Лексика українського народно-сценічного танцю: Автореф. дис… д-ра мистецтвознав. / К.Ю. Василенко, Київ. держ. ун-т культури і мистецтв. — К., 1998.

2

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

Aaneeaiei E?i THoeiiae/

OAeE 793.31/477/

A 19

Eaeneea oe?a?inueeiai

ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth

niaoe?aeuei?noue

17.00.01- oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? iiiia?ao?y “Eaeneea oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth” — 3 aeaeaiiy — 32,04 ae?.a?e.
E.:Ienoaoeoai,- 1996?.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a ?inoeooo? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?o oa
aoiieia?? ?i. I.?eeuenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie (1967-1970 ?.?.) oa Ee?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa (1970-1995 ?.?.)

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE: caneoaeaiee ae?y/ ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,
i?ioani?

Noai?oaanueeee TH??e
Ieaenaiae?iae/,

caa.a?aeae?eii oaao?o
?inoeoooo ienoa-

oeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?o oa
aoiieia??

?i.I.?eeuenueeiai IAI O?a?ie,

i.Ee?a.

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ ienoaoeoa
Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,
i?ioani?

Eeei TH??e Eueaiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ ea —

oaae?e oi?oai?aii
Ee?anueeiai aea? —

aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
eoeueoo?e ?

ienoaoeoa, i.Ee?a.

aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,
*o?ei

THe?y Ieoaee?aia, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e

oi?aia?ao?? I?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa.

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA:Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y ea??aieo eaae-

??a eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa I?i?n-

oa?noaa eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “5” n?/iy 1999 ?ieo i 12-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.807.02 i?e Ee?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa ca aae?anith: i.Ee?a —
133, aoe. Ui?na, 36

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? i?e
Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa (i.Ee?a,
aoe. Ui?na, 36).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “4” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Caaaaea?/oe A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. C i?iaieioaiiyi naiino?eii? niai?ii? Oe?a?ie
i?aeaeueeinue aeei?enoaiiy eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie, ye iniiae aeey
?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Iniaeeai oea
iii?oii o ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?iiai oa ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai
oaioeth. Ia?aae oao?aoeyie iinoaei caaaeaiiy ae??oaiiy oe?ei? iecee
i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue, iiaycaieo c iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii oi?aia?ao?/iiai
ienoaoeoaa, oai??? oa i?aeoeee aaeaoiaenoa?nueei? iaenoa?iino?,
niaoe?aeueii? ina?oe oiui.

Oeueiio ni?ey? ? i?eeiyoee o?yaeii a na?ii? 1996 ?ieo Caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i
ina?oo”, a yeiio aecia/aii no?aoaa?/io iaoo ina?oe, ni?yiiaaii? ia
oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?, noai?aiiy oiia aeey oai?/iai
?inoo iniaenoino?, ?? iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae, aeoea?caoe??.

O eiie?aoiiio a?aeoai?aii? ae?eniino? caniaaie oaioeth ia ia?oee ieai
aeoiaeeoue ieanoeea ? ?oo, eio?? o ?aeiino? c ioceeith neeaaeathoue
iniiao oi?aia?ao?/iiai oai?o, eiai iiaoe/io iiao — eaeneeo, nai???aeio
ia?acii-ae??ao, ?aeaeii-aiioe?eio nenoaio ?oo?a oa ?o eiiieaen?a.
Ca?aene aeieeaa? iaeia c aieiaieo aeine?aeieoeueeeo i?iaeai — aea/aiiy
?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo eaeneee oaioeth, ocaaaeueiaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano c
iiceoe?e no/aniiai ?icaeoeo anoaoe/ii? oa ienoaoeueeiciaanueei? aeoiee.
Caaaa/aiiy eaeneee — iaeia c iniiaieo ieoaiue aaiethoe?? oi?aia?ao?/iiai
ienoaoeoaa. Oea eeth/ aei iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai
oaioeth, a oi?o?eaoe?y iaca ?oo?a oa ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y iaeaaeeoue aei
aaaii?oeo ienoaoeoaiciaa/eo i?iaeai.

Aaaaoi??/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a?eueo?noue aaeaoiaenoa??a,
i?aoethth/e iaae ia?iaeith oieueeei?iiai oaioeth /e iinoaiiaeith
aeaniiai oai?o ia iniia? ia?iaeieo ia?yae?a, cae/a?a, o?aaeeoe?e,
iae/ano?oa aeei?enoiaothoue oaioethaaeueiee oieueeei? ye nooi
i?eeeaaeiee, ciai?oiuei- ?ethno?aoeaiee iaoa??ae, aac a?aooaaiiy eiai
nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/ii? oa eoeueoo?ii-anoaoe/ii? i?e?iaee, eiiiiceoe??,
ioceee, ae?? oiui.

Niiioea? aei oeueiai ? iaiaeue niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e, c yei? iiaeia
aoei a ae?noaoe ae/a?iio a?aeiia?aeue ia caieoaiiy, ye? aeieeathoue i?ae
/an iinoaiiaee oaioeth.

Iaoiaeeoe? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeiiai oaioeth, aea/aiith eiai ?noi???,
cayce?a c noi?aeieie ienoaoeoaaie i?eae?eaii iaaecae/aeii iaei i?noey.
Niaoe?aeueio na?oiao e?oa?aoo?o, a ye?e /anoeiai ca/?ieththoueny o? /e
?io? ieoaiiy, aa?oi oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia oae? a?oie:

1. Ia?o ca ana, iaaia cia/aiiy iathoue i?aoe? eeanee?a
oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa, iaaeaaia?a, aaeaoiaenoa??a, oaao?iciaaoe?a,
ioceeiciaaoe?a, a ?iaioao yeeo ii?o/ c ?ioeie i?iaeaiaie
?icaeyaeathoueny, oi/a ? iia?aeii, ieoaiiy cayce?a eaenee eeane/iiai oa
ia?iaeiiai oaioeth. Oea aeine?aeaeaiiy AE.Iiaa?a, ?.Aaeueaa?aa, A.
Ao?iiia?ey, E.Aeac?na,I.Oie?ia, O. Eiiooiaa,
A.Aiaaeaiiaa-Aa?acianueeiai, ?.Caoa?iaa, TH. Neii?inueeiai, I.
Aeueyoa,TH.Noai?oaanueeiai, I.Caaaeeaae/.

2. Aei ianooiii? a?oie ne?ae a?aeianoe ?iaioe ii oai??? oa iaoiaeeoe?
eeane/iiai, oa?aeoa?iiai, ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioe?a, ?o cayce?a c
ioceeith. Oea ?iaioe: I.Eiiooiaa, I.Oe?y?aa, I.Ai/a?iaa,
ss.Aieeinueeiai, A.Aaaaiiai?, I.Aaca?iai?, I.Oa?aniaa, A.Aa?aciai?,
I.Nooeiee?ii? oa ?io?.

Iaea?eueo aeecuee? aei aeaii? i?iaeaie i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo
aeine?aeiee?a:A.Aa?oiaeioey,A.Aa?aiaiea, ?.Aa?a- nei/oea, A.Aoiaithea,
A.Ai?einueei?,I.Oaooeuenue-eiai a oaeiae ?iaioe c ia?iaeii? oa
ia?iaeii-noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao??: E.Aieaecianueeiai, A.Ee?iiaa,
O.Oea/aiei, A.Ono?iiai?, TH.*o?ei.

Na?aae iaoa??ae?a, ye? aeei?enoaa aeena?oaio, —
?noi?eei-aoiia?ao?/i? i?aoe? ii oieueeei?o: A.Oooaae/a, I.*oaeinueeiai,
A.Aiaothea, O.Eieane, ?.O?aiea, Ae.ssai?ieoeueeiai, E.Oe?a?iee,
A.A?ei/aiea, I.Eenaiea, A.Aa?oiea, I.Einaaia, TH.A?iieay, A.Aon?aa,
A.Iaoeea, A.?eaaeiaa oa ?ioeo.

O an?o ia?ae?/aieo ?iaioao eaeneea oaioeth ?icaeyaea?oueny a
cayceo c aiae?cii a?eueo ocaaaeueiaieo i?iaeai — ?noi??? oaioeth, eiai
caycie c ioceeith, aaeaoiaenoa?nueeith oa aeeiiaanueeith iaenoa?i?noth
oaioeth.

Ine?eueee a i?aeoeoe? ia o?eueee a?o/eciyii?, aea e na?oiai?
ienoaoeoaiciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e niaoe?aeueii?, oe?e?nii? oa
ooiaeaiaioaeueii? oai?aoe/ii? ?iaioe ii eaeneoe? ia?iaeiiai oaioeth
iaia?, oi o aea/aii? oeo /e ?ioeo yaeu noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii?
eoeueoo?e aeine?aeieee cono??/athoueny c iii?oieie o?oaeiiuaie.

A?aenooi?noue niaoe?aeueieo oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c i?iaeaie
aea/aiiy eaeneee ia?iaeiiai oaioeth coiiaeee aea?? iniiaii? oaie
iaoeiai? i?aoe? — “Eaeneea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth”.

O aeai?e i?aoe? aia?oa o na?oia?e oi?aia?ao?/i?e iaooe? c?iaeaii ni?iao
i?iieeiooe o aeeaeio i?iaeaie ? ii/aoe aeine?aeaeaiiy c ii?oieia?? ?ooo
oa eiai no?oeoo?e — aca?iiiiaycaieo ieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a, ?o oa?aeoa?ieo
iciae oa ??ciiiai?oiiai aeei?enoaiiy o ??cieo aeai?ao oa aeaeao
oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny o cia/iiio /aniaiio
a?ae??ceo /ii/eiath/e c aeoie?a oi?aia?ao?/ii? eaeneee /an?a Ee?anueei?
?on? aei iaoeo aei?a/ c aeei?enoaiiyi ?noi?e/iiai, nenoaiiiai,
ii??aiyeueiiai, no?oeoo?iiai, neio?iiiiai oa ae?ao?iiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
ae??oaiiy eeth/iaeo ieoaiue, ?o ie?aieo iaoiaeieia?/ieo aniaeo?a ?,
iaeii/anii, aeyaeaiiy ?? aeiaaeueii?, iniiaii? oaiaeaioe?? — noai?aiiy
eaene/iiai, ia?acii-oaiaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo aeey no/aniiai oi?aia?ao?/iiai
oai?o.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia iiiia?ao??
iiaycaia c aea?aeaaiith eiiieaeniith iaoeiaith oaiith I?i?noa?noaa
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie “Eoeueoo?a. I?ina?oieoeoai. Aeica?eey.”

Aeena?oaoe?y ? /anoeiith eiiieaenii? oaie, yea aeine?aeaeo?oueny ia
eaoaae?? ia?iaeii? oi?aia?ao?? Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaii i?e neeaaeaii? iaa/aeueieo oa
?iai/eo i?ia?ai c i?aaeiao?a: “Ienoaoeoai aaeaoiaenoa?a”, “Oe?a?inueeee
oaiaoeue”, “?noi??y oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa”, “Iaoiaeeea ?iaioe c
naiiae?yeueiei oaioethaaeueiei eieaeoeaii”, a oaeiae niaoeeo?no “Eaeneea
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai-noeai?/iiai oaioeth”.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?icaeyiooe oe?a?inueeo oi?aia?ao?/io eaeneeo a ??
?noi?eei-aaiethoe?eiiio, ia?acii-oaiaoe/iiio,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiio ?aeiaii? oa nenoaiaoecoaaoe oeyoe ??
caaaa/aiiy, a oaeiae oi?o?eoaaoe oa eeaneo?eoaaoe ?ooe oe?a?inueeiai
oaioeth.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe o aeine?aeaeaii? iinoaaeaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

n — cynoaaoe iiaeeeaino? eaeneee o no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiio ieai?,
i?iaiae?coaaoe ii?oieia?th oa iniaeeaino? oi?aia?ao?/iiai ia, i?eioeeie
eiai eii?aeeiaoe?? (iniiai?, cayceia? oa i?io?aei? ?ooe, ?o
iie?ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue oa oa?aeoa?i? iciaee);

n — iieacaoe caeaaei?noue eaeneee a?ae ci?noo oa oi?ie,
ia?acii-oaiaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo iinoaiiaee, ?? caa?ocaaaeaiiy oa iiaoaeiae
iane??cii? ae??;

n — ?ice?eoe iaoe?iiaeueio nai???aei?noue oa eieaeuei? iniaeeaino?
oe?a?inueei? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eaeneee oa ?? caycie c ioce/iei
oieueeei?ii;

n — iieacaoe oeyoe aaiethoe??, noaiiaeaiiy, ?icaeoeo oi?aia?ao?/ii?
eaeneee a?ae iaeaeaai?oeo ?eooaeueii-ia?yaeiaeo ae?e o oi?iaiaeao aei
no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth;

n — ?icaeyiooe ieoaiiy caaaa/aiiy oe?a?inueei? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eaeneee;

n — ocaaaeueieoe i?ioean aca?iiae?? eaeneee c aeaiaioaie eeane/iiai
oaioeth, nii?oo, aeaiaio?a ?ai?, ?icaaa;

n — ?icaeyiooe i?noea oa cia/aiiy, aca?iiaieeao, aca?iicaaaa/aiiy
eaeneee oa ie?aieo eiiiiceoe?eieo i?eeii?a oaioe?a ia?iae?a, ye?
aeeaooue ia Oe?a?i?: ?in?yi, a?ei?on?a, iieye?a, iieaeaaai, neiaae?a,
oai?oe?a, ?oioi, aieaa?, aaaaoc?a;

n — aecia/eoe iniiai? iciaee, ca yeeie ?ooe iaea?aeothoue iacae;

n — oi?o?eoaaoe oa?i?iieia?th oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai oaioeth;

n — eeaneo?eoaaoe ?ooe oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth, ?icae?eeaoe ?o ii a?oiao
oa i?aea?oiao.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith iiiia?ao?? ? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee i?ia?aeieo
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo ienoaoeoaiciaaoe?a, aoiia?ao?a,
oieueeei?eno?a, ioceeiciaaoe?a, iaoa??ae?a niaoe?aeueieo nai?ia??a,
eiioa?aioe?e, neiiic?oi?a.

A ae?oa?e /anoei? ?iaioe “Eaeneeii oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth” ca iniiao iaoiaeeee ?iciiae?eo
oaioethaaeueieo ia i?e ?o eeaneo?eaoe?? acyoi eeaneo?eaoe?th, noai?aio
A.Aaaaiiaith. Iiaaoi?, iaaeaaia-i?aeoee ii?aeio? oi?ie eeane/iiai
oaioeth ca aeaeiaeie iciaeaie: aaoiaie, e?oaiiaa?oaiiy i?a, ?ooe ?oe,
iice, caycoth/? oa aeiiii?aei? ?ooe, no?eaee, oaioe? ia iaeueoeyo, oo?e,
?io? aeaee iiai?io?a. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iath ?iaeoeoeaiee iaoiae ia?aoiae?a
a?ae i?inoiai aei a?eueo neeaaeiiai, a?ae /anoeiaiai aei ocaaaeueiaiiai
aecia/a? iinooiaeueiee i?eioeei ?icaeoeo ooaeiaeiuei? na?aeiiino?
aoaeue-yeiai ia?iaeo, oi?ie, aeaeo, noeeth oaioeth, eiai eiiiiceoe??.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaa eiiieaeniee aiae?c
eaeneee oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth, yeee aeeth/a? ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iee oa
ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iee i?eioeeie. Aeei?enoaii oaeiae ??ciiaeaee aiae?co:
eaene/iee, neioaene/iee, eiiiiceoe?eii-a?o?oaeoii?/iee, a oaeiae
iaoiaee: oi?iaeueii-no?oeoo?iee, ?noi?e/ii-ii??aiyeueiee,
ia?acii-ii??aiyeueiee.

Ia?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia aac? yeeo aoee c?a?ai? iaoa??aee aeey
niinoa?aaeaiue, aiae?c?a oa eiie?aoieo ocaaaeueiaiue, aoee:

a) a i?ioean? ?iaioe i?iaiae?ciaaii eaeneeo ia?iaeii-noeai?/ieo oaioe?a,
ye? aoiaeyoue a ?aia?ooa? i?ia?aeieo i?ioan?eieo oa naiiae?yeueieo
ainaiae?a oaioeth: Aea?aeaaiiai caneoaeaiiai aeaaeai?/iiai ainaiaeth
oaioeth ?i. I.A??nueeiai, oaioethaaeueieo a?oi i?ioan?eieo ia?iaeieo
oi??a, iiiaae 50 aiaoi?nueeeo ainaiae?a oaioeth, a oiio /ene? oae?
caneoaeai? eieaeoeae Oe?a?ie, ye: “sso?aiue”, “Aei?i?i”, “Aea?ie/aiea”,
“Aaee/eia”, “THi?noue Caea?iaooy” oa ?io?.

Aei oeueiai ne?ae aeiaeaoe a?eueoa 250 nooaeaionueeeo eo?niaeo
oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o, iinoaaeaieo ia eaoaae?? ia?iaeii? oi?aia?ao?? a
Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa, ea??aieeii
yeeo aoa ? ? aeena?oaio ai?iaeiaae 28 ?ie?a.

a) oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy a aaeoc? oi?aia?ao??;

a) aaciina?aaei? caycee oa oai?/a ni?eeoaaiiy c aeaeaoieie iaeno?aie
ia?iaeiiai oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa: ?.Ii?n??aei, ?.Caoa?iaei,
O.Ono?iiaith, A.A?iinueeei, I.A??nueeei, E.Eae?i?iei, I.Aaioooii,
I.Aiiiiii oa ?ioeie;

a)iniaenoee aeina?ae aaeaoiaenoa?nueei?, iaoeiai? oa iaaeaaia?/ii?
?iaioe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aaoi?ii aia?oa a ?noi??? oi?aia?ao?/iiai
ienoaoeoaa iiaea?oueny iaa?oioiaaia ia aaaaoiieaiiaiio aenia?aiaioaeueii
— i?aeoe/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? oai?aoe/ia o?aeooaaiiy iaeaaaeeea?oeo
i?iaeai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth, ye? iiaycai? c eiai iiaoe/iith
iiaith — oi?aia?ao?/iith eaeneeith.

Oaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny eiiieaenii o a?aeiia?aeiino?
c ?aeaieia?/iiai, o?einionueeiai, nioe?aeueiiai, iaaeaaia?/iiai aniaeo?a
?icaeoeo, a oaeiae i?ia?aeieo iiceoe?e oai??? oa anoaoeee ia?iaeiiai
oaioeth, aaeaoiaenoa?nueei? i?aeoeee.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy aiae?co?oueny c iiceoe?e a?iiaaenueei?
eoeueoo?ii? i?aeoeee, o eiie?aoiiio cayceo c no/aniei ooaeiaei?i
aeina?aeii ia?iaeo, oi?aia?ao?/ia eaeneea ?icaeyaea?oueny a na?o?
aaaeeeaeo aoi?/ieo oa i?aeaoi?/ieo i?ioean?a. Ia aaaaoi/eneaiieo
i?eeeaaeao ?ice?eoi ni?euei?noue ii?oieia?/ieo no?oeoo? oe?a?inueeeo
?oo?a ye a ?aa?iiaeueiiio aniaeo?, oae ? noiniaii oaioethaaeueii?
eaeneee ia?iae?a, ye? aeeaooue a Oe?a?i?.

Eaeneea ?icaeyaea?oueny a ?? noaiiaeaii?, caaaa/aii?, iiaeeo?eaoe??
a?ae aeaaiuei?onueeeo oi?iaiae?a, ieynie, oaioe?a aei no/anieo
aaaaoiieaiiaeo eiiiiceoe?e. Oeae i?ioean a?aeaoaa?oueny caaaeyee
a?aeiiaeaiith no?oeoo?e noa?iaeaai?o ?oo?a, aeei?enoaiiy eieaeueieo
?oo?a, aeaiaio?a oaioe?a nii??aeiaieo eoeueoo?, eeane/iiai oaioeth,
nii?oo, ia?iaeieo ?ai?.

Aiae?co?oueny caycie eaeneee c iniaeeainoyie ioce/ii-oi?aia?ao?/iiai
eiei?eoo: iaoe?iiaeueiiai, eieaeueiiai, noeeueiaiai, aeeiiaanueeiai.

Aeena?oaio aeaoaeueii coieiy?oueny ia ieoaii? aaciina?aaeiueiai cayceo
ii?oieia?? oi?aia?ao?/iiai ia c ioce/iith iniiaith — ?eoiioa?oioaaiiyi,
aeoeaiooaaiiyi, ithainoaaiiyi; eia?/iiai ?aeiaiiy eaeneee c
eiiiiceoe??th oaioeth.

Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai ae??oea o nai?e ?iaio?
caeiaoaa/ — oea noai?aiiy oi?aia?ao?/iiai neiaieea, yeee iae?/o? iien 1
067 ?oo?a oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth. Aia?oa aecia/aii oa?i?iieia?/i?
eaae?o?eaoe?ei? iicia/aiiy, iniiai? iciaee, ca yeeie ?ooe iaea?aeaee
naith iacao; oi?o?eiaaii caaaeueio oa?i?iieia?th oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth.

Aeoiaey/e c ii?oieia??, oaoiieia?? aeeiiaiiy, aeaeiaeo iciae ?ooo
iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy a oi?aia?ao?? caeiio ?yaeo (a?oia ?oo?a) oa
eiai eaiee (i?aea?oia); iiaea?oueny iiaia eeaneo?eaoe?y oe?a?inueei?
oi?aia?ao?/ii? eaeneee ia 21 a?oio c a?aeiia?aeieie 30 i?aea?oiaie.

Oi?o?eaoe?y iaca oe?a?inueeeo ?oo?a oa ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y iaeaaeeoue aei
iaeaaaii?oeo ienoaoeoaiciaa/eo oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai, a ?iaioa aeena?oaioa
noaea ia??aeiei eaiaiai ienoaoeoaiciaa/i? iaoee — “Eaeneeieia?y
oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa”, yea ciaeaea nai?o aeine?aeiee?a o aaaaoueio
iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?ao, aeaeao oa oi?iao oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Eaene/i? oa eiiiiceoe?ei? ciao?aeee, ye? aia?oa
aaaaeai? aeena?oaioii o i?aeoeeo ? ye? a iiaeaeueoiio aoei cao?eniaaii a
eiai ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo, /?oea iaoiaee/ia ?iceeaaeea ?oo?a
oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth oa e?ea?aeaoe?y caaaeyee oeueiio oa?i?iie?/ii?
iaocaiaeaeaiino?, ciaeoea o iianyeaeaii?e ?iaio? no/anieo aaeaoiaenoa??a
anaa?/ia canoinoaaiiy iacae oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia i?e noai?aii?
aaaaoi/enaeueieo iiaeo eaene/ieo eiia?iaoe?e.

Ciaiiy oa?i?i?a a?aee?eei iia? oeyoe oa oi?ie iiaioaaiiy oaoiieia??
caieno oaioeth, ca yeith iiaea?oueny e?a?aoi, noeaia?ii-eiiiiceoe?eiee
ieai, ioceee oa ia?ae?e iaca ?oo?a, iineeath/enue ia ?iaioo “Eaeneea
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth”. Aa?oi, cie?aia, caaaeaoe
eieaeeo “THE UKRAINAN FOLK DANCE” I.Oaooeuenueeiai. Oi?iioi. Eaiaaea.
1986 ?., a ye?e iiai?noth ia?aianaii caien aaeeei? e?eueeino? ?oo?a c ?o
oi?o?eaoe??th c ia?oiai aeaeaiiy “Eaeneee”.

Iaoa??aee iiiia?ao?? aeicaieyoue ?ice?eoe oa iiaioaaoe oaoiieia??th
caieno oaioe?a ? neoaeaoue ye aeeeaaea/ai, oae ? nooaeaioai iaa/aeueiei
iin?aieeii i?e aiae?c? eaeneee o ienoaoeueeeo ?inoeoooao, oi?aa?neoaoao,
o/eeeuao eoeueoo?e, eieaaeaeao, niaoe?aeueieo oeieao ienoaoeoa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a /eoaii?
eaeoe?eiiai eo?no oa ia i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo a Aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai??
ea??aieo eaae??a eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa I?i?noa?noaa eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie. Neiaiee oe?a?inueeeo ?oo?a aea? iiaeeea?noue
aaeaoiaenoa?ai noai?thaaoe iia? eaene/i? eiia?iaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, iaoa??aee oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeena?oaioa aeeeaaeaii o oi?i? aeiiia?aeae, oeeee?a eaeoe?e, ye?
ii?aeioaaeenue c i?aeoe/ieie iieacaie /iinoaiiai/ia ?iaioa/, iaea?aeaee
ai?iaaoe?th ia oe?a?inueeeo oa i?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oiao, nai?ia?ao,
iaoeiai-oai?/eo eiioa?aioe?yo c oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii? oi?aia?ao?? /
ssiii?y — Oie?i, 1961., Iieueua — Aa?oaaa, 1964., E?ae?a, 1966.,
Neiaa//eia — I?yo?a, 1966, Eeoei?a, 1968., Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1972.,
Iaeana, 1982., Eeaeiaaea, 1984., O?aioe?y — Iiioa?ae?, Oaeeao, 1972,
1973, 1974., Ee?a 1991, 1994, Euea?a 1995/.

Ia i?aeia?iaeieo nai?ia?ao aeey ni?aa?o/eciee?a, ye? aeeaooue
ca ei?aeiiii, aeena?oaioii i?i/eoaii eaeoe?? ii oe?a?inuee?e oi?aia?ao??
oa ?? eaeneoe? ? iinoaaeaii iiiaae 60 i?ea?iaeueieo oe?a?inueeeo
oaioe?a: “Aaee/aeueiee Aiiae”, “Uaae?ee”, “Ai?ioa?/ee”, “Aii-Iaco?”,
“Iinoieeee-nieieeee”, “Naaoa”, oi?aia?ao?/i? ea?oeie «Ni?i/einue- eee
y?ia?ie”, “Iiae?euenueea eoiaeueieoey”, “I?/ ia?aae ??caeaii” oa ?io?,
ye? caeeaee i?oeio ?aia?ooa?io iniiao ? aeeiiothoueny ia i?ioyc? a?eueo
ye aeaaaeoeyoe iyoe ?ie?a a oaeeo ainaiaeyo oaioeth, ye “Aa??cea”
/ssiii?y-Oie?i/, “E?aeiaye” /Iieueua-E?ae?a/, “Aei?i?i”
/NOA-Iueth-Ei?e/, “Caii?iaeoe?”, “Aiiae” /O?aioe?y-Iiioa?ae?-Oaeeao/,
“Eaiaiy?”, “Iieoaaa”, “Eiaca?” /Eaiaaea — Aaeiiioii, ??aeaeaeia,
Aaieoaa?/ oa ?ioeo. C 1970 ?ieo oiaa?enoaii “Oe?a?ia” i?ae i?oaeith
eaoaae?e ia?iaeii? oi?aia?ao?? oa ?? aeeeaaea/?a i?iaaaeaii 42 nai?ia?e,
ia yeeo aoee i?enooi?ie a?oie aaeaoiaenoa??a oa nie?no?a-aeeiiaaoe?a c
28 e?a?i na?oo. Ca na?ae/aiiyi i?ane aeoe?y ii aea/aiith oe?a?inueei?
oi?aia?ao?? iaaeaea iiaooiueiai ?iioeueno a ni?aa? ?icaeoeo oa
iiioey?ecaoe?? oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e, noai?aiith nioi? iiaeo
oaioethaaeueieo ao?oe?a, ainaiae?a a?ae Aano?ae?? aei Aeynee. Ca
inoaii? ?iee i?iaaaeaii aano?ie? i?ia?aeieo eieaeoea?a c aeaeaeiai
ca?oa?aeaey ? aaee/aciee ?o oai?/ee oni?o ia noeaiao Oe?a?ie oiio
na?ae/aiiy. ?aia?ooa? a i?ia?aeieo oe?a?inueeeo ca?oa?aeieo eieaeoeaao
ia 50 % — 60 % neeaaeathoue oaioe?, iinoaaeai? aeena?oaioii oa eiai
o/iyie, aeeeaaea/aie eaoaae?e, o/anieeaie caaaeaieo nai?ia??a.

Oaioe?, oi?aia?ao?/i? eiiiiceoe?? aeena?oaioa, cao?eniaai? a
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao ia i?ioyc? aaaaoueio ?ie?a, aeeiiothoue a
i?ioan?iiaeueieo oa naiiae?yeueieo oaioethaaeueieo ainaiaeyo. Cia/ia
e?euee?noue c ieo ia?aaeaeaia aea?/?, o?e/?, iaea?aeaea nai? iaeaeu?
ioe?iee oa iaai?iaee ia oai?/eo eiieo?nao, oanoeaaeyo, a oiio /ene?:
“Oe?a?inueeee aan?eueiee oaiaoeue” — ia?oa i?noea oa cieio? iaaeae? ia
Ananithciiio oa I?aeia?iaeiiio eiieo?nao /i.Iineaa, 1957/, “Eoiaeuenuee?
?icaaae”, “*a?aiia eaeeia” — ia?oa i?ai?y ia ?anioae?eainueeiio eiieo?n?
/1960/ oa Aeaeaae? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e oa ienoaoeoaa /i.Iineaa,
1960/. Oe? ae oaee oaioe? iaea?aeaee ia?o? i?ai?? ca e?aua e?a?aooi oa
noeaia??e a ia?iaei?e oi?aia?ao?? /i.Iineaa, 1961/,
“Aeoaiueee-/a?aoaiueee”, “Oiaeeoue aa?aoc ii ai?iaeo” — ia?oa i?noea ia
?anioae?eainueeiio oa Ananithcieo iaeyaeao /Ee?a, Iineaa, 1963/, “Iai?
o?eiaaeoeyoee ieiaei” — caaiiy eao?aaoa ia Oaa/aie?anueeiio eiieo?n?
/Ee?a, 1964/, “Eicaoeueeiio ?iaeo — iaia ia?aaiaeo” — ia?oa i?noea ia
?anioae?eainueeiio eiieo?n? /Ee?a, 1967/, “Uaae?ee”, “Aea?ie/ainueeee
aiiae” — ia?oa i?noea ia Ananithciiio iaeyae? /Iineaa, 1970/, “Aiiae”,
“Eaeeiea” — ia?oa i?noea ia ?anioae?eainueeiio iaeyae? aoc?a eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa /Ee?a, 1981 ?./.

Aeena?oaioii iinoaaeaii oaioe? oa eiiiiceoe?? ia
a?iiaaenueeeo o?i/enoinoyo a i.Ee?a? ia Oeaio?aeueiiio noaae?ii?,
Iaeaoe? nii?oo, Iaeaoe? eoeueoo?e “Oe?a?ia”, i?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oiao
(anueiai iiiaae 30 o?yaeiaeo eiioea?o?a). Aa?oeia iaenoa?iino?, ye
aecia/eea i?ana, aoea iinoaiiaea iaeiiaeoiiai ia?iaeiiai aaeaoo “Aeeeia
i?i Ee?a” ia Oeaio?aeueiiio noaae?ii? /Ee?a, 1985 ?./. A iinoaiiaoe?
aoei caeiyoi 2500 aeeiiaaoe?a /30 eieaeoea?a/ oa an? aeeeaaea/? eaoaae?e
oi?aia?ao??.

Anueiai ca 55-oe??/io aaeaoiaenoa?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue
/ii/eiath/e c 1942 ?ieo/ aeena?oaioii iinoaaeaii a i?ioan?eieo oa
naiiae?yeueieo ainaiaeyo, ia nai?ia?ao iiiaae 220 oe?a?inueeeo oaioe?a
oa oieueeei?ieo a?aiaee?iaie.

Aeena?oaio ?acii c /eaiaie eaoaae?e noai?ea oaao? oaioeth
“Cieio? ai?ioa”, aea oe?oothoue naith iaenoa?i?noue iaeoaeaiiaeo?o?
nooaeaioe oa aeeeaaea/?, aeei?enoiaoth/e iia? eaene/i? iaaeaaiiy.

Ca oai?/? aeinyaiaiiy o ni?aa? iiioey?ecaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai
oaioeth, oaioethaaeueiei ainaiaeyi “Aei?i?i” /i.Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinuee/ oa
“Aea?ie/aiea”, i?aai?caoi?ii ? ea??aieeii yeeo aoa aeena?oaio, i?enai?ii
caaiiy Caneoaeaiieo ainaiae?a oaioeth Oe?a?ie. C ienoaoeoaii oeeo
eieaeoea?a iiciaeiieeenue aeyaea/? ca ei?aeiiii: a ssiii?? (aea?/?),
Aieaa??? (o?e/?), Iieueu? (o?e/?), *aoineiaa//ei? (o?e/?), ?oae??
(o?e/?), O?ieyiae??, I?ia//ei? (o?e/?), Aano???, O?aioe?? oa a ?ioeo
e?a?iao.

Oai?/? ?iaioe aeena?oaioa cao?eniaaii a ooaeiaei?o,
iaoeiai-aeieoiaioaeueieo o?eueiao: “I?ni? iaae Aei?i?ii” /1956/, “Ni?aa?
Oe?a?ia” /1957/, “Aeca?aeeioe?” /1958/, “I?i ui nia?a/athoueny o na?o?”
/1959/, “Ooainaeue aeaieoue Oa?aioiueeo” /1960/, “*an ianiiae?aaieo
iaiae??aie” /1960/, “Ia e?eeao i?ni?” /1961/, “Aea?ie/ainueea ?aeaeoaa”
/1965/, “Oiaeia?? no?oie” /1967/, “Aea?ie/ainuee? oiaee” /1968/,
“Aea?ie/aiea oaioeth?” /1969/, “Ie c Oe?a?ie” /1980/.

Ia iiiia?ao??, iaoiaee/i? iin?aieee, oai?/? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii iiiaae
300 noaaeueieo a?aeaoe?a oa ?aoeaic?e.

A??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
caaacia/o?oueny oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth eiai
aeo?aeieo iiceoe?e; a?aeiia?aei?noth aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo
iao? ? caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, e?euee?niei oa ye?niei iaoeiaei
aiae?cii oaeoieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo, cina?aaeaeaiiai a a?o?aieo
aeaea?aeao; ii?aeiaiiyi eia?ei-oai?aoe/iiai oa ?noi?e/iiai aiae?co
iaoa??aeo; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa?aeoa?enoeee no/aniiai noaio iaoiaeeee
aeeeaaeaiiy oi?aia?ao?/ieo aeenoeeie?i ? caaaeueieo oaiaeaioe?e ??
?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??
ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 16 iiiia?ao?yo, i?ae?o/ieeao aaoi?a, 14
iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao, iaoeiaeo noaooyo oa iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo
aeey aeeeaaea/?a oa nooaeaio?a, 36 ca??eao caien?a oaioe?a aaoi?a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Iiiia?ao?y ianyaii 32,02 ae?oe.a?e. — 424
noi??iee neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio /anoei, eio?? aeeth/athoue
/ioe?e ?icae?ee, ye? iiae?eaii ia 21 ia?aa?ao, i?noeoue 33 iaethiee, 18
iioieo i?eeeaae?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??.

Ia?oa /anoeia iiiia?ao?? — “Eaeneea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai
oaioeth”.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Ii?oieia?y ?ooo” ?icaeyaeathoueny
oi?ii-oai?/?, no?oeoo?i?, ia?aci?, ooieoe?iiaeuei?, oa?aeoa?i?
iaoe?iiaeuei? oa eieaeuei? iniaeeaino? aaiethoe?eiee ?icaeoie
oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia, ?o iiaoaeiaa, oa?aeoa?i? iciaee, ?eoii-ieanoe/ia
ocaiaeaeaiiy ?oo?a o?ea, iica a oaioe?. Iiaeathoueny iniiai? iiceoe?? oa
iieiaeaiiy ?oe, i?a, ei?iono, aieiae a ia?ao, o??eeao, ianiaeo oaioeyo.

Ca?iaeaeaiiy oaioethaaeueieo ?oo?a nyaa? a neao aeaaieio.
Ethaeeia i?e aeeiiaii? ia?a?nieo o?oaeiaeo i?ioean?a ii/eia? iinooiiai
i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaoe aeaye? ?eoi?/i? aeaiaioe aeey noai?aiiy i?ei?oeaieo
?ethno?aoeaieo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia, ye? a ?i?ooaaee ?iai/ee i?ioean. Oe?
?ooe o o? /ane aoee oaea ia oo?e?oa?i?, a iaee ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ia
i?ecia/aiiy ? a cayceo c oeei aoee /?oei i?aai?ciaai?, i?aeeyaaee
caaeaiiio oaiii?eoio, iaee iaaio o?eaae?noue. Ioaea, oa?aeoa?iith
a?aei?ii?noth oi?aia?ao?/iiai ia a?ae iiaooiaiai ?ooo ? eiai nai???aeia
ni?yiiaai?noue aei ooaeiaeiino?.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aaiaceno oe?a?inueei? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eaeneee
iaaecae/aeii oe?eaa? aeniiaee aea? ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee iaoiae
aiae?co, aeaiiino?oth/e, ye a i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy aeaye? ?ooe
iiaeeo?eothoueny a?ae iaei?ino?oeo aei iaeneeaaei?oeo oi?i. A?cueiaii
cae/aeio i?enyaeeo. Aaea a VI noie?oo? iao? i?aaeee oaioethaaee o
iai?ai?enyaeeo. Iieiaeaiiy ei?iona, ?oe, iiceoe?e i?a oaioeth?eno?a ca
nai?th no?oeoo?ith aiaeia?/i? no/ani?e o?aaeeoe??.

Caa?oath/enue aei i?ci?oeo ?noi?e/ieo /an?a — aiioe noai?aiiy Nio??
Ee?anueei? (e?iaoeue O? — ii/aoie O?? no.), aa/eii ia o?aneao
cia?aaeaiiy oe?eiai neiii?ioiiai ae?enoaa, a yeiio cao?eniaaii oaioe?
i?ae aeiiiaiaiaio aeoaea??a, aeii?enoa, aoney?a. Iai?ai?enyaeea oaea
aa??th?oueny — oaioeth?eno aeeiio? ?? c aeoeeynieeii. C o?ainoi?iaoe??th
cia/ii? e?eueeino? oi?iaiae?a o iiaooia? oaioe?, a yeeo /ieia?/ee
oaiaoeue ia? aeii?ioth/a cia/aiiy, cyaey?oueny e aeaiaioa?ia,
iaei?ino?oa i?enyaeea.

Ua a aeaai? /ane ia?iaei? aeeiiaaoe? iii?oeee, ui a iiaiiio
i?en?aeaii?, aeiiny/e iiao aia?aae /e aa?e, iiaeia noai?eoe iiaee
oe?eaaee ?oo. Oae aeiee iiacoiaoeue. Ioaea, ia?ii aaiethoe?eiee oeyo
i?enyaeee: iai?ai?enyaeea, i?enyaeea ?, ia?aoo?, ?? aeua oi?ia, yea a
no/ani?e oe?a?inueei? oi?aia?ao?? aeae?eeeany a ie?aio a?oio ?oo?a,-
iiacoiaoeue c iio?aeieie a?ae iueiai aa??aioaie oa oa?oioaaiiyie.

O eiaeiiio ?noi?e/iiio ia??iae?, ii/eiath/e c aeaaiuei?onueei?
eoeueoo?e, a ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeiino? ? aei
nueiaiaei?, ci?ith?oueny ia o?eueee no?oeoo?a ie?aieo ?oo?a, aea e
o?ainoi?iothoueny iaei? aeai?e oa ia?iaeaeothoueny ?io?.

Eiaeiee ?oo neeaaea?oueny c e?eueeio /anoei: aeo?aeiiai iieiaeaiiy,
caoaeoo, iniiaiiai aeaiaioa, i?io?aeiiai /e i?io?aeieo oa
eoeuei?iaoe?eieo aeaiaio?a.

I?e aeeiiaii? ?ooo iaaaeyea cia/aiiy ia? ? caoaeoiaee aeaiaio —
aeeiiaiiy o??? /e ?ioi? /anoee ?ooo, yea i?eiaaea? ia caoe /e a?oio
caoe?a, ui o ioce/iiio noi?iaiae? noaiiaeyoue niaith iaiiaiee oaeo aai
ia?aaeoaeo.

sseui o caienao oaioe?a aeo?aeia iieiaeaiiy, a oaeiae caoaeo “?” /?oei
aecia/ai?, oi a i?aeoeoe?, iniaeeai yeui ?oo — eia?/ia i?iaeiaaeaiiy
iiia?aaeiuei? eiia?iaoe??, oe? aeaiaioe i?aai?/ii aie?oathoueny o ieceo
oaioethaaeueieo ia, ? aeae?eeoe ?o ie?aii iaeaea iaiiaeeeai.

Cia/ia e?euee?noue oe?a?inueeeo ?oo?a, ye i?aaeei, cae?i/othoueny ia
o?ao?e a?n?i?oe? (?aooiie 2/4), ? /aoaa?oa a?ae?a?a? ooieoe?th caoaeoo
aei ianooiiiai ?ooo (i?e aeeiiaii? aeayeeo i?enyaeie — iaaaeeeee no?eaie
oai?o, a aeey i?inoeo oiae?a — eaaeue iii?oia i?en?aeaiiy).

A oi?aia?ao?? ?oo aeyaey? naaa ia o?eueee a ocueeiio iiiyoo?
iaoai?/ii-i?inoi?iai? oi?ie ye aeaiaio oaioeth, aea, e a a?eueo cia/iiio
aniaeo? — aioo??oi?e no?oeoo?? — neioac? ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeaeueieo
cania?a, c aiioe?ei?noth, /ooo?aei a?aeoai?aiiyi o??? /e ?ioi?
neooaoe??, ae??, noaio, ii/oooy, ethaeeie. Aeeiiaiiy iaeiiai ?ooo
coiiaeth?oueny oi?iith ?ioiai, yeee, o naith /a?ao, ia?aaea? anoaoaoo
ianooiiiio. Oaeei /eiii, noai?th?oueny /?oea ?eoi?/ia ci?ia
nenoaiaoeciaaieo ae?acieo iieiaeaiue ethaenueeiai o?ea. I?aai?/i? oa
aaaaoia?aii? caycee i?ae ?ooaie, aeanoaie, iicaie i?aeii?yaeeiaothoueny
ioce/iiio iaoa??aeo, yeee ii?aeio?oueny c ooaeiaei?i caaeoiii
aaeaoiaenoa?a. Naia oe?, iaiii?oi? ia ia?oee iiaeyae caycee, ui
a?oioothoueny ia i?oeii canai?i?e ienoaoeoaii oiai /e ?ioiai ia?iaeo,
niaoeeo?/i?e aoaeia? ?ooo, aeanoo, iice, ?o i?aai?/iiai ii?aeiaiiy c
?ioeie ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeaeueieie caniaaie, i?eoaiaiieie ia o?eueee
iaai?e oi?aia?ao?/i?e eoeueoo??, aea e ie?aiiio aeai?o, aeaeo,
noeeueiaiio iai?yieo, aaaeooue aei noai?aiiy /?oeeo eaeneei-neioaene/ieo
oa eiiiiceoe?eieo niieo/aiue, c yeeo neeaaea?oueny oi?aia?ao?/iee oa??.
Eaeneeo aa?oi ?icaeyaeaoe c iiceoe?e oeo anoaoe/ieo ooieoe?e, ye? aiia
aeeiio? i?e noai?aii? caaaeueiiai oaioethaaeueiiai eiioaenoo, oiaoi ??
aiioe?eii? ia?aciino?.

Aaeaaoenue aei aiae?co, iaaieioo?ii, ui oi?aia?ao?/i? ?ooe,
i?eeiie, aeanoe, iice iaoiiaeththoueny caaaeaiiyi noai?eoe iaaiee
ooaeiaei?e ia?ac. Naia oiio nooi no?oeoo?i? oa ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/i?
iniaeeaino? eaeneee ?icaeyaeathoueny a ?aeeiiio neioac?, a ia
a?ae??aaii, ?cieueiaaii. Iaa?oue aeoeaiooth/e oaaao ia ie?aiiio,
iiaeeeai aocueeiio ieoaii?, ie iiayco?ii eiai c ia?aci?noth, aeai?ii,
aeaeii, ?c caaaeueiith eiino?oeoe??th ienoaoeueeiai oai?o.

Oae, aa?oi oie /e ?ioee ?oo ia?aianoe c iaeiiai oaioeth a ?ioee aai c
iaeiiai aeai?o /e aeaeo a ?ioee (aac ci?ie eiai no?oeoo?e), ye ie
ao?aoeii eia?/io caeiiii??i?noue eiai aeieeiaiiy o cayceo c ?ioeie
?ooaie. A oea i?ecaaaea aei i?aaethaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o
oi?aia?ao?/iiai oai?o, aei ii?ooaiiy caeii?a aeai?o ? o.i.

A?cueiaii, i?ei??ii, oi?aia?ao?/io i?i?aoth?o I.A??nueeiai “Ie i?ae
aeoiath” ? ia?anoaaeii oi?aia?ao?/i? ia c oeueiai oai?o o aoaeue-yeee
no/aniee oaiaoeue. Iae?aco ae a?ae/oaa?oueny, oae ae iiaeoe, a?aiaoe/ia
iaocaiaeaeai?noue eaene/ieo aeaiaio?a. O aeuacaaaeaieo oai?ao
aeei?enoaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo oaioethaaeueieo ?oo?a aeiiiiaaa? noai?aiith
ia?ac?a, ye? iieacothoue iaaio ?noi?e/io aiioo, a?aeaeaathoue
a?aeiia?aei? oiiae. O oeeo oai?ao caaaeueiia?aeii? ia nai???aeii
o?ainoi?iothoueny, i?aeii?yaeeiaoth/enue caeiiia? aeai?o (naoe?a,
aoii?), ? iaaoaathoue iniaeeai? i?e?iaeiino? e iaiao?aei?ino?.

Aeaoaeueia, anaa?/ia inieneaiiy oi?aia?ao?/ii? eaeneee oai?o aeiiiiaaa?
cynoaaoe caeiiii??iino? eiai ooaeiaeiuei? no?oeoo?e, aea? iiaeeea?noue
i?inoaaeeoe ca oai?/ith aeoieith aaeaoiaenoa?a-iinoaiiaieea.

Ineoieia?/iee i?ioean ieneaiiy aaeaoiaenoa?a i?ae /an ?iaioe
iaae iiia?ii, i?iieeiaiiy o nooue ia?aco aacothoueny ca noaiith: caaeoi
— ae?eni?noue, ane?c — iioea, noaia — ?ic?iaea, ?, ia?aoo?, ?aae?caoe?y.
Ia an?o oeeo aoaiao o aaeaoiaenoa?a i?aoeth? oai?/a aeoiea, yea
ia?aoai?th? ?ioo?oeai?, anioe?aoeai? a?ae/oooy, oyaeaiiy, ii/oooy ?
o.ae. o iaoa??ae?ciaai? oi?aia?ao?/i? ia?ace.

Anioe?aoeaia ieneaiiy aeeaeoueny aeaiia oaeoi?aie. Ia?oee
aieiaiee — iiaa yaeua ae?eniino?, yea aa/eoue, a?ae/oaa? aaeaoiaenoa?,
ae?oaa, c?icoi?ei — oa ciaeiia, cae/ia, c /ei oea yaeua anioe?th?oueny.
A i?aai?/iiio ceeoo? ae?acieo cania?a aieiaio ?ieue a?ae?a?a?
oaioethaaeueiee ?oo, eiai i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy aioo??oi?e ?ioiiaoe?ei?e
eia?oe? ?icaeoeo ae??. Naia c iueiai ? ii/eia?oueny oeyo aei noai?aiiy
ooaeiaeiueiai ia?aco, yeee ? iniiaith oi?aia?ao?/iiai oai?o ?
ni?eeia?oueny /anoi iiina?aaeeiaaii /a?ac oi?aia?ao?/i? o?ace, ?a/aiiy,
ia??iaee, ui e noai?ththoue “iaeiae?th oaioeth”. “Oaiaoeue ii/eia?oueny
oai, aea ?oo ia?iaeaeo? ia?ac, a ia?ac ? iin??i aiioe?? ? aeoiee, aea
ona?aeiieaia /a?aoaaiiy ieanoe/ieo ?oo?a noai?th? ci?io aiioe?eieo
noai?a ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo ia?aco”, — ienaa
A.I.Aiaaeaiia-Aa?acianueeee o “Noaooyo i?i aaeao”.

Oi?aia?ao?/iee ia?ac — yaeua neeaaeia. Eiai c?ei? eiiiiiaioe (?oo,
i?i?ea, iice) — eeoa iaoa??ae aeey noai?aiiy aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e, o
ye?e aieiaio ?ieue a?ae?a?a? aiioe?ei?noue, /ooo?aa ni?eeiyooy o??e /e
?ioi? aeeoo?ai? neooaoe??, ae??.

Noai?aiiy oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia?ac?a, iniaeeai a oaeiio neeaaeiiio
ca oaoi?eith aeeiiaiiy oaioeyo ye oe?a?inueeee, iiaycaii ?c cia/iei
o?ce/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi. Aeeiiaaaoeue ia? aeeanoeny a oi/i? /ania?,
?eoi?/i?, i?inoi?ia? iaae? e iaeii/anii oai?eoe oaiaoeue, ae?eiaee,
ia?aciee. Oeei oaiaoeue ? a?ae??ciy?oueny, neaae?ii, a?ae ae?aiaoe/iiai
oai?o. Ia oeueiio iiiaio? iaiaeii?aciai iaaieiooaaa E.Noai?neaanueeee
yeee aeioaiii e?eoeeoaaa aaea?ei, ye?, oaioethth/e, ?iciaoothoue ?oeaie,
iieacothoue c “i?eeea?- iith” oni?oeith-ianeith nai? iice, aeanoe,
ieeoth/enue ieie eeoa ciai?. Oaeei aeeiiaaoeyi iio??ai? ?ooe ? ieanoeea
eeoa ca?aaee ?oo?a ? ieanoeee. Aiie aeeiiothoue oaiaoeue, yeee
neeaaea?oueny c /a?aiaiao iaai?o “ia” iacaeaaeii a?ae aioo??oiueiai
ci?noo, ? noai?ththoue oi?io aac noo?.

Eaeneea oaioeth — eeth/iaa i?iaeaia, iaeia c iaea?eueo
ae?eiaeo cania?a a?aeoai?aiiy ae?eniino?. Caa?oath/enue aei ia?, ie
aecia/a?ii ci?no oaeeo iiiyoue, ye: ia?aci?noue eaeneee ? oi?aia?ao?/iee
ia?ac. Oea ??ci? ca nai?th nooo?a?noth eaoaai???, ye? ia aa?oi i?
ci?ooaaoe, i? ioiaeithaaoe. Aac aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei oeeo
iiiyoue, a?aooaaiiy ?o yeinoae, iaiiaeeeai ?ic?a?aoenue o ooaeiaei?e
no?oeoo?? oaioeth, eiai neeaaeiaeo /anoei, i?iaanoe eiie?aoiee
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee, ia?acii-oaiaoe/iee aiae?c.

Ia?aci?noue eaeneee — eaoaai??y noee?noe/ia, aiia
noai?th?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith ia?aeiaiiy na??? nai???aeieo ?oo?a, iic,
aeano?a, i?i?ee, i?eeii?a, cania?a ?o aeeiiaiiy ? ?ici?uaiiy a i?inoi??.
Ia?aci?noue eaeneee caeaaeeoue ? noai?th?oueny ia o?eueee
eaeneei-eiiiiceoe?eieie no?oeoo?aie, i?eeiiaie, aea e caaaeueiei
?aeaeiei ia?acii-oaiaoe/iei ni?yioaaiiyi oai?o, eiai an?ia eiiiiiaioaie
/ioceea, ae?aiaoo?a?y, iaioii?ia, einothi, a?ei, ioi?ieaiiy, ? o.ae./. A
caeaaeiino? a?ae eiioaenoo, ?ioiiaoe?eiiai caaa?aeaiiy ?oo iaaoaa?
iae??ciiiai?oi?oa nieneiaa ? aiioe?eia cia/aiiy.

Oi?aia?ao?/iee ia?ac -eaoaai??y anoaoe/ia. I?ae iath ie
?icoi??ii eiie?aoi? /e ocaaaeueiai? noeaie aeeooy, i?e?iaee, noai?ai?
aaeaoiaenoa?ii ca aeiiiiiaith aeiienea, anioe?aoeaiiai aa/aiiy ? o. ae.,
ye? iathoue iaaio anoaoe/io oe?ii?noue. ssae?i ia?aco, eiai nooue —
yaeua ia eaene/ia, aea aa?oi iai ia?aeoe a?ae ci?noo aei eiai
oi?iioai?/i? no?oeoo?e, ye ie eiinoaoo?ii ?o ia?ic?eaiee caycie,
eiiieaeni?noue, eaioeeai?noue. Ioaea, oaioethaaeueiee ?oo, eiia?iaoe??
ia o?eueee noai?ththoue iaiei/eo ia?aco, aea ? ? oi?iith eiai ?nioaaiiy,
? oiio ieoaiiy ia?aciino? eaeneee ? oi?aia?ao?/iiai ia?aco
ia?a?inoathoue o ieoaiiy i?i ?ieue eaeneee o eiai oi?ioaaii?,
noai?aii?.

Aeyaea/ iiaea ? ia caiaiyoaoe, c yeeo eaene/ieo aeaiaio?a
noai?aii ia?ace Iiaeieyii/ee ? THiaea o oi?aia?ao?/i?e ea?oeioe?
I.A??nueeiai “Iiaeieyii/ea”, aea ia?ace a?i caiaiyoa?.

?oo, i?i?ea, iice, c?eiee eiiiiiaio — eeoa iaoa??ae aei
noai?aiiy ia?aco, eiai aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e, o ye?e aieiaio ?ieue
a?ae?a?a? aiioe?ei?noue, /ooo?aa ni?eyiiy o??? /e ?ioi? aeeoo?ai?
neooaoe??. Eaeneea oaioeth iiaea noaoe eiino?oeoeaiei aeaiaioii ia?acii?
ae?aciino? o?eueee a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee iaaia e?euee?noue ?oo?a,
aeano?a, iic, ia?aoai?ththoueny a /?oeee ?eoiiieanoe/iee iioea, ca yeeie
noiyoue aeoiee, ii/oooy, ae??, ye? iiaeooue noaoe nieneiaei
ae?aaeaeueiei yae?ii oi?aia?ao?/ii? ?iciia?ae?, a a iiaeaeueoiio ?
iniiaith iaeaooiueiai oi?aia?ao?/iiai ia?aco, yeee ia??aeei
ni?eeia?oueny anioe?aoeaii. Aeeiiaaaoeue iiaeiai aeeanoenue o oi/i?
/ania?, ?eoi?/i?, i?inoi?ia? ?aiee ? iaeii/anii c?iaeoe oaiaoeue
ae?eiaei, ia?aciei. Oea ceeooy oaoi?ee oaioeth c ia?acii oaioeth ? ?
o??th iaaeiaeiith ieii ? aeooath o?ainoi?iaoe??th, yea aeania ? noai?th?
oaiaoeue. Oaeei /eiii, oi?aia?ao?/iee ia?ac aoaea noai?aii eeoa oiae?,
eiee o oaioe?aieea aioo??oi?e iiiieia c?ee?oueny c eiai ciai?oi?i
aea?aaeaioii ? aoaea noai?aii ?aeeio e?iaoe/io nenoaio ii/ooo?a.

Ooieoe?iiaeueii-anoaoe/iee aiae?c oi?aia?ao?/iiai oai?o
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? caycie eaeneee, eiiiiceoe?? c eiai ci?noii. Caycie oeae,
ye aoei cacia/aii aeua, i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee ia?aci?e nenoai?. Oaeei
/eiii, aioo??oiy oi?ia oaioeth — ia?ac — i?aaenoaaey? niaith
ae?aeaeoe/io ?aei?noue ci?noo oa oi?ie.

Ia?ac o ni?aaaeiueiio, ?aae?noe/iiio oi?aia?ao?/iiio oai?? ?
oi?iith noiniaii aei iniiaii? ?aea? ? ci?noii noiniaii aei ciai?oiuei?
oi?ie oaioeth — eaene/ieo ? eiiiiceoe?eieo aeaiaio?a, a oaeiae ?ioeo
ae?aaeaeueieo oa cia?aaeaeueieo cania?a, c yeeo ? neeaaea?oueny oa??.
Ae?th/e “a?ae naaa”, oaioeth?eno iieaco? eia?eo ae?? iniae, yeo a?i
cia?aaeo?. Nooue ia?aao?eaiiy, ca aeo/iei aeneiaii E. Noai?-
neaanueeiai, o oiio, uia oaioeth?eno ia i?a aecia/eoe, “aea y, a aea
?ieue”. Aioo??oith oaoi?eo a?oeno?a oi?io? inieneaia oaioethaaeueia
oaoi?ea, yea ia?a?iaey? o?ce/ii-aiioe?ei? a?ieia?/i? ?eoie e ie?ai?
?ioiiaoe?? o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio ?on? c aaeeeith e?euee?noth ithain?a,
aeeiai?/ieo a?aeo?ie?a, aeaoaeae. Aiia ae, o naith /a?ao, noai?th?
ae?eiao, aacnthaeaoio ? nthaeaoio eiiiiceoe??, ui ?iiae? aieeaathoue ia
aeae, aeai? oaioeth.

I?ineaaeaiee iaenoa? oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth I.A??nueeee noaaea
ia?aae aeeiiaaoeyie caaaeaiiy ia o?eueee ciaeoe naaa o ?ie?, aea e
aeaoaeoaaoe ?ieue o nia?, oiaoi ia?aao?eeoeny a ia?ac.

O noeai?/iiio ia?ac? ae?? aeeaa ethaeeia — oaioeth?eno, yeee
ao?eth? caaeoi aaeaoiaenoa?a a ooaeiaei?e ia?ac. Noeai?/iee ia?ac
noai?th?oueny ia ?aiaoeoe?yo ? a niaeoaee?, oiaoi a?i ia?iaeaeo?oueny o
ieoue aaaaeaiiy eiai a ae?th, ia?aao?eaiiy a ae?eiao iniao.

A oe?a?inuee?e oi?aia?ao?/i?e eoeueoo?? aaaaoi nthaeaoieo
oaioe?a, o yeeo ae?thoue ia o?eueee ie?ai? aa?i?/i? ia?ace: Aiioa,
Aaoaaeie (aoeiaeinueeee oaiaoeue) Aeiaaoo, aea?o?aeea? — Aaiaecy,
Ieeiea, Ao?ei (oooea?, aeo?aiee) ? o.ae., aea e ocaaaeueiai? ia?ace
i?e?iaee: Oiiiey, Ia?eia, Caa?eieoey, Aa?ae/aiueea, Eaeeia *a?aiia oa
?io?.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy ie?aieo ?en o ienoaoeoa? — oeyo aei aeieeiaiiy
ooaeiaei?o ia?ac?a. sseui a iaooe? ocaaaeueiaiiy — oea eia?/iee ia?ao?ae
a?ae aocueeiai ca nai?i ianyaii oyaeaiiy aei a?eueo oe?ieiai, oi a
oi?aia?ao?/iiio ienoaoeoa? ocaaaeueiaiiy aaaea aei eieaeoeaiiai ia?aco a
eiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio aeyaeaii?. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui i?ae
?iaeea?aeoaeueiei ? eieaeoeaiei ia?acii ia ?nio? ei?aeii?a. Aa?oi
aeeiiaaoeth eieaeoeaiiai ia?aco c?iaeoe iacia/iee ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee
oo?eo, ye a?i iae?aco ia?aoai?th?oueny ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee. Aeeneo/ei
iaeno?ii oaeeo ia?aao?eaiue oa ?ii?ia?caoe?e aoa I.A??nueeee. Aeineoue
caaaeaoe eiai iieioii “Caii?iaeoe?”. Oai ? iaeaiueeee ai?ciae: noa?ee
inaaoe i?aeoiaeeoue aei iieiaeiai eicaea e n?ia? eiai ca eaaeue iii?oi?
aoneee. Iiaeea a i/ao iieiaeiai eicaea, aanaea oni?oea noa?eo eicae?a,
ye? ?c caaeiaieaiiyi ?ici?aaeythoue nai? ?ice?oi? aona, — ana oea
c?iaeaii oaeoiaii, ia aa?iiio aiioe?eiiio ca?yae?, c i?eoaiaiiei
oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeia? aoii?ii. O oaioe? “Ia eoeo?oaecyiiio iie?” oaae
? /oaeiaa ciao?aeea: eoeo?oaeca, yeo iiaaii ia?iaea iaeei c
iaoai?caoi??a, oi i?aeaiaeeoueny, oi ciiao iionea?oueny aei caie?. O?ioe
iii?aoethaaee iaaeiei ia? — ? eoeo?oaeca aanaei i?i?inoa?. Caaeiaieaiee
o?aeoi?eno ue?i, “c aeoeeynieeaie” oe?eo? ?? ? i?iaeiaaeo? ?iaioo.

sse aa/eii, ?iaeea?aeoaeueia caaaeaee iaiaaa?oueny a?aeie?aieoeny a?ae
eieaeoeaiiai, a?ae?eoe a?ae caaaeueiiai eiioaenoo, oiaoi caa?iooe ia
naaa oaaao. Aeinyaa?oueny oea c aeiiiiiaith ? aeoi?nueei? iaenoa?iino?,
? ioceee ? ci?ie eaene/iiai iaoa??aeo.

Ocaaaeueiaiee, eieaeoeaiee ia?ac o oi?aia?ao?? aoaeo?oueny an?ia
o/anieeaie, ye? a?aeae?athoue oa?aeoa?i? aiioe?eii-ooaeiaei? ?ene c
??cieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ia?ac?a i?e aeeaieiio i?iieeiaii? a
na?aaeiaeua, aiioo ae?? oeeo ia?ac?a.Aeey ocaaaeueiaiiy a?aeae?athoueny
iaea?eueo yne?aa? ciai?oi? oa aioo??oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee oeo /e ?ioeo
in?a, yaeu i?e?iaee. Oe? iciaee aaeaoiaenoa? iiaea a?ia?aie?coaaoe,
aeaia?nii?coaaoe. ?.A.Caoa?ia ia eaeoe?yo ii “Ienoaoeoao aaeaoiaenoa?a”
ii??aithaaa oaiaoeue c ethaenueeith iiaith, yea iiaoaeiaaia ca caeiiaie
a?aiaoeee, aea a eiaeiiio ?a/aii? ? ? i?aeiao, ? i?enoaeie, ?
iiynithaaeuei? neiaa, ? niieo/ieee ? aeaoee. Aac ciaiiy oe???
“a?aiaoeee” ia iiaea aooe ni?aaaeiuei? a?aiioii?, c?icoi?ei? iiae.
Iaaooue, caaaeyee oeei eaeoe?yi y ? iinoaaea ia?aae niaith iaoo, —
noai?eoe i?ioan?eio “a?aiaoeeo” oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth, — eiai eaeneeo,
ia ui ? a?aeaeaa iaeaea ni?ie ?ie?a naiai iaoeiai-oai?/iai aeeooy.

I?ioean oi?iiooai?thaaiiy ?ooo, /e ?oo?a (oea aaea
“neioaenen”), ye i?aaeei, i?aeei?y?oueny oai?/iio iai??o aaeaoiaenoa?a,
ci?noia? oaioeth, a i?aai?/i? ? aaaaoia?aii? caycee i?ae ?ooaie,
aeanoaie, iicaie, iieiaeaiiyie ei?iono, i?aeii?yaeeiaoth?oueny ioce/iiio
iaoa??aeia?, yeee a?aeiia?aea? ooaeiaeiueiio caaeoiia? aaeaoiaenoa?a.

A?aecia/eii i?e oeueiio, ui iaaei??ia, ia ca oaiith oaioeth,
oneeaaeiaiiy ?ooo, iaaeaiiy eiai no?oeoo?iei /anoeiai iaoa?aeoa?ieo
noeeueiaeo iciae, caiice/aieo c ?ioeo oi?aia?ao?/ieo oi?i, aeai??a,
iiiiaci?noue o noeai?/i?e ?ioa?i?eoaoe?? oae naii, ye ? ciai?oiy
e?anea?noue, iai?iaeoiaia aoaeoeai?noue ia?ae?aneth? ooaeiaei?noue
eaeneee, ii?ooo? ?? eia?/iee ? ?acii c oei ia?aciee ci?no ?ooo. Acaaae?
aeei?enoaiiy neeaaeieo no?oeoo?ieo niieo/ieeiaeo ?oo?a aeiiiiaaa?
aaeaoiaenoa?o ae??ooaaoe nthaeaoi? ooaeiaei? caaaeaiiy. Aea
ia?aiane/oaaoe ieie aac iio?aae oi?aia?ao?/iee oaeno ia aa?oi, ai a?i
ia?ic?eaii iiaycaiee c i?aeoaenoii, yeee oaeiae iiaeiai aooe
a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ooaeiaeiueiai ia?aco. “Nai? ii nia? a?aaanee,
aoo?othaee, aeaoa, aaeee? e iaeaiuee?, ua i?/iai ia icia/athoue, eiee
aiie ia niiaiai? aeoiee e ii/oooy. O oaeiio ?ac? oea eeoa iaa?? ?oo?a ?
iic, “a?iiaoai?/i?” ai?aae, ye? aeaiiino?othoue aio/e?noue ? ?ooeea?noue
ethaenueeiai o?ea”.

A oe?a?inuee?e, ye ? a oi?aia?ao?? ?ioeo ia?iae?a, ? aaaaoi i?eeeaae?a,
eiee oaeno, ? i?e oeueiio aeineoue ae?aciee , noai?th?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith iaeiiai — aeaio ?oo?a, oae ae iiaeoe ieanoe/ieo iaoaoi?
(“Aieoa — aieoai/ie”, “Cae/ee”, “Ae/ie” ? o.ae.). Oae o e??e/ieo oaioeyo
eaeneea ia aeeai iiaoe/ia, iaooiaiia ? aiaeii/an i?inoa ?, ye i?aaeei,
iaeii??aeia, aeaa?aeueia. (“Ieanea/” I.A??nueeiai, “E?oaeaei”
I.Oaa?iai?, “Aieoaea” ss.*oiai/oea ? o.ae.).

Oiieee ?ioa?i?aoaoi? oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o I.A??nueeee o
oaioe? “Ieanea/” aeei?enoaa nieaneoaaiiy a aeieii?, iaaeaaoe ?i
nai???aeiino?, ui iieyaa? o ci?i? ?eoi?/ii? no?oeoo?e, iaia?e aeeiiaiiy.
Aaeaoiaenoa? caaaaoea oe?a?inueeo oi?aia?ao?/io eoeueoo?o ua iaeiei
i?ae?aniei ae?ii/ei oaioeai.

Iaiaaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiy eaene/iiai iaoa??aeo cian?i ia
icia/a?, ui iinoaiiaiee iiaeiai oieeaoe neeaaeieo ca ii?oieia??th
eiino?oeoe?e ia e ie?aieo eiia?iaoe?e, yeui aiie aeiiiiaaathoue
?ice?eooth iniiaiiai ci?noo oai?o, a ?o aeeiiaiiy aiioeaiaaia, aaaea aei
?ice?eooy iaaieo aeeoo?aeo eie?c?e, neooaoe?e ? o. ae.

A aa?i?/ieo oaioethaaeueieo eiiiiceoe?yo “Caii?iaeoe?”
I.A??nueeiai oa “Ia N?/? Caii??cuee?e” A.Ieoaeeiaa ia?ii eia?/ia
ii?aeiaiiy aeoaea neeaaeieo oe?a?inueeeo /ieia?/eo eaene/ieo
eiino?oeoe?e c aeaiaioaie ae?iaaoeee, oaoooaaiiy. ? ana oea aiioeaiaaii
noeai?/iith ae??th, ci?noii oaioe?a.

Aeoaea aaaeeeaa ?ena eaeneee — ?? i?e?iaei?noue,
aaciina?aaei?noue, oiaoi oa iniiaa, ia ye?e i?inoaaeo?oueny ?aei?noue
ci?noo ? oi?ie oai?o. A i?i?aoth?? “*oiaoeuee? ?aaeiu?” I.A??nueeee ca
aeiiiiiaith ia?acieo, aea i?inoeo ca aeeiiaiiyi ?oo?a iieacaa yne?aa?
ethaenuee? oa?aeoa?e. A?i ciaeoia iaenoa?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neeaaeii?
ineoieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?niiaae?a ia iniia? nai???aeii?
ia?acii-oa?aeoa?ii? ia?iaeii? eaeneee. Aiioe?eiee ?iioeuen, yeee
ia?iaeeany o aeeiiaaoey caaaeyee eiai iaenoa?iino?, ia?aaea?oueny
aeyaea/aa?, aieeaath/e ia eiai ii/oooy.

Aiioe?? — ?oo?eia neea aoaeue-yeiai ienoaoeoaa, aea a oi?aia?ao??
aiie aenooiathoue ia ia?oee ieai, ia?aeiaaoenue c ?ooii, aeoi?nueeith
iaenoa?i?noth. O eiiiiceoe?? “I?i ui aa?aa iea/a”, noai?ai?e I.A??nueeei
ca iioeaaie oai??a O.A.Oaa/aiea, ia?iaeia a?oenoea O?N? A.Eioey?
noai?eea iiaiee ae?aiaoecio ia?ac oe?a?inueei? ae?iee. Aeeaieee
aiioe?eiee aieea ia aeyaea/a ia? ? iioei?noe/ia o?aaaae?y “Ie iaiyoa?ii”
oiai ae aaoi?a — iaeia c iaea?eueo yne?aaeo ea?oei o no/ani?e
ia?iaeii-noeai?/i?e oi?aia?ao??. Oaeei /eiii, a eiie?aoii-ii/ooo?aiio
a?aeoai?aii? ae?eniino? caniaaie oaioeth ia ia?oee ieai aeoiaeyoue
ieanoeea ? ?oo, ye? a i?aai?/i?e ?aeiino? c ioceeith neeaaeathoue iniiao
oi?aia?ao?/iiai oai?o — eiai eaeneeo. Ie aeania ? caii/aoeoaaee iiao
niaoe?aeueio iaoeo — oi?aia?ao?/io eaeneeieia?th, yea iiaeiia caeiaoenue
ieoaiiyie, iiaycaieie c eaeneeith oaioe?a. C ?? aeiiiiiaith iaiao?aeii
ae??oeoe /eiaei i?iaeai, ye: aecia/aiiy ooaeiaei?o iniaeeainoae
ia?oiaeaiaioa oaioeth — eiai eaeneee,aeyaeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae aaiethoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo eaeneee, cynoaaiiy caeaaeiino?
oaioethaaeueiiai ?ooo a?ae ioceee, cynoaaiiy aca?iicayce?a i?ae
eaeneeith oa eiiiiceoe?eiith no?oeoo?ith oaioeth, aea/aiiy i?eioeei?a
a?aeai?o cania?a ae?aciino? a ??ciiiai?oieo aeaeao, aeai?ao, oi?iao
oi?aia?ao?/iiai oai?o oiui.

C ii?oieia??th ?ooo iiaycai? iniiai? iiceoe?? oa iieiaeaiiy ?oe,
i?a ? aieiae a ia?ao, o??eeao, ianiaeo oaioeyo. Iiiaae 60 iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue iiaeaii a ?iaio?. C oeei ieoaiiyi iiaycaii noi??iee
iiiia?ao??, aea ?icaeyaea?oueny ii?oieia?/ia iiaoaeiaa i?inoeo ?oo?a, a
oaeiae ?icaeyaeathoueny oa?aeoa?i? iciaee aeaio a?oi ?oo?a — /ieia?/eo
oa ae?ii/eo. Oaeee ?iciiae?e coiiaeth?oueny ia o?eueee niaoeeo?eith
aiaoii?/ii? iiaoaeiae ethaeae, aea e ?ioeie oaeoi?aie aeiiii?/iiai,
iie?oe/iiai aeeooy, ui aieeioee ia eoeueoo?o, iiaoo, cae/a?, oa?aeoa?.
Aa?oi iaaaaeaoe i?i oae? /ieia?/? ?i?oaoe?ei? ?ooe, ye: yno?oa, uoiae,
e?eueoea, ?ooe c oaaeyie, nienaie, oii??oeyie, a oaeiae ?ooe eiaae?a,
oaaoe?a, eina??a, e?ni?oa?a oiui. Nooi ae?ii/eie oaioethaaeueieie ?ooaie
? ?ooe c? no??/eaie, c a?ieii, ?aoaoii, a oaeiae ?ooe aeoeaaeueieoeue,
oeaeue, eueiia?ie oiui.

Iieiaeaiiy ?oe — iaeei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo eiiiiiaio?a ieanoe/ii?
ae?aciino? ethaenueeiai o?ea. Iieiaeaiiy ?oe a oe?a?inuee?e oi?aia?ao??
a?eueo-iaio noaea, ca aeiyoeii niaoeeo?/ieo oa ?ii?ia?caoe?eieo
aeaiaio?a. A yeiio a iieiaeaii? ia aoee ?oee, aiie — iaiao?aeia
neeaaeiaa /anoeia oaioethaaeueiiai ?ooo. ?oee — iii?/ieee o aaaee?e
oaoiieia?? oaioeth, ?oee ?iaeyoue a?aaionueeo o?ce/io ?iaioo, ? a oie
aea /an, ?oee — e?eea, ?oee — a?aeoai?thaa/? iaeoiioeo ethaenueeeo
aiioe?e.

Aaeeeo ?ieue o noai?aii? aiioe?eii-ci?noiaiiai,
?eoiiieanoe/iiai iaethiea, a yeiio caeeaaeaii iaaio ae?th, a?ae?a?a?
e?noue ?oee. Aiia cai?ioo?, aea?, ?iciia?aea?, a?aeooiaoo?.

I?aaeeueia, aaeaea iinoaaa ?oe — aaeeea oai?/a ciao?aeea
iinoaiiaieea. I?ea?iaeuei? ii?aeiaiiy ?oe ia?ii a aooeoeuenueeeo,
eaie?anueeeo, aiee?anueeeo oa aoeiaeinueeeo oaioeyo: ?oee thiaea
eaaeaoue ia oae?? ae?a/eie, a ?? — ia eiai iea/ao; noaaoe a?caa?,
ia?oia?e eeaaeooue ?oee ia oae?th iaeia iaeiiio.

Aeaye? iieiaeaiiy ?oe coiiaeai? niaoeeo?eith oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeiiai aa?aiiy. Oae, a?aeaaaeaiiy ?oee ca iioeeeoeth i?aeeacaia
caaaeaiiyi i?eo?eiaoe oaieo, a ?iceeioo? o noi?iie ?oee a iaa?oao oa
e?ooeao o ae?a/ao aeeeeeai? iio?aaith o?eiaoe no??/ee, uia aiie ia
caaaaeaee oaioethaaoe.

Iea/? ae caeaa?eueoiai niie?ei? (ia a?aei?io, neaae?ii, a?ae
oaaeaeeoeueeeo, ocaaoeueeeo, oaoa?nueeeo, oeeaainuee?a oaioe?a, aea
iea/iaa oaoi?ea ? iaeiei c i?ia?aeieo cania?a ae?aciino?). Oi/ ? o ian o
ae?ai/eo ?ooao cono??/a?ii eaaeue iii?oiee ?oo oi iaeiei, oi ?ioei
iea/ai (eaaeooue, “iiaiaeeoue iea/eia”). A a aeayeeo caea?iaonueeeo
oaioeyo (“O?iiioyiea”, “?ao?a/aiea”, “Aeoaa-oaiaoeue”) aa/eii ??ce? ?ooe
iea/ae oai?o — aiec ?c oaeaeeith ?o a?a?aoe??th. O aooeoeuenueeeo
oaioeyo i?e ia?ieo iiai?ioao iaeii/anii c ei?ionii ??cei ci?iththoueny e
?aeo?ne iea/ae.

Iinoaaa aieiae a oe?a?inuee?e oieueeei?i?e ?
ia?iaeii-noeai?/i?e oi?aia?ao?? ia?o ca ana aecia/a?oueny ci?noii oa
oa?aeoa?ii oaioeth, eiai aiioe?eiith ni?yiiaai?noth. O thiaea a oaioe?
aieiaa ai?aeiaeoi i?aeianaia aai?o, i?aee?aneth?oueny ioaei?noue, neea,
ue?a aanae?noue, o i?aeaeaeao, eaa??ieyo, i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy i?eooi?a,
aeoeeynieeao ? o. ?i. ?ooe aieiae coiiaeththoueny e ocaiaeaeothoueny c
?ooaie ei?iona.

A a?naiae? a??ooiciiai oaioeth oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ?
aaeeea e?euee?noue ??ciiiai?oieo iaa?o?a. Aac ??ceiai iiai?ioo aieiae,
ei?iona oa i?eaaaeaiiy ?o o aeo?aeia iieiaeaiiy aeeiiaiiy oe??? a?oie
?oo?a iaiiaeeeaa.

Aeey noai?aiiy eaene/ii? iiae oaioeth, aeey ?ice?eooy eiai
?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiueiai ni?yioaaiiy iaaaeyea cia/aiiy iathoue
ocaiaeaeai?noue ?oo?a i?a, ?oe, ei?iona.

AEano — ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeoaaeueiee can?a o ae?aiaoe/iiio
ienoaoeoa?, iaioii?i?, oi?aia?ao??, ui coiiaeth?oueny iniaeeainoyie
ooaeiaeiueiai ia?niiaaea (eia?eith eiai iiaaae?iee, ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie
?enaie oa?aeoa?o oiui).

O ia?iaeii-noeai?/i?e oi?aia?ao?? aeano ?nio? naiino?eii: ye
iaaiee ?oo-aeano ? ye aeaiaio — o neeaaeieo ca no?oeoo?iith aoaeiaith
ia. Aeeiiaiiy oaeiai aeanoo iio?aao? a?ae oaioeth?enoa ieeueii? oaaae ?
ieanoe/ii? ae?aciino?.

Iaioii?ia — iaeei ?c cania?a oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa, a
yeiio ooaeiaei?e ia?ac noai?th?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith i?i?ee, ae?acieo
?oo?a, aeanoo.

Ia?ao?ae a?ae oaioeth aei iaioii?ie ? iaaiaee coiiaeth?oueny
oaioethaaeueiith iaioii?iith oa ia?aciei oaioeai. Oea iaeaecia/i?oee
caeiaooie no/anii? oi?aia?ao??. Iaioii?ia ia?aoiaeeoue o oaiaoeue, ye
oaiaoeue o iaioii?io, iaiii?oii; naia oea iaaea? ? iaioii?i? e oaioeth
aaeeei? ioce/ii-ae?aiaoe/ii? ae?aciino? oa inieneaiiy ae??aino?.

AEano ye o iaioii?i?, oae ? a oaioe?, iaaoaa? cia/aiiy
iaeiiai c ae??oaeueieo ia?acii-ae?eiaeo cania?a. I?ioa o oaioethaaeuei?e
iaioii?i? aeano aeaui aeii?io? iaae ?ooii, oiae? ye o ae?eiaiio oaioe?
a?i i?aai?/ii ii?aeio?oueny, ocaiaeaeo?oueny, i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny
iniiaiiio ia. Oey aca?iiia?aoai?ai?noue caaaa/o? ? iaioii?io, eio??e
iaaea?oueny oi/ia caaa?oai?noue ? /?oe?noue oi?i oaioeth, ? oaiaoeue
iaaoaa? ae?aiaoe/ii? ae?aciino? iaioii?ie. Oaioethaaeuei? aeanoe
i?aai?/ii aie?oathoueny a ?eoiiieanoe/io oeaieio oaioeth, ? aeyaea/ ia
aeae?ey? ?o ie?aii, a ni?eeia? a aa?iii?? c oei /e ?ioei ?ooii.

AEanoe o oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? oeueiai neiaa — ia o?eueee ?ooe
?oeaie, aea e ei?ionii, aieiaith, /anoeiaie iaee//y (i?i?ea).
Inieneai?noue, ia?acia oe?eani?yiiaaii?noue, ae??a?noue ? ?acii c oei
i?e?iaei?noue — iniiai? ?ene oi?aia?ao?/iiai aeanoo. AEano iiaeiai aooe
aeeiiaiei oi/ii ? a/anii, a?i ia? aooe neoiei, aea niiaiaiei
ae?aiaoe/ii? neee. Neiaa aaeeeiai O.Oaeyi?ia, ui “aeano ? ia ?oo o?ea, a
?oo aeoo?”, noino?oueny ? aaoi??a-oaioeth?eno?a.

Iica a oaioe? — o?enaoe?y iaaii? ae?? ?ooo. ?nio? ye
preparation ? ye o?iae oaioeth /e e?iaoeue ie?aiiai ?ooo aplomb, a
oaeiae ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia ie?aieo oi?aia?ao?/ieo ia. Ia??aeei
ii?aeio?oueny c aeanoii, noai?thth/e oei naiei neeaaei? ieanoe/i?
iaethiee iieiaeaiiy ethaenueeiai o?ea. Iica noiaea c? neoeueioo?ith, ui
ia? na?e ia?aciee iaoa??ae — canoeaeo ieoue ?ooo. Aiia eii?aeeio? ?ooe
aieiae, ei?iona, iea/ae, i?a.

Aaaaoi ithain?a iaaeathoue iic? iea/?. Caaaeaiiy iaeiiai
iea/a — ciaaaaa; ?ici?aaeaiiy — neea oiui.

Iica, ye ? ?oo, ia? nai? iaoe?iiaeuei? a?aei?iiino?,
coiiaeai? caeiiii??iinoyie ?icaeoeo oiai /e ?ioiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa. O eiaeiiio aeai??, noeeueiaiio iai?yieo
noai?aiiy oa aeeiiaiiy iic coiiaeth?oueny ae??th. Iice ao?oeeaiai aiiaea
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae cai??yii-o?e?a?aiiiai eica/ea, aanaei? aeaaai?
iieueee — a?ae e??e/iiai oi?iaiaeo ? o.ae.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Eaeneea oaioeth oa oeyoe ?? caaaa/aiiy”
i?enay/aii caaaa/aiith eaeneee oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai
oaioeth.

?icoe?aiiy oaiaoeee ia?iaeii? oi?aia?ao?? coiiaeei ?icoe?aiiy
aeai?iaeo ei?aeii?a, a caa?iaiiy aei aaaeeeaeo nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeeo
i?iaeai iinoaaeei ia?aae oai?oeyie oaioeth aeiiao ia o?eueee
aaeineiiaethaaoe iayai? caniae ae?aciino?, a e ciaoiaeeoe iia?. Oaiaoeue
ii/eia?oueny c ?oo?a, ye?, i?aai?/ii ii?aeioth/enue, aaaeooue aei
ca?iaeaeaiiy ia?aco c iaaiei ?aeaeii-aiioe?eiei ca?yaeii. Iniiaiei
caniaii ae?aciino? a ia?iaeiiio oaioe? ? eaeneea, ? caeiiii??ii, ui ??
?icaeoie coiiaeth? caaaa/aiiy ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeoaaeueiiai
oi?aia?ao?/iiai eiiieaeno.

?oo?eiith neeith ?icaeoeo no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa ? caeeaeaiiy,
aca?iiaieea oa aca?iicaaaa/aiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?. Oai?/?
aca?iiaieeae iane/othoue ienoaoeoai oi?aia?ao?? iiaeie ae?aaeaeueieie
caniaaie, ye? iaaiei /eiii o?ainoi?ioth/enue, noathoue iaaeaaiiyi
oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa oiai /e ?ioiai ia?iaeo. A iiioey?ecaoe?y
caniaaie e?ii, ?aae?i, oaeaaa/aiiy, i?ane aeinyaiaiue o aaeoc?
e?oa?aoo?e oa ienoaoeoaa a?aee?eaa? iaaa/ai? iiaeeeaino? aeey caaaa/aiiy
on?o aeae?a ienoaoeueei? oai?/ino?, e cie?aia, oi?aia?ao??. Oi/, ia
aeaeue, ?ieiee o?aieythoueny i?ee?? aeiaaeee, ye? iae/ano?oa ? aeyaii
iaoai?/iiai ia?aianaiiy ?oo?a, aeano?a, iic ?c iaei??? iaoe?iiaeueii?
oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e aei ?ioi?. Aei aeayei? i??e oea noino?oueny
iinoaiiaie ciaiaieoiai aiiaea ie?aieie eieaeoeaaie. Noaiaea?oeciaaia
eaeneei-eiiiiceoe?eia noaia, ioce/iee no?iaao c iaeiae?e aiiae?a,
eica/e?a, ai?eeoeue, iaoaeeoeue aeii?iothoue o oaeeo iinoaiiaeao.
Oaioeth?enoe iaeei ca iaeiei aeeiiothoue ea?eieiii? ?ooe oa aeoeeyne,
caiice/ai? c oaioe?a on?o /an?a ? ia?iae?a, c on?o aeae?a, aeai??a oa
oi?i oi?aia?ao??.

I?aenoiiaoth/e, a?aecia/eii, ui ?icaeoie eaeneee caeaaeeoue
a?ae:

a) eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia aeeooy
ia?iaeo;

a) a?ae cayceo eaeneee c a?aeoai?aiiyi ae??, oiaoi nthaeaoo
oaioeth;

a) a?ae ii?aeiaiiy eaene/iiai iaoa??aeo c ?ioeie oi?iioai?/eie
eiiiiiaioaie.

?icaeyiaii oeyoe caaaa/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai oaioethaaeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa.

O?aaeeoe?eia oe?a?inueea ia?iaeia oi?aia?ao?y ia? cieioee oiiae —
iaaio e?euee?noue iino?eieo ?oo?a. Aaaeaiiy ae caniaaie oaioethaaeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa a?aeoai?eoe iia? yaeua iaooiaoo? aaeaoiaenoa?a ia iiooee
iiaeo a?aeiia?aeieo cania?a ae?aciino? , aaaaeaiiy ?o o oi?aia?ao?/iee
oaeno. Oae, ?acii c aeeooyi ?icaeaa?oueny ? ia?iaeiee oaiaoeue,
iiiaeth?oueny, caaaa/o?oueny, iiaeeo?eo?oueny, o?ainoi?io?oueny ?nioth/a
eaeneea, ci?ith?oueny ?ieiee e no?oeoo?a ?ooo.

Aei eaene/ieo iiaioai?aiue iaeaaeaoue ?ooe, yeeo ia aoei a
o?aaeeoe?ei?e oi?aia?ao??, a aeieeee aiie aiane?aeie c?aeiaiiy,
oneeaaeiaiiy ?nioth/eo oi?i ?ooo aai eiino?oeoe?? ie?aieo eiai /anoie, a
oaeiae ia, noai?ai? aaeaoiaenoa?aie caiiai c ?ano?n?a
ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth. C iiyaith iiaeo ?oo?a aeieea? oe?ea iecea
ieoaiue: /iio aeaye? c ieo i?oeii aoiaeyoue o eaene/iee a?naiae, a ?io?
aeei?enoiaothoueny o?eueee a ie?aieo iinoaiiaeao; ye eeaneo?eothoueny
eaene/i? iiaioai?aiiy ? o.?i.

Oae, i?inoee oaioethaaeueiee o?ae, yeee A.Aa?oiaeiaoeue iacaaa
“caeueioiei”, caaaaoeany oe?eei ?yaeii aa??aio?a; o?ainoi?ioaaany ?
oaioethaaeueiee a?a, yeee iaaoa iiaiai caaa?aeaiiy , noaa aeeiioaaoeny
ia aenieeo i?aiaeueoeyo, c i?aei?iaiiyi aeniei ?iai/i? iiae, c?aiooi? a
eie?i? e a?aeaaaeaii? iacaae. Iei? a oi?aia?ao?/i?e i?aeoeoe?
canoiniao?oueny aeecueei i?anioi? oiae?a, a?a?a c iinea, a oaeiae
aeanyoee — c eaaeoea.

Oeiie, yeee ?nioaaa a iaeiiio aa??aio? (ia?oueny ia oaac?
iecueeee), ca?ac aeeiio?oueny ? a iiai?io?, ? ia aaeeeiio i?en?aeaii?.
O?ainoi?iaoe?y eeane/iiai pas de basque (ia?oa?iiai) oa oe?a?inueeiai
o?aaeeoe?eiiai oeiea aeaea iiaee, ye?nii a?aei?iiee ca iaia?ith
aeeiiaiiy oa noeeai ?ooo, ui aeeiio?oueny a oe?a?inueeeo
ia?iaeii-noeai?/ieo oi?iaiaeao caeaa?eueoiai ae?a/aoaie. Ci?ia plie
iaiiaia aeai?ioi?noue ? ii?aeiaiiy c ?ao/eith aeeiai?eith ia?iaeiiai
oeiea caaaaoeea no/aniee ia?iaeiee oaiaoeue.

?icoe?eany ae?aiacii o na?aaei?o oa aenieeo oeieao, ye? a ii?aeiaii? c
?ioeie ?ooaie /e ie?aieie ?o aeaoaeyie i?ee?aoathoue oe?a?inueeee
oaiaoeue.

*?eueia i?noea a oe?a?inuee?e oi?aa?ao??, iniaeeai ca inoaii?o
aeaaaeoeyoue ?ie?a, caeiyee ae??aooa/ee, cia/ii ?icoe?eeeny iaae?
aeei?enoaiiy ieanea/ee?a, ui aeeiiothoueny ca?ac ye ie?aii, oae ? a
eiia?iaoe?? c ?ioeie ?ooaie.

sseui o A.Aa?oiaeioey aoei cao?eniaaii aeecueei oanoe
aa??aio?a i?enyaeie, oi a iao?e ?iaio? oaea cao?eniaaii aeecueei
o?noaeanyoe i?enyaeie ? i?enyaeie o eiia?iaoe?? c ?ioeie ia
(i?enyaeea-e?ioe?aea, aieiaa i?enyaeea, i?enyaeea c iii?ith ia eaaeoe, c
aeeeaeaiiyi iiae oa aeoeeynii, c ieanea/ai ii oaeyaao, c iiai?ioii
ei?iona, c i?ioiaeeith, i?enyaeea-cai?ioaiiy oiui), a ?nio? ?o,
aacia?a/ii, ua a?eueoa.

E??i iniiaieo i?enyaeie, ia?ii ua e a??ooici? ?icoyaeee,
i?enyaeee-?ici?aeee, yeeo caaaeii aeecueei o?eaeoeyoe.

Oa /e ia iaea?eueoa ?icoe?aiiy no?oeoo?ii? aoaeiae ?ooo ia?ii o
iiacoioeyo. Caaaeyee A.Aa?oiaeioeth iiacoiaoeue, yeee a?i aia?oa iienaa,
noaa nai???aeiith “a?ceoiith ea?oeith” oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth. A
oe?a?inuee?e oi?aia?ao?? ia?aoiao?oueny iiiaae iyoaeanyo aeae?a oa
aa??aio?a.

Ca?eueoeeany e?euee?noue ?aaieueoao?a, ieeie?a, i?aen?/ie,
?icoe?eany ? ae?aiacii aieoaoe?a, i?aeaeaie, eaa??ieae.

Eaene/ia aaaaonoai oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth aea? aaeaoiaenoa?ai
iiaeeea?noue iaa?oue c iaei??? a?oie ?oo?a noai?thaaoe ni?aaaei?
oi?aia?ao?/i? oaaeaa?e (“Ieanea/”, “Ia eoeo?oaecyiiio iie?”
I.A??nueeiai). O no/aniiio ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiio oaioe? oi?aia?ao?/i?
eaene/i? iiaiooai?aiiy a?ae?a?athoue cia/io ?ieue. ?icaeyiaii ae??oaiiy
iaeaeaai?oi? oaie a oi?aia?ao?? — oaie i?aoe?. Oe?a?inuee? aaeaoiaenoa?e
o nai?o iinoaiiaeao a?aeoai?ththoue o?oaeiaee i?ioean, ie?ai? eiai
aeaoae?, oo?eoe: «Ia eoeo?oaecyiiio iie?”, «Oaa/eee”, “Aeoeaaeueieoe?”
I.A??nueeiai, “Eueiiie” I.A?eainueeiai, “Oaooa?nueeee oaiaoeue”
I.?o?aiiaa, “A?ey eoci?” I.Eocueiaiea oa ?i. O oeeo ? iiae?aieo oaioeyo
iia? ?ooe iaaoaathoue niaoeeo?/iiai ooaeiaeiuei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
cia/aiiy.

Aei?a/ii iacaaoe oe?eaa? oi?aia?ao?/i? oai?e “Eueiiie” A.Ii/eiea,
“E?ni?oae” A.Iao?eea, “Ea?iaonueea nia?a/eia” A.Eaa?ii?. A ieo
aaeaoiaenoa?e noai?eee ia?acii-ae?eia? eaene/i? iiaioai?aiiy, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeeo coi?ee ?ice?eoe, iiiaoecoaaoe i?aoeth oaooa?y,
iaoaeo?aa, oe?ai?iaa, e?ni?oaa.

Iia? ?ooe noai?ththoueny ia?aaaaeii oeie aaeaoiaenoa?aie, ye?
aeineiiaei ciathoue iaoe?iiaeueio oaioethaaeueio eaeneeo ? ai?thoue
nai?/anii ? c aaeeeei ooaeiaei?i niaeii nei?enoaoeny oeie /e ?ioeie
no?oeoo?ieie /anoeaie ?ooo aeey a?aeoai?aiiy iio??aiiai noeeth, aeai?o.
Eeii?oea ?iaioa aea? iiceoeai? iane?aeee — ?oo i?oeii aoiaeeoue aei
nea?aieoe? oi?aia?ao?/iiai eaene/iiai oiiaeo.

O?aiey?oueny, ui iacia/ia aeaoaeue, yeeenue oo?eo aaaaeaii a oie
/e ?ioee ?oo, ? oea ni?ey? noai?aiith ?aae?noe/iiai ooaeiaeiueiai
ia?aco. Iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui oi?aia?ao, aeia?a ia?ciaiee c
“a?aiaoeeith” oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa, a?ae yei? caeaaeeoue
eiiiiceoe?eii-a?o?oaeoii?/ia no?oeoo?a oai?o, a nai?e oai?/?e i?aoe?
ni?iiiaeiee aooe oai?oeai eaene/ieo iiaioai?aiue. A?cueiaii
“Iiacoiaoeue” I.A??nueeiai, yeee noaa ni?aaae? ia?iaeiei, eeane/iei
oai?ii. O oeueiio oaioe? aaeaoiaenoa? aeei?enoaa iniiaiee i?eioeei
aeeiiaiiy eeoa iaeiiai ?ooo — iiacoioey, ?icoe?ea aiie?ooaeo eiai ae??,
caaaaoea ie?ai? no?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe, iiaoaeoaaa ia ?o iniia? oe?eo ieceo
ooaeiaei?o ?oo?a o oae caaio “a?eueio ieanoeeo”, yea iicia/aia yne?aaei
iaoe?iiaeueiei eiei?eoii.

Oi?aia?ao?/ia i?aeoeea noaa?aeaeo?, ui ?ooe, ia?iaeaeai? a iao /an, ?
o?aaeeoe?ei? aeiiiaiththoue iaeia iaeiiai. A?eueoa oiai, aac i?oeiiai
ooiaeaiaioo, caeeoaiiai iai o niaaeueio, ia iiaei a aooe oaeiai
ao?oeeaiai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth. Ia
iniia? o?aaeeoe?eieo ?oo?a noai?ththoueny iia? ia ye a ia?iaeiiio, oae ?
a eeane/iiio oaioe?. Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui, iacaaaeath/e ia oneeaaeiaio
o?ainoi?iaoe?th aeaiaio?a ?oo?a, ?o aeaeici?io, ana ae no?oeoo?ia yae?i
?ooo-i?a?iaee/a a iiaiio eaeneeiooai?aii? caeeoa?oueny iaci?iiei.

Cia/ia /anoeia iiaeo ?oo?a aeo?eio? ?nieo /anii. Aiie noathoue
caaaeueiiaaeeaaieie e i?oeii aoiaeyoue o neiaiee oi?aia?ao?/ii? iiae
(neaae?ii, o? ae ?ooe-neiaiee, i?i ye? eoeiny ?ai?oa, noai?ai?
I.A??nueeei).

Oeyoe aeieeiaiiy iiaioai?aiue ??ci?: aeiiiaiaiiy aei iniiaiiai
aeaiaioa iaeiiai ?ooo no?oeoo?ieo /anoie ?ioiai, ca aeiiiiiaith
ii?aeiaiiy aeaiaio?a aeaio ?oo?a oiui.

Aaeaoiaenoa?, a?aeoai?thth/e ea?oeio c aeeooy o aeaeaeiio
ieioeiio, iaiayceiai caa?oa?oueny aei ?noi?e/ieo aeaea?ae (e?oiien?a,
caien?a iaiae??aiee?a, oieueeei?o iiaoe/iiai, i?naiiiai,
oaioethaaeueiiai oiui). ?o aiae?c aea? ciiao a?ae/ooe oa?aeoa?, iaia?o
aeaai?o oaioe?a. Oae, iai?eeeaae, A.Ia?iaeaiei a?ae?iaeea oi?iaiae aiioe
Ee?anueei? ?on? c i?eoaiaiieie eiio ?ooaie. A ai?/iiio ia?iaeiiio aaeao?
“Eaaaiaea i?i Ee?a”, yeee aoei iieacaii ia Oeaio?aeueiiio noaae?ii? a
aei? nayoeoaaiiy 1500-??//y a?ae aeiy canioaaiiy i?noa (o o?aai? 1982
?ieo), oai?/a a?oia i?ae ea??aieoeoaii aaoi?a ?anoaa?oaaea, a iiaeaeoaee
e noai?eea, ia iniia? ?eiiia?ao?/ieo aeaieo, oa?aeoa?o ioceee iia?,
a?aeiia?aei? aiino ?ooe.

*eiaei iaoa??aeo aeey oi?aia?aoa aeathoue ?eiiia?ao?/i? aeaea?aea:
a?ao?ea, neoeueioo?a, aeeaiien, i?eeeaaeia ienoaoeoai. Caaaea?ii oi/a a
“Aa/i?ieoe?” oa “Aiiae” ?.??i?ia. A iiaeyioaoe ia ea?oeio E.Aieoay
“Aiei?ao?”, iae?aco ae ?icoi??o oa?aeoa? ?oo?a nieaauee?a e?no. Oeae
oa?? iaaeeoioa I.Noneeeiaa ia noai?aiiy iaeiieiaiiiai oaioeth, a yeiio
a?i a?aeoai?ea i?aoeth caea?iaonueeeo ieioa??a. Ea?oeie E.O?ooianueeiai
“Aan?eueiee aeeoi”, I.Ieiiiaiea “Aan?eey a Ee?anuee?e aoaa?i??”,
A.O?ii?i?ia “Eoeaanueea aan?eey” aaaaoi a /iio aeiiiiiaee aaoi?ia? oe???
?iaioe i?e noai?aii? “Oe?a?inueeiai aan?eueiiai oaioeth”.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e ?eiiia?ao?/iee iaoa??ae, iiaeia, iai?eeeaae, aecia/eoe
oa?aeoa?, ciai?oi?e aeaeyae, einothi aeeiiaaoey, i?aaeiao, c yeei a?i
aeeiio? oaiaoeue. Ona oea aea? iiooiao aeey noai?aiiy iiaeo ?oo?a.

O oi?aia?ao?/i? ia iiaeooue aooe o?ainoi?iiaai? aeaiaioe
o?oaeiaeo i?ioean?a , yeui noaia ?o aoaea i?aeii?yaeeiaaia ia?aci?e
ae??.

Oe?a?inueeee oieueeei? aaaaoee ? ia ?a?ia? oi?iaiaee
(“Ia?ai?ei/ea”, “Ca?iueei”, “Eiceeeo”, “A?ii/ie”, “Iiaeooa/ea”), aea
aaeaoiaenoa?e ia?aeeaaeathoue ?a?ia? aeaiaioe ia oi?aia?ao?/io eaeneeo
(aeiaaa eica, aeeea, aeoee).

Cae/aeii, caneoaa aaeaoiaenoa?a ia o iiaooiai-iaoo?ae?noe/iiio
eii?thaaii? o??? /e ?ioi? a?e, a o noai?aii? ?? ocaaaeueiaii-ia?aciiai
aea?aaeaioa. ?a?e aeiiiiaaathoue a?aeia?aceoe iaai? nthaeaoi? ianoaaeie,
?ice?eoe oaio oai?o.

*?eueia i?noea a ia?iaeieo ?a?ao caeia? ?yaeaeaiiy. Oeae i?eeii
oaeiae aeiiiiaaa? o oai?/?e ?ic?iaoe? iaaiiai ia?aco, a noai?aii? iiai?
oaioethaaeueii? eaeneee(“Iiai??/ia iaoaeeoey” I.A??nueeiai, “sso?ainuee?
?a?e” A.E?eaioeae?, “*a??aia nii?eea” A.Ieoaeeiaa, “A?a/a?? ia iieiiei?”
E.Aaeia, “Uaae?ee” E.Aaneeaiea.)

sse i?aaeei, oie /e ?ioee ?oo ia caiice/o?oueny oe?eeii.
Iae/ano?oa ie?ai? eiai aeaiaioe, ii?aeioth/enue ?c nooi oe?a?inueeeie
?ooaie, aeathoue iia? ia. Iaaecae/aeii caaaa/othoue ia?iaeio eaeneeo
eieaeuei? oaioethaaeuei? ia. Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue aooeoeuenuee?,
eaie?anuee?, aiee?anuee?, aieeinuee?, iiae?euenuee?, aeaye? niaoeeo?/i?
aoeiaeinuee? ?ooe oa oiaee. Aieea oai?nueeiai, ?oioinueeiai,
iieaeaanueeiai, neiaaoeueeiai oieueeei?o a?ae/oaa?oueny ia ?ooao
caea?iaonueeeo oaioe?a, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae eaeneee oaioe?a Aieei?
oa Euea?auei?, aea a ?? no?oeoo?? aa/eii aeaiaioe iieuenueeiai oaioeth;
o oaioeyo i?ai?/ii-no?aeieo ?aeiiao Noiueie a?ae/oaa?oueny aieea
?in?enueei? ia?iaeii? oi?aia?ao??, a a i?aaeaiii-cao?aei?e — ia Iaeauei?
— iieaeaanueeeo oaioe?a. Aei ?a/?, aeeiiaiiy oeeo ?oo?a iio?aao? ?
nai???aeieo iieiaeaiue ?oe, ei?iona, aieiae.

?nio? oe?ea iecea ?oo?a, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey iaaiiai oaioeth /e yei?nue
i?noeaaino?. Iai?eeeaae, aeoaiaee eeno (“A?eai”), ?ooe c oii??oeyie
(“E?ni?oae”), nai???aei? ?ooe oaioe?a “O?iiioyiea” (I.?iiaaeiaa),
“Nieaeuenueeee eica/ie” (ss.Naoa), “?aoaoi”, “Aooeoeea” (ss.*oia?/oea),
“Ia aaeyaei?” (A.Iao?eea).

“Nieaeuenueeee eica/ie” (Euea?aueia) ia? na?e i?eoaiaiiee o?eueee eiio
iniiaiee o?ae; iie?nueea iieueea-o?ynooa, iie?nueeee eeth/ aeeiiothoueny
o?eueee ia Iie?nn?; aeaeaaioe? ia eaaeoeao, eeth/ c ia?aneieii,
ae??aooa/ea ia i?aeneieao iae/ano?oa cono??/athoueny a oaioeyo
Aeiia//eie.

Caaaaoeoe noeeue oaioeth iiaeia eeoa a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee
aeei?enoaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai ?ooo a?aeiia?aeaoeia ia?acii-oaiaoe/iiio
?icaeoeia? oaioeth ? iinoaiiaiee ciaeaea i?aaeeueiee oeyo aei
o?ainoi?iaoe?? eiai no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a oa i?aeii?yaeeiao?
aeeiiaanueeo iaia?o aeai?ia? /e noeeaa? oaioeth.

I?ioan?iiae?cie — a?aeia?aaeaiiy iniaeeainoae o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie, /e ia iaeaeaai?o? ?ethno?aoeai? ?ooe a
oi?aia?ao?/iiio ienoaoeoa?. Aiie cyaeeeny ua a ia?a?nieo i?ei?oeaieo
?i?oaoe?yo o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano, a o iiaeaeueoiio iin?ee /?eueia i?noea a
caaaeueiia?aeiieo oi?iaiaeieo ?a?ao “A ie i?ini n?yee”, “Eueii”, “Iae”.
Aiie — aaaeeeaee eiiiiiaio ? a iiaooiaeo oaioeyo, iaa?oue i?e nthaeaoi?e
iniia?: “Aiiaea??”, “Eiaae?”, “Eina??”, “E?ni?oae”, “Eueii”, “Oaa/eee”.

Iiooee iiaiai — iaaecae/aeii neeaaeia ??/. Ooo iaaaaeei cai/eoe ? ia
iaoo?ae?noe/iee iieac o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano, a oea icia/a? ao?aoo
niaoeeo?ee oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa. Aaaaeaiiy iiaiai i?ioan?iiae?cio
a oaiaoeue ia? iaiayceiai ni?eyoe ae??oaiith iinoaaeaiiai aaeaoiaenoa?ii
ooaeiaeiueiai caaaeaiiy, iiaycoaaoenue ?c ia?acii-oaiaoe/iei ?icaeoeii
oi?aia?ao?/iiai oai?o.

Eiaeia i?ioan?y iaeeaaea? na?e a?aeaeoie ia oa?aeoa? ethaeeie. O
“Oaa/eeao” — oea cae??aeai? aeaaa? ?ooe; a “Eina?yo” — oe?ie?, ?iceia?
(ia?oueny ia oaac? ia?oa /anoeia oaioeth, aea a?aeoai?th?oueny naia
?iai/ee i?ioean; iaa?oue caoi/oth/e ie?nny iaioa/eith, eina? ia
iini?oa?).

AEa?aii — nai???aei? ?ooe, ye? aeei?enoiao? iinoaiiaiee aeey
eiie?aoecaoe?? iaaii? nioe?aeueii? a?oie, eiea in?a. Oe? ia iaaeanoea?
ia?iaei?e eaeneoe? e ni?eeiathoueny o?eueee a eiie?aoiiio eiioaeno?.

O no/aniiio oi?aia?ao?/iiio eaene/iiio oiiae? cono??/athoueny
e ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?cie — ?ooe, ye? o aaaaoueio ia?iae?a aeeiiothoueny aac
iniaeeaeo ci?i. Oea caeaa?eueoiai ia ianiaiai oa aaeueiiai oaioe?a:
aaeueno, iieueee, e?aeiayeo.

A?oa?cie a oi?aia?ao?/i?e eaeneoe? — oea a?ae?iaeaeai? c
ieioeiai eiino?oeoe?? ?oo?a oa ?o iaia?a aeeiiaiiy. O oai?ao ia
?noi?e/io oaiaoeeo aiie aeiiiiaaathoue a?ae/ooe eiei?eo oiai/anii?
aiioe. A oaeiio ieai? noai?aii ia?o?? noa?eo inaaoe?a o “Caii?iaeoeyo”
I.A??nueeiai, ia?ace eicae?a o iinoaiiaoe? “Ia N?/? Caii??cuee?e”
A.Ieoaeeiaa.

Iaei??th c oa?aeoa?ieo a?aei?iiinoae oe?a?inueei? oi?aia?ao??,
iaeaeuei oaoi?/iei aeinyaiaiiyi oaioeth?enoa ? elevation -oi?iiy yeiiiaa
aeiaoa i?io?eiaoeny o iia?o?? a o?e /e ?io?e cao?eniaai?e iic? — ballon.
Iaiaaii, aeiaeai oaiaoeue o na?o? ia ia? oaei? ??cei i?aee?aneaii?
aeaaaoe??, ye oe?a?inueeee. Aiae?coth/e ?ooe, iiaoaeiaai? ia aeaaaoe??,
e iniaeeai o?, a yeeo iane?aeothoueny iiaaaeee ca???a, ioao?a (yno?oa,
uoiae oiui), ie ia?aeiio?iiny, ui oaioeth?eno ce?oa? a iia?o?y c
iaeiiai oaiio, yeui aeeiiaiith ia ia?aaeo? preparation11 Preparation —
i?aeaioiaea (o?.) — i?aeaioiaea aei aeeiiaiiy ?ooo /e o?enaoe?y o??? /e
?ioi? iice oaioeth?enoii aai oaioeth?enoeith ia?aae eiai aeeiiaiiyi. .
“I?aia?an?ii — i?aeaioiaea aei aeeiiaiiy ?ooo. sseui i?aia?an?ii — oaae
?oo, oi a?i aeiaaa? aeey naaa a?aeiia?aeiiai i?aia?an?iio»” —
caoaaaeoaaa O.Eiiooia.

Eeane/iee aaeao o ia??iae eiai aeeneo/iai ?icaeoeo ia
?in?enueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio a?oio? c?iaea aaaaoi caiice/aiue c
oe?a?inueei? oaioethaaeueii? eaeneee, caaaa/oth/e ianaiia?aae /ieia?/ee
oaiaoeue.

O iao /an aeaye? eeane/i? ?ooe o a?eueo-iaio ci?iaiiio
aeaeyae?, a noeoiiino? c ?ioeie ?ooaie, ciia oa?eoee aei eaeneee
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth. Aeineoue caaaeaoe iiaea?ei?
saut de basque — ??ciiaeaee iiaea?eieo iia?o?yieo oo??a, aeeiiaiiy yeeo
iaaeo? c ea?eieiiiith a??ooici?noth (iiaea?ei? oo?e-aeoie?, iiaea?ei?
oo?e c i?eoeniooeie iiaaie, ?ici?aeea a oo?? oa ?i.).

Ia iniia? oaoiieia?? iaa?oaiiy, i?eoaiaiiiai ae?ii/iio
eeane/iiio oaioeth, a ii?aeiaii? a iniiaiiio c en dedans, ye aeiyoie c
en dehors, noai?aii oe?eee ?yae ae?ii/eo oe?a?inueeeo e?ooie: aa?aoaii,
e?ooea ii ae?aaiiae? ia iaei?e iic?, e?ooea c oe?e-oeyeii oiui.

Oai?/a aca?iicaaaa/aiiy eeane/iiai oa ia?iaeieo oaioe?a ?icoe?th?
iaae? ieanoe/ii? iiae, iaaea? ?e aaaaoiieaiiaino?. A oeueiio i?ioean?
a?ae?a?a? cia/io ?ieue ia o?eueee e?euee?noue (yeith, aei ?a/?,
ni?aaaei? ieooe? ia caoiieththoueny), aea e ye?noue, noee?noe/ia
coiiaeai?noue o?ainoi?iaoe?? no?oeoo?ieo /anoie oiai /e ?ioiai ?ooo c
a?naiaeo eeane/ii? aai ia?iaeii? eaeneee.

Oae, neaae?ii, ia?iaei? oaioeth?enoe oaeineiiaeeee ia?oa?i?
oo?e-i??oaoe. Aa?oi a?aecia/eoe, ui, iath/e iaeiaeiao iacao (ia?oa?iee
oo?, aai eiai caaaeueiiaaeeaaiee — i??oao), ca nai?th no?oeoo?ith, a
oaeiae ca oaoiieia??th aeeiiaiiy aiie a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae eeane/ieo.
?noioio a?aei?ii?noue iathoue preparation (a oe?a?inueeiio oaioe? — oea
iaiii?oiee caoaeoiaee ?oo, ia yeiio caeaa?eueoiai ia o?eno?oueny oaaaa
aeyaea/a) oa eoeuei?iaoe?y ia (ia?ii ia oaac? o?aaeeoe?ei? iice
eeane/iiai oaioeth i?ney cae?i/aiiy iaa?oaiiy). A?aei?iiee ? oaii
aeeiiaiiy.

?icaeoie no/aniiai eeane/iiai oaioeth, aacia?a/ii, ci?ith? eeane/i?
eaiii?/i? oi?ie no?eae?a, iniaeeai ?o o?enaoe?th. Ia?ainieneaiiy oa
ia?ai???iooaaiiy noaeeo, o?aaeeoe?eieo oi?i ?ooo ?icoe?th? eiai
ia?acii-ae?eiao aiie?ooaeo. A no/anieo aaeaoieo aenoaaao ie
niinoa??aa?ii, ye, caaa?ooth/e a??ooiciee ?oo-no?eaie, oaioeth?eno
i?eoiaeeoue a arabesque /e attitude, ii?aeioth/e ?o c ianooiiei ia.
Iaaaaea?ii, ui naia a iano?eeino? oeeo iieiaeaiue caeeaaeaii iiaeaeueoo
aeeiai?eo, a ii?aeiaiiy ?o c ianooiiei ia aaaea aei i?aai?/ii? aoaeiae
oi?aia?ao?/ii? o?ace, ?a/aiiy, ia??iaeo, noai?thth/e eia?/iee ?icaeoie
ae??. Oeae i?eioeei ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny ca?ac ? a oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeiiio
oaioe?.

sseui iio?aaa o aeeiiaii? neeaaeiiai ae?iaaoe/iiai o?theo
aei?aaaeaia ?icaeoeii ae??, oi oae? ?ooe iaiao?aei? a
ia?iaeii-noeai?/ieo oaioeyo. Aeaiaioe ae?iaaoeee, i?aeo?eiie,
ea?eieiiieo no?eae?a ia?ii a “Iaoaeeoe?” I.A??nueeiai, “Ia N?/?
Caii??cuee?e” A.Ieoaeeiaa, “Eoiaeuenuee? ?icaaae” E.Aaneeaiea.

A??ooici? ?ooe: iia?o?yi? ?aaieueoaoe, ??ciiaeaee iia?o?yieo oo??a,
?ici?aeee, i?aen?/ee oa ?io? iio?aaothoue eii?aeeiaoe?? ?oo?a o?ea, eiai
no?eeino? oa aaeaino. Aeaye? c a??ooici?a ?oo?a ia iiaeia aeeiiaoe aac
a?ae/oooy /?oei? aa?oeeaeueii? in? (??ciiaeaee i??oao?a), aac
aa?oeeaeueii? oa ai?eciioaeueii? inae (ieeiee, iia?o?yi? ?ici?aeee
oiui). Iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeai i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy a??ooiciiai ?ooo
cao?enoaaoe iio??aio iico. Aei oeeo ia ne?ae a?aeianoe o?aaeeoe?ei? —
iia?o?yi? e?eueoey, uoiae, iia?o?yio ?ici?aeeo — ? iia?, iai?eeeaae,
i?eo?ae i?ney iiaea?eiiai iia?o?yiiai oo?o a iiaiee oiaaao, o ?ici?aeeo
a iiai?io?. Iiaioai?aiiyie noaee ? iiacoiaoeue c iii?ith ia /iei,
??ciiaeaee caeeaaeie-i?aen?/ie, i?inoaaiiy ia e?eoyo ? iaeueoeyo i?a o
aoeiaeinueeiio oaioe? oa ?i. O ?ac? iio?aae oe? ?ooe aeei?enoiaothoueny
a iinoaiiaeao oe?a?inueeeo aaeaoiaenoa??a. Aeey ?o aeeiiaiiy iio??aia
iaaia nii?oeaii-ae?iaaoe/ia i?aeaioiaea oaioeth?eno?a.

Aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae oi?aia?ao?/ieie eoeueoo?aie ??cieo
e?a?i — iaeia c iaeoe?eaa?oeo, aea, ia aeaeue, ua iaeiaeine?aeaeaieo
i?iaeai. ?noi??y oa eoeueoo?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ia?ic?eaii iiaycai?
c ?noi???th oa eoeueoo?ith neiayinueeeo ia?iae?a.

Aeaaiuei?onueea oi?aia?ao?/ia eoeueoo?a aeaea ia?iaei?e
oi?aia?ao?? aaeeeo e?euee?noue ?oo?a. Aca?iicaycee, ui coiiaeththoue
aca?iiaieea oe?a?inueei?, ?in?enueei?, a?ei?onueei? oi?aia?ao?/ieo
eoeueoo?, iathoue i?eiaeii? o?e aniaeoe: iiaoooaaiiy oaioe?a ?ioeo
ia?iae?a a Oe?a?i?, /e iaaiaee, oe?a?inueeeo aeanue ca iaaeaie Oe?a?ie o
?o ia?a?niiio aeaeyae?; o?ainoi?iaoe?y aeayeeo ia?iaeieo oaioe?a ia
iiaiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio a?oio?; o?ainoi?iaoe?y no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a ia ?
?o o?aaeeoe?eii? iaia?e aeeiiaiiy a?aeiinii oi? iaoe?iiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e, c yei? caiice/aii oeae ?oo.

Oe?a?inueea eaeneea iiiiaieeany oe?eei ?yaeii iiaeo ?oo?a:
??ciiiai?oieie ae??aooa/eaie, i?aeeoeeaie oiui, ye? aeaui ci?ieeeny ia
iiaiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio a?oio? (ae??aooa/ea c eaaeo/ea, ae??aooa/ea c
aeeeaeaiiyi iiae aa?e, aa??aioe neieiiiaaieo ae??aooa/ie, a?a c
aeaeaaioeai, aeaeaaiaoeue-ae??aooa/ea ? o.ae.). Iiae?aia niinoa??aa?ii ?
a iieaneao. I?e aiae?c? ?o no?oeoo?e iaaaaeei aiaaieoeny, ui ni?aaa ia a
iaoai?/iiio ia?aianaii? ?ooo, neaae?ii, c ?in?enueeiai oaioeth a
oe?a?inueeee /e, iaaiaee, c oe?a?inueeiai a ?in?enueeee, a a cian?i
iia?e eiai ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, iiaycai?e ia?aaeon?i c iao?i?eoi?/iith
no?oeoo?ith ?ooo, iinoaiiaeith ei?iona, ?oe, aieiae ? a oe?eiio iaia?e
aeeiiaiiy. Oe?a?inuee? /ieia?/? ieanea/? aeeiiothoueny oe?iei, aac
ci?uaiiy ?eoio ? neieiiiaaieo ooai?aiue, oa?aeoa?ieo, iai?eeeaae, aeey
?in?enueei? oaioethaaeueii? o?aaeeoe??. Aeiyoeii, cae/aeii, iiaea aooe
niaoe?aeueia aeei?enoaiiy iieane?a o ieai? nai???aeiiai
ooaeiaeiuei-ae?aaeaeueiiai caniao, ui a?aeiia?aea? eiie?aoiiio
?aeaeii-oaiaoe/iiio caaaeaiith oai?o, eiai aeai?o. C O?? noie?ooy
ii/eia? aeoeaii canaeyoeny i?aaeaiue Oe?a?ie ?in?enueeeie naeyiaie, yeeo
aai ianeeueii ia?anaeyee ca oea?nueeei oeacii, aai aiie nai? o?eaee,
?yooth/enue a?ae naaaie? e??iiniee?a oa ?ae?a?eieo ia?ane?aeoaaiue.
Oaeei /eiii caniiaoaaeeny oe?e? iinaeaiiy.

Ia?anaeaioe? ianee c niaith ? naith eoeueoo?o. Aeayeee aieea
?in?enueei? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e a?ae/oaa?oueny, iai?eeeaae, a
aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio “Aiiaeo” (neieiiiooai?aiiy, ci?uaiiy aeoeaio?a o
aeaeaaioeyo, ae??aooa/eao, i?aeeoeeao oiui). Aiane?aeie oeueiai e
ae?ii/ee oaiaoeue ooo a?eueo ??cueeee, i?ae, neaae?ii, ae?ii/? ia?o?? o
oaioeyo Ee?aueie. Aeeiiothoueny o ?in??, A?ei?on?? oe?a?inuee? oaioe?:
“Aiiae”, “Eica/ie”, “Aooeoeea” oa ?io?, a ia Oe?a?i? ?in?enuee?:
“Eiia?einueea”, “Aa?eiy”, “Ei?iai/ea”, “Eaiaaa”, “Na?oa i?nyoeue”, a
oaeiae a?ei?onuee?: “Eyaiieoa”, “E?ooooa”, “E?eaea/ie” oa ?i.

Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui a neeaaeieo i?ioeanao aca?iiaieeao
eoeueoo? aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?a? ia o?eueee i?a?aoe?y ianaeaiiy, a e
non?aenoai aoi?/ieo oa?eoi??e.

O aeayeeo ?aeiiao Oe?a?ie ? /eiaei a?ei?onueeeo n?e. Ie?ai? ?ooe
a?ei?onueeiai oaioeth (iieueea-o?ynooa, iaa?oe ia i?aeneieao o iieueoe?)
cono??/a?ii a oe?a?inueeeo oaioeyo, ui iiaooothoue o oeeo ?aeiiao. O
ieioeiio i?ioean caiice/aiiy a?aeaoaaany aeaui noeo?eii (ie?ai? ?ooe ?
oaioe? caiineee a?ei?one-ieioa??, ca?ia?o/aie oa ?ia?oieee, ui
i?aoethaaee ia caaiaeao Oe?a?ie). Aea oaia? i?ioean aca?iiaieeao,
aca?iicaaaa/aiiy oi?aia?ao?/ieo eoeueoo? iaeaaiaeaeaii aeia?a,
iiaeeeaino? ni?eeoaaiiy iaiaiaaeai?. ? oea iiceoeaii a?aeaeaa?oueny ia
?icaeoeia? iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?. Oae, oi?aia?ao?/ia ienoaoeoai
A?ei?on?? caaaaoeeiny ca ?aooiie oe?a?inueei? oaioethaaeueii? eaeneee.
?ai?oa, iai?eeeaae, o a?ei?onueeiio oaioe? ia aoei oaeeo a??ooicieo ia,
ye oo?e, saut de basque, iia?o?yi? ?ooe-no?eaee oa ?i., a oaia? aiie
?niothoue ? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iinoaiiaeao.

Iieyee a Oe?a?i? iaoeathoue iaea?eueoa ia I?aaiaa?aaeae?:
Oiaeueieoeueea, AEeoiie?nueea, Euea?anueea, Ee?anueea iaeano?. Oaioe?
iieuenueeeo ao?ae?a iathoue aaaaoi ni?eueiiai c aooeoeuenueeeie,
aa?oiaeinueeeie — o iieiaeaii? ?oe o ia?ao, o iayaiino? ?a?iaiai
aeaiaioa. Iieuenuee? oae caai? ?ica?eieoeuee? oaioe? aea a /iio
iaaaaeothoue iao? “Ii?eoee”, “A?eai”, ? ia o?eueee ?ooaie, a e
ao?eaooe??th (oii??oe?). Noiae? i?ae niaith ? oae caai? /aaainuee?
oaioe?.

C ia?a?ioiiiaaieo iieuenueeeo ?oo?a, ye? i?oeii oa?eoee a oe?a?inueeo
eaeneeo, ne?ae iacaaoe oa?aeoa?ia pas de bourre. *ieia?/ee iiai?io c
aeoeeynii, ui aeeiio?oueny a n?euenueeiio oeueiinueeiio iaco??, a
eiaeoeueeiio, iii/einueeiio iaa?aeo, i?ieoiaoe neeaaeiee oeyo
anei?eyoe??, noaa iiae?euenueeith ea?eth/eith. ? iaaiaee, o iieuenueeiio
oaioe? “Ieaaiae?” niinoa??aa?ii iieiaeaiiy ?oe, i?eoaiaiia
aooeoeuenueeei eieiieeeai; oe?a?inueeee no?eaie o iiai?io? c
i?eoeniooith iiaith (oeio fote) aeeiio?oueny a iii/einueeiio iaa?aeo.
Aeeiiothoueny o iieuenueeeo oaioeyo ? aeaye? ia?a?ioiiiaai? ??ciiaeaee
caeeaaeie.

Aieea neiaaoeueei? oi?aia?ao?? aa/eii a aiee?anueeeo oa
eaie?anueeeo oaioeyo: iyea plie i?e aeeiiaii? aeayeeo e?ooie o ia?ao,
aeei?enoaiiy ?oo?a neiaaoeueei? iieueee ye o ia?ao, oae ? a ianiaeo
eiiiiceoe?yo. A oe?a?inueeeo oaioethaaeueieo eieaeoeaao aeeiiothoueny:
ie?i/ae, aaeeea eia?a, /iiao-/a?aeao oa ?io? neiaaoeuee? oaioe?.

A aieaa?nueeiio ia?iaeii-oaioethaaeueiiio ienoaoeoa? ? aaaaoi
ni?eueiiai c oe?a?inueeei. Ie?ai? aa??aioe aieaa?nueeeo i?oaeeiie
iaaaaeothoue oiaee aooeoeuenueeiai oaioeth c a?a?aoe??th iea/ae, a
aieaa?nueeee oaao — oea ia ui ?ioa, ye iieiaeaiiy a oe?a?inueeeo ia?ieo
oa ianiaeo oaioeyo “o?ano-iaao?ano”. Iaeei c iniiaieo ?oo?a
aieaa?nueeiai oaioeth — caeaea c ?? ??ciiaeaeaie (iecueea, aeniea,
caieiooa, a?aee?eoa, aioo??oiy, ciai?oiy, caaeiy) aeoaea noiaea c
aooeoeuenueeei naa?aeeii. Oaioeththoue ia Oe?a?i?: aoeai?yneo,
?a/ieoeth, /aoaa?ii, i?noee/aoi, oi?i.

O aeayeeo ?aa?iiao Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? aeeaa /eiaei oai?oe?a.
A oai?nueeeo oaioeyo aa/eii iiae?ai?noue ia?ieo iieiaeaiue i?e e?ooeao
aei oaeeo aea iieiaeaiue o eieiieeeao (caa??aaiiy iaei??? oi/ee, ia yeo
i???ioo?oueny aeeiiaaaoeue, caaaeyee /iio ?oo iaaoaa? ia o?eueee /?oei?
aeeiai?ee, a e iaaii? i?ea?iaeueiino?, iniaeeaino?, aeanoeai? o?eueee
aooeoeuenueeei oa oai?nueeei oaioeyi). A caea?iaonueeeo, iniaeeai
aeieeiyinueeeo, oaioeyo aa/eii oa?aeoa?i? aeey oai?nueei? oi?aia?ao??
neieiiiooai?aiiy: o aeaeaaioeyo, i?aeeoeeao, a oaeiae o aa??aioao
eeth/?a, aeayeeo oiae?a (o?ae c i?aeno?eaoaaiiyi), neieiiiaaieo no?eae?a
c eaaeoe?a iaio i?a ia anth nooiith, ae?ii/eo no?eae?a ia i?aiaeueoeyo
oa ?i. A Oe?a?i?, iniaeeai ia Caea?iaoo?, iiaooothoue oai?nuee? oaioe? ?
aac ia?a?ioiioaaiiy (/a?aeao, iaioicii, aa?aoie).

I?ioean eiinie?aeaoe?? noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo oa eoeueoo?e
oe?a?inueeiai oa iieaeaanueeiai ia?iae?a a?aeaoaaany i?ioyaii aaaaoueio
?ie?a, a?e?a. I?i oea na?ae/aoue ia?iaei? o?aaeeoe??, cae/a?, ia?yaee.
Aaaaoi ni?eueiiai ia?ii ? a oi?aia?ao?? oe?a?inueeiai oa iieaeaanueeiai
ia?iae?a. Oae, o Iieaeaa?? iiaooothoue aiiaeoe, eieiieeea, aieieoeuee?
(aaeaeooeuee?) oaioe?, aeoaea noiae? c aooeoeuenueeeie aa?i?/ieie
oaioeyie. Iieaeaanueeee “AEieoe oa?a?eei?” (“Oaiaoeue eiaae?a”) noiaeee
iaethieii oa ?ethno?aoeaieie ?ooaie c oe?a?inueeei iiae?euenueeei
oaioeai eiaae?a, a “*aaaiao” (“Ianoooie”) — c aoeiaeinueeei /aaainueeei
oaioeai. Iieaeaanuee? i?enyaeee oioiaei? aooeoeuenueeei (aac aeai??oieo
eie?i) ?, ye i?aaeei, aeeiiothoueny ia a?eueoa o?ueio ?ac?a i?ae?yae.
??ciiiai?oi? oeie “iy/ee?a” (i?enyaeea aac aeianaiiy iiae aia?aae) ia?ii
ye o aooeoeuenueeeo, oae ? a iieaeaanueeeo oaioeyo. ??ciiaeaee aieiaeo
aei??aeie-oiae?a ?c aeeeaeaiiyi ?iai/i? iiae, aei??aeee ieaoai?,
iiaea?ei? oaea?e, oaea?e c iiai?ioaie, o?ae c eaaeoea ia anth nooiith
i?eoaiaii? ? aoeiaeinueeei ? iieaeaanueeei oaioeyi. O “*aaaio?”
aeei?enoiaothoueny ??ciiaeaee aooeoeuenueeiai naa?aeea.

O oi?aia?ao?/ieo eoeueoo?ao iaio ia?iae?a ciaoiaeeii aaaaoi
nii??aeiaieo aeaiaio?a ? a iieiaeaiiyo ?oe, iniaeeai a ia?ao oa o??eeao
(oaioe? “Ee?ye”, “Iiaia”, “Ieyiae?a”). Noiae? e i?eioeeie i?oaeeiee —
eieeaaiiy ei?iona aai?o-aiec. ?eoiiaai? “no?eoaoo?e” (aea?o?aeea?
aeaoee) iaaaaeothoue iao? o?eiaee/ee-i?eiiaee.

O *a?i?aaoeuee?e oa Caea?iaonuee?e iaeanoyo aeeiiothoueny ?oioinuee?
oaioe? iaeanoae Ia?aio?ao oa I?aaeaiii? Aoeiaeie aac ia?a?ioiioaaiiy. A
Iaeanuee?e iaeano? aeeiiothoueny ?oioinueea ne?aa oa oi?a. Aeayeee aieea
?oioinueei? oi?aia?ao?? a?ae/oaa?oueny a ci?uaii? aeoeaio?a o
aoeiaeinueeeo ?ooao: ae?ia?oeao, aeaeaaioeyo, i?eooiao.

Oaeei /eiii, a?aoi? ia?iaee ?c nii??aeiaiith iaoa??aeueiith e
aeooiaiith eoeueoo?aie iathoue aaaaoi ni?eueiiai o oieueeei?? acaaae? e
oi?aia?ao?? cie?aia. Oae, neaae?ii, oii onueiio oaioeth caaeathoue: o
?in?yi — oi?iaiaeiee, o aooeoeuenueeeo, aiee?anueeeo, eaie?anueeeo
oaioeyo — aaaeo/ee, o aieaa? — oi?iaiaeaoeue, aeaaa/, aiaea/,
oaioeiaiae, o ?oioi?a — aieiaa (ne?aa, a?eoe, ?onoaia).

Oaiaoeue eieiieeea o iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo oi?iao cono??/a?oueny o
aooeoe?a, eaie?a, aiee?a, neiaae?a, oai?oe?a. Oea ae naia iiaeia neacaoe
? i?i oae caai? ?ica?eieoeuee?, aieiaie/? oaioe? (“Aaeaeoe”, “Ieyn”,
“Ii?eoee”, “Eicae” — o aooeoe?a, “Aaeaeoe” — o aieaa? oa iieaeaaai,
“ssi/ae”, “Aaeaeoo”, “Iaecaiie” — o neiaae?a). Oaioe? a o??eeao: “O?iye”
o iieye?a oa neiaae?a; “O??eea” — o aooeoe?a; “O??eea-?o/aieoey” — o
aieaa?; “E?eaee oaiaoeue” — a oe?a?ioe?a; “E?eaa oi?i” — a aieaa?,
na?a?a oiui. Aeaoee, o?eiaee/ee, i?eiiaee, iioeooaaiiy iea/eia ia?ii a
oai?nueeiio oaioe? “*a?aeao”, aooeoeuenueeeo — “?ao?a/aiea”,
“O?iiioyiea”, aieaa?nueeiio — “Oiinueea oi?i”.

Ioaea , ye aa/eii, aeaea?aea caaaa/aiiy oaioethaaeueii? eaeneee
i?aeoe/ii iaae/a?ii?!

O?ao?e ?icae?e iiiia?ao?? — “Caycie oi?aia?ao?/ii? eaeneee oa ioceee”.

I?e aeeiiaii? ?ooo aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? eiai caycie c
iao?iiii?/iith aoaeiaith ioce/iiai noi?iaiaeo, eiai oaiiii, aeeiai?eith
oiui.

I?e aeeiiaii? ?ooo i?ioyaii iaaiiai a?ae??ceo /ano
a?aeaoaa?oueny nai???aeia /a?aoaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo eiai aeaiaio?a, eiee
ii/aoie (aeoeaio) i?eiaaea? caeaa?eueoiai ia iniiaiee aeaiaio. A?ae
ci?ie aeeiiaiiy aeaiaio?a ?ooo a /ania? caeaaeeoue ? eiai ?eoi?/ia
aoaeiaa. Ci?ia o?eaaeino? ie?aieo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a ?ooo, ?o
aeoeaiooaaiiy, iaaiein ? neeaaeathoue nai???aeiee oi?aia?ao?/iee ?eoi.

?eoi a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue o oi?aia?ao?/iiio ienoaoeoa?. Oae
iaaia ?eoiioi?ioea aaea naia ii nia? oa?aeoa?eco? ??ciiaeaee
oe?a?inueeeo ia?iaeieo oaioe?a: aiiaea, eica/ea, oi?iaiaeo, eaae?ee?,
eieiieeee, iieueee.

O cayceo c oei, ui ieoaiiy ?eoiioa?oioaaiiy a ia?iaei?e
oi?aia?ao?? ua ia aeine?aeaeoaaeinue, aaoi? a iiiia?ao??, aae ia
oneeaaeithaaoe aiae?co, iia?o? iaea?eueo aaeeaaieie ?ooaie ? iaaienia
iionea?, aea o?eueee iiaeeeai, i?io?aei? aeaiaioe.

Oi?aia?ao?/iee oaii — oea oaeaee?noue aeeiiaiiy ?ooo, yea
caeaaeeoue a?ae ioeuenoaaiiy iao?e/ieo aeieae a ioce/iiio noi?iaiae?.

O noeoiiino? c ?ioeie ae?aaeaeueieie caniaaie oaii ? iaeiei c
/eiiee?a, ui ni?ey? aecia/aiith oa?aeoa?o oai?o, noai?th? iaaiee
aiioe?eiee iano??e.

*enei oaii?a o ia?iaeii-noeai?/i?e oi?aia?ao?? a?eueo-iaio noaea.
Oi?aia?ao?/i? oaiie ae?eyoueny ia iia?euei?, iii??i? oa oaeaee?.

O iia?eueiiio oaii? aeeiiothoueny /ieia?/? ?ooe, ui a?aeoai?thoue
iieiaeaoeoai, caacyooy ? o.i.: ??ciiiai?oi? i?ioiaeee, aaeeeee oeiie c
oiaaeaiiyi ia iiai?io?, i?enyaeee-cai?ioaiiy, i?enyaeee-?icoyaeee c
iiai?ioii, aeaye? iiacoioe? (iiacoiaoeue c iieaneaie, iiacoiaoeue ia
oeieo), iia?o?yi? ?aaieueoaoe, i?aeaeaee, aaeee? eaa??ie?, ?ici?aeee,
yno?oae, uoiaee, no?eaee-iaa?oaiiy ii eieo.

AE?ii/eie iia?eueieie ?ooaie ia?aaeathoue o?i/eno?noue, eaae?noue,
a?aoe?ici?noue: oi?iaiaei? oiaee, aei??aeee, oiaaeaiiy, ??ciiaeaee
iecueeeo oeie?a, aeaye? a??ueiai/ee, iia?eueia e?oaeeyii? ia i?noe?,
aeoeeynieee c oiaaeaiiyi.

Iia?eueiee oaii iiaea aooe i?ioyaii onueiai oaioeth, iai?eeeaae,
oi?iaiaeo; ?iiae? a?i neoaeeoue nai???aeiei eiio?anooth/ei iiiaioii aeey
oaeaeeeo ?oo?a a aiiaeao, eica/eao, nthaeaoieo oaioeyo. Aei oiai ae
iia?eueiee oaii ni?ey? /?oeiio e ae?aciiio aeae?eaiith ie?aieo aeaoaeae,
i?aee?aneaiith eiei?eoo, iaia?e aeeiiaiiy oi?aia?ao?/iiai ia.

O na?aaei?o oaiiao aeeiiothoueny iaai? noae? ?ooe a?eueoino?
oe?a?inueeeo oaioe?a: iio??ei? e?iee, aeaye? oiaee iieueie, e?iee-a?ae,
iae? oeiee, ??ciiaeaee aeoeeyniee?a, naa?aeaeaoeue, cia/ia e?euee?noue
a??ueiai/ie, iaeaea an? ae??aooa/ee, /anoeia aeaeaaioe?a, i?aeeoeie,
ieanea/ee?a, iaeaea an? i?enyaeee, iiacoioe?, ia?oa?i? ?aaieueoaoe,
aeaye? ia?i? iaa?oe ia i?noe? oa c i?inoaaiiyi, aieoaoe?, i?aeaeaee,
cae/ee, i?aen?/ee.

Oaeaee? oaiie iiaycai? c ae?aaeaiiyi aeeoo??aae?nieo ii/ooo?a,
eeio/i? aia?a??, nayoeiaiai iano?ith, a oaeiae a?aeia?aaeaiiyi iaaieo
ae?aiaoe/ieo eie?c?e, ianiieith, noaeeueiaaiino?.

O oaeaeeeo oaiiao aeeiio?oueny cia/ia e?euee?noue ?oo?a oe?a?inueeiai
oaioeth: ??ciiaeaee oa eiia?iaoe?? oaioethaaeueieo a?a?a, aeaye? e?iee
iieueie, a?aoioe?, iecuee? oeiee (ye? a oaeaeeiio oaii? caeaa?eueoiai
aeeiiothoueny ia i?noe? oa a eiia?iaoe?? c ?ioeie ?ooaie), aeoeeynieee,
a??ueiai/ee, aeaye? aeaeaaioe? oa i?aeeoeee, ieanea/eee (a oaeaeeiio
oaii? caeaa?eueoiai aeeiiothoueny /a?ac iaoco, oiaoi /a?ac a?n?ieo aai
/aa?oeo), cia/ia e?euee?noue i?enyaeie, iiacoioe?a (aeaye? c ieo oaeiae
aeeiiothoueny /a?ac iaoco), ieeiee, iaa?oe ia?oa?i? ia?i? ia i?noe?,
iaa?oe ia?oa?i? oa iia?o?yi? c i?inoaaiiyi.

A?aecia/eii, ui, oi/ aeaye? ?ooe iiaeia aeeiiaoe o oaeaeeiio oa
iii??iiio oaiiao, ana ae ?niothoue iaai? iaae? oaiiiaiai aeeiiaiiy ?ooo,
i?e ii?ooaii? yeeo ao?a/a?oueny ia o?eueee eiei?eo, aea ii?ooo?oueny ?
no?oeoo?a ? aeai?.

Oaiie aeayeeo ?oo?a ?ieiee ?icai?oathoueny a?ae iia?eueiiai aei
iii??iiai, ? ia?aoo?, aei oaeaeeiai. Oea iiaea aooe a aeayeeo
iiacoioeyo, iaa?oaiiyo oa ?ioeo a??ooicieo ?ooao.

Oaii aeeiiaiiy a?ao, aacia?a/ii, caeaaeeoue a?ae iaenoa?iino?
aeeiiaaoey. I?ioa iaeaieiai?oa — oea coi?oe a?aeoai?eoe oie oaii, yeee
aeiaaa?oueny ci?noii oai?o, caaeoiaiee eiai iinoaiiaieeii, eiai
oai?oeai. Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? oeae /eiiee o neeaaeieo
oi?aia?ao?/ieo eiiiiceoe?yo, aea cono??/athoueny ia o?eueee ??ciiiai?oi?
oaiie, aea e an?eyea ?o aeiiii?aeia ithainoaaiiy.

Caoaeo aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey iiaoaeiae neieiiiaaieo
oi?aia?ao?/ieo eaeneeiooai?aiue. Aeey oeueiai caoaeoiao /anoeio ?ooo
ia?aiinyoue ia neeueio aeieth, a ia neaaeo i?eiaaea? aeeiiaiiy iniiaiiai
aeaiaioa. A oae?e ?eoi?/i?e neooaoe?? a?ae/oaa?oueny iaa?aeiia?aei?noue
?eoi?/iiai e iao?e/ieo aeoeaio?a ioceee aeaiaioai ?ooo, oiaoi
noai?th?oueny oi?aia?ao?/ia neieiia.

Ii?ooaiiy ?eoi?/iiai ?icii?yaeeo — iaeei ?c cania?a, caaaeyee yeiio
iaea?aeo?ii ianiiae?aai? aeoeaioe, ui a?aeaeaathoue iacae/aeiee oa?aeoa?
aeeiiaiiy ?ooo.

Neieiia noai?th?oueny ? oiae?, eiee caoe neaaei? aeie? oaeoo cao/eoue
? ia ianooii?e neeuei?e aeie?, i?ney iaoce, ui i?eiaaea? ia aeoeaioiaaio
aeieth oaeoo.

Aacoiiaii, aeei?enoiaothoueny neieiie a oe?a?inueeiio oaioe?, a
ii??aiyii?, neaae?ii, c ?oioinueeeie, aieaa?nueeeie, ?in?enueeeie
oaioeyie, aea oeae ?eoi?/iee ithain noaiiaeoue aaaeeeao oa?aeoa?io
iciaeo iaoe?iiaeueii? oi?aia?ao??, cia/ii ??aeoa.

A oe?a?inuee?e oi?aia?ao?? neieiia iiaeeeaa i?e aeeiiaii?
iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo aeaiaio?a ae??aooie, aeaeaaioe?a, ieanea/ee?a oiui.
Ia neieiiiaaieo ?ooao aoaeothoueny oe?e? oaioethaaeuei? eiiiiceoe??:
“Ii?yee oeioee?? “?aaeyinueea Oe?a?ia”, “Ieanea/” I.A??nueeiai,
aooeoeuenuee? — “I?aoi?ae”, “Ianoooeia? eieiieeee” ss.*oia?/oea,
“E?ni?oae”, “A?eai”, “*aaaie” A.Iao?eea oa ?i. Aeei?enoiaothoueny
neieiie ? a oaeeo ia?iaeieo oaioeyo, ye “Eiaae?”, “Oaa/eee”.

Aiae?coth/e ?ooe oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth, ?iaeii aeniiaie, ui o cia/i?e
e?eueeino? iia?o?yieo ia (?ici?aeeao, yno?oaao, uoiaeao, no?eaeao oiui),
a oaeiae o a??ooicieo caeeaaeeao iniiaiee aeaiaio ?ooo i?eiaaea? ia
neaaeo aeieth oaeoo, ioaea, noai?th?oueny neieiia. C iaaaaeaieo
i?eeeaae?a noa? c?icoi?ei, ui ii?o/ c nooi ioce/iith neieiiith o oaioeyo
?nio? nai???aeia oi?aia?ao?/ia neieiia, yea ia iicia/a?oueny a ioce/iiio
noi?iaiae?, aea aeieea? i?e aeeiiaii? iaaii? a?oie ?oo?a.

?ioa ni?aaa, ui oe? ?ooe iiaeia aeeiiaoe a ??ciiiai?oieo ?eoiao,
i?ioa naia aeeiiaiiy ia neieii? iaaea? ?i i?ea?iaeueiino?,
nai???aeiino?.

Oi?aia?ao?/ia oa?iaoa, ye ? acaaae? oa?iaoa, aea? i?aai
aeia?eueii ca?eueooaaoe o?eaae?noue ?ooo ? aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey
aeoeaiooaaiiy ie?aieo cia/oueo /anoie oiai /e ?ioiai ?ooo; aeey
i?aee?aneaiiy eoeuei?iaoe?eiiai iiiaioo eaene/iiai ?icaeoeo; iai?eeeaae,
a eaa??ieyo, no?eaeao, oneeaaeiaieo caeeaaeeao, ?aaieueoaoao, a??ooicieo
?ooao; aeey aecia/aiiy ii/aoeo ?ooo, ui neiaie?co? oe?ieee ?iciao
oaioeth; aeey a?aeoai?aiiy cao?eiee o oi?aia?ao?/iiio ia; aeey
?iciaaeoaaiiy ??ciioa?aeoa?ieo ?oo?a. Aeeiiaiiy ?oo?a ia oa?iao? —
aeineoue oe?ieee i?eeii a oe?a?inuee?e oi?aia?ao??, a aeei?enoaiiy ?? a
eiie?aoieo oiiaao — aaaeeeaee can?a ae?aciino?.

?iiae? a caaaeueiiio oi?aia?ao?/iiio eiioaeno? ia /e eiai
ie?ai? aeaiaioe aeeiiothoueny i?ae /an iaoce a ioce/iiio noi?iaiae?. Aei
oeueiai i?eeiio caa?oathoueny ia?aaaaeii a ?ooao, ui iathoue cae??aiaio
no?oeoo?o oa /?oei ie?aneaio ?eoiiiaeiaeeeo: ae??aooa/eao, i?aeeoeeao,
ieanea/eeao.

Ii?o/ c iao?i?eoi?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith ?ooo ?nio? ua e
ithainoaaiiy oi?aia?ao?/iiai ia. Ia ithainoaaiiy ?ooo aieeaa? ioce/iee
eaae. Iaaei?ia iaeiae?y iaaea? ?ooia? aeeiai?/iino?, i?ii?ia —
ie?oaeaiino?, ieaaiino?, aeaa?eiino?.

Oi?aia?ao?/i? oo?eoe — iaai? i?eeiie ?ioiioaaiiy oiai /e
?ioiai ?ooo — oaeiae iiaycothoueny c ioce/iei noi?iaiaeii.

Oi?aia?ao?/iei oo?eoii aaaaea?oueny iaaienia aeae?eaiiy aeaoae? i?e
aeeiiaii? ?ooo, yea iaaei? eiio i?eaaaeeaino?, i?ea?iaeueiino?, iaa?oue
aeayeith i??ith nai???aeii? iaiiaoi?iino?. Oe? ithaine cyaeythoueny
caeaa?eueoiai i?e eii?aeeiaoe?? iieiaeaiue ?oe, aieiae, iea/ae, o
iacae/aeiiio ?aeo?n? oiui. Iaa?oue iiaeyae ?ieiee a?ae?a?a? ae??oaeueio
?ieue o noai?aii? oi?aia?ao?/iiai ia?aco. Iai/iei i?eeeaaeii oeueiai
iiaeooue aooe ia?ace ae?a/eie, oeiioey, ae?aea o aa?oaii?e noeai? “Ie
i?ae aeoiath”, ye? noai?eee aeoi?e A.Oaeaiiaa, A.Iia?aeeiia oa A.Eeia?.
Oe? iaeno?e oaioeth ciaeoee aaeae? oo?eoe, ye? iaa?oue i?e aeeiiaii?
aaea a?aeiieo ia ana ae iaaeathoue ?i aeaui ?ioiai caaa?aeaiiy,
iio??aiiai o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aeey ?ice?eooy oa?aeoa?o eiie?aoiiai
oeiaaeo.

Ae?oaa /anoeia iiiia?ao?? — “Eaeneeii oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai
oaioeth” aeeth/a? a naaa iacae, oi?o?eaoe?th oa eeaneo?eaoe?th ?oo?a.

Iaiyoee noa?iaeie, aeath/e iai ciiao a?aeoai?eoe o caaaeueieo ?enao
oaoiieia?th aeeiiaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo ia, cian?i ia aeathoue oyaeaiiy i?i
?o iacae. Aea a iaiyo? ia?iaei?e aiie caa?aaeeny. A oeueiio ? iieyaa?
neea aeeai? o?aaeeoe??.

I?en?ae, aaeaeoe, ieacoiaoeue (iioiio o?ainoi?iiaaia a iiacoiaoeue),
ieanea/?, ae??aooa/ee, aeoeeynieee, ieeiie, aa?aoc, uoiae, naa?aeaeie,
ieao?iea, aei??aeea, i?aoi?ae, o?iiae, iiaa?aiea, yno?oa oa aeaye? ?io?
ia?aci? iacae ?oo?a aoee noai?ai? a i?ioean? ?icaeoeo oi?aia?ao?? ?
noaee, oae ae iiaeoe, eeane/ieie.

O ooaeiaei?e i?aeoeoe? i?e iinoaiiaoe? caienaiiai oaioeth /e eiai
o?enaoe?? aai i?e o?enaoe?? oaioethaaeueiiai oai?o aaeeeiai cia/aiiy
iaaoaa? oi?aia?ao?/ia oa?i?iieia?y. ?ooe a i?ioean? ?o noai?aiiy
cae/aeii iaea?aeothoue iaai? iacae ( ca aeiyoeii o?aaeeoe?eieo), oa, ia
aeaeue, ia caaaeaee oe? iacae iaaoaathoue oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy,
iiaeeeai, /a?ac oa, ui ia iae?aco aoee cao?eniaai?, neaae?ii, a yeiionue
ae?oeiaaiiio aeaeaii?, aea aoa ae iienaiee iacaaiee ?oo. Ioaea, ana oea
aaaea aei iaaii? oa?i?iieia?/ii? i?oaieie, yea, aacoiiaii, oneeaaeith?
i?aeoe/io ?iaioo aaeaoiaenoa??a.

Cia/ia /anoeia ?oo?a oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth iie?nai?/ia ?
cono??/a?oueny ia?aaaaeii o iaaieo niieo/aiiyo aeaiaio?a aeaio ? a?eueoa
ia. A?cueiaii cae/aeiee aeoeeyniee. Eieenue, aeoaea aeaaii, a?i
aeeiioaaany a iaeiiio /e aeaio aa??aioao, ioaea, iio?aae a oneeaaeiaii?
iacae ia aoei. C ?icaeoeii oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e cyaeany aeanyoie
?oo?a, ooiaeaiaioii yeeo noaa aeoeeyniee: aeoeeyniee c oaeiaiiyi,
i?eooiii, o iiai?io? oa aaaaoi ?ioeo. On? aiie, e??i naiai iniiaiiai
aecia/aiiy (aeoeeyniee), iaea?aeothoue ua e aeiaeaoeia? (c oaeiaiiyi, c
i?eooiii, o iiai?io?). Naia a aeiiiaiaiiy, a ooi/iaiiy aeeaaea?oueny
aaaeeeaee ithain, yeee aea? eiie?aoia oyaeaiiy i?i ia?aeiaiiy a iaeiiio
ia aeaiaio?a ??cieo ?oo?a, oaeei /eiii, aecia/a?oueny oa?aeoa?
no?oeoo?ii? iiaoaeiae neeaaeiiai eaene/iiai iiaioai?aiiy: oeiie o
iiai?io?, a??ueiai/ea c aeianaiiyi iiae ia eaaeoe, iiaea?eia a??ueiai/ea
? o.i.

Iiaeia oaa?aeeoe, ui ia nueiaiaei? oe?a?inueea oi?aia?ao?/ia
oa?i?iieia?y a?eueo-iaio ie?aneeeany, onoaeeeanue. ?? aaiaoe/ia ei??iiy
??cia: iae/ano?oa iacaa ?ooo a?aeoai?th? eiie?aoia oyaeaiiy i?i eiai
caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?; o aeayeeo iacaao cacia/aii iaia?o oa oaoiieia?th
aeeiiaiiy ?ooo; iacae ?oo?a aeacothoue ia noiae?noue c iaaieie
i?aaeiaoaie; aeaye? c iaca, ocyo? c eeane/iiai oaioeth, aa?eoee a
oe?a?inueeo oaioethaaeueio eaeneeo; iiooiaoii aeey noai?aiiy iacae
iiaeooue aooe, iai?eeeaae, ?ooe, oa?aeoa?i? aeey iaaiiai
oaioethaaeueiiai aeai?o.

Ieoaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo ia o?eueee eaeneee, aea e acaaae? ia?iaeii-noeai?/ii?
oi?aia?ao?? o oe?eiio.

Oaea i?ae /an ?iaioe iaae caienaie ?oo?a aoei aeyaeaii, ui
ii?o/ c iie?nai?/i?noth ia aenooia? ua iaeia eiai oa?aeoa?ia iciaea —
ii??aiyeuei?noue. Oae , neaae?ii, oaoiieia?y aeeiiaiiy aaeeeiai oeiea
cian?i a?aei?iia a?ae iaeiai oa na?aaeiueiai. Ioaea, a ia?aeaeueiiio
c?noaaeaii? a?ae/oaa?oueny ? ii??aiyiiy, ? ?acii c oei eiio?ano.
Iie?nai?/i?noue oa ii??aiyeuei?noue ?oo?a aaaeooue aei caeiio ?yaeo (a
oi?aia?ao?? — oea a?oia ?oo?a), eiai eaiee (i?aea?oie). A?oia ?
i?aea?oia iathoue iii?iee ?oo, ia iniia? yeiai aoaeothoueny nii??aeiai?
ia, ui, ye i?aaeei, iaea?aeothoue iacae ni?aa?aeiinii aei iii?iiai ?ooo.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?eioeei aecia/aiiy iacae ?oo?a, ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y,
?iaioa iaae o?enaoe??th iiai?noth naaa aei?aaaeaee, ai oa?eoee a oai??th
oa i?aeoeeo no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa.

O eiie?aoiiio /ooo?aiio a?aeoai?aii? ae?eniino? caniaaie oaioeth ia
ia?oee ieai aeoiaeyoue ieanoeea ? ?oo, ye? a ii?aeiaii? c ioceeith
noaiiaeyoue iniiao oaioeth.

Eeaneo?eaoe?y

?oo?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth.

Ia?oa a?oia. Oaioethaaeuei? e?iee.

1 i?aea?oia. Oaioethaaeuei? e?iee c iinea. Iniiaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — iyeee e?ie c iinea.

2 i?aea?oia. Oaioethaaeuei? e?iee c eaaeoea ia anth nooiith. Iniiaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — e?ie c eaaeoea.

3 i?aea?oia. Eiaci? e?iee. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — i?e
aeeiiaii? ?oo?a iiaeooa/ea nooii? ia a?aeie?aieth?oueny a?ae i?aeeiae.
Oiaee ?iaeyoueny ia iaaaeeeiio plie, oiaoi iiae eaaeue c?aioo? o
eie?iao. Uiaei oaiiiaeeiai?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee, oi ?ooe oe??? a?oie
aeeiiothoueny ia?aaaaeii a iii??ieo oaiiao.

4 i?aea?oia. E?iee c i?aeno?eaoaaiiyi, i?aeneieaie, ia?aneieaie. Iniiaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — iaaeniea i?aeno?eaoaaiiy, i?aeneiee,
ia?aneiee c iiae ia iiao. Aeeiiothoueny ae?ieaie oa /ieia?eaie o an?o
aeaeao ? aeai?ao oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa o an?o eieaeueieo ?aeiiao
Oe?a?ie.

5 i?aea?oia. Aieia? e?iee, ia?anooiaiiy. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia
iciaea — oaioeth?enoe nooiathoue c iinea ia anth nooiith. Oa?aeoa?ia
iciaea iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia?anooiaiiy aeeiio?oueny, ye i?aaeei,
ae?ieaie (/ieia?eaie aeoaea ??aeei).

Ae?oaa a?oia. Oaioethaaeuei? a?ae, a?aoioe?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?oai? eaene/ii? a?oie oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth — iieyaa? a eaaeino?, /?oeino? aeeiiaiiy
?oo?a ia i?aiaeueoeyo c iacia/iei plie. Uiaei oaiiiai? iciaee, oi oe?
?ooe, ye i?aaeei, aeeiiothoueny aanaei, aeaaai, o oaeaeeiio oaii?.

O?aoy a?oia. Oeiee.

1 i?aea?oia. Oeiee iae? oa na?aaei?. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia
iciaea — ia?ao?aniee no?eaie c iiae ia iiao c ianooiiei iacia/iei plie.

2 i?aea?oia. Oeiee aaeee?. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea —
oe?ieee ia?ao?aniee no?eaie c iiae ia iiao. Oaii iia?eueiee.

*aoaa?oa a?oia. Aei??aeee, oiaaeaiiy. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia
iciaea — nooiaiiy c iinea ia anth nooiith c i?inoaaiiyi oa?e (aeiyoie —
aei??aeea aia?aae), iacaae ? ianooiiei i?eiaaeaiiyi ia iaeio iiao.

Iyoa a?oia. Aeoeeynieee oa ?io? nii??aeiai? ?ooe. Iniiaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — aeeiiaiiy ?oo?a c iinea ia iyoeo c
a?aeaaaeaiiyi iiae aa?e. Niaoeeo?ea aeeiiaiiy naa?aeea, iiaee/e?a oa
?ioeo ?oo?a iiaea?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei a iienao.

Oinoa a?oia. A??ueiai/ee. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea —
?iai/a iiaa ia?aaiaeeoueny ca iii?io.

Nueiia a?oia. Ae??aooa/ee. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea —
/ano? iiia?ai?ii? oaea?e eaaeoe?a i?a ii i?aeeic?.

Ainueia a?oia. I?eooie, aeaeaaioe? oa i?aeeoeee. Iniiaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — i?eooie an??th nooiiath, aeaeaaioe?
eaaeoeaie, eeth/? an??th nooiiath.

Aeaayoa a?oia. Ieanea/eee. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea —
iieanee o ??cieo iao?ao ? ?eoiao. Iae/ano?oa cono??/athoueny a /ieia?/eo
ia?o?yo. Iaeoeiia?oeie ? iia?euei? oa iii??i? oaiie. Oaeaeeee oaii
iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye aeiyoie.

1 i?aea?oia. Ieanea/eee c ?aoaoii. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia
iciaea — oaea?e aeieiiath a ?aoaoi.

Aeanyoa a?oia. I?enyaeee. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea —
i?en?aeaiiy. Ooo ia?ii /ioe?e i?aea?oie,eio?? a?ae??ciythoueny iaeia
a?ae iaeii? iaaieie niaoeeo?/ieie ithainaie, iai?eeeaae eiia?iiaai?
i?enyaeee — oea ii?aeiaiiy iiaiiai i?en?aeaiiy c ?ioei ?ooii /e
no?oeoo?iith /anoeith yeiainue naiino?eiiai ?ooo. Aai
i?enyaeee-?ici?aeee — oea ?ooe, a yeeo c iiaiiai i?en?aeaiiy
aeeiiaaaoeue aeoiaeeoue ia ?ici?aeeo c iii?ith ia iaeaea? iiae, oiae? ye
o i?enyaeeao-?icoyaeeao ia?ii iiaia i?en?aeaiiy oaioeth?enoa c
?icoyaeeith ia iaeio iii?io iiao. I?e iien? eiaeiiai c aa??aio?a ?oo?a
aecia/a?oueny eiai oaiiiaee ae?aiacii. I?ioa oeiiaith, caaaeueiith
?enith oe??? aaeeei? eaeneei-oi?aia?ao?/ii? a?oie ? oa, ui ?ooe
aeeiiothoueny eeoa /ieia?eaie.

1 i?aea?oia. I?ino? i?enyaeee.

2 i?aea?oia. Eiia?iiaai? i?enyaeee.

3 i?aea?oia. I?enyaeee-?icoyaeee.

4 i?aea?oia. I?enyaeee-?ici?aeee.

Iaeeiaaeoeyoa a?oia. I?enyaeee — caeeaaeee. Iniiaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — i?en?aeaiiy ia iii?io iiao, a ?iai/a
iiaa i?aeaiaeeoueny o ??ciiiai?oieo iieiaeaiiyo i?ae iii?io iiao. Iaaia
e?euee?noue ?oo?a, ui ia?aeiothoueny o oeth a?oio, ia? oa?aeoa?i?
iciaee, ca yeeie a naith /a?ao ?iciiae?ey?oueny ia aea? i?aea?oie:
cae/aei? i?enyaeee-caeeaaeee ? i?enyaeee-caeeaaeee o iiai?io?. ??cieoey
a i?enyaeeao-caeeaaeeao ae?oaie i?aea?oie iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aeiaea?oueny ua iiai?io (/a?ac iii?io iiao aai c iiii?ii? iiae ia
?iai/o) a ??ciiiai?oieo ?aeo?nao. I?enyaeee-caeeaaeee — ?ooe /ieia?/?.

1 i?aea?oia. Cae/aei? i?enyaeee-caeeaaeee.

2 i?aea?oia. I?enyaeee-caeeaaeee o iiai?io?.

Aeaaiaaeoeyoa a?oia. Iiacoioe?. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea —
i?e iiaiiio i?en?aeaii? ia iii?io iiao ?iai/a iiaa ni?yiiao?oueny
aia?aae aai aa?e.

1 i?aea?oia. Cae/aei? iiacoioe? oa iiacoioe? ia eaaeoe.

2 i?aea?oia. Eiia?iiaai? iiacoioe?.

O?eiaaeoeyoa a?oia. ?aaieueoaoe. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea
— a iiaiiio aai iaiiaiiio i?en?aeaii? ia?aaaaeaiiy ?iai/i? iiae /a?ac
iii?io.

*ioe?iaaeoeyoa a?oia. Ieeiee. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea —
iaa?oaiiy aeeiiaaoey ia iii?i?e iic? c aeiiiiiaith ?oe i?e iiaiiio
i?en?aeaii?.

Iyoiaaeoeyoa a?oia. I?aen?/ee. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea —
i?aen?eaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ?oe ia iiaiiio i?en?aeaii? iii?ii? iiae
?iai/ith.

O?noiaaeoeyoa a?oia. Iiai?ioe oa iaa?oe. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia
iciaea — iaa?oaiiy aeeiiaaoey iaaeiei nai?? in? ia iaei?e /e iaio iiaao.
A?eueo-iaio /?oei aeae?eythoueny /ioe?e i?aea?oie: iaa?oe ia?oa?i? ia
i?noe?, iaa?oe ia?oa?i? c i?inoaaiiyi (ii eieo, ii ae?aaiiaeyo, ii
i?yi?e oa ?i.), ia?i? ia?oa?i? iaa?oe ia i?noe? oa ia?oa?i? iaa?oe c
i?inoaaiiyi (caeaa?eueoiai ii eieo, a aooeoeuenueeeo, aiee?anueeeo oa
eaie?anueeeo oaioeyo — ii i?yi?e: aa?oeeaeuei?e /e ai?eciioaeuei?e).

1 i?aea?oia. Iiai?ioe oa iaa?oe ia?oa?i? ia i?noe?.

2 i?aea?oia. Iiai?ioe oa iaa?oe ia?oa?i? c i?inoaaiiyi.

3 i?aea?oia. Iiai?ioe oa iaa?oe ia?oa?i? ia?i? ia i?noe?.

4 i?aea?oia. Iiai?ioe oa iaa?oe ia?oa?i? ia?i? c i?inoaaiiyi.

N?iiaaeoeyoa a?oia. Aieoaoe?, i?aeaeaee, eaa??ie?. Iniiaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — i?aeaeaaiiy o no?eaeo eaaeoeaie iaei???
iiae ii ?io?e.

1 i?aea?oia. Aieoaoe?.

2 i?aea?oia. I?aeaeaee.

3 i?aea?oia. Eaa??ie?.

A?n?iiaaeoeyoa a?oia. No?eaee. Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea —
no?eaie.

1 i?aea?oia. No?eai/ee, neiee, ia?aneiee. No?eaee ia i?noe?.

2 i?aea?oia. No?eaee c i?inoaaiiyi.

3 i?aea?oia. No?eaee-iaa?oe ia i?noe?.

4 i?aea?oia. No?eaee-iaa?oe c i?inoaaiiyi.

Aeaayoiaaeoeyoa a?oia. ?ooe, ui aeeiiothoueny e?eueeiia aeeiiaaoeyie.
Iniiaia no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — aeeth/athoue iniaeeaino? c yeeo
aiie neeaaeathoueny.

Aeaaaeoeyoa a?oia. ?i?oaoe?y o?oaeiaeo i?ioean?a. Iniiaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — a naieo iacaao ?oo?a.

Aeaaaeoeyoue ia?oa a?oia. Oaioethaaeuei? iieeiie oa cai?ioaiiy. Iniiaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia iciaea — a iacaao ?oo?a.

Aeniiaee

?icaoaeiaa iacaeaaeii? niai?ii? Oe?a?ie, oi?ioaaiiy no/aniiai
noni?euenoaa ia ac??aoeue ?a?iiaenueei? aeaiie?ao??, oneeaaeiaia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie ianoaaeiaie. O oi?ioaaii? iiaiai na?oiaeyaeo
ethaeeie, ?? aeooiaiino? cia/ia i?noea a?aeaiaeeoueny eoeueoo?? oa
ienoaoeoao, a oiio /ene? ? oi?aia?ao??.

O aeniiaeao a?aecia/aii iai?aeeia?i?noue ?iaioe, yea iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aaoi? a noia?iiio aecia/aii? aia?oa ae??oea oi?aia?ao?/i?e iaooe?,
iaa?oiooaaa oa aeoeoia/ea oe?eo ieceo i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue oai???,
iaoiaeeee oi?aia?ao?/ii? iaaeaaia?ee, i?aeoeee, iiaycaieo c oeyoaie
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa, oa eiai
iniiae — eaeneee.

A ?iaio? /?oei i?ine?aeeiaothoueny iaeo?ni?oee caycie, aca?iiaieea,
aca?iicaeaaei?noue on?o aeaiaio?a oaioeth, aac a?aooaaiiy
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o caaaeuei?e eiino?oeoe?? iaiiaeeeai noai?eoe ni?aaaei?e
ienoaoeueeee oa??. Naia oea ieoaiiy noaei iaoith i?e iaienaii?
iiiia?ao??, ia caaaeath/e ia nooi niaoeeo?/io oaio ? iaeaaeee aeey
aeaeaaieoeoaa /an, noaa?aeaeo?, ui c caaaeaiiyi aaoi? a iaai?e i???
aii?aany

Iiiia?ao?y “Eaeneea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth” ia iaea
? iiee ui ia ia? aiaeia?a o na?oia?e i?aeoeoe?.

Nueiaiaei? ?? aeei?enoiaothoue aeeeaaea/?, nooaeaioe aoc?a eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa, aaeaoiaenoa?e. O?eueee anaa?/ia inieneaiiy oi?aia?ao?/ii?
eaeneee oai?o aeiiiiaaa? cynoaaoe caeiiii??iino? eiai ooaeiaeiuei?
no?oeoo?e, aea? iiaeeea?noue i?ine?aeeoaaoe ca aeoieith
aaeaoiaenoa?a-iinoaiiaieea.

Eaeneeiooai?thaaiiy — aacia?a?aiee oai?/ee i?ioean, yeee caeaaeeoue
a?ae:

a) eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia aeeooy ia?iaeo;

a) cayce?a eaeneee c eiie?aoiith a?aeoai?thaaiith ae??th, oiaoi ci?noii
oai?o, eiai ia?acii-oaiaoe/iei ?icaeoeii;

a) cayceo eaene/iiai iaoa??aeo c eiiiiceoe??th oaioeth, ioceeith,
ao?eaooeeith.

A iiiia?ao??:

a) iieacaii aaiethoe?eiee oeyo ?icaeoeo, noaiiaeaiiy eaeneee a?ae
iaeaeaai?oeo ?eooaeueii-ia?yaeiaeo oi?iaiaeao aei no/aniiai
oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth;

a) i?iaiae?ciaaii ii?oieia?/ii-no?oeoo?io iiaoaeiao ?ooo, oa?aeoa?,
iaia?o aeeiiaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeo, aeai?o;

a) ?ice?eoi iaoe?iiaeuei?, eieaeuei? iniaeeaino?, ?o caycie c ioce/iei
oieueeei?ii.

Ia aaaaoueio ac??oeyo i?iaeaiiino?iaaii oeyoe caaaa/aiiy eaeneee, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny:

· ca ?aooiie iiaiooai?aiue ia iniia? o?aaeeoe?eii? eaeneee;

· a?aeiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e noa?iaeiieo oaioethaaeueieo ?oo?a oa aaaaeaiiy
?o o ae?th/o eaeneeo;

· caaaa/aiiy caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueii? eaeneee eieaeueieie ?ooaie;

· aeei?enoaiiy eaene/ieo i?ioan?iiae?ci?a, aea?aii?ci?a;

?ice?eoi aca?iiaieeae oa aca?iicaaaa/aiiy eaeneee oaioe?a ia?iae?a, ye?
iaoeathoue ia Oe?a?i?: ?in?yi, a?ei?on?a, iieye?a, iieaeaaai, ?oioi,
oai?oe?a, aieaa? oa ?ioeo, a oaeiae aieea oe?a?inueei? oi?aia?ao?? ia
oi?ioaaiiy ?oo?a a e?a?iao aeeaeiueiai ca?oa?aeaey: ?in??, A?ei?on??,
Eacaonoaio, Aaoe????.

?ice?eoi aca?iiae?th oe?a?inueei? eaeneee c aeaiaioaie nii?oo
(ae?iaaoeea), iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ai?, ?icaaa.

?ice?eoi caycee oi?aia?ao?/ii? eaeneee oa ioceee.

Aeaoaeueii i?iaiae?ciaaii no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/i? iciaee, iaia?a
aeeiiaiiy, ca yeeie ?oo io?eio? iacao.

I?iaaaeaii oi/io oa?i?iieia?th oa oi?o?eaoe?th ?oo?a.

Aia?oa ia aeaiiio aoai? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? oi?aia?ao?? i?aaenoaaeaii
iiaio eeaneo?eaoe?th ?oo?a oa ?iciiae?e ?o ia 21 a?oio c a?aeiia?aeieie
30 i?aea?oiaie ( anueiai 1 067 ?oo?a).

I?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ia ae/a?io? an?o aniaeo?a oe??? iaaecae/aeii
aaaeeeai? i?iaeaie. Aaoi? i?iaeiaaeo? cae?aoe cieio? ca?ia oe?a?inueeiai
oaioeth — eiai ?ooe oa oaioe?.

A ?acoeueoao? a 1997 ?ioe? aia?oa ia Oe?a?i? aeeoia ae?oeii i?ae?o/iee
aeey aoc?a eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa c oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth — “Oe?a?inueeee
oaiaoeue”.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Oe?a?inuee? oaioe? ia eeoai?e noeai?:
Iaa/.iin?a.-I.:I?ioaeaeaa. 1960. -15.4 ae?oe.a?e. (?in. iiaith)

2. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Oaioe? ainaiaeth “Aei?i?i”. -E.: Aea?ae. aeae-ai
ia?ac. ieno. ? ioc.e?oa?. 1960. -5.85 ae?oe.a?e.

3. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Aeca?aeeioe? oaioeththoue. -E.: Aea?ae. aeae-ai
ia?ac. ieno. ? ioc.e?oa?. 1961. -5.9 ae?oe.a?e.

4. Aaneeaiei E.TH. *a?aiia eaeeia. -E.: Aea?ae. aeae-ai ia?ac. ieno. ?
ioc.e?oa?. 1962. -1.25 ae?oe.a?e.

5. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Cieio? ca?ia: Iaa/.iin?a. -E.: Iieiaeue. 1963. -17.6
ae?oe.a?e.

6. Aaneeaiei E.A. Aii?inu ?acaeoey oe?aeineiai ia?iaeii-noeaie/aneiai
oaioea. -E.:AI ONN?. 1965. -2 ae?oe.a?e.

7. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Nthaeaoi? oaioe?. -E.:Ienoaoeoai. 1966. -9.75
ae?oe.a?e.

8. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Oaioe? Iieoaaueie: ?aia?o.ca. -E.:Ienoaoeoai. 1969.
-3.81 ae?oe.a?e.

9. Aaneaiei E.TH. Eaeneea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth:
Iaa/.iin?a. -E.:Ienoaoeoai. 1971. -22.19 ae?oe.a?e.

10. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Iaeno?e — cieio? ?oee. -E.:Ienoaoeoai. 1974. -1.4
ae?oe.a?e.

11. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Oe?a?inueeee ia?iaeiee oaiaoeue: Iaa/.iin.
-I.:Eneonnoai. 1981. -7.7 ae?oe.a?e. (?in. iiaith)

12. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Eiiiiceoe?y oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai
oaioeth: Iaa/.iin. -E.:Ienoaoeoai. 1983. -6.57 ae?oe.a?e.

13. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Oe?a?inuee? ia?iaei? oaioe? aeey ae?oae. -E.:
Ioc.Oe?a?ia. 1985. -4.67 ae?oe.a?e.

14. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Eaeneea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth:
Iaa/.iin?ai. -2-a aeae. -E.:Ienoaoeoai. 1990. -14.39 ae?oe.a?e.

15. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Eaeneea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth:
Iaa/.iin?ai. aeey ?inoeooo?a eoeueoo?e -3-a aeae. -E.:Ienoaoeoai. 1996.
-32 ae?oe.a?e.

16. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Oe?a?inueeee ia?iaeiee oaiaoeue: I?ae?o/i.aeey ?ino.
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa. -E.: ?IE IE. 1997. -18 ae?oe.a?e.

17. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Nai???aei?noue oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa. -E.:
OeAIO. 1968. -1 ae?oe.a?e.

18. Aaneaiei E.TH. Eaeneea oaioeth. -Oa?e?a: OeAIO. 1968. -1.2
ae?oe.a?e.

19. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Caaaa/aiiy ia?acii-iiaoe/ii? iiae oaioeth. -E.:
OeAIO. 1972. -0.8 ae?oe.a?e.

20. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Ca?iaeaeaiiy iniia eiiiiceoe?? a o?aaeeoe?eieo
oi?iaiaeao: *ano.?. -E.: OeAIO. 1975. -1.5 ae?oe.a?e.

21. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Ca?iaeaeaiiy iniia eiiiiceoe?? a o?aaeeoe?eieo
oi?iaiaeao: *ano.??. -E.: OeAIO. 1979. -1.5 ae?oe.a?e.

22. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Ioce/ii-oi?aia?ao?/iee eiei?eo ? i?eioeeie ia?iaee
oieueeei?iiai oaioeth: Iaoiae.iin?a. -E.:?IIOe. 1984. -1.2 ae?oe.a?e.

23. Aaneeaiei E.TH. I?ia?aia ii oe?a?inueeiio oaioeth aeey ?inoeooo?a
eoeueoo?e. -E.: ?IIOe. 1986. -1.0 ae?oe.a?e.

24. Aaneeaiei E.A. I?ia?aiia aeey einoeoooia eoeueoo?u “Iaoiaeeea ?aaiou
n naiiaeayoaeueiui oi?aia?aoe/aneei eieeaeoeaii”. -I.: OeIIOe. 1987.
-1.5 ae?oe.a?e.

25. Aaneeaiei E.TH. ?aia?ooa? — ye oaeoi? iao??ioe/iiai oa
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a//Iioe?aiiy na?oiaeyaeiiai
ni?yioaaiiy aeeeaaeaiiy i?io?ethth/eo aeenoeeie?i: Ca.iaoe.i?. -E.:
EAe?E. 1988. -0.5 ae?oe.a?e.

26. Aaneeaiei E.TH. I?ia?aia eo?no “Iaoiaeeea ?iaioe c naiiae?yeueiei
oaioethaaeueiei eieaeoeaii”: I?ia?.aeey ?inoeo.eoeueo. -E.: EAe?E. 1991.
-1.0 ae?oe.a?e.

27. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Oe?a?inuee? oi?iaiaee /Iaoiae.?aeii. -E.: EAe?E.
1991. -1.0 ae?oe.a?e.

28. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Caien oaioeth “Iaoaeeoey”//Aaniyii/ea: Ca.oaioe.
-E.: Ienoaoeoai. 1961. -2.6 ae?oe.a?e.

29. Aaneeaiei E.A. Noeaia?ee, iinoaiiaea e caienue oaioea “*a?aiia
no??/ea”//Yno?aaea: Na.oaioe. -I.: Aiaiecaeao. 1963. -2.6 ae?oe.a?e.

30. Aaneeaiei E.A. Iinoaiiaea e caienue oaioea “Eieiieeea”// Oaioeu
ia?iaeia NNN?: Na.oaioe. -I.: Nia.?inney. 1963. -1.4 ae?oe.a?e.

31. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Noeaia??e, iinoaiiaea oa caien oaioeth
“Ae?oaeeiieee”//Ano?aaea: Ca.oaioe. -E.:Ienoaoeoai. 1963. -2.2
ae?oe.a?e.

32. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Iinoaiiaea oa caien oaioeth “Iaa?ae”//Oaioe?
ia?iae?a N?N?: Ca.oaioe. -E.:Ienoaoeoai. 1965. -2.2 ae?oe.a?e.

33. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Iinoaiiaea oa caien oaioeth “Eieiieeea”//
Aaeoeoeueoa?eaaaea: Ca.oaioe. -E.: Ienoaoeoai. 1965. -1.2 ae?oe.a?e.

34. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Noeaia??e, iinoaiiaea oa caien oaioeth
“Aieoa-aieoai/ie”//Oaioe? a?aoi?o ia?iae?a: Ca.oaioe. -E.: Ienoaoeoai.
1966. -1.5 ae?oe.a?e.

35. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Iinoaiiaea oa caien oaioeth “Aoeiaeinuee?
i?eiiaee”// Aaeoeoeueoa?eaaaea: Ca.oaioe. -E.: Ienoaoeoai. 1968. -1.5
ae?oe.a?e.

36. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Iinoaiiaea oa caien “Iieiae?aeiiai
oaioeth”//Nthaeaoi? oaioe?: Ca.oaioe. -E.: Ienoaoeoai. 1968. -2.0
ae?oe.a?e.

37. Aaneeaiei E.TH. Noeaia??e, iinoaiiaea oa caien oaioeth “Oe?a?inueeee
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A oaeiae noaoo?, caiene oaioe?a o aeo?iaeao — anueiai a?eueoa 50
ioae?eaoe?e.

Aaneeaiei E.TH. Eaeneea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai
oaioeth. Iiiia?ao?y.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa ?c niaoe?aeueiino? 17.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y
eoeueoo?e. Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa.
I.Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia iiaoe/i?e iia? oe?a?inueeiai oaioeth,
eiai eaeneoe?, ii?oieia?/i?e no?oeoo??, ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo,
aaiethoe??, oeyo?a caaaa/aiiy.

Aia?oa ia eeoa o a?o/eciyi?e, aea e o na?oia?e iaooe?
iiaea?oueny iiaia oi?o?eaoe?y oa eeaneo?eaoe?y iaoe?iiaeueii? eaeneee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eaeneea, aeano, iica, eiiiiceoe?y, oaia,
ioceea, aca?iiaieea, aca?iicaaaa/aiiy.

Aaneeaiei E.A. Eaeneea oe?aeineiai ia?iaeii-noeaie/aneiai
oaioea. Iiiia?aoey.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a
eneonnoaiaaaeaiey ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 17.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey
eoeueoo?u. a.Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iiyoe/aneiio ycueo oe?aeineiai oaioea,
aai eaeneea, ii?oieiae/aneie no?oeoo?a, enoi?e/aneiio ?acaeoeth,
yaiethoeee, iooae iaiaauaiey ia?iaeiie oi?aia?aoee.

Aia?aua ia oieueei a ioa/anoaaiiie, ii e ie?iaie iaoea ii
oi?aia?aoee, i?aaenoaaeaia iieiay oieoeeaoeey e eeanneoeeaoeey
iaoeeiiaeueiie eaeneee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaeneea, aeano, iica, eiiiiceoeey, oaia,
iocuea, acaeiiaeeyiea, acaeiiiaiaauaiea.

Vasilenko E.A. Lexicon of Ukrainian national-scenic dance. The
monography.

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the
doctor artdirection on a speciality 17.00.01 — theory and history of
culture. Kiev, State University of Culture and Arts, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to poetic language of Ukrainian
dance, his lexicon, morphological structure, historical development,
evolution, ways of enrichment, peaples choreography.

For the first time not only in domestic, but also world
science on a choreography, the complete unification and classification
of national lexicon is submitted.

Key words: lexicon, gesture, pose, composition, theme, music,
interaction, mutual enrichment.

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