nenoaiao i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai oi?aaeaiey».- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.05. 04 - nenoaiiue aiaeec e oai?ey iioeiaeueiuo ?aoaiee. - Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieee Ieienoa?noaa ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Oa?ueeia, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iaiauaieth e ?acaeoeth oai?ee iiiaioaeoi?iiai ioeaieaaiey e ?aiaee?iaaiey aeueoa?iaoeaiuo ?aoaiee eae /anoe iauae i?iaeaiu i?eiyoey ?aoaiee. Aeooaeueiinoue enneaaeiaaiee naycaia n eioaineaiui aiaae?aieai YAI, eae eino?oiaioa aaoiiaoecaoeee eioaeeaeooaeueiuo i?ioeannia ai ana noa?u /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Yoi naycaii n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth oi?iaeecaoeee e aeai?eoiecaoeee eioaeeaeooaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, oeaio?aeueiui iiiaioii eioi?ie yaeyaony i?ioeann i?eiyoey ?aoaiee. I?ioeann i?eiyoey ?aoaiee ?anniao?eaaaony eae iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue yoaiia oi?ie?iaaiey oeaee, auaeaeaiey iiiaeanoaa aeiionoeiuo ?aoaiee, ioeaiee ea/anoaa ?aoaiee e iioeiecaoeee. Aaaeiaeoei ec ieo yaeyaony yoai oi?ie?iaaiey iiiaioaeoi?iuo neaey?iuo ?aoaiee e i?aaee onoaiiaeaiey ioiioaiey ii?yaeea (?aiaee?iaaiey) aeiionoeiuo ?aoaiee. ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia, iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae e i?ioeaaeo? ?aoaiey oeacaiiie i?iaeaiu yaeyaony oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiee. Aeey aeinoeaeaiey oeacaiiie oeaee a aeenna?oaoeee aua?ai oai?aoe/aneee aacen , a ?aieao eioi?iai neioace?oaony iiaeaeue, i?iaaaeaii aai iaiauaiea e ?acaeoea, ?aoaiu caaea/e no?oeoo?iie e ia?aiao?e/aneie eaeaioeoeeaoeee iiaeaeae iiiaioaeoi?iiai neaey?iiai ioeaieaaiey, ?ac?aaioaiu i?ioeaaeo?u e aeai?eoiu eo ?aaeecaoeee, ?anniio?aiu i?eeeaaeiua aniaeou eniieueciaaiey iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia a nenoaiao iiaeaea?aeee i?eiyoey ?aoaiee i?e oi?aaeaiee i?aaiecaoeeiiiuie iauaeoaie. A ea/anoaa oai?aoe/aneiai aacena iiiaioaeoi?iiai ioeaieaaiey i?eiyoa aeneiiaoe/aneay aaeaeeoeaiay oai?ey iieaciinoe. Iia iaiauaia ia neo/ae iaeeiaeiuo caaeneiinoae. Aeey yoiai a ?aaioa aaaaeaii iiiyoea ooieoeee iieaciinoe eieaeueiiai oaeoi?a e neioace?iaaia oieaa?naeueiay ooieoeey iieaciinoe, iicaieythuay ?aaeeciaaoue eae eeiaeiua, oae e iaeeiaeiua auioeeua aaa?o eee aiec caaeneiinoe iieaciinoe oaeoi?a io aai aaniethoiiai cia/aiey. Yoi iicaieyao neioace?iaaoue aieaa aaeaeaaoiua iiaeaee iiiaioaeoi?iiai ioeaieaaiey. Ia oeacaiiie oai?aoe/aneie iniiaa ?aoaia caaea/a no?oeoo?iiai neioaca iiaeaee iiiaioaeoi?iiai ioeaieaaiey e ?aiaee?iaaiey. Aeey yoiai iiiaeanoai aiciiaeiuo i?iaeaiii-i?eaioe?iaaiiuo neooaoeee no?oeoo?e?iaaiu ii noaiaie eioi?ie?iaaiiinoe eeoea, i?eieiathuaai ?aoaiea (EI?) i i?aaeii/oeoaeueiinoe eieaeueiuo oaeoi?ia (eiyooeoeeaioa ioiineoaeueiie aaaeiinoe), noaiaie iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe e oi?iu i?aaenoaaeaiey enoiaeiie eioi?iaoeee. Auaeaeaiu neooaoeee, eiaaea aaniaua eiyooeoeeaiou caaeaiu /eneaiii a aeaea oi/a/iuo eee eioa?aaeueiuo cia/aiee; ecaanoia oieueei ea/anoaaiiay eioi?iaoeey i i?aaeii/oeoaeueiinoe oaeoi?ia; eiee/anoaaiiay e ea/anoaaiiay eioi?iaoeey i i?aaeii/oeoaeueiinoe oaeoi?ia ionoonoaoao. I?e eioa?aaeueiii caaeaiee aaniauo eiyooeoeeaioia aioo?e eioa?aaea i?aaeii/oaiey iiaoo ionoonoaiaaoue eee caaeaaaoueny a aa?iyoiinoiii aeaea eee a aeaea ooieoeee i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe ?aciuoui iiiaeanoaai. Aeey eaaeaeie ec neooaoeee neioace?iaaia i?iaeaiii-i?eaioe?iaaiiay iiaeaeue iiiaioaeoi?iiai ioeaieaaiey e ?aiaee?iaaiey. Iieacaii, /oi ana iie naiaeyony e ecaanoiui iiaeaeyi aaeaeeoeaiiai, iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai e ieieiaeniiai ioeaieaaiey eee eo eiiiiceoeee. Eae iaiauaiea a ?aaioa neioace?iaaia aaeeiay oieaa?naeueiay aaeaioeaiay iiiaioaeoi?iay ioeaiea, iicaieythuay ?aaeeciaaoue eae /anoiua neo/ae ana i?iaeaiii-i?eaioe?iaaiiua iiaeaee. Aaaeiaeoae caaea/ae ?anniao?eaaaiie i?iaeaiu yaeyaony ia?aiao?e/aneay eaeaioeoeeaoeey iiaeaee ioeaieaaiey, o.a. ii?aaeaeaiea eiee/anoaaiiuo cia/aiee i?aaeii/oaiee EI?. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy yoa caaea/a ?aoaaony ia iniiaa eio?iniaeoeaiuo iaoiaeia: yenia?oiuo ioeaiie, aieaoe?iaaiey e o.ae. A ?aaioa ?ac?aaioaia oai?ey, iiaeaee e aeai?eoiu aeueoa?iaoeaiuo iaoiaeia eaeaioeoeeaoeee i?aaeii/oaiee EI?, iniiaaiiua ia eaeayo eiiia?aoi?iie eaeaioeoeeaoeee. I?aaeeiaeaiiue aiia?ao iicaieyao ii?aaeaeeoue ia iniiaa eioi?iaoeee i ?aaeueii i?eiyouo EI? ?aoaieyo /eneaiiua cia/aiey i?aaeii/oaiee a aeaea oi/a/iuo eioa?aaeueiuo ioeaiie, a oi?iao, aeey eioi?uo ?ac?aaioaiu i?iaeaiii-i?eaioe?iaaiiua iiaeaee ioeaieaaiey. I?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/aneia iainiiaaiea iaoiaeia, i?aaeeiaeaiu e?eoa?ee ioeaiee aaeaeaaoiinoe iiaeaeae, ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu on?aaeiaiey ioeaiie ii iiiaeanoao ?aaeecaoeee. I?eeeaaeiay oeaiiinoue iieo/aiiuo oai?aoe/aneeo ?acoeueoaoia eeethno?e?oaony ?yaeii i?eeeaaeiuo caaea/, ?aoaiea eioi?uo iniiaaii ia iiiaioaeoi?iii ioeaieaaiee e ?aiaee?iaaiee. E iei ioiineony caaea/a i?eiyoey ?aoaiee ii oi?aaeaieth i?aaiecaoeeiiiie nenoaiie a oneiaeyo ?enea e iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe, iaoneiaeaiiuo ianoaoeeiia?iie, neaaii?iaiice?oaiie aiaoiae n?aaeie; oi?aaeaiea eiaanoeoeeiiiui athaeaeaoii i?aaiecaoeee, eiiieaeniie ioeaieie neiaeiuo oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo ?aoaiee oeia oaiaea?iuo i?aaeeiaeaiee; oi?ie?iaaiey iiaeaee niaoeeaeenoa. A niaieoiiinoe iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou iiaoo noaoue aaciaui aeieii nenoaiu iiaeaea?aeee i?eiyoey ?aoaiee a oneiaeyo iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiinoe e aunieie iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe enoiaeiie eioi?iaoeee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: oai?ey iieaciinoe; iiiaioaeoi?iua (iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiua) ioeaiee; i?eiyoea ?aoaiee; eeoei, i?eieiathuaa ?aoaiea (EI?); i?aaeii/oaiey EI?; ioiioaiey ii?yaeea; eiiia?aoi?iay eaeaioeoeeaoeey; iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue. Ovezgeldiyev A.O. "Mathematical Models and Procedures of Multifactor Estimation and Ranking of Alternatives in the Systems of Organizational Control". The Dissertation is the manuscript presented for the scientific degree of the Doctor of Technical Sciences on the speciality 01.05.04 – System Analysis and Theory of Optimal Decision Making – Kharkov State Technical University of Radioelectronics, Ministry of Education of Ukraine, Kharkov, 1998. Theory of multifactor (multicriteria) estimation and determining the order ratio on a range of alternatives was generalized and developed which is the principal task for the problem of formalization of decision making processes. Within the framework of additive theory of utility universal model of multifactor estimation was synthesized, rules of its adapting to specific problem situations were determined and methods and algorithms of comparator identification of its numerical parameters (decision-maker preferences) on decisions taken were developed. Models of decision-making in stationary and non-stationary systems are offered. Applied problems of resources distribution, expert estimation of technicoeconomic offers forming specialist model are considered. Key words: theory of utility; multifactor (multicriteria) estimates; decision-making; decision-maker; decision-maker preferences; comparator identification; mathematical model.

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