Комплексне програмно-цільове управління виробництвом лікарських засобів в умовах впровадження правил GMP на фармацевтичному підприємстві: Автореф. дис

OE?A?INUeEA OA?IAOeAAOE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

Caai??e Aieiaeeie? Aioiiiae/

OAeE 615.03:61 5.322

EIIIEAENIA I?IA?AIII-Oe?EUeIAA OI?AAE?IIss AE?IAIEOeOAII

E?EA?NUeEEO CANIA?A A OIIAAO AI?IAAAeAEAIIss I?AAEE GMP

IA OA?IAOeAAOE*IIIO I?AeI?E?INOA?

15.00.01- oaoiieia?y e?e?a oa i?iieneiaa oa?iaoe?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe??
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea,
I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaio?: aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

ss?ieo Oaoyia A?eai??aia

Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aioa/ii? oaoiieia?? e?e?a

aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eii?a Oaae?? Aiae??eiae/

Aea?aeaiee iaoeiaee oeaio? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo

?i’?eoe?eieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a

aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ia/a?nueeee Iao?i Iaaeiae/

Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? e?e?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a aioa/ii? oaoiieia?? e?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «18«/a?aiy1999 ?ieo i «10« aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.605.01 i?e Oe?a?inuee?e
oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 310002, i.Oa?e?a,
aoe.Iooe?inueea, 53.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaaeai?? (310168, i.Oa?e?a, aoe.Aethoa?a, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «14« o?aaiy 1999 p.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A?eoeaiei ?.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. sse?noue oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai oiaa?o, ye niaoeeo?/iiai
i?iaeoeoo, aoea ? aoaea a iie? ci?o ae?iaieea, iina?aaeieea, niiaeeaa/a,
aea?aeaae. Eiaeia e?a?ia, yea aeionea? ? iinoa/a? oa?iaoeaaoe/io
i?iaeoeoe?th, ia? nai? aeineoue aei?noe? aeiiae uiaei i?aai?caoe?? ?
oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii oa eiio?ieai yeino? e?e?a. Ioaea oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? ?iaeono??? ? niaoeeo?/iei, iniaeeai ia
oii? caaaeueieo iie?oe/ieo ? aeiiii?/ieo ci?i a Oe?a?i?.

Iaaecae/aeii na?eici? i?aai?caoe?ei? ci?ie, ca ei?ioeee /an, iia’ycai?
c? ci?iith oi?i aeaniino?, i?eaaoecaoe??th. ?eieiaa noeo?y,
eiieo?aioe?y, i?aeia?iaei? aeiiae GI? aei yeino? e?e?a, i?aeia?iaeia
ae?yeuei?noue noai?eee a?aeiia?aei? i?iaeaie a oi?aae?ii? i?aei?e?inoaii
ia no/aniiio aoai?.

Oiio i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaa aea/aiiy, iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy iniaeeainoae oa
niaoeeo?ee oi?aae?iiy oa?iaoeaaoe/iei i?aei?e?inoaii, a oiiaao ?eieo
iieyaa? o aa?iii?caoe?? ? eiiieaeniiio ??oaii? ae?iaie/eo,
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo oa eaae?iaeo i?iaeai, c oi/ee ci?o aeiia GI?:
oaoiieia?? “/enoeo i?ei?uaiue”, ae?iaieoeoaa, iaeaaeiaiiy, ia?niiaeo,
eiai i?ioan?eii? eaae?o?eaoe?? oa noaio caei?ia’y, a oiiaao oe?aeeeaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?i.

Iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue oe? i?iaeaie iaaoaathoue o ca’yceo c
i?iaieioaiiyi Oe?a?ie i?i iiaoaiia aoiaeaeaiiy aei ?a?iiaenueeiai
Nithco oa ia?aoiaeo on??? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iieneiaino? aei 2002 ?ieo
a?aeiia?aeii aeiia GI?. Ae??oaiiy iac??eeo i?iaeai ni?oea?oueny c
iaaieie o?oaeiiuaie: a?aenooi?noue aeina?aeo, iaeii/ania ae??oaiiy
aaaaoueio ??cieo ca iai?yieii, aea aca?iiiia’ycaieo i?iaeai.

Iaeiae aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iaeiie/ai? i?iaeaie, ca a?aenooi?noth /ano,
ne?ae ae??ooaaoe eiiieaenii. Ioaea, eiiieaenia i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaa
oi?aae?iiy ae?ia-ieoeoaii e?e?a, eiai iiaea?i?caoe?y ? ?aeiino?oeoe?y,
a?aeiia?aei?noue eaae?o?eaoe?? ia?niiaeo, a oiiaao ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
i?aaee GI? ia oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio i?aei?e?inoa?, ? iaaecae/aeii
aeooaeueiei.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC
Oe?a?ie (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01980009051).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy ? iaoeiaa
iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy
ae?iaieoeoaii e?ea?nueeeo cania?a a oiiaao aeio?eiaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo
aeiia GI? ? ia oe?e iniia? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeey cae?eniaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaie ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaaeaiiy:

Aea/aiiy, aiae?c iaeiie/aiiai aeina?aeo ?ioeo e?a?i na?oo c ieoaiue
ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aae?caoe??, i?aai?caoe?? oa eiio?ieth yeino? e?ea?nueeeo
cania?a.

Aecia/aiiy ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aea?? oa ?ic?iaea i?ea?iaeueieo
iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a oa aeueoa?iaoeaii? noaoenoeee.

I?iaaaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii-noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co caoai?thaaiino? c
oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? i?aoethth/eo.

Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy e?eoa???a aeai?o iioeiaeueieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
??oaiue ?aeiino?oeoe?? ? iiaea?i?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa oa?iaoeaaoe/ia
o??ia “Aea?ieoey”.

?ic?iaea, ao?eaiiy a i?aeoeeo oa oii?yaeeoaaiiy ii?iaoeaii? aace c
ieoaiue i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy ia?niiaeo, ?o aoanoaoe??.

Iioei?caoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui caaacia/othoue oiiae
aaca?aeo?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa ye?nieo
iieaciee?a ae?yeueiino? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie “Aea?ieoey”.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? i?iaaaeaii nenoaiia aea/aiiy eiiieaeniiai
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii c ae?iaieoeoaa
e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiia GI? oa oiia ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei.

Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? cai?iiiiiaai? oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? eiioeaiooaeuei?
i?aeoiaee uiaei i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa iiaea?i?caoe??
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai i?aei?e?inoaa, ca?aeii aeiia
GI?.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaiiy
ia?iaiaioiiai i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy oa aoanoaoe?? niaoe?ae?no?a,
caeiyoeo o noa?? noai?aiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe?? e?e?a.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? ? cai?iiiiiaai? iaeaoe ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a
i?aai?caoe?? ? noai?aiiy a?iiaaenueeeo oiaa?enoa, i???ioiaaieo ia caoeno
a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieea oa on?o noa’?eo?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ia iniia? iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie i?iaaaeaia oaoi?/ia ?aeiino?oeoe?y ?
iiaea?i?caoe?y oeaoo i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i oa oeaoo ?i’?eoe?eieo
?ic/ei?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie “Aea?ieoey” ca?aeii GI?.

Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? ai?iaaaeaeai? a ae?iaieoeoai oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie
“Aea?ieoey” no/ani? oaoiieia?/i? noaie i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa iacae
oa ?i’?eoe?eieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiia GI?.

Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? eiioeaioe?? aacia?a?aiiai i?neyaeeieiiiiai
iaa/aiiy oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ia?niiaeo oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai naeoi?o ioi?iie
caei?ia’y, noai?aia eaoaae?a i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? i?e Ee?anuee?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea.

Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i? “Aea?ieoey” ai?iaaaeaeaia
nenoaia eiiieaeniiai i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii
e?ea?nueeeo cania?a a oiiaao i?aaee GI?.

Ca i?aenoieaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo
?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa oa o??i oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? ?iaeono???, o iaa/aeueiee
i?ioean oa?ia-oeaaoe/ieo AOC?a:

iin?aiee “Eeoeaice?iaaiea a Aa?iiaeneii Nithca: oa?iaoeaaoe/aneee
naeoi?”;

?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aiae?co, eiio?ieth oa
aeio?eiaiiy nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/iiai, a?a??i?/iiai ? oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio
i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? a oiiaao aeiia GI? (caoaa?aeaeai?
Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iiii 30.01.98 ?.);

?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aiae?co caoai?thaaiino? c
oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? o ca’yceo c oiiaaie i?aoe? oa
aeio?eiaiiy noaiaea?o?a GI? ia i?aei?e?inoaao i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe??
(caoaa?aeaeai? Aea?aeeii-iaaea?ii?iiii 30.01.98 ?);

?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aiae?co eaae?iaiai neeaaeo
i?aoe?aiee?a i?aei?e?inoa oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? ?iaeono??? oa aecia/aiiy
iio?aae o ?o i?neyaeeieiii?e i?aeaioiaoe? (caoaa?aeaeai?
Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iiii 30.01.98 ?.);

Iieiaeaiiy i?i aaciaa i?aei?e?inoai i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? aeey eaoaae?
i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? ?inoeooo?a, aeaaeai?e, oaeoeueoao?a
ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa oaeineiiaeaiiy eaae??a ae?iaie/i? noa?e
(caoaa?aeaeaii iaeacii Aea?aeeii-iaaea?ii?iio ? 23 a?ae 25.02.98 ?.).

Iieiaeaiiy i?i aoanoaoe?th niaoe?ae?no?a o noa?? ?ic?iaee, noai?aiiy,
ae?iaieoeoaa, eiio?ieth yeino? oa iioiai? ?aae?caoe?? e?ea?nueeeo
cania?a (caoaa?aeaeaii iaeacii Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio ? 103 a?ae
30.09.97?.);

?ino?oeoeaiee eeno Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio “I?i aianaiiy aeiiiaiaiue aei
eieaeoeaieo aeiaiai??a” uiaei iaaeaaaie aei iinaaeiaiai ieeaaeo
ca eaae?o?eaoe?eio eaoaai??th a?ae 20.01.98 ?. ? 545/12-06-06;

Iieiaeaiiy i?i oiiaiiaaaeaio i?aai?caoe?th – Oeaio? aeey aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o
c noaiaea?oecaoe?? a aaeoc? iaaee/ii? i?iieneiaino? (caoaa?aeaeaii
ni?eueiei iaeacii I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie oa
Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio ? 69/162 a?ae 17.06.98 ?.);

Iieiaeaiiy i?i eaoaae?o i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? (caoaa?aeaeaii ?aeoi?ii
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe (EIAII);

iaeao o/aiai-iaoiaee/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??, a oiio /ene? iaa/aeuei? ieaie
oa i?ia?aie oeeee?a oaiaoe/iiai oaeineiiaeaiiy “i?iieneiaa oa?iaoe?y”
aeey niaoe?ae?no?a-iaiaaeaea??a i?iieneiaino? ii aeaioiaeaiith
e?ea?nueeeo cania?a (caoaa?aeaeai? a/aiith ?aaeith
iaaeeeii?io?eaeoe/iiai oa oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai oaeoeueoaoo EIAII);

iaeao ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a ii noai?aiith Oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? anioe?aoe??
Oe?a?ie (caoaa?aeaeaii aeaeaaaoaie ia?oiai onoaiia/iai c’?caeo
Oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? anioe?aoe?? Oe?a?ie).

Aeai? ?ic?iaee ao?eai? ? aeei?enoiaothoueny ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i?
“Aea?ieoey”, i?aei?e?inoaao oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie oa
o/aiaiio i?ioean? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe,
Oe?a?inueei? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaaeai??, Ee?anueeiai ? Euea?anueeiai
iaaee/ieo oi?aa?neoao?a,A?enueeiai-iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? I?iiai?iie
Oe?a?ie (aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 18.05.98.; 12.06.98.; 02.09.98.;
17.09.98.; 26.10.98.; 29.06.98.; 28.10.98.; 07.09.98.; 28.04.98);

I?aeoe/ia ao?eaiiy iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie c i?aai?caoe?? no/anieo
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ni?eyei i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? oa
yeino? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, ui noaa?aeaeo?oueny ieae/acacia/aiei:
Oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia “Aea?ieoey” ca inoaii? ?iee noaea aieiaea?ai i’yoe
i?aeia?iaeieo n??aieo ? iaei??? a?iiciai? iaaeae?, iaea?aeaieo ia ??cieo
y?ia?eao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a:

Iiooeoaa/ai naiino?eii cae?eniaii e?oa?aoo?iee iiooe c ieoaiue
i?aai?caoe?? oa aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy oa?iaoeaaoe/iei
i?aei?e?inoaii, ca?aeii i?aeia?iaeieo aeiia GI?.

?ic?iaeai? ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeaioiaee
i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaao aeio?eiaiiy ii?i oa noaiaea?o?a GI? ?
o/aiai-iaoiaee/ii? aace aeey cae?eniaiiy i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy
ia?niiaeo oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia i?ia?aia ?aeiino?oeoe?? ? iiaea?i?caoe??
ae?eueieoe? i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i oa oeaoo ?i’?eoe?eieo ?ic/ei?a
oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie “Aea?ieoey”.

I?aai?ciaaii ae?iaieoeoai ca?aeii aeiia GI? ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i?
“Aea?ieoey”: iacae (“No?aioii?oie”, “I?oaoeeae”, “I??ai?noei”) oa
?i’?eoe?eieo ?ic/ei?a (“AOO”, “O?eooacei”, “Ooi?o?aoeee”, “Aeeoee?i”,
“Aaioai?oeei”, “A?aea?i”).

I?iaaaeaii no?oeoo?ii-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? c oei/aniaith
ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? i?aoethth/eo a iniiaieo aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa i.Ee?aa.

3 aeayeeo i?iaeai iiooeoaa/ i?aoethaaa ?acii c i?io?eueieie eaoaae?aie
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, Aea?aeaaiei
iaoeiaei Oeaio?ii e?ea?nueeeo cania?a (Oa?e?a), Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iiii,
“Iaae?inoaoii” Ee?anueeiai Aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, eiia?anao,
c’?caeao: iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
iaaeaaia?ee aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa ee?i?/ii? iaaeeoeeie” (Aeiiaoeuee,
1995); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ia /anoue 5-??//y Oe?a?inueei?
anioe?aoe?? ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie (Ee?a, 1997); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 75-??//th Oe?a?inueei? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii?
aeaaeai?? (Oa?e?a, 1996); Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee iaaee/ieo oa oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo eaae??a Oe?a?ie”
(Iaeana, 1997); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 80-??//th
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe (Ee?a, 1998);
ia?oiio onoaiia/iio c’?cae? Oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? anioe?aoe?? Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii: 37 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ?c
ieo 2 iin?aieea, 21 noaooy o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao oa o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, 3 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa, 1 iaoaio ia aeiao?ae, 5 iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa Iieiaeaiue, 5 oac aeiiia?aeae ia eiioa?aioe?yo.

Co?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia ___
noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, i?noeoue 44 oaaeeoe?, 11 ?enoie?a oa oioi, ___
aeiaeaoe?a ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 5 ?icae?e?a
aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, yeee neeaaea?
421 aeaea?aei, o oiio /ene? 107 ?iicaiieo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

1. Noai ae?iaieoeoaa e?ea?nueeeo cania?a a Oe?a?i?, aeayeeo ca?oa?aeieo
e?a?iao

oa aeio?eiaiiy no/anieo aeiia aei ?o yeino? ca?aeii c ii?iaie GI?

No?oeoo?ii-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeoeoe?? iaaee/ii? (oa?iaoeaaoe/ii?) ?
i?e?ia?ieia?/ii? i?iieneiaino? na?ae/eoue, ui ieoiia aaaa ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a ca 1996 ??e neeaaea? 80,6%, 1997 ?. – 80,7%,
iiiaieeaoo?a yeeo ca?eueoo?oueny ? iiiaeth?oueny. Ia ii/aoie 1998 ?ieo
iaaee/ia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie aeionea? 1247 i?aia?ao?a. Aeecueei 80%
oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iieneiaino? iaeaaeeoue aei iaaea?aeaaii? oi?ie
aeaniino?.

Ci?ia oi?i aeaniino? ci?ith? ? eaiaee ?iciiae?eo e?e?a ia
oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio ?eieo, aiiny/e i?aai?caoe?ei? ei?aeoeae a oi?aae?ii?
i?aei?e?inoaii c ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a, ia?eaoeiao oa iaiaaeaeiaioo o
oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio a?cian?. Iniiaiei eaiaeii i?inoaaiiy e?e?a noathoue
eiia?oe?ei? noa’?eoe ae?yeueiino? – 70% (25% – aioaee, 2,5% – aioa/i?
neeaaee, 2,5% – e?eoaaeuei? caeeaaee). Ia?a?iciiae?e eaiae?a ?aae?caoe??
e?e?a, aeii?ioaaiiy eiia?oe?eieo, a ia i?ioan?eii-aoe/ieo i?eioeei?a a
?ioa?anao oai?iai, aeiaaeee ceeooy oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai a?ciano c
i?aeoe/iith iaaeeoeeiith, ne?ae aaaaeaoe ye oei/aniaa ? ia caaaeaee
i?eeiyoia yaeua. Iaeii/anii ?aae?caoe?y e?ea?nueeeo cania?a i???ioiaaia
ia ia i?aia?aoe aeaniiai, a ?iicaiiiai ae?iaieea, ia noeioeth? aeania
ae?iaieoeoai e?e?a oa ?o i?inoaaiiy ia na?oiaiio ?eieo.

?acii c oei, ?icaeoie oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iieneiaino? a Oe?a?i?,
caeaa?eueoiai, iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaiee aeoiaeii ?? i?iaeoeoe?? iaeaaeii?
yeino? ia iaoe?iiaeuei? ?aa?iiaeuei? ? i?aeia?iaei? ?eiee caooo.
Aeciaiiyi aa?aioiaaii? yeino? e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a ia noaae?? ?o
ae?iaieoeoaa ? na?oeo?eaoe?y oa e?oeaicoaaiiy oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o i?iaeoeoe??, ca?aeii i?aeia?iaeieo aeiia GI?, oa
a?aeiia?aeieo ci?i ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a oaoiieia?? oa eiio?ieth
yeino? e?e?a. Ci?ie noinothoueny aa?iii?caoe?? iaoe?iiaeueieo oaoi?/ieo
noaiaea?o?a oa oeeaaeaiiyi?aeia?iaeieo oaiae i?i aca?iia aeciaiiy
?acoeueoao?a ?ia?o c na?oeo?eaoe??, ui iio?aao? iiaea?i?caoe??
i?aei?e?inoaa c ao?eaiiyi no/anieo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa, “/enoeo
ae?iaie/eo i?ei?uaiue” (*AI) oa ?o aae?aeaoe??.

Aeey na?oeo?eaoe?? /enoeo i?ei?uaiue, oiaoi aeiaaaeaiiy oiai, ui *AI oa
ae?iaie/? i?ioeane, ae?enii a?aeiia?aeathoue nai?e iao? ? aoaeoeaii
aeeiiothoue ooieoe?th aaaeeeaiai eaioethaa aa?aioiaaii? aacia/iino?,
aeei?enoiaothoue neeaaei? i?ioeaaeo?e aae?aeaoe??.

Ae?iaieoeoai e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, aoaeoeaia eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?
caaacia/aiiy yeino? e?e?a caeaaeaoue a?ae a?aeiia?aeii? i?aeaioiaee
ia?niiaeo. I?aeia?iaei? noaiaea?oe GI?, o ?icae?e? “Ia?niiae”,
aena?oeththoue iniiai? aeiiae uiaei eaae?o?eaoe??, i?aeaioiaee oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy eaae??a, ?o iioeiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy
oaeei /eiii, uia caaacia/eoe aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue ia no/aniiio ??ai?.

Iaa/aiiy ia?niiaeo iiaeiii cae?enithaaoeny a?aeiia?aeii aei
caoaa?aeaeaieo i?ia?ai. 3 oi/ee ci?o oai??? ? i?aeoeee GI?,
iiaii?ecia/ai? i?aoe?aieee iiaeii? i?ieoe iaa/aiiy o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
?o iinaaeiaeie iaia’yceaie. Ne?ae, a?aecia/a?oueny o aeiiaao GI? ?N,
i?aai?coaaoe aacia?a?aia iaa/aiiy ia?niiaeo oa eiio?ieue ca ye?noth
oaeiai iaa/aiiy. Ia?niiae /e ?io? iniae, ye? ia i?ieoee a?aeiia?aeiiai
iaa/aiiy, ia iiaeii? aeiioneaoeny aei ae?iaie/eo i?ei?uaiue oa
eaai?aoi??e c eiio?ieth yeino? e?e?a. Iaeiae o iao?e aea?aeaa? aei
oeueiai /ano ia ?nio? nenoaie i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy aeey
i?aoethth/eo o noa?? noai?aiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa oa iioiai? ?aae?caoe??
e?e?a, ui oneeaaeith? i?ioean aoiaeaeaiiy oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aaeoc? aei ?N
oa aeeiiaiiy aeiia GI? uiaei ia?niiaeo.

2. Iaoeia? iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
i?aeaioia/iai aoaio ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa iiaea?i?caoe?? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii?
o??ie

“Aea?ieoey” ca?aeii c aeiiaaie GI?

Aeoiaey/e ?c oiai, ui ye?noue oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia iiaea aooe
caaacia/aia eeoa ao?eaiiyi o ae?iaieoeoai no/anii? oaoi?ee, iaeaaeiaiiy,
onoaoeoaaiiy, iiaeo oaoiieia?e, aac i?ioan?eii i?aeaioiaeaieo oao?aoe?a,
aeieea? iio?aaa ?ic?iaee iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a uiaei aea/aiiy neeaaeo
eaae??a ?o no?oeoo?e, aeey ia?niaeoeaiiai ieaioaaiiy ianya?a
ia?iaiaioiiai i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy.

Aeey ae??oaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy iaie aeei?enoaia iaoiaeeea, yea
aeicaiey?, ia aac? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co eaae?iaiai neeaaeo
i?aoethth/eo, iia?aoeaii aecia/eoe ?o e?euee?noue, eiioeiaaioe, aeey
i?aai?caoe?? ?o i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy o caaaeueii/enaeueieo
iieacieeao oa ie?aieo niaoe?aeueiinoyo ca oi?ioeith ?ic?aooieo:

i – i?ny/ia ?ic?aooieiaa iio?aaa o i?aeaeuaii? eaae?o?eaoe?? ii ?-o?e
niaoe?aeueiino?;

5 – ia??iaee/i?noue i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy, ca?aeii c iaeacii
Aea?aeeii-iaaea?ii?iio ? 103 a?ae 30.09.97 ?.;

60 – eiinoaioa;

A – oiiaia aeaoooy eaae??a ii ?-o?e niaoe?aeueiino?;

E – e?euee?noue niaoe?ae?no?a ii ?-o?e niaoe?aeueiino?.

Oi?ioee ?ic?aooieo aeicaieythoue aeei?enoaoe aeai? aiae?co eaae?iaiai
neeaaeo aeey aecia/aiiy iio?aae o i?neyaeeieiiiiio iaa/aii? ca /ioe?ia
niaoe?aeueiinoyie, ye? caoaa?aeaeai? iaeacii Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio ? 103
a?ae 30.09.97 ?.:

1. Niaoe?ae?no-iaiaaeaea? i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe??.

2. Niaoe?ae?no-oaoiieia c ae?iaieoeoaa e?ea?nueeeo cania?a.

3. Niaoe?ae?no-aiae?oee c eiio?ieth yeino? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a.

4. I?ia?ci? caaaeueiiai i?io?eth c i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe??.

Aiae?c eaae?iai? no?oeoo?e oa iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iio?aae o
i?neyaeeieiiiiio iaa/aii? oao?aoe?a i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? iaaea?
iiaeeea?noue ea??aieeai i?aei?e?inoa, o/aiaei caeeaaeai oaeineiiaeaiiy
eaae??a, c a?eueoith /e iaioith oi/i?noth, aecia/aoe ?ici??e oa ianyae
i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy, iae?anethaaoe iniiai? iai?yiee iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaioe c eaae?aie, ?o iaa/aiiy oa
ia?ai?aeaioiaee, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiiaaie, ii?iaie oa noaiaea?oaie
GI?. Ona oea ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith eaae?o?eaoe?? eaae??a, aeoeaii aieeaa?
ia ye?noue e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, a
cia/eoue ia iie?auaiiy iaaeeeaiaioiciiai caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie
ye?nieie, aoaeoeaieie ? iaaei?iaeie e?eaie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

sse a?aei?/aeiny, iaeiei ?c ao?oeeai ?icaeaath/eo iai?yie?a
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, ca inoaii? ni?ie ?ie?a, o aeayeeo
aenieioaoiieia?/ieo aaeocyo ae?iaieoeoaa, ? oaoi?ea /enoeo oa aacia/ieo
i?ei?uaiue, ye c oi/ee ci?o o?ce/ieo i?e?i/anoeiie o iia?o??, oae ?
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a. Ia ii/aoeo oanoeaeanyoeo ?ie?a oaoi?ea /enoeo
i?ei?uaiue noaea ?icaeaaoeny ? o oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e i?iieneiaino?.

I?aaeea, ii?ie (noaiaea?oe) GI? i?noyoue iaaecae/aeii aei?noe? aeiiae
uiaei /enoioe i?ei?uaiue, a?a??ie ia?niiaeo, nai?oa?ieo oiia i?aoe?, ye?
aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaathoue ia ye?noue e?ea?nueeeo cania?a. Iaie aia?oa
i?iiiiothoueny iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii nenoai? yeino?
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo oiia i?aoe? oa oaoi?ee aaciaee oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Nenoaia yeino? nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo oiia i?aoe? oa oaoi?ee aaciaee
oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa – oea eiiieaen caoiae?a oa ioe?iee noaio
caei?ia’y ia?niiaeo oa nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo oiia i?aoe?, ye?
caaacia/othoue a?aeiia?aeiee ?aaeei o i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a, ui
iie?auo? oiiae aacia/ii? ae?yeueiino? ?ia?oiee?a, neoaeaiaoe?a, ni?ey?
i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa oa yeino? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a.

?aae?caoe?y oeeo ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa ?o i?aeoe/ia
ao?eaiiy i?ioiaeeoue aeae?eueea aoai?a:

Aoai 1. I?aai?caoe?eii-aaei?i?no?aoeaiee.

Aoai 2. ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a noa’?eoeaii?, ia’?eoeaii? (?ino?oiaioaeueii?)
ioe?i-ee oiia i?aoe?.

Aoai 3. Aea/aiiy oa ?ic?iaea caoiae?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoi?ee aaciaee oa
cie-aeaiiy o?aaiaoecio.

Aoai 4. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo oa
ae?iaie/eo oiia i?aoe?.

Aoai 5. Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaeoo i?ia?aie oaoiieia?/iiai
ia?ainiauaiiy o??ie (i?aei?e?inoaa).

Aoai 6. Iiia?aaei?e ?icaeyae oa iiaiaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai i?iaeoo
eiiieaen-ii? i?ia?aie.

Aeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aei? aeey oiai, uia i?i?i?coaaoe oe?aeeeaee
aieea niaoeeo?/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a ia aoaiao iiaea?i?caoe??
i?aei?e?inoaa oa iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe? ia?niiaeo, i?aeaeuaiiy ?o
i?aoeacaeaoiino?, cieaeaiiy caoai?thaaiino? oa o?aaiaoecio.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co caoai?thaaiino? iaiao?aei? oi/i? aeai? ii
no?oeoo?? oa ??aith oei/aniai? iai?aoeacaeaoiino?. Iiaeeaeaiee,
?ao?iniaeoeaiee no?oeoo?ii-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c i?iaiaeeoueny ii eiaeiiio
no?oeoo?iiio i?ae?icae?eo ie?aii (iio?i a oe?eiio) oaeei /eiii:

1. Aeai? i?i caoai?thaai?noue ?ici?uothoueny (a ?aeaae? 50 iniiaieo
iicieia?e) o ii?yaeeo ciaioaiiy /enea aeiaaee?a ii eiaei?e iicieia??.
Oey ?ioi?iaoe?y aoaea ae??oaeueiith o a?aeai?? i??i?eoao?a i?e aiae?c?
oiia i?aoe? oa caoiae?a ?o iie?auaiiy.

2. I?ae?aoiao?oueny a?aenioie eiaeiiai ?c 50 caoai?thaaiue (iiaea aooe ?
iaioa) ii a?aeiioaiith aei caaaeueiiai /enea caoai?thaaiue.

3. Aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? i?iaiaeeoueny o c?inoath/iio ii?yaeeo ca ??e
iii?ny/ii (n?/aiue, ethoee…a?oaeaiue). Oea i?iaiaeeoueny aeey oiai,
uia aecia/eoe “naciii?noue” ie?aieo caoai?thaaiue oa anoaiiaeoe oaeoi?e
ee?iaoe/iiai aieeao aeey iaoaicaeaaeieo iicieia?e.

4. I?iaiaeeoueny ?ic?aooiie aeo?ao i?aei?e?inoaa, iia’ycaieo c
caoai?thaa-i?noth c oei/aniaith iai?aoeacaeaoi?noth.

5. I?iaiaeeoueny ii??aiyeueiee no?oeoo?ii-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c
caoai?th-aaiino? ia?niiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa oa ?ioeo i?aoe?aiee?a aaeocae
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a.

Iaeii/anii, iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia ? ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieiaiai
aecia/aiiy eaoaai??e ae?iaie/eo i?ei?uaiue ca aeaooiiiaeaaeiith
(iiaeaaeiith) iaaacia/i?noth, ao?eaiiy yei? o ia??iae ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa
iiaea?i?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa cieaeo? a?aeiia?aeiee ?ecee ii oaoi?oe?
aaciaee.

Iaaaaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?iaeaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei noaiaea?oo IIOI
24-86 “Caaaeuei? i?aaeea aeaooiiaaacia/iino? aeey
aeaooiiiaeaaeiiaaacia/ieo o?i?/ieo, iaooiia?a?iaieo ae?iaieoeoa” oa
eaoaai??? aeaooiiaaacia/iino? oaoiieia?/iiai aeieo, ia eiie?aoiiio
i?eeeaae? oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeey oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie
“Aea?ieoey”.

Iaaei??iee oene aeaooo aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

– oene aeaooo noao?iiao?e/ii? iia?o?yii? noi?o? a caieiaiiio ia’?i?;

– ii/aoeiaee oene, iiaeiai aei??aithaaoe 101 eIa;

Vca – a?eueiee ia’?i i?ei?uaiiy, ia? aei??aithaaoe:

3,9=235,872 i3 ;

m – iana ia?o EC? (?ic?aooieiaa aaee/eia);

Z – eiao?oe??io o/ano? iaeueiiai o aeaooo, ia? aei??aithaaoe ca
noaiaea?oii IIOI 24-86, Z=0,3;

Ro – aonoeia ia?e;

Nno – noao?iiao?e/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y ia?o EC?;

Ei – eiao?oe??io, yeee a?aoiao? iaaa?iaoe/i?noue i?ei?uaiiy
iaaaeeaaaoe/-i?noue i?ioeano ai??iiy. Ca IIOI 24-86 i?eionea?oueny
i?eeiaoe 3.

Ioaea aeey i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaenii? i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueei?
iie?oeee uiaei i?iaaaeaiiy iiaea?i?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa, ca?aeii aeiia
GI? aei ia?niiaeo, ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a, noai?aia ? aeei?enoaia no/ania
iaoiaeieia?/ia aaca.

3. Ii??aiyeueiee no?oeoo?ii-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? c

oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? ?ia?oiee?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie

“Aea?ieoey” oa aeayeeo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa a % ia 100
i?aoethth/eo

(1991-1997 ??.)

A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a ca?aeii aeiia GI?, aeey
aaaaoueio a/aieo, ye ? aeey i?aai?caoi??a, i?iaeaia caoai?thaaiino?
i?aaenoaaey? iniaeeaee ?ioa?an, oiio ui iaa?oue caei?iaa ethaeeia a
oiiaao ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a ? iaeiaaacia/i?oei ia’?eoii i?e?icaa?oaeiaiiy
?iai/eo cii, ae?iaie/eo i?ei?uaiue oiui. Iaa?oue ai??i?ii iiaeia
aecia/eoe ?ici??e aeo?ao, ye? iiaea iiianoe i?aei?e?inoai o ?ac?
aeyaeaiiy ia iueiio aaeoa??iiin??a, niaeao?a ai?aeai?ieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue oa ea?aioei?a. Ioaea aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino?, ??
i?io?eaeoeea, aea/aiiy ? caiia?aaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ? iaaecae/aeii
aaaeeeaei aeey i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?, i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, ui
aea? a?aeaoe ia yeino? e?e?a.

Oiio ia?oi/a?aiaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? aea/aiiy iaaaoeaieo oaeoi??a aieeao
ia noai caei?ia’y i?aoethth/eo oa aca?iica’ycie oiia i?aoe?,
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a caoai?thaaiino? ia?niiaeo c
oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino?. Ca?aeii iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue
anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aaaiiei iaaaoeaiei iieacieeii oiia i?aoe? ?
caii?ioai?noue, caaaciaai?noue o ae?iaie/eo i?ei?uaiiyo. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue 71,7% i?aoethth/eo oaaeaoii-oanoaaeueiiai, 77,9% –
ea?oiiaaeii-iie?a?ao?/iiai oa ?ioeo oeao?a. A?ae 23,6% aei 32,4%
neeaaeathoue nea?ae ia aaeeeo ia?aiao iai?oao na?aae i?aoe?aiee?a
o?ainii?oiiai oeaoo, i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i oa i?aaiii?aia?ao?a,
aiioeueiiai, neeiaeoaiiai oeao?a, ae?eueieoe? EAI. Iaeaea 25%
?aniiiaeaio?a aeneiaeththoue nea?ae uiaei aieeao oaeeo ae?iaie/eo
oe?aeeeainoae ye: ooi, ia?aiaa iai?oaa, i?ioyae, oyaeea ?o/ia i?aoey oa
aeeneiioi?oia oaiia?aoo?a, ui aieeaa? ia naiiii/oooy, ?o noai caei?ia’y
(26,5%; 26,4%; 24,9%; 23,1%; 21,8% – a?aeiia?aeii).

Ioaea ai??i?ii iiaeia i?eeoe aei aeniiaeo, ui oae? iaaaoeai? oaeoi?e
aeoeaii iiaeooue aieeaaoe ia ?icaeoie oaeeo iicieia?/ieo oi?i
caoai?thaaiino? ye oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie, e?iaiia?ao, caoai?thaaiue
noaeei aieiaiiai iiceo. Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oaei? ia?a?nii?
oai?aoe/ii? aa?n?? iaie i?iaiae?ciaaii 7897 e?ea?iyieo eeno?a
iai?aoeacaeaoiino? i?aoethth/eo ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i? “Aea?ieoey” oa
i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no?oeoo?e ? ??aiy ?o caoai?thaaiino? c
i?aoethth/eie aeayeeo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a
i.Ee?aa oa Oe?a?ie. Caaaeuei? iieacieee iaaaaeai? o oaae.1.

sse aeaeii ?c oaae.1, ?en.1; 2, aeeiai?ea caoai?thaaiue ii 16 iicieia??
(on? oai?iae ?acii) aei 1993 ?ieo ia ia? ??ceeo ?ica?aeiinoae na?aae
i?aoethth/eo o??ie “Aea?ieoey” oa aeayeeo iniiaieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa. Iaeiae, ii/eiath/e c 1993 ?ieo oeae iieaciee ??cei
c?inoa? na?aae i?aoethth/eo o??ie “Aea?ieoey”, iniaeeai o 1995 ?ioe?.

Aiae?c ??aiy caoai?thaaiino? c oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino?
na?aae i?aoethth/eo ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i? “Aea?ieoey” ia?aeiieeai
na?ae/eoue i?i caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? a aeeiai?oe? caoai?thaaiino? ye ii
o??i? “Aea?ieoey”, oae ? ?ioeo aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Iaeiae
ia o??i? “Aea?ieoey” o an?o aeiaaeeao ?ao?i-niaeoeaiiai aiae?co
niinoa??aa?oueny a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? o ii??aiyii? c
iniiaieie aaeocyie ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa i.Ee?aa oa c aiaeia?/iei
iieacieeii ii Oe?a?i?, yeee neeaaeaa, a iniiaiiio a?ae 44,6 aeiaaee?a
aei 70,3 ia 100 i?aoethth/eo (56,1 – na?aaeiuei??/iee iieaciee). A oie
aea /an iaea?eueoee na?aaeiuei??/iee iieaciee /anoioe cono??/a?iino? o
aeiaaeeao ia AO “Oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia “Aea?ieoey” noaiiaeoue 92,5, a ca
ia??iae c 1991 ii 1997 ??e a?i eieeaaany o iaaeao 77,6 – 1992 ?. ? 113,1
– 1995 ?. Ie?aii aiae?coth/e ??aaiue /anoioe caoai?thaaiino? o aeiaaeeao
ia 100 i?aoethth/eo o 1995 ?ioe?, ie iii?/a?ii iacia/iee c??no o an?o
eiioeiaaio?a i?aoethth/eo i.Ee?aa, iaeiae ii oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i?
“Aea?ieoey” oeae iieaciee a?eueoa i?ae o aea?/? aeuee a?ae /anoioe
caoai?thaaiino? a?aeiinii i?aoe?aiee?a iniiaieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie (113,1 ? 48,1 – a?aeiia?aeii); 66,5 – na?aae
i?aoethth/eo iniiaieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Aea?ieoeueeiai
?aeiio i.Ee?aa, aea oa?eoi??aeueii ?icoaoiaaia i?aei?e?inoai
oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia “Aea?ieoey”, a o ii??aeiai?e o?i?/i?e oa
iaooio?i?/i?e i?iieneiaino? – 79,0 i?e na?aaeiuei??/iiio iieacieeo 82,3
aeiaaee?a ia 100 i?aoethth/eo.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iieaciee?a ??aiy oei/aniai? iai?aoeacaeaoiino?

(o aeiaaeeao ia 100 i?aoethth/eo) ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i? “Aea?ieoey”

oa iniiaieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa i.Ee?aa, Oe?a?ie

ca 1991-1997 ??.

Iaeiaioaaiiy aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Iieacieee oei/aniai?
iai?aoeacaeaoiino? o aeiaaeeao ia 100 i?aoethth/eo ca 16 ?yaeeii
iicieia?/ieo a?oi

1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 “C”*

Iniiai? aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie 70,3 69,7 55,4 48,3 48,1
44,6 56,1

Iniiai? aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa i.Ee?aa 98,5 87,3 83,3 66,0 68,0
58,7 77,0

Iniiai? aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ii Oa?e?anueeiio ?aeiio i.Ee?aa
111,7 85,7 76,4 62,5 66,5 61,5 77,4

Iniiai? aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ii Aea?ieoeueeiio ?aeiio i.Ee?aa
98,6 80,3 85,9 73,9 73,9 68,3 80,2

Eaaea i?iieneia?noue i.Ee?aa 115,0 99,5 97,6 73,7 68,6 64,9 86,5

O?i?/ia oa iaooio?i?/ia i?iieneia?oue i.Ee?aa 105,5 91,0 83,9 69,8 79,0
64,5 82,3

Oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia “Aea?ieoey” 99,9 77,6 83,5 89,6 113,1 90,6 90,4
92,5

* “N” – na?aaei?e iieaciee

O iiaeaeueoiio aeine?aeaeaii? ie iinoaaeee ca iaoo: aecia/eoe ?
i?iaiae?coaaoe a?oie oai?ia, ye? iathoue iaea?eueo aenieo ieoiio aaao
na?aae caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? oa ni?anoaaeoe c oaeeie iieacieeaie
?ioeo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa i.Ee?aa oa Oe?a?ie (?en.3).

Ieoiia aaaa ii 3-o aecia/aieo ? i?iaiae?ciaaieo iaie iicieia?/ieo
a?oiao:oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie (6 a?.); e?iaiia?ao (7 a?.); i?aai?a
aeeoaiiy (8 a?.) noaiiaeoue o 1997 ?. 74,7% (69,1 aei 92,5 aeiaaee?a
(?acii on? oai?iae). Na?aae oeeo iicieia?e a?eueoa ye iieiaeia
caoai?thaaiino? i?eiaaea? ia oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy ? neeaaea? a?ae
40,1 ia 100 i?aoethth/eo aei 46,5 aeiaaee?a o ii??aiyii? c iieacieeii –
on? oai?iae ?acii – 77,6 o 1992 ?ioe? aei 113,1 aeiaaee?a o 1995 ?ioe?.
Aeai?, ye? iaaiaeyoueny a?ao?/ii ia ?en.2, /?oei aecia/athoue ??aaiue oa
aieea ia caaaeueio caoai?thaai?noue ainueii? iicieia?/ii? a?oie –
oai?iae i?aai?a aeeoaiiy. Naia oey iicieia?/ia a?oia iiai?noth
a?aeoai?th? e?ea? o?ueio a?oi oai?ia, ye? neeaaeathoue 74,7% aeiaaee?a
a?ae on??? e?eueeino? aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiino? ia 100 i?aoethth/eo.
Na?aaeiuei??/iee iieaciee na?aae oai?ia ia?aiai? nenoaie, nenoaie
e?iaiia?ao, i?aai?a aeeoaiiy a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeoue – 12,9% (11,9 aei
92,5); 11,1% (10,3 a?ae 92,5) oa 74,7% (69,1 a?ae 92,5).

Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaey? aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? c oei/aniaith
ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? ca aecia/aieie iaie iicieia?/ieie a?oiaie
na?aae i?aoethth/eo ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i? “Aea?ieoey” o ii??aiyii? c
iniiaieie aaeocyie ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa i.Ee?aa oa
na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iei iieacieeii ii Oe?a?i?.

Iiaeeaeaiee aiae?c ??aiy ? no?oeoo?e caoai?thaaiino? c oei/aniaith
caoai?thaai?noth c i?e/ei oai?ia i?aai?a aeeoaiiy i?aoethth/eo ia
oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i? “Aea?ieoey” aecia/ea ?? iieacieee o ii??aiyii? c
oaeeie ca ?ioeie aaeocyie ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa i.Ee?aa oa Oe?a?ie.

3 iaoith caiia?aaiiy iiaeaeueoeo iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e iaie
cai?iiiiiaai? ? ao?eai? o i?aeoeeo caoiaee, ye? aeoeaii aieeaathoue ia
iiaeaeueoa cieaeaiiy ??aiy caoai?thaaiino? c oei/aniaith ao?aoith
i?aoeacaeaoiino?. Cie?aia, ca iaoeiai iaa?oi-oiaaiith i?ia?aiith
“Caei?ia’y” ia?aaeaa/aii ? cae?eniaii ci?oeiaiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii?
aace ae?iaie/eo ae?eueieoeue i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaao
aeio?eiaiiy GI? oa nai?oa?iiai ?aaeeio, aea a?aoiaai? oaeoi?e, ye?
ni?eyee iaaaoeaiiio oiio, aeieia?/iiio ?eceeo, aeeneiioi?oo
i?aoethth/eo, oaea ?ioa. Iaeii/anii, i?iaaaeaii ci?oeiaiiy
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace iaaeeei-nai?oa?ii? /anoeie o??ie, aeey /iai
eai?oaeueii a?ae?aiiioiaaii ? a?aeiia?aeii iaeaaeiaii iiaa i?ei?uaiiy
IN*. Iie?oeeith i?aei?e?inoaa ia?aaeaa/aii ia?iaiaioia aeyaeaiiy ?aieea
ia aoaeue-ye? iaaaoeai? oaeoi?e, ui a?aeaeaathoueny ia naiiii/ooo?
ethaeeie. 3 oe??th iaoith o eieaeoeaiiio aeiaiai?? ia?aaeaa/ai? aeo?aoe
ia noeioethaaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a, ye? ia iaeyoue oeeaa?ie aai a?aeiiaeeeny
a?ae oe??? iaaaoeaii? cae/ee.

?acoeueoaoe iieooaaiiy ia?niiaeo o??ie “Aea?ieoey”, i?iaaaeai? o 1998
?ioe?, iieacaee, ui i?ney ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa iiaea?i?caoe?? o??ie
“Aea?ieoey” 78,2% ?aniiiaeaio?a caaeiaieai? ci?iaie a i?aai?caoe?? ?o
?iaioe, 57,8% a?ae ieo aaaaeathoue, ui oe? ci?ie iia’ycai? c ci?iaie
oiia i?aoe?.

sse oea aeaeii ?c i?aaenoaaeaiiai noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co, iieacieee
caoai?thaaiino? cia/ii iie?aueeeny o 1996-1997 ??., ui ia? na?e a?aeaoe
? ia i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?.

4. I?aai?caoe?ei? oa iaoeiai-oaoiieia?ii? iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaea?i?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i?
“Aea?ieoey”,

o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiia GI?

Ca noaiith, a?aeiia?aeii ?ic?iaeaieo iaie ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c aiae?co, eiio?ieth oa aeio?eiaiiyi
nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/iiai, a?a??i?/iiai oa oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio
i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe??, i?iaaaeaia iiia?aaeiy ?ic?iaea uiaei
iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaea?i?caoe?? ? ?aeiino?oeoe?? oeao?a,
ae?eueieoeue, ca?aeii no/anieo aeiia GI?.

Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? iaoeia? iaa?oiooaaiiy iio?aaoaaee iiooeo oa ?ic?iaee
iiaeo eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei a?o?oaeoo?ii-ieaioaaeueieo ??oaiue
oaoiieia?e “/enoeo i?ei?uaiue”, ia?ao?aeieo oethc?a, niaoei?aeeia,
noaeue, eiioi?eaoe?e, aaoiiaoeee, eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? i?ioeano
ae?iaieoeoaa oa oi?aae?iiy. Ie?ai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iaoe?eai? ia
i?iaeaie ?ici?uaiiy niaoe?aeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, iiioaaeii-oaoiieia?/ieo
oa aia?aoo?ieo noai i?e ae?iaieoeoa? iacae oa ?i’?eoe?eieo ?ic/ei?a.
I?iii?iaiaeea. Neooaoe?ei? ieaie o??ie, oaea ?ioa.

Iaeiae o aeayeeo aeiaaeeao a?aeaoeoaaeanue ianoi?ni?noue ii?aeiaiiy
oaoi?/ieo i?ioean?a o ?aeeiiio caieiaiiio ae?iaie/iio oeeee?, oiio
iaeoaaiiy ooa o iaee oa oeeaaeaiiy ?o a aio?iei?iae cai?iiiiiaaii
cae?enithaaoe ia aaoiiaoao aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie
“Aea?ieoey”.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia ia?niaeoeaa ae?iaieoeoaa iacae
“I?oaoeeae”, “No?aioii?oie”, “I??ai?noei”. I?iaeoia iiooaei?noue – 7,98
iei. ooa ia ??e. Iaeii/anii i?iaiaeeeeny ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?iiaaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa a?eeiaiai i?aia?aoo “A?aea?i”, ca
ao?eaiiy a i?aeoeeo yeiai io?eiaii Iaoaio ia aeiao?ae (? 2033160 a?ae
20.04.95 ?.). ?ic?iaea ?iai/i? aeieoiaioaoe?? oa iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy
?aeiino?oeoe?? oeaoo i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i (IEO), ca?aeii aei
noaiaea?o?a GI? cae?eniaii o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei no/anieo aeiia ?Ae
64-125-91 oa IA 64O-1-97.

I??i?eoao uiaei ia?oi/a?aiai? ?aeiino?oeoe?? oeaoo IEO iaoiiaeaiee oei,
ui a Oe?a?i? iecueeee ??aaiue caaeiaieaiino? iio?aae o IEO, iniaeeai
i?ioei?e?iaii? oa i?ioecaiaeueii? ae??. Ioaea iaie aia?oa iinoaaeaia oa
ae??oaia o ?aieao aecia/aii? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?/a
caaaeaiiy iane/aiiy oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai ?eieo aoaeoeaieie i’yeeie
e?ea?nueeeie caniaaie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ae?th/ith ii?iaoeaii-oaoiieia?/iith aeieoiaioaoe??th
oa noaiaea?o?a GI? ae?iaie/? i?ei?uaiiy oeaoo i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai 3A; 3A eeanai /enoioe. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
iioeiaeueiei iaeaaeiaiiyi i?e oaoi?/iiio ia?aica?i?ii? oa ae?iaieoeoaa
oeeo iacae iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei ? onoaoeoaaiiy o??ie “Olsa” oa oanoaaiiy
?o o ooae ia ooaiiaiiaithth/eo aaoiiaoao o??ie “IWKA”, a oaeiae
iaeoaaiiy ooa o iaee oa oeeaaeaiiy o aio?iei?iae ia aaoiiaoao aeaniiai
ae?iaieoeoaa (oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia “Aea?ieoey”).

Oaoiieia?/ia noaia ae?iaieoeoaa i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i i?eaaaeaia o
oaae.2.

Iaeii/anii ae??ooaaeeny ieoaiiy i?aeaioiaee oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a,
oae ye ca?aeii c aeiiaaie GI? ia?niiae iiaeiai aooe o iino?eiiio noai?
iaa/aiiy.

Ia i?aenoaa? aenia?oieo ioe?iie i?ia?aeieo niaoe?ae?no?a, a/aieo, iaie
aecia/ai? iniiai? i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inuee? aoaie eiiieaenii?
?ic?iaee, iiioaaeo oa aaaaeaiiy a ae?th iniiaieo iiaeoeueieo eiiieaen?a
oaoiieia?/iiai, aaioeeyoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey caaacia/aiiy ?iaioe
“/enoeo ae?iaie/eo i?ei?uaiue” (*AI) oa ?o aoaeoeaiino?, aeaioiaeaiiy
oeueo?ao?eueo?aoe?eiiai aeaiiiaeoeueiiai i/euaiiy aiaee a?ae
aioeueaoth/eo aee??a, c oao-iiioaaeai oa ioneiiaeaaiaeaeoaaeueieie
?iaioaie. Naia oaeee iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiee i?aeo?ae aa?aioo?
ae?iaieoeoai e?e?a ca?aeii aeiia GI?, i?e iiaea?i?caoe?? oa
?aeiino?oeoe?? o??ie (i?aei?e?inoaa), iioei?coth/e ?iaioo ?nioth/i?
nenoaie noi?aeieo ae?iaieoeoa aac ca?eueoaiiy ?o ianya?a oa ca?eueoaiiy
ia?niiaeo (oaae.3).

Oi?ioth/e iie?oeeo iiaea?i?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo
cania?a, ie oai?aoe/ii aecia/eee ? a?aooaaee: c iaeiiai aieo /?oea
aeio?eiaiiy aeiia ? noaiaea?o?a GI? ?, c ?ioiai aieo, aeani? ?ano?ni?
iiooaeiino? oa ?ano?ni? iiaeeeaino? ?aa?iio c iaeii/aniei i?iaiicoaaiiyi
?ia?o, iia’ycaieo c ii?aeueiei noa??iiyi iniiaieo cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa
oa ieaiiaiai ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy. Oiio oae? iaa?oiooaaiiy aoee iaiaaeai?
aei?noeeie ?aieaie – ?ano?ne ia iiaeii? ca?eueooaaoe aia?ai?ie?noue
?nioth/eo iiooaeiinoae, a oea iaaecae/aeii aaaeea, aea iaiao?aeia oiiaa,
yei? o?aaa aeio?eioaaoenue. Iai?eeeaae, ?c oaae.3 aeaeii, ui caaaeueia
aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ? aiaeia?aeaaaeaiiy aaeaino?oueny, a ia?aaeuaiiy
e?i?oieo iaiaaeaiue eieeaa?oueny o iaaeao i?eionoeieo a?aeoeeaiue + 0,2
i3 ia aeiao (15,53-15,35 i3). Aeaeo?i-, ia?i-, iia?o?yniiaeeaaiiy
aieno?oueny oaeiae o ii?iaoeai? “e?i?oe”, a?aeaaaeai? aeey o??ie
“Aea?ieoey”.

Oaaeeoey 2

OAOIIEIA?*IA NOAIA AE?IAIEOeOAA

I’ssEEO E?EA?NUeEEO OI?I IA O??I? “AeA?IEOess”

A?.1.1. I?aeaioiaea i?ei?uaiue

A?.1.2. I?aeaioiaea ia?niiaeo

A?.1.3. I?aeaioiaea oaoiieia?/iiai iaeyao

EII
A?.1. Nai?oa?ia i?aeaioiaea

A?.1.4. I?aeaioiaea iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?iaaioa?th

EII

A?.1.5. I?aeaioiaea aeac?ioaeoe?eieo ?ic/ei?a

EII

A?.1.6. I?aeaioiaea iia?o?y ?iai/i? ciie

EII ae?iaie/eo i?ei?uaiue

A?.1.7. Caoiaee ii caiia?aaiith i?ae /an

EII i?eaiooaaiiy aeac?ic/ei?a,

aeio?eiaiiy oaoi?ee aaciaee

OI.2.1. I?aeaioiaea ne?iaeie (caaaeoaaiiy)

EO
OI.2. I?eaiooaaiiy
iac?

EO, EO

OI.2.2. Io?eiaiiy aiaee i/euaii?

EO

OI.2.3. I?eaiooaaiiy noniaic??

EO

Caeoee

OI.2.4. I?eaiooaaiiy ia?aeiii? aioeuen??

EO

OI.2.5. Aaaaeaiiy noniaic?? aei aioeuen??

EO

Ooae

OI.3. Aeicoaaiiy (oanoaaiiy
iac?)

OI.3.1. I?iaeyae ooa
EO

OI.3.2. Oanoaaiiy iac? o ooae

Caeoee

Ia/ee, ?ino?oeoe??

OII.4.4. Iaeoaaiiy ooa o ia/ee

EO
OII.4. Ioi?ieaiiy oa oiaeiaea

EO, EO aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??

Aio?iei?iae

Aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y

OII.4.2. Iaeoaaiiy ia/ie o aio?iei?iae

EO

Oaaeeoey 3

?ic?aooieiaa ?ie?noue iniiaieo aia?ai?ano?n?a ae?eueieoe? ii
aeaioiaeaiith iacae ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i? “Aea?ieoey”

Oei aia?aiiin?y ?ie?noue

ia 1 aiaeeio ia 1 aeiao

Aeaeo?iaia?a?y 83,31 eAo 917,52 eAo

Ia?a 0,131 Aeae 0,592 eae

Iia?o?y 38 Ii3 376 Ii3

Aiaeiiinoa/aiiy caaaeueia 8,71 i3 15,53 i3

Aiaeia?aeaaaeaiiy caaaeueia 8,64 i3 15,35 i3

I?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai i?aei?e?inoaa oa “i?ea’ycee”
e?ea?nueeiai caniao (oi?ie) aei na??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ?ic?iaeaia noaia
ia?aieaioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ?iai/eo i?ei?uaiue, ye? ca
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ieiuaie, aaaa?eoaie iiaiaeaeothoueny c noaiaea?oaie
GI?. Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?aeiino?oeoe??
? iiaea?i?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa ? aacith eiioeaioe?? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy noa?e ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a ?, ui iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeai,
oi?ioaaiiy iie?oeee oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie “Aea?ieoey” ia ia?niaeoeao.
Oiio iaoeia? ?ic?iaee i?aia?aoo, yeee ia? th?eaee/ia i?aai ia na??eiee
aeione, ia cae?i/othoueny eiai ?a?no?aoe??th, oa?iaeiiaeiith noaooath /e
?aaeaiaioii. I?ioean ao?eaiiy (i?ea’ycee i?aia?aoo) o ae?iaieoeoai ?
i?iaeiaaeaiiyi iaoeiaiai i?ioeano ii eiie?aoiiio i?aia?aoo.

5. Iaoeiai-oaoiieia?/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa iiaea?i?caoe??
aiioeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i? “Aea?ieoey”, ca?aeii
aei aeiia GI?

Ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? o??iith “Aea?ieoey”, aecia/eee
?ic?aooieiao iio?aao ? ii eiaeiiio ?c ?i’?eoe?eieo ?ic/ei?a. Ca?aeii
iniiaii? eiioeaioe?? ?aeiino?oeoe?? aiioeueiiai oeaoo, c aaaaeaiiyi a
aenieoaoaoe?th i?iaeooth/i? ae?eueieoe?, ia a?aeaoaeaoueny ca?eueoaiiy
iiooaeiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ii aiioeueiiio ae?iaieoeoao – 460 iei. ia ??e,
a cae?enith?oueny a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aiioeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia ye?nii
iiaiio ??ai?, a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia GI?.

?ic?aooiee ieaioth/eo iiooaeiinoae ie i?iaiaeeee ca oaeith oi?ioeith:

,

– na?aaeiuei?ic?aooieiaa iiooaei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa aiioeueii?
i?iaeoeoe?? i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa iiaea?i?caoe??
aiioeueiiai oeaoo AO “Oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia “Aea?ieoey”;

– ieaioth/a iiooaei?noue aiioeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa o??ie o 1995 ?ioe?
(aei i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? oeaoo);

I – i?e??no iiooaeiinoae i?ney aaaaeaiiy a aenieoaoaoe?th iiaiai
oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Ca?aeii aei oeueiai noa?oiaee ianya ?ic?aooieiaeo iiooaeiinoae
ae?iaieoeoaa ?i’?eoe?eieo ?ic/ei?a neeaaea 375 iei. aiioe ia ??e:

I = 345+ 30 = 375 iei. aiioe.

Oaeei /eiii, ye aeaeii ?c iaoeo iaa?oiooaaiue, caian ia ia?niaeoeaia
ca?eueoaiiy oa ?icaeoie ae?iaieoeoaa neeaaea? 85 iei. aiioe ia ??e
(460-375=85 iei. aiioe), ui ia?aaeaa/a?oueny o ci?no?
i?iaeoii-oaoi?/iiai caaaeaiiy.

Iniaeea? oiiae ia?aaeaa/athoue caaacia/aiiy iniiaieo ia?aiao??a iia?o?y
“/enoeo” i?ei?uaiue a?aeiia?aeieo eean?a /enoioe.

sse?noue iia?o?y, yea iiaea?oueny o “/enoo” e?iiaoo, iiaeiia
a?aeiia?aeaoe aeiiaai ia a??oa 2-ai eeano (aaaeaii eean “1000” ca
noaiaea?oii 209 NOA). Aeiiae i?eaaaeaieo eean?a iiaeii? caaacia/oaaoe o
aoaeue-ye?e /anoei? “ooieoe?iioth/iai” i?ei?uaiiy o a?aenooiino?
ia?niiaeo.

Aeey ciaioaiiy i?e?iioi/aiiy oa caiia?aaiiy i?iieeiaiiy i?e?ii?aai?ci?a
?c iia?o?aaiae?a, nenoai aaioeeyoe?? o /eno? i?ei?uaiiy, c iaoith
i/euaiiy iia?o?y, caaacia/aiiy iiaeeeaino? i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?iceeao
i?aeaioiaeaieo ?aaeoea?a o aeiaaeeo iioeiaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai
aaioeeyoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, nenoaia eiiaeeoe?iioaaiiy iia?o?y, yea
iaaeoiaeeoue o “/enoo” e?iiaoo, iiaeiia iaoe 100% aeoaethaaiiy
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aa?aiooaaiiy o i?e caaeaieo ia?aiao??a ia i?ioyc? 8
aiaeei ?iaioe.

Aaioeeyoe?y ia eaae?o?eoth/eo ca /enoioith i?ei?uaiue, iiaeiia
a?aeiia?aeaoe aeiiaai AINO 12.1.005-88 aai ?ioei aea?aeaaiei ii?iai,
iai?eeeaae, NI?I 2.04.05-91.

Iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa ia ae?eueieoe? ?i’?eoe?eieo
?ic/ei?a, noa?eeueieo ?ic/ei?a, e?ea?nueeeo cania?a oa oanoaaiiy ?o o
anaioe/ieo oiiaao a aiioee ia e?i?? o??ie “?oaeeii-Aieii?y”. Aeioneo o
aeaeyae? i?iaeoeoe?? i?aeeyaathoue ?i’?eoe?ei? ?ic/eie: AOO, o?eooacei,
ooi?o?aoeee, aeeoee?i oa aaioai?oeei. Ia ae?eueieoe? iiaeeeaa
i?aai?caoe?y aeioneo ? ?ioeo i?aia?ao?a ca oiiae, ui oe? ?i’?eoe?ei?
?ic/eie aoaeooue iaai?th/eie ??aeeiaie. Ae?iaieoeoai ?ic/ei?a oa aeione
i?iaeoeoe?? ia ae?eueieoe? aoaea iineoe ai?ciaee/iee ca /anii oa?aeoa?,
oiaoi aeayeee /an aoaea aeioneaoeny, iai?eeeaae, o?eooacei (o
iaiao?aei?e aeey ?eieo e?eueeino?), iio?i /a?ac aeaa oeaei?, i?eionoeii,
AOO ? oae aeae?. A oiio iiooaei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa ii oiio /e ?ioiio
i?aia?aoo iiaea aooe ??ciith.

A?aoiaoth/e oea, ?ic?aooieiaa iiooaei?noue ae?eueieoe? anaioe/iiai
?iceeao iiaea aooe aecia/aia aaee/eiith, ia a?eueo ye 10000 aiioe ca
aiaeeio. Ae?eueieoey anaioe/iiai ?iceeao ?ici?uo?oueny ia ieiuao
ae?th/iai aiioeueiiai oeaoo ? i?ney aaaaeaiiy a aenieoaoaoe?th aoaea
aoiaeeoe aei eiai neeaaeo. Ioaea i?aai?caoe?y ? oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaith
ae?yeuei?noth ae?eueieoe? aoaea oaeith ae, yeith aiia neeaeany ia
/ani?iaaaeaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? ? iiaea?i?caoe?? i?ae?icae?eo oa no?oeoo?e
aca?iica’yceo c ?ioeie i?ae?icae?eaie. Eia?/iei o oeueiio aeiaaeeo ? ?
oa, ui eiiia?aoe?y oa ae?iaie/? ca’ycee ae?eueieoe? c? neoaeaaie o??ie
aoaeooue cae?enithaaoeny /a?ac a?aeiia?aei? neoaeae aiioeueiiai oeaoo.
Oea noino?oueny io?eiaiiy ? caa??aaiiy noanoaioe?e, iaoa??ae?a,
a?aeaaioaaeaiiy aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, i?aai?caoe?? ieaiiai-i?io?eaeoe/ieo
?aiiio?a, o?ainii?oieo ia?aaacaiue. Ia?aaeaa/ai? caoiaee uiaei ae?e
ia?niiaeo o ?ac? aeyaeaiiy a?aeoiae?a (o?io?a), a?aeo aiioeueii?
i?iaeoeoe??. O ?ac? aeyaeaiiy a?aeo caaiioeueiaaiiai ?ic/eio, a?i
iiaea?oueny o a?aeae?eaiiy ?aaaia?aoe?? ?ic/ei?a oeaoo. I?ney
?aaaia?aoe?? a?i caaaeo?oueny ? iiaea aooe aeaeaiei ia i?iaeooth/o
ae?eueieoeth ye aeiaaaee aei iniiaiiai ?ic/eio. Eiiia?aoe?y oa
aca?iica’ycie i?iaeooth/i? ae?eueieoe? anaioe/iiai ?iceeao ?c neoaeaaie
eaai?aoi?iiai eiiieaeno o??ie “Aea?ieoey” ?aaeaiaioo?oueny ae?th/ith
neoaeaith a?aeae?eo oaoi?/iiai eiio?ieth (AOE), a a?aeaaioaaeaiiy
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia neeaae o??ie – a?aeiia?aeieie neoaeaaie oeaoo.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy o no/aniiio ae?iaieoeoa? iiaeiii i?eaeaaaoeny
aaca?aeo?aei?e ? aeieia?/ii aacia/i?e oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue, i?e ?aoe?iiaeueii iaa?oioiaai?e iie?oeoe? i?aei?e?inoaa,
aei nei?i/aiiy (aeiiii??) aeo?ao, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa.
Iioei?coth/e ae?iaie/? i?ioeane, iaie aoee ?ic?iaeai? oa ao?eai? ia
Eoaainueeiio o?i?ei-oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio caaiae? (1985-1987 ??.) oaoiieia??
aaca?aeo?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa c aeei?enoaiiyi o?io?a – a?aeoiae?a
o?oio?i?/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Ca iaoeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie o 1987 ?ioe?
i?iieneia? a?aeoiaee (o?ioe) neeaaeaee ia: Oa?e?anueeiio ia’?aeiaii?
“Caei?ia’y o?oaeyueo” – 60 oiii, O?ioa?iia’?aeiaii? “Aea?ieoey” – 468
oiii, Euea?anueeiio o?ioa?icaaiae? – 2694 oiiie, Eoaainueeiio
o?ioa?icaaiae? – 1368 oiii. Aeei?enoaiiy o?io?a c iiaeaeueoith
ia?a?iaeith aeaee cia/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo.

Aaaaoi??/iee aeina?ae aea/aiiy aaca?aeo?aeieo oaoiieia?e oa eiai
ao?eaiiy o ?aaeueia oa?iaoeaaoe/ia ae?iaieoeoai, aeicaieea iai
iioeiaeueii ni?yioaaoe coneeey ia i?i?i?caoe?th a?aeoiae?a, i?eionoeiiai
a?aeo oa ?o iiaeaeueoa aeei?enoaiiy i?e aeaioiaeaii? ye?nieo e?e?a o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ieoiieo ii?i aeo?ao oa aeiia GI?. Ieoii? ii?ie
aeo?ao iaoa??ae?a, ca aeaeaie ia?aaeaa/aieo aei aeioneo i?aia?ao?a,
acyo? ia i?aenoaa? i?iieneiaeo ?aaeaiaio?a ae?iaieoeoaa (oaae.4).

Iaeiae ia eiaeia o?ioa ia? iaae?ei? oaoiieia?? uiaei ?? ia?a?iaee.
Ia?a?iaoe? i?aeeyaathoue, iai?eeeaae, on? aiioee, a?aea?aeiaai? o
?acoeueoao? iaye?nii? caiaeee, iaaeieeao oa iaoai?/ieo aeeth/aiue.
Aeaeaeai? ?c oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, aiie o eioeao iaaeoiaeyoue ia
ae?eueieoeth ?aaaia?aoe?? ?ic/ei?a aiioeueiiai oeaoo. Aiioee c
i?aia?aoaie, ye? aeiioneathoue iiaa?iaiiy, ?aaaia?othoueny iaia?aaeiaei?
i?eaiooaaiiy ianooiii? na???, a o?, ye? ia i?aeeyaathoue iiaa?iaiith –
i?aeeyaathoue ciaoeiaeaeaiith a aeaiue ae?iaieoeoaa a?aeo.

Oaaeeoey 4

E?euee?noue a?aeoiae?a iniiaii? ne?iaeie i?e no/anieo oaoiieia?yo,

ca?aeii aeiia GI? (ia i?eeeaae? ooi?o?aoeeeo)

Iaeiaioaaiiy Noaae?? ae?iaieoeoaa Onueiai

i?aia?aoo I?eaiooaaiiy oa o?eueo?aoe?y ?ic/eio Iaiiaiaiiy oa caiaeea
Ia?aa??ea ia aa?iaoe/i?noue Ia?e??oaaiiy oa oiaeiaea Ia?a?iaea
a?aeoiae?a

Iiai-?ioi? Aacii-ai?io-i? Iiai-?ioi? Aacii-ai?io-i? Iiai-?ioi?
Aacii-ai?io-i? Iiai-?ioi? Aacii-ai?io-i? Iiai-?ioi? Aacii-ai?io-i?

Ooi?o?aoeee 5% 5 ie 1,5 3,75 1,7 4,25 0,9 2,25 2,0 5,0 2,2 5,5 0,7
1,75 3,3 0,5 iiai?ioieo 7,2 9,75 aaciiai?ioieo 5,6 12,75

* /enaeueiee – i?ioeaio a?aeoiae?a

ciaiaiiee – e?euee?noue a?aeoiae?a o aeaeyae? ?ic/eio i?aia?aoa a e.

6. I?aai?caoe?y i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy ia?niiaeo, ca?aeii aeiia GI?,

oa aeeiai?ea aeayeeo iieaciee?a ae?yeueiino? ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i?
“Aea?ieoey”

Iaeiei ?c iaa?ae’?iieo ? iaia’yceiaeo neeaaeiaeo i?e ia?aoiae?
i?aei?e?inoaa ca?aeii GI? – aeeiiaiiy aeiia uiaei ia?niiaeo, eiai
i?aeaioiaee oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee, ui ? iaia’yceiaith oiiaith i?e
i?aeia?iaei?e na?oeo?eaoe?? oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai i?aei?e?inoaa. Oae ye
i?aai?caoe?y ? i?aeo?eiea, ia iaeaaeiiio ??ai?, caaeia?eueii? nenoaie
caaacia/aiiy yeino? ? i?aaeeueia ae?iaieoeoai e?ea?nueeeo cania?a
caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?niiaeo. Ae?iaiee iiaeiai, ca aeiiaaie GI? ?N,
caaacia/eoe iaa/aiiy on?o i?aoethth/eo, iaia’ycee yeeo iia’ycai? ia eeoa
c ae?iaieoeoaii, a acaaae? c ia?aaoaaiiyi o ae?iaie/eo i?ei?uaiiyo /e
eiio?ieueieo eaai?aoi??yo (aeeth/ath/e oaoi?/iee, ianeoaiaoth/ee
ia?niiae, a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca i?eae?aiiy) oa ?ioeo i?aoe?aiee?a,
ae?yeuei?noue yeeo iiaea aieeaaoe ia ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??.

Ne?ae i?aai?coaaoe ia?iaiaioia iaa/aiiy ? eiio?ieue ca ye?noth iaa/aiiy.
Iiaeii? aooe ?ic?iaeai? ? a?aeiia?aeii caoaa?aeaeai? i?ia?aie iaa/aiiy.
Ia oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio i?aei?e?inoa? iiaeii? caa??aaoeny aeieoiaioe i?i
i?ioiaeaeaiiy ia?niiaeii iaa/aiiy. Iaiaa/aiee ia?niiae ia aeiionea?oueny
o ciie, iia’ycai? cae?iaieoeoaii oa eiio?ieai yeino? e?e?a (GI? ?N –
1997 ?.). Oaea eiioeaioe?y GI? ?N oaea aaaaeaia c 1 n?/iy 1993 ?ieo.
Iniiaia ?aeay aacia?a?aiiai iaa/aiiy ia?niiaeo, ye aeaeii ?c aeiia GI?
?N, iieyaa? o iaia’yceiaiio i?aeaeuaii? eaae?o?eaoe?? on?o i?aoethth/eo
o noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a. Iaeiae o?aaeeoe?eia nenoaia ia?ai?aeaioiaee
oa oaeineiiaeaiiy eaae??a o iao?e e?a?i? i?eioeeiiai a?ae??ciy?oueny
a?ae i?aeia?iaeii? i?aeoeee iaa/aiiy ia?niiaeo ca?aeii aeiia GI?. Aiia
noai?i i???ioiaaia ia a?aeiia?aeio aaciao ina?oo. Ioaea aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa ?ic?iaea iniiaieo eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue eiiieaenii-oe?eueiaiai
oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, a oiiaao ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
i?aaee, ii?i ? noaiaea?o?a GI? ia oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio i?aei?e?inoa?, uiaei
ao?eaiiy ia?iaiaioiiai iaa/aiiy, iathoue iniaeeaa i?noea o iaoiio
aeine?aeaeaii? ? neeaaeathoue aeae?eueea eiai aoai?a.

Ia ia?oiio ?c ieo ? iaea?eueo neeaaei?oiio, iaie oai?aoe/ii aeiaaaeaii
i?i iaiao?aei?noue aacia?a?aiiai i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy ia?niiaeo ia
ca oaoiaei i?eioeeiii aaciai? ina?oe, oae ye o noa?? noai?aiiy,
ae?iaieoeoaa ? iioiai? ?aae?caoe?? e?e?a caae?yi? niaoe?ae?noe ia eeoa c
aeuith oa na?aaeiueith oa?iaoeaaoe/iith ina?oith, aea ?
?iaeaia?e-o?i?ee, a?ieiae, e?ea??, oaoiieiae, oaoi?ee, aeiiii?noe,
iaiaaeaea?e ae?iaieoeoaa oa niaoe?ae?noe aaaaoueio ?ioeo i?io?e?a. Oiio
iaie ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y ia?iaiaioii? ia?ai?aeaioiaee ?
oaeineiiaeaiiy ia?niiaeo ca i?eioeeiii iaia’yceiaiai i?neyaeeieiiiiai
iaa/aiiy on?o eaae??a, caeiyoeo o noa?? noai?aiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa ?
?aae?caoe?? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, ye oeueiai aeiaaathoue noaiaea?oe GI?
?N.

O ca’yceo c a?aenooi?noth ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei ye?niiai neeaaeo eaae??a
oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa, ye? iio?aaothoue iaia’yceiaiai
i?ioiaeaeaiiy ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?? oa oaeineiiaeaiiy, iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoee ni?yiiaai? ia aiae?c eaae?iai? no?oeoo?e ea??aiee?a, IO?, ye?
i?ieoee a?aeiia?aeia iaa/aiiy ia eo?nao i?e Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?ii?, oa
iiaeeaeaiee aiae?c ye?niiai neeaaeo eaae??a o??ie “Aea?ieoey”.

sse iieacaa aiae?c oaeoe/iiai neeaaeo ia?niiaeo o??ie “Aea?ieoey”,
oao?aoe?, ye? iathoue niaoe?aeueio oa?iaoeaaoe/io ina?oo, o 1985 ?ioe?
neeaaeaee eeoa 4,3% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-ea??aiiai eiioeiaaioo c aeuith ina?oith; o 1990?. –
6,7%; o 1995 ?. – 5,7%; o 1996 ?. – 10,3%; o 1997?. – 16,0%. Na?aae
?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/iiai ia?niiaeo a?aeiia?aei? iieacieee ca
oa?iaoeaaoe/iei oeaicii ina?oe neeaaeathoue i?ia?ci?e: 4,1%; 7,0%;
11,6%; 10,0%; 13,5% (a?aeiia?aeii).

Ioaea iniiaia e?euee?noue niaoe?ae?no?a, ye? caeiyo? o noa??
ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a, ia iaea iiaeeeaino? ?aae?coaaoe nai? i?aai ia
iiaiioe?iia i?neyaeeieiiia iaa/aiiy o i?io?eueieo caeeaaeao III, IV
??ai?a ae?aaeeoaoe??, ye oeueiai aeiaaathoue ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe oa
noaiaea?oe GI? uiaei i?aeaioiaee oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee ia?niiaeo. ?acii c
oei, ye na?ae/aoue aeai? aiae?co eaae?iaiai neeaaeo eo?n?a
“Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio”,niaoe?ae?noe oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa,
eiia?oe?eieo noa’?eo?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?aaiooue aei
io?eiaiiy ciaiue, ia ?aeeieo ia oie /an eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe??. Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an i?iyaeythoue oao?aoe? c aeuith
ina?oith, ca ia??iae c 1993 ii 1997 ??e oeae eiioeiaaio, ca ina?oi?i
oeaicii, neeaa 78,1% aai 594 iniae ?c 760. I?eaa?oa? oaaao
noaa?euei?noue ieoiii? aaae ui??/iiai neeaaeo neooa/?a c aeuith
ina?oith, yeee eieeaa?oueny o iaaeao 78,1+1% ca 1993-1997 ??. (76,4%;
78,3%; 77,8%; 78,6%; 78,1% – a?aeiia?aeii).

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ye?niiai neeaaeo neooa/?a i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ia
Ee?anueeeo eo?nao “Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio” na?ae/eoue, ui ca ia??iae,
yeee ie acyee aeey aea/aiiy, iniiaiei eiioeiaaioii neooa/?a aoee
oao?aoe? oi?aae?inueei-ea??aiiai ia?niiaeo (oaae.5).

sse oea aeaeii ?c oaaeeoe? 5, 90,1% ?c caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
niaoe?ae?no?a c aeuith ina?oith ? i?aaenoaaieee oi?aae?inueei? eaiee.
Iaea?eueoa ieoiia aaaa o neeaae? neooa/?a i?eiaaea?, ?c ea??aiiai
neeaaeo, ia aee?aeoi??a i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o canooiiee?a ? neeaaea? 25,8%
a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? niaoe?ae?no?a c aeuith ina?oith (153
niaoe?ae?noe a?ae 594 neooa/?a).

Oaaeeoey 5

I?aenoieiaee aiae?c eaae?iaiai neeaaeo neooa/?a

Ee?anueeeo eo?n?a “Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio” ca 1993-1997 ??.

?? ii Eaoaai??y (ca iinaaeith) neooa/?a E?euee?noue neooa/?a

Aan. % aei caaaeueii? e?eueeino? neooa/?a c aeuith ina?oith

1. Aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oi?aae?inueeee ia?niiae 535 90,1

2. ?io? niaoe?ae?noe 59 9,9

Anueiai 594 100,0

A?aenooi?noue o/aiaeo oeaio??a, i?e caeeaaeao i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
III, IV ??ai?a ae?aaeeoaoe??, aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy eaae??a i?iieneiai?
oa?iaoe?? oa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace, cia/ii oneeaaeithaaei
?aae?caoe?th eiioeaioe?? i?e ?? ao?eaii? o i?aeoeeo.

?acii c oei, iao? iaoeia? iaa?oiooaaiiy ?icaeyioo? oa i?aeo?eiai?
Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iiii ? ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie
caei?ia’y aei?o/eei Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe i?iaanoe i?aai?caoe?eio ?iaioo ii noai?aiith i?e EIAII eaoaae?e
i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe??. Noai?aiiy eaoaae?e i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? – oea
ia?oee e?ie aeey noai?aiiy oiia oa iiaeeeainoae o i?aeaeuaii?
eaae?o?eaoe?? ia?niiaeo oa i?aai?caoe?? eiio?ieth ciaiue, o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiia GI?. I?e aeaoaeuei?e ?ic?iaoe? oaiaoe/ieo
ieai?a aeeyneooa/?a eaoaae?e i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? aea/aany aeina?ae
i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy oa oaoiieia?e eiio?ieth ciaiue, ai?iue,
iaae/ie c aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?ii? oa aaciaoeiii? i?aeo?eiee
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?anueeiai o?i?ei-oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
Oe?a?inueei? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaaeai??, eaoaae? oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai
i?io?eth Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe oa ?ioeo
i?io?eueieo caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie, e?a?i NIAe oa Aeaeaeiai ca?oa?aeaey
(?in??, A?ea?on??, Eaiaaee, Aaeeeia?eoai??, Niieo/aieo Ooao?a Aia?eee,
*ao??, I?ia//eie, ?niai?? oa ?ioeo e?a?i).

Ioaea noai?aiiy o/aiai? aace aeey ia?ai?aeaioiaee ? oaeineiiaeaiiy
eaae??a i?aei?e?inoa oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iieneiaino?, ?ioeo noa’?eo?a
eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, aeicaiey? aeeiiaoe aeiiae uiaei i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee, ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a, ?o aoanoaoe?? oa e?oeaicoaaiiy
ae?yeueiino?, ca?aeii aeiia GI? aei ia?niiaeo.

Caaa?oaeueiei aoaiii nenoaie i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy ? aoanoaoe?y
eaae??a oa e?oeaicoaaiiy eaae??a. Iaeiae aei 1997 ?ieo ii?iaoeaii? aace
uiaei aoanoaoe?? ia?niiaeo oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa ia ?nioaaei. O
ca’yceo c oeei iaie aoee aea/ai? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? canaaee a Oe?a?i? oa
aeayeeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao, ye? ?aaeaiaioothoue ii?yaeie oa i?ioeaaeo?o
aoanoaoe?? eaae??a. Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai iaie aoei ?ic?iaeaii oa
caoaa?aeaeaii iaeacii Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio Oe?a?ie ? 103 a?ae 30
aa?aniy 1997 ?ieo “Iieiaeaiiy i?i aoanoaoe?th niaoe?ae?no?a o noa??
?ic?iaee, noai?aiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa, eiio?ieth yeino? oa iioiai?
?aae?caoe?? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a”.

?ic?iaeaia iaie Iieiaeaiiy i?i aoanoaoe?th o?eno? i?aaiao ii?io
a?aeiinii oiai, ui aoanoaoe?? i?aeeyaathoue on? eaoaai??? i?aoethth/eo,
ye? iin?aeathoue i?ia?ci?nuee?, ?iaeaia?i? iinaaee (?O?),
oi?aae?inueei-ea??aiee neeaae, ia?eaoeiaiaeo neoaea o noa?? ?ic?iaee,
noai?aiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa, eiio?ieth yeino? oa iioiai? ?aae?caoe??
e?ea?nueeeo cania?a iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o aaciaiai oaoo, io?eiaiiai o
aeuiio /e na?aaeiueiio o/aiaiio caeeaae?. Oey iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaa
ii?ia, ci?ia? ia?aiiie, ye? iaaeoi aeiaai ?nioaaee, aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
iiaiioe?iiiai i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy.

O ?ic?iaeaiiio iaie Noaooo? Oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? anioe?aoe?? Oe?a?ie,
i?eeiyoiai ia ia?oiio onoaiia/iio c’?cae? 28 ea?oiy 1998 ?ieo,
cia/eoueny, ui anioe?aoe?y i?eeia? o/anoue a ae?aaeeoaoe??,
e?oeaicoaaii? i?aei?e?inoa, aoanoaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a. Noai?aiiy
oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? anioe?aoe?? Oe?a?ie iaaea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeaiiy
aoanoaoe?? eaae??a, ye oea ?iaeoueny o a?eueoino? e?a?i na?oo, /a?ac
?aa?iiaeuei? a?aeae?eaiiy anioe?aoe?e, noai?eoe /?oeo nenoaio
aoanoaoe?eii? ni?aae.

O ca’yceo c oeei iaie ?ic?iaeaii Iieiaeaiiy “I?i Oeaio?aeueio
aoanoaoe?eio eii?n?th Oe?a?ie c aoanoaoe?? niaoe?ae?no?a, caeiyoeo o
noa?? ?ic?iaee, noai?aiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe?? e?ea?nueeeo
cania?a”. Uia caiia?aoe ??cii/o?iiy, Iieiaeaiiyi ia?aaeaa/aia ?
a?aeiia?aeia iiiaieeaoo?a iinaae, ca yeeie aoanoothoueny niaoe?ae?noe ye
o noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa, oae ? i?aoe?aieee aioa/ii? (aeeno?ea’thoi?nueei?)
nenoaie oa eiio?ieth yeino? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, ui caoaa?aeaeaia
a?aeiia?aeieie iaeacaie I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie ? 231
a?ae 31 eeiiy 1998 ?ieo oa Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio ? 103 a?ae 30 aa?aniy
1997 ?ieo.

Aoanoaoe?y ? aaaeeeaith oi?iith ii?aeueiiai oa iaoa??aeueiiai
noeioethaaiiy. C oe??th iaoith iaie ?ic?iaeai? ii?iaoeai? iaaeaaaee aei
iinaaeiaeo ieeaae?a ca eaae?o?eaoe?eio eaoaai??th i?aoe?aieeai
i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? o ?ici???:

1. Aeua eaoaai??y – aei 35% aei iinaaeiaiai ieeaaeo.

2. Ia?oa eaoaai??y – aei 25% aei iinaaeiaiai ieeaaeo.

3. Ae?oaa eaoaai??y – aei 15% aei iinaaeiaiai ieeaaeo.

Oe? i?iiiceoe?? i?eeiyo? ea??aieoeoaii Aea?aeeiiiaaea?ii?iio oa
?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey i?aeoe/iiai ?o ao?eaiiy, ii/eiath/e c 1998 ?ieo.

Eiiieaenii-oe?eueiaee i?aeo?ae a oi?aae?ii? oa?iaoeaaoe/iei
i?aei?e?inoaii oa i?aai?caoe?? eiai, ca?aeii aeiia GI?, aeaa ciiao
iioei?coaaoe ae?iaieoeoai, i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?,
i?aeaeueoe ca?ia?oio ieaoo i?aoethth/eo. C?inoaiiy ??aiy ca?ia?oii?
ieaoe na?aae niaoe?ae?no?a, neoaeaiaoe?a o 1996 ?ioe? neeaaeaei 197,8%,
1997 ?. – 113,3%, a ii??aithth/e c 1995 ?. – 224,0%. A?aeiia?aeii na?aae
?ia?oiee?a, iaaaaeai? iieacieee, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oaeeie cia/aiiyie
c?inoaiiy ca?ia?oii? ieaoe: 276,6%; 158%; 292,7%. Oae? iiceoeai? ci?ie
iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy iiaeeeai aoei cae?enieoe ca ?aooiie
a?aeoai?aiiy, iiaea?i?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa, ca?aeii aeiia GI?, ui
aieeioei ia ianya ae?iaieoeoaa e?e?a aac ca?eueoaiiy ia?niiaeo, oa
a?aeiinieo iieaciee?a aeo?ao, i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/e iao? oai?aoe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia i?aeoeoe?.

Aeeiai?ea c?inoaiiy oaii?a ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ca ia??iae c 1995 ?ieo
ii 1997 ??e oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeeie iieacieeaie: 1996 ??e o ii??aiyii?
c 1995 ?ieii – 198,1% (67238,0 oen.a?i. – 1996 ?.; 33941,0 oen.a?i. –
1995 ?.); 1997 ??e o ii??aiyii? c 1996 ?ieii – 131,6% (88497,0 oen.a?i.
– 1997 ?. ? 67238,0 oen.a?i. – 1996 ?.). Oiaoi i?iaaaeaiiy
ia?aica?i?iiy i?aei?e?inoaa, oe?eani?yiiaaia ?iaioa c eaae?aie, ?o
?aoe?iiaeueiei ?ici?uaiiyi, iaa/aiiyi ? ia?aiaa/aiiyi, a?aeiia?aeii aei
aeiia GI?, aeaei iiaeeea?noue ca aeaa ?iee ca?eueoeoe ianyae
ae?iaieoeoaa iaeaea (aac ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? i?aoethth/eo) o 2,6 ?ace
(88497,0 oen.a?i. – 1997 ?. ? 33941,0 oen.a?i. – 1995?.).

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiee i?aeo?ae uiaei ?ai?aai?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa,
i?aeaioiaee oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a, ia? iiceoeaiee a?aeaoe ? ia
iniiaiee ?c iieaciee?a ae?yeueiino? o??ie “Aea?ieoey” –
?aioaaaeuei?noue. Ca ia??iae c 1992 ?. ii 1997 ??e a?i neeaaeaa a?ae
69,2% aei 114,8%.

Iiceoeaiee ?icaeoie aeeiai?ee iniiaieo iieaciee?a – yne?aaa na?ae/aiiy
oiio, ui iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaenii-oe?eueiaiai
oi?aae?iiy, ?aeiino?oeoe?? ? iiaea?i?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa, eiiieaeniee
i?aeo?ae iie?oeee ao?eaiiy GI? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny i?aeoeeith, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i a??ii ia?aio ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaio no?aoaa?th oi?aae?iiy
ia oeyoo aei na?oiaeo aeiia uiaei ae?iaieoeoaa e?ea?nueeeo cania?a,
a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia GI?.

AENIIAEE

1. Aia?oa oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai?, ?ic?iaeai? oa cai?iiiiiaai?
?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c i?aai?caoe?? eiio?ieth oa
aeio?eiaiiy nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/iiai, oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio, a oiiaao
aeio?eiaiiy ii?i oa noaiaea?o?a GI? i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa
iiaea?i?caoe?? oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai i?aei?e?inoaa; c aiae?co caoai?thaaiino?
ia?niiaeo oa oaoi?ee aaciaee; c aiae?co eaae?iaiai neeaaeo i?aoethth/eo
o noa?? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iieneiaino? oa aecia/aiiy iio?aae a ?o
i?neyaeeieiii?e i?aeaioiaoe?.

2. Aea/ai? oa ocaaaeueiai? i?iaeaie ae?iaieoeoaa e?ea?nueeeo cania?a,
ca?aeii aeiia GI?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeia?iaei?, ?aa?iiaeuei?,
oaaea?aeuei? noaiaea?oe, ii?ie, aeiiae oa i?ioeaaeo?e uiaei
na?oeo?eaoe??, e?oeaicoaaiiy, aae?aeaoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? oa ae?iaieoeoa aei
oeueiai /ano nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny iaeei a?ae iaeiiai ? iio?aaothoue
aa?iii?caoe?? oa oi?o?eaoe??.

3. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia eiiieaenii-oe?eueiaa i?ia?aia oi?aae?iiy
oa?iaoeaa-oe/iei i?aei?e?inoaii ni?ey? ae??oaiith ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?/i?
i?iaeaie aaeineiia-eaiiy nenoaie caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie
e?ea?nueeeie caniaaie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oa?iaoeaaoe/ia ae?iaieoeoai iia’ycaia c oe?aeeeaei
aieeaii iaaaoeaieo oaeoi??a ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua. Aei i?iaaaeaiiy
?aeiino?oeoe?? o??ie “Aea?ieoey” eeoa 3,4% ?aniiiaeaio?a aeciaaaee
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/i? oiiae, ye iaeaaei?. Iiaoi?ia iieooaaiiy (1998 ?.)
iieacaei, ui 57,8% ?aniiiaeaio?a aeciaee iiceoeai? ci?ie a i?aai?caoe??
oiia i?aoe? i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe??.

5. Aia?oa oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii ? aeiaaaeaii, ui caoai?thaai?noue c
oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? i?aoethth/eo aca?iiiia’ycaia c
niaoeeo?eith oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, oiiaaie i?aoe?, ?ioeie
oaeoi?aie iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ye: ia?aiaa iai?oaa, caaaciaai?noue,
caieeai?noue, oaiia?aoo?iee aeeneiioi?o, ui aeoeaii aieeaathoue ia
?icaeoie oai?ia ia?aiai? nenoaie, e?iaiia?ao, noaeei aieiaiiai iiceo,
ieoiia aaaa yeeo neeaaea? 74,7% aeiaaee?a a?ae on?o oai?ia ?acii.

Ia oii? oeeo iicieia?/ieo oi?i caaaeueia caoai?thaai?noue c ao?aoith
i?aoeacaeaoiino? o??ie “Aea?ieoey” iaeaea o 2 ?ace aeua oaeeo iieaciee?a
na?aae i?aoethth/eo iniiaieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie
(92,5 aeiaaee?a ia 100 i?aoethth/eo ? 56,1 – a?aeiia?aeii).

6. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia ? ?aae?ciaaia i?ia?aia ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa
iiaea?i?caoe?? ae?eueieoe? i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i ii ae?iaieoeoao,
ca?aeii aeiia GI?, iacae: “No?aioii?oie”, “I?oaoeeae”, “I??ai?noei”, c
i?iaeoiith iiooaei?noth 7,98 iei. iaeeieoeue ia ??e oa oeaoo
?i’?eoe?eieo ?ic/ei?a: AOO, o?eooaceio, ooi?o?aoeeeo, aaioai?oeeio,
aeeoee?io, a?aea?io (460 iei. iaeeieoeue ia ??e).

7. O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiia GI? (?icae?e “Ia?niiae”) aia?oa
?ic?iaeaia ? cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y ia?iaiaioiiai oaeineiiaeaiiy oa
aoanoaoe?? ia?niiaeo, c oe??th iaoith:

— iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy eaoaae?e i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe??
i?e Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy eaae??a oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iieneiaino?;

— ?ic?iaeai?, cai?iiiiiaai? oa a?aeiia?aeii ocaiaeaeai? o/aia? ieaie oa
i?ia?aie, iin?aiee ii na?oeo?eaoe??, e?oeaicoaaiith oa yeino? e?e?a,
ca?aeii aeiia GI?, Iieiaeaiiy i?i aaciaa i?aei?e?inoai aeey i?aeoe/iiai
iaa/aiiy niaoe?ae?no?a, caae?yieo o noa?? i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? oa
Iieiaeaiiy i?i ?o aoanoaoe?th.

8. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? i?eioeeie oa oi?ie o/ano? iacaeaaeieo
i?ioan?eieo a?iiaaenueeeo ia’?aeiaiue (anioe?aoe?e) o eii?aeeiaoe??
oa?iaoeaaoe/iith ae?yeuei?noth, aoanoaoe?? ia?niiaeo, i?aaee
aeio?eiaiiy oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aoeee i?e ae?iaieoeoa? oa i?inoaaii? e?e?a
ia ?eieo Oe?a?ie.

9. O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe ii ?aeiino?oeoe?? ? iiaea?i?caoe??
i?aei?e?inoaa oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie “Aea?ieoey”, oe?eani?yiiaaii? ?iaioe
ii ?ioaoe?? ia?niiaeo, i?aai?caoe?? i?aeaeuaiiy oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ciaiue
i?aoethth/eo, noai?aiiy iaeaaeieo oiia ?o i?aoe?, ca?aeii aeiia GI?,
ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, aac ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
eaae??a o 1997 ?ioe?, o ii??aiyii? c 1995 ?ieii, ca?eueoeeeny o 2,6
?ace. Aeione oiaa?ii? (aaeiai?) i?iaeoeoe?? o iaoo?aeueiiio ae?ac?
ca?eueoeany o 1998 ?., ii??aiyii c 1995 ?., o 1,9 ?ace. Ca?ia?oia ieaoa
na?aae i?aoethth/iai ia?niiaeo ca oeae ia??iae ca?eueoeeany o 2,9 ?ace.

10. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi a??ii ia?aiiai iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai iai?yieo
?icaeoeo oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie “Aea?ieoey” ? oa, ui i?aei?e?inoai, ca
eiieo?aioio ? ye?nio i?iaeoeoe?th a?aecia/aii I?aeia?iaeiei i?ecii
“Cieioee aeiaon” (Eiiaiaaaai, 1994 ?.), I?ecii “Eeoao e?aea??a”
I?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aiaiai a?ciano (?ei, 1995 ?.), I?aeia?iaeiei i?ecii
“A??i?iaaia” I?aeia?iaeii? aeaaeai?? e?aea??a a?ciano – ca oni?oia
aeaeeaaiiy ? ?icaeoie a oiiaao nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece (Iaae?eae,
1995?.).

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe,

UI A?AeIA?AAEATHOUe INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

1. Eeoeaice?iaaiea a Aa?iiaeneii Nithca: oa?iaoeaaoe/aneee naeoi? /
I.A. Eyioiia, A.A. Caai?ee, A.I. Aacoaeay, A.I. Iaoeianeee, A.E.
Iaeueoeaa, O.E. Aoeioeaaa, E.A. Coiaiaoe, N.A. No?, A.E.
Aaae?iaa, I.O. Ianeiaa – E.: II?EII Eoae, 1998. – 384 n.

2. Iaaeeaaeauay i?iecaiaenoaaiiay i?aeoeea eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa. Good
Manufacturing Practice for Medicinal Products / I.A. Eyioiia, A.A.
Caai?ee, A.I. Aai?aeaaneee, A.I. Aacoaeay; – E.: II?EII, 1999 –
895 n.

3. Caai??e A.A. Eiio?ieue yeino? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a i?aei?e?inoa
i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? Oe?a?ie oa aeayeeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i // A?niee
oa?iaoe. – 1997. – ? 1. – N.3-5.

4. Iiiiia?aiei I.N., Aa?/aiei A.A., Caai??e A.A., Eoe’yi/oe I.I. Aeaye?
i?iaeaie oa?iaoe?? oa oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy /a?ac noai?aiiy a?iiaaenueeeo
i?ioan?eieo i?aai?caoe?e // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. – 1997. – ? 2. – N.20-31.

5. Iiiiia?aiei I.N., Iai?iaei?e A.A., Aiae I.A., Caai??e A.A. I?ioan?ei?
oa ineoieia?/i? o?oaeiiu? ni?eeiyooy iiaiaaaaeaiue o oa?iaoe?? oa oeiia?
?aaeoe?? ia ieo // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. – 1997. – ? 3. – N.104-108.

6. Iieiaeaiiy i?i aoanoaoe?th niaoe?ae?no?a o noa?? ?ic?iaee, noai?aiiy,
ae?iaieoeoaa oa iioiai? ?aae?caoe?? e?e?a / ?ic?. ?.?.Ai?coiia,
A.A.Aa?/aiei, A.A.3aai??e, I.N.Iiiiia?aiei // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. – 1997. –
? 4. – N.19-23.

7. Iieiaeaiiy i?i Oeaio?aeueio aoanoaoe?eio eii?n?th Oe?a?ie c
aoanoaoe?? oao?aoe?a, caeiyoeo o noa?? ?ic?iaee, noai?aiiy,
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe?? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a / ?ic?.:
I.N.Iiiiia?aiei, A.A.3aai??e, A.A.Aa?/aiei // Oa?iaoe. aeo?i. – 1998. –
? 6. – N.3-13.

8. Caai??e A.A., Iiiiia?aiei I.N., Iai?iaei?e A.A., Aiae I.A. Ae?eiaa
a?a a o/aiaiio i?ioean? – iioeiaeueia oi?ia ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
eaae??a aeey iiaiaaaaeaiue o oa?iaoe?? // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. – 1997. – ? 4.
– N.84-88.

9. Caai??e A.A. I?aai?caoe?ei? aeiiii?/i? oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? oaeoi?e
aieeao ia ?icaeoie ie?aieo iieaciee?a i?aei?e?inoa oa?iaoeaaoe/ii?
i?iieneiaino? // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. – 1997. – ? 6. – N.45-47.

10. Caai??e A.A. E?oeaicoaaiiy oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa
aoanoaoe?y oao?aoe?a o noa?? ?ic?iaee, noai?aiiy oa iioiai? ?aae?caoe??
e?e?a, ye iaeei ?c oaeoi??a i?aeaeuaiiy ?o yeino? // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. –
1998. – ? 1. – N.17-20.

11. Caai??e A.A., Iiiiia?aiei I.N, Iai?iaei?e A.A., Aiae I.A. ?icaeoie
oai?/eo cae?aiinoae i?ia?ci??a a?aeiia?aeii aei i?ae?a?aieo iioeiaeueieo
ii?i iaa/aiiy // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. – 1998. – ? 2. – N.105-111.

12. Caai??e A.A., Eyioiia I.I., Aacoaea I.I., E?e/aanueeee I.I.
I?aai?caoe?yae?iaieoeoaa ??aeei, e?ai?a oa iacae ia 3AO “Oa?iaoeaaoe/ia
o??ia “Aea?ieoey” ca aeiiaaie GI? // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. – 1998. – ? 5. –
N.21-31.

13. Caai??e A.A. Noai caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie oa e?eoaaeueieo
caeeaae?a e?ea?nueeeie caniaaie a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa // E?ea?nueea
ni?aaa. – 1998. – ? 6. – N.176-179

14. Caai?ee A.A. I?iaeaiu eeoeaice?iaaiey oa?iaoeaaoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe a Oe?aeia // Oa?iaoeey. – 1998. – ? 5. – N.33-34.

15. Iaaeeaaeauay i?iecaiaenoaaiiay i?aeoeea e caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai
Aa?iiae-neiai Nithca / A.I. Aacoaeay, I.A. Eyioiia, A.A. Caai?ee, A.E.
Aaae?iaa, E.E.A?a-eianeay, E.E. Eoeeeiaa, N.A. Oeeiaa // Oa?iaoaea. –
1998. – ? 2. – N.45-50.

16. Na?oeoeeaoeey eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa / I.A. Eyioiia, A.I. Aacoaeay,
A.A. Caai?ee, A.I. Iaoeianeee // Oa?iaoaea. – 1998. – ? 3. –
N.33-34.

17. Caai??e A.A. Iniiai? aeiiae aei i?ei?uaiue, aea aeaioiaeythoueny
e?ea?nuee? caniae a?aeiia?aeii noaiaea?o?a GI? ?N // Ca. iaoe. i?.
ni?a?ia?oiee?a EIAII ?i.I.E.Ooieea. – E.: 1998. – Eieaa 2, aei. 7. –
N.704-708.

18. Caai??e A.A. Ia?o? o??iia? aioaee o i.Ee?a? oa ?o ?ieue o i?inoaaii?
e?e?a ia oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio ?eieo Oe?a?ie // Ca. iaoe. i?. ni?a?ia?oiee?a
EIAII ?i.I.E.Ooieea. – E.: 1998. – Eieaa 2, aei. 7. – N.708-711.

19. Caai??e A.A. Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy uiaei i?aeaioiaee AO
“Oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia “Aea?ieoey” aei na?oeo?eaoe??, ae?aaeeoaoe?? oa
?ai?aai?caoe?? ae?iaie/i? aace o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiia GI? // Ca.
iaoe. i?. ni?a?ia?oiee?a EIAII ?i.I.E.Ooieea. – E.: 1998. – Eieaa 2,
aei. 7. – N.712-716.

20. Eiiaaa A.I., Caai??e A.A. Iiaeeaeaiee aiae?c ??aiy oa no?oeoo?e
caoai?thaaiino? c oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? ia AO
“Oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia “Aea?ieoey” // Ca. iaoe. i?. ni?a?ia?oiee?a EIAII
?i.I.E.Ooieea. – E.: 1998. – Eieaa 2, aei. 7. – N.716-720.

21. Ai?coiia ?.?., Caai??e A.A., Ee?e/aiei E.I. Ae?yeuei?noue oa
?icaeoie eaoaae?e i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? EIAII // Ca. iaoe. i?.
ni?a?ia?oiee?a EIAII ?i.I.E.Ooieea. – E.: 1998. – Eieaa 2, aei. 7. –
N.716-720.

22. I?iieneiaa ae?iaieoeoai a?o/eciyieo io?eoeaaoee?a – ?aaeuei?noue
nueiaiaeaiiy / E.A. Iineaeaiei, A.A. Caai??e, I.N. Iiiiia?aiei, Ae.N.
Aieio // Ca. iaoe. i?. ni?a?ia?oiee?a EIAII ?i.I.E.Ooieea. – E.: 1998.
– Eieaa 2, aei. 7. – N.791-794.

23. Iiiiia?aiei I.N., Caai??e A.A., Aiae I.A. Ia?eaoeiaiaa no?aoaa?y
ae?iaieoeoaa oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o??ie “Aea?ieoey” // Ca. iaoe. i?.
ni?a?ia?oiee?a EIAII ?i.I.E.Ooieea. – E.: 1998. – Eieaa 2, aei. 7. –
N.800-804.

24. A.n. ? 1250302 NNN?, IEE A61E 35/78. Niinia iieo/aiey yeno?aeoa
aaea?eaiu / N.ss.Nieieia, I.A.Eiiiaaeiaa, E.N.?uaaeei, A.A.Uaaeeineay,
A.A.Iie?ianeay, I.I.Iiaeueieoeeee, I.O.Eiiii, A.A.Caai?ee,
E.A.Naeaciaa(NNN?). – ? 3788377; Cayaeaii 06.09.84; Iioae. 15.04.86. –
8n.

25. A.n. ? 1293879 NNN?, IEE A61E 35/78. Niinia iieo/aiey
i?ioeai-ycaaiiiai i?aia?aoa “Ieaioiaethoeeae” / A.E.Eeoaeiaiei,
A.N.Aiiinia, O.I.Iiiiaa, A.A.AEoeia, E.A.Ia/eii?aiei, A.A.Caai?ee,
A.I.Oe?aeiaoe, A.A.Iaieaioeaaa (NNN?). – ? 3860403; Cayaeaii 28.02.85;
Iioae. 01.11.86. – 7n.

26. A.n. ? 1443239 NNN?, IEE A61E 35/78. Niinia iieo/aiey eaaeeia /
E.N.?uaaeei, I.A.Eiiiaaeiaa, A.I.Caaei?iaeiue, A.E.Oae/aiei,
A.N.Eaaaiia, I.A.Aacei?iaaeiue, A.A.Caai?ee, N.ss.Eiiueei (NNN?);
Ananithciue IEE eaea?-noaaiiuo ?anoaiee. – ? 3993136; Cayaeaii 12.12.85;
Iioae. 08.08.88. – 9n.

27. Iao. 2033160 ?inneeneay Oaaea?aoeey, IEE A61E 57/60. Niinia
i?iecaiaenoaa aeoaieia Ae3 – aaeeiaiai i?aia?aoa “Aeaeaei” /
E.E.Aiooianeay, A.A.Caai?ee, A.E.Niee?ei, A.N.?aeoa, I.O.Oo?naaaa,
A.I.Aaneeaaneay – ?4941752; Cayae. 08.04.91; Iioae. 20.04.95. – 11n.

28. Caai??e A.A. Iieiaeaiiy i?i aaciaa i?aei?e?inoai i?iieneiai?
oa?iaoe?? aeey eaoaae? i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? ?inoeooo?a, aeaaeai?e,
oaeoeueoao?a ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa oaeineiiaeaiiy eaae??a oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai
i?io?eth. – E., 1997. – 3 n.

29. ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aiae?co eaae?iaiai neeaaeo
i?aoe?a-iee?a oa aecia/aiiy iio?aae o ?o i?neyaeeieiii?e i?aeaioiaoe? /
?ic?.: A.A.Caai??e, I.N.Iiiiia?aiei. – E., 1998. – 13 n.

30. ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aiae?co, eiio?ieth oa
aeio?eiaiiy nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/iiai, a?a??i?/iiai ? oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio
i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? a oiiaao aeiia oa ii?i GI? / ?ic?.:
A.A.Caai??e, I.N.Iiiiia?aiei. – E., 1998. – 15 n.

31. ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aiae?co caoai?thaaiino? c
oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiino? o ca’yceo c oiiaaie i?aoe? oa
aeio?eiaiiy noaiaea?o?a GI? ia i?aei?e?inoaao i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? /
?ic?.: A.A.Caai??e, I.N.Iiiiia?aiei. – E., 1998. – 16 n.

32. Caai??e A.A. I?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee, ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa oaeineiiaeaiiy
eaae??a i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? // Ca. iaoe. i?. iaoe.-i?aeo.
eiio. ia /anoue 5-??//y Oe?. anioe. ia?iae. iaaeeoeeie oa Ee?anueeiai
iaae. ?i-oo. OAII, Ee?a, 12-13 /a?aiy 1997?. – E., 1997. – N.200.

33. Caai??e A.A. I?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee, ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa oaeineiiaeaiiy
eaae??a i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? // 3a. iaoe. i?. iaoe.-i?aeo.
eiio. ia /anoue 5-??//y Oe?. anioe. ia?iae. iaaeeoeeie oa Ee?anueeiai
iaae. ?i-oo. OAII, Ee?a, 12-13 /a?aiy 1997?. – E., 1997. – N.201.

34. Caai??e A.A. Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e aieeao ia
ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiai? oa?iaoe?? a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieo // Aeinyaiaiiy no/anii? oa?iaoe?? a iaaee/io i?aeoeeo: Iaoa?.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio., i?enay/. 75-??//th Oe?. oa?iaoe. aeaae. – Oa?e?a,
1996. – N.394-395.

35. Iiia?aaei? oiiae eiio?ieth ca oiaa?ieie caianaie aioaee /
I.N.Iiiiia-?aiei, I.A.Aiae, A.A.Iai?iaei?e, I.A.C?i?ia, A.A.Caai??e //
Aeinyaiaiiy no/anii? oa?iaoe?? a iaaee/io i?aeoeeo: Iaoa?. iaoe.-i?aeo.
eiio., i?enay/. 75-??//th Oe?. oa?iaoe. aeaae. – Oa?e?a, 1996. –
N.411-412.

36. Iiiiia?aiei I.N., Caai??e A.A. Aiae?c oaeoi??a iaaaoeaiiai aieeao
oiia i?aoe? na?aae ie?aieo eiioeiaaio?a i?aoe?aiee?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ii?
o??ie “Aea?ieoea” // Aeinyaiaiiy no/anii? oa?iaoe?? a iaaee/io i?aeoeeo:
Iaoa?. iaoe. i?aeo. eiio., i?enay/. 75-??//th Oe?. oa?iaoe. aeaae. –
Oa?e?a, 1996. – N.412-413.

37. Aiae I.A., Caai??e A.A., Iai?iaeiee A.A. Iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean o
aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao // I?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee iaaee/ieo oa
oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo eaae??a a Oe?a?i?: Iaoa?. iaoe.-iaoiae. eiio., Iieoaaa,
24-27 aa?aniy 1998 ?. – E., 1998. – N.15.

Caai??e A.A. “Eiiieaenia i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaa oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii
e?ea?nueeeo cania?a a oiiaao ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aaee GI? ia
oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio i?aei?e?inoa?.” – ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 15.00.01 – oaoiieia?y e?e?a oa i?iieneiaa
oa?iaoe?y. – Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii nenoaiia aea/aiiy eiiieaeniiai i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii c ae?iaieoeoaa e?ea?nueeeo cania?a o
a?aeiia?aei?noue aei aeiia GI?.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai?, ?ic?iaeai? oa cai?iiiiiaai?
?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c i?aai?caoe?? eiio?ieth oa
aeio?eiaiiy nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/iiai, oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio a oiiaao
aeio?eiaiiy ii?i oa noaiaea?o?a GI? i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa
iiaea?i?caoe?? oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai i?aei?e?inoaa; c aiae?co caoai?thaaiino?
ia?niiaeo oa oaoi?ee aaciaee; c aiae?co eaae?iaiai neeaaeo i?aoethth/eo
o noa?? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iieneiaino? oa aecia/aiiy iio?aae a ?o
i?neyaeeieiii?e i?aeaioiaoe?.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia ? ?aae?ciaaia i?ia?aia ?aeiino?oeoe?? ?
iiaea?i?caoe?? oeaoo i’yeeo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i oa ae?eueieoe? ii
aeaioiaeaiith ?i’?eoe?eieo ?ic/ei?a ia oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e o??i?
“Aea?ieoey” oa i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ia?niiaeo.

Aea/aia caoai?thaai?noue i?aoethth/eo o aca?iica’yceo c oiiaaie ?o
i?aoe?. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeayeeo o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueeeo iieaciee?a
oa iieacaia aeeiai?ea ?o ?icaeoeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa:

oi?aae?iiy, iiaea?i?caoe?y, ae?iaieoeoai, e?ea?nuee? caniae,
caoai?thaai?noue, iieacieee ae?yeueiino?.

Zagoriy V.A. The Complex Programmed Management of Drug Manufacturing
under the Conditions of Implementation of GMP regulation at a
Pharmaceutical Enterprise – Manuscript

Thesis for the scientific degree of Doctor of Pharmaceutical sciences on
speciality 15.00.01 — Technology of Drugs and Industrial Pharmacy. –
Ukrainian Academy of Pharmacy, Kharkov, 1999.

The systematic studying of the complex programmed management of Drug
Manufacturing according to the GMP reguirements has been caaried out for
the first rime.

Theoratically grounded instructional and methodical recommendation on
the control organization and following the medical-technical,
technological regimen under conditions of GMP norms and standards
adhering while carrying out the reconstruction and modernization of the
pharmaceutical plant: on analysis of the staff working in the sphere of
pharmaceutical industry and identifying the necessity of the
postgraduate training have been worked out and offered.

The programme of reconstruction and modernization of the mildmedicinal
forms section and the section on manufacturing injection solutions at
“Darnitsa” pharmaceutical firm and qualification improvement of the
staff has been scientifically grounded and implemented.

The sickess rate of the working staff in connection with the working
conditions has been studied.

The analysis on some financial and economic indices has been carried
out.

The dynamics of these indices development has been showwn.

Key words: management, modernization, manufacturing, medicinal forms,
sickness rate, activity indices.

Caai?ee A.A. “Eiiieaeniia i?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaia oi?aaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaii
eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa a oneiaeyo aiaae?aiey i?aaee GI? ia
oa?iaoeaaoe/aneii i?aaei?eyoee.” – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oa?iaoeaaoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 15.00.01 oaoiieiaey eaea?noa e i?iiuoeaiiay
oa?iaoeey. – Oe?aeineay oa?iaoeaaoe/aneay aeaaeaiey, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A ?aaioa i?iaaaeai aiaeec ninoiyiey i?iecaiaenoaa eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa
a Oe?aeia e iaeioi?uo ca?oaaaeiuo no?aiao niaeanii o?aaiaaieyi GI?.

Aia?aua a Oe?aeia i?iaaaeaii nenoaiiia eco/aiea eiiieaeniiai
i?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaiai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeai ii i?iecaiaenoao
eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa a niioaaonoaee n o?aaiaaieyie GI?.

N yoie oeaeueth ?ac?aaioaiu eino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee,
iicaieythuea i?iaanoe yenia?oioth ioeaieo nouanoaothuaai o?iaiy
oaoie/aneiai, oaoiieiae/aneiai, naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneiai e eaae?iaiai
iaania/aiey.

Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaiu, ?ac?aaioaiu e i?aaeeiaeaiu aeey i?aeoe/aneiai
eniieueciaaiey eino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?aaiecaoeee
eiio?iey, niaethaeaiey naieoa?ii-oaoie/aneiai, oaoiieiae/aneiai ?aaeeia
a oneiaeyo niaethaeaiey ii?i e noaiaea?oia GI? i?e i?iaaaeaiee
?aeiino?oeoeee e iiaea?iecaoeee oa?iaoeaaoe/aneiai i?aaei?eyoey.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaaeaeoia?iaeiua, ?aaeiiaeueiua, oaaea?aeueiua
noaiaea?ou, ii?iu e o?aaiaaiey e na?oeoeeaoeee, eeoeaice?iaaieth,
aaeeaeaoeee i?iaeoeoeee e i?iecaiaenoa nouanoaaiii ioee/athony ae?oa io
ae?oaa e o?aaotho aa?iiiecaoeee e oieoeeaoeee.

A ?aaioa iao/ii iainiiaaia e ?aaeeciaaia, a oneiaeyo oa?iaoeaaoe/aneie
oe?iu “Aea?ieoea”, i?ia?aiia ?aeiino?oeoeee e iiaea?iecaoeee niaeanii
o?aaiaaiee GI? o/anoea iyaeeo eaea?noaaiiuo oi?i ii i?iecaiaenoao iacae
(No?aioiieoie, Ieoaoeeae, Ie?aienoei) e oeaoa eiuaeoeeiiiuo ?anoai?ia ii
i?iecaiaenoao aiioe (AOO, O?eooacei, Ooi?o?aoeee, Aaioaieoeei, Aeeoeeei,
Aeaeaei).

Iniaia aieiaiea i?e oi?ioee?iaaiee eiioeaiooaeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee iao/ii
iainiiaaiiiai iiaeoiaea oaeaeaii nicaeaieth oaoiieiaee /enouo iiiauaiee,
iiioe?iaaieth niaoeiieia (oaeueoiieu), ia?aoiaeiuo oethcia, noai,
iioieeia, eiiioieeaoeee, aaoiiaoeee e eiiiuethoa?ecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa
e oi?aaeaiey.

Oniaa?oainoaiaaia oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa “Ooi?o?aoeeea”, eioi?ay
iicaieyao aica?aoeoue a i?iecaiaenoai 56,3 % iooiaeia.

?ac?aaioaiu iniiaiua i?eioeeiu e oi?iu o/anoey iacaaeneiuo iauanoaaiiuo
iauaaeeiaiee (annioeeaoeee) a eii?aeeiaoeee oa?iaoeaaoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, aooanoaoeee ia?niiaea, niaethaeaiee oa?iaoeaaoe/aneie
yoeee i?e i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa ia ?uiea
Oe?aeiu.

Aia?aua ?ac?aaioaiu eiioeaioeee ia?iaiaioiiai iao/aiey, ia?aiiaeaioiaee
e aooanoaoeee niaoeeaeenoia oa?iaoeaaoe/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. N yoie
oeaeueth, i?e Eeaaneie aeaaeaiee iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey nicaeaia
eaoaae?a i?iiuoeaiiie oa?iaoeee, aeey eioi?ie ?ac?aaioaiu o/aaiua ieaiu
e i?ia?aiiu, ecaeaii iiniaea ii na?oeoeeaoeee, eeoeaice?iaaieth e
ea/anoao eaea?noa a niioaaonoaee n o?aaiaaieyie GI?.

I?iaaaeai oaeoaeaiiue no?oeoo?ii-noaoenoe/aneee aiaeec caaieaaaaiinoe
?aaioieeia oa?iaoeaaoe/aneie oe?iu “Aea?ieoea”. A ?acoeueoaoa
onoaiiaeaii, /oi caaieaaaaiinoue acaeiinaycaia ni niaoeeoeeie
oa?iaoeaaoe/aneiai i?iecaiaenoaa e oneiaeyie o?oaea, a oaeaea caaeneo
io oaeeo oaeoi?ia, eae ia?aiia iai?yaeaiea, caaaciaaiiinoue e
caiueaiiinoue, oaiia?aoo?iue aeeneiioi?o.

A ?aaioa i?iaaaeai aiaeec iaeioi?uo oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiuo iieacaoaeae
oa?iaoeaaoe/aneie oe?iu “Aea?ieoea”, e iieacaii aeeiaieeo eo ?acaeoey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi?aaeaiea, iiaea?iecaoeey, i?iecaiaenoai,
eaea?noaaiiua n?aaenoaa, caaieaaaaiinoue, iieacaoaee aeayoaeueiinoe.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *