Маневреність та стійкість руху автопоїзда із самовстановлювальною віссю напівпричепа: Автореф. дис… канд. техн.наук / О.А. Крестьянполь, Укр. трансп

15

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEEE O?AINII?OIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

E?ANOUessIIIEUe Ieaia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 629.114.001.5

IAIAA?AI?NOUe OA NO?EE?NOUe ?OOO AAOIII?CAeA C NAIIANOAIIAETHAAEUeIITH
A?NNTH IAI?AI?E*AIA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.22.02 — aaoiiia?e? ? o?aeoi?e

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai
nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? “Aaoiiia?e?” Oe?a?inueeiai o?ainii?oiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naoii Aieiaeeie?
I?ioi?iae/, caa?oaa/ eaoaae?e “Aaoiiia?e?” Oe?a?inueeiai o?ainii?oiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caneoaeaiee aeiao?aeiee Oe?a?ie Aeiiyi ?oaai Aaaa?iae/, aeaaeai?e
O?ainii?oii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe caa?aeoaa/ naeoi?a ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii?
aeieoiaioaoe?? aeine?aeieoeueei-aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o
Aea?aeaaoio?ainIAe?i?iaeo Aaa?a Aieiaeeie? Ai?eniae/

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_14”aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10_aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.059.01 aeey caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
i?e Oe?a?inueeiio o?ainii?oiiio oi?aa?neoao? (252010, Ee?a-10, aoe.
Noai?iaa,1) a aoaeeoi??? 333-a.

3 aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
o?ainii?oiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (aoe. E?ea?aeca, 40)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_14_”_aa?aniy_ 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niauae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, i?ioani?
I.I.Aeieo???a

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

A oiiaao c?inoath/eo u?eueiinoae o?ainii?oieo iioie?a,
ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? aaeeeiaaaiaeo e?oiiiaaaa?eoieo aaoiiia?e?a ?
aaoiii?cae?a ia aei?iaao e?a?ie iiaeeea?noue iiaeaeueoiai i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? AOC ca ?aooiie ?inoo na?aaei?o oaeaeeinoae ?ooo
?noioii iaiaaeaia aeiiaaie aaciaee. O ca’yceo c oeei ia?niaeoeaiei
? aeei?enoaiiy aaoiii?cae?a aaeeei? aaioaaeii?aeeiiiino? a neeaae?
n?aeaeueieo oyaa/?a ? o?ea?nieo iai?ai?e/ai?a, ni?iiiaeieo ia?aaiceoe
??ciiiai?oi? aaioaae? ye o i?noeaaiio, oae ? i?aei?nueeiio ?
i?aeia?iaeiiio niieo/aiiyo. Iaiao?aei?noue aeio?eiaiiy inueiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy, iaoiiaeaiiai o?ainii?oiei caeiiiaeaanoaii e?a?ie,
ciooo? ca?eueooaaoe /enei inae, iiaeiaaeoaaoe iai?ai?e/?i, a oea
iia??oo? aienoaai?noue aaoiii?caea a iiai?io. Ca?eueoaiiy aaaa?eoii?
nioae ?ooo /AN?/ noai?th? iaaaciaeo aeey cono??/iiai o?ainii?oo,
oo?oaeith? i?i?cae o i?nueeeo oiiaao ?, a inoaoi/iiio i?aenoieo, cieaeo?
na?aaeith oaeaee?noue ?ooo. Ine?eueee iie?ioaiiy aienoaaiino?
aaoiii?caea a iiai?io ca ?aooiie ea?iaaieo inae (eie?n) a?cea
iai?ai?e/aia iia??oo? no?ee?noue i?yiie?i?eiiai ?ooo, oi a ?o
eiino?oeoe?? iaiao?aeii ia?aaeaa/eoe i?eno?i?, ui ciaioothoue aeeyiiy
i?e/?iieo eaiie.

A?aeiii, ui aeiaeaoeiaee iaaaoeaiee aieea ia no?ee?noue ?ooo
cae?enith? nenoaia ea?oaaiiy eieanaie iai?ai?e/aia. Oiio i?e i?aeoe/i?e
?aae?caoe?? i?eaiaeo oi?aae?iiy aaoiii?caea ?c caiianaiiaethaaeueiith
a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia (oiaoi a?nnth, eiaeia eieani yei? iiaea iiaa?oaoeny
iaaeiei nai?? in? oeai?iy, i?e/iio eieana c’?aeiai? i?ae niaith ca
aeiiiiiaith ?oeueiai? o?aiaoe?? ?c noaa?e?coth/ei i?eno?i?i) iaiao?aeiee
anaa?/iee aiae?c ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a ye oeo, ui ni?eythoue iiai?ioo
eie?n naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in?, oae ? oeo, ui iiai?ioo
ia?aoeiaeaeathoue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii a iaaeao
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “I?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino? ?ooo aaoiiia?e?a ?
aaoiii?cae?a ca ?aooiie a?eueo iiaiiai iae?eo ia?aiao??a nenoaie
“Aaoiiia?eue – iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua”, ui ?ic?iaey?oueny eaoaae?ith
“Aaoiiia?e?” (oaia caoaa?aeaeaia Oe?a?inueeei o?ainii?oiei oi?aa?neoaoii
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, iaeac ?12 a?ae 23.01.1996 ?.)

Iaoa ? caaea/? ?iaioe. Iaoith ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a
iaiaa?aiino? ? no?eeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith
a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? iinoaaeai? oae?
caaea/?:

1. Aeoiaey/e ?c ae?th/eo ii?iaoea?a aecia/eoe iaeneiaeueio aeiaaeeio
aaoiii?caea c iaea?iaaiei iai?ai?e/aiii ? aaoiii?caea c
naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia.

2. ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ieineiia?aeaeueiiai ?ooo
aeaioeaieiaiai aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth
iai?ai?e/aia ? iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a eiai iaiaa?aiino?.

3. Iaa?oiooaaoe eooe onoaiiaee eie?n naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in?
iai?ai?e/aia.

4. Aeeiiaoe eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy ?ooo aaoiii?caea c
naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia ? i?iaanoe aiae?c aieeao
eiino?oeoeaieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a ia eiai aienoaai?noue a
iiai?io ? no?ee?noue ?ooo.

5. I?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeaoa aaoiii?caea ?
anoaiiaeoe aaeaeaaoi?noue iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ieineiia?aeaeueiiai ?ooo
?aaeueiei i?ioeanai.

6. ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a no?eeino? ?ooo
aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aee iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy
i?yiie?i?eiiai ? e?oaiaiai ?oo?a aaoiii?caea, aaaaoiaa??aioi?
?ic?aooiee ia AII oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeaoa
aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia.

Iaoeiao iiaecio ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue:

— iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ieineiia?aeaeueiiai ?ooo aeaioeaieiaiai
aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia c ??ciei
nooiaiai ?aeaae?caoe?? iiaeae? aaoiii?caea ? aeanoeainoae eiai eie?n;

— iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy e?eoe/ii? ? a?aie/ii? oaeaeeino? ii/aoeo
eieeaaeueii? iano?eeino? aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth
iai?ai?e/aia, yea aeicaiey? i?aeae?aoe oa iioei?coaaoe ia?aiao?e
eie?niiai iiaeoey iai?ai?e/aia oa aaoiii?caea a oe?eiio, caaaeyee /iio
caaacia/o?oueny no?ee?noue eiai ?ooo a iaaeao aenieoaoaoe?eieo
iaaaioaaeaiue oa oaeaeeinoae;

— iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy eoo?a iaoeeo in? oeai?iy
naiianoaiiaethaaeueieo eie?n iai?ai?e/aia, ui caaacia/o? iaiao?aei?
iieacieee iaiaa?aiino? oa no?eeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea.

Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/aia ei?aeoiei
aeei?enoaiiyi ?nioth/eo iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a ? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue
oai?aoe/ii? iaoai?ee ? oai??? aaoiiia?ey, canoinoaaiiyi no/anii?
eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeueii? aia?aoo?e ? cania?a iaoaiaoe/iiai
ii?aoethaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaeaoa
aaoiii?caea ? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny caaeia?eueiei ca?aii ?acoeueoao?a
aiae?oe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae ocaiaeaeaiiyi
?o ?c ?acoeueoaoaie, io?eiaieie ?ioeie aaoi?aie.

I?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue
?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ?ooo aaoiii?caea c
naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia, ye? aeicaieythoue ca
caaeaieie eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie i?iaiicoaaoe iaiaa?ai?noue ?
no?ee?noue aaoiii?caea ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy, nei?i/oth/e i?e
oeueiio /an ? aeo?aoe ia noai?aiiy iiaeo ? iiaea?i?caoe?th ?nioth/eo
aaoiii?cae?a; eooe onoaiiaee naiianoaiiaethaaeueieo eie?n iai?ai?e/aia,
ye ooieoe?? eiai aaiiao?e/ieo, eiiiiioaaeueieo, ?ia?oe?eieo ?
aenieoaoaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a. Oe? ooieoe?? aecia/ai? ca oiiae
caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo iieaciee?a no?eeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea i?e eiai
i?yiie?i?eiiio ? e?eaie?i?eiiio ?ooao (i?e a?aeiinii iaeeo cia/aiiyo
?aae?ona e?eaecie o?a?eoi???).

Canoinoaaiiy naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in? iai?ai?e/aia aeicaiey?
ciaioeoe ?aae?on iiai?ioo aaoiii?caea a na?aaeiueiio ia 20 % (??cieoey a
cia/aiiyo ?aae?on?a iiai?ioo ea?iaaiiai ? iaea?iaaiiai aaoiii?cae?a i?e
??ciiiai?oieo cia/aiiyo eooa iiai?ioo ia?aaei?o eie?n oyaa/a
eieeaa?oueny a?ae 17 aei 24 %%).

?aae?caoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? i?eeiyo? aei
aeei?enoaiiy I?iaeoii- iiooeiaei ? eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/iei
?inoeoooii «Ee?anueeee aoaei?iaeo» — o ?ic?iaeao aaoiii?cae?a c
naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia.

I a c a o e n o a e i i n y o ue n y: iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?
ieiceiia?aeaeueiiai ?ooo aeaioeaieiaiai aaoiii?caea c
naiianoa-iiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia; iaoiaeeea ??oaiiy caaea/?
i?i e?oaiaee ?oo oaeiai aaoiii?caea; ?acoeueoaoe eiii’thoa?iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ?ooo aaoiii?caea oa aiae?c aieeao eiino?oeoeaieo ?
aenieoaoaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a ia aienoaai?noue aaoiii?caea a iiai?io;
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue no?eeino? ?ooo iaeaoa
aaoiii?caea; ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aecia/aiiy eoo?a iaoeeo in? oeai?iy
eie?n naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in? iai?ai?e/aia, ye? caaacia/othoue
iaiao?aei? iieacieee iaiaa?aiino? e no?eeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ai ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo
aecia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie iaea?iaaiiai aaoiii?caea oa
aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia; iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue ieineiia?aeaeueiiai ?ooo aeaioeaieiaiai aaoiii?caea a
iae?i?ei?e iinoaiiaoe?, yea aeicaieeea aecia/eoe e?euee?noue
noaoe?iia?ieo ?oo?a aaoiii?caea ? oa?aeoa? ?o no?eeino?; iaoiaeeeo
aecia/aiiy eoo?a iaoeeo in? oeai?iy naiianoaiiaethaaeueieo eie?n
iai?ai?e/aia, ui caaacia/o? iaiao?aei? iieacieee iaiaa?aiino? e
no?eeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ia eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei
aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Oe?a?inueeiai o?ainii?oiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1998,
1999 ?.?.), ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
«Oaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoeaieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo iieaciee?a
aaoiiia?e?a ? aei?iaei?o iaoei (i.Ee?a 1998, 1999 ?.?.) oa “Metody
obliczeniowe i badawcze w rozwoju pojazdow samochodowych i maszyn
roboczych samojezdnych” (Iieueua, AEaooa, 1998 ?.), Y I?aeia?iaeiiio
neiiic?oi? ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a o Eueaia? (1999 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aena?oeai? a 7
ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 4
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, yeee iae?/o? 164
iaeiaioaaiiy. Iiaiee ia’?i aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 165 noi??iie, c ieo
90 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 61 ?enoiie ia 51 noi??ioe?, 8 oaaeeoeue ia
9 noi??ieao, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia 15 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa
? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaeyaeo oa aiae?co ii?iaoeaieo iaiaaeaiue
ianiaeo ? aaaa?eoieo ia?aiao??a aaoiii?cae?a, a oaeiae iaoiae?a
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o iaia?aiino? oa no?eeino? ca ?aooiie canoinoaaiiy ye
nenoai oi?aae?iiy i?e/?iieie eaieaie, oae ? aeei?enoaiiy
naiianoaiiaethaaeueieo inae iai?ai?e/ai?a.

Iaeyae a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo ioae?eaoe?e ii aeine?aeaeaiith
nenoai ea?oaaiiy aaoiiia?e?a ? aaoiii?cae?a ? aeeiai?/ii? iiaaae?iee
?oi?o eaiie iieaco?, ui a aeaiee /an iaia? caaaeueiii?eciaieo
iaeiaeiaeo i?aeoiae?a i? aei ?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?, i? aei
iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo aeey ?? aiae?co. Oiio neacaoe cacaeaeaa?aeue, ye
iiai?io eie?n iai?ai?e/aia aieeia ia ea?iaai?noue ? no?ee?noue
aaoiii?caea i?e ?on? c aaeeeith oaeaee?noth a caaaeueiiio o?ainii?oiiio
iioioe?, ia aeeiiaa a?aeiia?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaiiaeeeai. An?
oe? ianoaaeie ? ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a caaea/ao aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaiaa?aiino? ? no?eeino? aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth
iai?ai?e/aia.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aecia/aiith iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie
iaea?iaaiiai aaoiii?caea, a oaeiae iieaciee?a iaiaa?aiino?, noaoe/ii? ?
aeeiai?/ii? iiai?ioeino? ye iaea?iaaiiai aaoiii?caea, oae ? aaoiii?caea
c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia.

Iaeneiaeueii i?eionoei? aace iaea?iaaieo iai?ai?e/ai?a, ye i?aaeei,
ioe?iththoueny ii aaaa?eoi?e nioc? ?ooo aaoiii?caea ii ia?ao?aeiei
e?eaei aei??a ? ia ia?ao?anoyo.

Ia ?en.1 iiaeaia ?ic?aooieiaa noaia ia??aiii??iiai iiai?ioo o?ea?niiai
a?cea iai?ai?e/aia c caaeiueith naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth
iai?ai?e/aia. Neee, ui ae?thoue ia a?cie i?e iiai?io?, i?eaiaeyoueny aei
iiia?a/ieo /a?/ieo/ P?, ?ia?oe?eieo Pj? ? iiaeiaaei?o Pf? , i?eeeaaeaieo
aei na?aaeei an?o inae, ? ooiaoath/i? neee Pii , a iiiaioe — aei
noia?iiai iiiaioo iii?o iiai?ioo Mc, ?ia?oe?eiiai iiiaioo Mj ?
iiaa?oaeueiiai iiiaioo eie?n naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in? — Ii.

??aiyiiy e?iaoinoaoeee iai?ai?e/aia i?e oiia?, ui e?iaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e
?ooo ia caeaaeaoue a?ae oyaiai? aeeiai?ee aaoiii?caea, caienai? o
aeaeyae?:

 x = 0 — Pf1-Pf2-Pf3 +Pii — Pj1 — P3 (c+3)+P3c- Pj2 -Pj3=0

 y = 0 — P1-P2-P3+P1+P2+P3cosc+Pfcc+Pj3(c +3 =0
(1)

 M =0 Mc + Mj- Ii + P2(L — l) + P3L+ PfccL+ Pj3(c+3) )+ P3 (c+3)L-

— P2(L — l) = 0

I?e onoaeaiiio iiai?io? a?aeoeaio?ia? neee inae P1, P2, ? P3=0. A
oeueiio aeiaaeeo ni?eueiee ?ica’ycie ??aiyiue (1) aecia/a? ia?aiao?e
noaoe/ii? iiai?ioeino? iai?ai?e/aia – e?eaecio o?a?eoi??? (?aae?on
iiai?ioo), cnoa oeaio?a iiai?ioo ? eoo neeaaeaiiy aaoiii?caea:

wmetafile8? ??;???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyyA ???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????A i?eaaaeaieo ??aiyiiyo d12, d13, d14 –
noae? eiao?oe??ioe, ye? aecia/athoueny eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie
iai?ai?e/aia.

Io?eiai? ??aiyiiy aoee iieeaaeai? a iniiao ?ic?aooie?a ia?aiao??a
noaoe/ii? iiai?ioeino? iai?ai?e/aia. ?ic?aooiee aeeiiai? aeey aeaio
noai?a naiianoaiiaethaaeueieo eie?n: caaeieiaai? oa ?icaeieiaai?; i?e
?on? c iaeith onoaeaiith oaeaee?noth, eiee a?aeoeaio?ia? neee iiaeia ia
a?aoiaoaaoe. O aeiaaeeo ?ooo c ?icaeieiaaieie eieanaie aaaaeaeiny, ui
aiie naiianoaiiaeththoueny ? eioyoueny aac eiacaiiy, a a?/i? ?aaeoe??
ia ieo iaaeeaeathoueny aei ioey.

Aeo?aeieie aeaieie aeey ?ic?aooieo aaoiii?caea o neeaae?
aaoiiia?ey-oyaa/a E?AC-6444 oa VOLVO FH-12 ? o?ea?niiai iai?ai?e/aia c
oeiaie ?ici??o 365/80/R20 neoaoaaee: eiao?oe??io iii?o aieiaiio
a?aeaaaeaiith eie?n ia?aaeiuei? in? oyaa/a 167, na?aaeiuei? ? caaeiuei?
– 296, inae iai?ai?e/aia – 195 eI/?aae , aaca aaoiiia?ey-oyaa/a –
4080+1400 (E?AC) ? 2900+1300 ii (VOLVO), aaca iai?ai?e/aia
6390+1310+1310 ii.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo, ?en.2, iieacaee: oe?eia aaaa?eoii? nioae ?ooo
aaoiii?caea c aeieiaaieie eieanaie iai?ai?e/aia i?e ?aae?on? iiai?ioo
12,5 i neeaaea? 8,28 i (E?AC) ? 7,78 i (VOLVO). I?e ?icaeieiaaieo
eieanao aiia ciaioo?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei 7,21 ? 6,67 i, ui, i/aaeaeii,
aeieaco? ia?aaaae eiino?oeoe?? c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth
iai?ai?e/aia.

A aeo?aeieo aeaieo aeey ?ic?aooieo iiai?ioo c ?icaeieiaaieie eieanaie
i?eeiaeiny, ui a?/i? ?aaeoe?? ia ieo a?aenooi? (Rac==0). I?ioa
?acoeueoao ?ic?aooieo aeaa cia/aiiy a?/ii? ?aaeoe?? aeecueei Rac=1,98
eI, ui iaeaea ia ii?yaeie iaioa, i?ae i?e caaeieiaaieo eieanao. I?e
oeueiio ? ia eieanao ia?aaeiuei? in? aiia ciaioo?oueny a 1,69 ?aca.
Oaeei /eiii, i?e ?on? aaoiii?caea c ?icaeieiaaieie eieanaie
?iciiae?e a?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue a?eueo ni?eyoeeaee, ioaea, ciin oei —
iaioa.

O i?ioean? ?ic?aooie?a aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea aaee/eie iiiaioo
iii?o iiai?ioo ia e?iaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e iiai?ioo. Cie?aia, aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui aeiiae aei oeueiai iiiaioo ? noia?a/eeaeie: aeey
caaeia?eueii? noaa?e?caoe?? ? no?eeino? ea?iaaieo eie?n a?i iiaeiai
aooe iaeneiaeueiei, a aeey caaacia/aiiy iaeaaeieo iieaciee?a
iaiaa?aiino? — i?i?iaeueiei. Eiii?ii?nia ??oaiiy ciaoiaeeoueny ca
?aooiie eoo?a iaoeeo in? oeai?iy o iicaeiaaei?e ? iiia?a/i?e ieiueiao,
ca yeeo iiiaioe iii?o iiai?ioo ? a?/ieo ?aaeoe?e caeeaeathoueny i?ae
niaith.

Ia ?en.3 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iiiaio?a iii?o iiai?ioo ?
a?/ieo ?aaeoe?e ia eieanao naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in? iai?ai?e/aia a
caeaaeiino? a?ae eoo?a iaoeeo in? oeai?iy. Aiae?c i?iaaaeaieo
?ic?aooie?a aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy eoo?a iaoeeo in?
oeai?iy, ye? aeey iai?ai?e/aia, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, neeaee: — eoo iaoeeo
in? oeai?iy o iicaeiaaei?e ieiuei? o = — 0,035; — eoo iaoeeo in? oeai?iy
a iiia?a/i?e ieiuei? o =0,115 ?aae.

I?e aecia/aii? ia?aiao??a aeeiai?/ii? iiai?ioeino? iai?ai?e/aia ??aiyiiy
e?iaoinoaoeee aeey iaonoaeaiiai ?ooo i?eaiaeyoueny aei aeaeo:

wmetafile8? ??u????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyyA??g?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??a???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/2yyyA??y?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????H???8 ???@???5???u
y??????aea A,B, C,D, E, F – noae? eiao?oe??ioe, ui aecia/athoueny
ia?aiao?aie iai?ai?e/aia ? ?aaeeiii ?ooo aaoiii?caea

Oey nenoaia ??aiyiue i?ney ?yaeo ia?aoai?aiue i?eaiaeeoueny aei
iae?i?eiiai aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo

wmetafile8? ??C???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy!yyy ??!?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th????????oaiiy aeaiiai ??aiyiiy caienaii o
aeaeyae?: 

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aA!???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy?!??

?en.1,2

wmetafile8? ??I???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a4???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¤yyy 4??$?? ???&?
?MathType??a???u?yTH????? aea N1 ? N2.- noae? eiao?oe??ioe, ui
aecia/athoueny ?c ii/aoeiaeo oiia.

Aeine?aeeii oiiae, ca yeeo iai?ai?e/?i aoaeao cae?enithaaoe no?eeee ?oo
aac eooiaeo iiia?a/ieo ai?eciioaeueieo eieeaaiue.

I?e noaeeo eiao?oe??ioao A,B, C,D, E, F ?oo a?cea iai?ai?e/aia aoaea
no?eeei o oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee a caaaeueiiio ?ioaa?ae? ??oaiiy iiaiiai
aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy neeaaeiaa a?ae /anoeiaiai ??oaiiy aoaea
iaaeeaeaoeny aei ioey, oiaoi

wmetafile8? ??u????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyya??`?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th??????aea ?1 ? ?2 – ei?ai? oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai
??aiyiiy

Oea iiaeeeai oiae?, eiee

wmetafile8? ??’???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@ ??”?? ???&? ?MathType??
????u?th?????? Oiiaa, ca yei? aeeiio?oueny oey ia??ai?noue, iiaea
aooe ciaeaeaia i?ney i?aenoaiiaee cia/aiue eiao?oe??io?a B, C, D, E.
I?e oeueiio iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui oe? eiao?oe??ioe ia i?noyoue
/eai?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue e?iaiaoeeo iiai?ioa iai?ai?e/aia. Ioaea,
io?eiai? ??aiyiiy ni?aaaaeeea? ye aeey ea?iaaieo iai?ai?e/ai?a, o oiio
/ene? ? c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth, oae ? iaea?iaaieo a?ce?a
iai?ai?e/ai?a.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iaae? i?ae no?eeei ? iano?eeei ?ooii a?cea iai?ai?e/aia
i?eeiaii a inoaiiueiio ae?ac? e?ao /anoeio ??aiith ioeth. Ae??ooth/e
io?eiaia a oaeee niin?a ??aiyiiy uiaei Vo, i?ney ianeeaaeieo
ia?aoai?aiue iaea?aeeii:

Io?eiaia e?eoe/ia oaeaee?noue ?ooo ii no?eeino? ia i?noeoue ia?aiao??a
e?eaie?i?eiiai ?ooo ? oiio ia iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia aeey ioe?iee
no?eeino? aaoiii?caea ii e?ea?e ieaio aaoiiia?eueii? aei?iae.
Ia?aiao?e no?eeino? aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth
iai?ai?e/aia o oeueiio aeiaaeeo aoee aecia/ai? i?ney ??oaiiy ia IAII
aeo?aeii? nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue.

?ic?aooiee aoee i?iaaaeai? aeey oeo aea aeo?aeieo aeaieo.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a aeicaieeee c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee.

— i?e iaeiiio ? oiio ae naiiio eoo? iiai?ioo eie?n
naiianoaiiaethaaeueieo in? e?eaecia o?a?eoi??? a?cea iai?ai?e/aia
aeinyaa? naiai i?i?ioio o aeiaaeeo, eiee E3 > E2 ? iaeneioio, eiee E3
< E2 ; - /an ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano ? noaa?e?caoe?? e?eaecie o?a?eoi??? caeaaeeoue ye a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a eiao?oe??ioao iii?o a?aeaaaeaiiy eie?n ia?aaeiuei? ? caaeiuei? inae, oae ? eoo?a iiai?ioo eie?n caaeiuei? in? ? a?aeaaaeaiiy eie?n ia?aaeiuei? in?; - aeinyaiaiiy i?i?ioio e?eaecie, oaeaeeino? ci?ie e?eaecie ? /ano ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano iiaeeeai oeyoii ca?eueoaiiy eiao?oe??ioa iii?o a?aeaaaeaiiy eie?n ia?aaeiuei? in? ? eooa iiai?ioo eie?n caaeiuei? in? ; - ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea a?ae 3,9 aei 12,1 i/n iaeaea ia aieeaa? ia ia?aiao?e no?eeino? aaoiii?caea ia i?yiie?i?ei?e o?a?eoi??? i?e Ey3 > Ey1 ? ?noioii aieeaa? ia e?eaecio, oaeaee?noue
ci?ie e?eaecie ? /an ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano i?e Ey3 < Ey1 ? c,wmetafile8? ??±???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyyayyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??0????u?th??????Oey ae nenoaia ??aiyiue aeei?enoiaoaaeany aeey ioe?iee aieeao iae?i?eiino? a?/ieo ?aaeoe?e ia eieanao inae a?cea o ooieoe?? eoo?a a?aeaaaeaiiy ia iieacieee no?eeino? iai?ai?e/aia. O ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a ia IAII aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui e?eaecia o?a?eoi??? ? oaeaee?noue ?? ci?ie ia iaeeo oaeaeeinoyo ?ooo (aei 5 i/n) ? ?aae?on? e?oaiai? o?a?eoi??? 50... 100 i (eooe a?aeaaaeaiiy eie?n inae ia ia?aaeuothoue wmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??”?? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u?th??????Aeey iai?ai?e/ai?a c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth e?eoe/ia oaeaee?noue ?ooo i?e aeei?enoaii? iae?i?eieo caeaaeiinoae aeey eoo?a a?aeaaaeaiiy neeaea 14,4 i/n, ui ia 12,2% iaioa, i?ae i?e aeei?enoaii? aeey ieo e?i?eieo caeaaeiinoae (16,4 i/n). Oiio e?i?eia iinoaiiaea i?aaii??ia eeoa aeey iiia?aaeiuei? ioe?iee no?eeino? iai?ai?e/aia e aaoiii?caea a oe?eiio. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooa no?ee?noue ?ooo ia iniia? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aaoiii?caea c o?aooaaiiyi ea?oth/iai eie?niiai iiaeoey aaoiiia?ey-oyaa/a ? eie?n naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in? iai?ai?e/aia, i?aaenoaaeaieo oaeiae o aeaeyae? ie?aiiai iiaeoey. Caaaeueiee aeae aaoiii?caea iieacaiee ia ?en.4. Oyaa/ i?aaenoaaey? niaith o?ea?niee aaoiiia?eue, oiiaii ?icae?eaiee ia aeaa iiaeoe? - ea?oth/ee eie?niee (EEI) ? inoia. EEI i?noeoue o nia? i?eaaaeaia ea?oth/a ia?aaei? eieani, ?oeueiaa eieani oa aeaiaioe ?oeueiaiai ea?oaaiiy, ui ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae ieie (?oeueiaee i?ea?ae, ?oeueiaee iaoai?ci oiui). Inoia - oea ei?ion aaoiiia?ey c aeaiia caaei?ie iaea?iaaieie inyie. O?ea?niee iai?ai?e/?i oiiaii ?icae?eaiee oaeiae ia aeaa iiaeoe? - inoia iai?ai?e/aia ? a?nue ?c naiianoaiiaethaaeueieie eieanaie (NEI). NEI - oea i?eaaaeaia eieani, ui ia? iaeio nooi?iue a?eueiino? a?aeiinii inoiaa iai?ai?e/aia - iiai?io iaaeiei in? oai?iy. I?ney aecia/aiiy oaeaeeinoae ? i?enei?aiue ie?aieo eaiie aaoiii?caea ? eoo?a a?aeaaaeaiiy eie?n eiai inae aoee neeaaeai? aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? ??aiyiiy ?ooo iaoiaeii ia?a??c?a. Oe? ??aiyiiy caienai? o aeaeyae?: wmetafile8? ??A??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ?9???&??yyyy?????AyyyµyyyA8??U?? ???&? ?MathType??P???u?th??????wmetafile8? ??TH ??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @`:???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy :??u?? ???&? ?MathType?? ???u?th??????wmetafile8? ??d??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @ ;???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy`;??oe?? ???&? ?MathType?? ???u?th?????? ?en.3,4 wmetafile8? ??TH ??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ? @3???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?3??( ?? ???&? ?MathType?? ???u?th??????(8) ?ica’ycie aeo?aeii? nenoaie ??aiyiue cae?eniaii ia IAII ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy MathCAD 8.0. I?e aecia/aii? iieaciee?a no?eeino? ?ooo nii/aoeo aeei?enoiaoaaeany e?iaa?eciaaia nenoaia ??aiyiue. Oey nenoaia aeicaieeea aecia/eoe ?aaeoe?? eaiie aaoiii?caea i?e iaeeie/iiio cao?aii? (??ceee iiai?io ?oeueiaiai eieana aaoiiia?ey-oyaa/a), a oaeiae e?eoe/io oaeaee?noue aaoiii?caea. A ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a aoei io?eiaii, ui eoo neeaaeaiiy iaea?iaaiiai aaoiii?caea a 2,1 ?aca ia?aaeuo? eoo iiai?ioo ea?iaaieo eie?n oyaa/a, a oie aea /an aeey aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth oea a?aeiioaiiy neeaei o?eueee 1,47. Ci?ia eooa neeaaeaiiy aeey iaea?iaaiiai aaoiii?caea a?aeaoaa?oueny ii aia??iaee/iiio caeiio, ui na?ae/eoue i?i no?ee?noue eiai ?ooo. No?eeee ?oo aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth ia? i?noea o?eueee ia oaeaeeinoyo aei 15 i/n. Ia?aaeuaiiy oe??? oaeaeeino? i?eaiaeeoue aei iano?eeiai ?ooo aaoiii?caea. sse?nii oae? ae ?acoeueoaoe aoee io?eiai? i?e ?ioaa?oaaii? ??aiyiue ?ooo ? aeei?enoaii? iae?i?eieo caeaaeiinoae a?/ieo ?aaeoe?e ia eieanao inae aaoiii?caea a?ae eoo?a a?aeaaaeaiiy. I?e iaaaeeeeo oaeaeeinoyo ?ooo ( v=5 i/n) ? iaeeo ii/aoeiaeo cao?aiiyo ( d/dt=o=0,01 n-1) ci?ia eooa neeaaeaiiy aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia, a?/ia ? eooiaa oaeaeeino? aaoiiia?ey-oyaa/a iacia/ii a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae ?oi?o cia/aiue, io?eiaieo o e?i?ei?e iinoaiiaoe? caaea/?. Iaeiae ?c ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? ?ooo aei 15 i/n ? ii/aoeiaeo cao?aiue ( d/dt=o=0,1 n-1) aia??iaee/iee oa?aeoa? ci?ie ia?ai?iieo , u, ia?aoai?th?oueny a eieeaaeueiee, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ii?ooaiiy no?eeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia. Aeey iaea?iaaiiai aaoiii?caea o anueiio ae?aiacii? oaeaeeinoae caa??aa?oueny aia??iaee/iee caeii ci?ie iacaaieo ci?iieo, oiaoi eiai ?oo no?eeee. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoea ia?aa??ea aaeaeaaoiino? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ? aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue, iieeaaeaieo a iniiao ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a no?eeino? aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? a aeaa aoaie. Ia ia?oiio aoai? a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao aecia/aeeny oa?aeoa?enoeee a?/iiai a?aeaaaeaiiy eie?n iaeaoa a?cea iai?ai?e/aia, eiai iiiaio ?ia?oe?? ? ia?aaeaoi/ia a?aeiioaiiy ?oeueiai? o?aiaoe??. Ia ae?oaiio aoai? oeyoii aei?iaei?o aei?iaoaaiue aecia/ai? iieacieee iaiaa?aiino? oa no?eeino? ia iaeao? aaoiii?caea, ui neeaaeaany ?c aaoiiia?ey-oyaa/a AAC-66, iai?ai?e/aia ? eiai a?cea, aeeiiaiiai ia aac? oan? aaoiiia?ey OAC-452. Aeey aecia/aiiy eoo?a iiai?ioo ea?iaaieo eie?n oyaa/a, neeaaeaiiy aaoiii?caea, a oaeiae naiianoaiiaethaaeueieo eie?n iai?ai?e/aia aoee canoiniaai? iioaioe?iiao?e/i? aeao/eee eooiaeo ia?ai?uaiue IO-616 ? IOI-1, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieith iaae?ei?noth ? aeinoaoiuei? aeey ??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ oi/i?noth, a aeey aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino?, oeyoo oa /ano ?ooo aaoiii?caea – i?eeaae “i’yoa eieani”. ?a?no?aoe?y an?o ia?aiao??a ? ?o ii?aoethaaiiy cae?enithaaeiny ca aeiiiiiaith aei??thaaeueiiai eiiieaeno, noai?aiiai ia aac? ia?niiaeueii? ii?oaoeaii? IAI - noi?nii? AII IE-300. E??i oiai, aoea iiaeeea?noue cae?enithaaoe ?a?no?aoe?th an?o ia?aiao??a inoeeeeia?aoii E12-22. O i?ioean? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aeeny e?iaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e ? a?aeoeeaiiy o?a?eoi??e eaiie i?e noaeiio e?oaiaiio ?on?, i?e iiai?ioao aaoiii?caea ia 900, 1800 ? S-iiae?aiiio; i?e ?on? c "ia?anoaaeith" ? ii "ci?eoe?" , a oaeiae i?e i?yiie?i?eiiio ?on?. Oaeaee?noue ?ooo aaoiii?caea ci?ithaaeanue o iaaeao a?ae 5 aei 30 ei/a i?e aeeiiaii? iaiaa??a ? a?ae 15 aei 50 ei/a - i?e ?on? ii i?yi?e. A?aeoeeaiiy o?a?eoi??? ?ooo aaoiiia?ey-oyaa/a a?ae caaeaii? a?aoiaoaaeeny i?e ii?aoethaaii? oioia?ao?e o?a?eoi??e ? inoeeeia?ai. I?e e?oaiaiio ?on? aaoiii?caea ?aae?onii 12 i a?aeoeeaiiy o?a?eoi??? a?cea i?e oaeaeeino? ?ooo 15 ei/a neeaee 1,85 i, iaeiae aaoiii?cae ia aeeoia ca iaae? nioae ?ooo. Ni?anoaaeaiiy aeaieo aiae?oe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaei ia caaeia?eueio ca?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a. Iaeneiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy o aecia/aii? ?aae?ona o?a?eoi??? iaa?oue i?e aeei?enoaii? ieinei? iiaeae? ia ia?aaeueee - 9,3%. I?e iiai?ioao aaoiii?caea ia 900, 1800 ? S-iiae?aiiio aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea ciai?oi? a?aeoeeaiiy ca?eueoo?oueny, a aioo??oi? – ciaioo?oueny, i?e/iio ?acoeueoaoe cai???a oe?eeii caaeia?eueii ni?aiaaeathoue c aeaieie aiae?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. ?ica?aei?noue ia ia?aaeuo? 8...12% ia aoiae? ? 7...9% - ia aeoiae? c iiai?ioo. I?e ?on? ii “ci?eoe?” oa “ia?anoaaoe?” aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui aaee/eia ? iai?yiie a?aeoeeaiue a?cea ?aeaioe/i? ?icaeyiooei ?ai?oa i?e S-iiae?aiiio iiai?io?, oiio ui inoaii?e ? ie?aiei aeiaaeeii "ia?anoaaee". Aiaeia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? ? i?e ?on? aaoiii?caea ii "ci?eoe?". Cia/ii a??o? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue no?eeino? aaoiii?caea i?e ianoaeiio ?on?. Oae, /an ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano (eooa iiai?ioo eie?n a?cea) a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeaeeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea neeaa 3…5 n, a eieeaaeuei? i?ioeane iaee i?noea aaea i?e oaeaeeinoyo 45...50 ei//. I?e i?yiie?i?eiiio ?on? aaoiii?caea aoei aeyaeaii ca?eueoaiiy na?aaeiueiai eaaae?aoe/iiai cia/aiiy eooiaeo a?aeoeeaiue iai?ai?e/aia c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth o ii??aiyii? c iaea?iaaiei, ui i?eaaei aei ca?eueoaiiy e?eaecie eiai o?a?eoi??? ? ye iane?aeie - aei iia??oaiiy no?eeino? ?ooo iai?ai?e/aia. AENIIAEE ? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ??ciiai nooiaiy neeaaeiino? aeey aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia, ye? aeicaieythoue ca caaeaieie eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie i?iaiicoaaoe iieacieee iaiaa?aiino? oa no?eeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy aoce?a ? nenoai iai?ai?e/aia. 2. Iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in? iai?ai?e/aia iie?ioo? aienoaai?noue aaoiii?caea a iiai?io ? aeicaiey? ciaioeoe ?aae?on eiai iiai?ioo a na?aaeiueiio ia 20%. 3. Aeei?enoaiiy ??aiyiue, ui aecia/athoue aeeiai?/io iiai?ioe?noue iai?ai?e/aia, ? iae?i?eieo caeaaeiinoae a?/ieo ?aaeoe?e a?ae eoo?a a?aeaaaeaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy e?eaecie o?a?eoi??? iieacaei, ui aaoiii?cae c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia aieiae?? iaaeeeoeiaith iiai?ioe?noth ? aeey iueiai ?nio? e?eoe/ia oaeaee?noue i?yiie?i?eiiai ?ooo. Aaee/eia oe??? oaeaeeino? eaaeeoue o iaaeao 12,1 - 15,6 i/n ? caeaaeeoue a?ae i?noey ?icoaooaaiiy ia?oeo aeaio inae, i?oaeieo oa?aeoa?enoee oei oeeo inae, ?ia?oe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee inoiaa oa naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in?, ii?iaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia in?. 4. ?icoaooaaiiy naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in? iai?ai?e/aia ii a?aeiioaiith aei iaea?iaaieo inae ? ?? ia?aiao?e cia/ii aieeaa? ia ia?ao?aei? i?ioeane i?e i?yiie?i?eiiio ?on?. Anoaiiaeaia iioeiaeueia a?aenoaiue i?ae oeeie inyie. Io?eiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ui aeicaieythoue aea?aoe iaea?eueoa ?aoe?iiaeueio aeey aeaieo oiia eiiiiioaaeueio noaio oa eooe iaoeeo in? oeai?iy eie?n oe??? in?. 5. O ?ic?iaeai?e iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? ieineiia?aeeaeueiiai ?ooo aeaioeaieiaiai aaoiii?caea a?aoiaaii aeiaeaoeiaee nooi?iue a?eueiino?, iaoiiaeaiee eooiaeie eieeaaiiyie naiianoaiiaethaaeueieo eie?n iai?ai?e/aia. C aeei?enoaiiyi io?eiaii? nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue cao?aiiai ?ooo aecia/ai? e?eoa??? no?eeino? aeey aeiaaeeo, eiee iacao?aiei ? i?yiie?i?eiee ?oo aaoiii?caea c? noaeith oaeaee?noth. Ia?aaaaith io?eiaieo ??aiyiue ? aeei?enoaiiy a yeino? ao?aeiiai neaiaeo aeey iiaeaethaaiiy ?ooo aaoiii?caea caeaaeiino? eooa iiai?ioo ea?iaaieo eie?n oyaa/a o ooieoe?? /ano. 6. Aaaaoiaa??aioieie ?ic?aooieaie, aeeiiaieie ia IAII ?c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy Mathcad - 8 aecia/aii aieea ianiai-aaiiao?e/ieo, eiino?oeoeaieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a ia no?ee?noue ?ooo aaoiii?caea. Anoaiiaeai? nooo?a? ? ianooo?a? ia?aiao?e. Cie?aia, iieacaii, ui nooo?aee aieea ia iieacieee no?eeino? aaoiii?caea iathoue eooe anoaiiaeaiiy in? oai?iy eie?n naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in?, aei?noe?noue aeaoaeae ?oeueiaiai i?eaiaeo, eiao?oe??ioe iii?o a?aeaaaeaiiy ? noaa?e?caoe?? oei, iieiaeaiiy oi/ee c/?iee, iaaaioaaeaiiy ia in? iai?ai?e/aia. O oie aea /an eiao?oe??io ayceiai oa?oy a i?eaiae? eie?n naiianoaiiaethaaeueii? in? iai?ai?e/aia, iiiaioe ?ia?oe?? oe??? in? ? iai?ai?e/aia a oe?eiio aieeaathoue o?eueee ia oa?aeoa? eieeaaeueieo i?ioean?a nenoaie. 7. Aeeiiaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no?eeino? ?ooo aaoiii?caea c iaea?iaaiei iai?ai?e/aiii ? iai?ai?e/aiii ?c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth. Anoaiiaeaii, ui no?eeee e?oaiaee ?oo iaea?iaaiiai aaoiii?caea iiaeeeaee ia on?o oaeaeeinoyo i?e aoaeue-yeeo cia/aiiyo eooa iiai?ioo ea?iaaieo eie?n oyaa/a. A oie aea /an aeey aaoiii?caea ?c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia c eiai iaaeeeoeiaith iiai?ioe?noth ?niothoue iaiaaeaiiyi ye ii oaeaeeino? ?ooo, oae ? eooo iiai?ioo ea?iaaieo eie?n oyaa/a. 8. Aei?iaei? aei?iaoaaiiy iaeaoa aaoiiia?eueiiai ii?caea i?aeoaa?aeeee aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a eiii'thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ye iieaciee?a noaoe/ii? ? aeeiai?/ii? iiai?ioeino? ? iaiaa?aiino?, oae ? no?eeino? eiai ?ooo. I?e iaeiaeiaiio ye?niiio oa?aeoa?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? aiae?oe/ieo caeaaeiinoae iaeneiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy aiie?ooae eieeaaiue aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia?aiao??a ia ia?aaeuoaaee 10%, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeinoaoith aaeaeaaoi?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?. 9. Iaoiaeeea aeai?o oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ianiai-aaiiao?e/ieo ? eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia ca e?eoa??yie iaiaa?aiino? e no?eeino? i?yiie?i?eiiai ?ooo i?eeiyoa aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy I?iaeoii-iiooeiaei ? eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/iei ?inoeoooii "Ee?anueeee aoaei?iaeo" o eiino?oeoe?yo iai?ai?e/ai?a, i?ecia/aieo aeey eiio?aeea?ieo ia?aaacaiue aaioaae?a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao. 1. E?anoueyiiieue A.A. E ii?aaeaeaieth onoie/eainoe iieoi?eoeaia n naiionoaiaaeeaathuaeny inueth //Nenoaiii iaoiaee ea?oaaiiy, oaoiieiaiy oa i?aaiicaoeiy ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo ? aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. - Ee?a, OOO, OAO, 1998 - n.21-25. 2. Naoii A.I., Aiaeia?oe A.A., E?anoueyiiieue A.A. E ii?aaeaeaieth iieacaoaeae iaiaa?aiiinoe aaoiiiacaea n naiionoaiaaeeaathuaeny inueth iieoi?eoeaia //Nenoaiii iaoiaee ea?oaaiiy, oaoiieiaiy oa i?aaiicaoeiy ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo ? aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. - Ee?a, OOO, OAO, 1998 - n.45-49. 3. Naoii A.I., Aa?eeiae/ ?.E.,Caa'yeiaa E.?., E?anoyiiieue I.A. I?i iiiaiaeae noaoe?iia?ieo noai?a aaaaoia?nieo aaoiiia?e?a// A?niee OAO,OOO.-1998.- N2. n. 117-122. 4. ?aaecthe A.I., Naoii A.I., E?anoyiiieue I.A. Iania? ? aaaa?eoi? ia?aiao?e no/anieo aei?iaei?o o?ainii?oieo cania?a //Aaoioeyoiaee Oe?a?ie.- 1999. N1. n.13-14. 5. Naoii A.I., Caa'yeiaa E.?., Aa?eeiae/ ?.E., E?anoyiiieue I.A. Iiooe oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino? i?yiie?i?eiiai ?ooo aaoiii?caea //Aaoioeyoiaee Oe?a?ie. Ie?aiee aeione. A?niee Oeaio?aeueiiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o O?ainii?oii? Aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie. Aeione N2. 1999. n.-73-74. 6. Naoii A.I., Aaeei N.A., E?anoyiiieue I.A. Aei aecia/aiiy eoo?a a?aeaaaeaiiy eie?n o?ainii?oieo cania?a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? no?eeino? ?ooo //Aaoioeyoiaee Oe?a?ie. Ie?aiee aeione. A?niee Oeaio?aeueiiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o O?ainii?oii? Aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie. Aeione N2. 1999. n.-93-97. 7. Naoii A.I., E?anoueyiiieue I.A. Aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a iiai?ioeino? aaoiii?caea c naiianoaiiaethaaeueiith a?nnth iai?ai?e/aia //Nenoaii? iaoiaee ea?oaaiiy, oaoiieia?y oa i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo i aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. -Ee?a, OOO, OAO, 1999. - n. 6-9. AIIIOAOeEss E?anoueyiiieue A.A. Iaiaa?aiiinoue e onoie/eainoue aeaeaeaiey aaoiiiacaea n naiionoaiaaeeaathuaeny inueth iieoi?eoeaia. – ?oeiienue. – Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.02 – Aaoiiiaeee e o?aeoi?u. Oe?aeineee o?ainii?oiue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa , 1999. ?anniio?aiu aii?inu iaiaa?aiiiinoe e onoie/eainoe aeaeaeaiey aaoiiiacaea n naiionoaiaaeeaathuaeny inueth iieoi?eoeaia. Iieacaoaee iaiiaa?aiiinoe ii?aaeaeaiu ia iniiaa aiaeeca noaoe/aneie e aeeiaie/aneie iiai?ioeeainoe aaoiiiacaea. Iieacaoeaee onoie/eainoe ii?aaeaeaiu ia iniiaa ?aoaiey nenoaiu aeeooa?aioeeaeueiue o?aaiaiee aeaeaeaiey aaoiiiacaea. Iiiaiaa?eaioiuie ?an/aoaie, auiieiaiiuie ia ICAI n eniieueciaaieai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey Mathcad-7,8, onoaiiaeaii aeeyeiea ianniai-aaiiao?e/aneeo, eiino?oeoeaiuo e yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo ia?aiao?ia ia onoie/eainoue aeaeaeaiey aaoiiiacaea. I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea auai?a e iainiiaaiey ianniai-aaiiao?e/aneeo e eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia aaoiiiacaea n naiionoaiaaeeaathuaeny inueth iieoi?eoeaia ii e?eoa?eyi iaiaa?aiiinoe e onoie/eainoe i?yiieeiaeiiai aeaeaeaiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaoiiiaeeueiue iiacae, iaiaa?aiiinoue, onoie/eainoue, naiionoaiaaeeaathuayny inue, iieoi?eoeai, nenoaia aeeooa?aioeeaeueiue o?aaiaiee. ABSTRACT Krestianpol E. A. Manoeuvrability and stability of movement of autotrain with self-adjusting axles of semitrailer. Thesis for the candidate of technical sciencescompetition on speciality 05.22.02- Automobiles and tractors. Ukrainian transport university,Kiev, 1999. In this work are considered matters of manoeuvrability and stability of movement of the autotrains with selfsetting wheels of axle of the semitrailer. Indexes of manoeuvrability are determined on static and dynamic manoeuvrability of the autotrain. Calculations are carried out for two autotrains with blocked and unblocked wheels of the self-adjusting axles of the semitrailer. Was established, that the width of the size zone of the autotrains movement with blocked wheels of the semitrailer at the radius of turnaround 12.5 i exceeds maximally allowable (7.3), while with the unblocked ones in the all considerred accidents it does not fall outside the limits permissible, proving thereby the advantages of construction with selfsetting wheels. Besides, application of the selfsetting wheels significantly improves the distribution of lateral forces along axles of the autotrain. However, the semitrailers with selfsetting wheels possess certain drawbacks - shifting of the wheels and relatively low critical rapidities of the autotrains movement, the value which depends on the moment of resistance to turnaround. Is established the inconsistency of requirements to the value of this moment: for the satisfying stabilization of the controlled wheels it must be maximal but for the providing of proper indicators of manoeuvrability -- minimal. The settlement by compromise is suggested at the expense of the angles of the bevel of the pintles axle in longitudinal and transversal planes, at which instants of the resistance to turnaround and lateral reactions are close between each other. The indicators of stability of autotrains movement are determined on the decision of the system of differential equations. In the developed mathematical pattern of the plane-parallel movement of the two- section autotrain is allowed the additional degree of freedom attributed to angular oscillations of self-adjusting wheels of the semitrailer.Applying the developed systems of differential equations are determined the criterion of stability for the accident, when the straight-line movement of the autotrain with constant speed is steady. Calculations with the multiple choice carried out on PC using Mathcad7.8 software, is established the influence of the mass-scaly-geometrical, constructive and operation parameters on the stability of the autotrains movement. Are established essential and non-essential parameters. In particular, is shown , that essential influence upon indicators of the autotrains stability exert the angles of the installation of the axle of the self-adjusting wheelspintle , rigidness of details of the steering -drive , the coefficients of the resistance to the deflection of the wheels axles and the stabilization of tires, the position of the point of the coupling of tractor with semitrailer and load on axles of the autotrain. By the comparative analysis of stability of movement of the autotrain with unruled semitrailer and that with self-adjusting wheels is set, that steady circular movement of the unruled autotrain is possible on any speed of movement at any angles of turnaround of the controlled tractors wheels. At the same time for autotrain with selfsetting wheels and its redundant manoeuvrability exist restrictions as to the speed of movement, and to the angle of turnaround of the controlled wheels as well. Obtained regularities for the definition of indicators of manoeuvrability and stability of movement of the autotrain are confirmed by the results of the experimental researches of the model of automobile train. Keywords: autotrain, manoeuvrability, stability, self-adjusting axles, semitrailer, system of differential equationsth.

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