Кадрове забезпечення державного управління (організаційно-правовий аспект): Автореф. дис… канд. наук з держ. упр. / В.Г. Яцуба, Укр. акад. держ. упр

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e i?aceaeaioia? oe?a?ie

ssoeoaa Aieiaeeie? A?eai?iae/

OAeE: 35.08

EAAe?IAA CAAACIA*AIIss AeA?AEAAIIAI OI?AAE?IIss

(I?AAI?CAOe?EII-I?AAIAEE ANIAEO)

25.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e Aeaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe
Oe?a?ie Ao?/ae Oaae?? Ae?aiae/, Aeaaeai?y i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie,
a?oea-i?aceaeaio

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaa?’yiia Aaaeei Ai?eniae/, ?inoeooo
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A. I.Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo i?iaeai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy oa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa;

Aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?anueeee Ai?en A?eaae?eiae/,
I?ae?aa?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii,caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «15» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.810.01 a Oe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai??
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:252057,
i.Ee?a 57, aoe. Aaeaia Iioue?, 20, e.201.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie (252057,
i.Ee?a 57, aoe. Aaeaia Iioue?, 20 ).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «7» aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee,
I.I.Eiaoiiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. Eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ? iaei??th c
eeth/iaeo i?iaeai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy. ?nio? aaciina?aaeiy caeaaei?noue
?acoeueoaoeaiino? e aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy a aea?aeaa? a?ae eiai
eaae?iaiai iioaioe?aeo. Oea, a naith /a?ao, ?noioii aieeaa? ia
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue e?a?ie, aeia?iaoo ?? a?iiaaeyi, i?aeia?iaeiee
aaoi?eoao aea?aeaae.

?acii c oei, naia ia?niiae aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie
nueiaiaei? i?aeaea?oueny ??ce?e e?eoeoe?. Eiio aei??eathoue ca
a?aenooi?noue i?ioan?iiae?cio ? eiiiaoaioiino?, ?i?oe?aoeaiino? ?
??oo/ino?, i?iyae aaeaeoaeino? ? ei?oiiiaaiino?. Aeaaei? no?oeoo?e
caeioaa/othoueny a ianenoaiiiio eaae?iaiio eiiieaeooaaii? aia?aoo
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy. Ana oea ? iane?aeeii oiai, ui a Oe?a?i? ua ia
neeaeany oe?e?nia nenoaia eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy. I?e/ei oaeiai noaio /eiaei, iaeia c ieo — o?aaeeoe?eiee
aii??eci o ?iaio? c eaae?aie oa iaaeinoaoiy iaoeiaa ?ic?iaeai?noue
i?iaeaie eaae?iaiai /eiieea o i?eeiyoo? e ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue.

Ethaenueea eiiiiiaioa aea?aeaaiiai eaae?iaiai aia?aoo iaaecae/aeii
neeaaeia, eiiieaenia, aaaaoiaei??ia. ?icaeyae noa’?eo-ia’?eoieo
oi?aae?inueeeo a?aeiinei aeyaey? niaoeeo?/i? eaoaai??? oi?aae?inueeiai
ia?niiaeo caeaaeii a?ae oiai, ia ui ni?yiiaaia oi?aae?iiy, ooi eiai
cae?enith?, ye e?euee?nii e ye?nii aei??th?oueny e?ioeaaee ?acoeueoao.
Aaeaea aea?aeaaa o??th /e ?ioith i??ith ?aaoeth? an? noa?e ae?yeueiino?
noni?eueiiai i?aai?cio, cae?enithth/e caeiiiaeaa/a, aeeiiaa/a ? noaeiaa
aeaaeia oi?aae?iiy. Iei? a Oe?a?i? ae?? aeecueei noa oeaio?aeueieo
i?aai?a aeaaee, iiiaae 30 oen. aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueieo
ooai?aiue, ooieoe?iiothoue 533 i?noeaa? aea?aeaai? aaei?i?no?aoe?? oa
12,5 oen. i?noeaaeo ?aae. Caaaeueia e?euee?noue i?aoe?aiee?a a i?aaiao ?
no?oeoo?ao aea?aeaaii? aeaaee oa i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy noaiiaeoue
aeecueei 550 oen., o oiio /ene? iiiaae 230 oen. aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a. E??i oiai, ?nio? aea?aeaaiee naeoi? aeiiii?ee, ui
ia?aaeaa/a? ainiiaea?nueea oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaae a ??cieo aeiiii?/ieo
aaeocyo, yea ia? caaacia/oaaoe ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eueoa 5,5 oen.
i?aei?e?inoa, onoaiia, i?aai?caoe?e aea?aeaaii? oi?ie aeaniino?.

Ana oea iio?aao? aaeeeiai, ??ciiiai?oiiai e ??cii??aiaaiai ei?iono
oi?aae?ioe?a, yeee o?aaa oi?ioaaoe, i?aeo?eioaaoe, a?aeoai?thaaoe,
?icaeaaoe. Iaiaeii??aei?noue ? ??ciiye?ni?noue eaae?iaiai neeaaeo
coiiaeth? ??ci? oi?ie ? iaoiaee i?aai?caoe?eii? ?iaioe c iei oa
??ciioeiia caeiiiaeaanoai (eiaeaen caeii?a i?i i?aoeth, niaoeeo?/i?
caeiie i?i aea?aeaaio, a?enueeiao neoaeao oiui). A?o/eciyiee ? na?oiaee
aeina?ae iiaoaeiae aoaeoeaii? nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy,
caeiiii??ii c?inoath/a oaaaa ethaenoaa aei nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?ieo
aniaeo?a noaa?eueiiai ?icaeoeo i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?iia?aoeaio ?ieue ?
i?eioeeiiao iacai?ii?noue ethaenueeiai oaeoi?o a aea?aeaaieo
oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo?ao.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeeeaaeaiiai iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie: iio??ai? niaoe?aeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeaaaee a oe?e?nia oyaeaiiy i?i iaoai?cie ? i?ioeane
eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ??cieie noa?aie
noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Ca?aeii c i?aaeiaoieie iaaeaie iiai? aaeoc? iaoee
“aea?aeaaia oi?aae?iiy” aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co caneoaiaothoue i?eioeeie
noaiiaeaiiy, caeiiii??iino? i?aai?caoe?? e ooieoe?iioaaiiy, oaiaeaioe??
?icaeoeo eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai aia?aoo
ye aeo?aeii? oiiae oa ae?eiaiai /eiieea oni?oiiai cae?eniaiiy
nioe?aeueieo ?aoi?i.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?yiiaaia ia
?ica’ycaiiy aaaeeeai?, i?ioa iaeiaeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeaie iaoeiaiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo canaae ? caoiae?a uiaei iaae?eiiai
eaae?iaiai noi?iaiaeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy e ?icaeoeo aea?aeaaii?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie. A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny
oiiae ? oaeoi?e iie?oeei-i?aaiaiai oa i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/iiai
oa?aeoa?o, ui ? aecia/aeueieie aeey noaiiaeaiiy e oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy e iniiaiiai ?inoeoooo
oaeiai caaacia/aiiy — aea?aeaaii? neoaeae. Aeooae?co?oueny iio?aaa a
iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii? i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo, aeiiii?ei-o?iainiaeo,
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo e ?ioeo caoiae?a ii noai?aiith aoaeoeaii?
nenoaie iiooeo, a?aeai?o, i?aeaioiaee, aeei?enoaiiy, oo?eiaiiy ? ioe?iee
i?ioan?eii eiiiaoaioieo ? a?aeiia?aeaeueieo oao?aoe?a aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy. Oey i?iaeaia ? aaaaoia?aiiith oa aaaaoianiaeoiith.

Iaoeiaa inieneaiiy oeeo i?ioean?a iio??aia ianaiia?aae c iaeyaeo ia
ianooaai?noue ? aeeiai?ci oi?ioaaiiy a Oe?a?i? i?aai?a aea?aeaaii?
aeaaee, ye? ?acii c i?aaiaie i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy cae?eniththoue
aea?aeaaia oi?aae?iiy, c iaeiiai aieo, oa oaeaeea ooaa?aeaeaiiy
i?eioeeiiai iiaeo noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, ca yeeo i?e caa?aaeaii?
aea?aeaaiiai naeoi?a aeiiii?ee, eiai ea?iaaiino?, a?i noa? ??aiii?aaiei
c i?eaaoiei oa naiia?yaeiei naeoi?aie, c ae?oaiai aieo. Oae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aei? ? aeey ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai aeaaaeaiiai e
iine?aeiaiiai i?iaaaeaiiy ?eieiai-?aoi?i?nonueeeo o?ainoi?iaoe?e a
noni?euenoa?. Iaaaeueio iio?aao a iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii? oeyo?a,
i?eioeei?a ? cania?a oii?yaeeoaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiai iiey
eaae?iai? i?aeo?eiee oi?aae?inueeiai aia?aoo aea?aeaae coiiaeththoue
oaeiae ea?aeeiaeuei? ci?ie a oa?aeoa?? oa ci?no? ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaaiiai aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ia?niiaeo, i?aeaeuaiiy noni?eueieo aeiia
aei yeino? e aeinooiiino? aea?aeaaieo iineoa, ?o e?ioeaaa i???ioaoe?y ia
iio?aae a?iiaaeyi.

Ie?ai? aaaeeea? noi?iie eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy, aeeth/ath/e aea?aeaaio neoaeao, /a?ac eiai iaaecae/aeii
aaeeea cia/aiiy aaea noaee i?aaeiaoii ?icaeyaeo aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a,
a naia: A.A.Aaa?’yiiaa, A.A.Aoaiai/oea, A.Ae.Aaae?ia, A.I.Aaaeea,
O.A.Ao?/aea, A.A.Aa?anueeiai, A.Ao?ia, N.Ae.Aeoaaiei, A.I.Eiyc?aa,
A.A.E?aiaiy, ?.A.Eoaea, A.?.Eae?eiaa, A.?.Eoaiaiai, ?.O.Iaaeieueiiai,
I.?.Ieaeiee, I.TH.Iaieainueeiai, TH.I.Iaoiiiaa, I.A.Iao?eoeia,
A.O.Iiai??eea, A.?aeoa, A.A.?aaeaea, N.A.?yaiaa, A.?.Nai/eea,
A.O.N??aiea, I.A.Ne?eiithea, A.A.Neo?ao?anueeiai, I.I.No?aeueaeoeueeiai,
A.A.Oea?oeiaa, A.I.Oaiiaaea, A.A.Uie?ia e ?ioeo. Iaeiae a?aeo? ?ia?o
ocaaaeueithth/iai oa?aeoa?o, nenoaiii-eiiieaeniiai ?icaeyaeo ieoaiue
aea?aeaaii? eaae?iai? iie?oeee ye a ?noi?e/iiio, oae ? oai?aoe/iiio
aniaeoao, ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aeina?aeo ae??oaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo i?iaeai eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy
oi?aae?inueei-aea?aeaaii? ooieoe??. Oiio aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?
iaaiith i??ith onoiooe oe? i?iaaeeie, inieneeoe e ocaaaeueieoe eiei
ieoaiue, ye? oaeoe/ii aeiaaeathoue c iiey ci?o oao?aoe?a ?ioeo aaeocae
iaoee — iie?oieia?a, th?eno?a, aeiiii?no?a, nioe?ieia?a, ineoieia?a a ?o
niaoe?aeueieo i?aoeyo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia? ?i?oe?aoeaiee oa?aeoa?, eii?aeeio?oueny eiiieaeniei iaoeiaei
i?iaeoii “Aea?aeaaia oi?aae?iiy oa i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy”
Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia?
Oe?a?ie, o?nii iia’ycaia ?c caaaeaiiyie ? ieaiaie ?aaee ii ?iaio? c
eaae?aie i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, ?aaee ?aa?ii?a i?e I?aceaeaioia?
Oe?a?ie, Eii?aeeiaoe?eii? ?aaee c ieoaiue i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaii? eii?n?? c i?iaaaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aoi?ie, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeeoue aaoi?, oa
ae?yeuei?noth Aaei?i?no?aoe?? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie ? Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie uiaei ?ic?iaee oa ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? eaae?iai? iie?oeee ?
?iaioe c eaae?aie i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee oa i?aai?a i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa, onoaiia ? i?aai?caoe?e.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaathoue o ?ice?eoo? aaciaeo
i?eioeei?a, iniiaieo caeiiii??iinoae, i?ia?aeieo oaiaeaioe?e ?
niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy eaae?iaiai ei?iono aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy a Oe?a?i? c o?aooaaiiyi ?noi?eei-iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e oa
aieiaieo iai?yi?a na?oiaiai ?icaeoeo, aecia/aii? ia oe?e i?aenoaa?
ae?eiaeo iaoai?ci?a i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy eaae?aie
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy a aea?aeaa?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe noi?ioeueiaaii caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe nenoaii? aeanoeaino? eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy ye
oe?e?nii? neeaaeiii?aai?ciaaii? eiiiiiaioe aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy;

· aecia/eoe nooi?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee aea?aeaaii-oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe?;

· i?iaiae?coaaoe caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?, i???ioiaaiiai
ia nenoaio aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy;

· ?ice?eoe aeai?eoie i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy eaae?iai?
?iaioe uiaei i?aeaioiaee iio??aii? e?eueeino? e yeino? i?aoe?aiee?a aeey
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, noai?aiiy ae?eiaeo iaoai?ci?a oa i?ioeaaeo? ?o
a?aeai?o, aeoiaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy;

· iaa?oiooaaoe i?eioeeie ? e?eoa??? iioei?caoe?? ia’?eoeaieo oa
noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a i?e oi?ioaaii? ci?noo ? oa?aeoa?o i?aoe?
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, i?ioan?ia?ao?/iiai oa ineoia?ao?/iiai iieno
?oiuei? ae?yeueiino?, nenoaie eeaneo?eaoe?? iinaae, niinia?a a?aeai?o,
i?ecia/aiiy, i?inoaaiiy, ?ioaoe?? eaae??a, ioe?iee ? iioeaaoe?? ?o
i?aoe?;

· aeyaeoe i?ia?aei? oaiaeaioe?? oa noi?ioethaaoe i??i?eoaoe iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo canaae eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a oiiaao cae?enithaaii? a Oe?a?i?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aoi?ie.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy
nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a Oe?a?i? a i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiio
aniaeo? i?aaenoaaeaii ye i?ioean aeieeiaiiy, noaiiaeaiiy,
ooieoe?iioaaiiy e oaeineiiaeaiiy oe?e?niiai ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai iiey oa
iaiao?aeieo i?aai?caoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a ? i?ioeaaeo? oi?ioaaiiy ei?iono
oao?aoe?a, i?eaeaoieo i?ioan?eii i?aoethaaoe a aea?aeaai?e
aaei?i?no?aoeai?e nenoai?. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co a?o/eciyiiai oa
na?oiaiai ?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo aeyaeaia i?aaiaa ? ooieoe?iiaeueia i??a
caeaoiino? aea?aeaae noai?thaaoe oe?e?nio nenoaio ?iaioe c eaae?aie
neoaeaiaoe?a, nai?/anii ?o a?aeae?aoe, aiooaaoe, caeo/aoe aei
oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? oa iaeaaeiei /eiii ioe?ithaaoe,
noeioethaaoe, caioi/oaaoe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaia oe?e?nia
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaa eiioeaioe?y eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa,
cie?aia:

· aeyaeaii aeooaeuei? i?eioeeie, caeiiii??iino?, oaiaeaioe??,
iniaeeaino? eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy,
nooi?iue oa niaoeeo?eo ?o a?aeia?aaeaiiy ? a?aooaaiiy a
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo caoiaeao aea?aeaaiiai ea??aieoeoaa Oe?a?ie;

· ?ice?eoi aca?iica’ycie caaaeueiinoni?eueii? ? eaae?iai-oi?aae?inueei?
e?ece, i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiao caeaaei?noue inoaiiuei? a?ae
iaiine?aeiaiino? ? iacaaa?oaiino? i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo caoiae?a c
eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy;

· aaaaeaii a iaoeiaee ia?a iiiyooy “iae?inenoaiii? aeanoaa?e?caoe??
eaae?iaiai iioaioe?aeo aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy”, ui aea? ciiao
?icaeyaeaoe ?icaeoie e?ec o noni?euenoa? /a?ac aeao?oeeo iaoeiaiai
caaacia/aiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo canaae ?iaioe c eaae?aie a i?ioean?
?ic?iaee ? cae?eniaiiy nioe?aeueieo ?aoi?i, cie?aia aaei?i?no?aoeaii?;

· a?aoiaioiaaii iieiaeaiiy, ca yeei iaoeiai inieneaia, nenoaiii
i?aai?ciaaia, caeiiiaeaa/i i?aee??ieaia eaae?iaa ?iaioa a aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aae?ii? iiaea ?icaeyaeaoenue ye nenoaiiooai?thth/a “oi/ea c?inoaiiy”,
aieiaia oiiaa i?aeaioiaee oi?aae?inueeeo eaae??a iiai? oi?iaoe??;

· iieacaii, ui oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiaeo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a ?
i?ioeaaeo? eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy a?aenoa? a?ae ?inoeoooe?eiiai
noaiiaeaiiy i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee oa i?aai?a i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, aea?aeaaiiai ? iaaea?aeaaiiai naeoi??a aeiiii?ee, ca
oiia iaaei?ic?iaeaiino? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai iiey aeey ?iciaaeoaaiiy a
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aae?ii? iie?oe/ii? e aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino? oa
noai?aiiy iie?oe/ii iaeo?aeueii? i?ioan?eii? aea?aeaaii? neoaeae.

Ia oeeo i?aenoaaao aei oiiaeo iaoeiaeo canaae aaeoc? “aea?aeaaia
oi?aae?iiy” cai?iiiiiaaii e?eueea iiaeo ?aeae, cie?aia, noiniaii ci?noo
? ni?yiiaaiino? eaae?iai? iie?oeee, oi?i ? iaoiae?a ?iaioe c eaae?aie, a
oaeiae oiiaeniiaie i?i iaaaciaeo iiaoi?aiiy a iao? aei? iiieeie ieioeiai
uiaei iie?oecaoe?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, aeei?enoaiiy noa’?eoeaieo
iaoiae?a i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o e ioe?iee i??e eiiiaoaioiino? aea?aeaaieo
oi?aae?ioe?a, iaiaaeaiiy ?o neoaeaiai? ?i?oe?aoeae ? iaaecia/aiino? i??e
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?. Ie?aneaii i??i?eoaoe oa oeyoe
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiai aaeineiiaeaiiy eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii eiie?aoi? iai?yie iiaeaeueoeo
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei caa?aaeaiiy, iiiaeaiiy oa i?eiiiaeaiiy
eaae?iaiai iioaioe?aeo aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie.

Iaoiaee ? iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ?iaio? aeei?enoaii iioaioe?ae
oaeeo oai?aoe/ieo iaoiae?a: ?noi?e/iiai ? eia?/iiai, nenoaiiiai ?
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co, noaoenoe/iiai ? i?iaiinoe/iiai i?aeoiae?a,
aenia?oieo ? a?iioaoe/ieo ioe?iie, a oaeiae aii???/ieo iaoiae?a:
niinoa?aaeaiiy, iieooaaiiy, aenia?eiaioo, ?ioa?a’th, eeaneo?eaoe??,
aeno?aiieyoe??, o?iiieia?/iiai oa ?i. Iaoiaeeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia aaca
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeaaeei eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo oiiaeeeaeea i?aeo?ae
aei i?iaeaie eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy o
iie?oeei-i?aaiaiio oa o?einionueei-nioe?ieia?/iiio aniaeoao. Aeaiee
iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae coiiaea, o naith /a?ao, “aeo?ae” ia
aen?ieia?/iee ??aaiue oeoia/aiiy /eiieo i?aaiaeo ii?i oa eiia??iiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy, i?eoaiaiiiai i?aaia?e ? nioe?aeuei?e aea?aeaa?
caeiiiaeaa/iai iiey eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy an??? nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Canoiniaai? a aeena?oaoe??
i?aeoiaee oa aeniiaee uiaei nenoaiiiai aiae?co i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiai
caaacia/aiiy eaae?iai? ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye iaoeiaeie,
oae ? i?aeoe/ieie i?aoe?aieeaie nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy.
Ianaiia?aae, oea noino?oueny oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? eaae?iai? iie?oeee;
noai?aiiy caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie ?iaioe c eaae?aie; ?ic?iaee ?
?aae?caoe?? i?ia?ai eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai aia?aoo; ?iciaaeoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ? iie?oe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? oa aeae?eaiiy i?aeaaeocaai? a?oie aeueo aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a; ?ic?iaee ye?nieo ? e?euee?nieo ioe?iie ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo,
i?ioan?eii aaaeeeaeo eaae?o?eaoe?eieo oa ineoio?ce/ieo iciae
i?aoe?aiee?a; eeaneo?eaoe?? oa i?ioan?ia?ao?/ii? ianii?oecaoe?? iinaae,
i?aeaioiaee iinaaeiaeo ?ino?oeoe?e; ooai?aiiy oe?e?nii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy
eaae??a; oaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaioe eiieo?nieo, aoanoaoe?eieo eii?n?e,
iaoai?ci?a i?ecia/aiiy, i?inoaaiiy, aiioeaoaaiiy oi?aae?inueeiai
ia?niiaeo.

Iniiai? aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe?? aaoi?a noi?ioeueiaaii ? ?aae?ciaaii i?e
noai?aii? a e?a?i? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee, ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a; i?e ooai?aii? Oe?a?inueei?
Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie c ??
o?e?aeaie ye aieiaiiai aeuiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo oe??? nenoaie; i?e
oi?ioaaii? ? aeeiiaii? I?ia?aie eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae oa I?ia?aie ?iaioe c ea??aieeaie aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa,
onoaiia ? i?aai?caoe?e; i?e ooi/iaii? a i?aaiao oeaio?aeueii? aeeiiaa/i?
aeaaee i?eioeei?a oa e?eoa???a a?aeai?o, ?ioaoe?? eaae??a, ioe?iie
?acoeueoao?a i?aoe? oa iae?eo neoaeaiai-iinaaeiaiai i?inoaaiiy,
noai?aiiy eaae?iaiai ?aca?ao, iii?oi?eiao eaae?iai? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?iaioa ? naiino?eiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi,
i?noeoue i?e??no iaoeiaeo ciaiue. An? iaoeiai-aiae?oe/i? oa
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii ia
iniia? aeaea?aeiciaa/iai aiae?co, ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo aea?aeaaii? oa
a?aeii/i? noaoenoeee, aeanieo niinoa?aaeaiue i?ae /an i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe
ia iinaaeao ia?oiai canooiieea Aeaae Aaei?i?no?aoe?? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie
oa ia?oiai canooiieea I?i?no?a Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie. O 1994-1999
??. aaoi? a?aa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii?
caeiiiaeaanoaa oa eiie?aoieo i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a c eaae?iaiai
caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, ooai?aii? nenoaie aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae, oii?yaeeoaaii? ?iaioe c ea??aieeaie aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa,
onoaiia e i?aai?caoe?e, i?aeaioiaoe? a?aeiia?aeieo oeac?a oa
?icii?yaeaeaiue I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie, aeo?a Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie,
??oaiue aei?aae/eo i?aai?a i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. ?aea? ni?aaaoi??a
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue caeiaoaa/a a ?iaio? ia aeei?enoiaoaaeeny.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
ii?eethaeiaii ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, neiiic?oiao, nai?ia?ao. O ?o
/ene?: “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a Oe?a?ie” (I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y,
Ee?a, 1996 ?.); “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy ? iaoiaeeee
aeeeaaeaiiy a nenoai? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a” (I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y, Ee?a, 1997
?.); “Eiioeaioe?y aoiai?cio a noaiiaeaii? oa ?icaeoeo i?ioan?eii?
ina?oe” (I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y, Iaeana, 1997 ?.);
“Aaei?i?no?aoeaia ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?” (I?aeia?iaeiee neiiic?oi, Ee?a,
1997 ?.); “Iaoeiaa caaacia/aiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?i?”
(Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y, Ee?a, 1999 ?.). Aeena?oaoe?y
iaaiai?thaaeany eaoaae?ith aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ? iaiaaeaeiaioo
Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia?
Oe?a?ie, i?i ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? aeiiia?aeaa ?aae? ii
?iaio? c eaae?aie i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, ?aae? ?aa?ii?a i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, Eii?aeeiaoe?ei?e ?aae? c ieoaiue i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaai?e eii?n?? c
i?iaaaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aoi?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. C oai?aoe/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii
iioae?eiaaii 9 iaoeiaeo noaoae, o?e c yeeo — o ni?aaaoi?noa? (caaaeueiei
ianyaii — 4,5 ae?. a?e.). O ?o /ene?: 6 noaoae iioae?eiaaii o oaoiaeo
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo c i?iaeaiaoeee aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae oa eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano aea?aeaaioai?aiiy ? 3 noaoo?
— o ca??ieeao iaoa??ae?a aeaio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e oa
iaeiiai i?aeia?iaeiiai oai?aoe/iiai neiiic?oio.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a (eiaeai c yeeo ia? aioo??oi?e i?iaeaiiee ?iciiae?e ia 2
i?ae?icae?ee), aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Ianya iniiaiiai
ci?noo aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 179, a caaaeueiee — 210 noi??iie.
?enoie?a — 18. Aeei?enoaii aeaea?ae — 353, o oiio /ene? — 81 ?iicaiieie
iiaaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O “Anooi?” iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? oaie,
aecia/athoueny iaoa ? caaaeaiiy, a?iioaca ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy;
oi?ioeththoueny aeniiaee i?i oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??, ?o iiaecio oa nooi?iue ai?iaaoe?? o oaoia?e
a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo??; aiae?co?oueny eiioeaiooaeueiee
ci?no iioeiaeueiiai eiea (a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo) oaoiaeo
ia?oiaeaea?ae ? iie?oeei-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaio?a, o yeeo a?aeia?aaeaia
aiaeae iaeaeeae/a aei oaie aeena?oaoe?? iaoeiaa i?iaeaiaoeea.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Oai?aoeei-?noi?e/i? iniiae oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? /eiieee eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy ye noa?e i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?” — ?icaeyaeathoueny a
i?ciaaaeueii-?noi?e/iiio aniaeo? oai?aoe/i? iiaeyaee ia aeine?aeaeoaaio
i?iaeaio, ui iaeaaeaoue a?o/eciyiei oa ca?oa?aeiei iie?oieiaai,
i?aaiciaaoeyi, ?noi?eeai-aea?aeaaiciaaoeyi, aeiiii?noai, nioe?ieiaai,
ineoieiaai. C’yniaothoueny nooi?noue, caeiiii??iino? e iniaeeaino?
i?ioeano ca?iaeaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ye noa?e caeiyoino?, ?ie? a ?? oi?ioaaii? ?
ooieoe?iioaaii? i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiai aaceno. Aiae?cothoueny oiiae ?
oaeoi?e, ui noeioethaaee aai no?eioaaee noaiiaeaiiy oa oaeineiiaeaiiy
oe??? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i? a iiia?aaei? ?iee. A no?oeoo?iiio nain?
?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a.

I?ae?icae?e 1.1. — “Noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiue i?i
eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai aia?aoo” —
i?enay/aii aeyaeaiith noaio aeine?aeaeaiino? i?iaeaie, ?nioth/eo
i?aeoiae?a aei iaoeiaiai ?icaeyaeo ?iaioe c eaae?aie aea?aeaaii?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie, aiae?co?oueny iaoiaeieia?y oeoia/aiiy oa
noai?aeeiaoe?? iiiyoue ? oa?i?i?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue niaoeeo?eo
eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee ? i?aai?a i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, aea?aeaaiiai naeoi?a aeiiii?ee: “aea?aeaaia
oi?aae?iiy”, “aea?aeaaia eaae?iaa iie?oeea”, “aea?aeaaia neoaeaa”,
“?iaioa c eaae?aie”, “eaae?iaee ?aca?a”, “i?ioan?eia eiiiaoaioe?y”,
“i?ioan?eiee a?aea??”, “i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea”, “i?ioan?ei?
iiaiiaaaeaiiy”, “iaia’ycee ? i?aaa eaae??a”, “a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue”
oiui. A aiae?c? i?iaeai ?aae?ciaaii caaaeueiinenoaiiee i?aeo?ae, yeee
oiiaeeeaeth? oe?e?nia aa/aiiy iie?oeei-i?aaiaeo,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo,
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo, a?eiai-aeaiia?ao?/ieo oa ?ioeo neeaaeiaeo, ui
aecia/athoue oiiae oni?oii? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? oao?aoe?a nenoaie
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy.

C?iaeaii aeaea?aeiciaa/ee aiae?c aeaaii iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue,
ye? i?noyoue aeai? ? cia/ou? ocaaaeueiaiiy i?i eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy
nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? oi?ie ? iaoiaee
oe??? ?iaioe oa iaoai?cie ? i?ioeaaeo?e ?aae?caoe?? ia i?aeoeoe?
a?aeiia?aeieo iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie. Cie?aia, i?iaiae?ciaaii iaeia?aeii?
i?aoe? aeiiii?no?a, th?eno?a, ineoieia?a ieioeeo ?ie?a —
“I?ioanneiiaeueiue iiaeai? e aai nioeeaeueiue niune” O.?.Aeoia?anueeiai
(1923); “I?iaeaiu i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iiaeai?a ?oeiaiaeyueo eaae?ia a
NNN?” A.?.Iaoiie/?aa (1926); “Eniuoaiey i?ioanneiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaeaiinoe” I.Ae.Eaaeoiaa (1927); “Ineoieiaey o?oaea e
ineoioaoieea” ca ?aae. ?.I.Oieeue?aeia (1929); “Aii?inu
ineoioaoie/aneiai i?ioioai?a” ?.I.Aa?eiaa ? A.A.Aa?aiiaa (1931) oa ?i.,
a yeeo ?yae ?c iinoaaeaieo a ieo i?iaeai oa aeneiaeaieo i?iiiceoe?e ia
ao?aoeee nai?? aeooaeueiino? e a iao? aei?.

Iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii aiae?cia? aea?aeaaiciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e
a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a. Oea, cie?aia: “Aeenoeeieeia e
ioaaonoaaiiinoue a aiia?aoa ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey” A.A.Oea?oeiaa
oa A.?.Ua?aaea (1985); “Aiia?ao ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey:
niaea?aeaiea aeayoaeueiinoe e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua no?oeoo?u” A.A.Aaa?’yiiaa
(1990); “Ainoaea?noaaiii-oi?aaeai/aneea ioiioaiey a aeaiie?aoe/aneii
iauanoaa” I.?.Ieaeiee (1995); “Ainoaea?noaaiiay neoaeaa.
Enoi?eei-oai?aoe/aneea i?aaeiinueee, n?aaieoaeueii-i?aaiaie e
eiaeei-iiiyoeeiue aiaeec” A.A.Iao?eoeia (1998); “?aoi?ioaaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a Oe?a?i?: i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae” eieaeoeao
aaoi??a i?ae ea??aieoeoaii A.A.Oea?oeiaa (1998). Oe? i?aoe?, iii?e
iniaeeaino? ??ciiiai?oieo iaoeiaeo oe?e, iiceoe?e ? oi/ie ci?o aaoi??a,
aeei?enoai? ye oai?aoe/ia i?aea?oioy aeey inieneaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy, aea?aeaaii? neoaeae, ?o i?aaiaiai e i?aai?caoe?eiiai iiey.

Nie?ath/enue ia aiae?c i?aoeue iaoeiaoe?a-ineoieia?a, oao?aoe?a
nenoaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue, c?iaeaii aeniiaee uiaei iaiao?aeiino?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai cae??ieaiiy oa i?aai?caoe?eii-i?ioeaaeo?iiai
ioi?ieaiiy ?ic?iaee e canoinoaaiiy a eaae?ia?e ?iaio? aia?aoo?ieo,
oanoiaeo, aieaoieo iaoiaeee aeey aeyaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?eaeaoiino?,
e?aea?nueeeo oa ?ioeo yeinoae aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ia?niiaeo oiui.
?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeoeo oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiue i?i
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? canaaee eaae?iai? ?iaioe c oao?aoeyie
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ye a ?noi?e/iiio, oae ? a eia?/iiio aniaeoao.
Iaaieioo?oueny ia i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaiio aca?iica’yceo oaeoe/ii?
caai?iie a 30-o? ?iee ineoieiai-o?c?ieia?/ieo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?ioan?eii? i?eaeaoiino? ia?niiaeo
neeaaeii? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe? oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy ia i?aeoeoe?; ia
i?aei?i? iaoeiaiai i?aeoiaeo a eaae?ia?e ?iaio? ?aeaieia?/ii
ni?yiiaaieie ia?o?eii-iie?oe/ieie eaiiai?yie, ?ai?an?yie uiaei
?iaeiieney/eo, aeeo/aiiyi aaaeeeaiai /eiieea ae?aaiinoeee e aiae?co
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?ioan?eii-iinaaeiai? i?eaeaoiino? ia i?aenoaa?
aea/aiiy ineoio?ce/ieo eaae?o?eaoe?eieo iciae i?aoe?aiee?a; ia aiae?cia?
oaeoi??a ? /eiiee?a iaioaaiiy nooi iie?oe/ii? i???ioaoe?? eaae??a
aea?aeneoaeaiaoe?a, a a 50-80-o ?ieao — ni?ia iaoeiai? aiieiaaoeee oa
iioe?aiiy i?aeoeee “ni?yiiaoaaiiy”, ianaiia?aae iieiae?, o iai?anoeaei?
noa?e i?aoe?. Oi?ioeth?oueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui eeoa iai?ee?ioe? 80-o —
ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ?aaeueia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaii? ?iaioe c eaae?aie aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, ui aoei
neioaciaaii a i?eeiyoiio o 1993 ?. Caeii? Oe?a?ie “I?i aea?aeaaio
neoaeao”.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.2. — “Caaacia/aiiy eaae?aie aea?aeaaii?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie a Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo e?a?iao o 20-80-o? ?iee” —
a?aeoai?aii ?noi?e/io eia?eo ?icaeoeo aea?aeaaii? eaae?iai? iie?oeee,
i?eioeei?a ? canaae caeo/aiiy i?aoe?aiee?a aei aea?aeaaii?
oi?aae?inueei? ni?aae a oiiaao cacia/aiiai /ano. Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui naia
a oeae ia??iae nooe?eueia iiii?aeaieia?caoe?y aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe
neoaoaaea aei?aaaeaiith ? i?iiaaaiae? ae?ae iie?oeciaaieo
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo eaae?iaeo caoiae?a, caeo/aiith i?aoe?aiee?a aei
ia?o?eiiai ? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy iica iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
i?ioan?eii? i?eaeaoiino?, ?aaeueieo iniaenoeo caneoa eaae??a, ?oiuei?
eiiiaoaioiino? a oi?aae?inuee?e ae?yeueiino?, a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ii?
iiceoe??, ??aiai ina?oe. Oi?ioeth?oueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iiae?ai?
“caoiaee” oaeoe/ii aeieoaaee ni?iae cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia an?o ??aiyo
iaoeiai-i?aaiaeo canaae aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy.

Ia a?o/eciyiiio oe? i?iaiae?ciaaii ?noi?eei-iie?oe/iee aeina?ae
?icaeiooeo e?a?i — NOA, Aaeeeia?eoai??, I?ia//eie, O?aioe??, ?oae??,
O?ieyiae?? oa ?i., ye? a oie naiee ia??iae ia?aaeeaaee nioe?aeuei?
i?ioeane, aiaeia?/i? iei?oi?i a noaa?aii?e Oe?a?i?: a aeiiii?/i?e noa??
— ?eieiai-?aoi?iaoi?nuee? o?ainoi?iaoe??, a nioe?aeuei?e — noaiiaeaiiy
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa ? na?aaeiueiai eeano, a iie?oe/i?e —
aeieeiaiiy ?aeeiiaea?aeaaii? iie?oe/ii? iaoe??, iie?oeei-i?aaia?
?aoi?ie, aeiaoaeiao i?aaiai? ? nioe?aeueii? aea?aeaae. Aaoi?nueeee
caaeoi iieyaaa o aeyaeaii? a aeina?ae? aeacaieo e?a?i ye
caaaeueiicaeiiii??iiai, oae ? ?noi?eei-niaoeeo?/iiai o ni?aa?
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy nenoaie aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy oa
iaeaaeiiai eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy. Iaeaieiai?oa, ui aaoi?ia? aaeaeiny
c’ynoaaoe, a?aee?enoae?ciao?oueny o o?ueio iniiaieo ioieoao: a on?o
caaaeaieo e?a?iao — 1) noeo?ei?noue ? a?aeii/?noue o ?iaio? c eaae?aie
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a ia ii/aoeo 20-o ?ie?a iia?eueii ? aiaaiaii
iinooia?oueny nenoaiii-i?aai?caoe?eiei oa ii?iaoeaii-oii?yaeeiaaiei
oi?iai ? iaoiaeai; 2) ia noai?i i?aaiaeo canaaeao — iniaeeai c 50-o
?ie?a — iinooiiai neeaaea?oueny caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueia nenoaia
aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ? nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy oa a?aeiia?aeii? ?e
i?aenenoaie i?aeaioiaee, aeoiaaiiy ? ?icnoaiiaee eaae??a; 3) c ii/aoeo
80-o ?ie?a neeaaea?oueny ? caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueia nenoaia aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae ?c a?aeiia?aeiith ?e oe?e?niith ia?aaeath ia o?eueee i?aaiai?, a
e iaoeiai-?aoe?iiae?noe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? caeiyoino? eaae??a a on?e
nenoai? aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ? oi?aae?iiy ni?aaaie noni?euenoaa.

Neioaoe/iei aea aeniiaeii oeueiai ?icae?eo ? ianooiiee: ia?aeiiei
/eiieeii i?aai?caoe?? ?aoe?iiaeueii? ?iaioe c eaae?aie aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a a on?o ii-ni?aaaeiueiio oeea?e?ciaaieo e?a?iao aenooia?
aecia/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ineoio?ce/ieo ? eaae?o?eaoe?eieo yeinoae
eiaeii? eiie?aoii? ethaeeie, ?? iio?aa, iioea?a e ?ioa?an?a, a oaeiae
a?aeiia?aeiino? aea?aeaaiei ii?iai ? noaiaea?oai uiaei i?ioan?eii?
i?eaeaoiino? aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey aei ?iaioe ia iaai?e iinaae? a
i?aai?, onoaiia?, i?aai?caoe??.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e — “Caaaeueia ? iniaeeaa a eaae?iaiio caaacia/aii?
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a Oe?a?i? oa ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao o 90-o? ?iee” —
i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo i?ia?aeieo oaiaeaioe?e oa oa?aeoa?ieo ci?i, ye?
i?eoaiaii? ?icaeiooei e?a?iai oa e?a?iai ia?ao?aeiiai noaio, cie?aia,
Oe?a?i?. ?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a, a eio?eo
aeine?aeaeothoueny oai?aoe/i? canaaee iineeaiiy ?ie?, ci?oeiaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo canaae, ?icoe?aiiy eiea oi?i ? iaoiae?a ?iaioe c
ia?niiaeii aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, eiai aieeao ia ye?noue noni?eueieo
ia?aoai?aiue oa ?aae?caoe?th ia?niaeoea noaa?eueiiai ?icaeoeo
a?aeiia?aeieo e?a?i.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.1. — “Eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a
Oe?a?i?” — ?ice?eaathoueny i??i?eoaoi? iai?yie eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy
aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie a Oe?a?i? i?ioyaii inoaiiueiai
aeanyoe??//y, aei yeeo a?aeianaii: noai?aiiy nenoaie ?iaioe c eaae?aie,
?ic?iaeo oa aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/eo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo canaae ??
noaiiaeaiiy e ooieoe?iioaaiiy, i?ioan?iiae?caoe?th aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy e aea?aeaaii? neoaeae, oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?aeaioiaee,
ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a.
Noaa?aeaeo?oueny aeoiea i?i oa, ui caaacia/aiiy oeeo iai?yi?a aeiaaa?
iiaeieaiiy ?icii?ioaiino? e aeeaeoecio ie?aieo iaoai?ci?a ? i?ioeaaeo?
eaae?iai? ?iaioe, nenoaiii-eiiieaeniiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aaeeeaeueieo
ae?e c aeaiie?oecaoe??, i?ioan?iiae?caoe??, ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? oa
ii?ae?caoe?? i?aoe? a aea?aeaaiiio oi?aae?ii?, ?icaeoeo ?inoeooo?a
eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie, iineeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-i?aaiai? i?aeo?eiee i?aoethth/eo, aeeiai?caoe?? ?eieo
i?aoe?, eaae?iai? eiieo?aioe??, ?ic?iaee e?eoa???a ioe?iee i?aoe?,
onoiaiiy aeoaethaaiiy iiaiiaaaeaiue oa aeao?oeeoo ia?niiaeueii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?. C?iaeaii aeniiaie: ?ica’ycaiiy aeaieo i?iaeai
ia?aaeaa/a? ?aae?caoe?th nenoaiieo eaae?iaeo i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo
caoiae?a, aeoea?caoe?th iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo ae?e c aiae?co a?o/eciyiiai
oa aaeaioaoe?? ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo, ia?aa??aieo aeeooyi noaiaea?o?a ?
ii?i ?icaeiooeo e?a?i uiaei eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.2. — “?iaioa ?c caaacia/aiiy eaae?aie aea?aeaaiiai
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai aia?aoo a ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao oa e?a?iao ia?ao?aeiiai
noaio” — aiae?co?oueny i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaa niaoeeo?ea, ui coiiaeea
ia?aoai?aiiy ?iaioe c eaae?aie a 90-o? ?iee ia eiiieaeni?, ocaiaeaeai? a
ianooaaao on??? aea?aeaae, nenoaie ae?e c a?aeai?o, i?aeaioiaee,
aeei?enoaiiy, ioe?iee, iioeaaoe?? eaae??a o aea?aeaaiiio oi?aae?ii?.
C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i oa, ui aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaioe c eaae?aie iino?eii
i?iaiaeeoueny a e?a?iao ?c noaa?eueieie nioe?aeueieie nenoaiaie, cie?aia
a NOA, Aaeeeia?eoai??, I?ia//ei?, O?aioe?? oa ?i. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui
caii?oeith oni?oiino? oe??? ?iaioe aenooia? ?ic?iaea a?aeiia?aeiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa, noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a, oi?ioaaiiy
?inoeoooo ?icaaeoaeaii? aea?aeaaii? neoaeae oa niaoe?aeueii? nenoaie
i?aeaioiaee, ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? eaae??a
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy. A?aene?aeeiao?oueny oaeiae caeaaei?noue nenoaie
naeaeoe?? oa iaa/aiiy eaae??a a?ae oeio aea?aeaaii? neoaeae — ea?’??ii?
(?a?iia) /e eiio?aeoii? (I?ai?/ia Aia?eea). I?e oeueiio iino?eii
oaeineiiaeththoueny i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? canaaee c i?aeaeuaiiy
i?anoeaeo ? i?eaaaeeaino?, aiioeaiaaiino? e ona?aeiieaiino? i?aoe? a
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aae?ii? a?aeiia?aeii aei eiie?aoieo oe?eae
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. ?acii c iino?eiei iii?oi?eiaii ?aaeueii?
eaae?iai? neooaoe?? oea aea? ciiao nooo?ai iie?iooaaoe a?aeoai?aiiy
oi?aae?inueeeo eaae??a a?aeiia?aeii aei iioi/ieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo
i?aeoe/ieo iio?aa.

Aecia/aii oa?aeoa?i? ?ene, i?eoaiaii? eaae?ia?e ?iaio? a 90-o? ?iee
a?oi? e?a?i ia?ao?aeiiai noaio, cie?aia Oe?a?i?. Oea — a?aenooi?noue
aeina?aeo ?ic?iaee oa ?aae?caoe?? no?aoaa?? ? oaeoeee aeiai?o,
i?aeaioiaee oa ?icnoaiiaee eaae??a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a iiaeo
oiiaao iacaeaaeiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy e ooaa?aeaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ieo
canaae noni?eueiiai aeeooy; ia?aaeyae ooieoe?e, no?oeoo?e i?aai?a
aeaaee, oi?i, noee?a ? iaoiae?a ea??aieoeoaa; ia?ic?iaeai?noue iaoeiaeo
i?aeoiae?a aei noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo nenoai eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy
oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaae, cie?aia iaa/aiiy oi?aae?inueeiai
ia?niiaeo, ?o iaaeinoaoiy i?aai?caoe?eia, i?aaiaa, o?iainiaa iniiaa.
C?aooith, aiae?cothoueny aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, ?o niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? oa iiceoeaiee
aeina?ae ?ica’ycaiiy a iinoeiioi?noe/ieo e?a?iao.

O?ao?e ?icae?e — “I?ioan?iiae?caoe?y aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
nenoaie a Oe?a?i?: no?aoaa?y ? ia?niaeoeae” — i?enay/aiee i?iaeaiai
eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ye ie?aiiai aeaeo
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ui ? aaaeeeaith ia?aaeoiiaith aeoiaeo e?a?ie
?c nenoaiii? e?ece, cae?eniaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aoi?ie oa
caaacia/aiiy ia oe?e iniia? noaa?eueiiai noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo, a?aeieo
aeey a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie oiia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Aecia/aeueiei /eiieeii
ia?niaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy ? aoaeoeaia eaae?iaa
iie?oeea a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?, yea aeeth/a? a?aeoai?aiiy eaae?iaiai
iioaioe?aeo aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, eiai caeiyo?noue, i?aaiaa
a?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei, i?aai?caoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a ?
i?ioeaaeo? a?aeai?o, iioeaaoe??, ioe?iee, oaeineiiaeaiiy, i?inoaaiiy,
ia?ai?uaiiy eaae??a, oi?ioaaiiy a ieo aeniei? aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
eoeueoo?e. ?icaeyiooi i?aeoiaee aei aiae?co iio?aa eaae?iaiai
caaacia/aiiy, ui a?aoiaothoue eii’thieoo?o ?eieo i?aoe? oa ina?oi?o
iineoa.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.1. — “Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo nenoaie a?aeai?o,
i?aeaioiaee oa aeei?enoaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?aoe?aiee?a” — i?iaeaia
eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy aeine?aeaeo?oueny ia
o?eueee ye can?a ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa,
oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee oa i?aai?a i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, i?aeo?eiee aea?aeaaiiai naeoi?a aeiiii?ee, a e ye
naiino?eia noa?a i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? oao?aoe?a, yea iiaeiia
noai?thaaoe oiiae aeey a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, iie?ioaiiy ?? yeino?,
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy. Iaa?oioiao?oueny iieiaeaiiy i?i
oa, ui a iniiao eaae?iai? ?iaioe, ?? i?aai?caoe?eieo ? i?aaiaeo canaae
iathoue aooe iieeaaeai? iaoeiai aecia/ai? e i?aeoe/ii ia?aa??ai?
na?oiaei aeina?aeii i?eioeeie: ae??caeaoiino? e aoaeoeaiino? eaae??a, ?o
i?ioan?iiae?cio ? eiiiaoaioiino?, iie?oe/ii? iaeo?aeueiino? ?
a?aeaeaiino? ni?aa?, aeia?i/aniino? ? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?,
?i?oe?aoeaiino? ? aeenoeeie?iiaaiino?, aiioeaiaaiino? ? i?anoeaeiino?
oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe?, ?? i?ici?ino? ? i?aeca?oiino?, ciaaaeueiino? ?
eiieo?aioiino?, i??i?eoaoo iniaenoeo caneoa. No?eaeiaaee oai?aoe/iee
aeniiaie i?ae?icae?eo iieyaa? a oiio, ui no/ani? iaaa?acaee o a?aeai??
eaae??a ia iaa/aiiy cia/iith i??ith coiiaeai? ia?icaeiai?noth ?inoeooo?a
? iaoai?ci?a i?ioi???ioaoe??, i?ioeiinoeueooaaiiy, i?ioa?aeai?o,
i?ioeaaeo? ae?aaiinoeee ineoio?ce/ieo iiaeeeainoae eaiaeeaeaoa, ye? a
aeaaaee ia’?eoeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ia?aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy
ye i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, aeai?o a?aeiia?aeieo oi?i i?aeaioiaee,
i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??. Iaaieioo?oueny ia aeioe?eueiino?
iiaeaethaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo caeaaeiinoae, ui ?aaeueii a?aeia?aaeaee a
e?eoa???, ci?no, iciaee aoaeoeaii? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe? a nenoai?
aea?aeaaii? neoaeae.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.2. — “Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa i?aaiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ?iaioe c ia?niiaeii aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie”
— ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy noai?aiiy naaiaioo ?eieo i?aoe? c
iaiao?aeiith i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaith iniiaith e ?io?ano?oeoo?ith,
i???ioiaaieie ia iio?aae no/anii? nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy,
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ia?eaoeiao i?aoe? ye niiniao caaacia/aiiy i?iaaeaea?aie c
aeiai?o ? i?aeaioiaee eaae??a niiaeeaa/?a eiiiaoaioieie oao?aoeyie.
Iaa?oioiao?oueny oe?e?nia nenoaia i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo caoiae?a,
ni?yiiaaieo ia caaacia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? eaae?iaiai iioaioe?aeo
aea?aeaae ?? oi?aae?inueei-?aaoeyoi?iei ooieoe?yi, ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th
eaae?iai? eiiiiiaioe oi?aae?inueeiai aia?aoo, ?aoi?ioaaiiy eiai
/enaeueiino? e iieaoe i?aoe?, ooieoe?iiaeueiee aiae?c ? eeaneo?eaoe?th
iinaae, ?iciaaeoaaiiy iie?oe/ii?, aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ? oaoi?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, ooaa?aeaeaiiy ia?oia?noaa ? aca?iii? aeia??e, aeaniino? e
i?ici?ino?, ?icoe?aiiy oi?aae?inueei? naiaiaee, ci?oeiaiiy aeenoeeie?ie,
iineeaiiy eiio?ieth, caiia?aaiiy ceiaaeeaaiiyi ? ei?oioe??. Ia
iaoe?iiaeueiiio ??ai? i?iiiio?oueny ?ic?iaeoe noaiaea?oe i?ioan?eiiai
iaa/aiiy oi?aae?inueeeo eaae??a c o?aooaaiiyi e?auiai na?oiaiai
aeina?aeo, aecia/aii i?ia?aei? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee aeey cae?eniaiiy
oaei? i?aeaioiaee.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co oai?aoe/iiai ? i?aeoe/iiai a?o/eciyiiai oa
na?oiaiai aeina?aeo aeena?oaio oi?ioeth? aeniiaee i?i iaiao?aei?noue
?icaeoeo nenoaie iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, ui cae?eniththoue i?aeaioiaeo
ia?niiaeo c aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, ianaiia?aae ea??aiiai, ie?aneth?
oe?e? e caaaeaiiy neoaeae eaae?iaiai ia?eaoeiao, ?? i?noea a
i?aai?caoe?ei?e no?oeoo?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, ?ioi?iaoe?eia
caaacia/aiiy ? aeiaiaeeoue aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy iacaeaaeieo
iina?aaeieoeueeeo no?oeoo? aeey ?iaioe c eaae?aie aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy; cacia/a? a?iioaoe/i? iai?yie iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa
eiia??i? oeyoe ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ca ??cieo noeaia???a
iiaeaeueoiai i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy ?iaioe c eaae?aie
nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a Oe?a?i? ia ii?ic? iiaiai oeny/ie?ooy.

AENIIAEE

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? i?iaeaiaoeee i?aenoiiaaii
i’yoiaaeoeyoueia aeniiaeaie eiioeaiooaeueiiai cia/aiiy. Iniiai? ?c ieo
oae?:

1. Cae?eniaia ?noi?eei-eia?/ia a?aeoai?aiiy i?ioeano aeieeiaiiy ?
noaiiaeaiiy nenoaie eaae?iai? ?iaioe a aea?aeaaiiio oi?aae?ii? a
no/ani?e Oe?a?i?, ?? c?noaaeaiiy c aiaeia?/ieie nenoaiaie ?ioeo —
?icaeiooeo e?a?i ? e?a?i ia?ao?aeiiai noaio; c’yniaoaaiiy oaeoi??a, ui
coiiaeee i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiao niaoeeo?eo ?aae?caoe?? oaei? ?iaioe a
20-90-o ?ieao o a?o/eciyi?e oa na?oia?e iie?oeei-aea?aeaaieoeuee?e
i?aeoeoe? aeaei iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui eaae?iaa
caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a iaaeaaiueiio ieioeiio ia’?eoeaii
aecia/aeiny oioae?oa?iei oa?aeoa?ii ?aaeyinueei? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie.
Oiio ia nueiaiaei? ia?oi/a?aiaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? aaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaa/iai cae??ieaiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee
an?o ??ai?a uiaei ?o ?iaioe c eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy.

2. Iiaeaeueoa i?aai?caoe?eii-caeiiiaeaa/a aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/iiai eo?no
?iaioe c eaae?aie aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a ao?eth?oueny o cae?eniaiiy
aea?aeaaith aioo??oiuei? oa ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee, ni?yiiaaii? ia
?icaeoie a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa ? oi?ioaaiiy ?aeeiiaea?aeaaii?
iie?oe/ii? iaoe??, ?ic?iaeaiiy ocaiaeaeaii? nenoaie i?iaeo?a caeii?a oa
i?aecaeiiieo aeo?a ia aeeiiaiiy Eiinoeoooe?? ? caeii?a Oe?a?ie, Oeac?a
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie; aoaeoeaia oi?aae?iiy eaae?iaei iioaioe?aeii, ui
aaciina?aaeiuei ea?o? aea?aeaaieie o?iainaie oa aea?aeaaiei iaeiii ?
eiio?ieai ca ?o aeei?enoaiiyi.

3. Ocaaaeueiaii iniiai? i?eioeeie, i?ia?aei? oaiaeaioe??, eeth/ia?
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? iaoai?cie ? i?ioeaaeo?e, a oaeiae niaoeeo?/i?
iniaeeaino? eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ye noa?e
caeiyoino?. Na?aae ieo aecia/aii ae??caeaoi?noue e aoaeoeai?noue
eaae??a, ?o i?ioan?iiae?ci ? eiiiaoaioi?noue, iie?oe/io iaeo?aeuei?noue
? a?aeaeai?noue ni?aa?, aeia?i/ani?noue ? a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue,
i?ici??noue ? i?aeca?oi?noue oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?,
aiioeaiaai?noue ? i?anoeaei?noue i?aoe?, aaeain oi?aae?inueei? naiaiaee
e ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aeenoeeie?ie, ciaaaeuei?noue e eiieo?aioi?noue,
i??i?eoao niaoeeo?/ii? aeina?ae/aiino? ? iniaenoeo caneoa.

4. A eaae?iaiio caaacia/aii? nenoaie aea?aeaaii? neoaeae aeaaeae?
?aeue?oi?oa ae?thoue oaiaeaioe?? ci?oeiaiiy eaae?iaiai iioaioe?aeo
aea?aeaae oeyoii noai?aiiy i?ioan?eii? ? aeaiie?oeciaaii?
eiieo?aioicaeaoii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie; oi?ioaaiiy
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueieo nenoai ?iaioe c eaae?aie, ?o iaa/aiiy; c?inoaiiy
oi?aae?inueei? naiaiaee ? iineeaiiy ca?oiino?; i?eeiio ? i?inoaaiiy ii
neoaea? ia iniia? iniaeno?nieo yeinoae, ?en ? ia?niiaeueieo caneoa;
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iieaoe i?aoe?; onoiaiiy aeoaethaaiiy oi?aae?inueeeo
iiaiiaaaeaiue ? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?; noeioethaaiiy aoaeoeaii?,
noie?iii?, aeiaaino?ieiai? i?aoe?; aeae?eaiiy, i?aeo?eiee ? caa?aaeaiiy
aenieieaae?o?eiaaiiai ei?iono aeueo oi?aae?ioe?a; ?icoe?aiiy ni?ai?aoe?
ea??aiee?a ? niaoe?ae?no?a, oi?aae?ioe?a ? a?iiaaenueeino?; oi?ioaaiiy
ei?ii?aoeaii? ?aeiino? ? ceaaiaee.

5. Iaoai?cie ? i?ioeaaeo?e eaae?iai? ?iaioe iathoue ia?aaeian?i
ia?aaeaa/aoe noeioethaaiiy e caioi/aiiy eiiiaoaioii?, caoe?eaaeaii? oa
a?aeaeaii? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?; caeo/aiiy e oo?eiaiiy,
aeei?enoaiiy e oaeineiiaeaiiy aenieieaae?o?eiaaiiai oi?aae?inueeiai
ia?niiaeo; i?aeo?eieo eiai ?i?oe?aoeae ? oai?/ino?, oi?aae?inueei?
aaoiiii?? c iaeii/aniei iaiaaeaiiyi aiethioa?enonueeeo ae?e oa
aaeaeaaoieie oi?iaie eiio?ieth; iiaeieaiiy aeoaethaaiiy e noia?a/eeaino?
oi?aae?inueeeo ooieoe?e ? eiie?aoecaoe?th a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? e
ca?oiino?; aecia/aiiy /?oeeo oe?eae ? e?eoa???a i?inoaaiiy ii neoaea?,
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iioeiaeueii? iieaoe i?aoe?; a?aooaaiiy a?iiaaenueei?
aeoiee.

6. Eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie OO?
noie?ooy ia’?eoeaii iio?aao? ?aaeeeaeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe??, ianaiia?aae,
c iaoith iiaeieaiiy iane?aee?a ?oeioaaiiy eieeoiuei?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? nenoaie ? noa?i? ?aeaieia?? “aeii?ioaaiiy
aea?aeaae iaae ethaeeiith”. I???ioaoe?y ia noai?aiiy a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiai iaoai?cio eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy an??th noeoii?noth nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a ?
oi?ioaaiiy a?eueo aeaiie?aoe/iiai oeio aca?iia?aeiinei aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee
c ethaeeiith — ana oea ? neeaaeiaeie no?aoaa?/ieo i???ioaoe?e
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o nueiai/ani?e Oe?a?i?. Oni?o caeaaeeoue
a?ae iiaiioe e yeino? iayaieo i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo oa
?ino?oiaioa?ii-iaoiaee/ieo iiaeeeainoae, o oiio /ene?
i?io?ioi?iaoe?eieo, i?ioeiinoeueoaoe?eieo, i?ioa?aea??ieo oa
i?ioaaeaioaoe?eieo.

7. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? nenoaie ocaiaeaeaii? i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe c eaae?iaiai
caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy aeioe?eueii cia/ii iineeeoe
eaae?ia? i?ae?icae?ee i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa i?aai?a
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, neooaoe?eii ooi/ithth/e ?o ooieoe?? ?
iieeaaeath/e ia ieo iaia’ycee i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe c ae?aaiinoeee, ioe?iee
e ?icaeoeo ia?niiaeo. Aeey oeueiai ne?ae aeoea?coaaoe ?ic?iaeo e
aaeaioaoe?th iaiao?aeieo iaoiaeee e ?ino?oiaioa??th, ui a?aeiia?aeaoeia
?noi?e/i?e eia?oe? ?icaeoeo eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy oa aiaeiaai
na?oiaiai aeina?aeo. Ne?ae oaeiae i?enei?eoe ae??oaiiy ieoaiue
iaia’yceiaiai a?aooaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeei?enoaiiy ae?aaiinoe/ieo
ineoio?ce/ieo iaoiaeee i?ioa?aeai?o oa i?aaiaiai cae??ieaiiy oaeeo
caoiae?a o i?ioean? eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy no?oeoo? aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy.

8. Eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ia? aecia/aoeny
eiinoeoooe?eieie iieiaeaiiyie i?i oa, ui ci?no ? iai?aaeai?noue
ae?yeueiino? oao?aoe?a oe??? noa?e caeiyoino? ni?yiiao?oueny ia ?aaeueia
caaacia/aiiy i?aa oa naiaiae ethaeeie ? a?iiaaeyieia. Iiaeaeueoa
oi?ioaaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace uiaei ?iaioe c eaae?aie ia? ooi/ieoe
eiiiaoaioe?th, i?aai?caoe?th, ii?yaeie oa i?ioeaaeo?e ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a ? i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii
aei Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie uiaei nai?/aniiai oa ye?niiai caaacia/aiiy an?o
aeae?a ?iaioe c eaae?aie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy. Oea ia?aaeaa/a?
iaiayceia?noue ?ic?iaee, ?aae?caoe?? ? i?aeo?eiee i?ioan?eieo
noaiaea?o?a, iniaeeai noiniaii i?ioi?eaeaoiino?; ?ai?aai?caoe?th nenoaie
ae?aaiinoeee, ioe?iee oa ?icaeoeo ia?niiaeo, iniaeeai i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i?
aeaaee ? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ia iniia? Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie ?
caeii?a Oe?a?ie; ooaa?aeaeaiiy ?aaeeio caeiiiino? a ?iaio? c eaae?aie
aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a ? i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?o iinaaeiaeo
in?a.

9. Aeioe?eueiei ? iiaeaeueoee nenoaiiee aiae?c ? ?icaeoie eaae?iaiai
caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ye nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?,
iie?oeei-i?aaiai?, i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ii?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?iaeaie. Ia?niaeoeae ?? ?icaycaiiy caeaaeaoue a?ae ae?iaeaiiy ?
?aae?caoe?? naia i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo caoiae?a. Iiaeaeueoa
?aoi?ioaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ?
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy aeiaaa? ooi/iaiiy canaae
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueii? ? ioi?oeeiaeueii? ?aoi?i, — iniaeeai
uiaei ?iciiae?eo oi?aae?inueeeo ooieoe?e i?ae oeaio?aeueieie ?
i?noeaaeie i?aaiaie aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa i?aaiaie i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy ? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy eaae?iaeo ieoaiue
neoaeae a i?aaiao i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy.

10. Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai aecia/aiiy noaoono
iinaaeiaeo in?a i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee noiniaii a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?,
iiaiiaaaeaiue, oi?ioaaiiy aenieii?ioan?eiiai, iie?oe/ii iaeo?aeueiiai,
iaei?oiiiaaiiai aia?aoo aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee, ui ia?aaeaa/a? noaoonia
?iciaaeoaaiiy i?ae “ioae?/iith iie?oe/iith ae?yeuei?noth” oa
“aea?aeaaiith neoaeaith”. Cacia/aii, ui aoaeoeai?noue ?aae?caoe??
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aoi?ie iiaycaia ?c noai?aiiyi a?aeiia?aeii? nenoaie
aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth, iniaeeai o noa?? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i?
aeaaee, yea oe?e?nii iiayaea aniaeoe aioo??oiueiai ? ciai?oiueiai
eiio?ieth oa aecia/eoue eiai iaoai?cie. I?iaaaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
?aoi?ie a Oe?a?i? a eiioaeno? oe?ei? ia?aae? ?ioeo nioe?aeueieo ?aoi?i
i?aaiaoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o ia’?eoeaii ia? ia?aaeaa/aoe ni?euei? ocaiaeaeai?
coneeey an?o a?eie aea?aeaaii? iie?oe/ii? aeaaee ia ??cieo ??aiyo, aea
eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy a?ae?a?a? eeth/iao ?ieue, ?ic?iaeo iiaeo
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a. Ana oea e noai?eoue iaeaaeio
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiao aaco, iaiao?aeio aeey oni?oiiai ae??oaiiy ia
o?eueee iaaaeueieo, a e aeiaaino?ieiaeo, no?aoaa?/ieo caaaeaiue
?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, a c?aooith, — ?
?aaeeeaeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy an?o noa? ? aaeocae noni?eueiiai aeeooy
aaeeei? ? ae?aaiuei? e?a?ie, ?? a?aeia aoiaeaeaiiy o oeea?e?ciaaio
ni?eueiioo OO? noie?ooy.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. ssoeoaa A.A. I?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? canaaee ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie a Oe?a?i? // A?niee Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai??
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ? 3-4. — N.
3-8.

2. ssoeoaa A.A. ?ieue i?aeaioiaee ? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a a oaeineiiaeaii? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy //
A?niee aea?aeaaii? neoaeae Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ? 4. — N. 54-59.

3. ssoeoaa A.A. I?aenoiee aeai??a a Oe?a?i? ? eaae?iaa iie?oeea //
A?niee Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia?
Oe?a?ie. — 1998. — ? 3. — N. 3-9.

4. ssoeoaa A.A., Eoaiaee A.?., Eiyc?a A.I. Eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy // A?niee Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. — 1998. — ? 4. — N. 5-13.

5. Eoaiaee A.?., ssoeoaa A.A. Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee ?
aeei?enoaiiy ea??aieo eaae??a aea?aeaaii? neoaeae (aiae?c na?oiaiai
aeina?aeo) // A?niee Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. — 1999. — ? 1. — N. 46-56.

6. ssoeoaa A.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy i?aai?a aeaaee —
iniiaa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy // Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. — 1999. — ? 1. — N. 107-117.

7. ssoeoaa A.A. Eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaii? neoaeae — aaaeeeaee
oaeoi? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a Oe?a?ie: Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? 19-20 aa?aniy 1996 ?ieo. — E.: OAAeO,
1996. — N. 8-13.

8. Eoaiaee A.?., ssoeoaa A.A. I?aeaioiaea ea??aiiai ia?niiaeo
aea?aeaaii? neoaeae — iiaee iai?yi i?ioan?eii? ina?oe // Eiioeaioe?y
aoiai?cio a noaiiaeaii? ? ?icaeoeo i?ioan?eii? ina?oe: Iaoa??aee
I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? 1-2 aeiaoiy 1997 ?. —
Iaeana: Ano?ii?eio. — 1998. — N. 96-100.

9. ssoeoaa A.A. ?ieue i?aeaioiaee ? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a o aaeineiiaeaii? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy //
Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy ? iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy a
nenoai? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a: Iaoa??aee
I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, 4-5 a?oaeiy 1997 ?. —
E.: OAAeO, 1998. — N. 11-24.

Aiioaoe?y

ssoeoaa A.A. Eaae?iaa caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy
(i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaee aniaeo). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 25.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy. — Oe?a?inueea Aeaaeai?y aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy
i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii i?iaeaio oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie eaae?iaiai
caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, ?ice?eoi i?eioeeie,
caeiiii??iino?, oaiaeaioe?? oa iaoe?iiaeueii-?noi?e/i? iniaeeaino? ??
noaiiaeaiiy e ?icaeoeo ye i?ioan?eiiai aeaeo ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?.
Aeyaeaii eeth/ia? oiiae ? oaeoi?e, ui ni?e/eiyee aeoea?caoe?th aai
aaeueioaaiiy cae?eniaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo caoiae?a c eaae?iaiai
noi?iaiaeo aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a iie?oe/i?e ?noi??? oe?eiai ?yaeo
e?a?i. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue oa ooi/iaii iai?yie iiaeaeueoiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo canaae ? caoiae?a ?iaioe c
eaae?aie aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie. I?iiiceoe?? oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
caeiiiaeaa/eo ? ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaioao i?i aea?aeaaio neoaeao, a
i?aeoe/i?e i?aai?caoe?? a?aeai?o, i?aeaioiaee, aeei?enoaiiy eaae??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aea?aeaaia oi?aae?iiy, aea?aeaaia neoaeaa, aea?aeaaia
eaae?iaa iie?oeea, eaae?iaa ?iaioa, i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy, i?aai?caoe?ei?
iaoai?cie, i?ioan?iiae?caoe?y, i?aeaioiaea eaae??a.

Aiiioaoeey

ssoeoaa A.A. Eaae?iaia iaania/aiea ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey
(i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaie aniaeo). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 25.00.01 — oai?ey e
enoi?ey ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey. — Oe?aeineay Aeaaeaiey
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey i?e I?aceaeaioa Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaia i?iaeaia oi?ie?iaaiey nenoaiu eaae?iaiai
iaania/aiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey eae iaeiie ec eeth/aauo noa?
caiyoinoe, ?ane?uou i?eioeeiu, caeiiiia?iinoe, oaiaeaioeee e
enoi?eei-iaoeeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe aai noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey eae
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai aeaea aeayoaeueiinoe a Oe?aeia a n?aaiaiee n ?yaeii
ca?oaaaeiuo no?ai — ?acaeouo e ia?aoiaeiuo ia/eiay n 20-o aiaeia
iuiaioiaai noieaoey aei ianoiyuaai a?aiaie. Ie?iaie e ioa/anoaaiiue iiuo
oi?ie?iaaiey iao/ii-iainiiaaiie ?aaiou ii iaania/aieth
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey i?ioanneiiaeueiuie eaae?aie aaoi?ii eco/ai
ia iniiaaiee nenoaiiuo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey ii iiiai/eneaiiui
eeoa?aoo?iui e aeieoiaioaeueiui enoi/ieeai, a oaeaea iooai iaiauaiey
iiiaieaoiaai iiuoa yiie?e/aneeo iaaethaeaiee e oai?aoe/aneeo
oiicaeeth/aiee aeenna?oaioa a i?ioeanna iaiin?aaenoaaiiie i?aeoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe a nenoaia i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey Oe?aeiu.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea eiaao eiiieaeniue e iaaeaeenoeeieeia?iue
oa?aeoa?, — cao?aaeaay ii nouanoao i?iaeaiu ainoaea?noaiaaae/aneea,
i?aaiaua, enoi?e/aneea, iieeoieiae/aneea, nioeeieiae/aneea,
ineoieiae/aneea, iaaeaaiae/aneea e ae?oaea.

I?aaeeiaeaia oeaeinoiay i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaay eiioeaioeey
aeaeueiaeoaai niaa?oainoaiaaiey e ?acaeoey eaae?iaiai iaania/aiey
i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey Oe?aeiu a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo e
ia ia?niaeoeao.

Auyaeaiu eeth/aaua oneiaey e oaeoi?u, eioi?ua iaoneiaeee eae
aeoeaecaoeeth, oae e oi?iiaeaiea ?acaeoey i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiauo
ninoaaeythueo eaae?iaiai iaania/aiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey a
?acee/iua ia?eiaeu enoi?ee Oe?aeiu. Iniaaiiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii
oe?aeineiio iiuoo eaae?iaiai iaania/aiey o/?aaeaeaiee ainoaea?noaaiiiai
oi?aaeaiey a 20-30-a aiaeu. Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue aeaeueiaieoaai
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneiai iaania/aiey a ?aoaiee aeooaeueiuo caaea/
oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey ainoaea?noaaiiie neoaeau eae niaoeeaeueiiai
einooiaioa ?aaeecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiie eaae?iaie iieeoeee a
ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo, o/?aaeaeaieyo,i?aaiecaoeeyo. Aeaoaeueii
a?aoiaioe?iaaiu iieiaeaiey, eanathueany iaiaoiaeeiinoe acaaoaiiuo
ooi/iaiee ioiineoaeueii iniiaiuo iai?aaeaiee aeaeueiaeoaai
niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiauo iniia e ia?ii?eyoee ii ?aaioa
n eaae?aie ainoaea?noaaiiie aaeieieno?aoeaiie nenoaiu eae eeth/aaiai
iiiaioa oniaoiinoe oaeie aeayoaeueiinoe. I?aaeeiaeaiey e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee,
noi?ioee?iaaiiua a i?ioeanna enneaaeiaaiey, iaoee io?aaeaiea a
caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo e ii?iaoeaiuo aeieoiaioao Oe?aeiu ii aii?inai
ainoaea?noaaiiie neoaeau, i?aeoe/aneie i?aaiecaoeee ioai?a,
iiaeaioiaee, ia?a-iiaeaioiaee, iiauoaiey eaaeeoeeaoeee e eniieueciaaiey
eaae?ia ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ainoaea?noaaiiia oi?aaeaiea, ainoaea?noaaiiay neoaeaa,
ainoaea?noaaiiay eaae?iaay iieeoeea, ?aaioa n eaae?aie, i?aaiaia
?aaoee?iaaiea, i?aaiecaoeeiiiua iaoaieciu, i?ioanneiiaeecaoeey,
iiaeaioiaea eaae?ia.

Summary

Yatsuba V.G. The personnel maintenance of public administration
(organizational — legal aspect). — The manuscript.

Dssertation for a Candidate’s degree in Public Administration on
speciality 25.00.01 — the theory and history of Public Administration.-
The Ukrainian Academy of Public Administration office of President of
Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

In this dissertation is investigated a problem of shaping of a system
of personnel maintenance of public administration, is uncovered
principles, regularity, tendencies and historical-national features of
its becoming and developments as professional kind of activity in
Ukraine. The key conditions and factors are revealed which promoted
activation or braking of development is organizational-legal
realizations of measures on personnel support of public administration.
The necessity is justified and the directions of further perfecting are
updated is organizational- legal of bases and measures of work with
staffs of a public administration system. The offers and the
recommendations by results of a research have found a reflection in the
legislative and normative documents on a public service, in practical
organization of a selection, preparations, use of staffs.

Key word: public administration, public service, public personnel
polici, work with staffs, legal regulation, organizational mechanisms,
professionalism, training of staffs.

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