Легкотопкі світлозабарвлені склоемалі для електростатичного нанесення на сталь: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / І.В. Бердник, Харк. держ. політехн.

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aa?aeiee ??eia Aaeaioei?aia

OAeE 666.291.3

EAAEIOIIE? NA?OEICAAA?AEAI? NEEIAIAE? AeEss

AEAEO?INOAOE*IIAI IAIANAIIss IA NOAEUe

niaoeiaeueiicoue 05.17.11 — oaoiieia?y ooaiieaaeeo iaiaoae?/ieo
iaoa??ae?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oaoiieia?? ea?ai?ee, aiaiao?ea?a, neea oa
aiaeae Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?aa?ia Ethaeieea Eaca??aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oaoiieia??

ea?ai?ee, aiaiao?ea?a, neea oa aiaeae

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeee ssea aaiiae/,

Oe?ainueeee aea?aeaaiee oiei-oaoiieia/iee oiaa?neoao, caaaeoaa/
eaoaae?e oi/ii oaoiieia ea?aiee oa neea, i.Aeii?iiao?ianuee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

Aaaeia Eia Ieaenaia,

A?aee?eoa Aeoe?iia?ia Oiaa?enoai “Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee
?inoeooo aiaiao?ea?a”, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??, i.Oa?ea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoeiiaeueiee oaoi/iee oiaa?neoao

Oe?aie “Eeanueeee iieoaoi/iee inoeooo”, eaoaae?a oi/ii oaoiieia ea?aiee
oa neea, Iinoa?noaa inaoe Oe?a?ie, i.Eea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “7” aeiaoiy 1999?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.03 o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a -2,
aoe.O?oica, 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoa.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “4” aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Naoiaiei I.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie:

Aaaeeeaioith oiiaith ?icaeoeo aeiiiiiee Oe?a?ie ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iieneiaeo ae?ia?a oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiaioieo aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e. Noiniaii aiaethaaiiy
ae?ia?a c oiieieenoiai? noae?, a oiio /ene? iiaooiai? aia?aoo?e, aei
oaeeo oaoiieia?e a?aeiineoueny aeaeo?inoaoe/-iee ii?ioeiaee can?a, ui
caaacia/o? a ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eiei aiaethaaiiyi i?aeoe/ii
aaca?aeo?aei?noue, aenieee ??aaiue aaoiiaoecaoe??, iaoai?caoe??,
aeieia?/iino? i?ioeano, cieaeaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao ca ?aooiie aeeo/aiiy
iia?aoei? nooee oa iaeii?aciaiai aeiaeo a?oioiai? oa iie?iaii? aiaeae,
ciaioaiiy ae?iaie/io ieiu, a oaeiae nooo?aa iiaeaeuaiiy yeinoi
i?iaeoeoei?.

I?iieneiaa ?aae?caoe?y oeueiai caniao aeiaaa? aenieiai ??aiy
ae?iaieoeoaa, oaoiieia?/ii? aeenoeeie?ie oa, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai,
noai?aiiy i?eioeeiiai iiaeo neeaae?a aiaeae ?c niaoeeo?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie, ui iaoiiaeai? iniaeeainoyie oaoiieiai/iiai i?ioeano
aiaethaaiiy ca ?aaeeiii “2 oa?e – 1 aeiae”.

Eiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia ?aeeiie a Oe?a?ii eiii? ia eiioea?ii «Acia-iao» i
iaiaoiaeiinoue aiaeiiae aiae aaaaoieiooiaieo caei?aeiiieo neei-o?eo
aeiaaaee ?ioaiiy aeooaeueii? caaea/i — noai?aiiy aio/eciyieo aia-eae ia
iniiai ia?aaaaeii oe?a?inueei? ne?iaeie aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai
ii?ioeiaiai iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a ca ?aaeeiii “2 oa?e – 1 aeiae”.

Ca’ycie ?iaio c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue aiaeiiaiaeii i?ia?aie 7.3.3. «Iaoeiai iniiae
oa ?ic?iaea no/anieo aeaeia nee?eaoieo i ooaiieaaeeo iaiaoae?/ieo
iaoa?iaeia ??ciiai ooieoeiiiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy», caoaa?aeaeaiith
iinoaiiaith AeEIO Oe?a?ie ?12 aiae 4.05.92? oa AeIOI 05.07. «Iaoa?iaee i
oaoiieiai? aeey iaieaaeaiiy i iaianaiiy iie?eooia» Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie
«Iiai ?a/iaeie i iaoa?iaee» caiaeii iaeaco Iiiinoa?noaa iaoee i
oaoiieiaie Oe?a?ie ?102 aiae 23.04.97?.

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy.

?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iniia neioaco eaaeioiieeo naioeicaaa?aeaieo
neeiaiaeae aeey iaianaiiy ii?ioeiaei aeaeo?inoaoe/iei caniaii ia noaeue
ca ?aaeeiii «2 oa?e — 1 aeiae» oa ?o i?iieneiaa inai?iiy. Aeey
aeinyaiaiiy oei?? iaoe iaiaoiaeii aoei ae?ioeoe ianooiii caaea/i:

— anoaiiaeoe iniiaii e?eoa?i? uiaei aeanoeainoae neeio?eo aeey
iaianaiiy aeaeo?inoaoe/iei caniaii ca caaaeaiei ?aaeeiii;

— ?ic?iaeoe eaaeioiieo neeiiao?eoeth c aenieeie cia/aiiyie ieoiiiai
aeaeo?iiii?o ia iniiai anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo iiae no?oeoo?iith
iioeiinoth, aeaeo?e/ieie aeanoeainoyie iiaeaeueieo noaeie oa
?aieiai/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?o ?icieaaia;

— noai?eoe iiai neeaaee o?eo aeey iaea?aeaiiy iie?iaieo aiaeae aaaeaaiai
eieuei?o aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy ca ?aaeeiii «2 oa?e — 1 aeiae»
ia noaeaai aeaoaei aaciaeo oa aeaeo?e/ieo ieeo;

— anoaiiaeoe oaciaee neeaae, no?oeoo?o oa oiceei-o?ii/ii aeanoeainoi
iaea?aeaieo iie?eooia;

— iioeiicoaaoe oaoiieiai/ii ia?aiao?e iaianaiiy neioaciaaieo iie?eooia o
i?iieneiaeo oiiaao oa ai?iaaaeeoe ?o o ae?iaieoeoai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

1. Anoaiiaeaii iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy caoenieo eaaeioiieeo neeiaiaeaaeo
iie?eoo?a, ui iaiinyoue ii?ioeiaei aeaeo?inoaoe/iei caniaii oa
aeiaeththoue ca ?aaeeiii “2 oa?e — 1 aeiae”, oeyoii aeaoaeueiiai
aea/aiiy aca?iica’yceo no?oeoo?ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ieoiiiai aeaeo?iiii?o
neeiii?ioe?a oa ?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae neei?icieaa?a inaaaeiiio??eii?
nenoaie Cabal-R2O-SiO2.

2. Aia?oa oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii
iiaeeea?noue neioaco eaaeioiieeo aaaaoieoaeieo noaeie a nenoai?
R2O-CaO-B2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 c aenieei ieoiiei aeaeo?iiii?ii caaaeyee
?aaoethaaiith ?o no?oeoo?ii? iioeiinoi oa aiaeii/an aeei?enoaiith
iieieoaeiiai aoaeoo.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae neeiii?ioe?a aac a?ae?ioia?coth/i? iaieiiee, a
oaeiae eiiieaenio iaoiaeeeo aea/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
a?ae?ioia?ciaaieo ii?ioe?a aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?iaiyiiy, ui aiaeia?aaeothoue caeaaeiinoue
aeaeo?iiii?o, aieiainoi neeiii?ioeia oa iioa?aaeo oiieinoi neeio?eo aiae
?o neeaaeo, c aeei?enoaiiyi yeeo aoei neioaciaaii neeiiao?eoeth aeey
iaea?aeaiiy eaaeioiieeo iie?iaieo naioeicaaa?aeaieo o?eo ci cia/aiiyie
ieoiiiai aeeaeo?iiii?o ii?ioeia c ieo lg150= 8,9.

5. Anoaiiaeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy cia/aiue ?ioa?aaeo oiieino?,
cii/oaaeueii? cae?aiino? oa iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao ?icieaa?a iie??aii? oa
a?oioiai? neeio?eo, yea iaoiiaeth oi?ioaaiiy ye?niiai aeaioa?iaiai
ii-e?eooy i?e eiai iaeii?aciaiio aeiae? a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? 800-820N.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

Ia iniiai noi?ioeueiaaieo iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue io?eiaii eaaeioiiei
o?ii/ii- oa oa?iinoieei naioeicaaa?aeaii aiaeaai iie?eooy aaaeaaeo oiiia
oa aiaei?aoeueiaaii oaoiieiai/ii ia?aiao?e ?o iaianaiiy aeaeo?inoaoe/iei
caniaii ca ?aaeeiii «2 oa?e — 1 aeiae» i?e oaiia?aoo?i aeiaeo 800-820
iN.

?ic?iaeaii aiaei aoee aeaioiaeaii a i?iieneiaie ia/i o eieueeinoi 930ea,
aei?iaoaaii o ae?iaie/io oiiaao ia eiii? aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy AAO
«Acia», i.Ia?ioiieue i ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?e/ieo i
aaciaeo ieeo.

Aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue aeaei iiaeeeainoue ?aaeicoaa-oe
a oiiaao Oe?a?ie iiaioith aeieiai/io aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa?iaath/o
oaoiieiaith aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai ii?ioeiaiai aiaethaaiiy c aeeeth/ai-iyi
iiii?oo aaaaoieiooiaieo o?eo. Oieueee ia iaei?e eiii? aiaethaaiiy ?i/iee
aeiiiii/iee aoaeo aiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? o?eoe anoaiiaethaaa 40
oen.a?i.

Iiaeaeueoa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo neeio?eo i?e ae?iaieoeoa? ?ioeo,
iai?eeeaae, nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/ieo ae?ia?a c oiieieenoiai? noae? aoaea
ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith yeino? oa eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? a?o/eciy-ii?
aiaeueiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? a i?iaaaeaiii aenia?eiai-oaeueieo
aeineiaeaeaiue, ia?iaoei io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia, oi?ioethaaiii iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue i aeniiaeia, a oaeiae ai?iaaaeaeaiii ?acoeueoaoia ?iaioe o
ae?iaieoeoai. Aeine?aeaeaii inaaaeiiio??eio nenoaio Cabal-R2O-SiO2 c
oi/ee ci?o io?eiaiiy ia ?? iniia? eaaeioiieeo neeio?eo c aenieei ieoiiei
aeaeo?iiii?ii aeey iaianaiiy aiaeaaeo iie?eoo?a ia noaeaa? ae?iae
aeaeo?inoaoe/iei caniaii ca ?aaeeiii “2 oa?e – 1 aeiae”. Noai?aia
iaoiaeeea oa aeine?aeaeaii aeaeo?e/i? aeanoeaino? ii?ioe?a iiaeaeueieo
noaeie a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? (20-150-20) iN oa ?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino?
?o ?icieaa?a, a oaeiae i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy ? o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa
aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaea?aeaieo eaaeioiieeo na?oeicaaa?aeaieo
aiaeaaeo iie?eoo?a. I?iaaaeaii aa?eo neeio?eo oa ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
ae?iaieoeoai aaciaeo oa aeaeo?iieeo.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia ui?i/ieo
Iiaeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoii/ieo eiioa?aioeiyo «Eioi?ia-oeieii oaoiieiai?
: iaoea, oaoiiea, oaoiieiaiy, inaioa, caei?ia’y» (i.Oa?eia,
1995-1998??.); Ana?inienueeie ia?aaei «Iaoea i oaoiieiaiy neeieaoieo
iaoa?iaeia a no/anieo oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee» (i.Iineaa, 1995?.);
Iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiai- oaoii/iie eiioa?aioei? «I?iieneiainoue
aoaeia-oa?iaeia i aoaeiaaeueia iiaeono?iy, aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa?iaaiiy
a oiiaao ?eieiaeo aiaeiinei» (i.Aaeai?iae, 1997?.).

Ioaeieaoei?: ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 11 ?iaio: 6 noaoae oa
5 oac.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?: aeena?oaoeiy iaa anooi, 6 ?icaeieia iniiaiiai
ciinoo oa aeiaeaoee, aeeeaaeaia ia 189 noi?iieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
iinoeoue 137 iaeiaioaaiue i?aoeue aio/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo aaoi?ia,
43 ?ethno?aoe??, 39 oaaeeoeue, 2 aeiaeaoee. Iethno?aoei? aeeeaaeaii ia
36, oaaeeoe? — ia 41 ? aeiaeaoee ia 3 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi: iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue, a oaeiae iaoeiao ? i?aeoe/io
aaaeeeainoue ieoaiue, ui neeaaeathoue i?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy
aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa oeyoe ?? aeinyaiaiiy.

Aiaeioe/iee iaeyae.

?icaeyiooi iniiaii caniae iaianaiiy aiaeaaeo iie?eooia ia noaeaai ae?iae
oa iieacaii, ui ia aiaeiiio aiae o?aaeeoeieiiai, ii?ioeiaa
aeaeo?inoaoe/ia aiaethaaiiy aiaeiineoueny aei ia?aaeiaeo aeieiai/ieo,
aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa?iaath/eo oaoiieiaie, ui aeicaiey? ?aaeicoaaoe
iaeii?aciaee aeiae aeaioa?iaeo iie?eooia oa caaacia/o? ?o aenieo yeinoue
oa eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiinoue.

?icaeyiooi ianooaae canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai caniao a naioi oa
eiai iaiaaeaiinoue a e?a?iao NIAe, aea aii aeei?enoiaoaoueny eeoa
o?ueiia iiaei?e?inoaaie (a Oe?a?ii — AAO “Acia”, i.Ia?ioiieue).

I?iaiaeiciaaii aeaeo?ioice/ii iniaeeainoi i?ioeano aeaeo?inoa-oe/iiai
iaianaiiy neeiaiaeaaeo ii?ioeia, niaoeeoieo ?o aeaioiaeaiiy, ?a/iaeie
aeey ia?iaee iiaa?oii oa aeanoeainoi oeeo ii?ioeia, ui aecia/athoue
iiaeeeainoue ?o canoinoaaiiy aeacaiei caniaii.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia caaaeath/e ia oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?i-noaoe/iiai
caniao caei?aeiiii, iioi?iaoeiy i?i aiaeiiaiaeii aeey oeueiai
neeiaiaei aeoaea iaiaaeaia, a i?i i?eioeeie neioaco, i?ioeane ?o
oi?ioaaiiy a ?aaeei? “2 oa?e – 1 aeiae” oa neeaae iie?iaieo caaa?aeaieo
aiaeae acaaae? a?onooiy. Iaeiae aeey caaacia/aiiy aenieiai ?iaiy
aeaei?aoeaiinoi aiaeueiaaieo ae?iaia iaiaoiaeia oe?iea aaia ?o
eieuei?ia. ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/ii iieiaeaiiy uiaei caaa?aeaiiy
o?aaeeoeieieo aiaeae.

Aeiaaaeaia iaiaoiaeiinoue noai?aiiy iaoeiaeo iniia neioaco caaa?aeaieo
aiaeae aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy ia aaci ia?aaaaeii oe?a?inueei?
ne?iaeie.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yieo i iaoiaeiee aeineiaeaeaiue.

C o?aooaaiiyi aeniiae?a c aiae?oe/iiai iaeyaeo oa oiiae iaeii/aniiai
aeiaeo a?oioiaiai oa iie??aiiai aiaeaaeo oa??a o noai?i iaiaaeaiiio
oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae? 800-820iN, iaa?oioiaaii iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui ia?aaeaa/a? anoaiiaeaiiy iniiaieo e?eoa???a
aeanoeainoae noaeie, i?eaeaoieo aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy ca
?aaeeiii » 2 oa?e — 1 aeiae»; aea?? aaciaiai neea a nenoai? NaI — A2I3 —
Al2I3 (Nabal) ; neioac neeiiao?eoe? a inaaaeiiio??ei?e nenoai? Nabal —
R2O — SiO2 c i?oei?noth no?oeoo?e, ui ?aaoethoueny, yea iiaeiia
caaacia/eoe c iaeiiai aieo eaaeioiie?noue, aeinoaoith cii/oaaeueio
caeaoi?noue, iecuee? cia/aiiy iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao, a c ?ioiai — aenieee
aeaeo?iii??; neioac ia aac? ?ic?iaeaii? neeiiao?eoe? o?eo aeey io?eiaiiy
na?oeicaaa?aeaieo iie?eoo?a. E??i oeueiai, ia?aaeaa/aeinue
a?aei?aoethaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a iaianaiiy neioaciaaieo o?eo
aeaeo?inoaoe/iei caniaii.

Aeey neioaco noaeie aoee canoiniaai? iaoa??aee ia?ie «O*» oa «*AeA», a
i?iieneiaeo oiiaao — o?aaeeoe?eia ne?iaeia. Eaai?aoi?i? ieaaee
i?iaiaeeee a aeaeo?e/i?e ia/? a ei?oiaeiaeo oeaeyo, i?iieneiao — a
iaa?oia?e ia/? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 1250 iN.

Cii/oaaeueio caeainoue o?eo aea/aee iaoiaeii «neaey/i? e?aie?», ?ioa?aae
oiieino?, iiaa?oiaaee iaoya — ia i?eeaaeao IAeOO. O?i?/io oa oa?i?/io
no?ee?noue iie?eoo?a aecia/aee ca AeNOO 1098-93. Oiaueio iie?eoo?a
aei??yee iaaieoiei oiaueiiaei??thaa/ai, eieuei?ia? oa?aeoa?enoeee —
eiiia?aoi?ii eieuei?o EOe-3, aeyiaoeue — aeyioeai??ii AAO-6.
Aeaeo?e/iee ii?? neeiii?ioe?a aecia/aee ca aeaioaeaeo?iaeiith noaiith ia
noaiae?, ui neeaaeaany c oa?iieaia?e, aei??thaa/a oaiia?aoo?e,
oa?aiiao?o A6213A oa aaoio?ainoi?iaoi?o.

?aeaioeo?eaoe?th iiaiooai?aiue cae?enithaaee c aeei?enoaiiyi
?aioaaiioaciaiai aiae?co oa aeeoa?aioe?eii-oa?i?/iiai aiae?co. ?OA
i?iaiaeeee ia aeeo?aeoiiao?? Ae?II-2 c e?/eeueieeii Aaeaa?a i?e
ioo?eueo?iaaiiio aei?ii?ithaaii? i?ae?. AeOA i?iaiaeeee ia
aea?eaaoia?ao? nenoaie Iaoe?e-Iaoe?e-A?aeae.

Oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e ii?ioe?a aei??thaaeenue ?c canoinoaaiiyi
niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaieo aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai aiaethaaiiy i?eeaae?a:
aeey aecia/aiiy aaeaac?eii? cae?aiino? — eiino?oeoe?? ANEO? »
i.Ia??oiieue, caeaoiino? aei ca?yaeaeaiiy — AEO? «Aaoii?iiiie?eooy»
i.Euea?a.

Anoaiiaeaiiy iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee o?eo aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai
ii?ioeiaiai iaianaiiy oa aea?? aeo?aeii? neeiooai?thth/i? nenoaie .

I?e aeaeo?inoaoe/iiio iaianaii? aaaeeea?oith oiiaith aaeaac?? ii?ioe?a
aei iaoaeaai? aeaoae? ? caaacia/aiiy ?o ieoiiiai aeaeo?iiii?o () a?eueoa
1012 Ii.i. A ?ac? eaaeioiieeo neeiii?ioe?a, ui aeiaeththoue o
oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae? 800-820iN, cia/aiiy ?o nooo?ai iaio?.
Iaiao?aei? cia/aiiy oe??? aeanoeaino? aeinyaathoue oeyoii iaianaiiy ia
?o iiaa?oith niaoe?aeueieo a?ae?ioiaieo iie?ia?ieo ie?aie, i?ioa iaa?oue
i?e aeei?enoaii? oeeo ie?aie aeaeaei ia eiaeia neei i?eaeaoia aeey
aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy, ai, ia iao iiaeyae, ae?ioaeueiei oaeoi?ii
caeeoa?oueny eiai aeaniee aeaeo?iiii?. Oiio aieiaiei e?eoa?i?i aeai?o
aeoiaeii? neeiooai?thth/i? nenoaie aoa ieoiiee aeaeo?iiii? ?? noaeie.

A ca’yceo c iniaeeainoyie oi?ioaaiiy aiaeaaiai iie?eooy i?e
iaeii?aciaiio aeiaei a?oioiaiai oa iie?iaiiai oa?ia nooeo ii?ioeia, ui
iaianaii aeaeo?inoaoe/iei caniaii, a oiiaao oaieiia?aaea/i, yei
i?eioeeiiai aiae?iciythoueny aiae oeo, ui iathoue iinoea i?e
o?aaeeoeieiiio aiaethaaiii, eiee nii/aoeo aeiaeththoue aieueo ooaioiieee
a?oio, a iioii iiaa?o a?oioo — iie?iaio aiaeue, aaaeeeaei e?eoa?i?i aoa
aeciai eiiieaen ?aieiai/ieo aeanoeainoae ?icieaaia a?oioiai? oa
iie?iaii? aiaeae, a oaeiae niiaaiaeiioaiiy ?o cia/aiue. Aei ieo aoee
aiaeianaii a’yce?nii oa?aeoa?enoeee ?icieaaia (iioa?aae oiieinoi — t,
oaiia?aoo?a ii/aoeo i eiioey ?ici’yeoaiiy-ti e te, eiaoioei?io oiieinoi
It), ?o cii/oaaeueia caeiaiinoue (, iN) oa iiaa?oiaaee iaoya (, iI/i).

Aiaenooi?noue iioi?iaoe?? i?i oe? aeanoeaino? aeey aiaeae, ui iaiinyoue
ca ?aaeeiii “ 2 oa?e — 1 aeiae”, iaoiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ?o aecia/aiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii c aeei?enoaiiyi ye aoaeiiieo a?oioiai?
(R-1184) oa iie??aii? (R-1512) caei?aeiiieo o?eo.

Aea/aiiy oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? lg ii?ioe?a aoaeiiieo o?eo a
oaiia?aoo?iiio iioa?aaei 20-150 iN (?en.1) iieacaei, ui nii/aoeo i?e
iaa??aaiii aiae eiiiaoii? oaiia?aoo?e aei 100 iN aeaeo?iiii?
iiaeaeuo-aaany, aeinyaath/e aeayeeo cia/aiue, a iioii cieaeoaaany. I?e
ioieiaeaeaiii c?aceia cia/aiiy aacia?a?aii c?inoaee. Oei aeaii iiaeia
iiynieoe ianooiiei /eiii. Ia?ainia c?inoaiiy iaoiiaeaii cieaeaiiyi
aieiainoi ii?ioeia i /a?ac oa — iiaa?oiaai? i?iaiaeeiinoi. Iiaeaeueoa
cieaeaiiy aiaeaoaaeinue caaaeyee iiaeaeuaiith ?ooiiinoi eoaeieo iiiia —
aieiaieo iini?a no?oio a oeeo noaeeao. Aeeeaaeaia iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
i?aeoe/ii iiiioiiiei c?inoaiiyi ?icaeyiooeo e?eaeo i?e

a) R — 1184. a) R — 1512.

?en. 1. Oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue ieoiiiai aeaeo?iiii?o

ii?ioe?a aoaeiiieo o?eo

— e?eaa iaa??aaiiy, i — e?eaa ioieiaeaeaiiy.

ioieiaeaeaiii, eiee aieea aieiaino? aoa iacia/iei, a oaeiae oei oaeoii,
ui i?ney 12-aiaeeiii? aeo?eiee neeiii?ioe?a o iaaa?iaoe/i?e aiioe? i?e
20iN cia/aiiy cieaeoaaeenue aei ii/aoeiaeo. Cia/aiiy i?e 150iN
ii?ioe?a iie??aii? o?eoe aeaui ia?aaeuoaaee aeey a?oioiaiai ii?ioeo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae aoaeiiieo o?eo iieacaei, ui
iiaia ?ici’yeoaiiy iie??aii? aiae? (teR-1512=725C) ianoa? i?ney
caaa?oaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano o a?oioa (teR-1184=639C). ?ioa?aae oiieino?
iie??aii? aiae? (tR-1512=179C) a?eueoee i?ae o a?oioa (tR-1184=97C). I?e
o?aaeeoe?eiiio aiaethaaii? iineiaeiai?noue oeeo i?ioean?a i?ioeeaaeia.

E?euee?nia ioe?iea i?ioeano oiieino?, yeo aecia/aee ca cia/aiiyie
eiao?oe??ioo oiieino?, naiae/eoue i?i aieueoo iioaineaiinoue oeueiai
i?ioeano o a?oioa, iiae o iie?iaiii aiaei (?en.2).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui cii/oaaeueia caeiaiinoue a?oioiai? o?eoe ii aiaeiioaiith
aei noaeaaiai noano?aoo nooo?ai ia?aaeuo? oeth aeanoeainoue uiaei
iie?iaii? o?eoe ii aiaeiioaiith aei a?oioiaiai i?ioa?eo: t=20R-1184 =
600oC; t=20R-1512 = 705oC. Oea naiae/eoue i?i aieueo aaaiiee aianie a
i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy iie?eooia c oeeo o?eo a’yceinoi ye aiaeia?aaeaiiy
no?oeoo?ii? iioeiinoi neea a ia’?ii, iiae iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao, ui ?
ooieoei?th iiaeiieaeoey?ieo nee ia eiai iiaa?oiaaiio oa?i.

Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey io?eiaiiy yeinieo iie?eooia ca ?aaeeiii «2
oa?e — 1 aeiae» iaiaoiaeii aeio?eioaaoenue oaeiai ae niiaaiaeiioaiiy
cia/aiue iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao a?oioiai? oa iie?iaii? aiaeae, ye i i?e
o?aaeeoeieiiio aiaethaaiii, oiaoi a?oioa > iie?iaii? aiaei:

R-1184 = 283 iI/i, R-1512 = 263 iI/i, aeey aeeeth/aiiy aeeiaeoeaieo
i?ioea-n?a.

Ui ae aei cia/aiue aeaeo?iiii?o, neeiii?ioee aac a?ae?ioia?coth/i?
iaieiiee iiaeii? iaoe 150>107 Ii.i. Oiio i?e ?ic?iaoe? a?o/eciyieo o?eo
ye aeo?aeio neeiooai?thth/o nenoaio aoei ia?aii nenoaio CaO-B2O3-Al2O3
(Cabal), noaeea yei? iathoue iaeaeu? na?aae a?aeiieo ieneaeieo noaeie
cia-/aiiy ieoiiiai ia’?iiiai aeaeo?i-iii?o, caaaeyee /iio iaeia c ieo c
400i= 1012 Ii.i aoei ia?aia ye aaciaa. Aea aiii iaei iaiaaeaio
cii-/oaaeueio caeaoiinoue, oiio aoei aecia-ii ca aeioeieueia aeiaeaoe
aei eiai neeaaeo ieneae iao?ith a eieueeinoi aei 20 iie.% oa SiO2, ye
ae?oaee neeiooai?thaa/.

Neioac oa aeine?aeaeaiiy noaeie inaaaeiiio??eii? nenoaie Cabal-Na2O-SiO2

Aea/aii neeiooai?aiiy a /anoeii inaaaeiiio?ieii? nenoaie
Cabal-Na2O-SiO2, ui iaiaaeaia 70 iie.% SiO2 oa 20 iie.% Na2O.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e 1200iN ??ciee ??aaiue e?enoae?caoe?? niinoa??aaany
a i’yoe c iaeeiaaeoeyoe neeaae?a; i?e 1250iN — a aeaio, ye?
ciaoiaeyoueny a /anoei? nenoaie, caaaa/ai?e ae?ieneaeii e?aii?th
(?en.3). Oiio aeey aeineiaeaeaiue aoee caa?aii i?e 1250iN noaeea
neeaaeia ?? 1-8,10, eio?i aoee iiae??aiai? aei iiaiiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy
e??cue neoi ? 071.

Aea/aii aieea aieiainoi neeiii?ioeia ia ?o . Anoaiiaeaii aaee-eee aianie
iiaa?oiaai? i?iaaeiinoi: iiaeaeuaiiy aiaeiinii? aieiainoi ia 1,5-7%
i?ecaiaeeei aei ciaioaiiy aeey ?icieo noaeie ia (10…103) Ii·i.

Oaiia?aoo?io caeaaeiinoue aeaeo?iiii?o iiaeaeueieo noaeie, oa?ae-oa?
yei? a ?aaeeiao iaa??aaiiy oa ioieiaeaeaiiy aiaeia?/iee aei iiaeiaii?
caeaaeiinoi aeey aoaeiiieo o?eo, aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeaieo, io?eiaieo i?e ioieiaeaeaiii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aiia
i?aeii?yaeeiaaia ?iaiyiith ?aoa-Oii?ienaia (?en.4 a,a). O anio
iiaeaeueieo noaeie cia/aiiy aeyaeeenue cia/ii ieae/eie, iiae o aaciaiai
neea Cabal (?1). Anoaiiaeaii cieaeaiiy i?e caiiii /anoee Cabal ia
SiO2, a oaeiae i?e iiaeaeuaiii aiinoo eoaeieo iiiia.

a) 1200IN. a) 1250 IN.

?en. 3. Neeiooai?aiiy a /anoei? inaaaeiiio??eii? nenoaie

Cabal – Na2O – SiO2

Aeineiaeaeaiiy ?aieiai/ieo aeanoeainoae iiaeaeueieo noaeie ? a?oioiai?
aiaei YOA-6, ?ic?iaeaii? a OAeIO aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy,
iieacaei, ui oieueee aeayei c ieo iathoue iio?iaii cia/aiiy oeeo
aeanoeainoae aeey aeiaeo ?acii c YOA-6 ca ?aaeeiii «2 oa?e — 1 aeiae».

Iaoaiaoe/iith ia?iaeith io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia anoaiiaeaii ca-eaaei?noue
aeaeo?iiii?o, aieiainoi ii?ioeia, iioa?aaeo oiieinoi aiae neeaaeo neea
(?en.5.). Iaea?eueo aeinoia??iith caeaaei?noue lg a?ae
ni?aa?ae-iioaiiy [Na2O]/[Cabal] aeey yei? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia
a?aeoeeaiiy r2 aei??aith?oueny 0,97, oiae? ye r2 aeey caeaaeiino? (a) —
0,87; (a) — 0,82; (a) — 0,68; (a) — 0,88. Ia iiaenoaai eiiieaeniiai
iiaeoiaeo aei aeanoeainoae noaeie, a oaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi
iaiaoiaeiinoi iiiiiicoaaoe iinoeinoue aei?iaeo i aeaoioeeoieo a oiiaao
Oe?a?ie eiiiiiaioia na?aae iiaeaeueieo noaeie aoee ia?aii oi, ui iaee
iaeaieueo iioeiaeueiee eiiieaen aeanoeainoae: ?? 6-8.

Aoea aea/aia iiaeeeainoue iiaeaeuaiiy ca ?aooiie iieieoaeiiai aoaeoo
aeaeo?iiii?o ii?ioeia iiaeaeueieo noaeie, yeee aoa cia/ii iaioei, iiae o
aaciaiai neea, /a?ac iayaiinoue Na2O, iniaeeai o noaeie c eiai 20 iie.%
aiinoii. O iiaeaeueieo noaeie c aeaiiiey?iei niiaaiaeii-oaiiyi ieneaeia
iao?ith oa eaeith aeyaeaii c?inoaiiy . Aieueoi ciiie niinoa?iaaeenue o
noaeie c 20 iie.% R2I a ii?iaiyiii ci noaeeaie, ui iinoyoue eeoa 10
iie.% R2I (?en.4 a,a).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui caiiia Na2O ia K2O nooo?ai ia aieeaa? ia ?aieiai/ii
aeanoeainoi ?icieaaia noaeie. A ?acoeueoaoi aiaeico eiiieaeno
aeanoeainoae na?i? iiaeaeueieo noaeie c aeaiia eoaeieie ieneaeaie (??
12-14) ye neeiiao?eoeth aeey iiaeaeueoiai neioaco aiaeae aeey
aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai aiaethaaiiy ca ?aaeeiii “2 oa?e – 1 aeiae” aoei ia?aii
neei ?13 . Oea neei ia? aenieee ieoiiee aeaeo?iiii? (lg 150i = 8,8),
iaeoe?oee iioa?aae oiieinoi (t =151iN), ui aiaeiiaiaea ca oai
ia?aoo?aie ii/aoeo i eiioey ?ici’yeoaiiy a?oioo YOA-6. Oeyoii ?ic?aooieo
A caaeii A.A. Aiiaio i ca aeiiiiiaith ?* niaeo?ineiii? aoei anoaiiaeaii,
ui ai? a neeiiao?eoei ciaoiaeeoueny a iio?ieiie, a aethiiiie — a
/aoaa?iie eii?aeeiaoei?, caaaeyee /iio no?oeoo?a neea aeinoaoiuei iioeia
aeey caaacia/aiiy aenieeo cia/aiue aeaeo?iiii?o i i?e

oeueiio ?ooiia. Iaeiae aoei iio?iaii iieiioeoe eiai cii/oaaeueio
caeiaiinoue oa cieceoe cia/aiiy iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao.

?ic?iaea neeaae?a iie??aii? o?eoe aeey io?eiaiiy aiaeaaeo iie?eoo?a
aaaeaaiai eieuei?o.

Aea/aia iiaeeeainoue iieiioaiiy cii/oaaeueii? caeiaiinoi neeiiao?eoei
oeyoii aaaaeaiiy aei ?? neeaaeo ooi?eaeo eaeueoeith. Ca aeiiiiiaith I*
niaeo?ineiii? anoaiiaeaii, ui eii?aeiiaoeieiee noai A3+ e Al3+ ia
ciiieany, a cii/oaaeueia caeiaiinoue cia/ii iieiioeeanue: oaiia?aoo?a,
i?e yeie e?aeiaee eoo cii/oaaiiy noaiiaeoue 20a?aae., cieceeanue c 840°N
aei 760°N aaea i?e aaaaeaiii 4% CaF2. Iioeiaeueio ae eieueeinoue
ooi?eaeo eaeueoeith (6 ian.%), iaiaoiaeio aeey aeaiieiia?icaoei? ea?eano
neeiiao?eoei, ui caaacia/eoue cieaeaiiy a’yceinoi ?icieaao aac nooo?aiai
iiaeaeuaiiy eaaeioiieinoi, aoei anoaiiaeaii c o?aooaaiiyi eiai
eeneioiinoi, yea ioeiithaaeanue ca A.Aieiai-N.Aaoeaiiaei ia iiaenoaai
?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaaaoeaiinoi ?icieaaa, ui aei?iaithaaea 368.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy yeiniiai aeooiiiy iie?iaii? aiaei, ui iaiineee ia
iioaineaii caaa?aeaiee ei?e/iaai-/i?iee a?oio YOA-6, aei neeaaeo
neeiiao?eoei aianee 17 iie.% aeiieneaeo oeoaio. ?OA oeia? aiaei iieacaa,
ui ?? neeaae caaacia/ea e?enoae?caoeith TiO2 o oi?ii ?ooeeo, ui noai?eei
ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey caaa?aeaiiy i?e aaaaeaiii iaeeo aeiaeaoeia
ieneae?a o?iio, ia?aaioey oa caeica. Aeineiaeaeaiiy ?o aieeao ia
aeaeo?iiii? ii?ioeia o?eo iieacaei, ui iaeaieueoi cia/aiiy ia? o?eoa
YO-15, yea iinoeoue 1,9 % MnO oa 0,2 % Cr2O3 (lg 150i = 8,9). Aaaaeaiiy
aeaio aiaenioeia Fe2O3 aeaui cieceei aeaeo?iiii? aei lg 150i = 8,4.

?ic?iaeaii aaaeaa? iie?eooy c eii?aeeiaoaie eieuei?o x = 0,4928, y=
0,4111 oa aeyioeai 88 % iaee o?ii/io oa oa?iinoieeinoue, yei
aiaeiiaiaeathoue aeiiaai AeNOO 2204-93.

Aeine?aeii-i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? o?eoe

Aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia aaoiiaoeciaai?e e?i?? aeaeo?inoaoe/-iiai
ii?ioeiaiai aiaethaaiiy noaeaaeo aeaoaeae aaciaeo oa aeaeo?e/ieo ieeo
caaiaea iaa??aaeueii? aia?aoo?e AAO “Acia”, i.Ia??oiieue.

I?iieneiao aa?eo o?eoe YOI-1 cae?enithaaee a iaa?oia?e ia/? i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 1250iN ai?iaeiaae 2,5 aiaeei. Iaea?aeaiee a?aioeyo
iiae??aithaaee oeyoii aeainooiaiaaiai a?a?iiiiieo c iaeii/aniith
ia?iaeith iiaa?oi? ii?ioeo a?ae?ioia?coth/ith ??aeeiith 136-4 AeNO 10834
ca aeith/ei oaoiieia?/iei ?aaeaiaioii. Aioiaee ii?ioie c ?ici??ii ca?iei
3-70 iei iaa aaeaac?th aei iaoaeaai? iniiae 95%, aeinoaoith caeaoi?noue
aei ca?yaeaeaiiy, aenieee ieoiiee aeaeo?iii?? (oaae.1). Oae? ia?aiao?e
ii?ioeo caaacia/eee eiai iaianaiiy i?e ?iai/?e iai?oc? ia
i?noieao?-?icieethaa/? 60-70 eA, ui ia 10 eA ieae/a, i?ae aeey
caei?aeiiii? o?eoe R-1512. Iaeii?aciaee aeiae aeaioa?iaiai
(a?oio-iie??a) iie?eooy i?iaiaeeee a aac?ia?oe?ei?e aeaeo?e/i?e ia/? i?e
800-820°N. Caaaeueia oiaueia iaoiieaiiai iie?eooy neeaaeaea 170-200 iei.

?ic?iaeaia o?eoa ca nai?ie ia?aiao?aie ia iinooia?oueny caei?aeiiiei
(oaae.1), a caaaeyee aiaenooiinoi a ?? neeaaei aei?iaeo eiiiiiaioia
cia/ii aeaoaaoa. Oea aeicaieeei ai?iaaaeeoe o?eoo YOI-1 o ae?iaieoeoai
aaciaeo oa aeaeo?e/ieo ieeo.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?ic?iaeaii? oa a?aeiieo

iie??aieo o?eo oa iie?eoo?a

Aeanoea?noue, iaeeieoey aei??thaaiiy Cia/aiiy aeey o?eoaeey
aeaeo?inoaoeeeo?aaeeoe?eia

aaaeaaaR-1512YOI-11. ?ioa?aae oiieino?, N ti-te

t546-725

179555-712

157579-741

1622. Oaiia?aoo?a, i?e ye?e = 20 a?aae, N7057017603. Iiaa?oiaaee iaoya
, iI/i2632582654. OEE?, 10 6, a?aae-19,99,79,55. Ieoiiee aeaeo?iii??
ii?ioe?a, 150, Iii4,91077,71086,31056. Aaeaac?y, %90-9590-95<107. ?iai/a iai?oaa iaianaiiy, eA70-8060-70-8. Caeaoi?noue aei ca?yaeaeaiiy - no?oi ia?aiino, ieA10-1210-12-9. Oaiia?aoo?a aeiaeo , N800-820800-820820-84010. Caaaeueia oiaueia iie?eooy, iei170-200170-200250-30011. Eie??a?eeeaaaeaaeeaaaeaaee12. O?i?/ia no?ee?noue, eeanAAA13. Oa?i?/ia no?ee?noue, a?aeiia?aei?noue AeNOO 2204-93a?aeiia?aea?a?aeiia?aea?a?aeiia?aea?14. Ao?aoe aiae? i?e iaianaii?, %554015. Aa?o?noue, oen.a?i./o4,03,03,0 Aeiiiii/iee aoaeo aiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? o?eoe oieueee ca ?aooiie ?? iaioi? aa?oinoi anoaiiaeth? 40 oen.a?i o ?ie. Oaeei /eiii, aeine?aeii-i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy neioaciaaii? o?eoe i?aeoaa?aeeee iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe aeaii? ?iaioe. ?o iiaeaeueoa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaea aooe aoaeoeaiei i?e ae?iaieoeoa? ?ioi? aiaeueiaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? c oiiei-eenoiai? noae?, iai?eeeaae, nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/iiai ni?oaiaioo. AENIIAEE 1. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai iniiae neioaco neeio?eo eaaeioiieeo naioei-caaa?aeaieo iie?eooia aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai ii?ioeiaiai aiaethaaiiy ae?ia?a c oiieieenoiai? noae? ca ?aaeeiii "2 oa?e - 1 aeiae", yei iieyaathoue a caaacia/aiii aenieiai ieoiiiai aeaeo?iiii?o neeiii?ioeia oa iaaiiai niiaaiaeiioaiiy ?aiei-ai/ieo aeanoeainoae ?icieaaia: aieueo oe?oiai iioa?aaeo oiieinoi, iaioiai iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao oa cii/oaaeueii? caeiaiinoi iie?iaii? aiaei, iiae a?oioiai?. 2. ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaeniee iaoiaeieiai/iee iiaeoiae aei aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eo aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi niaoeiaeueieo iaoiaeee oa i?eno?i?a, ?ic?iaeaieo aeey eiio?ieth ?o oaoiieiai/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Noai?aii iiao iaoiaeeeo aeineiaeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae neeiii?ioeia aac aiae?ioiaicoth/i? iaieiiee. 3. Iaa?oioiaaii aeai? aeoiaeii? neeiooai?thth/i? nenoaie CaO-B2O3-Al2O3 (Cabal), noaeea a yeie iathoue iaeaieueoi cia/aiiy ieoiiiai aeaeo?iiii?o na?aae aiaeiieo ienaeieo noaeie, oa aaciaiai neea. 4. Aeineiaeaeaii neeiooai?aiiy a inaaaeiiio?ieiie nenoaii Cabal-Na2O-SiO2, aeaeo?iiii? ii?ioeia iiaeaeueieo noaeie oa ?aieiai/ii aeanoeainoi ?o ?icieaaia. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiaeia anoaiiaeaii aca?iica'ycie iiae neeaaeii, aieiainoth oa caaaeaieie aeanoeainoyie iiaeaeueieo noaeie. 5. Oeyoii ?aaoethaaiiy eii?aeeiaoeieiiai noaio eaoiiiia ai?o i aethiiiith oa aeei?enoaiiy iieieoaeiiai aoaeoo iioeiiciaaii neeaae neeiiao?eoei aeey iaea?aeaiiy eaaeioiieeo o?eo c aenieeie cia/aiiyie ieoiiiai aeaeo?iiii?o ii?ioe?a (150i>108 Ii .i).

6. ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?OA oa niaeo?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaaaeaii, ui
aeey io?eiaiiy na?oeicaaa?aeaieo eaaeioiieeo iie?eoo?a iaiao?aeia
e?enoae?caoe?y ae?ieneaeo oeoaio a oi?i? ?ooeeo.

7. ?ic?iaeaii eaaeioiieo aaaaoieoaeio iie?iaio o?eoo aeey iaea?aeaiiy
naioeicaaa?aeaiiai aiaeaaiai iie?eooy, ui ia iinoeoue aaaaoieiooiaieo
aeaoioeeoieo eiiiiiaioia, aeey ?aaeicaoei? a oiiaao Oe?a?ie iiaioii?
aeieia/ii aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa?iaath/i? oaoiieiai? aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai
aiaethaaiiy ca ?aaeeiii “2 oa?e — 1 aeiae” c oaiia?aoo?ith aeiaeo
800-820iN.

8. Aiaei?aoeueiaaii oaoiieiai/ii ia?aiao?e aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy
neioaciaaii? o?eoe o ae?iaie/io oiiaao oa caeieniaii ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ia aeaoae aeaeo?e/ieo i aaciaeo ieeo.

Iniiaii iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii a oaeeo ?iaioao

1. A?aaeia E.E., ?acieeiaa A.A.,Aa?aeiee E.A. Aeeyiea aeaaeiinoe
noaeeiii?ioeia ia eo nii?ioeaeaiea // Aanoiee OAIO.- Aui.18.-Oa?ueeia:
OAIO.- 1998.- N.106-108.

Aaoi?ii iaaaaeaii aeai i?i aianie iiaa?oiaai aeaeo?ii?iaaeiino
neeiaiaeae a aeaeo?e/i aeanoeaino ii?ioe a c ieo.

2. Aa?aeiee E.A., A?aaeia E.E., Neieoeui I.I. Aeeyiea iieeuaei/iiai
yooaeoa ia yeaeo?inii?ioeaeaiea noaeie nenoaiu Cabal-R2O-SiO2// Aanoiee
OAIO.- Aui.18.- Oa?ueeia: OAIO.- 1998.- N.116-118.

Aaoi?ii anoaiiaeaii aieea noinii i?enooiino ieneaea eaeth oa iao?th ia
ieoiiee aeaeo?iii? noaeie nenoaie Cabal-R2O-SiO2.

3. A?aaeia E.E., Neieoeui I.I., Aa?aeiee E.A., Aac?o/ei A.A.
Aeaoonoaaeee-iia yeaeo?inoaoe/aneia yiaee?iaaiea // Nai?iee iao/iuo
o?oaeia OAIO.- Aui.6.- Oa?ueeia: OAIO.- 1998.-*.III.- N.13-15.

Aaoi?ii anoaiiaeaii caeaaeinoue ieoiiiai aeaeo?iiii?o neeiii?ioea aeey
aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy aae o neeaaeo.

4. Aa?aeiee E.A. Naaoeiie?aoaiiua oeoaiiaua yiaee aeey
yeaeo?inoaoe-/aneiai iaianaiey ia noaeue // Aanoiee OAIO.- Aui. 33.-
Oeiey, oeie/aneay oaoiieiaey e yeieiaey.- 1999.- N.32-34.

5. Aa?aeiee E.A., Neieoeui I.I. Eiiieaeniay iaoiaeeea eco/aiey naienoa
noaeeio?eoo aeey yeaeo?inoaoe/aneiai yiaee?iaaiey // Aanoiee OAIO.-
Aui.43.- Oa?ueeia: OAIO.- 1999.- N.127-131.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaenio iaoiaeeeo aea/aiiy aeanoeainoae neeio?eo
oa ii?ioea c ieo aeey aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai aiaethaaiiy.

6. A?aaeia E.E., Aeoeiaa I.A., Aa?aeiee E.A. Iniaaiiinoe neioaca
noaeeio?eoo aeey yeaeo?inoaoe/aneiai iaianaiey // O?oaeu Oe?aeineiai
einoeoooa noaeea..- Eiinoaioeiiaea: Oe?AEN.- 1997.-N.71-76.

Aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy noaeie Cabal ye iniiae
aeey iaea?aeaiiy neeiiao?eoe? c aenieei ieoiiei aeaeo?iiii?ii.

7. A?aaeia E.E., Aeoeiaa I.A., Aa?aeiee E.A., Neieoeui I.I. ?aieiaey
?anieaaia aeaooneieiuo noaeeiyiaeaauo iie?uoee // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?.
iao/ii-oaoie/. eiio. «Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea,
oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea».-Oa?ueeia — Ieoeieueoe —
Iaaaeaao?a.- 1997.- *.4.- N.12-15

Aaoi?ii anoaiiaeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy cia/aiue iniiaieo ?aieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa-?enoee neei?icieaa?a aiaeae i?e iaea?aeaii? iie?eoo?a ca
?aaeeiii “2 oa?e- 1 aeiae”

8. A?aaeia E.E., Aa?aeiee E.A., Neieoeui I.I. Yeaeo?e/aneea naienoaa
noaeeiyiaeae aeey yeaeo?inoaoe/aneiai iaianaiey // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?.
eiio. «I?iiuoeaiiinoue no?ieiaoa?eaeia e no?ieei-aeono?ey, yia?ai- e
?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee».- Oii 2.- Aaeai?iae:
AaeaOANI.- 1997.- N.17-22.

Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaii oaiia?aoo?io caeaaei?noue ieoiiiai aeaeo?iiii?o
neeiii?ioe?a oa anoaiiaeaia iiaeeea?noue eiai nooo?aiai i?aeaeuaiiy
oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy iie?eoaeiiai aoaeoo.

9. A?aaeia E.E., Eacaeaae/ A.I., Eiaaa Y.ss., Aeoeiaa I.A., Aa?aeiee
E.A. Iaeioi?ua caeiiiia?iinoe aaeaaceiiiuo i?ioeannia i?e
yeaeo?inoaoe/aneii iaianaiee noaeeiyiaeaauo ii?ioeia // O?oaeu
Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. «Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea,
oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea».- Oii 2.- Oa?ueeia- Ieoeieueoe:
OAIO, IO.- 1995.- N.50.

Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaii aaeaac?ei? i?ioeane i?e aeaeo?inoaoe/iiio
iaianaii? ii?ioe?a iiae??aiaii? o?eoe.

10. A?aaeia E.E., Eiaaa Y.ss., Aeoeiaa I.A., Eeeiaiei A.I., Aieei A.E.,
Aa?aeiee E.A. Inaiaiea ia?aaeiaie oaoiieiaee yiaee?iaaiey oiieieenoiaie
noaee a oneiaeyo eiiaa?nee // Oac. Ana?in. niaau. «Iaoea e oaoiieiaey
neeeeaoiuo iaoa?eaeia a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo ?uii/iie
yeiiiieee».-Iineaa.- 1995.- N.205.

Aaoi?ii iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i ia?o? i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo
o?eo.

11. A?aaeia E.E., Aeoeiaa I.A., Neieoeui I.I., Aa?aeiee E.A.
Iioeiecaoeey oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia yeaeo?inoaoe/aneiai iaianaiey
iie?uoee // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. «Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea,
oaoieea, oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea».- Oii 1.- Oa?ueeia-
Ieoeieueoe- Iaaaeaao?a: OAIO, IO, IOO.- 1996.- N.142.

Aaoi?ii iioei?ciaaii oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy
?ic?iaeaieo o?eo.

AIIOAOeI?.

Aa?aeiee I.A. Eaaeioiiei naioeicaaa?aeaii neeiaiaei aeey
aeaeo?inoaoe/iiai iaianaiiy ia noaeue.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 05.17.11 — oaoiieiaiy ooaiieaaeeo iaiaoaei/ieo
iaoa?iaeia, Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee iieioaoii/iee oiiaa?neoao, Oa?eia,
1999?.

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoei iaoeiaeo iniia neioaco eaaeioiieeo
naioeicaaa?aeaieo iie?iaieo neeiaiaeae aeey iaianaiiy ii?ioeiaei
aeaeo?inoaoe/iei caniaii ia noaeue ca ?aaeeiii “2 oa?e — 1 aeiae”. A
aeena?oaoei? anoaiiaeaii iniiaii aeiiae aei aeanoeainoae o?eo, ui
iaiinyoue a aeaeo?inoaoe/iiio iiei oa aeiaeththoue ca caaaeaiei
?aaeeiii. Aeineiaeaeaii neeiooai?aiiy a /anoeii inaaaeiiio?ieii? nenoaie
Cabal-Na2O-SiO2, a oaeiae aeaeo?e/ii oa ?aieiai/ii aeanoeainoi noaeie,
ui ooai?ththoueny. Oeyoii ?aaoethaaiiy eii?aeeiaoeieiiai noaio eaoiiiia
ai?o i aethiiiith oa aeei?enoaiiy iieieoaeiiai aoaeoo iioeiiciaaii
neeaae neeiiao?eoei c ?aaoethiith iioeiinoth no?oeoo?e ci caa?iaaiiyi ??
?ooiiinoi aeey iaea?aeaiiy eaaeioiieeo o?eo c aenieei ieoiiei
aeaeo?iiii?ii (150i>108 Ii.i). Ia aaci oei? neeiiao?eoei neioaciaaii
o?eoo, ui aoea ai?iaaaeaeaia o ae?iaieoeoai iiaooiai? aia?aoo?e.
Iaaaaeaii aeaii ?? aeiiiii/ii? aoaeoeaiiinoi.

Eeth/iai neiaa: aeaeo?inoaoe/ia ii?ioeiaa iaianaiiy, eaaeioiieinoue,
naioeicaaa?aeaia neeiaiaeue, “2 oa?e — 1 aeiae”, neeiiao?eoey,
aeaeo?iii?, inaaaeiiio?eia nenoaia Cabal-Na2O-SiO2.

Aa?aeiee E.A. Eaaeiieaaeea naaoeiie?aoaiiua noaeeiyiaee aeey
yeaeo?inoaoe/aneiai iaianaiey ia noaeue.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.17.11 — oaoiieiaey ooaiieaaeeo iaiaoaeee/aneeo
iaoa?eaeia, Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao,
Oa?ueeia, 1999a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iao/iuo iniia neioaca eaaeiieaaeeo
naaoeiie?aoaiiuo iie?iaiuo noaeeiyiaeae aeey iaianaiey ii?ioeiaui
yeaeo?inoaoe/aneei niiniaii ia noaeueiua aeaoaee auoiaie aiia?aoo?u ii
?aaeeio “2 neiy — 1 iaaeea”, eioi?ua caeeth/athony a iaania/aiee
aunieiai oaeaeueiiai yeaeo?inii?ioeaeaiey noaeeiii?ioeia e
ii?aaeaeaiiiai niioiioaiey ?aieiae/aneeo naienoa ?anieaaia: aieaa
oe?ieiai eioa?aaea ieaaeinoe, iaiueoaai iiaa?oiinoiiai iaoyaeaiey e
nia/eaathuae niiniaiinoe iie?iaiie yiaee ii n?aaiaieth n a?oioii. A
aeenna?oaoeee iooai aeaoaeueiiai eco/aiey no?oeoo?iuo oa?aeoa?enoee,
oaeaeueiiai yeaeo?inii?ioeaeaiey noaeeiii?iioeia e ?aieiae/aneeo naienoa
noaeei?anieaaia onoaiiaeai iaoaieci oi?ie?iaaiey caueoiuo eaaeiieaaeeo
noaeeiyiaeaauo iie?uoee, iaiineiuo a yeaeo?inoaoe/aneii iiea e
iaaeeaaaiuo a oeacaiiii ?aaeeia. ?ac?aaioai eiiieaeniue
iaoiaeieiaee/aneee iiaeoiae e eco/aieth o?eoo aeey yeaeo?inoaoee/aneiai
iaianaiey n eniieueciaaieai niaoeeaeueiuo iaoiaeeee e i?eai?ia,
?ac?aaioaiiuo aeey eiio?iey eo oaoiieiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee.
I?aaeeiaeaia iiaay iaoiaeeea enneaaeiaaieey yeaeo?e/aneeo naienoa
noaeeiii?ioeia aac aeae?ioiaece?othuae iaiei/ee. Iainiiaai auai?
enoiaeiie noaeeiia?acothuae nenoaiu CaO-B2O3-Al2O3 (Cabal) coaeea a
eioi?ie eiatho naiua aunieea cia/aiey oaeaeueiiai yeaeo?inii?ioeaeaiey
n?aaee ecaanoiuo ieneaeiuo noaeie e aaciaiai noaeea a yoie nenoaia.
Eco/aii noaeeiia?aciaaiea a /anoe inaaaeio?ieiie nenoaiu
Cabal-Na2O-SiO2, ia?aie/aiiie 70 iie.% SiO2 e 20 iie.% Na2O,
yeaeo?inii?ioaeaieea ii?ioeia iiaeaeueiuo noaeie e ?aieiae/anea naienoaa
eo ?anieaaia. N eniieueciaaieai iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoiaeia onoaiiaeaia
caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo ninoaaii noaeie, aeaaeiinoueth noaeeiii?ioeia e
oeacaiiuie naienoaaie. Iooai ?aaoee?iaaiey eii?aeeiaoeeiiiiai ninoiyieey
eaoeiiia ai?a e aethieiey e eniieueciaaiey iieeuaei/iiai yooaeoa
?ac?aaioaia noaeeiiao?eoea aeey neioaca eaaeiieaaeeo iiiaiuaei/iuo
noaeie a nenoaia R2O-CaO-B2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 n aunieei oaeaeueiui
yeaeo?inii?ioeaeaieai (150i>108 Ii.i). Ia iniiaa yoie noaeeiiao?eoeu
?ac?aaioaia eaaeiieaaeay o?eooa aeey iieo/aiey naaoeiie?aoaiiiai
noaeeiyiaeaaiai iie?uoey, ia niaea?aeauay aei?iaeeo e aeaooeeoiuo
eiiiiiaioia, aeey yeaeo?inoaoe/aneiai ii?ioeiaiai iaianaiey e iaaeeaa a
?aaeeia “2 neiy — 1 iaaeea”. Inouanoaeaia i?iiuoeaiiay aa?ea
?ac?aaioaiiie o?eoou. Iieo/aiiue a?aioeyo aue eciaeue/ai iooai
aeaoonooiai/aoiai aea?iiiiiea n iaeiia?aiaiiie aeae?ioiaecaoeeae
iiaa?oiinoe /anoeoe. Aioiaue ii?ioie n ?acia?ii ca?ai 3-70 iei eiae
aaeaaceth e iaoaeee/aneie iiaeeiaeea 95 %, aeinoaoi/ioth ca?yaeaaioth
niiniaiinoue, aunieia oaeaeueiia yeaeo?inii?ioeaeaiea 150i=7,7.108 Ii.i.
Oaeea ia?aiao?u ii?ioea iaania/eee aai iaianaiea i?e ?aai/ai iai?yaeaiee
ia ienoieaoa-?aniueeoaea 60-70 eA, /oi ia 10eA ieaea /ai aeey
ca?oaaaeiie o?eoou. ?ac?aaioaiiay o?eooa ii naiei ia?aiao?ai ia onooiaao
ca?oaaaeiui, a aeaaiaea?y ionoonoaeth a aa ninoaaa aei?iaeo eiiiiiaioia,
cia/eoaeueii aeaoaaea. Yoi iicaieeei aiaae?eoue aa a i?iecaiaenoai
aaciauo e yeaeo?iieeo. I?eaaaeaiu aeaiiua yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
?ac?aaioaiiie o?eoou.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeaeo?inoaoe/aneia ii?ioeiaia iaianaiea,
eaaeiieaaeinoue, naaoeiie?aoaiiay noaeeiyiaeue, “2 neiy — 1 iaaeea”,
noaeeiiao?eoea, yeaeo?inii?ioeaeaiea, inaaaeio?ieiay nenoaia
Cabal-Na2O-SiO2.

Berdnik I.V. Easymelted light-coloured vitreous enamels for
electrostatic spraing on steel.- Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate`s degree by speciality 05.17.11 — technology of
hardmelting non-metalic materials. Kharkiv State Polytechnical
University, Kharkov, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to making of scientific fundamentals of the
easy-melting light-coloured vitreous enamels synthesis for electrostatic
spraying on steel in conditions «two coats — one firing». The main
requirements to properties of frits for sprayings in electrical field
and firing in this regime were established. Glass-forming region in
pseudothreefold Cabal- Na2O3-SiO2 system and electrical and reological
properties of obtain glasses has been studied. Composition of
glass-matrix with regulated strength of obtain glasses structure for
synthesis of easyfused frits with high electrical resistance ( r150 >
108 Ohm·m) has been optimizated. On base this glass-matrix the frit was
synthesed and introduced in production of stoves. The data about
economic effect has been bringed.

Key words: electrical powder spraying, vitreous easymelted enamel, «two
coats — one firing», glass-matrix, electrical resistance,
pseudothreefold Cabal-Na2O-SiO2.

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