Історичне краєзнавство Донецької області в 50 — 90-ті роки: Автореф. дис… канд. іст. наук / В.Ф. Павлухіна, Донец. держ. ун-т. — Донецьк, 1998. — 16

15

AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE — 908 (477.62)

Iaaeoo?ia A?eoi??y Oaioai?aia

?NOI?E*IA E?A?CIAANOAI AeIIAOeUeEI?

IAEANO? a 50 — 90 — o? ?iee

07.00.01 — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai
nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo
iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eyo ?iiai
Aeaieeiae/,caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Oo?/aiei Oaae?? A?eai?iae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie Caii??cueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

I??ei Aaneeue Ieaen?eiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
?noi??ia?ao??, aeaea?aeiciaanoaa, iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi???
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie,

a?aeae?e ?aa?iiaeueieo
i?iaeai ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 15 n?/iy 1999 ?. ia aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 11.051.02 ii
caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (
340055, i.Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 24, Aieiaiee ei?ion, aoae.
309 )

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (340055, i.Aeiiaoeuee, aoe.
Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 24).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 14 “ a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
I.A.E?ai?a?i

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Caaaeaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
aiae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie cia/iith ii?ith coiiaeththoue iaiaoiaeiinoue
inieneaiiy aeinaiaeo, iaaooiai o ni?aai caa?aaeaiiy aaaaoiaieiaeo
o?aaeeoeie, aeineiaeaeaiiy iaeiaiaeiieo noi?iiie inoi?i? iaoi?
aea?aeaae. E?a?ciaa/ee ?oo, yeee aeeiio? ia eeoa ina?oi? oa aeoiaii
ooieoei?, a e eiinieiaeo? e?aui iaoeiai i oai?/i neee, iio?aao?
iniaeeai? oaaae aeineiaeieeia. Aea/aiiy ?noi??? ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie
iaaoei iiaiai cia/aiiy i?ney caeiaoooy Oe?a?iith iacaeaaeiino?.
?noi?e/ia iaoea iiiiaith?oueny iiaeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie i?noeaai?
?noi???, oaeoaie, e?oa?aoo?ith, iia?aeiieaiiyie ia eiioa?aioe?yo c
?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, ui ?aaoey?ii i?iaiaeeeeny i?ioyaii 90-o ?ie?a.
Aeiiaoeueea iaeanoue ia ? aeiyoeii a aeoea?caoe?? ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i?
ae?yeueiino?, a ca’yceo c /ei aaoi? aaaaea? aeioe?eueiei ie?aia iaoeiaa
aeine?aeaeaiiy inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa a ?aa?ii?, yeee ? iaa?ae’?iiith
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ?aeeii? aea?aeaae Oe?a?ia.

Aeine?aeieee ieioeiai Aeiia//eie ie?aeii aea/aee ?noi??th ?aa?iio. O
iiai?ii? ?iee iniaeeaa oaaaa iaaeaaaeany ie?aiei aaeocyi ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, aeine?aeaeaiith nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a. Ca 50 — 80-o?
?iee aoei caoeuaii aeanyoee aeena?oaoe?e, aeaeaii /eiaei iiiia?ao?e,
iioae?eiaaii nioi? noaoae c aaaeeeaeo ?noi?e/ieo i?iaeai. Aea iica
iaaeaie iaoeiaiai ocaaaeueiaiiy caeeoaeeny oae? i?iaeaie ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa, ye ?iaioa iai’yoeiioi?iiieo i?aai?a, ioca?a, a?ae?ioae.
Aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue i?iaiae?coaaoe oa nenoaiaoecoaaoe ae?yeuei?noue
iaoeiaoe?a iaoiai ?aa?iio ii aea/aiith ?noi??? e?ath o iiai?iiee
ia??iae, aecia/eoe aeinyaiaiiy oa i?i?aooiee a ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/?e
?iaio?, c?iaeoe iaai? aeniiaee uiaei iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oe???
aaaeeeai? ni?aae.

Inieneaiiy aeina?aeo e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo Aeiia//eie ia? ni?eyoe
aiaeoai?aiith iaeiaiaeiieo noi?iiie o noniieueii-iieioe/iiio, iaoeiaiio
i eoeueoo?iiio aeeooi ?aaiiio oa Oe?a?ie acaaaei, cai?iaaaeaeaiith a
iaoeiaee iaia iiaeo aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa?iaeia, aeyaeaiith oa
c’ynoaaiith ?yaeo aaaeeeaeo iiaeie i oaeoia. Aei oiai ae, e?eoe/iee
aiaeic iaaooiai aeinaiaeo noai?th? oiiae aeey ae?iaeaiiy eiie?aoieo,
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie uiaei iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
e?a?ciaa/i? ?iaioe. Noni?eueiith iaoeiai-aeoiaiith ooieoe??th
?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, iayai?noth ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i eiai
i?iaaaeaiiy, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noth aeine?aeaeaiue ae?yeueiino?
e?a?ciaaoe?a oa e?a?ciaa/eo onoaiia ? iaoiiaeaiee aea?? oaie
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe “ ?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? a
50 — 90-o? ?iee”.

Aiia iia’ycaia c iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith oaiith “?noi??y Aeiiaano”, ?c
caoaa?aeaeaiith I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiith
“Aoiinioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie ?noi??? Aeiiaano”, ye? ?ic?iaeythoueny ia
?noi?e/iiio oaeoeueoao? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai,
i?ae yeei ?icoi??oueny anaa?/ia aea/aiiy ?noi??? ?aa?iio a iaoeia?e ?
a?iiaaenuee?e oi?iao.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo
ina?aaee?a, ?iaioa iaoeiaoe?a ? e?a?ciaaoe?a-aiaoi??a ii aea/aiith ?
i?iiaaaiae? ?noi??? e?ath.

O?iiieiai/ii ?aiee aeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia?iiae c 50-o
?ieia iioi/iiai noie?ooy, eiee e?a?ciaanoai caciaei nai??iaeiiai
aiae?iaeaeaiiy, i?i ui naiae/eoue iineeaiiy oaaae iaoeiaoe?a aei i?iaeai
i?noeaai? ?noi???, a oaeiae aeoea?caoe?y aeiyeueiino? ioca?a oa
iai’yoeiioi?iiieo ina?aaeeia, aei 90-o ?ie?a, eiee i?iaieioaiiy
aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiinoi Oe?a?ie aeaei ciiao iiaeiyoeny oe?a?iiciaanoao
ia yeinii iiaee ?iaaiue, io?eiaoe oe?oi iiaeeeainoi aeey i?aaiicaoei? oa
i?iaaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue, iiioey?ecaoei? ciaiue i?i ?iaeiee e?ae ye
iaoeiaoeyie, oae i e?a?ciaaoeyie-aiaoi?aie. Iiaeaeoaee aaoi?
caa?oa?oueny aei oa?aeoa?enoeee ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa a ia?o?
iiai?ii? ?iee, ui coiiaeaii ia?oeie i?iyaaie oaaae aei e?a?ciaanoaa c
aieo aea?aeaae oa oe?iei? a?iiaaenueeino?.

Oa?eoi?iaeueii iaaei aeineiaeaeaiiy ioiieththoue Aeiiaoeueeo iaeanoue,
iaea?eueoo a Oe?a?i? ca /enaeuei?noth ianaeaiiy oa i?iieneiaei
iioaioe?aeii, inoi?e/iee ?icaeoie yei? iaa cia/i? iniaeeainoi ii??aiyii
c ?ioeie ?aa?iiaie.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaenia aea/aiiy
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo ia Aeiia//eii a 50 — 90 -o? ?iee XX noie?ooy.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aoaea ?aae?ciaaia /a?ac ?ica’ycaiiy ianooiieo
caaaeaiue:

1) oa?aeoa?enoeea aoaiia ?icaeoeo inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aeiia//eie;

2) aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iai?yieia, oi?i i iaoiaeia ?iaioe o ia?iiae,
yeee aeine?aeaeo?oueny;

3) aea/aiiy aeiyeueiinoi ioca?a, a?ae?ioae ?aaiiio, i?aaiicaoeie
Oiaa?enoaa ioi?iie iai’yoie inoi?i? oa eoeueoo?e, iaeanii? i?aai?caoe??
Anaoe?a?inueei? ni?eee e?a?ciaaoe?a, cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe???;

4) aiae?c iniiaieo i?iaeai, aei yeeo caa?oaeeny iaoeiaoei oa
e?a?ciaaoei-aiaoi?e ?aaiiio;

5) c’ynoaaiiy iniiaieo i?e/ei oa ci?noo ciii oa?aeoa?o e?a?ciaa/eo
aeineiaeaeaiue;

I?e oeueiio ?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai ?aa?iio ?icaeyaea?oueny o
iaa?ae’?iiiio ca’yceo c ?noi???th Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo o i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoia
iia’ycaia, ia?o ca ana, c naiith oaiith aeena?oaoei?, yea aeini ua ia
aoea i?aaeiaoii niaoeiaeueiiai ?icaeyaeo. Oea ia?oa eiiieaenia
aeineiaeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aeiia//eie. Aaoi?ii
aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aaaaeaii aei iaoeiaiai iaiao ?aiioa iaaiaeiii
iaoa?iaee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iinoea oa ?ieue ioca?a, aiaeiioae,
e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaeeia o aea/aiii oa iiioey?ecaoei? inoi?i? Aeiia//eie.
Cie?aia, oea noino?oueny Oiaa?enoaa ioi?iie iai’yoie inoi?i? oa
eoeueoo?e ? ia?iaeieo oiiaa?neoaoia. Ioa?aeoa?eciaaia e e?eoe/ii
i?iaiaeiciaaia i?aoey iaoeiaoeia ?aaiiio ii aea/aiith oa iiioey?ecaoe??
inoi?i? e?ath, ?o o/anoue o anaoe?a?inueeeo oa ?aaiiiaeueieo
eiioa?aioeiyo c inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa. Aia?oa a aeena?oaoe??
aenaioeaia aeiyeueiinoue ie?aieo e?a?ciaaoeia-aiaoi?ia Aeiia//eie,
cae?eniaia ni?iaa i?iaiaeicoaaoe ? aeaoe e?eoe/io ioeiieo ?o
caeiaooe?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ??
iaoa??ae?a aeey i?aeaioiaee ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?aoeue c ?noi???
Aeiia//eie, iiiaeaiiy ae?th/eo iocaeieo aeniiceoe?e, neeaaeaiiy i?ia?ai
e?a?ciaa/i? oa iocaeii? i?aeoeee nooaeaioia aocia, ?ic?iaee i?ia?ai
e?a?ciaa/i? ?iaioe aiaeiioae, aecia/aiiy iai?yieia iiaeaeueoi?
aeiyeueiinoi Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? i?aaiicaoei? Anaoe?a?inueei? ni?eee
e?a?ciaaoe?a, e?a?ciaa/eo ioca?a iaeanoi, ?ic?iaee caoiaeia uiaei
?aaeicaoei? aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie aiaeoai?aiiy aeaeaoieo iai’yoie inoi?i?
oa eoeueoo?e, noai?aiiy ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue i iaa/aeueieo
iiniaieeia c inoi?iia?aoi?, ioca?ciaanoaa, a oaeiae aeey aecia/aiiy
oaiaoeee nooaeaionueeeo eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?iaio.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aaoi?:

— eiiieaenii aea/ea i?ioean ?icaeoeo inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aeiia//eie
ye /anoeio caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiai e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo;

— i?iaiaeicoaaa ?iaioo ?iciiiaiioieo e?a?ciaa/eo onoaiia ?aaiiio, ioca?a
Ia?ioiiey, Aeiiaoeueea, A?oaiianueea uiaei ?o iaoeiai-aeineiaeieoeueei?,
inaioyinueei? aeiyeueiinoi;

— aecia/ea ?ieue aiaeiioae Aeiia//eie o caaaeueii?aaiiiaeueiiio
e?a?ciaa/iio ?oni oa ?iciianthaeaeaiii ciaiue i?i ?iaeiee e?ae;

— ocaaaeueiea aeiyeueiinoue iaoeiaoeia Aeiia//eie ii aeineiaeaeaiith
i?iaeai iinoeaai? inoi?i? a 50 — 90-oi ?iee iioi/iiai noie?ooy;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaa ?iaioo ie?aieo e?a?ciaaoeia-aiaoi?ia.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei? caeienithaaeanue ia caniaeaiiyo
eaoaae?e ?noi?i? Oe?a?ie Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeoiiaa?neoaoo, ia
oiiaa?neoaonueeeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo, cie?aia, ia aocianueeie
iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ca
iiaenoieaie iaoeiai-aeineiaeieoeueei? ?iaioe, i?enay/ai?e 60-?i//th
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeoiiaa?neoaoo a 1997?. Aeineiaeaeaiiy ai?iaoaaeiny ia
iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioei? «Oe?a?ia-A?aoeiy: aeinaiae
ae?oaeiio ca’yceia oa ia?niaeoeae niia?iaioieoeoaa», ui aiaeaoeany a
Ia?ioiieuenueeiio aoiaiioa?iiio iinoeoooi 24-25 o?aaiy 1996?. i ia VIII
Anaoe?a?inueeie iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? «Inoi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai i
eoeueoo?a» a Oa?eiai 23-24 aa?aniy 1997?.

Caeiaooee aaoi?a iioae?eiaai? a cai?ieeao aeiiia?aeae ? iia?aeiieaiue
aeuaiacaaieo eiioa?aioeie, a oaeiae o cai?ieeo AeiiAeO «Iia? noi??iee a
?noi??? Aeiiaano», cai?ieeo Caii?icueeiai aea?aeoiiaa?neoaoo «Iiaaeaiia
Oe?a?ia OVIII — XIX coieiooy». Anueiai n?i ioae?eaoe?e, c yeeo 3 ai?uai?
o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

NO?OEOO?A ? CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a
(aeaaiaaeoeyoe i?ae?icae?e?a), /ioe?ueio oaaeeoeue, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e (380 iaca). Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue 200 noi??iie.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aia ?? iiaecia ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue aeena?oaoe??, ie?aneai? o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iai?/ai? iaoa ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?noi??ia?ao?y. Aeaea?aea. Iaoiaeieia?y”, ui
neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a, oaaaa i?eae?eaia ?noi???
aea/aiiy i?iaeaie, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny ca o?iiieia?/ii-i?iaeaiiei
i?eioeeiii, oa?aeoa?enoeoe? aeaea?ae, aecia/aiith iaoiaeieia?/ieo
i?eioeei?a ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?noi??ia?ao?y aeaii? i?iaeaie aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiia
ia aeineoue /enaeueia. Ia?aaaaeii oea noaoo?, oace aeiiia?aeae ia
i?aeia?iaeieo, anaoe?a?inueeeo, ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

E?oa?aoo?o c ii?ooaii? oaie iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia aea? a?oie. Aei
ia?oi? a?aeiinyoueny i?aoe?, a yeeo ?icaeyaeaeeny caaaeueiiaea?aeaai?
i?iaeaie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa oa oa?aeoa?ecoaaany noai ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i?. Oea aeania ?noi??ia?ao?/ia
e?oa?aoo?a. Ae?oao a?oio neeaee iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ica?aeee
e?a?ciaaoe?a c ?noi??? Aeiia//eie, a yeeo iiaeai? caeiaooee uiaei
?noi??? e?ath.

O ia?o?e a?oi? i?eaa?oa? oaaao eieaeoeaia iiiia?ao?y, i?aeaioiaeaia
ni?a?ia?oieeaie ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ?acii c
aeeeaaea/aie aoc?a Oe?a?ie “?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai a Oe?a?inuee?e ?N?”
Inoi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai a Oe?a?inueeie ?N?/ I.O.O?iiueei, A.I.Ai?aee,
I.I.Eoaiaa oa ii; Aiaei. ?aae. I.O.O?iiueei; AI O?N?, Ii-o inoi?i?. —
E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1989. — 237 n.. ?? aaoi?e cae?enieee eiiieaeniee
i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy i?iaeai ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa. A oe?eiio
iiceoeaii ioeiithth/e caaaeaio aeua i?aoeth, iaiaoiaeii aiaecia/eoe i
aeayei ?? iaaeieiee. Ia?o ca ana caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao
caiaeaieiaiciaaiinoue, ui aoea i?eoaiaiia ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??.
Oeei coiiaeaiee a?aeo?ae aaoi??a a?ae i?eioeeiia ia’?eoeaicio.
Iaia?aeiieeaei, ia iao iiaeyae, ? aeniiaie, ui /enaeuei? iaoeiai
aeineiaeaeaiiy inoi?i? Aeiia//eie aiaeiiaiaeaee
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/iiio noaio ?aaiiio. Oaeiae o ?iaioi iaaeinoaoiuei
aenaioeaia inoi?eei-e?a?ciaa/a ae?yeuei?noue ioca?a, aiaeiioae,
Oiaa?enoaa ioi?iie iai’yoie inoi?i? oa eoeueoo?e ii ?aaiiiao, cie?aia,
Aeiia//eie.

I?ioyaii 1970 — 1980-o ?ieia ieiaeiith aoea aeineiaeieoeueea
aeiyeueiinoue I.O.O?iiueea, yeee iiaeaaaa iiaenoiee nai?? ?iaioe a
/enaeueieo ioaeieaoeiyo oa iiiia?aoiyo. O eiai i?aoeyo ?ice?eo?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? i?eioeeie i?aeaioiaee oa aeaeaiiy
aaaaoioiiii? “?noi??? i?no ? n?e Oe?a?inueei? ?N?”. Oeei ieoaiiyi
i?enay/ai? noaoo? i?i noai?aiiy e?oiieno i?no ? n?e Oe?a?ie, i?i noai oa
caaaeaiiy ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ?anioae?ee O?iiueei I.O. Noai i
caaaeaiiy inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa a Oe?a?inueei? ?N? // ?anioae. iaoe.
eiio. c inoi?. e?a?c: oace aeiiiaiaeae. — Ee?a, 1980. — N. 2 — 8; Eiai
ae. Eaoiienue ae?oaea e a?aonoaa: Ec iioa nicaeaiey “Enoi?ee ai?iaeia
e nae Oe?aeineie NNN?”. — E., 1981. — 128n.

. Aiaeii/an o oeeo i?aoeyo niinoa??aa?oueny iaeaaeicaoeiy oiae?oiuei?
iai’yoeiioi?iiii? nenoaie, ?iaioe ia?iaeieo oiiaa?neoaoia, ioca?a ia
a?iiaaenueeeo canaaeao, a oaeiae ia?aaieueoaiiy ?iei iieioe/iiai
ea?iaieoeoaa a i?aaiicaoei? e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue a oiiaao
iaeiiia?oieii? nenoaie.

O 90-o? ?iee ?yae i?aoeue I.O. O?iiueei i?enayoea i?iaeaiai aea/aiiy
iinoeaai? inoi?i?, yei caeeoaeeny iica iaoeiaei aeineiaeaeaiiyi. Na?aae
ieo caneoaiaothoue ia oaaao noaoo? «E?a?ciaanoai ia Oe?a?ii: o?aaeeoei?
i ia?niaeoeae» oa «E?a?ciaanoai o aiae?iaeaeaiii aeooiaiinoi oa
eoeueoo?e». Oieo aenaioeaii iniiaii i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo e?a?ciaanoaa ia
no/aniiio aoaii O?iiueei I.O. E?a?ciaanoai ia Oe?a?i?: O?aaeeoe?? ?
ia?niaeoeae // Caaaeaiiy inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa o aeineiaeaeaiii oa
iiioey?ecaoei? iai’yoie inoi?i? oa eoeueoo?e. — E., 1991. — N.12-20;
Eiai ae. E?a?ciaanoai o a?ae?iaeaeaii? aeooiaiino? oa eoeueoo?e. — Ee?a:
??aeiee e?ae, 1994. — 107 n.. Oe? ?iaioe aeoeaioothoue oaaao ia
caaaeueiioe?a?inueeeo i?iaeaiao ?icaeoeo inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, ia
cina?aaeaeoth/enue ia ie?aieo iinoeaainoyo Oe?a?ie, cie?aia ia
Aeiia//eii.

Ieeueio oaaao aeineiaeieeia i?eaa?ioea inoi?iy aeieeiaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
iiaei?e?inoa. Cia/iee aei?iaie a ?? aea/aiiy aianee E.I.?anaeaanueeee,
?.I.Neey?aiei ?anaeaanueeee E.?. Iniiai? aeaea?aea c ?noi??? oaa?ee ?
caaiae?a oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo // ?anioae. iaoe.
eiio. c ?no. e?a?ci.: oace aeiiia?aeae. — Ee?a, 1980. — N. 114 — 115;
Neey?aiei A.I. Enoi?ey oaa?ee e caaiaeia Oe?aeineie NN?. Enoi?eia?aoey
i?iaeaiu. — Eeaa: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1986. — 139 n.. Oeueiio ieoaiith
i?eaeieyeany oaaaa ia iiaeia?iaeieo, ?anioaeieainueeeo eiioa?aioeiyo o
80-oi ?iee OO no.

Oaaao iaoeiaoe?a i?eaa?oaee ? ie?ai? aniaeoe ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa,
cie?aia iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?. Oe? i?iaeaie
?icaeyaeaeeny ia noi??ieao oaeeo aeaeaiue, ye “Ioi?iia, aeei?enoaiiy oa
i?iiaaaiaea iai’yoie inoi?i? oa eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?inuee?e ?N?”. Aeey
?ice?eooy oaie aeena?oaoe?? iaaia cia/aiiy iathoue noaoo? “Aeinaiae i
i?iaeaie ioi?iie iai’yoie inoi?i? oa eoeueoo?e a 60-80- o ?ieao” oa
“?icaeoie a?iiaaenueeeo iiioeiaoea ii caa?aaeaiith inoi?eei-eoeueoo?ii?
niaaeueie a 60-80-o ?ieao Aeina?ae ? i?iaeaie ioi?iie iai’yoie ?noi???
oa eoeueoo?e a 60 -80-o ?ieao // Ioi?iia , aeei?enoaiiy oa i?iiaaaiaea
iai’yoie ?noi??? oa eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?inuee?e ?N?: Ca??iee iaoiaee/ieo
iaoa??ae?a. — E., 1989. -*. 4. — N. 4 — 99; ?icaeoie a?iiaaenueeeo
iiioeiaoea ii caa?aaeaiith inoi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie a 60-80-o
?ieao // Ioi?iia, aeei?enoaiiy oa i?iiaaaiaea iai’yoie inoi?i? oa
eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?inuee?e ?N?. — E., 1989. — *. 4. — N. 100-153.. A
noaooyo ocaaaeueiaii aeina?ae ?iaioe a?iiaaenueeeo oi?i ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa, iiaeai? oe?eaa? iaoa??aee i?i ?iaioo Oiaa?enoaa ioi?iie
iai’yoie ?noi??? oa eoeueoo?e, ioca?a ia a?iiaaenueeeo canaaeao oiui.

O 80-oi ??. aeieeea iaiaoiaeiinoue aeaoaeueiiai aiaeico oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
e?a?ciaa/i? ?iaioe a iaoiio ?aaiiii. Oe? ieoaiiy aena?oethaaee
C.A.Eeoieiaiaa, A.I.Iioiaiei, I.I.Caaeiii?ianueeee, ?.Ae.Eyo Eeoieiaiaa
C.A. Noai aea/aiiy inoi?i? iiaei?e?inoa Aeiiaano // ?anioae. iaoe. eiio.
c inoi?. e?a?c.: Oace aeiiiaiaeae. — Ee?a, 1980. — N.106 -108; Iioiaiei
A.I. Iiaei?e?inoaa Aeiiaano a inoi?e/iie eioa?aoo?i // 5 Anaoe?. iaoe.
eiio. c inoi?. e?a?c.: Oace aeiiiaiaeae i iiaiaeiieaiue. -Ee?a —
Eai’yiaoeue — Iiaeieuenueeee, 1991. — N. 680 — 682; Caaeiii?ianueeee
I.I. Inoi?iy ?aaeainiia Aeiiaano — aeooaeueia oaia inoi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa // ?ani. iaoe. eiio. c inoi?. e?a?c.: Oace aeiiiaiaeae. —
Ee?a, 1980. — N. 134 — 135; Eyo ?.Ae. Iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey eco/aiey
enoi?ee eieoicia // Enoi?e/aneia e?aaaaaeaiea a NNN?: aii?inu oai?ee e
i?aeoeee. — Eeaa: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1991. — N. 231 — 235.. Aeeeth/ia
cia/aiiy iocaeieoeoaa a e?a?ciaanoai aeiaiaeyoue iaoeiaoei
E.A.Aeiinueeeo, A.A.A?oaeaanueea, TH.C.Aeaieethe Aeiineeo E.A. Iocaeiia
aeaei e e?aaaaaeaiea // Enoi?e/aneia e?aaaaaeaiea a NNN?: Aii?in oai?ee
e i?aeoeee: Na. no. / ?aaeeie.: I.O.O?iiueei e ae?. — Eeaa: Iaoe.
aeoiea, 1991. — N. 5 — 7; A?oae?anueea A.A. Ioca? i no/aniinoue //
Caaaeaiiy inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa o aeineiaeaeaiii oa iiioey?ecaoei?
iai’yoie inoi?i? i eoeueoo?e. — E., 1991. — N. 3 — 11; Aeaieethe TH.C.
A?iiaaenueei oi?ie caa?aaeaiiy inoi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie oa oeyoe
?o aaeineiiaeaiiy ia no/aniiio aoaii // Caaaeaiiy inoi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa o aeineiaeaeaiii oa iiioey?ecaoei? iai’yoie inoi?i? oa
eoeueoo?e. — E.,1991. — N. 113 — 122. oa iioi. Inoaiiii /anii iaoeiaoei
Aeiia//eie caa?ioee oaaao ia aeiyeueiinoue ioca?a ?aaiiio. I?iaeaie
?iaioe e?a?ciaa/eo ioca?a ?icaeyaeaee N.I.Aca?iaa, A.I.Oieaoiaa,
N.E.Oaoa?eiia Aca?iaa N.E. I ?acoeueoaoao e ia?niaeoeaao ?aaiou iocaaa
ii Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe // ?ieue iocaaa a e?aaaaaeaiee. Iaoa?eaeu
iaeaniiai iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneiai naieia?a. — A?o?iiane,1994. — N. 4 — 7;
Oeeaoiaa A.I. No?aieoeu enoi?ee Aeiiaoeeiai iaeaniiai e?aaaaae/aneiai
iocay // Eaoiienue Aeiiaanna. — Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaann, 1994. -Aui. 2. — N.
7 — 11; Oaoa?eiia N.E. A?o?iianeee e?aaaaae/aneee iocae eae oeaio?
oi?ie?iaaiey enoi?e/aneiai naiiniciaiey ai?iaeai // ?ieue iocaaa a
e?aaaaaeaiee. Iaoa?eaeu iaeaniiai iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneiai
naieia?a.-A?o?iiane, 1994. — N. 10 — 12.. A.I.Ai?aee, O.I.Ae?ueiiiaa
Ai?aee A.I. O/anoue aiaeiioae o iiaeaioiaoei «Caiaeo iai’yoieeia inoi?i?
i eoeueoo?e» // Ioi?iia, aeei?enoaiiy oa i?iiaaaiaea iai’yoie inoi?i? oa
eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?inueei? ?N?. Cai?iee iaoiaee/ieo iaoa?iaeia. -E., 1989.
— *. 6. — N. 4 — 11; Eiai ae. Iiaeaioiaea «Caiaeo iai’yoie inoi?i? i
eoeueoo?e» a eiioaenoi oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai oa eoeueoo?iiai
aiae?iaeaeaiiy // Caaaeaiiy inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa o aeineiaeaeaiii oa
iiioey?ecaoei? inoi?ii oa eoeueoo?e. — E., 1991. — N. 83 — 93; Ae?aiiaa
O.I. E?aaaaae/aneay ?aaioa iaeanoiie aeaeeioaee ei. I.E.E?oineie a
iiiiuue iao/ii-ainieoaoaeueiiio i?ioeanno e iao/iui enneaaeiaaieyi //
E?a?ciaanoai a nenoaii ia?iaeii? inaioe: i?iaeaie, iiooee, ia?niaeoeae.
Iao. Anaoe?. e?a?c. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. — Neia’yinuee, 1994. — N. 24.
caa?ioeeny aei aea/aiiy o/ano? a e?a?ciaanoa? aiaeiioae.

Iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiao? eieaeoeaia i?aoey iaoeiaoe?a ?inoeoooo
?noi??? AI, ?yaeo aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie “?ai?aniaaia
e?a?ciaanoai” ?ai?aniaaia e?a?ciaanoai ( 20 — 30 — ? ?iee ) /
I.O.O?iiueei, TH.C.Aeaieethe oa ?i. — Ee?a: ??aeiee e?ae, 1991. — 492
n.. O noaooyo eieae ia iniia? aeaea?ae, ii/a?iiooeo caeaa?eueoiai c
a?o?a?a Neoaeae iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie, aena?oeth?oueny noai
e?a?ciaanoaa a 20 — 30 — o? ?iee, ?iciia?aea?oueny i?i o?aa?/i? aeie?
eiai ae?y/?a, ye? noaee aea?oaaie iacaeiiieo ?ai?an?e.

C’yaeeeny eiiieaenii iaoeiai aeineiaeaeaiiy i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy oa
?icaeoeo e?a?ciaanoaa. Na?aae ieo aeine?aeaeaiiy TH.C.Aeaieethea,
I.A.Naa/oe Aeaieethe TH.C. ?acaeoea iauanoaaiiuo oi?i enoi?e/aneiai
e?aaaaaeaiey ia Oe?aeia ( eiiaoe 50 — o — 80 — a aiaeu ): Aaoi?ao.
aeen… eaiae. eno. iaoe: 01. 00. 02. / Einoeooo enoi?ee Oe?aei AI
Oe?aei. — Oa?ueeia, 1991. — 17 n; Naa/oe I.A. E?a?ciaa/ee ?oo a Oe?a?i?
( e?iaoeue 50 — o — ii/aoie 90 — o ??. OO no. ) : Aaoi?ao. aeen…
eaiae. ?no. iaoe: 07. 00. 01 / IAI Oe?a?ie ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. —
E., 1997. — 22 n.. Ie?ai? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa
?icaeyioo? a noaooyo iaoeiaoe?a Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo
A.I.I??ea, A.I.I?eieuenueeiai, ?.Ae.Eyoa Ii?ei A.I. Aeoiee e?a?ciaanoaa
Iiaaeaiii-Noiaeii? Oe?a?ie // 7 Anaoe?. iaoe. eiio. «Inoi?e/ia
e?a?ciaanoai a Oe?a?ii: o?aaeeoei? i no/aniinoue» — Ee?a: ?iaeiee e?ae,
1995. — *. 1. — N. 19 — 20; Iieieuenueeee A.I. I?aaiicaoeiy e?a?ciaa/i?
?iaioe o Aeiiaani a 20-o ??.. // 5 Anaoe?. iaoe. eiio. c inoi?.
e?a?ciaanoaa. — Ee?a — Eai’yiaoeue-Iiaeieuenueeee, 1991. — N. 41 — 42;
Eyo ?.Ae. Inoi?eei-e?a?ciaa/a ?iaioa ia Aeiia//eii 1990 -1996 ??.. // 8
Anaoe?. iaoe. eiio.»Inoi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai i eoeueoo?a». — Ee?a —
Oa?eia: ?iaeiee e?ae. — 1997. — *. 1. — N. 38 — 40.. Cie?aia, A.I.I??ei
aaaaea?, ui aeoiee aea/aiiy ?noi??? iaoiai ?aa?iio ne?ae ooeaoe o XVIII
no. A.I.I?eieuenueeee ioa?aeoa?ecoaaa aeaye? aniaeoe ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa ?aa?iio a 20-o? ?iee OO no., a naia caa?ioa oaaao ia
cia/aiiy aeo?iaeo “I?inaauaiea Aeiiaanna”, ye caniao i?iiaaaiaee
aea/aiiy ?noi??? e?ath. ?.Ae.Eyo aeciaa ca aeioe?eueia i?iaiae?coaaoe
noai ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? a 90-o? ?iee.

Inoaii?i /anii ?ioa?an a/aieo ni?yiiao?oueny ia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaeaaiue
ie?aieo e?a?ciaaoe?a-aiaoi??a, iaoeiaoe?a. Cia/io aeoeai?noue o oeueiio
iai?yieo aeyaea A.?.?iiaiueei. Eiio iaeaaeeoue aaoi?noai aaaaoueio
noaoae, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith ?noi??? e?ath?iiaiueei A.E. E?aaaaaeaiea
eae aaaeiay nioeeaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneay i?iaeaia // E?a?ciaanoai a
nenoaii ia?iaeii? inaioe: i?iaeaie, iiooee, ia?niaeoeae: Iaoa?iaee
Anaoe?a?inueei? e?a?ciaa/i? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei?. —
Neia’yinuee, 1994. — N. 9 -12; Aenooie aeaeaaao?a oa ainoae c’?caeo //
II c’?cae Anaoe?a?inueei? ni?eee e?a?ciaaoe?a. — Ee?a: ??aeiee e?ae,
1997. — N. 78.. Oe?eaaith ? eiai ?iaioa “O?aieoae? iai’yo?”, aea
c?a?aia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i aeeooy oa ae?yeuei?noue aeaeaoieo iaoeiaoe?a oa
e?a?ciaaoe?a-ethaeoae?a ?iiaiueei A.E. O?aieoaee iaiyoe: I e?aaaaaeao
Aeiiao/eiu. -Neaayine. — Aui. 1, 1993. — 52 n.. Aiaeii/an iaaeie?eii
eieae ? a?aenooi?noue e?eoe/iiai aiae?co iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue
e?a?ciaaoe?a.

I?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c aeieoiaioaeueieie iai’yoeaie, aeine?aeaeaiiyi
iaoiaeeee ?o iiooeo, caa?aaeaiiyi, iae?eii, iienii, a oaeiae aea/aiiyi ?
aeei?enoaiiyi o iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo, i?iiaaaiaeenonueeeo oe?eyo,
ii?ooai? a i?aoeyo N.A.O?e?iiiiaaOeeeiiiia N.A. E?aaaaaeaiea e
aeieoiaioaeueia iaiyoieee ( 1917 — 1929 ). — Iineaa, 1989. — 177 n.

.

Oaeei /eiii, c’yaeeiny /eiaei eiea, noaoae, a?ioo?, o yeeo
aena?oeththoueny i?iaeaie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa. sse iieaco? aiae?c
oeeo ?ia?o, o ieo ?ice?eo? caaaeueiioe?a?inuee? i?iaeaie ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa. *anoeia noaoae i?noeaaiai oa?aeoa?o noino?oueny ie?aieo
aniaeo?a ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? a 50 — 90-o?
?iee. Eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa iaoiai
?aa?iio a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? a?aenooi?, ui coiiaeei aea?? oaie.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca. O i?ioean? cai?o ?ioi?iaoe??, aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aieo
i?iaeai, aeaeaaie/i? ae?yeueiino?, i?iiaaaiaeenonueei? ?iaioe
a?aeeeaeany oe?ea iecea ??ciiiai?oieo aeieoiaio?a oa iaoa??ae?a. Aiie
?ic??ciythoueny ca iioiaeaeaiiyi, ?ioi?iaoeaieie iiaeeeainoyie, nooiaiai
ia’?eoeaiino?, i?noeai caa??aaiiy oiui. Naia iayai?noue ??ciiiai?oieo
aeaea?ae aeicaiey? eiiieaenii i?ae?eoe aei aiae?co ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i?
?iaioe a Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano?. Aeaea?aea c aeaii? oaie iiaeia
?iciiae?eeoe ia oae? a?oie: caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe, aeieoiaioe oeaio?aeueieo
? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee; iaoa??aee a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e;
iaoa??aee ioca?a, a?ae?ioae; iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?e; i?aoe?
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? oaiaoeee; ia??iaee/ia i?ana; iaioa?e.

Ia?oo a?oio neeaaeathoue caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe oa io?oe?ei? aea?aeaai?
aeieoiaioe, ui noaiiaeyoue i?aeaaeeie ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa
? aecia/athoue iai?yiee eiai ae?yeueiino?. Aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? Iniiaiee
Caeii iaoi? aea?aeaae Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie. — E.: TH??ieii, 1996. — 80
n.. Cie?aia a noaoo? 11, 54 cao?eniaaii, ui aea?aeaaa aoaea an?eyei
ni?eyoe eiinie?aeaoe?? oa ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, ?? ?noi?e/ii?
na?aeiiino?, o?aaeeoe?e, eoeueoo?e. Aeey ?icoiiiiy i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy
iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ni?aae aaaeeea? iinoaiiae ?aaee Iiiino?ia O?N? i?i
caoiaee uiaei iieiioaiiy ioi?iie iai’yoie, i?i i?aaiicaoeith
aeia?iaieueiiai Oiaa?enoaa ioi?iie iai’yoie oiui. Oe? aeieoiaioe
iioae?eiaai? a ie?aieo ca??eao, iai?eeeaae “Caeiiiaeaanoai i?i
iai’yoee ?noi??? oa eoeueoo?e”Caeiiiaeaanoai i?i iai’yoee ?noi??? oa
eoeueoo?e. ( Ca??iee ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a ). — Ee?a: Iie?o. e?o. Oe?a?ie,
1970. — 464 n. . *anoeia ?o caa??aa?oueny o aea?aeaaieo,
oeaio?aeueieo oa i?noeaaeo a?o?aao. Cie?aia, oaeee aeieoiaio noaiiaeoue
?ic?iaeaia a 1989 ?. ?anioaeieainueea i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo inoi?e/ieo
aeineiaeaeaiue oa i?iiaaaiaee inoi?i? Oe?a?ie. O iueiio aecia/ai?
iniiai? iai?yiee iie?ioaiiy aea/aiiy oa i?iiaaaiaee ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
Oeaio?aeueiee Aea?aeaaiee A?oia A?iiaaenueeeo Ia’?aeiaiue. — O. 1. — Ii.
11. — Ni?. 2032. Eeno iaeaieiai/iiai aiaeaeieo OeE Eiiia?oi? Oe?a?ie i?i
aeeiiaiiy iinoaiiae OeE ia?oi? aiae 31 ni/iy 1989?. «I?i ?ic?iaeo
?anioaeieainueei? i?ia?aie inoi?e/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue, iieiioaiiy
aea/aiiy oa i?iiaaaiaee inoi?i? Oe?. ?N?.” — 1 — 33 a?e..
?ioi?iaoeaieie ? aeieoiaioe i?noeaaeo ?aaeyinueeeo, ia?o?eieo i?aai?a.

*enaeueio a?oio noaiiaeyoue iaoa??aee eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o onoaiia,
a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e. Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an aeeeeeathoue aeieoiaioe
i?i ?iaioo iai’yoeiioi?iiieo i?aai?caoe?e, eiioa?aioe?e. Ie?ai?
iaoa??aee uiaei ?o ?iaioe caa??aathoueny a a?oiaao e?a?ciaa/eo onoaiia
Aea?aeaaiee a?o?a Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, o. ?. — 6158, 6446, 4866;
Ia??oiieuenueeee e?a?ciaa/ee iocae. Ii. 1 — 06 ( ia?aienea ). Ni?aaea i
?aaioa AEaeaiianeiai e?aaaaae/aneiai iocay ca 11 ianyoeaa 1954a. — 13 —
16 a?e.. *anoeia aeieoiaio?a iia?aeiiey? i?i ae?yeuei?noue e?a?ciaa/eo
i?aai?caoe?e oa ia’?aeiaiue o 90-o? ?iee. Oea aeieoiaioe, ye? i?noyoueny
a iioi/ieo a?o?aao Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? i?aai?caoe?? e?a?ciaaoe?a,
iaeaniiai a?aeae?eaiiy Oe?a?inueeiai oiiaeo eoeueoo?e, Anaoe?a?inueei?
ni?eee e?a?ciaaoe?a. Aeaye? c oeeo iaoa??ae?a aoee iioae?eiaai?, ui
aeicaieeei iciaeiieoeny c ?iaioith e?a?ciaa/eo i?aai?caoe?e oe?oiio eieo
iaoeiaoe?a ? a?iiaaenueeino?. Cie?aia, ie ia?ii ia oaac? iaoa??aee 2
c’?caeo e?a?ciaaoe?a Oe?a?ie, yeee a?aeaoany a a?oaei? 1996 ?ieo. A
eiec? i?aaenoaaeai? aeieoiaioe oa aeia?aeeia? iaoa??aee i?i ?iaioo
Anaoe?a?inueei? ni?eee e?a?ciaaoe?a Ae?oaee c’?cae Anaoe?a?inueei?
ni?eee e?a?ciaaoe?a ( 25 a?oaeiy 1996, i. Ee?a ): Iaoa??aee oa
aeieoiaioe/ ?aaeeie.: I.O. O?iiueei ( aieia. ?aae.) oa ?i. — E.: ??aeiee
e?ae, 1997. — 185n..

Ianooiio a?oio aeaea?ae neeaaeathoue iaoa??aee ioca?a oa a?ae?ioae:
iocaei? aeniiceoe??, aeniiiaoe, a oaeiae e?oa?aoo?a, yea caa??aa?oueny o
a?aeae?e? e?a?ciaanoaa iaeanii? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee. C iaoith ?ice?eooy
icia/aii? i?iaeaie aaoi? a?aea?aeaa ioca? Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?,
ia?aaeyioa aeniiceoe?? aeaieo onoaiia. Oe?ii?noue noaiiaeoue ae?oeiaaia
i?iaeoeoe?y ioca?a oa a?ae?ioae, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aianie aeuaiacaaieo
e?a?ciaa/eo onoaiia o iioe?aii? ciaiue i?i ??aeiee e?ae. Aeey c’ynoaaiiy
noaiiaeua ioca?a ? a?ae?ioae Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? a 90-o? ?iee oa ?o
aianeo aei ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? ni?aae aaoi? caa?ioany aei iioi/ieo
a?o?a?a Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai oa Ia??oiieuenueeiai e?a?ciaa/eo ioca?a
? Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i. I.E.E?oinueei?. Na?aae
iaoa?iae?a — ?i/ii caioe i?i ?iaioo aeaieo inoi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo
ina?aaeeia.

Aeineiaeaeoth/e ?icaeoie iaoeiaeo oi?i inoi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ?aaiiio,
aaoi? i?iaiaeicoaaa iaoa?iaee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo iaeanieo naiiia?ia,
anaoe?a?inueeeo oa ?aaiiiaeueieo eiioa?aioeie.

Niaoeeo?/iei aeaea?aeii aenooia? iioae?eiaaia e?a?ciaaoeyie e?oa?aoo?a:
iiiia?aoi?, ooiaeaiaioaeuei? eieaeoeai? i?aoe?, noaoo?, cai?ieee noaoae,
aeueiaiaoe, iaoa??aee eiioa?aioeie, aiaeiia?aoi/i? iieaae/eee,

Ie?aio a?oio aeaea?ae noaiiaeoue ia?iiaee/ia i?ana, a naia iaoa?iaee
iinoeaaeo aacao, a oaeiae iinoeaaa oaeaaa/aiiy oa ?aaeii.

Oe?eaaa aeaea?aei neeaaea? iaioa?ia e?oa?aoo?a. Aeena?oaioea cao?enoaaea
niiaaaee e?a?ciaaoe?a-aiaoi??a, iocaeieo i?aoe?aiee?a, iaoeiaoe?a,
iiciaeiieeanue c i?eaaoieie a?o?aaie e?a?ciaaoe?a I.N.Aeueoa?a,
A.I.Caieiaiai oa ?ioeo.

Iaoiaeieia?/io aaco noaiiaeoue eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee on?o
/eiiee?a, ye? aieeaaee ia ?icaeoie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aeiiaoeueei?
iaeano?. I?e oeueiio aaoi? aeio?eioaaany i?eioeei?a ?noi?ecio oa
iaoeiai? ia’?eoeaiino?. A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ea ia?aaaaeii
aeei?enoiaoaaea iieniaee, ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee ? noaoenoe/iee iaoiaee,
a oaeiae iaoiae aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai Aeiia//eie o 50 — 80-o?
?iee” ?icaeyioo? iniiai? iai?yiee ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? ae?yeueiino?,
cae?eniaiee aiae?c iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ?iaioe, i?iaiae?ciaaia
ae?yeuei?noue iocaeieo onoaiia e?ath, ioa?aeoa?eciaaiee aianie
iaoeiaoe?a Aeiia//eie a aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo i?iaeai.

O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e c’yniaaii, ui oaea a 1945
?ioe? iai’yoeiioi?iiia aeiyeueiinoue iaaoea nai??iaeiiai aiae?iaeaeaiiy,
/iio ni?eyea ?i?oe?aoeaa aeueo aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee. Iiaiioeiiia
aeiyeueiinoue ?icii/aeany iiney aeieeiaiiy aeia?iaieueiiai Oiaa?enoaa
ioi?iie iai’yoie inoi?i? oa eoeueoo?e a 1966 ?ioe?, yea i?iaiaeeeany
caiaeii Noaoooo i?aaiicaoei?, caoaa?aeaeaiiai a 1967 ?ioe?. Ii?yae c
iaoeiai-aeineiaeieoeueeith oa iiioey?ecaoi?nueeith ?iaioith ?aaoey?ii
i?iaiaeeeeny eiioa?aioei?. Ia iinoeyo aeiyee /eneaiii ia?aeiii
i?aaiicaoei?. O 1966 — 1967 ?ieao ?o e?euee?noue noaiiaeea 549 c 56,2
oen. /eai?a, a iai?ee?ioe? 80-o ?ie?a /enaeuei?noue i?aai?caoe?e nyaaea
5 oen. c 1,8 iei. /eai?a. Oaea ?icaaeoaeaia ia?aaea iai’yoeiioi?iiieo
ina?aaeeia aeicaieeea ioiieoe ?iaioith a oeueiio iai?yieo iaeaea ani
iinoa i ?aeiie iaeanoi, oe?ie? a?iiaaenueei eiea.

Ii?yae c oni?oaie oe?e ?iaio? aoee i?eoaiaii? ? iaai? iaaeie?ee. Oea,
ia?o ca ana, iaaei??ia i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue oeaio?aeueiiio ea?iaieoeoao.
Cie?aia, ioi?iii, aea/aiith oa iiioey?ecaoei?, ianaiia?aae, iiaeeyaaee
iai’yoieee e?aea?ai eiioiinoe/ii? ia?oi?, ?aaiethoei?, aieie oiui.
Aiaeii/an /eneaiii iai’yoee eoeueoo?e oa inoi?i? caeeoaeenue iica
oaaaith aea?aeaae. Oea eoeueoia? nii?oaee, a?oaieiai/ii iai’yoee oa
?io?.

Aeinyaiaiiyi oeueiai ia?iiaeo aoei noai?aiiy ia?aaei ioca?a ia
a?iiaaenueeeo canaaeao. Aiie c’yaeeeny ia Aeiia//ei? iaeaea ia anio
iiaei?e?inoaao ? onoaiiaao. Aeoeaii oeae i?ioean a?aeaoaaany iai?eeiioe?
60-o — o 70- oi ?iee. A iocayo iiaei?e?inoa aoee i?aaenoaaeaii iai’yoee,
ui aiaeia?aaeaee aeieeiaiiy oa ?icaeoie oiai /e iioiai caaiaeo, oaa?eee,
a oaeiae eieainio, ?aaeainio. Ioca? aeieeaee a oeieao oa ?ioeo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao.

Caaaeyee ?iaioi, yea aaeany ii ioi?ii? iai’yoie o 60-o ?ieao c’yaeeeny
i?aoe?, i?enay/ai? inoi?i? Aeiia//eie, a yeeo eaeaoueny i?i ?iciiiaiioii
iai’yoee oa noni?euei? yaeua a iao?e iinoeaainoi. Na?aae ieo iiaeia
aeae?eeoe i?aoei caaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, a oaeiae o?, ui noinoaaeeny
a?oaieiai/ieo iai’yoie, a?oioaeoo?e oa iinoiaoaeiaieoeoaa: cai?ee
aeieoiaioia oa iaoa?iaeia, iooiaieee ii Aeiia//eii, caaaeueia
eioa?aoo?a, aiaeiia?aoi/ii iieaae/eee. Aeaeaiiy eioa?aoo?e ni?eyei
caeo/aiith ianaeaiiy aei aea/aiiy ?iaeiiai e?ath, a oaeiae
?iciianthaeaeaiith ciaiue i?i naie ?aa?ii. C’yaeeeny iiai iaoiaee
iiioey?ecaoi?nueei? ?iaioe, oaei ye oaea oa ?aaeiiia?aaea/?. Ca
aeiiiiiaith caniaia ianiai? iioi?iaoei? ianaeaiiy iaeanoi iioi?ioaaeiny
i?i iiai aiaee?eooy a aaeoc? iinoeaai? inoi?i?. Cia/iiai iioe?aiiy
iaaoee ?aae?ia?eoi?eie, oaiaoe/i? ia?aaea/?. Niia?iaioieee ioca?a,
/eaie eaeoi?nueeeo a?oi i?iaiaeeee oaiaoe/ii eaeoei? ia iiaei?e?inoaao,
aeey nooaeaioia, o/iia oeie. Ie?aia i?noea a ?iaio? Oiaa?enoaa ioi?iie
iai’yoie ?noi??? ? eoeueoo?e Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? iaeaaeaei ia?iaeiei
oi?aa?neoaoai. Aaeeeiai cia/aiiy aeey iiioey?ecaoe?? ?noi??? e?ath iaee
aeneo?ni?, yei i?iaiaeeeeny i?aoeiaieeaie iocaeieo onoaiia, ia?iaeieie
oiiaa?neoaoaie Aeiia//eie. Caeo/aiith a?iiaaenueeinoi aei
inoi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? ?iaioe, ? ianaiia?aae iieiaei, ni?eyee ao?oee
inoi?i? i?e iocayo.

Oaeei /eiii, ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/a ?iaioa a ?aa?ii? o 50 — 80-o? ?iee
iaaoea cia/iiai iioe?aiiy i?ae aeaoii aeia?ia?eueiiai Oiaa?enoaa ioi?iie
iai’yoie ?noi??? oa eoeueoo?e, o ?iaio? ia?iaeieo oi?aa?neoao?a,
??ciii?io?eueieo ioca?a. I?noeaaa ?noi??y i?eaa?ioea iaoeiaoe?a, ui
aeyaeeiny o aeoiae? /eneaiii? iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e oa ioae?oeenoeee.
Iniaeeaa oaaaa iaaeaaaeany i?iaeai? ?ia?oieoeoaa, ?noi??? i?aei?e?inoa,
/anoeiai eieaini?a ? ?aaeaini?a. Caii/aoeiaaii aeaeaiiy ioo?aiee?a,
a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, cae?eniaii aeaeaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueii?
“?noi??? i?no ? n?e Oe?a?inueei? ?N?”.

Iiceoeaii ioe?ithth/e oeae ia??iae o ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa,
aa?oi cacia/eoe, ui aee?aeoeae aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee, ni?eyth/e
caeo/aiith ianaeaiiy aei aea/aiiy aeanii? ?noi???, aiaeii/an
no?eioaaee ?i?oe?aoeao iaoeiaoe?a oa e?a?ciaaoe?a-ethaeoae?a, ui
i?ecaaei aei iaiaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo oai, ca?aeaieia?ciaaiino?
iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, caiia/aiith nooo?aeo ?aa?iiaeueieo ?noi?e/ieo
i?iaeai. Aei aacoiiaii ei?enii? ni?aae caeo/aeanue cia/ia e?euee?noue
ethaeae aeiaaeeiaeo, aeaeaeeo a?ae e?a?ciaanoaa, /ey ?iaioa a
i?aai?caoe?? iaiaaeoaaeany nieaoith ui??/iiai a?ioiaiai aianeo.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Ii?aeiaiiy iaoeiaeo ? a?iiaaenueeeo oi?i
aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aeiiai e?ath o i?ioean? e?a?ciaa/i? ?iaioe ia
Aeiia//ei? a 90 — o? ?iee OO noie?ooy” iieacaii aeieeiaiiy oa
ae?yeuei?noue Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? i?aai?caoe?? Anaoe?a?inueei? ni?eee
e?a?ciaaoe?a, ioa?aeoa?eciaaia ?iaioa ie?aieo aeiy/?a; nenoaiaoeciaaia
oa ocaaaeueiaia ?iaioa ioca?a ii aeineiaeaeaiith inoi?i? naiai e?ath oa
iiioey?ecaoei? eiai aeinyaiaiue; aeyaeai? iiai ?ene a ae?yeueiino? oeeo
onoaiia; ?icaeyiooa ?ieue aiaeiioae ia i?eeeaaei iaeanii? iaoeiai?
aiaeiioaee; aenaioeai? iiai ?ene a ?iaioi aeuaicia/aieo e?a?ciaa/eo
ina?aaeeia; aeaia ioeiiea aeiyeueiinoi e?a?ciaaoeia-aiaoi?ia o
aeineiaeaeaiii i?iaeai iinoeaai? inoi?i? oa a ?ic’yniaii? nai?o
iaaeaaiue; i?iaiaeiciaai? ie?aii ?iaioe e?a?ciaaoeia-aiaoi?ia;
aenaioeaiee aca?iiaieea iaoeiaeo oa a?iiaaenueeeo oi?i inoi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa.

Aaoi? c’ynoaaa, ui iaoeiaoe? oa e?a?ciaaoe?-aiaoi?e iaeano? a ae?oa?e
iieiaei? 80-o ?ie?a ia’?aeiaeeny a oiaa?enoai e?a?ciaaoe?a ? i?aoethaaee
i?ae aeaoii Aeiiaoeueeiai a?aeae?eaiiy oe?a?inueeiai Oiiaeo eoeueoo?e,
caniiaaiiai a 1987 ?ioe?. E?a?ciaaoe? a?aee o/anoue o i?iaaaeaii?
eiioa?aioe?e, cae?eniaii? i?ia?ai Oiiaeo eoeueoo?e noiniaii ioi?iie
iai’yoie e?ath. Aeaeaaaeany iaoeiaa oa iiioey?ia e?oa?aoo?a,
iaaiai?thaaeeny aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?noi??? iaeano?.

?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai Aeiia//eie caeiaoei i?aai?caoe?eia ioi?ieaiiy ?c
canioaaiiyi Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? i?aai?caoe?? Anaoe?a?inueei? ni?eee
e?a?ciaaoe?a. Aeoea?noe e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo aa?ooue o/anoue o an?o
ii/eiaiiyo Ni?eee, ni?eythoue ni?eeoaaiith oeaio?aeueieo i?aai?a c
ia?eoa???th. Ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a noai?ai? i?noeaa? oa ?aeiii?
e?a?ciaa/? ina?aaeee. *enaeuei?noue aeoeaieo ae?y/?a nyaioea 385 in?a,
aea ? i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe, ui ua aeecueei 80 — 90 in?a iae?eii ia
ioiieai?. I?iaeiaaeo?oueny i?ioean eiinie?aeaoe?? iaoeiaeo nee,
ethaeoae?a naiai e?ath a i?noeaaeo e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaeeao. Aiae?c aieao
ca?oii-aeai?/i? eiioa?aioe?? Aeiiaoeueei? i?aai?caoe?? Ni?eee
e?a?ciaaoe?a iieacaa, ui ?noi??y e?ath caeaa?eueoiai i?eaa?ioea oaaao
?ioae?aaioe??, yea, a naith /a?ao, i?aoeth? iaae aeoiaaiiyi o iieiae?
ethaia? aei ?noi??? e?ath. A iaeano? aaaeaoueny aeine?aeieoeueea oa
ina?oyinueea ?iaioa, a ye?e aa?ooue o/anoue ni?a?ia?oieee ioca?a,
a?ae?ioae, e?a?ciaaoe?-aiaoi?e, a oaeiae a/eoae?, iaoeiaoe?.

Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith aeaiiai ia??iaeo noaa aeione e?oa?aoo?e, i?enay/aii?
ie?aiei i?iaeaiai ?noi??? e?ath. Aaeeea cia/aiiy a ina?oyinuee?e ni?aa?
iaeaaeeoue oaeei aeaeaiiyi, ye “E?oiien Aeiiaano”, “A?oaieia?/iee
aeueiaiao”, “??aeiee e?ae” oa ?io?. E?aea?ii ii aeaeaiith e?oa?aoo?e
iiaeia aaaaeaoe A?oai?anueeee aea?aeaaiee e?a?ciaa/ee iocae. Aacoe?iieie
aeey iaoeiaoe?a, ani??aio?a, nooaeaio?a, a/eoae?a ? a?ae?ia?ao?/i?
iieaae/eee, i?aeaioiaeai? oa aeaeai? i?aoe?aieeaie a?aeae?eo e?a?ciaa/i?
e?oa?aoo?e iaeanii? a?ae?ioaee.

Iaoeiaoe? oa e?a?ciaaoe?-aiaoi?e ae?thoue o o?niiio eiioaeo? c caniaaie
ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Oea ioae?eaoe?? noaoae e?a?ciaa/i? oaiaoeee a
ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo, i?iaaaeaiiy oaiaoe/ieo ?aae?iia?aaea/,
caii/aoeoaaiiy oaeaa?c?eieo ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo i?ia?ai. O 1994 ?ioe? a
aacao? “Aeiia//eia” caii/aoeiaaia uii?ny/ia noi??iea i?ae iacaith
“??aeiee e?ae”, aea ai?uothoueny oe?eaa? oaeoe c ?noi???, oieueeei?o,
eoeueoo?e Aeiiaano. Ia o?aaaiue 1998 aeeoei 48 aeione?a oe???
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? noi??iee. sse eieaeoeai? caoiaee a
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iio ?on?, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe “E?a?ciaa/? /eoaiiy”, ui
?aaoey?ii i?iaiaeyoueny iaeaniith iaoeiaith a?ae?ioaeith. Oaea oi?ia
?iaioe ua ?ac i?aee?aneth? ii?aeiaiiy iaoeiaeo oa a?iiaaenueeeo
iai?yie?a aea/aiiy ?noi??? e?ath, i?iaeiaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue
?noi?e/ieo iiae?e ?aa?iio ni?a?ia?oieeaie ioca?a, a?ae?ioae, a?o?a?a,
o/eoaeyie, iaoeiaoeyie, e?a?ciaaoeyie-aiaoi?aie.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie a?iiaaenueeeo oi?i ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa a?aeaoaa?oueny o o?niiio eiioaeo? c iaoeiaei iai?yieii
aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ath, i?ae aieeaii ?iaioe iaeaniiai oa Anaoe?a?inueeiai
i?aai?caoe?eiiai oeaio?o. Aeey iiioey?ecaoe?? ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa
canoiniaai? iia? iaoiaee. Aaeeeiai cia/aiiy iaaoee caniae ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe??. Ne?ae caa?iooe oaaao ia oi?ioaaiiy ae??caeaoieo
i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ii an?o i?noao oa ?aeiiao iaeano?, caaacia/aiiy
a?ae?ioae e?ath ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/ith e?oa?aoo?ith, caa?aaeaiiy ioca?a
ia a?iiaaenueeeo canaaeao, ioca?a i?aei?e?inoa c ?oi?ie aacoe?iieie
eieaeoe?yie, eiinie?aeaoe?th an?o ethaeoae?a ?noi??? e?ath a iaeani?e
i?aai?caoe?? e?a?ciaaoe?a.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Ae?yeuei?noue iaoeiaoe?a ii aeine?aeaeaiith
?noi??? Aeiia//eie a 90 — o? ?iee OO noie?ooy” aena?oeaia ae?yeuei?noue
iaoeiaoe?a ?aa?iio ii aea/aiith oa iiioey?ecaoe?? ?noi??? e?ath ia
iniia? aiae?co aianeo iaoeiaoe?a o aeine?aeaeaiiy i?noeaai? ?noi???,
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeaeaiue, c’ynoaaiiy ieoaiue, ye?
iaea?eueo iiaii aea/ai?, a oaeiae oaeeo, ui caeeoeeeny
iaaeine?aeaeaieie. Cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?eaia iiioey?ecaoe?? iaaeaaiue
e?a?ciaaoe?a. Iacaai? ?iaia oeo, coneeeyie eiai ?icaeaa?oueny ?noi?e/ia
e?a?ciaanoai.

O 90-o? ?iee iaoeiaoe? Aeiia//eie i?iaiaeyoue aeoeaio aeine?aeieoeueeo
ae?yeuei?noue. ?noioii ?icoe?eeinue eiei i?iaeai, ui aea/athoueny,
?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai iiiiaieeinue ?ic?iaeaie aoii-iaoe?iiaeueieo
i?iaeai, aee?eooyi ?ai?an?e eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie,
aieiaeiii??a. Iaoeiaoeyie Aeiia//eie caii/aoeiaai? ei?eni? aeaeaiiy,
oae? ye “Iia? noi??iee a ?noi??? Aeiiaano”, “I?aaaea /a?ac ?iee”. Aei
aea/aiiy i?noeaai? ?noi??? caeo/athoueny ani??aioe, nooaeaioe.

Caeiaooee a aeine?aeaeaii? i?noeaaeo i?iaeai e?a?ciaaoe?
ii?eethaeithaaee ia i?aeia?iaeieo, anaoe?a?inueeeo, iaoeiaeo,
?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?yo, o ia??iaee/i?e i?an?, o anaoe?a?inueeeo oa
?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao. I?ioyaii 90-o ?ie?a aeaeaii /eiaei
iiiia?ao?e, i?enay/aieo ie?aiei ?noi?e/iei i?iaeaiai. Iaoeiaoe? aeoeaii
i?aoeththoue iaae aeeiiaiiyi caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie
“?aaa?e?oiaai? ?noi???th” oa aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “Aoiinioe?aeuei?
i?iaeaie ?noi??? Aeiiaano”, ye? ?ic?iaeythoueny ? ia ?noi?e/iiio
oaeoeueoao? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo.

Aiaeii/an aeacaii ia aeaye? iaaeie?ee oe??? ?iaioe: caoaeaiiy oaiaoeee
eiioa?aioe?e, a?aenooi?noue ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?aoeue, aioeeeeiiaaee/ieo
aeaeaiue, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue no/aniei iio?aaai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee.

O aeniiaeao c?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy ? i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee aeeiiaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— o 50 — 80 ?iee ia Aeiia//ei? a?aeaoeiny nai???aeia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa, i?ia?aeia ?ieue a yeiio iaeaaeaea Oiaa?enoao
ioi?iie iai’yoie ?noi??? oa eoeueoo?e; iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo iaaoee
iaoeia? (?iaioa ioca?a, a?ae?ioaee ?i.I.E.E?oinueei?, iiooee a/aieo,
ani??aio?a, nooaeaio?a) oa a?iiaaenuee? (Oiaa?enoai ioi?iie iai’yoie
?noi??? oa eoeueoo?e, ioca? ia a?iiaaenueeeo canaaeao, caniae ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe??, ae?yeuei?noue e?a?ciaaoe?a-aiaoi??a, ?iaioa iaeanii?
i?aai?caoe?? e?a?ciaaoe?a) oi?ie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa;

— c ooai?aiiyi iaeanii? i?aai?caoe?? e?a?ciaaoe?a ?oiy ae?yeuei?noue
aeoea?coaaeany: caii/aoeiaai? ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/? aeaeaiiy, ?aaoey?ii
aena?oeththoueny ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/? i?iaeaie ia noi??ieao ia??iaee/ii?
i?ane, i?iaiaeyoueny eiioa?aioe??, anaa?/ii aea/a?oueny ?noi??y e?ath
iaoeiaoeyie, iiaeaaaeeany iiioey?ecaoi?nueea ae?yeuei?noue;

— iineeth?oueny ii?aeiaiiy iaoeiaeo ? a?iiaaenueeeo oi?i ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa ?aa?iio.

Aea/aiiy aeaii? oaie iaaeaei iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
iie?ioaiiy ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? ?iaioe a ?aa?ii?:

— iineeeoe eii?aeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe?? iaeanii? i?aai?caoe?? e?a?ciaaoe?a;

— aeoea?coaaoe iiooeiao e?a?ciaa/o ae?yeuei?noue iieiae?: noa?oeo
oeiey??a, nooaeaio?a, ani??aio?a;

— caa?iooe oaaao ia aaeineiiaeaiiy e?a?ciaa/i? i?aeoeee nooaeaio?a,
cai?iaaaeeaoe aeneo?n?? ii aeaeaoieo ?noi?e/ieo i?noeyo, aei e?a?ciaa/eo
ioca?a iaeano? oa ?ioa;

— ni?yioaaoe e?a?ciaa/o ?iaioo nooaeaio?a ia ?icooe i?noeue caoi?iiaiiy
aea?oa ?ai?an?e ia Aeiia//ei?;

— ia?aaeaeaoe ?noi??th i?no ? n?e Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? c o?aooaaiiyi
iiaeo ?noi?e/ieo i?aeoiae?a, inoaii?o aeine?aeaeaiue iaoeiaoe?a;

— ii?aeiaoe coneeey iaoeiaoe?a o ni?aa? iaienaiiy aioeeeeiiaaee/iiai
neiaieea i?i aeaeaoieo ae?y/?a oa iniiai? iiae?? a e?a?;

— ni?yioaaoe coneeey iaoeiaoe?a ia iaienaiiy ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue;

— caaacia/eoe i?nuee?, ?aeiii? oa n?euenuee? a?ae?ioaee e?a?ciaa/eie
aeaeaiiyie;

— iioe?eoe ni?eeoaaiiy ni?a?ia?oiee?a e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a c iaoith
iai?io ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i nai? caeiaooee.

NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E AAOI?A

1. Ie?ai? aniaeoe ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia Aeiia//ei? a 20 — 90 — o?
?iee OO noie?ooy // Iiaa no?aieoe a enoi?ee Aeiiaanna / Aie. ?aae.
C.A.Eeoieiaiaa. — Aeiiaoeuee, 1997. — Ei. 5. — N. 164 — 171 (0,5 ae?.
a?e.).

2. Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Aeiia//eie // A?niee
Aeiiaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y A. Aoiai?oa?i? iaoee. — 2/1998. — N.
66 — 75. (0,6 ae?oe.a?e.).

3. E?a?ciaa/ee ?oo ia Aeiia//ei? a 90-o? ?iee XX noie?ooy //
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee: Na??y “?noi??y”. — ? 89 (156). —
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee. — aeiaoaiue 1998. — N. 15 — 21. (0,5 ae?.a?e.)

4. A?aee I?eacia’y a aeniiceoe?yo Ia??oiieuenueeiai e?a?ciaa/iai iocath
20-o ?ie?a // Oe?a?ia — A?aoe?y: aeina?ae ae?oaei?o ca’yce?a oa
ia?niaeoeae ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa. Oace i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? (24 — 26 o?aaiy 1996?.). — Ia??oiieue, 1996. — N. 243 — 245
(0,3 ae?. a?e.).

5. I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Oe?a?ia — A?aoe?y:
aeina?ae ae?oaei?o ca’yce?a oa ia?niaeoeae ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa” //
I?aaeaiia Oe?a?ia XVIII — XIX noie?ooy. — Caii??aeaey: ?A “Oaiaeai — O”,
1996. — Aeione. 2. — N. 189 — 190 (0,2 ae?.a?e.).

6. Aea/aiiy ?noi??? Aeiia//eie aei 1917?. // Iaoa??aee aoc?anueei?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ca
i?aenoieaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe: ?noi?e/i? iaoee,
iie?oieia?y (?aae. eie.: A.O.Ao?iinia (?aae.), A.I.I?eieuenueeee (a?aei.
nae?.), ?.Ae.Eyo oa ?i. — Aeiiaoeuee: AeiiAeO, 1997. — A 2 ei. — Ei. 1.
— N. 47 — 49 (0,3 ae?. a?e.).

7. Iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia Aeiia//ei? //
?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai ? eoeueoo?a. Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae? oa iia?aeiieaiiy
VIII Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. — Ee?a — Oa?e?a: ??aeiee
e?ae, 1997. — A 2 ei. — Ei. 1. — N. 47 — 50 (0,3 ae?. a?e.).

AIIOAOe??

Iaaeoo?ia A.O. ?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? a 50 — 90 —
o? ?iee. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01 — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — Aeiiaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Aeiiaoeuee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeaiai ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? a 1950 — 1990 — o ?ieao. O aeine?aeaeaii? aia?oa
eiiieaenii i?iaiae?ciaaii e?a?ciaa/ee ?oo o Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano?,
iieacai? iiaeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ieioeiai ?iaeiiai e?ath, yei ciaeoee
ae?ac o noai?aii? ??cieo oi?i aeineiaeaeaiiy oa iiioey?ecaoei? inoi?i?
e?ath, noai?aii? Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? i?aai?caoe?? Anaoe?a?inueei?
ni?eee e?a?ciaaoe?a, ?iaio? Oiaa?enoaa ioi?iie iai’yoie ?noi??? oa
eoeueoo?e, ioca?a iaeano? oa Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee
?i.I.E.E?oinueei?, e?a?ciaaoe?a-aiaoi??a ?aa?iio. Aia?oa ?ice?eo?
iiceoeai? oa iaaaoeai? ?ene oeueiai i?ioeano.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?a?ciaa/ee ?oo, ?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai, e?a?ciaa/?
ina?aaeee, ioca?, a?ae?ioaee, iaoeiaa oa a?iiaaenueea oi?ie ?iaioe,
e?a?ciaaoe?-aiaoi?e, eiioa?aioe??, iiioey?ecaoi?nueea ni?aaa.

Iaaeooeia A.O. Enoi?e/aneia e?aaaaaeaiea Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe a 50 — 90 —
a aiae. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01 — Enoi?ey Oe?aei. — Aeiiaoeeee
ainoaea?noaaiie oieaa?neoao, Aeiiaoee, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai ?acaeoey enoi?e/aneiai e?aaaaaeaiey
Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe a 1950 — 1990 — o aiaeao. A enneaaeiaaiee aia?aa
eiiieaenii i?iaiaeece?iaaii e?aaaaae/aneia aeaeaeaiea a Aeiiaoeeie
iaeanoe, ?ane?o iiaeoiae e eco/aieth i?ioeiai ?iaeiiai e?ay, eioi?a
iaoee naia io?aaeaiea a nicaeaiee ?acio oi?i enneaaeiaaiey e
iiioey?ecaoeee enoi?ee e?ay, ia?aciaaiee Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoiie
i?aaiecaoeee e?aaaaeia Anaoe?aeineiai nithca e?aaaaaeia e aa
aeayoaeueiinoe, ?aaioa Iauanoaa io?ai iaiyoieeia enoi?ee e eoeueoo?,
iocaaa iaeanoe e Aeiiaoeeie iaeaniie iao/iie aeaeeioaee ei.
I.E.E?oineie, e?aaaaaeia-ethaeoaeae ?aaeiia. Aia?aa ?ane?o
iieiaeeoaeueia e io?eoeaoaeueia noi?ii oiai i?ioeanna.

Eeth/aaa neiaa: e?aaaaae/aneia aeaeaeaiea, enoi?e/aneia e?aaaaaeaiea,
e?aaaaae/aneea oeaio?, iocae, aeaeeioaee, iao/iay e iauanoaaiiay oi?i
?aaio, e?aaaaae-ethaeoaee, eiioa?aioeee, iiioey?ecaoi?neia aeaei.

V.F.Pavluhina. Donetsk Region Historical Ethnography in 1950-s — 1990 s.

The Dissertation presented for a degree of a candidate of the science of
history (speciality 07.00.01 The History of Ukraine — Donetsk State
University, Donetsk, 1998).

The dissertation deals with the problems of development of regional
historical ethnography of Donetsk region in 1950-s — 1990 s. For the
first time the research work dives the complete analysis of regional
ethnography movement in Donetsk region, reveals different approaches to
the study of the past of our region which are realized in creation of
different kinds of inverstigation and popularization of the regional
history, in foundation of Donetsk Regional Organization of Ethnographers
and of All-Ukrainian Union of Regional Ethnographers, in the activity
of the Society of Protection of Historical and Cultural Monuments, also
vin the activity of the museums of our region and of Donetsk Region
Krupskaya scientific library, of amateur regional ethnographers. The
advantages and disadvantages of this process were also revealed for the
first time.

The key-words: ethnography movement; regional historical ethnography;
ethnography centres, museums, libraries; scientific and social kinds of
activity, amateur ethnographers, conferences, popularization activity.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 9.12.98 ?. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16. Iai??
oeiia?aonueeee. Ionaoiee ae?oe. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e.1. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.
Caiiaeaiiy ?

oei

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *