Лінгвостилістика творення образу України в українській поезії другої половини ХХ століття: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / І.В. Шапошникова, Запор

15

CAII??CUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAIIOIEEIAA ??eia Aanee?aia

OAeE 808.3 — 413:085.3

E?IAAINOEE?NOEEA OAI?AIIss

IA?ACO OE?A?IE A OE?A?INUeE?E IIAC?? Ae?OAI? IIEIAEIE OO NOIE?OOss

10.02.01 — Oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Caii??aeaey – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa Caii??cueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee -aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

*aaaiaiei A?eoi? Aioiiiae/

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai

iiaiciaanoaa Caii??cueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Noaaeoeueea Eany Ieaen??aia

?noeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii nioe?ie?iaa?noeee

— eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eaaoi I?ia A?oae??aia,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “21” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 13.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 17.051.02 i?e
Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (330600, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe.
AEoeianueeiai, 66, ei?i. 2, o?eieia?/iee oaeoeueoao, aoaeeoi??y 230).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Caii??cueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (330600, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai,
66, ei?i 2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20” aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ________________ O. A. Oii’ye

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ci?ia ?aeaieia??, ui iicia/eeanue
ia aeoeoia/aii? anoaoe/ieo eaoaai??e c i?eioeeiiai ?ioeo iiaeyae?a,
coiiaeth? iio?aao aea/aoe iiaa?iooo /eoa/aa? oai?/o niaaeueio aaaaoueio
oaeaiiaeoeo iiao?a ii-iiaiio.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? ooaeiaeiuei? iiae ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy ? iaei??th c aeooaeueieo i?iaeai oe?a?inueei? e?iaainoee?noeee
ye c aaiethoe?eiiai aniaeoo, oae ? a ca’yceo c ae?iaeaiiyi i?eioeeii
iiaiai iiaeyaeo ia anoaoe/i? i?ioeane. A oiiaao oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio
a?aeaoeiny ooo/ia aeeo/aiiy c iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e iiaoe/ieo oai??a
aaaaoueio iiao?a oeueiai ia??iaeo, iaa?ooaaiiy ?aeaieia?/ieo y?eee?a,
oiane?aeie /iai aaaiiee iiaiianoaoe/iee ieano cia/iith i??ith eeoaany
iica oaaaith aeine?aeiee?a.

O ae?oa?e iieiaei? OO noie?ooy o?aaeeoe?eia iiaoe/ia oaia Oe?a?ie noaea
iniaeeai aeooaeueiith. Ia?ac Oe?a?ie iiaeia aaaaeaoe eeth/iaei aeey
iiac?e oeueiai ia??iaeo.

I?iaeaie aea/aiiy o?aaeeoe?eii? iiaoe/ii? eaeneee ciaeoee
aeeaieaaena?oeaiiyoi?aoeyo A. Aeiia?aaeiaa, A. Aeiieo?a,A.Aoeianueeiai,
E.Aoeaoianueeiai, A.AEe?ioinueeiai,A.Ea??ia,A. A?eai?’?ai?, I.
Oainueeiai, N. ??iieaiei, A. *aaaiaiea, E. Noaaeoeueei? oa ?ioeo.

Oaia Oe?a?ie o iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy o ieai? iiaiiai ??
ae?aaeaiiy ? iaaeinoaoiuei aena?oeaiith. Iniaeeaino? ?ice?eooy oe???
oaie ??oioiaii ia i?iaiae?ciaai? e o e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa?.

?nio? eeoa iaaaeeea e?euee?noue ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo niinoa?aaeaiiyi iaae
ie?aieie e?iaa?noe/ieie aniaeoaie ooaeiaei?o oaeno?a, o yeeo aieiaiith ?
oaia Oe?a?ie (E. Noaaeoeueei?, ?. Eaaaiaeianueei?, A. Aoaee).

Ieoaiiy i?i caaaeueiiiiaia oa iiaoe/ia aaeeaaiiy neiaa Oe?a?ia ?
ooieoe?iiaeueii aea?aaeaioieo eiio ne?a ?icaeyiooi o iaaaaaoueio
?iaioao. I?i neiaa Oe?a?ia, oe?a?inueeee, i?i ?noi?e/i? ci?ie o ?o
eaene/iiio cia/aii? eaeaoueny o i?aoeyo N. Oaeoo?ia, I.
A?aoei-Eooeinueeiai, Ie?i Iiaeoia. O ?yae? ?ia?o caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia
iniaeeaino? naiaioeee ne?a, ui icia/athoue Oe?a?io a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio
iiaoe/iiio iiaeaii? (E. Noaaeoeueea, A. Nthoa).

Ia ii?oooaaeany i?iaeaia e anoaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo iiaieo iaeeieoeue, ui
icia/athoue Oe?a?io. Oe? iaeeieoe? aiae?coaaeeny ye can?a ooaeiaeiueiai
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa iiaii-ia?acii? eiie?aoecaoe??. Ana oea iaoiiaeei
iniiai? iai?yiee iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeaea?aea oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo noaiiaeyoue iiaoe/i? oaenoe ?. Ae?a/a, I.
A?ia?aiianueeiai,Ae.Iaaee/ea, A. Neiiiaiea, A. Noona, I. Iia/aia, E.
Einoaiei, ss?a Neaaooe/a, I. ?oaeaiea, I. Inaae/oea, o yeeo
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia ie?aneaiiy ia?aco Oe?a?ie ciaeoei iaeae?aci?oa ?
iaeyne?aa?oa ae?aaeaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aiae?co neoaoaaee ?ineeii? iii?iaoe?? oa aeani? iacae (oiiii?ie
e aio?iiii?ie), aaaaeai? aei iiae iiaoe/ieo oai??a ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy. Eiaeai ia?iae caa??aa? o iai’yo? naith iaiiaoi?io ea?oeio
na?oo ?, uia ia ao?aoeoe iaoe?iiaeueia ei??iiy, a?aeia?aaea? ?? o iacaao
iaaieo ?aae?e.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o aeyaeaii? oa aiae?c? naiaioeee eaene/ieo cania?a,
o?aaeeoe?eii iia’ycaieo a oe?a?inuee?e iiac?? c oaiith A?o/ecie, oa
eaeneee, yeo iiaeaii ii?aeiaoe c oe??th oaiitha ?ae?ieaeoao
ienueiaiiee?a, /ey oai?/?noue i?eiaaea? ia ae?oao iieiaeio OO noie?ooy.

O ca’yceo c oeei o aeena?oaoe?? aenoaathoueny oae? caaaeaiiy:

1) aeyaeoe iaea?eueo iiaiee neeaae iiaieo iaeeieoeue – iaca ?ineeiieo
?aae?e, iia’ycaieo a oe?a?inuee?e iiac?? c oaiith Oe?a?ie, oa iniiai?
ci?ie, ui a?aeaoeeny oeiiiioaoeai?e nenoai? oeeo eaenai o ae?oa?e
iieiaei? OO noie?ooy;

2) i?inoaaeeoe ca iniaeeainoyieooieoe?iioaaiiy ii?i?a, ui iicia/athoue
aeani? iacae, ? ? o?aaeeoe?eieie aeey oe?a?inueei? iiac?? neiaieaie
ia?aco Oe?a?ie;

3) i?iaiae?coaaoe a?oio eaeneee ia iicia/aiiy /anii?inoi?iaeo ?aae?e, ui
iaaoea neiaie?/iiai cia/aiiy o iia? iiaoe/ieo oai??a ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy;

4) aeine?aeeoe, ye ooieoe?iiothoue iacae /anii?inoi?iaeo ?aae?e o noeeyo
ie?aieo ienueiaiiee?a i?e noai?aii? ia?aco Oe?a?ie;

5) aecia/eoe no?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino? iiaoaeiae ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iia?
aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e;

6) neeanoe ?a?no? eeth/iaeo ne?a o no?oeoo?? ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iia?
iiac?e ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ?iaio? canoiniaoaaeeny iaoiaee eiiiiiaioiiai,
noee?noe/iiai, noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co; ooieoe?iiaeueiee,
eiioaenoieia?/iee iaoiaee oa iaoiae e?iaa?noe/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy
oai??? i?ciaiiy, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue ?icoi?iiy iiae ye nenoaie
aca?iicoiiaeaieo oa aca?iiiia’ycaieo iaeeieoeue. Iniiaiiieiaeiith o
?iaio? ? aeoiea i?i ?aei?noue oi?ie ? ci?noo iiaoe/iiai oai?o i?i
ca’ycie oa aca?iiiia’ycai?noue ?noi??? eiaeii? iiae c ?noi???th ia?iaeo,
yeee ? oai?oeai oe??? iiae oa ?? iin??i, a oaeiae i?i iiae ye iniaeeao
oi?io caa?aaeaiiy ? iaeiie/aiiy ineo?/ii? aia?a?? iaoe??; ye aeaiaio
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, a?aeia?aaeaiiy aoi?/ii? iaioaeueiino?
ia?iaeo; ye neeaaeiao iaoe?iiaeueii? iai’yo?, ui caa??aa? aeeaeii? ?ene
iiaiiai ae?aaeaiiy an?o aniaeo?a na?oini?eeiyooy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe??. O ?iaio? aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao
eiiieaeniiai aiae?co eaeneei-naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iia?
iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy. Aecia/ai? naiaioe/i? eiiieaene oa
i?e?iia?ace, ye? ? neeaaeiaeie iae?iia?aco Oe?a?ie o nenoai? eaene/ieo
cania?a iiaoe/ii? iiae aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui eiiieaeniee
eaeneei-naiaioe/iee aiae?c iiiai?a ia iicia/aiiy /anii?inoi?iaeo ?aae?e
o no?oeoo?? ia?aco Oe?a?ie ?icoe?th? oyaeaiiy i?i e?iaainoee?noe/i?
iniaeeaino? aiae?ciaaieo oai??a. Iaoa??aee oa aeniiaee, ui i?noyoueny o
aeine?aeaeaii?, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e iaienaii? i?aoeue
ocaaaeueithth/iai oa?aeoa?o c e?iaainoee?noeee oa i?e oeeaaeaii?
Neiaieea ia?ac?a ? neiaie?a oe?a?inueei? iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a noee?noeee, e?iaainoee?noe/iiai
aiae?co oaenoo, eaeneeieia?? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae, a oaeiae i?e
iaienaii? ?aoa?ao?a, eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o.

Iniaenoee aianie. Oia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? i?iaiae?ciaaii
eaeneei-neiaioe/io no?oeoo?o ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iiaoe/i?e iia? ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy, aeae?eaii naiaioe/i? iiey, eiiieaene ? ia?aeae?,
ye? aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo iae?iia?aco e?a?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? aoiaeeoue aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
“No?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae a ?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeia?”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, aoee i?aaeiaoii aenooi?a ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo:
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaoeea ooaeiaeiueiai
oaenoo” (Ee?a – Oa?nii, 1996), Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e iai’yo? i?ioani?a N. I. Nai?eeaiea (Caii??aeaey, 1996),
Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe”
(Oa?nii, 1997), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oe?a?ia,
oe?a?ioe?, oe?a?iiciaanoai a aeaea?aeao ? aeieoiaioao OO no.” (Ee?a,
1998), ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ia?aaeaeii
iauaaeeai iao nea?a – ??aeio iiao” (Oa?nii, 1998). Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai? o 10 ioae?eaoe?yo (3 c yeeo –
noaoo?).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae oa
oiiaieo nei?i/aiue, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya ?iaioe
noaiiaeoue 166 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O Anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie, aecia/a?oueny i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoa e caaaeaiiy, eiai iiaecia, oi?ioeththoueny iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, aiae?cothoueny ??ci? aniaeoe
iiaeyae?a ia iiao ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o oa ?icaeyaea?oueny ?noi??y ieoaiiy
i?i neiaanio neiaie?eo.

Ia?oee ?icae?e – “E?iaainoee?noe/i? iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy iii?iaoe?e
?ineei i?e noai?aii? ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iia? iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy” — i?enay/aiee aiae?co eaene/ii? a?oie ia iicia/aiiy ?aae?e
iaecaaeo o no?oeoo?? ia?aco Oe?a?ie. Na?aae iaca ?ineei aeae?eythoueny
naiaioe/i? eiiieaene “aea?aaa”, “eou?”, “ea?oe”, “o?aae”, “ceaeia?”,
“ai?iaeeia”, “iioe”.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Naiaioe/i? c?ooaiiy a anoaoeoe? ?ineeiieo
neiaie?a” a?aecia/aii, ui aeoeaia ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaca ?ineei o iia?
iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy ? caeiiii??iei iane?aeeii aieeao
oieueeei?ii? iiae. A aiae?ciaaieo iiaoe/ieo oai?ao iacae ?aae?e –
ooaeiaei? neiaiee – ia cae/aei? ao?eaooe e??e/iiai iaecaaeo. Ii?yae ?c
o?aaeeoe?eieie o iia? onii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? neiaie?/ieie ia?acaie
eaeeie, oiiie?, aa?ae, ?ooe-i’yoe, oa?aio, aa?a?ieo, iieeio, aeeoa,
oiaeth oa ?ioeo, iaaaia?ac e?a?ie o iia? iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy aeeth/a? oae? iacae iniei?, /a?aioa, aeaoe?y, ai?iaeia, eeai,
/aa?aoeue, aei?aeeia, eiiaae?y, niiyoiee, iaoa?eiea.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Aeeiai?ea ci?i neiaie?/ieo cia/aiue iiiai?a
aea?aa” i?iaiae?ciaaii ?ieue iii?iaoe?e aea?aa i?e ciaethaaii? ia?aco
Oe?a?ie. Aeae?eaii naiaioe/io ia?aeaeue “Oe?a?ia-naae”, yea aeeth/a? a
naaa ia o?eueee iacae aea?aa, aea e ea?o?a, eou?a.

Neiaie?/ia no?oeoo?a ia?aco naaeo aeeth/a? o naaa, e??i iiiai?a ?aaeueii
?nioth/eo ?ineei, ? ia?ac na?oiaiai aea?aaa. Iaeeieoe?, ui iio?aieythoue
o eiai anioe?aoeaia iiea, caaacia/othoue eiie?aoecaoe?th, a cia/eoue ?
aaiethoe?th ia?aco a oe?eiio.

A?oaoeii?noue na?oiaiai aea?aaa ye iiaeae? aioo??oiueiai na?oo
ci?ith?oueny eiai no?eeei anioe?thaaiiyi ?c i?inoi?ii ??aeii?
aaouee?aueie, i?noa, naea. Na?oiaa aea?aai ia?aoai?th?oueny ia
i?oieia?ciaaiee ia?ac oe?a?inueei? ae?eniino?, oae naii ye ?aeaieia?/iei
ci?noii iaiiaith?oueny i?ioenoaaeaiiy aeeaa-ia?oaa: “Anana?oi? aea?aai
no?onioeiny aeiuaie” (Eino., Aea?., n.546), “Eieenue oe aea?aaii ooo aoa
? eenoyi anth aeaeeoue i?iiaoeaa, ui /oa, ui aa/ea — ia caaoa” (Iia., A
aeaiue…, n.10), “Aa/, aea?aaiia ao?eia?o a ?oeao, aiii ?inoa e e??cue
iaeueoe? i?io?ea?” (Iia/., Aiein, n.9).

Oe?eaaeo ia?acii-eaene/ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e cacia? neiaie?/ia ia?aeaeue
“aa?aa – Oe?a?ia”. Ocaaaeueiaii-neiaie?/ia iaiiaiaiiy noeo?? aiaee
?icai?oa?oueny o iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy. Ia?ac aa?ae iaaoa
cia/ii? iiioey?iino? o iiac?? aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo ca ?aooiie
aenieoaoaoe?? iiceoeaii? ioe?iiino?, ui iaaeaei oyaeaiith ae?acii?
?aeaieia?/ii eiiiioiaaiino?.

Naiaioe/i? c?ooaiiy anoaoeee neiaa o iiaoe/i?e iia? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy iicia/aeenue ia o?ainoi?iaoe?? ciaeiaiai ia?aco
“Oe?a?ie-oiiie?”.

Aea ye no?eaeiaaee aeaiaio ia?aco ci?iaiai ni?eeiyooy oeae neiaie oaeiae
oa?aeoa?iee aeey iiac?e, ui aiae?cothoueny: “Oiiie? oai o iaai a?aeaoee”
(Ae?a/, o.2, n.273), “Iooo, aea noiii iionoeee a?oe No?oie? oiiie? ia
oaa?aeee iae?a” (Nei., E.I., n.57).

O neiaanii-anioe?aoeaiee eiiieaen “e?n” iio?aiey? iacaa ninia. O
iiaoe/iiio neiaieeo ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy oeae iiiai ye aeaiaio
neiaie?ciaaiiai i?inoi?o iiaea aooe iaoaoi?ith aoooy: “Oeoi a?oa? eaoa?
n?oee caiao?e?, Ui ?ica?oai? a e?n? ia e?eneao?e nini?” (Iaae., o.1,
n.469), “No?oie?, /a?aii? ninie ia ni?ao, iia neoiai? ae?a/aoa a
iiieiioe?” (Iaae., Nii., n.56).

Eaenaia aeoa iaaoaa? ?aeaeii-iie?oe/ieo eiiiioaoe?e, aea ia?aciee
eiiiiiaio “i?acaioaoeaiee /an” aeooae?co?oueny aieeaii ia nioe?aeueio
na?aeii?noue aeooaeueieo ?noi?e/ieo iiae?e oa ?aae?e iie?oe/ii?
neooaoe??: “?aiaioaaoi iiiie?oii aeoaa ?inoa iao aeoo — aeoa?, iia i?ee”
(ss? Ne., o.1, n.126), “ss aeoa, a ia ninia! ?oea ne?ia iaia e?ooeea e
ei?/eea aace?eo. Iii?o /e aeeoeio, aea noiaia ?c iaia ia ciaeno?o? aei
a?eo” (?oae., Iiac., n.81).

Noaoono eeth/iaeo o iiac?? aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo iaaoaathoue aeaeia?
iacae, iia’ycai? c on?ia ??aiyie iaaaia?aco e?a?ie. Oae? iacae, ye
nia?aea, eeia, iniei?, ai?iaeia, ai??o, aeaoe?y, a?aa, aoe oa ?io?,
noaaoe iaoe?iiaeueii eiiiioiaaieie, i?e ia?aoiae? c eaeneei-iiaoe/ii?
nenoaie a i?aenenoaio “ia?ac e?a?ie”, ooai?ththoue eiino?oeoe??, o yeeo
i?inoaaeo?oueny ?o ca’ycie c iaoe?iiaeueiei i?inoi?ii, neeaaeiaeie yeiai
? iacae ??cieo ?aa?ii?a. Neiaaniee ia?ac oe?a?inueeiai iaecaaeo
noai?th?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith oaeeo iaca ye aa?aca, yaeoiy, a?ooa,
eaooai, oa?ai, /a?aioa, eeia, eeai.

O oa?oueiio i?ae?icae?e? “Iii?iaoe?? eou?a, aeeth/ai? a anioe?aoeaia
iiea “iaecaae Oe?a?ie” aiae?cothoueny ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeaeuei?
iiaeeeaino? oaeeo iaca ye aoceia, aocie, aoeueaeiiaae, aeiia?aae, ae?ae,
eaeeia, e?ueia, iaeeia, iaeeia, noieoey, oi?eue, /a?aioeia, oeioeia.

O noa’?eoiiio ieai? iiai?ieea iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea? aeieea? ia?ac eaeeie
ye neiaie naiaiaee, iaeei c iie?oe/ieo a?aoiaio?a o ai?iouea?.
Oei?ciaaieie iciaeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o iinoathoue
eaenaie, ui oi?iaeueii ia aoee aeoeaieie o iiaoe/i?e iia? aiae?ciaaiiai
ia??iaeo. Oea aoceia, iaeeia, iaeeia, aoeueaeiiaae, oi?eue, noieoey.

O /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “I?e?inenoaie “ea?oe”, “o?aae” o no?oeoo??
ia?aco Oe?a?ie” a?aecia/aii, ui o a??oiaai?e iia? aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo
cia/ia i?noea iin?aea? i?e?inenoaia “ea?oea”. O iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie
OO noie?ooy ?iaeiaa iacaa ea?oea iinooia?oueny ia?aae aeaeiaeie iacaaie
oeueiai iiiyooy.

Niaoeeo?ea ea?oeiaeo iii?iaoe?e, ?o naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e o iia? iiac??
ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy iieyaa? o iaceaaii? ?aaeueii?nioth/eo
?ineei, ye? ioiieththoue i?ino?? e?a?ie, noai?thth/e iaoe?iiaeueio
ooaeiaeith ea?oeio na?oo. E??i eeth/iaeo ia?ac?a aiae?ciaaii?
i?e?inenoaie (aei?aeeia, aieioea, eiiaae?y, aa?a?iie, iaeueaa),
iiaii-anoaoe/i? oe?iiino? o eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei? iiac?? oai?youe ?
iacae, ui ia?aaoaathoue ia ia?eoa??? oe??? nenoaie (?iiaoea, i?ie?nie,
e?eay, ?iaea, ?iiai, e?aniey, iaa?aeea).

Ooaeiaeith naiaioeeo ia?aco Oe?a?ie o i?inoi?? oa /an? a iia? iiaoe/ieo
oai??a ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy oi?iothoue eaenaie ia iicia/aiiy
o?aa.

?aeay iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa aiioe?eii i?aeianaiee iioea
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?iiaioeee, ui noaee i?aai?/iith neeaaeiaith aeooiaiiai
aeeooy oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa inoaiiueiai aeanyoee?ooy ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy, aecia/eee iiaii-anoaoe/io i?aenenoaio “ia?ac
e?a?ie”, yea iana ia nia? a?aeaeoie a?aeiia?aeii? ???a?o?/ii? no?oe?o?e.

O?ainoi?ioaaiiy oieueeei?ieo cia/aiue iacae eiaeea o iia? aiae?ciaaieo
iiac?e a?aeaoaa?oueny o aeaio iai?yieao. Ia?oee — ia ??ai? o?acaieia?cio
O. Oaa/aiea “canioea Ae?a?ia, Ao?’yiii oe?eeanue” — ni?ey? cae??ieaiith
iaaaoeaii? ioe?iiino? oe??? iii?iaoe?? o ?aieao iaaaia?aco e?a?ie:
“Iaaeaaaeeaa eiaeea Ia iaiueee, ia eai?iiy eyaea” (In., Cae., n.116),
“Eiaeea ?c ionoaeueiiai noaio Ianooia? ia e?n ianoa?iii” (In., Cae.,
n.116); ae?oaee ?ai?acaioo? naio a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ??aeii? caie?: “I?nith
oi?ia?ei ooie, eiaeei!” (ss? Ne., o.1, n.140), “… ? aeeneii ia?aoiooue
aeaianeiei nai? aeae?, ye eiaee?” (Noon, o.1, ei.1, n.101).

O?ainoi?iaoe?y eaenai ia iicia/aiiy o?aa a?aeaoaa?oueny ia o?eueee ia
??ai? /anoioiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy. Oae? iiioey?i? o oieueeei?? iacae, ye
iaoa?eiea, ?ooa, e?iieaa, ?yno ia?aaoaathoue ia ia?eoa??? oai?aiiy
ia?aco e?a?ie o iiaoe/i?e iia? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy. Naiaioe/ia
ie?aneai?noue oeeo iaca, ia?aaoaath/e ia ??ai? i?e?inenoaie “iaecaae
e?a?ie”, iaaoaa? i?ii?ii? noeeueiai? i???ioaoe??.

Ia?ac Oe?a?ie o iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy aeeth/a?
i?e?inenoaio “ieaai?”, yea ?ai?acaioo?oueny iii?iaoe?yie eaoaooy, iniea,
eiieo, i/a?ao.

O iaaaia?ac e?a?ie ia ??ai? nenoai noai, naae, ea?oiee, e?n
aeeth/athoueny i?aenenoaie iiea oa ai?iae, ye? ?ai?acaioothoue
aoiiaa?a?iee oa? eaeneee aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e. Na?aae ieo aeeoi,
ioaieoey, niiyo, eoeo?oaeca ye ?ai?acaioaioe iaeiiai.

O iiaoe/iiio neiaieeo ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy aeae?eythoueny iacae
??cii? ai?iaeeie, ui iicia/ai? iiceoeaiith aiioe?eii-aeni?aneaiith
caaa?aeai?noth o iaaeao anioe?aoeaiiai iiey “iaecaae e?a?ie”.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ooeoe?iioaaiiy ?ineeiieo iii?iaoe?e ? oa, ui
aeaye? o?aaeeoe?eii iiioey?i? o ia?iaei?eiiac?? neiaani? neiaiee (?yno,
oeioeia, ynai oa ?i.) ia iathoue oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy o iia?
aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e – “?aae?caoe?y naiaioeei-noee?noe/iiai iioaioe?aeo
aeanieo iaca o iia? iiac?e ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy i?e noai?aii?
ia?aco Oe?a?ie” – i?noeoue iien e?iaainoee?noe/ieo iniaeeainoae
iiiianoe/ii? eaeneee o no?oeoo?? ia?aco Oe?a?ie.O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? –
“Ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeaeuei? iiaeeeaino? oiiii?i??” –aeae?eythoueny oae?
naiaioe/i? eiiieaene, ye oi?ii?ie, a?ae?ii?ie, ieeii?ie oa ii?ie
naiaioe/iiai eiiieaeno “eaiaeoaoo e?a?ie”.

O iia? iiac?e ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy aei iaca, ui neiaie?cothoue
iaeo aaouee?aueio, a?aeiineii iacae aaia?ao?/ieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie
(aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oa i?e?iaeieo). Aei oe??? ae a?oie ii?i?a a?aeiineii
? iacao iaoi? e?a?ie, yea cono??/a?oueny o iia? aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e aeey
ciaethaaiiy /ani-i?inoi?iaeo ?aae?e ia?aco Oe?a?ie.

O iia? aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e oiiii?ie ia’?aeiothoueny o a?oie caeaaeii
a?ae i?e?iaeieo ia’?eo?a, ye? aiie iaceaathoue ? aeeiiothoue ?ieue
i???ioe?a o /an? oa i?inoi??. Oaeei /eiii, i?ino?? Oe?a?ie,
i?aaenoaaeaiee AI-oiiii?iaie oaeeo ?ic?yae?a: a?ae?ii?ie, i?ii?ie,
oi?ii?ie, ieeii?ie, o?aaiii?ie.

I?e noai?aii? ooaeiaeiueiai ia?aco Oe?a?ie aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?a?
neiaie?caoe?y. Iacaa “Oe?a?ia” iiaea neiaie?coaaoe ia?ac a?o/ecie, ia?ac
aea?aeaae, o ye?e ethaeeia ia?iaeeeany, a oaeiae i?noea ia?iaeaeaiiy
(i?noi, naei, iaeanoue).

Ia?oa cia/aiiy a?eueo aano?aeoia, ui coiiaeei aaeeeo /anoioi?noue
aaeeaaiiy neiaa “Oe?a?ia” ye neiaieo a?o/ecie: “? uinue iai? oaea
aieeoue, Ui oea ? ?, iaiaaii, Oe?a?ia” (Eino., Aea?., n.209), “Iaae
Oe?a?iith iaai, ye iaoa?einueea aeooa, Cio/aia, ?ic?i’yoa ia ia?ao?ano?
a?e?a” (?oae., Iiac., n.93).

O iiaoe/ieo oai?ao ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy neiai “Oe?a?ia” aeineoue
/anoi aaeeaa?oueny ye neiaie i?noey ia?iaeaeaiiy ethaeeie, oaeei /eiii
?icoe?th?oueny oyaa i?i i?inoi?iaa aaciaaeaey ??aeii? caie?: “Eiee
ia?aae? iiith Anana?o ? iie?o Aeoiie ? ii/ooo?a o aa?oiae io, — ss
?aioii iaaeeaeyth Oe?a?io” (A?ia?., Ee?a, n.6), “A y ai?oath oioi c
Oe?a?ie — A?ae oeo, eiai ia aa/ea aeanyoue e?o” (?oae.,Iiac., 374).

A oe?a?inueeo iiac?th ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy iiaa?oa?oueny ?
ii/eia? oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ii?yae c iacaith “Oe?a?ia” ? iacaa
“?onue-Oe?a?ia”. Aeoaea /anoi aiia ? iiaoe/iei neiaieii Oe?a?ie, ia?
ocaaaeueiaii-i?inoi?iaa cia/aiiy, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiceoeaiei
aiioe?eiei caaa?aeaiiyi. Iaaeiaaeeiai oa, ui iacae “Oe?a?ia” oa
“?onue-Oe?a?ia” iiaeooue aaeeaaoeny o no/ani?e iiac?? ye iiai? iiaoe/i?
neiii?ie. Oe? aea? iacae icia/athoue ?aeeia, ceeoa iiiyooy, aea /ano?oa
“?onue-Oe?a?ia” aaeeaa?oueny o eiioaenoao, aea aaaeeeaei ? ?noi?e/iee
aniaeo iiiyooy Oe?a?ie, aea eaea iiaa i?i aeoiee oe?a?inueeiai
oa?aeoa?o: “Oe — ?onue: I?ci?oa iacaa — Oe?a?ia. Oa?ie, aieoaei, A?/ia
oaeiaa!” (?oae., Iiac., n.223), “? aein? oiaeeoue ii ?on?-Ae?a?i?
Nei?aioiee eiycue — Ooea? oae?niai” (?oae., Iiac., n.255).

A?aeia?aaeaiiy o?iiioiio Oe?a?ie o iiaoe/ieo oaenoao aiae?ciaaiiai
ia??iaeo aenooiathoue oae? oi?ii?ie: Aoeiaeia, Aieeiue, Aa?oiaeia,
Aooeoeueueia, Aooeoe?y, Aaee/eia, Aeiiaan, E?ei, Eoaaiue, Eoaaiueia,
Iiaoaeaey, Iiae?eey, Iiaei?i?ia’y, I?eaeiiiy, Iie?nny, Iinoeey,
i?aaeaiue Oe?a?ie, I?aeea?iaooy.

I?e oi?ioaaii? iiaii-anoaoe/ii? eioeaioe?e ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iia? iiac??
ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy iacae ?noi?eei- aoiia?ao?/ieo oa
aaia?ao?/ieo ?aa?ii?a iaaoaathoue i?aeaeuaii? aiioe?eiino?, noai?ththoue
ineoieia?/iee na?o iiaoe/iiai a?ae/oooy naiai ei??iiy oa ?iaeiaiaeo —
a?ae eooi/e?a, aea i?ieoee aeeoeinoai oa thi?noue, aei aeeaieiai
ona?aeiieaiiy aie?a ? iio?aa an??? Oe?a?ie.

I?e?iia?ac “aiaeiee i?ino?? Oe?a?ie” o iia? iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy ?aae?co?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi oaeeo AI: Aei?i?i, Noea, Aei?no?i,
Ca?o/, ?inue, Aeoiae, ??i?iue, Aeania, Aoa, Eea?aeue, sso?aiue, Oena,
Ai?neei, Eoaaiue, ?iaoe, Aeiiaoeue, Naenaaaiue, A?oa, Ae?i, ?iaoeaoeue,
*a?aiio, Noi?e, *i?ia ii?a, Ea?oaoeinueeee eeiai, A?eica?nueeee eeiai,
oaeiae ii?ie Neaaooe/, Ai?enoai.

Neiaie?/i? oi?ioee o neeaae? iaeeieoeue ia iicia/aiiy aiaeiiai i?inoi?o
ia’?aeiai? o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iaaeiei ii?ia Aei?i?i. Oey AI iiaiith
i??ith a?aeaeca?eaeth? i?ino?? Oe?a?ie oa ?? ?noi??th.

Neiaie?/ia ia?aeaeue “na?o – aiaeiee i?ino??” ?aae?co?oueny o iia?
aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e iaoaoi?e/ieie niieoeaie, ui a?oiothoueny iaaeiei AI
Neaaooe/. Oeae iiaoe/iee neiii?i AI Aei?i?i ia cacia? o?ainoi?iaoe?e ?
aaeeaa?oueny o aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioaenoao ?c o?aaeeoe?eii neiaie?/iei
cia/aiiyi “aaouee?aueia”.

Aiaeiee i?ino?? o iia? aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e ni?eeia?oueny o aeaio ieaiao.
Ia?oee ieai iaoaoi?eciaaiee i?ino?? aeoo?, ui ia?aiiaith?oueny
iaaei?ieie iioeaaie ethaia? aei ??aeii? caie?: “Neacaa, ui ia??e — oea
oni?oea i?inoi?o ? ui ?i’y oe?e ??/a/oe? — Noi?e” (Eino., Aea?., n.485),
“?aieii aeai? ie eoee ii eoc?, Aea oethii/a Noea a aa?aae” (Nei., E.i.,
n.75).

Ae?oaee ieai ni?eeiaiiy aiaeiiai i?inoi?o — i?noea i?iaeeaaiiy —
iieacieea aeiiii?/iiai, nioe?aeueiiai ? eoeueoo?iiai na?aaeiaeua
ethaeeie ? noni?euenoaa. Aaia?ao?/ii oeae i?ino?? eiie?aoiee ? /?oei
ie?aneaiee — Oe?a?ia: “Oia? ni?aathoue Ai?neei ? Eoaaiue, ?yooyoue
?iaoe, Aeiiaoeue ? Naenaaaiue, Aei?noa? ? Ca?o/ aeenei/ooue cieioaai”
(ss? Ne., o.1, n.266).

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e – “E?iaainoee?noeea aio?iiii?i?a” – i?enay/aii
aiae?co ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeanieo ?iai in?a, ca?oiiaaieo ca naiaioe/ieie
eiiieaenaie “oe?a?inueea yce/ieoeoai”, “Ee?anueea ?onue”, “oe?a?inueea
eicaoeoai”,“oe?a?inueeee ?aianain oa ?icaeoie eoeueoo?e aei ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy”, “?iaia iie?oee?a oa ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e no/anii?
Oe?a?ie a e?iaainoee?noe/i?e nenoai? iiaoe/ii? iiae”.

I?e ?icaeyae?o iiaoe/iiio oaeno? naiaioeei-anoaoe/ieo
yeinoaeAI-aio?iiii?i?a, ui aeoeaii aeei?enoiaothoueny o
caaaeueiiia?iaei?e iia?, iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe,ui neeaae oeeo ?iai ia ?
iaeii??aeiei. O i?ioean? aaeeaaiiyaoaeue-yea AI-aio?iiii?i iiaea
iaaoaaoe ??cieo cia/aii?aeo i?e?iuaiue.

Ia a?aoiaoth/e ci?noiaeo i?e?iuaiue oaeiai oeio, aeae?eeii aea? iniiai?
aoie iiiianoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny o aeine?aeaeaii?.

1. AI-aio?iiii?ie, ye? o i?ioean? naiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia iaaoee
aoaeue-yeeo no?eeeo eiiiioaoe?e ? ni?eeiathoueny iin?yie iiae ye /enoi
iii?iaoeai? iaeeieoe?.

2. AI-aio?iiii?ie, ye?, e??i ooieoe?? iaceaaiiy, ianooue aeiaeaoeiao
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iniao, ?i’y yei? icia/a?.

O oe?ieiio eiioaeno? — eiioaeno? no?ioe, ?a/aiiy, anueiai oaenoo AI
aa?i?a iiaoe/ieo oai??a ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy oiiaii iiaeia
iiae?eeoe ia o?e a?oie:

1. AI- ?iaia yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a (oaii?ie), i?o?/ieo aa?i?a oa eiyc?a
Ee?anueei? ?on?.

2. AI- ?iaia ?noi?e/ieo in?a, iia’ycai? c aiioith eicaoeoaa,
oe?a?inueeiai ?aianaino oa ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie aei ia?oi? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy.

3. AI — ?iaia no/aniee?a.

Naiaioe/i? eiiieaene “oe?a?inueea yce/ieoeoai” oa “Ee?anueea ?onue” o
iia? aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e i?aaenoaaeai? ?iaiaie oae caaieo iiaainueeeo
aia?a, ye? aoee eoie?aie neia’yinueeeo ieaiai, a i?ci?oa aeeoae?a
Ee?anueei? ?on?. C oe?a?inueeei yce/ieoeoaii iia’ycai? ?iaia eiyc?a
Ee?anueei? aea?aeaae, ye? iii?e o?enoeyi?caoe?th caa?aaee cae/a?,
na?oiaeyae oa ia?yaeia?noue i?aaee?a, oa i?oii?ie Eee, Oi?ea, Uae, Aiae,
Aiyi.

Aiae Ee?anueeiai iaioaiio o iia? aiae?ciaaieo oai??a i?aaenoaaeai?
oaeeie oaii?iaie Aeaaeaia, No?eaia, Ia?oi, ss?eei. Aaee/acio?noi?e/io
?ioi?iaoe?th ianooue o nia? ?iaia ee?anueeeo eiyc?a Aieiaeeie?,
Nayoineaa, ss?ineaa, Ieaa, Aeaieei, Inoeneaa, ?cyneaa, Iiiiiao, ?ai?,
?inoeneaa, Anaaieiae, Iae, Ieueaa, ?ai?aen?y, Aiia, ?iai?aea.
Nai???aei?noue oeeo ?iai o iia? iiac?e, ui aiae?cothoueny, iieyaa? o
oiio, ui a ieo iiaae nii/aoeo caeeaaeaia ?oiy aoi?eiia ooieoe?y:
iaceaath/e iniao, iaeii/anii neiaie?coaaoe aeanoea? oe?e inia? yeino?,
?ene oa?aeoa?o, ciai?oi?e aeaeyae, a/eiee, noa?o ae?yeueiino?.

O i?ioean? aeiaaio?eaaeiai ?icaeoeo iiaoe/ia iiaa iaeiie/eea aaeeeo
e?euee?noue ia?ac?a-neiaie?a aeey icia/aiiy ??cieo yaeu noni?eueiiai oa
aeooiaiiai aeeooy ethaeeie. C on?o ??ciiaeae?a ?iaeea?aeoae?coth/eo
iii?iaoeaieo ciae?a-neiaie?a AI- oaii?ie iio?aaoththoue ?aaa?e?oaoe?? o
ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?. Oeae i?ioean, iiaa?iaiiy ?iai ”nai?o” aia?a,
aeoeaii a?aeaoaa?oueny /a?ac ooaeiaei? oaenoe iiaoe/ieo oai??a ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy. Aaeaea iaeiaioaaiiy yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a iaae?eai?
iaea?eueoeie iiaeeeainoyie aeey neiaie?caoe??. Naia oe? ii?ie aiane?aeie
iayaiino? o ?o naiaioeoe? oe?ieiai eoeueoo?iiai oa anoaoe/iiai
eiiiiiaioa, caeeaaeaii? a ieo aoi?eiii? ooieoe??, caeaoi? neoaeeoe aeey
ocaaaeueiaiiai icia/aiiy yeinoae ethaenueeiai oa?aeoa?o: “C-ca
oiiii?i?/ii? a?iaiai? aeioee aece?a? eoeaaa ia?noia ss?eea!” (Ae?a/,
o.1, n.194), “- Ciaeyienue, Aeaaeaiaea, Iice/ iaeaaa” (ss? Ne., o.1,
n.61), “…oiae?, ye No?eaia na?aeeoee Caiao?eeth i?iaeia aeiae?eey”
(ss? Ne.,o.1, n.60). O oaeeo eiioaenoao aeyaey?oueny iiaa
naiaioeei-iiaoe/ia ye?noue ?iai Ee?anueeiai iaioaiio – neiaie?coaaoe
iniaeeao oi?io caa?aaeaiiy ? iaeiie/aiiy aia?a?? iaoe??. Oe?ieee
ae?aiacii oaiii?aeueii? eaeneee caaacia/o? ia?acia a?aeoai?aiiy
iaaie?ouino? e?a?ie /a?ac aai?oeae “ia?ae noie?oue”, “aanea noie?oue”,
“/an aeoo?”, cia/aiiy yeeo i?aeneeth?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi i?oii?i?a: “Ia
ia?aao noie?oue i?aaeth aeeeaa? aone?. Oea ae Aiyiia? iaoanoace-
Aeaooathoue i?ae na?oeai caaone? Noa?i?onuee? iieeii? aenoace” (Ae?a/,
Oae?ae, n.73), “Ia aanea noie?oue iaeyaa? Oi?ea” (Ae?a/, A??o?.., n.85),
“…o?aiiei Oi?eaa, o/eoaeth aiii e nueiaiaei? a ian. Iao /an aeoo? c
oiai onueiai ieeaa, Iao /an aeoo? iaia?aaooi?e /an” (A?ia?., Ee?a,
n.14).

Naiaioe/iee eiiieaen “Ee?anueea ?onue” o neeaae? iae?iia?aco Oe?a?ie
i?aaenoaaeaiee aaaaoei oa ??ciiiai?oiei aio?iiii?i?/iei iaoa??aeii, ui o
iia? oai??a aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo aeiaeueiao? o?aaiaio iiaii? ea?oeie
na?oo, eiee oe?a?ioe?-?one/? ciooai? aoee i?eeiyoe /oaea ?icoi?iiy
nayoino? ye a?ae?a/aiiy a?ae na?oo oa iaea?/ii? ioae?ino? i?aaee?a.

?iaia eiyc?a, ui cono??/athoueny o iia? aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e, ?
a?aeoai?aiiyi ea?oei aeeooy e?a?ie ia??iaeo a?ae Aneieueaea aei
Aieiaeeie?a. “N?i ?ac?a i?ioyaii noie?ooy i?iy?oueny aea?aeaaia
iie?oeea, iia’ycaia c ?ae?a??th..: a?ae yce/ieoeoaa – aei o?enoeyinoaa ?
iaaiaee”. Oiio ia ooieoe?iioaaii? ?iai eiyc?a o iia? aiae?ciaaieo iiac?e
eaaeeoue a?aeaeoie ia o?eueee aiioe a?aeoiaeo a?ae yce/ieoeoaa, aea e
a?aeia?aaeaiiy noni?eueieo iiae?e o iia?e ?on?-Oe?a?i?. Iiaiie?iaiee
ooaeiaei?e ia?ac /ano, oaeei /eiii, ia an?o iiaieo ??aiyo aie?oa?oueny o
iae?iia?ac Oe?a?ie ? iia’yco?oueny c ooaeiaei?i caaeoiii ienueiaiiee?a.

*a?ac i?o?/i? ?iaia iaeoi/i?oa a?aeia?aaea?oueny eieaeueii-i?inoi?iaee
oa oaiii?aeueiee aeaeenen ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iia? iiac?? ss?a Neaaooe/a oa
?aaia Ae?a/a: “Oea iauaaeee aioa Aiaea Ia/ iaaiaeyoue ia oeone” (ss?
Ne., o.1, n.83), “Ia ino??a Eica/ee ieeae iai?, Uae” (Ae?a/, A??., n.
85).

Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo cania?a aeni?aneaiiai ae?aaeaiiy aeoiee, iiiaeaiiy ?
caaaa/aiiy ?ano?n?a aeey noai?aiiy ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iia? iiac?? ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy ? ?aaa?e?oaoe?y oiai eaene/iiai oa?o
aio?iiii?i?/ii? eaeneee, yeee i?acaioo? o?iiieia?/i? a?oe
ia?aaeo?enoeyinueeiai ?ae?a?eii-na?oiaeyaeiiai ei??iiy aeooiaiiai na?oo
oe?a?ioe?a. A oe?a?inuee?e iiac?? aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo ?iaia
yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a, i?o?/ieo aa?i?a oa eiyc?a aeei?enoiaothoueny
/ano?oa, i?ae o eeane/i?e iiac??. Oea iiynith?oueny iine?aeiaiith
aeaiie?aoecaoe??th iiaoe/ii? iiae.

Aeey aaaaoueio iiao?a ?noi?e/ia ieioea ia?iaeo ? aeaea?aeii iiaoe/iiai
aa/aiiy na?oo.

Oaeei aeaea?aeii aeey iiao?a aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo ? ?noi?ecie a
oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? oeueiai neiaa. Oea, cie?aia, ?iaia ?noi?e/ieo
iinoaoae i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueeiai eicaoeoaa Aiaaeaia
Oiaeueieoeueeiai, Iacaie, Aiaoia, Ia/ay, Aaeaee, Eiiaoaae/a,
Aeaianueeiai, Iaaaae, Aiioe, Ii?icaiea, E?eaiiina, N??ea, ?aaia Noeeie,
Nai?eea E?oee.

Oaaaeai? a iiaoe/iee eiioaeno ?iaia ?aaeueieo ?noi?e/ieo in?a
i?aee?aneththoue ni?eea?noue, aeo?eaae?noue, aieaethai?noue
eicae?a-ai?i?a, ui a?aenoithaaee aea?aeaai?noue Oe?a?ie: “Oaaea
iiiaionoa ai?oeaa?, Iacai?” (ss? Ne., o.1, n.259), “? aai?o, ye oaaey,
ce?oa? Aiaaeaia aaaeea aoeaaa” (ss? Ne., o.1, n.263).

Oaeei /eiii, aio?iiii?ie, ui ? neeaaeiaeie naiaioe/iiai eiiieaeno
“oe?a?inueea eicaoeoai”, o?enothoue i?ieeaee ia?ac aiioe eica//eie,
ooai?ththoue eaene/io i?e?inenoaio, yea o nai?io anoaoe/iiio
ia?aoai?aii? i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny caaaeueiiooaeiaei?i i?eioeeiai
ia?aciiai neiaiaaeeaaiiy.

Iiaeeaeaiiy o?einionueeiai ??oaiiy i?e ciaethaaii? ia?aco Oe?a?ie oa
caa?iaiiy iiao?a aei aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaenoino? a?aee?eee oeyo o iiac?th
?iaiai aa?i?a c iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie, a oeeo neiaie?/ieo
?iaiao eiioeaio?othoueny ?icaeoie i?i aeieth Oe?a?ie.

Iioeae oa niiniae aeei?enoaiiy ?iai-neiaie?a eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie o
iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy oae?:

ii-ia?oa, oe? neiaie?/i? ?iaia ia ciaoiaeyoueny o oeaio?? iiaoe/iiai
oai?o, a aeiiiiaaathoue o ?ica’ycaii? aeayeeo i?iaeai i?e noai?aii?
ia?aco Oe?a?ie, iai?eeeaae, a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aeooiaiino?:
“Aeeoiaoe a iiea, iiethnue, ye caaaeaee, nee?, ui caieth a aeieiiyo
o?eia? – Aeia?iio aiaia? Neiai?iaee” ( ?oae., Iiac., n.79), “Oa?ania?
i?ia?ni? ioeoe? — neiaa ooaathoue iaae Aei?i?ii” ( Noon, Aei?iaa.., n.19
), “– Ia?iaea, oe a neia? Oa?ana aine?an” (Iia/., Aiein, n.55 );
aeiiiiaaathoue ae?aaeaoe iaaio ?aeath iaaie?ouino? iai’yo? ai?oe?a ca
iacaeaaei?noue Oe?a?ie: “? oe ia i?e, naiiiinayoia Eanth, Iineaiea
ooaao, oi/iee a?noiaee” (ss? Ne., o.1, n. 473 ), “ss iiaa/ea o Eueaia?
E?eaiiinia? iea/? e O?aieiaa /iei” ( Nei., Eaa. iaoa?., n. 67), “Ie
/o?ii oaaa Eiaca?th , e??cue noie?ooy, ? aiein oa?e iai aeoo? ie?eey” (
Nei., Eaa. iaoa?., n. 79).

ii-ae?oaa, ??aeoa, aea ana ae cono??/athoueny a??o?, o yeeo oe? ?iaia,
aoaeo/e o oeaio?? oai?o, neiaie?cothoue ocaaaeueiaiee ia?ac an???
e?a?ie: “Iea/a Ia?ei *a?aioeia a?ey o?anoa eai’yiiai” (Iaae., o. 1, n.
313 ), “? neaey Aeiaaooa, ? oaieee e?einueeee eai?iue” ( In., Cae.,
n.37).

I?e noai?aii? ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iia? iiac?e ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy
aaoi?e aeoeaii aeei?enoiaothoue oi?ie caa?oaiue. O iiaoe/iiio eiioaeno?
oae? AI aeeiiothoue aiioe?eii-aeni?aneaio ooieoe?th c ?ic??ciaiiyi
noee?noe/ieo a?aeo?ie?a eaneaaino?, i?aeiino?, ?ioeiiino?, ai?ao. Aeey
noai?aiiy ia?ac?a ai?oe?a ca aieth oa iacaeaaei?noue Oe?a?ie iiaoe
ciaoiaeyoue iiceoeaii-ioe?ii? oi?ie. O caa?oaiiyo aei a?aeiieo ae?y/?a
aecaieueiiai ?ooo ia?aaea?oueny eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iee ci?no. Aiie
iaaeathoue iiac?? a?eueoi? ?ioiiaoe?eii? ae?aciino? oa aiioe?eiino?:
“Cae?ae, Cae?ae, ei?oeeaee A’y/aneaaa (*i?iia?e ), Oaaa a?i/a? oa?e
noa?aiiee o?oae” (ss? Ne.o.,1, n.454 ), “sse oia? aaaeaoueny oai,
Aaneeth (Neiiiaiei)! I?ae caieath,i?ae ??eeath — oai” (Ae?a/, A??. oa
iiai.,n.54 ), “Ioaei?e Na?oe/o (Na?oee/iee )! A oai?iue ?in?? Oe a?yaeao
?c oth?aiieo aei??a” (ss? Ne.,o.1,n.459 ).

Nieneioai?/ei “oeaio?ii” ie?aieo /aniaeo a?ae??ce?a o no?oeoo?? ia?aco
Oe?a?ie ? i?e?inenoaie “/an ?ai?an?e” oa “cano?eia ae?eni?noue”, iiaeai?
o iaaaoeaiiio ioe?iiiio ?aeo?n?. Oeae ia??iae o iia? iiac?e ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy ioioiaeith?oueny aeey aaoi??a c ?iaiaie ae?oc?a,
oiaa?eo?a, iie?oa’yci?a.

Aeei?enoaiiy o iia? iiac?e ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy ?iai ethaeae,
a?aeiieo o iie?oeoe? oa e?oa?aoo?? aeey noai?aiiy ia?aco Oe?a?ie
i?aeaeuo? aaaaoii??i?noue e??e/iiai oaenoo, ca?eueoo? aeni?an?th, ni?ey?
ia?acii-iiai?e eiie?aoecaoe?? o cia?aaeaii? /aniaiai a?ae??ceo
aeecueeiai ye iiaoo, oae ? /eoa/ai aiae?ciaaieo oai??a.

O Aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii caaaeuei? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy
e?iaa?noee?noe/ieo iniaeeainoae eaeneei-naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e ia?aco
Oe?a?ie o iiaoe/i?e iia? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy.

O ae?oa?e iieiaei? OO noie?ooy o?aaeeoe?eia iiaoe/ia oaia Oe?a?ie noaea
iniaeeai aeooaeueiith. Ia?ac Oe?a?ie iiaeia aaaaeaoe eeth/iaei aeey
oeueiai ia??iaeo.

Cia/ia i?noea i?e noai?aii? ia?aco e?a?ie iaeaaeeoue o?aaeeoe?ei?e
iiaoe/i?e eaeneoe?. I?e ia?aoiae? c a??oiaaii? nenoaie a i?aenenoaio
“ia?ac e?a?ie” ia anoaoeeo iiaiiai iaoa??aeo aieeaathoue aeaa oaeoi?e:
iaoii?i?/ia cae??ieai?noue ne?a-oai ca iaoe?iiaeueiei i?inoi?ii, iiaooii
oa ioe?iia caeaoi?noue iaaaia?aco, ui aeeeoo? aea?? c-iii?ae eeth/iaeo
ia?ac?a oeo, ye? caeaoi? ia?aaeaoe oeth ioe?ieo.

Anioe?aoeai? iiaeeeaino? neiaa aeoea?co? eiioaeno oai?o. Oiio aeey
aiae?co naiaioeee ooaeiaeiueiai neiaa cae/aeii iio??aai oe?ieee
eiioaeno, a oaeiae aeno?ae?iaa?noe/iee oii.

O iia? oe?a?inueei? iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy i?eaa?oa? oaaao
oaeee oei aano?aaoaaiiy, ye neiaie. Eiaeai ia?ac-neiaie o na?oiaeyae?
ia?iaeo ia aoa iaeiicia/iei.

Iaea?eueo /anoi iiaoi?thaaia a?oia eaeneee o iiaoe/i?e iia?
aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo – oea iiiaie, ui icia/athoue iacae ?ineei, ui ia
iaei ia iao? noai?aiiy ?aae?noe/ii? ea?oeie oe?a?inueei? ae?eniino?.
?aia?ooa? ?ineeiieo iii?iaoe?e o iiac?? aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo
iaaecae/aeii oe?ieee oa ??ciiiai?oiee. Oe? eaenaie i?aaeyoue ia eeoa ca
aioai?/i? iieacieee, a e ca oiiia?ao?/i? oa iioe?ithaaeuei?.

AI-oi?ii?ie, iaaoaath/e aeanoeainoae aeaiaio?a iiaoe/iiai neiaieea,
i?aai?/ii aie?oathoueny o neeaaeiee iaoaoi?e/iee ia?ac Oe?a?ie.
Aeeiioth/e ooieoe?? aeni?anai, oe? iiiyooy caaaa/othoue neiaie?eo
a?iiaaeyinueei? e??eee ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy, iaaoaathoue
i?aeaeuaii? aiioe?eiino?, noai?ththoue ineoieia?/iee na?o iiaoe/iiai
a?ae/oooy naiai ei??iiy oa ?iaeiaiaeo.

Iniaeea?noth aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?ii?i?a i?e ciaethaaii? ia?aco Oe?a?ie o
iiaoe/ieo oai?ao, ye? aiae?cothoueny, ? aaaaeaiiy oeeo AI o eiioaeno, ui
i?noeoue eaeneeo ia iicia/aiiy no/anieo iiiyoue ? iia’ycaieo c ieie
ae?e. O oeeo aeiaaeeao noai?ththoueny ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? neiaiee c iaoith
inieneeoe no/anio ae?eni?noue /a?ac iina?aaeieoeoai o?aaeeoe?eieo
iiaoe/ieo ia?ac?a-neiaie?a.

Iioea a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aeooiaiino? a Oe?a?i?, ui noaa iaeiei c i?ia?aeieo
o iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy, iaaoaa? iiaiai inieneaiiy ?
neiaaniiai ao?eaiiy. O aaaaoueio oai?ao iacae i?nueeeo ia’?eo?a, oea?eia
oa o?ai?a, iai?eeeaae, ieiua Eiio?aeoiaa, Eaa?a, Iiaeie, Cieio? Ai?ioa,
Aaeeiaa eeaaeiaeua aenooiathoue neiaieaie Oe?a?ie, ?? ieioeiai,
iaoa??aeueii? eoeueoo?e aaouee?aueie.

O iiaoe/ieo oaenoao ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy AI-i?ii?ie caa??aathoue
ia eeoa /anoeio naiai neiaie?/iiai cia/aiiy, eiai ocaaaeueithth/ee
ci?no. Aea ?acii c oei AI naiaioe/iiai eiiieaeno “eaiaeoaoo e?a?ie”:
Oieiaeia aaeea, Aeeea iiea, Naao?-iiaeea, Aaaei ss?, Eai’yinuee? oa?ane,
Ea?iaonuee? ai?e, Oa?aniaa ai?a, *i?iiai?a, Aaeeeee Eoa, *i?iee oeyo,
Ea?iaoe noai?ththoue ia o?eueee ea?oeie aaia?ao?/ieo iniaeeainoae
i?inoi?o Oe?a?ie, a e aenooiathoue iin?yie neiaie?/ieo cia/aiue
?noi?e/ieo oa aeooiaieo aeoie?a ia?iaeo.

O iia? iiac?e ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy iae/enaeuei?oo a?oio
noaiiaeyoue ?noi?e/i? ?iaia. Aiie aaeeaathoueny ia o?eueee a ?noi?e/ieo
oai?ao, a e a ioae?oeenoe/ii-aeaeea?aoeaieo, nioe?aeueii-iiaooiaeo,
?ioeiieo. ?noi?e/i? AI ioiieththoue ieioea Oe?a?ie, cie?aia aeiae
yce/ieoeoaa, Ee?anueei? ?on?, eica//eie, oe?a?inueeiai ?aianaino oa
?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie aae aei ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy. C ?noi?e/iei
eiei?eoii iiaoe/ieo oai??a iia’ycai? ?iaia i?o?/ieo aa?i?a oa
yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a Aeaaeaiaa, No?eaiaa, Ia?oia, ss?eea, Naa?iaa, Eey,
Oi?eaa, Uaea, Aiaea, Aiyia, aaeeo? a?aeiia?aeii aei eiioaenoo oa
AI-?iaia eiyc?a Ee?anueei? ?on? Aieiaeeie?a, Nayoineaaa, ss?ineaaa,
Ieaaa, Aeaieea, Inoeneaaa, ?cyneaaa, Iiiiiaoa, ?ai?y, ?inoeneaaa,
Anaaieiaea, Iaea, Ieueae, ?ai?aen??, Aiie, ?iai?aee.

E?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei? ?iaia naiaioe/iiai eiiieaeno “Oe?a?inueeee
?aianain oa ?icaeoie Oe?a?ie aei ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy”,
a?aeoai?ai? ienueiaiieeaie, iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei aeooae?caoe?? an?o
aeaiaio?a nai?? eaeneei-naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e. A?ae?iaeaeaiiy oaeeo ?iai
ni?e/eiaia i?aaiaiiyi iiao?a aei noai?aiiy eiioeaiooaeueieo neiaie?a.
Aaeaea naia oai?e eeane/ii? e?oa?aoo?e aoee caaaeaee iaae/a?iiei
aeaea?aeii ?aeae, nthaeao?a, ia?ac?a oa cia?aaeaeueieo cania?a.

Ie?aiith eaeneei-naiaioe/iith iaeeieoeath o no?oeoo?? ia?aco Oe?a?ie ?
?iaia no/aniee?a, a?aeii? /eoa/aa? a ca’yceo c iiae?yie
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy.

Noai?aiee ieooeyie ia?ac Oe?a?ie noaa iaiiaoi?iei ? i?ea?iaeueiei yaeuai
o i?ioean? caaaa/aiiy e ?icaeoeo ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeaeueieo cania?a
iiaoe/ii? iiae ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Neiaania neiaie?ea – ye can?a aeoiaaiiy o/i?a (ia iaoa??ae? ?iiaio I.
Aii/a?a “Niai?”) // Ca. oac ? aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ii? 75-??//th a?ae aeiy
ia?iaeaeaiiy I. O. Aii/a?a – Oa?nii, 1993.

2. Aieea iaoe?iiaeueii? neiaie?ee ia oi?ioaaiiy a?iiaaeyinueei?
na?aeiiino? iieiae? // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Oeyoe
?aae?caoe?? Caeiio i?i iiae a i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie”. –
Oa?nii, 1994.

3. Iie?nai?y ia?ac?a-neiaie?a o oai?/ino? Ae. Ia?eiae/a // Aeeaineiai,
1995. – ? 12. – N. 49-50.

4. Nai???aei?noue neiaie?ee iiaoe/ieo ia?ac?a E?ie Einoaiei / ia
iaoa??ae? Oeeeeo “Ei?ioei — ye ae?aaiic” // Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaoeea ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo”. AI
aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie. ?inoeoooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa Ee?anueeiai oi-oo ?i. O.
A. Oaa/aiea. — Ee?a – Oa?nii, 1996. – N. 284-286.

5. Aei i?iaeaie iiaiiai neiaieo // Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo
iai’yo? i?ioani?a N. A. Nai?eeaiea. *. ?. – Caii??aeaey, 1996. – N.
25-27.

6. Ia?ac Oe?a?ie o iia? iiac?e aeey iieiaeoeo oeiey??a //
Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee ca??iee “I?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe”.
*. ? – ???. – E., 1997. – N.91-95.

7. Niaoeeo?ea iiaoe/ii? iiae a aniaeo? e?iaainoee?noeee
//Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee ca??iee “I?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii?
ina?oe”. *. ?. – E., 1997. – n. 242-244.

8. Oi?ioaaiiy aeooiaiino? iieiaeiai iieie?iiy neiaieaie i?aa??e
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo // Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue OAeIO. Atheeaoaiue AAE
Oe?a?ie 1997 ?. – ? 4. – Oa?nii, 1998. – N. 231-234. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

9. Ieeii?i?y iiaoe/ie? oai??a ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy ye neeaaeiaa
ia?aco Oe?a?ie: Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “I?aaeaiiee a?o?a” (o?eieia?/i?
iaoee). – Aei. ?. – Oa?nii, 1998. — Atheaoaiue AAE Oe?a?ie 1997 ?., ? 4
– N. 99—105.

10. Oi?ii?ie o naiaioeoe? ia?aco Oe?a?ie (ia iaoa??ae? iiac?? ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy): Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “I?aaeaiiee a?o?a”
(o?eieia?/i? iaoee).– Aei. ?. –Oa?nii, 1998. – Atheaoaiue AAE Oe?a?ie
1997 ?., ? 4 n. 108—113.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ia?ac Oe?a?ie, iaea aaouee?aueia, neiaie?/iee ia?ac,
naiaioe/iee eiiieaen, ii?i, aeania iacaa (AI ), ?ineeiia iii?iaoe?y,
iiiai, i?e?iia?ac, iae?iia?ac, naiaioe/ia ia?aeaeue.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oaiioieeiaa ?. A. “E?iaainoee?noeea oai?aiiy ia?aco Oe?a?ie a
oe?a?inuee?e iiac?? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy”.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa.

Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, 1999 ?.

O ?iaio? aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao eiiieaeniiai aiae?co eaeneei-naiiaoe/ii?
no?oeoo?e ia?aco Oe?a?ie o iia? iiac?e ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy.

Aecia/ai? naiaioe/i? eiiieaene oa i?e?iia?ace, ye? ? neeaaeiaeie
i?e?iia?aco Oe?a?ie o nenoai? eaene/ieo cania?a iiaoe/ii? iiae
aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo.

Eiiieaeniee eaeneei-naiaioe/iee aiae?c iiiai?a ia iicia/aiiy
/anii?inoi?iaeo ?aae?e o no?oeoo?? ia?aco Oe?a?ie ?icoe?th? oyaeaiiy i?i
e?iaainoee?noe/i? iniaeeaino? aiae?ciaaieo oai??a. Iaoa??aee oa
aeniiaee, ui i?noyoueny o aeine?aeaeaii?, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
iaienaii? i?aoeue ocaaaeueithth/iai oa?aeoa?o c e?iaainoee?noeee oa i?e
oeeaaeaii? Neiaieea ia?ac?a ? neiaie?a oe?a?inueei? iiac?? ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ia?ac Oe?a?ie, iaea aaouee?aueia, neiaie?/iee ia?ac,
naiaioe/iee eiiieaen, ii?i, aeania iacaa (AI ), ?ineeiia iii?iaoe?y,
iiiai, i?e?iia?ac, iae?iia?ac, naiaioe/ia ia?aeaeue.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oaiioieeiaa E. A. “Eeiaainoeeenoeea nicaeaiey ia?aca Oe?aeiu a
oe?aeineie iiacee aoi?ie iieiaeiu OO noieaoey”.

Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01. – oe?aeineee ycue.

Caii?iaeneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, 1999 aiae.

A ?aaioa aia?aua naeaeaia iiiuoea eiiieaeniiai aiaeeca
eaeneei-naiaioe/aneie no?oeoo?u ia?aca Oe?aeiu a ycuea iiacee aoi?ie
iieiaeiu OO noieaoey. Ii?aaeaeaiu naiaioe/aneea eiiieaenu e iee?iia?acu
Oe?aeiu a nenoaia eaene/aneeo n?aaenoa iiyoe/aneiai ycuea aiaeece?oaiiai
ia?eiaea.

Eiiieaeniue eaeneei-naiaioe/aneee aiaeec iiiaiia, icia/athueo a?aiaiiua
e i?ino?ainoaaiiua ?aaeee a no?oeoo?a ia?aca Oe?aeiu ?anoe?yao
i?aaenoaaeaiea i eeiaainoeeenoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoyo aiaeece?oaiuo
i?iecaaaeaiee.

Iaoa?eaeu e auaiaeu, niaea?aeaueany a enneaaeiaaiee, iiaoo auoue
eniieueciaaiu i?e iaienaiee ?aaio iaiauathuaai oa?aeoa?a ii
eeiaainoeeenoeea, a oae aea i?e ninoaaeaiee Neiaa?y ia?acia e neiaieia
oe?aeineie iiycee aoi?ie iieiaeiu OO noieaoey).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia?ac Oe?aeiu, iaeay ?iaeeia, neiaiee/aneee ia?ac,
naiaioe/aneee eiiieaen, iiei, eiy nianoaaiiia, iiiai, iee?iia?ac,
iae?iia?ac, naiaioe/aneay ia?aeaeue.

ANNOTATION

Shaposhnikova I.V. “Linguostylistics of Creation of the Ukraine Image in
Ukrainian Poetry of the 2nd half of the XX Century”

Dissertation on conferring Candidate Degree of philological sciences.

Speciality 10.02.01

Zaporozhian state university, 1999

Research of the Ukrainian artistic language of the XXth century is one
of the actual problems of the Ukrainian linguostylistics from the point
of view of evolutional aspect and in connection with a new approach to
aesthetic problems as well. Under existing conditions of totalitarian
regime an artificial excluding of poetic works, belonging of this period
from national culture to the representatives took place. As a result a
ponderable level of aesthetic language has not been investigated yet.

A traditional Ukrainian poetic theme appeared to be especially actual in
the second half of the XXth century. Image of Ukraine may be considered
a basic one for the poetry of the period. Nevertheless actuality of the
depicted problem is determined by necessity of further research of the
problems connected with linguostylistic peculiarities of creation of the
Ukrainian image.

Proceeding from the above-mentioned, the suggested scientific research
includes discovery and semantic analysis and hanging up of ideological
lavels of lexical expressive means traditionally connected with the
theme of motherland in Ukrainian poetry and lexical units closely
related with this theme in the idialects of the writers of the period.

The sources of factual material are the poetic texts taken from the
works of I.Dratch, M.Vingranovsky, D.Pavlitchka, V.Simonenko, V.Stus,
P.Movchan, L.Costenko, Y.Slavutich, M.Rudenko, P.Osadchuk. A
structurally-semantic outline of Ukrainian image can find most distinct
and bright expression in their works.

The object of the analysis is the plant nominations and place-names
(toponymies and antroponymies) which were brought into language of the
poetic works of the 2nd half of the XXth. Century. Each nation takes
care in memory its unique picture of the world and reflects it in the
plant-names, people, and territories.

The following problems are worked out in the thesis:

1) Selection of the most frequently used lexical – names of plant
realize connected with the Ukrainian theme and basic changes that took
place in the connotative system of the analyzed lexemes in the 2nd half
of the XXth century;

2) The peculiarities of the functions of homonyms which denote proper
names and traditional for Ukrainian symbols;

3) Analyses of a lexical group to designate the frequent realize which
conceive a symbolic meaning in the poetic language of the 2nd half of
the XXth century;

4) Functions of the names of time-like realize in the styles of some
writers to creation of the Ukrainian image.

5) Examination of structural peculiarities of creation of the Ukrainian
image in the language of the analyzed verse;

6) Composition of the register of the key-words in the Ukrainian image
structure of the 2nd half of the XXth century.

The attempt of complex analysis of lexicosemantic structure in the
language of verse of the 2nd half of the XXth century has been made in
the thesis. Definite semantic complexes and mikroimages of a given
period, which represent the components of mikroimage of Ukrain in the
system of lexical means, have been analyzed.

A composite lexico-semantic analysis of the units on designation of
time-like realias in the structure of the Ukrainian image broadens
conception of linguostylistics means of the analyzed texts. Materials
and deductions which are included in the investigation may be used in
further scientific works dealing with the problems of linguostylistics
and in practice of compiling a dictionary of images and symbols of the
Ukrainian poetry of the second half of the XXth century.

The results of the scientific research can be used in teaching
stylistics, linguostylistics analyses of the text, lexicology, course
and diploma writings.

The thesis consists of introduction, two chapters, conclusion, list of
Bibliography, abbreviations and supplement.

Introduction grounds actuality of the theme, characterizes a problem
study state, determines the aim and tasks of the work, its novelty;
formulates the basic theoretical statements suggested for defense.
Different theoretical approaches to the language of artistic poetic
works, the history of problem of verbal symbolism are traced here.

The first chapter – “Linguostylistic peculiarities of plant nomination
used for creation of the Ukrainian image in the 2nd half of the XXth
century” – is devoted to analysis of the lexical group on designation of
landshaft realias in the Ukrainian image structure. The semantic plant
complexes (trees, bushes, flowers, grass, vegetables, mosses, and
cereals).

The second chapter – “Realization of semantico-stylistic potential of
plant nominations (toponymies and antroponymies), proper names in the
language of poetry of the 2nd half of the XXth century in creation of
the Ukrainian image gives the description of linguostylistic
peculiarities of onomastic vocabulary in the Ukrainian image structure”.

Conclusion presents a summary of the results of research and the facts
of the usage of plant nominations — toponymies and antroponymies in the
structural image.

Additions – a register – pointer of key-words in the Ukrainian image
structure.

The work ends with the list of Bibliography and abbreviations. General
work scope – 166 pages.

Key-words: Ukrainian image, native land, symbolic image, semantic
complex, proper name, plant nomination, microimage, semantic parallel,
onym, vhonyn.

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